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Ver. 19.2
April 1st, 2024

065.0000 Family Cupressaceae Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 222 (1822), nom. cons.
ca. 30 genera, ca. 160 spp. Phylogeny see Yang et al. (2012)
Species listed in database: 145; hybrids: 10
= Actinostrobaceae Lotsy; Vortr. Bot. Stammesgesch. 3: 98 (1911)
= Arceuthidaceae A.V.Bobrov & Melikyan; Komarovia 4: 79 (2006)
= Athrotaxidoideae L.Chu Li; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 30(4): 339 (1992)
= Athrotaxidaceae Doweld; Prosyllab. Tracheophyt.: xix (2001)
= Cryptomeriaceae Gorozh.; Lekts. Morf. Sist. Archegon.: 88 (1904)
= Cunninghamiaceae Siebold & Zucc.; Fl. Jap. 2: 1, 3 (1842)
= Diselmaceae A.V.Bobrov & Melikyan; Komarovia 4: 96 (2006)
= Fitzroyaceae A.V.Bobrov & Melikyan; Komarovia 4: 80 (2006)
= Juniperaceae J.Presl & C.Presl; Delic. Prag.: 142 (1822)
= Libocedraceae Doweld; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 33: 42 (2001)
= Limnopityaceae Hayata; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 46: 25 (1932)
= Metasequoiaceae S.Miki ex Hu & W.C.Cheng; Bull. Fan Mem. Inst. Biol., ser. 2, 1: 154 (1948)
= Microbiotaceae Nakai; Tyosen-Sanrin 165: 13 (1938)
= Neocallitropsidaceae Doweld; Prosyllab. Tracheophyt.: xx (2001)
= Pilgerodendraceae A.V.Bobrov & Melikyan; Komarovia 4: 87 (2006)
= Platycladaceae A.V.Bobrov & Melikyan; Komarovia 4: 97 (2006)
= Sequoiaceae K.Koch ex Luerss.; Grundz. Bot.: 265 (1877)
= Taiwaniaceae Hayata; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 46: 26 (1932)
= Taxodiaceae Saporta; Ann. Sci. Nat.,Bot., ser. 5, 4: 44 (1865), nom. cons.
= Tetraclinaceae Hayata; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 46: 27 (1932)
= Thujaceae Burnett; Outl. Bot.: 502, 1149 (1835)
= Thujopsidaceae Bessey; Nebraska Univ. Stud. 7: 325 (1907)
= Widdringtoniaceae Doweld; Prosyllab. Tracheophyt.: xx (2001)
065.6009 Genus Juniperus L.; Sp. Pl.: 1038 (1753)
Distribution: temperate-subtropical. Systematics and species list taken from Farjon (2017)
Species listed in database: 61; hybrids: 5
= Arceuthos Antoine & Kotschy; Oesterr. Bot. Wochenbl. 249 (1854)
= Oxycedrus Carrière; Conif. ed. II. 13 (1867)
= Sabina Hall.; Rupp. Fl. Jen. 336 (1745)
= Sabinella Nakai; Tyosen Sanrin Kaiho, No. 165 (Indig. Spec. Conif. & Taxads Korea & Manchur. III.) 14 (1938)
= Thuiaecarpus Trautv.; Imag. Pl. Ross. 11, t. 6 (1844)
species :
Juniperus angosturana R.P.Adams; Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 22(7): 704 (1994), nom. nov.
Distribution: Mexico (Coahuila, Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Nuevo León, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Zacatecas)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Juniperus monosperma var. gracilis Martínez; Anal. Inst. Biol. Méx. 17: 109-114 (1946)
= Sabina angosturana (R.P.Adams) Y.Yang & K.S.Mao; Pl. Diversity 44(4): 347 (2022)
species :
Juniperus arizonica (R.P.Adams) R.P.Adams; Phytologia 88(3): 306 (2006)
Name: Redberry juniper
Distribution: USA (Arizona, SW-New Mexico); Mexico (NE-Sonora)
76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Juniperus coahuilensis var. arizonica R.P.Adams; Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 22(7): 708 (1994)
= Juniperus coahuilensis subsp. arizonica (R.P.Adams) Silba; J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 13(1): 6 (2006)
= Sabina arizonica (R.P.Adams) Y.Yang & K.S.Mao; Pl. Diversity 44(4): 347 (2022)
species :
Juniperus ashei J.T.Buchholz; Bot. Gaz. 90: 329 (1930)
Name: Ashe´s juniper
Distribution: USA (Arkansas, Missouri, Oklahoma, Texas)
74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Sabina ashei (J.Buchholz) Y.Yang & K.S.Mao; Pl. Diversity 44(4): 347 (2022)
variant :
var. ovata R.P.Adams; Phytologia 89(1): 17 (2007)
Distribution: USA (W-Texas); Mexico (N-Coahuila)
77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Juniperus ovata (R.P.Adams) R.P.Adams; Phytologia 95(2): 175 (2013)
species :
Juniperus barbadensis L.; Sp. Pl. 1039 (1753)
Distribution: Mozambique [I]; +Redonda; St. Lucia; +Barbados
26 moz 81 ABA BBD STL
Conservation Status: IUCN E
Synonyms: hidden
= Sabina barbadensis (L.) Small; Fl. S. E. U. S. 33 (1903)
variant :
var. lucayana (Britton) Silba; J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 7(1): 25 (2000)
Name: West Indian red cedar (Bahamas)
Distribution: Bahamas (Cat Isl., Eleuthera / New Providence, Andros Isl., Grand Bahama / Abaco Isl.); Cuba (incl. Isla de la Juventud); Jamaica; +Hispaniola (+Haiti)
81 BAH CUB HIS JAM
Conservation Status: endangered (Red List of the Vascular Flora of Cuba)
Synonyms: hidden
= Juniperus barbadensis subsp. lucayana (Britton) Greuter & R.Rankin; Revista Jard. Bot. Nacional 43: 122 (2022)
= Juniperus barbadensis var. jamaicensis Silba; J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 7(1): 24 (2000)
= Juniperus gracilior var. lucayana (Britton) R.P.Adams; Phytologia 78(2): 145 (1995)
= Juniperus lucayana Britton; North American Trees, 121 (1908)
species :
Juniperus bermudiana L.; Sp. Pl. 1039 (1753)
Name: Bermuda Cedar
Distribution: St. Helena [I]; Mauritius [I]; La Réunion [I]; India [I]; Bermuda
28 sth 29 mau reu 40 ind 81 BER
Conservation Status: IUCN E. Very rare, almost eliminated by introduced insects
Synonyms: hidden
= Juniperus oppositifolia Moench; Methodus (Moench) 699 (1794)
= Juniperus pyramidalis Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 397 (1796)
= Juniperus virginiana Endl.; Syn. Conif. 27 (1847)
= Sabina bermudiana Antoine; Cupress. Gatt. 65, t. 87
species :
Juniperus blancoi Martínez; An. Inst. Biol., Mexico 17: 73 (1946)
Distribution: Mexico (Durango, México State, Michoacán)
79 MEX
Conservation Status: IUCN I
Synonyms: hidden
= Sabina blancoi (Martínez) Y.Yang & K.S.Mao; Pl. Diversity 44(4): 347 (2022)
variant :
var. huehuentensis R.P.Adams, S.González & M.González; Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 34(3): 207 (209-211) (2006)
Distribution: Mexico (Durango)
79 MEX
variant :
var. mucronata (R.P.Adams) Farjon; World Checkl. & Bibliogr. Conifers ed. 2, 60 (2001)
Distribution: Mexico (Sonora, Chihuahua)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Juniperus mucronata R.P.Adams; Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 28(2): 158 (2000)
= Sabina mucronata (R.P.Adams) Y.Yang & K.S.Mao; Pl. Diversity 44(4): 348 (2022)
species :
Juniperus brevifolia (Seub.) Antoine; Cupress. Gatt. 16. tt. 20-22 (1857)
Name: Azoren-Wacholder (DE), Azores juniper (EN)
Distribution: Azores (Sao Miguel Isl., Terceira, Sao Jorge, Pico, Faial, Flores Isl., Corvo Isl.)
