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V. 12.7
27.11.2021

449.0000 Family Gentianaceae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 141 (1789), nom. cons.
95 genera, ca. 1850 spp.
Species listed in database: 1883; hybrids: 20
= Chironiaceae Bercht. & J.Presl, Prir. Rostlin 1(104–114): 1, 36 (1823)
= Coutoubeaceae Martinov, Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 168 (1820)
= Obolariaceae Martinov, Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 427 (1820)
= Potaliaceae Mart., Nov. Gen. Sp. Pl. 2: 89, 91, 133 (1827)
= Saccifoliaceae Maguire & Pires, Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 29: 242 (1978)
= Voyriaceae Doweld
449.0511 Genus Gentiana L.; Sp. Pl. 1: 227 (1753)
Distribution: Mostly Himalaya (about 250 spp.), Indochina, temp. Asia, Europe, Africa (Morocco), few E-Australia, Central and South America
Species listed in database: 387; hybrids: 10
= Amarella Gilib., Fl. Lituan. 1: 36 (1781)
= Anthopogon Neck., Elem. 2: 12 (1790)
= Asterias Borkh., Roem. Arch. 1: I. 25 (1796)
= Bilamista Raf., New Fl. Am. 4: 92 (1836)
= Calathiana Delarbre, Fl. Auv. ed. II. 1: 28 (1800)
= Chaelothilus Neck., Elem. 2: 14 (1790)
= Chiophila Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 23 (1837)
= Chondrophylla Nels., Bull. Torr. Bot. Club, 245 (1904)
= Cicendiopsis Kuntze, Rev. Gen. Pl. 3: II. 107 (1898)
= Ciminalis Adans., Fam. 2: 504 (1763)
= Coelanthe Griseb., Gen. et Sp. Gent. 297 (1839)
= Coilantha Borkh., Roem. Arch. 1: I. 25 (1796)
= Cruciata Gilib., Fl. Lituan. 1: 36 (1781)
= Cuttera Raf., Med. Repos. N. York, 5: 352 (1808)
= Dasystephana Adans., Fam. 2: 502 (1763)
= Denckea Raf., Med. Repos. N. York, 5: 352 (1808)
= Dicardiotis Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 31 (1837)
= Diploma Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 19 (1837)
= Endotriche Steud., Nom. ed. I. 298 (1821)
= Ericoila Renealm. ex Borkh., Roem. Arch. 1: I. 23 (1796)
= Erithalia Bunge ex Steud., Nom. ed. II. 1: 671 (1840)
= Eudoxia D.Don ex G.Don, Gen. Syst. 4: 202 (1836)
= Favargera Á.Löve & D.Löve, Bot. Notiser, 125(3): 256 (1972)
= Gaertneria Neck., Elem. 2: 15 (1790)
= Gentianodes Á.Löve & D.Löve, Bot. Notiser, 125(3): 256 (1972)
= Gentianusa Pohl, Tentamen Fl. Bohemiae, 1: 167, 248 (1810)
= Glyphospermum G.Don, Gen. Syst. 4: 195 (1836)
= Gonipia Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 23 (1837)
= Heteroclita Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 27 (1837)
= Hippion F.W.Schmidt, Fl. Boem. 2: 18 (1796), et in Roem. Arch. 1: I. 9. t. 2 ad 5 (1796)
= Holubia Á.Löve & D.Löve, An. Inst. Bot. A. J. Cavanilles, 32(2): 226 (1975), non Holubia Oliv.
= Holubogentia Á.Löve & D.Löve, Bot. Notiser, 131(3): 385 (1978)(nom. nov.)
= Kudoa Masam., Journ. Soc. Trop. Agric., Taiwan, 2: 29 (1930)
= Kuepferella M.Laínz, Bol. Inst. Estud. Astur., Supl. Cienc., 22(Aport. Conoc. Fl. Cantabro -Astur,xi.): 32 (1976)
= Lehmanna Casseb. & Theob., Fl. Wett. ed. II. 32 (1847)
= Leimanisa Raf., New Fl. Am. 4: 93 (1836)
= Lexipyretum Dulac, Fl. Hautes-Pyr. 449 (1867)
= Monosteria Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 49 (1837)
= Opsantha Delarbre, Fl. Auv. ed. II. 30 (1800)
= Pneumonanthe Gleditsch, Mem. Acad. Berl. 5: 1749 130 (1751)
= Pogoblephis Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 26 (1837)
= Psalina Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 25 (1837)
= Qaisera Omer, Bot. Jahrb., 111(2): 206 (1989)
= Rassia Neck., Elem. 2: 12 (1790)
= Ricoila Renealm. ex Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 23 (1837)
= Sebeokia Neck., Elem. 2: 13 (1790)
= Selatium D.Don ex G.Don, Gen. Hist. 4: 196 (1837)
= Spiragyne Neck., Elem. 2: 14 (1790)
= Tetrorhiza Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 25 (1837)
= Thylacitis Renealm. ex Adans., Fam. 2: 504, 539 (1763)
= Thyrophora Neck., Elem. 2: 13 (1790)
= Tretorhiza Adans., Fam. 2: 503 (1763)
= Ulostoma D.Don, G. Don, Gen. Syst. 4: 196 (1837)
= Varasia Phil., Fl. Atac. 35. t. 5 (1860)
= Xolemia Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 22 (1837)
species :
Gentiana abaensis T.N.Ho; Acta Biol. Plat. Sin., 1984(3): 35 (1984)
Distribution: China (S-Gansu, N-Sichuan)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana spathulifolia var. abaensis (T.N.Ho) Halda, Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Nat., 3(1): 40 (1995)
species :
Gentiana acaulis L.; Sp. Pl. 228 (1753)
Name: Stengelloser Enzian, Breitblättriger Enzian
Distribution: Austria; Bulgaria; Czech Republic; France; Germany; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Andorra; Spain (mountains); Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Serbia & Kosovo; Montenegro; Macedonia; Romania; Poland; NW-Ukraine
11 AUT CZE GER LIE POL SWI 12 ADO FRA SPA 13 BIH BUL CRO ITA MNT NMA ROM SLV SRB 14 UKR
Remarks: Sect. Ciminalis
Synonyms: hidden
= Ciminalis acaulis (L.) Borkh., Roem. Arch. 1: I. 26 (1796)
= Ciminalis grandiflora Mayrh., Schrank, Fl. Monac. t. 37 (1838)
= Ciminalis longiflora Moench, Meth. 514 (1794)
= Ericala alpina G.Don, Gen. Hist. 4: 189 (1837)
= Ericoila acaulis (L.) Á.Löve & D.Löve
= Gentiana acaulis f. alba Redzic, Glasn. Zem. Muz. Bosne Herceg. Prir. Nauke, 27: 87 (1988)
= Gentiana acaulis var. latifolia Gren. & Godr., (1850)
= Gentiana acaulis var. minor (Nègre) Kerguélen, Lejeunia, 120: 104 (1987)
= Gentiana acaulis var. vulgaris Neilr., (1851)
= Gentiana angustifolia Rchb., (1855) non Vill.
= Gentiana campanata (Clairv.) Man., Herb. 74 (1811)
= Gentiana caulescens Lam., Encyc. 2: 638 (1788)
= Gentiana excisa C.Presl, Flora, 11: 268 (1828)
= Gentiana grandiflora Lam., Fl. Fr. 2: 296 (1778)
= Gentiana humilis Salisb., Prod. 137 (1796)
= Gentiana kochiana Perr. & Songeon, Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Savoie, 1853 (1854 ?) 180
= Gentiana kochiana var. minor Nègre, Candollea, 30(2): 307 (1975)
= Gentiana latifolia (Gren. & Godr.) Jakow., Sitz. Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.-Nat. cviii. Abth. 1. 309 (1899)
= Gentiana latifolia Dalla Torre & Sarnth., Fl. Tirol. 6: 111. 96 (1912)
= Gentiana vulgaris Beck, Ann. Nat. Hofmus. Wien, 2: 129 (1887)
= Gentianusa acaulis (L.) Pohl, Tentamen Fl. Bohemiae, 1: 252 (1810)
= Hippion alpinum F.W.Schmidt, Roem. Arch. 1: I. 10, 14 (1796)
= Lexipyretum acaule (L.) Dulac, Fl. Hautes-Pyr. 451 (1867)
= Pneumonanthe acaulis (L.) F.W.Schmidt, Roem. Arch. 1: I. 10 (1796)
= Pneumonanthe grandiflora Gray, Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 335 (1821)
= Thylacitis grandiflora (Lam.) Delarbre, Fl. Auv. ed. II. 26 (1800)
species :
Gentiana affinis Griseb.; Gen. et Sp. Gent. 289 (1837)
Name: Pleated gentian
Distribution: USA (Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Minnesota, Montana, North Dakota, New Mexico, Nevada, Oregon, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Washington State, Wyoming); Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Northern Territories, Saskatchewan)
70 CDN 71 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA
Remarks: Sect. Pneumonanthe
Synonyms: hidden
= Dasystephana affinis (Griseb.) Rydb., Bull. Torr. Bot. Club, 33: 149 (1906)
= Dasystephana bigelovii (Greene) Rydb., Bull. Torr. Bot. Club, 33: 149 (1906)
= Dasystephana forwoodii (Gray) Rydb., Bull. Torr. Bot. Club, 33: 149 (1906)
= Dasystephana interrupta (Greene) Rydb., Bull. Torr. Bot. Club, 33: 149 (1906)
= Dasystephana oregana (Greene) Rydb., Bull. Torr. Bot. Club, 40: 464 (1913)
= Dasystephana oxyloba Greene, Leafl. Bot. Observ. Crit. 2: 153 (1911)
= Dasystephana rusbyi (Greene ex Kuzn.) Wooton & Standl., Contrib. US. Nat. Herb. 16: 159 (1913)
= Gentiana affinis ssp. rusbyi (Greene ex Kuzn.) Halda, Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Nat., 3(1): 18 (1995)
= Gentiana affinis var. bigelowii (A.Gray) Kuzn., Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Obshch. Estestvoisp., Vyp. 2., Otd. Bot. 24(Bot.) 56 (1894)
= Gentiana affinis var. forwoodii (A.Gray) Kuzn., Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Obshch. Estestvoisp., Vyp. 2., Otd. Bot. 24(Bot.) 56 (1894)
= Gentiana affinis var. major A.Nelson & J.F.Macbr., Bot. Gaz. 55: 376 (1913)
= Gentiana affinis var. ovata A.Gray, Bot. California [W. H. Brewer] 1: 483 (1876)
= Gentiana affinis var. parvidentata Kuzn., Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Obshch. Estestvoisp., Vyp. 2., Otd. Bot. 24(Bot.): 55 (1894)
= Gentiana bigelovii Gray, Proc. Am. Acad. 19: 86 (1883)
= Gentiana forwoodii Gray, Proc. Am. Acad. 19: 86 (1883)
= Gentiana interrupta Greene, Pittonia, 4: 182 (1900)
= Gentiana oregana Engelm. ex Gray, Syn. Fl. N. Am. 2: I. 122 (1878)
= Gentiana rusbyi Greene ex Kuzn., Etud. monog. Sous-genre Eugentiana 54 (1894)
= Pneumonanthe affinis (Griseb.) Greene, Leaflets Bot. Obs. 1: 71 (1904)
= Pneumonanthe bigelovii Greene, Leaflets Bot. Obs. 1: 71 (1904)
= Pneumonanthe forwoodii (Gray) Greene, Leaflets Bot. Obs. 1: 71 (1904)
= Pneumonanthe interrupta Greene, Leaflets Bot. Obs. 1: 71 (1904)
= Pneumonanthe oregana Greene, Leaflets Bot. Obs. 1: 71 (1904)
= Pneumonanthe rusbyi Greene, Leaflets Bot. Obs. 1: 71 (1904)
species :
Gentiana alba Muhl.; Cat. ed. II. 29 (1813) ex A. Gray, Manual (Gray) 360 (1848)
Name: Plain gentian
Distribution: USA (Arkansas, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Maryland, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, North Carolina, Nebraska, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Wisconsin, West Virginia); Canada (Manitoba, Ontario)
71 CDN 72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA 78 USA
Remarks: Sect. Pneumonanthe
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana flavida Gray, Am. Journ. Sc. Ser. II. 1: 80 (1846)
= Pneumonanthe flavida (A.Gray) Greene, Leaflets Bot. Obs. 1: 71 (1904)
= Dasystephana flavida (A.Gray) Britton, Britton & Brown, Ill. Fl Ed. 2, 3: 12 (1913)
= Gentiana ochroleuca Sims, Bot. Mag. t. 1551 (1813)
species :
Gentiana albicalyx Burkill; Journ. As. Soc. Beng. n. s. 2: 314 (1906)
Distribution: Bhutan; N-India (Darjeeling, Sikkim, Chumbi); S-Tibet; Nepal
36 TIB 40 BHU IND NEP
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana capitata var. strobiliformis C.B.Clarke, (1883)
= Ciminalis capitata var. strobiliformis (C.B.Clarke) Omer, Edinburgh J. Bot., 50(1): 73 (1993)
species :
Gentiana albomarginata C.Marquand; Kew Bull., 175 (1937)
Distribution: China (NW-Yunnan)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana argentea ssp. albescens (Franch.) Halda, Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Nat., 3(1): 35 (1995)
= Gentiana argentea var. albescens Franch., (1890)
= Gentiana albescens Franch. ex Kuzn., Etud. monog. Sousgenre Eugentiana 266 (1894)
species :
Gentiana algida Pall.; Fl. Ross. 1: II. 107. t. 95 (1789)
Name: Whitish gentian
Distribution: Alaska; USA (Colorado, Montana, New Mexico, Utah, Wyoming); Canada (Yukon); Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia, Dahuria); Russian Far East (Kamchatka); Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Japan (Honshu); North Korea; China (Xinjiang); Tibet; Bhutan; Mongolia
30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ KGZ 36 CHI TIB 37 MON 38 JAP NKO 40 BHU 70 ASK CDN 73 USA 76 USA 77 USA
Remarks: Sect. Frigidae
Synonyms: hidden
= Ciminalis algida (Pall.) Bercht. & J.Presl, Rostl. 1: Gentian. 10 (1823)
= Dasystephana algida (Pall.) Borkh., Roem. Archiv, 1: t. 26 (1796)
= Dasystephana romanzovii (Bunge ex Ledeb.) Rydb., Bull. Torr. Bot. Club, 33: 148 (1906)
= Gentiana algida var. igarashii Miyabe & Kudô
= Gentiana algida var. romanzovii (Bunge) Kuzn., Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Obshch. Estestvoisp., Vyp. 2., Otd. Bot. 24(Bot.) 119 (1894)
= Gentiana algida var. sibirica Kuzn., Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Obshch. Estestvoisp., Vyp. 2., Otd. Bot. 24: 114 (1894)
= Gentiana crandallii Gand., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 65: 60 (1918)
= Gentiana frigida var. algida (Pall.) Froel., Gen. Diss. 39 (1796)
= Gentiana frigida var. romanzovii (Bunge) Ledeb., (1847)
= Gentiana igarashii Miyabe & Kudô, Trans. Sapporo Nat. Hist. Soc. 8: 5 (1921)
= Gentiana nikoensis Franch. & Sav., Enum. Pl. Jap. 1: 322, 2: 449
= Gentiana romanzovii Bunge ex Ledeb., Nouv. Mem. Soc. Nat. Mosc. 1: 215 (1829)
= Gentianodes algida (Pall.) Á.Löve & D.Löve, Bot. Notiser. 125(3): 256 (1972)
= Pneumonanthe algida (Pall.) F.W.Schmidt, Roem. Arch. 1: I. 10 (1796)
variant :
var. purdomii (Marquand) T.N.Ho; A Worldwide Monograph of Gentiana: 223 (2001)
Distribution: China (SW-Gansu, Qinghai, NW-Sichuan); NE-Tibet
36 CHI TIB
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana purdomii Marquand, Kew Bull., 55 (1928)
species :
Gentiana alii (Omer & Qaiser) T.N.Ho; A Worldwide Monograph of Gentiana: 393 (2001)
Distribution: Pakistan
40 PAK
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana argentea ssp. alii (Omer & Qaiser) Halda, Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Nat., 3(1): 36 (1995)
= Gentianodes alii Omer & Qaiser, Pakistan J. Bot., 20(1): 6 (1988)
species :
Gentiana alpina Vill.; Prosp. Pl. Dauph. 22 (1779)
Name: Alpen-Enzian
Distribution: Spain; Andorra; France; Switzerland; Italy (Pyrenees, Alps, Sa. Nevada)
11 SWI 12 ADO FRA SPA 13 ITA
Remarks: Sect. Ciminalis
Synonyms: hidden
= Ciminalis alpina (Vill.) Holub, Folia Geobot. Phytotax., 8(2): 171 (1973)
= Gentiana acaulis ssp. alpina (Vill.) O.Bolòs & Vigo, Collect. Bot., 14: 90 (1983)
= Gentiana acaulis var. alpina Griseb., (1838)
= Gentiana acaulis var. parviflora Gren. & Godr., (1850)
= Gentiana acaulis var. transiens (Nègre) O.Bolòs & Vigo, Collect. Bot., 14: 90 (1983)
= Gentiana alpina var. transiens Nègre, Candollea, 30(2): 303 (1975)
= Gentiana excisa Braune, (1831) (non C. Presl 1828)
= Gentiana excisa var. minor Koch, (1844)
species :
Gentiana alsinoides Franch.; Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 31: 374 (1884)
Distribution: China (NW-Yunnan)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Varasia alsinoides (Franch.) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(3-4): 201 1979 (1980)
species :
Gentiana altigena H.Sm.; Anz. Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.-Nat., 63: 99 (1926)
Distribution: NE-India (Assam); China (NW-Yunnan); SE-Tibet
36 CHI TIB 40 IND
Remarks: Sect. Kudoa
species :
Gentiana altorum H.Sm.; Kew Bull., 129 (1937)
subspecies :
subsp. altorum
Distribution: SE-Tibet; China (W-Sichuan, S-Qinghai)
36 CHI TIB
Remarks: Sect. Kudoa
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana veitchiorum var. altorum (H.Sm.) Marquand, (1937)
subspecies :
subsp. purpurea Halda & Jurásek; Acta Mus. Richnov., Sect. Nat. 19(3-4): 69 (2012)
Distribution: China (Sichuan)
36 CHI
species :
Gentiana amplicrater Burkill; Journ. As. Soc. Beng. n. s. 2: 312 (1906)
Distribution: SE-Tibet; Nepal; ?N-India (?Sikkim)
36 TIB 40 NEP
Remarks: Sect. Isomeria
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentianodes amplicrater (Burkill) Á.Löve & D.Löve, Bot. Notiser, 125(3): 256 (1972)
species :
Gentiana andersonii C.B.Clarke; Journ. L. Soc. 14: 436 (1875)
Distribution: N-India (Sikkim); Nepal; Bhutan
40 BHU IND NEP
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana capitata var. andersonii (C.B.Clarke) Clarke, (1883)
= Ciminalis capitata var. andersonii (C.B.Clarke) Omer, Edinburgh J. Bot., 50(1): 73 (1993)
= Gentiana cephalodes var. andersonii (C.B.Clarke) S.Agrawal & U.C.Bhattach., J. Econ. Taxon. Bot., 3(3): 998 1982 (1983)
species :
Gentiana andrewsii Griseb.; Gen. et Sp. Gent. 287 (1837)
Name: Closed bottle gentian
Distribution: USA (Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Maryland, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, North Dakota, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Virginia, Vermont, Wisconsin, West Virginia); Canada (Manitoba, Ontario, Québec)
71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 78 USA
Remarks: Sect. Pneumonanthe
Synonyms: hidden
= Dasystephana andrewsii (Griseb.) Small, Fl. S. E. U. S. 930 (1903)
= Gentiana andrewsii var. linearis Griseb., Fl. Bor. Amer. (Hook.) 2: 56 (1837)
= Gentiana andrewsii var. albiflora A.Gray ex House, Bull. New York State Mus. Nat. Hist. 43: 18 (1923)
= Gentiana clausa f. albiflora (Britton) House, Bull. New York State Mus. Nat. Hist. 243-244: 18 (1923)
= Gentiana alba var. pauciflora Farw., Amer. Midl. Naturalist 11: 265 (1929)
= Gentiana saponaria Froel., Gentiana 32 (1796) non L.
= Pneumonanthe andrewsii (Griseb.) W.A.Weber, Phytologia, 33(2): 105 (1976)
variant :
var. dakotica A.Nelson; Bot. Gaz. 56: 68 (1913)
Name: Dakota gentian
Distribution: USA (Iowa, Illinois, Minnesota, Missouri, North Dakota, Nebraska, South Dakota); Canada (Manitoba, Saskatchewan)
71 CDN 74 USA 75 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Dasystephana andrewsii var. dakotica (A.Nelson) Nieuwl. & Lunell, (1916)
species :
Gentiana angustifolia Vill.; Hist. Pl. Dauph. 2: 526 (1787)
subspecies :
subsp. angustifolia
Name: Schmalblättriger Enzian
Distribution: SE-France; SW-France; Switzerland; NW-Italy; N-Spain (SW-Alps, Jura, Pyrenees, Cordillera Cantabrica)
11 SWI 12 FRA SPA 13 ITA
Remarks: Sect. Ciminalis
Synonyms: hidden
= Ciminalis angustifolia (Vill.) Holub, Folia Geobot. Phytotax., 8(2): 171 (1973)
= Ericoila angustifolia (Vill.) Lainz, Bol. Inst. Estud. Astur., Supl. Cienc., No. 10 (Aport. Conoc. Fl. Cantabro-Astur, 8: 33) 203 (1964)
= Eyrythalia angustifolia D.Don, Sweet, Hort. Brit. ed. III. 471 (1839)
= Gentiana acaulis ssp. angustifolia (Vill.) O.Bolòs & Vigo, Collect. Bot., 14: 90 (1983)
= Gentiana acaulis var. angustifolia (Vill.) A.Kern., (1873)
= Gentiana acaulis var. media Gren. & Godr., (1850)
= Gentiana sabauda Boiss. & Reut. ex Rchb., Ic. Fl. Germ. 17: 101. t. 1200 (1855)
= Pneumonanthe angustifolia (Vill.) F.W.Schmidt, Roem. Arch. 1: I. (1796) 10, 14
= Thylacitis angustifolia (Vill.) Fourr., Ann. Soc. L. Lyon, N. S. 17: 119 (1869)
subspecies :
subsp. corbariensis (Braun-Blanq.) Renob.; Acta Bot. Malac. 29: 295 (2004)
Distribution: France; N-Spain (Pyrenees, Cordillera Cantabrica)
12 FRA SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Ciminalis angustifolia ssp. occidentalis (Jakow.) M.Laínz, Bol. Inst. Estud. Astur., Supl. Cienc., 22 (Aport. Conoc. Fl. Cantabro -Astur,xi.): 30(1976)
= Ciminalis occidentalis (Jakow.) Holub, Folia Geobot. Phytotax., 8(2): 171 (1973)
= Gentiana clusii ssp. corbariensis Braun-Blanq., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 84(9-10): 671 (1938)
= Gentiana occidentalis Jakow., Sitz.-Ber. Akad. Wiss. Wien 108(1): 342 (1899)
= Gentiana occidentalis ssp. corbariensis (Braun-Blanq.) J.Magnin, Bull. Soc. Vaud. Sci. Nat., et in Bull. Soc. Vaud. Sci. Nat., 82(1): 31 (1992), 82(2): 187 (1992)
= Gentiana occidentalis var. aragonensis Nègre, Candollea, 30(2): 306 (1975)
species :
Gentiana anisostemon C.Marquand; Kew Bull., 88 (1931)
Distribution: China (NW-Yunnan)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
species :
Gentiana aperta Maxim.; Bull. Acad. Petersb. 27: 500 (1881)
Distribution: China (NE-Qinghai, NW-Gansu)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana maximowiczii Kanitz, Pl. exped. Szechenyi in As. centr. coll. 39 (1891)
= Varasia aperta (Maxim.) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(3-4): 201 1979 (1980)
variant :
var. aureopunctata T.N.Ho & J.H.Li; Acta Biol. Plat. Sin., 1984(3): 34 (1984)
Distribution: China (NE-Qinghai)
36 CHI
species :
Gentiana apiata N.E.Br.; Kew Bull., 187 (1914)
Distribution: China (S-Shaanxi)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Frigidae
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana tsinlingensis Limpr., Fedde, Repert. Beih. 12: 465 (1922)
species :
Gentiana aquatica L.; Sp. Pl. 229 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. aquatica
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia [Caucasus]; Turkey (NE-Anatolia); Iran (W-Iran); Afghanistan (Wakhan, Bamyan, Ghazni, Ghorat, Wardak, Parwan); Pakistan (Kurram, Baltistan, Gilgit); NW-India (Leh, Ladakh); Kazakhstan; Mongolia; Tajikistan; Kyrgyzstan; W-Tibet; Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Russian Far East; Japan
30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ KGZ TZK 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG IRN TUR 36 TIB 37 MON 38 JAP 40 IND PAK
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Chondrophylla aquatica (L.) W.A.Weber, Phytologia, 58(6): 383 (1985)
= Ciminalis aquatica (L.) Zuev, Bot. Zhurn., 70(7): 921 (1985)
= Ericala aquatica (L.) G.Don, Gen. Hist. 4: 192 (1837)
= Ericala humilis G.Don, Gen. Hist. 4: 193 (1837)
= Ericoila aquatica (L.) Borkh., Roem. Arch. 1: I. 27 (1796)
= Ericoila humilis Bercht. & J.Presl, Rostl. 1: Gentian. 16 (1823)
= Gentiana alba Freyn, Österr. Bot. Zeitschr. 40: 124 (1890)
= Gentiana humilis Stev., Mem. Soc. Nat. Mosc. 3: 258 (1812)
= Gentiana ledebourii Rchb., Fl. Germ. Excurs. 425
= Gentiana prostrata Boiss., Fl. Or. 4: 72 (1875)
= Hippion aquaticum (L.) F.W.Schmidt, Roem. Arch. 1: I. 10 (1796)
= Varasia aquatica (L.) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz.(Prague), 148(34): 201 1979 (1980)
variant :
var. baltistanica (Omer) Halda; Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Not., 3(1): 39 (1995)
Distribution: NE-Pakistan (Baltistan); NW-India (Jammu & Kashmir)
40 IND PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Ciminalis baltistanica Omer, Edinburgh J. Bot., 50(1): 71 (1993)
variant :
var. karelinii Clarke; Fl. Brit. Ind. 4: 110 (1883)
Distribution: Bhutan; N-India (Sikkim, Leh, Ladakh)
40 BHU IND
subspecies :
subsp. laeviuscula (Ohwi) Ohwi; Fl. Jap. rev. ed. 1438 (1975)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana laeviuscula (Ohwi) Toyok., Journ. Jap. Bot. 36: 241 (1961)
= Gentiana pseudohumilis var. laeviuscula Ohwi, (1953)
species :
Gentiana arenicola Kerr; Kew Bull., 181 (1940)
Distribution: NE-Thailand
41 THA
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
species :
Gentiana arethusae Burkill; Journ. Proc. As. Soc. Beng. n. s. 2: 309 (1906)
Distribution: China (E-Sichuan, S-Shaanxi)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Kudoa
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana hexaphylla var. pentaphylla H.Sm., Symb. Sin. 7: 974 (1936)
variant :
var. delicatula C.Marquand; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1931: 81 (1931)
Distribution: SE-Tibet; China (NW-Yunnan)
36 CHI TIB
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana arethusae ssp. delicatula (C.Marquand) Halda, Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Nat., 3(1): 26 (1995)
= Gentiana arethusae var. rotundatalobata C.Marquand, (1931)
= Gentiana heptaphylla Balf.fil. & Forrest, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 4: 72 (1907)
= Gentiana heptaphylla var. mixta Harry Sm., (1936)
= Gentiana subocculta C.Marquand, Kew Bull., 81 (1931)
= Gentianodes subocculta (Marquand) Á.Löve & D.Löve, Bot. Notiser, 125(3): 257 (1972)
species :
Gentiana argentea Royle ex D.Don; Trans. L. Soc. 17: 513 (1837)
Distribution: Nepal; NW-India (Poonch, Kashmir); Pakistan (Chitral, Swat, Hazara, Murree, Nanga Parbat); NW-Tibet
36 TIB 40 IND NEP PAK
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Ericala argentea G.Don, Gen. Syst. 4: 192 (1836)
= Gentianodes argentea (Royle ex D.Don) Omer, Ali & Qaiser, Pakistan J. Bot., 20(1): 6 (1988)
= Varasia argentea (Royle ex D.Don) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(3-4): 201 1979 (1980)
species :
Gentiana arisanensis Hayata; Ic. Pl. Formos. 6: Suppl. (Gen. Ind. Fl. Formos.) 48 (1917)
Distribution: Taiwan
38 TAI
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana caespitosa Hayata, Journ. Coll. Sci. Tokyo, 25: Art. 19, 165 (1908) nec M. Martens & Galeotti (1844)
species :
Gentiana aristata Maxim.; Bull. Acad. Petersb. 26: 497 (1880)
Distribution: China (Gansu, Qinghai, Sichuan); Tibet
36 CHI TIB
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Varasia aristata (Maxim.) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(3-4): 201 1979 (1980)
species :
Gentiana arunii D.Maity, S.K.Dey, J.Ghosh & Midday; Edinburgh J. Bot. 75(1): 118 (2017)
Distribution: India (Sikkim)
40 IND
species :
Gentiana asclepiadea L.; Sp. Pl. 227 (1753)
Name: Schwalbenwurz-Enzian
Distribution: Albania; Austria; Bulgaria; Corsica; Czech Republic; Slovakia; France; Germany; Greece; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Hungary; Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Macedonia; Serbia & Kosovo; ?Montenegro; Poland; Romania; Ukraine; NW-European Russia; Turkey (N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); European Turkey; Iran (N-Iran); Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia [Caucasus]
11 AUT CZE GER HUN LIE POL SLO SWI 12 COR FRA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA NMA ROM SLV SRB TUE 14 RUS UKR 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN TUR
Remarks: Sect. Pneumonanthe
Synonyms: hidden
= Coilantha asclepiadea (L.) G.Don, Gen. Hist. 4: 186 (1837)
= Dasistepha asclepiadea (L.) Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 19 (1837)
= Dasystephana asclepiadea (L.) Borkh., Roem. Archiv, 1: t. 26 (1796)
= Dasystephana schistocalyx (C.Koch) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(3-4): 200 1979 (1980)
= Gentiana asclepiadea ssp. schistocalyx (C.Koch) Zakharova, Byull. Mosk. Obshch. Ispyt. Prir., Biol., 95(1): 97 (1990)
= Gentiana asclepiadea var. schistocalyx C.Koch
= Gentiana asclepiadea var. macrocalyx Sommier & Lév., (1900)
= Gentiana ramiflora Szabó, Österr. Bot. Zeitschr. 44: 474 (1894)
= Gentiana schistocalyx (C.Koch) C.Koch, Linnaea, 23: 585 (1850)
= Gentianusa asclepiadea (L.) Pohl, Tentamen Fl. Bohemiae, 1: 250 (1810)
= Pneumonanthe asclepiadea (L.) F.W.Schmidt, Roem. Arch. 1: I. 10 (1796)
= Pneumonanthe plicata F.W.Schmidt, Roem. Arch. 1: I. 10, 13 (1796)
species :
Gentiana asparagoides T.N.Ho; Acta Biol. Plat. Sin., 1984(3): 26 (1984)
