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Ver. 18.4
Feb. 11th, 2024

168.0000 Family Poaceae Barnhart; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 22: 7 (1895), nom. cons., nom. alt.
ca. 800 genera, ca. 12.000 spp. worldwide. Systematics following Soreng et al. (2017) and Soreng et al. (2022)
Species listed in database: 12061; hybrids: 384
= Aegilopaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 221 (1820)
= Agrostidaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 264 (1820)
= Alopecuraceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 19 (1820)
= Andropogonaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 28 (1820)
= Anomochloaceae Nakai; Chosakuronbun Mokuroku [Ord. Fam. Trib. Nov.]: 222 (1943)
= Anthoxanthaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 271 (1827)
= Arundinaceae Döll; Rhein. Fl.: 60 (1843)
= Arundinellaceae Herter; Revista Sudamer. Bot. 6: 136 (1940)
= Asperellaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 106, 270 (1827)
= Avenaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 60. 31 (1820)
= Bambusaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 265 (1820)
= Bromaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 264 (1820)
= Cenchraceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 9, 268 (1827)
= Chaeturaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 106, 269 (1827)
= Chloridaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 265 (1820)
= Chondrosaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 269 (1827)
= Coleanthaceae Pfeiff.; Nomencl. Bot. 1(2): 818. ante (1873)
= Cynodontaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 51, 269 (1827)
= Cynosuraceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 271, 272 (1827)
= Echinariaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 271 (1827)
= Ehrhartaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 271 (1827)
= Eragrostidaceae Herter; Revista Sudamer. Bot. 6: 145 (1940)
= Festucaceae Spreng.; J. Sadler, Fl. Comit. Pest. 1: 28 (1825)
= Glyceriaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 271 (1827)
= Gramineae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 28 (1789), nom. cons.
= Holcaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 2: 252 (1833)
= Hordeaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 265 (1820)
= Laguraceae Link; Hort. Berol. 2: 250 (1833)
= Lepturaceae Herter; Revista Sudamer. Bot. 6: 147 (1940)
= Loliaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 6, 267 (1827)
= Melicaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 390 (1820)
= Miliaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 91, 270 (1827)
= Nardaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 413 (1820)
= Olyraceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 265 (1820)
= Ophiuraceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 3, 268 (1827)
= Oryzaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 265 (1820)
= Panicaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 264 (1820)
= Pappophoraceae Herter; Revista Sudamer. Bot. 6: 145 (1940)
= Parianaceae Nakai; Chosakuronbun Mokuroku [Ord. Fam. Trib. Nov.]: 222 (1943)
= Paspalaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 47, 269 (1827)
= Phalaridaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 2: 250 (1833)
= Pharaceae Herter; Revista Sudamer. Bot. 6: 139 (1940)
= Phleaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 269 (1827)
= Saccharaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 265 (1820)
= Sesleriaceae Döll; Rhein. Fl.: 60 (1843)
= Spartinaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 46, 268 (1827)
= Stipaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 264 (1820)
= Streptochaetaceae Nakai; Chosakuronbun Mokuroku [Ord. Fam. Trib. Nov.]: 222 (1943)
= Triticaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 22, 268 (1827)
= Zeaceae A.J.Kern.; Pflanzenleben 2: 651 (1891)
= Zoysiaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 8, 268 (1827)
168.5084 Genus Elymus L.; Sp. Pl. 1: 83 (1753)
Distribution: Temperate and subtropical regions, especially China (89), montane areas of tropics.
Species listed in database: 179; hybrids: 19
= Asperella Humb.; Roem. & Ust. Mag. 3(3): 5 (1790) non Asprella Schreb. (1789)
= Braconotia Godr.; Fl. Lorraine 3: 191 (1844)
= Clinelymus (Griseb.) Nevski; Bull. Jard. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS 30: 640 (1931 publ. 1932)
= Crithopyrum Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 344 (1854)
= Cryptopyrum Heynh.; Alph. Aufz. Gew.: 174 (1846), nom. inval.
= Elytrigia Desv.; Nouv. Bull. Soc. Philom. 2: 190 (1810)
= Goulardia Husn.; Gram. Fr. Belg. 83 (1899)
= Gymnostichum Schreb.; Beschr. Graes. 2: 127 t. 47 (1810)
= Hystrix Moench; Methodus: 294 (1794)
= Pascopyrum Á.Löve; Taxon 29: 547 (1980)
= Polyantherix Nees; Ann. Nat. Hist. 1: 284 (1838)
= Psammopyrum Á.Löve; Veröff. Geobot. Inst. ETH Stiftung Rübel Zürich 87: 50 (1986)
= Roegneria K.Koch; Linnaea 21: 413. Aug (1848)
= Semeiostachys Drobow; Fl. Uzbekist., ed. Schreder 1: 281, 539 (1941)
= Sitanion Raf.; J. Phys. 89: 103 (1819)
= Sitospelos Adans.; Fam. Pl. 2: 36, 606 (1763), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Terrellia Lunell; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 4: 227 (1915), nom. illeg. superfl.
= xElymotrigia Hyl.; Nord. Kärlväxtfl. 1: 371 (1953)
= xElysitanion Bowden; Canad. J. Bot. 45: 721 (1967)
= xPseudelymus Barkworth & D.R.Dewey; Great Basin Naturalist 43: 570 (1983)
= xTerrelymus B.R.Baum; Canad. J. Bot. 57(8): 947 (1979)
species :
Elymus abolinii (Drobow) Tzvelev; Akad. Nauk SSSR Bot. Inst. Komarova, Rast. Tsentral. Azii, Fasc. 4, 214(1968)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; China (Xinjiang)
32 KAZ KGZ TKM UZB 36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron abolini Drobow; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 21: 42 (1925)
= Elymus abolinii var. divaricans (Nevski) Tzvelev; Pl. Asia Centr. 4: 214 (1968)
= Elymus abolinii var. nudiusculus (L.B.Cai) S.L.Chen & G.H.Zhu; Novon 12: 425 (2002)
= Elymus abolinii var. pluriflorus D.F.Cui; Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin 10(3): 30 (1990)
= Elymus sauricus Kotukhov; Turczaninowia 1(1): 19 (1998)
= Goulardia abolinii (Drobow) Ikonn.; Opred. Vyssh. Rast. Badakhshana: 59 (1979)
= Roegneria abolinii (Drobow) Nevski; Acta Univ. As. Med. Ser. VIII b, Bot. Fasc. 17, 68 (1934), in clavi
= Roegneria abolinii f. breviaristata Nevski; Kom., Fl. URSS 2: 612 (1934)
= Roegneria abolinii f. divaricans (Nevski) Nevski; Kom., Fl. URSS 2: 612 (1934)
= Roegneria abolinii var. divaricans Nevski; Acta Univ. Asiae Med. Vilib. Bot. 17: 68 (1934)
= Roegneria abolinii var. pluriflora (D.F.Cui) L.B.Cai; Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin 16: 49 (1996)
= Roegneria nudiuscula L.B.Cai; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 35(2): 171 (1997)
= Semeiostachys abolini (Drobow) Drobow; Fl. Uzbekist., ed. Schreder 1: 281 (1941)
species :
Elymus aduoensis (S.L.Lu & Y.H.Wu) comb.ined.
Distribution: China (Qinghai)
36 CHI
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
Synonyms: hidden
= Roegneria aduoensis S.L.Lu & Y.H.Wu; Guihaia 28(3): 285 (2008)
species :
Elymus aenaeanus (Hohla & H.Scholz) W.Lippert & Meierott ex Hohla; Kochia 10: 58 (2017)
Name: Inn-Quecke (DE)
Distribution: Germany (Bayern); Austria
11 AUT GER
Remarks: status disputed, possibly only a variety of E. campestris or athericus
Synonyms: hidden
= Elytrigia aenaeana Hohla & H.Scholz; Stapfia 95: 47 (2011)
= Elymus aenaeanus (Hohla & H.Scholz) W.Lippert & Meierott; 118 (2014), nom. inval.
species :
Elymus afghanicus (Melderis) G.Singh; Taxon 32(4): 639 (1983)
Distribution: Iran (NE-Iran: Mts., SW-Iran); Afghanistan (Herat, Parwan)
34 AFG IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron afghanicum Melderis; Bor, Grass. Burma, Ceylon, India & Pakistan: 689 (1960)
= Elytrigia afghanica (Melderis) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 12(4): 426 (1977)
= Elytrigia intermedia subsp. afghanica (Melderis) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95(7-8): 486 (1984)
= Trichopyrum intermedium subsp. afghanicum (Melderis) Á.Löve; Veröff. Geobot. Inst. E. T. H. Stiftung Rübel Zürich 87: 49 (1986), no basionym ref.
species :
Elymus alaskanus (Scribn. & Merr.) Á.Löve; Taxon 19: 299 (1970)
Name: Alaskan wheatgrass
Distribution: Alaska; Canada (Manitoba, Northern Territories, Yukon)
70 ASK CDN 71 CDN
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron alaskanum Scribn. & Merr.; Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 13: 85 (1910)
= Agropyron boreale subsp. alaskanum (Scribn. & Merr.) Melderis; Ark. Bot., n. s. 7(1): 19 (1968)
= Agropyron boreale var. alaskanum (Scribn. & Merr.) S.L.Welsh; J. P. Anderson, Fl. Alaska: 546 (1974)
= Elymus kronokensis var. alaskanus (Scribn. & Merr.) Jaaska; Izv. Akad. Nauk Éstonsk. S.S.R., Ser. Biol. 23: 6 (1974)
= Roegneria alaskana (Scribn. & Merr.) V.N.Vassil.; Bot. Mater. Gerb. Bot. Inst. Komarova Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R. 16: 58 (1954)
species :
Elymus albicans (Scribn. & J.G.Sm.) Á.Löve; Taxon 29(1): 166 (1980)
Name: Montana wheatgrass
Distribution: Canada (E-British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan); USA (Washington, Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, Utah, Colorado, SW-South Dakota)
71 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron albicans Scribn. & J.G.Sm.; Bull. Div. Agrostol. U.S.D.A. 4: 32 (1897)
= Agropyron albicans var. griffithsii (Scribn. & J.G.Sm. ex Piper) Beetle; Rhodora 54: 196 (1952)
= Agropyron griffithsii Scribn. & J.G.Sm.; Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 18: 148 (1905)
= Elymus albicans var. griffithsii (Scribn. & J.G.Sm.) Dorn; Vasc. Pl. Wyoming: 298 (1988)
= Elymus griffithsii (Scribn. & J.G.Sm.) Á.Löve; Taxon 29: 167 (1980)
= Elymus lanceolatus subsp. albicans (Scribn. & J.G.Sm.) Barkworth & D.R.Dewey; Great Basin Naturalist 43: 568 (1983)
= Elytrigia dasystachya subsp. albicans (Scribn. & J.G.Sm.) D.R.Dewey; Brittonia 35: 31 (1983)
= Roegneria albicans (Scribn. & J.G.Sm.) Beetle; Phytologia 55: 212 (1984)
= Roegneria albicans var. griffithsii (Scribn. & J.G.Sm.) Beetle; Phytologia 55: 212 (1984)
= Zeia albicans (Scribn. & J.G.Sm.) Lunell; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 5: 94 (1917)
= Zeia griffithsii (Scribn. & J.G.Sm.) Lunell; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 5: 234 (1915)
species :
Elymus alienus (Keng) S.L.Chen; Novon 7(3): 227 (1997)
Distribution: China (Hebei, Henan, Nei Mongol, Shanxi)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Elymus foliosus (Keng) S.L.Chen; Bull. Nanjing Bot. Gard. Mem. Sun Yat Sen, 1987: 9 (1987 publ. 1988)
= Elymus semicostatus subsp. alienus (Keng) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95(7-8): 453 (1984)
= Elymus semicostatus subsp. foliosus (Keng) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95(7-8): 454 (1984)
= Roegneria aliena Keng; J. Nanjing Univ. (Biol.) 1963(1): 31 (1963)
= Roegneria barbicalla var. foliosa (Keng & S.L.Chen) L.B.Cai; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 35(2): 172 (1997)
= Roegneria foliosa Keng ex Keng & S.L.Chen; J. Nanjing Univ. (Nat. Sci.) 3: 32 (1963)
species :
Elymus alopex B.Salomon; Willdenowia 35(2): 248 (2005)
Distribution: Iceland
10 ICE
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Elymus alpinus L.B.Cai; Acta Biol. Plateau Sin. 14: 8 (1999)
Distribution: China (Qinghai)
36 CHI
species :
Elymus altissimus (Keng) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95(7-8): 448 (1984)
Distribution: China (Qinghai, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Yunnan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Roegneria altissima Keng ex Keng & S.L.Chen; J. Nanjing Univ. (Nat. Sci.) 3: 53 (1963)
species :
Elymus amgensis Tzvelev; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 93(10): 1593 (2008)
Distribution: Siberia (Yakutia)
30 SIB
species :
Elymus angsaiensis S.L.Lu & Y.H.Wu; Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin 28(5): 513 (2008)
Distribution: China (Qinghai)
36 CHI
species :
Elymus angulatus J.Presl; Reliq. Haenk. 1: 264 (1830)
Distribution: Peru; Bolivia (La Paz, Potosí); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Catamarca, Chubut, La Pampa, Mendoza, Neuquen, Rio Negro, Santa Cruz, San Juan, Tierra del Fuego, Tucuman); Chile (Antofagasta, Atacama, Coquimbo, Valparaíso, Metropolitana de Santiago, O´Higgins, Maule, Ñuble, Biobío, Araucanía, Los Rios, Los Lagos, Aisén, Magallanes)
83 BOL PER 85 ARG CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Elymus agropyroides J.Presl; C. Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 1: 265 (1830)
= Elymus agropyroides var. brevimucronatus Hauman; Anales Soc. Ci. Argent. 86: 79 (1918)
= Elymus albowianus Kurtz; Revista Mus. La Plata 398 (1896)
= Elymus andinus Poepp. ex Trin.; Linnaea 10: 304 (1835)-1836
= Elymus antarcticus Hook.f.; Fl. Antarct. 388 (1847)
= Elymus antarcticus var. fulvescens Kurtz; Revista Mus. La Plata 7: 397 (1896)
= Elymus asper Nees ex Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 349 (1854)
= Elymus chonoticus Phil.; Linnaea 29: 104 (1858)
= Elymus chubutensis Speg.; Revista Fac. Agron. Univ. Nac. La Plata 3(32-33): 632 (1897)
= Elymus corralensis Phil.; Linnaea 33: 303 (1864)
= Elymus gayanus É.Desv.; Gay, Fl. Chil. 6: 467 (1854)
= Elymus gracilis Phil.; Linnaea 33: (1865) 301
= Elymus latiglumis Phil.; Linnaea 33: 302 (1864)
= Elymus leptostachyus Speg.; Revista Fac. Agron. Univ. Nac. La Plata 3(32-33): 631 (1897)
= Elymus muticus Phil.; Linnaea 33: 300 (1864)
= Elymus oreophilus Phil.; Anales Univ. Chile 94: 347 (1896)
= Elymus palenae Phil.; Anales Univ. Chile 94: 348 (1896)
= Elymus paposanus Phil.; Fl. Atacam.: 56 (1860)
= Elymus pratensis Phil.; Linnaea 33: 301 (1864)
= Elymus rigescens Poepp. ex Trin.; Linnaea 10: 304 (1836)-1836
= Elymus uniflorus Phil.; Anales Univ. Chile 94: 349 (1896)
= Elymus vaginatus Phil.; Linnaea 33: 300 (1864)
= Elymus valdiviae Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 349 (1854)
= Hordeum valdiviae (Steud.) Schenck; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. xI. 109 (1907), in clavi
species :
Elymus angustispiculatus S.L.Chen & G.H.Zhu; Novon 12: 425 (2002)
Distribution: China (Qinghai)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Roegneria angusta L.B.Cai; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 34(3): 332 (1996), not Elymus angustus Trin. (1829)
species :
Elymus anthosachnoides (Keng & S.L.Chen) Á.Löve ex B.Rong Lu; Nordic J. Bot. 15: 24 (1995)
Distribution: China (Sichuan, Yunnan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Elymus anthosachnoides var. scabrilemmatus (L.B.Cai) S.L.Chen; Fl. China 22: 416 (2006)
= Roegneria anthosachnoides Keng & S.L.Chen; J. Nanjing Univ. (Biol.) 1963(1): 65 (1963)
= Roegneria anthosachnoides var. scabrilemmata L.B.Cai; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 35: 165 (1997)
species :
Elymus antiquus (Nevski) Tzvelev; Akad. Nauk SSSR Bot. Inst. Komarova, Rast. Tsentral. Azii, Fasc. 4, 220(1968)
Distribution: China (Qinghai, Sichuan, Yunnan); Tibet; Nepal
36 CHI TIB 40 NEP
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron antiquum Nevski; Bull. Jard. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS 30: 515 (1931 publ. 1932)
= Agropyron microlepis Melderis; Bor, Grasses Myanmar, Ceyl., Ind. & Pakist. 692 (1960)
= Elymus gangotrianus Pusalkar, D.K.Singh & S.K.Srivast.; Kew Bull. 63: 507 (2008 publ. 2009)
= Elymus microlepis (Melderis) Melderis; Enum. Fl. Pl. Nepal 1: 131 (1978)
= Elymus parviglumis (Keng & S.L.Chen) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95: 467 (1984)
= Roegneria antiqua (Nevski) B.S.Sun; Fl. Yunnanica 9: 412 (2003)
= Roegneria parviglumis Keng & S.L.Chen; J. Nanjing Univ. (Biol.) 1963(1): 47 (1963)
species :
Elymus arcuatus (Golosk.) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 9: 61 (1972)
Distribution: Kazakhstan
32 KAZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron arcuatum Golosk.; Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS 12: 27 (1950)
= Roegneria arcuata (Golosk.) Filat.; Ill. Opred. Rast. Kazakh. 1: 115 (1969)
species :
Elymus arenosus (Spenn.) Conert; G. Hegi, Illustr. Fl. Mitteleur, ed. 3, 1(3: Lief. 10): 793 (1997)
Name: Sand-Quecke (DE)
Distribution: Netherlands; Germany (Rheinland-Pfalz)
11 GER NET
Remarks: status as valid species confirmed by genetics
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron intermedium var. arenosum (Spenn.) Thell.; Ber. Schweiz. Bot. Ges. 24-25: 161 (1916)
= Agropyron repens var. glaucescens M.Loehr; 785 (1852), nom. illeg.
= Agropyron tauschii var. glabrum Grossh.; 20 (1923)
= Elymus repens subsp. arenosus (Spenn.) Melderis; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 76: 379 (1978)
= Elytrigia arenosa (Spenn.) H.Scholz; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 115: 352 (1993), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Elytrigia repens subsp. arenosa (Melderis) Á.Löve; Taxon 29: 351 (1980)
= Triticum repens subsp. arenosus Petif; Enum. Pl. Fl. Palat.: 6 (1830)
= Triticum repens var. arenosum Spenn.; Fl. Friburg. 1: 162 (1825)
species :
Elymus aristiglumis (Keng & S.L.Chen) S.L.Chen; Bull. Nanjing Bot. Gard. Mem. Sun Yat Sen, 1987: 9 (1987 publ. 1988)
Distribution: China (Gansu, Qinghai, Sichuan, Xinjiang); Tibet
36 CHI TIB
Synonyms: hidden
= Elymus aristiglumis var. hirsutus (H.L.Yang) S.L.Chen; Novon 7: 227 (1997)
= Elymus aristiglumis var. leianthus (H.L.Yang) S.L.Chen; Novon 7(3): 227 (1997)
= Roegneria aristiglumis Keng & S.L.Chen; J. Nanjing Univ. (Nat. Sci.) 3: 55 (1963)
= Roegneria aristiglumis var. hirsuta H.L.Yang; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 18(2): 253 (1980)
= Roegneria aristiglumis var. leiantha H.L.Yang; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 18: 253 (1980)
species :
Elymus arizonicus (Scribn. & J.G.Sm.) Gould; Madrono 9: 125 (1947)
Name: Arizona wheatgrass
Distribution: USA (S-Arizona, New Mexico, W-Texas, S-Colorado); Mexico (Sonora, Coahuila, Chihuahua, Nuevo León, etc.); Guatemala
73 USA 76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX 80 GUA
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron arizonicum Scribn. & J.G.Sm.; Bull. Div. Agrostol. U.S.D.A. 4: 27 (1897)
= Agropyron caninum var. majus Scribn.; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 10: 32 (1883) [non Hitchc. 1927]
= Agropyron spicatum var. arizonicum (Scribn. & J.G.Sm.) Jones; Contr. W. Bot. 14: 19 (1912)
= Elytrigia arizonica (Scribn. & J.G.Sm.) D.R.Dewey; Brittonia 35: 31 (1983)
= Pseudoroegneria arizonica (Scribn. & J.G.Sm.) Á.Löve; Taxon 29: 168 (1980)
species :
Elymus athericus (Link) Kerguélen; Lejeunia 110: 57 (1983)
Name: Strand-Quecke, Dünen-Quecke (DE), Tick quackgrass (EN)
Distribution: England; Ireland; Denmark; Netherlands; Belgium; Germany (Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen [I], Schleswig-Holstein); Switzerland; Portugal; Baleares; France; Channel Isl. [I]; Corsica; Italy; San Marino; Slovenia; Croatia; ?Montenegro; Albania; ?Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Morocco; Algeria; Libya; Turkey (N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, W-Anatolia); New Zealand [I]; Canada [I] (Alberta [I], Nova Scotia [I]); USA [I] (Massachusetts [I], Maine [I], New Hampshire [I], New York [I], Oregon [I], Pennsylvania [I], Rhode Island [I], Texas [I], Washington State [I]); Mexico [I]
10 DEN GRB IRE 11 BGM GER NET SWI 12 BAL cis COR FRA POR 13 ALB BUL CRO GRC ITA KRI SLV SMA TUE 20 ALG LBY MOR 34 TUR 51 nzl 71 cdn 72 cdn 73 usa 75 usa 77 usa 79 mex
Remarks: a true Elymus, not a Thinopyrum. E. athericus and E. pycnanthus are combined by the majority of authors and Flora Iberica. This also means inclusion of their putative hybrid E. x acutus.
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron acadiense F.T.Hubb.; Rhodora 19: 15 (1917)
= Agropyron athericum (Link) Samp.; Herb. Portug.: 25 (1913)
= Agropyron campestre var. pycnanthum (Godr.) Lapeyrère; Fl. Départ. Landes: 446 (1902)
= Agropyron duplicatum (Steud.) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 126 (1890)
= Agropyron junceum subsp. acutum (DC.) Malag.; Acta Phytotax. Barcinon. 18: 10 (1976 publ. 1977)
= Agropyron littorale (Host) Dumort.; Observ. Gramin. Belg.: 97 (1824), nom. illeg.
= Agropyron littorale (Host) Rchb.; 140 (1830), nom. illeg.
= Agropyron littorale var. acutiflorum Dumort.; Observ. Gramin. Belg.: 97 (1824)
= Agropyron littorale var. heterophyllum Dumort.; Observ. Gramin. Belg.: 97 (1824)
= Agropyron littorale var. littoreum Dumort.; Observ. Gramin. Belg.: 97 (1824)
= Agropyron littorale var. nodosum Dumort.; Observ. Gramin. Belg.: 97 (1824)
= Agropyron littorale var. setigerum Dumort.; Observ. Gramin. Belg.: 97 (1824)
= Agropyron pungens subsp. athericum (Link) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 124 (1890)
= Agropyron pungens var. acadiense (F.T.Hubb.) Fernald; Rhodora 23: 232 (1921)
= Agropyron pungens var. aculeatum Dumort.; Observ. Gramin. Belg.: 96 (1824)
= Agropyron pungens var. acutum (DC.) Dumort.; Observ. Gramin. Belg.: 96 (1824)
= Agropyron pungens var. athericum (Link) Cout.; Fl. Portugal: 98 (1913)
= Agropyron pungens var. barbatum Dumort.; Observ. Gramin. Belg.: 96 (1824)
= Agropyron pungens var. candicans Dumort.; Observ. Gramin. Belg.: 96 (1824)
= Agropyron pungens var. longiaristatum Hack.; Cat. Rais. Gramin. Portugal: 29 (1880)
= Agropyron pungens var. megastachyum Godr.; Gren. & Godr., Fl. France Corse 3(2): 606 (1856)
= Agropyron pungens var. pycnanthum (Godr.) Druce; List Brit. Pl.: 84 (1908), isonym
= Agropyron pungens var. pycnanthum (Godr.) Marquand; Fl. Guernsey: 205 (1901)
= Agropyron pungens var. setigerum Dumort.; Observ. Gramin. Belg.: 96 (1824)
= Agropyron pycnanthum (Godr.) Godr. & Gren.; Gren. & Godr., Fl. France 3: 606 (1856)
= Agropyron repens subsp. littorale (Mutel) Bonnier; Fl. Ill. France 12: 65 (1934)
= Agropyron repens subvar. pycnanthum (Godr.) Briq.; Prodr. Fl. Corse 1: 186 (1910)
= Agropyron repens var. littorale (Mutel) Fiori; Fiori et al., Fl. Anal. Ital. 1: 105 (1896)
= Agropyron repens var. littorale Bolzon; Bull. Soc. Bot. Ital. 1906: 31 (1906)
= Agropyron ×acutum (DC.) K.Koch; Linnaea 21: 424 (1848), isonym
= Agropyron ×acutum (DC.) Roem. & Schult.; 751 (1817)
= Agropyron ×acutum (DC.) Rouy; Fl. France 14: 324 (1913), isonym
= Braconotia acuta (DC.) Godr.; Fl. Lorraine 3: 192 (1844)
= Elymus athericus f. setigerus (Dumort.) Stace; Edinburgh J. Bot. 76(2): 178 (2018)
= Elymus pungens subsp. pycnanthus (Godr.) O.Bolòs & Vigo; Fl. Països Catalans 4: 440 (2001)
= Elymus pycnanthus (Godr.) Melderis; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 76(4): 378 (1978)
= Elymus pycnanthus var. setiger (Dumort.) Melderis; Watsonia 14(4): 393 (1983)
= Elymus ×acutus (DC.) M.-A.Thiébaud; Candollea 42(1): 340 (1987)
= Elytrigia atherica (Link) Carreras ex Kerguélen; Lejeunia, 120: 86 (1987)
= Elytrigia atherica f. setigera (Dumort.) Stace; Watsonia 27(4): 369 (2009)
= Elytrigia littoralis (Dumort.) Hyl.; Nomencl. u. Syst. Stud. Nord. Gefasspfi. (Uppsala Univ. Arsskr., No. 7) 36(1945)
= Elytrigia pycnantha (Godr.) Á.Löve; Taxon, 29(2-3): 351 (1980)
= Elytrigia pycnantha (Godr.) Rauschert; Feddes Repert. 93(1-2): 17 (1982), isonym
= Elytrigia ×acuta (DC.) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 10: 32 (1973)
= Psammopyrum athericum (Link) Á.Löve; Veröff. Geobot. Inst. Rübel 87: 50 (1986)
= Thinopyrum pycnanthum (Godr.) Barkworth; Phytologia 83(4): 304 (1997 publ. 1998)
= Thinopyrum ×acutum (DC.) Banfi; Nat. Hist. Sci. 5(2): 59 (2018)
= Triticum acutum var. megastachyum Fr.; Novit. Fl. Suec. Mant. 3: 13 (1842)
= Triticum athericum Link; Linnaea 17: 395 (1844)
= Triticum duplicatum Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 344 (1854)
= Triticum junceum subsp. acutum (DC.) Hook.f.; 454 (1870)
= Triticum junceum var. acutum (DC.) Gill. & Magne; 469 (1863)
= Triticum litorale Host; Icon. Descr. Gram. Austriac. 4: 5 (1809), nom. illeg.
= Triticum pycnanthum Godr.; Mem. Soc. Emul. Doubs, Ser. II. 5: 10 (1854)
= Triticum pycnanthum var. macrostachyum Godr.; 10 (1854)
= Triticum repens subsp. acutum (DC.) Moore & More; 358 (1866)
= Triticum repens var. acutum (DC.) Jess.; 554 (1879)
= Triticum repens var. litorale (Host) Mutel; Fl. Franç. 4: 146 (1837)
= Triticum ×acutum DC.; Cat. Hort. Monsp. (1813) 153
= Triticum ×laxum var. microstachyum Andersson; Pl. Scand. 2: 3 (1852)
species :
Elymus atratus (Nevski) Hand.-Mazz.; Symb. Sin. Pt. vII. 1292 (1936)
Distribution: China (Gansu, Qinghai, Sichuan, Xinjiang); Tibet
36 CHI TIB
Synonyms: hidden
= Clinelymus atratus Nevski; Bull. Jard. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS 30: 644 (1931 publ. 1932)
species :
Elymus bakeri (E.E.Nelson) Á.Löve; Taxon 29(1): 167 (1980)
Name: Baker´s wheatgrass
Distribution: USA (S-Montana, NE-Utah, Colorado, N-New Mexico)
73 USA 76 USA 77 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron bakeri E.E.Nelson; Bot. Gaz. 38: 378 (1904)
= Agropyron trachycaulum var. bakeri (E.E.Nelson) B.Boivin; Naturaliste Canad. 94: 520 (1967)
= Elymus trachycaulus subsp. bakeri (E.E.Nelson) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95(7-8): 460 (1984)
species :
Elymus barbicallus (Ohwi) S.L.Chen; Bull. Nanjing Bot. Gard. Mem. Sun Yat Sen, 1987: 9 (1987 publ. 1988)
Distribution: China (Hebei, Nei Mongol)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron barbicallum Ohwi; Acta Phytotax. & Geobot., Kyoto 11: 257 (1942)
= Elymus barbicallus var. pubifolius (Keng) S.L.Chen; Novon 7: 227 (1997)
= Elymus barbicallus var. pubinodis (Keng) S.L.Chen; Novon 7: 227 (1997)
= Elymus pubinodis Keng; Sunyatsenia 6: 85 (1941)
= Leymus pubinodis (Keng) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95(7-8): 481 (1984)
= Roegneria barbicalla (Ohwi) Keng & S.L.Chen; J. Nanjing Univ. (Biol.) 1963(1): 23 (1963)
= Roegneria barbicalla var. breviseta Keng & S.L.Chen; J. Nanjing Univ. (Biol.) 3(1): 24 (1963)
= Roegneria barbicalla var. pubifolia Keng; J. Nanjing Univ. (Biol.) 1963(1): 25 (1963)
= Roegneria barbicalla var. pubinodis Keng; Keng & S. L. Chen, J. Nanj. Univ. (Biol.) 1: 24 (1963)
species :
Elymus barystachyus L.B.Cai; Acta Bot. Bor.-Occid. Sin. 13(1): 70 (1993)
Distribution: China (Qinghai, Sichuan); Tibet
36 CHI TIB
species :
Elymus borianus (Melderis) Cope; Fl. Pakistan, 143: 617 (1982)
Distribution: Pakistan (Chitral, Swat); India (Jammu & Kashmir)
40 IND PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron borianum Melderis; Bor, Grasses Myanmar, Ceyl., Ind. & Pakist. 690 (1960)
= Elymus borianus (Melderis) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95(7-8): 454 (1984), isonym
= Roegneria boriana (Melderis) J.L.Yang & B.Rong Lu; Canad. J. Bot. 69(2): 287 (1991)
species :
Elymus brevipes (Keng & S.L.Chen) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95(7-8): 467 (1984)
Distribution: China (Qinghai, Sichuan, Xinjiang); Tibet
36 CHI TIB
Synonyms: hidden
= Elymus brevipes (Keng & S.L.Chen) S.L.Chen; Fl. China 22: 417 (2006), isonym
= Roegneria breviglumis var. brevipes (Keng & S.L.Chen) L.B.Cai; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 34: 160 (1997)
= Roegneria brevipes Keng & S.L.Chen; J. Nanjing Univ. (Biol.) 1963(1): 49 (1963)
species :
Elymus burchan-buddae (Nevski) Tzvelev; Akad. Nauk SSSR Bot. Inst. Komarova, Rast. Tsentral. Azii, Fasc. 4, 220(1968)
Distribution: China (Gansu, Nei Mongol, Qinghai, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Yunnan); Tibet
36 CHI TIB
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron burchan-buddae Nevski; Bull. Jard. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS 30: 514 (1931 publ. 1932)
= Agropyron nutans Keng; Sunyatsenia 6: 63 (1941)
= Elymus breviglumis (Keng & S.L.Chen) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95: 467 (1984)
= Elymus pseudonutans Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95(7-8): 467 (1984) [nom. nov.
= Roegneria breviglumis Keng & S.L.Chen; J. Nanjing Univ. (Biol.) 1963(1): 48 (1963)
= Roegneria burchan-buddae (Nevski) B.S.Sun; Fl. Yunnan. 0,6625 (2003)
= Roegneria nutans (Keng) Keng & S.L.Chen; J. Nanjing Univ. (Biol.) 1963(1): 48 (1963)
species :
Elymus buschianus (Roshev.) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 9: 61 (1972)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus] (Abkhazia, Racha-Lechkhumi, Shiga Kartli)
33 GEO NCS
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron buschianum Roshev.; Bull. Jard. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS 30: 301 (1931 publ. 1932)
= Roegneria buschiana (Roshev.) Nevski; Kom., Fl. URSS 2: 620 (1934)
species :
Elymus cacuminis B.Rong Lu & B.Salomon; Nordic J. Bot. 13: 355, f. 1 (1993)
Distribution: China (Sichuan); Tibet; N-India (Sikkim)
36 CHI TIB 40 IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Roegneria cacuminis (B.Rong Lu & B.Salomon) L.B.Cai; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 35(2): 160 (1997)
species :
Elymus caesifolius Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95(7-8): 448 (1984), nom. nov.
Distribution: Tibet
36 TIB
Synonyms: hidden
= Roegneria glaucifolia Keng ex Keng & S.L.Chen; J. Nanjing Univ. (Nat. Sci.) 3: 57 (1963), not Elymus glaucifolius Willd., Enum. Pl. 131 (1809)
= Elymus caesifolius Á.Löve ex S.L.Chen; Fl. China 22: 412 (2006)
species :
Elymus caianus S.L.Chen & G.H.Zhu; Novon 12: 425 (2002), nom. nov.
