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Ver. 19.3
June 16th, 2024

177.0000 Family Papaveraceae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 235 (1789), nom. cons.
43 genera, ca. 1000 spp. Revised classification: Peng et al. (2024)
Species listed in database: 1014; hybrids: 19
= Chelidoniaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 124 (1820)
= Eschscholziaceae Ser.; Fl. Jard. 2: 106 (1847)
= Fumariaceae Marquis; Esq. Règne Vég.: 50 (1820), nom. cons.
= Hypecoaceae Willk. & Lange; Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 3: 875 (1880)
= Platystemonaceae Lilja; Skånes Fl., ed. 2: 862, 979 (1870)
177.3906 Genus Fumaria L.; Sp. Pl. 669 (1753)
Distribution: Europe, Macaronesia, Mediterranean (ca. 40), 1 E-Africa and SW-Arabia, several W- and S-Asia eastward to Himalayas, Northern Caucasus, Middle Asia and S-Siberia
Species listed in database: 53; hybrids: 4
species :
Fumaria abyssinica Hammar; Nova Acta Regiae Soc. Sci. Upsal. Ser. III. 2: 275 (1857 [1858])
Distribution: E-D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Rwanda; Burundi; South Sudan; Ethiopia; Eritrea; Djibouti; Somalia; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; Saudi Arabia (Hejaz?); Oman; Yemen (W-Yemen)
23 BUR RWA ZAI 24 DJI ERI ETH SOM SSU 25 KEN TAN UGA 35 OMA SAU YEM
Synonyms: hidden
= Fumaria australis Pugsley; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 44: 309 (1919)
species :
Fumaria agraria Lag.; Gen. Sp. Pl. 21 (1816)
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; Baleares; France; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Pantelleria; Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Ecuador [I]; Peru [I]; Argentina [I]; Chile [I] (Antofagasta [I], Atacama [I], Coquimbo [I], Valparaíso [I], Metropolitana de Santiago [I], O´Higgins [I], Maule [I], Ñuble [I], Biobío [I], Araucanía [I], Los Rios [I], Los Lagos [I])
12 BAL FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 ITA PEL PTL SIC 20 ALG MOR TUN 83 ecu per 85 arg cle
Remarks: agraria agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Fumaria agraria subsp. embergeri (Pugsley) Maire; Fl. Afrique N. 12: 69 (1965)
= Fumaria agraria var. chilensis Parl.; Giorn. Bot. Ital. 1(1): 73 (1844)
= Fumaria agraria var. elata Ball; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 16: 315 (1878)
= Fumaria agraria var. mauritanica Hausskn.; Flora (Regensburg) 56: 555 (1873)
= Fumaria embergeri Pugsley; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 49: 96 (1932)
species :
Fumaria asepala Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 1: 135 (1867)
Distribution: Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Iran (EC-Iran, E-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, S-Iran); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, NW-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (N-Israel)
33 ARM AZE GEO 34 IRN IRQ ISR LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Fumaria asepala var. aprica Pugsley; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 44: 319 (1919)
= Fumaria asepala var. compacta Hausskn.; Flora (Regensburg) 56: 461 (1873)
= Fumaria schrammii var. orientalis Pugsley; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 44: 321 (1919)
species :
Fumaria atlantica Coss. & Durieu ex Hausskn.; Flora (Regensburg) 56: 558 (1873)
Distribution: Algeria; Tunisia
20 ALG TUN
Synonyms: hidden
= Fumaria agraria var. atlantica (Coss. & Durieu ex Hausskn.) Coss.; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 16: 90 (1887) non Ball 1878
= Fumaria agraria subsp. atlantica (Coss. & Durieu ex Hausskn.) Maire; Fl. Afrique N. 12: 68 (1965)
species :
Fumaria ballii Pugsley; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 44: 262 (1919)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Fumaria agraria subsp. multiflora (Pugsley) Maire; Fl. Afrique N. 12: 70 (1965)
= Fumaria agraria subsp. tenuisecta Ball; J. Bot. 11: 297 (1873)
= Fumaria multiflora Pugsley; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 49: 94 (1932)
= Fumaria tenuisecta (Ball) Ball; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 16: 316 (1877)
species :
Fumaria barnolae Sennen & Pau; Treb. Inst. Catalana Hist. Nat. 3: 63 (1917)
subspecies :
subsp. barnolae
Name: Großer Erdrauch
Distribution: Spain; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; ?E-European Russia
12 COR FRA SAR SPA 13 ITA SIC
Synonyms: hidden
= Fumaria agraria subsp. major (Badarò) Maire; Jahand. & Maire, Cat. Pl. Maroc: 262 (1932)
= Fumaria agraria var. major (Badarò) Hammar; Nova Acta Regiae Soc. Sci. Upsal. Ser. III. 2: 291 (1857 [1858])
= Fumaria bella Y.Sell; Feddes Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 68: 175 (1963)
= Fumaria gaillardotii subsp. major (Maire) O.Bolòs & Vigo; Fl. Paisos Catalans 1: 716 (1984)
= Fumaria major Badarò; Giorn. Fis. ser. 2, 9: 72 (1826), non Roth 1788
= Fumaria major var. spectabilis (Bisch.) Rouy; Suites a la flore de france 1Nov. Act. Reg. Sci. Ups. ser. 3, 2: 31 (1887)
= Fumaria officinalis var. major (Badarò) Moris; Fl. Sardoa 1: 90 (1837)
= Fumaria spectabilis Bisch.; Del. Sem. Hort. Heidelb. 4 (1849) non L. 1753
subspecies :
subsp. algerica (Hausskn.) Lidén; Opera Bot. 88: 50 (1986)
Distribution: Algeria; Tunisia
20 ALG TUN
Synonyms: hidden
= Fumaria agraria var. algerica Hausskn.; Flora (Regensburg) 56: 555 (1873)
= Fumaria agraria var. algerica (Hausskn.) Maire; Fl. Afrique N. 12: 70
species :
Fumaria bastardii Boreau; Rev. Bot. Recueil Mens. 2: 359 (1847)
Name: Bastard-Erdrauch (DE); Mellorina bastarda (ES); Tall Ramping-fumitory (EN)
Distribution: England; Scotland; Ireland; Germany [I]; Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; Baleares; France; Channel Isl.; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); Malta; Croatia; Greece (Kerkyra, Kefalonia, Attiki, SE-Peloponnisos, Kiklades: Mikonos, Serifos, Sifnos, Milos, Andros, Thira, Anafi); Crete; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; ?Azores; Madeira (Ilhas Desertas, Porto Santo Isl.); Canary Isl. (Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro, La Palma Isl.); East Aegaean Isl. (Psara, Ikaria, Samos, Leros, Kalimnos, Nisyros, Rhodos); Lebanon (coastal W-Lebanon); Australia [I] (South Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Tasmania [I], Western Australia [I]); Lord Howe Isl. [I]; New Zealand [I]; New Caledonia [I]; Canada [I] (British Columbia [I]); Argentina [I]
10 GRB IRE 11 ger 12 BAL CIS COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 CRO GRC ITA KRI MLT PEL SIC 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN 21 CNY MDR 34 EAI LEB 50 aus lhi 51 nzl 60 nwc 71 cdn 85 arg
Synonyms: hidden
= Fumaria affinis Hammar; Monogr. Slägt. Fumaria: 47 (1854) (non Griff., Not. Pl. Asiat. 4: 719 (1854)
= Fumaria almensis Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 31: 99 (1941)
= Fumaria bastardii var. affinis (Hammar) Pugsley; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 44: 279 (1919)
= Fumaria bastardii var. benedicta (Nicotra) Pugsley; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 44: 280 (1919)
= Fumaria bastardii var. gussonei (Boiss.) Pugsley; J. Bot. 50 Suppl. 1: 40 (1912)
= Fumaria bastardii var. hibernica (Boiss.) Pugsley; J. Bot. 50 Suppl. 1: 41 (1912)
= Fumaria bastardii var. jordanii (Guss.) A.Soler; Lagascalia 11(2): 218 (1983) nomen illegit.
= Fumaria bastardii var. vagans (Jord.) Durand & Barratte; Fl. Lib. Prodr. 9 (1910)
= Fumaria capreolata subsp. confusa (Jord.) Syme; 107 (1863)
= Fumaria capreolata var. bastardii (Boreau) Coss. & Germ.; Fl. Paris 98 (1861)
= Fumaria cirrhata Rohde ex DC.; Syst. Nat. 2: 134 (1821)
= Fumaria codinae Sennen; Bot. Soc. Iber. 25: 62 (1926) pro hybr.