Distribution: China (NW-Yunnan)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana aristata ssp. asparagoides (T.N.Ho) Halda, Acta Macs. Richnov. Sect. Nat., 3(1): 43 (1995)
species :
Gentiana asterocalyx Diels; Notes Bot. Gard. Edin. 5: 220 (1912)
Distribution: China (NW-Yunnan)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
species :
Gentiana atlantica Litard. & Maire; Mem. Soc. Sc. Nat. Maroc, No. 6: 15 (1924)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
species :
Gentiana atropurpurea T.N.Ho; Bull. Bot. Res. North-East. Forest. Inst., 4(1): 76 (1984)
Distribution: China (SW-Sichuan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana vernayi ssp. atropurpurea (T.N.Ho) Halda, Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Nat., 3(1): 28 (1995)
species :
Gentiana atuntsiensis W.W.Sm.; Notes Bot. Gard. Edin. 8: 121 (1913)
Distribution: SE-Tibet; China (NW-Yunnan, SW-Sichuan)
36 CHI TIB
Remarks: Sect. Frigidae
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana trichotoma var. brevicaulis C.Marquand, (1931)
species :
Gentiana austromontana J.S.Pringle & Sharp; Rhodora, 66: 402 (1964)
Name: Appalachian gentian
Distribution: USA (North Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia)
75 USA 78 USA
Remarks: Sect. Pneumonanthe
species :
Gentiana autumnalis L.; Cat. Edwards´ Nat. Hist. 11 (1776)
Name: Pine barren gentian
Distribution: USA (Delaware, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, New Jersey, South Carolina, Virginia); Mexico (Aguascalientes, Zacatecas)
75 USA 78 USA 79 MEX
Remarks: Sect. Pneumonanthe
Synonyms: hidden
= Dasystephana porphyrio (J.F.Gmel.) Small, Fl. S. E. U. S. 931 (1903)
= Diploma angustifolia (Michx.) Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 19 (1837)
= Ericala angustifolia (Michx.) G.Don, Gen. Hist. 4: 190 (1837)
= Gentiana angustifolia Michx., Fl. Bor. Amer. (Michx.) 1: 177 (1803) (non Vill. 1787)
= Gentiana angustifolia var. nana J.McNab, Edinburgh New Philos. J. 19: 62 (1835)
= Gentiana porphyrio f. albescens Fernald, Rhodora 44: 152 (1942)
= Gentiana porphyrio f. albocaerulea Fernald, Rhodora 44: 152 (1942)
= Gentiana porphyrio f. stoneana (Fernald) Fernald, Rhodora 44: 152 (1942)
= Gentiana porphyrio J.F.Gmel., Syst. 462 (1792)
= Gentiana purpurea Walter, Fl. Carol. 109 (1788) (non L. 1753)
= Gentiana stoneana Fernald, Rhodora 41: 555 (1939)
= Hippion porphyrio (J.F.Gmel.) F.W.Schmidt, Roem. Arch. 1: I. 11 (1796)
= Pneumonanthe porphyrio (J.F.Gmel.) Greene, Leaflets Bot. Obs. 1: 71 (1904)
species :
Gentiana baeuerlenii L.G.Adams; Telopea, 3(2): 169 (1988)
subspecies :
subsp. baeuerlenii
Distribution: Australia (New South Wales: Monaro region)
50 AUS
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
subspecies :
subsp. bredboensis (L.G.Adams) Halda; Genus Gentiana: 160 (1996 publ. 1997)
Distribution: Australia (New South Wales: Jerangle area)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana bredboensis L.G.Adams, Telopea, 3(2): 171 (1988)
species :
Gentiana bambuseti T.Y.Hsieh, T.C.Hsu, S.M.Ku & C.I Peng; Bot. Stud. (Taipei) 48: 349 (2007)
Distribution: Taiwan
38 TAI
species :
Gentiana baoxingensis T.N.Ho; Acta Biol. Plat. Sin., 1984(3): 21 (1984)
Distribution: China (W-Sichuan)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana vandellioides ssp. baoxingensis (T.N.Ho) Halda, Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Nat., 3(1): 43 (1995)
species :
Gentiana bavarica L.; Sp. Pl. 229 (1753)
Name: Bayerischer Enzian
Distribution: Austria; France; Germany; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Italy; ?Slovenia
11 AUT GER LIE SWI 12 FRA 13 ITA
Remarks: Sect. Calathianae
Synonyms: hidden
= Calathiana bavarica (L.) Holub, Folia Geobot. Phytotax., 8(2): 169 (1973)
= Calathiana bavarica ssp. subacaulis (Gaudin) Holub, Preslia, 70(2): 100 (1998)
= Ericala bavarica (L.) Gray, Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 336 (1821)
= Ericoila bavarica (L.) Borkh., Roem. Arch. 1: I. 27 (1796)
= Gentiana bavarica ssp. subacaulis (Schleich.) G.K.Müll., Feddes Repert., 93(9-10): 658 (1982)
= Gentiana bavarica var. subacaulis Schleich., (1821)
= Gentiana bavarica var. imbricata Schleich. ex Hegetschw. & Heer, (1840)
= Gentiana imbricata Schleich. ex DC., Fl. Fr. 6: 427 (1815)
= Gentiana prostrata Wahlenb., Veg. Helv. 47
= Gentiana rotundifolia Hoppe ex Griseb., Gen. et Sp. Gent. 265 (1838)
= Gentiana serpyllifolia Lam., Encyc. 2: 640 (1793)
= Gentianusa serpillifolia Pohl, Tentamen Fl. Bohemiae, 1: 254 (1810)
= Gonipia rotundifolia Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 24 (1837)
= Hippion bavaricum (L.) F.W.Schmidt, Fl. Boem. 2: 21 (1796)
= Ricoila bavarica (L.) Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 23 (1837)
= Xolemia rotundifolia (Hoppe) Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 22 (1837)
species :
Gentiana beamanii J.S.Pringle; Sida, 8(1): 21 (1979)
Distribution: Guatemala
80 GUA
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
species :
Gentiana bella Franch. ex Hemsl.; Journ. L. Soc. 26: 124 (1890)
Distribution: China (NW-Yunnan); N-Myanmar
36 CHI 41 MYA
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
species :
Gentiana bicuspidata (G.Don) Briq.; Candollea, 4: 324 (1931)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Chihuahua, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Oaxaca, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Tamaulipas, Tlaxcala, Veracruz)
79 MEX
Remarks: Sect. Pneumonanthe
Synonyms: hidden
= Pneumonanthe bicuspidata G.Don, Gen. Hist. 4: 194 (1837)
= Gentiana adsurgens Cerv. ex Griseb., Gen. et Sp. Gent. 286 (1838)
= Gentiana angusta M.E.Jones, Contrib. Western Bot. 12: 52 (1908)
species :
Gentiana boissieri Schott & Kotschy ex Boiss.; Fl. 4: 75 (1875)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: Sect. Pneumonanthe
Synonyms: hidden
= Dasystephana boissieri (Schott & Kotschy) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(3-4): 200 1979 (1980)
species :
Gentiana bokorensis Hul; Adansonia, 21(2): 246 (1999)
Distribution: Cambodia
41 CBD
species :
Gentiana bolavenensis Nagah., Tagane & Soulad.; Thai Forest Bull., Bot. 47(2): 133 (2019)
Distribution: Laos
41 LAO
species :
Gentiana bomiensis T.N.Ho; Acta Biol. Plat. Sin., 1984(3): 43 (1984)
Distribution: SE-Tibet
36 TIB
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana aquatica var. bomiensis (T.N.Ho) Halda, Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Nat., 3(1): 40 (1995)
species :
Gentiana borneensis Hook.fil.; Ic. Pl. t. 1440 B. (1883)
Distribution: peninsular Malaysia (Pahang); Borneo
42 BOR MLY
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana borneensis ssp. malayana (Ridl.) Halda, Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Nat., 3(1): 45 (1995)
= Gentiana malayana Ridl., Journ. L. Soc., Bot. 38: 316 (1908)
species :
Gentiana boryi Boiss.; Biblioth. Univ. Genéve ser. 2, 13: 410 (1938)
Distribution: Spain (Cordillera Cantábrica, Sierra de Gredos, Sa. Nevada)
12 SPA
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Ericoila boryi (Boiss.) Lainz, Bol. Inst. Estud. Astur., Supl. Cienc., No. 10 (Aport. Conoc. Fl. Cantabro-Astur, 8: 33) 203 (1964)
= Holubia boryi (Boiss.) Á.Löve & D.Löve, An. Inst. Bot. A. J. Cavanilles, 32(2): 226 (1975), genus homonym
= Holubogentia boryi (Boiss.) Á.Löve & D.Löve, Bot. Notiser, 131(3): 385 (1978)
= Kuepferella boryi (Boiss.) M.Laínz, Bol. Inst. Estud. Astur., Supl. Cienc., 22(Aport. Conoc. Fl. Cantabro -Astur. 11): 32 (1976)
= Varasia boryi (Boiss.) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(3-4): 201 1979 (1980)
species :
Gentiana brachyphylla Vill.; Prosp. Pl. Dauph. 23 (1779)
Name: Kurzblättriger Enzian
Distribution: Austria; France; Germany; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Italy
11 AUT GER LIE SWI 12 FRA 13 ITA
Remarks: Sect. Calathianae
Synonyms: hidden
= Calathiana brachyphylla (Vill.) Holub, Folia Geobot. Phytotax., 8(2): 169 (1973)
= Gentiana dimorphoclada Beauv., Bull. Soc. Bot. Genève 1930, Ser. II. 22: 454 (1931)
= Gentiana verna ssp. brachyphylla (Vill.) P.Fourn., Quatre Fl. France 858 (1938)
species :
Gentiana brentae Prosser & Bertolli; Willdenowia 38(2): 424 (2008)
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
species :
Gentiana bryoides Burkill; Journ. As. Soc. Beng. n. s. 2: 316 (1906)
Distribution: Bhutan; N-India (Darjeeling, Sikkim, Chumbi); S- & SE-Tibet; Nepal
36 TIB 40 BHU IND NEP
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana stylosa Biswas, Hook. Ic. Pl. 34: t. 3358 (1938)
species :
Gentiana bryophylla Harry Sm.; Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 57 (1993)
Distribution: NE-Myanmar
41 MYA
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana grata var. bryophylla (Harry Sm.) Halda, Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Nat., 3(1): 35 (1995)
species :
Gentiana burkillii H.Sm.; Hand.-Mazz. Symb. Sin. Pt. v11. 953 (1936)
Distribution: NW-India (Baltistan, Ladakh, Leh); NE-Pakistan (Hunza); Nepal; China (Qinghai); Tibet
36 CHI TIB 40 IND NEP PAK
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana pseudohumilis Burkill, Journ. As. Soc. Beng. n. s. 2: 313 (1906) non Makino (1904)
= Gentiana intermedia Burkill, Journ. As. Soc. Beng. n. s. 2: 313 (1906)
= Gentianodes burkillii (H.Sm.) Omer, Ali & Qaiser, Pakistan J. Bot., 20(1): 9 (1988)
species :
Gentiana burmensis Marquand; Kew Bull., 49 (1928)
Distribution: N-Myanmar
41 MYA
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana grata ssp. burmensis (C.Marquand) Halda, Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Nat., 3(1): 34 (1995)
species :
Gentiana burseri Lapeyr.; Hist. Abr. Pyr. 132 (1813)
subspecies :
subsp. burseri
Distribution: SW-France; Andorra; NE-Spain (Pyrenees)
12 ADO FRA SPA
Remarks: Sect. Lutea
Synonyms: hidden
= Coilantha burseri (Lapeyr.) Bercht. & J.Presl, Rostl. 1: Gentian. 6 (1823)
= Gentiana burseri-punctata Griseb., Gen. et Sp. Gent. 301 (1838)
subspecies :
subsp. villarsii (Griseb.) Rouy; Fl. Fr. 10: 256 (1908)
Distribution: SE-France; NW-Italy (SW-Alps)
12 FRA 13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana hybrida Vill., Roem. Collect. 189 (1841)
= Gentiana biloba DC., Fl. Fr. 3: 653 (1835)
= Gentiana macrophylla Bertol., Fl. Ital. 3: 79 (1815)
= Gentiana punctata Vill., Hist. Pl. Dauph. 2: 522 (1796)
= Gentiana villarsii (Griseb.) Ronniger, Fl. France 10: 256 (1908)
= Gentiana burseri var. villarsii Griseb., A. DC. Prodr. 9: 116 (1845)
subspecies :
subsp. actinocalyx Polidori; Biocosme Mesogeen 25(1): 3 (2008)
Distribution: Italy; France
12 FRA 13 ITA
species :
Gentiana cachemirica Decne.; Jacquem. Voy. Bot. 111, t. 117 (1844)
Distribution: Pakistan (Chitral, Swat, Hazara); NW-India (Poonch, Kashmir)
40 IND PAK
Remarks: Sect. Kudoa
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentianodes cachemirica (Decne.) Omer, Ali & Qaiser, Pakistan J. Bot., 20(1): 16 (1988)
= Dasystephana cachemirica (Decne.) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(3-4): 200 1979 (1980)
= Gentiana loderi Hook.fil., Ic. Pl. t. 1440 A. (1883)
species :
Gentiana caelestis (C.Marquand) Harry Sm.; Hand.-Mazz. Symb. Sin. Pt. VII. 972 (1936)
Distribution: SE-Tibet; China (SW-Sichuan, NW-Yunnan); NE-Myanmar
36 CHI TIB 41 MYA
Remarks: Sect. Kudoa
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana veitchiorum var. caelestis C.Marquand, (1931)
= Gentiana ampla Harry Sm., Hand.-Mazz. Symb. Sin. Pt. VII. 974 (1936)
species :
Gentiana caeruleogrisea T.N.Ho; Bull. Bot. Res. North-East. Forest. Inst., 4(1): 77 (1984)
Distribution: China (Gansu, Qinghai); Tibet
36 CHI TIB
Remarks: Sect. Dolichocarpa
species :
Gentiana caliculata Lex.; La Llave & Lex. Nov. Veg. Desc. fasc. 1: 18 (1824)
Distribution: Mexico (Colima, Guerrero, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos)
79 MEX
Remarks: Sect. Pneumonanthe
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana salpinx Griseb., Linnaea, 22: 44 (1849)
species :
Gentiana calycosa Griseb.; Gen. et Sp. Gent. 292 (1837)
Name: Rainier pleated gentian
Distribution: USA (California, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, Washington State, Wyoming); Canada (Alberta, British Columbia)
71 CDN 73 USA 76 USA
Remarks: Sect. Pneumonanthe
Synonyms: hidden
= Dasystephana calycosa (Griseb.) Rydb., Bull. Torr. Bot. Club, 40: 464 (1913)
= Dasystephana monticola Rydb., Bull. Torr. Bot. Club, 40: 464 (1913)
= Dasystephana obtusiloba Rydb., Bull. Torr. Bot. Club, 40: 464 (1913)
= Gentiana calycosa ssp. asepala Maguire, Madroño 6: 151 (1942)
= Gentiana calycosa var. asepala (Maguire) C.L.Hitchc., Vasc. Pl. Pacif. N. W. [C. L. Hitchcock & al.] 4: 68 (1959)
= Gentiana calycosa var. monticola Rydb., Bull. Torr. Bot. Club 24: 252 (1897)
= Gentiana calycosa var. obtusiloba (Rydb.) C.L.Hitchc., Vasc. Pl. Pacif. N. W. [C. L. Hitchcock & al.] 4: 68 (1959)
= Gentiana calycosa var. stricta Griseb., Fl. Bor. Amer. (Hook.) 2: 58, tab. 146, fig. A (1837)
= Gentiana calycosa var. xantha A.Nelson, Bot. Gaz. 34: 26 (1902)
= Gentiana cusickii Gand., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 65: 60 (1918), in clavi
= Gentiana gormanii Howell, Fl. N. W. Amer. [Howell] 1: 446 (1901)
= Gentiana idahoensis Gand., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 65: 60 (1918), in clavi
= Gentiana myrsinites Gand., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 65: 60 (1918), in clavi
= Gentiana obtusiloba (Rydb.) Hultén, Lunds Univ. Arsskrift, n.f. Avd. 2, 44: No. 1 (Fl. Alaska & Yukon, viii.) 1308 (1948)
= Gentiana saxicola English, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 47: 192 (1934) (non Griseb. 1838)
= Pneumonanthe calycosa (Griseb.) Greene, Leaflets Bot. Obs. 1: 71 (1904)
species :
Gentiana capitata Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don; Prod. Fl. Nep. 126 (1825)
subspecies :
subsp. capitata
Distribution: S- & SE-Tibet; Bhutan; N-India (Poonch, Kashmir, Darjeeling, Sikkim, Chumbi); Nepal; Java; Myanmar (Chin, Kachin, Magway); Pakistan (Chitral, Murree, Skardu, Astor)
36 TIB 40 BHU IND NEP PAK 41 MYA 42 JAW
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Ciminalis capitata (Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don) Omer, Edinburgh J. Bot., 50(1): 72 (1993)
= Ericala capitata (Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don) D.Don ex G.Don, Gen. Hist. 4: 193 (1837)
= Gentiana baconi Edgew., Hook. Lond. Journ. Bot. 4: I. 20 (1845)
= Gentiana cephalotes Edgew., Hook. Lond. Journ. Bot. 4: 637 (1845)
= Gentiana marginata Wall., Cat. n. 4391 (1831) (nom. nud.)
= Varasia capitata (Buch.-Ham.) Soják, Cas. Nar Muz. (Prague), 148(3-4): 201 1979 (1980)
subspecies :
subsp. harwanensis (G.Singh) Halda; Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Nat., 3(1): 36 (1995)
Distribution: NW-India (Jammu & Kashmir)
40 IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Ciminalis harwanensis (G.Singh) Omer, Edinburgh J. Bot., 50(1): 67 (1993)
= Gentiana harwanensis G.Singh, Forest Fl. Srinagar: 126 (1976), et ex G. Singh & P. Kachroo, Forest Fl. Srinagar: 126 (1987)
species :
Gentiana carinicostata Wernham; Trans. L. Soc., Bot. 9: 117 (1916)
Distribution: New Guinea
42 NWG
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
species :
Gentiana catesbaei Walter; Fl. Carol. 109 (1788)
Name: Elliott´s gentian
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Virginia)
75 USA 78 USA
Remarks: Sect. Pneumonanthe
Synonyms: hidden
= Dasystephana parvifolia (Chapm.) Small, Fl. S. E. U. S. 930 (1903)
= Cuttera catesbaei (Walter) Raf., Am. Monthly Mag. 176 (1818)
= Gentiana catesbaei var. nummulariifolia Fernald, Rhodora 49: 175, tab. 1078, fig. 3 & 4 (1947)
= Gentiana elliottii Chapm., Fl. S. U. St. 356 (1860) (non Raf. 1832)
= Gentiana elliottii var. parvifolia Chapm., Fl. South. U. S. 356 (1860)
= Gentiana parvifolia (Chapm.) Britton, Man. Fl. N. US. Ed. 3, 733 (1907) (non Gilg 1896)
= Pneumonanthe catesbaei (Walter) F.W.Schmidt, Roem. Arch. 1: I. 10 (1796)
= Pneumonanthe parvifolia (Chapm.) Greene, Leaflets Bot. Obs. 1: 71 (1904)
= Xolemia catesbaei (Walter) Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 22 (1837)
= Xolemia trachiloma var. major Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 22 (1837)
species :
Gentiana cephalantha Franch. ex Hemsl.; Journ. L. Soc. 26: 125 (1890)
Distribution: China (Guangxi, Guizhou, Sichuan, Yunnan); Myanmar (Kachin); Thailand; Vietnam
36 CHI 41 MYA THA VIE
Remarks: Sect. Monopodiae
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana pseudocephalantha Marquand ex Wilkie, Gentians, 163 (1936), nomen subnudum, ex Marquand in Kew Bull., 163 (1937)
= Gentianodes cephalantha (Franch. ex Hemsl.) Á.Löve & D.Löve, Bot. Notiser. 125(3): 256 (1972)
= Gentiana esquirolii H.Lév., Fedde, Repert. 12: 183 (1913)
variant :
var. vaniotii (H.Lév.) T.N.Ho; Novon, 4(4): 370 (1994)
Distribution: China (C-Yunnan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana cephalantha ssp. vaniotii (H.Lév.) Halda, Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Nat., 3(1): 27 (1995)
= Gentiana vaniotii H.Lév., Fedde, Repert. 12: 182 (1913)
= Gentianodes vaniotii (H.Lév.) Á.Löve & D.Löve, Bot. Notiser, 125(3): 258 (1972)
species :
Gentiana chinensis Kuzn.; Bull. Acad. sci. St. Petersb. 35: 250 (1894), et Etud. monog. Sous-genre Eugentiana 133 (1894)
Distribution: China (SW-Sichuan, NW-Yunnan)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Isomeria
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentianodes chinensis (Kusn.) Á.Löve & D.Löve, Bot. Notiser, 125(3): 256 (1972)
species :
Gentiana choanantha Marquand; Kew Bull., 85 (1931)
Distribution: China (W-Sichuan)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana crassuloides Franch., Bull. Soc. Philom. Paris. Ser. VIII. 3: 148 (1891) non Bureau & Franch.
species :
Gentiana chungtienensis Marquand; Kew Bull., 50 (1928)
Distribution: China (NW-Yunnan)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
species :
Gentiana circa Beck; Ann. Naturh. Mus. (Wien) 2: 128 (1887)
Distribution: Croatia; C-ltaly (Abruzzesi)
13 CRO
Remarks: Sect. Ciminalis, status doubtful
species :
Gentiana clarkei Kuzn.; Etud. monog. Sous-genre Eugentiana 276 (1894), et Act. Hort. Petrop. 15: 419 (1904)
Distribution: China (Qinghai); Tajikistan; W-Tibet; NW-India (Nubra, Rupshu, Kashmir); NE-Pakistan (Gilgit, Baltistan)
32 TZK 36 CHI TIB 40 IND PAK
Remarks: Sect. Dolichocarpa
Synonyms: hidden
= Ciminalis clarkei (Kuzn.) Ikonn., Bot. Zhurn., 83(5): 41 (1998)
= Gentiana hyalina T.N.Ho, Bull. Bot. Res. North-East. Forest. Inst., 4(1): 82 (1984)
= Gentiana pygmaea C.B.Clarke, Hook. fil. Fl. Brit. Ind. 4: 111 (1883) non Regel & Schmalh. (1812)
= Gentianodes clarkei (Kuzn.) Omer, Fl. Pakistan, 197: 43 (1995)
= Gentiana subpolytrichoides Grubov, J. Jap. Bot., 69(1): 18 (1994)
= Varasia clarkei (Kuzn.) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(3-4): 201 1979 (1980)
variant :
var. lutescens T.N.Ho & J.Q.Liu; Novon, 6(2): 188 (1996)
Distribution: China (SW-Qinghai)
36 CHI
species :
Gentiana clausa Raf.; Med. Fl. 1: 210 (1828)
Name: Bottle gentian
Distribution: USA (Connecticut, District of Columbia, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, North Carolina, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Tennessee, Virginia, Vermont, West Virginia); Canada (Québec)
72 CDN 75 USA 78 USA
Remarks: Sect. Pneumonanthe
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana andrewsii var. intermedia Kuzn., Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Obshch. Estestvoisp., Vyp. 2., Otd. Bot. 24(Bot.): 44 (1894)
= Pneumonanthe clausa (Raf.) Greene, Leaflets Bot. Obs. 1: 71 (1904)
= Xolemia clausa (Raf.) Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 22 (1837)
species :
Gentiana clusii Perr. & Songeon; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Savoie 1853. 185 (1855)
Name: Clusius´ Enzian, Kalk-Glockenenzian
Distribution: Austria; Slovakia; France; Germany; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; N-Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Poland; Romania; NE-Spain (Pyrenees); NW-Ukraine
11 AUT GER LIE POL SLO SWI 12 FRA SPA 13 CRO ITA ROM SLV 14 UKR
Remarks: Sect. Ciminalis
Synonyms: hidden
= Ciminalis clusii (Perrier & Songeon) Holub, Folia Geobot. Phytotax., 8(2): 171 (1973)
= Ericoila clusii (Perrier & Songeon) Á.Löve & D.Löve
= Gentiana acaulis ssp. clusii Kuzn., (1894)
= Gentiana acaulis ssp. undulatifolia Sünd., (1906)
= Gentiana undulatifolia (Sünd.) Landolt, Fl. Indicativa 269 (2010)
= Gentiana clusii ssp. costei Braun-Blanq., (1975)
= Gentiana clusii ssp. pyrenaica Vivant, Bull. Soc. Bot. France, 125(3-4): 223 (1978)
= Gentiana clusii ssp. rochelii (A.Kern.) Halda, Acta Mus. Richnov. Seet. Nat., 3(1): 21 (1995)
= Gentiana clusii var. rochelii A.Kern., (1873)
= Gentiana coriacea St.-Lag., Cariot, Etud. des fl., ed. 8. 586 (1895)
= Gentiana costei Braun-Blanq., Ann. Conserv. & Jard. Bot. Geneve, 21: 42 (1919)
= Gentiana firma A.Kern., Österr. Bot. Zeltschr. 23: 56 (1873)
= Gentiana rochelii (A.Kern.) Borbás, (1902)
= Thylacitis clusii (Perr. & Songeon) Fourr., Ann. Soc. L. Lyon, N. S. 17: 119 (1869)
species :
Gentiana complexa T.N.Ho; Acta Biol. Plat. Sin., 1984(3): 34 (1984)
Distribution: China (S-Sichuan, Emei Shan)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana flexicaulis var. complexa (T.N.Ho) Halda, Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Nat., 3(1): 40 (1995)
species :
Gentiana conduplicata T.N.Ho; Acta Biol. Plat. Sin., 1984(3): 33 (1984)
Distribution: China (SW-Sichuan)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana clarkei ssp. conduplicata (T.N.Ho) Halda, Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Nat., 3(1): 40 (1995)
species :
Gentiana confertifolia Marquand; Kew Bull., 50 (1928)
Distribution: China (NW-Yunnan)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Isomeria
species :
Gentiana coronata Royle; Illustr. Bot. Himal. 278. t. 68, f. 1 (1835)
Distribution: NW-India (Jammu & Kashmir); NE-Pakistan; Nepal
40 IND NEP PAK
Remarks: Sect. Fimbricorona
Synonyms: hidden
= Qaisera coronata (D.Don ex Royle) Omer, Bot. Jahrb., 111(2): 210 (1989)
= Ericala coronata D.Don ex G.Don, Gen. Hist. 4: 193 (1837)
= Eyrythalia coronata D.Don, Trans. L. Soc. 17: 515 (1837)
= Varasia coronata (Royle) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(3-4): 201 1979 (1980)
species :
Gentiana crassa Kurz; Journ. As. Soc. Beng. 42: II. 235 (1873)
Distribution: Myanmar (Bago, Chin, Mon, Shan); N-Thailand
41 MYA THA
Remarks: Sect. Monopodiae
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentianodes crassa (Kurz) Á.Löve & D.Löve, Bot. Notiser, 125 (3): 256 (1972)
species :
Gentiana crassicaulis Duthie ex Burkill; Journ. As. Soc. Beng. n. s. 2: 311 (1906)
Distribution: SE-Tibet; China (NW-Guizhou, W-Sichuan, NW-Yunnan, SE-Qinghai)
36 CHI TIB
Remarks: Sect. Cruciata
species :
Gentiana crassula H.Sm.; Anz. Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.-Nat., 63: 104 (1926)
Distribution: SE-Tibet; China (Sichuan, NW-Yunnan)
36 CHI TIB
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana calcicola Marquand ex Wilkie, Gentians, 150 (1936), nomen subnudum, Marquandin Kew Bull., 170 (1937)
species :
Gentiana crassuloides Bureau & Franch.; Morot, Journ. de Bot. 5: 104 (1891)
Distribution: China (S-Gansu, W-Hubei, SE-Qinghai, W-Sichuan, NW-Yunnan); SE-Tibet; Bhutan; NW-India (Sikkim, Chumbi, Ladakh); Nepal
36 CHI TIB 40 BHU IND NEP
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Varasia crassuloides (Bureau & Franch.) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(3-4): 201 1979 (1980)
species :
Gentiana crenulatotruncata (C.Marquand) T.N.Ho; Fl. Xizangica, 3: 962 (1986)
Distribution: SE-Tibet
36 TIB
Remarks: Sect. Dolichocarpa
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana prostrata var. crenulatotruncata C.Marquand, (1929)
= Gentiana prostrata var. bilobata C.Marquand, (1929)
variant :
var. flava S.K.Wu & R.F.Huang; S. G. Wu (S. K. Wu) & Z. J. Feng (eds.), Biol. & Human Physiol. Hoh Xil Region: 74 (1996)
Distribution: China (Qinghai)
36 CHI
species :
Gentiana cristata H.Sm.; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 26: 251 (1965)
Distribution: China (NW-Yunnan, SW-Sichuan)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
species :
Gentiana cruciata L.; Sp. Pl. 231 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. cruciata
Name: Kreuz-Enzian, Star gentian
Distribution: Albania; Austria; Belgium; Luxembourg; Bulgaria; Czech Republic; Slovakia; France; Germany; Greece; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Netherlands; NE-Spain; ?Andorra; Hungary; Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Macedonia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Serbia & Kosovo; Montenegro; Poland; Romania; N-European Russia; C-European Russia; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; Moldova; Crimea; Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia [Caucasus]; Siberia (W-Siberia); Kazakhstan; Turkey (E-Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia); Iran (N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan); USA [I] (Massachusetts [I])
11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 FRA SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA MNT NMA ROM SLV SRB 14 BLR EST KRY LAT LIT MLD RUS 30 SIB 32 KAZ 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN TUR 75 usa
Remarks: Sect. Cruciata
Synonyms: hidden
= Cruciata verticillata Gilib., Fl. Lituan. 1: 36 (1781)
= Dasystephana cruciata (L.) Adans., (1763)
= Ericala cruciata (L.) G.Don, Gen. Hist. 4: 191 (1837)
= Ericoila cruciata (L.) Borkh., Roem. Arch. 1: I. 27 (1796)
= Gentianella cruciata (L.) Moench, Meth. Suppl. 183 (1794)
= Gentianusa cruciata (L.) Pohl, Tentamen Fl. Bohemiae, 1: 250 (1810)
= Hippion cruciatum (L.) F.W.Schmidt, Fl. Boem. 2: 14 (1796)
= Pneumonanthe cruciata (L.) Zuev, Bot. Zhurn., 70(7): 921 (1985)
= Tretorhiza cruciata (L.) Delarbre, Fl. Auv. ed. II. 1: 24 (1800)
= Tretorhiza cruciata (L.) Opiz, comb. superfl.
