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Ver. 18.4
Feb. 11th, 2024

379.0000 Family Polygonaceae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 82 (1789), nom. cons.
52 genera, ca. 1450 spp.
Species listed in database: 1433; hybrids: 151
= Calligonaceae Khalk.; Dokl. Akad. Nauk. Uzbeksk (1985)(11): 45 (1985)
= Eriogonaceae G.Don; R. Sw., Hort. Brit., ed. 3: 580 (1839)
= Persicariaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 473 (1820)
= Rumicaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 554 (1820)
379.3301 Genus Fagopyrum Mill.; Gard. Dict. Abr. ed. 4 (1754) nom. cons.
Distribution: Temperate Eurasia; Russia (3, from European part to Far East)
Species listed in database: 29
= Eskemukerjea Malick & Sengupta; Bull. Bot. Surv. India, 11(3-4): 433 (1969 publ. 1972)
= Fagotriticum L.; Kongl. Svenska Vetensk. Acad. Handl. 1744: 117 (1744), nom. inval.
= Helxine L.; Opera Var.: 223 (1758), nom. superfl.
= Kunokale Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 3: 12 (1837)
= Parapteropyrum A.J.Li; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 19: 330 (1981)
= Phegopyrum Peterm.; Fl. Bienitz: 92 (1841)
= Trachopyron J.Gerard ex Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 3: 10 (1837)
species :
Fagopyrum cymosum (Trevir.) Meisn.; Wall. Pl. As. Rar. 3: 63 (1832)
Distribution: France [I]; Azores [I] (Sao Miguel Isl. [I], Terceira [I], Sao Jorge [I], Pico [I], Faial [I]); China (Anhui, Fujian, S-Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang); Tibet; Pakistan (Hazara, Baltistan); Nepal; Bhutan; N-India (Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Sikkim, Poonch); Myanmar (Chin, Kachin, Mandalay, Shan); Thailand; Vietnam
12 fra 21 azo 36 CHI TIB 40 BHU IND NEP PAK 41 MYA THA VIE
Synonyms: hidden
= Coccoloba cymosa Lour.; Fl. Cochinch.: 240 (1790)
= Fagopyrum acutatum (Lehm.) Mansf. ex K.Hammer; R. Mansf., Verz. Landwirtsch. u. Gartn. Kulturpfl., Auf. 2, ed. J. Schultze-Motel 1: 121 (1986)
= Fagopyrum chinense Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 3: 10 (1837)
= Fagopyrum dibotrys (D.Don) H.Hara; Fl. E. Himal.: 69 (1966)
= Fagopyrum megaspartanium Q.F.Chen; Bot. J. Linn. Soc., 130(1): 62 (1999)
= Fagopyrum pilus Q.F.Chen; Bot. J. Linn. Soc., 130(1): 62 (1999)
= Fagopyrum triangulare Meisn. ex Wall.; Pl. As. Rar. 3: 63 (1832)
= Helxine acutata (Lehm.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 553 (1891)
= Phegopyrum cymosum (Trevir.) Peterm.; Pflanzenreich [Peterm.] ed. 1: 740 (1841-45)
= Polygonum acutatum Lehm.; Index Sem. Hort. Hamb. 6 (1821) [nom. nud.?], et Pugillus 1: 28 (1828), nom. illeg.
= Polygonum cymosum Trevir.; Del. Sem. Hort. Vrat. (1824), et Nov. Act. Nat. Cur. 13: I. 177 (1826)
= Polygonum dibotrys D.Don; Prod. Fl. Nep. 73 (1825)
= Polygonum emarginatum Wall.; Numer. List: no. 1688 (1829), nom. inval.
= Polygonum labordei H.Lév. & Vaniot; Bull. Acad. Geogr. Bot. 11: 344 (1902)
= Polygonum rugosum Buch.-Ham. ex Endl.; Gen. Suppl. 4: II. 49 (1848)
= Polygonum triangulare Wall.; Numer. List: no. 1689 (1829), nom. inval.
= Polygonum tristachyum H.Lév.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 11: 297 (1912), nom. illeg.
= Polygonum volubile Gilib.; Exerc. Phyt. 2: 435 (1792), opus utique oppr.
= Polygonum volubile Turcz.; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 14: 77 (1840)
species :
Fagopyrum callianthum Ohnishi; Fagopyrum 15: 23 (1998)
Distribution: China (Sichuan)
36 CHI
species :
Fagopyrum capillatum Ohnishi; Fagopyrum 15: 22 (1998)
Distribution: China (Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Fagopyrum caudatum (Sam.) A.J.Li; Fl. Reipubl. Popul. Sin. 25(1): 117 (1998)
