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V. 13.2
July 2nd, 2022

004.0000 Family Equisetaceae Michx. ex DC.; Essai Propr. Méd. Pl.: 49 (1804)
1 genus, 16 spp.
Species listed in database: 15; hybrids: 24
004.0001 Genus Equisetum L.; Sp. Pl. 2: 1061 (1753)
Distribution: Nearly cosmopolitan. Several hybrids are now stabilized and may also be treated as valid species.
Species listed in database: 15; hybrids: 24
= Allostelites Börner, Fl. Deutsche Volk 59, 283 (1912)
= Hippochaete Milde, Bot. Zeit. (Berlin) 23: 297 (1865)
= Presla Dulac, Fl. Dépt. Hautes-Pyrenees 25 (1867) (nom. superfl.)
species :
Equisetum arvense L.; Sp. Pl. 2: 1061 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. arvense
Name: Acker-Schachtelhalm (DE), Field Horsetail (EN)
Distribution: Albania; Austria; Belgium; Luxembourg; Baleares; England; Channel Isl.; Scotland; Wales; Bulgaria; Corsica; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Denmark; Faeroe Isl.; Finland; France; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl.; Ireland; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Netherlands; Spain; Hungary; Italy; Iceland; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Croatia; Macedonia; Serbia & Kosovo; Slovenia; Portugal; Malta; Norway; Poland; Romania; San Marino; Sardinia; Svalbard; Sicily; Sweden; European Turkey; Jan Mayen; Turkey (Anatolia); NE-Iraq; Iran; E-Afghanistan; Cyprus; Pakistan (Chitral, Swat, Murree, Hazara); N-India (Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir); Nepal; Bhutan; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Crimea; European Russia (N-European Russia, C-European Russia, W-European Russia, E-European Russia); Belarus; Ukraine; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkmenistan; Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia, E-Siberia); Russian Far East (Amur, Ussuri); Kyrgyzstan; Uzbekistan; Kazakhstan; Tajikistan; North Korea; South Korea; Japan; Mongolia; China (Anhui, Chongqing, Fujian, Gansu, Guizhou, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Yunnan, Zhejiang); Tibet; Azores (Sao Miguel Isl.); ?Morocco; ?Algeria; Alaska; USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Georgia, Iowa, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, Montana, North Carolina, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, Nevada, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Vermont, Washington State, Wisconsin, West Virginia, Wyoming); Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Labrador, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Northern Territories, Nunavut, Ontario, Prince Edward Isl., Québec, Saskatchewan, Yukon); Greenland; St. Pierre et Miquelon; Bolivia (Santa Cruz); New Zealand [I]; Australia [I] (New South Wales [I])
10 DEN FIN FOR GRB ICE IRE JMY NOR SVA SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 BAL CIS COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KRI MLT MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SMA SRB TUE 14 BLR EST KRY LAT LIT RUS UKR 21 AZO 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG CYP EAI IRN IRQ TUR 36 CHI TIB 37 MON 38 JAP KOR NKO 40 BHU IND NEP PAK 50 aus 51 nzl 70 ASK CDN GNL 71 CDN 72 CDN SPM 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 83 BOL
Remarks: Subgen. Equisetum
Synonyms: hidden
= Allostelites arvensis (L.) Börner, Fl. Deut. Volk 59 (1912)
= Equisetum alpestre (Wahlenb.) Landolt, Fl. Indicativa 269 (2010)
= Equisetum arvense f. agreste (Klinge) E.Baumann, (1911)
= Equisetum arvense f. alpestre (Wahlenb.) Döll, Fl. Baden [Döll] 1(1): 59 (1855)
= Equisetum arvense f. arcticum (Rupr.) M.Broun, Index N. Amer. Ferns 84 (1938)
= Equisetum arvense f. atratidens Lepage, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 46: 755 (1952)
= Equisetum arvense f. boreale (Bong.) Klinge ex Scoggan
= Equisetum arvense f. caespitosum J.Rousseau, Bull. Natl. Mus. Canada no. 66 (Ser. Biol. no. 17): 5 (1931)
= Equisetum arvense f. campestre (Schultz) Asch., (1864)
= Equisetum arvense f. decumbens (G.Mey.) W.D.J.Koch, Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv., ed. 2. 964 (1845)
= Equisetum arvense f. diffusum (A.A.Eaton) Clute, Fern Allies 47, 256 (1905)
= Equisetum arvense f. frondescens Döll, Fl. Baden [Döll] 1(1): 58 (1855)
= Equisetum arvense f. irriguum (Milde) C.W.Christ., (1922)
= Equisetum arvense f. loennbohmii Dörfl., 228 (1904)
= Equisetum arvense f. macrostachya A.A.Eaton, Fern Bull. 7: 87 (1899)
= Equisetum arvense f. microstachya A.A.Eaton, Fern Bull. 7: 87 (1899)
= Equisetum arvense f. nanum (A.Braun) M.Broun, Index N. Amer. Ferns 85 (1938)
= Equisetum arvense f. nemorosum (A.Braun) Hegi, 57 (1906)
= Equisetum arvense f. nemorosum (A.Braun) Murr, (1923), comb. superfl.
= Equisetum arvense f. nemorosum A.Braun ex Döll, Rhein. Fl. 27 (1843)
= Equisetum arvense f. polystachyon (A.A.Eaton) M.Broun, Index N. Amer. Ferns 85 (1938)
= Equisetum arvense f. polystachyum Hegi, 57 (1906)
= Equisetum arvense f. proliferum (Luerss.) M.Broun, Index N. Amer. Ferns 85 (1938)
= Equisetum arvense f. pseudoalpestre Vict., Contr. Lab. Bot. Univ. Montréal 9: 36, fig. 5, 116 (1927)
= Equisetum arvense f. pseudonemorosum B.Boivin, Canad. Field-Naturalist 65: 18 (1951)
= Equisetum arvense f. pseudovarium Vict., Contr. Lab. Bot. Univ. Montréal 9: 37, 116 (1927)
= Equisetum arvense f. ramulosum (Rupr.) Hegi, 57 (1906), comb. superfl.
= Equisetum arvense f. ramulosum (Rupr.) Klinge, Arch. Naturk. Liv- Ehst- Kurlands, Ser. 2, Biol. Naturk. 8: 369 (1882)
= Equisetum arvense f. riparium (Fr.) Asch., 897 (1864)
= Equisetum arvense ssp. alpestre (Wahlenb.) Schönsw. & Elven, J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 2(1): 433 (2008)
= Equisetum arvense ssp. boreale (Bong.) Tolm., Flora Arct. URSS 1: 46 (1960)
= Equisetum arvense ssp. ramulosum (Rupr.) W.F.Rapp, Amer. Fern J. 37: 21 (1947)
= Equisetum arvense subvar. decumbens G.Mey., Chloris Han. 667 (1836)
= Equisetum arvense var. alpestre Wahlenb., Fl. Lapponica 296 (1812)
= Equisetum arvense var. arcticum Rupr.
= Equisetum arvense var. arenicola Heimerl, 184 (1882)
= Equisetum arvense var. boreale (Bong.) Rupr., Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.-Pétersbourg, Sér. 6, Sci. Math. 2(4): 174 (1832)
= Equisetum arvense var. campestre (Schultz) Asch., 192 (1859)
= Equisetum arvense var. campestre (Schultz) Milde, Monogr. Equiset. (1867), comb. superfl.
= Equisetum arvense var. coaetaneum Schur, 410 (1857)
= Equisetum arvense var. decumbens (G.Mey.) Milde, Nov. Actorum Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. Nat. Cur. 26: 421 (1859)
= Equisetum arvense var. decumbens Hayne, t. 46 (1813)
= Equisetum arvense var. diffusum A.A.Eaton, List N. Amer. Pterid. 8, 25 (1901)
= Equisetum arvense var. erectum Hayne, t. 46 (1813)
= Equisetum arvense var. frondescens Döll, 68 (1855)
= Equisetum arvense var. granulatum G.Lawson, Trans. Bot. Soc. Edinburgh 7: 561 (1863)
= Equisetum arvense var. nanum A.Braun ex Döll
= Equisetum arvense var. nemorosum A.Braun, (1839) ex Engelm., Amer. J. Sci. Arts 46: 83 (1844)
= Equisetum arvense var. nudum Farw., Ann. Rep. Mich. Acad. Sci 6: 209 (1904)
= Equisetum arvense var. polystachyon A.A.Eaton, Fern Bull. 7: 88 (1899)
= Equisetum arvense var. procumbens Strempel, 10 (1822)
= Equisetum arvense var. proliferum (Luerss.) Farw., Amer. Fern J. 27: 16 (1937)
= Equisetum arvense var. ramosissimum Schur, 410 (1857), nom. illeg.
= Equisetum arvense var. ramulosum Rupr., Beitr. Pflanzenk. Russ. Reiches 3: 19 (1845)
= Equisetum arvense var. riparium (Fr.) Milde, Monogr. Equiset. 223 (1867)
= Equisetum arvense var. robustum Schur, 410 (1857)
= Equisetum arvense var. triangulare Waters, Johns Hopkins Univ. Circ. 14: 25 (1895)
= Equisetum boreale Bong., Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.-Pétersbourg, Sér. 6, Sci. Math. 2(4): 174 (1832)
= Equisetum calderi B.Boivin, Amer. Fern J. 50: 107 (1960)
= Equisetum campestre Schultz, 59 (1819)
= Equisetum minus Garsault, (1764), nom. inval.
