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Ver. 19.4
June 30th, 2024

177.0000 Family Papaveraceae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 235 (1789), nom. cons.
43 genera, ca. 1000 spp. Revised classification: Peng et al. (2024)
Species listed in database: 1014; hybrids: 19
= Chelidoniaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 124 (1820)
= Eschscholziaceae Ser.; Fl. Jard. 2: 106 (1847)
= Fumariaceae Marquis; Esq. Règne Vég.: 50 (1820), nom. cons.
= Hypecoaceae Willk. & Lange; Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 3: 875 (1880)
= Platystemonaceae Lilja; Skånes Fl., ed. 2: 862, 979 (1870)
177.2001 Genus Hypecoum L.; Sp. Pl. 124 (1753)
Distribution: SE-Europe, Caucasus, E-Mediterranean, C-Asia eastward to Siberia, N-China, Mongolia, W-Tibet and S-Himalayas
Species listed in database: 18
= Chiazospermum Bernh.; Linnaea 8: 465 (1833)
= Mnemosilla Forssk.; Fl. Aegypt. Arab. 122 (1775)
species :
Hypecoum aegyptiacum (Forssk.) Asch. & Schweinf.; Mem. Inst. Eg. 2: 37 (1887)
Distribution: Egypt (Nile Delta, NW-coastal Egypt); Israel (coastal W-Israel, N-Negev Desert); Sinai peninsula (N-Sinai)
20 EGY 34 ISR SIN
Synonyms: hidden
= Hypecoum patens Willd.; Enum. Hort. Berol. t. 5 (1809)
= Hypecoum refractum Mart. ex Fedde; Engl. Pflanzenreich, Papaverac.-Hypec.-Papav. 93 (1909)
= Mnemosilla aegyptiaca Forssk.; Fl. Aeg.-Arab. 122 (1775)
= Mnemosilla forskalii Ehrenb. ex Fedde; Engl. Pflanzenreich, Papaverac.-Hypec. & Papav. 93 (1909)
species :
Hypecoum aequilobum Viv.; Fl. Lib. Spec. 7, t. 3, f. 3 (1824)
Distribution: Libya; Egypt (NE-Egypt, NW-coastal Egypt); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, N-Sinai)
20 EGY LBY 34 SIN
species :
Hypecoum angustilobum Å.E.Dahl; Pl. Syst. Evol. 163(3-4): 260 (1989)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Iraq
33 NCS 34 IRQ
species :
Hypecoum dimidiatum Delile; Laborde & Linant, Voy. Arab. Petr. 84, t. 64 (1830)
Distribution: Sinai peninsula (S-Sinai)
34 SIN
species :
Hypecoum duriaei Pomel; Bull. Soc. Sci. Phys. Algérie 11: 246 (1874)
Distribution: Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia
20 ALG MOR TUN
Synonyms: hidden
= Hypecoum procumbens subsp. duriaei (Pomel) Batt.; Batt. &Trabut, Fl. Algerie 1: 23 (1888)
= Hypecoum procumbens var. albescens Coss.; Comp. Fl. Atl. 2: 73 (1887)
= Hypecoum procumbens [subsp.duriaei] var.micranthum Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afr. Nord 25: 133 (1937)
species :
Hypecoum erectum L.; Sp. Pl. 124 (1753)
Distribution: Siberia (Altai, Buryatia, Chita, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva, W-Siberia); China (Gansu, Heilongjiang, Hubei, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Xinjiang); Mongolia
30 SIB 36 CHI 37 MON
Synonyms: hidden
= Chiazospermum erectum (L.) Bernh.; Linnaea 12: 662 (1838)
= Hypecoum millefolium H.Lév. & Vaniot; Bull. Acad. Int. Géogr. Bot. 17, n. 210-211, p. 3 (1907)
species :
Hypecoum imberbe Sm.; Fl. Graec. Prodr. 1: 107 (1806)
