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V. 14.3
November 10th, 2022

124.0000 Family Liliaceae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 48 (1789), nom. cons.
16-17 genera, ca. 800 spp.
Species listed in database: 809; hybrids: 8
= Calochortaceae Dumort., Anal. Fam. Pl.: 53 (1829)
= Compsoaceae Horan., Prim. Lin. Syst. Nat.: 51 (1834)
= Erythroniaceae Martinov, Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 238 (1820)
= Fritillariaceae Salisb., Gen. Pl.: 56 (1866)
= Liriaceae Batsch ex Borkh., Bot. Wörterb. 1: 374 (1797)
= Medeolaceae Takht., Sist. Magnoliof. (Syst. Magnolioph.): 291 (1987)
= Paridaceae Dumort., Fl. Belg.: 131 (1827)
= Scoliopaceae Takht., Bot. Zhurn (Moscow & Leningrad) 81(2): 86 (1996)
= Tricyrtidaceae Takht., Divers. Classif. Fl. Pl.: 482 (1997), nom. cons.
= Tulipaceae Batsch ex Borkh., Bot. Wörterb. 2: 391 (1797)
124.5203 Genus Fritillaria L.; Sp. Pl. 1: 303 (1753)
Distribution: Temperate Northem Hemisphere, esp. Mediterranean, Asia Minor, W-USA, Russia and China
Species listed in database: 153
= Amblirion Raf., Am. Monthly Mag. 265 (1818)
= Baimo Raf., Fl. Tellur. 4: 27 (1836)
= Corona Fisch. ex Graham, Edinb. N. Phil. Journ. 21: 157 (1836)
= Corona-imperialis Tourn. ex Rupp., Fl. Jen. ed. Hall 148 (1745)
= Eucrinum (Nutt.) Lindl., Veg. Kingd.: 204 (1846)
= Imperialis Adans., Fam. 2: 48 (1763)
= Korolkowia Regel, Gartenfl. 161. t. 760 (1873), et in Act. Hort. Petrop. 2: 320 (1873)
= Liliorhiza Kellogg, Proc. Calif. Acad. 2: 46 (1863)
= Lyperia Salisb., Gen. Pl. Fragm. 56 (1866)
= Melorima Raf., Fl. Tellur. 4: 53 (1836)
= Monocodon Salisb., Gen. Pl. Fragm. 56 (1866)
= Ochrocodon Rydb., Fl. Rocky Mts. 164 (1917)
= Petilium Ludw., Inst. Reg. Veg., ed. 2: 135 (1757)
= Rhinopetalum Fisch. ex Alexand., Edinb. N. Phil. Journ. 8: 19 (1829)
= Sarana Fisch. ex Baker, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 251 (1874)
= Susiana L., Syst. ed. I. (1735)
= Theresia K.Koch, Linnaea, 22: 232 (1849)
= Tozzettia Parl., Nuov. Gen. e Spec. 11 (1854)
species :
Fritillaria acmopetala Boiss.; Diagn. ser. 1, 7: 104 (1846)
subspecies :
subsp. acmopetala
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia); Cyprus (N-Cyprus); Lebanon (C-Lebanon); Syria (W-Syrian Mountains); Israel
34 CYP ISR LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria lycia Boiss. & Heldr., Diagn. Ser. I. 13: 20 (1854)
= Fritillaria reygassii Boiss. & Blanche ex Boiss., Fl. Orient. 5: 180 (1882)
subspecies :
subsp. wendelboi Rix; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh, 41(1): 52 (1983)
Distribution: S-Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria wendelboi (Rix) Tekcen, Ill. Fl. Turkey Vol. 2. 816 (2018)
species :
Fritillaria affinis (Schult.) Sealy; Hooker´s Icon. Pl., 39(1-2): t. 3847 (1980)
Name: Checker lily
Distribution: USA (California, Idaho, Oregon, Washington State); Canada (British Columbia)
73 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria camschatcensis var. floribunda (Benth.) B.Boivin
= Fritillaria esculenta Nutt. ex Baker, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 271 (1874)
= Fritillaria eximia Eastw., Leafl. W. Bot. 2: 112 (1938)
= Fritillaria lanceolata Pursh, Fl. Am. Sept. 1: 230 (1813)
= Fritillaria lanceolata var. floribunda Benth., Pl. Hartw.: 338 (1857)
= Fritillaria lanceolata var. gracilis S.Watson, Bot. California 2: 169 (1880)
= Fritillaria lunellii A.Nelson, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 20: 35 (1907)
= Fritillaria mutica Lindl., Bot. Reg. sub t. 1663 (1834)
= Fritillaria mutica var. gracilis (S.Watson) Jeps., Fl. W. Calif.: 108 (1901)
= Fritillaria parviflora Torr., Pacif. Railr. Rep. Parke, Bot. 4: 146 (1857), nom. illeg.
= Fritillaria phaeanthera Purdy, Lily Year-Book 1932: 97 (1932)
= Lilium affine Schult. & Schult.fil., J. J. Roem. et al., Syst. Veg. 7(1): 400 (1829)
variant :
var. tristulis (A.L.Grant) B.Ness
Distribution: USA (California)
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria lanceolata var. tristulis A.L.Grant ex Jeps., Fl. Calif. 1: 308 (1922)
species :
Fritillaria agrestis Greene; Erythea, 3: 67 (1895)
Name: Stinkbells
Distribution: USA (California: Mendocino Co to San Luis Obispo Co)
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria biflora var. agrestis Greene, Man. Bot. San Francisco: 311 (1894)
= Fritillaria succulenta Elmer, Coult. Bot. Gaz. 41: 311 (1906)
species :
Fritillaria alburyana Rix; Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 31: 188, f. 2 (1971)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria erzurumica Kasapligil, Phytologia, 22(1): 1 (1971)
= Fritillaria erzurumica var. abortivus Kasapligil, Phytologia, 22(1): 3 (1971)
species :
Fritillaria alfredae Post; Mem. Herb. Boiss. no. 18, 101 (1900)
subspecies :
subsp. alfredae
Distribution: Lebanon (C-Lebanon)
34 LEB
subspecies :
subsp. platyptera (Sam.) Rix; Kew Bull., 33(4): 596 (1979)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, S-Anatolia); Syria (W-Syrian Mountains)
34 SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria platyptera Sam.apud Rech.fil., Arkiv Bot., Stockh., andra ser., 1: 303 (1950)
subspecies :
subsp. glaucoviridis (Turrill) Rix; Kew Bull., 33(4): 598 (1979)
Distribution: S-Turkey (Adana); N-Syria
34 SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria haradjianii Briq. ex Rech.fil.apud Rech.fil., Arkiv Bot., Stockh., andra ser., 5: 78 (1960)
= Fritillaria glaucoviridis Turrill, Gard. Chron., Ser. III. 93: 334 (1933)
species :
Fritillaria amabilis Koidz.; Matsum. Ic. Pl. Koisikav. 2: 21, t. 95 (1914)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu)
38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria amabilis f. moritae Naruh., J. Jap. Bot. 93(2): 132 (2018)
species :
Fritillaria anhuiensis S.C.Chen & S.F.Yin; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 21: 100 (1983)
Distribution: China (Anhui, Henan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria anhuiensis f. jinzhaiensis Y.K.Yang & J.Z.Zhao, J. Wuhan Bot. Res. 5(2): 143 (1987)
= Fritillaria anhuiensis var. albiflora S.C.Chen & S.F.Yin, Acta Bot. Yunnan. 7(3): 307-308, f. 1:5 (1986)
= Fritillaria ebeiensis G.D.Yu & G.Q.Ji, J. Nanjing Coll. Pharm. 16(3): 29-30, f. 4 (1985)
= Fritillaria ebeiensis var. purpurea G.D.Yu & P.Li, J. Nanjing Coll. Pharm. 16(3): 30, f. 5 (1985)
= Fritillaria hupehensis var. dabieshanensis M.B.Deng & K.Yao, Bull. Nanjing Bot. Gard. Mem. Sun Yat Sen, 1982: 39 (1982)
= Fritillaria shuchengensis Y.K.Yang, D.Q.Wang & J.Z.Shao, J. Wuhan Bot. Res. 5(2): 140-141, f. 13 (1987)
= Fritillaria wuyangensis Z.Y.Gao, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 23(1): 69-70, f. 1 (1985)
species :
Fritillaria ariana (Losinsk. & Vved.) Rix; Iranian J. Bot., 1(2): 82 (1977)
Distribution: Turkmenistan; Tajikistan; Uzbekistan; Armenia; Azerbaijan (Nachichevan); Afghanistan (Badghys, Balkh, Farah, Faryab, Helmand, Herat, Kabul, Logar, Paktia / Khost, Samangan, Zabul); N-Pakistan; Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, S-Iran, W-Iran)
32 TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE 34 AFG IRN 40 PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria gibbosa Boiss., Diagn. ser. 1, 7: 109 (1846)
= Fritillaria karelinii f. gibbosa (Fisch.) Bornm., Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 24(2): 99 (1908)
= Fritillaria pterocarpa Stocks, Hook. Kew Journ. 4: 180 (1852)
= Rhinopetalum arianum Losinsk. & Vved., Kom., Fl. URSS, 4: 298, 738 (1935)
= Rhinopetalum boissieri Klatt, Hamb. Gartenz. 16: 439 (1860)
= Rhinopetalum gibbosum (Boiss.) Losinsk. & Vved., Kom., Fl. URSS, 4: 297 (1935)
= Rhinopetalum triste Eversm. ex Ledeb., Fl. Ross. iv 149 (1852)
species :
Fritillaria armena Boiss.; Diagn. ser. 1, 7: 106 (1846)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia); Armenia; Azerbaijan (incl. Nachichevan)
33 ARM AZE 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria brevicaulis Baker, Gard. Chron., 6: 38, Journ. Hortic. Ser. III. 27: 441 (1889)
= Fritillaria caucasica var. armena (Boiss.) Grossh., Fl. Kavk. 2, 2: 148 (1940)
species :
Fritillaria arsusiana Yildirim & Teksen; Phytotaxa 502(2): 150 (2021)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Fritillaria assyriaca Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. London Bot. 14: 265 (1874)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia); Iran (EC-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran); Iraq (NE-Iraq)
34 IRN IRQ TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria canaliculata Baker, Gard. Chron. (1890) 1: 288
species :
Fritillaria asumaniae R.Wallis, R.B.Wallis & Özhatay; Fl. Medit. 25 (Special Issue): 201, figs. 2-5 (2015)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Fritillaria atrolineata Bakhshi Khan.; Edinburgh,: Bot., 54(2): 171 (1997)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Fritillaria atropurpurea Nutt.; Journ. Acad. Philad. 7: 54 (1834)
Name: Spotted fritillary
Distribution: USA (Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Mexico, Nevada, Oregon, South Dakota, Utah, Wyoming)
73 USA 74 USA 76 USA 77 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Amblirion album (Nutt.) Sweet, Hort. Brit. 2: 538 (1830)
= Fritillaria adamantina M.Peck, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash., 50: 93 (1937)
= Fritillaria alba Nutt., Gen. N. Amer. Pl. 1: 222 (1818)
= Fritillaria atropurpurea var. gracillima (Smiley) D.W.Taylor, Fl. Yosemite Sierra 373 (2010)
= Fritillaria gracillima Smiley, Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 9: 143 (1921)
= Fritillaria linearis J.M.Coult. & Fisher, Bot. Gaz. 17: 352 (1892)
species :
Fritillaria aurea Schott; Österr. Bot. Wochenbl. 4: 137 (1854)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria bornmuelleri Hausskn., Oest. Bot. Zeitschr. 40: 393 (1890)
= Fritillaria cilicico-taurica Hausskn. & Bornm., Mitth. Thuring. Bot. Ver. n. s. 20: 46
species :
Fritillaria avromanica Advay & Tekcen; Nordic J. Bot. 33(5): 527 (2015)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Fritillaria ayakoana Maruy. & Naruh.; J. Geobot., 26(4): 92 (1979)
Distribution: Japan
38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria ayakoana f. yadae Naruh., J. Jap. Bot. 93(2): 132 (2018)
species :
Fritillaria baisunensis Ruksans; Int. Rock Gard. 114: 12, photogrs. (2019)
Distribution: Uzbekistan
32 UZB
species :
Fritillaria baskilensis Behçet; Bull. Pure Appl. Sci., Modinagar, B 17: 35 (1998)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Fritillaria biflora Lindl.; Bot. Reg. sub t. 1663 (1834)
Name: Chocolate-lily, mission bells
Distribution: USA (California: Los Angeles Co.)
