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V. 14.3
November 10th, 2022

450.0000 Family Gentianaceae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 141 (1789), nom. cons.
95 genera, ca. 1850 spp.
Species listed in database: 1892; hybrids: 22
= Chironiaceae Bercht. & J.Presl, Prir. Rostlin 1(104–114): 1, 36 (1823)
= Coutoubeaceae Martinov, Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 168 (1820)
= Obolariaceae Martinov, Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 427 (1820)
= Potaliaceae Mart., Nov. Gen. Sp. Pl. 2: 89, 91, 133 (1827)
= Saccifoliaceae Maguire & Pires, Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 29: 242 (1978)
= Voyriaceae Doweld
450.0534 Genus Gentianella Moench; Meth. 482 (1794)
Distribution: Temperate regions of both hemispheres, excl. Africa, many in the temperate and southern Andes
Species listed in database: 304; hybrids: 3
= Aloitis Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 21 (1837)
= Arctogenia Á.Löve, Phytologia, 50(3): 172 (1982) (nom. nov.)
= Pitygentias Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 54: Beibl. 118, 90 (1916)
= Aliopsis Omer & Qaiser, Willdenowia, 21(1-2): 190 (1991)
= Chionogentias L.G.Adams, Austr. Syst. Bot., 8(5): 949 (1995)
species :
Gentianella albanica (Jáv.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. (Praha) 2: 116 (1967)
Distribution: N-Albania; Montenegro (Mt Prokletije)
13 ALB MNT
Remarks: austriaca agg. Status uncertain
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana anisodonta ssp. albanica Jáv., Bot. Közl., 19: 27 (1921)
= Gentiana albanica (Jáv.) A.W.Hill, Index Kew Suppl. 7: 102 (1929)
= Gentianella bulgarica var. albanica (Jáv.) Jovan.-Dunj., Fl. SR Srbije, 5: 433 (1973)
species :
Gentianella albidocaerulea (Gilg) T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu; Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 61 (1993)
Distribution: Bolivia (Cochabamba, Santa Cruz)
83 BOL
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana albidocoerulea Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 22: 323 (1896)
= Gentiana bangii Rusby, Mem. Torr. Bot. Club, 6: 79 (1896)
species :
Gentianella alborosea (Gilg) Fabris; Bol. Soc. Argentina. Bot. 6: 48 (1955)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana alborosea Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 54: Beibl. 118. 55 (1916)
species :
Gentianella alborubra Fabris; Bol. Soc. Argentina. Bot. 6: 49 (1955)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Gentianella amabilis (Petrie) Glenny; New Zealand J. Bot. 42(3): 458 (2004)
Distribution: New Zealand
51 NZL
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana amabilis Petrie, Trans. & Proc. N. Z. Inst. 56: 14 (1926)
species :
Gentianella amarella (L.) Börner; Fl. Deutsche Volk 542 (1912)
subspecies :
subsp. amarella
Name: Bitterer Kranzenzian (DE)
Distribution: C-Spain; Austria; Belgium; England; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Denmark; Finland; France; Germany (Brandenburg, +Hessen, +Hamburg, Sachsen, +Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Ireland; Switzerland; Hungary; Italy; Norway; Poland; Romania; N-European Russia; W-European Russia; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; Belarus; Ukraine; Crimea; Sweden; Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus; Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Kazakhstan
10 DEN FIN GRB IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN POL SLO SWI 12 FRA SPA 13 ITA ROM 14 BLR KRY RUS UKR 30 SIB 32 KAZ 33 NCS
Remarks: amarella agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Amarella gracilis (Nees) Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 21 (1837)
= Amarella quinquefida Gilib., Fl. Lituan. 1: 36 (1782), opus utique oppr.
= Amarella tenuis Greene, Leaflets Bot. Obs. 1: 53 (1904)
= Ericala flava (J.Mayer ex Schult.) G.Don, Gen. Hist. 4: 189 (1837)
= Eyrythalia amarella (L.) Borkh., Roem. Arch. 1: I. 28 (1796)
= Eyrythalia lancifolia (Raf.) Bercht. & J.Presl, Rostl. 1: Gent. 18 (1823)
= Eyrythalia pratensis (Froel.) Bercht. & J.Presl, Rostl. 1: Gent. 18 (1823)
= Eyrythalia pulchella Gray, Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 336 (1821)
= Gentiana aggregata Bunge ex Griseb., DC. Prod. 9: 100 (1845)
= Gentiana albiflora Schur, 88 (1852), nom. inval.
= Gentiana amarella f. pyramidalis (Willd.) Hegi, 2045 (1927)
= Gentiana amarella L., Sp. Pl. 230 (1753)
= Gentiana amarella ssp. axillaris (F.W.Schmidt) Murb., 20 (1892)
= Gentiana amarella var. albiflora Schur, 88 (1852), nom. inval.
= Gentiana amarella var. axillaris (F.W.Schmidt) Fiek, 301 (1881)
= Gentiana amarella var. calycina Druce, Rep. Bot. Soc. Exch. Club Brit. Isles 3: 329 (1914)
= Gentiana amarella var. pyramidalis (Willd.) Fiek, 301 (1881)
= Gentiana amarella var. subarctica Murb., 19 (1892)
= Gentiana axillaris (F.W.Schmidt) Rchb., Pl. Crit. 2: 18. t. 130 (1824) non Poir. ex Lam.
= Gentiana campestris Geners., Elench. 234 non L. 1753
= Gentiana flava J.Mayer ex Schult., Österr. Fl. ed. II. 1: 445 (1814)
= Gentiana flavescens Schur, Enum. Pl. Transs. 461 (1866)
= Gentiana gracilis Nees, Nov. Aot. Nat. Cur. 9: 176 (1818)
= Gentiana lancifolia Raf., Danm. og Holst. Fl. 2: 217 (1800)
= Gentiana obtusifolia Fr., Nov. Fl. Suec. 76 (1814)
= Gentiana praecox Druce, Rep. Bot. Exch. Cl. Brit. Isles, 8: 124 (1926) (1927)
= Gentiana pratensis Froel., Gent. Diss. 88 (1796)
= Gentiana pulchella Salisb., Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 137 (1796)
= Gentiana pyramidalis Willd. ex Griseb., Gen. et Sp. Gent. 239 (1838)
= Gentiana sylvestris Bray ex Griseb., Gen. et Sp. Gent. 241 (1838)
= Gentiana takedae f. leucantha Hayashi
= Gentiana tenuiflora Jan ex Nyman, Consp. 500 (1881)
= Gentiana tenuis Griseb., Gen. et Sp. Gent. 250 (1838)
= Gentiana tetragona J.Mayer, Samml. Phys. Aufs. 1: 194 (1791)
= Gentianella amarella (L.) Harry Sm., Hylander, Nomencl. u. Syst. Stud. Nord. Gefasspfl. (Uppsala Univ. Arsskr.,No. 7) 259 (1945) comb. superfl.
= Gentianella amarella f. albiflora (Miyabe & Tatew.) Toyok., Fl. Japan, 3a: 147 (1993)
= Gentianella amarella f. leucantha (Hayashi) Toyok., Fl. Japan, 3a: 147 (1993)
= Gentianella amarella ssp. axillaris (F.W.Schmidt) Murb.
= Gentianella amarella ssp. druceana N.M.Pritch., Watsonia 4: 236 (1960)
= Gentianella amarella ssp. livonica (Eschsch. ex Griseb.) Dostál, 10 (1984)
= Gentianella amarella var. alpestris (F.Brehm ex T.A.Lange) Harry Sm., Hyl., 259 (1945)
= Gentianella amarella var. calycina (Druce) P.D.Sell, Fl. Gr. Brit. Ireland (2009)
= Gentianella amarella var. cornubiensis (N.M.Pritch.) P.D.Sell, Fl. Gr. Brit. Ireland (2009)
= Gentianella amarella var. druceana (N.M.Pritch.) P.D.Sell, Fl. Gr. Brit. Ireland (2009)
= Gentianella amarella var. praecox (F.Towns.) P.D.Sell, Fl. Gr. Brit. Ireland (2009)
= Gentianella axillaris (F.W.Schmidt) Á.Löve & D.Löve, Bot. Notiser, cxiv. 42 (1961)
= Gentianella axillaris (F.W.Schmidt) Jovan.-Dunj., Fl. SR Srbije. 5: 430 (1973) comb. superfl.
= Gentianella hispanica López Udias, Fabregat & Renob., Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 59(2): 218 (2001 publ. 2002)
= Gentianella yuparensis f. albiflora Miyabe & Tatew.
= Gentianusa amarella (L.) Pohl, Tentamen Fl. Bohemiae, 1: 255 (1810)
= Gentianusa lanceifolia (Raf.) Pohl, Tentamen Fl. Bohemiae, 1: 256 (1810)
= Gonipia tenuiflora Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 24 (1837)
= Hippion amarella (L.) F.W.Schmidt, 28 (1793)
= Hippion axillare F.W.Schmidt, Fl. Boem. 2: 29 (1796)
= Hippion gentianella F.W.Schmidt, Fl. Boem. 2: 29 (1796)
= Hippion lancifolium (Raf.) Pers., Syn. 1: 286 (1805)
= Leimanisa pratensis (Froel.) Raf., New Fl. Am. 4: 93 (1836)
= Opsantha amarella (L.) Delarbre, Fl. Auv. ed. II. 30 (1800)
variant :
var. lingulata (C.Agardh) Karlsson; Svensk Bot. Tidskr., 91(5): 249 (1997 publ. 1998)
Distribution: Europe; Czech Republic; Slovakia; European Russia; Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus; Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Kazakhstan
11 CZE SLO 14 RUS 30 SIB 32 KAZ 33 NCS
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana amarella ssp. lingulata (C.Agardh) F.Aresch., 35 (1866)
= Gentiana amarella var. lingulata (C.Agardh) Hegi, 2045 (1927)
= Gentiana amarella var. lingulata (C.Agardh) Zuev, Fl. Sibiri 14: 80 (2003), nom. inval.
= Gentiana lingulata C.Agardh, Phys. Sallsk. Arsb. 27 (1824)
= Gentiana lingulata var. praecox Murb.
= Gentianella amarella ssp. lingulata (C.Agardh) Á.Löve & D.Löve, 110 (1948)
= Gentianella amarella ssp. lingulata (C.Agardh) Holub
= Gentianella axillaris var. lingulata (C.Agardh) Topa
= Gentianella lingulata (C.Agardh) N.M.Pritch., Watsonia, 4: 178 (1959)
subspecies :
subsp. acuta (Michx.) Gillett; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 44: 352 (1957)
Name: Autumn dwarf gentian
Distribution: Alaska; USA (Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Maine, Minnesota, Montana, North Dakota, New Mexico, Nevada, Oregon, South Dakota, Utah, Vermont, Washington State, Wyoming); Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Labrador, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Northern Territories, Ontario, Québec, Saskatchewan, Yukon); Greenland; St. Pierre et Miquelon; Mexico (Aguascalientes, Nuevo Leon, Sinaloa, Coahuila); Siberia (C-Siberia); Russian Far East; Mongolia; China (Hebei, Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi)
30 SIB 31 RFE 36 CHI 37 MON 70 ASK GNL 72 SPM 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Amarella acuta (Michx.) Lunell, Am. Midl. Nat., 4: 508 (1916), comb. superfl.
= Amarella acuta (Michx.) Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 21 (1837)
= Amarella plebeja (Ledeb. ex Spreng.) Greene, Leaflets Bot. Obs. 1: 53 (1904)
= Amarella plebeja var. holmii (Wettst.) Rydb., Bull. Torr. Bot. Club 33: 148 (1906)
= Amarella strictiflora (Rydb.) Greene, Leaflets Bot. Obs. 1: 53 (1904)
= Comastoma acutum (Michx.) Y.Z.Zhao & Xin Zhang, Forest. Stud. China 9(2): 149 (2007)
= Ericala acuta (Michx.) G.Don, Gen. Hist. 4: 190 (1837)
= Gentiana acuta f. albescens Lepage, Naturaliste Canad. 77: 228 (1950)
= Gentiana acuta Michx., Fl. Bor. Amer. 1: 177 (1803)
= Gentiana acuta var. plebeja (Cham. & Schltdl.) Vorosch., Byull. Glavn. Bot. Sada 84: 34 (1972), comb. superfl.
= Gentiana acuta var. plebeja (Cham.) Hultén, Fl. Aleutian Isl. 276 (1937)
= Gentiana acuta var. strictiflora Rydb., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 1: 309 (1900)
= Gentiana amarella f. michauxiana Fernald, Rhodora 19: 151 (1917)
= Gentiana amarella ssp. acuta (Michx.) A.E.Murray, Kalmia, 12: 20 (1982)
= Gentiana amarella var. acuta (Michx.) Herder, Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 1: 428 (1872)
= Gentiana amarella var. fastigiata Y.Ling
= Gentiana amarella var. plebeja (Cham. & Schltdl.) Hultén, Ark. Bot. n. s. 7(1): 107 (1968)
= Gentiana amarella var. stricta (Griseb.) S.Watson, Botany [Fortieth Parallel] 277 (1871)
= Gentiana plebeja Cham., Linnaea, 1: 181 (1826)
= Gentiana plebeja var. holmii Wettst.
= Gentiana strictiflora (Rydb.) A.Nelson, Coult. Bot. Gaz. 34: 26 (1902)
= Gentianella acuta (Michx.) Hiitonen, Mem. Soc. Faun. Fl. Fenn., No. 25, 76 (1950)
= Gentianella acuta ssp. plebeja (Cham. ex Bunge) Holub
= Gentianella amarella f. albescens (Lepage) Cody, Canad. Field-Nat., 108(1): 94 (1994)
= Gentianella amarella f. michauxiana (Fernald) Scoggan, Fl. Canada, 1: 52 (1978)
= Gentianella amarella ssp. acuta (Michx.) Hultén, Ark. Bot. (n. s.) 7(1): 107 (1968)
= Gentianella plebeja (Cham. ex Bunge) Czerep., Sosud. Rast. SSSR: 255 (1981)
= Gentianella strictiflora (Rydb.) W.A.Weber, Phytologia, 70(4): 232 (1991)
subspecies :
subsp. hartwegii (Benth.) J.M.Gillett; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 44: 260 (1957)
Distribution: Mexico (Michoacan, México State, México Distrito Federal)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentianella hartwegii (Benth.) Holub, Folia Geobot. & Phytot, xli, Praha, 2: 117 (1967)
= Gentiana hartwegii Benth., Pl. Hartw. 47 (1840)
= Amarella hartwegii (Benth.) Arthur, Torreya, 12: 33 (1912)
= Gentiana citrina Pollard, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 13: 130 (1900)
subspecies :
subsp. heterosepala (Engelm.) J.M.Gillett; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 44: 251 (1957)
Distribution: USA (Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, Utah, Wyoming); Mexico (Durango)
73 USA 76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Amarella heterosepala (Engelm.) Greene, Leaflets Bot. Obs. 1: 53 (1904)
= Amarella scopulorum Greene, Leaflets Bot. Obs. 1: 55 (1904)
= Gentiana heterosepala Engelm., Trans. Acad. Sc. St. Louis, 2: 215 t. 8 (1863)
= Gentiana scopulorum (Greene) Tidestr., Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 25: 416 (1925)
= Gentianella amarella var. heterosepala (Engelm.) Dorn, Vasc. Pl. Wyoming: 297 (1988)
= Gentianella heterosepala (Engelm.) Holub, Folia Geobot. & Phytot, xli, Praha, 2: 117 (1967)
= Gentianella heterosepala ssp. durangensis Villarreal, Sida, 17(1): 111 (1996)
subspecies :
subsp. livonica (Eschsch. ex Griseb.) Dostál; Folia Mus. Rer. Nat. Bohem. Occid., Bot., 21: 10 (1984)
Distribution: Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Slovakia
11 SLO 14 EST LAT LIT
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana livonica Eschsch. ex Griseb., Gen. et Sp. Gent. 241 (1838)
= Gentiana reussii Tocl, Sitz. Böhm. Ges. Wiss. 27: 13
= Gentianella amarella ssp. reussii (Tocl) Holub, Preslia, 55(4): 371 (1983)
= Gentianella axillaris var. livonica (Eschsch.) Topa
= Gentianella livonica (Eschsch. ex Griseb.) Soó, Bot. Kozl. 49: 156 (1961)
= Gentianella livonica ssp. reussii (Tocl) Soó, Feddes Repert., 83(3): 169 (1972)
subspecies :
subsp. mexicana (Griseb.) Gillett; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 44: 258 (1957)
Distribution: Mexico (Queretaro, Hidalgo, Michoacan, México State, México Distrito Federal, Puebla, Veracruz, Oaxaca)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentianella mexicana (Griseb.) Holub, Folia Geobot. & Phytotax., Praha, 2: 117 (1967)
= Gentiana mexicana Griseb., Gen. et Sp. Gent. 243 (1838)
= Amarella mexicana (Griseb.) Arthur, Torreya, 12: 34 (1912)
= Gentianella glossocarpa G.L.Nesom, Phytologia, 70(1): 11 (1991)
subspecies :
subsp. occidentalis T.C.G.Rich & McVeigh; Edinburgh J. Bot. 76(2): 175 (2018)
Distribution: Great Britain
10 GRB
subspecies :
subsp. sandiana J.M.Gillett; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 44: 259 (1957)
Distribution: Mexico (Durango, etc.)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentianella sandiana (Gillett) G.L.Nesom, Phytologia, 70(1): 15 (1991)
= Gentianella calycidon G.L.Nesom, Phytologia, 70(1): 9 (1991)
subspecies :
subsp. septentrionalis (Druce) N.M.Pritch.; Watsonia 4: 235 (1960)
Distribution: Iceland; N-Scotland
10 GRB ICE
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentianella septentrionalis (Druce) E.F.Warb., Clapham, Tutin & E. F. Warb. Fl. Brit. Isles, 825 (1952)
= Gentiana septentrionalis Druce, Rep. Bot. Exch. Cl. Brit. Isles, 7: 885 (1926), nomen
subspecies :
subsp. takedai (Kitag.) Toyok.; Papers pl. ecol. & taxon. mem. Dr. Satoshi Nakanishi: 581 (1987)
Distribution: Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu)
38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana takedai Kitag., Bot. Mag., Tokyo, 51: 156 (1937)
= Gentianella takedai (Kitag.) Satake, Bull. Nat. Sci. Mus., Tokyo, n. s., 4: (No. 43) 276 (1959)
subspecies :
subsp. yuparensis (Takeda) Toyok.; Papers pl. ecol. & taxon. mem. Dr. Satoshi Nakanishi: 579 (1987)
Distribution: Japan (Hokkaido)
38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana yezoalpina Koidz., Bot. Mag., Tokyo, 30: 79 (1916)
= Gentiana yuparensis var. yezoalpina (Koidz.) Kudô, (1922)
= Gentiana yuparensis Takeda, Notes Bot. Gard. Edin. 8: 234 (1915)
= Gentianella yuparensis (Takeda) Satake, Bull. Nat. Sci. Mus., Tokyo, n. s., 4: (No. 43) 275 (1959)
species :
Gentianella andreae-mathewsii (Briq.) Zarucchi; L. Brako & Zarucchi, Cat. Flow. Pl. Gymn. Peru (Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard., 45): 1255 (1993)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana andreae-mathewsii Briq., Candollea, 4: 326 (1931)
= Gentiana liniflora var. gracilis Griseb., Gen. Sp. Gent. 234 (1839)
= Gentiana mathewsii Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 54: Beibl. 64 (1916) nom. illeg.