Name: Sicklefruit hypecoum (EN), Bartlose Lappenblume (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Portugal; Spain; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; North Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece (widespread NC-, NE-, C-Greece, E-Peloponnisos, Thasos, Limnos, Sporades, Kiklades: Siros, Sifnos, Milos, Amorgos); Armenia; East Aegaean Isl. (Lesvos, Chios); Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Cyprus (E-Cyprus, C-Mountains, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, Jbel Druze); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, N-Negev Desert, Judean Desert); Sinai peninsula (N-Sinai); USA [I] (Pennsylvania [I])
11 ger 12 BAL COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BUL GRC ITA NMA SIC TUE 33 ARM 34 CYP EAI ISR LEB SIN SYR TUR 75 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Hypecoum glaucescens Guss.; Pl. Rar. 79. t. 15 (1826)
= Hypecoum grandiflorum Benth.; Cat. Pl. Pyrénées: 91 (1826)
= Hypecoum grandiflorum var. caesium Hausskn.; Mittl. Thür. Bot. Ver. 3-4: 101 (1893)
= Hypecoum pendulum Lapeyr.; Hist. Pl. Pyrénées: 76 (1813), non L.
= Hypecoum pendulum subsp. grandiflorum (Benth.) Thell.; 245 (1912)
= Hypecoum procumbens subsp. grandiflorum (Benth.) Bonnier & Layens; 13 (1894), isonym
= Hypecoum procumbens subsp. grandiflorum (Benth.) Pau; Not. Bot. Fl. Espan. 5: 8. (1892)
= Hypecoum procumbens subsp. imberbe (Sm.) Malag.; Acta Phytotax. Barcin. 18: 10 (1976) (1977)
= Hypecoum procumbens var. grandiflorum (Benth.) Coss.; Comp. Fl. Atl. 2: 73 (1887)
= Hypecoum procumbens var. macranthum Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. Fr. 1: 160 (1893)
species :
Hypecoum lactiflorum (Kar. & Kir.) Pazij; Opred. Rast. Sred. Azii 4: 8 (1974)
Distribution: Siberia (Altai, Tuva); Kazakhstan; Mongolia
30 SIB 32 KAZ 37 MON
Synonyms: hidden
= Chiazospermum lactiflorum Kar. & Kir.; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 15: 142 (1842)
= Hypecoum erectum var. lactiflorum (Kar. & Kir.) Maxim.; Enum. Pl. Mong. 36 (1889)
species :
Hypecoum leptocarpum Hook.f. & Thomson; Fl. Ind. 276 (1855)
Distribution: Tajikistan; Afghanistan (Badakshan, Wakhan); China (Gansu, NW-Hebei, Nei Mongol, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shanxi, W-Sichuan, Xinjiang, NW-Yunnan); Tibet; Mongolia; Pakistan (Chitral, Nubra); Nepal; Bhutan; India (Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Sikkim, Uttarakhand, Chumbi)
32 TZK 34 AFG 36 CHI TIB 37 MON 40 BHU IND NEP PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Hypecoum alpinum Z.X.An; Fl. Xinjiangensis 2(2): 373 (1995)
= Hypecoum chinense Franch.; Pl. David. i. 27. (1884) (questionable synonym)
= Hypecoum leptocarpum var. chinense (Franch.) Kanitz; Pl. Exp. Szech. As. Centr. 795 (1891) (questionable synonym)
species :
Hypecoum littorale Wulfen; Jacq. Collectanea 2: 205 (1789)
Distribution: S-Portugal; SW-Spain; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt (NE-Egypt, NW-coastal Egypt); Iraq (S-Iraq); Israel (N-Negev Desert); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, N-Sinai); Saudi Arabia (Asir, Nejd Desert)
12 POR SPA 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 34 IRQ ISR SIN 35 SAU
Synonyms: hidden
= Hypecoum deuteroparviflorum Fedde; Bull. Herb. Boissier ser. 2, 5: 166 (1905)
= Hypecoum geslinii Coss. & Durieu; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 4: 522 (1857)
= Hypecoum parviflorum Barbey; C. Barbey & W. Barbey, Herber. Levant: 115 (1882) (non Kar. & Kir. 1842)
species :