Synonyms: hidden
= Amblirion lanceolatum Sweet, Hort. Brit. 2: 538 (1830), nom. nud.
= Fritillaria kamtschatcensis Torr., Pacif. Railr. Rep. Parke, Bot. 4: 146 (1857)
= Fritillaria lanceolata Torr., W. H. Emory, Rep. U. S. Mex. Bound. 2(1): t. 61 (1858)
species :
Fritillaria bithynica Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. London Bot. 14: 264 (1874)
Distribution: Turkey (NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); East Aegaean Isl. (Samos, Chios)
34 EAI TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria citrina Baker, Gard. Chron. (1893) 1: 538
= Fritillaria dasyphylla Baker, Gard. Chron. ser. 2, 3: 653 (1875)
= Fritillaria pineticola O.Schwarz, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 36: 69 (1934)
= Fritillaria schliemannii Sint., Illustr. Hortic. 31: 106 (1884)
species :
Fritillaria brandegeei Eastw.; Bull. Torr. Bot. Club, 484 (1903)
Name: Greenhorn fritillary
Distribution: USA (California, S-Sa. Nevada/Calif.)
Conservation Status: of conservation concern, rare and under pressure from cattle grazing.
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria hutchinsonii Davidson, Bull. S. Calif. Acad. Sc., 27: 79 (1928)
species :
Fritillaria bucharica Regel; Act. Hort. Petrop. 8: 652 (1884)
Distribution: Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Afghanistan (Badakshan)
32 TKM TZK UZB 34 AFG
Synonyms: hidden
= Rhinopetalum bucharicum (Regel) Losinsk., Kom., Fl. URSS, 4: 298 (1935)
species :
Fritillaria byfieldii Özhatay & Rix; Fl. Turkey 11: 323 (2000 publ. 2001)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Fritillaria camschatcensis (L.) Ker Gawl.; Bot. Mag. sub t. 1216 (1809)
Name: Black Lily, Kamchatka Fritillary, Black sarana, Eskimo´s potatoes
Distribution: Alaska; Aleutes; USA (Oregon, Washington State); Canada (British Columbia, Yukon); Russian Far East (Amur, Kamchatka, Khabarovsk, Kuril Isl., Magadan, Primorye, Sakhalin, Ussuri); Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu)
31 RFE 38 JAP 70 ASK 73 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Amblirion camschatcense (L.) Sweet, Hort. Brit. 2: 538 (1830)
= Fritillaria camschatcensis f. flavescens (Makino) T.Shimizu, New Alp. Fl. Japan in Color, 2: 358 (1983)
= Fritillaria camschatcensis var. flavescens Makino, J. Jap. Bot. 8: 24 (1932)
= Fritillaria saranna Stejneger, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus. 6: (1883) 63 (nomen)
= Lilium camschatcense L., Sp. Pl. 303 (1753)
= Lilium nigrum Siebold, Verh. Batav. Gen. 12: 16 (1830)
= Lilium quadrifoliatum E.Mey., Presl, Rel. Haenk. 1: 126 (1827)
= Sarana camtschatica Hort., Blumeng., ed. 3, Siebold & Voss, 1: 1 107 (1895) (in syn.)
= Sarana edulis Fisch. ex Baker, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 274 (1874)
species :
Fritillaria carica Rix; Kew Bull., 30(1): 156 (1975)
Distribution: Turkey (SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); East Aegaean Isl. (Samos, Chios)
34 EAI TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria tulipifolia var. dasyphylla Baker, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 266 (1974), nec Fritillaria dasyphylla Baker
= Fritillaria chia Boiss. ex Nyman, Consp. 722 (1882)
= Fritillaria pelinaea Kamari, Bocconea, 5(1): 227 (1996)
species :
Fritillaria caucasica J.F.Adams; Weber & Mohr, Beitr. Naturk. 1: 51 (1805)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia); Iran (Iranian Aserbaijan); Georgia [Caucasus] (Kartli, Mtiuleti); Azerbaijan; Armenia; Northern Caucasus
33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria armena var. lucida Hausskn. & Bornm., Mitth. Thüring. Bot. Vereins, n. s., 20: 47 (1905)
= Fritillaria lucida (Hausskn. & Bornm.) Bornm., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 27: 345 (1930)
= Fritillaria parviflora Mart., Hort. Monac. (1838). Cf. Linnaea, 13: (1839) Litt. 102
= Fritillaria racemosa Mill., Gard. Dict. ed. VIII. n. 7 (1768)
= Fritillaria tulipifolia M.Bieb., Fl. Taur.-Caucasus 1: 270 (1808)
= Theresia tulipilfoia (M.Bieb.) Klatt, Hamb. Gartenz. 16: 438 (1860)
species :
Fritillaria chitralensis (Hort.) B.Mathew; Curtis´s Bot. Mag., 13(1): 30 (1996)
Distribution: N-Pakistan (Chitral)
40 PAK
Remarks: Subgen. Petilium
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria imperialis var. chitralensis hort., Roy. Hort. Soc. n. s. 36 (1911)
species :
Fritillaria chlorantha Hausskn. & Bornm.; Mitt. Thür. Bot. Ver. n. s. 20: 45 (1905)
Distribution: Iran (SW-Iran, Zagros)
34 IRN
species :
Fritillaria chlororhabdota Bakhshi Khan.; Herbertia, 52:140 (1997)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Fritillaria cirrhosa D.Don; Prodr. Fl. Nepal.: 51 (1825)
Distribution: China (Gansu, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Yunnan); Nepal; Bhutan; N-India (Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Sikkim, Uttarakhand, West Bengal); S-Tibet; N-Myanmar; N-Pakistan (Swat)
36 CHI TIB 40 BHU IND NEP PAK 41 MYA
Synonyms: hidden
= Baimo cirrhosa (D.Don) Raf., Fl. Tellur. 4: 27 (1838)
= Fritillaria bonatii H.Lév.
= Fritillaria cirrhosa ssp. roylei (Hook.) Ali, Fl. Pakistan 215: 10 (2007)
= Fritillaria cirrhosa var. bonatii (H.Lév.) S.C.Chen, Acta Bot. Yunnan. 5: 374 (1983)
= Fritillaria cirrhosa var. brachyantha Marquand & Airy Shaw, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 48: 227 (1929)
= Fritillaria cirrhosa var. dingriensis Y.K.Yang & J.Z.Zhang, Acta Bot. Boreal.-Occid. Sin. 5(1): 34 (1985)
= Fritillaria cirrhosa var. jilongensis Y.K.Yang & Gesang, Acta Bot. Boreal.-Occid. Sin. 5(1): 34 (1985)
= Fritillaria cirrhosa var. viridiflava S.C.Chen, Acta Bot. Yunnan. 5: 373 (1983)
= Fritillaria duilongdeqingensis Y.K.Yang & J.K.Wu, Acta Bot. Boreal.-Occid. Sin. 5(1): 30-32, f. 4 (1985)
= Fritillaria gulielmi-waldemarii Klotzsch, Bot. Ergebn. Reise Waldemar: 52 (1862)
= Fritillaria lhiinzeensis Y.K.Yang, Y.Q.Ye & et al., J. Wuhan Bot. Res. 5(2): 126 (1987)
= Fritillaria roylei Hook., Hooker´s Icon. Pl. 9: t. 860 (1852)
= Fritillaria verticillata Royle, Ill. Bot. Himal. Mts. 387. t. 92, f. 2 (1840), non Willd., 1799
= Fritillaria zhufenensis Y.K.Yang & J.Z.Zhang, Acta Bot. Bor.-Occid. Sin., 5(1): 21 (1985)
= Lilium bonatii H.Lév., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 11(286-290): 303 (1912)
= Melorima cirrhosa (D.Don) Raf., Fl. Tellur. 4: 53 (1836)
species :
Fritillaria collina Adams; Weber & Mohr, Beitr. 1: 50 (1805)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Azerbaijan; Armenia; Crimea
14 KRY 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS
Remarks: sometimes included in F. latifolia
species :
Fritillaria conica Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Or. Nov. 1(7): 105 (1846)
Distribution: S-Greece (W-Peloponnisos)
13 GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria tulipifolia Bory & Chaub., Fl. Pelop. 98 (1838), nom. illeg.
species :
Fritillaria crassicaulis S.C.Chen; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 15(2): 36, t. 2, f. 1-5 (1977)
Distribution: China (SW-Sichuan, NW-Yunnan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria omeiensis S.C.Chen, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 15(2): 39, t., f. 1 (1977)
species :
Fritillaria crassifolia Boiss. & A.L.P.Huet; Diagn. Ser. II. 4: 103 (1859)
subspecies :
subsp. crassifolia
Distribution: Turkey (N-Anatolia, C-Anatolia, S-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria biebersteiniana Kharkev., Novit. Syst. Pl. Vasc., Acad. Sci. URSS, 42 (1966)
= Fritillaria hermontis Fenzl ex Klatt, Hamb. Gartenz. 16: 442 (1860)
= Fritillaria lutea M.Bieb., Fl. Taur.-Caucasus 1: 269 (1808) (non Mill. (1768))
= Fritillaria ophioglossifolia Freyn & Sint., Bull. Herb. Boiss. 4: 183 (1896)
subspecies :
subsp. hakkarensis Rix; Kew Bull., 29(4): 641 (1974 publ. 1975)
Distribution: Turkey (SE-Anatolia); N-Iraq
34 IRQ TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria hakkarensis (Rix) Tekcen, Ill. Fl. Turkey Vol. 2. 826 (2018)
species :
Fritillaria dagana Turcz.; Flora, 17: (1834) I. Beibl. 25. ex Trautv.
