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Ver. 18.4
Feb. 11th, 2024

257.0000 Family Fabaceae Lindl.; Edwards´ Bot. Reg. 22: ad t. 1845 (1836), nom. cons., nom. alt.
728 genera, ca. 22.300 spp. Phylogeny and new subfamily system: Azani et al. (LPWG) (2017)
Species listed in database: 22250; hybrids: 146
= Acaciaceae E.Mey.; Comm. Pl. Afr. Austr. 1: 164 (1836)
= Aspalathaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 51 (1820)
= Astragalaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 229 (1820)
= Bauhiniaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 67 (1820)
= Caesalpiniaceae R.Br.; M. Flinders, Voy. Terra Austral. 2: 551 (1814), nom. cons.
= Cassiaceae Vest; Anleit. Stud. Bot.: 270, 291 (1818)
= Ciceraceae Steele; Handb. Field Bot.: xx, 63 (1847)
= Coronillaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 162 (1820)
= Cytisaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 229 (1820)
= Dalbergiaceae Mart.; Consp. Regn. Veg.: 34 (1835)
= Daleaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 230 (1820)
= Detariaceae (DC.) J.Hess; Uebers. Phan. Nat. Pfl.-Fam.: 46 (1832)
= Galedupaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 277 (1820)
= Geoffroeaceae Mart.; Consp. Regn. Veg.: 34 (1835)
= Hedysaraceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 230 (1820)
= Inocarpaceae Zoll.; Syst. Verz. 2: 117 (1854-1855)
= Lathyraceae Burnett; Outlines Bot.: 660, 1092, 1138 (1835)
= Leguminosae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 345 (1789), nom. cons.
= Lotaceae Oken; Lehrb. Naturgesch. 2(2.2): xv, 727 (1826)
= Mimosaceae R.Br.; M. Flinders, Voy. Terra Austral. 2: 551 (1814), nom. cons.
= Papilionaceae Giseke; Prael. Ord. Nat. Pl.: 415 (1792), nom. cons., nom. alt.
= Phaseolaceae Mart.; Consp. Regn. Veg.: 34 (1835)
= Robiniaceae Vest; Anleit. Stud. Bot.: 270, 291 (1818)
= Sophoraceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 229 (1820)
= Swartziaceae Bartl.; Ord. Nat. Pl.: 231, 413 (1830)
= Tamarindaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 622 (1820)
= Trifoliaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 230 (1820)
= Viciaceae Oken; Lehrb. Naturgesch. 2(2.2): xv (1826)
257.8615 Genus Hippocrepis L.; Sp. Pl.: 744 (1753)
Distribution: Cape Verde Isl., Mediterranean, Sudan, Asia Minor, Iran, Crimea, Caucasus
Species listed in database: 35
= Emerus Mill.; Gard. Dict. Abridg. Ed. 4 (1754)
= Ferrum-equinum Tourn. ex Medik.; Vorles. Churpf Phys. Ges. 2: 370 (1787)
species :
Hippocrepis areolata Desv.; Mém. Soc. L. Paris 4: 329 (1826)
Distribution: Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt (NE-Egypt, NW-coastal Egypt); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia, S-Iraq, W-Iraq: Desert); Iran (S-Iran, W-Iran); Israel (C-Israel, coastal W-Israel, N-Negev Desert); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, N-Sinai, S-Sinai); Jordania (S-Jordania); Saudi Arabia (Dahana, NE-Saudi Arabia, N-Saudi Arabia, Nafud Desert, Asir, Nejd Desert); Qatar
20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 34 IRN IRQ ISR JOR SIN 35 QAT SAU
Synonyms: hidden
= Hippocrepis bicontorta Loisel.; Mem. Soc. L. Paris 6: 424 (1827)
= Hippocrepis bicontorta var. glabra Pamp.; Bull. Soc. Bot. Ital. 1914: 14 (1914)
= Hippocrepis bicontorta var. sinuosissima Pomel; Nouv. Mat. Fl. Atl. 1: 195 (1874)
= Hippocrepis cornigera Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. 2: 102 (1843)
= Hippocrepis divaricata Hochst. ex Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 2: 185 (1872)
= Hippocrepis multisiliquosa Vill.; Hist. Pl. Dauph. 3: 400 (1788) non L. 1753
= Hippocrepis velutina Duby; Bot. Gall. 1: 147 (1828)
species :
Hippocrepis atlantica Ball; J. Bot. 11: 307 (1873)
Distribution: Morocco; Algeria
20 ALG MOR
Remarks: comosa agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Hippocrepis scabra var. atlantica (Ball) Maire; Cat. Pl. Maroc 2: 421 (1932)
= Hippocrepis scabra var. glauca Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 24: 267 (1932)
= Hippocrepis scabra var. grandiflora Emb. & Maire; Cat. Pl. Maroc 2: 421 (1932)
species :
Hippocrepis balearica Jacq.; Misc. Austriaca 2: 305 (1782)
Distribution: Baleares (Mallorca, Menorca, Cabrera)
12 BAL
Remarks: balearica agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Hippocrepis fruticosa Rouy; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 35: 116 (1889) (nom. illeg.)
