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V. 12.5
14.10.2021

134.0000 Family Iridaceae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 57 (1789), nom. cons.
70 genera, ca. 2500 spp.
Species listed in database: 2557; hybrids: 33
= Crocaceae Vest, Anleit. Stud. Bot.: 266, 283 (1818)
= Galaxiaceae Raf., New Fl. N. Amer. 1: 72 (1836)
= Geosiridaceae Jonker, Receuil Trav. Bot. Néerl. 36: 477. seors. impr (1939), nom. cons.
= Gladiolaceae Raf., Fl. Tellur. 4: 34 (1838)
= Isophysidaceae F.A.Barkley, Revista Fac. Nac. Agron. Medellin Univ. Antioquia 8: 152 (1948)
= Ixiaceae Horan., Prim. Lin. Syst. Nat.: 51 (1834)
134.6603 Genus Freesia Eckl. ex Klatt; Linnaea, 34: 1865 (1866) 672
Distribution: Tropical and South Africa
Species listed in database: 16
= Nymanima Kuntze, Rev. Gen. (1891) 701
= Anomatheca Ker Gawl., Ann. Bot. (König & Sims) 1: (1805) 227
species :
Freesia andersoniae L.Bolus; S. Afr. Gard., 17: 337 (1927)
Distribution: South Africa (North-West Prov., Free State, N-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
species :
Freesia caryophyllacea (Burm.fil.) N.E.Br.; Kew Bull., 134 (1929)
Distribution: South Africa (W-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Anomatheca xanthospila (DC.) Ker Gawl. ex Spreng., Syst. Veg. 1: 154 (1824)
= Freesia elimensis L.Bolus, S. Afr. Gard., 23: 167, 168 (1933)
= Freesia parva N.E.Br., Journ. S. Afr. Bot., 1: 9 (1935)
= Freesia xanthospila (DC.) Klatt, Linnaea, 34: 1865 (1866) 673
= Gladiolus xanthospilus DC., Red. Liliac. 3: t. 124 (1805)
= Montbretia xanthospila (DC.) Heynh., Nom. 2: 418 (1847)
= Tritonia xanthospila (DC.) Ker Gawl. ex Spreng., Syst. Veg. 1: 154 (1824)
= Waitzia xanthospila Heynh., Nom. 1: 855
species :
Freesia corymbosa (Burm.fil.) N.E.Br.; Kew Bull., 132 (1929)
Distribution: South Africa (W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Freesia armstrongii Hort., ex Gard. Chron., Ser. III. 35: 149 (1904)
= Freesia brevis N.E.Br., S. African Gard. 23: 263 (1933)
= Freesia metelerkampiae L.Bolus, S. Afr. Gard., 17: 337 (1927)
= Gladiolus corymbosus Burm.fil., Fl. Cap. Prod. 2 (1768)
species :
Freesia fergusoniae L.Bolus; S. Afr. Gard., 17: 337 (1927)
Distribution: South Africa (W-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
species :
Freesia fucata J.C.Manning & Goldblatt; Bothalia 31: 189 (2001)
Distribution: South Africa (W-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
species :
Freesia grandiflora (Baker) Klatt; T. Durand & Schinz Consp. Fl. Afr. 5: 1893 (1894) 187
subspecies :
subsp. grandiflora
Distribution: SE-D.R.Congo [Zaire]; S-Tanzania; Malawi; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe; South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga); Eswatini [Swaziland]
23 ZAI 25 TAN 26 MLW MOZ ZAM ZIM 27 SAF SWZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Anomatheca grandiflora Baker, J. Bot. 14: 337 (1876)
= Freesia rubella Baker, Bull. Herb. Boiss. Ser. II. 1: 868 (1901)
= Hesperantha rubella Baker, Journ. Bot. 14: (1876) 239
= Lapeirousia grandiflora (Baker) N.E.Br.in Monteiro, Delagoa Bay (1891) 171
= Lapeirousia grandiflora Jacq., Ann. Fl. Pomone 1835-1836: 120 (1836)
subspecies :
subsp. occulta J.C.Manning & Goldblatt; Strelitzia 27: 111 (2010)
Distribution: Mozambique
26 MOZ
species :
Freesia laxa (Thunb.) Goldblatt & J.C.Manning; Syst. Bot., 20(2): 171 (1995)
subspecies :
subsp. laxa
Distribution: Rwanda; ?South Sudan; SE-D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda; Malawi; Mozambique; Zambia; South Africa (Limpopo, Mpulamanga, KwaZulu-Natal, E-Cape Prov.); Eswatini [Swaziland]; Australia [I] (Queensland [I], New South Wales [I]); Norfolk Isl. [I]; New Zealand [I]; Mauritius [I]; La Réunion [I]; USA [I] (Florida [I]); Argentina [I]; Morocco [I]; Gibraltar [I]
