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Ver. 19.2
April 1st, 2024

167.0000 Family Juncaceae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 43 (1789), nom. cons.
8 genera, ca. 470 spp.; Revision: Kirschner (2002). Phylogeny: Zaveska Drabkowa & Prockow (2023).
Species listed in database: 475; hybrids: 48
= Junceae Dumort.; Anal. Fam. Pl.: 62 (1829)
= Juncineae Link; Handbuch 1: 135 (1829)
= Juncoideae A.Eaton; Bot. Dict., ed. 4: 27 (1836)
167.0008 Genus Juncus L.; Sp. Pl. 1: 325 (1753)
Distribution: cosmopolitan, mostly in cool and temperate climates, many subarctic, few in Africa. Revision: Kirschner (2002). It seems unlikely that the proposed split (Prockow et al. 2023) into several genera will be accepted.
Species listed in database: 334; hybrids: 26
= Agathryon (Raf.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Molec. Phylogen. Evol. 177: 21 (2022)
= Alpinojuncus Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Molec. Phylogen. Evol. 177: 20 (2022)
= Australojuncus Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Molec. Phylogen. Evol. 177: 20 (2022)
= Boreojuncus Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Molec. Phylogen. Evol. 177: 21 (2022)
= Cephaloxys Desv.; J. Bot. 1: 321 (1808)
= Isoetes Weigel; Obs. Bot. 36. t. 2, f. 7 (1772), nom. illeg.
= Juncastrum Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, n. s. 17: 171 (1869), nom. inval.
= Juncinella Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, N. S. 17: 171 (1869), nom. inval.
= Juncinella Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Molec. Phylogen. Evol. 177: 19 (2022)
= Microschoenus C.B.Clarke ex Hook.f.; Fl. Brit. India 6: 675 (1894)
= Phylloschoenus Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, N. S. 17: 171 (1869)
= Stygiaria Ehrh.; Beitr. 4: 146 (1789)
= Tenageia Ehrh.; Beitr. 4: 148 (1789)
= Tristemon Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 4: 32 (1838), nom. illeg.
= Verojuncus Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Molec. Phylogen. Evol. 177: 19 (2022)
species :
Juncus abortivus Chapm.; Fl. S. U. St. 495 (1860)
Name: Annual rush (EN)
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Florida, Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia)
78 USA
Remarks: subgen. Verojuncus. Often included in J. pelocarpus
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus pelocarpus var. crassicaudex Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 2: 456 (1866)
species :
Juncus acuminatus Michx.; Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 192 (1803)
Name: Tapertip rush (EN)
Distribution: Australia [I] (New South Wales [I], Tasmania [I]); New Zealand [I]; Hawaii [I] (Maui [I], Hawaii Isl. [I]); Canada (British Columbia, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Québec); USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Iowa, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, Montana, North Carolina, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, Vermont, Washington State, Wisconsin, West Virginia); Mexico (Aguascalientes, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Sonora, Veracruz, Zacatecas); Honduras; Chile [I] (Maule [I], Ñuble [I], Biobío [I], Araucanía [I], Los Lagos [I])
50 aus 51 nzl 63 haw 71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX 80 HON 85 cle
Remarks: subgen. Verojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus acuminatus f. obtusatus F.J.Herm.; Pap. Michigan Acad. Sci. 20: 46 (1935)
= Juncus acuminatus f. sphaerocephalus F.J.Herm.; Leafl. W. Bot. 8: 13 (1956)
= Juncus acuminatus var. legitimus Engelm.; A. Gray, Manual, ed. 5: 542 (1867)
= Juncus acuminatus var. multiceps (Kunze ex Kunth) Barros; Darwiniana 10: 437 (1953)
= Juncus bolanderi var. riparius Jeps.; Fl. Calif. 1: 255 (1921)
= Juncus fraternus Kunth; Enum. Pl. 3: 340 (1841)
= Juncus multiceps Kunze ex Kunth; Enum. Pl. 3: 337 (1841)
= Juncus paradoxus E.Mey.; Syn. Junc. 30 (1822)
= Juncus polycephalus var. paradoxus (E.Mey.) Torr.; Fl. New York 2: 327 (1847)
= Juncus pondii Alph.Wood; Class-book Bot.: 724 (1861)
= Juncus sylvaticus Muhl.; Descr. Gram.: 206 (1817), nom. superfl.
= Tristemon albus Raf.; Autik. Bot.: 191 (1840)
= Tristemon macrocarpon Raf.; Autikon Bot. 191 (1840)
= Verojuncus acuminatus (Michx.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 29 (2023)
species :
Juncus acutiflorus Ehrh. ex Hoffm.; Deutschl. Fl. 125 (1791)
subspecies :
subsp. acutiflorus
Name: Spitzblütige Binse (DE), Sharpflower rush (EN)
Distribution: Faeroe Isl.; England; Ireland; Denmark; Norway; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Portugal; Spain; Andorra; France; Channel Isl.; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece; +Lithuania; C-European Russia; W-Ukraine; Crimea [I]; Morocco; Turkey (Inner Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Pakistan (Baluchistan); New Zealand [I]; St. Pierre et Miquelon [I]
10 DEN FOR GRB IRE NOR 11 AUT BGM CZE GER LIE LUX POL SLO SWI 12 ADO CIS COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS MNT NMA ROM SLV SRB TUE 14 kry LIT RUS UKR 20 MOR 34 IRQ TUR 40 PAK 51 nzl 72 spm
Remarks: subgen. Verojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus acutiflorus unranked coarctatus G.Mey.; Chloris Han.: 566 (1836), nom. inval.
= Juncus acutiflorus unranked effusus G.Mey.; Chloris Han.: 566 (1836)
= Juncus acutiflorus unranked hagenbachianus Gaudin; Fl. Helv. 2: 551 (1828)
= Juncus acutiflorus unranked rufus Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 468 (1904)
= Juncus acutiflorus unranked tenuifolius Gaudin; Fl. Helv. 2: 551 (1828)
= Juncus acutiflorus f. fluitans (A.F.Schwarz) Hegi; 170 (1909)
= Juncus acutiflorus f. pallescens (W.D.J.Koch) Hegi; 170 (1909)
= Juncus acutiflorus subsp. brevirostris (Nees ex Bluff & Fingerh.) Schübl. & G.Martens; 235 (1834)
= Juncus acutiflorus subsp. multiflorus Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 468 (1904)
= Juncus acutiflorus var. brevirostris (Nees) Bluff; Comp. Fl. German., ed. 2, 1: 565 (1836), nom. inval.
= Juncus acutiflorus var. confertus (Lange) Hegi; 170 (1909)
= Juncus acutiflorus var. divaricatus Fr.; Fl. Hallandica: 61 (1817)
= Juncus acutiflorus var. exoletus Rchb.; J. C. Mössler, Handb. Gewächsk. ed. 3, 1: 607 (1833)
= Juncus acutiflorus var. fluitans A.F.Schwarz; 802 (1902), nom. illeg.
= Juncus acutiflorus var. fluitans Hartm.; Handb. Skand. Fl.: 142 (1820)
= Juncus acutiflorus var. hagenbachianus Gaudin; Fl. Helv. 2: 551 (1828)
= Juncus acutiflorus var. laxus Spenn.; Fl. Friburg. 1: 184 (1825)
= Juncus acutiflorus var. macrocephalus (W.D.J.Koch) Lange; Haandb. Danske Fl.: 211 (1851)
= Juncus acutiflorus var. macrocephalus Schur; 69 (1851), nom. inval.
= Juncus acutiflorus var. macrocephalus Syme; 30 (1870)
= Juncus acutiflorus var. microcephalus Husn.; Joncées: 14 (1908), nom. illeg.
= Juncus acutiflorus var. microcephalus Rchb.; Fl. Germ. Excurs. 96 (1830)
= Juncus acutiflorus var. minor J.Gay ex Laharpe; Essai Monogr. Jonc.: 40 (1825)
= Juncus acutiflorus var. multiflorus Weihe ex Boenn.; Prodr. Fl. Monast. Westphal. 103 (1824)
= Juncus acutiflorus var. multiflorus Weihe ex Spenn.; Fl. Friburg. 1: 184 (1825)
= Juncus acutiflorus var. nemorosus Wimm. & Grab.; Fl. Siles. 1: 336 (1827)
= Juncus acutiflorus var. pauciflorus Spenn.; Fl. Friburg. 1: 184 (1825)
= Juncus acutiflorus var. pratensis Wimm. & Grab.; Fl. Siles. 1: 336 (1827)
= Juncus acutiflorus var. proliferus Hartm.; Handb. Skand. Fl.: 142 (1820)
= Juncus acutiflorus var. repens J.Gay ex Laharpe; Essai Monogr. Jonc.: 40 (1825)
= Juncus acutiflorus var. tenuifolius Gaudin; Fl. Helv. 2: 551 (1828)
= Juncus acutiflorus var. viviparus Spenn.; Fl. Friburg. 1: 184 (1825)
= Juncus acutiflorus wulfenii Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 468 (1904)
= Juncus articulatus f. acutiflorus (Ehrh. ex Hoffm.) Regel; Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint Pétersbourg, Sér. 7, 4(4): 157 (1861)
= Juncus articulatus var. sylvaticus Leers; 88 (1775)
= Juncus brevirostris Nees; Bluff. & Fingerh. Comp. Fl. Germ. ed. I. 1: 432 (1825), nom. illeg.
= Juncus foliosus Hoppe; Neues Bot. Taschenb. Anfänger Wiss. Apothekerkunst 21: 159 (1810), nom. superfl.
= Juncus lampocarpus var. acutiflorus (Ehrh. ex Hoffm.) Neilr.; Fl. Wien: 97 (1846)
= Juncus lampocarpus var. schoenoides (Mérat) Lej.; Rev. Fl. Spa: 70 (1825)
= Juncus nemorosus Sibth.; Fl. Oxon. 114 (1794), nom. illeg., non Pollich (1776)
= Juncus rufus Miel. ex Huebener; Flora 22: 490 (1839), nom. inval.
= Juncus schoenoides Mérat; Nouv. Fl. Env. Paris 2(2): 73 (1831)
= Juncus spadiceus Schreb.; Schweigg. & Körte, Fl. Erlang. 148 (1811), nom. illeg.
= Juncus sylvaticus proles brevirostris (Nees) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 13: 242 (1912)
= Juncus sylvaticus subsp. brevirostris (Nees ex Bluff & Fingerh.) Garcke; 479 (1848)
= Juncus sylvaticus subvar. brevirostris Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 747 (1882)
= Juncus sylvaticus subvar. pallescens (W.D.J.Koch) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 13: 242 (1912)
= Juncus sylvaticus var. brachiatus Lojac.; Fl. Sicul. 3: 158 (1909)
= Juncus sylvaticus var. brevirostris (Nees) P.Fourn.; Quatre Fl. France: 149 (1935)
= Juncus sylvaticus var. confertus Lange; Willk. & Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 1: 185 (1861), nom. inval.
= Juncus sylvaticus var. congestus Lange; Vidensk. Meddel. Naturhist. Foren. Kjøbenhavn 2: 67 (1860)
= Juncus sylvaticus var. elongatus Merino; Fl. Galicia 3: 63 (1909)
= Juncus sylvaticus var. macrocephalus W.D.J.Koch; Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv.: 729 (1837)
= Juncus sylvaticus var. major Parl.; Fl. Ital. 2: 337 (1852), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Juncus sylvaticus var. pallens M.Loehr; 696 (1852), nom. illeg.
= Juncus sylvaticus var. pallescens W.D.J.Koch; Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv.: 729 (1837)
= Juncus sylvaticus var. pallidus Tourlet; 517 (1908)
= Juncus sylvaticus var. paniculatus Lojac.; Fl. Sicul. 3: 158 (1909)
= Juncus sylvaticus var. virescens Döll; 329 (1856)
= Juncus sylvaticus var. virescens Lojac.; Fl. Sicul. 3: 158 (1909), nom. illeg.
= Juncus sylvaticus var. viviparus Lange; Willk. & Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 1: 185 (1861)
= Juncus sylvaticus virescens Döll; Fl. Baden 1: 329 (1857)
= Phylloschoenus acutiflorus (Ehrh. ex Hoffm.) Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, n.s., 17: 172 (1869), nom. inval.
= Verojuncus acutiflorus (Ehrh. ex Hoffm.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 29 (2023)
subspecies :
subsp. rugosus (Steud.) Cout.; Fl. Port. 118 (1913)
Distribution: S- & W-Portugal; SW-Spain
12 POR SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus acutiflorus var. rugosus (Steud.) Cout.; Bol. Soc. Brot. 8: 116 (1890)
= Juncus rugosus Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 298 (1855)
= Juncus sylvaticus subsp. rugosus (Steud.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 747 (1882)
= Verojuncus acutiflorus subsp. rugosus (Steud.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 29 (2023)
species :
Juncus acutus L.; Sp. Pl. 325 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. acutus
Name: Stechende Binse (DE); Sharp Rush (EN); Junco comun (ES)
Distribution: England; Ireland; Portugal; Spain; Baleares; France; Channel Isl.; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; European Turkey; Greece; Crete; Morocco; Western Sahara; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, La Palma Isl.); Turkmenistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Iraq (NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia); Iran (N-Iran); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (C-Israel, coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, N-Sinai); Jordania (E-Jordania, S-Jordania); Saudi Arabia (C-Saudi Arabia, NE-Saudi Arabia, N-Saudi Arabia, Asir); Kuwait; Oman (Mascat & Oman); Yemen (coastal Hadhramaut, Inner Hadhramaut); Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); N-New Zealand [I]; Chile [I]
10 GRB IRE 12 BAL CIS COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MNT NMA SIC SLV SRB TUE 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN WSA 21 CNY 32 TKM 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SIN SYR TUR 35 KUW OMA SAU YEM 50 aus 51 nzl 85 cle
Remarks: subgen. 1 Juncus, sect. Juncus; acutus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus acutus Rasse megalocarpus Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 453 (1904), nom. inval.
= Juncus acutus subsp. decompositus (Guss.) Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital.: 715 (1882)
= Juncus acutus subsp. multibracteatus (Tineo) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 179 (1890)
= Juncus acutus subsp. variegatus (Caruel) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 746 (1882)
= Juncus acutus var. conglobatus Trautv.; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 5: 480 (1878), nom. inval.
= Juncus acutus var. conglomeratus Buchenau; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 12: 250 (1890), nom. inval.
= Juncus acutus var. decompositus Guss.; Enum. Pl. Inarim.: 345 (1854)
= Juncus acutus var. effusus Buchenau; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 12: 250 (1890)
= Juncus acutus var. longibracteatus Buchenau; P. E. Boiss., Fl. Orient. 5: 354 (1882)
= Juncus acutus var. multibracteatus (Tineo) Cout.; Fl. Portugal: 116 (1913)
= Juncus acutus var. multibracteatus (Tineo) Pérez Lara; Anales Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 25: 456 (1886)
= Juncus acutus var. paniculatus Cout.; Bol. Soc. Brot. 8: 97 (1890)
= Juncus karelinii Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 297 (1855)
= Juncus maritimus subsp. acutus (L.) Douin; Bonnier, Fl. Ill. France 11: 59 (1931), nom. illeg.
= Juncus multibracteatus Tineo; Guss., Fl. Sicul. Prodr., Suppl.: 105 (1832)
= Juncus spinosus Forssk.; Fl. Aegypt. Arab. 75 (1775)
= Juncus variegatus Caruel; Nuov. Giorn. Bot. 2: 276 (1870)
subspecies :
subsp. leopoldii (Parl.) Snogerup; Bot. Not. 131: 187 (1978)
Name: Leopold´s rush (EN
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; Morocco; ?Algeria; Egypt (Desert Oases, NE-Egypt, Nile Delta, Nile Valley, NW-coastal Egypt, SE-Egypt); Azores (Santa Maria Isl., Sao Miguel Isl., Terceira, Graciosa, Sao Jorge, Pico, Faial, Flores Isl., Corvo Isl.); Madeira (Madeira Isl., Porto Santo Isl.); Canary Isl. (Lanzarote); Cape Verde Isl. (Santo Antao Isl., Sao Vicente Isl.); South Africa (Free State, N-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Ascension Isl.; USA (California, Nevada, Arizona); Bermuda; Mexico (Baja California Norte, Baja California Sur, Sonora); S-Brazil (Santa Catarina); Uruguay (Montevideo, San Jose); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Cordoba, La Pampa, La Rioja, Mendoza, Rio Negro, Salta, Santa Fe, San Juan, San Luis, Tucuman); Chile (Antofagasta, Atacama, Coquimbo, Valparaíso, Metropolitana de Santiago, Los Lagos)
12 POR SPA 20 EGY MOR 21 AZO CNY CVI MDR 27 SAF 28 ASC 76 USA 79 MEX 81 BER 84 BRA 85 ARG CLE URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus acutus f. xanthosus Jeps.; Fl. Calif. 1: 249 (1921)
= Juncus acutus var. leopoldii (Parl.) Buchenau; Monogr. Junc. Cap. [Abh. Naturwiss. Ver. Bremen 4]: 421 (1875)
= Juncus acutus var. sphaerocarpus Engelm.; Rep. U. S. Geol. Survey, Bot. 6: 376 (1878)
= Juncus leopoldii Parl.; Giorn. Bot. Ital. 2: I. (1846) 324
= Juncus robustus S.Watson; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 14: 302 (1879)
species :
Juncus aemulans Liebm.; Vidensk. Meddel. Naturhist. Foren. Kjøbenhavn (1850) 38
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Ciudad de Mexico, Hidalgo, Mexico State, Oaxaca, Veracruz); Guatemala
79 MEX 80 GUA
Remarks: subgen. 2 Agathryon, sect. 3 Juncotypus
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon aemulans (Liebm.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 35 (2023)
= Juncus effusus var. aemulans (Liebm.) Buchenau; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV 36: 136 (1905)
species :
Juncus alatus Franch. & Sav.; Enum. Pl. Jap. 2: 98 (1876)
Distribution: China (Hebei, Shanxi, Gansu, Shandong, Jiangsu, Anhui, Zhejiang, Jiangxi, Fujian, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Guangdong, Guangxi, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan); North Korea; South Korea; Japan (Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu)
36 CHI 38 JAP KOR NKO
Remarks: subgen. Verojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Verojuncus alatus (Franch. & Sav.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 28 (2023)
species :
Juncus alexandri L.A.S.Johnson; Aspects Tasmanian Bot.- Tribute Winifred Curtis (ed. M. R. Banks et al.): 37 (1991)
subspecies :
subsp. alexandri
Distribution: Australia (Victoria, New South Wales)
50 AUS
Remarks: subgen. 2 Agathryon, sect. 3 Juncotypus
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon alexandri (L.A.S.Johnson) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 37 (2023)
subspecies :
subsp. melanobasis L.A.S.Johnson; Aspects Tasmanian Bot.- Tribute Winifred Curtis (ed. M. R. Banks et al.): 38 (1991)
Distribution: Australia (New South Wales)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon alexandri subsp. melanobasis (L.A.S.Johnson) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 37 (2023)
species :
Juncus allioides Franch.; Nouv. Arch. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris sér. 2, 10- 99 (1887)
Distribution: China (Gansu, Guizhou, Henan, Hubei, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan); Tibet; Nepal; Bhutan; N-India (Arunachal Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Meghalaya, Sikkim, Uttarakhand)
36 CHI TIB 40 BHU IND NEP
Remarks: subgen. Alpinojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Alpinojuncus allioides (Franch.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 26 (2023)
= Juncus macranthus Buchenau; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 12: 398 (1890)
= Juncus yunnanensis A.Camus; Notul. Syst. (Paris) 1: 275 (1910)
= Rhynchospora mairei H.Lév.; Cat. Pl. Yun-Nan: 80 (1916)
species :
Juncus alpigenus K.Koch; Linnaea 21: 627 (1848)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (E-Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia)
33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 TUR
Remarks: subgen. Verojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus melanocephalus Boiss. & Kotschy; P. E. Boiss., Fl. Orient. 5: 360 (1884), nom. illeg.
= Verojuncus alpigenus (K.Koch) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 29 (2023)
species :
Juncus alpinoarticulatus Chaix; Vill. Hist. Pl. Dauph. 1: 378 (1786)
subspecies :
subsp. alpinoarticulatus
Name: Alpen-Binse (DE)
Distribution: Iceland; England; Denmark; Norway; Sweden; Finland; Netherlands; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, +Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, +Schleswig-Holstein, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; France; Andorra; Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; C-European Russia; N-European Russia; W-European Russia; Ukraine; Siberia [I] (W-Siberia [I]); Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Azerbaijan; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia)
10 DEN FIN GRB ICE NOR SWE 11 AUT CZE GER HUN LIE NET POL SLO SWI 12 ADO FRA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS MNT NMA ROM SLV SRB TUE 14 EST LAT LIT RUS UKR 30 sib 33 AZE GEO NCS 34 TUR
Remarks: subgen. Verojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus acutiflorus var. alpinus (Vill.) Gaudin; Agrost. Helv. 2: 223 (1811)
= Juncus alpinoarticulatus subsp. alpinus (Vill.) O.Schwarz; Mitt. Thüring. Bot. Ges. 1: 90 (1949)
= Juncus alpinoarticulatus subsp. arthrophyllus (Brenner) Reichg.; S. J. van Ooststroom & al., Fl. Neerl. 1(6): 195 (1964)
= Juncus alpinoarticulatus subsp. fuscoater (Schreb.) O.Schwarz; Mitt. Thüring. Bot. Ges. 1(1): 90 (1949)
= Juncus alpinus unranked mucroniflorus (Clairv.) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 472 (1904), nom. inval.
= Juncus alpinus unranked pygmaeus (Salis ex Buchenau) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 473 (1904)
= Juncus alpinus carpaticus (Simonk.) Degen ex Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 473 (1904), nom. illeg.
= Juncus alpinus f. acicularis Lindq.; Bot. Not. 1932: 354 (1932)
= Juncus alpinus f. carpathicus Racib.; Consp. Junc. Polon. 17 [p. separ.] (1888)
= Juncus alpinus f. congestus (Brenner) Hjelt; Acta Soc. Fauna Fl. Fenn. 5(II): 142 (1892)
= Juncus alpinus f. giganteus Erdner; Ber. Naturwiss. Vereins Schwaben u. Neuburg 39.40: 114.115 (1911).
= Juncus alpinus subsp. arthrophyllus (Brenner) Hjelt; Acta Soc. Fauna Fl. Fenn. 5(II): 142 (1892)
= Juncus alpinus subsp. arthrophyllus (Brenner) Hyl.; Nord. Kärlväxtfl. 1: 171 (1953), isonym
= Juncus alpinus subsp. australis Hyl.; Uppsala Univ. Årsskr. 1945(7): 107 (1945), nom. inval.
= Juncus alpinus subsp. carpaticus (Simonk.) Borza; Exsicc. (Fl. Roman), nom. illeg.
= Juncus alpinus subsp. fuscoater (Schreb.) H.Lindb.; Exsicc. (Pl. Finland.) IX-XX: 43 (1916)
= Juncus alpinus subsp. mucroniflorus (Clairv.) Lindm.; Sv. Fanerogamfl.: 155 (1918)
= Juncus alpinus var. carpaticus (Simonk.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur., Suppl. 2: 313 (1890)
= Juncus alpinus var. carpaticus (Simonk.) T.Georgiev & Kozhukhov; Fl. Bulg. 2: 167 (1965)
= Juncus alpinus var. fuscoater (Schreb.) Rchb.; Exsicc. (Fl. Germ.) 1845: no. 159 (1845)
= Juncus alpinus var. grandiflorus Beyer; Progr. Andrews Realgymn. Berlin 1891: 27 (1891)
= Juncus alpinus var. microcarpus (Brenner) Hjelt; Acta Soc. Fauna Fl. Fenn. 5(II): 141 (1892)
= Juncus alpinus var. subglobosus Döll; 179 (1843)
= Juncus alpinus Vill.; Hist. Pl. Dauphiné 2: 233 (1787), nom. superfl.
= Juncus aquaticus subsp. fuscoater (Schreb.) Hagenb.; Tent. Fl. Basil. 1: 327 (1821)
= Juncus articulatus subsp. fuscoater (Schreb.) E.G.Almq.; T. O. B. N. Krok & S. Almquist, Svensk Fl., ed. 20: 210 (1928)
= Juncus articulatus subsp. suteri Uechtr.; 91 (1832)
= Juncus articulatus var. alpinus Jess.; 511 (1879)
= Juncus carpaticus f. minor Zapal.; Consp. Fl. Gallic. Crit. 1: 136 (1906)
= Juncus carpaticus Simonk.; Term. Füz. 10: 184 (1886)
= Juncus fuscoater Spielart coarctatus G.Mey.; Chloris Han.: 566 (1836), nom. inval.
= Juncus fuscoater f. congestus Brenner; Meddeland. Soc. Fauna Fl. Fenn. 16: 56 (1888)
= Juncus fuscoater f. subatricapillus Neuman; Sver. Fl. 657 (1901)
= Juncus fuscoater Schreb.; Schweigg. & Körte, Fl. Erlang. 149 (1811)
= Juncus fuscoater subsp. arthrophyllus Brenner; Meddeland. Soc. Fauna Fl. Fenn. 16: 56 (1889)
= Juncus fuscoater var. microcarpus Brenner; Meddeland. Soc. Fauna Fl. Fenn. 16: 55 (1889)
= Juncus fuscoater var. minor Spenn.; Fl. Friburg. 1: 183 (1825)
= Juncus geniculatus subsp. arthrophyllus (Brenner) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung., 23(3-4): 388 (1977 publ. 1978)
= Juncus lampocarpus subsp. alpinus (Vill. ex Ces.) Ces.in Car.Catt.; 317 (1844)
= Juncus lampocarpus var. microcephalus Peterm.; Flora 27: 362 (1844)
= Juncus lampocarpus var. obtusiflorus Neilr.; Fl. Wien: 97 (1846)
= Juncus lampocarpus var. pygmaeus Salis-Marschl. ex Buchenau; Krit. Verz. Juncac.: 65 (1880)
= Juncus microcarpus Nolte ex Gaudin; 553 (1828), nom. inval.
= Juncus mucroniflorus Clairv.; Man. Herbor. Suisse: 104 (1811), nom. superfl.
= Juncus sosnowskyi Novikov; Byull. Moskovsk. Obshch. Isp. Prir., Otd. Biol. 94(1): 110 (1989)
= Juncus ustulatus Hoppe; Anleit. Graes. 30 (1819)
= Juncus ustulatus var. alpinus (Vill.) Gaudin; Fl. Helv. 2: 553 (1828)
= Verojuncus alpinoarticulatus (Chaix) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 29 (2023)
subspecies :
subsp. alpestris (Hartm.) Hämet-Ahti; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 17(3): 342 (1980)
Distribution: Iceland; Norway; Sweden; Finland; N-European Russia
10 FIN ICE NOR SWE 14 RUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus alpestris Hartm.; Handb. Skand. Fl.: 141 (1820)
= Juncus alpinus f. obtusatus (Hartm.) Lindq.; Bot. Not. 1932: 354 (1932)
= Juncus alpinus f. uniceps (Laest. ex Wahlenb.) Lindm.; Sv. Fanerogamfl.: 156 (1918)
= Juncus alpinus subsp. alpestris (Hartm.) Á.Löve & D.Löve; Rit Landbúnaoard. Atvinnud. Háskólans, B 3: 23 (1948)
= Juncus alpinus var. alpestris (Hartm.) Almq.; Handb. Skand. Fl. ed. 11: 422 (1879)
= Juncus alpinus var. uniceps (Laest. ex Wahlenb.) Hartm.; Handb. Skand. Fl., ed. 7: 240 (1858)
= Juncus nodulosus f. uniceps (Laest. ex Wahlenb.) Schljakov; Fl. Murm. Prov. 2: 172 (1954), nom. inval.
= Juncus nodulosus var. alpestris (Hartm.) Schljakov; Fl. Murm. Prov. 2: 172 (1954), nom. inval.
= Juncus nodulosus var. biceps Laest. ex Wahlenb.; Fl. Suec., ed. 2: 1090 (1833)
= Juncus nodulosus var. uniceps Laest. ex Wahlenb.; Fl. Suec., ed. 2: 1090 (1833)
= Juncus rariflorus var. obtusatus Hartm.; Handb. Skand. Fl.: 141 (1820)
= Juncus ustulatus var. alpestris (Hartm.) Hartm.; Handb. Skand. Fl., ed. 2: 94 (1832)
= Verojuncus alpinoarticulatus subsp. alpestris (Hartm.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 29 (2023)
subspecies :
subsp. americanus (Farw.) Hämet-Ahti; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 23(4): 277 (1986)
Name: Northern green rush (EN)
Distribution: Russian Far East (Kamchatka, Khabarovsk, Magadan, Primorye); Alaska; Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Labrador, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Northern Territories, Ontario, Prince Edward Isl., Québec, Saskatchewan, Yukon); USA (Colorado, Iowa, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Massachusetts, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, North Dakota, Nebraska, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Utah, Vermont, Washington State, Wisconsin, Wyoming)
31 RFE 70 ASK CDN 71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus affinis R.Br.; Franklin, Narr. Journey Polar Sea: 735 (1823), nom. illeg.
= Juncus alpinus var. americanus Farw.; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 11: 74 (1928)
= Juncus alpinus var. insignis Fr. ex Buchenau; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 12: 374 (1890)
= Juncus richardsonianus Schult. & Schult.f.; Syst. Veg. 7(1): 201 (1829)
= Verojuncus alpinoarticulatus subsp. americanus (Farw.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 29 (2023)
subspecies :
subsp. fischerianus (Turcz. ex V.I.Krecz.) Hämet-Ahti; Mem. Soc. Fauna Flora Fenn. 56(4): 97 (1980)
Distribution: Finland; Estonia; N-European Russia; W-European Russia; Siberia (Altai, Buryatia, Chita, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, W-Siberia, Yakutia); Russian Far East (Khabarovsk, Sakhalin); ?Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Mongolia
10 FIN 14 EST RUS 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KGZ 37 MON
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus alpinus var. macrocephalus Hyl.; Bot. Not. 1953: 353 (1953)
= Juncus fischerianus Turcz. ex V.I.Krecz.; Fedtsch., Fl. Transbaic. 2: 142 (1931)
= Verojuncus alpinoarticulatus subsp. fischerianus (V.I.Krecz.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 29 (2023)
= Verojuncus articulatus f. macrocephalus (Viv.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 30 (2023)
subspecies :
subsp. fuscescens (Fernald) Hämet-Ahti; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 23(4): 280 (1986)
Distribution: USA (Minnesota, Wisconsin, Michigan, New York)
74 USA 75 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus alpinus var. fuscescens Fernald; Rhodora 10: 48 (1908)
= Verojuncus alpinoarticulatus subsp. fuscescens (Fernald) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 29 (2023)
subspecies :
subsp. rariflorus (Hartm.) Breistr.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 89(Sess. Extr.): 91 (1966)
Distribution: Iceland; Scotland; Denmark; Norway; Sweden; Finland; Estonia; Latvia; N-European Russia; Siberia (W-Siberia)
10 DEN FIN GRB ICE NOR SWE 14 EST LAT RUS 30 SIB
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus alpinoarticulatus subsp. nodulosus (Wahlenb.) Hämet-Ahti; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 17: 342 (1980)
= Juncus alpinoarticulatus subsp. rariflorus (Hartm.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 23: 413 (1988), isonym
= Juncus alpinoarticulatus var. marshallii (Pugsley) P.D.Sell; P. D. Sell & G. Murrell, Fl. Great Britain & Ireland 5: 363 (1996)
= Juncus alpinus f. grandiceps Lindq.; Bot. Not. 1932: 354 (1932)
= Juncus alpinus f. pygmaeus Lindq.; Bot. Not. 1932: 355 (1932), nom. illeg.
= Juncus alpinus subsp. nodulosus (Wahlenb.) Lindm.; Svensk. Fanerogamfl.: 155 (1918)
= Juncus alpinus subsp. rariflorus (Hartm.) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 181 (1890)
= Juncus alpinus var. dissolutus Lindm.; Sv. Fanerogamfl.: 155 (1918)
= Juncus alpinus var. marshallii (Pugsley) Lindq.; Bot. Not. 1932: 355 (1932)
= Juncus alpinus var. rariflorus (Hartm.) Hartm.; Handb. Skand. Fl., ed. 7: 240 (1858)
= Juncus articulatus subsp. nodulosus (Wahlenb.) E.G.Almq.; T. O. B. N. Krok & S. Almquist, Svensk Fl., ed. 20: 210 (1928)
= Juncus fuscoater f. viviparus Brenner; Meddeland. Soc. Fauna Fl. Fenn. 16: 56 (1888)
= Juncus marshallii Pugsley; J. Bot. 69: 279 (1931)
= Juncus nodulosus f. dissolutus Lindm.; Svensk. Fanerogamfl. 165 (1918)
= Juncus nodulosus var. marshallii (Pugsley) P.W.Richards; T. G. Tutin & E. F. Warb., Fl. Brit. Isles: 1251 (1952)
= Juncus nodulosus var. rariflorus (Hartm.) Fr.; Novit. Fl. Suec. Alt. 2: 91 (1828)
= Juncus nodulosus Wahlenb.; Fl. Upsal.: 114 (1820)
= Juncus rariflorus Hartm.; Handb. Skand. Fl.: 141 (1820)
= Juncus ustulatus var. rariflorus (Hartm.) Lange; Haandb. Danske Fl.: 213 (1851)
= Verojuncus alpinoarticulatus subsp. rariflorus (Hartm.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 29 (2023)
species :
Juncus amabilis Edgar; New Zealand J. Bot. 2: 186 (1964)
Distribution: England [I]; Australia (Western Australia, South Australia, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania); N-New Zealand [I]
10 grb 50 AUS 51 nzl
Remarks: subgen. 2 Agathryon, sect. 3 Juncotypus
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon amabile (Edgar) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 37 (2023)
species :
Juncus amplifolius A.Camus; Notul. Syst. (Paris) 1: 281 (1910)
Distribution: China (Gansu, Qinghai, Shanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan); Tibet; W-Nepal; Bhutan; N-India (Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim); Myanmar
36 CHI TIB 40 BHU IND NEP 41 MYA
Synonyms: hidden
= Alpinojuncus amplifolius (A.Camus) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 26 (2023)
species :
Juncus amuricus (Maxim.) V.I.Krecz. & Gontsch.; Kom., Fl. URSS 3: 516 (1935)
Distribution: Russian Far East (Amur, Khabarovsk, Primorye); ?NE-China; ?North Korea; Canada (British Columbia); USA (Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, Washington State)
31 RFE 71 CDN 73 USA 76 USA
Remarks: subgen. 2 Agathryon, sect. 1 Tenageia
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon amuricum (Maxim.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 33 (2023)
= Juncus bufonius var. amuricus Maxim.; Mém. Sav. Étr. Acad. St. Pétersbourg 9: 294 (1859)
= Juncus bufonius var. occidentalis F.J.Herm.; Madroño 25: 104 (1978)
= Juncus sphaerocarpus var. amuricus (Maxim.) Buchenau; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV 36: 108 (1906)
species :
Juncus anatolicus Snogerup; Bot. Notiser 131: 194, t. 2D, 3 middle right (1978)
Distribution: Turkey (N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, W-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: subgen. Verojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Verojuncus anatolicus (Snogerup) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 29 (2023)
species :
Juncus anceps Laharpe; Mém. Soc. Hist. Nat. Paris 3: 126 (1827)
Name: Zweischneidige Binse (DE)
Distribution: S-Sweden; Denmark; Finland [I]; Netherlands; Belgium; Germany (Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Schleswig-Holstein); ?Spain; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Greece; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia
10 DEN fin SWE 11 BGM GER NET 12 COR FRA SAR 13 ALB BIH CRO GRC ITA KOS MNT NMA SLV SRB 20 ALG MOR TUN
Remarks: subgen. Verojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus alpinoarticulatus subsp. atricapillus (Drejer ex Lange) Reichg.; C. J. van Ooststroom & al., Fl. Neerl. 1(6): 193 (1964)
= Juncus anceps Rasse atricapillus (Drejer) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 475 (1904)
= Juncus anceps unranked atricapillus (Drejer ex Lange) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 475 (1904)
= Juncus anceps f. coarctatus Lindq.; Bot. Not. 1932: 351 (1932)
= Juncus anceps f. herzegovinus (Sagorski) Lindq.; Bot. Not. 1932: 351 (1932)
= Juncus anceps f. pumilus Lindq.; Bot. Not. 1932: 352 (1932)
= Juncus anceps subsp. atricapillus (Drejer ex Lange) Hegi; 172 (1909)
= Juncus anceps subsp. herzegovinus Sagorski; Mitth. Thüring. Bot. Vereins, n. s. 16: 36 (1901)
= Juncus anceps var. atricapillus (Drejer ex Lange) Buchenau; Ber. Deutsch. Bot. Ges. 1: 493 (1883)
= Juncus anceps var. congestus Lange; Haandb. Danske Fl., ed. 2: 237 (1856)
= Juncus anceps var. sparsiflorus Lange; Haandb. Danske Fl., ed. 2: 237 (1856)
= Juncus articulatus subsp. atricapillus (Drejer ex Lange) C.Hartm.; Handb. Skand. Fl., ed. 11: 421 (1879)
= Juncus atricapillus Drejer; Kroyers, Tidsskrift 2: (1838) 182 ex Lange (1851)
= Juncus atricapillus subsp. anceps (Laharpe) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 181 (1890), nom. illeg.
= Verojuncus anceps (Laharpe) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 30 (2023)
species :
Juncus andersonii Buchenau; Engl. Pflanzenreich, Juncac. 202 (1906)
Distribution: +Uruguay
85 URU
Remarks: subgen. Verojuncus. Status uncertain, known only from the type collection
Synonyms: hidden
= Verojuncus andersonii (Buchenau) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 30 (2023)
species :
Juncus andinus Balslev; Phytotaxa 376(2): 98 (2018)
Distribution: Ecuador; Peru
83 ECU PER
Remarks: subgen. Verojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Verojuncus andinus (Balslev) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 30 (2023)
species :
Juncus antarcticus Hook.; Fl. Antarct. 79. t. 46 (1844)
Distribution: Australia (New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania); New Zealand (North Isl., South Isl., Stewart Isl.); Chatham Isl.; Auckland Isl.
50 AUS 51 AUC CTM NZL
Remarks: subgen. Australojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Australojuncus antarcticus (Hook.f.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 25 (2023)
= Juncus brevifolius Kirk; Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 14: 384 (1882), nom. illeg., non Liebm.
= Juncus pauciflorus Kirk; Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 9: 551 (1877), nom. illeg. [non R. Br.]
species :
Juncus anthelatus (Wiegand) R.E.Brooks & Whittem.; Novon 9: 11 (1999)
Name: Greater poverty rush (EN)
Distribution: New Zealand [I]; Canada (New Brunswick, Ontario, Québec); USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, Georgia, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, New Hampshire, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Vermont, Wisconsin, West Virginia); NE-Mexico
51 nzl 72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX
Remarks: subgen. 2 Agathryon, sect. 2 Steirochloa
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon anthelatum (Wiegand) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 34 (2023)
= Agathryon tenue subsp. anthelatum (Wiegand) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 35 (2023)
= Juncus macer f. anthelatus (Wiegand) F.J.Herm.; Rhodora 40: 81 (1938)
= Juncus macer f. discretiflorus F.J.Herm.; Rhodora 40: 82 (1938)
= Juncus macer var. anthelatus (Wiegand) Fernald; J. Bot. 68: 367 (1930)
= Juncus tenuis f. discretiflorus (F.J.Herm.) Fernald; Rhodora 47: 123 (1945)
= Juncus tenuis subsp. anthelatus (Wiegand) Verloove & Lambinon; New J. Bot. 1(1): 39 (2011)
= Juncus tenuis var. anthelatus Wiegand; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 27: 523 (1900)
species :
Juncus arcticus Willd.; Sp. Pl. 2: 206 (1799)
subspecies :
subsp. arcticus
Name: Arktische Binse (DE), Arctic rush (EN)
Distribution: Iceland; Svalbard; Norway; Sweden; Finland; Switzerland; Austria; France; Italy; N-European Russia; Siberia (Altai, Buryatia, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva, W-Siberia, Yakutia); Russian Far East (Kamchatka, Khabarovsk, Kuril Isl., Magadan, Sakhalin); Kazakhstan; Greenland; Canada (Nunavut, Manitoba, Quebec, Ontario)
10 FIN ICE NOR SVA SWE 11 AUT SWI 12 FRA 13 ITA 14 RUS 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ 70 CDN GNL 71 CDN 72 CDN
Remarks: subgen. 2 Agathryon, sect. 3 Juncotypus
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon arcticum (Willd.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 35 (2023)
= Juncus acuminatus Balb.; Elenco: 87 (1801), nom. rej. prop.