variant :
var. minoricensis P.Monts. ex M.Laínz; Fontqueria 24: 2 (1989)
Distribution: Baleares (Menorca)
12 BAL
species :
Hippocrepis biflora Spreng.; Pl. Min. Cogn. Pug. 2: 73 (1815)
Name: Zweiblütiger Hufeisenklee (DE); Two-flowered Horseshoe-vetch (EN)
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); Malta; San Marino; Croatia; ?Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Albania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Crimea; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt; Turkmenistan; Armenia; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey; Cyprus; Lebanon; Syria; Israel; Sinai peninsula; Jordania
12 BAL COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BUL CRO GRC ITA KRI MLT MNT PEL SIC SMA TUE 14 KRY 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 32 TKM 33 ARM AZE 34 CYP EAI ISR JOR LEB SIN SYR TUR
Remarks: unisiliquosa agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Hippocrepis annularis Steven; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 29: (1856) I. 163
= Hippocrepis unisiliquosa subsp. biflora (Spreng.) O.Bolòs & Vigo; Fl. Paisos Catalans 1: 642 (1984)
= Hippocrepis unisiliquosa var. ambigua Pomel; Nouv. Mat. Fl. Atl. 1: 195 (1874)
species :
Hippocrepis bisiliqua Forssk.; Fl. Aeg.-Arab. LXXI (1775)
Distribution: ?Tunisia; Libya; Turkey (SSW-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, S-Iraq, W-Iraq: Desert); Iran (N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, S-Iran, W-Iran); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, NW-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (C-Israel, coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, N-Negev Desert, Judean Desert, Negev Desert); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, N-Sinai); Jordania (S-Jordania); Saudi Arabia (Dahana, NE-Saudi Arabia, Nejd Desert)
20 LBY 34 CYP IRN IRQ ISR JOR SIN SYR TUR 35 SAU
Remarks: unisiliquosa agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Hippocrepis unisiliquosa subsp. bisiliqua (Forssk.) Bornm.; Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin 10: 438 (1928)
species :
Hippocrepis bourgaei (Nyman) Hervier; Bull. Acad. Int. Geogr. Bot. 17: 37 (1907)
Distribution: SE- & E-Spain
12 SPA
Remarks: comosa agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Hippocrepis bourgaei (Nyman) Font Quer; Mem. Mus. Ci. Not. Barcelona, Ser. Bot. 1: No. 2, 7 (1924)
= Hippocrepis comosa var. bourgaei (Nyman) O.Bolòs & Vigo; But. Inst. Catalana Hist. Nat., 38 Bot. 1: 72 (1974)
= Hippocrepis glauca subsp. bourgaei Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 186 (1878)
species :
Hippocrepis brevipetala (Murb.) Domínguez; Lagascalia 5: 252 (1976)
Distribution: ?Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia
20 ALG TUN
Remarks: minor agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Hippocrepis minor subsp. brevipetala (Murb.) Pott.-Alap.; Fl. Tunisie: 402 (1979) (comb. inval.)
= Hippocrepis minor var. brevipetala Murb.; Acta Univ. Lund. 33(I2): 80 (1897)
species :
Hippocrepis carpetana Lassen; Willdenowia 19: 61 (1989)
Distribution: WC-Spain (Sa. de Guadarrama, Sa. de Gredos)
12 SPA
Remarks: comosa agg.
species :
Hippocrepis castroviejoi Talavera & E.Domínguez; An. Jard. Bot. Madrid 57(2): 461 (1999 publ. 2000)
Distribution: S-Spain (Sa. de Gador etc.)