= Gentiana septemfida ssp. owerinii (Grossh.) Halda, Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Nat., 3(1): 20 (1995)
= Dasystephana owerinii (Kuzn.) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(3-4): 200 1979 (1980)
= Gentiana cruciata var. owerinii Kuzn.
= Gentiana owerinii (Kuzn.) Grossh., Opred. Rast. Kavk. 275 (1949)
subspecies :
subsp. phlogifolia (Schott & Kotschy) Tutin; Bot. Jour. L. Soc. 64: 378 (1971)
Distribution: Greece; Romania; Slovakia; ?Ukraine
11 SLO 13 GRC ROM
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana phlogifolia Schott & Kotschy, Bot. Zeit. 9: 151 (1851)
= Gentiana depressa Schur, Verh. Siebenb. Ver. Naturw. 4: 49 (1853)
= Gentiana fibriscincta Schur, Enum. Pl. Transs. 457 (1866)
= Gentiana lasiopoda Schur, Enum. Pl. Transs. 457 (1866)
= Tretorhiza cruciata ssp. phlogifolia (Schott & Kotschy) Á.Löve & D.Löve, Taxon, 35(4): 899 (1986)
= Tretorhiza phlogifolia (Schott & Kotschy) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(3-4): 201 1979 (1980)
species :
Gentiana cruttwellii H.Sm.; Kew Bull., 225 (1957)
Distribution: New Guinea
42 NWG
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana cinereifolia Royen, Nova Guinea, Bot., No. 17, 404 (1964)
= Gentiana nerterifolia Royen, Nova Guinea, Bot., No. 17, 381 (1964)
= Gentiana alpinipalustris P.Royen, Alp. Fl. New Guinea, 4: 2807 (1983)
species :
Gentiana cuneibarba H.Sm.; Anz. Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.-Nat., 63: 102 (1926)
Distribution: SE-Tibet; China (NW-Yunnan); N-Myanmar; Bhutan
36 CHI TIB 40 BHU 41 MYA
Remarks: Sect. Fimbricorona
species :
Gentiana curvianthera T.N.Ho; Acta Biol. Plat. Sin., 1984(3): 25 (1984)
Distribution: China (W-Sichuan)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana choanantha ssp. curvianthera (T.N.Ho) Halda, Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Nat., 3(1): 43 (1995)
species :
Gentiana curviphylla T.N.Ho; Acta Biol. Plat. Sin., 1984(3): 27 (1984)
Distribution: China (W-Sichuan, Yunnan)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana crassuloides ssp. curviphylla (T.N.Ho) Halda, Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Nat., 3(1): 41 (1995)
species :
Gentiana dahurica Fisch.; Mem. Soc. Nat. Mosc. 3: 63 (1812)
Distribution: Siberia (C-Siberia); Mongolia; China (Hebei, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, N-Sichuan, NW-Sichuan)
30 SIB 36 CHI 37 MON
Remarks: Sect. Cruciata
Synonyms: hidden
= Dasystephana dahurica (Fisch.) V.Zuev, Bot. Zhurn., 75(9): 1301 (1990)
= Gentiana biflora Regel ex Kuzn., Act. Hort. Petrop. 13: 62 (1893), et Etud. monog. Sous-genre Eugentiana 176 (1894)
= Gentiana dahurica var. gracilipes (Turrill) Ma, (1964)
= Gentiana gracilipes Turrill, Bot. Mag. t. 8630 (1915)
= Gentiana kurroo Royle var. brevidens Maxim. ex Kuzn.
= Gentiana pseudodecumbens Harry Sm., Kew Bull., 130 (1937)
= Gentiana tianschanica var. koslowii Kuzn.
= Pneumonanthe dahurica (Fisch.) Zuev, Bot. Zhurn., 70(7): 921 (1985)
= Tretorhiza biflora (Reg. & Kuzn.) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(3-4): 200 1979 (1980)
= Tretorhiza dahurica (Fisch.) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(3-4): 200 1979 (1980)
variant :
var. campanulata T.N.Ho; Bull. Bot. Res. North-East. Forest. Inst., 4(1): 75 (1984)
Distribution: China (NW-Sichuan)
36 CHI
species :
Gentiana daochengensis T.N.Ho; Acta Biol. Plat. Sin., 1984(3): 44 (1984)
Distribution: China (SW-Sichuan)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana riparia ssp. daochengensis (T.N.Ho) Halda, Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Nat., 3(1): 39 (1995)
species :
Gentiana davidii Franch.; Pl. Davidian. 1: 211 (1884)
Distribution: China (Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Zhejiang); Taiwan
36 CHI 38 TAI
Remarks: Sect. Monopodiae
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentianodes davidii (Franch.) Á.Löve & D.Löve, Bot. Notiser, 125(3): 257 (1972)
= Gentiana atkinsonii Burkill, Journ. Proc. As. Soc. Beng. n. s. 2: 309 (1906)
variant :
var. fukienensis (Y.Ling) T.N.Ho; Novon, 4(4): 370 (1994)
Distribution: China (Fujian)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana fukienensis Y.Ling, Contrib. Inst. Bot. Nation. Acad. Peiping, 6(4): 217 (1949)
variant :
var. formosana (Hayata) T.N.Ho; Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 62: 103 (1988)
Distribution: Taiwan
38 TAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana formosana Hayata, Journ. Coll. Sci. Tokyo, 22: 242 (1906)
= Gentiana atkinsonii var. formosana (Hayata) Yamam., (1936)
= Gentiana fasciculata Hayata, Journ. Coll. Sci. Tokyo, 25: Art. 19, 165 (1908)
species :
Gentiana decemfida Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don; Prod. Fl. Nep. 127 (1825)
Distribution: Nepal; Pakistan (Pakistani Punjab); NW-India
40 IND NEP PAK
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Ericala decemfida Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don, Trans. L. Soc. 17: 514 (1837)
= Ericala royleana Wall. ex G.Don, Gen. Hist. 4: 191 (1837)
= Gentiana riparia Buch.-Ham. ex Wall., Cat. n. 4392 (1830)
= Gentiana royleana Wall., Cat. n. 4393 (1830)
= Gentianodes decemfida (Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don) Omer, Ali & Qaiser, Pakistan J. Bot., 20(1): 14 (1988)
= Varasia decemfida (Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(3-4): 201 1979 (1980)
variant :
var. aprica (Decne.) C.B.Clarke; Fl. Brit. Ind. 4: 112 (1883)
Distribution: Nepal; Pakistan (Hazara, Pakistani Punjab); NW-India (Poonch, ?Jammu)
40 IND NEP PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentianodes aprica (Decne.) Omer, Ali & Qaiser, Pakistan J. Bot., 20(1): 15 (1988)
= Varasia aprica (Decne.) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(3-4): 201 1979 (1980)
= Gentiana aprica Decne., Jacquem. Voy. Bot. 112. t. 118 (1844)
= Gentiana listeri Burkill, Journ. As. Soc. Beng. n. s. 2: 314 (1906)
species :
Gentiana decora Pollard; Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington. 13: 131 (1900)
Name: Showy gentian
Distribution: USA (Georgia, Kentucky, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia)
75 USA 78 USA
Remarks: Sect. Pneumonanthe
Synonyms: hidden
= Pneumonanthe decora (Pollard) Greene, Leaflets Bot. Obs. 1: 71 (1904)
= Dasystephana decora (Pollard) Small, Fl. S. E. U. S. 930 (1903)
species :
Gentiana decumbens L.fil.; Suppl. 174 (1781)
Distribution: C-European Russia; E-European Russia; Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Kazakhstan; Mongolia; China (NW-Xinjiang)
14 RUS 30 SIB 32 KAZ 36 CHI 37 MON
Remarks: Sect. Cruciata
Synonyms: hidden
= Ciminalis decumbens (L.fil.) Bercht. & J.Presl, Rostl. 1: Gentian. 10 (1823)
= Dasystephana adscendens (Pall.) Borkh., Roem. Archiv, 1: t. 26 (1796)
= Dasystephana decumbens (L.fil.) V.Zuev, Bot. Zhurn., 75(9): 1301 (1990)
= Dasystephana sangilenica Zuev, Bot. Zhurn., 77(2): 96 (1992)
= Eyrythalia gebleri G.Don, Sweet, Hort. Brit. ed. III. 471 (1839)
= Eyrythalia gebleria Steud., Nom. ed. II. 1: 618 (1840)
= Gentiana adscendens Pall., Fl. Ross. 1: II. 106. t. 94 (1789)
= Gentiana gebleri Ledeb. ex Bunge, Nouv. Mem. Soc. Nat. Mosc. 1: 211. t. 8 (1829)
= Gentiana punctata Pall., Reise, 3: 317 non L. 1753
= Gentiana sangilenica (Zuev) Czerep., Vasc. Pl. Russia & Adj. States (former USSR): 269 (1995)
= Pneumonanthe adscendens F.W.Schmidt, Roem. Arch. 1: I. 10 (1796)
= Tretorhiza decumbens (L.fil.) Á.Löve & D.Löve, Taxon, 35(4): 899 (1986)
= Tretorhiza decumbens (L.fil.) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(3-4): 200 1979 (1980)
species :
Gentiana delavayi Franch.; Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 31: 377 (1884)
Distribution: China (SW-Sichuan, N-Yunnan)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Microsperma
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentianodes delavayi (Franch.) Á.Löve & D.Löve, Bot. Notiser, 125(3): 257 (1972)
species :
Gentiana delicata Hance; Journ. Bot. 21: 324 (1883)
Distribution: China (Anhui, Zhejiang, Fujian)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana rubicunda ssp. delicata (Hance) Halda, Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Nat., 3(1): 42 (1995)
= Gentiana heterostemon var. chingii Marquand, (1931)
= Gentiana rubicunda var. delicata (Hance) Marquand, (1937)
species :
Gentiana deltoidea H.Sm.; Hand.-Mazz. Symb. Sin. Pt. v11. 966 (1936)
Distribution: China (SW-Sichuan, NW-Yunnan)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
species :
Gentiana dendrologii Marquand; Kew Bull., 79 (1931)
Distribution: China (N-Sichuan, W-Sichuan)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Cruciata
species :
Gentiana densiflora T.N.Ho; Novon, 4(4): 369 (1994)
Distribution: China (Guizhou, E-Sichuan, W-Hubei)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
species :
Gentiana depressa D.Don; Prod. Fl. Nep. 125 (1825) ex C. E. C. Fisch. & Kaul, Kew Bull., 268 (1940), descr. ampl.
Distribution: S-Tibet; Nepal; Bhutan; S-India (Madras); N-India (Sikkim, Chumbi)
36 TIB 40 BHU IND NEP
Remarks: Sect. Isomeria
Synonyms: hidden
= Ericala depressa D.Don ex G.Don, Gen. Hist. 4: 189 (1837)
= Gentiana contorta Falc. ex C.B.Clarke, Journ. L. Soc. 14: 438 (1875)
= Gentianodes depressa (D.Don ex G.Don) Á.Löve & D.Löve, Bot. Notiser, 125(3): 257 (1972)
= Pneumonanthe depressa D.Don ex G.Don, Phil. Mag. (1836) 76, et in Trans. L. Soc. 17: 510 (1837)
variant :
var. stenophylla T.N.Ho; Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 57 (1993)
Distribution: Nepal
40 NEP
species :
Gentiana dinarica (Beck) Beck; Ann. Naturh. Hofmus. Wien, 2: 128 t. 4 fig. 10 (1887), et Verh. K. K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 38: 790 (1888)
Distribution: N-Albania; C-Italy; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo
13 ALB BIH CRO ITA KOS MNT SRB
Remarks: Sect. Ciminalis
Synonyms: hidden
= Ciminalis dinarica (Beck) Holub, Folia Geobot. Phytotax., 8(2): 171 (1973)
= Gentiana acaulis ssp. dinarica (Beck) Barina, Phytotaxa 378(1): 323 (2018)
= Gentiana acaulis var. dinarica Beck, Ann. K. K. Naturhist. Hofmus. 2(Heft 2): 128, t. 4, fig. 10 (1887)
species :
Gentiana divaricata T.N.Ho; Acta Biol. Plat. Sin., 1984(3): 19 (1984)
Distribution: China (SW-Sichuan)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
species :
Gentiana diversifolia Merr.; Philipp. Journ. Sci. 1: Suppl. 224 (1906)
Distribution: Philippines (Luzon)
42 PHI
species :
Gentiana dolichocalyx T.N.Ho; Acta Phytotax. Sin., 23(1): 43 (1985)
Distribution: China (NW-Sichuan, SE-Qinghai)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Kudoa
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana helophila ssp. dolichocalyx (T.N.Ho) Halda, Genus Gentiana: 93 (1997)
species :
Gentiana douglasiana Bong.; Mem. Acad. Petersb. 2: 156 (1833)
Name: Swamp gentian
Distribution: Alaska; USA (Washington State); Canada (British Columbia)
70 ASK 71 CDN 73 USA
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Ericala douglasiana (Bong.) G.Don, Gen. Hist. 4: 189 (1837)
= Gentiana douglasiana var. patens Griseb., Fl. Bor. Amer. (Hook.) 2: 60, tab. 148B (1837)
species :
Gentiana duclouxii Franch.; Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 46: 305 (1899)
Distribution: China (C-Yunnan, W-Yunnan)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Monopodiae
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentianodes duclouxii (Franch.) Á.Löve & D.Löve, Bot. Notiser, 125(3): 257 (1972)
species :
Gentiana durangensis Villarreal; Acta Bot. Mex., 34: 49 (1996)
Distribution: Mexico (Durango)
79 MEX
Remarks: Sect. Pneumonanthe
species :
Gentiana ecaudata Marquand; Kew Bull., 51 (1928)
Distribution: SE-Tibet; China (NW-Yunnan)
36 CHI TIB
Remarks: Sect. Kudoa
species :
Gentiana elmeriana Halda; Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Nat., 3(1): 46 (1995), nom. nov.
Distribution: Philippines (Mindanao)
42 PHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Amarella copelandii Greene, Leafl. Bot. Observ. Crit. 1: 53 (-54) (1904)
= Gentiana copelandii (Greene) Elmer, Leaflets Philipp. Bot. 7: 2671 (1915)
= Gentiana eximia Eastw., Leafl. West. Bot. 1: 96 (1934)
species :
Gentiana elwesii C.B.Clarke; Hook. fil. Fl. Brit. Ind. 4: 115 (1883)
Distribution: S- & SE-Tibet; Bhutan; Nepal; N-India (Sikkim, Chumbi, Arunachal Pradesh)
36 TIB 40 BHU IND NEP
Remarks: Sect. Isomeria
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentianodes elwesii (C.B.Clarke) Á.Löve & D.Löve, Bot. Notiser, 125(3): 257 (1972)
= Gentiana longepetiolata Kuzn., Act. Hort. Petrop. 13: 62 (1893), et Etud. monog. Sous-genre Eugentiana 137 (1894)
= Gentianodes longipetiolata (Kuzn.) Á.Löve & D.Löve, Bot. Notiser, 125(3): 257 (1972)
species :
Gentiana emodii C.Marquand ex Sealy; Bot. Mag., Lond. clxx. t. 230 (1954)
Distribution: S- & SE-Tibet; Bhutan; N-India (Sikkim, Chumbi)
36 TIB 40 BHU IND
Remarks: Sect. Isomeria
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana amoena C.B.Clarke, Hook. fil. Fl. Brit. Ind. 4: 115 (1883) nec Wedd. (1859)
= Gentianodes emodii (Marquand ex Sealy) Á.Löve & D.Löve, Bot. Notiser, 125(3): 257 (1972)
species :
Gentiana epichysantha Hand.-Mazz.; Anz. Akad. Wiss. Wien, 57: 173 (1920)
Distribution: China (NW-Yunnan, SW-Sichuan)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana dentiformis T.N.Ho, Acta Biol. Plat. Sin., 1984(3): 20 (1984)
= Gentiana panthaica var. epichysantha (Hand.-Mazz.) H.Sm., (1936)
species :
Gentiana erectosepala T.N.Ho; Acta Phytotax. Sin., 23(1): 47 (1985)
Distribution: SE-Tibet
36 TIB
Remarks: Sect. Frigidae
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana handeliana ssp. erectosepala (T.N.Ho) Halda, Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Nat., 3(1): 22 (1995)
species :
Gentiana ettingshausenii F.Muell.; Trans. Roy. Soc. Vict. N. S. I. 2: 27 (1889)
Distribution: New Guinea
42 NWG
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana giulianettii Hemsl., Kew Bull., 106 (1899)
= Gentiana lorentzii Koord., Lorentz, Nova Guinea, 8: 175 (1909)
= Gentiana wollastonii Wernham, Trans. L. Soc., Bot. 9: 118 (1916)
species :
Gentiana exigua H.Sm.; Hand.-Mazz. Symb. Sin. Pt. V11. 957 (1936)
Distribution: China (SW-Sichuan, NW-Yunnan)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
species :
Gentiana exquisita H.Sm.; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 26: 25 (1965)
Distribution: China (NW-Yunnan); NE-Myanmar
36 CHI 41 MYA
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
species :
Gentiana faucipilosa H.Sm.; Anz. Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.-Nat., 63: 102 (1926)
Distribution: SE-Tibet; China (NW-Yunnan)
36 CHI TIB
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana faucipilosa var. caudata C.Marquand, (1937)
species :
Gentiana fieldiana J.S.Pringle; Sida, 8(1): 24 (1979)
Distribution: Guatemala
80 GUA
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
species :
Gentiana filisepala T.N.Ho; Acta Biol. Plat. Sin., 1984(3): 21 (1984)
Distribution: China (W-Sichuan)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana rubicunda ssp. filisepala (T.N.Ho) Halda, Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Nat., 3(1): 42 (1995)
species :
Gentiana filistyla Balf.fil. & Forrest; Kew Bull., 60 (1928)
Distribution: SE-Tibet; China (NW-Yunnan); NE-Myanmar; Nepal
36 CHI TIB 40 NEP 41 MYA
Remarks: Sect. Isomeria
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana filistyla var. parviflora C.Marquand, (1937)
= Gentianodes filistyla (Balf.fil.) Á.Löve & D.Löve, Bot Notiser, 125(3): 257.(1972)
species :
Gentiana flavomaculata Hayata; Ic. Pl. Formos. 6: Suppl. (Gen. Ind. Fl. Formos.) 49 (1917)
Distribution: Taiwan
38 TAI
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana flavescens Hayata, Journ. Coll. Sci. Tokyo, 25: Art 19, 166(1908) non Schur (1866)
variant :
var. yuanyanghuensis Chih H.Chen & J.C.Wang; Bot. Bull. Acad. Sin. (´Taipei), 40(1): 21 (1999)
Distribution: Taiwan
38 TAI
species :
Gentiana flexicaulis H.Sm.; Kew Bull., 133 (1937)
Distribution: China (N-Sichuan)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
species :
Gentiana formosa H.Sm.; Anz. Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.-Nat., 63: 104 (1926)
Distribution: SE-Tibet; China (NW-Yunnan)
36 CHI TIB
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
species :
Gentiana forrestii C.Marquand; Kew Bull., 52 (1928)
Distribution: SE-Tibet; China (NW-Yunnan)
36 CHI TIB
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana pallescens (sphalm.pallida) H.Sm., Hand. Mazz. Symb. Sin. Pt. VII. 962 (1936), Marquand in Kew Bull., 172 (1937)
species :
Gentiana franchetiana Kuzn.; Etud. monog. Sous-genre Eugentiana 243 (1894), et Act. Hort. Petrop. 15: 385 (1904)
Distribution: China (SW-Sichuan, N-Yunnan, NW-Yunnan)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana pulla Franch. ex Hemsl., Journ. L. Soc. 26: 133 (1890) nec Griseb. (1874)
species :
Gentiana fremontii Torr.; Frem. Rep. 94 (1843)
Name: Moss gentian
Distribution: USA (Arizona, California, Colorado, Montana, New Mexico, Nevada, Utah, Wyoming); Canada (Alberta, Saskatchewan)
71 CDN 73 USA 76 USA 77 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Ciminalis fremontii (Torr.) W.A.Weber, Phytologia, 33(2): 105 (1976)
= Chondrophylla fremontii (Torr.) A.Nelson, Bull. Torr. Bot. Club, 245 (1904)
species :
Gentiana freyniana Bornm. ex Freyn; Österr. Bot. Zeitschr. 42: 345 (1892)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: Sect. Pneumonanthe
species :
Gentiana frigida Hänke; Jacq., Collect, Bot. 2, 13 (1789)
Name: Steirischer Enzian
Distribution: Austria; SW-Bulgaria; Slovakia; Poland; Romania; NW-Ukraine
11 AUT POL SLO 13 BUL ROM 14 UKR
Remarks: Sect. Frigidae
Synonyms: hidden
= Ciminalis frigida (Haenke) Bercht. & J.Presl, Rostl. 1: Gentian. 10 (1823)
= Dasystephana frigida (Haenke) V.Zuev, Bot. Zhurn., 75(9): 1301 (1990)
= Gentiana algida var. frigida (Haenke) Kuzn., Etud. monog. Sous-genre Eugentiana (1894)
= Gentiana albiflora Lam., Tabl. Encyc. 1: 483 (1793)
= Gentiana punctata Georgi, Reise, 1: 203 (1775)
= Gentianodes frigida (Haenke) Á.Löve & D.Löve, Bot. Notiser, 125(3): 256 (1972)
= Pneumonanthe frigida (Haenke) F.W.Schmidt, Roem. Arch. 1: I. 10 (1796)
species :
Gentiana froelichii Jan ex Rchb.; Fl. Germ. Excurs. 865 (1832)
subspecies :
subsp. froelichii
Name: Karawanken-Enzian
Distribution: Austria; NE-Italy; Slovenia
11 AUT 13 ITA SLV
Remarks: Sect. Frigidae
Synonyms: hidden
= Favargera froelichii (Jan) Á.Löve & D.Löve, Bot. Notiser. 125(3): 256 (1972)
= Gentiana carnica Welw. ex Rchb., Fl. Germ. Excurs. 865 (1838)
= Gentiana hladnikiana Host ex Koch, Syn. Fl. Germ. ed, f. 488 (1844)
subspecies :
subsp. zenariae F.Martini & Poldini; Willdenowia, 18(1): 23 (1988)
Distribution: NE-Italy (Venetian Alps)
13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana zenariae (F.Martini & Poldini) Landolt, Fl. Indicativa 269 (2010)
species :
Gentiana futtereri Diels & Gilg; Futterer, Durch Asien, Bot. repr. 14 (1903)
Distribution: E-Tibet; China (SE-Qinghai)
36 CHI TIB
Remarks: Sect. Kudoa
species :
Gentiana gelida M.Bieb.; Fl. Taur.-Caucasus 1: 196 (1808)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia); Iran (N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan); Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia [Caucasus]
33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN TUR
Remarks: Sect. Pneumonanthe
Synonyms: hidden
= Dasystephana gelida (M.Bieb.) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(3-4): 200 1979 (1980)
= Gentiana algida Stev., Mem. Soc. Nat. Mosc. 3: 249 (1812)
= Gentiana araratica Adams ex Griseb., Gen. et Sp. Gent. 285 (1838)
= Pneumonanthe gelida (M.Bieb.) G.Don, Gen. Hist. 4: 194 (1837)
species :
Gentiana georgei Diels; Notes Bot. Gard Edin. 5: 221 (1912)
Distribution: China (S-Gansu, S-Qinghai, N-Sichuan, NW-Yunnan); SE-Tibet
36 CHI TIB
Remarks: Sect. Kudoa
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana georgei Comber, Gard. Chron., Ser. III. c. 15, 42, anglice (1936)
species :
Gentiana gilvostriata Marquand; Kew Bull., 83 (1931)
Distribution: SE-Tibet; China (NW-Yunnan); Bhutan; NE-India (Assam); NE-Myanmar (Kachin)
36 CHI TIB 40 BHU IND 41 MYA
Remarks: Sect. Isomeria
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana gilvostriata var. stricta C.Marquand, (1937)
species :
Gentiana glabriuscula Harry Sm. ex T.N.Ho; Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 58 (1993)
Distribution: Bhutan; N-India (Sikkim); S-Tibet
36 TIB 40 BHU IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana pedicellata ssp. glabriuscula (Harry Sm. ex T.N.Ho) Halda, Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Nat., 3(1): 38 (1995)
species :
Gentiana glauca Pall.; Fl. Ross. 1: II. 104. t. 93, f. 2 (1789)
Name: Pale gentian
Distribution: Alaska; USA (Montana, Washington State); Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Northern Territories, Yukon); Japan (Hokkaido); Russian Far East (Kuril Isl., Kamchatka); Siberia (E-Siberia, C-Siberia)
30 SIB 31 RFE 38 JAP 70 ASK CDN 71 CDN 73 USA
Remarks: Sect. Isomeria
Synonyms: hidden
= Ciminalis glauca (Pall.) Bercht. & J.Presl, Rostl. 1: Gentian. 11 (1823)
= Coilantha glauca (Pall.) G.Don, Gen. Hist. 4: 185 (1837)
= Dasistepha cespitosa Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 19 (1837)
= Dasystephana glauca (Pall.) Borkh., Roem. Archiv, 1: t. 26 (1796)
= Dasystephana glauca (Pall.) Rydb., Bull. Torr. Bot. Club, 40: 464 (1913)
= Gentiana caespitosa Graham, Edinb. N. Phil. Journ. 367 (1830)
= Gentianodes glauca (Pall.) Á.Löve & D.Löve, Bot. Notiser, 125(3): 257 (1972)
= Pneumonanthe glauca (Pall.) F.W.Schmidt, Roem. Arch. 1: I. 10 (1796)
species :
Gentiana globosa T.N.Ho; Acta Biol. Plat. Sin., 1984(3): 40 (1984)
Distribution: China (SW-Sichuan); SE-Tibet; Nepal
36 CHI TIB 40 NEP
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana albicalyx ssp. globosa (T.N.Ho) Halda, Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Nat., 3(1): 35 (1995)
species :
Gentiana grandiflora Laxm.; Nov. Comm. Acad. Petrop. 18: 526. t. 6, f. 1 (1774)
Distribution: Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); SE-Kazakhstan; NW-Mongolia
30 SIB 32 KAZ 37 MON
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Ciminalis grandiflora (Laxm.) Zuev, Bot. Zhurn., 70(7): 920 (1985)
= Diploma altaica (Laxm.) Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 19 (1837)
= Ericala altaica (Laxm.) G.Don, Gen. Hist. 4: 189 (1837)
= Ericoila altaica (Laxm.) Borkh., Roem. Arch. 1: I. 27 (1796)
= Gentiana altaica Laxm., Nov. Comm. Acad. Petrop. 18: 526 (1774)
= Gentiana longiflora Lam., Tabl. Encyc. 1: 485 (1793)
= Hippion altaicum (Laxm.) F.W.Schmidt, Roem. Arch. 1: I. 10, 14 (1796)
= Varasia grandiflora (Laxm.) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(3-4): 201 1979 (1980)
= Xolemia longiflora (Lam.) Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 22 (1837)
species :
Gentiana grata H.Sm.; Anz. Akad. Wiss. Wien Math.-Nat., 63: 103 (1926)
Distribution: China (NW-Yunnan)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
species :
Gentiana grumii Kuzn.; Act. Hort. Petrop. 13: 63 (1893), et Etud. monog. Sous-genre Eugentiana 246 (1894)
Distribution: China (Qinghai, Gansu)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana ivanoviczii C.Marquand, Kew Bull., 173 (1937)
= Gentiana maximowiczii Kuzn., Bull. Acad. sci. St. Petersb. 34: 505 (1892), et Etud. Sous-genre Eugentiana 236 (1894)
species :
Gentiana gyirongensis T.N.Ho; Bull. Bot. Res. North-East. Forest. Inst., 4(1): 79 (1984)
Distribution: SW-Tibet; Nepal
36 TIB 40 NEP
Remarks: Sect. Dolichocarpa
species :
Gentiana handeliana H.Sm.; Anz. Akad. Wiss. Wien Math.-Nat., 63: 98 (1926)
Distribution: SE-Tibet; China (NW-Yunnan); NE-Myanmar
36 CHI TIB 41 MYA
Remarks: Sect. Frigidae
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana handeliana var. brevisepala C.Marquand, (1931)
= Gentiana stictantha C.Marquand, Kew Bull., 57 (1928)
species :
Gentiana haraldi-smithii Halda; Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Nat., 3(1): 46 (1995)
Distribution: Sulawesi
42 SUL
species :
Gentiana harrowiana Diels; Notes Bot. Gard. Edin. 5: 221 (1912)
Distribution: SE-Tibet; China (NW-Yunnan); NE-Myanmar
36 CHI TIB 41 MYA
Remarks: Sect. Isomeria
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana streptopoda Balf.fil. & Forrest, Kew Bull., 61 (1928)
species :
Gentiana haynaldii Kanitz; Pl. exped. Szechenyi in As. centr. coll. 39 (1891)
Distribution: China (SW-Qinghai, W-Sichuan, NW-Yunnan); SE-Tibet
36 CHI TIB
Remarks: Sect. Dolichocarpa
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana rockhillii Hemsl., Journ. L. Soc. 30: 137 (1894)
= Gentiana scariosa Balf.fil. & Forrest, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 4: 74 (1907)
species :
Gentiana heleonastes H.Sm.; Kew Bull., 132 (1937)
Distribution: China (S-Qinghai, N-Sichuan)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
species :
Gentiana helophila Balf.fil. & Forrest; Kew Bull., 60 (1928)
Distribution: China (NW-Yunnan)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Kudoa
species :
Gentiana hesseliana Hosseus; Fedde, Repert. 9: 465 (1911)
Distribution: N-Thailand; ?Vietnam
41 THA
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
species :
Gentiana hexaphylla Maxim. ex Kuzn.; Bull. Acad. sci. St. Petersb. 35: 349 (1894), et Etud. monog. Sous-genre Eugentiana 126 (1894)
Distribution: China (S-Gansu, SE-Qinghai, N-Sichuan, W-Sichuan)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Kudoa
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana hexaphylla var. caudata C.Marquand, (1931)
= Gentiana hexaphylla var. septemloba Harry Sm., (1937)
= Gentiana ×quaterna var. octoloba Harry Sm., (1937)
= Gentiana ×quaterna ssp. sankarensis Harry Sm., (1937)
= Gentianodes hexaphylla (Maxim.) Á.Löve & D.Löve, Bot. Notiser, 125(3): 257 (1972)
species :
Gentiana himalayaensis T.N.Ho; Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 57 (1993), nom. nov.