21 AZO
Conservation Status: IUCN E
Synonyms: hidden
= Juniperus brevifolia subsp. maritima R.B.Elias & E.Días; Phytotaxa 188(5): 248 (2014)
= Juniperus brevifolia var. montana R.B.Elias & E.Días; Phytotaxa 188(5): 249 (2014)
species :
Juniperus californica Carrière; Rev. Hortic. Ser. IV. 3: 352 (1854)
Name: California juniper
Distribution: USA (Arizona, California, Nevada); Mexico (Baja California Norte); +Isla Guadalupe
76 USA 79 GLP MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Juniperus californica var. siskiyouensis L.F.Hend.; Rhodora 33: 203 (1931)
= Juniperus cerrosianus Kellogg; Proc. Calif. Acad. 2: 37 (1863)
= Sabina californica (Carrière) Antoine; Cupress. Gatt. 52, t. 72 (1857)
species :
Juniperus cedrus Webb & Berthel.; Phyt. Canar. 3: 277 t. 2. ff. 1-3 (1848)
Name: Canary Islands juniper (EN); Cedro canario (ES); Zedern-Wacholder (DE)
Distribution: Canary Isl. (Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, La Palma Isl.)
21 CNY
Conservation Status: IUCN E
Synonyms: hidden
= Juniperus canariensis Knight ex Gordon; Pinet. 114 (1858)
= Juniperus oxycedrus Hochst.; Fl. Azor. 26 non L.
= Juniperus webbii Carrière; Conif. ed. I. 13 (1855)
species :
Juniperus chinensis L.; Mant. 1: 127 (1767)
Name: Chinese juniper
Distribution: China (Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Hebei, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Nei Mongol, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang); North Korea; South Korea (Ulleung Isl.); Japan; Taiwan; Myanmar [I]; Java [I]; Guam [I]; Bolivia [c]
36 CHI 38 JAP KOR NKO TAI 41 mya 42 jaw 62 gum 83 bol
Synonyms: hidden
= Juniperus barbadensis Thunb.; Fl. Jap. 264 (1784)
= Juniperus cabiancae Vis.; Mem. Ist. Venet. 6: 246 (1856)
= Juniperus cernua Roxb.; Hort. Beng. 73 (1814), Fl. Ind. 3: 839 (1832)
= Juniperus chinensis subsp. taiwanensis (R.P.Adams & C.F.Hsieh) Silba; J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 13(1): 6 (2006)
= Juniperus chinensis var. armstrongii L.H.Bailey; Hortus Suppl.: 710 (1935)
= Juniperus chinensis var. aurea M.Young; Gard. Chron. 1872: 8 (1872)
= Juniperus chinensis var. corneyanus (Antoine) Gordon & Glend.; Pinetum 117 (1858)
= Juniperus chinensis var. expansa-variegata Hornibr.; Dwarf Conifers ed. 2: 94 (1938)
= Juniperus chinensis var. foemina Lavallée; Énum. Arbres 289 (1877)
= Juniperus chinensis var. globosa Hornibr.; Dwarf Conifers 62 (1923)
= Juniperus chinensis var. horizontalis Nakai; Corean Timber Trees 136 (1926)
= Juniperus chinensis var. jacobiana Jacob-Makoy; Nursery Cat. (L. Jacob-Makoy & Co.) 114: 26 (1870)
= Juniperus chinensis var. japonica ( Carrière) P.Vilm.; Hort. Vilm. 58 (1906)
= Juniperus chinensis var. japonica Siebold; Jaarb. Kon. Ned. Maatsch. Aanm. Tuinb. 1844: 31 (1844)
= Juniperus chinensis var. keteleeri Beissn.; Mitt. Deutsch. Dendrol. Ges. 1910: 140 (1910)
= Juniperus chinensis var. leeana Lavallée; Énum. Arbres 290 (1877)
= Juniperus chinensis var. mas Gordon & Glend.; Pinetum 116 (1858)
= Juniperus chinensis var. mascula Lavallée; Énum. Arbres 289 (1877)
= Juniperus chinensis var. parsonsii Hornibr.; Dwarf Conifers ed. 2: 96 (1939)
= Juniperus chinensis var. plumosa Hornibr.; Dwarf Conifers 66 (1923)
= Juniperus chinensis var. plumosa-aurea Hornibr.; Dwarf Conifers 66 (1923)
= Juniperus chinensis var. procumbens (Siebold) Endl.; Syn. Conif. 21 (1847)
= Juniperus chinensis var. smithii Loudon; Arbor. Frutic. Brit. 4: 2505 (1838)
= Juniperus chinensis var. taiwanensis R.P.Adams & C.F.Hsieh; Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 30(3): 235 (2002)
= Juniperus chinensis var. torulosa Eastw.; Bay Cities Gard. Monthly 2(4): 3, 7 (1933)
= Juniperus chinensis var. variegata Maxwell; Hort. & J. Rural Art Rural Taste 29: 202 (1874)
= Juniperus dimorpha Roxb.; Hort. Beng. 78 (1814), Fl. Ind. 3: 889 (1832)
= Juniperus erectopatens (C.Y.Cheng, W.C.Cheng & L.K.Fu) R.P.Adams; Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 27(7): 723 (1999)
= Juniperus excelsa Webb ex Parl.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 16(2,2): 488 (1868)
= Juniperus flagelliformis Loudon; Encyc. Trees, 1090
= Juniperus foemina Lavallée; Arb. Segrez. 289 (1877)
= Juniperus jacobi Beissn.; Handb. Nadeholzk. 120 (1891)
= Juniperus japonica Carrière; Conif. ed. I. 33 (1855)
= Juniperus japonica var. alba Standish ex Gordon; Pinetum ed. 2: 161 (1875)
= Juniperus japonica var. aurea-variegata Ed.Otto; Hamburger Garten- Blumenzeitung 29: 203 (1873)
= Juniperus japonica var. pyramidalis Carrière; Traité Gén. Conif. ed. 2: 32 (1867)
= Juniperus japonica var. variegata Carrière; Traité Gén. Conif. ed. 2: 31 (1867)
= Juniperus leeana Lavallée; Arb. Segrez. 290 (1877)
= Juniperus mascula Lavallée; Arb. Segrez. 289 (1877)
= Juniperus nepalensis Endl.; Syn. Conif. 21 (1847)
= Juniperus procumbens (Siebold) Miq.; Fl. Jap. (Siebold) 2: 59 (1870)
= Juniperus reevesiana Endl.; Syn. Conif. 31 (1847)
= Juniperus sabina var. erectopatens (C.Y.Cheng, W.C.Cheng & L.K.Fu) Y.F.Yu & L.K.Fu; Novon 7: 444 (1998)
= Juniperus shepherdi Beissn.; Handb. Nadelholzk. 122 (1891)
= Juniperus sheppardii (Veitch) van Melle; Phytologia 2: 187 (1946), cum descr. lat.