12 SPA
species :
Hippocrepis ciliata Willd.; Ges. Naturf. Freunde Berlin Mag. Neuesten Entdeck. Gesammten Naturk. 2: 173 (1808)
Name: Gewimperter Hufeisenklee (DE); Narrow-leaved Horseshoe-vetch (EN)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Portugal; Spain; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); Malta; ?San Marino; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; European Russia; Crimea; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iraq (W-Iraq: Desert); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus, N-Cyprus)
11 ger 12 BAL COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MLT MNT NMA PEL SIC SRB 14 KRY RUS 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN 34 CYP EAI IRQ TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Hippocrepis ambigua (Rouy) Bellot; An. Jard. Bot. Madrid 7: 236 (1948)
= Hippocrepis annua Lag.; Gen. et Sp. Nov. 23 (1816)
= Hippocrepis ciliata var. ambigua Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 306 (1899)
= Hippocrepis ciliata var. biciliata Sennen; Exsicc. (Pl. Esp.) 1925: no. 5646 (1926)
= Hippocrepis ciliata var. dicarpa (M.Bieb.) E.Domínguez; Lagascalia 5(2): 248 (1976)
= Hippocrepis dicarpa M.Bieb.; Fl. Taur.-Caucas. 3: 480 (1820)
= Hippocrepis multisiliquosa proles ciliata (Willd.) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 306 (1899)
= Hippocrepis multisiliquosa subsp. ciliata (Willd.) Maire; Jahand. et al., Cat. Pl. Maroc 2: 420 (1932)
= Hippocrepis multisiliquosa var. ambigua (Rouy) Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 23: 183 (1932)
= Hippocrepis multisiliquosa var. ciliata (Willd.) Rouy; Suite Fl. Fr. 2: 22 (1891)
species :
Hippocrepis commutata Pau; Bol. Soc. Aragonesa Cl. Nat. 2: 274 (1903)
Distribution: N- & C-Spain
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Hippocrepis comosa var. commutata (Pau) O.Bolòs & Vigo; But. Inst. Catalana Hist. Nat., 38 Bot. 1: 72 (1974)
species :
Hippocrepis comosa L.; Sp. Pl.: 744 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. comosa
Name: Gewöhnlicher Hufeisenklee (DE), Horseshoe vetch (EN)
Distribution: England; Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg [I], Mecklenburg-Vorpommern [I], Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Saarland, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Austria; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Spain; Andorra; Baleares; France; Channel Isl.; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Malta; San Marino; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; Greece; Crimea; USA [I] (Pennsylvania [I])
10 GRB 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET SLO SWI 12 ADO BAL CIS COR FRA SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS MLT MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SMA SRB 14 KRY 75 usa
Remarks: comosa agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Coronilla comosa (L.) Prantl; Exkursionsfl. Bayern, 368 (1884)
= Hippocrepis alpestris Arv.-Touv.; Essai Pl. Dauphiné: 25 (1871)
= Hippocrepis burgalensis Sennen; Butl. Inst. Catalana Hist. Nat. 32: 114 (1932)
= Hippocrepis comosa proles prostrata (Boiss.) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 304 (1899)
= Hippocrepis comosa subvar. microphylla Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 303 (1899)
= Hippocrepis comosa var. alpestris (Arv.-Touv.) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 304 (1899)
= Hippocrepis comosa var. alpina Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 304 (1899)
= Hippocrepis comosa var. broteana Hrabetová; Práce Morav.-Slez. Akad. Ved Prír. 21(4): 23 (1949)
= Hippocrepis comosa var. burgalensis (Sennen) Hrabetová; Práce Morav.-Slez. Akad. Ved Prír. 21(4): 22 (1949)
= Hippocrepis comosa var. diffusa Braun-Blanq.; 202 (1933)
= Hippocrepis comosa var. lignescens Hrabetová; Práce Morav.-Slez. Akad. Ved Prír. 21(4): 24 (1949)
= Hippocrepis comosa var. major Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 303 (1899)
= Hippocrepis comosa var. prostrata Boiss.; Voy. Bot. Espagne 2: 185 (1840)
= Hippocrepis comosa var. rolandi (Sennen) Hrabetová; Práce Morav.-Slez. Akad. Ved Prír. 21(4): 22 (1949)
= Hippocrepis helvetica G.Don; Loudon Hort. Brit. 308 (1830)
= Hippocrepis heterocarpa Sennen; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 73: 646 (1926 publ. 1927)
= Hippocrepis montgronyana Sennen & Pau; Sennen, Fl. Catal.: 54 (1917)
= Hippocrepis perennis Lam.; Fl. Franç. 2: 657 (1779), nom. superfl.