12 gib 20 mor 23 RWA ZAI 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 MLW MOZ ZAM 27 SAF SWZ 29 mau reu 50 aus nfk 51 nzl 78 usa 85 arg
Synonyms: hidden
= Anomatheca cruenta Lindl., Bot. Reg. t. 1369 (1830)
= Freesia cruenta (Lindl.) Klatt, T. Durand & Schinz Consp. Fl. Afr. 5: 1893 (1894) 187
= Anomatheca laxa (Thunb.) Goldblatt, J. S. Afr Bot., 37 (4): 442 (1971)
= Gladiolus laxus Thunb., Fl. Cap. ed. Schult. 50 (1823)
= Lapeirousia cruenta (Lindl.) Baker, Handb. Irid.: 173 (1892)
= Lapeirousia graebneriana Harms, Engl. Jahrb. 28: 366 (1900)
= Lapeirousia laxa (Thunb.) N.E.Br., Journ. L. Soc., Bot. 48: 24 (1928)
= Meristostigma laxum (Thunb.) A.Dietr., Sp. Pl. 2: 597 (1833)
subspecies :
subsp. azurea (Goldblatt & Hutchings) Goldblatt & J.C.Manning; Syst. Bot., 20(2): 171 (1995)
Distribution: Mozambique; South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal)
26 MOZ 27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Anomatheca laxa ssp. azurea Goldblatt & Hutchings, Novon, 3(2): 146 (1993)
species :
Freesia leichtlinii Klatt; Regel, Gartenfl. (1874) 289
subspecies :
subsp. leichtlinii
Distribution: South Africa (W-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Freesia middlemostii W.F.Barker, S. Afr. Gard., 23: 112 (1933)
= Freesia muirii N.E.Br., Gard. Chron., III, 92: 467 (1932)
= Nymanima leichtlinii Kuntze, Rev. Gen. (1891) 701
= Sparaxis thoubertii Hort. ex Klatt, Gartenfl. (1874) 289
subspecies :
subsp. alba (G.L.Mey.) J.C.Manning & Goldblatt; Strelitzia 27: 70 (2010)
Distribution: South Africa (W-Cape Prov.); Greece [I]; Crete [I]; Spain [I]; East Aegaean Isl. [I]
12 spa 13 grc kri 27 SAF 34 eai
Synonyms: hidden
= Freesia alba (G.L.Mey.) Gumbl., Gard. Chron., III, 19: 392 (1896)
= Freesia gentilis N.E.Br., J. S. African Bot. 1: 20 (1935)
= Freesia herbertii N.E.Br., J. S. African Bot. 1: 14 (1935)
= Freesia picta N.E.Br., J. S. African Bot. 1: 21 (1935)
= Freesia refracta var. alba G.L.Mey., Z. Schweiz. Gartenbau 1: 37 (1881)
= Freesia sparrmannii var. alba (G.L.Mey.) Phillips & N.E.Br.
species :
Freesia marginata J.C.Manning & Goldblatt; Novon 15: 168 (2005)
Distribution: South Africa (Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
species :
Freesia occidentalis L.Bolus; S. Afr. Gard., 23: 255, 266 (1933)
Distribution: South Africa (N-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Freesia framesii L.Bolus, S. Afr. Gard., 24: 243, 245 (1934)
species :
Freesia praecox J.C.Manning & Goldblatt; Strelitzia 27: 65 (2010)
Distribution: South Africa (W-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
species :
Freesia refracta (Jacq.) Eckl. ex Klatt; Linnaea 34: 673 (1866)
Distribution: South Africa (W-Cape Prov.); Java [I]; Madeira [I] (Madeira Isl. [I]); Canary Isl. [I] (Gran Canaria [I]); Spain [I]; Portugal [I]; Gibraltar [I]; SE-France [I]; USA [I] (California [I], Florida [I]); Argentina [I]; Colombia [I]; New Zealand [I]
12 fra gib por spa 21 cny mdr 27 SAF 42 jaw 51 nzl 76 usa 78 usa 82 clm 85 arg
Synonyms: hidden
= Freesia alba Hort. ex Baker, Handb. Irid. (1892) 167
= Freesia hurlingii L.Bolus, S. Afr. Gard., 23: 112 (1933)
= Gladiolus refractus Jacq., Ic. 2: 4. t. 241 (1795)
= Gladiolus resupinatus Pers., Syn. 1: 45 (1805)
= Meristostigma sparmannii Steud., Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 2: 130 (1841)
= Montbretia odorata Heynh., Nom. 2: 418 (1847)
= Montbretia refracta Endl. ex Heynh., Nom. 2: 418 (1847)
= Nymanima refracta Kuntze, Rev. Gen. (1891) 701
= Sparaxis herbertii Voss, Vilmorin´s Blumeng., ed. 3, Sieber & Voss, 1: 990 (1895) [in syn.]