= Equisetum nemorosum (A.Braun) Bellynck, 318 (1855)
= Equisetum polycladum Fr., 16 (1814)
= Equisetum saxicola Suksd., Deutsche Bot. Monatsschr. 19: 93 (1901)
subspecies :
subsp. diffusum (D.Don) Fraser-Jenk.; Ferns and Fern-allies of Nepal 1: 87 (2015)
Distribution: China (Chongqing, Gansu, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hunan, Jiangsu, Sichuan, Yunnan); Tibet; India (Arunachal Pradesh, Bihar, ?Chhattisgarh, Himachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim, Uttarakhand, West Bengal, Jammu & Kashmir); Bangladesh; Nepal; Bhutan; Myanmar; Vietnam; N-Thailand; Pakistan; Laos
36 CHI TIB 40 BAN BHU IND NEP PAK 41 LAO MYA THA VIE
Synonyms: hidden
= Equisetum diffusum D.Don, Prodr. Fl. Nepal. 19 (1825)
= Equisetum diffusum var. paucidentatum Page, (1975)
= Equisetum mekongense C.Page, Fern Gaz. 11: 36 (1974 publ. 1975)
= Equisetum ×wallichianum C.Page, Fern Gaz. 11: 34 (1974 publ. 1975)
species :
Equisetum bogotense Kunth; Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 1: 42 (1816)
Distribution: Costa Rica; Galapagos; Panama; Colombia (Antioquia, Arauca, Boyacá, Caquetá, Cauca, Cesar, Chocó, Cundinamarca, Huila, Magdalena, Meta, Nariño, Norte de Santander, Putumayo, Quindío, Risaralda, Santander, Tolima, Valle); Venezuela (Aragua, Lara, Merida, Miranda, Monagas, Sucre, Tachira, Trujillo); Ecuador; Peru; Bolivia (Beni, Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, La Paz, Santa Cruz, Tarija); Brazil (Santa Catarina, Mato Grosso do Sul, Paraná); Argentina (Chubut, Cordoba, Corrientes, Jujuy, Mendoza, Neuquen, Rio Negro, Salta, San Juan, San Luis, Tucuman); Chile (Tarapaca, Antofagasta, Atacama, Coquimbo, Valparaiso, O´Higgins, Maule, Bio Bio, Araucania, Los Lagos, Aisen, Reg. Metropolitana)
80 COS PAN 82 CLM VEN 83 BOL ECU GAL PER 84 BRA 85 ARG CLE
Remarks: Subgen. Equisetum
Synonyms: hidden
= Equisetum bogotense var. flagelliforme Kunze, Linn. 9: 4 (1834)
= Equisetum bogotense var. nudum Milde, Verh. K. K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 12: 1245 (1862)
= Equisetum chilense C.Presl ex Milde
= Equisetum rinihuense G.Kunkel, Ber. Schweiz. Bot. Ges. 74: 59, tab. (1964)
= Equisetum stipulaceum Vaucher, (1822)
species :
Equisetum fluviatile L.; Sp. Pl. 2: 1062 (1753)
Name: Teich-Schachtelhalm (DE), Water Horsetail (EN)
Distribution: Albania; Austria; Belgium; Luxembourg; England; Channel Isl.; Scotland; Wales; Bulgaria; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Denmark; Faeroe Isl.; Finland; France; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Ireland; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Netherlands; Spain; Hungary; Iceland; Italy; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Croatia; Macedonia; Serbia & Kosovo; Slovenia; Norway; Poland; Romania; Sweden; Greece; Turkey (Anatolia); S-Iran; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; European Russia (N-European Russia, C-European Russia, W-European Russia, E-European Russia); Belarus; Ukraine; Crimea; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan (incl. Talysh); Kazakhstan; Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Russian Far East; China (Chongqing, Gansu, Heilongjiang, Jilin, Nei Mongol, Sichuan, Xinjiang); Tibet; Japan; North Korea; Mongolia; Alaska; USA (Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Iowa, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Virginia, Vermont, Washington State, Wisconsin, West Virginia, Wyoming); Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Labrador, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Northern Territories, Nunavut, Ontario, Prince Edward Isl., Québec, Saskatchewan, Yukon); St. Pierre et Miquelon; New Zealand [I]
10 DEN FIN FOR GRB ICE IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 CIS FRA SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA MNT NMA ROM SLV SRB 14 BLR EST KRY LAT LIT RUS UKR 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN TUR 36 CHI TIB 37 MON 38 JAP NKO 51 nzl 70 ASK CDN 71 CDN 72 CDN SPM 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 78 USA
Remarks: Subgen. Equisetum. Synonyms partially following Hand et al. (2021, Florenliste Deutschlands)
Synonyms: hidden
= Equisetum fluviatile f. attenuatum (Milde) Vict. ex Dutilly & Lepage, Naturaliste Canad. 72: 269 (1945)
= Equisetum fluviatile f. limosum (L.) Satou, Hikobia 12(3): 267 (1997)
= Equisetum fluviatile f. linnaeanum (Döll) M.Broun, Index N. Amer. Ferns 87 (1938)
= Equisetum fluviatile f. minus (A.Braun) M.Broun, Index N. Amer. Ferns 87 (1938)
= Equisetum fluviatile f. natans (Vict.) M.Broun, Index N. Amer. Ferns 87 (1938)
= Equisetum fluviatile f. polystachium (Brückn.) M.Broun, Index N. Amer. Ferns 88 (1938)
= Equisetum fluviatile f. uliginosum Macloskie & Dusén, Rep. Princeton Univ. Exped. Patagonia, Botany 8, Suppl. 20 (1915)
= Equisetum fluviatile ssp. limosum (L.) C.Hartm., 162 (1866)
= Equisetum fluviatile var. attenuatum Milde, Fern Bull. 10: 74 (1902)
= Equisetum fluviatile var. brachycladon Döll ex A.A.Eaton, Fern Bull. 10: 74 (1902)
= Equisetum fluviatile var. intermedium A.A.Eaton in Gilbert, List N. Amer. Pterid. 8, 26 (1901)
= Equisetum fluviatile var. leptocladon Döll ex A.A.Eaton, Fern Bull. 10: 74 (1902)
= Equisetum fluviatile var. limosum (L.) Farw., Rep. Michigan Acad. Sci. 6: 210 (1904)
= Equisetum fluviatile var. linnaeanum (Döll) Á.Löve, 45 (1945)
= Equisetum fluviatile var. polystachium (Brückn.) A.A.Eaton
= Equisetum fluviatile var. verticillatum (Döll) Á.Löve, 45 (1945)
= Equisetum heleocharis Ehrh., Hannov. Mag. 21: 286 (1783) (nom. illeg.)
= Equisetum heleocharis f. attenuatum (Klinge) C.W.Christ., (1922)
= Equisetum heleocharis f. brachycladon (Döll) Asch., 900 (1864)
= Equisetum heleocharis f. commune (Junge) C.W.Christ., J. A. Christ. et al. 313 (1922)
= Equisetum heleocharis f. leptocladon (Döll) Asch., 900 (1864)
= Equisetum heleocharis f. leptocladon (Döll) Asch., (1864)
= Equisetum heleocharis f. uliginosum (Muhl.) Asch., 900 (1864)
= Equisetum heleocharis f. vulgare (Luerss.) C.W.Christ., (1922)
= Equisetum heleocharis var. fluviatile (L.) Borckh., 4 (1798), nom. illeg.
= Equisetum heleocharis var. limosum (L.) Borckh., 4 (1798), nom. illeg.
= Equisetum limosum f. brachycladon (Döll) Döll, 64 (1855)
= Equisetum limosum f. fluviatile (L.) Murr, 12 (1923)
= Equisetum limosum f. leptocladon (Döll) Döll, 64 (1855)
= Equisetum limosum f. leptocladon (Döll) Zapal., 85 (1905), comb. superfl.
= Equisetum limosum f. linnaeanum (Döll) Murr, 12 (1923)
= Equisetum limosum f. minus (A.Braun) Zapal., 84 (1905)
= Equisetum limosum f. minus Döll, Rhein. Fl. 30 (1843)
= Equisetum limosum f. natans Vict., Contr. Lab. Bot. Univ. Montréal 9: 77, fig. 16 (1927)(Canada)
= Equisetum limosum f. polystachium (Brückn.) Luerss.
= Equisetum limosum L., Sp. Pl. 2: 1062 (1753)
= Equisetum limosum var. aphyllum Roth, 9 (1799), nom. inval.
= Equisetum limosum var. attenuatum Milde, Nov. Actorum Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. Nat. Cur. 26: 448 (1859)
= Equisetum limosum var. brachycladon Döll, Rhein. Fl. 30 (1843)
= Equisetum limosum var. candelabrum Hook., Fl. Bor.-Amer. (Hooker) 2: 269 (1840)
= Equisetum limosum var. fluviatile (L.) Hampe, 61 (1836)
= Equisetum limosum var. leptocladon Döll, Rhein. Fl. 30 (1843)
= Equisetum limosum var. linnaeanum Döll, 64 (1855)
= Equisetum limosum var. minus A.Braun, 308 (1839) ex Engelm., Amer. J. Sci. Arts 46: 86 (1844)
= Equisetum limosum var. minus Roth, 441 (1788), nom. inval.
= Equisetum limosum var. nudum Strempel, 12 (1822)
= Equisetum limosum var. polystachyum Lej., 207 (1825), nom. illeg.
= Equisetum limosum var. polystachyum Schultz, 60 (1819)
= Equisetum limosum var. ramosum Gren., (1856), nom. illeg.
= Equisetum limosum var. ramosum Strempel, 12 (1822)
= Equisetum limosum var. simplicissimum Schur, 416 (1857)
= Equisetum limosum var. sterile Schumach., 8 (1803)
= Equisetum limosum var. subramosum Schur, 416 (1857)
= Equisetum limosum var. verticillatum Döll, 64 (1855)
= Equisetum maximum Lam., (1778) (p. p. incl. typo), nom. illeg.
= Equisetum polystachium Brückn.
species :
Equisetum giganteum L.; Syst. Nat. ed. X, 2: (131 (1759)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Jalisco, Nayarit, Veracruz); Cuba; Jamaica; Trinidad; Hispaniola; Costa Rica; Guatemala; Nicaragua; Belize; Honduras; El Salvador; Costa Rica; Panama; Colombia (Antioquia, Boyacá, Cesar, Chocó, Cundinamarca, Guainía, Huila, Nariño, Putumayo, Quindío, Tolima, Valle); Venezuela (Aragua, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Lara, Merida, Miranda, Portuguesa, Tachira, Trujillo); Ecuador; Peru; Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, La Paz, Santa Cruz, Tarija); Brazil (Bahia, Brasilia Distrito Federal, Espirito Santo, Goiás, Minas Gerais, Mato Grosso do Sul, Mato Grosso, Pernambuco, Paraná, Rio de Janeiro, Rondônia, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, São Paulo); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Catamarca, Chaco, Cordoba, Corrientes, Argentina Distrito Federal, Entre Rios, Formosa, Jujuy, La Pampa, La Rioja, Mendoza, Neuquen, Rio Negro, Salta, Santa Cruz, Santiago del Estero, Santa Fe, San Juan, San Luis, Tucuman); Chile (Tarapaca, Antofagasta, Atacama, Coquimbo, Valparaiso, O´Higgins, Maule, Bio Bio, Araucania, Reg. Metropolitana); Paraguay (Caazapa, Canindeyu); Uruguay (Artigas, Canelones, Cerro Largo, Colonia, Maldonado, Montevideo, Paysandu, Rio Negro, Rivera, Rocha, Salto, San Jose, Soriano, Tacuarembo)
79 MEX 80 BLZ COS ELS GUA HON NIC PAN 81 CUB HIS JAM TRT 82 CLM VEN 83 BOL ECU PER 84 BRA 85 ARG CLE PAR URU
Remarks: Subgen. Hippochaete
Synonyms: hidden
= Equisetum araucanum Phil., Anales Univ. Chile 94: 352 (1896)
= Equisetum bolivianum Gand., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 66: 304 (1920)
= Equisetum brasiliense f. nuda Milde, Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 13: 228 (1863)
= Equisetum brasiliense f. ramosa Milde, Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 13: 228 (1863)
= Equisetum brasiliense Milde, Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 12: 1262 (1862)
= Equisetum brasiliense var. nuda Milde, Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 14: 531 (1864)
= Equisetum brasiliense var. ramosa Milde, Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 14: 531 (1864)
= Equisetum caracasanum DC., Steud., Nomencl. Bot. Crypt.161 (1824)
= Equisetum elongatum var. affine Milde, Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 1: 68 (1864)
= Equisetum elongatum var. dolosum Milde, Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 1: 68 (1864)
= Equisetum elongatum var. scaberrimum Milde, Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 12: 1264 (1862)
= Equisetum giganteum var. asperrimum Milde, Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 14: 536 (1864)
= Equisetum giganteum var. caracasanum Milde, Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 12: 1263 (1862)
= Equisetum giganteum var. chilense Milde, Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 13: 229 (1863)
= Equisetum giganteum var. digitaliferum Pastore, Physis 15: 249 (1939)
= Equisetum humboldtii Poir., Lam., Dict. Suppl. 4: 549 (1816)
= Equisetum lechleri Milde, Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 11: 350 (1861)
= Equisetum martii Milde, Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 12: 1258 (1862)
= Equisetum martii var. minus Milde, Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 12: 1262 (1862)
= Equisetum philippi Gand., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 66: 304 (1920)
= Equisetum poeppigianum Mett., Fil. Lechl. 1: 27 (1856)
= Equisetum pyramidale Goldm., Nova Acta 11: 469 (1843)
= Equisetum ramosissimum Kunth, Sp. Pl. ed. IV, 5: 9 (1810) (nom. illeg., non Equisetum ramosissimum Desf. (1799))
= Equisetum ramosissimum var. affine Milde, (1867)
= Equisetum ramosissimum var. scaberium Milde, (1867)
= Equisetum scandens J.Rémy ex Gay, Hist. Fis. Pol. Chile Bot. 6: 471 (1854)
= Equisetum schaffneri Milde
= Equisetum tarapacanum Phil., (1891)
= Equisetum xylochaetum Mett., Fil. Lechl. 2: 34 (1859)
= Hippochaete gigantea (L.) Holub, Preslia 44: 128 (1972)
= Hippochaete hyemalis var. affinis (Engelm.) S.X.Li & J.Z.Wang, Clavis Pl. Chinae Bor.-Or. ed. 2 (ed. P. Y. Fu): 25 (1995) (as ´affine´)
species :
Equisetum hyemale L.; Sp. Pl. 2: 1062 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. hyemale
Name: Winter-Schachtelhalm (DE), Common Scouring Rush (EN)
Distribution: Albania; Austria; Belgium; Luxembourg; England; Scotland; Wales; Ireland; Bulgaria; Corsica; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Denmark; Finland; France; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Greece; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Netherlands; Spain; Hungary; Italy; Iceland; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Croatia; Macedonia; Serbia & Kosovo; Slovenia; Portugal; Malta; Norway; Poland; Romania; Sweden; European Turkey; ?Algeria; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; European Russia (N-European Russia, C-European Russia, W-European Russia, E-European Russia); Belarus; Ukraine; Turkey (Anatolia); Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Kyrgyzstan; Kazakhstan; China (Chongqing, Gansu, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang); Japan; North Korea; South Korea; Mongolia; New Zealand [I]
10 DEN FIN GRB ICE IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 COR FRA POR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA MLT MNT NMA ROM SLV SRB TUE 14 BLR EST LAT LIT RUS UKR 30 SIB 32 KAZ KGZ 33 ARM GEO NCS 34 TUR 36 CHI 37 MON 38 JAP KOR NKO 51 nzl
Remarks: Subgen. Hippochaete
Synonyms: hidden
= Equisetum alpinum Schur, 417 (1857)
= Equisetum asperrimum Gilib., (1792)
= Equisetum fusco-zonatum Schur, (1853)
= Equisetum hiemale f. minus (A.Braun ex Milde) Luerss., (1889)
= Equisetum hiemale f. ramigera (A.Braun ex Milde) Luerss., (1889)
= Equisetum hiemale var. brevivaginatum Rosend., (1917)
= Equisetum hiemale var. elatius Milde, (1863), nom. illeg.