= Gentianella andreae-mathewsii (Briq.) T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu, Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 61 (1993)
species :
Gentianella androsacea J.S.Pringle; Fl. Ecuador, 53(159A): 62 (1995)
Distribution: Ecuador
83 ECU
species :
Gentianella angustiflora Harry Sm.; J. Jap. Bot., 56(9): 275 (1981)
Distribution: Tibet (Nyalam Shan); N-India (Jammu & Kashmir); Nepal
36 TIB 40 IND NEP
species :
Gentianella angustifolia Glenny; New Zealand J. Bot. 42(3): 460 (2004)
Distribution: S-New Zealand
51 NZL
species :
Gentianella anisodonta (Borbás) Á.Löve & D.Löve; Bot. Not. 114: 42 (1961)
Distribution: Slovenia; Croatia; Austria; Switzerland; Italy; Albania
11 AUT SWI 13 ALB CRO ITA SLV
Remarks: anisodonta agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana ambigens Gaudich., Ebel, Man. Voy., et in Fl. Helv. 2: 290
= Gentiana anisodonta Borbás, Österr. Bot. Zeitschr. 45: 122 (1885) et in Termesz. Fuzet. (1893)
= Gentiana anisodonta ssp. antecedens (Pacher) Mansf.
= Gentiana anisodonta ssp. calycina (K.Koch) Mansf.
= Gentiana antecedens Wettst., Österr. Bot. Zeitschr. x111. 232 (1892)
= Gentiana aspera Hegetschw., Fl. Schw. 210 (1839)
= Gentiana montana Nees, Nov. Act. Nat. Cur. 9: 170 (1818)
= Gentiana pyramidalis Nees, Nov. Act. Nat. Cur. 9: 164 (1818)
= Gentiana spathulata Bartl. ex Rchb., Pl. Crit. 1: 78 (1823)
= Gentianella anisodonta var. antecedens (Wettst.) E.Mayer, Österr. Bot. Zeitschr. 116: 394 (1969)
= Gentianella anisodonta var. calycina (K.Koch) E.Mayer, Österr. Bot. Zeitschr. 116: 394 (1969)
= Gentianella calycina (K.Koch) Wettst., Österr. Bot. Zeitschr. 41: 567 (1891)
= Gentianella germanica ssp. calycina (K.Koch) Hayek
species :
Gentianella annaverae (Pînzaru) Pînzaru; Inform. Bot. Ital. 43(1): 144 (2011)
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana annaverae Pînzaru, Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 41: 308 (2010)
species :
Gentianella anomala (C.Marquand) T.N.Ho; Acta Biol. Plateau Sin., 1: 39 (1982)
Distribution: China (NW-Sichuan, S-Sichuan, NW-Yunnan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana anomala C.Marquand, Kew Bull., 49 (1928)
species :
Gentianella antarctica (Kirk) T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu; Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 61 (1993)
Distribution: Campbell Isl.
91 CMP
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana antarctica Kirk, Trans. N. Z. Inst. 27: 1894 339 (1895)
= Chionogentias antarctica (Kirk) L.G.Adams, Austr. Syst. Bot., 8(5): 975 (1995)
= Oreophylax antarcticus (Kirk) Á.Löve, Taxon, 32(3): 511 (1983)
= Gentiana concinna var. robusta Hook.fil., (1844)
= Gentiana concinna var. elongata Hook.fil., (1844)
= Gentiana antarctica var. imbricata Kirk
species :
Gentianella antipoda (Kirk) T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu; Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 61 (1993)
Distribution: Antipodes Isl.
51 ATP
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana antipoda Kirk, Trans. N. Z. Inst. 23: 1890 (1891) 440 nomen, et 27: 1894 340 (1865)
= Gentiana antipoda f. rubra Kirk
= Gentiana antipoda f. pallida Kirk
= Chionogentias antipoda (Kirk) L.G.Adams, Austr. Syst. Bot., 8(5): 976 (1995)
species :
Gentianella arenaria (Maxim.) T.N.Ho; Acta Biol. Plateau Sin., 1: 39 (1982)
Distribution: China (Gansu, Qinghai); N-Tibet
36 CHI TIB
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana arenaria Maxim., Diagn. Pl. Nov. Asiat. 8: 30 (1893)
species :
Gentianella arenarioides (Gilg) J.S.Pringle; Novon 22(2): 217 (2012)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana arenarioides Gilg, Fedde, Repert. Nov. Sp. 2: 39 (1906)
species :
Gentianella armerioides (Griseb. ex Gilg) J.S.Pringle; L. Brako & Zarucchi, Cat. Flow. Pl. Gymn. Peru (Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard., 45): 1255 (1993)
Distribution: Bolivia (La Paz); Peru
83 BOL PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana armerioides Griseb., Berberid. Amer. Austral. 58. (1857)
= Gentianella armerioides (Griseb.) T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu, Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 61 (1993)
species :
Gentianella astonii (Petrie) L.G.Adams; Austr. Syst. Bot., 8(5): 976 (1995)
subspecies :
subsp. astonii
Distribution: New Zealand (Kaikoura Coast)
51 NZL
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana astoni Petrie, Trans. N. Z. Inst., 48: 187 (1915) (1916)
= Chionogentias astonii (Petrie) L.G.Adams, Austr. Syst. Bot., 8(5): 976 (1995)
subspecies :
subsp. arduana Glenny & Molloy; New Zealand J. Bot. 42(3): 464 (2004)
Distribution: S-New Zealand
51 NZL
species :
Gentianella asyneumoides Riedl; Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, 65: 33 (1962)
Distribution: NE-Afghanistan
34 AFG
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana asyneumoides (Riedl) Kitam., Res. Kyoto Univ. Sci. Exped. Karak. & Hinduk., 8: (Addit. & Corr. Fl. Afghan.) 124 (1955) (1966)
species :
Gentianella atrata (Bunge) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax., 11(1): 83 (1976)
Distribution: Siberia (W-Siberia); Mongolia; Kazakhstan
30 SIB 32 KAZ 37 MON
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana atrata Bunge ex Griseb., DC. Prod. 9: 98 (1845)
species :
Gentianella atroviolacea (Gilg) Fabris ex T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu; Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 61 (1993)
Distribution: Colombia (Caldas, Santander)
82 CLM
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana atroviolacea Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 54: Beibl. 118, 53 (1916)
= Gentiana solidagoides Reimers, Engl. Jahrb. 62: 329 (1929)
species :
Gentianella aurea (L.) Harry Sm.; Hylander, Nomencl. u. Syst. Stud. Nord. Gefäßpfl. (Uppsala Univ. Arsskr. No. 7) 259 (1945)
Name: Golden dwarfgentian, Gold-Enzian
Distribution: ?Finland; Iceland; Norway; N-European Russia; Sweden; Greenland
10 ICE NOR SWE 14 RUS 70 GNL
Remarks: records for the Indian Himalaya are doubtful and belong probably to something else
Synonyms: hidden
= Aloitis aurea (L.) Á.Löve & D.Löve, Taxon, 34(1): 164 (1985)
= Arctogenia aurea (L.) Á.Löve, Phytologia, 50(3): 172 (1982)
= Ericoila aurea (L.) Bercht. & J.Presl, Rostl. 1: Gentian. 14 (1823)
= Ericoila umbellata Bercht. & J.Presl, Rostl. 1: Gentian. 14 (1823)
= Gentiana aurea L., Syst. Nat., ed. 10. 2: 951 (1759)
= Gentiana consobrina Schott & Kotschy ex Boiss., Fl. Orient. 4: 71 (1875)
= Gentiana involucrata Rottb., Kiob. Skr. Selsk. 10: 434 (1770)
= Gentiana marginata Turcz. ex Besser, Flora, 17: I. Beibl. 19 (1834)
= Gentiana pseudamarella Stev. ex Herder, Act. Hort. Petrop. 1: 437 (1872)
= Gentiana quinquefolia Oeder, Fl. Dan. t. 344 non Hill 1765
= Gentiana unalaschcensis Cham., Linnaea, 1: 175 (1826) ex Bunge, Nouv. Mem. Soc. Nat. Mosc. 1: 240 (1829)
= Gentianella consobrina (Boiss.) Holub, Folia Geobot. & Phytotax., Praha. 2: 117 (1967)
= Hippion aureum (L.) F.W.Schmidt, Roem. Arch. 1: I. 10, 17 (1796)
= Hippion involucratum (Rottb.) F.W.Schmidt, Roem. Arch. 1: I. 11 (1796)
species :
Gentianella auriculata (Pall.) J.M.Gillett; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 44: 261 (1957)
Name: Eared dwarf gentian
Distribution: Siberia (C-Siberia, N-Siberia); Japan (Hokkaido); Russian Far East (Kuril Isl., Sakhalin, Kamchatka); Aleutes; Alaska
30 SIB 31 RFE 38 JAP 70 ASK
Synonyms: hidden
= Amarella auriculata (Pall.) Greene, Leaflets Bot. Obs. 1: 53 (1904)
= Gentiana fauriei Lév. & Vaniot, Bull. Soc. Bot. France, 53: 648 (1906)
= Dasystephana auriculata (Pall.) Borkh., Roem. Archiv, 1: t. 26 (1796)
= Eyrythalia auriculata (Pall.) G.Don, Gen. Hist. 4: 187 (1837)
= Gentiana auriculata Pall., Fl. Ross. 1: II. 102. t. 92 (1789)
= Hippion auriculatum (Pall.) F.W.Schmidt, Roem. Arch. 1: I. 11 (1796)
species :
Gentianella austriaca (A.Kern. & Jos.Kern.) Holub; Preslia, 37: 102 (1965)
Name: Österreichischer Kranzenzian
Distribution: NE-Austria; Hungary
11 AUT HUN
Remarks: austriaca agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana austriaca A.Kern. & Jos.Kern., A. Kern., Sched. Fl. Exsicc. 2: 123 (1882)
= Gentiana austriaca f. castanetorum (Borbás) Hegi, 2042 (1927)
= Gentiana austriaca f. montana (Wiesb.) Hegi, 2042 (1927)
= Gentiana austriaca f. paludosa (Wiesb.) Hegi, 2042 (1927)
= Gentiana austriaca ssp. neilreichii (Dörfl. & Wettst.) Ronniger, 305 (1910)
= Gentiana austriaca var. neilreichii (Dörfl. & Wettst.) Hegi, 2042 (1927)
= Gentiana germanica var. neilreichii (Dörfl. & Wettst.) Hayek, Prodr. Fl. Penins. Baican. 2: 423 (1930)
= Gentiana neilreichii Dörfl. & Wettst., Dörfl., Herb. Norm. No. 3766 (1898)
= Gentianella austriaca ssp. neilreichii (Dörfl. & Wettst.) Wettst.
species :
Gentianella azurea (Bunge) Holub; Folia Geobot. & Phytotax., Praha, 2: 116 (1967)
Distribution: Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Tajikistan; Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Mongolia; China (Gansu, Qinghai, NW-Sichuan, Xinjiang, NW-Yunnan); Tibet; Bhutan; Pakistan (Gilgit, Hazara); NW-India (Jammu & Kashmir, Ladakh, Rupshu, Uttarakhand)
30 SIB 32 KAZ KGZ TZK 36 CHI TIB 37 MON 40 BHU IND PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Aloitis azurea (Bunge) Omer, Fl. Pakistan, 197: 109 (1995)
= Comastoma azureum (Bunge) Zuev, Bot. Zhurn., 75(9): 1304 (1990)
= Gentiana azurea Bunge, Nouv. Mern. Soc. Nat. Mosc. 1: 230 (1829)
= Gentiana duthiei Burkill, , J. Proc. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 2: 318 (1906)
= Gentianella duthiei (Burkill) Harry Sm.apud S.Nilsson, Grana Palyn. 7: 144 (1967)
species :
Gentianella bangii (Gilg) Fabris ex T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu; Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 61 (1993)
Distribution: Bolivia (Cochabamba)
83 BOL
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana bangii Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 22: 324 (1896)
species :
Gentianella barringtonensis (L.G.Adams) Glenny; New Zealand J. Bot. 42(3): 518 (2004)
Distribution: Australia (New South Wales: Barrington Tops area, Northern Tablelands)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Chionogentias barringtonensis L.G.Adams, Austr. Syst. Bot., 8(5): 974 (1995)
species :
Gentianella bawbawensis (L.G.Adams) Glenny; New Zealand J. Bot. 42(3): 518 (2004)
Distribution: Australia (Victoria: Mt Baw Baw)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Chionogentias bawbawensis L.G.Adams, Austr. Syst. Bot., 8(5): 961 (1995)
species :
Gentianella bellatula (Gilg) T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu; Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 61 (1993)
Distribution: Bolivia (La Paz)
83 BOL
Conservation Status: Known only from type
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana bellatula Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 50: Beibl. 111, 49 (1913)
species :
Gentianella bellidifolia (Hook.fil.) Holub; Folia Geobot. & Phytotax., Praha, 3: 218 (1968)
Distribution: New Zealand (Mt. Hikurangi to Fiordland)
51 NZL
Synonyms: hidden
= Chionogentias bellidifolia (Hook.fil.) L.G.Adams, Austr. Syst. Bot., 8(5): 976 (1995)
= Gentiana bellidifolia Hook.fil., Icon. Pl. 7: t. 635 (1844)
= Gentiana bellidifolia var. australis Petrie ex Cheeseman, (1925)
= Gentiana bellidifolia var. pulchella Kirk, (1895)
= Gentiana flaccida Petrie, Trans. N. Z. Inst., 43: 255 (1910) (1911)
= Oreophylax bellidifolius (Hook.fil.) Á.Löve, Taxon, 32(3): 511 (1983)
species :
Gentianella benedictae (Gilg) Fabris; Cabrera, Fl. Prov. Jujuy (Inst. Nac. Tecn. Agropec., 13), 8: 68 (1983)
Distribution: Bolivia (Cochabamba); Argentina (Salta)
83 BOL 85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana benedictae Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 54: Beibl. 118, 80 (1916)
species :
Gentianella bicolor (Wedd.) Fabris ex J.S.Pringle; Arnaldoa 14(1): 143 (2007)
Distribution: N-Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana bicolor Wedd., Chlor. And. 2: 310 (1859)
= Gentiana stuebelii Gilg, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 22(2): 317 (1896)
= Gentianella bicolor (Wedd.) J.S.Pringle, L. Brako & Zarucchi, Cat. Flow. Pl. Gymn. Peru (Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard., 45) (1993)
= Gentianella stuebelii (Gilg) T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu, Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 65 (1993)
species :
Gentianella biebersteinii (Bunge) Holub; Folia Geobot. & Phytotax., Praha, 2: 117 (1967)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]
33 GEO NCS
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana biebersteinii Bunge, Nouv. Mem. Soc. Nat. Mosc. 1: 247. t. 10, f. 1 (1829)
species :
Gentianella bockii (Gilg) T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu; Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 61 (1993)
Distribution: Bolivia (La Paz)
83 BOL
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana bockii Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 54: Beibl. 34 (1916)
species :
Gentianella boliviana (Pax) J.S.Pringle; Sida 20(4): 1486 (2003)
Distribution: Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz); Peru
83 BOL PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana boliviana Pax, Fedde, Repert. Nov. Sp. 7: 243 (1909)-
= Gentianella lobelioides (Gilg) Zarucchi, L. Brako & Zarucchi, Cat. Flow. Pl. Gymn. Peru (Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard., 45): 1255 (1993)
= Gentiana lobelioides Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 54: Beibl. 30 (1916)
= Gentianella peruviana var. boliviana (Pax) T.N.Ho, Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 64 (1993)
species :
Gentianella brandtiana (Gilg) Fabris; Bol. Soc. Argentina. Bot. 6: 49 (1955)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana brandtiana Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 50: Beibl. 111, 48 (1913)
species :
Gentianella brevisepala (L.G.Adams) Glenny; New Zealand J. Bot. 42(3): 518 (2004)
Distribution: Australia (Tasmania: Cradle Mtn, Mt King William and Port Davey areas)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Chionogentias brevisepala L.G.Adams, Austr. Syst. Bot., 8(5): 967 (1995)
species :
Gentianella bridgesii (Gilg) Fabris ex T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu; Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 61 (1993)
Distribution: Bolivia (Cochabamba)
83 BOL
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana bridgesii Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 22: 316 (1896)
species :
Gentianella briquetiana (Gilg) T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu; Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 61 (1993)
Distribution: Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz)
83 BOL
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana briquetiana Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 54: Beibl. 32 (1916)
species :
Gentianella bromifolia (Griseb.) T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu; Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 61 (1993)
Distribution: Argentina (Catamarca, Salta, Tucuman)
85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana bromifolia Griseb., Gött. Abh. 19: 208 (1874)
species :
Gentianella brunneotincta (Gilg) J.S.Pringle; L. Brako & Zarucchi, Cat. Flow. Pl. Gymn. Peru (Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard., 45): 1255 (1993)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana brunneotincta Gilg, Fedde, Repert. Nov. Sp. 2: 37 (1906)
= Gentianella brunneotincta (Gilg) T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu, Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 61 (1993)
species :
Gentianella bulgarica (Velen.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. (Praha) 2: 117 (1967)
Distribution: Albania; Bulgaria; Romania; Greece; Macedonia; Serbia; Kosovo (Mt. Prokletije); SW-Montenegro
13 ALB BUL GRC KOS MNT NMA ROM SRB
Remarks: germanica group
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana germanica ssp. bulgarica (Velen.) Hayek
= Gentiana bulgarica Velen., Sitz. Boehm. Ges. Wiss. (1886) 457, et Fl. Bulg. 382 (1891)
= Gentianella bulgarica f. albiflora Delip., Thaiszia, 2: 63 (1992 publ. 1993)
= Gentianella bulgarica ssp. jundolensis Kozuharov & Petrova, Fl. Nar. Republ. Bulgariya, 8: 484, 413 (1982)
species :
Gentianella bussmannii J.S.Pringle; Novon 25(4): 456 (2017)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Gentianella cabrerae (Fabris) Fabris; Cabrera, Fl. Prov. Jujuy (Inst. Nac. Tecn. Agropec., 13), 8: 76 (1983)
Distribution: Argentina (Jujuy, Salta)
85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana cabrerae Fabris, Not. Mus. La Plata, Bot., 15: 124 (1950)
species :
Gentianella calanchoides (Gilg) Fabris; Bol. Soc. Argentina. Bot. 7: 92 (1958)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana calanchoides Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 22: 330 (1896)
species :
Gentianella calcarea (Gilg) J.S.Pringle; L. Brako & Zarucchi, Cat. Flow. Pl. Gymn. Peru (Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard., 45): 1255 (1993)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana calcarea Gilg, Fedde, Repert. Nov. Sp. 2: 42 (1906)
= Gentianella calcarea (Gilg) T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu, Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 62 (1993)
species :
Gentianella calcis Glenny & Molloy; New Zealand J. Bot. 42(3): 470 (2004)
subspecies :
subsp. calcis
Distribution: S-New Zealand
51 NZL
subspecies :
subsp. manahune Glenny & Molloy; New Zealand J. Bot. 42(3): 472 (2004)
Distribution: S-New Zealand
51 NZL
subspecies :
subsp. taiko Glenny & Molloy; New Zealand J. Bot. 42(3): 472 (2004)
Distribution: S-New Zealand
51 NZL
subspecies :
subsp. waipara Glenny & Molloy; New Zealand J. Bot. 42(3): 474 (2004)
Distribution: S-New Zealand
51 NZL
species :
Gentianella campanuliformis (Reimers) Fabris; Bol. Soc. Argentina. Bot. 7: 87 (1958)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana campanuliformis Reimers, Engl. Jahrb. 62: 324 (1929)
species :
Gentianella campestris (L.) Börner; Fl. Deutsche Volk 542 (1912)
subspecies :
subsp. campestris
Name: Feld-Kranzenzian (DE)
Distribution: E-Spain; C-Italy; Austria; Belgium; England; Czech Republic; Denmark; Faeroe Isl.; Finland; France; Germany (Brandenburg, +Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, +Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Ireland; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Netherlands; Iceland; Italy; Norway
10 DEN FIN FOR GRB ICE IRE NOR 11 AUT BGM CZE GER LIE NET SWI 12 FRA SPA 13 ITA
Remarks: campestris agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Amarella quadrifida Gilib., Fl. Lit. Inch. 1: 36 (1782), opus utique oppr.
