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Ver. 19.4
June 30th, 2024

450.0000 Family Asteraceae Dumort.; Comment. Bot. 55 (1822)
1620 genera, ca. 29.000 spp. (35.000 spp. incl. microspecies). Systematics taken mostly from Funk et al. (2009, 2020) and other recent publications. Barnadesioideae might be its own family, related to Calyceraceae.
Species listed in database: 35269; hybrids: 683
= Acarnaceae Link; (1829)
= Ambrosiaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 254 (1820), nom. cons.
= Anthemidaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 254 (1820)
= Aposeridaceae Raf.; New Fl. N. Amer. 4: 106 (1838)
= Arctotaceae Bessey; Nebraska Univ. Stud. 14: 107 (1914)
= Arctotidaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 255 (1820)
= Artemisiaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 48 (1820)
= Athanasiaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 56 (1820)
= Calendulaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 254 (1820)
= Carduaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 255 (1820)
= Carlinaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 255 (1820)
= Centaureaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 255 (1820)
= Cichoriaceae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 168 (1789), nom. cons.
= Cnicaceae Vest; Anleit. Stud. Bot.: 273, 297 (1818)
= Compositae Giseke; Prael. Ord. Nat. Pl.: 538 (1792), nom. cons.
= Coreopsidaceae Link; Handbuch 1: 768 (1829)
= Cynaraceae Burnett; Outlines Bot.: 926, 931, 1094, 1111 (1835)
= Echinopaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 255 (1820)
= Eupatoriaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 253 (1820)
= Gnaphaliaceae Link ex F.Rudolphi; Syst. Orb. Veg.: 46 (1830)
= Grindeliaceae Rchb. ex A.Heller; Muhlenbergia 2: 330 (1907)
= Heleniaceae Raf.; Cincinnati Lit. Gaz. 2: 28 (1824)
= Helianthaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 254 (1820)
= Helichrysaceae Link; Handbuch 1: 712 (1829)
= Inulaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 254 (1820)
= Ivaceae Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 1: 31 (1837)
= Lactucaceae Drude; J. A. Schenk, Handb. Bot. 3(2): 369 (1886)
= Lapsanaceae Martinov; (1820)
= Madiaceae A.Heller; Muhlenbergia 2: 332 (1907)
= Matricariaceae Voigt; Hort. Suburb. Calcutt.: 400 (1845)
= Mutisiaceae Burnett; Outlines Bot.: 934, 935, 1094, 1111 (1835)
= Nassauviaceae Burmeist.; Handb. Naturgesch.: 290 (1836)
= Partheniaceae Link; Handbuch 1: 816 (1829)
= Perdiciaceae Link; Handbuch 1: 728 (1829)
= Picridaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 482 (1820)
= Santolinaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 560 (1820)
= Senecionaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 254 (1820)
= Serratulaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 577 (1820)
= Tanacetaceae Vest; Anleit. Stud. Bot.: 273, 298 (1818)
= Tussilagaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 254 (1820)
= Vernoniaceae Burmeist.; Handb. Naturgesch.: 296 (1836)
= Xanthiaceae Vest; Anleit. Stud. Bot.: 273, 298 (1818)
= Xeranthemaceae Döll; Rhein. Fl.: 498 (1843)
450.9531 Genus Helianthus L.; Sp. Pl. 2: 904 (1753)
Distribution: North America south to Mexico, mostly W-USA and Rocky Mountains
Species listed in database: 55; hybrids: 11
= Discomela Raf.; Neogenyton: 3 (1825)
= Echinomeria Nutt.; Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc., ser. 2, 7: 356 (1840)
= Harpalium (Cass.) Cass.; Cuvier, Dict. Sci. Nat. ed. 2. 38: 17 (1825)
= Helianthemum Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 445 (1821), orth. var.
= Leighia Cass.; Cuvier, Dict. Sci. Nat. ed. 2. 25: 435 (1822), nom. illeg.
= Linsecomia Buckley; Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 1861: 458 (1862)
= Neactelis Raf.; New Fl. 4: 69 (1838)
= Vosacan Adans.; Fam. Pl. 2: 130 (1763), nom. superfl.
species :
Helianthus agrestis Pollard; Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 13: 184 (1900)
Name: Southeastern sunflower
Distribution: USA (Florida, Georgia)
78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Helianthus agrestis f. almae Wolde; Phytologia 63(4): 310 (1987)
= Helianthus agrestis f. oswaldii Wolde; Phytologia 63(4): 310 (1987)
species :
Helianthus angustifolius L.; Sp. Pl. 906 (1753)
Name: Swamp sunflower
Distribution: Java [I]; USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, Missouri, New Jersey, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, West Virginia)
42 jaw 74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Coreopsis angustifolia (L.) L.; Sp. Pl. 908 (1753)
= Discomela angustifolius (L.) Raf.; Neogenyt. 3 (1825)
= Helianthus angustifolius f. bicolor J.M.Kelley; Phytologia 104(3): 41 (2022)
= Helianthus angustifolius var. nemorosus C.Mohr; Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 6: 800 (1901)
= Helianthus angustifolius var. planifolius Fernald; Rhodora 49: 190, tab. 1083 (1947)
= Leighia bicolor Cass.; Cuvier, Dict. Sci. Nat. ed. 2. 25: 436 (1822), nom. superfl.
= Rudbeckia angustifolia (L.) L.; Sp. Pl. ed. II. 1281 (1763)
species :
Helianthus annuus L.; Sp. Pl. 904 (1753)
Name: Common sunflower (EN); Gewöhnliche Sonnenblume (DE); Girasol (ES)
Distribution: England [c]; Northern Ireland [c]; Ireland [c]; Norway [c]; Sweden [c]; Netherlands [c]; Belgium [c]; Germany [c]; Switzerland [c]; Liechtenstein [c]; Austria [c]; Poland [c]; Czech Republic [c]; Slovakia [c]; Hungary [c]; Portugal [c]; Spain [c]; Baleares [c] (Mallorca [c]); France [c]; Channel Isl. [c]; Corsica [c]; Sardinia [c]; Italy [c]; Sicily [c]; Slovenia [c]; Croatia [c]; Bosnia & Hercegovina [c]; Montenegro [c]; Serbia; Kosovo [c]; North Macedonia [c]; Albania [c]; Romania [c]; Bulgaria [c]; European Turkey [c]; Greece [c]; Crete [c]; Estonia [c]; Latvia [c]; Lithuania [c]; Belarus [c]; European Russia [c]; Moldova [c]; Ukraine [c]; Crimea [c]; Morocco [c]; Libya [c]; Madeira [c] (Madeira Isl. [c]); Canary Isl. [c] (Tenerife [c], Fuerteventura [c], Gran Canaria [c]); Cameroon [c]; Bioko Isl. [Fernando Poo] [c]; Chad [c]; Ethiopia [c]; Djibouti [c]; Namibia [c]; South Africa [c]; Mauritius [c]; Agalega Isl. [c]; Siberia [c]; Russian Far East [c]; Kazakhstan [c]; Turkmenistan [c]; Uzbekistan [c]; Kyrgyzstan [c]; Tajikistan [c]; Northern Caucasus [c]; Northern Caucasus [c]; Azerbaijan [c]; East Aegaean Isl. [c]; Turkey [c] (E-Anatolia [c], Inner Anatolia [c]); Israel [c] (coastal W-Israel [c], Rift Valley [c], N-Negev Desert [c]); Saudi Arabia [c] (Hejaz [c]); China [c]; Tibet [c]; South Korea [c]; Taiwan [c]; Pakistan [c]; Nepal [c]; Bhutan [c]; India [c]; Bangladesh [c]; Andaman Isl. [c]; Nicobar Isl. [c]; Myanmar [c]; Thailand [c]; Cambodia [c]; Vietnam [c]; Philippines [c]; Java [c]; Australia [c] (Western Australia [c], Northern Territory [c], South Australia [c], Queensland [c], New South Wales [c]); New Zealand [c]; Fiji [c]; Austral Isl. [c]; Hawaii [c] (Hawaii Isl. [c]); Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, N. W. T., Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Isl., Québec, Saskatchewan); St. Pierre et Miquelon; USA (Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming); Mexico (Aguascalientes, Baja California Norte, Baja California Sur, Campeche, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Colima, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, México State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Nuevo Leon, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Yucatan, Zacatecas); Guatemala; Belize; El Salvador; Honduras; Costa Rica [c]; Cuba [c]; Jamaica [c]; Dominican Republic [c]; Haiti [c]; Puerto Rico [c]; Colombia [c]; Peru [c]; Bolivia [c]; Argentina [c]
10 grb ire nor swe 11 aut bgm cze ger hun lie net pol slo swi 12 bal cis cor fra por sar spa 13 alb bih bul cro grc ita kos kri mnt nma rom sic slv SRB tue 14 blr est kry lat lit mld rus ukr 20 lby mor 21 cny mdr 23 bio cmn 24 cha dji eth 27 nam saf 29 aga mau 30 sib 31 rfe 32 kaz kgz tkm tzk uzb 33 aze ncs 34 eai isr tur 35 sau 36 chi tib 38 kor tai 40 ban bhu ind nep pak 41 and cbd mya ncb tha vie 42 jaw phi 50 aus 51 nzl 60 fij 61 aui 63 haw 70 CDN 71 CDN 72 CDN SPM 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX 80 BLZ cos ELS GUA HON 81 cub his jam pue 82 clm 83 bol per 85 arg
Remarks: almost worldwide cultivated
Synonyms: hidden
= Helianthus annuus f. californicus Hegi; Hayek & Hegi, 510 (1918)
= Helianthus annuus f. diadem Hegi; Hayek & Hegi, 510 (1918)
= Helianthus annuus f. fallax B.Boivin; Naturaliste Canad. 87: 35 (1960)
= Helianthus annuus f. giganteus Hegi; Hayek & Hegi, 510 (1918)
= Helianthus annuus f. globosofistulosus Hegi; Hayek & Hegi, 510 (1918)
= Helianthus annuus f. lenticularis (Douglas ex Lindl.) B.Boivin; Naturaliste Canad. 87: 35 (1960)
= Helianthus annuus f. ligulosus Hegi; Hayek & Hegi, 510 (1918)
= Helianthus annuus f. macrocarpus Hegi; Hayek & Hegi, 510 (1918), nom. inval.