= Hippocrepis rolandi Sennen; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 73: 646 (1926 publ. 1927)
= Hippocrepis rolandi var. macrocarpa Sennen; Exsicc. (Pl. Esp.) 1926: no. 5709 (1926)
subspecies :
subsp. macedonica (Degen & Urum.) Kozuharov; Fl. Nar. Republ. Bulgariya 6: 230 (1976)
Distribution: Bulgaria
13 BUL
subspecies :
subsp. scorpioides (Req. ex Benth.) O.Bolòs, Vigo, Masalles & Ninot; Fl. Man. Països Catalans: 1213 (1990)
Distribution: NE-Spain
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Hippocrepis comosa f. rossetii (Sennen) Bellot; Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 7: 276 (1948)
= Hippocrepis comosa var. rossetii (Sennen) Hrabetová; Práce Morav.-Slez. Akad. Ved Prír. 21(4): 43 (1949)
= Hippocrepis comosa var. scorpioides (Req. ex Benth.) O.Bolòs & Vigo; Fl. Països Catalans 2: 825 (1990)
= Hippocrepis rossetii Sennen; Bol. Soc. Ibér. Ci. Nat. 26: 117 (1927 publ. 1928)
= Hippocrepis scorpioides Req. ex Benth.; Cat. Pl. Pyrénées: 90 (1826)
species :
Hippocrepis conradiae Gamisans & Hugot; Candollea 66(2): 274 (2011)
Distribution: Corsica
12 COR
species :
Hippocrepis constricta Kunze; Pug. Prim. Pl.: 12 (1842)
Distribution: Morocco; Algeria (incl. Hoggar); Tunisia; Libya (incl. Tibesti); Egypt (Nile Valley, SE-Egypt); Cape Verde Isl. (Sao Vicente Isl., Ilha da Boa Vista); Mauritania; N-Chad (Tibesti); Sudan; Iran (S-Iran); Israel (Rift Valley); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, S-Sinai); Saudi Arabia (Hejaz, Asir); Qatar
20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 21 CVI 22 MTN 24 CHA SUD 34 IRN ISR SIN 35 QAT SAU
Synonyms: hidden
= Hippocrepis arenaria Scheele; Linnaea 21: 573 (1848)
= Hippocrepis biflora Jacq. ex Walp.; Ann. Bot. Syst. 2: 407 (1852), nomen
= Hippocrepis bornmuelleri Hausskn. ex Bornm.; Mitth. Thüring. Bot. Vereins, n.f. 6: 53 (1894)
= Hippocrepis elongatula Hochst. ex Boiss.; Fl. Orient., Suppl.: 171 (1888), pro syn.
= Hippocrepis multicaulis Batt. & Trab.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 58: 626 (1911)
= Hippocrepis multisiliquosa subsp. constricta (Kunze) Maire; Emb. & Maire, Cat. Pl. Maroc: 1050 (1941)
= Hippocrepis multisiliquosa subsp. eilatensis Zohary; Fl. Palaestina 2. 456 (1972)
= Hippocrepis multisiliquosa subvar. leiocarpa Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 25: 301 (1934)
= Hippocrepis multisiliquosa var. trichocarpa Bornm.
species :
Hippocrepis cyclocarpa Murb.; Acta Univ. Lund. 33(12): 80 (1897)
Distribution: Crete; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt (NW-coastal Egypt)
13 KRI 20 EGY LBY TUN
Synonyms: hidden
= Hippocrepis cyclocarpa var. leiocarpa Pamp.; Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 26: 213 (1919)
= Hippocrepis cyclocarpa var. pubescens Pamp.; Piantae Tripol.: 138 (1914)
species :
Hippocrepis emerus (L.) Lassen; Svensk Bot. Tidskr. 83: 86 (1989)
subspecies :
subsp. emerus
Name: Strauchwicke (DE); Pale Crown-vetch (EN)
Distribution: Denmark [I]; S-Norway; Sweden; Luxembourg [I]; Germany (Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen [I], Hessen [I], Rheinland-Pfalz [I], Thüringen [I]); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Austria; Slovakia; Hungary; E-Spain; Andorra; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Malta; Slovenia; Croatia; Romania; China [I]
10 den NOR SWE 11 AUT GER HUN LIE lux SLO SWI 12 ADO COR FRA SAR SPA 13 CRO ITA MLT ROM SIC SLV 36 chi
Synonyms: hidden
= Coronilla emerus L.; Sp. Pl: 742 (1753)
= Coronilla emerus lusus monophylla Rikli; Ber. Schweiz. Bot. Ges. 14: 120 (1904)
= Coronilla emerus var. minor Gaudin; Fl. Helv. 4: 558 (1829)
= Coronilla florida Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 341 (1796), nom. superfl.