= Amarella vulgaris Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 20 (1837)
= Cicendia campestris (L.) Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 26 (1837)
= Endotriche campestris (L.) Steud., Nom. ed. I. 298 (1821)
= Eyrythalia campestris (L.) Borkh., Roem. Arch. 1: I. 28 (1796)
= Gentiana amarella var. campestris (L.) Jess., 89 (1879)
= Gentiana amarella var. chlorifolia (Nees) Celak., 153 (1870)
= Gentiana campestris f. elongata Lebert, 29 (1834)
= Gentiana campestris f. hartmaniana Murb., Acta Horti Berg. 2(3): 10 (1892)
= Gentiana campestris f. lutescens (Sennen) O.Bolòs & Vigo, Collect. Bot., 14: 90 (1983)
= Gentiana campestris f. media Lebert, 29 (1834)
= Gentiana campestris f. pygmaea Lebert, 29 (1834)
= Gentiana campestris L., Sp. Pl. 231 (1753)
= Gentiana campestris ssp. germanica (Froel.) Murb., 11 (1892)
= Gentiana campestris ssp. hypericifolia (Murb.) P.Fourn., (1938)
= Gentiana campestris var. auriculata Pohl, 256 (1809)
= Gentiana campestris var. chlorifolia (Nees) Gren., 495 (1853)
= Gentiana campestris var. chlorifolia Hampe, 16 (1836), nom. inval.
= Gentiana campestris var. hypericifolia Murb., Acta Horti Berg. 2(3): 10 (1892)
= Gentiana campestris var. islandica Murb., Acta Horti Berg. 2(3): 10 (1892)
= Gentiana campestris var. lutescens Sennen
= Gentiana hypericifolia (Murb.) Wettst., Denkschr. Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.-Nat. 70: 312 (1900)
= Gentiana pascuorum Bubani, Fl. Pyren. 1: 535 (1897)
= Gentiana suecica var. hypericifolia Murb., (1892)
= Gentianella campestris (L.) Harry Sm., Hylander, Nomencl. u. Syst. Stud. Nord. Gefasspfl. (Uppsala Univ. Arsskr.,No. 7) 259 (1945) comb. superfl.
= Gentianella campestris f. hypericifolia (Murb.) B.Bock, Bull. Soc. Bot. Centre-Ouest 42: 275 (2011 publ. 2012)
= Gentianella campestris f. hypericifolia (Murb.) B.Bock, 275 (2012)
= Gentianella campestris ssp. germanica (Froel.) Á.Löve & D.Löve, 54 (1961)
= Gentianella campestris ssp. hypericifolia (Murb.) Jovet & Vilm., (1977)
= Gentianella campestris ssp. islandica (Murb.) Á.Löve & D.Löve, 110 (1948)
= Gentianella campestris var. islandica (Murb.) Harry Sm., Hyl., 259 (1945)
= Gentianella hypericifolia (Murb.) N.M.Pritch., Bot. Jour. Linn. Soc. 65: 260 (1972)
= Gentianella tetrandra Moench, Meth. 482 (1794), nom. illeg.
= Gentianusa campestris (L.) Pohl, Tentamen Fl. Bohemiae, 1: 256 (1810)
= Hippion campestre (L.) F.W.Schmidt, Fl. Boem. 2: 25 (1796)
= Lexipyretum campestre (L.) Dulac, Fl. Hautes-Pyr. 450 (1867)
subspecies :
subsp. baltica (Murb.) Tutin; Bot. Jour. Linn. Soc. 65: 260 (1972)
Name: Baltischer Kranzenzian (DE)
Distribution: Germany (Mecklenburg-Vorpommern); NW-France; Poland; S-Sweden; Czech Republic; +Estonia; +Latvia; +Lithuania; N-European Russia
10 SWE 11 CZE GER POL 12 FRA 14 EST LAT LIT RUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana baltica Murb., Act. Hort. Berg. 2: 3 (1892) 4
= Gentiana campestris ssp. baltica (Murb.) Vollm., 598 (1914)
= Gentianella baltica (Murb.) Börner, 543 (1912)
= Gentianella baltica (Murb.) Harry Sm., Hylander, Nomencl. u. Syst. Stud. Nord. Gefässpfl. (Uppsala Univ. Arsskr.,No. 7) 259 (1945)
= Gentianella campestris ssp. baltica (Murb.) Á.Löve & D.Löve, 54 (1961)
subspecies :
subsp. suecica (Froel.) Tzvelev; Fl. Evropeiskoi Chasti SSSR, 3: 80 (1978)
Distribution: European Russia; Czech Republic; ?Germany; etc.
11 CZE 14 RUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana campestris ssp. suecica (Froel.) Murb., Acta Horti Berg. 2(3): 10 (1892), nom. inval.
= Gentiana campestris var. suecica Froel., Gent. Diss. 92 (1796)
= Gentiana suecica Murb., Act. Hort. Berg. 2: 3 10 (1892)
= Gentianella campestris ssp. suecica (Froel.) Á.Löve & D.Löve, 110 (1948), nom. inval.
= Gentianella campestris var. suecica (Froel.) Dostál, Folia Mus. Rer. Nat. Bohem. Occid., Bot., 21: 10 (1984)
subspecies :
subsp. islandica (Murb.) Vollm.
Distribution: Iceland
10 ICE
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana islandica (Murb.) Dörfl., Herb. Norm. 38: 269 (1898)
= Gentiana suecica var. islandica Murb.
species :
Gentianella canoi S.J.Castillo & J.S.Pringle; Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 75(1)e068: 2 (2018)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Gentianella canosoi G.L.Nesom & B.L.Turner; Sida, 14(2): 227 (1990)
Distribution: Mexico (Durango, Sinaloa)
79 MEX
species :
Gentianella carneorubra (Gilg) Fabris ex J.S.Pringle; Phytologia, 48(4): 281 (1981)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana carneorubra Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 54: Beibl. 118, 55 (1916)
species :
Gentianella caucasea (Lodd. ex Sims) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. (Praha) 2: 117 (1967)
Distribution: +European Turkey; Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia [Caucasus]; Turkey (E-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia); Iran (N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan)
13 TUE 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Eyrythalia caucasica (Lodd. ex Sims) Bercht. & J.Presl, Rostl. 1: Gent. 18 (1823)
= Gentiana amarella Pall., Fl. Ross. 1: II. 104 (1789)
= Gentiana caucasea Lodd. ex Sims, Bot. Mag., Lond. 26: t. 1038 (1807)
= Gentiana caucasica M.Bieb., Fl. Taur.-Caucasus 1: 198 (1808)
= Gentiana collina Adams ex Griseb., Gen. et Sp. Gent. 245 (1838)
= Gentiana oppositifolia Zaw. ex Griseb., Gen. et Sp. Gent. 245 (1838)
= Gentianella caucasica (M.Bieb.) Czerep., Sosud. Rast. SSSR: 255 (1981)
= Gentianella marcowiczii Kuzn.
species :
Gentianella centamalensis (Gilg) Zarucchi; L. Brako & Zarucchi, Cat. Flow. Pl. Gymn. Peru (Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard., 45): 1255 (1993)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana centamalensis Gilg, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 22(2): 334 (1896)
= Gentianella centamalensis (Gilg) T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu, Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 62 (1993), comb. superfl.
species :
Gentianella cerastioides (Kunth) Fabris; Bol. Soc. Argentina. Bot. 8: 176 (1960)
Distribution: Colombia (Nariño, Putumayo); Ecuador
82 CLM 83 ECU
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana cistiflora Willd. ex Schult., Syst. 6: 184 (1820)
= Gentiana rupicola Benth., Pl. Hartw. 228 (1840)
= Gentiana cerastioides Kunth, Nov. Gen. et Sp. 3: 169 (1818)
species :
Gentianella cerina (Hook.fil.) T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu; Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 62 (1993)
Distribution: Auckland Isl.; Campbell Isl.
51 AUC 91 CMP
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana cerina Hook.fil., Fl. Antarct. 54. t. 36 (1844)
= Chionogentias cerina (Hook.fil.) L.G.Adams, Austr. Syst. Bot., 8(5): 976 (1995)
= Gentiana campbellii Hombr. & Jacq., Voy. Pole Sud 22 (1853)
= Gentiana cerina var. suberecta (Kirk) Cheeseman, (1906)
= Gentiana cerina f. suberecta Kirk, (1895)
species :
Gentianella cernua (Kunth) Fabris; Bol. Soc. Argentina. Bot. 6: 50 (1955)
Distribution: Ecuador
83 ECU
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana cernua Kunth, Nov. Gen. et Sp. 3: 170 (1818)
species :
Gentianella cerrateae Fabris; Bol. Soc. Argentina. Bot. 6: 48 (1955)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Gentianella chamuchui (Reimers) Fabris; Bol. Soc. Argentina. Bot. 7: 91 (1958)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana chamuchui Reimers, Engl. Jahrb. 62: 333 (1929)
species :
Gentianella chathamica (Cheeseman) T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu; Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 62 (1993)
subspecies :
subsp. chathamica
Distribution: Chatham Isl.
51 CTM
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana chathamica Cheeseman, Man. N. Zeal. Fl. 449 (1906)
= Chionogentias chathamica (Cheeseman) L.G.Adams, Austr. Syst. Bot., 8(5): 976 (1995)
= Gentiana pleurogynoides var. umbellata Kirk, (1895)
subspecies :
subsp. nemorosa Glenny; New Zealand J. Bot. 42(3): 477 (2004)
Distribution: N-New Zealand
51 NZL
species :
Gentianella chlorantha J.S.Pringle; Sida, 11(4): 357 (1986)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Gentianella chrysantha (Gilg) T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu; Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 62 (1993)
Distribution: Bolivia (La Paz)
83 BOL
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana chrysantha Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 54: Beibl. 81 (1916)
species :
Gentianella chrysosphaera (Gilg) Zarucchi; L. Brako & Zarucchi, Cat. Flow. Pl. Gymn. Peru (Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard., 45): 1255 (1993)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana chrysosphaera Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 54: Beibl. 37 (1916)
= Gentianella chrysosphaera (Gilg) T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu, Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 62 (1993)
species :
Gentianella chrysotaenia (Gilg) Zarucchi; L. Brako & Zarucchi, Cat. Flow. Pl. Gymn. Peru (Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard., 45): 1255 (1993)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana chrysotaenia Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 54: Beibl. 39 (1916)
= Gentianella chrysotaenia (Gilg) T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu, Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 62 (1993)
species :
Gentianella claytonioides (Gilg) T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu; Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 62 (1993)
Distribution: Argentina (La Rioja, Catamarca)
85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana claytonioides Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 22: 318 (1896)
species :
Gentianella clelandii (L.G.Adams) Glenny; New Zealand J. Bot. 42(3): 518 (2004)
Distribution: Australia (South Australia: near Millicent)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Chionogentias clelandii L.G.Adams, Austr. Syst. Bot., 8(5): 968 (1995)
species :
Gentianella coccinea (D.Don ex G.Don) Zarucchi; L. Brako & Zarucchi, Cat. Flow. Pl. Gymn. Peru (Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard., 45): 1255 (1993)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana coccinea R & P. ex G.Don, Gen. Hist. 4: 196 (1837)
= Gentianella coccinea (G.Don) T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu, Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 62 (1993)
= Selatium coccineum D.Don ex G.Don, Gen. Hist. 4: 196 (1837)
species :
Gentianella columnae (Ten.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. (Praha) 2: 119 (1967)
Distribution: C-Italy (C-Appennini)
13 ITA
Remarks: amarella agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana columnae Ten., Fl. Napol. 3: 248 (1824-1829)
= Gentiana neapolitana Wettst., Österr. Bot. Zeitschr. 42: 44 (1892)
species :
Gentianella concinna (Hook.fil.) T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu; Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 62 (1993)
Distribution: Auckland Isl.
51 AUC
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana concinna Hook.fil., Fl. Antarct. 53. t. 35 (1844)
= Chionogentias concinna (Hook.fil.) L.G.Adams, Austr. Syst. Bot., 8(5): 976 (1995)
species :
Gentianella coquimbensis (Briq.) Martic. & Quezada; Gayana, Bot., 48(1-4): 124 (1991)
Distribution: Chile (Atacama, Coquimbo)
85 CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana coquimbensis Briq., Candollea, 4: 328 (1931)
= Gentianella coquimbensis (Briq.) T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu, Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot. 23(2): 62 (1993)
species :
Gentianella corallina (Gilg) Zarucchi; L. Brako & Zarucchi, Cat. Flow. Pl. Gymn. Peru (Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard., 45): 1255 (1993)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana corallina Gilg, Fedde, Repert. Nov. Sp. 2: 48 (1906)
= Gentianella corallina (Gilg) T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu, Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 62 (1993)
species :
Gentianella corymbifera (Kirk) Holub; Folia Geobot. & Phytotax., Praha, 3: 218 (1968)
subspecies :
subsp. corymbifera
Distribution: New Zealand
51 NZL
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana corymbifera Kirk, Trans. N. Z. Inst. 27: 1894 336 (1895)
= Chionogentias corymbifera (Kirk) L.G.Adams, Austr. Syst. Bot., 8(5): 976 (1995)
subspecies :
subsp. gracilis Glenny; New Zealand J. Bot. 42(3): 483 (2004)
Distribution: S-New Zealand
51 NZL
species :
Gentianella corymbosa (Kunth) Weaver & Rüdenberg; J. Arnold Arbor., 56(2): 215 (1975)
Distribution: Colombia (Antioquia, Boyacá, Cesar, Cundinamarca, Magdalena); Venezuela (Merida, Trujillo)
82 CLM VEN
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana congesta Willd. ex Schult., Syst. 6: 184 (1820)
= Gentiana corymbosa Kunth, Nov. Gen. et Sp. 3: 171 (1818)
= Gentiana arbelaezii Cuatrec.
= Gentiana cocuyana Cuatrec.
species :
Gentianella cosmantha (Griseb.) J.S.Pringle; Phytologia, 48(4): 281 (1981)
Distribution: Argentina (Catamarca, Salta, Tucuman, Jujuy)
85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana cosmantha Griseb., Gött. Abh. 19: 209 (1874)
= Gentianella cosmantha f. violacea Fabris, Cabrera, Fl. Prov. Jujuy (Inst. Nac. Tecn. Agropec., 13), 8: 66 (1983)
species :
Gentianella crassicaulis J.S.Pringle; L. Brako & Zarucchi, Cat. Flow. Pl. Gymn. Peru (Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard., 45): 1255 (1993), nom. nov.
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana crassicaulis Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 54: Beibl. 118, 60 (1916) nom. illeg.
= Gentianella crassiuscula T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu, Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 62 (1993)(nom. nov.)
species :
Gentianella crassulifolia (Griseb.) Fabris; Bol. Soc. Argentina. Bot. 8: 25 (1959)
Distribution: Ecuador
83 ECU
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana crassulifolia Griseb., Gen. et Sp. Gent. 227 (1838)
variant :
var. hypericoides (Gilg) T.N.Ho; Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 62 (1993)
Distribution: Ecuador
83 ECU
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana hypericoides Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 22: 312 (1896)
= Gentianella hypericoides (Gilg) Fabris, Bol. Soc. Argentina. Bot. 8: 184 (1960)
species :
Gentianella crispata (Vis.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. (Praha) 2: 117 (1967)
Distribution: Albania; Bulgaria; S-Italy; Serbia & Kosovo; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Macedonia; Greece
13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA NMA SRB
Remarks: crispata agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana amblyphylla Borbás, (1896)
= Gentiana crispata ssp. autumnalis Pevalek, (1967)
= Gentiana crispata Vis., Flora, 13: 50, Fl. Dalmat. 2: 258 (1830)
= Gentianella crispata f. candida (Beck) Jovan.-Dunj., Fl. SR Srbije, 5: 428 (1973)
= Gentianella crispata subf.candida Beck
= Gentianella crispata var. amblyphylla (Borbás) Bjelcic & E.Mayer, Österr. Bot. Zeitschr., 122(5): 356 (1973)
= Gentianella crispata var. autumnalis (Pevalek) Bjelcic & E.Mayer, Österr. Bot. Zeitschr., 122(5): 356 (1973)
species :
Gentianella crossolaema (Wedd.) Zarucchi; L. Brako & Zarucchi, Cat. Flow. Pl. Gymn. Peru (Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard., 45): 1255 (1993)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana crossolaena Wedd., Chlor. And. 2: 55 (1859)
= Gentianella crossolaema (Wedd.) T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu, Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 62 (1993)
species :
Gentianella cunninghamii (L.G.Adams) Glenny; New Zealand J. Bot. 42(3): 518 (2004)
subspecies :
subsp. cunninghamii
Distribution: Australia (Central and Southern Tablelands, New South Wales, E Gippsland, Victoria, and possibly Tasmania)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Chionogentias cunninghamii L.G.Adams, Austr. Syst. Bot., 8(5): 962 (1995)
= Gentiana montana var. elongata Griseb., Gen. Sp. Gent. 236 (1838)
subspecies :
subsp. major (L.G.Adams) Glenny; New Zealand J. Bot. 42(3): 518 (2004)
Distribution: Australia (W-Victorian alps)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Chionogentias cunninghamii ssp. major L.G.Adams, Austr. Syst. Bot., 8(5): 964 (1995)
species :
Gentianella cuspidata (Griseb.) J.S.Pringle; Sida, 11(4): 368 (1986)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana cuspidata Griseb., Gen. et Sp. Gent. 224 (1838)
= Gentiana quinquepartita Dombey ex Griseb., DC. Prod. 9: 90 (1845)
species :
Gentianella dacrydioides (Gilg) Weaver & Rüdenberg; J. Arnold Arbor., 56(2): 215 (1975)
Distribution: Colombia (Cauca, Huila, Nariño, Putumayo); Ecuador
82 CLM 83 ECU
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana dacrydioides Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 22: 311 (1896)
= Gentiana engleri Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 22: 314 (1896)
species :
Gentianella dasythamna (Gilg) T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu; Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 62 (1993)
Distribution: Bolivia (La Paz); Peru
83 BOL PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana dasythamna Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 54: Beibl. 118, 63 (1916)
= Gentiana dilatata Griseb., Gen. et Sp. Gent. 222 (1838)
= Gentiana primulifolia var. dilatata (Griseb.) Wedd., Chlor. And. 2: 53 (1859)
= Gentianella dilatata (Griseb.) Fabris, Bol. Soc. Argentina. Bot. 7: 90 (1958)
species :
Gentianella decemnectaria J.S.Pringle; Novon 21(1): 78 (2011)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Gentianella decumbens Glenny; New Zealand J. Bot. 42(3): 484 (2004)
Distribution: S-New Zealand
51 NZL
species :
Gentianella demissa (L.G.Adams) Glenny; Muelleria 26(1): 95 (2008)
Distribution: Australia (S-Tasmania)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Chionogentias demissa L.G.Adams, Austr. Syst. Bot., 8(5): 960 (1995)
species :
Gentianella devendrae M.Shabir & J.K.Tiwari; Taiwania 66(1): 35, figs. 1-2, Table 1 (2021)
Distribution: India
40 IND
species :
Gentianella dianthoides (Kunth) Fabris ex J.S.Pringle; Sida, 11(4): 368 (1986)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana amoena Wedd., Chlor. And. 2: 70 (1859)
= Gentiana chelonoides Willd. ex Roem. & Schult., Syst. 6: 185 (1820)
= Gentiana dianthoides Kunth, Nov. Gen. et Sp. 3: 170 (1818)
= Gentianella amoena (Wedd.) Fabris, Bol. Soc. Argentina. Bot. 7: 92 (1958)
species :
Gentianella dielsiana (Gilg) J.S.Pringle; Sida, 11(4): 368 (1986)
Distribution: Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, La Paz, Santa Cruz)
83 BOL
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana dielsiana Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 22: 316 (1896)
= Gentiana spectabilis Rusby, Mem. Torr. Bot. Club, 6: 80 (1896)
= Gentiana hauthalii Gilg, Hauthal, Reisen in Bolivia & Peru, 277 (1911), nomen, Engl. Jahrb. 49: 212, descr.
