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V. 13.2
July 2nd, 2022

161.0000 Family Juncaceae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 43 (1789), nom. cons.
8 genera, ca. 470 spp.
Species listed in database: 477; hybrids: 45
161.0008 Genus Juncus L.; Sp. Pl. 1: 325 (1753)
Distribution: cosmopolitan, mostly in cool and temperate climates, many subarctic, few in Africa
Species listed in database: 341; hybrids: 26
= Cephaloxys Desv., Journ. Bot. 1: (1808) 321
= Isoetes Weigel, Obs. Bot. (1772) 36. t. 2. f. 7
= Juncastrum Fourr., Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, n. s., 17: 171 (1869), nom. inval.
= Juncinella Fourr., Ann. Soc. L. Lyon, N. S. 17: (1869) 171
= Microschoenus C.B.Clarke ex Hook.fil., Fl. Brit. Ind. 6: (1894) 675
= Phylloschoenus Fourr., Ann. Soc. L. Lyon, N. S. 17: (1869) 171
= Stygiaria Ehrh., Beitr. 4: (1789) 146
= Tenageia Ehrh., Beitr. 4: 148 (1789)
= Tristemon Raf., Fl. Tellur. 4: 32 (1838), nom. illeg.
species :
Juncus abortivus Chapm.; Fl. S. U. St. 495 (1860)
Name: Annual rush
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Florida, Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia)
78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus pelocarpus var. crassicaudex Engelm., Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 2: 456 (1866)
species :
Juncus acuminatus Michx.; Fl. Bor. Am. 1: 192 (1803)
Name: Tapertip rush
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Iowa, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, Montana, North Carolina, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, Vermont, Washington State, Wisconsin, West Virginia); Canada (British Columbia, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Québec); Mexico (Aguascalientes, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Sonora, Veracruz, Zacatecas); Honduras; Chile [I]; Australia [I] (New South Wales [I], Tasmania [I]); Hawaii [I] (Maui [I], Hawaii Isl. [I]); New Zealand [I]
50 aus 51 nzl 63 haw 71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX 80 HON 85 cle
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus acuminatus var. legitimus Engelm., A. Gray, Manual, ed. 5: 542 (1867)
= Juncus acuminatus var. multiceps (Kunze ex Kunth) Barros, Darwiniana 10: 437 (1953)
= Juncus bolanderi var. riparius Jeps., Fl. Calif. 1: 255 (1921)
= Juncus fraternus Kunth, Enum. Pl. 3: 340 (1841)
= Juncus multiceps Kunze ex Kunth, Enum. Pl. 3: 337 (1841)
= Juncus paradoxus E.Mey., Syn. Junc. 30 (1822)
= Juncus polycephalus var. paradoxus (E.Mey.) Torr., Fl. New York 2: 327 (1847)
= Juncus pondii Wood, Class-Book (1861) 724
= Juncus sylvaticus Muhl., Cat. 36 (1817)
= Tristemon album Raf., Autikon Bot. 191 (1840)
= Tristemon macrocarpon Raf., Autikon Bot. 191 (1840)
species :
Juncus acutiflorus Ehrh. ex Hoffm.; Deutschl. Fl. 125 (1791)
Name: Spitzblütige Binse (DE), Sharpflower rush (EN)
Distribution: Albania; Austria; Belgium; Luxembourg; England; Channel Isl.; Bulgaria; Corsica; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Denmark; Faeroe Isl.; France; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Greece; Ireland; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Switzerland; Spain; Andorra; Italy; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Serbia & Kosovo; Montenegro; Macedonia; Slovenia; Croatia; Portugal; Norway; Poland; Romania; C-European Russia; +Lithuania; W-Ukraine; Crimea [I]; Sardinia; Turkey (Inner Anatolia); European Turkey; Morocco; Iraq (NE-Iraq); Pakistan (Baluchistan); New Zealand [I]; St. Pierre et Miquelon [I]
10 DEN FOR GRB IRE NOR 11 AUT BGM CZE GER LIE LUX POL SLO SWI 12 ADO CIS COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA MNT NMA ROM SLV SRB TUE 14 kry LIT RUS UKR 20 MOR 34 IRQ TUR 40 PAK 51 nzl 72 spm
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus acutiflorus coarctatus G.Mey., Chloris Han.: 566 (1836), nom. inval.
= Juncus acutiflorus effusus G.Mey., Chloris Han.: 566 (1836)
= Juncus acutiflorus f. fluitans (A.F.Schwarz) Hegi, 170 (1909)
= Juncus acutiflorus f. pallescens (W.D.J.Koch) Hegi, 170 (1909)
= Juncus acutiflorus rufus Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 468 (1904)
= Juncus acutiflorus ssp. brevirostris (Nees ex Bluff & Fingerh.) Schübl. & G.Martens, 235 (1834)
= Juncus acutiflorus ssp. multiflorus Asch. & Graebn., Syn.Mitteleur.Fl.2(2): 468 (1904)
= Juncus acutiflorus var. brevirostris (Nees) Bluff, Comp. Fl. German., ed. 2, 1: 565 (1836), nom. inval.
= Juncus acutiflorus var. confertus (Lange) Hegi, 170 (1909)
= Juncus acutiflorus var. exoletus Rchb., J. C. Mössler, Handb. Gewächsk. ed. 3 1: 607 (1833)
= Juncus acutiflorus var. fluitans A.F.Schwarz, 802 (1902)
= Juncus acutiflorus var. hagenbachianus Gaudin, Fl. Helv. 2: 551 (1828)
= Juncus acutiflorus var. laxus Spenn., Fl. Friburg. 1: 184 (1825)
= Juncus acutiflorus var. macrocephalus Schur, 69 (1851), nom. inval.
= Juncus acutiflorus var. macrocephalus Syme, 30 (1870)
= Juncus acutiflorus var. microcephalus Husn., Joncées: 14 (1908), nom. illeg.
= Juncus acutiflorus var. microcephalus Rchb., Fl. Germ. Excurs. 96 (1830)
= Juncus acutiflorus var. minor J.Gay ex Laharpe, Essai Monogr. Jonc.: 40 (1825)
= Juncus acutiflorus var. multiflorus Weihe ex Boenn., Prodr. Fl. Monast. Westphal. 103 (1824)
= Juncus acutiflorus var. multiflorus Weihe ex Spenn., Fl. Friburg. 1: 184 (1825)
= Juncus acutiflorus var. nemorosus Wimm. & Grab., Fl. Siles. 1: 336 (1827)
= Juncus acutiflorus var. pauciflorus Spenn., Fl. Friburg. 1: 184 (1825)
= Juncus acutiflorus var. pratensis Wimm. & Grab., Fl. Siles. 1: 336 (1827)
= Juncus acutiflorus var. repens J.Gay ex Laharpe, Essai Monogr. Jonc.: 40 (1825)
= Juncus acutiflorus var. tenuifolius Gaudin, Fl. Helv. 2: 551 (1828)
= Juncus acutiflorus var. viviparus Spenn., Fl. Friburg. 1: 184 (1825)
= Juncus acutiflorus wulfenii Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 468 (1904)
= Juncus articulatus var. sylvaticus Leers, 88 (1775)
= Juncus brevirostris Nees, Bluff. & Fingerh. Comp. Fl. Germ. ed. I. 1: 432 (1825)
= Juncus foliosus Hoppe, Neues Bot. Taschenb. Anfänger Wiss. Apothekerkunst 21: 159 (1810), nom. superfl.
= Juncus lampocarpus var. acutiflorus (Ehrh. ex Hoffm.) Neilr., Fl. Wien: 97 (1846)
= Juncus micranthus Desv., 82 (1818), nom. rej.
= Juncus nemorosus Sibth., Fl. Oxon. 114 (1794)
= Juncus rufus Miel. ex Huebener, Flora, 22: (1839) 490
= Juncus spadiceus Schreb., Schweigg. & Körte, Fl. Erlang. 148 (1811), nom. illeg.
= Juncus sylvaticus brevirostris Rouy, G. Rouy & J. Foucaud, Fl. France 13: 242 (1912), nom. superfl.
= Juncus sylvaticus ssp. brevirostris (Nees ex Bluff & Fingerh.) Garcke, 479 (1848)
= Juncus sylvaticus subvar. pallescens (W.D.J.Koch) Rouy, G. Rouy & J. Foucaud, Fl. France 13: 242 (1912)
= Juncus sylvaticus var. brachiatus Lojac., Fl. Sicul. 3: 158 (1909)
= Juncus sylvaticus var. congestus Lange, Vidensk. Meddel. Naturhist. Foren. Kjøbenhavn 2: 67 (1860)
= Juncus sylvaticus var. macrocephalus W.D.J.Koch, Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv.: 729 (1837)
= Juncus sylvaticus var. major Parl., Fl. Ital. 2: 337 (1852), nom. superfl.
= Juncus sylvaticus var. pallens M.Loehr, 696 (1852), nom. illeg.
= Juncus sylvaticus var. pallescens W.D.J.Koch, Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv.: 729 (1837)
= Juncus sylvaticus var. pallidus Tourlet, 517 (1908)
= Juncus sylvaticus var. paniculatus Lojac., Fl. Sicul. 3: 158 (1909)
= Juncus sylvaticus var. virescens Döll, 329 (1856)
= Juncus sylvaticus var. virescens Lojac., Fl. Sicul. 3: 158 (1909), nom. illeg.
= Juncus sylvaticus var. viviparus Lange ex Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hisp. 1: 185 (1861)
= Juncus sylvaticus virescens Döll, Fl. Baden 1: 329 (1857)
= Phylloschoenus acutiflorus (Ehrh. ex Hoffm.) Fourr., Ann. Soc. L. Lyon, N. S. 17: (1869) 172
species :
Juncus acutus L.; Sp. Pl. 325 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. acutus
Name: Stechende Binse (DE); Sharp Rush (EN); Junco comun (ES)
Distribution: Albania; Baleares; England; Channel Isl.; Corsica; Crete; France; Greece; Ireland; Spain; Italy; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Serbia & Kosovo; Montenegro; Macedonia; Slovenia; Croatia; Portugal; Sardinia; Sicily; Algeria; Libya; Morocco; Tunisia; Western Sahara; Armenia; Georgia [Caucasus]; Northern Caucasus; Azerbaijan; Turkmenistan; Turkey (N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); European Turkey; Iran (N-Iran); Iraq (NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia); Israel (C-Israel, coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel); Jordania (E-Jordania, S-Jordania); Kuwait; Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Oman (Mascat & Oman); Saudi Arabia (C-Saudi Arabia, NE-Saudi Arabia, N-Saudi Arabia, Asir); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, N-Sinai); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, W-Syrian Mountains); Yemen (coastal Hadhramaut, Inner Hadhramaut); Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, La Palma Isl.); Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); N-New Zealand [I]
10 GRB IRE 12 BAL CIS COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH CRO GRC ITA KRI MNT NMA SIC SLV SRB TUE 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN WSA 21 CNY 32 TKM 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SIN SYR TUR 35 KUW OMA SAU YEM 50 aus 51 nzl
Remarks: acutus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus acutus megalocarpus Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 453 (1904), nom. inval.
= Juncus acutus ssp. decompositus (Guss.) Arcang., Comp. Fl. Ital.: 715 (1882)
= Juncus acutus ssp. multibracteatus (Tineo) K.Richt., Pl. Eur. 1: 179 (1890)
= Juncus acutus ssp. variegatus (Caruel) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 746 (1882)
= Juncus acutus var. conglobatus Trautv., Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 5: 480 (1878), nom. inval.
= Juncus acutus var. conglomeratus Buchenau, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 12: 250 (1890), nom. inval.
= Juncus acutus var. decompositus Guss., Enum. Pl. Inarim.: 345 (1854)
= Juncus acutus var. effusus Buchenau, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 12: 250 (1890)
= Juncus acutus var. longibracteatus Buchenau, P. E. Boiss., Fl. Orient. 5: 354 (1882)
= Juncus karelinii Steud., Syn. Pl. Cyp. 397 (1855)
= Juncus multibracteatus Tineo, Guss. Suppl. Fl. Sic. Prod. 96 (1832)
= Juncus spinosus Forssk., Fl. Aegypt. Arab. 75 (1775)
= Juncus variegatus Caruel, Nuov. Giorn. Bot. 2: (1870) 276
subspecies :
subsp. leopoldi (Parl.) Snogerup; Bot. Not. 131: 187 (1978)
Name: Leopold´s rush
Distribution: Portugal [I]; Spain [I]; Azores (Santa Maria Isl., Sao Miguel Isl., Terceira, Graciosa, Sao Jorge, Pico, Faial, Flores Isl., Corvo Isl.); Madeira (Madeira Isl., Porto Santo Isl.); Canary Isl. (Lanzarote); ?Algeria; Morocco; Cape Verde Isl. (Santo Antao Isl., Sao Vicente Isl.); South Africa (Free State, N-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Ascension Isl.; Egypt (Desert Oases, NE-Egypt, Nile Delta, Nile Valley, NW-coastal Egypt, SE-Egypt); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Cordoba, La Pampa, La Rioja, Mendoza, Rio Negro, Salta, Santa Fe, San Juan, San Luis, Tucuman); S-Brazil (Santa Catarina); Chile (Antofagasta, Atacama, Coquimbo, Valparaiso, Los Lagos, Reg. Metropolitana); Uruguay (Montevideo, San Jose); USA (California, Nevada, Arizona); Bermuda; Mexico (Baja California Norte, Baja California Sur, Sonora)
12 por spa 20 EGY MOR 21 AZO CNY CVI MDR 27 SAF 28 ASC 76 USA 79 MEX 81 BER 84 BRA 85 ARG CLE URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus acutus f. xanthosus Jeps., Fl. Calif. 1: 249 (1921)
= Juncus acutus var. leopoldii (Parl.) Buchenau, Monogr. Junc. Cap: 421 (1875)
= Juncus acutus var. sphaerocarpus Engelm., Rep. U. S. Geol. Survey, Bot. 6: 376 (1878)
= Juncus leopoldii Parl., Giorn. Bot. Ital. 2: I. (1846) 324
= Juncus robustus S.Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 14: 302 (1879)
species :
Juncus aemulans Liebm.; Kjoeb. Vidensk. Meddel. (1850) 38
Distribution: Guatemala; Mexico (Chiapas, Ciudad de Mexico, Hidalgo, Mexico State, Oaxaca, Veracruz)
79 MEX 80 GUA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus effusus var. aemulans (Liebm.) Buchenau, Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 36: 136 (1905)
species :
Juncus alatus Franch. & Sav.; Enum. Pl. Jap. 2: 98 (1876)
Distribution: China (Hebei, Shanxi, Gansu, Shandong, Jiangsu, Anhui, Zhejiang, Jiangxi, Fujian, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Guangdong, Guangxi, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan); Japan (Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu); North Korea; South Korea
36 CHI 38 JAP KOR NKO
species :
Juncus albescens (Lange) Fernald; Rhodora 26: 202 (1924)
Name: Northern white rush
Distribution: Alaska; USA (Colorado, Idaho, Montana, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Wyoming); Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Labrador, Manitoba, Newfoundland, Northern Territories, Nunavut, Ontario, Québec, Saskatchewan, Yukon); Greenland; Russian Far East (Kamchatka); Siberia (NE-Siberia)
30 SIB 31 RFE 70 ASK CDN GNL 71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 76 USA 77 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus triglumis ssp. albescens (Lange) Hultén, Kongl. Svenska Vetenskapsakad. Handl., IV, 8(5): 241 (1962)
= Juncus triglumis var. albescens Lange, Consp. Fl. Groenland.: 123 (1880)
species :
Juncus alexandri L.A.S.Johnson; Aspects Tasmanian Bot. - Tribute Winifred Curtis (ed. M. R. Banks et al.): 37 (1991)
subspecies :
subsp. alexandri
Distribution: Australia (Victoria, New South Wales)
50 AUS
subspecies :
subsp. melanobasis L.A.S.Johnson; Aspects Tasmanian Bot. - Tribute Winifred Curtis (ed. M. R. Banks et al.): 38 (1991)
Distribution: Australia (New South Wales)
50 AUS
species :
Juncus allioides Franch.; Nouv. Arch. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris sér. 2, 10- 99 (1887)
Distribution: N-India (Jammu & Kashmir, Sikkim, Chumbi, Khasia, etc.); Bhutan; Nepal; Tibet; China (Gansu, Guizhou, Henan, Hubei, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan)
36 CHI TIB 40 BHU IND NEP
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus macranthus Buchenau, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 12: 398 (1890)
= Juncus yunnanensis A.Camus, Notul. Syst. (Paris) 1: 275 (1910)
= Rhynchospora mairei H.Lév., Cat. Pl. Yunnan: 80 (1916)
species :
Juncus alpigenus K.Koch; Linnaea 21: 627 (1848)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia); Armenia; Georgia [Caucasus]; Northern Caucasus; Azerbaijan
33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus melanocephalus Boiss. & Kotschy, P. E. Boiss., Fl. Orient. 5: 360 (1884), nom. illeg.
species :
Juncus alpinoarticulatus Chaix; Vill. Hist. Pl. Dauph. 1: 378 (1786)
subspecies :
subsp. alpinoarticulatus
Name: Alpen-Binse (DE)
Distribution: Albania; Austria; England; Bulgaria; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Denmark; Finland; France; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, +Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, +Schleswig-Holstein, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Greece; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Netherlands; Hungary; Iceland; Italy; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Serbia & Kosovo; Montenegro; Macedonia; Slovenia; Croatia; Norway; Poland; Romania; N-European Russia; W-European Russia; C-European Russia; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Ukraine; Sweden; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Azerbaijan; Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia); European Turkey
10 DEN FIN GRB ICE NOR SWE 11 AUT CZE GER HUN LIE NET POL SLO SWI 12 FRA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA MNT NMA ROM SLV SRB TUE 14 EST LAT LIT RUS UKR 30 SIB 33 AZE GEO NCS 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus acutiflorus var. alpinus (Vill.) Gaudin, Agrost. Helv. 2: 223 (1811)
= Juncus alpinoarticulatus ssp. alpinus (Vill.) O.Schwarz, Mitt. Thüring. Bot. Ges. 1: 90 (1949)
= Juncus alpinoarticulatus ssp. arthrophyllus (Brenner) Reichg., S. J. van Ooststroom & al., Fl. Neerl. 1(6): 195 (1964)
= Juncus alpinoarticulatus ssp. fuscoater (Schreb.) O.Schwarz, Mitt. Thüring. Bot. Ges. 1(1): 90 (1949)
= Juncus alpinus carpaticus (Simonk.) Degen ex Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 473 (1904), nom. illeg.
= Juncus alpinus f. giganteus Erdner, 560 (1911)
= Juncus alpinus mucroniflorus (Clairv.) Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 472 (1904), nom. inval.
= Juncus alpinus pygmaeus (Salis ex Buchenau) Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 473 (1904)
= Juncus alpinus ssp. arthrophyllus (Brenner) Hyl., Nord. Kärlväxtfl. 1: 171 (1953), nom. inval.
= Juncus alpinus ssp. australis Hyl., Uppsala Univ. Årsskr. 1945(7): 107 (1945), nom. inval.
= Juncus alpinus ssp. mucroniflorus Lindm., 155 (1918)
= Juncus alpinus var. carpaticus (Simonk.) T.Georgiev & Kozhukhov, Fl. Bulg. 2: 167 (1965)
= Juncus alpinus var. fuscoater (Schreb.) Rchb., Exsicc. (Fl. Germ.) 1845: 159 (1845)
= Juncus alpinus var. grandiflorus Beyer, Progr. Andr. Realgymn. Berlin 1891: 27 (1891)
= Juncus alpinus var. subglobosus Döll, 179 (1843)
= Juncus alpinus Vill., Hist. Pl. Dauph. 2: 233 (1787) nom. illeg.
= Juncus aquaticus ssp. fuscoater (Schreb.) Hagenb., Tent. Fl. Basil. 1: 327 (1821)
= Juncus articulatus ssp. suteri Uechtr., 91 (1832)
= Juncus articulatus var. alpinus Jess., 511 (1879)
= Juncus carpaticus f. minor Zapal., 100 (1906)
= Juncus carpaticus Simonk., Term. Füz. 10: 184 (1886)
= Juncus fuscoater coarctatus G.Mey., Chloris Han.: 566 (1836), nom. inval.
= Juncus fuscoater Schreb., Schweigg. & Körte, Fl. Erlang. 149 (1811)
= Juncus fuscoater ssp. arthrophylla Brenner, Meddeland. Soc. Fauna Fl. Fenn. 16: 56 (1889)
= Juncus fuscoater var. microcarpus Brenner, Meddeland. Soc. Fauna Fl. Fenn. 16: 55 (1889)
= Juncus fuscoater var. minor Spenn., Fl. Friburg. 1: 183 (1825)
= Juncus geniculatus ssp. arthrophyllus (Brenner) Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung., 23(3-4): 388 [1977] (1978)
= Juncus lampocarpus ssp. alpinus (Vill. ex Ces.) Ces.in Car.Catt., 317 (1844)
= Juncus lampocarpus var. microcephalus Peterm., Flora 27: 362 (1844)
= Juncus lampocarpus var. obtusiflorus Neilr., Fl. Wien: 97 (1846)
= Juncus lampocarpus var. pygmaeus Salis ex Buchenau, Krit. Verz. Juncac.: 65 (1880)
= Juncus microcarpus Nolte ex Gaudin, 553 (1828), nom. inval.
= Juncus mucroniflorus Clairv., Man. Herb. 104 (1811), nom. illeg.
= Juncus sosnowskyi Novikov, Byull. Moskovsk. Obshch. Isp. Prir., Otd. Biol. 94(1): 110 (1989)
= Juncus ustulatus Hoppe, Anleit. Graes. 30 (1819)
= Juncus ustulatus var. alpinus (Vill.) Gaudin, Fl. Helv. 2: 553 (1828)
subspecies :
subsp. alpestris (C.Hartm.) Hämet-Ahti; Ann. Bot. Fenn., 17(3): 342 (1980)
Distribution: Finland; Iceland; Norway; Sweden; N-European Russia
10 FIN ICE NOR SWE 14 RUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus alpestris Hartm., Handb. Skand. Fl.: 141 (1820)
= Juncus alpinus f. obtusatus (Hartm.) Lindq., Bot. Not. 1932: 354 (1932)
= Juncus alpinus ssp. alpestris (Hartm.) Á.Löve & D.Löve, Rit Landbúnaoard. Atvinnud. Háskólans, B 3: 23 (1948)
= Juncus alpinus var. alpestris (Hartm.) Almq., Handb. Skand. Fl. ed. 11: 422 (1879)
= Juncus alpinus var. uniceps (Laest. ex Wahlenb.) Hartm., Handb. Skand. Fl., ed. 7: 240 (1858)
= Juncus nodulosus f. uniceps (Laest. ex Wahlenb.) Schljakov, Fl. Murm. Prov. 2: 172 (1954), nom. inval.
= Juncus nodulosus var. alpestris (Hartm.) Schljakov, Fl. Murm. Prov. 2: 172 (1954), nom. inval.
= Juncus nodulosus var. biceps Laest. ex Wahlenb., Fl. Suec., ed. 2: 1090 (1833)
= Juncus nodulosus var. uniceps Laest. ex Wahlenb., Fl. Suec., ed. 2: 1090 (1833)
= Juncus rariflorus var. obtusatus Hartm., Handb. Skand. Fl.: 141 (1820)
= Juncus ustulatus var. alpestris (Hartm.) Hartm., Handb. Skand. Fl., ed. 2: 94 (1832)
subspecies :
subsp. americanus (Farw.) Hämet-Ahti; Ann. Bot. Fenn., 23(4): 277 (1986)
Name: Northern green rush
Distribution: Alaska; USA (Colorado, Iowa, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Massachusetts, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, North Dakota, Nebraska, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Utah, Vermont, Washington State, Wisconsin, Wyoming); Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Labrador, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Northern Territories, Ontario, Prince Edward Isl., Québec, Saskatchewan, Yukon); Russian Far East (incl. Kamchatka); Siberia (NE-Siberia)
30 SIB 31 RFE 70 ASK CDN 71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus affinis R.Br., J. Franklin, Narr. Journey Polar Sea: 735 (1823), nom. illeg.
= Juncus alpinus var. americanus Farw., Amer. Midl. Naturalist 11: 74 (1928)
= Juncus alpinus var. insignis Fr. ex Buchenau, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 12: 374 (1890)
= Juncus richardsonianus Schult. & Schult.fil., Syst. Veg. 7(1): 201 (1829)
subspecies :
subsp. fischerianus (Turcz. ex V.I.Krecz.) Hämet-Ahti; Mem. Soc. Fauna Flora Fenn., 56(4): 97 (1980)
Distribution: Finland; Estonia; W-European Russia; N-European Russia; Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia, NE-Siberia); Russian Far East; Kazakhstan; Mongolia; Kyrgyzstan
10 FIN 14 EST RUS 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ KGZ 37 MON
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus alpinus var. macrocephalus Hyl., Bot. Not. 1953: 353 (1953)
= Juncus fischerianus Turcz. ex V.I.Krecz., Fl. Transbaical. 2: 142 (1931)
subspecies :
subsp. fuscescens (Fernald) Hämet-Ahti; Ann. Bot. Fenn., 23(4): 280 (1986)
Distribution: USA (Minnesota, Wisconsin, Michigan, New York)
74 USA 75 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus alpinus var. fuscescens Fernald, Rhodora 10: 48 (1908)
subspecies :
subsp. rariflorus (Hartm.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 23: 413 (1988)
Distribution: Denmark; Finland; Scotland; Iceland; Norway; Sweden; N-European Russia; Siberia (W-Siberia); Estonia; Latvia
10 DEN FIN GRB ICE NOR SWE 14 EST LAT RUS 30 SIB
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus alpinoarticulatus ssp. nodulosus (Wahlenb.) Hämet-Ahti, Ann. Bot. Fenn. 17: 342 (1980)
= Juncus alpinoarticulatus var. marshallii (Pugsley) P.D.Sell, P. D. Sell & G. Murrell, Fl. Great Britain & Ireland, 5: 363 (1996)
= Juncus alpinus f. grandiceps Lindq., Bot. Not. 1932: 354 (1932)
= Juncus alpinus f. pygmaeus Lindq., Bot. Not. 1932: 355 (1932), nom. illeg.
= Juncus alpinus ssp. nodulosus (Wahlenb.) Lindm., Sv. Fanerogamfl.: 155 (1918)
= Juncus alpinus ssp. rariflorus (Hartm.) K.Richt., Pl. Eur. 1: 181 (1890)
= Juncus alpinus var. marshallii (Pugsley) Lindq., Bot. Not. 1932: 355 (1932)
= Juncus alpinus var. rariflorus (Hartm.) Hartm., Handb. Skand. Fl., ed. 7: 240 (1858)
= Juncus marshallii Pugsley, J. Bot. 69: 279 (1931)
= Juncus nodulosus var. marshallii (Pugsley) P.W.Richards, T. G. Tutin & E. F. Warb., Fl. Brit. Isles: 1251 (1952)
= Juncus nodulosus Wahlenb., Fl. Upsal.: 114 (1820)
= Juncus rariflorus Hartm., Handb. Skand. Fl.: 141 (1820)
= Juncus ustulatus var. rariflorus (Hartm.) Lange, Haandb. Danske Fl.: 213 (1851)
species :
Juncus amabilis Edgar; N. Zeal. Journ. Bot. 2: 186 (1964)
Distribution: Australia (Western Australia, South Australia, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania); N-New Zealand [I]; England [I]
10 grb 50 AUS 51 nzl
species :
Juncus amplifolius A.Camus; Notul. Syst. (Paris) 1: 281 (1910)
Distribution: China (Gansu, Qinghai, Shanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan); Tibet; Bhutan; Myanmar; E-Nepal; N-India (Sikkim)
36 CHI TIB 40 BHU IND NEP 41 MYA
species :
Juncus amuricus (Maxim.) V.I.Krecz. & Gontsch.; Kom., Fl. URSS, 3: 516 (1935)
Distribution: Russian Far East (Amur, Primorye)
31 RFE
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus bufonius var. amuricus Maxim., Mém. Sav. Étr. Acad. St. Pétersbourg 9: 294 (1859)
= Juncus sphaerocarpus var. amuricus (Maxim.) Buchenau, Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 36: 108 (1906)
species :
Juncus anatolicus Snogerup; Bot. Notiser 131: 194, t. 2D, 3 middle right (1978)
Distribution: Turkey (N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, W-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Juncus anceps LaHarpe; Mém. Soc. Hist. Nat. Paris 3: 126 (1827)
Name: Zweischneidige Binse (DE)
Distribution: Albania; Belgium; Corsica; Denmark; France; Germany (Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Schleswig-Holstein); Greece; Netherlands; ?Spain; Italy; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Serbia & Kosovo; Montenegro; Macedonia; Slovenia; Croatia; Finland [I]; Sardinia; S-Sweden; Algeria; Morocco; Tunisia
10 DEN fin SWE 11 BGM GER NET 12 COR FRA SAR 13 ALB BIH CRO GRC ITA MNT NMA SLV SRB 20 ALG MOR TUN
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus alpinoarticulatus ssp. atricapillus (Drejer ex Lange) Reichg., C. J. van Ooststroom & al., Fl. Neerl. 1(6): 193 (1964)
= Juncus anceps atricapillus (Drejer ex Lange) Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 475 (1904)
= Juncus anceps f. herzegovinus (Sagorski) Lindq., Bot. Not. 1932: 351 (1932)
= Juncus anceps ssp. atricapillus (Drejer ex Lange) Hegi, 172 (1909)
= Juncus anceps ssp. herzegovinus Sagorski, Mitth. Thüring. Bot. Vereins, n. s., 16: 36 (1901)
= Juncus anceps var. atricapillus (Drejer ex Lange) Buchenau, Ber. Deutsch. Bot. Ges. 1: 493 (1883)
= Juncus anceps var. congestus Lange, Haandb. Danske Fl., ed. 2: 237 (1856)
= Juncus anceps var. sparsiflorus Lange, Haandb. Danske Fl., ed. 2: 237 (1856)
= Juncus atricapillus Drejer, Kroyers, Tidsskrift, 2: (1838) 182 ex Lange (1851)
= Juncus atricapillus ssp. anceps (Laharpe) K.Richt., Pl. Eur. 1: 181 (1890), nom. illeg.
species :
Juncus andersonii Buchenau; Engl. Pflanzenreich, Juncac. 202 (1906)
Distribution: Uruguay
85 URU
species :
Juncus andinus Balslev; Phytotaxa 376(2): 98 (2018)
Distribution: Ecuador; Peru
83 ECU PER
species :
Juncus antarcticus Hook.; Fl. Antarct. 79. t. 46 (1844)
Distribution: Australia (New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania); New Zealand (incl. Stewart Isl.); Auckland Isl.; Chatham Isl.
50 AUS 51 AUC CTM NZL
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus brevifolius Kirk, Journ. L. Soc. 19: (1882) 286 [non Liebm.]
= Juncus pauciflorus Kirk, Trans. N. Z. Inst. 9: (1877) 551 [non R. Br.]
species :
Juncus anthelatus (Wiegand) R.E.Brooks; Novon, 9(1): 11 (1999)
Name: Greater poverty rush
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, Georgia, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, New Hampshire, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Vermont, Wisconsin, West Virginia); Canada (New Brunswick, Ontario, Québec); New Zealand [I]
51 nzl 72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus macer f. anthelatus (Wiegand) F.J.Herm., Rhodora 40: 81 (1938)
= Juncus macer f. discretiflorus F.J.Herm., Rhodora 40: 82 (1938)
= Juncus macer var. anthelatus (Wiegand) Fernald, J. Bot. 68: 367 (1930)
= Juncus tenuis f. discretiflorus (F.J.Herm.) Fernald, Rhodora 47: 123 (1945)
= Juncus tenuis ssp. anthelatus (Wiegand) Verloove & Lambinon, New J. Bot. 1(1): 39 (2011)
= Juncus tenuis var. anthelatus Wiegand, Bull. Torr. Bot. Club 27: 523 (1900)
species :
Juncus arcticus Willd.; Sp. Pl. 2: 206 (1799)
subspecies :
subsp. arcticus
Name: Arktische Binse, Arctic rush
Distribution: Austria; Finland; France; Switzerland; Iceland; Italy; Norway; N-European Russia; Svalbard; Sweden; Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Russian Far East (incl. Kamchatka); Kazakhstan; USA [I] (Minnesota [I])
10 FIN ICE NOR SVA SWE 11 AUT SWI 12 FRA 13 ITA 14 RUS 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ 75 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus acuminatus Balb., Elench. 87 (1803)
= Juncus arcticus var. depauperatus Trautv., Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 5(1): 118 (1877)
= Juncus arcticus var. muelleri (Trautv.) Kovt., Izvest. SO AN URSS 6, ser. Biol. 1: 43 (1985)
= Juncus arcticus var. tuvinicus Polozhij, Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 11: 319 (1974)
= Juncus muelleri Trautv., Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 5: 119 (1877)
= Juncus pauciflorus Moench ex Schleich., Cat. Pl. Helv. 57 (1800)
subspecies :
subsp. alaskanus Hultén; Acta Univ. Lund., n. s., 39(2): 441 (1943)
Name: Alaska rush
Distribution: Alaska; Canada (British Columbia, Labrador, Manitoba, Newfoundland, Northern Territories, Nunavut, Ontario, Québec, Yukon)
70 ASK CDN 71 CDN 72 CDN
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus arcticus var. alaskanus (Hultén) Novikov, Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast., 19: 55 (1982)
= Juncus arcticus var. alaskanus (Hultén) S.L.Welsh
= Juncus balticus var. alaskanus (Hultén) A.E.Porsild
subspecies :
subsp. grubovii (Novikov) Novikov, Kirschner & Snogerup; Preslia 74: 252 (2002)
Distribution: Siberia (C-Siberia, NE-Siberia); Mongolia
30 SIB 37 MON
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus grubovii Novikov, Byull. Mosk. Obshch. Ispyt. Prir., Biol., 86(5): 103 (1981)
= Juncus muelleri ssp. grubovii (Novikov) Novikov, Byull. Mosk. Obshch. Ispyt. Prir., Biol., 95(5): 116 (1990)
species :
Juncus arequipensis Balslev; Brittonia, 35(3): 302 (1983)
Distribution: Argentina (Buenos Aires, Entre Rios)
85 ARG
species :
Juncus aridicola L.A.S.Johnson; J. M. Black, Fl. S. Austr., ed. 3, 1: 322 (1978)
Distribution: Australia (Western Australia, Northern Territory, South Australia, Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria); Lord Howe Isl. [I]; England [I]
10 grb 50 AUS lhi
species :
Juncus articulatus L.; Sp. PI. 327 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. articulatus
Name: Glieder-Binse (DE); Jointed Rush (EN); Junco articulado (ES)
Distribution: Albania; Austria; Belgium; Luxembourg; Baleares; England; Channel Isl.; Bulgaria; Corsica; Crete; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Denmark; Faeroe Isl.; Finland; France; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Greece; Ireland; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Netherlands; Andorra; Spain; Hungary; Iceland; Italy; San Marino; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Serbia & Kosovo; Montenegro; Macedonia; Slovenia; Croatia; Portugal; Malta; Norway; Poland; Romania; Sardinia; Sicily; Sweden; Algeria; Libya (incl. Tibesti); Morocco; Tunisia; Azores (Sao Miguel Isl., Terceira, Sao Jorge, Corvo Isl.); Madeira (Madeira Isl.); Canary Isl. (Gran Canaria); Crimea; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; E-European Russia; C-European Russia; N-European Russia; W-European Russia; Belarus; Ukraine; Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia [Caucasus]; Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Russian Far East (incl. Kamchatka, Kuril Isl., Sakhalin); Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Turkmenistan; Tajikistan; Uzbekistan; China (Hebei, Shanxi, Ningxia, Gansu, Xinjiang, Shandong, Henan, Sichuan, Yunnan, Hubei, Qinghai); Tibet; Mongolia; Pakistan (Baluchistan, N. W. Frontier Prov., Chitral, Swat, Hazara, Murree, Astor, Gilgit, Baltistan, Mirpur); N-India (Jammu & Kashmir, Ladakh, Dras); Bhutan; Nepal; Vietnam; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus); East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); European Turkey; Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, NW-Iran: Iranian Azerbaijan, W-Iran); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia); Israel (coastal W-Israel, N-Israel); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, NW-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains); Afghanistan (Badakshan, Wakhan, Badghys, Baghlan, Bamyan, Faryab, Ghazni, Ghorat, Helmand, Herat, Kabul, Kandahar, Kunar / Nuristan, Laghman, Wardak, Paktia / Khost, Parwan, Qunduz); Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); Peru [I]; New Zealand [I]; Chatham Isl. [I]; Norfolk Isl. [I]; Auckland Isl. [I]; Alaska; USA (Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, North Carolina, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, Nevada, New York, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Utah, Virginia, Vermont, Washington State, Wisconsin, West Virginia, Wyoming); Canada (British Columbia, Labrador, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Isl., Québec); St. Pierre et Miquelon; Mexico (Baja California Sur, Chihuahua)
10 DEN FIN FOR GRB ICE IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 ADO BAL CIS COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KRI MLT MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SMA SRB TUE 14 BLR EST KRY LAT LIT RUS UKR 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN 21 AZO CNY MDR 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR LEB SYR TUR 36 CHI TIB 37 MON 40 BHU IND NEP PAK 41 VIE 50 aus nfk 51 auc ctm nzl 70 ASK 71 CDN 72 CDN SPM 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX 83 per
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus acutiflorus var. pallidiflorus Schur, Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 686 (1866)
= Juncus acutiflorus var. tenuifolius Gaudin, Fl. Helv. 2: 551 (1828)
= Juncus adscendens Host, Gram. Austr. 3: 58. t. 87 (1805), nom. illeg.
= Juncus affinis Gaudin, Agrost. Helv. 2: 224 (1811)
= Juncus amblyocarpus Rydb., Brittonia, 1: 85 (1931)
= Juncus aquaticus (L.) All., Fl. Pedem. 2: 217 (1785)
= Juncus aquaticus var. viviparus Roth, 155 (1788)
= Juncus aristiflorus Clairv., Man. Herb. 104 (1811)
= Juncus articulatus coarctatus G.Mey., Chloris Han.: 567 (1836), nom. inval.
= Juncus articulatus f. alpicola (Asch. & Graebn.) Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 16: 366 (1971)
= Juncus articulatus f. alpigenus (Schur) Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 16: 366 (1971)
= Juncus articulatus f. macrocarpus (Döll) Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 16: 366 (1971)
= Juncus articulatus f. macrocephalus (Viv.) B.Bock, Bull. Soc. Bot. Centre-Ouest 42: 276 (2011 publ. 2012)
= Juncus articulatus f. natans (Glück) Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 16: 366 (1971)
= Juncus articulatus f. nigrescens (Zapal.) Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 16: 366 (1971), nom. illeg.
= Juncus articulatus f. pauciflorus Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 16: 366 (1971)
= Juncus articulatus f. stolonifer (Wohll.) Raymond, Naturaliste Canad. 77: 70 (1950)
= Juncus articulatus f. submersus (Glück) Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 16: 366 (1971)
= Juncus articulatus f. subobtusatus (Asch. & Graebn.) Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 16: 366 (1971)
= Juncus articulatus f. viridiflorus (Asch. & Graebn.) I.Grint., Fl. Reipubl. Popul. Roman. 11: 564 (1966)
= Juncus articulatus f. zapalowiczii (Zapal.) Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 16: 366 (1971), nom. inval.
= Juncus articulatus fluitans G.Mey., Chloris Han.: 567 (1836), nom. illeg.
= Juncus articulatus maritimus G.Mey., Chloris Han.: 567 (1836), nom. inval.
= Juncus articulatus radicans G.Mey., Chloris Han.: 567 (1836)
= Juncus articulatus ssp. aquaticus (L.) Ehrh., 220 (1780)
= Juncus articulatus ssp. fluitans (Mert. & W.D.J.Koch ex Klett & Richt.) Schübl. & G.Martens, 234 (1834)
= Juncus articulatus ssp. lampocarpus (Ehrh. ex Hoffm.) Hook.fil., 391 (1870)
= Juncus articulatus ssp. littoralis (Patze, E.Mey. & Elkan) Lemke, 70 (1963), nom. inval.
= Juncus articulatus ssp. macrocephalus (Viv.) K.Richt., Pl. Eur. 1: 180 (1890)
= Juncus articulatus ssp. nigritellus (Don) K.Richt., Pl. Eur. 1: 180 (1890)
= Juncus articulatus ssp. repens Schübl. & G.Martens, 234 (1834)
= Juncus articulatus ssp. tatewakii (Satake) Vorosch. ex A.K.Skvortsov, Florist. Issl. Razn. Raionakh SSSR: 157 (1985)
= Juncus articulatus var. adscendens Beck, Fl. Nieder-Österreich 1: 155 (1890)
= Juncus articulatus var. aquaticus L., Syst. Nat. ed. 12: 250 (1767)
= Juncus articulatus var. brachycarpus (Trab.) Maire, Fl. Afr. Nord 4: 301 (1957)
= Juncus articulatus var. cuspidatus (Brenner) Maire, Fl. Afr. Nord 4: 302 (1957)
= Juncus articulatus var. fluitans (Mert. & W.D.J.Koch ex Klett & Richt.) Vollm., 135 (1914)
= Juncus articulatus var. fluitans G.Mey., Fl. Hanov. Excurs.: 586 (1849), nom. illeg.