Distribution: China (S-Gansu, Sichuan, Yunnan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygonum caudatum Sam.; Hand.-Mazz. Symbolae Sinicae, Pt. 7, 185 (1929)
= Fagopyrum caudatum var. grandiflorum M.L.Zhou & Yu Tang; Phytotaxa 587(2): 201 (2023)
species :
Fagopyrum crispatifolium J.L.Liu; J. Syst. Evol. 46(6): 930 (2008)
Distribution: China (Sichuan)
36 CHI
species :
Fagopyrum densivillosum J.L.Liu; Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin 28(5): 531 (2008)
Distribution: China (Sichuan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Fagopyrum densivillosum var. pterocarpum J.L.Liu & X.Jiang Li; Acta Bot. Boreal.-Occid. Sin. 32: 816 (2012)
species :
Fagopyrum esculentum Moench; Methodus: 290 (1794)
Name: Echter Buchweizen (DE), Buckwheat (EN)
Distribution: of cultivated origin; England [I]; Denmark [I]; Norway [I]; Sweden [I]; Finland [I]; Netherlands [I]; Belgium [I]; Germany [I]; Switzerland [I]; Liechtenstein [I]; Austria [I]; Poland [I]; Slovakia [I]; Hungary [I]; Spain [I]; Baleares [I]; France [I]; Channel Isl. [I]; Corsica [I]; Sardinia [I]; Italy [I]; Sicily [I]; Malta [I]; San Marino [I]; Slovenia [I]; Croatia [I]; Bosnia & Hercegovina [I]; Montenegro [I]; Romania [I]; Bulgaria [I]; Estonia [c]; Latvia [c]; Lithuania [c]; Belarus [I]; European Russia [I]; Moldova [I]; Ukraine [I]; Crimea [I]; Azores [I] (Terceira [I], Pico [I], Faial [I], Flores Isl. [I]); Canary Isl. [I] (Gran Canaria [I]); Cameroon [I]; Zimbabwe [I]; Botswana [I]; South Africa [I] (widespread); Siberia [I] (Altai [I], Buryatia [I], Chita [I], Irkutsk [I], Krasnoyarsk [I], Tuva [I], W-Siberia [I], Yakutia [I]); Russian Far East [I] (Amur [I], Kamchatka [I], Khabarovsk [I], Magadan [I], Primorye [I], Sakhalin [I]); Kazakhstan [I]; Uzbekistan [I]; Kyrgyzstan [I]; Northern Caucasus [I]; Armenia [I]; Mongolia [I]; South Korea [I]; Ryukyu Isl. [I]; Taiwan [I]; Pakistan [I]; Bhutan [I]; India [I] (Himachal Pradesh [I], Jammu & Kashmir [I]); Bangladesh [I]; Myanmar [I]; Vietnam [I]; Java [I]; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I]); New Zealand [I]; New Caledonia [I]; Alaska [I]; Canada [I] (Alberta [I], Manitoba [I], Newfoundland [I], Nova Scotia [I], Ontario [I], Prince Edward Isl. [I], Quebec [I], Saskatchewan [I], Yukon [I]); USA [I] (Alabama [I], Arizona [I], California [I], Colorado [I], Connecticut [I], Delaware [I], District of Columbia [I], Florida [I], Georgia [I], Idaho [I], Illinois [I], Indiana [I], Iowa [I], Kansas [I], Kentucky [I], Louisiana [I], Maine [I], Maryland [I], Massachusetts [I], Michigan [I], Minnesota [I], Missouri [I], Montana [I], Nebraska [I], New Hampshire [I], New Jersey [I], New Mexico [I], New York [I], North Carolina [I], North Dakota [I], Ohio [I], Oklahoma [I], Oregon [I], Pennsylvania [I], Rhode Island [I], South Carolina [I], South Dakota [I], Tennessee [I], Texas [I], Vermont [I], Virginia [I], Washington [I], West Virginia [I], Wisconsin [I], Wyoming [I]); Mexico [I]; Honduras [I]; Costa Rica [I]; Bahamas [I]; Bolivia [I]
10 den fin grb nor swe 11 aut bgm ger hun lie net pol slo swi 12 bal cis cor fra sar spa 13 bih bul cro ita mlt mnt rom sic slv sma 14 blr est kry lat lit mld rus ukr 21 azo cny 23 cmn 26 zim 27 bot saf 30 sib 31 rfe 32 kaz kgz uzb 33 arm ncs 37 mon 38 kor nns tai 40 ban bhu ind pak 41 mya vie 42 jaw 50 aus 51 nzl 60 nwc 70 ask cdn 71 cdn 72 cdn 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa 79 mex 80 cos hon 81 bah 83 bol
Synonyms: hidden
= Fagopyrum cereale (Salisb.) Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 3: 10 (1837)
= Fagopyrum dryandrii Fenzl; Linnaea 24: 232 (1851)