= Sparaxis joubertii Eckl. ex Baker, Journ. L. Soc. 16: (1877) 164
= Tritonia odorata Lodd., Bot. Cab. t. 1820 (1832)
= Tritonia refracta Ker Gawl., Ann. Bot. (König & Sims) 1: (1804) 228
= Waitzia odorata Heynh., Nom. 1: 854 (1841)
= Waitzia refracta Heynh., Nom. 1: 855 (1841)
species :
Freesia sparrmannii (Thunb.) N.E.Br.; Fl. Pl. S. Afr. t. 1 I (1921)
Distribution: South Africa (W-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Freesia odorata Eckl. ex Klatt, Linnaea, 34: 1865 (1866) 672
= Freesia refracta var. odorata (Eckl. ex Klatt) Baker, Handb. Irid.: 167 (1892)
= Gladiolus sparmannii Thunb., Fl. Cap. ed. Schult. 49 (1823)
species :
Freesia speciosa L.Bolus; S. Afr. Gard., 19: 385 (1929)
Distribution: South Africa (W-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Freesia flava (N.E.Br.) N.E.Br., Journ. S. Afr. Bot., 1: 27 (1935)
= Freesia sparrmannii var. flava Phillips & N.E.Br., Fl. Pl. South Africa 1: t. 11 (1921)
species :
Freesia verrucosa (B.Vogel) Goldblatt & J.C.Manning; Syst. Bot., 20(2): 171 (1995)
Distribution: South Africa (W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Anomatheca verrucosa (Vogel in Trew) Goldblatt, J. S. Afr. Bot., 37 (4): 442 (1971)
= Gladiolus amabilis Salisb., Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton: 41 (1796)
= Gladiolus excisus Jacq., Pl. Hort. Schoenbr. 4: 46 (1804)
= Gladiolus paniculatus Pers., Syn. Pl. 1: 45 (1805)
= Gladiolus polystachyus Andr., Bot. Repos. 1: t. 66 (1799)
= Gladiolus pulchellus Salisb., Prod. 39 (1796)
= Ixia verrucosa B.Vogel, Trew, Pl. Rar. t. 24. f. 2 (1884)
species :
Freesia viridis (Dryand.) Goldblatt & J.C.Manning; Syst. Bot., 20(2): 172 (1995)
subspecies :
subsp. viridis
Distribution: South Africa (N-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov.); Namibia
27 NAM SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Anomatheca viridis (Dryand.) Goldblatt, J. S. Afr. Bot., 37 (4): 443 (1971)
= Gladiolus viridis Dryand., Aiton Hort. Kew. ed. I. 3: 481 (1789)
= Lapeirousia viridis (Dryand.) L.Bolus, S. Afr. Gard., 22: 276 (1932)
= Montbretia viridis Voigt, Hort. Suburb. Calc. 610
= Tritonia viridis (Dryand.) Ker Gawl., Bot. Mag. t. 1275 (1810)
= Waitzia viridis (Aiton) Kreysig, Verz. Warm. & Kalt. Hauspflanzen Gart. Dresden: 52 (1829)
subspecies :
subsp. crispifolia (Goldblatt) J.C.Manning & Goldblatt; Strelitzia 03:55 (2010)
Distribution: South Africa (Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Anomatheca viridis ssp. crispifolia Goldblatt, Contrib. Bolus Herb., 4: 87 (1972)
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Lilium philadelphicum (Liliaceae) (Photo: M. Hassler)