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Ver. 18.4
Feb. 11th, 2024

134.0000 Family Iridaceae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 57 (1789), nom. cons.
70 genera, ca. 2500 spp.
Species listed in database: 2553; hybrids: 45
= Crocaceae Vest; Anleit. Stud. Bot.: 266, 283 (1818)
= Galaxiaceae Raf.; New Fl. N. Amer. 1: 72 (1836)
= Geosiridaceae Jonker; Receuil Trav. Bot. Néerl. 36: 477. seors. impr (1939), nom. cons.
= Gladiolaceae Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 4: 34 (1838)
= Isophysidaceae F.A.Barkley; Revista Fac. Nac. Agron. Medellin Univ. Antioquia 8: 152 (1948)
= Ixiaceae Horan.; Prim. Lin. Syst. Nat.: 51 (1834)
134.7112 Genus Iris Tourn. ex L.; Sp. Pl. 1: 38 (1753) s. l.
Distribution: temperate Northern Hemisphere. There is considerable disagreement over splitting or lumping Iris s. l. Splitting would create a lot (> 20) of morphologically almost inseparable smaller genera, lumping would require only to integrate Belamcanda and Hermodactylus. Therefore lumping is preferred here.
Species listed in database: 313; hybrids: 23
= Alatavia Rodion.; Signa 58: 3026 (1997), without type
= Belamcanda Adans.; Fam. Pl. 2: 60 (1763), nom. cons.
= Belemcanda (Pers.) Nois.; Man. Compl. Jard. 3: 238 (1826), orth. var.
= Beverna Adans.; Fam. Pl. 2: 20 (1763)
= Biris Medik.; Staatswirthschaftl. Vorles. Churpfälz. Phys.-Ökon. Ges. Heidelberg 1: 257 (1781)
= Chamaeiris Medik.; Act. Acad. Theod. Palat. 6: Phys. (1790) 417
= Chamoletta Adans.; Fam. Pl. 2: 60 (1763)
= Coresantha Alef.; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 21: 298 (1863)
= Costia Willk.; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 18: 131 (1860)
= Cryptobasis Nevski; Acta Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS, Ser. I. Fasc. 4, 331 (1937)
= Dielsiris M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232(1): 64 (2015)
= Eremiris (Spach) Rodion.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 91(11): 1707 (2006)
= Evansia Salisb.; Trans. Hort. Soc. 1: 303 (1812)
= Gattenhofia Medik.; Hist. & Commentat. Acad. Elect. Sci. Theod.-Palat. 6: 418 (1790)
= Gemmingia Heist. ex Fabr.; Enum., ed. 2: 27 (1763)
= Hermodactylus Mill.; Gard. Dict. Abr. ed. 4.: s.p. (1754)
= Ioniris Baker; Gard. Chron. N. S. 6: 143 (1876)
= Iriastrum Heist. ex Fabr.; Enum., ed. 2: 34 (1763)
= Iridodictyum Rodion.; Rod Iris-Iris L. (Vopr. Morfol. Biol. Evol. i Sist.) 201 (1961)
= Joniris (Spach) Klatt; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 30: 502 (1872)
= Juno Tratt.; Ausw. Gartenpfl. 1: 135 (1821)
= Junopsis Wern.Schulze; Oesterr. Bot. Z. cxvii. 327 (1970)
= Limnirion Opiz; Seznam: 59 (1852)
= Limniris (Tausch) Rchb.; Deut. Bot. Herb.-Buch: 43 (1841), nom. cons.
= Lophiris (Tausch) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232: 66 (2015)
= Neubeckia Alef.; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 21: 290 (1863)
= Oncocyclus Siemssen; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 4: 706 (1846)
= Ophioiris (Y.T.Zhao) Rodion.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 89(8): 1359 (2004)
= Pardanthopsis (Hance) L.W.Lenz; Aliso 7: 403 (1972)
= Pardanthus Ker Gawl.; Ann. Bot. (König & Sims) 1: 246 (1804)
= Phaeiris (Spach) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232: 58 (2015)
= Pseudo-iris Medik.; Hist. & Commentat. Acad. Elect. Sci. Theod.-Palat. 6: 417 (1790)
= Rodionenkoa M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232: 65 (2015)
= Sclerosiphon Nevski; Acta Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS, Ser. I. Fasc. 4, 331 (1937)
= Siphonostylis Wern.Schulze; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 112: 331 (1965)
= Spathula Fourr.; Ann. Soc. L. Lyon, N. S. 17: 163 (1869)
= Syrianthus M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232: 62 (2015)
= Tectiris M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232: 55 (2015)
= Thelysia Salisb.; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 1: 303 (1812)
= xPardancanda L.W.Lenz; Aliso 7: 407 (1972)
= Xeris Medik.; Vorles. Churpfälz. Phys.-Ökon. Ges. 1: 256 (1791)
= Xiphion Mill.; Gard. Dict. Abr. ed. 4.: s.p. (1754)
= Xuris Adans.; Fam. Pl. 2: 546 (1763)
= Xyridion (Tausch) Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, ser, 2 17: 163 (1869)
= Zhaoanthus M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232: 59 (2015)

Search for: Iris albicans

Nothing found!
species :
Iris acutiloba C.A.Mey.; Verz. Pfl. Caucasus 32 (1831)
subspecies :
subsp. acutiloba
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Azerbaijan; Iran (NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, NW-Iran: Iranian Azerbaijan, W-Iran)
33 AZE NCS 34 IRN
Remarks: Iris s. str., sect. Oncocyclus
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris acutiloba var. bimaculata Fomin & Woronow; Opred. Rast. Kavk. 1: 300 (1907)
= Iris barnumiae f. protonyma (Stapf) B.Mathew & Wendelbo; Fl. Iranica 112: 34 (1975), nom. inval.
= Iris fominii Woronow ex Grossh.; Fl. Kavkaza 1: 285 (1928)
= Iris polakii f. protonyma Stapf; Bot. Mag. 155: t. 9279 (1932), nom. inval.
= Iris ×polakii Stapf; Denkschr. Akad. Wiss. Wien Math-Nat. Kl. 50: 20 (1885)
= Oncocyclus acutilobus (C.A.Mey.) Siemssen; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 4: 709 (1846)
subspecies :
subsp. lineolata (Trautv.) B.Mathew & Wendelbo; Fl. Iranica, 112: 32 (1975)
Distribution: Turkmenistan; Armenia; Azerbaijan; E-Turkey; Iran
32 TKM 33 ARM AZE 34 IRN TUR
Remarks: Iris s. str., sect. Oncocyclus
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris acutiloba var. lineolata Trautv.; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 1: 24 (1870)
= Iris ewbankiana Foster; Gard. Chron., ser. 3, 29: 397 (1901)
= Iris ewbankiana var. lineolata (Trautv.) Gavr.
= Iris helena (K.Koch) K.Koch; Linnaea 21: 639 (1848)
= Iris lineolata (Trautv.) Grossh.; Fl. Kavkaza, ed. 2, 2: 221 (1940)
= Iris lineolata f. tristis Grossh.; Izv. Azerbaidzhansk. Fil. 10: 33 (1944)
= Oncocyclus helena K.Koch; Linnaea 21: 639 (1848), nom. nud.
subspecies :
subsp. longitepala B.Mathew & Zarrei; Bull. Brit. Iris Soc. Spec. Group 2008/9: 23 (2009)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Iris adriatica Trinajstic ex Mitic; Phyton (Horn) 42(2): 307 (2002)
Distribution: Croatia
13 CRO
Remarks: Iris s. str.
species :
Iris afghanica Wendelbo; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edin. burgh 31(2): 338 (1972)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Baghlan, Takhar)
34 AFG
Remarks: Iris s. str., sect. Regelia
species :
Iris aintabensis (G.P.Baker) Ruksans; Int. Rock Gard. 112: 35, figs. 46-49 (2019)
Distribution: S-Turkey
34 TUR
Remarks: subgen. Iridodictyum
Synonyms: hidden
= Iridodictyum aintabensis (G.P.Baker) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232(1): 60 (2015)
= Iris histrio subsp. aintabensis (G.P.Baker) B.Mathew; Davis & Hedge Festschrift (ed. Kit Tan): 97 (1989)
= Iris histrio var. aintabensis G.P.Baker; Gard. Chron. Ser. 3, 89: 137 (1931)
species :
Iris aitchisonii (Baker) Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 5: 123 (1882)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Kunar / Nuristan); Pakistan (Pakistani Punjab, Jhelum); India (Punjab)
34 AFG 40 IND PAK
Remarks: subgen. Juno
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris aitchisonii var. chrysantha Baker ex Hook.f.; Fl. Brit. India 6: 272 (1892)
= Iris aitchisonii var. flaviflora Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 5: 123 (1882), nom. inval.
= Juno aitchisonii (Baker) Kamelin; Florogenet. Anal. Estest. Fl. Gorn. Sred. Azii 252 (1973), isonym
= Juno aitchisonii (Baker) Klatt; Abh. Naturf. Ges. Halle 12: 362 (1882)
= Xiphion aitchisonii Baker; J. Bot. 13: 108 (1875)
species :
Iris alberti Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 5: 260 (1877)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan
32 KAZ KGZ
Remarks: Iris & Pogoniris
species :
Iris albomarginata R.C.Foster; Contr. Gray Herb. n. s. No. cxiv. 42 (1936)
Distribution: Kazakhstan (Talassky Alatau); Uzbekistan
32 KAZ UZB
Remarks: subgen. Juno
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris coerulea B.Fedtsch.; Bull. Herb. Boissier, sér. 2, 4: 917 (1904) [non Spach (1846) nec Poljak.]
= Iris fedtschenkoi F.O.Khass. & Rakhimova; Stapfia 97: 178 (2012), nom. nov.
= Juno albomarginata (R.C.Foster) Vved. ex M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 376(5): 185 (2018)
= Juno coerulea Poljakov; Fl. Kazakhst. 2: 250 (1958), nom. superfl.
species :
Iris alexeenkoi Grossh.; Bot. Mater. Gerb. Bot. Inst. Komarova Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R. 13: 6 (1950)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Azerbaijan
33 AZE GEO NCS
Remarks: Iris & Pogoniris
species :
Iris almaatensis Pavlov; Vestn. Akad. Nauk Kaz. SSR., 3(60): 26 (1950)
Distribution: Kyrgyzstan
32 KGZ
Remarks: subgen. Juno
Synonyms: hidden
= Juno almaatensis (Pavlov) Poljakov; Fl. Kazakhst. 2: 248 (1958)
species :
Iris anguifuga Y.T.Zhao & X.J.Xue; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 18(1): 56-57, f. 1 (1980)
Distribution: China (Anhui, Guangxi, Hebei)
36 CHI
Remarks: Chamaeiris
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophioiris anguifuga (Y.T.Zhao & X.J.Xue) Rodion.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 89(8): 1359 (2004)
= Chamaeiris anguifuga (Y.T.Zhao & X.J.Xue) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232(1): 64 (2015)
species :
Iris antilibanotica Dinsm.; Post, Fl. Syria, ed. 2, 2: 599 (1933)
Distribution: Lebanon (Antilebanon)
34 LEB
Remarks: Iris s. str., sect. Oncocyclus
species :
Iris aphylla L.; Sp. Pl. 38 (1753)
Name: Nacktstängel-Schwertlilie (DE)
Distribution: E-Germany (Sachsen-Anhalt); Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; France; Italy; Serbia; Kosovo; Albania; Romania; C-European Russia; S-European Russia; Belarus; E-European Russia; Moldova; Ukraine; USA [I] (Missouri [I])
11 CZE GER HUN POL SLO 12 FRA 13 ALB ITA KOS ROM SRB 14 BLR MLD RUS UKR 75 usa
Remarks: Iris & Pogoniris
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris aphylla f. iulitae Pînzaru; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 44: 223 (2013)
= Iris aphylla f. major (Zapal.) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 16: 366 (1970 publ. 1971)
= Iris aphylla subsp. bohemica (F.W.Schmidt) Dostál; Kvetena CSR 1798 (1950)
= Iris aphylla subsp. dacica (Beldie) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 16: 366 (1970 publ. 1971)
= Iris aphylla subsp. fieberi (Seidl) Dostál; Folia Mus. Rer. Nat. Bohem. Occid., Bot. 21: 16 (1984)
= Iris aphylla subsp. hungarica (Waldst. & Kit.) Dostál; Kvetena CSR 1798 (1950)
= Iris aphylla subsp. nudicaulis (Lam.) O.Schwarz; Mitt. Thüring. Bot. Ges. 1: 91 (1949)
= Iris aphylla subsp. polonica (Blocki ex Asch. & Graebn.) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 16: 366 (1970 publ. 1971), no basionym date.
= Iris aphylla var. hungarica (Waldst. & Kit.) D.Dubovik; Fl. Belarusi 3: 213 (2017)
= Iris aphylla var. polonica Blocki ex Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 3: 478 (1906)
= Iris babadagica Rzazade & Golneva; Not. Syst. Geogr. Inst. Bot. Tbiliss., Fasc. 24, 12 (1965)
= Iris biflora L.; Sp. Pl.: 38 (1753), nom. rej. prop.
= Iris bifurca Steven ex Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 16: 145 (1877)
= Iris bisflorens Host; Fl. Austriac. 1: 46 (1827)
= Iris bohemica F.W.Schmidt; Fl. Boem. 4: 5 (1794)
= Iris breviscapa Opiz; Naturalientausch 10: 191 (1825)
= Iris clusiana Tausch; Flora 12: I. Erg. 49 (1829)
= Iris dacica Beldie; Comun. Acad. Republ. Populare Romîne 2: 566 (1952)
= Iris diantha K.Koch; Linnaea 21: 637 (1848)
= Iris duerinckii Buckley; Am. J. Sci. 45: 176 (1843)
= Iris extrafoliacea J.C.Mikan ex Pohl; Tentamen Fl. Bohemiae 1: 47 (1810)
= Iris falcata Tausch; Hort. Canal. 1: t. 2 (1823)
= Iris fieberi Seidl; P. A. Opiz, Naturalientausch 9: 128 (1825)
= Iris furcata var. diantha (K.Koch) Grossh.; Fl. Kavkaza, ed. 2, 2: 223 (1940)
= Iris hungarica f. minor Simonk.; E. J. Nyárády, Kv. Fl.: 126 (1941)
= Iris hungarica subsp. dacica (Beldie) Prodan; Fl. Republ. Popul. Romí¢ne 11: 484 (1966)
= Iris hungarica var. subtriflora (Fieber ex Klatt) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 701 (1882)
= Iris hungarica Waldst. & Kit.; Descr. Icon. Pl. Hung. 3: 251 (1808)
= Iris melzeri Prodan; Bul. Grad. Bot. Univ. Cluj 15: 123 (1935 publ. 1936))
= Iris nudicaulis f. major Zapal.; 194 (1906)
= Iris nudicaulis Lam.; Encycl. 3: 296 (1789)
= Iris nudicaulis subsp. fieberi (Seidl) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 701 (1882)
= Iris nudicaulis subvar. falcata (Tausch) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 701 (1882)
= Iris nudicaulis var. calcarea Zapal.; 194 (1906)
= Iris nudicaulis var. clusiana (Tausch) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 701 (1882)
= Iris reflexa Berg; Flora 16: I. Beibl. 33 (1833)
= Iris rigida Sieber ex Klatt; Linnaea 34: 1865 (1866) 598
= Iris rupestris Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 43 (1796), nom. superfl.
= Iris schmidtii Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 16: 145 (1877)
= Iris subtriflora Fieber ex Klatt; Linnaea 34: 1865 (1866) 599
= Iris tenorei Parl.; Fl. Ital. 3: 278 (1860)
species :
Iris assadiana Chaudhary, G.Kirkw. & C.Weymouth; Bot. Notiser 128: 401 (1976), nom. nov.
Distribution: Syria (C-Syrian Desert)
34 SYR
Remarks: Iris s. str., sect. Oncocyclus
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris barnumiae var. zenobiae Mouterde; Nouv. Fl. Liban Syrie 1: 315 (1966)
species :
Iris atrofusca Baker; Gard. Chron. ser. 3, 1893: 384 (1893)
Distribution: Israel (Rift Valley, N-Israel, N-Negev Desert, Judean Desert); Jordania (W-Jordania)
34 ISR JOR
Remarks: Iris s. str., sect. Oncocyclus
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris atropurpurea var. atrofusca (Baker) Baker; Bot. Mag. 120: t. 7379 (1894)
= Iris atropurpurea var. gileadensis Dinsm.; G. E. Post, Fl. Syria, ed. 2, 2: 601 (1933)
= Iris hauranensis Dinsm.; Post, Fl. Syria, Palest. & Sinai, ed. 2, 2: 598 (1933)
= Iris jordana Dinsm.; Post, Fl. Syr. Pal. Sin. ed. 2, 2: 598 (1933)
= Iris loessicola Kushnir; Palestine J. Bot., Jerusalem Ser. 4: 231 (1949)
species :
Iris atropurpurea Baker; Gard. Chron. ser. 3, 5: 330 (1889)
Distribution: Israel (coastal W-Israel)
34 ISR
Remarks: Iris s. str., sect. Oncocyclus
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris eggeri Tubergen; Wholesale Cat. Flowerroots 1901: 23 (1901)
species :
Iris attica Boiss. & Heldr.; Boiss., Diagn. ser. 2, 4: 91 (1859)
Distribution: Macedonia; Albania; Greece; Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia)
13 ALB GRC NMA 34 TUR
Remarks: Iris & Pogoniris
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris pumila subsp. attica (Boiss. & Heldr.) Hayek; Prodr. Fl. Penins. Balcan. 3: 119 (1932)
= Iris pumila Sm.; Fl. Graec. Prod. 1: 27 [non L.]
= Iris falcata Babal. & Papan.; Willdenowia 14(1): 71 (1984), nom. illeg., non Tausch
species :
Iris aucheri (Baker) Sealy; Kew Bull. 1949: 562 (1950)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq); Iran (NW-Iran: Iranian Azerbaijan, W-Iran); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, Jazira, NW-Syria); Jordania (E-Jordania, S-Jordania, W-Jordania)
34 IRN IRQ JOR SYR TUR
Remarks: subgen. Juno
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris assyriaca W.Irving; Garden (London, 1871-1927) 69: 195 (1906)
= Iris aucheri var. fumosa (Decne.) Bolt.; Phytotaxa 303(2) : 135 (2017)
= Iris fumosa Boiss. & Hausskn.; Boiss., Fl. Orient. 5: 123 (1882), nom. superfl.
= Iris fumosa Boiss. & Hausskn. ex Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 16: 124 (1877)
= Iris sindjarensis Boiss. & Hausskn.; Boiss., Fl. Orient. 5: 122 (1882)
= Juno aucheri (Baker) Klatt; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 30: 498 (1872)
= Juno aucheri (Baker) Rodion.; Dekorativ. Trab. Rast. Dlya Otkr. Grunta S.S.S.R. 1: 288 (1977), without bas. ref., isonym
= Juno aucheri (Baker) Soják; Cas. Nár. Muz. (Prague), 150(3-4): 138 (1981 publ. 1982), isonym
= Juno fumosa Kamelin; Florogenet. Anal. Estest. Fl. Gorn. Sred. Azii 252 (1973)
= Juno sindjarensis (Boiss. & Hausskn. ex Boiss.) Kamelin; Florogenet. Anal. Estest. Fl. Gorn. Sred. Azii 252 (1973)
= Thelysia fumosa Decne.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 20: 304 (1873), nom. superfl.
= Xiphion aucheri Baker; J. Bot. 9: 110 (1871)
species :
Iris auranitica Dinsm.; Pl. Post. & Dinsm. 2: 11 (1934)
Distribution: Syria (Jbel Druze)
34 SYR
Remarks: Iris s. str., sect. Oncocyclus
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris auranitica f. wilkiana Chaudhary, G.Kirkw. & C.Weymouth; Bot. Not. 128: 406 (1975 publ. 1976)
= Iris auranitica var. unicolor Mouterde; Fl. Djebel Druze: 82 (1953)
species :
Iris austrotschatkalica Tojibaev, F.Karimov & Turgunov; Turczaninowia 17(4): 12 (2014)
Distribution: Uzbekistan
32 UZB
Remarks: subgen. Juno
Synonyms: hidden
= Juno austrotschatkalica (Tojibaev, F.Karimov & Turgunov) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 376(5): 187 (2018)
species :
Iris avromanica Ruksans; Int. Rock Gard. 112: 53, figs. 74, 80-83 (2019)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
Remarks: status and genus uncertain
species :
Iris baldshuanica O.Fedtsch. & B.Fedtsch.; J. Russe de Bot., 77 (1909)
Distribution: Tajikistan
32 TZK
Remarks: subgen. Juno, sect. Physocaulon
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris rosenbachiana var. baldshuanica (O.Fedtsch.) Dykes; Gen. Iris: 206 (1913)
= Juno baldshuanica (O.Fedtsch. & B.Fedtsch.) Vved.; Fl. Tadjikist. 2: 385 (1963)
species :
Iris barbatula Noltie & K.Y.Guan; New Plantsman 2(3): 137 (1995)
Distribution: China (Yunnan)
36 CHI
Remarks: subgen. Evansia
Synonyms: hidden
= Junopsis barbatula (Noltie & K.Y.Guan) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232(1): 55 (2015)
species :
Iris barnumiae Baker & Foster; Gard. Chron. er. 3 4: 182 (1888)
subspecies :
subsp. barnumiae
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Iran (EC-Iran, N-Iran, NW-Iran: Iranian Azerbaijan, W-Iran); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, Jbel Druze)
34 IRN IRQ SYR TUR
Remarks: Iris s. str., sect. Oncocyclus
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris polakii f. barnumiae (Foster & Baker) Stapf; Bot. Mag. 155: t. 9279 (1932)
subspecies :
subsp. demawendica (Bornm.) B.Mathew & Wendelbo; Fl. Iranica, 112: 35 (1975)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris acutiloba subsp. demawendica (Bornm.) Bornm.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 47: 74 (1939)
= Iris acutiloba var. demavendica Bornm.; Bull. Herb. Boissier, sér. 2, 8: 727 (1908)
= Iris demavendica (Bornm.) Bornm. ex Rech.f.; Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien 57: 68 (1950), nom. inval., later homonym
= Iris demawendica (Bornm.) Dykes; Gen. Iris: 123 (1913)
species :
Iris basaltica Dinsm.; Post, Fl. Syria, ed. 2, 2: 597 (1933)
Distribution: Syria (NW-Syria)
34 SYR
Remarks: Iris s. str., sect. Oncocyclus
species :
Iris bicapitata Colas.; Flora Medit. 6: 214 (1996)
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
Remarks: Iris & Pogoniris
species :
Iris bismarckiana E.Dammann & Sprenger; Nursery Cat. (Dammann) 51: 4 (1890)
Distribution: Lebanon (Antilebanon); Israel (Rift Valley, N-Israel)
34 ISR LEB
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris nazarena (Foster) Dinsm.; Post, Fl. Syr. Pal. Sin. ed. 2, 2: 596 (1933)
= Iris sari var. nazarena Foster; Garden (London 1871-1927) 43: s. n. (1893)
= Iris sari-nazarena Foster ex Wulle; Gartenflora 42: 487 (1893)
species :
Iris bloudowii (Bunge ex) Ledeb.; Fl. Altaic. 4: 331 (1830)
Distribution: Siberia (Altai, Buryatia, Chita, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva, W-Siberia); Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; China (Xinjiang); ?Mongolia
30 SIB 32 KAZ KGZ 36 CHI
Remarks: Iris s. str., sect. Psammiris
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris flavissima var. bloudowii (Ledeb.) Baker; Handb. Irid.: 29 (1892), nom. superfl.
= Iris flavissima var. umbrosa Bunge; Ledeb., Fl. Altaic. 1: 60 (1829)
species :
Iris boissieri Henriq.; Bol. Soc. Brot. 3: 183 (1885)
Distribution: N-Portugal; NW-Spain
12 POR SPA
Remarks: subgen. Xiphion
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris diversifolia Merino; Bol. Soc. Aragonesa Ci. Nat. 7: 225 (1908), nom. illeg.
= Iris heterophylla Merino; Bol. Soc. Aragonesa Ci. Nat. 7: 131 (1908), nom. illeg.
= Xiphion boissieri (Henriq.) Rodion.; Rod. Iris-Iris L. (Vopr. Morfol. Biol. Evol. i Sist.) 201 (1961)
species :
Iris bostrensis Mouterde; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 11: 420 (1954)
Distribution: Syria (C-Syrian Desert, Jbel Druze)
34 SYR
Remarks: Iris s. str., sect. Oncocyclus
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris atropurpurea var. purpurea Dinsm.; Post, Fl. Syria, ed. 2, 2: 600 (1933)
species :
Iris bracteata S.Watson; Proc. Amer. Acad. 20: 375 (1885)
Distribution: USA (S-Oregon, California)
73 USA 76 USA
Remarks: subgen. Limniris
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris tenax subsp. bracteata (S.Watson) Q.D.Clarkson; Madroño 15: 122 (1959)
= Limniris bracteata (S.Watson) Rodion.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 92(4): 551 (2007)
species :
Iris brevicaulis Raf.; Fl. Ludov. 20 (1817)
Name: Zigzag iris
Distribution: Canada (Ontario); USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Missouri, Mississippi, Ohio, Oklahoma, Tennessee, Texas)
72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Remarks: subgen. Phaeiris
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris acleantha Small; Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 338 (1931)
= Iris alabamensis Small; Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 354 (1931)
= Iris atrocyanea Small; Addisonia 14: 13 (1929)
= Iris brevicaulis f. boonensis (Daniels) R.C.Foster; Contr. Gray Herb. 119: 53 (1937)
= Iris callilopha Alexander; Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 350 (1931)
= Iris chrysaeola Small; Addisonia 14: 11 (1929)
= Iris coelestina Anon.; Ann. Hort. 1847: 73 (1847)
= Iris foliosa Mack. & Bush; Fl. Jacks. County, 63
= Iris foliosa var. boonensis Daniels; Univ. Missouri Stud., Sci. Ser. 1: 259 (1907)
= Iris fourchiana Small; Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 344 (1931)
= Iris hexagona var. lamancei J.N.Gerard; Gard. & Forest 8: 286 (1895)
= Iris lamancei (J.N.Gerard) Lynch; Book of the Iris: 81 (1904)
= Iris mississippiensis Alexander; Small & Alexander, Bot. Interpr. Iridac. Pl. Gulf States (Contrib. N. Y. Bot. Gard. No. 327) 355 (1931)
= Limniris brevicaulis (Raf.) Rodion.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 92(4): 553 (2007)
= Phaeiris brevicaulis (Raf.) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232: 59 (2015)
species :
Iris bucharica Foster; Gard. Chron., I. 385 (1902)
Distribution: Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Tajikistan; Afghanistan (Badakshan, Takhar)
32 TKM TZK UZB 34 AFG
Remarks: subgen. Juno, sect. Wendelboa
Synonyms: hidden
= Juno bucharica (Foster) Vved.; Fl. Uzbekist., ed. Schreder 1: 517 (1941)
species :
Iris bulleyana Dykes; Gard. Chron. 47: 418 (1910)
Distribution: China (Yunnan, Sichuan); Tibet; Myanmar
36 CHI TIB 41 MYA
Remarks: subgen. Limniris
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris bulleyana f. alba Y.T.Zhao; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 18(1): 54. (1980)
= Limniris bulleyana (Dykes) Rodion.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 92(4): 551 (2007)
species :
Iris bungei Maxim.; Bull. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Petersbourg 26(3): 509-510 (1880)
Distribution: China (Gansu, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Shanxi); Mongolia
36 CHI 37 MON
Remarks: subgen. Cryptobasis
Synonyms: hidden
= Cryptobasis bungei (Maxim.) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232(1): 61 (2015)
= Iris bungei var. sochondinensis Galanin; Fl. Daurii 2: 127 (2009), no Latin descr.
= Sclerosiphon bungei (Maxim.) Rodion.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 91(12): 1897 (2006)
species :
Iris cabulica Gilli; Feddes Repert. 56: 147 (1954)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Kabul, Laghman)
34 AFG
Remarks: subgen. Juno
Synonyms: hidden
= Juno cabulica (Gilli) Kamelin; Florogenet. Anal. Estest. Fl. Gorn. Sred. Azii 252 (1973)
species :
Iris calabra (N.Terracc.) Peruzzi; Inform. Bot. Ital. 41(1): 140 (2009)
Distribution: S-Italy
13 ITA
Remarks: Iris & Pogoniris
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris ×germanica var. calabra N.Terracc.; Annuario Reale Ist. Bot. Roma 09:36 (1900)
species :
Iris calcicola Z.C.Lu, Z.P.Huang & Yan Liu; Taiwania 67(2): 212 (2022)
Distribution: China (Guangxi)
36 CHI
species :
Iris camillae Grossh.; Grossh. & Schischk., Sched. Pl. Or. Exsicc. Fasc. 15: 40 (1928)
Distribution: Azerbaijan
33 AZE
Remarks: Iris s. str., sect. Oncocyclus
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris camillae f. dentata Grossh.; Izv. Azerbaidzhansk. Fil. 10: 32 (1944)
= Iris camillae f. elegans Grossh.; Sakharthw. S. S. R. Mec´niereb. Akad. Moambe 8: 619 (1947)
= Iris camillae f. parviflora Grossh.; Sakharthw. S. S. R. Mec´niereb. Akad. Moambe 8: 620 (1947)
= Iris camillae f. rara Grossh.; Sakharthw. S. S. R. Mec´niereb. Akad. Moambe 8: 619 (1947)
species :
Iris capnoides (Vved.) T.Hall & Seisums; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 167(3): 300 (2011)
Distribution: Uzbekistan; Tajikistan
32 TZK UZB
Remarks: subgen. Juno
Synonyms: hidden
= Juno capnoides Vved.; Opred. Rast. Sred. Azii 2: 321 (1971)
species :
Iris carterorum B.Mathew & Wendelbo; Fl. Iranica, 112: 68 (1975)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Ghazni, Logar)
34 AFG
Remarks: subgen. Juno
Synonyms: hidden
= Juno carterorum (B.Mathew & Wendelbo) Rodion.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 79(9): 106 (1994), isonym
= Juno carterorum (B.Mathew & Wendelbo) Soják; Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(2): 79 (1979 publ. 1980)
species :
Iris cathayensis Migo; J. Shanghai Sci. Inst. 4: 140 (1939)
Distribution: China (Anhui, Hubei, Jiangsu, Zhejiang)
36 CHI
Remarks: subgen. Cryptobasis
Synonyms: hidden
= Cryptobasis cathayensis (Migo) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232(1): 61 (2015)
species :
Iris caucasica M.Bieb.; Fl. Taur.-Caucas. 1: 33 (1808)
subspecies :
subsp. caucasica
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus] (Kartli); Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Iran (NW-Iran: Iranian Azerbaijan)
33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN IRQ TUR
Remarks: subgen. Juno
Synonyms: hidden
= Coresantha caucasica (M.Bieb.) Klatt; Linnaea 34: 575 (1866)
= Costia caucasica (M.Bieb.) Willk.; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 18: 132 (1860)
= Iris caucasica var. kharput Foster; Bulbous Irises: 78 (1892)
= Juno caucasica (M.Bieb.) Kotschy; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 22: 114, 113 (1864)
= Neubeckia caucasica (M.Bieb.) Alef.; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 21: 297 (1863)
= Thelysia caucasica (M.Bieb.) Parl.; Fl. Ital. 3: 317 (1860)
= Xiphion caucasicum (M.Bieb.) Baker; J. Bot. 9: 109 (1871)
variant :
var. atropatana (Grossh.) Bolt.; Phytotaxa 303(2) : 127 (2017)
Distribution: Armenia; Azerbaijan
33 ARM AZE
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris atropatana Grossh.; Trud. Bot. Inst., Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R., Azerb. Fil., Baku 2: 252 (1936)
= Juno atropatana (Grossh.) Czerep.; Sosud. Rast. S.S.S.R.: 264 (1981)
= Juno atropatana (Grossh.) Rodion.; Dekorativ. Trab. Rast. Dlya Otkr. Grunta S.S.S.R. 1: 278 (1977) [without basionym ref., comb. inval.]
variant :
var. multiflora Grossh.; Trudy Geobot. Obsl. Pastb. S.S.R. Azerbaidzhna, Ser. A, Zimm. Pastb. 7: 87 (1931)
Distribution: Azerbaijan (Nachichevan)
33 AZE
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris schischkinii Grossh.; Bot. Mater. Gerb. Bot. Inst. Komarova Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R. 13: 3 (1950)
= Juno schischkinii (Grossh.) Czerep.; Sosud. Rast. S.S.S.R.: 265 (1981)
= Juno schischkinii (Grossh.) Rodion.; Dekorativ. Trab. Rast. Dlya Otkr. Grunta S.S.S.R. 1: 285 (1977), without basionym ref., comb. inval.
subspecies :
subsp. nezahatiae (Güner & H.Duman) Güner; e-Fl. Turkey (Iris): 93 (2021)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris nezahatiae Güner & H.Duman; Turkish J. Bot. 31(4): 311 (2007)
= Juno nezahatiae (Güner & H.Duman) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232(1): 54 (2015)
subspecies :
subsp. turcica B.Mathew; Garden (London), 106(11): 478 (1981)
Distribution: Turkey (C-Anatolia); NE-Iraq
34 IRQ TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Juno turcica (B.Mathew) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232(1): 54 (2015)
species :
Iris cedreti Dinsm. ex Chaudhary; Bot. Not. 125: 497 (1972)
Distribution: Lebanon (C-Lebanon)
34 LEB
Remarks: Iris s. str., sect. Oncocyclus
species :
Iris celikii Akpulat & K.I.Chr.; Nordic J. Bot. 24(2): 207 (2006)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Remarks: subgen. Iridodictyum
Synonyms: hidden
= Iridodictyum celikii (Akpulat & K.I.Chr.) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232(1): 61 (2015)
species :
Iris chrysographes Dykes; Gard. Chron., ser. 3, 49: 362 (1911)
Distribution: China (Guizhou, Yunnan, Sichuan); Tibet; Myanmar (Chin, Kachin, Sagaing)
36 CHI TIB 41 MYA
Remarks: subgen. Limniris
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris bulleyana f. chrysographes (Dykes) Bolt.; Plants [Basel] 10(11)-2232: 16 (2021)
= Iris dykesii Stapf; Bot. Mag. 155: t. 9282 (1932)
= Limniris chrysographes (Dykes) Rodion.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 92(4): 551 (2007)
= Limniris dykesii (Stapf) Rodion.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 92: 551 (2007)
species :
Iris chrysophylla Howell; Fl. N. W. Amer. 1: 633 (1902)
Distribution: USA (Oregon, California)
73 USA 76 USA
Remarks: subgen. Limniris
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris tenax subsp. chrysophylla (Howell) Q.D.Clarkson; Madroño 15: 122 (1959)
= Limniris chrysophylla (Howell) Rodion.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 92(4): 551 (2007)
species :
Iris clarkei Baker ex Hook.f.; Fl. Brit. India 6: 275 (1892)
Distribution: China (W-Yunnan); Tibet; Nepal; Bhutan; NE-India (Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Nagaland, Sikkim); Myanmar (Kachin)
36 CHI TIB 40 BHU IND NEP 41 MYA
Remarks: subgen. Limniris
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris himalaica W.R.Dykes; Gard. Chron. 45: 36 (1909)
= Limniris clarkei (Baker ex Hook.f.) Rodion.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 92(4): 551 (2007)
species :
Iris colchica Kem.-Nath.; Not. Syst. Geogr. Inst. Bot. Tphilis. Acad. Sci. URSS, Sect. Georgica, Fasc.3, p. 3 (1938)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus] (Abkhazia, Racha-Lechkhumi, Imereti)
33 GEO NCS
Remarks: Chamaeiris
Synonyms: hidden
= Chamaeiris colchica (Kem.-Nath.) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232(1): 64 (2015)
= Iris adami Link; Jahrb. Gewächsk. 1(3): 72 (1820), nom. subnud.
species :
Iris collettii Hook.f.; Bot. Mag. 129: pl. 7889 (1903)
Distribution: China (Sichuan, Yunnan); Tibet; Nepal; Myanmar (Mandalay); N-Thailand; Vietnam
36 CHI TIB 40 NEP 41 MYA THA VIE
Remarks: subgen. Evansia
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris duclouxii H.Lév.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 6(107-112): 113-114 (1908)
= Iris nepalensis f. depauperata Collett & Hemsl.; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 28: 136 (1890)
= Iris nepalensis var. letha Foster; Gard. Chron., ser. 3, 12: 458 (1892)
= Junopsis collettii (Hook.f.) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232(1): 55 (2015)
variant :
var. acaulis Noltie; New Plantsman 2: 136 (1995)
Distribution: China (Yunnan, Sichuan)
36 CHI
Remarks: subgen. Evansia
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris daliensis X.D.Dong & Y.T.Zhao; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 35(1): 81-82, f. 1 (1997)
= Junopsis collettii var. acaulis (Noltie) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232: 55 (2015)
species :
Iris confusa Sealy; Gard. Chron., ser. 3, 102: 414, 432 (1937)
Distribution: China (Guangxi, Guizhou, Sichuan, Yunnan)
36 CHI
Remarks: subgen. Evansia
Synonyms: hidden
= Evansia confusa (Sealy) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232(1): 54 (2015)
species :
Iris cristata Aiton; Hort. Kew. ed. I. 1: 70 (1789)
Name: Dwarf crested iris
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, District of Columbia, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Maryland, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia)
74 USA 75 USA 78 USA
Remarks: Lophiris
Synonyms: hidden
= Evansia cristata (Aiton) Klatt; Abh. Naturf. Ges. Halle 15: 373 (1882)
= Iris cristata var. alba Dykes; Gen. Iris: 107 (1913)
= Iris glumacea Raf.; New Fl. 2: 93 (1837)
= Iris glumacea var. angustifolia Raf.; New Fl. 2: 93 (1837)
= Iris odorata Pers.; Syn. Pl. 1: 53 (1805)
= Lophiris cristata (Aiton) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232: 66 (2015)
= Neubeckia cristata (Aiton) Alef.; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 21: 297 (1863)
species :
Iris crocea Jacquem. ex R.C.Foster; Contr. Gray Herb., No. 114, 41 (1936)
Distribution: NW-India (Jammu & Kashmir); Java [I]
40 IND 42 jaw
Remarks: Chamaeiris, sect. Spuriae
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris aurea Lindl.; Edwards´s Bot. Reg. 33: t. 59 (1847), nom. illeg.