= Fumaria confusa Jord.; Cat. Graincs Jard. Dijon 1848: 18 (1848)
= Fumaria disjuncta Jord. ex Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 1: 27 (1878)
= Fumaria gussonei Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. 8: 13 (1849)
= Fumaria gussonei var. benedicta Nicotra; Fumar. Ital. 312 (1897)
= Fumaria jordanii Guss.; Enum. Pl. Inarim. 12 (1855)
= Fumaria loiseleurii Clavaud; Acta Soc. Linn. Bordeaux 35(ser. 4, 5): 271 (1881)
= Fumaria major V.Ten.; Bull. Acc. Asp. Nat. 1: 24 (1842) non Roth
= Fumaria media var. confusa (Jord.) Hammar; Nova Acta Regiae Soc. Sci. Upsal. Ser. III. 2: 280 (1857 [1858])
= Fumaria muraliformis Clavaud; Actes Linn. Soc. Bord. 35: 273 (1881) (uncertain synonym)
= Fumaria muralis subsp. confusa (Jord.) Syme; English Botany ed. 3(1): 107 (1863)
= Fumaria muralis var. affinis (Hammar) Pau; Bol. Soc. Arag. cien. Nat. 7: 69 (1908)
= Fumaria muralis var. bastardii (Boreau) Pérez Lara; An. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 27: 62 (1898)
= Fumaria muralis var. confusa (Jord.) Font Quer; Bol. Real. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 19(5): 269 (1919)
= Fumaria muralis var. gussonei (Boiss.) Font Quer; Bol. Real. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 19(5): 269 (1919)
= Fumaria pia Nicotra; Atti e Rendic. acc. Dafn. Acireale ser 2(1): 5 (1905) uncertain synonym
= Fumaria planasi Sennen; Le Monde des Plantes 30: 33 (1929) pro hybr.
= Fumaria recognita Lacroix; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 6: 551 (1859)
= Fumaria serotina Guss.; Giorn. Bot. Ital. 1: I. 150 (1844), status uncertain
= Fumaria vagans Jord.; Cat. Graines Jard. Grenoble 1849: 15 (1849)
species :
Fumaria berberica Pugsley; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 44: 273 (1919)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Remarks: rupestris agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Fumaria undulata Pugsley; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 50: 546 (1937)
= Fumaria agraria var. atlantica Ball; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 16: 316 (1878)
species :
Fumaria bicolor Nicotra; Fumar. Ital. 55 (1897)
Distribution: Baleares (Menorca); S-France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Pantelleria; Malta; Croatia; NE-Algeria; Tunisia
12 BAL COR FRA SAR 13 CRO ITA MLT PTL SIC 20 ALG TUN
Synonyms: hidden
= Fumaria loiseleuri var. leronensis Burnat; Fl. Alp. Mar. 1: 60 (1892)
= Fumaria muralis var. longipes Pau ex Font Quer; Bol. Real Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 19(5): 270 (1919)
= Fumaria rupestris var. maritima Batt.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 32: 336 (1885)
species :
Fumaria bracteosa Pomel; Bull. Soc. Sci. Phys. Algerie 11: 239 (1874)
Name: Verzweigter Erdrauch (DE); Bracted Ramping-fumitory (EN)
Distribution: Spain; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt (NW-coastal Egypt); East Aegaean Isl. (Rhodos); Iraq (NE-Iraq, SE-Iraq); Iran (S-Iran, W-Iran); Cyprus (C-Mountains, N-Cyprus, SW-Cyprus); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, Negev Desert, N-Israel, Judean Desert)
12 SPA 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 34 CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR
Synonyms: hidden
= Fumaria densiflora subsp. bracteosa (Pomel) Murb.; Acta Univ. Lund. ser. 2, 18(3): 40 (1922)
= Fumaria densiflora var. bracteosa (Pomel) Batt. & Trab.; Fl. Alg. 29 (1888)
= Fumaria densiflora var. emarginata (Braun-Blanq. & Maire) Braun-Blanq. & Maire; Mem. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc 8: 186 (1925)
= Fumaria densiflora var. parlatoreana (Kralik ex Boiss.) Hausskn.; Flora (Regensburg) 56: 510 (1873)
= Fumaria emarginata Braun-Blanq. & Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 13: 13 (1922)
= Fumaria micrantha var. parlatoriana Kralik ex Boiss.; Fl. 1: 136 (1867)
= Fumaria parlatoreana (Boiss.) Bornm.; Verh. K. K. Zool. Bot. Ges. Wien 48: 549 (1898)
species :
Fumaria capitata Lidén; Opera Bot. 88: 69 (1986)
Distribution: Algeria
20 ALG
species :
Fumaria capreolata L.; Sp. Pl. 701 (1753)
Name: Rankender Erdrauch (DE); White ramping fumitory (EN); Mellorina conejilla (ES)
Distribution: England; Ireland; Denmark [I]; Norway [I]; Netherlands [I]; Belgium; Germany [I]; Switzerland; Austria [I]; Slovakia; Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; Baleares; France; Monaco; Channel Isl.; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Pantelleria; Malta; San Marino; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Greece (widespread lowlands, incl. most islands); Crete; Belarus [I]; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; ?Egypt; Azores (Sao Miguel Isl., Terceira, Graciosa); Madeira [I] (Madeira Isl. [I]); Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Palma Isl.); Georgia [Caucasus]; East Aegaean Isl. (Lesvos, Samos, Kalimnos, Kos, Tilos, Karpathos, Rhodos); Turkey (NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Cyprus (N-Cyprus); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, NW-Syria); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel); India [c]; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I]); New Zealand [I]; Easter Isl. [I]; USA [I] (California [I], Florida [I], New York [I]); Dominican Republic [I]; Haiti [I]; Ecuador [I]; Peru [I]; Bolivia [I]; Brazil [I]; Uruguay [I]; Argentina [I]; Chile [I] (Atacama [I], Coquimbo [I], Valparaíso [I], Metropolitana de Santiago [I], O´Higgins [I], Maule [I], Ñuble [I], Biobío [I], Araucanía [I], Los Rios [I], Los Lagos [I]); Juan Fdz. Isl. [I]
10 den GRB IRE nor 11 aut BGM ger net SLO SWI 12 BAL CIS COR FRA GIB MCO POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MLT MNT NMA PTL SIC SLV SMA SRB 14 blr 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN 21 AZO CNY mdr 33 GEO 34 CYP EAI ISR LEB SYR TUR 40 ind 50 aus 51 nzl 61 eas 75 usa 76 usa 78 usa 81 his 83 bol ecu per 84 bra 85 arg cle jnf uru
Synonyms: hidden
= Fumaria capreolata f. sciophila Ruiz; Bol. Soc. Argent. Bot. 9: (1961)
= Fumaria capreolata f. speciosa (Jord.) P.D.Sell; Fl. Gr. Brit. Ireland 1: 677 (2018)
= Fumaria capreolata subsp. babingtonii (Pugsley) P.D.Sell; Feddes Repert. 68: 176 (1963)
= Fumaria capreolata subsp. pallidiflora (Jord.) Syme; 105 (1863)
= Fumaria capreolata var. albiflora Hammar; Monogr. Slägt. Fumaria: 25 (1854)
= Fumaria capreolata var. atrosanguinea Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France 1: 171 (1893)
= Fumaria capreolata var. babingtonii Pugsley; J. Bot. 50 Suppl. 1: 9 (1912)
= Fumaria capreolata var. condensata Ball; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 16: 315 (1878)
= Fumaria capreolata var. platycalyx (Pomel) Pugsley; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 47: 435 (1927)
= Fumaria capreolata var. provincialis Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France 1: 171 (1893)
= Fumaria capreolata var. speciosa (Jord.) Hammar; Monogr. Slägt. Fumaria: 25 (1854)
= Fumaria elegans Jord. ex Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 1: 27 (1878)
= Fumaria leonardii Sennen; Monde Pl. 30(176): 7 (1929)
= Fumaria media Mont. ex Parl.; Giorn. Bot. Ital. 1(1): 149 (1844)
= Fumaria neapolitana Vaill. ex Parl.; Giorn. Bot. Ital. 1(1): 149 (1844)
= Fumaria nemorosa Lojac.; Naturalista Sicil. 2: 298 (1883)
= Fumaria officinalis var. capreolata (L.) Ewart; Vict. Naturalist 24: 191 (1907)
= Fumaria pallidiflora Jord.; F. W. Schultz, Arch. Fl. France Allemagne: 305 (1854)
= Fumaria platycalyx Pomel; Bull. Soc. Sci. Phys. Algerie 11: 239 (1874)
= Fumaria prehensilis Asch.; Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 5: 223 (1863)
= Fumaria queri Sennen & Pau; Treb. Inst. Catal. Hist. Nat. 3: 63 (1917) pro hybr.
