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Ver. 19.3
June 16th, 2024

450.0000 Family Asteraceae Dumort.; Comment. Bot. 55 (1822)
1620 genera, ca. 29.000 spp. (35.000 spp. incl. microspecies). Systematics taken mostly from Funk et al. (2009, 2020) and other recent publications. Barnadesioideae might be its own family, related to Calyceraceae.
Species listed in database: 35264; hybrids: 683
= Acarnaceae Link; (1829)
= Ambrosiaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 254 (1820), nom. cons.
= Anthemidaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 254 (1820)
= Aposeridaceae Raf.; New Fl. N. Amer. 4: 106 (1838)
= Arctotaceae Bessey; Nebraska Univ. Stud. 14: 107 (1914)
= Arctotidaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 255 (1820)
= Artemisiaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 48 (1820)
= Athanasiaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 56 (1820)
= Calendulaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 254 (1820)
= Carduaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 255 (1820)
= Carlinaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 255 (1820)
= Centaureaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 255 (1820)
= Cichoriaceae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 168 (1789), nom. cons.
= Cnicaceae Vest; Anleit. Stud. Bot.: 273, 297 (1818)
= Compositae Giseke; Prael. Ord. Nat. Pl.: 538 (1792), nom. cons.
= Coreopsidaceae Link; Handbuch 1: 768 (1829)
= Cynaraceae Burnett; Outlines Bot.: 926, 931, 1094, 1111 (1835)
= Echinopaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 255 (1820)
= Eupatoriaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 253 (1820)
= Gnaphaliaceae Link ex F.Rudolphi; Syst. Orb. Veg.: 46 (1830)
= Grindeliaceae Rchb. ex A.Heller; Muhlenbergia 2: 330 (1907)
= Heleniaceae Raf.; Cincinnati Lit. Gaz. 2: 28 (1824)
= Helianthaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 254 (1820)
= Helichrysaceae Link; Handbuch 1: 712 (1829)
= Inulaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 254 (1820)
= Ivaceae Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 1: 31 (1837)
= Lactucaceae Drude; J. A. Schenk, Handb. Bot. 3(2): 369 (1886)
= Lapsanaceae Martinov; (1820)
= Madiaceae A.Heller; Muhlenbergia 2: 332 (1907)
= Matricariaceae Voigt; Hort. Suburb. Calcutt.: 400 (1845)
= Mutisiaceae Burnett; Outlines Bot.: 934, 935, 1094, 1111 (1835)
= Nassauviaceae Burmeist.; Handb. Naturgesch.: 290 (1836)
= Partheniaceae Link; Handbuch 1: 816 (1829)
= Perdiciaceae Link; Handbuch 1: 728 (1829)
= Picridaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 482 (1820)
= Santolinaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 560 (1820)
= Senecionaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 254 (1820)
= Serratulaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 577 (1820)
= Tanacetaceae Vest; Anleit. Stud. Bot.: 273, 298 (1818)
= Tussilagaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 254 (1820)
= Vernoniaceae Burmeist.; Handb. Naturgesch.: 296 (1836)
= Xanthiaceae Vest; Anleit. Stud. Bot.: 273, 298 (1818)
= Xeranthemaceae Döll; Rhein. Fl.: 498 (1843)
450.6746 Genus Glebionis Cass.; Dict. Sci. Nat. 41: 41 (1826)
Distribution: Europe, N-Africa, Cyprus, Asia Minor, Northern Caucasus, Syria, NW-Iran
Species listed in database: 3
= Xanthophthalmum Sch.Bip.; Tanacet. 17 (1844)
= Ismelia Cass.; Cuvier, Dict. Sci. Nat. ed. 2. 41: 40 (1826)
species :