species :
Gentianella diemensis (Griseb.) J.H.Willis; Vict. Nat. 73: 199 (1957)
subspecies :
subsp. diemensis
Distribution: Australia (Tasmania)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana diemensis Griseb., Gen. et Sp. Gent. 224 (1838)
= Chionogentias diemensis (Griseb.) L.G.Adams, Austr. Syst. Bot., 8(5): 952 (1995)
= Gentiana montana var. diemensis (Griseb.) Hook.fil., Fl. Tasman. 1: 271 (1857)
subspecies :
subsp. plantaginea (L.G.Adams) Glenny; New Zealand J. Bot. 42(3): 519 (2004)
Distribution: Australia (NE-Tasmania)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Chionogentias diemensis ssp. plantaginea L.G.Adams, Austr. Syst. Bot., 8(5): 954 (1995)
species :
Gentianella dissitifolia (Griseb.) Zarucchi; L. Brako & Zarucchi, Cat. Flow. Pl. Gymn. Peru (Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard., 45): 1255 (1993)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana dissitifolia Griseb., Gen. et Sp. Gent. 229 (1838)
= Gentianella dissitifolia (Griseb.) T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu, Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 62 (1993)
= Gentiana pedunculata Dombey ex Griseb., DC. Prod. 9: 92 (1845)
species :
Gentianella divisa (Kirk) Glenny; New Zealand J. Bot. 42(3): 486 (2004)
Distribution: New Zealand
51 NZL
Synonyms: hidden
= Chionogentias bellidifolia var. divisa (Kirk) T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu, Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 61 (1993)
= Chionogentias divisa (Kirk) L.G.Adams, Austr. Syst. Bot., 8(5): 976 (1995)
= Gentiana bellidifolia var. divisa Kirk
= Gentiana divisa (Kirk) Cheeseman, Man. N. Zeal. Fl. 453 (1906)
species :
Gentianella dolichopoda (Gilg) J.S.Pringle; Sida, 11(4): 368 (1986)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana dolichopoda Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 54: Beibl. 36 (1916)
species :
Gentianella dombeyana (Wedd.) Zarucchi; L. Brako & Zarucchi, Cat. Flow. Pl. Gymn. Peru (Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard., 45): 1255 (1993)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana dombeyana Wedd., Chlor. And. 2: 62 (1859)
= Gentianella dombeyana (Wedd.) T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu, Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 62 (1993)
= Gentiana rotata Dombey ex Wedd., Chlor. And. 2: 63 (1859)
species :
Gentianella eichleri (L.G.Adams) Glenny; New Zealand J. Bot. 42(3): 519 (2004)
Distribution: Australia (Tasmania: Central plateau)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Chionogentias eichleri L.G.Adams, Austr. Syst. Bot., 8(5): 973 (1995)
species :
Gentianella empetroides J.S.Pringle; Novon 25(4): 458 (2017)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Gentianella engadinensis (Wettst.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. (Praha) 2: 117 (1967)
Distribution: S-Switzerland; N-Italy
11 SWI 13 ITA
Remarks: anisodonta agg. Possibly to be included in G. anisodonta
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana engadinensis (Wettst.) Braun-Blanq. & Sam., Vierteljahrsschr. Nat. Ges. Zürich, 67: 258 (1922)
= Gentiana calycina f. engadinensis Wettst.
species :
Gentianella ericoides (Griseb.) Fabris; Bol. Soc. Argentina. Bot. 7: 89 (1958)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana ericoides Griseb., Gen. et Sp. Gent. 231 (1838)
= Gentiana lavradioides Gilg, Fedde, Repert. Nov. Sp. 2: 49 (1906)
= Gentiana reflexifolia Killip & Vargas, Bol. Mus. Hist. Nat. ` Javier Prado´, Lima, 8: 218 (1944)
species :
Gentianella ericothamna (Gilg) Zarucchi; L. Brako & Zarucchi, Cat. Flow. Pl. Gymn. Peru (Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard., 45): 1255 (1993)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana ericotharnna Gilg, Fedde, Repert. Nov. Sp. 2: 59 (1906)
= Gentianella ericothamna (Gilg) T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu, Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 62 (1993)
species :
Gentianella ernestii (Briq.) Fabris ex J.S.Pringle; Phytologia, 48(4): 281 (1981)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana ernestii Briq., Candollea, 4: 326 (1931)
species :
Gentianella erythrochrysea (Gilg) Fabris; Cabrera, Fl. Prov. Jujuy (Inst. Nac. Tecn. Agropec., 13), 8: 71 (1983)
Distribution: Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz); Argentina (Salta)
83 BOL 85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana erythrochrysea Gilg, Fedde, Repert. Nov. Sp. 2: 38 (1906)
= Gentianella lithophila (Gilg) T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu, Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 63 (1993)
= Gentiana lithophila Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 54: Beibl. 39 (1916)
species :
Gentianella euphorbiifolia Fabris; Bol. Soc. Argentina. Bot. 6: 50 (1955)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Gentianella eurysepala (Gilg) Zarucchi; L. Brako & Zarucchi, Cat. Flow. Pl. Gymn. Peru (Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard., 45): 1255 (1993)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentianella eurysepala (Gilg) Fabris ex T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu, Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 62 (1993)
= Gentiana eurysepala Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 50: Beibl. 111, 50 (1913)
species :
Gentianella fabrisii Filippa & Barboza; Sida 22(1): 130 (2006)
Distribution: Argentina (Tucuman)
85 ARG
species :
Gentianella fastigiata Fabris; Bol. Soc. Argentina. Bot. 8: 172 (1960)
Distribution: Ecuador
83 ECU
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana fastigiata Benth., (nom. illeg.)
species :
Gentianella fatrae (Borbás) Holub; Preslia, 55(4): 371 (1983)
Distribution: Poland; Romania; Slovakia
11 POL SLO 13 ROM
Remarks: austriaca agg. Morphologically identical to G. austriaca but genetically distinct
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana fatrae Borbás, Österr. Bot. Zeitschr. 43: 69 (1893)
= Gentianella austriaca ssp. fatrae (Borbás) Holub, Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 2: 118 (1967)
species :
Gentianella fiebrigii (Gilg) Holub; Folia Geobot. & Phytotax., Praha, 2: 117 (1967)
Distribution: Bolivia (La Paz, Tarija); Argentina (Jujuy, Salta, Tucuman)
83 BOL 85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana fiebrigii Gilg, Fedde, Repert. Nov. Sp. 2: 45 (1906)
= Gentiana gynophora Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 22: 305 (1896)
= Gentiana krauseana Gilg, Fedde, Repert. Nov. Sp. 2: 45 (1906)
= Gentiana seminuda Rusby, Mem. Torr. Bot. Club, 6: 81
= Gentianella krauseana (Gilg) Fabris ex T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu, Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 63 (1993)
species :
Gentianella filipes (Cheeseman) T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu; Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 62 (1993)
Distribution: New Zealand
51 NZL
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana filipes Cheeseman, Trans. N. Z. Inst. 28: 536
= Chionogentias filipes (Cheeseman) L.G.Adams, Austr. Syst. Bot., 8(5): 976 (1995)
species :
Gentianella fimbrilinguis G.L.Nesom; Phytologia, 70(1): 10 (1991)
Distribution: Mexico (Baja California Sur)
79 MEX
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Gentianella flaviflora (Gilg) Fabris; Bol. Soc. Argentina. Bot. 8: 185 (1960)
Distribution: Ecuador
83 ECU
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana flaviflora Gilg, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 22(2): 308 (1896)
species :
Gentianella florida (Griseb.) Holub; Folia Geobot. & Phytotax., Praha, 2: 117 (1967)
Distribution: Argentina (Jujuy, Salta, Tucuman, Catamarca); Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz, Potosí, Santa Cruz, Tarija)
83 BOL 85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana florida Griseb., Gött. Abh. 24: 236 (1879)
= Gentiana tatei Rusby
= Gentiana tradescantiifolia Britton ex Rusby
species :
Gentianella foliosa (Kunth) Fabris; Bol. Soc. Argentina. Bot. 8: 182 (1960)
Distribution: Ecuador
83 ECU
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana androtricha Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 54: Beibl. 118, 79 (1916)
= Gentiana coarctata Willd. ex Schult., Syst. 6: 184 (1820)
= Gentiana foliosa Kunth, Nov. Gen. et Sp. 3: 170 (1818)
= Gentiana stellarioides Griseb., Gen. et Sp. Gent. 225 (1838)
= Gentianella spruceana Fabris, Bol. Soc. Argentina. Bot. 8: 182 (1960)
= Gentianella stellarioides (Griseb.) Fabris, Bol. Soc. Argentina. Bot. 8: 180 (1960)
= Gentianella stellarioides var. androtricha (Gilg) T.N.Ho, Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 65 (1993)
species :
Gentianella formosissima (D.Don ex G.Don) Fabris ex J.S.Pringle; Phytologia, 48(4): 281 (1981)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Eudoxia formosissima D.Don ex G.Don, Gen. Syst. 4: 202 (1836)
= Gentiana formosissima (D.Don ex G.Don) Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 54: Beibl. 118, 54 (1916)
= Gentiana herrediana Raimondi ex Wedd., Chlor. And. 2: 309 (1859)
= Gentiana magniflora Ruiz & Pav. ex Gilg
= Gentiana regina Gilg, Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin, 7: 509 (1921)
species :
Gentianella fruticulosa (Dombey ex Wedd.) Fabris ex J.S.Pringle; L. Brako & Zarucchi, Cat. Flow. Pl. Gymn. Peru (Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard., 45): 1255 (1993)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentianella fruticulosa (Dombey ex Wedd.) T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu, Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 62 (1993)
= Gentiana fruticulosa Dombey ex Wedd., Chlor. And. 2: 71 (1859)
= Gentiana subulata Dombey ex Wedd., Chlor. And. 2: 71 (1859)
species :
Gentianella fuscicaulis Fabris; Bol. Soc. Argentina. Bot. 8: 170 (1960)
Distribution: Ecuador
83 ECU
species :
Gentianella gageoides (Gilg) Fabris; Cabrera, Fl. Prov. Jujuy (Inst. Nac. Tecn. Agropec., 13), 8: 84 (1983)
Distribution: Bolivia (Cochabamba, Tarija); Argentina (Jujuy, Salta)
83 BOL 85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana gageoides Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 22: 320 (1896)
= Gentianella cupiformis T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu, Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 62 (1993) (nom. nov. superfl.)
= Gentiana campanuloides Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 22: 320 (1896)
species :
Gentianella galtonioides J.S.Pringle; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 51(1-2): 118 (2014)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Gentianella gentianoides (Franch.) Harry Sm.; Hand.-Mazz. Symb. Sin. Pt. 7: 981 (1936)
Distribution: China (S-Sichuan, NE-Yunnan, W-Yunnan); India (Uttarakhand)
36 CHI 40 IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Swertia gentianoides Franch., Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 46: 314 (1900)
= Gentiana scabratopes W.W.Sm., Notes Bot. Gard. Edin. 8: 187 (1914)
species :
Gentianella germanica (Willd.) E.F.Warb.; Clapham, Tutin & E. F. Warb., Fl. Brit. Isl. 824 (1952)
subspecies :
subsp. germanica
Name: Deutscher Kranzenzian (DE)
Distribution: Belgium; Luxembourg; England; Czech Republic; France; Germany (Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Netherlands
10 GRB 11 BGM CZE GER LUX NET SWI 12 FRA
Remarks: germanica agg. Most records for further southeast might belong to G. rhaetica
Synonyms: hidden
= Crossopetalum gentianoides Roth, 516 (1827), nom. illeg.
= Eyrythalia germanica (Willd.) Schrank, Pl. Rar. Hort. Monac. t. 278
= Eyrythalia uniflora (Willd.) Bercht. & J.Presl, Rostl. 1: Gent. 17 (1823)
= Gentiana amarella f. corollina Lebert, 32 (1834)
= Gentiana amarella ssp. germanica (Willd.) Syme, 76 (1866)
= Gentiana amarella var. calycina Celak., 293 (1871)
= Gentiana amarella var. germanica (Willd.) Hampe, 16 (1836)
= Gentiana amarella var. grandiflora Wender., 65 (1846)
= Gentiana amarella var. quadrifida Klett & Richt., 259 (1830)
= Gentiana campestris ssp. germanica (Froel.) Murb., Acta Horti Berg. 2(3): 11 (1892)
= Gentiana campestris var. germanica Froel., Gentiana 94 (1796)
= Gentiana denneri M.Goldschm., 102 (1908)
= Gentiana germanica f. bicolor (Ronniger) Hegi, 2037 (1927)
= Gentiana germanica f. minor (G.Mey.) Hegi, 2039 (1927)
= Gentiana germanica ssp. semleri Vollm., 599 (1914)
= Gentiana germanica ssp. solstitialis (Wettst.) Vollm., 599 (1914)
= Gentiana germanica var. calycina (Celak.) Celak., 235 (1887)
= Gentiana germanica var. humilis Metsch, 200 (1845)
= Gentiana germanica var. pygmaea Glaab, 95 (1893)
= Gentiana germanica var. pyramidatoramosa Bogenh., 285 (1850)
= Gentiana germanica var. quadrifida Bogenh., 285 (1850)
= Gentiana germanica var. ramosissima Boenn., 74 (1824)
= Gentiana germanica var. uniflora (Willd.) Wirtg., 125 (1841)
= Gentiana germanica Willd., Sp. Pl. 1: 1346 (1798)
= Gentiana solstitialis Wettst., Denkschr. Akad. Wiss. Math. Nat. Kl. (Wien) 64: 337 (1896)
= Gentiana uniflora Willd., Sp. Pl. 1: 1346 (1798)
= Gentiana wettsteinii Murb., Act. Hort. Berg. 2: No. 3, 14 (1892)
= Gentiana wettsteinii Wolosz., Spraw. kom. 62. 28 (1892) ex Österr. Bot. Zeitschr. 43: 108 (1893)
= Gentianella campestris ssp. germanica (Willd.) Á.Löve & D.Löve
= Gentianella germanica ssp. solstitialis (Wettst.) Holub, (1967)
= Gentianella solstitialis (Wettst.) G.H.Loos, Jahrb. Bochum. Bot. Vereins (2010)
= Opsanthe flava (Mérat ex Loisel.) Fourr., Ann. Soc. L. Lyon, N. S. 17: 120 (1869)
= Opsanthe germanica (Willd.) Fourr., Ann. Soc. L. Lyon, N. S. 17: 120 (1869)
= Opsanthe obtusifolia Fourr., Ann. Soc. L. Lyon, N. S. 17: 120 (1869)
subspecies :
subsp. saxonica W.Hempel; Gleditschia, 8: 36 1980 (1981)
Distribution: Germany (Sachsen)
11 GER
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentianella saxonica (W.Hempel) G.H.Loos, Jahrb. Bochum. Bot. Vereins (2010)
species :
Gentianella gibbsii (Petrie) T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu; Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 62 (1993)
Distribution: New Zealand (Stewart Isl.)
51 NZL
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana gibbsii Petrie, Trans. N. Z. Inst., 49: 52 (1916) (1917)
= Chionogentias gibbsii (Petrie) L.G.Adams, Austr. Syst. Bot., 8(5): 977 (1995)
species :
Gentianella gilgiana (Reimers) Fabris ex J.S.Pringle; Sida, 11(4): 368 (1986)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana gilgiana Reimers, Engl. Jahrb. 62: 326 (1929)
species :
Gentianella gilioides (Gilg) Fabris; Bol. Soc. Argentina. Bot. 8: 169 (1960)
Distribution: Ecuador
83 ECU
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana gilioides Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 22: 314 (1896)
species :
Gentianella glenniae J.S.Pringle; Novon 24(4): 394 (2016)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Gentianella gracilis (Kunth) Fabris; Bol. Soc. Argentina. Bot. 8: 167 (1960)
Distribution: Ecuador
83 ECU
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana gracilis Kunth, Nov. Gen. et Sp. 3: 168 (1818)
= Pneumonanthe gracilis (Kunth) Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 28 (1837)
species :
Gentianella graminea (Kunth) Fabris; Bol. Soc. Argentina. Bot. 7: 88 (1958)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana linifolia Willd. ex Schult., Syst. 6: 184 (1820), nom. illeg.
= Gentiana graminea Kunth, Nov. Gen. et Sp. 3: 169 (1818)
species :
Gentianella grandis (L.G.Adams) Glenny; New Zealand J. Bot. 42(3): 519 (2004), nom. illeg., homonym
Distribution: Australia (W-Tasmania)
50 AUS
Conservation Status: known only from type collection
Synonyms: hidden
= Chionogentias grandis L.G.Adams, Austr. Syst. Bot., 8(5): 960 (1995)
species :
Gentianella grantii J.S.Pringle; Brittonia 64(3): 283 (2012)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Gentianella griersonii E.Aitken & D.G.Long; Edinburgh J. Bot., 51(2): 165 (1994)
Distribution: Bhutan
40 BHU
species :
Gentianella grisebachii (Hook.fil.) T.N.Ho; Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 63 (1993)
Distribution: New Zealand (widespread)
51 NZL
Synonyms: hidden
= Chionogentias grisebachii (Hook.fil.) L.G.Adams, Austr. Syst. Bot., 8(5): 977 (1995)
= Chionogentias matthewsii (Petrie) L.G.Adams, Austr. Syst. Bot., 8(5): 977 (1995)
= Gentiana grisebachii Hook.fil., Hook. Ic. Pl. t. 636 (1844)
= Gentiana grisebachii var. novae-zelandiae (J.B.Armstr.) Cheeseman
= Gentiana matthewsii Petrie, Trans. N. Z. Inst., 44: 183 (1911) (1912)
= Gentiana montana f. novae-zelandiae (J.B.Armstr.) Kirk
= Gentiana novae-zelandiae J.B.Armstr.