= Iris crocea Jacq. & Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 16: 141 (1877)
= Iris pallida subsp. cucullata (Schur) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 255 (1890)
= Iris pallida var. cucullata (Schur) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 700 (1882)
species :
Iris cuniculiformis Noltie & K.Y.Guan; New Plantsman 2(3): 131 (1995)
Distribution: China (Yunnan, Sichuan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris goniocarpa var. grossa Y.T.Zhao; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 18(1): 60 (1980)
species :
Iris curvifolia Y.T.Zhao; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 20(1): 99, f. 1 (1982)
Distribution: China (Xinjiang)
36 CHI
Remarks: Iris s. str., sect. Psammiris
species :
Iris cycloglossa Wendelbo; K. Danske Vid. Selsk., Biol. Skrift. 10: No. 3 (Symb. Afghan. IV.) 187(1959)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Herat)
34 AFG
Remarks: subgen. Juno, sect. Wendelboa
Synonyms: hidden
= Juno cycloglossa (Wendelbo) Rodion.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 79(9): 106 (1994), isonym
= Juno cycloglossa (Wendelbo) Soják; Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(2): 79 (1979 publ. 1980)
species :
Iris dabashanensis C.A.Wilson; PhytoKeys 161: 49, figs. 1-4 (2020)
Distribution: China (Sichuan)
36 CHI
species :
Iris damascena Mouterde; Nouv. Fl. Lib. Syr. 1: 318, t. 104, n. 3 (1966)
Distribution: Syria (C-Syrian Desert)
34 SYR
Remarks: Iris s. str., sect. Oncocyclus
species :
Iris danfordiae (Baker) Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 5: 124 (1882)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: subgen. Iridodictyum
Synonyms: hidden
= Iridodictyum danfordiae (Baker) Nothdurft; Taxon 18: 600. (1969)
= Iris amasiana Bornm.; Möller´s Deutsche Gärtn.-Zeitung 4: 129 (1889)
= Iris bornmuelleri Hausskn.; Flora (1889) 140
= Iris crociformis Freyn; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 44: 326 (1894), in syn.
= Juno danfordiae (Baker) Klatt; Abh. Naturf. Ges. Halle 12: 362 (1882)
= Xiphion danfordiae Baker; J. Bot. London 14: 265 (1876)
species :
Iris darwasica Regel; Act. Hort. Petrop. 8: 679 (1884)
Distribution: Tajikistan
32 TZK
Remarks: Iris s. str., sect. Regelia
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris suworowii Regel; Act. Hort. Petrop. 9: 619 (1886)
species :
Iris decora Wall.; Pl. Asiat. Rar. 1: 77, pl. 86 (1830)
Distribution: China (Sichuan, Yunnan); S-Tibet; Nepal; Bhutan; N-India (Manipur, Meghalaya, Tibet); Myanmar
36 CHI TIB 40 BHU IND NEP 41 MYA
Remarks: subgen. Evansia
Synonyms: hidden
= Evansia nepalensis (D.Don) Klatt; Abh. Naturf. Ges. Halle 12: 373 (1882)
= Iris decora var. leucantha X.D.Dong & Y.T.Zhao; Bull. Bot. Res. North-East. Forest. Univ. 18(2): 150 (1998), holotype not indicated
= Iris nepalensis D.Don; Prodr. Fl. Nepal. 54 (1825), non Wall. ex Ung. (1824).
= Iris nepalensis var. khasiana Baker; Handb. Irid.: 22 (1892)
= Iris sulcata Wall.; Numer. List: no. 5049 (1831), nom. nud.
= Iris yunnanensis H.Lév.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 6(107-112): 113 (1908)
= Junopsis decora (Wall.) Wern.Schulze; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 117: 327-331 (1969)
= Junopsis yunnanensis (H.Lév.) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232(1): 55 (2015)
= Neubeckia decora (Wall.) Klatt; Linnaea 34: 1865 (1866) 588
= Neubeckia sulcata Klatt; Linnaea 34: 588 (1866)
species :
Iris delavayi Micheli; Riv. Hortic. (1895) 398. fig. 128et 129
Distribution: China (Guizhou, Yunnan, Sichuan); Tibet
36 CHI TIB
Remarks: subgen. Limniris
Synonyms: hidden
= Limniris delavayi (Micheli) Rodion.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 92(4): 551 (2007)
species :
Iris dichotoma Pall.; Reise Russ. Reich. 3: 712 (1776)
Distribution: Siberia (Buryatia, Chita); Russian Far East (Amur); China (Anhui, Gansu, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Yunnan); Mongolia; North Korea; South Korea
30 SIB 31 RFE 36 CHI 37 MON 38 KOR NKO
Remarks: subgen. Pardanthopsis
Synonyms: hidden
= Evansia dichotoma (Pall.) Decne.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 20: 302 (1873)
= Evansia vespertina Decne.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 20: 302 (1873)
= Iris pomeridiana Fisch. ex Klatt; Linnaea 34: 1865 (1866) 612
= Pardanthopsis dichotoma (Pall.) L.W.Lenz; Aliso 7: 403 (1972)
= Pardanthus dichotomus (Pall.) Ledeb.; Fl. Ross. 4: 106 (1852)
species :
Iris doabensis B.Mathew; Curtis´s Bot Mag., 179(1): t. 620 (1972)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Bamyan)
34 AFG
Remarks: subgen. Juno
Synonyms: hidden
= Juno doabensis (B.Mathew) Rodion.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 79(9): 106 (1994), isonym
= Juno doabensis (B.Mathew) Soják; Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(2): 79 (1979 publ. 1980)
species :
Iris dolichosiphon Noltie; Kew Mag. 7(1): 12 (1990)
subspecies :
subsp. dolichosiphon
Distribution: Tibet; Bhutan
36 TIB 40 BHU
Remarks: Iris s. str., sect. Pseudoregelia
subspecies :
subsp. orientalis Noltie; New Plantsman 2(3): 135 (1995)
Distribution: China (Yunnan, Sichuan); Myanmar (Kachin, Mandalay)
36 CHI 41 MYA
species :
Iris domestica (L.) Goldblatt & Mabb.; Novon 15: 129 (2005)
Name: Maravilla; Blackberry lily
Distribution: Mauritius [I]; Russian Far East (Primorye); China (Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Jilin, Liaoning, Ningxia, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang); Tibet; North Korea; South Korea; Japan (Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu); Ryukyu Isl.; Taiwan; Bhutan [I]; India [c]; Sri Lanka [I]; Bangladesh [c]; Andaman Isl. [I]; Nicobar Isl. [I]; Myanmar; Laos; Cambodia; Vietnam; peninsular Malaysia; Philippines [I]; Java [I]; New Caledonia [I]; Rotuma Isl. [I]; Tonga [I] (Tongatapu [I]); Cook Isl. [I] (Rarotonga [I], Mangaia [I], Aitutaki [I], Ngaputoru Group [I]); Society Isl. [I] (Raiatea [I]); USA [I] (Alabama [I], Arkansas [I], Connecticut [I], District of Columbia [I], Delaware [I], Florida [I], Georgia [I], Iowa [I], Illinois [I], Indiana [I], Kansas [I], Kentucky [I], Louisiana [I], Maryland [I], Michigan [I], Minnesota [I], Missouri [I], Mississippi [I], North Carolina [I], Nebraska [I], New Jersey [I], New York [I], Ohio [I], Oklahoma [I], Pennsylvania [I], South Carolina [I], South Dakota [I], Tennessee [I], Texas [I], Virginia [I], Vermont [I], Wisconsin [I], West Virginia [I]); Cuba [I]; Cuba [I]; Hispaniola [I]; Puerto Rico [I]; Saba [I]; St. Eustatius [I]; St. Kitts [I]; Guadeloupe [I]; Martinique [I]; Trinidad [I]; Venezuela [I]; Paraguay [I]
29 mau 31 RFE 36 CHI TIB 38 JAP KOR NKO NNS TAI 40 ban bhu ind srl 41 and CBD LAO MYA ncb VIE 42 jaw MLY phi 60 nwc rot ton 61 coo sci 74 usa 75 usa 77 usa 78 usa 81 cub gdl his mar pue sab ste stk trt 82 ven 85 par
Synonyms: hidden
= Belamcanda chinensis (L.) Redouté; Liliac. 3: t. 121 (1805)
= Belamcanda chinensis f. flava Makino; J. Jap. Bot. 1: 28 (1917)
= Belamcanda chinensis f. vulgaris Makino; J. Jap. Bot. 1: 28 (1917)
= Belamcanda chinensis var. curtata Makino; J. Jap. Bot. 1: 28 (1917)
= Belamcanda chinensis var. taiwanensis S.S.Ying; Colourtr. Pl. Taiwan, Pt. 4
= Belamcanda flabellata Grey; Gard. Chron., Ser. III. 96: 408 (1934)
= Belamcanda pampaninii H.Lév.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 8: 59 (1910)
= Belamcanda punctata Moench; Methodus: 529 (1794), nom. superfl.
= Bermudiana guttata Stokes; Bot. Mat. Med. 1: 109 (1812)
= Ferraria crocea Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 41 (1796)
= Gemmingia chinensis (L.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 701 (1891)
= Gemmingia chinensis f. aureoflora Makino; Ill. Fl. Japan: 713 (1940)
= Gemmingia chinensis f. rubriflora Makino; Ill. Fl. Japan: 713 (1940)
= Ixia chinensis L.; Sp. Pl.: 36 (1753), nom. cons.
= Ixia ensifolia Noronha; Verh. Batav. Genootsch. Kunsten 5(4): 18 (1790), nom. nud.
= Moraea chinensis (L.) Thunb.; Fl. Jap.: 34 (1784)
= Moraea chinensis (L.) Willd.; Sp. Pl. 1: 245 (1797), isonym
= Moraea guttata (Stokes) Stokes; Bot. Comment. 1: 229 (1830)
= Pardanthus chinensis (L.) Ker Gawl.; Ann. Bot. (Konig & Sims) 1: 246 (1805)
= Pardanthus nepalensis Sweet; Hort. Brit. ed. I. 395 (1826)
= Pardanthus sinensis Van Houtte; Fl. Serres Jard. Eur. 16: t. 1632 (1865)
species :
Iris douglasiana Herb.; Hook. & Arn. Bot. Beech. Voy. 395 (1840)
Name: Douglas´ Iris
Distribution: USA (California, Oregon)
73 USA 76 USA
Remarks: subgen. Limniris, ser. Californicae
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris beecheyana Herb.; Hook. & Arn. Bot. Beech. Voy. 395 (1840)
= Iris douglasiana f. alpha (Dykes) R.C.Foster; Contr. Gray Herb. 119: 35 (1937)
= Iris douglasiana var. alpha Dykes; Gard. Chron., III 55: 392 (1914)
= Iris douglasiana var. altissima Purdy ex Jeps.; Fl. Calif. 1: 325 (1921)
= Iris douglasiana var. beecheyana (Herb.) Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 16: 138 (1877)
= Iris douglasiana var. bracteata Herb.; Hook. & G. A. Walker Arn., Bot. Beechey Voy. 9: 395 (1840)
= Iris douglasiana var. major Torr.; Pacif. Railr. Rep. Whipple, Bot. 4(5
= Iris douglasiana var. mendocinensis Eastw.; Leafl. W. Bot. 2: 263 (1940)
= Iris douglasiana var. nuda Herb.; Hook. & G. A. Walker Arn., Bot. Beechey Voy. 9: 395 (1840)
= Iris douglasiana var. oregonensis R.C.Foster; Contr. Gray Herb. 119: 35 (1937)
= Iris watsoniana Purdy; Erythea 5: 128 (1897)
= Limniris douglasiana (Herb.) Rodion.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 92(4): 551 (2007)
species :
Iris drepanophylla Aitch. & Baker; Trans. Linn. Soc. Ser. II. 3: 115 (1887); Baker, Handb. Irid. 46 (1892)
subspecies :
subsp. drepanophylla
Distribution: Turkmenistan; ?Tajikistan; Iran (NE-Iran: Mts.); Afghanistan (Badghys, Balkh, Faryab, Herat); Pakistan (Swat)
32 TKM 34 AFG IRN 40 PAK
Remarks: subgen. Juno
Synonyms: hidden
= Juno drepanophylla (Aitch. & Baker) Rodion.; Rod Iris-Iris L. (Vopr. Mofiol. Biol. Evol. i Sist.) 208 (1961)
subspecies :
subsp. chlorotica B.Mathew & Wendelbo; Fl. Iranica, 112: 61 (1975)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Baghlan, Takhar)
34 AFG
Remarks: subgen. Juno
Synonyms: hidden
= Juno chlorotica (B.Mathew & Wendelbo) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232(1): 53 (2015)
species :
Iris edomensis Sealy; Kew Bull. 1949: 561 (1950)
Distribution: Jordania (S-Jordania)
34 JOR
Remarks: subgen. Juno
Synonyms: hidden
= Juno edomensis (Sealy) Rodion.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 79(9): 105 (1994), isonym
= Juno edomensis (Sealy) Soják; Cas. Nár. Muz. (Prague), 150(3-4): 138 (1981 publ. 1982)
species :
Iris ensata Thunb.; Trans. Linn. Soc. 2: 328 (1794)
Distribution: Siberia (Yakutia); Russian Far East (Amur, Khabarovsk, Primorye); China (Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Shandong, Zhejiang); North Korea; South Korea; Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu); India [I] (Jammu & Kashmir [I]); Canada [I] (Ontario [I]); USA [I] (Connecticut [I], Maryland [I], North Carolina [I], Pennsylvania [I], Vermont [I])
30 SIB 31 RFE 36 CHI 38 JAP KOR NKO 40 ind 72 cdn 75 usa 78 usa
Remarks: subgen. Limniris
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris caespitosa Borbás; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 28: 364 (1878), nomen
= Iris ensata f. alba Y.N.Lee; Fl. Korea: 1163 (1996), no type indicated.
= Iris ensata var. hortensis (Maxim.) Makino & Nemoto; Fl. Japan, red. ed.: 1590 (1931)
= Iris ensata var. spontanea (Makino) Nakai ex Makino & Nemoto; Fl. Japan, rev. ed.: 1590 (1931)
= Iris graminea Thunb.; Fl. Jap.: 34 (1784), nom. illeg.
= Iris kaempferi Siebold ex Lem.; Ill. Hort. 5: pl. 157 (1858)
= Iris kaempferi var. hortensis (Maxim.) Makino; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 23: 95 (1909)
= Iris kaempferi var. lemoinei Siebold ex Mater; Établ. Introd.: 4 (1872)
= Iris kaempferi var. miquelii Siebold ex Mater; Établ. Introd.: 4 (1872)
= Iris kaempferi var. oudemansii Siebold ex Mater; Établ. Introd.: 4 (1872)
= Iris kaempferi var. seraph W.Bull ex Mast.; Gard. Chron., n.s., 16: 86 (1881)
= Iris kaempferi var. spontanea Makino; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 23(268): 94 (1909)
= Iris laevigata var. hortensis Maxim.; Bull. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg 26: 522 (1880)
= Iris laevigata var. kaempferi (Siebold ex Lem.) Maxim.; Bull. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Petersbourg 26(3): 521-522 (1880)
= Iris pabularia Hasselbr.; L. H. Bailey, Standard Cycl. Hort. 1676 (1915) [in syn.]
= Iris smithii Lynch; Book of the Iris: 68 (1904), pro syn.
= Limniris ensata (Thunb.) Rodion.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 92(4): 552 (2007)
species :
Iris falcifolia Bunge; Mem. Sav. Etr. Petersb. 7: 505 (1847)
Distribution: Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Tajikistan; Iran (NE-Iran: Mts.); Afghanistan (Farah, Helmand, Kandahar, Paktia / Khost); Pakistan (Baluchistan, Quetta)
32 TKM TZK UZB 34 AFG IRN 40 PAK
Remarks: Iris s. str., sect. Oncocyclus
species :
Iris farashae Güner; Güner et al., Türk. Bitkileri List.: 892 (2012)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Remarks: subgen. Juno
species :
Iris farreri Dykes; Gard. Chron., Ser. III. 57: 175 (1915)
Distribution: China (Sichuan, Gansu, Qinghai, Yunnan); Tibet
36 CHI TIB
Remarks: subgen. Cryptobasis
Synonyms: hidden
= Cryptobasis farreri (Dykes) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232(1): 61 (2015)
= Iris maximowiczii Grubov; Trudy Bot. Inst. Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R., Rast. Tsentral. Azii 7: 93 (1977)
= Iris polysticta Diels; Svensk Bot. Tidsskr. 18: 428 (1924)
= Iris songarica var. gracilis Maxim.; Bull. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Petersbourg 26(3): 510-511 (1880)
species :
Iris ferdowsii Joharchi & Memariani; Phytotaxa 291(3): 193 (2017)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
Remarks: Iris s. str., sect. Regelia
species :
Iris fernaldii R.C.Foster; Irid. Sp. Nov. 1 (1938)
Distribution: USA (C-California)
76 USA
Remarks: subgen. Limniris
Synonyms: hidden
= Limniris fernaldii (R.C.Foster) Rodion.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 92(4): 551 (2007)
species :
Iris filifolia Boiss.; Voy. Bot. Midi Esp. 2: 602 (1842)
Distribution: S-Spain; Gibraltar; N-Morocco
12 GIB SPA 20 MOR
Remarks: subgen. Xiphion. X. tingitanum might be a separate species
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris filifolia subvar. latifolia (Baker) Maire; Contr. Étude Fl. Afr. N.: 739 (1929)
= Xiphion filifolium (Boiss.) Klatt; Linnaea 34: 571 (1866)
= Xiphion filifolium var. latifolium Baker; Gard. Chron., n.s., 5: s.p. (1876)
= Xiphion tingitanum Hook.f.; Bot. Mag. 98: t. 5981 (1872), nom. illeg.
species :
Iris florentina L.; Syst. Nat. ed. 10. 2: 863 (1759)
Name: Weiße Schwertlilie (DE); White Iris (EN); Lirio blanco (ES)
Distribution: Portugal [I]; Spain [I]; Gibraltar [I]; France [I]; Isole Pelagie [I] (Lampedusa [I]); Greece [I]; Crete [I]; Morocco [I]; Algeria [I]; Canary Isl. [I] (Gran Canaria [I], Tenerife [I], La Gomera [I], La Palma Isl. [I]); Cape Verde Isl. [I] (Santo Antao Isl. [I]); East Aegaean Isl. [I] ; Turkey [I] (N-Anatolia [I], SSW-Anatolia [I], W-Anatolia [I]); Cyprus [I] (C-Mountains [I]); Yemen [I] (W-Yemen [I])
12 fra gib por spa 13 grc kri pel 20 alg mor 21 cny cvi 34 cyp eai tur 35 yem
Remarks: status uncertain, often treated as hybrid
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris florentina subsp. albicans (Lange) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 255 (1890)
= Iris florentina var. albicans (Lange) Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 16: 146 (1877)
= Iris florentina var. madonna (Dykes) L.H.Bailey; Cycl. Amer. Hort. 2: 1672 (1933)
= Iris majoricensis Barceló; Fl. Baleares: 446 (1881)
= Iris officinalis Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 43 (1796), nom. superfl.
= Iris ×albicans Lange; Vid. Meddel. Dansk Naturh. Foren. Kjobenhavn 1860: 76 (1861)
= Iris ×albicans var. madonna (Sprenger) Dykes; Handb. Iris: 212 (1924)
= Iris ×albicans var. majoricensis (Barceló) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur., Suppl. 2: 294 (1890)
= Iris ×germanica subsp. albicans (Lange) O.Bolòs & Vigo; Fl. Països Catalans 4: 158 (2001)
= Iris ×germanica var. florentina (L.) Dykes; Gen. Iris: 164 (1913)
= Iris ×madonna Sprenger; Bull. Soc. Tosc. Ortic. 17: 130 (1892)
species :
Iris foetidissima L.; Sp. Pl. 39 (1753)
Name: Stinkende Schwertlilie (DE); Lirio hediondo (ES)
Distribution: England; Ireland [I]; Germany [I]; Switzerland [I]; Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; France; Channel Isl.; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; San Marino; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Azores (Santa Maria Isl., Sao Miguel Isl., Graciosa, Faial); Madeira (Madeira Isl.); Canary Isl. (Tenerife, La Palma Isl. La Gomera); Turkey [I]; Australia [I] (Tasmania [I]); New Zealand [I]; Canada [I] (Prince Edward Isl. [I]); USA [I] (California [I])
10 GRB ire 11 ger swi 12 CIS COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 ITA SIC SMA 20 ALG MOR TUN 21 AZO CNY MDR 34 tur 50 aus 51 nzl 72 cdn 76 usa
Remarks: Chamaeiris, sect. Spathula
Synonyms: hidden
= Chamaeiris foetidissima (L.) Medik.; Hist. & Comment. Acad. Elect. Sci. Theod.-Palat. 6: 418 (1790) (sphalm. ´foetida´)
= Iris foetida Thunb.; Iris: 16, 28 (1782), nom. superfl.
= Iris foetidissima var. citrina Bromf.; Phytologist 3: 951 (1848 publ. 1850)
= Iris foetidissima var. flavescens DC.; Lam. & A. DC., Fl. Franç., éd. 3, 6: 328 (1815)
= Iris foetidissima var. livida Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 22: 316 (1931)
= Iris foetidissima var. lutescens Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 22: 316 (1931)
= Iris gaditana Pau; Actas Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 1897: 134 (1897)
= Spathula foetidissima (L.) Fourr.; Ann. Soc. L. Lyon, N. S. 17: 163 (1869)
= Xiphion foetidissimum (L.) Parl.; Nuov. Gen. e Spec. 45 (1854)
= Xyridion foetidissimum (L.) Klatt; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 30: 500 (1872)
= Xyridion foetidissimum (L.) Rodion.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 90(1): 59 (2005), isonym
species :
Iris formosana Ohwi; Acta Phytotax. & Geobot. 3: 115 (1934)
Distribution: NE-Taiwan
38 TAI
Remarks: subgen. Evansia
Synonyms: hidden
= Evansia formosana (Ohwi) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232(1): 54 (2015)
species :
Iris forrestii Dykes; Gard. Chron., ser. 3, 47: 418 (1910)
Distribution: China (Sichuan, Yunnan); Tibet; Myanmar
36 CHI TIB 41 MYA
Remarks: subgen. Limniris
Synonyms: hidden
= Limniris forrestii (Dykes) Rodion.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 92(4): 551 (2007)
= Iris bulleyana f. forrestii (Dykes) Bolt.; Plants [Basel] 10(11)-2232: 15 (2021)
species :
Iris fosteriana Aitch. & Baker; Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 31 1: 114 (1888)
Distribution: C-European Russia [I]; Turkmenistan; Iran (NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran); Afghanistan (Herat)
14 rus 32 TKM 34 AFG IRN
Remarks: subgen. Juno
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris caucasica var. bicolor Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 9: 620 (1884)
= Juno fosteriana (Aitch. & Baker) Rodion.; Rod Iris-Iris L. (Vopr. Mofiol. Biol. Evol. i Sist.) 208 (1961)
species :
Iris fulva Ker Gawl.; Bot. Mag. t. 1496 (1812)
Name: Copper iris, Red Iris
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Kentucky, Louisiana, Missouri, Mississippi, Ohio, Tennessee, Texas)
74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Remarks: subgen. Phaeiris
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris cupraea Pursh; Fl. Amer. Sept. 1: 30 (1814)
= Iris ecristata Alexander; Small & Alexander, Bot. Interpr. Iridac. Pl. Gulf States (Contrib. N. Y. Bot. Gard. No. 327) 337 (1931)
= Iris fulva f. fulvaurea (Small) N.C.Hend.; Bull. Amer. Iris Soc. 293: 80 (1994), nom. inval.
= Iris fulvaurea Small; Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 340 (1931)
= Iris rubescens Raf.; Fl. Ludov.: 20 (1817)
= Limniris fulva (Ker Gawl.) Rodion.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 92(4): 553 (2007)
= Neubeckia fulva (Ker Gawl.) Alef.; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 21: 297 (1863)
= Phaeiris fulva (Ker Gawl.) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232: 59 (2015)
species :
Iris furcata M.Bieb.; Cent. Pl. Ross. 2: t. 51 (1832)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus] (Kartli, Mtiuleti, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti, Javakheti); Armenia; Azerbaijan
33 ARM AZE GEO NCS
Remarks: possibly a synonym of I. aphylla
species :
Iris furseorum T.Hall & Seisums; Bot. Mag. (Kew Mag.) 31(3): 257 (2014)
Distribution: Afghanistan
34 AFG
Remarks: subgen. Juno
Synonyms: hidden
= Juno furseorum (T.Hall & Seisums) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 376(5): 189 (2018)
species :
Iris galatica W.Irving; Garden (London, 1871-1927) 67: 203 (1905)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: subgen. Juno
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris eleonorae Holmboe; Bergens Mus. Aarbog, No. 13, 4
= Iris persica var. galatica (W.Irving) Dykes; Gen. Iris: 191 (1913)
= Iris persica var. purpurea Leichtlin ex Foster; Bulbous Irises: 75 (1892)
= Iris purpurea (Leichtlin ex Foster) Siehe; Allg. Bot. Z. Syst. 11: 115 (1905)
= Iris stenophylla subsp. galatica (W.Irving) Güner; e-Fl. Turkey (Iris): 86 (2021)
= Juno galatica (W.Irving) Rodion.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 79(9): 105 (1994)
= Juno purpurea (Leichtlin ex Foster) Kamelin; Florogenet. Anal. Estest. Fl. Gorn. Sred. Azii: 252 (1973)
species :
Iris gatesii Foster; J. Roy. Hort. Soc. 11: 144 (1889)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq)
34 IRQ TUR
Remarks: Iris s. str., sect. Oncocyclus
species :
Iris giganticaerulea Small; Addisonia 14: 5 (1929)
Name: Giant blue iris
Distribution: USA (Louisiana)
78 USA
Remarks: subgen. Limniris, ser. Hexagonae
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris aurilinea Alexander; Small & Alexander, Bot. Interpr. Iridac. Pl. Gulf States (Contrib. N. Y. Bot. Gard. No. 327) 353 (1931)
= Iris citricristata Small; Small & Alexander Bot. Interpr. Iridac. Pl. Gulf States (Contrib. N. Y. Bot. Gard. No. 327) 353 (1931)
= Iris elephantina Small; Small & Alexander, Bot. Interpr. Iridac. Pl. Gulf States (Contrib. N. Y. Bot. Gard. No. 327) 352 (1931)
= Iris fluviatilis Small; Small & Alexander, Bot. Interpr. Iridac. Pl. Gulf States (Contrib. N. Y. Bot. Gard. No. 327) 353 (1931)
= Iris giganticaerulea f. miraculosa (Small) N.C.Hend.; Bull. Amer. Iris Soc. 293: 80 (1994), nom. inval.
= Iris hexagona var. giganticaerulea (Small) R.C.Foster; Contr. Gray Herb. 119: 50 (1937)
= Iris miraculosa Small; Addisonia 14: 9 (1929)
= Iris venulosa Alexander; Small & Alexander, Bot. Interpr. Iridac. Pl. GulfStates (Contrib. N. Y. Bot. Gard. No. 327) 352 (1931)
= Iris wherryana Small; Small & Alexander, Bot. Interpr. Iridac. Pl. Gulf States (Contrib. N. Y. Bot. Gard. No. 327) 353 (1931)
= Limniris giganticaerulea (Small) Rodion.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 92(4): 553 (2007)
= Phaeiris giganticaerulea (Small) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232: 59 (2015)
species :
Iris glaucescens Bunge; C. F. von Ledeb., Fl. Altaic. 1: 58 (1829)
Distribution: Siberia (Altai, W-Siberia); ?Kazakhstan; Mongolia
30 SIB 37 MON
Remarks: Iris s. str.
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris glaucescens var. elatior Bunge; Ledeb., Fl. Altaic. 1: 59 (1829)
= Iris glaucescens var. humilior Bunge; Ledeb., Fl. Altaic. 1: 59 (1829)
= Iris glaucescens var. longiflora Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 16: 144 (1877)
= Iris longiflora Herb. ex Baker; Gard. Chron., n.s., 6: 709 (1876), nom. illeg.
species :
Iris goniocarpa Baker; Gard. Chron. n. s. 6: 710 (1876)
Distribution: China (Gansu, Hubei, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan); SE-Tibet; Nepal; Bhutan; N-India (Sikkim); Myanmar
36 CHI TIB 40 BHU IND NEP 41 MYA
Remarks: Iris s. str., sect. Pseudoregelia
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris felina Farrer; Gard. Chron., ser. 3, 56: 318 (1914)
= Iris goniocarpa var. tenella Y.T.Zhao; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 18(1): 60 (1980)
= Iris gracilis Maxim.; Bull. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Petersbourg 26(3): 527-528 (1880), nom. illeg.
= Iris pardalino Farrer; Gard. Chron., ser. 3, 56: 318 (1914)
species :
Iris gracilipes A.Gray; Mem. Amer. Acad. N. S. 6: 1858 (1859) 412
Distribution: Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu)
38 JAP
Remarks: Rodionenkoa
Synonyms: hidden
= Evansia gracilipes (A.Gray) Klatt; Abh. Naturf. Ges. Halle 15: 373 (1882)
= Rodionenkoa gracilipes (A.Gray) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232: 66 (2015)
species :
Iris graeberiana Sealy; Bot. Mag., Lond. clxvii. t. 126 (1950)
Distribution: Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan
32 KGZ TZK
Remarks: subgen. Juno
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris zenaidae (Vved.) F.O.Khass. & Rakhimova; Stapfia 97: 178 (2012)
= Juno graeberiana (Sealy) Rodion.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 79(9): 105 (1994), isonym
= Juno graeberiana (Sealy) Soják; Cas. Nár. Muz. (Prague), 150(3-4): 138 (1981 publ. 1982)
= Juno zenaidae Vved.; Opred. Rast. Sred. Azii 2: 322 (1971)
species :
Iris graminea L.; Sp. Pl. 39 (1753)
Name: Gras-Schwertlilie (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Switzerland; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Hungary; N-Spain (mountains); France; Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; ?Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; Ukraine; Northern Caucasus
11 AUT CZE ger HUN POL SWI 12 FRA SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO ITA KOS MNT ROM SLV SRB 14 UKR 33 NCS
Remarks: Chamaeiris
Synonyms: hidden
= Chamaeiris graminea (L.) Medik.; Hist. & Commentat. Acad. Elect. Sci. Theod.-Palat. 6: 418 (1790)
= Chamaeiris graminea subsp. pseudocyperus (Schur) M.B.Crespo; Flora Montiber. 49: 65 (2011)
= Iris bayonnensis Godr.; Gren. & Godr., Fl. France Corse 3: 243 (1855)
= Iris compressa Moench; Methodus: 529 (1794), nom. illeg.