Distribution: Tibet
36 TIB
Synonyms: hidden
= Roegneria gracilis L.B.Cai; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 34(3): 328 (1996), not Elymus gracilis Phil. (1864).
species :
Elymus calderi Barkworth; Syst. Bot. 21(3): 353 (1996 publ. 1997)
Name: Yukon wheatgrass
Distribution: Alaska; Canada (Yukon, N.W.T., N-British Columbia); USA (S-Wyoming, Iowa [I], Massachusetts [I])
70 ASK CDN 71 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA
species :
Elymus californicus (Bol. ex Thurb.) Gould; Madrono 9(4): 127 (1947)
Name: California bottlebrush grass
Distribution: USA (W-California)
76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Asperella californica (Bol. ex Thurb.) Beal; Grasses N. Amer. 2: 657 (1896)
= Asprella californica Benth. ex Beal; Grasses N. Amer. 2: 657 (1896) [nom. inval.]
= Gymnostichum californicum Bol. ex Thurb.; Bot. California 2: 327 (1880)
= Hystrix californica (Bol. ex Thurb.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 778 (1891)
= Leymus californicus (Bol. ex Thurb.) Barkworth; Sida 22(1): 498 (2006)
= Macrohystrix californica (Bol. ex Thurb.) Tzvelev & Prob.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 95(6): 858 (2010)
species :
Elymus campestris (Godr. & Gren.) Kerguélen; Lejeunia, 110: 57 (1983)
Name: Feld-Quecke (DE)
Distribution: Germany (Baden-Württemberg, Bayern [I], Hessen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Saarland [I]); Portugal; Spain; NW-France; Greece
11 GER 12 FRA POR SPA 13 GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron balearicum Bianor; Butl. Inst. Catalana Hist. Nat. 17: 141 (1917)
= Agropyron caesium proles koeleri Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 14: 319 (1913)
= Agropyron caesium subsp. koeleri (Rouy) Rouy; Consp. Fl. France: 295 (1927)
= Agropyron campestre Godr. & Gren.; Gren. & Godr., Fl. France 3: 607 (1855)
= Agropyron godronii Kerguélen; Lejeunia, n.s., 75: 298 (1975), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Agropyron intermedium subsp. campestre (Godr. & Gren.) Vollm.; Fl. Bayern: 91 (1914)
= Agropyron intermedium var. campestre (Godr. & Gren.) Hegi; Ill. Fl. Mitt.-Eur. 1: 386 (1907)
= Agropyron ligericinum Rouy; G. Rouy & J. Foucaud, Fl. France 14: 322 (1913), pro syn.
= Agropyron maritimum (Koch & Ziz) Jansen & Wacht.; Fl. Neerl. 1(2): 116 (1951), nom. illeg.
= Agropyron repens subsp. campestre (Godr. & Gren.) Corb.; Nouv. Fl. Normandie: 660 (1894)
= Agropyron repens subsp. campestre (Godr. & Gren.) Douin; Bonnier & Douin, 64 (1934), isonym
= Agropyron repens var. koeleri (Rouy) P.Fourn.; Quatre Fl. France: 90 (1934)
= Agropyron repens var. maritimum (Koch & Ziz) Grecescu; Consp. Fl. Roman.: 637 (1898)
= Elymus campestris subsp. maritimus (Tzvelev) Lambinon; Nouv. Fl. Belg., Grand-Duché Luxemb., Nord France, ed. 5: 1047 (2004)
= Elymus pungens subsp. campestris (Godr. & Gren.) Melderis; Bot. Jour. Linn. Soc. 76: 380 (1978)
= Elytrigia campestris (Godr. & Gren.) M.A.Carreras ex Kerguélen; Lejeunia, n.s., 120: 86 (1987)
= Elytrigia campestris subsp. maritima (Tzvelev) H.Scholz; Bull. Soc. Échange Pl. Vasc. Eur. Occid. Bassin Médit. 27: 102 (1998), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Elytrigia godronii (Kerguélen) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 12(4): 426 (1977)
= Elytrigia intermedia subsp. campestris (Godr. & Gren.) Dostál; Folia Mus. Rer. Nat. Bohem. Occid., Bot. 21: 16 (1984)
= Elytrigia maritima (Koch & Ziz) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 1: 28 (1964)
= Elytrigia pungens subsp. campestris (Gren. & Godr.) Á.Löve; Taxon, 29(2-3): 350 (1980)
= Elytrigia repens subsp. koeleri (Rouy) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 28: 107 (1993)
= Elytrigia repens var. maritima (Koch & Ziz) Hyl.; Bot. Not. 1953: 357 (1953), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Psammopyrum pungens subsp. campestre (Gren. & Godr.) Á.Löve; Veröff. Geobot. Inst. Rübel 87: 50 (1986)
= Triticum campestre (Gren. & Godr.) Nyman; Syll. Fl. Eur., Suppl.: 74 (1865), nom. illeg.
= Triticum intermedium subsp. campestre (Godr. & Gren.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 841 (1882)
= Triticum repens var. maritimum W.D.J.Koch & Ziz; Cat. Pl. Palat.: 5, 17 (1814), nom. illeg.
species :
Elymus canadensis L.; Sp. Pl. 83 (1753)
Name: Canada wildrye (EN), Kanadische Quecke (DE)
Distribution: N-Europe [I]; Germany [I]; Azerbaijan [I]; Canada (British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario, Québec, New Brunswick); USA (Washington, Oregon, California, Nevada, Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, Utah, Colorado, Arizona, New Mexico, North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, Kansas, Oklahoma, Texas, Minnesota, Iowa, Missouri, Arkansas, Louisiana, Wisconsin, Illinois, Michigan, Indiana, Ohio, Kentucky, Tennessee, N-Mississippi, South Carolina, North Carolina, West Virginia, Virginia, Maryland, Delaware, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, New York, Vermont, New Hampshire, Connecticut, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Maine); Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo León, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Sonora, Veracruz)
11 ger 33 aze 71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Clinelymus canadensis (L.) Nevski; Izv. Bot. Sada Akad. Nauk SSSR 30: 650 (1932)
= Elymus brachystachys Scribn. & C.R.Ball; Bull. Div. Agrostol. U.S.D.A. 24: 47 (1900)
= Elymus canadensis f. crescendus Ramaley; Minnesota Bot. Stud. 1: 114 (1894)
= Elymus canadensis f. glaucifolius (Muhl. ex Willd.) Fernald; Rhodora 35: 191 (1933)
= Elymus canadensis var. albanensis Lepage; Nat. Canada 79: 177-184 (1952)
= Elymus canadensis var. brachystachys (Scribn. & C.R.Ball) Farw.; Rep. (Annual) Michigan Acad. Sci. 21: 357 (1920)
= Elymus canadensis var. glaucifolius (Muhl. ex Willd.) Torr.; Fl. N. Middle United States 1: 137 (1823), isonym
= Elymus canadensis var. glaucifolius (Muhl. ex Willd.) Trevir.; Index Seminum (WROCL, Wratislaviensi) 1818: 3 (1818)
= Elymus canadensis var. hirsutus (Farw.) Dorn; Vasc. Pl. Wyoming: 298 (1988)
= Elymus canadensis var. pendulus Eaton & Wright; Man. Bot (ed. 8) 232 (1840)
= Elymus canadensis var. philadelphicus (L.) Farw.; Rep. Michigan Acad. Sci. 21: 357 (1920)
= Elymus canadensis var. robustus (Scribn. & J.G.Sm.) Mack. & Bush; Man. Fl. Jacks. County 38 (1902)
= Elymus canadensis var. villosus Bates; Amer. Bot. (Binghamton) 20: 17 (1914)
= Elymus crescendus (Ramaley) C.F.Wheeler; Minnesota Bot. Stud. 3: 106 (1903)
= Elymus glaucifolius Muhl. ex Willd.; Enum. Pl. 1: 131 (1809)
= Elymus glaucifolius var. crescendus (Ramaley) Bush; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 10: 83 (1926)
= Elymus glaucifolius var. robustus (Scribn. & J.G.Sm.) Bush; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 10: 87 (1926)
= Elymus philadelphicus L.; Cent. Pl. I 1: 6 (1755)
= Elymus philadelphicus var. brachystachys (Scribn. & C.R.Ball) Farw.; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 10: 314 (1927)
= Elymus philadelphicus var. hirsutus Farw.; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 10: 314 (1927)
= Elymus philadelphicus var. pendulus (Eaton & Wright) Farw.; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 10: 314 (1927)
= Elymus philadelphicus var. robustus (Scribn. & J.G.Sm.) Farw.; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 10: 314 (1927)
= Elymus robustus Scribn. & J.G.Sm.; Bull. Div. Agrostol. U.S.D.A. 4: 37 (1897)
= Elymus robustus var. vestitus Wiegand; Rhodora 20: 90 (1918)
= Hordeum canadense (L.) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2: 745 (1902)
= Hordeum patulum Moench; Methodus 199 (1794) [nom. illeg. superfl.]
= Roegneria canadensis (L.) Hyl.; Hyl., Nord. Karlvaxtfl. 1: 381 (1953), et in Bot. Notiser 358 (1953)
= Sitanion brodiei Piper; Erythea 7: 100 (1899)
= Terrellia canadensis (L.) Lunell; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 4: 228 (1915)
= Terrellia canadensis var. glaucifolia (Muhl. ex Willd.) Lunell; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 4: 228 (1915)
species :
Elymus caninus (L.) L.; Fl. Suec. ed. 2, 39 (1755)
Name: Hunds-Quecke (DE), Bearded wheatgrass (EN)
Distribution: Iceland; England; Ireland; Denmark; Norway; Sweden; Finland; Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; Andorra; France; Channel Isl.; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Malta; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece; Belarus; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; N-European Russia; W-European Russia; Ukraine; Crimea; Siberia (Altai, Buryatia, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva, W-Siberia, Yakutia); Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Iran; Afghanistan; China (Xinjiang); Pakistan (Baluchistan); NW-India (Jammu & Kashmir); USA [I] (Oregon [I], Washington State [I])
10 DEN FIN GRB ICE IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 ADO CIS COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS MLT MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SRB TUE 14 BLR KRY RUS UKR 30 SIB 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG IRN IRQ TUR 36 CHI 40 IND PAK 73 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron abchazicum Woronow; Vestn. Tiflissk. Bot. Sada 22: 2 (1912)
= Agropyron alpinum Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 810 (1866), pro syn.
= Agropyron biflorum (Brign.) Roem. & Schult.; Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis] 2: 760 (1817)
= Agropyron caninum (L.) P.Beauv.; Ess. Agrostogr. 102, 146 (1812)
= Agropyron caninum f. coloratum Montell; Memoranda Soc. Fauna Fl. Fenn. 26: 111 (1951)
= Agropyron caninum f. muticum Holmb.; Bot. Not. 1926: 185 (1926)
= Agropyron caninum f. subglaucum Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 17: 119 (1971 publ. 1972)
= Agropyron caninum f. submuticum (Peterm.) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 17: 119 (1971 publ. 1972)
= Agropyron caninum subsp. biflorum (Brign.) Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital.: 801 (1882)
= Agropyron caninum subsp. biflorum (Brign.) K.Richt.; 123 (1890), isonym
= Agropyron caninum subsp. majus (Parl.) K.Richt.; 123 (1890)
= Agropyron caninum subsp. pseudocaninum (Schur) K.Richt.; 123 (1890)
= Agropyron caninum subsp. subtriflorum (Parl.) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 123 (1890)
= Agropyron caninum var. alpinum Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 810 (1866)
= Agropyron caninum var. asperum Opiz; Bercht. & Opiz, Oekon.-Techn. Fl. Böhm. 1(2): 399 (1836)
= Agropyron caninum var. behmii (Melderis) B.Nord.; Svensk Bot. Tidskr. 66: 32 (1972)
= Agropyron caninum var. biflorum (Brign.) Parl.; Fl. Ital. 1: 495 (1850)
= Agropyron caninum var. biflorum Opiz; Lotos 3: 64 (1853), nom. illeg.
= Agropyron caninum var. dominii Rohlena; Veda Prír. 18: 118 (1932)
= Agropyron caninum var. flexuosum (Harz) Hegi; 383 (1908)
= Agropyron caninum var. glabrum Opiz; Bercht. & Opiz, Oekon.-Techn. Fl. Böhm. 1(2): 399 (1836)
= Agropyron caninum var. glaucum Thuill. ex Chevall.; Fl. Gén. Env. Paris 2: 193 (1827)
= Agropyron caninum var. gracile Lange; Haandb. Danske Fl.: 48 (1851)
= Agropyron caninum var. gracilius Lange; Haandb. Danske Fl.: 48 (1851)
= Agropyron caninum var. majus Baumg.; Enum. Stirp. Transsilv. 3: 268 (1816)
= Agropyron caninum var. maximum Schur; 182 (1850), nom. inval.
= Agropyron caninum var. pauciflorum Schur ex Volkart; Hegi, Ill. Fl. Mitt.-Eur. 1: 383 (1908)
= Agropyron caninum var. pauciflorum Volkart; Hegi, Ill. Fl. Mitt.-Eur. 1: 383 (1908)
= Agropyron caninum var. rigidum Foucaud; Bull. Soc. Bot. Rochelaise 14: 35 (1893)
= Agropyron caninum var. subrepens Callay; Cat. Pl. Départ. Ardennes: 436 (1900)
= Agropyron caninum var. subtriflorum Parl.; Fl. Ital. 1: 495 (1850)
= Agropyron caninum var. tenue Opiz; Bercht. & Opiz, Oekon.-Techn. Fl. Böhm. 1(2): 399 (1836)
= Agropyron caninum var. triflorum Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 810 (1866)
= Agropyron caninum var. ustulatum Roem. & Schult.; Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis]. 2: 756 (1817)
= Agropyron donianum F.B.White; Scott. Naturalist (Perth) 10: 232 (1890)
= Agropyron pauciflorum Schur; Verh. Mitth. Siebenbürg. Vereins Naturwiss. Hermannstadt 10: 77 (1859)
= Agropyron pseudocaninum Schur; Verh. Mitth. Siebenbürg. Vereins Naturwiss. Hermannstadt 4: 91 (1853), pro syn.
= Agropyron rupestre (Fisch. ex Link) Schult.; Mant. 2: 409 (1824)
= Agropyron sepium (Lam.) P.Beauv.; Ess. Agrostogr.: 102 (1812)
= Brachypodium biflorum (Brign.) Kunth; Enum. Pl. 1: 543 (1833)
= Brachypodium caninum (L.) F.Herm. ex Lindm.; Svensk. Fanerogamfl. 104 (1918)
= Braconotia canina (L.) Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, n. s. 17: 189 (1869)
= Braconotia elymoides Godr.; Fl. Lorraine 3: 193 (1844), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Elymus caninus subsp. biflorus (Brign.) Á.Löve & D.Löve; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 10: 274 (1975)
= Elymus caninus subsp. donianus (F.B.White) P.D.Seil; P. D. Seil & G. Murrell, Fl. Great Britain & Ireland 5: 363 (1996)
= Elymus caninus var. behmii (Melderis) Jaaska; Izv. Akad. Nauk Éstonsk. S.S.R., Ser. Biol. 23: 5 (1974)
= Elymus caninus var. behmii (Melderis) Karlsson; Svensk Bot. Tidskr. 91(5): 249 (1997 publ. 1998), isonym
= Elymus caninus var. donianus (F.B.White) Jaaska; Eesti NSV Tead. Akad. Toim., Biol. 23(1): 5 (1974)
= Elymus caninus var. donianus (F.B.White) Melderis; Melderis & D. C. McClint., 392 (1983)
= Elymus caninus var. major Roth; Tent. Fl. Germ. 2(1): 151 (1789)
= Elymus caninus var. muticus (Holmb.) Karlsson; Svensk Bot. Tidskr. 97: 194 (2003)
= Elymus donianus (F.B.White) Á.Löve & D.Löve; Taxon 13: 201 (1964)
= Elymus helveticus Schmid-Holl.; Bauhinia 23: 17 (2011)
= Elymus longispicatus Kotukhov; Turczaninowia 2(4): 7 (1999)
= Elymus pauciflorus Lam.; Tabl. Encycl. 1: 207 (1792)
= Elymus trachycaulus subsp. donianus (F.B.White) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95(7-8): 461 (1984)
= Elytrigia canina (L.) Drobow; Fl. Uzbekist., ed. Schreder 1: 285. 539 (1941), in obs.
= Festuca nutans Moench; Methodus: 191 (1794)
= Goulardia biflora (Brign.) Husn.; Graminées: 83 (1899)
= Goulardia canina (L.) Husn.; Gram. Fr. Belg. 83 (1899)
= Roegneria behmii Melderis; Hyl., Nord. Karlvaxtfl. 1: 376 (1953), sine descr. lat., et in Bot.-Notiser 358 (1953)
= Roegneria canina (L.) Nevski; Trudy Bot. Inst. Akad. Nauk SSSR., Ser. 1, Fl. Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 1: 24 (1933)
= Roegneria canina var. glauca (Hack. ex Celak.) Prokh.; Trudy Bot. Inst. Kharkov Univ. 3: 162 (1938)
= Roegneria doniana (F.B.White) Melderis; Svensk Bot. Tidskr. 44: 157 (1950)
= Roegneria tuskaulensis Vassilcz.; Bot. Mater. Gerb. Bot. Inst. Komarova Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R. 15: 36 (1953)
= Triticum alpestre Brügger; Jahresber. Naturf. Ges. Graubündens, n.s., 31(Beil.): 205 (1887-1888 publ. 1888)
= Triticum alpinum G.Don ex Mitt.; London J. Bot. 7: 533 (1848), pro syn.
= Triticum biflorum Brign.; Fasc. Rar. Pl.: 18 (1810)
= Triticum caninum f. dasyrrhachis (Celak.) Junge; Gramin. Schlesw.-Host.: 293 (1913)
= Triticum caninum f. gracilius (Lange) Neuman; Sver. Fl.: 726 (1901)
= Triticum caninum L.; Sp. Pl. 86 (1753), nom. cons. prop.
= Triticum caninum subsp. alpestre Killias; Jahresber. Naturf. Ges. Graubündens, n.s. 31: 205 (1888)
= Triticum caninum subsp. biflorum (Brign.) F.Herm.; 78 (1912)
= Triticum caninum subsp. gracilius (Lange) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 643 (1901)
= Triticum caninum var. biflorum Blytt; Norges Fl. 1: 165 (1861)
= Triticum caninum var. dasyrrhachis Celak.; Sitzungsber. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss., Math.-Naturwiss. Cl. 1887: 621 (1888)
= Triticum caninum var. gracilius (Lange) Zapal.; Consp. Fl. Gallic. Crit. 1: 79 (1904)
= Triticum caninum var. lapponicum Laest.; Bot. Not. 1856: 76 (1856)
= Triticum caninum var. montanum Laest.; Bot. Not. 1856: 76 (1856)
= Triticum caninum var. nemorale Laest.; Bot. Not. 1856: 76 (1856)
= Triticum caninum var. pseudocaninum (Schur) Simonk.; Enum. Fl. Transsilv.: 594 (1887)
= Triticum caninum var. variegatum Laest.; Bot. Not. 1856: 76 (1856)
= Triticum donianum (F.B.White) Wilmott; C. C. Babington, Man. Brit. Bot., ed. 10: 511 (1922)
= Triticum pseudocaninum Porcius; Anal. Acad. Romane, Ser. II. 14: 315 (1892)
= Triticum repens subsp. biflorum (Brign.) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 653 (1901)
= Triticum rupestre Fisch. ex Link; Enum. Hort. Berol. Alt. 1: 98 (1821)
= Triticum sepium Lam.; Fl. Franç. 3: 629 (1779)
= Triticum submuticum Peterm.; Anal. Pfl.-Schlüss.: 567 (1846)
= Zeia biflora (Brign.) Lunell; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 4: 226 (1915)
= Zeia canina (L.) Lunell; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 4: 226 (1915)
species :
Elymus caucasicus (K.Koch) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 9: 61 (1972)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Iran (N-Iran)
33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron caucasicum (K.Koch) Grossh.; Trud. Bot. Inst. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Azerb. Fil., Baku, 8/48 (Fl. Kavkaza, 1): 327 (1939)
= Agropyron roegneri (Griseb.) Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 5: 662 (1884)
= Roegneria caucasica K.Koch; Linnaea 21: 413 (1848)
= Roegneria linczevskii Czopanov; Novit. Syst. Pl. Vasc., Acad. Sci. URSS 6: 24 (1970)
= Triticum roegneri Griseb.; C. F. von Ledeb., Fl. Ross. 4: 339 (1852)
species :
Elymus cheniae (L.B.Cai) D.F.Cui; Novon 12: 426 (2002)
Distribution: China (Xinjiang)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Roegneria cheniae L.B.Cai; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 34(3): 333 (1996)
species :
Elymus churchii J.J.N.Campb.; Sida 22(1): 486 (2006)
Distribution: USA (Arkansas: Conway Co.)
78 USA
species :
Elymus ciliaris (Trin.) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 9: 61 (1972)
Distribution: Russian Far East (Khabarovsk, Primorye); China (throughout); North Korea; South Korea; Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu); India (Arunachal Pradesh, Bihar)
31 RFE 36 CHI 38 JAP KOR NKO 40 IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron amurense Drobow; Trav. Mus. Bot. Acad. Petersb. 12: 50 (1914)
= Agropyron ciliare (Trin.) Franch.; Nouv. Arch. Mus. Hist. Nat., Paris, Ser. 2, 7: (Pl. David.) 151 (1884)
= Agropyron ciliare f. macilentum (Honda) Ohwi; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 10: 97 (1941)
= Agropyron ciliare f. mite (Honda) Ohwi; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 10: 97 (1941)
= Agropyron ciliare f. okuyamae Ohwi; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 10: 96 (1941)
= Agropyron ciliare subsp. amurense (Drobow) T.Koyama; Grasses of Japan & Neighbour. Regions: 483 (1987)
= Agropyron ciliare subsp. minor (Miq.) T.Koyama; Grasses of Japan & Neighbour. Regions: 483 (1987)
= Agropyron ciliare var. integrum Keng; Fl. Ill. Pl. Prim. Sin., Gram.: 366 (1965)
= Agropyron ciliare var. minor (Miq.) Ohwi; Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus. Tokyo 33: 67 (1953)
= Agropyron ciliare var. pilosum (Korsh.) Honda; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 41: 382 (1927)
= Agropyron integrum (Keng) Keng; Sinensia 11: 411 1940 11: 411 (1940)
= Agropyron japonense var. macilentum Honda; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 50: 571 (1936)
= Agropyron mite Honda; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 49: 699 (1935)
= Agropyron racemiferum (Steud.) Koidz.; Fl. Symb. Orient.-Asiat.: 79 (1930)
= Agropyron semicostatum var. ciliare (Trin.) Hack.; Bull. Herb. Boissier, II 3: 506 (1903)
= Agropyron semicostatum var. hispidum Hack. ex T.Mori; Enum. Pl. Corea: 36 (1922)
= Brachypodium chinense S.Moore; J. Bot. 13: 230 (1875)
= Brachypodium ciliare (Trin.) Maxim.; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 54(1): 71 (1879)
= Bromus conformis Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 323 (1854)
= Bromus racemifer Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 323 (1854)
= Elymus amurensis (Drobow) Czerep.; Sosud. Rast. SSSR: 348 (1981)
= Elymus ciliaris subsp. amurensis (Drobow) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 9: 61 (1972)
= Elymus ciliaris subsp. integris (Keng) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95: 459 (1984), no basionym ref.
= Elymus ciliaris var. amurensis (Drobow) S.L.Chen; Novon 7(3): 228 (1997)
= Elymus racemifer (Steud.) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 11: 72 (1974)
= Roegneria amurensis (Drobow) Nevski; Kom., Fl. URSS 2: 606 (1934)
= Roegneria ciliaris (Trin.) Nevski; Acta Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS, Ser. I. Fasc. 1, 14 (1933), in obs., et in Komarov, Fl. URSS 2: 607 (1934)
= Roegneria ciliaris f. eriocaulis Kitag.; Rep. Inst. Sci. Res. Manchoukuo 2: 274 (1938)
= Roegneria ciliaris subsp. amurensis (Drobow) Y.H.Zhou, H.Q.Yu & X.H.Wei; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 45(2): 120 (2008)
= Roegneria ciliaris var. pilosa (Korsh.) Ohwi; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 10: 97 (1941), pro syn.
= Roegneria racemifera (Steud.) Kitag.; J. Jap. Bot. 42: 220 (1967)
= Triticum ciliare f. pilosum Korsh.; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 12: 414 (1892)
= Triticum ciliare Trin.; Bunge, Enum. Pl. China Bor.: 72 (1833)
variant :
var. glaberrimus A.V.Agaf. & Kobozeva; Botanica Pacifica 12(1): 148 (2022)
Distribution: Russian Far East
31 RFE
variant :
var. hackelianus (Honda) G.H.Zhu & S.L.Chen; Fl. China 22: 409 (2006)
Distribution: China (Anhui, Beijing, Fujian, Guizhou, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang); North Korea; South Korea; Japan
36 CHI 38 JAP KOR NKO
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron ciliare f. hackelianum (Honda) Y.N.Lee; Man. Korean Grasses: 100 (1966)
= Agropyron ciliare f. japonense (Honda) Ohwi; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 10: 97 (1941)
= Agropyron ciliare var. hackelianum (Honda) Ohwi; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 10: 97 (1941)
= Agropyron ciliare var. hondae Keng; Contr. Biol. Lab. Sci. Soc. China, Bot. Ser. 10: 187 (1936), nom. nud.
= Agropyron ciliare var. pauperum Keng; Contr. Biol. Lab. Sci. Soc. China, Bot. Ser. 10: 187 (1936)
= Agropyron hackelianum (Honda) Beetle; J. Amer. Soc. Agron. 37: 320 (1942)
= Agropyron japonense Honda; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 49: 698 (1935)
= Agropyron japonense var. hackelianum (Honda) Honda; , Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 41: 385 (1927)
= Agropyron japonicum (Miq.) P.Candargy; Étude Monogr. Hordées: 42 (1901)
= Agropyron japonicum Honda; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 41: 384 (1927), nom. nud.
= Agropyron japonicum var. hackelianum Honda; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 41: 384 (1927), species not validly publ.
= Brachypodium japonicum Miq.; Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 2: 286 (1866)
= Brachypodium japonicum var. minus Miq.; Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 2: 175 (1866)
= Elymus ciliaris subsp. japonicus Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95(7-8): 459 (1984) [nom. nov.]
= Elymus ciliaris var. japonensis (Honda) S.L.Chen; Novon 7(3): 228 (1997)
= Elymus racemifer var. japonensis (Honda) Osada; Illustr. Grasses of Japan: 738 (1989)
= Roegneria ciliaris var. hackeliana (Honda) L.B.Cai; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 35: 176 (1997)
= Roegneria ciliaris var. japonensis (Honda) C.Yen, J.L.Yang & B.Rong Lu; Acta Bot. Yunnan. 10: 269 (1988)
= Roegneria hackeliana (Honda) Nakai; Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus. Tokyo 31: 141 (1952)
= Roegneria japonensis (Honda) Keng & S.L.Chen; J. Nanjing Univ. (Biol.) 1963(1): 63 (1963)
= Roegneria japonensis var. hackeliana (Honda) Keng & S.L.Chen; Acta Univ. Nankin. Sci. Nat. 1: 63 (1963)
= Roegneria japonica B.S.Sun; Fl. Yunnanica 9: 417 (2003), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Roegneria racemifera var. hackeliana (Honda) Kitag.; J. Jap. Bot. 42: 221 (1967)
variant :
var. hirtiflorus (C.P.Wang & H.L.Yang) S.L.Chen; Novon 7(3): 228 (1997)
Distribution: China (Nei Mongol)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Elymus sinohirtiflorus S.L.Chen; Bull. Nanjing Bot. Gard. Mem. Sun Yat Sen, 1987: 9 (1987 publ. 1988) [nom. nov. superfl.
= Roegneria amurensis var. hirtiflora (C.P.Wang & H.L.Yang) L.B.Cai
= Roegneria hirtiflora C.P.Wang & H.L.Yang; Bull. Bot. Res. North-East. Forest. Inst. 4(4): 86 (1984)
variant :
var. lasiophyllus (Kitag.) S.L.Chen; Fl. China 22: 409 (2006)
Distribution: China (Gansu, Hebei, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron ciliare var. lasiophyllum Kitag.; Rep. First. Sci. Exp. Manch. Sect. IV. Pt. 4: 60, 98 (1936)
= Elymus ciliaris var. lasiophyllus (Kitag.) Kitag.; Rep. Inst. Sci. Res. Manchoukuo 2: 285 (1938)
= Roegneria ciliaris var. lasiophylla (Kitag.) Kitag.; Rep. Inst. Sci. Res. Manch 2: 285 (1938)
variant :
var. pubifolius A.V.Agaf. & Kobozeva; Botanica Pacifica 12(1): 147 (2022)
Distribution: Russian Far East
31 RFE
variant :
var. submuticus (Honda) S.L.Chen; Novon 7(3): 228 (1997)
Distribution: China (Anhui, Hebei, Shaanxi, Shandong, Zhejiang); Japan
36 CHI 38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron ciliare f. submuticum (Honda) Ohwi; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 10: 96 (1941)
= Agropyron ciliare var. submuticum Honda; J. Fac. Univ. Tokyo III. Bot. 3: 27 (1930)
= Roegneria ciliaris var. submutica (Honda) Keng & S.L.Chen; Acta Univ. Nankin. Sci. Nat. 1: 62 (1963)
species :
Elymus clivorum Melderis; Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 42: 77 (1984)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Elytrigia clivorum (Melderis) Valdés & H.Scholz; Willdenowia 36(2): 661 (2006)
species :
Elymus colorans (Melderis) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95(7-8): 457 (1984)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Parwan)
34 AFG
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron colorans Melderis; K. Danske Vid. Selsk., Biol. Skrift. 14: No. 4 (Symb. Afgh. VI.) 85(1965)
species :
Elymus confusus (Roshev.) Tzvelev; Akad. Nauk SSSR Bot. Inst. Komarova, Rast. Tsentral. Azii, Fasc. 4, 22 (1968)
Distribution: Siberia (Buryatia, Chita, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva, Yakutia); Russian Far East (Amur, Kamchatka, Khabarovsk, Kuril Isl., Magadan, Primorye, Sakhalin); Mongolia
30 SIB 31 RFE 37 MON
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron confusum Roshev.; Not. Syst. Herb. Hort. Petrop. 5: 150 (1924)
= Agropyron confusum var. pruinosum Roshev.; Trudy Glavn. Bot. Sada 29: 151 (1924)
= Agropyron confusum var. pubiflorum Roshev.; Trudy Glavn. Bot. Sada 29: 151 (1924)
= Elymus boreoochotensis A.P.Khokhr.; Byull. Glavn. Bot. Sada (Moscow), 109: 25 (1978)
= Elymus confusus subsp. pilosifolius A.P.Khokhr.; Byull. Glavn. Bot. Sada (Moscow), 109: 26 (1978)
= Elymus confusus var. breviaristatus (Keng) S.L.Chen; Novon 7: 228 (1997)
= Elymus confusus var. pruinosus (Roshev.) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 10: 27 (1973)
= Elymus confusus var. pubiflorus (Roshev.) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 10: 27 (1973)
= Elymus peschkovae Tzvelev; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 93(10): 1594 (2008), nom. nov.
= Elymus peschkovae var. amgunensis Tzvelev; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 93(10): 1594 (2008)
= Elymus peschkovae var. pilosifolius (A.P.Khokhr.) Tzvelev; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 93(10): 1594 (2008)
= Elymus pubiflorus (Roshev.) Peschkova; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 22: 41 (1985), nom. illeg.
= Elymus sibiricus var. pilosifolius (A.P.Khokhr.) Vorosch.; A. K. Skvortsov (ed.), Florist. Issl. Razn. Raionakh SSSR: 152 (1985)
= Roegneria confusa (Roshev.) Nevski; Kom., Fl. URSS 2: 605 (1934)
= Roegneria confusa subsp. breviaristata (Keng) N.R.Cui; Claves Pl. Xinjiang. 1: 161 (1982)
= Roegneria confusa var. breviaristata Keng & S.L.Chen; J. Nanjing Univ. (Biol.) 1963(1): 52 (1953)
species :
Elymus cordilleranus Davidse & R.W.Pohl; Novon 2(2): 100 (1992) [nom. nov.]
Distribution: Costa Rica; Colombia (Antioquia, Boyacá, Caldas, Cundinamarca, Nariño, Risaralda); Venezuela (Merida); Ecuador; Peru; Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz)
80 COS 82 CLM VEN 83 BOL ECU PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron attenuatum (Kunth) Roem. & Schult.; Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis] 2: 751 (1817)
= Agropyron attenuatum var. ruizianum Parodi; Revista Mus. La Plata, Secc. Bot. 3: 34 (1940)
= Agropyron boliviacum P.Candargy; Etude Monogr. Hordees (Archiv. Biol. Veg., Athenes, Fasc. 1) 25, in clavi, 46(1901)
= Elymus attenuatus (Kunth) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95(7-8): 473 (1984), nom. illeg.
= Elymus bolivianus (P.Candargy) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95(7-8): 471 (1984)
= Elytrigia attenuata (Kunth) Covas ex J.H.Hunz. & Xifreda; Darwiniana 27(1-4): 562 (1986)
= Triticum attenuatum Kunth; Nov. Gen. Sp. [H. B. K.] 1: 180 (1816) [non Elymus attenuatus (Griseb.) K. Richt., 1890]
species :
Elymus coreanus Honda; J. Fac. Sci. Tokyo, Sect. III. Bot. iii. 17 (1930)
Distribution: Russian Far East (Primorye); China (Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning); North Korea
31 RFE 36 CHI 38 NKO
Synonyms: hidden
= Asperella coreana (Honda) Nevski; Kom., Fl. URSS 2: 693 (1934)
= Asperella sibirica var. longiaristata Hack.; Bull. Herb. Boissier 2 4: 525 (1904)
= Clinelymus coreanus (Honda) Honda; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 50: 571 (1936)
= Elymus dasystachys var. maximoviczii Kom.; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 20: 320 (1901)
= Elymus maximoviczii Roshev. ex Nevski; Acta Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS, Ser. I. Fasc. 2, 44 (1936), in syn.