= Gentianella matthewsii (Petrie) T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu, Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 63 (1993)
= Oreophylax grisebachii (Hook.fil.) Á.Löve, Taxon, 32(3): 511 (1983)
species :
Gentianella gunniana (L.G.Adams) Glenny; New Zealand J. Bot. 42(3): 519 (2004)
Distribution: Australia (Mt Gambier/Lake Bonney area, South Australia, W-Victoria, and E-Tasmania)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Chionogentias gunniana L.G.Adams, Austr. Syst. Bot., 8(5): 969 (1995)
species :
Gentianella helianthemoides (Gilg) Fabris; Cabrera, Fl. Prov. Jujuy (Inst. Nac. Tecn. Agropec., 13), 8: 74 (1983)
Distribution: Argentina (Jujuy, Salta); Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Tarija)
83 BOL 85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana alticola R.C.Foster, Rhodora, 56: 103 (1954), nom. nov.
= Gentiana lancifolia Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 22: 326 (1896) (non Rafn.)
= Gentiana helianthemoides Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 22: 321 (1896)
= Gentianella helianthemoides (Gilg) J.S.Pringle, Sida, 11(4): 368 (1986)
species :
Gentianella herrerae (Reimers) Zarucchi; L. Brako & Zarucchi, Cat. Flow. Pl. Gymn. Peru (Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard., 45): 1255 (1993)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana herrerae Reimers, Engl. Jahrb. 62: 330 (1929)
species :
Gentianella hieronymi (Gilg) Fabris; Rev. Invest. Agric., Buenos Aires, 11: 396 (1958)
Distribution: Argentina (Jujuy, Salta)
85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana hieronymi Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 22: 305 (1896)
species :
Gentianella hirculus (Griseb.) Fabris; Bol. Soc. Argentina. Bot. 8: 170 (1960)
Distribution: Ecuador
83 ECU
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana hirculus Griseb., Gen. et Sp. Gent. 219 (1838)
species :
Gentianella holosteoides N.M.Pritch.; Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 35: 310 (1977)
Distribution: NE-Pakistan (Skardu); ?NW-India
40 PAK
Remarks: amarella agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana holosteoides (N.M.Pritch.) Greuter, Willdenowia, 11(2): 279 (1981)
= Aloitis holosteoides (N.M.Pritch.) Omer, Qaiser & Ali, Pakistan J. Bot., 20(2): 159 (1988)
species :
Gentianella huancaveliquensis Fabris; Bol. Soc. Argentina. Bot. 6: 46 (1955).-
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Gentianella hyssopifolia (Kunth) Fabris; Bol. Soc. Argentina. Bot. 8: 173 (1960)
Distribution: Ecuador
83 ECU
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana hyssopifolia Kunth, Nov. Gen. et Sp. 3: 172 (1818)
species :
Gentianella iberidea J.S.Pringle; Novon 18(4): 511 (2008)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Gentianella imberbis (Griseb.) Filippa & Barboza; Kurtziana 29(1): 82 (2001)
Distribution: Argentina (Catamarca)
85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana imberbis Griseb., Pl. Lorentz. 161 (1874)
species :
Gentianella impressinervia Glenny; New Zealand J. Bot. 42(3): 492 (2004)
Distribution: S-New Zealand
51 NZL
species :
Gentianella inaequicalyx (Gilg) J.S.Pringle; Sida 20(4): 1488 (2003)
Distribution: Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz, Santa Cruz)
83 BOL
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana inaequicalyx Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 22: 324 (1896)
= Gentiana mandonii Rusby, Mem. Torr. Bot. Club, 6: 80 (1896)
= Gentianella silenoides var. inaequicalyx (Gilg) T.N.Ho, Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 64 (1993)
species :
Gentianella incurva (Hook.) Fabris; Bol. Soc. Argentina. Bot. 7: 90 (1958)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana flavido-flammea Gilg, Fedde, Repert. Nov. Sp. 2: 37 (1906)
= Gentiana incurva Hook., Bot. Misc. 2: 228 (1831)
= Gentiana lutea Ruiz & Pav. ex G.Don, Gen. Hist. 4: 181 (1837)
= Gentiana peduncularis D.Don ex G.Don, Gen. Hist. 4: 181 (1837)
= Gentiana primulifolia Griseb., Gen. et Sp. Gent. 221 (1838)
= Gentiana rupicola Griseb. ex Wedd., Chlor. And. 2: 53 (1859)
= Gentiana vaginalis Griseb. ex Wedd., Chlor. And. 2: 53 (1859)
= Gentianella primuliflora (Griseb.) Holub, Folia Geobot. & Phytotax., Praha, 2: 118 (1967)
= Selatium incurvum (Hook.) G.Don, Gen. Hist. 4: 196 (1837)
species :
Gentianella insubrica (H.Kunz) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. (Praha) 2: 117 (1967)
Distribution: S-Switzerland; N-Italy (S-Alps)
11 SWI 13 ITA
Remarks: germanica agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana insubrica H.Kunz, Verh. Nat. Ges. Basel, 1939-40, 51: 11. 7 (1940)
species :
Gentianella jamesonii (Hook.) Fabris; Bol. Soc. Argentina. Bot. 8: 187 (1960)
Distribution: Ecuador
83 ECU
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana arcuata Griseb., Gen. et Sp. Gent. 232 (1838)
= Gentiana jamesonii Hook., Icon. Pl. 1: t. 61 (1837)
= Gentiana pendula Griseb., Gen. et Sp. Gent. 232 (1838)
species :
Gentianella junussovii (Pachom. & Tajdshan.) Czerep.; Vasc. Pl. Russia & Adj. States (former USSR): 270 (1995)
Distribution: C-Asia
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana junussovii Pachom. & Tajdshan., Opred. Rast. Sred. Azii, 8: 169 (1986)
species :
Gentianella kuntzei (Gilg) T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu; Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 63 (1993)
Distribution: Bolivia (Cochabamba, Santa Cruz)
83 BOL
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana cochabambensis Rusby, Mem. Torr. Bot. Club 6: 79 (1896)
= Gentiana hygrophiloides Gilg, Fedde, Repert. Nov. Sp. 2: 40 (1906)
= Gentiana kuntzei Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 22: 326 (1896)
species :
Gentianella kurtzii (Gilg) Fabris; Rev. Invest. Agrcc., Buenos Aires, 11: 396 (1958)
Distribution: Argentina (Catamarca, La Rioja, Tucuman)
85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana kurtzii Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 54: Beibl. 118, 36 (1916)
species :
Gentianella kusnezowii (Gilg) T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu; Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 63 (1993)
Distribution: Bolivia (Cochabamba)
83 BOL
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana kusnezowii Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 22: 325 (1896)
= Gentiana virgata Rusby, Mem. Torr. Bot. Club, 6: 81 (1896)
species :
Gentianella laevicalyx (Rohlena) Rohlena; Mem. Soc. Sci. Bohéme 1933(8): 7 (1934)
Distribution: Montenegro
13 MNT
Remarks: campestris agg., status uncertain
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana campestris var. laevicalyx Rohlena
= Gentiana laevicalyx (Rohlena) Rohlena, Sitz. Bohm. Ges., No. 1, 87 (1913), et in Mem. Soc. Sc. Boheme, 1933, No. 8, p. 7 (1934)
species :
Gentianella larecajensis (Gilg) T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu; Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 63 (1993)
Distribution: Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz)
83 BOL
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana larecajensis Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 54: Beibl. 31 (1916)
species :
Gentianella liburnica E.Mayer & Kunz; Österr. Bot. Zeitschr. 116: 397 (1969)
Distribution: Slovenia (Velebit); ?Croatia
13 SLV
Remarks: anisodonta agg. Possibly to be included in G. anisodonta
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana liburnica (E.Mayer & Kunz) Greuter, Willdenowia, 11(2): 279 (1981)
species :
Gentianella lilacina (Gilg) Zarucchi; L. Brako & Zarucchi, Cat. Flow. Pl. Gymn. Peru (Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard., 45): 1255 (1993)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana lilacina Gilg, Fedde, Repert. Nov. Sp. 2: 40 (1906)
= Gentianella lilacina (Gilg) T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu, Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 63 (1993)
species :
Gentianella lilacinoflavescens (Gilg) T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu; Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 63 (1993)
Distribution: Bolivia (Bolivia)
83 BOL
Conservation Status: Known only from type
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana lilacinoflavescens Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 54: Beibl. 38 (1916)
species :
Gentianella lilliputiana (C.J.Webb) Glenny; New Zealand J. Bot. 42(3): 495 (2004)
Distribution: New Zealand
51 NZL
Synonyms: hidden
= Chionogentias lilliputiana (C.J.Webb) L.G.Adams, Austr. Syst. Bot., 8(5): 977 (1995)
= Gentiana lilliputiana C.J.Webb, New Zealand J. Bot., 28(1): 1 (1990)
species :
Gentianella limoselloides (Kunth) Fabris; Bol. Soc. Argentina. Bot. 8: 166 (1960)
Distribution: Peru; Ecuador
83 ECU PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana peduncularis Willd. ex Schult., Syst. 6: 185 (1820)
= Gentiana limoselloides Kunth, Nov. Gen. et Sp. 3: 167 (1818)
species :
Gentianella lineata (Kirk) T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu; Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 63 (1993)
Distribution: New Zealand
51 NZL
Synonyms: hidden
= Chionogentias lineata (Kirk) L.G.Adams, Austr. Syst. Bot., 8(5): 977 (1995)
= Gentiana lineata Kirk, Trans. N. Z. Inst. 27: 1894 (1895) 334 t. 27
= Gentiana verecunda G.Simpson, Trans. & Proc. Roy. Soc. N. Z. 79: 425 (1952)
= Oreophylax lineatus (Kirk) Á.Löve, Taxon, 32(3): 511 (1983)
species :
Gentianella liniflora (Humb., Bonpl. & Kunth) Fabris ex J.S.Pringle; L. Brako & Zarucchi, Cat. Flow. Pl. Gymn. Peru (Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard., 45): 1255 (1993)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana coerulea R. & R ex Griseb., Gen. et Sp. Gent. 235 nom. nud. pro syn. (1838)
= Gentiana floribunda Willd. ex Roem. & Schult., Syst. 6: 185 (1820)
= Gentiana graebneriana Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 54: Beibl. 118, 24 (1916)
= Gentiana liniflora Kunth, Nov. Gen. et Sp. 3: 171 (1818)
= Gentiana stricticaulis Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 54: Beibl. 62 (1916)
= Gentianella graebneriana (Gilg) T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu, Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 63 (1993)
= Gentianella liniflora (Kunth) T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu, Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 63 (1993)
= Gentianella stricticaulis (Gilg) T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu, Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 65 (1993)
species :
Gentianella lipskyi (Kuzn.) Holub; Folia Geobot. & Phytotax., Praha, 2: 117 (1967)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus
33 NCS
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana lipskyi Kuzn., Act. Hort. Petrop. 13: 361 (1894)
species :
Gentianella longibarbata (Gilg) Fabris; Bol. Soc. Argentina. Bot. 8: 185 (1960)
Distribution: Ecuador
83 ECU
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana longibarbata Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 22: 331 (1896)
species :
Gentianella longipes (Rusby) J.S.Pringle; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 51(1-2): 122 (2014)
Distribution: Bolivia (Cochabamba)
83 BOL
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana longipes Rusby, Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 7: 321 (1927)
species :
Gentianella longisepala M.Zárate; Brittonia 68(1): 47 (2015)
Distribution: Bolivia
83 BOL
species :
Gentianella lowndesii Harry Sm.; J. Jap. Bot., 56(9): 276 (1981)
Distribution: Nepal
40 NEP
species :
Gentianella luridoviolacea (Gilg) J.S.Pringle; L. Brako & Zarucchi, Cat. Flow. Pl. Gymn. Peru (Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard., 45): 1255 (1993)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana luridoviolacea Gilg, Fedde, Repert. Nov. Sp. 2: 37 (1906)
= Gentianella luridoviolacea (Gilg) Fabris ex T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu, Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 63 (1993), as ´lurido-violacea´:
species :
Gentianella luteoalba Glenny; New Zealand J. Bot. 42(3): 497 (2004)
Distribution: S-New Zealand
51 NZL
species :
Gentianella luteomarginata (Reimers) Fabris; Bol. Soc. Argentina. Bot. 6: 46 (1955):
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana luteomarginata Reimers, Engl. Jahrb. 62: 332 (1929)
species :
Gentianella lythroides (Gilg) T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu; Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 63 (1993)
Distribution: Bolivia (Cochabamba, Tarija)
83 BOL
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana lythroides Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 54: Beibl. 24 (1916)
species :
Gentianella macrorrhiza (Gilg) Fabris ex T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu; Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 63 (1993)
Distribution: Bolivia (Bolivia)
83 BOL
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana macrorrhiza Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 54: Beibl. 40 (1916)
species :
Gentianella macrosperma Ma ex H.F.Cao, J.D.Ya & Q.R.Zhang; PhytoKeys 130: 62 (2019)
Distribution: China (Xinjiang)
36 CHI
species :
Gentianella maddenii (C.B.Clarke) Airy Shaw; Hook. Ic. Pl. 35: sub t. 3431 (1943)
Distribution: Nepal; NW-India (Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Ladakh, Uttarakhand)
40 IND NEP
Synonyms: hidden
= Aloitis maddenii (C.B.Clarke) Omer, Qaiser & Ali, Pakistan J. Bot., 20(2): 155 (1988)
= Gentiana moorcroftiana var. maddenii C.B.Clarke, Hook. fil., Fl. Brit. India [J. D. Hooker] 4: 108 (1883)
variant :
var. glanduligera (Airy Shaw) S.Agrawal; Indian Forester, 109(8): 576 (1983)
Distribution: Nepal; India (Uttarakhand)
40 IND NEP
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentianella glanduligera Airy Shaw, Hook. Ic. Pl. 35: t. 3431 (1943)
species :
Gentianella magellanica (Gaudich.) Fabris; D. M. Moore, Vasc. Fl. Falkland Ist. 103 (1968)
Distribution: Falkland Isl.; Argentina (Chubut, Mendoza, Neuquen, Rio Negro, Santa Cruz, Tierra del Fuego); Chile (Maule, Ñuble, Biobío, Araucanía, Los Rios, Los Lagos, Aisén, Magallanes)
85 ARG CLE 91 FAL
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana araucana Phil., Anal. Univ. Chil. 90: 205 (1895)
= Gentiana lactea Phil., Anales Univ. Chile 90: 206 (1895)
= Gentiana magellanica f. albiflora Speg., Anales Soc. Ci. Argent. 53: 75 (1902)
= Gentiana magellanica f. cyanescens Speg., Anales Soc. Ci. Argent. 53: 75 (1902)
= Gentiana magellanica f. pumila (Albov) Speg., Anales Soc. Ci. Argent. 53: 75 (1902)
= Gentiana magellanica Gaudich., Ann. Sci. Nat. (Paris) 5: 102 (1825)
= Gentiana magellanica var. darwinii (Griseb.) Speg., Anales Soc. Ci. Argent. 53: 75 (1902)
= Gentiana modesta Phil., Linnaea 29: 109 (1858)
= Gentiana patagonica f. pumila-uniflora Albov, Revista Mus. La Plata 7: 384 (1896)
= Gentiana patagonica Griseb., Gen. et Sp. Gent. 237 (1838)
= Gentiana patagonica var. darwinii Griseb.
= Gentiana patagonica var. gracilis Albov, Revista Mus. La Plata 7: 384 (1896)
= Gentiana pearcei f. nana Hauman, Anales Soc. Ci. Argent. 86: 299 (1918)
= Gentiana pearcei Phil., Anal. Univ. Chil. 1: 65 (1861)
= Gentiana valdiviana Phil., Anal. Univ. Chil. 90: 206 (1895)
= Oreophylax magellanicus (Gaudich.) Á.Löve, Taxon, 32(3): 511 (1983)
species :
Gentianella magnifica (Kirk) Glenny; New Zealand J. Bot. 42(3): 498 (2004)
Distribution: New Zealand
51 NZL
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana divisa var. magnifica (Kirk) Allan, (1961)
= Gentianella bellidifolia var. magnifica Kirk, (1895)
species :
Gentianella meyeniana (Griseb.) Fabris; Cabrera, Fl Prov. Jujuy (Inst. Nac. Tecn. Agropec., 13), 8: 80 (1983)
Distribution: Peru; Argentina (Jujuy); to be expected in Bolivia
83 PER 85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana meyeniana Griseb., Gen. et Sp. Gent. 217 (1838)
= Gentiana meyenii Griseb., Nov. Act. Nat. Cur. 19: Suppl. 1: 48 (1843)
species :
Gentianella microcalyx (Lemmon) J.M.Gillett; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 44: 246 (1957)
Name: Chiricahua dwarf gentian
Distribution: USA (Arizona); Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Sonora)
76 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana microcalyx Lemmon ex A.Gray, Proc. Am. Acad. 17: 1881 222 (1882)
= Amarella microcalyx (Lemmon) Greene, Leaflets Bot. Obs. 1: 53 (1904)
species :
Gentianella minutissima (Boiss.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax., 8(2): 171 (1973)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Bamyan, Faryab, Ghazni, Ghorat, Wardak)
34 AFG
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana minutissima Boiss., Fl. Orient. 4: 71 (1875)
species :
Gentianella montana (G.Forst.) Holub; Folia Geobot. & Phytotax., Praha, 2: 117 (1967)
subspecies :
subsp. montana
Distribution: New Zealand (incl. Stewart Isl.)