Distribution: S- & SE-Tibet; Bhutan; Nepal; N-India (Sikkim)
36 TIB 40 BHU IND NEP
Remarks: Sect. Frigidae
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana nubigena var. parviflora C.B.Clarke, (1883) (non G. parviflora Gilg (1896))
= Gentiana algida var. parviflora (C.B.Clarke) Kuzn., (1898)
species :
Gentiana hirsuta Ma & E.W.Ma ex T.N.Ho; Acta Biol. Plat. Sin., 1984(3): 38 (1984)
Distribution: China (W-Sichuan)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
species :
Gentiana hooperi J.S.Pringle; Sida, 7(2): 193 (1977)
Distribution: Mexico (Durango, Sinaloa)
79 MEX
Remarks: Sect. Pneumonanthe
species :
Gentiana hsinganica J.H.Yu; Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin 32(1): 1 (2012)
Distribution: China (Nei Mongol)
36 CHI
species :
Gentiana hugelii Griseb.; DC. Prod. 9: 108 (1845) (huegelii?)
Distribution: NW-India (Zanskar, ?Ladakh); W-Tibet
36 TIB 40 IND
Remarks: Sect. Fimbricorona
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana marginata var. hugelii (Griseb.) S.Agrawal, Indian J. Forest., 7(1): 56 (1984)
= Qaisera hugelii (Griseb.) Omer, Bot. Jahrb., 111(2): 210 (1989)
= Gentiana hugelii Griseb. ex Stapf, Journ. As. Soc. Beng. n. s. 2: 337 (1906)
species :
Gentiana huxleyi Kuzn.; Act. Hort. Petrop. 13: 64 (1893), et in Bull. Acad. sci. St. Petersb. 35: 280 (1894)
Distribution: Pakistan (Chitral, Swat); Afghanistan (Kunar / Nuristan, Parwan); S-Tibet; Nepal; N-India (Sikkim, Kumaon); Bhutan
34 AFG 36 TIB 40 BHU IND NEP PAK
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana kumaonensis Biswas, Hook. Ic. Pl. 34: t. 3359 (1938)
= Gentiana sagarmathae Miyam. & H.Ohba, J. Jap. Bot., 71(1):45 (1996)
= Gentianodes huxleyi (Kuzn.) Omer, Ali & Qaiser, Pakistan J. Bot., 20(1): 5 (1988)
= Varasia huxleyi (Kuzn.) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(3-4): 201 1979 (1980)
species :
Gentiana inconspicua H.Sm.; Kew Bull., 131 (1937)
Distribution: China (N-Sichuan)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
species :
Gentiana intricata C.Marquand; Kew Bull., 170 (1937)
Distribution: SE-Tibet; China (NW-Yunnan)
36 CHI TIB
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana fastigiata Franch., Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 31: 373 (1884) non Benth. (1844)
= Varasia fastigiata (Franch.) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(3-4): 201 1979 (1980)
species :
Gentiana itzershanensis T.S.Liu & Chin C.Kuo; Bull. Exp. Forest Nation. Taiwan Univ., 114: 181 (1974)
Distribution: Taiwan
38 TAI
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana scabrida ssp. itzershanensis (T.S.Liu & Chin C.Kuo) Halda, Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Nat., 3(1): 39, 43 (1995)
species :
Gentiana jamesii Hemsl.; Journ. L. Soc. 26: 128 (1890)
Distribution: Japan (Hokkaido); Russian Far East (Kuril Isl.); North Korea; South Korea; China (Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning)
31 RFE 36 CHI 38 JAP KOR NKO
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Ciminalis jamesii (Hemsl.) Zuev, Konspekt Fl. Aziatsk. Rossii 365 (2012)
= Gentiana jamesii f. albiflora (Nakai) Toyok., Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 16: 116 (1956)
= Gentiana jamesii var. albiflora Nakai, Icon. Pl. Koisikav 3: 25 (1916)
= Gentiana jamesii var. kawakamii (Makino) Nakai, Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus., Tokyo 31: 93 (1952)
= Gentiana kawakamii (Makino) Makino, Bot. Mag. Tokyo, 18: 67 (1904)
= Gentiana kurilensis Grossh., Kom., Fl. URSS, 18: 750 (1952)
= Gentiana nipponica var. karakamii Makino, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 17: 212 (1903)
= Gentianodes jamesii (Hemsl.) Á.Löve & D.Löve, Bot. Notiser, 125(3): 257 (1972)
= Varasia jamesii (Hemsl.) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(3-4): 201 1979 (1980)
species :
Gentiana jarmilae Halda; Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Nat., 3(1): 28 (1995), nom. nov.
Distribution: N-Borneo
42 BOR
Remarks: Sect. Monopodiae
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana clementis Merr., Philipp. Journ. Sc., Bot., 13: 120 (1918) (non Rydb. 1910)
species :
Gentiana jingdongensis T.N.Ho; Acta Phytotax. Sin., 23(1): 46 (1985)
Distribution: China (C-Yunnan)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Monopodiae
species :
Gentiana jouyana Hul; Adansonia ser. 3, 24(1): 37 (2002)
Distribution: Vietnam
41 VIE
species :
Gentiana kaohsiungensis Chih H.Chen & J.C.Wang; Bot. Bull. Acad. Sin. (Taipei), 40(1): 24 (1999)
Distribution: Taiwan
38 TAI
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
species :
Gentiana karelinii Griseb.; DC. Prod. 9: 106 (1845)
Distribution: Siberia (W-Siberia); Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Mongolia; Uzbekistan; China (N-Xinjiang); NE-Pakistan (Karakorum)
30 SIB 32 KAZ KGZ TZK UZB 36 CHI 37 MON 40 PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Ciminalis karelinii (Griseb.) Omer, Edinburgh J. Bot. 50(1): 67 (1993), comb. superfl.
= Ciminalis karelinii (Griseb.) V.Zuev, Bot. Zhurn., 75(9): 1302 (1990)
= Gentiana prostrata var. karelinii (Griseb.) Kuzn.
= Gentiana longipes Turcz.
= Gentiana variabilis Rupr., Sert. Tiansch. 60 (1869)
= Varasia karelinii (Griseb.) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(3-4): 202 1979 (1980)
species :
Gentiana kaufmanniana Regel & Schmalh.; Act. Hort. Petrop. 6: 331 (1879)
subspecies :
subsp. kaufmanniana
Distribution: Siberia (W-Siberia); Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; China (N-Xinjiang); Pakistan
30 SIB 32 KAZ KGZ TZK 36 CHI 40 PAK
Remarks: Sect. Cruciata
Synonyms: hidden
= Dasystephana kauffmanniana (Regel & Schmalh.) Revushk. & Borovik, Turczaninowia 22(3): 136 (2019)
= Gentianodes kaufmanniana (Reg. & Schmalh.) Omer, Ali & Qaiser, Pakistan J. Bot., 20(1): 17 (1988)
= Tretorhiza kaufmanniana (Regel & Schmalh.) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(3-4): 201 1979 (1980)
subspecies :
subsp. affghanica (Kuzn.) Schiman-Czeika; Fl. Iranica 4: 14 (1967)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Bamyan, Wardak); Pakistan (Waziristan)
34 AFG 40 PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana kaufmanniana var. affghanica Kuzn., (1893)
= Gentianodes kaufmaniana ssp. affghanica (Kuzn.) Omer, Ali & Qaiser, Pakistan J. Bot., 20(1): 17 (1988)
species :
Gentiana khammouanensis Hul; Edinburgh J. Bot. 64(2): 173 (2007)
Distribution: Laos
41 LAO
species :
Gentiana kitadakensis N.Yonez.; Acta Phytotax. Geobot., 40(1-4): 7 (1989)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
Remarks: Sect. Pneumonanthe
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana scabra var. kitadakensis (N.Yonez.) Halda, Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Nat., 3(1): 20 (1995)
= Gentiana scabra f. kitadakensis (N.Yonez.) Toyok., Fl. Japan, 3a: 150 (1993)
= Gentiana scabra var. kitadakensis (N.Yonez.) T.Shimizu, Fl. Nagano Pref : 1509 (1997) (isonym)
species :
Gentiana kunmingensis S.W.Liu ex T.N.Ho; Novon, 4(4): 369 (1994)
Distribution: China (Yunnan)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana maeulchanensis ssp. kunmingensis (S.W.Liu) Halda, Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Nat., 3(1): 38 (1995)
species :
Gentiana kurroo Royle; Illustr. Bot. Himal. 278. t. 68, f. 2 (1835)
Distribution: Nepal; Pakistan (Kurram, Hazara, Murree); NW-India (Poonch, Kashmir); Myanmar
40 IND NEP PAK 41 MYA
Remarks: Sect. Cruciata
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentianodes kurroo (Royle) Omer, Ali & Qaiser, Pakistan J. Bot., 20(1): 16 (1988)
= Pneumonanthe kurroo (Royle) G.Don, Phil. Mag. 75 (1836), Royle, Illustr. Bot. Himal. 278
= Tretorhiza kurroo (Royle) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(3-4): 201 1979 (1980)
variant :
var. lowndesii (Blatt.) T.N.Ho; A Worldwide Monograph of Gentiana: 172 (2001)
Distribution: Pakistan (Waziristan)
40 PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana lowndesii Blatt., Journ. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 35: 861 (1932)
= Gentianodes lowndesii (Blatt.) Omer, Ali & Qaiser, Pakistan J. Bot., 20(1): 17 (1988)
= Tretorhiza lowndesii (Blatt.) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(3-4): 201 1979 (1980)
species :
Gentiana kurumbae Anilkumar & Udayan; Taiwania 60(2): 82 (2015)
Distribution: India (Kerala)
40 IND
species :
Gentiana kwangsiensis T.N.Ho; Acta Biol. Plat. Sin., 1984(3): 23 (1984)
Distribution: China (Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Jiangxi)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana micans ssp. kwansiensis (T.N.Ho) Halda, Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Nat., 3(1): 44 (1995)
species :
Gentiana lacerulata H.Sm.; Kew Bull. 15: 52 (1961)
Distribution: S- & SE-Tibet; Bhutan; NE-India (Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Chumbi); Nepal
36 TIB 40 BHU IND NEP
Remarks: Sect. Isomeria
species :
Gentiana lacinulata T.N.Ho; Acta Biol. Plat. Sin., 1984(3): 18 (1984)
Distribution: SE-Tibet
36 TIB
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana muscicola ssp. lacinulata (T.N.Ho) Halda, Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Nat., 3(1): 35 (1995)
species :
Gentiana laevigata M.Martens & Galeotti; Bull. Acad. Brux. 11: I. 369 (1844)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Oaxaca)
79 MEX
Remarks: Sect. Pneumonanthe
variant :
var. hintoniorum (B.L.Turner) T.N.Ho; A Worldwide Monograph of Gentiana: 314 (2001)
Distribution: Mexico (Nuevo Leon, Tamaulipas)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana hintoniorum B.L.Turner, Phytologia, 80(2): 118 (1996)
species :
Gentiana langbianensis A.Chev. ex Hul; Adansonia, 21(2): 248 (1999)
subspecies :
subsp. langbianensis
Distribution: Vietnam
41 VIE
subspecies :
subsp. kerriana Hul; Fl. Cambodge, Laos & Vietnam 31: 39 (2003)
Distribution: Laos
41 LAO
species :
Gentiana laotica Soulad., Tagane & Yahara; Thai Forest Bull., Bot. 46(1): 72 (2018)
Distribution: Laos
41 LAO
species :
Gentiana lateriflora Hemsl.; Kew Bull., 38 (1896)
Distribution: S-Sulawesi; N-Sumatra
42 SUL SUM
Remarks: Sect. Monopodiae
variant :
var. uncifolia (H.J.Lam) T.N.Ho; Acta Phytotax. Sin., 38(1): 10 (2000)
Distribution: Sulawesi
42 SUL
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana uncifolia H.J.Lam, Blumea, 5: 578 (1945)
species :
Gentiana latidens (House) J.S.Pringle & Weakley; Rhodora 111(947): 394 (2009)
Distribution: USA (North Carolina)
78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana saponaria var. latidens House, Muhlenbergia 6(7): 75 (1910)
species :
Gentiana lawrencei Burkill; Gard. Chron., II. 307 (1905)
Distribution: E-Tibet; China (SW-Gansu, W-Sichuan, Qinghai)
36 CHI TIB
Remarks: Sect. Kudoa
variant :
var. farreri (Balf.fil.) T.N.Ho; Novon 4(4): 371 (1994)
Distribution: E-Tibet; China (SW-Gansu, W-Sichuan, Qinghai)
36 CHI TIB
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana farreri Balf.fil., Trans. Bot. Soc. Edin. 27: 248 (1918)
= Gentiana lawrencei var. farreri (Balf.fil.) T.N.Ho, Novon, 4(4): 371 (1994)
= Gentianodes farreri (Balf.fil.) Á.Löve & D.Löve, Bot. Notiser, 125(3): 257 (1972)
species :
Gentiana laxiflora T.N.Ho; Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 56 (1993)
Distribution: SE-Tibet
36 TIB
Remarks: Sect. Frigidae
species :
Gentiana leroyana Hul; Adansonia, 21(2): 246 (1999)
Distribution: Laos
41 LAO
species :
Gentiana leucomelaena Maxim.; Mel. biol. Acad. Imp. 13: 175 (1891), et in Bull, Acad. sci. St. Petersb. 34: 505 (1892)
Distribution: Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); NW-India (Ladakh, Leh, Rupshu, Dras); NE-Pakistan (Gilgit, Karakorum, Baltistan); Nepal; SE-Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; N-Mongolia; Tajikistan; Uzbekistan; China (Gansu, Qinghai, Sichuan, Xinjiang); Tibet
30 SIB 32 KAZ KGZ TZK UZB 36 CHI TIB 37 MON 40 IND NEP PAK
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Ciminalis leucomelaena (Maxim.) Zuev, Bot. Zhurn., 70(7): 920 (1985)
= Ciminalis variegata Zuev, Bot. Zhurn., 71(10): 1406 (1986)
= Gentiana humilis var. evolutior C.B.Clarke, (1883)
= Gentiana leucomelaena var. alba Kuzn., (1894)
= Gentiana leucomelaena var. pusilla Krylov, (1904)
= Gentiana variegata (Zuev) Czerep., Vasc. Pl. Russia & Adj. States (former USSR): 270 (1995)
= Varasia leucomelaena (Maxim.) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(3-4): 202 1979 (1980)
species :
Gentiana lhassica Burkill; Journ. As. Soc. Beng. n. s. 2: 311 (1906)
Distribution: E-Tibet; China (SW-Qinghai)
36 CHI TIB
Remarks: Sect. Cruciata
species :
Gentiana licentii H.Sm.; Hand.-Mazz. Symb. Sin. Pt. v11. 952 (1936), et in Kew Bull.,132, descr. (1937)
Distribution: China (SE-Gansu, E-Sichuan, Shaanxi)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
species :
Gentiana ligustica Vilm. & Chopinet; Rapports Comm. VIII Congr. Internat. Bot., Sect. 21-27, 166 (1956)
Distribution: SE-France; NW-Italy; C-Italy
12 FRA 13 ITA
Remarks: Sect. Ciminalis
Synonyms: hidden
= Ciminalis ligustica (R.Vilm. & Chopinet) Holub, Folia Geobot. Phytotax., 8(2): 171 (1973)
species :
Gentiana linearis Froel.; Gent. Diss. 37 (1796)
Name: Narrowleaf gentian
Distribution: USA (Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Virginia, Vermont, West Virginia); Canada (Labrador, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Ontario, Québec)
71 CDN 72 CDN 75 USA 78 USA
Remarks: Sect. Pneumonanthe
Synonyms: hidden
= Ciminalis linearis (Froel.) Bercht. & J.Presl, Rostl. 1: Gentian. 11 (1823)
= Dasystephana linearis (Froel.) Britton, Britton & Brown, Ill. Fl. Ed. 2, 3: 13 (1913)
= Diploma hudsonica Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 27 (1837)
= Ericala linearis (Froel.) G.Don, Gen. Hist. 4: 190 (1837)
= Gentiana linearis f. blanchardii Fernald, Rhodora 19: 152 (1917)
= Gentiana pneumonanthe Michx., Fl. Bor. Amer. 1: 176 (1803)
= Gentiana pseudopneumonanthe Schult., Syst. 6: 146 (1820)
= Gentiana saponaria var. linearis (Froel.) Griseb., Fl. Bor. Amer. (Hook.) 2: 55 (1837)
= Gentiana saponaria var. froelichii Torr. & A.Gray, (1848)
= Gonipia linearis (Froel.) Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 24 (1837)
= Pneumonanthe media Raf., Fl. Tellur. III: 19, 28 (1836)
= Pneumonanthe michauxii G.Don, Gen. Hist. 4: 194 (1837)
= Pneumonanthe linearis (Froel.) Greene, Leaflets Bot. Obs. 1: 71 (1904)
= Pneumonanthe pseudopneumonanthe (Schult.) G.Don, Sweet, Hort. Brit. ed. III. 471 (1839)
species :
Gentiana lineolata Franch.; Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 31: 375 (1884)
Distribution: China (SW-Sichuan, Yunnan)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Microsperma
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentianodes lineolata (Franch.) Á.Löve & D.Löve, Bot. Notiser, 125(3): 257 (1972)
= Gentiana lineolata var. verticillaris F.B.Forbes & Hemsl., (1890)
species :
Gentiana linoides Franch. ex Hemsl.; Journ. L. Soc. 26: 129 (1890)
Distribution: China (NW-Yunnan)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Varasia linoides (Franch.) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(3-4): 202 1979 (1980)
species :
Gentiana loerzingii Ridl.; Kew Bull., 30 (1939)
Distribution: Sumatra
42 SUM
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
variant :
var. timida (Kerr) T.N.Ho; Acta Phytotax. Sin., 38(1): 10 (2000)
Distribution: N-Thailand
41 THA
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana timida Kerr, Kew Bull., 182 (1940)
species :
Gentiana longicollis G.L.Nesom; Phytologia, 69(2): 115 (1990)
Distribution: Mexico (Durango, Jalisco, Nayarit)
79 MEX
Remarks: Sect. Pneumonanthe
species :
Gentiana loureirii (G.Don) Griseb.; DC. Prod. 9: 108 (1845)
Distribution: Bhutan; NE-India; Myanmar; N- & NE-Thailand; Vietnam; Laos; China (Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Zhejiang); Taiwan
36 CHI 38 TAI 40 BHU IND 41 LAO MYA THA VIE
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Ericala loureirii G.Don, Gen. Hist. 4: 192 (1837)
= Gentiana aquatica Lour., Fl. Cochinch. 172 (1790) non L.
= Gentiana greenwayae Merr., Journ. Arn. Arb., 21: 382 (1940)
= Gentiana indica Steud., Nom. ed. II. 1: 674 (1840)
= Gentiana pedicellata var. rosulata Kuzn., (1904)
= Gentiana praticola ssp. greenwayae (Merr.) Halda, Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Nat., 3(1): 48 (1995)
= Varasia loureirii (Griseb.) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(3-4): 202 1979 (1980)
species :
Gentiana lowryi Hul; Adansonia ser. 3, 24(1): 39 (2002)
Distribution: Vietnam
41 VIE
species :
Gentiana ludingensis T.N.Ho; Acta Biol. Plat. Sin., 1984(3): 29 (1984)
Distribution: China (W-Sichuan)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana pseudosquarrosa ssp. ludingensis (T.N.Ho) Halda, Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Nat., 3(1): 41 (1995)
species :
Gentiana lutea L.; Sp. Pl. 227 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. lutea
Name: Gelber Enzian
Distribution: Austria; Corsica; France; Germany; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Spain; Andorra; Italy; Portugal; Sardinia; Czech Republic; Slovenia
11 AUT CZE GER LIE SWI 12 ADO COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ITA SLV
Remarks: Sect. Lutea
Synonyms: hidden
= Asterias hybrida G.Don, Gen. Hist. 4: 184 (1837)
= Asterias lutea (L.) Borkh., Roem. Arch. 1: I. 25 (1796)
= Coilantha biloba Bercht. & J.Presl, Rostl. 1: Gentian. 6 (1823)
= Gentiana major Bubani, Fl. Pyren. 1: 527 (1897)
= Gentianusa lutea (L.) Pohl, Tentamen Fl. Bohemiae, 1: 248 (1810)
= Lexipyretum luteum (L.) Dulac, Fl. Hautes-Pyr. 451 (1867)
= Swertia lutea (L.) Vest ex Rchb., Fl. Germ. Excurs. 429 (1838)
subspecies :
subsp. aurantiaca M.Laínz; Mis contrib. conocim. fl. Asturias: 61 (1982)
Distribution: NW-Spain
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana aurantiaca (M.Laínz) Silva Pando, Valdés Berm. & Rodr.Gracia, Nova Acta Cient. Compostel. (Biol.), 10: 26 (2000)
= Gentiana lutea var. aurantiaca (M.Laínz) M.Laínz, Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 60(2): 463 (2002)
subspecies :
subsp. montserratii (Vivant ex Greuter) Romo; Pl. Vasc. Abella de la Conca: 35 (1989)
Distribution: NE-Spain
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana montserratii Vivant ex Greuter, Willdenowia, 11(2): 279 (1981)
= Gentiana montserratii Vivant, Bull. Soc. Bot. France, 122 (7-8): 333 (1975)
= Gentiana lutea ssp. montserratii (Vivant) O.Bolòs & Vigo, Collect. Bot., 11: 48 (1979)
subspecies :
subsp. symphyandra (Murb.) Hayek; Prodr. Fl. Penins. Balcan. 2: 417 (1930)
Distribution: Slovenia; Croatia; Macedonia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Albania; Macedonia; Serbia & Kosovo; ?Montenegro; Greece; Bulgaria; Turkey (N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, W-Anatolia); Romania; NW-Ukraine
13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC NMA ROM SLV SRB 14 UKR 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana symphyandra Murb., Lunds Univ. Arsskr. 27: 89 (1892)
subspecies :
subsp. vardjanii Wraber; Proteus (Ljubljana) 48: 345 (-346) (1986)
Distribution: SE-Austria; Slovenia
11 AUT 13 SLV
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana vardjanii (Wraber) Landolt, Fl. Indicativa 269 (2010)
species :
Gentiana lycopodioides Stapf; Trans. L. Soc., Ser. II. 4: 208 (1894)
Distribution: Borneo; Sulawesi
42 BOR SUL
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
species :
Gentiana macgregorii Hemsl.; Kew Bull., 107 (1899)
Distribution: New Guinea
42 NWG
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana juniperina H.Sm., Kew Bull., 225 (1957)
= Gentiana igitii Royen, Nova Guinea, Bot., No. 17, 387 (1964)
= Gentiana pungens H.Sm. ex Royen, Nova Guinea, Bot., No. 17, 383 (1964)
species :
Gentiana macrauchena C.Marquand; Kew Bull., 85 (1931)
Distribution: China (W-Hubei, S-Shaanxi, E-Sichuan); SE-Tibet
36 CHI TIB
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana chungtienensis ssp. macraucena (C.Marquand) Halda, Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Nat., 3(1): 43 (1995)
= Gentiana incompta H.Sm., Hand.-Mazz., Symb. Sin. Pt. VII. 952 (1936)
species :
Gentiana macrophylla Pall.; Fl. Ross. 1: II. 108. t. 96 (1789)
Distribution: Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Kazakhstan; Russian Far East; N-Mongolia; China (N-Sichuan, Henan, Gansu, Shaanxi, Ningxia, Xinjiang, Shanxi, Hebei, Nei Mongol, Liaoning, Jilin, Heilongjiang, Shandong)
30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ 36 CHI 37 MON
Remarks: Sect. Cruciata
Synonyms: hidden
= Dasystephana macrophylla (Pall.) V.Zuev, Bot. Zhurn., 75(9): 1301 (1990)
= Ericoila macrophylla (Pall.) Bercht. & J.Presl, Rostl. 1: Gentian. 14 (1823)
= Gentiana jakutensis Bunge ex Griseb., DC. Prod. 9: 118 (1845)
= Gentiana quinquenervia Turrill, Kew Bull., 328 (1914)
= Hippion macrophyllum (Pall.) F.W.Schmidt, Roem. Arch. 1: I. 10 (1796)
= Pneumonanthe macrophylla (Pall.) Zuev, Bot. Zhurn., 70(7): 921 (1985)
= Tretorhiza macrophylla (Pall.) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(3-4): 201 1979 (1980)
variant :
var. fetissowii (Regel & Winkl.) Ma & K.C.Hsia; Acta Sci. Nat. Univ. Intramongol. 6(1): 43 (1964)
Distribution: Siberia (W-Siberia, Altai); SE-Kazakhstan; N-China (Gansu, Shaanxi, Ningxia, Xinjiang, Shanxi, Hebei)
30 SIB 32 KAZ 36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Dasystephana fetissowii (Regel & C.Winkl.) Revushk. & Borovik, Turczaninowia 22(3): 136 (2019)
= Gentiana fetissowii Regel & Winkl., Gartenfl. (1882) 3
= Gentiana macrophylla ssp. fetissowii (Regel & C.Winkl.) Halda, Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Nat., 3(1): 32 (1995)
= Gentiana wutaiensis C.Marquand, Kew Bull., 80 (1931)
= Pneumonanthe fetissowii (Regel & Winkl.) Zuev, Bot. Zhurn., 70(7): 921 (1985)
= Tretorhiza fetissowii (Regel & Winkl.) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz.(Prague), 148(3-4): 201 1979 (1980)
species :
Gentiana maeulchanensis Franch.; Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 43: 488 (1896)
Distribution: China (NW-Yunnan); Bhutan; N-India (Sikkim)
36 CHI 40 BHU IND
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
species :
Gentiana magellensis (Vacc. ex Ronniger) Tammaro; Arch. Bot. Biogeogr. Ital., 62(1-2): 54 (1986)
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana verna f. magellensis Vacc. ex Ronniger
= Calathiana magellensis (Ronniger) Holub, Preslia, 70(2): 101 (1998)
species :
Gentiana mainlingensis T.N.Ho; Acta Biol. Plat. Sin., 1984(3): 30 (1984)
Distribution: SE-Tibet
36 TIB
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana crassuloides ssp. mainlingensis (T.N.Ho) Halda, Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Not., 3(1): 41 (1995)
species :
Gentiana mairei Lév.; Bull. Geogr. Bot., 25: 22 (1915)
Distribution: China (SW-Sichuan, NE-Yunnan)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
species :
Gentiana makinoi Kuzn.; Act. Hort. Petrop. 13: 60 (1893), et Etud. monog. Sous-genre Eugentiana 89 (1894)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu, Shikoku); Russian Far East (Sakhalin)
31 RFE 38 JAP
Remarks: Sect. Pneumonanthe
Synonyms: hidden
= Dasystephana makinoi (Kuzn.) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(3-4): 200 1979 (1980)
species :
Gentiana manshurica Kitag.; Bot. Mag., Tokyo, 48: 103 (1934)
Distribution: China (Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Zhejiang); Taiwan
36 CHI 38 TAI
Remarks: Sect. Pneumonanthe
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana scabra f. levis Pamp., (1910)
species :
Gentiana meiantha (C.B.Clarke) H.Sm.; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 26: 248 (1965)
Distribution: N-India (Sikkim); E-Nepal
40 IND NEP
Remarks: Sect. Kudoa
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana ornata var. meiantha C.B.Clarke, (1883)
species :
Gentiana melandriifolia Franch. ex Hemsl.; Journ. L. Soc. 26: 129 (1890)
Distribution: China (C-Yunnan, NW-Yunnan)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Monopodiae
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentianodes melandriifolia (Franch. ex Hemsl.) Á.Löve & D.Löve, Bot. Notiser, 125(3): 257 (1972)
species :
Gentiana membranulifera T.N.Ho; Acta Phytotax. Sin., 38(1): 10 (2000), nom. nov.
subspecies :
subsp. membranulifera
Distribution: Pakistan (Chitral, Hazara, Karakorum, Gilgit, Baltistan); NW-India (Kashmir, Poonch); Nepal; Bhutan
40 BHU IND NEP PAK
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Ericala carinata D.Don ex G.Don, Gen. Hist. 4: 189 (1837)
= Ericala marginata D.Don ex G.Don, Gen. Syst. 4: 192 (1836)
= Eyrythalia carinata D.Don, Trans. L. Soc. 17: 516 (1837)
= Gentiana carinata (D.Don ex G.Don) Griseb., Gen. et Sp. Gent. 304 (1838)
= Gentiana carinata var. marginata C.B.Clarke, (1883)
= Gentiana marginata (D.Don ex G.Don) Griseb., Gen. et Sp. Gent. 275 (1839) (non Turcz. ex Besser 1834)
= Gentianodes eumarginata Omer, Fl. Pakistan, 197: 56 (1995) (nom. nov.)