= Juniperus sheppardii Gordon; Pinet. ed. II. 426 (1862)
= Juniperus sinensis Carrière; Conif. ed. II. 33 (1867)
= Juniperus sinensis J.F.Gmel.; Syst. Nat., ed. 13[bis]. 2(2): 1005 (1792)
= Juniperus sphaerica Lindl.; Paxt. Flow. Gard. 1: 1850 (1851) 58, f. 35
= Juniperus sphaerica var. dioica Melle; Phytologia 2: 186 (1946)
= Juniperus sphaerica var. luptonii Melle; Rev. Junip. Chin. 27, 69 (1947)
= Juniperus sphaerica var. neaboriensis (A.H.Kent) Melle; Phytologia 2: 186 (1946)
= Juniperus sphaerica var. pendula (Franch.) Melle; Phytologia 2: 186 (1946)
= Juniperus sphaerica var. pseudomas Melle; Phytologia 2: 185 (1946)
= Juniperus sphaerica var. sheppardii A.H.Kent; Man. Conif. 290 (1881)
= Juniperus struthiacea Knight; Syn. Conif. 13 (1847)
= Juniperus thunbergii Hook. & Arn.; Bot. Beech. Voy. 271 (1838)
= Juniperus tsukusiensis var. taiwanensis (R.P.Adams & C.F.Hsieh) R.P.Adams; Phytologia 93(1): 127 (2011)
= Juniperus virginica Thunb.; Fl. Jap. 264 (1784)
= Sabina cabiancae Antoine; Cupress. Gatt. 41, t. 54 (1857)
= Sabina chinensis (L.) Antoine; Cupress. Gatt. 54 (1857)
= Sabina chinensis f. albovariegata Nakai; Bull. Forest. Soc. Korea (Chosen Sanrin Kwaiho ) 158: 26 (1938)
= Sabina chinensis f. globosa Nakai; Bull. Forest. Soc. Korea (Chosen Sanrin Kwaiho ) 158: 27 (1938)
= Sabina chinensis f. varigata Nakai; Bull. Forest. Soc. Korea (Chosen Sanrin Kwaiho ) 158: 30 (1938)
= Sabina chinensis var. horizontalis (Nakai) Nakai; Bull. Forest. Soc. Korea (Chosen Sanrin Kwaiho ) 158: 27 (1938)
= Sabina chinensis var. kaizuca W.C.Cheng & W.T.Wang; Trees of China 1: 253 (1961)
= Sabina chinensis var. pfitzeriana (Späth) Moldenke; Castanea 9: 33 (1944)
= Sabina dimorpha (Roxb.) Antoine; Cupress. Gatt. 70 (1857)
= Sabina erectopatens (W.C.Cheng & L.K.Fu) Y.Yang & K.S.Mao; Pl. Diversity 44(4): 348 (2022)
= Sabina pacifica Nakai; Bull. Forest. Soc. Korea (Chosen Sanrin Kwaiho ) 158: 31 (1938)
= Sabina procumbens (Endl.) Iwata & Kusaka; Conif. Jap. Ill. Aject. Emend. ed. 2, 199 (1954)
= Sabina sphaerica (Lindl.) Antoine; Cupress. Gatt. 52, t. 72 (1857)
= Sabina struthiacea (Knight) Antoine; Cupress. Gatt. 66, t. 69 (1857)
= Sabina vulgaris var. erectopatens C.Y.Cheng, W.C.Cheng & L.K.Fu; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 13(4): 86 (1975)
variant :
var. sargentii A.Henry; Trees Gr. Brit. Ireland 6: 1432 (1912)
Distribution: Russian Far East (Khabarovsk, Kuril Isl., Primorye, Sakhalin); China (Heilongjiang); North Korea; South Korea (incl. Cheju Isl.); Japan
31 RFE 36 CHI 38 JAP KOR NKO
Synonyms: hidden
= Juniperus chinensis subsp. sargentii (A.Henry) Silba; J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 13(1): 6 (2006)
= Juniperus sargentii (A.Henry) Takeda ex Nakai; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 44: 511 (1930)
= Sabina chinensis var. sargentii (A.Henry) W.C.Cheng & L.K.Fu; Fl. Reipubl. Popul. Sin. 7: 363 (1978)
= Sabina sargentii (A.Henry) Nakai; Tyosen Sanrin Kaiho, No. 158 (Indig. Spec. Conif. & Taxads Korea & Manchur.1.) 6 (1938), nomen, et in Tyosen Sanrin Kaiho, No. 163 (Indig. Spec. Conif. &Taxads Korea & Manchur. II) 32, descr.
variant :
var. tsukusiensis Masam.; J. Soc. Trop. Agric. Formosa 2: 152 (1930)
Distribution: S-Japan (Yakushima Isl.); Taiwan
38 JAP NNS TAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Juniperus chinensis subsp. tsukusiensis (Masam.) Silba; J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 13(1): 6 (2006)
= Juniperus tsukusiensis Masam.; Prelim. Rep. Veg. Yakus. 39 (1929), Masam. in Bot. Mag., Tokyo, 44: 50 (1930), et in Mem. Fac. Sci. & Agric. Taihoku Imp. Univ. 11: Bot. No. 4, 131 (1934)
= Sabina tsukusiensis (Masam.) Y.Yang & K.S.Mao; Pl. Diversity 44(4): 349 (2022)
species :
Juniperus coahuilensis (Martínez) Gaussen ex R.P.Adams; Phytologia 74(5): 413 (1993)
Name: Redberry juniper
Distribution: USA (Arizona, New Mexico, Texas); Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Jalisco, Nuevo León, Sonora, Zacatecas)
76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Juniperus coahuilensis (Martínez) Gaussen; Trav. Lab. For. Toulouse, Tome II. Sect. 1 1: Pt. 2, 11 (Gymnosp. Act. &Foss.) Chap. 13, 101, in clavi, 154 (1968) (sine relat. loc.)