= Fumaria speciosa Jord.; Index Seminum (GR, Gratianopolis) 1849: 15 (1849)
species :
Fumaria cilicica Hausskn.; Flora (Regensburg) 56: 423 (1873)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Lebanon (coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (Jbel Druze, Golan [Israel occupation])
34 IRQ LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Fumaria boissieri Hausskn.; Flora (Regensburg) 56: 424 (1873)
= Fumaria officinalis subsp. cilicica (Hausskn.) Lidén; Opera Bot. 88: 83 (1986)
= Fumaria officinalis var. tropidocarpa Buser; Fl. Or. Suppl. 26 (1888)
species :
Fumaria coccinea Lowe ex Pugsley; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 44: 274 (1919)
Name: Scharlachroter Erdrauch (DE); Mellorina roja (ES)
Distribution: Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro, La Palma Isl.)
21 CNY
species :
Fumaria daghestanica Mikhailova; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast.28: 77 (1991)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus (Daghestan)
33 NCS
Remarks: vaillantii agg.
species :
Fumaria densiflora DC.; Cat. Pl. Hort. Monsp. 113 (1813)
Name: Dichtblütiger Erdrauch (DE); Dense-flowered Fumitory (EN)
Distribution: England; Ireland; Norway [I]; Sweden [I]; Netherlands [I]; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany [I]; Portugal; Spain; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); Malta; Croatia; ?Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece (around Thessaloniki, Thessalia, Attiki, NE-Peloponnisos, Samothraki, Limnos, Kiklades: Andros, Siros, Paros, Milos, Sifnos, Thira, Anafi); Crete; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt (Desert Oases, Great Southwestern Desert, NE-Egypt, Nile Delta, Nile Valley, NW-coastal Egypt); Turkmenistan; Northern Caucasus; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl. (Psara, Chios, Ikaria, Fourni, Leros, Kalimnos, Agathonisi, Tilos, Karpathos, Rhodos); Turkey (N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iraq (NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia, S-Iraq); Iran (E-Iran, N-Iran, W-Iran); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, NW-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, N-Negev Desert, Judean Desert); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, N-Sinai); Jordania (W-Jordania); Saudi Arabia (Hejaz); Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); New Zealand [I]; Peru [I]; Argentina [I]
10 GRB IRE nor swe 11 BGM ger LUX net 12 BAL COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MLT MNT NMA PEL ROM SIC SRB TUE 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 32 TKM 33 AZE NCS 34 CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SIN SYR TUR 35 SAU 50 aus 51 nzl 83 per 85 arg
Synonyms: hidden
= Fumaria calycina Bab.; Trans. Bot. Soc. Edinburgh 1: 34 (1841)
= Fumaria densiflora subsp. micrantha (Lag.) Maire & Weiller; Fl. Afrique N. 12: 102 (1965)
= Fumaria densiflora var. dubia (Pugsley) P.D.Sell; Fl. Gr. Brit. Ireland 1: 677 (2018)
= Fumaria littoralis Dumort.; Bull. Soc. Bot. Belg. 7: 361 (1868)
= Fumaria media Ledeb.; Fl. Ross. 1: 105 (1841)
= Fumaria micrantha f. dubia Pugsley; J. Bot. Lond. 50, Suppl. 1: 58 (1912)
= Fumaria micrantha Lag.; Elench. Hort. Matrit. 21 (1816)
= Fumaria micrantha var. dubia (Pugsley) Pugsley; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 44: 299 (1919)
= Fumaria micrantha var. littoralis (Dumort.) Rouy & Foucaud Fl.France 1: 179 (1893)
= Fumaria obtusisepala Pugsley; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 50: 550 (1937)
= Fumaria officinalis Chaub.; J. B. G. Bory & L. A. Chaubard, Nouv. Fl. Pélop.: 45 (1838) non L.
= Fumaria officinalis subsp. densiflora (DC.) O.Schwarz; 100 (1949)
= Fumaria officinalis var. densiflora (DC.) Parl.; Monogr. Fumari: 55 (1844)
= Fumaria officinalis var. micrantha (Lag.) Arch.; Comp. Fl. Ital. 27 (1882)
= Fumaria vulgaris var. aegyptiaca Steinh.; Guill. Arch. Bot. 1: 416 (1833)
species :
Fumaria dubia Pugsley; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 44: 272 (1919)
Distribution: Algeria
20 ALG
Synonyms: hidden
= Fumaria capreolata subsp. dubia (Pugsley) Maire; Fl. Afrique N. 12: 81 (1965)
= Fumaria capreolata var. hochreutineri Pugsley; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 44: 270 (1919)
= Fumaria capreolata var. intermedia Hausskn.; Flora (Regensburg) 56: 423 (1873)
species :
Fumaria erostrata (Pugsley) Lidén; Opera Bot. 88: 56 (1986)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Remarks: agraria agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Fumaria agraria var. erostrata Pugsley; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 49: 94 (1932)
= Fumaria agraria var. tigertensis Pugsley; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 50: 543 (1937)
= Fumaria agraria var. tiznitensis Pugsley; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 50: 545 (1937)
species :
Fumaria faurei (Pugsley) M.Linden; Lagascalia 9: 133 (1980)
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; Morocco; Algeria
12 POR SPA 20 ALG MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Fumaria mirabilis var. faurei Pugsley; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 49: 523 (1934)
= Fumaria mirabilis subsp. faurei (Pugsley) O.Bolòs, Vigo, Masalles & Ninot; Fl. Man. Paisos Catalans 1990: 1213 (1990)
species :
Fumaria flabellata Gasp.; Rendiconto Accad. Sci. Napoli 1: 51 (1842)
Distribution: Baleares (Mallorca, Menorca); France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Pantelleria; Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); Malta; ?Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Albania; W-Greece (Kerkyra, Ionian Isl.); Algeria; Tunisia
12 BAL COR FRA SAR 13 ALB BIH CRO GRC ITA MLT MNT PEL PTL SIC 20 ALG TUN
Synonyms: hidden
= Fumaria alexandrina Gasp.; Rendic. Acc. Sci. Napoli 1: 51 (1842) uncertain synonym
= Fumaria ambigua Lojac.; Fl. Sicul. 1(1): 62 (1886)
= Fumaria capreolata var. flabellata (Gasp.) Coss.; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 16: 88 (1897)
= Fumaria flabellata var. ambigua (Lojac.) Nicotra; Fumar. Ital. 60 (1897)
= Fumaria gracilescens Nicotra; Fumar. Ital. 60 (1897)
species :
Fumaria gaillardotii Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 1: 139 (1867)
subspecies :
subsp. gaillardotii
Name: Gaillardots Erdrauch (DE); Gaillardot´s Fumitory (EN)
Distribution: Spain; Baleares; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); Malta; Croatia; Albania; Greece (Kerkyra, Ionian Isl., Evvoia, E-Peloponnisos, scattered Kiklades, Limnos); Crete; Algeria; Tunisia; ?Egypt; East Aegaean Isl. (Lesvos, Chios, Samos, Leros, Kos, Rhodos); Turkey (S-Anatolia); Cyprus; Lebanon (coastal W-Lebanon, C-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria); Israel
12 BAL SAR SPA 13 ALB CRO GRC ITA KRI MLT PEL SIC 20 ALG TUN 34 CYP EAI ISR LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Fumaria drepanensis Lojac.; Malpighia 20(2-3): 110 (1906)
= Fumaria agraria subsp. gaillardotii (Boiss.) Maire; Fl. Afrique N. 12: 71 (1965)
subspecies :
subsp. major (Moris) D.Pav.; Bull. Soc. Linn. Provence 70: 66 (2019)
Distribution: Sardinia
12 SAR
Synonyms: hidden
= Fumaria officinalis var. major Moris; Fl. Sardoa 1: 90 (1837)
species :
Fumaria indica (Hausskn.) Pugsley; J. Linn. Soc, Bot. 44: 313 (1919)
Distribution: Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts.); Afghanistan (Badakshan, Badghys, Baghlan, Bamyan, Faryab, Ghazni, Herat, Kabul, Kunar / Nuristan, Laghman, Wardak, Nangarhar, Parwan, Takhar); Pakistan (Sind, Swat, Baluchistan, Kurram, N. W. Frontier Prov., Pakistani Punjab, Hazara); Nepal; Bhutan; India (Bihar, Chandigarh, Delhi, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, West Bengal); Australia [I] (South Australia [I], New South Wales [I], Northern Territory [I])
34 AFG IRN 40 BHU IND NEP PAK 50 aus
Synonyms: hidden
= Fumaria parviflora var. indica (Hausskn.) Parsa; Fl. Iran 2: 490 (1986)
= Fumaria vaillantii var. indica Hausskn.; Flora (Regensburg) 56: 443 (1873)
species :
Fumaria judaica Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. 8: 15 (1849)
subspecies :
subsp. judaica
Name: Judäa-Erdrauch (DE); Judean Fumitory (EN)
Distribution: Italy; Croatia; Albania; Greece (rare coastal mainland, Kerkyra, Ionian Isl., widespread Aegaean Isl.); Libya; Egypt (Nile Delta, NW-coastal Egypt); East Aegaean Isl. (Chios, Ikaria, Fourni, Samos, Leros, Kalimnos, Kos, Nisyros, Tilos, Karpathos, Rhodos); Turkey (SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria); Israel (coastal W-Israel, N-Israel, N-Negev Desert)
13 ALB CRO GRC ITA 20 EGY LBY 34 CYP EAI ISR LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Fumaria alexandrina Ehrenb. ex V.Ten.; Bull. Acc. Asp. Nat. 1: 24 (1842), non Gaspar. 1842
subspecies :
subsp. amarysia (Boiss. & Heldr.) Lidén; Opera Bot. 88: 49 (1986)
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Fumaria amarysia Boiss. & Heldr.; Boiss., Fl. Orient. 1: 138 (1867)
subspecies :
subsp. insignis (Pugsley) Lidén; Opera Bot. 88: 48 (1986)
Distribution: France [I]; Croatia (Istria)
12 fra 13 CRO
Synonyms: hidden
= Fumaria insignis (Pugsley) Fritsch; Excursionsfl. Österreich ed. 3: 143 (1922)
= Fumaria judaica var. insignis Pugsley; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 49: 97 (1932)
species :
Fumaria kralikii Jord.; Cat. Graines Jard. Dijon 1848: 19 (1848), nom. nov.