= Coronilla pauciflora Lam.; Fl. Franç. 2: 661 (1779)
= Emerus alpestris Scheele; Flora 26: 443 (1843)
= Emerus caesalpini Medik.; Vorles. Churpf. Phys. Ges. 2: 368 (1787)
= Emerus fruticosus Hornem.; Hort. Bot. Hafn. 2: 695 (1815)
= Emerus hortensis Desv.; Mem. Soc. Linn. Par. 4: 299 (1826)
= Emerus major Desv.; Mém. Soc. Linn. Paris 4: 299 (1826)
= Emerus major Moench; 157 (1794), nom. illeg.
= Emerus minor Desv.; Mém. Soc. Linn. Paris 4: 299 (1826)
subspecies :
subsp. emeroides (Boiss. & Spruner) Lassen; Svensk Bot. Tidskr. 83: 86 (1989)
Distribution: Italy; Sicily; San Marino; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; Greece (incl. Kiklades); European Russia; Crimea; Tunisia; +Libya; Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (Inner Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, N-Cyprus); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains)
13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS MNT NMA SIC SLV SMA SRB 14 KRY RUS 20 LBY TUN 33 NCS 34 CYP EAI LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Coronilla austriaca (Heimerl) Fritsch; A. Kern., Fl. Exsicc. Austro-Hung.: n 2802 (1899) (in sched.)
= Coronilla emeroides Boiss. & Spruner; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. 2: 100 (1843)
= Coronilla emerus Sm.; Sibth. & Sm., Fl. Graec. 8: 7, t. 710 (1832) (non L.)
= Coronilla emerus subsp. emeroides (Boiss. & Spruner) Hayek; , isony
= Coronilla emerus subsp. emeroides (Boiss. & Spruner) Holmboe]
= Coronilla emerus subsp. emeroides (Boiss. & Spruner) Hrabetová; Beih. Bot. Centrbl. 53, B: 47 (1935)
= Coronilla vaginalis Ledeb.; Fl. Ross. 1: 625 (1843), nom. illeg.
= Emerus major subsp. emeroides (Boiss. & Spruner) Soldano & F.Conti; Annot. Checkl. Italian Vasc. Fl. 18 (2005)
= Hippocrepis emeroides (Boiss. & Spruner) Czerep.; Vasc. Pl. Russia & Adj. States (former USSR): 247 (1995)
species :
Hippocrepis eriocarpa (Boiss.) Boiss.; Pl. Nov.: 37 (1838)
Distribution: S-Spain (E-Andalucia)
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Coronilla eriocarpa Boiss.; Elench. 37 (1838)
= Hippocrepis squamata proles eriocarpa (Boiss.) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 6(2): 861 (1909)
= Hippocrepis squamata subsp. eriocarpa (Boiss.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 187 (1878)
= Hippocrepis squamata var. eriocarpa (Boiss.) Willk.; Willk. & Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 3: 256 (1877)
species :
Hippocrepis fruticescens Sennen; Bol. Soc. Ibir. Cl. Nat. 26: 118 (1928)
Distribution: E-Spain
12 SPA
Remarks: comosa agg.
species :
Hippocrepis glauca Ten.; Fl. Napol. 2: 155 (1820)
Distribution: Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Croatia; ?Montenegro; Albania; Greece
12 SAR 13 ALB CRO GRC ITA SIC
Remarks: comosa agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Hippocrepis comosa Asso; Syn. Pl. Arag.: 101 (1779), nom. illeg.
= Hippocrepis comosa subsp. glauca (Ten.) Bonnier & Layens; Tabl. Synopt. Pl. Vasc. France: 91 (1894)
= Hippocrepis comosa var. glauca (Ten.) O.Bolòs & Vigo; Fl. Països Catalans 2: 825 (1990)
species :
Hippocrepis grosii (Pau) H.Boira, Gil & L.Llorens; Flora Medit. 5: 170 (1995 publ. 1996)
Distribution: Baleares (Ibiza)
12 BAL
Synonyms: hidden
= Hippocrepis balearica f. grosii (Pau) Bellot; Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 7: 253 (1948)
= Hippocrepis balearica subsp. grosii (Pau) Mus, Rosselló & N.Torres; Candollea 45(1): 79 (1990)
= Hippocrepis balearica var. grosii Pau; Brotéria, Ci. Nat. 3: 58 (1934)
= Hippocrepis grosii (Pau) Talavera & E.Domínguez; An. Jard. Bot. Madrid 57(2): 459 (1999 publ. 2000), isonym
species :
Hippocrepis liouvillei Maire; Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc 15: 28 (1927)
subspecies :
subsp. liouvillei
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Remarks: comosa agg.