= Juniperus erythrocarpa var. coahuilensis Martinez; Anales Inst. Biol. Univ. Nac. México 17: 114, fig. 95-97 (1946)
= Juniperus texensis Melle; Phytologia 4: 26 (1952)
= Sabina coahuilensis (Martínez) Y.Yang & K.S.Mao; Pl. Diversity 44(4): 347 (2022)
species :
Juniperus comitana Martínez; An. Inst. Biol., Mexico 15: 12 (1944)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas); Guatemala
79 MEX 80 GUA
Conservation Status: IUCN V
Synonyms: hidden
= Sabina comitana (Martínez) Y.Yang & K.S.Mao; Pl. Diversity 44(4): 347 (2022)
species :
Juniperus communis L.; Sp. Pl.: 1040 (1753)
Name: Common juniper, genevrier commun, Siberian juniper, dwarf juniper, Gemeiner Wacholder
Distribution: ?European Turkey; Iceland; Faeroe Isl.; England; Ireland; Denmark; Norway; Sweden; Finland; Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, +Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, +Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; Andorra; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Malta; San Marino; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; N-Greece (mountains); Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; European Russia (W-European Russia, C-European Russia, E-European Russia, N-European Russia); Ukraine; Crimea; Siberia (Altai, Buryatia, Chita, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva, W-Siberia, Yakutia); Kazakhstan; Turkey (Anatolia); Iran; Japan; Myanmar [I]; Argentina [I]
10 DEN FIN FOR GRB ICE IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 ADO COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS MLT MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SMA SRB 14 BLR EST KRY LAT LIT RUS UKR 30 SIB 32 KAZ 34 IRN TUR 38 JAP 41 mya 85 arg
Synonyms: hidden
= Juniperus argaea Bal. ex Parl.; Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 16(2.2): 480 (1868)
= Juniperus borealis Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 397 (1796)
= Juniperus caucasica Fisch. ex Gordon; Pinet. 98 (1858)
= Juniperus communis f. arborescens Zapal.; 293 (1906)
= Juniperus communis f. crispa Browicz & Ziel.; Arbor. Kornickie 19: 42 (1974)
= Juniperus communis f. globosa (Medw.) A.D.Smirnova; 121 (1923)
= Juniperus communis f. ovata (Medw.) A.D.Smirnova; 121 (1923)
= Juniperus communis f. suecica (Mill.) Lindm.; 37 (1926)
= Juniperus communis f. tenuifolia A.D.Smirnova; 122 (1923)
= Juniperus communis lusus coronata (Sanio) Hegi; 91 (1907)
= Juniperus communis subsp. pannonica Pénzes; Bot. Közlem. 57: 48 (1970)
= Juniperus communis var. alpina Chaix; 70 (1785)
= Juniperus communis var. arborea Suter; Helvet. Fl. 2: 292 (1802)
= Juniperus communis var. arborescens Gaudin; Fl. Helv. 6: 301 (1830)
= Juniperus communis var. aurea G.Nicholson; Ill. Dict. Gard. Suppl.: 455 (1900)
= Juniperus communis var. aureospica Rehder; Cult. Evergreens 199 (1923)
= Juniperus communis var. brevifolia Sanio; Ill. Fl. Mitt.-Eur. 1: 91 (1907)
= Juniperus communis var. canadensis (Lodd. ex Burgsd.) Loudon; Arbor. Frutic. Brit. 4: 2490 (1838)
= Juniperus communis var. caucasica Endl.; Syn. Conif. 16 (1847)
= Juniperus communis var. compressa Carrière; Traité Gén. Conif. 22 (1855)
= Juniperus communis var. coronata Sanio; 51 (1883)
= Juniperus communis var. elongata Sanio; 51 (1883)
= Juniperus communis var. erythrocarpa Dumort.; 9 (1827), nom. inval.
= Juniperus communis var. fastigiata Parl.; Prodr. 16(2): 479 (1868)
= Juniperus communis var. hispanica Endl.; Syn. Conif. 15 (1847)
= Juniperus communis var. latifolia Sanio; 51 (1883)
= Juniperus communis var. macrocarpa (Sm.) Spach; Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot. sér. 2, 16: 290 (1841)
= Juniperus communis var. oblonga (M.Bieb.) Parl.; Prodr. 16(2): 479 (1868)
= Juniperus communis var. oblonga-pendula Loudon; Arbor. Frutic. Brit. 4: 2490 (1838)
= Juniperus communis var. pannonica (Pénzes) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung., 16(3-4): 365 (1971)
= Juniperus communis var. pendens Sudw.; Bull. Div. Forest. U. S. D. A. 14: 101 (1897)
= Juniperus communis var. pendula Carrière; Traité Gén. Conif. 23 (1855)
= Juniperus communis var. pendula Loudon; 2490 (1838)
= Juniperus communis var. pendula-aurea Sénécl.; Conifères 84 (1868)
= Juniperus communis var. recta Browicz & Ziel.; Arbor. Kornickie 19: 41 (1974) (without type)
= Juniperus communis var. reflexa Parl.; Prodr. 16(2): 479 (1868)
= Juniperus communis var. stricta Carrière; Traité Gén. Conif. 22 (1855)
= Juniperus communis var. suecica (Mill.) Aiton; 414 (1789)
= Juniperus communis var. variegata-aurea Carrière; Traité Gén. Conif. ed. 2: 19 (1867)
= Juniperus communis var. vulgaris Aiton; 414 (1789), nom. inval.
= Juniperus communis var. vulgaris John Parkinson ex Loudon; 2489 (1838), nom. inval.