Name: Kralik-Erdrauch (DE); Kralik´s Fumitory (EN)
Distribution: Germany [I]; France [I]; Corsica [I]; Sardinia [I]; Italy [I]; Croatia; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece (NE-, EC- & S-Greece, Ionian Isl., Thasos, Samothraki, Sporades, Kiklades: Andros, Paros, Milos, Amorgos); Crimea; East Aegaean Isl. (Lesvos, Samos, Nisyros, Rhodos); Turkey (S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (NW-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (N-Israel)
11 ger 12 cor fra sar 13 ALB BUL CRO GRC ita KOS MNT NMA SRB TUE 14 KRY 34 EAI ISR LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Fumaria anatolica Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. 8: 14 (1849)
= Fumaria pulchella Kralik ex Walp.; Ann. Bot. Syst. 2: 28 (1851) non Salisb.
species :
Fumaria macrocarpa Parl.; Pl. Nov. 5. (1842)
subspecies :
subsp. macrocarpa
Name: Großfrüchtiger Erdrauch (DE); Large-fruited Fumitory (EN)
Distribution: Malta; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Greece (C- & S-Greece, Kerkyra, Ionian Isl., Sporades, Chalkidiki, Thasos, Limnos, Skiros, widespread Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (widespread, incl. Rhodos, Kastellorhizo Isl.); Turkey (W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, SW-Cyprus); Lebanon (C-Lebanon); Israel (coastal W-Israel, N-Israel)
13 BIH CRO GRC KRI MLT 34 CYP EAI ISR LEB TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Fumaria fleischeri Sond. ex Hammar; Nova Acta Regiae Soc. Sci. Upsal., ser. 3, 2: 301 (1858)
= Fumaria macrocarpa var. oxyloba (Boiss.) Hammar; En monografi öfver slägtet Fumaria 54 (1854)
= Fumaria megalocarpa Boiss. & Spruner; P. E. Boissier, Diagn. Pl. Orient. 1: 68 (1843)
= Fumaria oxyloba Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. 8: 14 (1849)
subspecies :
subsp. cyrenaica Lidén; Opera Bot. 88: 48 (1986)
Distribution: Libya (Cyrenaica)
20 LBY
species :
Fumaria macrosepala Boiss.; Elench. Pl. Nov. 8. (1838)
subspecies :
subsp. macrosepala
Distribution: S-Spain; Morocco; NW-Algeria
12 SPA 20 ALG MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Fumaria macrosepala subsp. boissieri Maire & Weiller; Fl. Afrique N. 12: 86 (1965) (nom. inval.)
= Fumaria malacitana Hausskn. & Fritze; Flora (Regensburg) 56: 548 (1873)
= Fumaria macrosepala var. malacitana (Hausskn. & Fritze) Pérez Lara; : 61 (1898)
subspecies :
subsp. macrocarpa Lidén; Opera Bot. 88: 63 (1986)
Distribution: N-Morocco
20 MOR
subspecies :
subsp. megasepala (Pau) Lidén; Opera Bot. 88: 64 (1986)
Distribution: N-Morocco
20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Fumaria megasepala Pau; Mém. Real Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 12: 275 (1924)
subspecies :
subsp. obscura (Pugsley) Lidén; Opera Bot. 88: 64 (1986)
Distribution: N-Morocco
20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Fumaria capreolata var. oscillans Pau & Font Quer; in sched.
= Fumaria macrosepala var. obscura Pugsley; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 47: 439 (1927)
species :
Fumaria mairei Pugsley ex Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afr. Nord 22: 276, Pugsley in J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 49: 97 (1931 publ. 1932)
subspecies :
subsp. mairei
Distribution: Algeria
20 ALG
subspecies :
subsp. saxicola Lidén; Opera Bot. 88: 70 (1986)
Distribution: Algeria
20 ALG
species :
Fumaria maurorum Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 14: 120 (1923)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Remarks: rupestris agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Fumaria bastardii var. maurorum (Maire) Maire; Jahand. & Maire, Cat. Pl. Maroc 2: 264 (1932)
species :
Fumaria melillaica Pugsley; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 50: 547 (1937)
Distribution: SE-Spain; NE-Morocco
12 SPA 20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Fumaria capreolata subsp. melillaica (Pugsley) Maire; Fl. Afrique N. 12: 81 (1965)
= Fumaria guruguensis Sennen; Diagn. Nov. Pl. Esp. Maroc 1928-35: 104 (1936) p. p., excl. typo
= Fumaria muralis var. hispanica Pugsley; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 44: 288 (1919)
species :
Fumaria microstachys (Hausskn.) Pugsley; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 44: 306 (1919)
Distribution: Libya; Egypt
20 EGY LBY
Synonyms: hidden
= Fumaria judaica microstachys Hausskn.; Flora 56: 552 (1873) sub. Fumaria judaica, without rank
= Fumaria judaica var. microstachys (Hausskn.) Buser; Fl. Or. Suppl. 29 (1888)
= Fumaria brachystachys Kralik; herb.
species :
Fumaria mirabilis Pugsley; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 47: 432 (1927)
Distribution: Spain; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya
12 SPA 20 ALG LBY TUN
Synonyms: hidden
= Fumaria agraria var. paulii Pau; Butll. Inst. Catal. Hist. Nat. 7: 73 (1907)
species :
Fumaria montana J.A.Schmidt; Beitr. Fl. Cap. Verd. Ins. 263 (1852)
Name: Berg-Erdrauch (DE); Mellorina macaronesica (ES)
Distribution: Madeira (Madeira Isl., Ilhas Desertas); Islas Selvagens; Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, La Palma Isl.); Cape Verde Isl. (Santo Antao Isl.)
