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Ver. 18.4
Feb. 11th, 2024

168.0000 Family Poaceae Barnhart; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 22: 7 (1895), nom. cons., nom. alt.
ca. 800 genera, ca. 12.000 spp. worldwide. Systematics following Soreng et al. (2017) and Soreng et al. (2022)
Species listed in database: 12061; hybrids: 384
= Aegilopaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 221 (1820)
= Agrostidaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 264 (1820)
= Alopecuraceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 19 (1820)
= Andropogonaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 28 (1820)
= Anomochloaceae Nakai; Chosakuronbun Mokuroku [Ord. Fam. Trib. Nov.]: 222 (1943)
= Anthoxanthaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 271 (1827)
= Arundinaceae Döll; Rhein. Fl.: 60 (1843)
= Arundinellaceae Herter; Revista Sudamer. Bot. 6: 136 (1940)
= Asperellaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 106, 270 (1827)
= Avenaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 60. 31 (1820)
= Bambusaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 265 (1820)
= Bromaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 264 (1820)
= Cenchraceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 9, 268 (1827)
= Chaeturaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 106, 269 (1827)
= Chloridaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 265 (1820)
= Chondrosaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 269 (1827)
= Coleanthaceae Pfeiff.; Nomencl. Bot. 1(2): 818. ante (1873)
= Cynodontaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 51, 269 (1827)
= Cynosuraceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 271, 272 (1827)
= Echinariaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 271 (1827)
= Ehrhartaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 271 (1827)
= Eragrostidaceae Herter; Revista Sudamer. Bot. 6: 145 (1940)
= Festucaceae Spreng.; J. Sadler, Fl. Comit. Pest. 1: 28 (1825)
= Glyceriaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 271 (1827)
= Gramineae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 28 (1789), nom. cons.
= Holcaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 2: 252 (1833)
= Hordeaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 265 (1820)
= Laguraceae Link; Hort. Berol. 2: 250 (1833)
= Lepturaceae Herter; Revista Sudamer. Bot. 6: 147 (1940)
= Loliaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 6, 267 (1827)
= Melicaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 390 (1820)
= Miliaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 91, 270 (1827)
= Nardaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 413 (1820)
= Olyraceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 265 (1820)
= Ophiuraceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 3, 268 (1827)
= Oryzaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 265 (1820)
= Panicaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 264 (1820)
= Pappophoraceae Herter; Revista Sudamer. Bot. 6: 145 (1940)
= Parianaceae Nakai; Chosakuronbun Mokuroku [Ord. Fam. Trib. Nov.]: 222 (1943)
= Paspalaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 47, 269 (1827)
= Phalaridaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 2: 250 (1833)
= Pharaceae Herter; Revista Sudamer. Bot. 6: 139 (1940)
= Phleaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 269 (1827)
= Saccharaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 265 (1820)
= Sesleriaceae Döll; Rhein. Fl.: 60 (1843)
= Spartinaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 46, 268 (1827)
= Stipaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 264 (1820)
= Streptochaetaceae Nakai; Chosakuronbun Mokuroku [Ord. Fam. Trib. Nov.]: 222 (1943)
= Triticaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 22, 268 (1827)
= Zeaceae A.J.Kern.; Pflanzenleben 2: 651 (1891)
= Zoysiaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 8, 268 (1827)
168.5102 Genus Hordeum L.; Sp. Pl. 1: 84-85 (1753)
Distribution: Temperate and subtropical regions, mountainous tropics, many in temperate South America. Species delimitation especially in Europe is highly controversial.
Species listed in database: 39; hybrids: 3
= Critesion Raf.; J. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat. Arts 89: 103 (1819)
= Critho E.Mey.; Index Seminum (KALI, Regimontanum) 1848: [5] (1848)
= Zeocriton Wolf; Gen. Pl.: 21 (1781)
species :
Hordeum aegiceras Nees ex Royle; Ill. Bot. Himal. Mts.: 418 (1840)
Distribution: European Russia [I]; Kazakhstan; China [I]; Mongolia; Bhutan [I]; India [I] (Darjeeling [I], Sikkim [I], Jammu & Kashmir [I]); Mexico [I]; Argentina [I]
14 rus 32 KAZ 36 chi 37 MON 40 bhu ind 79 mex 85 arg
Synonyms: hidden
= Critho aegiceras (Nees ex Royle) E.Mey.; Index Seminum (KALI, Regimontanum) 1848: [5] (1848)
= Hordeum aegiceras Royle ex Lindl.; Intr. Nat. Syst. Bot., ed. 2 (1836)
= Hordeum aegiceras Royle ex Walp.; Ann. Bot. Syst. (Walpers) 3(5): 787 (1852), nom. inval.
= Hordeum coeleste var. trifurcatum Schltdl.; Linnaea 11: 543 (1837)
= Hordeum nepalense Sweet; Hort. Brit.: 444 (1826), nom. nud.
= Hordeum trifurcatum (Schltdl.) Wender.; Flora 26: 233 (1843)
= Hordeum vulgare subsp. aegiceras (Nees ex Royle) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95: 435 (1984)
= Hordeum vulgare var. aegiceras (Nees ex Royle) Aitch.; Cat. Punjab Pl. 171 (1869)
= Hordeum vulgare var. trifurcatum (Schltdl.) Alef.; Landw. Fl. 341 (1866)
species :
Hordeum arizonicum Covas; Madrono 10: 16 (1949)
Name: Arizona barley
Distribution: USA (California, S-Nevada, Arizona, S-New Mexico); Mexico (Baja California Norte, Durango, Sonora)
76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Critesion arizonicum (Covas) Á.Löve; Taxon 29(1): 166 (1980)
species :
Hordeum bogdanii Wilensky; Izv. Saratovsk. Opyt. Stan. 12: 13 (1918)
Name: Bogdan-Gerste (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; SE-European Russia; Siberia (Altai, Tuva, W-Siberia); Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Iran (N-Iran); Afghanistan (Wakhan, Bamyan, Faryab, Ghazni, Kabul, Wardak, Parwan, Takhar); China (Gansu, Qinghai, Xinjiang); Mongolia; Pakistan (Baluchistan, Quetta, Chitral, Baltistan); NW-India (Jammu & Kashmir, Ladakh)
11 ger 14 RUS 30 SIB 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 34 AFG IRN 36 CHI 37 MON 40 IND PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Critesion bogdanii (Wilensky) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95(7-8): 438 (1984)
= Hordeum secalinum var. bogdanii (Wilensky) Roshev.; Trudy Glavn. Bot. Sada 40: 248 (1928), pro syn.
species :
Hordeum brachyantherum Nevski; Acta Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS, Ser. I. Fasc. 2, 61 (1936)
Name: Meadow barley
Distribution: Russian Far East (Kamchatka, Kuril Isl.); Hawaii [I] (Hawaii Isl. [I]); Alaska; Aleutes; Canada (Yukon, British Columbia, Labrador [I]); USA (Washington, Oregon, California, Nevada, Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, Utah, Colorado, Arizona, New Mexico); Mexico (Sonora)
31 RFE 63 haw 70 ASK CDN 71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Critesion brachyantherum (Nevski) Barkworth & D.R.Dewey; Amer. J. Bot. 72(5): 768 (1985)
= Critesion brachyantherum (Nevski) Tzvelev; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 84(7): 113 (1999), isonym
= Critesion brachyantherum (Nevski) W.A.Weber; Phytologia 67(6): 425 (1989), isonym
= Critesion jubatum subsp. breviaristatum (Bowden) Á.Löve & D.Löve; Bot. Not. 128(4): 503 (1975)[1976]
= Hordeum boreale Scribn. & J.G.Sm.; Bull. Div. Agrostol. U.S.D.A. 4: 24 (1897) [nom. illeg., non Gand. 1881]
= Hordeum brachyantherum var. gracilius Nevski; Trudy Bot. Inst. Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R., Ser. 1, Fl. Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 5: 158 (1941)
= Hordeum jubatum subsp. brachyantherum (Nevski) Bondarenko ex Korovina; Byull. Vsesoyuzn. Ordena Lenina Ordena Druzhby Narodov Nauchno-Issl. Inst. Rasteniev. N. I. Vavilova 81: 35 (1978)
= Hordeum jubatum subsp. breviaristatum Bowden; Canad. J. Bot. 40: (1690) 1962
= Hordeum jubatum var. boreale (Hitchc.) B.Boivin; Naturaliste Canad. 94: 525 (1967)
= Hordeum nodosum var. boreale Hitchc.; Amer. J. Bot. 21: 134 (1934)
species :
Hordeum brachyatherum Phil.; Anales Univ. Chile 94: 346 (1896)
Distribution: Chile (Coquimbo, Valparaíso, Maule, Magallanes)
85 CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Critesion brachyatherum (Phil.) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95(7-8): 440 (1984)
species :
Hordeum brevisubulatum (Trin.) Link; Linnaea 17: 391 (1843)
subspecies :
subsp. brevisubulatum
Distribution: C-European Russia; E-European Russia; Siberia (Altai, Buryatia, Chita, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva, W-Siberia, Yakutia); Russian Far East (Amur, Khabarovsk, Magadan, Primorye); W-Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Azerbaijan (Talysh); Iran (Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Badakshan, Paktia / Khost, Wakhan); China (Gansu, Heilongjiang, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Xinjiang); Tibet; Mongolia; Pakistan (Chitral); Nepal; NW-India (Jammu & Kashmir)
14 RUS 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ KGZ TZK 33 AZE 34 AFG IRN 36 CHI TIB 37 MON 40 IND NEP PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Critesion brevisubulatum (Trin.) Á.Löve; Biol. Zentralbl., 101(2): 208 (1982)
= Critesion brevisubulatum subsp. nevskianum (Bowden) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95: 438 (1984)
= Critesion iranicum (Bothmer) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95(7­8): 438 (1984)
= Critesion nevskianum (Bowden) Tzvelev; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 84(7): 113 (1999)
= Critesion secalinum subsp. brevisubulatum (Trin.) Krylov
= Hordeum brevisubulatum subsp. iranicum Bothmer; Bot. Tidsskr. 74(23): 139 (1979)
= Hordeum brevisubulatum subsp. nevskianum (Bowden) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 8: 66 (1971)
= Hordeum brevisubulatum var. hirtellum Z.S.Qin & S.D.Zhao; Fl. Liaoningica 2: 1159 (1992)
= Hordeum brevisubulatum var. nevskianum (Bowden) Tzvelev; Rast. Tsentral. Azii 4: 199 (1968)
= Hordeum brevisubulatum var. puberulum Melderis; Norl., Fl. Mongol. Steppe 1: 138 (1949)
= Hordeum iranicum (Bothmer) Tzvelev; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 78(10): 88 (1993)
= Hordeum macilentum Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 352 (1854)
= Hordeum nevskianum Bowden; Canad. J. Genet. & Cytol. 7: 396 (1965)
= Hordeum secalinum f. puberulum Krylov; Fl. Alt. 7: 1703 (1914), nom. illeg.
= Hordeum secalinum subsp. brevisubulatum (Trin.) Krylov; Fl. Zapadnoi Sibiri 2: 364 (1928)
= Hordeum secalinum var. brevisubulatum Trin.; Sp. Gram. 1: t. 4 (1823)
variant :
var. turkestanicum (Nevski) P.C.Kuo; Fl. Xizangica 5: 177 (1987)
Distribution: Latvia [I]; European Russia [I]; Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Iran (Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Badakshan, Wakhan, Baghlan, Bamyan, Kunar / Nuristan, Wardak, Parwan); China (Xinjiang); W-Tibet; Mongolia; Pakistan (Pamirs, Gilgit, Baltistan, Skardu); Nepal; NW-India (Jammu & Kashmir, Rupshu)
14 lat rus 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 34 AFG IRN 36 CHI TIB 37 MON 40 IND NEP PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Critesion brevisubulatum subsp. turkestanicum (Nevski) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95(7-8): 438 (1984)
= Critesion turkestanicum (Nevski) Tzvelev; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 84(7): 113 (1999)
= Hordeum brevisubulatum subsp. turkestanicum (Nevski) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 8: 66 (1971)
= Hordeum turkestanicum Nevski; Act. Univ. As. Med. ser. 8b, Fasc. 17: 45 (1934), not R. E. Regel (1914)
subspecies :
subsp. violaceum (Boiss. & Hohen.) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 9: 62 (1972)
Name: Violette Gerste (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia); Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran)
11 ger 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Critesion violaceum (Boiss. & Hohen.) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95(7-8): 438 (1984)
= Hordeum violaceum Boiss. & Hohen.; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. 13: 70 (1854)
species :
Hordeum bulbosum L.; Cent. Pl. 2: 8 (1756)
Name: Knollen-Gerste (DE); Tuberous Barley (EN)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Portugal; Spain; France; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; San Marino; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; European Russia; Crimea; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia); Iran (EC-Iran, N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Badakshan, Badghys, Balkh, Takhar); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, Jazira, NW-Syria, Jbel Druze, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, N-Negev Desert, Judean Desert); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); USA [I] (California [I]); Bolivia [I]
11 ger 12 FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MNT NMA ROM SIC SMA SRB TUE 14 KRY RUS 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR 76 usa 83 bol
Synonyms: hidden
= Critesion bulbosum (L.) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95(7-8): 441 (1984)
= Hordeum brevicomum C.Presl; Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss., V 3: 550 (1845), nom. nud.
= Hordeum bulbosum subsp. nodosum (L.) B.R.Baum; Canad. J. Bot. 63(4): 743 (1985)
= Hordeum bulbosum var. bourgaei Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 5: 688 (1884)
= Hordeum bulbosum var. brevispicatum Post; Fl. Syria: 903 (1896)
= Hordeum bulbosum var. lycium Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 734 (1902)
= Hordeum bulbosum var. minus Hausskn.; Mitth. Thüring. Bot. Vereins, n.f., 14: 60 (1899)
= Hordeum kaufmannii Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 7: 578 (1880)
= Hordeum lycium Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 5: 688 (1884), pro syn.