= Equisetum hiemale var. minus A.Braun ex Milde, (1864)
= Equisetum hiemale var. paleaceum Schleicher ex A.Braun, (1839), nom. inval.
= Equisetum hiemale var. rabenhorstii Milde, (1863)
= Equisetum hiemale var. ramigerum A.Braun ex Milde, (1864)
= Equisetum hiemale var. subramosum A.Braun, (1839), nom. inval.
= Equisetum hiemale var. uliginosum Borckh., (1798)
= Equisetum hiemale var. vulgare (Döll) Milde, (1864)
= Equisetum hyemale f. hondae (Satou) Nakaike, J. Nat. Hist. Mus. Inst. Chiba 5(1): 20 (1998)
= Equisetum hyemale subf.polystachyum (Milde) G.Piep., 125 (1901)
= Equisetum hyemale var. brachiatum Strempel, 12 (1822)
= Equisetum hyemale var. doellii Milde, 69 (1863), nom. illeg.
= Equisetum hyemale var. elatius Milde, 70 (1863), nom. illeg.
= Equisetum hyemale var. rabenhorstii Milde, 69 (1863)
= Equisetum hyemale var. subramosum A.Braun, 308 (1839), nom. inval.
= Equisetum hyemale var. uliginosum Borkh., 6 (1798)
= Equisetum hyemale var. vulgare Strempel, 14 (1822)
= Equisetum ramosum ssp. paleaceum Schleicher ex A.Braun ex R.C.V.Douin, Bonnier & R. C. V. Douin (1934)
= Equisetum zonatum Friv., (1836)
= Hippochaete hyemalis (L.) Bruhin, Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 18: 758 (1868)
= Hippochaete hyemalis f. hondae Satou, Hikobia 12(3): 267 (1997), nom. nov.
subspecies :
subsp. affine (Engelm.) Calder & Roy L.Taylor; Canad. J. Bot. 43: 1387 (1965)
Name: Scouringrush horsetail
Distribution: Alaska; USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Iowa, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, Montana, North Carolina, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, Nevada, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Vermont, Washington State, Wisconsin, West Virginia, Wyoming); Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Northern Territories, Ontario, Québec, Saskatchewan, Yukon); Greenland; Guatemala; El Salvador; Mexico (Aguascalientes, Baja California Norte, Baja California Sur, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Colima, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Nuevo Leon, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Zacatecas); Russian Far East (incl. Kamchatka, Sakhalin); Japan; China (Heilongjiang); Taiwan [I]; Germany [I]
11 ger 31 RFE 36 CHI 38 JAP tai 70 ASK CDN GNL 71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX 80 ELS GUA
Remarks: sometimes treated as separate species E. praealtum
Synonyms: hidden
= Equisetum affine Rydb., Fl. Rocky Mts. 1052 (1917)
= Equisetum californicum (Milde) G.N.Jones, Univ. Wash. Publ. Biol. 7: 23, 174 (1939)
= Equisetum hiemale var. drummondi (Milde) A.A.Eaton, Fern Bull. 11: 75, 111 (1903)
= Equisetum hiemale var. herbaceum A.A.Eaton, Fern Bull. 11: 75, 108 (1903)
= Equisetum hiemale var. japonicum Milde, (1864)
= Equisetum hiemale var. pumilum A.A.Eaton, Fern Bull. 11: 109 (1903)
= Equisetum hyemale f. herbaceum (A.A.Eaton) M.Broun, (1938)
= Equisetum hyemale f. pumilum (A.A.Eaton) Scoggan, Fl. Canada pt. 1, 51 (1978)
= Equisetum hyemale var. affine (Engelm.) A.A.Eaton, Fern Bull. 11(4): 111-112 (1903)
= Equisetum hyemale var. californica Farw., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 6: 465 (1916)
= Equisetum hyemale var. californicum Milde, Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 12: 1264 (1862)
= Equisetum hyemale var. elatum (Engelm.) Morton, Leafl. West. Bot. 6(7): 156 (1951)
= Equisetum hyemale var. intermedium A.A.Eaton
= Equisetum hyemale var. praealtum (Raf.) Clute, (1908)
= Equisetum hyemale var. pseudohyemale (Farw.) Morton, Britton & Brown, Ill. Fl. N. U. St. 1: 16 (1952)
= Equisetum hyemale var. ramosum Honda, (1933)
= Equisetum hyemale var. robustum (A.Braun) A.A.Eaton, Fern Bull. 11: 75, 112 (1903)
= Equisetum hyemale var. texanum Milde
= Equisetum komarovii Iljin, Flora URSS 1: 110 (1934)
= Equisetum praealtum f. drummondii (Milde) M.Broun, Index N. Amer. Ferns 93 (1938)
= Equisetum praealtum f. neopolystachyum (Farw.) M.Broun, Index N. Amer. Ferns 93 (1938)
= Equisetum praealtum f. polystachyum (Prag.) M.Broun, Index N. Amer. Ferns 94 (1938)
= Equisetum praealtum f. pumilum (A.A.Eaton) M.Broun, Index N. Amer. Ferns 94 (1938)
= Equisetum praealtum f. ramosum (A.A.Eaton) M.Broun, Index N. Amer. Ferns 94 (1938)
= Equisetum praealtum f. texanum (Milde) M.Broun, Index N. Amer. Ferns 93 (1938)
= Equisetum praealtum Raf., Fl. Ludovic. 13 (1817)
= Equisetum praealtum var. affine (Engelm.) M.Broun, Ind. N. Amer. Ferns 93 (1938)
= Equisetum robustum A.Braun ex Engelm., Amer. J. Bot. 46: 88 (1844)
= Equisetum robustum var. affine Engelm., Amer. J. Sci. Arts, Bot. II, 46: 88 (1844)
= Equisetum robustum var. drummondii Milde, (1867)
= Equisetum robustum var. minus Engelm., Amer. J. Sci. Arts 46: 88 (1844)
= Hippochaete hyemalis f. affinis (Engelm.) Satou, Hikobia 12(3): 267 (1997)
= Hippochaete hyemalis var. californica (Milde) Farw., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 6: 465 (1916)
= Hippochaete praealta (Raf.) Farw., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 6: 467 (1916)
= Hippochaete praealta subvar. neopolystachya Farw., Amer. Fern J. 27: 17 (1937)
= Hippochaete praealta subvar. polystachya (Prag.) Farw., Amer. Fern J. 27: 17 (1937)
= Hippochaete praealta var. affinis (Engelm.) Farw., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 6: 467 (1916)
= Hippochaete praealta var. intermedia (A.A.Eaton) Farw., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 6: 468 (1916)
= Hippochaete praealta var. pseudohyemalis Farw., Amer. Fern J. 7: 76 (1917)
species :
Equisetum laevigatum A.Braun; Amer. J. Sci. Arts 46: 87 (1844)
Name: Smooth horsetail
Distribution: USA (Arkansas, Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Iowa, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Mexico, Nevada, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Washington State, Wisconsin, Wyoming); Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Ontario, Québec, Saskatchewan); Mexico (Baja California Norte, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Colima, Durango, Mexico State, Morelos, Nuevo Leon, Oaxaca, Sonora, Tamaulipas)
71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX
Remarks: Subgen. Hippochaete
Synonyms: hidden
= Equisetum fontinale Copel., Madroño 3: 367, fig. 1 (1936)
= Equisetum funstonii A.A.Eaton, Fern Bull. 11: 10 (1903)
= Equisetum funstonii f. caespitosum A.A.Eaton, Fern Bull. 11: 11 (1903)
= Equisetum funstonii f. nudum A.A.Eaton, Fern Bull. 11: 11 (1903)
= Equisetum funstonii f. polystachyum A.A.Eaton, Fern Bull. 11: 12 (1903)
= Hippochaete laevigata var. polystachya (A.A.Eaton) Farw., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 6: 471 (1916)
= Equisetum funstonii f. ramosum A.A.Eaton, Fern Bull. 11: 12 (1903)
= Equisetum funstonii var. caespitosum (A.A.Eaton) Jeps., Man. Fl. Pl. Calif. [Jepson] 40 (1923)
= Equisetum funstonii var. nudum (A.A.Eaton) Jeps., Man. Fl. Pl. Calif. [Jepson] 40 (1923)
= Equisetum funstonii var. ramosum (A.A.Eaton) Jeps., Man. Fl. Pl. Calif. [Jepson] 41 (1923)
= Equisetum kansanum f. caespiticum (Farw.) M.Broun, Index N. Amer. Ferns 89 (1938)
= Equisetum kansanum f. caespitosum (A.A.Eaton) M.Broun, Index N. Amer. Ferns 89 (1938)
= Equisetum kansanum f. eatonii (Farw.) M.Broun, Index N. Amer. Ferns 89 (1938)
= Equisetum kansanum f. polystachyum (A.A.Eaton) M.Broun, Index N. Amer. Ferns 89 (1938)
= Equisetum kansanum f. ramosum (A.A.Eaton) M.Broun, Index N. Amer. Ferns 90 (1938)
= Equisetum kansanum f. variegatoides (A.A.Eaton) M.Broun, Index N. Amer. Ferns 90 (1938)
= Equisetum kansanum J.H.Schaffn., Ohio Naturalist (and Journal of Science) 13: 21 (1912)
= Equisetum laevigatum f. caespitosum A.A.Eaton, Fern Bull. 11: 43 (1903)
= Equisetum laevigatum f. polystachum (A.A.Eaton) A.A.Eaton, Fern Bull. 11: 44 (1903)
= Equisetum laevigatum f. proliferum Haberer, Bull. New York State Mus. Nat. Hist. 243-244: 47 (1923)
= Equisetum laevigatum f. ramosum A.A.Eaton, Fern Bull. 11: 43 (1903)
= Equisetum laevigatum f. scabrellum (Engelm.) M.Broun, Index N. Amer. Ferns 90 (1938)
= Equisetum laevigatum f. variegatoides A.A.Eaton, Fern Bull. 11: 43 (1903)
= Equisetum laevigatum ssp. funstonii (A.A.Eaton) Hartm., Tr. Kansas Acad. Sci. 61: 145 (1958)
= Equisetum laevigatum var. scabrellum Engelm., Amer. J. Sci. Arts, Bot. II, 46: 87 (1844)
= Hippochaete laevigata (A.Braun) Farw., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 6: 469 (1916)
= Hippochaete laevigata var. caespitica Farw., Amer. Fern J. 27: 17 (1937)
= Hippochaete laevigata var. caespitosa (A.A.Eaton) Farw., Amer. Fern J. 27: 17 (1937)
= Hippochaete laevigata var. funstonii (A.A.Eaton) Farw., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 6: 471 (1916)
= Hippochaete laevigata var. ramosa (A.A.Eaton) Farw., Amer. Fern J. 27: 17 (1937)
= Hippochaete laevigata var. variegatoides (A.A.Eaton) Farw., Amer. Fern J. 27: 17 (1937)
= Hippochaete praealta var. scabrella (Engelm.) Farw., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 6: 469 (1916)
species :
Equisetum myriochaetum Cham. & Schltdl.; Linn. 5: 623 (1830)
Distribution: Nicaragua; Honduras; Costa Rica; El Salvador; Mexico (Chiapas, Colima, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Nayarit, Nuevo Leon, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Zacatecas); Colombia (Antioquia, Chocó, Cundinamarca, Tolima, Valle); Venezuela (Lara, Merida); Ecuador; Peru
79 MEX 80 COS ELS HON NIC 82 CLM VEN 83 ECU PER
Remarks: Subgen. Hippochaete
Synonyms: hidden
= Equisetum mexicanum Milde, Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 11: 355 (1861)
= Hippochaete myriochaeta (SchltScdl. & Cham.) Holub, Preslia 44: 128 (1972)
= Equisetum myriochaetum var. densum Milde, Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 11: 355 (1861)
= Equisetum myriochaetum var. laxum Milde, Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 11: 355 (1861)
= Equisetum ramosissimum f. muelleri Milde, Monogr. Equis. 438 (1867)
= Equisetum ramosissimum f. sprucei Milde, Monogr. Equis. 499 (1867)
species :
Equisetum nelsonii (A.A.Eaton) J.H.Schaffn.; Amer. Fern J. 16: 46 (1926)
Distribution: USA (Colorado, Connecticut, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, North Dakota, New York, Ohio, Oregon, Utah, Wisconsin, Wyoming); Canada (Ontario, Québec, Saskatchewan)