= Gentianodes eumarginata var. harrissii (Omer, Ali & Qaiser) Omer, Fl. Pakistan, 197: 59 (1995)
= Gentianodes eumarginata var. scabromarginata Omer, Fl. Pakistan, 197: 59 (1995)
= Gentianodes marginata (D.Don ex G.Don) Omer, Ali & Qaiser, Pakistan J. Bot., 20(1): 9 (1988)
= Gentianodes marginata var. harrissii Omer, Ali & Qaiser, Pakistan J. Bot., 20(1): 10 (1988)
= Qaisera carinata (D.Don) Omer, Bot. Jahrb., 111(2): 208 (1989)
= Varasia marginata (D.Don ex G.Don) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(3-4): 202 1979 (1980)
variant :
var. intermedia (C.B.Clarke) T.N.Ho; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 38(1): 11 (2000)
Distribution: N-India (Poonch, Zanskar); N-Pakistan (Astor, Deosai, Gilgit, Swat); Nepal
40 IND NEP PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana carinata var. intermedia Clarke, (1883)
= Gentianodes intermedia (C.B.Clarke) Omer, Ali & Qaiser, Pakistan J. Bot., 20(1): 14 (1988)
= Gentiana membranulifera var. recurvata (Kuzn.) T.N.Ho, Acta Phytotax. Sin., 38(1): 11 (2000)
= Gentiana marginata var. recurvata Kuzn., (1904)
subspecies :
subsp. nasirii (Omer, Ali & Qaiser) Halda; Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Nat., 3(1): 36 (1995)
Distribution: Pakistan
40 PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentianodes nasirii Omer, Ali & Qaiser, Pakistan J. Bot., 20(1): 10 (1988)
species :
Gentiana micans C.B.Clarke; Hook. fil. Fl. Brit. Ind. 4: 112 (1883)
Distribution: SE-Tibet; Bhutan; Nepal; N-India (Sikkim, Darjeeling, Chumbi)
36 TIB 40 BHU IND NEP
Remarks: Sect. Dolichocarpa
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana micans var. latifolia T.N.Ho, Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 58 (1993)
= Gentiana sororcula Burkill, J. Proc. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 2: 315 (1906)
= Varasia micans (C.B.Clarke) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(3-4): 202 1979 (1980)
species :
Gentiana micantiformis Burkill; Journ. As. Soc. Beng. n. s. 2: 315 (1906)
Distribution: China (W-Sichuan, Qinghai); S- & SE-Tibet; Bhutan; N-India (Sikkim, Chumbi)
36 CHI TIB 40 BHU IND
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
species :
Gentiana microdonta Franch. ex Hemsl.; Journ. L. Soc. 26: 130 (1890)
Distribution: China (NW-Yunnan)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Frigidae
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentianodes microdonta (Franch. ex Hemsl.) Á.Löve & D.Löve, Bot. Notiser, 125(3): 257 (1972)
= Gentiana trichotoma var. albescens C.Marquand, (1928)
species :
Gentiana microphyta Franch. ex Hemsl.; Journ. L. Soc. 26: 130 (1890)
Distribution: China (NW-Yunnan); NE-Myanmar; Nepal
36 CHI 40 NEP 41 MYA
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
species :
Gentiana mirandae Paray; Bol. Soc. Bot. Mexico, No. 21, 15 (1957)
Distribution: Mexico (Hidalgo, Veracruz)
79 MEX
Remarks: Sect. Pneumonanthe
species :
Gentiana moniliformis Marquand; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1931: 86 (1931)
Distribution: China (W-Yunnan)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
species :
Gentiana muscicola Marquand; Kew Bull., 189 (1937)
Distribution: SE-Tibet; China (NW-Yunnan); NE-Myanmar
36 CHI TIB 41 MYA
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
species :
Gentiana myrioclada Franch.; Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 43: 487 (1896)
Distribution: China (E-Sichuan)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
variant :
var. wuxiensis T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu; Novon, 4(4): 370 (1994)
Distribution: China (E-Sichuan)
36 CHI
species :
Gentiana namlaensis Marquand; Journ. L. Soc., Bot. 48: 205 (1929)
Distribution: SE-Tibet
36 TIB
Remarks: Sect. Isomeria
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana monochroa T.N.Ho, Acta Phytotax. Sin., 23(1): 49 (1985)
= Gentiana sherriffii C.Marquand, New Flora & Silva, 9: 254 (1937)
species :
Gentiana nanobella Marquand; Kew Bull., 53 (1928)
Distribution: China (W-Sichuan, NW-Yunnan); SE-Tibet
36 CHI TIB
Remarks: Sect. Dolichocarpa
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana aphrosperma Harry Sm., Kew Bull., 133 (1937)
species :
Gentiana napulifera Franch.; Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 43: 488 (1896)
Distribution: China (SW-Sichuan, C-Yunnan, NW-Yunnan); N-Thailand; Myanmar (Kachin)
36 CHI 41 MYA THA
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana loureiroi ssp. napulifera (Franch.) Halda, Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Nat., 3(1): 48 (1995)
= Gentiana sarcorrhiza Y.Ling & Ma ex T.N.Ho, Acta Biol. Plat. Sin., 1984(3): 45 (1984)
species :
Gentiana newberryi A.Gray; Proc. Am. Acad. 11: 84 (1876)
Name: Alpine gentian
Distribution: USA (California, Oregon)
73 USA 76 USA
Remarks: Sect. Pneumonanthe
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana copelandii Eastw., Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. ser. 4, 20(5): 150 (-151) (1931), non Elmer (1915)
= Pneumonanthe newberryi (A.Gray) Greene, Leaflets Bot. Obs. 1: 71 (1904)
= Dasystephana newberryi (A.Gray) Arthur, Torreya, 22: 30 (1922)
variant :
var. tiogana (A.Heller) J.S.Pringle; Sida, 14(2): 186 (1990)
Name: Tioga gentian
Distribution: USA (California, Nevada)
76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana tiogana A.Heller, Leafl. West. Bot. 2: 221 (1940)
= Gentiana newberryi ssp. tiogana (A.Heller) Halda, Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Nat., 3(1): 21 (1995)
= Pneumonanthe newberryi var. tiogana (A.Heller) D.W.Taylor, Fl. Yosemite Sierra 373 (2010)
species :
Gentiana ninglangensis T.N.Ho; Acta Biol. Plat. Sin., 1984(3): 37 (1984)
Distribution: China (NW-Yunnan)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana pubigera ssp. ninglangensis (T.N.Ho) Halda, Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Nat., 3(1): 40, 44 (1995)
variant :
var. glabrescens (Harry Sm.) T.N.Ho; Novon, 4(4): 371 (1994)
Distribution: China (S-Sichuan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana pubigera var. glabrescens Harry Sm., (1936)
species :
Gentiana nipponica Maxim.; Bull. Acad. sci. St. Petersb. 32: 507 (1888)
Distribution: Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu); Russian Far East (Sakhalin); South Korea
31 RFE 38 JAP KOR
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Varasia nipponica (Maxim.) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(3-4): 202 1979 (1980)
= Gentiana makinoi Lév. & Vaniot, Bull. Soc. Bot. France, 53: 649 (1906) (non Kuzn.)
= Ciminalis nipponica (Maxim.) Zuev, Konspekt Fl. Aziatsk. Rossii 365 (2012)
species :
Gentiana nivalis L.; Sp. Pl. 229 (1753)
Name: Schnee-Enzian, Snow gentian
Distribution: Austria; England; Scotland; W-Bulgaria; Slovakia; Finland; France; Germany; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; N-Spain; Andorra; Iceland; Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Serbia & Kosovo; Montenegro; Macedonia; ?Albania; Norway; Poland; Romania; N-European Russia; NW-Ukraine; Sweden; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (NE-Anatolia); Canada (Labrador, Québec); Greenland
10 FIN GRB ICE NOR SWE 11 AUT GER LIE POL SLO SWI 12 ADO FRA SPA 13 BIH BUL CRO ITA MNT NMA ROM SLV SRB 14 RUS UKR 33 ARM AZE GEO 34 TUR 70 GNL 72 CDN
Remarks: Sect. Calathianae
Synonyms: hidden
= Calathiana nivalis (L.) Delarbre, Fl. Auv. ed. II. 1: 28 (1800)
= Chiophila nivalis (L.) Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 23 (1837)
= Ericala carpathica (Kit.) G.Don, Gen. Hist. 4: 190 (1837)
= Ericala nivalis (L.) Gray, Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 336 (1821)
= Ericoila nivalis (L.) Borkh., Roem. Arch. 1: I. 27 (1796)
= Gentiana aquatica Rchb., Fl. Germ. Excurs. 425 (1831) (non L. 1753)
= Gentiana carpathica Kit., Schult. Österr. Fl. ed. II. 1: 443 (1814)
= Gentiana humilis Rochel, Pl. Banat. Rar. 61, f. 47 (1828) (non Stev. 1812)
= Gentiana minima Vill., Hist. Pl. Dauph. 2: 528 (1787)
= Gentianusa flava Pohl, Tentamen Fl. Bohemiae, 1: 254 (1810)
= Hippion nivale (L.) F.W.Schmidt, Roem. Arch. 1: I. 10, 18 (1796)
= Lexipyretum nivale (L.) Dulac, Fl. Hautes-Pyr. 450 (1867)
species :
Gentiana nubigena Edgew.; Trans. L. Soc. 20: 85 (1846)
Distribution: China (Gansu, Qinghai, W-Sichuan); Tibet; Bhutan; N-India (Kumaon, Ladakh, Rupshu, Sikkim, Chumbi); Nepal; Myanmar (Chin)
36 CHI TIB 40 BHU IND NEP 41 MYA
Remarks: Sect. Frigidae
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana algida var. nubigena (Edgew.) Kuzn., (1898)
= Gentianodes algida var. nubigena (Edgew.) Omer, Ali & Qaiser, Pakistan J. Bot., 20(1): 16 (1988)
= Gentiana przewalskii Maxim., Bull. Acad. Petersb. 27: 502 (1881)
= Gentiana algida var. przewalskii (Maxim.) Kuzn., (1898)
species :
Gentiana nudicaulis Kurz; Journ. As. Soc. Beng. 42: II. 235 (1873)
subspecies :
subsp. nudicaulis
Distribution: NE-India (Assam, Bengal); Myanmar (Chin)
40 IND 41 MYA
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Varasia nudicaulis (Kurz) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(3-4): 202 1979 (1980)
variant :
var. assamensis T.N.Ho; Acta Phytotax. Sin., 38(1): 11 (2000), nom. nov.
Distribution: India (Assam)
40 IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana parryae Marquand, Kew Bull., 86 (1931) (non Engelm. 1863)
subspecies :
subsp. ting-nung-hoae (Halda) T.N.Ho; A Worldwide Monograph of Gentiana: 392 (2001)
Distribution: Cambodia
41 CBD
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana ting-nung-hoae Halda, Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Nat., 3(1): 36 (1995)
subspecies :
subsp. lakshnakarae (Kerr) Halda; Acta Mus. Richnov. Seei. Nat., 3(1): 36 (1995)
Distribution: NE-Thailand
41 THA
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana hesseliana var. lakshnakarae (Kerr) Toyok., Acta Phytotax. Geobot., 32(1-4): 42 (1981)
= Gentiana lakshnakarae Kerr, Kew Bull., 182 (1940)
species :
Gentiana nyalamensis T.N.Ho; Acta Phytotax. Sin., 23(1): 46 (1985)
Distribution: S-Tibet; Bhutan
36 TIB 40 BHU
Remarks: Sect. Kudoa
variant :
var. parviflora T.N.Ho; Acta Phytotax. Sin., 23(1): 46 (1985)
Distribution: S-Tibet
36 TIB
species :
Gentiana nyingchiensis T.N.Ho; Acta Biol. Plat. Sin., 1984(3): 31 (1984)
Distribution: SE-Tibet
36 TIB
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana crassuloides ssp. nyingchiensis (T.N.Ho) Halda, Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Nat., 3(1): 41 (1995)
species :
Gentiana obconica T.N.Ho; Acta Phytotax. Sin., 23(1): 45 (1985)
Distribution: Bhutan; N-India (Sikkim, Chumbi); E-Nepal; S- & SE-Tibet
36 TIB 40 BHU IND NEP
Remarks: Sect. Kudoa
species :
Gentiana officinalis H.Sm.; Hand.-Mazz. Symb. Sin. Pt. VII. 979 (1936)
Distribution: China (S-Gansu, SE-Qinghai, ?S-Shaanxi, N-Sichuan)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Cruciata
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana gannanensis Y.Wang & Z.C.Lou, Acta Phytotax. Sin., 26(6): 461 (1988)
= Gentiana macrophylla var. albolutea H.Limpr., (1922)
species :
Gentiana olgae Regel ex Schmalh.; Regel, Pl. Nov. Fedsch. 55 (1882)
Distribution: Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; China (N-Xinjiang)
32 KGZ TZK UZB 36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Cruciata
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana grombczewskii Kuzn., Bull. Acad. sci. St. Petersb. 35: 349 (1894), et Etud. monog. Sous-genre Eugentiana 167 (1894)
= Gentiana renardii Regel, Trautv. Regel, Maxim. & Winkl. Decas. Pl. Nov. 7 (1882)
= Tretorhiza grombczewskii (Kuzn.) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(3-4): 201 (1979 publ.1980)
= Tretorhiza olgae (Regel & Schmalh.) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(3-4): 201 1979 (1980)
species :
Gentiana oligophylla H.Sm.; Kew Bull., 130 (1937)
Distribution: China (Guizhou, Hubei, Hunan, E-Sichuan)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
species :
Gentiana olivieri Griseb.; Gent. 278 (1838)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia); Iran (EC-Iran, E-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, Jazira); Afghanistan (Badakshan, Badghys, Baghlan, Balkh, Bamyan, Farah, Faryab, Ghazni, Herat, Kabul, Logar, Wardak, Parwan, Samangan, Takhar); Armenia; Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; China (Xinjiang); Pakistan (Baluchistan, Quetta, Chitral, Drosh)
32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM 34 AFG IRN IRQ SYR TUR 36 CHI 40 PAK
Remarks: Sect. Cruciata
Synonyms: hidden
= Tretorhiza olivieri (Griseb.) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(34): 201 (1979 publ.1980)
= Gentiana regeliana Gand., Bull. Soc. Bot. France, 65: 60 (1918)
= Gentiana weschniakowii Regel, Act. Hort. Petrop. 8: 687 (1884)
= Gentianodes olivieri (Griseb.) Omer, Ali & Qaiser, Pakistan J. Bot., 20(1): 18 (1988)
= Dasystephana olivieri (Griseb.) Zuev, (1992)
species :
Gentiana omeiensis T.N.Ho; Acta Phytotax. Sin., 23(1): 49 (1985)
Distribution: China (S-Sichuan)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Frigidae
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana microdonta ssp. omeiensis (T.N.Ho) Halda, Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Nat., 3(1): 23 (1995)
species :
Gentiana orbicularis Schur; Verh. Siebenb. Ver. Naturw. 3: 88 (1852)
Name: Rundblättriger Enzian
Distribution: SE-France; N-Italy; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Austria; Slovakia; Slovenia; Romania; Turkey (Inner Anatolia)
11 AUT LIE SLO SWI 12 FRA 13 ITA ROM SLV 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Calathiana orbicularis (Schur) Holub, Folia Geobot. Phytotax., 8(2): 169 (1973)
= Gentiana brachyphylla ssp. favratii (Rittener) Tutin, Bot. Jour. L. Soc. 64: 378 (1971)
= Gentiana favratii Rittener ex Favrat, Bull. trav. Soc. Murith. Fasc. xiii-xv. 62 (1887)
= Gentiana verna var. favratii Rittener, Bull. Soc. Vaud. Sci. Nat. 22: 198, t. 53 ff. 1-2 (1887)
= Gentiana verna var. hinterhuberi Schultz, (1879)
= Gentiana verna var. tschichatschevi Kuzn., (1904)
species :
Gentiana oreocharis Halda & Jurásek; Acta Mus. Richnov., Sect. Nat. 19(3-4): 69 (2012)
Distribution: China (Sichuan)
36 CHI
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Gentiana oreodoxa H.Sm.; Anz. Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.-Nat., 63: 99 (1926)
Distribution: Bhutan; NE-Myanmar; N-India (Sikkim); SE-Tibet; China (NW-Yunnan, SW-Sichuan)
36 CHI TIB 40 BHU IND 41 MYA
Remarks: Sect. Kudoa
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana sinoornata var. punctata C.Marquand, (1931)
species :
Gentiana ornata (Wall. ex G.Don) Griseb.; Gen. & Sp. Gent. 277 (1839), descr.
Distribution: Nepal; Bhutan; N-India (Sikkim); NE-Myanmar; S-Tibet
36 TIB 40 BHU IND NEP 41 MYA
Remarks: Sect. Kudoa
Synonyms: hidden
= Pneumonanthe ornata Wall. ex G.Don, Gen. Hist. 4: 194 (1837)
= Gentiana ornata Wall., Cat. n. 4386 (1831) (nom. nud.)
= Gentianodes ornata (Wall.) Á.Löve & D.Löve, Bot. Notiser, 125(3): 257 (1972)
species :
Gentiana ovatiloba Kuzn.; Act. Hort. Petrop. 13: 60 (1893)
subspecies :
subsp. ovatiloba
Distribution: Mexico (Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guanajuato, Mexico State, Michoacan, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Veracruz); Guatemala
79 MEX 80 GUA
Remarks: Sect. Pneumonanthe
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana caespitosa M.Martens & Galeotti, Bull. Acad. Brux. 11: I. (1844) 370 (non Willd. ex Schult. 1819)
= Gentiana guatemalensis Standl. & Steyerm., Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Chicago, Bot. Ser., 23: 75 (1944)
= Gentiana lewisiae Standl. & Steyerm., Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Chicago, Bot. Ser., 23: 76 (1944)
subspecies :
subsp. michoacana Villarreal; Acta Bot. Mex., 41: 27 (1997)
Distribution: Mexico (Michoacan)
79 MEX
subspecies :
subsp. chazaroi (Iltis) T.N.Ho; A Worldwide Monograph of Gentiana: 298 (2001)
Distribution: Mexico (Durango, Sinaloa)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana chazaroi Iltis, Acta Bot. Mex., 26: 1 (1994)
species :
Gentiana pachyphylla Merr.; Not. Nat. Acad. Nat. Sc. Philad. No. 47, 7 (1940)
Distribution: N-Sumatra
42 SUM
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
species :
Gentiana pannonica Scop.; Fl. Carn. ed. 2, 1: 182 (1771)
Name: Ungarischer Enzian
Distribution: NE-Switzerland; SW-Czech Republic; Slovenia; Austria; Germany; Italy
11 AUT CZE GER SWI 13 ITA SLV
Remarks: Sect. Lutea
Synonyms: hidden
= Coilantha pannonica (Scop.) G.Don, Gen. Hist. 4: 185 (1837)
= Gentiana pannonica var. ronnigeri Dörfl., (1897)
= Gentiana punctata Jacq., Obs. Bot. 2: 17 (1781) (non L.
= Gentiana purpurea Schrank, Baier. Fl. 1: 509
= Gentiana semifida Hoffmanns. ex Rchb., Fl. Germ. Excurs. 428 (1832)
= Pneumonanthe pannonica (Scop.) F.W.Schmidt, Roem. Arch. 1: I. (1796) 9
species :
Gentiana panthaica Burkill; Journ. As. Soc. Beng. n. s. 2: 313 (1906)
Distribution: China (Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hunan, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Yunnan)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana reynieri H.Lév., Bull. Geogr. Bot., 25: 22 (1915)
= Gentiana robustior Burkill ex Diels, Notes Bot. Gard. Edinb. 7: 196 (1912)
= Gentianella robustior (Burkill ex Diels) Holub, Folia Geobot. & Phytotax. Praha, 2: 118 (1967)
species :
Gentiana papillosa Franch.; Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 31: 374 (1884)
Distribution: China (SW-Sichuan, C-Yunnan, NW-Yunnan)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
species :
Gentiana papuana Royen; Nova Guinea, Bot., No. 17, 405 (1964)
Distribution: W-New Guinea
42 NWG
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
species :
Gentiana paradoxa Albov; Bull. Herb. Boiss. 3: 230 (1894), et Prodr. Fl. Colch. 173 (1895)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]
33 GEO NCS
Remarks: Sect. Pneumonanthe
Synonyms: hidden
= Dasystephana paradoxa (Albov) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(3-4): 200 1979 (1980)
= Kudoa paradoxa (Albov) Masam., Trans. Nat. Hist. Soc. Formosa, 23: 205 (1933)
= Gentiana vittae Kolak., Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS, 15: 19 (1953)
= Gentiana rhodocalyx Kolak., Trans. Sukhumi Bot. Gard., Fasc. 8, 401 (1955)
species :
Gentiana parryi Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sc. St. Louis, 2: 218. t. 10 (1863)
Name: Parry´s gentian
Distribution: USA (Colorado, Utah, Wyoming)
73 USA 76 USA
Remarks: Sect. Pneumonanthe
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana bracteosa Greene, Pittonia 4: 180 (1900)
= Pneumonanthe parryi (Engelm.) Greene, Leaflets Bot. Obs. 1: 71 (1904)
= Dasystephana parryi (Engelm.) Rydb., Bull. Torr. Bot. Club, 33: 149 (1906)
species :
Gentiana parvula H.Sm.; Hand.-Mazz. Symb. Sin. Pt. VII. 961 (1936)
Distribution: China (SW-Sichuan)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
species :
Gentiana pedata H.Sm.; Hand.-Mazz. Symb. Sin. Pt. VII. 967 (1936)
Distribution: China (SW-Sichuan, NE-Yunnan)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
species :
Gentiana pedicellata (Wall. ex D.Don) Griseb.; Gen. Sp. Gent. 273 (1838)
Distribution: Bhutan; Nepal; Pakistan (Chitral, Swat, Hazara); N-India (Kashmir, Poonch, Chumbi, Darjeeling, Sikkim, etc.); N-Myanmar (Kachin); N-Thailand; Laos; SW-Tibet; China (W-Yunnan, Guizhou)
36 CHI TIB 40 BHU IND NEP PAK 41 LAO MYA THA
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Ericala pedicellata Wall. ex D.Don, Trans. L. Soc. 17: 514 (1837)
= Ericala procumbens D.Don ex G.Don, Gen. Hist. 4: 192 (1837)
= Gentiana orbiculata B.Heyne ex Wall., Cat. n. 4395 (1830)
= Gentiana pedicellata var. wallichii Kuzn., (1904)
= Gentiana pedicellata Wall., Cat. n. 4394 (1830)
= Gentiana pumila Griff., Icon. Pl. Asiat. 4: t. 384 (1854) non Gouan
= Gentiana quadrifaria var. pilosula C.B.Clarke, (1883)
= Gentianodes pedicellata (Wall. ex D.Don) Omer, Ali & Qaiser, Pakistan J. Bot., 20(1): 14 (1988)
species :
Gentiana penetii (Litard. & Maire) Romo; Lagascalia, 15(Extra): 288 (1988)
Distribution: Morocco (High Atlas)
20 MOR
Remarks: Sect. Calathianae
Synonyms: hidden
= Calathiana penetii (Litard. & Maire) Holub, Preslia, 70(2): 101 (1998)
= Gentiana verna ssp. penetii Litard. & Maire, Mem. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc 4: 14 (1924)
species :
Gentiana pennelliana Fernald; Rhodora, 42: 198 (1940)
Name: Wiregrass gentian
Distribution: USA (Florida)
78 USA
Remarks: Sect. Pneumonanthe
Synonyms: hidden
= Dasystephana tenuifolia (Raf.) Pennell, Bull. Torr. Bot. Cl., 46: 183 (1919)
= Diploma tenuifolia Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 27 (1837)
= Gentiana angustifolia var. australis Griseb., DC., Prodr. 9: 114 (1845)
= Gentiana angustifolia var. floridana Griseb., Gen. Sp. Gent. 291 (1839)
= Gentiana autumnalis ssp. pennelliana (Fernald) Halda, Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Not., 3(1): 18 (1995)
= Gentiana frigida var. drummondii Griseb., DC., Prodr. 9: 111 (1845)
= Gentiana tenuifolia (Raf.) Fernald, Rhodora, 41: 557 (1939)
species :
Gentiana perpusilla Brandegee; Zoe, 5: 181 (1904)
Distribution: Mexico (Mexico State, Veracruz)
79 MEX
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
species :
Gentiana phyllocalyx C.B.Clarke; Hook. fil. Fl. Brit. Ind. 4: 116 (1883)
Distribution: China (SW-Sichuan, NW-Yunnan); SE-Tibet; Nepal; Bhutan; N-Myanmar; N-India (Sikkim)
36 CHI TIB 40 BHU IND NEP 41 MYA
Remarks: Sect. Phyllocalyx
species :
Gentiana phyllopoda Lév.; Bull. Geogr. Bot., 25: 21 (1915)
Distribution: China (SW-Sichuan, NE-Yunnan)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Frigidae
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana microdonta ssp. phyllopoda (H.Lév.) Halda, Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Nat., 3(1): 23 (1995)
species :
Gentiana piasezkii Maxim.; Bull. Acad. Petersb. 26: 498 (1880)
Distribution: China (SE-Gansu, N-Sichuan)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Varasia piasezkii (Maxim.) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(3-4): 202 1979 (1980)
= Gentiana piasezkii ssp. pubicaulis (Harry Sm.) Halda, Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Nat., 3(1): 41 (1995)
= Gentiana pubicaulis Harry Sm., Hand.-Mazz. Symb. Sin. Pt. VII. 960 (1936)
species :
Gentiana picta Franch. ex Hemsl.; Journ. L. Soc. 26: 131 (1890)
Distribution: China (SW-Sichuan, Yunnan)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Microsperma
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentianodes picta (Franch. ex Hemsl.) Á.Löve & D.Löve, Bot. Notiser, 125(3): 257 (1972)
species :
Gentiana piundensis Royen; Nova Guinea, Bot., No. 17, 393 (1964)
Distribution: New Guinea
42 NWG
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana macgregorii ssp. piundensis (P.Royen) Halda, Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Nat., 3(1): 47 (1995)
= Gentiana polytrichoides Royen, Nova Guinea, Bot., No. 17, 392 (1964)
species :
Gentiana platypetala Griseb.; Hook., Fl. Bor. Amer. 2: 58 (1837)
Name: Broadpetal gentian
Distribution: Alaska (incl. Sitka Isl.); Canada (British Columbia)
70 ASK 71 CDN
Remarks: Sect. Pneumonanthe
Synonyms: hidden
= Dasystephana menziesii (Griseb.) Arthur, Torreya, 1919, 19: 49
= Gentiana covillei A.Nelson & J.F.Macbr., Bot. Gaz. 65: 65 (1918)
= Gentiana menziesii Griseb., Gen. et Sp. Gent. 292 (1837)
= Pneumonanthe menziesii (Griseb.) Greene, Leaflets Bot. Obs. 1: 71 (1904)
= Pneumonanthe platypetala (Griseb.) Greene, Leaflets Bot. Obs. 1: 71 (1904)
species :
Gentiana plurisetosa C.T.Mason; Madroño, 37(4): 289 1990 (1991)
Name: Bristly gentian
Distribution: USA (California, Oregon)
73 USA 76 USA
Remarks: Sect. Pneumonanthe
species :
Gentiana pluviarum W.W.Sm.; Journ. As. Soc. Beng. n. s. 7: 77 (1911)
subspecies :
subsp. pluviarum
Distribution: Nepal; N-India (Sikkim, Jammu & Kashmir, etc.)
40 IND NEP
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana pentasticta Marquand, Journ. Roy. Hort. Soc., 57: 211 (1932)
subspecies :
subsp. subtilis (Harry Sm.) T.N.Ho; Novon, 4(4): 371 (1994)
Distribution: China (NW-Yunnan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana subtilis Harry Sm., Anz. Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.-Nat., 63: 103 (1926)
species :
Gentiana pneumonanthe L.; Sp. Pl. 228 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. pneumonanthe
Name: Lungen-Enzian
Distribution: Albania; Austria; Belgium; England; Bulgaria; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Denmark; France; Germany; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Netherlands; Spain; Hungary; Italy; Serbia & Kosovo; ?Montenegro; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Macedonia; Portugal; Norway; Poland; Romania; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; Moldova; N-European Russia; E-European Russia; C-European Russia; Ukraine; Sweden; Armenia; Georgia [Caucasus]; N-Kazakhstan; Georgia [Caucasus]; Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia)
10 DEN GRB NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE NET POL SLO SWI 12 FRA POR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO ITA NMA ROM SLV SRB 14 BLR EST LAT LIT MLD RUS UKR 30 SIB 32 KAZ 33 ARM GEO
Remarks: Sect. Pneumonanthe
Synonyms: hidden
= Ciminalis pneumonanthe (L.) Borkh., Roem. Arch. 1: I. 26 (1796)
= Ciminalis pseudopneumonanthe Bercht. & J.Presl, Rostl. 1: Gentian. II. (1823)
= Ciminalis vulgaris Bercht. & J.Presl, Rostl. 1: Gentian. 10 (1823)
= Dasystephana pneumonanthe (L.) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(3-4): 200 1979 (1980)
= Dasystephana pneumonanthe (L.) V.Zuev, Bot. Zhurn., 75(9): 1300 (1990), comb. superfl.
= Gentiana conae Halda, Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Nat., 3(1): 18 (1995) (nom. nov. superfl. for ssp. depressa)
= Gentiana depressa Bourg. ex Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur. 3: 499 (1881)
= Gentiana linearifolia Lam., Fl. Fr. 2: 298 (1778)
= Gentiana linifolia Salisb., Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 137 (1796)
= Gentiana macrocarpophora St.-Lag., Ann. Soc. Bot. Lyon, 7: 126 (1880)
= Gentiana palustris St.-Lag., Cariot, Etud. des fl. ed. 8 2: 584 (1889)
= Gentiana pneumonanthe ssp. depressa (Boiss.) Malag., Las Subesp. y Variac. Geogr.: 13 (1973), without basionym date
= Gentiana pneumonanthe ssp. depressa (Boiss.) Rivas Mart., A.Asensi, Molero Mesa & F.Valle, Rivasgodaya, 6: 35 (1991)
= Gentiana pneumonanthe var. depressa Boiss.