= Helianthus annuus f. nanus Hegi; Hayek & Hegi, 510 (1918)
= Helianthus annuus f. silvester Thell.; Vierteljahrsschr. Naturf. Ges. Zürich 64: 799 (1919)
= Helianthus annuus f. simplex Hegi; Hayek & Hegi, 510 (1918)
= Helianthus annuus f. sulphueus Hegi; Hayek & Hegi, 510 (1918)
= Helianthus annuus f. tubulosus Hegi; Hayek & Hegi, 510 (1918)
= Helianthus annuus subsp. jaegeri (Heiser) Heiser; Contr. Dudley Herb. 4: 317 (1955)
= Helianthus annuus subsp. lenticularis (Douglas ex Lindl.) Cockerell; Science n. s. 40: 284 (1914)
= Helianthus annuus subsp. texanus Heiser; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 51: 299 (1954)
= Helianthus annuus var. apicalis Cockerell; Gard. Chron., ser. 3, 64: 186 (1918)
= Helianthus annuus var. aridus Cockerell; Amer. Naturalist 49: 611 (1915)
= Helianthus annuus var. basalis Cockerell; Gard. Chron., ser. 3, 64: 186 (1918)
= Helianthus annuus var. californicus (T.Moore) Bushell; Proc. Roy. Hort. Soc. London 1: 661 (1861)
= Helianthus annuus var. chrysanthemoides Cockerell; Amer. Naturalist 49: 617 (1915)
= Helianthus annuus var. convolutus Cockerell; Gard. Chron., ser. 3, 64: 186 (1918)
= Helianthus annuus var. coronatus Cockerell; J. Heredity 6: 542 (1915)
= Helianthus annuus var. dilutus Cockerell; Gard. Chron., ser. 3, 64: 186 (1918)
= Helianthus annuus var. flavobasis Cockerell; Gard. Chron., ser. 3, 64: 186 (1918)
= Helianthus annuus var. indicus (L.) DC.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 5: 585 (1836)
= Helianthus annuus var. latibasis Cockerell; Gard. Chron., ser. 3, 64: 186 (1918)
= Helianthus annuus var. lenticularis (Douglas ex Lindl.) Steyerm.; Rhodora 62: 132 (1960)
= Helianthus annuus var. macrocarpus (DC. & A.DC.) Cockerell; Amer. Naturalist 49: 611 (1915), nom. inval.
= Helianthus annuus var. niger Cockerell; Science, n.s. 40: 708 (1914)
= Helianthus annuus var. pallescens Cockerell; Gard. Chron., ser. 3, 64: 186 (1918)
= Helianthus annuus var. passiflora Cockerell; Gard. Chron., ser. 3, 64: 186 (1918)
= Helianthus annuus var. primulinus Cockerell; Science, n.s. 38: 312 (1913)
= Helianthus annuus var. pumilus DC.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 5: 585 (1836)
= Helianthus annuus var. reversus Cockerell; Gard. Chron., ser. 3, 64: 186 (1918)
= Helianthus annuus var. revolutus Cockerell; Gard. Chron., ser. 3, 64: 186 (1918)
= Helianthus annuus var. ruberrimus Cockerell; Science, n.s. 40: 708 (1914)
= Helianthus annuus var. selene Cockerell; Science, n.s. 40: 284 (1914)
= Helianthus annuus var. semivinosus Cockerell; Gard. Chron., ser. 3, 64: 186 (1918)
= Helianthus annuus var. texanus (Heiser) Shinners; Sida 1: 377 (1964)
= Helianthus annuus var. tortuosus Cockerell; Science, n.s. 38: 313 (1913)
= Helianthus annuus var. trizonatus Cockerell; Gard. Chron., ser. 3, 64: 186 (1918)
= Helianthus annuus var. vinosissimus Cockerell; Science, n.s. 40: 709 (1914)
= Helianthus annuus var. vinosus Cockerell; Science, n.s. 38: 313 (1913)
= Helianthus aridus Rydb.; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club, 127 (1905)
= Helianthus aridus var. citrinus Cockerell; Science, n.s. 40: 284 (1914)
= Helianthus erythrocarpus Bartl.; Linnaea 14(Literat.): 125 (1840)
= Helianthus grandiflorus Wender. ex Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2(1): 737 (1840)
= Helianthus indicus L.; Mant. Pl. 1: 117 (1767)
= Helianthus jaegeri Heiser; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 75: 513 (1948)
= Helianthus lenticularis Douglas ex Lindl.; Edwards´s Bot. Reg. 15: t. 1265 (1829)
= Helianthus lenticularis var. angustus Cockerell; Amer. Naturalist 49: 620 (1915)
= Helianthus lenticularis var. aridus Cockerell; Amer. Naturalist 49: 611 (1915)
= Helianthus lenticularis var. primulinus Cockerell; Science, n.s. 40: 284 (1914)
= Helianthus lindheimerianus Scheele; Linnaea 22: 159 (1849)
= Helianthus macrocarpus DC.; Mem. Soc. Phys. Geneve 7: 274 (1836)
= Helianthus ovatus Lehm.; Ind. Sem. Hort. Hamb. 16 (1828)
= Helianthus petiolaris DC.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 5: 586 (1836)
= Helianthus platycephalus Cass.; Cuvier, Dict. Sci. Nat. ed. 2. 20: 352 (1821), nom. superfl.