Glebionis carinata (Schousb.) Tzvelev; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 84(7): 117 (1999)
Name: Buntwucherblume (DE)
Distribution: Norway [I]; Germany [I]; Poland [I]; France [I]; European Russia [I]; Moldova [I]; Morocco [I]; Algeria [c]; Libya [c]; Azores [I] (Terceira [I]); Islas Selvagens [I]; Tajikistan [I]; China [I]; Taiwan [I]; India [c]; Bangladesh [I]; Myanmar [I]; Java [I]; USA [I] (California [I])
10 nor 11 ger pol 12 fra 14 mld rus 20 alg lby mor 21 azo sel 32 tzk 36 chi 38 tai 40 ban ind 41 mya 42 jaw 76 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Chrysanthemum assakae Caball.; Trab. Mus. Nac. Ci. Nat., Ser. Bot. 28: 27 (1935)
= Chrysanthemum carinatum Schousb.; Vextr. Marokko 198 (1800)
= Chrysanthemum carinatum var. burridgeanum T.Moore; Proc. Roy. Hort. Soc. London 1: 310 (1860)
= Chrysanthemum carinatum var. venustum T.Moore; Proc. Roy. Hort. Soc. London 1: 310 (1860)
= Chrysanthemum tricolor Andrews; Bot. Repos. 2: t. 109 (1800)
= Ismelia carinata (Schousb.) Sch.Bip.; Webb & Berthel. Phyt. Canar. 2: 271 (1850)
= Ismelia versicolor Cass.; Cuvier, Dict. Sci. Nat. ed. 2. 41: 41 (1826), nom. superfl.
= Matricaria carinata (Schousb.) Poir.; Encyc. Suppl. 3: 602 (1814)
species :
Glebionis coronaria (L.) Tzvelev; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 84(7): 117 (1999)
Name: Kronen-Wucherblume (DE); Crown Daisy (EN); Pajito (ES)
Distribution: England [I]; Ireland [I]; Norway [I]; Belgium [I]; Germany [I]; Switzerland [I]; Austria [I]; Poland; Slovakia; Hungary [I]; Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; Baleares (Ibiza & Formentera, Mallorca, Menorca); France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Pantelleria; Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Romania; European Turkey; Greece (lowlands widespread, incl. Kiklades); Crete; S-European Russia; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; NW-European Russia; Moldova; Ukraine; Crimea; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt (Nile Delta, Nile Valley, NW-coastal Egypt); Azores [I] (Sao Miguel Isl. [I], Terceira [I], Graciosa [I], Sao Jorge [I], Pico [I], Faial [I], Flores Isl. [I]); Madeira [I] (Madeira Isl. [I], Porto Santo Isl. [I]); Islas Selvagens [I]; Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro, La Palma Isl.); Mauritania [I]; Ethiopia [I]; Eritrea [I]; Russian Far East [I] (Primorye [I]); Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Tajikistan; East Aegaean Isl. (widespread, incl. Rhodos); Turkey (S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iran (E-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran); Cyprus (E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, NW-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, N-Negev Desert, Judean Desert, Negev Desert); Sinai peninsula (N-Sinai, S-Sinai); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Saudi Arabia (NE-Saudi Arabia); Qatar [I]; United Arab Emirates; China [I]; South Korea [I]; Pakistan [I]; India [c]; Bangladesh [I]; Myanmar [I]; Thailand [I]; Laos [I]; Cambodia [I]; Vietnam [I]; Philippines [I]; Java [I]; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I], Queensland [I]); New Zealand [I]; USA [I] (Arizona [I], California [I], Florida [I]); Mexico [I]; El Salvador [I]; Honduras [I]; Costa Rica [I]; Ecuador [I]; Peru [I]; Bolivia [I]; Uruguay [I]; Argentina [I]; Chile [I] (Atacama [I], Coquimbo [I], Valparaíso [I], Maule [I], Biobío [I]); Juan Fdz. Isl. [I]