Distribution: C-Siberia (Buryatia, Chita, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk); Mongolia
30 SIB 37 MON
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria chamarensis Turcz. ex Ledeb., Fl. Ross. 4: 148
= Imperialis dagana (Turcz.) Turcz., Bull. Soc. Nat. Mosc. (1837) n. I. 62
species :
Fritillaria dajinensis S.C.Chen; Acta Bot. Yunnan. 5(4): 368-370, pl. 1, f. 1-5 (1983)
Distribution: China (NW-Sichuan)
36 CHI
species :
Fritillaria davidii Franch.; Nouv. Arch. Mus. Hist. Nat., ser. 2, 10: 93, pl. 16, f. beta (1887)
Distribution: China (W-Sichuan)
36 CHI
species :
Fritillaria davisii Turrill; Kew Bull. 1940: 265 (1940)
Distribution: S-Greece
13 GRC
species :
Fritillaria delavayi Franch.; J. Bot. (Morot) 12(13-14): 222 (1898)
Distribution: China (Qinghai, Sichuan, Yunnan); Tibet; India (Sikkim, Chumbi); Bhutan
36 CHI TIB 40 BHU IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria bhutanica Turrill, Kew Bull., 283 (1952)
= Fritillaria delavayi var. banmaensis Y.K.Yang & J.K.Wu, Acta Bot. Boreal.-Occid. Sin. 5(1): 24 (1985)
= Fritillaria xizangensis Y.K.Yang & Gesang, Acta Bot. Boreal.-Occid. Sin. 5(1): 22-23, f. 2 (1985)
species :
Fritillaria drenovskii Degen & Stoyanov; Mitt. Königl. Naturw. Inst. Sofia, 4: 142 (1931)
Distribution: NE-Greece; SW-Bulgaria
13 BUL GRC
species :
Fritillaria eastwoodiae Macfarl.; Madrono, 25(2): 95 (1978)
Name: Butte County fritillary
Distribution: USA (California, Oregon)
73 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria phaeanthera Eastw., Leafl. West. Bot. 1: 55 (1933) (not Purdy 1932
species :
Fritillaria ehrhartii Boiss. & Orph.; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Or. Nov. 3(4): 105 (1859)
Distribution: Greece (Aegaean region: Evvoia, N-Kikládhes, Skiros, Andros, Siros)
13 GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria ehrhartii var. prasinantha Kamari, Bot. Chronika, 10: 259 (1991)
= Fritillaria macrandra Baker, Gard. Chron. (1875) I. 715
= Fritillaria regis-georgii Heldr. & Holzm. ex Rouy, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 38: 184 (1891)
= Fritillaria sporadum Kamari, Willdenowia, 14(2): 331 (1984 publ. 1985)
species :
Fritillaria elwesii Boiss.; Fl. 5: 181 (1882)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia); East Aegaean Isl.
34 EAI TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria acmopetala Baker, Bot. Mag. t. 6321 (1877)
= Fritillaria sieheana Hausskn. ex Hayek, Ann. Nat. Hofmus. Wien, 28: 184 (1914)
species :
Fritillaria epirotica Turrill ex Rix; Kew Bull. 30: 160 (1975)
Distribution: NW-Greece
13 GRC
species :
Fritillaria euboeica Rix; Kew Bull. 30: 158 (1975)
Distribution: E-Greece (Evvoia)
13 GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria rixii Zaharof, Nordic J. Bot., 6(6): 727 (1986), nom. nov. superfl.
species :
Fritillaria falcata (Jeps.) D.E.Beetle; Madrono, 7: 148 (1944)
Name: Talus fritillary
Distribution: USA (California, San Francisco Bay region and slightly northward)
Conservation Status: of conservation concern
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria atropurpurea var. falcata Jeps., Fl. Calif. 1: 309 (1921)
species :
Fritillaria ferganensis Losinsk.; Kom., Fl. URSS, 4: 315, 740 (1935)
Distribution: Kyrgyzstan; Uzbekistan
32 KGZ UZB
species :
Fritillaria fleischeriana Steud. & W.Hochst. ex Schult. & Schult.fil.; Syst. Veg. 7: 388 (1829)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, W-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria fleischeri Hochst. & Steud., Sched. Un. Itin. (1827) (nom. nud. non Boiss. (1882))
= Theresia fleischeriana (Steud. & W.Hochst. ex Schult. & Schult.fil.) Klatt, Hamb. Gartenz. 16: 439 (1860)
species :
Fritillaria forbesii Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. London Bot. 14: 264 (1874)
Distribution: Turkey (SW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Fritillaria frankiorum R.Wallis & R.B.Wallis; Plantsman, n. s., 2: 15 (2003)
Distribution: Lebanon / Syria; Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Fritillaria fusca Turrill; Hooker´s Icon. Pl. 35(2): pl. 3427, f. 8-11 (1943)
Distribution: S-Tibet
36 TIB
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria himalaica Y.K.Yang, Y.Q.Ye & et al., J. Wuhan Bot. Res., 5(2): 126 (1987)
species :
Fritillaria gencensis Yild., Kiliç & Demirp.; Ot Sist. Bot. Dergisi 26(1): 2 (2019)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Fritillaria gentneri Gilkey; Madrono, 11: 138 (1951)
Name: Gentner´s fritillary
Distribution: USA (S-Oregon)
Conservation Status: of conservation concern
species :
Fritillaria glauca Greene; Erythea, 1: 153 (1893)
Name: Siskiyou fritillary
Distribution: USA (NW-California, Oregon)
73 USA
species :
Fritillaria graeca Boiss. & Spruner; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Or. Nov. 1(7): 104 (1846)
Distribution: Greece; S-Bulgaria
13 BUL GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria graeca var. guicciardii (Heldr. & Sart.) Boiss., Fl. Orient. 5: 182 (1882)
= Fritillaria graeca var. unicolor Halácsy, Consp. Fl. Graec., Suppl. 1: 103 (1908)
= Fritillaria guicciardii Heldr. & Sart., Boiss. Diagn. Ser. II. 4: 102 (1859)
= Fritillaria latifolia Friv. ex Nyman, Consp. 722
= Fritillaria pyrenaica Sibth. & Sm., Fl. Graec. t. 328
= Fritillaria tulipifolia Spruner ex Nyman, Consp. 722
= Fritillaria zahnii Hort., ex Le Jardin, 25: 365 (1911)
species :
Fritillaria grandiflora Grossh.; Monit. Jard. Bot. Tiflis, Ann. xiii-xiv. 52 (1919)
Distribution: Iran (Talysh); S-Azerbaijan (Talysh)
33 AZE 34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria kotschyana ssp. grandiflora (Grossh.) Rix, Kew Bull., 29(4): 646 (1974 publ. 1975)
species :
Fritillaria grayana Rchb.fil. & Baker; Journ. Bot. 16: 263 (1878)
Name: Gray´s fritillary
Distribution: USA (California, San Mateo County)
Conservation Status: rare and endangered in California.
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria roderickii Knight, Four Seasons, 2: No. 2, 14 (1967)
= Fritillaria biflora var. ineziana Jeps., Fl. Calif. 1: 306 (1921)
species :
Fritillaria gussichiae (Degen & Dörfl.) Rix; Bot. Jour. Linn. Soc. 76: 356 (1978)
Distribution: Macedonia; SW-Bulgaria; N-Greece; ?Albania
13 BUL GRC NMA
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria graeca var. gussichiae Degen & Dörfl., Beitr. Fl. Alb.: 38 (1897)
species :
Fritillaria hajastanica (Gabrieljan) Gabrieljan; Takhtajania 3: 5 (2016)
Distribution: Armenia
33 ARM
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria pinardii ssp. hajastanica Gabrieljan, Fl. Armenii 10: 82 (2001)
species :
Fritillaria hermonis Fenzl; Kotschy, Pl. Syr. Exsicc. (1855)
subspecies :
subsp. hermonis
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon)
34 LEB TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria crassifolia var. hermonis (Fenzl) Boiss., Fl. 5: 183 (1882)
subspecies :
subsp. amana Rix; Kew Bull., 29(4): 647 (1974 publ. 1975)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia); Lebanon (Antilebanon)
34 LEB TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria amana (Rix) R.Wallis & R.B.Wallis, Plantsman, n. s., 1: 114 (2002)
= Fritillaria amana (Rix) Tekcen, Ill. Fl. Turkey Vol. 2. 820 (2018), isonym
species :
Fritillaria imperialis L.; Sp. Pl. 303 (1753)
Name: Kaiserkrone (DE)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, SE-Anatolia); Iran (EC-Iran, W-Iran); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Afghanistan (Badakshan, Farah, Ghazni, Helmand, Kabul, Kunar / Nuristan, Laghman, Logar, Paktia / Khost, Parwan, Takhar); Pakistan (Kurram, Waziristan, Chitral); NW-India (Jammu & Kashmir); Croatia [c]; Germany [I]; Hungary [I]
11 ger hun 13 cro 34 AFG IRN IRQ TUR 40 IND PAK
Remarks: Subgen. Petilium
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria aintabensis Post, Bull. Herb. Boiss. iii 164 (1895)
= Fritillaria corona-imperialis Gaertn., Fruct. 1: 64 t. 7 (1788)
= Fritillaria corona-imperialis Panz., Pflanzensyst. 2: 276 (1784)
= Fritillaria imperialis var. longipetala auct., Garden (London 1871-1927) 56: t. 1247 (1899)
= Fritillaria imperialis var. maxima Eeden, Album Fl. Haarlem, Duch. Bulb Pl.: t. 34 (1872)
= Fritillaria imperialis var. rubra-maxima auct., Florileg. Haarlem: t. 9 (1896)
= Imperialis comosa Moench, Meth. 305 (1794)
= Imperialis coronata Dum.Cours., Bot. Cult. ed. II. 2: 196 (1811)
= Imperialis superba Mirb., Hist. Pl. ed. II. (1804) 8: 274
= Lilium persicum E.H.L.Krause, Sturn, Fl. Deutschland, ed. 2, 1: 90 (1906)
= Petilium imperiale (L.) J.St.-Hil., Expos. 1: 120 (1805)
variant :
var. inodora Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk Bot. Sada 8: 653 (1884)
Distribution: E-Tajikistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan
32 KGZ TZK UZB
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria eduardii Regel, Act. Hort. Petrop. 8: (1884) 653. t. 2
= Fritillaria imperialis var. eduardii (Regel) auct., J. Roy. Hort. Soc. 64(Proc.): lxxiv (1939)
= Fritillaria imperialis var. inodora-purpurea Regel, Gartenflora 33: 257 (1884)
= Petilium eduardii (Regel) Vved., Fl. Uzbekist., ed. Schreder, 1: 473 (1941)
= Fritillaria eduardii var. inodora (Regel) Wietsma, Taxon 60(6): 1758 (2011)
variant :
var. kashmirensis Wietsma; Pl. Syst. Evol. 301(3): 1052 (2014)
Distribution: NW-India (Jammu & Kashmir)
40 IND
species :
Fritillaria involucrata All.; Auct. Fl. Pedem. 34 (1789)
Distribution: SE-France; NW-Italy (SE-Alps)
12 FRA 13 ITA
species :
Fritillaria japonica Miq.; Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 3: 158
Distribution: Japan (Honshu, Shikoku)
38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Baimo cirrhosa Raf., Fl. Tellur. 4: 27 (1836)
= Fritillaria japonica f. tamagawae Naruh., J. Jap. Bot. 93(2): 133 (2018)