= Helianthus pumilus Pers.; Syn. 2: 475 (1807)
= Helianthus uniflorus L.; Sp. Pl.: 905 (1753)
species :
Helianthus anomalus S.F.Blake; J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 21: 333 (1931)
Name: Anomalous sunflower
Distribution: USA (Arizona, Utah)
76 USA
species :
Helianthus argophyllus Torr. & A.Gray; Fl. N. Am. 2: 318 (1842)
Name: Silverleaf sunflower
Distribution: South Africa [I] (KwaZulu-Natal [I]); India [c]; Java [I]; Australia [I] (Queensland [I]); Niue [I]; Fiji [I]; USA (Florida, North Carolina, Texas); Bahamas [I]; Trinidad & Tobago [I]
27 saf 40 ind 42 jaw 50 aus 60 fij nue 77 USA 78 USA 81 bah trt
Synonyms: hidden
= Helianthus annuus var. argophyllus (Torr. & A.Gray) Anashch.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 59(10): 1476 (1974)
species :
Helianthus arizonensis R.C.Jacks.; Brittonia 15: 266. (1963)
Name: Arizona sunflower
Distribution: USA (Arizona, New Mexico)
76 USA 77 USA
species :
Helianthus atrorubens L.; Sp. Pl. 906 (1753)
Name: Purpledisc sunflower (EN), Schwarzrote Sonnenblume (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Turkmenistan [I]; USA (Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, New Jersey, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia)
11 ger 32 tkm 75 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Discomela atrorubens (L.) Raf.; Neogenyt. 3 (1825)
= Discomela sparsiflorus (Elliott) Raf.; Neogenyt. 3 (1825)
= Helianthus atrorubens var. alsodes Fernald; Rhodora 48: 74, tab. 1020 (1946)
= Helianthus sparsifolius Elliott; Sketch Bot. S. Carolina 2: 415 (1823)
species :
Helianthus bolanderi A.Gray; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 6: 544 (1865)
Name: Bolander´s sunflower
Distribution: USA (California, Oregon)
73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Helianthus scaberrimus Benth.; Bot. Voy. Sulph. 28 (1844)
species :
Helianthus californicus DC.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 5: 589 (1836)
Name: California sunflower
Distribution: USA (California); Mexico (Baja California Norte)
76 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Helianthus californicus var. mariposianus A.Gray; Syn. Fl. N. Amer. 1(2): 277 (1884)
species :
Helianthus carnosus Small; Torreya 2: 75 (1902)
Name: Lakeside sunflower
Distribution: USA (Florida)
78 USA
species :
Helianthus ciliaris DC.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 5: 587 (1836)
Name: Blueweed, blueweed sunflower, Texas blueweed
Distribution: Australia [I] (Queensland [I], New South Wales [I]); USA (Arizona, California, Colorado, Illinois, Kansas, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Texas, Utah); Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Nuevo Leon, San Luis Potosi, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Zacatecas)
50 aus 73 USA 74 USA 76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Helianthus angustifolius subsp. ciliaris (DC.) Anashch.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 59(10): 1479 (1974)
= Linsecomia glauca Buckley; Proc. Acad. Sci. Philad. (1861 publ. 1862)
species :
Helianthus cusickii A.Gray; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 21: 415 (1886)
Name: Cusick´s sunflower
Distribution: USA (California, Idaho, Nevada, Oregon, Washington)
73 USA 76 USA
species :
Helianthus debilis Nutt.; Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc., ser. 2, 7: 367 (1840)
subspecies :
subsp. debilis
Name: Beach sunflower
Distribution: USA (Florida)
78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Helianthus annuus var. debilis (Nutt.) Anashch.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 59(10): 1476 (1974)
subspecies :
subsp. cucumerifolius (Torr. & A.Gray) Heiser; Madroño. 13: 160 (1956)
Name: Cucumberleaf sunflower (EN), Mehrstänglige Sonnenblume (DE)
Distribution: Norway [I]; Germany [I]; Austria [I]; Slovakia [I]; France [I]; Azores [I] (Faial [I]); Mozambique [I]; South Africa [I]; South Korea [I]; Taiwan [I]; India [c]; Bangladesh [I]; Java [I]; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], Queensland [I]); Rotuma Isl. [I]; USA (Connecticut, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Texas, Vermont, Virginia, West Virginia); Cuba [I]
10 nor 11 aut ger slo 12 fra 21 azo 26 moz 27 saf 38 kor tai 40 ban ind 42 jaw 50 aus 60 rot 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA 81 cub
Synonyms: hidden
= Helianthus cucumerifolius Torr. & A.Gray; Fl. N. Am. 2: 319 (1842)
= Helianthus debilis f. cucumerifolius (Torr. & A.Gray) Voss; Vilm. Blumengärtn. ed. 3. 1: 482 (1894)
= Helianthus debilis var. cucumerifolius (Torr. & A.Gray) A.Gray; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 18: 106 (1883)
subspecies :
subsp. silvestris Heiser; Madroño. 13: 158, fig. 6 (1956)
Distribution: USA (Texas)
77 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Helianthus debilis var. silvestris (Heiser) Cronquist; Brittonia 29(2): 223 (1977)
subspecies :
subsp. tardiflorus Heiser; Madroño. 13: 154, figs. 5, 6 (1956)
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi); Cuba [I]
78 USA 81 cub
Synonyms: hidden
= Helianthus debilis var. tardiflorus (Heiser) Cronquist; Brittonia 29(2): 223 (1977)
subspecies :
subsp. vestitus (E.Watson) Heiser; Madroño. 13: 154 (1956)
Distribution: USA (Florida)
78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Helianthus debilis var. vestitus (E.Watson) Cronquist; Brittonia 29(2): 223 (1977)
= Helianthus decapetalus f. multiflorus (L.) Voss; Vilm. Blumengärtn. ed. 3. 1: 483 (1894)
= Helianthus decapetalus var. multiflorus (L.) A.Gray; Syn. Fl. N. Amer. 1(2): 280 (1884)
= Helianthus vestitus E.Watson; Pap. Michigan Acad. Sci. 9: 347 (1929)
species :
Helianthus decapetalus L.; Sp. Pl. 2: 905 (1753)
Name: Thinleaf sunflower (EN), Zehnstrahlige Sonnenblume (DE)
Distribution: Norway [I]; Belgium [I]; Germany [I]; Switzerland [I]; Austria [I]; Poland [I]; France [I]; Serbia; Kosovo [I]; Romania [I]; European Russia [I]; Myanmar [I]; Canada (New Brunswick, Ontario, Québec); USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Vermont, Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin)
10 nor 11 aut bgm ger pol swi 12 fra 13 kos rom SRB 14 rus 41 mya 72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Helianthus decapetalus var. frondosus (L.) Hook.; Bot. Mag. 63: t. 3510 (1836)
= Helianthus decapetalus var. scrophulariifolius House; Bull. New York State Mus. Nat. Hist. 243-244: 70 (1923)
= Helianthus dodecapetalus Panz.; Pflanzensyst. 9: 557 (1783)
= Helianthus frondosus L.; Cent. Pl. I. 28 (1755)
= Helianthus grandiflorus Juss. ex Pers.; Syn. 2: 475 (1807)
= Helianthus polycephalus Cass.; Cuvier, Dict. Sci. Nat. ed. 2. 20: 352 (1821)
= Helianthus prostratus Willd.; Sp. Pl. ed. 4. 3: 2242 (1803)
= Helianthus scrophulariifolius Britton; Man. Fl. N. States: 995 (1901)
= Helianthus strumosus Willd.; Sp. Pl. ed. 4. 3: 2242 (1803), nom. illeg.
= Helianthus tenuifolius Elliott; Sketch Bot. S. Carolina 2: 420 (1823)
= Helianthus trachelifolius Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. VIII. n. 7, Willd. Sp. Pl. 3: 2241 (1768)
= Viguiera prostrata (Willd.) DC.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 5: 579 (1836)
species :
Helianthus deserticola Heiser; Proc. Indiana Acad. Sci. 70: 209, fig. 1 (1960)
Name: Desert sunflower
Distribution: USA (Arizona, Nevada, Utah)
76 USA
species :
Helianthus devernii Draper; Madroño 68(1): 52 (2021)
Distribution: USA (Nevada)
76 USA
species :
Helianthus dissectifolius R.C.Jacks.; Brittonia 15: 268 (1963)
Distribution: Mexico (Durango, etc.)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Helianthus dissectifolius subsp. brevilobus R.C.Jacks.; Brittonia 15: 271 (1963)
= Helianthus dissectifolius subsp. longilobus R.C.Jacks.; Brittonia 15: 271 (1963)
= Helianthus dissectifolius subsp. trifurcatus R.C.Jacks.; Brittonia 15: 271 (1963)
species :
Helianthus divaricatus L.; Sp. Pl. 906 (1753)
Name: Woodland sunflower
Distribution: Canada (Ontario, Québec); USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Vermont, Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin)
72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Helianthus divaricatus var. angustifolius Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 343 (1891)
= Helianthus divaricatus var. latifolius Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 343 (1891)
= Helianthus divaricatus var. scaberrimus Alph.Wood; Class-book Bot. (ed. 1861).: 449 (1861)
= Helianthus divaricatus var. ternatus Farw.; Rep. (Annual) Michigan Acad. Sci. 22: 185 (1921)
= Helianthus leiostemon Raf. ex DC.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 5: 588 (1836)
= Helianthus truncatus Schwein. ex Elliott; Sketch Bot. S. Carolina 2: 416 (1823)
species :
Helianthus eggertii Small; Fl. S. E. U. S. 1267 (1903)
Name: Eggert´s sunflower
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Kentucky, Tennessee)
78 USA
species :
Helianthus exilis A.Gray; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 6: 545 (1864 publ. 1865)
Name: Serpentine sunflower
Distribution: USA (California)
76 USA
species :
Helianthus floridanus A.Gray ex Chapm.; Fl. S. U. St. Suppl. 629 (1883)
Name: Florida sunflower
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, North Carolina, South Carolina)
78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Helianthus littoralis Chapm. ex E.Watson; Papers Mich. Acad. Sci. 9: 353 (1929 publ. 1928)
= Helianthus undulatus Chapm.; Fl. S. U.S., ed. 2(Suppl. 2): 689 (1892), nom. illeg.