10 grb ire nor 11 aut bgm ger hun POL SLO swi 12 BAL COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 BIH CRO GRC ITA KRI PEL PTL ROM SIC TUE 14 KRY MLD RUS UKR 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 21 azo CNY mdr sel 22 mtn 24 eri eth 31 rfe 32 TKM TZK UZB 34 CYP EAI IRN ISR JOR LEB SIN SYR TUR 35 qat SAU UAE 36 chi 38 kor 40 ban ind pak 41 cbd lao mya tha vie 42 jaw phi 50 aus 51 nzl 76 usa 78 usa 79 mex 80 cos els hon 83 bol ecu per 85 arg cle jnf uru
Synonyms: hidden
= Buphthalmum oleraceum Lour.; Fl. Cochinch. 2: 506 (1790)
= Chamaemelum coronarium (L.) E.H.L.Krause; Sturm, Fl. Deutschland, ed. 2, 13: 203 (1905)
= Chrysanthemum breviradiatum DC.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 6: 64 (1838)
= Chrysanthemum coronarium L.; Sp. Pl. 890 (1753), nom. cons.
= Chrysanthemum coronarium subsp. discolor (d´Urv.) Rech.f.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 54: 634 (1936)
= Chrysanthemum coronarium var. concolor Batt.; Fl. Algérie, Dicot.: 462 (1889)
= Chrysanthemum coronarium var. discolor d´Urv.; Mém. Soc. Linn. Paris 1: 368 (1822)
= Chrysanthemum coronarium var. spatiosum L.H.Bailey; Gentes Herbarum 1: 47 (1920)
= Chrysanthemum matricariodes Voss; Vilm. Blumengärtn. ed. 3. 1: 507 (1894), pro syn.
= Chrysanthemum roxburghii Desf.; Tabl. École Bot., ed. 2: 119 (1815)
= Chrysanthemum senecioides Dunal ex DC.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 6: fi4 (1838)
= Chrysanthemum speciosum Brouss. ex Pers.; Syn. Pl. (Persoon) 2: 463 (1807)
= Dendranthema coronaria (L.) M.R.Almeida; Fl. Maharashtra 3A: 97 (2001)
= Glebionis coronaria var. discolor (d´Urv.) Turland; Taxon 53(4): 1073 (2004)
= Glebionis coronarium (L.) C.Jeffrey; Mansfeld´s Encycl. 4: 2092 (2094 6: 2826) (2001), isonym
= Glebionis discolor (d´Urv.) Cano, Musarella, Cano-Ortiz, Piñar Fuentes, Spamp. & Pinto Gomes; PhytoKeys 81: 115 (2017)
= Glebionis roxburghii (Desf.) Tzvelev; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 84(7): 117 (1999)
= Matricaria coronaria (L.) Desr.; Lam. Encyc. 3: 737 (1792)
= Matricaria oleracea Buch.-Ham.; Numer. List no. 3229 (1831), nomen
= Pinardia coronaria (L.) Less.; Syn. Gen. Compos. 255 (1832)
= Pyrethrum indicum Roxb. ex Sims; Bot. Mag. 37: t. 1521 (1813) non (L.) Cass.
= Xanthophtalmum coronarium (L.) P.D.Sell; Fl. Great Britain & Ireland 4: 556 (2006)
= Xanthophtalmum coronarium var. discolor (d´Urv.) P.D.Sell; P. D. Sell & G. Murrell, 556 (2006)
species :
Glebionis segetum (L.) Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, N. S. 17: 90 (1869)
Name: Saat-Wucherblume (DE); Corn Marigold (EN); Corona de rey (ES)
Distribution: England [I]; Northern Ireland [I]; Ireland [I]; Denmark; Norway [I]; Sweden; Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin [I], Baden-Württemberg [I], Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, +Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Austria; Poland; Slovakia; Portugal; Spain; Baleares (Mallorca, Menorca); France; Channel Isl. [I]; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Pantelleria; Malta; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Albania; European Turkey; Greece (lowlands widespread, incl. Kiklades); Crete; S-European Russia; Belarus; C-European Russia; NW-European Russia (incl. Kaliningrad region); Moldova; Ukraine; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Azores (Santa Maria Isl., Sao Miguel Isl., Terceira, Graciosa, Sao