= Hordeum nodosum L.; Sp. Pl. ed. 2: 126 (1762)
= Hordeum nodosum Ucria; Hort. Panhorm.: 64 (1789), nom. illeg.
= Hordeum strictum Desf.; Fl. Atlant. 1: 118 (1798)
= Zeocriton nodosum (L.) P.Beauv.; Ess. Agrostogr.: 114 (1812)
= Zeocriton strictum (Desf.) P.Beauv.; Ess. Agrostogr.: 114 (1812)
species :
Hordeum californicum Covas & Stebbins; Madrono 10: 5 (1949)
Name: California barley
Distribution: USA (Oregon, California); Mexico (Baja California Norte)
73 USA 76 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Critesion californicum (Covas & Stebbins) Á.Löve; Taxon 29(1): 166 (1980)
= Hordeum brachyantherum subsp. californicum (Covas & Stebbins) Bothmer, N.Jacobsen & Seberg; Nordic J. Bot. 11(2): 153 (1991)
species :
Hordeum capense Thunb.; Prod. Pl. Cap. 23 (1794)
Distribution: South Africa (North-West Prov., Free State, N-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Lesotho
27 LES SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Critesion capense (Thunb.) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95(7-8): 438 (1984)
= Zeocriton secalinum P.Beauv.; Agrost. 114. t. 21, f. 115 (1812)
species :
Hordeum chilense Roem. & Schult.; Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis] 2: 796 (1817)
Name: Chile-Gerste (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Argentina (Neuquen, Rio Negro, Santa Cruz); Chile (Arica y Parinacota, Tarapacá, Antofagasta, Coquimbo, Valparaíso, Metropolitana de Santiago, O´Higgins, Maule, Ñuble, Biobío, Araucanía, Los Rios, Los Lagos, Aisén, Magallanes); Juan Fdz. Isl. [I]
11 ger 85 ARG CLE jnf
Synonyms: hidden
= Critesion chilense (Roem. & Schult.) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95(7-8) 439 (1984)
= Hordeum chilense var. pseudosecalinum Hauman; Anales Mus. Nac. Hist. Nat. Buenos Aires 28: 272 (1916)
= Hordeum cylindricum Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 353 (1854), nom. illeg.
= Hordeum depauperatum Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 353 (1854)
= Hordeum pratense var. brongniartii Macloskie; Rep. Princeton Univ. Exped. Patagonia, Botany 8(1): 251 (1904)
= Hordeum secalinum var. chilense (Brongn.) É.Desv.; Fl. Chil. 6: 458 (1853)
species :
Hordeum comosum J.Presl; Reliq. Haenk. 1: 327 (1830)
Name: Schopf-Gerste (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Bolivia; Argentina (Chubut, La Rioja, Mendoza, Neuquen, Rio Negro, Santa Cruz, San Juan, Tierra del Fuego); Chile (Arica y Parinacota, Tarapacá, Atacama, Coquimbo, Valparaíso, Metropolitana de Santiago, O´Higgins, Maule, Ñuble, Biobío, Araucanía, Los Rios, Los Lagos, Aisén, Magallanes); Falkland Isl. [I]
11 ger 83 BOL 85 ARG CLE 91 fal
Synonyms: hidden
= Critesion comosum (J.Presl) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95: 437 (1984)
= Hordeum andinum Trin.; Linnaea 10: 1835 (1836) 304
= Hordeum comosum var. bifidum Parodi & Nicora; Hickenia 1(11): 61 (1977)
= Hordeum comosum var. flavescens É.Desv.; Fl. Chil. 6: 461 (1853)
= Hordeum comosum var. humilis É.Desv.; Fl. Chil. 6: 461 (1853)
= Hordeum comosum var. rigidum É.Desv.; Gay, Fl. Chil. 6: 461 (1854)
= Hordeum divergens Nees & Meyen ex Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 775 (1841), nom. nud.
= Hordeum jubatum f. flavidum Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(3): 355 (1898)
= Hordeum jubatum f. versicolor Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(3): 355 (1898)
= Hordeum jubatum var. comosum (J.Presl) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(3): 355 (1898)
= Zeocriton complanatum P.Beauv.; Ess. Agrostogr.: 114 (1812), nom. nud.
species :
Hordeum cordobense Bothmer, N.Jacobsen & Nicora; Bot. Not. 133: 544 (1980)
Distribution: Argentina (Chaco, Cordoba, Corrientes, Entre Rios, La Pampa, Santa Fe, San Juan, San Luis, Tucuman)
85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Critesion cordobense (Bothmer, N.Jacobson & Nicora) A.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95(7-8): 439 (1984)
= Hordeum compressum f. tenuispicatum Hack.; Allg. Bot. Z. Syst. 12: 131 (1906)
= Hordeum muticum subvar. tenuispicatum (Hack.) Thell.; Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Math. Cherbourg 38: 159 (1912)
species :
Hordeum depressum (Scribn. & J.G.Sm.) Rydb.; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 36: 539 (1909)
Name: Dwarf barley
Distribution: Canada (British Columbia); USA (California, Idaho, Oregon, South Carolina, Washington State); Mexico (Baja California Norte)
71 CDN 73 USA 76 USA 78 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Critesion depressum (Scribn. & J.G.Sm.) Á.Löve; Taxon 29(1): 166 (1980)
= Hordeum nodosum var. depressum Scribn. & J.G.Sm.; Bull. Div. Agrostol. U.S.D.A. 4: 24 (1897)
species :
Hordeum distichon L.; Sp. Pl. 85 (1753)
Name: Zweizeilige Gerste (DE); Cebadilla tremesina (ES)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Slovakia [I]; Hungary [I]; Channel Isl. [I]; Croatia [I]; Estonia [c]; Latvia [c]; Lithuania [c]; Belarus [I]; European Russia [I]; Morocco [I]; Algeria [I]; Tunisia [I]; Libya [I]; Canary Isl. [I] (Tenerife [I]); Russian Far East [I] (Amur [I], Kamchatka [I], Khabarovsk [I], Magadan [I], Primorye [I], Sakhalin [I]); Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan [I]; Uzbekistan [I]; Kyrgyzstan [I]; Tajikistan [I]; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia, W-Iraq: Desert); Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran); Syria; China (Hebei, Qinghai); Tibet; Mongolia; South Korea [I]; Japan [I]; Pakistan [I]; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); New Zealand [I]; Ecuador [I]
11 ger hun slo 12 cis 13 cro 14 blr est lat lit rus 20 alg lby mor tun 21 cny 31 rfe 32 KAZ kgz tkm tzk uzb 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN IRQ SYR TUR 36 CHI TIB 37 MON 38 jap kor 40 pak 50 aus 51 nzl 83 ecu
Synonyms: hidden
= Hordeum aestivum Haller; Gen. Sp. Nov. Comm. Gottingen: 6 (1776), nom. nud.
= Hordeum anglicum Gand.; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 31: 46 (1881)
= Hordeum bohemicum R.E.Regel; Trudy Byuro Prikl. Bot. 8: 518 (1915), nom. nud.
= Hordeum chevalieri R.E.Regel; Trudy Byuro Prikl. Bot. 8: 518 (1915), nom. nud.
= Hordeum colchicum R.E.Regel; Trudy Byuro Prikl. Bot. 8: 342 (1915), nom. nud.
= Hordeum deficiens Steud. ex A.Braun; Index Seminum (FB) 1848: 2 (1848)
= Hordeum distichon subsp. erectum Schübl. & G.Martens; Fl. Würtemberg: 41 (1834)
= Hordeum distichon subsp. nutans Schübl. & G.Martens; Fl. Würtemberg: 41 (1834)
= Hordeum distichon var. coelestoides Gill. & Magne; 472 (1863)
= Hordeum distichon var. corticatum Merrem; 45 (1809)
= Hordeum distichon var. densum Ser.; Ann. Sci. Phys. Nat. Lyon 4: 357 (1841)
= Hordeum distichon var. erectum (Schübl. & G.Martens) Döll; 66 (1843)
= Hordeum distichon var. erectum Gill. & Magne; 472 (1863), nom. illeg.
= Hordeum distichon var. erythraeum Chiov.; Monogr. Rapp. Colon. 19: 50 (1912)
= Hordeum distichon var. laxum Ser.; Ann. Sci. Phys. Nat. Lyon 4: 356 (1841)
= Hordeum distichon var. nigricans Ser.; Ann. Sci. Phys. Nat. Lyon 4: 357 (1841)
= Hordeum distichon var. nutans (Schübl. & G.Martens) Döll; 66 (1843)
= Hordeum distichon var. pseudozeocriton Chiov.; Monogr. Rapp. Colon. 19: 50 (1912)
= Hordeum distichon var. ramosum Ser.; Ann. Sci. Phys. Nat. Lyon 4: 358 (1841)
= Hordeum elisabethpolense R.E.Regel; Trudy Byuro Prikl. Bot. 7: 794 (1914), nom. nud.
= Hordeum eriwanense R.E.Regel; Trudy Byuro Prikl. Bot. 7: 785 (1914), nom. nud.
= Hordeum europaeum R.E.Regel; Trudy Byuro Prikl. Bot. 8: 518 (1915), nom. nud.
= Hordeum germanicum R.E.Regel; Trudy Byuro Prikl. Bot. 8: 518 (1915), nom. nud.
= Hordeum glabrum R.E.Regel; Trudy Byuro Prikl. Bot. 7: 794 (1914), nom. nud.
= Hordeum imberbe Ard. ex Roem. & Schult.; Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis]. 2: 793 (1817), pro syn.
= Hordeum irregulare Åberg & Wiebe; J. Washington Acad. Sci. 35: 163 (1945)
= Hordeum kentii R.E.Regel; Trudy Byuro Prikl. Bot. 8: 518 (1915), nom. nud.
= Hordeum korshinskianum R.E.Regel; Trudy Byuro Prikl. Bot. 8: 516 (1915), nom. nud.
= Hordeum laxum R.E.Regel; Trudy Byuro Prikl. Bot. 8: 519 (1915), nom. nud.
= Hordeum lenkoranicum R.E.Regel; Trudy Byuro Prikl. Bot. 8: 516 (1915), nom. nud.
= Hordeum monticola R.E.Regel; Trudy Byuro Prikl. Bot. 8: 518 (1915), nom. nud.
= Hordeum nudideficiens R.E.Regel; Trudy Byuro Prikl. Bot. 8: 519 (1915), nom. nud.
= Hordeum praecocius R.E.Regel; Trudy Byuro Prikl. Bot. 8: 342 (1915), nom. nud.
= Hordeum princeps R.E.Regel; Trudy Byuro Prikl. Bot. 8: 518 (1915), nom. nud.
= Hordeum richardsonii R.E.Regel; Trudy Byuro Prikl. Bot. 8: 518 (1915), nom. nud.
= Hordeum sativum Jess.; Deut. Excurs.-Fl.: 551 (1879), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Hordeum sativum subsp. deficiens (Steud.) Voss; 276, 280 (1885)
= Hordeum sativum subsp. distichon (L.) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 724 (1902), nom. illeg.
= Hordeum sativum subsp. distichon (L.) Voss; 275, 279 (1885)
= Hordeum sativum var. densum Voss; 276, 280 (1885)
= Hordeum sativum var. distichon (L.) Beck; Fl. Nieder-Österreich 1: 117 (1890)
= Hordeum sativum var. erectum (Schübl. & G.Martens) Voss; 275, 279 (1885)
= Hordeum sativum var. laxum Jess.; 551 (1879), nom. illeg.
= Hordeum sativum var. laxum Voss; 276, 281 (1885), nom. illeg.
= Hordeum sativum var. macrolepis (A.Braun) Voss; 276, 281 (1885)
= Hordeum sativum var. nutans (Schübl. & G.Martens) Voss; 275, 280 (1885)
= Hordeum sativum var. platylepis Voss; 276, 281 (1885)
= Hordeum scandinavicum R.E.Regel; Trudy Byuro Prikl. Bot. 8: 518 (1915), nom. nud.
= Hordeum suecicum R.E.Regel; Trudy Byuro Prikl. Bot. 8: 518 (1915), nom. nud.
= Hordeum turkestanicum R.E.Regel; Trudy Byuro Prikl. Bot. 7: 785 (1914), nom. nud.
= Hordeum vilmorianum R.E.Regel; Trudy Byuro Prikl. Bot. 8: 519 (1915), nom. nud.
= Hordeum volhynicum R.E.Regel; Trudy Byuro Prikl. Bot. 8: 518 (1915), nom. nud.
= Hordeum vulgare convar. distichon (L.) Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 342 (1866)
= Hordeum vulgare subsp. deficiens (Steud. ex A.Braun) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95: 435 (1984)
= Hordeum vulgare subsp. distichon (L.) Brand; W. D. J. Koch, Syn. Deut. Schweiz. Fl., ed. 3, 3: 2801 (1907)
= Hordeum vulgare subsp. distichon (L.) Körn.; Z. Gesammte Brauwesen 5: 125 (1885)
= Hordeum vulgare subsp. distichum (L.) Thell.; Fl. Advent. Montpell. 161 (1912)
= Hordeum vulgare var. aethiopicum Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 343 (1866)
= Hordeum vulgare var. albodeficiens Körn.; 6 (1873), nom. inval.