species :
Helianthus giganteus L.; Sp. Pl. 905 (1753)
Name: Giant or tall sunflower (EN), Riesen-Sonnenblume (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; France [I]; European Russia [I]; Canada (New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Québec); USA (Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Vermont, Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin)
11 ger 12 fra 14 rus 72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Helianthus alienus E.Watson; Papers Mich. Acad. Sci. 9: 406 (1928 publ. 1929)
= Helianthus altissimus L.; Sp. Pl. ed. II. 1278 (1763)
= Helianthus angustifolius subsp. giganteus (L.) Anashch.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 59(10): 1479 (1974)
= Helianthus borealis E.Watson; Papers Mich. Acad. Sci. 9: 411 (1928 publ. 1929)
= Helianthus carolinianus Hill; Veg. Syst. 16: 56
= Helianthus crinitus Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2(1): 737 (1840)
= Helianthus giganteus subsp. alienus (E.Watson) R.W.Long; Rhodora 56: 199 (1954)
= Helianthus giganteus var. crinitus Nutt.; Gen. N. Amer. Pl. 2: 177 (1818)
= Helianthus giganteus var. oppositifolius Farw.; Rep. (Annual) Michigan Acad. Sci. 17: 180 (1917)
= Helianthus giganteus var. resiniferus Farw.; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 10: 218 (1927)
= Helianthus giganteus var. subtuberosus Britton
= Helianthus giganteus var. verticillatus Farw.; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 10: 219 (1927)
= Helianthus giganteus var. virgatus Farw.; Rep. (Annual) Michigan Acad. Sci. 17: 180 (1916)
= Helianthus gigas Michx.; Fl. Bor. Am. 2: 141 (1803)
= Helianthus nuttallii var. subtuberosus (Britton) B.Boivin; Phytologia 23(1): 74 (1972)
= Helianthus subtuberosus (Britton) Bourg. ex A.Gray; Syn. Fl. N. Am. 1: II. 276 (1884)
= Helianthus validus E.Watson; Papers Mich. Acad. Sci. 9: 410 (1928 publ. 1929)
= Helianthus virgatus Lam.; Encycl. 3: 85 (1789)
species :
Helianthus glaucophyllus D.M.Sm.; Brittonia 10: 192 (1958)
Name: Whiteleaf sunflower
Distribution: USA (North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee)
78 USA
species :
Helianthus gracilentus A.Gray; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 11: 77 (1876)
Name: Slender sunflower
Distribution: USA (California); Mexico (Baja California Norte)
76 USA 79 MEX
species :
Helianthus grosseserratus M.Martens; Index Seminum (Louvain). 1839: unpaged (1839), et Bull. Acad. Sci. Bruxelles 8(1): 67 (1841)
Name: Sawtooth sunflower
Distribution: India [c]; Canada (Ontario, Québec); USA (Arkansas, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin)
40 ind 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Helianthus grosseserratus f. pleniflorus Wadmond; Rhodora 34: 19 (1934)
= Helianthus grosseserratus subsp. maximus R.W.Long; Rhodora 56: 199 (1954)
= Helianthus grosseserratus var. hypoleucus A.Gray; Syn. Fl. N. Amer. 1(2): 276 (1884)
= Helianthus instabilis E.Watson; Papers Mich. Acad. Sci. 9: 423 (1928 publ. 1929)
species :
Helianthus heterophyllus Nutt.; J. Acad. Philad. 7: 74 (1834)
Name: Wetland sunflower
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Texas)
77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Helianthus atrorubens subsp. heterophyllus (Nutt.) Anashch.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 59(10): 1477 (1974)
= Helianthus elongatus Small; Fl. S. E. U. S. [Small]. 1266, 1340 (1903)
species :
Helianthus hirsutus Raf.; Ann. Nat. 14 (1820)
Name: Hairy sunflower
Distribution: Canada (Ontario); USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin); Mexico (Coahuila, Nuevo Leon)
72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Helianthus diversifolius Elliott; Sketch Bot. S. Carolina 2: 423 (1823)
= Helianthus hirsutus var. leoninus (E.Watson) E.J.Palmer & Steyerm.; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 22: 672 (1935)
= Helianthus hirsutus var. stenophyllus Torr. & A.Gray; Fl. N. Amer. 2: 329 (1842)
= Helianthus hirsutus var. trachyphyllus Torr. & A.Gray; Fl. N. Amer. (Torr. & A. Gray) 2: 329 (1842)
= Helianthus hispidulus Elliott; Sketch Bot. S. Carolina 2: 419 (1823)
= Helianthus leoninus E.Watson; Pap. Michigan Acad. Sci. 9: 449 (1929)
= Helianthus stenophyllus (Torr. & A.Gray) E.Watson; Papers Mich. Acad. Sci. 9: 396 (1928 publ. 1929)
species :
Helianthus inexpectatus D.J.Keil & Elvin; Aliso 28: 60 (2010)
Distribution: USA (California: Los Angeles Co.)