= Juncus arcticus subsp. intermedius Hyl.; Bot. Not. 1953: 353 (1953)
= Juncus arcticus var. depauperatus Trautv.; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 5(1): 118 (1877)
= Juncus arcticus var. muelleri (Trautv.) Kovt.; Izvest. SO AN URSS 6, ser. Biol. 1: 43 (1985)
= Juncus arcticus var. tuvinicus Polozhij; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 11: 319 (1974)
= Juncus muelleri Trautv.; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 5: 119 (1877)
= Juncus pauciflorus Moench ex Schleich.; Cat. Pl. Helv.: 57 (1800), nom. inval.
subspecies :
subsp. alaskanus Hultén; Acta Univ. Lund., n. s. 39(2): 441 (1943)
Name: Alaska rush (EN)
Distribution: Alaska; Canada (British Columbia, Labrador, Manitoba, Newfoundland, Northern Territories, Nunavut, Ontario, Québec, Yukon)
70 ASK CDN 71 CDN 72 CDN
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon arcticum subsp. alaskanum (Hultén) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 35 (2023)
= Juncus arcticus var. alaskanus (Hultén) Novikov; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 19: 55 (1982)
= Juncus arcticus var. alaskanus (Hultén) S.L.Welsh; isonym
= Juncus balticus var. alaskanus (Hultén) A.E.Porsild; isonym
subspecies :
subsp. grubovii (Novikov) Novikov, Kirschner & Snogerup; Preslia 74: 252 (2002)
Distribution: Siberia (Tuva, Yakutia); Mongolia
30 SIB 37 MON
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon arcticum subsp. grubovii (Novikov) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 35 (2023)
= Juncus grubovii Novikov; Byull. Mosk. Obshch. Ispyt. Prir., Biol. 86(5): 103 (1981)
= Juncus muelleri subsp. grubovii (Novikov) Novikov; Byull. Mosk. Obshch. Ispyt. Prir., Biol. 95(5): 116 (1990)
species :
Juncus aridicola L.A.S.Johnson; J. M. Black, Fl. S. Austr., ed. 3, 1: 322 (1978)
Distribution: England [I]; Australia (Western Australia, Northern Territory, South Australia, Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria); Lord Howe Isl. [I]
10 grb 50 AUS lhi
Remarks: subgen. 2 Agathryon, sect. 3 Juncotypus
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon aridicola (L.A.S.Johnson) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 37 (2023)
species :
Juncus articulatus L.; Sp. PI. 327 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. articulatus
Name: Glieder-Binse (DE); Jointed Rush (EN); Junco articulado (ES)
Distribution: Iceland; Faeroe Isl.; England; Ireland; Denmark; Norway; Sweden; Finland; Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; Andorra; Baleares; France; Channel Isl.; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Malta; San Marino; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece; Crete; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; N-European Russia; W-European Russia; Ukraine; Crimea; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya (incl. Tibesti); Azores (Sao Miguel Isl., Terceira, Sao Jorge, Corvo Isl.); Madeira (Madeira Isl.); Canary Isl. (Gran Canaria); Siberia (Altai, Buryatia, Chita, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva, W-Siberia, Yakutia); Russian Far East (Amur, Kamchatka, Khabarovsk, Kuril Isl., Sakhalin); Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia); Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, NW-Iran: Iranian Azerbaijan, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Badakshan, Wakhan, Badghys, Baghlan, Bamyan, Faryab, Ghazni, Ghorat, Helmand, Herat, Kabul, Kandahar, Kunar / Nuristan, Laghman, Wardak, Paktia / Khost, Parwan, Qunduz); Cyprus (C-Mountains, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, NW-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (coastal W-Israel, N-Israel); China (Hebei, Shanxi, Ningxia, Gansu, Xinjiang, Shandong, Henan, Sichuan, Yunnan, Hubei, Qinghai); Tibet; Mongolia; Pakistan (Baluchistan, N.W.Frontier Prov., Chitral, Swat, Hazara, Murree, Astor, Gilgit, Baltistan, Mirpur); Nepal; Bhutan; N-India (Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Meghalaya, Punjab, Uttarakhand); Vietnam; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); Norfolk Isl. [I]; New Zealand [I]; Chatham Isl. [I]; Auckland Isl. [I]; Alaska; Aleutes; Canada (British Columbia, Labrador, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Isl., Québec); St. Pierre et Miquelon; USA (Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, North Carolina, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, Nevada, New York, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Utah, Virginia, Vermont, Washington State, Wisconsin, West Virginia, Wyoming); Mexico (Baja California Sur, Chihuahua); Peru [I]
10 DEN FIN FOR GRB ICE IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 ADO BAL CIS COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MLT MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SMA SRB TUE 14 BLR EST KRY LAT LIT RUS UKR 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN 21 AZO CNY MDR 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR LEB SYR TUR 36 CHI TIB 37 MON 40 BHU IND NEP PAK 41 VIE 50 aus nfk 51 auc ctm nzl 70 ASK 71 CDN 72 CDN SPM 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX 83 per
Remarks: subgen. Verojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus acutiflorus var. pallidiflorus Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 686 (1866)
= Juncus adscendens Host; Icon. Descr. Gram. Austriac. 3: 58 (1805), nom. superfl.
= Juncus affinis Gaudin; Agrost. Helv. 2: 224 (1811)
= Juncus amblyocarpus Rydb.; Brittonia 1: 85 (1931)
= Juncus aquaticus (L.) All.; Fl. Pedem. 2: 217 (1785)
= Juncus aquaticus var. viviparus Roth; 155 (1788)
= Juncus aristiflorus Clairv.; Man. Herbor. Suisse: 104 (1811)
= Juncus articulatus Spielart coarctatus G.Mey.; Chloris Han.: 567 (1836), nom. inval.
= Juncus articulatus Spielart fluitans G.Mey.; Chloris Han.: 567 (1836), nom. illeg.
= Juncus articulatus Spielart maritimus G.Mey.; Chloris Han.: 567 (1836), nom. inval.
= Juncus articulatus Spielart radicans G.Mey.; Chloris Han.: 567 (1836)
= Juncus articulatus f. alpicola (Asch. & Graebn.) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 16: 366 (1971)
= Juncus articulatus f. alpigenus (Schur) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 16: 366 (1971)
= Juncus articulatus f. macrocarpus (Döll) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 16: 366 (1971)
= Juncus articulatus f. macrocephalus (Viv.) B.Bock; Bull. Soc. Bot. Centre-Ouest 42: 276 (2011 publ. 2012)
= Juncus articulatus f. natans (Glück) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 16: 366 (1971)
= Juncus articulatus f. nigrescens (Zapal.) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 16: 366 (1971), nom. illeg.
= Juncus articulatus f. pauciflorus Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 16: 366 (1971)
= Juncus articulatus f. stolonifer (Wohll.) Raymond; Naturaliste Canad. 77: 70 (1950)
= Juncus articulatus f. submersus (Glück) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 16: 366 (1971)
= Juncus articulatus f. subobtusatus (Asch. & Graebn.) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 16: 366 (1971)
= Juncus articulatus f. viridiflorus (Asch. & Graebn.) I.Grint.; Fl. Reipubl. Popul. Roman. 11: 564 (1966)
= Juncus articulatus f. zapalowiczii (Zapal.) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 16: 366 (1971), nom. inval.
= Juncus articulatus subsp. aquaticus (L.) Ehrh.; Hannover. Mag. 18: 220 (1780)
= Juncus articulatus subsp. fluitans (Mert. & W.D.J.Koch ex Klett & Richt.) Schübl. & G.Martens; 234 (1834)
= Juncus articulatus subsp. lampocarpus (Ehrh. ex Hoffm.) Bonnier & Layens; Tabl. Syn. Pl. Vasc. France: 321 (1894), isonym
= Juncus articulatus subsp. lampocarpus (Ehrh. ex Hoffm.) Hook.f.; 391 (1870)
= Juncus articulatus subsp. littoralis (Patze, E.Mey. & Elkan) Lemke; 70 (1963), nom. inval.
= Juncus articulatus subsp. macrocephalus (Viv.) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 180 (1890)
= Juncus articulatus subsp. nigritellus (D.Don) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 180 (1890)
= Juncus articulatus subsp. repens Schübl. & G.Martens; 234 (1834)
= Juncus articulatus subsp. tatewakii (Satake) Vorosch. ex A.K.Skvortsov; Florist. Issl. Razn. Raionakh SSSR: 157 (1985)
= Juncus articulatus var. adscendens Beck; Fl. Nieder-Österreich 1: 155 (1890)
= Juncus articulatus var. aquaticus L.; Syst. Nat. ed. 12: 250 (1767)
= Juncus articulatus var. brachycarpus (Trab.) Maire; Fl. Afrique N. 4: 301 (1957)
= Juncus articulatus var. cuspidatus (Brenner) Maire; Fl. Afrique N. 4: 302 (1957)
= Juncus articulatus var. fluitans (Mert. & W.D.J.Koch ex Klett & Richt.) Vollm.; 135 (1914)
= Juncus articulatus var. fluitans G.Mey.; Fl. Hanov. Excurs.: 586 (1849), nom. illeg.
= Juncus articulatus var. fluitans Wahlenb.; Fl. Lapp.: 32 (1812)
= Juncus articulatus var. hylandri Hämet-Ahti; Acta Bot. Fenn. 72: 4 (1966)
= Juncus articulatus var. lampocarpus (Ehrh. ex Hoffm.) Jess.; 511 (1879)
= Juncus articulatus var. lindhardii (Wiinst.) Wiinst.; C. C. Raunkiaer, Dansk Ekskurs.-Fl., ed. 6: 65 (1942)
= Juncus articulatus var. littoralis Patze, E.Mey. & Elkan; Fl. Preuss.: 67 (1848)
= Juncus articulatus var. maritimus G.Mey.; Fl. Hanov. Excurs.: 586 (1849)
= Juncus articulatus var. nigrescens Lindem.; Prodr. Fl. Cherson.: 206 (1872)
= Juncus articulatus var. obtusatus Engelm.; A. Gray, Manual, ed. 5, 541 (1867)
= Juncus articulatus var. pallescens Lindem.; Prodr. Fl. Cherson.: 206 (1872)
= Juncus articulatus var. setiformis Patze, E.Mey. & Elkan; Fl. Preuss.: 67 (1850)
= Juncus articulatus var. stolonifer (Wohll.) House; Bull. New York State Mus. Nat. Hist. 254: 213 (1924), isonym
= Juncus articulatus var. stolonifer (Wohll.) Vollm.; 135 (1914)
= Juncus articulatus var. subalpinus Borbás; Term. Közl. 12: 348 (1878)
= Juncus articulatus var. virens H.Post; Bot. Not. 1844: 148 (1844)
= Juncus articulatus var. viviparus (Roth) Schultz; 88 (1806)
= Juncus articulatus var. viviparus C.C.Gmel.; 74 (1806)
= Juncus bracteosus Kit. ex Kanitz; Linnaea 32: 332 (1863)
= Juncus castelli Tineo; G. Gussone, Fl. Sicul. Syn. 2: 816 (1845)
= Juncus geniculatus Schrank; Baier. Fl. 1: 613 (1789)
= Juncus gussonei Parl.; Fl. Ital. 2: 341 (1857)
= Juncus isthmiacus Neck.; Delic. Gallo-Belg. 1: 168 (1768), nom. illeg.
= Juncus lampocarpus subf. niger (Asch. & Graebn.) Suess.; 216 (1939)
= Juncus lampocarpus subf. pallescens (Asch. & Graebn.) Suess.; 216 (1939)
= Juncus lampocarpus subf. pallidiflorus (Asch. & Graebn.) Suess.; 216 (1939)
= Juncus lampocarpus subf. virescens (Asch. & Graebn.) Suess.; 216 (1939)
= Juncus lampocarpus subf. viridiflorus (Asch. & Graebn.) Suess.; 216 (1939)
= Juncus lampocarpus unranked affinis (Gaudin) Gaudin; Fl. Helv. 2: 552 (1828)
= Juncus lampocarpus unranked alpicola Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 478 (1904)
= Juncus lampocarpus unranked alpigenus Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv. 685 (1866)
= Juncus lampocarpus unranked congestus Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 478 (1904)
= Juncus lampocarpus unranked niger Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 478 (1904)
= Juncus lampocarpus unranked olympicus (Schott, Nyman & Kotschy) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 478 (1904)
= Juncus lampocarpus unranked pallescens Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 478 (1904)
= Juncus lampocarpus unranked pallidiflorus Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 478 (1904)
= Juncus lampocarpus unranked pallidus Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv. 685 (1866)
= Juncus lampocarpus unranked patens Ser. ex Gaudin; Fl. Helv. 2: 552 (1828)
= Juncus lampocarpus unranked prolifer Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv. 685 (1866)
= Juncus lampocarpus unranked repens Asch. & Graebn.; Fl. Nordostdeutschl. Flachl. 177 (1898)
= Juncus lampocarpus unranked stolonifer (Wohll.) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 479 (1904)
= Juncus lampocarpus unranked subobtusatus Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 479 (1904)
= Juncus lampocarpus unranked virescens Döll; Fl. Baden 1: 329 (1857)
= Juncus lampocarpus unranked viridiflorus Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 478 (1904)
= Juncus lampocarpus unranked viviparus Gaudin; Fl. Helvet. 2: 252 (1828)
= Juncus lampocarpus unranked viviparus Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv. 685 (1866)
= Juncus lampocarpus Ehrh. ex Hoffm.; Deutschl. Fl., ed. 2, 1: 166 (1800)
= Juncus lampocarpus f. alpicola (Asch. & Graebn.) Suess.; 216 (1939)
= Juncus lampocarpus f. aquaticus (L.) Neuman; Sver. Fl.: 656 (1901), nom. inval.
= Juncus lampocarpus f. brachycarpus Trab.; J. A. Batt. & al., Fl. Algérie, Monocot.: 84 (1895)
= Juncus lampocarpus f. congestus (Asch. & Graebn.) Suess.; 216 (1939)
= Juncus lampocarpus f. fluitans (Mert. & W.D.J.Koch ex Klett & Richt.) Hegi; 172 (1909)
= Juncus lampocarpus f. gracilis Montell; Memoranda Soc. Fauna Fl. Fenn. 22: 192 (1946)
= Juncus lampocarpus f. maximus Erdner; Ber. Naturwiss. Vereins Schwaben Neuburg 39-40: 113 (1911)
= Juncus lampocarpus f. nanus Neuman; Sver. Fl.: 656 (1901)
= Juncus lampocarpus f. natans Glück; Biol. Morphol. Untersuch. Wasser- Sumpfgew. 3: 219 (1911)
= Juncus lampocarpus f. nigrescens Zapal.; Consp. Fl. Gallic. Crit. 1: 138 (1906)
= Juncus lampocarpus f. parviflorus Racib.; Spraw. Komis. Fizjogr. 22(2): 15 (1888)
= Juncus lampocarpus f. repens (Nolte) Glück; 218 (1911)
= Juncus lampocarpus f. setiformis (Patze, E.Mey. & Elkan) Abrom.; 1093 (1940)
= Juncus lampocarpus f. submersus Glück; Biol. Morphol. Untersuch. Wasser- Sumpfgew. 3: 219 (1911)
= Juncus lampocarpus f. subobtusatus (Asch. & Graebn.) Suess.; 216 (1939)
= Juncus lampocarpus f. terrestris Glück; 320 (1923)
= Juncus lampocarpus f. viridans Kneuck.; Allg. Bot. Z. Syst. 17(Beibl.): 12 (1911)
= Juncus lampocarpus f. viridiflorus Zapal.; Consp. Fl. Gallic. Crit. 1: 137 (1906), nom. inval.
= Juncus lampocarpus f. viviparus (Gaudin) Neuman; Sver. Fl.: 656 (1901)
= Juncus lampocarpus f. viviparus Zapal.; 101, 102 (1906)
= Juncus lampocarpus subsp. macrocephalus (Viv.) Rouy; G. Rouy & J. Foucaud, Fl. France 13: 240 (1912)
= Juncus lampocarpus subsp. nigritellus (Don) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 748 (1882)
= Juncus lampocarpus subsp. nigritellus (F.W.Schultz) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 748 (1882)
= Juncus lampocarpus subsp. repens (Sond.) Asch. & Graebn.; Fl. Nordostdeut. Flachl.: 177 (1898)
= Juncus lampocarpus subsp. viviparus Gaudin; Fl. Helv. 2: 252 (1828)
= Juncus lampocarpus stolonifer (Wohll.) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 479 (1904)
= Juncus lampocarpus subobtusatus Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 479 (1904)
= Juncus lampocarpus var. adscendens (Host) Celak.; Prodr. Fl. Böhmen 1: 81 (1867), nom. inval.
= Juncus lampocarpus var. affinis (Gaudin) Gaudin; Fl. Helv. 2: 552 (1828)
= Juncus lampocarpus var. alpigenus Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 685 (1866)
= Juncus lampocarpus var. alpinus Spenn.; Fl. Friburg. 1: 183 (1825)
= Juncus lampocarpus var. aquaticus Hartm.; Handb. Skand. Fl., ed. 2: 94 (1832)
= Juncus lampocarpus var. ascendens Schur; 69 (1851), nom. inval.
= Juncus lampocarpus var. caespitosus Zapal.; Consp. Fl. Gallic. Crit. 1: 137 (1906)
= Juncus lampocarpus var. coarctatus Wender.; 101 (1846)
= Juncus lampocarpus var. corymbosus Neuman; Sver. Fl.: 656 (1901)
= Juncus lampocarpus var. cuspidatus Brenner; Meddeland. Soc. Fauna Fl. Fenn. 16: 57 (1889)
= Juncus lampocarpus var. erectus Klett & Richt.; Fl. Leipzig: 319 (1830)
= Juncus lampocarpus var. fluitans Mert. & W.D.J.Koch; Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv.: 730 (1837)
= Juncus lampocarpus var. fluitans Mert. & W.D.J.Koch ex Klett & Richt.; Fl. Leipzig 319 (1830)
= Juncus lampocarpus var. humilis Rchb.; X (1833)
= Juncus lampocarpus var. lindhardii Wiinst.; C. C. Raunkiaer, Dansk Ekskurs.-Fl., ed. 5: 65 (1934)
= Juncus lampocarpus var. littoralis (Patze, E.Mey. & Elkan) Buchenau; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 12: 379 (1890)
= Juncus lampocarpus var. macrocarpus Döll; Rhein. Fl.: 179 (1843)
= Juncus lampocarpus var. macrocephalus (Viv.) Döll; Rhein. Fl.: 179 (1843)
= Juncus lampocarpus var. multiflorus Lange; Haandb. Danske Fl. 3: 264 (1864)
= Juncus lampocarpus var. natans Vayr.; Cavanillesia 4: 60 (1931), nom. nud.
= Juncus lampocarpus var. nigritellus (F.W.Schultz) Macreight; Man. Brit. Bot.: 242 (1837)
= Juncus lampocarpus var. pallidus Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 685 (1866)
= Juncus lampocarpus var. parviflorus (Racib.) Zapal.; Consp. Fl. Gallic. Crit. 1: 137 (1906)
= Juncus lampocarpus var. patens Ser. ex Gaudin; Fl. Helv. 2: 552 (1828)
= Juncus lampocarpus var. pauciflorus Sond.; Fl. Hamburg.: 193 (1851), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Juncus lampocarpus var. prolifer Parl.; Fl. Ital. 2: 340 (1852)
= Juncus lampocarpus var. prolifer Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 685 (1866), nom. illeg.
= Juncus lampocarpus var. pumilus Schur; 69 (1851), nom. inval.
= Juncus lampocarpus var. radicans Wender.; 101 (1846)
= Juncus lampocarpus var. repens (Nolte) Asch.; 738 (1864)
= Juncus lampocarpus var. repens Lange; Haandb. Danske Fl.: 212 (1851), nom. illeg.
= Juncus lampocarpus var. repens Parl.; Fl. Ital. 2: 340 (1852), nom. illeg.
= Juncus lampocarpus var. repens Sond.; Fl. Hamburg.: 193 (1850)
= Juncus lampocarpus var. reptans Klett & Richt.; Fl. Leipzig: 319 (1830)
= Juncus lampocarpus var. salinus Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 685 (1866)
= Juncus lampocarpus var. senescens Buchenau; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 82(37): 19 (1905)
= Juncus lampocarpus var. stolonifer (Wohll.) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 479 (1904)
= Juncus lampocarpus var. suberectus Spenn.; Fl. Friburg. 1: 183 (1825)
= Juncus lampocarpus var. subobtusus Neuman; Sver. Fl.: 656 (1901)
= Juncus lampocarpus var. virescens Döll; 329 (1856)
= Juncus lampocarpus var. viviparus (Zapal.) Hegi; 172 (1909)
= Juncus lampocarpus var. viviparus Gaudin; Fl. Helv. 2: 552 (1828)
= Juncus lampocarpus var. viviparus Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 685 (1866), nom. illeg.
= Juncus longicapsularis Chevall.; Fl. Par. 2: 279 (1827)
= Juncus macrocephalus Viv.; Fl. Cors. Sp. Nov. 5 (1824)
= Juncus multicapitatus Schult. & Schult.f.; Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis]. 7: 198 (1829)
= Juncus nigritellus D.Don; J. E. Sm., Engl. Bot., Suppl.: t. 2643 (1830), nom. superfl.
= Juncus nigritellus var. repens Döll; 178 (1843)
= Juncus olympicus Schott, Nyman & Kotschy; Analect. Bot. 3 (1854)
= Juncus polycephalus D.Don ex Hook.; Fl. Scot.: 109 (1821), nom. illeg.
= Juncus stolonifer Wohll.; Suppl. Leyss. Fl. Halens.: 13 (1796)
= Juncus subarticulatus Zakirov & Novopokr.; Bot. Mater. Gerb. Bot. Inst. Komarova Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R. 12: 66 (1950)
= Juncus supinus var. nigritellus (Macreight) F.W.Schultz; Flora 23(2): 640 (1840)
= Juncus tatewakii Satake; J. Jap. Bot. 14: 257 (1938)
= Juncus tricephalus J.Gay ex Laharpe; Mem. Soc. Hist. Nat. Par. 3: 132 (1827)
= Juncus uliginosus var. stolonifer (Wohll.) Homann; 243 (1828)
= Juncus vallis-demonis Lojac.; Fl. Sicul. 3: 158 (1909)
= Phylloschoenus lampocarpus (Ehrh. ex Hoffm.) Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, N. S. 17: 172 (1869), nom. inval.
= Tristemon falcatus Raf.; Autik. Bot.: 192 (1840)
= Verojuncus articulatus (L.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 30 (2023)
variant :
var. hylanderi Hämet-Ahti; Acta Bot. Fenn. 72: 4 (1966)
Distribution: Finland; N-European Russia
10 FIN 14 RUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus hylanderi (Hämet-Ahti) Tzvelev & Glazkova; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 38: 262 (2006)
subspecies :
subsp. limosus (Vorosch.) Vorosch.; A. K. Skvortsov (ed.), Florist. issl. v razn. raionakh SSSR: 157 (1985)
Distribution: Siberia (Buryatia, Chita, Yakutia); Russian Far East (Amur, Kamchatka, Khabarovsk, Kuril Isl., Primorye, Sakhalin); China (Nei Mongol, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning); Mongolia
30 SIB 31 RFE 36 CHI 37 MON
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus alpinus subsp. turczaninowii (Buchenau) Vorosch.; A. K. Skvortsov (ed.), Florist. issl. v razn. raionakh SSSR: 157 (1985) comb. invalid.
= Juncus jeholensis Satake; Rept. First Sci. Exped. Manchoukuo 4(4): 106 (1936)
= Juncus lampocarpus var. turczaninowii Buchenau; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 12: 378 (1890)
= Juncus limosus Vorosch.; Byull. Glavn. Bot. Sada, Moskva, No. 68, 47 (1968)
= Juncus turczaninowii (Buchenau) Freyn; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 53: 23 (1903)
= Juncus turczaninowii (Buchenau) V.I.Krecz.; Kom., Fl. URSS 3: 539, 629 (1935), isonym
= Juncus turczaninowii var. jeholensis (Satake) K.F.Wu & Ma; Fl. Intramongolica 8: 157 (1985)
= Verojuncus articulatus subsp. limosus (Vorosch.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 30 (2023)
species :
Juncus astreptus L.A.S.Johnson; Aspects Tasmanian Bot.- Tribute Winifred Curtis (ed. M. R. Banks et al.): 41 (1991)
Distribution: Australia (Tasmania)
50 AUS
Remarks: subgen. 2 Agathryon, sect. 3 Juncotypus
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon astreptum (L.A.S.Johnson) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 37 (2023)
species :
Juncus atratus Krock.; Fl. Siles. 1: 562 (1787)
Name: Schwarzblütige Binse (DE)
Distribution: Germany (Brandenburg, +Bayern, Niedersachsen, +Rheinland-Pfalz, +Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt); Austria; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Slovenia; Greece; Latvia; Belarus; Siberia (Altai, Krasnoyarsk, W-Siberia); Kazakhstan; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, NE-Anatolia); China (Xinjiang)
11 AUT CZE GER HUN SLO 13 GRC SLV 14 BLR LAT 30 SIB 32 KAZ 33 ARM GEO 34 TUR 36 CHI
Remarks: subgen. Verojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus acutiflorus var. atratus (Krock.) Wimm. & Grab.; Fl. Siles. 1: 336 (1827)
= Juncus atratus f. divaricatus (Heuff.) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 16: 366 (1971)
= Juncus atratus f. fuscescens Racib.; Spraw. Komis. Fizyjogr. 22(2): [p. separ.] 18 (1888)
= Juncus atratus f. hungaricus Borbás; E. J. Nyárády, Kv. Fl.: 108 (1944)
= Juncus atratus var. fuscescens Racib. ex Zapal.; 99 (1906)
= Juncus atratus var. pauciflorus Zapal.; Consp. Fl. Gallic. Crit. 1: 135 (1906)
= Juncus melananthos Rchb.; Fl. Germ. Excurs.: 96 (1830), nom. superfl.
= Juncus nigricans J.P.Wolff ex Schreb.; Schweigg., 149 (1811)
= Juncus septangulus Peterm.; Flora 27: 361 (1844), nom. superfl.
= Juncus sylvaticus f. divaricatus Heuff.; Verh. K. K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 8: 216 (1858)
= Verojuncus atratus (Krock.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 30 (2023)
species :
Juncus australis Hook.f.; Fl. Tasman. 2: 66. t. 134 (1858)
Distribution: England [I]; Australia (South Australia, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania); New Zealand; Kermadec Isl.
10 grb 50 AUS 51 KER NZL
Remarks: subgen. 2 Agathryon, sect. 3 Juncotypus
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon australe (Hook.f.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 37 (2023)
species :
Juncus austrobrasiliensis Balslev; Phytotaxa 376(2): 100 (2018)
Distribution: Brazil (São Paulo, Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina)
84 BRA
Remarks: subgen. Verojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Verojuncus austrobrasiliensis (Balslev) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 30 (2023)
species :
Juncus baekdusanensis M.Kim; Korean J. Pl. Taxon. 44(4): 239 (2014)
Distribution: North Korea (Mt. Baekdu-san)
38 NKO
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon baekdusanense (M.Kim) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 34 (2023)
species :
Juncus balticus Willd.; Ges. Naturf. Freunde Berlin Mag. 3: 298 (1809)
subspecies :
subsp. balticus
Name: Baltische Binse (DE), Baltic rush (EN)
Distribution: Iceland; Faeroe Isl.; England; Denmark; Norway; Sweden; Finland; Netherlands; Germany (Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Schleswig-Holstein); Poland; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; N-European Russia; W-European Russia
10 DEN FIN FOR GRB ICE NOR SWE 11 GER NET POL 14 EST LAT LIT RUS
Remarks: subgen. 2 Agathryon, sect. 3 Juncotypus
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon balticus (Willd.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 35 (2023)
= Juncus arcticus subsp. balticus (Willd.) Hyl.; Bot. Not. 106: 354 (1953)
= Juncus arcticus var. balticus (Willd.) Trautv.; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 5: 119 (1877)
= Juncus balticus Rasse europaeus (Engelm.) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 438 (1904), nom. inval.
= Juncus balticus f. contractus Neuman; Sver. Fl.: 655 (1901)
= Juncus balticus f. laxior Neuman; Sveriges Fl. 655 (1901)
= Juncus balticus var. europaeus Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 2: 441 (1866), nom. inval.
= Juncus balticus var. lesueurii Gelert; C. E. H. Ostenfeld, Fl. Arct.: 23 (1902)
= Juncus balticus var. pseudoinundatus Asch. & Graebn.; Fl. Nordostdeut. Flachl.: 173 (1898)
= Juncus balticus var. tenuis H.Lindb.; Meddeland. Soc. Fauna Fl. Fenn. 22: 6 (1896)
= Juncus glaucus var. littoralis Wahlenb.; Fl. Suecica 1: 209 (1824)
= Juncus helodes Link; Enum. Hort. Berol. Alt. 1: 305 (1821), nom. superfl.
subspecies :
subsp. andicola (Hook.) Snogerup; Preslia 74: 258 (2002)
Name: Hunquillo [Chile]
Distribution: Mexico (Valle de Mexico, Morelos, Puebla); Guatemala; Colombia (Nariño); Ecuador; Peru; Bolivia (La Paz, Oruro, Potosí); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Catamarca, Jujuy, La Rioja, Mendoza, Neuquen, Rio Negro, Salta, Santa Fe, San Juan, San Luis); Chile (Antofagasta, Atacama, Coquimbo, Metropolitana de Santiago, Maule, Los Rios, Los Lagos)
79 MEX 80 GUA 82 CLM 83 BOL ECU PER 85 ARG CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon balticum subsp. andicola (Hook.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 35 (2023)
= Juncus andicola Hook.; Hooker´s Icon. Pl. 8: t. 714 (1848)
= Juncus andicola var. schulz-korthii J.F.Macbr.; Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Bot. Ser. 11(1): 44 (1931)
= Juncus antonianus Steud.; Berberid. Amer. Austral.: 56 (1857), nom. inval.
= Juncus arcticus var. andicola (Hook.) Balslev; Brittonia 35(3): 308 (1983)
= Juncus balticus var. pictus (F.Phil.) Griseb.; Symb. Fl. Argent.: 316 (1879)
= Juncus conceptionis Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 296 (1855)
= Juncus deserticola F.Phil.; Reise Atacama: 52 (1860)
= Juncus pictus F.Phil.; Linnaea 33: 268 (1864), nom. illeg.
= Scirpus peruvianus H.Pfeiff.; Mitt. Inst. Allg. Bot. Hamburg 8: 40 (1929)
subspecies :
subsp. ater (Rydb.) Snogerup; Preslia 74: 258 (2002)
Distribution: Alaska; Canada (N.W.T., Yukon, Alberta, British Columbia, Saskatchewan); USA (Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming, Kansas, North Dakota, Nebraska, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah, New Mexico, Texas); N-Mexico; C-Mexico; Guatemala
70 ASK CDN 71 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX 80 GUA
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon balticum subsp. atrum (Rydb.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 35 (2023)
= Juncus arcticus subsp. ater (Rydb.) Hultén; Kongl. Svenska Vetenskapsakad. Handl., IV 8(5): 24 (1962)
= Juncus arcticus var. montanus (Engelm.) S.L.Welsh; Andersons´s Fl. Alaska: 611 (1974)
= Juncus ater Rydb.; Fl. Rocky Mts 151 (1917)
= Juncus balticus var. condensatus Suksd.; Werdenda 12: 6 (1923)
= Juncus balticus var. eremicus Jeps.; Man. Fl. Pl. Calif.: 198 (1923)
= Juncus balticus var. montanus Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 2: 442 (1866)
= Juncus balticus var. vallicola Rydb.; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 31: 399 (1904)
= Juncus vallicola (Rydb.) Rydb.; Fl. Rocky Mts.: 152 (1917)
subspecies :
subsp. littoralis (Engelm.) Snogerup; Preslia 74: 256 (2002)
Name: Mountain rush
Distribution: Canada (Manitoba, Labrador, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Québec); USA (Illinois, Missouri, South Dakota, Wisconsin, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania)
71 CDN 72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon balticum subsp. littorale (Engelm.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 36 (2023)
= Juncus arcticus subsp. littoralis (Engelm.) Hultén; Kongl. Svenska Vetenskapsakad. Handl., IV 8(5): 24 (1962)
= Juncus arcticus var. littoralis (Engelm.) B.Boivin; Phytologia 42: 405 (1979)
= Juncus balticus Rasse littoralis (Engelm.) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 438 (1904)
= Juncus balticus f. dissitiflorus Engelm. ex Fernald & Wiegand; Rhodora 25: 208 (1923)
= Juncus balticus f. flavidior Lepage; Naturaliste Canad. 81(12): 257 (1954)
= Juncus balticus f. opulentus Lepage; Naturaliste Canad. 81(12): 256 (1954)
= Juncus balticus var. laxus Hook.; Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 189 (1840)
= Juncus balticus var. littoralis Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 2: 442 (1866)
= Juncus balticus var. melanogenus Fernald & Wiegand; Rhodora 14: 35 (1912)
= Juncus balticus var. stenocarpus Fernald & Buchenau; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV 36: 144 (1906)
= Juncus litorum Rydb.; Brittonia 1: 85 (1931)
= Juncus littoralis (Engelm.) Smyth & L.C.R.Smyth; Trans. Kansas Acad. Sci. 25: 106 (1912), nom. illeg.
= Juncus setaceus Rostk.; Junc. 13. t. 1, f. 2 (1801), nom. rej.
subspecies :
subsp. mexicanus (Willd. ex Schult. & Schult.f.) Snogerup; Preslia 74: 257 (2002)
Name: Mexican rush (EN)
Distribution: USA (Arizona, California, Colorado, New Mexico, Nevada, Oregon, Texas); Mexico (Baja California Norte, Baja California Sur, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nuevo León, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Quintana Roo, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Zacatecas); Guatemala; Costa Rica; Peru; Argentina (Buenos Aires, Catamarca, Chubut, Corrientes, Jujuy, La Rioja, Mendoza, Misiones, Neuquen, Rio Negro, Salta, Santa Cruz, Santa Fe, San Juan, Tierra del Fuego, Tucuman); Chile (Antofagasta, Atacama, Coquimbo, Valparaíso, Metropolitana de Santiago, O´Higgins, Maule, Araucanía, Los Rios, Los Lagos, Aisén, Magallanes)
73 USA 76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX 80 COS GUA 83 PER 85 ARG CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon balticum subsp. mexicanum (Willd. ex Schult. & Schult.f.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 36 (2023)
= Juncus arcticus var. mexicanus (Willd. ex Schult. & Schult.f.) Balslev; Brittonia 35(3): 308 (1983)
= Juncus balticus f. mexicanus (Willd. ex Schult. & Schult.f.) Parish; Muhlenbergia 6: 119 (1910)
= Juncus balticus var. columnaris Buchenau; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV 36: 145 (1906)
= Juncus balticus var. crassiculmis Buchenau ex Griseb.; Pl. Lorentz.: 219 (1874)
= Juncus balticus var. durangensis Buchenau; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV 36: 146 (1906)
= Juncus balticus var. mexicanus (Willd. ex Schult. & Schult.f.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(2): 320 (1898)
= Juncus complanatus Schult. & Schult.f.; Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis]. 7: 185 (1829)
= Juncus compressus Kunth; Nov. Gen. Sp. [H. B. K.] 1: 235 (1816) [non Jacq.]
= Juncus crassiculmis (Buchenau) Herter; Revista Sudamer. Bot. 6: 149 (1940)
= Juncus mexicanus Willd. ex Schult. & Schult.f.; Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis]. 7: 178 (1829)
= Juncus orizabae Liebm.; Vidensk. Meddel. Naturhist. Foren. Kjøbenhavn (1850) 39
subspecies :
subsp. pyrenaeus (Timb.-Lagr. & Jeanb.) P.Fourn.; Quatre Fl. France: 146 (1946)
Distribution: N-Spain (Pyrenees, Cordillera Cantabrica); Andorra; SW-France (E-Pyrenees, near Mont-Louis)
12 ADO FRA SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon balticum subsp. cantabricum (T.E.Díaz, Fern.-Carv. & Fern.Prieto) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 35 (2023)
= Agathryon balticum subsp. pyrenaeum (Timb.-Lagr. & Jeanb.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 36 (2023)
= Juncus arcticus subsp. pyrenaeus (Timb.-Lagr. & Jeanb) Douin; Bonnier, Fl. Ill. France 11: 59 (1931)
= Juncus arcticus subsp. pyrenaeus (Timb.-Lagr. & Jeanb.) Rivas Goday & Borja; Anales. Inst. Bot. Cavanilles 19: 512 (1961), isonym
= Juncus balticus subsp. cantabricus (T.E.Díaz, Fern.-Carv. & Fern.Prieto) Snogerup; Preslia 74: 256 (2002)
= Juncus cantabricus T.E.Díaz, Fern.-Carv. & Fern.Prieto; Trab. Dept. Bot. Univ. Oviedo 2: 13 (1977)
= Juncus pyrenaeus Timb.-Lagr. & Jeanb.; Bull. Soc. Sci. Phys. Nat. Toulouse 6: 232 (1884)
species :
Juncus bassianus L.A.S.Johnson; Aspects Tasmanian Bot.- Tribute Winifred Curtis (ed. M. R. Banks et al.): 40 (1991)
Distribution: Australia (Tasmania, Victoria)
50 AUS
Remarks: subgen. 2 Agathryon, sect. 3 Juncotypus
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon bassianum (L.A.S.Johnson) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 37 (2023)
species :
Juncus batrachium Veldkamp; Blumea 59(2): 142 (2014)
Distribution: Borneo (Sabah)
42 BOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon batrachium (Veldkamp) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 33 (2023)
species :
Juncus benghalensis Kunth; Enum Pl. 3: 360 (1841)
Distribution: China (Yunnan, Gansu); Tibet; Pakistan (Swat); Nepal; Bhutan; N-India (Arunachal Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Sikkim, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal); Bangladesh
36 CHI TIB 40 BAN BHU IND NEP PAK
Remarks: subgen. Alpinojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Alpinojuncus benghalensis (Kunth) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 26 (2023)
= Alpinojuncus benghalensis var. kyongnoslae (Chhetri, Hynn. & A.A.Ansari) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 26 (2023)
= Juncus benghalensis var. kyongnoslae Chhetri, Hynn. & A.A.Ansari; Indian J. Forest. 30(4): 539 (2007)
= Juncus bracteatus Buchenau; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 6: 220 (1885)
= Juncus sphenostemon Buchenau; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 6: 223-224, t. 3 (1885)
species :
Juncus beringensis Buchenau; Bot. Jahrb. 12: 226 (1890)
Distribution: Russian Far East (Kamchatka, Kuril Isl., Magadan, Sakhalin); Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu)
31 RFE 38 JAP
Remarks: subgen. 2 Agathryon, sect. 3 Juncotypus
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon beringense (Buchenau) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 36 (2023)
species :
Juncus biflorus Elliott; Sketch 1: 407 (1817)
Name: Bog rush (EN)
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, District of Columbia, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Michigan, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, West Virginia)
74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Remarks: status uncertain, often included in J. marginatus s. lat.