= Hordeum vulgare var. breve Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 342 (1866)
= Hordeum vulgare var. deficiens (Steud. ex A.Braun) Schweinf.; Bull. Herb. Boissier 2(App. 2): 46 (1894)
= Hordeum vulgare var. distichon (L.) Hack.; Engl. & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 2(2): 86 (1886)
= Hordeum vulgare var. distichon (L.) Hook.f.; Fl. Brit. India 7: 371 (1896)
= Hordeum vulgare var. erectum (Schübl. & G.Martens) Körn.; 5 (1873)
= Hordeum vulgare var. erectum Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 342 (1866)
= Hordeum vulgare var. leucomacrolepis Körn.; 6 (1873), nom. inval.
= Hordeum vulgare var. macrolepis (A.Braun) Körn.; Z. Gesammte Brauw.: 205 (1882)
= Hordeum vulgare var. melanomacrolepis Körn.; 6 (1873), nom. inval.
= Hordeum vulgare var. nutans (Schübl. & G.Martens) Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 343 (1866)
= Hordeum werneri R.E.Regel; Trudy Byuro Prikl. Bot. 7: 794 (1914), nom. nud.
= Hordeum wolgense R.E.Regel; Trudy Byuro Prikl. Bot. 8: 342 (1915), nom. nud.
= Zeocriton distichon (L.) P.Beauv.; Ess. Agrostogr.: 114 (1812)
variant :
var. nudum (L.) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 10: 55 (1973) [convar.]
Distribution: Europe; European Russia; Kazakhstan [I]; Turkmenistan [I]; Uzbekistan [I]; Kyrgyzstan [I]; Iran; China (N-China, S-China); Mongolia [I]; South Korea [I]; Japan [I]
14 RUS 32 kaz kgz tkm uzb 34 IRN 36 CHI 37 mon 38 jap kor
Synonyms: hidden
= Hordeum distichon convar. nudum (L.) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 10: 55 (1973)
= Hordeum distichon subsp. nudum (L.) Rothm.; Excurs. Deutschl. 4: 51 (1963)
= Hordeum distichon var. nudum L.; Sp. Pl.: 85 (1753)
= Hordeum nudum (L.) Ard.; Saggi Sci. Lett. Accad. Padova 3: 1 (1794)
= Hordeum sativum var. nudum (L.) Voss; 275, 280 (1885)
= Hordeum vulgare var. nudum (L.) Hook.f.; Fl. Brit. India 7: 371 (1896)
= Hordeum vulgare var. nudum Baumg.; Enum. Stirp. Transsilv. 3: 272 (1816)
= Zeocriton distichon var. nudum Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 89 (1821 publ. 1822)
variant :
var. zeocriton (L.) Hayek; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 30(3): 233 (1932)
Distribution: Cultivation
Synonyms: hidden
= Hordeum distichon convar. zeocriton (L.) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 10: 55 (1973)
= Hordeum distichon subsp. zeocriton (L.) Celak.; Prodr. Fl. Böhmen 1: 55 (1867)
= Hordeum distichon var. zeocriton (L.) Jess.; 199 (1863)
= Hordeum sativum subsp. zeocriton (L.) K.Richt.; 130 (1890), nom. illeg.
= Hordeum sativum var. zeocriton (L.) Jess.; 551 (1879), nom. illeg.
= Hordeum vulgare convar. zeocriton (L.) Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 342 (1866)
= Hordeum vulgare var. zeocriton (L.) Körn.; 6 (1873)
= Hordeum zeocriton L.; Sp. Pl.: 85 (1753)
= Zeocriton commune P.Beauv.; Ess. Agrostogr.: 114 (1812)
= Zeocriton vulgare Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 90 (1821 publ. 1822), nom. illeg. superfl.
species :
Hordeum erectifolium Bothmer, N.Jacobsen & R.B.Jørg.; Willdenowia 15(1): 85 (1985)
Distribution: Argentina (Buenos Aires)
85 ARG
species :
Hordeum euclaston Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 353 (1854)
Name: Bobtail barley
Distribution: South Korea [I]; USA [I] (California [I]); S-Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul); Uruguay (Maldonado, Montevideo); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Chubut, Cordoba, Corrientes, Argentina Distrito Federal, Entre Rios, La Pampa, Mendoza, Rio Negro, Santa Cruz, Santa Fe, Tucuman)
38 kor 76 usa 84 BRA 85 ARG URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Critesion pusillum subsp. euclaston (Steud.) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95(7-8): 441 (1984)
= Hordeum euclaston var. puberulum Parodi & Nicora; Fl. Ilustr. Entre Ríos 6: 103 (1969)
= Hordeum fragile Godr.; Mem. Sect. Sci. Acad. Sci. Montpellier 1: 455 (1853) [nom. illeg.]
= Hordeum pusillum var. euclaston (Steud.) Hauman; Anales Mus. Nac. Hist. Nat. Buenos Aires 28: 297 (1916)
= Hordeum subfastigiatum Döll; Mart., Fl. Bras. 2(3): 234 (1880)
species :
Hordeum flexuosum Nees ex Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 353 (1855)
Distribution: Uruguay; Argentina (Buenos Aires, Chaco, Chubut, Corrientes, Argentina Distrito Federal, Entre Rios, La Pampa, Mendoza, Santa Cruz)
85 ARG URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Critesion flexuosum (Nees ex Steud.) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95: 441 (1984)
= Hordeum bonariense Parodi ex Nicora; Hickenia 1: 55 (1977)
= Hordeum pusillum subsp. flexuosum (Nees ex Steud.) Covas; Fl. Prov. Buenos Aires 4(2): 184 (1970)
species :
Hordeum fuegianum Bothmer, N.Jacobsen & R.B.Jørg.; Nordic J. Bot. 6(4): 404 (1986)
Distribution: Argentina (Tierra del Fuego); Chile (Magallanes)
85 ARG CLE
species :
Hordeum geniculatum All.; Fl. Pedem. 2: 259 3: t. 91, f. 3 (1785)
Name: Salz-Gerste (DE); Gussone´s Barley (EN)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Austria; Slovakia; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; Baleares; Channel Isl. [I]; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Estonia [I]; Belarus; E-European Russia; Crimea; Morocco; Algeria; Libya; Egypt (?NW-Egypt); Madeira (Madeira Isl.); South Africa [I] (Cape Prov. [I]); Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia, W-Iraq: Desert); Iran (E-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Jawzjan / Sar-e-Pol, Paktia / Khost, Qunduz); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, Jazira, NW-Syria, Jbel Druze); Israel (C-Israel, coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel); Saudi Arabia (NE-Saudi Arabia); Pakistan [I]; India [I] (Jammu & Kashmir [I]); Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); New Zealand [I]; Canada [I] (British Columbia [I]); USA [I] (Arizona [I], California [I], Idaho [I], Illinois [I], Massachusetts [I], Montana [I], New Jersey [I], Nevada [I], Ohio [I], Oklahoma [I], Oregon [I], Pennsylvania [I], Utah [I], Washington State [I]); Mexico [I]; Argentina [I]; Chile [I] (Coquimbo [I], Valparaíso [I], Metropolitana de Santiago [I], O´Higgins [I], Maule [I], Biobío [I], Nuble [I])
11 AUT ger HUN SLO 12 BAL cis COR POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MNT NMA ROM SIC SRB TUE 14 BLR est KRY RUS 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR 21 MDR 27 saf 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR LEB SYR TUR 35 SAU 40 ind pak 50 aus 51 nzl 71 cdn 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 79 mex 85 arg cle
Synonyms: hidden
= Critesion geniculatum (All.) Á.Löve; Taxon 29: 350 (1980), nom. illeg.
= Critesion hystrix (Roth) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95(7-8): 440 (1984)
= Critesion marinum subsp. gussoneanum (Parl.) Barkworth & D.R.Dewey; Amer. J. Bot. 72(5): 772 (1985)
= Hordeum berteroanum var. pumilum É.Desv.; Gay, Fl. Chil. 6: 460 (1854)
= Hordeum gussoneanum Parl.; Fl. Palerm. 1: 246 (1845) ex Nyman, Consp. Fl. Europ., pt. 4: 838 (1882), nom. inval.
= Hordeum gussoneanum var. asperum Simonk.; Magyar Bot. Lapok 3: 21 (1904)
= Hordeum gussoneanum var. uniflorum Lojac.; Fl. Sicul.: f. 5 (1909)
= Hordeum hystrix f. apterum Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 17: 120 (1971 publ. 1972)
= Hordeum hystrix f. decumbens P.Silva; Bol. Soc. Brot., sér. 2.A, 54: 240 (1980-1981 publ. 1981)
= Hordeum hystrix f. hirtellum (Degen ex Asch. & Graebn.) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 17: 120 (1971 publ. 1972)
= Hordeum hystrix Roth; Catal. Bot. 1: 23 (1797)
= Hordeum marinum subsp. gussoneanum (Parl.) Anghel & Velican; Fl. Republ. Social. Roman. 12: 591 (1972), isonym
= Hordeum marinum subsp. gussoneanum (Parl.) Thell.; Vierteljahrsschr. Naturf. Ges. Zurich 52: 441 (1908)
= Hordeum marinum var. gussoneanum (Parl.) Hyl.; 359 (1953)
= Hordeum marinum var. gussoneanum (Parl.) Täckh. & G.Täckh.; Fl. Egypt 1: 277 (1941)
= Hordeum maritimum f. hirtellum Degen ex Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 738 (1902)
= Hordeum maritimum subsp. gussoneanum (Parl.) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 737 (1901)
= Hordeum maritimum subsp. gussoneanum (Parl.) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 131 (1890)
= Hordeum maritimum subsp. hystrix (Roth) Dostál; Kvetna CSR, ed. 2: (1995 publ. 1950)
= Hordeum maritimum var. apterum Simonk.; Magyar Bot. Lapok 3: 81 (1904)
= Hordeum maritimum var. gussoneanum (Parl.) Hausskn.; Mitth. Thüring. Bot. Vereins, n.f., 14: 61 (1899)
= Hordeum secalinum f. marinum (W.D.J.Koch) Werner Christ.; J. A. Christ. & al., 268 (1922)
= Hordeum secalinum Guss.; Pl. Rar.: 57 (1826), nom. illeg.
= Hordeum secalinum subsp. geniculatum (All.) K.Richt.; 131 (1890)
= Hordeum secalinum subsp. gussoneanum (Parl.) Fouill. & Litard.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 73: 223 (1926)
= Hordeum secalinum var. geniculatum (All.) Nyman; Syll. Fl. Eur.: 423 (1855)
= Hordeum secalinum var. marinum (W.D.J.Koch) W.D.J.Koch; 595 (1843)
= Hordeum utriculatum Bertero; Mercurio Chileno: (1829)
species :
Hordeum glaucum Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 352 (1854)
Name: Smooth barley (EN); Blaugrüne Mäuse-Gerste (DE); Cebadilla bastarda (ES)
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; France; Italy; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Estonia [I]; European Russia; Morocco; Algeria; Madeira (Madeira Isl.); Canary Isl. (Tenerife, Gran Canaria, Fuerteventura, Lanzarote); South Africa [I]; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl.; Turkey; Iraq; Iran; Afghanistan (Baghlan, Balkh, Helmand, Herat, Kabul, Kandahar, Kunar / Nuristan, Laghman, Nangarhar, Paktia / Khost, Parwan, Qunduz, Samangan, Takhar); Pakistan (Swat, Hazara, Baluchistan, Kurram, Chitral, Murree); NW-India (Jammu & Kashmir); Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], Northern Territory [I], South Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Tasmania [I]); Lord Howe Isl. [I]; Norfolk Isl. [I]; New Zealand [I]; Canada (Alberta, British Columbia); USA (Alabama, Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, New Mexico, Nevada, Oklahoma, Oregon, Texas, Utah, Washington State); Mexico [I]; Isla Guadalupe [I]; Argentina [I]
12 FRA POR SPA 13 GRC ITA KRI 14 est RUS 20 ALG MOR 21 CNY MDR 27 saf 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG EAI IRN IRQ TUR 40 IND PAK 50 aus lhi nfk 51 nzl 71 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 glp mex 85 arg
Synonyms: hidden
= Critesion glaucum (Steud.) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95(7-8): 440 (1984)
= Critesion murinum subsp. glaucum (Steud.) B.K.Simon; Austrobaileya 2(3): 241 (1986)
= Critesion murinum subsp. glaucum (Steud.) W.A.Weber; Phytologia 51(6): 374 (1982)
= Hordeum imrinum Forssk.; Fl. Aegypt.-Arab.: xix (1775)
= Hordeum leporinum subsp. glaucum (Steud.) T.A.Booth & A.J.Richards; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 72(2): 150 (1976)
= Hordeum murinum subsp. glaucum (Steud.) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyss. Rast. 8: 67 (1971)
= Hordeum murinum var. pedicellatum Pau & Font Quer; Font Quer, Exsicc. (Iter Marocc.) 1927: no. 96 (1928)
= Hordeum stebbinsii Covas; Madrono 10: 17 (1949)
species :
Hordeum guatemalense Bothmer, N.Jacobsen & R.B.Jørg.; Willdenowia 15(1): 86 (1985)
Distribution: Guatemala
80 GUA
species :
Hordeum halophilum Griseb.; Abh. Königl. Ges. Wiss. Göttingen 19: 249 (1874)
Distribution: Peru; Bolivia (La Paz, Potosí); Argentina (Catamarca, Chubut, Jujuy, La Rioja, Mendoza, Neuquen, Rio Negro, Salta, Santa Cruz, San Juan, Tierra del Fuego, Tucuman); Chile (Antofagasta, Atacama, Coquimbo, Metropolitana de Santiago, O´Higgins, Biobío, Aisén, Magallanes)
83 BOL PER 85 ARG CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Critesion pubiflorum subsp. halophilum (Griseb.) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95(7-8): 437 (1984)
= Hordeum halophilum var. breviaristatum Parodi & Nicora; Hickenia 1(11): 62 (1977)
= Hordeum pubiflorum subsp. breviaristatum (Parodi & Nicora) Baden; Nordic J. Bot. 16(3): 236 (1996 publ. 1997)
= Hordeum pubiflorum subsp. halophilum (Griseb.) Baden & Bothmer; Nordic J. Bot. 14(2): 124 (1994)
species :
Hordeum jubatum L.; Sp. Pl. 85 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. jubatum
Name: Mähnen-Gerste (DE), Foxtail barley (EN)
Distribution: Denmark [I]; Norway [I]; Sweden [I]; Finland [I]; Netherlands [I]; Belgium [I]; Luxembourg [I]; Germany [I]; Switzerland [I]; Czech Republic [I]; Slovakia [I]; Hungary [I]; Channel Isl. [I]; Estonia [I]; Latvia [I]; Lithuania [I]; Belarus [I]; European Russia [I]; Siberia [I] (Altai [I], Buryatia [I], Irkutsk [I], Krasnoyarsk [I], W-Siberia [I], Yakutia [I]); Russian Far East [I] (Amur [I], Kamchatka [I], Khabarovsk [I], Kuril Isl. [I], Magadan [I], Primorye [I], Sakhalin [I]); Uzbekistan [I]; Tajikistan [I]; Northern Caucasus [I]; Georgia [Caucasus] [I]; China [I] (Heilongjiang [I], Liaoning [I]); South Korea [I]; New Zealand [I]; Alaska; Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Labrador, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Northern Territories, Nunavut, Ontario, Prince Edward Isl., Québec, Saskatchewan, Yukon); St. Pierre et Miquelon; USA (Arkansas, Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Iowa, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, North Carolina, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, Nevada, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Vermont, Washington State, Wisconsin, West Virginia, Wyoming); Mexico (Nuevo León, etc.); Argentina [I]; Chile [I] (Magallanes [I]); Falkland Isl. [I]
10 den fin nor swe 11 bgm cze ger hun lux net slo swi 12 cis 14 blr est lat lit rus 30 sib 31 rfe 32 tzk uzb 33 geo ncs 36 chi 38 kor 51 nzl 70 ASK CDN 71 CDN 72 CDN SPM 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX 85 arg cle 91 fal
Synonyms: hidden
= Critesion geniculatum Raf.; J. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat. Arts 89: 103 (1819)
= Critesion jubatum (L.) Nevski; Kom., Fl. URSS 2: 721 (1934)
= Elymus jubatus (L.) Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 19 (1827)
= Hordeum caespitosum Scribn.; Proc. Davenport Acad. Nat. Sci. 7: 245 (1899)
= Hordeum jubatum var. pampeanum Hauman; Anales Mus. Nac. Hist. Nat. Buenos Aires 28: 285 (1916)
= Hordeum jubatum var. tomentellum Nevski; Trudy Bot. Inst. Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R., Ser. 1, Fl. Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 5: 143 (1941)
= Hordeum pampeanum (Hauman) Herter; Revista Sudamer. Bot. 6: 147 (1940)
= Hordeum pubiflorum var. pampeanum (Hauman) Melderis; Bot. Not. 1953: 359 (1953)
subspecies :
subsp. intermedium Bowden; Canad. J. Bot. 40: (1686) 1962
Name: Intermediate barley
Distribution: Alaska; Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Northern Territories, Ontario, Québec, Saskatchewan, Yukon); USA (Colorado, Illinois, Missouri, Montana, North Dakota, New Mexico, South Dakota, Utah, Wyoming); Mexico (Valle de Mexico, Coahuila, etc.)