= Hystrix coreana (Honda) Ohwi; J. Jap. Bot. 12: 653 (1936)
= Leymus coreanus (Honda) K.B.Jensen & R.R.-C.Wang; Int. J. Pl. Sci., 158(6): 872 (1997)
species :
Elymus curtiaristatus (L.B.Cai) S.L.Chen & G.H.Zhu; Novon 12: 426 (2002)
Distribution: Tibet
36 TIB
Synonyms: hidden
= Roegneria curtiaristata L.B.Cai; Guihaia 16(3): 200 (1996)
species :
Elymus curvatiformis (Nevski) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95(7-8): 454 (1984)
Distribution: Tajikistan; ?Afghanistan; Pakistan (Kurram)
32 TZK 40 PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron curvatiforme Nevski; Bull. Jard. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS 30: 633 (1932), in adnot. (1931)
= Goulardia curvatiformis (Nevski) Ikonn.; Opred. Vyssh. Rast. Badakhshana: 59 (1979)
= Roegneria curvatiformis (Nevski) Nevski; Acta Univ. As. Med. Ser. VIII b, Bot. Fasc. 17, 69 (1934), in obs.
species :
Elymus curvatus Piper; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 30: 233 (1903)
Name: Virginia wildrye
Distribution: Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Ontario, Québec, Saskatchewan); USA (Colorado, Iowa, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Mexico, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Tennessee, Utah, Washington State, Wisconsin, Wyoming)
71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Elymus submuticus (Hook.) Smyth; Trans. Kansas Acad. Sci. 25: 99 (1913)
= Elymus virginicus f. submutica (Hook.) R.W.Pohl; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 38: 549 (1947)
= Elymus virginicus var. arcuatus Alph.Wood; Amer. Bot. Fl. 2: 405 (1871)
= Elymus virginicus var. jenkinsii Bowden; Canad. J. Bot. 42: 583 (1964)
= Elymus virginicus var. submuticus Hook.; Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 255 (1840)
= Terrella curvata (Piper) Nevski; Bull. Jard. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS 30: 639 (1932), in adnot. (1931)
= Terrellia curvata (Piper) Lunell; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 5: 234 (1915)
= Terrellia virginica f. submutica (Hook.) R.W.Pohl; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 38: 549 (1947)
= Terrellia virginica var. submutica (Hook.) Lunell; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 4: 228 (1915)
species :
Elymus czimganicus (Drobow) Tzvelev; Akad. Nauk SSSR Bot. Inst. Komarova, Rast. Tsentral. Azii, Fasc. 4, 22 (1968)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; China (Xinjiang); Nepal; NW-India (Uttar Pradesh)
32 KAZ KGZ TZK UZB 36 CHI 40 IND NEP
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron czimganicum Drobow; Key Pl. Envir. Tashkent, ed. Popov, 40 (1923), et in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 21: 40(1925)
= Elymus czimganicus var. glabrispiculus D.F.Cui; Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin 10(3): 30 (1990)
= Roegneria czimganica (Drobow) Nevski; Kom., Fl. URSS 2: 604 (1934)
= Roegneria czimganica var. glabrispicula (D.F.Cui) L.B.Cai; Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin 16: 50 (1996)
= Roegneria glabrispicula (D.F.Cui) L.B.Cai; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 35(2): 167 (1997)
= Roegneria hissarica Popov ex Zakirov; Trudy Uzbeksk. Gosud. Univ. Alishera Navoi. N.S., Biol. 89: 19 (1958), nom. nud.
= Roegneria tschimganica var. glabrispicula (D.F.Cui) Y.H.Wu; Y. H. Wu & Q. J. Wang, Grasses of Karakorum & Kunlun Mts.: 78 (1999)
species :
Elymus debilis (L.B.Cai) S.L.Chen & G.H.Zhu; Novon 12: 426 (2002)
Distribution: China (Gansu, Qinghai)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Roegneria debilis L.B.Cai; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 34(3): 327 (1996)
species :
Elymus dentatus (Hook.f.) Tzvelev; Spisok Rast. Gerb. Fl. S. S. S. R. Bot. Inst. Vsesojuzn. Akad. Nauk 18: 33 (1970)
Distribution: Siberia (Altai); Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; China (Xinjiang); Afghanistan (Badakshan); Pakistan (Gilgit, Baltistan, Deosai, Swat); N-India (Dras, Jammu & Kashmir)
30 SIB 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 34 AFG 36 CHI 40 IND PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron dentatum Hook.f.; Fl. Brit. India 7: 370 (1896)
= Agropyron dentatum var. elatum Hook.f.; Fl. Brit. India 7: 371 (1896)
= Agropyron dentatum var. kashmiricum Melderis; Bor, Grass. Myanmar, Ceylon, India & Pakistan: 690 (1960)
= Agropyron dentatus var. scabrum Nevski; Bull. Jard. Bot. Acad. Sci. U. R. S. S. 30: 626 (1932)
= Agropyron lachnophyllum (Ovcz. & Sidorenko) Bondarenko; Opred. Rast. Sred. Azii 1: 173 (1968)
= Agropyron ugamicum Drobow; Key Pl. Envir. Tashkent, ed. Popov, 41 (1923), et in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 21: 40(1925), not Elymus ugamicus Drobow (loc. cit. 44. 1923)
= Elymus dentatus (Hook.f.) Cope; Fl. Pakistan, 143: 623 (1982), isonym
= Elymus dentatus subsp. elatus (Hook.f.) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95(7-8): 455 (1984)
= Elymus dentatus subsp. kashmiricus (Melderis) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95(7-8): 455 (1984)
= Elymus dentatus subsp. lachnophyllus (Ovcz. & Sidorenko) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 10: 21 (1973)
= Elymus dentatus subsp. scaber (Nevski) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95: 455 (1984)
= Elymus dentatus subsp. ugamicus (Drobow) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 10: 21 (1973)
= Elymus dentatus var. dasyphyllus Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 11: 72 (1974)
= Elymus dentatus var. elatus (Hook.f.) G.Singh; J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 8(2): 497 (1986)
= Elymus dentatus var. kashmiricus (Melderis) G.Singh; J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 8(2): 497 (1986)
= Elymus dentatus var. scaber (Nevski) G.Singh; J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 8: 497 (1986)
= Elymus gmelinii subsp. ugamicus (Drobow) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95(7-8): 456 (1984)
= Elymus lachnophyllus (Ovcz. & Sidorenko) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 9: 61 (1972)
= Elymus nevskii Tzvelev; Spisok Rast. Gerb. Fl. S.S.S.R. Bot. Inst. Vsesojuzn. Akad. Nauk 18: 29 (1970)
= Roegneria dentata (Hook.f.) Nevski; Trudy Sredne-Aziatsk. Gosud. Univ., Ser. 8b, Bot. 17: 69 (1934)
= Roegneria lachnophylla Ovcz. & Sidorenko; Fl. Tadzhiksk. S.S.R. 1: 505 (1957)
= Roegneria ugamica (Drobow) Nevski; Acta Univ. As. Mcd. Ser. VIII b, Bot. Fasc. 17, 69 (1934) non Elymus ugamicus Drobow (1925)
= Semeiostachys dentata (Hook.f.) Drobow; Fl. Uzbekist., ed. Schreder 1: 281 (1941), in obs.
= Semeiostachys ugamica (Drobow) Drobow; Fl. Uzbekist., ed Schreder 1: 284 (1941)
species :
Elymus diversiglumis Scribn. & Ball; Bull. Div. Agrostol. U.S.D.A. 24: 48, f. 22 (1901)
Name: Diverseglume wildrye
Distribution: Canada (Manitoba, Ontario, Saskatchewan); USA (Arkansas, Iowa, Illinois, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin, Wyoming)
71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Terrellia diversiglumis (Scribn. & Ball) Lunell; Amer. Midl. Nat. 1915. 4: 228
species :
Elymus dolichatherus (Keng) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95(7-8): 453 (1984)
Distribution: China (Ningxia, Qinghai, Sichuan, Yunnan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron dolichatherum Keng; J. Nanjing Univ. (Biol.) 1963(1): 19 (1963), pro syn.
= Elymus dolichatherus (Keng) S.L.Chen; Fl. China (2006), isonym
= Roegneria dolichathera Keng; J. Nanjing Univ. (Biol.) 1963(1): 19 (1963)
= Roegneria dolichathera var. glabrifolia Keng; J. Nanjing Univ. (Biol.) 1963(1): 20 (1963)
species :
Elymus dolichorhachis S.L.Lu & Y.H.Wu; Fl. Kunlunica 4: 559 (2013)
Distribution: China (Qinghai)
36 CHI
species :
Elymus dorudicus (Assadi) Assadi; Iran. J. Bot. 23(2): 81 (2017), et Fl. Iran [ed. M. Assadi et al.] 152: 433 (2023)
Distribution: Iran (Iranian Aserbaijan)
34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Elymus nodosus subsp. dorudicus Assadi; Willdenowia, 26(1-2): 258 (1996)
species :
Elymus durus (Keng) S.L.Chen; Fl. China 22: 412 (2006)
Distribution: China (Gansu, Qinghai, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Yunnan); Tibet
36 CHI TIB
Synonyms: hidden
= Brachypodium durum Keng; Sunyatsenia 6: 54 (1941)
= Elymus sclerus Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95(7-8): 448 (1984), nom. nov. illeg.
= Roegneria czimganica var. variiglumis (Keng & S.L.Chen) L.B.Cai; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 34: 160 (1997)
= Roegneria dura (Keng) Keng & S.L.Chen; J. Nanjing Univ. (Biol.) 1963(1): 54 (1963)
= Roegneria dura var. variiglumis Keng & S.L.Chen; J. Nanjing Univ. (Biol.) 1963(1): 54 (1963)
species :
Elymus duthiei (Melderis) G.Singh; Taxon 32(4): 639 (1983)
Distribution: Tibet; India (Simla, Kunawur, Mussoorie, Dehra Dun, Kumaon, Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand)
36 TIB 40 IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Elymus longiaristatus subsp. duthiei (Melderis) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95(7-8): 468 (1984), nom. nov.
= Agropyron duthiei Melderis; Bor, Grasses Myanmar, Ceyl., Ind. & Pakist. 690 (1960)
species :
Elymus edelbergii (Melderis) O.Anders & Podlech; Mitt. Bot. Staatssamml. München 12: 313 (1976)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Kunar / Nuristan, Nangarhar)
34 AFG
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron edelbergii Melderis; K. Danske Vid. Selsk., Biol. Skrift. 14: No. 4 (Symb. Afgh. vi.) 87(1965)
= Agropyron edelbergii var. kerstanii Melderis; Biol. Skr. 14(4): 88 (1965)
= Elymus edelbergii (Melderis) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95(7-8): 454 (1984), isonym
species :
Elymus elymoides (Raf.) Swezey; Cat. Nebraska Pl. 15 (1891)
subspecies :
subsp. elymoides
Name: Squirreltail
Distribution: Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Saskatchewan); USA (Arizona, California, Colorado, District of Columbia, Idaho, Kansas, Montana, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Mexico, Nevada, Oklahoma, Oregon, South Dakota, Utah, Washington State, Wyoming); Mexico (Baja California Norte, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Nuevo León, Oaxaca, Puebla, San Luis Potosi, Sonora, Veracruz, Zacatecas)
71 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Aegilops hystrix Nutt.; Gen. N. Amer. Pl. 1: 86 (1818) [nom. nov.]
= Chretomeris trichoides Nutt. ex J.G.Sm.; Bull. Div. Agrostol. U.S.D.A. 18: 15 (1899) [nom. inval.]
= Elymus difformis Nutt. ex J.G.Sm.; Bull. Div. Agrostol. U.S.D.A. 18: 15 (1889), pro syn.
= Elymus glaber (J.G.Sm.) Burtt Davy; Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 1: 57 (1902)
= Elymus hystrix (Nutt.) M.E.Jones; Contr. W. Bot. 14: 20 (1912), nom. illeg.
= Elymus minor (J.G.Sm.) M.E.Jones; Contr. W. Bot. 14: 20 (1912)
= Elymus sitanion Schult.; Mantissa 2: 426 (1824) [nom. nov.]
= Hordeum elymoides (Raf.) Schenck; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 40: 109 (1907), in clavi
= Polyantherix hystrix (Nutt.) Nees; Ann. Nat. Hist. Ser. I. 1: 284 (1838)
= Sitanion albescens Elmer; Bot. Gaz. 36: 57 (1903)
= Sitanion basalticola Piper; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 30: 234 (1903)
= Sitanion ciliatum Elmer; Bot. Gaz. 36: 58 (1903)
= Sitanion cinereum J.G.Sm.; US. Dept. Agric., Div. Agrost., Bull. 14 (1899)
= Sitanion elymoides Raf.; J. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat. Arts 89: 103 (1819)
= Sitanion glabrum J.G.Sm.; Bull. Div. Agrostol. U.S.D.A. 18: 14 (1899)
= Sitanion hystrix (Nutt.) J.G.Sm.; Bull. Div. Agrostol. U.S.D.A. 18: 15, pl. 2 (1899)
= Sitanion latifolium Piper; Erythea 7: 99 (1899)
= Sitanion minus J.G.Sm.; US. Dept. Agric., Div. Agrost., Bull. 18, 12 (1899)
= Sitanion montanum J.G.Sm.; US. Dept. Agric., Div. Agrost., Bull. 18, 16 (1899)
= Sitanion rigidum J.G.Sm.; US. Dept. Agric., Div. Agrost., Bull. 18, 13 (1899)
= Sitanion strigosum J.G.Sm.; US. Dept. Agric., Div. Agrost., Bull. 18, 17 (1899)
subspecies :
subsp. californicus (J.G.Sm.) Barkworth; Phytologia 83(4): 306 (1997 publ. 1998)
Distribution: Canada (British Columbia); USA (California, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, Washington State, Wyoming)
71 CDN 73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Elymus elymoides var. californicus (J.G.Sm.) J.P.Sm.; Aliso 28: 65 (2010)
= Sitanion californicum J.G.Sm.; US. Dept. Agric., Div. Agrost., Bull. 13 (1899)
= Sitanion hystrix var. californicum (J.G.Sm.) F.D.Wilson; Brittonia 15: 316 (1963)
= Sitanion minus var. californicum (J.G.Sm.) I.M.Johnst.; Pl. World 22: 81 (1919)
= Sitanion rigidum var. californicum (J.G.Sm.) Smiley; Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 9: 99 (1921)
species :
Elymus erosiglumis Melderis; Not. Roy Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 42: 78 (1984)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Elytrigia erosiglumis (Melderis) Valdés & H.Scholz; Willdenowia 36(2): 661 (2006)
species :
Elymus fedtschenkoi Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 10: 21 (1973), nom. nov.
Distribution: Siberia (Altai); Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Afghanistan (Wakhan); China (Xinjiang); Mongolia; Pakistan (Baluchistan, Chitral, Swat, Gilgit, Astor); India (Jammu & Kashmir)
30 SIB 32 KGZ TKM TZK UZB 34 AFG 36 CHI 37 MON 40 IND PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron curvatum Nevski; Bull. Jard. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS 30: 629 (1931 publ. 1932)
= Agropyron ×macrolepis Drobow; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 21: 41 (1925)
= Elymus buchtarmensis Kotukhov; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 77(6): 91 (1992)
= Elymus curvatus (Nevski) D.F.Cui; Fl. Xinjiangensis 6: 197 (1996), homonym, non Piper (1903)
= Elymus ×macrolepis (Drobow) Tzvelev; Trudy Bot. Inst. Komarova Akad. Nauk SSSR, Rast. Tsentral. Azii 4: 217 (1968)
= Roegneria curvata (Nevski) Nevski; Acta Univ. As. Med. Ser. VIII b, Bot. Fasc. 17, 67 (1934) non Elymus curvatus Piper (1903)
= Roegneria fedtschenkoi (Tzvelev) J.L.Yang & C.Yen; Canad. J. Bot. 69(2): 288 (1991), isonym
= Roegneria fedtschenkoi (Tzvelev) N.R.Cui; Claves Pl. Xinjiang. 1: 158 (1982)
= Semeiostachys ×macrolepis (Drobow) Drobow; Fl. Uzbekist. 1: 282 (1941)
species :
Elymus festucoides (Maire) Ibn Tattou; Bocconea 8: 217 (1998)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron embergeri Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. NAt. Afr. Nord 33: 100 (1942)
= Agropyron festucoides Maire; Bull. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc 8: 14a (1929)
= Agropyron maroccanum Sennen & Mauricio; Sennen, Diagn. Nouv.: 169 (1936)
= Agropyron pseudofestucoides Emb.; Bull. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc 15: 191 (1935)
= Elymus embergeri (Maire) Ibn Tattou; Bocconea 8: 217 (1998)
= Elytrigia embergeri (Maire) Valdés & H.Scholz; Willdenowia 36(2): 661 (2006)
= Festucopsis festucoides (Maire) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95(7-8): 442 (1984)
= Roegneria festucoides (Maire) Dobignard; Index Syn. Fl. Afrique N. (2010)
species :
Elymus fibrosus (Schrenk) Tzvelev; Sched. Herb. Fl. URSS 18: 29 (1970)
Distribution: N-Finland; Latvia [I]; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; N-European Russia; Siberia (Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva, W-Siberia, Yakutia); Russian Far East (Kamchatka, Khabarovsk, Magadan, Primorye); Kazakhstan
10 FIN 14 lat RUS 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron fibrosum (Schrenk) P.Candargy; Etude Monogr. Hordees (Archiv. Biol. Veg., Athenes, Fasc. 1) 24, in clavi, 44 (1901)
= Agropyron tobolense Gorodkov ex Roshev.; Trudy Glavn. Bot. Sada 38: 147 (1924), nom. nud.
= Elymus fibrosus subsp. subfibrosus (Tzvelev) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vvssh. Rast. 10: 25 (1973)
= Elymus goloskokovii Kotukhov; Turczaninowia 7(4): 8 (2004)
= Elymus subfibrosus (Tzvelev) Tzvelev; Sched. Herb. Fl. URSS 18: 30 (1970), in obs.
= Eremopyrum fibrosum (Schrenk) P.Candargy; Arch. Biol. Vég. Pure Appl. 1: 34 (1901)
= Roegneria fibrosa (Schrenk) Nevski; Acta Univ. As. Med. Ser. VIII b, Bot. Fasc. 17, 70 (1934), in clavi
= Roegneria subfibrosa Tzvelev; Fl. Arct. URSS, Fasc. 2, 238 (1964)
= Triticum fibrosum Schrenk; Bull. Phys. Math. Acad. Petersb. 3: 209 (1845)
species :
Elymus formosanus (Honda) S.S.Ying; Á. Löve, Feddes Repert. 95(7-8): 449 (1984)
Distribution: Taiwan
38 TAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron formosanum Honda; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 41: 385 (1927)
= Elymus formosanus (Honda) S.S.Ying; Mem. Coll. Agric. Nation. Taiwan Univ. 31(1): 33 (1991), isonym
= Elymus formosanus var. pubiger (Keng) S.L.Chen; Novon 7: 228 (1997)
= Roegneria formosana (Honda) Ohwi; Acta Phytotax. & Geobot., Kyoto 10: 95 (1941), in adnot.
= Roegneria formosana var. longiaristata Keng; J. Nanjing Univ. (Biol.) 3(1): 59 (1963)
= Roegneria formosana var. pubigera Keng; J. Nanj. Univ. (Biol.) 1: 60 (1963)
species :
Elymus fursaevii (Laktionov, Tzvelev & Mavrodiev) comb.ined.
Distribution: S-European Russia
14 RUS
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
Synonyms: hidden
= Elytrigia fursaevii Laktionov, Tzvelev & Mavrodiev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 45: 19 (2014)
species :
Elymus glaberrimus (Keng & S.L.Chen) S.L.Chen; Bull. Nanjing Bot. Gard. Mem. Sun Yat Sen, 1987: 9 (1987 publ. 1988)
Distribution: China (Qinghai, Xinjiang)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Elymus glaberrimus var. breviaristus S.L.Chen ex D.F.Cui; Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin 10(3): 29 (1990)
= Roegneria breviarista (S.L.Chen ex D.F.Cui) L.B.Cai; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 35: 170 (1997)
= Roegneria glaberrima Keng & S.L.Chen; J. Nanjing Univ. (Nat. Sci.) 3: 72 (1963)
= Roegneria glaberrima var. breviarista (S.L.Chen ex D.F.Cui) L.B.Cai; Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin 16: 49 (1996)
species :
Elymus glaucissimus (Popov) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 9: 61 (1972)
Distribution: Kyrgyzstan
32 KGZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron glaucissimum Popov; Bull. Soc. Nat. Mosc., Biol., n. s. 47: 84 (1938)
= Roegneria glaucissima (Popov) Filat.; Ill. Opred. Rast. Kazakh. 1: 114 (1969)
species :
Elymus glaucus Buckley; Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 14: 99 (1862 publ. 1863)
subspecies :
subsp. glaucus
Name: Blue wildrye
Distribution: Alaska; Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Northern Territories, Ontario, Saskatchewan, Yukon); USA (Arkansas, Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Illinois, Michigan, Missouri, Montana, North Dakota, New Mexico, Nevada, New York, Oklahoma, Oregon, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Washington State, Wyoming); Mexico (Baja California Norte)
70 ASK CDN 71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Clinelymus glaucus (Buckley) Nevski; Izv. Bot. Sada Akad. Nauk SSSR 30: 648 (1932)
= Clinelymus glaucus subsp. californicus Nevski; Izv. Bot. Sada Akad. Nauk SSSR 30: 649 (1932)
= Clinelymus glaucus subsp. coloratus Nevski; Izv. Bot. Sada Akad. Nauk SSSR 30: 648 (1932)
= Elymus americanus Cassidy; Bull. Colorado Agric. Exp. Sta. 12: 57 (1890), nom. illeg.
= Elymus americanus Vasey & Scribn.; Macoun, Cat. Canad. Pl. 2(4): 245 (1888), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Elymus angustifolius Burtt Davy; Fl. W. Calif. 80 (1901)
= Elymus angustifolius var. caespitosus Burtt Davy; Fl. W. Calif. 81 (1901)
= Elymus glaucus var. breviaristatus Burtt Davy; Jeps., Fl. W. Calif. 79 (1901)
= Elymus glaucus var. hirsutus Malte; Canad. Field-Naturalist 26: 146 (1913), nom. nud.
= Elymus glaucus var. marginatus (Rydb.) M.E.Jones; Univ. Wash. Publ. Biol. 5: 110 (1936)
= Elymus glaucus var. maximus Burtt Davy; Jeps., Fl. W. Calif.: 79 (1901)
= Elymus hispidulus Burtt Davy; Fl. W. Calif. 79 (1901)
= Elymus howellii Scribn. & Merr.; Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 13: 88 (1910)
= Elymus marginalis Rydb.; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 36: 539 (1909)
= Elymus nitidus Vasey; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 13: 120 (1886)
= Elymus petersonii Rydb.; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 36: 540 (1909)
= Elymus pubescens Burtt Davy; Jeps., Fl. W. Calif.: 78 (1901)
= Elymus sibiricus var. americanus S.Watson & J.M.Coult.; A. Gray, Manual, ed. 6: 673 (1890)
= Elymus sibiricus var. glaucus (Buckley) Ramaley; Minnesota Bot. Stud. 9: 112 (1894)
= Elymus strigatus H.St.John; Rhodora 17: 102 (1915)
= Elymus villosus var. glabriusculus Torr.; Pacif. Railr. Rep. Whipple, Bot. 4(5
= Terrellia glauca (Buckley) Lunell; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 4: 228 (1915)
subspecies :
subsp. jepsonii (Burtt Davy) Gould; Madrono 9(4): 126 (1947)
Name: Jepson´s blue wildrye
Distribution: USA (California, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Oregon, Washington State, Wyoming)
73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Clinelymus glaucus var. pubescens Nevski; Izv. Bot. Sada Akad. Nauk SSSR 30: 649 (1932)
= Clinelymus velutinus (Scribn. & Merr.) Nevski; Izv. Bot. Sada Akad. Nauk SSSR 30: 649 (1932)
= Elymus divergens Burtt Davy; Fl. W. Calif. 80 (1901)
= Elymus edentatus Suksd.; Werdenda 1(2): 4 (1923)
= Elymus glaucus f. jepsonii (Burtt Davy) H.St.John; Fl. S.-E. Washington: 42 (1937)
= Elymus glaucus var. jepsonii Burtt Davy; Jeps., Fl. W. Calif.: 79 (1901)
= Elymus glaucus var. tenuis Vasey; Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 1(8): 280 (1893)
= Elymus parishii Burtt Davy & Merr.; Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 1: 58 (1902)
= Elymus velutinus Scribn. & Merr.; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 29: 466 (1902)
subspecies :
subsp. mackenzii (Bush) J.J.N.Campb.; J. Kentucky Acad. Sci. 61(2): 93 (2000)
Distribution: USA (Arkansas, Missouri, Oklahoma)
74 USA 75 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Elymus mackenzii Bush; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 10: 53 (1926)
subspecies :
subsp. virescens (Piper) Gould; Madrono 9(4): 126 (1947)
Distribution: Alaska; Canada (British Columbia); USA (California, Oregon, Washington State)
70 ASK 71 CDN 73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Elymus glaucus subsp. virescens (Piper) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95(7-8): 450 (1984)
= Elymus virescens Piper; Erythea 7: 101 (1899)
species :
Elymus gmelinii (Trin.) Tzvelev; Akad. Nauk SSSR Bot. Inst. Komarova, Rast. Tsentral. Azii, Fasc. 4, 216(1968)
Distribution: Siberia (Altai, Buryatia, Chita, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva, W-Siberia, Yakutia); Russian Far East (Amur, Kamchatka, Khabarovsk, Kuril Isl., Primorye, Sakhalin); Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; China (Gansu, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Xinjiang); Mongolia; North Korea; South Korea; Japan (Honshu)
30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ KGZ TKM UZB 36 CHI 37 MON 38 JAP KOR NKO
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron caninum var. gmelinii (Trin.) Pease & A.H.Moore; Rhodora 12: 75 (1910)
= Agropyron gmelinii (Trin.) Scribn. & J.G.Sm.; Bull. Div. Agrostol. U.S.D.A. 4: 30 (1897)
= Agropyron gmelinii subsp. tenuisetum (Ohwi) T.Koyama; Grasses of Japan & Neighbour. Regions: 484 (1987)
= Agropyron gmelinii var. planifolia Gudoschn.; Sist. Zametki Mater. Gerb. Krylova Tomsk. Gosud. Univ. Kuybysheva 83: 3 (1965)
= Agropyron gmelinii var. tenuisetum (Ohwi) Ohwi; Fl. Jap.: 105 (1953), no basionym ref.
= Agropyron turczaninowii Drobow; Trav. Mus. Bot. Acad. Petersb. 12: 47 (1914)
= Agropyron turczaninowii var. macratherum Ohwi; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 10: 98 (1941)
= Agropyron turczaninowii var. tenuisetum Ohwi; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 10: 97 (1941)
= Elymus gmelinii subsp. tenuisetus (Ohwi) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95(7-8): 456 (1984)
= Elymus gmelinii var. macrantherus (Ohwi) S.L.Chen & G.H.Zhu; Novon 12: 426 (2002)
= Elymus gmelinii var. tenuisetus (Ohwi) Osada; Illustr. Grasses of Japan: et in J. Jap. Bot., 738 (1989), without basionym ref. 65(9): 266 (1990), with basionym ref.
= Elymus sarymsactensis Kotukhov; Turczaninowia 2(4): 6 (1999)
= Elymus tarbagataicus Kotukhov; Turczaninowia 1(1): 20 (1998)
= Elytrigia czindogatuica Kotukhov; Turczaninowia 1(1): 13 (1998)
= Pseudoroegneria gmelinii (Trin.) Sennikov; Checkl. Vasc. Pl. Tian-Shan 92 (2021)
= Roegneria gmelinii (Trin.) Kitag.; Rep. Inst. Sci. Res. Manchoukuo 3(App. 1): 91 (1939)
= Roegneria gmelinii var. macrathera (Ohwi) Kitag.; Neolin. Fl. Manshur.: 108 (1979)
= Roegneria gmelinii var. tenuiseta Ohwi; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 10: 97 (1941), pro syn.
= Roegneria macrathera (Ohwi) L.B.Cai; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 35: 176 (1997)
= Roegneria turczaninowii (Drobow) Nevski; Acta Univ. As. Med. Ser. VIII b, Bot. Fasc. 17, 68 (1934), in clavi
= Roegneria turczaninowii var. macrathera Ohwi; Acta Phytotax. & Geobot. 10(2): 98 (1941)
= Roegneria turczaninowii var. pohuashanensis Keng & S.L.Chen; J. Nanjing Univ. (Biol.) 3(1): 67 (1963)
= Roegneria turczaninowii var. tenuiseta Ohwi; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 10: 97 (1941), pro syn.
= Semeiostachys turczaninovii (Drobow) Drobow; Fl. Uzbekist., ed. Schreder 1: 281, in obs., 539 (1941)
= Trisetum gmelinii Trin.; Bull. Sci. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg 1: 66 (1836)
= Triticum caninum var. gmelinii Trin.; Ledeb., Fl. Altaic. 1: 118 (1829)
= Triticum gmelinii (Trin.) Printz; Veg. Siber.-Mongol. Front.: 141 (1921), nom. illeg.
= Triticum rupestre Turcz. ex Ganesch.; Trav. Mus. Bot. Acad. Petersb. 13: 33 (1915) non Link (1821)
species :
Elymus grandis (Keng) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95(7-8): 458 (1984)
Distribution: China (Henan, Shaanxi)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Roegneria grandis Keng ex Keng & S.L.Chen; J. Nanjing Univ. (Nat. Sci.) 3: 45 (1963)
= Elymus grandis (Keng) S.L.Chen; Fl. China 22: 420 (2006)
species :
Elymus hirsutus J.Presl; C. Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 1: 264 (1830)
Name: Northern ryegrass
Distribution: Aleutes; SE-Alaska; Canada (British Columbia); USA (California, Oregon, Washington State)
70 ASK 71 CDN 73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Clinelymus borealis (Scribn.) Nevski; Izv. Bot. Sada Akad. Nauk SSSR 30: 645 (1932)
= Elymus borealis Scribn.; Bull. Div. Agrostol. U.S.D.A. 27: 9 (1900), nom. nov.
= Elymus ciliatus Scribn.; Bull. Div. Agrostol. U.S.D.A. 11: 57, pl. 16 (1898) [nom. illeg., non Muhl. 1817]
species :
Elymus hispanicus (Boiss.) Talavera; Lagascalia 14(1): 170 (1986)
subspecies :
subsp. hispanicus
Distribution: S-Spain
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron panormitanum var. hispanicum Boiss.; Voy. Bot. Espagne 2: 680 (1844)
= Roegneria canina subsp. hispanica (Boiss.) Kerguélen; Coll. Patrim. Nat. 8: xvi (1993)
subspecies :
subsp. sirouana (Quézel) Ibn Tattou; Fl. Prat. Maroc 3: 681 (& 623) (2014)
Distribution: Morocco; Algeria
20 ALG MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron panormitanum subsp. sirouanum Quézel; Bull. Soc. Sci. Nat. Phys. Maroc 34: 299 (1954)
= Elymus panormitanus subsp. sirouanus (Quézel) Ibn Tattou; Bocconea 8: 218 (1998)
= Roegneria canina subsp. sirouana (Quézel) Dobignard; Index Syn. Fl. Afrique N. (2010)
= Roegneria sirouana (Quézel) Ibn Tattou; Fl. Vasc. Maroc 2: 284 (2009)
species :
Elymus hitchcockii Davidse; Brako & J. L. Zarucchi, Cat. Flow. Pl. Gymn. Peru (Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard., 45): 1258 (1993) [nom. nov.]
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron breviaristatum Hitchc.; Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 24: 353 (1927)
= Elymus breviaristatus (Hitchc.) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95(7-8): 471 (1984) nom. illeg.