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus aristulatus var. biflorus (Elliott) Small
= Juncus biflorus f. adinus Fernald & Griscom; Rhodora 37: 157 (1935)
= Juncus marginatus var. biflorus (Elliott) Chapm.; Fl. South. U. S.: 495 (1860)
= Tristemon biflorus (Elliott) Raf.; Autik. Bot.: 192 (1840)
species :
Juncus biglumis L.; Sp. Pl. 328 (1753)
Name: Twoflowered rush (EN), Zweiblütige Binse (DE)
Distribution: Iceland; Svalbard; Faeroe Isl.; England; Norway; Sweden; Finland; C-Austria; N-European Russia; Siberia (Altai, Buryatia, Chita, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva, W-Siberia, Yakutia); Russian Far East (Kamchatka, Khabarovsk, Kuril Isl., Magadan); Mongolia; Alaska; Greenland; Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Labrador, Manitoba, Northern Territories, Nunavut, Ontario, Québec, Yukon); USA (Colorado, Montana, Wyoming)
10 FIN FOR GRB ICE NOR SVA SWE 11 AUT 14 RUS 30 SIB 31 RFE 37 MON 70 ASK CDN GNL 71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA
Remarks: subgen. Alpinojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Alpinojuncus biglumis (L.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 26 (2023)
= Juncus biglumis var. ajonskensis Novikov; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 19: 57 (1982)
species :
Juncus biglumoides H.Hara; J. Jap. Bot. 49: 201-202 (1974)
Distribution: China (Yunnan); Nepal; NW-India (Uttarakhand)
36 CHI 40 IND NEP
Remarks: subgen. Alpinojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus kangpuensis K.F.Wu; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 32(5): 443-445, f. 1, 1-5 (1994)
= Alpinojuncus biglumoides (H.Hara) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 26 (2023)
species :
Juncus bolanderi Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 2: 470 (1868)
Name: Bolander´s rush (EN)
Distribution: Canada (British Columbia); USA (California, Idaho, Oregon, Washington State)
71 CDN 73 USA 76 USA
Remarks: subgen. Verojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Verojuncus bolanderi (Engelm.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 30 (2023)
species :
Juncus brachycarpus Engelm.; A. Gray, Manual, ed. 5, 542 (1867)
Name: Whiteroot rush (EN)
Distribution: New Zealand [I]; Canada (Ontario); USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, West Virginia)
51 nzl 72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Remarks: subgen. Verojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Verojuncus brachycarpus (Engelm.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 30 (2023)
species :
Juncus brachycephalus (Engelm.) Buchenau; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 12: 268 (1890)
Name: Smallhead rush (EN)
Distribution: Canada (New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Québec); USA (Alabama, Colorado, Connecticut, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, North Carolina, North Dakota, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Virginia, Vermont, Wisconsin, West Virginia)
72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 78 USA
Remarks: subgen. Verojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus canadensis var. brachycephalus Engelm.; A. Gray, Manual, ed. 5: 544 (1867)
= Juncus brachycephalus f. hexandrus R.F.Martin; Rhodora 40: 460 (1938)
= Verojuncus brachycephalus (Engelm.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 30 (2023)
species :
Juncus brachyphyllus Wiegand; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club, 519 (1900)
Name: Tuftedstem rush (EN)
Distribution: USA (Arkansas, California, Idaho, Kansas, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Oregon, Tennessee, Texas, Washington State)
73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Remarks: subgen. 2 Agathryon, sect. 2 Steirochloa
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon brachyphyllum (Wiegand) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 34 (2023)
= Juncus kansanus F.J.Herm.; Papers Mich. Acad. Sci. 20: 41 (1934 publ. 1935)
species :
Juncus brachyspathus Maxim.; Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.-Pétersbourg Divers Savans 293 (1859)
Distribution: N-European Russia; Siberia (Buryatia, Chita, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, W-Siberia, Yakutia); Russian Far East (Amur, Kamchatka, Khabarovsk, Magadan, Primorye, Sakhalin); ?NE-China; North Korea
14 RUS 30 SIB 31 RFE 38 NKO
Remarks: subgen. 2 Agathryon, sect. 3 Juncotypus
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon brachyspathum (Maxim.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 36 (2023)
= Juncus brachyspathus var. magadanicus Novikov; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 19: 55 (1982)
= Juncus filiformis f. brachyspathus (Maxim.) Regel; Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint Pétersbourg, Sér. 7, 4(4): 157 (1861)
species :
Juncus brachystigma Sam.; Hand.-Mazz., Symb. Sin. 7: 1236 (1936)
Distribution: China (Sichuan, Yunnan); Tibet; Nepal; Bhutan; NW-India (Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Chumbi); N-Myanmar
36 CHI TIB 40 BHU IND NEP 41 MYA
Remarks: subgen. Alpinojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Alpinojuncus brachystigma (Sam.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 26 (2023)
species :
Juncus brasiliensis Breistr.; Bull. Soc. Sci. Dauph., Ser. 6, 1: (Notes Nomencl. Bot. II.) 609 (1947)
Distribution: SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais, Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul)
84 BRA
Remarks: subgen. Verojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus ustulatus Buchenau; Junc. S. Amer.: 401 (1879), nom. illeg.
= Verojuncus brasiliensis (Breistr.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 30 (2023)
species :
Juncus brevibracteus L.A.S.Johnson; Telopea 5(2): 309 (1993)
Distribution: Australia (New South Wales, Australian Capital Territory, Victoria)
50 AUS
Remarks: subgen. 2 Agathryon, sect. 3 Juncotypus
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon brevibracteum (L.A.S.Johnson) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 37 (2023)
species :
Juncus breviculmis Balslev; Brittonia 35(3): 303 (1983)
Distribution: Colombia (Boyacá, Cundinamarca, Magdalena, Santander); Venezuela (Merida)
82 CLM VEN
Remarks: subgen. Verojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Verojuncus breviculmis (Balslev) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 30 (2023)
species :
Juncus breweri Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 2: 440 (1866)
Name: Brewer´s rush (EN)
Distribution: Canada (British Columbia); USA (California, Oregon, Washington State)
71 CDN 73 USA 76 USA
Remarks: subgen. 2 Agathryon, sect. 3 Juncotypus
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon breweri (Engelm.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 36 (2023)
= Juncus lesueurii var. tracyi Jeps.; Fl. Calif. 4: 249 (1922)
species :
Juncus bryoides F.J.Herm.; Leafl. West. Bot. 5: 117 (1948)
Name: Moss rush
Distribution: USA (California, Colorado, Idaho, Nevada, Oregon, Utah); Mexico (Baja California Norte)
73 USA 76 USA 79 MEX
Remarks: subgen. 1 Juncus, sect. 3 Caespitosi
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncinella bryoides (F.J.Herm.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 25 (2023)
species :
Juncus bryophilus W.W.Sm.; Edinburgh J. Bot. 51: 137 (1994)
Distribution: Nepal; Bhutan; N-India (Sikkim)
40 BHU IND NEP
Remarks: subgen. Alpinojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Alpinojuncus bryophilus (Noltie) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 26 (2023)
species :
Juncus bufonius L.; Sp. PI.: 328 (1753)
Name: Kröten-Binse (DE); Toad Rush (EN); Junco de ranas (ES)
Distribution: Iceland; Faeroe Isl.; England; Ireland; Denmark; Norway; Sweden; Finland; Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; Andorra; Gibraltar; Baleares; France; Channel Isl.; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Pantelleria; Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); Malta; +San Marino; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece; Crete; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; N-European Russia; W-European Russia; Ukraine; Crimea; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt (Desert Oases, Great Southwestern Desert, Nile Delta, Nile Valley, NW-coastal Egypt); Azores (Santa Maria Isl., Sao Miguel Isl., Terceira, Graciosa, Sao Jorge, Pico, Faial, Flores Isl., Corvo Isl.); Madeira (Madeira Isl., Porto Santo Isl.); Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro, La Palma Isl.); Rwanda; N-Chad (Tibesti); Sudan; Ethiopia; Eritrea; Soqotra; Uganda; Kenya; Namibia [I]; South Africa (Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, N-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); St. Helena [I]; Mauritius; La Réunion; Siberia (Altai, Buryatia, Chita, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva, W-Siberia, Yakutia); Russian Far East (Amur, Kamchatka, Khabarovsk, Kuril Isl., Magadan, Primorye, Sakhalin); Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia); Iran (EC-Iran, N-Iran, NW-Iran: Iranian Azerbaijan, S-Iran, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Ghazni, Kabul, Kandahar, Kunar / Nuristan, Wardak, Paktia / Khost); Cyprus (C-Mountains); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, C-Syrian Desert, Jazira, Jbel Druze, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel); Sinai peninsula (N-Sinai, S-Sinai); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Saudi Arabia (Asir); China (Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guizhou, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Yunnan, Zhejiang); Tibet; Mongolia; North Korea; South Korea; Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu); Taiwan; Pakistan; Nepal; Bhutan; N-India (Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal); Sri Lanka; Bangladesh; Myanmar; Thailand; Vietnam; Philippines (Luzon); Lord Howe Isl. [I]; Norfolk Isl. [I]; New Zealand [I]; Chatham Isl. [I]; Auckland Isl. [I]; Hawaii [I] (Kauai [I], Oahu [I], Molokai [I], Maui [I], Hawaii Isl. [I]); Alaska; Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Labrador, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Northern Territories, Ontario, Prince Edward Isl., Québec, Saskatchewan, Yukon); St. Pierre et Miquelon; USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Iowa, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, Montana, North Carolina, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, Nevada, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Vermont, Washington State, Wisconsin, West Virginia, Wyoming); Mexico (Baja California Norte, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Ciudad de Mexico, Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Mexico State, Michoacan, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Sonora, Tlaxcala, Veracruz); Isla Guadalupe; Guatemala; Costa Rica; Jamaica; Guadeloupe; Colombia (Antioquia, Boyacá, Caldas, Cundinamarca, Norte de Santander, Quindío, Risaralda, Santander, Tolima); Venezuela (Aragua, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Merida, Monagas, Tachira, Trujillo); Ecuador; Peru; Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz, Santa Cruz, Tarija); S-Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul); Uruguay (Canelones, Cerro Largo, Colonia, Florida Prov., Montevideo, Rio Negro, San Jose, Tacuarembo, Treinta y Tres); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Chubut, Cordoba, Entre Rios, Jujuy, La Pampa, Mendoza, Neuquen, Rio Negro, Salta, Santa Cruz, Santa Fe, Tierra del Fuego); Chile (Antofagasta, Atacama, Coquimbo, Valparaíso, Metropolitana de Santiago, O´Higgins, Maule, Ñuble, Biobío, Araucanía, Los Rios, Los Lagos, Aisén, Magallanes); Juan Fdz. Isl. [I]; Tristan da Cunha [I]
10 DEN FIN FOR GRB ICE IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 ADO BAL CIS COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MLT MNT NMA PEL PTL ROM SIC SLV SMA SRB TUE 14 BLR EST KRY LAT LIT RUS UKR 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 21 AZO CNY MDR 23 RWA 24 CHA ERI ETH SOC SUD 25 KEN UGA 27 nam SAF 28 sth 29 MAU REU 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SIN SYR TUR 35 SAU 36 CHI TIB 37 MON 38 JAP KOR NKO TAI 40 BAN BHU IND NEP PAK SRL 41 MYA THA VIE 42 PHI 50 lhi nfk 51 auc ctm nzl 63 haw 70 ASK CDN 71 CDN 72 CDN SPM 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 GLP MEX 80 COS GUA 81 GDL JAM 82 CLM VEN 83 BOL ECU PER 84 BRA 85 ARG CLE jnf URU 91 tdc
Remarks: subgen. 2 Agathryon, sect. 1 Tenageia
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon bufonium (L.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 33 (2023)
= Cyperus bufonius (L.) Maack ex Trautv.; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 9: 289 (1884)
= Juncus aletaiensis K.F.Wu; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 32(5): 450, f. 3, 5-8 (1994)
= Juncus bilineatus Gand.; Contr. Fl. Terr. Slav. Merid. 1: 29 (1883)
= Juncus bufonius proles minutulus A.Albert & Jahand.; Cat. Pl. Vasc. Var: 501 (1908)
= Juncus bufonius unranked frondescens Döll; Fl. Baden 1: 336 (1857)
= Juncus bufonius unranked giganteus Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 422 (1904)
= Juncus bufonius unranked leucanthus Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 422 (1904)
= Juncus bufonius unranked parviflorus Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 421 (1904)
= Juncus bufonius unranked scoparius Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 421 (1904)
= Juncus bufonius f. alpinus (Schur) I.Grint.; E. J. Nyárády, Fl. Reipubl. Popul. Roman. 11: 535 (1966)
= Juncus bufonius f. bracteatus Pamp.; Arch. Bot. (Forlì) 12: 21 (1936)
= Juncus bufonius f. congestus (Wahlenb.) Lindm.; Sv. Fanerogamfl.: 157 (1918)
= Juncus bufonius f. divaricatus [Gilib. ex] Racib.; Sprawozd. Kom. Fizyjogr. Akad. Umiej. 22(2): [p. separ.] 4 (1888)
= Juncus bufonius f. fasciculatus (W.D.J.Koch) Abrom.; 1087 (1940)
= Juncus bufonius f. filiformis Klinge; Sitzungsber. Nat. Ges. Univ. Dorpat 6: 182 (1882)
= Juncus bufonius f. frondescens Miszczenko; Fl. Caucas. Crit. 4(2): 37 (1906)
= Juncus bufonius f. giganteus (Asch. & Graebn.) Nyár.; Kv. Fl. 109 (1944)
= Juncus bufonius f. pygmaeus Stefánsson; 25 (1901)
= Juncus bufonius f. scoparius (Asch. & Graebn.) Nyár.; Kv. Fl.: 109 (1944)
= Juncus bufonius subsp. helaertii Sennen & Leroy; Exsicc. (Pl. Esp.) 1926: no. 6034 (1927), nom. nud.
= Juncus bufonius subsp. juzepczukii (V.I.Krecz. & Gontsch.) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 16: 366 (1971)
= Juncus bufonius var. alpinus Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 688 (1866), nom. inval.
= Juncus bufonius var. capillaris Rchb.; Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 9: 22 (1847)
= Juncus bufonius var. compactus Celak.; Prodr. Fl. Böhmen 1: 83 (1867)
= Juncus bufonius var. congestus Wahlb.; C. P. Thunberg, Fl. Gothob.: 38 (1820)
= Juncus bufonius var. dolichophyllus Zapal.; Consp. Fl. Gallic. Crit. 1: 129 (1906)
= Juncus bufonius var. fasciculatus W.D.J.Koch; 732 (1837)
= Juncus bufonius var. filiformis Lojac.; Fl. Sicul. 3: 161 (1909)
= Juncus bufonius var. frondescens Döll; 336 (1856)
= Juncus bufonius var. giganteus Asch. & Graebn.; 422 (1904)
= Juncus bufonius var. gracilis St.-Amans; Fl. Agen.: 149 (1821)
= Juncus bufonius var. gramineus Lojac.; Fl. Sicul. 3: 161 (1909)
= Juncus bufonius var. grandiflorus Schult. & Schult.f.; Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis]. 7: 227 (1829)
= Juncus bufonius var. humilis Dierb.; 15 (1826)
= Juncus bufonius var. juzepczukii (V.I.Krecz. & Gontsch.) Vorosch.; A. K. Skvortsov (ed.), Florist. Issl. Razn. Raionakh SSSR: 157 (1985)
= Juncus bufonius var. laxus Celak.; Prodr. Fl. Böhmen 1: 83 (1867)
= Juncus bufonius var. minimus Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 164 (1821 publ. 1822)
= Juncus bufonius var. procerior Roth; Tent. Fl. Germ. 1: 156 (1788), nom. inval.
= Juncus bufonius var. pumilio Griseb.; Symb. Fl. Argent.: 316 (1879)
= Juncus bufonius var. repens Mérat; Nouv. Fl. Env. Paris: 136 (1812)
= Juncus bufonius var. scoparius Asch. & Graebn.; 422 (1904)
= Juncus bufonius var. subauriculatus Buchenau; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV 36: 106 (1906)
= Juncus bufonius var. suffocatus Lojac.; Fl. Sicul. 3: 161 (1909)
= Juncus bufonius var. susianus Nábelek; Spisy Prír. Fak. Masarykovy Univ. 105: 43 (1929)
= Juncus bufonius var. tuberifer Krylov; Fl. Alt. 6: 1405 (1912)
= Juncus bufonius var. viviparus Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 164 (1821 publ. 1822)
= Juncus bufonius var. viviparus Roth; 156 (1788), nom. inval.
= Juncus bufonum Bubani; Fl. Pyren. 4: 187 (1901), nom. superfl.
= Juncus bulbosus var. pumilus Hartm.; Handb. Skand. Fl.: 143 (1820)
= Juncus cespifolius Raf.; Autik. Bot.: 196 (1840)
= Juncus creticus Raf.; Autik. Bot.: 196 (1840)
= Juncus divaricatus Gilib.; Exerc. Phyt. 2: 506 (1792), opus utique oppr.
= Juncus erythropodus V.I.Krecz.; Byull. Sredne-Aziatsk. Gosud. Univ. 21: 176 (1935)
= Juncus fasciatus Lojac.; Fl. Sicul. 3: 164 (1909)
= Juncus istriacus Gand.; Contr. Fl. Terr. Slav. Merid. 1: 28 (1883)
= Juncus juzepczukii V.I.Krecz. & Gontsch.; Kom., Fl. URSS 3: 625 (1935)
= Juncus leptocladus Hayata; Icon. Pl. Formosan. 6: 100 (1916)
= Juncus plebejus R.Br.; Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland. 359 (1810)
= Juncus prolifer Kunth; Nov. Gen. Sp. [H. B. K.] 1: 236 (1816)
= Juncus pumilus Raf.; Autik. Bot.: 196 (1840)
= Tenageia bufonia (L.) Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, N. S. 17: 172 (1869)
species :
Juncus bulbosus L.; Sp. Pl. 327 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. bulbosus
Name: Zwiebel-Binse (DE), Bulbous Rush (EN)
Distribution: Iceland; Faeroe Isl.; England; Ireland; Denmark; Norway; Sweden; Finland; Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; Andorra; France; Channel Isl.; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; ?Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; ?North Macedonia; ?Romania; European Turkey; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; C-European Russia; N-European Russia; W-European Russia; Ukraine; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Azores (Sao Miguel Isl., Terceira, Flores Isl., Corvo Isl.); Madeira (Madeira Isl.); Mauritius [I]; Kazakhstan; Australia [I] (South Australia [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); New Zealand [I]; Canada [I] (British Columbia [I], Newfoundland [I], Nova Scotia [I]); St. Pierre et Miquelon [I]; USA [I] (Massachusetts [I], Oregon [I], Washington State [I]); Chile [I] (Los Lagos [I])
10 DEN FIN FOR GRB ICE IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 ADO CIS COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 BIH CRO ITA KOS SLV SRB TUE 14 BLR EST LAT LIT RUS UKR 20 ALG MOR TUN 21 AZO MDR 29 mau 32 KAZ 50 aus 51 nzl 71 cdn 72 cdn spm 73 usa 75 usa 85 cle
Remarks: subgen. Verojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus annuus Krock.; Fl. Siles. 1: 566 (1787)
= Juncus articulatus subsp. supinus (Moench) Hook.f.; 391 (1870)
= Juncus articulatus var. subverticillatus (Wulfen) Hook.f.; 391 (1870)
= Juncus articulatus var. uliginosus (Roth) Hook.f.; 391 (1870)
= Juncus bulbosus f. confervaceus St.-Lag. ex Vollm.; 134 (1914)
= Juncus bulbosus f. fluitans (Lam.) F.Navarro, J.Sánchez & C.J.Valle; Publ. Dept. Bot. Fac. Farmac. Salamanca 1: 40 (1979)
= Juncus bulbosus f. geniculatus (Asch. & Graebn.) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung., 16(3-4): 366 (1970 publ. 1971)
= Juncus bulbosus f. maroccanus (Font Quer) Maire; Fl. Afrique N. 4: 290 (1957)
= Juncus bulbosus f. nanus (Peterm.) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung., 16(3-4): 366 (1970 publ. 1971)
= Juncus bulbosus f. pygmaeus (T.Marsson) Fern.-Carv. & F.Navarro; Publ. Dept. Bot. Fac. Farmac. Salamanca 1: 33 (1979)
= Juncus bulbosus f. submersus (Glück) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung., 16(3-4): 366 (1970 publ. 1971)
= Juncus bulbosus f. submucronatus Procków; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 47(6): 412 (2010)
= Juncus bulbosus f. uliginosus (Roth) Fern.-Carv.; An. Jard. Bot. Madrid 39(2): 330 (1982 publ. 1983)
= Juncus bulbosus f. viviparus Á.Löve; 109 (1945)
= Juncus bulbosus var. fluitans (Lam.) Beck; Fl. Nieder-Österreich 1: 155 (1890)
= Juncus bulbosus var. maroccanus Font Quer; Cavanillesia 6: 57 (1934)
= Juncus bulbosus var. uliginosus (Roth) Beck; Fl. Nieder-Österreich 1: 155 (1890)
= Juncus confervaceus St.-Lag.; Ann. Soc. Bot. Lyon (1882) 749, nom. inval.
= Juncus fasciculatus Schrank; Baier. Fl. 1: 616 (1789), nom. superfl.
= Juncus fluitans Lam.; Encyc. 3: 271 (1789)
= Juncus husnotii (Rouy) Prain; Index Kew., Suppl. 5: 143 (1921)
= Juncus semiverticillatus Wender.; 148 (1823), nom. inval.
= Juncus setifolius Ehrh.; Beitr. 6: 83 (1791), nom. inval.
= Juncus subverticillatus var. erectus Mérat; Nouv. Fl. Env. Paris: 137 (1812)
= Juncus subverticillatus var. fluitans (Lam.) Wallr.; Sched. Crit.: 146 (1822)
= Juncus subverticillatus var. supinus (Moench) Lej.; Fl. Spa 1: 165 (1811), nom. superfl.
= Juncus subverticillatus var. supinus (Moench) Wallr.; Sched. Crit. 1: 146 (1822), nom. inval.
= Juncus subverticillatus var. uliginosus (Roth) Lej.; Fl. Spa 1: 165 (1811), nom. illeg.
= Juncus subverticillatus var. uliginosus Gaudin; Fl. Helv. 2: 555 (1828), nom. inval.
= Juncus subverticillatus Wulfen; Jacq., Collectanea 3: 51 (1791)
= Juncus supinus proles husnotii Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 13: 245 (1912)
= Juncus supinus unranked confervaceus (St.-Lag.) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 462 (1904)
= Juncus supinus unranked geniculatus Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 462 (1904)
= Juncus supinus f. confervaceus (St.-Lag.) Buchenau; Fl. Nordwestdeut. Tiefebene: 136 (1894)
= Juncus supinus f. confervaceus St.-Lag. ex Glück; 212 (1911)
= Juncus supinus f. fluitans (Lam.) Neuman; Sver. Fl.: 658 (1901)
= Juncus supinus f. nanus Peterm.; Anal. Pfl.-Schlüss.: 469 (1846)
= Juncus supinus f. repens (W.D.J.Koch) Glück; 206 (1911)
= Juncus supinus f. semimersus Glück; 322 (1923)
= Juncus supinus f. submersus Glück; Pascher, Süsswasserflora 15: 161 (1936), no Latin descr.
= Juncus supinus f. terrestris Glück; 205 (1911)
= Juncus supinus f. uliginosus (Roth) Suess.; 212 (1939)
= Juncus supinus Moench; Enum. Pl. Hass. 167 (1777)
= Juncus supinus subsp. bulbosus (L.) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 179 (1890), nom. inval.
= Juncus supinus subsp. fluitans (Lam.) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 179 (1890), isonym
= Juncus supinus subsp. fluitans (Lam.) Schübl. & G.Martens; 234 (1834)
= Juncus supinus subsp. uliginosus (Roth) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 179 (1890), isonym
= Juncus supinus subsp. uliginosus (Roth) Schübl. & G.Martens; 234 (1834)
= Juncus supinus var. aquatilis Gren. & Godr.; Fl. France Corse 3: 344 (1855), nom. superfl.
= Juncus supinus var. confervaceus (St.-Lag.) Rouy; G. Rouy & J. Foucaud, Fl. France 13: 244 (1912)
= Juncus supinus var. cylindricus Husn.; Joncées: 13 (1908)
= Juncus supinus var. erectus E.Lehm.; Arch. Naturk. Liv.-Ehst.-Kurlands, Ser. 2, Biol. Naturk. 11: 176 (1895)
= Juncus supinus var. erectus Neilr.; Fl. Nied.-Oesterr. 1: 148 (1859)
= Juncus supinus var. fluitans (Lam.) Fr.; Novit. Fl. Suec. Alt.: 91 (1828), isonym
= Juncus supinus var. fluitans (Lam.) Wahlenb.; 114 (1820)
= Juncus supinus var. fluitans Neilr.; Fl. Nied.-Oesterr. 1: 148 (1859), nom. illeg.
= Juncus supinus var. nanus Peterm.; Anal. Pfl.-Schlüss.: 469 (1846)
= Juncus supinus var. nodosus Lange; Vidensk. Meddel. Naturhist. Foren. Kjøbenhavn 1860: 66 (1860)
= Juncus supinus var. prolifer (Hartm.) Hartm.; Handb. Skand. Fl., ed. 2: 94 (1832)
= Juncus supinus var. pygmaeus T.Marsson; Fl. Neu-Vorpommern: 456 (1869)
= Juncus supinus var. repens Gren. & Godr.; Fl. France Corse 3: 344 (1855), nom. illeg.
= Juncus supinus var. repens Lange; Haandb. Danske Fl.: 213 (1851), nom. illeg.
= Juncus supinus var. repens Neilr.; Fl. Nied.-Oesterr. 1: 148 (1859), nom. illeg.
= Juncus supinus var. repens W.D.J.Koch; 730 (1837)
= Juncus supinus var. subverticillatus (Wulfen) Syme; 33 (1870)
= Juncus supinus var. terrestris Lange; Haandb. Danske Fl.: 213 (1851)
= Juncus supinus var. uliginosus (Roth) Fr.; Novit. Fl. Suec. Alt.: 91 (1828)
= Juncus supinus var. viviparus (Relhan) Willk. & Lange; Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 1: 185 (1861)
= Juncus supinus var. viviparus J.J.Schmitz & Regel; 80 (1841)
= Juncus uliginosus Spielart fluitans G.Mey.; Chloris Han. 567 (1836)
= Juncus uliginosus Spielart repens G.Mey.; Chloris Han. 567 (1836)
= Juncus uliginosus Roth; Roem. & Usteri, Mag. 1: 2tes St. (1788) 16
= Juncus uliginosus var. caespitosus Lej.; Rev. Fl. Spa: 71 (1825), nom. superfl.
= Juncus uliginosus var. ericetorum Wimm. & Grab.; Fl. Siles. 1: 337 (1827)
= Juncus uliginosus var. fluitans (Lam.) Boenn.; Prodr. Fl. Monast. Westphal.: 103 (1824)
= Juncus uliginosus var. fluitans (Lam.) Spenn.; Fl. Friburg. 1: 185 (1825), isonym
= Juncus uliginosus var. minor Hook.; Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 191 (1838)
= Juncus uliginosus var. prolifer Hartm.; Handb. Skand. Fl.: 130 (1820), nom. inval.
= Juncus uliginosus var. repens Wimm. & Grab.; Fl. Siles. 1: 337 (1827)
= Juncus uliginosus var. subverticillatus (Wulfen) Boenn.; Prodr. Fl. Monast. Westphal.: 103 (1824)
= Juncus uliginosus var. supinus (Moench) Boenn.; Prodr. Fl. Monast. Westphal.: 103 (1824)
= Juncus uliginosus var. supinus (Moench) Spenn.; Fl. Friburg. 1: 184 (1825), nom. inval.
= Juncus uliginosus var. supinus (Moench) W.D.J.Koch & Ziz; 8 (1814), nom. illeg.
= Juncus uliginosus var. viviparus Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 165 (1821 publ. 1822)
= Juncus verticillatus Pers.; Syn. Pl. 1: 384 (1805), nom. superfl.
= Juncus verticillatus var. fluitans (Lam.) Hartm.; Syn. Pl. 1: 384 (1805)
= Juncus verticillatus var. supinus (Moench) Pers.; Syn. Pl. 1: 384 (1805)
= Juncus viviparus Relhan; Fl. Cantab. 123 (1785)
= Phylloschoenus supinus (Moench) Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, N. S. 17: 171 (1869), nom. inval.
= Tristemon uliginosus (Roth) Raf.; Autik. Bot.: 192 (1840)
= Verojuncus bulbosus (L.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 30 (2023)
= Verojuncus bulbosus f. submucronatus (Procków) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 30 (2023)
subspecies :
subsp. kochii (F.W.Schultz) Reichg.; S. J. van Ooststroom & al., Fl. Neerl. 6(1): 189 (1964)
Name: Koch-Binse (DE)
Distribution: England; Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt); France; etc.
10 GRB 11 BGM GER LUX NET 12 FRA
Remarks: status uncertain, connected to the nominate subspecies by many transitional forms. Kirschner (2002) does not recognize it
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus articulatus var. kochii (F.W.Schultz) Hook.f.; 391 (1870)
= Juncus bulbosus f. welwitschii (Hochst. ex Steud.) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 16: 366 (1971)
= Juncus bulbosus var. kochii (F.W.Schultz) Vollm.; 134 (1914)
= Juncus kochii F.W.Schultz; Jahresber. Pollichia 13: 32 (1855)
= Juncus supinus proles kochii (F.W.Schultz) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 13: 244 (1912)
= Juncus supinus subsp. kochii (F.W.Schultz) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 748 (1882)
= Juncus supinus subsp. nigritellus W.D.J.Koch ex Hartm.; 47 (1846)
= Juncus supinus subsp. welwitschii (Hochst. ex Steud.) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 180 (1890)
= Juncus supinus var. kochii (F.W.Schultz) Syme; J. E. Sm., Engl. Bot., ed. 3B, 10: 33 (1870)
= Juncus supinus var. nigritellus (W.D.J.Koch ex Hartm.) Syme; 33 (1870), nom. illeg.
= Juncus supinus var. nigritellus W.D.J.Koch; Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv., ed. 2: 843 (1844), nom. illeg.
= Juncus supinus var. welwitschii (Hochst. ex Steud.) Cout.; Bol. Soc. Brot. 8: 106 (1890)
= Juncus welwitschii Hochst. ex Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 304 (1855)
= Verojuncus bulbosus subsp. kochii (F.W.Schultz) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 30 (2023)
= Verojuncus kochii (F.W.Schultz) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 31 (2023)
species :
Juncus burkartii Barros; Darwiniana 10: 431 (1953)
Distribution: Argentina (Rio Negro)
85 ARG
Remarks: subgen. Verojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Verojuncus burkartii (Barros) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 30 (2023)
species :
Juncus caesariensis Coville; Mem. Torr. Bot. Club 5: 106 (1894)
Name: New Jersey rush
Distribution: Canada (Nova Scotia); USA (Maryland, North Carolina, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Virginia)
72 CDN 75 USA 78 USA
Remarks: subgen. Verojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus asper Engelm.; A. Gray, Manual, ed. 5: 544 (1867), nom. illeg.
= Verojuncus caesariensis (Coville) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 30 (2023)
species :
Juncus caespiticius E.Mey.; Lehm. Pl. Preiss. 2: 47 (1846)
Distribution: Australia (South Australia, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania); New Zealand (North Isl., South Isl.)
50 AUS 51 NZL
Remarks: subgen. Australojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Australojuncus caespiticius (E.Mey.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 25 (2023)
= Juncus caespiticius var. bracteatus Buchenau; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 12: 439 (1890)
= Juncus similis Buchenau; Krit. Verz. Juncac. 41 (1879)
species :
Juncus canadensis J.Gay; Laharpe, Monogr. Jonc. 134 (1825)
Name: Canadian rush
Distribution: Netherlands [I]; Belgium [I]; Australia [I] (New South Wales [I]); New Zealand [I] (South Isl. [I]); Canada (British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Isl., Québec); St. Pierre et Miquelon; USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oregon [I], Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Virginia, Vermont, Washington State, Wisconsin, West Virginia)
11 bgm net 50 aus 51 nzl 71 CDN 72 CDN SPM 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 78 USA
Remarks: subgen. Verojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus canadensis f. apertus Fernald; Rhodora 47: 129 (1945)
= Juncus canadensis f. conglobatus Fernald; Rhodora 47: 129-130 (1945)
= Juncus canadensis var. euroauster Fernald; Rhodora 47: 127 (1945)
= Juncus canadensis var. longicaudatus Engelm.; A. Gray, Manual, ed. 5: 543 (1867)
= Juncus canadensis var. paradoxus Farw.; Pap. Michigan Acad. Sci. 30: 60 (1944 publ. 1945)
= Juncus canadensis var. sparsiflorus Fernald; Rhodora 23: 241 (1921)
= Juncus longicaudatus (Engelm.) Mack.; Bull. Torrey Bot. Cl. 56: 31 (1929)
= Verojuncus canadensis (J.Gay ex Laharpe) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 30 (2023)
species :
Juncus capensis Thunb.; Prod. Pl. Cap. 66 (1794)
Distribution: South Africa (N-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); St. Helena [I]; Australia [I] (New South Wales [I], Tasmania [I])
27 SAF 28 sth 50 aus
Remarks: subgen. Australojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Australojuncus capensis (Thunb.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 25 (2023)
= Juncus acutangulus Buchenau; Monogr. Junc. Cap 480 (1875) [Abh. Naturwiss. Ver. Bremen 4: 480 (1875)].
= Juncus anonymus Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 304 (1855)
= Juncus apiculatus Adamson; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. I. 27 (1935)
= Juncus atropurpureus Adamson; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 50: 30 (1935)
= Juncus capensis f. depauperatus Buchenau; Monogr. Junc. Cap 489 (1875) [Abh. Naturwiss. Ver. Bremen 4: 489 (1875)]
= Juncus capensis f. frondescens Buchenau; Monogr. Junc. Cap 490 (1875) [Abh. Naturwiss. Ver. Bremen 4: 490 (1875)]
= Juncus capensis subsp. angustifolius (E.Mey.) Buchenau; Monogr. Junc. Cap 484 (1875) [Abh. Naturwiss. Ver. Bremen 4: 484 (1875)]
= Juncus capensis subsp. delicatulus (Steud.) Buchenau; Monogr. Junc. Cap 490 (1875) [Abh. Naturwiss. Ver. Bremen 4: 490 (1875)]
= Juncus capensis subsp. geniculatus Buchenau; Monogr. Junc. Cap 492 (1875) [Abh. Naturwiss. Ver. Bremen 4: 492 (1875)]
= Juncus capensis subsp. longifolius Buchenau; Monogr. Junc. Cap 482 (1875) [Abh. Naturwiss. Ver. Bremen 4: 482 (1875)]
= Juncus capensis subsp. parviflorus Buchenau; Monogr. Junc. Cap 491 (1875) [Abh. Naturwiss. Ver. Bremen 4: 491 (1875)]
= Juncus capensis var. angustifolius E.Mey.; Linnaea 3: 372 (1828)
= Juncus capensis var. delicatulus (Steud.) Adamson; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 50: 28 (1935)
= Juncus capensis var. ecklonii Buchenau; Monogr. Junc. Cap. [Abh. Naturwiss. Ver. Bremen 4]: 485 (1875), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Juncus capensis var. flaccidus (Steud.) Buchenau; Monogr. Junc. Cap 488 (1875) [Abh. Naturwiss. Ver. Bremen 4: 488 (1875)]
= Juncus capensis var. gracilior Buchenau; Monogr. Junc. Cap 483 (1875) [Abh. Naturwiss. Ver. Bremen 4: 483 (1875)]
= Juncus capensis var. macranthus Adamson; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 50: 28 (1935)
= Juncus capensis var. sphagnetorum Buchenau; Monogr. Junc. Cap 489 (1875) [Abh. Naturwiss. Ver. Bremen 4: 489 (1875)]
= Juncus capensis var. strictissimus Buchenau; Monogr. Junc. Cap 482 (1875) [Abh. Naturwiss. Ver. Bremen 4: 482 (1875)]
= Juncus delicatulus Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 304 (1855)
= Juncus flaccidus Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 303 (1855)
= Juncus indescriptus Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 304 (1855)
= Juncus singularis Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 302 (1855)
= Juncus sphagnetorum (Buchenau) Adamson; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 50: 29 (1935)
= Juncus stenophyllus Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 303 (1855)
= Juncus sulcatus Hochst. ex Krauss; Flora 28: 342 (1845)
= Juncus umbellatus Adamson; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 50: 38 (1935)
species :
Juncus capillaceus Lam.; Encyc. 3: 266 (1789)
Distribution: Spain [I]; South Africa [I] (W-Cape Prov. [I]); St. Helena [I]; Australia [I] (New South Wales [I]); Colombia (Boyacá, Cundinamarca, Nariño, Norte de Santander, Valle); Venezuela (Merida); Ecuador; Peru; Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Cochabamba); SE-Brazil; S-Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul); Uruguay (Artigas, Canelones, Cerro Largo, Colonia, Durazno, Florida Prov., Flores Prov., Maldonado, Montevideo, Paysandu, Salto, Treinta y Tres); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Chaco, Cordoba, Corrientes, Entre Rios, La Rioja, Santiago del Estero, Santa Fe, Tucuman); Chile (Valparaíso, O´Higgins, Ñuble, Biobío, Araucanía, Los Rios, Los Lagos); Juan Fdz. Isl.
12 spa 27 saf 28 sth 50 aus 82 CLM VEN 83 BOL ECU PER 84 BRA 85 ARG CLE JNF URU
Remarks: subgen. 2 Agathryon, sect. 2 Steirochloa
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon capillaceum (Lam.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 34 (2023)
= Juncus capillaceus var. montevidensis Buchenau; Junc. S. Amer.: 377 (1879)
= Juncus tenuifolius Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 306 (1855)
species :
Juncus capillaris F.J.Herm.; Leafl. West. Bot. 5: 116 (1948)
Name: Hairystem dwarf rush (EN)
Distribution: USA (California: Sa. Nevada, Oregon: Steins Mts.)
