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V. 14.0
August 2nd, 2022

409.0000 Family Cactaceae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 310 (1789), nom. cons.
133 genera, ca. 1700 spp. listed (conservative approach following Anderson 2001). There has been excessive splitting, leading to over 3000 species in some collectors view. The phylogeny is still somewhat in flux, but is getting more stabilized now.
Species listed in database: 1768; hybrids: 59
= Cereaceae DC. & Spreng.(transl.Jameson), Elem. Philos. Pl.: 142 (1821)
= Nopaleaceae Schmid & Curtman, Pflanzenr. 2: 135 (1856)
= Opuntiaceae Desv., S. Gérardin de Mirecourt & N. A. Desvaux, Dict. Rais. Bot.: 52, 385 (1817)
409.5854 Genus Espostoa Britton & Rose; The Cactaceae 2: 120 (1920) emend. W. T. Marshall & T. M. Bock, Cactaceae, 102 (1941)
Distribution: Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia
Species listed in database: 11
= Pseudoespostoa Backeb., Cactus Journ. 1: 52 (1933), Backeb. Blätter Kakteenforsch., Pt.10, p. 1, descr. (1934)
= Thrixanthocereus Backeb., Blätt. Kakt.-Forsch. 1937: Nachtr. 15 (1937) (1)
= Vatricania Backeb., Cact. Succ. J. (US) 22: 154 (1950)
species :
Espostoa blossfeldiorum (Werderm.) Buxb.; Österr. Bot. Zeitschr. cvi. 155 (1959)
Distribution: N-Peru (Huancabamba Valley, Olmos Valley, Cajamarca)
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Cephalocereus blossfeldiorum Werderm., Kakteenkunde, 4 (1937)
= Cereus blossfeldiorum (Werderm.) Backeb., Blätter Kakteenforsch., No. 8, Nachtr. 15, p. 1 (1937)
= Facheiroa blossfeldiorum (Werderm.) Marshall, W. T. Marshall & T. M. Bock, Cactaceae, 102 (1941) (blossfeldiora), et Cact. & Succ. Journ. Amer. 17: 117 (1945)
= Thrixanthocereus blossfeldiorum (Werderm.) Backeb., Blätter Kakteenforsch., No. 8, Nachtr. 15, p. 2, et BlatterKakteenforsch. 1938, No. 1, p. 2 (1937)
= Thrixanthocereus cullmannianus F.Ritter, Kakt. & Sukkulent. 12: 118 (1961)
= Thrixanthocereus longispinus F.Ritter, Kakteen in Südamerika, 4: 1484 (1981)
species :
Espostoa calva F.Ritter; Kakteen in Südamerika, 4: 1432 (1981)
Distribution: Peru (Amazonas)
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Espostoa calva ssp. utcubambensis (G.J.Charles) Ostolaza, Cactus Perú 278 (2014)
= Espostoa calva ssp. utcubambensis (G.J.Charles) Guiggi, Cactology 5(Suppl. II): 1 (2016), comb. superfl.
= Espostoa utcubambensis G.J.Charles, Brit. Cact. Succ. J. 21(2): 69 (2003)
species :
Espostoa cremnophila Hoxey; Bradleya 32: 38 (2014)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Espostoa frutescens Madsen; Fl. Ecuador, 35(45): 36 (1989)
Distribution: Ecuador (Azuay)
83 ECU
Synonyms: hidden
= Espostoa lanata ssp. frutescens (Madsen) Guiggi, Cactology 5(Suppl. II): 5 (2016)
species :
Espostoa guentheri (Kupper) Buxb. ex Eggli; Novon 15(2): 277 (2005)
Distribution: Bolivia
83 BOL
Synonyms: hidden
= Vatricania guentheri (Kupper) Backeb., Cact. & Succ. Journ. Amer. 23: 149(1951)
= Cephalocereus guentheri Kupper, Monatsschr. Deutsch. Kakt. Ges., 3: 159 (1931)
= Echinopsis guentheri (Kupper) Anceschi & Magli, Cactus in habitat S. Amer. 2011/2013: 38 (2013)
= Cereus guentheri (Kupper) Werderm., Backeb. Neue Kakteen, 72 (1931)
= Espostoa guentheri (Kupper) Buxb., Österr. Bot. Zeitschr. cvi. 155 (1959)
species :
Espostoa hylaea F.Ritter; Taxon, 13: 143 (1964)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Espostoa lanata (Kunth) Britton & Rose; Cactaceae, 2: 61 (1920)
subspecies :
subsp. lanata
Name: Cotton Ball Cactus, Peruvian Old Man, Snowball Cactus, Snowball Old Man
Distribution: N-Peru; S-Ecuador
83 ECU PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Cactus lanatus Kunth, Nov. Gen. & Sp. 6: 68 (1823)
= Cephalocereus dautwitzii (F.Haage) Houghton, Cactus Book, 113 (1930)
= Cephalocereus dautwitzii (Seitz) Voss, Vilmorin´s Blumeng., ed. 3, Sieb. & Voss, 1: 373 (1894)
= Cereus dautwitzii (F.Haage) Orcutt, W. Amer. Sci. 13: 63 (1902)
= Cereus lanatus (Kunth) DC., Prod. 3: 464 (1828)