= Fritillaria muraiana f. takedae Naruh., J. Jap. Bot. 93(2): 133 (2018)
= Fritillaria muraiana Ohwi, Acta Phytotax. & Geobot., Kyoto, 6: 150 (1937)
= Fritillaria japonica var. alba H.Hara & Kanai, J. Jap. Bot. 32(6): 189 (1957)
variant :
var. koidzumiana (Ohwi) Hara & Kanai; J. Jap. Bot. 32: 188 (1957)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria koidzumiana Ohwi, Journ. Jap. Bot., 13: 441 (1937)
= Fritillaria koidzumiana f. takahashii Naruh., J. Jap. Bot. 93(2): 133 (2018)
species :
Fritillaria kaiensis Naruh.; J. Geobot., 26(4): 90 (1979)
Distribution: Japan
38 JAP
species :
Fritillaria karelinii (Fisch. ex D.Don) Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 268 (1874)
Distribution: China (Xinjiang); Kazakhstan; Pakistan (Baluchistan, Quetta); Tajikistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Turkmenistan
32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 36 CHI 40 PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria karelinii var. albiflora X.Z.Duan & X.J.Zheng, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 25(1): 63 (1987)
= Rhinopetalum karelinii Fisch. ex D.Don, Edinburgh New Philos. J. 8: 19 (1830)
species :
Fritillaria kittaniae Sorger; Herbertia, 43(2): 38 (1987 publ. 1988)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Fritillaria kiusiana L.Hill; Bot. Mag. (Kew Mag.) 33(3): 283 (2016)
Distribution: Japan
38 JAP
species :
Fritillaria kolbintsevii Ruksans & Zubov; Int. Rock Gard. 141: 16, photogrs. (2021)
Distribution: Kazakstan
species :
Fritillaria kordestanica Advay; Phytotaxa 554(1): 70 (2022)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Fritillaria kotschyana Herb.; Lindl. Bot. Reg. (1844) Misc. 43
Distribution: Iran (EC-Iran, N-Iran)
34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria latifolia var. kotschyana (Herb.) Boiss., Fl. 5: 178 (1882)
species :
Fritillaria kurdica Boiss. & Noë; Diagn. Ser. II. 4: 103 (1859)
Distribution: Turkey (SE-Anatolia); NW-Iran; W-Iran; N-Iraq; Armenia; Azerbaijan (incl. Talysh)
33 ARM AZE 34 IRN IRQ TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria crassifolia ssp. kurdica (Boiss. & Noë) Rix, Kew Bull., 29 (4): 638 (1974) (1975)
= Fritillaria foliosa Bornm., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 27: 338 (1930)
= Fritillaria grossheimiana Losinsk., Kom., Fl. URSS, 4: 313, 739 (1935)
= Fritillaria karadaghensis Turrill, Gard. Chron. 1929. Ser. III. 85: 242, et in Kew Bull., 488 (1930)
= Fritillaria wanensis Freyn, Bull. Herb. Boiss. Ser. II. 1: 287 (1901)
species :
Fritillaria lagodechiana Kharkev.; Novit. Syst. Pl. Vasc., Acad. Sci. URSS, 42 (1966)
Distribution: Azerbaijan; Armenia; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus] (Kakheti)
33 ARM AZE GEO NCS
Remarks: sometimes included in F. crassifolia
species :
Fritillaria latakiensis Rix; Kew Bull. 30: 161 (1975)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia); Lebanon (C-Lebanon); Syria (W-Syrian Mountains)
34 LEB SYR TUR
species :
Fritillaria latifolia Willd.; Sp. Pl. 2, 1: 92 (1799)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia); Iran (N-Iran); Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia [Caucasus] (Abkhazia, Racha-Lechkhumi, Mtiuleti, Kartli, Meskheti)
33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria dzhabavae A.P.Khokhr., Byull. Mosk. Obshch. Ispyt. Prir., Biol., 96(4): 106 (1991)
= Fritillaria esculenta Adams, Weber & Mohr, Beitr. 1: 52 (1805)
= Fritillaria lutea var. latifolia (Willd.) Baker, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 259 (1874)
= Fritillaria nobilis Baker, Bot. Mag. t. 7500 (1896), nom. illeg.
= Fritillaria orientalis Willd. ex Ledeb., Fl. Ross. 4: 145
species :
Fritillaria legionensis Llamas & J.Andrés; Lagascalia, 11(1): 68 (1983)
Distribution: NW-Spain (Cordillera Cantabrica, Montes de León)
12 SPA
species :
Fritillaria liliacea Lindl.; Bot. Reg. sub t. 1663 (1834)
Name: Fragrant fritillary
Distribution: USA (California, Marin Co.)
Conservation Status: of conservation concern
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria alba Kellogg, Proc. Acad. Calif. 1: 45 (1873)
= Liliorhiza lanceolata Kellogg, Proc. Calif. Acad. 2: 48 (1863)
species :
Fritillaria lusitanica Wikstr.; Kungl. Svenska Vet.-Acad. Handl. 1821: 352 (1821)
Distribution: Spain; Portugal; Gibraltar
12 GIB POR SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria boissieri Costa, Suplem. Fl. Catal. 72 (1877)
= Fritillaria hispanica Boiss. & Reut., Diagn. Ser. II. 4: 101 (1859)
= Fritillaria lusitanica ssp. hispanica (Boiss. & Reut.) K.Richt., Pl. Eur. 1: 213 (1890)
= Fritillaria maria Sennen, Diagn. Nouv. Pl. Espagne & Maroc 1928-35, 222 (1936)
= Fritillaria messanensis Boiss., Voy. Bot. Espagne, 2: 610 (1842), nom. illeg.
= Fritillaria messanensis ssp. boissieri (Costa) Malag., Las Subesp. y Variac. Geogr.: 25 (1973)
= Fritillaria messanensis ssp. hispanica (Boiss.) Malag., Las Subesp. y Variac. Geogr.: 25 (1973)
= Fritillaria messanensis ssp. lusitanica (Wikstr.) Malag., Las Subesp. y Variac. Geogr.: 25 (1973)
= Fritillaria nervosa Unio, Itin. (1829), ex Baker, in J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 261 (1874)
= Fritillaria nigra ssp. boissieri (Costa) O.Bolòs & Vigo, Fl. Paí¯sos Catalans 4: 81 (2001)
= Fritillaria pyrenaica ssp. boissieri (Costa) Vigo & Valdés, Willdenowia 34: 64 (2004)
= Fritillaria pyrenaica ssp. hispanica (Boiss. & Reut.) Vigo, Arxius Secc. Ci. Inst. Estud. Catalans 37: 104 (1968)
species :
Fritillaria macedonica Bornm.; Feddes Repert. 19: 200 (1923)
Distribution: Albania; Macedonia
13 ALB NMA
species :
Fritillaria macrocarpa Coss. ex Batt.; Contrib. Fl. Atlant. 89 (1919)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria lusitanica ssp. macrocarpa (Coss. ex Batt.) Valdés, Lagascalia, 18(2): 327 (1996)
= Fritillaria messanensis var. macrocarpa (Coss. ex Batt.) Jahand. & Maire, Cat. Pl. Maroc 1: 126 (1931)
species :
Fritillaria maximowiczii Freyn; Österr. Bot. Z. 53(1): 21-22 (1903)
Distribution: China (Hebei, Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning); Siberia (E-Siberia); Russian Far East (Amur, Primorye)
30 SIB 31 RFE 36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria maximowiczii f. flaviflora Q.S.Sun & H.C.Lo, Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin 15(3): 333 (1995)
species :
Fritillaria melananthera (Rix) Tekcen & Advay; Nordic J. Bot. 33(5): 529 (2015)
Distribution: SE-Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria assyriaca ssp. melananthera Rix, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh, 41(1): 52 (1983)
species :
Fritillaria meleagris L.; Sp. Pl. 304 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. meleagris
Name: Echte Schachblume (DE)
Distribution: Austria; +Belgium [I]; England; Slovakia; France; Germany [I]; Switzerland; Netherlands; Hungary; Italy; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Serbia & Kosovo; ?Montenegro; Slovenia; Croatia; Poland; Romania; European Russia (C-European Russia, W-European Russia); Ukraine; Denmark [I]; Finland [I]; Norway [I]; Sweden [I]; Siberia (Altai, W-Siberia); Kazakhstan; Latvia [I]
10 den fin GRB nor swe 11 AUT bgm ger HUN NET POL SLO SWI 12 FRA 13 BIH CRO ITA ROM SLV SRB 14 lat RUS UKR 30 SIB 32 KAZ
Remarks: meleagris agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria contorta Baker, Gard. Chron., n. s., 25: 681 (1886)
= Fritillaria graminifolia Stokes, Bot. Mal. Med. 2: 235 (1812)
= Fritillaria lutea Rchb., Ic. Fl. Germ. 10. t. 975 (1848)
= Fritillaria major Baker, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 254 (1874)
= Fritillaria meleagris ssp. delphinensis Bonnier & Layens, Tabl. Syn. Pl. Vasc. France 295 (1894)
= Fritillaria meleagris var. angustifolia Merrem, 149 (1809)
= Fritillaria meleagris var. contorta (Baker) W.Mill, Bailey, Cycl. Amer. Hort.: 611 (1900)
= Fritillaria meleagris var. latifolia Merrem, 149 (1809)
= Fritillaria meleagris var. serotina Pers., 359 (1805)
= Fritillaria montana Sang., Atti Acad. Pont. Lincei, Ser. I. 15: 29 (1862)
= Fritillaria pallida Salisb., Prod. 237 (1796)
= Fritillaria praecox K.Koch, Ind. Sem. Hort. Berol. (1855) App. 10
= Fritillaria tessellata Salisb., Prod. 236 (1796)
= Lilium meleagris (L.) E.H.L.Krause, Sturn, Fl. Deutschland, ed. 2, 1: 91 (1906)
subspecies :
subsp. burnatii (Planch.) Rix; Bot. Jour. Linn. Soc. 76: 35 (1978)
Distribution: SE-France; S-Switzerland; NW-Italy
11 SWI 12 FRA 13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria burnatii (Planch.) Backh., Gard. Chron., n. s., 11: 685 (1879)
= Fritillaria delphinensis ssp. burnatii (Planch.) K.Richt., Pl. Eur. 1: 212 (1890)
= Fritillaria delphinensis var. burnatii Planch., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 20: 115 (1873)
= Fritillaria tubiformis var. burnatii (Planch.) Rouy, Fl. France 12: 404 (1910)
species :
Fritillaria meleagroides Patrin ex Schult.fil.; Syst. Veg. 7: 395 (1829)
Distribution: WC-Bulgaria; European Russia (C-European Russia, E-European Russia); Ukraine; Siberia (W-Siberia); China (Xinjiang); Kazakhstan; Northern Caucasus
13 BUL 14 RUS UKR 30 SIB 32 KAZ 33 NCS 36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria longifolia Steven ex Ledeb., Fl. Ross. 4: 146 (1852)
= Fritillaria meleagroides var. flavovirens X.Z.Duan & X.J.Zheng, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 25(1): 58 (1987)
= Fritillaria meleagroides var. plena X.Z.Duan & X.J.Zheng, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 27: 309 (1989)
= Fritillaria meleagroides var. rhodantha X.Z.Duan & X.J.Zheng, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 27: 309 (1989)
= Fritillaria pyrenaica Georgi, Beschr. Russ. Reich. III. 4: 900 (1775), sensu auct.