73 USA 76 USA
Remarks: subgen. 1 Juncus, sect. 3 Caespitosi
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncinella capillaris (F.J.Herm.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 25 (2023)
species :
Juncus capitatus Weigel; Obs. Bot. 28 (1772)
Name: Kopf-Binse (DE); Leafybract dwarf rush (EN); Junco cabezon (ES)
Distribution: England; Denmark; Sweden; Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, +Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, +Hessen, +Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, +Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; Baleares; France; +Monaco; Channel Isl.; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Pantelleria; Malta; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; ?Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece; Crete; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; W-European Russia; Ukraine; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Azores (Santa Maria Isl., Sao Miguel Isl., Terceira, Sao Jorge, Pico, Faial, Flores Isl., Corvo Isl.); Madeira (Madeira Isl.); Canary Isl. (Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro); Cameroon; Ethiopia; Kenya; South Africa (Gauteng, Free State, W-Cape Prov.); Lesotho; Kazakhstan; East Aegaean Isl.; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Cyprus (N-Cyprus); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley); Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); New Zealand [I]; USA [I] (Alabama [I], California [I], Louisiana [I], Oklahoma [I], Texas [I]); S-Brazil [I]; Uruguay [I]; Argentina [I]; Chile [I] (Maule [I], Ñuble [I], Biobío [I], Araucanía [I], Los Lagos [I])
10 DEN GRB SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 BAL CIS COR FRA MCO POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MLT MNT NMA PTL SIC SLV SRB TUE 14 BLR LAT LIT RUS UKR 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN 21 AZO CNY MDR 23 CMN 24 ETH 25 KEN 27 LES SAF 32 KAZ 34 CYP EAI ISR LEB TUR 50 aus 51 nzl 74 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa 84 bra 85 arg cle uru
Remarks: subgen. 1 Juncus, sect. 3 Caespitosi
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncinella capitata (Weigel) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 25 (2023)
= Juncus capitatus unranked triandrus [Gouan] Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 489 (1904)
= Juncus capitatus unranked versicolor Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 489 (1904).
= Juncus capitatus unranked virescens Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 489 (1904).
= Juncus capitatus f. physcomitrioides (Baen.) Neuman; Sver. Fl.: 659 (1901)
= Juncus capitatus f. physcomitroides (Baen.) Abrom.; 1089 (1940), isonym
= Juncus capitatus f. umbelliformis Merino; Fl. Galicia 3: 52 (1909)
= Juncus capitatus subsp. setaceus K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 182 (1890)
= Juncus capitatus var. congestus Ten.; Fl. Napol. 4: 53 (1830)
= Juncus capitatus var. physcomitrioides Baen.; Prosp. Herb. Eur.: 4 (1873)
= Juncus capitatus var. setaceus Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur., Suppl. 2: 314 (1890)
= Juncus capitatus var. triandrus Asch.; Barbey, Fl. Sard. Comp.: 188 (1885)
= Juncus ericetorum Pollich; Hist. Pl. Palat. 1: 351 (1776)
= Juncus ericetorum var. capitatus (Weigel) C.C.Gmel.; 72 (1806), nom. illeg.
= Juncus globiceps Bajtenov; Vestnik Akad. Nauk Kazak. SSR, No. 9 (126) 78 (1955)
= Juncus gracilis Roth; Tent. Fl. Germ. 1: 155 (1787)
= Juncus gracilis var. capitatus (Weigel) Roth; Tent. Fl. Germ. 1: 155 (1788), nom. illeg.
= Juncus mutabilis Lam.; Encycl. 3: 270 (1789)
= Juncus tenellus S.Geuns; Pl. Belg. Confed. Indig. Spicil. 25 (1788), nom. illeg
= Juncus triandrus Gouan; Herbor. 25 (1796), nom. illeg.
= Schoenus minimus T.F.Forst.; Symons, Syn. Pl. Ins. Brit.: 197 (1798)
species :
Juncus castaneus Sm.; Fl. Brit. 1: 383 (1800)
subspecies :
subsp. castaneus
Name: Kastanien-Binse (DE), Chestnut rush (EN)
Distribution: Iceland; Svalbard; England; Norway; Sweden; Switzerland; Austria; Slovakia; Italy; Romania; C-European Russia; N-European Russia; Ukraine; Siberia (Altai, Buryatia, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva, W-Siberia, Yakutia); Russian Far East (Kamchatka, Kuril Isl., Magadan); China (Jilin, Nei Mongol, Hebei, Shanxi, Shaanxi, Ningxia, Gansu, Qinghai, Sichuan, Yunnan); Alaska; Greenland; Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Labrador, Manitoba, Northern Territories, Nunavut, Ontario, Québec, Saskatchewan, Yukon); USA (Colorado, Montana, New Mexico, Nevada, Utah, Wyoming)
10 GRB ICE NOR SVA SWE 11 AUT SLO SWI 13 ITA ROM 14 RUS UKR 30 SIB 31 RFE 36 CHI 70 ASK CDN GNL 71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 76 USA 77 USA
Remarks: subgen. Alpinojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Alpinojuncus castaneus (Sm.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 26 (2023)
= Juncus castaneus f. pallidus (Buchenau) B.Boivin; Naturaliste Canad. 94: 525 (1967)
= Juncus castaneus var. czetzii (Schur) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 750 (1882)
= Juncus castaneus var. pallidus Buchenau; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 12: 403 (1890)
= Juncus czetzii Schur; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 13: 111 (1863)
subspecies :
subsp. leucochlamys (W.J.Zinger ex V.I.Krecz.) Hultén; Arktic Bot. 7(1): 32 (1967 publ. 1968)
Distribution: Siberia (Buryatia, Chita, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Yakutia); Russian Far East (Kamchatka, Khabarovsk, Kuril Isl., Magadan); NE-China; Mongolia; Alaska; Aleutes; Canada (Yukon)
30 SIB 31 RFE 36 CHI 37 MON 70 ASK CDN
Synonyms: hidden
= Alpinojuncus castaneus subsp. leucochlamys (W.J.Zinger ex V.I.Krecz.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 26 (2023)
= Juncus leucochlamys subsp. borealis (Tolm.) Novikov; Sosud. Rast. Sovet. Dal´nego Vostoka 1: 74 (1985)
= Juncus leucochlamys var. borealis Tolm.; Arktich. Fl. SSSR 4: 21 (1963)
= Juncus leucochlamys W.J.Zinger ex V.I.Krecz.; Fl. Transbaical. 2: 141 (1931)
subspecies :
subsp. triceps (Rostk.) Novikov; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 15: 92 (1979)
Distribution: Siberia (Altai, Buryatia, Chita, Irkutsk, Tuva); Russian Far East (Kamchatka, Khabarovsk, Kuril Isl.); Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Mongolia; North Korea; Japan (Hokkaido)
30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ KGZ 37 MON 38 JAP NKO
Synonyms: hidden
= Alpinojuncus castaneus subsp. triceps (Rostk.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 26 (2023)
= Juncus castaneus var. fuscus Nakai; Rep. Veg. Daisetsusan: 60 (1930)
= Juncus castaneus var. koreanus Ohwi; Bot. Mag. 45: 189 (1931)
= Juncus satakei Kitag.; J. Jap. Bot. 26: 11 (1951)
= Juncus triceps Rostk.; De Junco: 48 (1801)
= Juncus triceps var. koreanus (Ohwi) Satake; Nov. Fl. Jap. 1: 30 (1938)
species :
Juncus cephalostigma Sam.; Hand.-Mazz., Symb. Sin. 7:1233(1936)
Distribution: China (Yunnan, Sichuan); Tibet; Nepal; Bhutan; N-India (Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim, West Bengal); N-Myanmar
36 CHI TIB 40 BHU IND NEP 41 MYA
Remarks: subgen. Alpinojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Alpinojuncus cephalostigma (Sam.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 26 (2023)
= Juncus cephalostigma var. dingjieensis K.F.Wu; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 32: 460 (1994)
species :
Juncus cephalotes Thunb.; Prod. Pl. Cap. 66 (1794)
Distribution: South Africa (N-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
Remarks: subgen. 1 Juncus, sect. 3 Caespitosi
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncinella cephalotes (Thunb.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 25 (2023)
= Juncus altus Buchenau; Monogr. Junc. Cap. [Abh. Naturwiss. Ver. Bremen 4]: 457 (1875)
= Juncus capensis var. minimus Laharpe; Essai Monogr. Jonc.: 55 (1825)
= Juncus cephalotes var. minimus Hochst.; Flora 28: 342 (1845), sensu auct.
= Juncus cephalotes var. ustulatus Buchenau; Monogr. Junc. Cap. [Abh. Naturwiss. Ver. Bremen 4]: 451 (1875)
= Juncus cephalotes var. varius Buchenau; Monogr. Junc. Cap. [Abh. Naturwiss. Ver. Bremen 4]: 451 (1875)
= Juncus filifolius Adamson; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 50: 36 (1935)
= Juncus inaequalis Buchenau; Bremen, Abh. 4: 455 (1875)
= Juncus inaequalis var. altus (Buchenau) Adamson; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 50: 34 (1935)
= Juncus inaequalis var. squarrosus Adamson; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 50: 36 (1935)
= Juncus inaequalis var. viridescens Buchenau; Monogr. Junc. Cap. [Abh. Naturwiss. Ver. Bremen 4]: 455 (1875)
= Juncus parvulus E.Mey. ex Buchenau; Monogr. Junc. Cap. [Abh. Naturwiss. Ver. Bremen 4]: 447 (1875)
= Juncus polytrichos E.Mey. & Buchenau; Monogr. Junc. Cap. [Abh. Naturwiss. Ver. Bremen 4]: 448 (1875)
= Juncus rupestris var. schlechteri (Buchenau) Adamson; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 50: 38 (1935)
= Juncus schlechteri Buchenau; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 24: 459 (1898)
species :
Juncus chiapasensis Balslev; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75(1): 379 (1988)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas)
79 MEX
Remarks: subgen. Verojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Verojuncus chiapasensis (Balslev) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 30 (2023)
species :
Juncus chlorocephalus Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 2: 485 (1868)
Name: Greenhead rush (EN)
Distribution: USA (California, Nevada, Arizona)
76 USA
Remarks: subgen. Verojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Verojuncus chlorocephalus (Engelm.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 30 (2023)
species :
Juncus chrysocarpus Buchenau; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 6: 201-202 (1885)
Distribution: SE-Tibet; Nepal; Bhutan; N-India (Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim)
36 TIB 40 BHU IND NEP
Remarks: subgen. Alpinojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Alpinojuncus chrysocarpus (Buchenau) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 26 (2023)
species :
Juncus clarkei Buchenau; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 6: 210-211 (1885)
Distribution: China (Yunnan, Sichuan); Tibet; Nepal; Bhutan; N-India (Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Nagaland, Sikkim, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal); Myanmar
36 CHI TIB 40 BHU IND NEP 41 MYA
Remarks: subgen. Alpinojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus clarkei var. marginatus A.Camus; Notul. Syst. (Paris) 1: 278 (1910)
= Alpinojuncus clarkei (Buchenau) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 26 (2023)
species :
Juncus compressus Jacq.; Enum. Stirp. Vindob. 60, 235 (1762)
Name: Zusammengedrückte Binse, Platthalm-Binse (DE), Roundfruit rush (EN)
Distribution: England; Ireland; Denmark; Norway; Sweden; Finland; Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Malta; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; N-European Russia; W-European Russia; Ukraine; Crimea; Siberia (Altai, Buryatia, Chita, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva, W-Siberia, Yakutia); Russian Far East (Amur, Primorye); Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Iran (NW-Iran: Iranian Azerbaijan); Afghanistan (Kunar / Nuristan); Mongolia; Pakistan (Kurram, Gilgit); N-India (Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir); Canada [I] (British Columbia [I], Manitoba [I], Newfoundland [I], Nova Scotia [I], Ontario [I], Québec [I], Saskatchewan [I]); USA [I] (Colorado [I], Illinois [I], Indiana [I], Maryland [I], Maine [I], Michigan [I], Minnesota [I], Montana [I], North Dakota [I], Nebraska [I], New York [I], Ohio [I], Pennsylvania [I], Utah [I], Vermont [I], Wisconsin [I], Wyoming [I]); Uruguay [I]; Argentina [I]
10 DEN FIN GRB IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS MLT MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SRB TUE 14 BLR EST KRY LAT LIT RUS UKR 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG IRN IRQ TUR 37 MON 40 IND PAK 71 cdn 72 cdn 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 78 usa 85 arg uru
Remarks: subgen. 2 Agathryon, sect. 2 Steirochloa; compressus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon compressum (Jacq.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 34 (2023)
= Juncus bulbosus subsp. compressus (Jacq.) Syme; 37 (1870), nom. illeg.
= Juncus bulbosus var. alpinus Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 687 (1866)
= Juncus bulbosus var. compressus (Jacq.) Jess.; 512 (1879)
= Juncus bulbosus var. compressus (Jacq.) Regel; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 41(II): 272 (1869)
= Juncus compressus unranked condensatus Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 430 (1904)
= Juncus compressus unranked laxus Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 431 (1904)
= Juncus compressus unranked metzleri (F.W.Schultz) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 431 (1904)
= Juncus compressus unranked viridiflorus Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 431 (1904)
= Juncus compressus unranked viridis Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 431 (1904)
= Juncus compressus f. alpinus (Schur) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung., 16(3-4): 366 (1970 publ. 1971)
= Juncus compressus f. elongatus Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 431 (1904)
= Juncus compressus f. euxinus (Velen.) Hayek; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 33(3): 135 (1933)
= Juncus compressus f. laxus (Asch. & Graebn.) Borza; Consp. Fl. Rom. 1: 40 (1947)
= Juncus compressus f. longirepens Zapal.; Consp. Fl. Gallic. Crit. 1: 130 (1906)
= Juncus compressus f. nanus Neuman; Sver. Fl.: 658 (1901)
= Juncus compressus f. tenuifolius Zapal.; Consp. Fl. Gallic. Crit. 1: 131 (1906)
= Juncus compressus f. tereticaulis (Vollm.) Suess.; 196 (1939)
= Juncus compressus var. alpinus Schur; 69 (1851), nom. inval.
= Juncus compressus var. dianthelus K.Koch; Linnaea 21: 629 (1848)
= Juncus compressus var. euxinus Velen.; Fl. Bulg., Suppl. 1: 281 (1898)
= Juncus compressus var. metzleri (F.W.Schultz) I.Grint.; Fl. Reipubl. Popul. Roman. 11: 539 (1966), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Juncus compressus var. nudiculmis F.W.Schultz; Jahresber. Pollichia 20-21: 250 (1863)
= Juncus compressus var. porphyrocarpus Murr; 43 (1923)
= Juncus compressus var. pseudogerardii Jafri; Fl. Pakistan, 138: 14 (1981)
= Juncus compressus var. pumilus Schur; 69 (1851), nom. inval.
= Juncus compressus var. tenuifolius Zapal.; 95 (1906)
= Juncus compressus var. tenuis Schur; 69 (1851), nom. inval.
= Juncus compressus var. tereticaulis Vollm.; 132 (1914)
= Juncus gramineus Dumort.; Fl. Belg.: 142 (1827), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Juncus gramineus var. compressus (Jacq.) Dumort.; Fl. Belg.: 142 (1827), nom. inval.
= Juncus metzleri F.W.Schultz; Jahresber. Pollichia 13: 34 (1855)
species :
Juncus concinnus D.Don; Prodr. Fl. Nepal. 44 (1825)
Distribution: China (Sichuan, Yunnan); Tibet; Nepal; Bhutan; N-India (Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Sikkim, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh); Myanmar
36 CHI TIB 40 BHU IND NEP 41 MYA
Remarks: subgen. Alpinojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Alpinojuncus concinnus (D.Don) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 26 (2023)
= Juncus albescens Satake; H. Hara, Fl. E. Himal. 2: 16 1, f. 13 (1971), nom. illeg., non (Lange) Fernald. (1924)
= Juncus elegans Royle ex D.Don; Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. 18: 321 (1840), pro syn.
= Juncus elegans Royle ex Sam.; Hand.-Mazz., Symb. Sin. 7: 1235 (1936)
= Juncus glomeratus K.F.Wu; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 32(5): 462-463, f. 6, 1-5 (1994) [non Thunb. 1784]
= Juncus lanpinguensis Novikov; Byull. Moskovsk. Obshch. Isp. Prir., Otd. Biol. 103(4): 67 (1998), nom. nov.
= Juncus luteocarpus Satake; J. Jap. Bot. 43: 384 (1968), et in H. Hara, Fl. E. Himal. 2: 163 (1971)
= Juncus meiguensis K.F.Wu; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 32(5): 463, f. 6, 6-7 (1994)
= Juncus yoskisukei Goel; J. Econ. Taxon. Bot., Add. Ser. 7: 208 (1985), nom. nov.
species :
Juncus concolor Sam.; Symb. Sin. 7(5): 1232-1233 (1936)
Distribution: China (W-Yunnan)
36 CHI
Remarks: subgen. Alpinojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Alpinojuncus concolor (Sam.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 26 (2023)
species :
Juncus confusus Coville; Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 10: 127 (1896)
Name: Colorado rush (EN)
Distribution: Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Saskatchewan); USA (Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, New Mexico, Nevada, Oregon, South Dakota, Utah, Washington State, Wyoming); Mexico (Chihuahua, Sonora)
71 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
Remarks: subgen. 2 Agathryon, sect. 2 Steirochloa
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon confusum (Coville) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 34 (2023)
= Juncus exilis Osterh.; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 57: 559 (1930 publ. 1931)
species :
Juncus conglomeratus L.; Sp. Pl. 326 (1753)
Name: Knäuel-Binse (DE)
Distribution: Faeroe Isl.; England; Ireland; Denmark; Norway; Sweden; Finland; Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; Andorra; France; Channel Isl.; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Malta; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; N-European Russia; W-European Russia; Ukraine; Crimea; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Azores (Sao Miguel Isl.); Madeira (Madeira Isl.); Siberia (W-Siberia); Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Turkey (N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, W-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Australia [I] (Tasmania [I]); New Zealand [I]; USA [I] (Connecticut [I], Idaho [I], Massachusetts [I], Maryland [I], Maine [I], Michigan [I], Minnesota [I], Montana [I], New Hampshire [I], New Jersey [I], New York [I], Pennsylvania [I], Rhode Island [I], Virginia [I], Vermont [I], Washington State [I], Wisconsin [I], West Virginia [I]); Venezuela [I]; Brazil [I]
10 DEN FIN FOR GRB IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 ADO CIS COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS MLT MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SRB TUE 14 BLR EST KRY LAT LIT RUS UKR 20 ALG MOR TUN 21 AZO MDR 30 SIB 33 GEO NCS 34 IRQ TUR 50 aus 51 nzl 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 78 usa 82 ven 84 bra
Remarks: subgen. 2 Agathryon, sect. 3 Juncotypus
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon conglomeratum (L.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 36 (2023)
= Juncus communis proles conglomeratus (L.) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 13: 225 (1912), nom. illeg.
= Juncus communis subsp. conglomeratus (L.) Celak.; Prodr. Fl. Böhmen 1: 80 (1867), nom. inval.
= Juncus communis subsp. conglomeratus Bonnier & Layens; Tabl. Syn. Pl. Vasc. France: 319 (1894), nom. illeg.
= Juncus communis subvar. viridiflorus (Buchenau) Rouy; G. Rouy & J. Foucaud, Fl. France 13: 225 (1912)
= Juncus communis var. conglomeratus (L.) E.Mey.; Junc. Gen. Monogr. Spec.: 20 (1819)
= Juncus conglomeratus unranked laxus (Beck) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 445 (1904)
= Juncus conglomeratus unranked subuliflorus (Drejer) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 446 (1904).
= Juncus conglomeratus unranked umbrosus Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 445 (1904)
= Juncus conglomeratus unranked viridiflorus (Buchenau) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 445 (1904)
= Juncus conglomeratus subsp. subuliflorus (Drejer) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 746 (1882)
= Juncus conglomeratus var. altissimus Klett & Richt.; Fl. Leipzig: 314 (1830)
= Juncus conglomeratus var. effusus Hoppe ex Mert. & W.D.J.Koch; 573 (1826), nom. illeg.
= Juncus conglomeratus var. giganteus Schur; 69 (1851), nom. inval.
= Juncus conglomeratus var. ingens Merino; Contr. Fl. Galicia, Supl. 1: 17 (1898)
= Juncus conglomeratus var. laxus (Beck) I.Grint.; Fl. Reipubl. Popul. Roman. 11: 552 (1966)
= Juncus conglomeratus var. subuliflorus (Drejer) Abrom.; 1082 (1940), isonym
= Juncus conglomeratus var. subuliflorus (Drejer) Asch. & Graebn.; 446 (1904)
= Juncus conglomeratus var. umbrosus (Asch. & Graebn.) I.Grint.; Fl. Reipubl. Popul. Roman. 11: 552 (1966)
= Juncus effusus f. conglomeratus (L.) Neuman; Sver. Fl.: 654 (1901)
= Juncus effusus f. conglomeratus (L.) Reichg.; S. J. van Ooststroom & al., Fl. Neerl. 6(1): 180 (1964), isonym
= Juncus effusus subsp. conglomeratus (L.) Husn.; Joncées: 7 (1908)
= Juncus effusus subsp. subuliflorus (Drejer) Hartm.; 51 (1866)
= Juncus effusus var. conglomeratus (L.) Bosch; Prodr. Fl. Batav. 1: 277 (1850)
= Juncus glomeratus Thunb.; Fl. Jap.: 145 (1784), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Juncus laevis var. conglomeratus (L.) Wallr.; Sched. Crit.: 143 (1822), nom. superfl.
= Juncus leersii f. subuliflorus (Drejer) Neuman; Sver. Fl.: 654 (1901)
= Juncus leersii f. viridiflorus (Buchenau) Buchenau; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV 36: 138 (1906)
= Juncus leersii T.Marsson; Fl. Neu-Vorpomm. 451 (1869)
= Juncus leersii var. elongatus Jess.; 510 (1879), nom. illeg.
= Juncus leersii var. laxus Beck; Fl. Nieder-Österreich 1: 153 (1890)
= Juncus leersii var. praeflorens Ade & Vollm.; Ber. Bayer. Bot. Ges. 9: 53 (1904)
= Juncus leersii var. subuliflorus (Drejer) Buchenau; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 12: 233 (1890)
= Juncus leersii var. viridiflorus Buchenau; Abh. Naturwiss. Vereine Bremen 10: 506 (1889)
= Juncus leesii var. subuliflorus (Drejer) Buchenau; 233 (1890)
= Juncus matthioli Bubani; Fl. Pyren. 4: 177 (1901), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Juncus subuliflorus Drejer; Fl. Excurs. Hafn. 127 (1838)
= Juncus subuliflorus f. laxus (Beck) Reichg.; S. J. van Ooststroom & al., Fl. Neerl. 6(1): 181 (1964)
= Juncus subuliflorus f. leersii (T.Marsson) Reichg.; S. J. van Ooststroom & al., Fl. Neerl. 6(1): 181 (1964)
= Juncus subuliflorus f. praeflorens (Ade & Vollm.) Reichg.; S. J. van Ooststroom & al., Fl. Neerl. 6(1): 181 (1964)
= Tristemon glomeratum Raf.; Autik. Bot.: 192 (1840)
species :
Juncus continuus L.A.S.Johnson; J. M. Black, Fl. S. Austr., ed. 3, 1: 325 (1978)
Distribution: Australia (Northern Territory, South Australia, Queensland, New South Wales); Norfolk Isl.; New Zealand [I]
50 AUS NFK 51 nzl
Remarks: subgen. 2 Agathryon, sect. 3 Juncotypus
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon continuum (L.A.S.Johnson) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 37 (2023)
species :
Juncus cooperi Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 2: 586 (1868)
Name: Cooper´s rush
Distribution: USA (Arizona, California, Nevada); Mexico (Baja California Norte, Sonora)
76 USA 79 MEX
Remarks: subgen. 1 Juncus, sect. Juncus
species :
Juncus cordobensis Barros; Darwiniana 10: 371 (1953), sine descr. lat., et Lilloa 28: 279 (1957)
Distribution: Colombia (Boyacá, Cundinamarca); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Chaco, Cordoba, Corrientes, Entre Rios, Formosa, Tucuman)
82 CLM 85 ARG
Remarks: subgen. 2 Agathryon, sect. 2 Steirochloa
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon cordobense (Barros) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 34 (2023)
= Juncus arequipensis Balslev; Brittonia 35(3): 302 (1983)
species :
Juncus coriaceus Mack.; Bull. Torrey Bot. Cl. 56: 28 (1929)
Name: Leathery rush (EN)
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, New Jersey, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia)
74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Remarks: subgen. 2 Agathryon, sect. 2 Steirochloa
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon coriaceum (Mack.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 34 (2023)
species :
Juncus covillei Piper; Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 11: 182 (1906)
Name: Coville´s rush (EN)
Distribution: Canada (British Columbia); USA (California, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington State)
71 CDN 73 USA 76 USA
Remarks: subgen. Boreojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Boreojuncus covillei (Piper) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 24 (2023)
= Juncus falcatus var. paniculatus Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 2: 495 (1868)
= Juncus latifolius var. paniculatus (Engelm.) Buchenau; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 12: 426 (1890)
variant :
var. obtusatus C.L.Hitchc.; C. L. Hitchc. & al., Vasc. Pl. Pacific Northw. 1: 193 (1969)
Distribution: Alaska; Canada (British Columbia); USA (California, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington State)
70 ASK 71 CDN 73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Boreojuncus covillei var. obtusatus (C.L.Hitchc.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 24 (2023)
= Juncus obtusatus Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 2: 495 (1868), non Kit.
species :
Juncus crassistylus A.Camus; Notul. Syst. (Paris) 1: 277 (1910)
Distribution: China (Yunnan)
36 CHI
Remarks: subgen. Alpinojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Alpinojuncus crassistylus (A.Camus) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 26 (2023)
species :
Juncus curtisiae L.A.S.Johnson; Aspects Tasmanian Bot.- Tribute Winifred Curtis (ed. M. R. Banks et al.): 44 (1991)
Distribution: Australia (Tasmania)
50 AUS
Remarks: subgen. Verojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Verojuncus curtisiae (L.A.S.Johnson) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 30 (2023)
species :
Juncus curvatus Buchenau; Engl. Pflanzenreich, Juncac. 128 (1906)
Distribution: Russian Far East (Sakhalin); ?Japan
31 RFE
Remarks: subgen. 2 Agathryon, sect. 3 Juncotypus
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon curvatum (Buchenau) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 36 (2023)
= Juncus brachyspathus var. curvatus (Buchenau) Satake; T. Nakai & M. Honda, Nov. Fl. Jap. 1: 58 (1938)
= Juncus filiformis var. curvatus (Buchenau) R.R.Kudô; Contr. Fl. N. Saghal.: 26 (1923)
species :
Juncus cyperoides Laharpe; Mem. Soc. Hist. Nat. Par. 3: 145 (1827)
Distribution: Turkey [I]; USA [I] (California [I]); Colombia (Boyacá, Cauca, Cundinamarca, Meta, Nariño, Putumayo); Ecuador; Peru; Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz); Argentina (Chubut, Neuquen, Rio Negro, Tucuman); Chile (Coquimbo, Valparaíso, Metropolitana de Santiago, O´Higgins, Maule, Ñuble, Biobío, Araucanía, Los Rios, Los Lagos, Aisén, Magallanes)
34 tur 76 usa 82 CLM 83 BOL ECU PER 85 ARG CLE
Remarks: subgen. Australojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Australojuncus cyperoides (Laharpe) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 25 (2023)
= Cephaloxys graminifolia (E.Mey.) Nees & Meyen ex Kunth; Enum. Pl. 3: 343 (1843)
= Juncus graminifolius E.Mey.; C. Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 1: 144 (1827)
= Juncus rivularis Poepp. ex Kunth; Enum. Pl. 3: 343 (1855)
species :
Juncus debilis A.Gray; Man. Bot. U. St. ed. II. 480 (1848)
Name: Weak rush (EN)
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia); Mexico (Chiapas, Oaxaca); Honduras
74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX 80 HON
Remarks: subgen. Verojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus acuminatus var. debilis (A.Gray) Engelm.; A. Gray, Manual, ed. 5: 542 (1867)
= Juncus polycephalus var. depauperatus Torr.; Fl. New York 2: 327 (1843)
= Juncus radicans Schltdl.; Linnaea 18: 442 (1844), nom. rej.
= Verojuncus debilis (A.Gray) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 30 (2023)
species :
Juncus decipiens (Buchenau) Nakai; Veg. Kamikochi, 35 (1928)
subspecies :
subsp. decipiens
Distribution: Russian Far East (Kuril Isl., Primorye, Sakhalin); NE-China; North Korea; South Korea; Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu); Ryukyu Isl.
31 RFE 36 CHI 38 JAP KOR NKO NNS
Remarks: subgen. 2 Agathryon, sect. 3 Juncotypus
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon decipiens (Buchenau) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 36 (2023)
= Juncus decipiens f. spiralis (Makino) Satake; J. Fac. Sci. Univ. Tokyo, Sect. 3, Bot. 4(2): 177 (1933)
= Juncus decipiens f. utilis (Makino) Satake; J. Fac. Sci. Univ. Tokyo, Sect. 3, Bot. 4(2): 177 (1933)
= Juncus decipiens var. glomeratus (Makino) Satake; J. Fac. Sci. Univ. Tokyo, Sect. 3, Bot. 4(2): 178 (1933)
= Juncus decipiens var. gracilis [Buchenau ex Matsum.] Nakai; Rep. Veg. Daisetsu Mts.: 60 (1930)
= Juncus decipiens var. robustior Satake; Nov. Fl. Jap. 1: 30 (1938)
= Juncus effusus f. glomeratus Makino; Bot. Mag. 12: 163 (1898)
= Juncus effusus f. gracilis Buchenau ex Matsum.; Index Pl. Jap. 2: 184 (1905), nom. illeg.
= Juncus effusus f. spiralis Makino; J. Jap. Bot. 7: 27 (1931), nom. illeg.
= Juncus effusus f. utilis Makino; Fl. Japan: 1290 (1925)
= Juncus effusus subsp. decipiens (Buchenau) Weim.; Svensk Bot. Tidskr. 40: 143 (1946)
= Juncus effusus var. decipiens Buchenau; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 12: 229 (1890)
= Juncus effusus var. gracilis Nakai; Saishu-to Kuan-to Shokubutsu Hokoku-sho [Fl. Quelpaert Isl.]: 29 (1914), nom. illeg.
subspecies :
subsp. medianus L.A.S.Johnson & K.L.Wilson; Telopea 9: 377 (2001)
Distribution: Taiwan; Borneo; Philippines (Luzon, Mindanao); Java; New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea)
38 TAI 42 BOR JAW NWG PHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon decipiens subsp. medianum (L.A.S.Johnson & K.L.Wilson) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 36 (2023)
subspecies :
subsp. sundaicus (Ridl.) L.A.S.Johnson & K.L.Wilson; Telopea 9: 378 (2001)
Distribution: Sumatra; ?Java
42 SUM
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon decipiens subsp. sundaicum (RIdl.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 36 (2023)
= Juncus sundaicus Ridl.; J. Bot. 73: 342 (1935)
species :
Juncus densiflorus Kunth; Nov. Gen. Sp. [H. B. K.] 1: 238 (1815 publ. 1816)
Distribution: Colombia (Antioquia, Boyacá, Cauca, Cundinamarca, Huila, Nariño, Norte de Santander, Putumayo, Santander, Valle); Venezuela (Amazonas, Bolívar, Lara, Merida, Tachira); Bolivia (Santa Cruz); NE-Brazil; SE-Brazil; S-Brazil (Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina); Paraguay (Caazapa, Central, Cordillera, Guaira, Misiones, Paraguari, Pres. Hayes, San Pedro); Uruguay (Cerro Largo, Florida Prov., Maldonado, Montevideo, Rivera, Rio Negro, Rocha, Salto, Soriano); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Chaco, Cordoba, Corrientes, Entre Rios, Formosa, Misiones, Santa Fe, Tucuman)
82 CLM VEN 83 BOL 84 BRA 85 ARG PAR URU
Remarks: subgen. Verojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus densiflorus var. cyperinus Buchenau; Junc. S. Amer.: 397 (1879)
= Juncus densiflorus var. pohlii (Steud.) Buchenau; Junc. S. Amer.: 398 (1879)
= Juncus pohlii Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 302 (1855)
= Verojuncus densiflorus (Kunth) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 30 (2023)
species :
Juncus deosaicus Noltie; Edinburgh J. Bot. 55(1): 41 (1998)
Distribution: NE-Pakistan (Deosai)
40 PAK
Remarks: subgen. Alpinojuncus. Known only from type collection
Synonyms: hidden
= Alpinojuncus deosaicus (Noltie) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 26 (2023)
species :
Juncus diastrophanthus Buchenau; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 12(3-4): 309 (1890)
Distribution: NE-China; North Korea; South Korea; Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu)
36 CHI 38 JAP KOR NKO
Remarks: subgen. Verojuncus. A much wider distribution in China was reported in Fl. China 24 (2000), probably as a result of confusion with J. prismatocarpus ssp. leschenaultii (Kirschner 2002)
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus togakushiensis f. viviparus (Satake) Satake; Nov. Fl. Jap. 1: 30 (1938)
= Juncus togakushiensis H.Lév.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 10: 352 (1912)
= Juncus togakushiensis var. viviparus Satake; J. Jap. Bot. 12: 90 (1936)
= Juncus yakeisidakensis Satake; J. Fac. Sci. Univ. Tokyo, Sect. 3, Bot. 4(2): 189 (1933)
= Verojuncus diastrophanthus (Buchenau) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 29 (2023)
species :
Juncus dichotomus Elliott; Sketch 1: 406 (1817)
Name: Forked rush (EN)
Distribution: Australia [I] (New South Wales [I]); New Zealand [I]; USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Colorado, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Mississippi, North Carolina, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, West Virginia); Mexico (Aguascalientes, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Zacatecas); Guatemala; El Salvador; Honduras; Costa Rica; Jamaica; Hispaniola; Puerto Rico; Venezuela (Merida); Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, Santa Cruz, Tarija); Brazil (Minas Gerais, Paraná, Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo); S-Brazil (Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina); Paraguay (Guaira); Uruguay (Florida, Maldonado, Montevideo, Rio Negro, Rocha, San Jose, Soriano, Tacuarembo, Treinta y Tres); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Catamarca, Cordoba, Corrientes, Entre Rios, Jujuy, La Pampa, Neuquen, Salta, Santiago del Estero, Santa Fe, San Luis, Tucuman); Chile (Maule, Ñuble, Biobío, Araucanía)
50 aus 51 nzl 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX 80 COS ELS GUA HON 81 HIS JAM PUE 82 VEN 83 BOL 84 BRA 85 ARG CLE PAR URU
Remarks: subgen. 2 Agathryon, sect. 2 Steirochloa
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon dichotomum (Elliott) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 34 (2023)
= Agathryon tenue subsp. dichotomum (Elliott) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 35 (2023)
= Juncus albicans Fernald; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 45: 415 (1910)
= Juncus cognatus Kunth; Enum. Pl. 3: 349 (1841)
= Juncus dichotomus var. platyphyllus Wiegand; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 30: 448 (1903)
= Juncus platyphyllus (Wiegand) Fernald; Rhodora 47: 124 (1945)
= Juncus tenuis subsp. dichotomus (Elliott) Verloove & Lambinon; New J. Bot. 1(1): 40 (2011)
= Juncus tenuis var. dichotomus (Elliott) Alph.Wood; Class-book Bot.: 726 (1861)
= Juncus tenuis var. platyphyllus (Wiegand) Cory; Rhodora 38: 405 (1936), nom. illeg.
= Juncus tenuis var. unicornis E.Mey.; Linnaea 3: 371 (1828)
species :
Juncus diemii Barros; Darwiniana 10: 65 (1952)
Distribution: Argentina (Neuquen, Rio Negro); Chile (Los Lagos)
85 ARG CLE
Remarks: subgen. Verojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Verojuncus diemii (Barros) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 30 (2023)
species :
Juncus diffusissimus Buckley; Proc. Acad. Sci. Philad. 1862 (1863) 9
Name: Slimpod rush
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, California, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, Washington State, West Virginia); Peru [I]
73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 83 per
Remarks: subgen. Verojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus acuminatus var. diffusissimus (Buckley) Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 2: 463 (1868)
= Verojuncus diffusissimus (Buckley) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 30 (2023)
species :
Juncus digitatus C.W.Witham & Zika; J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 2(2): 775 (2008)
Distribution: USA (California)
76 USA
Remarks: subgen. 1 Juncus, sect. 3 Caespitosi
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncinella digitata (C.W.Witham & Zika) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 25 (2023)
species :
Juncus distegus Edgar; New Zealand J. Bot. 2: 183 (1964)
Distribution: New Zealand (North Isl., South Isl.); Chatham Isl.
51 CTM NZL
Remarks: subgen. 2 Agathryon, sect. 3 Juncotypus
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon distegum (Edgar) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 37 (2023)
species :
Juncus dolichanthus L.A.S.Johnson; Telopea 5(2): 310 (1993)
Distribution: Australia (New South Wales)
50 AUS
Remarks: subgen. 2 Agathryon, sect. 3 Juncotypus
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon dolichanthum (L.A.S.Johnson) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 38 (2023)
species :
Juncus dongchuanensis K.F.Wu; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 32(5): 457, f. 5, 4-5 (1994)
Distribution: China (C-Yunnan, W-Yunnan)
36 CHI
Remarks: subgen. Alpinojuncus. Probably a sterile hybrid involving J. concinnus
Synonyms: hidden
= Alpinojuncus dongchuanensis (K.F.Wu) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 26 (2023)
species :
Juncus dregeanus Kunth; Enum. Pl. 3: 344 (1841)
subspecies :
subsp. dregeanus
Distribution: South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, N-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Lesotho; Eswatini [Swaziland]
27 LES SAF SWZ
Remarks: subgen. Australojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Australojuncus dregeanus (Kunth) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 25 (2023)
= Juncus diaphanus Buchenau; Monogr. Junc. Cap. [Abh. Naturwiss. Ver. Bremen 4]: 2, t. VII (1875)
= Juncus dregeanus var. conglomeratus Buchenau; Monogr. Junc. Cap. [Abh. Naturwiss. Ver. Bremen 4]: 463 (1875)
= Juncus dregeanus var. sphaerocephalus Adamson; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 50: 21 (1935)
= Juncus dregeanus var. submonocephalus (Steud.) Buchenau; Monogr. Junc. Cap. [Abh. Naturwiss. Ver. Bremen 4]: 63 (1875)
= Juncus mollifolius Hilliard & B.L.Burtt; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 43: 367 (1986)
= Juncus subcuneatus C.E.Moss ex Adamson; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 50: 23 (1935)
= Juncus subcuneatus var. latifolius Adamson; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 50: 23 (1935)
= Juncus subcuneatus var. minor Adamson; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 50: 23 (1935)
= Juncus subglobosus C.E.Moss ex Adamson; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 50: 24 (1935)
= Juncus submonocephalus Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 303 (1855)
subspecies :
subsp. bachitii (Hochst. ex Steud.) Hedberg; Symb. Bot. Upsal. 15: 61 (1957)
Distribution: Cameroon; Congo [Brazzaville]; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Rwanda; Sudan; South Sudan; Ethiopia; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; Zambia; Malawi; Zimbabwe; Mozambique
23 CMN CON RWA ZAI 24 ETH SSU SUD 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 MLW MOZ ZAM ZIM
Synonyms: hidden
= Australojuncus dregeanus subsp. bachiti (Hochst. ex Steud.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 25 (2023)
= Juncus bachitii Hochst. ex Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 305 (1855)
species :
Juncus drummondii E.Mey.; Ledeb. Fl. Ross. 4: 235 (1853)
Name: Drummond´s rush
Distribution: Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Northern Territories, Yukon); USA (Arizona, Colorado, Montana, New Mexico, Nevada, Utah, Wyoming)
70 CDN 71 CDN 73 USA 76 USA 77 USA
Remarks: subgen. 2 Agathryon, sect. 3 Juncotypus
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon drummondii (E.Mey.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 36 (2023)
= Juncus arcticus var. gracilis Hook.; Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 189 (1840)
= Juncus drummondii f. davisonii H.St.John; Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 44: 30 (1931)
= Juncus drummondii var. humilis Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 2: 445 (1866)
= Juncus pauperculus O.Schwarz; Feddes Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 64: 26 (1961), nom. illeg.
variant :
var. subtriflorus (E.Mey.) C.L.Hitchc.; Vasc. Pl. Pacific Northw. 1: 193 (1969)
Name: Threeflower rush
Distribution: Alaska; Aleutes; Canada (British Columbia); USA (California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington State, Wyoming)
70 ASK 71 CDN 73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus compressus var. subtriflorus E.Mey.; Linnaea 3: 368 (1828)
= Juncus drummondii var. longifructus H.St.John; Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 44: 29 (1931)
= Juncus subtriflorus (E.Mey.) Coville; Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 4: 208 (1893)
species :
Juncus dubius Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 2: 459 (1868)
Name: Questionable rush (EN)
Distribution: USA (California); Mexico (Baja California Norte)
76 USA 79 MEX
Remarks: subgen. Verojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Verojuncus dubius (Engelm.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 30 (2023)
species :
Juncus dudleyi Wiegand; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 27: 524 (1900)
Name: Dudley´s rush (EN)
Distribution: Scotland [I]; Germany [I]; Austria [I]; Slovakia [I]; Bosnia & Hercegovina [I]; Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Labrador, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Northern Territories, Ontario, Prince Edward Isl., Québec, Saskatchewan, Yukon); USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Iowa, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, Nevada, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Vermont, Washington State, Wisconsin, West Virginia, Wyoming); Mexico (Coahuila); Guatemala [I]; El Salvador [I]; Colombia [I]; Ecuador [I]; Peru [I]
10 grb 11 aut ger slo 13 bih 70 CDN 71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX 80 els gua 82 clm 83 ecu per
Remarks: subgen. 2 Agathryon, sect. 2 Steirochloa
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon dudleyi (Wiegand) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 34 (2023)
= Juncus andreanus Weath.; Contr. Gray Herb. 81: 84 (1928)
= Juncus coarctatus Willd. ex Spreng.; Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis] 2: 109 (1825), nom. inval.