= Fagopyrum emarginatum Moench; Suppl. Meth.: 100 (1802)
= Fagopyrum emarginatum var. kunawarense Meisn.
= Fagopyrum esculentum subsp. ancestralis Ohnishi; Fagopyrum 15: 20 (1998)
= Fagopyrum esculentum var. emarginatum (Roth) Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 286 (1866)
= Fagopyrum esculentum var. pyramidatum (Loisel.) Meisn.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 14: 143 (1856)
= Fagopyrum esculentum var. vulgare Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 286 (1866)
= Fagopyrum fagopyrum (L.) H.Karst.; Deut. Fl.: 522 (1881), nom. inval.
= Fagopyrum macropterum Fenzl; Index Seminum (WU, Vindobonensis) 1849-1850(Adv. Bot.): 8 (1851), nom. nud.
= Fagopyrum macropterum var. emarginatum (Roth) Fenzl; Index Seminum (WU, Vindobonensis) 1849-1850(Adv. Bot.): 8 (1851)
= Fagopyrum macropterum var. obtusum Fenzl; Index Seminum (WU, Vindobonensis) 1849-1850(Adv. Bot.): 8 (1851)
= Fagopyrum polygonum Macloskie; Torreya 5: 198 (1905), nom. superfl.
= Fagopyrum sagittatum Gilib.; Exerc. Phyt. 2: 435 (1792), opus utique oppr.
= Fagopyrum sarracenicum Dumort.; Fl. Belg. (Dumortier) 18 (1827)
= Fagopyrum vulgare Hill; Brit. Herb.: 486 (1756) opus utique oppr.
= Fagopyrum vulgare T.Nees; Gen. Fl. Germ.: 53 (1834), nom. superfl.
= Fagopyrum zuogongense Q.F.Chen; Bot. J. Linn. Soc., 130(1): 62 (1999)
= Helxine fagopyrum Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 553 (1891)
= Kunokale carneum Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 3: 12 (1836)
= Phegopyrum emarginatum (Roth) Peterm.; Pflanzenreich [Peterm.] ed. 1: 740 (1841-45)
= Phegopyrum esculentum (Moench) Peterm.; Fl. Bienitz: 92 (1841), nom. superfl.
= Polygonum cereale Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton: 259 (1796), nom. superfl.
= Polygonum dioicum Buch.-Ham. ex Meisn.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 14: 143 (1856), nom. inval.
= Polygonum elegans Meisn.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 14: 143 (1856), nom. inval.
= Polygonum emarginatum Roth; Catal. Bot. 1: 48 (1797)
= Polygonum fagopyrum L.; Sp. Pl.: 364 (1753) (syn. subst.)
= Polygonum gracile Meisn.; Guss., Enum. Pl. Inarim.: 143 (1855), nom. inval.
= Polygonum macropterum Meisn.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 14: 142 (1856), nom. inval.
= Polygonum nepalense Fenzl; Linnaea 24: 318 (1851), nom. illeg.
= Polygonum pyramidatum Loisel.; Mém. Soc. Linn. Paris 6: 411 (1827)
species :
Fagopyrum gilesii (Hemsl.) Hedberg; Svensk Bot. Tidskr. 40: 390 (1946)
Distribution: China (Sichuan, Yunnan); Pakistan (Chitral, Swat); NW-India (Jammu & Kashmir)
36 CHI 40 IND PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygonum gilesii Hemsl.; Hook. Icon. pl. 18: t. 1756 (1888)
species :
Fagopyrum gracilipedoides Ohsako & Ohnishi; Genes Genet. Systems 77: 402 (2002)
Distribution: China (Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Fagopyrum gracilipes (Hemsl.) Dammer; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 29: 315 (1900)
Distribution: China (S-Gansu, Guizhou, Henan, Hubei, Shaanxi, ?Shanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Fagopyrum bonatii (H.Lév.) H.Gross; Bull. Acad. Int. Géogr. Bot. 23: 25 (1913)
= Fagopyrum odontopterum H.Gross; Bull. Acad. Int. Géogr. Bot. 23: 25 (1913)
= Polygonum bonatii H.Lév.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Nov. Sp. 8: 258 (1910)
= Polygonum gracilipes Hemsl.; J. Linn. Soc. 26: 340 (1891)
= Polygonum gracilipes var. odontopterum (H.Gross) Sam.; Hand.-Mazz., Symb. Sin. 7: 187 (1929)
= Polygonum odontopterum (H.Gross) H.W.Kung
species :
Fagopyrum homotropicum Ohnishi; Fagopyrum 15: 20 (1998)