= Juncus articulatus var. fluitans Wahlenb., Fl. Lapp.: 32 (1812)
= Juncus articulatus var. lampocarpus (Ehrh. ex Hoffm.) Jess., 511 (1879)
= Juncus articulatus var. lindhardii (Wiinst.) Wiinst., C. C. Raunkiaer, Dansk Ekskurs.-Fl., ed. 6: 65 (1942)
= Juncus articulatus var. littoralis Patze, E.Mey. & Elkan, Fl. Preuss.: 67 (1848)
= Juncus articulatus var. maritimus G.Mey., Fl. Hanov. Excurs.: 586 (1849)
= Juncus articulatus var. nigrescens Lindem., Prodr. Fl. Cherson.: 206 (1872)
= Juncus articulatus var. obtusatus Engelm., A. Gray, Manual, ed. 5, 541 (1867)
= Juncus articulatus var. pallescens Lindem., Prodr. Fl. Cherson.: 206 (1872)
= Juncus articulatus var. setiformis Patze, E.Mey. & Elkan, Fl. Preuss.: 67 (1850)
= Juncus articulatus var. stolonifer (Wohll.) House, Bull. New York State Mus. Nat. Hist. 254: 213 (1924), isonym
= Juncus articulatus var. stolonifer (Wohll.) Vollm., 135 (1914)
= Juncus articulatus var. subalpinus Borbás, Term. Közl. 12: 348 (1878)
= Juncus articulatus var. viviparus (Roth) Schultz, 88 (1806)
= Juncus articulatus var. viviparus C.C.Gmel., 74 (1806)
= Juncus bracteosus Kit. ex Kanitz, Linnaea 32: 332 (1863)
= Juncus castelli Tineo, G. Gussone, Fl. Sicul. Syn. 2: 816 (1845)
= Juncus geniculatus Schrank, Baier. Fl. 1: 613 (1789)
= Juncus gussonii Parl., Fl. Ital. 2: 341 (1852)
= Juncus isthmiacus Neck., Delic. Gallo-Belg. 1: 168 (1768), nom. illeg.
= Juncus lampocarpus [unranked] alpicola Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 478 (1904)
= Juncus lampocarpus [unranked] congestus Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 478 (1904)
= Juncus lampocarpus Ehrh. ex Hoffm., Deutschl. Fl., ed. 2, 1: 166 (1800)
= Juncus lampocarpus f. alpicola (Asch. & Graebn.) Suess., 216 (1939)
= Juncus lampocarpus f. aquaticus (L.) Neuman, Sver. Fl.: 656 (1901), nom. inval.
= Juncus lampocarpus f. brachycarpus Trab., J. A. Batt. & al., Fl. Algérie, Monocot.: 84 (1895)
= Juncus lampocarpus f. congestus (Asch. & Graebn.) Suess., 216 (1939)
= Juncus lampocarpus f. fluitans (Mert. & W.D.J.Koch ex Klett & Richt.) Hegi, 172 (1909)
= Juncus lampocarpus f. maximus Erdner, Ber. Naturwiss. Vereins Schwaben Neuburg 39-40: 113 (1911)
= Juncus lampocarpus f. nanus Neuman, Sver. Fl.: 656 (1901)
= Juncus lampocarpus f. natans Glück, Biol. Morphol. Untersuch. Wasser- Sumpfgew. 3: 219 (1911)
= Juncus lampocarpus f. nigrescens Zapal., Consp. Fl. Gallic. Crit. 1: 138 (1906)
= Juncus lampocarpus f. parviflorus Racib., Spraw. Komis. Fizjogr. 22(2): 15 (1888)
= Juncus lampocarpus f. repens (Nolte) Glück, 218 (1911)
= Juncus lampocarpus f. setiformis (Patze, E.Mey. & Elkan) Abrom., 1093 (1940)
= Juncus lampocarpus f. submersus Glück, Biol. Morphol. Untersuch. Wasser- Sumpfgew. 3: 219 (1911)
= Juncus lampocarpus f. subobtusatus (Asch. & Graebn.) Suess., 216 (1939)
= Juncus lampocarpus f. terrestris Glück, 320 (1923)
= Juncus lampocarpus f. viridiflorus Zapal., Consp. Fl. Gallic. Crit. 1: 137 (1906), nom. inval.
= Juncus lampocarpus f. viviparus (Gaudin) Neuman, Sver. Fl.: 656 (1901)
= Juncus lampocarpus f. viviparus Zapal., 101, 102 (1906)
= Juncus lampocarpus niger Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 478 (1904)
= Juncus lampocarpus olympicus (Schott, Nyman & Kotschy) Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 478 (1904)
= Juncus lampocarpus pallescens Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 478 (1904)
= Juncus lampocarpus pallidiflorus Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 478 (1904)
= Juncus lampocarpus ssp. macrocephalus (Viv.) Rouy, G. Rouy & J. Foucaud, Fl. France 13: 240 (1912)
= Juncus lampocarpus ssp. nigritellus (Don) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 748 (1882)
= Juncus lampocarpus ssp. repens (Sond.) Asch. & Graebn., Fl. Nordostdeut. Flachl.: 177 (1898)
= Juncus lampocarpus ssp. viviparus Gaudin, Fl. Helv. 2: 252 (1828)
= Juncus lampocarpus stolonifer (Wohll.) Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 479 (1904)
= Juncus lampocarpus subf.niger (Asch. & Graebn.) Suess., 216 (1939)
= Juncus lampocarpus subf.pallescens (Asch. & Graebn.) Suess., 216 (1939)
= Juncus lampocarpus subf.pallidiflorus (Asch. & Graebn.) Suess., 216 (1939)
= Juncus lampocarpus subf.virescens (Asch. & Graebn.) Suess., 216 (1939)
= Juncus lampocarpus subf.viridiflorus (Asch. & Graebn.) Suess., 216 (1939)
= Juncus lampocarpus subobtusatus Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 479 (1904)
= Juncus lampocarpus var. adscendens (Host) Celak., Prodr. Fl. Böhmen 1: 81 (1867), nom. inval.
= Juncus lampocarpus var. affinis (Gaudin) Gaudin, Fl. Helv. 2: 552 (1828)
= Juncus lampocarpus var. affinis Moritzi, 191 (1832)
= Juncus lampocarpus var. alpigenus Schur, Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 685 (1866)
= Juncus lampocarpus var. alpinus Spenn., Fl. Friburg. 1: 183 (1825)
= Juncus lampocarpus var. ascendens Schur, 69 (1851), nom. inval.
= Juncus lampocarpus var. caespitosus Zapal., Consp. Fl. Gallic. Crit. 1: 137 (1906)
= Juncus lampocarpus var. coarctatus Wender., 101 (1846)
= Juncus lampocarpus var. corymbosus Neuman, Sver. Fl.: 656 (1901)
= Juncus lampocarpus var. cuspidatus Brenner, Meddeland. Soc. Fauna Fl. Fenn. 16: 57 (1889)
= Juncus lampocarpus var. erectus Klett & Richt., 319 (1830)
= Juncus lampocarpus var. fluitans Mert. & W.D.J.Koch ex Klett & Richt., 319 (1830)
= Juncus lampocarpus var. fluitans W.D.J.Koch, Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv.: 730 (1837)
= Juncus lampocarpus var. humilis Rchb., X (1833)
= Juncus lampocarpus var. lindhardii Wiinst., C. C. Raunkiaer, Dansk Ekskurs.-Fl., ed. 5: 65 (1934)
= Juncus lampocarpus var. littoralis (Patze, E.Mey. & Elkan) Buchenau, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 12: 379 (1890)
= Juncus lampocarpus var. macrocarpus Döll, Rhein. Fl.: 179 (1843)
= Juncus lampocarpus var. macrocephalus (Viv.) Döll, Rhein. Fl.: 179 (1843)
= Juncus lampocarpus var. multiflorus Lange, Haandb. Danske Fl. 3: 264 (1864)
= Juncus lampocarpus var. nigritellus (Don) Rchb., 140[hochgestellt:]14 (1832)
= Juncus lampocarpus var. pallidus Schur, Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 685 (1866)
= Juncus lampocarpus var. parviflorus (Racib.) Zapal., Consp. Fl. Gallic. Crit. 1: 137 (1906)
= Juncus lampocarpus var. patens Ser. ex Gaudin, Fl. Helv. 2: 552 (1828)
= Juncus lampocarpus var. pauciflorus Sond., Fl. Hamburg.: 193 (1851), nom. superfl.
= Juncus lampocarpus var. prolifer Parl., Fl. Ital. 2: 340 (1852)
= Juncus lampocarpus var. prolifer Schur, Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 685 (1866)
= Juncus lampocarpus var. pumilus Schur, 69 (1851), nom. inval.
= Juncus lampocarpus var. radicans Wender., 101 (1846)
= Juncus lampocarpus var. repens (Nolte) Asch., 738 (1864)
= Juncus lampocarpus var. repens Parl., Fl. Ital. 2: 340 (1852), nom. illeg.
= Juncus lampocarpus var. repens Sond., Fl. Hamburg.: 193 (1851)
= Juncus lampocarpus var. reptans Klett & Richt., 319 (1830)
= Juncus lampocarpus var. salinus Schur, Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 685 (1866)
= Juncus lampocarpus var. senescens Buchenau, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 82(37): 19 (1905)
= Juncus lampocarpus var. suberectus Spenn., Fl. Friburg. 1: 183 (1825)
= Juncus lampocarpus var. subobtusus Neuman, Sver. Fl.: 656 (1901)
= Juncus lampocarpus var. virescens Döll, 329 (1856)
= Juncus lampocarpus var. viviparus (Zapal.) Hegi, 172 (1909)
= Juncus lampocarpus var. viviparus Schur, Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 685 (1866)
= Juncus lampocarpus virescens Döll, Fl. Baden 1: 329 (1857)
= Juncus lampocarpus viridiflorus Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 478 (1904)
= Juncus longicapsularis Chev., Fl. Par. 2: 279 (1827)
= Juncus macrocephalus Viv., Fl. Cors. Sp. Nov. 5 (1824)
= Juncus multicapitatus Schult. & Schult.fil., Syst. Veg. 7(1): 198 (1829)
= Juncus nigritellus Don, Engl. Bot. Suppl. t. 2643 (1830)
= Juncus nigritellus var. repens Döll, 178 (1843)
= Juncus olympicus Schott, Nyman & Kotschy, Analect. Bot. 3 (1854)
= Juncus polycephalus Don ex Hook., Fl. Scot.: 109 (1821), nom. illeg.
= Juncus stolonifer Wohll., Suppl. Fl. Hal. 13 (1796)
= Juncus subarticulatus Zakirov & Novopokr., Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS, 12: 66 (1950)
= Juncus supinus var. nigritellus (Don) F.W.Schultz, 640 (1840)
= Juncus tatewakii Satake, J. Jap. Bot. 14: 257 (1938)
= Juncus tricephalus J.Gay ex Laharpe, Mem. Soc. Hist. Nat. Par. 3: (1827) 132
= Juncus uliginosus var. stolonifer (Wohll.) Homann, 243 (1828)
= Juncus vallis-demonis Lojac., Fl. Sicul. 3: 158 (1909)
= Phylloschoenus lampocarpus (Ehrh. ex Hoffm.) Fourr., Ann. Soc. L. Lyon, N. S. 17: (1869) 172
= Tristemon falcatum Raf., Autik. Bot.: 192 (1840)
subspecies :
subsp. limosus (Vorosch.) Vorosch.; A. K. Skvortsov (ed.), Florist. issl. v razn. raionakh SSSR: 157 (1985)
Distribution: Siberia (C-Siberia); Russian Far East (Amur, Kamchatka, Kuril Isl., Primorye, Sakhalin); Mongolia; China (Nei Mongol, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning)
30 SIB 31 RFE 36 CHI 37 MON
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus articulatus ssp. turczaninowii (Buchenau) Vorosch., A. K. Skvortsov (ed.), Florist. issl. v razn. raionakh SSSR: 157 (1985) comb. invalid.
= Juncus jeholensis Satake, Rept. First Sci. Exped. Manchoukuo 4(4): 106 (1936)
= Juncus lampocarpus var. turczaninowii Buchenau, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 12: 378 (1890)
= Juncus limosus Vorosch., Byull. Glavn. Bot. Sada, Moskva, No. 68, 47 (1968)
= Juncus turczaninowii (Buchenau) Freyn, Österr. Bot. Z. 53: 23 (1903)
= Juncus turczaninowii (Buchenau) V.I.Krecz., Kom., Fl. URSS, 3: 539, 629 (1935)
= Juncus turczaninowii var. jeholensis K.F.Wu & Ma, Acta Sci. Nat. Univ. Intramongol. 15(1): 111 (1984)
species :
Juncus astreptus L.A.S.Johnson; Aspects Tasmanian Bot. - Tribute Winifred Curtis (ed. M. R. Banks et al.): 41 (1991)
Distribution: Australia (Tasmania)
50 AUS
species :
Juncus atratus Krock.; Fl. Siles. 1: 562 (1787)
Name: Schwarzblütige Binse (DE)
Distribution: Germany (Brandenburg, +Bayern, Niedersachsen, +Rheinland-Pfalz, +Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt); Austria; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Slovenia; Hungary; Greece; Siberia (W-Siberia); Belarus; Kazakhstan; Armenia; Georgia [Caucasus]; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, NE-Anatolia); China (Xinjiang); Latvia
11 AUT CZE GER HUN SLO 13 GRC SLV 14 BLR LAT 30 SIB 32 KAZ 33 ARM GEO 34 TUR 36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus acutiflorus var. atratus (Krock.) Wimm. & Grab., Fl. Siles. 1: 336 (1827)
= Juncus atratus var. fuscescens (Racib.) Zapal., 99 (1906)
= Juncus atratus var. pauciflorus Zapal., Consp. Fl. Gallic. Crit. 1: 135 (1906)
= Juncus melananthos Rchb., Fl. Germ. Excurs. 96 (1830), nom. illeg.
= Juncus nigricans J.P.Wolff ex Schreb., Schweigg., 149 (1811)
= Juncus septangulus Peterm., Flora, 27: (1844) 361
species :
Juncus australis Hook.fil.; Fl. Tasm. 2: 66. t. 134 (1858)
Distribution: Australia (South Australia, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania); New Zealand; Kermadec Isl.; England [I]
10 grb 50 AUS 51 KER NZL
species :
Juncus austrobrasiliensis Balslev; Phytotaxa 376(2): 100 (2018)
Distribution: Brazil (São Paulo, Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina)
84 BRA
species :
Juncus baekdusanensis M.Kim; Korean J. Pl. Taxon. 44(4): 239 (2014)
Distribution: South Korea
38 KOR
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Juncus balticus Willd.; Ges. Naturf. Freunde Berlin Mag. 3: 298 (1809)
subspecies :
subsp. balticus
Name: Baltische Binse (DE)
Distribution: England; Denmark; Faeroe Isl.; Finland; Germany (Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Schleswig-Holstein); Netherlands; Iceland; Norway; Poland; C-European Russia; N-European Russia; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Sweden
10 DEN FIN FOR GRB ICE NOR SWE 11 GER NET POL 14 EST LAT LIT RUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus arcticus ssp. balticus (Willd.) Hyl., Bot. Not. 106: 354 (1953)
= Juncus arcticus var. balticus (Willd.) Trautv.
= Juncus balticus var. europaeus Engelm., Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 2: 441 (1866)
= Juncus balticus var. europaeus (Engelm.) Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 438 (1904), nom. inval.
= Juncus balticus pseudoinundatus Asch. & Graebn., Fl. Nordostdeut. Flachl.: 173 (1898)
= Juncus balticus var. tenuis H.Lindb., Acta Soc. Fauna Fl. Fenn. 22: 4 (1896)
= Juncus glaucus var. littoralis Wahlenb., Fl. Suec.: 209 (1824)
= Juncus helodes Link, Enum. Hort. Berol. 1: 305 (1821)
subspecies :
subsp. andicola (Hook.) Snogerup; Preslia 74: 258 (2002)
Distribution: Argentina (Buenos Aires, Catamarca, Jujuy, La Rioja, Mendoza, Neuquen, Rio Negro, Salta, Santa Fe, San Juan, San Luis); Chile (Antofagasta, Atacama, Coquimbo, Bio Bio, Los Lagos, Reg. Metropolitana); Peru; Ecuador; Mexico (Valle de Mexico, Morelos, Puebla); Guatemala; Colombia (Nariño); Bolivia (La Paz, Oruro, Potosí)
79 MEX 80 GUA 82 CLM 83 BOL ECU PER 85 ARG CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus andicola Hook., Ic. Pl. t. 714 (1848)
= Juncus andicola var. schulz-korthii J.F.Macbr., Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Bot. Ser. 11(1): 44 (1931)
= Juncus antonianus Steud., Lechl. Berb. Am. Austr. 56 (1857)
= Juncus arcticus var. andicola (Hook.) Balslev, Brittonia, 35(3): 308 (1983)
= Juncus balticus var. pictus (F.Phil.) Griseb., Symb. Fl. Argent.: 316 (1879)
= Juncus conceptionis Steud., Syn. Pl. Cyp. 296 (1855)
= Juncus deserticola Phil., Reise Atacama: 52 (1860)
= Juncus pictus Phil., Linnaea, 33: 1864 (1865) 268
= Scirpus peruvianus Pfeiff., Mitt. Inst. Allg. Bot. Hamburg 8: 40 (1929)
subspecies :
subsp. ater (Rydb.) Snogerup; Preslia 74: 258 (2002)
Distribution: Alaska; Canada (N. W. T., Yukon, Alberta, British Columbia, Saskatchewan); USA (Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming, Kansas, North Dakota, Nebraska, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah, New Mexico, Texas); C-Mexico; N-Mexico; Guatemala
70 ASK CDN 71 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX 80 GUA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus arcticus ssp. ater (Rydb.) Hultén, Kongl. Svenska Vetenskapsakad. Handl., IV, 8(5): 24 (1962)
= Juncus ater Rydb., Fl. Rocky Mts 151 (1917)
= Juncus balticus var. condensatus Suksd., Werdenda 12: 6 (1923)
= Juncus balticus var. eremicus Jeps., Man. Fl. Pl. Calif.: 198 (1923)
= Juncus balticus var. vallicola Rydb., Bull. Torr. Bot. Club 31: 399 (1904)
= Juncus vallicola (Rydb.) Rydb., Fl. Rocky Mts.: 152 (1917)
subspecies :
subsp. littoralis (Engelm.) Snogerup; Preslia 74: 256 (2002)
Name: Mountain rush
Distribution: Canada (Manitoba, Labrador, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Québec); USA (Illinois, Missouri, South Dakota, Wisconsin, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania)
71 CDN 72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus arcticus ssp. littoralis (Engelm.) Hultén, Kongl. Svenska Vetenskapsakad. Handl., IV, 8(5): 24 (1962)
= Juncus arcticus var. littoralis (Engelm.) B.Boivin, Phytologia 42: 405 (1979)
= Juncus balticus littoralis (Engelm.) Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 438 (1904)
= Juncus balticus var. laxus Hook., Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 189 (1840)
= Juncus balticus var. littoralis Engelm., Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 2: 442 (1866)
= Juncus balticus var. melanogenus Fernald & Wiegand, Rhodora 14: 35 (1912)
= Juncus balticus var. stenocarpus Fernald & Buchenau, Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 36: 144 (1906)
= Juncus litorum Rydb., Brittonia 1: 85 (1931)
= Juncus littoralis (Engelm.) Smyth & L.C.R.Smyth, Trans. Kansas Acad. Sci. 25: 106 (1912), nom. illeg.
subspecies :
subsp. mexicanus (Willd. ex Schult. & Schult.fil.) Snogerup; Preslia 74: 257 (2002)
Name: Mexican rush
Distribution: USA (Arizona, California, Colorado, New Mexico, Nevada, Oregon, Texas); Mexico (Baja California Norte, Baja California Sur, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nuevo León, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Quintana Roo, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Zacatecas); Peru; Argentina (Buenos Aires, Catamarca, Chubut, Corrientes, Jujuy, La Rioja, Mendoza, Misiones, Neuquen, Rio Negro, Salta, Santa Cruz, Santa Fe, San Juan, Tierra del Fuego, Tucuman); Chile (Antofagasta, Atacama, Coquimbo, Valparaiso, O´Higgins, Maule, Araucania, Los Lagos, Aisen, Magallanes, Reg. Metropolitana); Costa Rica; Guatemala
73 USA 76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX 80 COS GUA 83 PER 85 ARG CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus arcticus var. mexicanus (Willd. ex Schult. & Schult.fil.) Balslev, Brittonia, 35(3): 308 (1983)
= Juncus balticus f. mexicanus (Willd.) Parish, (1910)
= Juncus balticus var. columnaris Buchenau, Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 36: 145 (1906)
= Juncus balticus var. crassiculmis Buchenau ex Griseb., Pl. Lorentz.: 219 (1874)
= Juncus balticus var. durangensis Buchenau, Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 36: 146 (1906)
= Juncus balticus var. mexicanus (Willd.) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. Pl. 3(2): 320 (1898)
= Juncus complanatus Schult.fil., Syst. 7: 185 (1829)
= Juncus compressus Kunth, Nov. Gen. et Sp. 1: 235 (1816) [non Jacq.]
= Juncus crassiculmis (Buchenau) Herter, Revista Sudamer. Bot. 6: 149 (1940)
= Juncus mexicanus ex Schult. & Schult.fil., Syst. 7: 178 (1829)
= Juncus orizabae Liebm., Kjoeb. Vidensk. Meddel. (1850) 39
subspecies :
subsp. pyrenaeus (Timb.-Lagr. & Jeanb.) P.Fourn.; Quatre Fl. France: 146 (1946)
Distribution: SW-France (E-Pyrenees, near Mont-Louis); N-Spain (Pyrenees, Cordillera Cantabrica)
12 FRA SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus arcticus ssp. pyrenaeus (Timb.-Lagr. & Jeanb.) Rivas Goday & Borja, Anales.Inst.Bot.Cavanilles 19: 512 (1961)
= Juncus pyrenaeus Timb.-Lagr. & Jaub., Bull. Soc. Sci. Phys. Nat. Toulouse 6: 232 (1883)
= Juncus balticus ssp. cantabricus (T.E.Díaz, Fern.-Carv. & Fern.Prieto) Snogerup, Preslia 74: 256 (2002)
= Juncus cantabricus T.E.Díaz, Fern.-Carv. & Fern.Prieto, Trab. Dept. Bot. Univ. Oviedo 2: 13 (1977)
species :
Juncus bassianus L.A.S.Johnson; Aspects Tasmanian Bot. - Tribute Winifred Curtis (ed. M. R. Banks et al.): 40 (1991)
Distribution: Australia (Tasmania, Victoria)
50 AUS
species :
Juncus batrachium Veldkamp; Blumea 59(2): 142 (2014)
Distribution: Borneo (Sabah)
42 BOR
species :
Juncus benghalensis Kunth; Enum Pl. 3: 360 (1841)
Distribution: Bhutan; N-India (Jammu & Kashmir, Darjeeling, Sikkim); Pakistan (Swat); China (Yunnan, Gansu); Tibet; Nepal; Bangladesh
36 CHI TIB 40 BAN BHU IND NEP PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus sphenostemon Buchenau, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 6: 223-224, t. 3 (1885)
= Juncus bracteatus Buchenau, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 6: 220 (1885)
variant :
var. kyongnoslae Chhetri, Hynn. & A.A.Ansari; Indian J. Forest. 30(4): 539 (2007)
Distribution: N-India (Sikkim)
40 IND
species :
Juncus beringensis Buchenau; Bot. Jahrb. 12: (1890) 226
Distribution: Russian Far East (incl. Kamchatka, Kuril Isl., Sakhalin); Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu); Siberia (NE-Siberia)
30 SIB 31 RFE 38 JAP
species :
Juncus biflorus Elliott; Sketch, 1: 407 (1817)
Name: Bog rush
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, District of Columbia, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Michigan, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, West Virginia)
74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus marginatus var. biflorus (Elliott) Chapm., Fl. South. U. S.: 495 (1860)
= Juncus aristulatus var. biflorus (Elliott) Small
= Juncus marginatus var. odoratus Torr.
species :
Juncus biglumis L.; Sp. Pl. 328 (1753)
Name: Twoflowered rush
Distribution: Alaska; USA (Colorado, Montana, Wyoming); Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Labrador, Manitoba, Northern Territories, Nunavut, Ontario, Québec, Yukon); Greenland; C-Austria; England; Faeroe Isl.; Finland; Iceland; Norway; N-European Russia; Svalbard; Sweden; Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Mongolia; Russian Far East (incl. Kamchatka, Kuril Isl.)
10 FIN FOR GRB ICE NOR SVA SWE 11 AUT 14 RUS 30 SIB 31 RFE 37 MON 70 ASK CDN GNL 71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus biglumis var. ajonskensis Novikov, Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast., 19: 57 (1982)
species :
Juncus biglumoides Hara; J. Jap. Bot. 49: 201-202 (1974)
Distribution: NW-India (Kumaon); Nepal; China (Yunnan)
36 CHI 40 IND NEP
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus kangpuensis K.F.Wu, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 32(5): 443-445, f. 1, 1-5 (1994)
species :
Juncus bolanderi Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sc. St. Louis, 2: (1868) 470
Name: Bolander´s rush
Distribution: USA (California, Idaho, Oregon, Washington State); Canada (British Columbia)
71 CDN 73 USA 76 USA
species :
Juncus brachycarpus Engelm.; A. Gray, Manual, ed. 5, 542 (1867)
Name: Whiteroot rush
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, West Virginia); Canada (Ontario); New Zealand [I]
51 nzl 72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA
species :
Juncus brachycephalus (Engelm.) Buchenau; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 12: 268 (1890)
Name: Smallhead rush
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Colorado, Connecticut, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, North Carolina, North Dakota, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Virginia, Vermont, Wisconsin, West Virginia); Canada (New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Québec)
72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus canadensis var. brachycephalus Engelm., A. Gray, Manual, ed. 5: 544 (1867)
species :
Juncus brachyphyllus Wiegand; Bull. Torr. Bot. Club, 519 (1900)
Name: Tuftedstem rush
Distribution: USA (Arkansas, California, Idaho, Kansas, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Oregon, Tennessee, Texas, Washington State)
73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus kansanus F.J.Herm., Papers Mich. Acad. Sc., 20: 41 [1934] (1935)
species :
Juncus brachyspathus Maxim.; Prim. Fl. Amur. 293 (1859)
Distribution: N-European Russia; Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Russian Far East (Amur, Kamchatka, Magadan, Primorye, Sakhalin); North Korea; ?NE-China
14 RUS 30 SIB 31 RFE 38 NKO
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus brachyspathus var. magadanica Novikov, Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast., 19: 55 (1982)
= Juncus filiformis var. brachyspathus (Maxim.) Regel, Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint Pétersbourg, Sér. 7, 4(4): 157 (1861)
species :
Juncus brachystigma Sam.; Hand.-Mazz., Symb. Sin. 7: 1236 (1936)
Distribution: NW-India (Kumaon, Sikkim, Chumbi); Bhutan; Nepal; Tibet; China (Sichuan, Yunnan)
36 CHI TIB 40 BHU IND NEP
species :
Juncus brasiliensis Breistr.; Bull. Soc. Sci. Dauph., Ser. 6, 1: (Notes Nomencl. Bot. II.) 609 (1947)
Distribution: SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais, Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul)
84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus ustulatus Buchenau, Bremen, Abh. 6: (1879) 401
species :
Juncus brevibracteus L.A.S.Johnson; Telopea, 5(2): 309 (1993)
Distribution: Australia (New South Wales, Australian Capital Territory, Victoria)
50 AUS
species :
Juncus brevicaudatus (Engelm.) Fernald; Rhodora, 6: 35 (1904)
Name: Narrowpanicle rush
Distribution: USA (Arizona, Colorado, Connecticut, Illinois, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, North Carolina, North Dakota, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Tennessee, Virginia, Vermont, Wisconsin, West Virginia, Wyoming); Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Labrador, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Isl., Québec, Saskatchewan); St. Pierre et Miquelon
71 CDN 72 CDN SPM 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus canadensis var. brevicaudatus Engelm., Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 2: 436 (1866)
= Juncus canadensis var. coarctatus Engelm., A. Gray, Manual, ed. 5: 544 (1867), nom. superfl.
= Juncus coarctatus (Engelm.) Buchenau, Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 36: 160 (1906), nom. superfl.
= Juncus canadensis var. kuntzei Buchenau, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 12: 272 (1890)
= Juncus kuntzei (Buchenau) Vierh., Nat. Pflanzenfam., ed. 2, 15a: 218 (1930)
species :
Juncus breviculmis Balslev; Brittonia, 35(3): 303 (1983)
Distribution: Venezuela (Merida); Colombia (Boyacá, Cundinamarca, Magdalena, Santander)
82 CLM VEN
species :
Juncus breweri Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 2: 440 (1866)
Name: Brewer´s rush
Distribution: USA (California, Oregon, Washington State); Canada (British Columbia)
71 CDN 73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus lesueurii var. tracyi Jeps., Fl. Calif. 4: 249 (1922)
species :
Juncus bryoides F.J.Herm.; Leafl. West. Bot. 5: 117 (1948)
Name: Moss rush
Distribution: USA (California, Colorado, Idaho, Nevada, Oregon, Utah)
73 USA 76 USA
species :
Juncus bryophilus Noltie; Edinburgh J. Bot., 51(2): 137 (1994)
Distribution: Bhutan; N-India (Sikkim)
40 BHU IND
species :
Juncus bufonius L.; Sp. PI.: 328 (1753)
Name: Kröten-Binse (DE); Toad Rush (EN); Junco de ranas (ES)
Distribution: Albania; Austria; Belgium; Luxembourg; Baleares; England; Channel Isl.; Bulgaria; Corsica; Crete; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Denmark; Faeroe Isl.; Finland; France; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Greece; Ireland; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Netherlands; Andorra; Spain; Gibraltar; Hungary; Iceland; Italy; San Marino; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Serbia & Kosovo; Montenegro; Macedonia; Slovenia; Croatia; Portugal; Malta; Norway; Poland; Romania; Sardinia; Sicily; Sweden; South Africa (Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, N-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Namibia [I]; La Réunion; Mauritius; Rwanda; Ethiopia; Eritrea; Kenya; Sudan; Uganda; Soqotra; N-Chad (Tibesti); Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains); East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Egypt (Desert Oases, Great Southwestern Desert, Nile Delta, Nile Valley, NW-coastal Egypt); European Turkey; Iran (EC-Iran, N-Iran, NW-Iran: Iranian Azerbaijan, S-Iran, W-Iran); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Saudi Arabia (Asir); Sinai peninsula (N-Sinai, S-Sinai); Syria (coastal W-Syria, C-Syrian Desert, Jazira, Jbel Druze, W-Syrian Mountains); Afghanistan (Ghazni, Kabul, Kandahar, Kunar / Nuristan, Wardak, Paktia / Khost); Azores (Santa Maria Isl., Sao Miguel Isl., Terceira, Graciosa, Sao Jorge, Pico, Faial, Flores Isl., Corvo Isl.); Madeira (Madeira Isl., Porto Santo Isl.); Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro, La Palma Isl.); Algeria; Libya; Morocco; Tunisia; Crimea; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; E-European Russia; C-European Russia; N-European Russia; W-European Russia; Belarus; Ukraine; Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia [Caucasus]; Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Russian Far East (Kamchatka, Kuril Isl., Primorye, Sakhalin, Amur); Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Turkmenistan; Tajikistan; Uzbekistan; China (Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guizhou, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Yunnan, Zhejiang); North Korea; South Korea; Taiwan; Tibet; Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu); Mongolia; Nepal; Philippines (Luzon); Sri Lanka; Thailand; N-India (incl. Sikkim, Jammu & Kashmir); Bangladesh; Bhutan; Vietnam; Myanmar; Pakistan; Hawaii [I] (Kauai [I], Oahu [I], Molokai [I], Maui [I], Hawaii Isl. [I]); New Zealand [I]; Lord Howe Isl. [I]; Norfolk Isl. [I]; Chatham Isl. [I]; Costa Rica; Mexico (Baja California Norte, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Ciudad de Mexico, Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Mexico State, Michoacan, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Sonora, Tlaxcala, Veracruz); Isla Guadalupe; Guatemala; Jamaica; Peru; Ecuador; Argentina (Buenos Aires, Chubut, Cordoba, Entre Rios, Jujuy, La Pampa, Mendoza, Neuquen, Rio Negro, Salta, Santa Cruz, Santa Fe, Tierra del Fuego); S-Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul); Chile (Antofagasta, Atacama, Coquimbo, Valparaiso, O´Higgins, Maule, Bio Bio, Araucania, Los Lagos, Aisen, Magallanes, Reg. Metropolitana); Juan Fdz. Isl.; Uruguay (Canelones, Cerro Largo, Colonia, Florida Prov., Montevideo, Rio Negro, San Jose, Tacuarembo, Treinta y Tres); Venezuela (Aragua, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Merida, Monagas, Tachira, Trujillo); Guadeloupe; Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz, Santa Cruz, Tarija); Auckland Isl. [I]; Tristan da Cunha [I]; Colombia (Antioquia, Boyacá, Caldas, Cundinamarca, Norte de Santander, Quindío, Risaralda, Santander, Tolima); Alaska; USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Iowa, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, Montana, North Carolina, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, Nevada, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Vermont, Washington State, Wisconsin, West Virginia, Wyoming); Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Labrador, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Northern Territories, Ontario, Prince Edward Isl., Québec, Saskatchewan, Yukon); St. Pierre et Miquelon
10 DEN FIN FOR GRB ICE IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 ADO BAL CIS COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KRI MLT MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SMA SRB TUE 14 BLR EST KRY LAT LIT RUS UKR 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 21 AZO CNY MDR 23 RWA 24 CHA ERI ETH SOC SUD 25 KEN UGA 27 nam SAF 29 MAU REU 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SIN SYR TUR 35 SAU 36 CHI TIB 37 MON 38 JAP KOR NKO TAI 40 BAN BHU IND NEP PAK SRL 41 MYA THA VIE 42 PHI 50 lhi nfk 51 auc ctm nzl 63 haw 70 ASK CDN 71 CDN 72 CDN SPM 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 GLP MEX 80 COS GUA 81 GDL JAM 82 CLM VEN 83 BOL ECU PER 84 BRA 85 ARG CLE JNF URU 91 tdc
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus aletaiensis K.F.Wu, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 32(5): 450, f. 3, 5-8 (1994)
= Juncus bilineatus Gand., Contr. Fl. Terr. Slav. Merid. 1: 29 (1883)
= Juncus bufonius f. alpinus (Schur) I.Grint., E. J. Nyárády, Fl. Reipubl. Popul. Roman. 11: 535 (1966)
= Juncus bufonius f. fasciculatus (W.D.J.Koch) Abrom., 1087 (1940)
= Juncus bufonius f. pygmaeus Stefánsson, 25 (1901)
= Juncus bufonius frondescens Döll, Fl. Baden 1: 336 (1857)
= Juncus bufonius giganteus Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 422 (1904)
= Juncus bufonius leucanthus Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 422 (1904)
= Juncus bufonius parviflorus Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 421 (1904)
= Juncus bufonius scoparius Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 421 (1904)
= Juncus bufonius ssp. juzepczukii (V.I.Krecz. & Gontsch.) Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 16: 366 (1971)
= Juncus bufonius var. alpinus Schur, Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 688 (1866), nom. inval.
= Juncus bufonius var. capillaris Rchb., Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 9: 22 (1847)
= Juncus bufonius var. compactus Celak., Prodr. Fl. Böhmen 1: 83 (1867)
= Juncus bufonius var. congestus Wahlenb., C. P. Thunb., Fl. Gothob.: 38 (1820)
= Juncus bufonius var. dolichophyllus Zapal., Consp. Fl. Gallic. Crit. 1: 129 (1906)
= Juncus bufonius var. fasciculatus W.D.J.Koch, 732 (1837)
= Juncus bufonius var. filiformis Lojac., Fl. Sicul. 3: 161 (1909)
= Juncus bufonius var. foliosus (Desf.) Buchenau, 157 (1885), nom. illeg.
= Juncus bufonius var. frondescens Döll, 336 (1856)
= Juncus bufonius var. giganteus Asch. & Graebn., 422 (1904)
= Juncus bufonius var. gracilis St.-Amans, Fl. Agen.: 149 (1821)
= Juncus bufonius var. gramineus Lojac., Fl. Sicul. 3: 161 (1909)
= Juncus bufonius var. grandiflorus Schult. & Schult.fil., Syst. Veg. 7: 227 (1829)
= Juncus bufonius var. humilis Dierb., 15 (1826)
= Juncus bufonius var. juzepczukii (V.I.Krecz. & Gontsch.) Vorosch., A. K. Skvortsov (ed.), Florist. Issl. Razn. Raionakh SSSR: 157 (1985)
= Juncus bufonius var. laxus Celak., Prodr. Fl. Böhmen 1: 83 (1867)
= Juncus bufonius var. procerior Roth, Tent. Fl. Germ. 1: 156 (1788), nom. inval.
= Juncus bufonius var. pumilio Griseb., Symb. Fl. Argent.: 316 (1879)
= Juncus bufonius var. scoparius Asch. & Graebn., 422 (1904)
= Juncus bufonius var. subauriculatus Buchenau, Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 36: 106 (1906)
= Juncus bufonius var. suffocatus Lojac., Fl. Sicul. 3: 161 (1909)
= Juncus bufonius var. susianus Nábelek, Spisy Prír. Fak. Masarykovy Univ. 105: 43 (1929)
= Juncus bufonius var. tuberiferus Krylov, Fl. Alt. 6: 1405 (1912)
= Juncus bufonius var. viviparus Roth, 156 (1788), nom. inval.
= Juncus bufonum Bubani, Fl. Pyren. 4: 187 (1901)
= Juncus cespifolius Raf., Autik. Bot.: 196 (1840)
= Juncus creticus Raf., Autik. Bot.: 196 (1840)
= Juncus dinteri Poelln., Fedde, Repert. 48: 173 (1940)
= Juncus divaricatus Gilib., Exercit. 2: 506 (1792)
= Juncus erythropodus V.I.Krecz., Bull. Univ. As. Med. 21: 176 (1935)
= Juncus fasciatus Lojac., Fl. Sicul. 3: 164 (1909)
= Juncus istriacus Gand., Contr. Fl. Terr. Slav. Merid. 1: 28 (1883)
= Juncus juzepczukii V.I.Krecz. & Gontsch., V. L. Kom. (ed.), Fl. URSS 3: 625 (1935)
= Juncus leptocladus Hayata, Icon. Pl. Formosan. 6: 100 (1916)
= Juncus luzulaeformis Gennari, Sp. Sard. (1867) 22
= Juncus plebejus R.Br., Prod. 359 (1810)
= Juncus prolifer Kunth, Nov. Gen. et Sp. 1: 236 (1816)
= Juncus pumilus Raf., Autik. Bot.: 196 (1840)
= Tenageia bufonia (L.) Fourr., Ann. Soc. L. Lyon, N. S. 17: (1869) 172
variant :
var. occidentalis F.J.Herm.; Madroño 25: 104 (1978)
Distribution: USA (Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, Washington State)
73 USA 76 USA
species :
Juncus bulbosus L.; Sp. Pl. 327 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. bulbosus
Name: Zwiebel-Binse (DE), Bulbous Rush (EN)
Distribution: Austria; Belgium; Luxembourg; England; Channel Isl.; Corsica; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Denmark; Faeroe Isl.; Finland; France; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Ireland; Switzerland; Netherlands; Spain; Hungary; Iceland; Italy; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Serbia & Kosovo; ?Montenegro; ?Macedonia; Slovenia; Croatia; Portugal; Norway; Poland; ?Romania; N-European Russia; W-European Russia; C-European Russia; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; Ukraine; Kazakhstan; Sardinia; Sweden; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Azores (Sao Miguel Isl., Terceira, Flores Isl., Corvo Isl.); Madeira (Madeira Isl.); European Turkey; Australia [I] (South Australia [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); New Zealand [I]; Chile [I]; Mauritius [I]; USA [I] (Massachusetts [I], Oregon [I], Washington State [I]); Canada [I] (British Columbia [I], Newfoundland [I], Nova Scotia [I]); St. Pierre et Miquelon [I]
10 DEN FIN FOR GRB ICE IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 CIS COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 BIH CRO ITA SLV SRB TUE 14 BLR EST LAT LIT RUS UKR 20 ALG MOR TUN 21 AZO MDR 29 mau 32 KAZ 50 aus 51 nzl 71 cdn 72 cdn spm 73 usa 75 usa 85 cle
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus annuus Krock., Fl. Siles. 1: 566 (1787)
= Juncus articulatus ssp. supinus (Moench) Hook.fil., 391 (1870)
= Juncus articulatus var. subverticillatus (Wulfen) Hook.fil., 391 (1870)
= Juncus articulatus var. uliginosus (Roth) Hook.fil., 391 (1870)
= Juncus bulbosus f. confervaceus St.-Lag. ex Vollm., 134 (1914)
= Juncus bulbosus f. fluitans (Lam.) F.Navarro, J.Sánchez & C.J.Valle, Publ. Dept. Bot. Fac. Farmac. Salamanca 1: 40 (1979)
= Juncus bulbosus f. geniculatus (Asch. & Graebn.) Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung., 16(3-4): 366 [1970] (1971)
= Juncus bulbosus f. maroccanus (Font Quer) Maire, Fl. Afr. Nord 4: 290 (1957)
= Juncus bulbosus f. nanus (Peterm.) Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung., 16(3-4): 366 [1970] (1971)
= Juncus bulbosus f. pygmaeus (T.Marsson) Fern.-Carv. & F.Navarro, Publ. Dept. Bot. Fac. Farmac. Salamanca 1: 33 (1979)
= Juncus bulbosus f. submersus (Glück) Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung., 16(3-4): 366 [1970] (1971)
= Juncus bulbosus f. submucronatus Procków, Ann. Bot. Fenn. 47(6): 412 (2010)
= Juncus bulbosus f. uliginosus (Roth) Fern.-Carv., An. Jard. Bot. Madrid, 39(2): 330 [1982] (1983)
= Juncus bulbosus f. viviparus Á.Löve, 109 (1945)
= Juncus bulbosus f. welwitschii (Hochst. & Steud.) Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung., 16(3-4): 366 [1970] (1971)
= Juncus bulbosus var. fluitans (Lam.) Beck, Fl. Nieder-Österreich 1: 155 (1890)
= Juncus bulbosus var. maroccanus Font Quer, Cavanillesia 6: 57 (1934)
= Juncus bulbosus var. uliginosus (Roth) Beck, Fl. Nieder-Österreich 1: 155 (1890)
= Juncus confervaceus St.-Lag., Ann. Soc. Bot. Lyon (1882) 749, nom. inval.