= Juncus platycaulos Kunth; Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 1: 236 (1816)
= Juncus tenuis subsp. dudleyi (Wiegand) P.Fourn.; Quatre Fl. France: 147 (1935)
= Juncus tenuis var. dudleyi (Wiegand) F.J.Herm.; J. Arnold Arbor. 25: 56 (1944)
= Juncus tenuis var. platycaulos (Kunth) Buchenau; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 12: 194 (1890)
= Juncus tenuis var. uniflorus Farw.; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 9: 265 (1925)
species :
Juncus dulongjiangensis Novikov; Byull. Mosk. Obshch. Ispyt. Prir, Biol., 103(4): 65 (1998)
Distribution: China (Yunnan)
36 CHI
Remarks: subgen. 2 Agathryon, sect. 3 Juncotypus
species :
Juncus durus L.A.S.Johnson & K.L.Wilson; Telopea 9: 380 (2001)
Distribution: New Guinea (Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
Remarks: subgen. 2 Agathryon, sect. 3 Juncotypus
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon durum (L.A.S.Johnson & K.L.Wilson) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 36 (2023)
species :
Juncus duthiei (C.B.Clarke) Noltie; Edinburgh J. Bot. 51(2): 134 (1994)
Distribution: Tibet; Nepal; Bhutan; N-India (Himachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Uttarakhand)
36 TIB 40 BHU IND NEP
Remarks: subgen. Alpinojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Alpinojuncus duthiei (C.B.Clarke) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 26 (2023)
= Microschoenus duthiei C.B.Clarke; Fl. Brit. India 6: 675 (1894)
= Schoenus duthiei (C.B.Clarke) Kük.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 44: 6, 165 (1938)
species :
Juncus ebracteatus E.Mey.; Syn. Junc. 28 (1822)
Distribution: Mexico (Aguascalientes, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Zacatecas); Guatemala; Peru; Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz, Potosí, Tarija)
79 MEX 80 GUA 83 BOL PER
Remarks: subgen. Verojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus brunneus Buchenau; Bremen, Abh. 6: 403 (1879)
= Juncus trinervis Liebm.; Vidensk. Meddel. Naturhist. Foren. Kjøbenhavn (1850) 41
= Juncus trinervis var. elatus Liebm.; Vidensk. Meddel. Naturhist. Foren. Kjøbenhavn 2: 41 (1850)
= Juncus trinervis var. minor Liebm.; Vidensk. Meddel. Naturhist. Foren. Kjøbenhavn 2: 40 (1850)
= Verojuncus ebracteatus (E.Mey.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 30 (2023)
species :
Juncus echinocephalus Balslev; Op. Bot., B (Fl. Ecuador), 11(208): 37 (1979)
Distribution: Colombia (Antioquia, Boyacá, Cauca, Cundinamarca, Meta, Nariño, Norte de Santander, Putumayo, Risaralda, Santander, Tolima); Venezuela (Tachira); Ecuador
82 CLM VEN 83 ECU
Remarks: subgen. Verojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Verojuncus echinocephalus (Balslev) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 30 (2023)
species :
Juncus ecuadoriensis Balslev; Op. Bot., B (Fl. Ecuador), 11(208): 36 (1979)
Distribution: Colombia (Antioquia, Boyacá, Cauca, Cundinamarca, Nariño, Norte de Santander, Putumayo, Santander); Venezuela (Lara, Merida, Tachira); Ecuador
82 CLM VEN 83 ECU
Remarks: subgen. Verojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Verojuncus ecuadoriensis (Balslev) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 31 (2023)
species :
Juncus edgariae L.A.S.Johnson & K.L.Wilson; Telopea 9: 399 (2001)
Distribution: New Zealand (North Isl., South Isl.); Kermadec Isl.; Chatham Isl.
51 CTM KER NZL
Remarks: subgen. 2 Agathryon, sect. 3 Juncotypus
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon edgariae (L.A.S.Johnson & K.L.Wilson) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 38 (2023)
species :
Juncus effusus L.; Sp. PI.: 326 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. effusus
Name: Flatter-Binse (DE), Common rush (EN)
Distribution: Faeroe Isl.; England; Ireland; Denmark; Norway; Sweden; Finland; Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; Andorra; France; Channel Isl.; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Malta; San Marino; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece; Crete; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; N-European Russia; W-European Russia; Ukraine; Crimea; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Azores (Santa Maria Isl., Sao Miguel Isl., Terceira, Graciosa, Sao Jorge, Pico, Faial, Flores Isl., Corvo Isl.); ?Ethiopia; St. Helena [I]; Siberia (Altai, Irkutsk [I], Krasnoyarsk, W-Siberia); Kazakhstan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl.; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Iran (N-Iran); Afghanistan (Laghman); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert); Sinai peninsula (S-Sinai); Saudi Arabia (Asir); China (Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Hebei, Shanxi, Gansu, Shandong, Jiangxi, Anhui, Zhejiang, Jiangsu, Fujian, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Guangdong, Guangxi, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan); Tibet; Taiwan; Nepal; India (Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Manipur, Meghalaya, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal); Sri Lanka; Thailand; Cambodia; Vietnam; peninsular Malaysia; Sumatra; Borneo; Philippines (Luzon, Mindanao); Java; New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea); Australia [I] (South Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); New Zealand [I]; Auckland Isl. [I]; Hawaii [I] (Molokai [I], Maui [I], Hawaii Isl. [I]); Alaska; Canada (British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Isl., Québec); St. Pierre et Miquelon; USA (Idaho, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Oregon, Washington State, Wisconsin); Mexico (Aguascalientes, Baja California Norte, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Colima, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Zacatecas); Guatemala; El Salvador; Honduras; Nicaragua; Costa Rica; Haiti; Guadeloupe; Colombia (Antioquia, Boyacá, Caldas, Cauca, Cundinamarca, Huila, La Guajira, Magdalena, Nariño, Norte de Santander, Putumayo, Quindío, Risaralda, Santander, Tolima); Venezuela (Aragua, Barinas, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Lara, Merida, Miranda, Tachira, Trujillo, Zulia); Ecuador; Peru; Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz, Santa Cruz, Tarija); SE-Brazil; S-Brazil (Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina); Uruguay (Cerro Largo); Argentina (Catamarca, Rio Negro, Salta, Tierra del Fuego, Tucuman); Chile (Maule, Ñuble, Biobío, Araucanía, Los Rios, Los Lagos, Aisén); Marion Isl.; Falkland Isl. [I]; Tristan da Cunha [I]
10 DEN FIN FOR GRB IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 ADO CIS COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MLT MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SMA SRB TUE 14 BLR EST KRY LAT LIT RUS UKR 20 ALG MOR TUN 21 AZO 28 sth 30 SIB 32 KAZ 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG EAI IRN IRQ LEB SIN SYR TUR 35 SAU 36 CHI TIB 38 TAI 40 IND NEP SRL 41 CBD THA VIE 42 BOR JAW MLY NWG PHI SUM 50 aus 51 auc nzl 63 haw 70 ASK 71 CDN 72 CDN SPM 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 79 MEX 80 COS ELS GUA HON NIC 81 GDL HIS 82 CLM VEN 83 BOL ECU PER 84 BRA 85 ARG CLE URU 91 fal MPE tdc
Remarks: subgen. 2 Agathryon, sect. 3 Juncotypus
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon effusum (L.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 36 (2023)
= Juncus bogotensis Kunth; Nov. Gen. Sp. [H. B. K.] 1: 235 (1816)
= Juncus bogotensis var. compactus (Hoppe ex Mert. & W.D.J.Koch) Farw.; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 10: 206 (1927)
= Juncus communis proles effusus (L.) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 13: 224 (1912), nom. illeg.
= Juncus communis E.Mey.; Junc. Gen. Monogr. Spec.: 20 (1819), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Juncus communis subsp. effusus (L.) Celak.; Prodr. Fl. Böhmen 1: 80 (1867), nom. inval.
= Juncus communis subsp. effusus Bonnier & Layens; Tabl. Syn. Pl. Vasc. France: 319 (1894), nom. illeg.
= Juncus communis var. effusus (L.) E.Mey.; Junc. Gen. Monogr. Spec.: 22 (1819)
= Juncus communis var. effusus (L.) Schltdl.; 196 (1823), isonym
= Juncus communis var. parviflorus (Lej. & Courtois) Rouy; G. Rouy & J. Foucaud, Fl. France 13: 225 (1912)
= Juncus communis var. pauciflorus (Lej. & Courtois) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 13: 225 (1912)
= Juncus communis var. subglomeratus (DC.) Boenn.; Prodr. Fl. Monast. Westphal.: 101 (1824)
= Juncus conglomeratus unranked laxus G.Mey.; Chloris Han.: 563 (1836)
= Juncus conglomeratus var. effusus (L.) Kostel.; Clav. Anal. Fl. Bohem.: 52 (1824)
= Juncus effusus Abart compactus Hoppe ex Mert. & W.D.J.Koch; Deutschl. Fl. 3rd edn 2: 574 (1826)
= Juncus effusus unranked atratus Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 443 (1904)
= Juncus effusus unranked compactus Cout.; Bol. Soc. Brot. 8: 93 (1890), nom. illeg.
= Juncus effusus unranked compactus Hoppe ex Mert. & W.D.J.Koch; J. C. Röhling, Deutschl. Fl., ed. 3, 2: 574 (1826)
= Juncus effusus unranked elatus Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 444 (1904)
= Juncus effusus unranked pauciflorus (Lej. & Courtois) Asch. & Graebn.; Fl. Nordostdeutsch. Flachl. 173 (1898)
= Juncus effusus f. compactus Cout.; Bol. Soc. Brot. 8: 93 (1890), nom. illeg
= Juncus effusus f. conglomeratus (Bosch) Neuman; 654 (1901)
= Juncus effusus f. pauciflorus (Michel ex Lej. & Courtois) C.W.Christ.; J. A. Christ. & al., 294 (1922)
= Juncus effusus f. prolifer (Sond.) Hegi; Ill. Fl. Mitt.-Eur. 2: 152 (1909)
= Juncus effusus f. vittatus Hegi; 152 (1909)
= Juncus effusus f. zebrinus (André) Hegi; Ill. Fl. Mitt.-Eur. 2: 152 (1909)
= Juncus effusus pauciflorus (Lej. & Courtois) Asch. & Graebn.; Fl. Nordostdeut. Flachl.: 173 (1898)
= Juncus effusus pauciflorus (Lej. & Courtois) Reichg.; S. J. van Ooststroom & al., Fl. Neerl. 6(1): 180 (1964)
= Juncus effusus subsp. fistulosus (Guss.) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 178 (1890)
= Juncus effusus var. compactus (Hoppe ex Mert. & W.D.J.Koch) Wimm. & Grab.; Fl. Siles. 1: 331 (1827)
= Juncus effusus var. compactus (Hoppe ex Mert. & W.D.J.Koch) Lej. & Courtois; Comp. Fl. Belg. 2: 23 (1831)
= Juncus effusus var. compactus Hoppe ex Mert. & W.D.J.Koch; 574 (1826)
= Juncus effusus var. conglomeratus Bosch; 277 (1850)
= Juncus effusus var. dasyanthelus K.Koch; Linnaea 21: 626 (1848)
= Juncus effusus var. elatus (Asch. & Graebn.) I.Grint.; Savul., Fl. Republ. Popul. Române 11: 548 (1966)
= Juncus effusus var. fistulosus (Guss.) Buchenau; Krit. Verz. Juncac.: 20 (1880)
= Juncus effusus var. longibracteatus A.Fern. & R.Fern.; Anuário Soc. Brot. 15: 14 (1949)
= Juncus effusus var. macranthelus K.Koch; Linnaea 21: 626 (1848)
= Juncus effusus var. oblongicarpus Vayr.; Cavanillesia 4: 60 (1931), nom. nud.
= Juncus effusus var. pauciflorus Michel ex Lej. & Courtois; Comp. Fl. Belg. 2: 23 (1831)
= Juncus effusus var. prolifer Sond.; Fl. Hamburg.: 191 (1851)
= Juncus effusus var. subglomeratus DC.; Lam. & A. P. DC., Fl. Franç., ed. 3, 3: 165 (1805)
= Juncus fistulosus Guss.; Index Seminum (Boccadifalco) 1826: 5 (1826)
= Juncus laevis var. diffusus Wallr.; Sched. Crit. 1: 143 (1822)
= Juncus laevis var. effusus (L.) Wallr.; Sched. Crit. 1: 143 (1822), nom. inval.
= Juncus laevis Wallr.; Sched. Crit. 142 (1822), nom. illeg., pro parte
= Juncus lucens Burnham; Trans. Linn. Soc. London 19: 492 (1845)
= Juncus luxurians Colenso; Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 19: 269 (1887)
= Juncus mauritianus Bojer; Hortus Maurit.: 360 (1837), nom. inval.
= Juncus zebrinus André; Ill. Hort. 27: 393 (1880)
subspecies :
subsp. austrocalifornicus Lint; Brittonia 55: 152 (2003)
Distribution: USA (SW-California); Mexico (Baja California Norte: Sierra San Pedro Martír)
76 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon effusum subsp. austrocalifornicum (Lint) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 36 (2023)
subspecies :
subsp. laxus (Robyns & Tournay) Snogerup; Preslia 74: 259 (2002)
Distribution: Madeira (Madeira Isl.); Canary Isl. (La Palma, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera); D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Rwanda; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; Zimbabwe; South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Lesotho; Madagascar; Mauritius
21 CNY MDR 23 RWA ZAI 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 ZIM 27 LES SAF 29 MAU MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon effusum subsp. laxum (Robyns & Tournay) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 36 (2023)
= Juncus canariensis Willd. ex E.Mey.; Syn. Luzul.: 29 (1823)
= Juncus effusus unranked laxiflorus Cout.; Bol. Soc. Brot. 8: 93 (1890)
= Juncus effusus var. canariensis (Willd. ex E.Mey.) Buchenau; Krit. Verz. Juncac.: 11 (1880)
= Juncus laxus Robyns & Tournay; Bull. Jard. Bot. État Bruxelles 25: 252 (1955)
= Juncus oehleri Graebn.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 48: 506 (1913)
subspecies :
subsp. pacificus (Fernald & Wiegand) Piper & Beattie; Fl. N. W. Coast: 88 (1915)
Name: Pacific rush (EN)
Distribution: Alaska; USA (Arizona, California, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Oregon, Washington State)
70 ASK 73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon effusum subsp. pacificum (Fernald & Wiegand) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 36 (2023)
= Juncus effusus var. caeruleomontanus H.St.John; Res. Stud. State Coll. Wash. 2: 110 (1931)
= Juncus effusus var. pacificus Fernald & Wiegand; Rhodora 12: 89 (1910)
subspecies :
subsp. solutus (Fernald & Wiegand) Hämet-Ahti; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 17(2): 188 (1980)
Name: Lamp rush (EN)
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Colorado, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, Vermont, Wisconsin, West Virginia)
73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon effusum subsp. solutum (Fernald & Wiegand) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 36 (2023)
= Juncus bogotensis var. solutus (Fernald & Wiegand) Farw.; Pap. Michigan Acad. Sci. 23: 127 (1938)
= Juncus effusus var. solutus Fernald & Wiegand; Rhodora 12: 90 (1910)
= Juncus griscomii Fernald; Rhodora 38: 41 (1936)
species :
Juncus elbrusicus Galushko; Novit. Syst. Pl. Vasc., Acad. Sci. URSS 6: 212 (1970)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus
33 NCS
Remarks: subgen. Alpinojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Alpinojuncus elbrusicus (Galushko) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 26 (2023)
species :
Juncus elliottii Chapm.; Fl. S. U. St. 494 (1860)
Name: Elliott´s rush (EN)
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, New Jersey, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia)
75 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Remarks: subgen. Verojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus elliottii var. polyanthemus C.Mohr; Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 6: 435 (1901)
= Verojuncus elliottii (Chapm.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 31 (2023)
species :
Juncus emmanuelis A.Fern. & García; Bot. Soc. Brot. ser. 2, 21: 6 (1947)
Distribution: C- & S-Portugal; SW-Spain
12 POR SPA
Remarks: subgen. Verojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus emmanuelis var. inflatifolius A.Fern. & J.G.García; Mem. Soc. Brot. 4: 32 (1948)
= Verojuncus emmanuelis (A.Fern. & J.G.GarcÃa) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 31 (2023)
species :
Juncus engleri Buchenau; Engl. Pflanzenreich, Juncac. 248 (1906)
Distribution: NE-Tanzania (Usambara Mts., Pare Mts.)
25 TAN
Remarks: subgen. Australojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Australojuncus engleri (Buchenau) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 25 (2023)
species :
Juncus ensifolius Wikstr.; Kungl. Svenska Vet.-Akad. Handl. 1823: 274 (1823)
Name: Schwertblättrige Binse (DE), Swordleaf rush (EN)
Distribution: Sweden [I]; Finland [I]; Netherlands [I]; Belgium [I]; Germany [I]; Austria [I]; Russian Far East (Kuril Isl.); Georgia [Caucasus] [I] (Adzharia [I]); Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu); New Zealand [I]; Hawaii [I] (Maui [I], Hawaii Isl. [I]); Alaska; Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Ontario, Québec, Saskatchewan); USA (Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, North Dakota, Nevada, New York, Oregon, South Dakota, Utah, Washington State, Wisconsin, Wyoming); Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila, San Luis Potosi, Sonora, Veracruz)
10 fin swe 11 aut bgm ger net 31 RFE 33 geo 38 JAP 51 nzl 63 haw 70 ASK 71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 79 MEX
Remarks: subgen. Verojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus ensifolius var. major E.Mey.; Linnaea 3: 373 (1828)
= Juncus ensifolius var. major Hook.; Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 191 (1840), nom. illeg.
= Juncus novikovii A.P.Khokhr.; Byull. Glavn. Bot. Sada 172: 25 (1995)
= Juncus oligocephalus Satake & Ohwi; Acta Phytotax. & Geobot. 2: 104 (1933)
= Juncus xiphioides var. macranthus Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 2: 482 (1868)
= Juncus xiphioides var. triandrus Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 2: 482 (1868)
= Verojuncus ensifolius (Wikstr.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 29 (2023)
species :
Juncus equisetinus Proskur.; Byull. Mosk. Obshch. Ispyt. Prir., Biol. 80(2): 117 (1975)
Distribution: Turkmenistan
32 TKM
Remarks: subgen. Verojuncus. An imperfectly studied taxon, related to J. subnodulosus and J. punctorius
Synonyms: hidden
= Verojuncus equisetinus (Proskur.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 31 (2023)
species :
Juncus ernesti-barrosi Barros; Darwiniana 10: 433 (1953)
Distribution: S-Argentina; Chile (Biobío)
85 ARG CLE
Remarks: subgen. Verojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Verojuncus ernesti-barrosi (Barros) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 31 (2023)
species :
Juncus exiguus (Fernald & Wiegand) Lint ex Snogerup & Zika; Preslia 74: 260 (2002)
Distribution: USA (N-California, S-Oregon, ?S-Arizona)
73 USA 76 USA
Remarks: subgen. 2 Agathryon, sect. 3 Juncotypus
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon exiguum (Fernald & Wiegand) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 36 (2023)
= Juncus effusus var. exiguus Fernald & Wiegand; Rhodora 12: 87 (1910)
species :
Juncus exsertus Buchenau; Bremen, Abh. 4: 435 (1875)
Distribution: Zambia; Zimbabwe; Namibia; South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, N-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Lesotho; Eswatini [Swaziland]
26 ZAM ZIM 27 LES NAM SAF SWZ
Remarks: subgen. Verojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus exsertus subsp. lesuticus B.L.Burtt; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 45(2): 191 (1988 publ. 1989)
= Juncus rostratus Buchenau; Bremen, Abh. 4: 437 (1875)
= Verojuncus exsertus (Buchenau) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 31 (2023)
species :
Juncus falcatus E.Mey.; Syn. Luzul. 34 (1823)
subspecies :
subsp. falcatus
Name: Falcate rush (EN)
Distribution: Australia (New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania); USA (California)
50 AUS 76 USA
Remarks: subgen. Boreojuncus. Reports from Japan refer to the closely related J. prominens
Synonyms: hidden
= Boreojuncus falcatus (E.Mey.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 24 (2023)
= Juncus agrostophyllus F.Muell.; Linnaea 26: 1853 (1855) 245
= Juncus menziesii R.Br. ex Hook.; Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 192 (1838)
= Juncus tasmanicus Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 2: 453 (1868)
subspecies :
subsp. sitchensis (Buchenau) Hultén; Acta Univ. Lund., n. s. 39(2): 427 (1943)
Distribution: Alaska; Aleutes; Canada (British Columbia); USA (Oregon, Washington State)
70 ASK 71 CDN 73 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Boreojuncus falcatus subsp. sitchensis (Buchenau) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 24 (2023)
= Juncus falcatus var. alaskensis Coville; Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 3: 347 (1896)
= Juncus falcatus var. sitchensis Buchenau; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 12: 428 (1890)
species :
Juncus fascinatus (M.C.Johnst.) W.M.Knapp; Phytotaxa 174(5): 256 (2014)
Distribution: USA (Texas)
77 USA
Remarks: subgen. Verojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus crassifolius var. fascinatus (M.C.Johnst.) Waterf.; Rhodora 73: 552 (1972)
= Juncus validus var. fascinatus M.C.Johnst.; S. W. Naturalist 9: 313 (1968)
= Verojuncus fascinatus (M.C.Johnst.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 31 (2023)
= Verojuncus validus var. fascinatus (M.C.Johnst.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 33 (2023)
species :
Juncus fauriei H.Lév. & Vaniot; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 51: 292 (1904)
Distribution: Russian Far East (Kuril Isl.); South Korea; Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu)
31 RFE 38 JAP KOR
Remarks: subgen. 2 Agathryon, sect. 3 Juncotypus
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon fauriei (H.Lév. & Vaniot) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 36 (2023)
= Juncus balticus var. japonicus Buchenau; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 12: 215 (1890)
= Juncus glaucus var. yokoscensis Franch. & Sav.; Enum. Pl. Jap. 2: 97 (1879)
= Juncus yokoscensis (Franch. & Sav.) Satake; Nov. Fl. Jap. 1: 25 (1938), nom. superfl
= Juncus yokoscensis var. laxus Satake; Nov. Fl. Jap. 1: 25 (1938)
species :
Juncus fauriensis Buchenau; Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 3: 127 (1901)
subspecies :
subsp. fauriensis
Distribution: Russian Far East (Kuril Isl.); Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu)
31 RFE 38 JAP
Remarks: subgen. Verojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus fauriensis var. iwatensis Satake; J. Fac. Sci. Univ. Tokyo, Sect. 3, Bot. 4(2): 183 (1933)
= Juncus tokubuchii Miyabe & Kudô; Trans. Sapporo Nat. Hist. Soc. 8: 2 (1921)
= Verojuncus fauriensis (Buchenau) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 31 (2023)
subspecies :
subsp. kamschatcensis (Buchenau) Novikov; Byull. Moskovsk. Obshch. Isp. Prir., Otd. Biol. 95(5): 120 (1990)
Distribution: Russian Far East (Kuril Isl., Kamchatka, Sakhalin); Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu)
31 RFE 38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus fauriensis var. kamschatcensis Buchenau; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV 36: 159 (1906)
= Juncus kamschatcensis (Buchenau) Kudô; J. Coll. Agric. Hokkaido Imp. Univ. 11: 88 (1922)
= Verojuncus fauriensis subsp. kamschatcensis (Buchenau) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 31 (2023)
species :
Juncus fernandez-carvajaliae Romero Zarco & Arán; Nordic J. Bot. 31(2): 190 (2013)
Distribution: Spain (Castilla-La Mancha)
12 SPA
Remarks: subgen. 2 Agathryon, sect. 1 Tenageia
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon fernandez-carvajaliae (Romero Zarco & Arán) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 33 (2023)
species :
Juncus filicaulis Buchenau ex Maiden & Betche; Proc. Linn. Soc. N. S. Wales 28: 912 (1904)
Distribution: Australia (New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania); New Zealand [I]
50 AUS 51 nzl
Remarks: subgen. 2 Agathryon, sect. 3 Juncotypus
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon filicaule (Buchenau ex Maiden & Betche) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 38 (2023)
= Juncus pauciflorus var. cheesemanii Buchenau; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 12: 239 (1890)
= Juncus polyanthemus var. cheesemanii (Buchenau) Buchenau; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 21: 262 (1895)
species :
Juncus filiformis L.; Sp. Pl. 1: 326 (1753)
Name: Faden-Binse (DE), Thread rush (EN)
Distribution: Iceland; England; Denmark; Norway; Sweden; Finland; Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; N-Spain; Andorra; France; Italy; Sicily; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; ?Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; ?North Macedonia; Romania; Bulgaria; Greece; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; C-European Russia; N-European Russia; W-European Russia; Ukraine; Siberia (Altai, Buryatia, Chita, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva, W-Siberia, Yakutia); Russian Far East (Kamchatka, Khabarovsk, Kuril Isl., Magadan, Primorye, Sakhalin); Kazakhstan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (NE-Anatolia); China (Heilongjiang, Liaoning, Jilin, Xinjiang); Mongolia; Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu); Alaska; Greenland; Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Labrador, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Northern Territories, Nunavut, Ontario, Prince Edward Isl., Québec, Saskatchewan, Yukon); St. Pierre et Miquelon; USA (Colorado, Idaho, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Mexico, New York, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Utah, Vermont, Washington State, Wisconsin, West Virginia, Wyoming); Chile [I] (Valparaíso [I], Metropolitana de Santiago [I], Maule [I]); South Georgia Isl. [I]
10 DEN FIN GRB ICE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 ADO FRA SPA 13 BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS ROM SIC SLV SRB 14 BLR EST LAT LIT RUS UKR 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 TUR 36 CHI 37 MON 38 JAP 70 ASK CDN GNL 71 CDN 72 CDN SPM 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 85 cle 91 sge
Remarks: subgen. 2 Agathryon, sect. 3 Juncotypus
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon filiforme (L.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 36 (2023)
= Juncus balticus f. pusillus (Fr.) Neuman; Sver. Fl.: 655 (1901)
= Juncus filiformis lusus prolifer Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 441 (1904)
= Juncus filiformis unranked transsilvanicus (Schur) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 441 (1904)
= Juncus filiformis f. flaccidus Borza & Nyár.; Bul. Grad. Bot. Univ. Cluj 19: 32 (1939), nom. illeg.
= Juncus filiformis f. flaccidus Zapal.; Consp. Fl. Galic. 1: 132 (1906)
= Juncus filiformis f. prostratus Freiberg; Bemerk. Cyper. Junc. Exs.: 10 (1911)
= Juncus filiformis f. pusillus (Fr.) Neuman; Sver. Fl.: 655 (1901)
= Juncus filiformis var. aphyllus E.Mey.; Syn. Junc.: 17 (1822), nom. inval.
= Juncus filiformis var. flaccidus Zapal.; 96 (1906)
= Juncus filiformis var. foliatus E.Mey.; Syn. Junc.: 17 (1822), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Juncus filiformis var. foliatus W.D.J.Koch; 728 (1837)
= Juncus filiformis var. kulczynskii Racib.; Spraw. Komis. Fizjogr. 22(2): 11 (1888)
= Juncus filiformis var. pluriflorus Krylov; Fl. Alt. 6: 1411 (1912)
= Juncus filiformis var. pusillus Fr.; Novit. Fl. Svec.: 31 (1814)
= Juncus filiformis var. transsilvanicus (Schur) Buchenau; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV 36: 127 (1906)
= Juncus transsilvanicus Schur; Verh. Mitth. Siebenbürg. Vereins Naturwiss. Hermannstadt 2: 169 (1852), nom. inval.
= Juncus trichodes Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 306 (1855)
species :
Juncus filipendulus Buckley; Proc. Acad. Sci. Philad. 1862 (1863) 8
Name: Ringseed rush (EN)
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Oklahoma, Tennessee, Texas)
74 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Remarks: subgen. Boreojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Boreojuncus filipendulus (Buckley) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 24 (2023)
= Juncus buckleyi Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 2: 459 (1868)
= Juncus leptocaulis Torr. & A.Gray ex Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 2: 454 (1866), nom. illeg
species :
Juncus fimbristyloides Noltie; Edinburgh J. Bot. 55(1): 39 (1998)
Distribution: China (Yunnan)
36 CHI
Remarks: subgen. Alpinojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Alpinojuncus fimbristyloides (Noltie) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 27 (2023)
species :
Juncus firmus L.A.S.Johnson; Telopea 5(2): 311 (1993)
Distribution: Australia (New South Wales, Queensland)
50 AUS
Remarks: subgen. 2 Agathryon, sect. 3 Juncotypus
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon firmum (L.A.S.Johnson) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 38 (2023)
species :
Juncus flavidus L.A.S.Johnson; J. M. Black, Fl. S. Austr., ed. 3, 1: 325 (1978)
Distribution: Australia (South Australia, Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, Western Australia); New Zealand [I]; Kermadec Isl. [I]
50 AUS 51 ker nzl
Remarks: subgen. 2 Agathryon, sect. 3 Juncotypus
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon flavidum (L.A.S.Johnson) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 38 (2023)
species :
Juncus fockei Buchenau; Bot. Jahrb. 2: 358 (1890)
Distribution: Australia (New South Wales, Queensland, Tasmania, Victoria); New Zealand [I]
50 AUS 51 nzl
Remarks: subgen. Verojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Verojuncus fockei (Buchenau) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 31 (2023)
species :
Juncus foliosus Desf.; Fl. Atl. 1: 315 (1798)
Distribution: England; Ireland; Denmark; Norway; Germany [I]; Portugal; Spain; Channel Isl.; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Greece; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Madeira [I] (Madeira Isl. [I], Porto Santo Isl. [I])
10 DEN GRB IRE NOR 11 ger 12 CIS COR POR SAR SPA 13 GRC ITA SIC 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN 21 mdr
Remarks: subgen. 2 Agathryon, sect. 1 Tenageia; bufonius agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon foliosum (Desf.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 33 (2023)
= Juncus bufonius subsp. foliosus (Desf.) Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital.: 718 (1882)
= Juncus bufonius subsp. foliosus (Desf.) K.Richt.; 176 (1890), isonym
= Juncus bufonius subsp. rhiphaenus (Pau & Font Quer) Ibn Tattou; Bocconea 8: 206 (1998)
= Juncus bufonius var. flaccidus Maire; Fl. Afrique N. 4: 264 (1957), nom. inval.
= Juncus bufonius var. foliosus (Desf.) Buchenau; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 7: 157 (1885), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Juncus bufonius var. jadarensis Bryhn; Nyt Mag. Naturvidensk. 22: 282 (1876)
= Juncus bufonius var. major Boiss.; Voy. Bot. Espagne 2: 624 (1841)
= Juncus bufonius var. rhiphaenus (Pau & Font Quer) Maire & Weiller; Fl. Afrique N. 4: 264 (1957)
= Juncus rhiphaenus Pau & Font Quer; Cavanillesia 3: 77 (1930), nomen, et ex Font Quer, Iter Marocc., No. 64 (1929 publ. 1930)
= Juncus rifeus Pau & Font Quer ex Sennen & Mauricio; Cat. Fl. Rif Or. 122 (1933), nomen
= Juncus tenageia var. rhiphaenus (Pau & Font Quer) Maire; Cavanillesia 4: 97 (1931)
species :
Juncus fominii Zoz; Sympos. Mem. Fomin (Acad. Sci. Ukraine) 51 (1938)
Distribution: Ukraine; Crimea; Northern Caucasus
14 KRY UKR 33 NCS
Remarks: provisionally accepted name, status unverified
species :
Juncus fontanesii Gay; Laharpe, Mém. Soc. Hist. Nat. Paris 3: 130 (1827)
subspecies :
subsp. fontanesii
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; Baleares (Mallorca, Menorca, Ibiza); France; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; San Marino; Croatia; ?Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; ?North Macedonia; Albania; European Turkey; Greece; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt (Desert Oases, Great Southwestern Desert, Nile Delta, NW-coastal Egypt); Northern Caucasus; Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia); Iran (NE-Iran: Mts., W-Iran); Cyprus (C-Mountains, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, C-Syrian Desert, Jazira, NW-Syria, Jbel Druze); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Saudi Arabia (Asir); Yemen (W-Yemen); Pakistan (Baluchistan); Australia [I] (Victoria [I])
12 BAL FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB CRO GRC ITA MNT SIC SMA TUE 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 33 NCS 34 CYP IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR 35 SAU YEM 40 PAK 50 aus
Remarks: subgen. Verojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus articulatus subsp. fontanesii (J.Gay) Bonnier & Layens; Tabl. Syn. Pl. Vasc. France: 321 (1894)
= Juncus duvalii Loret; Fl. Montpellier: 685 (1875)
= Juncus fontanesii var. distortus Lojac.; Fl. Sicul. 3: 159 (1909)
= Juncus fontanesii var. lagenarius (J.Gay ex Laharpe) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 747 (1882)
= Juncus hochstetteri Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 299 (1855)
= Juncus lagenarius J.Gay ex Laharpe; Mem. Soc. Hist. Nat. Par. 3: 130 (1827)
= Juncus nebrodensis Lojac.; Fl. Sicul. 3: 161 (1909)
= Juncus pisuergae P.Monts.; Anales Inst. Bot. Cavanilles 10(2): 458 (1952)
= Juncus repens Req.; Descr. Font. Vaucluse, ed. 2: 253 (1813), nom. illeg.
= Juncus stellatus Willd. ex Kunth; Enum. Pl. 3: 329 (1841), nom. inval.
= Juncus striatus subsp. lagenarius (J.Gay ex Laharpe) Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital.: 716 (1882)
= Juncus striatus var. diffusus Lange; Willk. & Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 1: 184 (1861)
= Juncus striatus var. hochstetteri (Steud.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 747 (1882)
= Juncus striatus var. lagenarius (J.Gay ex Laharpe) Parl.; Fl. Ital. 2: 344 (1857)
= Juncus striatus var. pauciflorus Tineo ex Parl.; Fl. Ital. 2: 344 (1852)
= Juncus webbianus V.I.Krecz.; Izv. Bot. Sada Akad. Nauk SSSR. 30: 98 (1932)
= Verojuncus fontanesii (J.Gay ex Laharpe) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 31 (2023)
subspecies :
subsp. brachyanthus Trab.; J. A. Batt. & al., Fl. Algérie, Monocot.: 86 (1895)
Distribution: Morocco; Algeria
20 ALG MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus brachyanthus (Trab.) T.Durand & B.D.Jacks.; Index Kew., Suppl. 1: 230 (1906), nom. inval.
= Juncus fontanesii var. melanocephalus Trab.; M. L. Emb., Pl. Marocc. Nov. 1: n. v. (1923)
= Verojuncus fontanesii subsp. brachyanthus (Trab.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 31 (2023)
subspecies :
subsp. kotschyi (Boiss.) Snogerup; Fl. Iran. 75: 25 (1971)
Distribution: Turkmenistan; Iraq; Iran; Afghanistan (Badghys, Herat, Paktia / Khost); Pakistan
32 TKM 34 AFG IRN IRQ 40 PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus amanus V.I.Krecz.; Bull. Jard. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS 30: 99 (1931 publ. 1932)
= Juncus fontanesii var. kotschyi (Boiss) Buchenau; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 12: 329 (1890)
= Juncus kotschyi Boiss.; Exsicc. (Pl. Pers. Austr.) 1845: 446 (1845)
= Juncus kotschyi var. amanus (V.I.Krecz.) Novikov; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 15: 90 (1979)
= Juncus pyramidatus var. kotschyi (Boiss) Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 5: 360 (1882)
= Verojuncus fontanesii subsp. kotschyi (Boiss.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 31 (2023)
subspecies :
subsp. pyramidatus (Laharpe) Snogerup; Rech.f., Fl. Iran. 75: 25 (1971)
Distribution: Italy; Sicily; Greece; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt; Turkey; Iraq; Cyprus; Lebanon; Syria; Palestine; Sinai peninsula; Saudi Arabia; Yemen
13 GRC ITA SIC 20 EGY LBY TUN 34 CYP IRQ LEB PAL SIN SYR TUR 35 SAU YEM
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus camptotropus V.I.Krecz.; Izv. Bot. Sada Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R. 30: 98 (1931 publ. 1932)
= Juncus fontanesii var. pyramidatus (Laharpe) Buchenau; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 1: 140 (1880)
= Juncus pyramidatus Laharpe; Essai Monogr. Jonc.: 40 (1825)
= Verojuncus fontanesii subsp. pyramidatus (Laharpe) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 31 (2023)
species :
Juncus fugongensis S.Y.Bao; Fl. Yunnanica 15: 804 (2003)
Distribution: China (Yunnan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Alpinojuncus fugongensis (S.Y.Bao) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 27 (2023)
species :
Juncus ganeshii Miyam. & H.Ohba; J. Jap. Bot. 70(5): 245 (1995)
Distribution: Nepal
40 NEP
Remarks: subgen. Alpinojuncus. Known only from type collection
Synonyms: hidden
= Alpinojuncus ganeshii (Miyam. & H.Ohba) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 27 (2023)
species :
Juncus georgianus Coville; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 22: 44 (1895)
Name: Georgia rush (EN)
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina)
78 USA
Remarks: subgen. 2 Agathryon, sect. 2 Steirochloa
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon georgianum (Coville) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 34 (2023)
species :
Juncus gerardi Loisel.; Desv., Jour. Bot. Rédigé 2: 284 (1809)
subspecies :
subsp. gerardi
Name: Saltmeadow rush (EN), Salz-Binse (DE)
Distribution: England; Ireland; Denmark; Norway; Sweden; Finland; Netherlands; Belgium; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, +Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, +Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, +Saarland, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; France; Channel Isl.; Corsica; ?Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; N-European Russia; W-European Russia; Ukraine; Crimea; Morocco; Algeria; Siberia (Altai, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva, W-Siberia); Russian Far East [I] (Magadan [I], Primorye [I]); Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl.; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, NW-Iran: Iranian Azerbaijan, W-Iran); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert); Mongolia; ?Pakistan (?Baluchistan); Australia [I] (Victoria [I]); New Zealand [I]; Greenland; Canada (British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Isl., Québec); St. Pierre et Miquelon; USA (Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, North Dakota, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Utah, Virginia, Vermont, Washington State, Wisconsin, Wyoming)
10 DEN FIN GRB IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN NET POL SLO 12 CIS COR FRA POR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SRB TUE 14 BLR EST KRY LAT LIT RUS UKR 20 ALG MOR 30 SIB 31 rfe 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 EAI IRN IRQ LEB SYR TUR 37 MON 50 aus 51 nzl 70 GNL 71 CDN 72 CDN SPM 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 78 USA
Remarks: subgen. 2 Agathryon, sect. 2 Steirochloa; compressus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon gerardi (Loisel.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 34 (2023), as ´gerardii´
= Juncus attenuatus Viv.; Fl. Cors. Sp. Nov. 5 (1824)
= Juncus bulbosus subsp. coenosus (Bicheno) Uechtr.; 91 (1832)
= Juncus bulbosus subsp. gerardi (Loisel.) Syme; 37 (1870)
= Juncus bulbosus var. gerardi (Loisel.) A.Gray; Manual, ed. 2: 483 (1856)
= Juncus bulbosus var. lychnocarpus Wallr.; Sched. Crit. 1: 146 (1822)
= Juncus bulbosus var. phaeocarpus Wallr.; Sched. Crit. 1: 146 (1822)
= Juncus bulbosus var. salinus Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 687 (1866)
= Juncus coenosus Bicheno; Trans. Linn. Soc. London 12: 309 (1818)
= Juncus compressus subsp. elatior (Lange) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 749 (1882)
= Juncus compressus subsp. gerardi (Loisel.) Hartm.; Sv. Norsk. Exc.-Fl.: 48 (1846)
= Juncus compressus var. ellipsoideus Neilr.; Fl. Nied.-Oesterr. 1: 149 (1859)
= Juncus compressus var. gerardi (Loisel.) T.Marsson; 458 (1869)
= Juncus compressus var. macrocarpus Sennen; Bol. Soc. Aragonesa Ci. Nat. 11: 246 (1912)
= Juncus consanguineus Ziz; Koch & Ziz, Cat. 8, 19 (1814)
= Juncus elatior Lange; Vidensk. Meddel. Naturhist. Foren. Kjøbenhavn (1860) 67
= Juncus floridanus Raf.; Autik. Bot.: 194 (1840)
= Juncus fucensis H.St.John; Rep. Prov. Mus. Nat. Hist. 1927: 14 (1927)
= Juncus gerardi unranked chaucorum Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 432 (1904)
= Juncus gerardi unranked maximus Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 432 (1904)
= Juncus gerardi unranked pallidus Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 432 (1904)
= Juncus gerardi f. chaucorum (Asch. & Graebn.) Seeland; 106 (1940)
= Juncus gerardi var. attenuatus (Viv.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 749 (1882)
= Juncus gerardi var. congestus Döll; 177 (1843)
= Juncus gerardi var. maximus Asch. & Graebn.; 432 (1904)
= Juncus gerardi var. pedicellatus Fernald; Rhodora 22: 76 (1920)
= Juncus gerardi var. pygmaeus Jaap; 29 (1902)
= Juncus gerardi var. sparsiflorus H.Mort. ex Lange; Bot. Tidsskr. 3: 79 (1869)
= Juncus gerardi var. ubsunuricus Novikov; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 24: 64 (1987)
= Juncus gramineus var. coenosus (Bicheno) Dumort.; Fl. Belg.: 142 (1827), nom. inval.