= Iris graminea subsp. sylvatica (Balb.) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 256 (1890)
= Iris graminea var. bayonnensis (Gren. & Godr.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 702 (1882)
= Iris graminea var. latifolia Spach; Hist. Nat. Vég. 13: 30 (1846)
= Iris graminea var. pseudocyperus (Schur) Beck; Ann. K. K. Naturhist. Hofmus. 5: 573 (1890)
= Iris graminea var. silvatica (Ces., Pass. & Gibelli) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 13: 75 (1912)
= Iris graminea var. sylvatica (Balb.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 702 (1882)
= Iris lamprophylla Lange; Bot. Tidssk. 13: 17 (1882)
= Iris nikitensis Lange; Bot. Tidssk. 13: 17 (1882)
= Iris pseudocyperus Schur; Enum. Pl. Transs. 657 (1866)
= Iris pseudograminea Schur; Enum. Pl. Transs. 928, Index (1866)
= Iris suavis Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 44 (1796), nom. superfl.
= Iris sylvatica Balb.; Cat. Stirp. (1813): 44 (1813)
= Limniris graminea (L.) Fuss; Fl. Transs. 637 (1866)
= Xiphion gramineum (L.) Schrank; Flora 7(2 Beibl.): 17 (1824)
= Xiphion gramineum subsp. sylvaticum (Balb.) Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital. 1: 671 (1882)
= Xiphion gramineum var. silvatica Ces., Pass. & Gibelli; Comp. Fl. Ital.: 171 (1882)
= Xyridion gramineum (L.) Klatt; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 30: 500 (1872)
species :
Iris grant-duffii Baker; Handb. Irid. 7 (1892)
Distribution: Israel (Rift Valley); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Syria (coastal W-Syria, C-Syrian Desert, Jbel Druze); Israel (coastal W-Israel, N-Israel)
34 IRQ ISR SYR
Remarks: subgen. Limniris
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris aschersonii Foster; Garden (London, 1871-1927) 1902: 288 (1902)
= Iris melanosticta Bornm.; Gartenflora 56: 495 (1907)
= Syrianthus aschersonii (Foster) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232: 62 (2015)
= Syrianthus grant-duffii (Baker) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232: 62 (2015)
= Syrianthus melanostictus (Bornm.) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232: 63 (2015)
species :
Iris griffithii Baker; Handb. Irid. 32 (1892)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Kunar / Nuristan)
34 AFG
species :
Iris grossheimii Woronow ex Grossh.; Fl. Kavkaza 1: 255 (1928)
Distribution: Armenia; Azerbaijan (Nachichevan)
33 ARM AZE
Remarks: Iris s. str., sect. Oncocyclus
species :
Iris halophila Pall.; Reise Russ. Reich. 3: 713, pl. B, f. 2 (1776)
Distribution: S-Romania; E-Ukraine; Siberia (Altai, W-Siberia); Kazakhstan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; China (Gansu, Xinjiang); Mongolia; Pakistan (Kurram); Java [I]
13 ROM 14 UKR 30 SIB 32 KAZ KGZ TZK UZB 33 NCS 36 CHI 37 MON 40 PAK 42 jaw
Remarks: Chamaeiris, sect. Spuriae
Synonyms: hidden
= Chamaeiris aurea (Link) M.B.Crespo; Flora Montiber. 49: 66 (2011)
= Chamaeiris desertorum (Gueldenst.) Medik.; Hist. & Commentat. Acad. Elect. Sci. Theod.-Palat. 6: 418 (1790)
= Chamaeiris halophila (Pall.) M.B.Crespo; Flora Montiber. 49: 67 (2011)
= Chamaeiris lilacina (Borbás) M.B.Crespo; Flora Montiber. 49: 67 (2011)
= Iris aurea Link; Enum. Hort. Berol. Alt. 1: 59 (1821)
= Iris autumnalis Tausch; Flora 17: 522 (1834)
= Iris desertorum Gueldenst.; Reis. Russland 1: 80 (1787)
= Iris desertorum Moench; Methodus: 529 (1794), nom. illeg.
= Iris diluta M.Bieb.; Cent. Pl. Ross. Merid. 3: t. 81 (1843)
= Iris dubia Poir.; Lam., Encycl., Suppl. 3: 184 (1813)
= Iris erratica Baker; Gard. Chron., n.s., 6: 583 (1876), nom. illeg.
= Iris gawleri Redouté; Liliac. 6: t. 310, corr. 4 (1811)
= Iris gueldenstaedtiana Lepech.; Acta Acad. Sci. Imp. Petrop. 1: 292 (1781 publ. 1784)
= Iris gueldenstaedtiana var. caerulescens Regel; Index Seminum (LE, Petropolitanus) 1862: 28 (1862)
= Iris gueldenstaedtiana var. elatior Regel; Index Seminum (LE, Petropolitanus) 1862: 28 (1862)
= Iris heterophylla Spreng.; Syst. Veg. ed. 16. 4(2): 24 (1827)
= Iris lilacina Borbás; Math. Term. Közlem. 13: 49 (1875)
= Iris pallida Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 44 (1796), nom. illeg.
= Iris salsa Pall.; Reise Russ. Reich. 2: 461 (1773)
= Iris spathulata Willd.; Enum. Pl. Hort. Berol., Suppl.: 4 (1814), nom. illeg.
= Iris spuria subsp. gueldenstaedtiana (Lepech.) Soldano; Thaiszia 4: 121 (1994)
= Iris spuria subsp. halophila (Pall.) B.Mathew & Wendelbo; Fl. Iranica, 112: 23 (1975)
= Iris spuria subsp. halophila (Pall.) D.A.Webb & Chater; Bot. Jour. Linn. Soc. 76: 315 (1978), isonym
= Iris spuria var. desertorum (Gueldenst.) Sims; Bot. Mag. 28: t. 1131 (1808)
= Iris spuria var. halophila (Pall.) Dykes; Gen. Iris 62 (1913), isonym
= Iris spuria var. halophila (Pall.) Sims; Bot. Mag. 28: t. 1131 (1803)
= Iris stenogyna Redouté; Liliac. 6: t. 310 (1811)
= Iris wittmaniana Baker; Gard. Chron., n.s., 6: 583 (1876)
= Xiphion gueldenstaedtianum (Lepech.) Schrank; Flora 7(2 Beibl.): 18 (1824)
= Xiphion ochroleucum Schrank; Flora 7(2 Beibl.): 18 (1824)
= Xiphion stenogynum (Redouté) Alef.; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 21: 297 (1863)
= Xyridion aureum (Link) Klatt; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 30: 501 (1872)
= Xyridion gueldenstaedtianum (Lepech.) Klatt; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 30: 501 (1872)
= Xyridion halophilum (Pall.) Klatt; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 30: 500 (1872)
= Xyridion stenogynum (Redouté) Klatt; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 30: 500 (1872)
variant :
var. sogdiana (Bunge) Skeels; Bull. Bur. Pl. Industr. U.S.D.A. 223: 61 (1911)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Iran; Afghanistan (Baghlan, Bamyan, Parwan); ?China (?Gansu, ?Xinjiang); Pakistan
32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 34 AFG IRN 40 PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Chamaeiris sogdiana (Bunge) M.B.Crespo; Flora Montiber. 49: 68 (2011)
= Iris gueldenstaedtiana var. sogdiana (Bunge) Maxim.; Bull. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg, sér. 3, 26: 518 (1880)
= Iris halophila var. sogdiana (Bunge) Grubov; Novosti Sist. Vyss. Rast. 1969: 30 (1970), isonym
= Iris sogdiana Bunge; Mem. Sav. Etr. Petersb. 7: 507 (1847), et Mem. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.-Petersbourg Divers Savans 7: 507 (1851)
= Iris spuria subsp. sogdiana (Bunge) B.Mathew; Iris: 118 (1981)
= Iris spuria var. sogdiana (Bunge) Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 16: 140 (1877)
= Xyridion sogdianum (Bunge) Nevski; Acta Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS, Ser. I. Fasc. 4, 331 (1937)
species :
Iris hartwegii Baker; Gard. Chron. (1876) II. 323
Name: Rainbow iris
Distribution: USA (California)
76 USA
Remarks: subgen. Limniris
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris hartwegii subsp. australis (Parish) L.W.Lenz; Aliso 4: 35 (1958)
= Iris hartwegii subsp. columbiana L.W.Lenz; Aliso 4: 37 (1958)
= Iris hartwegii subsp. pinetorum (Eastw.) L.W.Lenz; Aliso 4: 40 (1958)
= Iris hartwegii var. australis Parish; Erythea 6: 86 (1898)
= Iris pinetorum Eastw.; Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. Ser. IV. 20: 137 (1931)
= Iris tenax var. australis (Parish) R.C.Foster; Contr. Gray Herb. 119: 19 (1937)
= Limniris australis (Parish) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232: 56 (2015)
= Limniris columbiana (L.W.Lenz) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232: 56 (2015)
= Limniris hartwegii (Baker) Rodion.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 92(4): 551 (2007)
= Limniris pinetorum (Eastw.) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232: 56 (2015)
species :
Iris haussknechtii Bornm.; Pl. exsicc. Anatol. n. (1864) ex Baker, Handb. Irid. (1892) 4
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, W-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: Chamaeiris, sect. Spuriae
Synonyms: hidden
= Chamaeiris haussknechtii (Bornm. ex Baker) M.B.Crespo; Flora Montiber. 49: 67 (2011)
= Iris graminifolia Freyn; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 44: 326 (1894), nom. illeg.
= Iris kerneriana Asch. & Sint. ex Baker; Handb. Irid. 16 (1892)
= Iris kerneriana Asch. & Sint. ex Dykes; Gen. Iris: 70 (1913), nom. superfl.
= Xyridion kernerianum (Asch. & Sint. ex Baker) Rodion.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 90(1): 58 (2005), comb. inval.
species :
Iris haynei Baker; Gard. Chron. ser. 2, 1876: 710 (1876)
Distribution: Israel (N-Israel)
34 ISR
Remarks: Iris s. str., sect. Oncocyclus
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris biggeri Dinsm.; G. E. Post, Fl. Syria, ed. 2, 2: 599 (1933)
species :
Iris hellenica Mermygkas, Kit Tan & Yannits.; Phytol. Balcan. 16(2): 264 (2010)
Distribution: Greece (Peloponnisos: Mt. Killini, Mt. Chelmos, Sterea Ellas: Mt. Iti)
13 GRC
species :
Iris henryi Baker; Handb. Irid. (1892) 6
Distribution: China (Anhui, Gansu, Hunan, Sichuan, Hubei)
36 CHI
Remarks: subgen. Limniris
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris gracilipes Pamp.; Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital., n. s. 22(2): 269-270 (1915)
= Limniris henryi (Baker) Rodion.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 92(4): 553 (2007)
= Zhaoanthus henryi (Baker) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232: 60 (2015)
species :
Iris heracleana (J.Mart.Rodr. & M.B.Crespo) T.Hall; Brit. Iris Soc. Newslett. 16 (2014)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Remarks: subgen. Xiphion
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris heracleana (J.Mart.Rodr. & M.B.Crespo) Fennane; Fl. Prat. Maroc 3: 427 (2014), isonym
= Xiphion heracleanum J.Mart.Rodr. & M.B.Crespo; Nordic J. Bot. 31(1): 90 (2013)
species :
Iris hermona Dinsm.; Post, Fl. Syr. Pal. Sin. ed. 2, 2: 596 (1933)
Distribution: Lebanon (Antilebanon); Israel (N-Israel)
34 ISR LEB
Remarks: Iris s. str., sect. Oncocyclus
species :
Iris heweri Grey-Wilson & B.Mathew; Iris Year Book. 1973: 106, 117 (1973), without latin descr. or type; et in Kew Bull. 29(1): 67 (1974), validly publ.
Distribution: Afghanistan (Baghlan, Takhar)
34 AFG
Remarks: Iris s. str., sect. Regelia
species :
Iris hexagona Walter; Fl. Carol.: 66 (1788)
Distribution: USA (South Carolina, Florida)
78 USA
Remarks: subgen. Limniris
Synonyms: hidden
= Limniris hexagona (Walter) Rodion.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 92: 552 (2007)
= Phaeiris hexagona (Walter) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232: 59 (2015)
species :
Iris hippolyti (Vved.) Kamelin; A. L. Takhtadzhyan edit., Redkie Izchez. Vidy Fl. S.S.S.R. (Rare & Vanishing Pl. USSR), ed. 2: 102 (1981)
Distribution: Uzbekistan
32 UZB
Remarks: subgen. Juno, sect. Wendelboa
Synonyms: hidden
= Juno hippolyti Vved.; Fl. Uzbekist., ed. Schreder 1: 519, 545 (1941)
species :
Iris histrio Rchb.f.; Bot. Zeitung 30: 488 (1872)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia); Lebanon (C-Lebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (N-Israel)
34 ISR LEB SYR TUR
Remarks: subgen. Iridodictyum
Synonyms: hidden
= Iridodictyum histrio (Rchb.f.) Rodion.; Rod Iris-Iris L. (Vopr. Morfiol. Biol. Evol. i Sist.) 202 (1961)
= Iris libani Reut. ex Baker; Gard. Chron. (1876) I. 559
= Iris reticulata var. histrio (Rchb.f.) Foster; Bulbous Irises: 57 (1892)
= Xiphion histrio (Rchb.f.) Hook.f.; Bot. Mag. 99: t. 6033 (1873)
species :
Iris histrioides (G.F.Wilson) Arn.; J. Hort. ser. 3, 24: 121, f. 18 (1892)
Distribution: Turkey (N-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: subgen. Iridodictyum
Synonyms: hidden
= Iridodictyum histrioides (G.F.Wilson) Nothdurft; Taxon 18: 600 (1969)
= Iris reticulata var. histrioides G.F.Wilson; Gard. Chron. ser. 3, 9: 117 (1891)
species :
Iris hoelleri Jílek; Acta Geo. Silesiana 14: 43 (2013)
Distribution: Kyrgyzstan
32 KGZ
Remarks: subgen. Juno. Provisionally accepted name
species :
Iris hoogiana Dykes; Gard. Chron., Ser. III. 60: 216 (1916)
Distribution: Uzbekistan; Tajikistan
32 TZK UZB
Remarks: Iris s. str., sect. Regelia
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris splendens O.Fedtsch.; Bull. Jard. Bot. Princ. URSS 23: 111 (1924), nomen
species :
Iris hookeri Penny ex G.Don; Loudon Hort. Brit. Suppl. 1: 591 (1832)
Name: Canada beachhead iris
Distribution: Canada (Labrador, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Isl., Québec); St. Pierre et Miquelon; USA (Maine, New Hampshire)
72 CDN SPM 75 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris canadensis (Foster) Peckham; Iris Check List, ed. Peckham (Amer. Iris Soc.) 71 (1929)
= Iris hookeri f. pallidiflora (Fernald) Fernald; Rhodora 49: 210 (1947)
= Iris hookeri f. zonalis (Eames) Fernald; Rhodora 49: 210 (1947)
= Iris setosa f. pallidiflora Fernald; Rhodora 28: 168 (1926)
= Iris setosa f. zonalis Eames; Rhodora 11: 91 (1909)
= Iris setosa subsp. canadensis (Foster ex B.L.Rob. & Fernald) Hultén
= Iris setosa subsp. pygmaea C.E.Lundstr.; Acta Horti Berg. 5(3): 22 (1914)
= Iris setosa var. canadensis Foster; Rhodora 5: 158 (1903)
= Iris tripetala Hook.; Bot. Mag. 56: t. 2886 (1829), nom. illeg.
= Limniris hookeri (Penny ex G.Don) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232: 56 (2015)
= Xiphion tripetalum Alef.; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 21: 297 (1863), nom. superfl.
species :
Iris hookeriana Foster; Gard. Chron. (1887) 1: 611; Baker, in Bot. Mag. (1893) t. 7276
Distribution: Tibet; Pakistan (Chitral, Swat, Gilgit, Astor, Azad Kashmir); NW-India (Jammu & Kashmir)
36 TIB 40 IND PAK
Remarks: Iris s. str., sect. Pseudoregelia
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris gilgitensis Baker ex Hook.f.; Fl. Brit. India 6: 264 (1892)
= Iris kemaonensis var. caulescens Baker; Handb. Irid.: 25 (1892)
species :
Iris humilis Georgi; Reise Russ. Reich. 1: 196 (1775)
Name: Niedrige Schwertlilie
Distribution: Austria; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Romania; C-European Russia; S-European Russia; Ukraine; Siberia (Altai, Buryatia, Chita, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva, W-Siberia, Yakutia); Russian Far East (Amur, Khabarovsk, Primorye); Kazakhstan; Mongolia; China (Heilongjiang, Jilin, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Xinjiang)
11 AUT CZE HUN SLO 13 ROM 14 RUS UKR 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ 36 CHI 37 MON
Remarks: Iris s. str., sect. Psammiris. Iris arenaria (eastern Europe) is sometimes kept separate.
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris arenaria f. phyllospatha Borbás; Magyar Homokp. Növ.: 74 (1886)
= Iris arenaria subsp. borzaeana Prodan; Bul. Grad. Bot. Univ. Cluj 14: 150 (1935)
= Iris arenaria subsp. orientalis (Ugr.) Lavrenko; Fl. URSS 1: 324 (1935)
= Iris arenaria Waldst. & Kit.; Descr. Icon. Pl. Hung. 1: 57 (1802)
= Iris borzaeana (Prodan) Prodan; Bul. Grad. & Muz. Bot. Univ. Cluj 14: 152 (1935) (1934)
= Iris dahurica Herb. ex Klatt; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 30: 514 (1872), nom. inval.
= Iris flavissima f. orientalis Ugr.; Trudy Obshch. Isp. Prir. Imp. Khar´kovsk. Univ. 40(4): 317 (1911)
= Iris flavissima Pall.; Reise Russ. Reich. 3: 715 (1776)
= Iris flavissima subsp. transuralensis Ugr.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 14: 16 (1922)
= Iris humilis f. foliata Kuntze; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 10: 241 (1887)
= Iris humilis f. phyllospatha (Borbás) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung., 16(3-4): 366 (1970 publ. 1971)
= Iris humilis lusus ochroleuca Priszter; R. Soó, Magyar Fl. Veg. 6: 185 (1980)
= Iris humilis subsp. arenaria (Waldst. & Kit.) Á.Löve & D.Löve; Bot. Not. 114: 51 (1961)
= Iris humilis subsp. orientalis (Ugr.) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung., 16(3-4): 366 (1970 publ. 1971)
= Iris humilis var. borzaeana (Prodan) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung., 16(3-4): 366 (1970 publ. 1971)
= Iris pineticola Klokov; Fl. RSS Ucr. 3: 407 (1950)
species :
Iris hymenospatha B.Mathew & Wendelbo; Rech.f., Fl. Iranica 112: 56, t.6, f. 10 & t. 20, f. 3 (1975)
subspecies :
subsp. hymenospatha
Distribution: Iraq (NW-Iraq); Iran (EC-Iran, W-Iran)
34 IRN IRQ
Remarks: subgen. Juno
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris hymenospatha B.Mathew & Wendelbo ex Grey-Wilson; Iris Year Book, 1973: 108 (1973). without type or latin descr.
= Iris persica var. isaacsonii Foster; Bulbous Irises: 34, 76 (1892)
= Juno hymenospatha (B.Mathew & Wendelbo) Rodion.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 79(9): 105 (1994), isonym
= Juno hymenospatha (B.Mathew & Wendelbo) Soják; Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(2): 79 (1979 publ. 1980)
subspecies :
subsp. leptoneura B.Mathew & Wendelbo; Fl. Iranica, 112: 57 (1975)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Juno leptoneura (B.Mathew & Wendelbo) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232(1): 54 (2015)
species :
Iris iberica Hoffm.; Comm. Soc. Phys. Mosq. 1: 41 (1803)
subspecies :
subsp. iberica
Distribution: Georgia [Caucasus] (Kartli, Gardabani); Azerbaijan; Turkey (E-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Iran (NW-Iran: Iranian Azerbaijan, W-Iran)
33 AZE GEO 34 IRN IRQ TUR
Remarks: Iris s. str., sect. Oncocyclus
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris georgica Gueldenst.; Reis. Russland 1: 420 (1787), nom. nud.
= Iris iberica f. coerulea Grossh.; Izv. Azerbaidzhansk. Fil. 10: 33 (1944)
= Iris iberica var. robusta Sosn.; Sakharthw. S.S.R. Mec´niereb. Akad. Moambe 2: 650 (1941)
= Oncocyclus ibericus (Steven) Siemssen; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 4: 708 (1846)
subspecies :
subsp. elegantissima (Sosn.) Fed. & Takht.; Takhtadzhyan & Fedorov. Fl. Erevana: 331 (1972)
Distribution: Armenia; Azerbaijan (Nachichevan); Turkey (E-Anatolia); W-Iran
33 ARM AZE 34 IRN TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris elegantissima Sosn.; Monit. Jard. Bot. Tiflis, Ann. 11: 2 (1915)
= Iris speciosissima Filippov; Vestn. Tiflissk. Bot. Sada 13: 48 (1917)
species :
Iris imbricata Lindl.; Edwards´s Bot. Reg. (1845) t. 35
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Azerbaijan; NW-Iran
33 ARM AZE NCS 34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris concolor Baker; Gard. Chron., n.s., 6: 774 (1876)
= Iris obtusifolia Baker; Bot. Mag. t. 7701 (1900)
= Iris sulphurea K.Koch; Linnaea 21: 637 (1848)
= Iris talischi Sprenger; Bull. Soc. Tosc. Ortic. 1901: 328 (1901)
species :
Iris inconspicua (Vved.) T.Hall & Seisums; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 167(3): 300 (2011)
Distribution: Kazakhstan
32 KAZ
Remarks: subgen. Juno
Synonyms: hidden
= Juno inconspicua Vved.; Opred. Rast. Sred. Azii 2: 321 (1971)
species :
Iris innominata L.F.Hend.; Rhodora 32: 23 (1930)
Name: Del Norte County iris
Distribution: USA (SW-Oregon, N-California)
73 USA 76 USA
Remarks: subgen. Limniris
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris tenax subsp. innominata (L.F.Hend.) Q.D.Clarkson; Madroño 15: 122 (1959)
= Limniris innominata (L.F.Hend.) Rodion.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 92(4): 551 (2007)
species :
Iris japonica Thunb.; Trans. Linn. Soc. London 2: 327-328 (1794)
Distribution: La Réunion [I]; China (Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang); Tibet; Japan (Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu); India (Jammu & Kashmir); Myanmar (Kachin); Laos
29 reu 36 CHI TIB 38 JAP 40 IND 41 LAO MYA
Remarks: subgen. Evansia
Synonyms: hidden
= Evansia chinensis (Curtis) Salisb.; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 1: 303 (1812)
= Evansia fimbriata (Vent.) Decne.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 20: 302 (1873)
= Evansia japonica (Thunb.) Klatt; Abh. Naturf. Ges. Halle 12: 373 (1882)
= Iris chinensis Curtis; Bot. Mag. t. 373 (1797)
= Iris fimbriata Vent.; Descr. Pl. Nouv. t. 9 (1800)
= Iris japonica f. pallescens P.L.Chiu & Y.T.Zhao; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 18(1): 58(1980)
= Iris squalens Thunb.; Fl. Jap.: 33 (1784), nom. illeg.
= Moraea fimbriata (Vent.) Loisel.; Herb. Gén. Amat. 6: 412 (1822)
= Xiphion fimbriatum (Vent.) Alef.; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 21: 297 (1863)
species :
Iris juncea Poir.; Voy. Barbarie 2: 85 (1789); Desf., Fl. Atlant. 1: 39
Distribution: Italy [I]; Sicily; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya
13 ita SIC 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN
Remarks: subgen. Xiphion
Synonyms: hidden
= Diaphane stylosa Salisb.; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 1: 305 (1812), nom. superfl.
= Iris mauritanica Ker Gawl.; Ann. Bot. (König & Sims) 1: 244 (1805)
= Xiphion junceum (Poir.) Klatt; Linnaea 34: 570 (1865 publ. 1866), isonym
= Xiphion junceum (Poir.) Parl.; Fl. Ital. 3: 304 (1858)
= Xiphion junceum Klatt; Linnaea 34: 570 (1866), nom. illeg.
species :
Iris junonia Schott; Oesterr. Bot. Wochenbl. 4: 209 (1854)
Distribution: Turkey (SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Iris, Sect. Pogon
species :
Iris junzifengensis S.P.Chen, Xin Y.Chen & Liang Ma; J. Trop. Subtrop. Bot. 30(2): 268 (2022)
Distribution: China (Fujian)
36 CHI
species :
Iris kamelinii Alexeeva; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 38: 116 (2006)
Distribution: Siberia (Altai); Mongolia
30 SIB 37 MON
Remarks: Iris s. str., sect. Psammiris
species :
Iris kashmiriana Baker; Gard. Chron. ser. 2, 8: 744 (1877)
Distribution: Iran (S-Iran); Afghanistan [I]; Pakistan (Chitral); NW-India (Jammu & Kashmir)
34 afg IRN 40 IND PAK
Remarks: Subgen. Iris, Sect. Pogon
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris bartonii Foster; Gard. Chron. ser. 2, 19: 275 (1883)
species :
Iris kemaonensis D.Don ex Royle; Ill. Bot. Himal. 1.: 372 (1839)
Distribution: ?China (?Yunnan); Tibet; Pakistan (Chitral, Astor); Nepal; Bhutan; N-India (Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Uttarakhand); N-Myanmar
36 TIB 40 BHU IND NEP PAK 41 MYA
Remarks: Iris s. str., sect. Pseudoregelia
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris duthiei Foster; Gard. Chron. (1887) 1: 611
= Iris kamaonensis Wall.; Numer. List.: 177, n. 5052 1831 (1832), nom. nud.
= Iris kingiana Foster; Gard. Chron. 1887 (1) : 611 (1887)
= Iris tigrina Jacquem. ex Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 16: 144 (1877)
= Iris tigrina Jacquem. ex Hook.f.; Fl. Brit. India 6: 274 (1892). in syn.
species :
Iris keredjensis Parsa; Kew Bull. 4: 4: 33 (1949)
Distribution: Iran (EC-Iran)
34 IRN
Remarks: Iris s. str., sect. Oncocyclus)
species :
Iris khassanovii Tojibaev & Turginov; Phytotaxa 158(3): 224 (2014)
Distribution: Uzbekistan; Tajikistan
32 TZK UZB
Remarks: subgen. Juno
Synonyms: hidden
= Juno khassanovii (Tojibaev & Turginov) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232(1): 53 (2015)
species :
Iris kirkwoodiae Chaudhary; Bot. Notiser. 125(4): 499 (1972)
subspecies :
subsp. kirkwoodiae
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia); Syria (W-Syrian Mountains)
34 SYR TUR
Remarks: Iris s. str., sect. Oncocyclus
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris kirkwoodiae var. macrotepala Chaudhary, G.Kirkw. & C.Weymouth; Bot. Not. 128: 387 (1975 publ. 1976)
subspecies :
subsp. calcarea Chaudhary, G.Kirkw. & C.Weymouth; Bot. Notiser 128(4): 388 (1975 publ. 1976)
Distribution: Syria
34 SYR
species :
Iris kobayashii Kitag.; J. Jap. Bot. 9(4): 294-295 (1933)
Distribution: China (S-Liaoning)
36 CHI
Remarks: subgen. Cryptobasis
Synonyms: hidden
= Cryptobasis kobayashii (Kitag.) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232(1): 61 (2015)
species :
Iris kolpakowskiana Regel; Act. Hort. Petrop. 5: 263 (1877), 634
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan
32 KAZ KGZ UZB
Remarks: subgen. Alatavia
Synonyms: hidden
= Alatavia kolpakowskiana (Regel) Rodion.; Signa 58: 3026 (1997), generic name not validly publ.
= Iridodictyum kolpakowskianum (Regel) Rodion.; Rod Iris-Iris L. (Vopr. Morfol. Biol. Evol. i Sist.) 202 (1961)
= Iris kolpakowskiana subsp. occinica Ruksans; Int. Rock Gard. 112: 21, figs. 20-26 (2019)
= Xiphion kolpakowskianum (Regel) Baker; Bot. Mag. t. 6489 (1880)
species :
Iris koreana Nakai; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 13: 248 (1914)
Distribution: South Korea
38 KOR
Remarks: subgen. Zhaoanthus
Synonyms: hidden
= Limniris koreana (Nakai) Rodion.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 92(4): 553 (2007)
= Zhaoanthus koreanus (Nakai) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232: 60 (2015)
species :
Iris korolkowii Regel; Act. Hort. Petrop. 2: 432 (1873)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Afghanistan (Badakshan)
32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 34 AFG
Remarks: Iris s. str., sect. Regelia
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris korolkowii var. concolor Foster; Gard. Chron., ser. 3, 4: 37 (1888)
= Iris korolkowii var. leichtliniana Foster; Gard. Chron., ser. 3, 4: 37 (1888)
= Iris korolkowii var. venosa Foster; Gard. Chron., ser. 3, 4: 37 (1888)
= Iris korolkowii var. violacea Foster; Gard. Chron., ser. 3, 4: 37 (1888)
species :
Iris koyuncui Firat; Phytotaxa 263(1): 52 (2016)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Remarks: subgen. Juno
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris pseudocaucasica subsp. koyuncui (Firat) Güner; e-Fl. Turkey (Iris): 96 (2021)
= Juno koyuncui (Firat) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 376(5): 189 (2018)
species :
Iris kurbanovii F.O.Khass. & Rakhimova; Stapfia 97: 177 (2012), nom. nov.
Distribution: Turkmenistan; Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran); Afghanistan (Badghys, Bamyan, Ghazni, Ghorat, Herat, Wardak)
32 TKM 34 AFG IRN
Remarks: subgen. Juno, sect. Physocaulon
Synonyms: hidden
= Iridodictyum kopetdaghense Kurbanov; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 83(6): 110 (1998)
= Iris kopetdagensis (Vved.) B.Mathew & Wendelbo; Fl. Iranica, 112: 61 (1975)
= Juno kopetdagensis Vved.; Kom., Fl. URSS 4: 575 (1935), in syn., et Consp. Fl. Asiae Mediae 2: 322 (1971)
species :
Iris kuschakewiczii B.Fedtsch.; Bull. Jard. Bot. Petersb. 5: 158 (1905)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan
32 KAZ KGZ
Remarks: subgen. Juno
Synonyms: hidden
= Juno kuschakewiczii (B.Fedtsch.) Poljak.; Fl. Kazakhst. 2: 249 (1958)
species :
Iris kuschkensis Grey-Wilson & B.Mathew; Iris Year Book, 1973: 107, 117 (1973), without latin descr.; et in Kew Bull. 29(1): 67 (1974), with latin descr.
Distribution: Afghanistan (Herat)
34 AFG
Remarks: Iris s. str., sect. Regelia
species :
Iris lactea Pall.; Reise Russ. Reich. 3: 713 (1776)
Distribution: Siberia (Altai, Buryatia, Chita, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva); Russian Far East (Primorye); Kazakhstan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; China (Anhui, Gansu, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Jiangsu, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang); Tibet; Mongolia; North Korea; South Korea; Afghanistan; Pakistan (Baluchistan, Chitral, Gilgit, Baltistan); NW-India (Jammu & Kashmir)
30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ KGZ TZK UZB 34 AFG 36 CHI TIB 37 MON 38 KOR NKO 40 IND PAK
Remarks: subgen. Eremiris
Synonyms: hidden
= Eremiris biglumis (Vahl) Doronkin; Baikov, Konspekt Fl. Aziatsk. Rossii: 458 (2012)
= Eremiris lactea (Pall.) Rodion.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 91(11): 1708 (2006)
= Eremiris pallasii (Fisch. ex Trevir.) Doronkin; Baikov, Konspekt Fl. Aziatsk. Rossii: 459 (2012)
= Iris biglumis Vahl; Enum. Pl. Obs. 2: 149 (1805)
= Iris caricifolia Pall. ex Link; Jahrb. Gewächsk. 1(3): 72 (1820)
= Iris doniana Spach; Hist. Nat. Vég. 13: 34 (1846)
= Iris ensata var. grandiflora Dykes; Gen. Iris: 88 (1913)
= Iris ensata var. pabularia (Naudin ex Ermens) Wittm.; Gartenflora 47: 369 (1898)
= Iris ensata var. pallasii (Fisch. ex Trevir.) Maxim.; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada, prepr. 6: 496 (1879)
= Iris fragrans Lindl.; Edwards´s Bot. Reg. 26: t. 1 (1840), nom. illeg.
= Iris haematophylla Fisch. ex Link; Enum. Hort. Berol. Alt. 1: 60 (1821)
= Iris iliensis Poljakov; Bot. Mater. Gerb. Bot. Inst. Acad. Nauk S.S.S.R. 12: 88 (1950)
= Iris lactea f. biglumis (Vahl) Kitag.; Rep. Inst. Sci. Res. Manchoukuo 4(7): 114 (1940)
= Iris lactea var. biglumis (Vahl) Koidz.; Fl. Symb. Orient.-Asiat.: 48 (1930)
= Iris moorcroftiana Wall.; Numer. List no. 5021 (1831) ex D. Don, Trans. Linn. Soc. London 18: 315 (1841)
= Iris longifolia Royle ex D.Don; Royle, Ill. Bot. Himal. Mts. 1: 372 (1839), nom. illeg.