= Juncus fasciculatus Schrank, Baier. Fl. 1: 616 (1789)
= Juncus fluitans Lam., Encyc. 3: 271 (1789)
= Juncus husnotii (Rouy) Prain, Index Kew., Suppl. 5: 143 (1921)
= Juncus semiverticillatus Wender., 148 (1823), nom. inval.
= Juncus setifolius Ehrh., Beitr. 6: 83 (1791), nom. inval.
= Juncus subverticillatus var. fluitans (Lam.) Wallr., Sched. Crit. 1: 146 (1822)
= Juncus subverticillatus var. supinus (Moench) Lej., 165 (1811), nom. illeg.
= Juncus subverticillatus var. supinus (Moench) Wallr., Sched. Crit. 1: 146 (1822), nom. inval.
= Juncus subverticillatus var. uliginosus (Roth) Lej., 165 (1811), nom. illeg.
= Juncus subverticillatus var. uliginosus Gaudin, Fl. Helv. 2: 555 (1828), nom. inval.
= Juncus subverticillatus Wulfen, Jacq. Coll. 3: 51 (1791)
= Juncus supinus confervaceus (St.-Lag.) Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 462 (1904)
= Juncus supinus f. confervaceus (St.-Lag.) Buchenau, Fl. Nordwestdeut. Tiefebene: 136 (1894)
= Juncus supinus f. confervaceus St.-Lag. ex Glück, 212 (1911)
= Juncus supinus f. fluitans (Lam.) Neuman, Sver. Fl.: 658 (1901)
= Juncus supinus f. nanus Peterm., Anal. Pfl.-Schlüss.: 469 (1846)
= Juncus supinus f. repens (W.D.J.Koch) Glück, 206 (1911)
= Juncus supinus f. semimersus Glück, 322 (1923)
= Juncus supinus f. submersus Glück, 207 (1911), et Süsswasserflora: 15 (1936)
= Juncus supinus f. terrestris Glück, 205 (1911)
= Juncus supinus f. uliginosus (Roth) Suess., 212 (1939)
= Juncus supinus geniculatus Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 462 (1904)
= Juncus supinus Moench, Enum. Pl. Hass. 167 (1777)
= Juncus supinus ssp. bulbosus (L.) K.Richt., Pl. Eur. 1: 179 (1890), nom. inval.
= Juncus supinus ssp. eusupinus Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 461 (1904), nom. inval.
= Juncus supinus ssp. fluitans (Lam.) K.Richt., Pl. Eur. 1: 179 (1890), isonym
= Juncus supinus ssp. fluitans (Lam.) Schübl. & G.Martens, 234 (1834)
= Juncus supinus ssp. uliginosus (Roth) K.Richt., Pl. Eur. 1: 179 (1890), isonym
= Juncus supinus ssp. uliginosus (Roth) Schübl. & G.Martens, 234 (1834)
= Juncus supinus ssp. welwitschii (Hochst. ex Steud.) K.Richt., Pl. Eur. 1: 180 (1890)
= Juncus supinus var. aquatilis Gren., Fl. France 3: 344 (1856), nom. superfl.
= Juncus supinus var. confervaceus (St.-Lag.) Rouy, G. Rouy & J. Foucaud, Fl. France 13: 244 (1912)
= Juncus supinus var. cylindricus Husn., Joncées: 13 (1908)
= Juncus supinus var. erectus E.Lehm., Arch. Naturk. Liv.-Ehst.-Kurlands, Ser. 2, Biol. Naturk. 11: 176 (1895)
= Juncus supinus var. erectus Neilr., Fl. Nied.-Österr. 1: 148 (1859)
= Juncus supinus var. fluitans (Lam.) Fr., Novit. Fl. Suec. Alt.: 91 (1828), isonym
= Juncus supinus var. fluitans (Lam.) Wahlenb., 114 (1820)
= Juncus supinus var. fluitans Neilr., Fl. Nied.-Österr. 1: 148 (1859), nom. illeg.
= Juncus supinus var. nodosus Lange, Vidensk. Meddel. Naturhist. Foren. Kjøbenhavn 1860: 66 (1860)
= Juncus supinus var. pygmaeus T.Marsson, Fl. Neu-Vorpommern: 456 (1869)
= Juncus supinus var. repens Gren. & Godr., Fl. France 3: 344 (1856)
= Juncus supinus var. repens Neilr., Fl. Nied.-Österr. 1: 148 (1859), nom. illeg.
= Juncus supinus var. repens W.D.J.Koch, 730 (1837)
= Juncus supinus var. subverticillatus (Wulfen) Syme, 33 (1870)
= Juncus supinus var. terrestris Lange, Haandb. Danske Fl.: 213 (1851)
= Juncus supinus var. uliginosus (Roth) Fr., Novit. Fl. Suec. Alt.: 91 (1828)
= Juncus supinus var. viviparus (Relhan) Willk. & Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 1: 185 (1861)
= Juncus supinus var. viviparus J.J.Schmitz & Regel, 80 (1841)
= Juncus supinus var. welwitschii (Hochst. ex Steud.) Cout., Bol. Soc. Brot. 8: 106 (1890)
= Juncus uliginosus fluitans (Lam.) G.Mey., Chloris Han.: 567 (1836)
= Juncus uliginosus repens G.Mey., Chloris Han.: 567 (1836)
= Juncus uliginosus Roth, Roem. & Usteri, Mag. 1: 2tes St. (1788) 16
= Juncus uliginosus var. ericetorum (Krock.) Wimm. & Grab., 337 (1827)
= Juncus uliginosus var. fluitans (Lam.) Boenn., 103 (1824)
= Juncus uliginosus var. fluitans (Lam.) Spenn., Fl. Friburg. 1: 185 (1825), isonym
= Juncus uliginosus var. minor Hook., Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 191 (1838)
= Juncus uliginosus var. subverticillatus (Wulfen) Boenn., 103 (1824)
= Juncus uliginosus var. supinus (Moench) Spenn., Fl. Friburg. 1: 184 (1825), nom. inval.
= Juncus uliginosus var. supinus (Moench) W.D.J.Koch & Ziz, 8 (1814), nom. illeg.
= Juncus viviparus Relhan, Fl. Cantab. 123 (1785)
= Phylloschoenus supinus (Moench) Fourr., Ann. Soc. L. Lyon, N. S. 17: (1869) 171
= Tristemon uliginosum (Roth) Raf., Autikon Bot. 192 (1840)
subspecies :
subsp. kochii (F.W.Schultz) Reichg.; S. J. van Ooststroom & al., Fl. Neerl. 6(1): 189 (1964)
Name: Koch-Binse (DE)
Distribution: Germany (Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt); France; Belgium; Netherlands; Luxembourg; England; etc.
10 GRB 11 BGM GER LUX NET 12 FRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus articulatus var. kochii (F.W.Schultz) Hook.fil., 391 (1870)
= Juncus bulbosus var. kochii (F.W.Schultz) Vollm., 134 (1914)
= Juncus kochii F.W.Schultz, Pollichia, 13: (1855) 32
= Juncus supinus ssp. kochii (F.W.Schultz) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 748 (1882)
= Juncus supinus var. nigritellus W.D.J.Koch, 843 (1844), nom. illeg.
= Juncus supinus ssp. nigritellus W.D.J.Koch ex Hartm., 47 (1846)
= Juncus supinus var. kochii (F.W.Schultz) Syme, J. Bot. 11: 271 (1871)
= Juncus supinus var. nigritellus (W.D.J.Koch ex Hartm.) Syme, 33 (1870), nom. illeg.
= Juncus welwitschii Hochst. ex Steud., Syn. Pl. Cyp. 304 (1855)
species :
Juncus burkartii Barros; Darwiniana, 10: 431 (1953)
Distribution: Argentina (Rio Negro)
85 ARG
species :
Juncus caesariensis Coville; Mem. Torr. Bot. Club 5: 106 (1894)
Name: New Jersey rush
Distribution: USA (Maryland, North Carolina, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Virginia); Canada (Nova Scotia)
72 CDN 75 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus asper Engelm., A. Gray, Manual, ed. 5: 544 (1867), nom. illeg.
species :
Juncus caespiticius E.Mey.; Lehm. Pl. Preiss. 2: 47 (1846)
Distribution: Australia (South Australia, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania); New Zealand
50 AUS 51 NZL
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus similis Buchenau, Krit. Verz. Junc 41 (1879)
= Juncus caespiticius var. bracteatus Buchenau, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 12: 439 (1890)
species :
Juncus canadensis Gay; Laharpe, Monogr. Jonc. 134 (1825)
Name: Canadian rush
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Virginia, Vermont, Washington State, Wisconsin, West Virginia); Canada (British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Isl., Québec); St. Pierre et Miquelon; Australia [I] (New South Wales [I]); New Zealand [I]; Belgium [I]; Netherlands [I]
11 bgm net 50 aus 51 nzl 71 CDN 72 CDN SPM 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus canadensis f. apertus Fernald, Rhodora 47: 129 (1945)
= Juncus canadensis f. conglobatus Fernald, Rhodora 47: 129-130 (1945)
= Juncus canadensis var. euroauster Fernald, Rhodora 47: 127 (1945)
= Juncus canadensis var. longicaudatus Engelm., A. Gray, Manual, ed. 5: 543 (1867)
= Juncus canadensis var. paradoxus Farw., Pap. Michigan Acad. Sci. 30: 60 (1944 publ. 1945)
= Juncus canadensis var. sparsiflorus Fernald, Rhodora 23: 241 (1921)
= Juncus longicaudatus (Engelm.) Mack., Bull. Torr. Bot. Cl., 56: 31 (1929)
species :
Juncus capensis Thunb.; Prod. Pl. Cap. 66 (1794)
Distribution: South Africa (N-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Australia [I] (New South Wales [I], Tasmania [I]); St. Helena [I]
27 SAF 28 sth 50 aus
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus acutangulus Buchenau, Monogr. Junc. Cap: 480 (1875)
= Juncus anonymus Steud., Syn. Pl. Cyp. 304
= Juncus apiculatus Adamson, Journ. L. Soc., Bot. I. 27 (1935)
= Juncus atropurpureus Adamson, Journ. L. Soc., Bot. 50: 30 (1935)
= Juncus capensis f. depauperatus Buchenau, Monogr. Junc. Cap: 489 (1875)
= Juncus capensis f. frondescens Buchenau, Monogr. Junc. Cap: 490 (1875)
= Juncus capensis ssp. angustifolius (E.Mey.) Buchenau, Monogr. Junc. Cap: 484 (1875)
= Juncus capensis ssp. delicatulus (Steud.) Buchenau, Monogr. Junc. Cap: 490 (1875)
= Juncus capensis ssp. geniculatus Buchenau, Monogr. Junc. Cap: 492 (1875)
= Juncus capensis ssp. longifolius Buchenau, Monogr. Junc. Cap: 482 (1875)
= Juncus capensis ssp. parviflorus Buchenau, Monogr. Junc. Cap: 491 (1875)
= Juncus capensis var. angustifolius E.Mey., Linnaea 3: 372 (1828)
= Juncus capensis var. delicatulus (Steud.) Adamson, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 50: 28 (1935)
= Juncus capensis var. ecklonii Buchenau, Monogr. Junc. Cap: 485 (1875), nom. superfl.
= Juncus capensis var. flaccidus (Steud.) Buchenau, Monogr. Junc. Cap: 488 (1875)
= Juncus capensis var. gracilior Buchenau, Monogr. Junc. Cap: 483 (1875)
= Juncus capensis var. macranthus Adamson, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 50: 28 (1935)
= Juncus capensis var. sphagnetorum Buchenau, Monogr. Junc. Cap: 489 (1875)
= Juncus capensis var. strictissimus Buchenau, Monogr. Junc. Cap: 482 (1875)
= Juncus delicatulus Steud., Cyp. Pl. Cyp. 304 (1855)
= Juncus flaccidus Steud., Syn. Pl. Cyp. 303 (1855)
= Juncus indescriptus Steud., Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 304 (1855)
= Juncus singularis Steud., Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 302 (1855)
= Juncus sphagnetorum (Buchenau) Adamson, Journ. L. Soc., Bot. 50: 29 (1935)
= Juncus stenophyllus Steud., Syn. Pl. Cyp. 303 (1855)
= Juncus sulcatus Hochst. ex Krauss, Flora, 28: (1845) 342
= Juncus umbellatus Adamson, Journ. L. Soc., Bot. 50: 38 (1935)
species :
Juncus capillaceus Lam.; Encyc. 3: 266 (1789)
Distribution: Peru; Ecuador; Venezuela (Merida); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Chaco, Cordoba, Corrientes, Entre Rios, La Rioja, Santiago del Estero, Santa Fe, Tucuman); S-Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul); Chile (Valparaiso, O´Higgins, Bio Bio, Araucania, Los Lagos); Juan Fdz. Isl.; Uruguay (Artigas, Canelones, Cerro Largo, Colonia, Durazno, Florida Prov., Flores Prov., Maldonado, Montevideo, Paysandu, Salto, Treinta y Tres); Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Cochabamba); SE-Brazil; Colombia (Boyacá, Cundinamarca, Nariño, Norte de Santander, Valle); South Africa [I] (W-Cape Prov. [I]); St. Helena [I]; Australia [I] (New South Wales [I]); Spain [I]
12 spa 27 saf 28 sth 50 aus 82 CLM VEN 83 BOL ECU PER 84 BRA 85 ARG CLE JNF URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus tenuifolius Steud., Syn. Pl. Cyp. 2: 306 (1855)
= Juncus capillaceus var. montevidensis Buchenau, Junc. S. Amer.: 377 (1879)
species :
Juncus capillaris F.J.Herm.; Leafl. West. Bot. 5: 116 (1948)
Name: Hairystem dwarf rush
Distribution: USA (California, Oregon)
73 USA 76 USA
species :
Juncus capitatus Weigel; Obs. Bot. 28 (1772)
Name: Kopf-Binse (DE); Leafybract dwarf rush (EN); Junco cabezon (ES)
Distribution: Albania; Austria; Belgium; Luxembourg; Baleares; England; Channel Isl.; Bulgaria; Corsica; Crete; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Denmark; France; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, +Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, +Hessen, +Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, +Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Greece; Switzerland; Netherlands; Spain; Hungary; Italy; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Serbia & Kosovo; Montenegro; Macedonia; Slovenia; Croatia; Portugal; Malta; Poland; ?Romania; Sardinia; Sicily; Sweden; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Cyprus (N-Cyprus); East Aegaean Isl.; European Turkey; Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon); Azores (Santa Maria Isl., Sao Miguel Isl., Terceira, Sao Jorge, Pico, Faial, Flores Isl., Corvo Isl.); Madeira (Madeira Isl.); Canary Isl. (Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro); Algeria; Libya; Morocco; Tunisia; Cameroon; Ethiopia; Kenya; South Africa (Gauteng, Free State, W-Cape Prov.); Lesotho; Latvia; Lithuania; W-European Russia; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; Belarus; Ukraine; Kazakhstan; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); USA [I] (Alabama [I], California [I], Louisiana [I], Oklahoma [I], Texas [I]); S-Brazil [I]; Argentina [I]; Chile [I]; Uruguay [I]; New Zealand [I]
10 DEN GRB SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 BAL CIS COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KRI MLT MNT NMA SIC SLV SRB TUE 14 BLR LAT LIT RUS UKR 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN 21 AZO CNY MDR 23 CMN 24 ETH 25 KEN 27 LES SAF 32 KAZ 34 CYP EAI ISR LEB TUR 50 aus 51 nzl 74 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa 84 bra 85 arg cle uru
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus capitatus f. physcomitrioides (Baen.) Neuman, Sver. Fl.: 659 (1901)
= Juncus capitatus f. physcomitroides (Baen.) Abrom., 1089 (1940), isonym
= Juncus capitatus f. umbelliformis Merino, Fl. Galicia 3: 52 (1909)
= Juncus capitatus ssp. setaceus K.Richt., Pl. Eur. 1: 182 (1890)
= Juncus capitatus triandrus (Asch.) Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 489 (1904)
= Juncus capitatus var. congestus Ten., Fl. Napol. 4: 53 (1830)
= Juncus capitatus var. physcomitrioides Baen., Prosp. Herb. Eur.: 4 (1873)
= Juncus capitatus var. triandrus Asch., Fl. Sard. Comp.: 188 (1885)
= Juncus capitatus versicolor Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 489 (1904)
= Juncus capitatus virescens Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 489 (1904)
= Juncus ericetorum Pollich, Hist. Pl. Palat. 1: 351 (1776)
= Juncus ericetorum var. capitatus (Weigel) C.C.Gmel., 72 (1806), nom. illeg.
= Juncus globiceps Bajtenov, Vestnik Akad. Nauk Kazak. SSR, No. 9 (126) 78 (1955)
= Juncus gracilis Roth, Tent. Fl. Germ. 1: 155 (1787)
= Juncus gracilis var. capitatus (Weigel) Roth, Tent. Fl. Germ. 1: 155 (1788), nom. illeg.
= Juncus mutabilis Lam., Encycl. 3: 270 (1789)
= Juncus tenellus M.Geuns, Pl. Belg. Confed. Indig. Spicil. 25 (1788)
= Juncus triandrus Gouan, Herbor. 25 (1796)
= Schoenus minimus T.F.Forst., Symons, Syn. Pl. Brit. 197 (1798)
species :
Juncus castaneus Sm.; Fl. Brit. 1: 383 (1800)
subspecies :
subsp. castaneus
Name: Kastanien-Binse, Chestnut rush
Distribution: Austria; England; Slovakia; Switzerland; Iceland; Italy; Norway; Romania; C-European Russia; N-European Russia; Ukraine; Svalbard; Sweden; Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia, NE-Siberia); Russian Far East (incl. Kamchatka, Kuril Isl.); China (Jilin, Nei Mongol, Hebei, Shanxi, Shaanxi, Ningxia, Gansu, Qinghai, Sichuan, Yunnan); Alaska; USA (Colorado, Montana, New Mexico, Nevada, Utah, Wyoming); Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Labrador, Manitoba, Northern Territories, Nunavut, Ontario, Québec, Saskatchewan, Yukon); Greenland
10 GRB ICE NOR SVA SWE 11 AUT SLO SWI 13 ITA ROM 14 RUS UKR 30 SIB 31 RFE 36 CHI 70 ASK CDN GNL 71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 76 USA 77 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus castaneus f. pallidus (Buchenau) Boivin, Naturaliste Canad. 94: 525 (1967)
= Juncus castaneus var. pallidus Buchenau, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 12: 403 (1890)
= Juncus czetzii Schur, Oestr. Bot. Zeitschr. 13: (1863) 111
subspecies :
subsp. leucochlamys (W.J.Zinger ex V.I.Krecz.) Hultén; Arktic Bot. 7(1): 32 (1967 publ. 1968)
Distribution: Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Russian Far East (incl. Kamchatka, Kuril Isl.); NE-China; Mongolia; Alaska; Aleutes; Canada (Yukon)
30 SIB 31 RFE 36 CHI 37 MON 70 ASK CDN
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus leucochlamys ssp. borealis (Tolm.) Novikov, Sosud. Rast. Sovet. Dal´nego Vostoka, 1: 74 (1985)
= Juncus leucochlamys var. borealis Tolm., Arktich. Fl. SSSR 4: 21 (1963)
= Juncus leucochlamys W.J.Zinger ex V.I.Krecz., Fl. Transbaical. 2: 141 (1931)
subspecies :
subsp. triceps (Rostk.) Novikov; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast., 15: 92 (1979)
Distribution: Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Russian Far East (incl. Kamchatka, Kuril Isl., Sakhalin); Japan (Hokkaido); North Korea; Mongolia; Kazakhstan
30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ 37 MON 38 JAP NKO
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus castaneus var. koreanus Ohwi, Bot. Mag. 45: 189 (1931)
= Juncus satakei Kitag., J. Jap. Bot. 26: 11 (1951)
= Juncus triceps Rostk., Junc. 48 (1801)
= Juncus triceps var. koreanus (Ohwi) Satake, Nov. Fl. Jap. 1: 30 (1938)
species :
Juncus cephalostigma Sam.; Hand.-Mazz., Symb. Sin. 7:1233(1936)
Distribution: Nepal; Bhutan; N-Myanmar; N-India (incl. Sikkim, Darjeeling); China (Yunnan, Sichuan); Tibet
36 CHI TIB 40 BHU IND NEP 41 MYA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus cephalostigma var. dingjieensis K.F.Wu, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 32: 460 (1994)
species :
Juncus cephalotes Thunb.; Prod. Pl. Cap. 66 (1794)
Distribution: South Africa (N-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus altus Buchenau, Monogr. Junc. Cap: 457 (1875)
= Juncus capensis var. minimus Laharpe, Essai Monogr. Jonc.: 55 (1825)
= Juncus cephalotes var. minimus Hochst., Flora 28: 342 (1845), sensu auct.
= Juncus cephalotes var. ustulatus Buchenau, Monogr. Junc. Cap: 451 (1875)
= Juncus cephalotes var. varius Buchenau, Monogr. Junc. Cap: 451 (1875)
= Juncus filifolius Adamson, Journ. L. Soc., Bot. 50: 36 (1935)
= Juncus inaequalis Buchenau, Bremen, Abh. 4: (1875) 455
= Juncus inaequalis var. altus (Buchenau) Adamson, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 50: 34 (1935)
= Juncus inaequalis var. squarrosus Adamson, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 50: 36 (1935)
= Juncus inaequalis var. viridescens Buchenau, Monogr. Junc. Cap: 455 (1875)
= Juncus parvulus E.Mey. ex Buchenau, Monogr. Junc. Cap: 447 (1875)
= Juncus polytrichos E.Mey. & Buchenau, Monogr. Junc. Cap: 448 (1875)
= Juncus rupestris var. schlechteri (Buchenau) Adamson, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 50: 38 (1935)
= Juncus schlechteri Buchenau, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 24: 459 (1898)
species :
Juncus chiapasensis Balslev; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard., 75(1): 379 (1988)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas)
79 MEX
species :
Juncus chlorocephalus Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sc. St. Louis, 2: (1868) 485
Name: Greenhead rush
Distribution: USA (California, Nevada)
76 USA
species :
Juncus chrysocarpus Buchenau; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 6: 201-202 (1885)
Distribution: Tibet; Nepal; Bhutan; N-India (incl. Sikkim)
36 TIB 40 BHU IND NEP
species :
Juncus clarkei Buchenau; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 6: 210-211 (1885)
Distribution: China (Yunnan, Sichuan); Tibet; N-India (incl. Sikkim, Darjeeling, Chumbi); Bhutan; Nepal; Myanmar
36 CHI TIB 40 BHU IND NEP 41 MYA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus clarkei var. marginatus A.Camus, Notul. Syst. (Paris) 1: 278 (1910)
species :
Juncus compressus Jacq.; Enum. Stirp. Vindob. 60, 235 (1762)
Name: Zusammengedrückte Binse, Platthalm-Binse (DE), Roundfruit rush (EN)
Distribution: Albania; Austria; Belgium; Luxembourg; England; Bulgaria; Corsica; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Denmark; Finland; France; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Greece; Ireland; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Netherlands; Spain; Hungary; Italy; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Serbia & Kosovo; Montenegro; Macedonia; Slovenia; Croatia; Portugal; Malta; Norway; Poland; Romania; Sardinia; Sicily; Sweden; Crimea; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; E-European Russia; C-European Russia; N-European Russia; W-European Russia; Belarus; Ukraine; Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia [Caucasus]; Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Russian Far East (Amur, Primorye); Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Turkmenistan; Tajikistan; Uzbekistan; Mongolia; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); European Turkey; Iran (NW-Iran: Iranian Azerbaijan); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Afghanistan (Kunar / Nuristan); USA [I] (Colorado [I], Illinois [I], Indiana [I], Maryland [I], Maine [I], Michigan [I], Minnesota [I], Montana [I], North Dakota [I], Nebraska [I], New York [I], Ohio [I], Pennsylvania [I], Utah [I], Vermont [I], Wisconsin [I], Wyoming [I]); Canada [I] (British Columbia [I], Manitoba [I], Newfoundland [I], Nova Scotia [I], Ontario [I], Québec [I], Saskatchewan [I]); Argentina [I]; Uruguay [I]
10 DEN FIN GRB IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA MLT MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SRB TUE 14 BLR EST KRY LAT LIT RUS UKR 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG IRN IRQ TUR 37 MON 71 cdn 72 cdn 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 78 usa 85 arg uru
Remarks: compressus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus bulbosus L., 466 (1762), nom. illeg.
= Juncus bulbosus ssp. compressus (Jacq.) Syme, 37 (1870), nom. illeg.
= Juncus bulbosus var. alpinus Schur, Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 687 (1866)
= Juncus bulbosus var. compressus (Jacq.) Jess., 512 (1879)
= Juncus bulbosus var. compressus (Jacq.) Regel, Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 7(1): 553 (1880), isonym
= Juncus bulbosus var. lychnocarpus Wallr., 146 (1822)
= Juncus compressus condensatus Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 430 (1904)
= Juncus compressus elongatus Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 431 (1904)
= Juncus compressus f. alpinus (Schur) Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung., 16(3-4): 366 [1970] (1971)
= Juncus compressus f. euxinus (Velen.) Hayek, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 33(3): 135 (1933)
= Juncus compressus f. laxus (Asch. & Graebn.) Borza, Consp. Fl. Rom. 1: 40 (1947)
= Juncus compressus f. longirepens Zapal., Consp. Fl. Gallic. Crit. 1: 130 (1906)
= Juncus compressus f. tenuifolius Zapal., Consp. Fl. Gallic. Crit. 1: 131 (1906)
= Juncus compressus f. tereticaulis (Vollm.) Suess., 196 (1939)
= Juncus compressus laxus Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 431 (1904)
= Juncus compressus metzleri (F.W.Schultz) Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 431 (1904)
= Juncus compressus var. alpinus Schur, 69 (1851), nom. inval.
= Juncus compressus var. dianthelus K.Koch, Linnaea 21: 629 (1848)
= Juncus compressus var. euxinus Velen., Fl. Bulg., Suppl. 1: 281 (1898)
= Juncus compressus var. metzleri (F.W.Schultz) I.Grint., Fl. Reipubl. Popul. Roman. 11: 539 (1966), nom. superfl.
= Juncus compressus var. nudiculmis F.W.Schultz, Pollichia 20-21: 250 (1863)
= Juncus compressus var. porphyrocarpus Murr, 43 (1923)
= Juncus compressus var. pumilus Schur, 69 (1851), nom. inval.
= Juncus compressus var. tenuifolius Zapal., 95 (1906)
= Juncus compressus var. tenuis Schur, 69 (1851), nom. inval.
= Juncus compressus var. tereticaulis Vollm., 132 (1914)
= Juncus compressus viridiflorus Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 431 (1904)
= Juncus compressus viridis Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 431 (1904)
= Juncus gramineus Dumort., Fl. Belg.: 142 (1827), nom. superfl.
= Juncus gramineus var. compressus (Jacq.) Dumort., Fl. Belg.: 142 (1827), nom. inval.
= Juncus metzleri F.W.Schultz, Pollichia, 13: (1855) 34
variant :
var. pseudogerardii Jafri; Fl. Pakistan, 138: 14 (1981)
Distribution: N-India (Jammu & Kashmir); Pakistan (Kurram, Gilgit)
40 IND PAK
species :
Juncus concinnus D.Don; Prodr. Fl. Nepal. 44 (1825)
Distribution: Bhutan; N-India (Assam, Khasia, Sikkim, etc.); China (Sichuan, Yunnan); Tibet; Nepal; Myanmar
36 CHI TIB 40 BHU IND NEP 41 MYA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus albescens Satake, Hara, Fl. E. Himal. 2: 16 1, f. 13 (1971)
= Juncus elegans Royle ex D.Don, Trans. L. Soc. Lond. 18: 321 (1840), pro syn.
= Juncus glomeratus K.F.Wu, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 32(5): 462-463, f. 6, 1-5 (1994) [non Thunb. 1784]
= Juncus lanpinguensis Novikov, Byull. Moskovsk. Obshch. Isp. Prir., Otd. Biol. 103(4): 67 (1998)
= Juncus luteocarpus Satake, Hara, Fl. E. Himal. 2: 163 (1971)
= Juncus meiguensis K.F.Wu, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 32(5): 463, f. 6, 6-7 (1994)
= Juncus yoskisukei Goel, J. Econ. Taxon. Bot., 7(1): 208 (1985), nom. nov.
variant :
var. gracilicaulis (A.Camus) R.C.Srivast.; Novon, 8(2): 203 (1998)
Distribution: China (Sichuan, Yunnan); Bhutan; N-India (Sikkim); Nepal
36 CHI 40 BHU IND NEP
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus gracilicaulis A.Camus, Notul. Syst. (Paris) 1: 279 (1910)
species :
Juncus concolor Sam.; Symb. Sin. 7(5): 1232-1233 (1936)
Distribution: China (W-Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Juncus confusus Coville; Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 10: 127 (1896)
Name: Colorado rush
Distribution: USA (Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, New Mexico, Nevada, Oregon, South Dakota, Utah, Washington State, Wyoming); Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Saskatchewan); Mexico (Chihuahua, Sonora)
71 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus exilis Osterh., Bull. Torr. Bot. Club 57: 559 (1930 publ. 1931)
species :
Juncus conglomeratus L.; Sp. Pl. 326 (1753)
Name: Knäuel-Binse (DE)
Distribution: Austria; Belgium; Luxembourg; England; Channel Isl.; Bulgaria; Corsica; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Denmark; Faeroe Isl.; Finland; France; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Greece; Ireland; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Netherlands; Spain; Hungary; Italy; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Serbia & Kosovo; Montenegro; Macedonia; Slovenia; Croatia; Portugal; Malta; Norway; Poland; Romania; Sardinia; Sicily; Sweden; Crimea; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; E-European Russia; C-European Russia; N-European Russia; W-European Russia; Belarus; Ukraine; Siberia (W-Siberia); Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Turkey (N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, W-Anatolia); European Turkey; Iraq (NE-Iraq); Azores (Sao Miguel Isl.); Madeira (Madeira Isl.); Algeria; Morocco; Tunisia; Australia [I] (Tasmania [I]); Venezuela [I]; Brazil [I]; New Zealand [I]; USA (Connecticut, Idaho, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Virginia, Vermont, Washington State, Wisconsin, West Virginia)
10 DEN FIN FOR GRB IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 CIS COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA MLT MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SRB TUE 14 BLR EST KRY LAT LIT RUS UKR 20 ALG MOR TUN 21 AZO MDR 30 SIB 33 GEO NCS 34 IRQ TUR 50 aus 51 nzl 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 78 USA 82 ven 84 bra
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus communis ssp. conglomeratus (L.) Celak., Prodr. Fl. Böhmen 1: 80 (1867), nom. inval.
= Juncus communis subvar. viridiflorus (Buchenau) Rouy, G. Rouy & J. Foucaud, Fl. France 13: 225 (1912)
= Juncus communis var. conglomeratus (L.) E.Mey., Junc. Gen. Monogr. Spec.: 20 (1819)
= Juncus conglomeratus laxus (Beck) Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 445 (1904)
= Juncus conglomeratus ssp. subuliflorus (Drejer) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 746 (1882)
= Juncus conglomeratus subuliflorus (Drejer) Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 446 (1904)
= Juncus conglomeratus umbrosus Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 445 (1904)
= Juncus conglomeratus var. altissimus Rchb., 93 (1830)
= Juncus conglomeratus var. effusus Hoppe ex Mert. & W.D.J.Koch, 573 (1826), nom. illeg.
= Juncus conglomeratus var. giganteus Schur, 69 (1851), nom. inval.
= Juncus conglomeratus var. laxus (Beck) I.Grint., Fl. Reipubl. Popul. Roman. 11: 552 (1966)
= Juncus conglomeratus var. subuliflorus (Drejer) Abrom., 1082 (1940), isonym
= Juncus conglomeratus var. subuliflorus (Drejer) Asch. & Graebn., 446 (1904)
= Juncus conglomeratus var. umbrosus (Asch. & Graebn.) I.Grint., Fl. Reipubl. Popul. Roman. 11: 552 (1966)
= Juncus conglomeratus viridiflorus (Buchenau) Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 445 (1904)
= Juncus effusus f. conglomeratus (L.) Neuman, 654 (1901)
= Juncus effusus f. conglomeratus (L.) Reichg., S. J. van Ooststroom & al., Fl. Neerl. 6(1): 180 (1964), isonym
= Juncus effusus ssp. conglomeratus (L.) Husn., Joncées: 7 (1908)
= Juncus effusus ssp. subuliflorus (Drejer) C.Hartm., 51 (1866)
= Juncus effusus var. caeruleomontanus H.St.John, Res. Stud. State Coll. Wash. 2: 110 (1931)
= Juncus effusus var. conglomeratus (L.) Bosch, Prodr. Fl. Batav. 1: 277 (1850)
= Juncus glomeratus Thunb., Fl. Jap.: 145 (1784), nom. superfl.
= Juncus laevis var. conglomeratus (L.) Wallr., 143 (1822)
= Juncus leersii f. subuliflorus (Drejer) Neuman, Sver. Fl.: 654 (1901)
= Juncus leersii f. viridiflorus (Buchenau) Buchenau, Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 36: 138 (1906)
= Juncus leersii T.Marsson, Fl. Neu-Vorpom. 451 (1869)
= Juncus leersii var. elongatus Jess., 510 (1879), nom. illeg.
= Juncus leersii var. laxus Beck, Fl. Nieder-Österreich 1: 153 (1890)
= Juncus leersii var. praeflorens Ade & Vollm., Ber. Bayer. Bot. Ges. 9: 53 (1904)
= Juncus leersii var. subuliflorus (Drejer) Buchenau, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 12: 233 (1890)
= Juncus leersii var. viridiflorus Buchenau, Abh. Naturwiss. Vereine Bremen 10: 506 (1889)
= Juncus leesii var. subuliflorus (Drejer) Buchenau, 233 (1890)
= Juncus matthioli Bubani, Fl. Pyren. 4: 177 (1901), nom. superfl.
= Juncus subuliflorus Drejer, Fl. Excurs. Hafn. 127 (1838)
= Juncus subuliflorus f. laxus (Beck) Reichg., S. J. van Ooststroom & al., Fl. Neerl. 6(1): 181 (1964)
= Juncus subuliflorus f. leersii (T.Marsson) Reichg., S. J. van Ooststroom & al., Fl. Neerl. 6(1): 181 (1964)
= Juncus subuliflorus f. praeflorens (Ade & Vollm.) Reichg., S. J. van Ooststroom & al., Fl. Neerl. 6(1): 181 (1964)
= Tristemon glomeratum Raf., Autik. Bot.: 192 (1840)
species :
Juncus continuus L.A.S.Johnson; J. M. Black, Fl. S. Austr., ed. 3, 1: 325 (1978)
Distribution: Australia (Northern Territory, South Australia, Queensland, New South Wales); Norfolk Isl.; New Zealand [I]
50 AUS NFK 51 nzl
species :
Juncus cooperi Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sc. St. Louis, 2: (1868) 586
Name: Cooper´s rush
Distribution: USA (Arizona, California, Nevada); Mexico (Baja California Norte, Sonora)
76 USA 79 MEX
species :
Juncus cordobensis Barros; Darwiniana, 10: 371 (1953), sine descr. lat., et Lilloa, 28: 279 (1957)
Distribution: Argentina (Buenos Aires, Chaco, Cordoba, Corrientes, Entre Rios, Formosa, Tucuman); Colombia (Boyacá, Cundinamarca)
82 CLM 85 ARG
species :
Juncus coriaceus Mack.; Bull. Torr. Bot. Cl., 56: 28 (1929)
Name: Leathery rush
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, New Jersey, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia)
74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus setaceus Rostk., Junc. 13. t. 1. f. 2 (1801), nom. rej. prop.
species :
Juncus covillei Piper; Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 11: 182 (1906)
Name: Coville´s rush
Distribution: USA (California, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington State); Canada (British Columbia)
71 CDN 73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus falcatus var. paniculatus Engelm., Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 2: 495 (1868)
= Juncus latifolius var. paniculatus (Engelm.) Buchenau, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 12: 426 (1890)
variant :
var. obtusatus C.L.Hitchc.; C. L. Hitchc. & al., Vasc. Pl. Pacific Northw. 1: 193 (1969)
Distribution: Canada (British Columbia); USA (Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, California)
71 CDN 73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus obtusatus Engelm., Trans. Acad. Sc. St. Louis, 2: (1868) 495, non Kit.
species :
Juncus crassistylus A.Camus; Notul. Syst. (Paris) 1: 277 (1910)
Distribution: China (Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Juncus curtisiae L.A.S.Johnson; Aspects Tasmanian Bot. - Tribute Winifred Curtis (ed. M. R. Banks et al.): 44 (1991)
Distribution: Australia (Tasmania)
50 AUS
species :
Juncus curvatus Buchenau; Engl. Pflanzenreich, Juncac. 128 (1906)
Distribution: Russian Far East (Sakhalin); ?Japan
31 RFE
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus brachyspathus var. curvatus (Buchenau) Satake, T. Nakai & M. Honda, Nov. Fl. Jap. 1: 58 (1938)
= Juncus filiformis var. curvatus (Buchenau) R.R.Kudô, Contr. Fl. N. Saghal.: 26 (1923)
species :
Juncus cyperoides Laharpe; Mem. Soc. Hist. Nat. Par. 3: (1827) 145
Distribution: Argentina (Chubut, Neuquen, Rio Negro, Tucuman); Chile (Coquimbo, Valparaiso, O´Higgins, Maule, Bio Bio, Araucania, Los Lagos, Aisen, Magallanes, Reg. Metropolitana); Peru; Ecuador; Colombia (Boyacá, Cauca, Cundinamarca, Meta, Nariño, Putumayo); Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz); Turkey [I]; USA [I] (California [I])
34 tur 76 usa 82 CLM 83 BOL ECU PER 85 ARG CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Cephaloxys graminifolia (E.Mey.) Nees & Meyen ex Kunth, Enum. Pl. 3: 343 (1843)
= Juncus graminifolius E.Mey., C. Presl, Rel. Haenk. 1: 144 (1827)
= Juncus rivularis Poepp. ex Kunth, Enum. Pl. 3: 343 (1855)
species :
Juncus debilis A.Gray; Man. Bot. U. St. ed. II. 480 (1848)
Name: Weak rush
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia); Mexico (Chiapas, Oaxaca); Honduras
74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX 80 HON
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus acuminatus var. debilis (A.Gray) Engelm., A. Gray, Manual, ed. 5: 542 (1867)
= Juncus polycephalus var. depauperatus Torr., Fl. New York 2: 327 (1843)
= Juncus radicans Schltdl., Linnaea 18: 442 (1844), nom. rejic.
species :
Juncus decipiens (Buchenau) Nakai; Veg. Kamikochi, 35 (1928)
subspecies :
subsp. decipiens
Distribution: Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu); Ryukyu Isl.; Russian Far East (Ussuri, Sakhalin, Primorye); NE-China; North Korea; South Korea; NE-India (Assam); Thailand; USA (Connecticut, Massachusetts, Maine, Michigan, New Hampshire, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont)
31 RFE 36 CHI 38 JAP KOR NKO NNS 40 IND 41 THA 75 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus decipiens f. spiralis (Makino) Satake, J. Fac. Sci. Univ. Tokyo, Sect. 3, Bot. 4(2): 177 (1933)
= Juncus decipiens f. utilis (Makino) Satake, J. Fac. Sci. Univ. Tokyo, Sect. 3, Bot. 4(2): 177 (1933)
= Juncus decipiens var. glomeratus (Makino) Satake, J. Fac. Sci. Univ. Tokyo, Sect. 3, Bot. 4(2): 178 (1933)
= Juncus decipiens var. gracilis Nakai, Rep. Veg. Daisetsu Mts.: 60 (1930)
= Juncus decipiens var. robustior Satake, Nov. Fl. Jap. 1: 30 (1938)
= Juncus effusus f. glomeratus Makino, Bot. Mag. 12: 163 (1898)
= Juncus effusus f. gracilis Buchenau ex Matsum., Index Pl. Jap. 2: 184 (1905), nom. illeg.