76 USA
species :
Helianthus laciniatus A.Gray; Mem. Am. Acad. N. S. 4: 84 (1849)
Distribution: USA (New Mexico, Texas); Mexico (Aguascalientes, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Jalisco, México State, Michoacan, Nuevo Leon, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Zacatecas)
77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Helianthus crenatus R.C.Jacks.; Madrono 15: 55 (1959)
= Helianthus heiseri R.C.Jacks.; Madrono 15: 54 (1959)
= Helianthus laciniatus subsp. crenatus (R.C.Jacks.) R.C.Jacks.; Brittonia 15: 267 (1963)
= Helianthus laciniatus subsp. heiseri (R.C.Jacks.) R.C.Jacks.; Brittonia 15: 268 (1963)
species :
Helianthus laevigatus Torr. & A.Gray; Fl. N. Am. 2: 330 (1842)
Name: Smooth sunflower
Distribution: USA (North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, West Virginia)
75 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Helianthus laevigatus subsp. reindutus E.S.Steele; Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 13: 374 (1911)
= Helianthus reindutus (E.S.Steele) E.Watson; Pap. Michigan Acad. Sci. 9: 376 (1929)
species :
Helianthus longifolius Pursh; Fl. Am. Sept. 2: 571 (1813)
Name: Longleaf sunflower
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Georgia, North Carolina)
78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Leighia longifolia Nutt.; Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc., ser. 2, 7: 365 (1840)
species :
Helianthus maximiliani Schrad.; Index Seminum (Göttingen). 1834: unpaged (1835)
Name: Maximilian sunflower (EN)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Ontario, Québec, Saskatchewan); USA (Alabama, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming); Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo Leon)
11 ger 71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Helianthus dalyi Britton; J. N. York Bot. Gard. 2: 89 (1901)
= Helianthus maximiliani f. pallidus Clute; Amer. Bot. (Binghamton) 36: 17 (1930)
= Helianthus maximiliani var. asperrimus Engelm. & A.Gray; Boston J. Nat. Hist. 5: 249 (1845)
= Helianthus maximiliani var. dalyi Farw.; Rep. (Annual) Michigan Acad. Sci. 17: 180 (1916)
= Helianthus maximiliani var. iubaris Lunell; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 5: 63, 64 (1917)
= Helianthus maximiliani var. paniculata Farw.; Pap. Michigan Acad. Sci. 3: 107 (1924)
species :
Helianthus microcephalus Torr. & A.Gray; Fl. N. Am. 2: 329 (1842)
Name: Woodland sunflower
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, New Jersey, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia)
74 USA 75 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Helianthus divaricatus Michx.; Fl. Bor. Am. 2: 141 (1803)
= Helianthus parviflorus Bernh. ex Spreng.; Syst. Veg. ed. 16, 3: 617 (1826)
= Helianthus tracheliifolius Hook.; Comp. Bot. Mag. 1: 98 (1835)
species :
Helianthus mollis Lam.; Encyc. 3: 85 (1789)
Name: Ashy sunflower
Distribution: Germany [I]; India [c]; Canada (Ontario); USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin)
11 ger 40 ind 72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Helianthus canescens Michx.; Fl. Bor. Am. 2: 140 (1803)
= Helianthus mollis f. flavidus Steyerm.; Rhodora 55: 108 (1953)
= Helianthus mollis var. cordatus S.Watson; Gard. & Forest 2: 136, f. 100 (1889)
= Helianthus pubescens Vahl; Symb. Bot. 2: 92 (1791)
species :
Helianthus neglectus Heiser; Rhodora 60: 275 (1958)
Name: Neglected sunflower
Distribution: USA (New Mexico, Texas)
77 USA
species :
Helianthus niveus (Benth.) Brandegee; Proc. Calif. Acad. Ser. II. 2: 173 (1889)
subspecies :
subsp. niveus
Distribution: Mexico (Baja California Norte, Baja California Sur, Chihuahua, Sonora)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Encelia nivea Benth.; Bot. Voy. Sulph. 27 (1844)
= Helianthus annuus var. niveus (Benth.) Anashch.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 59(10): 1476 (1974)
= Helianthus dealbatus A.Gray; Syn. Fl. N. Amer. 1(2): 280 (1884)
= Viguiera nivea Benth. & Hook.f.; Gen. 2: 378, in nota sub Encelia (1873)
= Viguiera sonorae Rose & Standl.; Contrib. US. Nat. Herb. 16: 20 (1912)
subspecies :
subsp. tephrodes (A.Gray) Heiser; Mem. Torrey Bot. Club. 22(3): 43 (1969)
Name: Algodones sunflower
Distribution: USA (Arizona, California); Mexico (Sonora)
76 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Helianthus niveus var. tephrodes (A.Gray) B.L.Turner; Phytologia Mem. 23b: 6 (2015)
= Helianthus tephrodes A.Gray; Torr., Bot. Mex. Bound. 90 (1859)
= Viguiera tephrodes (A.Gray) A.Gray; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 17: 218 (1882)
species :
Helianthus nuttallii Torr. & A.Gray; Fl. N. Am. 2: 324 (1842)
subspecies :
subsp. nuttallii
Name: Nuttall´s sunflower
Distribution: Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Saskatchewan); USA (Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Kansas, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Oregon, South Dakota, Utah, Washington, Wyoming)
71 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Helianthus angustifolius subsp. nuttallii (Torr. & A.Gray) Anashch.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 59(10): 1479 (1974)
= Helianthus californicus Nutt. ex Torr. & A.Gray; Fl. N. Amer. 2: 325 (1842), nom. illeg.
= Helianthus californicus var. utahensis (D.C.Eaton) A.Gray; Syn. Fl. N. Amer. 1(2): 277 (1884)
= Helianthus coloradensis Cockerell; Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 27: 6 (1914)
= Helianthus coloradensis f. sulphurea Cockerell; Torreya 18: 181 (1918)
= Helianthus fascicularis Greene; Pl. Baker 3: 28 (1901)
= Helianthus giganteus f. verticillatus Lakela; Rhodora 49: 21 (1947)
= Helianthus giganteus var. utahensis D.C.Eaton; S. Wats., Botany [Fortieth Parallel]: 169 (1871)
= Helianthus nuttallii f. verticillatus (Lakela) B.Boivin; Phytologia 23(1): 74 (1972)
= Helianthus nuttallii subsp. canadensis R.W.Long; Brittonia 18: 77 (1966)
= Helianthus nuttallii subsp. coloradensis (Cockerell) R.W.Long; Rhodora 56: 199 (1954)
= Helianthus parishii var. coloradensis (Cockerell) Cockerell; Torreya 18: 181 (1918)
= Helianthus subtuberosus f. verticillatus B.Boivin; Naturaliste Canad. 87: 36 (1960)
= Helianthus utahensis (D.C.Eaton) A.Nelson; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 29: 405 (1902)
subspecies :
subsp. parishii (A.Gray) Heiser; Contr. Dudley Herb. 4: 316 (1955)
Name: Parish´s or Los Angeles sunflower
Distribution: USA (California)
76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Helianthus californicus var. parishii (A.Gray) Jeps.; Man. Fl. Pl. Calif.: 1077 (1925)
= Helianthus oliveri A.Gray; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 20: 299 (1885)
= Helianthus parishii A.Gray; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 19: (1883) 7
= Helianthus parishii f. oliveri (A.Gray) Cockerell; Torreya 18: 181 (1918)
subspecies :
subsp. rydbergii (Britton) R.W.Long; Brittonia. 18: 77 (1966)
Name: Rydberg´s sunflower
Distribution: Canada (Alberta, Manitoba, Ontario, Québec, Saskatchewan); USA (Colorado, Iowa, Minnesota, Montana, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota)
71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Helianthus apricus Lunell; Midl. Naturalist (Notre Dame) 1: 237 (1910)
= Helianthus apricus var. camporum (Lunell) Lunell; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 2: 127 (1911)
= Helianthus nitidus Lunell; Midl. Naturalist (Notre Dame) 1: 236 (1910)
= Helianthus nitidus var. camporum Lunell; Midl. Naturalist (Notre Dame) 1: 237 (1910)
= Helianthus nitidus var. trifoliatus Lunell; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 5: 63, 64 (1917)
= Helianthus nuttallii var. rydbergii (Britton) B.Boivin; Phytologia 23: 74 (1972)
= Helianthus rydbergii Britton; Man. Fl. N. U. S. 993 (1901)
= Helianthus subtuberosus var. rydbergii (Britton) B.Boivin; Naturaliste Canad. 87: 36 (1960)
species :
Helianthus occidentalis Riddell; Suppl. Cat. Ohio Pl. 13 (1836)
subspecies :
subsp. occidentalis