= Iris longispatha Fisch. ex Sims; Bot. Mag. 52: t. 2528 (1824)
= Iris oxypetala C.A.Mey.; Ind. Pl. Mus. Acad. Petrop. 2: 8 (1834), nom. illeg., non Bunge
= Iris pabularia Naudin ex Ermens; Bull. Soc. Natl. Acclim. France, sér. 4, 5: 698 (1888)
= Iris pallasii Fisch. ex Trevir.; Index Seminum (WRSL) 1821: s. p. (1821)
= Iris sibirica subsp. triflora (Balb.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 702 (1882)
= Iris triflora Balb.; Misc. Bot.: 6, t. 1 (1803)
= Joniris biglumis (Vahl) Klatt; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 30: 502 (1872)
= Joniris doniana (Spach) Klatt; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 30: 502 (1872)
= Joniris fragrans Klatt; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 30: 502 (1872)
= Joniris longifolia Klatt; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 30: 502 (1872)
= Joniris longispatha (Fisch. ex Sims) Klatt; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 30: 502 (1872)
= Joniris pallasii (Fisch. ex Trevir.) Klatt; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 30: 502 (1872)
= Joniris triflora (Balb.) Klatt; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 30: 502 (1872)
= Limniris lactea (Pall.) Peruzzi, F.Conti & Bartolucci; Inform. Bot. Ital. 46(2): 276 (2014)
= Xiphion donianum (Spach) Alef.; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 21: 297 (1863)
= Xiphion pallasii (Fisch. ex Trevir.) Alef.; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 21: 297 (1863)
= Xiphion triflorum (Balb.) Alef.; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 21: 297 (1863)
form :
f. chrysantha (Y.T.Zhao) Bolt.; Phytotaxa 383: 288 (2018)
Distribution: Tibet
36 TIB
Synonyms: hidden
= Eremiris lactea var. chrysantha (Y.T.Zhao) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232(1): 58 (2015)
= Iris lactea var. chrysantha Y.T.Zhao; Bull. Bot. Lab. N.-E. Forest. Inst., Harbin 9: 76 (1980)
species :
Iris lacustris Nutt.; Gen. Am. 1: 23 (1818)
Name: Dwarf lake iris
Distribution: Canada (Ontario); USA (Michigan, Wisconsin)
72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA
Remarks: Lophiris
Synonyms: hidden
= Evansia lacustris (Nutt.) Klatt; Abh. Naturf. Ges. Halle 12: 373 (1882)
= Iris cristata subsp. lacustris (Nutt.) Iltis; Trans. Wisconsin Acad. Sci. 54: 322 (1965)
= Iris cristata var. lacustris (Nutt.) Dykes; Gen. Iris: 106 (1913)
= Iris lacustris f. albiflora Cruise & Catling; Rhodora 74: 271 (1972)
= Lophiris lacustris (Nutt.) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232: 66 (2015)
species :
Iris laevigata Fisch.; Index Seminum (LE, Petropolitanus) 5: 36 (1839)
Distribution: Siberia (Buryatia, Chita, Irkutsk, Yakutia); Russian Far East (Amur, Khabarovsk, Kuril Isl., Primorye, Sakhalin); NE-China (Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Yunnan); North Korea; South Korea; Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu); New Zealand [I]; USA [I] (Connecticut [I])
30 SIB 31 RFE 36 CHI 38 JAP KOR NKO 51 nzl 75 usa
Remarks: subgen. Limniris, ser. Laevigatae
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris albopurpurea Baker; Bot. Mag. 122: t. 7511 (1896)
= Iris albopurpurea var. alba Makino; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 14: 61 (1900)
= Iris albopurpurea var. bakeri Makino; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 14: 61 (1900)
= Iris gmelinii Ledeb.; Denkschr. Königl.-Baier. Bot. Ges. Regensburg 3: 48 (1841)
= Iris itsihatsi Hassk.; Cat. Hort. Bot. Bogor. Alt.: 35 (1844)
= Iris laevigata f. albopurpurea (Baker) Makino; Ill. Fl. Japan: 714 (1940)
= Iris laevigata f. leucantha Makino & Nob.Tanaka; Fl. Jap. (Iwatsuki et al., eds.) 4b: 184 (2016)
= Iris laevigata var. alba Ling Wang, L.Su & F.J.Shang; Novon 25(1): 111 (2016)
= Iris laevigata var. albopurpurea (Baker) Takeda ex Makino; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 23(268): 95 (1909)
= Iris phragmitetorum Hand.-Mazz.; Anz. Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 62: 241 (1925)
= Iris versicolor Thunb.; Fl. Jap.: 34 (1784), nom. illeg.
= Limniris laevigata (Fisch.) Rodion.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 92: 552 (2007), with incorrect basionym ref.
= Limniris phragmitetorum (Hand.-Mazz.) Rodion.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 92(4): 551 (2007)
= Xyridion laevigatum (Fisch.) Klatt; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 30: 500 (1872)
species :
Iris latistyla Y.T.Zhao; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 18(1): 61 (1980)
Distribution: SE-Tibet
36 TIB
Remarks: subgen. Evansia
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris latistyla f. albiflora Jian Luo; Acta Bot. Boreal.-Occid. Sin. 36(5): 1043 (2016)
= Junopsis latistyla (Y.T.Zhao) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232(1): 55 (2015)
species :
Iris lazica Albov; Prodr. Fl. Colch. (1895) 232
Distribution: Georgia [Caucasus] (Guria, Adzharia); Turkey (N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia)
33 GEO 34 TUR
Remarks: Siphonostylis
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris cretensis f. latifolia Lipsky; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 13: 339 (1894)
= Iris unguicularis var. lazica (Albov) Dykes; Gen. Iris: 54 (1913)
= Siphonostylis lazica (Albov) Wern.Schulze; Oesterr. Bot. Z. cxii. 339 (1965)
species :
Iris leptophylla Lingelsh.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 12: 325 (1922)
Distribution: China (Gansu, Sichuan)
36 CHI
Remarks: subgen. Evansia
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris sichuanensis Y.T.Zhao; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 18(1): 59 (1980)
= Junopsis leptophylla (Lingelsh. ex H.Limpr.) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232: 55 (2015)
species :
Iris leptorrhiza (Vved.) Vved.; Byull. Sredne-Aziatsk. Gosud. Univ. 21: 151. (1935), in syn.
Distribution: Tajikistan
32 TZK
Remarks: subgen. Juno, sect. Physocaulon
Synonyms: hidden
= Juno leptorrhiza Vved.; Byull. Sredne-Aziatsk. Gosud. Univ. 21: 151 (1935)
species :
Iris lineata Foster ex Regel; Gartenflora 36: 201 (1887), t. 1244
Distribution: Tajikistan; Afghanistan (Takhar)
32 TZK 34 AFG
Remarks: Iris s. str., sect. Regelia
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris karategina B.Fedtsch.; Kom., Fl. URSS 4: 542 (1925) nom. inval.
species :
Iris linifolia (Regel) O.Fedtsch.; Bull. Jard. Bot. Petersb. 5: 159 (1905)
Distribution: Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan
32 KGZ TZK UZB
Remarks: subgen. Juno, sect. Wendelboa
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris caucasica var. linifolia Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 8: 678 (1884)
= Juno linifolia (Regel) Vved.; Byull. Sredne-Aziatsk. Gosud. Univ. 21: 152 (1935)
species :
Iris linifoliiformis (Khalk.) Tojibaev & Turginov; Phytotaxa 158(3): 228 (2014)
Distribution: Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan
32 KGZ UZB
Remarks: subgen. Juno
Synonyms: hidden
= Juno linifoliiformis Khalk.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 70(12): 1693 (1985)
species :
Iris loczyi Kanitz; Fl. Exped. Szechenyi in As. Centr. Coll. 58, pl. 6, f. 2 (1891)
Distribution: Siberia (Tuva); Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Iran (NE-Iran: Mts.); Afghanistan (Baghlan, Kabul, Paktia / Khost); China (Gansu, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Qinghai, Sichuan, Xinjiang); Tibet; Mongolia; ?Pakistan
30 SIB 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 34 AFG IRN 36 CHI TIB 37 MON
Remarks: subgen. Cryptobasis
Synonyms: hidden
= Cryptobasis loczyi (Kanitz) Ikonn.; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 9: 302 (1972)
= Cryptobasis thianschanica (Maxim.) Nevski; Trudy Bot. Inst. Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R., Ser. 1, Fl. Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 4: 331 (1937)
= Iris tenuifolia var. thianschanica Maxim.; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada, prepr. 6: 495 (1879)
= Iris thianschanica (Maxim.) Vved. ex Woronow & Popov; Fedtsch. et al., Fl. Turkmen. 1: 325 (1932)
species :
Iris lokiae Alexeeva; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 98(11): 1416 (2013)
Distribution: Russian Far East (Primorye)
31 RFE
species :
Iris longipetala Herb.; Hook. & Arn. Bot. Beech. Voy. 395 (1840)
Distribution: USA (California)
76 USA
Remarks: Dielsiris
Synonyms: hidden
= Limniris longipetala (Herb.) Rodion.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 92(4): 552 (2007)
= Dielsiris longipetala (Herb.) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232(1): 65 (2015)
species :
Iris longiscapa Ledeb.; Fl. Ross. 4: 93 (1852)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Tajikistan
32 KAZ TKM TZK UZB
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris filifolia Bunge; Beitr. Fl. Russl.: 330 (1852), nom. illeg.
species :
Iris lortetii Barbey; Barbey-Boissier & Barbey, Herbor. Levant: 178 (1882)
Distribution: Lebanon (Antilebanon); Israel (Rift Valley, N-Israel)
34 ISR LEB
Remarks: Iris s. str., sect. Oncocyclus
variant :
var. samariae (Dinsm.) Feinbrun; Fl. Palaestina 4: 121 (1986)
Distribution: Syria; Israel
34 ISR SYR
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris samariae Dinsm.; Post, Fl. Syria, Palest. & Sinai, ed. 2, 2: 598 (1933)
species :
Iris ludwigii Maxim.; Bull. Acad. Petersb. 26: 508 (1880)
Distribution: Siberia (Altai); Kazakhstan; Mongolia
30 SIB 32 KAZ 37 MON
Remarks: Chamaeiris, sect. Ludwigia
Synonyms: hidden
= Chamaeiris ludwigii (Maxim.) M.B.Crespo; Flora Montiber. 49: 69 (2011)
= Xyridion ludwigii (Maxim.) Rodion.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 90(1): 59 (2005)
species :
Iris lutescens Lam.; Encyl. Méth. Bot. 3: 297 (1789)
Name: Gelbliche Schwertlilie (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Switzerland [I]; Portugal; Spain; SE-France; Italy; Sicily [I]; Morocco [I]; Tunisia [I]
11 ger swi 12 FRA POR SPA 13 ITA sic 20 mor tun
Remarks: Iris & Pogoniris
Synonyms: hidden
= Chamaeiris angustifolia Medik.; Hist. & Commentat. Acad. Elect. Sci. Theod.-Palat. 6: 418 (1790)
= Gynandriris italica (Parl.) Sanguin.; Fl. Roman. Prodr. Alt.: 747 (1864)
= Iris biflora f. lisbonensis (Dykes) Cout.; Fl. Portugal, ed. 2: 174 (1939)
= Iris burnatii Baker; Handb. Irid.: 33 (1892)
= Iris chamaeiris proles italica (Parl.) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 13: 82 (1912)
= Iris chamaeiris Bertol.; Fl. Ital. 3: 609 (1838)
= Iris chamaeiris subsp. italica (Parl.) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 253 (1890)
= Iris chamaeiris subsp. olbiensis (Henon) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 254 (1890)
= Iris chamaeiris subvar. alba Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 13: 82 (1912)
= Iris chamaeiris subvar. luteola Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 13: 82 (1912)
= Iris chamaeiris subvar. violacea Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 13: 82 (1912)
= Iris chamaeiris var. italica (Parl.) Baker; Handb. Irid.: 27 (1892)
= Iris chamaeiris var. olbiensis (Hénon) Baker; Handb. Irid.: 28 (1892)
= Iris fragrans Salisb.; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 1: 303 (1812), nom. superfl.
= Iris italica Parl.; Nuov. Gen. Sp. Monocot.: 37 (1854)
= Iris lisbonensis Dykes; Gard. Chron., ser. 3, 47: 147 (1910)
= Iris longiflora Vest; Schult., Mant. 1: 304 (1822)
= Iris lutescens f. crocea O.Bolòs & Vigo; Fl. Països Catalans 4: 158 (2001)
= Iris lutescens f. violacea (Rouy) O.Bolòs & Vigo; Fl. Països Catalans 4: 158 (2001), nom. illeg.
= Iris lutescens subsp. chamaeiris (Bertol.) O.Bolòs & Vigo; Fl. Països Catalans 4: 158 (2001)
= Iris lutescens subsp. olbiensis (Hénon) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 13: 81 (1912)
= Iris lutescens subsp. segarrica O.Bolòs & Conesa; Fl. Països Catalans 4: 157 (2001)
= Iris lutescens subsp. subbiflora (Brot.) D.A.Webb & Chater; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 76: 316 (1978)
= Iris lutescens subvar. albescens Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 13: 81 (1912)
= Iris lutescens subvar. luteola Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 13: 81 (1912)
= Iris lutescens subvar. violacea Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 13: 81 (1912)
= Iris lutescens var. olbiensis (Hénon) P.Fourn.; Quatre Fl. France: 191 (1935)
= Iris myleri K.Koch; Wochenschr. Gärtnerei Pflanzenk. 2: 206 (1859)
= Iris neglecta Parl.; Nuov. Gen. Sp. Monocot.: 41 (1854), nom. illeg.
= Iris olbiensis Hénon; Ann. Soc. Agric. Lyon 8: 462 (1845)
= Iris polychroa Gand.; Dec. Pl. Nov. 1: 14 (1875)
= Iris pumila subsp. chamaeiris (Bertol.) Douin; Bonnier, Fl. Ill. France 10: 106 (1929)
= Iris pyrenaica L.; Cent. Pl. I: 4 (1755), tentatively listed as a synonym.
= Iris sordida Willd.; Enum. Pl. Hort. Berol., Suppl.: 4 (1814), nom. illeg.
= Iris subbiflora Brot.; Fl. Lusit. 1: 50. t. 96 (1804)
= Iris virescens Redouté; Liliac. 5: t. 295 (1810)
species :
Iris lycotis Woronow; Bull. Mus. Caucasus, Tiflis 9: 35 (1915)
Distribution: Armenia; Azerbaijan (Nachichevan); NE-Iraq; W-Iran
33 ARM AZE 34 IRN IRQ
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris iberica subsp. lycotis (Woronow) Takht.; Takht. & Fed., Fl. Erevana: 330 (1972)
= Iris iberica var. bellii Baker; Handb. Irid.: 20 (1892)
species :
Iris maackii Maxim.; Bull. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg 26: 542 (1880)
Distribution: Russian Far East (Kuril Isl., Primorye, Sakhalin); China (E-Heilongjiang, Liaoning)
31 RFE 36 CHI
Remarks: subgen. Limniris
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris pseudacorus var. mandshurica L.H.Bailey; Man. Cult. Pl.: 273 (1949)
= Limniris maackii (Maxim.) Rodion.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 92: 552 (2007)
species :
Iris macrosiphon Torr.; Pacif. Rail. Rep. 4: 144 (1857)
Name: Bowltube iris
Distribution: USA (California)
76 USA
Remarks: subgen. Limniris
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris amabilis Eastw.; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club, 484 (1903)
= Iris californica Leichtlin; Garden (London, 1871-1927) 52: 126 (1897), nom. inval.
= Iris macrosiphon var. elata Eastw.; Leafl. W. Bot. 2: 264 (1940)
= Limniris macrosiphon (Torr.) Rodion.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 92(4): 551 (2007)
species :
Iris maculata Baker; Gard. Chron., n.s., 6: 517 (1876)
Distribution: Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq); Syria (Jazira)
34 IRQ SYR
Remarks: Iris s. str., sect. Oncocyclus
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris heylandiana Boiss. & Reut.; Boiss., Fl. Orient. 5: 130 (1882)
= Iris iberica var. heylandiana (Boiss. & Reut.) Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 16: 142 (1877)
species :
Iris magnifica Vved.; Kom., Fl. URSS 4: 571 (1935)
Distribution: Uzbekistan; Tajikistan
32 TZK UZB
Remarks: subgen. Juno, sect. Wendelboa
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris caucasica var. major Maxim.; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada, prepr. 6: 497 (1879)
= Juno magnifica (Vved.) Vved.; Fl. Uzbekist., ed. Schreder 1: 518 (1941)
species :
Iris mandshurica Maxim.; Bull. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Petersbourg 26(3): 530 (1880)
Distribution: Russian Far East (Primorye); China (Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning); North Korea
31 RFE 36 CHI 38 NKO
Remarks: Iris s. str., sect. Regelia
species :
Iris maracandica (Vved.) Wendelbo; Bot. Not. 128: 216 (1975)
Distribution: Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan
32 KGZ TZK UZB
Remarks: subgen. Juno, sect. Wendelboa
Synonyms: hidden
= Juno maracandica Vved.; Fl. Tadzhiksk. S.S.R. 2: 393 (1963)
species :
Iris mariae Barbey; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 41: 207 (1891)
Distribution: Israel (N-Negev Desert, C-Israel); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, N-Sinai)
34 ISR SIN
Remarks: Iris s. str., sect. Oncocyclus
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris barnumiae var. mariae (Barbey) Dykes; Gen. Iris: 116 (1913)
= Iris helenae Barbey; Barbey-Boissier & Barbey, Herbor. Levant: 159 (1882), nom. illeg.
species :
Iris marivanica Ruksans; Int. Rock Gard. 112: 55, figs. 74, 84-88 (2019)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
Remarks: status and genus uncertain
species :
Iris marsica I.Ricci & Colas.; Ann. Bot. (Rome) 32: 218 (1973 publ. 1974)
Distribution: C-Italy (C-Appennini, SE of Avezzano)
13 ITA
Remarks: Subgen. Iris, Sect. Pogon
species :
Iris masiae Dykes; Gard. Chron. 47: 147 (1910)
subspecies :
subsp. masiae
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Syria (Jazira, NW-Syria)
34 IRQ SYR TUR
Remarks: subgen. Masia
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris aschersonii subsp. masiae (Leichtlin ex Dykes) Güner; e-Fl. Turkey, (Iris): 25 (2021)
= Iris caeruleoviolacea (Gomb.) Mouterde; Nouv. Fl. Liban & Syrie 1: 312 (1966)
= Iris grant-duffii subsp. masiae (Leichtlin ex Dykes) Dykes; Gen. Iris: 45 (1913)
= Iris grant-duffii var. caeruleo-violacea Gomb.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 93: 146 (1946)
= Iris masiae Leichtlin ex Foster; Garden (London, 1871-1927) 1902: 288 (1902), nom. inval.
= Syrianthus masiae (Leichtlin ex Dykes) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232: 63 (2015)
subspecies :
subsp. dumaniana Güner; Türk. Bitkileri List. 893 (2012)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Syrianthus dumanianus (Güner) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232: 62 (2015)
species :
Iris meda Stapf; Denkschr. Akad. Wiss. Wien Math.-Nat. Kl. 50: 20 (1885)
Distribution: Iran (NW-Iran: Iranian Azerbaijan, W-Iran)
34 IRN
Remarks: Iris s. str., sect. Oncocyclus
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris fibrosa Freyn; Bull. Herb. Boissier 4: 182 (1896)
species :
Iris microglossa Wendelbo; K. Danske Vid. Selsk., Biol. Skrift. 10: No. 3 (Symb. Afghan. IV.) 189(1959)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Baghlan, Bamyan)
34 AFG
Remarks: subgen. Juno
Synonyms: hidden
= Juno microglossa (Wendelbo) Kamelin; Florogenet. Analiz: 252 (1973)
species :
Iris milesii Baker ex Foster; Gard. Chron. (1883) II. 231
Distribution: China (Sichuan, Yunnan); Tibet; India (Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir)
36 CHI TIB 40 IND
Remarks: subgen. Evansia
Synonyms: hidden
= Tectiris milesii (Baker ex Foster) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232: 56 (2015)
species :
Iris minutoaurea Makino; J. Jap. Bot. 5(4): 17 (1928)
Distribution: China (SE-Liaoning, Jilin); North Korea; South Korea
36 CHI 38 KOR NKO
Remarks: subgen. Zhaoanthus
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris koreana f. albiflora T.H.Chung & W.Lee; Rep. Stud. Irid. Pl.: 4 (1964)
= Iris minuta Franch. & Sav.; Enum. Pl. Jap. 2: 42 (1877), nom. illeg.
= Iris savatieri Nakai; Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus. Tokyo 31: 148 (1952), nom. superfl.
= Limniris minutoaurea (Makino) Rodion.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 92(4): 553 (2007)
= Zhaoanthus minutoaureus (Makino) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232: 60 (2015)
species :
Iris missouriensis Nutt.; J. Acad. Philad. 7: I. 58 (1834)
Name: Rocky Mountain iris
Distribution: Canada (Alberta, British Columbia); USA (Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Minnesota, Montana, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Mexico, Nevada, Oregon, South Dakota, Utah, Washington State, Wyoming)
71 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA
Remarks: Dielsiris
Synonyms: hidden
= Dielsiris arizonica (Dykes) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232(1): 65 (2015)
= Dielsiris missouriensis (Nutt.) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232(1): 65 (2015)
= Dielsiris pariensis (S.L.Welsh) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232(1): 65 (2015)
= Dielsiris pelogonus (Goodd.) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232(1): 65 (2015)
= Iris arizonica Dykes; Gard. Chron., III 61: 45 (1917)
= Iris haematophylla var. valametica Herb. ex Hook.; Hook., Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 206 (1839)
= Iris longipetala var. montana Baker; Handb. Irid.: 10 (1892)
= Iris missouriensis f. alba H.St.John; Leafl. W. Bot. 9: 96 (1960)
= Iris missouriensis f. angustispatha R.C.Foster; Contr. Gray Herb. 119: 67 (1937)
= Iris missouriensis M.Martens; Bull. Acad. Sci. Bruxelles 8(1): 65 (1841)
= Iris missouriensis var. albiflora Cockerell; W. Amer. Sci. 6: 135 (1889)
= Iris missouriensis var. arizonica (Dykes) R.C.Foster; Contr. Gray Herb. 119: 67 (1937)
= Iris missouriensis var. pelogonus (Goodd.) R.C.Foster; Contr. Gray Herb. 119: 66 (1937)
= Iris missuriensis M.Martens; Hort. Leeuv. 1840: s.p. (1840), orth. var.
= Iris montana Nutt. ex Dykes; Gen. Iris: 91 (1913)
= Iris pariensis S.L.Welsh; Great Basin Naturalist 46: 256 (1986)
= Iris pelogonus Goodd.; Coult. Bot. Gaz. 33: 68 (1902)
= Iris tolmieana Herb.; Hook. & Arn. Bot. Beech. Voy. 396 (1840)
= Limniris missouriensis (Nutt.) Rodion.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 92(4): 552 (2007)
species :
Iris munzii R.C.Foster; Irid. Sp. Nov. 2 (1938)
Name: Munz´s iris
Distribution: USA (California)
76 USA
Remarks: subgen. Limniris
Synonyms: hidden
= Limniris munzii (R.C.Foster) Rodion.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 92(4): 551 (2007)
species :
Iris mzchetica Rodion.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 88(5): 135 (2003)
Distribution: Georgia [Caucasus]
33 GEO
Remarks: subgen. Limniris
Synonyms: hidden
= Limniris mzchetica (Rodion.) Rodion.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 92(4): 552 (2007)
species :
Iris nantouensis S.S.Ying; Quart. J. Exp. Forest. 1(3): 107 (1987)
Distribution: Taiwan
38 TAI
Remarks: subgen. Evansia
Synonyms: hidden
= Evansia nantouensis (S.S.Ying) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232(1): 54 (2015)
species :
Iris narbutii O.Fedtsch.; Izv. Imp. Obshch. Lyubit. Estestv. Moskovsk. Univ. 103: 147 (1902)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan
32 KAZ KGZ TZK UZB
Remarks: subgen. Juno
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris caucasica var. oculata Maxim.; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada, prepr. 6: 497 (1879)
= Iris dengerensis B.Fedtsch.; Izv. Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 5: 157 (1905)
= Iris hissarica O.Fedtsch. ex Kneuck.; Allg. Bot. Z., 157 (1905)
= Juno dengerensis (B.Fedtsch.) Soják; Cas. Nár. Muz. (Prague), 150(3-4): 138 (1981 publ. 1982)
= Juno dengernsis (B.Fedtsch.) Kamelin; Florogenet. Anal. Estest. Fl. Gorn. Sred. Azii 252 (1973), sphalm.
= Juno narbutii (O.Fedtsch.) Vved.; Fl. Uzbekist., ed. Schreder 1: 515 (1941)
species :
Iris narcissiflora Diels; Svensk Bot. Tidskr. 18: 428 (1924)
Distribution: China (Sichuan)
36 CHI
Remarks: Subgen. Iris, Sect. Pogon
species :
Iris narynensis O.Fedtsch.; Bull. Jard. Bot. Petersb. 5: 159 (1905)
Distribution: Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan
32 KGZ UZB
Remarks: subgen. Juno, sect. Wendelboa
Synonyms: hidden
= Juno narynensis (O.Fedtsch.) Vved.; Fl. Uzbekist., ed. Schreder 1: 515 (1941)
species :
Iris nectarifera Güner; Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 38: 413 (1980)
Distribution: Turkey (SE-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: Iris s. str., sect. Oncocyclus
variant :
var. mardinensis Güner; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 38(3): 415 (1980)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Iris neoensata Y.N.Lee; Bull. Korea Pl. Res. 5: 30 (2005)
Distribution: South Korea
38 KOR
Remarks: Limniris. Provisionally accepted name
Synonyms: hidden
= Limniris neoensata (Y.N.Lee) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232: 56 (2015)
species :
Iris neosetosa Y.N.Lee; Bull. Korea Pl. Res. 2: 16 (2002)
Distribution: NE-China (Heilongjiang)
36 CHI
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Iris nicolai (Vved.) Vved.; V. L. Kom. (ed.), Fl. URSS 4: 561 (1935)
Distribution: Uzbekistan; Tajikistan
32 TZK UZB
Remarks: subgen. Juno, sect. Physocaulon
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris rosenbachiana var. coerulea Regel; Gartenflora 35: 411 (1886)
= Juno nicolai Vved.; Byull. Sredne-Aziatsk. Gosud. Univ. 21: 151 (1935)
species :
Iris nigricans Dinsm.; Post, Fl. Syr. Pal. Sin. ed. 2, 2: 600 (1933)
Distribution: Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania)
34 JOR
Remarks: Iris s. str., sect. Oncocyclus
species :
Iris notha M.Bieb.; Cent. Pl. Ross. t. 77 (1819)
Distribution: ?SE-European Russia; Northern Caucasus
33 NCS
Remarks: Chamaeiris, sect. Spuriae
Synonyms: hidden
= Chamaeiris notha (M.Bieb.) M.B.Crespo; Flora Montiber. 49: 67 (2011)
= Iris gueldenstaedtiana var. notha (M.Bieb.) Regel; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 41(I): 432 (1868)
= Iris notha var. bicolor Regel; Index Seminum (LE, Petropolitanus) 1862: 28 (1862)
= Iris spuria subsp. notha (M.Bieb.) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 3: 496 (1906)
= Iris spuria var. notha (M.Bieb.) Baker; Handb. Irid.: 15 (1892)
= Iris spuria var. notha (M.Bieb.) R.R.Stewart; Annot. Cat. Vasc. Pl. W. Pakistan & Kashmir: 65 (1972), isonym
= Xiphion nothum (M.Bieb.) Alef.; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 21: 297 (1863)
= Xyridion nothum (M.Bieb.) Klatt; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 30: 500 (1872)
species :
Iris nusairiensis Mouterde; Nouv. Fl. Lib. Syr. 1: 311, t. 101, n. 5 (1966)
Distribution: Syria (W-Syrian Mountains)
34 SYR
Remarks: subgen. Juno
Synonyms: hidden
= Juno nusairiensis (Mouterde) Rodion.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 79(9): 105 (1994), isonym
= Juno nusairiensis (Mouterde) Soják; Cas. Nár. Muz. (Prague), 150(3-4): 138 (1981 publ. 1982)
species :
Iris odaesanensis Y.N.Lee; Korean J. Bot. 17(1): 33 (1974)
Distribution: South Korea
38 KOR
Remarks: subgen. Zhaoanthus
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris koreana f. albiflora T.H.Chung & T.Lee; Rep. Stud. Irid. Pl.: 4 (1964)
= Iris odaesanensis f. purpurascens Y.N.Lee; Bull. Korea Pl. Res. 2: 14 (2002)
= Limniris odaesanensis (Y.N.Lee) Rodion.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 92(4): 553 (2007)
= Zhaoanthus odaesanensis (Y.N.Lee) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232: 60 (2015)
species :
Iris odontostyla B.Mathew & Wendelbo; Fl. Iranica, 112: 54 (1975)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Badghys, Herat)
34 AFG
Remarks: subgen. Juno
Synonyms: hidden
= Juno odontostyla (B.Mathew & Wendelbo) Rodion.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 79(9): 105 (1994), isonym
= Juno odontostyla (B.Mathew & Wendelbo) Soják; Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(2): 79 (1979 publ. 1980)
species :
Iris orchioides Carrière; Rev. Hortic. (1880) 337
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan
32 KAZ KGZ TZK UZB
Remarks: subgen. Juno
Synonyms: hidden
= Juno orchioides (Carrière) Vved.; Fl. Uzbekist., ed. Schreder 1: 519 (1941)
species :
Iris orientalis Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. 8: no. 9 (1768)
Name: Yellowband iris
Distribution: NE-Greece (near Alexandropoulos); East Aegaean Isl.; Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Lebanon (coastal W-Lebanon); Australia [I] (South Australia [I]); New Zealand [I]; USA [I] (California [I], Connecticut [I], Missouri [I]); Argentina [I]
13 GRC 34 EAI LEB TUR 50 aus 51 nzl 75 usa 76 usa 85 arg
Remarks: Chamaeiris, sect. Spuriae
Synonyms: hidden
= Chamaeiris longipedicellata (Czeczott) M.B.Crespo; Flora Montiber. 49: 67 (2011)
= Chamaeiris monnieri (Redouté) M.B.Crespo; Flora Montiber. 49: 67 (2011)
= Chamaeiris orientalis (Mill.) M.B.Crespo; Flora Montiber. 49: 67 (2011)
= Iris albida Davidov; Trav. Soc. Bulg. Sci. Nat. 8: 117 (1915)
= Iris gigantea Carrière; Rev. Hort. (Paris) 47: 356 (1875)
= Iris gueldenstaedtiana var. ochroleuca (L.) K.Koch; Linnaea 21: 637 (1848)
= Iris halophila var. ochroleuca (L.) Hornem.; Hort. Bot. Hafn. 1: 57 (1813)
= Iris longipedicellata Czeczott; Acta Soc. Bot. Polon. 9: 44 (1932)
= Iris monnieri Redouté; Liliac. 4: t. 236 (1808)
= Iris ochroleuca L.; Mantissa Alt. 175 (1771)
= Iris orientalis var. gigantea (Carrière) Lynch; Book of the Iris: 85 (1904)
= Iris pocockii Mill.; Fig. Pl. Gard. Dict. ed. 3.: 33 (1803)
= Iris spuria subsp. monnieri (Redouté) Dykes; Gen. Iris 64 (1913)
= Iris spuria subsp. ochroleuca (L.) Dykes; Gen. Iris 63 (1913)
= Iris spuria var. ochroleuca (L.) Ker Gawl.; Bot. Mag. 28: t. 1131 (1808)
= Iris ×monnieri DC.; P. J. Redouté, Liliac. 4: t. 236 (1808)
= Xiphion monnieri (Redouté) Alef.; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 21: 297 (1863)
= Xiphion ochroleucum (L.) Alef.; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 21: 297 (1863), nom. illeg.
= Xyridion monnieri (Redouté) Klatt; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 30: 500 (1872)
= Xyridion ochroleucum (L.) Klatt; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 30: 500 (1872)
= Xyridion orientalis (Mill.) Rodion.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 90(1): 58 (2005)
species :
Iris orjenii Bräuchler & Cikovac; Willdenowia 37(1): 221 (2007)
Distribution: Montenegro
13 MNT
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Iris oxypetala Bunge; Enum. Pl. China Bor.: 63 (1832)
Distribution: China (Nei Mongol, Heilongjiang, Liaoning, etc.); Russian Far East (Primorye); Japan
31 RFE 36 CHI 38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Eremiris lactea var. chinensis (Fisch.) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232: 58 (2015)
= Eremiris oxypetala (Bunge) Rodion.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 91(11): 1708 (2006)
= Eremiris pallasii var. chinensis (Fisch.) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232(1): 58 (2015)
= Iris ensata var. chinensis (Fisch.) Maxim.; Gartenflora 29: 161 (1880)
= Iris lactea subsp. chinensis (Fisch.) Kitag.; Rep. Inst. Sci. Res. Manchoukuo 4(7): 115 (1940)
= Iris lactea var. chinensis (Fisch.) Koidz.; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 39(468): 300 (1925)
= Iris moorcroftiana Wall. ex D.Don; Trans. Linn. Soc. London 18: 315 (1840)
= Iris pallasii var. chinensis Fisch.; Bot. Mag. 49: pl. 2331 (1822)
species :
Iris palaestina (Baker) Barbey; Barbey-Boissier & Barbey, Herbor. Levant: 159 (1882)
Distribution: Lebanon (coastal W-Lebanon); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel); Jordania (W-Jordania)
34 ISR JOR LEB
Remarks: subgen. Juno
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris planifolia subsp. palaestina (Baker) Bolt.; Phytotaxa 303(2): 136 (2017)
= Juno palaestina (Baker) Klatt; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 30: 498 (1872)
= Thelysia palaestina (Baker) Mattei; Boll. Giard. Col. Palermo 2: 99 (1915)
= Xiphion palaestinum Baker; J. Bot. London 9: 108 (1871)
species :
Iris pallida Lam.; Encycl. Méth. Bot. 3: 294 (1789)
subspecies :
subsp. pallida
Name: Bleiche Schwertlilie (DE); Lirio palido (ES)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Hungary; Baleares [I]; France [I]; Sardinia [I]; Sicily [I]; Slovenia; Croatia; Albania; Romania [I]; European Russia [I]; Morocco [I]; Canary Isl. [I] (Tenerife [I], La Palma Isl. [I]); Java [I]; Canada [I] (Ontario [I]); USA [I] (Arkansas [I], Kentucky [I], Louisiana [I], Missouri [I], Texas [I])
11 ger HUN 12 bal fra sar 13 ALB CRO rom sic SLV 14 rus 20 mor 21 cny 42 jaw 72 cdn 75 usa 77 usa 78 usa
Remarks: Iris & Pogoniris
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris asiatica Tubergen; Garden (London, 1871-1927) 41: 121 (1892)
= Iris desertorum Balb.; Cat. Stirp. (1813), App. 1: 12 (1813), nom. illeg.
= Iris fulgida Berg; Flora 18: 568 (1835)
= Iris gloriosa Reider ex Berg; Flora 16: 17 (1833)
= Iris hortensis Tausch; Flora 11: 235 (1828)
= Iris mandraliscae Tod.; Nuov. Gen. Sp.: 42 (1861)
= Iris marchesettii Pamp.; Bull. Soc. Bot. Ital. 1908: 136 (1908)
= Iris moggridgei Baker; Handb. Irid.: 34 (1892)
= Iris nudicaulis var. plicata (Lam.) Anon.; Ann. Hort. 1847: 75 (1847)
= Iris nudicaulis var. swertii (Lam.) Anon.; Ann. Hort. 1847: 75 (1847)
= Iris odoratissima Jacq.; Pl. Hort. Schoenbr. 1: 5 (1797)
= Iris pallida subsp. mandraliscae (Tod.) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 256 (1890)
= Iris pallida subsp. sicula (Tod.) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 256 (1890)
= Iris pallida subsp. tinaei (Tod.) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 256 (1890)
= Iris pallida var. odoratissima (Jacq.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 700 (1882)
= Iris pallida var. rosea Prodan; Bul. Grad. Bot. Univ. Cluj 25: 204 (1945)
= Iris picta Spreng.; Bot. Gart. Halle: 50 (1800), nom. illeg.
