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V. 12.9
9.1.2022

461.0000 Family Gesneriaceae Rich. & Juss.; DC., Essai Propr. Méd. Pl., ed. 2: 192 (1816), nom. cons.
146 genera, ca. 3750 spp. Phylogeny: Weber et al. (2013)
Species listed in database: 3835; hybrids: 4
= Belloniaceae Martinov, Tekno-Bot. Slovar: 67 (1820)
= Besleriaceae Raf., Sylva Tellur.: 70 (1838)
= Cyrtandraceae Jack, Trans. L. Soc. London 14: 23 (1823)
= Didymocarpaceae D.Don, Edinburgh Philos. J. 7: 83 (1822)
= Ramondaceae Godr., J. C. M. Gren. & D. A. Godr., Fl. France 2: 506 (1850)
461.3141 Genus Epithema Blume; Bijdr. 737 (1826)
Distribution: Tropical Africa (1), trop. Asia, S-China
Species listed in database: 24
= Aikinia R.Br., Wall. Pl. As. Rar. 3: 65. t. 288 (1832)
= Carpocalymna Zipp., Alg. Konst. en Letterbode, 1: 297 (1829)
species :
Epithema benthamii C.B.Clarke; DC. Monog. Phan. 5: 180 (1883)
Distribution: Sulawesi; Philippines (Luzon, Mindanao, ?Negros); Moluccas; New Guinea (Irian Jaya)
42 MOL NWG PHI SUL
Synonyms: hidden
= Epithema calcicola Ohwi, Bot. Mag., Tokyo, 57: 125 (1943)
species :
Epithema brunonis (Wall.) Decne.; Nouv. Ann. Mus. Nat. Par. 3: 404 (1834)
Distribution: Laos; Cambodia; Vietnam; peninsular Malaysia
41 CBD LAO VIE 42 MLY
Synonyms: hidden
= Aikinia brunonis Wall., Pl. As. Rar. 3: 66. t. 288
variant :
var. scabridum C.B.Clarke
Distribution: Sulawesi
42 SUL
variant :
var. violaceum C.B.Clarke
Distribution: Lesser Sunda Isl. (Timor)
42 LSI
Synonyms: hidden
= Epithema violaceum Span., Linnaea, 15: 330 (1841)
species :
Epithema carnosum Benth.; Scroph. Ind. 57 (1835)
Distribution: China (N-Guangdong, Guangxi, SW-Guizhou, SE-Yunnan); Taiwan; Bhutan; NE-India (Darjeeling, Madhya Pradesh, Assam); Nepal; Thailand; Nicobar Isl. (North Nicobars, Central Nicobars); Myanmar (Mandalay, Taninthayi); Laos
36 CHI 38 TAI 40 BHU IND NEP 41 LAO MYA NCB THA
Synonyms: hidden
= Aikinia carnosa (Benth.) G.Don, Gen. Hist. 4: 665 (1837)
species :
Epithema dentatum (C.B.Clarke) Hilliard & B.L.Burtt; Edinburgh J. Bot., 54(1): 111 (1997)
subspecies :
subsp. dentatum
Distribution: Myanmar
41 MYA
Synonyms: hidden
= Epithema carnosum var. dentatum Clarke
subspecies :
subsp. hispidum (C.B.Clarke) Hilliard & B.L.Burtt; Edinburgh J. Bot., 54(1): 112 (1997)
Distribution: ?S-India
Synonyms: hidden
= Epithema carnosum var. hispidum Clarke
= Epithema ceylanicum Wight, Illustr. 182. I. 159
species :
Epithema difforme Span.; Linnaea, 15: 331 (1841)
Distribution: Java
42 JAW
Synonyms: hidden
= Carpocalymna monophylla Zipp. ex Span., Linnaea, 15: 331 (1841)
species :
Epithema dolichopodum Hilliard & B.L.Burtt; Edinburgh J. Bot., 54(1): 112 (1997)
Distribution: Borneo (Sabah)
42 BOR
species :
Epithema horsfieldii (R.Br.) DC.; Prodr. 9: 279 (1845)
Distribution: Java; Sulawesi; peninsular Malaysia
42 JAW MLY SUL
Synonyms: hidden
= Aikinia horsfieldii R.Br., Wall. Pl. As. Rar. 3: 66
= Epithema horsfieldii R.Br., Wall. Pl. As. Rar. 3: 66
= Argostemma begoniaceum Miq., Fl. Ind. Bat. 2: 348 (1857) (Rubiaceae)
variant :
var. epiphyllum Hilliard & B.L.Burtt; Edinburgh J. Bot., 54(1): 112 (1997)
Distribution: Lesser Sunda Isl. (Sumbawa)
42 LSI
species :
Epithema involucratum (Roxb.) B.L.Burtt; Notes Bot. Gard. Edinb. 22: 308 (1958)
Distribution: Thailand; Lesser Sunda Isl. (Timor); Moluccas
41 THA 42 LSI MOL
Synonyms: hidden
= Epithema roxburghii DC., Prod. 9: 279, nom. illeg.
= Gratiola involucrata Roxb., Hort. Beng. 80 (1814), nomen, Fl. Ind., ed. Carey & Wall., 1: 138 (1820), Fl. Ind., ed. Carey, 1: 137 (1832)
species :
Epithema longipetiolatum (Merr.) Hilliard & B.L.Burtt; Edinburgh J. Bot., 54(1): 112 (1997)