= Juncus lesbiacus P.Candargy; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 44: 180 (1897)
= Juncus nitidiflorus Dufour; Ann. Sci. Nat. Ser. I. 5: 86 (1825)
= Tenageia gerardi (Loisel.) Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, n. s. 17: 172 (1869)
subspecies :
subsp. atrofuscus (Rupr.) Printz; Veg. Siber.-Mong. Front. 177 (1921)
Distribution: Norway; Finland; N-European Russia
10 FIN NOR 14 RUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon gerardi subsp. atrofuscum (Rupr.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 34 (2023), as ´gerardii´
= Juncus atrofuscus Rupr.; Beitr. Pflanzenk. Russ. Reiches 2: 59 (1845)
= Juncus bottnicus Wahlenb.; Fl. Lapp.: 32 (1812)
= Juncus bulbosus var. atrofuscus (Rupr.) Regel; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 41(4): 172 (1868)
= Juncus bulbosus var. bottnicus (Wahlenb.) Hartm.; Handb. Skand. Fl.: 142 (1820)
= Juncus gerardi var. atrofuscus (Rupr.) Trautv.; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 40(2): 110 (1867)
subspecies :
subsp. montanus Snogerup; Bot. Not. 131: 185 (1978)
Distribution: Spain; N-Morocco
12 SPA 20 MOR
Remarks: often included in the nominate subspecies
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon gerardi subsp. montanum (Snogerup) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 34 (2023), as ´gerardii´
= Juncus gerardi var. cristoflei Litard. & Maire; M. L. Emb., Pl. Marocc. Nov.: 172 (1930)
species :
Juncus giganteus Sam.; Acta Horti Gothob. 3(3): 70 (1927)
Distribution: China (Sichuan, Gansu); Tibet
36 CHI TIB
Remarks: subgen. Alpinojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Alpinojuncus giganteus (Sam.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 27 (2023)
= Juncus exploratorum E.H.Walker; Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 28: 600 (1941)
= Juncus tibeticus T.V.Egorova; Rast. Tsentral. Azii 3: 96 (1967)
species :
Juncus glaucoturgidus Noltie; Edinburgh J. Bot. 51(2): 132 (1994)
Distribution: China (Sichuan, Yunnan); Tibet; Nepal; Bhutan; India (Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal); Myanmar
36 CHI TIB 40 BHU IND NEP 41 MYA
Remarks: subgen. Alpinojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Alpinojuncus glaucoturgidus (Noltie) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 27 (2023)
species :
Juncus gonggae Miyam. & H.Ohba; J. Jap. Bot. 72(3): 162 (1997)
Distribution: China (Sichuan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Alpinojuncus gonggae (Miyam. & H.Ohba) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 27 (2023)
species :
Juncus gracilicaulis A.Camus; Notul. Syst. (Paris) 1: 279 (1910)
Distribution: C-China; Nepal; Bhutan; N-India (Sikkim)
36 CHI 40 BHU IND NEP
Remarks: subgen. Alpinojuncus. Often included in J. grisebachii
Synonyms: hidden
= Alpinojuncus gracilicaulis (A.Camus) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 27 (2023)
= Juncus concinnus var. gracilicaulis (A.Camus) R.C.Srivast.; Novon 8(2): 203 (1998)
species :
Juncus gracillimus (Buchenau) V.I.Krecz. & Gontsch.; Fl. URSS 3: 528, 627, pl. 28: 2 (1935)
Distribution: Siberia (Buryatia, Chita, Tuva); Russian Far East (Amur, Kamchatka, Khabarovsk, Kuril Isl., Primorye, Sakhalin); China (Gansu, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Qinghai, Shandong, Shanxi); Mongolia; North Korea; South Korea; Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu)
30 SIB 31 RFE 36 CHI 37 MON 38 JAP KOR NKO
Remarks: subgen. 2 Agathryon, sect. 2 Steirochloa
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon gracillimum (Buchenau) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 34 (2023)
= Juncus compressus subsp. gracillimus (Buchenau) Vorosch.; Byull. Mosk. Obshch. Ispyt. Prir., Biol. 95(2): 91 (1990)
= Juncus compressus var. gracillimus Buchenau; Pflanzenr. 35(IV. 36): 112 (1906)
species :
Juncus greenei Oakes & Tuck.; Am. J. Sci. Ser. I. 45: 37 (1843)
Name: Greene´s rush (EN)
Distribution: Canada (New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Isl., Québec); USA (Connecticut, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Massachusetts, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Wisconsin)
72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA
Remarks: subgen. 2 Agathryon, sect. 2 Steirochloa
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon greenei (Oakes & Tuck.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 34 (2023)
species :
Juncus gregiflorus L.A.S.Johnson; Contr. New South Wales Natl. Herb. 3: 243 (1963)
Distribution: England [I]; Australia (New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania); New Zealand (incl. Stewart Isl.); Kermadec Isl.
10 grb 50 AUS 51 KER NZL
Remarks: subgen. 2 Agathryon, sect. 3 Juncotypus
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon gregiflorum (L.A.S.Johnson) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 38 (2023)
species :
Juncus grisebachii Buchenau; Abh. Naturwiss. Vereine Bremen 3: 295 (1873)
Distribution: SE-Tibet; Nepal; Bhutan; NE-India (Sikkim)
36 TIB 40 BHU IND NEP
Remarks: subgen. Alpinojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Alpinojuncus grisebachii (Buchenau) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 27 (2023)
= Juncus phaeocarpus A.M.Lu & Zhi Y.Zhang; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 17(3): 126-127, t. 2, f. 1-5 (1979)
species :
Juncus guadeloupensis Buchenau & Urb.; Urban, Symb. Antill. 1: 496 (1900)
Distribution: Guadeloupe; ?Martinique
81 GDL
Remarks: subgen. Verojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Verojuncus guadeloupensis (Buchenau & Urb.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 31 (2023)
species :
Juncus gubanovii Novikov; Byull. Mosk. Obshch. Ispyt. Prir., Biol. 80(3): 130 (1975)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; ?Afghanistan
32 KAZ
Remarks: subgen. 2 Agathryon, sect. 3 Juncotypus. An imperfectly known species
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon gubanovii (Novikov) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 36 (2023)
species :
Juncus gymnocarpus Coville; Mem. Torr. Bot. Club 5: 106 (1894)
Name: Pennsylvania rush
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia)
75 USA 78 USA
Remarks: subgen. 2 Agathryon, sect. 3 Juncotypus
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon gymnocarpus (Coville) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 36 (2023)
= Juncus smithii Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 2: 444 (1866)
species :
Juncus haenkei E.Mey.; Syn. Junc. 10 (1822)
Name: Haenke´s rush (EN)
Distribution: Russian Far East (Kamchatka, Khabarovsk, Kuril Isl., Magadan, Primorye, Sakhalin); ?NE-China; North Korea; South Korea; Japan (Hokkaido); Alaska; Aleutes; Canada (British Columbia)
31 RFE 38 JAP KOR NKO 70 ASK 71 CDN
Remarks: subgen. 2 Agathryon, sect. 3 Juncotypus
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon haenkei (E.Mey.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 36 (2023)
= Juncus arcticus subsp. sitchensis Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 2: 445 (1866), nom. inval.
= Juncus arcticus var. sitchensis Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 2: 491 (1968)
= Juncus balticus subsp. sitchensis (Engelm.) Hultén; Acta Univ. Lund. n. s. 39: 420 (1943)
= Juncus balticus var. haenkei (E.Mey.) Buchenau; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 12: 215 (1890)
= Juncus compressus var. haenkei (E.Mey.) Laharpe; Essai Monogr. Jonc.: 26 (1825)
species :
Juncus hallii Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 2: 446 (1866)
Name: Hall´s rush (EN)
Distribution: USA (Colorado, Idaho, Montana, New Mexico, Utah, Washington State, Wyoming)
73 USA 76 USA 77 USA
Remarks: subgen. 2 Agathryon, sect. 3 Juncotypus
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon hallii (Engelm.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 36 (2023)
species :
Juncus harae Miyam. & H.Ohba; J. Jap. Bot. 68(1): 27 (1993)
Distribution: China (Yunnan); Nepal; Bhutan; India (Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh)
36 CHI 40 BHU IND NEP
Remarks: subgen. Alpinojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Alpinojuncus harae (Miyam. & H.Ohba) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 27 (2023)
species :
Juncus heldreichianus T.Marsson ex Parl.; Fl. Ital. 2: 315 (1857)
subspecies :
subsp. heldreichianus
Name: Heldreichs Binse (DE); Heldreich´s Rush (EN)
Distribution: Albania; European Turkey; Greece; Crete
13 ALB GRC KRI TUE
Remarks: subgen. 1 Juncus, sect. Juncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus acutus var. heldreichianus (T.Marsson ex Buchenau) Rouy; Fl. France 13: 230 (1912)
= Juncus acutus var. heldreichianus (T.Marsson ex Parl.) Halácsy; Consp. Fl. Graec. 3: 280 (1904)
= Juncus phalereus Gand.; Contr. Fl. Terr. Slav. Merid. 1: 29 (1883)
subspecies :
subsp. orientalis Snogerup; Fl. Iran. 75: 7 (1971)
Distribution: Turkmenistan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; ; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iran (N-Iran, NW-Iran: Iranian Azerbaijan); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, N-Cyprus); Lebanon; Syria
32 TKM TZK 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 CYP EAI IRN LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus heldreichianus var. orientalis (Snogerup) Novikov; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 15: 88 (1979)
= Juncus orientalis (Snogerup) Filim.; Opred. Rast. Sred. Azii 5: 110 (1976)
species :
Juncus hemiendytus F.J.Herm.; Leafl. West. Bot. 5: 118 (1948)
Name: Herman´s dwarf rush (EN)
Distribution: USA (California, Idaho, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, Washington State)
73 USA 76 USA
Remarks: subgen. 1 Juncus, sect. 3 Caespitosi
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus brachystylus var. uniflorus (Engelm.) M.Peck; Man. Pl. Oregon: 183 (1941)
= Juncinella hemiendyta (F.J.Herm.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 25 (2023)
= Juncus saginoides Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 2: 436 (1866), nom. inval.
= Juncus triformis var. uniflorus Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 2: 493 (1868)
variant :
var. abjectus (F.J.Herm.) Ertter; Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 39: 76 (1986)
Distribution: USA (California, Idaho, Nevada, Oregon)
73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus abjectus F.J.Herm.; Leafl. West. Bot. 5: 120 (1948)
= Juncinella hemiendyta var. abjecta (F.J.Herm.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 25 (2023)
species :
Juncus heptopotamicus V.I.Krecz. & Gontsch.; Fl. URSS 3: 628 (1935)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; ?Afghanistan; China (Qinghai, Xinjiang)
32 KAZ KGZ TZK UZB 36 CHI
Remarks: subgen. 2 Agathryon, sect. 2 Steirochloa
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon heptopotamicum (V.I.Krecz. & Gontsch.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 34 (2023)
= Juncus bulbosus var. nigricans Regel; Bjull. Moskovsk. Obsc. Isp. Prir., Otd. Biol. 4: 272 (1868)
= Juncus epimetrocarpus Gontsch.; Kom., Fl. URSS 3: 504 (1935)
= Juncus epimetrocarpus Wu Kuofang; Fl. R. P. Sinicae 13(3): 164, tab. 36 (1997), nom. illeg.
= Juncus heptopotamicus var. yiningensis K.F.Wu; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 32(5): 447, f. 1, 6-9 (1994)
species :
Juncus hesperius (Piper) Lint; Preslia 74: 263 (2002)
Name: Lamp rush (EN)
Distribution: Canada (British Columbia: Queen Charlotte Isl.); USA (Arizona, California, Oregon, Washington State)
71 CDN 73 USA 76 USA
Remarks: subgen. 2 Agathryon, sect. 3 Juncotypus
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon hesperium (Piper) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 37 (2023)
= Juncus effusus subsp. hesperius Piper; Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 11: 180 (1906)
= Juncus effusus var. brunneus Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 2: 491 (1868)
species :
Juncus heterophyllus Dufour; Ann. Sci. Nat. 5: 88 (1825)
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia
12 COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ITA SIC 20 ALG MOR TUN
Remarks: subgen. Verojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus atlanticus Laharpe; Essai Monogr. Jonc. 40 (1825)
= Juncus lampocarpus var. heterophyllus (Dufour) Duby; Bot. Gall. 1: 477 (1828)
= Verojuncus heterophyllus (Dufour) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 31 (2023)
species :
Juncus himalensis Klotzsch; Bot. Reise Pr. Waldemar 60, f. 97 (1862)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Afghanistan (Badakshan, Wakhan, Kunar / Nuristan, Laghman Parwan); China (Gansu, Qinghai, Sichuan, Yunnan); Tibet; Pakistan (Swat, Gilgit, Deosai, Astor, Baltistan, Azad Kashmir); Nepal; Bhutan; N-India (Arunachal Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Punjab, Sikkim, Uttar Pradesh)
32 KAZ KGZ TZK 34 AFG 36 CHI TIB 40 BHU IND NEP PAK
Remarks: subgen. Alpinojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Alpinojuncus himalensis (Klotzsch) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 27 (2023)
= Juncus himalensis var. schlagintweitii (Buchenau) Buchenau; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 12(3-4): 406 (1890)
= Juncus schlagintweitii Buchenau; Nachr. Königl. Ges. Wiss. Georg-Augusts-Univ. 13: 255 (1869)
= Juncus sphacelatus var. himalensis (Klotzsch) Jafri; Fl. Pakistan, 138: 12 (1981)
species :
Juncus holoschoenus R.Br.; Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland. 259 (1810)
Distribution: Australia (South Australia, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania); New Zealand; Chatham Isl. [I]
50 AUS 51 ctm NZL
Remarks: subgen. Verojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus holoschoenus var. multiflorus Carse; Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 60: 305 (1929)
= Verojuncus holoschoenus (R.Br.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 31 (2023)
species :
Juncus homalocaulis F.Muell.; First Gen. Report, 19; et in Benth. Fl. Austr. 7: 128 (1878)
Distribution: Australia (South Australia, Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria); New Zealand [I]; Easter Isl. [I]
50 AUS 51 nzl 61 eas
Remarks: subgen. 2 Agathryon, sect. 2 Steirochloa
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon homalocaule (F.Muell.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 34 (2023)
species :
Juncus hondurensis Procków; Phytotaxa 439(1): 95 (2020)
Distribution: Honduras
80 HON
Remarks: subgen. Verojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Verojuncus hondurensis (Procków) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 31 (2023)
species :
Juncus howellii F.J.Herm.; Leafl. West. Bot. 5: 182 (1949)
Name: Howell´s rush (EN)
Distribution: USA (California, Idaho, Oregon, Washington State)
73 USA 76 USA
Remarks: subgen. Boreojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Boreojuncus howellii (F.J.Herm.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 24 (2023)
species :
Juncus hybridus Brot.; Fl. Lusit. 1: 513 (1804)
Name: Bastard-Binse (DE); Hybrid Rush (EN)
Distribution: England [I]; Slovakia; Portugal; Spain; Baleares; France; Channel Isl.; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); Croatia; Albania; European Turkey; Greece; Crete; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt; Azores [I] (Terceira [I]); Madeira [I] (Madeira Isl. [I]); N-Somalia; South Africa [I]; Turkmenistan; Kyrgyzstan; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia); Afghanistan (Farah); Cyprus (S-Cyprus); Mongolia; Australia [I] (New South Wales [I], South Australia [I], Western Australia [I]); New Zealand [I]
10 grb 11 SLO 12 BAL CIS COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB CRO GRC ITA KRI PEL SIC TUE 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 21 azo mdr 24 SOM 27 saf 32 KGZ TKM 34 AFG CYP EAI TUR 37 MON 50 aus 51 nzl
Remarks: subgen. 2 Agathryon, sect. 1 Tenageia; bufonius agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon hybridum (Brot.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 33 (2023)
= Agathryon mogadorense (H.Lindb.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 33 (2023)
= Juncus ambiguus Guss.; Fl. Sic. Prodr. 1: 435 (1827)
= Juncus bufonius unranked hybridus (Brot.) Asch.; Fl. Prov. Brandenburg. 735 (1864)
= Juncus bufonius unranked mutabilis (Neuman) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 422 (1904)
= Juncus bufonius f. mutabilis Neuman; Sver. Fl.: 659 (1901)
= Juncus bufonius subsp. ambiguus (Guss.) Schinz & Thell.; Schinz & Keller, Fl. Schweiz, ed. 4: 126 (1923)
= Juncus bufonius subsp. fasciculatus (Bertol.) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 176 (1890), nom. illeg.
= Juncus bufonius subsp. hybridus (Brot.) Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital.: 718 (1882)
= Juncus bufonius subsp. insulanus (Viv.) Briq. ex Jahand. & Maire; Cat. Pl. Maroc: 114 (1931)
= Juncus bufonius subsp. mogadorensis H.Lindb.; Acta Soc. Sci. Fenn., Ser. B, Opera Biol. 1(2): 31 (1932)
= Juncus bufonius subsp. mutabilis (Neuman) H.Lindb.; Acta Soc. Sci. Fenn., Ser. B, Opera Biol. 1(2): 31 (1932)
= Juncus bufonius var. ambiguus (Guss.) Husn.; Joncées: 18 (1908)
= Juncus bufonius var. ambiguus (Guss.) P.Fourn.; Quatre Fl. France 151 (1935), isonym
= Juncus bufonius var. congdonii (S.Watson) J.T.Howell; Leafl. W. Bot. 10: 28 (1963)
= Juncus bufonius var. fasciculatus (Bertol.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 749 (1882)
= Juncus bufonius var. fasciculatus (Bertol.) Tourlet; 520 (1908)
= Juncus bufonius var. fasciculatus (Bertol.) W.D.J.Koch; Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv. 732 (1837)
= Juncus bufonius var. fasciculiflorus Boiss.; Voy. Bot. Espagne 2: 624 (1841)
= Juncus bufonius var. hybridus (Brot.) Asch.; Fl. Brandenburg 1: 735 (1864), isonym.
= Juncus bufonius var. hybridus (Brot.) Farw.; Rep. (Annual) Michigan Acad. Sci. 6: 205 (1904), isonym
= Juncus bufonius var. hybridus (Brot.) Husn.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 55: 50 (1908), isonym
= Juncus bufonius var. hybridus (Brot.) Parl.; Fl. Ital. 2: 353 (1857)
= Juncus bufonius var. kochii Buchenau; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV 36: 106 (1906)
= Juncus bufonius var. mogadorensis (H.Lindb.) Maire & Weiller; Fl. Afrique N. 4: 165 (1957)
= Juncus congdonii S.Watson; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 22: 480 (1887)
= Juncus dinteri Poelln.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 48: 173 (1940)
= Juncus fasciculatus Bertol.; Fl. Ital. 4: 190 (1839), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Juncus insulanus Viv.; Fl. Cors. Sp. Nov. 5 (1824)
= Juncus mogadorensis (H.Lindb.) A.W.Hill; Index Kew., Suppl. 9: 150 (1938)
= Juncus mutabilis Savi; Fl. Pis. 1: 364 (1798), nom. illeg.
= Juncus mutabilis subsp. ambiguus (Guss.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 749 (1882)
species :
Juncus hydrophilus Noltie; Edinburgh J. Bot. 51(2): 138 (1994)
Distribution: Nepal; Bhutan; N-India (Sikkim)
40 BHU IND NEP
Remarks: subgen. Alpinojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Alpinojuncus hydrophilus (Noltie) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 27 (2023)
species :
Juncus imbricatus Laharpe; Mém. Soc. Hist. Nat. Paris 3: 149 (1827)
Distribution: Portugal [I]; Spain [I]; South Africa [I] (W-Cape Prov. [I]); Australia [I] (New South Wales [I], Victoria [I]); New Zealand [I]; Mexico (Durango, Hidalgo, Mexico State, Oaxaca, Tlaxcala, Veracruz); Colombia (Boyacá, Cundinamarca, Valle); Ecuador; Peru; Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, La Paz, Tarija); S-Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul); Uruguay (Artigas, Canelones, Cerro Largo, Colonia, Florida Prov., Montevideo, Paysandu, Rio Negro, Soriano); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Catamarca, Cordoba, Corrientes, Entre Rios, Jujuy, La Pampa, Mendoza, Misiones, Salta, Santa Fe, San Luis, Tucuman); Chile (Coquimbo, Valparaíso, Metropolitana de Santiago, O´Higgins, Maule, Ñuble, Biobío, Araucanía, Los Rios, Los Lagos); Juan Fdz. Isl.
12 por spa 27 saf 50 aus 51 nzl 79 MEX 82 CLM 83 BOL ECU PER 84 BRA 85 ARG CLE JNF URU
Remarks: subgen. 2 Agathryon, sect. 2 Steirochloa
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon imbricatum (Laharpe) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 34 (2023)
= Juncus capillaceus var. chilensis Buchenau; Junc. S. Amer.: 377 (1879)
= Juncus chamissonis f. pusillus Buchenau; C. E. Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(2): 320 (1898)
= Juncus chamissonis Kunth; Enum. Pl. 3: 348 (1841)
= Juncus collinus Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 306 (1855)
= Juncus imbricatus var. chamissonis (Kunth) Buchenau; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV 36: 122 (1906)
= Juncus imbricatus var. lechleri (Steud.) Buchenau; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV 36: 122 (1906)
= Juncus lechleri Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 306 (1855)
= Juncus pringlei Fernald; Proc. Amer. Acad. 45: 416 (1910)
= Juncus spanianthus Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 306 (1855)
= Juncus urvillei Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 306 (1855)
species :
Juncus inflexus L.; Sp. PI.: 326 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. inflexus
Name: Blaugrüne Binse (DE); Hard Rush (EN); Junco azul (ES)
Distribution: England; Ireland; Denmark; Sweden; Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; Andorra; Baleares; France; Channel Isl.; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Malta; San Marino; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece; Crete; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; N-European Russia; W-European Russia; Ukraine; Crimea; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Egypt (Desert Oases); Madeira (Madeira Isl., Porto Santo Isl.); Canary Isl. (Gran Canaria); D.R.Congo [Zaire]; South Africa (Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Lesotho; Kazakhstan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia); Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, NW-Iran: Iranian Azerbaijan, W-Iran); Afghanistan; Cyprus (C-Mountains, N-Cyprus); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, Jazira, NW-Syria, Jbel Druze, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel); Sinai peninsula (S-Sinai); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Saudi Arabia (Asir); China (Shanxi, Gansu, Qinghai, Xinjiang, Guangxi, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan, Henan, Jiangsu); Tibet; Pakistan; Nepal; Bhutan; India (Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Manipur, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Maharashtra, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal); Vietnam [I]; peninsular Malaysia; Java [I]; Australia [I] (Victoria [I]); New Zealand [I]; Canada [I] (Ontario [I]); USA [I] (Massachusetts [I], Michigan [I], New Jersey [I], New York [I], Pennsylvania [I], Virginia [I])
10 DEN GRB IRE SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 ADO BAL CIS COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MLT MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SMA SRB TUE 14 BLR EST KRY LAT LIT RUS UKR 20 ALG EGY MOR TUN 21 CNY MDR 23 ZAI 27 LES SAF 32 KAZ 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SIN SYR TUR 35 SAU 36 CHI TIB 40 BHU IND NEP PAK 41 vie 42 jaw MLY 50 aus 51 nzl 72 cdn 75 usa 78 usa
Remarks: subgen. 2 Agathryon, sect. 3 Juncotypus
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon inflexum (L.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 37 (2023)
= Juncus acutissimus (Buchenau) Adamson; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 50: 6 (1935)
= Juncus angelisii Ten.; Fl. Napol. 4: 52 (1830), et Viag. Abruz. 61
= Juncus cyprius H.Lindb.; Årsbok-Vuosik. Soc. Sci. Fenn. 20B(7): 5 (1942)
= Juncus deangelisii Bertol.; Fl. Ital. 4: 179 (1839), nom. inval.
= Juncus depauperatus Ten.; Atti Reale Accad. Sci., Sez. Soc. Reale Borbon. 1: 208 (1832)
= Juncus diaphragmarius Brot.; Fl. Lusit. 1: 511 (1804)
= Juncus elatus Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 295 (1855)
= Juncus equisetosus Dumort.; Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belgique 7: 365 (1868)
= Juncus glaucescens Laharpe; Essai Monogr. Jonc.: 28 (1825)
= Juncus glaucus Spielart melanocarpus G.Mey.; Chloris Han. 564 (1836)
= Juncus glaucus unranked aggregatus Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 449 (1904)
= Juncus glaucus unranked brunneus Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 448 (1904)
= Juncus glaucus unranked curvatus Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 448 (1904)
= Juncus glaucus unranked depauperatus (Ten.) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 448 (1904)
= Juncus glaucus unranked equisetosus (Dumort.) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 448 (1904)
= Juncus glaucus unranked farctus Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 448 (1904)
= Juncus glaucus unranked longicornis (Bastard) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 449 (1904)
= Juncus glaucus unranked magnagutii Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 449 (1904)
= Juncus glaucus unranked melanocarpus (G.Mey.) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 448 (1904)
= Juncus glaucus unranked microcarpus Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 448 (1904)
= Juncus glaucus unranked oligocarpus Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 448 (1904)
= Juncus glaucus unranked strictus Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 448 (1904), nom. illeg.
= Juncus glaucus Ehrh.; (Beitr. Naturk. 6: 83 (1791), nom. nud.) ex Sibth., Fl. Oxon.: 113 (1794)
= Juncus glaucus Ehrh. ex G.Gaertn., B.Mey. & Scherb.; Oekon. Fl. Wetterau 1: 495 (1799), nom. illeg.
= Juncus glaucus f. aggregatus (Asch. & Graebn.) C.W.Christ.; J. A. Christ. & al., 293 (1922)
= Juncus glaucus f. curvatus (Asch. & Graebn.) Seeland; 109 (1940)
= Juncus glaucus f. macrocarpus Zapal.; Consp. Fl. Gallic. Crit. 1: 133 (1906)
= Juncus glaucus f. virescens E.Baumann ex Murr; 44 (1923)
= Juncus glaucus f. virescens Neuman; Sver. Fl.: 654 (1901)
= Juncus glaucus Sibth.; Fl. Oxon.: 113 (1794), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Juncus glaucus subsp. angelisii (Ten.) Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital.: 714 (1882)
= Juncus glaucus subsp. depauperatus (Ten.) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 178 (1890)
= Juncus glaucus subsp. longicornis (Bastard) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 178 (1890)
= Juncus glaucus subsp. pallidus Hoppe ex Uechtr.; 90 (1832)
= Juncus glaucus subsp. paniculatus (Hoppe ex Schult. & Schult.f.) Trab.; J. A. Batt. & al., Fl. Algérie, Monocot.: 81 (1895)
= Juncus glaucus var. acutissimus Buchenau; Monogr. Junc. Cap. [Abh. Naturwiss. Ver. Bremen 4]: 417 (1875)
= Juncus glaucus var. contractus Hoppe ex Mert. & W.D.J.Koch; 575 (1826)
= Juncus glaucus var. effusus Boenn.; Prodr. Fl. Monast. Westphal.: 101 (1824)
= Juncus glaucus var. equisetosus (Dumort.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur., Suppl. 2: 312 (1890)
= Juncus glaucus var. fasciculatus Buchenau; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 12: 244 (1890)
= Juncus glaucus var. inflexus (L.) Spenn.; Fl. Friburg. 1: 180 (1825), nom. inval.
= Juncus glaucus var. laxiflorus Lange; Willk. & Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 1: 182 (1861)
= Juncus glaucus var. leptocarpus (Buchenau) Buchenau; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 6: 20 (1885)
= Juncus glaucus var. longicornis (Bastard) DC.; Lam. & A. DC., Fl. Franç., éd. 3, 6: 307 (1815)
= Juncus glaucus var. longicornis (Bastard) Grognot; Mém. Hist. Nat. Soc. Eduenne 1: 198 (1865)
= Juncus glaucus var. macrocarpus Zapal.; 98 (1906)
= Juncus glaucus var. major Tourlet; 516 (1908)
= Juncus glaucus var. pallidus Sond.; Fl. Hamburg.: 192 (1851), nom. illeg.
= Juncus glaucus var. paniculatus (Hoppe ex Schult. & Schult.f.) Bosch; Tijdschr. Natuurl. Gesch. Physiol. 8: 46 (1841)
= Juncus glaucus var. prolifer Sond.; Fl. Hamburg.: 192 (1850), nom. superfl.
= Juncus glaucus var. strictus Spenn.; Fl. Friburg. 1: 180 (1825)
= Juncus glaucus var. subglomeratus Boenn.; Prodr. Fl. Monast. Westphal.: 101 (1824)
= Juncus glaucus var. subglomeratus G.Mey.; Fl. Hanov. Excurs.: 584 (1849)
= Juncus glaucus var. tenerrimus Schur; 69 (1851), nom. inval.
= Juncus glaucus var. viviparus Bogenh.; 368 (1850)
= Juncus inflexus proles longicornis (Bastard) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 13: 226 (1912)
= Juncus inflexus f. aggregatus (Asch. & Graebn.) I.Grint.; Fl. Reipubl. Popul. Roman. 11: 555 (1966)
= Juncus inflexus f. equisetosus (Dumort.) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung., 16(3-4): 366 (1970 publ. 1971)
= Juncus inflexus f. melanocarpus (G.Mey.) I.Grint.; Fl. Republ. Social. Român. 11: 555 (1966)
= Juncus inflexus f. pallidus (Sond.) I.Grint.; Savul., Fl. Republ. Popul. Române 11: 55 (1966)
= Juncus inflexus f. strictus (Asch. & Graebn.) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung., 16(3-4): 366 (1970 publ. 1971)
= Juncus inflexus subsp. austrooccidentalis K.F.Wu; Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 13(3): 158 (1997)
= Juncus inflexus subvar. laxiflorus (Lange) Rouy; G. Rouy & J. Foucaud, Fl. France 13: 226 (1912)
= Juncus inflexus var. depauperatus (Ten.) I.Grint.; Fl. Reipubl. Popul. Roman. 11: 555 (1966)
= Juncus inflexus var. longicornis (Bastard) Briq.; Prodr. Fl. Corse 1: 256 (1910)
= Juncus inflexus var. longicornis (Bastard) Täckholm; Publ. Cairo Univ. Herb. 5: 62 (1972 publ. 1974)
= Juncus inflexus var. oligocarpus (Asch. & Graebn.) I.Grint.; Savul., Fl. Republ. Popul. Române 11: 555 (1966)
= Juncus inflexus var. paniculatus (Hoppe ex Schult. & Schult.f.) Cout.; Fl. Portugal: 116 (1913)
= Juncus inflexus var. prolifer Cout.; Bol. Soc. Brot. 8: 91 (1890), nom. illeg.
= Juncus inflexus var. proliferus Cout.; Bol. Soc. Brot. 8: 91 (1890), nom. illeg.
= Juncus inflexus var. trimenii Cout.; Bol. Soc. Brot. 8: 91 (1890)
= Juncus leptocarpus Buchenau; Nachr. Ges. Wiss. Göttingen, Math.-Phys. Kl. 1869: 244 (1869)
= Juncus longicornis Bastard; Desv. J. Bot. 3: 21 (1814)
= Juncus luetkei Buchenau; Nachr. Ges. Wiss. Göttingen, Math.-Phys. Kl. 1869: 243 (1869)
= Juncus pallidus Hoppe; Syn. Junc.: 14 (1822), nom. inval.
= Juncus paniculatus Hoppe ex Schult. & Schult.f.; Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis]. 7: 183 (1829)
= Juncus paniculatus subsp. depauperatus (Ten.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 746 (1882)
= Juncus reflexus Wender.; 147 (1823), nom. inval.
= Juncus tenax Banks & Sol.; Russell, Nat. Hist. Aleppo, ed. 2, 2: 251 (1794), nom. illeg.
= Juncus tenax Poir.; Lam., Encycl., Suppl. 3: 156 (1813), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Juncus tenax var. glaucus (Sibth.) Poir.; Lam., Encycl., Suppl. 3: 156 (1813), nom. inval.
= Juncus warakensis Nábelek; Spisy Prír. Fak. Masarykovy Univ. 105: 42 (1929)
subspecies :
subsp. brachytepalus (V.I.Krecz. & Gontsch.) Novikov; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 15: 86 (1979)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Iran; Afghanistan (Badakshan, Badghys, Baghlan, Balkh, Bamyan, Faryab, Ghazni, Helmand, Herat, Kabul, Kunar / Nuristan, Laghman, Wardak, Paktia / Khost, Parwan); China (N-China, Xinjiang, C-China)
32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 34 AFG IRN 36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon inflexum subsp. brachytepalum (V.I.Krecz. & Gontsch.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 37 (2023)
= Juncus brachytepalus Trautv. ex V.I.Krecz. & Gontsch.; Kom., Fl. URSS 3: 630 (1935)
= Juncus inflexus var. brachytepalus (Trautv. ex V.I.Krecz. & Gontsch.) Kitam.; Fl. Afgh.: 63 (1960)
species :
Juncus ingens N.A.Wakef.; Vict. Naturalist 73: 211 (1957)
Distribution: Australia (New South Wales, Victoria)
50 AUS
Remarks: subgen. 2 Agathryon, sect. 3 Juncotypus
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon ingens (N.A.Wakef.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 38 (2023)
species :
Juncus interior Wiegand; Britton, Man. Fl. N. U. S. 1045 (1900)
Name: Inland rush
Distribution: Canada (British Columbia, ?Alberta, Manitoba, Ontario, Saskatchewan); USA (Arkansas, Arizona, Colorado, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, Montana, North Carolina, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Mexico, Ohio, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming); Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila, Sonora)
71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX
Remarks: subgen. 2 Agathryon, sect. 2 Steirochloa
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon interior (Wiegand) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 34 (2023)
= Juncus arizonicus var. curtiflorus Wiegand; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 27: 518 (1900)
= Juncus arizonicus Wiegand; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club, 517 (1900)
= Juncus interior var. arizonicus (Wiegand) F.J.Herm.; J. Washington Acad. Sci. 30: 217 (1940)
= Juncus interior var. billingtonii Farw.; Rep. (Annual) Michigan Acad. Sci. 20: 169 (1918)
= Juncus interior var. neomexicanus (Wiegand) F.J.Herm.; J. Washington Acad. Sci. 30: 217 (1940)
= Juncus interior var. uniflorus Farw.; Rep. (Annual) Michigan Acad. Sci. 20: 169 (1918)
= Juncus monostichus Bartlett; Rhodora 7: 50 (1905)
= Juncus neomexicanus Wiegand; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club, 447 (1903)
species :
Juncus jacquinii L.; Mantissa 63 (1767)
Name: Gämsen-Binse, Jacquin-Binse (DE)
Distribution: Germany (Bayern); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Austria; France; Italy; Slovenia
11 AUT GER LIE SWI 12 FRA 13 ITA SLV
Remarks: subgen. 2 Agathryon, sect. 3 Juncotypus
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon jacquinii (L.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 37 (2023)
= Juncus atratus Lam.; Encycl. 3: 271 (1789), nom. illeg.
= Juncus castaneus Clairv.; Man. Herbor. Suisse: 104 (1811), nom. illeg.