Distribution: USA (Arkansas, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Missouri, New Jersey, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin)
74 USA 75 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Helianthus dowellianus M.A.Curtis; Am. J. Sci. 44: 82 (1843)
= Helianthus illinoensis Gleason; Ohio Naturalist 5: 214 (1904)
= Helianthus occidentalis var. dowellianus (M.A.Curtis) Torr. & A.Gray; Fl. N. Amer. (Torr. & A. Gray) 2: 504 (1843)
= Helianthus occidentalis var. illinoensis (Gleason) F.C.Gates; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 37: 81 (1910)
subspecies :
subsp. plantagineus (Torr. & A.Gray) Heiser; Mem. Torrey Bot. Club. 22(3): 107 (1969)
Name: Shinner´s sunflower
Distribution: USA (Arkansas, Texas)
77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Helianthus occidentalis var. plantagineus Torr. & A.Gray; Fl. N. Amer. 2: 323 (1842)
= Helianthus plantagineus (Torr. & A.Gray) E.Watson; Papers Mich. Acad. Sci. 9: 367 (1928 publ. 1929)
species :
Helianthus paradoxus Heiser; Rhodora 60: 272 (1958)
subspecies :
subsp. paradoxus
Name: Pecos or paradox sunflower
Distribution: USA (New Mexico, Texas)
77 USA
subspecies :
subsp. cuatrocienegensis Sivinski; Phytoneuron 2016-38: 1 (2016)
Distribution: Mexico (Coahuila)
79 MEX
species :
Helianthus pauciflorus Nutt.; Gen. N. Amer. Pl. 2: 177 (1818)
subspecies :
subsp. pauciflorus
Name: Stiff sunflower (EN), Wenigblütige Sonnenblume (DE)
Distribution: Norway [I]; Germany [I]; Liechtenstein [I]; Austria [I]; Czech Republic [I]; Slovakia [I]; Hungary [I]; Spain [I]; France [I]; Sardinia [I]; Italy [I]; Sicily [I]; Croatia [I]; Serbia; Kosovo [I]; Lithuania [I]; Ukraine [I]; Russian Far East [I] (Amur [I], Khabarovsk [I], Primorye [I]); India [c]; Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Ontario, Prince Edward Isl., Québec, Saskatchewan); USA (Arkansas, Connecticut, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Texas, Vermont, Virginia, Wisconsin)
10 nor 11 aut cze ger hun lie slo 12 fra sar spa 13 cro ita kos sic SRB 14 lit ukr 31 rfe 40 ind 71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Harpalium rigidum (Desf.) Cass. ex DC.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 5: 583 (1836)
= Helianthus asper Bosse; Vollst. Handb. Bl.-Gärtn. 2: 564 (1829)
= Helianthus atrorubens Michx.; Fl. Bor. Am. 2: 140 (1803)
= Helianthus crassifolius Nutt.; Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc., ser. 2, 7: 367 (1840)
= Helianthus diffusus Sims; Bot. Mag. t. 2020 (1818) non Moench 1802
= Helianthus diffusus var. missouriensis (Schwein. ex Nutt.) Appleton; Garden (London, 1871-1927) 34: 430 (1888)
= Helianthus missouriensis Schwein. ex Nutt.; Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc., ser. 2, 7: 368 (1840)
= Helianthus pedunculatus Link; Enum. Hort. Berol. Alt. 2: 352 (1822)
= Helianthus rigidus (Cass.) Desf.; Tabl. École Bot., ed. 3 (Cat. Pl. Horti Paris.) 184 (1829)
= Helianthus ×laetiflorus f. rigidus (Cass.) B.Boivin; Naturaliste Canad. 94: 647 (1967)
= Helianthus ×laetiflorus var. rigidus (Cass.) Fernald; Rhodora 48: 79 (1946)
subspecies :
subsp. subrhomboideus (Rydb.) O.Spring & E.E.Schill.; Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 18(1): 22 (1990)
Distribution: Hungary [I]; Canada (Alberta, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Québec, Saskatchewan); USA (Colorado, Connecticut, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Maine, Massachusetts, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, North Dakota, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Texas, Vermont, Wisconsin, Wyoming)
11 hun 71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 77 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Helianthus pauciflorus subsp. subrhomboideus (Rydb.) Kartesz & Gandhi; Phytologia 68(6): 423 (1990)
= Helianthus pauciflorus var. subrhomboideus (Rydb.) Cronquist; H. A. Gleason & Cronquist, Man. Vasc. Pl. Northeast. U. S. & Adjacent Canada, ed. 2: 864 (1991)
= Helianthus rigidus subsp. subrhomboideus (Rydb.) Heiser; Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 22(3): 136 (1969)
= Helianthus rigidus var. subrhomboideus (Rydb.) B.L.Turner; Sida Bot. Misc. 24: 6 (2003)
= Helianthus rigidus var. subrhomboideus (Rydb.) Cronquist; Fl. Pacific Northwest: 528 (1973)
= Helianthus subrhomboideus Rydb.; Mem. N. York Bot. Gard. 1: 419 (1900)
= Helianthus ×laetiflorus var. subrhomboideus (Rydb.) Fernald; Rhodora 48: 79 (1946)
= Helianthus ×scaberrimus var. subrhomboideus (Rydb.) Farw.; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 8: 278 (1923)
species :
Helianthus petiolaris Nutt.; J. Acad. Sci. Philad. 2: 115 (1821)
subspecies :
subsp. petiolaris
Name: Prairie sunflower (EN), Gestielte Sonnenblume (DE)
Distribution: England [I]; Northern Ireland [I]; Norway [I]; Belgium [I]; Germany [I]; Austria [I]; Lithuania [I]; E-European Russia [I]; Ukraine [I]; Russian Far East [I] (Primorye [I]); Canada (Alberta, Manitoba, Ontario, Saskatchewan); USA (Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Louisiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming); Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Sonora, Tamaulipas); Argentina [I] (Buenos Aires [I], Entre Rios [I], La Pampa [I])
10 grb ire nor 11 aut bgm ger 14 lit rus ukr 31 rfe 71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX 85 arg
Synonyms: hidden
= Helianthus annuus subsp. couplandii (B.Boivin) Á.Löve & D.Löve; Taxon, 31(2): 357 (1982)
= Helianthus annuus subsp. petiolaris (Nutt.) Anashch.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 59(10): 1476 (1974)
= Helianthus couplandii B.Boivin; Phytologia. 23(1): 72 (1972)
= Helianthus integrifolius Nutt.; Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc., ser. 2, 7: 366 (1840)
= Helianthus patens Lehm.; Index Seminum (HBG, Hamburgensis) 1821: 8 (1821)
= Helianthus petiolaris var. integrifolius Cockerell; Torreya 18: 13 (1918)
= Helianthus petiolaris var. patens (Lehm.) Rydb. ex Porter & Britton; Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 5: 334 (1894)
= Helianthus petiolaris var. phenax Cockerell; Nature 66: 174 (1902)
= Helianthus undulatus F.Dietr.; Neu. Nachtr. Vollst. Lex. Gärtn. 4: 365 (1835)
variant :
var. canescens A.Gray; Smithsonian Contr. Knowl. 3(art. 5): 108 (1852)
Distribution: Mexico (Baja California Norte, Coahuila)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Helianthus canescens (A.Gray) S.Watson
= Helianthus canus (Britton) Wooton & Standl.; Contrib. US. Nat. Herb. 16: 190 (1913)
= Helianthus niveus subsp. canescens (A.Gray) Heiser; Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 22(3): 43 (1969)
= Helianthus petiolaris var. canus Britton; Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 5: 334 (1894)
subspecies :
subsp. fallax Heiser; Rhodora. 60: 279, fig. 3 (1958)
Distribution: USA (Arizona, Colorado, Nevada, Utah); Mexico
73 USA 76 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Helianthus petiolaris var. fallax (Heiser) B.L.Turner; Phytologia 69(1): 15 (1990)
= Helianthus petiolaris var. fallax (Heiser) S.L.Welsh; Utah Fl., ed. 4. 233 (2008), isonym
species :
Helianthus porteri (A.Gray) Pruski; Castanea, 63(1): 75 (1998)
Name: Confederate daisy
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina)
78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Gymnolomia porteri (A.Gray) A.Gray; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 12: 59 (1876)
= Helianthus porteri (A.Gray) Heiser; Indiana Acad. Sci. 88: 371 (1979)
= Heliomeris porteri (A.Gray) Cockerell; Torreya 18: 183 (1918)
= Rudbeckia porteri A.Gray; Mem. Am. Acad. N. S. 4: 83 (1849)
= Viguiera porteri (A.Gray) S.F.Blake; Contrib. Gray Herb. n. s. 54: 114 (1918)
species :
Helianthus praecox Engelm. & A.Gray; Bost. J. Nat. Hist. 5: 221 (1847)
subspecies :
subsp. praecox
Name: Texas sunflower
Distribution: USA (Texas)
77 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Helianthus cucumerifolius var. praecox (Engelm. & A.Gray) A.Gray; Rep. U. S. Mex. Bound., Bot. [Emory] 90 (1858)