= Elytrigia breviaristata (Hitchc.) Covas ex J.H.Hunz. & Xifreda; Darwiniana 27(1-4): 562 (1986)
species :
Elymus hoffmannii K.B.Jensen & Asay; Int. J. Pl. Sci. 157: 758 (1996)
Distribution: USA (Idaho)
73 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Elytrigia hoffmannii (K.B.Jensen & Asay) H.Scholz; Willdenowia 40(2): 200 (2010)
species :
Elymus hondae (Kitag.) S.L.Chen; Bull. Nanjing Bot. Gard. Mem. Sun Yat Sen, 1987: 9 (1987 publ. 1988)
Distribution: China (Hebei, Henan, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Roegneria hondae Kitag.; Rep. Inst. Sci. Res. Manchoukuo 6(4): 118 (1942)
= Roegneria hondae var. fascinata Keng & S.L.Chen; J. Nanjing Univ. (Biol.) 1963(1): 26 (1963)
species :
Elymus hongyuanensis (L.B.Cai) S.L.Chen & G.H.Zhu; Novon 12: 426 (2002)
Distribution: China (Sichuan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Roegneria hongyuanensis L.B.Cai; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 35(2): 157 (1997)
species :
Elymus hordeoides (Suksd.) Barkworth & D.R.Dewey; Amer. J. Bot. 72(5): 772 (1985)
Distribution: USA (California, Idaho, Nevada, Oregon, Washington State)
73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Elymus elymoides subsp. hordeoides (Suksd.) Barkworth; Phytologia 83(4): 306 (1997 publ. 1998)
= Elymus elymoides var. hordeoides (Suksd.) J.P.Sm.; Aliso 28: 65 (2010)
= Sitanion hordeoides Suksd.; Werdenda 1: 4 (1923)
= Sitanion hystrix var. hordeoides (Suksd.) C.L.Hitchc.; Vasc. Pl. Pacific NW 1: 701 (1969)
species :
Elymus humilis (Keng & S.L.Chen) S.L.Chen; Bull. Nanjing Bot. Gard. Mem. Sun Yat Sen, 1987: 9 (1987 publ. 1988)
Distribution: China (Qinghai, Xinjiang)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Roegneria humilis Keng & S.L.Chen; J. Nanjing Univ. (Nat. Sci.) 3: 40 (1963)
species :
Elymus hybridus (Keng) S.L.Chen; Bull. Nanjing Bot. Gard. Mem. Sun Yat Sen, 1987: 9 (1987 publ. 1988)
Distribution: China (Jiangsu)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Roegneria hybrida Keng; J. Nanjing Univ. (Biol.) 1963(1): 18 (1963)
= Roegneria tsukushiensis var. hybrida (Keng) L.B.Cai; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 35: 167 (1997)
species :
Elymus hystrix L.; Sp. Pl. 560 (1753)
Name: Bottlebrush Grass (EN), Flaschen-Bürstengras, Gewöhnliches Bürstengras (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Azores [I] (Sao Miguel Isl. [I], Terceira [I]); Japan [I] (Honshu [I]); Canada (Manitoba, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Québec); USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Georgia, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, North Carolina, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Virginia, Vermont, Wisconsin, West Virginia)
11 ger 21 azo 38 jap 71 CDN 72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Asperella americana Nutt.; Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc., n.s., 5: 151 (1835)
= Asperella angustifolia Nutt.; Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc., n.s., 5: 151 (1835)
= Asperella echidnea Raf.; Amer. Monthly Mag. & Crit. Rev. 4: 190 (1819)
= Asperella hystrix (L.) Humb.; Bot. Mag (Romer & Usteri) 7: 5 (1790)
= Asprella americana Nutt.; Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc., n.s., 5: 151 (1835)
= Asprella angustifolia Nutt.; Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc., n.s., 5: 151 (1835)
= Asprella echidnea Raf.; Amer. Monthly Mag. & Crit. Rev. 4: 190 (1819), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Asprella hystrix (L.) Link; Enum. Hort. Berol. Alt. 1: 100 (1821), isonym
= Asprella hystrix (L.) Willd.; Enum. Pl. 132 (1809)
= Asprella major Fresen.; Index Seminum (FRT, Francofurtensi) 1836: 4 (1836)
= Asprella major Fresen. ex Steud.; Nomencl. Bot (ed. 2) 1: 152 (1840) [nom. inval.]
= Elymus pseudohystrix Schult.; Mantissa 2: 427 (1824) [nom. superfl.]
= Gymnostichum hystrix (L.) Schreb.; Beschr. Gras. 2: 127, pl. 47 (1810)
= Gymnostichum hystrix var. majus (Fresen.) Eichler; Index Seminum (B, Berolinensis) 1882: 4 (1882)
= Gymnostichum majus (Fresen.) Heynh.; Nom. Bot. Hort.: 371 (1840)
= Gymnostichum patulum (Moench) Lunell; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 4: 228 (1915)
= Hordeum hystrix (L.) Schenck; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 40: 109 (1907), nom. illeg.
= Hystrix elymoides Mack. & Bush; Man. Fl. Jackson County: 39 (1902), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Hystrix hystrix (L.) Millsp.; Fl. W. Virginia: 474 (1892), nom. inval.
= Hystrix patula Moench; Methodus: 295 (1794)
= Zeocriton hystrix (L.) P.Beauv.; Agrost. 114. t. 21, f. 115 (1812)
variant :
var. bigelovianus (Fernald) Mohlenbr.; Ill. Fl. Illinois 206 (1972)
Distribution: USA (Connecticut, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, North Carolina, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Vermont, Wisconsin, West Virginia)
74 USA 75 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Asperella hystrix var. bigeloviana Fernald; Rhodora 24: 230 (1922)
= Elymus hystrix f. bigelovianus (Fernald) Dore; Naturaliste Canad. 103: 557 (1976)
= Hystrix bigeloviana (Fernald) Carp.; Joint Bull. Vermont Bot. Bird Clubs 10: 25 (1924)
= Hystrix patula f. bigeloviana (Fernald) Gleason; Phytologia 4: 21 (1952)
= Hystrix patula var. bigeloviana (Fernald) Deam; Pub. Dept. Conservation, Indiana 82: 117 (1929)
variant :
var. piedmontanus D.B.Poind. & Weakley; J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 11(2): 318 (2017)
Distribution: USA (North Carolina)
78 USA
species :
Elymus interruptus Buckley; Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 14: 99 (1862 publ. 1863)
Name: Texas wildrye
Distribution: USA (Arizona, New Mexico, Texas)
76 USA 77 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Elymus canadensis var. interruptus (Buckley) Church; Rhodora 69: 133 (1967)
= Elymus occidentalis Scribn.; Bull. Div. Agrostol. U.S.D.A. 13: 49 (1898)
= Elymus virginicus subsp. interruptus (Buckley) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95(7-8): 452 (1984)
species :
Elymus intramongolicus (Shan Chen & W.Gao) S.L.Chen; Bull. Nanjing Bot. Gard. Mem. Sun Yat Sen, 1987: 9 (1987 publ. 1988)
Distribution: China (Nei Mongol)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Roegneria intramongolica Shan Chen & W.Gao; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 17(4): 93 (1979)
species :
Elymus ircutensis Peschkova; Fl. Sibir. (Poaceae) 2: 23 (1990)
Distribution: Siberia (Altai, Buryatia, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva, W-Siberia, Yakutia)
30 SIB
species :
Elymus jacquemontii (Hook.f.) Tzvelev; Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R. Bot. Inst. Komarova, Rast. Tsentral. Azii 4: 221 (1968)
Distribution: Tajikistan; Afghanistan (Wakhan); China (Xinjiang); Tibet; Pakistan (Karakorum); NW-India (Uttarakhand, Ladakh)
32 TZK 34 AFG 36 CHI TIB 40 IND PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron jacquemontii Hook.f.; Fl. Brit. India 7: 369 (1896)
= Anthosachne jacquemontii (Hook.f.) Nevski; Acta Univ. As. Med. Ser. VIII b, Bot. Fasc. 17, 65 (1934), in clavi, et in Kom., Fl. URSS 2: 598 (1934)
= Bromus tataricus Jacq. ex Hook.f.; Fl. Brit. India 7: 369 (1896), pro syn.
= Elymus harsukhii H.S.Dubey & S.N.Dixit; J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 12: 227 (1988)
= Elymus jacquemontii (Hook.f.) Cope; Fl. Pakistan, 143: 622 (1982), isonym
= Roegneria jacquemontii (Hook.f.) Ovcz. & Sidorenko; Fl. Tadzhiksk. S.S.R. 1: 295 (1957)
species :
Elymus jacutensis (Drobow) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 9: 61 (1972)
Distribution: Siberia (Altai, Buryatia, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva, Yakutia); Russian Far East (Amur, Kamchatka, Khabarovsk, Magadan)
30 SIB 31 RFE
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron jacutense Drobow; Trav. Mus. Bot. Acad. Petersb. 16: 94 (1916)
= Agropyron pubescens Schischk.; Animadvers. Syst. Herb. Univ. Tomsk. No. 2, 1 (1928), cum descr. emend. non Elymus pubescens Burtt Davy (1901)
= Agropyron tugarinovii Reverd.; Animadvers. Syst. Herb. Univ. Tomsk., No. 4, 1 (1932)
= Agropyron tunguscense Drobow ex Nevski; Acta Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS, Ser. I. Fasc. 1, 25 (1933), in obs., pro syn.
= Elytrigia kaachemica Lomon. & Krasnob.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 67(8): 1138 (1982)
= Roegneria jacutensis (Drobow) Nevski; Acta Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS, Ser. I. Fasc. 1, 24 (1933), in obs., et in Kom., Fl. URSS 2: 625 (1934)
= Roegneria pubescens (Schischk.) Nevski; Kom., Fl. URSS 2: 626 (1934) 2: 626 (1934)
= Roegneria trinii Nevski; Trudy Bot. Inst. Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R., Ser. 1, Fl. Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 2: 55 (1936), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Triticum pubescens Trin.; Bunge, Verz. Suppl. Fl. Alt. 11 (1835) non M. Bieb. (1800) nec Hornem. (1813)
species :
Elymus karakabinicus Kotukhov; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 77(6): 89 (1992)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Mongolia
32 KAZ 37 MON
species :
Elymus khokhrjakovii Tzvelev; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 93(10): 1594 (2008)
Distribution: Russian Far East (Magadan)
31 RFE
species :
Elymus kuramensis (Melderis) Cope; Fl. Pakistan, 143: 617 (1982)
Distribution: Pakistan (Kurram); NW-India (Jammu & Kashmir)
40 IND PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron kuramense Melderis; Bor, Grasses Myanmar, Ceyl., Ind. & Pakist. 691 (1960)
= Elymus kuramensis (Melderis) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95(7-8): 454 (1984), isonym
= Elymus kuramensis var. stokensis A.Chauhan & D.K.Singh; Bull. Bot. Surv. India 47: 147 (2005 publ. 2006)
species :
Elymus lancangensis S.L.Lu & Y.H.Wu; J. Jap. Bot. 82(6): 333 (2007)
Distribution: China (Qinghai)
36 CHI
species :
Elymus lanceolatus (Scribn. & J.G.Sm.) Gould; Madrono 10: 94 (1949)
subspecies :
subsp. lanceolatus
Name: Thickspike wheatgrass
Distribution: Siberia (Yakutia); Alaska; Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Ontario, Saskatchewan, Yukon); USA (Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Illinois, Michigan, Montana, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Mexico, Nevada, Oregon, South Dakota, Washington State, Wisconsin, Wyoming)
30 SIB 70 ASK CDN 71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron dasystachyum (Hook.) Scribn. & Sm.; Torr. Bot. Club. 10: 78 (1883)
= Agropyron dasystachyum (Hook.) Vasey; Grass. U. S. 45 (1883), isonym
= Agropyron dasystachyum var. riparium (Scribn. & J.G.Sm.) Bowden; Canad. J. Bot. 43: (1434) 1965
= Agropyron dasystachyum var. subvillosum (Hook.) Scribn. & J.G.Sm.; Bull. Div. Agrostol. U.S.D.A. 4: 33 (1897)
= Agropyron distachyum Vasey; A. Gray, Manual, ed. 6: 671 (1890)
= Agropyron elmeri Scribn.; Bull. Div. Agrostol. U.S.D.A. 11: 54, pl. 12 (1898)
= Agropyron karawaewii P.A.Smirn.; Bot. Zhurn. S.S.S.R. 30(2): 69 (1945)
= Agropyron lanceolatum Scribn. & J.G.Sm.; Bull. Div. Agrostol. U.S.D.A. 4: 34 (1897)
= Agropyron riparium Scribn. & J.G.Sm.; Bull. Div. Agrostol. U.S.D.A. 4: 35 (1897)
= Agropyron smithii var. riparium (Scribn. & J.G.Sm.) Jones; Contr. W. Bot. 14: 19 (1912)
= Agropyron subvillosum (Hook.) E.E.Nelson; Bot. Gaz. 38: 378 (1904)
= Brachypodium phoenicoides var. villosum (Drobow) St.-Yves ex Litard.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 82: 508 (1935 publ. 1936)
= Brachypodium villosum Drobow; Trav. Mus. Bot. Acad. Petersb. 12: 105 (1914) non Agropyron villosum Link (1827) nec Roegneria villosa V. N. Vassil. (1954)
= Elymus lanceolatus subsp. riparius (Scribn. & J.G.Sm.) Barkworth; Sida 22(1): 498 (2006)
= Elymus lanceolatus var. riparius (Scribn. & J.G.Sm.) Dorn; Vasc. Pl. Wyoming: 298 (1988)
= Elymus riparius (Scribn. & J.G.Sm.) Gould; Madroño 9: 127 (1947), nom. illeg.
= Elymus rydbergii Gould; Madrono 10: 94 (1949) [nom. nov.]
= Elymus subvillosus (Hook.) Gould; Madrono 9(4): 127 (1947)
= Elytrigia dasystachya (Hook.) Á.Löve & D.Löve; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 81: 33 (1954)
= Elytrigia riparia (Scribn. & J.G.Sm.) Beetle; Phytologia 55(3): 211 (1984)
= Elytrigia villosa (Drobow) Tzvelev; Fl. Arct. URSS, Fasc. 2, 247 (1964)
= Roegneria karawaewii (P.A.Smirn.) Karav.; Konsp. Fl. Yak. 59 (1958)
= Triticum dasystachyum (Hook.) A.Gray; Manual 602 (1848)
= Triticum repens var. acutum Vasey ex Scribn. & J.G.Sm.; Bull. Div. Agrostol. U.S.D.A. 4: 34 (1897) [nom. inval.]
= Triticum repens var. dasystachyum Hook.; Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 254 (1840)
= Triticum repens var. subvillosum Hook.; Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 254 (1840)
= Zeia dasystachya (Hook.) Lunell; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 4: 226 (1915)
= Zeia riparia (Scribn. & J.G.Sm.) Lunell; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 4: 227 (1915)
subspecies :
subsp. psammophilus (J.M.Gillett & Senn) Á.Löve; Taxon 29(1): 167 (1980)
Name: Great Lakes wheatgrass
Distribution: Canada (Manitoba, Ontario, Saskatchewan); USA (Michigan, Wisconsin)
71 CDN 72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron dasystachyum var. psammophilum (J.M.Gillett & Senn) Voss; Rhodora 68: 437 (1966)
= Agropyron psammophilum J.M.Gillett & Senn; Canad. J. Bot. 39: 1170 (1961)
= Elytrigia dasystachya subsp. psammophila (J.M.Gillett & Senn) D.R.Dewey; Brittonia 35(1): 31 (1983)
= Elytrigia dasystachya var. psammophila (J.M.Gillett & Senn) Cronquist; H. A. Gleason & Cronquist, Man. Vasc. Pl. Northeast. U. S. & Adjacent Canada, ed. 2: 864 (1991)
species :
Elymus laxinodis (L.B.Cai) S.L.Chen & G.H.Zhu; Novon 12: 427 (2002)
Distribution: China (Qinghai, Sichuan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Roegneria laxinodis L.B.Cai; Guihaia 16(3): 199 (1996)
species :
Elymus laxulus (Hohla & H.Scholz) W.Lippert & Meierott ex Hohla; Kochia 10: 58 (2017)
Name: Aufgelockerte Quecke (DE)
Distribution: Germany (Bayeren); Austria
11 AUT GER
Remarks: status disputed, possibly only a variety of E. campestris or athericus
Synonyms: hidden
= Elymus laxulus (Hohla & H.Scholz) W.Lippert & Meierott; 118 (2014), nom. inval.
= Elytrigia laxula Hohla & H.Scholz; Stapfia 95: 49 (2011)
species :
Elymus lazicus (Boiss.) Melderis; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 42(1): 79 (1984)
subspecies :
subsp. lazicus
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, NE-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron lazicum Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 5: 661 (1884)
= Elytrigia lazica (Boiss.) Valdés & H.Scholz; Willdenowia 36(2): 661 (2006)
subspecies :
subsp. attenuatiglumis (Nevski) Melderis; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 42(1): 79 (1984)
Distribution: Azerbaijan (Talysh); Turkey; Iran
33 AZE 34 IRN TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron attenuatiglume Nevski; Kom., Fl. URSS 2: 636 (1934)
= Elytrigia attenuatiglumis (Nevski) Nevski; Acta Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS, Ser. I. Fasc. 2, 78 (1936)
= Elytrigia divaricata subsp. attenuatiglumis (Nevski) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 10: 28 (1973)
= Pseudoroegneria divaricata subsp. attenuatiglumis (Nevski) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95(7-8): 444 (1984)
subspecies :
subsp. divaricatus (Boiss. & Balansa) Melderis; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 42(1): 79 (1984)
Distribution: Greece; Turkey
13 GRC 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron divaricatum Boiss. & Balansa; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 4: 307 (1857)
= Elytrigia divaricata (Boiss. & Balansa) Nevski; Acta Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS, Ser. I. Fasc. 2, 78 (1936)
= Elytrigia lazica subsp. divaricata (Boiss. & Balansa) Valdés & H.Scholz; Willdenowia 36(2): 661 (2006)
= Pseudoroegneria divaricata (Boiss. & Balansa) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95(7-8): 444 (1984)
= Triticum divaricatum (Boiss. & Balansa) Walp.; Ann. Bot. Syst. 6: 1048 (1861)
subspecies :
subsp. iranicus Assadi; Iran. J. Bot. 23(2): 78 (2017), et Fl. Iran [ed. M. Assadi et al.] 152: 468 (2023)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
subspecies :
subsp. lomatolepis Melderis; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 42(1): 79 (1984)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Elytrigia lazica subsp. lomatolepis (Melderis) Valdés & H.Scholz; Willdenowia 36(2): 661 (2006)
= Elymus divaricatus subsp. lomatolepis (Melderis) Cabi & Dogan; Türk. Bitkileri List. 714 (2012)
species :
Elymus leiotropis (Keng) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95(7-8): 449 (1984)
Distribution: China (Yunnan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Roegneria leiotropis Keng ex Keng & S.L.Chen; J. Nanjing Univ. (Nat. Sci.) 3: 58 (1963)
= Elymus leiotropis (Keng) S.L.Chen; Fl. China 22: 417 (2006), isonym
species :
Elymus lenensis (Popov) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 10: 24 (1973)
Distribution: Siberia (Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk)
30 SIB
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron lenense Popov; Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS 18: 3 (1957)
= Elymus lenensis var. kuvajevii Tzvelev; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 93(10): 1595 (2008)
= Roegneria lenensis Tzvelev; Fl. Srednei Sibiri 1: 113 (1957), pro syn.
species :
Elymus lolioides (Kar. & Kir.) Melderis; Bot. Jour. Linn. Soc. 76: 382 (1978)
Distribution: C-European Russia; E-European Russia; W-European Russia; Siberia (Altai, Krasnoyarsk, W-Siberia); Kazakhstan; Uzbekistan
14 RUS 30 SIB 32 KAZ UZB
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron akmolinense Drobow ex Roshev.; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 38: 147 (1924), nomen.
= Agropyron ciliolatum Nevski; Kom., Fl. URSS 2: 650. (1934)
= Agropyron lolioides (Kar. & Kir.) P.Candargy; Etude Monogr. Hordees (Archiv. Biol. Veg., Athenes, Fasc. 1) 29, in clavi, 49 (1901)
= Agropyron lolioides (Kar. & Kir.) Roshev.; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 38: 146 (1924), isonym
= Elytrigia ciliolata (Nevski) Nevski; Acta Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS, Ser. I. Fasc. 2, 84 (1936)
= Elytrigia lolioides (Kar. & Kir.) Nevski; Trudy Sredne-Aziatsk. Gosud. Univ., Ser. 8b, Bot. 17: 61 (1934)
= Elytrigia lolioides var. ciliolatum (Nevski) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 12: 127 (1975)
= Elytrigia pachyneura Prokudin; Uchen. Zap. Khar´kovsk. Gosud. Univ. Gor´kogo 22: 137 (1941)
= Elytrigia repens subsp. lolioides (Kar. & Kir.) Á.Löve; Taxon 35: 198 (1986)
= Triticum lolioides Kar. & Kir.; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 14: 866 (1841), nom. illeg.
species :
Elymus longearistatus (Boiss.) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 9: 62 (1972)
Distribution: Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Tajikistan; Turkey (NE-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Wakhan, Bamyan, Ghorat, Kabul, Kunar / Nuristan, Parwan); Tibet; Pakistan (Kurram, Chitral, Swat, Deosai, Baltistan, Gilgit); Nepal; India (Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Uttar Pradesh, Dras, Zanskar, Kashmir)
32 TKM TZK UZB 34 AFG IRN IRQ TUR 36 TIB 40 IND NEP PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron aitchisonii (Boiss.) P.Candargy; Etude Monogr. Hordees (Archiv. Biol. Veg., Athenes. Fasc. 1) 20, in clavi, 40(1901)
= Agropyron canaliculatum Nevski; Bull. Jard. Bot. Acad. Sci. U. R. S. S. 30: 509 (1932)
= Agropyron flexuosissimum Nevski; Bull. Jard. Bot. Acad. Sci. U. R. S. S. 30: 510 (1932)
= Agropyron longearistatum (Boiss.) Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 5: 660 (1884)
= Agropyron longearistatum var. aitchisonii Boiss.; Fl. Or. 5: 660 (1884)
= Agropyron longearistatum var. haussknechtii Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 5: 660 (1884)
= Anthosachne longearistata (Boiss.) Nevski; Acta Univ. As. Med. Ser. VIII b, Bot. Fasc. 17, 64 (1934), et in Kom., Fl. URSS 2: 598 (1934)
= Anthosachne longearistata var. arvasi Czopanov; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 11: 73 (1974)
= Brachypodium longearistatum Boiss.; Diagn. ser. 1, 7: 127 (1846)
= Brachypodium tataricum Munro ex Aitch.; (in J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 18: 109 (1881), nom. nud.) ex Hook.f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 7: 373 (1896)
= Elymus badachschanicus (Tzvelev) Ikonn.; Opred. Vyssh. Rast. Badakhshana: 57 (1979)
= Elymus canaliculatus (Nevski) Tzvelev; Akad. Nauk SSSR Bot. Inst. Komarova, Rast. Tsentral. Azii, Fasc. 4, 220 (1968)
= Elymus longearistatus subsp. badachschanicus Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 9: 62 (1972)
= Elymus longearistatus subsp. canaliculatus (Nevski) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 9: 62 (1972)
= Elymus longearistatus subsp. flexuosissimus (Nevski) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 10: 26 (1973)
= Elymus longearistatus subsp. litvinovii Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 10: 26 (1973)
= Elymus longearistatus subsp. sintenisii Melderis; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 42(1): 79 (1984)
= Elymus ×incertus Hartm.; Candollea 39: 519 (1984)
= Festuca longearistata (Boiss.) Walp.; Ann. Bot. Syst. 1: 943 (1849)
= Roegneria canaliculata (Nevski) Ohwi; Res. Kyoto Univ. Sci. Exped. Karak. & Hinduk. 8: (Addit. & Corr. Fl. Afgh.) 76 (1955 publ. 1966)
= Roegneria longearistata (Boiss.) Drobow; Fl. Uzbekist., ed. Schreder 1: 280 (1941)
= Roegneria longearistata var. canaliculata (Nevski) L.B.Cai; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 35(2): 165 (1997)
= Roegneria nevskiana E.Nikit. ex Zakirov; Trudy Uzbeksk. Gosud. Univ. Alishera Navoi. N.S., Biol. 89: 19 (1958), nom. nud.
= Triticum longearistatum (Boiss.) Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 346 (1854)
species :
Elymus longifolius (J.G.Sm.) Gould; Brittonia 26(1): 60 (1974)
Distribution: USA (Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Illinois, Kansas, Kentucky, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, New Mexico, Nevada, Oklahoma, Oregon, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Wyoming); Mexico (Coahuila, Valle de Mexico, Puebla, etc.)
73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Elymus brevifolius (J.G.Sm.) Holm; Bot. Gaz. 46: 427 (1908)
= Elymus brevifolius (J.G.Sm.) Jones; Contr. W. Bot. 14: 20 (1912), isonym
= Elymus elymoides subsp. brevifolius (J.G.Sm.) Barkworth; Phytologia 83(4): 305 (1997 publ. 1998)
= Elymus elymoides var. brevifolius (J.G.Sm.) Dorn; Vasc. Pl. Wyoming: 298 (1988)
= Elymus pubiflorus (J.G.Sm.) Burtt Davy & Merr.; Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 1: 58 (1902)
= Sitanion brevifolium J.G.Sm.; US. Dept. Agric., Div. Agrost., Bull. 17 (1899)
= Sitanion caespitosum J.G.Sm.; US. Dept. Agric., Div. Agrost., Bull. 16 (1899)
= Sitanion hystrix var. brevifolium (J.G.Sm.) C.L.Hitchc.; Vasc. Pl. Pacific NW 1: 701 (1969)
= Sitanion longifolium J.G.Sm.; US. Dept. Agric., Div. Agrost., Bull. 18, 18 (1899)
= Sitanion molle J.G.Sm.; US. Dept. Agric., Div. Agrost., Bull. 18, 17 (1899)
= Sitanion pubiflorum J.G.Sm.; US. Dept. Agric., Div. Agrost., Bull. 18, 19 (1899)
species :
Elymus macgregorii R.E.Brooks & J.J.N.Campb.; J. Kentucky Acad. Sci. 61(2): 88 (2000)
Distribution: USA (North Dakota, E-South Dakota, E-Nebraska, Kansas, Oklahoma, Texas, Minnesota, Iowa, Missouri, Arkansas, Louisiana, Wisconsin, Illinois, Michigan, Indiana, Ohio, Kentucky, Tennessee, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, N-Florida, North Carolina, West Virginia, Virginia, Maryland, Pennsylvania, New York, Vermont, New Hampshire, Connecticut, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Maine)
74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Elymus macgregorii var. hirsutispiculus A.Haines; Bot. Notes 15: 7 (2020)
species :
Elymus macrochaetus (Nevski) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 9: 61 (1972)
Distribution: Tajikistan
32 TZK
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron macrochaetum (Nevski) Bondarenko; Opred. Rast. Sred. Azii 1: 170 (1968)
= Roegneria macrochaeta Nevski; Kom., Fl. URSS 2: 612 (1934)
= Semeiostachys macrochaeta (Nevski) Drobow; Fl. Uzbekist., ed. Schreder 1: 281 (1941)
species :
Elymus macrourus (Turcz. ex Steud.) Tzvelev; Sched. Herb. Fl. URSS 18: 30 (1970)
Name: Tufted wheatgrass
Distribution: Iceland; Norway; Sweden; Finland; N-European Russia; Siberia (Altai, Buryatia, Chita, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, W-Siberia, Yakutia); Russian Far East (Kamchatka, Khabarovsk, Magadan, Sakhalin); China (Xinjiang, Qinghai, Yunnan); Mongolia; Alaska; Canada (Northern Territories, Yukon)
10 FIN ICE NOR SWE 14 RUS 30 SIB 31 RFE 36 CHI 37 MON 70 ASK CDN
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron boreale (Turcz.) Drobow; Trav. Mus. Bot. Acad. Petersb. 16: 84 (1916)
= Agropyron boreale subsp. scandicum (Nevski) Kuvaev; Fl. Subarkt. Gor Evraz. 80 (2006), nom. inval.
= Agropyron dasystachyum var. sericeum (Hitchc.) B.Boivin; Naturaliste Canad. 94: 520 (1967)
= Agropyron kronokense Kom.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 13: 87 (1914)
= Agropyron latiglume subsp. eurasiaticum Hultén; Fl. Alaska Yukon: 259 (1942)
= Agropyron latiglume subsp. subalpinum (Neuman) Vestergr.; Holmb., Skand. Fl. 2: 272 (1926)
= Agropyron macrourum (Turcz. ex Steud.) Drobow; Trudy Bot. Muz. Imp. Akad. Nauk 16: 86, pl. 9, f. 2 (1916)
= Agropyron nomokonovii Popov; Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS 18: 3 (1957)
= Agropyron sericeum Hitchc.; Amer. J. Bot. 2: 309 (1915)
= Agropyron turuchanense Reverd.; Animadvers. Syst. Herb. Univ. Tomsk., No. 4, 2 (1932)
= Elymus alaskanus subsp. borealis (Turcz.) Á.Löve & D.Löve; Bot. Notiser 128(4): 502 (1975 publ. 1976)
= Elymus alaskanus subsp. borealis (Turcz.) Melderis; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 76(4): 374 (1978), isonym
= Elymus alaskanus subsp. islandicus (Melderis) Á.Löve & D.Löve; Bot. Notiser 128(4): 502 (1975 publ. 1976)
= Elymus alaskanus subsp. kronokensis (Kom.) Á.Löve & D.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95: 462 (1984)
= Elymus alaskanus subsp. scandicus (Nevski) Melderis; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 76: 375 (1978)
= Elymus alaskanus subsp. subalpinus (L.Neuman) Á.Löve & D.Löve; Bot. Notiser 128(4): 502 (1975 publ. 1976)
= Elymus alaskanus subsp. subalpinus (L.Neuman) Melderis; Bot. Jour. Linn. Soc. 76: 375 (1978), isonym
= Elymus besczetnovae Kotukhov; Turczaninowia 2(4): 9 (1999)
= Elymus borealis (Turcz.) D.F.Cui; Fl. Xinjiangensis 6: 184 (1996), homonym, non Scribn. 1900
= Elymus borealis var. scandicus (Nevski) Tzvelev; Rast. Tsentral. Azii 2: 217 (1968)
= Elymus dasyphyllus (A.P.Khokhr.) A.P.Khokhr.; Fl. Magadansk. Obl.: 67 (1985), no basionym cited.
= Elymus kronokensis (Kom.) Tzvelev; Akad. Nauk SSSR Bot. Inst. Komarova, Rast. Tsentral. Azii, Fasc. 4, 216 (1968)
= Elymus kronokensis subsp. borealis (Turcz.) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 10: 24 (1973)
= Elymus kronokensis subsp. dasyphyllus A.P.Khokhr.; Byull. Glavn. Bot. Sada (Moscow), 109: 27 (1979)
= Elymus kronokensis subsp. scandicus (Nevski) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 32: 182 (2000)
= Elymus kronokensis subsp. subalpinus (L.Neuman) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 10: 24 (1973)
= Elymus kronokensis var. borealis (Turcz.) Tzvelev; Rast. Tsentral. Azii 2: 217 (1968)
= Elymus kronokensis var. dasyphyllus (A.P.Khokhr.) Tzvelev; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 93(10): 1595 (2008)
= Elymus kronokensis var. scandicus (Nevski) Tzvelev; Rast. Tsentral. Azii 4: 217 (1968)
= Elymus leianthus (Keng) S.L.Chen; Novon 7(3): 229 (1997)
= Elymus macrourus subsp. neplianus (V.N.Vassil.) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 10: 25 (1973)
= Elymus macrourus subsp. pilosivaginatus (Jurtzev) Czerep.; Vasc. Pl. Russia & Adj. States (former USSR): 363 (1995)
= Elymus macrourus subsp. turuchanensis (Reverd.) Tzvelev; Nov. Syst. Pl. Vasc. (Leningrad) 8: 63 (1971)
= Elymus macrourus var. neplianus (V.N.Vassil.) Tzvelev; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 93(10): 1595 (2008)
= Elymus macrourus var. pilosivaginatus (Jurtzev) Tzvelev; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 93(10): 1595 (2008)
= Elymus neoborealis A.P.Khokhr.; Fl. Magadansk. Obl.: 67 (1985)
= Elymus neplianus (V.N.Vassil.) Czerep.; Sosud. Rast. SSSR: 350 (1981)
= Elymus scandicus (Nevski) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 38: 74 (2006)
= Elymus scandicus var. borealis (Turcz.) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 38: 74 (2006)
= Elymus turuchanensis (Reverd.) Czerep.; Sosud. Rast. SSSR: 351 (1981)
= Kengyilia leiantha (Keng) L.B.Cai; Novon 6(2): 142 (1996)
= Roegneria borealis (Turcz.) Nevski; Kom., Fl. URSS 2: 624 (1934) non Elymus borealis Scribn. (1910)
= Roegneria borealis f. glabra Melderis; Svensk Bot. Tidskr. 44: 163 (1950)
= Roegneria borealis var. islandica Melderis; Svensk Bot. Tidskr. 44: 163 (1950)
= Roegneria kronokensis (Kom.) Tzvelev; Fl. Arct. URSS, Fasc. 2, 246 (1964)
= Roegneria leiantha Keng; J. Nanjing Univ. (Biol.) 1963(1): 42 (1963)
= Roegneria macroura (Turcz. ex Steud.) Nevski; Fl. URSS 2: 627 (1934)
= Roegneria macroura subsp. pilosivaginata Jurtzev; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 66(7): 1042 (1981)
= Roegneria nepliana V.N.Vassil.; Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS 16: 56 (1954)
= Roegneria scandica Nevski; Trudy Bot. Inst. Akad. Nauk SSSR., Ser. 1, Fl. Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 2: 54 (1936)
= Roegneria turuchanensis (Reverd.) Nevski; Kom., Fl. URSS 2: 626 (1934)
= Triticum boreale Turcz.; Fl. Baical.-Dahur. 2(1): 345 (1856), in obs.
= Triticum macrourum Turcz. ex Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 343 (1854)
= Triticum violaceum f. subalpinum Neuman; Sver. Fl.: 726 (1901)
species :
Elymus magellanicus (É.Desv.) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95(7-8): 472 (1984)
Distribution: Argentina (Chubut, La Pampa, Neuquen, Santa Cruz, Tierra del Fuego); Chile (Metropolitana de Santiago, Aisén, Magallanes); Falkland Isl.