51 NZL
Synonyms: hidden
= Chionogentias montana (G.Forst.) L.G.Adams, Austr. Syst. Bot., 8(5): 977 (1995)
= Gentiana montana G.Forst., Prod. 21 (1786)
= Oreophylax montanus (G.Forst.) Á.Löve, Taxon, 32(3): 511 (1983)
= Pneumonanthe montana (G.Forst.) F.W.Schmidt, Roem. Arch. 1: I. 10 (1796)
variant :
var. stolonifera (Cheeseman) Glenny; New Zealand J. Bot. 42(3): 504 (2004)
Distribution: S-New Zealand
51 NZL
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana montana var. stolonifera Cheeseman, (1906)
= Gentianella townsonii (Cheeseman) T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu, Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 65 (1993)
= Gentiana townsonii Cheeseman, Man. N. Zeal. Fl. 450 (1906)
= Chionogentias townsonii (Cheeseman) L.G.Adams, Austr. Syst. Bot., 8(5): 978 (1995)
subspecies :
subsp. ionostigma Glenny; New Zealand J. Bot. 42(3): 499 (2004)
Distribution: N-New Zealand
51 NZL
species :
Gentianella montesinosii J.S.Pringle; Novon 27(4): 248 (2019)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Gentianella moorcroftiana (Wall. ex Griseb.) Airy Shaw; Hook. Ic. Pl. 35: sub t. 3431, p. 2 (1943)
Distribution: N-India (Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Uttarakhand); Nepal; Tibet (Burang Shan); Pakistan (Waziristan, Hazara, Baltistan); Afghanistan (Kunar / Nuristan)
34 AFG 36 TIB 40 IND NEP PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Aliopsis moorcroftiana (Wall. ex G.Don) Omer, Qaiser & Ali, Pakistan J. Bot., 20(2): 157 (1988)
= Aloitis falconeri (C.B.Clarke) Omer, Qaiser & Ali, Pakistan J. Bot., 20(2): 155 (1988)
= Eyrythalia canaliculata D.Don ex Griseb., DC. Prod. 9: 96 (1845)
= Gentiana falconeri C.B.Clarke, Journ. Linn. Soc. 14: 483 (1875)
= Gentiana moorcroftiana Wall., Cat. n. 4390 (1830) ex G. Don, Gen. Hist. 4: 182 (1837)
= Gentianella moorcroftiana var. falconeri (C.B.Clarke) U.C.Bhattach. & S.Agrawal, Bull. Bot. Surv. India, 22(1-4): 184 1980 (1982)
species :
Gentianella muelleriana (L.G.Adams) Glenny; New Zealand J. Bot. 42(3): 519 (2004)
subspecies :
subsp. muelleriana
Distribution: Australia (Victoria: high altitudes)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Chionogentias muelleriana L.G.Adams, Austr. Syst. Bot., 8(5): 955 (1995)
subspecies :
subsp. alpestris (L.G.Adams) Glenny; New Zealand J. Bot. 42(3): 519 (2004)
Distribution: Australia (New South Wales: Mt. Kosciusko and surroundings)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Chionogentias muelleriana ssp. alpestris L.G.Adams, Austr. Syst. Bot., 8(5): 958 (1995)
subspecies :
subsp. jingerensis (L.G.Adams) Glenny; New Zealand J. Bot. 42(3): 519 (2004)
Distribution: Australia (Australian Capital Territory: Bimberi and Brindabella Ranges)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Chionogentias muelleriana ssp. jingerensis L.G.Adams, Austr. Syst. Bot., 8(5): 957 (1995)
subspecies :
subsp. willisiana (L.G.Adams) Glenny; New Zealand J. Bot. 42(3): 519 (2004)
Distribution: Australia (Victoria: Mt Buller and the northern peaks of the Snowy Range)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Chionogentias muelleriana ssp. willisiana L.G.Adams, Austr. Syst. Bot., 8(5): 959 (1995)
species :
Gentianella multicaulis (Gillies ex Griseb.) Fabris; Bol. Soc. Argentina. Bot. 7: 89 (1958)
Distribution: Bolivia (Tarija); Argentina (Catamarca, Cordoba, La Rioja, Mendoza, San Juan, San Luis); Chile (Atacama, Coquimbo)
83 BOL 85 ARG CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana achalensis Hieron., Bol. Acad. Nac. Cordova, 4: 373 (1881)
= Gentiana coerulescens Gillies ex Griseb., Abh. Ges. Wiss. Gott. 24: (Symb. Fl. Argentina.) 237 (1879)
= Gentiana diffusa var. mendozensis Griseb., Gen. Sp. Gent. 234 (1839)
= Gentiana gilliesii Gilg, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 22(2): 317 (1896), nom. nov. superfl.
= Gentiana mendocina Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 54: Beibl. 36 (1916)
= Gentiana multicaulis Gillies ex Griseb., Gen. et Sp. Gent. 225 (1838)
= Gentiana stuckertii Briq., Candollea 4: 325 (1931)
= Gentianella achalensis (Gilg) T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu, Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 61 (1993)
= Gentianella gilliesii (Gilg) Martic. & Arroyo
= Gentianella mendocina (Gilg) J.S.Pringle, Sida, 11(4): 368 (1986)
species :
Gentianella multiflora (Griseb.) Fabris; Cabrera, Fl. Prov. Jujuy (Inst. Nac. Tecn. Agropec., 13), 8: 68 (1983)
Distribution: Argentina (Jujuy, Salta)
85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana multiflora Griseb., Gött. Abh. 24: 236 (1879)
species :
Gentianella muscoides (Gilg) J.S.Pringle; L. Brako & Zarucchi, Cat. Flow. Pl. Gymn. Peru (Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard., 45): 1255 (1993)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana muscoides Gilg, Fedde, Repert. Nov. Sp. 2: 35 (1906)
= Gentianella muscoides (Gilg) T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu, Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 63 (1993)
species :
Gentianella myriantha (Gilg) Holub; Folia Geobot. & Phytotax., Praha, 2: 117 (1967)
Distribution: Bolivia (La Paz); Argentina (Jujuy, Salta)
83 BOL 85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana jujuyensis Fabris, Not. Mus. La Plata, Bot., 15: 1 17 (1950)
= Gentiana myriantha Gilg, Fedde, Repert. 2: 43 (1906)
= Gentianella myriantha (Gilg) Fabris, Cabrera, Fl. Prov. Jujuy (Inst. Nac. Tecn. Agropec., 13), 8: 74 (1983)
species :
Gentianella neomandonii (R.C.Foster) T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu; Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 63 (1993)
Distribution: Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz)
83 BOL
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana mandonii Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 54: Beibl. 37 (1916)
= Gentiana neomandonii R.C.Foster, Rhodora, 56: 103 (1954)
species :
Gentianella nephostelium J.S.Pringle; Novon 25(4): 460 (2017)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Gentianella nevadensis (Gilg) Weaver & Rüdenberg; J. Arnold Arbor., 56(2): 215 (1975)
Distribution: Venezuela (Lara, Merida, Trujillo); Colombia (Boyacá, Cauca, Cundinamarca, Magdalena, Norte de Santander, Santander); Ecuador
82 CLM VEN 83 ECU
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana nevadensis Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 22: 313 (1896)
species :
Gentianella nitida (Griseb.) Fabris; Bol. Soc. Argentina. Bot. 7: 91 (1958)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana nitida Griseb., Gen. et Sp. Gent. 216 (1838)
species :
Gentianella nummulariifolia (Griseb.) Fabris; Bol. Soc. Argentina. Bot. 8: 169 (1960)
Distribution: Ecuador
83 ECU
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana monnierioides Benth., Pl. Hartw. 227 (1840)
= Gentiana nummulariifolia Griseb., Gen. et Sp. Gent. 228 (1838)
= Gentiana nummulariifolia var. laxa Wedd., Chlor. And. 2: 58 (1859)
species :
Gentianella obtusifolia (F.W.Schmidt) Holub; Folia Geobot. & Phytotax., Praha, 2: 118 (1967)
Name: Rauer Kranzenzian (DE)
Distribution: N- & W-Austria; Germany (Bayern, +Sachsen); E-Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Slovenia; W-Czech Republic
11 CZE GER LIE SWI 13 SLV
Remarks: anisodonta agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Eyrythalia obtusifolia (F.W.Schmidt) Bercht. & J.Presl, Rostl. 1: Gent. 18 (1823)
= Gentiana amarella f. calycina Lebert, 32 (1834)
= Gentiana amarella var. obtusifolia (F.W.Schmidt) Jess., 89 (1879)
= Gentiana aspera f. gentianella (Schmidt) Hegi, 2036 (1927)
= Gentiana aspera Hegetschw., Fl. Schweiz, 210 (1839)
= Gentiana aspera ssp. norica (A.Kern. & Jos.Kern.) Ronniger, 304 (1910)
= Gentiana aspera ssp. sturmiana (A.Kern. & Jos.Kern.) Ronniger, 304 (1910)
= Gentiana aspera var. norica (A.Kern. & Jos.Kern.) Hegi, 2036 (1927)
= Gentiana aspera var. sturmiana (A.Kern. & Jos.Kern.) Hegi, 2036 (1927)
= Gentiana campestris var. obtusifolia (F.W.Schmidt) Pohl, 256 (1809)
= Gentiana germanica ssp. obtusifolia (F.W.Schmidt) Bonnier, Bonnier & R. C. V. Douin, 121 (1924)
= Gentiana germanica var. obtusifolia (F.W.Schmidt) Gren., 494 (1853)
= Gentiana norica A.Kern. & Jos.Kern., Sched. Fl. Exs. Austro-Hung. 6: 56 (1893)
= Gentiana obtusifolia (F.W.Schmidt) Willd., Sp. Pl. 1: 1347 (1798)
= Gentiana obtusifolia var. calycina W.D.J.Koch, 356 (1843)
= Gentiana sturmiana A.Kern. & Jos.Kern., Sched. Fl. Exs. Austro-Hung. 2: 122 (1882)
= Gentiana sturmiana ssp. aspera (Hegetschw.) Murr, 240 (1923), nom. illeg.
= Gentiana sturmiana ssp. norica (A.Kern. & Jos.Kern.) Murr, 240 (1923)
= Gentianella aspera (Hegetschw.) Skalický, Chrtek & J.Gill, Preslia 38: 92 (1966)
= Gentianella aspera ssp. norica (A.Kern. & Jos.Kern.) Vollm.
= Gentianella aspera ssp. sturmiana (A.Kern. & Jos.Kern.) Vollm.
= Gentianella sturmiana (A.Kern. & Jos.Kern.) Börner, 542 (1912)
= Hippion obtusifolium F.W.Schmidt, Fl. Boem. 2: 27 (1796)
species :
Gentianella oellgaardii J.S.Pringle; Fl. Ecuador, 53(159A): 49 (1995)
Distribution: Ecuador
83 ECU
species :
Gentianella oranensis (Fabris) Filippa & Barboza; Kurtziana 30(1-2): 65 (2003)
Distribution: Argentina (Jujuy, Salta)
85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana oranensis Fabris, Notas Mus. La Plata, Bot. 15(76): 120 (fig. 2) (1950)
species :
Gentianella oreosilene (Gilg) J.S.Pringle; L. Brako & Zarucchi, Cat. Flow. Pl. Gymn. Peru (Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard., 45): 1255 (1993)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana oreosilene Gilg, Fedde, Repert. Nov. Sp. 2: 40 (1906)
= Gentianella oreosilene (Gilg) T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu, Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 63 (1993)
= Gentianella pachystemon (Gilg) T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu, Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 63 (1993)
= Gentiana pachystemon Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 54: Beibl. 46 (1916)
species :
Gentianella ottonis (Phil.) Muñoz; Sin. Fl. Chil. 134 (1959)
Distribution: Argentina (Mendoza); Chile (Coquimbo, Valparaíso, Metropolitana de Santiago, Maule)
85 ARG CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana hexamera Phil., Anales Univ. Chile 510 (1873)
= Gentiana ottonis Phil., Linnaea, 33: 1864 177 (1865)
species :
Gentianella palcana (Gilg) T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu; Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 63 (1993)
Distribution: Bolivia (Cochabamba)
83 BOL
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana palcana Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 54: Beibl. 47 (1916)
= Gentiana cerastioides var. emarginata Gilg
species :
Gentianella pallidolilacina (Gilg) T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu; Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 63 (1993)
Distribution: Bolivia (Cochabamba)
83 BOL
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana pallidolilacina Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 54: Beibl. 58 (1916)
species :
Gentianella paludicola (Gilg) J.S.Pringle; L. Brako & Zarucchi, Cat. Flow. Pl. Gymn. Peru (Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard., 45): 1255 (1993)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana paludicola Gilg, Fedde, Repert. Nov. Sp. 2: 42 (1906)
species :
Gentianella parviflora (Griseb.) T.N.Ho; Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 63 (1993)
Distribution: Argentina (Cordoba)
85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana galanderi Hieron., Bol. Acad. Nac. Cordova, 4: 373 (1881)
= Gentiana parviflora Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 22: 321 (1896)
= Gentiana coerulescens var. parviflora Griseb.
species :
Gentianella patula (Cheeseman) Holub; Folia Geobot. & Phytotax., Praha, 3: 218 (1968)
Distribution: New Zealand (Tararua Ranges southwards)
51 NZL
Synonyms: hidden
= Chionogentias patula (Kirk) L.G.Adams, Austr. Syst. Bot., 8(5): 977 (1995)
= Gentiana bellidifolia var. patula Kirk, (1895)
= Gentiana patula (Kirk) Cheeseman, Man. N. Zeal. Fl. 452 (1906)
= Gentiana spedenii Petrie, Trans. & Proc. N. Z. Inst. 56: 14 (1926)
= Gentianella spedenii (Petrie) T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu, Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 65 (1993)
species :
Gentianella pavonii (Griseb.) Fabris; Bol. Soc. Argentina. Bot. 7: 89 (1958)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana multicaulis (D.Don ex G.Don) Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 22: 306 nom. illeg. (1896)
= Gentiana pavonii Griseb., DC. Prod. 9: 94 (1845)
= Selatium multicaule D.Don ex G.Don, Gen. Hist. 4: 196 (1837)
species :
Gentianella pernettyoides (Reimers) Fabris; Bol. Soc. Argentina. Bot. 7: 91 (1958)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana pernettyoides Reimers, Engl. Jahrb. 62: 328 (1929)
species :
Gentianella persquarrosa (Reimers) J.S.Pringle; Sida, 11(4): 368 (1986)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana persquarrosa Reimers, Engl. Jahrb. 62: 332 (1929)
species :
Gentianella peruviana (Griseb.) Fabris; Bol. Soc. Argentina. Bot. 7: 93 (1958)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana limoselloides var. peruviana Griseb., Gen. Sp. Gent. 215 (1839)
= Gentiana peruviana (Griseb.) Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 22: 304 (non Griseb.) (1896)
species :
Gentianella petrophila (Gilg) Zarucchi; L. Brako & Zarucchi, Cat. Flow. Pl. Gymn. Peru (Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard., 45): 1256 (1993)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana petrophila Gilg, Fedde, Repert. Nov. Sp. 2: 42 (1906)
= Gentianella petrophila (Gilg) T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu, Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 64 (1993)
species :
Gentianella pevalekii Bjelcic & E.Mayer; Österr. Bot. Zeitschr., 122(5): 356 (1973)
Distribution: Bosnia & Hercegovina
13 BIH
Remarks: crispata agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana bosnjakii (Pevalek) Pevalek ex Bosnjak, Glasn. Hrvatsk. Prirod. Drustva, Zagreb 1929-36, 41-48: 50 (1936)
= Gentiana crispata ssp. bosnjakii Pevalek, (1936)
= Gentiana pevalekii (Bjelcic & E.Mayer) Greuter, Willdenowia, 11(2): 280 (1981)
= Gentianella crispata ssp. bosnjakii (Pevalek) Bjelcic, Glasn. Zem. Muz. Bosne Herceg. Prir. Nauke, 10: 51 1971 (1972), without basionym ref.
species :
Gentianella pharos J.S.Pringle; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 51(1-2): 120 (2014)
Distribution: Bolivia
83 BOL
species :
Gentianella pilgeriana (Gilg) T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu; Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 64 (1993)
Distribution: Bolivia (La Paz)
83 BOL
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana pilgeriana Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 54: Beibl. 42 (1916)
species :
Gentianella pilosa (Wettst.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. (Praha) 2: 118 (1967)
Distribution: NE-Italy; Slovenia (SE-Alps)
13 ITA SLV
Remarks: germanica agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana pilosa Wettst., Österr. Bot. Zeitschr. 42: 42 (1892)
= Gentianella germanica ssp. pilosa (Wettst.) Hayek, (1930)
species :
Gentianella pleurogynoides (Griseb.) Glenny; New Zealand J. Bot. 42(3): 519 (2004)
subspecies :
subsp. pleurogynoides
Distribution: Australia (alpine regions of Tasmania)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Chionogentias pleurogynoides (Griseb.) L.G.Adams, Austr. Syst. Bot., 8(5): 965 (1995)
= Gentiana pleurogynoides Griseb., Gen. et Sp. Gent. 236 (1838)
= Gentiana saxosa var. pleurogynoides (Griseb.) Hook.fil., Fl. Nov.-Zel. 178 (1853)
subspecies :
subsp. milliganii (L.G.Adams) Glenny; New Zealand J. Bot. 42(3): 519 (2004)
Distribution: Australia (S-Tasmania)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Chionogentias pleurogynoides ssp. milliganii L.G.Adams, Austr. Syst. Bot., 8(5): 967 (1995)
species :
Gentianella pluvialis J.S.Pringle; Novon 21(1): 81 (2011)
Distribution: Bolivia (Cochabamba, Santa Cruz)
83 BOL
species :
Gentianella poculifera (Gilg) Zarucchi; L. Brako & Zarucchi, Cat. Flow. Pl. Gymn. Peru (Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard., 45): 1256 (1993)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana poculifera Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 50: Beibl. 111, 48 (1913)
= Gentianella poculifera (Gilg) T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu, Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 64 (1993)
species :
Gentianella polyantha J.S.Pringle; Fl. Ecuador, 53(159A): 64 (1995)
Distribution: Ecuador
83 ECU
species :
Gentianella polysperes (L.G.Adams) Glenny; New Zealand J. Bot. 42(3): 519 (2004)
Distribution: Australia (Victoria: Gippsland, SE-New South Wales, Australian Capital Territory, Tasmania)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Chionogentias polysperes L.G.Adams, Austr. Syst. Bot., 8(5): 970 (1995)
species :
Gentianella poretzkyi Tzvelev; Bot. Zhurn., 78(6): 136 (1993)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus (Dagestan)
33 NCS
species :
Gentianella porphyrantha (Gilg) Zarucchi; L. Brako & Zarucchi, Cat. Flow. Pl. Gymn. Peru (Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard., 45): 1256 (1993)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana porphyrantha Gilg, Fedde, Repert. Nov. Sp. 2: 39 (1906)
= Gentianella porphyrantha (Gilg) Fabris ex T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu, Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 64 (1993)
species :
Gentianella potamophila (Gilg) Zarucchi; L. Brako & Zarucchi, Cat. Flow. Pl. Gymn. Peru (Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard., 45): 1256 (1993)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentianella potamophila (Gilg) Fabris ex T.N.Ho, Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 64 (1993)
= Gentiana potamophila Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 54: Beibl. 74 (1916)
species :
Gentianella praecox (A.Kern. & Jos.Kern.) Dostál; Klic kvet. CSR, ed. 2: 496 (1958) ex E. Mayer, Biol. Vestn. 16: 26 (1968)
subspecies :
subsp. praecox
Name: Früher Kranzenzian, Karpaten-Kranzenzian (DE)
Distribution: Austria; Bulgaria; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Germany (Sachsen); Slovenia; Poland; Romania; Ukraine; European Russia; Greece; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Macedonia
11 AUT CZE GER POL SLO 13 BIH BUL GRC NMA ROM SLV 14 RUS UKR
Remarks: germanica agg. G. lutescens is frequently treated as separate species
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana austriaca ssp. lutescens (Velen.) Ronniger, 305 (1910)
= Gentiana austriaca var. lutescens (Velen.) Hegi, 2042 (1927)
= Gentiana carpatica (Börner) Wettst., Österr. Bot. Zeitschr. 42: 4(1892), Kern. Sched. Fl. Austro-Hung. 6: 55 (1893), non Kit. (1814)
= Gentiana lutescens var. ionanthe Borbás
= Gentiana lutescens Velen., Sitz. Boehm. Ges. Wiss. (1888) sep. 89, et Fl. Bulg 383 (1891)
= Gentiana praecox A.Kern. & Jos.Kern., A. Kern., 669 (1888)
= Gentiana praeflorens Wettst., Österr. Bot. Zeitschr. 42: 234 (1892)
= Gentianella austriaca f. ionanthe (Borbás) Jovan.-Dunj., Fl. SR Srbije, 5: 432 (1973)
= Gentianella carpatica Börner, Fl. Deut. Volk 542 (1912)
= Gentianella carpaticola Borbás
= Gentianella germanica ssp. carpatica (Börner) Hayek
= Gentianella lutescens (Velen.) Holub, (1967)
= Gentianella lutescens ssp. carpatica (Börner) Holub, Folia Geobot. Phytotax. (Praha) 2: 119 (1967) non Gentiana carpatica Kit.