= Juncus effusus f. spiralis Makino, J. Jap. Bot. 7: 27 (1931)
= Juncus effusus f. utilis Makino, Fl. Japan: 1290 (1925)
= Juncus effusus ssp. decipiens (Buchenau) Weim., Svensk Bot. Tidskr. 40: 143 (1946)
= Juncus effusus var. decipiens Buchenau, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 12: 229 (1890)
subspecies :
subsp. medianus L.A.S.Johnson & K.L.Wilson; Telopea 9: 377 (2001)
Distribution: Taiwan; Borneo; Java; New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea); ?Philippines
38 TAI 42 BOR JAW NWG
subspecies :
subsp. sundaicus (Ridl.) L.A.S.Johnson & K.L.Wilson; Telopea 9: 378 (2001)
Distribution: Java; Sumatra
42 JAW SUM
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus sundaicus Ridl., J. Bot. 73: 342 (1935)
species :
Juncus densiflorus Kunth; Nov. Gen. et Sp. 1: 238 (1815) [1816]
Distribution: Venezuela (Amazonas, Bolívar, Lara, Merida, Tachira); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Chaco, Cordoba, Corrientes, Entre Rios, Formosa, Misiones, Santa Fe, Tucuman); S-Brazil (Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina); Paraguay (Caazapa, Central, Cordillera, Guaira, Misiones, Paraguari, Pres. Hayes, San Pedro); Uruguay (Cerro Largo, Florida Prov., Maldonado, Montevideo, Rivera, Rio Negro, Rocha, Salto, Soriano); Colombia (Antioquia, Boyacá, Cauca, Cundinamarca, Huila, Nariño, Norte de Santander, Putumayo, Santander, Valle); NE-Brazil; SE-Brazil; Bolivia (Santa Cruz)
82 CLM VEN 83 BOL 84 BRA 85 ARG PAR URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus densiflorus var. cyperinus Buchenau, Junc. S. Amer.: 397 (1879)
= Juncus densiflorus var. pohlii (Steud.) Buchenau, Junc. S. Amer.: 398 (1879)
= Juncus pohlii Steud., Syn. Pl. Cyp. 302 (1855)
species :
Juncus deosaicus Noltie; Edinburgh J. Bot., 55(1): 41 (1998)
Distribution: NE-Pakistan (Deosai)
40 PAK
species :
Juncus depauperatus Ten.; Atti Accad. Sci. Fis. 1: 208 (1832)
Distribution: Algeria
20 ALG
Remarks: valid species fide Dobignard & Chatelain 2010
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus glaucus ssp. depauperatus (Ten.) K.Richt., Pl. Eur. 1: 178 (1890)
= Juncus glaucus depauperatus (Ten.) Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 448 (1904)
= Juncus inflexus var. depauperatus (Ten.) I.Grint., Fl. Reipubl. Popul. Roman. 11: 555 (1966)
= Juncus paniculatus ssp. depauperatus (Ten.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 746 (1882)
species :
Juncus diastrophanthus Buchenau; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 12(3-4): 309 (1890)
Distribution: China (Shanxi, Gansu, Shandong, Jiangsu, Anhui, Zhejiang, Hunan, Hubei, Sichuan, Guizhou); Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu); North Korea; South Korea
36 CHI 38 JAP KOR NKO
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus togakushiensis H.Lév., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 10: 352 (1912)
= Juncus togakushiensis var. viviparus Satake, J. Jap. Bot. 12: 90 (1936)
= Juncus togakushiensis f. viviparus (Satake) Satake, Nov. Fl. Jap. 1: 30 (1938)
species :
Juncus dichotomus Elliott; Sketch, 1: 406 (1817)
Name: Forked rush
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Colorado, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Mississippi, North Carolina, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, West Virginia); Jamaica; Hispaniola; Puerto Rico; Venezuela (Merida); Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, Santa Cruz, Tarija); Brazil (Minas Gerais, Paraná, Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo); Mexico (Aguascalientes, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Zacatecas); Guatemala; Honduras; El Salvador; Costa Rica; Argentina (Buenos Aires, Catamarca, Cordoba, Corrientes, Entre Rios, Jujuy, La Pampa, Neuquen, Salta, Santiago del Estero, Santa Fe, San Luis, Tucuman); S-Brazil (Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina); Chile (Maule, Bio Bio, Araucania); Paraguay (Guaira); Uruguay (Florida, Maldonado, Montevideo, Rio Negro, Rocha, San Jose, Soriano, Tacuarembo, Treinta y Tres); New Zealand [I]; Australia [I] (New South Wales [I])
50 aus 51 nzl 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX 80 COS ELS GUA HON 81 HIS JAM PUE 82 VEN 83 BOL 84 BRA 85 ARG CLE PAR URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus albicans Fernald, Proc. Amer. Acad. 45: 415 (1910)
= Juncus cognatus Kunth, Enum. Pl. 3: 349 (1841)
= Juncus dichotomus var. platyphyllus Wiegand, Bull. Torr. Bot. Club 30: 448 (1903)
= Juncus platyphyllus (Wiegand) Fernald, Rhodora 47: 124 (1945)
= Juncus tenuis ssp. dichotomus (Elliott) Verloove & Lambinon, New J. Bot. 1(1): 40 (2011)
= Juncus tenuis var. dichotomus (Elliott) Alph.Wood, Class-book Bot.: 726 (1861)
= Juncus tenuis var. platyphyllus (Wiegand) Cory, Rhodora 38: 405 (1936)
= Juncus tenuis var. unicornis E.Mey., Linnaea 3: 371 (1828)
species :
Juncus diemii Barros; Darwiniana, 10: 65 (1952)
Distribution: Argentina (Neuquen, Rio Negro); Chile (Los Lagos)
85 ARG CLE
species :
Juncus diffusissimus Buckley; Proc. Acad. Sc. Philad. 1862 (1863) 9
Name: Slimpod rush
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, California, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, Washington State, West Virginia); Peru [I]
73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 83 per
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus acuminatus var. diffusissimus (Buckley) Engelm., Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 2: 463 (1868)
species :
Juncus digitatus C.W.Witham & Zika; J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 2(2): 775 (2008)
Distribution: USA (California)
76 USA
species :
Juncus distegus Edgar; N. Zeal. Journ. Bot. 2: 183 (1964)
Distribution: New Zealand; Chatham Isl.
51 CTM NZL
species :
Juncus dolichanthus L.A.S.Johnson; Telopea, 5(2): 310 (1993)
Distribution: Australia (New South Wales)
50 AUS
species :
Juncus dongchuanensis K.F.Wu; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 32(5): 457, f. 5, 4-5 (1994)
Distribution: China (C-Yunnan, W-Yunnan)
36 CHI
Remarks: probably sterile hybrid involving J. concinnus
species :
Juncus dregeanus Kunth; Enum. Pl. 3: 344 (1841)
subspecies :
subsp. dregeanus
Distribution: South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, N-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Lesotho; Eswatini [Swaziland]; New Zealand [I]
27 LES SAF SWZ 51 nzl
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus diaphanus Buchenau, Monogr. Junc. Cap: 2, t. VII (1875)
= Juncus dregeanus var. conglomeratus Buchenau, Monogr. Junc. Cap: 463 (1875)
= Juncus dregeanus var. longistylus Adamson, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 50: 21 (1935)
= Juncus dregeanus var. sphaerocephalus Adamson, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 50: 21 (1935)
= Juncus dregeanus var. submonocephalus (Steud.) Buchenau, Monogr. Junc. Cap: 63 (1875)
= Juncus sonderianus Buchenau, Monogr. Junc. Cap: 476 (1875)
= Juncus subcuneatus Adamson, Journ. L. Soc., Bot. 50: 23 (1935)
= Juncus subcuneatus var. latifolius Adamson, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 50: 23 (1935)
= Juncus subcuneatus var. minor Adamson, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 50: 23 (1935)
= Juncus subglobosus Adamson, Journ. L. Soc., Bot. 50: 24 (1935)
= Juncus submonocephalus Steud., Syn. Pl. Cyp. 303 (1855)
subspecies :
subsp. bachitii (Hochst. ex Steud.) Hedberg; Symb. Bot. Upsal. 15: 61 (1957)
Distribution: Cameroon; Rwanda; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Congo [Brazzaville]; Ethiopia; Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda; Malawi; Zambia; Zimbabwe; Sudan; South Sudan; Mozambique
23 CMN CON RWA ZAI 24 ETH SSU SUD 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 MLW MOZ ZAM ZIM
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus bachitii Hochst. ex Steud., Syn. Pl. Cyp. 305 (1855)
species :
Juncus drummondii E.Mey.; Ledeb. Fl. Ross. 4: 235 (1853)
Name: Drummond´s rush
Distribution: USA (Arizona, Colorado, Montana, New Mexico, Nevada, Utah, Wyoming); Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Northern Territories, Yukon)
70 CDN 71 CDN 73 USA 76 USA 77 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus arcticus var. gracilis Hook., Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 189 (1840)
= Juncus compressus var. subtriflorus E.Mey., Linnaea 3: 368 (1828)
= Juncus drummondii f. davisonii H.St.John, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 44: 30 (1931)
= Juncus drummondii var. humilis Engelm., Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 2: 445 (1866)
= Juncus pauperculus O.Schwarz, Feddes Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 64: 26 (1961), nom. illeg.
variant :
var. subtriflorus (E.Mey.) C.L.Hitchc.; Vasc. Pl. Pacific Northw. 1: 193 (1969)
Name: Threeflower rush
Distribution: Aleutes; Alaska; USA (California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington State, Wyoming); Canada (British Columbia)
70 ASK 71 CDN 73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus subtriflorus (E.Mey.) Coville, Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 4: 208 (1893)
= Juncus drummondii var. longifructus H.St.John, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 44: 29 (1931)
species :
Juncus dubius Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sc. St. Louis, 2: (1868) 459
Name: Questionable rush
Distribution: USA (California); Mexico (Baja California Norte)
76 USA 79 MEX
species :
Juncus dudleyi Wiegand; Bull. Torr. Bot. Club 27: 524 (1900)
Name: Dudley´s rush (EN)
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Iowa, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, Nevada, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Vermont, Washington State, Wisconsin, West Virginia, Wyoming); Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Labrador, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Northern Territories, Ontario, Prince Edward Isl., Québec, Saskatchewan, Yukon); Mexico (Coahuila); El Salvador [I]; Guatemala [I]; Colombia [I]; Ecuador [I]; Peru [I]; Scotland [I]; Austria [I]; Slovakia [I]; Bosnia & Hercegovina [I]; Germany [I]
10 grb 11 aut ger slo 13 bih 70 CDN 71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX 80 els gua 82 clm 83 ecu per
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus andreanus Weath., Contr. Gray Herb. 81: 84 (1928)
= Juncus coarctatus Willd. ex Spreng., Syst. Veg. 2: 109 (1825), nom. inval.
= Juncus platycaulos Kunth, Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 1: 236 (1816)
= Juncus tenuis ssp. dudleyi (Wiegand) P.Fourn., Quatre Fl. France: 147 (1935)
= Juncus tenuis var. dudleyi (Wiegand) F.J.Herm., J. Arnold Arbor. 25: 56 (1944)
= Juncus tenuis var. platycaulos (Kunth) Buchenau, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 12: 194 (1890)
= Juncus tenuis var. uniflorus Farw., Amer. Midl. Naturalist 9: 265 (1925)
species :
Juncus dulongjiangensis Novikov; Byull. Mosk. Obshch. Ispyt. Prir, Biol., 103(4): 65 (1998)
Distribution: China (Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Juncus duranii Ewan; Rhodora 47: 186 (1945)
Name: Duran´s rush
Distribution: USA (California)
76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus mertensianus var. duranii (Ewan) F.J.Herm., Leafl. W. Bot. 10: 85 (1964)
species :
Juncus durus L.A.S.Johnson & K.L.Wilson; Telopea 9: 380 (2001)
Distribution: New Guinea (Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
species :
Juncus duthiei (C.B.Clarke) Noltie; Edinburgh J. Bot., 51(2): 134 (1994)
Distribution: N-India (Sikkim, Chumbi); Bhutan; Nepal; Tibet; ?China
36 TIB 40 BHU IND NEP
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus harae Miyam. & H.Ohba, J. Jap. Bot., 68(1): 27 (1993)
= Juncus rohtangensis Goel & Aswal, Indian J. Forest., 10(4): 262 (1987)
= Microschoenus duthiei C.B.Clarke, Fl. Brit. Ind. 6: (1894) 675
= Schoenus duthiei (C.B.Clarke) Kük., Fedde, Repert. 44: 6, 165 (1938)
species :
Juncus ebracteatus E.Mey.; Syn. Junc. 28 (1822)
Distribution: Peru; Mexico (Aguascalientes, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Zacatecas); Guatemala; Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz, Potosí, Tarija)
79 MEX 80 GUA 83 BOL PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus brunneus Buchenau, Bremen, Abh. 6: (1879) 403
= Juncus trinervis Liebm., Kjoeb. Vidensk. Meddel. (1850) 41
= Juncus trinervis var. elatus Liebm., Vidensk. Meddel. Naturhist. Foren. Kjøbenhavn 2: 41 (1850)
= Juncus trinervis var. minor Liebm., Vidensk. Meddel. Naturhist. Foren. Kjøbenhavn 2: 40 (1850)
species :
Juncus echinocephalus Balslev; Op. Bot., B (Fl. Ecuador), 11(208): 37 (1979)
Distribution: Venezuela (Tachira); Ecuador; Colombia (Antioquia, Boyacá, Cauca, Cundinamarca, Meta, Nariño, Norte de Santander, Putumayo, Risaralda, Santander, Tolima)
82 CLM VEN 83 ECU
species :
Juncus ecuadoriensis Balslev; Op. Bot., B (Fl. Ecuador), 11(208): 36 (1979)
Distribution: Venezuela (Lara, Merida, Tachira); Ecuador; Colombia (Antioquia, Boyacá, Cauca, Cundinamarca, Nariño, Norte de Santander, Putumayo, Santander)
82 CLM VEN 83 ECU
species :
Juncus edgariae L.A.S.Johnson & K.L.Wilson; Telopea 9: 399 (2001)
Distribution: Chatham Isl.; Kermadec Isl.
51 CTM KER
species :
Juncus effusus L.; Sp. PI.: 326 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. effusus
Name: Flatter-Binse (DE), Common rush (EN)
Distribution: Albania; Austria; Belgium; Luxembourg; England; Channel Isl.; Bulgaria; Corsica; Crete; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Denmark; Faeroe Isl.; Finland; France; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Greece; Ireland; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Netherlands; Andorra; Spain; Hungary; Italy; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Serbia & Kosovo; Montenegro; Macedonia; Slovenia; Croatia; Portugal; Malta; Norway; Poland; Romania; Sardinia; Sicily; Sweden; Algeria; Morocco; Tunisia; Azores (Santa Maria Isl., Sao Miguel Isl., Terceira, Graciosa, Sao Jorge, Pico, Faial, Flores Isl., Corvo Isl.); Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); East Aegaean Isl.; European Turkey; Iran (N-Iran); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Saudi Arabia (Asir); Sinai peninsula (S-Sinai); Syria (C-Syrian Desert); Afghanistan (Laghman); ?Ethiopia; Java; India (incl. Sikkim, Darjeeling); peninsular Malaysia; Nepal; Sri Lanka; Thailand; Vietnam; Cambodia; Sumatra; Borneo; Philippines (Luzon, Mindanao); New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea); Crimea; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; E-European Russia; C-European Russia; N-European Russia; W-European Russia; Kazakhstan; Belarus; Ukraine; Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia [Caucasus]; Siberia (W-Siberia); China (Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Hebei, Shanxi, Gansu, Shandong, Jiangxi, Anhui, Zhejiang, Jiangsu, Fujian, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Guangdong, Guangxi, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan); Taiwan; Tibet; Peru; Ecuador; Guadeloupe; Haiti; Argentina (Catamarca, Rio Negro, Salta, Tierra del Fuego, Tucuman); S-Brazil (Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina); Chile (Maule, Bio Bio, Araucania, Los Lagos, Aisen); Uruguay (Cerro Largo); Venezuela (Aragua, Barinas, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Lara, Merida, Miranda, Tachira, Trujillo, Zulia); Colombia (Antioquia, Boyacá, Caldas, Cauca, Cundinamarca, Huila, La Guajira, Magdalena, Nariño, Norte de Santander, Putumayo, Quindío, Risaralda, Santander, Tolima); Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz, Santa Cruz, Tarija); SE-Brazil; Costa Rica; Nicaragua; Mexico (Aguascalientes, Baja California Norte, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Colima, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Zacatecas); Guatemala; Honduras; El Salvador; Marion Isl.; Auckland Isl. [I]; Falkland Isl. [I]; Tristan da Cunha [I]; Hawaii [I] (Molokai [I], Maui [I], Hawaii Isl. [I]); New Zealand [I]; Australia [I] (South Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); Alaska; USA (Idaho, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Oregon, Washington State, Wisconsin); Canada (British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Isl., Québec); St. Pierre et Miquelon
10 DEN FIN FOR GRB IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 ADO CIS COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KRI MLT MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SRB TUE 14 BLR EST KRY LAT LIT RUS UKR 20 ALG MOR TUN 21 AZO 30 SIB 32 KAZ 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG EAI IRN IRQ LEB SIN SYR TUR 35 SAU 36 CHI TIB 38 TAI 40 IND NEP SRL 41 CBD THA VIE 42 BOR JAW MLY NWG PHI SUM 50 aus 51 auc nzl 63 haw 70 ASK 71 CDN 72 CDN SPM 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 79 MEX 80 COS ELS GUA HON NIC 81 GDL HIS 82 CLM VEN 83 BOL ECU PER 84 BRA 85 ARG CLE URU 91 fal MPE tdc
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus bogotensis Kunth, Nov. Gen. et Sp. 1: 235 (1816)
= Juncus bogotensis var. compactus (Hoppe ex Mert. & W.D.J.Koch) Farw., Amer. Midl. Naturalist 10: 206 (1927)
= Juncus communis E.Mey., Junc. Gen. Monogr. Spec.: 20 (1819), nom. superfl.
= Juncus communis ssp. effusus (L.) Celak., Prodr. Fl. Böhmen 1: 80 (1867), nom. inval.
= Juncus communis var. effusus (L.) Schltdl., 196 (1823)
= Juncus communis var. parviflorus Rouy, G. Rouy & J. Foucaud, Fl. France 13: 225 (1912)
= Juncus conglomeratus laxus G.Mey., Chloris Han.: 563 (1836)
= Juncus conglomeratus ssp. effusus (L.) Celak., 49 (1870)
= Juncus conglomeratus var. effusus (L.) Kostel., Clav. Anal. Fl. Bohem.: 52 (1824)
= Juncus effusus atratus Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 443 (1904)
= Juncus effusus compactus Cout., Bol. Soc. Brot. 8: 93 (1890), nom. illeg.
= Juncus effusus compactus Hoppe ex Mert. & W.D.J.Koch, J. C. Röhling, Deutschl. Fl., ed. 3, 2: 574 (1826)
= Juncus effusus elatus Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 444 (1904)
= Juncus effusus f. conglomeratus (Bosch) Neuman, 654 (1901)
= Juncus effusus f. pauciflorus (Michel ex Lej. & Courtois) C.W.Christ., J. A. Christ. & al., 294 (1922)
= Juncus effusus f. prolifer (Sond.) Hegi, Ill. Fl. Mitt.-Eur. 2: 152 (1909)
= Juncus effusus f. vittatus Hegi, 152 (1909)
= Juncus effusus f. zebrinus (André) Hegi, Ill. Fl. Mitt.-Eur. 2: 152 (1909)
= Juncus effusus pauciflorus (Lej. & Courtois) Asch. & Graebn., Fl. Nordostdeut. Flachl.: 173 (1898)
= Juncus effusus pauciflorus (Lej. & Courtois) Reichg., S. J. van Ooststroom & al., Fl. Neerl. 6(1): 180 (1964)
= Juncus effusus ssp. fistulosus (Guss.) K.Richt., Pl. Eur. 1: 178 (1890)
= Juncus effusus var. compactus (Hoppe ex Mert. & W.D.J.Koch) Lej. & Courtois, Comp. Fl. Belg. 2: 23 (1831)
= Juncus effusus var. compactus Hoppe ex Mert. & W.D.J.Koch, 574 (1826)
= Juncus effusus var. conglomeratus Bosch, 277 (1850)
= Juncus effusus var. dasyanthelus K.Koch, Linnaea 21: 626 (1848)
= Juncus effusus var. elatus (Asch. & Graebn.) I.Grint., Fl. Reipubl. Popul. Roman. 11: 548 (1966)
= Juncus effusus var. fistulosus (Guss.) Buchenau, Krit. Verz. Juncac.: 20 (1880)
= Juncus effusus var. longibracteatus A.Fern. & R.Fern., Anuário Soc. Brot. 15: 14 (1949)
= Juncus effusus var. macranthelus K.Koch, Linnaea 21: 626 (1848)
= Juncus effusus var. pauciflorus Michel ex Lej. & Courtois, Comp. Fl. Belg. 2: 23 (1831)
= Juncus effusus var. prolifer Sond., Fl. Hamburg.: 191 (1851)
= Juncus effusus var. subglomeratus DC., J. B. A. M. de Lam. & A. P. DC., Fl. Franç., ed. 3, 3: 165 (1805)
= Juncus fistulosus Guss., Fl. Sic. Prod. 431 (1827)
= Juncus laevis var. diffusus Wallr., Sched. Crit. 1: 143 (1822)
= Juncus laevis var. effusus (L.) Wallr., Sched. Crit. 1: 143 (1822), nom. inval.
= Juncus laevis Wallr., Sched. Crit. 142 (1822), nom. illeg., pro parte
= Juncus lucens Burnham, Trans. L. Soc. 19: (1845) 492
= Juncus luxurians Colenso, Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 19: 269 (1887)
= Juncus mauritianus Bojer, Hort. Maurit. 360 (1837)
= Juncus zebrinus Hort.Angl. ex André, Illustr. Hortic. 27: (1880) t. 393
subspecies :
subsp. austrocalifornicus Lint; Brittonia 55: 152 (2003)
Distribution: USA (California); Mexico (Baja California Norte)
76 USA 79 MEX
subspecies :
subsp. laxus (Robyns & Tournay) Snogerup; Preslia 74: 259 (2002)
Distribution: Madeira (Madeira Isl.); Canary Isl. (La Palma, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera); Rwanda; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda; Zimbabwe; South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Lesotho; Mauritius; Madagascar
21 CNY MDR 23 RWA ZAI 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 ZIM 27 LES SAF 29 MAU MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus canariensis Willd. ex E.Mey., Syn. Luzul.: 29 (1823)
= Juncus effusus var. canariensis (Willd. ex E.Mey.) Buchenau, Krit. Verz. Juncac.: 11 (1880)
= Juncus effusus laxiflorus Cout., Bol. Soc. Brot. 8: 93 (1890)
= Juncus oehleri Graebn., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 48: 506 (1913)
= Juncus laxus Robyns & Tournay, Bull. Jard. Bot. État 25: 252 (1955)
subspecies :
subsp. pacificus (Fernald & Wiegand) Piper & Beattie; Fl. N. W. Coast: 88 (1915)
Name: Pacific rush
Distribution: Alaska; USA (Arizona, California, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Oregon, Washington State)
70 ASK 73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus effusus var. pacificus Fernald & Wiegand, Rhodora 12: 89 (1910)
subspecies :
subsp. solutus (Fernald & Wiegand) Hämet-Ahti; Ann. Bot. Fenn., 17(2): 188 (1980)
Name: Lamp rush
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Colorado, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, Vermont, Wisconsin, West Virginia)
73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus effusus var. solutus Fernald & Wiegand, Rhodora 12: 90 (1910)
= Juncus griscomii Fernald, Rhodora 38: 41 (1936)
species :
Juncus elbrusicus Galushko; Novit. Syst. Pl. Vasc., Acad. Sci. URSS, 6: 212 (1970)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus
33 NCS
species :
Juncus elliottii Chapm.; Fl. S. U. St. 494 (1860)
Name: Elliott´s rush
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, New Jersey, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia)
75 USA 77 USA 78 USA
variant :
var. polyanthemus C.Mohr; Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 6: 435 (1901)
Distribution: USA (Alabama)
78 USA
species :
Juncus emmanuelis A.Fern. & García; Bot. Soc. Brot. ser. 2, 21: 6 (1947)
Distribution: C- & S-Portugal; SW-Spain
12 POR SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus emmanuelis var. inflatifolius A.Fern. & J.G.García, Mem. Soc. Brot. 4: 32 (1948)
species :
Juncus engleri Buchenau; Engl. Pflanzenreich, Juncac. 248 (1906)
Distribution: NE-Tanzania
25 TAN
species :
Juncus ensifolius Wikstr.; Kungl. Svenska Vet.-Akad. Handl. 1823: 274 (1823)
Name: Schwertblättrige Binse (DE), Swordleaf rush (EN)
Distribution: Alaska; USA (Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, North Dakota, Nevada, New York, Oregon, South Dakota, Utah, Washington State, Wisconsin, Wyoming); Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Ontario, Québec, Saskatchewan); Russian Far East (Kuril Isl.); Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu); Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila, San Luis Potosi, Sonora, Veracruz); Hawaii [I] (Maui [I], Hawaii Isl. [I]); New Zealand [I]; Finland [I]; Germany [I]; Sweden [I]; Austria [I]; Belgium [I]; Netherlands [I]; Georgia [Caucasus] [I] (Adzharia [I])
10 fin swe 11 aut bgm ger net 31 RFE 33 geo 38 JAP 51 nzl 63 haw 70 ASK 71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus ensifolius var. major Hook., Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 191 (1840)
= Juncus novikovii A.P.Khokhr., Byull. Glavn. Bot. Sada 172: 25 (1995)
= Juncus oligocephalus Satake & Ohwi, Acta Phytotax. & Geobot., 2: 104 (1933)
= Juncus xiphioides var. macranthus Engelm., Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 2: 482 (1868)
= Juncus xiphioides var. triandrus Engelm., Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 2: 482 (1868)
species :
Juncus equisetinus Proskur.; Byull. Mosk. Obshch. Ispyt. Prir., Biol., 80(2): 117 (1975)
Distribution: Turkmenistan
32 TKM
species :
Juncus ernesti-barrosii Barros; Darwiniana, 10: 433 (1953)
Distribution: Chile (Bio Bio)
85 CLE
species :
Juncus exiguus (Fernald & Wiegand) Lint ex Snogerup & Zika; Preslia 74: 260 (2002)
Distribution: USA (Arizona, California, Oregon)
73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus effusus var. exiguus Fernald & Wiegand, Rhodora 12: 87 (1910)
species :
Juncus exsertus Buchenau; Bremen, Abh. 4: (1875) 435
subspecies :
subsp. exsertus
Distribution: South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, N-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Lesotho; Eswatini [Swaziland]; Zimbabwe; Zambia; Namibia
26 ZAM ZIM 27 LES NAM SAF SWZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus rostratus Buchenau, Bremen, Abh. 4: (1875) 437
subspecies :
subsp. lesuticus B.L.Burtt; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh, 45(2): 191 [1988] (1989)
Distribution: South Africa (E-Cape Prov.); Lesotho
27 LES SAF
species :
Juncus falcatus E.Mey.; Syn. Luzul. 34 (1823)
subspecies :
subsp. falcatus
Name: Falcate rush
Distribution: Australia (New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania); USA [I] (California [I])
50 AUS 76 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus agrostophyllus F.Muell., Linnaea, 26: 1853 (1855) 245
= Juncus menziesii R.Br. ex Hook., Fl. Bor. Am. 2: 192 (1838)
= Juncus tasmanicus Engelm., Trans. Acad. Sc. St. Louis, 2: (1868) 453
subspecies :
subsp. sitchensis (Buchenau) Hultén; Acta Univ. Lund., n. s., 39(2): 427 (1943)
Distribution: Aleutes; Alaska; USA (Oregon, Washington State); Canada (British Columbia)
70 ASK 71 CDN 73 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus falcatus var. alaskensis Coville, Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 3: 347 (1896)
= Juncus falcatus var. sitchensis Buchenau, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 12: 428 (1890)
species :
Juncus fascinatus (M.C.Johnst.) W.M.Knapp; Phytotaxa 174(5): 256 (2014)
Distribution: USA (Texas)
77 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus validus var. fascinatus M.C.Johnst., S. W. Naturalist 9: 313 (1968)
= Juncus crassifolius var. fascinatus (M.C.Johnst.) Waterf., Rhodora 73: 552 (1972)
species :
Juncus fauriei Lév. & Vaniot; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 51: 292 (1904)
Distribution: Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu); Russian Far East (Kuril Isl.); South Korea
31 RFE 38 JAP KOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus balticus var. japonicus Buchenau, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 12: 215 (1890)
= Juncus glaucus var. yokoscensis Franch. & Sav., Enum. Pl. Jap. 2: 97 (1879)
= Juncus yokoscensis (Franch. & Sav.) Satake, Nov. Fl. Jap. 1: 25 (1938)
= Juncus yokoscensis var. laxus Satake, Nov. Fl. Jap. 1: 25 (1938)
species :
Juncus fauriensis Buchenau; Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin, 3: 127 (1901)
subspecies :
subsp. fauriensis
Distribution: Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu); Russian Far East (Kuril Isl.)
31 RFE 38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus tokubuchii Miyabe & Kudô, Trans. Sapporo Nat. Hist. Soc. 8: 2 (1921)
= Juncus fauriensis var. iwatensis Satake, J. Fac. Sci. Univ. Tokyo, Sect. 3, Bot. 4(2): 183 (1933)
subspecies :
subsp. kamschatcensis (Buchenau) Novikov; Byull. Moskovsk. Obshch. Isp. Prir., Otd. Biol. 95(5): 120 (1990)
Distribution: Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu); Russian Far East (Kuril Isl., Kamchatka, Sakhalin)
31 RFE 38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus fauriensis var. kamschatcensis Buchenau, Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 36: 159 (1906)
= Juncus kamschatcensis (Buchenau) Kudô, J. Coll. Agric. Hokkaido Imp. Univ. 11: 88 (1922)
species :
Juncus fernandez-carvajaliae Romero Zarco & Arán; Nordic J. Bot. 31(2): 190 (2013)
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
species :
Juncus filicaulis Buchenau ex Maiden & Betche; Proc. L. Soc. N. S. Wales, 28: 912 (1904)
Distribution: Australia (New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania); New Zealand [I]
50 AUS 51 nzl
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus pauciflorus var. cheesemanii Buchenau, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 12: 239 (1890)
= Juncus polyanthemus var. cheesemanii (Buchenau) Buchenau, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 21: 262 (1895)
species :
Juncus filiformis L.; Sp. Pl. 1: 326 (1753)
Name: Faden-Binse (DE), Thread rush (EN)
Distribution: Austria; Belgium; Luxembourg; England; Bulgaria; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Denmark; Finland; France; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Netherlands; Andorra; N-Spain; Iceland; Italy; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Serbia & Kosovo; ?Montenegro; ?Macedonia; Slovenia; Croatia; Norway; Poland; Romania; Greece; N-European Russia; W-European Russia; C-European Russia; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; Ukraine; Sicily; Sweden; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Russian Far East (incl. Kamchatka, Kuril Isl., Primorye, Sakhalin); Kazakhstan; Turkey (NE-Anatolia); Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu); China (Heilongjiang, Liaoning, Jilin, Xinjiang); Mongolia; South Georgia Isl. [I]; Chile [I]; Alaska; USA (Colorado, Idaho, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Mexico, New York, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Utah, Vermont, Washington State, Wisconsin, West Virginia, Wyoming); Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Labrador, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Northern Territories, Nunavut, Ontario, Prince Edward Isl., Québec, Saskatchewan, Yukon); Greenland; St. Pierre et Miquelon
10 DEN FIN GRB ICE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 ADO FRA SPA 13 BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA ROM SIC SLV SRB 14 BLR EST LAT LIT RUS UKR 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 TUR 36 CHI 37 MON 38 JAP 70 ASK CDN GNL 71 CDN 72 CDN SPM 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 85 cle 91 sge
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus balticus f. pusillus (Fr.) Neuman, Sver. Fl.: 655 (1901)
= Juncus filiformis f. flaccidus Borza & Nyár., Bul. Grad. Bot. Univ. Cluj 19: 32 (1939)
= Juncus filiformis f. prostratus Freiberg, Bemerk. Cyper. Junc. Exs.: 10 (1911)
= Juncus filiformis lusus prolifer Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 441 (1904)
= Juncus filiformis transsilvanicus (Schur) Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 441 (1904)
= Juncus filiformis var. aphyllus E.Mey., Syn. Junc.: 17 (1822), nom. inval.
= Juncus filiformis var. flaccidus Zapal., 96 (1906)
= Juncus filiformis var. foliatus E.Mey., Syn. Junc.: 17 (1822), nom. superfl.
= Juncus filiformis var. foliatus W.D.J.Koch, 728 (1837)
= Juncus filiformis var. kulczynskii Racib., Spraw. Komis. Fizjogr. 22(2): 11 (1888)
= Juncus filiformis var. pluriflorus Krylov, Fl. Alt. 6: 1411 (1912)
= Juncus filiformis var. pusillus Fr., Novit. Fl. Svec.: 31 (1814)
= Juncus filiformis var. transsilvanicus (Schur) Buchenau, Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 36: 127 (1906)
= Juncus transsilvanicus Schur, Verh. Mitth. Siebenbürg. Vereins Naturwiss. Hermannstadt 2: 169 (1852), nom. inval.
species :
Juncus filipendulus Buckley; Proc. Acad. Sc. Philad. 1862 (1863) 8
Name: Ringseed rush
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Oklahoma, Tennessee, Texas)
74 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus buckleyi Engelm., Trans. Acad. Sc. St. Louis, 2: (1868) 459
= Juncus leptocaulis Torr. & A.Gray ex Engelm., Trans. Acad. Sc. St. Louis, 2: (1866) 454
species :
Juncus fimbristyloides Noltie; Edinburgh J. Bot., 55(1): 39 (1998)
Distribution: China (Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Juncus firmus L.A.S.Johnson; Telopea, 5(2): 311 (1993)
Distribution: Australia (New South Wales, Queensland)
50 AUS
species :
Juncus flavidus L.A.S.Johnson; J. M. Black, Fl. S. Austr., ed. 3, 1: 325 (1978)
Distribution: Australia (South Australia, Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, Western Australia); Kermadec Isl. [I]; New Zealand [I]
50 AUS 51 ker nzl
species :
Juncus fockei Buchenau; Bot. Jahrb. 2: (1890) 358
Distribution: Australia (New South Wales, Queensland, Tasmania, Victoria); New Zealand [I]
50 AUS 51 nzl
species :
Juncus foliosus Desf.; Fl. Atl. 1: 315 (1798)
Distribution: Denmark; England; Channel Isl.; Ireland; Norway; Corsica; Portugal; Sardinia; Spain; Italy; Sicily; Greece; Germany [I]; Algeria; Morocco; Tunisia; Libya; Madeira [I] (Madeira Isl. [I], Porto Santo Isl. [I])
10 DEN GRB IRE NOR 11 ger 12 CIS COR POR SAR SPA 13 GRC ITA SIC 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN 21 mdr
Remarks: bufonius agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus bufonius ssp. foliosus (Desf.) K.Richt., 176 (1890), isonym
= Juncus bufonius ssp. foliosus (Desf.) Arcang., Comp. Fl. Ital.: 718 (1882)
= Juncus bufonius ssp. rhiphaenus (Pau & Font Quer) Ibn Tattou, Bocconea, 8: 206 (1998)
= Juncus bufonius var. flaccidus Maire, Fl. Afr. Nord 4: 264 (1957), nom. inval.
= Juncus bufonius var. foliosus (Desf.) Buchenau, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 7: 157 (1885), nom. superfl.
= Juncus bufonius var. jadarensis Bryhn, Nyt Mag. Naturvidensk. 22: 282 (1876)
= Juncus bufonius var. major Boiss., Voy. Bot. Espagne 2: 624 (1841)
= Juncus bufonius var. rhiphaenus (Pau & Font Quer) Maire & Weiller, Fl. Afr. Nord 4: 264 (1957)
= Juncus rhiphaenus Pau & Font Quer, Cavanillesia, 3: 77 (1930), nomen, et ex Font Quer, Iter Marocc., No. 64 [1929] (1930)
= Juncus rifeus Pau & Font Quer ex Sennen & Mauricio, Cat. Fl. Rif Or. 122, nomen. (1933)
= Juncus tenageia var. rhiphaenus (Pau & Font Quer) Maire, Cavanillesia 4: 97 (1931)
species :
Juncus fominii Zoz; Sympos. Mem. Fomin (Acad. Sc. Ukraine) 51 (1938)
Distribution: Crimea; Ukraine; Northern Caucasus
14 KRY UKR 33 NCS
species :
Juncus fontanesii Gay; Laharpe, Mém. Soc. Hist. Nat. Paris 3: 130 (1827)
subspecies :
subsp. fontanesii
Distribution: Baleares (Mallorca, Menorca, Ibiza); France; Portugal; Sardinia; Spain; Albania; Greece; Italy; San Marino; Sicily; European Turkey; Montenegro; ?Bosnia & Hercegovina; ?Macedonia; Croatia; Algeria; Morocco; Tunisia; Libya; Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Egypt (Desert Oases, Great Southwestern Desert, Nile Delta, NW-coastal Egypt); Iran (NE-Iran: Mts., W-Iran); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Saudi Arabia (Asir); Syria (coastal W-Syria, C-Syrian Desert, Jazira, NW-Syria, Jbel Druze); Yemen (W-Yemen); Pakistan (Baluchistan); Australia [I] (Victoria [I]); Northern Caucasus
12 BAL FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB CRO GRC ITA MNT SIC SMA TUE 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 33 NCS 34 CYP IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR 35 SAU YEM 40 PAK 50 aus
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus articulatus ssp. fontanesii (J.Gay) Bonnier & Layens, 321 (1894)
= Juncus duvalii Loret, Loret & Barratte, Fl. Monsp. 685, 848 (1875)
= Juncus fontanesii var. distortus Lojac.1909, Fl.Sicul.3: 159 (1909)
= Juncus hochstetteri Steud., Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 299 (1855)
= Juncus lagenarius J.Gay ex Laharpe, Mem. Soc. Hist. Nat. Par. 3: (1827) 130
= Juncus pisuergae P.Monts., Anales Inst. Bot. Cavanilles 10(2): 458 (1952)
= Juncus repens Req., Guer. Desc. Vaucl. ed. 11. 253 (1813)
= Juncus stellatus Willd. ex Kunth, Enum. Pl. 3: 329 (1841)
= Juncus striatus ssp. lagenarius (J.Gay ex Laharpe) Arcang., Comp. Fl. Ital.: 716 (1882)
= Juncus striatus var. diffusus Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 1: 184 (1861)
= Juncus striatus var. lagenarius (J.Gay ex Laharpe) Parl., Fl. Ital. 2: 344 (1852)
= Juncus striatus var. pauciflorus Tineo ex Parl., Fl. Ital. 2: 344 (1852)
= Juncus webbianus V.I.Krecz., Izv. Bot. Sada Akad. Nauk S. S. S. R. 30: 98 (1932)
subspecies :
subsp. brachyanthus Trab.; J. A. Batt. & al., Fl. Algérie, Monocot.: 86 (1895)
Distribution: Algeria; Morocco
20 ALG MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus brachyanthus (Trab.) T.Durand & B.D.Jacks., Index Kew., Suppl. 1: 230 (1906), nom. inval.