= Juniperus compressa Carrière; Conif. ed. I. 22 (1855)
= Juniperus cracovia K.Koch; Dendrologie 2: II. 115 (1873)
= Juniperus davurica Lindl. & Gordon; J. Hort. Soc. 5: 200 (1850)
= Juniperus dealbata Loudon; Encycl. Trees, 1090
= Juniperus difformis Gilib.; Exerc. Phyt. 2: 416 (1792)
= Juniperus echinoformis Rinz ex Bolse; K. Koch, Wochenschr. 11: 284 (1868)
= Juniperus elliptica K.Koch; Dendrologie 2: II. 118 (1873)
= Juniperus fastigiata Knight; Syn. Conif. 11 (1847)
= Juniperus foetidissima Endl.; Syn. Conif. 30 (1847)
= Juniperus hibernica Lodd. ex Loudon; Arboret. 4: 2490
= Juniperus hispanica Booth ex Endl.; Syn. Conif. 15 (1847)
= Juniperus interrupta H.Wendl. ex Endl.; Syn. Conif. 16 (1847)
= Juniperus montana Lindl. & Gordon; J. Hort. Soc. 5: 200 (1850)
= Juniperus oblongo-pendula Loudon ex Beissn.; Handb. Nadelholzk. 137 (1891)
= Juniperus occidentalis Carrière; Conif. ed. I. 54 (1855)
= Juniperus pyramidalis Carrière; Conif. ed. I. 22 (1855)
= Juniperus reflexa Gordon; Pinet. 98 (1858)
= Juniperus saxatilis Lindl. & Gordon; J. Hort. Soc. 5: 200 (1850)
= Juniperus suecica Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. VIII. n. 2 (1768)
= Juniperus taurica Lindl. & Gordon; J. Hort. Soc. 5: 200 (1850)
= Juniperus uralensis Beissn.; Handb. Nadelholzk. 138 (1891)
= Juniperus withmanniana Carrière; Conif. ed. II. 18 (1867)
= Juniperus wittmanniana Steven ex Parl.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 16(2,2): 479 (1868)
= Sabina dealbata (Loudon) Antoine; Cupress. Gatt. 68 (1857)
= Thuiaecarpus juniperinus Trautv.; Imag. Pl. Ross. 11, t. 6 (1844)
variant :
var. charlottensis R.P.Adams; Phytologia 90(2): 192 (-193; maps) (2008)
Distribution: Alaska; Canada (British Columbia)
70 ASK 71 CDN
variant :
var. depressa Pursh; Fl. Amer. Sept. (Pursh) 2: 646 (1813)
Name: Common juniper
Distribution: Alaska; Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Labrador, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Northern Territories, Nunavut, Ontario, Prince Edward Isl., Québec, Saskatchewan, Yukon); St. Pierre et Miquelon; USA (Alabama, Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Iowa, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, North Carolina, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, Nevada, New York, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Utah, Virginia, Vermont, Washington State, Wisconsin, West Virginia, Wyoming)
70 ASK CDN 71 CDN 72 CDN SPM 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juniperus communis subsp. depressa (Pursh) A.E.Murray; Kalmia 12: 21 (1982)
= Juniperus communis subsp. depressa (Pursh) Franco; Bol. Soc. Brot. sér. 2, 36:117 (1962)
= Juniperus canadensis Lodd.; Cat. 47 (1836)
= Juniperus depressa (Pursh) Raf.; Med. Fl. 2: 13 (1830)
variant :
var. hemisphaerica (J.Presl & C.Presl) Parl.; Fl. Ital. (Parl.) 4: 83 (1868)
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; Italy; Sicily; North Macedonia; Bulgaria; Greece (widespread in mainland mountains); European Russia; Crimea; Morocco; Algeria; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus] (Abkhazia, Svaneti, Guria, Adzharia, Javakheti); Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (Anatolia)
12 POR SPA 13 BUL GRC ITA NMA SIC 14 KRY RUS 20 ALG MOR 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Juniperus communis subsp. hemisphaerica (C.Presl) Nyman
= Juniperus depressa Steven; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 30: 398 (1857) (non Rafin 1818)
= Juniperus hemisphaerica C.Presl; J. Presl & C. Presl, Delic. Prag.: 142 (1822)
= Juniperus oxycedrus subsp. hemisphaerica (C.Presl) Em.Schmid; Vierteljahrsschr. Naturf. Ges. Zürich 78: 237 (1933)
variant :
var. kamchatkensis R.P.Adams; Phytologia 94(2): 294 (2012)
Distribution: Russian Far East (Kamchatka)
31 RFE
variant :
var. kelleyi R.P.Adams; Phytologia 95(3): 210, figs. 2-3 (2013)
Distribution: USA (Idaho: Blaine Co.)
73 USA
variant :
var. megistocarpa Fernald & H.St.John; Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist. 36: 58 (1921)
Distribution: Canada (Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Québec)
72 CDN
Synonyms: hidden
= Juniperus communis subsp. megistocarpa (Fernald & H.St.John) Silba; J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 13(1): 7 (2006)
variant :
var. nipponica (Maxim.) E.H.Wilson; Conif. Taxads Japan 81 (1916)
Distribution: Russian Far East (Kamchatka, Kuril Isl., Sakhalin); Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu)
31 RFE 38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Juniperus communis subsp. nipponica (Maxim.) Silba; J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 13: 7 (2006)
= Juniperus rebunensis Kudô & Sasaki; Medic. Pl. Hokk, t. 6 (1922)
= Juniperus rigida subsp. nipponica (Maxim.) Franco; Bol. Soc. Brot. sér. 2, 36: 119 (1962)
= Juniperus nipponica Maxim.; Bull. Acad. Petersb. 12: 230 (1868)
variant :
var. oblonga (M.Bieb.) comb.ined.
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey
33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Juniperus oblonga M.Bieb.; Fl. Taur.-Caucas. 2: 426 (1808)
= Juniperus communis subsp. oblonga (M.Bieb.) Galushko; Trudy Sektora Rast. Res. Komit. Nauk Uzbeksk. SSR 2-3: 165 (1950)
variant :
var. saxatilis Pall.; Fl. Ross. 1(2): 12, t. 4 (1789)
Name: Zwerg-Wacholder (DE)
Distribution: Germany (Bayern); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Portugal; Spain; Andorra; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; Greece (scattered in mainland mountains); Siberia (Altai, Buryatia, Chita, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva, W-Siberia, Yakutia); Russian Far East (Amur, Kamchatka, Khabarovsk, Kuril Isl., Magadan, Primorye, Sakhalin); Kazakhstan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkey (Anatolia); Iran; Afghanistan (Kunar / Nuristan, Paktia / Khost, Parwan); China (Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Xinjiang); Tibet; Mongolia; North Korea; Nepal; Greenland; Canada (British Columbia, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Isl., Yukon); USA (California, Oregon, Washington State)
11 CZE GER LIE SLO SWI 12 ADO COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS MNT NMA SLV SRB 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ KGZ TZK UZB 34 AFG IRN TUR 36 CHI TIB 37 MON 38 NKO 40 NEP 70 CDN GNL 71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juniperus alpina (Suter) Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 226
= Juniperus alpina Godr.; 157 (1855), nom. illeg.