= Gentianella lutescens var. praeflorens (Wettst.) Tzvelev
= Gentianella lutescens var. umbellata Kozuharov & Petrova, Fl. Nar. Republ. Bulgariya, 8: 484, 416 (1982)
= Gentianella praecox ssp. carpatica (Börner) Hayek
subspecies :
subsp. bohemica (Skalický) Holub; Preslia 70(2): 105 (1998)
Name: Böhmischer Früher Kranzenzian (DE)
Distribution: Germany (Bayern); SW-Czech Republic; NE-Austria
11 AUT CZE GER
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentianella gabretae Skalický, Preslia 41: 146 (1969)
= Gentiana bohemica (Skalický) Oberd.
= Gentianella bohemica Skalický, Preslia 41: 144 (1969)
species :
Gentianella primuloides (Gilg) J.S.Pringle; L. Brako & Zarucchi, Cat. Flow. Pl. Gymn. Peru (Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard., 45): 1256 (1993)
Distribution: Peru; Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz, Santa Cruz)
83 BOL PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana primuloides Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 54: Beibl. 31 (1916)
= Gentianella primuloides (Gilg) T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu, Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 64 (1993)
species :
Gentianella profusa J.S.Pringle; Fl. Ecuador, 53(159A): 127 (1995)
Distribution: Ecuador
83 ECU
species :
Gentianella promethea (Juz.) Holub; Folia Geobot. & Phytotax., Praha, 2: 118 (1967)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Azerbaijan
33 ARM AZE NCS
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana promethea Juz., Sched. Herb. Fl. URSS, 14: Fasc. 82, 60 (1957)
= Gentiana caucasica var. coerulescens Trautv.
species :
Gentianella propinqua (Richardson) J.M.Gillett; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. xli 5: 236 (1957)
subspecies :
subsp. propinqua
Name: Fourpart dwarf gentian
Distribution: Alaska; USA (Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Wyoming); Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Labrador, Manitoba, Newfoundland, Northern Territories, Nunavut, Ontario, Québec, Yukon); Russian Far East
31 RFE 70 ASK 73 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Aloitis propinqua (Richardson) Á.Löve & D.Löve, Taxon, 34(1): 164 (1985)
= Amarella arctophila Greene, Leaflets Bot. Obs. 1: 53 (1904)
= Amarella propinqua (Richardson) Greene, Leaflets Bot. Obs. 1: 53 (1904)
= Arctogenia propinqua (Richardson) Á.Löve & D.Löve, Taxon, 31(2): 352 (1982)
= Gentiana arctophila Griseb., Gen. et Sp. Gent. 251 (1838)
= Gentiana gracilis Cham. & Schltdl., Linnaea, 1: 176 (1826)
= Gentiana propinqua Richardson, Frankl. Narr. 1st. Journ. 734 (1823)
= Gentiana propinqua ssp. arctophila (Griseb.) Hultén, Ark. Bot. (n. s.) 7(1): 108 (1968)
= Gentiana rurikiana Cham. & Schltdl., Linnaea, 1: 176 (1826)
= Gentiana setiflora Bunge, Nouv. Mem. Soc. Nat. Mosc. 1: 242 (1829)
= Gentianella arctophila (Griseb.) A.P.Khokhr.
= Gentianella propinqua ssp. arctophila (Griseb.) Tzvelev, Arktich. Fl. SSSR, 8: 209 (1980)
subspecies :
subsp. aleutica (Cham. & Schltdl.) J.M.Gillett; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 44: 241 (1957)
Name: Fourpart dwarf gentian
Distribution: Aleutes
70 ASK
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana aleutica Cham. & Schltdl., Linnaea, 1: 175 (1826)
= Gentianella aleutica (Cham. & Schltdl.) Holub, Folia Geobot. & Phyto-tax., Praha, 2: 116 (1967)
= Gentianella propinqua var. aleutica (Cham. & Schltdl.) S.L.Welsh, Great Basin Naturalist 28: 152 (1968)
species :
Gentianella pseudazurea (Grubov) Holub; Preslia, 70(2): 105 (1998)
Distribution: Tibet
36 TIB
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana pseudazurea Grubov, J. Jap. Bot., 69(1): 18 (1994)
species :
Gentianella pseudocrassula (Gilg) Fabris; Rev. Invest. Agric., Buenos Aires, 11: 396 (1958)
Distribution: Bolivia (Tarija); Argentina (Jujuy, La Rioja, Salta)
83 BOL 85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana pseudocrassula Gilg, Fedde, Repert. Nov. Sp. 2: 44 (1906)
= Gentianella clarenii (Gilg) Fabris, Rev. Invest. Agric., Buenos Aires, 11: 395 (1958)
= Gentiana clarenii Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 50: Beibl. 111, 48 (1913)
species :
Gentianella pseudolycopodium (Gilg) J.S.Pringle; L. Brako & Zarucchi, Cat. Flow. Pl. Gymn. Peru (Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard., 45): 1256 (1993)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana pseudolycopodium Gilg, Fedde, Repert. Nov. Sp. 2: 38 (1906)
= Gentianella pseudolycopodium (Gilg) T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu, Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 64 (1993)
species :
Gentianella pulla (Griseb.) T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu; Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 64 (1993)
Distribution: Argentina (Catamarca, Salta, Tucuman)
85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana pulla Griseb., Gött. Abh. 19: 209 (1874)
species :
Gentianella punensis (Fabris) Fabris; Rev. Invest. Agric., Buenos Aires, 11: 396 (1958)
Distribution: Argentina (Jujuy, Salta)
85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana punensis Fabris, Not. Mus. LaPlata, Bot., 15: 122 (1950)
species :
Gentianella punicea (Wedd.) Holub; Folia Geobot. & Phytotax., Praha, 2: 118 (1967)
Distribution: Peru; Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz, Oruro, Santa Cruz)
83 BOL PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana buchtienii Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 54: Beibl. 66 (1916)
= Gentiana dolichantha Gilg, Torreya, 5: 109 (1905)
= Gentiana ignea Gilg, Fedde, Repert. Nov. Sp. 2: 49 (1906)
= Gentiana narcissoides Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 54: Beibl. 118, 65 (1916)
= Gentiana odontosepala Gilg, Fedde, Repert. Nov. Sp. 2: 48 (1906)
= Gentiana orobanchoides Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 22: 333 (1896)
= Gentiana punicea Wedd., Chlor. And. 2: 70 (1859)
= Gentiana purpureiflora Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 54: Beibl. 118, 65 (1916)
= Gentianella buchtienii (Gilg) T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu, Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 62 (1993)
= Gentianella ignea (Gilg) T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu, Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 63 (1993)
= Gentianella narcissoides (Gilg) T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu, Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 63 (1993)
= Gentianella odontosepala (Gilg) T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu, Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 63 (1993)
= Gentianella orobanchoides (Gilg) T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu, Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 63 (1993)
species :
Gentianella pygmaea (Regel & Schmalh.) Harry Sm.apud S.Nilsson; Grana Palyn. 7: 144 (1967)
Distribution: Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; China (Qinghai, N-Sichuan, Xinjiang); Tibet; N-India (Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Sikkim, Uttarakhand, Rupshu, Nubra); Afghanistan (Wakhan)
32 KGZ TZK 34 AFG 36 CHI TIB 40 IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Aliopsis pygmaea (Regel & Schmalh.) Omer & Qaiser, Willdenowia, 21(1-2): 190 (1991)
= Gentiana arenaria Maxim. ex Hemsl., Journ. Linn. Soc. 35: 191 (1902)
= Gentiana pygmaea Regel & Schmalh., Regel, Pl. Nov. Fedtsch. 54
= Gentiana thomsonii C.B.Clarke, Hook. fil. Fl. Brit. Ind. 4: 109 (1883)
= Gentianella thomsonii (C.B.Clarke) U.C.Bhattach. & S.Agrawal, Bull. Bot. Surv. India, 22(1-4): 184 1980 (1982)
species :
Gentianella pyrostelium J.S.Pringle; Novon 21(1): 83 (2011)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Gentianella quechuana M.Zárate; Brittonia 68(1): 46 (2015)
Distribution: Bolivia
83 BOL
species :
Gentianella quinquefolia (L.) Small; Fl. S. E. U. S. 929 (1903)
subspecies :
subsp. quinquefolia
Name: Agueweed (EN)
Distribution: USA (Connecticut, Georgia, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, North Carolina, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, Vermont, West Virginia); Canada (Ontario); Germany [I]
11 ger 75 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Aloitis parviflora Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 21 (1837)
= Amarella amarelloides (Michx.) Greene, Leaflets Bot. Obs. 1: 53 (1904)
= Gentiana amarelloides Michx., Fl. Bor. Amer. 1: 175 (1803)
= Gentiana kentukensis Pers., Syn. 1: 286 (1805)
= Gentiana quinquefolia L., Sp. Pl. 230 (1753)
= Hippion quinquefolium (L.) F.W.Schmidt, Roem. Arch. 1: I. 11 (1796)
subspecies :
subsp. occidentalis (A.Gray) J.M.Gillett; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 44: 245 (1957)
Distribution: USA (Arkansas, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, Ohio, Tennessee, Virginia, Wisconsin); Canada (Ontario)
74 USA 75 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Aloitis quinquefolia ssp. occidentalis (A.Gray) Á.Löve & D.Löve, Taxon, 34(1): 164 (1985)
= Gentiana quinquefolia var. occidentalis A.Gray, Manual (Gray) 359 (1848) ex Hitchc., Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 5: 508 (1891)
= Gentianella occidentalis (A.Gray) Small, Man. S. E. Fl. [Small] 1052 (1933)
= Gentianella quinquefolia var. occidentalis (A.Gray) Small, Fl. S. E. U. S. [Small]. 929, 1336 (1903)
species :
Gentianella quipuscoana J.S.Pringle; Arnaldoa 24(1): 10 (2017)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Gentianella radicata (Griseb.) J.S.Pringle; Sida, 11(4): 368 (1986)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana barbeyana Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 22: 310 (1896)
= Gentiana radicata Griseb., Gen. et Sp. Gent. 229 (1838)
species :
Gentianella raimondiana (Wedd.) J.S.Pringle; L. Brako & Zarucchi, Cat. Flow. Pl. Gymn. Peru (Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard., 45): 1256 (1993)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana raimondiana Wedd., Chlor. And. 2: 310 (1859)
= Gentianella raimondiana (Wedd.) T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu, Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 64 (1993)
species :
Gentianella ramosa (Hegetschw.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. (Praha) 2: 118 (1967)
Distribution: S-Switzerland; NW-Italy (C- & SW-Alps)
11 SWI 13 ITA
Remarks: germanica agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana ramosa Hegetschw., Beytr. Aufzähl. Schweizerpfl. 326, 331 (1831)
species :
Gentianella rapunculoides (Willd. ex Schult.) J.S.Pringle; Phytologia, 48(4): 284 (1981)
Distribution: Colombia (Cauca, Nariño); Ecuador
82 CLM 83 ECU
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana brachysepala Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 22: 328 (1896)
= Gentiana caerulescens Gillies ex Wedd., Chlor. And. 2: 66 (1859)
= Gentiana diffusa Kunth, Nov. Gen. et Sp. 3: 172 (1818), nom. illeg.
= Gentiana diffusa var. swertioides (Griseb.) Cuatrec.
= Gentiana hookeri Griseb., Gen. et Sp. Gent. 362 (1838)
= Gentiana jamesonii Griseb., Gen. et Sp. Gent. 219 (1838)
= Gentiana rapunculoides Willd. ex Schult., Syst. 6: 185 (1820)
= Gentiana sabbatioides Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 22: 328 (1896)
= Gentiana stricta Willd. ex Schult., Syst. 6: 185 (1820)
= Gentiana swertioides Griseb., Gen. et Sp. Gent. 233 (1838)
= Gentianella diffusa (Kunth) Fabris, Bol. Soc. Argentina. Bot. 8: 179 (1960), nom. illeg.
= Gentianella hookeri (Griseb.) Fabris, Bol. Soc. Argentina. Bot. 8: 177 (1960)
species :
Gentianella rhaetica (A.Kern. & Jos.Kern.) Á.Löve & D.Löve; Bot. Notiser 114: 42 (1961)
Distribution: Austria; Liechtenstein; Switzerland; N-Italy; France; Slovenia; Germany (Bayern); ?Croatia; ?Bosnia & Hercegovina; ?Romania; ?Bulgaria
11 AUT GER LIE SWI 12 FRA 13 ITA SLV
Remarks: germanica agg. Greimler et al. (2011) have shown by molecular analysis that this is a distinct species from G. germanica
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana rhaetica A.Kern. & Jos.Kern., Sched. Fl. Austro-Hung. 2: 124 (1882)
= Gentiana rhaetica ssp. kerneri Wettst.
= Gentiana aspera var. kerneri (Dörfl. & Wettst.) Braun-Blanq., 1122 (1934)
= Gentianella stiriaca Wettst.
species :
Gentianella rima (D.Don ex G.Don) Fabris; Bol. Soc. Argentina. Bot. 7: 90 (1958)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana exacoides Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 22: 329 (1896), nom. illeg.
= Gentiana rima D.Don ex G.Don, Gen. Hist. 4: 181 (1837)
species :
Gentianella riojae (Gilg) Fabris ex J.S.Pringle; Sida, 11(4): 368 (1986)
Distribution: Argentina (La Rioja)
85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana riojae Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 22: 319 (1896)
species :
Gentianella roseolilacina (Gilg) J.S.Pringle; L. Brako & Zarucchi, Cat. Flow. Pl. Gymn. Peru (Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard., 45): 1256 (1993)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana roseolilacina Gilg, Fedde, Repert. Nov. Sp. 2: 35 (1906)
= Gentianella roseolilacina (Gilg) T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu, Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 64 (1993), as ´roseo-lilacina´
species :
Gentianella rugicalyx J.S.Pringle; Novon 21(1): 85 (2011)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Gentianella ruizii (Griseb.) Holub; Folia Geobot. & Phytotax. Praha, 2: 118 (1967)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Eurythalia umbellata D.Don ex G.Don, Gen. Hist. 4: 187 (1837)
= Gentiana lobbii Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 54: Beibl. 60 (1916)
= Gentiana ruizii Griseb., DC. Prod. 9: 96 (1845)
= Gentiana umbellata Ruiz & Pav. ex G.Don, Gen. Hist. 4: 187 nom. nud. pro syn. (1837)
= Gentianella lobbii (Gilg) T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu, Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 63 (1993)
species :
Gentianella rupicola (Kunth) Holub; Folia Geobot. & Phytotax. Praha, 2: 118 (1967)
Distribution: Ecuador
83 ECU
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana campanuloides Willd. ex Schult., Syst. 6: 184 (1820)
= Gentiana rupicola Kunth, Nov. Gen. et Sp. 3: 167 (1818)
species :
Gentianella sagasteguii J.S.Pringle; Novon 18(4): 513 (2008)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Gentianella sanchezii J.S.Pringle; Novon 21(1): 87 (2011)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Gentianella sancti-mathaei (R.C.Foster) T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu; Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 64 (1993)
Distribution: Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz, Santa Cruz)
83 BOL
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana sancti-matthaei R.C.Foster, Rhodora, 56: 103 (1954)
= Gentiana praticola Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 54: Beibl. 46 (1916), non Franch.
species :
Gentianella sanctorum (Gilg) J.S.Pringle; Phytologia, 48(4): 284 (1981)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana sanctorum Gilg, Fedde, Repert. Nov. Sp. 2: 41 (1906)
species :
Gentianella sandiensis (Gilg) J.S.Pringle; L. Brako & Zarucchi, Cat. Flow. Pl. Gymn. Peru (Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard., 45): 1256 (1993)
Distribution: Peru; Bolivia (La Paz)
83 BOL PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana sandiensis Gilg, Fedde, Repert. Nov. Sp. 2: 36 (1906)
= Gentianella sandiensis (Gilg) T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu, Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 64 (1993)
species :
Gentianella saposhnikovii (Pachom.) Czerep.; Vasc. Pl. Russia & Adj. States (former USSR): 270 (1995)
Distribution: Kyrgyzstan; Kazakhstan
32 KAZ KGZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana saposhnikovii Pachom., Opred. Rast. Sred. Azii, 8: 170 (1986)
species :
Gentianella saxicola (Griseb.) J.S.Pringle; L. Brako & Zarucchi, Cat. Flow. Pl. Gymn. Peru (Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard., 45): 1256 (1993)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana saxicola Griseb., Gen. et Sp. Gent. 216 (1838)
= Gentianella saxicola (Griseb.) T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu, Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 64 (1993)
species :
Gentianella saxifragoides (Kunth) Fabris; Bol. Soc. Argentina. Bot. 8: 174 (1960)
Distribution: Peru; Ecuador
83 ECU PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana saxifragoides Kunth, Nov. Gen. et Sp. 3: 168 (1818)
species :
Gentianella saxosa (G.Forst.) Holub; Folia Geobot. & Phytotax. Praha, 3: 218 (1968)
Distribution: New Zealand (incl. Stewart Isl.)
51 NZL
Synonyms: hidden
= Chionogentias saxosa (G.Forst.) L.G.Adams, Austr. Syst. Bot., 8(5): 978 (1995)
= Ciminalis saxosa (G.Forst.) Bercht. & J.Presl, Rostl. 1: Gentian. 11 (1823)
= Gentiana hookeri J.B.Armstr.
= Gentiana saxosa G.Forst., Kongl. Vetensk. Acad. Handl. 38: 184 (1777)
= Oreophylax saxosus (G.Forst.) Á.Löve, Taxon, 32(3): 511 (1983)
= Pneumonanthe saxosa (G.Forst.) F.W.Schmidt, Roem. Arch. 1: t. (1796) 1
species :
Gentianella scarlatiflora (Gilg) J.S.Pringle; L. Brako & Zarucchi, Cat. Flow. Pl. Gymn. Peru (Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard., 45): 1256 (1993)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana scarlatiflora Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 50: Beibl. 111, 49 (1913)
= Gentianella scarlatiflora (Gilg) T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu, Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 64 (1993)
species :
Gentianella scarlatina (Gilg) J.S.Pringle; L. Brako & Zarucchi, Cat. Flow. Pl. Gymn. Peru (Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard., 45): 1256 (1993)
Distribution: Peru; Bolivia (Cochabamba)
83 BOL PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana scarlatina Gilg, Fedde, Repert. Nov. Sp. 2: 36 (1906)
= Gentianella scarlatina (Gilg) T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu, Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 64 (1993)
species :
Gentianella scarlatinostriata (Gilg) Zarucchi; L. Brako & Zarucchi, Cat. Flow. Pl. Gymn. Peru (Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard., 45): 1256 (1993)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana scarlatinostriata Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 54: Beibl. 118, 67 (1916)
= Gentianella scarlatinostriata (Gilg) T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu, Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 64 (1993), as ´scarlatino-striata´:
species :
Gentianella scopulorum (Wedd.) Fabris ex T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu; Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 64 (1993)
Distribution: Bolivia (Chuquisaca)
83 BOL
Conservation Status: Known only from type
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana scopulorum Wedd., Chlor. And. 2: 67 (1859)
species :
Gentianella scopulorum Glenny; New Zealand J. Bot. 42(3): 508 (2004), nom. illeg., non (Wed.) Fabris
Distribution: S-New Zealand
51 NZL
species :
Gentianella selaginifolia (Griseb.) Fabris; Bol. Soc. Argentina. Bot. 8: 25 (1959)
Distribution: Ecuador; Colombia (Boyacá, Caldas, Cauca, Nariño, Quindío, Risaralda, Tolima, Valle)
82 CLM 83 ECU
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana dasyantha Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 22: 309 (1896)
= Gentiana nummulariifolia Benth., Pl. Hartw. 228 (1840)
= Gentiana selaginifolia Griseb., Linnaea, 22: 42 (1849)
= Gentianella dasyantha (Gilg) Fabris, Bol. Soc. Argentina. Bot. 8: 183 (1960)
species :
Gentianella serotina (Cockayne) T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu; Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 64 (1993)
Distribution: New Zealand
51 NZL
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana serotina Cockayne, Trans. N. Z. Inst., 47: 113 (1914) (1915)
= Chionogentias serotina (Cockayne) L.G.Adams, Austr. Syst. Bot., 8(5): 978 (1995)
= Oreophylax serotinus (Cockayne) Á.Löve, Taxon, 32(3): 511 (1983)
species :
Gentianella setipes (Gilg) J.S.Pringle; L. Brako & Zarucchi, Cat. Flow. Pl. Gymn. Peru (Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard., 45): 1256 (1993)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana setipes Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 54: Beibl. 43 (1916)
= Gentianella setipes (Gilg) T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu, Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 64 (1993)
species :
Gentianella sibirica (Kuzn.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8(2): 171 (1973)
Distribution: Siberia (W-Siberia); Tajikistan; Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Mongolia; Afghanistan (Wakhan, Takhar)
30 SIB 32 KAZ KGZ TZK 34 AFG 37 MON
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana aurea var. sibirica Kuzn.