Hypecoum parviflorum Kar. & Kir.; Bull. S. Nat. Mosc. 15: 141 (1842)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkey; Iran; Afghanistan (Bamyan, Ghazni, Kabul, Logar); China (N- & S-Xinjiang); Pakistan (Baluchistan, Waziristan, Kurram); NW-India (Jammu & Kashmir)
32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 34 AFG IRN TUR 36 CHI 40 IND PAK
Remarks: often included in H. pendulum s. lat.
Synonyms: hidden
= Hypecoum pendulum var. parviflorum (Kar. & Kir.) Cullen; Fl. Iranica (Rechinger) 34: 25 (1966)
= Hypecoum ferrugineomaculatum Z.X.An; Fl. Xinjiangensis 2(2): 373 (1995)
species :
Hypecoum pendulum L.; Sp. Pl. 124 (1753)
Name: Hängende Lappenblume (DE); Nodding Hypecoum (EN)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Spain; Baleares; France; Italy [I]; Croatia; North Macedonia; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece (NC-Greece, rare NC-Greece, Thessalia, Attiki, Thasos, Samothraki); E-European Russia; Ukraine; Crimea; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt (Eastern Desert); Turkmenistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia: Bithynia, SE-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, S-Iraq, W-Iraq: Desert); Iran (EC-Iran, E-Iran, N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, S-Iran, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Baghlan, Balkh, Bamyan, Helmand, Kabul, Kandahar, Laghman, Wardak, Parwan); Cyprus (C-Mountains, NE-Cyprus); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, Jazira, NW-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Sinai peninsula (N-Sinai, S-Sinai); Saudi Arabia (C-Saudi Arabia, NE-Saudi Arabia, N-Saudi Arabia, Hejaz, Nejd Desert); Kuwait; Bahrain; Pakistan (Baluchistan, Quetta, Peshawar, Kurram, Chitral, Drosh); India (Jammu & Kashmir, Rajasthan); Australia [I] (South Australia [I], Victoria [I]); USA [I] (Maryland [I])
11 ger 12 BAL FRA SPA 13 BUL CRO GRC ita NMA TUE 14 KRY RUS UKR 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 32 KGZ TKM TZK 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG CYP IRN IRQ ISR SIN SYR TUR 35 BAR KUW SAU 40 IND PAK 50 aus 78 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Chiazospermum pendulum (L.) Bernh. ex Edgew.; J. Linn. Soc. 6: 183 (1862)
= Hypecoum caucasicum Koch ex Ledeb.; Fl. Ross. (Ledeb.) 1(1): 94 (1841)
= Hypecoum procumbens S.G.Gmel.; Reise Russland 2: 197 (1774)
= Hypecoum tetragonum Bertol.; Misc. Bot. 1: 12 (1821)
species :
Hypecoum procumbens L.; Sp. Pl. 124 (1753)
Name: Niederliegende Lappenblume (DE); Creeping Hypecoum (EN)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Portugal; Spain; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); Malta; North Macedonia; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece (coasts and islands of Aegaean, rare Kerkyra, Ionian Isl., Kithira); Crete; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt (NW-coastal Egypt); East Aegaean Isl. (widespread, incl. Rhodos); Turkey (Inner Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, S-Iraq); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, NW-Syria, Jbel Druze, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (Rift Valley, N-Israel, Judean Desert); Sinai peninsula (N-Sinai); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Saudi Arabia; Kuwait