21 CNY CVI MDR SEL
Synonyms: hidden
= Fumaria praetermissa Pugsley; Journ. Bot 66: 298 (1928)
species :
Fumaria munbyi Boiss. & Reut.; Pugill. Pl. Afr. Bor. Hispan. 5. (1852)
Distribution: Spain (Islas Columbretes); NE-Morocco; NW-Algeria
12 SPA 20 ALG MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Fumaria agraria var. munbyi (Boiss. & Reut.) Batt. & Trab.; Fl. Alg. 27 (1888)
species :
Fumaria muralis Koch; Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv. ed. 2: 1017 (1845)
subspecies :
subsp. muralis
Name: Mauer-Erdrauch (DE); Mellorina comun (ES)
Distribution: England; Ireland; Norway; Sweden [I]; Netherlands; Belgium; Germany (+Hamburg, Nordrhein-Westfalen [I], Schleswig-Holstein [I]); Portugal; Spain; France; Channel Isl.; Italy; Azores (Santa Maria Isl., Sao Miguel Isl., Terceira, Graciosa, Sao Jorge, Pico, Faial, Flores Isl.); Madeira (Madeira Isl., Porto Santo Isl.); Islas Selvagens; Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro, La Palma Isl.); São Tomé [I]; Zimbabwe [I]; South Africa [I] (widespread); Lesotho [I]; St. Helena [I]; Mauritius [I]; La Réunion [I]; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); Lord Howe Isl. [I]; Norfolk Isl. [I]; New Zealand [I]; Chatham Isl. [I]
10 GRB IRE NOR swe 11 BGM GER NET 12 CIS FRA POR SPA 13 ITA 21 AZO CNY MDR SEL 23 sao 26 zim 27 les saf 28 sth 29 mau reu 50 aus lhi nfk 51 ctm nzl
Remarks: muralis agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Fumaria apiculata Hammar; Nova Acta Regiae Soc. Sci. Upsal., ser. 3, 2: 287 (1858)
= Fumaria boraei var. muraliformis Clavaud; Act. Soc. Linn. Bordeaux 35, ser. 4(5): 273 (1881) uncertain synonym
= Fumaria capreolata subsp. muralis (Koch) Syme; English Botany ed. 3, 1: 108 (1863)
= Fumaria capreolata var. muralis (Koch) Arch.; Comp. Fl. Ital.,1 ed. 27 (1882)
= Fumaria media var. muralis (Koch) Hammar; Nova Acta Regiae Soc. Sci. Upsal. Ser. III. 2: 258 (1857 [1858])
= Fumaria muralis var. cornubiensis Pugsley; Rep. Watson Bot. Exch. Club 3(7): 246 (1924)
= Fumaria muralis var. decipiens Pugsley; J. Bot. Lond. 50, Suppl. 1: 23 (1912)
= Fumaria muralis var. laeta Lowe; Man. Fl. Mad. 1: 15 (1868)
= Fumaria muralis var. lowei Pugsley; J. Bot. Lond. 50, Suppl. 1: 23 (1912)
= Fumaria officinalis var. capensis Harv.; Harv. & Sonder, Fl. Capensis 1: 18 (1894)
= Fumaria officinalis var. grandiflora DC.; Syst. Nat. 2: 135 (1821)
= Fumaria sepium var. hurdana Caball.; Anal. Bot. Jard. Madrid 7: 642 (1946)
= Fumaria ×painteri Pugsley; J. Bot. 50, Suppl. 1: 30 (1912) pro hybr. officinalis ×
subspecies :
subsp. boraei (Jord.) Pugsley; J. Bot. 40: 180 (1902)
Name: Bora-Erdrauch (DE); Mellorina de Bora (ES)
Distribution: Germany [I]; France; Azores (Faial); Madeira (Madeira Isl., Porto Santo Isl.); Canary Isl. (Gran Canaria, La Gomera)
11 ger 12 FRA 21 AZO CNY MDR
Synonyms: hidden
= Fumaria bastardii var. major Boreau; Duchartre, Rev. Bot. 2: 359 (1847)
= Fumaria boraei Jord.; Cat. Graines Jard. Grenoble 1849: 15 (1849)
= Fumaria capreolata subsp. boraei (Jord.) Syme; English Botany ed. 3, 1: 108 (1863)
= Fumaria muralis subsp. neglecta Pugsley; J. Bot. Lond. 50, Suppl. 1: 24 (1912)
= Fumaria muralis var. ambigua Pugsley; J. Bot. Lond. 50, Suppl. 1: 26 (1912)
= Fumaria muralis var. brittanica Pugsley; J. Bot. Lond. 50, Suppl. 1: 26 (1912)
= Fumaria muralis var. gracilis Pugsley; J. Bot. Lond. 50, Suppl. 1: 26 (1912)
= Fumaria muralis var. longibracteata Pugsley; J. Bot. Lond. 50, Suppl. 1: 26 (1912)
= Fumaria muralis var. major (Boreau) P.D.Sell; Watsonia 18(1): 92 (1990), et Fl. Gr. Brit. Ireland 1: 677 (2018)
species :
Fumaria normanii Pugsley; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 49: 518 (1934)
Distribution: Algeria
20 ALG
Synonyms: hidden
= Fumaria capreolata subsp. pseudoflabellata (Maire) Maire; Fl. Afrique N. 12: 80 (1965)
= Fumaria capreolata var. pseudoflabellata Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afr. Nord 24: no 1359 (1933)
species :
Fumaria occidentalis Pugsley; J. Bot. 42: 217 (1904)
Name: Western fumitory
Distribution: S-England; USA [I] (Arizona [I])
10 GRB 76 usa
species :
Fumaria officinalis L.; Sp. Pl. 700 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. officinalis
Name: Gewöhnlicher Erdrauch (DE); Drug fumitory (EN); Pamplina comun (ES)
Distribution: Iceland [I]; Faeroe Isl. [I]; England; Ireland; Denmark; Norway; Sweden; Finland; Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; Andorra; Baleares; France; Channel Isl.; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Pantelleria; Malta; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; N-European Russia; W-European Russia; Moldova; Ukraine; Crimea; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt; Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria); Siberia [I] (Altai [I], Irkutsk [I], Krasnoyarsk [I], W-Siberia [I]); Russian Far East [I] (Amur [I], Khabarovsk [I], Primorye [I], Sakhalin [I]); Kazakhstan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, SW-Cyprus); Lebanon (C-Lebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, NW-Syria, Jbel Druze); Mongolia [I]; Taiwan [I]; India [I] (Tamil Nadu [I]); Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Tasmania [I]); New Zealand [I]; Auckland Isl. [I]; Canada [I] (Alberta [I], British Columbia [I], Manitoba [I], New Brunswick [I], Newfoundland [I], Nova Scotia [I], Ontario [I], Prince Edward Isl. [I], Québec [I], Saskatchewan [I]); St. Pierre et Miquelon [I]; USA [I] (Alabama [I], Arkansas [I], California [I], Connecticut [I], District of Columbia [I], Delaware [I], Florida [I], Georgia [I], Iowa [I], Idaho [I], Illinois [I], Indiana [I], Kansas [I], Louisiana [I], Massachusetts [I], Maryland [I], Maine [I], Michigan [I], Minnesota [I], Missouri [I], Mississippi [I], Montana [I], North Carolina [I], New Hampshire [I], New Jersey [I], New York [I], Ohio [I], Oregon [I], Pennsylvania [I], South Carolina [I], Texas [I], Utah [I], Virginia [I], Vermont [I], Washington State [I], Wisconsin [I], West Virginia [I], Wyoming [I]); Mexico [I]; Costa Rica [I]; Uruguay [I]; Argentina [I]; Chile [I] (Valparaíso [I])
10 DEN FIN for GRB ice IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 ADO BAL CIS COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MLT MNT NMA PTL ROM SIC SLV SRB TUE 14 BLR EST KRY LAT LIT MLD RUS UKR 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 21 CNY 30 sib 31 rfe 32 KAZ 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 CYP EAI LEB SYR TUR 37 mon 38 tai 40 ind 50 aus 51 auc nzl 71 cdn 72 cdn spm 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa 79 mex 80 cos 85 arg cle uru
Synonyms: hidden
= Fumaria angustifolia Gilib.; Fl. Lit. Inch. 2: 113 (1782), opus utique oppr.
= Fumaria diffusa Arn. ex Parl.; Giorn. Bot. Ital. 1(1): 127 (1844)
= Fumaria gasparinii Bab.; Trans. Bot. Soc. Edinburgh 1: 36 (1841)
= Fumaria media Loisel.; J. Bot. (Desvaux) 2: 357 (1809)
= Fumaria officinalis f. linicola A.F.Schwarz; 44 (1897)
= Fumaria officinalis var. albiflora Parl.; Giorn. Bot. Ital. 1: ? (1844)
= Fumaria officinalis var. banatica Hausskn.; Flora (Regensburg) 56: 421 (1873), nom. superfl.
= Fumaria officinalis var. elegans Pugsley; Journ Bot. 50, suppl. 1: 52 (1912)
= Fumaria officinalis var. floribunda Hammar; Monogr. Slägt. Fumaria: 3 (1854)
= Fumaria officinalis var. floribunda W.D.J.Koch; 1018 (1845)
= Fumaria officinalis var. major Wender.; 237 (1846), nom. illeg.
= Fumaria officinalis var. media (Loisel.) Boenn.; 211 (1824)
= Fumaria officinalis var. minor W.D.J.Koch; Sturm, Deutschlands Flora 1(14): 62 (1833) nomen superfl.
= Fumaria officinalis var. pycnantha Loret & Barrandon; 32 (1876), nom. illeg.