subspecies :
subsp. acutiflora Emb.; Bull. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc 15: 206 (1936)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
species :
Hippocrepis maura Braun-Blanq. & Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 13:185 (1922)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Remarks: salzmannii agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Hippocrepis salzmannii subsp. maura (Braun-Blanq. & Maire) Maire; Jahand. & Maire, Cat. Pl. Maroc: 420 (1932)
species :
Hippocrepis minor Munby; Fl. Algérie: 80 (1847)
Distribution: Morocco; Algeria
20 ALG MOR
Remarks: minor agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Hippocrepis minor subsp. munbyana Quézel & Santa; Nouv. Fl. Algérie: 539 (1962) (nom. inval.)
= Hippocrepis minor var. curtidens Murb.; Contr. Fl. Tunisie [Murb.] 1, Acta Univ. Lund 33: 79 (1897)
= Hippocrepis minor var. inversa Sauvage; Bull. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc 25-27: 379 (1949)
= Hippocrepis minor var. leiocalycina Bornm.; Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 10: 449 (1929)
= Hippocrepis minor var. major (Ball) Pau & Font Quer; Font Quer, Iter Marocc. 1930 no. 370, in sched. (1932)
= Hippocrepis multisiliquosa var. major Ball; Spicil. Fl. Marocc. [Ball]: 429 (1878)
species :
Hippocrepis monticola Durieu ex Lassen; Willdenowia 19(1): 61 (1989)
Distribution: Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya
20 ALG LBY MOR TUN
Remarks: comosa agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Hippocrepis scabra var. maroccana Pau & Font Quer; Font Quer, Iter Marocc. 1928 no. 276, in sched. (1929)
= Hippocrepis scabra var. mauritii Sennen; Diagn. Nouv. Pl. Espagne & Maroc: 189 (1951)
= Hippocrepis scabra var. pallidula Emb. & Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 28: 352 (1937)
= Hippocrepis scabra var. sublaevis Maire & Weiller; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 29: 416 (1938)
= Hippocrepis scabra var. trichocarpa Humbert; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 18: 147 (1927)
species :
Hippocrepis multisiliquosa L.; Sp. Pl.: 744 (1753)
Name: Vielblütiger Hufeisenklee (DE); Many-flowered Horseshoe-vetch (EN)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; ?Italy; Sicily; Malta; Croatia; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt (NE-Egypt); Madeira (Madeira Isl., Porto Santo Isl.); Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, La Gomera, Hierro); East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (N-Anatolia, S-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Iraq; Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus); Lebanon (coastal W-Lebanon); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel); Israel (Negev Desert); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, N-Sinai); Jordania (S-Jordania); Qatar
11 ger 12 BAL COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 CRO GRC KRI MLT SIC 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 21 CNY MDR 34 CYP EAI IRQ ISR JOR LEB SIN TUR 35 QAT
Synonyms: hidden
= Ferrum-equinum multiflorum Moench; Methodus 119 (1794), nom. illeg.
= Ferrum-equinum multisiliquosum (L.) Medik.; Vorles. Churpf. Phys. Ges. 2: 371 (1787)
= Hippocrepis biflora Sennen & Mauricio; Cat. Fl. Rif Orient.: 146 (1933), nomen illeg.
= Hippocrepis comosa subvar. leiocarpa Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 22: 301 (1934)
= Hippocrepis comosa subvar. trachycarpa Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 25: 301 (1934)
= Hippocrepis comosa var. austro-oranensis Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 24: 212 (1933)
= Hippocrepis comosa var. banica Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 20: 212 (1933)
= Hippocrepis confusa f. siciliana Uhrova; Práce Morav.-Slez. Akad. Ved Prír. 4: 111 (1950)
= Hippocrepis confusa Pau; Bull. Acad. Int. Géogr. Bot. 16(2): 75 (1906)
= Hippocrepis confusa subvar. leiocarpa Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 22: 301 (1934)
= Hippocrepis confusa subvar. trachycarpa Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 22: 301 (1934)
= Hippocrepis confusa var. austro-oranensis Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 24: 212 (1933)
= Hippocrepis confusa var. banica Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 24: 212 (1933)
= Hippocrepis multisiliquosa f. subrecta Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 31: 17 (1940)
= Hippocrepis multisiliquosa subsp. confusa (Pau) Maire; Jahand. & Maire, Cat. Pl. Maroc: 420 (1932)
= Hippocrepis multisiliquosa var. confusa (Pau) Pau; Bol. Soc. Aragonesa Ci. Nat. 15: 164 (1916)
= Hippocrepis multisiliquosa var. siciliana (Hrabetová) E.Domínguez; Lagascalia 5(2): 250 (1976)
= Hippocrepis multisiliquosa var. subcyclocarpa Maire & Sennen; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 27: 223 (1936)
species :
Hippocrepis neglecta Lassen; Willdenowia 19: 61 (1989)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Remarks: minor agg.