85 ARG CLE 91 FAL
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron antarcticum Parodi; Revista Mus. La Plata, n. s. 3: Secc. Bot., 48 (1940)
= Agropyron araucanum (Parodi) Nicora; Fl. Patagonica 3: 458 (1978)
= Agropyron attenuatum var. araucanum Parodi; Revista Mus. La Plata, Secc. Bot. 3: 35 (1940)
= Agropyron fuegianum (Speg.) Kurtz; Macloskie, Rep. Princeton Univ. Exped. Patagonia, Botany 8(1): 245 (1904)
= Agropyron fuegianum var. brachyatherum Parodi; Revista Mus. La Plata, Secc. Bot. 3: 55 (1940)
= Agropyron fuegianum var. chaetophorum Parodi; Revista Mus. La Plata, Secc. Bot. 3: 57 (1940)
= Agropyron fuegianum var. patagonicum (Speg.) Hauman & Vanderv.; Anales Mus. Nac. Hist. Nat. Buenos Aires 29: 25 (1917)
= Agropyron fuegianum var. patagonicum (Speg.) Macloskie; Rep. Princeton Univ. Exp. Patagonia, Botany 5(1): 246 (1904)
= Agropyron fuegianum var. polystachyum Parodi; Revista Mus. La Plata, n. s., Bot. 3: 59 (1940)
= Agropyron fuegianum var. submuticum Kurtz; Revista Mus. La Plata 7: 401 (1896)
= Agropyron magellanicum (É.Desv.) Hack.; Dusén, Ergebn. Schwed. Exp. Magell. 3(5): 331 (1900)
= Agropyron magellanicum var. festucoides (Speg.) Macloskie; Rep. Princeton Univ. Exped. Patagonia, Botany 8(1): 246 (1904)
= Agropyron magellanicum var. glabrivalva (Speg.) Macloskie & Dusén; Rep. Princeton Univ. Exped. Patagonia, Botany 8(3): 64 (1914 publ. 1915)
= Agropyron magellanicum var. lasiopodum (Speg.) Macloskie; Rep. Princeton Univ. Exped. Patagonia, Botany 8(1): 247 (1904)
= Agropyron magellanicum var. pubiflorum (Steud.) Hauman & Van der Veken; Anales Mus. Nac. Hist. Nat. Buenos Aires 29: 25 (1917)
= Agropyron magellanicum var. secundum (J.Presl) Macloskie; Rep. Princeton Univ. Exped. Patagonia, Botany 8(1): 247 (1904)
= Agropyron patagonicum (Speg.) Parodi; Rv. Mus. La Plata, n. s. 3: Secc. Bot., 23 (1940)
= Agropyron patagonicum var. australe Parodi; Revista Mus. La Plata, n. s., Bot. 3: 27, f. 9. pl. 3 (1940)
= Agropyron patagonicum var. festucoides (Speg.) Parodi; Revista Mus. La Plata, n. s., Bot. 3: 25, f. 8 (1940)
= Agropyron patagonicum var. macrochaetum (Parodi) Nicora; Fl. Patagonica 8(3): 458 (1978)
= Agropyron pubiflorum (Steud.) P.Candargy; Etude Monogr. Tribu des Hordes, 28, 49 (1901)
= Agropyron pubiflorum (Steud.) Parodi; Revista Mus. La Plata, n. s., Bot. 3: 36, f. 13-14, pl. 5 (1940)
= Agropyron pubiflorum var. aristatum P.Candargy; Arch. Biol. Vég. Pure Appl. 1: 28 (1901)
= Agropyron pubiflorum var. fragile Parodi; Revista Mus. La Plata, n. s., Bot. 3: 40, f. 15, pl. 6 (1940)
= Agropyron pubiflorum var. megastachyum P.Candargy; Arch. Biol. Vég. Pure Appl. 1: 28 (1901)
= Agropyron pubiflorum var. microstachyum P.Candargy; Arch. Biol. Vég. Pure Appl. 1: 28 (1901)
= Agropyron pubiflorum var. tridentatum P.Candargy; Arch. Biol. Vég. Pure Appl. 1: 28 (1901)
= Agropyron pubiflorum var. trifidum P.Candargy; Arch. Biol. Vég. Pure Appl. 1: 28 (1901)
= Agropyron remotiflorum Parodi; Revista Mus. La Plata, n. s., Bot. 3: 19, f. 5, 6, pl. 2 (1940)
= Agropyron remotiflorum var. macrochaetum Parodi; Revista Mus. La Plata, n. s., Bot. 3: 22 (1940)
= Agropyron secundum J.Presl; C. Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 1: 266 (1830)
= Elymus araucanus (Parodi) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95(7-8): 471 (1984)
= Elymus fuegianus (Speg.) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95(7-8): 471 (1984)
= Elymus glaucescens Seberg; Pl. Syst. Evol., 166(1-2): 99 (1989) [nom. nov.]
= Elymus notius Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95(7-8): 472 (1984) [nom. nov.]
= Elymus remotiflorus (Parodi) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95(7-8): 472 (1984)
= Elytrigia antarctica (Parodi) Covas; Apuntes Fl. Pampa 100: 401 (1985)
= Elytrigia araucana (Parodi) Covas ex J.H.Hunz. & Xifreda; Darwiniana 27: 561 (1986)
= Elytrigia fuegiana (Kurtz) Covas; Apuntes Fl. Pampa 101: 401 (1985)
= Elytrigia fuegiana (Speg.) Covas ex J.H.Hunz. & Xifreda; Darwiniana, 27(1-4): 562 (1986)
= Elytrigia magellanica (É.Desv.) Covas; Apuntes Fl. Pampa 101: 401 (1985)
= Elytrigia patagonica (Parodi) Covas; Apuntes Fl. Pampa 101: 410 (1985)
= Elytrigia patagonica (Speg.) Covas ex J.H.Hunz. & Xifreda; Darwiniana 27: 562 (1986)
= Elytrigia pubiflora (Steud.) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyss. Rast. 10: 33 (1973)
= Triticum fuegianum Speg.; Anales Mus. Nac. Hist. Nat. Buenos Aires 5: 99, pl. 4, f. A (1896)
= Triticum fuegianum var. patagonicum Speg.; Revista Fac. Agron. Univ. Nac. La Plata 3: 588 (1897)
= Triticum magellanicum (É.Desv.) Speg.; Anales Mus. Nac. Hist. Nat. Buenos Aires 5: 98 (1896)
= Triticum magellanicum var. condensata (J.Presl) Speg.; Anales Mus. Nac. Hist. Nat. Buenos Aires 5: 99 (1896)
= Triticum magellanicum var. festucoides Speg.; Revista Fac. Agron. Univ. Nac. La Plata 3: 587 (1897)
= Triticum magellanicum var. glabrivalve Speg.; Anales Mus. Nac. Hist. Nat. Buenos Aires 5: 98 (1896)
= Triticum magellanicum var. lasiopodum Speg.; Revista Fac. Agron. Univ. Nac. La Plata 3: 587 (1897)
= Triticum magellanicum var. patagonicum (Speg.) De Wild.; Exp. Antarct. Belg. Bot.: 53 (1905)
= Triticum magellanicum var. pubiflorum (Steud.) Speg.; Anales Mus. Nac. Hist. Nat. Buenos Aires 5: 98 (1896)
= Triticum magellanicum var. secundum (J.Presl) Speg.; Anales Mus. Nac. Hist. Nat. Buenos Aires 5: 99 (1896)
= Triticum pubiflorum Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 249 (1854)
= Triticum repens var. magellanicum É.Desv.; Fl. Chil. 6: 452 (1853)
= Triticum secundum (J.Presl) Kunth; Enum. Pl. 1: 442 (1833)
species :
Elymus magnicaespes D.F.Cui; Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin 10(3): 25-26, f. 1 (1990)
Distribution: China (Xinjiang)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Roegneria magnicaespes (D.F.Cui) L.B.Cai; Bull. Bot. Res. 16(1): 49 (1996)
species :
Elymus magnipodus (L.B.Cai) S.L.Chen & G.H.Zhu; Novon 12: 427 (2002)
Distribution: China (Qinghai)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Roegneria magnipoda L.B.Cai; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 35(2): 164 (1997)
species :
Elymus margaritae A.V.Agaf., Kobozeva & B.Salomon; Rast. Mir Aziatsk. Rossii 4(20): 37 (2015)
Distribution: Siberia (Altai)
30 SIB
species :
Elymus maroccanus (Font Quer & Pau) Rivas Mart., Molero Mesa, Marfíl & G.Benítez; Naturalia Cantabricae 8 Esp.(3): 116 (2020)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron panormitanum var. maroccanum Font Quer & Pau; Cavanillesia 4: 27 (1931)
species :
Elymus mendocinus (Parodi) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95(7-8): 472 (1984)
Distribution: Argentina (Mendoza)
85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron mendocinum Parodi; Revista Mus. La Plata, n. s. 3: Secc. Bot., 14 (1940)
= Elytrigia mendocina (Parodi) Covas ex J.H.Hunz. & Xifreda; Darwiniana, 27(1-4): 562 (1986)
= Leymus mendocinus (Parodi) Dubc.; Genome 40(4): 518 (1997)
species :
Elymus multisetus (J.G.Sm.) Burtt Davy; Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 1: 57 (1902)
Name: Big squirreltail
Distribution: USA (Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, New Mexico, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, Washington State, Wyoming); Mexico (Baja California Norte)
73 USA 76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Elymus multisetus (J.G.Sm.) Jones; Contr. W. Bot. 14: 20 (1912)
= Elymus sitanion var. jubatum J.G.Sm.; Bull. Div. Agrostol. U.S.D.A. 18: 10 (1899) [nom. inval.]
= Sitanion breviaristatum J.G.Sm.; Bull. Div. Agrostol. U.S.D.A. 18: 12 (1899)
= Sitanion jubatum J.G.Sm.; Bull. Div. Agrostol. U.S.D.A. 18: 10 (1899)
= Sitanion multisetum J.G.Sm.; US. Dept. Agric., Div. Agrost., Bull. 18, 11 (1899)
= Sitanion polyantherix J.G.Sm.; US. Dept. Agric., Div. Agrost., Bull. 18, 12 (1899)
= Sitanion strictum Elmer; Bot. Gaz. 36: 59 (1903)
= Sitanion villosum J.G.Sm.; Bull. Div. Agrostol. U.S.D.A. 18: 11, pl. 1 (1899)
species :
Elymus mutabilis (Drobow) Tzvelev; Grubov, Pl. As. Centr. 4: 217 (1968)
Distribution: Norway; Sweden; Finland; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; N-European Russia; Siberia (Altai, Buryatia, Chita, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva, W-Siberia, Yakutia); Russian Far East (Kamchatka, Khabarovsk, Magadan); Northern Caucasus; Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; China (Xinjiang); Mongolia; Pakistan (Gilgit, Karakorum); India (Jammu & Kashmir)
10 FIN NOR SWE 14 RUS 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ KGZ TZK 33 NCS 36 CHI 37 MON 40 IND PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron angustiglume Nevski; Izv. Bot. Sada Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R. 30: 615 (1931 publ. 1932)
= Agropyron angustiglume subsp. irendykense Nevski; Izv. Bot. Sada Akad. Nauk SSSR. 30: 618 (1931 publ. 1932)
= Agropyron ilmense Nevski; Izv. Bot. Sada Akad. Nauk SSSR. 30: 609 (1931 publ. 1932), nom. nud.
= Agropyron mutabile Drobow; Trudy Bot. Muz. Imp. Akad. Nauk 16: 88, pl. 9, f. 3, 4 (1916)
= Agropyron mutabile var. glabrum Drobow; Trudy Bot. Muz. Imp. Akad. Nauk 16: 89 (1916)
= Agropyron mutabile var. pilosum Drobow; Trudy Bot. Muz. Imp. Akad. Nauk 16: 89 (1916)
= Agropyron mutabile var. scabrum Drobow; Trudy Bot. Muz. Imp. Akad. Nauk 16: 88 (1916)
= Agropyron oschense Roshev. ex Nevski; Kom., Fl. URSS 2: 619 (1934), in syn.
= Agropyron pallidissimum Popov; Spisok Rast. Gerb. Fl. S.S.S.R. Bot. Inst. Vsesojuzn. Akad. Nauk 14: 8 (1957)
= Agropyron praecaespitosum Nevski; Bull. Jard. Bot. Princ. URSS 29: 541 (1930). 29: 541 (1930)
= Agropyron transbaicalense Nevski; Bull. Jard. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS 30: 607, in obs., 618 (1931 publ. 1932)
= Agropyron transiliense Popov; Byull. Moskovsk. Obshch. Isp. Prir., Otd. Biol., n.s., 47: 85 (1938)
= Elymus barbulatus (Nevski ex Tzvelev) Tzvelev; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 93(10): 1588 (2008)
= Elymus lineicus Kotukhov; Turczaninowia 2(4): 8 (1999)
= Elymus marmoreus Kotukhov; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 77(6): 92 (1992)
= Elymus mutabilis subsp. barbulatus Nevski ex Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 10: 22 (1973)
= Elymus mutabilis subsp. praecaespitosus (Nevski) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 10: 22 (1973)
= Elymus mutabilis subsp. transbaicalensis (Nevski) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 10: 22 (1973)
= Elymus mutabilis var. burjaticus (Sipliv.) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 12: 95 (1975)
= Elymus mutabilis var. irendykensis (Nevski) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 12: 94 (1975)
= Elymus mutabilis var. nemoralis S.L.Chen & D.F.Cui; Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin 10(3): 29-30, f. 6 (1990)
= Elymus mutabilis var. oschensis (Nevski) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 12: 94 (1975)
= Elymus mutabilis var. praecaespitosus (Nevski) S.L.Chen; Novon 7(3): 229 (1997)
= Elymus occidentalialtaicus Kotukhov; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 77(6): 89 (1992)
= Elymus pallidissimus (Popov) Peschkova; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast 10: 67 (1973)
= Elymus praecaespitosus (Nevski) Tzvelev; Akad. Nauk SSSR Bot. Inst. Komarova, Rast. Tsentral. Azii, Fasc. 4, 218 (1968)
= Elymus transbaicalensis (Nevski) Tzvelev; Akad. Nauk SSSR Bot. Inst. Komarova, Rast. Tsentral. Azii, Fasc. 4, 219(1968)
= Elymus ubinicus Kotukhov; Turczaninowia 2(4): 5 (1999)
= Goulardia mutabilis (Drobow) Ikonn.; Opred. Viss. Rast. Baskirsk. ASSR 58 (1979)
= Goulardia praecaespitosa (Nevski) Ikonn.; Opred. Vyssh. Rast. Badakhshana: 59 (1979)
= Roegneria angustiglumis (Nevski) Nevski; Acta Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS, Ser. I. Fasc. 1, 14, 25 (1933), in obs., etin Acta Univ. As. Med. Ser. VIII b, Bot. Fasc. 17, 70 (1934), in clavi
= Roegneria burjatica Sipliv.; Novit. Syst. Pl. Vasc., Acad. Sci. URSS, 275 (1966)
= Roegneria mutabilis (Drobow) Hyl.; Nomencl. u. Syst. Stud. Nord. Gefasspfl. (Uppsala Univ. Arsskr., No. 7) 36(1945)
= Roegneria mutabilis subsp. varsugensis (Melderis) Á.Löve; Bot. Not. 114: 50 (1961)
= Roegneria mutabilis var. nemoralis (S.L.Chen ex D.F.Cui) L.B.Cai; Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin 16: 49 (1996)
= Roegneria mutabilis var. varsugensis (Melderis) Hyl.; Bot. Not. 1953: 358 (1953)
= Roegneria oschensis Nevski; Kom., Fl. URSS 2: 619 (1934)
= Roegneria praecaespitosa (Nevski) Nevski; Acta Univ. As. Med. Ser. VIII b, Bot. Fasc. 17, 70 (1934), in clavi
= Roegneria transbaicalensis (Nevski) Nevski; Acta Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS, Ser. I. Fasc. I, 14 (1933), in obs., et in Komarov, Fl. URSS 2: 619 (1934)
= Roegneria transiliensis (Popov) Filat.; Ill. Opred. Rast. Kazakh. 1: 116 (1968)
= Triticum caninum var. altaicum Griseb.; C. F. von Ledeb., Fl. Ross. 4: 340 (1852)
= Triticum mutabile (Drobow) F.Herm.; Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 76: 40 (1936)
species :
Elymus nakaii (Kitag.) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95(7-8): 454 (1984)
Distribution: China (Hebei, Jilin, Nei Mongol, Ningxia); North Korea
36 CHI 38 NKO
Synonyms: hidden
= Roegneria nakaii Kitag.; Rep. Inst. Sci. Res. Manch. 5(5): 151 (1941)
= Elymus nakaii (Kitag.) S.L.Chen; Fl. China 22: 411 (2006), isonym
species :
Elymus nepalensis (Melderis) Melderis; Enum. Fl. Pl. Nepal 1: 131 (1978)
Distribution: Nepal
40 NEP
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron nepalense Melderis; Bor, Grasses Myanmar, Ceyl., Ind. & Pakist. 692 (1960)
= Elymus nepalensis (Melderis) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95(7-8): 460 (1984), isonym
species :
Elymus nipponicus Jaaska; Eesti NSV Tead. Akad. Toim., Biol. 23(1): 6 (1974) [nom. nov.]
Distribution: Russian Far East (Kuril Isl., Sakhalin); North Korea; Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu)
31 RFE 38 JAP NKO
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron yezoense Honda; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 43: 292 (1929)
= Elymus kurilensis Prob.; Sosud. Rast. Sovet. Dal´nego Vostoka 1: 116 (1985), nom. nov.
= Elymus pendulinus var. yezoensis (Honda) Tzvelev; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 93(10): 1592 (2008)
= Elymus yezoensis (Honda) Osada; Illustr. Grasses of Japan: 738 (1989)
= Roegneria yezoensis (Honda) Ohwi; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 10: 98 (1941), pro syn.
species :
Elymus nodosus (Steven ex Griseb.) Melderis; Bot. Jour. Linn. Soc. 76: 376 (1978)
subspecies :
subsp. nodosus
Distribution: Crimea; Turkey (E-Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq); ?Iran
14 KRY 34 IRQ TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron angulare Nevski; Kom., Fl. URSS 2: 639 (1934)
= Agropyron firmiculme Nevski; Kom., Fl. URSS 2: 646 (1934)
= Agropyron latronum var. orsinii Litard.; Candollea 11: 188 (1948)
= Agropyron nodosum (Steven ex Griseb.) Nevski; Kom., Fl. URSS 2: 646 (1934)
= Agropyron transcaucasicum Grossh. ex Nevski; Acta Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS, Ser. I. Fasc. 2, 82 (1936), in syn.
= Elytrigia angularis (Nevski) Nevski; Acta Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS, Ser. I. Fasc. 2, 79 (1936)
= Elytrigia caespitosa subsp. nodosa (Steven ex Griseb.) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 10: 30 (1973)
= Elytrigia firmiculmis (Nevski) Nevski; Acta Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS, Ser. I. Fasc. 2, 82 (1936)
= Elytrigia nodosa (Steven ex Griseb.) Nevski; Trudy Bot. Inst. Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R., Ser. 1, Fl. Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 2: 83 (1936)
= Lophopyrum nodosum (Steven ex Griseb.) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95: 490 (1984)
= Triticum nodosum Steven ex M.Bieb.; Fl. Taur.-Caucas. 3: 96 (1819), pro syn.
= Triticum repens var. nodosum Steven ex Griseb.; Ledeb., Fl. Ross. 4: 341 (1852)
subspecies :
subsp. caespitosus (K.Koch) Melderis; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 42(1): 80 (1984)
Distribution: Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey; Iran; Pakistan (Kurram)
33 ARM AZE GEO 34 IRN TUR 40 PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron caespitosum K.Koch; Linnaea 21: 424 (1848)
= Elytrigia caespitosa (K.Koch) Nevski; Acta Univ. As. Med. Ser. VIII b, Bot. Fasc. 17, 61 (1934)
= Lophopyrum caespitosum (K.Koch) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95(7-8): 489 (1984)
= Thinopyrum caespitosum (K.Koch) Zhi W.Liu & R.R.-C.Wang; Genome 36: 647 (1993)
= Triticum caespitosum (K.Koch) Walp.; Ann. Bot. Syst. 3: 782 (1853), nom. illeg.
subspecies :
subsp. gypsicola Melderis; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 42(1): 82 (1984)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Elytrigia caespitosa subsp. gypsicola (Melderis) Valdés & H.Scholz; Willdenowia 36(2): 660 (2006)
subspecies :
subsp. platyphyllus Melderis; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 42(1): 80 (1984)
Distribution: NE-Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Elytrigia caespitosa subsp. platyphylla (Melderis) Valdés & H.Scholz; Willdenowia 36(2): 660 (2006)
subspecies :
subsp. sinuatus (Nevski) Melderis; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 42(1): 80 (1984)
Distribution: Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; NE-Turkey
33 ARM AZE GEO 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron sinuatum Nevski; Kom., Fl. URSS 2: 639 (1934)
= Elytrigia caespitosa subsp. sinuata (Nevski) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 10: 30 (1973)
= Elytrigia sinuata (Nevski) Nevski; Acta Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS, Ser. I. Fasc. 2, 80 (1936)
= Lophopyrum sinuatum (Nevski) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95(7-8): 490 (1984)
species :
Elymus panormitanus (Parl.) Tzvelev; Sched. Herb. Fl. URSS 18: 27 (1970)
Name: Panormitanische Quecke (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Italy; Sicily; Macedonia; Romania; Greece; European Russia; Crimea; Morocco; Algeria; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Iran (N-Iran); Cyprus (C-Mountains); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon); Syria (Jbel Druze, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (N-Israel)
11 ger 13 GRC ITA NMA ROM SIC 14 KRY RUS 20 ALG MOR 34 CYP IRN IRQ ISR LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron panormitanum f. longiglume Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 33: 100 (1942)
= Agropyron panormitanum Parl.; Pl. Rar. Fl. Sic. 2: 20 (1840)
= Agropyron panormitanum subvar. glabrum Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 33: 100 (1942)
= Agropyron panormitanum subvar. villosulum Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 33: 100 (1942)
= Agropyron panormitanum var. heterophyllum Bornm. ex Melderis & Rech.f.; Ark. Bot., n. s. 5(1): 69 (1960)
= Agropyron panormitanum var. zahlense Mouterde; Nouv. Fl. Liban Syrie 1: 138 (1966)
= Agropyron petraeum Vis. & Pancic; Pl. Serb. 1: 25 (1862)
= Elymus heterophyllus (Bornm. ex Melderis & Rech.f.) H.Scholz; Willdenowia 39: 332 (2010)
= Roegneria heterophylla (Bornm. ex Melderis & Rech.f.) C.Yen, J.L.Yang & B.R.Baum; Novon 18(3): 406 (2008)
= Roegneria panormitana (Parl.) Nevski; Kom., Fl. URSS 2: 612 (1934)
= Semeiostachys panormitana (Parl.) Drobow; Fl. Uzbekist., ed. Schreder 1: 281 (1941), in obs.
= Triticum panormitanum (Parl.) Bertol.; Fl. Ital. 4: 780 (1841)
= Triticum petraeum Vis. & Pancic; Mem. Reale Ist. Veneto Sci. 10: 446 (1861)
species :
Elymus patagonicus Speg.; Revista Fac. Agron. Univ. Nac. La Plata 3(32-33): 630 (1897)
Distribution: Argentina (Chubut, Mendoza, Neuquen, Santa Cruz, Tierra del Fuego); Chile (Aisén)
85 ARG CLE
species :
Elymus pendulinus (Nevski) Tzvelev; Akad. Nauk SSSR Bot. Inst. Komarova, Rast. Tsentral. Azii, Fasc. 4, 218(1968)
Distribution: Siberia (Altai, Buryatia, Chita, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva); Russian Far East (Amur, Khabarovsk, Primorye); China (Gansu, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan); Mongolia
30 SIB 31 RFE 36 CHI 37 MON
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron brachypodioides (Nevski) Serg.; P. N. Krylov, Fl. Sibir. Occ. 12: 3128 (1961)
= Agropyron caninum var. amurense (Korsh.) Korsh.; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 20: 314 (1901)
= Agropyron koryoense Honda; Koryo-shikenrinno-ippan, 78 (1932)
= Agropyron multiculme Kitag.; J. Jap. Bot. 17: 235 (1941)
= Agropyron pendulinum (Nevski) Popov; Fl. Centr. Sibir. 1: 113 (1957), in obs.
= Agropyron pendulinum (Nevski) Vorosch.; Bull. Princ. Bot. Gard. Acad. Sci. URSS, No. 49, 55 (1963)
= Agropyron pubiflorum Keng; J. Nanjing Univ. (Biol.) 1963(1): 29 (1963), pro syn.
= Agropyron tashiroi Ohwi; J. Jap. Bot. 13: 333 (1937)
= Agropyron vernicosum Nevski ex Grubov; Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS 17: 6 (1955)
= Agropyron yezoense var. koryoense (Honda) Ohwi; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 11: 179 (1942)
= Agropyron yezoense var. tashiroi (Ohwi) Ohwi; Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus. Tokyo 33: 67 (1953)
= Elymus brachypodioides (Nevski) Peschkova; Stepnaya Fl. Baikal´skoi Sibiri: 45 (1972)
= Elymus pendulinus subsp. brachypodioides (Nevski) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 9: 60 (1972)
= Elymus pendulinus subsp. multiculmis (Kitag.) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95: 459 (1984)
= Elymus pendulinus subsp. pubicaulis (Keng) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95(7-8): 459 (1984)
= Elymus pendulinus subsp. pubicaulis (Keng) S.L.Chen; Fl. China 22: 428 (2006), isonym
= Elymus pendulinus var. brachypodioides (Nevski) Prob.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 69: 259 (1984)
= Elymus pendulinus var. vernicosus (Nevski ex Grubov) A.V.Agaf. & Kobozeva; Sist. Zametki Mater. Gerb. Krylova Tomsk. Gosud. Univ. 112: 28 (2015)
= Elymus vernicosus (Nevski ex Grubov) Tzvelev; Trudy Bot. Inst. Komarova Akad. Nauk SSSR, Rast. Tsentral. Azii 4: 219 (1968)
= Elymus yezoensis var. koryoensis (Honda) Osada; Illustr. Grasses of Japan: 738 (1989), without basionym ref.
= Roegneria brachypodioides Nevski; Kom., Fl. URSS 2: 617 (1934)
= Roegneria koryoensis (Honda) Ohwi; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 10: 98 (1941), pro syn.
= Roegneria multiculmis Kitag.; J. Jap. Bot. 17: 235 (1941)
= Roegneria multiculmis var. pubiflora Keng; J. Nanjing Univ. (Biol.) 1963(1): 29 (1963)
= Roegneria pendulina f. pubinodis (Keng) Kitag.; Neolin. Fl. Manshur.: 109 (1979)
= Roegneria pendulina Nevski; Kom., Fl. URSS 2: 616 (1934)
= Roegneria pendulina var. pubinodis Keng; J. Nanjing Univ. (Biol.) 3(1): 28 (1963)
= Roegneria pubicaulis Keng ex Keng & S.L.Chen; J. Nanjing Univ. (Nat. Sci.) 3: 30 (1963)
= Triticum caninum f. amurense Korsh.; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 12: 414 (1892)
species :
Elymus petrovii Tzvelev; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 93(10): 1590 (2008)
Distribution: China (Gansu)
36 CHI
species :
Elymus praeruptus Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 9: 61 (1972), nom. nov.
Distribution: Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan
32 KGZ TZK UZB
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron interruptum Nevski; Bull. Jard. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS 30: 632 (1932), in adnot. (1931)
= Roegneria interrupta (Nevski) Nevski; Acta Univ. As. Med. Ser. VIII b, Bot. Fasc. 17, 68 (1934), in clavi, et in Kom., Fl. URSS 2: 611 (1934) non Elymus interruptus Buckley (1862)
= Semeiostachys interrupta (Nevski) Drobow; Fl. Uzbekist., ed. Schreder 1: 282 (1941)
species :
Elymus pringlei Scribn. & Merr.; Bull. Div. Agrostol. U.S.D.A. 24: 30 (1901)
Distribution: Mexico (Aguascalientes, Coahuila, Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Mexico State, Nuevo León, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Zacatecas)
79 MEX
Remarks: possibly to E. violaceus
species :
Elymus probatovae Tzvelev; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 93(10): 1592 (2008)
Distribution: Russian Far East (Kamchatka)
31 RFE
species :
Elymus pseudocaninus G.H.Zhu & S.L.Chen; Fl. China (2006), nom. nov.
Distribution: China (Xinjiang)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Elymus altaicus D.F.Cui; Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin 10(3): 28-29, f. 4 (1990), not Elymus altaicus A. Spreng., Tent. Suppl. 5 (1828)
= Roegneria altaica (D.F.Cui) L.B.Cai; Bull. Bot. Res. 16(1): 49 (1996)
species :
Elymus puberulus (Keng) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95(7-8): 453 (1984)
Distribution: China (Chongqing)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Roegneria puberula Keng ex Keng & S.L.Chen; J. Nanjing Univ. (Nat. Sci.) 3: 20 (1963)
= Elymus puberulus (Keng) S.L.Chen; Fl. China 22: 424 (2006), isonym
species :
Elymus pulanensis (H.L.Yang) S.L.Chen; Bull. Nanjing Bot. Gard. Mem. Sun Yat Sen, 1987: 9 (1987 publ. 1988) (err. ´pulancusis´)
Distribution: China (Yunnan); Tibet
36 CHI TIB
Synonyms: hidden
= Roegneria pulanensis H.L.Yang; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 18(2): 253 (1980)
= Roegneria jacquemontii var. pulanensis (H.L.Yang) L.B.Cai; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 35(2):169 (1997)
species :
Elymus pungens (Pers.) Melderis; Bot. Jour. Linn. Soc. 76: 380 (1978)
Distribution: ?Portugal; ?Spain; ?France; Slovenia; Croatia; European Russia [I]; Australia [I] (Victoria [I]); etc.
13 CRO SLV 14 rus 50 aus
Remarks: Identity of this taxon is highly doubtful, the type is deficient. Flora Iberica does not recognize it and includes all Iberian specimens in E. campestris, E. farctus or E. athericus.
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron acutum Rchb. ex Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 841 (1882), pro syn.
= Agropyron acutum var. affine Rchb.; Fl. Germ. Excurs.: 140(1) (1831)
= Agropyron affine (Rchb.) Dethard. ex Rchb.; Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 1: t. XXI (1834)
= Agropyron campestre var. boraeanum Rouy; G. Rouy & J. Foucaud, Fl. France 14: 222 (1913)
= Agropyron concinnum De Not. ex Parl.; Fl. Ital. 1: 498 (1850), pro syn.
= Agropyron hippolyti Sennen; Diagn. Nouv.: 49 (1936)
= Agropyron littorale subsp. pungens (Pers.) Corb.; Nouv. Fl. Normandie: 660 (1894)
= Agropyron pungens (Pers.) Roem. & Schult.; Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis]. 2: 753 (1817)
= Agropyron ramificum (Link) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 124 (1895)
= Agropyron repens subsp. pungens (Pers.) Hook.f.; Student Fl. Brit. Isl., ed. 3: 504 (1884)7
= Agropyron repens var. pungens (Pers.) Duby; Bot. Gall., ed. 2, 1: 529 (1828)
= Agropyron tetrastachys Scribn. & J.G.Sm.; Bull. Div. Agrostol. U.S.D.A. 4: 32 (1897)
= Braconotia pungens (Pers.) Godr.; Fl. Lorraine 3: 192 (1844)
= Elymus fontqueri (Melderis) D.Rivera & M.A.Carreras; An. Biol. Fac. Biol. Univ. Murcia 13: 25 (1987)
= Elymus pungens subsp. fontqueri Melderis; Bot. Jour. Linn. Soc. 76: 380 (1978)
= Elytrigia juncea subsp. pungens (Pers.) Tutin; Bot. Tidsskr. 55: 300 (1960)
= Elytrigia pungens (Pers.) Tutin; Watsonia 2: 186 (1952)
= Elytrigia pungens subsp. fontqueri (Melderis) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95(7-8): 488 (1984)
= Psammopyrum fontqueri (Melderis) Á.Löve; Veröff. Geobot. Inst. Rübel 87: 50 (1986)
= Psammopyrum pungens (Pers.) Á.Löve; Veröff. Geobot. Inst. Rübel 87: 50 (1986)
= Thinopyrum pungens (Pers.) Barkworth; Phytologia 83(4): 304 (1997 publ. 1998)
= Triticum acutum var. affine (Rchb.) Kunth; Enum. Pl. 1: 441 (1833)
= Triticum affine Dethard. ex Kunth; Enum. Pl. 1: 441 (1833), pro syn.
= Triticum glaucescens Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 2: 716 (1841), pro syn.
= Triticum glaucum T.Bastard; Essai Fl. Maine et Loire: 45 (1809), nom. illeg.
= Triticum junceum subsp. pungens (Pers.) Hook.f.; 454 (1870)
= Triticum macrostachyum Le Gall; Fl. Morbihan: 760 (1862)
= Triticum pungens Pers.; Syn. Pl. 1: 109 (1805)
= Triticum ramificum (Link) Link; Linnaea 17: 397 (1844)
= Triticum repens subsp. pungens (Pers.) Syme; 180 (1877)
= Triticum repens var. pungens (Pers.) Duby; Bot. Gall. 1: 529 (1828)
= Triticum repens var. pungens (Pers.) Fr.; Novit. Fl. Svec.: 83 (1823)
= Triticum repens var. ramificum Link; Linnaea 9: 133 (1835)
species :
Elymus purpurascens (Keng) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95(7-8): 448 (1984)
Distribution: China (Gansu, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Qinghai, Yunnan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Roegneria purpurascens Keng ex Keng & S.L.Chen; J. Nanjing Univ. (Nat. Sci.) 3: 56 (1963)
= Elymus purpurascens (Keng) S.L.Chen; Fl. China 22: 417 (2006), isonym
species :
Elymus qingnanensis S.L.Lu & Y.H.Wu; Fl. Kunlunica 4: 560 (2013)
Distribution: China (Qinghai)
36 CHI
species :
Elymus repens (L.) Gould; Madrono 9: 127 (1947)
subspecies :
subsp. repens
Name: Gemeine Quecke (DE); Quackgrass (EN); Grama rastrera (ES)
Distribution: Iceland; Faeroe Isl.; England; Ireland; Denmark; Norway; Sweden; Finland; Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; Andorra; Baleares; France; Channel Isl.; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Malta; San Marino; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; N-European Russia; W-European Russia; Ukraine; Crimea; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Azores (Faial); Madeira (Madeira Isl.); Canary Isl. (Gran Canaria, Tenerife); Cameroon [I]; South Africa [I] (Cape Prov. [I]); Siberia (Altai, Buryatia, Chita, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva, W-Siberia, Yakutia); Russian Far East (Amur, Kamchatka, Khabarovsk, Kuril Isl., Magadan, Primorye, Sakhalin); Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl.; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq); Iran (EC-Iran, N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Wakhan, Bamyan, Ghazni, Ghorat, Herat, Kabul, Wardak, Paktia / Khost, Parwan); Cyprus (C-Mountains); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon); China (Gansu, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Nei Mongol, Qinghai, Shandong, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Yunnan); Tibet; Mongolia; South Korea [I]; Japan [I] (Hokkaido [I], Honshu [I]); Pakistan (Baluchistan, Kurram, Chitral, Swat, Astor, Baltistan, Gilgit); N-India (Jammu & Kashmir); Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); New Zealand [I]; Chatham Isl. [I]; Auckland Isl. [I]; Fed. States of Micronesia [I] (Ifaluk [I]); Alaska [I]; Greenland [I]; Canada [I] (Yukon [I], N.W.T. [I], Nunavut [I], Canadian Arctic Isl. [I], British Columbia [I], Alberta [I], Saskatchewan [I], Manitoba [I], Ontario [I], Québec [I], Labrador [I], Newfoundland [I], Isle Anticosti [I], New Brunswick [I], Nova Scotia [I], Prince Edward Isl. [I]); USA [I] (Washington [I], Oregon [I], California [I], Nevada [I], Idaho [I], Montana [I], Wyoming [I], Utah [I], Colorado [I], Arizona [I], New Mexico [I], North Dakota [I], South Dakota [I], Nebraska [I], Kansas [I], Oklahoma [I], Texas [I], Minnesota [I], Iowa [I], Missouri [I], Arkansas [I], Wisconsin [I], Illinois [I], Michigan [I], Indiana [I], Ohio [I], Kentucky [I], Tennessee [I], South Carolina [I], North Carolina [I], West Virginia [I], Virginia [I], Maryland [I], Delaware [I], New Jersey [I], Pennsylvania [I], New York [I], Vermont [I], New Hampshire [I], Connecticut [I], Massachusetts [I], Rhode Island [I], Maine [I]); Mexico [I]; Brazil [I]; Argentina [I]; Chile [I] (Metropolitana de Santiago [I], Araucanía [I], Los Lagos [I], Magallanes [I]); Falkland Isl. [I]; South Georgia Isl. [I]
10 DEN FIN FOR GRB ICE IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 ADO BAL CIS COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS MLT MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SMA SRB TUE 14 BLR EST KRY LAT LIT RUS UKR 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN 21 AZO CNY MDR 23 cmn 27 saf 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG CYP EAI IRN IRQ LEB TUR 36 CHI TIB 37 MON 38 jap kor 40 IND PAK 50 aus 51 auc ctm nzl 62 mic 70 ask cdn gnl 71 cdn 72 cdn 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa 79 mex 84 bra 85 arg cle 91 fal sge
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron altissimum (Schur) Schur ex P.Candargy; Etude Monogr. Hordees (Archiv. Biol. Veg., Athenes, Fasc. 1) 27, in clavi, 48 (1901)
= Agropyron arundinaceum (Steud.) P.Candargy; Étude Monogr. Hordées: 48 (1901)
= Agropyron bromiforme Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 808 (1866), pro syn.