= Fumaria officinalis var. rigida Geiger; 117 (1826)
= Fumaria officinalis var. scandens Rchb.; Ic. Fl. Germ. Helv. 3: 1 (1838)
= Fumaria officinalis var. tenuiflora Fr.; Novit. Fl. Suec. ed. 2, 221 (1828)
= Fumaria officinarum Neck.; Delic. Gallo-Belg. 2: 298 (1773)
= Fumaria petteri V.Ten.; Bull. Acc. Asp. Nat. 1: 25 (1842)
= Fumaria pulchella Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 377 (1796)
= Fumaria tenuiflora (Fr.) Fr.; Bot. Not. 1857: 51 (1857)
= Fumaria viciosoi Pau; Act. Real Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 23: 125 (1894)
= Fumaria vulgaris Steinh.; Guill. Arch. Bot. 1: 416 (1833)
subspecies :
subsp. ragusina (Pugsley) Lidén; Fl. Hellenica 2: 111 (2002)
Distribution: Croatia; Albania; NW-Greece
13 ALB CRO GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Fumaria officinalis var. ragusina Pugsley; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 49: 105 (1932)
= Fumaria ragusina (Pugsley) Pugsley; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 49: 524 (1934)
species :
Fumaria ouezzanensis Pugsley; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 47: 442 (1927)
subspecies :
subsp. ouezzanensis
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
subspecies :
subsp. ramosa Lidén; Opera Bot. 88: 75 (1986)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Fumaria ajmasiana Pau & Font Quer; Font Quer, Iter Marocc. No. 120 ([1928]1929)
species :
Fumaria parviflora Lam.; Encycl. 2: 567 (1788)
Name: Kleinblütiger Erdrauch (DE); Fineleaf fumitory (EN); Pamplina menuda (ES)
Distribution: England; Netherlands [I]; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg [I], Berlin [I], +Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hessen [I], Mecklenburg-Vorpommern [I], Niedersachsen [I], Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Sachsen [I], Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Slovakia; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; Andorra; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Pantelleria; Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); Malta; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Moldova; Ukraine; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt (Great Southwestern Desert, NE-Egypt, Nile Delta, Nile Valley, NW-coastal Egypt); Madeira (Porto Santo Isl.); Canary Isl. (La Palma Isl., La Gomera, Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, Hierro); South Africa [I] (Gauteng [I], Free State [I]); Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (Inner Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia, S-Iraq, W-Iraq: Desert); Iran (EC-Iran, E-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, S-Iran, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Baghlan, Balkh, Bamyan, Faryab, Herat, Kabul, Kandahar, Laghman, Paktia / Khost, Samangan, Takhar); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, NW-Syria, Jbel Druze, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, N-Negev Desert, Judean Desert); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, N-Sinai, S-Sinai); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Saudi Arabia (NE-Saudi Arabia, N-Saudi Arabia, Asir, Nejd Desert); Kuwait; Yemen (N-Inner Yemen, W-Yemen); Bangladesh [I]; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], Northern Territory [I], South Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I]); USA [I] (Arizona [I], California [I], Florida [I], Georgia [I], Oregon [I], Pennsylvania [I], Texas [I]); Mexico [I]; Ecuador [I]; Peru [I]; Bolivia [I]; Argentina [I]; Chile [I] (Coquimbo [I], Valparaíso [I], Metropolitana de Santiago [I], O´Higgins [I], Biobío [I])
10 GRB 11 BGM GER HUN LUX net SLO 12 ADO BAL COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MLT MNT NMA PEL PTL ROM SIC SLV SRB 14 MLD UKR 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 21 CNY MDR 27 saf 32 KAZ TKM UZB 33 AZE 34 AFG CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SIN SYR TUR 35 KUW SAU YEM 40 ban 50 aus 73 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa 79 mex 83 bol ecu per 85 arg cle
Synonyms: hidden
= Fumaria affinis Griff.; Not. Pl. Asiat. 4: 719 (1854)
= Fumaria caespitosa Loscos ex Willk. & Lange; Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 3: 844 (1880)
= Fumaria diffusa Moench; Suppl. Meth. 215 (1802)
= Fumaria glauca Jord.; Mém. Acad. Sci. Lyon, Sect. Sci. 1: 220 (1851)
= Fumaria leucantha Viv.; Fl. Cors. Prodr.: 12 (1824)
= Fumaria minima Pugsley; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 50: 552 (1937)
= Fumaria officinalis var. parviflora (Lam.) Ewart; Fl. Victoria: 527 (1931)
= Fumaria parviflora subsp. microsepala Cadevall; Mem. Real Acad. Cienc. y Art. Barcelona ser 3 5: 186 (1881)
= Fumaria parviflora var. acuminata Clavaud; Acta Soc. Linn. Bordeaux 35 /ser 4, 5): 277 (1881)
= Fumaria parviflora var. glauca (Jord.) Clavaud; Acta Soc. Linn. Bordeaux 35 /ser 4, 5): 277 (1881)
= Fumaria parviflora var. latisecta Hausskn.; Flora (Regensburg) 56: 460 (1873)
= Fumaria parviflora var. sinaitica Hausskn.; Flora (Regensburg) 56: 460 (1873)
= Fumaria parviflora var. symei Pugsley; Journ Bot. 50, suppl. 1: 65 (1912)
= Fumaria spicata Gorter; Fl. Belg. Foed.: 188 (1781)
= Fumaria tenuifolia G.Gaertn., B.Mey. & Scherb.; 14 (1801), nom. illeg.
= Fumaria tenuifolia Roth; Catal. Bot. 2: 82 (1800)
= Fumaria tenuifolia Symons; Syn. Pl. Ins. Brit.: 200 (1798)
= Fumaria tenuisecta subsp. parviflora (Lam.) Syme; 114 (1863), nom. illeg.
variant :
var. indicoides Pugsley; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 44: 325 (1919)
Distribution: Iraq; Iran; Afghanistan; E-Jordania; Australia [I] (South Australia [I])
34 AFG IRN IRQ 50 aus
species :
Fumaria petteri Rchb.; Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 3: 1 (1838)
subspecies :
subsp. petteri
Name: Petters Erdrauch (DE); Petter´s Fumitory (EN)
Distribution: France [I]; Italy [I]; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Crimea; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains); Israel (N-Israel)
12 fra 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ita KOS KRI MNT NMA ROM SRB 14 KRY 34 CYP EAI ISR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Fumaria deflexa Heuff.; Flora (Regensburg) 36: 619 (1853)
= Fumaria heldreichii Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 2, 1: 16 (1854)
= Fumaria pikermiana Boiss. & Heldr.; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 2, 6: 9. (1859)
= Fumaria thuretii Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 2, 1: 15 (1854)
= Fumaria thuretii var. deflexa (Heuff.) Pugsley; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 44: 293 (1919)
= Fumaria thuretii var. heldreichii (Boiss.) Pugsley; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 44: 293 (1919)
= Fumaria thuretii var. pikermiana (Boiss. & Heldr.) Pugsley; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 44: 295 (1919)
= Fumaria thuretii var. thasia Pugsley; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 44: 293 (1919)
= Funtaria petteri subsp. thuretii (Boiss.) Pugsley; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 50: 550 (1937)
subspecies :
subsp. calcarata (Cadevall) Lidén & A.Soler; Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 41. 222 (1984)
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; France; ?Italy; Morocco
12 FRA POR SPA 20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Fumaria calcarata Cadevall; Mém. Real Acad. Cl. Barcelona ser. 3, 5: 186 (1905)
= Fumaria calcarata var. espathulata A.Soler; Lagascalia 11(2): 224 (1983)
= Fumaria glaucescens (Pau) Pau; Broteria ser. Bot. 22: 108 (1926)
= Fumaria muralis var. glaucescens Pau; Re. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. (tom. extr.) 290 (1921)
= Fumaria transiens Y.Sell; Feddes Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 68: 177 (1963)
species :
Fumaria platycarpa Lidén; Opera Bot. 88: 87 (1986)
Distribution: Algeria
20 ALG
Synonyms: hidden
= Fumaria parviflora var lutea Domergue; Ass. Fr. Av. Sciences, Congrès de Carthage 397 (1897)
species :
Fumaria pugsleyana (Pugsley) Lidén; Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 41: 222 (1984)
Distribution: S-Spain; Morocco
12 SPA 20 MOR
Remarks: vaillantii agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Fumaria schrammii var. pugsleyana Maire ex Pugsley; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 47: 451 (1927)
species :
Fumaria purpurea Pugsley; J. Bot. 40: 135 (1902)
Distribution: England; Ireland; Channel Isl.