= Juncus fontanesii var. melanocephalus Trab., M. L. Emb., Pl. Marocc. Nov. 1: n. v. (1923)
subspecies :
subsp. kotschyi (Boiss.) Snogerup; Fl. Iran., 75: 25 (1971)
Distribution: Turkmenistan; Iraq; Iran; Afghanistan (Badghys, Herat, Paktia / Khost); ?Pakistan
32 TKM 34 AFG IRN IRQ
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus amanus V.I.Krecz., Bull. Jard. Bot. Acad. Sc. URSS, 30: 99 [1931] (1932)
= Juncus fontanesii var. kotschyi (Boiss) Buchenau, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 12: 329 (1890)
= Juncus kotschyi Boiss., Diagn. Ser. I. 7: 102 (1846)
= Juncus kotschyi var. amanus (V.I.Krecz.) Novikov, Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast., 15: 90 (1979)
= Juncus pyramidatus var. kotschyi (Boiss) Boiss., Fl. Orient. 5: 360 (1882)
subspecies :
subsp. pyramidatus (Laharpe) Snogerup; Rech. fil., Fl. Iran. 75: 25 (1971)
Distribution: Italy; Sicily; Greece; Egypt; Libya; Tunisia; Cyprus; Iraq; Lebanon; Syria; Palestine; Sinai peninsula; Turkey; Saudi Arabia; Yemen
13 GRC ITA SIC 20 EGY LBY TUN 34 CYP IRQ LEB PAL SIN SYR TUR 35 SAU YEM
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus camptotropus V.I.Krecz., Izv. Bot. Sada Akad. Nauk S. S. S. R. 30: 98 (1932)
= Juncus fontanesii var. pyramidatus (Laharpe) Buchenau, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 1: 140 (1880)
= Juncus pyramidatus Laharpe, Mem. Soc. Hist. Nat. Par. 3: (1827) 128
species :
Juncus fugongensis S.Y.Bao; Fl. Yunnanica 15: 804 (2003)
Distribution: China (Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Juncus ganeshii Miyam. & H.Ohba; J. Jap. Bot., 70(5): 245 (1995)
Distribution: Nepal
40 NEP
species :
Juncus georgianus Coville ex Small; Bull. Torr. Bot. Club, 22: (1895) 44
Name: Georgia rush
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina)
78 USA
species :
Juncus gerardi Loisel.; Desv., Jour. Bot. Rédigé 2: 284 (1809)
subspecies :
subsp. gerardi
Name: Saltmeadow rush (EN), Salz-Binse (DE)
Distribution: Albania; Austria; Belgium; England; Channel Isl.; Bulgaria; Corsica; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Denmark; Finland; France; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, +Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, +Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, +Saarland, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Greece; Ireland; Netherlands; Spain; Hungary; Italy; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Serbia & Kosovo; Montenegro; Macedonia; Slovenia; Croatia; Portugal; Norway; Poland; Romania; N-European Russia; W-European Russia; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; Ukraine; Crimea; ?Sardinia; Sicily; Sweden; Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia [Caucasus]; Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Russian Far East; Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Turkmenistan; Tajikistan; Uzbekistan; Mongolia; Algeria; Morocco; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); East Aegaean Isl.; European Turkey; Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, NW-Iran: Iranian Azerbaijan, W-Iran); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert); ?Pakistan (?Baluchistan); Australia [I] (Victoria [I]); New Zealand [I]; USA (Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, North Dakota, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Utah, Virginia, Vermont, Washington State, Wisconsin, Wyoming); Canada (British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Isl., Québec); Greenland; St. Pierre et Miquelon
10 DEN FIN GRB IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN NET POL SLO 12 CIS COR FRA POR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SRB TUE 14 BLR EST KRY LAT LIT RUS UKR 20 ALG MOR 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 EAI IRN IRQ LEB SYR TUR 37 MON 50 aus 51 nzl 70 GNL 71 CDN 72 CDN SPM 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 78 USA
Remarks: compressus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus attenuatus Viv., Fl. Cors. Sp. Nov. 5 (1824)
= Juncus bulbosus ssp. coenosus (Bicheno) Uechtr., 91 (1832)
= Juncus bulbosus ssp. gerardi (Loisel.) Syme, 37 (1870)
= Juncus bulbosus var. gerardi (Loisel.) A.Gray, Manual, ed. 2: 483 (1856)
= Juncus bulbosus var. lychnocarpus Wallr., Sched. Crit. 1: 146 (1822)
= Juncus bulbosus var. phaeocarpus Wallr., Sched. Crit. 1: 146 (1822)
= Juncus bulbosus var. salinus Schur, Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 687 (1866)
= Juncus coenosus Bicheno, Trans. L. Soc. 12: (1819) 309
= Juncus compressus ssp. elatior (Lange) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 749 (1882)
= Juncus compressus ssp. gerardi (Loisel.) Hartm., Sv. Norsk. Exc.-Fl.: 48 (1846)
= Juncus compressus var. ellipsoideus Neilr., Fl. Nied.-Österr. 1: 149 (1859)
= Juncus compressus var. gerardi (Loisel.) T.Marsson, 458 (1869)
= Juncus consanguineus Ziz, Koch & Ziz, Cat. 8, 19 (1814)
= Juncus elatior Lange, Kjoeb. Vidensk. Meddel. (1860) 67
= Juncus floridanus Raf., Autik. Bot.: 194 (1840)
= Juncus fucensis H.St.John, Rep. Prov. Mus. Nat. Hist. 1927: 14 (1927)
= Juncus gerardi [unranked] chaucorum Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 432 (1904)
= Juncus gerardi f. chaucorum (Asch. & Graebn.) Seeland, 106 (1940)
= Juncus gerardi maximus Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 432 (1904)
= Juncus gerardi pallidus Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 432 (1904)
= Juncus gerardi ssp. montanus Snogerup, Bot. Not. 131: 185 (1978)
= Juncus gerardi var. congestus Döll, 177 (1843)
= Juncus gerardi var. cristoflei Litard. & Maire, M. L. Emb., Pl. Marocc. Nov.: 172 (1930)
= Juncus gerardi var. maximus Asch. & Graebn., 432 (1904)
= Juncus gerardi var. pygmaeus Jaap, 29 (1902)
= Juncus gerardi var. sparsiflorus H.Mort. ex Lange, Bot. Tidsskr. 3: 79 (1869)
= Juncus gerardi var. ubsunuricus Novikov, Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 24: 64 (1987)
= Juncus gramineus var. coenosus (Bicheno) Dumort., Fl. Belg.: 142 (1827), nom. inval.
= Juncus lesbiacus Candargy, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 44: 180 (1897)
= Juncus nitidiflorus Dufour, Ann. Sc. Nat. Ser. I. 5: (1825) 86
= Tenageia gerardi (Loisel.) Fourr., Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, n. s., 17: 172 (1869)
variant :
var. pedicellatus Fernald; Rhodora 22: 76 (1920)
Distribution: USA (Maine, Rhode Island)
75 USA
subspecies :
subsp. atrofuscus (Rupr.) Printz; Veg. Siber. -Mong. Front. 177 (1921)
Distribution: Finland; Norway; N-European Russia; Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia)
10 FIN NOR 14 RUS 30 SIB
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus atrofuscus Rupr., Beitr. Pfl. Russl. 2: 59 (1845)
= Juncus bottnicus Wahlenb., Fl. Lapp.: 32 (1812)
= Juncus bulbosus var. atrofuscus (Rupr.) Regel, Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 41(4): 172 (1868)
= Juncus gerardi var. atrofuscus (Rupr.) Trautv., Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 40(2): 110 (1867)
species :
Juncus giganteus Sam.; Acta Horti Gothob. 3(3): 70 (1927)
Distribution: China (Sichuan, Gansu); Tibet
36 CHI TIB
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus exploratorum E.Walker, Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 28: 600 (1941)
= Juncus tibeticus T.V.Egorova, Rast. Tsentral. Azii 3: 96 (1967)
species :
Juncus glaucoturgidus Noltie; Edinburgh J. Bot., 51(2): 132 (1994)
Distribution: N-India (Sikkim); Bhutan; Nepal
40 BHU IND NEP
species :
Juncus gonggae Miyam. & H.Ohba; J. Jap. Bot., 72(3): 162 (1997)
Distribution: China (Sichuan)
36 CHI
species :
Juncus gracillimus (Buchenau) V.I.Krecz. & Gontsch.; Fl. URSS 3: 528, 627, pl. 28: 2 (1935)
Distribution: China (Gansu, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Qinghai, Shandong, Shanxi); Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu); Russian Far East (Ussuri, Sakhalin); North Korea; South Korea; Mongolia; Siberia; ?Europe
30 SIB 31 RFE 36 CHI 37 MON 38 JAP KOR NKO
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus compressus ssp. gracillimus (Buchenau) Vorosch., Byull. Mosk. Obshch. Ispyt. Prir., Biol., 95(2): 91 (1990)
= Juncus compressus var. gracillimus Buchenau, Pflanzenr. 35(IV. 36): 112 (1906)
species :
Juncus greenei Oakes & Tuck.; Am. Journ. Sc. Ser. I. 45: (1843) 37
Name: Greene´s rush
Distribution: USA (Connecticut, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Massachusetts, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Wisconsin); Canada (New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Isl., Québec)
72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA
species :
Juncus gregiflorus L.A.S.Johnson; Contrib. N. S. Wales Nat. Herb. 3: 243 (1963)
Distribution: Australia (New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania); New Zealand (incl. Stewart Isl.); Kermadec Isl.
50 AUS 51 KER NZL
species :
Juncus grisebachii Buchenau; Abh. Naturwiss. Vereine Bremen 3: 295 (1872)
Distribution: Tibet; Bhutan; Nepal; N-India (Sikkim, Darjeeling, Chumbi, Kumaon, etc.); Myanmar
36 TIB 40 BHU IND NEP 41 MYA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus phaeocarpus A.M.Lu & Zhi Y.Zhang, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 17(3): 126-127, t. 2, f. 1-5 (1979)
species :
Juncus guadeloupensis Buchenau & Urb.; Urb. Symb. Antill. 1: 496 (1900)
Distribution: Guadeloupe
81 GDL
species :
Juncus gubanovii Novikov; Byull. Mosk. Obshch. Ispyt. Prir., Biol., 80(3): 130 (1975)
Distribution: Kazakhstan
32 KAZ
species :
Juncus gymnocarpus Coville; Mem. Torr. Bot. Club, 5: (1894) 106
Name: Pennsylvania rush
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia)
75 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus smithii Engelm., Trans. Acad. Sc. St. Louis, 2: (1866) 444
species :
Juncus haenkei E.Mey.; Syn. Junc. 10 (1822)
Name: Haenke´s rush
Distribution: Alaska; Aleutes; Japan (Hokkaido); Russian Far East (Kuril Isl., Sakhalin, Kamchatka, Primorye); North Korea; South Korea; Siberia (E-Siberia); ?NE-China
30 SIB 31 RFE 38 JAP KOR NKO 70 ASK
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus arcticus ssp. sitchensis Engelm., Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 2: 445 (1866), nom. inval.
= Juncus arcticus var. sitchensis Engelm., Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 2: 491 (1968)
= Juncus balticus var. haenkei (E.Mey.) Buchenau, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 12: 215 (1890)
= Juncus balticus ssp. sitchensis (Engelm.) Hultén, Acta Univ. Lund. n. s. 39: 420 (1943)
= Juncus compressus var. haenkei (E.Mey.) Laharpe, Essai Monogr. Jonc.: 26 (1825)
species :
Juncus hallii Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sc. St. Louis, 2: (1866) 446
Name: Hall´s rush
Distribution: USA (Colorado, Idaho, Montana, New Mexico, Utah, Washington State, Wyoming)
73 USA 76 USA 77 USA
species :
Juncus heldreichianus T.Marsson ex Parl.; Fl. Ital. 2: 315 (1857)
subspecies :
subsp. heldreichianus
Name: Heldreichs Binse (DE); Heldreich´s Rush (EN)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, N-Cyprus); East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); European Turkey; Iran (N-Iran, NW-Iran: Iranian Azerbaijan); Crete; Greece; Albania
13 ALB GRC KRI TUE 34 CYP EAI IRN TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus acutus var. heldreichianus (T.Marsson ex Buchenau) Rouy, Fl. France 13: 230 (1912)
= Juncus acutus var. heldreichianus (T.Marsson ex Parl.) Halácsy, Consp. Fl. Graec. 3: 280 (1904)
= Juncus phalereus Gand., Contr. Fl. Terr. Slav. Merid. 1: 29 (1883)
subspecies :
subsp. orientalis Snogerup; Fl. Iran., 75: 7 (1971)
Distribution: Turkmenistan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Azerbaijan; Armenia; Georgia [Caucasus]; Iran; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
32 TKM TZK 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus heldreichianus var. orientalis (Snogerup) Novikov, Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast., 15: 88 (1979)
= Juncus orientalis (Snogerup) Filim., Opred. Rast. Sred. Azii, 5: 110 (1976)
species :
Juncus hemiendytus F.J.Herm.; Leafl. West. Bot. 5: 118 (1948)
Name: Herman´s dwarf rush
Distribution: USA (California, Idaho, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, Washington State)
73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus triformis var. uniflorus Engelm., Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 2: 493 (1868)
= Juncus brachystylus var. uniflorus (Engelm.) M.Peck, Man. Pl. Oregon: 183 (1941)
variant :
var. abjectus (F.J.Herm.) Ertter; Mem. New York Bot. Gard., 39: 76 (1986)
Distribution: USA (California, Idaho, Nevada, Oregon)
73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus abjectus F.J.Herm., Leafl. West. Bot. 5: 120 (1948)
species :
Juncus heptopotamicus V.I.Krecz. & Gontsch.; Fl. URSS 3: 628 (1935)
Distribution: China (Qinghai, Xinjiang); Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Kazakhstan; Tajikistan
32 KAZ KGZ TZK UZB 36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus bulbosus var. nigricans Regel, Bjull. Moskovsk. Obsc. Isp. Prir., Otd. Biol. 4: 272 (1868)
= Juncus epimetrocarpus Gontsch., V. L. Kom. (ed.), Fl. URSS 3: 504 (1935)
= Juncus heptopotamicus var. yiningensis K.F.Wu, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 32(5): 447, f. 1, 6-9 (1994)
species :
Juncus hesperius (Piper) Lint; Preslia 74: 263 (2002)
Name: Lamp rush
Distribution: USA (Arizona, California, Oregon, Washington State)
73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus effusus var. bruneus Engelm., Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 2: 491 (1868)
= Juncus effusus ssp. hesperius Piper, Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 11: 180 (1906)
species :
Juncus heterophyllus Dufour; Ann. Sci. Nat. 5: 88 (1825)
Distribution: Corsica; France; Spain; Italy; Portugal; Sardinia; Sicily; Algeria; Morocco; Tunisia
12 COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ITA SIC 20 ALG MOR TUN
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus atlanticus Laharpe, Mem. Soc. Hist. Nat. Par. 3: (1827) 128
= Juncus lampocarpus var. heterophyllus (Dufour) Duby, Bot. Gall. 1: 477 (1828)
species :
Juncus himalensis Klotzsch; Bot. Reise Pr. Waldemar 60, f. 97 (1862)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Badakshan, Wakhan, Kunar / Nuristan, Laghman Parwan); Pakistan (Swat, Gilgit, Deosai, Astor, Baltistan, Azad Kashmir); N-India (Zanskar, Kashmir, Sikkim, Chumbi); Bhutan; Nepal; China (Gansu, Qinghai, Sichuan, Yunnan); Tibet; Tajikistan
32 TZK 34 AFG 36 CHI TIB 40 BHU IND NEP PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus himalensis var. genuinus Buchenau, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 12(3-4): 405-406 (1890)
= Juncus himalensis var. schlagintweitii (Buchenau) Buchenau, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 12(3-4): 406 (1890)
= Juncus schlagintweitii Buchenau, Geogr. Verbr. Pfl. Westind. 255 (1869)
= Juncus sphacelatus var. himalensis (Klotzsch) Jafri, Fl. Pakistan, 138: 12 (1981)
species :
Juncus holoschoenus R.Br.; Prod. 259 (1810)
Distribution: Australia (South Australia, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania); New Zealand; Chatham Isl. [I]
50 AUS 51 ctm NZL
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus holoschoenus var. multiflorus Carse, Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 60: 305 (1929)
species :
Juncus homalocaulis F.Muell.; First Gen. Report, 19; et in Benth. Fl. Austr. 7: 128 (1878)
Distribution: Australia (South Australia, Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria); New Zealand [I]
50 AUS 51 nzl
species :
Juncus hondurensis Procków; Phytotaxa 439(1): 95 (2020)
Distribution: Honduras
80 HON
species :
Juncus howellii F.J.Herm.; Leafl. West. Bot. 5: 182 (1949)
Name: Howell´s rush
Distribution: USA (California, Idaho, Oregon, Washington State)
73 USA 76 USA
species :
Juncus hybridus Brot.; Fl. Lusit. 1: 513 (1804)
Name: Bastard-Binse (DE); Hybrid Rush (EN)
Distribution: England [I]; Baleares; Corsica; France; Channel Isl.; Portugal; Sardinia; Spain; Albania; Greece; Italy; Crete; Sicily; European Turkey; Slovakia; Croatia; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt; Morocco; Azores; N-Somalia; Madeira [I] (Madeira Isl. [I]); Azores [I] (Terceira [I]); South Africa [I]; Turkmenistan; Kyrgyzstan; Mongolia; Turkey (N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia); East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Afghanistan (Farah); Cyprus (S-Cyprus); Australia [I] (New South Wales [I], South Australia [I], Western Australia [I]); New Zealand [I]
10 grb 11 SLO 12 BAL CIS COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB CRO GRC ITA KRI SIC TUE 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 21 AZO mdr 24 SOM 27 saf 32 KGZ TKM 34 AFG CYP EAI TUR 37 MON 50 aus 51 nzl
Remarks: bufonius agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus ambiguus Guss., Fl. Sic. Prodr. 1: 435 (1827)
= Juncus bufonius mutabilis (Neuman) Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 422 (1904)
= Juncus bufonius ssp. ambiguus (Guss.) Schinz & Thell., Fl. Schweiz 1: 126 (1923)
= Juncus bufonius ssp. fasciculatus (Bertol.) K.Richt., Pl. Eur. 1: 176 (1890), nom. illeg.
= Juncus bufonius ssp. hybridus (Brot.) Arcang., Comp. Fl. Ital.: 718 (1882)
= Juncus bufonius ssp. insulanus (Viv.) Briq. ex Jahand. & Maire, Cat. Pl. Maroc: 114 (1931)
= Juncus bufonius ssp. mutabilis (Neuman) H.Lindb., Acta Soc. Sci. Fenn., Ser. B, Opera Biol. 1(2): 31 (1932)
= Juncus bufonius var. ambiguus (Guss.) Husn., Joncées: 18 (1908)
= Juncus bufonius var. ambiguus (Guss.) P.Fourn., Quatre Fl. France 151 (1935), isonym
= Juncus bufonius var. congestus (Schousb.) Döll, 336 (1856)
= Juncus bufonius var. fasciculatus (Bertol.) Tourlet, 520 (1908)
= Juncus bufonius var. fasciculatus Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur. 749 (1882)
= Juncus bufonius var. fasciculatus W.D.J.Koch, Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv. 732 (1837)
= Juncus bufonius var. fasciculiflorus Boiss., Voy. Bot. Espagne 2: 624 (1841)
= Juncus bufonius var. hybridus (Brot.) Asch., Fl. Brandenburg 1: 735 (1864), nom. illeg.
= Juncus bufonius var. hybridus (Brot.) Husn., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 55: 50 (1908)
= Juncus bufonius var. kochii Buchenau, Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 36: 106 (1906)
= Juncus congestus Schousb., E. Mey., 40 (1822), nom. inval.
= Juncus fasciculatus Bertol., Fl. Ital. 4: 190 (1839), nom. superfl.
= Juncus insulanus Viv., Fl. Cors. Sp. Nov. 5 (1824)
= Juncus mutabilis Savi, Fl. Pis. 1: 364 (1798), nom. illeg.
= Juncus mutabilis ssp. ambiguus (Guss.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 749 (1882)
species :
Juncus hydrophilus Noltie; Edinburgh J. Bot., 51(2): 138 (1994)
Distribution: N-India (Sikkim); Bhutan; Nepal
40 BHU IND NEP
species :
Juncus hylanderi (Hämet-Ahti) Tzvelev & Glazkova; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 38: 262 (2006)
Distribution: Finland; European Russia
10 FIN 14 RUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus articulatus var. hylanderi Hämet-Ahti, Acta Bot. Fenn. 72: 4 (1966)
species :
Juncus imbricatus Laharpe; Mém. Soc. Hist. Nat. Paris 3: 149 (1827)
Distribution: Argentina (Buenos Aires, Catamarca, Cordoba, Corrientes, Entre Rios, Jujuy, La Pampa, Mendoza, Misiones, Salta, Santa Fe, San Luis, Tucuman); S-Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul); Chile (Coquimbo, Valparaiso, O´Higgins, Maule, Bio Bio, Araucania, Los Lagos, Reg. Metropolitana); Juan Fdz. Isl.; Uruguay (Artigas, Canelones, Cerro Largo, Colonia, Florida Prov., Montevideo, Paysandu, Rio Negro, Soriano); Peru; Colombia (Boyacá, Cundinamarca, Valle); Ecuador; Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, La Paz, Tarija); Mexico (Durango, Hidalgo, Mexico State, Oaxaca, Tlaxcala, Veracruz); South Africa [I] (W-Cape Prov. [I]); Portugal [I]; Spain [I]; Australia [I] (New South Wales [I], Victoria [I]); New Zealand [I]
12 por spa 27 saf 50 aus 51 nzl 79 MEX 82 CLM 83 BOL ECU PER 84 BRA 85 ARG CLE JNF URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus capillaceus var. chilensis Buchenau, Junc. S. Amer.: 377 (1879)
= Juncus chamissonis f. pusillus Buchenau, C. E. Kuntze, Rev. Gen. Pl. 3(2): 320 (1898)
= Juncus chamissonis Kunth, Enum. Pl. 3: 348 (1841)
= Juncus collinus Steud., Syn. Pl. Cyp. 306 (1855)
= Juncus imbricatus var. chamissonis (Kunth) Buchenau, Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 36: 122 (1906)
= Juncus imbricatus var. lechleri (Steud.) Buchenau, Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 36: 122 (1906)
= Juncus lechleri Steud., Syn. Pl. Cyp. 306 (1855)
= Juncus pringlei Fernald, Proc. Amer. Acad. 45: 416 (1910)
= Juncus spanianthus Steud., Syn. Pl. Cyp. 306 (1855)
= Juncus urvillei Steud., Syn. Pl. Cyp. 306 (1855)
species :
Juncus inflexus L.; Sp. PI.: 326 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. inflexus
Name: Blaugrüne Binse (DE); Hard Rush (EN); Junco azul (ES)
Distribution: Albania; Austria; Belgium; Luxembourg; Baleares; England; Channel Isl.; Bulgaria; Corsica; Crete; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Denmark; France; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Greece; Ireland; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Netherlands; Andorra; Spain; Hungary; Italy; San Marino; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Serbia & Kosovo; Montenegro; Macedonia; Slovenia; Croatia; Portugal; Malta; Poland; Romania; Sardinia; Sicily; Sweden; Crimea; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; E-European Russia; C-European Russia; N-European Russia; W-European Russia; Belarus; Ukraine; India (Kumaon to Assam, Jammu & Kashmir, Sikkim, Chumbi); Java [I]; Vietnam [I]; Pakistan; peninsular Malaysia; Nepal; Bhutan; Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia [Caucasus]; Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; China (Shanxi, Gansu, Qinghai, Xinjiang, Guangxi, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan, Henan, Jiangsu); Tibet; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, N-Cyprus); East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Egypt (Desert Oases); European Turkey; Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, NW-Iran: Iranian Azerbaijan, W-Iran); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Saudi Arabia (Asir); Sinai peninsula (S-Sinai); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, Jazira, NW-Syria, Jbel Druze, W-Syrian Mountains); Afghanistan; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; South Africa (Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Lesotho; Madeira (Madeira Isl., Porto Santo Isl.); Canary Isl. (Gran Canaria); Algeria; Morocco; Tunisia; Australia [I] (Victoria [I]); New Zealand [I]; USA [I] (Massachusetts [I], Michigan [I], New Jersey [I], New York [I], Pennsylvania [I], Virginia [I]); Canada [I] (Ontario [I])
10 DEN GRB IRE SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 ADO BAL CIS COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KRI MLT MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SMA SRB TUE 14 BLR EST KRY LAT LIT RUS UKR 20 ALG EGY MOR TUN 21 CNY MDR 23 ZAI 27 LES SAF 32 KAZ TKM 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SIN SYR TUR 35 SAU 36 CHI TIB 40 BHU IND NEP PAK 41 vie 42 jaw MLY 50 aus 51 nzl 72 cdn 75 usa 78 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus acutissimus (Buchenau) Adamson, Journ. L. Soc., Bot. 50: 6 (1935)
= Juncus angelisii Ten., Viag. Abruz. 61
= Juncus cyprius H.Lindb., Årsb. Soc. Sci. Fenn. 20B(7): 5 (1942)
= Juncus deangelisii Bertol., Fl. Ital. 4: 179 (1839), nom. inval.
= Juncus diaphragmarius Brot., Fl. Lusit. 1: 511 (1804)
= Juncus elatus Steud., Syn. Pl. Cyp. 295 (1855)
= Juncus equisetosus Dumort., Bull. Soc. Bot. Belg. 7: (1868) 365
= Juncus glaucescens Laharpe, Mem. Soc. Hist. Nat. Par. 3: (1827) 115
= Juncus glaucus aggregatus Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 449 (1904)
= Juncus glaucus brunneus Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 448 (1904)
= Juncus glaucus curvatus Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 448 (1904)
= Juncus glaucus Ehrh., (Beitr. Naturk. 6: 83 (1791), nom. nud.) ex Sibth., Fl. Oxon.: 113 (1794)
= Juncus glaucus Ehrh. ex Gaertn., B.Mey. & Scherb., Oekon. Fl. Wetterau 1: 495 (1799), nom. illeg.
= Juncus glaucus equisetosus (Dumort.) Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 448 (1904)
= Juncus glaucus f. aggregatus (Asch. & Graebn.) C.W.Christ., J. A. Christ. & al., 293 (1922)
= Juncus glaucus f. curvatus (Asch. & Graebn.) Seeland, 109 (1940)
= Juncus glaucus f. macrocarpus Zapal., Consp. Fl. Gallic. Crit. 1: 133 (1906)
= Juncus glaucus f. virescens E.Baumann ex Murr, 44 (1923)
= Juncus glaucus f. virescens Neuman, Sver. Fl.: 654 (1901)
= Juncus glaucus farctus Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 448 (1904)
= Juncus glaucus longicornis (Bastard) Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 449 (1904)
= Juncus glaucus magnagutii Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 449 (1904)
= Juncus glaucus melanocarpus (G.Mey.) Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 448 (1904)
= Juncus glaucus melanocarpus G.Mey., Chloris Han.: 564 (1836)
= Juncus glaucus microcarpus Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 448 (1904)
= Juncus glaucus oligocarpus Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 448 (1904)
= Juncus glaucus Sibth., Fl. Oxon.: 113 (1794), nom. superfl.
= Juncus glaucus ssp. angelisii (Ten.) Arcang., Comp. Fl. Ital.: 714 (1882)
= Juncus glaucus ssp. longicornis (Bastard) K.Richt.Richt., Pl. Eur. 1: 178 (1890)
= Juncus glaucus ssp. pallidus Hoppe ex Uechtr., 90 (1832)
= Juncus glaucus ssp. paniculatus (Hoppe ex Schult. & Schult.fil.) Trab., J. A. Batt. & al., Fl. Algérie, Monocot.: 81 (1895)
= Juncus glaucus strictus Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 448 (1904), nom. illeg.
= Juncus glaucus var. acutissimus Buchenau, Monogr. Junc. Cap: 417 (1875)
= Juncus glaucus var. brunneus Asch. & Graebn., 448 (1904)
= Juncus glaucus var. contractus Hoppe ex Mert. & W.D.J.Koch, 575 (1826)
= Juncus glaucus var. curvatus Asch. & Graebn., 448 (1904)
= Juncus glaucus var. effusus Boenn., 101 (1824), nom. inval.
= Juncus glaucus var. fasciculatus Buchenau, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 12: 244 (1890)
= Juncus glaucus var. inflexus (L.) Spenn., Fl. Friburg. 1: 180 (1825), nom. inval.
= Juncus glaucus var. laxiflorus Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 1: 182 (1861)
= Juncus glaucus var. leptocarpus (Buchenau) Buchenau, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 6: 20 (1885)
= Juncus glaucus var. longicornis (Bastard) Grognot, Mém.Hist.Nat.Soc.Eduenne 1: 198 (1865)
= Juncus glaucus var. macrocarpus Zapal., 98 (1906)
= Juncus glaucus var. major Tourlet, 516 (1908)
= Juncus glaucus var. pallidus Sond., Fl. Hamburg.: 192 (1851), nom. illeg.
= Juncus glaucus var. paniculatus (Hoppe ex Schult. & Schult.fil.) Bosch, Tijdschr. Natuurl. Gesch. Physiol. 8: 46 (1841)
= Juncus glaucus var. prolifer Sond., Fl. Hamburg.: 192 (1851), nom. superfl.
= Juncus glaucus var. strictus Spenn., Fl. Friburg. 1: 180 (1825)
= Juncus glaucus var. subglomeratus Boenn., 101 (1824), nom. inval.
= Juncus glaucus var. subglomeratus G.Mey., Fl. Hanov. Excurs.: 584 (1849)
= Juncus glaucus var. tenerrimus Schur, 69 (1851), nom. inval.
= Juncus glaucus var. viviparus Bogenh., 368 (1850)
= Juncus glaucus var. vulgaris Tourlet, 516 (1908), nom. inval.
= Juncus inflexus f. aggregatus (Asch. & Graebn.) I.Grint., Fl. Reipubl. Popul. Roman. 11: 555 (1966)
= Juncus inflexus f. equisetosus (Dumort.)Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung., 16(3-4): 366 [1970] (1971)
= Juncus inflexus f. melanocarpus (G.Mey.) I.Grint., Fl. Republ. Social. Român. 11: 555 (1966)
= Juncus inflexus f. pallidus (Sond.) I.Grint., Fl. Reipubl. Popul. Roman. 11: 55 (1966)
= Juncus inflexus f. strictus (Asch. & Graebn.) Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung., 16(3-4): 366 [1970] (1971)
= Juncus inflexus race longicornis (Bastard) Rouy, G. Rouy & J. Foucaud, Fl. France 13: 226 (1912)
= Juncus inflexus ssp. austro-occidentalis K.F.Wu, Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 13(3): 158 (1997)
= Juncus inflexus subvar. laxiflorus (Lange) Rouy, G. Rouy & J. Foucaud, Fl. France 13: 226 (1912)
= Juncus inflexus var. longicornis (Bastard) Briq., Prodr. Fl. Corse 1: 256 (1910)
= Juncus inflexus var. longicornis (Bastard) Täckholm, Publ. Cairo Univ. Herb., 5: 62 [1972] (1974)
= Juncus inflexus var. oligocarpus (Asch. & Graebn.) I.Grint., Fl. Reipubl. Popul. Roman. 11: 555 (1966)
= Juncus inflexus var. proliferus Cout., Bol. Soc. Brot. 8: 91 (1890), nom. illeg.
= Juncus inflexus var. trimenii Cout., Bol. Soc. Brot. 8: 91 (1890)
= Juncus leptocarpus Buchenau, Goett. Nachr. (1869) 244
= Juncus longicornis Bastard, Desv. Journ. Bot. 3: (1814) 21
= Juncus luetkei Buchenau, Goett. Nachr. (1869) 243
= Juncus pallidus Hoppe, Syn. Junc.: 14 (1822), nom. inval.
= Juncus paniculatus Hoppe ex Schult. & Schult.fil., Syst. Veg. 7(1): 183 (1829)
= Juncus reflexus Wender., 147 (1823), nom. inval.
= Juncus tenax Banks & Sol. ex Sm., A. Russell, Nat. Hist. Aleppo, ed. 2, 2: 251 (1794), nom. illeg.
= Juncus tenax Poir., Lam., Encycl., Suppl. 3: 156 (1813), nom. superfl.
= Juncus tenax var. glaucus (Sibth.) Poir., Lam., Encycl., Suppl. 3: 156 (1813), nom. inval.
= Juncus warakensis Nábelek, Spisy Prír. Fak. Masarykovy Univ. 105: 42 (1929)
subspecies :
subsp. brachytepalus (V.I.Krecz. & Gontsch.) Novikov; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast., 15: 86 (1979)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Turkmenistan; Tajikistan; Uzbekistan; Afghanistan (Badakshan, Badghys, Baghlan, Balkh, Bamyan, Faryab, Ghazni, Helmand, Herat, Kabul, Kunar / Nuristan, Laghman, Wardak, Paktia / Khost, Parwan); Iran; China
32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 34 AFG IRN 36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus brachytepalus V.I.Krecz. & Gontsch., Kom., Fl. URSS, 3: 547, 630 (1935)
= Juncus inflexus var. brachytepalus (V.I.Krecz. & Gontsch.) Kitam.
species :
Juncus ingens N.A.Wakef.; Vict. Nat. 73: 211 (1957)
Distribution: Australia (New South Wales, Victoria)
50 AUS
species :
Juncus interior Wiegand; Britton, Man. Fl. N. U. S. 1045 (1900)
Name: Inland rush
Distribution: USA (Arkansas, Arizona, Colorado, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, Montana, North Carolina, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Mexico, Ohio, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming); Canada (British Columbia, Manitoba, Ontario, Saskatchewan); Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila, Sonora)
71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus interior var. billingtonii Farw., Rep. (Annual) Michigan Acad. Sci. 20: 169 (1918)
= Juncus interior var. uniflorus Farw., Rep. (Annual) Michigan Acad. Sci. 20: 169 (1918)
= Juncus monostichus Bartlett, Rhodora 7: 50 (1905)
variant :
var. arizonicus (Wiegand) F.J.Herm.; J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 30: 217 (1940)
Name: Arizona rush
Distribution: USA (Arizona)
76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus arizonicus var. curtiflorus Wiegand, Bull. Torr. Bot. Club 27: 518 (1900)
= Juncus arizonicus Wiegand, Bull. Torr. Bot. Club, 517 (1900)
variant :
var. neomexicanus (Wiegand) F.J.Herm.; J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 30: 217 (1940)
Name: New Mexico rush
Distribution: USA (Arizona, Colorado, Kansas, New Mexico, Wyoming)
73 USA 74 USA 76 USA 77 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus neomexicanus Wiegand, Bull. Torr. Bot. Club, 447 (1903)
species :
Juncus jacquinii L.; Mantissa 63 (1767)
Name: Gämsen-Binse, Jacquin-Binse (DE)
Distribution: Austria; France; Germany (Bayern); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Italy; Slovenia
11 AUT GER LIE SWI 12 FRA 13 ITA SLV
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus atratus Lam., Encycl. 3: 271 (1789), nom. illeg.
= Juncus castaneus Clairv., Man. Herb. 104 (1833)
= Juncus jacquinii var. biceps Beck, Fl. Nieder-Österreich 1: 154 (1890)
species :
Juncus jaxarticus V.I.Krecz. & Gontsch.; Kom., Fl. URSS, 3: 532, 628 (1935)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Uzbekistan; Turkmenistan; Pakistan
32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 40 PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus compressus ssp. jaxarticus (V.I.Krecz. & Gontsch.) Jafri, Fl. Pakistan, 138: 14 (1981)
species :
Juncus jinpingensis S.Y.Bao; Fl. Yunnanica 15: 804 (2003)
Distribution: China (Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Juncus kelloggii Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sc. St. Louis, 2: (1868) 494
Name: Kellogg´s dwarf rush
Distribution: USA (California, Nevada, Oregon, Washington State); Canada (British Columbia); Mexico (Baja California Norte)
71 CDN 73 USA 76 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus brachystylus (Engelm.) Piper, Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 11: 181(1906)
= Juncus triformis var. brachystylus Engelm., Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 2: 492 (1868)
species :
Juncus khasiensis Buchenau; Bot. Jahrb. 12: (1890) 407
Distribution: N-India (Khasia, Sikkim, Assam); Bhutan; Nepal
40 BHU IND NEP
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus nematocaulon Hook.fil., Fl. Brit. India 6: 400 (1892)
species :
Juncus kingii Rendle; J. Bot. 44: 45 (1906)
Distribution: Nepal; N-India (incl. Sikkim); Bhutan; Tibet; China (Sichuan, Yunnan, Qinghai)
36 CHI TIB 40 BHU IND NEP
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus longibracteatus A.M.Lu & Zhi Y.Zhang, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 17(3): 126, t. 1, f. 5-8 (1979)
species :
Juncus kleinii Barros; Sellowia, No. 14, 27 (1962)
Distribution: S-Brazil (Santa Catarina)
84 BRA
species :
Juncus krameri Franch. & Sav.; Enum. Pl. Jap. 2: 99, 534 (1876)
Distribution: Russian Far East (Primorye, Kuril Isl.); Ryukyu Isl.; Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu); China (Jilin, Liaoning, Shandong); North Korea; South Korea
31 RFE 36 CHI 38 JAP KOR NKO NNS
species :
Juncus kraussii Hochst.; Flora, 27: (1845) 342
subspecies :
subsp. kraussii
Distribution: S-Mozambique; South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal, W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Madagascar
26 MOZ 27 SAF 29 MDG
Remarks: sometimes included in J. maritimus
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus caffer Bertol.fil., Mem. Acc. Sc. Bolog. 3: (1851) 253
= Juncus fasciculiflorus Adamson, Journ. L. Soc., Bot. 50: 8 (1935)
= Juncus kraussii var. effusus Adamson, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 50: 8 (1935)
= Juncus kraussii var. parviflorus Adamson, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 50: 8 (1935)
= Juncus spretus Schult. & Schult.fil., Syst. 7: (1830)
subspecies :
subsp. austerus (Buchenau) Snogerup; Willdenowia, 23(1-2): 63 (1993)
Distribution: Argentina; S-Brazil (Santa Catarina); Chile (Los Lagos); Uruguay (Montevideo)
84 BRA 85 ARG CLE URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus austerus Buchenau, Bremen, Abh. 6: (1879) 389. t. 3
subspecies :
subsp. australiensis (Buchenau) Snogerup; Willdenowia, 23(1-2): 61 (1993)
Distribution: Australia (Western Australia, Northern Territory, South Australia, Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania); New Zealand; Chatham Isl.
50 AUS 51 CTM NZL
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus maritimus var. australiensis Buchenau, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 12: 257 (1890)
species :
Juncus kuohii M.J.Jung; Phytotaxa 81: 49 (2013)
Distribution: Taiwan
38 TAI
species :
Juncus laccatus Zika; Preslia 74: 261 (2002)
Distribution: Alaska; USA (California, Oregon, Washington State)
70 ASK 73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus effusus var. gracilis Hook., Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 190 (1840)
species :
Juncus laeviusculus L.A.S.Johnson; Aspects Tasmanian Bot. - Tribute Winifred Curtis (ed. M. R. Banks et al.): 38 (1991)
subspecies :
subsp. laeviusculus
Distribution: Australia (New South Wales)
50 AUS
subspecies :
subsp. illawarrensis L.A.S.Johnson; Aspects Tasmanian Bot. - Tribute Winifred Curtis (ed. M. R. Banks et al.): 40 (1991)
Distribution: Australia (New South Wales)
50 AUS
species :
Juncus leiospermus F.J.Herm.; Leafl. West. Bot. 5: 113 (1948)
Name: Red Bluff dwarf rush
Distribution: USA (California)
76 USA
variant :
var. ahartii Ertter; Mem. New York Bot. Gard., 39: 49 (1986)
Name: Ahart´s dwarf rush
Distribution: USA (California)
76 USA
species :
Juncus leptospermus Buchenau; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 6: 203-204 (1885)
Distribution: China (Heilongjiang, Shaanxi, Guangxi, Guizhou, Yunnan, Guangdong); NE-India (incl. Assam); Bhutan; Nepal
36 CHI 40 BHU IND NEP
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus mairei Lév., Fedde, Repert. 11: 493 (1913)
species :
Juncus lesueurii Bol.; Proc. Calif. Acad. 2: (1863)179
Name: Salt rush
Distribution: USA (California, Oregon, Washington State); Canada (British Columbia)
71 CDN 73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus balticus ssp. pacificus Engelm., Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 2: 442 (1866)
= Juncus lesueurii var. stenocaulon Buchenau, Engl., Pflanzenr. IV, 36: 148 (1906)
= Juncus pacificus (Engelm.) B.D.Jacks., Index Kew.: 1258 (1895), nom. illeg.
species :
Juncus leucanthus Royle ex D.Don; Trans. Linn. Soc. London 18: 318 (1840)
Distribution: China (Shaanxi, Gansu, Qinghai, Sichuan, Yunnan); Tibet; Bhutan; Nepal; N-India (incl. Sikkim, Kumaon)
36 CHI TIB 40 BHU IND NEP
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus leucanthus var. alpinus Buchenau, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 12: 396 (1890)
= Juncus tanguticus Sam., H. R. E. Hand.-Mazz., Symb. Sin. 7: 1233 (1936)
species :
Juncus leucomelas Royle ex D.Don; Trans. Linn. Soc. London 18: 319 (1840)
Distribution: China (Gansu, Sichuan, Yunnan); Tibet; India (Jammu & Kashmir, Sikkim, Chumbi); Bhutan; Nepal; Pakistan
36 CHI TIB 40 BHU IND NEP PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus bhutanensis Satake, Hara, Fl. E. Himal. 2: 162 (1971)
species :
Juncus liebmannii J.F.Macbr.; Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Bot. Ser. 11(1): 9 (1931)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Chihuahua, Colima, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Morelos, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Puebla, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Veracruz, Zacatecas); Guatemala; Panama
79 MEX 80 GUA PAN
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus brevifolius Liebm., Vidensk. Meddel. Naturhist. Foren. Kjøbenhavn 2: 40 (1850), nom. illeg.