= Juniperus alpina Hill; Brit. Herb. 511 (1756)
= Juniperus alpina Vill.; Hist. Pl. Dauph. 1: 288, 302 (1786), nomen, & Hist. Pl. Dauph. 3: 811(1789), syn.
= Juniperus communis f. pygmaea (K.Koch) R.P.Adams & Tashev; Phytologia 96(2): 128 (2014)
= Juniperus communis subsp. alpina (Suter) Celak.; Prodr. Fl. Böhmen: 17 (1867)
= Juniperus communis subsp. intermedia (Schur) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 6 (1890)
= Juniperus communis subsp. intermedia (Schur) Simonk.; 597 (1887)
= Juniperus communis subsp. montana (Neilr.) Celak.; Prodr. Fl. Böhmen 17 (1867)
= Juniperus communis subsp. nana (Willd.) Syme; Sowerby, Engl. Bot. ed. 3, 8: 275 (1868)
= Juniperus communis subsp. pygmaea (K.Koch) Imkhan.; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 27: 10 (1990)
= Juniperus communis subsp. saxatilis (Pall.) A.E.Murray; Kalmia 12: 21 (1982)
= Juniperus communis subsp. sibirica (Burgsd.) Syme; Engl. Bot. ed. 3, 8: 275 (1868)
= Juniperus communis var. alpina Clus. ex Neilr.; 227 (1858), nom. illeg.
= Juniperus communis var. alpina Suter; Fl. Helv: 292 (1802), nom. illeg.
= Juniperus communis var. intermedia (Schur) Sanio; 51 (1883)
= Juniperus communis var. jackii Rehder; Mitt. Deutsch. Dendrol. Ges. 1907: 70 (1907)
= Juniperus communis var. montana Aiton; Hort. Kew. (Hill) 3: 414 (1789)
= Juniperus communis var. nana (Willd.) Baumg.; Enum. Stirp. Transsilv. 2: 308 (1816)
= Juniperus communis var. nana Dumort.; 9 (1827), nom. inval.
= Juniperus communis var. nana J.Forbes; 203 (1839), nom. illeg.
= Juniperus communis var. nana Loudon; 2489 (1838), nom. illeg.
= Juniperus communis var. oblonga Loudon; 2489 (1838)
= Juniperus communis var. sibirica Rydb.; Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 3: 533 (1896)
= Juniperus intermedia Schur; Verh. Mitth. Siebenbürg. Vereins Naturwiss. Hermannstadt 2: 169 (1851)
= Juniperus nana var. alpina (Gaudin) Hausm.; 805 (1852)
= Juniperus nana var. intermedia (Schur) Sagorski & Gus.Schneider; 570 (1891)
= Juniperus nana var. montana (Aiton) Hausm.; 806 (1852)
= Juniperus nana Willd.; Berlin. Baumz.: 159 (1796) (nom. illeg.)
= Juniperus niemannii E.L.Wolf; Bot. Mater. Gerb. Glavn. Bot. Sada RSFSR 3: 37 (1922)
= Juniperus pygmaea K.Koch; Linnaea 22: 302 (1849)
= Juniperus sibirica Burgsd.; Anleit.: 124 (1787)
= Juniperus sibirica var. montana (Aiton) Beck; Blätt. Vereins Landesk. Nieder-Österreich 1890: 78 (1890)
species :
Juniperus convallium Rehder & E.H.Wilson; Sarg., Fl. Wilson. 2: 62 (1914)
Distribution: China (S-Gansu, SE-Qinghai, W-Sichuan, NW-Yunnan); E-Tibet
36 CHI TIB
Conservation Status: IUCN R
Synonyms: hidden
= Juniperus convallium f. pendula (C.Y.Cheng, W.C.Cheng & L.K.Fu) R.P.Adams; Phytologia 94(3): 396 (2012)
= Juniperus mekongensis Kom.; Not. Syst. Herb. Hort. Petrop. 5: 28 (1924)
= Juniperus ramulosa Florin; Acta Hort. Gothoburg. 3: 5 (1927)
= Sabina convallium (Rehder & E.H.Wilson) W.C.Cheng & L.K.Fu
= Sabina mekongensis Kom.; Bot. Mater. Gerb. Glavn. Bot. Sada R. S. F. S. R. 5: 28 (1924)
= Sabina przewalskii f. pendula C.Y.Cheng, W.C.Cheng & L.K.Fu; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 13(4): 86 (1975)
variant :
var. microsperma (C.Y.Cheng, W.C.Cheng & L.K.Fu) Silba; Phytologia Mem. 7: 33 (1984)
Distribution: China (W-Sichuan); E-Tibet
36 CHI TIB
Conservation Status: IUCN R
Synonyms: hidden
= Juniperus microsperma (C.Y.Cheng, W.C.Cheng & L.K.Fu) R.P.Adams; Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 28(6): 540 (2000)
= Sabina convallium var. microsperma C.Y.Cheng, W.C.Cheng & L.K.Fu; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 13(4): 86 (1975)
= Sabina microsperma (C.Y.Cheng, W.C.Cheng & L.K.Fu) W.C.Cheng & L.K.Fu; Fl. Tibetica 1: 390 (1983)
species :
Juniperus deltoides R.P.Adams; Phytologia 86(2): 47 (2004), nom. nov.