70 ASK CDN 71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Hordeum adscendens Kunth; 1 ed. fol. 145. (1816).
= Critesion adscendens (Kunth) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95(7-8): 440 (1984)
= Hordeum ×caespitosum Scribn.(pro sp.); Proc. Davenport Acad. Nat. Sci. 7: 245 (1899)
= Hordeum jubatum var. caespitosum (Scribn.) Hitchc.; Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 41:160 (1928)
species :
Hordeum lechleri (Steud.) Schenck; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 40: 108 (1907), in clavi
Distribution: Argentina (Chubut, Mendoza, Neuquen, Rio Negro, Santa Cruz, Tierra del Fuego); Chile (Aisén, Magallanes)
85 ARG CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Critesion lechleri (Steud.) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95(7-8): 437 (1984)
= Elymus lechleri Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 430 (1854)
= Hordeum pubiflorum var. intermedium (Hauman) Melderis; Bot. Not. 1953: 359 (1953)
= Hordeum secalinum f. intermedium Hauman; Anales Mus. Nac. Hist. Nat. Buenos Aires 28: 307 (1916)
species :
Hordeum leporinum Link; Linnaea 9: 133 (1834)
Name: Südliche Mäuse-Gerste (DE); Southern Wall Barley (EN); Cebadilla ratonera (ES)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; France; Channel Isl.; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); San Marino; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Albania; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Latvia [I]; Lithuania [I]; Belarus; European Russia; C-Ukraine; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Azores (Santa Maria Isl., Sao Miguel Isl., Terceira, Graciosa, Sao Jorge, Pico, Faial, Flores Isl., Corvo Isl.); Madeira (Madeira Isl., Ilhas Desertas, Porto Santo Isl.); Islas Selvagens; Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro, La Palma Isl.); South Africa [I] (Cape Prov. [I]); Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey; Iran; Afghanistan (Badghys, Baghlan, Balkh, Bamyan, Faryab, Helmand, Herat, Kabul, Nimroz, Parwan, Takhar); Pakistan (Baluchistan, Waziristan, N.W.Frontier Prov., Chitral, Murree); ?NW-India (?Jammu & Kashmir); Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], Northern Territory [I], South Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); Lord Howe Isl. [I]; Norfolk Isl. [I]; New Zealand [I]; Kermadec Isl. [I]; Hawaii [I] (Midway Isl. [I], Oahu [I], Lanai [I], Maui [I], Hawaii Isl. [I]); Canada [I] (British Columbia [I]); USA [I] (Arizona [I], California [I], Connecticut [I], District of Columbia [I], Delaware [I], Georgia [I], Idaho [I], Massachusetts [I], Maryland [I], Maine [I], Montana [I], North Carolina [I], New Jersey [I], New Mexico [I], Nevada [I], New York [I], Oklahoma [I], Oregon [I], Pennsylvania [I], South Carolina [I], Texas [I], Utah [I], Virginia [I], Washington State [I], Wyoming [I]); Mexico [I]; Isla Guadalupe [I]; Brazil [I]; Uruguay [I]; Argentina [I]; Chile [I] (Valparaíso [I], Biobío [I])
11 ger HUN 12 CIS COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH CRO GRC ITA KRI MNT PEL SIC SLV SMA 14 BLR lat lit RUS UKR 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN 21 AZO CNY MDR SEL 27 saf 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG EAI IRN TUR 40 PAK 50 aus lhi nfk 51 ker nzl 63 haw 71 cdn 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa 79 glp mex 84 bra 85 arg cle uru
Remarks: often included in H. murinum as subspecies
Synonyms: hidden
= Critesion murinum subsp. leporinum (Link) Á.Löve; Taxon, 29(2-3): 350 (1980)
= Critesion simulans (Bowden) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95(7-8): 440 (1984)
= Hordeum ambiguum Döll; Fl. Bras. 2(3): 231, f. 57 (1880)
= Hordeum chilense Brongn.; Duperr., Voy. Monde, Phan.: 54 (1831), nom. illeg.
= Hordeum dedegenii Lojac.; Fl. Sicul. 3: 363 (1909)
= Hordeum hrasdanicum Gandilyan; Biol. Zhurn. Arm. 33(5): 483 (1980)
= Hordeum leporinum var. simulans Bowden; Canad. J. Bot. 40: 1694 (1962)
= Hordeum murinum subsp. leporinum (Link) Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital. 805 (1882)
= Hordeum murinum subsp. leporinum (Link) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 1: 739 (1902), isonym
= Hordeum murinum var. chilense Brongn.; Duperr., Voy. Monde, Phan. 2: 56 (1829)
= Hordeum murinum var. chilense Eichler; Index Seminum (B, Berolinensis) 1882: 4 (1882)
= Hordeum murinum var. hrasdanicum (Gandilyan) Trofim.; Wulff, Kul´t. Fl. SSSR 2: 124 (1990)
= Hordeum murinum var. leporinum (Link) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 130 (1890), isonym
= Hordeum murinum var. leporinum (Link) Mutel; Fl. Franç. Herbor. 4: 415 (1837)
= Hordeum murinum var. leporinum (Link) Woerl.; 69 (1888), isonym
= Hordeum murinum var. major Godr.; 595 (1856)
= Hordeum murinum var. pseudomurinum (Tapp.) Beck; Fl. Nieder-Österreich: 118 (1890)
= Hordeum murinum var. tappeineri Hausm.; Fl. Tyrol 2: 1021 (1852)
= Hordeum murinum var. velutinum Speg.; Revista Fac. Agron. Veterin (Buenos Aires) 30-31: 588 (1822)
= Hordeum pilosum Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 353 (1854)
species :
Hordeum marinum Huds.; Fl. Angl. ed. 2, 1: 57 (1778)
Name: Strand-Gerste (DE); Sea Barley (EN); Cebadilla (ES)
Distribution: England; +Denmark; Netherlands; Belgium; Germany (Baden-Württemberg [I], Bayern [I], Mecklenburg-Vorpommern [I], +Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen [I], +Schleswig-Holstein, Sachsen [I]); Slovakia; Portugal; Spain; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); San Marino; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; ?Serbia; Kosovo; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Lithuania [I]; European Russia; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt (Northern Desert, Nile Valley, Western Desert, Western Oases, NW-Egypt); Madeira (Madeira Isl., Porto Santo Isl.); Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife); Turkmenistan; Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (Inner Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iraq (NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia, W-Iraq: Desert); Iran (EC-Iran, S-Iran); Cyprus (E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus); Lebanon; Syria; Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, N-Israel); Sinai peninsula (N-Sinai); Kuwait; Australia [I] (South Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); New Zealand [I]; USA [I] (California [I], New Jersey [I], Oregon [I]); Argentina [I]; Chile [I] (Valparaíso [I], Metropolitana de Santiago [I], Maule [I], Biobío [I], Araucanía [I], Los Rios [I], Los Lagos [I], Aisén [I], Magallanes [I])
10 DEN GRB 11 BGM GER NET SLO 12 BAL COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MNT PEL ROM SIC SLV SMA TUE 14 lit RUS 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 21 CNY MDR 32 TKM 33 ARM AZE NCS 34 CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR LEB SIN SYR TUR 35 KUW 50 aus 51 nzl 73 usa 75 usa 76 usa 85 arg cle
Remarks: marinum agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Critesion marinum (Huds.) Á.Löve; Taxon, 29(2-3): 350 (1980)
= Critesion marinum var. pubescens (Guss.) J.Blanco & F.M.Vázquez; Folia Bot. Extremadur. 7: 83 (2013)
= Hordeum berteroanum É.Desv.; Gay, Fl. Chil. 6: 460 (1853)
= Hordeum caudatum V.Jirásek; Pl. Syst. Evol. 191: 222 (1994)
= Hordeum marinum var. pubescens (Guss.) Nevski; Trudy Bot. Inst. Akad. Nauk SSSR., Ser. 1, Fl. Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 5: 213 (1941)
= Hordeum maritimum subsp. pubescens (Guss.) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 131 (1890)
= Hordeum maritimum Stokes; W. Withering, Bot. Arr. Brit. Pl. ed. 2, 1: 127 (1787), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Hordeum maritimum var. annuum (Lange) Maire & Weiller; Fl. Afrique N. 3: 380 (1955)
= Hordeum maritimum var. incertum Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 33: 101 (1942)
= Hordeum maritimum var. pubescens (Guss.) J.Woods; Tourist´s Fl.: 420 (1850)
= Hordeum maritimum With.; Bot. Arr. Brit. Pl. ed. 2. 1: 127 (1787), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Hordeum pratense var. annuum Lange; Vidensk. Meddel. Naturhist. Foren. Kjøbenhavn, II 2: 54 (1861)
= Hordeum pubescens Guss.; Fl. Sicul. Prodr. 1: 144 (1827)
= Hordeum rigidum Roth; Catal. Bot. 1: 24 (1880)
= Hordeum secalinum subsp. marinum (Huds.) Fouill. & Litard.; Litard., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 73: 223 (1926)
= Hordeum winkleri Hack.; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 27: 49 (1877)
= Zeocriton rigidum (Roth) P.Beauv.; Ess. Agrostogr.: 114 (1812)
species :
Hordeum murinum L.; Sp. Pl. 85 (1753)
Name: Mäusegerste (DE), Wall barley (EN)
Distribution: England; Ireland [I]; Denmark [I]; Norway [I]; Sweden [I]; Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; Andorra; Baleares; France; Channel Isl.; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Pantelleria; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece; Crete; Latvia [I]; Lithuania [I]; Belarus; E-European Russia; Ukraine; Crimea; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt (Desert Oases, Eastern Desert, Great Southwestern Desert, Nile Delta, Nile Valley, NW-coastal Egypt); Canary Isl. (Gran Canaria, Tenerife, Fuerteventura, Lanzarote); South Africa [I] (Cape Prov. [I]); Lesotho [I]; Northern Caucasus; East Aegaean Isl.; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia, S-Iraq, W-Iraq: Desert); Iran (EC-Iran, EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, S-Iran, W-Iran); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, Jazira, NW-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (C-Israel, coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, N-Negev Desert, Judean Desert, Negev Desert); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, N-Sinai, S-Sinai); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Saudi Arabia (C-Saudi Arabia, Dahana, NE-Saudi Arabia, Asir, Nejd Desert); Kuwait; Qatar; United Arab Emirates; South Korea [I]; Japan [I] (Honshu [I], Shikoku [I], Kyushu [I]); India [I] (Jammu & Kashmir [I]); Australia [I] (Tasmania [I]); New Zealand [I]; Chatham Isl. [I]; New Caledonia [I]; Easter Isl. [I]; Canada [I] (British Columbia [I]); USA [I] (Arizona [I], California [I], Colorado [I], Delaware [I], Maryland [I], Oregon [I], Pennsylvania [I], Utah [I], Washington State [I]); Mexico [I]; Guatemala [I]; Peru [I]; Bolivia [I]; Uruguay [I]; Argentina [I]; Chile [I] (Antofagasta [I], Atacama [I], Coquimbo [I], Valparaíso [I], Metropolitana de Santiago [I], O´Higgins [I], Maule [I], Ñuble [I], Biobío [I], Araucanía [I], Los Rios [I], Los Lagos [I], Aisén [I], Magallanes [I]); Juan Fdz. Isl. [I]
10 den GRB ire nor swe 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 ADO BAL CIS COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MNT NMA PTL ROM SIC SLV SRB TUE 14 BLR KRY lat lit RUS UKR 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 21 CNY 27 les saf 33 NCS 34 CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SIN SYR TUR 35 KUW QAT SAU UAE 38 jap kor 40 ind 50 aus 51 ctm nzl 60 nwc 61 eas 71 cdn 73 usa 75 usa 76 usa 78 usa 79 mex 80 gua 83 bol per 85 arg cle jnf uru
Remarks: murinum agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Critesion murinum (L.) Á.Löve; Taxon, 29(2-3): 350 (1980)
= Hordeum boreale Gand.; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 31: 47 (1881)
= Hordeum coleophorum Phil.; Anales Univ. Chile 94: 346 (1896)
= Hordeum delphicum Gand.; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 31: 46 (1881)
= Hordeum depilatum Gand.; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 31: 46 (1881)
= Hordeum dilatatum Gand.; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 31: 47 (1881)
= Hordeum elongatum Gand.; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 31: 47 (1881)
= Hordeum flexicaule Gand.; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 31: 46 (1881)
= Hordeum hohenackeri Gand.; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 31: 47 (1881)
= Hordeum leporinum var. murinum (L.) Lojac.; Fl. Sicul. 3: 363 (1909), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Hordeum microcladum Gand.; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 31: 46 (1881)
= Hordeum murinum f. montanum Hack.; Allg. Bot. Z. Syst. 9: 35 (1903)
= Hordeum murinum subsp. macrostachyum Ehrh.; 216 (1780), nom. inval.