= Juncus brevifolius var. mexicanus Buchenau, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 12: 355 (1890)
variant :
var. polycephalus Balslev; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75: 381 (1988)
Distribution: Mexico (Oaxaca); Guatemala
79 MEX 80 GUA
variant :
var. quitensis (Buchenau) Balslev; Fl. Ecuador 11: 40 (1979)
Distribution: Colombia (Cauca); Ecuador
82 CLM 83 ECU
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus brevifolius var. quitensis Buchenau, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 12: 356 (1890)
species :
Juncus littoralis C.A.Mey.; Verz. Pfl. Caucasus 34 (1831)
Name: Strand-Binse (DE); Coastal Rush (EN)
Distribution: Albania; Bulgaria; Crete; France; Greece; NE-Spain; Baleares (Menorca); Italy; Montenegro; Croatia; Slovenia; Romania; Ukraine; Crimea; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); European Turkey; Turkey; Cyprus; Iran; Saudi Arabia; Egypt; Algeria; Libya; Siberia (W-Siberia); Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Northern Caucasus; Azerbaijan
12 BAL FRA SPA 13 ALB BUL CRO GRC ITA KRI MNT ROM SLV TUE 14 KRY UKR 20 ALG EGY LBY 30 SIB 32 TKM UZB 33 AZE NCS 34 CYP EAI IRN TUR 35 SAU
Remarks: acutus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus acutomaritimus E.Mey., C. F. von Ledeb., Fl. Ross. 4: 234 (1853), nom. superfl.
= Juncus acutus gallicus Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 455 (1904)
= Juncus acutus microcarpus Loret & Barrandon, Fl. Montpellier, ed. 2: 512 (1886)
= Juncus acutus proles tommasinii (Parl.) Rouy, G. Rouy & J. Foucaud, Fl. France 13: 230 (1912)
= Juncus acutus ssp. littoralis (C.A.Mey.) Feinbrun, Fl. Palaestina 4: 143 (1986)
= Juncus acutus ssp. tommasinii (Parl.) Arcang., Comp. Fl. Ital.: 715 (1882)
= Juncus acutus ssp. tyraicus (Pacz.) I.Grint., Fl. Reipubl. Popul. Roman. 11: 556 (1966)
= Juncus acutus tyraicus Pacz., Fl. Chers. 1: 381 (1914)
= Juncus acutus var. gallicus (Asch. & Graebn.) Rouy, G. Rouy & J. Foucaud, Fl. France 13: 230 (1912)
= Juncus acutus var. littoralis (C.A.Mey.) Trautv., Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 5: 480 (1831)
= Juncus acutus var. microcarpus (Loret & Barrandon) Husn., Joncées: 9 (1908)
= Juncus acutus var. tommasinii (Parl.) Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 454 (1904)
= Juncus acutus var. tommasinii (Parl.) Buchenau, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 12: 250 (1890)
= Juncus adriaticus Gand., Contr. Fl. Terr. Slav. Merid. 1: 29 (1883)
= Juncus littoralis ssp. tyraicus (Pacz.) Novikov, Fl. Evropeiskoi Chasti SSSR, 2: 73 (1976)
= Juncus tommasinii Parl., Fl. Ital. 2: 315 (1852)
= Juncus tyraicus (Pacz.) V.I.Krecz. & Gontsch., Kom., Fl. URSS, 3: 544 (1935)
species :
Juncus llanquihuensis Barros; Darwiniana, 10: 425 (1953)
Distribution: Argentina (Chubut); Chile (Los Lagos)
85 ARG CLE
species :
Juncus lomatophyllus Spreng.; Neue Entdeck. 2: 108 (1821)
Distribution: Mozambique; Zimbabwe; South Africa (Limpopo, Gauteng, Mpulamanga, KwaZulu-Natal, W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Lesotho; Eswatini [Swaziland]; New Zealand [I]
26 MOZ ZIM 27 LES SAF SWZ 51 nzl
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus capensis var. latifolius E.Mey., Syn. Junc.: 48 (1822)
= Juncus cymosus Lam., Encyc. 3: 267 (1789), nom. rejic.
= Juncus lomatophyllus var. aristatus Buchenau, Monogr. Junc. Cap: 466 (1875)
= Juncus lomatophyllus var. congestus Adamson, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 50: 18 (1935)
= Juncus lomatophyllus var. lutescens Buchenau, Monogr. Junc. Cap: 466 (1875)
= Juncus viridifolius Adamson, Journ. L. Soc., Bot. 50: 20 (1935)
species :
Juncus longiflorus (A.Camus) Noltie; Edinburgh J. Bot., 51(2): 134 (1994)
Distribution: China (Yunnan); ?SE-Tibet
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus sikkimensis var. helvolus K.F.Wu, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 32(5): 461-462 (1994)
= Juncus sikkimensis var. longiflorus A.Camus, Notul. Syst. (Paris) 1: 283 (1910)
species :
Juncus longii Fernald; Rhodora, 39: 397 (1937)
Name: Long´s rush
Distribution: USA (District of Columbia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia)
78 USA
species :
Juncus longirostris Kuvaev; Bot. Zhurn., 57(7): 815 (1972)
Distribution: Siberia (C-Siberia)
30 SIB
species :
Juncus longistamineus A.Camus; Notul. Syst. (Paris) 1: 227 (1910)
Distribution: China (Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Juncus longistylis Torr.; Bot. Mex. Bound. 223 (1859)
Name: Longstyle rush
Distribution: USA (Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Mexico, Nevada, Oregon, South Dakota, Utah, Washington State, Wyoming); Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Newfoundland, Ontario, Québec, Saskatchewan); Mexico (Chihuahua, Sonora)
71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus menziesii var. californicus Hook. & Arn., Bot. Beechey Voy.: 402 (1840)
variant :
var. scabratus F.J.Herm.; J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 30: 218 (1940)
Distribution: USA (Arizona)
76 USA
species :
Juncus luciensis Ertter; Mem. New York Bot. Gard., 39: 58 (1986)
Name: Santa Lucia dwarf rush
Distribution: USA (California)
76 USA
species :
Juncus luzuliformis Franch.; Nouv. Arch. Mus. Paris, Ser, II. 10: 1887 (1888) 99; Buchenau, in Bot. Jahrb. 12: (1890) 204
Distribution: China (Gansu, Guizhou, Hubei, Shanxi, Sichuan)
36 CHI
species :
Juncus macrandrus Coville; Abrams, Ill. Fl. Pacific States, 1: 367 (1923)
Name: Longanther rush
Distribution: USA (California)
76 USA
species :
Juncus macrantherus V.I.Krecz. & Gontsch.; Kom., Fl. URSS, 3: 524, 626 (1935)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Uzbekistan; Afghanistan (Baghlan, Bamyan, Kabul, Qunduz, Parwan)
32 KAZ KGZ TZK UZB 34 AFG
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus afghanicus Snogerup, Fl. Iran., 75: 28 (1971)
species :
Juncus macrophyllus Coville; Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 50: 65 (1902)
Name: Longleaf rush
Distribution: USA (Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah); Mexico (Baja California Norte, Sonora)
76 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus canaliculatus Engelm., Bot. Gaz. 7: 6 (1882), nom. illeg.
species :
Juncus marginatus Rostk.; Diss. Junc. 38 (1801)
Name: Grassleaf rush
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, Vermont, Wisconsin, West Virginia); Canada (British Columbia, Nova Scotia, Ontario); Bermuda; Mexico (Baja California Sur, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Nayarit, Oaxaca, San Luis Potosi, Sonora, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Zacatecas); Belize; Costa Rica; Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Cuba; Jamaica; Argentina (Buenos Aires, Cordoba, Corrientes, Formosa, Jujuy, Misiones); S-Brazil (Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina); Paraguay (Caaguazu, Paraguari, San Pedro); Uruguay (Cerro Largo, Florida Prov., Maldonado, Montevideo, Rivera, Rio Negro, Rocha, San Jose, Soriano, Tacuarembo, Treinta y Tres); Venezuela (Anzoategui, Merida, Sucre); N-Brazil; SE-Brazil; Belize
71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX 80 BLZ COS GUA HON NIC 81 BER CUB JAM 82 VEN 84 BRA 85 ARG PAR URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus aristulatus Michx., Fl. Bor. Am. 1: 192 (1803)
= Juncus buchenavi Sved., Bih. Svensk. Vet.-Akad. Handl. 23: no. 6, 9 (1897)
= Juncus canaliculatus Liebm., Kjoeb. Vidensk. Meddel. (1850) 43
= Juncus cylindricus M.A.Curtis, Am. Journ. Sc. 44: (1843) 83
= Juncus heteranthos Nutt., Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. 5: (1837) 153
= Juncus marginatus var. aristulatus (Michx.) Coville, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 8: 123 (1893)
= Juncus marginatus var. odoratus Torr., Fl. N. Middle United States 1: 362 (1824)
= Juncus marginatus var. paucicapitatus Engelm., Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 2: 455 (1866)
= Juncus marginatus var. setosus Coville, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 8: 124 (1893)
= Juncus marginatus var. vulgaris Engelm., Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 2: 455 (1866), nom. inval.
= Juncus odoratus (Torr.) Steud., Syn. Pl. Cyp. 304 (1855)
= Juncus setosus (Coville) Small, Fl. S. E. U. S. ed. 1, 258 (1903)
= Juncus triglumis Walter, Fl. Carol. 124 (1788) [non L. 1753]
= Luzula angustifolia Poir., Lam., Encycl., Suppl. 3: 530 (1813)
= Luzula juncoides Poir., Encyc. Suppl. 3: 535 (1813)
= Tristemon biflorum (Elliott) Raf., Autikon Bot. 192 (1840)
= Tristemon laxum Raf., Autik. Bot.: 192 (1840), nom. superfl.
species :
Juncus maritimus Lam.; Encycl. Méth. Bot. 3: 264 (1789)
Name: Strand-Binse (DE); Sea rush (EN); Junco marino (ES)
Distribution: Albania; Austria; Belgium; Baleares; England; Channel Isl.; Bulgaria; Corsica; Crete; Denmark; France; Germany (Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Schleswig-Holstein); Greece; Ireland; Netherlands; Spain; Hungary; Italy; Montenegro; Slovenia; Croatia; Portugal; Romania; Ukraine; Crimea; E-European Russia; Georgia [Caucasus]; Northern Caucasus; Azerbaijan; Sardinia; Sicily; Sweden; Algeria; Morocco; Tunisia; Libya (incl. Tibesti); Turkmenistan; Tajikistan; Uzbekistan; Turkey (Inner Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Cyprus (S-Cyprus); East Aegaean Isl.; European Turkey; Iran (NW-Iran: Iranian Azerbaijan); Israel (coastal W-Israel); Lebanon (coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, C-Syrian Desert, Jazira); Pakistan (Sind, Baluchistan, Karachi); ?NW-India; Azores (Terceira, Pico); Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Gran Canaria, La Gomera, La Palma Isl.); USA [I] (New York [I])
10 DEN GRB IRE SWE 11 AUT BGM GER HUN NET 12 BAL CIS COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BUL CRO GRC ITA KRI MNT ROM SIC SLV TUE 14 KRY RUS UKR 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN 21 AZO CNY 32 TKM TZK UZB 33 AZE GEO NCS 34 CYP EAI IRN ISR LEB SYR TUR 40 PAK 75 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncastrum maritimum Fourr., Ann. Soc. Limt. Lyon, N. S. 17: (1869) 171
= Juncus broteroi Steud., Syn. Pl. Cyp. 297 (1855)
= Juncus maritimus ponticus (Steven) Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 456 (1904)
= Juncus maritimus var. atlanticus J.W.White, J. Bot. 52: 19 (1914)
= Juncus maritimus var. congestus L.B.Hall, J. Bot. 66: 361 (1928)
= Juncus maritimus var. luxurians Lojac., Fl. Sicul. 3: 152 (1909)
= Juncus maritimus var. nervatus Lojac., Fl. Sicul. 3: 152 (1909)
= Juncus paui Sennen, Exsicc. (Pl. Esp.) 1925: 5432 (1925)
= Juncus ponticus Steven, Bull. Soc. Nat. Mosc. 30: (1857) u. III. 94
= Juncus pseudacutus Pau, Not. Bot. Fl. Españ. 6: 100 (1895)
= Juncus spinosus var. congestus (L.B.Hall) Druce, Bot. Soc. Exch. Club Brit. Isles 9(2): 240 (1930)
species :
Juncus maroccanus Kirschner; Preslia 76: 372 (2004)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
species :
Juncus maximowiczii Buchenau; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 12(3-4): 394, t. 1, f. 12 (1890)
Distribution: China (Jilin); Japan (Honshu); North Korea; Taiwan
36 CHI 38 JAP NKO TAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus cupreus Lév. & Vaniot, Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 51: 292 (1904)
= Juncus triflorus Ohwi, J. Jap. Bot. 13: 30 (1937)
= Juncus maximowiczii f. rostratus Satake, Nov. Fl. Jap. 1: 25 (1938)
= Juncus takasagomontanus Satake, J. Jap. Bot. 14: 256 (1938)
species :
Juncus megacephalus M.A.Curtis; Boston J. Nat. Hist. 1: 132 (1835)
Name: Bighead rush
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Texas, Virginia)
77 USA 78 USA
species :
Juncus megalophyllus S.Y.Bao; Fl. Yunnanica 15: 804 (2003)
Distribution: China (Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Juncus meianthus L.A.S.Johnson ex K.L.Wilson; Taxon 50: 1112 (2001)
Distribution: Australia (Western Australia)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus gracilis R.Br., Prod. 259 (1810), nom. illeg.
= Juncus gracilis var. humilis Benth., Fl. Austral. 7: 125 (1878)
species :
Juncus membranaceus Royle ex D.Don; Proc. L. Soc. 1: (1839) 10; et in Trans. L. Soc. 18: (1840) 320
Distribution: Tibet; China (Yunnan); Nepal; Tajikistan; Afghanistan (Badakshan, Wakhan, Kunar / Nuristan, Laghman, Parwan); N-India (incl. Jammu & Kashmir); N-Pakistan (widespread); Myanmar (Chin)
32 TZK 34 AFG 36 CHI TIB 40 IND NEP PAK 41 MYA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus hoffmeisteri Klotzsch, Bot. Ergeb. Waldem. Reise, 9 (1862)
= Juncus concinnus var. turbidus Buchenau, Nachr. Königl. Ges. Wiss. Georg-Augusts-Univ. 13: 252 (1869)
species :
Juncus mendocinus Barros; Darwiniana 10: 427 (1953)
Distribution: Argentina (Mendoza); Chile (Los Lagos)
85 ARG CLE
species :
Juncus mertensianus Bong.; Mem. Acad. Petersb. Ser. VI. 2: (1833) 167
Name: Mertens´ rush
Distribution: Aleutes; Alaska; USA (Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, New Mexico, Nevada, Oregon, South Dakota, Utah, Washington State, Wyoming); Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Northern Territories, Saskatchewan, Yukon); Japan (Hokkaido)
38 JAP 70 ASK CDN 71 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 76 USA 77 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus ensifolius var. minor E.Mey., Linnaea 3: 373 (1828)
= Juncus mertensianus var. filifolius Suksd., Deutsche Bot. Monatsschr. 19: 92 (1901)
= Juncus slwookoorum S.B.Young, Rhodora 72: 486 (1970)
species :
Juncus micranthus Schrad.; E. Mey. Syn. Luz. 31 (1823)
Distribution: NE-Brazil; Bolivia (Santa Cruz); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Cordoba, Corrientes, Mendoza, San Juan); S-Brazil (Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina); Paraguay (Amambay, Caaguazu, Misiones, Paraguari); Uruguay (Florida, Rivera, Rocha, Tacuarembo, Treinta y Tres)
83 BOL 84 BRA 85 ARG PAR URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus meridionalis (Buchenau) Herter, Revista Sudamer. Bot. 9(7-8): 201 (1956)
= Juncus scirpoides var. meridionalis Buchenau, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 12: 324 (1890)
species :
Juncus microcephalus Kunth; Nov. Gen. et Sp. 1: 237 (1816)
Name: Kleinköpfige Binse (DE)
Distribution: Venezuela (Amazonas, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Lara, Merida, Portuguesa, Sucre, Tachira, Trujillo, Zulia); Mexico (Aguascalientes, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Colima, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Zacatecas); Nicaragua; Guatemala; Honduras; Costa Rica; Panama; Peru; Ecuador; Argentina (Buenos Aires, Catamarca, Chaco, Chubut, Cordoba, Corrientes, Brasilia Distrito Federal, Entre Rios, Formosa, Jujuy, La Pampa, Mendoza, Misiones, Neuquen, Rio Negro, Salta, Santa Fe, San Juan, Tucuman); S-Brazil (Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina); Chile (O´Higgins, Maule, Bio Bio, Araucania, Los Lagos, Aisen, Magallanes, Reg. Metropolitana); Paraguay (Caaguazu, Central, Guaira, Paraguari, San Pedro); Uruguay (Artigas, Canelones, Cerro Largo, Florida Prov., Flores Prov., Maldonado, Montevideo, Paysandu, Rio Negro, Rocha, Salto, San Jose, Soriano, Treinta y Tres); Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, La Paz, Santa Cruz, Tarija); NE-Brazil; WC-Brazil; SE-Brazil; Colombia (Antioquia, Boyacá, Cauca, Cundinamarca, Huila, Nariño, Norte de Santander, Putumayo, Risaralda, Santander, Valle); Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); New Zealand [I]; Germany [I]
11 ger 50 aus 51 nzl 79 MEX 80 COS GUA HON NIC PAN 82 CLM VEN 83 BOL ECU PER 84 BRA 85 ARG CLE PAR URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus floribundus Kunth, Nov. Gen. et Sp. 1: 237 (1816)
= Juncus floribundus Phil., Linnaea 29: 74 (1857), nom. illeg.
= Juncus involucratus Steud. ex Buchenau, Abh. Naturwiss. Vereine Bremen 4: 121 (1875)
= Juncus luzuloxiphium Griseb., Goett. Abh. 19: (1874) 268
= Juncus microcephalus var. floribundus (Kunth) E.Mey., Linnaea 3: 370 (1828)
= Juncus microcephalus var. intermedius E.Mey. ex Schult. & Schult.fil., Syst. Veg. 7(1): 195 (1829)
= Juncus microcephalus var. major Schult. & Schult.fil., Syst. Veg. 7(1): 195 (1829), nom. superfl.
= Juncus microcephalus var. virens Griseb., Symb. Fl. Argent.: 317 (1879)
= Juncus rudis Kunth, Enum. Pl. 3: 333 (1841)
= Juncus sellowianus Kunth, Enum. Pl. 3: 336 (1841)
= Juncus timotensis Barros, Darwiniana 10: 431 (1953)
species :
Juncus milashanensis A.M.Lu & Zhi Y.Zhang; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 17(3): 127, t. 2, f. 6-10 (1979)
Distribution: China (Sichuan); Tibet
36 CHI TIB
species :
Juncus militaris Bigelow; Fl. Bost. ed. II. 139 (1824)
Name: Bayonet rush
Distribution: USA (Connecticut, Delaware, Indiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont); Canada (New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Isl.); St. Pierre et Miquelon
72 CDN SPM 75 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus militaris f. bifrons Fernald, Rhodora 24: 166 (1922)
= Juncus militaris f. subnudus Fernald, Rhodora 24: 166 (1922)
= Tristemon stellatum Raf., Autik. Bot.: 191 (1840), nom. superfl.
= Tristemon stellatum var. bigelowii Raf., Autik. Bot.: 192 (1840), nom. inval.
= Tristemon stellatum var. paradoxum Raf., Autik. Bot.: 192 (1840)
species :
Juncus minimus Buchenau; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 25: 145 (1867)
Distribution: China (Sichuan, Yunnan); Tibet; Nepal; N-India (incl. Sikkim); Bhutan
36 CHI TIB 40 BHU IND NEP
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus unifolius A.M.Lu & Z.Y.Zhang, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 17: 125 (1979)
species :
Juncus minutulus (Albert & Jahand.) Prain; Index Kew., Suppl. 5: 143 (1921)
Distribution: Albania; Austria; Belgium; England; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Denmark; France; Germany; Finland [I]; Greece; Crete; Switzerland; Netherlands; Spain; Hungary; Italy; Portugal; Norway; Poland; Romania; N-European Russia; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; Sicily; Sweden; Siberia (W-Siberia); Kazakhstan; Tajikistan; Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); East Aegaean Isl.; European Turkey; Iran (N-Iran)
10 DEN fin GRB NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN NET POL SLO SWI 12 FRA POR SPA 13 ALB GRC ITA KRI ROM SIC TUE 14 RUS 30 SIB 32 KAZ TZK 34 EAI IRN TUR
Remarks: bufonius agg. Status uncertain, included by Rooks et al. (2012) in J. bufonius because the morphological and cytological features do not overlap, but kept separate by Kirschner (2021) on cytological grounds
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus bufonius f. minutulus Albert & Jahand., Cat. Pl. Vasc. Dép. Var 501 (1908)
= Juncus bufonius ssp. minutulus V.I.Krecz. & Gontsch. ex Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung., 16(3-4): 366 [1970] (1971)
= Juncus bufonius var. parvulus Hartm., Handb. Skand. Fl., ed. 7: 241 (1858)
= Juncus minutulus V.I.Krecz. & Gontsch., Kom., Fl. URSS, 3: 520, 625 (1935), nom. illeg.
species :
Juncus miyiensis K.F.Wu; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 32(5): 456-457, f. 5, 1-3 (1994)
Distribution: China (Sichuan)
36 CHI
species :
Juncus modicus N.E.Br.; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 36: 165 (1903)
Distribution: China (Gansu, Guizhou, Henan, Hubei, Shaanxi, Sichuan); Tibet
36 CHI TIB
species :
Juncus mogadorensis (H.Lindb.) A.W.Hill; Index Kew., Suppl. 9: 150 (1938)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus bufonius ssp. mogadorensis H.Lindb., Acta Soc. Sci. Fenn., Ser. B, Opera Biol. 1(2): 31 (1932)
= Juncus bufonius var. mogadorensis (H.Lindb.) Maire & Weiller, Fl. Afr. Nord 4: 165 (1957)
species :
Juncus mollifolius Hilliard & B.L.Burtt; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 43: 367 (1986)
Distribution: South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal); Lesotho
27 LES SAF
species :
Juncus mollis L.A.S.Johnson; Telopea, 5(2): 311 (1993)
Distribution: Australia (New South Wales)
50 AUS
species :
Juncus mustagensis Miyam. & H.Ohba; J. Jap. Bot. 78(3): 154 (2003)
Distribution: Nepal
40 NEP
species :
Juncus nanshuanensis Novikov; Byull. Moskovsk. Obshch. Isp. Prir., Otd. Biol. 103(4): 67 (1998)
Distribution: China (Yunnan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus sphaerocephalus K.F.Wu, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 32(5): 453, f. 4, 1-4 (1994) [non Salzm. ex Pouzolz 1826]
species :
Juncus nepalicus Miyam. & H.Ohba; J. Jap. Bot., 68(1): 28 (1993)
Distribution: Nepal; N-India (Sikkim); Tibet; China (Yunnan)
36 CHI TIB 40 IND NEP
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus amplifolius var. pumilus A.Camus, Notul. Syst. (Paris) 1: 282 (1910)
= Juncus rostocarpus Miyam., Bull. Univ. Mus. Univ. Tokyo 42(4): 58 (2006), nom. nov. for J. amplifolius var. pumilus Camus
species :
Juncus nevadensis S.Watson; Proc. Am. Acad. 14: (1879) 303
Name: Sierra rush
Distribution: USA (California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, Washington State, Wyoming); Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Saskatchewan); Mexico (Chihuahua, Sonora)
71 CDN 73 USA 76 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus mertensianus ssp. gracilis (Engelm.) F.J.Herm., Leafl. W. Bot. 10: 85 (1964)
= Juncus mertensianus var. suksdorfii (Rydb.) F.J.Herm., Leafl. W. Bot. 10: 86 (1964)
= Juncus phaeocephalus var. gracilis Engelm., Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 2: 484 (1868)
= Juncus suksdorfii Rydb., Bull. Torr. Bot. Club 26: 541 (1899)
= Juncus truncatus Rydb., Bull. Torr. Bot. Club 31: 399 (1904)
variant :
var. badius (Suksd.) C.L.Hitchc.; Vasc. Pl. Pacific Northw. 1: 201 (1969)
Distribution: USA (Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, New Mexico, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, Washington State, Wyoming)
73 USA 76 USA 77 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus badius Suksd., Deutsche Bot. Monatsschr. 19: 92 (1901)
= Juncus mertensianus var. badius (Suksd.) F.J.Herm., Leafl. W. Bot. 10: 86 (1964)
variant :
var. columbianus (Coville) H.St.John; Fl. S.-E. Washington: 82 (1937)
Name: Columbia rush
Distribution: USA (Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington State)
73 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus columbianus Coville, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 14: 87 (1901)
= Juncus mertensianus var. columbianus (Coville) F.J.Herm., Leafl. W. Bot. 10: 86 (1964)
variant :
var. inventus (L.F.Hend.) C.L.Hitchc.; Vasc. Pl. Pacific Northw. 1: 201 (1969)
Distribution: USA (Oregon)
73 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus inventus L.F.Hend., Rhodora, 32: 21 (1930)
species :
Juncus nodatus Coville; Britton & A. Brown, Ill. Fl. Ed. 2, 1: 482 (1913)
Name: Stout rush
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, California, Florida, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Missouri, Mississippi, Oklahoma, Tennessee, Texas, Wisconsin)
74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus acuminatus var. robustus Engelm., A. Gray, Manual, ed. 5: 542 (1867)
= Juncus robustus (Engelm.) Coville, Britton & A. Brown, Ill. Fl. N. U. S. 1: 395 (1896), nom. illeg.
species :
Juncus nodosus L.; Sp. Pl. ed. II. 466 (1762)
Name: Knotted rush
Distribution: Alaska; USA (Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Iowa, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Massachusetts, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, Nevada, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Vermont, Washington State, Wisconsin, West Virginia, Wyoming); Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Northern Territories, Ontario, Prince Edward Isl., Québec, Saskatchewan, Yukon); Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Nuevo León, San Luis Potosi, Sonora)
70 ASK CDN 71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus nodosus var. prolifer Lunell, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 4: 238 (1915)
= Juncus nodosus var. vulgaris Torr., Fl. New York 2: 326 (1843), nom. inval.
= Juncus rostkovii E.Mey., Syn. Junc. 26 (1822)
= Tristemon fulvum Raf., Autikon Bot. 191 (1840)
variant :
var. meridianus F.J.Herm.; J. Arnold Arbor. 25: 58 (1944)
Distribution: USA (Texas)
77 USA
species :
Juncus novae-zelandiae Hook.fil.; Fl. N. Zel. 1: 264 (1853)
Distribution: New Zealand
51 NZL
species :
Juncus nupela Veldkamp; Blumea, 23(2): 415 (1977)
Distribution: New Guinea (Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
species :
Juncus obliquus Adamson; Journ. S. Afr. Bot., 3: 165 (1937)
Distribution: South Africa (W-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
species :
Juncus occidentalis Wiegand; Bull. Torr. Bot. Club 27: 523 (1900)
Name: Western rush
Distribution: USA (Arizona, California, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, Washington State); Argentina (Cordoba, Santa Fe, San Luis); Chile (Maule, Reg. Metropolitana)
73 USA 76 USA 85 ARG CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus tenuis var. congestus Engelm., Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 2: 450 (1866)
= Juncus tenuis var. occidentalis (Wiegand) Coville, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 10: 129 (1896), nom. superfl.
species :
Juncus ochraceus Buchenau; Abh. Naturwiss. Vereine Bremen 3: 292 (1872)
Distribution: China (Sichuan, Yunnan); Tibet; Nepal; Bhutan; N-India (Assam, Sikkim, Darjeeling, etc.)
36 CHI TIB 40 BHU IND NEP
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus tratangensis Satake, Univ. Mus. Univ. Tokyo Bull., 2: 164 (1971)
species :
Juncus ochrocoleus L.A.S.Johnson; Telopea, 5(2): 312 (1993)
Distribution: Australia (New South Wales, Queensland)
50 AUS
species :
Juncus orchonicus Novikov; Byull. Mosk. Obshch. Ispyt. Prir., Biol., 90(5): 110 (1985)
Distribution: Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Mongolia
30 SIB 37 MON
species :
Juncus orthophyllus Coville; Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 4: 207 (1893)
Name: Straightleaf rush
Distribution: USA (California, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Oregon, Washington State)
73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus longistylis var. latifolius Engelm., Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 2: 496 (1868)
= Juncus latifolius (Engelm.) Buchenau, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 12: 425 (1890), nom. illeg.
= Juncus orthophyllus var. congestus Suksd., Werdenda 1: 6 (1923)
= Juncus orthophyllus f. congestus (Suksd.) H.St.John, Fl. S.-E. Washington: 82 (1936)
species :
Juncus oxycarpus E.Mey. ex Kunth; Enum. Pl. 3: 336 (1841)
Distribution: South Sudan; Burundi; Rwanda; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Eritrea; Ethiopia; Somalia; Kenya; Tanzania; SW-Angola; Malawi; Zambia; Zimbabwe; Botswana; South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, N-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Lesotho; Eswatini [Swaziland]; Namibia; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], Victoria [I])
23 BUR RWA ZAI 24 ERI ETH SOM SSU 25 KEN TAN 26 ANG MLW ZAM ZIM 27 BOT LES NAM SAF SWZ 50 aus
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus brevistilus Buchenau, Monogr. Junc. Cap: 433 (1875)
= Juncus gentilis N.E.Br., Kew Bull., 83 (1914)
= Juncus oxycarpus ssp. australis Weim., Svensk Bot. Tidskr. 40: 166 (1946), nom. inval.
= Juncus oxycarpus ssp. sparganioides Weim., Svensk Bot. Tidskr. 40: 166 (1946)
= Juncus oxycarpus var. microcephalus Adamson, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 50: 13 (1935)
= Juncus quartinianus A.Rich., Tent. Fl. Abyss. 2: 339 (1851)
= Juncus suboxycarpus Adamson, Journ. L. Soc., Bot. 50: 14 (1935)
species :
Juncus oxymeris Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sc. St. Louis, 2: (1868) 483
Name: Pointed rush
Distribution: USA (California, Oregon, Washington State); Canada (British Columbia); Mexico (Baja California Norte)
71 CDN 73 USA 76 USA 79 MEX
species :
Juncus pallescens Lam.; Encyc. 3: 268 (1789)
Distribution: Argentina (Buenos Aires, Catamarca, Chubut, Cordoba, Corrientes, Argentina Distrito Federal, EM, Mendoza, Neuquen, Rio Negro, Santa Fe, San Juan, San Luis, Tucuman); S-Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina); Chile (Tarapaca, Reg. Metropolitana); Juan Fdz. Isl.; Paraguay (Central); Uruguay (Artigas, Canelones, Cerro Largo, Durazno, Florida Prov., Flores Prov., Maldonado, Montevideo, Paysandu, Rio Negro, Rocha, Soriano); Peru; Ecuador; Galapagos; Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, La Paz, Potosí, Tarija); Colombia (Nariño)
82 CLM 83 BOL ECU GAL PER 84 BRA 85 ARG CLE JNF PAR URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus commixtus Steud., Syn. Pl. Cyp. 300 (1855)
= Juncus dombeyanus J.Gay ex Laharpe, Mem. Soc. Hist. Nat. Par. 3: (1827) 132
= Juncus dombeyanus var. elatus Buchenau, Junc. S. Amer.: 409 (1879)
= Juncus dombeyanus var. pycnanthus Buchenau, Junc. S. Amer.: 409 (1879)
= Juncus fernandezianus Steud., Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 302 (1855)
= Juncus fuscocapitatus Balslev, Fl. Neotrop., 68: 111 (1996)
= Juncus longifolius Steud., Syn. Pl. Cyp. 299 (1855)
= Juncus megakoleos Steud., Syn. Pl. Cyp. 299 (1855)
= Juncus proximus Steud., Syn. Pl. Cyp. 300 (1855)
variant :
var. achalensis (Barros) Novara; Zuloaga & Morrone (eds.), Cat. Pl. Vasc. Rep. Arg. 1 (Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60): 221 (1996), et Aportes Bot. Salta Ser. Misc. 1999(1): 7 (1999)
Distribution: Argentina (Catamarca, Cordoba, Salta, Santa Fe, San Juan, San Luis)
85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus achalensis Barros, Darwiniana, 10: 449 (1953)
= Juncus dombeyanus var. achalensis (Barros) Novara, Aportes Bot. Salta Ser. Fl. 1(27): 12 (1993)
species :
Juncus pallidus R.Br.; Prod. 258 (1810)
Distribution: Australia (South Australia, Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania); New Zealand (incl. Stewart Isl.); Lord Howe Isl. [I]; Chatham Isl. [I]
50 AUS lhi 51 ctm NZL
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus macrostigma Colenso, Trans. N. Z. Inst. 17: (1885) 253
species :
Juncus paludosus E.L.Bridges & Orzell; Novon 18(3): 294 (2008)
Distribution: USA (Florida)
78 USA
species :
Juncus papillosus Franch. & Sav.; Enum. Pl. Jap. 2: 533 (1789)
Distribution: Russian Far East (Amur, Kuril Isl., Primorye, Sakhalin); Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu); Ryukyu Isl.; China (Nei Mongol, Hebei, Shandong, Henan, Heilongjiang, Jiangsu, Jilin, Liaoning); North Korea; South Korea
31 RFE 36 CHI 38 JAP KOR NKO NNS
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus nikkoensis Satake, J. Fac. Sci. Univ. Tokyo, Sect. 3, Bot. 4: 185 (1933)
= Juncus nikkoensis var. minor Satake, J. Fac. Sci. Univ. Tokyo, Sect. 3, Bot. 4(2): 185 (1933)
= Juncus nipponensis var. hakodatensis H.Lév., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 10: 352 (1912)
= Juncus nipponensis Buchenau, Bot. Jahrb. 12: (1890) 340
= Juncus umbellifer Lév. & Vaniot, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 51: 292 (1904)
species :
Juncus parryi Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sc. St. Louis, 2: (1866) 446
Name: Parry´s rush
Distribution: USA (California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, Washington State, Wyoming); Canada (Alberta, British Columbia)
71 CDN 73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus drummondii var. parryi (Engelm.) M.E.Jones, Bull. Montana State Univ., Biol. Ser. 15: 22 (1910)
species :
Juncus patens E.Mey.; Syn. Luzul. 28 (1823)
Name: Spreading rush
Distribution: USA (California, Oregon, Washington State); Mexico (Baja California Norte)
73 USA 76 USA 79 MEX
species :
Juncus pauciflorus R.Br.; Prodr. 259 (1810)
Distribution: Australia (South Australia, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania); New Zealand; South Africa [I]
27 saf 50 AUS 51 NZL
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus gunnii Hook.fil., Fl. Tasm. 2: 67 (1858)
= Juncus pauciflorus var. gunnii (Hook.fil.) Buchenau, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 12: 239 (1890)
species :
Juncus pelocarpus E.Mey.; Syn. Luzul. 30 (1823)
Name: Brownfruit rush
Distribution: USA (Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Indiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, North Carolina, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Virginia, Vermont, Washington State, Wisconsin); Canada (British Columbia, Labrador, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Isl., Québec); St. Pierre et Miquelon
71 CDN 72 CDN SPM 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus articulatus var. pelocarpus (E.Mey.) A.Gray, Manual, ed. 5: 482 (1856)
= Juncus conradii Tuck., Fl. New York 2: 328 (1843)
= Juncus muehlenbergii Spreng., Syst. 2: 106 (1825)
= Juncus pelocarpus var. sabulonensis H.St.John, Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist. 36: 67 (1921)
= Juncus viviparus Conrad, Journ. Acad. Philad. 6: (1828) 105
species :
Juncus perpusillus Sam.; Symb. Sin. 7(5): 1237-1238 (1936)
Distribution: Tibet; China (Sichuan); N-India (Sikkim); Nepal
36 CHI TIB 40 IND NEP
species :
Juncus persicus Boiss.; Diagn. Ser. I. 7: 101 (1846)
subspecies :
subsp. persicus
Distribution: Iran; Afghanistan (Bamyan, Ghazni, Kabul, Logar, Wardak, Orozgan / Daykundi, Paktia / Khost); Iraq
34 AFG IRN IRQ
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus gerardi persicus (Boiss.) Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 433 (1904)
= Juncus gerardi ssp. persicus (Boiss.) Snogerup, Fl. Iran., 75: 14 (1971)
subspecies :
subsp. libanoticus (J.Thiébaut) Novikov & Snogerup; Preslia 74: 252 (2002)
Distribution: European Turkey; Crimea; Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Afghanistan (Badghys, Baghlan, Bamyan, Herat); Iran; Iraq; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey; China; Mongolia
13 TUE 14 KRY 30 SIB 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 34 AFG IRN IRQ LEB SYR TUR 36 CHI 37 MON
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus bulbosus var. acutiflorus Regel, Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 4: 272 (1868)
= Juncus compressus var. subcompressus (Zakirov & Novopokr.) Novikov, Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 15: 84 (1979)
= Juncus gerardi ssp. libanoticus (J.Thiébaut) Snogerup, Rech fil., Fl. Iran. 75: 13 (1971)
= Juncus gerardi ssp. vvedenskyi (V.I.Krecz.) Novikov, Byull. Mosk. Obshch. Ispyt. Prir., Biol., 95(5): 114 (1990)
= Juncus gerardi var. acutiflorus (Regel) Buchenau, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 12: 189 (1890)
= Juncus libanoticus J.Thiébaut, Bull. Soc. Bot. France, 95: 20 (1948)
= Juncus manasiensis K.F.Wu, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 32(5): 445-446, f. 2, 1-4 (1994)
= Juncus persicus ssp. vvedenskyi (V.I.Krecz.) Novikov, Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast., 15: 85 (1979)
= Juncus subcompressus Zakirov & Novopokr., Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 36(1): 77 (1951)
= Juncus vvedenskyi V.I.Krecz., Bull. Univ. As. Centr. 21: 176(1935)
species :
Juncus petrophilus Miyam.; Bull. Univ. Mus. Univ. Tokyo 42(4): 52 (2006)
Distribution: China (Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Juncus phaeanthus L.A.S.Johnson; Telopea, 5(2): 313 (1993)
Distribution: Australia (New South Wales, Victoria)
50 AUS
species :
Juncus phaeocephalus Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sc. St. Louis, 2: (1868) 484
Name: Brownhead rush
Distribution: USA (Oregon, Washington, California)
73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus phaeocephalus var. glomeratus Engelm., Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 2: 484 (1868)
variant :
var. paniculatus Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 2: 484 (1868)
Distribution: USA (California)
76 USA
species :
Juncus planifolius R.Br.; Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holl. 259 (1810)
Name: Broadleaf rush
Distribution: Australia (South Australia, Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania); New Zealand (incl. Stewart Isl.); Chatham Isl.; Hawaii [I] (Kauai [I], Oahu [I], Molokai [I], Lanai [I], Maui [I], Hawaii Isl. [I]); W-Ireland [I]; USA [I] (Oregon [I])
10 ire 50 AUS 51 CTM NZL 63 haw 73 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus homalophyllus Steud., Syn. Pl. Cyp. 303 (1855)
= Juncus planifolius var. chathamensis Buchenau, Krit. Verz. Juncac.: 87 (1879)
= Juncus planifolius var. humilis Ostenf., Biol. Meddel. Kongel. Danske Vidensk. Selsk. 3(2): 15 (1921)
= Juncus planifolius var. tenellus Benth., Fl. Austral. 7: 126 (1878)
= Juncus xantholepis Steud., Syn. Pl. Cyp. 303 (1855)
variant :
var. demissus (Steud.) Buchenau; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 12: 434 (1890)
Distribution: Chile (Maule, Bio Bio, Araucania, Los Lagos, Aisen); Juan Fdz. Isl.