10 GRB IRE 12 CIS
Synonyms: hidden
= Fumaria capreolata var. devoniensis Pugsley; Journ Bot. 50, suppl. 1: 10 (1912)
species :
Fumaria reuteri Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. 8: 13 (1849)
Name: Few-flower fumitory
Distribution: England; Portugal; Spain; France; Channel Isl.; USA [I] (Washington State [I])
10 GRB 12 CIS FRA POR SPA 73 usa
Remarks: muralis agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Fumaria agraria subsp. merinoi Pau ex Merino; Fl. Galic. Suppl. 3: 508 (1909)
= Fumaria apiculata Lange; Index Seminum (C, Hauniensi) 1854: 23 (1854)
= Fumaria bonanovae Sennen; Bol. Soc. Arag. Scienc. Nat. 15: 221 (1916)
= Fumaria martinii Clavaud; Actes Soc. Linn. Bordeaux 42(2): 69: (1888)
= Fumaria merinoi Pau ex Merino; Fl. Galicia 3: 508 (1909)
= Fumaria muralis var. apiculata (Lange) Rivas Goday & Borja Carbonell; Anal. Bot. Jard. Madrid 8: 464 (1948)
= Fumaria muralis var. multiflora Paunero; Anal. Inst. Bot. Cavanilles 10: 43 (1951)
= Fumaria muralis var. paui Sennen; Bull. Acad. Intern. geogr. Bot. 18: 451 (1908)
= Fumaria muralis var. tenuisecta Pau; Real Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. (tom. extr.) 290 (1921), uncertain synonym
= Fumaria paradoxa Pugsley; Journ Bot. 50, suppl. 1: 33 (1912)
= Fumaria reuteri subsp. martinii (Clavaud) A.Soler; Lagascalia 11: 209 (1983)
species :
Fumaria rifana Lidén; Opera Bot. 88: 76 (1986)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Fumaria apiculata var. trachycarpa Emb. & Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afr. Nord 22: 276 (1931)
= Fumaria apiculata var. africana Pugsley; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 49: 521 (1934)
species :
Fumaria rostellata Knaf; Flora (Regensburg) 29: 290 (1846)
Name: Schnabel-Erdrauch (DE)
Distribution: Germany (Brandenburg [I], Bayern [I], Hessen [I], Mecklenburg-Vorpommern [I], Niedersachsen [I], Nordrhein-Westfalen [I], Rheinland-Pfalz [I], Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece; C-European Russia; Moldova; Ukraine; Turkey (NW-Anatolia: Bithynia); Java [I]
11 AUT CZE GER HUN POL SLO 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC KOS MNT NMA ROM SLV SRB TUE 14 MLD RUS UKR 34 TUR 42 jaw
Synonyms: hidden
= Fumaria carinata Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 38 (1866)
= Fumaria jankae Hausskn.; Flora 56: 491 (1873)
= Fumaria media var. prehensibilis Kit. ex DC.; Syst. Nat. 2: 134 (1821)
= Fumaria mucronulata Schur; Enum. Pl. Transs. 38 (1866)
= Fumaria prehensilis (DC.) Kit.; Linnaea 32: 493 (1863)
= Fumaria rostellata var. niwrensis Zapal.; 455 (1911)
= Fumaria rostellata var. tyszkowcensis Zapal.; 455 (1911)
= Fumaria transsilvanica Schur; Enum. Pl. Transs. 38 (1866)
species :
Fumaria rupestris Boiss. & Reut.; Pugill. Pl. Afr. Bor. Hispan. 4. (1852)
subspecies :
subsp. rupestris
Distribution: Spain; Morocco; Algeria
12 SPA 20 ALG MOR
Remarks: rupestris agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Fumaria agraria subsp. ifranensis (Pugsley) Maire; Fl. Afrique N. 12: 65 (1965)
= Fumaria agraria subsp. rupestris (Boiss. & Reut.) Maire & Weiller; Fl. Afrique N. 12: 63 (1965)
= Fumaria agraria var. rupestris (Boiss. & Reut.) Coss.; Comp. Fl. Atl. 2: 90 (1887)
= Fumaria arundana (Hausskn.) Willk. & Lange; Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 3: 880 (1880)
= Fumaria ifranensis Pugsley; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 50: 543 (1937)
= Fumaria rupestris var. arundana Hausskn.; Flora (Regensburg) 56: 558 (1873)
= Fumaria rupestris var. laxa Boiss. & Reut.; Pugill. Pl. Afr. Bor. Hispan. 4. (1852)
= Fumaria rupestris var. pallescens Pugsley; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 47: 431 (1927)
= Fumaria rupestris var. platycarpa Pugsley; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 49: 96 (1932)
subspecies :
subsp. bifrons (Pugsley) Lidén; Opera Bot. 88: 60 (1986)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Fumaria bifrons Pugsley; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 49: 99 (1932)
= Fumaria macrosepala subsp. bifrons (Pugsley) Maire & Weiller; Fl. Afrique N. 12: 87 (1965)
subspecies :
subsp. calycina Lidén; Opera Bot. 88: 59 (1986)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
subspecies :
subsp. micranthifolia (Pugsley) Lidén; Opera Bot. 88: 60 (1986)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Fumaria agraria subsp. micranthifolia (Pugsley) Maire; Fl. Afrique N. 12: 66 (1965)
= Fumaria micranthifolia Pugsley; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 50: 545 (1937)
= Fumaria rupestris var. subalata Maire & Weiller; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afr. Nord 31: 8 (1940)
subspecies :
subsp. pulchra Lidén; Opera Bot. 88: 58 (1986)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
species :
Fumaria schleicheri Soy.-Will.; Observ. Pl. France: 17 (1828)
subspecies :
subsp. schleicheri
Name: Schleicher-Erdrauch (DE)
Distribution: Denmark [I]; Netherlands [I]; Germany (Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Rheinland-Pfalz, Sachsen [I], Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; France; Sardinia; Italy; Croatia; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Romania; Bulgaria; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; Moldova; Ukraine; Crimea; Siberia [I] (Altai [I], Irkutsk [I], Krasnoyarsk [I]); Kazakhstan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan (incl. Talysh); Turkey (NE-Anatolia); Iran (Iranian Aserbaijan); China (Xinjiang); Mongolia
10 den 11 AUT CZE GER HUN net POL SLO SWI 12 FRA SAR 13 BUL CRO ITA KOS MNT ROM SRB 14 KRY MLD RUS UKR 30 sib 32 KAZ 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN TUR 36 CHI 37 MON
Remarks: vaillantii agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Fumaria acrocarpa Peterm.; Pflanzenreich: 818 (1841-1845)
= Fumaria laggeri Janka ex Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 28 (1878)
= Fumaria laggeri Jord.; Mém. Acad. Sci. Lyon, Sect. Sci. 1: 219 (1851)
= Fumaria meyeri Steven; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 29(I): 288 (1856)
= Fumaria parviflora subsp. schleicheri (Soy.-Will.) Bonnier; Bonnier & R. C. V. Douin, 54 (1912)
= Fumaria schleicheri f. latiuscula Zapal.; 456 (1911)
= Fumaria schleicheri f. simplicior Zapal.; 456 (1911)
= Fumaria schleicheri var. luteola Zapal.; 456 (1911)
= Fumaria schleicheri var. supina (Janka) Pugsley; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 44: 310 (1919), et ibid. 49: 106 (1932)
= Fumaria supina Janka; Növenytan Botanica 33 (1877)
= Fumaria vaillantii subsp. schleicheri (Soy.-Will.) F.Herm.; 212 (1912)
= Fumaria vaillantii subsp. schleicheri (Soy.-Will.) Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France 1: 181 (1893)
subspecies :
subsp. microcarpa (Hausskn.) Lidén; Opera Bot. 88: 91 (1986)
Distribution: E-European Russia; Turkey (E-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia)
14 RUS 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Fumaria microcarpa (Hausskn.) Pugsley; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 44: 312 (1919)
= Fumaria microcarpa Boiss. ex Hausskn.; Flora (Regensburg) 56: 490 (1873) (basion., under F. schleicheri, without rank)
= Fumaria schleicheri var. caucasica Pugsley; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 49: 106 (1932)
= Fumaria schleicheri var. microcarpa (Hausskn.) Buser; Fl. Or. Suppl. 27 (1888)
species :
Fumaria segetalis (Hammar) Cout.; Fl. Portugal: 246 (1913) (nomen, non planta)
Distribution: S-Spain; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia
12 SPA 20 ALG MOR TUN
Synonyms: hidden
= Fumaria algeriensis Pugsley; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 47: 447 (1927)
= Fumaria parviflora var. segetalis Hammar; Nova Acta Regiae Soc. Sci. Upsal. Ser. III. 2: 273 (1857 [1858])
= Fumaria trabutii Batt. ex Lidén; Lagascalia 9: 134 (1980), illegit.