= Gentiana pneumonanthe var. diffusa Griseb., (1927)
= Gentiana pneumonanthoides Wender., Schrift. Ges. Bef. Gesammt. Naturw. Marb. 2: 249 (1831) ex Steud., Nom. ed. II. 1: 675 (1840)
= Gentianusa pneumonanthe (L.) Pohl., Tentamen Fl. Bohemiae, 1: 251 (1810)
= Lexipyretum pneumonanthe (L.) Dulac, Fl. Hautes-Pyr. 451 (1867)
= Pneumonanthe angustifolia Gilib., Fl. Lithuan. 1: 84 (1781)
= Pneumonanthe minor Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 28 (1837)
= Pneumonanthe vulgaris F.W.Schmidt, Roem. Arch. 1: I. 10 (1796)
= Tretorrhiza pneumonanthe (L.) Á.Löve & D.Löve, (1986)
subspecies :
subsp. nopscae (Jáv.) Wraber; Biol. Vestn., 38(3): 42 (1990)
Distribution: Albania
13 ALB
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana nopcsae Jáv., Bot. Kozl., 19: 28 (1921)
species :
Gentiana praeclara Marquand; Kew Bull., 54 (1928)
Distribution: China (SW-Sichuan, NW-Yunnan)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Microsperma
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentianodes praeclara (Marquand) Á.Löve & D.Löve, Bot. Notiser, 125(3): 257 (1972)
species :
Gentiana prainii Burkill; Journ. Bot. Soc. Beng. n. s. 2: 317 (1906)
Distribution: S-Tibet; Bhutan; N-India (Sikkim)
36 TIB 40 BHU IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana gracilenta T.N.Ho, Acta Biol. Plat. Sin., 1984(3): 32 (1984)
= Gentiana recurvata ssp. prainii (Burkill) Halda, Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Nat., 3(1): 40 (1995)
species :
Gentiana praticola Franch.; Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 43: 489 (1896)
Distribution: China (Guizhou, Sichuan, NW-Yunnan)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana congestiflora Marquand ex Wilkie, Gentians, 151 (1936), nomen subnudum, Marquand in Kew Bull., 174 (1937)
species :
Gentiana prattii Kuzn.; Act. Hort. Petrop. 13: 63 (1893), et Etud. monog. Sous-genre Eugentiana 245 (1894)
Distribution: China (W-Sichuan, NW-Yunnan)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Varasia prattii (Kuzn.) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(3-4): 202 1979 (1980)
species :
Gentiana pringlei M.Shabir, P.Agnihotri, J.K.Tiwari & T.Husain; Taiwania 63(4): 356 (2018)
Distribution: NW-India (Jammu & Kashmir)
40 IND
species :
Gentiana producta T.N.Ho; Bull. Bot. Res. North-East. Forest. Inst., 4(1): 80 (1984)
Distribution: China (S-Qinghai, N-Sichuan)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Dolichocarpa
species :
Gentiana prolata Balf.fil.; Trans. Bot. Soc. Edin. 27: 266 (1918)
Distribution: Bhutan; N-India (Sikkim, Chumbi, Arunachal Pradesh); SE-Tibet; Nepal
36 TIB 40 BHU IND NEP
Remarks: Sect. Kudoa
species :
Gentiana prostrata Haenke; Jacq., Collect. Bot. 2: 66 (1789)
Name: Niederliegender Enzian, Pygmy gentian
Distribution: Austria; Switzerland; NE-Italy; Azerbaijan; Siberia (W-Siberia, Altai); Russian Far East (Kamchatka, etc.); Iran (SW-Iran); Afghanistan (Badakshan, Wakhan, Baghlan, Bamyan, Parwan, Takhar); NE-Pakistan (Karakorum); NW-India (Ladakh, Kashmir); China (Xinjiang); Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Kazakhstan; Mongolia; Alaska; USA (California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, Wyoming); Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Northern Territories, Yukon); Mexico (Chiapas); Venezuela [I] (Merida [I], Trujillo [I]); Argentina [I] (Catamarca [I], Jujuy [I], La Rioja [I], Mendoza [I], Neuquen [I], Rio Negro [I], Salta [I], Santa Cruz Prov. [I], San Juan [I], Tucuman [I], Tierra del Fuego [I]); Bolivia [I]; Peru [I]; Chile [I]; Costa Rica [I]; Panama [I]; Colombia [I]; Ecuador [I]
11 AUT SWI 13 ITA 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ KGZ TZK 33 AZE 34 AFG IRN 36 CHI 37 MON 40 IND PAK 70 ASK CDN 71 CDN 73 USA 76 USA 79 MEX 80 cos pan 82 clm ven 83 bol ecu per 85 arg cle
Remarks: Sect. Dolichocarpa
Synonyms: hidden
= Chondrophylla nutans (Bunge) W.A.Weber, Phytologia, 58(6): 383 (1985)
= Chondrophylla prostrata (Haenke) J.P.Anderson, Proc. Iowa Acad. Sci., 25: 445 (1918)
= Ciminalis prostrata (Haenke) Á.Löve & D.Löve, Bot. Notiser, 128(4): 517 1975 (1976)
= Ericala nutans (Bunge) G.Don, Gen. Hist. 4: 192 (1837)
= Ericala prostrata (Haenke) G.Don, Gen. Hist. 4: 190 (1837)
= Ericala sedifolia (Kunth) G.Don, Gen. Hist. 4: 189 (1837)
= Ericoila prostrata (Haenke) Borkh., Roem. Arch. 1: I. 27 (1796)
= Gentiana aquatica Froel., Gent. Diss. 77 (1796) non L.
= Gentiana casapaltensis (Ball) J.S.Pringle, Phytologia, 48(4): 281 (1981)
= Gentiana cespitosa Willd. ex Schult., Syst. 6: 185 (1820)
= Gentiana chimboracensis Willd. ex Schult., Syst. 6: 185 (1820)
= Gentiana gayi Griseb., DC. Prod. 9: 106 (1845)
= Gentiana gayi ssp. magellanica (Kusn.) Pfanzelt & K.B.Hagen, Pl. Syst. Evol. 302(2): 165 (2015)
= Gentiana microphylla Griseb., DC. Prod. 9: 105 (1845)
= Gentiana minima Phil., Linnaea 29: 13 (1858) non Vill. 1787
= Gentiana nutans Bunge, Nouv. Mem. Soc. Nat. Mosc. 1: 232 (1829)
= Gentiana podocarpa (Phil.) Griseb., Gött. Abh. 19: 210 (1874)
= Gentiana procumbens Steud., Nom. ed. II. 1: 768 (1840)
= Gentiana prostrata f. imbricata Kuzn.
= Gentiana prostrata f. magellanica Kusn., Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Obshch. Estestvoisp., Vyp. 2., Otd. Bot. 24(Bot.): 231 (1894)
= Gentiana prostrata ssp. americana (Engelm.) A.E.Murray, Kalmia, 12: 20 (1982)
= Gentiana prostrata ssp. nutans (Bunge) Halda, Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Tat., 3(1): 33 (1995)
= Gentiana prostrata ssp. podocarpa (Phil.) Halda, Acta Mus. Richnov., Sect. Nat. 3(1): 34 (1995)
= Gentiana prostrata var. americana Engelm., Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 2: 217, tab. 9, fig. 10-15 (1863)
= Gentiana prostrata var. mongolia Kuzn., (1904)
= Gentiana prostrata var. podocarpa (Phil.) Kuzn., Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Obshch. Estestvoisp., Vyp. 2., Otd. Bot. 24(Bot.): 231 (1894)
= Gentiana ramosissima Phil., Anal. Univ. Chil. 511 (1873)
= Gentiana sedifolia Kunth, Nov. Gen. et Sp. 3: 173 (1819)
= Gentiana sedifolia var. casapaltensis Ball, J. Linn. Soc. (Bot.) 22: 49 (1885)
= Gentiana sedifolia var. compacta Griseb., Gen. Sp. Gent. 270 (1839)
= Gentiana sedifolia var. elongata Griseb., Gen. Sp. Gent. 270 (1838)
= Gentiana sedifolia var. grandiflora Kuzn., Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Obshch. Estestvoisp., Vyp. 2., Otd. Bot. 24(Bot.) 217 (1894)
= Gentiana sedifolia var. imbricata Griseb., Nov. Actorum Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. Nat. Cur. 19(Suppl. 1): 47 (1843)
= Gentiana sedifolia var. lineata Phil., Anales Mus. Nac., Santiago de Chile 1891: 52 (1891)
= Hippion imbricatum F.W.Schmidt, Fl. Boem. 1: 18 (1793)
= Hippion prostratum (Haenke) F.W.Schmidt, Roem. Arch. 1: I. 11 (1796)
= Hippion pumilum F.W.Schmidt, Roem. Arch. 1: I. 10, 17 (1796)
= Varasia nutans (Bunge) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(3-4): 202 1979 (1980)
= Varasia podocarpa Phil., Fl. Atac. 35. t. 36 (1860)
= Varasia prostrata (Haenke) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(3-4): 202 1979 (1980)
= Varasia sedifolia (Kunth) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(3-4): 202 1979 (1980)
= Varasia sessilis Phil., Anales Univ. Chile 18: 53-54 (1861)
variant :
var. ludlowii (C.Marquand) T.N.Ho; Novon, 4(4): 371 (1994)
Distribution: S-Tibet; China (W-Qinghai); Nepal
36 CHI TIB 40 NEP
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana ludlowii C.Marquand, Kew Bull., 189 (1937)
species :
Gentiana protensa Royen; Nova Guinea, Bot., No. 17, 400 (1964)
Distribution: W-New Guinea
42 NWG
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
species :
Gentiana pseudoaquatica Kuzn.; Act. Hort. Petrop. 13: 63 (1893), et Etud. monog. Sous-genre Eugentiana 246 (1894)
Distribution: Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); NW-India (Ladakh, Leh); N-Pakistan (Baltistan, Kurram, Chitral, Swat); Mongolia; China (Hebei, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi); Tibet; South Korea
30 SIB 36 CHI TIB 37 MON 38 KOR 40 IND PAK
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Ciminalis pseudoaquatica (Kuzn.) Zuev, Bot. Zhurn., 70(7): 921 (1985)
= Gentiana aquatica Ledeb., (1847) (non L.)
= Gentiana aquatica var. pseudoaquatica (Kuzn.) S.Agrawal, J. Econ. Taxon. Bot., 5(2): 437 (1984)
= Gentiana chosenica Okuyama, Journ. Jap. Bot. 19: 132 (1943)
= Gentiana pseudoaquatica var. albiflora Q.Zhu, Acta Bot. Boreal.-Occid. Sin. 31(10): 2129 (2011)
= Varasia pseudoaquatica (Kuzn.) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(3-4): 202 1979 (1980)
species :
Gentiana pseudohumilis Makino; Bot. Mag. Tokyo, 18: 16 (1904)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
Remarks: Sect. Stenogyne
species :
Gentiana pseudosquarrosa H.Sm.; Hand.-Mazz. Symb. Sin. Pt. VII. 963 (1936)
Distribution: China (SW-Qinghai, W-Sichuan, NW-Yunnan); SE-Tibet
36 CHI TIB
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
species :
Gentiana puberulenta J.S.Pringle; Rhodora, 68: 213 (1966)
Name: Downy gentian
Distribution: USA (Arkansas, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, North Dakota, Nebraska, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Tennessee, Wisconsin, West Virginia); Canada (Manitoba, Ontario, Saskatchewan)
71 CDN 72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA 78 USA
Remarks: Sect. Pneumonanthe
species :
Gentiana pubiflora T.N.Ho; Acta Biol. Plat. Sin., 1984(3): 36 (1984)
Distribution: China (NW-Yunnan)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana pubigera ssp. pubiflora (T.N.Ho) Halda, Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Nat., 3(1): 40, 44 (1995)
species :
Gentiana pubigera C.Marquand; Kew Bull., 59 (1928)
Distribution: China (NW-Yunnan)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana puberula Franch. ex Hemsl., Journ. L. Soc. 26: 132 (1890) nec Michx. (1803)
species :
Gentiana pudica Maxim.; Mel. Biol. Bull. Phys.-Math. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.-Petersbourg 10: 677 (1880)
Distribution: China (N-Sichuan, Qinghai, Gansu, Shanxi)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Dolichocarpa
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana prostrata var. pudica Kuzn., (1904)
species :
Gentiana pumila Jacq.; Enum. Stirp. Vindob. 41, 215 (1762)
subspecies :
subsp. pumila
Distribution: Austria; NE-Italy; Slovenia
11 AUT 13 ITA SLV
Remarks: Sect. Calathianae
Synonyms: hidden
= Calathiana pumila (Jacq.) Holub, Folia Geobot. Phytotax., 8(2): 169 (1973)
= Ericala pumila (Jacq.) G.Don, Gen. Syst. 4: 189 (1796)
= Ericoila pumila (Jacq.) Borkh., Roem. Arch. 1: I. 27 (1796)
= Erythraea pumila (Jacq.) Grande, Nuov. Giorn. Bot. Ital., n. s. 31: 133 (1924)
= Gentiana imbricata Willk. ex Nyman, Consp. 499 (1881)
= Gentiana verna ssp. pumila (Jacq.) Malag., Las Subesp. y Variac. Geogr.: 13 (1973), without basionym date
= Gonipia pumila (Jacq.) Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 24 (1837)
= Ricoila pumila (Jacq.) Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 23 (1837)
subspecies :
subsp. delphinensis (Beauv.) P.Fourn.; Quatre Fl. Fr. 857 (1938)
Distribution: France; ?Italy (SW-Alps, E-Pyrenees)
12 FRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Calathiana delphinensis (Beauverd) Holub, Folia Geobot. Phytotax., 9(3): 272 (1974)
= Calathiana verna ssp. delphinensis (Beauverd) Holub, Preslia, 70(2): 101 (1998)
= Gentiana delphinensis Beauverd, Bull. Soc. Bot. Geneve, 1932-3, Ser. II. 25: 314 (1934), et Bull. Soc. Bot. Geneve, Ser. II. 27: 103 (1937)
= Gentiana pumila Vill., Hist. Pl. Dauph. 2: 527 (1787), non Jacq.
= Gentiana verna ssp. delphinensis (Beauverd) Kunz, Exsicc. Genav., 2: 23 (1971)
species :
Gentiana pumilio Standl. & Steyerm.; Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Chicago, Bot. Ser., 23: 76 (1944)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas); Guatemala
79 MEX 80 GUA
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
species :
Gentiana punctata L.; Sp. Pl. 227 (1753)
Name: Tüpfel-Enzian, Punktierter Enzian
Distribution: Albania; Austria; Bulgaria; Czech Republic; Slovakia; France; Germany; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Italy; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Macedonia; Serbia & Kosovo; Poland; Romania; Greece; W-Ukraine
11 AUT CZE GER LIE POL SLO SWI 12 FRA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA NMA ROM SRB 14 UKR
Remarks: Sect. Lutea
Synonyms: hidden
= Coilantha campanulata (Jacq.) G.Don, Gen. Hist. 4: 185 (1837)
= Coilantha punctata (L.) G.Don, Gen. Hist. 4: 185 (1837)
= Dasystephana punctata (L.) Borkh., Roem. Archiv, 1: t. 26 (1796)
= Gentiana campanulata Jacq., Fl. Austriac. (Jacq.) 5: 43 (1778)
= Gentiana immaculata Pers. ex Steud., Syn. 1: 284 (1841)
= Gentiana purpurea Vill., Hist. Pl. Dauphiné (Vill.) 2: 523 (1787)
= Gentianusa punctata (L.) Pohl, Tentamen Fl. Bohemiae, 1: 249 (1810)
= Lexipyretum punctatum (L.) Dulac, Fl. Hautes-Pyr. 451 (1867)
= Pneumonanthe campanulata F.W.Schmidt, Roem. Arch. 1: I. (1796) 9
= Pneumonanthe punctata (L.) F.W.Schmidt, Roem. Arch. 1: I. (1796) 9
species :
Gentiana purpurea L.; Sp. Pl. 227 (1753)
Name: Purpurenzian
Distribution: S-Norway; Austria; France; S-Germany; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Italy
10 NOR 11 AUT GER LIE SWI 12 FRA 13 ITA
Remarks: Sect. Lutea
Synonyms: hidden
= Coilantha purpurea (L.) Borkh., Roem. Arch. 1: I. 25 (1796)
= Gentianusa purpurea (L.) Pohl, Tentamen Fl. Bohemiae, 1: 249 (1810)
= Pneumonanthe purpurea (L.) F.W.Schmidt, Roem. Arch. 1: I. (1796) 9
species :
Gentiana pyrenaica L.; Mantissa 55 (1767)
Distribution: SW-France; NE-Spain (E-Pyrenees); SW-Bulgaria; Poland; W-Ukraine; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia [Caucasus]; Turkey (NE-Anatolia); Iran (Iranian Aserbaijan)
11 POL 12 FRA SPA 13 BUL 14 UKR 33 ARM AZE GEO 34 IRN TUR
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Ciminalis dshimilensis (C.Koch) Zuev, Turczaninowia 22(3): 146 (2019)
= Ciminalis dshimilensis ssp. laciniata (Kit. ex Kanitz) Zuev, Turczaninowia 22(3): 147 (2019)
= Ciminalis pyrenaica (L.) Zuev, Turczaninowia 22(3): 146 (2019)
= Diploma pyrenaica (L.) Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 19 (1837)
= Ericala pyrenaica (L.) G.Don, Gen. Hist. 4: 189 (1837)
= Ericoila pyrenaica (L.) Borkh., Roem. Arch. 1: I. 27 (1796)
= Gentiana djimilensis Boiss., Fl. Orient. 4: 72 (1875)
= Gentiana dshimilensis C.Koch, Linnaea, 23: 583 (1850)
= Gentiana laciniata Kit. ex Kanitz, Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 12: 572 (1862)
= Gentiana pyrenaica f. longipedunculata Kozuharov & Petrova, Fl. Nar. Republ. Bulgariya, 8: 484, 404 (1982)
= Gentiana pyrenaica f. minuta Kozuharov & Petrova, Fl. Nar. Republ. Bulgariya, 8: 484, 404 (1982)
= Hippion pyrenaicum (L.) F.W.Schmidt, Roem. Arch. 1: I. 10, 14 (1796)
= Holubia pyrenaica (L.) Á.Löve & D.Löve, An. Inst. Bot. A. J. Cavanilles, 32(2): 226 (1975), genus homonym
= Holubogentia pyrenaica (L.) Á.Löve & D.Löve, Bot. Notiser, 131(3): 385 (1978)
= Lexipyretum pyrenaicum (L.) Dulac, Fl. Hautes-Pyr. 451 (1867)
= Varasia dshimilensis (C.Koch) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(3-4): 201 1979 (1980)
= Varasia pyrenaica (L.) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz.(Prague), 148(3-4): 202 1979 (1980)
species :
Gentiana qiujiangensis T.N.Ho; Acta Biol. Plat. Sin., 1984(3): 17 (1984)
Distribution: China (NW-Yunnan)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
species :
Gentiana quadrifaria Blume; Bijdr. 847 (1826)
Distribution: Myanmar (Kachin, Mandalay); Java; W-India; S-India; Sri Lanka; Laos; Philippines (Luzon, Negros, Mindanao); Taiwan
38 TAI 40 IND SRL 41 LAO MYA 42 JAW PHI
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Ericala orbiculata G.Don, Gen. Hist. 4: 193 (1837)
= Ericala quadrifaria (Blume) G.Don, Gen. Hist. 4: 190 (1837)
= Gentiana abscondita Zenker, Pl. Ind. 11, t. 13
= Gentiana apoensis Merr., Philipp. Journ. Sci. 1: Suppl. 223 (1906)
= Gentiana borneensis ssp. apoensis (Merr.) Halda, Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Not., 3(1): 45 (1995)
= Gentiana cuspidata Wall. ex C.B.Clarke, Journ. L. Soc. 14: 435 (1875)
= Gentiana laxicaulis Zoll. & Moritzi, Nat. en Geneesk. Arch. Neerl. Indie, 2: 568 (1845)
= Gentiana luzoniensis Merr., Philipp. Journ. Sci. 1: Suppl. 224 (1906)
= Gentiana luzoniensis var. tarokensis (Chih H.Chen & J.C.Wang) T.N.Ho, A Worldwide Monograph of Gentiana: 344 (2001)
= Gentiana pedicellata ssp. zeylanica (Griseb.) Halda, Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Nat., 3(1): 38 (1995)
= Gentiana quadrifaria var. zeylanica (Griseb.) Kusnez, Trudy Imp. S. Peterburgsk Bot. Sada 15: 403 (1904)
= Gentiana scabrida ssp. luzoniensis (Merr.) Halda, Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Nat., 3(1): 39 (1995)
= Gentiana tarokensis Chih H.Chen & J.C.Wang, Bot. Bull. Acad. Sin. (Taipei), 40(1): 29 (1999)
= Gentiana zeylanica Griseb., Gen. et Sp. Gent. 274 (1839)
= Varasia quadrifaria (Blume) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(3-4): 202 1979 (1980)
variant :
var. wightii (Kuzn.) T.N.Ho; Acta Phytotax. Sin., 38(1): 11 (2000)
Distribution: S-India
40 IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana pedicellata var. wightii Kuzn., (1904)
species :
Gentiana querceticola Halda & Jurásek; Acta Mus. Richnov., Sect. Nat. 19(3-4): 61 (2012)
Distribution: China (Sichuan)
36 CHI
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Gentiana radiata Marquand; Kew Bull., 87 (1931)
Distribution: China (SW-Sichuan)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
species :
Gentiana radicans H.Sm.; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 26: 250 (1965)
Distribution: Nepal
40 NEP
Remarks: Sect. Kudoa
species :
Gentiana recurvata C.B.Clarke; Hook. fil. Fl. Brit. Ind. 4: 110 (1883)
Distribution: SE-Tibet; China (NW-Yunnan); NE-Myanmar; E-Nepal; N-India (Sikkim, Chumbi)
36 CHI TIB 40 IND NEP 41 MYA
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Varasia recurvata (C.B.Clarke) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(3-4): 202 1979 (1980)
species :
Gentiana recurvifolia Royen; Nova Guinea, Bot., No. 17, 390 (1964)
Distribution: E-New Guinea
42 NWG
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
species :
Gentiana rickii Halda; Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Nat., 6(3): 234 (1999)
Distribution: USA (Washington State)
73 USA
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Gentiana rigescens Franch. ex Hemsl.; Journ. L. Soc. 26: 134 (1890)
Distribution: China (Guizhou, Sichuan, Yunnan, Hunan); Myanmar; Vietnam
36 CHI 41 MYA VIE
Remarks: Sect. Monopodiae
Synonyms: hidden
= Dasystephana rigescens (Franch.) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(3-4): 200 1979 (1980)
= Gentiana crassa ssp. rigescens (Franch. ex Hemsl.) Halda, Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Nat., 3(1): 27 (1995)
= Gentiana rigescens var. stictantha C.Marquand, (1937)
= Gentiana rigescens var. violacea Harry Sm., (1936)
= Gentianodes rigescens (Franch. ex Hemsl.) Á.Löve & D.Löve, Bot. Notiser, 125(3): 257 (1972)
species :
Gentiana riparia Kar. & Kir.; Bull. Soc. Nat. Mosc. (1841) 706 [bis]
Distribution: Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Tajikistan; Kyrgyzstan; Uzbekistan; NW-India (Jammu & Kashmir); Pakistan; SE-Kazakhstan; Mongolia; China (Gansu, Xinjiang); Tibet; Iran (SW-Iran); Afghanistan (Bamyan, Ghazni, Kunar / Nuristan, Logar, Paktia / Khost, Parwan)
30 SIB 32 KAZ KGZ TZK UZB 34 AFG IRN 36 CHI TIB 37 MON 40 IND PAK
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Ciminalis riparia (Kar. & Kir.) Zuev, Bot. Zhurn., 70(7): 921 (1985)
= Varasia riparia (Kar. & Kir.) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(3-4): 202 1979 (1980)
species :
Gentiana robusta King ex Hook.fil.; Ic. Pl. 15: 31, t. 1439 (1883)
Distribution: Nepal; N-India (Sikkim, Chumbi); S- & SE-Tibet
36 TIB 40 IND NEP
Remarks: Sect. Cruciata
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana lhakangensis C.Marquand, Kew Bull., 184 (1937)
= Gentiana pharica Burkill, Journ. As. Soc. Beng. n. s. 2: 310 (1906)
= Gentiana tibetica var. robusta (King ex Hook.fil.) Kuzn., (1904)
species :
Gentiana rostanii Reut. ex Verl.; Cat. Pl. Dauph. 242 (1872)
Distribution: SE-France; NW-Italy
12 FRA 13 ITA
Remarks: Sect. Calathianae
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana rostanii Reut., Bull. Soc. Dauph. 119 (1877) et ex Kuzn., Act. Hort. Petrop. 15: 475
= Calathiana rostanii (Reut.) Holub, Folul Geobot. Phytotax., 8(2): 170 (1973)
species :
Gentiana rubicunda Franch.; Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 31: 373 (1884), et Nouv. Archiv. Mus. Paris, Ser. II, 10: 62 (1888)
Distribution: China (SE-Gansu, Guizhou, Hubei, Hunan, Sichuan, Yunnan, Jiangxi)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Varasia rubicunda (Franch.) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(3-4): 202 1979 (1980)
= Gentiana bodinieri H.Lév., Bull. Geogr. Bot., 25: 22 (1915)
variant :
var. biloba T.N.Ho; Fl. Reipubl. Pop. Sin. 62: 178 (1988)
Distribution: China (E-Sichuan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana bellidifolia Franch., (1896) non Hook. fil. (1844)
= Gentiana rubicunda ssp. biloba (T.N.Ho) Halda, Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Nat., 3(1): 42 (1995)
variant :
var. purpurata (Maxim. ex Kuzn.) T.N.Ho; Fl. Reipubl. Pop. Sin. 62: 178 (1988)
Distribution: China (Sichuan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana purpurata Maxim. ex Kuzn., Bull. Acad. sci. St. Petersb. 34: 506 (1892), et Etud. monog. Sous-genre Eugentiana 251 (1894)
= Varasia purpurata (Maxim.) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(3-4): 202 1979 (1980)
= Gentiana rubicunda ssp. purpurata (Maxim. ex Kuzn.) H.Sm., (1936)
species :
Gentiana rubricaulis Schwein.; Long, Exped. Winnep. 2: 384 (1824)
Name: Closed gentian
Distribution: USA (Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Wisconsin); Canada (Manitoba, New Brunswick, Ontario)
71 CDN 72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA
Remarks: Sect. Pneumonanthe
Synonyms: hidden
= Dasystephana grayi (Kuzn.) Britton, Britton & Brown, Ill. Fl. Ed. 2, 3: 13 (1913)
= Gentiana grayi Kuzn., Act. Hort. Petrop. 13: 59 (1893)
= Gentiana linearis f. rubricaulis (Schwein.) Louis-Marie, Rev. Oka Agron. Inst. Agric. 34: 11 (1960)
= Gentiana linearis ssp. rubricaulis (Schwein.) J.M.Gillett, Gentians Canada, Alaska Greenland 22 (1964)
= Gentiana linearis var. lanceolata A.Gray, Syn. Fl. N. Amer. 2(1): 123 (1878)
= Gentiana linearis var. latifolia A.Gray, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 22: 309 (1887)
= Gentiana linearis var. rubricaulis (Schwein.) MacMill., Metasp. Minnesota Valley 419 (1892)
species :
Gentiana saltuum Marquand; Kew Bull., 55 (1928)
Distribution: N-Myanmar
41 MYA
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
species :
Gentiana samolifolia Franch.; Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 43: 485 (1896)
Distribution: China (W-Hubei, E-Sichuan, Hunan)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana rubicunda var. samolifolia (Franch.) C.Marquand, (1937)
= Gentiana rubicunda ssp. samolifolia (Franch.) Halda, Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Nat., 3(1): 42 (1995)
species :
Gentiana saponaria L.; Sp. Pl. 228 (1753)
Name: Harvestbells
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, District of Columbia, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Michigan, Mississippi, North Carolina, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, West Virginia)
74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Remarks: Sect. Pneumonanthe
Synonyms: hidden
= Ciminalis saponaria (L.) Bercht. & J.Presl, Rostl. 1: Gentian. 11 (1823)
= Cuttera saponaria (L.) Raf., Med. Repos. N. York, 5: 352 (1808)
= Dasystephana cherokeensis W.P.Lemmon, Bartonia, No. 17, 4 (1935) (1936)
= Dasystephana latifolia (Chapm.) Small, Fl. S. E. U. S. 930 (1903)
= Dasystephana puberula (Michx.) Small, Fl. S. E. U. S. 930 (1903) as to type, non sensu Small
= Dasystephana saponaria (L.) Small, Fl. S. E. U. S. 930 (1903)
= Gentiana axillaris Raf., Med. Fl. 1: 213 (1828), non Poir. ex Lam.
= Gentiana cherokeensis (W.P.Lemmon) Fernald, Rhodora 41: 487 (1939)
= Gentiana collinsiana Raf., Med. Fl. 1: 213 (1828)
= Gentiana elliotea Raf., Med. Fl. 1: 212 (1828)
= Gentiana elliottii var. latifolia Chapm., (1860)
= Gentiana fimbriata Vahl, Symb. Bot. 3: 46 (1794)
= Gentiana gracilis Raf., Med. Fl. 1: 213 (1828) non Nees
= Gentiana latifolia (Chapm.) Britton, Man. Fl. N. US. Ed. 3, 1085 (1907)
= Gentiana puberula Michx., Fl. Bor. Amer. 1: 176 (1803) as to type, non sensu Small
= Gentiana rigida Raf., Med. Fl. 1: 212 (1828)
= Gentiana saponarifolia Stokes, Bot. Mat. Med. 2: 51
= Gentiana saponaria var. allegheniensis Jenn., (1947)
= Gentiana scaberrima Kuzn., Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 13: 59 (1893)
= Gentiana shortiana Raf., Med. Fl. 1: 211 (1828)
= Gentiana shortiana var. biflora Raf., Med. Fl. 1: 211 (1828)
= Gentiana torreyana Raf., Med. Fl. 1: 212 (1828)
= Pneumonanthe latifolia (Chapm.) Greene, Leaflets Bot. Obs. 1: 71 (1904)
= Pneumonanthe puberula (Michx.) Greene, Leaflets Bot. Obs. 1: 71 (1904)
= Pneumonanthe saponaria (L.) F.W.Schmidt, Roem. Arch. 1: t. (1796) 1
= Xolemia trachiloma Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 22 (1837)
species :
Gentiana sasidharanii K.M.P.Kumar & Sunil; Phytotaxa 443(3): 295 (2020)
Distribution: India (Kerala)
40 IND
species :
Gentiana satsunanensis T.Yamaz.; J. Jap. Bot. 77(1): 37 (2002)
Distribution: Ryukyu Isl.