85 CLE JNF
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus demissus Steud., Cyp. Pl. Cyp. 303 (1855)
species :
Juncus polyanthemus Buchenau; Bot. Jahrb. 21: (1895) 261
Distribution: Australia (Western Australia, Queensland, New South Wales); New Zealand; Lord Howe Isl.; Hawaii [I] (Oahu [I], Maui [I]); New Caledonia
50 AUS LHI 51 NZL 60 NWC 63 haw
species :
Juncus polycephalus Michx.; Fl. Bor. Am. 1: 192 (1803)
Name: Manyhead rush
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Texas)
77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus echinatus Muhl., Descr. Gram.: 207 (1817), nom. superfl.
= Juncus engelmannii Buchenau, Krit. Verz. Juncac.: 67 (1880), nom. superfl.
= Juncus polycephalus var. crassifolius Michx., Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 192 (1803)
= Juncus scirpoides subvar. minor Engelm., Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 2: 468 (1868)
= Juncus scirpoides var. polycephalus (Michx.) Engelm., Herb. Junc. Bor.-Amer. Norm.: 69 (1868)
= Tristemon gladiatum Raf., Autikon Bot. 191 (1840)
= Tristemon polycephalum (Michx.) Raf., Fl. Tellur. 4: 32 (1838)
species :
Juncus potaninii Buchenau; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 12(3-4): 394 (1890)
subspecies :
subsp. potaninii
Distribution: China (Gansu, Guizhou, Henan, Hubei, Jilin, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan); Tibet; Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu); North Korea; Nepal
36 CHI TIB 38 JAP NKO 40 NEP
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus luzuliformis var. modestus (Buchenau) Buchenau, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 36(5, Beibl. 82): 15 (1905)
= Juncus luzuliformis var. potaninii (Buchenau) Buchenau, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 36(5, Beibl. 82): 15 (1905)
= Juncus modestus Buchenau, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 12(1-2): 203 (1890)
= Juncus perparvus K.F.Wu, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 32(5): 448-450, f. 3, 1-4 (1994)
subspecies :
subsp. woroschilovii (Nechaev & Novikov) Novikov; Byull. Mosk. Obshch. Ispyt. Prir., Biol., 95(5): 118 (1990)
Distribution: Russian Far East
31 RFE
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus woroschilovii Nechaev & Novikov, Byull. Mosk. Obsch. Ispyt. Prir., Biol., 84(4): 104 (1979)
species :
Juncus prismatocarpus R.Br.; Prodr. 259 (1810)
subspecies :
subsp. prismatocarpus
Distribution: Australia (South Australia, Queensland, New South Wales, Tasmania); New Zealand; Chatham Isl.
50 AUS 51 CTM NZL
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus commutatus Steud., Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 301 (1855)
subspecies :
subsp. leschenaultii (Gay ex Laharpe) Kirschner; Preslia 74: 249 (2002)
Distribution: China (Shandong, Jiangsu, Anhui, Zhejiang, Jiangxi, Fujian, Hubei, Hunan, Guangdong, Hainan, Henan, Guangxi, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan); Tibet; Taiwan; Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu); Ryukyu Isl.; Russian Far East (incl. Kamchatka, Kuril Isl.); North Korea; South Korea; Bangladesh; India (incl. Sikkim, Darjeeling); Nepal; Sri Lanka; Cambodia; Laos; Thailand; Vietnam; Java; peninsular Malaysia (Pahan); Moluccas; Philippines (Luzon, Mindanao); Sumatra; New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea); Bhutan; Pakistan (Baluchistan); Mauritius [I]; Myanmar (Kachin)
29 mau 31 RFE 36 CHI TIB 38 JAP KOR NKO NNS TAI 40 BAN BHU IND NEP PAK SRL 41 CBD LAO MYA THA VIE 42 JAW MLY MOL NWG PHI SUM
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus bombonzanensis Satake, J. Fac. Sci. Univ. Tokyo, Sect. 3, Bot. 4(2): 182 (1933)
= Juncus hizenensis Satake, J. Jap. Bot. 12: 48 (1936)
= Juncus indicus var. nanus Royle ex D.Don, Trans. Linn. Soc. London 18: 323 (1840)
= Juncus latior Satake, J. Jap. Bot. 12: 20 (1936)
= Juncus leschenaultii J.Gay ex Laharpe, Mem. Soc. Hist. Nat. Paris 3: 137 (1827)
= Juncus leschenaultii var. major Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 3: 164 (1867)
= Juncus leschenaultii var. radicans Franch. & Sav., Enum. Pl. Jap.: 533 (1879)
= Juncus prismatocarpus subvar. pluritubulosus Buchenau, Bot. Jaarb. 12: 311 (1890)
= Juncus prismatocarpus subvar. thermalis Buchenau, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 12: 311 (1890)
= Juncus prismatocarpus subvar. viviparus Koidz., Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 29: 309 (1915)
= Juncus prismatocarpus var. leschenaultii (J.Gay ex Laharpe) Buchenau, Bot. Jaarb. 6: 204 (1885)
= Juncus prismatocarpus var. sinensis (Gay) Hook.fil., Fl. Brit. India 6: 396 (1892)
= Juncus sinensis J.Gay ex Laharpe, Mem. Soc. Hist. Nat. Par. iii (1827) 137
= Juncus unibracteatus Griff., Notul. 232 (1851)
= Juncus yakeishidakensis Satake, J. Fac. Sci. Univ. Tokyo, Sect. 3, Bot. 4(2): 189 (1933)
species :
Juncus procerus E.Mey.; Linnaea, 3: (1828) 367
Distribution: Australia (South Australia, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania); Argentina (Chubut, Mendoza, Neuquen, Rio Negro); Chile (Maule, Bio Bio, Araucania, Los Lagos, Aisen, Magallanes); Juan Fdz. Isl.; Ecuador; N-New Zealand [I]; S-New Zealand [I]
50 AUS 51 nzl 83 ECU 85 ARG CLE JNF
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus valdiviae Steud., Syn. Pl. Cyp. 296 (1855)
= Juncus pallidus var. triandrus Cheeseman, Man. New Zealand Fl., ed. 2: 293 (1925)
species :
Juncus prominens (Buchenau) Miyabe & Kudô; Trans. Sapporo Nat. Hist. Soc. 5: 40 (1913)
Distribution: Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu); Russian Far East (Kuril Isl., Kamchatka)
31 RFE 38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus falcatus ssp. prominens (Buchenau) Novikov, Byull. Mosk. Obshch. Ispyt. Prir., Biol., 95(5): 120 (1990)
= Juncus falcatus var. prominens Buchenau, Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 36: 247 (1906)
species :
Juncus przewalskii Buchenau; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 12(3-4): 401 (1890)
Distribution: China (Gansu, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan); Tibet
36 CHI TIB
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus przewalskii var. discolor Sam., Symb. Sin. 7(5): 1234-1235 (1936)
= Juncus kangdingensis K.F.Wu, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 32(5): 460-461, f. 4, 9-10 (1994)
= Juncus przewalskii var. multiflorus S.Y.Bao, Fl. Yunnanica 15: 804 (2003)
species :
Juncus psammophilus L.A.S.Johnson; Telopea, 5(2): 314 (1993)
Distribution: Australia (New South Wales, Queensland, Victoria)
50 AUS
species :
Juncus punctorius L.fil.; Suppl. 208 (1781)
Distribution: Iran (W-Iran); Israel (N-Israel); Jordania (E-Jordania, S-Jordanian Desert); Lebanon (C-Lebanon); Saudi Arabia (Asir); Yemen; Sinai peninsula (S-Sinai); Egypt; Pakistan (Baluchistan, Sind, Baltistan); NW-India (Zanskar, Kashmir); Algeria; Libya; Morocco; N-Chad (Tibesti); Eritrea; Ethiopia; Somalia; Sudan; Kenya; Zimbabwe; South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, N-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Lesotho; Eswatini [Swaziland]; Namibia; Angola
20 ALG EGY LBY MOR 24 CHA ERI ETH SOM SUD 25 KEN 26 ANG ZIM 27 LES NAM SAF SWZ 34 IRN ISR JOR LEB SIN 35 SAU YEM 40 IND PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus exaltatus Decne., Ann. Sc. Nat. Ser. II. 2: (1834) 16
= Juncus exaltatus var. capensis Kunth, Enum. Pl. 3: 329 (1841)
= Juncus mauritanicus Trab., Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 34: (1887) 395
= Juncus punctorius ssp. mauritanicus Trab., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 34: 395 (1887)
= Juncus punctorius var. exaltatus (Decne.) Buchenau, Monogr. Junc. Cap: 428 (1875)
= Juncus punctorius var. mauritanicus (Trab.) Buchenau & Trab., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 12: 278 (1890)
= Juncus punctorius var. schimperi (Hochst. ex A.Rich.) Buchenau, Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 36: 163 (1906)
= Juncus schimperi Hochst., Flora, 24: (1841) I. Intell. 21 ex A. Rich.
species :
Juncus pusillus Buchenau; Bremen, Abh. 6: (1879) 395
Distribution: New Zealand
51 NZL
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus capillaceus Hook.fil., Fl. Nov.-Zel. 1: 264 (1853), nom. illeg.
species :
Juncus pygmaeus Rich.; Thuill., Fl. Paris ed. 2, 178 (1800)
Name: Zwerg-Binse (DE)
Distribution: Belgium; England; Corsica; Denmark; France; Germany (Mecklenburg-Vorpommern [I], Schleswig-Holstein); Netherlands; Spain; Italy; Croatia; Portugal; Sardinia; Sicily; Greece; Algeria; Libya; Morocco; Tunisia; Turkey (NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, W-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Lebanon (C-Lebanon); East Aegaean Isl.
10 DEN GRB 11 BGM GER NET 12 COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 CRO GRC ITA SIC 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN 34 CYP EAI LEB TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncinella pygmaea (Rich. ex Thuill.) Fourr., Ann. Soc. L. Lyon, N. S. 17: (1869) 171
= Juncus bicephalus Viv., Fl. Cors. Sp. Nov. 5 (1824)
= Juncus minae Strobl ex Nyman, Consp. 749 (1882)
= Juncus nanus Dubois, Method Eprouv. Pl. Fr. 276 (1803)
= Juncus pygmaeus f. lacustris (Lange) Fern.-Carv., An. Jard. Bot. Madrid, 39(2): 314 [1982] (1983)
= Juncus pygmaeus f. pumilus Glück, 625 (1911)
= Juncus pygmaeus f. submersus Glück, Biol. Morphol. Untersuch. Wasser- Sumpfgew. 3: 226 (1911)
= Juncus pygmaeus f. terrestris Glück, 321 (1923)
= Juncus pygmaeus var. bicephalus (Viv.) Buchenau, Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 36: 165 (1906)
= Juncus pygmaeus var. brachycarpus P.Candargy, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 44: 373 (1897)
= Juncus pygmaeus var. lacustris Lange, Bot. Tidsskr., II, 1: 276 (1872)
= Juncus pygmaeus var. umbelloides Holkema, Plantengr. Ned. Noordzee-Eil.: 115 (1870)
species :
Juncus pylaei Laharpe; Essai Monogr. Jonc.: 31 (1825)
Distribution: USA (Connecticut, Delaware, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, North Carolina, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, Vermont, Wisconsin, West Virginia)
74 USA 75 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus effusus var. costulatus Fernald, Rhodora 23: 239 (1921)
= Juncus effusus var. pylaei (Laharpe) Fernald & Wiegand, Rhodora 12: 92 (1910)
species :
Juncus radula Buchenau; Krit. Verz. Junc. 38 (1880)
Distribution: Australia (New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Victoria, Western Australia)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus radula var. laevior Buchenau, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 12: 241 (1890)
species :
Juncus ramboi Barros; Darwiniana, 11: 283 (1957)
subspecies :
subsp. ramboi
Distribution: SE-Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina)
84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus ramboi f. explicatus Barros, Darwiniana 11: 284 (1957)
subspecies :
subsp. colombianus Balslev; Brittonia, 35(3): 305 (1983)
Distribution: Colombia (Boyacá, Cundinamarca)
82 CLM
species :
Juncus ranarius Songeon & E.P.Perrier; P. C. Billot, Annot. Fl. France Allemagne: 192 (1859)
Name: Seaside rush (EN), Frosch-Binse (DE)
Distribution: Alaska; USA (Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Kansas, Massachusetts, Maine, Minnesota, Nebraska, New York, Wyoming); Canada (Labrador, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Québec, Saskatchewan); St. Pierre et Miquelon; Denmark; Finland; England; Iceland; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany (Brandenburg, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland [I], Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Switzerland; Baleares; Corsica; France; Sardinia; Spain; Portugal; Bulgaria; Italy; Romania; Sicily; Croatia; Albania; Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Crimea; W-European Russia; N-European Russia; C-European Russia; S-European Russia; Ukraine; Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia, NE-Siberia); Russian Far East (Amur, Kamchatka, Kuril Isl., Primorye, Sakhalin); Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Azerbaijan; Armenia; China; Mongolia; Kyrgyzstan; Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Tajikistan; Uzbekistan
10 DEN FIN GRB ICE IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN NET POL SWI 12 BAL COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BUL CRO ITA ROM SIC 14 BLR EST KRY LAT LIT RUS UKR 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 36 CHI 37 MON 70 ASK 71 CDN 72 CDN SPM 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus ambiguus Cope & Stace, Watsonia 12: 127 (1978), nom. illeg.
= Juncus ambiguus var. ossoraicus (Novikov) Novikov, Kharkev., Sosud. Rast. Sovet. Dal´nego Vostoka 1: 63 (1985)
= Juncus bufonius congestus Döll, Fl. Baden 1: 336 (1857)
= Juncus bufonius ssp. nastanthus (V.I.Krecz. & Gontsch.) Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung., 16(3-4): 366 [1970] (1971)
= Juncus bufonius ssp. ranarius (Songeon & E.P.Perrier) Hiitonen, Suom. Putkilok. (Enum. Pl. Vasc. Fenn. Or.): 22 (1934)
= Juncus bufonius var. fasciculatus Koch, Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv.: 732 (1837)
= Juncus bufonius var. halophilus Buchenau & Fernald, Rhodora 6: 39 (1904)
= Juncus bufonius var. ranarius (Songeon & E.P.Perrier) Farw., Pap. Michigan Acad. Sci. 19: 247 (1917), isonym
= Juncus bufonius var. ranarius (Songeon & E.P.Perrier) Syme, 35 (1870)
= Juncus hybridus ssp. nastanthus (V.I.Krecz. & Gontsch.) Novikov, Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast., 15: 83 (1979)
= Juncus nastanthus V.I.Krecz. & Gontsch., Kom., Fl. URSS, 3: 517, 624 (1935)
= Juncus ranarius var. ossoraicus Novikov, Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 19: 53 (1982)
= Tenageia ranaria (Songeon & E.P.Perrier) Fourr., Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, n. s., 17: 172 (1869)
species :
Juncus ratkowskyanus L.A.S.Johnson; Aspects Tasmanian Bot. - Tribute Winifred Curtis (ed. M. R. Banks et al.): 43 (1991)
Distribution: Australia (Tasmania)
50 AUS
species :
Juncus rechingeri Snogerup; Fl. Iran., 75: 19 (1971)
Distribution: N- & E-Spain; Tajikistan; Pakistan; Afghanistan (Ghazni, Kabul, Paktia / Khost); Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia); Iran (EC-Iran, S-Iran, W-Iran)
12 SPA 32 TZK 34 AFG IRN TUR 40 PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus bufonius var. rechingeri (Snogerup) Jafri, Fl. Pakistan, 138: 6 (1981)
species :
Juncus regelii Buchenau; Bot. Jahrb. 12: (1890) 414
Name: Regel´s rush
Distribution: USA (California, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, Washington State, Wyoming); Canada (Alberta, British Columbia)
71 CDN 73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus jonesii Rydb., Fl. Rocky Mts 153 (1917)
species :
Juncus remotiflorus L.A.S.Johnson; Telopea, 5(2): 315 (1993)
Distribution: Australia (New South Wales, Queensland, Victoria)
50 AUS
species :
Juncus repens Michx.; Fl. Bor. Am. 1: 191 (1803)
Name: Lesser creeping rush
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia); Mexico (Tabasco); Cuba
74 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX 81 CUB
Synonyms: hidden
= Cephaloxys flabellata Desv., Journ. Bot. 1: (1808) 324
= Juncus subincurvus Steud., Syn. Pl. Cyp. 303 (1855)
= Tristemon repens (Michx.) Raf., Autikon Bot. 190 (1840)
species :
Juncus requienii Parl.; Fl. Ital. 2: 346 (1857)
Distribution: Corsica
12 COR
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus alpinus ssp. requienii (Parl.) Arcang., Comp. Fl. Ital. 716 (1882)
= Juncus alpinus ssp. requienii (Parl.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur. 748 (1882)
= Juncus alpinus var. requienii (Parl.) Husn., Joncées: 15 (1908)
species :
Juncus revolutus R.Br.; Prod. 259 (1810)
Distribution: Australia (New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus brownii F.Muell., Linnaea, 26: 1853 (1855) 215
species :
Juncus rhotangensis Goel & Aswal; Indian J. Forest. 10: 262 (1987)
Distribution: Tibet; Nepal; NW-India (Jammu & Kashmir)
36 TIB 40 IND NEP
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus nigroviolaceus K.F.Wu, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 32(5): 448, f. 2, 10-12 (1994)
= Juncus sikkimensis var. monocephalus Hook.fil., Fl. Brit. India 6: 399 (1892)
species :
Juncus rigidus Desf.; Fl. Atl. 1: 312 (1798)
Distribution: Italy; Sardinia; Sicily; Afghanistan (Herat, Kandahar); Turkmenistan; Tajikistan; Uzbekistan; Pakistan; Algeria; Libya; Morocco; Tunisia; Mali; Niger; Senegal; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; N-Chad; Soqotra; Somalia; Sudan; Angola; Malawi; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe; Botswana; South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, N-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Lesotho; Eswatini [Swaziland]; Namibia (incl. Caprivi Strip); Turkey (S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia); Bahrain; Cyprus (E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus); Egypt (Desert Oases, Eastern Desert, Great Southwestern Desert, NE-Egypt, Nile Delta, Nile Valley, NW-coastal Egypt, SE-Egypt); Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., W-Iran); Iraq (NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia, S-Iraq, W-Iraq: Desert); Israel (Rift Valley, N-Israel, coastal W-Israel); Jordania (E-Jordania, S-Jordania); Kuwait; Oman (Dhofar); Qatar; Saudi Arabia (C-Saudi Arabia, Midyan, Asir, Nejd Desert, NE-Saudi Arabia, N-Saudi Arabia); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, N-Sinai, S-Sinai); United Arab Emirates
12 SAR 13 ITA SIC 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 22 MLI NGR SEN 23 ZAI 24 CHA SOC SOM SUD 26 ANG MLW MOZ ZAM ZIM 27 BOT LES NAM SAF SWZ 32 TKM TZK UZB 34 AFG CYP IRN IRQ ISR JOR SIN TUR 35 BAR KUW OMA QAT SAU UAE 40 PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus arabicus (Asch. & Buchenau ex Boiss.) Adamson, Journ. L. Soc., Bot. I. 10 (1935)
= Juncus maritimus ssp. rigidus (Desf.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 745 (1882)
= Juncus maritimus var. arabicus Asch. & Buchenau ex Boiss., Fl. 5: 354 (1882)
= Juncus maritimus var. biancae Lojac., Fl. Sicul. 3: 152 (1909)
= Juncus maritimus var. rigidus (Desf.) Rouy, G. Rouy & J. Foucaud, Fl. France 13: 231 (1912)
= Juncus nevskii V.I.Krecz. & Gontsch., Kom., Fl. URSS, 3: 545, 629 (1935)
= Juncus procerus Bianca, Atti Acc. Gioenia Sci. Nat. Catania, II, 3: 65 (1846), nom. illeg.
species :
Juncus roemerianus Scheele; Linnaea, 22: (1849) 348
Name: Needlegrass rush
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Texas, Virginia); Bahamas; Haiti; Bermuda
77 USA 78 USA 81 BAH BER HIS
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus acutus Torr., Comp. Fl. N. Midd. Stat. (1826) 156
species :
Juncus rugosus Steud.; Syn. Pl. Cyp. 298 (1855)
Distribution: S- & W-Portugal; SW-Spain
12 POR SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus acutiflorus ssp. rugosus (Steud.) Cout., Fl. Fort. 118 (1913)
= Juncus sylvaticus ssp. rugosus (Steud.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 747 (1882)
= Juncus acutiflorus var. rugosus (Steud.) Cout., Bol. Soc. Brot. 8: 116 (1890)
species :
Juncus rugulosus Engelm.; Bot. Gaz. 6: 224 (1881)
Name: Wrinkled rush
Distribution: USA (California); Mexico (Baja California Norte)
76 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus dubius f. rugulosus (Engelm.) Hoover, Leafl. W. Bot. 10: 340 (1966)
species :
Juncus rupestris Kunth; Enum. Pl. 3: 344 (1841)
Distribution: South Africa (N-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus rupestris f. gracilis Buchenau, Monogr. Junc. Cap: 442 (1875)
= Juncus rupestris f. robusta Buchenau, Monogr. Junc. Cap: 442 (1875)
species :
Juncus salsuginosus Turcz.; Bull. Soc. Nat. Mosc. 28: (1855) I. 304 ex E. Mey.
Distribution: Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); China (Xinjiang); Mongolia; Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan
30 SIB 32 KAZ KGZ TZK 36 CHI 37 MON
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus bulbosus var. salsuginosus (Turcz. ex E.Mey.) Regel, Bjull. Moskovsk. Obsc. Isp. Prir., Otd. Biol. 4: 272 (1868)
= Juncus gerardi ssp. salsuginosus (Turcz. ex E.Mey.) Printz, Veg. Siber.-Mongol. Front.: 177 (1921)
= Juncus gerardi var. salsuginosus (Turcz. ex E.Mey.) Buchenau, Pflanzenr. 25(IV. 36): 113 (1906)
= Juncus salsuginosus ssp. tuvinicus Kovt., Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast., et in Fl. Sibir. (Arac.-Orchidac.): 24: 49 (1987)
= Juncus salsuginosus var. tuvinicus (Kovt.) Novikov, Byull. Mosk. Obshch. Ispyt. Prir., Biol., 95(5): 114 (1990)
species :
Juncus sandwithii Lourteig; Publ. Com. Nat. Franc. Rech. Antarct., Biol., 23: 44 (1968)
Distribution: Australia (New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania); New Guinea (Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG 50 AUS
species :
Juncus sarophorus L.A.S.Johnson; Contrib. N. S. Wales Nat. Herb. 3: 242 (1963)
Distribution: Australia (South Australia, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania); New Zealand (incl. Stewart Isl.); Chatham Isl.
50 AUS 51 CTM NZL
species :
Juncus saximontanus A.Nelson; Bull. Torr. Bot. Club, 401 (1902)
Name: Rocky Mountain rush
Distribution: Alaska; USA (Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, New Mexico, Nevada, Oregon, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Washington State, Wyoming); Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Saskatchewan); Guatemala; Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Sonora)
70 ASK 71 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX 80 GUA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus arcticus var. montanus (Engelm.) Welsh, Andersons Flora of Alaska, p. 611 (1974)
= Juncus balticus var. montanus Engelm., Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 2: 242 (1866)
= Juncus brunnescens Rydb., Bull. Torr. Bot. Club 31: 400 (1904)
= Juncus ensifolius var. brunnescens (Rydb.) Cronquist
= Juncus ensifolius var. montanus (Engelm.) C.L.Hitchc., Vasc. Pl. Pacific Northw. 1: 195 (1969)
= Juncus mertensianus var. paniculatus Engelm., Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 2: 479 (1868)
= Juncus parvus Rydb., Bull. Torr. Bot. Club 31: 401 (1904)
= Juncus saximontanus f. brunnescens (Rydb.) F.J.Herm., J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 30: 218 (1940)
= Juncus saximontanus var. robustior Peck, Torreya 28: 54 (1928)
= Juncus xiphioides var. montanus Engelm., Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 2: 481 (1868)
species :
Juncus scabriusculus Kunth; Enum. Pl. 3: 354 (1841)
Distribution: South Africa (N-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus scabriusculus var. subglandulosus (Steud.) Buchenau, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 12: 458 (1890)
= Juncus subglandulosus Steud., Syn. Pl. Cyp. 303 (1855)
species :
Juncus scheuchzerioides Gaudich.; Ann. Sc. Nat. Ser. I. 5: (1825) 100
Distribution: South Georgia Isl.; Falkland Isl.; Iles Crozet; Iles Kerguélen; Marion Isl.; Prince Edward Isl.; Auckland Isl.; Campbell Isl.; Macquarie Isl.; Antipodes Isl.; Argentina (Chubut, Mendoza, Neuquen, Santa Cruz, Tierra del Fuego); Chile (Atacama, Coquimbo, Valparaiso, O´Higgins, Los Lagos, Aisen, Magallanes, Reg. Metropolitana); New Zealand (incl. Stewart Isl.); Chatham Isl.; Auckland Isl.
51 ATP AUC CTM NZL 85 ARG CLE 91 CMP CRZ FAL KEG MAQ MPE SGE
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus inconspicuus d´Urv., Mem. Soc. L. Par. 4: (1826) 603
= Juncus scheuchzerioides var. inconspicuus (d´Urv.) Hook.fil., Fl. Antarct. 1: 80 (1844)
species :
Juncus scirpoides Lam.; Encyc. 3: 267 (1789)
Name: Needlepod rush
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, District of Columbia, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Michigan, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, Nebraska, New Jersey, New York, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, Wisconsin, West Virginia)
74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus echinatus Elliott, Sketch, 1: 410 (1817)
= Juncus macrostemon J.Gay ex Laharpe, Mem. Soc. Hist. Nat. Par. 3: (1827) 140
= Juncus nodosus var. multiflorus Torr., Fl. New York 2: 326 (1847), nom. superfl.
= Juncus polycephalus var. tenuifolius Michx., Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 193 (1803)
= Juncus scirpoides brachystylus Engelm., Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 2: 468 (1868)
= Juncus scirpoides macrostylus Engelm., Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 2: 468 (1868)
= Juncus scirpoides var. carolinianus Coville, Mem. Torr. Bot. Club 5: 107 (1894), nom. superfl.
= Juncus scirpoides var. compositus R.M.Harper, Bull. Torr. Bot. Club 33: 233 (1906)
= Juncus scirpoides var. echinatus Engelm., A. Gray, Manual, ed. 5, 543 (1867), nom. superfl.
= Juncus scirpoides var. macrostemon (J.Gay ex Laharpe) Engelm., A. Gray, Manual, ed. 5, 543 (1867)
= Juncus scirpoides var. meridionalis Buchenau
= Tristemon echinatum (Elliott) Raf., Autikon Bot. 190 (1840)
species :
Juncus secundus P.Beauv. ex Poir.; Encyc. Suppl. 3: 160 (1813)
Name: Lopsided rush
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Missouri, North Carolina, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, Vermont, West Virginia); Canada (Nova Scotia, Ontario); Russian Far East [I]
31 rfe 72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus tenuis var. secundus (P.Beauv. ex Poir.) Engelm., Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 2: 450 (1866)
species :
Juncus semisolidus L.A.S.Johnson; Telopea, 5(2): 316 (1993)
Distribution: Australia (Victoria, New South Wales)
50 AUS
species :
Juncus setchuensis Buchenau; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 36(5, Beibl. 82): 17-18 (1905), et Engl. Pflanzenreich, Juncac. 142 (1906)
Distribution: China (Shandong, Jiangsu, Anhui, Zhejiang, Jiangxi, Fujian, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Guangdong, Guangxi, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan); Tibet; North Korea; South Korea; Japan (Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu)
36 CHI TIB 38 JAP KOR NKO
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus setchuensis var. effusoides Buchenau, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 82(36): 18 (1905)
= Juncus setchuensis var. compactus Satake, J. Fac. Sci. Univ. Tokyo, Sect. 3, Bot. 4(2): 180 (1933)
= Juncus setchuensis f. compactus (Satake) Satake, Nov. Fl. Jap. 1: 30 (1938)
species :
Juncus sherei Miyam. & H.Ohba; J. Jap. Bot., 72(5): 293 (1997)
Distribution: Nepal; NE-India; ?Tibet
40 IND NEP
species :
Juncus sikkimensis Hook.fil.; Fl. Brit. Ind. 6: (1892) 400; et in Hook. Icon. pl. 23: (1892) t. 2235
Distribution: China (Gansu, Qinghai, Sichuan, Yunnan); Tibet; N-India (incl. Sikkim, Chumbi); Nepal; Bhutan
36 CHI TIB 40 BHU IND NEP
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus pseudocastaneus (Lingelsh.) Sam., Hand.-Mazz., Symb. Sin. 7: 1230 (1936)
= Juncus sikkimensis var. pseudocastaneus Lingelsh., Fedde, Repert., Beih. 12: 316 (1922)
species :
Juncus socotranus (Buchenau) Snogerup; Willdenowia, et in Fl. Iran (ed. Assadi et al.), 23(1-2): 49 (1993); 10: 10 (1993)
Distribution: Soqotra; Iran; United Arab Emirates; Oman; Saudi Arabia; Yemen
24 SOC 34 IRN 35 OMA SAU UAE YEM
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus maritimus var. socotranus Buchenau, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 12: 258 (1890)
species :
Juncus soranthus Schrenk; Bull. Phys.-Math. Acad. Petersb. 2: (1843) 193
Distribution: Afghanistan (Faryab); S-European Russia; Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Kazakhstan; Uzbekistan; Mongolia; ?China (?Xinjiang)
14 RUS 30 SIB 32 KAZ UZB 33 ARM NCS 34 AFG 37 MON
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus bulbosus var. soranthus (Schrenk) Regel, Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 41(2): 272 (1868)
= Juncus compressus var. coarctatus E.Mey. ex Buchenau, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 12: 186 (1890)
= Juncus gerardi ssp. soranthus (Schrenk) K.Richt., Pl. Eur. 1: 177 (1890)
= Juncus gerardi ssp. soranthus (Schrenk) Snogerup, Rech. fil., Fl. Iran. 75: 14 (1971), isonym
species :
Juncus sorrentinii Parl.; Fl. Ital. 2: 356 (1857)
Distribution: Corsica; Portugal; Sardinia; Spain; Sicily; Algeria; Morocco; Tunisia; Madeira [I] (Madeira Isl. [I])
12 COR POR SAR SPA 13 SIC 20 ALG MOR TUN 21 mdr
Remarks: bufonius agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus bufonius var. sorrentinii (Parl.) Husn., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 55: 50 (1908)
= Juncus bufonius var. condensatus Cout., Bol. Soc. Brot. 8: 102 (1890)
= Juncus sorrentinii var. bicephalus Lojac., Fl. Sicul. 3: 165 (1909)
species :
Juncus sparganiifolius Boiss. & Kotschy ex Buchenau; Krit. Verz. Juncaceen 88 (1880)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Juncus spectabilis Rendle; J. Bot. 44: 46 (1906)
Distribution: Tibet
36 TIB
species :
Juncus sphacelatus Decne.; Jacquem., Voy. 4, Bot. 172, t. 172 (1835)
Distribution: N-India (Kashmir, Zanskar, Sikkim, Chumbi, etc.); Nepal; Bhutan; China (Sichuan, Yunnan, Qinghai); Tibet
36 CHI TIB 40 BHU IND NEP
species :
Juncus sphaerocarpus Nees; Flora (Regensb.) 1: 521 (1818)
Name: Kugelfrucht-Binse, Kugelfrüchtige Binse (DE)
Distribution: Albania; Austria; Czech Republic; Slovakia; France; Germany (Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, +Hessen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Greece; Spain; Hungary; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Serbia & Kosovo; Montenegro; Macedonia; Portugal; Ukraine; Crimea; E-European Russia; Georgia [Caucasus]; Northern Caucasus; Azerbaijan (Talysh); Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Tajikistan; China (Xinjiang); NW-India (Jammu & Kashmir); Afghanistan (Parwan); Algeria; Morocco; Tunisia; N-Somalia; Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, S-Cyprus); Iran (N-Iran, S-Iran, W-Iran); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia); Israel (coastal W-Israel, N-Israel); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); East Aegaean Isl.
11 AUT CZE GER HUN SLO 12 FRA POR SPA 13 ALB BIH GRC MNT NMA SRB 14 KRY RUS UKR 20 ALG MOR TUN 24 SOM 30 SIB 32 KAZ TKM TZK UZB 33 AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR LEB TUR 36 CHI 40 IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus acicularis H.Roux, Cat. Pl. Provence 573 (1892)
= Juncus amuricus var. wui Novikov, Byull. Moskovsk. Obshch. Isp. Prir., Otd. Biol. 103(4): 66 (1998)
= Juncus haussknechtii Ruhmer, Jahrb. Königl. Bot. Gart. Berlin 1: 257 (1881)
= Juncus subglobosus K.F.Wu, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 32(5): 451-452, f. 2, 5-9 (1994) [non Moss ex Adamson 1935]
= Juncus tenageia f. pallidus Neilr., Fl. Nied.-Österr. 1: 150 (1859)
= Juncus tenageia ssp. acicularis (H.Roux) Bonnier & Layens, Tabl. Syn. Pl. Vasc. France: 321 (1894)
= Juncus tenageia ssp. sphaerocarpus (Nees) Trab., J. A. Batt. & al., Fl. Algérie, Monocot.: 90 (1895)
= Juncus tenageia var. intermedius Gaudin, Fl. Helv. 2: 559 (1828)
= Juncus tenageia var. sphaerocarpus (Nees) Cariot & St.-Lag., Étude Fl., ed. 8, 2: 843 (1889)
= Tenageia sphaerocarpa (Nees) Rchb., Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 9: t. 416, f. 924 (1847)
species :
Juncus spumosus Noltie; Edinburgh J. Bot., 51(2): 139 (1994)
Distribution: China (Yunnan); Bhutan
36 CHI 40 BHU
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus biluoshanensis K.F.Wu, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 32(5): 463-465, f. 6, 8-11 (1994)
species :
Juncus squarrosus L.; Sp. Pl. 327 (1753)
Name: Sparrige Binse (DE), Mosquito rush (EN)
Distribution: Austria; Belgium; Luxembourg; England; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Denmark; France; Germany (Brandenburg, +Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Ireland; Switzerland; Netherlands; Andorra; Spain; Iceland; Italy; Portugal; Norway; Poland; Croatia; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; C-European Russia; N-European Russia; N-Ukraine; Belarus; Sweden; Morocco; USA [I] (Wisconsin [I]); Greenland [I]; Australia [I] (Tasmania [I]); Seychelles [I]; New Zealand [I]
10 DEN GRB ICE IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 ADO FRA POR SPA 13 CRO ITA 14 BLR EST LAT LIT RUS UKR 20 MOR 29 sey 50 aus 51 nzl 70 gnl 74 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus ellmanii C.E.Hubb., Sandwith & Turrill, Kew Bull. 1928: 153 (1928)
= Juncus sprengelii Willd., Prod. Fl. Berl. 125 (1787)
= Juncus squarrosus f. pallescens (A.F.Schwarz) Vollm., 132 (1914)
= Juncus squarrosus ssp. ellmanii (C.E.Hubb., Sandwith & Turrill) Maire & Weiller, Fl. Afr. Nord 4: 268 (1957)
= Juncus squarrosus var. glomeratus Hartm., Handb. Skand. Fl.: 140 (1820)
= Juncus squarrosus var. longibracteatus Zapal., Consp. Fl. Gallic. Crit. 1: 130 (1906)
= Juncus squarrosus var. pallescens A.F.Schwarz, 804 (1902)
= Juncus squarrosus var. pumilus Alpers, 373 (1875)
= Juncus strictus Lucé, Topog. Nachr. Oesel, 107 (1823)
species :
Juncus stenopetalus Adamson; Journ. S. Afr. Bot. 8: 273 (1942)
Distribution: South Africa (N-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus sprengelii Nees ex Buchenau, Monogr. Junc. Cap: 449 (1875), nom. illeg.
= Juncus sprengelii var. gracilior Buchenau, Monogr. Junc. Cap: 449 (1875)
= Juncus sprengelii var. robustior Buchenau, Monogr. Junc. Cap: 449 (1875)
species :
Juncus stipulatus Nees & Meyen; Nov. Act. Nat. Cur. 19: Suppl. 1: (1843) 126
Distribution: Argentina (Catamarca, Chubut, Jujuy, La Rioja, Mendoza, Neuquen, Rio Negro, Salta, Santa Cruz, San Juan, Tierra del Fuego, Tucuman); Chile (Tarapaca, Antofagasta, Atacama, Coquimbo, Valparaiso, O´Higgins, Maule, Bio Bio, Araucania, Los Lagos, Aisen, Magallanes, Reg. Metropolitana); Bolivia (La Paz, Oruro, Tarija); Peru; Ecuador; Colombia (Boyacá, Caldas, Cauca, Cundinamarca, Meta, Nariño, Putumayo, Risaralda)
82 CLM 83 BOL ECU PER 85 ARG CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus biflorus Phil., Anal. Univ. Chil. (1873) 552
= Juncus corralensis Phil., Linnaea, 33: 1864 (1865) 269
= Juncus mandonii Buchenau, Bremen, Abh. 4: (1874) 121
= Juncus microcephalus var. pusillus E.Mey., C. Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 1: 142 (1827)
= Juncus oliganthus Phil., Linnaea, 29: 1857 (1858) 75
= Juncus stipulatus var. corralensis (Phil.) Buchenau, Junc. S. Amer.: 394 (1879)
variant :
var. chilensis (Gay) Kirschner; Preslia 74: 251 (2002)
Distribution: Bolivia; Peru; Argentina (Jujuy); Chile
83 BOL PER 85 ARG CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus chilensis Gay, Fl. Chil. 6: 146 (1854)
= Juncus gayanus Steud., Syn. Pl. Cyp. 300 (1855)
= Juncus depauperatus Phil., Fl. Atacam.: 53 (1860), nom. illeg.
species :
Juncus striatus Schousb. ex E.Mey.; Syn. Junc. 27 (1822)
Distribution: France; Corsica; Greece; Spain; Italy; Portugal; European Turkey; Algeria; Morocco; Azores (Sao Miguel Isl.); Canary Isl. (Gran Canaria)
12 COR FRA POR SPA 13 GRC ITA TUE 20 ALG MOR 21 AZO CNY
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus asper Sauze-Maill., Cat. Pl. Deux-Sevres, 52 (1864)
= Juncus clausonis Trab., J. A. Batt. & al., Fl. Algérie, Monocot.: 84 (1895)
= Juncus gibraltaricus Salzm. ex Buchenau, Krit. Verz. Junc. 21 (1842)
= Juncus luctuosus Sennen, Diagn. Nouv.: 223 (1936)
= Juncus striatus var. capitulatus Lojac., Fl. Sicul. 3: 160 (1909)
= Juncus striatus var. prolifer Parl., Fl. Ital. 2: 344 (1852)
= Juncus striatus var. pygmaeus Lojac., Fl. Sicul. 3: 160 (1909)
= Juncus striatus var. radicans Lojac., Fl. Sicul. 3: 160 (1909)
= Phylloschoenus striatus (Schousb. ex E.Mey.) Fourr., Ann. Soc. L. Lyon, N. S. 17: (1869) 172
species :
Juncus stygius L.; Syst. Nat. ed. 10, 2: 987 (1759)
subspecies :
subsp. stygius
Name: Moor-Binse (DE)
Distribution: Finland; +S-Germany (+Bayern, +Baden-Württemberg); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Norway; Poland; W-European Russia; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; N-European Russia; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Sweden; Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia, NE-Siberia); Belarus; Russian Far East (Kamchatka, Kuril Isl., Magadan, Primorye); North Korea
10 FIN NOR SWE 11 GER LIE POL SWI 14 BLR EST LAT LIT RUS 30 SIB 31 RFE 38 NKO
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus stygius f. grossii (Abrom. ex Suess.) Abrom., 1089 (1940)
= Juncus stygius ssp. grossii Abrom., Verbr. Pfl. Deutschl. ed. 10 136 (1938)
subspecies :
subsp. americanus (Buchenau) Hultén; Acta Univ. Lund., n. s., 39(2): 430 (1943)
Name: Moor rush
Distribution: Alaska; USA (Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, New Hampshire, New York, Wisconsin, Wyoming); Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Labrador, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Northern Territories, Nunavut, Ontario, Québec, Saskatchewan, Yukon); St. Pierre et Miquelon
70 ASK CDN 71 CDN 72 CDN SPM 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus stygius var. americanus Buchenau, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 12: 393 (1890)
species :
Juncus subcaudatus (Engelm.) Coville & Blake; Proc. Biol Soc Wash, 31: 45 (1918)
Name: Woodland rush
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Georgia, Illinois, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Missouri, North Carolina, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia); Canada (Newfoundland, Nova Scotia); St. Pierre et Miquelon
72 CDN SPM 74 USA 75 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus canadensis var. subcaudatus Engelm., A. Gray, Manual, ed. 5, 543 (1867)
= Juncus subcaudatus var. planisepalus Fernald, Rhodora 23: 241 (1922)
species :
Juncus subglaucus L.A.S.Johnson; Telopea, 5(2): 317 (1993)
Distribution: Australia (New South Wales, Queensland)
50 AUS
species :
Juncus subnodulosus Schrank; Baier. Fl. 1: 616 (1789)
Name: Stumpfblütige Binse, Knoten-Binse (DE), Bluntflower rush (EN)
Distribution: Austria; Belgium; Luxembourg; Baleares; England; Channel Isl.; Bulgaria; Corsica; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Denmark; France; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, +Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Greece; Crete; Ireland; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Netherlands; Spain; Hungary; Italy; San Marino; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Serbia & Kosovo; Montenegro; Macedonia; Slovenia; Croatia; Portugal; Poland; Romania; Latvia; Estonia; Ukraine; Sardinia; Sicily; Sweden; Australia [I] (South Australia [I]); New Zealand [I]; Algeria; Morocco; Tunisia; Turkey (Inner Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia); European Turkey; Iraq (NE-Iraq); Syria; USA [I] (Massachusetts [I])
10 DEN GRB IRE SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 BAL CIS COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KRI MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SMA SRB TUE 14 EST LAT UKR 20 ALG MOR TUN 34 IRQ SYR TUR 50 aus 51 nzl 75 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus alpinus var. erectus Racib., Spraw. Komis. Fizjogr. 22(2): 17 (1888)
= Juncus articulatus ssp. sylvaticus (L.) Bonnier & Layens, 321 (1894)
= Juncus articulatus ssp. sylvaticus (L.) Ehrh., 220 (1780)
= Juncus articulatus var. sylvaticus L., Syst. Nat. ed. 12: 250 (1767)
= Juncus bifolius Hoppe, Taschenb. (1810) 163
= Juncus divaricatus D.Wolff, Fl. Wirceb. 28 (1810)
= Juncus divergens W.D.J.Koch, Koch & Ziz, Cat. 8, 19 (1814)
= Juncus erectus Besser, Prim. Fl. Galiciae Austriac. 1: 241 (1809), nom. illeg.