= Agropyron caldesii Goiran; Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 12: 145 (1880)
= Agropyron collinum Opiz; Naturalientausch 10: 248 (1825)
= Agropyron dumetorum (Roem. & Schult.) Trautv.; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 9: 322 (1884)
= Agropyron elatum Opiz; Seznam: 12 (1852), nom. nud.
= Agropyron firmum J.Presl & C.Presl; Fl. Cech.: 28 (1819)
= Agropyron junceum var. repens (L.) T.Marsson; Allg. Bot. Z. Syst. 7: 154 (1901)
= Agropyron koeleri Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 14: 319 (1913)
= Agropyron leersianum (Wulfen ex Schreb.) Rydb.; Brittonia 1: 85 (1931)
= Agropyron loliiforme Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 808 (1866), pro syn.
= Agropyron multiflorum P.Beauv.; Ess. Agrostogr.: 102 (1812), nom. nud.
= Agropyron nicaeense Goiran; Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital., n. s. 16: 134 (1909), nom. nud.
= Agropyron repens (L.) P.Beauv.; Ess. Agrostogr. 102, 146, 180, pl. 20, f. 2 (1812)
= Agropyron repens f. capillare (Pers.) Rchb.; 140 (1830)
= Agropyron repens f. capillare (Pers.) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 17: 119 (1971 publ. 1972), isonym
= Agropyron repens f. geniculatum Farw.; Rep. (Annual) Commiss. Parks Boulevards Detroit 11: 48 (1900)
= Agropyron repens f. heberhachis Fernald; Rhodora 35: 184 (1933)
= Agropyron repens f. leersianum (Wulfen ex Schreb.) Lindm.; 115 (1926)
= Agropyron repens f. loliiforme Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 808 (1866)
= Agropyron repens f. multiflorum (Pers.) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 17: 119 (1971 publ. 1972)
= Agropyron repens f. pectinatum (F.W.Schultz) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 17: 119 (1971 publ. 1972)
= Agropyron repens f. pilosum (Scribn.) Fernald; Rhodora 35: 184 (1933)
= Agropyron repens f. podperae Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 17: 119 (1971 publ. 1972)
= Agropyron repens f. setiferum Fernald; Rhodora 35: 184 (1933)
= Agropyron repens f. stenophyllum (Asch. & Graebn.) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 17: 119 (1971 publ. 1972)
= Agropyron repens f. stoloniferum Farw.; Rep. (Annual) Commiss. Parks Boulevards Detroit 11: 48 (1900)
= Agropyron repens f. subpubescens Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 17: 119 (1971 publ. 1972)
= Agropyron repens f. subulatiforme Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 17: 119 (1971 publ. 1972)
= Agropyron repens f. trichorrhachis Rohlena; Contr. Arctic Inst. 9F: 46 (1958)
= Agropyron repens f. vaillantianum (Wulfen ex Schreb.) Fernald; Rhodora 35: 184 (1933)
= Agropyron repens f. viride (T.Marsson) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 17: 120 (1971 publ. 1972)
= Agropyron repens lusus semiverticillatum (Waisb.) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 17: 119 (1971 publ. 1972)
= Agropyron repens subsp. dumetorum (Hoffm.) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 123 (1890)
= Agropyron repens subsp. majus (Parl.) Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital.: 801 (1882)
= Agropyron repens subsp. vaillantianum (Wulfen ex Schreb.) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 123 (1890)
= Agropyron repens subsp. virescens Asch. ex K.Richt.; 123 (1890)
= Agropyron repens subvar. pubescens (Döll) Litard.; Arch. Bot. Mém. 2: 11 (1928), nom. illeg.
= Agropyron repens var. altissimum Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 808 (1866)
= Agropyron repens var. angustifolium Grossh.; 20 (1923)
= Agropyron repens var. aristatum (Döll) Roshev.; Trudy Glavn. Bot. Sada 38: 141 (1924), nom. illeg.
= Agropyron repens var. aristatum Baumg.; Enum. Stirp. Transsilv. 3: 269 (1817)
= Agropyron repens var. aristatum Roshev.; Trudy Glavn. Bot. Sada 38: 141 (1924), nom. illeg.
= Agropyron repens var. arundinaceum (Fr.) Lange; Haandb. Danske Fl.: 47 (1851)
= Agropyron repens var. arvense (Schreb.) Anghel & Morariu; IFl. Republ. Social. Roman. 12: 609 (1972), isonym
= Agropyron repens var. arvense (Schreb.) H.C.Hall; 124 (1821)
= Agropyron repens var. arvense (Schreb.) Rchb.; Fl. Germ. Excurs.: 140 (1831), isonym
= Agropyron repens var. atherotum Peterm.; Fl. Lips. Excurs.: 71 (1838)
= Agropyron repens var. atlantis Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 33: 100 (1942)
= Agropyron repens var. barbatum De Wild. & T.Durand; Prodr. Fl. Belg. 3: 138 (1899)
= Agropyron repens var. bispiculatum Roshev.; Fl. Zabaical. 1: 98 (1929)
= Agropyron repens var. bromiforme Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 808 (1866)
= Agropyron repens var. capillare (Pers.) Rchb.; Fl. Germ. Excurs.: 140 (1831), isonym
= Agropyron repens var. capillare (Pers.) Roem. & Schult.; 755 (1817)
= Agropyron repens var. distans Lange; Haandb. Danske Fl., ed. 4: 49 (1886)
= Agropyron repens var. dumetorum (Honck.) Roem. & Schult.; Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis] 2: 755 (1817)
= Agropyron repens var. firmum (J.Presl & C.Presl) Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 809 (1866), isonym
= Agropyron repens var. firmum (J.Presl. & C.Presl) Lange; Haandb. Danske Fl.: 47 (1851)
= Agropyron repens var. glaucescens C.Presl; Fl. Sicul.: 46 (1826)
= Agropyron repens var. glaucum (Döll) Maire; Fl. Afrique N. 3: 326 (1955), nom. illeg.
= Agropyron repens var. glaucum Bluff & Nees; Bluff & Fingerh., Comp. Fl. German., ed. 2, 1(1): 198 (1836)
= Agropyron repens var. glaucum Maire; Fl. Afrique N. 3: 326 (1955), nom. illeg.
= Agropyron repens var. hirsutifolium Chevall.; Fl. Gén. Env. Paris 2: 193 (1827)
= Agropyron repens var. imbricatum (Lam.) Roem. & Schult.; 755 (1817)
= Agropyron repens var. kozlowskyanum Grossh.; 19 (1923)
= Agropyron repens var. leersianum (Wulfen ex Schreb.) Roem. & Schult.; Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis] 2: 755 (1817)
= Agropyron repens var. majus Parl.; Fl. Ital. 1: 497 (1850)
= Agropyron repens var. microstachyum Albert; Albert & Jahand., Cat. Pl. Vasc. Var: 563 (1908)
= Agropyron repens var. mucronatum Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 808 (1866)
= Agropyron repens var. multiflorum Bréb.; Fl. Normandie, éd. 3: 364 (1859)
= Agropyron repens var. muticum Baumg.; 269 (1817)
= Agropyron repens var. muticum Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 808 (1866)
= Agropyron repens var. nemorale (Andersson) Farw.; Rep. (Annual) Michigan Acad. Sci. 6: 203 (1904)
= Agropyron repens var. pilosum Scribn.; E. L. Rand & J. H. Redfield, Fl. Mt. Desert Isl.: 183 (1894)
= Agropyron repens var. pseudolittoreum Podp.; Kvetna Mor. Rakousk. Slezska 6: 83 (1926)
= Agropyron repens var. pubescens (Döll) Tzvelev; Fl. Severo-Vostoka Evropeiskoi Chasti SSSR 1: 117 (1974)
= Agropyron repens var. pubescens Albert; Albert & Jahand., Cat. Pl. Vasc. Var: 563 (1908)
= Agropyron repens var. pubescens Podp.; Kvetena Moravy 6: 258 (1926)
= Agropyron repens var. recurvum Grossh.; Bot. Mater. Gerb. Glavn. Bot. Sada R.S.F.S.R. 3: 20 (1923)
= Agropyron repens var. squarrosum Lange; Haandb. Danske Fl., ed. 4: 49 (1886)
= Agropyron repens var. subulatum (Schreb.) Podp.; Kvetena Moravy (Prace Marav. Prir. Spolc.) 6: 85 (1926), isonym
= Agropyron repens var. subulatum (Schreb.) Roem. & Schult.; Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis] 2: 754 (1817)
= Agropyron repens var. trichosum Morariu; Bul. Grad. Bot. Univ. Cluj 22: 56 (1942)
= Agropyron repens var. tudensis Merino; Fl. Galicia 3: 388 (1909)
= Agropyron repens var. vaillantianum (Wulfen & Schreb.) Roem. & Schult.; Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis] 2: 755 (1817)
= Agropyron repens var. vulgare Döll; Fl. Baden: 128 (1857)
= Agropyron rifeum Sennen & Mauricio; Cat. Fl. Rif Orient.: 136 (1933), nom. nud.
= Agropyron sachalinense Honda; J. Fac. Agric., Sapporo 26: 177 (1931)
= Agropyron subulatiforme f. viride (T.Marsson) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 17: 120 (1971 publ. 1972)
= Agropyron vaillantianum (Wulfen & Schreb.) Trautv.; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 9: 323 (1884)
= Braconotia officinarum (L.) Godr.; Fl. Lorraine 3: 192 (1844)
= Bromus glaber Scop.; Fl. Carniol., ed. 2, 1: 84 (1771), nom. illeg.
= Bromus villosus Scop.; Fl. Carniol., ed. 2, 1: 83 (1771)
= Elymus campestris subsp. maritimus (W.D.J.Koch & Ziz) Lambinon; Nouv. Fl. Belg., ed. 5: 1047 (2004), with incorrect basionym.
= Elymus caninus Roth; Tent. Fl. Germ. 1: 51 (1788), nom. illeg.
= Elymus dumetorum (Honck.) Hoffm.; Deutschl. Fl., ed. 2, 1: 64 (1800)
= Elymus neogaeus Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 349 (1854)
= Elymus repens subsp. arenosus (Petif) Melderis; Bot. Jour. Linn. Soc. 76: 379 (1978)
= Elymus repens subsp. atlantis (Maire) Ibn Tattou; Bocconea 8: 218 (1998)
= Elymus repens var. aristatus (Baumg.) Melderis & D.C.McClint.; D. McClintock, Suppl. Wild Flow. Guernsey: 48 (1987), nom. illeg.
= Elymus repens var. aristatus (Döll) Prokh.; Trudy Bot. Inst. Kharkov Univ. 3: 176 (1938)
= Elymus repens var. dumetorum (Hoffm.) Prokh.; Trudy Bot. Inst. Kharkov Univ. 3: 176 (1938)
= Elymus repens var. subulatus (Roem. & Schult.) Szczep.; Acta Soc. Bot. Poloniae 78: 58 (2009)
= Elymus vaillantianus (Wulfen & Schreb.) K.B.Jensen; Genome 32(4): 645 (1989)
= Elytrigia ikonnikovii Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 38: 114 (2006)
= Elytrigia levadica Kuvaev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 24: 20 (1987)
= Elytrigia repens (L.) Desv. ex B.D.Jacks.; Index Kew. 1: 836 (1893)
= Elytrigia repens (L.) Nevski; Acta Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS, Ser. 1, Fasc. 1, 14 (1933), in adnot.
= Elytrigia repens subsp. arenosa (Petif) Á.Löve; Taxon, 29(2-3): 351 (1980)
= Elytrigia repens subsp. atlantis (Maire) Ibn Tattou; Bocconea 8: 218 (1998)
= Elytrigia repens subsp. longiaristata N.R.Cui; Fl. Xinjiangensis 6: 602 (1996)
= Elytrigia repens var. aristata (Baumg.) P.D.Sell; Sell & Murrell, Fl. Great Britain Ireland 5: 363 (1996), nom. illeg.
= Elytrigia repens var. bispiculata (Roshev.) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 12: 225 (1975)
= Elytrigia repens var. glauca (Döll) Tzvelev; Spis. Rast. Gerb. Fl. SSSR, 20(107-110): 15 (1975), et in Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 12: 125 (1975)
= Elytrigia repens var. pubescens (Döll) Prokudin; Trudy Nauchno-Issl. Inst. Bot. 3: 190 (1938 publ. 1939)
= Elytrigia repens var. subulatum (Roem. & Schult.) Seberg & G.Petersen; Bot. Jahrb., 120(4): 538 (1998)
= Elytrigia repens var. vaillantiana (Wulfen ex Schreb.) Prokudin; Trudy Nauk.-Dosl. Inst. Bot. Khar´kivs´k. Derzh. Univ. Gor´kogo 3: 189 (1938 publ. 1939)
= Elytrigia vaillantiana (Wulfen ex Schreb.) Beetle; Phytologia 55: 211 (1984)
= Elytrigia ×dominii V.Jirásek; Preslia 26: 176 (1954), nom. nud.
= Frumentum repens (L.) E.H.L.Krause; Bot. Centralbl. 73: 340 (1898)
= Michelaria villosa Dumort. ex Thielens; Mem. Soc. Sci. Hainault, III 5: 200 (1870), nom. illeg.
= Trisetum repens (L.) Macloskie; Rep. Princeton Univ. Exp. Patagonia, Botany 8: 205 (1904)
= Triticum arundinaceum Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 343 (1854)
= Triticum arvense Schreb.; A. F. Schweigger & F. Körte, Fl. Erlang. 1: 143 (1811)
= Triticum dumetorum Honck.; Verz. Gew. Teutschl.: 363 (1782)
= Triticum dumetorum Schreb.; A. F. Schweigger & F. Körte, Fl. Erlang. 1: 143 (1811), nom. illeg.
= Triticum firmum (J.Presl & C.Presl) Link; Hort. Berol. 2: 188 (1833)
= Triticum glaucum Host; Icon. Descr. Gram. Austriac. 4: 6 (1809), nom. illeg.
= Triticum imbricatum Lam.; Tabl. Encycl. 1: 212 (1792)
= Triticum infestum Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton: 27 (1796), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Triticum intermedium Hegetschw.; Fl. Schweiz: 102 (1839), nom. illeg.
= Triticum leersianum Wulfen ex Schreb.; Schweigg. & Koerte, Fl. Erlang. 1: 144 (1811)
= Triticum multiflorum Steud.; Nomencl. Bot.: 855 (1821), pro syn.
= Triticum ramosum Beck ex Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 841 (1882), pro syn.
= Triticum repens f. dumetorum (Roem. & Schult.) Döll; Fl. Baden 1: 128 (1855)
= Triticum repens f. leersianum (Wulfen ex Schreb.) Junge; Gramin. Schlesw.-Host.: 296 (1913), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Triticum repens f. pubescens Döll; Fl. Baden: 129 (1855)
= Triticum repens f. sepium Döll; Fl. Baden 1: 129 (1855)
= Triticum repens f. vaillantianum (Wulfen ex Schreb.) Döll; 129 (1855)
= Triticum repens f. viride T.Marsson; Fl. Neu-Vorpommern: 599 (1869)
= Triticum repens L.; Sp. Pl. 86 (1753)
= Triticum repens subsp. aristatum Schübl. & G.Martens; Fl. Würtemberg: 47 (1834)
= Triticum repens subsp. muticum Schübl. & G.Martens; Fl. Würtemberg: 47 (1834)
= Triticum repens subvar. dumetorum (Roem. & Schult.) Asch. & Graebn.; Fl. Nordostdeut. Flachl.: 123 (1898)
= Triticum repens subvar. sepium (Döll) Asch. & Graebn.; Fl. Nordostdeut. Flachl.: 123 (1898)
= Triticum repens var. agreste Andersson; Pl. Scand. 2: 4 (1852)
= Triticum repens var. arenosum Petif; Enum. Pl. Palat.: 16 (1830), nom. illeg.
= Triticum repens var. aristatum Döll; Fl. Baden: 128 (1857), nom. illeg.
= Triticum repens var. aristatum Hornem.; 32 (1827), nom. illeg.
= Triticum repens var. aristatum Link; Linnaea 17: 397 (1843), nom. illeg.
= Triticum repens var. aristatum Roth; 51 (1788), nom. inval., et 148 (1789)
= Triticum repens var. aristatum Spenn.; 161 (1825)
= Triticum repens var. arvense (Schreb.) Ten.; Fl. Napol. 3: 107 (1824)
= Triticum repens var. boreale Laest.; Bot. Not. 1856: 77 (1856)
= Triticum repens var. capillare Pers.; Syn. Pl. 1: 109 (1805)
= Triticum repens var. compactum Vasey; Rothr., Rep. U.S. Geogr. Surv., Wheeler 6: 293 (1879)
= Triticum repens var. domesticum Laest.; Bot. Not. 1856: 78 (1856)
= Triticum repens var. dubium Laest.; Bot. Not. 1856: 77 (1856)
= Triticum repens var. dumetorum (Roem. & Schult.) Klett & Richt.; Fl. Leipzig: 120 (1830)
= Triticum repens var. hirsutum T.Marsson; 599 (1869)
= Triticum repens var. imbricatum (Lam.) J.Becker; 123 (1827)
= Triticum repens var. intermedium Fr.; Novit. Fl. Svec.: 84 (1823)
= Triticum repens var. leersianum (Wulfen ex Schreb.) Boenn.; Prodr. Fl. Monast. Westphal.: 37 (1824), isonym
= Triticum repens var. leersianum (Wulfen ex Schreb.) K.G.Hagen; 48 (1819)
= Triticum repens var. litoreum Andersson; Pl. Scand. 2: 5 (1852)
= Triticum repens var. major Döll; Rhein. Fl.: 69 (1843)
= Triticum repens var. maritimum Sm. ex Roth; Neue Beytr. Bot. 1: 136 (1802)
= Triticum repens var. minus Hook.; Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 254 (1840)
= Triticum repens var. multiflorum Pers.; Syn. Pl. 1: 109 (1805)
= Triticum repens var. muticum Roth; 51 (1788), nom. inval., et 148 (1789)
= Triticum repens var. nanum Hook.; Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 254 (1840)
= Triticum repens var. nemorale Andersson; Pl. Scand. 2: 4 (1852)
= Triticum repens var. nemorale Hook.f.; 454 (1870)
= Triticum repens var. obtusum Syme; 179 (1877)
= Triticum repens var. pectinatum F.W.Schultz; Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 40: 81 (1899)
= Triticum repens var. pubescens Döll; Fl. Baden: 130 (1857)
= Triticum repens var. sabulicola Pancic; Fl. Serbiae: 769 (1874)
= Triticum repens var. semiverticillatum Waisb.; Köszeg Vid. Növ., ed. 2: 14 (1891)
= Triticum repens var. sepium (Döll) Kuntze; Taschen-Fl. Leipzig: 36 (1867), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Triticum repens var. stenophyllum Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 646 (1901)
= Triticum repens var. subulatum (Roem. & Schult.) Boenn.; Prodr. Fl. Monast. Westphal.: 36 (1824)
= Triticum repens var. vaillantianum (Wulfen ex Schreb.) K.G.Hagen; 47 (1819)
= Triticum repens var. vulgare Döll; Fl. Baden: 128 (1857)
= Triticum reptans Clairv.; Man. Herbor. Suisse: 26 (1811)
= Triticum sepium Thuill.; Fl. Env. Paris, ed. 2: 67 (1799), nom. illeg.
= Triticum subaristatum Link; Linnaea 17: 395 (1847)
= Triticum subulatum Schreb.; Schweigg., Fl. Erlang. 1: 143 (1811) [nom. illeg., non Solander ex Russell 1794]
= Triticum vaillantianum Wulfen ex Schreb.; Schweigg. & Koerte, Fl. Erlang. 1: 143 (1811)
= Zeia repens (L.) Lunell; Amer. Midl. Nat. 4: 227 (1915)
subspecies :
subsp. caesius (J.Presl & C.Presl) Soó; Magyar Fl. Veg. 6: 185 (1980)
Distribution: Hungary; E-Europe; etc.
11 HUN
Remarks: status uncertain, probably only a variety
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron caesium J.Presl & C.Presl; Delic. Prag.: 213 (1822)
= Agropyron caninum f. caesium (J.Presl & C.Presl) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 17: 119 (1971 publ. 1972)
= Agropyron repens subsp. caesium (C.Presl) P.Fourn.; Quatre Fl. France: 90 (1934), isonym
= Agropyron repens subsp. caesium (C.Presl) Podp.; Kvetna Mor. Rakousk. Slezska 6: 85 (1926)
= Agropyron repens subsp. caesium (J.Presl & C.Presl) Rothm.; Feddes Repert. 67(1-3): 3 (1963), isonym
= Agropyron repens var. caesium (J.Presl & C.Presl) Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 808 (1866)
= Agropyron repens var. caesium Schur; 182 (1850), nom. inval.
= Agropyron repens var. glaucum M.Loehr; 785 (1852)
= Elymus caesius (J.Presl & C.Presl) G.H.Loos; Jahrb. Bochum. Bot. Vereins 125 (2010)
= Elymus repens subsp. caesius (J.Presl & C.Presl) Oberd.; 231 (1983), isonym
= Elymus repens var. caesius (J.Presl & C.Presl) Prokh.; Trudy Bot. Inst. Kharkov Univ. 3: 176 (1938)
= Elytrigia repens subsp. caesia (J.Presl & C.Presl) Dostál; Folia Mus. Rerum Nat. Bohemiae Occid., Bot. 21: 16 (1984)
= Elytrigia repens subsp. caesia (J.Presl & C.Presl) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 38: 80 (2006), isonym
= Elytrigia repens var. caesia (J.Presl & C.Presl) Gutte; 196 (2006), isonym
= Elytrigia repens var. caesia (J.Presl & C.Presl) Prokudin; Trudy Nauchno-Issl. Inst. Bot. 3: 189 (1938 publ. 1939)
= Elytrigia repens var. glauca (Döll) Gutte; 196 (2006), nom. inval.
= Triticum caesium (J.Presl & C.Presl) Kunth; Révis. Gramin. 1: 145 (1829)
= Triticum caesium f. aristatum Zapal.; 193 (1905), nom. inval.
= Triticum caesium f. majus Zapal.; 193 (1905)
= Triticum caesium f. mucronatum Zapal.; 193 (1905), nom. inval.
= Triticum caesium f. subulatum Zapal.; 193 (1905), nom. inval.
= Triticum caesium var. intermedium Zapal.; 192 (1905)
= Triticum repens var. caesium (J.Presl & C.Presl) Heynh.; Nom. Bot. Hort.: 824 (1841)
= Triticum repens var. glaucescens Wallr.; Sched. Crit.: 40 (1822)
= Triticum repens var. glaucum Döll; Fl. Baden: 130 (1855), nom. illeg.
= Triticum repens var. glaucum Pers.; Syn. Pl. 1: 109 (1805)
subspecies :
subsp. calcareus (Cernjavski) Melderis; Bot. Jour. Linn. Soc. 76: 380 (1978)
Distribution: S-Macedonia (Mt. Petrinia)
13 NMA
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron calcareum Cernjavski; Novit. Syst. Pl. Vasc., Acad. Sci. URSS, 304 (1966)
= Elytrigia calcarea (Cernjavski) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 12(4): 426 (1977)
= Elytrigia repens subsp. calcarea (Cernjavski) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95(7-8): 485 (1984)
subspecies :
subsp. elongatiformis (Drobow) Melderis; Bot. Jour. Linn. Soc. 76: 379 (1978)
Distribution: SE-European Russia; S- & E-Ukraine; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey; Iran; China (Xinjiang)
14 RUS UKR 32 TKM UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN TUR 36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron elongatiforme Drobow; A. I. Vvedensky et al., Key Fl. Tashkent 1: 40 (1923)
= Agropyron maeoticum (Prokudin) Prokudin; Fl. RSS Ucr. ii 343 (1940)
= Agropyron maeoticum (Prokudin) Prokudin ex Des.-Shost. & Schalyt; Trav. Inst. Bot., Univ. Kharkov 2: 111, nomen. (1937)
= Agropyron repens subsp. elongatiforme (Drobow) D.R.Dewey; Syst. Bot. 5(1): 70 (1980)
= Campeiostachys elongatiformis (Drobow) Sennikov; Checkl. Vasc. Pl. Tian-Shan 69 (2021)
= Elymus elongatiformis (Drobow) Assadi; Willdenowia, 26(1-2): 268 (1996)
= Elytrigia elongatiformis (Drobow) Nevski; Acta Univ. As. Med. Ser. VIII b, Bot. Fasc. 17, 61 (1934), in clavi
= Elytrigia maeotica (Prokudin) Prokudin; Proc. Bot. Inst., Kharkov State Univ. 3: 183, rossice. (1938)
= Elytrigia quercetorum Prokudin; Trudy Nauchno-Issl. Inst. Bot. 4: 141 (1941)
= Elytrigia repens subsp. elongatiformis (Drobow) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 10: 31 (1973)
subspecies :
subsp. littoreus (Schumach.) Conert; G. Hegi, Illustr. Fl. Mitteleur, ed. 3, 1:(3: Lief. 10): 798 (1997)
Distribution: Europe; Denmark; Belgium; Germany (Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Schleswig-Holstein); European Russia
10 DEN 11 BGM GER 14 RUS
Remarks: Not a hybrid, but a pollenfertile, littoral subspecies of E. repens. It was for a long time confused with xThinoelymus laxus.
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron repens f. aristatum (Schumach.) Holmb.; Skand. Fl. 2: 274 (1926)
= Agropyron repens subsp. littoreum (Schumach.) Cif. & Giacom.; Nomencl. Fl. Ital. 1: 47 (1950)
= Agropyron repens var. littoreum (Schumach.) Hegi; Ill. Fl. Mitt.-Eur. 1: 385 (1907)
= Agropyron ×littoreum (Schumach.) O.Schwarz; Mitt. Thüring. Bot. Ges. 1: 86 (1949), isonym
= Agropyron ×littoreum (Schumach.) Rouy; Fl. France 14: 319 (1913)
= Elymus repens f. aristatus (Schumach.) Stace; Edinburgh J. Bot. 76: 178 (2018), nom. illeg.
= Elymus ×littoreus (Schumach.) Lambinon; Nouv. Fl. Belgique, Luxembourg, N. France et Rég. vois. (ed. 3): 922 (1983)
= Elytrigia repens f. aristata (Schumach.) Beetle; Phytologia 55: 211 (1984)
= Elytrigia repens var. littoralis (Bab.) Krisch; Jäger & K. Werner, 865 (2001), nom. inval.
= Elytrigia ×littorea (Schumach.) Hyl.; Nord. Karlväxtfl. 1: 369 (1953), Hyl. in Bot. Notiser 357 (1953)
= Triticum repens var. aristatum Schumach.; Enum. Pl. Saell. 1: 38 (1801), nom. illeg.
= Triticum repens var. littorale Bab.; 376 (1843)
= Triticum repens var. littoreum (Schumach.) Hook.f.; 454 (1870)
= Triticum repens var. maritimum Roth; 137 (1802)
= Triticum ×littoreum Schumach.; Enum. Pl. Saell. 1: 38 (1801)
subspecies :
subsp. pseudocaesius (Pacz.) Melderis; Bot. Jour. Linn. Soc. 76: 379 (1978)
Distribution: SE-European Russia; S-Ukraine; Siberia (W-Siberia); Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]
14 RUS UKR 30 SIB 33 GEO NCS
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron pseudocaesium (Pacz.) Zoz; J. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. Ukraine, Nos. 13-14 (21-22), 205 (1937)
= Agropyron repens subsp. pseudocaesium (Pacz.) Lavrenko; V. L. Kom. (ed.), Fl. URSS 1: 210 (1935)
= Agropyron repens var. pseudocaesium Pacz.; Zap. Novorossiisk. Obshch. Estestvoisp. 39: 30 (1912), nom. nud.
= Elytrigia pseudocaesia (Pacz.) Prokudin; Proc. Bot. Inst., Kharkov State Univ. 3: 186 (1938)
= Elytrigia repens subsp. pseudocaesia (Pacz.) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 10: 31 (1973)
species :
Elymus retroflexus B.Rong Lu & B.Salomon; Nordic J. Bot. 13: 355, f. 2 (1993)
Distribution: Tibet
36 TIB
Synonyms: hidden
= Roegneria retroflexa (B.Rong Lu & B.Salomon) L.B.Cai; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 35(2): 161 (1997)
species :
Elymus rhodopaeus Delip.; Opred. Rast. Bulg. 491 (2011)
Distribution: Bulgaria
13 BUL
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
Synonyms: hidden
= Elytrigia caespitosa subsp. rhodopaea Delip.; Opred. Rast. Bulg.: 457 (1992)
species :
Elymus riparius Wiegand; Rhodora 20: 84 (1918)
Name: Riverbank wildrye
Distribution: Canada (Ontario, Québec); USA (Texas, Iowa, Missouri, Arkansas, Wisconsin, Illinois, Michigan, Indiana, Ohio, Kentucky, Tennessee, N-Mississippi, Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, West Virginia, Virginia, Maryland, Delaware, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, New York, Vermont, New Hampshire, Connecticut, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Maine); Mexico (Durango)
72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Elymus canadensis var. riparius (Wiegand) B.Boivin; Naturaliste Canad. 94: 524 (1967)
species :
Elymus russellii (Melderis) Cope; Fl. Pakistan, 143: 618 (1982)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Wakhan); Pakistan (Karakorum); NW-India (Jammu & Kashmir)
34 AFG 40 IND PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron russellii Melderis; Bor, Grasses Myanmar, Ceyl., Ind. & Pakist. 694 (1960)
= Roegneria russellii (Melderis) J.L.Yang & C.Yen; Canad. J. Bot. 69(2): 291 (1991)
species :
Elymus sajanensis (Nevski) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 9: 61 (1972)
Name: Tundra wildrye
Distribution: Siberia (Altai, Buryatia, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva, Yakutia); Russian Far East (Amur, Kamchatka, Khabarovsk, Kuril Isl., Magadan, Primorye, Sakhalin); Alaska; Greenland; Canada (Northern Territories, Nunavut, Yukon)
30 SIB 31 RFE 70 ASK CDN GNL
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron boreale subsp. hyperarcticum (Polunin) Melderis; Ark. Bot., a.s., 7(1): 19 (1967 publ. 1968)
= Agropyron boreale var. hyperarcticum (Polunin) S.L.Welsh; Anderson, Fl. Alaska: 546 (1974)
= Agropyron sajanense (Nevski) Grubov; Consp. Fl. Mongolia 76 (1955) p. p. quoad nomen
= Agropyron violaceum var. hyperarcticum Polunin; Bull. Natl. Mus. Canada 92 (Biol. Ser. 24): 95. pl. 4. (1940)
= Elymus alaskanus subsp. hyperarcticus (Polunin) Á.Löve & D.Löve; Bot. Not. 128(4): 502 (1975)[1976]
= Elymus alaskanus subsp. sajanensis (Nevski) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95(7-8): 463 (1984)
= Elymus alaskanus subsp. villosus (V.N.Vassil.) Á.Löve & D.Löve; Bot. Not. 128: 502 (1975 publ. 1976)
= Elymus hyperarcticus (Polunin) Tzvelev; Arktic. Fl. SSSR 2:44 (1964)
= Elymus hyperarcticus subsp. villosus (V.N.Vassil.) Vorosch.; Byull. Mosk. Obshch. Ispyt. Prir., Biol. 95(2): 91 (1990)
= Elymus laxepilosus (Jurtzev) A.P.Khokhr.; Fl. Magadansk. Obl.: 68 (1985), no exact basionym page.