= Fumaria parviflora var. trabutii Batt.; Batt. & Trabut, Fl. Alg. 29 (1888)
species :
Fumaria sepium Boiss. & Reut.; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 2, 1: 16 (1854)
subspecies :
subsp. sepium
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; Morocco; Madeira [I] (Madeira Isl. [I])
12 GIB POR SPA 20 MOR 21 mdr
Synonyms: hidden
= Fumaria gaditana Hausskn.; Flora (Regensburg) 56: 547 (1873)
= Fumaria muralis subvar. sepium (Boiss. & Reut.) Pérez Lara; An. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 27: 62 (1898)
= Fumaria muralis var. curta Pau; Not. Bot. Fl. Esp. 2: 69 (1891)
= Fumaria muralis var. platycarpa Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France 1: 171 (1893) (nomen, non planta)
= Fumaria muralis var. sepium (Boiss. & Reut.) Pau; Mem. real. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 12(5): 274 (1924)
= Fumaria sepium var. gaditana (Hausskn.) Pugsley; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 44: 284 (1919)
subspecies :
subsp. rugosa Lidén; Opera Bot. 88: 75 (1986)
Distribution: NW-Morocco
20 MOR
species :
Fumaria skottsbergii Lidén; Opera Bot. 88: 57 (1986)
Distribution: C-Morocco
20 MOR
species :
Fumaria vaillantii Loisel.; J. Bot. (Desvaux) 2: 358 (1809)
Name: Vaillant-Erdrauch, Blasser Erdrauch (DE); Pamplina fina (ES)
Distribution: England; Sweden; Finland; Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin [I], Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hessen [I], Mecklenburg-Vorpommern [I], Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; ?Liechtenstein; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Malta; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; +Estonia; +Lithuania; Belarus; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; W-European Russia; Moldova; Ukraine; Crimea; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Canary Isl. (Tenerife, Gran Canaria, Lanzarote, Fuerteventura); Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq); Iran (EC-Iran, E-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Baghlan, Balkh, Bamyan, Faryab, Ghazni, Kabul, Logar, Wardak, Orozgan / Daykundi, Paktia / Khost, Parwan, Samangan); China (Xinjiang); Pakistan (Kurram, Gilgit); N-India (Jammu & Kashmir, Sikkim, Uttarakhand); Sri Lanka [I]; Bangladesh [I]; Australia [I] (South Australia [I], Victoria [I]); USA [I] (Alabama [I], Colorado [I], Louisiana [I], Montana [I], North Dakota [I], Nebraska [I], South Dakota [I])
10 FIN GRB SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 BAL COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO ITA KOS MLT MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SRB TUE 14 BLR EST KRY LIT MLD RUS UKR 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN 21 CNY 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG IRN IRQ TUR 36 CHI 40 ban IND PAK srl 50 aus 73 usa 74 usa 78 usa
Remarks: vaillantii agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Fumaria camerarii Bubani; Fl. Pyren. (Bubani) 3: 281 (1901) uncertain synonym
= Fumaria chavinii Reut.; Cat. Pl. Vasc. Genèv. ed. 2, 10 (1861)
= Fumaria officinalis Hohen.; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 6: 247 (1833) non L.
= Fumaria parviflora subsp. vaillantii (Loisel.) Hook.f.; Fl. Brit. Ind. 1: 128 (1872)
= Fumaria parviflora var. major Fr.; Novit. fl. Suec. ed. 2, 222 (1828)
= Fumaria spicata Balb. ex Parl.; Giorn. Bot. Ital. 1(1): 141 (1844)
= Fumaria tenuiflora Janka ex Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 28 (1878)
= Fumaria tenuisecta subsp. vaillantii (Loisel.) Syme; English Botany ed. 3(1): 113 (1863), nom. illeg.
= Fumaria tenuisecta Syme; 113 (1863), nom. illeg., pro parte
= Fumaria vaillantii f. longibracteata Panov; Dokl. Bolg. Akad. Nauk, 27(11): 1572 (1974) uncertain synonym
= Fumaria vaillantii f. platyloba Popov; Anonymus, 89 (1934)
= Fumaria vaillantii f. setifolia Popov; Anonymus, 91 (1934)
= Fumaria vaillantii var. chavinii (Reut.) Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France 1: 181 (1893)
= Fumaria vaillantii var. conferta Hausskn.; Flora (Regensburg) 56: 445 (1873)
= Fumaria vaillantii var. laggeri (Jord.) Hausskn.; Flora (Regensburg) 56: 442 (1873)
= Fumaria vaillantii var. laggeri (Jord.) Prantl; 217 (1884)
= Fumaria vaillantii var. maroccana Pugsley; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 47: 450 (1927)
= Fumaria vaillantii var. venetica Pugsley; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 44: 317 (1919)
variant :
var. schrammii (Asch.) Hausskn.; Flora (Regensburg) 56: 547 (1873)
Name: Schramm-Erdrauch
Distribution: +Germany (Brandenburg, Bayern, Sachsen [I], Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; France; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; Greece; Ukraine
11 CZE GER HUN SLO SWI 12 FRA 13 ALB BUL GRC KOS NMA SRB 14 UKR
Synonyms: hidden
= Fumaria caespitosa Loscos; Trat. PI. Aragon. 1: 26 (1877)
= Fumaria parviflora subvar. schrammii Asch.; (1863)
= Fumaria schrammii (Asch.) Velen.; Fl. Bulgar. 22 (1891)
= Fumaria vaillantii subsp. schrammii (Asch.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 28 (1878)
= Fumaria vaillantii var. caespitosa (Loscos) Willk.; Suppl. Prod. Fl. Hisp. 311 (1893)
= Fumaria vaillantii var. gracilis A.Soler; Lagascalia 11(2): 175 (1983)
species :
Fumaria wirtgenii Koch; Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv. ed. 2: 1018 (1845)
Name: Wirtgens fumitory (EN), Wirtgen-Erdrauch (DE)
Distribution: England; Netherlands; Germany (Berlin [I], Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, +Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern [I], Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen [I], Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt); Switzerland; Austria; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; France; Channel Isl.; Italy; Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); San Marino; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Morocco; Australia [I] (New South Wales [I]); USA [I] (Florida, Nebraska, Wyoming)
10 GRB 11 AUT CZE GER HUN NET SLO SWI 12 CIS FRA POR SPA 13 BIH CRO ITA KOS MNT PEL SLV SMA SRB 20 MOR 50 aus 73 usa 74 usa 78 usa
Remarks: officinalis agg., many records uncertain, frequently confused with F. officinalis
Synonyms: hidden
= Fumaria caroliana Pugsley; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 47: 448 (1927)
= Fumaria media Rchb.; Fl. Germ. Excurs. 2: 697 (1832)
= Fumaria officinalis f. wirtgenii (W.D.J.Koch) B.P.R.Chéron; Compt. Rend. Soc. Bot. Ardèche 62: 15 (2018)
= Fumaria officinalis subsp. tenuiflora (Fr.) Ahlfv.; Neuman, 477 (1901)
= Fumaria officinalis subsp. wirtgenii (W.D.J.Koch) Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital. 27 (1882)
= Fumaria officinalis var. wirtgenii (W.D.J.Koch) Fiek; 25 (1881)
= Fumaria officinalis var. wirtgenii (W.D.J.Koch) Hausskn.; Flora (Regensburg) 56: 420 (1873)
= Fumaria sturmii Opiz; Naturalientausch 10: 267 (1825)
= Fumaria tenuiflora Fr.; Bot. Not. 1857: 51 (1857)
species :
Fumaria ×alberti Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France 1: 178 (1893)
Distribution: France
12 FRA
species :
Fumaria ×burnatii Verg.; Rouy, G. (ed.), Rev. Bot Syst. Geogr. Bot. 2: 122 (1904)
Distribution: France (Var, Gerona)
12 FRA
Remarks: Fumaria barnolae ssp barnolae x Fumaria capreolata
species :
Fumaria ×franchetii E.G.Camus; J. Bot. (Morot) 10: ?(1896)
Distribution: S-Europe; Georgia [Caucasus]
33 GEO
Remarks: Fumaria capreolata x Fumaria officinalis
Synonyms: hidden
= Fumaria ×gagrica Mikhailova; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast.827: 68 (1990)
species :
Fumaria ×hanryi A.Camus; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 74: 434 (1927)
Distribution: France
12 FRA
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A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 19.3 (June 16th, 2024)

Covering 355,120 accepted species,
8,650 hybrids, 47,763 accepted infraspecific taxa and 997,061 synonyms,
in total 1,408,594* names

[*about 25,000 dubious, "unplaced" names and about 4,000 invalid names (Art. 24.3) like "typicus" are deliberately omitted]


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