= Juncus jacquinii var. biceps Beck; Fl. Nieder-Österreich 1: 154 (1890)
species :
Juncus jaxarticus V.I.Krecz. & Gontsch.; Kom., Fl. URSS 3: 532, 628 (1935)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; ?NE-Afghanistan; N-Pakistan
32 KAZ KGZ TZK UZB 40 PAK
Remarks: subgen. 2 Agathryon, sect. 2 Steirochloa
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon jaxarticum (V.I.Krecz. & Gontsch.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 34 (2023)
= Juncus compressus subsp. jaxarticus (V.I.Krecz. & Gontsch.) Jafri; Fl. Pakistan, 138: 14 (1981)
species :
Juncus jinpingensis S.Y.Bao; Fl. Yunnanica 15: 804 (2003)
Distribution: China (Yunnan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon jinpingense (S.Y.Bao) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 37 (2023)
species :
Juncus kelloggii Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 2: 494 (1868)
Name: Kellogg´s dwarf rush (EN)
Distribution: Canada (British Columbia); USA (California, Nevada, Oregon, Washington State); Mexico (Baja California Norte)
71 CDN 73 USA 76 USA 79 MEX
Remarks: subgen. 1 Juncus, sect. 3 Caespitosi
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncinella kelloggii (Engelm.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 25 (2023)
= Juncus brachystylus (Engelm.) Piper; Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 11: 181(1906)
= Juncus triformis var. brachystylus Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 2: 492 (1868)
species :
Juncus khasiensis Buchenau; Bot. Jahrb. 12: 407 (1890)
Distribution: Nepal; Bhutan; N-India (Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Sikkim, Uttarakhand)
40 BHU IND NEP
Remarks: subgen. Alpinojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Alpinojuncus khasiensis (Buchenau) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 27 (2023)
= Juncus nematocaulon Hook.f.; Fl. Brit. India 6: 400 (1892)
species :
Juncus kingii Rendle; J. Bot. 44: 45 (1906)
Distribution: China (Sichuan, Yunnan, Qinghai); Tibet; Nepal; Bhutan; N-India (Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim)
36 CHI TIB 40 BHU IND NEP
Remarks: subgen. Alpinojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Alpinojuncus kingii (Rendle) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 27 (2023)
= Juncus longibracteatus A.M.Lu & Zhi Y.Zhang; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 17(3): 126, t. 1, f. 5-8 (1979)
species :
Juncus kleinii Barros; Sellowia, No. 14, 27 (1962)
Distribution: S-Brazil (Santa Catarina)
84 BRA
Remarks: subgen. 2 Agathryon, sect. 3 Juncotypus. Known only from type collection
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon kleinii (Barros) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 37 (2023)
species :
Juncus krameri Franch. & Sav.; Enum. Pl. Jap. 2: 99, 534 (1876)
Distribution: Russian Far East (Kuril Isl., Primorye); China (Jilin, Liaoning, Shandong); North Korea; South Korea; Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu); Ryukyu Isl.
31 RFE 36 CHI 38 JAP KOR NKO NNS
Remarks: subgen. Verojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Verojuncus krameri (Franch. & Sav.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 31 (2023)
species :
Juncus kraussii Hochst.; Flora 27: 342 (1845)
subspecies :
subsp. kraussii
Distribution: S-Mozambique; South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal, W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Madagascar
26 MOZ 27 SAF 29 MDG
Remarks: subgen. 1 Juncus, sect. Juncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus caffer Bertol.; Mem. Reale Accad. Sci. Ist. Bologna 3: C (1851)
= Juncus fasciculiflorus Adamson; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 50: 8 (1935)
= Juncus kraussii var. effusus Adamson; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 50: 8 (1935)
= Juncus kraussii var. parviflorus Adamson; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 50: 8 (1935)
= Juncus spretus Schult. & Schult.f.; Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis]. 7: 1656 (1830), nom. inval.
subspecies :
subsp. austerus (Buchenau) Snogerup; Willdenowia, 23(1-2): 63 (1993)
Distribution: S-Brazil (Santa Catarina); Uruguay (Montevideo); Argentina; Chile (Los Lagos)
84 BRA 85 ARG CLE URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus austerus Buchenau; Bremen, Abh. 6: (1879) 389. t. 3
subspecies :
subsp. australiensis (Buchenau) Snogerup; Willdenowia, 23(1-2): 61 (1993)
Distribution: Australia (Western Australia, Northern Territory, South Australia, Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania); New Zealand (North Isl., South Isl.); Chatham Isl.
50 AUS 51 CTM NZL
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus maritimus var. australiensis Buchenau; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 12: 257 (1890)
species :
Juncus kuohii M.J.Jung; Phytotaxa 81: 49 (2013)
Distribution: Taiwan
38 TAI
Remarks: subgen. Verojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Verojuncus kuohii (M.J.Jung) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 31 (2023)
species :
Juncus laccatus Zika; Preslia 74: 261 (2002)
Distribution: Alaska; USA (California, Oregon, Washington State)
70 ASK 73 USA 76 USA
Remarks: subgen. 2 Agathryon, sect. 3 Juncotypus
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon laccatum (Zika) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 37 (2023)
= Juncus effusus var. gracilis Hook.; Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 190 (1840)
species :
Juncus laeviusculus L.A.S.Johnson; Aspects Tasmanian Bot.- Tribute Winifred Curtis (ed. M. R. Banks et al.): 38 (1991)
subspecies :
subsp. laeviusculus
Distribution: Australia (New South Wales)
50 AUS
Remarks: subgen. 2 Agathryon, sect. 3 Juncotypus
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon laeviusculum (L.A.S.Johnson) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 38 (2023)
subspecies :
subsp. illawarrensis L.A.S.Johnson; Aspects Tasmanian Bot.- Tribute Winifred Curtis (ed. M. R. Banks et al.): 40 (1991)
Distribution: Australia (New South Wales)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon laeviusculum subsp. illawarrense (L.A.S.Johnson) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 38 (2023)
species :
Juncus lancangensis Y.Y.Qian; Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin 21: 3 (2001)
Distribution: China (Yunnan)
36 CHI
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Juncus leiospermus F.J.Herm.; Leafl. West. Bot. 5: 113 (1948)
Name: Red Bluff dwarf rush (EN)
Distribution: USA (California: N-Sacramento Valley)
76 USA
Remarks: subgen. 1 Juncus, sect. 3 Caespitosi
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncinella leiosperma (F.J.Herm.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 25 (2023)
variant :
var. ahartii Ertter; Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 39: 49 (1986)
Name: Ahart´s dwarf rush (EN)
Distribution: USA (California: Butte Co.)
76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncinella leiosperma var. ahartii (Ertter) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 25 (2023)
species :
Juncus leptospermus Buchenau; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 6: 203-204 (1885)
Distribution: China (?Heilongjiang, Shaanxi, Guangxi, Guizhou, Yunnan, Guangdong); Nepal; Bhutan; NE-India (Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya)
36 CHI 40 BHU IND NEP
Remarks: subgen. Verojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus mairei H.Lév.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 11: 493 (1913)
= Verojuncus leptospermus (Buchenau) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 31 (2023)
species :
Juncus lesueurii Bol.; Proc. Calif. Acad. 2: (1863)179
Name: Salt rush (EN)
Distribution: Canada (British Columbia); USA (California, Oregon, Washington State)
71 CDN 73 USA 76 USA
Remarks: subgen. 2 Agathryon, sect. 3 Juncotypus. Probably a stabilized hybrid J. breweri x J. balticus
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon lesueurii (Bol.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 37 (2023)
= Juncus balticus subsp. pacificus Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 2: 442 (1866)
= Juncus lesueurii var. stenocaulon Buchenau; Engl., Pflanzenr. IV 36: 148 (1906)
= Juncus pacificus (Engelm.) B.D.Jacks.; Index Kew.: 1258 (1895), nom. illeg.
species :
Juncus leucanthus Royle ex D.Don; Trans. Linn. Soc. London 18: 318 (1840)
Distribution: China (Shaanxi, Gansu, Qinghai, Sichuan, Yunnan); Tibet; Nepal; Bhutan; N-India (Arunachal Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Sikkim, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal)
36 CHI TIB 40 BHU IND NEP
Remarks: subgen. Alpinojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Alpinojuncus leucanthus (Royle ex D.Don) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 27 (2023)
= Juncus leucanthus var. alpinus Buchenau; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 12: 396 (1890)
= Juncus tanguticus Sam.; H. R. E. Hand.-Mazz., Symb. Sin. 7: 1233 (1936)
species :
Juncus leucomelas Royle ex D.Don; Trans. Linn. Soc. London 18: 319 (1840)
Distribution: China (Gansu, Sichuan, Yunnan); Tibet; NE-Pakistan; ?Nepal; Bhutan; India (Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Uttarakhand, West Bengal)
36 CHI TIB 40 BHU IND PAK
Remarks: subgen. Alpinojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Alpinojuncus leucomelas (Royle) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 27 (2023)
= Juncus bhutanensis Satake; H. Hara, Fl. E. Himal. 2: 162 (1971)
species :
Juncus liebmannii J.F.Macbr.; Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Bot. Ser. 11(1): 9 (1931)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Chihuahua, Colima, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Morelos, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Puebla, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Veracruz, Zacatecas); Guatemala; Panama
79 MEX 80 GUA PAN
Remarks: subgen. Verojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus brevifolius Liebm.; Vidensk. Meddel. Naturhist. Foren. Kjøbenhavn 2: 40 (1850), nom. illeg.
= Juncus brevifolius var. mexicanus Buchenau; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 12: 355 (1890)
= Verojuncus liebmannii (J.F.Macbr.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 31 (2023)
variant :
var. polycephalus Balslev; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75: 381 (1988)
Distribution: Mexico (Oaxaca, Chiapas, Sinaloa, Durango); Guatemala
79 MEX 80 GUA
Synonyms: hidden
= Verojuncus liebmannii var. polycephalus (Balslev) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 31 (2023)
variant :
var. quitensis (Buchenau) Balslev; Fl. Ecuador 11: 40 (1979)
Distribution: Colombia (Cauca); Ecuador
82 CLM 83 ECU
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus brevifolius var. quitensis Buchenau; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 12: 356 (1890)
= Verojuncus liebmannii var. quitensis (Buchenau) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 31 (2023)
species :
Juncus littoralis C.A.Mey.; Verz. Pfl. Caucasus 34 (1831)
Name: Strand-Binse (DE); Coastal Rush (EN)
Distribution: NE-Spain; Baleares (Menorca); France; Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Montenegro; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece; Crete; Ukraine; Crimea; Algeria; Libya; Egypt; Turkmenistan; Northern Caucasus; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey; Iran; Cyprus; Saudi Arabia
12 BAL FRA SPA 13 ALB BUL CRO GRC ITA KRI MNT ROM SLV TUE 14 KRY UKR 20 ALG EGY LBY 32 TKM 33 AZE NCS 34 CYP EAI IRN TUR 35 SAU
Remarks: subgen. 1 Juncus, sect. Juncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus acutomaritimus E.Mey.; C. F. von Ledeb., Fl. Ross. 4: 234 (1853), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Juncus acutus proles tommasinii (Parl.) Rouy; G. Rouy & J. Foucaud, Fl. France 13: 230 (1912)
= Juncus acutus unranked gallicus Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 455 (1904)
= Juncus acutus unranked microcarpus Loret & Barrandon; Fl. Montpellier, ed. 2: 512 (1886)
= Juncus acutus unranked tyraicus Pacz.; Fl. Chers. 1: 381 (1914)
= Juncus acutus subsp. littoralis (C.A.Mey.) Feinbrun; Fl. Palaestina 4: 143 (1986)
= Juncus acutus subsp. tommasinii (Parl.) Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital.: 715 (1882)
= Juncus acutus subsp. tyraicus (Pacz.) I.Grint.; Fl. Reipubl. Popul. Roman. 11: 556 (1966)
= Juncus acutus var. gallicus (Asch. & Graebn.) Rouy; G. Rouy & J. Foucaud, Fl. France 13: 230 (1912)
= Juncus acutus var. littoralis (C.A.Mey.) Trautv.; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 5: 480 (1831)
= Juncus acutus var. microcarpus (Loret & Barrandon) Husn.; Joncées: 9 (1908)
= Juncus acutus var. tommasinii (Parl.) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 454 (1904)
= Juncus acutus var. tommasinii (Parl.) Buchenau; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 12: 250 (1890)
= Juncus adriaticus Gand.; Contr. Fl. Terr. Slav. Merid. 1: 29 (1883)
= Juncus littoralis subsp. tyraicus (Pacz.) Novikov; Fl. Evropeiskoi Chasti SSSR 2: 73 (1976)
= Juncus tommasinii Parl.; Fl. Ital. 2: 315 (1852)
= Juncus tyraicus (Pacz.) V.I.Krecz. & Gontsch.; Kom., Fl. URSS 3: 544 (1935)
species :
Juncus llanquihuensis Barros; Darwiniana 10: 425 (1953)
Distribution: Argentina (Chubut, Mendoza); Chile (Los Lagos)
85 ARG CLE
Remarks: subgen. Verojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus mendocinus Barros; Darwiniana 10: 427 (1953)
= Verojuncus llanquihuensis (Barros) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 31 (2023)
species :
Juncus lomatophyllus Spreng.; Neue Entdeck. 2: 108 (1821)
Distribution: Zimbabwe; Mozambique; South Africa (Limpopo, Gauteng, Mpulamanga, KwaZulu-Natal, W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Lesotho; Eswatini [Swaziland]; +St. Helena; New Zealand [I]
26 MOZ ZIM 27 LES SAF SWZ 28 STH 51 nzl
Remarks: subgen. Australojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Australojuncus lomatophyllus (Spreng.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 25 (2023)
= Juncus capensis var. latifolius E.Mey.; Syn. Junc.: 48 (1822)
= Juncus cymosus Lam.; Encyc. 3: 267 (1789), nom. rej.
= Juncus lomatophyllus var. aristatus Buchenau; Monogr. Junc. Cap. [Abh. Naturwiss. Ver. Bremen 4]: 466 (1875)
= Juncus lomatophyllus var. congestus Adamson; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 50: 18 (1935)
= Juncus lomatophyllus var. lutescens Buchenau; Monogr. Junc. Cap. [Abh. Naturwiss. Ver. Bremen 4]: 466 (1875)
= Juncus viridifolius Adamson; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 50: 20 (1935)
species :
Juncus longiflorus (A.Camus) Noltie; Edinburgh J. Bot. 51(2): 134 (1994)
Distribution: China (Yunnan); ?SE-Tibet; India (Arunachal Pradesh)
36 CHI 40 IND
Remarks: subgen. Alpinojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Alpinojuncus longiflorus (A.Camus) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 27 (2023)
= Juncus sikkimensis var. helvolus K.F.Wu; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 32(5): 461-462 (1994)
= Juncus sikkimensis var. longiflorus A.Camus; Notul. Syst. (Paris) 1: 283 (1910)
species :
Juncus longii Fernald; Rhodora 39: 397 (1937)
Name: Long´s rush (EN)
Distribution: USA (District of Columbia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia)
78 USA
Remarks: subgen. Australojuncus. Often included in J. marginatus, for example by Kirschner (2002)
species :
Juncus longirostris Kuvaev; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 57(7): 815 (1972)
Distribution: Siberia (Krasnoyarsk, Yakutia); Russian Far East (Magadan)
30 SIB 31 RFE
Remarks: subgen. Alpinojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Alpinojuncus longirostris (Kuvaev) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 27 (2023)
species :
Juncus longistamineus A.Camus; Notul. Syst. (Paris) 1: 227 (1910)
Distribution: China (Yunnan)
36 CHI
Remarks: subgen. Alpinojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Alpinojuncus longistamineus (A.Camus) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 27 (2023)
species :
Juncus longistylis Torr.; Bot. Mex. Bound. 223 (1859)
Name: Longstyle rush (EN)
Distribution: Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Newfoundland, Ontario, Québec, Saskatchewan); USA (Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Mexico, Nevada, Oregon, South Dakota, Utah, Washington State, Wyoming); Mexico (Chihuahua, Sonora)
71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
Remarks: subgen. Boreojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Boreojuncus longistylis (Torr.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 24 (2023)
= Juncus menziesii var. californicus Hook. & Arn.; Bot. Beechey Voy.: 402 (1840)
species :
Juncus luciensis Ertter; Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 39: 58 (1986)
Name: Santa Lucia dwarf rush (EN)
Distribution: USA (California)
76 USA
Remarks: subgen. 1 Juncus, sect. 3 Caespitosi
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncinella luciensis (Ertter) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 25 (2023)
species :
Juncus luzuliformis Franch.; Nouv. Arch. Mus. Paris, Ser, II. 10: 1887 (1888) 99; Buchenau, in Bot. Jahrb. 12: 204 (1890)
Distribution: China (Gansu, Guizhou, Hubei, Shanxi, Sichuan)
36 CHI
Remarks: subgen. Alpinojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Alpinojuncus luzuliformis (Franch.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 27 (2023)
species :
Juncus macrandrus Coville; Abrams, Ill. Fl. Pacific States 1: 367 (1923)
Name: Longanther rush (EN)
Distribution: USA (California)
76 USA
Remarks: subgen. Verojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Verojuncus macrandrus (Coville) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 29 (2023)
species :
Juncus macrantherus V.I.Krecz. & Gontsch.; Kom., Fl. URSS 3: 524, 626 (1935)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Afghanistan (Baghlan, Bamyan, Kabul, Qunduz, Parwan)
32 KAZ KGZ TZK UZB 34 AFG
Remarks: subgen. Alpinojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Alpinojuncus macrantherus (V.I.Krecz. & Gontsch.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 27 (2023)
= Juncus afghanicus Snogerup; Fl. Iranica 75: 28 (1971)
species :
Juncus macrophyllus Coville; Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 50: 65 (1902)
Name: Longleaf rush (EN)
Distribution: USA (Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah); Mexico (Baja California Norte, Sonora)
76 USA 79 MEX
Remarks: subgen. Boreojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Boreojuncus macrophyllus (Coville) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 24 (2023)
= Juncus canaliculatus Engelm.; Bot. Gaz. 7: 6 (1882), nom. illeg.
= Juncus longistylis var. scabratus F.J.Herm.; J. Washington Acad. Sci. 30: 218 (1940)
species :
Juncus marginatus Rostk.; De Junco 38 (1801)
Name: Grassleaf rush (EN)
Distribution: Canada (British Columbia, Nova Scotia, Ontario); USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, Vermont, Wisconsin, West Virginia); Bermuda; Mexico (Baja California Sur, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Nayarit, Oaxaca, San Luis Potosi, Sonora, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Zacatecas); Guatemala; Belize; Belize; Honduras; Nicaragua; Costa Rica; Cuba; Jamaica; Venezuela (Anzoategui, Merida, Sucre); N-Brazil; SE-Brazil; S-Brazil (Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina); Paraguay (Caaguazu, Paraguari, San Pedro); Uruguay (Cerro Largo, Florida Prov., Maldonado, Montevideo, Rivera, Rio Negro, Rocha, San Jose, Soriano, Tacuarembo, Treinta y Tres); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Cordoba, Corrientes, Formosa, Jujuy, Misiones)
71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX 80 BLZ COS GUA HON NIC 81 BER CUB JAM 82 VEN 84 BRA 85 ARG PAR URU
Remarks: subgen. Boreojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Boreojuncus marginatus (Rostk.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 24 (2023)
= Juncus aristulatus Michx.; Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 192 (1803)
= Juncus aristulatus var. pinetorum Coville; Small, Fl. S.E. U.S.: 259 (1903)
= Juncus biflorus f. adinus Fernald & Grisc.; Rhodora 37: 157 (1935)
= Juncus buchenaui Sved.; Bih. Kongl. Svenska Vetensk.-Akad. Handl. 23(3
= Juncus canaliculatus Liebm.; Vidensk. Meddel. Naturhist. Foren. Kjøbenhavn (1850) 43
= Juncus cylindricus M.A.Curtis; Am. J. Sci. 44: 83 (1843)
= Juncus heteranthos Nutt.; Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc., n.s., 5: 153 (1835)
= Juncus marginatus var. aristulatus (Michx.) Coville; Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 8: 123 (1893)
= Juncus marginatus var. odoratus Torr.; Fl. N. Middle United States 1: 362 (1824)
= Juncus marginatus var. paucicapitatus Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 2: 455 (1866)
= Juncus marginatus var. setosus Coville; Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 8: 124 (1893)
= Juncus odoratus (Torr.) Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 304 (1855)
= Juncus setosus (Coville) Small; Fl. S. E. U. S. ed. 1, 258 (1903)
= Juncus triglumis Walter; Fl. Carol. 124 (1788) [non L. 1753]
= Luzula angustifolia Poir.; Lam., Encycl., Suppl. 3: 530 (1813)
= Luzula juncoides Poir.; Encyc. Suppl. 3: 535 (1813)
= Tristemon laxus Raf.; Autik. Bot.: 192 (1840), nom. superfl.
species :
Juncus maritimus Lam.; Encycl. Méth. Bot. 3: 264 (1789)
Name: Strand-Binse (DE); Sea rush (EN); Junco marino (ES)
Distribution: England; Ireland; Denmark; Sweden; Netherlands; Belgium; Germany (Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Schleswig-Holstein); Austria; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; Baleares; France; Channel Isl.; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Slovenia; Croatia; Montenegro; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece; Crete; E-European Russia; Ukraine; Crimea; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya (incl. Tibesti); Azores (Terceira, Pico); Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Gran Canaria, La Gomera, La Palma Isl.); Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl.; Turkey (Inner Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Iran (NW-Iran: Iranian Azerbaijan); Cyprus (S-Cyprus); Lebanon (coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, C-Syrian Desert, Jazira); Israel (coastal W-Israel); Pakistan (Sind, Baluchistan, Karachi); India (Gujarat, Jammu & Kashmir, Maharashtra, Rajasthan); USA [I] (New York [I])
10 DEN GRB IRE SWE 11 AUT BGM GER HUN NET 12 BAL CIS COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BUL CRO GRC ITA KRI MNT ROM SIC SLV TUE 14 KRY RUS UKR 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN 21 AZO CNY 32 TKM TZK UZB 33 AZE GEO NCS 34 CYP EAI IRN ISR LEB SYR TUR 40 IND PAK 75 usa
Remarks: subgen. 1 Juncus, sect. Juncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncastrum maritimum Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Limt. Lyon, N. S. 17: 171 (1869)
= Juncus broteri Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 297 (1855)
= Juncus maritimus unranked ponticus (Steven) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 456 (1904)
= Juncus maritimus var. atlanticus J.W.White; J. Bot. 52: 19 (1914)
= Juncus maritimus var. congestus L.B.Hall; J. Bot. 66: 361 (1928)
= Juncus maritimus var. contractus Trémols ex Cadevall; Bol. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 11: 245 (1911)
= Juncus maritimus var. luxurians Lojac.; Fl. Sicul. 3: 152 (1909)
= Juncus maritimus var. nervatus Lojac.; Fl. Sicul. 3: 152 (1909)
= Juncus maritimus var. ponticus (Steven) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 745 (1882)
= Juncus paui Sennen; Exsicc. (Pl. Esp.) 1925: 5432 (1925)
= Juncus ponticus Steven; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 30(II): 94 (1857)
= Juncus pseudacutus Pau; Not. Bot. Fl. Españ. 6: 100 (1895)
= Juncus spinosus var. congestus (L.B.Hall) Druce; Bot. Soc. Exch. Club Brit. Isles 9(2): 240 (1930)
= Schoenus coarctatus Seenus; Beschr. Reise Istr. Dalmat.: 74 (1805)
species :
Juncus maroccanus Kirschner; Preslia 76: 372 (2004)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon maroccanum (Kirschner) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 33 (2023)
species :
Juncus maximowiczii Buchenau; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 12(3-4): 394, t. 1, f. 12 (1890)
Distribution: China (Jilin); North Korea; Japan (Honshu); Taiwan
36 CHI 38 JAP NKO TAI
Remarks: subgen. Alpinojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Alpinojuncus maximowiczii (Buchenau) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 27 (2023)
= Juncus cupreus H.Lév. & Vaniot; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 51: 292 (1904)
= Juncus maximowiczii f. rostratus Satake; Nov. Fl. Jap. 1: 25 (1938)
= Juncus takasagomontanus Satake; J. Jap. Bot. 14: 256 (1938)
= Juncus triflorus Ohwi; J. Jap. Bot. 13: 30 (1937)
species :
Juncus megacephalus M.A.Curtis; Boston J. Nat. Hist. 1: 132 (1835)
Name: Bighead rush (EN)
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Texas, Virginia)
77 USA 78 USA
Remarks: subgen. Verojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Verojuncus megacephalus (M.A.Curtis) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 32 (2023)
species :
Juncus megalophyllus S.Y.Bao; Fl. Yunnanica 15: 804 (2003)
Distribution: China (Yunnan)
36 CHI
Remarks: subgen. Alpinojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Alpinojuncus megalophyllus (S.Y.Bao) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 27 (2023)
species :
Juncus meianthus L.A.S.Johnson ex K.L.Wilson; Taxon 50: 1112 (2001)
Distribution: Australia (Western Australia)
50 AUS
Remarks: subgen. Australojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Australojuncus meianthus (L.A.S.Johnson ex K.L.Wilson) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 25 (2023)
= Juncus gracilis R.Br.; Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland. 259 (1810), nom. illeg.
= Juncus gracilis var. humilis Benth.; Fl. Austral. 7: 125 (1878)
species :
Juncus membranaceus Royle ex D.Don; Proc. Linn. Soc. 1: (1839) 10; et in Trans. Linn. Soc. 18: 320 (1840)
Distribution: Tajikistan; Afghanistan (Badakshan, Wakhan, Kunar / Nuristan, Laghman, Parwan); China (Yunnan); Tibet; N-Pakistan (widespread); Nepal; N-India (Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Sikkim, Uttarakhand); Myanmar (Chin)
32 TZK 34 AFG 36 CHI TIB 40 IND NEP PAK 41 MYA
Remarks: subgen. Alpinojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Alpinojuncus membranaceus (Royle ex D.Don) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 27 (2023)
= Juncus concinnus var. turbidus Buchenau; Nachr. Königl. Ges. Wiss. Georg-Augusts-Univ. 13: 252 (1869)
= Juncus hoffmeisteri Klotzsch; Bot. Ergeb. Waldem. Reise, 9 (1862)
species :
Juncus mertensianus Bong.; Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.-Pétersbourg, Sér. 6, Sci. Math. 2: 167 (1832)
Name: Mertens´ rush (EN)
Distribution: Russian Far East (Kuril Isl.); Japan (Hokkaido); Alaska; Aleutes; Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Northern Territories, Saskatchewan, Yukon); USA (Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, New Mexico, Nevada, Oregon, South Dakota, Utah, Washington State, Wyoming)
31 RFE 38 JAP 70 ASK CDN 71 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 76 USA 77 USA
Remarks: subgen. Verojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus duranii Ewan; Rhodora 47: 186 (1945)
= Juncus ensifolius var. minor E.Mey.; Linnaea 3: 373 (1828)
= Juncus mertensianus var. duranii (Ewan) F.J.Herm.; Leafl. W. Bot. 10: 85 (1964)
= Juncus mertensianus var. filifolius Suksd.; Deutsche Bot. Monatsschr. 19: 92 (1901)
= Juncus slwookoorum S.B.Young; Rhodora 72: 486 (1970)
= Verojuncus mertensianus (Bong.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 32 (2023)
species :
Juncus micranthus Schrad. ex E.Mey.; Syn. Luz. 31 (1823)
Distribution: Bolivia (Santa Cruz); S-Brazil (Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina); Paraguay (Amambay, Caaguazu, Misiones, Paraguari); Uruguay (Florida, Rivera, Rocha, Tacuarembo, Treinta y Tres); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Cordoba, Corrientes, Mendoza, San Juan)
83 BOL 84 BRA 85 ARG PAR URU
Remarks: subgen. Verojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus meridionalis (Buchenau) Herter; Revista Sudamer. Bot. 9(7-8): 201 (1956)
= Juncus scirpoides var. meridionalis Buchenau; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 12: 324 (1890)
= Verojuncus micranthus (Schrad. ex E.Mey.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 32 (2023)
species :
Juncus microcephalus Kunth; Nov. Gen. Sp. [H. B. K.] 1: 237 (1816)
Name: Kleinköpfige Binse (DE), Small-headed Rush (EN)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); New Zealand [I]; Mexico (Aguascalientes, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Colima, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Zacatecas); Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Costa Rica; Panama; Colombia (Antioquia, Boyacá, Cauca, Cundinamarca, Huila, Nariño, Norte de Santander, Putumayo, Risaralda, Santander, Valle); Venezuela (Amazonas, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Lara, Merida, Portuguesa, Sucre, Tachira, Trujillo, Zulia); Ecuador; Peru; Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, La Paz, Santa Cruz, Tarija); NE-Brazil; WC-Brazil; SE-Brazil; S-Brazil (Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina); Paraguay (Caaguazu, Central, Guaira, Paraguari, San Pedro); Uruguay (Artigas, Canelones, Cerro Largo, Florida Prov., Flores Prov., Maldonado, Montevideo, Paysandu, Rio Negro, Rocha, Salto, San Jose, Soriano, Treinta y Tres); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Catamarca, Chaco, Chubut, Cordoba, Corrientes, Brasilia Distrito Federal, Entre Rios, Formosa, Jujuy, La Pampa, Mendoza, Misiones, Neuquen, Rio Negro, Salta, Santa Fe, San Juan, Tucuman); Chile (Valparaíso, Metropolitana de Santiago, O´Higgins, Maule, Ñuble, Biobío, Araucanía, Los Rios, Los Lagos, Aisén, Magallanes)
11 ger 50 aus 51 nzl 79 MEX 80 COS GUA HON NIC PAN 82 CLM VEN 83 BOL ECU PER 84 BRA 85 ARG CLE PAR URU
Remarks: subgen. Verojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus floribundus Kunth; Nov. Gen. Sp. [H. B. K.] 1: 237 (1816)
= Juncus floribundus Phil.; Linnaea 29: 74 (1858), nom. illeg.
= Juncus involucratus Steud. ex Buchenau; Abh. Naturwiss. Vereine Bremen 4: 121 (1874)
= Juncus luzuloxiphium Griseb.; Abh. Königl. Ges. Wiss. Göttingen 19: 268 (1874)
= Juncus microcephalus f. conglobatus Barros; Darwiniana 10: 431 (1953)
= Juncus microcephalus var. floribundus (Kunth) E.Mey.; Linnaea 3: 370 (1828)
= Juncus microcephalus var. intermedius E.Mey. ex Schult. & Schult.f.; Syst. Veg. 7(1): 195 (1829)
= Juncus microcephalus var. major Schult. & Schult.f.; Syst. Veg. 7(1): 195 (1829), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Juncus microcephalus var. virens Griseb.; Symb. Fl. Argent.: 317 (1879)
= Juncus rudis Kunth; Enum. Pl. 3: 333 (1841)
= Juncus sellowianus Kunth; Enum. Pl. 3: 336 (1841)
= Juncus timotensis Barros; Darwiniana 10: 431 (1953)
= Verojuncus microcephalus (Kunth) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 32 (2023)
species :
Juncus milashanensis A.M.Lu & Zhi Y.Zhang; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 17(3): 127, t. 2, f. 6-10 (1979)
Distribution: China (Sichuan); Tibet; India (Arunachal Pradesh)
36 CHI TIB 40 IND
Remarks: subgen. Alpinojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Alpinojuncus milashanensis (A.M.Lu & Zhi Y.Zhang) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 27 (2023)
species :
Juncus militaris Bigelow; Fl. Bost. ed. II. 139 (1824)
Name: Bayonet rush (EN)
Distribution: Canada (New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Isl.); St. Pierre et Miquelon; USA (Connecticut, Delaware, Indiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont)
72 CDN SPM 75 USA 78 USA
Remarks: subgen. Verojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus militaris f. bifrons Fernald; Rhodora 24: 166 (1922)
= Juncus militaris f. subnudus Fernald; Rhodora 24: 166 (1922)
= Tristemon stellatus Raf.; Autik. Bot.: 191 (1840), nom. superfl.
= Tristemon stellatus var. bigelowii Raf.; Autik. Bot.: 192 (1840), nom. inval.
= Tristemon stellatus var. paradoxus Raf.; Autik. Bot.: 192 (1840)
= Verojuncus militaris (Bigelow) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 32 (2023)
species :
Juncus minimus Buchenau; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 25: 145 (1867)
Distribution: China (Sichuan, Yunnan); Tibet; Nepal; Bhutan; N-India (Sikkim, ?Arunachal Pradesh)
36 CHI TIB 40 BHU IND NEP
Remarks: subgen. Alpinojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Alpinojuncus minimus (Buchenau) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 27 (2023)
= Juncus unifolius A.M.Lu & Z.Y.Zhang; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 17: 125 (1979)
species :
Juncus minutulus (Albert & Jahand.) Prain; Index Kew., Suppl. 5: 143 (1921)
Distribution: England; Denmark; Norway; Sweden; Finland [I]; Netherlands; Belgium; Germany; Switzerland; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; France; Italy; Sicily; Albania; Romania; European Turkey; Greece; Crete; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; N-European Russia; Siberia (Altai, Buryatia, Chita, Irkutsk, Tuva, W-Siberia, Yakutia); Kazakhstan; East Aegaean Isl.; Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Iran (N-Iran)
10 DEN fin GRB NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN NET POL SLO SWI 12 FRA POR SPA 13 ALB GRC ITA KRI ROM SIC TUE 14 RUS 30 SIB 32 KAZ 34 EAI IRN TUR
Remarks: subgen. 2 Agathryon, sect. 1 Tenageia; bufonius agg. Status uncertain, included by Rooks et al. (2012) in J. bufonius because the morphological and cytological features do not overlap, but kept separate by Kirschner (2021) on cytological grounds
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon minutulum (Albert & Jahand.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 33 (2023)
= Juncus bufonius f. minutulus Albert & Jahand.; Cat. Pl. Vasc. Dép. Var 501 (1908)
= Juncus bufonius subsp. minutulus V.I.Krecz. & Gontsch. ex Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung., 16(3-4): 366 (1970 publ. 1971)
= Juncus bufonius var. parvulus Hartm.; Handb. Skand. Fl., ed. 2: 95 (1832), et Handb. Skand. Fl., ed. 7: 241 (1858)
= Juncus bufonius var. pumilus Hartm.; Handb. Skand. Fl.: 143 (1820)
= Juncus minutulus V.I.Krecz. & Gontsch.; Kom., Fl. URSS 3: 625 (1935), nom. illeg.
species :
Juncus miyiensis K.F.Wu; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 32(5): 456-457, f. 5, 1-3 (1994)
Distribution: China (Sichuan)
36 CHI
Remarks: status unconfirmed, not mentioned in Kirschner (2002)
species :
Juncus modicus N.E.Br.; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 36: 165 (1903)
Distribution: China (Gansu, Guizhou, Henan, Hubei, Shaanxi, Sichuan); Tibet
36 CHI TIB
Remarks: subgen. Alpinojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Alpinojuncus modicus (N.E.Br.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 27 (2023)
species :
Juncus mollis L.A.S.Johnson; Telopea 5(2): 311 (1993)
Distribution: Australia (New South Wales)
50 AUS
Remarks: subgen. 2 Agathryon, sect. 3 Juncotypus
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon molle (L.A.S.Johnson) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 38 (2023)
species :
Juncus mustangensis Miyam. & H.Ohba; J. Jap. Bot. 78(3): 154 (2003)
Distribution: Nepal
40 NEP
Remarks: subgen. Alpinojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Alpinojuncus mustangensis (Miyam. & H.Ohba) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 27 (2023)
species :
Juncus nepalicus Miyam. & H.Ohba; J. Jap. Bot. 68(1): 28 (1993)
Distribution: China (Yunnan); Tibet; Nepal; N-India (Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim)
36 CHI TIB 40 IND NEP
Remarks: subgen. Alpinojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Alpinojuncus nepalicus (Miyam. & H.Ohba) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 28 (2023)
= Alpinojuncus rostocarpus (Miyam.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 28 (2023)
= Juncus amplifolius var. pumilus A.Camus; Notul. Syst. (Paris) 1: 282 (1910)
= Juncus rostrocarpus Miyam.; Bull. Univ. Mus. Univ. Tokyo 42(4): 58 (2006), nom. nov. for J. amplifolius var. pumilus Camus
species :
Juncus nevadensis S.Watson; Proc. Amer. Acad. 14: 303 (1879)
Name: Sierra rush (EN)
Distribution: Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Saskatchewan); USA (California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, Washington State, Wyoming); Mexico (Chihuahua, Sonora)
71 CDN 73 USA 76 USA 79 MEX
Remarks: subgen. Verojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus mertensianus subsp. gracilis (Engelm.) F.J.Herm.; Leafl. W. Bot. 10: 85 (1964)
= Juncus mertensianus var. suksdorfii (Rydb.) F.J.Herm.; Leafl. W. Bot. 10: 86 (1964)
= Juncus phaeocephalus var. gracilis Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 2: 484 (1868)
= Juncus suksdorfii Rydb.; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 26: 541 (1899)
= Juncus truncatus Rydb.; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 31: 399 (1904)
= Verojuncus nevadensis (S.Watson) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 32 (2023)
variant :
var. badius (Suksd.) C.L.Hitchc.; Vasc. Pl. Pacific Northw. 1: 201 (1969)
Distribution: USA (Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, New Mexico, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, Washington State, Wyoming)
73 USA 76 USA 77 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus badius Suksd.; Deutsche Bot. Monatsschr. 19: 92 (1901)
= Juncus mertensianus var. badius (Suksd.) F.J.Herm.; Leafl. W. Bot. 10: 86 (1964)
variant :
var. columbianus (Coville) H.St.John; Fl. S.-E. Washington: 82 (1937)
Name: Columbia rush
Distribution: USA (Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington State)
73 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus columbianus Coville; Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 14: 87 (1901)
= Juncus mertensianus var. columbianus (Coville) F.J.Herm.; Leafl. W. Bot. 10: 86 (1964)
variant :
var. inventus (L.F.Hend.) C.L.Hitchc.; Vasc. Pl. Pacific Northw. 1: 201 (1969)
Distribution: USA (Oregon)
73 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus inventus L.F.Hend.; Rhodora 32: 21 (1930)
species :
Juncus nodatus Coville; Britton & A. Brown, Ill. Fl. Ed. 2, 1: 482 (1913)
Name: Stout rush (EN)
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, California, Florida, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Missouri, Mississippi, Oklahoma, Tennessee, Texas, Wisconsin)
74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Remarks: subgen. Verojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus acuminatus var. robustus Engelm.; A. Gray, Manual, ed. 5: 542 (1867)
= Juncus robustus (Engelm.) Coville; Britton & A. Brown, Ill. Fl. N. U. S. 1: 395 (1896), nom. illeg.
= Verojuncus nodatus (Coville) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 32 (2023)
species :
Juncus nodosus L.; Sp. Pl. ed. II. 466 (1762)
Name: Knotted rush (EN)
Distribution: Alaska; Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Northern Territories, Ontario, Prince Edward Isl., Québec, Saskatchewan, Yukon); USA (Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Iowa, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Massachusetts, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, Nevada, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Vermont, Washington State, Wisconsin, West Virginia, Wyoming); Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Nuevo León, San Luis Potosi, Sonora)
70 ASK CDN 71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX
Remarks: subgen. Verojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus nodosus f. intermedius Kneuck.; A. Kneucker, Cyper. Junc. Exs., no 264 (1911)
= Juncus nodosus var. meridianus F.J.Herm.; J. Arnold Arbor. 25: 58 (1944)
= Juncus nodosus var. prolifer Lunell; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 4: 238 (1915)
= Juncus rostkovii E.Mey.; Syn. Junc. 26 (1822)
= Tristemon fulvum Raf.; Autikon Bot. 191 (1840)
= Verojuncus nodosus (L.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 32 (2023)
species :
Juncus novae-zelandiae Hook.f.; Fl. Nov.-Zel. 1: 264 (1853)
Distribution: New Zealand (North Isl., South Isl.)
51 NZL
Remarks: subgen. Verojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Verojuncus novae-zelandiae (Hook.f.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 32 (2023)
species :
Juncus nupela Veldkamp; Blumea 23(2): 415 (1977)
Distribution: New Guinea (Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
Remarks: subgen. 2 Agathryon, sect. 3 Juncotypus
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon nupela (Veldkamp) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 37 (2023)
species :
Juncus obliquus Adamson; J. South Afr. Bot. 3: 165 (1937)
Distribution: South Africa (W-Cape Prov.: Cold Bokkeveld Mts.)