Jorge, Pico, Faial, Flores Isl., Corvo Isl.); Madeira (Madeira Isl., Porto Santo Isl.); Islas Selvagens; Canary Isl. (Gran Canaria, La Gomera); Ethiopia [I]; Eritrea [I]; South Africa [I]; Mauritius [I]; Tajikistan; East Aegaean Isl. (widespread, incl. Rhodos); Turkey (NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (NW-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel); Jordania (W-Jordania); Saudi Arabia (Dahana); China [I]; Sri Lanka [I]; Java [I]; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], New South Wales [I]); New Zealand [I]; Chatham Isl. [I]; Rotuma Isl. [I]; Alaska [I]; USA [I] (Alabama [I], California [I], Connecticut [I], Louisiana [I], Maine [I], Massachusetts [I], New York [I], North Carolina [I], Ohio [I], Oregon [I], Pennsylvania [I], South Carolina [I]); El Salvador [I]; Colombia [I]; Chile [I] (Los Lagos [I])
10 DEN grb ire nor SWE 11 AUT BGM GER LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 BAL cis COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH CRO GRC ITA KRI MLT PTL SIC SLV TUE 14 BLR MLD RUS UKR 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN 21 AZO CNY MDR SEL 24 eri eth 27 saf 29 mau 32 TZK 34 CYP EAI ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR 35 SAU 36 chi 40 srl 42 jaw 50 aus 51 ctm nzl 60 rot 70 ask 73 usa 75 usa 76 usa 78 usa 80 els 82 clm 85 cle
Synonyms: hidden
= Chamaemelum segetum (L.) E.H.L.Krause; Sturm, Fl. Deutschland, ed. 2, 13: 202 (1905)
= Chrysanthemum coronarium var. spatiosum Bailey; Gentes Herb. 1: 47 (1920)
= Chrysanthemum holophyllum Pau; Bol. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 22: 59 (1922)
= Chrysanthemum laciniatum Gilib.; Fl. Lituan. 1: 218 (1782), opus utique oppr.
= Chrysanthemum segetale Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 203 (1796)
= Chrysanthemum segetum f. discoideum Piekos; Pawl. & Jasiewicz, 261 (1971)
= Chrysanthemum segetum L.; Sp. Pl. 889 (1753)
= Chrysanthemum segetum var. integrifolium N.H.F.Desp.; Fl. Sarthe: 129 (1838)
= Chrysanthemum segetum var. parviflorum Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 452 (1821 publ. 1822)
= Chrysanthemum umbrosum Willd.; Sp. Pl., ed. 4 [Willdenow] 3(3): 2149 (1803)
= Chrysanthemum welwitschii Sch.Bip. ex Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 370 (1879)
= Leucanthemum segetum (L.) Stankov; Stankov & Taliev, Syst. Classif. Vasc. Pl. Eur. Russ. 630 (1949)
= Matricaria segetum (L.) Schrank; Baier. Fl. 2: 406 (1789)
= Pinardia segetum (L.) H.Karst.; Deutsche Fl. 1095 (1880 publ. 1883)
= Pyrethrum segetum (L.) Moench; Methodus 597 (1794)
= Pyrethrum umbrosum (Willd.) Boiss.; Fl. Orient. [Boiss. ] 3: 357 (1875)
= Xanthophtalmum segetum (L.) Sch.Bip.; Tanacet. 17 (1844)
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A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 19.3 (June 16th, 2024)

Covering 355,120 accepted species,
8,650 hybrids, 47,763 accepted infraspecific taxa and 997,061 synonyms,
in total 1,408,594* names

[*about 25,000 dubious, "unplaced" names and about 4,000 invalid names (Art. 24.3) like "typicus" are deliberately omitted]


With complete, detailed distribution data (countries and regions) and literature references

Arranged in linear phylogenetic sequence reflecting true relationships

Fully searchable and continously updated

With 38,209 pictures of 15,787 species

Assembled through 40 years independently from other databases

In cooperation with Catalogue of Life