= Elymus sajanensis subsp. coeruleus (Jurtzev) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 32: 182 (2000)
= Elymus sajanensis subsp. hyperarcticus (Polunin) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 10: 24 (1973)
= Elymus sajanensis subsp. villosus (V.N.Vassil.) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 10: 24 (1973)
= Elymus vassiljevii Czerep.; Sosud. Rast. SSSR: 351 (1981) [nom. nov. for Roegneria villosa V. N. Vassil. 1954]
= Elymus vassiljevii subsp. coeruleus (Jurtzev) Czerep.; Vasc. Pl. Russia & Adj. States (former USSR): 364 (1995)
= Elymus vassiljevii subsp. laxepilosus (Jurtzev) Czerep.; Vasc. Pl. Russia & Adj. States (former USSR): 364 (1995)
= Elymus vassiljevii var. laxepilosus (Jurtzev) Tzvelev; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 93(10): 1595 (2008)
= Roegneria borealis subsp. hyperarctica (Polunin) Á.Löve & D.Löve; Acta Horti Gothob. 20: 188 (1956)
= Roegneria borealis var. hyperarctica (Polunin) Melderis; Svensk Bot. Tidskr. 44: 161 (1950)
= Roegneria hyperarctica (Polunin) Tzvelev; Fl. Arct. URSS, Fasc. 2, 244 (1964)
= Roegneria sajanensis Nevski; Kom., Fl. URSS 2: 624 (1934)
= Roegneria villosa subsp. coerulea Jurtzev; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 74(1): 113 (1989)
= Roegneria villosa subsp. laxe-pilosa Jurtzev; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 66(7): 1041 (1981)
= Roegneria villosa V.N.Vassil.; Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS 16: 57 (1954) non Elymus villosus Muhl. ex Willd. (1909)
species :
Elymus scabridulus (Ohwi) Tzvelev; Akad. Nauk SSSR Bot. Inst. Komarova, Rast. Tsentral. Azii, Fasc. 4, 218 (1968)
Distribution: China (Gansu, Henan, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Xinjiang)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron gmelinii var. breviaristatum Keng; J. Nanjing Univ. (Biol.) 1963(1): 35 (1963), pro syn.
= Agropyron scabridulum Ohwi; J. Jap. Bot. 19: 166 (1943)
= Agropyron sinicum Keng; J. Nanjing Univ. (Biol.) 1963(1): 33 (1963), pro syn.
= Elymus semicostatus subsp. scabridulus (Ohwi) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95(7-8): 454 (1984)
= Elymus sinicus (Keng) S.L.Chen; Novon 7(3): 229 (1997)
= Elymus sinicus var. medius (Keng) S.L.Chen & G.H.Zhu; Novon 12: 427 (2002)
= Roegneria media (Keng & S.L.Chen) L.B.Cai; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 35(2): 175 (1997)
= Roegneria scabridula (Ohwi) Melderis; Norl., Fl. Mongol. Steppe 1: 122 (1949)
= Roegneria sinica Keng; J. Nanjing Univ. (Biol.) 1963(1): 33 (1963)
= Roegneria sinica var. angustifolia C.P.Wang & X.L.Yang; Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin 4(4): 88 (1984)
= Roegneria sinica var. media Keng; Keng & S. L. Chen, J. Nanj. Univ. (Biol.) 1: 35 (1963)
species :
Elymus scabrifolius (Döll) J.H.Hunz.; Darwiniana, 35(1-4): 167 (1998)
Distribution: Uruguay (Canelones, Colonia, Montevideo, Paysandu, San Jose, Soriano); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Catamarca, Chaco, Cordoba, Corrientes, Entre Rios, La Pampa, Santa Fe, Tucuman)
85 ARG URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron attenuatum var. platense Parodi; Revista Mus. La Plata, Secc. Bot. 3: 33 (1940)
= Agropyron condensatum J.Presl; C. Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 1: 226 (1830)
= Agropyron magellanicum unranked condensatum (J.Presl) Speg. ex Macloskie; Rep. Princeton Univ. Exped. Patagonia, Botany 8(1): 246 (1904)
= Agropyron magellanicum var. condensatum (J.Presl) Hauman & Van der Veken; Anales Mus. Nac. Hist. Nat. Buenos Aires 29: 25 (1917)
= Agropyron repens var. scabrifolium (Döll) Arechav.; Anales Mus. Nac. Montevideo 1: 510, pl. 66 (1897)
= Agropyron scabrifolium (Döll) Parodi; Gramin. Bonar., ed. 4, 88 (1946)
= Agropyron subulatum (Nees) Herter; Revista Sudamer. Bot. 6: 147 (1940) [nom. illeg.]
= Elymus breviaristatus subsp. scabrifolius (Döll) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95(7-8): 471 (1984)
= Elymus parodii Seberg & G.Petersen; Bot. Jahrb., 120(4): 530 (1998), nom. nov.
= Elytrigia scabrifolia (Döll) Covas ex J.H.Hunz. & Xifreda; Darwiniana 27(1-4): 562 (1986)
= Triticum condensatum (J.Presl) Kunth; Enum. Pl. 1: 442 (1833)
= Triticum magellanicum var. condensatum (J.Presl) Speg.; Anales Mus. Nac. Hist. Nat. Buenos Aires 5: 99 (1896)
= Triticum repens var. scabrifolium Döll; Mart., Fl. Bras. 2(3): 266 (1880)
= Triticum repens var. subulatum Nees; Mart., Fl. Bras. Enum. Pl. 2: 450 (1829)
species :
Elymus scabriglumis (Hack.) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95(7-8): 472 (1984)
Distribution: Argentina (Buenos Aires, Jujuy, La Pampa, Mendoza, Neuquen, Rio Negro, San Luis, Tucuman); Chile (Antofagasta, Los Lagos, Aisén, Magallanes)
85 ARG CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron agroelymoides (Hicken) Hunz.; Revista Invest. Agríc. 7: 74 (1953)
= Agropyron repens var. scabriglume Hack.; Anales Mus. Nac. Hist. Nat. Buenos Aires 21: 175 (1911)
= Agropyron scabriglume (Hack.) Parodi; Revista Mus. La Plata, n. s., Bot. 3: 28, f. 10, pl. 4 (1940)
= Elymus antarcticus f. agroelymoides Hicken; Physis (Buenos Aires) 2: 8 (1915)
= Elytrigia scabriglumis (Hack.) Covas ex J.H.Hunz. & Xifreda; Darwiniana 27(1-4): 563 (1986)
species :
Elymus schugnanicus (Nevski) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 9: 62 (1972)
Distribution: Tajikistan; Afghanistan (Wakhan, Kunar / Nuristan); Pakistan (Chitral, Swat, Gilgit, Karakorum); NW-India (Jammu & Kashmir, Lahul)
32 TZK 34 AFG 40 IND PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron schugnanicum Nevski; Bull. Jard. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS 30: 512 (1931 publ. 1932)
= Roegneria schugnanica (Nevski) Nevski; Acta Univ. As. Med. Ser. VIII b, Bot. Fasc. 17, 66, in obs., 68, in clavi (1934)
species :
Elymus sclerophyllus (Nevski) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 9: 59 (1972)
Distribution: Tajikistan
32 TZK
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron dolicholepis Melderis; Rech.f., Fl. Iran., Lief. 70, 180 (1970)
= Agropyron transnominatum Bondarenko; Opred. Rast. Sred. Azii 1: 172 (1968)
= Goulardia sclerophylla (Nevski) Ikonn.; Opred. Vyssh. Rast. Badakhshana: 59 (1979)
= Roegneria sclerophylla Nevski; Kom., Fl. URSS 2: 614 (1934)
= Semeiostachys sclerophylla (Nevski) Drobow; Fl. Uzbekist., ed. Schreder 1: 281 (1941), in obs.
species :
Elymus scribneri (Vasey) M.E.Jones; Contr. W. Bot. 14: 20 (1912)
Name: Spreading wheatgrass
Distribution: Canada (Alberta, Ontario); USA (Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, New Mexico, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, Washington State, Wyoming)
71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 76 USA 77 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron scribneri Vasey; Bull. Torr., Bot. Club 10: 128 (1883)
= Elymus trachycaulus subsp. scribneri (Vasey) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95(7-8): 461 (1984)
= Sitanion marginatum Scribn.; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 29: 469 (1902)
species :
Elymus semicostatus (Nees ex Steud.) Melderis; Enum. Fl. Pl. Nepal 1: 132 (1978)
Name: Drooping wildrye
Distribution: Afghanistan (Kabul, Kunar / Nuristan, Laghman, Wardak, Parwan); Pakistan (Kurram, Chitral, Swat, Hazara, Murree, Gilgit, Azad Kashmir); Nepal; NW-India (Jammu & Kashmir, Lahul); USA [I] (Georgia [I], Oregon [I])
34 AFG 40 IND NEP PAK 73 usa 78 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron japonicum Vasey ex Wickson; Rep. Calif. Agric. Exp. Sta. 1895-1897: 275 (1898), nom. nud.
= Agropyron semicostatum (Steud.) P.Candargy; Etude Monogr. Hordees (Archiv. Biol. Veg., Athenes, Fasc. 1) 21, in clavi, 41 (1901)
= Agropyron semicostatum Nees ex Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 346 (1854), pro syn.
= Agropyron semicostatum var. thomsonii Hook.f.; Fl. Brit. India 7: 369 (1896)
= Agropyron striatum (Steud.) Hook.f.; Fl. Brit. India 7: 369 (1896)
= Agropyron striatum (Steud.) P.Candargy; Etude Monogr. Hordees (Archiv. Biol. Veg., Athenes, Fasc. 1) 22, in clavi, 41 (1901)
= Agropyron striatum Nees ex Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 346 (1854)
= Agropyron striatum var. validum Melderis; Bor, Grass. Burma, Ceylon, India & Pakistan: 696 (1960)
= Elymus semicostatus (Nees ex Steud.) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95(7-8): 453 (1984)
= Elymus semicostatus subsp. striatus (Nees ex Steud.) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95(7-8): 454 (1984)
= Elymus semicostatus subsp. thomsonii (Hook.f.) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95(7-8): 453 (1984)
= Elymus semicostatus var. thomsonii (Hook.f.) G.Singh; J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 8(2): 498 (1986)
= Elymus semicostatus var. validus (Melderis) G.Singh; J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 8: 498 (1986)
= Elymus validus (Melderis) B.Salomon; Nordic J. Bot. 14(1): 12 (1994)
= Roegneria semicostata (Steud.) Kitag.; Rep. Inst. Sci. Research Manchoukuo 3: App. 1, 91 (1939)
= Roegneria striata (Steud.) Nevski; Acta Univ. As. Med. Ser. VIII b, Bot. Fasc. 17, 71 (1934), in clavi
= Triticum semicostatum Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 346 (1854)
= Triticum striatum Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 346 (1854)
species :
Elymus serotinus (Keng) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95(7-8): 467 (1984)
Distribution: China (Henan, Qinghai, Shaanxi)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Roegneria serotina Keng ex Keng & S.L.Chen; J. Nanjing Univ. (Nat. Sci.) 3: 50 (1963)
species :
Elymus serpentinus (L.B.Cai) S.L.Chen & G.H.Zhu; Novon 12: 427 (2002)
Distribution: China (Hebei)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Roegneria serpentina L.B.Cai; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 35(2): 167 (1997)
species :
Elymus shandongensis B.Salomon; Willdenowia 19(2): 449-451 (1990)
Distribution: China (Anhui, Guizhou, Henan, Hubei, Jiangsu, Shaanxi, Shandong, Zhejiang); Taiwan
36 CHI 38 TAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Roegneria shandongensis (B.Salomon) L.B.Cai; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 35(2): 166 (April 1997) [isonym
= Roegneria shandongensis (B.Salomon) Y.L.Yang, Y.H.Zhou & C.Yen; Guihaia 17(1): 22 (Feb. 1997)
species :
Elymus shirazicus Assadi; Iran. J. Bot. 23(2): 78 (2017)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Elymus shouliangiae (L.B.Cai) G.H.Zhu; Novon 12: 427 (2002)
Distribution: Tibet (Gyirong)
36 TIB
Synonyms: hidden
= Roegneria shouliangiae L.B.Cai; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 35(2): 161 (1997)
species :
Elymus sibinicus Kotukhov; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 77(6): 93 (1992)
Distribution: Kazakhstan
32 KAZ
species :
Elymus sibiricus L.; Sp. PI.: 83 (1753)
Name: Siberian wildrye (EN), Sibirische Quecke (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Estonia [I]; Latvia [I]; Lithuania [I]; Belarus [I]; C-European Russia [I]; Siberia (Altai, Buryatia, Chita, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva, W-Siberia, Yakutia); Russian Far East (Amur, Kamchatka, Khabarovsk, Magadan, Primorye, Sakhalin); Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; China (Gansu, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Yunnan); Tibet; Mongolia; North Korea; Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu); Nepal; India (Jammu & Kashmir, Sikkim); Alaska; Canada (SE-Yukon, N.W.T., British Columbia, Alberta)
11 ger 14 blr est lat lit rus 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ KGZ TZK 36 CHI TIB 37 MON 38 JAP NKO 40 IND NEP 70 ASK CDN 71 CDN
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromus dubius Jacq. ex Hook.f.; Fl. Brit. India 7: 373 (1896), pro syn.
= Clinelymus sibiricus (L.) Nevski; Bull. Jard. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS 30: 641 (1931 publ. 1932)
= Elymus krascheninnikovii (Roshev.) Roshev.; Izv. Bot. Sada Akad. Nauk SSSR. 30: 780 (1931 publ. 1932)
= Elymus pendulosus H.J.Hodgs.; Rhodora 58: 144 (1956)
= Elymus praetervisus Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 348 (1854)
= Elymus racemosus Poir.; Lam., Encycl., Suppl. 2: 546 (1812), nom. illeg.
= Elymus ramosus Desf.; Tabl. École Bot., ed. 3: 387 (1829)
= Elymus sibiricus var. brachystachys Keng; Sunyatsenia 6: 64 (1941)
= Elymus sibiricus var. erectiusculus L.B.Cai; Acta Biol. Plateau Sin. 14: 10 (1999)
= Elymus sibiricus var. gracilis L.B.Cai; Acta Bot. Boreal.-Occid. Sin. 13(6): 87 (1993), no type.
= Elymus tener L.f.; Suppl. Pl.: 114 (1782)
= Elymus yesoensis Honda; J. Fac. Sci. Univ. Tokyo, Sect. 3, Bot. 3: 16 (1930)
= Hordeum adpressum Moench; Methodus: 199 (1794), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Hordeum sibiricum (L.) Schenck; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 11: 109 (1907), in clavi
= Triticum arktasianum F.Herm.; Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 76: 40 (1936)
species :
Elymus sierrae Gould; Madrono 9(4): 125 (1947) [nom. nov.]
Name: Sierra wildrye
Distribution: USA (California, NW-Nevada)
76 USA
Remarks: often included in E. violaceus
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron caninum f. pringlei (Scribn. & J.G.Sm.) Pease & A.H.Moore; Rhodora 12: 76 (1910)
= Agropyron gmelinii var. pringlei Scribn. & J.G.Sm.; Bull. Div. Agrostol. U.S.D.A. 4: 31 (1897) [non Scribn. & Merr., 1901]
= Agropyron pringlei (Scribn. & Sm.) Hitchc.; Jeps. Fl Calif. 1183 (1912)
= Agropyron spicatum var. pringlei (Scribn. & J.G.Sm.) Jones; Contr. W. Bot. 14: 19 (1912)
= Elymus trachycaulus subsp. sierrus (Gould) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95(7-8): 461 (1984)
species :
Elymus sikkimensis (Melderis) Melderis; Enum. Fl. Pl. Nepal 1: 132 (1978)
Distribution: Nepal; Bhutan; N-India (Sikkim)
40 BHU IND NEP
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron sikkimense Melderis; Bor, Grasses Myanmar, Ceyl., Ind. & Pakist. 694 (1960)
= Elymus sikkimensis (Melderis) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95(7-8): 460 (1984), isonym
species :
Elymus sinkiangensis D.F.Cui; Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin 10(3): 26-27, f. 2 (1990)
Distribution: China (Xinjiang)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Roegneria sinkiangensis (D.F.Cui) L.B.Cai; Bull. Bot. Res. 16(1): 49 (1996)
species :
Elymus sinoflexuosus (L.B.Cai) S.L.Chen & G.H.Zhu; Novon 12: 428 (2002)
Distribution: China (Gansu, Xinjiang)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Roegneria flexuosa L.B.Cai; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 34(3): 330 (1996), not Elymus flexuosus Tausch (1837).
species :
Elymus stebbinsii Gould; Madrono 9(4): 126 (1947), nom. nov.
subspecies :
subsp. stebbinsii
Name: Parish wheatgrass
Distribution: USA (California); Mexico
76 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron laeve (Scribn. & J.G.Sm.) Hitchc.; Jeps., Fl. Calif. 1: 181 (1912)
= Agropyron parishii Scribn. & J.G.Sm.; Bull. Div. Agrostol. U.S.D.A. 4: 28 (1897) [non Elymus parishii Burtt Davy & Merr., 1902]
= Agropyron parishii var. laeve Scribn. & J.G.Sm.; Bull. Div. Agrostol. U.S.D.A. 4: 28 (1897)
= Elymus laevis (Scribn. & J.G.Sm.) Hoover; Leafl. West. Bot. 10: 339 (1966)
= Elymus pauciflorus subsp. laevis (Scribn. & J.G.Sm.) Gould; Madroño 9: 1266 (1947)
= Elytrigia parishii (Scribn. & J.G.Sm.) D.R.Dewey; Brittonia 35: 31 (1983)
subspecies :
subsp. septentrionalis Barkworth; Phytologia 83(5): 360 (1997 publ. 1998)
Distribution: USA (California)
76 USA
species :
Elymus stenostachyus (Melderis) O.Anders & Podlech; Mitt. Bot. Staatssamml. München 12: 315 (1976)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Paktia / Khost)
34 AFG
Synonyms: hidden
= Elymus stenostachyus (Melderis) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95(7-8): 454 (1984), isonym
= Agropyron stenostachyum Melderis; Rech.f., Fl. Iran., Lief. 70, 175 (1970)
species :
Elymus strictus (Keng) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95(7-8): 458 (1984)
Distribution: China (Gansu, Guizhou, Henan, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan); Tibet; Mongolia
36 CHI TIB 37 MON
Synonyms: hidden
= Elymus gmelinii subsp. strictus (Keng) K.B.Jensen
= Elymus strictus (Keng) S.L.Chen; Fl. China 22: 411 (2006), isonym
= Elymus varius (Keng) Tzvelev; Akad. Nauk SSSR Bot. Inst. Komarova, Rast. Tsentral. Azii, Fasc. 4, 219(1968), cum descr. lat.
= Roegneria stricta f. major Keng & S.L.Chen; J. Nanjing Univ. (Biol.) 1963(1): 70 (1963)
= Roegneria stricta Keng ex Keng & S.L.Chen; J. Nanjing Univ. (Nat. Sci.) 3: 68 (1963)
= Roegneria varia Keng; Fl. Ill. Pl. Prim. Sin., Gramineae, 397 (1959), sine descr. lat.
= Roegneria varia Keng ex Keng & S.L.Chen; J. Nanjing Univ. (Nat. Sci.) 3: 70 (1963)
variant :
var. crassus (L.B.Cai) S.L.Chen & G.H.Zhu; Novon 12(3): 428 (2002)
Distribution: China (Ningxia, Qinghai)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Roegneria crassa L.B.Cai; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 34(3): 332 (1996)
= Elymus strictus var. crassus (L.B.Cai) S.L.Chen; Fl. China 22: 412 (2006), isonym
species :
Elymus svensonii Church; Rhodora 69: 134 (1967)
Name: Svenson´s wildrye
Distribution: USA (E-Oklahoma, Arkansas, Missouri, Kentucky, Tennessee)
74 USA 75 USA 78 USA
species :
Elymus sylvaticus (Keng & S.L.Chen) S.L.Chen; Bull. Nanjing Bot. Gard. Mem. Sun Yat Sen, 1987: 9 (1987 publ. 1988)
Distribution: China (Qinghai, Xinjiang)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Roegneria sylvatica Keng & S.L.Chen; J. Nanjing Univ. (Nat. Sci.) 3: 36 (1963)
species :
Elymus tenuispicus (J.L.Yang & Y.H.Zhou) S.L.Chen; Novon 7(3): 229 (1997)
Distribution: Tibet
36 TIB
Synonyms: hidden
= Roegneria tenuispica J.L.Yang & Y.H.Zhou; Novon 4(3): 307 (1994)
species :
Elymus texensis J.J.N.Campb.; Sida 22(1): 488 (2006)
Distribution: USA (Texas: Gillespie Co.)
77 USA
species :
Elymus tibeticus (Melderis) G.Singh; Taxon 32(4): 640 (1983)
Distribution: China (Yunnan); SE-Tibet; Bhutan
36 CHI TIB 40 BHU
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron tibeticum Melderis; Bor, Grasses Myanmar, Ceyl., Ind. & Pakist. 696 (1960)
= Roegneria tibetica (Melderis) H.L.Yang; Fl. Reipubl. Popul. Sin. 9(3): 72 (1987)
species :
Elymus tilcarensis (J.H.Hunz.) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95(7-8): 473 (1984)
Distribution: Argentina (Jujuy)
85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron tilcarense J.H.Hunz.; Kurtziana 3: 121 (1966)
= Elytrigia tilcarensis (J.H.Hunz.) Covas ex J.H.Hunz. & Xifreda; Darwiniana, 27(1-4): 563 (1986)
species :
Elymus trachycaulus (Link) Gould ex Shinners; Rhodora 56: 28 (1954)
subspecies :
subsp. trachycaulus
Name: Slender wheatgrass (EN)
Distribution: N-Europe [I]; Germany [I]; Czech Republic [I]; Estonia [I]; European Russia [I]; Ukraine [I]; Alaska; Aleutes; Greenland; Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Labrador, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Northern Territories, Ontario, Prince Edward Isl., Québec, Saskatchewan, Yukon); St. Pierre et Miquelon; USA (Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Iowa, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, North Carolina, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, Nevada, New York, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Vermont, Washington State, Wisconsin, West Virginia, Wyoming); Mexico (Baja California Norte, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Hidalgo, Nuevo León, Puebla, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Zacatecas)
11 cze ger 14 est rus ukr 70 ASK CDN GNL 71 CDN 72 CDN SPM 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX
Remarks: status uncertain, often included in a very widely defined E. violaceus
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron atbassaricum Golosk.; Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS 14: 73 (1951)
= Agropyron caninoides var. pubescens Scribn. & J.G.Sm.; Bull. Div. Agrostol. U.S.D.A. 4: 29 (1897)
= Agropyron caninum f. ciliatum (Scribn. & J.G.Sm.) Pease & A.H.Moore; Rhodora 12: 76 (1910)
= Agropyron caninum f. fernaldii Pease & A.H.Moore; Rhodora 12: 73 (1910)
= Agropyron caninum f. glaucum Pease & A.H.Moore; Rhodora 12: 71 (1910), nom. illeg.
= Agropyron caninum f. pilosifolium Pease & A.H.Moore; Rhodora 12: 75 (1910)
= Agropyron caninum subsp. majus (Vasey) C.L.Hitchc.; Vasc. Pl. Pacif. N. W. 1: 450 (1969), nom. illeg.
= Agropyron caninum var. hornemannii Pease & A.H.Moore; Rhodora 12: 73 (1910)
= Agropyron caninum var. mitchellii S.L.Welsh; Anderson, Fl. Alaska: 546 (1974)
= Agropyron caninum var. pubescens Scribn. & J.G.Sm.; Bull. Div. Agrostol. U.S.D.A. 4: 29 (1897)
= Agropyron caninum var. tenerum (Vasey) Pease & A.H.Moore; Rhodora 12: 71 (1910)
= Agropyron novae-angliae Scribn.; Brainerd, L. R. Jones & Egglest. Fl. Verm. (Contrib. Bot. Verm. viii.) 9, 103(1900)
= Agropyron pauciflorum (Schwein.) Hitchc. ex Silveus; Silveus, Texas Grasses, 158 (1933), et in Am. J. Bot. 21: 132 (1934)
= Agropyron pauciflorum subsp. majus (Vasey) Melderis; Ark. Bot., n. s. 7(1): 20 (1968)
= Agropyron pauciflorum subsp. novae-angliae (Scribn.) Melderis; Ark. Bot., n. s. 7(1): 20 (1968)
= Agropyron pauciflorum subsp. teslinense (Porsild & Senn) Melderis; Ark. Bot., n. s. 7(1): 20 (1968)
= Agropyron peschkovae (Popov) Popov; Fl. Centr. Sibir. 1: 115 (1957) nom. inval.
= Agropyron repens var. novae-angliae Scribn. & J.G.Sm.; Bull. Div. Agrostol. U.S.D.A. 4: 29 (1897), pro syn.
= Agropyron repens var. tenerum (Vasey) Beal; Grasses N. Amer. 2: 637 (1896)
= Agropyron richardsonii var. ciliatum Scribn. & J.G.Sm.; Bull. Div. Agrostol. U.S.D.A. 4: 29 (1897)
= Agropyron tenerum var. ciliatum Scribn. & J.G.Sm.; Bull. Div. Agrostol. U.S.D.A. 4: 30 (1897)
= Agropyron tenerum var. longifolium Scribn. & J.G.Sm.; Bull. Div. Agrostol. U.S.D.A. 4: 30 (1897)
= Agropyron tenerum var. majus (Vasey) Piper; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 32: 543 (1905)
= Agropyron tenerum var. novae-angliae (Scribn.) Farw.; Rep. Michigan Acad. Sci. 21: 355 (1920)
= Agropyron tenerum var. trichocoleum Piper; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 32: 546 (1905)
= Agropyron tenerum Vasey; Coult. Bot. Gaz. 10: 258 (1885)
= Agropyron teslinense Porsild & Senn; Bull. Nat. Mus. Canada, No. 121 (Bot. Southeast. Yukon, etc.) 98 (1951)
= Agropyron trachycaulon (Link) Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 344 (1854)
= Agropyron trachycaulum (Link) Malte ex H.F.Lewis; Canad. Field-Naturalist 45: 201 (1931)
= Agropyron trachycaulum f. caninoides (Ramaley) B.Boivin; Naturaliste Canad. 94: 520 (1967)
= Agropyron trachycaulum f. ciliatum (Scribn. & J.G.Sm.) Dore; Nat. Canada 103(6): 554 (1976)
= Agropyron trachycaulum var. caerulescens Malte; Bull. Natl. Mus. Canada 68: 47 (1932)
= Agropyron trachycaulum var. ciliatum (Scribn. & J.G.Sm.) Gleason; Phytologia 4(1): 21 (1952), isonym
= Agropyron trachycaulum var. ciliatum (Scribn. & J.G.Sm.) Malte; Bull. Natl. Mus. Canada 68: 47 (1932)
= Agropyron trachycaulum var. fernaldii (Pease & A.H.Moore) Malte; Bull. Natl. Mus. Canada 68: 46 (1932)
= Agropyron trachycaulum var. glaucescens Malte; Bull. Natl. Mus. Canada 68: 45 (1932)
= Agropyron trachycaulum var. glaucum (Pease & A.H.Moore) Malte; Bull. Natl. Mus. Canada 68: 47 (1932)
= Agropyron trachycaulum var. hirsutum Malte; Bull. Natl. Mus. Canada 68: 48 (1932)
= Agropyron trachycaulum var. majus (Vasey) Fernald; Rhodora 35: 171 (1933)
= Agropyron trachycaulum var. novae-angliae (Scribn.) Fernald; Rhodora 35: 174 (1933)
= Agropyron trachycaulum var. pilosiglume Malte; Bull. Natl. Mus. Canada 68: 48 (1932)
= Agropyron trachycaulum var. richardsonii (Schrad.) Malte; Canad. Field-Naturalist 45: 201 (1931)
= Agropyron trachycaulum var. tenerum (Vasey) Malte; Bull. Natl. Mus. Canada 68: 44 (1932)
= Agropyron trachycaulum var. trichocoleum (Piper) Malte; Bull. Natl. Mus. Canada 68: 45 (1932)
= Agropyron violacescens (Ramaley) Beal; Grasses N. Amer. 2: 635 (1896)
= Agropyron violaceum f. caninoides Ramaley; Minnesota Bot. Stud. 1: 108 (1894)
= Agropyron violaceum var. majus Vasey; Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 1: 280 (1893)
= Crithopyrum trachycaulon Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 344 (1854), pro syn.
= Elymus charkeviczii Prob.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 69: 256 (1984)
= Elymus novae-angliae (Scribn.) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 14: 245 (1977)
= Elymus pauciflorus (Schwein.) Gould; Madrono 9: 126 (1947) non Lam. (1791)
= Elymus subsecundus subsp. novae-angliae (Scribn.) Tzvelev; Nov. Syst. Pl. Vasc. (Leningrad) 10: 23 (1973)
= Elymus trachycaulus (Link) Hoover; Leafl. W. Bot. 10: 340 (1966)
= Elymus trachycaulus subsp. major (Vasey) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 10: 24 (1973)
= Elymus trachycaulus subsp. novae-angliae (Scribn.) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 10: 23 (1973)
= Elymus trachycaulus subsp. teslinensis (Porsild & Senn) Á.Löve; Taxon 29(1): 167 (1980)
= Elymus trachycaulus var. majus (Vasey) Beetle; Phytologia 55(3): 210 (1984)
= Roegneria novae-angliae (Scribn.) Jurtzev & Petrovsky; Byull. Mosk. Obshch. Ispyt. Prir., Biol. 85(6): 100 (1980)
= Roegneria pauciflora (Schwein.) Hyl.; Nomencl. u. Syst. Stud. Nord. Gefasspfl. (Uppsala Univ. Arsskr., No. 7) 36, 89(1945), in obs. p. p. quoad nomen
= Roegneria trachycaulon (Link) Nevski; Kom., Fl. URSS 2: 599 (1934), in obs. p. p. quoad nomen
= Triticum pauciflorum Schwein.; W. H. Keating, Narrat. Exp. St. Peter´s River 2: 383 (1824)
= Triticum trachycaulum Link; Hort. Berol. 2: 189 (1833)
= Zeia tenera (Vasey) Lunell; Amer. Midl. Nat. 4: 227 (1915)
subspecies :
subsp. subsecundus (Link) Á.Löve & D.Löve; Bot. Notiser 128(4): 502 (1975 publ. 1976)
Name: Slender wheatgrass
Distribution: N-Europe [I]; Alaska; Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Yukon); USA (Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Iowa, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, Nevada, New York, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Utah, Vermont, Washington State, Wisconsin, West Virginia, Wyoming)
70 ASK CDN 71 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron caninum f. violacescens Ramaley; Minnesota Bot. Stud. 1: 107 (1894)
= Agropyron caninum var. richardsonii (Schrad.) Jones; Contr. W. Bot. 14: 18 (1912)
= Agropyron caninum var. unilaterale Vasey; Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 1: 279 (1893)
= Agropyron richardsonii (Schrad.) P.Candargy; Arch. Biol. Veg. Pure Appl. 1: 23, 43 (1901), isonym
= Agropyron richardsonii (Schrad.) Scribn. & J.G.Sm.; Bull. Div. Agrostol. U. S. D. A. 4: 29 (1897)
= Agropyron subsecundum (Link) Hitchc.; Am. J. Bot. 21: 131 (1934)
= Agropyron trachycaulum var. richardsonii (Schrad.) Malte ex H.F.Lewis; Canad. Field-Naturalist 45: 201 (1931)
= Agropyron trachycaulum var. unilaterale (Cassidy) Malte; Bull. Natl. Mus. Canada 68: 46 (1932)
= Agropyron unilaterale Cassidy; Bull. Colorado State Univ. Exp. Sta. 12: 63 (1890) [nom. illeg., non (L.) P. Beauv. 1812]
= Cryptopyrum richardsonii (Schrad.) Heynh.; Alph. Aufz. Gew.: 174 (1846), pro syn.
= Elymus donianus subsp. subsecundus (Link) Á.Löve & D.Löve; Taxon 13: 201 (1964)
= Elymus pauciflorus subsp. subsecundus (Link) Gould; Madrono 9(4): 126 (1947)
= Elymus subsecundus (Link) Á.Löve & D.Löve; Taxon 13: 201 (1964)
= Elymus subsecundus (Link) Hoover; Leafl. W. Bot. 10: 339 (1966)
= Elymus trachycaulus var. unilaterale (Cassidy) Beetle; Phytologia 55(3): 210 (1984)
= Roegneria subsecunda (Link) Melderis; Hyl., Nord. Karlvaxtfl. 1: 376 (1953), in obs.