71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 78 USA
Remarks: Subgen. Hippochaete, derived from Equisetum laevigatum x variegatum
Synonyms: hidden
= Equisetum variegatum var. nelsonii A.A.Eaton, Fern Bull. 12: 41 (1904)
= Hippochaete nelsonii (A.A.Eaton) Farw., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 6: 472 (1916)
species :
Equisetum palustre L.; Sp. Pl. 2: 1061 (1753)
Name: Sumpf-Schachtelhalm (DE), Marsh Horsetail (EN)
Distribution: Albania; Austria; Belgium; Luxembourg; England; Channel Isl.; Bulgaria; Corsica; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Denmark; Faeroe Isl.; Finland; France; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Greece; Ireland; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Netherlands; Spain; Hungary; Italy; Iceland; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Croatia; Macedonia; San Marino; Serbia & Kosovo; Slovenia; Portugal; Andorra [I]; Malta; Norway; Poland; Romania; Sardinia; Sicily; Sweden; European Turkey; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; European Russia (N-European Russia, C-European Russia, W-European Russia, E-European Russia); Crimea; Belarus; Ukraine; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Russian Far East; Kyrgyzstan; Kazakhstan; Japan; China (Chongqing, Gansu, Guizhou, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Yunnan); Tibet; Mongolia; North Korea; South Korea; NE-Pakistan; N-India (Jammu & Kashmir, etc.); Nepal; E-Afghanistan; Turkey (Anatolia); Lebanon; Iran; Alaska; USA (California, Connecticut, Idaho, Illinois, Massachusetts, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, North Dakota, New Hampshire, New York, Oregon, South Dakota, Vermont, Washington State, Wisconsin); Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Labrador, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Northern Territories, Ontario, Québec, Saskatchewan, Yukon)
10 DEN FIN FOR GRB ICE IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 ado CIS COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA MLT MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SMA SRB TUE 14 BLR EST KRY LAT LIT RUS UKR 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ KGZ 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG IRN LEB TUR 36 CHI TIB 37 MON 38 JAP KOR NKO 40 IND NEP PAK 70 ASK CDN 71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA
Remarks: Subgen. Equisetum
Synonyms: hidden
= Equisetum palustre f. fallax (Milde) M.Broun, Index N. Amer. Ferns 91 (1938)
= Equisetum palustre f. fluitans Vict., Contr. Lab. Bot. Univ. Montréal 9: 60, fig. 13, 121 (1927)
= Equisetum palustre f. luxurians Vict., Contr. Lab. Bot. Univ. Montréal 9: 56, fig. 11, 12, 121 (1927)
= Equisetum palustre f. nigridens (H.St.John) Vict., Contr. Lab. Bot. Univ. Montréal 9: 63 (1927)
= Equisetum palustre f. nudum (Duby) E.Baumann, 81 (1911)
= Equisetum palustre f. prostratum (Hoppe) Asch., 901 (1864)
= Equisetum palustre f. ramosissimum (M.Peck) M.Broun, Index N. Amer. Ferns 92 (1938)
= Equisetum palustre f. tenue (Döll) E.Baumann, (1911)
= Equisetum palustre f. tenue (Döll) M.Broun, Index N. Amer. Ferns 92 (1938)
= Equisetum palustre f. tenue (Döll) Zapal., 84 (1905)
= Equisetum palustre f. verticillatum (Milde) C.W.Christ., 313 (1922)
= Equisetum palustre subf.compositum (Kaulf.) Münderl., 58 (1898)
= Equisetum palustre subf.giganteum Münderl., 58 (1898)
= Equisetum palustre subf.pauciramosum (Bolle) Murr, 12 (1923)
= Equisetum palustre var. alpinum Hook.fil., (1870), nom. inval.
= Equisetum palustre var. americanum Vict., Contr. Lab. Bot. Univ. Montreal 9: 51, f. 7 (1927)
= Equisetum palustre var. fallax Milde
= Equisetum palustre var. leptostachyum Hampe, 61 (1836), nom. inval.
= Equisetum palustre var. microstachyum Schur, 416 (1857)
= Equisetum palustre var. monostachyon Borckh., 3 (1798)
= Equisetum palustre var. nigridens H.St.John, Bot. Explor. St. Lawrence 126: 42 (1922)
= Equisetum palustre var. nudum Duby, 535 (1828)
= Equisetum palustre var. paludosum Schur, 415 (1857)
= Equisetum palustre var. polystachyon Borckh., 3 (1798)
= Equisetum palustre var. polystachyum A.Braun ex Engelm., Amer. J. Sci. Arts 46: 85 (1844)
= Equisetum palustre var. prostratum Hausm., 1028 (1852)
= Equisetum palustre var. simplicissimum A.Braun & Engelm., Amer. J. Sci. Arts 46(1): 85 (1844)
= Equisetum palustre var. simplicissimum A.Braun, 85 (1844)
= Equisetum palustre var. simplicissimum Schur, 415 (1857), nom. illeg.
= Equisetum palustre var. szechuanense Page, Fern Gaz. 11: 34 (1974)
= Equisetum palustre var. tenue Döll, 29 (1843)
= Equisetum pratense var. prostratum (Hoppe) Rchb., XIV (1833)
species :
Equisetum pratense Ehrh.; Hannov. Mag. 22: 1 (1784)
Name: Wiesen-Schachtelhalm (DE), Meadow Horsetail (EN)
Distribution: Austria; Belgium; England; Scotland; Wales; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Denmark; Finland; France; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin+, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Schleswig-Holstein, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Ireland; Switzerland; Iceland; Italy; Norway; Poland; Sweden; Croatia; Montenegro; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; European Russia (N-European Russia, C-European Russia, W-European Russia, E-European Russia); Belarus; Ukraine; Crimea; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Kazakhstan; Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Russian Far East; Japan (Hokkaido); China (Gansu, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jilin, Nei Mongol, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Xinjiang); North Korea; South Korea; Mongolia; Alaska; USA (Colorado, Connecticut, Iowa, Idaho, Illinois, Massachusetts, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, North Dakota, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, South Dakota, Vermont, Wisconsin); Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Labrador, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Northern Territories, Nunavut, Ontario, Québec, Saskatchewan, Yukon)
10 DEN FIN GRB ICE IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER POL SLO SWI 12 FRA 13 CRO ITA MNT 14 BLR EST KRY LAT LIT RUS UKR 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ 33 GEO NCS 36 CHI 37 MON 38 JAP KOR NKO 70 ASK CDN 71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA
Remarks: Subgen. Equisetum
Synonyms: hidden
= Allostelites pratense (Ehrh.) Börner, 283 (1912)
= Equisetum pratense f. praecox (Milde) C.W.Christ., 312 (1922)
= Equisetum pratense f. serotinum (Milde) C.W.Christ., 312 (1922)
= Equisetum umbrosum J.G.F.Mey. ex Willd., Enum. Pl. (Willd.) 2: 1065 (1809)
species :
Equisetum ramosissimum Desf.; Fl. Atlant. 2: 3 (1799)
Name: Ästiger Schachtelhalm (DE), Branched Horsetail (EN)
Distribution: England [I]; Albania; Austria; Belgium; Luxembourg; Baleares; England; Bulgaria; Corsica; Czech Republic; Slovakia; France; Germany (Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern [I], Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl.; Switzerland; Netherlands; Spain; Hungary; Italy; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Croatia; Macedonia; Serbia & Kosovo; Slovenia; Portugal; Poland; Romania; San Marino; Sardinia; Sicily; European Turkey; Libya; Tunisia; Algeria; Morocco; Western Sahara; Azores (Santa Maria Isl., Sao Miguel Isl., Terceira); Madeira (Madeira Isl.); Canary Isl. (Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, La Palma Isl.); Cape Verde Isl. (Santo Antao Isl., Sao Vicente Isl., Ilha de Sao Nicolau, Ilha de Sao Tiago); Mauritania; Liberia; Chad; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Sudan; Ethiopia; Somalia; Uganda; Burundi; Kenya; Tanzania; Zanzibar; Angola; Malawi; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe; S-Namibia; SE-Botswana; South Africa (Limpopo, North West, Gauteng, Mpulamanga, Free State, N-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov., KwaZulu-Natal); Lesotho; Eswatini [Swaziland]; Comores (Grande Comore, Mayotte); Madagascar; ?Mauritius; La Réunion; Turkey (Anatolia); East Aegaean Isl. (Rhodos); Cyprus; Lebanon; Syria; Iraq; Iran; Israel; Jordania; Palestine; Sinai peninsula; Saudi Arabia; N-Yemen; Oman; Bahrain; Kuwait; Afghanistan; +Latvia; +Lithuania; Ukraine; Crimea; European Russia (N-European Russia, C-European Russia, W-European Russia, E-European Russia); Northern Caucasus; Turkmenistan; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Siberia (W-Siberia); Kyrgyzstan; Kazakhstan; Uzbekistan; Tajikistan; Japan; China (Anhui, Chongqing, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Yunnan, Zhejiang); Taiwan; Tibet; Ryukyu Isl.; North Korea; South Korea; Mongolia; Pakistan (Baluchistan, Kurram, Chitral, Swat, Murree, Hazara, Astor, Baltistan); India (Jammu & Kashmir, Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Gujarat, Mizoram, Nagaland, Odisha, Panjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal); Bhutan; Bangladesh; Sri Lanka; Vanuatu; New Caledonia; Fiji (Viti Levu); Philippines; Nepal; Myanmar; Laos; Cambodia; Vietnam; New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea); peninsular Malaysia (Pahang, Perak); Borneo (Sabah); Thailand; Sumatra; Java; Lesser Sunda Isl. (Bali, Lombok, etc.); Sulawesi; Moluccas (Seram); Solomon Isl. (Guadalcanal); USA [I] (Florida [I], Louisiana [I], North Carolina [I])
10 grb GRB 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 BAL COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KRI MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SMA SRB TUE 14 KRY LAT LIT RUS UKR 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN WSA 21 AZO CNY CVI MDR 22 LBR MTN 23 BUR ZAI 24 CHA ETH SOM SUD 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 ANG MLW MOZ ZAM ZIM 27 BOT LES NAM SAF SWZ 29 COM MDG REU 30 SIB 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB PAL SIN SYR TUR 35 BAR KUW OMA SAU YEM 36 CHI TIB 37 MON 38 JAP KOR NKO NNS TAI 40 BAN BHU IND NEP PAK SRL 41 CBD LAO MYA THA VIE 42 BOR JAW LSI MLY MOL NWG PHI SUL SUM 43 SOL 60 FIJ NWC VAN 78 usa
Remarks: Subgen. Hippochaete. According to Fraser-Jenkins (in litt.) subsp. debile cannot be maintained because there are no clear differences and borders.