= Iris plicata Lam.; Encycl. 3: 296 (1789)
= Iris propendens Lange; Bot. Tidsskr. 19: 255 (1895)
= Iris sicula Tod.; Nuov. Gen. e Sp. 7 (1858)
= Iris swertii Lam.; Encycl. 3: 296 (1789)
= Iris tinaei Tod.; Nuov. Gen. Sp.: 46 (1861)
= Iris ×australis var. mandraliscae (Tod.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 700 (1882)
= Iris ×australis var. tinaei (Tod.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 700 (1882)
= Iris ×germanica subsp. pallida (Lam.) O.Bolòs & Vigo; Fl. Països Catalans 4: 159 (2001)
= Iris ×pallide-caerulaea Pers.; Syn. Pl. 1: 51 (1805), nom. superfl.
subspecies :
subsp. cengialti (Ambrosi ex A.Kern.) Foster; Gard. Chron. ser. 2, 25: 555 (1886)
Distribution: NE-Italy (westwards to Lago di Garda); Slovenia
13 ITA SLV
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris cengialti Ambrosi ex A.Kern.; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 21: 227 (1871)
= Iris cengialti f. veneta Pamp.; Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital., n.s., 16: 93 (1909)
= Iris cengialti f. vochinensis Paulin; Carniola 8: 104 (1917)
= Iris cengialti subsp. portae (Asch. & Graebn.) Trinajstic; Biosistematika 2: 71 (1976)
= Iris cengialti subsp. veneta (Pamp.) Trinajstic; Biosistematika 2: 71 (1976)
= Iris cengialti subsp. vochinensis (Paulin) Trinajstic; Biosistematika 2: 71 (1976)
= Iris cengialti var. loppio Foster; Gard. Chron., n.s., 1886: 554 (1886)
= Iris italica var. cengialti (Ambrosi ex A.Kern.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 701 (1882)
= Iris pallida f. portae Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 3: 488 (1906)
= Iris pallida var. loppio (Foster) Dykes; Gard. Chron., ser. 3, 47: 399 (1910)
subspecies :
subsp. illyrica (Tomm. ex Vis.) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 255 (1890)
Distribution: Slovenia; Croatia
13 CRO SLV
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris cengialti subsp. illyrica (Fiori) Poldini; Stud. Geobot. 21: 8 (2001)
= Iris cengialti var. illyrica (Tomm. ex Vis.) Dykes; Gen. Iris: 168 (1913)
= Iris florentina var. illyrica (Tomm. ex Vis.) Fiori; Nuov. Fl. Italia 1: 299 (1923)
= Iris illyrica Tomm.; Veg. Isola Veglia 63 (1875)
= Iris illyrica Tomm. ex Vis.; Fl. Dalmat., Suppl. 2: 53 (1877)
= Iris pallida f. dalmatica (Pamp.) Pamp.; Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital., n.s., 16: 137 (1909)
= Iris pallida subsp. illyrica (Tomm. ex Vis.) Wraber; Hladnikia 10: 41 (1998), isonym
= Iris pallida var. dalmatica Pamp.; Bull. Soc. Bot. Ital. 1908: 137 (1908)
= Iris pseudopallida f. dalmatica (Pamp.) Trinajstic; Biosistematika 2: 72 (1976)
= Iris pseudopallida f. transiens Trinajstic; Biosistematika 2: 72 (1976)
= Iris pseudopallida Trinajstic; Biosistematika 2: 71 (1976)
= Iris ×germanica subsp. illyrica (Tomm. ex Vis.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 700 (1882)
= Iris ×germanica var. illyrica Fiori; Fiori et al., Fl. Anal. Italia 1: 224 (1896)
species :
Iris pamphylica Hedge; Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 23: 557 (1961)
Distribution: Turkey (SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: subgen. Iridodictyum
Synonyms: hidden
= Iridodictyum pamphylicum (Hedge) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232(1): 61 (2015)
species :
Iris paradoxa Steven; Mem. Soc. Nat. Mosc. 5: 355 (1814)
subspecies :
subsp. paradoxa
Distribution: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (E-Anatolia); Iran (NW-Iran: Iranian Azerbaijan)
33 ARM AZE 34 IRN TUR
Remarks: Iris s. str., sect. Oncocyclus
Synonyms: hidden
= Oncocyclus paradoxus (Steven) Siemss.; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 4: 706 (1846)
= Iris annae Grossh.; Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS 13: 4 (1950)
= Iris paradoxa var. violacea Baker; Handb. Irid.: 20 (1892)
form :
f. mirabilis Gavr.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 50: 822 (1965)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
subspecies :
subsp. choschab (Hoog) Güner; e-Fl. Turkey (Iris): 66 (2021)
Distribution: Azerbaijan (Talysh); Turkey (E-Anatolia); Iran
33 AZE 34 IRN TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris medwedewii Fomin; Monit. Jard. Bot. Tiflis 14: 43 (1909)
= Iris paradoxa f. choschab (Hoog) B.Mathew & Wendelbo; Fl. Iranica, 112: 31(1975)
= Iris paradoxa subsp. choschab (Baker) Gavr.; Zam. Sist. Geogr. Rast. 41: 75 (1986), without basionym ref.
= Iris paradoxa var. choschab Hoog; Gard. Chron., III 29: 104 (1901)
= Oncocyclus paradoxa var. choschab (Hoog) B.Mathew & Wendelbo
species :
Iris paropamisensis T.Hall & Seisums; Iris Year Book 2019: 55 (2019)
Distribution: Afghanistan
34 AFG
species :
Iris parvula (Vved.) T.Hall & Seisums; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 167(3): 300 (2011)
Distribution: Uzbekistan; Tajikistan
32 TZK UZB
Remarks: subgen. Juno, sect. Wendelboa
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris parvula (Vved.) Sennikov; Pl. Diversity Centr. Asia 2(1): 71 (2023), isonym
= Juno parvula Vved.; Kom., Fl. URSS 4: 563 (1935) [in syn.], et Fl. Tadjikist. 2: 388, 425 (1963)
species :
Iris perrieri Simonet ex N.Service; Plantsman, n.s., 2: 91 (2003)
Distribution: SE-France (SW-Alps); NW-Italy
12 FRA 13 ITA
Remarks: Iris & Pogoniris
species :
Iris persica L.; Sp. Pl. 40 (1753)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq); Lebanon (Antilebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, NW-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains)
34 IRQ LEB SYR TUR
Remarks: subgen. Juno
Synonyms: hidden
= Coresantha persica (L.) Alef.; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 21: 298 (1863)
= Costia persica (L.) Willk.; Bot. Zelt. 18: 131 (1860)
= Iris bolleana Siehe; Gard. Chron., ser. 3, 29: 313 (1901)
= Iris issica Siehe; Allg. Bot. Z. Syst. 11: 115 (1905)
= Iris persica var. bolleana (Siehe) Dykes; Gen. Iris: 190 (1913)
= Iris persica var. issica (Siehe) Dykes; Gen. Iris: 191 (1913)
= Iris persica var. mardinensis G.Nicholson; Ill. Dict. Gard., Suppl.: 449 (1901)
= Iris praecox Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 45 (1796), nom. superfl.
= Iris squamata Gaterau; Descr. Pl. Montauban: 31 (1789)
= Juno issica (Siehe) Kamelin; Florogenet. Anal. Estest. Fl. Gorn. Sred. Azii: 252 (1973)
= Juno persica (L.) Tratt.; Auswahl Gartenpflanzen 1: 136 (1821)
= Juno persica var. mardinensis (G.Nicholson) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 376: 190 (2018)
= Thelysia persica (L.) Parl.; Fl. Ital. 3: 317 (1860)
= Xiphion persicum (L.) Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. 8.: no. 1 (1768)
variant :
var. magna Mallett; Gard. Chron., ser. 3, 29: 191 (1901)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris haussknechtii Siehe; Gard. Chron., ser. 3, 29: 313 (1901), nom. illeg.
= Iris persica f. sieheana (Lynch) B.Mathew & Wendelbo; Fl. Iranica 112: 55 (1975)
= Iris persica subsp. sieheana (Lynch) Güner; e-Fl. Turkey (Iris): 78 (2021)
= Iris persica var. sieheana (Lynch) Dykes; Gen. Iris: 192 (1913)
= Iris sieheana Lynch; Gard. Chron., ser. 3, 35: 282 (1904)
= Juno haussknechtii Kamelin; Florogenet. Anal. Estest. Fl. Gorn. Sred. Azii: 252 (1973), nom. superfl.
= Juno sieheana (Lynch) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 376(5): 190 (2018)
species :
Iris peshmeniana Güner & T.Hall; Türk. Bitkileri List. 894 (2012)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Remarks: subgen. Juno
Synonyms: hidden
= Juno peshmeniana (Güner & T.Hall) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 376: 190 (2018)
species :
Iris petrana Dinsm.; Post, Fl. Syr. Pal. Sin. ed. 2, 2: 599 (1933)
Distribution: Israel (Negev Desert); Jordania (S-Jordania)
34 ISR JOR
Remarks: Iris s. str., sect. Oncocyclus
species :
Iris petri F.O.Khass., Rakhimova & Achilova; Stapfia 101: 19 (2014)
Distribution: Uzbekistan
32 UZB
Remarks: subgen. Juno
Synonyms: hidden
= Juno petri (F.O.Khass., Rakhimova & Achilova) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 376(5): 190 (2018)
species :
Iris planifolia (Mill.) T.Durand & Schinz; Consp. Fl. Afr. (T.A.Durand & H.Schinz) 5: 143 (1894)
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; Sardinia; Sicily; Crete; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia
12 POR SAR SPA 13 KRI SIC 20 ALG MOR TUN
Remarks: subgen. Juno
Synonyms: hidden
= Coresantha alata (Poir.) Klatt; Linnaea 34: 575 (1866)
= Costia scorpioides (Desf.) Willk.; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 18: 132 (1860)
= Iris alata f. parviflora Batt.; Batt. & Trab., Fl. Algérie, Monocot.: 42 (1895)
= Iris alata Poir.; Voy. Barbarie 2: 86 (1789)
= Iris alata var. alba E.Dammann ex Sprenger; Bull. Reale Soc. Tosc. Ortic., ser. 2, 4 (14): 16 (1889)
= Iris alata var. cinerea E.Dammann ex Sprenger; Bull. Reale Soc. Tosc. Ortic., ser. 2, 4 (14): 16 (1889)
= Iris alata var. cupreata E.Dammann ex Sprenger; Bull. Reale Soc. Tosc. Ortic., ser. 2, 4 (14): 16 (1889)
= Iris alata var. lilacina E.Dammann ex Sprenger; Bull. Reale Soc. Tosc. Ortic., ser. 2, 4 (14): 16 (1889)
= Iris alata var. magna E.Dammann ex Sprenger; Bull. Reale Soc. Tosc. Ortic., ser. 2, 4 (14): 16 (1889)
= Iris alata var. nigrescens E.Dammann ex Sprenger; Bull. Reale Soc. Tosc. Ortic., ser. 2, 4 (14): 16 (1889)
= Iris alata var. speciosa E.Dammann ex Sprenger; Bull. Reale Soc. Tosc. Ortic., ser. 2, 4 (14): 16 (1889)
= Iris alata var. trialata (Brot.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 703 (1882)
= Iris microptera Lam.; Tabl. Encycl. 1: 120 (1791), nom. superfl.
= Iris planifolia (Mill.) Fiori & Paol.; Fl. Anal. Ital. 1: 227 (1896), isonym
= Iris planifolia f. alba (E.Dammann ex Sprenger) B.Mathew; Bot. Mag. (Kew Mag.) 3(2): 63 (1986)
= Iris planifolia var. micrantha (Batt.) Maire; Fl. Afrique N. 6: 154 (1959)
= Iris scorpioides Desf.; Fl. Atlant. 1: 40. t. 6 (1798)
= Iris transtagana Brot.; Fl. Lusit. 1: 52 (1804)
= Iris trialata Brot.; Phytogr. Lusitan. Select. 2: 44 (1827 publ. 1835)
= Juno alata (Poir.) Rodion.; Rod Iris-Iris L. (Vopr. Mofiol. Biol. Evol. i Sist.) 209 (1961)
= Juno planifolia (Mill.) Asch.; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 22: 114 (1864)
= Juno scorpioides (Desf.) Tratt.; Auswahl Gartenpflanzen 1: 135 (1821)
= Neubeckia scorpioides (Desf.) Alef.; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 21: 297 (1863)
= Thelysia alata (Poir.) Parl.; Fl. Ital. 3: 317 (1857)
= Thelysia alata var. micrantha Batt.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 36: CCXXIV (1889)
= Thelysia grandiflora Salisb.; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 1: 303 (1812), nom. superfl.
= Thelysia planifolia (Mill.) Mattei; Boll. Stud. Inform. Reale Giardino Colon. 2: 98 (1915)
= Xiphion alatum (Poir.) Baker; J. Bot. 9: 108 (1871)
= Xiphion planifolium Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. VIII. n. 4 (1768)
species :
Iris platyptera B.Mathew & Wendelbo; Fl. Iranica, 112: 66 (1975)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Kabul, Paktia / Khost, Parwan); Pakistan
34 AFG 40 PAK
Remarks: subgen. Juno
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris stocksii var. purpurea Baker ex Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 5: 123 (1882)
= Juno platyptera (B.Mathew & Wendelbo) Rodion.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 79(9): 106 (1994), isonym
= Juno platyptera (B.Mathew & Wendelbo) Soják; Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(2): 79 (1979 publ. 1980)
species :
Iris pontica Zapal.; Consp. Fl. Galic. 1: 191 (1906)
Distribution: C-Romania; Moldova; W-Ukraine; Northern Caucasus
13 ROM 14 MLD UKR 33 NCS
Remarks: Chamaeiris, sect. Chamaeiris
Synonyms: hidden
= Chamaeiris marschalliana (Bobrov) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232(1): 64 (2015)
= Chamaeiris pontica (Zapal.) M.B.Crespo; Flora Montiber. 49: 66 (2011)
= Iris humilis M.Bieb.; Fl. Taur. Caucasus 1: 33 (1808) [non Georgi (1775)]
= Iris marschalliana Bobrov; Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS 20: 7 (1960)
= Xyridion ponticum (Zapal.) Rodion.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 90(1): 59 (2005)
species :
Iris popovii (Vved.) Vved.; V. L. Kom. (ed.), Fl. URSS 4: 562 (1935)
Distribution: Tajikistan
32 TZK
Remarks: subgen. Juno, sect. Physocaulon
Synonyms: hidden
= Juno popovii Vved.; Byull. Sredne-Aziatsk. Gosud. Univ. 21: 152 (1935)
species :
Iris porphyrochrysa Wendelbo; Bot. Notiser 122: 204 (1969)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Bamyan, Parwan)
34 AFG
Remarks: subgen. Juno
Synonyms: hidden
= Juno porphyrochrysa (Wendelbo) Rodion.; Dekorativ. Trab. Rast. Dlya Otkr. Grunta S.S.S.R. 1: 290 (1977), et Bot. Zhurn. 79(9): 106 (1994)
= Juno porphyrochrysa (Wendelbo) Soják; Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(2): 80 (1979 publ. 1980)
species :
Iris postii Mouterde; Nouv. Fl. Lib. Syr. 1: 309, t. 101, n. 3 (1966)
Distribution: Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia, W-Iraq: Desert); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, Jazira); Saudi Arabia (Asir)
34 IRQ SYR 35 SAU
Remarks: subgen. Juno
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris palaestina var. caerulea Post; Fl. Syria: 768 (1896)
= Juno postii (Mouterde) Rodion.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 79(9): 105 (1994), isonym
= Juno postii (Mouterde) Soják; Cas. Nár. Muz. (Prague), 150(3-4): 138 (1981 publ. 1982)
species :
Iris potaninii Maxim.; Bull. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Petersbourg 26(3): 528-529 (1880)
Distribution: Siberia (Altai, Buryatia, Chita, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva); China (Gansu, Qinghai, Sichuan); E-Tibet; Mongolia
30 SIB 36 CHI TIB 37 MON
Remarks: Iris s. str., sect. Psammiris
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris flavissima var. rupestris Bunge; C. F. von Ledeb., Fl. Altaic. 1: 60 (1829)
= Iris thoroldii Baker ex Hemsl.; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 30(206): 118-119 (1894)
species :
Iris prismatica Pursh; Fl. Am. Sept. 1: 30 (1814)
Name: Slender blue iris
Distribution: Canada (Nova Scotia, Ontario); USA (Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, North Carolina, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, Vermont)
72 CDN 75 USA 78 USA
Remarks: subgen. Limniris
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris boltoniana Schult.; Mant. 1: 308 (1822)
= Iris gracilis Bigelow; Fl. Boston.: 12 (1814)
= Iris prismatica var. austrina Fernald; Rhodora 49: 133 (1947)
= Iris sibirica var. trigonocarpa (A.Braun & C.D.Bouché) Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 16: 140 (1877)
= Iris trigonocarpa A.Braun & C.D.Bouché; Index Seminum (B, Berolinensis) 1853(App.): 17 (1853)
= Limniris prismatica (Pursh) Rodion.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 92(4): 552 (2007)
species :
Iris proantha Diels; Svensk Bot. Tidskr. 18: 427 (1924)
Distribution: India (Arunachal Pradesh); China (Anhui, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Zhejiang)
36 CHI 40 IND
Remarks: subgen. Zhaoanthus
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris proantha var. valida (S.S.Chien) Y.T.Zhao; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 20(1): 100 (1982)
= Iris pseudorossii S.S.Chien; Contr. Biol. Lab. Sci. Soc. China, Bot. Ser. 6: 72 (1931)
= Iris pseudorossii var. valida S.S.Chien; Contr. Biol. Lab. Chin. Assoc. Advancem. Sci., Sect. Bot. 6: 74-75 (1931)
= Zhaoanthus proanthus (Diels) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232: 60 (2015)
= Zhaoanthus proanthus var. validus (S.S.Chien) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232: 60 (2015)
species :
Iris probstii C.A.Wilson; PhytoKeys 161: 53, figs. 1-2, 4-5 (2020)
Distribution: China (Guizhou)
36 CHI
species :
Iris psammocola Y.T.Zhao; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 30(2): 181-182, f. 1 (1992)
Distribution: Siberia (Buryatia, Tuva); China (Ningxia); Mongolia
30 SIB 36 CHI 37 MON
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris potaninii var. arenaria Doronkin; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 75(3): 415 (1990)
species :
Iris pseudacorus L.; Sp. Pl. 38 (1753)
Name: Wasser-Schwertlilie, Gelbe Schwertlilie (DE); Yellow flag (EN)
Distribution: Faeroe Isl.; England; Ireland; Denmark; Norway; Sweden; Finland; Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; Baleares; France; Channel Isl.; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Malta; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; Greece; Crete; European Turkey; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; N-European Russia; W-European Russia; Moldova; Ukraine; Crimea; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Madeira [I] (Madeira Isl. [I]); Siberia (W-Siberia); Kazakhstan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus] (Abkhazia, Samegrelo, Imereti, Guria, Adzharia); Armenia; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iran (N-Iran); Lebanon (C-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, NW-Syria); Israel (Rift Valley); South Korea [I]; New Zealand [I]; Chatham Isl. [I]; Canada [I] (British Columbia [I], Manitoba [I], New Brunswick [I], Newfoundland [I], Nova Scotia [I], Ontario [I], Prince Edward Isl. [I], Québec [I]); USA [I] (Alabama [I], Arkansas [I], California [I], Connecticut [I], District of Columbia [I], Delaware [I], Florida [I], Georgia [I], Idaho [I], Illinois [I], Indiana [I], Kansas [I], Kentucky [I], Louisiana [I], Massachusetts [I], Maryland [I], Maine [I], Michigan [I], Minnesota [I], Missouri [I], Mississippi [I], Montana [I], North Carolina [I], Nebraska [I], New Hampshire [I], New Jersey [I], Nevada [I], New York [I], Ohio [I], Oregon [I], Pennsylvania [I], Rhode Island [I], South Carolina [I], Tennessee [I], Texas [I], Utah [I], Virginia [I], Vermont [I], Washington State [I], Wisconsin [I], West Virginia [I]); Uruguay [I]; Argentina [I]; Chile [I] (Los Lagos [I])
10 DEN FIN FOR GRB IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 BAL CIS COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MLT MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SRB TUE 14 BLR EST KRY LAT LIT MLD RUS UKR 20 ALG MOR TUN 21 mdr 30 SIB 32 KAZ 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 EAI IRN ISR LEB SYR TUR 38 kor 51 ctm nzl 71 cdn 72 cdn 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa 85 arg cle uru
Remarks: Subgen. Limniris, Sect. Laevigatae
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris acoriformis Boreau; Fl. Centre France, ed. 3, 2: 635 (1857)
= Iris acoroides Spach; Hist. Veg. Phan. 13: 44 (1846)
= Iris bastardii Boreau; Fl. Cent. Fr. ed. III. 2: 635 (1857)
= Iris curtopetala Redouté; Liliac. 6: t. 340 (1811)
= Iris flava Tornab.; Fl. Sicul.: 212 (1887)
= Iris lutea Ludw.; Herb. Blackwell.: t. 261 (1755-1757)
= Iris pallidior Hill; Brit. Herb.: 473 (1756)
= Iris paludosa Pers.; Syn. 1: 52 (1805)
= Iris palustris Gaterau; Descr. Pl. Montauban: 31 (1789), nom. superfl.
= Iris palustris Moench; Methodus: 528 (1794), nom. illeg.
= Iris palustris var. pallida Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 196 (1821 publ. 1822)
= Iris pseudacorus f. albescens Neuman; Sver. Fl.: 641 (1901)
= Iris pseudacorus f. longiacuminata Prodan; Bul. Grad. Bot. Univ. Cluj 15: 67 (1935)
= Iris pseudacorus f. nyaradyana Prodan; Savul., Fl. Republ. Popul. Române 11: 852 (1966)
= Iris pseudacorus f. submersa Glück; Biol. Morphol. Untersuch. Wasser- Sumpfgewächse 3: 13 (1911)
= Iris pseudacorus subsp. acoriformis (Boreau) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 257 (1890)
= Iris pseudacorus subsp. bastardii (Boreau) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 257 (1890)
= Iris pseudacorus subvar. aurantiaca Druce; Rep. Bot. Exch. Club Brit. Isles 5: 53 (1917)
= Iris pseudacorus var. acoriformis (Boreau) Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 16: 190 (1877)
= Iris pseudacorus var. acoriformis (Boreau) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 702 (1882)
= Iris pseudacorus var. acoriformis (Boreau) Syme; 145 (1869)
= Iris pseudacorus var. acoroides (Spach) Baker; Handb. Irid.: 11 (1892)
= Iris pseudacorus var. bastardii (Boreau) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 702 (1882)
= Iris pseudacorus var. bastardii (Boreau) Syme; 145 (1869)
= Iris pseudacorus var. citrina Hook.; Brit. Fl.: 18 (1830)
= Iris pseudacorus var. gracilis Zapal.; 194 (1906)
= Iris pseudacorus var. longifolia DC.; Lam. & A. DC., Fl. Franç., éd. 3, 3: 237 (1805)
= Iris pseudacorus var. ochroleuca Peterm.; Flora 27: 344 (1844)
= Iris pseudacorus var. parviflora Bastard; Essai Fl. Maine et Loire, Suppl.: 23 (1812)
= Iris pseudacorus var. parviflorum Bastard; Essai Fl. Maine et Loire, Suppl.: 23 (1812)
= Iris sativa Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. 8.: no. 15 (1768)
= Limnirion pseudacorus (L.) Opiz; Seznam, 59 (1852)
= Limniris pseudacorus (L.) Fuss; Fl. Transs. 636 (1866)
= Moraea candolleana Spreng.; Syst. Veg., 1: 164 (1824)
= Pseudo-iris palustris Medik.; Act. Acad. Theod. Palat. 6: Phys. (1790) 417
= Vieusseuxia iridioides Redouté; Liliac. 6: t. 340 (1811), pro syn.
= Xiphion acoroides (Spach) Alef.; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 21: 297 (1863)
= Xiphion pseudacorus (L.) Schrank; Fl. Monac. 1: t. 99 (1811)
= Xyridion acoroideum (Spach) Klatt; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 30: 500 (1872)
= Xyridion pseudacorus (L.) Klatt; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 30: 500 (1872)
species :
Iris pseudocapnoides Ruksans; Buried Treasures 362 (2007)
Distribution: Uzbekistan
32 UZB
Remarks: subgen. Juno
Synonyms: hidden
= Juno pseudocapnoides (Ruksans) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232(1): 54 (2015)
species :
Iris pseudocaucasica Grossh.; Monit. Jard. Bot. Tiflis 40-41: 11 (1916)
Distribution: Armenia; Azerbaijan (incl. Nachichevan); Turkey (E-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Iran (EC-Iran, N-Iran, NW-Iran: Iranian Azerbaijan)
33 ARM AZE 34 IRN IRQ TUR
Remarks: subgen. Juno
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris caucasica f. coerulescens Grossh.; Bot. Mater. Gerb. Bot. Inst. Komarova Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R. 13: 3 (1950)
= Juno pseudocaucasica (Grossh.) Rodion.; Rod Iris-Iris L. (Vopr. Mofiol. Biol. Evol. i Sist.) 208 (1961)
species :
Iris pseudomeda Salimb. & H.Saeidi; Phytotaxa 527(1): 76 (2021)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Iris pseudonotha Galushko; Galushko (ed.), Fl. Severn. Kavkaza i Voprosy ee istorii: 9 (1983)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus
33 NCS
Remarks: Chamaeiris, sect. Spuriae
Synonyms: hidden
= Chamaeiris pseudonotha (Galushko) M.B.Crespo; Flora Montiber. 49: 68 (2011)
= Xyridion pseudonothum (Galushko) Rodion.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 90(1): 58 (2005)
species :
Iris pseudopumila Tineo; Cat. Pl. Horti Panorm. 283 (1827)
subspecies :
subsp. pseudopumila
Distribution: SE-Italy; Sicily; Croatia
13 CRO ITA SIC
Remarks: Iris & Pogoniris
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris erratica Tod.; Nuov. Gen. Sp.: 10 (1858)
= Iris lutescens Guss.; Adnot. Cat. Pl. Boccad.: 103 (1821), nom. illeg.
= Iris panormitana Tod.; Nuov. Gen. e Sp. 3 (1858)
= Iris pseudopumila subsp. panormitana (Tod.) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 253 (1890)
= Iris pseudopumila var. panormitana (Tod.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 701 (1882)
= Iris speciosa N.Terracc.; Atti Real Ist. Incoragg. Sci. Nat. Napoli, ser. 5, 1(5): 4 (1899)
= Iris virescens var. erratica (Tod.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 701 (1882)
subspecies :
subsp. gozoensis N.Service; New Plantsman 6(3): 186 (1999)
Distribution: Sicily (Malta)
13 SIC
species :
Iris pseudothoroldii Galanin; Fl. Dahurica 2: 130 (2009)
Distribution: Mongolia
37 MON
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Iris pskemensis Ruksans; Buried Treasures 363 (plate 138) (2007)
Distribution: Uzbekistan
32 UZB
Remarks: subgen. Iridodictyum
Synonyms: hidden
= Alatavia pskemensis (Ruksans) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 321(3): 294 (2017)
= Iridodictyum pskemensis (Ruksans) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232(1): 61 (2015)
species :
Iris pumila L.; Sp. Pl. 38 (1753)
Name: Zwerg-Schwertlilie (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Austria; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; Ukraine; Crimea; Kazakhstan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus] (Kartli); Armenia; Azerbaijan; Canada [I] (Ontario [I]); USA [I] (Illinois [I], Maine [I], Michigan [I], Missouri [I], Wisconsin [I])
11 AUT CZE ger HUN SLO 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO KOS MNT NMA ROM SRB 14 KRY RUS UKR 32 KAZ 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 72 cdn 74 usa 75 usa
Remarks: Iris & Pogoniris
Synonyms: hidden
= Chamaeiris angustitolia Medik.; Act. Acad. Theod. Palat. 6: Phys. (1790) 418
= Iris aequiloba Ledeb.; Index Seminum (TU, Dorpatensis) 1823: 4 (1823)
= Iris angustifolia Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. 8.: no. 12 (1768)
= Iris clusiana Rchb.; Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 9: t. 328 (1847), nom. illeg.
= Iris clusiana var. transsilvanica (Schur) Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 653 (1866)
= Iris coerulea Spach; Hist. Nat. Vég. 13: 50 (1846)
= Iris gracilis Berg; Flora 18: 568 (1835), nom. illeg.
= Iris grandis (Velen.) Velen.; Sitzungsber. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss., Math.-Naturwiss. Cl. 8: 11 (1910 publ. 1911)
= Iris longiflora Ledeb.; Index Seminum (TU, Dorpatensis) 1822: 11 (1822), nom. illeg.
= Iris napocae Prodan; Fl. Român., ed. 2: 182 (1939), nom. superfl.
= Iris napocae var. macrocarpa (Prodan) Prodan; Savul., Fl. Republ. Popul. Române 11: 464 (1966)
= Iris pluriscapis Prodan; Bul. Grad. Bot. Univ. Cluj 14: 138 (1934 publ. 1935)
= Iris pseudopulcherrima Berg; Flora 18: 570 (1835)
= Iris pulcherrima Berg; Flora 16: I. Beibl. 34 (1833)
= Iris pumila f. acuta Prodan; Ann. Sci. Univ. Jassy, Pt. 2, Sci. Nat. 27: 92 (1941)
= Iris pumila f. albiflora Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 655 (1866)
= Iris pumila f. atroviolacea Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 655 (1866)
= Iris pumila f. romanica Prodan & Borza; Bul. Grad. Bot. Univ. Cluj 14: 131 (1934 publ. 1935)
= Iris pumila subsp. aequiloba (Ledeb.) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 253 (1890)
= Iris pumila subsp. grandis (Velen.) Hayek; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 30(3): 119 (1932)
= Iris pumila subsp. sintenisiiformis Prodan; Ann. Sci. Univ. Jassy, Pt. 2, Sci. Nat. 27: 89 (1941)
= Iris pumila subsp. stenoloba (A.DC. ex Baker) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 253 (1890)
= Iris pumila subsp. taurica (Anon.) Rodion. & Shevch.; Galushko, Fl. Severn. Kavkaza Vopr. Ist. 3: 79 (1979), with incorrect basionym ref.
= Iris pumila subsp. transsilvanica (Schur) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 3: 471 (1906)
= Iris pumila subsp. tristis (Nyman) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 253 (1890)
= Iris pumila var. dobrogensis Prodan; Bul. Grad. Bot. Univ. Cluj 14: 129 (1934 publ. 1935)
= Iris pumila var. grandis Velen.; Sitzungsber. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss., Math.-Naturwiss. Cl. 27: 17 (1910)
= Iris pumila var. heliotropii Prodan & Borza; Bul. Grad. Bot. Univ. Cluj 14: 124 (1934 publ. 1935)
= Iris pumila var. latispatha Prodan & Borza; Bul. Grad. Bot. Univ. Cluj 14: 127 (1934 publ. 1935)
= Iris pumila var. lutea Ker Gawl.; Bot. Mag. 30: t. 1209 (1809)
= Iris pumila var. macrocarpa Prodan; Ann. Sci. Univ. Jassy, Pt. 2, Sci. Nat. 27: 90 (1941)
= Iris pumila var. ochroleuca Prodan & Borza; Bul. Grad. Bot. Univ. Cluj 14: 126 (1934 publ. 1935)
= Iris pumila var. rozaliae Prodan; Bul. Grad. Bot. Univ. Cluj 14: 127 (1934 publ. 1935)
= Iris pumila var. scapifera Borbás; I. Dörfler, Jahreskat. 1896: 59 (1896)
= Iris pumila var. stenoloba (A.DC. ex Baker) Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 16: 143 (1877)
= Iris pumila var. tristis Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 701 (1882)
= Iris purpurascens Berg; Flora 18: 569 (1835)
= Iris rozaliae Prodan; Bul. Grad. Bot. Univ. Cluj 25: 205 (1946)
= Iris sarajevoensis Prodan; Bul. Grad. Bot. Univ. Cluj 14: 135 (1934 publ. 1935)
= Iris stenoloba A.DC. ex Baker; Gard. Chron., n.s., 6: 648 (1876)
= Iris taurica Anon.; Ann. Hort. 1847: 78 (1847)
= Iris transsilvanica Schur; Verh. Mitth. Siebenbürg. Vereins Naturwiss. Hermannstadt 4: 73 (1853)
= Iris tristis Rchb.; Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 9: 3 (1847), nom. illeg.
= Iris violacea Sweet; Hort. Brit.: 393 (1826), nom. illeg.
species :
Iris purdyi Eastw.; Proc. Calif. Acad. Ser. III. 1: 78 (1897)
Name: Purdy´s iris
Distribution: USA (N-California, Oregon)
73 USA 76 USA
Remarks: subgen. Limniris
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris lansdaleana Eastw.; Leafl. W. Bot. 2: 186 (1939)
= Iris macrosiphon var. purdyi (Eastw.) Jeps.; Fl. Calif. 1: 325 (1921)
= Limniris purdyi (Eastw.) Rodion.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 92(4): 551 (2007)
species :
Iris purpureobractea B.Mathew & T.Baytop; The Garden 107: 447 (1982)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: Iris & Pogoniris
species :
Iris qinghainica Y.T.Zhao; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 18(1): 55-56 (1980)
Distribution: China (NE-Qinghai, SW-Gansu)
36 CHI
Remarks: subgen. Cryptobasis
Synonyms: hidden
= Cryptobasis qinghainica (Y.T.Zhao) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232(1): 61 (2015)
species :
Iris ramsayi T.Hall & B.Mathew; Iris Year Book 53 (2013)
Distribution: NE-India (Arunachal Pradesh)
40 IND
Remarks: Genus and taxonomic position uncertain
species :
Iris regis-uzziae Feinbrun; Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 37: 75 (1978)
Distribution: Israel (Rift Valley); Jordania (S-Jordania)
34 ISR JOR
Remarks: subgen. Juno
Synonyms: hidden
= Juno regis-uzziae (Feinbrun) Rodion.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 79(9): 105 (1994)
species :
Iris reichenbachiana Klatt; Linnaea 34: 1865 (1866) 613
Distribution: E-Spain; SE-France; Algeria
12 FRA SPA 20 ALG
Remarks: Chamaeiris, sect. Spuriae
Synonyms: hidden
= Chamaeiris reichenbachiana (Klatt) M.B.Crespo; Flora Montiber. 49: 68 (2011)
= Chamaeiris reichenbachiana var. hispanica (Bernátsky) M.B.Crespo; Flora Montiber. 49: 68 (2011)
= Iris maritima Lam.; Tabl. Encycl. 3: 497 (1823), nom. illeg.