= Hordeum murinum subsp. microstachyum Ehrh.; 216 (1780), nom. inval.
= Hordeum murinum subsp. montanum (Hack.) H.Scholz & Raus; Feddes Repert. 108(7-8): 530 (1997)
= Hordeum murinum subsp. rubens (Willk.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 838 (1882)
= Hordeum murinum subsp. setariurum H.Scholz & Raus; Feddes Repert. 108: 528 (1997)
= Hordeum murinum var. angustifolium Opiz; Bercht. & Opiz, Oekon.-Techn. Fl. Böhm. 1: 266 (1836)
= Hordeum murinum var. arenarium Bab.; Prim. Fl. Sarnicae: 116 (1839)
= Hordeum murinum var. boreale (Gand.) Neuman; Sver. Fl.: 729 (1901)
= Hordeum murinum var. depilatum (Gand.) Neuman; Sver. Fl.: 729 (1901)
= Hordeum murinum var. glaucescens Döll; Fl. Bad.: 118 (1859)
= Hordeum murinum var. glaucescens Zapal.; Rozpr. Wydz. Mat.-Przyr. Akad. Umiejetn., Dzial B, Nauki Biol., III 4: 194 (1904)
= Hordeum murinum var. leptostachys Trab.; Batt. & Trab., Fl. Alger: 111 (1884)
= Hordeum murinum var. majus Godr.; Gren. & Godr., Fl. France Corse 3: 595 (1856)
= Hordeum murinum var. pruinosum Hausskn.; Mitth. Thüring. Bot. Vereins, n.f., 14: 61 (1899)
= Hordeum murinum var. simulans Bowden; Canad. J. Bot. 40: 1694 (1962)
= Hordeum neglectum Gand.; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 31: 47 (1881)
= Hordeum pseudomurinum Tapp. ex W.D.J.Koch; Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv., ed. 2: 955 (1845)
= Hordeum purpurascens Gand.; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 31: 46 (1881)
= Hordeum rubens Willk.; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 25: 109 (1875)
= Hordeum vaginatum K.Koch; Linnaea 21: 433 (1848)
= Triticum murale Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton: 27 (1796), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Zeocriton murinum (L.) P.Beauv.; Ess. Agrost. 115: 182 (1812)
species :
Hordeum muticum J.Presl; Reliq. Haenk. 1: 327 (1830)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Colombia; Ecuador; Peru; Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz, Oruro, Potosí, Tarija); Argentina (Catamarca, Cordoba, Jujuy, La Rioja, Salta, San Juan, San Luis, Tucuman); Chile (Arica y Parinacota, Tarapacá, Antofagasta, Atacama, Metropolitana de Santiago, Los Rios, Los Lagos)
11 ger 82 CLM 83 BOL ECU PER 85 ARG CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Critesion muticum (J.Presl) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95(7­8): 439 (1984)
= Hordeum andicola Griseb.; Abh. Königl. Ges. Wiss. Göttingen 24: 285 (1879)
= Hordeum chilense var. muticum (J.Presl) Hauman; Anales Mus. Nac. Hist. Nat. Buenos Aires 28: 273 (1916)
= Hordeum muticum var. andicola (Griseb.) Thell.; Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Math. Cherbourg 38: 157 (1912)
= Hordeum secalinum var. andicola (Griseb.) Hauman; Anales Mus. Nac. Hist. Nat. Buenos Aires 28: 304 (1916)
= Hordeum secalinum var. parviflorum Hack.; Anales Mus. Nac. Hist. Nat. Buenos Aires 13: 533 (1906)
species :
Hordeum parodii Covas; Revista Argent. Agron. 18: 74 (1951)
Distribution: Argentina (Buenos Aires, Chubut, La Pampa, Mendoza, Neuquen, Rio Negro, Santa Cruz); Chile (Aisén, Magallanes)
85 ARG CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Critesion parodii (Covas) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95(7-8): 438 (1984)
= Hordeum parodii var. araucanum Parodi & Nicora; Hickenia 1(11): 59 (1977)
species :
Hordeum patagonicum (Hauman) Covas; Revista Argent. Agron. 20: 63 (1953)
subspecies :
subsp. patagonicum
Distribution: Argentina (Chubut, Mendoza, Santa Cruz)
85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Critesion patagonicum (Hauman) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95(7-8): 439 (1984)
= Hordeum maritimum var. patagonicum Hauman; Anales Mus. Nac. Hist. Nat. Buenos Aires 28: 288 (1916)
subspecies :
subsp. magellanicum (Parodi & Nicora) Bothmer, Giles & N.Jacobsen; Bot. Jahrb., 109(3): 380 (1988)
Distribution: Argentina (Santa Cruz, Tierra del Fuego); Chile (Atacama, Metropolitana de Santiago, Aisén, Magallanes)
85 ARG CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Critesion magellanicum (Parodi & Nicora) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95(7-8): 439 (1984)
= Hordeum chilense var. magellanicum Parodi ex Nicora; Hickenia 1(11): 61 (1977)
subspecies :
subsp. mustersii (Nicora) Bothmer, Giles & N.Jacobsen; Bot. Jahrb., 109(3): 378 (1988)
Distribution: Argentina (Santa Cruz)
85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Critesion mustersii (Nicora) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95(7-8): 439 (1984)
= Hordeum mustersii Nicora; Hickenia 1(20): 113 (1977)
subspecies :
subsp. santacrucense (Parodi & Nicora) Bothmer, Giles & N.Jacobsen; Bot. Jahrb., 109(3): 378 (1988)
Distribution: Argentina (Chubut, Rio Negro, Santa Cruz); Chile (Aisén, Magallanes)
85 ARG CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Critesion santacrucense (Parodi & Nicora) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95(7-8): 439 (1984)
= Hordeum santacrucense Parodi & Nicora; Hickenia 1(11): 58 (1977)
subspecies :
subsp. setifolium (Parodi & Nicora) Bothmer, Giles & N.Jacobsen; Bot. Jahrb., 109(3): 376 (1988)
Distribution: Argentina (Santa Cruz)
85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Critesion setifolium (Parodi & Nicora) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95(7-8): 439 (1984)
= Hordeum setifolium Parodi & Nicora; Hickenia 1(11): 59(1977)
species :
Hordeum procerum Nevski; Acta Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS, Ser. 1 (Fl. & Syst. Pl. Vasc.) Fasc. 5, 148(1941)
Distribution: Argentina (Buenos Aires, Chubut, La Pampa, Mendoza, Neuquen, Rio Negro, Santa Cruz, San Luis, Tierra del Fuego)
85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Critesion procerum (Nevski) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95(7-8): 437 (1984)
= Hordeum hexaploidum Covas; Revista Argent. Agron. 17(3): 230 (1950)
species :
Hordeum pubiflorum Hook.f.; Fl. Antarct. 2: 388 (1847)
Distribution: Argentina (Neuquen, Santa Cruz, Tierra del Fuego); Chile (Metropolitana de Santiago, Maule, Biobío, Magallanes)
85 ARG CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Critesion pubiflorum (Hook.f.) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95(7-8): 437 (1984)
= Hordeum comosum var. pubiflorum (Hook.f.) Thell.; Vierteljahrsschr. Naturf. Ges. Zurich 64: 715 (1919)
= Hordeum jubatum f. violaceum Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(3): 355 (1898)
= Hordeum jubatum f. viride Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(3): 355 (1898)
= Hordeum jubatum var. pilosulum Franch.; Miss. Sci. Cap Horn, Bot. 5: 389 (1889)
= Hordeum pubiflorum var. glabrum Melderis; Bot. Not. 1958: 359 (1953)
= Hordeum secalinum var. pubiflorum (Hook.f.) Hauman; Anales Mus. Nac. Hist. Nat. Buenos Aires 28: 306 (1916)
species :
Hordeum pusillum Nutt.; Gen. N. Amer. Pl. 1: 87 (1818)
Name: Little barley (EN)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Canada (SE-Alberta); USA (S-Washington, E-Oregon, California, Nevada, Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, Utah, Colorado, Arizona, New Mexico, North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, Kansas, Oklahoma, Texas, Minnesota, Iowa, Missouri, Arkansas, Louisiana, Wisconsin, Illinois, Michigan, Indiana, Ohio, Kentucky, Tennessee, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, Florida, South Carolina, North Carolina, West Virginia, Virginia, Maryland, Delaware, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, New York, New Hampshire, Connecticut, Massachusetts, Rhode Island); Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila, Sonora, etc.); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Cordoba, Corrientes, Argentina Distrito Federal, Entre Rios, La Pampa, Mendoza, Rio Negro, Santa Fe)
11 ger 71 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX 85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Critesion pusillum (Nutt.) Á.Löve; Taxon 29(1): 166 (1980)
= Hordeum intercedens Nevski; Trudy Bot. Inst. Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R., Ser. 1, Fl. Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 5: 222 (1941)
= Hordeum pusillum var. pubens Hitchc.; J. Washington Acad. Sci. 23: 453 (1933)
= Hordeum riehlii Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 353 (1854)
species :
Hordeum roshevitzii Bowden; Canad. J. Genet. & Cytol. 7: 395 (1965)
Distribution: Siberia (Altai, Buryatia, Chita, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, W-Siberia); Russian Far East (Primorye); Kazakhstan; China (Gansu, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang); Mongolia; Japan
30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ 36 CHI 37 MON 38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Critesion californicum subsp. sibiricum (Roshev.) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95(7-8): 438 (1984)
= Critesion roshevitzii (Bowden) Tzvelev; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 84(7): 113 (1999)
= Hordeum innermongolicum P.C.Kuo & L.B.Cai; Acta Biol. Plateau Sin. 6: 223 (1987)
= Hordeum sibiricum Roshev.; Bull. Jard. Bot. Princ. URSS 28: 385 (1929) non Schenk (1908)
species :
Hordeum secalinum Schreb.; Spicil. Fl. Lips. 148 (1771)
Name: Knoten-Gerste, Roggen-Gerste (DE)
Distribution: England; Ireland; Denmark; Sweden; Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, +Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Poland; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; France; Channel Isl.; Corsica; Italy; Sicily; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Romania; Bulgaria; Greece; Latvia [I]; European Russia; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Madeira (Madeira Isl., Porto Santo Isl.); Northern Caucasus; Lebanon (Antilebanon); Israel (N-Israel); Saudi Arabia (N-Saudi Arabia); Australia [I] (Victoria [I]); New Zealand [I]
10 DEN GRB IRE SWE 11 BGM GER HUN LUX NET POL SWI 12 CIS COR FRA POR SPA 13 BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SRB 14 lat RUS 20 ALG MOR TUN 21 MDR 33 NCS 34 ISR LEB 35 SAU 50 aus 51 nzl
Synonyms: hidden
= Critesion secalinum (Schreb.) Á.Löve; Taxon, 29(2-3): 350 (1980)
= Frumentum pratense E.H.L.Krause; Bot. Centralbl. 73: 339 (1898), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Hordeum maritimum O.F.Müll.; Oeder et al., Fl. Dan. 4(11): 5, t. 630 (1775)
= Hordeum maritimum Roth; Tent. Fl. Germ. 2(1): 150 (1789), nom. illeg.