= Cereus lanatus ssp. sericatus (Backeb.) Werderm., (1937)
= Cereus sericatus Backeb., Monatsschr. Deutsch. Kakt. Ges., 3: 157 (1931)
= Cleistocactus lanatus (Kunth) F.A.C.Weber, Rol.-Goss. Cleistoc. 9 (1904)
= Espostoa dautwitzii (F.Haage) Borg, Cacti, 112 (1937)
= Espostoa lanata f. roseiflora (Madsen & Z.Aguirre) Guiggi, Cactology 5(Suppl. II): 5 (2016)
= Espostoa lanata ssp. roseiflora Madsen & Z.Aguirre, Nordic J. Bot. 23(1): 24 (2004)
= Espostoa lanata var. floridaensis F.Ritter, Kakteen in Südamerika, 4: 1442 (1981)
= Espostoa lanata var. sericata (Backeb.) Werderm. & Backeb.
= Espostoa laticornua Rauh & Backeb., Backeb. Descr. Cact. Nov. 35 (1957)
= Espostoa laticornua var. atroviolacea Rauh & Backeb.
= Espostoa laticornua var. rubens Rauh & Backeb.
= Espostoa procera Rauh & Backeb., Backeb. Descr. Cact. Nov. 35 (1957)
= Espostoa ritteri Buining, Succulenta, 25 (1960)
= Espostoa sericata (Werderm. & Backeb.) Backeb., Cact. & Succ. Journ. Amer. 3: 131 (1932), et Backeb. & F. M. Knuth, Kaktus-ABC, 340 (1935)
= Oreocereus lanatus (Kunth) Britton & Rose, L. H. Bailey, Standard Cycl. Hort. 2404 (1916)
= Pilocereus dautwitzii F.Haage, Cf. Gard. Chron. (1873) 7. fil. I.
= Pilocereus lanatus (Kunth) F.A.C.Weber, Bois, Dict. Hort. 965 (1898)
subspecies :
subsp. huanucoensis (F.Ritter) G.J.Charles; Cactaceae Syst. Init. 14:15 (2002)
Distribution: Peru (Huanuco)
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Espostoa huanucoensis Johnson ex F.Ritter, Kakteen in Südamerika, 4: 1435 (1981)
subspecies :
subsp. lanianuligera (F.Ritter) G.J.Charles; Cactaceae Syst. Init. 14:15 (2002)
Distribution: Peru (Cajamarca)
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Espostoa lanianuligera F.Ritter, Kakteen in Südamerika, 4: 1443 (1981)
subspecies :
subsp. ruficeps (F.Ritter) G.J.Charles; Cactaceae Syst. Init. 14:15 (2002)
Distribution: Peru (Ancash)
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Espostoa ruficeps F.Ritter, Kakteen in Südamerika, 4: 1448 (1981)
species :
Espostoa melanostele (Vaupel) Borg; Cacti, 112 (1937), vide Gray Herb. Card Cat.
subspecies :
subsp. melanostele
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Binghamia melanostele (Vaupel) Britton & Rose, Cactaceae, 2: 167 (1920)
= Cephalocereus melanostele Vaupel, Engl. Jahrb. 50: Beibl. 111, 12 (1913)
= Echinopsis melanostele (Vaupel) Molinari, Succulentopia 13: 19 (2015)
= Cereus melanostele (Vaupel) Werderm., Backeb. Neue Kakteen, 72 (1931)
= Cereus melanostele A.Berger, Kakteen, 147, 338 (1929)
= Espostoa haagei (Poselg. ex Rümpler) Borg, (1937)
= Espostoa melanostele (Vaupel) Bullock, Kew Bull., 458 (1938)
= Espostoa melanostele f. inermis (Backeb.) Krainz
= Espostoa mocupensis
= Haageocereus melanostele (Vaupel) Marshall, (nom. nud.)
= Pilocereus haagei Poselg. ex Rümpler, (1885)
= Pseudespostoa melanostele (Vaupel) Backeb., Cactus Journ. 1: 52 (1933), Backeb. Blätter Kakteenforsch., Pt.10, p. 2, descr. (1934)
= Pseudespostoa melanostele var. inermis Backeb.
subspecies :
subsp. nana (F.Ritter) G.J.Charles; Cactaceae Syst. Init. 14:15 (2002)
Distribution: Peru (Ancash)
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Espostoa nana F.Ritter, Taxon, 13: 143 (1964)
= Pseudespostoa nana (F.Ritter) Backeb., Kakteenlex. 371 (1966)
species :
Espostoa mirabilis F.Ritter; Taxon, 13: 143 (1964)
Distribution: N-Peru (Maranon Gorge)
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Espostoa mirabilis var. primigenia F.Ritter
species :
Espostoa senilis (F.Ritter) N.P.Taylor; Cact. Succ. J. Gr. Brit., 40(2): 54 (1978)
Distribution: Peru (Ancash)
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Thrixanthocereus senilis F.Ritter, Kakt. & Sukkulent. 12: 89 (1961)
species :
Espostoa superba F.Ritter; Kakt. & Sukkulent. 11: 85 (1960)
Distribution: Peru (Maranon)
83 PER
...

A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 14.0 (August 2022)

Covering 355,099 valid species, 42,912 valid infraspecific taxa and 858,614 synonyms


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