11 ger 12 BAL COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 BUL GRC ITA KRI MLT NMA PEL SIC TUE 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 34 CYP EAI IRQ ISR JOR SIN SYR TUR 35 KUW SAU
Synonyms: hidden
= Hypecoum arcuatum Moench; Methodus (Moench) 217 (1794)
= Hypecoum armatum Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 786 (1840)
= Hypecoum gracile Benth.; Cat. Pl. Pyr. 91 (1826)
= Hypecoum nodosum Lam.; Fl. Franç. (Lam.) 2: 670 (1779)
= Hypecoum pendulum subsp. ponticum (Velen.) Stoj.; Fl. Bulg. ed. 4: 433 (1966) (comb. inval.)
= Hypecoum ponticum Velen.; Sitzungsber. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss. Prag, Math.-Naturwiss. Cl. 1893(37): 6. (1893)
= Hypecoum procumbens subsp. atropunctatum Å.E.Dahl; Pl. Syst. Evol. 163: 255 (1989)
= Hypecoum procumbens subsp. fragrantissimum Å.E.Dahl; Pl. Syst. Evol. 163: 254 (1989)
= Hypecoum procumbens var. glaucescens (Guss.) Moris; Fl. Sard. 1: 85 (1837)
species :
Hypecoum pseudograndiflorum Petrovic; Dodat. Fl. Okol. Nia: 24 (1885)
Distribution: Serbia; North Macedonia; Bulgaria; European Turkey; NE-Greece (incl. Chalkidiki); Turkey
13 BUL GRC NMA SRB TUE 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Hypecoum grandiflorum var. pseudograndiflorum (Petr.) Bornm. & Fedde; Engl., Pflanzenreich 4: 92 (1909)
= Hypecoum grandiflorum subsp. pseudograndiflorum (Petr.) O.Schwarz; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 36: 85 (1934)
= Hypecoum imberbe subsp. pseudograndiflorum (Petrovic) E.Mayer & Nikolic; Willdenowia 13: 286 (1983)
species :
Hypecoum torulosum Å.E.Dahl; Pl. Syst. Evol. 163: 268 (1989)
Name: Gedrehte Lappenblume (DE); Twisted Hypecoum (EN)
Distribution: France; Corsica; Italy; Sicily; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece (rare coasts of Aegaean); E-Crete; Algeria; East Aegaean Isl. (Chios, Samos, Kos, Karpathos, Rhodos); Turkey; Cyprus
12 COR FRA 13 BUL GRC ITA KRI SIC TUE 20 ALG 34 CYP EAI TUR
species :
Hypecoum trilobum Trautv.; Act. Hort. Petrop. 9: 366 (1884)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Tajikistan; Iran; Afghanistan (Badghys, Baghlan, Kabul, Kandahar); Pakistan (N. W. Frontier Prov., Peshawar, Dir, Pakistani Punjab)
32 KAZ TKM TZK UZB 34 AFG IRN 40 PAK
Remarks: often included in H. pendulum s. lat.
Synonyms: hidden
= Hypecoum pendulum var. trilobum (Trautv.) Cullen; Rech.f., Fl. Iranica 34: 25 (1966)
species :
Hypecoum trullatum Å.E.Dahl; Pl. Syst. Evol. 163: 257 (1989)
Distribution: Turkey (SE-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Hypecoum zhukanum Lidén; Nordic J. Bot. 25: 33 (2007 publ. 2008)
Distribution: Tibet (Markam)
36 TIB
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A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 19.4 (June 30th, 2024)

Covering 355,230 accepted species,
8,675 hybrids, 47,796 accepted infraspecific taxa and 997,888 synonyms,
in total 1,409,589* names

[*about 25,000 dubious, "unplaced" names and about 4,000 invalid names (Art. 24.3) like "typicus" are deliberately omitted]


With complete, detailed distribution data (countries and regions) and literature references

Arranged in linear phylogenetic sequence reflecting true relationships

Fully searchable and continously updated

With 38,209 pictures of 15,787 species

Assembled through 40 years independently from other databases

In cooperation with Catalogue of Life