= Hordeum maximum Vill.; J. E. Gilibert, Syst. Pl. Eur. 1: 10 (1786)
= Hordeum murinum subsp. secalinum (Schreb.) Bonnier & Layens; Tabl. Syn. Pl. Vasc. France: 369 (1894)
= Hordeum murinum var. secalinum (Schreb.) Rich.; G.-E. Merlet de la Boulaye, Herbor. Dép. Maine-et-Loire: 39 (1809)
= Hordeum nodosum var. maroccanum Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 31: 48 (1940)
= Hordeum nodosum var. secalinum (Schreb.) Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 31: 48 (1940)
= Hordeum pratense Huds.; Fl. Angl., ed. 2: 56 (1778)
= Hordeum pratense var. marinum (W.D.J.Koch) Joh.G.Zimm.; 516 (1936)
= Hordeum pratense var. pubescens Peterm.; Fl. Lips. Excurs.: 69 (1838)
= Hordeum rothii Link; Linnaea 17: 392 (1844)
= Hordeum secalinum var. angustifolium J.T.Jansen & Wacht.; Ned. Kruidk. Arch. 43: 193 (1933)
= Hordeum secalinum var. distichum J.T.Jansen & Wacht.; Ned. Kruidk. Arch. 43: f. 11b (1933)
= Hordeum secalinum var. maritimum (Roth) W.D.J.Koch; Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv., ed. 2: 956 (1844)
= Hordeum secalinum var. pubescens N.H.F.Desp.; Fl. Sarthe: 334 (1838)
= Hordeum secalinum var. uniflorum Lojac.; Fl. Sicul. 3: 365 (1909)
= Hordeum sibiricum Link ex Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 775 (1841), pro syn.
= Zeocriton maritimum P.Beauv.; Ess. Agrostogr.: 114 (1812)
= Zeocriton secalinum (Schreb.) P.Beauv.; Ess. Agrostogr.: 114 (1812)
species :
Hordeum spontaneum K.Koch; Linnaea 21: 430 (1848)
Name: Wild-Gerste (DE); Wild Barley (EN)
Distribution: Germany [I]; European Turkey; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Lithuania [I]; Belarus [I]; Libya; Egypt (NE-Egypt, NW-coastal Egypt); Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Armenia; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl. (widespread, incl. Rhodos, Karpathos, Kasos); Turkey (E-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, W-Iraq: Desert); Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, S-Iran, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Badghys, Baghlan, Herat, Takhar); Cyprus (C-Mountains, N-Cyprus); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon); Syria (Jazira, NW-Syria, Jbel Druze, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, N-Negev Desert, Judean Desert, S-Negev Desert, Negev Desert); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Yemen (W-Yemen); China (Sichuan); Tibet; Pakistan (Baluchistan, Quetta); NW-India (Jammu & Kashmir)
11 ger 13 GRC KRI TUE 14 blr lit 20 EGY LBY 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE 34 AFG CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SIN SYR TUR 35 YEM 36 CHI TIB 40 IND PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Hordeum agriocrithon Åberg; Ann. Agric. Coll. Sweden 6: 159-216 (1938)
= Hordeum agriocrithon var. dawoense Åberg; Symb. Bot. Upsal. 4(4): 33 (1940)
= Hordeum agriocrithon var. nudum Q.Q.Shao; Geol. Ecol. Studies Qinghai-Xizang Plateau 2: 1350 (1981), no type indicated
= Hordeum decaisneanum Hook.f.; Fl. Brit. India 7: 372 (1896), pro syn.
= Hordeum decaisnei Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 5: 686 (1884), pro syn.
= Hordeum distichon var. spontaneum (K.Koch) Asch. & Schweinf.; Bull. Herb. Boissier 1: 677 (1893)
= Hordeum ischnatherum (Coss.) Schweinf.; Ber. Deutsch. Bot. Ges. 26: 312 (1908)
= Hordeum ithaburense Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. 13: 70 (1854)
= Hordeum ithaburense var. ischnatherum Coss.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 11: 163 (1864)
= Hordeum proskowetzii Nábelek; Spisy Prír. Fak. Masarykovy Univ. 111: 32 (1929), pro syn.
= Hordeum spontaneum var. anatolicum Cabi & Dogan; Ot Sist. Bot. Dergisi 19(2): 61 (2012)
= Hordeum spontaneum var. ischnatherum (Coss.) Thell.; Fl. Adv. Montpellier, 161 (1912)
= Hordeum spontaneum var. ithaburense (Boiss.) Nábelek; Spisy Prír. Fak. Masarykovy Univ. 111: 32 (1929)
= Hordeum spontaneum var. ladarcyvir Gandiljan; Dokl. Akad. Nauk Armyanskoi S.S.R. 52: 290 (1971)
= Hordeum spontaneum var. proskowetzii Nábelek; Publ. Fac. Sci. Univ. (Brno) III: 32 (1929)
= Hordeum spontaneum var. turcomanicum Vavilov & Orlov ex Lukyanova, Trofim., G.N.Gudkova, Terentyeva & Yarosh; Wulff, Kul´t. Fl. SSSR 2: 93 (1990)
= Hordeum vulgare subsp. agriocrithon (Åberg) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95(7-8): 435 (1984)
= Hordeum vulgare subsp. spontaneum (K.Koch) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 723 (1902)
= Hordeum vulgare var. spontaneum (K.Koch) Körn.; Z. Gesammte Brauwesen 5: 127 (1882)
species :
Hordeum stenostachys Godr.; Mem. Acad. Montp. (Sect. Medic). 1: 455 (1853)
Distribution: Germany [I]; South Africa [I] (Free State [I], E-Cape Prov. [I]); S-Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina); Uruguay (Florida, Lavalleja); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Catamarca, Chaco, Chubut, Cordoba, Argentina Distrito Federal, Entre Rios, Jujuy, La Pampa, La Rioja, Mendoza, Misiones, Rio Negro, Santiago del Estero, Santa Fe, San Juan, San Luis, Tucuman)
11 ger 27 saf 84 BRA 85 ARG URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Critesion stenostachys (Godr.) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95(7-8): 439 (1984)
= Hordeum chilense f. elongatum Hauman; Anales Mus. Nac. Hist. Nat. Buenos Aires 28: 278 (1916)
= Hordeum chilense f. longiaristatum Hauman; Anales Mus. Nac. Hist. Nat. Buenos Aires 28: 275 (1916)
= Hordeum chilense var. compressum (Griseb.) Hauman; Anales Mus. Nac. Hist. Nat. Buenos Aires 28: 276 (1916)
= Hordeum compressum Griseb.; Abh. Königl. Ges. Wiss. Göttingen 19: 249 (1874)
= Hordeum compressum var. superatum Hack.; Anales Mus. Nac. Hist. Nat. Buenos Aires 13: 531 (1906)
= Hordeum muticum var. compressum (Griseb.) Thell.; Fl. Advent. Montpell. 157 (1912)
= Hordeum muticum var. superatum (Hack.) Thell.; Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Math. Cherbourg 38: 157 (1912)
= Hordeum nodosum var. parviflorum (Hack.) Henrard & Thell.; Meded. Rijks-Herb. 40: 75 (1921)
= Hordeum secalinum var. puberulum Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(3): 355 (1898)
= Hordeum secalinum var. scabriusculum Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(3): 355 (1898)
= Hordeum stenostachys var. superatum (Hack.) Thell. ex Stuck.; Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 17: 303 (1914)
species :
Hordeum tetraploideum Covas; Revista Argent. Agron. 20: 65 (1953)
Distribution: Argentina (Chubut, Mendoza, Neuquen, Rio Negro, Santa Cruz)
85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Critesion tetraploideum (Covas) Á.Löve; Feddes Repert. 95(7-8): 438 (1984)
species :
Hordeum vulgare L.; Sp. PI.: 84 (1753)
Name: Saat-Gerste, Mehrzeilige Gerste (DE); Six-rowed Barley (EN); Cebada (ES)
Distribution: Germany [c]; Czech Republic [c]; Slovakia [c]; Hungary [c]; Slovenia [c]; Croatia [c]; Bosnia & Hercegovina [c]; Estonia [c]; Latvia [c]; Lithuania [c]; Belarus [c]; European Russia; Morocco [c]; Western Sahara [c]; Algeria [c]; Tunisia [c]; Libya [c]; Azores [c] (Terceira [c]); Madeira [c] (Madeira Isl. [c]); Canary Isl. [c] (Lanzarote [c], Fuerteventura [c], Tenerife [c]); Mauritania [c]; Rwanda [c]; Ethiopia [c]; Russian Far East [I] (Amur [I], Kamchatka [I], Khabarovsk [I], Magadan [I], Primorye [I], Sakhalin [I]); Turkmenistan [I]; Uzbekistan [c]; Kyrgyzstan [I]; Tajikistan [I]; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl. (Rhodos); Turkey; Iraq (SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia, W-Iraq: Desert, NW-Iraq); Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, S-Iran, W-Iran); Afghanistan [c]; Qatar [c]; China [c]; Mongolia; South Korea [c]; Ryukyu Isl. [c]; Pakistan [c]; India [c]; Sri Lanka [c]; Bangladesh [c]; Myanmar [c]; Java [c]; Australia [c] (South Australia [c], Queensland [c], New South Wales [c], Tasmania [c]); New Zealand [c]; New Caledonia [c]; Fiji [c]; Hawaii [c] (Kauai [c], Oahu [c], Maui [c], Hawaii Isl. [c]); Greenland [c]; Canada [c] (Yukon [c], British Columbia [c], Alberta [c], Saskatchewan [c], Manitoba [c], Ontario [c], Québec [c], New Brunswick [c], Nova Scotia [c]); USA [c] (Washington [c], Oregon [c], California [c], Nevada [c], Idaho [c], Montana [c], Wyoming [c], Utah [c], Colorado [c], Arizona [c], New Mexico [c], North Dakota [c], Nebraska [c], Kansas [c], Oklahoma [c], Texas [c], Minnesota [c], Iowa [c], Missouri [c], Arkansas [c], Louisiana [c], Wisconsin [c], Illinois [c], Michigan [c], Indiana [c], Ohio [c], Kentucky [c], Tennessee [c], Mississippi [c], Georgia [c], Florida [c], South Carolina [c], North Carolina [c], West Virginia [c], Virginia [c], Maryland [c], Delaware [c], New Jersey [c], Pennsylvania [c], New York [c], Vermont [c], New Hampshire [c], Connecticut [c], Massachusetts [c], Rhode Island [c], Maine [c]); Mexico [c]; Guatemala [c]; El Salvador [c]; Honduras [c]; Cuba [c]; Hispaniola [c]; Martinique [c]; Colombia [c]; Ecuador [c]; Peru [c]; Bolivia [c]; Brazil [c]; Uruguay [c]; Argentina [c]; Chile [c]
11 cze ger hun slo 13 bih cro slv 14 blr est lat lit RUS 20 alg lby mor tun wsa 21 azo cny mdr 22 mtn 23 rwa 24 eth 31 rfe 32 kgz tkm tzk uzb 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 afg EAI IRN IRQ TUR 35 qat 36 chi 37 MON 38 kor nns 40 ban ind pak srl 41 mya 42 jaw 50 aus 51 nzl 60 fij nwc 63 haw 70 cdn gnl 71 cdn 72 cdn 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa 79 mex 80 els gua hon 81 cub his mar 82 clm 83 bol ecu per 84 bra 85 arg cle uru
Remarks: the multitude of cultivated forms is not differentiated here
Synonyms: hidden
= Frumentum hordeum E.H.L.Krause; Bot. Centralbl. 73: 339 (1898), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Frumentum sativum E.H.L.Krause; Bot. Centralbl. 73: 339 (1898)
= Hordeum aestivum R.E.Regel; Trudy Byuro Prikl. Bot. 8: 519 (1915), nom. nud.
= Hordeum americanum R.E.Regel; Trudy Byuro Prikl. Bot. 8: 519 (1915), nom. nud.
= Hordeum barbaricum Risso; Hist. Nat. Prod. Eur. Mérid. 2: 365, 473 (1826)
= Hordeum bifarium Roth; Nov. Pl. Sp.: 59 (1821)
= Hordeum brachyatherum R.E.Regel; Trudy Byuro Prikl. Bot. 7: 794 (1914), nom. nud.
= Hordeum caspicum R.E.Regel; Trudy Byuro Prikl. Bot. 7: 784 (1914), nom. nud.
= Hordeum coeleste (L.) P.Beauv.; Ess. Agrostogr.: 141 (1812)
= Hordeum coeleste var. barbatum Ser.; Ann. Sci. Phys. Nat. Lyon 4: 351 (1841), nom. inval.
= Hordeum daghestanicum R.E.Regel; Trudy Byuro Prikl. Bot. 8: 519 (1915), nom. nud.
= Hordeum defectoides R.E.Regel; Trudy Byuro Prikl. Bot. 8: 519 (1915), nom. nud.
= Hordeum durum R.E.Regel; Trudy Byuro Prikl. Bot. 8: 519 (1915), nom. nud.
= Hordeum elongatum R.E.Regel; Trudy Byuro Prikl. Bot. 8: 519 (1915), nom. nud.
= Hordeum gymnodistichum Duthie; Fodder Grasses N. India: 70 (1888)
= Hordeum hexastichon L.; Sp. Pl.: 85 (1753)
= Hordeum hexastichon var. densum Ser.; Ann. Sci. Phys. Nat. Lyon 4: 345 (1841)
= Hordeum hexastichon var. laxum Ser.; Ann. Sci. Phys. Nat. Lyon 4: 344 (1841)
= Hordeum hexastichon var. mandshuricum Regel; Index Seminum (LE, Petropolitanus) 1857: 25 (1858)
= Hordeum hibernaculum R.E.Regel; Trudy Byuro Prikl. Bot. 8: 519 (1915), nom. nud.