Distribution: China
36 CHI
species :
Fagopyrum jinshaense Ohsako & Ohnishi; Genes Genet. Systems 77: 402 (2002)
Distribution: China
36 CHI
species :
Fagopyrum kashmirianum Munshi; J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 3(2): 627 (1982)
Distribution: NW-India (Jammu & Kashmir)
40 IND
species :
Fagopyrum leptopodum (Diels) Hedberg; Svensk Bot. Tidskr. 40: 390 (1946)
Distribution: China (Sichuan, Yunnan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygonum leptopodum Diels; Notes Bot. Gard. Edin. 5: 260 (1912)
variant :
var. grossii (H.Lév.) L.A.B.Lauener & D.K.Ferguson; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 40(1): 195 (1982)
Distribution: China (Sichuan, Yunnan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Fagopyrum grossii (H.Lév.) H.Gross; Bull. Geogr. Bot. 23: 26 (1913)
= Polygonum grossii H.Lév.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 11: 297 (1912)
= Polygonum leptopodum var. grossii (H.Lév.) Sam.; Hand.-Mazz., Symb. Sin. 7: 188 (1929)
species :
Fagopyrum lineare (Sam.) Haraldson; Symb. Bot. Upsal. 22(2): 81 (1978)
Distribution: China (Yunnan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygonum lineare Sam.; Hand.-Mazz. Symbolae Sinicae, Pt. 7, 188 (1929)
species :
Fagopyrum longistylum M.L.Zhou & T.Yu; Phytotaxa 482: 175 (2021)
Distribution: China (Sichuan)
36 CHI
species :
Fagopyrum longzhoushanense J.R.Shao; Phytotaxa 291(1): 76 (2017)
Distribution: China (Sichuan)
36 CHI
species :
Fagopyrum luojishanense J.R.Shao; Novon 24: 22 (2015)
Distribution: China (Sichuan)
36 CHI
species :
Fagopyrum macrocarpum Ohsako & Ohnishi; Genes Genet. Systems 73(2): 93 (1998)
Distribution: China (Sichuan)
36 CHI
species :
Fagopyrum megacarpum H.Hara; J. Jap. Bot. 47(5): 137 (1972)
Distribution: Nepal
40 NEP
Synonyms: hidden
= Eskemukerjea megacarpum (H.Hara) H.Hara; Enum. Fl. Pl. Nepal 3: 173 (1982)
= Eskemukerjea nepalensis Malick & Sengupta; Bull. Bot. Surv. India, 11(3-4): 433 (1969 publ. 1972)
species :
Fagopyrum pleioramosum Ohnishi; Fagopyrum 15: 22 (1998)
Distribution: China (Sichuan)
36 CHI
species :
Fagopyrum pugense T.Yu; Novon 9(2): 239 (2010)
Distribution: China (Sichuan)
36 CHI
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Fagopyrum qiangcai D.Q.Bai; Novon 21(2): 256 (2011)
Distribution: China (Sichuan)
36 CHI
species :
Fagopyrum rubrifolium Ohsako & Ohnishi; Genes Genet. Systems 73(2): 93 (1998)
Distribution: China (Sichuan)
36 CHI
species :
Fagopyrum statice (H.Lév.) H.Gross; Bull. Geogr. Bot. 23: 26 (1913)
Distribution: China (Guizhou, Yunnan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygonum statice H.Lév.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Nov. Sp. 7: 338 (1909)
species :
Fagopyrum tataricum (L.) Gaertn.; Fruct. 2: 182. t. 119, f. 6 (1791)
Name: Falscher Buchweizen, Tataren-Buchweizen (DE), Tartarian Buckwheat (EN)
Distribution: Denmark [I]; Norway [I]; Sweden [I]; Finland [I]; Netherlands [I]; Belgium [I]; Germany [I]; Switzerland [I]; Poland [I]; Slovakia [I]; Hungary [I]; France [I]; Slovenia [I]; Croatia [I]; Romania [I]; Estonia [I]; Latvia [I]; Lithuania [I]; Belarus [I]; European Russia [I]; Moldova [I]; Siberia [I] (Altai [I], Buryatia [I], Chita [I], Irkutsk [I], Krasnoyarsk [I], Tuva [I], W-Siberia [I], Yakutia [I]); Russian Far East [I] (Amur [I], Kamchatka [I], Khabarovsk [I], Magadan [I], Primorye [I], Sakhalin [I]); Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan [I]; Tajikistan [I]; Northern Caucasus [I]; Georgia [Caucasus] [I]; Azerbaijan [I]; Afghanistan (Badakshan, Wakhan, Kunar / Nuristan, Parwan); China (Gansu, ?Guangxi, Guizhou, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Hubei, Hunan, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Yunnan); Tibet; Mongolia; Pakistan; Nepal; Bhutan; India (Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Sikkim); Bangladesh [I]; Myanmar [I]; Vietnam [I]; Canada [I] (Alberta [I], New Brunswick [I], Newfoundland [I], Nova Scotia [I], Ontario [I], Quebec [I], Saskatchewan [I]); USA [I] (Maine [I], Massachusetts [I], Michigan [I], New Hampshire [I], New York [I], Pennsylvania [I], Rhode Island [I], Vermont [I], West Virginia [I])