38 NNS
species :
Gentiana scabra Bunge; Verz. Alt. 21 (1835)
Distribution: Siberia (C-Siberia, E-Siberia, Dahuria); Russian Far East (Amur, Ussuri, Russian Far East); China (Hubei, Hunan, Shaanxi, Nei Mongol, Liaoning, Jilin, Heilongjiang, Anhui, Jiangxi, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Fujian, Guangxi, Guangdong); North Korea; South Korea; Taiwan; Japan (Kyushu)
30 SIB 31 RFE 36 CHI 38 JAP KOR NKO TAI
Remarks: Sect. Pneumonanthe
Synonyms: hidden
= Dasystephana scabra (Bunge) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(34): 200 1979 (1980)
= Dasystephana scabra (Bunge) V.Zuev, Bot. Zhurn., 75(9): 1300 (1990)
= Gentiana fortunei Hook.fil., Bot. Mag. t. 4776 (1854)
= Gentiana scabra f. angustifolia Kuzn., (1898)
= Gentiana scabra f. latifolia Kuzn., (1898)
= Gentiana scabra ssp. australis M.Y.Liou, Bull. Bot. Res. North-East. Forest. Inst., 1(3): 68 (1981)
= Gentiana scabra var. fortunei Maxim., (1888)
= Gentiana scabra var. intermedia Kusn., Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Obshch. Estestvoisp., Vyp. 2., Otd. Bot. 24: 77 (1894)
variant :
var. buergeri (Miq.) Maxim. ex Franch. & Sav.; Enum. Pl. Jap. 2: 449 (1877)
Distribution: Japan (Kyushu)
38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana buergeri Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd. Bat. 3: 124 (1867)
= Gentiana iseana Makino, J. Jap. Bot. 4: 8 (1927)
= Gentiana saxatilis Honda, Bot. Mag., Tokyo, 43: 191 (1929)
= Gentiana scabra f. alborosea N.Yonez., J. Phytogeogr. Taxon., 33(2): 81 (1985)
= Gentiana scabra f. angustifolia Kusn., Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Obshch. Estestvoisp., Vyp. 2., Otd. Bot. 24: 78 (1894)
= Gentiana scabra f. saxatilis (Honda) Masam., (1955)
= Gentiana scabra f. stenophylla (H.Hara) W.K.Paik & W.Lee, Korean J. Pl. Taxon. 25: 161 (1995)
= Gentiana scabra f. stenophylla (Hara) Ohwi, Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus., Tokyo 33: 83 (1953)
= Gentiana scabra f. stenophylla (Hara) W.K.Paik & W.Lee, Korean J. Pl. Taxon., 25(3): 21 (1995)
= Gentiana scabra subvar. angustifolia Makino, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 10: 313 (1896)
= Gentiana scabra subvar. saxatilis Honda
= Gentiana scabra var. intermedia Kuzn., (1898)
= Gentiana scabra var. stenophylla H.Hara, Enum. Spermatophytarum Japon. 1: 134 (1948)
= Gentiana subpetiolata Honda, Bot. Mag., Tokyo, 47: 434 (1933)
species :
Gentiana scabrida Hayata; Journ. Coll. Sci. Tokyo, 25: Art. 19, 168 (1908)
Distribution: Taiwan
38 TAI
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana scabrida var. punctulata S.S.Ying, Alp. Pl. Taiwan in Color, 2: 215 (1978)
variant :
var. horaimontana (Masam.) T.S.Liu & Chin C.Kuo; Bull. Exp. Forest Nation. Taiwan Univ., 114: 188 (1974)
Distribution: Taiwan
38 TAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana horaimontana Masam., Trans. Nat. Hist. Soc. Formosa, 26: 56 (1936)
= Gentiana scabrida ssp. horaimontana (Masam.) Halda, Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Nat., 3(1): 39, 42 (1995)
species :
Gentiana scabrifilamenta T.N.Ho; Acta Biol. Plat. Sin., 1984(3): 42 (1984)
Distribution: SE-Tibet
36 TIB
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana alsinoides ssp. scabrifilamenta (T.N.Ho) Halda, Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Nat., 3(1): 37 (1995)
species :
Gentiana sceptrum Griseb.; Hook., Fl. Bor. Amer. 2: 57, t. 145 (1837)
Name: King´s scepter gentian
Distribution: USA (California, Oregon, Washington State); Canada (British Columbia)
71 CDN 73 USA 76 USA
Remarks: Sect. Pneumonanthe
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana orfordii Howell, Fl. N. W. Amer. [Howell] 1: 446 (1901)
= Gentiana sceptrum var. cascadensis M.Peck, Leafl. W. Bot. 7: 186 (1954)
= Gentiana sceptrum var. humilis Engelm. ex A.Gray, Bot. California [W. H. Brewer] 1: 483 (1876)
= Pneumonanthe sceptrum (Griseb.) Greene, Leaflets Bot. Obs. 1: 71
species :
Gentiana sclerophylla Royen; Nova Guinea, Bot., No. 17, 378 (1964)
Distribution: New Guinea
42 NWG
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana carinicostata ssp. sclerophylla (P.Royen) Halda, Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Nat., 3(1): 46 (1995)
species :
Gentiana scytophylla T.N.Ho; Acta Biol. Plat. Sin., 1984(3): 39 (1984)
Distribution: China (NE-Yunnan)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana albomarginata ssp. scytophylla (T.N.Ho) Halda, Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Nat., 3(1): 35 (1995)
species :
Gentiana septemfida Pall.; Fl. Ross. 1, 2: 101, t. 92, f. 3 (1788)
subspecies :
subsp. septemfida
Name: Crested gentian
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia); Iran (EC-Iran, N-Iran); ?Crimea; Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia [Caucasus]; China (Xinjiang); SE-Kazakhstan; Siberia (Altai, W-Siberia); Turkmenistan; USA [I] (Illinois [I], Wisconsin [I])
30 SIB 32 KAZ TKM 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN TUR 36 CHI 74 usa
Remarks: Sect. Pneumonanthe
Synonyms: hidden
= Ciminalis septemfida (Pall.) Bercht. & J.Presl, Rostl. 1: Gentian. 10 (1823)
= Dasystephana calycina (Boiss. & Hausskn.) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(3-4): 200 1979 (1980)
= Dasystephana fischeri (P.A.Smirn.) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(3-4): 200 1979 (1980)
= Dasystephana lagodechiana (Kuzn.) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(3-4): 200 1979 (1980)
= Dasystephana septemfida (Pall.) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(3-4): 200 1979 (1980)
= Dasystephana septemfida (Pall.) V.Zuev, Bot. Zhurn., 75(9): 1300 (1990)
= Eyrythalia septemfida (Pall.) Borkh., Roem. Arch. 1: I. 28 (1796)
= Gentiana calycina Boiss. & Hausskn. ex Boiss., Fl. Orient. 4: 75 (1875)
= Gentiana cordifolia C.Koch, Linnaea, 23: 585 (1850)
= Gentiana dschungarica Regel, Act. Hort. Petrop. 6: 334 (1879)
= Gentiana fimbriaeplica C.Koch, Linnaea, xxlii. 584 (1850)
= Gentiana fischeri P.A.Smirn., Bull. Soc. Nat. Mosc., Biol., n. s. 46: 95, cum descr. (1937)
= Gentiana foliiformis Borbás, Termesz. Fuzet. 16: 51 (1893)
= Gentiana gebleri Fisch. ex Bunge, Nouv. Mem. Soc. Nat. Mosc. 1: 218 (1829), pro syn.
= Gentiana gelida Hort., Kew Bull. 3: 41 (1889)
= Gentiana lagodechiana (Kuzn.) Deutsch., Gärtner-Zeit., 46: 141 (1931), Grossh., Fl. Kavkaza, 3: 228 (1932)
= Gentiana septemfida var. lagodechiana Kuzn., (1903)
= Pneumonanthe fischeri (P.A.Smirn.) V.Zuev, Bot. Zhurn., 70(7): 921 (1985)
= Pneumonanthe septemfida (Pall.) F.W.Schmidt, Roem. Arch. 1: t. (1796)
subspecies :
subsp. grossheimii (Doluch.) Halda; Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Nat., 3(1): 20 (1995)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus
33 NCS
Synonyms: hidden
= Dasystephana grossheimii (Doluch.) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(3-4): 200 1979 (1980)
= Gentiana grossheimii Doluch., Not. Syst. Geogr. Inst. Bot. Tphilis. Fasc. 14, 51 (1948)
= Gentiana septemfida var. procumbens Boiss., (1875)
subspecies :
subsp. kolakovskyi (Doluch.) Halda; Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Nat., 3(1): 20 (1995)
Distribution: Georgia [Caucasus]
33 GEO
Synonyms: hidden
= Dasystephana kolakovskyi (Doluch.) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(3-4): 200 1979 (1980)
= Gentiana bzybica (Doluch.) Kolak.
= Gentiana kolakovskyi Doluch., Not. Syst. Geogr. Inst. Bot. Tphilis., Fasc. 14, 54 (1948)
= Gentiana kolakovskyi var. bzybica Doluch.
= Gentiana kolakovskyi var. tetychensis Vorosch., Byull. Glavn. Bot. Sada (Moscow), 83: 36 (1972)
= Gentiana septemfida var. diversifolia Albov, (1894)
= Gentiana septemfida var. latiifolia Albov, (1894)
species :
Gentiana setigera A.Gray; Proc. Am. Acad. 11: 84 (1876)
Name: Mendocino gentian
Distribution: USA (California, Oregon)
73 USA 76 USA
Remarks: Sect. Pneumonanthe
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana bisetaea Howell, Fl. N. W. Amer. 1: 445 (1901)
= Gentiana californica Kuzn., Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 13: 59 (1893)
= Pneumonanthe setigera (A.Gray) Greene, Leaflets Bot. Obs. 1: 71 (1904)
species :
Gentiana setulifolia Marquand; Kew Bull., 56 (1928)
Distribution: NE-Myanmar
41 MYA
Remarks: Sect. Kudoa
species :
Gentiana shaanxiensis T.N.Ho; Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 59 (1993)
Distribution: China (Shaanxi)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
species :
Gentiana sierrae Briq.; Candollea, 4: 323 (1931)
Distribution: S-Spain (Sa. Nevada, Sa. de Baza)
12 SPA
Remarks: Sect. Calathianae
Synonyms: hidden
= Calathiana nevadensis (Soltok.) Holub, Folia Geobot. Phytotax., 8(2): 169 (1973)
= Gentiana nevadensis Soltok., Österr. Bot. Zeitschr., 170 (1901)
= Calathiana sierrae (Briq.) Holub, Preslia, 70(2): 101 (1998)
= Gentiana verna ssp. sierrae (Briq.) Rivas Mart., A.Asensi, Molero Mesa & F.Valle, Rivasgodaya, 6: 35 (1991)
= Gentiana vernaponti ssp. nevadensis (Soltok.) Litard. & Maire, (1924)
species :
Gentiana sikkimensis C.B.Clarke; Hook. fil. Fl. Brit. Ind. 4: 114 (1883)
Distribution: China (NW-Yunnan); S- & SE-Tibet; Bhutan; NE-India (Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim); NE-Myanmar; Nepal
36 CHI TIB 40 BHU IND NEP 41 MYA
Remarks: Sect. Isomeria
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana pseudosikkimensis C.Marquand ex Wilkie, Gentians, 163 (1936), nomen subnudum, Marquand in Kew Bull., 162 (1937)
= Gentianodes sikkimensis (C.B.Clarke) Á.Löve & D.Löve, Bot. Notiser, 125(3): 257 (1972)
species :
Gentiana sikokiana Maxim.; Bull. Acad. sci. St. Petersb. 32: 508 (1888)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu)
38 JAP
Remarks: Sect. Pneumonanthe
Synonyms: hidden
= Dasystephana sikokiana (Maxim.) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(3-4): 200 1979 (1980)
= Gentiana sikokiana f. albiflora Akasawa & E.Hirose, Bull. Kochi Women´s Univ. Ser. Nat. Sci., 25: 5 (1977)
species :
Gentiana simulatrix Marquand; Kew Bull., 190 (1937)
Distribution: China (SW-Sichuan, SW-Qinghai); SE-Tibet; Bhutan; N-India (Chumbi)
36 CHI TIB 40 BHU IND
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
species :
Gentiana sino-ornata Balf.fil.; Trans. Bot. Soc. Edin. 27: 253 (1918)
Distribution: China (W-Sichuan, NW-Yunnan); E-Tibet
36 CHI TIB
Remarks: Sect. Kudoa
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana ornata (Wall. ex G.Don) Griseb.var.veitchii Irving
= Gentianodes sino-ornata (Balf.fil.) Á.Löve & D.Löve, Bot. Notiser, 125(3): 257 (1972)
variant :
var. gloriosa C.Marquand; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1928: 57 (1928)
Distribution: Myanmar (Kachin); China (SW-Sichuan, NW-Yunnan); SE-Tibet
36 CHI TIB 41 MYA
species :
Gentiana siphonantha Maxim. ex Kuzn.; Bull. Acad. sci. St. Petersb. 34: 506 (1892), et Etud. monog. Sous-genre Eugentiana 171 (1894)
Distribution: China (Gansu, ?Ningxia, Qinghai, NW-Sichuan)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Cruciata
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana siphonantha var. latifolia C.Marquand, (1937)
= Tretorhiza siphonantha (Maxim.) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(3-4): 201 1979 (1980)
species :
Gentiana sirensis J.S.Pringle; Arnaldoa 19(2): 149 (2013)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Gentiana somdavii H.B.Naithani; Flow. Pl. India, Nepal & Bhutan: 294 (1990) [nom. nov.]
Distribution: Nepal; Bhutan
40 BHU NEP
Remarks: Sect. Microsperma
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana bhutanica Grubov, J. Jap. Bot., 69(1): 21 (1994) (nom. nov. superfl.)
= Gentiana andersonii Biswas, Hook. Ic. Pl. 34: t. 3358 (1938) (non Cl.)
species :
Gentiana spathacea Kunth; Nov. Gen. et Sp. 3: 173 (1819)
Distribution: Mexico (Aguascalientes, Colima, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Nuevo Leon, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Tamaulipas, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Zacatecas)
79 MEX
Remarks: Sect. Pneumonanthe
Synonyms: hidden
= Coilantha mocinii D.Don ex G.Don, Gen. Hist. 4: 185 (1837)
= Coilantha sessaei D.Don ex G.Don, Gen. Hist. 4: 185 (1837)
= Dasystephana spathacea (Kunth) Arthur, Torreya, xix 49 (1919)
= Ericala spathacea (Kunth) G.Don, Gen. Hist. 4: 191 (1837)
= Gentiana coerulea Moc. & Sessé ex Griseb., DC. Prod. 9: 112 (1888)
= Gentiana ovalis M.Martens & Galeotti, Bull. Acad. Brux. 11: I. 369 (1844)
= Gentiana plicata Willd. ex Schult., Syst. 6: 184 (1820)
= Gentiana sessaei (G.Don) Griseb., DC. Prod. 9: 112 (1845)
= Gentiana spathacea var. benthamii Griseb., DC., Prodr. 9: 113 (1845)
= Gentiana spathacea var. integra Kuzn., Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Obshch. Estestvoisp., Vyp. 2., Otd. Bot. 24(Bot.) 53 (1894)
= Pneumonanthe spathacea (Kunth) Greene, Leaflets Bot. Obs. 1: 71 (1904)
species :
Gentiana spathulifolia Kuzn.; Bull. Acad. sci. St. Petersb. 35: 351 (1894), et Etud. monog. Sous-genre Eugentiana 171 (1894)
Distribution: China (S-Gansu, W-Gansu, SE-Qinghai, Shaanxi, N-Sichuan)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Varasia spathulifolia (Kuzn.) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(3-4): 202 1979 (1980)
variant :
var. ciliata Kuzn.; Mel. Biol. Bull. Phys.-Math. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.-Petersbourg 13: 339 (1894)
Distribution: China (W-Gansu, N-Sichuan)
36 CHI
species :
Gentiana spathulisepala T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu; Novon 20(2): 166 (2010)
Distribution: China (Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Gentiana spitiensis N.C.Nair; Bull. Bot. Surv. Ind. 6: 295 (1965)
Distribution: NW-India (Spiti)
40 IND
species :
Gentiana springateana D.Maity; Edinburgh J. Bot. 71(3): 289 (2014)
Distribution: N-India (Sikkim)
40 IND
species :
Gentiana squarrosa Ledeb.; Mem. Acad. Petersb. 5: 527 (1812)
Distribution: Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Russian Far East; Japan (Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu); Ryukyu Isl.; Taiwan; China (Hebei, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi); Tibet; North Korea; South Korea; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; SE-Kazakhstan; Mongolia; NW-India (Zanskar); N-Pakistan (Gilgit, Baltistan, Skardu)
30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ KGZ TZK 36 CHI TIB 37 MON 38 JAP KOR NKO NNS TAI 40 IND PAK
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Ciminalis squarrosa (Ledeb.) Zuev, Bot. Zhurn., 70(7): 921 (1985)
= Ericala squarrosa G.Don, Gen. Hist. 4: 191 (1837)
= Gentiana aquatica Stev., Mem. Soc. Nat. Mosc. 3: 258 (1812)
= Gentiana squarrosa f. albiflorida D.Z.Lu, J. Beijing Forest. Univ., 17(1): 96 (1995)
= Gentiana squarrosa var. microphylla Nakai, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 28: 330 (1914)
= Gentiana squarrosa var. liukiuensis Hatus., Fl. Ryukyus: 487 (1971), without latin descr.
= Gentiana takahashii T.Mori, J. Chosen Nat. Hist. Soc. 4: 24 (1927)
= Gentiana wootchuliana W.K.Paik, Korean J. Pl. Taxon., 25(1): 2 (1995)
= Varasia squarrosa (Ledeb.) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(3-4): 202 (1980)
species :
Gentiana stellata Turrill; Kew Bull., 153 (1922)
Distribution: SE-Tibet; NW-India; Nepal; ?Bhutan
36 TIB 40 IND NEP
Remarks: Sect. Dolichocarpa
variant :
var. acuminata (C.B.Clarke) T.N.Ho; A Worldwide Monograph of Gentiana: 323 (2001)
Distribution: NW-India (Jammu & Kashmir); Nepal
40 IND NEP
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana pygmaea var. acuminata C.B.Clarke, (1883)
= Gentiana prostrata var. acuminata (C.B.Clarke) S.Agrawal, J. Econ. Taxon. Bot., 5(2): 434 (1984)
= Gentianodes acuminata (C.B.Clarke) Omer, Ali & Qaiser, Pakistan J. Bot., 20(1): 5 (1988)
= Gentiana clarkei var. acuminata (C.B.Clarke) Kuzn.
species :
Gentiana stellulata H.Sm.; Hand.-Mazz., Symb. Sin. 7: 968 (1936)
Distribution: China (NW-Yunnan); N-Myanmar
36 CHI 41 MYA
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
variant :
var. dichotoma Harry Sm.; Hand.-Mazz., Symb. Sin. 7: 968 (1936)
Distribution: China (NW-Yunnan); N-Myanmar
36 CHI 41 MYA
species :
Gentiana stipitata Edgew.; Trans. L. Soc. 20: 84 (1846)
subspecies :
subsp. stipitata
Distribution: E-Tibet; China (Sichuan, Qinghai); NW-India; Nepal
36 CHI TIB 40 IND NEP
Remarks: Sect. Kudoa
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentianodes stipitata (Edgew.) Á.Löve & D.Löve, Bot. Notiser, 125(3): 257 (1972)
subspecies :
subsp. elegantissima Halda & Jurásek; Acta Mus. Richnov., Sect. Nat. 19(3-4): 56 (2012)
Distribution: China (Sichuan)
36 CHI
subspecies :
subsp. tizuensis (Franch.) T.N.Ho; Novon, 4(4): 371 (1994)
Distribution: China (Gansu, Qinghai, W-Sichuan); SE-Tibet
36 CHI TIB
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana tizuensis Franch., Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 43: 494 (1897)
= Gentianodes tizuensis (Franch.) Á.Löve & D.Löve, Bot. Notiser, 125(3): 257 (1972)
species :
Gentiana stragulata Balf.fil. & Forrest; Kew Bull., 61 (1928)
Distribution: SE-Tibet; China (NW-Yunnan)
36 CHI TIB
Remarks: Sect. Isomeria
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentianodes stragulata (Balf.fil. & Forrest) Á.Löve& D.Löve, Bot. Notiser, 125(3): 257 (1972)
species :
Gentiana straminea Maxim.; Bull. Acad. Petersb. 27: 502 (1881)
Distribution: Nepal; Tibet; China (W-Sichuan, Gansu, Hubei, Ningxia, Qinghai)
36 CHI TIB 40 NEP
Remarks: Sect. Cruciata
Synonyms: hidden
= Tretorhiza straminea (Maxim.) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(3-4): 201 1979 (1980)
species :
Gentiana striolata T.N.Ho; Acta Phytotax. Sin., 23(1): 51 (1985)
Distribution: China (W-Sichuan)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Frigidae
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana wilsonii ssp. striolata (T.N.Ho) Halda, Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Nat., 3(1): 23 (1995)
species :
Gentiana subintricata T.N.Ho; Acta Biol. Plat. Sin., 1984(3): 41 (1984)
Distribution: China (NW-Yunnan)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana intricata var. subintricata (T.N.Ho) Halda, Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Nat., 3(1): 38 (1995)
species :
Gentiana suborbisepala Marquand; Kew Bull., 58 (1928)
Distribution: China (Guizhou, SW-Sichuan, W-Sichuan, NE-Yunnan)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Microsperma
variant :
var. kialensis (C.Marquand) T.N.Ho; Novon, 4(4): 372 (1994)
Distribution: China (Guizhou, SW-Sichuan, W-Sichuan, NE-Yunnan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana blinii H.Lév., Bull. Geogr. Bot., 25: 22 (1915)
= Gentiana kialensis Marquand ex Wilkie, Gentians, 157 (1936), nomen subnudum.
= Gentiana yunnanensis var. kialensis C.Marquand, (1937)
= Gentiana yunnanensis ssp. kialensis (C.Marquand) Halda, Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Nat., 3(1): 29 (1995)
species :
Gentiana subuliformis S.W.Liu; Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 59 (1993)
Distribution: SE-Tibet
36 TIB
Remarks: Sect. Frigidae
species :
Gentiana subuniflora Marquand; Kew Bull., 87 (1931)
Distribution: China (W-Sichuan)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana chungtienensis ssp. subuniflora (C.Marquand) Halda, Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Nat., 3(1): 43 (1995)
species :
Gentiana sumatrana Ridl.; Journ. Fed. Mal. States Mus. 8: IV. 58 (1917)
Distribution: Sumatra
42 SUM
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana singgalangensis Backer, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg ser. III, 2: 326 (1920)
variant :
var. humifusa (S.Moore) T.N.Ho; Acta Phytotax. Sin., 38(1): 12 (2000)
Distribution: Sumatra
42 SUM
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana humifusa S.Moore, Journ. Bot., 63: Suppl. 70 (1925)
species :
Gentiana susamyrensis Pachom.
Distribution: Kyrgyzstan
32 KGZ
species :
Gentiana sutchuenensis Franch. ex Hemsl.; Journ. L. Soc. 26: 136 (1890)
Distribution: China (Yunnan, Sichuan, Guizhou, S-Gansu, S-Shaanxi)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana decipiens Harry Sm., Hand.-Mazz. Symb. Sin. Pt. VII. 956 (1936)
= Gentiana rigidifolia Harry Sm., Hand.-Mazz. Symb. Sin. Pt. 7: 955 (1936)
species :
Gentiana syringea T.N.Ho; Acta Biol. Plat. Sin., 1984(3): 24 (1984)
Distribution: China (S-Gansu, S-Qinghai, W-Sichuan)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana tricolor ssp. syringea (T.N.Ho) Halda, Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Nat., 3(1): 44 (1995)
species :
Gentiana szechenyii Kanitz; Pl. exped. Szechenyi in As. centr. coll. 40 (1891)
subspecies :
subsp. szechenyii
Distribution: SE-Tibet; China (SW-Gansu, Qinghai, W-Sichuan, NW-Yunnan)
36 CHI TIB
Remarks: Sect. Kudoa
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana rosularis Franch., Bull. Soc. Philom. Paris, Ser. VIII. 3: 148 (1891)
= Gentianodes szechenyii (Kanitz) Á.Löve & D.Löve, Bot. Notiser, 125(3): 257 (1972)
= Gentiana callistantha Diels & Gilg, Futterer, Durch Asien, Bot. repr. 14 (1903)
subspecies :
subsp. stolonifera Halda & Jurásek; Acta Mus. Richnov., Sect. Nat. 19(3-4): 60 (2012)
Distribution: China (Sichuan)
36 CHI
species :
Gentiana taiwanica T.N.Ho; Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 59 (1993), nom. nov.
Distribution: Taiwan
38 TAI
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana scabrida var. angusta Masam., (1939)
= Gentiana angusta (Masam.) T.S.Liu & Chin C.Kuo, Bull. Exp. Forest Nation. Taiwan Univ., 114: 176 (1974) nec M. E. Jones (1908)
species :
Gentiana takushii T.Yamaz.; J. Jap. Bot., 75(5): 280 (2000)
Distribution: Ryukyu Isl.
38 NNS
species :
Gentiana taliensis Balf.fil. & Forrest; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 4: 75 (1907)
Distribution: China (Guizhou, SW-Sichuan, Yunnan); N-Myanmar
36 CHI 41 MYA
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana heterostemon Harry Sm., Hand.-Mazz. Symb. Sin. Pt. VII. 953 (1936)
= Gentiana heterostemon ssp. bietii Harry Sm., (1936)
= Gentiana heterostemon ssp. cavaleriei Harry Sm., (1936)
= Gentiana heterostemon ssp. glabricaulis Harry Sm., (1936)
= Gentiana monbeigii Marquand ex Wilkie, Gentians, 160 (1936), nomen subnudum, Marquand in Kew Bull., 176 (1937)
= Gentiana pedicellata var. chinensis Kuzn., (1904)
= Gentiana ramosa Marquand ex Wilkie, Gentians, 164 (1936), nomen subnudum, Marquand in Kew Bull., 176 (1937)
species :
Gentiana tatakensis Masam.; Trans. Nat. Hist. Soc. Taiwan, 33: 110 (1943)
Distribution: Taiwan
38 TAI
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana flavomaculata ssp. tatakensis (Masam.) Halda, Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Nat., 3(1): 38, 42 (1995)
species :
Gentiana tatsienensis Franch.; Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 43: 489 (1896)
Distribution: China (W-Sichuan); E-Tibet
36 CHI TIB
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
species :
Gentiana tentyoensis Masam.; Trans. Nat. Hist. Soc. Taiwan, 32: 1 (1942)
Distribution: Taiwan
38 TAI
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana zollingeri ssp. tentyoensis (Masam.) Halda, Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Nat., 3(1): 39 (1995)
= Gentiana kaoi Shimizu, Journ. Fac. Text. Sci. & Techn., Shinshu Univ., No. 36, Biol., No. 12 (Stud. Limest. Fl. Jap. & Taiwan, Pt. 2) 54 (1963), et in Acta Phytotax. & Geobot.,Kyoto, 21: 27 (1964)
species :
Gentiana tenuicaulis Y.Ling; Contrib. Inst. Bot. Nat. Acad. Peiping, 3: 380 (1935)
Distribution: China (Hebei)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Cruciata
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana walujewii ssp. tenuicaulis (Y.Ling.) Halda, Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Nat., 3(1): 32 (1995)
species :
Gentiana terglouensis Hacq.; Pl. Carn. 9 (1782)
subspecies :
subsp. terglouensis
Distribution: Austria; NE-Italy; Slovenia
11 AUT 13 ITA SLV
Remarks: Sect. Calathianae
Synonyms: hidden
= Calathiana terglouensis (Hacq.) Holub, Folia Geobot. Phytotax., 8(2): 170 (1973)
= Ericala imbricata (Froel.) G.Don, Gen. Hist. 4: 190 (1837)
= Ericoila imbricata (Froel.) Bercht. & J.Presl, Rostl. 1: Gentian. 15 (1823)
= Gentiana imbricata Froel., Gent. Diss. 74 (1796)
= Hippion pusillum F.W.Schmidt, Roem. Arch. 1: I. 10 (1796)
subspecies :
subsp. schleicheri (Vacc.) Tutin; Bot. Jour. L. Soc. 64: 378 (1971)
Distribution: W-Switzerland; SE-France; NW-Italy
11 SWI 12 FRA 13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Calathiana schleicheri (Vacc.) Holub, Folia Geobot. Phytotax., 8(2): 170 (1973)
= Calathiana terglouensis ssp. schleicheri (Vacc.) Á.Löve & D.Löve, Taxon, 35(4): 898 (1986)
= Gentiana schleicheri (Vacc.) Kunz, Ber. Schweiz. Bot. Ges. 49: 160 (1939)
= Gentiana verna ssp. schleicheri (Vacc.) O.Bolòs & Vigo, Fl. Paisos Catalans, 3: 127 (1995)
= Gentiana verna var. imbricata f.schleicheri Vacc., (1911)
species :
Gentiana ternifolia Franch.; Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 31: 377 (1884)
Distribution: China (NW-Yunnan)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Kudoa
species :
Gentiana tetramera Miyam.; Fl. Mustang [Nepal] 221 (2008)
Distribution: Nepal
40 NEP
species :
Gentiana tetraphylla Kuzn.; Bull. Acad. sci. St. Petersb. 35: 350 (1894), et Etud. monog. Sous-genre Eugentiana 125 (1894)
Distribution: China (N-Sichuan, W-Sichuan, S-Gansu)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Kudoa
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentianodes tetraphylla (Kusn.) Á.Löve & D.Löve, Bot. Notiser, 125(3): 257 (1972)
= Gentiana ×quaterna Harry Sm., Kew Bull., 125 (1937)
= Gentiana ×quaterna ssp. longiflora Harry Sm., (1937)
species :
Gentiana tetrasepala Biswas; Hook. Ic. Pl. 34: t. 3359 (1938)
Distribution: India (Kumaon)
40 IND
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae. Status uncertain, only collected once in 1884
species :
Gentiana tetrasticha Marquand; Hook. Ic. Pl. 34: t. 3330 (1937)
Distribution: S-Tibet; N-India (Sikkim)
36 TIB 40 IND
Remarks: Sect. Dolichocarpa
species :
Gentiana thunbergii (G.Don) Griseb.; DC. Prod. 9: 108 (1845)
Distribution: Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu); North Korea; South Korea; China (Guangdong, Guangxi, Hunan, Jiangxi, Jilin, Shanxi)
36 CHI 38 JAP KOR NKO
Synonyms: hidden
= Ericala thunbergii G.Don, Gen. Hist. 4: 192 (1837)
= Gentiana aquatica Thunb., Fl. Jap. 115 (1784) non L. 1753
= Gentiana lactea Nakai, Bot. Mag., Tokyo, 28: 330 (1914) (non Phil.)
= Gentiana thunbergii f. grandis Nakai, J. Jap. Bot. 23: 99 (1949)
= Varasia thunbergii (Griseb.) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(3-4): 202 1979 (1980)
variant :
var. minor (Maxim.) Nakai; Bull. Nat. Sci. Mus., Tokyo, No. 27, 36 (1949), et in Journ. Jap. Bot. 23: 100 (1949)
Distribution: Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku); China (Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning); South Korea
36 CHI 38 JAP KOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana thunbergii f. minor (Maxim.) Toyok., (1963)
= Gentiana thunbergii var. minor Maxim., (1888)
species :
Gentiana tianschanica Rupr.; Sert. Tiansch. 61 (1869) [1870]
Distribution: Pakistan (Hazara, Chitral, Astor, Gilgit, Deosai, Baltistan); NW-India (Zanskar, Kashmir); Nepal; SE-Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; W-Tibet; China (N-Xinjiang); Tajikistan
32 KAZ KGZ TZK 36 CHI TIB 40 IND NEP PAK
Remarks: Sect. Cruciata
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana glomerata Maxim. ex Kuzn., Bull. Acad. sci. St. Petersb. 34: 507 (1892)
= Gentiana kirilowii Turcz.
= Gentiana regelii var. glomerata Kuzn.
= Gentiana regelii Maxim. ex Kuzn., Bull., Acad. sci. St. Petersb. 34: 507 (1892), et Etud. monog. Sous-genre Eugentiana 156 (1894)
= Gentiana tianschanica var. glomerata Kuzn.
= Gentiana tianschanica var. intermedia Kuzn.
= Gentiana tianschanica var. pumila Kuzn.