Synonyms: hidden
= Equisetum altissimum A.Braun, (fide Fraser-Jenkins 1997)
= Equisetum aquaticum Noronha, Verh. Bat. Genootsch. 5: 14 (1790), nom. nud.
= Equisetum azoricum Gand., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 66: 304 (1920)
= Equisetum burchellii Vaucher, Mon. Prèles 375 (1821)
= Equisetum caespitosum Schur, Österr. Bot. Zeit. 3: 98 (1861)
= Equisetum campanulatum Poir., Lam., Encycl. 5: 613 (1804)
= Equisetum debile Roxb. ex Vaucher, Mém. Soc. Phys. Hist. Nat. Genève 1: 387 (1822)
= Equisetum debile var. caespitosum Milde, Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 1: 60 (1864)
= Equisetum debile var. divaricatum Milde, Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 1: 60 (1864)
= Equisetum debile var. gracile Milde, Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 13: 231 (1863)
= Equisetum debile var. laevissimum Milde, Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 13: 230 (1863)
= Equisetum debile var. majus Milde, Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 1: 60 (1864)
= Equisetum debile var. minus Milde, Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 1: 60 (1864)
= Equisetum debile var. nudum Milde, Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 1: 243 (1864)
= Equisetum debile var. pashan Mahab., J. Univ. Bombay 6: 62 (1938)
= Equisetum debile var. polystachyum Milde, Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 13: 231 (1863)
= Equisetum elongatum f. minor Formánek, (1886), nom. inval.
= Equisetum elongatum f. simplex (Döll) Wirtg., 539 (1857)
= Equisetum elongatum f. subverticillatum (A.Braun) Wirtg., 540 (1857)
= Equisetum elongatum var. abyssinicum Milde, Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 1: 67 (1864)
= Equisetum elongatum var. arabicum Milde, Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 1: 65 (1864)
= Equisetum elongatum var. arcuatum Milde, Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 1: 67 (1864)
= Equisetum elongatum var. boivini Milde, Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 1: 244 (1864)
= Equisetum elongatum var. boryanum Milde, Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 1: 244 (1864)
= Equisetum elongatum var. burchellii Milde, Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 1: 66 (1864)
= Equisetum elongatum var. capense Milde, Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 1: 66 (1864)
= Equisetum elongatum var. distortum Milde, Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 1: 244 (1864)
= Equisetum elongatum var. dregeanum Milde, Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 1: 67 (1864)
= Equisetum elongatum var. elegans Milde, Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 1: 64 (1864)
= Equisetum elongatum var. flagelliferum Milde, Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 1: 67 (1864)
= Equisetum elongatum var. gracile (A.Braun) Döll, 67 (1855)
= Equisetum elongatum var. gracile (A.Braun) Milde, Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 1: 533 (1864)
= Equisetum elongatum var. graecum Milde, Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 1: 63 (1864)
= Equisetum elongatum var. hispanicum Milde, Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 1: 66 (1864)
= Equisetum elongatum var. humile Milde, Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 1: 64 (1864)
= Equisetum elongatum var. iaponicum Milde, Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 1: 65 (1864)
= Equisetum elongatum var. incanum Milde, Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 1: 68 (1864)
= Equisetum elongatum var. lohseanum Milde, Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 1: 67 (1864)
= Equisetum elongatum var. malabaricum Milde, Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 1: 65 (1864)
= Equisetum elongatum var. nudum Milde, Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 1: 65 (1864)
= Equisetum elongatum var. ornatum Milde, Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 1: 533 (1864)
= Equisetum elongatum var. ramosissimum (Desf.) Jess., 606 (1879), nom. illeg.
= Equisetum elongatum var. ramosissimum Milde, Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 1: 64 (1864)
= Equisetum elongatum var. scabrum Milde, Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 1: 63 (1864)
= Equisetum elongatum var. simplex Döll, Gefässkr. Grossh. Badens 66 (1855)
= Equisetum elongatum var. sinaiticum Milde, Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 1: 66 (1864)
= Equisetum elongatum var. subverticillatum (A.Braun) Döll, 66 (1855)
= Equisetum elongatum var. subverticillatum (A.Braun) Milde, Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 1: 533 (1864)
= Equisetum elongatum var. tenuissimum Milde, Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 1: 64 (1864)
= Equisetum elongatum var. virgatum (A.Braun) Döll, 67 (1855)
= Equisetum elongatum var. virgatum (A.Braun) Milde, Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 1: 533 (1864), comb. superfl.
= Equisetum elongatum Willd., Sp. Pl. ed. IV, 5: 8 (1810)
= Equisetum ephedroides Bory, Nouv. Fl. Pelopon. 66 (1838) (nom. illeg.)
= Equisetum hiemale ssp. ramosum A.Braun, Flora 22: 308 (1839)
= Equisetum hiemale ssp. ramosum var.gracile A.Braun, Flora 22: 308 (1839)
= Equisetum hiemale ssp. ramosum var.virgatum A.Braun, Flora 22: 308 (1839)
= Equisetum hiemale ssp. sieboldii Milde, (1863)
= Equisetum hiemale var. procerum Pollini, Fl. Veron. 3: 262 (1824)
= Equisetum hiemale var. subverticillatum A.Braun, Flora 22: 308 (1839)
= Equisetum huegelii Milde, Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 11: 356 (1861)
= Equisetum huegelii var. majus Milde, Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 11: 358 (1861)
= Equisetum huegelii var. minus Milde, Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 11: 358 (1861)
= Equisetum hungaricum Sandor & Kit., Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 17: 575 (1867)
= Equisetum hyemale ssp. ramosum A.Braun, 308 (1839)
= Equisetum hyemale var. arenarium Borckh., 6 (1798)
= Equisetum hyemale var. elongatum (Willd.) Döll, 31 (1843)
= Equisetum hyemale var. gracile A.Braun, 308 (1839)
= Equisetum hyemale var. paleaceum A.Braun, 308 (1839), nom. inval.
= Equisetum hyemale var. subverticillatum A.Braun, 308 (1839)
= Equisetum hyemale var. virgatum A.Braun, 308 (1839)
= Equisetum incanum Vaucher, Mon. Prèles 382 (1821)
= Equisetum laxum Blume, Enum. Pl. Jav. 274 (1830)
= Equisetum multicaule Ledeb., Fl. ross. 4: 490 (1853)
= Equisetum multiforme var. campanulatum Vaucher, Mon. Prèles 379 (1821)
= Equisetum multiforme var. paleaceum Vaucher, Mon. Prèles 379 (1821)
= Equisetum multiforme var. ramosum Vaucher, Mon. Prèles 379 (1821)
= Equisetum multiforme var. tenue Vaucher, Mon. Prèles 379 (1821)
= Equisetum multiforme Vaucher, Mon. Prèles 379 (1821)
= Equisetum paleaceum Schleich., 38 (1821), nom. inval.
= Equisetum pallens Wall., List 29 (1828)
= Equisetum pallidum Bory, Exp. Sci. Morée Bot. 282 (1832)
= Equisetum pannonicum Kit.apud Willd., L., Sp. Pl. 5: 6 (1810)
= Equisetum procerum Pollini, Horti & Prov. Veron. Pl. 28 (1816)
= Equisetum ramosissimum f. debile (Roxb. ex Vaucher) Fraser-Jenk., Ferns and Fern-allies of Nepal 1: 89 (2015)
= Equisetum ramosissimum ssp. campanulatum (Poir.) Tourlet, 604 (1908)
= Equisetum ramosissimum ssp. campanulatum var.virgatum f.supina Simon, (1950)
= Equisetum ramosissimum ssp. debile (Roxb. ex Vaucher) Hauke, Amer. Fern J. 52(1): 33 (1962)
= Equisetum ramosissimum ssp. incanum (Vaucher) Pignatti, Giorn. Bot. Ital. 116: 93 (1983)
= Equisetum ramosissimum ssp. paleaceum (Reut.) Tourlet, 604 (1908)
= Equisetum ramosissimum ssp. paleaceum (Vaucher) Pignatti, Fl. Ital. 1: 43 (1982)
= Equisetum ramosissimum ssp. virgatum (A.Braun) Tourlet, 604 (1908)
= Equisetum ramosissimum var. abyssinicum Milde, Monogr. Equis. 448 (1867)
= Equisetum ramosissimum var. altissimum (A.Braun) Bir, Indian Fern J. 2(1-2): 42 (1985) (fide Fraser-Jenkins 1997)
= Equisetum ramosissimum var. altissimum Milde, Höh. Sporenpfl. Deutschl. 117 (1865)
= Equisetum ramosissimum var. ambiguum Tourlet, 605 (1908)
= Equisetum ramosissimum var. arabicum Milde, Monogr. Equis. 441 (1867)
= Equisetum ramosissimum var. arcuatum Milde, Monogr. Equis. 448 (1867)
= Equisetum ramosissimum var. boivinii A.Braun ex Milde, Monogr. Equis. 452 (1867)
= Equisetum ramosissimum var. boryanum A.Braun ex Milde, Monogr. Equis. 450 (1867)
= Equisetum ramosissimum var. burchellii (Vaucher) Milde, Monogr. Equis. 443 (1867)
= Equisetum ramosissimum var. campanulatum (Poir.) Trevis., Atti della Società Italiana di Scienze Naturali 17: 253 [1874] (1875)
= Equisetum ramosissimum var. capense Milde, Monogr. Equis. 442 (1867)
= Equisetum ramosissimum var. distortum A.Braun ex Milde, Monogr. Equis. 451 (1867)
= Equisetum ramosissimum var. dregeanum Milde, Monogr. Equis. 447 (1867)
= Equisetum ramosissimum var. elegans Milde, Höh. Sporenpfl. Deutschl. 118 (1865)
= Equisetum ramosissimum var. fastigiatum Hy, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 37: 60 (1890)
= Equisetum ramosissimum var. flagelliferum Milde, Monogr. Equis. 449 (1867)
= Equisetum ramosissimum var. gracile (A.Braun) Milde, Höh. Sporenpfl. Deutschl. 117 (1865)
= Equisetum ramosissimum var. hispanicum Milde, Monogr. Equis. 445 (1867)
= Equisetum ramosissimum var. huegelii (Milde) Christenh. & Husby, Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 189(4): 343 (2019)
= Equisetum ramosissimum var. humile Milde, Höh. Sporenpfl. Deutschl. 117 (1865)
= Equisetum ramosissimum var. incanum (Vaucher) Milde, Monogr. Equis. 450 (1867)
= Equisetum ramosissimum var. jacquemontii Milde, Monogr. Equis. 446 (1867)
= Equisetum ramosissimum var. japonicum Milde, Monogr. Equis. 440 (1867)
= Equisetum ramosissimum var. lohseanum Milde, Monogr. Equis. 446 (1867)
= Equisetum ramosissimum var. malabaricum Milde, Monogr. Equis. 440 (1867)
= Equisetum ramosissimum var. multicaule (Ledeb.) Milde, Monogr. Equis. 439 (1867)
= Equisetum ramosissimum var. natalense A.Braun ex Milde, Monogr. Equis. 452 (1867)
= Equisetum ramosissimum var. nudum Milde, Monogr. Equis. 441 (1867)
= Equisetum ramosissimum var. orientale Nábelek, (1929)
= Equisetum ramosissimum var. ornatum Milde, Höh. Sporenpfl. Deutschl. 117 (1865)
= Equisetum ramosissimum var. renati Hy, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 37: 60 (1890)
= Equisetum ramosissimum var. scabrum Milde, Höh. Sporenpfl. Deutschl. 118 (1865)
= Equisetum ramosissimum var. schleicheri DuBuysson, Rev. Sci. du Bourbonnais 1: 248 (1888)
= Equisetum ramosissimum var. simplex (Döll) Milde, Höh. Sporenpfl. Deutschl. 118 (1865)
= Equisetum ramosissimum var. sinaiticum Milde, Monogr. Equis. 445 (1867)
= Equisetum ramosissimum var. subverticillatum (A.Braun) Milde, Höh. Sporenpfl. Deutschl. 117 (1865)
= Equisetum ramosissimum var. virgatum (A.Braun) Milde, Höh. Sporenpfl. Deutschl. 118 (1867)
= Equisetum ramosum DC., Syn. Pl. Fl. Gall.: 118 (1806)
= Equisetum ramosum Schleich., 27 (1807), nom. inval.