= Gentiana pamirica Grossh., Kom., Fl. URSS, 18: 751 (1952)
= Gentiana sibirica (Kuzn.) Grossh., Kom., Fl. URSS, 18: 612 (1952)
= Gentianella pamirica (Grossh.) Holub, Folia Geobot. & Phytotax., Praha, 2: 118 (1967)
= Gentianella umbellata var. sibirica (Kuzn.) Serg.
species :
Gentianella silenoides (Gilg) Fabris; Cabrera, Fl. Prov. Jujuy (Inst. Nac. Tecn. Agropec., 13), 8: 68 (1983)
Distribution: Argentina (Salta)
85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana silenoides Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 22: 319 (1896)
variant :
var. striaticalyx (Gilg) T.N.Ho; Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 64 (1993)
Distribution: Bolivia (Cochabamba, Tarija); Argentina (Salta)
83 BOL 85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana anthosphaera Gilg, Fedde, Repert. Nov. Sp. 2: 46 (1906)
= Gentiana herzogii Gilg, Engl., Bot. Jahrb. 54, Beibl. 118: 57 (1916)
= Gentiana striaticalyx Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 54: Beibl. 56 (1916)
= Gentianella anthosphaera (Gilg) Fabris, Cabrera, Fl. Prov. Jujuy (Inst. Nac. Tecn. Agropec., 13), 8: 77 (1983), comb. superfl.
= Gentianella anthosphaera (Gilg) Holub, Folia Geobot. Phytotax., Praha, 2: 116 (1967)
species :
Gentianella smithii (Omer) comb.ined.; non Pringle 2008
Distribution: Pakistan
40 PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Aloitis smithii Omer, Fl. Pakistan, 197: 121 (1995)
species :
Gentianella smithii J.S.Pringle; Novon 18(4): 514 (2008)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Gentianella soratensis (Gilg) T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu; Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 65 (1993)
Distribution: Bolivia (La Paz)
83 BOL
Conservation Status: Known only from type
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana soratensis Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 22: 332 (1896)
species :
Gentianella speciosissima (Gilg) Zarucchi; L. Brako & Zarucchi, Cat. Flow. Pl. Gymn. Peru (Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard., 45): 1256 (1993)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Gerdiana speciosissima Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 22: 325 (1896)
= Gentianella speciosissima (Gilg) T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu, Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 65 (1993)
species :
Gentianella spenceri (Kirk) T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu; Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 65 (1993)
Distribution: New Zealand (NW-Nelson, Westland)
51 NZL
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana spenceri Kirk, Trans. N. Z. Inst. 27: 1894 335 (1895)
= Chionogentias spenceri (Kirk) L.G.Adams, Austr. Syst. Bot., 8(5): 978 (1995)
species :
Gentianella splendens (Gilg) Fabris; Bol. Soc. Argentina. Bot. 8: 187 (1960)
Distribution: Ecuador
83 ECU
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana splendens Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 54: Beibl. 118, 74 (1916)
species :
Gentianella stellata Glenny; New Zealand J. Bot. 42(3): 512 (2004)
Distribution: S-New Zealand
51 NZL
species :
Gentianella stenosepala (Gilg) T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu; Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 65 (1993)
Distribution: Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz)
83 BOL
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana stenosepala Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 22: 331 (1896)
species :
Gentianella stoliczkae (C.B.Clarke) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax., 8(2): 171 (1973)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Badakshan, Wakhan); NE-Pakistan (Gilgit); NW-India (Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Uttarakhand, Ladakh)
34 AFG 40 IND PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Aloitis stoliczkae (C.B.Clarke) Omer, Qaiser & Ali, Pakistan J. Bot., 20(2): 159 (1988)
= Gentiana stoliczkae Kurz ex C.B.Clarke, Journ. Linn. Soc. 14: 433 (1875)
species :
Gentianella sugawarae (H.Hara) Czerep.; Sosud. Rast. SSSR: see Satake in Bull. Nat. Sci. Mus. Tokyo, 256 (1981), comb. superfl., n. s., 4: 275 (1959)
Distribution: Russian Far East (Sakhalin)
31 RFE
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana sugawarae Hara, Journ. Jap. Bot. 21: 147 (1947)
= Gentianella sugawarae (Hara) Satake, Bull. Nat. Sci. Mus., Tokyo. n. s., 4: (No. 43) 275 (1959)
= Gentiana paludicola Koidz. ex Sugaw., (1937) non Gilg (1906)
species :
Gentianella sulphurea (Gilg) Fabris; Bol. Soc. Argentina. Bot. 8: 172 (1960)
Distribution: Ecuador
83 ECU
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana sulphurea Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 22: 308 (1896)
species :
Gentianella sylvicola (L.G.Adams) Glenny; New Zealand J. Bot. 42(3): 519 (2004)
Distribution: Australia (Australian Capital Territory: Namadgi Natl Park)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Chionogentias sylvicola L.G.Adams, Austr. Syst. Bot., 8(5): 972 (1995)
species :
Gentianella tarahumarae G.L.Nesom; Phytologia, 70(1): 15 (1991)
Distribution: Mexico (Chihuahua)
79 MEX
species :
Gentianella tarapacana (Gilg) T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu; Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 65 (1993)
Distribution: Chile (Tarapacá, Antofagasta)
85 CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana tarapacana Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 22: 305 (1896)
species :
Gentianella tenuifolia (Petrie) T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu; Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 65 (1993)
Distribution: New Zealand (NW-Nelson to Lewis Pass)
51 NZL
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana tenuifolia Petrie, Trans. N. Z. Inst., 45: 270 (1912) (1913)
= Chionogentias tenuifolia (Petrie) L.G.Adams, Austr. Syst. Bot., 8(5): 978 (1995)
species :
Gentianella tereticaulis (Petrie) T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu; Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 65 (1993)
Distribution: New Zealand (Nelson Mts. to Fiordland)
51 NZL
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana tereticaulis Petrie, Trans. N. Z. Inst., 49: 51 (1916) (1917)
= Chionogentias tereticaulis (Petrie) L.G.Adams, Austr. Syst. Bot., 8(5): 978 (1995)
species :
Gentianella thiosphaera (Gilg) Holub; Folia Geobot. & Phytotax., Praha, 2: 118 (1967)
Distribution: Argentina (Salta, Tucuman)
85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana thiosphaera Gilg, Fedde, Repert. Nov. Sp. 2: 46 (1906)
= Gentiana comarapana Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 54: Beibl. 118, 82 (1916)
= Gentiana meyeri Fabris, Notas Mus. La Plata, Bot. 14(68): 71, fig. 1 (1949)
variant :
var. macroclada (Gilg) T.N.Ho; Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 65 (1993)
Distribution: Bolivia (Tarija)
83 BOL
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana macroclada Gilg, Fedde, Repert. Nov. Sp. 51: 47 (1906)
species :
Gentianella thyrsoidea (Hook.) Fabris; Bol. Soc. Argentina. Bot. 7: 88 (1958)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana pinifolia Ruiz & Pav. ex G.Don, Gen. Hist. 4: 182 (1837)
= Gentiana thyrsoidea Hook., Bot. Misc. 2: 227 (1831)
= Pitygentias pinifolia (R. & P ex D.Don) Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 54: Beibl. 118, 90 (1916)
= Pitygentias thyrsoidea (Hook.) Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 54: Beibl. 91 (1916)
= Selatium thyrsoideum (Hook.) G.Don, Gen. Hist. 4: 196 (1837)
species :
Gentianella tischkovii (Grubov) Holub; Preslia, 70(2): 105 (1998)
Distribution: Tibet
36 TIB
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana tischkovii Grubov, J. Jap. Bot., 69(1): 21 (1994)
species :
Gentianella tortuosa (M.E.Jones) J.M.Gillett; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 44: 248 (1957)
Name: Cathedral Bluff dwarf gentian
Distribution: USA (Colorado, Nevada, Utah)
73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Amarella tortuosa (M.E.Jones) Rydb., Bull. Torr. Bot. Club, 40: 463 (1913)
= Gentiana tortuosa M.E.Jones, Proc. Calif. Acad. Ser. II. 5: 707 (1895)
species :
Gentianella totorensis (Gilg) J.S.Pringle; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 51(1-2): 123 (2014)
Distribution: Bolivia
83 BOL
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana totorensis Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 54: Beibl. 118, 84 (1916)
species :
Gentianella tovariana Fabris; Bol. Soc. Argentina. Bot. 6: 45 (1955)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Gentianella transalaica (Pachom. & Tajdshan.) Czerep.; Vasc. Pl. Russia & Adj. States (former USSR): 270 (1995)
Distribution: Kyrgyzstan
32 KGZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana transalaica Pachom. & Tajdshan., Opred. Rast. Sred. Azii, 8: 171 (1986)
species :
Gentianella trichostemma (Wedd.) J.S.Pringle; Novon 28(1): 40 (2020)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana trichostemma Wedd., Chlor. And. 2: 56 (1859)
species :
Gentianella tristicha (Gilg) J.S.Pringle; L. Brako & Zarucchi, Cat. Flow. Pl. Gymn. Peru (Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard., 45): 1256 (1993)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana tristicha Gilg, Fedde, Repert. Nov. Sp. 2: 39 (1906)
= Gentianella tristicha (Gilg) Fabris ex T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu, Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 65 (1993)
= Gentianella mesembrianthemoides (Gilg) T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu, Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 63 (1993)
= Gentiana mesembrianthemoides Gilg, Fedde, Repert. Nov. Sp. 2 (1906)
species :
Gentianella tubulosa (Gilg) Fabris; Cabrera, Fl. Prov. Jujuy (Inst. Nac. Tecn. Agropec., 13), 8: 77 (1983)
Distribution: Argentina (Jujuy, Salta)
85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana limoselloides var. tubulosa Griseb., Gen. Sp. Gent. 215 (1839)
= Gentiana tubulosa (Griseb.) Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 22: 315 (1896), nom. illeg.
species :
Gentianella tumailica M.Shabir, Agnihotri, J.K.Tiwari & T.Husain; Nordic J. Bot. 36(6)-e01919: 3 (2018)
Distribution: NW-India (Ladakh)
40 IND
species :
Gentianella turkestanorum (Gand.) Holub; Folia Geobot. & Phytotax., Praha, 2: 118 (1967)
Distribution: Siberia (W-Siberia); Kazakhstan; Tajikistan; Kyrgyzstan; China (N-Xinjiang); Uzbekistan; Mongolia
30 SIB 32 KAZ KGZ TZK UZB 36 CHI 37 MON
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana turkestanorum Gand., Bull. Soc. Bot. France, 65: 60 (1918)
species :
Gentianella uberula J.S.Pringle; Novon 18(4): 515 (2008)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Gentianella uliginosa (Willd.) Börner; Fl. Deutsche Volk 542 (1912)
Name: Sumpf-Kranzenzian (DE)
Distribution: England; Denmark; Finland; ?France; Germany (Brandenburg, +Berlin, +Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, +Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Schleswig-Holstein); Netherlands; Norway; Poland; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; C-European Russia; W-European Russia; Sweden
10 DEN FIN GRB NOR SWE 11 GER NET POL 14 EST LAT LIT RUS
Remarks: amarella agg. Inclusion of G. anglica fide Greimler et al. 2011
Synonyms: hidden
= Eyrythalia uliginosa Bercht. & J.Presl, Rostl. 1: Gent. 17 (1823)
= Gentiana amarella f. uliginosa (Willd.) R.Uechtr., 187 (1878)
= Gentiana amarella var. lancifolia (Rafn) Ortmann, Glückselig, 91 (1842)
= Gentiana amarella var. uliginosa (Willd.) Rchb., (1831)
= Gentiana anglica Pugsley, Journ. Bot., Lond., 74: 167, 170 (1936)
= Gentiana uliginosa Willd., Sp. Pl. 1: 1347 (1798)
= Gentianella amarella ssp. uliginosa (Willd.) Tzvelev, Fl. Evropeiskoi Chasti SSSR, 3: 78 (1978)
= Gentianella amarella var. uliginosa (Willd.) P.D.Sell, Fl. Gr. Brit. Ireland (2009)
= Gentianella anglica (Pugsley) E.F.Warb., Clapham, Tutin & E. F. Warb., Fl. Brit. Isl. 826 (1952)
= Gentianella anglica ssp. cornubiensis N.M.Pritch., Watsonia 4: 184 (1959)
= Gentianella uliginosa (Willd.) Harry Sm., Hylander, Nomencl. u. Syst. Stud. Nord. Gefasspfl. (Uppsala Univ. Arsskr.,No. 7) 259 (1945) comb. superfl.
species :
Gentianella umbellata (M.Bieb.) Holub; Folia Geobot. & Phytotax., Praha, 2: 118 (1967)
subspecies :
subsp. umbellata
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Turkey (E-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia); Iran (EC-Iran, N-Iran)
33 ARM GEO NCS 34 IRN TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana umbellata M.Bieb., Fl. Taur.-Caucasus 3: 188 (1819)
= Aloitis umbellata (M.Bieb.) Omer, Qaiser & Ali, Pakistan J. Bot., 20(2): 157 (1988)
subspecies :
subsp. longicarpa (Gilli) N.M.Pritch.; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh, 35(3): 311 (1977)
Distribution: Iran; Afghanistan (Badakshan, Wakhan, Baghlan, Bamyan, Parwan, Takhar); Turkey
34 AFG IRN TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana umbellata ssp. longicarpa (Gilli) Greuter, Willdenowia, 11(2): 280 (1981)
= Gentianella longicarpa (Gilli) Holub, Folia Geobot. Phytotax., 8(2): 171 (1973)
= Gentiana longicarpa Gilli, Fedde, Repert. 63: 327 (1961)
species :
Gentianella undulatisepala J.S.Pringle; Novon 22(2): 218 (2012)
Distribution: Bolivia (La Paz)
83 BOL
species :
Gentianella vaginalis (Griseb.) J.S.Pringle; Sida, 11(4): 368 (1986)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana vaginalis Griseb., Gen. et Sp. Gent. 215 (1838)
species :
Gentianella vargasii Fabris; Bol. Soc. Argentina. Bot. 7: 86 (1958)
Distribution: Peru; Bolivia (La Paz)
83 BOL PER
species :
Gentianella vernicosa (Cheeseman) T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu; Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 65 (1993)
Distribution: New Zealand
51 NZL
Synonyms: hidden
= Chionogentias gracilifolia (Cheeseman) L.G.Adams, Austr. Syst. Bot., 8(5): 977 (1995)
= Chionogentias vernicosa (Cheeseman) L.G.Adams, Austr. Syst. Bot., 8(5): 978 (1995)
= Gentiana gracilifolia Cheeseman, Man. N. Zeal. Fl. 1144 (1906)
= Gentiana vernicosa Cheeseman, Man. N. Zeal. Fl. 1145 (1906)
= Gentianella gracilifolia (Cheeseman) T.N.Ho & S.W.Liu, Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 62 (1993)
= Oreophylax vernicosus (Cheeseman) Á.Löve, Taxon, 32(3): 511 (1983)
species :
Gentianella violacea (D.Don ex G.Don) Fabris; Bol. Soc. Argentina. Bot. 7: 89 (1958)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana hebenstreidtioides Gilg
= Gentiana violacea Ruiz & Pav. ex G.Don, Gen. Hist. 4: 195 (1837)
= Glyphospermum violaceum D.Don ex G.Don, Gen. Syst. 4: 195 (1836)
species :
Gentianella viridiflora Pfanzelt & Sylvester; Phytotaxa 222(4): 284 (2015)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Gentianella waygecha J.S.Pringle & J.R.Grant; Brittonia 64(3): 285 (2012)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Gentianella weberbaueri (Gilg) Fabris; Bol. Soc. Argentina. Bot. 7: 93 (1958)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana weberbaueri Gilg, Fedde, Repert. Nov. Sp. 2: 51 (1906)
species :
Gentianella weigendii J.S.Pringle; Novon 22(1): 70 (2012)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Gentianella wislizenii (Engelm.) J.M.Gillett; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 44: 235 (1957)
Name: Chiricahua Mountain dwarf gentian
Distribution: USA (Arizona); Mexico (Chihuahua, Durango, Sonora)
76 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Amarella wislizenii (Engelm.) Greene, Leaflets Bot. Obs. 1: 53 (1904)
= Gentiana wislizenii Engelm., Trans. Acad. Sc. St. Louis, 2: 215. t. 7 (1863)
species :
Gentianella wrightii (A.Gray) Holub; Folia Geobot. & Phytotax., Praha, 2: 118 (1967)
Name: Wright´s dwarf gentian
Distribution: USA (Arizona, New Mexico); Mexico (Sonora)
76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentianella amarella ssp. wrightii (A.Gray) J.M.Gillett, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 44: 259 (1957)
= Gentiana townsendii Briq., Candollea, 4: 329 (1931)
= Amarella wrightii (A.Gray) Greene, Leaflets Bot. Obs. 1: 53 (1904)
= Gentiana wrightii A.Gray, Syn. Fl. N. Am. 2: I. 118 (1878)
species :
Gentianella yanachagensis J.S.Pringle; Novon 25(4): 462 (2017)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Gentianella zaratei J.S.Pringle; Novon 24(2): 182 (2015)
Distribution: Bolivia
83 BOL
species :
Gentianella ×aerimontana S.E.Fröhner; (1965)
Distribution: Germany (Sachsen)
11 GER
Remarks: Gentianella amarella x campestris
species :
Gentianella ×davidiana T.C.G.Rich.; Watsonia, 21(4): 322 (1997)
Distribution: Great Britain
10 GRB
Remarks: Gentianella amarella x anglica
species :
Gentianella ×macrocalyx (Celak.) Dostál; 10 (1984)
Distribution: Germany (Bayern, Sachsen)
11 GER
Remarks: Gentianella campestris x germanica
...

A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


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Covering 354,183 valid species, 9,038 hybrids, 58,691 valid infraspecific taxa and 933,256 synonyms, in total 1,355,167 names


Ferns, Lycophytes, Gymnosperms, Basal Angiosperms, Mono- and Dicotyledonae

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