species :
Hippocrepis nevadensis (Hrabetová) Talavera & E.Domínguez; An. Jard. Bot. Madrid 57(2): 460 (1999 publ. 2000)
Distribution: S-Spain (Sa. Nevada)
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Hippocrepis comosa f. nevadensis Hrabetová; Práce Morav.-Slez. Akad. Ved Prír. 21(4): 44 (1949)
= Hippocrepis comosa var. nevadensis Hrabetová; Práce Morav.-Slez. Akad. Ved Prír. 21(4): 44 (1949)
= Hippocrepis scorpioides var. nevadensis (Hrabetová) Lassen; Willdenowia 16: 111 (1986)
species :
Hippocrepis prostrata Boiss.; Elench. Pl. Nov.: 38 (1838)
Distribution: S-Spain (Sa. Nevada)
12 SPA
Remarks: comosa agg.
species :
Hippocrepis rupestris Laza; An. Jard. Bot. Madrid 6: II. 308 (1946), sine descr. lat.; et ex Bellotin An. Jard. Bot. Madrid 7: 309 (1948)
Distribution: S-Spain
12 SPA
Remarks: comosa agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Hippocrepis scabra f. baetica (Font Quer) Bellot; Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 7: 302 (1948)
= Hippocrepis scabra f. elatior Hrabetová; Práce Morav.-Slez. Akad. Ved Prír. 22(12): 342 (1950)
= Hippocrepis scabra f. fruticulosa Hrabetová; Práce Morav.-Slez. Akad. Ved Prír. 22(12): 342 (1950)
= Hippocrepis scabra f. pedunculata Hrabetová; Práce Morav.-Slez. Akad. Ved Prír. 22(12): 342 (1950)
= Hippocrepis scabra subsp. baetica Font Quer; Cavanillesia 7: 75 (1935)
= Hippocrepis scabra subsp. rupestris (Laza) Malag.; Sin. Fl. Ibér. 41: 647 (1976)
species :
Hippocrepis salzmannii Boiss. & Reut.; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. 2: 101 (1843)
Distribution: SW-Spain; NW-Morocco
12 SPA 20 MOR
Remarks: salzmannii agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Hippocrepis multisiliquosa proles salzmannii (Boiss. & Reut.) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 306 (1899)
= Hippocrepis scabra Salzm. ex Coss.; Notes Pl. Crit. 106 (1849), non DC. 1825
species :
Hippocrepis scabra DC.; Prodr. 2: 312 (1825)
Distribution: SE-Spain
12 SPA
Remarks: comosa agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Hippocrepis ciliata Campo; Willk. & Lange, Prod. Fl. Hisp. 3: 256 (1877), nomen
= Hippocrepis comosa subsp. scabra (DC.) O.Bolòs & Vigo; Butll. Inst. Catalana Hist. Nat. 38: 72 (1974)
= Hippocrepis comosa var. scabra (DC.) O.Bolòs & Vigo; Butl. Inst. Catalana Hist. Nat., Secc. Bot. 38: 72 (1974)
= Hippocrepis scabra subsp. willkommiana (Scheele) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 178 (1878)
= Hippocrepis scabra var. jayana Sennen ex Hrabetová; Práce Morav.-Slez. Akad. Ved Prír. 22(12): 352 (1950)
= Hippocrepis scabra var. rupestris Hrabetová; Práce Morav.-Slez. Akad. Ved Prír. 22(8): 245 (1950)
= Hippocrepis willkommiana Scheele; Linnaea 21: 574 (1848)
species :
Hippocrepis squamata (Cav.) Coss.; Notes Pl. Crit.: 105 (1851)
Distribution: C- & SE-Spain
12 SPA
Remarks: comosa agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Coronilla squamata Cav.; Icon. 2: 43 (1793)
= Hippocrepis comosa subsp. squamata (Cav.) O.Bolòs & Vigo; Butll. Inst. Catalana Hist. Nat. 38: 72 (1974)
= Hippocrepis squamata f. latifolia Bellot; Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 7: 264 (1948)
= Hippocrepis squamata subsp. toletana (Pau) Hrabetová; Práce Morav.-Slez. Akad. Ved Prír. 22(12): 333 (1950)
= Hippocrepis squamata var. murcica Font Quer; Cavanillesia 7: 75 (1935)
= Hippocrepis squamata var. sinuata Hrabetová; Práce Morav.-Slez. Akad. Ved Prír. 22(12): 332 (1950)
= Hippocrepis squamata var. toletana (Pau) Bellot; Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 7: 268 (1948)