= Equisetum ramosum ssp. paleaceum (Reut.) R.C.V.Douin, Bonnier & R. C. V. Douin, 115 (1934)
= Equisetum ramosum var. major Reut., 255 (1861)
= Equisetum ramosum var. paleaceum (Schleicher) Reut., 255 (1861)
= Equisetum sieboldii Milde, Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 1: 62 (1864)
= Equisetum tenue J. & C.C.Presl, Fl. Sic. 1: 46 (1826)
= Equisetum thunbergii Wikstr., Kongl. Vetensk. Acad. Handl. 2: 4 (1821)
= Equisetum timorianum Vaucher, Mon. Prèles 376 (1821)
= Equisetum virgatum Blume, Enum. Pl. Jav. 274 (1830)
= Hippochaete debilis (Roxb. ex Vaucher) Holub, Preslia 44: 128 (1972)
= Hippochaete debilis (Roxb.) Ching, Fl. Xizangica 1: 29 (1983), comb. superfl.
= Hippochaete ramosissima (Desf.) Bruhin, Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 18: 758 (1868)
= Hippochaete ramosissima ssp. debilis (Roxb. ex Vaucher) Á.Löve & D.Löve, Taxon 26(2-3): 324 (1977)
= Hippochaete ramosissima var. japonica (Milde) J.X.Li & F.Q.Zhou, Bull. Bot. Res. Harbin 11(2): 35-36 (1991)
= Hippochaete ramosissima var. japonica (Milde) Satou, Hikobia 12(3): 267 (1997), comb. superfl.
= Hippochaete ramosissimum (Desf.) Bruhin, 758 (1868)
species :
Equisetum scirpoides Michx.; Fl. bor. Amer. 2: 281 (1803)
Name: Dwarf Scouring Rush
Distribution: +Austria; +Finland; Norway; Svalbard; Sweden; Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia, Novaya Zemlja); Russian Far East (incl. Kamchatka); Japan; European Russia (N-European Russia, C-European Russia, E-European Russia); Latvia; Estonia; Kazakhstan; Mongolia; China (Nei Mongol, Xinjiang); North Korea; Alaska; USA (Connecticut, Iowa, Idaho, Illinois, Massachusetts, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, North Dakota, New Hampshire, New York, South Dakota, Vermont, Washington State, Wisconsin, Wyoming); Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Labrador, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Northern Territories, Nunavut, Ontario, Prince Edward Isl., Québec, Saskatchewan, Yukon); Greenland; St. Pierre et Miquelon
10 FIN NOR SVA SWE 11 AUT 14 EST LAT RUS 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ 36 CHI 37 MON 38 JAP NKO 70 ASK CDN GNL 71 CDN 72 CDN SPM 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA
Remarks: Subgen. Hippochaete
Synonyms: hidden
= Equisetum hiemale var. tenellum Lilj., (1798)
= Equisetum reptans Wahlenb., (1812)
= Equisetum scirpoides var. alpestre Rosend., (1917)
= Equisetum scirpoides var. caespitosum Rosend., (1917)
= Equisetum scirpoides var. elatum Rosend., (1917)
= Equisetum scirpoides var. minus G.Lawson, Trans. Bot. Soc. Edinburgh 7: 564 (1863)
= Equisetum scirpoides var. pedunculatum Rosend., (1917)
= Equisetum scirpoides var. ramulosum Rosend., (1917)
= Equisetum setaceum Vaucher, (1821)
= Equisetum tenellum A.A.Eaton, Fern Bull. 12: 43 (1904)
= Hippochaete scirpoides (Michx.) Farw., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 6: 467 (1916)
= Hippochaete scirpoides (Michx.) Rothm., (comb. superfl.)
species :
Equisetum sylvaticum L.; Sp. Pl. 2: 1061 (1753)
Name: Wald-Schachtelhalm (DE), Wood Horsetail (EN)
Distribution: Austria; Belgium; Luxembourg; England; Wales; Scotland; Bulgaria; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Denmark; Finland; France; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Ireland; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Netherlands; Spain; Hungary; Iceland; Italy; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Croatia; Macedonia; Serbia & Kosovo; Slovenia; Norway; Poland; Romania; Sweden; ?European Turkey; Cyprus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; European Russia (N-European Russia, C-European Russia, W-European Russia, E-European Russia); Belarus; Ukraine; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus] (Imereti); Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Russian Far East; Kazakhstan; Japan; China (Heilongjiang, Jilin, Nei Mongol, Shandong, Xinjiang); North Korea; Mongolia; Alaska; USA (Connecticut, Delaware, Iowa, Idaho, Illinois, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, North Carolina, North Dakota, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Virginia, Vermont, Washington State, Wisconsin, West Virginia, Wyoming); Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Labrador, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Northern Territories, Nunavut, Ontario, Prince Edward Isl., Québec, Saskatchewan, Yukon); Greenland; St. Pierre et Miquelon
10 DEN FIN GRB ICE IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 FRA SPA 13 BIH BUL CRO ITA MNT NMA ROM SLV SRB 14 BLR EST LAT LIT RUS UKR 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ 33 GEO NCS 34 CYP 36 CHI 37 MON 38 JAP NKO 70 ASK CDN GNL 71 CDN 72 CDN SPM 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 78 USA
Remarks: Subgen. Equisetum
Synonyms: hidden
= Allostelites sylvaticum (L.) Börner, 59 (1912)
= Equisetum capillare Hoffm., Deutschl. Fl. 2: (1796)
= Equisetum silvaticum var. squarrosum A.A.Eaton, Fern Bull. 9: 36 (1901)
= Equisetum sylvaticum f. capillare (Hoffm.) Murr, (1923)
= Equisetum sylvaticum f. multiramosum Fernald, Rhodora 20(235): 131 (1918)
= Equisetum sylvaticum f. neoserotinum Vict., Contr. Lab. Bot. Univ. Montréal 9: 45, 120 (1927)
= Equisetum sylvaticum f. opsistachyum Lepage, Naturaliste Canad. 78: 345, fig. 2 (1951)
= Equisetum sylvaticum f. serum Lepage, Naturaliste Canad. 98: 462 (1971)
= Equisetum sylvaticum f. tardatum Lepage, Naturaliste Canad. 98: 462 (1971)
= Equisetum sylvaticum var. multiramosum (Fernald) Wherry, Amer. Fern J. 27: 58 (1937)
= Equisetum sylvaticum var. pauciramosum Milde
species :
Equisetum telmateia Ehrh.; Hannov. Mag. 21: 2 (1783)
subspecies :
subsp. telmateia
Name: Riesen-Schachtelhalm (DE), Northern Giant Horsetail (EN)
Distribution: Albania; Austria; Belgium; Luxembourg; Baleares; England; Channel Isl.; Wales; Scotland; Bulgaria; Corsica; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Denmark; France; Germany (Brandenburg, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg+, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl.; Ireland; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Netherlands; Spain; Gibraltar; Hungary; Italy; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Croatia; Macedonia; Serbia & Kosovo; Slovenia; Portugal; Malta; Poland; Romania; San Marino; Sardinia; Sicily; Sweden; European Turkey; Latvia; Lithuania; European Russia (N-European Russia, C-European Russia, W-European Russia, E-European Russia); Crimea; Belarus; Ukraine; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Azerbaijan; Armenia; Turkey (Anatolia); Cyprus; Lebanon; Iran; Syria; Israel; Libya; Tunisia; Algeria; Morocco; Azores (Santa Maria Isl., Sao Miguel Isl., Terceira, Sao Jorge, Faial, Flores Isl.); Madeira (Madeira Isl.)
10 DEN GRB IRE SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 BAL CIS COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KRI MLT MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SMA SRB TUE 14 BLR KRY LAT LIT RUS UKR 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN 21 AZO MDR 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 CYP EAI IRN ISR LEB SYR TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Equisetum
Synonyms: hidden
= Allostelites maximum Börner, 283 (1912)
= Equisetum caenosum Clairv., 303 (1811)
= Equisetum eburneum Schreb. ex Roth, Catal. Bot. 1: 128 (1797)
= Equisetum eburneum var. frondescens A.Braun, 84 (1844)
= Equisetum eburneum var. serotinum A.Braun, 84 (1844)
= Equisetum macrostachyon Poir., (1804)
= Equisetum majus Garsault, Description, Vertus & Usages de Sept Cents Dix-Neuf Plantes, Tant étrangères que de Nos Climats 166 (1767), nom. inval.