= Hordeum hibernans R.E.Regel; Trudy Byuro Prikl. Bot. 8: 519 (1915), nom. nud.
= Hordeum himalayense Rittig; Beschr. Himalaya-Gerste: 3 (1822)
= Hordeum himalayense Schult.; Roem. & Schult., Mant. 2: 481 (1824)
= Hordeum hirtiusculum R.E.Regel; Trudy Byuro Prikl. Bot. 8: 519 (1915), nom. nud.
= Hordeum horsfordianum R.E.Regel; Trudy Byuro Prikl. Bot. 8: 520 (1915), nom. nud.
= Hordeum ircutianum R.E.Regel; Trudy Byuro Prikl. Bot. 8: 519 (1915), nom. nud.
= Hordeum jarenskianum R.E.Regel; Trudy Byuro Prikl. Bot. 8: 519 (1915), nom. nud.
= Hordeum juliae R.E.Regel; Trudy Byuro Prikl. Bot. 7: 785 (1914), nom. nud.
= Hordeum kalugense R.E.Regel; Trudy Byuro Prikl. Bot. 8: 794 (1915), nom. nud.
= Hordeum karzinianum R.E.Regel; Trudy Byuro Prikl. Bot. 8: 520 (1915), nom. nud.
= Hordeum kiarchanum R.E.Regel; Trudy Byuro Prikl. Bot. 8: 519 (1915), nom. nud.
= Hordeum laevipaleatum R.E.Regel; Trudy Byuro Prikl. Bot. 7: 785 (1914), nom. nud.
= Hordeum lapponicum R.E.Regel; Trudy Byuro Prikl. Bot. 8: 784 (1915), nom. nud.
= Hordeum latum Risso; Hist. Nat. Prod. Eur. Mérid. 2: 366 (1826)
= Hordeum leptostachys Griff.; Itin. Pl. Khasyah Mts.: 270 (1845)
= Hordeum macrolepis A.Braun; Index Seminum (FB) 1848: 2 (1848)
= Hordeum mandshuricum R.E.Regel; Trudy Byuro Prikl. Bot. 7: 785 (1914), nom. nud.
= Hordeum mandshuroides R.E.Regel; Trudy Byuro Prikl. Bot. 7: 794 (1914), nom. nud.
= Hordeum michalkowii R.E.Regel; Trudy Byuro Prikl. Bot. 7: 785 (1914), nom. nud.
= Hordeum nekludowii R.E.Regel; Trudy Byuro Prikl. Bot. 8: 336 (1915), nom. nud.
= Hordeum nigrum Willd.; Enum. Pl.: 1037 (1809)
= Hordeum nudum-distichum Risso; Hist. Nat. Prod. Eur. Mérid. 2: 366 (1826)
= Hordeum pamiricum Vavilov; Trudy Prikl. Bot., Suppl. 22: 38, 41 (1922), nom. nud.
= Hordeum parvum R.E.Regel; Trudy Byuro Prikl. Bot. 8: 520 (1915), nom. nud.
= Hordeum pensanum R.E.Regel; Trudy Byuro Prikl. Bot. 7: 794 (1914), nom. nud.
= Hordeum perversum Forssk.; Fl. Aegypt.-Arab.: xix (1775)
= Hordeum polystichon Haller f. [Nov.Comm.Götting.6: (1776) 5]
= Hordeum polystichon var. hackelii Chiov.; Monogr. Rapp. Colon. 19: 52 (1912)
= Hordeum polystichon var. hexastichon Döll; Rhein. Fl.: 66 (1843)
= Hordeum polystichon var. vulgare (L.) Döll; Rhein. Fl.: 67 (1843)
= Hordeum praecox Risso; Hist. Nat. Prod. Eur. Mérid. 2: 366 (1826)
= Hordeum pyramidatum R.E.Regel; Trudy Byuro Prikl. Bot. 8: 519 (1915), nom. nud.
= Hordeum revelatum (Körn.) A.Schulz; Ber. Deutsch. Bot. Ges. 34: 610 (1916)
= Hordeum sativum Pers.; Syn. Pl. 1: 108 (1805) [nom. inval., as syn. of Hordeum vulgare L.]
= Hordeum sativum subsp. hexastichon (L.) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 130 (1890), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Hordeum sativum subsp. polystichum (Döll ex Jess.) Voss; 275, 277 (1885)
= Hordeum sativum subsp. vulgare (L.) K.Richt.; 130 (1890), nom. illeg.
= Hordeum sativum subvar. album Voss; 275, 277, 278 (1885), nom. illeg.
= Hordeum sativum subvar. flaccidum Voss; 275, 279 (1885)
= Hordeum sativum subvar. nigrum Voss; 275, 277, 278 (1885), nom. illeg.
= Hordeum sativum subvar. rectum Voss; 275, 278 (1885)
= Hordeum sativum subvar. trifurcatum (Ser.) Voss; 275, 279 (1885)
= Hordeum sativum var. coeleste (L.) Voss; 275, 278 (1885)
= Hordeum sativum var. hexastichon (L.) Jess.; 551 (1879), nom. illeg.
= Hordeum sativum var. inaequale Voss; 275, 278 (1885)
= Hordeum sativum var. nigrum (Willd.) K.Richt.; 130 (1890)
= Hordeum sativum var. trifurcatum Schltdl. ex Orlov & Åberg; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 50: 9 (1941)
= Hordeum sativum var. vulgare (L.) Jess.; 551 (1879), nom. illeg.
= Hordeum sativum var. vulgare (L.) Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 130 (1890)
= Hordeum scabriusculum R.E.Regel; Trudy Byuro Prikl. Bot. 7: 785 (1914), nom. nud.
= Hordeum septentrionale R.E.Regel; Trudy Byuro Prikl. Bot. 8: 337 (1915), nom. nud.
= Hordeum stassewitschii R.E.Regel; Trudy Byuro Prikl. Bot. 8: 519 (1915), nom. nud.
= Hordeum strobelense Chiov.; Monogr. Rapp. Colon. 19: 49 (1912)
= Hordeum taganrocense R.E.Regel; Trudy Byuro Prikl. Bot. 8: 520 (1915), nom. nud.
= Hordeum tanaiticum R.E.Regel; Trudy Byuro Prikl. Bot. 7: 785 (1914), nom. nud.
= Hordeum tetrastichum Stokes; Bot. Mat. Med. 1: 166 (1812)
= Hordeum tetrastichum var. nudum Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 89 (1821 publ. 1822)
= Hordeum transcaucasicum R.E.Regel; Trudy Byuro Prikl. Bot. 7: 794 (1914), nom. nud.
= Hordeum violaceum R.E.Regel; Trudy Byuro Prikl. Bot. 8: 520 (1915), nom. nud.
= Hordeum vulgare convar. hexastichon (L.) Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 339 (1866)
= Hordeum vulgare convar. revelatum (Körn.) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 10: 55 (1973)
= Hordeum vulgare f. hexastichon (L.) M.Hiroe; Pl. Basho´s & Buson´s Hokku Lit. 8(2): 130 (1973)
= Hordeum vulgare subsp. antasiaticum Bachteev; Syst. Vozdel Yachmen: 6 (1964), nom. inval.
= Hordeum vulgare subsp. coeleste (L.) Schübl. & G.Martens; 41 (1834)
= Hordeum vulgare subsp. hexastichon (L.) Celak.; Prodr. Fl. Böhmen 1: 571 (1867)
= Hordeum vulgare subsp. medioasiaticum Bachteev; Syst. Vozdel Yachmen: 18 (1964)
= Hordeum vulgare subsp. polystichon (Haller) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 728 (1902)
= Hordeum vulgare subsp. tetrastichum (Stokes) Celak.; Acta Bot. Hung. 1: 230 (1954)
= Hordeum vulgare var. abdulbasirovii Omarov; Trudy Prikl. Bot. 95: 57 (1985)
= Hordeum vulgare var. addis-abebae Vavilov & Orlov ex Lukyanova, Trofim., G.N.Gudkova, Terentyeva & Yarosh; Wulff, Kul´t. Fl. SSSR 2: 44 (1990)
= Hordeum vulgare var. aestivum Metzg. ex Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 340 (1866)
= Hordeum vulgare var. africanum Vavilov ex Lukyanova, Trofim., G.N.Gudkova, Terentyeva & Yarosh; Wulff, Kul´t. Fl. SSSR 2: 63 (1990)
= Hordeum vulgare var. albidum Körn.; 4 (1873), nom. inval.
= Hordeum vulgare var. ancoberense Vavilov & Orlov ex Lukyanova, Trofim., G.N.Gudkova, Terentyeva & Yarosh; Wulff, Kul´t. Fl. SSSR 2: 45 (1990)
= Hordeum vulgare var. asiaticoides Mansf.; H. Stubbe, 42 (1949)
= Hordeum vulgare var. atratum Vavilov & Orlov ex Lukyanova, Trofim., G.N.Gudkova, Terentyeva & Yarosh; Wulff, Kul´t. Fl. SSSR 2: 28 (1990)
= Hordeum vulgare var. atroviolaceum Mansf.; H. Stubbe, 42 (1949)
= Hordeum vulgare var. bachteevii Omarov; Trudy Prikl. Bot. 95: 57 (1985)
= Hordeum vulgare var. brachyura Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 340 (1866)
= Hordeum vulgare var. breviaristatum Vavilov & Orlov ex Lukyanova, Trofim., G.N.Gudkova, Terentyeva & Yarosh; Wulff, Kul´t. Fl. SSSR 2: 29 (1990)
= Hordeum vulgare var. brevispicatum Vavilov & Orlov ex Lukyanova, Trofim., G.N.Gudkova, Terentyeva & Yarosh; Wulff, Kul´t. Fl. SSSR 2: 29 (1990)
= Hordeum vulgare var. brunneinudum Vavilov & Orlov ex Lukyanova, Trofim., G.N.Gudkova, Terentyeva & Yarosh; Wulff, Kul´t. Fl. SSSR 2: 82 (1990)
= Hordeum vulgare var. chalunicum Vavilov & Orlov ex Lukyanova, Trofim., G.N.Gudkova, Terentyeva & Yarosh; Wulff, Kul´t. Fl. SSSR 2: 46 (1990)
= Hordeum vulgare var. chinense Vavilov & Orlov ex Lukyanova, Trofim., G.N.Gudkova, Terentyeva & Yarosh; Wulff, Kul´t. Fl. SSSR 2: 29 (1990)
= Hordeum vulgare var. chungense Åberg; Symb. Bot. Upsal. 4(4): 42 (1940)
= Hordeum vulgare var. coeleste L.; Sp. Pl. 85 (1753)
= Hordeum vulgare var. coerulescens Ser.; Ann. Sci. Phys. Nat. Lyon 4: 347 (1841)
= Hordeum vulgare var. colonicum Orlov ex Lukyanova, Trofim., G.N.Gudkova, Terentyeva & Yaros; Wulff, Kul´t. Fl. SSSR 2: 82 (1990)
= Hordeum vulgare var. daghestanicum Vavilov & Orlov ex Lukyanova, Trofim., G.N.Gudkova, Terentyeva & Yarosh; Wulff, Kul´t. Fl. SSSR 2: 83 (1990)
= Hordeum vulgare var. euryhypatherum Orlov ex Lukyanova, Trofim., G.N.Gudkova, Terentyeva & Yaros; Wulff, Kul´t. Fl. SSSR 2: 31 (1990)
= Hordeum vulgare var. glabribrevisetum Regel ex Lukyanova, Trofim., G.N.Gudkova, Terentyeva & Yaros; Wulff, Kul´t. Fl. SSSR 2: 48 (1990)
= Hordeum vulgare var. glabrideficiens Vavilov ex Lukyanova, Trofim., G.N.Gudkova, Terentyeva & Yarosh; Wulff, Kul´t. Fl. SSSR 2: 68 (1990)
= Hordeum vulgare var. glabrierectum Vavilov ex Lukyanova, Trofim., G.N.Gudkova, Terentyeva & Yarosh; Wulff, Kul´t. Fl. SSSR 2: 68 (1990)
= Hordeum vulgare var. glabrigracilius Orlov ex Lukyanova, Trofim., G.N.Gudkova, Terentyeva & Yaros; Wulff, Kul´t. Fl. SSSR 2: 31 (1990)
= Hordeum vulgare var. glabrispicatum Vavilov & Orlov ex Lukyanova, Trofim., G.N.Gudkova, Terentyeva & Yarosh; Wulff, Kul´t. Fl. SSSR 2: 68 (1990)
= Hordeum vulgare var. glabriviride Trofim.; Byull. Vsesoyuzn. Inst. Rasteniev 18: 19 (1971)
= Hordeum vulgare var. gobicum Vavilov & Orlov ex Lukyanova, Trofim., G.N.Gudkova, Terentyeva & Yarosh; Wulff, Kul´t. Fl. SSSR 2: 48 (1990)
= Hordeum vulgare var. griseinigrum Vavilov & Orlov ex Lukyanova, Trofim., G.N.Gudkova, Terentyeva & Yarosh; Wulff, Kul´t. Fl. SSSR 2: 49 (1990)
= Hordeum vulgare var. griseinudum Vavilov & Orlov ex Lukyanova, Trofim., G.N.Gudkova, Terentyeva & Yarosh; Wulff, Kul´t. Fl. SSSR 2: 85 (1990)
= Hordeum vulgare var. hadaka Vavilov & Orlov ex Lukyanova, Trofim., G.N.Gudkova, Terentyeva & Yarosh; Wulff, Kul´t. Fl. SSSR 2: 49 (1990)
= Hordeum vulgare var. hangaicum Vavilov & Orlov ex Lukyanova, Trofim., G.N.Gudkova, Terentyeva & Yarosh; Wulff, Kul´t. Fl. SSSR 2: 49 (1990)