species :
Fritillaria messanensis Raf.; Desv., Jour. Bot. Appl. 4: 272 (1814)
subspecies :
subsp. messanensis
Distribution: Sicily; S-Italy; Greece
13 GRC ITA SIC
Remarks: messanensis agg.
subspecies :
subsp. gracilis (Ebel) Rix; Bot. J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 76: 356 (1978)
Distribution: Macedonia; N-Albania; Greece; Croatia
13 ALB CRO GRC NMA
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria gracilis (Ebel) Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 3: 192 (1905)
= Fritillaria lusitanica ssp. neglecta (Parl.) K.Richt., Pl. Eur. 1: 213 (1890)
= Fritillaria lusitanica var. neglecta (Parl.) Baker, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 261 (1875)
= Fritillaria messanensis ssp. neglecta (Parl.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 721 (1882)
= Fritillaria montana var. gracilis (Ebel) Griseb., Spic. Fl. Rumel. 2: 517 (1846)
= Fritillaria neglecta Parl., Fl. Ital. 2: 415 (1857)
= Lilium gracile Ebel, Zwölf Tage auf Montenegro, 8. t. 1 (1842)
subspecies :
subsp. sphaciotica (Gand.) Kamari & Phitos; Willdenowia 36(1): 225 (2006)
Distribution: Greece; Crete
13 GRC KRI
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria sphaciotica Gand., Bull. Soc. Bot. France, 62: 156 (1915) (1916)
species :
Fritillaria michailovskyi Fomin; Monit. Jard. Bot. Tiflis 1: 18 (1905)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, Erzurum to Kars)
34 TUR
species :
Fritillaria micrantha A.Heller; Muhlenbergia, 6: 83(1910)
Name: Brown fritillary
Distribution: USA (E-California)
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria parviflora Torr., Pacif. Rail. Rep. 4: 146 (1857) (not Mart. 1838)
= Fritillaria multiflora Kellogg, Prec. Calif. Acad. 1: 57 (1855)
= Fritillaria purpusii Purdy
species :
Fritillaria milasensis Tekcen & Aytaç; Israel J. Pl. Sci. 52: 347 (2004)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Fritillaria minima Rix; Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 31: 127, f. 1B (1971)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, around, Lake Van)
34 TUR
species :
Fritillaria minuta Boiss. & Noë; Boiss., Diagn. ser. 2, 4: 104 (1859)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia); Iran (Iranian Aserbaijan)
34 IRN TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria carduchorum Rix, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh, 31 (1): 125 (1971)
species :
Fritillaria monantha Migo; J. Shanghai Sci. Inst. sect. 3, 4: 139 (1939)
Distribution: China (Anhui, Henan, Hubei, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Zhejiang)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria guizhouensis Y.K.Yang, S.Z.He & J.K.Wu, Bull. Bot. Res. North-East. Forest. Inst., 12(3): 263 (1992)
= Fritillaria huangshanensis f. tonglingensis (S.C.Chen & S.F.Yin) Y.K.Yang & Y.H.Zhang, J. Wuhan Bot. Res. 5(2): 141-142 (1987)
= Fritillaria huangshanensis Y.K.Yang & C.J.Wu, Acta Bot. Boreal.-Occid. Sin. 5(1): 41-44, f. 9 (1985)
= Fritillaria hupehensis P.K.Hsiao & K.C.Hsia, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 15(2): 40-41, t.4, f.1 (1977)
= Fritillaria lichuanensis P.Li & C.P.Yang, J. Nanjing Coll. Pharm. 16(3): 27-28, f. 2 (1985)
= Fritillaria monantha var. ningguoica Y.K.Yang & M.M.Fang, J. Wuhan Bot. Res. 5(2): 143 (1987)
= Fritillaria monantha var. tonglingensis S.C.Chen & S.F.Yin, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 21(1): 101, f. 1: 2 (1983)
= Fritillaria ningguoensis S.C.Chen & S.F.Yin, Acta Bot. Yunnan. 7(3): 306-307, pl, f. 1,1-4 (1985)
= Fritillaria puqiensis G.D.Yu & C.Y.Chen, J. Nanjing Coll. Pharm. 16(3): 28-29, f. 3 (1985)
= Fritillaria qimenensis D.C.Zhang & J.Z.Shao, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 29(5): 474-475, f. 1 (1991)
= Fritillaria thunbergii var. puqiensis (G.D.Yu & C.Y.Chen) P.K.Hsiao & S.C.Yu, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 30(3): 278 (1992)
= Fritillaria wanjiangensis Y.K.Yang, J.Z.Shao & Y.H.Zhang, J. Wuhan Bot. Res. 5(2): 141, f. 14 (1987)
species :
Fritillaria mughlae Tekcen & Aytaç; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 45(2): 141 (2008)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Fritillaria mutabilis Kamari; A. Strid & Kit Tan (eds.), Mount. Fl. Greece, 2: 679 (1991)
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
species :
Fritillaria obliqua Ker Gawl.; Bot. Mag. 22: 857 (1805)
subspecies :
subsp. obliqua
Distribution: S-Greece (Attiki)
13 GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria tristis Heldr. & Sart., Boiss. Diagn. Ser. II. 4: 104 (1859)
subspecies :
subsp. tuntasia (Heldr. ex Halácsy) Kamari; Bot. Chronika, 10: 259 (1991)
Distribution: Greece (Kyklades: Kithnos)
13 GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria tuntasia Heldr. ex Halácsy, Consp. Fl. Graec. 3: 222 (1904)
species :
Fritillaria ojaiensis Davidson; Bull. S. Calif. Acad. Sc., 21: 41 (1922)
Name: Ojai fritillary
Distribution: USA (California)
Conservation Status: of conservation concern
species :
Fritillaria olgae Vved.; B. Fedtsch. & al., Fl. Turkm. 1: 297 (1932)
Distribution: China (Xinjiang); Tajikistan; Uzbekistan; Turkmenistan
32 TKM TZK UZB 36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria serawschanica O.Fedtsch. ex Losinsk., Kom., Fl. URSS, 4: 314 (1935) (in syn.)
species :
Fritillaria olivieri Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. London Bot. 14: 261 (1874)
Distribution: Iran (Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran)
34 IRN
species :
Fritillaria oranensis Pomel; Nouv. Mat. Fl. Atl. 253, Poit. in Rev. Hortic. 80 (1881)
Distribution: Algeria; Morocco; Tunisia
20 ALG MOR TUN
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria lusitanica ssp. oranensis (Pomel) Valdés, Lagascalia, 18(2): 327 (1996)
= Fritillaria lusitanica var. algeriensis Baker, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 261 (1874)
= Fritillaria messanensis ssp. algeriensis (Baker) Maire ex Quézel & Santa, Nouv. Fl. Alg. 2: 1121 (1963)
= Fritillaria messanensis ssp. atlantica (Maire) Maire ex Quézel & Santa, Nouv. Fl. Alg. 2: 1121 (1963)
= Fritillaria messanensis ssp. glauca (Maire ex Quézel & Santa) Maire ex Quézel & Santa, Nouv. Fl. Alg. 2: 1121 (1963)
= Fritillaria messanensis var. algeriensis (Baker) Maire ex Quézel & Santa, Nouv. Fl. Alg. 1: 196 (1962)
= Fritillaria messanensis var. atlantica Maire, Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 22: 318 (1931)
= Fritillaria messanensis var. glauca Maire ex Quézel & Santa, Nouv. Fl. Alg. 1: 197 (1962)
= Fritillaria messanensis var. oranensis (Pomel) Batt., Cat. Pl. Maroc 1: 126 (1931)
= Fritillaria munbyi Baker, Gard. Chron. 1877(1): 45 (1877)
species :
Fritillaria orientalis Adams; F. Weber & D. M. H. Mohr (eds.), Beitr. Naturk. 1: 50 (1805)
Name: Zarte Schachblume
Distribution: France; Albania; Bulgaria; Greece; Italy; Romania; Slovenia; Croatia; Ukraine; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]
12 FRA 13 ALB BUL CRO GRC ITA ROM SLV 14 UKR 33 GEO NCS
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria caussolensis Goaty & Pons ex Ardoino, Fl. Alp. Marit. 75 (1867)
= Fritillaria involucrata ssp. caussolensis (Goaty & Pons ex Ardoino) Arcang., Comp. Fl. Ital. ed. 2: ? (1894)
= Fritillaria degeniana J.Wagner, Magyar Bot. Lapok 5: 189 (1906)
= Fritillaria gawleri Jaub. & Spach, Illustr. 5: 110 (1857)
= Fritillaria intermedia A.Terracc., Atti Reale Accad. Sci. Napoli, II, 8(9): 5 (1900)
= Fritillaria montana Hoppe, Flora, 15: (1832) II. 476
= Fritillaria orsiniana Parl., Fl. Ital. 2: 411 (1857)
= Fritillaria pollinensis A.Terracc., Atti Reale Accad. Sci. Napoli, II, 8(9): 5 (1900)
= Fritillaria pyrenaica var. multiflora Ker Gawl., Bot. Mag. 18: t. 664 (1803)
= Fritillaria tenella ssp. orsiniana (Parl.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 722 (1882)
= Fritillaria tenella var. micrantha Beck ex Fiori & Paol., A. Fiori & al., Fl. Italia 5: 46 (1909)
= Fritillaria tenella M.Bieb., Fl. Taur. Caucasus 1: 269 (1808)
species :
Fritillaria ozdemir-elasmii Yildirim & Tekcen; Ill. Fl. Turkey Vol. 2. 872 (2018)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Fritillaria pallidiflora Schrenk; Enum. Pl. Nov. 1: 5 (1842)
Distribution: Kyrgyzstan (Ala Tau, Tianshan); China (Xinjiang); Kazakhstan
32 KAZ KGZ 36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Petilium pallidiflora Regel
= Fritillaria bolensis G.Z.Zhang & Y.M.Liu, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 22(2): 158-159, f. 1 (1984)
= Fritillaria halabulanica X.Z.Duan & X.J.Zheng, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 25(1): 57-58, pl. 1, f. 1 (1987)
= Fritillaria pallidiflora var. plena X.Z.Duan & X.J.Zheng, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 27: 306 (1989)
= Fritillaria pallidiflora var. halabulanica (X.Z.Duan & X.J.Zheng) G.J.Liu, FI. Xinjiangensis, 6: 507 (1996)
species :
Fritillaria persica L.; Sp. Pl. 304 (1753)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia); Cyprus (E-Cyprus, S-Cyprus); Iran (EC-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq); Israel (Rift Valley, N-Israel, N-Negev Desert); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, C-Syrian Desert, NW-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains); Italy [I]
13 ita 34 CYP IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Theresia
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria arabica Gand., Bull. Soc. Bot. France, 66: 291 (1919) (1920)
= Fritillaria eggeri Bornm., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 27: 340 (1930)
= Fritillaria libanotica (Boiss.) Baker, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 270 (1874)
= Fritillaria nobilis Salisb., Prod. 236 (1796)
= Theresia libanotica Boiss., Diagn. Ser. I. 13: 20 (1854)
= Theresia persica (L.) K.Koch, Linnaea, 22: 233 (1849)
= Tozzettia persica (L.) Parl., Nuov. Gen. e Spec. 13 (1854)
species :
Fritillaria phitosii Kamari, Zahos & Siagou; Phytotaxa 328(3): 231 (2017)
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
species :
Fritillaria pinardii Boiss.; Diagn. ser. 1, 7: 106 (1846)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia); Iran (Iranian Aserbaijan); Lebanon (C-Lebanon); Armenia
33 ARM 34 IRN LEB TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria alpina Freyn & Sint., Oest. Bot. Zeitschr. 44: 327 (1894)
= Fritillaria syriaca Hayek & Siehe, Ann. Nat. Hofmus. Wien, 28: 184 (1914)
= Theresia pinardii (Boiss.) Klatt, Hamb. Gartenz. 16: 439 (1860)
species :
Fritillaria pinetorum A.Davidson; Muhlenbergia, 4: 67 (1908)
Name: Pinewoods fritillary
Distribution: USA (California, S-Sa. Nevada)
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria atropurpurea var. pinetorum (A.Davidson) I.M.Johnst., Pl. World 22: 84 (1919)
species :
Fritillaria pluriflora Torr. ex Benth.; Pl. Hartw. 338 (1857)
Name: Adobe-lily
Distribution: USA (California, Sa. Nevada/Calif.)