27 SAF
Remarks: subgen. 1 Juncus, sect. 3 Caespitosi
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncinella obliqua (Adamson) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 25 (2023)
species :
Juncus occidentalis Wiegand; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 27: 523 (1900)
Name: Western rush (EN)
Distribution: USA (Arizona, California, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, Washington State); Argentina (Cordoba, Santa Fe, San Luis); Chile (Maule, Metropolitana de Santiago)
73 USA 76 USA 85 ARG CLE
Remarks: subgen. 2 Agathryon, sect. 2 Steirochloa
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon occidentale (Wiegand) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 34 (2023)
= Juncus tenuis var. congestus Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 2: 450 (1866)
= Juncus tenuis var. occidentalis (Wiegand) Coville; Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 10: 129 (1896), nom. illeg. superfl.
species :
Juncus ochraceus Buchenau; Abh. Naturwiss. Vereine Bremen 3: 292 (1872)
Distribution: China (Sichuan, Yunnan); Tibet; Nepal; Bhutan; N-India (Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Sikkim, West Bengal)
36 CHI TIB 40 BHU IND NEP
Remarks: subgen. Alpinojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Alpinojuncus ochraceus (Buchenau) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 28 (2023)
= Juncus tratangensis Satake; Univ. Mus. Univ. Tokyo Bull. 2: 164 (1971)
species :
Juncus ochrocoleus L.A.S.Johnson; Telopea 5(2): 312 (1993)
Distribution: Australia (New South Wales, Queensland)
50 AUS
Remarks: subgen. 2 Agathryon, sect. 3 Juncotypus
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon ochrocoleum (L.A.S.Johnson) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 38 (2023)
species :
Juncus orchonicus Novikov; Byull. Mosk. Obshch. Ispyt. Prir., Biol. 90(5): 110 (1985)
Distribution: Siberia (W-Siberia); Russian Far East (Amur); Mongolia
30 SIB 31 RFE 37 MON
Remarks: subgen. 2 Agathryon, sect. 2 Steirochloa
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon orchonicum (Novikov) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 35 (2023)
species :
Juncus orthophyllus Coville; Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 4: 207 (1893)
Name: Straightleaf rush (EN)
Distribution: USA (California, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Oregon, Washington State)
73 USA 76 USA
Remarks: subgen. Boreojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Boreojuncus orthophyllus (Coville) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 24 (2023)
= Juncus latifolius (Engelm.) Buchenau; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 12: 425 (1890), nom. illeg.
= Juncus longistylis var. latifolius Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 2: 496 (1868)
= Juncus orthophyllus f. congestus (Suksd.) H.St.John; Fl. S.-E. Washington: 82 (1936)
= Juncus orthophyllus var. congestus Suksd.; Werdenda 1: 6 (1923)
species :
Juncus oxycarpus E.Mey. ex Kunth; Enum. Pl. 3: 336 (1841)
Distribution: D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Rwanda; Burundi; South Sudan; Ethiopia; Eritrea; Somalia; Kenya; Tanzania; SW-Angola; Zambia; Malawi; Zimbabwe; Namibia; Botswana; South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, N-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Lesotho; Eswatini [Swaziland]; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], Victoria [I])
23 BUR RWA ZAI 24 ERI ETH SOM SSU 25 KEN TAN 26 ANG MLW ZAM ZIM 27 BOT LES NAM SAF SWZ 50 aus
Remarks: subgen. Verojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus brevistilus Buchenau; Monogr. Junc. Cap. [Abh. Naturwiss. Ver. Bremen 4]: 433 (1875)
= Juncus gentilis N.E.Br.; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1914: 83 (1914)
= Juncus oxycarpus subsp. australis Weim.; Svensk Bot. Tidskr. 40: 166 (1946), nom. inval.
= Juncus oxycarpus subsp. sparganioides Weim.; Svensk Bot. Tidskr. 40: 166 (1946)
= Juncus oxycarpus var. microcephalus Adamson; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 50: 13 (1935)
= Juncus quartinianus A.Rich.; Tent. Fl. Abyss. 2: 339 (1851)
= Juncus suboxycarpus Adamson; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 50: 14 (1935)
= Verojuncus oxycarpus (E.Mey. ex Kunth) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 32 (2023)
= Verojuncus quartinianus (A.Rich.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 32 (2023)
species :
Juncus oxymeris Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 2: 483 (1868)
Name: Pointed rush (EN)
Distribution: Canada (British Columbia); USA (California, Oregon, Washington State); Mexico (Baja California Norte)
71 CDN 73 USA 76 USA 79 MEX
Remarks: subgen. Verojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Verojuncus oxymeris (Engelm.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 29 (2023)
species :
Juncus pallescens Lam.; Encyc. 3: 268 (1789)
Distribution: Australia [I] (Victoria [I], New South Wales [I]); Colombia (Nariño); Ecuador; Galapagos; Peru; Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, La Paz, Potosí, Tarija); S-Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina); Paraguay (Central); Uruguay (Artigas, Canelones, Cerro Largo, Durazno, Florida Prov., Flores Prov., Maldonado, Montevideo, Paysandu, Rio Negro, Rocha, Soriano); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Catamarca, Chubut, Cordoba, Corrientes, Argentina Distrito Federal, Mendoza, Neuquen, Rio Negro, Salta, Santa Fe, San Juan, San Luis, Tucuman); Chile (Atacama, Coquimbo, Valparaíso, Metropolitana de Santiago, Maule, Ñuble, Biobío, Araucanía, Los Lagos, Aisén); Juan Fdz. Isl.
50 aus 82 CLM 83 BOL ECU GAL PER 84 BRA 85 ARG CLE JNF PAR URU
Remarks: subgen. Verojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus achalensis Barros; Darwiniana 10: 449 (1953)
= Juncus commixtus Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 300 (1855)
= Juncus dombeyanus J.Gay ex Laharpe; Essai Monogr. Jonc.: 44 (1825)
= Juncus dombeyanus var. achalensis (Barros) Novara; Aportes Bot. Salta Ser. Fl. 1(27): 12 (1993)
= Juncus dombeyanus var. elatus Buchenau; Junc. S. Amer.: 409 (1879)
= Juncus dombeyanus var. pycnanthus Buchenau; Junc. S. Amer.: 409 (1879)
= Juncus fernandezianus Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 302 (1855)
= Juncus fuscocapitatus Balslev; Fl. Neotrop. Monogr. 68: 111 (1996)
= Juncus longifolius Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 299 (1855)
= Juncus megakoleos Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 299 (1855)
= Juncus pallescens var. achalensis (Barros) Novara; Zuloaga & Morrone (eds.), Cat. Pl. Vasc. Rep. Arg. 1 (Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60): 221 (1996), et Aportes Bot. Salta Ser. Misc. 1999(1): 7 (1999)
= Juncus proximus Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 300 (1855)
= Verojuncus pallescens (Lam.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 32 (2023)
species :
Juncus pallidus R.Br.; Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland. 258 (1810)
Distribution: Australia (South Australia, Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania); Lord Howe Isl. [I]; New Zealand (incl. Stewart Isl.); Chatham Isl. [I]
50 AUS lhi 51 ctm NZL
Remarks: subgen. 2 Agathryon, sect. 3 Juncotypus
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon pallidum (R.Br.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 38 (2023)
= Juncus brownii F.Dietr.; Neu. Nachtr. Vollst. Lex. Gärtn. 4: 654 (1835), nom. illeg.
= Juncus macrostigma Colenso; Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 17: 253 (1885)
species :
Juncus paludosus E.L.Bridges & Orzell; Novon 18(3): 294 (2008)
Distribution: USA (Florida)
78 USA
Remarks: subgen. Verojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Verojuncus paludosus (E.L.Bridges & Orzell) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 32 (2023)
species :
Juncus papillosus Franch. & Sav.; Enum. Pl. Jap. 2: 533 (1789)
Distribution: Russian Far East (Amur, Khabarovsk, Kuril Isl., Primorye, Sakhalin); China (Nei Mongol, Hebei, Shandong, Henan, Heilongjiang, Jiangsu, Jilin, Liaoning); North Korea; South Korea; Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu); Ryukyu Isl.
31 RFE 36 CHI 38 JAP KOR NKO NNS
Remarks: subgen. Verojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus nikkoensis Satake; J. Fac. Sci. Univ. Tokyo, Sect. 3, Bot. 4: 185 (1933)
= Juncus nikkoensis var. minor Satake; J. Fac. Sci. Univ. Tokyo, Sect. 3, Bot. 4(2): 185 (1933)
= Juncus niponensis Buchenau; Bot. Jahrb. 12: 340 (1890)
= Juncus niponensis var. hakodatensis H.Lév.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 10: 352 (1912)
= Juncus umbellifer H.Lév. & Vaniot; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 51: 292 (1904)
= Verojuncus papillosus (Franch. & Sav.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 32 (2023)
species :
Juncus parryi Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 2: 446 (1866)
Name: Parry´s rush (EN)
Distribution: Canada (Alberta, British Columbia); USA (California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, Washington State, Wyoming)
71 CDN 73 USA 76 USA
Remarks: subgen. 2 Agathryon, sect. 3 Juncotypus
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon parryi (Engelm.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 37 (2023)
= Juncus drummondii var. parryi (Engelm.) M.E.Jones; Bull. Montana State Univ., Biol. Ser. 15: 22 (1910)
species :
Juncus patens E.Mey.; Syn. Luzul. 28 (1823)
Name: Spreading rush (EN)
Distribution: USA (California, Oregon, Washington State); Mexico (Baja California Norte)
73 USA 76 USA 79 MEX
Remarks: subgen. 2 Agathryon, sect. 3 Juncotypus
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon patens (E.Mey.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 37 (2023)
species :
Juncus pauciflorus R.Br.; Prodr. 259 (1810)
Distribution: South Africa [I]; Australia (South Australia, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania); New Zealand
27 saf 50 AUS 51 NZL
Remarks: subgen. 2 Agathryon, sect. 3 Juncotypus
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon pauciflorum (R.Br.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 38 (2023)
= Juncus gunnii Hook.f.; Fl. Tasman. 2: 67 (1858)
= Juncus pauciflorus var. gunnii (Hook.f.) Buchenau; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 12: 239 (1890)
species :
Juncus pelocarpus E.Mey.; Syn. Luzul. 30 (1823)
Name: Brownfruit rush (EN)
Distribution: Canada (British Columbia, Labrador, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Isl., Québec); St. Pierre et Miquelon; USA (Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Indiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, North Carolina, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Virginia, Vermont, Washington State, Wisconsin)
71 CDN 72 CDN SPM 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 78 USA
Remarks: subgen. Verojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus articulatus var. pelocarpus (E.Mey.) A.Gray; Manual, ed. 5: 482 (1856)
= Juncus conradii Tuck.; Fl. New York 2: 328 (1843)
= Juncus muehlenbergii Spreng.; Syst. Veg., 2: 106 (1825)
= Juncus pelocarpus f. submersus Fassett; Trans. Wisconsin Acad. Sci. 25: 161 (1930)
= Juncus pelocarpus var. sabulonensis H.St.John; Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist. 36: 67 (1921)
= Juncus viviparus Conrad; J. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 6: 105 (1829), nom. illeg.
= Verojuncus pelocarpus (E.Mey.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 32 (2023)
species :
Juncus perpusillus Sam.; Symb. Sin. 7(5): 1237-1238 (1936)
Distribution: China (Sichuan); Tibet; Nepal; N-India (Arunachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Sikkim, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh)
36 CHI TIB 40 IND NEP
Remarks: subgen. Alpinojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Alpinojuncus perpusillus (Sam.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 28 (2023)
species :
Juncus persicus Boiss.; Diagn. Ser. I. 7: 101 (1846)
subspecies :
subsp. persicus
Distribution: Iraq; Iran; Afghanistan (Bamyan, Ghazni, Kabul, Logar, Wardak, Orozgan / Daykundi, Paktia / Khost)
34 AFG IRN IRQ
Remarks: subgen. 2 Agathryon, sect. 2 Steirochloa
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon persicum (Boiss.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 35 (2023)
= Juncus gerardi unranked persicus (Boiss.) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 433 (1904)
= Juncus gerardi subsp. persicus (Boiss.) Snogerup; Fl. Iran. 75: 14 (1971)
subspecies :
subsp. libanoticus (J.Thiébaut) Novikov & Snogerup; Preslia 74: 252 (2002)
Distribution: European Turkey; Crimea; Siberia (Altai, Buryatia, Chita, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva, W-Siberia); Kazakhstan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkey; Iraq; Iran; Afghanistan (Badghys, Baghlan, Bamyan, Herat); Lebanon; Syria; China (Xinjiang); Mongolia
13 TUE 14 KRY 30 SIB 32 KAZ KGZ TZK UZB 34 AFG IRN IRQ LEB SYR TUR 36 CHI 37 MON
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon persicum subsp. libanoticum (J.Thiébaut) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 35 (2023)
= Juncus bulbosus var. acutiflorus Regel; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 4: 272 (1868)
= Juncus compressus var. subcompressus (Zakirov & Novopokr.) Novikov; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 15: 84 (1979)
= Juncus gerardi subsp. libanoticus (J.Thiébaut) Snogerup; Rech f., Fl. Iran. 75: 13 (1971)
= Juncus gerardi subsp. vvedenskyi (V.I.Krecz.) Novikov; Byull. Mosk. Obshch. Ispyt. Prir., Biol. 95(5): 114 (1990)
= Juncus gerardi var. acutiflorus (Regel) Buchenau; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 12: 189 (1890)
= Juncus libanoticus J.Thiébaut; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 95: 20 (1948)
= Juncus manasiensis K.F.Wu; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 32(5): 445-446, f. 2, 1-4 (1994)
= Juncus persicus subsp. vvedenskyi (V.I.Krecz.) Novikov; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 15: 85 (1979)
= Juncus subcompressus Zakirov & Novopokr.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 36(1): 77 (1951)
= Juncus vvedenskii V.I.Krecz.; Byull. Sredne-Aziatsk. Gosud. Univ. 21: 176 (1935)
species :
Juncus petrophilus Miyam.; Bull. Univ. Mus. Univ. Tokyo 42(4): 52 (2006)
Distribution: China (Yunnan)
36 CHI
Remarks: subgen. Alpinojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Alpinojuncus petrophilus (Miyam.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 28 (2023)
species :
Juncus phaeanthus L.A.S.Johnson; Telopea 5(2): 313 (1993)
Distribution: Australia (New South Wales, Victoria)
50 AUS
Remarks: subgen. 2 Agathryon, sect. 3 Juncotypus
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon phaeanthum (L.A.S.Johnson) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 38 (2023)
species :
Juncus phaeocephalus Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 2: 484 (1868)
Name: Brownhead rush (EN)
Distribution: USA (Oregon, Washington, California)
73 USA 76 USA
Remarks: subgen. Verojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus phaeocephalus var. glomeratus Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 2: 484 (1868)
= Juncus xiphioides var. glomeratus Hoover; Leafl. W. Bot. 10: 341 (1966)
= Verojuncus phaeocephalus (Engelm.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 29 (2023)
variant :
var. paniculatus Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 2: 484 (1868)
Distribution: USA (California)
76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Verojuncus phaeocephalus var. paniculatus (Engelm.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 29 (2023)
species :
Juncus pictus Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 305 (1855)
Distribution: South Africa (N-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncinella picta (Steud.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 25 (2023)
species :
Juncus planifolius R.Br.; Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland. 259 (1810)
Name: Broadleaf rush (EN)
Distribution: W-Ireland [I]; Australia (South Australia, Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania); New Zealand (incl. Stewart Isl.); Chatham Isl.; Hawaii [I] (Kauai [I], Oahu [I], Molokai [I], Lanai [I], Maui [I], Hawaii Isl. [I]); USA [I] (Oregon [I])
10 ire 50 AUS 51 CTM NZL 63 haw 73 usa
Remarks: subgen. Australojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Australojuncus planifolius (R.Br.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 25 (2023)
= Juncus homalophyllus Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 303 (1855)
= Juncus planifolius var. chathamensis Buchenau; Krit. Verz. Juncac.: 87 (1879)
= Juncus planifolius var. humilis Ostenf.; Biol. Meddel. Kongel. Danske Vidensk. Selsk. 3(2): 15 (1921)
= Juncus planifolius var. tenellus Benth.; Fl. Austral. 7: 126 (1878)
= Juncus xantholepis Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 303 (1855)
variant :
var. demissus (Steud.) Buchenau; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 12: 434 (1890)
Distribution: Chile (Maule, Biobío, Araucania, Los Rios, Los Lagos, Aisén); Juan Fdz. Isl.
85 CLE JNF
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus demissus Steud.; Cyp. Pl. Cyp. 303 (1855)
species :
Juncus polyanthemus Buchenau; Bot. Jahrb. 21: 261 (1895)
Distribution: Australia (Western Australia, Queensland, New South Wales); Lord Howe Isl.; New Zealand; New Caledonia; Hawaii [I] (Oahu [I], Maui [I])
50 AUS LHI 51 NZL 60 NWC 63 haw
Remarks: subgen. 2 Agathryon, sect. 3 Juncotypus
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon polyanthemum (Buchenau) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 38 (2023)
species :
Juncus polycephalus Michx.; Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 192 (1803)
Name: Manyhead rush
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Texas)
77 USA 78 USA
Remarks: subgen. Verojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus echinatus Muhl.; Descr. Gram.: 207 (1817), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Juncus engelmannii Buchenau; Krit. Verz. Juncac.: 67 (1880), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Juncus polycephalus var. crassifolius Michx.; Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 192 (1803)
= Juncus scirpoides subvar. minor Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 2: 468 (1868)
= Juncus scirpoides var. polycephalus (Michx.) Engelm.; Herb. Junc. Bor.-Amer. Norm.: 69 (1868)
= Tristemon gladiatus Raf.; Autik. Bot.: 191 (1840)
= Tristemon polycephalus (Michx.) Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 4: 32 (1838)
= Verojuncus polycephalos (Michx.); Phytotaxa 622(1): 29 (2023)
species :
Juncus potaninii Buchenau; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 12(3-4): 394 (1890)
subspecies :
subsp. potaninii
Distribution: China (Gansu, Guizhou, Henan, Hubei, Jilin, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan); Tibet; North Korea; Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu)
36 CHI TIB 38 JAP NKO
Remarks: subgen. Alpinojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Alpinojuncus potaninii (Buchenau) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 28 (2023)
= Juncus luzuliformis var. modestus (Buchenau) Buchenau; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 36(5, Beibl. 82): 15 (1905)
= Juncus luzuliformis var. potaninii (Buchenau) Buchenau; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 36(5, Beibl. 82): 15 (1905)
= Juncus modestus Buchenau; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 12(1-2): 203 (1890)
= Juncus perparvus K.F.Wu; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 32(5): 448-450, f. 3, 1-4 (1994)
subspecies :
subsp. woroschilovii (Nechaev & Novikov) Novikov; Byull. Mosk. Obshch. Ispyt. Prir., Biol. 95(5): 118 (1990)
Distribution: Russian Far East (Khabarovsk, Primorye)
31 RFE
Synonyms: hidden
= Alpinojuncus potaninii subsp. woroschilovii (Nechaev & Novikov) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 28 (2023)
= Juncus woroschilovii Nechaev & Novikov; Byull. Mosk. Obsch. Ispyt. Prir., Biol. 84(4): 104 (1979)
species :
Juncus prismatocarpus R.Br.; Prodr. 259 (1810)
subspecies :
subsp. prismatocarpus
Distribution: Australia (South Australia, Queensland, New South Wales, Tasmania); New Zealand (North Isl., South Isl.); Chatham Isl.
50 AUS 51 CTM NZL
Remarks: subgen. Verojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus commutatus Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 301 (1855)
= Verojuncus prismatocarpus (R.Br.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 29 (2023)
subspecies :
subsp. leschenaultii (Gay ex Laharpe) Kirschner; Preslia 74: 249 (2002)
Distribution: Mauritius [I]; Russian Far East (Amur, Kamchatka, Khabarovsk, Kuril Isl.); China (Shandong, Jiangsu, Anhui, Zhejiang, Jiangxi, Fujian, Hubei, Hunan, Guangdong, Hainan, Henan, Guangxi, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan); Tibet; North Korea; South Korea; Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu); Ryukyu Isl.; Taiwan; Pakistan (Baluchistan); Nepal; Bhutan; India (Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Odisha, Punjab, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, West Bengal); Sri Lanka; Bangladesh; Myanmar (Kachin); Thailand; Laos; Cambodia; Vietnam; peninsular Malaysia (Pahan); Sumatra; Philippines (Luzon, Mindanao); Java; Moluccas; New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea)
29 mau 31 RFE 36 CHI TIB 38 JAP KOR NKO NNS TAI 40 BAN BHU IND NEP PAK SRL 41 CBD LAO MYA THA VIE 42 JAW MLY MOL NWG PHI SUM
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus bombonzanensis Satake; J. Fac. Sci. Univ. Tokyo, Sect. 3, Bot. 4(2): 182 (1933)
= Juncus hizenensis Satake; J. Jap. Bot. 12: 48 (1936)
= Juncus indicus var. nanus Royle ex D.Don; Trans. Linn. Soc. London 18: 323 (1840)
= Juncus latior Satake; J. Jap. Bot. 12: 20 (1936)
= Juncus latior var. viviparus Satake; J. Jap. Bot. 12: 90 (1936)
= Juncus leschenaultii J.Gay ex Laharpe; Mem. Soc. Hist. Nat. Paris 3: 137 (1827)
= Juncus leschenaultii var. major Miq.; Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 3: 164 (1867)
= Juncus leschenaultii var. radicans Franch. & Sav.; Enum. Pl. Jap.: 533 (1879)
= Juncus prismatocarpus subvar. pluritubulosus Buchenau; Bot. Jaarb. 12: 311 (1890)
= Juncus prismatocarpus subvar. thermalis Buchenau; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 12: 311 (1890)
= Juncus prismatocarpus subvar. viviparus Koidz.; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 29: 309 (1915)
= Juncus prismatocarpus var. leschenaultii (J.Gay ex Laharpe) Buchenau; Bot. Jaarb. 6: 204 (1885)
= Juncus prismatocarpus var. sinensis (J.Gay ex Laharpe) Hook.f.; Fl. Brit. India 6: 396 (1892)
= Juncus sinensis J.Gay ex Laharpe; Essai Monogr. Jonc.: 49 (1825)
= Juncus unibracteatus Griff.; Not. Pl. Asiat. 3: 232 (1851)
= Verojuncus prismatocarpus subsp. leschenaultii (J.Gay ex Laharpe) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 29 (2023)
species :
Juncus procerus E.Mey.; Linnaea 3: 367 (1828)
Name: Junquillo [Chile]
Distribution: Australia (South Australia, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania); New Zealand (North Isl., South Isl.); Ecuador; Argentina (Chubut, Mendoza, Neuquen, Rio Negro); Chile (Maule, Ñuble, Biobío, Araucanía, Los Rios, Los Lagos, Aisén, Magallanes); Juan Fdz. Isl.
50 AUS 51 NZL 83 ECU 85 ARG CLE JNF
Remarks: subgen. 2 Agathryon, sect. 3 Juncotypus
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon procerum (E.Mey.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 38 (2023)
= Juncus valdiviae Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 296 (1855)
= Juncus pallidus var. triandrus Cheeseman; Man. New Zealand Fl., ed. 2: 293 (1925)
species :
Juncus prominens (Buchenau) Miyabe & Kudô; Trans. Sapporo Nat. Hist. Soc. 5: 40 (1913)
Distribution: Russian Far East (Kuril Isl., Kamchatka, Commander Isl.); Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu)
31 RFE 38 JAP
Remarks: subgen. Boreojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Boreojuncus prominens (Buchenau) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 24 (2023)
= Juncus falcatus subsp. prominens (Buchenau) Novikov; Byull. Mosk. Obshch. Ispyt. Prir., Biol. 95(5): 120 (1990)
= Juncus falcatus var. prominens Buchenau; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV 36: 247 (1906)
species :
Juncus przewalskii Buchenau; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 12(3-4): 401 (1890)
Distribution: China (Gansu, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan); Tibet; India (Arunachal Pradesh)
36 CHI TIB 40 IND
Remarks: subgen. Alpinojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Alpinojuncus przewalskii (Buchenau) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 28 (2023)
= Alpinojuncus przewalskii var. multiflorus (S.Y.Bao) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 28 (2023)
= Juncus kangdingensis K.F.Wu; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 32(5): 460-461, f. 4, 9-10 (1994)
= Juncus przewalskii var. discolor Sam.; Symb. Sin. 7(5): 1234-1235 (1936)
= Juncus przewalskii var. multiflorus S.Y.Bao; Fl. Yunnanica 15: 804 (2003)
species :
Juncus psammophilus L.A.S.Johnson; Telopea 5(2): 314 (1993)
Distribution: Australia (New South Wales, Queensland, Victoria)
50 AUS
Remarks: subgen. 2 Agathryon, sect. 3 Juncotypus
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon psammophilum (L.A.S.Johnson) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 38 (2023)
species :
Juncus punctorius L.f.; Suppl. 208 (1781)
Distribution: Morocco; Algeria; Libya; Egypt; N-Chad (Tibesti); Sudan; Ethiopia; Eritrea; Somalia; Kenya; Angola; Zimbabwe; Namibia; South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, N-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Lesotho; Eswatini [Swaziland]; Iran (W-Iran); Lebanon (C-Lebanon); Israel (N-Israel); Sinai peninsula (S-Sinai); Jordania (E-Jordania, S-Jordanian Desert); Saudi Arabia (Asir); Yemen; Pakistan (Baluchistan, Sind, Baltistan)
20 ALG EGY LBY MOR 24 CHA ERI ETH SOM SUD 25 KEN 26 ANG ZIM 27 LES NAM SAF SWZ 34 IRN ISR JOR LEB SIN 35 SAU YEM 40 PAK
Remarks: subgen. Verojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus acutiflorus var. capensis Spreng. ex Buchenau; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 12: 277 (1890), nom. inval.
= Juncus balansae Trab.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 34: 396 (1887 publ. 1888), nom. inval.
= Juncus capensis var. capensis Spreng. ex Buchenau; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 12: 277 (1890), nom. inval.
= Juncus exaltatus Decne.; Ann. Sci. Nat. Ser. II. 2: 16 (1834)
= Juncus exaltatus var. capensis Kunth; Enum. Pl. 3: 329 (1841)
= Juncus mauritanicus Trab.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 34: 395 (1887)
= Juncus obtusiflorus var. latifolius Pau & Font Quer; Font Quer, Exsicc. (Iter Marocc.) 1927: no. 112 (1928)
= Juncus punctorius subsp. mauritanicus Trab.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 34: 395 (1887 publ. 1888)
= Juncus punctorius var. exaltatus (Decne.) Buchenau; Monogr. Junc. Cap. [Abh. Naturwiss. Ver. Bremen 4]: 428 (1875)
= Juncus punctorius var. mauritanicus (Trab.) Buchenau & Trab.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 12: 278 (1890)
= Juncus punctorius var. schimperi (Hochst. ex A.Rich.) Buchenau; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV 36: 163 (1906)
= Juncus schimperi Hochst. ex A.Rich.; Meianthus 2: 338 (1851)
= Verojuncus punctorius (L.f.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 32 (2023)
species :
Juncus pusillus Buchenau; Bremen, Abh. 6: 395 (1879)
Distribution: New Zealand (North Isl., South Isl., Stewart Isl.); Auckland Isl.
51 AUC NZL
Remarks: subgen. Verojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus capillaceus Hook.f.; Fl. Nov.-Zel. 1: 264 (1853), nom. illeg.
= Verojuncus pusillus (Buchenau) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 32 (2023)
species :
Juncus pygmaeus Rich. ex Thuill.; Fl. Env. Paris, ed. 2: 178 (1799)
Name: Zwerg-Binse (DE)
Distribution: England; Denmark; Netherlands; Belgium; Germany (Mecklenburg-Vorpommern [I], Schleswig-Holstein); Portugal; Spain; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Croatia; Greece; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; East Aegaean Isl.; Turkey (NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, W-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Lebanon (C-Lebanon)
10 DEN GRB 11 BGM GER NET 12 COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 CRO GRC ITA SIC 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN 34 CYP EAI LEB TUR
Remarks: subgen. Verojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncinella pygmaea (Rich. ex Thuill.) Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, n.s., 17: 171 (1869), nom. inval.
= Juncus bicephalus Viv.; Fl. Cors. Sp. Nov. 5 (1824)
= Juncus nanus Dubois; Method Eprouv. Pl. Fr. 276 (1803)
= Juncus pygmaeus f. lacustris (Lange) Fern.-Carv.; An. Jard. Bot. Madrid 39(2): 314 (1982 publ. 1983)
= Juncus pygmaeus f. pumilus Glück; Biol. Morphol. Untersuch. Wasser- Sumpfgew. 3: 625 (1911)
= Juncus pygmaeus f. submersus Glück; Biol. Morphol. Untersuch. Wasser- Sumpfgew. 3: 226 (1911)
= Juncus pygmaeus f. terrestris Glück; 321 (1923)
= Juncus pygmaeus var. bicephalus (Viv.) Buchenau; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV 36: 165 (1906), isonym
= Juncus pygmaeus var. bicephalus (Viv.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 749 (1882)
= Juncus pygmaeus var. brachycarpus P.Candargy; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 44: 373 (1897)
= Juncus pygmaeus var. lacustris Lange; Bot. Tidsskr., II 1: 276 (1872)
= Juncus pygmaeus var. minae Strobl ex Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 749 (1882), nom. inval.
= Juncus pygmaeus var. umbelloides Holkema; Plantengr. Ned. Noordzee-Eil.: 115 (1870)
= Verojuncus pygmaeus (Rich. ex Thuill.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 32 (2023)
species :
Juncus pylaei Laharpe; Essai Monogr. Jonc.: 31 (1825)
Distribution: USA (Connecticut, Delaware, Idaho [I], Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana [I], North Carolina, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, Vermont, Wisconsin, West Virginia)
73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 78 USA
Remarks: subgen. 2 Agathryon, sect. 3 Juncotypus
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon pylaei (Laharpe) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 37 (2023)
= Juncus effusus var. costulatus Fernald; Rhodora 23: 239 (1921)
= Juncus effusus var. pylaei (Laharpe) Fernald & Wiegand; Rhodora 12: 92 (1910)
species :
Juncus radula Buchenau; Krit. Verz. Junc. 38 (1880)
Distribution: Australia (New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Victoria, Western Australia)
50 AUS
Remarks: subgen. 2 Agathryon, sect. 3 Juncotypus
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon radula (Buchenau) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 38 (2023)
= Juncus radula var. laevior Buchenau; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 12: 241 (1890)
species :
Juncus ramboi Barros; Darwiniana 11: 283 (1957)
subspecies :
subsp. ramboi
Distribution: SE-Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina)
84 BRA
Remarks: subgen. 2 Agathryon, sect. 3 Juncotypus
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon ramboi (Barros) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 37 (2023)
= Juncus ramboi f. explicatus Barros; Darwiniana 11: 284 (1957)
subspecies :
subsp. colombianus Balslev; Brittonia 35(3): 305 (1983)
Distribution: Colombia (Boyacá, Cundinamarca)
82 CLM
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon ramboi subsp. colombianum (Balslev) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 37 (2023)
species :
Juncus ranarius Songeon & E.P.Perrier; P. C. Billot, Annot. Fl. France Allemagne: 192 (1859)
Name: Seaside rush (EN), Frosch-Binse (DE)
Distribution: Iceland; England; Ireland; Denmark; Norway; Sweden; Finland; Netherlands; Belgium; Germany (Brandenburg, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland [I], Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Croatia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; S-European Russia; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; C-European Russia; N-European Russia; W-European Russia; Ukraine; Crimea; Siberia (Altai, Buryatia, Chita, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva, W-Siberia, Yakutia); Russian Far East (Amur, Kamchatka, Khabarovsk, Kuril Isl., Magadan, Primorye, Sakhalin); Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; China; Mongolia; Alaska; Canada (Labrador, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Québec, Saskatchewan); St. Pierre et Miquelon; USA (Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Kansas, Massachusetts, Maine, Minnesota, Nebraska, New York, Wyoming)
10 DEN FIN GRB ICE IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN NET POL SWI 12 BAL COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BUL CRO ITA ROM SIC 14 BLR EST KRY LAT LIT RUS UKR 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ KGZ TZK 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 36 CHI 37 MON 70 ASK 71 CDN 72 CDN SPM 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA
Remarks: subgen. 2 Agathryon, sect. 1 Tenageia
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon ranarium (Songeon & E.P.Perrier) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 33 (2023)
= Juncus ambiguus T.A.Cope & C.A.Stace; Watsonia 12: 127 (1978), nom. illeg.
= Juncus ambiguus var. ossoraicus (Novikov) Novikov; Kharkev., Sosud. Rast. Sovet. Dal´nego Vostoka 1: 63 (1985)
= Juncus bufonius unranked congestus [Schousb. ex] Döll; Fl. Baden 1: 336 (1857), nom. illeg.
= Juncus bufonius subsp. nastanthus (V.I.Krecz. & Gontsch.) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung., 16(3-4): 366 (1970 publ. 1971)
= Juncus bufonius subsp. ranarius (Songeon & E.P.Perrier) Hiitonen; Suom. Putkilok. (Enum. Pl. Vasc. Fenn. Or.): 22 (1934)
= Juncus bufonius var. halophilus Buchenau & Fernald; Rhodora 6: 39 (1904)
= Juncus bufonius var. ranarius (Songeon & E.P.Perrier) Farw.; Pap. Michigan Acad. Sci. 19: 247 (1917), isonym
= Juncus bufonius var. ranarius (Songeon & E.P.Perrier) Syme; 35 (1870)
= Juncus hybridus subsp. nastanthus (V.I.Krecz. & Gontsch.) Novikov; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 15: 83 (1979)
= Juncus mutabilis var. ranarius (Songeon & E.P.Perrier) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 749 (1882)
= Juncus nastanthus V.I.Krecz. & Gontsch.; Kom., Fl. URSS 3: 517, 624 (1935)
= Juncus ranarius var. ossoraicus Novikov; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 19: 53 (1982)
= Tenageia ranaria (Songeon & E.P.Perrier) Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, n. s. 17: 172 (1869)
species :
Juncus ratkowskyanus L.A.S.Johnson; Aspects Tasmanian Bot.- Tribute Winifred Curtis (ed. M. R. Banks et al.): 43 (1991)
Distribution: Australia (Tasmania)
50 AUS
Remarks: subgen. Verojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Verojuncus ratkowskyanus (L.A.S.Johnson) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 32 (2023)
species :
Juncus rechingeri Snogerup; Fl. Iran. 75: 19 (1971)
Name: Rechinger´s rush (EN)
Distribution: N- & E-Spain; Uzbekistan; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia); Iran (EC-Iran, S-Iran, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Ghazni, Kabul, Paktia / Khost); Pakistan
12 SPA 32 UZB 34 AFG IRN TUR 40 PAK
Remarks: subgen. 2 Agathryon, sect. 1 Tenageia
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon rechingeri (Snogerup) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 33 (2023)
= Juncus bufonius var. rechingeri (Snogerup) Jafri; Fl. Pakistan, 138: 6 (1981)
species :
Juncus regelii Buchenau; Bot. Jahrb. 12: 414 (1890)
Name: Regel´s rush (EN)
Distribution: Canada (Alberta, British Columbia); USA (California, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, Washington State, Wyoming)
71 CDN 73 USA 76 USA
Remarks: subgen. Boreojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Boreojuncus regelii (Buchenau) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 24 (2023)
= Juncus jonesii Rydb.; Fl. Rocky Mts 153 (1917)
species :
Juncus remotiflorus L.A.S.Johnson; Telopea 5(2): 315 (1993)
Distribution: Australia (New South Wales, Queensland, Victoria)
50 AUS
Remarks: subgen. 2 Agathryon, sect. 3 Juncotypus
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon remotiflorum (L.A.S.Johnson) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 38 (2023)
species :
Juncus repens Michx.; Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 191 (1803)
Name: Lesser creeping rush (EN)
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia); Mexico (Tabasco); Cuba
74 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX 81 CUB
Remarks: subgen. Boreojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Boreojuncus repens (Michx.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 24 (2023)
= Cephaloxys flabellata Desv.; J. Bot. (Desvaux) 1: 324 (1809), nom. superfl.
= Juncus subincurvus Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 303 (1855)
= Tristemon repens (Michx.) Raf.; Autikon Bot. 190 (1840)
species :
Juncus requienii Parl.; Fl. Ital. 2: 346 (1857)
Distribution: Corsica
12 COR
Remarks: subgen. Verojuncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus alpinus subsp. requienii (Parl.) Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital. 716 (1882)
= Juncus alpinus subsp. requienii (Parl.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 748 (1882)
= Juncus alpinus var. requienii (Parl.) Husn.; Joncées: 15 (1908)
= Verojuncus requienii (Parl.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 32 (2023)
species :
Juncus revolutus R.Br.; Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland. 259 (1810)
Distribution: Australia (New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania)
50 AUS
Remarks: subgen. 2 Agathryon, sect. 2 Steirochloa
Synonyms: hidden
= Agathryon revolutum (R.Br.) Záv.Drábk. & Procków; Phytotaxa 622(1): 35 (2023)
= Juncus brownii F.Muell.; Linnaea 26: 245 (1853), pro syn.
species :
Juncus rigidus Desf.; Fl. Atlant. 1: 312 (1800)
Distribution: Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt (Desert Oases, Eastern Desert, Great Southwestern Desert, NE-Egypt, Nile Delta, Nile Valley, NW-coastal Egypt, SE-Egypt); Senegal; Mali; Niger; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; N-Chad; Sudan; Somalia; Soqotra; Angola; Zambia; Malawi; Zimbabwe; Mozambique; Namibia (incl. Caprivi Strip); Botswana; South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, N-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Lesotho; Eswatini [Swaziland]; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkey (S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia); Iraq (NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia, S-Iraq, W-Iraq: Desert); Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., W-Iran); Afghanistan (Herat, Kandahar); Cyprus (E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus); Israel (Rift Valley, N-Israel, coastal W-Israel); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, N-Sinai, S-Sinai); Jordania (E-Jordania, S-Jordania); Saudi Arabia (C-Saudi Arabia, Midyan, Asir, Nejd Desert, NE-Saudi Arabia, N-Saudi Arabia); Kuwait; Bahrain; Qatar; United Arab Emirates; Oman (Dhofar); Pakistan
12 SAR 13 ITA SIC 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 22 MLI NGR SEN 23 ZAI 24 CHA SOC SOM SUD 26 ANG MLW MOZ ZAM ZIM 27 BOT LES NAM SAF SWZ 32 KGZ TKM TZK UZB 34 AFG CYP IRN IRQ ISR JOR SIN TUR 35 BAR KUW OMA QAT SAU UAE 40 PAK
Remarks: subgen. 1 Juncus, sect. Juncus
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus arabicus (Asch. & Buchenau ex Boiss.) Adamson; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. I. 10 (1935)
= Juncus maritimus f. rigidus (Desf.) Maire & Weiller; Fl. Afrique N. 4: 281 (1957)
= Juncus maritimus subsp. rigidus (Desf.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 745 (1882)
= Juncus maritimus var. arabicus Asch. & Buchenau; P. E. Boissier, Fl. Orient. 5: 354 (1882)
= Juncus maritimus var. biancae Lojac.; Fl. Sicul. 3: 152 (1909)
= Juncus maritimus var. rigidus (Desf.) Rouy; G. Rouy & J. Foucaud, Fl. France 13: 231 (1912)
= Juncus nevskii V.I.Krecz. & Gontsch.; Kom., Fl. URSS 3: 545, 629 (1935)
= Juncus procerus Bianca; Atti Acc. Gioenia Sci. Nat. Catania, II 3: 65 (1846), nom. illeg.
species :
Juncus roemerianus Scheele; Linnaea 22: 348 (1849)
Name: Needlegrass rush (EN)
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Texas, Virginia); Bermuda; Bahamas;