= Hordeum vulgare var. harlanii Vavilov & Orlov ex Lukyanova, Trofim., G.N.Gudkova, Terentyeva & Yarosh; Wulff, Kul´t. Fl. SSSR 2: 32 (1990)
= Hordeum vulgare var. hexastichon (L.) Asch.; Fl. Brandenburg 1: 873 (1864)
= Hordeum vulgare var. hexastichon (L.) Fiek; 531 (1881), isonym
= Hordeum vulgare var. hybernum Viborg; Bot.-ökon. Abh. Gerste: 18 (1802)
= Hordeum vulgare var. hypatherum Vavilov & Orlov ex Lukyanova, Trofim., G.N.Gudkova, Terentyeva & Yarosh; Wulff, Kul´t. Fl. SSSR 2: 34 (1990)
= Hordeum vulgare var. ibericum Vavilov & Orlov ex Lukyanova, Trofim., G.N.Gudkova, Terentyeva & Yarosh; Wulff, Kul´t. Fl. SSSR 2: 34 (1990)
= Hordeum vulgare var. insularum Vavilov & Orlov ex Lukyanova, Trofim., G.N.Gudkova, Terentyeva & Yarosh; Wulff, Kul´t. Fl. SSSR 2: 86 (1990)
= Hordeum vulgare var. interpallidum Trofim.; Wulff, Kul´t. Fl. SSSR 2: 34 (1990)
= Hordeum vulgare var. ismailii Omarov; Byull. Vsesoyuzn. Inst. Rasteniev 81: 40 (1978)
= Hordeum vulgare var. japonicum Vavilov & Orlov ex Lukyanova, Trofim., G.N.Gudkova, Terentyeva & Yarosh; Wulff, Kul´t. Fl. SSSR 2: 35 (1990)
= Hordeum vulgare var. kobdicum Vavilov & Orlov ex Lukyanova, Trofim., G.N.Gudkova, Terentyeva & Yarosh; Wulff, Kul´t. Fl. SSSR 2: 50 (1990)
= Hordeum vulgare var. latibrevisetum Vavilov & Orlov ex Lukyanova, Trofim., G.N.Gudkova, Terentyeva & Yarosh; Wulff, Kul´t. Fl. SSSR 2: 50 (1990)
= Hordeum vulgare var. latinudipyramidatum Vavilov & Orlov ex Lukyanova, Trofim., G.N.Gudkova, Terentyeva & Yarosh; Wulff, Kul´t. Fl. SSSR 2: 50 (1990)
= Hordeum vulgare var. latirevelatum Vavilov & Orlov ex Lukyanova, Trofim., G.N.Gudkova, Terentyeva & Yarosh; Wulff, Kul´t. Fl. SSSR 2: 52 (1990)
= Hordeum vulgare var. leioheterolepis Vavilov ex Lukyanova, Trofim., G.N.Gudkova, Terentyeva & Yarosh; Wulff, Kul´t. Fl. SSSR 2: 70 (1990)
= Hordeum vulgare var. lukyanovae Omarov; Trudy Prikl. Bot. Genet. Selek. 95: 57 (1985)
= Hordeum vulgare var. lvovii Omarov; Trudy Prikl. Bot. 95: 57 (1985)
= Hordeum vulgare var. macrosteron Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 340 (1866)
= Hordeum vulgare var. mandshuricum Regel; Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint Pétersbourg, Sér. 7, 4(4): 167 (1861)
= Hordeum vulgare var. micrurum Vavilov & Orlov ex Lukyanova, Trofim., G.N.Gudkova, Terentyeva & Yarosh; Wulff, Kul´t. Fl. SSSR 2: 52 (1990)
= Hordeum vulgare var. mongolicum Vavilov & Orlov ex Lukyanova, Trofim., G.N.Gudkova, Terentyeva & Yarosh; Wulff, Kul´t. Fl. SSSR 2: 52 (1990)
= Hordeum vulgare var. multispiculum Trofim.; Byull. Vsesoyuzn. Ordena Lenina Inst. Rasteniev. N. I. Vavilova 18: 19 (1971)
= Hordeum vulgare var. multispiculum Trojimovskaya; Byull. Vses. Ord. Lenina Inst. Rast. N. L Vavilova. 18: 19 (1971)
= Hordeum vulgare var. nanum Vavilov & Orlov ex Lukyanova, Trofim., G.N.Gudkova, Terentyeva & Yarosh; Wulff, Kul´t. Fl. SSSR 2: 53 (1990)
= Hordeum vulgare var. nigrinudum Vavilov ex Lukyanova, Trofim., G.N.Gudkova, Terentyeva & Yarosh; Wulff, Kul´t. Fl. SSSR 2: 86 (1990)
= Hordeum vulgare var. nigrum (Willd.) Rchb.; Fl. Germ. Excurs.: 18 (1830)
= Hordeum vulgare var. nipponicum Vavilov & Orlov ex Lukyanova, Trofim., G.N.Gudkova, Terentyeva & Yarosh; Wulff, Kul´t. Fl. SSSR 2: 36 (1990)
= Hordeum vulgare var. nudijaponicum Vavilov & Orlov ex Lukyanova, Trofim., G.N.Gudkova, Terentyeva & Yarosh; Wulff, Kul´t. Fl. SSSR 2: 53 (1990)
= Hordeum vulgare var. nudinipponicum Vavilov & Orlov ex Lukyanova, Trofim., G.N.Gudkova, Terentyeva & Yarosh; Wulff, Kul´t. Fl. SSSR 2: 54 (1990)
= Hordeum vulgare var. palestinicum Vavilov & Orlov ex Lukyanova, Trofim., G.N.Gudkova, Terentyeva & Yarosh; Wulff, Kul´t. Fl. SSSR 2: 74 (1990)
= Hordeum vulgare var. pallidum Ser.; Ann. Sci. Phys. Nat. Lyon 5: 26 (1842)
= Hordeum vulgare var. patimatae Omarov; Byull. Vsesoyuzn. Inst. Rasteniev 81: 40 (1978)
= Hordeum vulgare var. polystachyon Merrem; 45 (1809)
= Hordeum vulgare var. rarum Vavilov & Orlov ex Lukyanova, Trofim., G.N.Gudkova, Terentyeva & Yarosh; Wulff, Kul´t. Fl. SSSR 2: 75 (1990)
= Hordeum vulgare var. revelatum Körn.; Z. Gesammte Brauwesen 5: 125 (1882)
= Hordeum vulgare var. saidii Omarov; Byull. Vses. Ord. Lenina Inst. Rast. N. I. Vavilov 81: 40 (1978)
= Hordeum vulgare var. sessilifurcatum Vavilov & Orlov ex Lukyanova, Trofim., G.N.Gudkova, Terentyeva & Yarosh; Wulff, Kul´t. Fl. SSSR 2: 55 (1990)
= Hordeum vulgare var. sikangense Åberg; Symb. Bot. Upsal. 4(4): 41 (1940)
= Hordeum vulgare var. sinicum Vavilov & Orlov ex Lukyanova, Trofim., G.N.Gudkova, Terentyeva & Yarosh; Wulff, Kul´t. Fl. SSSR 2: 39 (1990)
= Hordeum vulgare var. sinojaponicum Vavilov & Orlov ex Lukyanova, Trofim., G.N.Gudkova, Terentyeva & Yarosh; Wulff, Kul´t. Fl. SSSR 2: 56 (1990)
= Hordeum vulgare var. solitarum Vavilov & Orlov ex Lukyanova, Trofim., G.N.Gudkova, Terentyeva & Yarosh; Wulff, Kul´t. Fl. SSSR 2: 88 (1990)
= Hordeum vulgare var. suberectum Orlov ex Lukyanova, Trofim., G.N.Gudkova, Terentyeva & Yaros; Wulff, Kul´t. Fl. SSSR 2: 76 (1990)
= Hordeum vulgare var. subneogenes Orlov ex Lukyanova, Trofim., G.N.Gudkova, Terentyeva & Yaros; Wulff, Kul´t. Fl. SSSR 2: 89 (1990)
= Hordeum vulgare var. subnudipiramidatum Orlov ex Lukyanova, Trofim., G.N.Gudkova, Terentyeva & Yaros; Wulff, Kul´t. Fl. SSSR 2: 57 (1990)
= Hordeum vulgare var. subnudum Orlov ex Lukyanova, Trofim., G.N.Gudkova, Terentyeva & Yaros; Wulff, Kul´t. Fl. SSSR 2: 89 (1990)
= Hordeum vulgare var. subnutans Orlov ex Lukyanova, Trofim., G.N.Gudkova, Terentyeva & Yaros; Wulff, Kul´t. Fl. SSSR 2: 77 (1990)
= Hordeum vulgare var. subpyramidatum Orlov ex Lukyanova, Trofim., G.N.Gudkova, Terentyeva & Yaros; Wulff, Kul´t. Fl. SSSR 2: 40 (1990)
= Hordeum vulgare var. subzeocrithon Orlov ex Lukyanova, Trofim., G.N.Gudkova, Terentyeva & Yaros; Wulff, Kul´t. Fl. SSSR 2: 77 (1990)
= Hordeum vulgare var. syriacum Vavilov & Orlov ex Lukyanova, Trofim., G.N.Gudkova, Terentyeva & Yarosh; Wulff, Kul´t. Fl. SSSR 2: 77 (1990)
= Hordeum vulgare var. tetranutans Trofim. & Lukyanova; Wulff, Kul´t. Fl. SSSR 2: 78 (1990)
= Hordeum vulgare var. tetrapallidum Trofim. & Lukyanova; Wulff, Kul´t. Fl. SSSR 2: 40 (1990)
= Hordeum vulgare var. tibetanum Vavilov & Orlov ex Lukyanova, Trofim., G.N.Gudkova, Terentyeva & Yarosh; Wulff, Kul´t. Fl. SSSR 2: 58 (1990)
= Hordeum vulgare var. tortile Ser.; Ann. Sci. Phys. Nat. Lyon 4: 349 (1841)
= Hordeum vulgare var. trofimovskajae Omarov; Byull. Vses. Ord. Lenina Inst. Rast. N. I. Vavilov 81: 39 (1978)
= Hordeum vulgare var. uljassutaicum Vavilov & Orlov ex Lukyanova, Trofim., G.N.Gudkova, Terentyeva & Yarosh; Wulff, Kul´t. Fl. SSSR 2: 58 (1990)
= Hordeum vulgare var. urgaicum Vavilov & Orlov ex Lukyanova, Trofim., G.N.Gudkova, Terentyeva & Yarosh; Wulff, Kul´t. Fl. SSSR 2: 59 (1990)
= Hordeum vulgare var. valentinae Omarov; Trudy Prikl. Bot. Genet. Selek. 95: 58 (1985)
= Hordeum vulgare var. violaceum Körn.; 4 (1873), nom. inval.
= Hordeum vulgare var. viride Vavilov & Orlov ex Lukyanova, Trofim., G.N.Gudkova, Terentyeva & Yarosh; Wulff, Kul´t. Fl. SSSR 2: 90 (1990)
= Hordeum vulgare var. walpersii Körn.; 5 (1873), nom. inval.
= Hordeum vulgare var. zeocrithideficiens Vavilov ex Lukyanova, Trofim., G.N.Gudkova, Terentyeva & Yarosh; Wulff, Kul´t. Fl. SSSR 2: 79 (1990)
= Hordeum vulgare var. zuleichatae Omarov; Byull. Vses. Ord. Lenina Inst. Rast. N. I. Vavilov 81: 40 (1978)
= Hordeum walpersii R.E.Regel; Trudy Byuro Prikl. Bot. 8: 520 (1915), nom. nud.
= Secale orientale Schreb. ex Roth; Nov. Pl. Sp.: 59 (1821), pro syn.
= Triticum hordeiforme Wall. ex Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 2: 716 (1841), nom. nud.
species :
Hordeum ×jungblutii Reichling; Arch. Trimestrielles Inst. Grand-Ducal Luxembourg, Sect. Sci. Nat., n.s., 23: 129 (1957)
Distribution: Europe
Remarks: Hordceum jubatum x H. secalinum
species :
Hordeum ×lagunculiforme (Bachteev) Nikif.; Afred. Rast. Sredn. Agri. 1: 188 (1968)
Distribution: Turkmenistan; China (Qinghai, Sichuan); Tibet; India (Jammu & Kashmir)
32 TKM 36 CHI TIB 40 IND
Remarks: Hordeum spontaneum K. Koch x Hordeum vulgare L.
Synonyms: hidden
= Hordeum spontaneum var. lagunculiforme Bachteev; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 47: 847 (1962)
= Hordeum lagunculiforme Bachteev; Kungl. Lantbraks Hogskolans Annler 23: 309. pl. 1 (1957)
species :
Hordeum ×pavisii Préaub.; Bull. Soc. Études Sci. Angers 38: 54 (1909)
Distribution: Europe
Remarks: Hordeum maritimum x H. secalinum
Synonyms: hidden
= Hordeum maritimum var. pavisii (Préaub.) P.Fourn.; Quatre Fl. France: 87 (1934)
= Hordeum ×secalinoides H.Lév.; Bull. Acad. Int. Géogr. Bot. 25: 47 (1917)
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A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 18.4 (Feb. 11th, 2024)

Covering 354,025 accepted species,
9,095 hybrids, 47,879 accepted infraspecific taxa and 995,101 synonyms,
in total 1,406,100* names

[*about 25,000 dubious, "unplaced" names and about 4,000 invalid names (Art. 24.3) like "typicus" are deliberately omitted]


With complete, detailed distribution data (countries and regions) and literature references

Arranged in linear phylogenetic sequence reflecting true relationships

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With 38,290 pictures of 15,532 species

Assembled through 40 years independently from other databases

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