Conservation Status: of conservation concern
Synonyms: hidden
= Liliorhiza piattiana Kellogg ex Curran, Bull. Calif. Acad. 1: IV. 150 (1885)
species :
Fritillaria poluninii (Rex) Bakhshi Khan. & K.Perss.; Nordic J. Bot., 17(6): 608 (1997 publ. 1998)
Distribution: N-Iran; Iraq
34 IRN IRQ
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria crassifolia ssp. poluninii Rix, Kew Bull., 29(4): 643 (1974) (1975)
species :
Fritillaria pontica Wahlenb.; Isis 21: 984 (1828)
Distribution: Albania; Bulgaria; Greece; Macedonia; ?Serbia & Kosovo; Turkey (N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia); East Aegaean Isl.; European Turkey
13 ALB BUL GRC NMA TUE 34 EAI TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria olympica K.Koch, Linnaea, 22: 232 (1849)
= Fritillaria pyrenaica d´Urv., Mem. Soc. L. Par. 1: 294 (1822)
= Fritillaria theophrasti Kamari & Phitos, Biol. Gallo-Hellen. 26(Suppl.): 70 (2000)
species :
Fritillaria przewalskii Maxim. ex Batalin; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 13(1): 105 (1893)
Distribution: China (S-Gansu, E-Qinghai, Sichuan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria gansuensis S.C.Chen & G.D.Yu, Acta Bot. Yunnan. 7(2): 148-149, f. 2 (1985)
= Fritillaria przewalskii f. emacula Y.K.Yang & J.K.Wu, Acta Bot. Boreal.-Occid. Sin. 5(1): 40 (1985)
= Fritillaria przewalskii var. discolor Y.K.Yang & Y.S.Zhou, Acta Bot. Boreal.-Occid. Sin. 5(1): 40 (1985)
= Fritillaria przewalskii var. gannanica Y.K.Yang & J.Z.Ren, J. Wuhan Bot. Res., 5(2): 132 (1987)
= Fritillaria przewalskii var. tessellata Y.K.Yang & Y.S.Zhou, Acta Bot. Boreal.-Occid. Sin. 5(1): 39 (1985)
species :
Fritillaria pudica (Pursh) Spreng.; Syst. 2: 64 (1825)
Name: Yellow fritillary
Distribution: USA (California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, North Dakota, New Mexico, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, Washington State, Wyoming); Canada (Alberta, British Columbia)
73 USA 76 USA 77 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Amblirion pudicum (Pursh) Raf., Am. Monthly Mag. 265 (1818)
= Amblirion pudicum var. biflorum Torr., S. Howard, Expl. Surv. Great Salt Lake: 396 (1852)
= Fritillaria dichroa Gand., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 66: 291 (1919 publ. 1920)
= Fritillaria leucella Gand., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 66: 291 (1919 publ. 1920)
= Fritillaria oregonensis Gand., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 66: 291 (1919 publ. 1920)
= Fritillaria oreodoxa Gand., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 66: 291 (1919 publ. 1920)
= Fritillaria utahensis Gand., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 66: 291 (1919 publ. 1920)
= Fritillaria washingtonensis Gand., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 66: 291 (1919 publ. 1920)
= Lilium pudicum Pursh, Fl. Am. Sept. 1: 228. t. 8 (1814)
= Ochrocodon pudicus (Pursh) Rydb., Fl. Rocky Mts. 164 (1917)
= Theresia pudica (Pursh) Klatt, Hamb. Gartenz. 16: 439 (1860)
= Tulipa pudica (Pursh) Raf., Atlantic J.: 153 (1833)
species :
Fritillaria purdyi Eastw.; Bull. Torr. Bot. Club, 75 (1902)
Name: Purdy’s fritillary
Distribution: USA (California, Oregon)
73 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria biflora var. inflexa Jeps., Fl. Calif. 1: 306 (1921)
species :
Fritillaria pyrenaica L.; Sp. Pl. 304 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. pyrenaica
Name: Pyrenäen-Schachblume
Distribution: SC-France; Andorra; NW-Spain (Pyrenees)
12 ADO FRA SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria aquitanica Mill., Gard. Dict. ed. VIII. n. 2 (1768)
= Fritillaria linophylla Doum. ex Nyman, Consp. 721 (1882)
= Fritillaria lurida Salisb., Prod. 237 (1796)
= Fritillaria nervosa Willd., Enum. Hort. Berol. 364 (1809)
= Fritillaria nigra Mill., Gard. Dict. ed. 8: 3 (1768)
= Fritillaria pyrenaea Gren., Acad. Sc. Besanc. Seances Publ. 147 (1838)
= Fritillaria pyrenaica var. lutescens Lindl. ex Baker, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 261 (1874)
= Fritillaria racemosa Ker Gawl., Bot. Mag. 24: t. 952 (1806), nom. superfl.
= Fritillaria tardiflora Lehm. ex Schult. & Schult.fil., Syst. 7: 399 (1829)
= Fritillaria umbellata Mill., Gard. Dict. ed VIII. n. 5 (1768)
subspecies :
subsp. falcata (E.Rico) R.Alonso, Paz & M.E.García; Novon 23(2): 128 (2014)
Distribution: NW-Spain; N-Portugal
12 POR SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria caballeroi F.M.Vázquez, Folia Bot. Extremadur. (2009), nom. nov.
= Fritillaria falcata Caball., An. Jard. Bot. Madrid, 7: 650 (1948)
= Fritillaria lusitanica f. falcata (Caball.) E.Rico, An. Jard. Bot. Madrid, 41(2): 417 (1984) (1985)
= Fritillaria nervosa ssp. falcata (Caball.) Fern.-Arias & Devesa, Stud. Bot. (Salamanca), 9: 62 (1990) (1991)
species :
Fritillaria raddeana Regel; Acta Horti Petrop. 10: 365 (1887)
Distribution: Iran (NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran); Turkmenistan; India (Jammu & Kashmir)
32 TKM 34 IRN 40 IND
Remarks: Subgen. Petilium
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria marc-michelii Freyn & Sint. ex Bornm., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 27: 345 (1930) (in syn.)
= Petilium raddeanum (Regel) Vved. ex Pall.
= Fritillaria askabadensis Micheli, J. Soc. Natl. Hort. France, IV, 1902: 145 (1902)
species :
Fritillaria recurva Benth.; Pl. Hartw. 340 (1857)
Name: Scarlet fritillary
Distribution: USA (California, Nevada, Oregon)
73 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria coccinea (Greene) Greene, Pittonia, 2: (1892) 250, et Man. Bot. San Franc. Bay 310 (1894)
= Fritillaria recurva var. coccinea Greene, Pittonia 2: 230 (1892)
= Fritillaria liliacea Torr.
species :
Fritillaria regelii Losinsk.; Kom., Fl. URSS, 4: 314, 739 (1935)
Distribution: Tajikistan (Tianshan)
32 TZK
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria olgae ssp. regelii (Losinsk.) Kamelin
species :
Fritillaria reuteri Boiss.; Diagn. ser. 1, 5: 57 (1844)
Distribution: Iran (EC-Iran, W-Iran)
34 IRN
species :
Fritillaria rhodia A.Hansen; Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 29: 329 (1969)
Name: Rhodische Schachblume (DE); Rhodian Fritillary (EN)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl. (Rhodos)
34 EAI
species :
Fritillaria rhodocanakis Orph.; Atti Congr. Bot. Fir. 1874 (1876) 214, nomen, Baker, in Journ. Bot. 16: 323 (1878)
subspecies :
subsp. rhodocanakis
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
subspecies :
subsp. argolica Zaharof; Willdenowia, 16(2): 348 (1987)
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria spetsiotica Kamari, Bot. Chronika, 10: 259 (1991)
species :
Fritillaria rugillosa Naumenko & Zubov; Int. Rock Gard. 140: 10, figs. 1.2-1.7, 2, 3, 5, 6 & 7.10 (2021)
Distribution: Kyrgyzstan
32 KGZ
species :
Fritillaria ruthenica Wikstr.; Kungl. Svenska Vet.-Acad. Handl. 1821: 353 (1821)
Distribution: Bulgaria; Romania; European Russia (C-European Russia, E-European Russia); Ukraine; Northern Caucasus; Siberia (W-Siberia); Kazakhstan
13 BUL ROM 14 RUS UKR 30 SIB 32 KAZ 33 NCS
Synonyms: hidden
= Corona leucantha Fisch. ex Graham, Edinb. N. Phil. Journ. 21: 158 (1836)
= Fritillaria heterophylla Sol. ex Baker, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 258 (1874)
= Fritillaria minor Ledeb., Fl. Alt. 2: 34 (1830)
species :
Fritillaria saldaensis Schilke; Florist. Rundbr. 33 (2): 102 (2000), nom. inval.