= Helianthus debilis subsp. praecox (Engelm. & A.Gray) Heiser; Madroño 13: 160 (1956)
variant :
var. hirtus (Heiser) B.L.Turner; Phytologia 96(2): 108 (2014)
Name: Dimmit sunflower
Distribution: USA (Texas)
77 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Helianthus debilis subsp. hirtus Heiser; Madroño 13: 162, fig. 7 (1956)
= Helianthus praecox subsp. hirtus (Heiser) Heiser; Mem. Torrey Bot. Club. 22(3): 54 (1969)
subspecies :
subsp. runyonii (Heiser) Heiser; Mem. Torrey Bot. Club. 22(3): 54 (1969)
Name: Runyon´s sunflower
Distribution: USA (Texas)
77 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Helianthus debilis subsp. runyonii Heiser; Madroño 13: 161, fig. 7 (1956)
= Helianthus praecox var. runyonii (Heiser) B.L.Turner; Phytologia 69(1): 15 (1990)
species :
Helianthus pumilus Nutt.; Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc., ser. 2, 7: 366 (1840)
Name: Little sunflower
Distribution: USA (Colorado, Wyoming)
73 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Helianthus pumilus var. nicolletii Torr. & A.Gray; Fl. N. Amer. 2: 331 (1842)
species :
Helianthus radula (Pursh) Torr. & A.Gray; Fl. N. Am. 2: 321 (1842)
Name: Rayless or pineland sunflower
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, South Carolina)
78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Centrocarpha radula (Pursh) D.Don; Sw., Brit. Fl. Gard. Ser. II. 4: sub t. 87 (1831)
= Echinomeria apetala Leconte ex Nutt.; Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. 7: 356 (1841)
= Helianthus apetalus Leconte ex Nutt.; Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc., ser. 2, 7: 354 (1840)
= Helianthus atrorubens subsp. radula (Pursh) Anashch.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 59(10): 1477 (1974)
= Neactelis strigosa Raf.; New Fl. 4: 69 (1838)
= Rudbeckia apetala Torr. ex Nutt.; J. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 7: 77 (1834)
= Rudbeckia radula Pursh; Fl. Am. Sept. 2: 575 (1813)
species :
Helianthus resinosus Small; Fl. S. E. U. S. 1269 (1903)
Name: Resindot sunflower
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina)
78 USA
species :
Helianthus salicifolius A.Dietr.; Otto & D. Dietr. Allg. Gartenz. 2: 337 (1834)
Name: Weidenblättrige Sonnenblume (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Poland [I]; Ukraine [I]; New Zealand [I]; USA (Kansas, Missouri, Nebraska, Oklahoma, Texas)
11 ger pol 14 ukr 51 nzl 74 USA 75 USA 77 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Helianthus filiformis Small; Fl. S. E. U. S. 1265 (1903)
= Helianthus orgyalis DC.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 5: 586 (1836)
= Helianthus ×filiformis (Small) R.W.Long; Rhodora 56: 202 (1954)
species :
Helianthus schweinitzii Torr. & A.Gray; Fl. N. Am. 2: 330 (1842)
Name: Schweinitz´ sunflower
Distribution: USA (North Carolina, South Carolina)
78 USA
species :
Helianthus silphioides Nutt.; Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc., ser. 2, 7: 366 (1840)
Name: Rosinweed sunflower
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Illinois, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, Oklahoma, Tennessee)
74 USA 75 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Helianthus atrorubens var. pubescens Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 343 (1891)
= Helianthus kentuckiensis McFarland & W.A.Anderson; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 9: 139 (137-141
species :
Helianthus simulans E.Watson; Papers Mich. Acad. Sci. 9: 363 (1928 publ. 1929)
Name: Muck sunflower
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, South Carolina)
78 USA
species :
Helianthus smithiorum Heiser; Rhodora 66: 346 (1964)
Name: Smith´s sunflower
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Georgia, Tennessee)
78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Helianthus parviflorus var. attenuatus A.Gray; Syn. Fl. N. Amer. 1(2): 278 (1884), non H. attenuatus E. Watson 1929
species :
Helianthus strumosus L.; Sp. Pl. 905 (1753)
Name: Rough sunflower, hélianthe scrofuleux
Distribution: Belgium [I]; Poland [I]; France [I]; Lithuania [I]; Belarus [I]; European Russia [I]; Ukraine [I]; Crimea [I]; Canada (Ontario, Québec); USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Vermont, Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin)
11 bgm pol 12 fra 14 blr kry lit rus ukr 72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Helianthus altissimus DC.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 5: 590 (1836)
= Helianthus australis Small; Fl. S.E. U.S.: 1268 (1903), nom. illeg.
= Helianthus decapitatus L.; Sp. Pl. 905 (1753)
= Helianthus floribundus E.Watson; Pap. Michigan Acad. Sci. 9: 405 (1929)
= Helianthus laevis Walter; Fl. Carol. 215 (1788) non L.
= Helianthus macrophyllus Willd.; Hort. Berol. 1: t. 70 (1806)
= Helianthus mollis Willd.; Sp. Pl. 3: 2240 (1803)
= Helianthus montanus E.Watson; Papers Mich. Acad. Sci. 9: 403 (1928 publ. 1929)
= Helianthus neglectus Otto ex A.Gray; Syn. Fl. N. Am. 1: II. 279 (1884)
= Helianthus saxicola Small; Fl. S. E. U. S. 1268 (1903)
= Helianthus strumosus subsp. decapitatus (L.) Anashch.; Bot. Zhurn. 59(10): 1480 (1974)
= Helianthus strumosus var. leptophyllus Torr. & A.Gray; Fl. N. Amer. 2: 327 (1842)
= Helianthus strumosus var. mollis Torr. & A.Gray; Fl. N. Amer. 2: 327 (1842)
= Helianthus strumosus var. tomentulosus House; Bull. New York State Mus. Nat. Hist. 254: 726 (1924)
species :
Helianthus tuberosus L.; Sp. Pl. 905 (1753)
Name: Jerusalem artichoke (EN), Topinambur (DE)
Distribution: England [I]; Ireland [I]; Norway [I]; Sweden [I]; Netherlands [I]; Belgium [I]; Luxembourg [I]; Germany [I]; Switzerland [I]; Liechtenstein [I]; Austria [I]; Poland [I]; Czech Republic [I]; Slovakia [I]; Hungary [I]; Portugal [I]; Spain [I]; Andorra [I]; Baleares [I] (Mallorca [I], Menorca [I]); France [I]; Corsica [I]; Sardinia [I]; Italy [I]; Sicily [I]; Malta [I]; San Marino [I]; Slovenia [I]; Croatia [I]; Bosnia & Hercegovina [I]; Serbia; Kosovo [I]; North Macedonia [I]; Albania [I]; Romania [I]; Bulgaria [I]; Greece [I]; Estonia [I]; Latvia [I]; Lithuania [I]; Belarus [I]; European Russia [I]; Moldova [I]; Ukraine [I]; Crimea [I]; Morocco [I]; Libya [I]; Azores [I] (Faial [I], Flores Isl. [I], Graciosa [I], Sta. Maria [I]); Madeira [I]; Siberia [I]; Russian Far East [I]; Kazakhstan [I]; Turkmenistan [I]; Uzbekistan [I]; Northern Caucasus [I]; Turkey [I]; Cyprus [I]; Lebanon [I]; Israel [I]; Jordania [I]; China [I]; South Korea [I]; Japan [I]; Taiwan [I]; Pakistan [I]; Nepal [I]; India [I]; Myanmar [I]; Thailand [c]; Laos [I]; Vietnam [I]; Java [I]; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], New South Wales [I], South Australia [I], Australian Capital Territory [I]); New Zealand [I]; Fiji [I]; Canada (Manitoba, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Isl., Québec, Saskatchewan); USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming); Cuba [c]; Hispaniola [c]; Puerto Rico [c]; Virgin Isl. [c]; Trinidad & Tobago [c]; Argentina [I] (Buenos Aires [I], Entre Rios [I], La Pampa [I]); Chile [I] (Valparaíso [I], Metropolitana de Santiago [I], O´Higgins [I], Maule [I], Ñuble [I], Biobío [I], Araucanía [I], Los Lagos [I])
10 grb ire nor swe 11 aut bgm cze ger hun lie lux net pol slo swi 12 ado bal cor fra por sar spa 13 alb bih bul cro grc ita kos mlt nma rom sic slv sma SRB 14 blr est kry lat lit mld rus ukr 20 lby mor 21 azo mdr 30 sib 31 rfe 32 kaz tkm uzb 33 ncs 34 cyp isr jor leb tur 36 chi 38 jap kor tai 40 ind nep pak 41 lao mya tha vie 42 jaw 50 aus 51 nzl 60 fij 71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 81 cub his pue trt vir 85 arg cle
Synonyms: hidden
= Helianthemum tuberosum Garsault; Fig. Pl. Méd. 2: t. 298 (1764), opus utique rej.
= Helianthus doronicoides Torr. & A.Gray; Fl. N. Am. 2: 327, partim (1842)
= Helianthus esculentus Warsz.; Otto & Dietrich, Allg. Gartenzeitung 20: 293 (1852), nom. illeg.