= Iris spathulata f. hispanica Bernátsky; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 60: 343 (1910)
= Iris spuria subsp. maritima (Dykes) C.E.Lundstr.; Acta Horti Berg. 5(3): 15 (1914)
= Iris spuria subsp. maritima (Dykes) P.Fourn.; Quatre Fl. Fr. 190 (1935)
= Iris spuria subsp. maritima (Lam.) P.Fourn.; Quatre Fl. France 190 (1935)
= Iris spuria var. hispanica Dykes; Gen. Iris 60 (1913)
= Iris spuria var. maritima Dykes; Gen. Iris 59 (1913)
= Iris spuria var. reichenbachiana (Klatt) Dykes; Dykes, Gen. Iris: 60 (1913)
= Xyridion maritimum (Dykes) Rodion.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 90(1): 58 (2005)
= Xyridion reichenbachianum (Klatt) Klatt; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 30: 500 (1872)
species :
Iris reichenbachii Heuff.; Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 8: 206 (1858)
Distribution: Croatia; Albania; SW-Romania; Bulgaria; EC-Greece; East Aegaean Isl.
13 ALB BUL CRO GRC ROM 34 EAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris athoa Foster; Gard. Chron., ser. 3, 13: 711 (1893)
= Iris balkana Janka; Math. Term. Közlem. 12: 173 (1876)
= Iris bosniaca (Beck) Dörfl.; Exsicc. (Herb. Norm.) 1894: no. 3086 (1894)
= Iris chamaeiris subsp. balkana (Janka) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 254 (1890)
= Iris chamaeiris var. balkana (Janka) Baker; Gard. Chron., n.s., 6: 648 (1876)
= Iris livida James Booth ex Berg; Flora 16(1 Beibl.): 30 (1833), nom. illeg.
= Iris reichenbachii var. balkana (Janka) Acht.; Izv. Bot. Inst. (Sofia) 7: 34 (1960)
= Iris reichenbachii var. bosniaca Beck; Ann. K. K. Naturhist. Hofmus. 2: 51 (1887)
= Iris reichenbachii var. lutea Peia; Contrib. Bot. Cluj 1980: 32 (1980)
= Iris reichenbachii var. tenuifolia Velen.; Sitzungsber. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss., Math.-Naturwiss. Cl. 40: 8 (1899)
= Iris reichenbachii var. tubifera Velen.; Sitzungsber. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss., Math.-Naturwiss. Cl. 40: 8 (1899)
= Iris serbica Pancic; Fl. Agri Belgr.: 243 (1865)
= Iris skorpilii Velen.; Fl. Bulg. (1891) 535
= Iris virescens subsp. bosniaca (Beck) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 254 (1890)
= Iris virescens subsp. reichenbachii (Heuff.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 701 (1882)
species :
Iris relicta Colas.; Flora Medit. 6: 214 (1996), nom. nov.
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
Remarks: Iris & Pogoniris
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris suaveolens (N.Terracc.) A.Terracc.; Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital., n.s., 1: 182 (1894), nom. illeg.
= Iris ×germanica var. suaveolens N.Terracc.; Atti Reale Accad. Sci. Fis., ser. 2, 2(App.): 7 (1890)
species :
Iris reticulata M.Bieb.; Fl. Taur.-Caucasus 1: 34 (1808)
subspecies :
subsp. reticulata
Name: Netz-Schwertlilie (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus] (Kartli, Mtiuleti, Javakheti); Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, NW-Iran: Iranian Azerbaijan, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Kabul); India (Jammu & Kashmir)
11 ger 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG IRN IRQ TUR 40 IND
Remarks: subgen. Iridodictyum
Synonyms: hidden
= Iridodictyum bakerianum (Foster) Rodion.; Rod Iris-Iris L. (Vopr. Morfol. Biol. Evol. i Sist.) 202 (1961)
= Iridodictyum hyrcanum (Woronow ex Grossh.) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232: 61 (2015), isonym
= Iridodictyum hyrcanum (Woronow ex Grossh.) Rodion.; Rod Iris-Iris L. (Vopr. Morfol. Biol. Evol. i Sist.) 84 (1961)
= Iridodictyum reticulatum (M.Bieb.) Rodion.; Rod Iris-Iris L. (Vopr. Morfol. Biol. Evol. i Sist.) 202 (1961)
= Iris bakeriana Foster; Bot. Mag. 115: t.7084 (1889)
= Iris histrio var. atropurpurea (Dykes) Dykes; Gen. Iris: 223 (1913)
= Iris hyrcana Woronow ex Grossh.; Fl. Kavkaza 1: 250 (1928)
= Iris reticulata var. atropurpurea Dykes; Gard. Chron., ser. 3, 45: 113 (1909)
= Iris reticulata var. bakeriana (Foster) B.Mathew & Wendelbo; Rech.f., Fl. Iranica 112: 43 (1975)
= Iris reticulata var. cyanea Regel; Gartenflora 23: t. 797 (1874)
= Iris reticulata var. humilis Foster; Bulbous Irises: 59 (1892)
= Iris reticulata var. krelagei Regel; Gartenflora 22: 354 (1873)
= Iris reticulata var. purpurea Foster; Bulbous Irises: 60 (1892)
= Iris ×melaina Wehrh.; Gartenflora 77: 338 (1928)
= Neubeckia reticulata (M.Bieb.) Alef.; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 21: 297 (1863)
= Xiphion krelagii (Regel) Klatt; Abh. Naturf. Ges. Halle 15: 361 (1882)
= Xiphion reticulatum (M.Bieb.) Klatt; Linnaea 34: 572 (1866)
subspecies :
subsp. isikgunerae Güner & B.Mathew; e-Fl. Turkey (Iris): 30 (2021)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
subspecies :
subsp. kurdica (Ruksans) Güner; e-Fl. Turkey (Iris): 31 (2021)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Iridodictyum kurdicum (Ruksans) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232(1): 61 (2015)
= Iris kurdica (Ruksans) Ruksans; Int. Rock Gard. 112: 44, figs. 64-66 (2019)
= Iris reticulata var. kurdica Ruksans; Buried Treasures 363 (2007)
subspecies :
subsp. selahattinii Güner; Res. Türkiye Fl. 3a: 735 (2022)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Iris revoluta Colas.; Ann. Bot. (Rome), 35-36: 158 1976-77 (1978)
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
Remarks: Iris & Pogoniris
species :
Iris rodionenkoi (Lazkov & Naumenko) Lazkov & Sennikov; Memoranda Soc. Fauna Fl. Fenn. 90: 105 (2014)
Distribution: Kyrgyzstan
32 KGZ
Remarks: subgen. Juno
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris rodionenkoi (Lazkov & Naumenko) T.Hall; Brit. Iris Soc. Newslett. 12 (2014), isonym
= Juno rodionenkoi Lazkov & Naumenko; Turczaninowia 17(2): 33 (2014)
species :
Iris rosenbachiana Regel; Act. Hort. Petrop. 8: 675 (1884)
Distribution: Tajikistan; Afghanistan (Badakshan, Takhar)
32 TZK 34 AFG
Remarks: subgen. Juno, sect. Physocaulon
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris rosenbachiana var. violacea Regel; Gartenflora 35: 411 (1886)
= Juno rosenbachiana (Regel) Vved.; Byull. Sredne-Aziatsk. Gosud. Univ. 21: 152 (1935)
species :
Iris rossii Baker; Gard. Chron. (1877) II. 809
Distribution: China (E-Liaoning); North Korea; South Korea; Japan (Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu)
36 CHI 38 JAP KOR NKO
Remarks: subgen. Limniris
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris iyoana Makino; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 13: 111 (1899)
= Iris rossii f. alba Y.N.Lee; Korean J. Bot. 17(1): 35 (1974)
= Iris rossii f. albiflora Y.X.Ma & Y.T.Zhao; Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin 14: 16 (1994)
= Iris rossii f. latifolia (J.K.Sim & Y.S.Kim) M.Kim; Korean Endemic Pl. 350 (2004), et Korean Endemic Pl. 570 (2017)
= Iris rossii f. purpurascens Y.N.Lee; Bull. Korea Pl. Res. 5: 35 (2005)
= Iris rossii var. alba (Y.N.Lee) Y.N.Lee; Ill. Encycl. Fauna Fl. Korea 18: 165 (1976)
= Iris rossii var. latifolia J.K.Sim & Y.S.Kim; Korean J. Pl. Taxon. 22(1):1 (1992)
= Zhaoanthus rossii (Baker) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232: 60 (2015)
species :
Iris rudolphii F.O.Khass., Esankulov & Achilova; Stapfia 99: 207 (2013)
Distribution: Uzbekistan
32 UZB
Remarks: subgen. Juno
Synonyms: hidden
= Juno rudolphii (F.O.Khass., Esankulov & Achilova) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232(1): 54 (2015)
species :
Iris ruthenica Ker Gawl.; Bot. Mag. 28: pl. 1123 (1808)
Distribution: C-Romania; E-Romania; ?E-European Russia; Siberia (Altai, Buryatia, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva, W-Siberia); Russian Far East (Primorye); Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; China (Anhui, Gansu, Guizhou, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Yunnan); Mongolia; North Korea; South Korea; India (Arunachal Pradesh)
13 ROM 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ KGZ 36 CHI 37 MON 38 KOR NKO 40 IND
Remarks: subgen. Joniris
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris alpina Pall. ex Roem. & Schult.; Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis]. 1: 476 (1817)
= Iris brevituba (Maxim.) Vved. ex Nikitina; Fl. Kirgh. SSR 3: 131 (1951)
= Iris caespitosa Pall. ex Link; Jahrb. Gewächsk. 1(3): 71 (1820)
= Iris humilis Schur; Enum. Pl. Transs. 657 (1866), nom. illeg.
= Iris nana (Maxim.) Nakai; Mori, Enum. Pl. Cor. 98 (1922)
= Iris ruthenica f. leucantha Y.T.Zhao; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 18(1): 56. (1980)
= Iris ruthenica subsp. brevituba (Maxim.) Doronkin; Fl. Sibir. (Arac.-Orchidac.): 121 (1987)
= Iris ruthenica var. albiflora Bunge; Ledeb., Fl. Altaic. 1: 56 (1829)
= Iris ruthenica var. brevituba Maxim.; Bull. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Petersbourg 26(3): 516 (1880)
= Iris ruthenica var. nana Maxim.; Bull. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Petersbourg 26(3): 316-317 (1880)
= Iris ruthenica var. uniglumis Spach; Hist. Nat. Vég. 13: 36 (1846)
= Iris verna Pall.; Reise Russ. Reich. 3: 213 (1776), nom. illeg.
= Joniris brevituba (Maxim.) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232(1): 57 (2015)
= Joniris caespitosa (Pall. ex Link) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232(1): 57 (2015)
= Joniris ruthenica (Ker Gawl.) Klatt; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 30: 502 (1872)
= Limniris ruthenica (Ker Gawl.) Fuss; Fl. Transsilv.: 637 (1866)
= Xiphion ruthenicum (Ker Gawl.) Alef.; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 21: 297 (1863)
species :
Iris rutherfordii J.Mart.Rodr., P.Vargas, Carine & Jury; Candollea 64(1): 128 (2009)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Remarks: subgen. Xiphion
Synonyms: hidden
= Xiphion rutherfordii (J.Mart.Rodr., P.Vargas, Carine & Jury) J.Mart.Rodr. & M.B.Crespo; Nordic J. Bot. 31(1): 93 (2013)
species :
Iris sabina N.Terracc.; Atti Real Ist. Incoragg. Sci. Nat. Napoli, ser. 5, 1(5): 7 (1899)
Distribution: C-Italy
13 ITA
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Iris sanguinea Donn ex Hornem.; Hort. Bot. Hafn. 1: 58 (1813)
Name: Ostsibirische Schwertlilie (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Siberia (Buryatia, Chita, Irkutsk, Yakutia); Russian Far East (Amur, Khabarovsk, Kuril Isl., Primorye, Sakhalin); China (Heilongjiang, Jiangsu, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol); Mongolia; North Korea; South Korea; Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu); USA [I] (North Carolina [I])
11 ger 30 SIB 31 RFE 36 CHI 37 MON 38 JAP KOR NKO 78 usa
Remarks: subgen. Limniris. Often traded as "Iris sibirica"
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris extremiorientalis Koidz.; Bot. Mag., Tokyo 40: 330 (1926)
= Iris haematophylla Fisch.; Index Seminum (LE) 1823: 401 (1823), nom. illeg.
= Iris kamayama Makino; J. Jap. Bot. 7: 10 (1931)
= Iris nertchinskia Anon.; Ann. Hort. 1847: 75 (1847)
= Iris nertchinskia f. albostellata Tuyama; J. Jap. Bot. 38: 374 (1963)
= Iris nertchinskia var. pallidiflora Tuyama; J. Jap. Bot. 28: 204 (1953)
= Iris nertchinskia var. pumila Makino; Ill. Fl. Japan: 713 (1940), no Latin descr.
= Iris orientalis Thunb.; Trans. Linn. Soc. 2: 328 (1794) non Mill. (1768)
= Iris sanguinea Donn; Hortus Cantabrig., ed. 6: 17 (1811), nom. inval.
= Iris sanguinea f. albiflora Makino; J. Jap. Bot. 6: 32 (1929)
= Iris sanguinea f. albostellata (Tuyama) Nob.Tanaka; Fl. Jap. (Iwatsuki et al., eds.) 4b: 184 (2016)
= Iris sanguinea f. pallidiflora (Tuyama) Nob.Tanaka; Fl. Jap. (Iwatsuki et al., eds.) 4b: 184 (2016)
= Iris sanguinea f. sericiflora Y.N.Lee; Bull. Korea Pl. Res. 5: 34 (2005)
= Iris sanguinea f. stellata (Makino) Makino; J. Jap. Bot. 6: 32 (1929)
= Iris sanguinea f. tetrapetala Doronkin; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 75(3): 410 (1990)
= Iris sanguinea var. coronalis Y.N.Lee; Bull. Korea Pl. Res. 5: 32 (2005)
= Iris sanguinea var. tobataensis S.Akiyama & Iwashina; Bull. Natl. Mus. Nat. Sci., Tokyo, B. 35(4): 207 (2009)
= Iris sanguinea var. violacea Makino; J. Jap. Bot. 6: 32 (1929)
= Iris sanguinea var. yixingensis Y.T.Zhao; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 20(1): 99-100 (1982)
= Iris sibirica f. stellata Makino; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 25: 228 (1911)
= Iris sibirica var. haematophylla (Fisch. ex Link) Turcz.; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 11(1): 102 (1838)
= Iris sibirica var. orientalis (Schrank) Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 16: 139 (1877)
= Iris sibirica var. sanguinea (Hornem.) Ker Gawl.; Bot. Mag. 39: t. 1604 (1813)
= Iris thunbergii C.E.Lundstr.; Acta Horti Berg. 5(3): 16 (1914)
= Limniris sanguinea (Hornem.) Rodion.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 92(4): 551 (2007)
= Limniris sanguinea var. tobataensis (S.Akiyama & Iwashina) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232: 57 (2015)
= Limniris sanguinea var. violacea (Makino) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232: 57 (2015)
= Limniris yixingensis (Y.T.Zhao) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232: 57 (2015)
= Xiphion orientale Schrank; Flora 7(2 Beibl.): 19 (1824)
species :
Iris sari Schott ex Baker; Grad. Chron. ser. 2, 5: 788 (1876)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, S-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: Iris s. str., sect. Oncocyclus
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris lupina Foster; Gard. Chron. (1887) 1: 738
= Iris lurida Foster ex Freyn; Bull. Herb. Boissier, sér. 2, 1: 286 (1901), nom. illeg.
= Iris manissadjianii Freyn; Bull. Herb. Boissier 4: 180 (1896)
= Iris sari var. lurida Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 5: 131 (1882)
= Oncocyclus sari (Schott ex Baker) Klatt; Abh. Naturf. Ges. Halle 15: 373 (1882)
species :
Iris savannarum Small; Addisonia 9: 57 (1924 publ. 1925)
Name: Savanna iris
Distribution: USA (Florida)
78 USA
Remarks: subgen. Limniris
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris albispiritus Small; Addisonia 14: 3 (1929)
= Iris hexagona var. savannarum (Small) R.C.Foster; Contr. Gray Herb. 119: 49 (1937)
= Iris kimballiae Small; Addisonia 9: 59 (1924 publ. 1925)
= Iris rivularis Small; Addisonia 12: 11 (1927)
= Iris savannarum f. albispiritus (Small) N.C.Hend.; Bull. Amer. Iris Soc. 293: 80 (1994), contrary to Art. 45.1 (ICN 2012).
= Iris savannarum var. kimballiae (Small) D.B.Ward; Phytologia 93: 236 (2011)
= Phaeiris albispiritus (Small) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232: 59 (2015)
= Phaeiris savannarum (Small) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232: 59 (2015)
species :
Iris scariosa Willd. ex Link; Jahrb. Gewachsk. 1(3): 71 (1820)
Distribution: Siberia (Altai); Kazakhstan; Northern Caucasus; China (Xinjiang)
30 SIB 32 KAZ 33 NCS 36 CHI
Remarks: Subgen. Iris, Sect. Pogon
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris astrachanica Rodion.; Rod Iris-Iris L. (Vopr. Morfol. Biol. Evol. i Sist.) 130 (1961), sine descr. lat., et Dekorativ. Trab. Rast. Dlya Otkr. Grunta S.S.S.R. 1: 251 (1977)
= Iris biflora Falk; Beytr. Topogr. Kenntn. Russ. Reiches 2: 101 (1786), nom. illeg.
= Iris elongata Fisch. ex Baker; Gard. Chron., n.s., 6: 709 (1876)
= Iris eulefeldii Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 5: 633 (1878)
= Iris glaucescens var. elongata (Fisch. ex Baker) Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 16: 144 (1877)
= Iris glaucescens var. eulefeldii (Regel) Maxim.; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada, prepr. 6: 498 (1879)
= Iris pumila var. scariosa (Willd. ex Link) Schmalh.; Fl. Mitt. Sud. Russl.2: 470 (1897)
= Iris scariosa var. eulefeldii (Regel) Maxim.; Bull. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg, sér. 3, 26: 534 (1880)
species :
Iris schachtii Markgr.; Gartenbauwiss. 22: 550 (1957)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: Iris & Pogoniris
species :
Iris schelkownikowii (Fomin) Fomin; A. V. Fomin & G. J. N. Woronow, Opred. Rast. Kavk. 1: 299 (1907)
Distribution: Azerbaijan
33 AZE
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris acutiloba var. schelkownikowii Fomin; Trudy Tiflissk. Bot. Sada 6(3): 44 (1904)
= Iris schelkownikowii f. emaculata Grossh.; Izv. Azerbaidzhansk. Fil. 10: 33 (1944)
species :
Iris schmakovii Alexeeva; Turczaninowia 21(4): 145 (2018)
Distribution: Mongolia
37 MON
Remarks: Siphonostylis
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris humilis var. umbrosa Alexeeva; Turczaninowia 14(1): 59 (2011)
species :
Iris serotina Willk.; Willk. & Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hisp. 1: 141 (1861)
Distribution: SE-Spain; Morocco (Rif, Middle Atlas)
12 SPA 20 MOR
Remarks: subgen. Xiphion
Synonyms: hidden
= Helixyra setifolia N.E.Br.; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 48: 39 (1928)
= Iris cuatrecasasii Font Quer; Cavanillesia 5: 45 (1932) in obs.
= Iris variabilis subsp. serotina (Willk.) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 258 (1890)
= Xiphion serotinum (Willk.) Soják; Cas. Nár. Muz. (Prague), 150(3-4): 140 1981 (1982)
= Xiphion vulgare var. serotinum (Willk.) Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 16: 122 (1877)
species :
Iris setina Colas.; Giorn. Bot. Ital. 120(1-2) Suppl. 1: 112 (1989)
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
Remarks: Iris & Pogoniris
species :
Iris setosa Pall. ex Link; Jahrb. Gewachsk. 1(3): 71 (1820)
Distribution: Siberia (Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Yakutia); Russian Far East (Amur, Kamchatka, Khabarovsk, Kuril Isl., Magadan, Primorye, Sakhalin); China (E-Jilin); North Korea; South Korea; Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu); Alaska; Aleutes; Canada (Yukon)
30 SIB 31 RFE 36 CHI 38 JAP KOR NKO 70 ASK CDN
Remarks: subgen. Limniris
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris arctica Eastw.; Bot. Gaz. 33: 132 (1902)
= Iris brachycuspis Fisch. ex Sims; Bot. Mag. t. 2326 (1822)
= Iris brevicuspis Fisch. ex Schult.; Mant. 1: 306 (1822)
= Iris interior (E.S.Anderson) Czerep.; Sosud. Rast. S.S.S.R.: 263 (1981)
= Iris setosa f. alba K.Imai; Bull. Bot. Soc. Nagano 28: 26 (1995)
= Iris setosa f. rosea K.Imai; Bull. Bot. Soc. Nagano 28: 26 (1995)
= Iris setosa subsp. interior (E.S.Anderson) Hultén; Acta Univ. Lund., n. s. 39(1): 465 (1943)
= Iris setosa var. hondoensis Honda; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 51: 644 (1937)
= Iris setosa var. interior E.S.Anderson; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 23: 462 (1936)
= Iris setosa var. nasuensis H.Hara; J. Jap. Bot. 38: 116 (1963)
= Iris setosa var. platyrhyncha Hultén; Fl. Aleutian Isl.: 135 (1937)
= Iris yedoensis Franch. & Sav.; Enum. Pl. Jap. 2: 522 (1878)
= Limniris interior (E.S.Anderson) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232: 56 (2015)
= Limniris setosa (Pall. ex Link) Rodion.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 92: 552 (2007)
= Xiphion brachycuspis (Fisch. ex Sims) Alef.; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 21: 297 (1863)
= Xyridion setosum (Pall. ex Link) Klatt; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 30: 500 (1872)
species :
Iris sibirica L.; Sp. Fl. 39 (1753)
Name: Sibirische Schwertlilie (DE)
Distribution: Sweden [I]; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg [I], Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein [I], Saarland [I], Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; W-France; Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; ?Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; ?Macedonia; Romania; Bulgaria; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; E-European Russia; N-European Russia; W-European Russia; C-European Russia; Ukraine; Siberia (Altai, Krasnoyarsk, W-Siberia); Kazakhstan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (E-Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia); Mongolia; South Korea [I]; Canada [I] (British Columbia [I], Ontario [I]); USA [I] (California [I], Connecticut [I], Massachusetts [I], Maine [I], New Hampshire [I], New York [I], Pennsylvania [I], Vermont [I], Washington State [I])
10 swe 11 AUT CZE GER HUN LIE POL SLO SWI 12 FRA 13 BIH BUL CRO ITA KOS ROM SLV SRB 14 BLR EST LAT LIT RUS UKR 30 SIB 32 KAZ 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 TUR 37 MON 38 kor 71 cdn 72 cdn 73 usa 75 usa 76 usa
Remarks: Subgen. Limniris, Sect. Sibiricae
Synonyms: hidden
= Biris sibirica (L.) Medik.; Staatswirthschaftl. Vorles. Churpfälz. Phys.-Ökon. Ges. Heidelberg 1: 257 (1781)
= Iris acuta Willd.; Enum. Pl. Hort. Berol., Suppl.: 4 (1814)
= Iris angustifolia Gilib.; Exerc. Phyt. 2: 498 (1792), opus utique oppr.
= Iris angustifolia Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 44 (1796), nom. illeg.
= Iris bicolor Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. VIII. n. 13 (1768)
= Iris erirrhiza Posp.; Fl. Oesterr. Küstenl. 1: 269 (1897)
= Iris flexuosa Murray; Novi Comment. Soc. Regiae Sci. Gott. 7: 30 (1776)
= Iris mandraliscae Tineo ex Tornab.; Fl. Sicul.: 512 (1887), nom. illeg.
= Iris maritima Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. 8.: no. 11 (1768)
= Iris pratensis Lam.; Fl. Franç. 3: 498 (1779), nom. superfl.
= Iris pseudosibirica Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 657 (1866)
= Iris sibirica f. albiflora Makino; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 18: 65 (1904)
= Iris sibirica var. acuta (Willd.) Trevir.; Index Seminum (WROCL, Wratislaviensi) 1818: 4 (1818)
= Iris sibirica var. albida Regel; Index Seminum (LE, Petropolitanus) 1866: 79 (1867)
= Iris sibirica var. angustifolia Regel; Index Seminum (LE, Petropolitanus) 1865: 65 (1866)
= Iris sibirica var. erirrhiza (Posp.) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 3(4): 506 (1906)
= Iris sibirica var. flexuosa (Murray) Ker Gawl.; Bot. Reg. 5(Notes): s.p. (1819)
= Iris sibirica var. haematophylla Besser; Flora 17(1, Beibl.): 25 (1834)
= Iris sibirica var. pallida Regel; Index Seminum (LE, Petropolitanus) 1866: 79 (1867)
= Iris sibirica var. stenopetala Regel; Index Seminum (LE, Petropolitanus) 1866: 79 (1867)
= Iris spathulata Cav.; Descr. Pl. 2: 298 (1802), nom. illeg.
= Iris stricta Moench; Meth. 528 (1794), nom. illeg.
= Limnirion sibiricum (L.) Opiz; Seznam, 59 (1852)
= Limniris sibirica (L.) Fuss; Fl. Transs. 637 (1866)
= Xiphion flexuosum (Murray) Alef.; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 21: 297 (1863)
= Xiphion pratense Parl.; Nuov. Gen. Sp. Monocot.: 45 (1854)
= Xiphion sibiricum (L.) Schrank; Flora 7: II. Beibl. 19 (1824)
= Xyridion flexuosum (Murray) Klatt; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 30: 500 (1872)
= Xyridion sibiricum (L.) Klatt; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 30: 500 (1872)
species :
Iris sintenisii Janka; Term. Füz. 1 4: 244 (1877)
subspecies :
subsp. sintenisii
Distribution: Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; Greece; European Turkey; Moldova; Ukraine; Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia)
13 ALB BUL GRC KOS NMA ROM SRB TUE 14 MLD UKR 34 TUR
Remarks: Chamaeiris, sect. Chamaeiris
Synonyms: hidden
= Chamaeiris lorea (Janka) Peruzzi, F.Conti & Bartolucci; Inform. Bot. Ital. 46(2): 276 (2014)
= Chamaeiris sintenisii (Janka) M.B.Crespo; Flora Montiber. 49: 66 (2011)
= Chamaeiris sintenisii subsp. lorea (Janka) M.B.Crespo; Flora Montiber. 49: 66 (2011)
= Chamaeiris urumovii (Velen.) M.B.Crespo; Flora Montiber. 49: 66 (2011)
= Iris collina N.Terracc.; Rel. Peregr. Bot. Terra di Lavoro: 21 (1872), nom. nud.
= Iris foetidissima subsp. lorea (Janka) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 258 (1890)
= Iris foetidissima var. lorea (Janka) Fiori; Fl. Anal. Ital. 4(App.): 51 (1907)
= Iris graminea subsp. sintenisii (Janka) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 256 (1890)
= Iris graminea var. collina (N.Terracc.) Fiori; Fl. Anal. Ital. 1: 226 (1896)
= Iris lorea Janka; Term. Füz. 1: 245 (1877)
= Iris urumovii Velen.; Oesterr. Bot. Z., 155 (1902)
= Xiphion collium N.Terracc.; Rel. Peregr. Bot. Terra di Lavoro: 176 (1872)
= Xiphion gramineum subsp. loreum (Janka) Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital., ed. 2: 157 (1894)
= Xyridion sintenisii (Janka) Rodion.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 90(1): 58 (2005), nom. inval.
subspecies :
subsp. brandzae (Prodan) D.A.Webb & Chater; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 76: 315 (1978)
Distribution: Romania; W-Ukraine
13 ROM 14 UKR
Synonyms: hidden
= Chamaeiris urumovii subsp. brandzae (Prodan) M.B.Crespo; Flora Montiber. 49: 66 (2011)
= Iris brandzae f. topae Prodan; Bul. Grad. Bot. Univ. Cluj 15: 106 (1935 publ. 1936)
= Iris brandzae Prodan; Bul. Grad. & Muz. Bot. Univ. Cluj 15: 103 (1935 publ. 1936)
species :
Iris sisianica Zubov & Bondarenko; Int. Rock Gard. 99: [23] (2018)
Distribution: Armenia
33 ARM
Remarks: subgen. Alatavia
species :
Iris songarica Schrenk ex Fisch. & C.A.Mey.; Enum. Pl. Nov. 1: 3 (1841)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Iran (EC-Iran, E-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., NW-Iran: Iranian Azerbaijan, S-Iran, W-Iran); China (Xinjiang); Tibet
32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 34 IRN 36 CHI TIB
Remarks: subgen. Sclerosiphon
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris multiflora V.J.Zinger; Trudy Bot. Sada Imp. Yur´evsk. Univ. 2(3): 163 (1901)
= Iris songarica var. multiflora Kuntze; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 10: 242 (1887)
= Joniris songarica (Schrenk) Klatt; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 30: 502 (1872)
= Sclerosiphon songaricum (Schrenk) Nevski; Acta Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS, Ser. I. Fasc. 4, 331 (1937)
species :
Iris sophenensis (Foster) B.Mathew & Güner; Türk. Bitkileri List. 539 (2012)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Remarks: subgen. Iridodictyum
Synonyms: hidden
= Iridodictyum sophenensis (Foster) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232(1): 61 (2015)
= Iris histrioides var. sophenensis (Foster) Dykes; Gen. Iris: 225 (1913)
= Iris reticulata var. sophenensis Foster; Gard. Chron., n.s., 23: 470 (1885)
species :
Iris speculatrix Hance; J. Bot. 13(151): 196-197 (1875)
Distribution: China (Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang, Hongkong); Tibet
36 CHI TIB
Remarks: subgen. Evansia
Synonyms: hidden
= Evansia speculathrix (Hance) Klatt; Abh. Naturf. Ges. Halle 15: 373 (1882)
= Iris cavaleriei H.Lév.; Liliac. & C.Chine: 18 (1905)
= Iris grijsii Maxim.; Bull. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Petersbourg 26: 527 (1880)
= Iris speculatrix var. alba V.H.C.Jarrett; Sunyatsenia 3(4): 265 (1937)
= Limniris grijsii (Maxim.) Rodion.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 92(4): 553 (2007)
= Zhaoanthus speculatrix (Hance) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232: 60 (2015)
species :
Iris sprengeri Siehe; Gard. Chron. ser. 3, 36: 50, f. 21 (1904)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: Iris s. str., sect. Oncocyclus
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris elisabethae Siehe; Allg. Bot. Z. Syst. 11: 115 (1905)
= Iris ewbankiana var. elizabethae (Siehe) Dykes; Gen. Iris: 112 (1913)
species :
Iris spuria L.; Sp. Pl. 39 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. spuria
Name: Wiesen-Schwertlilie (DE)
Distribution: E-England [I]; S-Sweden; Denmark; Germany (Hessen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Thüringen [I]); Austria; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Italy [I]; India [I] (Jammu & Kashmir [I]); New Zealand [I]
10 DEN grb SWE 11 AUT CZE GER HUN SLO 13 ita 40 ind 51 nzl
Remarks: Chamaeiris, sect. Spuriae
Synonyms: hidden
= Chamaeiris spuria (L.) Medik.; Hist. & Commentat. Acad. Elect. Sci. Theod.-Palat. 6: 418 (1790)
= Iris cardiopetala Borbás; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 38: 325 (1888)
= Iris gueldenstaedtiana subsp. subbarbata (Joó) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 702 (1882)
= Iris sordida Retz.; Fasc. Obs. Bot.: 6 (1774)
= Iris spathacea J.St.-Hil. ex Roem. & Schult.; Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis]. 1: 468 (1817), nom. illeg.
= Iris spathulata Lam.; Encycl. 3: 300 (1789), nom. illeg.
= Iris spuria subsp. dierinckii (K.Koch ex Baker) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 3: 496 (1906)
= Iris spuria subsp. subbarbata (Joó) C.E.Lundstr.; Acta Horti Berg. 5(3): 15 (1914)
= Iris spuria var. dierinckii K.Koch ex Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 16: 140 (1877)
= Iris spuria var. major Rchb.; Fl. Germ. Excurs.: 82 (1830)
= Iris spuria var. subbarbata (Joó) Baker; Handb. Irid.: 15 (1892)
= Iris subbarbata Joó; Verh. Mitth. Siebenbürg. Vereins Naturwiss. Hermannstadt 2: 98 (1851)
= Limniris spuria (L.) Fuss; Fl. Transs. 637 (1866)
= Xiphion spurium (L.) Alef.; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 21: 297 (1863)
= Xyridion spurium (L.) Fourr.; Ann. Soc. L. Lyon, N. S. 17: 163 (1869)
variant :
var. danica Dykes; Gen. Iris 61 (1913)
Distribution: Denmark (Saltholm Isl.)