= Juncus neesii F.Heller, Fl. Wirceb., Suppl.: 27 (1815)
= Juncus obtusatus Kit. ex Schult., Oestr. Fl. 1: 566 (1814)
= Juncus obtusiflorus coarctatus G.Mey., Chloris Han.: 565 (1836), nom. inval.
= Juncus obtusiflorus condensatus Cout., Bol. Soc. Brot. 8: 111 (1890)
= Juncus obtusiflorus Ehrh. ex Hoffm., Deutschl. Fl. 125 (1791)
= Juncus obtusiflorus f. prolifer Seeland, 113 (1940), nom. inval.
= Juncus obtusiflorus f. schillingeri (G.Fisch.) Hegi, 166 (1909)
= Juncus obtusiflorus f. semimersus Glück, 321 (1923)
= Juncus obtusiflorus f. submersus Glück, 320 (1923)
= Juncus obtusiflorus f. terrestris Glück, 321 (1923)
= Juncus obtusiflorus var. confertus Döll, 180 (1843)
= Juncus obtusiflorus var. congestus Tourlet, 518 (1908)
= Juncus obtusiflorus var. laxus M.Mandon & Foucaud, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 47: 98 (1900)
= Juncus obtusiflorus var. rubellus Erdner, Ber. Naturwiss. Vereins Schwaben Neuburg 39-40: 114 (1911)
= Juncus obtusiflorus var. schillingeri G.Fisch., Mitt. Bayer. Bot. Ges. 1(25): 268 (1902)
= Juncus obtusiflorus var. viviparus Schur, 69 (1851), nom. inval.
= Juncus pervetus Fernald, Rhodora, 19: 17 (1917)
= Juncus retroflexus Rafn, Fl. Dan. t. 1872 (1800)
= Juncus subnodulosus f. coarctatus (G.Mey.) Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung., 16(3-4): 366 [1970] (1971)
= Juncus subnodulosus var. condensatus (Cout.) Fern.-Carv., An. Jard. Bot. Madrid, 39(2): 310 [1982] (1983)
= Juncus subnodulosus var. schillingeri (G.Fisch.) Vollm., 135 (1914)
= Juncus sylvaticus (L.) Reichard, Fl. Moeno-Francof. 2: 181 (1778), nom. illeg.
species :
Juncus subsecundus N.A.Wakef.; Vict. Nat. 73: 211 (1957)
Distribution: Australia (South Australia, Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania); New Zealand [I]
50 AUS 51 nzl
species :
Juncus subtilis E.Mey.; Syn. Luzul. 31 (1823)
Name: Greater creeping rush
Distribution: USA (Maine, Minnesota); Canada (Labrador, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nunavut, Ontario, Québec); Greenland
70 CDN GNL 72 CDN 75 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus pelocarpus var. subtilis (E.Mey.) Engelm., A. Gray, Manual, ed. 5: 541 (1867)
= Juncus uliginosus var. subtilis (E.Mey.) Hook., Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 191 (1838)
= Tristemon striatum Raf., Autik. Bot.: 191 (1840)
species :
Juncus subulatus Forssk.; Fl. Aegypt. 75 (1775)
Name: Herzblütige Binse (DE); Somerset Rush (EN)
Distribution: Albania; Baleares; Corsica; Crete; France; Greece; Spain; Italy; ; Macedonia; Portugal; Sardinia; Sicily; England [I]; Algeria; Libya; Morocco; Tunisia; Turkmenistan; Tajikistan; Uzbekistan; Azerbaijan; Turkey (NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Cyprus (E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Egypt (Desert Oases, Great Southwestern Desert, NE-Egypt, Nile Delta, Nile Valley, NW-coastal Egypt); Iran (S-Iran); Iraq (SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, N-Negev Desert, Negev Desert); Saudi Arabia (Asir); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, N-Sinai); Syria (C-Syrian Desert)
10 grb 12 BAL COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB GRC ITA KRI NMA SIC 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 32 TKM TZK UZB 33 AZE 34 CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR SIN SYR TUR 35 SAU
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus multiflorus Desf., Fl. Atlant. 1: 313. t. 91 (1798) non Retz.
= Juncus multiflorus subvar. salinus (Durieu) Coss. & Durieu, Expl. Sci. Algérie 2: 263 (1868)
= Juncus multiflorus var. siculus (Tineo) Lojac., Fl. Sicul. 3: 156 (1909)
= Juncus salinus Durieu, Expl. Sci. Algérie 1: t. 43 (1849)
= Juncus siculus Tineo ex Lojac., Fl. Sic. 3: 156 (1909)
= Juncus siculus Tineo, Guss. Fl. Sic. Syn. 2: 888 (1844)
= Juncus subulatus f. salinus (Durieu) Maire, Fl. Afr. Nord 4: 284 (1957)
= Juncus subulatus ssp. siculus (Tineo) K.Richt., Pl. Eur. 1: 176 (1890)
= Tenageia multiflora Fourr., Ann. Soc. L. Lyon, N. S. 17: (1869) 172
species :
Juncus subulitepalus Balslev; Fl. Neotrop., 68: 136 (1996)
Distribution: Ecuador; Peru; Bolivia (La Paz)
83 BOL ECU PER
species :
Juncus supiniformis Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sc. St. Louis, 2: (1868) 461
Name: Hairyleaf rush
Distribution: Alaska; USA (California, Oregon, Washington State); Canada (British Columbia)
70 ASK 71 CDN 73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus oreganus S.Watson, Proc. Am. Acad. 23: (1888) 267
= Juncus paucicapitatus Buchenau, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 12: 367 (1890)
species :
Juncus taonanensis Satake & Kitag.; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 48: 610, f. 17 (1934)
Distribution: China (Hebei, Heilongjiang, Jiangsu, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Shandong)
36 CHI
species :
Juncus tenageia Ehrh. ex L.fil.; Suppl. 208; et Beitr. 1: 181 (1781)
subspecies :
subsp. tenageia
Name: Sand-Binse (DE)
Distribution: Albania; Austria; Belgium; Bulgaria; Corsica; Czech Republic; France; Germany (Brandenburg, +Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, +Hessen, +Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, +Saarland, +Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Netherlands; Spain; Hungary; Italy; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Serbia & Kosovo; Montenegro; Macedonia; Slovenia; Croatia; Portugal; Poland; Ukraine; E-European Russia; Sardinia; Sicily; Northern Caucasus; Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, W-Anatolia); Cyprus; European Turkey; Greece; East Aegaean Isl.; Kazakhstan; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Eritrea
11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN NET POL SWI 12 COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA MNT NMA SIC SLV SRB TUE 14 RUS UKR 20 ALG MOR TUN 24 ERI 32 KAZ 33 NCS 34 CYP EAI TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus gracilis Lej., Fl. Spa 1: 166 (1811), nom. illeg.
= Juncus tenageia f. filiformis (Gaudin) Suess., 195 (1939)
= Juncus tenageia f. intermedius (Gaudin) Suess., 195 (1939)
= Juncus tenageia f. pauciflorus Albert, Cat. Pl. Vasc. Dép. Var: 501 (1908)
= Juncus tenageia f. racemosus (Gaudin) Suess., 195 (1939)
= Juncus tenageia f. strictus (Gaudin) Suess., 195 (1939)
= Juncus tenageia var. brunneus Neilr., Fl. Nied.-Österr. 1: 150 (1859)
= Juncus tenageia var. filiformis Gaudin, Fl. Helv. 2: 551 (1828)
= Juncus tenageia var. racemosus Gaudin, Fl. Helv. 2: 559 (1828)
= Juncus tenageia var. strictus Gaudin, Fl. Helv. 2: 559 (1828)
= Juncus vaillantii Thuill., Fl. Par. 1: 177 (1790)
= Tenageia vaillantii (Thuill.) Rchb., Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 9: 29 (1847)
subspecies :
subsp. perpusillus Fern.-Carv. & F.Navarro; Publ. Dep. Bot. Fac. Farm. (Salamanca), 1: 28 (1979)
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; ?Morocco
12 POR SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus perpusillus (Fern.-Carv. & F.Navarro) Rivas Mart., Fern.Gonz. & D.Sánchez, Conserv. Techn. Bot. Gard. (ed. J. E. Hernández Bermejo et al.): 183 (1990), non Sam. (1936)
= Juncus tenageia f. depauperatus Cout., Bol. Soc. Brot. 8: 101 (1890)
= Juncus tenageia f. nanus Cout., Fl. Portug., ed. 2: 140 (1939), nom. inval.
= Juncus tenageia var. minutus Esteve & Prieto, Veg. Sierra Nevada: 82, 185 (1971), nom. inval.
species :
Juncus tenuis Willd.; Sp. Pl. 2: 214 (1799)
Name: Poverty rush (EN); Zarte Binse (DE)
Distribution: Alaska; USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Iowa, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, Montana, North Carolina, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, Nevada, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Vermont, Washington State, Wisconsin, West Virginia, Wyoming); Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Labrador, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Northern Territories, Ontario, Prince Edward Isl., Québec, Saskatchewan); St. Pierre et Miquelon; Mexico (Aguascalientes, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Nayarit, Nuevo León, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Zacatecas); Costa Rica [I]; Puerto Rico [I]; Jamaica [I]; Guatemala [I]; Honduras [I]; El Salvador [I]; Ecuador [I]; Argentina [I] (Buenos Aires [I], Chaco [I], Corrientes [I], Entre Rios [I], Jujuy [I], Salta [I], Santiago del Estero [I], Tucuman [I]); Bolivia [I]; Uruguay [I]; Brazil [I] (Rio Grande do Sul [I]); Paraguay [I]; Venezuela [I]; Colombia [I]; Austria [I]; Albania [I]; Belgium [I]; Luxembourg [I]; England [I]; Channel Isl. [I]; Bulgaria [I]; Czech Republic [I]; Slovakia [I]; Denmark [I]; Finland [I]; France [I]; Germany [I] (widespread); Greece [I]; Ireland [I]; Switzerland [I]; Liechtenstein [I]; Netherlands [I]; Spain [I]; Hungary [I]; Italy [I]; Bosnia & Hercegovina [I]; Serbia & Kosovo [I]; Montenegro [I]; Macedonia [I]; Slovenia [I]; Croatia [I]; Norway [I]; Poland [I]; Romania [I]; Estonia [I]; Latvia [I]; Lithuania [I]; European Russia [I]; Belarus [I]; Ukraine [I]; Crimea [I]; Sweden [I]; Northern Caucasus [I]; Georgia [Caucasus] [I]; Armenia [I]; Siberia [I]; Russian Far East [I]; Australia [I] (New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I], Queensland [I]); South Africa [I] Lesotho [I]; New Zealand [I]; Chatham Isl. [I]; China [I] (Heilongjiang [I], Shandong [I], Zhejiang [I], Jiangxi [I], Henan [I]); Japan [I] (Hokkaido [I], Honshu [I], Shikoku [I], Kyushu [I]); South Korea [I]; India [I]; Tristan da Cunha [I]; La Réunion [I]; Turkey [I] (NE-Anatolia [I]); Azores [I] (Sao Miguel Isl. [I], Terceira [I], Sao Jorge [I], Pico [I], Faial, Corvo Isl. [I]); Madeira [I] (Madeira Isl. [I]); Hawaii [I] (Kauai [I], Molokai [I], East Maui [I], Hawaii Isl. [I])
10 den fin grb ire nor swe 11 aut bgm cze ger hun lie lux net pol slo swi 12 cis fra spa 13 alb bih bul cro grc ita mnt nma rom slv srb 14 blr est kry lat lit rus ukr 21 azo mdr 29 reu 30 sib 31 rfe 33 arm geo ncs 34 tur 36 chi 38 jap kor 40 ind 50 aus 51 ctm nzl 63 haw 70 ASK CDN 71 CDN 72 CDN SPM 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX 80 cos els gua hon 81 jam pue 82 clm ven 83 bol ecu 84 bra 85 arg par uru 91 tdc
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus bicornis Michx., Fl. Bor. Am. 1: 191 (1803)
= Juncus bicornis var. williamsii (Fernald) Vict., Contr. Lab. Bot. Univ. Montréal 14: 32 (1929)
= Juncus chloroticus Schult. & Schult.fil., Syst. Veg. 7: 240 (1829)
= Juncus germanorum Steud., Syn. Pl. Cyp. 305 (1855)
= Juncus gesneri Sm., Eng. Fl. 2: 167 (1824)
= Juncus gracilis Sm., Engl. Bot. t. 2174 (1800)
= Juncus involucratus Kirk, Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 9: 550 (1877), nom. illeg.
= Juncus lucidus Hochst., Seub. Fl. Azor. 24. t. 4. f. 1 (1844)
= Juncus macer f. williamsii (Fernald) F.J.Herm., Rhodora 40: 82 (1938)
= Juncus macer Gray, Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 164 (1821)
= Juncus macer var. williamsii (Fernald) Fernald, J. Bot. 68: 367 (1930)
= Juncus smithii Kunth, Enum. Pl. 3: 349 (1841)
= Juncus tenuis f. laxiflorus (Fiek) Seeland, 109 (1940)
= Juncus tenuis f. williamsii (Fernald) F.J.Herm., Castanea 10: 23 (1945)
= Juncus tenuis ssp. bicornis (Michx.) P.Fourn., Quatre Fl. France: 147 (1935)
= Juncus tenuis var. bicornis (Michx.) E.Mey., Linnaea 3: 371 (1828)
= Juncus tenuis var. germanorum (Steud.) Rouy, G. Rouy & J. Foucaud, Fl. France 13: 247 (1912)
= Juncus tenuis var. laxiflorus Fiek, Jahresber. Schles. Ges. Vaterl. Cult. 67: 166 (1889 publ. 1890)
= Juncus tenuis var. multicornis E.Mey., Linnaea 3: 371 (1828)
= Juncus tenuis var. nakaii Satake, J. Fac. Sci. Univ. Tokyo, Sect. 3, Bot. 4(2): 175 (1933)
= Juncus tenuis var. williamsii Fernald, Rhodora 3: 60 (1901)
= Juncus tristanianus Hemsl., Bot. Voy. Challenger, 1: II. 154 (1885)
= Juncus vacillans Steud., Syn. Pl. Cyp. 305 (1855)
species :
Juncus texanus (Engelm.) Coville; Fl. S. E. U. S.: 259 (1903)
Name: Texas rush
Distribution: USA (Oklahoma, Texas); Mexico (Coahuila, Nuevo León)
74 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus nodosus var. texanus Engelm., Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 2: 471 (1868)
species :
Juncus textilis Buchenau; Abh. Nat. Ver. Brem. 17: 336 (1903)
Name: Basket rush
Distribution: USA (California); Mexico (Baja California Norte)
76 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus lesueurii var. elatus S.Watson, Bot. California 2: 205 (1880)
species :
Juncus thomasii Ten.; Ind. Sem. Horti Neap. 1827: 3 (1827)
Distribution: Albania; Bulgaria; Greece; Italy; Serbia & Kosovo; Slovakia; Macedonia; Romania; Ukraine; Turkey (Inner Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia); European Turkey
11 SLO 13 ALB BUL GRC ITA NMA ROM SRB TUE 14 UKR 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus digeneus Borbás, Értek. Természettud. Köréb. Magyar. Tud. Akad. 9: 15 (1879)
= Juncus macedonicus Beauverd, Bull. Soc. Bot. Genève 32: 186 (1941)
= Juncus melanocephalus Friv., Flora, 19: (1836) II. 437
= Juncus palensis Maly, Glasn. Zemaljsk. Muz. Bosni Hercegovini 45: t. 5 (1933)
= Juncus rochelianus Schult. & Schult.fil., Syst. 7: 1658 (1830)
= Juncus sylvaticus var. multiflorus Rochel, Pl. Banat. Rar.: 31 (1828)
= Juncus thomasii melanocephalus (Friv.) Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 471 (1904)
= Juncus thomasii ssp. palensis Maly, Glasn. Zemaljsk. Muz. Bosni Hercegovini 45: 57 (1933)
= Juncus thomasii var. laxiusculus Zapal., Consp. Fl. Gallic. Crit. 1: 135 (1906)
species :
Juncus thompsonianus L.A.S.Johnson; Aspects Tasmanian Bot. - Tribute Winifred Curtis (ed. M. R. Banks et al.): 45 (1991)
Distribution: Australia (New South Wales, Victoria)
50 AUS
species :
Juncus thomsonii Buchenau; Bot. Zeit. 25: 148 (1867)
Distribution: China (Gansu, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan); Tibet; Tajikistan; Kyrgyzstan; Bhutan; Nepal; Pakistan (Deosai, Baltistan); N-India (Ladakh, Rupshu, Sikkim, Chumbi)
32 KGZ TZK 36 CHI TIB 40 BHU IND NEP PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus thomsonii var. fulvus K.F.Wu, Acta Phytotax. Sin., 32(5): 459 (1994)
= Juncus leucomelas var. thomsonii (Buchenau) Buchenau, Nachr. Königl. Ges. Wiss. Georg-Augusts-Univ. 13: 250 (1869)
species :
Juncus tiehmii Ertter; Mem. New York Bot. Gard., 39: 60 (1986)
Name: Nevada rush
Distribution: USA (California, Idaho, Nevada, Oregon, Washington State); Mexico (Baja California Norte)
73 USA 76 USA 79 MEX
species :
Juncus tingitanus Maire & Weiller; Maire, Fl. Afr. Nord 4: 284 (1957)
Distribution: C-Spain (Montes de Toledo); NW-Morocco
12 SPA 20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus acuminatus Salzm. ex Kunth, Enum. Pl. 3: 330 (1841), nom. inval.
= Juncus fasciculatus Schousb., E. Mey. Syn. Junc. 28 (1822) non Schrank
species :
Juncus tobdeniorum Noltie; Edinburgh J. Bot., 55(1): 42 (1998)
Distribution: N-India (Sikkim)
40 IND
species :
Juncus torreyi Coville; Bull. Torr. Bot. Club, 22: (1895) 303
Name: Torrey´s rush
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Arizona, California, Colorado, District of Columbia, Delaware, Georgia, Iowa, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, Montana, North Carolina, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Jersey, New Mexico, Nevada, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Vermont, Washington State, Wisconsin, West Virginia, Wyoming); Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Ontario, Québec, Saskatchewan); N-Mexico (Baja California Norte, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Sonora)
71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus nodosus var. megacephalus Torr., Fl. New York 2: 326 (1843)
= Juncus megacephalus (Torr.) Alph.Wood, Class-book Bot.: 724 (1861), nom. illeg.
= Juncus torreyi var. prolifer Lunell, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 4: 239 (1915)
= Juncus torreyi f. brevipes Farw., Pap. Michigan Acad. Sci. 1: 92 (1923)
= Juncus torreyi var. globularis Farw., Pap. Michigan Acad. Sci. 1: 92 (1923)
= Juncus torreyi f. longipes Farw., Pap. Michigan Acad. Sci. 1: 91 (1923)
= Juncus torreyi var. paniculatus Farw., Pap. Michigan Acad. Sci. 1: 92 (1923)
species :
Juncus trachyphyllus Miyam. & H.Ohba; J. Jap. Bot., 72(3): 164 (1997)
Distribution: China (Sichuan); Nepal
36 CHI 40 NEP
species :
Juncus tracyi Rydb.; Fl. Rocky Mts.: 155 (1917)
Name: Tracy´s rush
Distribution: USA (Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, New Mexico, Nevada, Utah, Washington State, Wyoming); Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Saskatchewan)
71 CDN 73 USA 76 USA 77 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus tracyi f. utahensis (R.F.Martin) F.J.Herm., J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 30: 218 (1940)
= Juncus utahensis R.F.Martin, Rhodora 40: 69 (1938)
species :
Juncus trichophyllus W.W.Sm.; Rec. Bot. Surv. India, 6: 103 (1914)
Distribution: Bhutan; Nepal; N-India (incl. Sikkim)
40 BHU IND NEP
species :
Juncus triformis Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sc. St. Louis, 2: (1868) 492
Name: Yosemite dwarf rush
Distribution: USA (California)
76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus megaspermus F.J.Herm., Leafl. West. Bot. 5: 114 (1948)
= Juncus triformis var. stylosus Engelm., Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 2: 492 (1868)
species :
Juncus triglumis L.; Sp. PI.: 328 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. triglumis
Name: Dreiblütige Binse (DE), Three-hulled rush (EN)
Distribution: Austria; England; Bulgaria; Slovakia; Faeroe Isl.; Finland; France; Germany (Bayern); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; NE-Spain; Andorra; Iceland; Italy; Norway; Poland; Romania; N-European Russia; Ukraine; Svalbard; Sweden; Northern Caucasus; Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Russian Far East (incl. Kamchatka); Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Uzbekistan; Kazakhstan; Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu); North Korea; Pakistan (Karakorum); N-India (Jammu & Kashmir, Sikkim, Darjeeling, Chumbi, etc.); Bhutan; Nepal; Tibet; China (Qinghai, Shanxi, Hebei, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Yunnan); Mongolia; Alaska; USA (Colorado, Montana, Wyoming); Canada (British Columbia, Nunavut, Yukon); Greenland
10 FIN FOR GRB ICE NOR SVA SWE 11 AUT GER LIE POL SLO SWI 12 ADO FRA SPA 13 BUL ITA ROM 14 RUS UKR 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ KGZ TZK UZB 33 NCS 36 CHI TIB 37 MON 38 JAP NKO 40 BHU IND NEP PAK 70 ASK CDN GNL 71 CDN 73 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus gontscharovii Sumn., Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. & Zool. Acad. Sci. Uzbekistan. 9: 23 (1947)
= Juncus hancockii Hance, J. Bot. 16: 111 (1878)
= Juncus pyrenaicus (Cadevall & Pau) Cadevall & Pau, Cadevall & Font Quer, Fl. Catal. 5: 419 (1933)
= Juncus schischkinii Krylov & Sumn., Animadvers. Syst. Herb. Univ. Tomsk., No. 7, p. 1 (1928)
= Juncus triglumis f. acutiusculus (Norman) Neuman, Sver. Fl.: 660 (1901)
= Juncus triglumis var. acutiusculus Norman, Forh. Vidensk.-Selsk. Kristiania 16: 41 (1893)
= Juncus triglumis var. copelandii Buchenau, Zweite Deutsche Nordpolarfahrt 2: 51 (1874)
= Juncus triglumis var. fuscatus Regel, Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 7: 555 (1880)
= Juncus triglumis var. nigricans Regel, Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 7: 555 (1880)
= Juncus triglumis var. schischkinii (Krylov & Sumn.) Novikov, Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast., 19: 58 (1982)
= Tristemon simplex Raf., Autikon Bot. 192 (1840)
subspecies :
subsp. wakhanensis Snogerup; Fl. Iran., 75: 26 (1971)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Wakhan)
34 AFG
species :
Juncus trigonocarpus Steud.; Syn. Pl. Cyp. 308 (1855)
Name: Redpod rush
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Texas)
77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus caudatus Chapm., Fl. S. U. St. 495 (1860)
species :
Juncus trilocularis Zika; Rhodora 114(959): 310 (2012)
Distribution: USA (Oregon: Jackson Co.)
73 USA
species :
Juncus turkestanicus V.I.Krecz. & Gontsch.; Kom., Fl. URSS, 3: 519, 625 (1935)
Distribution: S-European Russia; Armenia; Northern Caucasus; Azerbaijan; Georgia [Caucasus]; Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Turkmenistan; Tajikistan; Uzbekistan; Mongolia; ?China; Pakistan; Afghanistan (Wakhan, Bamyan, Kabul, Wardak, Paktia / Khost, Parwan, Takhar); Turkey (NE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia); Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, NW-Iran: Iranian Azerbaijan, S-Iran, W-Iran); Iraq (S-Iraq)
14 RUS 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG IRN IRQ TUR 37 MON 40 PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus ambiguus ssp. turkestanicus (V.I.Krecz. & Gontsch.) Novikov, Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast., 24: 60 (1987)
= Juncus bufonius ssp. turkestanicus (V.I.Krecz. & Gontsch.) Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung., 16(3-4): 366 [1970] (1971)
= Juncus ranarius ssp. turkestanicus (V.I.Krecz. & Gontsch.) Novikov, Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast., 15: 82 (1979)
species :
Juncus tweedyi Rydb.; Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 1: 90 (1900)
Name: Tweedy´s rush
Distribution: USA (Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Utah, Wyoming)
73 USA 76 USA
species :
Juncus uncialis Greene; Pittonia. 2: (1890) 105
Name: Twelfth rush
Distribution: USA (California, Nevada, Oregon, Washington State)
73 USA 76 USA
species :
Juncus uniflorus W.W.Sm.; Rec. Bot. Surv. Ind. 6: 104 (1914)
Distribution: Nepal; N-India (incl. Sikkim); Bhutan; Tibet
36 TIB 40 BHU IND NEP
species :
Juncus uruguensis Griseb.; Goett. Abh. 24: (1879) 317
Distribution: Argentina (Buenos Aires, Entre Rios, Salta, Santa Fe); Uruguay (Canelones, Cerro Largo, Flores Prov., Florida Prov., Maldonado, Montevideo, Soriano); Bolivia (Cochabamba)
83 BOL 85 ARG URU
species :
Juncus usitatus L.A.S.Johnson; Contrib. N. S. Wales Nat. Herb. 3: 241 (1963)
Distribution: Australia (Western Australia, South Australia, Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria); New Zealand; Kermadec Isl.; New Caledonia; Chatham Isl.
50 AUS 51 CTM KER NZL 60 NWC
species :
Juncus vaginatus R.Br.; Prod. 258 (1810)
Distribution: Australia (New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania); New Zealand
50 AUS 51 NZL
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus tenax Sol. ex G.Forst., Fl. Ins. Austr.: 90 (1786), nom. inval.
species :
Juncus validus Coville; Bull. Torr. Bot. Club 22: 305 (1895), nom. cons. prop.
Name: Roundhead rush
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia)
74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus crassifolius Buchenau, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 12: 326 (1890)
= Juncus platycephalus Michx.
= Juncus scirpoides subvar. major Engelm., Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 2: 468 (1866)
species :
Juncus valvatus Link; Schrad., Jour. für die Bot. 1799(2): (1800)
Distribution: Portugal; Algeria; Tunisia
12 POR 20 ALG TUN
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus caricinus Durieu, Expl. Sc. Alger. t. 43. f. 1 (1849)
= Juncus echinuloides Brot., Fl. Lusit. 1: 518 (1804)
= Juncus valvatus ssp. conimbrigensis A.Fern. & R.Fern., Florula Vasc. Mata Bufarda: 154 (1991)
= Juncus valvatus var. caricinus (Durieu) Coss. & Durieu, Expl. Sci. Algérie 2: 269 (1868)
= Juncus valvatus var. echinuloides (Brot.) Coss. & Durieu, Expl. Sci. Algérie 2: 269 (1868)
species :
Juncus vaseyi Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sc. St. Louis. 2: (1866) 448
Name: Vasey´s rush
Distribution: USA (Colorado, Iowa, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Utah, Vermont, Wisconsin, Wyoming); Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Labrador, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Northern Territories, Ontario, Québec, Saskatchewan)
70 CDN 71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus greenei var. vaseyi (Engelm.) B.Boivin, Naturaliste Canad. 94: 525 (1967)
species :
Juncus venturianus Castillón; Bol. Mus. Hist. Nat. Univ. Nac. Tucuman, No. 7, 24 (1926)
Distribution: Argentina (Buenos Aires, Chaco, Cordoba, Corrientes, Entre Rios, Formosa, Salta, Santa Fe, San Luis, Tucuman); Paraguay (Central); Uruguay (Canelones, Cerro Largo, Florida Prov., Montevideo, Rio Negro, San Jose, Soriano)
85 ARG PAR URU
species :
Juncus virens Buchenau; Engl. Pflanzenreich, Juncac. 220 (1906)
Distribution: Russian Far East (Amur, Primorye); Mongolia
31 RFE 37 MON
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus papillosus var. virens (Buchenau) Vorosch., A. K. Skvortsov (ed.), Florist. issl. v razn. raionakh SSSR: 157 (1985)
species :
Juncus wallichianus Laharpe; Mem. Soc. Hist. Nat. Paris 3: 139 (1827)
Distribution: India (Assam, Sikkim, Darjeeling, etc.); Bhutan; Bangladesh; Laos; Myanmar; Thailand; Vietnam; Java; Sumatra; New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea); Nepal; Sri Lanka; North Korea; Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu); Russian Far East (Sakhalin, Ussuri); Ryukyu Isl.; Taiwan; China (Nei Mongol, Gansu, Shandong, Fujian, Guangdong, Hainan, Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Yunnan, Zhejiang, Jiangsu); Tibet
31 RFE 36 CHI TIB 38 JAP NKO NNS TAI 40 BAN BHU IND NEP SRL 41 LAO MYA THA VIE 42 JAW NWG SUM
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus auritus K.F.Wu, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 32(5): 453-455, f. 4, 5-8 (1994)
= Juncus indicus Royle ex D.Don, Proc. Linn. Soc. London 1: 10 (1839)
= Juncus koidzumii Satake, J. Jap. Bot. 12: 89 (1936)
= Juncus leschenaultii var. unitubulosus (Buchenau) Novikov, Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 19: 59 (1982)
= Juncus monticola Steud., Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 301 (1855)
= Juncus nikkoensis var. pinifolius Satake, J. Jap. Bot. 12: 577 (1936)
= Juncus ohwianus M.T.Kao, Fl. Taiwan, 5: 150 (1978)
= Juncus prismatocarpus ssp. teretifolius K.F.Wu, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 32(5): 456 (1994)
= Juncus prismatocarpus subvar. unitubulosus Buchenau, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 12: 311 (1890)
= Juncus pseudokrameri Satake, Rept. First Sci. Exped. Manchoukuo 4(4): 107 (1936)
= Juncus yanshanuensis Novikov, Byull. Moskovsk. Obshch. Isp. Prir., Otd. Biol. 103(4): 70 (1998)
species :
Juncus xiphioides E.Mey.; Syn. Junc. 50 (1822)
Name: Irisleaf rush
Distribution: USA (Arizona, California, New Mexico, Nevada); Mexico (Baja California Norte, Chihuahua, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State)
76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus xiphioides var. auratus Engelm., Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 2: 481 (1868)
= Juncus xiphioides var. littoralis Engelm., Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 2: 481 (1868)
species :
Juncus yui S.Y.Bao; Fl. Yunnanica 15: 804 (2003)
Distribution: China (Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Juncus ×alpiniformis Fernald; Rhodora, 35: 235 (1933)
Distribution: Finland; England; Norway; Sweden; Austria; Czech Republic; Germany; Poland; Switzerland; Slovakia; France; Italy; S-European Russia; Turkey; USA (Indiana, Michigan); Canada (British Columbia, New Brunswick, Newfoundland)
10 FIN GRB NOR SWE 11 AUT CZE GER POL SLO SWI 12 FRA 13 ITA 14 RUS 34 TUR 71 CDN 72 CDN 75 USA
Remarks: Juncus alpinoarticulatus x articulatus
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus ×buchenaui Dörfl., Exsicc. (Herb. Norm.) 1897: 3267 (1897), nom. illeg.
species :
Juncus ×brueggeri Domin; Preslia, xiii-xv. 23 (1935)
Distribution: England; Sweden; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Germany (Bayern, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Sachsen); France
10 GRB SWE 11 CZE GER SLO 12 FRA
Remarks: Juncus conglomeratus x J. effusus.
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus ×haussknechtii P.Fourn., Quatre Fl. France: 521 (1928), nom. illeg., non Ruhmer
= Juncus ×kern-reichgeltii Jansen & Wacht. ex Reichg., Fl. Neerl. 1: 201 (1964)
species :
Juncus ×correctus Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 296 (1855)
Distribution: Australia (New South Wales, Western Australia)
50 AUS
species :
Juncus ×degenianus Boros; Magyar Bot. Lap., 19: 41 [1920] (1922)
Distribution: Hungary; etc.
11 HUN
Remarks: Juncus articulatus x J. subnodulosus.
species :
Juncus ×diffusus Hoppe; Flora, 1: (1819) 186
Distribution: Denmark; Sweden; Germany (Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Sachsen, Thüringen); Slovakia; Czech Republic; Algeria
10 DEN SWE 11 CZE GER SLO 20 ALG
Remarks: Juncus effusus x J. inflexus
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus glaucus ssp. diffusus (Hoppe) Bonnier & Layens, Tabl. Syn. Pl. Vasc. France: 319 (1894)
= Juncus glaucus ssp. diffusus (Hoppe) Hook.fil., 383 (1870)
= Juncus glaucus var. diffusus (Hoppe) Moore & More, 300 (1866)
species :
Juncus ×donyanae Fern.-Carv.; Lagascalia, 14(1): 117 (1986)
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
Remarks: Juncus acutiflorus ssp. rugosus x striatus
species :
Juncus ×fallax Trab.; Batt. & Trab. Fl. de l´Alger Monoc. (1895) 86
Distribution: Algeria
20 ALG
Remarks: Juncus fontanesii x J. valvatus
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus striatus var. macrocephalus Coss. & Durieu, J. B. G. M. Bory, Expl. Sci. Algérie
species :
Juncus ×fulvescens Fernald; Rhodora, 35: 236 (1933)
Distribution: USA (Maine); Canada (Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Isl.)
72 CDN 75 USA
Remarks: Juncus articulatus x brevicaudatus
species :
Juncus ×gracilescens F.J.Herm. ex Wadmond; Rhodora, 49: 120 (1947)
Distribution: USA (Michigan, Minnesota, Wisconsin); Canada (New Brunswick, Ontario)
72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA
Remarks: Juncus alpinoarticulatus x J. brevicaudatus
species :
Juncus ×haussknechtii Ruhmer; 257 (1881)
Distribution: Germany (Thüringen); etc.
11 GER
Remarks: Juncus bufonius x sphaerocarpus
species :
Juncus ×inundatus Drejer; Kroeyers, Nat. Tidssk. 2: 1838 (1839) 181
Distribution: Denmark; Finland; Norway; Sweden; Germany; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; W-European Russia
10 DEN FIN NOR SWE 11 GER 14 EST LAT LIT
Remarks: Juncus balticus Willd. x Juncus filiformis L.
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus arcticus var. inundatus (Drejer) Trautv., Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 5(1): 118 (1877)
= Juncus balticus ssp. inundatus (Drejer) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 747 (1882)
= Juncus balticus var. inundatus (Drejer) Fr., Summa Veg. Scand. 1: 65 (1846)
species :
Juncus ×lancastriensis Stace; Brit. Irish Bot. 2(4): 281 (2020)
Distribution: Great Britain
10 GRB
variant :
var. fyldensis Stace; Brit. Irish Bot. 2(4): 282 (2020)
Distribution: Great Britain
10 GRB
species :
Juncus ×langii Erdner; Allg. Bot. Zeitschr. 12: 196 (1906)
Distribution: Austria; Germany (Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Sachsen); Netherlands; Poland; Switzerland; France; Italy
11 AUT GER NET POL SWI 12 FRA 13 ITA
Remarks: Juncus acutiflorus x J. alpinoarticulatus.
species :
Juncus ×lemieuxii B.Boivin; Natur. Canad. 94: 525 (1967)
Name: Lemieux´s rush
Distribution: Canada (New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Québec)
72 CDN
Remarks: Juncus articulatus x Juncus canadensis
species :
Juncus ×montelii Vierh.; Dorfler, Herb. Norm. No. 4781 (1907)
Distribution: Finland; Norway; Sweden; Switzerland; European Russia
10 FIN NOR SWE 11 SWI 14 RUS
Remarks: Juncus arcticus Willd. x Juncus filiformis
species :
Juncus ×montserratensis Marcet; Bol. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 45: 238 (1947)
Name: Bastard-Glieder-Binse (DE)
Distribution: Denmark; England; Channel Isl.; Germany (Bayern, Hessen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Saarland, Sachsen); France; Spain; Czech Republic; etc.
10 DEN GRB 11 CZE GER 12 CIS FRA SPA
Remarks: Juncus acutiflorus x J. articulatus
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus erecticulmis G.H.Loos, 11 (2010), nom. nov. for J. lampocarpus var. erectus Celak.
= Juncus lampocarpus f. acutipetalus Marcet, Bol. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 43: 39 (1945)
= Juncus lampocarpus var. erectus Celak., Prodr. Fl. Böhmen 1: 81 (1867), nom. illeg.
= Juncus ×micranthus Desv., Observ. Pl. Angers: 82 (1818), nom. rejic. prop.
= Juncus ×pratensis Hoppe ex Buchenau, 381 (1890), nom. inval.
= Juncus ×surrejanus Druce ex Stace & Lambinon, Bull. Jard. Bot. Natl. Belg. 53: 508 (1983)
species :
Juncus ×murbeckii Sagorski; Mitth. Thüring. Bot. Vereins, n. s., 16: 37 (1902)
Distribution: Denmark; Sweden; Germany; France; etc.
10 DEN SWE 11 GER 12 FRA
Remarks: Juncus anceps x J. articulatus.
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus ×frisicus Dörfl., Exsicc. (Herb. Norm.) 1907: 4783 (1907)
= Juncus ×livetianus H.Lév., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 53: 535 (1906)
species :
Juncus ×nodosiformis Fernald; Rhodora, 35: 235 (1933)
Distribution: USA (Iowa, Wisconsin); Canada (New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Isl., Québec)
72 CDN 74 USA
Remarks: Juncus alpinoarticulatus x Juncus nodosus
species :
Juncus ×obotritorum Rothm.; Wiss. Zeitschr. Univ. Greifswald, 14: 79 (1965)
Distribution: England; Germany
10 GRB 11 GER
Remarks: Juncus balticus x J. effusus
species :
Juncus ×oronensis Fernald; Rhodora 6: 36 (1904)
Distribution: USA (Maine, New Hampshire)
75 USA
Remarks: Juncus tenuis x J. vaseyi
species :
Juncus ×royeri P.Fourn.; 522 (1928), nom. inval.
Distribution: Germany (Sachsen, Thüringen)
11 GER
Remarks: Juncus compressus x gerardi
species :
Juncus ×ruhmeri Asch. & Graebn.; 451 (1904), nom. inval.
Distribution: Czech Republic; Germany (Brandenburg, Bayern, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern); etc.
11 CZE GER
Remarks: J. conglomeratus x J. inflexus
species :
Juncus ×sallandiae Corporaal & Schaminée; Gorteria 37(2): 53 (2015)
Distribution: Netherlands
11 NET
species :
Juncus ×scalovenicus Asch. & Graebn.; Ber. Deutsch. Bot. Ges. 11: 524 (1893)
Distribution: Germany (Mecklenburg-Vorpommern); etc.
11 GER
Remarks: Juncus balticus x effusus
species :
Juncus ×stuckeyi M.Reinking; Brittonia, 33(2): 175 (1981)
Distribution: USA (Ohio)
75 USA
Remarks: Juncus alpinoarticulatus x torreyi
species :
Juncus ×valbrayi Lév.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France, 54: 518 (1907)
Distribution: France
12 FRA
Remarks: Juncus acutiflorus x J. anceps
Synonyms: hidden
= Juncus ×sylvaticoides H.Lév., Bull. Acad. Int. Géogr. Bot., IV, 25: 48 (1917), nom. superfl.
...

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