Distribution: Moluccas (Ambon); New Guinea (Irian Jaya)
42 MOL NWG
Synonyms: hidden
= Epithema brunonis var. longipetiolatum Merr.
species :
Epithema longitubum Hilliard & B.L.Burtt; Edinburgh J. Bot., 54(1): 112 (1997)
Distribution: Lesser Sunda Isl. (East Timor)
42 LSI
species :
Epithema madulidii Hilliard & B.L.Burtt; Edinburgh J. Bot., 54(1): 112 (1997)
Distribution: Philippines (Coron Isl.)
42 PHI
species :
Epithema membranacea (King) Kiew; Malaysian Nat. J., 38(3 Suppl.): 36 (1985)
Distribution: peninsular Malaysia (Penang Isl., Perak, Pahan); Sumatra; Thailand
41 THA 42 MLY SUM
Synonyms: hidden
= Argostemma membranaceum King
species :
Epithema parvibracteatum Hilliard & B.L.Burtt; Edinburgh J. Bot., 54(1): 112 (1997)
Distribution: peninsular Malaysia (only known from type, Batu Caves, Selangor)
42 MLY
species :
Epithema philippinum (Hilliard & B.L.Burtt) Bransgr.; Gard. Bull. Singapore 67(1): 200 (2015)
Distribution: Philippines (Mindanao)
42 PHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Epithema strigosum ssp. philippinum Hilliard & B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot., 54(1): 113 (1997)
species :
Epithema pusillum (C.B.Clarke) Bransgr.; Gard. Bull. Singapore 67(1): 202 (2015)
Distribution: ?India
Synonyms: hidden
= Epithema dentatum var. pusillum (C.B.Clarke) Hilliard & B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot., 54(1): 112 (1997)
= Epithema carnosum var. pusillum Clarke
species :
Epithema rennellense Hilliard & B.L.Burtt; Edinburgh J. Bot., 54(1): 112 (1997)
Distribution: Solomon Isl. (Rennell Isl.)
43 SOL
species :
Epithema sarawakense Hilliard & B.L.Burtt; Edinburgh J. Bot., 54(1): 113 (1997)
Distribution: Borneo (Sarawak)
42 BOR
species :
Epithema saxatile Blume; Bijdr. 737 (1826)
Distribution: peninsular Malaysia (quite widespread); Thailand; Borneo; Myanmar; Sumatra
41 MYA THA 42 BOR MLY SUM
species :
Epithema steenisii Hilliard & B.L.Burtt; Edinburgh J. Bot., 54(1): 113 (1997)
Distribution: Sumatra
42 SUM
species :
Epithema strigosum (C.B.Clarke) Hilliard & B.L.Burtt; Edinburgh J. Bot., 54(1): 113 (1997)
Distribution: Sumatra
42 SUM
Synonyms: hidden
= Epithema brunonis var. strigosum C.B.Clarke
species :
Epithema taiwanensis S.S.Ying; Coloured Illustr. Pl. Taiwan 4: 795 (1992)
Distribution: S-Taiwan
38 TAI
variant :
var. fasciculatum (C.B.Clarke) Z.Yu Li & M.T.Kao; Fl. Taiwan, ed. 2, 4: 697 (1998)
Distribution: S-Taiwan; N-Philippines
38 TAI 42 PHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Epithema brunonis var. fasciculata C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. 5: 179 (1883)
species :
Epithema tenerum (C.B.Clarke) Hilliard & B.L.Burtt; Edinburgh J. Bot., 54(1): 113 (1997)
Distribution: Sulawesi
42 SUL
Synonyms: hidden
= Epithema brunonis var. tenerum Clarke
species :
Epithema tenue C.B.Clarke; DC. Monog. Phan. 5: 181 (1883)
Distribution: South Sudan; Guinea; Liberia; Cameroon; Gabon; Uganda; São Tomé; Bioko Isl. [Fernando Poo]; Congo [Brazzaville]
22 GUI LBR 23 BIO CMN CON GAB SAO 24 SSU 25 UGA
Synonyms: hidden
= Epithema graniticolum A.Chev., Bull. Soc. Bot. France, 58: Mem. VIII. 189 (1911) (1912)
= Epithema tenue var. caulescens Engl.
= Epithema thomense Henriq., Bolet. Soc. Brot. 10:. 145 (1892)
species :
Epithema zeylanicum Gardner; Calc. Journ. Nat. Hist. 6: 492 (1846)
Distribution: Sri Lanka; ?Myanmar; ?Cambodia; ?Vietnam
40 SRL
Synonyms: hidden
= Epithema carnosum var. zeylanicum (Gardner) C.B.Clarke, (1883)
...

A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 12.9 (January 2022)

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