= Hippocrepis toletana Pau; Broteria, Ser. Bot. 25: 142 (1931)
species :
Hippocrepis tavera-mendozae Talavera & E.Domínguez; An. Jard. Bot. Madrid 57(2): 457 (1999 publ. 2000)
Distribution: S-Spain (Malaga, Cordoba)
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Hippocrepis balearica f. granatensis Hrabetová; Práce Morav.-Slez. Akad. Ved Prír. 21(4): 50 (1949)
species :
Hippocrepis unisiliquosa L.; Sp. Pl.: 744 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. unisiliquosa
Name: Einblütiger Hufeisenklee (DE); One-flowered Horseshoe-vetch (EN)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Slovenia; Croatia; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; European Russia; Egypt (NW-coastal Egypt); Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia, WN-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia, N-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, S-Anatolia, E-Anatolia); Iraq (NW-Iraq); Iran (N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, S-Iran, W-Iran); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, W-Cyprus, S-Cyprus); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, NW-Syria, Jbel Druze); Israel (C-Israel, coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, N-Negev Desert, Judean Desert, Negev Desert); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Saudi Arabia (Dahana, NE-Saudi Arabia, Hejaz, Nejd Desert); Qatar; Oman (Mascat & Oman)
11 ger 13 CRO GRC KRI SLV 14 RUS 20 EGY 33 NCS 34 CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR 35 OMA QAT SAU
Synonyms: hidden
= Ferrum-equinum uniflorum Moench; Methodus 119 (1794), nom. illeg.
= Ferrum-equinum unisiliquosum (L.) Medik.; Vorles. Churpf. Phys. Ges. 2: 371 (1787)
= Hippocrepis flexuosa J.Zahlbr. ex Host; Fl. Austriaca 2: 348 (1831)
= Hippocrepis monocarpa M.Bieb.; Fl. Taur. Caucasus 3: 480 (1819)
= Hippocrepis pusilla Fisch. & C.A.Mey. ex Hohen.; Enum. Pl. Talysch: 111 (1838)
= Hippocrepis univalvis Georgi; Beschr. Nation. Russ. Reich 3(4): 1178 (1800)
= Hippocrepis vulgaris Bubani; Fl. Pyren. 2: 568 (1900)
subspecies :
subsp. armena Lassen; Willdenowia 19(1): 61 (1989)
Distribution: Transcaucasus; Iran
34 IRN
species :
Hippocrepis valentina Boiss.; Elench. Pl. Nov.: 38 (1838)
Distribution: E-Spain (near Alicante and Valencia)
12 SPA
Remarks: balearica agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Hippocrepis balearica Cav. ex Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 186 (1878), nomen
= Hippocrepis balearica subsp. valentina (Boiss.) Hrabetová; Prace Morav.-Slez. Akad. Vad. Prir. 21: 49 (1949)
= Hippocrepis balearica var. valentina (Boiss.) Pau; Anales Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 21: 27 (1892)
= Hippocrepis fruticosa var. valentina (Boiss.) Rouy; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 31: 41 (1884)
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A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 18.4 (Feb. 11th, 2024)

Covering 354,025 accepted species,
9,095 hybrids, 47,879 accepted infraspecific taxa and 995,101 synonyms,
in total 1,406,100* names

[*about 25,000 dubious, "unplaced" names and about 4,000 invalid names (Art. 24.3) like "typicus" are deliberately omitted]


With complete, detailed distribution data (countries and regions) and literature references

Arranged in linear phylogenetic sequence reflecting true relationships

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With 38,290 pictures of 15,532 species

Assembled through 40 years independently from other databases

In cooperation with Catalogue of Life