Name: Großfrüchtiger Stech-Wacholder (DE); Large-fruited Juniper (EN)
Distribution: E-Spain; Croatia; Montenegro; North Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece (widespread, incl. Kiklades, Samothraki); Crete (mountains); European Russia; Crimea; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; East Aegaean Isl. (Lesvos, Chios, Samos); Turkey (Anatolia, widespread); NW-Iran; Cyprus; Lebanon; Syria; Israel; Jordania
12 SPA 13 ALB BUL CRO GRC KRI MNT NMA TUE 14 KRY RUS 33 GEO NCS 34 CYP EAI IRN ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Juniperus oxycedrus subsp. deltoides (R.P.Adams) N.G.Passal.; Inform. Bot. Ital. 41(1): 141 (2009)
= Juniperus oxycedrus f. yaltirikiana Avci & Ziel.; Phytol. Balcan. 14(1): 38 (2008)
= Juniperus deltoides f. yaltirikiana (Avci & Ziel.) R.P.Adams; Phytologia 93(3): 298 (2011)
= Juniperus oxycedrus subsp. macrocarpa (Sm.) Neilr.; Verh. K. K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 18(Veget. Croat): 52 (1868)
= Juniperus oxycedrus subsp. macrocarpa (Sm.) Ball; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 16(no. 93): 670 (1877), isonym
= Juniperus oxycedrus var. macrocarpa (Sm.) Silba; J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 7(1): 25 (2000)
= Juniperus macrocarpa Sm.; Sibth. & Sm., Fl. Graec. Prodr. 2: 263 (1816)
variant :
var. spilinanus (Yalt., Eliçin & Terzioglu) Terzioglu; Phytologia 92(2): 161 (2010)
Distribution: Turkey (W-Anatolia: Spildagi NP)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Juniperus oxycedrus var. spilinanus Yalt., Eliçin & Terzioglu; Turkish J. Bot. 31(1): 38 (2007)
species :
Juniperus deppeana Steud.; Nom. ed. II. 1: 835 (1841)
Name: Alligator juniper
Distribution: India [I]; USA (Arizona, New Mexico, Texas); Mexico (Aguascalientes, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nuevo León, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Zacatecas)
40 ind 76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Juniperus deppeana f. elongata R.Adams; Phytologia 87(2): 101 (2005)
= Juniperus gigantea Roezl; Cat. 8
= Juniperus deppeana var. obscura (Martinez) Gaussen; Trav. Lab. Forest. Toulouse sér. 2, 1(2
= Juniperus mexicana Schiede & Deppe; Linnaea 5: 77 (1830)
= Juniperus sabinoides Humb. ex Lindl. & Gordon; J. Hort. Soc. 5: 202 (1850)
= Sabina deppeana (Steud.) Y.Yang & K.S.Mao; Pl. Diversity 44(4): 348 (2022)
= Sabina gigantea (Roezl) Antoine; Cupress. Gatt. 36, t. 48 (1857)
= Sabina mexicana (Schiede & Deppe) Antoine; Cupress. Gatt. 38, t. 51 (1857)
variant :
var. pachyphlaea (Torr.) Martinez; Anales Inst. Biol. Univ. Nac. México 17: 53 (1946)
Distribution: USA (Arizona, New Mexico, W-Texas); Mexico (Sonora)
76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Juniperus deppeana subsp. pachyphlaea (Torr.) Silba; J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 13(1): 8 (2006)
= Juniperus pachyphlaea Torr.; Pacif. Railr. Rep. 4(5, no. 4) [Whipple]. 142 (1857)
= Sabina pachyphloea (Torr.) A.Heller; Muhlenbergia 5: 120 (1909)
= Sabina plochyderma Antoine; Cupress. Gatt. 40, t. 52 (1857)
variant :
var. patoniana (Martínez) Zanoni; Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 4(3): 152 (1976), without basionym ref., et in Phytologia 38(6): 438 (1978)
Distribution: Mexico (Chihuahua, Durango, Sonora, Zacatecas)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Juniperus deppeana subsp. patoniana (Martínez) Silba; J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 13(1): 9 (2006)
= Juniperus patoniana Martínez; An. Inst. Biol., Mexico 17: 62 (1946)
variant :
var. robusta Martínez; Anales Inst. Biol. Univ. Nac. México 17: 47, fig. 35-39 (1946)
Distribution: Mexico
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Juniperus deppeana subsp. robusta (Martínez) Silba; J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 13(1): 9 (2006)
variant :
var. sperryi Correll; Wrightia 3: 188 (1966)
Distribution: USA (W-Texas, Arizona, New Mexico); Mexico (Sonora)
76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Juniperus deppeana f. sperryi (Correll) R.P.Adams; Brittonia 25(3): 289 (1973)
= Juniperus deppeana subsp. sperryi (Correll) A.E.Murray; Kalmia 13: 8 (1983)
variant :
var. zacatecensis Martínez; Anales Inst. Biol. Univ. Nac. México 17: 57, fig. 44-48 (1946)
Distribution: Mexico (Durango, W-Zacatecas)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Juniperus deppeana f. zacatecensis (Martínez) R.P.Adams; Phytologia 88(3): 229 (2006)
= Juniperus deppeana subsp. zacatecensis (Martínez) Silba; J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 13(1): 9 (2006)
= Juniperus zacatecensis (Martinez) Gaussen; Trav. Lab. Forest. Toulouse sér. 2, 1(2
species :
Juniperus drupacea Labill.; Icon. Pl. Syr. 2: 14 (1791)
Name: Syrian juniper (EN), Griechischer Wacholder (DE)
Distribution: Greece (SE-Peloponnisos); Turkey (S- and W-Anatolia, coastal); Lebanon; Syria; Israel
13 GRC 34 ISR LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Arceuthos drupacea (Labill.) Antoine & Kotschy; Oesterr. Bot. Wochenbl. 4: 249 (1854)
= Juniperus duplicata Göpp.; Ind. Hort. Vratislav. (1871)
species :
Juniperus durangensis Martínez; Anales Inst. Biol. Univ. Nac. México 17: 94 (1946)
Distribution: Mexico (Aguascalientes, Chihuahua, Durango, Jalisco, Sinaloa, Sonora, Zacatecas)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Sabina durangensis (Martínez) Y.Yang & K.S.Mao; Pl. Diversity 44(4): 348 (2022)
variant :
var. topiensis R.P.Adams & S.González; Phytologia 94(1): 46 (2012)
Distribution: Mexico (Durango)
79 MEX
species :
Juniperus excelsa M.Bieb.; Tabl. Prov. Mer Casp.: 204 (1798)
subspecies :
subsp. excelsa
Name: Greek juniper, dhup
Distribution: Italy [I]; North Macedonia; Albania; S-Bulgaria; N-Greece (mountains, Thasos, Samothraki); Crimea; Mauritius [I]; La Réunion [I]; Uzbekistan [I]; Northern Caucasus; Turkey (Anatolia); Iran; Cyprus; Lebanon; Syria
13 ALB BUL GRC ita NMA 14 KRY 29 mau reu 32 uzb 33 NCS 34 CYP IRN LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Juniperus aegaea Griseb.; Veg. Erde, 378, 572
= Juniperus excelsa Griff.; Not. Pl. Asiat. 4: 26 (1854)
= Juniperus excelsa var. depressa O.Schwarz; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 36: 66 (1934)
= Juniperus foetida var. excelsa (M.Bieb.) Spach; Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot. sér. 2, 16: 297 (1841)
= Juniperus himalayaensis Carrière; Man. Pl. 4: 314
= Juniperus isophyllos K.Koch; Linnaea 22: 304 (1849)
= Juniperus lasdeliana Laws. ex Gordon; Pinet. 105 (1858)
= Juniperus lorulasi K.Koch; Dendrologie 2: II. 135 (1873)
= Juniperus lorulazi Carrière; Conif. ed. II. 36 (1867)
= Juniperus olivierii Carrière; Conif. ed. I. 57 (1855)
= Juniperus perkinsii Gordon; Pinet. ed. II. 144 (1862)
= Juniperus religiosa Endl.; Syn. Conif. 26 (1847)
= Juniperus sabina Gueldenst.; Reis. Russland (Gueldenst.) 1: 98 (1787) non L.
