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Ver. 18.4
Feb. 11th, 2024

513.0000 Family Asteraceae Dumort.; Comment. Bot. 55 (1822)
1620 genera, ca. 29.000 spp. (35.000 spp. incl. microspecies). Systematics taken mostly from Funk et al. (2009, 2020) and other recent publications
Species listed in database: 35205; hybrids: 668
= Acarnaceae Link; (1829)
= Ambrosiaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 254 (1820), nom. cons.
= Anthemidaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 254 (1820)
= Aposeridaceae Raf.; New Fl. N. Amer. 4: 106 (1838)
= Arctotaceae Bessey; Nebraska Univ. Stud. 14: 107 (1914)
= Arctotidaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 255 (1820)
= Artemisiaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 48 (1820)
= Athanasiaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 56 (1820)
= Calendulaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 254 (1820)
= Carduaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 255 (1820)
= Carlinaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 255 (1820)
= Centaureaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 255 (1820)
= Cichoriaceae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 168 (1789), nom. cons.
= Cnicaceae Vest; Anleit. Stud. Bot.: 273, 297 (1818)
= Compositae Giseke; Prael. Ord. Nat. Pl.: 538 (1792), nom. cons.
= Coreopsidaceae Link; Handbuch 1: 768 (1829)
= Cynaraceae Burnett; Outlines Bot.: 926, 931, 1094, 1111 (1835)
= Echinopaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 255 (1820)
= Eupatoriaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 253 (1820)
= Gnaphaliaceae Link ex F.Rudolphi; Syst. Orb. Veg.: 46 (1830)
= Grindeliaceae Rchb. ex A.Heller; Muhlenbergia 2: 330 (1907)
= Heleniaceae Raf.; Cincinnati Lit. Gaz. 2: 28 (1824)
= Helianthaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 254 (1820)
= Helichrysaceae Link; Handbuch 1: 712 (1829)
= Inulaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 254 (1820)
= Ivaceae Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 1: 31 (1837)
= Lactucaceae Drude; J. A. Schenk, Handb. Bot. 3(2): 369 (1886)
= Lapsanaceae Martinov; (1820)
= Madiaceae A.Heller; Muhlenbergia 2: 332 (1907)
= Matricariaceae Voigt; Hort. Suburb. Calcutt.: 400 (1845)
= Mutisiaceae Burnett; Outlines Bot.: 934, 935, 1094, 1111 (1835)
= Nassauviaceae Burmeist.; Handb. Naturgesch.: 290 (1836)
= Partheniaceae Link; Handbuch 1: 816 (1829)
= Perdiciaceae Link; Handbuch 1: 728 (1829)
= Picridaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 482 (1820)
= Santolinaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 560 (1820)
= Senecionaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 254 (1820)
= Serratulaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 577 (1820)
= Tanacetaceae Vest; Anleit. Stud. Bot.: 273, 298 (1818)
= Tussilagaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 254 (1820)
= Vernoniaceae Burmeist.; Handb. Naturgesch.: 296 (1836)
= Xanthiaceae Vest; Anleit. Stud. Bot.: 273, 298 (1818)
= Xeranthemaceae Döll; Rhein. Fl.: 498 (1843)
513.5172 Genus Hyoseris L.; Sp. Pl. 808 (1753)
Distribution: Mediterranean to Asia Minor
Species listed in database: 3
= Achyrastrum Neck.; Elem. 1: 57 (1790)
= Thlipsocarpus Kunze; Flora 29: 695 (1846)
= Trinciatella Adans.; Fam. 2: 112 (1763)
species :
Hyoseris lucida L.; Mantissa 103 (1767)
subspecies :
subsp. lucida
Distribution: Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Algeria; Libya; Egypt (NW-coastal Egypt); East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos)
13 GRC KRI 20 ALG EGY LBY 34 EAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Aposeris lucida (L.) Less.; Syn. Gen. Compos.: 128 (1832)
= Hyoseris radiata subsp. graeca Halácsy; Consp. Fl. Graec. 2: 179 (1902)
= Hyoseris radiata var. puberula Pamp.; Pl. Tripol.: 266 (1914)
subspecies :
subsp. frutescens (Brullo & Pav.e) Peruzzi & Vangelisti; Ann. Bot. (Rome) 54 (3-4): 769 (2010)
Distribution: Malta
13 MLT
Synonyms: hidden
= Hyoseris frutescens Brullo & Pavone; Candollea, 43(2): 717 (1988)
subspecies :
subsp. taurina (Martinoli) Peruzzi & Vangelisti; Ann. Bot. (Rome) 54 (3-4): 769 (2010)
Distribution: SW-Sardinia (Isola il Toro); Italy; Sicily; Pantelleria; Malta; ?Tunisia
12 SAR 13 ITA MLT PTL SIC
Synonyms: hidden