= Gentianodes tianschanica (Rupr. ex Kuzn.) Omer, Ali & Qaiser, Pakistan J. Bot., 20(1): 18 (1988)
= Tretorhiza tianschanica (Rupr.) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(3-4): 201 1979 (1980)
species :
Gentiana tibetica King ex Hook.fil.; Ic. Pl. t. 1441 (1883)
Distribution: Bhutan; N-India (Sikkim, Chumbi); S- & SE-Tibet; Nepal
36 TIB 40 BHU IND NEP
Remarks: Sect. Cruciata
Synonyms: hidden
= Tretorhiza tibetica (King) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(3-4): 201 1979 (1980)
= Gentiana brevidens Regel, Act. Hort. Petrop. 10: 376 (1887)
species :
Gentiana tongolensis Franch.; Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 43: 490 (1896)
Distribution: China (W-Sichuan, NW-Yunnan); E-Tibet
36 CHI TIB
Remarks: Sect. Microsperma
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentianodes tongolensis (Franch.) Á.Löve & D.Löve, Bot. Notiser, 125(3): 258 (1972)
species :
Gentiana tonkinensis Hul; Adansonia, 21(2): 251 (1999)
Distribution: Vietnam
41 VIE
species :
Gentiana tornezyana Litard. & Maire; Mem. Soc. Sc. Nat. Maroc, No. 6: 17 (1924)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
species :
Gentiana trichotoma Kuzn.; Act. Hort. Petrop. 13: 61 (1893), et Etud. monog. Sous-genre Eugentiana 137 (1894)
Distribution: China (Qinghai, NW-Sichuan, Gansu)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Frigidae
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana phob Franch., Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 43: 493 (1896)
= Gentiana hopei Hort., ex Gard. Chron., Ser. III. 73: 304, anglice, Wilkie, Gentians, 135 (1936), pro syn. (1923)
= Gentianodes trichotoma (Kusn.) Á.Löve & D.Löve, Bot. Notiser, 125(3): 258 (1972)
variant :
var. chingii (C.Marquand) T.N.Ho; Novon, 4(4): 372 (1994)
Distribution: China (Qinghai, Gansu)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana chingii C.Marquand, Kew Bull., 83 (1931)
= Gentiana heterostemon var. chingii (C.Marquand) Harry Sm.
= Gentiana pedicellata var. chingii C.Marquand
= Gentiana trichotoma ssp. chingii (C.Marquand) Halda, Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Nat., 3(1): 23 (1995)
species :
Gentiana tricolor Diels & Gilg; Futterer, Durch. Asien, Bot. repr. 15 (1903)
Distribution: China (Qinghai, Gansu)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
species :
Gentiana triflora Pall.; Fl. Ross. 1: II. 105 (1789)
subspecies :
subsp. triflora
Distribution: Siberia (C-Siberia, Dahuria); Russian Far East (Amur, Ussuri, Sakhalin); Mongolia; North Korea; South Korea; China (Hebei, Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol)
30 SIB 31 RFE 36 CHI 37 MON 38 KOR NKO
Remarks: Sect. Pneumonanthe
Synonyms: hidden
= Dasystephana triflora (Pall.) Borkh., Roem. Archiv, 1: I. 26 (1796)
= Gentiana triflora f. alboviolacea W.K.Paik & W.Lee, Korean J. Pl. Taxon., 25(3): 19 (1995)
= Pneumonanthe triflora (Pall.) F.W.Schmidt, Roem. Arch. 1: I. 10 (1796)
subspecies :
subsp. japonica (Kuzn.) Vorosch.; A. K. Skvortsov (ed.), Florist. issl. v razn. raionakh SSSR: 187 (1985)
Distribution: Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu); Russian Far East (Kuril Isl., Sakhalin); South Korea; China (Jilin)
31 RFE 36 CHI 38 JAP KOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Dasystephana axillariflora (Lév. & Vaniot) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(3-4): 200 1979 (1980)
= Gentiana axillariflora Lév. & Vaniot, Bull. Soc. Bot. France, 53: 648 (1906)
= Gentiana axillariflora var. coreana (Nakai) Kudô, Medik. Pl. Hokk. 1: 69 (1922)
= Gentiana axillariflora var. naitoana (Lév.) Kudô, (1922)
= Gentiana horomuiensis Kudô, Kudô & Susaki, Hokk.-Yak.-Shokub.-Zui, t. 70 (1922)
= Gentiana jesoana Nakai, Bot. Mag., Tokyo, 23: 106 (1909)
= Gentiana jesoana var. coreana Nakai, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 13: 106 (1909)
= Gentiana naitoana Lév. & Faurie, Bull. Soc. Bot. France, liil. 649 (1906)
= Gentiana rigescens var. japonica Kuzn., (1893)
= Gentiana triflora f. albiflora T.Shimizu, Fl. Nagano Pref.: 1509 (1997)
= Gentiana triflora f. horomuiensis (Kudô) Toyok., (1963)
= Gentiana triflora f. montana (Hara) Toyok., (1955)
= Gentiana triflora f. semiglobularis Toyok., J. Fac. Liberal Arts Shinsu Univ., Nat. Sci., 13: 130 (1979)
= Gentiana triflora ssp. japonica (Kuzn.) Vorosch.
= Gentiana triflora var. japonica (Kuzn.) Hara, Enum. Spermatophytarum Japon. 1: 136 (1948)
= Gentiana uchiyamai Nakai, Bot. Mag., Tokyo, 23: 107 (1909)
species :
Gentiana tubiflora (Wall. ex G.Don) Griseb.; Gen. Sp. Gent. (1838)
Distribution: Bhutan; N-India (Sikkim, Chumbi, Kumaon); S- & SE-Tibet; Nepal
36 TIB 40 BHU IND NEP
Remarks: Sect. Isomeria
Synonyms: hidden
= Ericala tubiflora Wall. ex G.Don, Gen. Hist. 4: 189 (1837)
= Gentiana longistyla T.N.Ho, Fl. Reipubl. Popul. Sin., 62: 132 (1988)(nom. nov.)
= Gentiana tubiflora var. longiflora Turrill, (1922)
= Gentiana tubiflora var. namlaensis C.Marquand, (1929)
= Gentiana tubiflora Wall., Cat. n. 4388 (1831) (nom. nud.)
= Gentianodes tubiflora (Wall.) Á.Löve & D.Löve, Bot. Notiser, 125(3): 258 (1972)
species :
Gentiana ulmeri Merr.; Not. Nat. Acad. Nat. Sc. Philad. No. 47, 8 (1940)
Distribution: N-Sumatra
42 SUM
Remarks: Sect. Monopodiae
species :
Gentiana urnula H.Sm.; Kew Bull. 15: 51 (1961)
Distribution: China (SW-Qinghai); E-Tibet; Bhutan; Nepal; N-India (Sikkim, Chumbi)
36 CHI TIB 40 BHU IND NEP
Remarks: Sect. Isomeria
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana amoena var. major Burkill, (1906)
= Gentianodes urnula (H.Sm.) Á.Löve & D.Löve, Bot. Notiser, 125(3): 258 (1972)
= Gentiana amoena f. pallida Marquand, (1929)
species :
Gentiana utriculosa L.; Sp. Pl. 229 (1753)
Name: Schlauchenzian
Distribution: Albania; Austria; W-Bulgaria; France; Germany; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Macedonia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Serbia; Kosovo; Montenegro; Romania; NW-Ukraine
11 AUT GER LIE SWI 12 FRA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO ITA KOS MNT NMA ROM SLV SRB 14 UKR
Remarks: Sect. Calathianae
Synonyms: hidden
= Calathiana utriculosa (L.) Holub, Folia Geobot. Phytotax., 8(2): 170 (1973)
= Ericala utriculosa (L.) G.Don, Gen. Hist. 4: 191 (1837)
= Ericoila utriculosa (L.) Borkh., Roem. Arch. 1: I. 27 (1796)
= Gentiana bucovinensis Herbich, Select. Pl. Rar. Galic. Bucov. 10 (1836)
= Gentianusa utriculosa (L.) Pohl, Tentamen Fl. Bohemiae, 1: 253 (1810)
= Hippion utriculosum (L.) F.W.Schmidt, Fl. Boem. 2: 22 (1796)
= Psalina utriculosa (L.) Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 25 (1837)
= Gentiana utriculosa var. montenegrina (Beck & Szyszyl.) Kozuharov & Petrova, Fl. Nar. Republ. Bulgariya, 8: 408 (1982)
= Gentiana utriculosa f. montenegrina Beck & Szyszyl.
species :
Gentiana vandellioides Hemsl.; Journ. L. Soc. 26: 137 (1890)
Distribution: China (W-Hubei, S-Shaanxi, E-Sichuan)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
variant :
var. biloba Franch.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 43: 486 (1896)
Distribution: China (E-Sichuan)
36 CHI
species :
Gentiana vandewateri Wernham; Trans. L. Soc., Bot. 9: 117 (1916)
Distribution: New Guinea
42 NWG
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana saginifolia Wernham, Trans. L. Soc., Bot. 9: 117 (1916)
= Gentiana saginifolia var. montiswilhelmi (P.Royen) Halda, Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Nat., 3(1): 47 (1995)
= Gentiana montiswilhelmi P.Royen, Alp. Fl. New Guinea, 4: 2816 (1983)
= Gentiana dimorphophylla Royen, Nova Guinea, Bot., No. 17, 398 (1964)
species :
Gentiana veitchiorum Hemsl.; Gard. Chron., 46: 178 (1909)
Distribution: Bhutan; Myanmar; N-India (Sikkim); S- & SE-Tibet; China (Gansu, Qinghai, W-Sichuan, NW-Yunnan)
36 CHI TIB 40 BHU IND 41 MYA
Remarks: Sect. Kudoa
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentianodes veitchiorum (Hemsl.) Á.Löve & D.Löve, Bot. Notiser, 125(3): 258 (1972)
= Gentiana ornata var. acutifolia Franch., (1896)
= Gentiana ornata var. obtusifolia Franch., (1896)
species :
Gentiana venusta Wall.; Cat. n. 4389 (1831) nom. nud., et ex Griseb., Gen. Sp. Gent. 276 (1838)
Distribution: S-Tibet; Nepal; Bhutan; NE-Pakistan (Gilgit); NW-India (Kumaon, Chumbi, Kashmir)
36 TIB 40 BHU IND NEP PAK
Remarks: Sect. Isomeria
Synonyms: hidden
= Ericala venusta Wall. ex G.Don, Gen. Hist. 4: 189 (1837)
= Gentianodes venusta (Wall.) Á.Löve & D.Löve, Bot. Notiser, 125(3): 258 (1972), basionym not validly publ.
species :
Gentiana verna L.; Sp. Pl. 228 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. verna
Name: Frühlings-Enzian
Distribution: Albania; Austria; England; Bulgaria; Czech Republic; Slovakia; France; Germany; Ireland; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Spain; Andorra; Italy; Slovenia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Croatia; Poland; Romania; N-European Russia; Belarus; NW-Ukraine
10 GRB IRE 11 AUT CZE GER LIE POL SLO SWI 12 ADO FRA SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO ITA ROM SLV 14 BLR RUS UKR
Remarks: Sect. Calathianae
Synonyms: hidden
= Calathiana verna (L.) Holub, Folia Geobot. Phytotax., 8(2): 170 (1973)
= Ericala verna (L.) Gray, Nat. Arr. Br. Pl. 2: 335
= Ericoila jirasekii Borkh., Roem. Arch. 1: I. 27 (1796)
= Ericoila verna (L.) Borkh., Roem. Arch. 1: I. 27 (1796)
= Gentiana acaulis Patrin, Pall. N. Nord. Beitr. 6: 183 non L.
= Gentiana acutiflora Schult., Syst. 6: 156 (1820)
= Gentiana arctica Grossh., Dokl. Akad. Nauk Azerbaidzhansk. S. S. R. 3: 32 (1947)
= Gentiana bavarica Pall., Fl. Ross. 2: 110 (1815)
= Gentiana elongata Haenke, Jacq. Coll. 2: 88 (1789)
= Gentiana jirasekii F.W.Schmidt, Mayer, Samml. Phys. Aufs, 1: 195 (1791)
= Gentiana prostrata Schleich. ex Cham. & Schltdl., Linnaea, 1: 184 (1826)
= Gentiana pumila Suter, Fl. Helv. 1: 142 non Gouan
= Gentiana serrata Lam., Fl. Fr. 2: 294 (1778)
= Gentiana utriculosa Wahlenb., Veg. Helv. 48 non L.
= Gentiana verna ssp. arctica (Grossh.) V.G.Sergienko, Fl. poluostrova Kanin: 85 (1986)
= Gentiana verna ssp. willkommiana (P.Monts. & Villar) Rivas Mart., Báscones, T.E.Díaz, Fern.Gonz. & Loidi, Itinera Geobot., 5: 70 (1991)
= Gentiana verna var. arctica (Grossh.) Tolm.
= Gentiana verna var. cantabrica Romo, Lagascalia, 15(Extra): 287 (1988)
= Gentiana verna var. willkommiana P.Monts. & L.Villar, Doc. Phytosoc., 914: 214 (1975)
= Gentianusa verna (L.) Pohl, Tentamen Fl. Bohemiae, 1: 253 (1810)
= Hippion elongatum (Haenke) F.W.Schmidt, Roem. Arch. 1: I. 11, 19 (1796)
= Hippion vernum (L.) F.W.Schmidt, Fl. Boem. 2: 19 (1796)
= Lexipyretum vernum (L.) Dulac, Fl. Hautes-Pyr. 451 (1867)
= Ricoila verna (L.) Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 23 (1837)
subspecies :
subsp. balcanica N.M.Pritch.; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh, 35(3): 312 (1977)
Distribution: Serbia & Kosovo; Montenegro; Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; Greece; Romania; Turkey
13 ALB BUL GRC MNT NMA ROM SRB 34 TUR
subspecies :
subsp. oschtenica (Kuzn.) Halda; Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Nat., 3(1): 33 (1995)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]
33 GEO NCS
Synonyms: hidden
= Calathiana oschtenica (Kuzn.) Holub, Folia Geobot. Phytotax., 12(4): 429 (1977)
= Gentiana oschtenica Kuzn., Fl. Caucasus Crit. 4: 351 (1903), ex Woronow
= Gentiana verna var. oschtenica Kuzn., (1894)
subspecies :
subsp. pontica (Soltok.) Hayek; Prodr. Fl. Penins. Balcan. 2: 419 (1930)
Distribution: Serbia & Kosovo; Bulgaria; Poland; Romania; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SE-Anatolia); Iran (EC-Iran, N-Iran); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia, Altai, Dahuria); Kyrgyzstan; China (Xinjiang); Kazakhstan; NW-Mongolia; Northern Caucasus; Azerbaijan; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia
11 POL 13 BUL ROM SRB 30 SIB 32 KAZ KGZ 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN IRQ TUR 36 CHI 37 MON
Synonyms: hidden
= Calathiana angulosa (M.Bieb.) Holub, Folia Geobot. Phytotax., 8(2): 169 (1973)
= Calathiana pontica (Soltok.) Holub, Folia Geobot. Phytotax., 8(2): 169 (1973)
= Calathiana uniflora (Georgi) Holub, Folia Geobot. Phytotax., 9(3): 272 (1974)
= Calathiana verna ssp. aestiva (Roem. & Schult.) Dostál, Folia Mus. Rer. Nat. Bohem. Occid., Bot., 21: 10 (1984)
= Calathiana verna ssp. pontica (Soltok.) Á.Löve & D.Löve, Taxon, 35(4): 898 (1986)
= Ericala aestiva (F.W.Schmidt) G.Don, Gen. Hist. 4: 190 (1837)
= Ericala angulosa G.Don, Gen. Hist. 4: 191 (1837)
= Ericoila aestiva (F.W.Schmidt) Bercht. & J.Presl, Rostl. 1: Gentian. 15 (1823)
= Ericoila angulosa Bercht. & J.Presl, Rostl. 1: Gentian. 15 (1823)
= Gentiana aestiva (F.W.Schmidt) Roem. & Schult., Syst. 6: 156 (1820)
= Gentiana angulosa M.Bieb., Fl. Taur. Caucasus 1: 197 (1808)
= Gentiana angulosa var. pontica (Soltok.) Gagnidze, Fl. Gruzii, Zam. Sist Geogr. Rast., 10: 138 (1985), et Zam. Sist. Geogr. Rast., 41: 52 (1986)
= Gentiana discolor Hoffmanns. ex Rchb., Fl. Germ. Excurs. 865 (1832)
= Gentiana krylovii Grossh., Dokl. Akad. Nauk Azerbaidzhansk. S. S. R. 3: 32 (1947)
= Gentiana pontica Soltok., Österr. Bot. Zeitschr., 169 (1901)
= Gentiana sexfida (F.W.Schmidt) Schult., Syst. Veg., ed. 15 bis [Roem. & Schult.] 6: 156 (1820), in obs.
= Gentiana uniflora Georgi, Reise, 1: 203 (1775)
= Gentiana verna ssp. angulosa (M.Bieb.) V.E.Avet., Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast., 14: 223 (1977)
= Gentiana verna var. aestiva (F.W.Schmidt) Jovan.-Dunj., Fl. SR Srbije, 5: 423 (1973)
= Hippion aestivum F.W.Schmidt, Fl. Boem. 2: 20 (1796)
= Hippion sexfidum F.W.Schmidt, Fl. Boem. 1: 11 (1793)
subspecies :
subsp. tergestina (Beck) Hayek; Prodr. Fl. Penins. Balcan. 2: 420 (1930)
Distribution: SW-Bulgaria; Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Serbia & Kosovo; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Albania; Montenegro
13 ALB BIH BUL CRO ITA MNT SLV SRB
Synonyms: hidden
= Calathiana tergestina (Beck) Holub, Folia Geobot. Phytotax., 8(2): 170 (1973)
= Calathiana verna ssp. tergestina (Beck) Á.Löve & D.Löve, Taxon, 35(4): 898 (1986)
= Gentiana verna var. davidovii Kozuharov & Petrova, Fl. Nar. Republ. Bulgariya, 8: 484, 406 (1982)
= Gentiana chalybaea Beck, Annal. Naturhist. Hofmus. Wien, 2: 130 t. 5 fig. 1 (1887)
= Gentiana tergestina Beck, Annal. Naturh. Hofmus. Wien, 2: 130 (1887), et Fl. Nied.-Österr. 2: II 239 (1893)
= Gentiana tergestina var. chalybaea (Beck) Jovan.-Dunj., Fl. SR Srbije, 5: 424 (1973)
species :
Gentiana vernayi Marquand; Hook. Ic. Pl. 34: t. 3330 (1937)
subspecies :
subsp. vernayi
Distribution: S- & SE-Tibet; China (NW-Yunnan); Bhutan; Nepal; NW-India (Kumaon)
36 CHI TIB 40 BHU IND NEP
Remarks: Sect. Microsperma
subspecies :
subsp. favrei S.K.Dey & D.Maity; Nordic J. Bot. 36(1-2)-e01417: 5 (2017)
Distribution: India (Sikkim)
40 IND
species :
Gentiana viatrix H.Sm.; Kew Bull., 127 (1937)
Distribution: China (N-Sichuan, W-Sichuan)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Kudoa
species :
Gentiana villosa L.; Sp. Pl. 228 (1753)
Name: Striped gentian
Distribution: USA (Alabama, District of Columbia, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, New Jersey, Ohio, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia)
75 USA 78 USA
Remarks: Sect. Pneumonanthe
Synonyms: hidden
= Ciminalis ochroleuca (Froel.) Bercht. & J.Presl, Rostl. 1: Gentian. 11 (1923)
= Cuttera ochroleuca (Froel.) Raf., Med. Repos. N. York, 5: 352 (1808)
= Dasystephana deloachii W.P.Lemmon, Bartonia 19: 18 (1938)
= Dasystephana villosa (L.) Small, Fl. S. E. U. S. 931 (1903)
= Gentiana clavata Steud., Nom. ed II. 1: 673 (1840)
= Gentiana deloachii (W.P.Lemmon) Shinners, Sida, 1: 107 (1962)
= Gentiana heterophylla Raf., Med. Fl. 211 (1828)
= Gentiana incarnata Sims, Bot. Mag. t. 1856 (1816)
= Gentiana intermedia Sims, Bot. Mag. t. 2303 (1822)
= Gentiana ochroleuca Froel., Gent. Diss. 35 (1796)
= Gentiana serpentaria Raf., Ann. Nat. 13 (1820)
= Pneumonanthe incarnata (Sims) G.Don, Gen. Hist. 4: 195 (1837)
= Pneumonanthe intermedia (Sims) G.Don, Gen. Hist. 4: 195 (1837)
= Pneumonanthe ochroleuca (Froel.) G.Don, Gen. Hist. 4: 195 (1837)
= Pneumonanthe villosa (L.) F.W.Schmidt, Roem. Arch. 1: I. 10 (1796)
= Xolemia heterophylla (Raf.) Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 22 (1837)
= Xolemia serpentaria (Raf.) Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 22 (1837)
species :
Gentiana waltonii Burkill; Journ. As. Soc. Beng. n. s. 2: 310 (1906)
Distribution: S- & SE-Tibet; ?China (?W-Qinghai)
36 TIB
Remarks: Sect. Cruciata
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana lhasaensis P.K.Hsiao & K.C.Hsia, Acta Sci. Nat. Univ. Nei Mongol, 1964(1): 39 (1964)
= Gentiana waltonii var. lhasaensis (P.K.Hsiao & K.C.Hsia) T.N.Ho, Fl. Xizangica, 3: 917 (1986)
= Gentiana waltonii f. lhasaensis (P.K.Hsiao & K.C.Hsia) T.N.Ho, Fl. Reipubl. Popul. Sin., 62: 61 (1988)
species :
Gentiana walujewii Regel & Schmalh.; Act. Hort. Petrop. 6: 334 (1879)
Distribution: SE-Kazakhstan; China (N-Xinjiang)
32 KAZ 36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Cruciata
Synonyms: hidden
= Tretorhiza walujewii (Regel & Schmalh.) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(3-4): 201 1979 (1980)
= Gentiana kesselringii Regel, Act. Hort. Petrop. 7: 548 (1880)
= Gentiana walujewii var. kesselringii (Regel) Kuzn., (1898)
species :
Gentiana wangchukii E.Aitken & D.G.Long; Edinburgh J. Bot., 53(1): 82 (1996)
Distribution: Bhutan
40 BHU
Remarks: Sect. Fimbricorona
species :
Gentiana wardii W.W.Sm.; Notes Bot. Gard. Edin. 8: 122 (1913)
Distribution: SE-Tibet; China (NW-Yunnan, W-Sichuan); NE-Myanmar
36 CHI TIB 41 MYA
Remarks: Sect. Isomeria
variant :
var. emergens (C.Marquand) T.N.Ho; Novon, 4(4): 372 (1994)
Distribution: China (SW-Sichuan, NW-Yunnan); SE-Tibet
36 CHI TIB
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana emergens C.Marquand, Kew Bull., 82 (1931)
= Gentiana wardii ssp. emergens (C.Marquand) Halda, Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Nat., 3(1): 25 (1995)
variant :
var. micrantha C.Marquand; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1937: 187 (1937)
Distribution: NE-Myanmar
41 MYA
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana wardii ssp. micrantha (C.Marquand) Halda, Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Nat., 3(1): 25 (1995)
species :
Gentiana wasenensis Marquand; Kew Bull., 80 (1931)
Distribution: China (N-Sichuan)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Frigidae
species :
Gentiana wilsonii Marquand; Kew Bull., 59 (1928)
Distribution: China (SW-Sichuan, NW-Yunnan)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Frigidae
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana liangshanensis Z.Y.Zhu, Bull. Bot. Res. North-East. Forest. Inst., 11(4): 61 (1991)
species :
Gentiana winchuanensis T.N.Ho; Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 59 (1993)
Distribution: China (N-Sichuan)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
species :
Gentiana wingecarribiensis L.G.Adams; Telopea, 3(2): 172 (1988)
Distribution: Australia (New South Wales: Central Tablelands)
50 AUS
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
variant :
var. wissmannii (J.B.Williams) Halda; Genus Gentiana: 167 (1996 publ. 1997)
Distribution: Australia (New South Wales: Ebor area)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana wissmannii J.B.Williams, Telopea, 3(2): 175 (1988)
species :
Gentiana woodii J.S.Pringle; Novon 24(4): 389 (2016)
Distribution: Bolivia
83 BOL
species :
Gentiana xanthonannos H.Sm.; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 26: 253 (1965)
Distribution: China (NW-Yunnan)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
species :
Gentiana xingrenensis T.N.Ho; Novon, 4(4): 370 (1994)
Distribution: China (Guizhou)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana pedata ssp. xingrenensis (T.N.Ho) Halda, Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Nat., 3(1): 36 (1995)
species :
Gentiana yakumontana Masam.; Prelim. Rep. Veg. Yakus. 112 (1929), Masam. in Mem. Fac. Sc. & Agric. Taihoku Imp. Univ. xi., Bot. No. 4, 374 (1934)
Distribution: Japan (Yakushima Isl.)
38 JAP NNS
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana forrestii ssp. yakumontana (Masam.) Halda, Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Nat., 3(1): 40 (1995)
= Gentiana yakumontana f. viridis (Sugim.) Yonek., J. Jap. Bot. 80(6): 328 (2005)
= Gentiana zollingeri f. viridis Sugim.
species :
Gentiana yakushimensis Makino; Bot. Mag., Tokyo, 23: 252 (1909)
Distribution: Japan (Yakushima Isl.)
38 JAP NNS
Remarks: Sect. Kudoa
Synonyms: hidden
= Kudoa yakushimensis (Makino) Masam., Journ. Soc. Trop. Agric., Taiwan, 2: 29 (1930)
species :
Gentiana yiliangensis T.N.Ho; Acta Biol. Plat. Sin., 1984(3): 22 (1984)
Distribution: China (NE-Yunnan)
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana vandellioides ssp. yiliangensis (T.N.Ho) Halda, Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Nat., 3(1): 43 (1995)
species :
Gentiana yokusai Burkill; Journ. As. Soc. Beng. n. s. 2: 316 (1906)
Distribution: China (Yunnan, Sichuan, Guizhou, Hubei, Hunan, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Hebei, Nei Mongol, Liaoning, Shandong, Anhui, Jiangxi, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Fujian); Taiwan; Japan
36 CHI 38 JAP TAI
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana agrorum Harry Sm., Hand.-Mazz. Symb. Sin. Pt. 7: 964 (1936)
= Gentiana tenuissima Hayata, Journ. Coll. Sci. Tokyo, 25: Art. 19, 167 (1908)
= Gentiana yokusai var. japonica Burkill, (1906)
variant :
var. cordifolia T.N.Ho; Acta Biol. Plat. Sin., 1984(3): 42 (1984)
Distribution: China (Shaanxi, Hebei, Nei Mongol, Shanxi)
36 CHI
species :
Gentiana yunnanensis Franch.; Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 31: 376 (1884)
Distribution: China (Guizhou, SW-Sichuan, W-Sichuan, NE-Yunnan, NW-Yunnan); SE-Tibet
36 CHI TIB
Remarks: Sect. Microsperma
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentianodes yunnanensis (Franch.) Á.Löve & D.Löve, Bot. Notiser, 125(3): 258 (1972)
species :
Gentiana zekuensis T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu; Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 56 (1993)
Distribution: China (NE-Sichuan, SE-Qinghai); ?SE-Tibet
36 CHI
Remarks: Sect. Cruciata
species :
Gentiana zhenxiongensis L.H.Wu & Z.T.Wang; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 49(3): 197 (2012)
Distribution: China (Yunnan)
36 CHI
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Gentiana zollingeri Fawc.; Journ. Bot. 21: 183 (1883)
Distribution: Russian Far East (incl. Sakhalin, Kuril Isl.); Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu); North Korea; South Korea; China (Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Jilin, Liaoning, Qinghai, Xinjiang, Zhejiang)
31 RFE 36 CHI 38 JAP KOR NKO
Remarks: Sect. Chondrophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Ciminalis zollingeri (Fawc.) Zuev, Konspekt Fl. Aziatsk. Rossii 366 (2012)
= Gentiana aomorensis Lév., Bull. Soc. Bot. France, 53: 648 (1906)
= Gentiana japonica Maxim., Bull. Acad. Petersb. 20: 433 (1875)
= Gentiana taquetii Lév., Fedde, Repert. 12: 182 (1913)
= Gentiana thunbergii Siebold & Zucc., Fl. Jap. Fam. Nat. 2: 34
= Gentiana zollingeri f. yaichiana Toyok. & Y.Toyok., J. Asahikawa Univ., 4: 182 (1976)
= Varasia zollingeri (Fawc.) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(3-4): 202 1979 (1980)
= Gentiana zollingeri f. albiflora Tuyama, J. Jap. Bot. 16: 502 (1940)
species :
Gentiana ×billingtonii Farw. ex J.S.Pringle; Trans. Wisconsin Acad. Sci. 53: 274 (1964), pro spec.
Distribution: USA (Iowa, Illinois, Minnesota, Ohio, Wisconsin); Canada (Ontario)
72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA
Remarks: Gentiana andrewsii x Gentiana puberulenta
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana billingtonii Farw., Papers Mich. Acad. Sc., 1: 96 (1921) (1923)
species :
Gentiana ×curtisii J.S.Pringle; Trans. Wisconsin Acad. Sci. 53: 277 (1964)
Distribution: USA (Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Missouri, Wisconsin)
74 USA 75 USA
Remarks: Gentiana alba x Gentiana puberulenta
species :
Gentiana ×digenea Jakow.; Sitz. Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math. Nat. cviii. Abth. 1. 347 (1899)
Distribution: Austria (Tirol)
11 AUT
Synonyms: hidden
= Ciminalis ×digenea (Jakow.) Rauschert, Feddes Repert., 85(9-10): 645 (1974)
species :
Gentiana ×doerfleri Ronniger; Dörfl., Herb. Norm. No. 3706 (1898)
Distribution: European Russia; Austria
11 AUT 14 RUS
Remarks: Gentiana lutea L. x Gentiana punctata L.
species :
Gentiana ×gaudiniana Koch; Syn. Fl. Germ. ed. II. 560 (1844)
Distribution: Europe
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana ×gaudinii Hegetschw., Fl. Schw. 205
= Gentiana pannonica Schleich., Cat. (1821) ex Gaudich. Fl. Helv. 2: 275
= Gentiana spuria Lebert ex Griseb., Gen. et Sp. Gent. 301 (1838)
species :
Gentiana ×grandilacustris J.S.Pringle; Trans. Wisconsin Acad. Sci. 53: 279 (1964)
Distribution: USA (Minnesota, Wisconsin)
74 USA 75 USA
Remarks: Gentiana andrewsii x Gentiana rubricaulis
species :
Gentiana ×komnensis F.Mayer; Österr. Bot. Zeitschr. 108: 510 (1961)
Distribution: Slovenia
13 SLV
Remarks: Gentiana lutea ssp. symphyandra x G. pannonica
species :
Gentiana ×marceli-jouseaui Halda; Acta Macs. Richnov. Sect. Nat., 7(2): 72 (2000)
Distribution: Kyrgyzstan
32 KGZ
Remarks: Gentiana kaufmanniana x olgae
species :
Gentiana ×montis-benedicti Harz
Distribution: Slovenia
13 SLV
Remarks: Gentiana lutea ssp. lutea x G. pannonica
species :
Gentiana ×pallidocyanea J.S.Pringle; Trans. Wisconsin Acad. Sci. 53: 279 (1964)
Distribution: USA (Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Wisconsin); Canada (Ontario)
72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA
Remarks: Gentiana andrewsii x Gentiana alba
...

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