= Helianthus pubescens Aiton; Bot. Reg. 7: t. 524 (1821)
= Helianthus serotinus Tausch; Flora 11: 504 (1828)
= Helianthus spathulatus Elliott; Sketch Bot. S. Carolina 2: 421 (1823)
= Helianthus squarrosus Nutt.; Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc., ser. 2, 7: 367 (1841)
= Helianthus strumosus subsp. tomentosus (Michx.) Anashch.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 59(10): 1480 (1974)
= Helianthus subcanescens (A.Gray) E.Watson; Pap. Michigan Acad. Sci. 9: 430 (1929)
= Helianthus tomentosus Michx.; Fl. Bor. Am. (Michaux) 2: 141 (1803)
= Helianthus tuberosus f. moldenkeanus Oswald; Phytologia 52(2): 93 (1982), with two types cited
= Helianthus tuberosus f. oswaldiae Oswald; Phytologia 44(6): 419 (1979)
= Helianthus tuberosus var. albus Cockerell; Amer. Naturalist 53: 189 (1919)
= Helianthus tuberosus var. alexandri Cockerell; Amer. Naturalist 53: 188 (1919)
= Helianthus tuberosus var. fusiformis Cockerell; Amer. Naturalist 53: 189 (1919)
= Helianthus tuberosus var. multituberculatus Cockerell; Monthly Bull. Calif. Commiss. Hort., reimpr. 8(5): 6 (1919)
= Helianthus tuberosus var. nebrascensis Cockerell; Amer. Naturalist 53: 188 (1919)
= Helianthus tuberosus var. purpurellus Cockerell; Amer. Naturalist 53: 189 (1919)
= Helianthus tuberosus var. purpureus Cockerell; Amer. Naturalist 53: 190 (1919)
= Helianthus tuberosus var. subcanescens A.Gray; Syn. Fl. N. Amer. 1(2): 280 (1884)
species :
Helianthus verticillatus Small; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club, 479 (1898)
Name: Whorled sunflower
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Georgia, Tennessee)
78 USA
species :
Helianthus winteri J.C.Stebbins; Aliso 31(1): 19 (2013)
Distribution: USA (California)
76 USA
species :
Helianthus ×alexidis B.Boivin; Phytologia 23(1): 73 (1972)
Distribution: Canada (Manitoba)
71 CDN
Remarks: Helianthus maximilianii x nuttallii
species :
Helianthus ×ambiguus (Torr. & A.Gray) Britton; Rhodora 56: 202 (1954)
Distribution: USA (Michigan, New York, Ohio, Wisconsin)
74 USA 75 USA
Remarks: Helianthus divaricatus x giganteus
Synonyms: hidden
= Helianthus giganteus var. ambiguus Torr. & A.Gray; Fl. N. Amer. 2: 325 (1842)
species :
Helianthus ×brevifolius (E.Watson) R.C.Jacks. & Guard; Proc. Indiana Acad. Sci. 66: 314 (1957)
Distribution: USA (Ohio)
75 USA
Remarks: Helianthus grosseserratus x mollis
Synonyms: hidden
= Helianthus brevifolius E.Watson; Papers Mich. Acad. Sci. 9: 448 (1928 publ. 1929)
species :
Helianthus ×cinereus (Torr. & A.Gray) R.C.Jacks. & Guard; Amer. Midl. Nat. 58: 428 (1957)
Distribution: USA (Texas)
77 USA
Remarks: Helianthus mollis x occidentalis ssp. plantagineus
Synonyms: hidden
= Helianthus cinereus Torr. & A.Gray; Fl. N. Am. 2: 324 (1842)
species :
Helianthus ×divariserratus R.W.Long; Rhodora 56: 200 (1954)
Distribution: USA (Connecticut, Michigan, Indiana)
75 USA
Remarks: Helianthus divaricatus x grosseserratus
species :
Helianthus ×doronicoides (Lam.) R.C.Jacks.; Rhodora 58: 99 (1956)
Name: Gämswurz-Sonnenblume (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; USA
11 ger 74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Remarks: Helianthus giganteus x mollis
Synonyms: hidden
= Helianthus angustifolius subsp. doronicoides (Lam.) Anashch.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 59(10): 1479 (1974)
= Helianthus doronicoides Lam.; Encyc. 3: 84 (1786)
= Helianthus hookeri G.Don; Loudon Hort. Brit. 358 (1830)
= Helianthus pilosus Tausch; Flora 11: 502 (1828)
= Helianthus pubescens Hook.; Bot. Mag. t. 2778 (1827)
species :
Helianthus ×glaucus (Small) D.M.Sm. & Guard; Brittonia 10: 142 (1958)
Distribution: USA (Arkansas, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, Florida, North Carolina, South Carolina, Kentucky, Tennessee, Ohio, Indiana, Virginia, West Virginia)
75 USA 78 USA
Remarks: Helianthus divaricatus x microcephalus
Synonyms: hidden
= Helianthus glaucus Small; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club, 480 (1898)
species :
Helianthus ×intermedius R.W.Long; Rhodora 56: 201 (1954)
Distribution: USA (Ohio, Michigan, Minnesota, Texas)
75 USA 77 USA
Remarks: Helianthus grosseserratus x maximilianii
species :
Helianthus ×kellermanii (Britton) R.W.Long; Rhodora 56: 200 (1954)
Distribution: USA (Kansas, Wisconsin, Ohio, New York, Massachusetts, Maine, etc.)
74 USA 75 USA
Remarks: Helianthus grosseserratus x salicifolius
Synonyms: hidden
= Helianthus kellermani Britton; Man. Fl. N. U. S. 994 (1901)
species :
Helianthus ×laetiflorus Pers.; Syn. Pl. 2: 476 (1807)
Name: Blühfreudige Sonnenblume, Bastard-Sonnenblume (DE)
Distribution: Denmark [I]; Netherlands [I]; Germany [I]; Poland [I]; Czech Republic [I]; Hungary [I]; France [I]; Greece [I]; C-European Russia [I]; East Aegaean Isl. [I] (Lesvos [I]); New Zealand [I]; Canada (New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Ontario, Québec); USA (Alabama, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Vermont, Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin); Argentina [I] (Buenos Aires [I], La Pampa [I])
10 den 11 cze ger hun net pol 12 fra 13 grc 14 rus 34 eai 51 nzl 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA 85 arg
Remarks: Helianthus pauciflorus x tuberosus
Synonyms: hidden
= Helianthus ×atrorubens Lam.; Encycl. 3: 86 (1789), nom. illeg.
= Helianthus ×scaberrimus Elliott; Sketch Bot. S. Carolina 2: 423 (1823)
= Helianthus ×severus E.Watson; Pap. Michigan Acad. Sci. 9: 428 (1929)
= Helianthus ×superbus Bergmans; Vaste Pl. Rotsheesters: 264 (1924)
= Helianthus ×superbus E.Watson; Pap. Michigan Acad. Sci. 9: 461 (1929), nom. illeg.
= Helianthus ×tricuspis Elliott; Sketch Bot. S. Carolina 2: 422 (1823)
species :
Helianthus ×luxurians (E.Watson) R.W.Long; Rhodora 56: 201 (1954)
Distribution: USA (Ohio, Minnesota, Wisconsin, etc.)
74 USA 75 USA
Remarks: Helianthus giganteus x grosseserratus
Synonyms: hidden
= Helianthus luxurians E.Watson; Papers Mich. Acad. Sci. 9: 464 (1928 publ. 1929)
= Helianthus ×luxurians E.Watson ex R.W.Long; Brittonia 13: 138 (1961), pro spec.
= Helianthus ×membranaceus E.Watson; Pap. Michigan Acad. Sci. 9: 438 (1929)
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A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 19.4 (June 30th, 2024)

Covering 355,230 accepted species,
8,675 hybrids, 47,796 accepted infraspecific taxa and 997,888 synonyms,
in total 1,409,589* names

[*about 25,000 dubious, "unplaced" names and about 4,000 invalid names (Art. 24.3) like "typicus" are deliberately omitted]


With complete, detailed distribution data (countries and regions) and literature references

Arranged in linear phylogenetic sequence reflecting true relationships

Fully searchable and continously updated

With 38,209 pictures of 15,787 species

Assembled through 40 years independently from other databases

In cooperation with Catalogue of Life