= Hyoseris taurina (Pamp.) Martinoli; Caryologia 5: 257 (1953)
= Robertia taraxacoides var. taurina Pamp.; Isol. Toro Vacca: 16 (1947)
species :
Hyoseris radiata L.; Sp. Pl. 808 (1753)
Name: Strahliger Schweinssalat (DE); Perennial Hyoseris (EN); Cerrajilla (ES)
Distribution: S- & NE-Spain; Gibraltar; Baleares (Ibiza & Formentera, Mallorca, Menorca); France; Monaco; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Pantelleria; Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); Malta; San Marino; Croatia; Greece; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; ?Libya; Canary Isl. (Gran Canaria)
12 BAL COR FRA GIB MCO SAR SPA 13 CRO GRC ITA MLT PEL PTL SIC SMA 20 ALG MOR TUN 21 CNY
Synonyms: hidden
= Hedypnois radiata (L.) Albert; Albert & Jaharediez, Cat. Pl. Vasc. Dep. Var, 315 (1908)
= Hedypnois radiata (L.) Gaertn.; Fruct. 2: 373. t. 160, f. 3 (1791)
= Hieracium hedypnoides L.; Sp. Pl.: 800 (1753)
= Hyoseris baetica (Kunze) Sch.Bip. ex Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 474 (1879)
= Hyoseris blechnoides Pomel; Nouv. Mat. Fl. Atl.: 271 (1875)
= Hyoseris calyculata Jan ex Guss.; Fl. Sic. Syn. 2: t. 417 (1844) non Poir. 1789
= Hyoseris radiata f. pusilla (Porta) Knoche; Fl. Baléar. 2: 508 (1922)
= Hyoseris radiata var. baetica (Kunze) Pau & Font Quer; Exsicc. (Iter Marocc.) 1928: no. 426 (1929)
= Hyoseris radiata var. blechnoides (Pomel) Batt.; Fl. Algérie, Dicot.: 532 (1889)
= Hyoseris radiata var. elongata A.Huet; Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 2: 209 (1865)
= Hyoseris radiata var. hispidula Pomel; Bull. Soc. Climatologie Algér. 1875: 270 (1875)
= Hyoseris radiata var. pusilla Porta; Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 19: 311 (1887)
= Hyoseris radiata var. vestita Pomel; Bull. Soc. Climatologie Algér. 1875: 271 (1875)
= Hyoseris radiatifolia Bubani; Fl. Pyrenees 2: 50 (1899)
= Hyoseris scabra Pourr.; Willk. & Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 2: 209 (1865), nom. illeg.
= Leontodon radiatus (L.) Lam.; Fl. Franc. 2: 114 (1779)
= Rhagadiolus radiatus (L.) All.; Fl. Pedem. 1: 227 (1785)
= Rhagadiolus stellatus DC.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 7(1): 80 (1838), pro syn.
= Thlipsocarpus baeticus Kunze; Flora 29: 695 (1846)
species :
Hyoseris scabra L.; Sp. Pl. 809 (1753)
Name: Rauher Schweinssalat (DE); Annual Hyoseris (EN)
Distribution: Germany [I]; E-Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; Baleares (Ibiza & Formentera, Mallorca, Menorca); France; Monaco; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Pantelleria; Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); Malta; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Albania; European Turkey; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt (NW-coastal Egypt); East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, Judean Desert)
11 ger 12 BAL COR FRA GIB MCO POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH CRO GRC ITA KRI MLT MNT PEL PTL SIC TUE 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 34 CYP EAI ISR LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Hedypnois scabra (L.) F.W.Schmidt; Samml. Phys. Aufs. 1: 279 (1795)
= Hyoseris adspersa Moench; Methodus 541 (1794), nom. illeg.
= Hyoseris aspera Desf.; Tabl. ed. I. 89 (1804)
= Hyoseris microcephala Cass.; Cuvier, Dict. Sci. Nat. ed. 2. 22: 338 (1821)
= Hyoseris parviflora Pers.; Syn. Pl. 2: 369 (1807)
= Hyoseris radiata Gaertn. ex Steud.; Nomencl. Bot. 1: 419 (1821), nom. inval.
= Rhagadiolus scaber (L.) All.; Fl. Pedem. 1: 226 (1785)
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A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 18.4 (Feb. 11th, 2024)

Covering 354,025 accepted species,
9,095 hybrids, 47,879 accepted infraspecific taxa and 995,101 synonyms,
in total 1,406,100* names

[*about 25,000 dubious, "unplaced" names and about 4,000 invalid names (Art. 24.3) like "typicus" are deliberately omitted]


With complete, detailed distribution data (countries and regions) and literature references

Arranged in linear phylogenetic sequence reflecting true relationships

Fully searchable and continously updated

With 38,290 pictures of 15,532 species

Assembled through 40 years independently from other databases

In cooperation with Catalogue of Life