10 DEN
Synonyms: hidden
= Chamaeiris spuria var. danica (Dykes) M.B.Crespo; Flora Montiber. 49: 68 (2011)
subspecies :
subsp. carthaliniae (Fomin) B.Mathew; Iris: 117 (1981)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; W-Georgia [Caucasus]
33 NCS
Synonyms: hidden
= Chamaeiris carthaliniae (Fomin) M.B.Crespo; Flora Montiber. 49: 66 (2011)
= Chamaeiris violacea (Klatt) M.B.Crespo; Flora Montiber. 49: 69 (2011)
= Iris carthaliniae Fomin; Monit. Jard. Bot. Tiflis 14: 44 (1909)
= Iris klattii Kem.-Nath.; Grossh., Opr. Rast. Kauk. 635 (1949)
= Iris violacea Klatt; Linnaea 35: 1867 (1868) 384 non Savi (1815)
= Xyridion carthaliniae (Fomin) Rodion.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 90(1): 58 (2005)
= Xyridion violaceum (Klatt) Klatt; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 30: 500 (1872)
subspecies :
subsp. demetrii (Achv. & Mirzoeva) B.Mathew; Iris: 117 (1981)
Distribution: Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan
33 ARM AZE GEO
Synonyms: hidden
= Chamaeiris prilipkoana (Kem.-Nath.) M.B.Crespo; Flora Montiber. 49: 68 (2011)
= Iris demetrii Achv. & Mirzoeva; Trans. Bot. Inst. Acad. Sci. Armen. SSR 7: 27 (1950), nomen
= Iris prilipkoana Kem.-Nath.; Grossh., Opr. Rast. Kauk. 635 (1949)
= Xyridion demetrii (Achv. & Mirzoeva) Rodion.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 90(1): 58 (2005)
subspecies :
subsp. musulmanica (Fomin) Takht.; Takht. & Fed., Fl. Erevana, ed. 2: 330 (1972)
Distribution: Georgia [Caucasus] (Kartli); Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, SE-Anatolia); Iran (N-Iran, NW-Iran: Iranian Azerbaijan, W-Iran, EC-Iran, NE-Iran)
33 ARM AZE GEO 34 IRN TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris daenensis Kotschy ex Baker; Joutn. Linn. Soc. 16: 140 (1877)
= Iris musulmanica Fomin; Monit. Jard. Bot. Tiflis 14: 46 (1909)
= Iris spuria var. daenensis (Kotschy ex Baker) Baker; Handb. Irid.: 15 (1892)
= Xyridion musulmanicum (Fomin) Rodion.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 90(1): 58 (2005)
subspecies :
subsp. xanthospuria (B.Mathew & T.Baytop) Güner; e-Fl. Turkey (Iris): 18 (2021)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Chamaeiris xanthospuria (B.Mathew & T.Baytop) M.B.Crespo; Flora Montiber. 49: 69 (2011)
= Iris xanthospuria B.Mathew & T.Baytop; Garden (London, 1975+) 107: 446 (1982)
= Xyridion xanthospurium (B.Mathew & T.Baytop) Rodion.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 90(1): 58 (2005)
species :
Iris staintonii Hara; J. Jap. Bot. 49: 203, f. 5 (1974)
Distribution: Nepal
40 NEP
Remarks: subgen. Evansia
Synonyms: hidden
= Junopsis staintonii (Hara) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232(1): 55 (2015)
species :
Iris statellae Tod.; Nuov. Gen. Sp.: 5 (1858)
Distribution: Sicily
13 SIC
Remarks: Iris & Pogoniris
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris lutescens var. statellae (Tod.) Baker; Handb. Irid.: 33 (1892)
= Iris virescens var. statellae (Tod.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 701 (1882)
species :
Iris stenophylla Hausskn. ex Baker; Gard. Chron., I. 170 (1900)
subspecies :
subsp. stenophylla
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: subgen. Juno
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris heldreichii Siehe; Gard. Chron., ser. 3, 29: 190 (1901), nom. superfl.
= Iris persica var. stenophylla (Hausskn. ex Baker) Dykes; Gen. Iris: 192 (1913)
= Iris stenophylla subsp. margaretiae Güner; Güner et al., Türk. Bitkileri List.: 896 (2012)
= Juno heldreichii Kamelin; Florogenet. Anal. Estest. Fl. Gorn. Sred. Azii: 252 (1973), nom. superfl.
= Juno stenophylla (Hausskn. & Siehe) Rodion.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 79(9): 105 (1994)
= Thelysia persica Parl.; Fl. Ital. 3: 317 (1857)
= Xiphion persicum Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. 8: 1 (1768)
subspecies :
subsp. allisonii B.Mathew; Garden (London), 106(11): 478 (1981)
Distribution: S-Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Juno allisonii (B.Mathew) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232(1): 53 (2015)
subspecies :
subsp. tauri (Siehe ex Mallett) Güner; e-Fl. Turkey, (Iris): 82 (2021)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris persica var. tauri (Siehe) Dykes; Gen. Iris: 192 (1913)
= Iris tauri Siehe ex Mallett; Gard. Chron., ser. 3, 29: 190 (1901)
= Juno tauri (Siehe ex Mallett) Kamelin; Florogenet. Anal. Estest. Fl. Gorn. Sred. Azii 252 (1973)
species :
Iris stocksii (Baker) Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 5: 128 (1882)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Farah, Ghazni, Helmand, Herat, Kabul, Kandahar, Logar, Wardak, Orozgan / Daykundi, Paktia / Khost, Zabul); Pakistan (Baluchistan, Quetta, Kurram)
34 AFG 40 PAK
Remarks: subgen. Juno
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris stocksii (Baker) Hemsl. & Lace; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 28: 320 (1891), isonym
= Juno stockii (Boiss.) Rodion.; Rod Iris-Iris L. (Vopr. Mofiol. Biol. Evol. i Sist.) 207 (1961)
= Juno stocksii (Baker) Klatt; Abh. Naturf. Ges. Halle 12: 362 (1882)
= Xiphion stocksii Baker; Gard. Chron., n.s., 5: 723 (1876)
species :
Iris stolonifera Maxim.; Bull. Acad. Petersb. 26: 535 (1880)
Distribution: Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Tajikistan
32 TKM TZK UZB
Remarks: Iris s. str., sect. Regelia
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris bloudowii var. turkestanica Franch.; Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 6, 18: 262 (1884)
= Iris leichtlinii Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 8: 680 (1884)
= Iris stolonifera var. estolonifera Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 8: 680 (1884)
= Iris stolonifera var. leichtlinii (Regel) Peckham; Alphabet. Iris Check List: 517 (1939)
= Iris stolonifera var. vaga (Foster ex Regel) Peckham; Alphabet. Iris Check List: 517 (1939)
= Iris vaga Foster ex Regel; Gartenflora 36: 204 (1887)
species :
Iris straussii Leichtlin ex Micheli; Rev. Hort. (Paris) 71: 363 (1899)
Distribution: Iran (W-Iran)
34 IRN
Remarks: Subgen. Iris, Sect. Pogon
species :
Iris suaveolens Boiss. & Reut.; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Or. Nov. 2(13): 15 (1853)
Distribution: Serbia; Kosovo; SE-Romania; Bulgaria; ?Greece; European Turkey; East Aegaean Isl.; Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia)
13 BUL KOS ROM SRB TUE 34 EAI TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Iris, Sect. Pogon
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris glockiana O.Schwarz; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 36: 74 (1934)
= Iris mellita Janka; Magyar. Tud. Akad. Math. Term. 12: 172 (1874)
= Iris rubromarginata Baker; Gard. Chron. 1875 1: 524 (1875)
= Iris rubromarginata subsp. mellita (Janka) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 254 (1890)
= Iris rubromarginata var. mellita (Janka) Hayek; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 30: 120 (1932)
= Iris suaveolens f. aureoflava Prodan; Bul. Fac. Agron. Cluj 8: 376 (1940)
= Iris suaveolens f. flavobarbata Prodan; Bul. Fac. Agron. Cluj 8: 376 (1940)
species :
Iris subdecolorata Vved.; Key Pl. Envir. Tashkent, ed. Popov, 75 (1923)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Uzbekistan
32 KAZ UZB
Remarks: subgen. Juno
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris subdecolorata (Vved.) F.O.Khass. & Rakhimova; Stapfia 97: 178 (2012), nom. illeg. later homonym
= Juno subdecolorata (Vved.) Vved.; Fl. Uzbekist., ed. Schreder 1: 516 (1941)
species :
Iris subdichotoma Y.T.Zhao; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 18(1): 57-58 (1980)
Distribution: China (NW-Yunnan)
36 CHI
Remarks: subgen. Pardanthopsis
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris subdichotoma f. alba Y.G.Shen & Y.T.Zhao; Acta Bot. Yunnan. 26: 492 (2004)
= Pardanthopsis subdichotoma (Y.T.Zhao) Innes; World of Iridaceae 305 (1985)
= Pardanthopsis subdichotoma (Y.T.Zhao) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232: 52 (2015), isonym
species :
Iris susiana L.; Sp. Pl. 38 (1753)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon)
34 LEB TUR
Remarks: Iris s. str., sect. Oncocyclus
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris grandiflora Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 43 (1796), nom. superfl.
= Iris kasruwana Dinsm.; Post, Fl. Syria, ed. 2, 2: 597 (1933)
= Iris livida Tratt.; Arch. Gewächsk.: t. 129 (nigr. 176) (1814)
= Iris punctata Moench; Methodus: 527 (1794)
= Iris sofarana f. franjieh Chaudhary, G.Kirkw. & C.Weymouth; Bot. Notiser 128(4): 391 (1975 publ. 1976)
= Iris sofarana f. kasruwana (Dinsm.) Mouterde; Nouv. Fl. Liban Syrie 1: 319 (1966)
= Iris sofarana Foster; Gard. Chron., II. 389 (1899)
= Iris sofarana subsp. kasruwana (Dinsm.) Chaudhary, G.Kirkw. & C.Weymouth; Bot. Notiser 128(4): 392 (1975 publ. 1976)
= Iris sofarana var. magnifica Siehe; Gard. Chron., ser. 3, 36: 162 (1904)
= Oncocyclus susianus (L.) K.Koch; Linnaea 21: 639 (1848)
species :
Iris svetlanae (Vved.) T.Hall & Seisums; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 167(3): 300 (2011)
Distribution: Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Tajikistan
32 TKM TZK UZB
Remarks: subgen. Juno
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris svetlanae (Vved.) F.O.Khass.; Red Data Book Uzbekistan ed. 4: 85 (2009), isonym
= Juno svetlanae Vved.; Opred. Rast. Sred. Azii 2: 322 (1971)
species :
Iris swensoniana Chaudhary; Bot. Notiser 128: 406, f. 7D (1976)
Distribution: Syria (Jbel Druze)
34 SYR
Remarks: Iris s. str., sect. Oncocyclus
species :
Iris tadshikorum (Vved.); V. L. Kom. (ed.), Fl. URSS 4: 563 (1935)
Distribution: Uzbekistan; Tajikistan
32 TZK UZB
Remarks: subgen. Juno, sect. Wendelboa
Synonyms: hidden
= Juno tadshikorum Vved.; Byull. Sredne-Aziatsk. Gosud. Univ. 21: 152 (1935)
species :
Iris taochia Woronow ex Grossh.; Fl. Kavk. 1: 256 (1928)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Iris, Sect. Pogon
species :
Iris tarhunensis (Borzì & Mattei) Pamp.; Pl. Tripol.: 59 (1914)
Distribution: Libya
20 LBY
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris planifolia var. tarhunensis (Borzì & Mattei) Maire & Weiller; Fl. Afrique N. 6: 155 (1959 publ. 1960)
= Juno tarhunensis (Borzì & Mattei) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 376: 192 (2018)
= Thelysia tarhunensis Borzì & Mattei; Boll. Reale Orto Bot. Palermo 11: 240 (1912 publ. 1913)
species :
Iris tectorum Maxim.; Bull. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Petersbourg 15(3): 380-381 (1871)
Distribution: China (Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang); Tibet; South Korea [I]; Japan [I]; Bhutan [I]; India [I] (Sikkim [I]); Java [I]; USA [I] (New Hampshire [I])
36 CHI TIB 38 jap kor 40 bhu ind 42 jaw 75 usa
Remarks: subgen. Evansia
Synonyms: hidden
= Evansia tectorum (Maxim.) Klatt; Abh. Naturf. Ges. Halle 12: 373 (1882)
= Iris chinensis Bunge; Enum. Pl. China Bor.: 64 (1833), nom. illeg.
= Iris rosthornii Diels; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 29(2): 261-262 (1900)
= Iris tectorum f. alba (Dykes) Makino; Ill. Fl. Nippon 714 (1940)
= Iris tectorum var. alba Dykes; Gen. Iris 103 (1913)
= Iris tectorum var. aurescens Nakai; J. Jap. Bot. 20: 188 (1944)
= Iris tomiolopha Hance; J. Bot. 10: 229 (1872)
= Tectiris tectorum (Maxim.) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232: 56 (2015)
species :
Iris tenax Douglas; Bot. Reg. t. 1218 (1829)
subspecies :
subsp. tenax
Name: Toughleaf iris
Distribution: USA (Oregon, Washington State)
73 USA
Remarks: subgen. Limniris
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris gormanii Piper; Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 37: 91 (1924)
= Iris tenax var. gormanii (Piper) R.C.Foster; Contr. Gray Herb. 119: 18 (1937)
= Joniris tenax (Douglas) Klatt; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 30: 502 (1872)
= Limniris tenax (Douglas ex Lindl.) Rodion.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 92(4): 552 (2007)
subspecies :
subsp. klamathensis L.W.Lenz; Aliso 4: 64 (1958)
Name: Klamath iris
Distribution: USA (California)
76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Limniris klamathensis (L.W.Lenz) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232: 56 (2015)
species :
Iris tenuifolia Pall.; Reise Russ. Reich. 3: 714, pl. C, f. 2 (1776)
Distribution: SE-European Russia; Siberia (Chita); Kazakhstan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; China (Gansu, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Xinjiang); Tibet; Mongolia; Pakistan (Baluchistan, Chitral)
14 RUS 30 SIB 32 KAZ KGZ TZK UZB 36 CHI TIB 37 MON 40 PAK
Remarks: subgen. Cryptobasis
Synonyms: hidden
= Cryptobasis mariae Mavrodiev; Byull. Moskovsk. Obshch. Isp. Prir., Otd. Biol., n.s., 107(5): 78 (2002)
= Cryptobasis regelii (Maxim.) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232: 61 (2015)
= Cryptobasis tenuifolia (Pall.) Nevski; Acta Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS, Ser. 1, Fasc. 4, 244 (1937)
= Iris acaulis Pall.; Reise 3: 213 (1776)
= Iris regelii Maxim.; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada, prepr. 6: 495 (1879)
= Joniris tenuifolia (Pall.) Klatt; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 30: 502 (1872)
= Neubeckia tenuifolia (Pall.) Alef.; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 21: 297 (1863)
= Xiphion tenuifolium (Pall.) Schrank; Flora 7: II. Beibl. 19, 20 (1824)
species :
Iris tenuis S.Watson; Proc. Amer. Acad. 17: 1881 (1882) 380
Name: Clackamas iris
Distribution: USA (Oregon)
73 USA
Remarks: Rodionenkoa
Synonyms: hidden
= Rodionenkoa tenuis (S.Watson) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232: 66 (2015)
species :
Iris tenuissima Dykes; Gard Chron., Ser. III. 51: 18 (1912)
subspecies :
subsp. tenuissima
Name: Longtube iris
Distribution: USA (California)
76 USA
Remarks: subgen. Limniris
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris citrina Eastw.; Leafl. W. Bot. 3: 125 (1942)
= Iris humboldtiana Eastw.; Leafl. W. Bot. 2: 263 (1940)
= Limniris tenuissima (Dykes) Rodion.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 92(4): 552 (2007)
subspecies :
subsp. purdyiformis (R.C.Foster) L.W.Lenz; Aliso 4: 71 (1958)
Distribution: USA (California)
76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris tenuissima var. purdyiformis R.C.Foster; Contr. Gray Herb. 119: 28 (1937)
= Limniris purdyiformis (R.C.Foster) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232: 57 (2015)
species :
Iris tibetica (Dykes) Bolt.; Phytotaxa 338(3): 235 (2018)
Distribution: Tibet
36 TIB
Remarks: subgen. Limniris
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris ensata f. tibetica Dykes; Gard. Chron., ser. 3, 59: 194 (1916)
species :
Iris tigridia Bunge; Fl. Altaic. 1: 60-61 (1829)
Distribution: Siberia (Buryatia, Chita, Altai, TUva); Kazakhstan; China (Gansu, Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Qinghai, Shanxi, Sichuan); Mongolia
30 SIB 32 KAZ 36 CHI 37 MON
Remarks: Iris s. str., sect. Psammiris
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris pandurata Maxim.; Bull. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Petersbourg 26(3): 529-530 (1880)
= Iris ivanovae Doronkin; Fl. Sibir. (Arac.-Orchidac.): 117 (1987)
variant :
var. fortis Y.T.Zhao; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 18(1): 60 (1980)
Distribution: China (C-Jilin, E-Nei Mongol, Shanxi)
36 CHI
species :
Iris timofejewii Woronow; Bot. Mater. Gerb. Glavn. Bot. Sada R.S.F.S.R. 5: 62 (1924)
Distribution: E-Northern Caucasus
33 NCS
Remarks: Subgen. Iris, Sect. Pogon
species :
Iris tingitana Boiss. & Reut.; Pugill. Pl. Afr. Bor. Hispan.: 113 (1852)
Distribution: Morocco; Algeria
20 ALG MOR
Remarks: Subgen. Xiphion, Sect. Xiphium
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris fontanesii Godr.; Gren. & Godr., Fl. France Corse 3: 245 (1855)
= Iris fontanesii var. mellorii Ingram; Iris Year Book. 1973: 97 (1973)
= Iris theresiae Sennen & Mauricio; Diagn. Nouv.: 206 (1936)
= Iris tingitana subvar. angustifolia Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afr. N. 20: 204 (1929)
= Iris tingitana subvar. latifolia Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afr. N. 20: 204 (1929)
= Iris tingitana var. fontanesii (Godr.) Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 20: 204 (1929)
= Iris xiphium Desf.; Fl. Atlant. 1: 37 (1798), nom. illeg.
= Iris xiphium var. fontanesii (Godr.) Pérez Lara; Anales Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 15: 439 (1886)
= Xiphion fontanesii (Godr.) Baker; Gard. Chron., n.s., 5: 559 (1876)
= Xiphion tingitanum (Boiss. & Reut.) Baker; J. Bot. 9: 13 (1871)
= Xiphion tingitanum (Boiss. & Reut.) Rodion.; Red Iris-Iris L. (Vopr. Morfol. Biol. Evol. i Sist.) 201 (1961)
species :
Iris tridentata Pursh; Fl. Am. Sept. 1: 30 (1814)
Name: Savannah iris
Distribution: USA (Florida, Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee)
78 USA
Remarks: subgen. Limniris
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris falconeriana Penny ex Loudon; Gard. Mag. & Reg. Rural Domest. Improv. 5: 471 (1829)
= Iris tripetala Walter; Fl. Carol.: 66 (1788), nom. illeg.
= Limniris tridentata (Pursh) Rodion.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 92(4): 552 (2007)
= Xyridion tridentatum (Pursh) Klatt; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 30: 500 (1872)
species :
Iris tschandalasica Urusov; Issled. Konstruir. Landshaftov Dal´n. Vost. i. Sib. 4: 117 (1999)
Distribution: Russian Far East (Primorye)
31 RFE
species :
Iris tubergeniana Foster; Gard. Chron., 1. 225 (1899)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Uzbekistan
32 KAZ UZB
Remarks: subgen. Juno
Synonyms: hidden
= Juno tubergeniana (Foster) Vved.; Fl. Uzbekist., ed. Schreder 1: 520 (1941)
species :
Iris tuberosa L.; Sp. Pl. 40 (1753)
Name: Hermesfinger (DE); Snake´s-head Iris (EN)
Distribution: England [I]; Portugal [I]; Spain [I]; France; ?Corsica; Italy; Sicily; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; ?Serbia; Kosovo; ?Macedonia; Albania; Greece; Crete; Algeria [I]; Libya [I]; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos)
10 grb 12 FRA por spa 13 ALB BIH CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MNT SIC 20 alg lby 34 EAI
Remarks: subgen. Hermodactylus
Synonyms: hidden
= Hermodactylus bispathaceus Sweet; Brit. Fl. Gard. 5: t. 146 (1832)
= Hermodactylus calatajeronensis Tod. ex Lojac.; Fl. Sic. 3: 74 (1909)
= Hermodactylus longifolius Sweet; Brit. Fl. Gard. ser. 2, 2: t. 146 (1832)
= Hermodactylus repens Sweet; Brit. Fl. Gard. 5: t. 146 (1832)
= Hermodactylus tuberosus (L.) Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. 8 (1768)
= Hermodactylus tuberosus subsp. longifolius (Sweet) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 253 (1890)
= Hermodactylus tuberosus var. longifolius (Sweet) Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. London Bot. 16: 148 (1877)
= Hermodactylus zambranii Lojac.; Fl. Sicul. 3: 74 (1909)
= Iris bispathacea (Sweet) Spach; Hist. Nat. Vég. 13: 15 (1846)
= Iris longifolia (Sweet) Spach; Hist. Nat. Vég. 13: 14 (1846), nom. illeg.
species :
Iris typhifolia Kitag.; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 48(566): 94, f. 10 (1934)
Distribution: China (W-Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol)
36 CHI
Remarks: subgen. Limniris
Synonyms: hidden
= Limniris typhifolia (Kitag.) Rodion.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 92(4): 551 (2007)
species :
Iris unguicularis Poir.; Voy. Barbarie 2: 86 (1789)
subspecies :
subsp. unguicularis
Distribution: Algeria; Tunisia; Australia [I] (South Australia [I]); Chatham Isl. [I]
20 ALG TUN 50 aus 51 ctm
Remarks: Siphonostylis
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris stylosa Desf.; Fl. Atlant. 1: 40. t. 5 (1798)
= Iris unguicularis f. albiflora Maire & Weiller; Fl. Afrique N. 6: 150 (1959 publ. 1960), no Latin descr.
= Iris unguicularis f. lilacina Spreng. ex André; Rev. Hort. (Paris) 72: 300 (1900)
= Iris unguicularis f. marginata Spreng. ex André; Rev. Hort. (Paris) 72: 300 (1900)
= Iris unguicularis f. pavonia Spreng. ex André; Rev. Hort. (Paris) 72: 300 (1900)
= Iris unguicularis f. speciosa Spreng. ex André; Rev. Hort. (Paris) 72: 300 (1900)
= Joniris stylosa (Desf.) Klatt; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 30: 502 (1872)
= Neubeckia stylosa (Desf.) Alef.; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 21: 297 (1863)
= Neubeckia unguicularis (Poir.) Alef. ex Nyman; Consp. 702, Index 980 (1882)
= Siphonostylis unguicularis (Poir.) Wern.Schulze; Oesterr. Bot. Z. cxii. 331, 335 (1965)
subspecies :
subsp. angustifolia (Boiss. & Heldr.) Greuter; Bocconea 25: 101 (2012)
Distribution: Greece; East Aegaean Isl. (Rhodos); Turkey (S-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Lebanon (C-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains)
13 GRC 34 EAI LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris stylosa var. angustifolia Boiss. & Heldr.; Boiss., Diagn. 1(13): 15 (1853)
= Iris unguicularis var. angustifolia (Boiss. & Heldr.) A.P.Davis & Jury; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 103: 296 (1990)
= Siphonostylis carica var. angustifolia (Boiss. & Heldr.) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232: 67 (2015)
subspecies :
subsp. carica (Wern.Schulze) A.P.Davis & Jury; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 103: 295 (1990)
Distribution: Greece; East Aegaean Isl.
13 GRC 34 EAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris unguicularis var. carica (Wern.Schulze) A.P.Davis & Jury; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 103: 295 (1990)
= Siphonostylis carica (Wern.Schulze) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232: 67 (2015)
= Siphonostylis cretensis subsp. carica Wern.Schulze; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 112: 338 (1965)
subspecies :
subsp. cretensis (Janka) A.P.Davis & Jury; Bot. J. Linn. Soc., 103(3): 294 (1990)
Name: Kretische Schwertlilie (DE), Winter-blooming Iris (EN)
Distribution: Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (Karpathos)
13 KRI 34 EAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris cretensis Janka; Oesterr. Bot. Z. (1867) 376, et Oesterr. Bot. Z. 18: 382 (1868)
= Iris cretica Herb.; Hook., Bot. Beechey Voy. 9: 396 (1840)
= Iris humilis Sieber ex Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 16: 138 (1877), nom. inval.
= Iris humilis subsp. cretensis (Janka) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 703 (1882)
= Siphonostylis cretensis (Janka) Wern.Schulze; Oesterr. Bot. Z. cxii. 338 (1965)
subspecies :
subsp. syriaca (Wern.Schulze) Güner; e-Fl. Turkey (Iris): 9 (2021)
Distribution: Turkey; Syria
34 SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris unguicularis var. syriaca (Wern.Schulze) A.P.Davis & Jury; Bot. J. Linn. Soc., 103(3): 297 (1990)
= Siphonostylis carica var. syriaca (Wern.Schulze) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232: 67 (2015)
= Siphonostylis cretensis subsp. syriaca Wern.Schulze; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 112: 339 (1965)
species :
Iris uniflora Pall. ex Link; Jahrb. Gewächsk. 1(3): 71 (1820)
Distribution: Siberia (Buryatia, Chita, Yakutia); Russian Far East (Amur, Khabarovsk, Primorye); China (Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol); Mongolia; North Korea
30 SIB 31 RFE 36 CHI 37 MON 38 NKO
Remarks: subgen. Joniris
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris ruthenica var. uniflora (Pall. ex Link) Baker; Handb. Irid. 4 (1892)
= Iris uniflora f. caricina (Kitag.) P.Y.Fu & Y.A.Chen; Fl. Plant. Herb. Chinae Bor.-Or 12: 213 (1998)
= Iris uniflora var. caricina Kitag.; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 49(580): 232-233 f. 4. (1935)
= Joniris uniflora (Pall. ex Link) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232(1): 57 (2015)
= Joniris uniflora var. caricina (Kitag.) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232(1): 57 (2015)
= Limniris uniflora (Pall. ex Link) Rodion.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 92(4): 553 (2007)
species :
Iris urmiensis Jekyll & E.T.Cook; Garden (London, 1871-1927) 57: 471 (1900)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris barnumiae f. urmiensis (Jekyll & E.T.Cook) B.Mathew & Wendelbo; Fl. Iranica 112: 34 (1975)
= Iris barnumiae var. urmiensis (Jekyll & E.T.Cook) Dykes; Gen. Iris: 115 (1913)
= Iris chrysantha Baker; Bot. Mag. t. 7784 (1901)
= Iris polakii f. urmiensis (Jekyll & E.T.Cook) Stapf; Bot. Mag. 155: t. 9279 (1932)
species :
Iris variegata L.; Sp. Pl. 38 (1753)
Name: Bunte Schwertlilie (DE)
Distribution: Germany (Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern [I], Sachsen [I]); Switzerland [I]; Austria; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Italy [I]; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; ?Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; W-Ukraine; India [I] (Jammu & Kashmir [I]); USA [I] (Massachusetts [I])
11 AUT CZE GER HUN SLO swi 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO ita KOS MNT ROM SRB 14 UKR 40 ind 75 usa
Remarks: Subgen. Iris, Sect. Pogon
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris flavescens Redouté; Liliac. 7: t. 375 (1812)
= Iris lepida Heuff.; Flora 36: 621 (1853)
= Iris leucographa A.Kern.; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 13: 213 (1863)
= Iris limbata Besser ex Steud.; Nomencl. Bot. 1: 438 (1821)
= Iris mangaliae Prodan; Fl. Dobrudscha Meeresk. Rum., ed. 2: 185 (1939)
= Iris reginae Horvat & M.D.Horvat; Glasn. Biol. Sekc., Ser. 2/B, 1: 18 (1947)
= Iris rudskyi Horvat & M.D.Horvat; Glasn. Biol. Sekc., Ser. IIB 1: 20 (1947)
= Iris variegata lusus aurea Priszter; Bot. Közlem. 59: 46 (1972)
= Iris variegata lusus ochroleuca Priszter; Bot. Közlem. 59: 46 (1972)
= Iris variegata subsp. leucographa (A.Kern.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 700 (1882)
= Iris variegata subsp. leucographa (A.Kern.) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung., 17(1-2): 125 (1971 publ. 1972), isonym
= Iris variegata var. foienii Prodan & Buia; Bul. Grad. Bot. Univ. Cluj 25: 197 (1945)
= Iris variegata var. pontica Prodan; Bul. Grad. Bot. Univ. Cluj 14: 173 (1934 publ. 1935)
= Iris variegata var. reginae (Horvat & M.D.Horvat) T.Hall; Iris Year Book 2017: 47 (2017)
= Iris variegata var. tirnavae Prodan & Buia; Bul. Grad. Bot. Univ. Cluj 25: 198 (1945)
= Iris ×squalens subsp. lepida (Heuff.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 700 (1882)
species :
Iris vartanii Foster; Gard. Chron. ser. 2, 23: 438 (1885)
Distribution: Syria (C-Syrian Desert); Israel (N-Israel); Jordania (W-Jordania)
34 ISR JOR SYR
Remarks: subgen. Iridodictyum
Synonyms: hidden
= Iridodictyum vartanii (Foster) Rodion.; Rod Iris-Iris L. (Vopr. Morfol. Biol. Evol. i Sist.) 202 (1961)
species :
Iris ventricosa Pall.; Reise Russ. Reich. 3: 712 (1776)
Distribution: E-European Russia; Siberia (Chita); Russian Far East (Primorye); China (Hebei, Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Qinghai, Xinjiang); Mongolia
14 RUS 30 SIB 31 RFE 36 CHI 37 MON
Remarks: subgen. Cryptobasis
Synonyms: hidden
= Cryptobasis ventricosa (Pall.) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232(1): 61 (2015)
= Sclerosiphon ventricosum (Pall.) Rodion.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 91(12): 1897 (2006)
= Xyridion ventricosum (Pall.) Klatt; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 30: 500 (1872)
species :
Iris verna L.; Sp. Pl. 39 (1753)
Name: Dwarf violet iris
Distribution: USA (District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia)
78 USA
Remarks: Vernae
Synonyms: hidden
= Gattenhofia verna (L.) Medik.; Act. Acad. Theod. Palat. 6: Phys. (1790) 418
= Iris nana Pers.; Syn. Pl. 1: 53 (1805)
= Iris vernalis Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 44 (1796), nom. superfl.
= Neubeckia verna (L.) Small; Man. S.E. Fl.: 330 (1933)
variant :
var. smalliana Fernald ex M.E.Edwards; Rhodora 71: 213 (1969)
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Kentucky, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia)
75 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Gattenhofia verna var. smalliana (Fernald ex M.E.Edwards) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232(1): 53 (2015)
species :
Iris versicolor L.; Sp. Pl. 39 (1753)
Name: Harlequin blueflag (EN), Verschiedenfarbige Schwertlilie (DE)
Distribution: England [I]; Germany [I]; Slovakia [I]; India [I] (Jammu & Kashmir [I]); Canada (Labrador, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Isl., Québec); St. Pierre et Miquelon; USA (Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Idaho, Illinois, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Virginia, Vermont, Wisconsin); Mexico (Coahuila, Nuevo León, Sonora)
10 grb 11 ger slo 40 ind 71 CDN 72 CDN SPM 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 78 USA 79 MEX
Remarks: subgen. Limniris, ser. Laevigatae
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris boltoniana Regel; Index Seminum (LE, Petropolitanus) 1860: 31 (1860), nom. illeg.
= Iris caurina Herb. ex Hook.; Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 206 (1839)
= Iris dierinckii K.Koch; Index Seminum (B, Berolinensis) 1853(App.): 17 (1853)
= Iris flaccida Spach; Hist. Nat. Vég. 13: 41 (1846)
= Iris picta Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. 8.: no. 16 (1768)
= Iris pulchella Regel; Gartenflora 8: 310 (1859)
= Iris versicolor f. albocaerulea Rousseau; Canad. J. Res., Sect. C, Bot. Sci. 28(C): 241 (1952)
= Iris versicolor f. murrayana Fernald; Rhodora 38: 52 (1936)
= Iris versicolor var. blandescens Nieuwl.; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 3: 115 (1913)
= Iris versicolor var. communis Torr.; Fl. N. Middle United States 1: 36 (1824)
= Iris versicolor var. flaccida (Spach) Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 16: 141 (1877)
= Iris versicolor var. robusta Farw.; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 12: 55 (1930)
= Iris versicolor var. sulcata Torr.; Fl. N. Middle United States 1: 35 (1824)
= Limniris versicolor (L.) Rodion.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 92(4): 552 (2007)
= Xiphion flaccidum (Spach) Alef.; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 21: 297 (1863)
= Xiphion versicolor (L.) Alef.; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 21: 297 (1863)
species :
Iris vicaria (Vved.) Vved.; Kom., Fl. URSS 4: 569 (1935)
Distribution: Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Tajikistan
32 TKM TZK UZB
Remarks: subgen. Juno, sect. Wendelboa
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris caucasica var. caerulea Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 8: 678 (1884)
= Iris orchioides var. caerulea Baker; Handb. Irid.: 46 (1892)
= Iris vicaria (Vved.) T.Hall & Seisums; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 167(3): 300 (2011), isonym
= Juno vicaria (Vved.) Vved.; Fl. Tadzhiksk. S.S.R. 2: 390 (1963)
species :
Iris victoris F.O.Khass., Khuzhan. & Rakhimova; Stapfia 99: 207 (2013)
Distribution: Uzbekistan
32 UZB
Remarks: subgen. Juno
Synonyms: hidden
= Juno victoris (F.O.Khass., Khuzhan. & Rakhimova) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232(1): 54 (2015)
species :
Iris virginica L.; Sp. Pl. 39 (1753)
Name: Virginia iris
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, New York, South Carolina, Texas, Virginia)
75 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Remarks: subgen. Limniris
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris caroliniana S.Watson; A. Gray, Manual, ed. 6: 514 (1890)
= Iris convoluta Raf.; New Fl. 2: 92 (1837)
= Iris georgiana Britton; Britton & Brown, Ill. Fl. N. U.S., ed. 2, 1: 537 (1913)
= Iris versicolor f. virginica (L.) Voss; Vilm. Blumengärtn. ed. 3. 1: 978 (1895)
= Iris versicolor var. virginica (L.) Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 16: 141 (1877)
= Limniris virginica (L.) Rodion.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 92(4): 552 (2007)
= Xiphion virginicum (L.) Alef.; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 21: 297 (1863)
variant :
var. shrevei (Small) B.Anderson; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 23: 469 (1936)
Name: Shreve´s iris
Distribution: Canada (Ontario, Québec); USA (Alabama, Arkansas, District of Columbia, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, Nebraska, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, Wisconsin, West Virginia)
72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris shrevei Small; Addisonia 12: 13 (1927)
= Iris versicolor var. shrevei (Small) B.Boivin; Naturaliste Canad. 94: 525 (1967)
= Limniris shrevei (Small) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232: 57 (2015)
species :
Iris vorobievii N.S.Pavlova; Sosud. Rast. Sovet. Dal´nego Vostoka 2: 424 (1987)
Distribution: Russian Far East (Primorye)
31 RFE
Remarks: Iris s. str., sect. Psammiris
species :
Iris vvedenskyi Nevski; B. Fedtsch. & al., Fl. Turkm. 1: 323 (1932)
Distribution: Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
32 TKM UZB
Remarks: subgen. Juno
Synonyms: hidden
= Juno vvedenskyi (Nevski ex Woronow & Popov) Nevski; Trudy Bot. Inst. Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R., Ser. 1, Fl. Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 4: 331 (1937)
species :
Iris wallisiae T.Hall & Seisums; Bot. Mag. (Kew Mag.) 31(3): 246 (2014)
Distribution: Lebanon
34 LEB
Remarks: subgen. Juno
Synonyms: hidden
= Juno hoelleri Jílek; Acta Geo. Silesiana 14: 43 (2013), nom. altern.