10 den fin nor swe 11 bgm ger hun net pol slo swi 12 fra 13 cro rom slv 14 blr est lat lit mld rus 30 sib 31 rfe 32 KAZ kgz tzk 33 aze geo ncs 34 AFG 36 CHI TIB 37 MON 40 ban BHU IND NEP PAK 41 mya vie 71 cdn 72 cdn 75 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Fagopyrum dentatum Moench; Methodus 290 (1794), nom. illeg.
= Fagopyrum rotundatum Bab.; Trans. Linn. Soc. 18: 117 (1838)
= Fagopyrum subdentatum Gilib.; Exerc. Phyt. 2: 436 (1792), opus utique oppr.
= Fagopyrum suffruticosum F.Schmidt; Reis. Amurl. 170 (1868)
= Fagopyrum tataricum subsp. himalaicum Krotov; 32 (1975)
= Fagopyrum tataricum subsp. potaninii (Batalin) Ohnishi; Fagopyrum 13: 4 (1993)
= Fagopyrum tataricum subsp. rotundatum (Bab.) Krotov; 32 (1975)
= Fagopyrum tataricum subsp. tuberculatum Krotov; 32 (1975)
= Fagopyrum tataricum var. diminutum Zapal.; 612 (1907)
= Fagopyrum tataricum var. potaninii Batalin; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 1894: 13 (1894)
= Fagopyrum tataricum var. reniforme Zapal.; 612 (1907)
= Fagopyrum tataricum var. rotundatum (Bab.) Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 387 (1866)
= Fagopyrum tataricum var. vulgare Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 387 (1866)
= Helxine tatarica (L.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 553 (1891)
= Phegopyrum tataricum (L.) Peterm.; Fl. Bienitz, 92 (1841)
= Polygonum occidentale Meisn.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 14: 144 (1856), nom. inval.
= Polygonum sinarum Desv. ex Meisn.; Monogr. Polyg.: 62 (1826), nom. inval.
= Polygonum tataricum L.; Sp. Pl. 364 (1753)
species :
Fagopyrum tibeticum (A.J.Li) Adr.Sanchez & Jan.M.Burke; Taxon 60(1): 156 (2011)
Distribution: Tibet
36 TIB
Synonyms: hidden
= Parapteropyrum tibeticum A.J.Li; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 19(3): 330 (1981)
species :
Fagopyrum urophyllum H.Gross; Bull. Geogr. Bot. 23: 21 (1913)
Distribution: China (Sichuan, Yunnan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Fagopyrum mairei (H.Lév.) H.Gross; Bull. Acad. Int. Géogr. Bot. 23: 25 (1913)
= Polygonum mairei H.Lév.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Nov. Sp. 7: 338 (1909)
= Polygonum urophyllum Boreau & Franch.; Morot, J. de Bot. 5: 150 (1891)
species :
Fagopyrum wenchuanense J.R.Shao; Novon 21(2): 258 (2011)
Distribution: China (Sichuan)
36 CHI
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A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 18.4 (Feb. 11th, 2024)

Covering 354,025 accepted species,
9,095 hybrids, 47,879 accepted infraspecific taxa and 995,101 synonyms,
in total 1,406,100* names

[*about 25,000 dubious, "unplaced" names and about 4,000 invalid names (Art. 24.3) like "typicus" are deliberately omitted]


With complete, detailed distribution data (countries and regions) and literature references

Arranged in linear phylogenetic sequence reflecting true relationships

Fully searchable and continously updated

With 38,290 pictures of 15,532 species

Assembled through 40 years independently from other databases

In cooperation with Catalogue of Life