Distribution: Turkey (Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Fritillaria serpenticola (Rix) Tekcen & Aytaç; Israel J. Pl. Sci. 52(4): 351 (2005)
Distribution: S-Turkey (Antalya)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria carica ssp. serpenticola Rix, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh, 41(1): 52 (1983)
species :
Fritillaria sewerzowii Regel; Bull. Soc. Nat. Mosc. 41: (1868) I. 443
Distribution: Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Uzbekistan; Kazakhstan
32 KAZ KGZ TZK UZB
Synonyms: hidden
= Korolkowia discolor Regel, Gartenfl. 35: (1886) 349, et in Gard. Chron. (1888) 1: 105
= Korolkowia sewerzowii Regel, Gartenfl. 163 (1873), et in Act. Hort. Petrop. 2: 320 (1873)
= Korolkowia sewertzowii lus.viridiflora Priszter, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung., 22(1-2): 207 1976 (1977) (without type)
species :
Fritillaria shikokiana Naruh.; J. Geobot., 26 (4): 88 (1979)
Distribution: Japan
38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria shikokiana f. yamadae Naruh., J. Jap. Bot. 93(2): 135 (2018)
species :
Fritillaria sibthorpiana (Sm.) Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 275 (1874)
subspecies :
subsp. sibthorpiana
Distribution: SW-Turkey (Marmaris, Mulga Prov.); East Aegaean Isl.
34 EAI TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa sibthorpiana Sm., Sibth. & Sm., Prodr. Fl. Graec. 1: 229 (1809)
= Amblirion grecum Raf., Fl. Tellur. 2: 35 (1837)
subspecies :
subsp. enginiana Byfield & Özhatay; Karaca Arbor. Mag., 3(1): 9 (1995)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria enginiana (Byfield & Özhatay) Tekcen, Ill. Fl. Turkey Vol. 2. 846 (2018)
species :
Fritillaria sichuanica S.C.Chen; Acta Bot. Yunnan. 5(4): 371, f. 1: 6-10 (1983)
Distribution: China (S-Gansu, S-Qinghai, W-Sichuan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria chuanbeiensis var. huyabeimu Y.K.Yang & D.H.Jiang, J. Wuhan Bot. Res. 5(2): 138 (1987)
= Fritillaria chuanbeiensis Y.K.Yang, D.H.Jiang & Y.H.Yang, J. Wuhan Bot. Res., 5(2): 137 (1987)
= Fritillaria chuanganensis Y.K.Yang & J.K.Wu, Acta Bot. Boreal.-Occid. Sin. 5(1): 28-30 (1985)
= Fritillaria cirrhosa var. ecirrhosa Franch., J. Bot. (Morot) 12: 223 (1898)
= Fritillaria fujiangensis Y.K.Yang, D.H.Jiang & Y.H.Yu, J. Wuhan Bot. Res., 5(2): 139 (1987)
= Fritillaria glabra var. qingchuanensis (Y.K.Yang & J.K.Wu) S.Y.Tang & S.C.Yueh, Fl. Sichuanica 7: 73 (1991)
= Fritillaria mellea S.Y.Tang & S.C.Yueh, Acta Acad. Med. Sichuan 14(4): 329 (1983)
= Fritillaria pingwuensis Y.K.Yang & J.K.Wu, Acta Bot. Boreal.-Occid. Sin. 5(1): 26-28 (1985)
= Fritillaria przewalskii var. longistigma Y.K.Yang & J.K.Wu, Acta Bot. Boreal.-Occid. Sin. 5(1): 36 (1985)
= Fritillaria qingchuanensis Y.K.Yang & J.K.Wu, Acta Bot. Boreal.-Occid. Sin. 5(1): 25-26, f. 3 (1985)
= Fritillaria taipaiensis var. zhouquensis S.C.Chen & G.D.Yu, Acta Bot. Yunnan. 7(2): 149 (1985)
= Fritillaria wenxianensis Y.K.Yang & J.K.Wu, J. Wuhan Bot. Res. 5(2): 129 (1987)
= Fritillaria xibeiensis Y.K.Yang, C.X.Feng & H.Z.Yang, J. Wuhan Bot. Res. 5(2): 130 (1987)
species :
Fritillaria sinica S.C.Chen; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 19(4): 500-501, f. 1, 1-5 (1981)
Distribution: China (W-Sichuan)
36 CHI
species :
Fritillaria skorpili Velen.; Fl. Bulg., Suppl. 1: 260 (1898)
Distribution: Bulgaria
13 BUL
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria graeca var. skorpili (Velen.) Stoj. & Stef., Fl. Bulg.: 237 (1925)
species :
Fritillaria sonnikovae Shaulo & Erst; Turczaninowia 13(3): 46 (-47, fig.) (2010)
Distribution: Siberia (Krasnoyarsk)
30 SIB
species :
Fritillaria sororum Jim.Perss. & K.Perss.; New Planisman, 5(2): 114 (1998)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Fritillaria stenanthera (Regel) Regel; Acta Horti Petrop. 8: 652 (1883)
Distribution: Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Uzbekistan; China (Xinjiang); Kazakhstan
32 KAZ KGZ TZK UZB 36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Rhinopetalum stenantherum Regel, Act. Hort. Petrop. 3: II. 294 (1875)
species :
Fritillaria stenophylla Boiss. & Reut.; Diagn. Ser. II. 4: 100 (1859)
Distribution: SW-Spain; S-Portugal
12 POR SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria lusitanica f. stenophylla (Boiss. & Reut.) Sealy, Hooker´s Icon. Pl., 39(1-2): t. 3815, p. 3 (1980)
= Fritillaria lusitanica ssp. stenophylla (Boiss. & Reut.) Cout., Fl. Portugal, ed. 2: 158 (1939)
= Fritillaria lusitanica var. stenophylla (Boiss. & Reut.) Baker, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 260 (1874)
species :
Fritillaria straussii Bornm.; Mitt. Thür. Bot. Ver. n. s. 20: 45 (1905)
Distribution: Turkey (SE-Anatolia); Iran (W-Iran)
34 IRN TUR
species :
Fritillaria striata Eastw.; Proc. Calif. Acad. Sc. Ser. IV. 20: 136 (1931)
Name: Striped adobe-lily
Distribution: USA (California: Tulane Co., Kern Co., Greenhorn Mts.)
Conservation Status: of conservation concern
species :
Fritillaria stribrnyi Velen.; Sitz.-Ber. Böhm. Ges. Wiss. 1893(37): 161 (1893)
Distribution: S-Bulgaria; European Turkey
13 BUL TUE
Conservation Status: endangered
species :
Fritillaria taipaiensis P.Y.Li; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 11(3): 251 (1966)
Distribution: China (Gansu, Hubei, Sichuan, Shaanxi)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria chuanganensis var. glabra (P.Y.Li) Y.K.Yang & J.K.Wu, Acta Bot. Boreal.-Occid. Sin. 5(1): 30 (1985)
= Fritillaria cirrhosa f. glabra P.Y.Li, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 11(3): 251 (1966)
= Fritillaria glabra (P.Y.Li) S.C.Chen, Acta Bot. Yunnan. 5(4): 372 (1983)
= Fritillaria shaanxiica Y.K.Yang, S.X.Zhang & D.K.Zhang, J. Wuhan Bot. Res., 5(2): 133 (1987)
= Fritillaria shennongjiaensis var. zhengbaensis Y.K.Yang & J.X.Yang, J. Wuhan Bot. Res. 5(2): 137 (1987)
= Fritillaria shennongjiaensis Y.K.Yang & Z.Zheng, J. Wuhan Bot. Res., 5(2): 136 (1987)
= Fritillaria taipaiensis f. platyphylla Y.K.Yang & S.X.Zhang, J. Wuhan Bot. Res. 5(2): 134 (1987)
= Fritillaria taipaiensis var. fengxianensis Y.K.Yang & J.K.Wu, J. Wuhan Bot. Res. 5(2): 134 (1987)
= Fritillaria taipaiensis var. wanyuanensis Y.K.Yang & J.K.Wu, Acta Bot. Boreal.-Occid. Sin. 5(1): 32 (1985)
species :
Fritillaria thessala (Boiss.) Kamari; A. Strid & Kit Tan (eds.), Mount. Fl. Greece, 2: 680 (1991)
subspecies :
subsp. thessala
Distribution: S-Albania; Macedonia; ?Montenegro; Croatia; NW-Greece
13 ALB CRO GRC NMA
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria graeca ssp. thessala (Boiss.) Rix, Bot. Jour. Linn. Soc. 76: 356 (1978)
= Fritillaria graeca var. thessala Boiss., Fl. Orient. 5: 182 (1882)
= Fritillaria guicciardii ssp. thessalica Spruner ex Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 722 (1882), nom. inval.