= Triticum richardsonii Schrad.; Linnaea 12: 467 (1838)
= Triticum spinulosum Lag.; Gen. Sp. Pl. 7 (1816)
= Triticum subsecundum Link; Hort. Berol. 2: 190 (1833)
= Zeia richardsonii (Schrad.) Lunell; Amer. Midl. Nat. 4: 227 (1915)
subspecies :
subsp. stefanssonii (Melderis) Á.Löve & D.Löve; Bot. Notiser 128(4): 502 (1975 publ. 1976)
Distribution: ?Sweden
Synonyms: hidden
= Roegneria doniana var. stefanssonii Melderis; Svensk Bot. Tidskr. 44: 158 (1950)
subspecies :
subsp. virescens (Lange) Á.Löve & D.Löve; Bot. Notiser 128(4): 502 (1975 publ. 1976)
Distribution: Greenland
70 GNL
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron violaceum var. virescens Lange; Consp. Fl. Groenland. [Medd. Gronl. 3]: 155 (1880)
= Elymus donianus subsp. virescens (Lange) Á.Löve & D.Löve; Taxon 13: 201 (1964)
= Roegneria virescens (Lange) Böcher, Holmen & Jakobsen; Grønlands Fl., ed. 2: 294 (1966)
species :
Elymus transhyrcanus (Nevski) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 9: 61 (1972)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Tajikistan; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (NE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia); Iran (EC-Iran, N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran)
32 KAZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE 34 IRN TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron leptourum (Nevski) Grossh.; Trud. Bot. Inst. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Azerb. Fil., Baku, viii/48 (Fl. Kavkaza,i.) 331 (1939)
= Agropyron transhyrcanum (Nevski) Bondarenko; Opred. Rast. Sred. Azii 1: 173 (1968)
= Elymus transhyrcanus subsp. lorestanicus Assadi; Iranian J. Bot. 6: 194 (1994)
= Elymus transhyrcanus var. togarovii Ataeva; Izv. Akad. Nauk Turkmensk SSR, Ser. Biol. Nauk 1987(3): 54 (1987)
= Elymus zagricus Assadi; Iranian J. Bot. 6: 191 (1994)
= Elymus zagricus var. lorestanicus Assadi; Iranian J. Bot. 6: 194 (1994)
= Elytrigia vvedenskyi Drobow; Fl. Uzbekist., ed. Schreder 1: 286. 539 (1941)
= Roegneria leptoura Nevski; V. L. Kom. (ed.), Fl. URSS 2: 623 (1934)
= Roegneria transhyrcana Nevski; Trudy Sredne-Aziatsk. Gosud. Univ., Ser. 8b, Bot. 17: 70 (1934)
= Semeiostachys leptoura (Nevski) Drobow; Fl. Uzbekist., ed. Schreder 1: 285 (1941)
species :
Elymus trichospiculus (L.B.Cai) S.L.Chen & G.H.Zhu; Novon 12: 428 (2002)
Distribution: China (S-Qinghai)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Roegneria trichospicula L.B.Cai; Bull. Bot. Res. 14(4): 340--342. fig. 2 (1994)
species :
Elymus troctolepis (Nevski) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 9: 61 (1972)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus] (Abkhazia)
33 GEO NCS
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron troctolepis (Nevski) Melderis; Rech.f., Fl. Iran., Lief. 70, 182 (1970)
= Roegneria troctolepis Nevski; Kom., Fl. URSS 2: 623 (1934)
= Roegneria troctolepis Nevski ex Nevski; Acta Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS, Ser. I. Fasc. 2, 53 (1936), latine
species :
Elymus uralensis (Nevski) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 8: 63 (1971)
Distribution: E-European Russia (S-Urals); Siberia (Altai, Buryatia, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva, W-Siberia); Northern Caucasus; Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; China (Xinjiang); Mongolia
14 RUS 30 SIB 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 NCS 36 CHI 37 MON
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron karkaralense Roshev.; Acta Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS, Ser I. Fasc. 2, 100 (1936)
= Agropyron komarovii Nevski; Izv. Bot. Sada Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R. 30: 610 (1932)
= Agropyron tianschanicum Drobow; Vved. & alii, Key Fl. Tashkent, Pt. 1, 40 (1923), et in Act. Hort. Petrop. 38: 147 (1924), et in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 21: 42 (1925)
= Agropyron tianschanicum Drobow ex Nevski; Bull. Jard. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS 30: 622 (1932), descr. emend. (1931) [non Elymus tianschanicus Drobow (1925)]
= Agropyron uralense Nevski; Bull. Jard. Bot. Princ. URSS 29: 89 (1930)
= Elymus komarovii (Nevski) Tzvelev; Akad. Nauk SSSR Bot. Inst. Komarova, Rast. Tsentral. Azii, Fasc. 4, 216 (1968), non Ohwi (1933)
= Elymus platyphyllus (Keng & S.L.Chen) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95: 456 (1984)
= Elymus prokudinii (Seredin) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 9: 61 (1972)
= Elymus tianschanigenus Czerep.; Sosud. Rast. SSSR: 351 (1981), nom. nov.
= Elymus uralensis subsp. komarovii (Nevski) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 10: 22 (1973)
= Elymus uralensis subsp. prokudinii (Seredin) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 10: 22 (1973)
= Elymus uralensis subsp. tianschanicus (Drobow) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 10: 22 (1973)
= Elymus uralensis subsp. viridiglumis (Nevski) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 8: 63 (1971)
= Elymus viridiglumis (Nevski) Czerep.; Sosud. Rast. SSSR: 351 (1981)
= Roegneria karkaralensis (Roshev.) Filat.; Ill. Opred. Rast. Kazakh. 1: 116 (1968)
= Roegneria komarovii (Nevski) Nevski; Acta Univ. As. Med. Ser. VIII b, Bot. Fasc. 17, 71 (1934), in clavi
= Roegneria platyphylla Keng & S.L.Chen; J. Nanjing Univ. (Biol.) 1963(1): 35 (1963)
= Roegneria prokudinii Seredin; Novit. Syst. Pl. Vasc., Acad. Sci. URSS, 55 (1965)
= Roegneria taigae Nevski; Kom., Fl. URSS 2: 616 (1934)
= Roegneria tianschanica (Drobow) Nevski; Acta Univ. As. Med. Ser. VIII b, Bot. Fasc. 17, 71 (1934), in clavi
= Roegneria uralensis (Nevski) Nevski; Kom., Fl. URSS 2: 614 (1934)
= Roegneria viridiglumis Nevski; Kom., Fl. URSS 2: 616 (1934)
= Semeiostachys tianschanica (Drobow) Drobow; Fl. Uzbekist., ed. Schreder 1: 284 (1941)
species :
Elymus villosus Muhl. ex Willd.; Enum. Hort. Berol. 131 (1809)
Name: Hairy wildrye
Distribution: N-Europe [I]; Canada (Ontario, Québec); USA (NE-Wyoming, NE-New Mexico, North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, Kansas, Oklahoma, Texas, Minnesota, Iowa, Missouri, Arkansas, Louisiana, Wisconsin, Illinois, Michigan, Indiana, Ohio, Kentucky, Tennessee, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, West Virginia, Virginia, Maryland, Delaware, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, New York, Vermont, New Hampshire, Connecticut, Massachusetts, Rhode Island)
72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Elymus canadensis var. villosus (Muhl. ex Willd.) Shinners; Rhodora 56: 28 (1954), nom. illeg.
= Elymus ciliatus Muhl.; Descr. Gram. 179 (1817)
= Elymus hirsutus Schreb. ex Roem. & Schult.; Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis] 2: 776 (1817) [nom. inval., as syn. of Elymus villosus Muhl.]
= Elymus propinquus Fresen.; Index Seminum (FRT, Francofurtensi) 1836: 4 (1836)
= Elymus striatus f. glaber Hack.; Exsicc. (Gram., J.A.Kneucker) 32: no. 953 (1915), nom. inval.
= Elymus striatus var. ballii Pammel; Grass. Iowa 2: 347 (1905)
= Elymus striatus var. propinquus (Fresen.) Hack.; Exsicc. (Gram., J.A.Kneucker) 32: no. 953 (1915)
= Elymus striatus var. villosus (Muhl. ex Willd.) A.Gray; Manual 603 (1848)
= Elymus virginicus subsp. villosus (Muhl. ex Willd.) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95: 452 (1984)
= Hordeum villosum (Muhl. ex Willd.) Schenck; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 40: 109 (1907), in clavi
= Terrellia villosa (Muhl. ex Willd.) B.R.Baum; Canad. J. Bot. 57(8): 947 (1979)
variant :
var. arkansanus (Scribn. & C.R.Ball) J.J.N.Campb.; Novon 5(2): 128 (1995)
Distribution: USA (Arkansas)
78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Elymus arkansanus Scribn. & C.R.Ball; Bull. Div. Agrostol. U.S.D.A. 24: 45 (1900)
= Elymus striatus var. arkansanus (Scribn. & C.R.Ball) Hitchc.; Rhodora 8: 212 (1906)
= Elymus villosus f. arkansanus (Scribn. & C.R.Ball) Fernald; Rhodora 35: 195 (1933)
species :
Elymus violaceus (Hornem.) J.Feilberg; Medd. Grønland, Biosci. 15: 12 (1984)
Distribution: Iceland [I]; Norway [I]; Belgium [I]; Denmark [I]; Estonia [I]; Belarus [I]; NW-European Russia [I]; C-European Russia [I]; E-European Russia [I]; S-European Russia [I]; Ukraine [I]; Siberia (Altai [I], Buryatia [I], Chita [I], Irkutsk [I], Krasnoyarsk [I], Tuva [I], Yakutia); Russian Far East (Amur, Kamchatka, Khabarovsk, Kuril Isl., Magadan); Kazakhstan [I]; Alaska; Greenland; Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Labrador, Manitoba, Nova Scotia, Northern Territories, Nunavut, Ontario, Québec, Yukon); USA (Colorado, Idaho, Michigan, Montana, New Mexico, Nevada, Oregon, Washington State, Wyoming)
10 den ice nor 11 bgm 14 blr est rus ukr 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 kaz 70 ASK CDN GNL 71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA
Remarks: The species circumscription is often highly extended to include E. trachycaulus and other species
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron andinum (Scribn. & J.G.Sm.) Rydb.; Bull. Colorado Agric. Exp. Sta. 100: 54 (1906)
= Agropyron biflorum subsp. andinum (Scribn. & J.G.Sm.) Piper; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 32: 547 (1905)
= Agropyron biflorum subsp. latiglume (Scribn. & J.G.Sm.) Piper; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 32: 547 (1905)
= Agropyron biflorum var. hornemannii B.Fedtsch.; Izv. Imp. Bot. Sada Petra Velikago 14(Suppl. 2): 95 (1915), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Agropyron brevifolium Scribn.; Bull. Div. Agrostol. U.S.D.A. 11: 55, pl. 13 (1898)
= Agropyron caninoides (Ramaley) Beal; Grasses N. Amer. 2: 640 (1896)
= Agropyron caninum f. pubescens (Scribn. & J.G.Sm.) Pease & A.H.Moore; Rhodora 12: 71 (1910)
= Agropyron caninum subsp. latiglume (Scribn. & J.G.Sm.) Pease & A.H.Moore; Rhodora 12: 73 (1910)
= Agropyron caninum var. andinum (Scribn. & J.G.Sm.) Pease & A.H.Moore; Rhodora 12: 75 (1910)
= Agropyron caninum var. latiglume (Scribn. & J.G.Sm.) Pease & A.H.Moore; Rhodora 12: 73 (1910)
= Agropyron latiglume (Scribn. & J.G.Sm.) Rydb.; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 36: 539 (1909)
= Agropyron latiglume var. alboviride Hultén; Acta Univ. Lund. 38: 259 (1942)
= Agropyron latiglume var. andinum (Scribn. & J.G.Sm.) Malte; Bull. Natl. Mus. Canada 68: 36 (1932)
= Agropyron latiglume var. pilosiglume Hultén; Acta Univ. Lund. 38: 259 (1942)
= Agropyron subsecundum var. andinum (Scribn. & J.G.Sm.) Hitchc.; Amer. J. Bot. 21: 132 (1934)
= Agropyron trachycaulum f. andinum (Scribn. & J.G.Sm.) Beetle; Rhodora 54: 196 (1952)
= Agropyron trachycaulum var. latiglume (Scribn. & J.G.Sm.) Beetle; Rhodora 54: 196 (1952)
= Agropyron violaceum (Hornem.) Lange; Consp. Fl. Groenland. [Medd. Gronl. 3]: 155 (1880)
= Agropyron violaceum subsp. andinum (Scribn. & J.G.Sm.) Melderis; Ark. Bot., n. s. 7(1): 19 (1968)
= Agropyron violaceum var. andinum Scribn. & J.G.Sm.; Bull. Div. Agrostol. U.S.D.A. 4: 30 (1897)
= Agropyron violaceum var. latiglume Scribn. & J.G.Sm.; Bull. Div. Agrostol. U.S.D.A. 4: 30 (1897)
= Agropyron ×brevifolium Scribn.(pro sp.); Bull. Div. Agrostol. U.S.D.A. 11: 55, pl. 13 (1898)
= Elymus alaskanus subsp. latiglumis (Scribn. & J.G.Sm.) Á.Löve; Taxon 29(1): 166 (1980)
= Elymus kamczadalorum (Nevski) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast 9: 61 (1972), et Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 14: 245 (1977)
= Elymus trachycaulus f. andinus (Scribn. & J.G.Sm.) Beetle; Phytologia 55: 210 (1984)
= Elymus trachycaulus subsp. andinus (Scribn. & J.G.Sm.) Á.Löve & D.Löve; Bot. Not. 128: 502 (1975 publ. 1976)
= Elymus trachycaulus subsp. glaucus (Pease & A.H.Moore) Cody; Canad. Field-Naturalist 108: 93 (1994)
= Elymus trachycaulus subsp. kamczadalorum (Nevski) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 10: 24 (1973)
= Elymus trachycaulus subsp. latiglumis (Scribn. & J.G.Sm.) Barkworth & D.R.Dewey; Great Basin Naturalist 43(4): 562 (1983)
= Elymus trachycaulus subsp. sierrae (Gould) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95: 461 (1984)
= Elymus trachycaulus subsp. violaceus (Hornem.) Á.Löve & D.Löve; Bot. Not. 128(4): (1976)
= Elymus trachycaulus var. andinus (Scribn. & J.G.Sm.) Dorn; Vasc. Pl. Wyoming: 298 (1988)
= Elymus trachycaulus var. latiglumis (Scribn. & J.G.Sm.) Beetle; Phytologia 55: 209 (1984)
= Elymus trachycaulus var. violaceus (Hornem.) S.L.Welsh; Utah Fl., ed. 4. 851 (2008)
= Elymus violaceus subsp. andinus (Scribn. & J.G.Sm.) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 32: 182 (2000)
= Elymus violaceus subsp. latiglumis (Scribn. & J.G.Sm.) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 32: 181 (2000)
= Roegneria kamczadalorum Nevski; Kom., Fl. URSS 2: 619 (1934), et Acta Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS, Ser. I. Fasc. 2, 52 (1936), latine
= Roegneria latiglumis (Scribn. & J.G.Sm.) Nevski; Trudy Bot. Inst. Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R., Ser. 1, Fl. Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 2: 55 (1936)
= Roegneria violacea (Hornem.) Melderis; Svensk Bot. Tidskr. 44: 159 (1950)
= Triticum biflorum var. hornemannii W.D.J.Koch; Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv., ed. 2: 953 (1844), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Triticum caninum var. violaceum (Hornem.) Laest.; Bot. Not (1856): 77. 1856
= Triticum latiglume (Scribn. & J.G.Sm.) F.Herm.; Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 76: 40 (1936)
= Triticum repens var. tenerum Vasey; Rothr., Rep. U.S. Geogr. Surv., Wheeler 6: 293 (1879), nom. nud.
= Triticum repens var. violaceum (Hornem.) Hartm.; Handb. Skand. Fl., ed. 4: 43 (1843)
= Triticum violaceum Hornem.; Oeder et al., Fl. Dan. 12: t. 2044 (1832)
species :
Elymus virginicus L.; Sp. Pl. 84 (1753)
Name: Virginia wildrye
Distribution: N-Europe [I]; Germany [I]; Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Isl., Québec, Saskatchewan); St. Pierre et Miquelon; USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Arizona, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, Vermont, Wisconsin, West Virginia, Wyoming)
11 ger 71 CDN 72 CDN SPM 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron vaginans (Pers.) P.Beauv.; Ess. Agrostogr.: 102 (1812)
= Elymus canadensis var. intermedius Vasey ex A.Gray; Manual, ed. 6: 673 (1890)
= Elymus carolinianus Walter; Fl. Carol. 82 (1788)
= Elymus durus Hedw. ex Steud.; Nomencl. Bot (ed. 2) 1: 550 (1840) [nom. inval.]
= Elymus flexuosus Tausch; Flora 20: 120 (1837)
= Elymus hirsutiglumis Scribn.; Bull. Div. Agrostol. U.S.D.A. 11: 58 (1898) [nom. nov.]
= Elymus hordeiformis Desf.; Tabl. Ecole Bot. 15 (1804)
= Elymus intermedius (Vasey ex A.Gray) Scribn. & J.G.Sm.; Bull. Div. Agrostol. U.S.D.A. 4: 38 (1897), nom. illeg.
= Elymus jejunus (Ramaley) Rydb.; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 36: 539 (1909)
= Elymus striatus Schreb. ex Muhl.; Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc. 3: 161 (1793), nom. nud.
= Elymus striatus Willd.; Sp. Pl. ed. 4. 1: 470 (1797)
= Elymus virginicus f. hirsutiglumis (Scribn.) Fernald; Rhodora 35: 198 (1933)
= Elymus virginicus f. jejunus Ramaley; Minnesota Bot. Stud. 9: 114 (1894)
= Elymus virginicus f. lasiolepis Fernald; Rhodora 35: 198 (1933)
= Elymus virginicus var. glaucus Beal; Grasses N. Amer. 2: 653 (1896)
= Elymus virginicus var. hirsutiglumis (Scribn.) Hitchc.; Rhodora 10: 65 (1908), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Elymus virginicus var. intermedius (Vasey ex A.Gray) Bush; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 10: 60 (1926)
= Elymus virginicus var. jejunus (Ramaley) Bush; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 10: 65 (1926)
= Elymus virginicus var. micromeris Schmoll; Rhodora 39: 416 (1937)
= Elymus virginicus var. minor Vasey ex L.H.Dewey; Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 2: 550 (1892)
= Hordeum cartilagineum Moench; Methodus: 199 (1794), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Hordeum striatum (Willd.) Schenck; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 11: 109 (1907), in clavi
= Hordeum virginicum (L.) Schenck; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. xI. 109 (1907), in clavi
= Leptothrix virginica (L.) Dumort.; Bull. Soc. Bot. Belg. 7: 66 (1868), in adnot.
= Terrella hirsutiglumis (Scribn.) Nevski; Bull. Jard. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS 30: 639 (1932), in adnot. (1931)
= Terrella jejuna (Ramaley) Nevski; Bull. Jard. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS 30: 639 (1932), in adnot. (1931)
= Terrella virginica (L.) Nevski; Bull. Jard. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS 30: 639 (1932), in adnot. (1931)
= Terrellia hirsutiglumis (Scribn.) Nevski; Izv. Bot. Sada Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R. 30: 639 (1932)
= Terrellia jejuna (Ramaley) Nevski; Izv. Bot. Sada Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R. 30: 639 (1932)
= Terrellia striata (Willd.) Lunell; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 4: 228 (1915)
= Terrellia virginica (L.) Lunell; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 4: 228 (1915)
= Triticum vaginans Pers.; Syn. Pl. 1: 109 (1805)
variant :
var. australis (Scribn. & C.R.Ball) Hitchc.; Pub. Dept. Conservation, Indiana 82: 113 (1929)
Name: Hairy southwestern wildrye
Distribution: USA (Tennessee, Kentucky, Alabama, Georgia, etc.)
78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Elymus australis Scribn. & C.R.Ball; Bull. Div. Agrostol. U.S.D.A. 24: 46 (1901)
= Elymus glabriflorus var. australis (Scribn. & C.R.Ball) J.J.N.Campb.; Novon 5: 128 (1995)
= Elymus virginicus f. australis (Scribn. & C.R.Ball) Fernald; Rhodora 35: 198 (1933)
variant :
var. glabriflorus (Vasey ex L.H.Dewey) Bush; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 10: 62 (1926)
Name: Southwestern wildrye
Distribution: USA (Kansas, Oklahoma, E-Texas, Iowa, Missouri, Arkansas, Louisiana, Illinois, Indiana, S-Ohio, Kentucky, Tennessee, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, Florida, South Carolina, North Carolina, West Virginia, Virginia, Maryland, Delaware, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Vermont, New Hampshire, Connecticut, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Maine)
74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Elymus australis var. glabriflorus (Vasey ex L.H.Dewey) Wiegand; Rhodora 20: 84 (1918)
= Elymus canadensis var. glabriflorus Vasey ex L.H.Dewey; Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 2: 550 (1894)
= Elymus glabriflorus (Vasey ex L.H.Dewey) Scribn. & C.R.Ball; Bull. Div. Agrostol. U.S.D.A. 24: 49 (1900)
variant :
var. halophilus (E.P.Bicknell) Wiegand; Rhodora 20: 83 (1918)
Distribution: Canada (Nova Scotia); USA (Connecticut, Delaware, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, North Carolina, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Virginia)
72 CDN 75 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Elymus halophilus E.P.Bicknell; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 35: 201 (1908)
= Terrella halophila (E.P.Bicknell) Nevski; Bull. Jard. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS 30: 639 (1932), in adnot. (1931)
species :
Elymus viridulus (Keng & S.L.Chen) S.L.Chen; Bull. Nanjing Bot. Gard. Mem. Sun Yat Sen, 1987: 9 (1987 publ. 1988)
Distribution: China (Xinjiang)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Roegneria viridula Keng & S.L.Chen; J. Nanjing Univ. (Nat. Sci.) 3: 39 (1963)
species :
Elymus vulpinus Rydb.; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 36: 540 (1909)
Name: Rydberg´s wildrye
Distribution: USA (Montana, Nebraska)
73 USA 74 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron richardsonii var. vulpinum (Rydb.) Hitchc.; Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 41: 159 (1928)
= Agropyron vulpinum (Rydb.) Hitchc.; Amer. J. Bot. 21: 132 (1934)
= Agropyron ×pseudorepens var. vulpinum (Rydb.) Bowden; Canad. J. Bot. 43: 1443 (1965)
species :
Elymus wawawaiensis J.R.Carlson & Barkworth; Phytologia 83(4): 327 (1997 publ. 1998)
Name: Snake River wheatgrass
Distribution: USA (Washington, NE-Oregon, Idaho, Montana, N-Utah, N-Wyoming)
73 USA 76 USA
species :
Elymus wiegandii Fernald; Rhodora 35: 192 (1933)
Name: Wiegand´s wildrye
Distribution: Canada (Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario, Québec, Gaspe peninsula, New Brunswick); USA (North Dakota, South Dakota, Minnesota, Iowa, Wisconsin, Michigan, Pennsylvania, New York, Vermont, New Hampshire, Connecticut, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Maine)
71 CDN 72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Elymus canadensis f. calvescens (Fernald) Bowden; Canad. J. Bot. 42: 575 (1964)
= Elymus canadensis f. wiegandii (Fernald) Scoggan; Fl. Canada 2: 269 (1978)
= Elymus canadensis subsp. wiegandii (Fernald) Á.Löve; Taxon 29(1): 167 (1980)
= Elymus canadensis var. wiegandii (Fernald) Bowden; Canad. J. Bot. 42: 574 (1964)
= Elymus wiegandii f. calvescens Fernald; Rhodora 35: 192 (1933)
= Elymus wiegandii var. calvescens (Fernald) A.Haines; Bot. Notes 17: 5 (2023)
species :
Elymus yangiae B.Rong Lu; Willdenowia 22(1-2): 129, f. 1 (1992) (yangii)
Distribution: Tibet
36 TIB
Synonyms: hidden
= Roegneria yangiae (B.Rong Lu) L.B.Cai; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 35(2): 158 (1997)
species :
Elymus yubaridakensis (Honda) Ohwi; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 6: 54 (1937)
Distribution: Japan (Hokkaido)
38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Clinelymus yubaridakensis Honda; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 50: 572 (1936)
species :
Elymus yushuensis (L.B.Cai) S.L.Chen & G.H.Zhu; Novon 12: 428 (2002)
Distribution: China (S-Qinghai)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Roegneria yushuensis L.B.Cai; Bull. Bot. Res. 14(4): 337--340. fig. 1 (1994)
species :
Elymus zadoiensis S.L.Lu & Y.H.Wu; Fl. Kunlunica 4: 558 (2013)
Distribution: China (Qinghai)
36 CHI
species :
Elymus zaquensis (Y.H.Wu) comb.ined.
Distribution: China (Qinghai)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Roegneria zaquensis Y.H.Wu; Acta Bot. Boreal.-Occid. Sin. 28(2): 396 (2008)
species :
Elymus zejensis Prob.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 69(2): 257 (1984)
Distribution: Siberia (Chita); Russian Far East (Amur)
30 SIB 31 RFE
species :
Elymus zhui S.L.Chen; Fl. China 22: 410 (2006), nom. nov.
Distribution: China (Guizhou, Hebei, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shanxi)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Elymus minor (Keng) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95: 485 (1984), nom. inval.
= Roegneria minor Keng; J. Nanjing Univ. (Biol.) 1963(1): 71 (1963)
species :
Elymus ×bobrovicus (Kotukhov) Olshanskyi; Ukrayins´k. Bot. Zhurn. 80(2): 130 (2023)
Distribution: Asia
Remarks: Elymus dentatus (nevskii) x E. repens
Synonyms: hidden
= xElymotrigia bobrovica Kotukhov; Turczaninowia 1(1): 17 (1998)
species :
Elymus ×brachyphyllus (Boiss. & Hausskn.) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95: 458 (1984)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
Remarks: Elymus longiaristatus x E. panormitanus
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron ×brachyphyllum Boiss. & Hausskn.; P. E. Boiss., Fl. Orient. 5: 663 (1884)
species :
Elymus ×czilikensis (Drobow) Tzvelev; Akad. Nauk SSSR Bot. Inst. Komarova, Rast. Tsentral. Azii, Fasc. 4, 214 (1968)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Afghanistan (Kunar / Nuristan); China (Xinjiang)
32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 34 AFG 36 CHI
Remarks: Elymus dahuricus x E.uralensis
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron ×czilikense Drobow; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 21: 43 (1925)
species :
Elymus ×drucei (Stace) Lambinon; Nouv. Fl. Belg., Grand-Duche Luxemb., Nord France, 5. ed. 1047 (2004)
Name: Lockerährige Quecke (DE)
Distribution: England; Belgium; Germany (Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern [I], Niedersachsen, Schleswig-Holstein); France; Channel Isl.; etc.
10 GRB 11 BGM GER 12 CIS FRA
Remarks: Elymus athericus x Elymus repens.
Synonyms: hidden
= Elytrigia ×drucei Stace; Watsonia 23(4): 546 (2001)
= xThinoelymus drucei (Stace) Banfi; Nat. Hist. Sci. 5(2): 61 (2018)
species :
Elymus ×ebingeri G.C.Tucker; Harvard Pap. Bot. 9: 83 (1996)
Distribution: Canada (Ontario); USA (Connecticut, Illinois, Indiana, Missouri, New York, Wisconsin)
72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA
Remarks: Elymus hystrix x virginicus
species :
Elymus ×fedoronchukii Olshanskyi; Ukrayins´k. Bot. Zhurn. 80(2): 130 (2023), nom. nov.
Distribution: Asia
Remarks: Elymus mutabilis x E. repens
Synonyms: hidden
= xElymotrigia gigantea Kotukhov; Turczaninowia 1(1): 18 (1998)
species :
Elymus ×fedtschenkoanus (Tzvelev) comb.ined.
Distribution: E-European Russia
14 RUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Elytrigia ×fedtschenkoana Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 38: 81 (2006)
species :
Elymus ×hansenii Scribn.; Bull. Div. Agrostol. U.S.D.A. 11: 56, f. 12 (1898)
Distribution: USA (California, Colorado, Idaho, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, Washington State, Wyoming)
73 USA 76 USA
Remarks: Elymus elymoides x E. glaucus
Synonyms: hidden
= Elymus ×leckenbyi (Piper) Piper; Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 11: 151 (1906)
= Elymus ×saundersii var. californicus Hoover; Leafl. W. Bot. 3: 255 (1943)
= Sitanion ×anomalum J.G.Sm.; Bull. Div. Agrostol. U.S.D.A. 18: 20 (1899)
= Sitanion ×hansenii (Scribn.) J.G.Sm.; Bull. Div. Agrostol. U.S.D.A. 17: 328 (1899)
= Sitanion ×hansenii var. anomalum (J.G.Sm.) Hitchc.; Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 41: 160 (1928)
= Sitanion ×leckenbyi Piper; Erythea 7: 100 (1899)
= Sitanion ×planifolium J.G.Sm.; Bull. Div. Agrostol. U.S.D.A. 18: 19 (1899)
= Sitanion ×rubescens Piper; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 30: 234 (1903)
= Sitanion ×velutinum Piper; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 30: 233 (1903)
= xElysitanion hansenii (Scribn.) Bowden; Canad. J. Bot. 45: 721 (1967)
species :
Elymus ×incertus H.Hartmann; Candollea 39: 519 (1984)
Distribution: NW-India
40 IND
Remarks: Elymus longiaristatus var. canaliculatus x E. repens
species :
Elymus ×interjacens (Melderis) G.Singh; Taxon 32(4): 639 (1983)
Distribution: Pakistan (Gilgit)
40 PAK
Remarks: Elymus fedtschenkoi x canaliculatus
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron ×interjacens Melderis; Bor, Grasses Myanmar, Ceyl., Ind. & Pakist. 691 (1960)
species :
Elymus ×maltei Bowden; Canad. J. Bot. 42: 575 (1964)
Distribution: Canada (Manitoba, Ontario, Québec, Saskatchewan); USA (Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, Texas, Vermont, Wisconsin)
71 CDN 72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA 77 USA
Remarks: Elymus canadensis x virginicus
Synonyms: hidden
= Elymus ×maltei nothomorph. brownii Bowden
= Elymus ×maltei nothomorph. churchii Bowden
= Elymus ×maltei nothomorph. simulans Bowden
= xTerrelymus maltei (Bowden) B.R.Baum; Canad. J. Bot. 57(8): 947 (1979)
species :
Elymus ×nakashimae (Ohwi) Yonek.; J. Jap. Bot. 80(6): 332 (2005)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu, Kyushu)
38 JAP
Remarks: Elymus ciliare var. minor x E. tsukushiense var. transiens
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron ×nakashimae Ohwi; Acta Phytotax. & Geobot., Kyoto 11: 257 (1942)
species :
Elymus ×nothus (Melderis) G.Singh; Taxon 32(4): 639 (1983)
Distribution: Pakistan (Karakorum, Gilgit); India (Jammu & Kashmir)
40 IND PAK
Remarks: Elymus dentatus x fedtschenkoi
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron ×nothum Melderis; Bor, Grasses Myanmar, Ceyl., Ind. & Pakist. 693 (1960)
species :
Elymus ×pseudorepens (Scribn. & J.G.Sm.) Barkworth & D.R.Dewey; Great Basin Nat. 43(4): 568 (1983)
Distribution: Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Ontario, Québec, Saskatchewan); USA (Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nebraska, New Mexico, Nevada, Oregon, South Dakota, Utah, Washington State, Wyoming); Mexico (Coahuila, Durango, Guerrero, Nuevo León, Oaxaca)
71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
Remarks: Elymus lanceolatus x E. trachycaulus
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron tenerum subsp. magnum (Scribn. & J.G.Sm.) Piper; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 32: 546 (1905)
= Agropyron tenerum var. pseudorepens (Scribn. & J.G.Sm.) M.E.Jones; Contr. W. Bot. 14: 19 (1912)
= Agropyron trachycaulum f. pseudorepens (Scribn. & J.G.Sm.) Beetle; Rhodora 54: 196 (1952)
= Agropyron vaillantianum (Wulfen & Schreb.) Trautv. ex Besser
= Agropyron ×pseudorepens Scribn. & J.G.Sm.; Bull. Div. Agrostol. U.S.D.A. 4: 34 (1897)
= Agropyron ×pseudorepens var. magnum Scribn. & J.G.Sm.; Bull. Div. Agrostol. U.S.D.A. 4: 35 (1897)
= Agropyron ×pseudorepens var. sennii B.Boivin; Naturaliste Canad. 94: 520 (1967)
= Elymus pauciflorus subsp. pseudorepens (Scribn. & J.G.Sm.) Gould; Madrono 10: 94 (1949)
= Zeia ×pseudorepens (Scribn. & J.G.Sm.) Lunell; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 4: 226 (1915)
species :
Elymus ×spurius (Melderis) G.Singh; Taxon 32(4): 639 (1983)
Distribution: Pakistan (Karakorum)
40 PAK
Remarks: Elymus dentatus x russellii
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron ×spurium Melderis; Bor, Grasses Myanmar, Ceyl., Ind. & Pakist. 695 (1960)
species :
Elymus ×tallonii (Simonet) M.Hassl.; Fl. German. [M. Hassler & T. Muer] 1675 (2022)
Distribution: Germany (Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen); France; etc.
11 GER 12 FRA
Remarks: Elymus repens x E. campestris
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron ×tallonii Simonet; Compt. Rend. 221: 1212 (1935), nom. inval.
= Elytrigia ×tallonii (Simonet) B.Bock; Bull. Soc. Bot. Centre-Ouest 43: 220 (2012), nom. inval.
species :
Elymus ×versicolor A.P.Khokhr.; M. T. Mazurenko (ed.), Biol. Rast. Fl. Sev. Dal´n. Vostok.: 33 (1981)
Distribution: Russian Far East (Magadan)
31 RFE
Remarks: Elymus macrourus x Elymus reflexiaristatus
Synonyms: hidden
= xElymotrigia versicolor (A.P.Khokhr.) Lysenko; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 95: 1764 (2010)
species :
Elymus ×wallii (Connor) Á.Löve & Connor; New Zealand J. Bot. 20(2): 183 (1982)
Distribution: New Zealand
51 NZL
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron ×wallii Connor; Trans. Roy. Soc. New Zealand 84: 747 (1957)
species :
Elymus ×yukonensis (Scribn. & Merr.) Á.Löve; Taxon 29(1): 168 (1980)
Name: Yukon wheatgrass
Distribution: Alaska; Canada (British Columbia)
70 ASK 71 CDN
Remarks: Elymus alaskanus x E. lanceolatus ssp. psammophilus
Synonyms: hidden
= Agropyron ×yukonense Scribn. & Merr.; Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 13: 85 (1910)
= Elymus lanceolatus subsp. yukonensis (Scribn. & Merr.) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95: 470 (1984)
= Elytrigia dasystachya subsp. yukonense (Scribn. & Merr.) D.R.Dewey; Brittonia 35(1): 31 (1983)
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A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 18.4 (Feb. 11th, 2024)

Covering 354,025 accepted species,
9,095 hybrids, 47,879 accepted infraspecific taxa and 995,101 synonyms,
in total 1,406,100* names

[*about 25,000 dubious, "unplaced" names and about 4,000 invalid names (Art. 24.3) like "typicus" are deliberately omitted]


With complete, detailed distribution data (countries and regions) and literature references

Arranged in linear phylogenetic sequence reflecting true relationships

Fully searchable and continously updated

With 38,290 pictures of 15,532 species

Assembled through 40 years independently from other databases

In cooperation with Catalogue of Life