= Equisetum majus Garsault ex Schinz & Thell., Vierteljahrsschr. Naturf. Ges. Zürich 53(3-4): 515 (1909)
= Equisetum majus var. serotinum (A.Braun) Vollm., 19 (1914)
= Equisetum maximum f. pluviale C.W.Christ., 312 (1922)
= Equisetum maximum f. serotinum (A.Braun) C.W.Christ., (1922)
= Equisetum telmateia f. breve (Milde) Murr, 11 (1923)
= Equisetum telmateia f. conforme (J.J.Schmitz & Regel) Murr, 11 (1923)
= Equisetum telmateia f. dactyloideum Bruhin, 757 (1868)
= Equisetum telmateia f. ramulosum (Milde) Murr, 11 (1923)
= Equisetum telmateia f. vaucheri Bruhin, 757 (1868)
= Equisetum telmateia var. conforme J.J.Schmitz & Regel, 11 (1841)
= Equisetum telmateia var. pleiostachya Kugler ex Murr, 62 (1895)
= Equisetum telmateia var. polystachyum J.J.Schmitz & Regel, 11 (1841)
subspecies :
subsp. braunii (Milde) Hauke; Nova Hedwigia 30: 434 (1978)
Name: Giant Horsetail
Distribution: Canada (Vancouver Island, British Columbia); S-Alaska (Kodiak Isl.); USA (Washington, Oregon, S-California, Michigan, Idaho)
70 ASK 71 CDN 73 USA 75 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Equisetum braunii Milde, Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 12: 515 (1862)
= Equisetum telmateia var. braunii (Milde) Milde, Monogr. Equis. 246 (1867)
= Equisetum telmateia var. hillii A.A.Eaton, Fern Bull. 8: 77 (1900)
= Equisetum eburneum var. frondescens A.Braun ex Engelm., Amer. J. Sci. Arts 46: 84 (1884)
= Equisetum eburneum var. serotinum A.Braun ex Engelm., Amer. J. Sci. Arts 46: 84 (1844)
species :
Equisetum variegatum Schleich.; Ann. Bot. (Usteri) 21: 124 (1797), et ex F. Weber & D. Mohr, Bot. Taschenbuch 60: 447 (1807)
subspecies :
subsp. variegatum
Name: Bunter Schachtelhalm (DE), Variegated Horsetail (EN)
Distribution: Iceland; England; Ireland; Northern Ireland; Scotland; Austria; Liechtenstein; Belgium; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Denmark; France; Switzerland; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin [I], Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen+, Hamburg+, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen [I], Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Sachsen [I], Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Netherlands; Hungary; Spain; Italy; Norway; Poland; Romania; Sweden; Montenegro; Croatia; Serbia & Kosovo; Slovenia; Turkey (Anatolia); European Russia (N-European Russia, C-European Russia); Belarus; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Russian Far East (incl. Kamchatka); Japan; Mongolia; China (Jilin, Nei Mongol, Sichuan, Xinjiang); Alaska; USA (Colorado, Connecticut, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Massachusetts, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, North Dakota, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Utah, Vermont, Washington State, Wisconsin, Wyoming); Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Labrador, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Northern Territories, Nunavut, Ontario, Québec, Saskatchewan, Yukon); Greenland; St. Pierre et Miquelon
10 DEN GRB ICE IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE NET POL SLO SWI 12 FRA SPA 13 CRO ITA MNT ROM SLV SRB 14 BLR RUS 30 SIB 31 RFE 33 GEO NCS 34 TUR 36 CHI 37 MON 38 JAP 70 ASK CDN GNL 71 CDN 72 CDN SPM 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA
Remarks: Subgen. Hippochaete. Synonyms partially following Hand et al. (2021, Florenliste Deutschlands)
Synonyms: hidden
= Equisetum arenarium Newman, (1841)
= Equisetum hiemale ssp. variegatum A.Braun, (1839)
= Equisetum hiemale var. variegatum (Schleich.) Newman, Phytologist 1: 337 (1842)
= Equisetum hyemale ssp. variegatum (Schleich. ex F.Weber & D.Mohr) A.Braun, Flora 22 (no. 20): 308 (1839)
= Equisetum hyemale var. variegatum (Schleicher ex F.Weber & D.Mohr) Döll, (1843)
= Equisetum multiforme var. variegatum (Schleich. ex F.Weber & D.Mohr) Vaucher, Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 1(2): 379 (1821 publ. 1822))
= Equisetum reptans var. variegatum (Schleich. ex F.Weber & D.Mohr) Wahlenb., Fl. Lapp. (Wahlenberg) 298 (1812)
= Equisetum serotinum Schur, 822 (1866)
= Equisetum tenellum Krok, (1889)
= Equisetum variegatum f. anceps (Milde) M.Broun, Index N. Amer. Ferns 97 (1938)
= Equisetum variegatum f. caespitosum (Döll) E.Baumann, (1911)
= Equisetum variegatum f. caespitosum (Döll) Hegi, 62 (1906)
= Equisetum variegatum f. polystachyum Rosend., (1916)
= Equisetum variegatum f. tortuosum Rosend., (1917)
= Equisetum variegatum f. virgatum (Döll) E.Baumann, (1911)
= Equisetum variegatum f. virgatum (Döll) Hegi, 62 (1906)
= Equisetum variegatum Schleich., 124 (1797), nom. inval.
= Equisetum variegatum subvar. ramosissimum Rosend., (1917)
= Equisetum variegatum var. alpestre Milde, (1864)
= Equisetum variegatum var. anceps Milde, (1864)
= Equisetum variegatum var. arenarium Bab., 405 (1847)
= Equisetum variegatum var. caespitosum Döll, 71 (1855)
= Equisetum variegatum var. concolor Döll, 71 (1855)
= Equisetum variegatum var. elatum Rabenh., (1848)
= Equisetum variegatum var. huefleri Milde, (1864)
= Equisetum variegatum var. majus Syme & N.E.Br., 169 (1886)
= Equisetum variegatum var. multirameum S.F.Blake, Rhodora 15(177): 156-157 (1913)
= Equisetum variegatum var. reptans (Wahlenb.) A.Braun, Amer. J. Sci. Arts 46: 91 (1844)
= Equisetum variegatum var. serotinum (Schur) Simonk., 615 (1887)
= Equisetum variegatum var. virgatum Döll, (1857)
= Equisetum hyemale ssp. wilsonii (Newman) Moore & More, 365 (1866)
= Equisetum variegatum var. wilsoni Newman, (1844)
= Hippochaete variegata (Schleich.) Farw., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 6: 466 (1916)
= Hippochaete variegata (Schleich.) Bruhin, Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 18: 758 (1868)
= Hippochaete variegata var. anceps (Milde) Farw., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 6: 466 (1916)
= Hippochaete variegatum (Schleich.) Börner, (1912)
= Hippochaete variegatum (Schleich. ex F.Weber & D.Mohr) Bruhin, 758 (1868)
subspecies :
subsp. alaskanum (A.A.Eaton) Hultén; Acta Univ. Lund. 37(1): 59 (1941)
Name: Alaskan scouringrush (EN); Alaska-Schachtelhalm (DE)
Distribution: China (Liaoning); W-Canada (British Columbia, Yukon); Alaska; Aleutes; NE-USA (Washington State, Oregon)
36 CHI 70 ASK CDN 71 CDN 73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Equisetum alaskanum (A.A.Eaton) Anderson, (1943)
= Equisetum variegatum var. alaskanum A.A.Eaton, Merriam, Harriman Alaska Exped. 5: 390 (1904)
= Hippochaete hyemalis var. alaskana (A.A.Eaton) Farw., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 6: 466 (1916)
= Hippochaete variegata ssp. alaskana (A.A.Eaton) Skoda, Preslia 68(4): 344 (1997)
species :
Equisetum ×alsaticum (H.P.Fuchs & Geissert) G.Phil. ex Lubienski & Bennert; Carolinea 64: 107-118 (2006)
Name: Elsässer Schachtelhalm (DE); Alsacian Horsetail (EN)
Distribution: E-France; Germany (Baden-Württemberg, Rheinland-Pfalz)
11 GER 12 FRA
Remarks: Subgen. Hippochaete, derived from Equisetum hyemale x (hyemale x variegatum)
Synonyms: hidden
= Hippochaete ×alsatica H.P.Fuchs & Geissert, Bauhinia 7(1): 10 (1980)
species :
Equisetum ×ascendens Lubienski & Bennert; Nova Hedwigia 90(3-4): 322 (2010)
Name: Aufsteigender Schachtelhalm (DE); Climbing Horsetail (EN)
Distribution: France; Germany (Baden-Württemberg, Hessen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz); Netherlands
11 GER NET 12 FRA
Remarks: Subgen. Hippochaete, derived from Equisetum (hyemale x ramosissimum) x hyemale
species :
Equisetum ×bowmanii C.N.Page; Watsonia 17(3): 273 (1989)
Distribution: England (Hampshire); Scotland (Ross-shire)
10 GRB
Remarks: Subgen. Equisetum, Equisetum sylvaticum x telmateia
species :
Equisetum ×dycei C.N.Page; Fern Gaz. 12(3): 178 (1981)
Name: Dyce-Schachtelhalm (DE); Dyce´s Horsetail (EN)
Distribution: England; Germany (Hessen, Nordrhein-Westfalen)
10 GRB 11 GER
Remarks: Subgen. Equisetum, Equisetum fluviatile x palustre
species :
Equisetum ×ferrissii Clute; Fern Bull. 12: 22 (1904)
Name: Ferriss´ Scouring-rush
Distribution: USA (Arkansas, Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Iowa, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, North Carolina, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, Nevada, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Vermont, Washington State, Wisconsin, West Virginia, Wyoming); Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Ontario, Québec, Saskatchewan); Mexico (Baja California Norte, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Nuevo Leon, Sinaloa, Sonora)
71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX
Remarks: Subgen. Hippochaete, derived from Equisetum hyemale ssp. affine x Equisetum laevigatum
Synonyms: hidden
= Equisetum fluviatile var. siccum Lunell, Bull. Leeds Herb. no. 2, 5 (1908)
= Equisetum hyemale var. suksdorfii A.A.Eaton, Fern Bull. 11: 75, 110 (1903)
= Equisetum hyemale var. intermedium A.A.Eaton, Fern Bull. 10: 120 (1902)
= Equisetum hyemale f. polystachyum A.A.Eaton, Fern Bull. 10: 122 (1902)
= Equisetum hyemale f. proliferum Haberer, (1923)
= Equisetum hyemale var. affine f.intermedium (A.A.Eaton) Vict., Contr. Lab. Bot. Univ. Montreal 9: 89 (1927)
= Equisetum intermedium (A.A.Eaton) Rydb., Fl. Rocky Mts. 1053, 1069 (1917)
= Equisetum kansanum f. elatum (Engelm.) M.Broun, Index N. Amer. Ferns 89 (1938)
= Equisetum laevigatum var. elatum Engelm., Amer. J. Sci. Arts 46: 87 (1844)
= Equisetum praealtum var. laevigatum (A.Braun) Bush, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 12: 111 (1930)
= Hippochaete laevigata var. eatonii Farw., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 6: 470 (1916)
= Hippochaete praealta var. suksdorfii (A.A.Eaton) Farw., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 6: 468 (1916)
= Hippochaete ×ferrissii (Clute) Holub, Preslia 44: 128 (1972)
species :
Equisetum ×font-queri Rothm.; Feddes Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 54: 79 (1944)
Name: Font-Quer-Schachtelhalm (DE), Font Quer´s Horsetail (EN)
Distribution: Germany (Mecklenburg-Vorpommern); England; Scotland; Spain; etc.; Canada (British Columbia)
10 GRB 11 GER 12 SPA 71 CDN
Remarks: Subgen. Equisetum, Equisetum palustre x telmateia
species :
Equisetum ×geissertii Lubienski & Bennert; Nova Hedwigia 90(3-4): 323 (2010)
Name: Geisserts Schachtelhalm, Geissert´s Horsetail
Distribution: Germany (Baden-Württemberg, Rheinland-Pfalz)
11 GER
Remarks: Subgen. Hippochaete, Equisetum variegatum x hyemale x ramosissimum
species :
Equisetum ×haukeanum Mickel & A.R.Sm.; Brittonia 52(3): 236 (2000)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Ciudad de Mexico, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nuevo Leon, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Veracruz)
79 MEX
Remarks: Subgen. Hippochaete, Equisetum hyemale var. affine x myriochaetum
species :
Equisetum ×hybridum Huter; Österr. Bot. Z. 58: 34 (1908)
Distribution: Europe; European Russia
14 RUS
Remarks: Subgen. Equisetum, Equisetum arvense x Equisetum variegatum
species :
Equisetum ×lapponicum Lubienski & Dörken; Amer. Fern J. 106(2): 117 (2016)
Distribution: Sweden; Norway
10 NOR SWE
species :
Equisetum ×litorale Kühlew. ex Rupr.; Beitr. Pflanzenk. Russ. Reich. 4: 91 (1845)
Name: Ufer-Schachtelhalm (DE), Shore Horsetail (EN)
Distribution: C-Europe (widespread); Czech Republic; Slovakia; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt); Channel Isl.; France; Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Estonia; Latvia; European Russia (C-European Russia); Alaska; USA (California, Connecticut, Delaware, Iowa, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, North Dakota, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Virginia, Vermont, Washington State, Wisconsin, West Virginia); Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Labrador, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Northern Territories, Nunavut, Ontario, Prince Edward Isl., Québec, Saskatchewan)
11 CZE GER SLO 12 CIS FRA 14 EST LAT RUS 30 SIB 70 ASK CDN 71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 78 USA
Remarks: Subgen. Equisetum, Equisetum arvense x fluviatile
Synonyms: hidden
= Equisetum litorale f. formosum A.A.Eaton, Fern Bull. 10: 45 (1902)
= Equisetum litorale var. arvensiforme A.A.Eaton, List N. Amer. Pterid. 8, 26 (1901)
= Equisetum littorale (A. A. Eaton) f.arvensiforme Vict., Contr. Lab. Bot. Univ. Montréal 9: 71 (1927)
species :
Equisetum ×lofotense Lubienski; Nordic J. Bot. 28(5): 531 (530-539, figs) (2010)
Distribution: Norway; +Germany
10 NOR 11 GER
Remarks: Subgen. Equisetum, Equisetum arvense L. x Equisetum sylvaticum
species :
Equisetum ×mchaffieae C.N.Page; Watsonia 26(3): 339 (2007)
Distribution: England
10 GRB
Remarks: Equisetum fluviatile x pratense
species :
Equisetum ×meridionale (Milde) Chiov.; Fl. Alpi Lepont. 2: 14 (1929)
Name: Südlicher Schachtelhalm (DE), Southern Horsetail (EN)
Distribution: England [I]; Germany (Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, +Hessen, Nordrhein-Westfalen [I], Rheinland-Pfalz, Thüringen); Czech Republic; Switzerland; Slovakia; ?S-Europe; European Russia
10 grb 11 CZE GER SLO SWI 14 RUS
Remarks: Subgen. Equisetum, Equisetum ramosissimum x variegatum
Synonyms: hidden
= Equisetum fuchsii (Geissert) G.Phil., Sebald & al., 95 (1990), nom. inval.