= Fritillaria pontica var. substipelata Candargy, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 44: 450 (1898)
= Fritillaria thessalica Spruner ex Nyman, Consp. 722
subspecies :
subsp. reiseri Kamari; A. Strid & Kit Tan (eds.), Mount. Fl. Greece, 2: 682 (1991)
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria ionica ssp. reiseri (Kamari) Kamari, Willdenowia 46(3): 429 (2016)
subspecies :
subsp. ionica (Halácsy) Kamari; A. Strid & Kit Tan (eds.), Mount. Fl. Greece, 2: 682 (1991)
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria pontica var. ionica (Halácsy) Turrill, Bot.Mag., n.s., 1: t.8 (1948)
= Fritillaria ionica Halácsy, Consp. Fl. Graec. 3: 219 (1904)
= Fritillaria ionica Halácsy var. ochridana K.Micevski, Acta Bot. Croat., 37: 212 (1978)
= Fritillaria ionica ssp. thessala (Boiss.) Kamari, Willdenowia 46(3): 429 (2016)
species :
Fritillaria thunbergii Miq.; Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavum 3: 157 (1867)
Distribution: China (Anhui, Jiangsu, Zhejiang); Japan [I]; Siberia (W-Siberia); South Korea [I]
30 SIB 36 CHI 38 jap kor
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria altaica Lam. ex Schult.fil., Syst. 7: 397
= Fritillaria austroanhuiensis Y.K.Yang & J.K.Wu, Acta Bot. Boreal.-Occid. Sin. 5(1): 44-46, f. 10 (1985)
= Fritillaria chekiangensis (P.K.Hsiao & K.C.Hsia) Y.K.Yang, Z.L.Lin & C.Lin, J. Wuhan Bot. Res. 5(2): 143-144 (1987)
= Fritillaria collinicola Hance, Journ. Bot. 8: 76 (1870)
= Fritillaria leucantha Fisch. ex Schult.fil., Syst. 7: 397 (1829)
= Fritillaria scandens Fisch. ex Schult.fil., Syst. 7: 397 (1829)
= Fritillaria thunbergii var. chekiangensis P.K.Hsiao & K.C.Hsia, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 15(2): 42, t. 5, f. 5 (1977)
= Fritillaria verticillata var. thunbergii (Miq.) Baker, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14(76): 258 (1875)
= Fritillaria xiaobeimu Y.K.Yang, J.Z.Shao & M.M.Fang, J. Wuhan Bot. Res. 5(2): 142-143, f. 15 (1987)
= Uvularia cirrhosa Thunb., Fl. Jap. 136. t. 2 (1783), et L., Syst. Veg., ed. 14: 325 (1784)
species :
Fritillaria tokushimensis Akasawa, Katayama & T.Naito; Bot. Mag. 22: 194 (2005)
Distribution: Japan (Shikoku)
38 JAP
species :
Fritillaria tortifolia X.Z.Duan & X.J.Zheng; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 25(1): 59-60, pl. 1, f. 2 (1987)
Distribution: China (NW-Xinjiang)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria tortifolia var. barlikensis X.Z.Duan & X.J.Zheng, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 27: 308 (1989)
= Fritillaria tortifolia var. plena X.Z.Duan & X.J.Zheng, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 27: 307 (1989)
= Fritillaria tortifolia var. wusunica X.Z.Duan & X.J.Zheng, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 27: 308 (1989)
species :
Fritillaria tubiformis Gren. & Godr.; Mem. Soc. Émul. Doubs 2(6): 13 (1855)
Distribution: SE-France; NW-Italy (SW-Alps)
12 FRA 13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria burneti Hort.Backh., ex Gard. Chron. (1879) I. 685
= Fritillaria delphinensis Gren., Gren. & Godr. Fl. Fr. 3: 180 (1855)
= Fritillaria tubiformis var. delphinensis (Gren.) Rouy, Fl. France 12: 403 (1910)
variant :
var. moggridgei (Boiss. & Reut. ex Planch.) Rouy; Fl. France 12: 404 (1910)
Distribution: SE-France; NW-Italy (SW-Alps)
12 FRA 13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria meleagris ssp. moggridgei (Boiss. & Reut. ex Planch.) K.Richt., Pl. Eur. 1: 212 (1890)
= Fritillaria delphinensis f. moggridgei Boiss. & Reut. ex Planch., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 20: 116 (1873)
= Fritillaria moggridgei (Boiss. & Reut. ex Planch.) Cusin, Herb. Fl. Fr. 21: t. 12 (1876)
= Fritillaria tubiformis ssp. moggridgei Boiss. & Reut. ex Rix, Bot. Jour. Linn. Soc. 76: 356 (1978)
species :
Fritillaria tunievii Gabrieljan; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 49: 19 (2018)
Distribution: Armenia
33 ARM
species :
Fritillaria unibracteata P.K.Hsiao & K.C.Hsia; Acta Phytotax. Sin., 15(2): 39 (1977)
Distribution: China (S-Gansu, SE-Qinghai, NW-Sichuan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria lixianensis Y.K.Yang & J.K.Wu, Acta Bot. Bor.-Occid. Sin., 5(1): 25 (1985)
= Fritillaria sulcisquamosa S.Y.Tang & S.C.Yueh, Acta Academiae Medicinae Sichuan XIV 4: 327-334 (1983)
= Fritillaria unibracteata var. ganziensis Y.K.Yang & J.K.Wu, J. Wuhan Bot. Res., 5(2): 137 (1987)
= Fritillaria unibracteata var. maculata S.Y.Tang & S.C.Yueh, Fl. Sichuanica, 7: 60 (1991)
= Fritillaria unibracteata var. sulcisquamosa (S.Y.Tang & S.C.Yueh) P.K.Hsiao & S.C.Yu, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 30(3): 277-278 (1992)
variant :
var. longinectarea S.Y.Tang & S.C.Yueh; Fl. Sichuanica 7: 60 (1991)
Distribution: China (NW-Sichuan)
36 CHI
variant :
var. wabuensis (S.Y.Tang & S.C.Yueh) Z.D.Liu, Shu Wang & S.C.Chen; Acta Bot. Yunnan. 31(2): 145 (182) (2009)
Distribution: China (Sichuan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria wabuensis S.Y.Tang & S.C.Yueh, Acta Acad. Med. Sichuan 14(4): 331 (1983)
species :
Fritillaria ussuriensis Maxim.; Decas. Pl. Nov. 9 (1882)
Distribution: China (Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning); North Korea; Russian Far East
31 RFE 36 CHI 38 NKO
species :
Fritillaria uva-vulpis Rix; Kew Bull. 29: 65 1, f. 3 (1974)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia); Iran (Iranian Aserbaijan); Iraq (NE-Iraq)
34 IRN IRQ TUR
species :
Fritillaria verticillata Willd.; Sp. Pl. 2(1): 91 (1799)
Distribution: China (NW-Xinjiang); Kazakhstan; Siberia (W-Siberia)
30 SIB 32 KAZ 36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Corona verticillata (Willd.) Fisch. ex Graham, Edinb. N. Phil. Journ. 21: 159 (1836)
= Fritillaria albidiflora var. jimunaica (X.Z.Duan & X.J.Zheng) X.Z.Duan & X.J.Zheng, Acta Bot. Yunnan. 13(1): 14-15 (1991)
= Fritillaria albidiflora var. purpurea X.Z.Duan & X.J.Zheng, Acta Bot. Yunnan. 13(1): 15 (1991)
= Fritillaria albidiflora var. rhodanthera X.Z.Duan & X.J.Zheng, Acta Bot. Yunnan. 13(1): 15-16 (1991)
= Fritillaria albidiflora var. viridicaulina (X.Z.Duan & X.J.Zheng) X.Z.Duan & X.J.Zheng, Acta Bot. Yunnan. 13: 15 (1991), without exact basionym page.
= Fritillaria albidiflora X.Z.Duan & X.J.Zheng, Acta Bot. Yunnan. 13(1): 14-15 (1991)
= Fritillaria altaica Lam. ex Schult. & Schult.fil., Syst. Veg. 7: 397 (1829)
= Fritillaria amoena C.Y.Yang, Bull. Bot. Res. North-East. Forest. Inst., 6(1): 173 (1986)
= Fritillaria borealixingjiangensis Y.K.Yang, S.X.Zhang & G.J.Liu, J. Wuhan Bot. Res. 5(2): 128-129, f. 4 (1987)
= Fritillaria heboksarensis X.Z.Duan & X.J.Zheng, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 25(1): 62, pl. 1, f. 4 (1987)
= Fritillaria leucantha Fisch. ex Graham, Edinburgh New Philos. J. 11: 190 (1831)
= Fritillaria parvialbiflora var. viridicaulina X.Z.Duan & X.J.Zheng, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 27: 308 (1989)
= Fritillaria scandens Fisch. ex Schult. & Schult.fil., Syst. Veg. 7: 397 (1829)
= Fritillaria tortifolia var. albiflora X.Z.Duan & X.J.Zheng, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 27: 307 (1989)
= Fritillaria tortifolia var. citrina X.Z.Duan & X.J.Zheng, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 25(1): 60 (1987)
= Fritillaria tortifolia var. parviflora X.Z.Duan & X.J.Zheng, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 27: 307 (1989)
= Fritillaria verticillata var. albidiflora (X.Z.Duan & X.J.Zheng) G.J.Liu, Fl. Xinjiangensis, 6: 513 (1996)
= Fritillaria verticillata var. jimunaica X.Z.Duan & X.J.Zheng, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 25(1): 61 (1987)
= Fritillaria verticillata var. purpurea (X.Z.Duan & X.J.Zheng) G.J.Liu, Fl. Xinjiangensis, 6: 513 (1996)
= Fritillaria verticillata var. rhodanthera (X.Z.Duan & X.J.Zheng) G.J.Liu, Fl. Xinjiangensis, 6: 515 (1996)
= Imperialis leucantha Fisch. ex Graham, Edinburgh New Philos. J. 1831(Apr.-June): 190 (1831)
species :
Fritillaria viridea Kellogg; Proc. Calif. Acad. 2: (1863) 9
Name: San Benito fritillary
Distribution: USA (California: San Benito Co.)
Conservation Status: rare and endangered
Synonyms: hidden
= Liliorhiza viridea (Kellogg) Kellogg, Proc. Calif. Acad. 2: 48 (1863)
species :
Fritillaria viridiflora Post; Bull. Herb. Boiss. 3: 164 (1895)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Fritillaria walujewii Regel; Gartenfl. 353 (1879)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; China (Xinjiang)
32 KAZ KGZ 36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Petilium walujewii Regel
= Fritillaria tianshanica Y.K.Yang & L.R.Hsu, J. Wuhan Bot. Res. 5(2): 127-128, f. 3 (1987)
= Fritillaria walujewii var. plena X.Z.Duan & X.J.Zheng, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 27: 306 (1989)
= Fritillaria walujewii var. shawanensis X.Z.Duan & X.J.Zheng, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 27: 306 (1989)
= Fritillaria walujewii var. xinyanensis (Y.K.Yang & J.K.Wu) G.J.Liu, Fl. Xinjiangensis, 6: 510 (1996)
= Fritillaria xinyuanensis Y.K.Yang & J.K.Wu, Acta Bot. Boreal.-Occid. Sin. 5(1): 40-41, f. 2 (1985)
species :
Fritillaria whittallii Baker; Gard. Chron. ser. 3, 13: 506 (1893)
Distribution: Turkey (SW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Fritillaria yuminensis X.Z.Duan; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 19(2): 257-258, f. 1 (1981)
Distribution: China (NW-Xinjiang)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria tachengensis var. nivea Y.K.Yang & S.X.Zhang, J. Wuhan Bot. Res. 5(2): 129 (1987)
= Fritillaria tachengensis X.Z.Duan & X.J.Zheng, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 25(1): 61-62, t. 1, f. 3 (1987)
= Fritillaria yuminensis var. albiflora X.Z.Duan & X.J.Zheng, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 27: 308 (1989)
= Fritillaria yuminensis var. roseiflora X.Z.Duan & X.J.Zheng, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 27: 309 (1989)
= Fritillaria yuminensis var. varians Y.K.Yang & G.J.Liu, J. Wuhan Bot. Res. 5(2): 129 (1987)
species :
Fritillaria yuzhongensis G.D.Yu & Y.S.Zhou; Acta Bot. Yunnan. 7(2): 146-148, f. 1 (1985)
Distribution: China (Gansu, Henan, Ningxia, Shaanxi, Shanxi)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Fritillaria cirrhosa var. brevistigma Y.K.Yang & J.K.Wu, Acta Bot. Boreal.-Occid. Sin. 5(1): 36 (1985)
= Fritillaria glabra var. shanxiensis S.C.Chen, Acta Bot. Yunnan. 5: 373 (1983)
= Fritillaria lanzhouensis Y.K.Yang, P.P.Ling & G.Yao, J. Wuhan Bot. Res. 5(2): 132 (1987)
= Fritillaria lishiensis var. yichengensis Y.K.Yang & P.P.Ling, J. Wuhan Bot. Res. 5(2): 135 (1987)
= Fritillaria lishiensis Y.K.Yang & J.K.Wu, J. Wuhan Bot. Res. 5(2): 134 (1987)
= Fritillaria taipaiensis var. ningxiaensis Y.K.Yang & J.K.Wu, Acta Bot. Boreal.-Occid. Sin. 5(1): 32 (1985)
= Fritillaria taipaiensis var. yuxiensis Y.K.Yang, et al., J. Wuhan Bot. Res. 5(2): 135 (1987)
species :
Fritillaria zagrica Stapf; Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien. 38: (1888) 351, Baker, in Gard. Chron.(1893) 1: 568
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia); Iran (EC-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran)
34 IRN TUR
...

A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


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Covering 354,183 valid species, 9,038 hybrids, 58,691 valid infraspecific taxa and 933,256 synonyms, in total 1,355,167 names


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