= Juno wallisiae (T.Hall & Seisums) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 376(5): 195 (2018)
species :
Iris warleyensis Foster; Gard. Chron. 1: 386 (1902)
Distribution: Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Tajikistan
32 TKM TZK UZB
Remarks: subgen. Juno
Synonyms: hidden
= Juno warleyensis (Foster) Vved.; Fl. Uzbekist., ed. Schreder 1: 517 (1941)
species :
Iris wattii Baker ex Hook.f.; Fl. Brit. India 6: 273; (1892) et Handb. Irid. 17 (1892)
Distribution: China (Yunnan); Tibet; India (Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Nagaland); Myanmar
36 CHI TIB 40 IND 41 MYA
Remarks: subgen. Evansia
Synonyms: hidden
= Evansia wattii (Baker ex Hook.f.) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232(1): 54 (2015)
species :
Iris wendelboi Grey-Wilson & B.Mathew; Iris Year Book, 1973: 111, 120 (1973). without latin descr. or type; et inKew Bull. 29(1): 72 (1974), with latin descr. & type.
Distribution: Afghanistan (Farah)
34 AFG
Remarks: subgen. Juno
Synonyms: hidden
= Juno wendelboi (Grey-Wilson & B.Mathew) Rodion.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 79(9): 106 (1994)
species :
Iris westii Dinsm.; Post, Fl. Syria, Palest. & Sinai, ed. 2, 2: 596 (1933); Dinsm. Pl. Post. & Dinsm. Fasc. II. 8 (1934) (Publ. Am. Univ. Beirut, Nat. Sci. Ser. No. 1; et No.3)
Distribution: Lebanon
34 LEB
Remarks: Iris s. str., sect. Oncocyclus
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris sofarana f. westii (Dinsm.) Mouterde; Nouv. Fl. Liban Syrie 1: 319 (1966)
= Iris susiana f. westii (Dinsm.) Sealy; Bot. Mag. 177: t. 550 (1970)
species :
Iris willmottiana Foster; Gard. Chron., Ser. III. 29: 261 (1901)
Distribution: Uzbekistan; Tajikistan
32 TZK UZB
Remarks: subgen. Juno
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris amankutanica O.Fedtsch. ex Vved.; Kom., Fl. URSS 4: 571, 572 (1935) [in syn.]
= Juno willmottiana (Foster) Vved.; Fl. Uzbekist., ed. Schreder 1: 518 (1941)
species :
Iris wilsonii C.H.Wright; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1907(8): 321 (1907)
Distribution: China (Gansu, Hubei, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan)
36 CHI
Remarks: subgen. Limniris
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris wilsonii var. major C.H.Wright; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1907: 321 (1907)
= Limniris wilsonii (C.H.Wright) Rodion.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 92: 551 (2007)
species :
Iris winkleri Regel; Act. Hort. Petrop. 8: 677 (1884)
Distribution: Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan
32 KGZ UZB
Remarks: subgen. Iridodictyum
Synonyms: hidden
= Alatavia winkleri (Regel) Rodion.; Signa 58: 3026 (1997), generic name not validly publ.
= Iridodictyum winkleri (Regel) Rodion.; Rod Iris-Iris L. (Vopr. Morfol. Biol. Evol. i Sist.) 202 (1961)
= Xiphion winkleri (Regel) Vved.; Fl. Uzbekist., ed. Schreder 1: 511 (1941)
species :
Iris winogradowii Fomin; Sched. Herb. Fl. Caucasus Fasc. II-IV. 8 (1914); Stapf in Bot. Mag. t. 9220 (1930)
Distribution: Georgia [Caucasus] (Abkhazia, Kartli); Azerbaijan
33 AZE GEO
Remarks: subgen. Iridodictyum
Synonyms: hidden
= Iridodictyum winogradowii (Fomin) Rodion.; Rod Iris-Iris L. (Vopr. Morfol. Biol. Evol. i Sist.) 202 (1961)
species :
Iris xanthochlora Wendelbo; Bot. Notiser 122: 205 (1969)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Badakshan, Baghlan)
34 AFG
Remarks: subgen. Juno
Synonyms: hidden
= Juno xanthochlora (Wendelbo) Rodion.; Dekorativ. Trab. Rast. Dlya Otkr. Grunta S.S.S.R. 1: 290 (1977) [without basionym ref.], et Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 79(9): 106 (1994), isonym
= Juno xanthochlora (Wendelbo) Soják; Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(2): 80 (1979 publ. 1980)
species :
Iris xiphioides Ehrh.; Beitr. Naturk. Verw. Wiss. 7: 140 (1792)
Distribution: N-Spain (mountains); Andorra; SW-France; Channel Isl. [I]
12 ADO cis FRA SPA
Remarks: subgen. Xiphion
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris anglica Tubergen; Nursery Cat. (van Tubergen) 1897(Bloembollen): 23 (1897)
= Iris argentea Anon.; Rev. Hort. (Paris) 63: 36 (1891)
= Iris cepifolia Stokes; Bot. Comm. 1: 233 (1830)
= Iris latifolia (Mill.) Voss; Siebert & Voss, Vilmorin´s Blumengärtnerei 1: 982 (1895), nom. illeg., non Heer 1869 (fossil)
= Iris pyrenaea Salzm. ex Bubani; Dunalia: 94 (1878)
= Iris xiphioides f. cantabrica E.Leroy & M.Laínz; Collect. Bot. (Barcelona) 4(1): 119 (1954)
= Iris xiphioides subsp. cantabrica (E.Leroy & M.Laínz) Font Quer, M.Laínz & E.Leroy; Collect. Bot. (Barcelona) 4(2): 225 (1954)
= Iris xiphium subsp. xiphioides Bonnier & Layens; Bonnier, Fl. Ill. France: 304 (1894)
= Xiphion jacquinii Schrank; Flora 7(2 Beibl.): 17 (1824)
= Xiphion latifolium Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. VIII. n. 3
species :
Iris xiphium L.; Sp. Pl. 40 (1753)
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Cyprus [I]; USA [I] (Louisiana [I], Tennessee [I])
12 COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ITA 20 ALG MOR TUN 34 cyp 78 usa
Remarks: subgen. Xiphion
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris coronaria Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 45 (1796), nom. superfl.
= Iris hispanica Tubergen; Nursery Cat. (van Tubergen) 1898(Bloembollen): 24 (1898)
= Iris lusitanica Ker Gawl.; Bot. Mag. 18: t. 679 (1803)
= Iris lusitanica var. sordida Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 699 (1882), nom. superfl.
= Iris spectabilis Spach; Ann. Sci. Nat. Ser. III. 5: 93 (1846)
= Iris taitii Foster; Gard. Chron. 40: 145 (1906)
= Iris variabilis Jacq.; Coll. 2: 821 (1789)
= Iris variabilis subsp. lusitanica (Ker Gawl.) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 258 (1890)
= Iris variabilis subsp. sordida K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 258 (1890)
= Iris xiphia St.-Lag.; Ann. Soc. Bot. Lyon 7: 128 (1880)
= Iris xiphium proles hispanica (Tubergen); Fl. Portug.: 124 (1947)
= Iris xiphium proles lusitanica (Ker Gawl.) Samp.; Man. Fl. Port.: 106 (1910)
= Iris xiphium f. durandoi Batt.; J. A. Batt. & al., Fl. Algérie 1(2): 42 (1895)
= Iris xiphium var. battandieri Foster; Bulbous Irises: 65 (1892)
= Iris xiphium var. castrensis Costa; T. Gorchs (ed.), Programa Resum. Leccion. Bot. Gen.: 249 (1859)
= Iris xiphium var. lusitanica (Ker Gawl.) Foster; Bulbous Irises: 65 (1892)
= Iris xiphium var. lusitanica (Ker Gawl.) Franco; Franco & Rocha Afonso, Nova Fl. Portugal 3(1): 135 (1994)
= Iris xiphium var. praecox Dykes; Gen. Iris: 215 (1913)
= Xiphion lusitanicum (Ker Gawl.) Alef.; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 21: 297 (1863)
= Xiphion sordidum Salisb.; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 1: 303 (1812), nom. superfl.
= Xiphion verum Schrank; Flora 7(2 Beibl.): 16 (1824)
= Xiphion vulgare Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. VIII. n. 2 (1768)
= Xiphion vulgare var. lusitanicum (Ker Gawl.) Baker; Gard. Chron., n.s., 5: 559 (1876)
= Xiphion xiphium (L.) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232: 63 (2015)
= Xiphion xiphium var. battandieri (Foster) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232: 63 (2015)
= Xiphion xiphium var. lusitanicum (Ker Gawl.) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232: 63 (2015)
= Xiphion xiphium var. praecox (Dykes) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232: 63 (2015)
= Xiphion xiphium var. taitii (Foster) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232: 63 (2015)
species :
Iris yebrudii Dinsm. ex Chaudhary; Bot. Notiser 125(3): 259 (1972)
subspecies :
subsp. yebrudii
Distribution: Lebanon (Antilebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert)
34 LEB SYR
Remarks: Iris s. str., sect. Oncocyclus
subspecies :
subsp. edgecombii Chaudhary; Bot. Notiser 125(4): 499 (1972)
Distribution: Syria
34 SYR
species :
Iris yedisuensis Yild. & Kiliç; Ot Sist. Bot. Dergisi 26(2): 2 (2019)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Iris zagrica B.Mathew & Zarrei; Bull. Brit. Iris Soc. Spec. Group 2008/9: 24 (2009)
subspecies :
subsp. zagrica
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
Remarks: subgen. Iridodictyum
Synonyms: hidden
= Iridodictyum zagricum (B.Mathew & Zarrei) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232(1): 61 (2015)
subspecies :
subsp. hakkariensis Firat; Phytotaxa 305(3) : 211 (2017)
Distribution: SE-Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Iris zaprjagajevii (N.V.Abramov) T.Hall & Seisums; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 167(3): 300 (2011)
Distribution: Tajikistan
32 TZK
Remarks: subgen. Juno, sect. Physocaulon
Synonyms: hidden
= Juno zaprjagajevii N.V.Abramov; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 8: 115 (1971)
species :
Iris zetterlundii Ruksans; Int. Rock Gard. 112: 57, figs. 74, 89-91 (2019)
Distribution: Iraq
34 IRQ
Remarks: status and genus uncertain
species :
Iris zhaoana M.B.Crespo, Alexeeva & Y.E.Xiao; Phytotaxa 470(4): 284 (2020), nom. nov.
Distribution: Siberia (Altai); China (Gansu, Qinghai, Sichuan); Tibet; Mongolia
30 SIB 36 CHI TIB 37 MON
Remarks: Iris s. str., sect. Psammiris
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris potaninii var. ionantha Y.T.Zhao; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 18(1): 59-60 (1980)
species :
Iris ×ampliflora Y.E.Xiao, F.Y.Yu & X.F.Zhou; PhytoKeys 174: 5 (2021)
Distribution: China (Chongqing)
36 CHI
species :
Iris ×binata Schur; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 10: 354 (1860)
Distribution: C-Romania
13 ROM
Remarks: Iris aphylla x I. pumila
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris pumila f. moldavica Prodan; Bul. Grad. Bot. Univ. Cluj 15: 122 (1935 publ. 1936)
= Iris pumila f. violacea Prodan; Bul. Grad. Bot. Univ. Cluj 25: 191 (1945)
= Iris pumila var. barthii Prodan & Buia; Bul. Grad. Bot. Univ. Cluj 25: 185 (1945)
= Iris pumila var. barthiiformis Prodan; Bul. Grad. Bot. Univ. Cluj 25: 188 (1945)
= Iris pumila var. binata (Schur) Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 656 (1866)
= Iris pumila var. guertleri Prodan; Bul. Grad. Bot. Univ. Cluj 14: 120 (1934 publ. 1935)
= Iris pumila var. pseudopumilioides Prodan; Bul. Grad. Bot. Univ. Cluj 14: 121 (1934 publ. 1935)
= Iris ×barthii (Prodan & Buia) Prodan & Nyár.; Savul., Fl. Republ. Popul. Române 11: 472 (1966)
= Iris ×barthiiformis (Prodan) Prodan & Nyár.; Savul., Fl. Republ. Popul. Române 11: 475 (1966)
= Iris ×barthiiformis f. violacea (Prodan) Prodan & Nyár.; Savul., Fl. Republ. Popul. Române 11: 475 (1966)
= Iris ×binata f. purpurea Prodan; Savul., Fl. Republ. Popul. Române 11: 852 (1966)
= Iris ×binata f. sulphurea Prodan; Savul., Fl. Republ. Popul. Române 11: 852 (1966)
= Iris ×diantha Schur; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 10: 354 (1860), nom. illeg.
= Iris ×guertleri (Prodan) Prodan; Bul. Grad. & Muz. Bot. Univ. Cluj 25: 193 (1946)
= Iris ×guertleri var. moldavica (Prodan) Prodan; Savul., Fl. Republ. Popul. Române 11: 471 (1966)
= Iris ×pseudopumilioides (Prodan) Prodan; Bul. Grad. Bot. Univ. Cluj 25: 191 (1946)
species :
Iris ×brzhezitzkyi Grossh.; Izv. Azerbaidzhansk. Fil. 10: 30 (1944)
Distribution: Azerbaijan
33 AZE
Remarks: Iris paradoxa Steven x Iris acutiloba C. A. Mey.
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris ×tatianae Grossh.; Izv. Azerbaidzhansk. FIl. 10: 30 (1944)
species :
Iris ×caeciliae Grossh.; Izv. Azerbaidzhansk. Fil. 10: 32 (1944)
Distribution: Transcaucasus
Remarks: Iris paradoxa Steven x Iris lycotis Woronow
species :
Iris ×flexicaulis Small; Addisonia 12: 9 (1927)
Distribution: USA (Texas, Mississippi)
77 USA 78 USA
Remarks: Iris brevicaulis x I. giganticaerulea
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris hexagona var. flexicaulis (Small) R.C.Foster; Contr. Gray Herb. 119: 50 (1937)
= Phaeiris ×flexicaulis (Small) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232: 59 (2015)
species :
Iris ×fulvala Dykes; Gen. Iris 81 (1913)
Distribution: USA (Kentucky)
78 USA
Remarks: subgen. Phaeiris, Iris brevicaulis x Iris fulva
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris ×fulvala var. choctawensis N.C.Hend.; Bull. Amer. Iris Soc. 293: 80 (1994), nom. nud.
= Iris ×fulvala var. washingtoniana N.C.Hend.; Bull. Amer. Iris Soc. 293: 80 (1994), nom. nud.
= Phaeiris ×fulvala (Dykes) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232: 59 (2015)
species :
Iris ×germanica L.; Sp. Pl.: 38 (1753).
Name: Deutsche Schwertlilie (DE); Bearded Iris (EN); Lirio azul (ES)
Distribution: England [I]; Denmark [I]; Belgium [I]; Germany [I] (Brandenburg [I], Berlin [I], Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg [I], Mecklenburg-Vorpommern [I], Niedersachsen [I], Nordrhein-Westfalen [I], Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein [I], Saarland [I], Sachsen [I], Sachsen-Anhalt [I], Thüringen [I]); Switzerland [I]; Liechtenstein [I]; Austria [I]; Czech Republic [I]; Hungary [I]; Portugal [I]; Spain [I]; Andorra [I]; Baleares [I]; France [I]; Monaco [c]; Channel Isl. [I]; Corsica [I]; Sardinia [I]; Italy [I]; Sicily [I]; Isole Pelagie [I] (Lampedusa [I]); San Marino [I]; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Albania [I]; Romania [I]; Bulgaria [I]; Greece; Crete [I]; Estonia [I]; Latvia [I]; Lithuania [I]; Belarus [I]; C-European Russia [I]; E-European Russia [I]; Ukraine [I]; Crimea [I]; Morocco [I]; Algeria [I]; Tunisia [I]; Libya [I]; Azores [I] (Terceira [I], Flores Isl. [I]); Canary Isl. [I] (Gran Canaria [I], La Palma Isl. [I]); Kazakhstan [I]; Turkmenistan [I]; Uzbekistan [I]; Tajikistan [I]; East Aegaean Isl. [I] (incl. Rhodos [I]); Turkey [I] (N-Anatolia [I], S-Anatolia [I], W-Anatolia [I], Inner Anatolia [I]); Iraq [I] (NE-Iraq [I]); Iran [I] (S-Iran [I], W-Iran [I]); Afghanistan [I]; Cyprus [I] (S-Cyprus [I], N-Cyprus [I]); Pakistan [I]; Bhutan [I]; N-India [I] (Jammu & Kashmir [I]); Myanmar [I]; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); New Zealand [I]; Canada [I] (Manitoba [I], New Brunswick [I], Ontario [I], Québec [I]); USA [I] (California [I], Connecticut [I], Florida [I], Georgia [I], Iowa [I], Illinois [I], Indiana [I], Kansas [I], Kentucky [I], Louisiana [I], Massachusetts [I], Maryland [I], Maine [I], Michigan [I], Minnesota [I], Missouri [I], Mississippi [I], North Carolina [I], New Jersey [I], New York [I], Ohio [I], Oregon [I], Pennsylvania [I], South Carolina [I], Tennessee [I], Utah [I], Virginia [I], Washington State [I], Wisconsin [I]); Mexico [I]; Honduras [I]; Colombia [I]; Juan Fdz. Isl. [I]
10 den grb 11 aut bgm cze ger hun lie swi 12 ado bal cis cor fra mco por sar spa 13 alb BIH bul CRO GRC ita KOS kri MNT NMA pel rom sic SLV sma SRB 14 blr est kry lat lit rus ukr 20 alg lby mor tun 21 azo cny 32 kaz tkm tzk uzb 34 afg cyp eai irn irq tur 40 bhu ind pak 41 mya 50 aus 51 nzl 71 cdn 72 cdn 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 78 usa 79 mex 80 hon 82 clm 85 jnf
Remarks: Iris & Pogoniris, I. pallida x I. variegata
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris florentina var. alba (Savi) DC.; Lam. & A. DC., Fl. Franç., éd. 3, 6: 328 (1815)
= Iris florentina var. pallida Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 700 (1882)
= Iris pallida subsp. australis (Tod.) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 256 (1890)
= Iris ×alba Savi; Fl. Pis. 1: 32 (1798)
= Iris ×amoena Redouté; Liliac. 6: t. 336 (1811)
= Iris ×atroviolacea Lange; Bot. Tidsskr. 13: 18 (1882)
= Iris ×australis Tod.; Nuov. Gen. e Sp. 49 (1861)
= Iris ×belouinii Bois & Cornuault; Rev. Hort. 87: 547 (1915)
= Iris ×biliottii Foster; Gard. Chron. 1887(1): 738 (1887)
= Iris ×buiana Prodan; Bul. Grad. Bot. Univ. Cluj 25: 201 (1946)
= Iris ×buiana var. virescens Prodan; Bul. Grad. Bot. Univ. Cluj 25: 202 (1945)
= Iris ×croatica Horvat & M.D.Horvat; Acta Bot. Croat. 20-21: 8 (1962), nom. illeg.
= Iris ×croatica Prodan; Fl. Dobrudscha Meeresk. Rum.: 15 (1931)
= Iris ×cypriana Foster & Baker; Gard. Chron. 1888(2): 182 (1888)
= Iris ×deflexa Knowles & Westc.; Fl. Cab. 2: 19 (1838)
= Iris ×florentinoides Prodan ex Nyár.; Savul., Fl. Republ. Popul. Române 11: 515 (1966)
= Iris ×germanica var. alba Dykes; Handb. Iris: 216 (1924)
= Iris ×germanica var. amas Dykes; Gen. Iris: 164 (1913)
= Iris ×germanica var. askabadensis Dykes; Gen. Iris: 164 (1913)
= Iris ×germanica var. australis (Tod.) Dykes; Gen. Iris: 164 (1913)
= Iris ×germanica var. denticulata Merino; Fl. Galicia 3: 148 (1909)
= Iris ×germanica var. fontarabie Dykes; Gen. Iris: 163 (1913)
= Iris ×germanica var. gypsea Rodigas; Ill. Hort. 40: 81 (1893)
= Iris ×germanica var. kharput Dykes; Gen. Iris: 163 (1913)
= Iris ×germanica var. nepalensis (Wall. ex Lindl.) Herb.; Edwards´s Bot. Reg. 26(Misc.): 34 (1840)
= Iris ×germanica var. pumila Roth; Enum. Pl. Phaen. Germ. 1(1): 120 (1827)
= Iris ×germanica var. sivas G.Nicholson; Ill. Dict. Gard., Suppl. 2: 447 (1900)
= Iris ×germanica variegata Abbey; J. Hort. Cottage Gard. 32: 82 (1864)
= Iris ×glauca Salisb.; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 1: 302 (1812), nom. superfl.
= Iris ×humei G.Don; Loudon, Encycl. Pl., Suppl. 1: 1150 (1841)
= Iris ×laciniata Berg; Flora 16(1 Beibl.): 28 (1833)
= Iris ×latifolia Gilib.; Exerc. Phyt. 2: 497 (1792), opus utique oppr.
= Iris ×macrantha Simonet; Bull. Soc. Natl. Hort. France, sér. 6, 2: 107 (1935)
= Iris ×mesopotamica Dykes; Gen. Iris: 176 (1913)
= Iris ×murorum Gaterau; Descr. Pl. Montauban: 30 (1789)
= Iris ×nepalensis Wall. ex Lindl.; Bot. Reg. 10: t. 818 (1824)
= Iris ×nostras Garsault; Fig. Pl. Méd. 1: t. 23a (1764), opus utique oppr.
= Iris ×nyaradyana Prodan; Bul. Grad. Bot. Univ. Cluj 14: 176 (1934 publ. 1935)
= Iris ×pallida Ten.; Fl. Napol. 3: 36 (1824), nom. illeg.
= Iris ×piatrae Prodan; Ann. Sci. Univ. Jassy, Pt. 2, Sci. Nat. 27: 126 (1941)
= Iris ×redouteana Spach; Hist. Nat. Vég. 13: 56 (1846)
= Iris ×repanda Berg; Flora 18: 565 (1835)
= Iris ×rothschildii Degen; Fl. Veleb. 1: 646 (1936)
= Iris ×spectabilis Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 43 (1796), nom. superfl.
= Iris ×trojana A.Kern. ex Stapf; Verh. K. K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 37: 650 (1887)
= Iris ×varbossania K.Malý; Glasn. Zemaljsk. Muz. Bosni Hercegovini 31: 75 (1919)
= Iris ×venusta J.Booth ex Berg; Flora 16(1 Beibl.): 31 (1833)
= Iris ×violacea Savi; Bot. Etrusc. 2: 9 (1815)
= Iris ×vulgaris Pohl; Tentamen Fl. Bohemiae 1: 46 (1810)
species :
Iris ×karjaginii Grossh.; Izv. Azerbaidzhansk. Fil. 10: 31 (1944)
Distribution: Azerbaijan
33 AZE
Remarks: Iris paradoxa Steven x Iris medwedewii Fomin
species :
Iris ×ketzkhovelii G.N.Matveev; Sakharthw. S.S.R. Mec´niereb. Akad. Moambe 8: 555 (1947)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus
33 NCS
Remarks: Iris iberica x I. paradoxa
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris ×sosnowskyi G.N.Matveev; Sakharthw. S.S.R. Mec´niereb. Akad. Moambe 8: 556 (1947)
species :
Iris ×kobasensis Prodan; Bul. Grad. Bot. Univ. Cluj 14: 157 (1934 publ. 1935)
Distribution: former Yugoslavia
Remarks: Iris reichenbachii x I. variegata
species :
Iris ×koenigii Sosn.; Trav. Inst. Bot. Tbilissi, Acad. Sci. URSS, Fil. Georg. 2: 229 (1938)
Distribution: Georgia [Caucasus]
33 GEO
Remarks: Iris paradoxa x Iris iberica
species :
Iris ×nelsonii Randolph; Baileya 14: 150 (1967)
Name: Abbeville iris
Distribution: USA (Louisiana)
78 USA
Remarks: subgen. Limniris, Iris brevicaulis x I. fulva x I. hexagona
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris ×vinicolor var. nelsonii (Randolph) N.C.Hend.; Bull. Amer. Iris Soc. 293: 80 (1994), contrary to Art. 45.1 (ICN 2012).
= Limniris ×nelsonii (Randolph) Rodion.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 92: 553 (2007)
= Phaeiris ×nelsonii (Randolph) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232: 59 (2015)
species :
Iris ×neumayeri Janch. ex Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 28(1): 106 (1993)
Distribution: Austria
11 AUT
Remarks: Chamaeiris, Iris graminea x sibirica
species :
Iris ×robusta E.S.Anderson; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 15: 304 (1928)
Distribution: Canada (Ontario); USA (Michigan)
72 CDN 75 USA
Remarks: subgen. Limniris, Iris versicolor x virginica var. shrevei
Synonyms: hidden
= Limniris ×robusta (E.S.Anderson) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232: 57 (2015)
species :
Iris ×sambucina L.; Syst. ed. X. 863 (1759)
Name: Holunder-Schwertlilie
Distribution: Europe [I]; Germany [I]; Czech Republic [I]; Slovenia [I]; Croatia [I]; Romania [I]; Ukraine [I]
11 cze ger 13 cro rom slv 14 ukr
Remarks: Iris variegata x Iris pallida. Often included in I. x germanica s. l.
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris germanica Forssk. ex Steud.; Nom. ed. II. 1: 821
= Iris germanica subsp. sambucina (L.) Douin; 106 (1929)
= Iris variegata var. lurida (Aiton) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 700 (1882)
= Iris ×germanica var. lurida (Aiton) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 700 (1882)
= Iris ×lurida Aiton; Hort. Kew. 1: 68 (1789)
= Iris ×neglecta Hornem.; Hort. Bot. Hafn. 1: 55 (1813)
= Iris ×superba Berg; Flora 18: 567 (1835)
= Iris ×tardiflora Berg; Flora 18: 566 (1835)
species :
Iris ×sancti-cyri Rousseau; Canad. J. Research 28: Sect. C, 241 (1950)
Name: Sanctimonious iris
Distribution: Canada (Newfoundland, Québec)
72 CDN
Remarks: subgen. Limniris, Iris hookeri x versicolor
Synonyms: hidden
= Limniris ×sancti-cyrii (J.Rousseau) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232: 57 (2015)
species :
Iris ×seminaturalis Niketic, Tomovic & Å iljak-Yak.; Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. Belgrade 11: 200 (2018)
Distribution: Serbia
13 SRB
Remarks: Iris pallida x I. reichenbachii x I. variegata
species :
Iris ×setosothunbergii H.Koidz. ex T.Shimizu; Fl. Nagano Pref : 1510 (1997)
Distribution: Japan
38 JAP
Remarks: subgen. Limniris, Iris sanguinea x setosa
Synonyms: hidden
= Limniris ×setosothunbergii (H.Koidz. ex T.Shimizu) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232: 57 (2015)
species :
Iris ×sinistra Sosn.; Soobshch. Akad. Nauk Gruzinsk. S. S. R. 2(7): 651 (1941)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus
33 NCS
Remarks: Iris acutiloba ssp. lineolata x I. innominata
species :
Iris ×squalens L.; Syst. Nat. ed. 10: 863 (1759)
Name: Holunder-Schwertlilie, Schmutziggelbe Schwertlilie
Distribution: Europe [I]; Germany [I]; etc.
11 ger
Remarks: Iris variegata x Iris pallida. Often included in I. x germanica s. l. or I. x sambucina s. l.
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris borzae (Prodan) Prodan; Sãvul. Fl. Reipubl. Social. Roman. 11: 523 (1966)
= Iris sambucina var. squalens (L.) Jess.; 491 (1879)
= Iris ×squalens subsp. borzae Prodan; Bul. Grad. Bot. Univ. Cluj 14: 183 (1934 publ. 1935)
= Iris ×squalens var. biflora Prodan & Buia; Bul. Grad. Bot. Univ. Cluj 25: 205 (1945)
= Iris ×squalens var. rosea Prodan & Buia; Bul. Grad. Bot. Univ. Cluj 25: 204 (1945)
species :
Iris ×thompsonii (R.C.Foster) L.W.Lenz; Aliso 4: 23 (1958)
Name: Thompson´s iris
Distribution: USA (California, Oregon)
73 USA 76 USA
Remarks: subgen. Limniris, Iris douglasiana x I. innominata
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris tenax subsp. thompsonii (R.C.Foster) Q.D.Clarkson; Madroño 15: 122 (1959)
= Iris tenax var. thompsonii (R.C.Foster) Q.D.Clarkson; Madroño 15: 122 (1959)
= Iris ×aureonympha E.English; Natl. Hort. Mag. 27: 167 (1948)
= Limniris ×thompsonii (R.C.Foster) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232: 57 (2015)
species :
Iris ×vinicolor Small; Addisonia 12: 1 (1927)
Distribution: USA (Louisiana)
78 USA
Remarks: subgen. Phaeiris, Iris fulva x giganticaerulea
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris ×chrysophoenicia Small; Addisonia 14: 7 (1929)
= Iris ×lilacinaurea Alexander; Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 343 (1931)
= Iris ×vinicolor var. holleymaniae N.C.Hend.; Bull. Amer. Iris Soc. 293: 80 (1994), nom. nud.
= Phaeiris ×vinicolor (Small) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232: 59 (2015)
species :
Iris ×violipurpurea Small; Addisonia 14: 1 (1929)
Name: Dixie iris
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Missouri, Mississippi, South Carolina)
75 USA 78 USA
Remarks: subgen. Limniris, Iris fulva x I. brevicaulis x I. giganticaerulea
Synonyms: hidden
= Iris ×albilinea Alexander; Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 349 (1931)
= Iris ×alticristata Small; Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 353 (1931)
= Iris ×amnicola Alexander; Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 348 (1931)
= Iris ×atroenantha Small; Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 348 (1931)
= Iris ×auralata Small; Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 349 (1931)
= Iris ×bifurcata Small; Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 345 (1931)
= Iris ×brevipes Small; Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 355 (1931)
= Iris ×callirhodea Alexander; Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 347 (1931)
= Iris ×cerasioides Alexander; Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 343 (1931)
= Iris ×chlorolopha Small; Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 338 (1931)
= Iris ×chrysolopha Small; Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 350 (1931)
= Iris ×citriviola Small; Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 345 (1931)
= Iris ×crocinubia Alexander; Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 341 (1931)
= Iris ×cyanantha Alexander; Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 344 (1931)
= Iris ×cyanochrysea Small; Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 348 (1931)
= Iris ×dewinkeleri Small; Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 335 (1931)
= Iris ×fumiflora Alexander; Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 340 (1931)
= Iris ×fumifulva Small; Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 340 (1931)
= Iris ×fuscaurea Small; Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 340 (1931)
= Iris ×fuscirosea Small; Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 342 (1931)
= Iris ×fuscisanguinea Alexander; Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 349 (1931)
= Iris ×fuscivenosa Small; Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 341 (1931)
= Iris ×gentilliana Alexander; Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 345 (1931)
= Iris ×ianthina Alexander; Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 339 (1931)
= Iris ×iochroma Small; Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 348 (1931)
= Iris ×iocyanea Small; Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 344 (1931)
= Iris ×iodantha Alexander; Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 345 (1931)
= Iris ×ioleuca Alexander; Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 344 (1931)
= Iris ×iophaea Alexander; Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 338 (1931)
= Iris ×lancipetala Alexander; Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 346 (1931)
= Iris ×louisianica N.C.Hend.; Bull. Amer. Iris Soc. 293: 80 (1994), nom. inval.
= Iris ×ludoviciana Small; Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 339 (1931)
= Iris ×marplei Alexander; Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 346 (1931)
= Iris ×moricolor Small; Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 340 (1931)
= Iris ×oenantha Small; Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 344 (1931)
= Iris ×oolopha Alexander; Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 350 (1931)
= Iris ×pallidirosea Alexander; Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 347 (1931)
= Iris ×paludicola Alexander; Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 352 (1931)
= Iris ×parvicaerulea Alexander; Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 354 (1931)
= Iris ×parvirosea Small; Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 346 (1931)
= Iris ×phoenicis Small; Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 349 (1931)
= Iris ×pseudocristata Small; Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 346 (1931)
= Iris ×purpurissata Small; Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 340 (1931)
= Iris ×pyrrholopha Alexander; Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 339 (1931)
= Iris ×regalis Small; Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 343 (1931)
= Iris ×regifulva Alexander; Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 338 (1931)
= Iris ×rhodantha Alexander; Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 346 (1931)
= Iris ×rhodochrysea Small; Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 347 (1931)
= Iris ×rosiflora Small; Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 338 (1931)
= Iris ×rosilutea Alexander; Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 342 (1931)
= Iris ×rosipurpurea Alexander; Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 343 (1931)
= Iris ×rubea Alexander; Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 338 (1931)
= Iris ×rubicunda Small; Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 342 (1931)
= Iris ×rubrolilacina Alexander; Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 345 (1931)
= Iris ×salmonicolor Small; Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 339 (1931)
= Iris ×schizolopha Alexander; Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 351 (1931)
= Iris ×subfulva Small; Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 337 (1931)
= Iris ×thomasii Small; Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 348 (1931)
= Iris ×tyriana Small; Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 342 (1931)
= Iris ×violilutea Alexander; Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 350 (1931)
= Iris ×violivenosa Small; Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 339 (1931)
= Iris ×viridis Alexander; Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 345 (1931)
= Iris ×viridivinea Small; Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 341 (1931)
= Phaeiris ×violipurpurea (Small) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232: 59 (2015)
= Phaeiris ×violivenosa (Small) M.B.Crespo, Mart.-Azorín & Mavrodiev; Phytotaxa 232: 59 (2015)
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A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 18.4 (Feb. 11th, 2024)

Covering 354,025 accepted species,
9,095 hybrids, 47,879 accepted infraspecific taxa and 995,101 synonyms,
in total 1,406,100* names

[*about 25,000 dubious, "unplaced" names and about 4,000 invalid names (Art. 24.3) like "typicus" are deliberately omitted]


With complete, detailed distribution data (countries and regions) and literature references

Arranged in linear phylogenetic sequence reflecting true relationships

Fully searchable and continously updated

With 38,290 pictures of 15,532 species

Assembled through 40 years independently from other databases

In cooperation with Catalogue of Life