= Equisetum trachyodon f. fuchsii Geissert, 49 (1958)
= Equisetum variegatum var. meridionale Milde, Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 20(52): 458 (1862)
= Equisetum ×naegelianum W.Koch ex Rothm., Repert. Spec. nov. Regni Veg. 54: (1944)
= Hippochaete fuchsii (Geissert) H.P.Fuchs & Geissert, Bauhinia 7(1): 12 (1980)
= Hippochaete naegelianum (W.Koch) Rothm., 81 (1948)
= Hippochaete ×meridionalis (Milde) Holub, Preslia 44: 128 (1972)
species :
Equisetum ×mildeanum Rothm.; Repert. Spec. Regni Veg. 54: 78 (1944)
Distribution: Scotland (incl. Hebrides); Germany; Norway; European Russia
10 GRB NOR 11 GER 14 RUS
Remarks: Subgen. Equisetum, Equisetum pratense x sylvaticum
species :
Equisetum ×montellii Hiitonen; Suom. Kasvio 771 (1933)
Distribution: Europe
Remarks: Subgen. Equisetum, Equisetum arvense x pratense
Synonyms: hidden
= Equisetum ×suecicum Rothm., (1944)
species :
Equisetum ×moorei Newman; Phytol. 5: 19 (1856)
Name: Moore-Schachtelhalm (DE), Moore´s Horsetail (EN)
Distribution: England; France; Switzerland; N-Italy; Austria; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Sachsen); Sweden (Gotland); Iceland; Estonia; Latvia; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; European Russia (SE-European Russia)
10 GRB ICE SWE 11 AUT CZE GER HUN POL SLO SWI 12 FRA 13 ITA 14 EST LAT RUS
Remarks: Subgen. Hippochaete, derived from Equisetum hyemale L. x Equisetum ramosissimum Desf.
Synonyms: hidden
= Equisetum hiemale f. ramigera Milde, (1867)
= Equisetum hiemale var. occidentale Hy, (1890)
= Equisetum hiemale var. schleicheri (Milde) Milde, (1863)
= Equisetum hyemale f. moorei (Newman) Asch., Asch. & Graebn., Synopsis der mitteleuropäischen Flora 1,2: 143 (1896)
= Equisetum hyemale f. moorei (Newman) C.W.Christ., J. A. Christ. & al. 314 (1922), comb. superfl.
= Equisetum hyemale f. polystachyum Thore ex Milde, 523 (1867)
= Equisetum hyemale ssp. moorei (Newman) Moore & More, (1866): 364
= Equisetum hyemale ssp. moorei (Newman) Syme & N.E.Br., (1886), comb. superfl.
= Equisetum hyemale ssp. occidentale (Hy) Tourlet, 603 (1908)
= Equisetum hyemale var. moorei (Newman) Hook. & Arn., The British flora, edn. 8: 601 (1860)
= Equisetum hyemale var. polystachyum (Thore ex Milde) Dosch & J.Scriba, 12 (1873)
= Equisetum hyemale var. schleicheri Milde, 68 (1863)
= Equisetum intermedium Schur, (1866)
= Equisetum occidentale Hy, (1890)
= Equisetum ramosissimum ssp. moorei (Newman) Maire, Fl. Afrique N. 1: 99 (1952)
= Equisetum schleicheri Milde, (1857)
= Equisetum trachyodon b.moorei Newman, (1857)
= Equisetum trachyodon var. schleicheri Milde, (1863)
= Equisetum ×samuelssonii W.Koch ex Rothm., 36 (1924)
= Hippochaete moorei (Newman) H.P.Fuchs, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 9: 13 (1963)
= Hippochaete ×samuelssonii (W.Koch) Rothm., 81 (1944)
species :
Equisetum ×robertsii Dines; Watsonia 24(2): 146 (2002)
Distribution: England (Anglesey); Poland; etc.
10 GRB 11 POL
Remarks: Equisetum arvense x telmateia
Synonyms: hidden
= Equisetum ×dubium Dostál, nom. inval.
species :
Equisetum ×rothmaleri C.Page; Watsonia 9: 229 (1973)
Distribution: Scotland; Norway; European Russia; Japan
10 GRB NOR 14 RUS 38 JAP
Remarks: Subgen. Equisetum, Equisetum arvense x palustre
Synonyms: hidden
= Equisetum ×torgesianum Rothm., Repert. Spec. nov. Regni Veg. 54: (1944)
species :
Equisetum ×schaffneri Milde; Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 11: 345 (1861)
Distribution: Costa Rica; El Salvador; Ecuador; Mexico (Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Puebla, Oaxaca, Chiapas); Guatemala; Honduras; Panama; Colombia (Boyacá, Norte de Santander); Venezuela (Cojedes, Lara, Tachira, Trujillo); Peru
79 MEX 80 COS ELS GUA HON PAN 82 CLM VEN 83 ECU PER
Remarks: Subgen. Hippochaete, Equisetum giganteum x Equisetum myriochaetum
Synonyms: hidden
= Hippochaete ×schaffneri (Milde) Holub, Preslia 44: 128 (1972)
= Equisetum elongatum var. annuliferum Milde, (1864)
= Equisetum ramosissimum var. annuliferum Milde, (1867)
species :
Equisetum ×sergijevskianum C.N.Page & Gureeva; Sist. Zametki Mater. Gerb. Krylova Tomsk. Gosud. Univ. 101: 16 (2009)
Distribution: European Russia (E-European Russia)
14 RUS
species :
Equisetum ×trachyodon (A.Braun) Koch; Flora 22: 305 (1839)
Name: Rauzähniger Schachtelhalm (DE)
Distribution: Scandinavia; England (Yorkshire); Ireland; Scotland; N-France; Spain; Austria; Germany (Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen+, Rheinland-Pfalz); Switzerland; Estonia; Latvia; European Russia (C-European Russia); Alaska; USA (Connecticut, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oregon, Tennessee, Vermont, Washington State, Wisconsin, Wyoming); Canada (British Columbia, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Québec, Saskatchewan); Greenland
10 GRB IRE 11 AUT GER SWI 12 FRA SPA 14 EST LAT RUS 70 ASK GNL 71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 78 USA
Remarks: Subgen. Hippochaete, Equisetum hyemale L. x Equisetum variegatum. Synonyms partially following Hand et al. (2021, Florenliste Deutschlands)
Synonyms: hidden
= Equisetum hiemale var. doellii Milde, (1863), nom. illeg.
= Equisetum hiemale var. trachyodon A.Braun ex Döll, Rhein. Fl. 32 (1843)
= Equisetum hyemale f. multirameum (S.F.Blake) Vict., Contr. Lab. Bot. Univ. Montréal 9: 96 (1927)
= Equisetum hyemale ssp. trachyodon A.Braun, 308 (1839)
= Equisetum hyemale var. jesupii (A.A.Eaton) Vict., Contr. Lab. Bot. Univ. Montréal 9: 90 (1927)
= Equisetum hyemale var. mackayi Newman, Phytol. 1: 305 (1843)
= Equisetum hyemale var. trachyodon (A.Braun) A.Braun, 90 (1844), nom. illeg.
= Equisetum hyemale var. trachyodon (A.Braun) Döll, 32 (1843)
= Equisetum mackayi (Newman) Brichan, Phytologist 1(no. 18): 369 (1842)
= Equisetum trachyodon f. geminatum (S.F.Blake) M.Broun, Index N. Amer. Ferns 96 (1938)
= Equisetum trachyodon f. multirameum (S.F.Blake) M.Broun, Index N. Amer. Ferns 97 (1938)
= Equisetum variegatum f. geminatum S.F.Blake, Rhodora 15: 156 (1913)
= Equisetum variegatum f. multirameum S.F.Blake, Rhodora 15: 156 (1913)
= Equisetum variegatum var. anglicum Milde, (1864)
= Equisetum variegatum var. concolor Milde, (1864)
= Equisetum variegatum var. continentale Milde, (1864)
= Equisetum variegatum var. jesupii A.A.Eaton, Gilbert, Cat. n. Amer. Pterid. 9, 27 (1901)
= Equisetum variegatum var. trachyodon (A.Braun) Hook.fil., 474 (1870)
= Equisetum ×jesupii (A.A.Eaton) Christenh. & Husby, Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 189(4): 350 (2019)
= Equisetum ×mackaii (Newman) Brichan, Phytol. 1: 369 (1843)
= Hippochaete hyemalis var. jesupii (A.A.Eaton) Farw., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 6: 465 (1916)
= Hippochaete trachyodon (A.Braun) Börner, 283 (1912)
= Hippochaete variegata var. jesupii (A.A.Eaton) Farw., Amer. Midl. Naturalist 12: 46 (1930)
species :
Equisetum ×torgesianum Rothm.; 77 (1944)
Distribution: Germany
11 GER
Remarks: Equisetum arvense x palustre
species :
Equisetum ×willmotii C.N.Page; Glasra (n. s.) 2(2): 135 (1995)
Distribution: Ireland
10 IRE
Remarks: Subgen. Equisetum, Equisetum fluviatile x telmateia
...

A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 13.2 (July 2022)

Covering 354,860 valid species, 42,872 valid infraspecific taxa and 857,990 synonyms


Ferns, Lycophytes, Gymnosperms, Basal Angiosperms, Mono- and Dicotyledonae

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