= Juniperus sabina var. excelsa (M.Bieb.) Georgi; Beschr. Russ. Reich. 3(5): 1358 (1800)
= Juniperus stricta Gordon; Pinet. ed. II. 144 (1862)
= Juniperus venusta Gordon; Pinet. ed. II. 144 (1862)
= Sabina excelsa (M.Bieb.) Antoine; Cupress. Gatt. 45, t. 60 (1857)
= Sabina isophyllos (K.Koch) Antoine; Cupress. Gatt. 48. tt. 64-66 (1857)
= Sabina olivierii (Carrière) Antoine; Cupress. Gatt. 70 (1857)
= Sabina religiosa Antoine; Cupress. Gatt. 47, t. 61 (1857)
subspecies :
subsp. polycarpos (K.Koch) Takht.; Takhtadzhyan & Fedorov. Fl. Erevana: 53 (1972)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus] (Kartli, Kiziki); Armenia; Azerbaijan; E-Turkey (Anatolia); Iran; Afghanistan (Badakshan, Wakhan, Badghys, Baghlan, Balkh, Bamyan, Faryab, Herat, Kunar / Nuristan, Logar, Nangarhar, Paktia / Khost, Parwan, Takhar); Saudi Arabia; Oman; Pakistan (Quetta, N-Pakistan); N-India (Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir)
32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG IRN TUR 35 OMA SAU 40 IND PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Juniperus excelsa f. glauca Priszter; Acta. Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung., 22(1-2): 207 (1976 publ. 1977) (without type)
= Juniperus excelsa subsp. seravschanica (Kom.) Imkhan.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 75: 407 (1990)
= Juniperus excelsa subsp. turcomanica (B.Fedtsch.) Imkhan.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 75(3): 408 (1990)
= Juniperus excelsa var. farreana Mehra; (1976)
= Juniperus excelsa var. pendula (Mulk.) Imkhan.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 75(3): 407 (1990)
= Juniperus excelsa var. polycarpos (K.Koch) Silba; Phytologia Mem. 7: 34 (1984)
= Juniperus excelsa var. seravschanica (Kom.) R.P.Adams; Phytologia 98(3): 227 (2016)
= Juniperus excelsa var. turcomanica (B.Fedtsch.) R.P.Adams; Phytologia 98(3): 227 (2016)
= Juniperus kulsaica Dmitrieva
= Juniperus macropoda Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 5: 709 (1884)
= Juniperus pingii subsp. polycarpos (K.Koch) Takht.; Fl. Erevana 53 (1972)
= Juniperus polycarpos K.Koch; Linnaea 22: 303 (1849)
= Juniperus polycarpos subsp. turcomanica (B.Fedtsch.) Silba; J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 13(1): 14 (2006)
= Juniperus polycarpos var. pendula Mulk.; Dokl. Akad. Nauk Armyanskoi S. S. R. 45(2): 86 (1967)
= Juniperus polycarpos var. seravschanica (Kom.) Kitam.; Pl. W. Pakist. Add. Afg.: 68 (1966)
= Juniperus polycarpos var. turcomanica (B.Fedtsch.) R.P.Adams; Phytologia 86(2): 50 (2004)
= Juniperus polysperma Dmitrieva
= Juniperus seravschanica Kom.; J. Bot. URSS 17: 481 (1932), Kom., Fl. URSS 1: 187 (1934)
= Juniperus turcomanica B.Fedtsch.; B. Fedtsch. & al., Fl. Turkm. 1: 14 (1932)
= Juniperus turcomanica var. seravschanica (Kom.) R.P.Adams; Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 27(7): 721 (1999)
= Juniperus zaanzinica Dmitrieva
= Sabina polycarpos Antoine; Cupress. Gatt. 47, t. 63 (1857)
= Sabina seravschanica (Kom.) Nevski; Acta Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS, Ser. 1, Fasc. 4, 245 (1937)
= Sabina turcomanica (B.Fedtsch.)Nevski; Acta Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS, Ser. 1, Fasc. 4, 218 (1937), obs.
species :
Juniperus flaccida Schltdl.; Linnaea 12: 495 (1838)
Name: Drooping juniper
Distribution: USA (W-Texas: Chisos Mts.); Mexico (Aguascalientes, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Colima, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Nuevo León, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Zacatecas)
77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Juniperus flaccida var. gigantea (Roezl) Gaussen
= Juniperus gracilis Endl.; Syn. Conif. 31 (1847)
= Sabina flaccida (Schltdl.) Antoine; Cupress. Gatt. 37, t. 49 (1857)
variant :
var. martinezii (Pérez de la Rosa) Silba; Phytologia 58(6): 367 (1985)
Distribution: Mexico (Aguascalientes, Guanajuato, Jalisco, Puebla, San Luis Potosi, Veracruz, Zacatecas)
79 MEX
Conservation Status: IUCN R
Synonyms: hidden
= Juniperus flaccida subsp. martinezii (Pérez de la Rosa) Silba; J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 13(1): 9 (2006)
= Juniperus martinezii Pérez de la Rosa; Phytologia 57(2): 81 (1985)
= Sabina martinezii (Pérez de la Rosa) Y.Yang & K.S.Mao; Pl. Diversity 44(4): 348 (2022)
species :
Juniperus foetidissima Willd.; Sp. Pl. 4: 853 (1806)
Name: Stinkender Wacholder (DE), Stinking Juniper (EN)
Distribution: Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Greece (mountains in mainland, Athos); Crimea; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus] (Kartli, Kiziki, Trialeti); Armenia; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl.; Iran; Cyprus; Lebanon
13 ALB GRC KOS NMA SRB 14 KRY 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 CYP EAI IRN LEB
Synonyms: hidden
= Juniperus foetida Spach; Hist. Veg. Phan. 11: 314 (1841)
= Juniperus foetida var. squarrulosa Spach; Hist. Nat. Vég. 11: 321 (1842)
= Juniperus foetidissima var. pindicola Formánek; (1896) (Pindos, Greece, sometimes recognized as bona var.)
= Juniperus foetidissima var. squarrosa Medw.; Trudy Bot. Sada Imp. Yur´evsk. Univ. 3: 229 (1903)
= Juniperus phoenicea Pall.; Fl. Ross. 2: 16, t. 57 (1789) (non L., 1753)
= Juniperus sabina Sm.; Fl. Graec. Prodr. 2(2): 264 (1816) non L.
= Juniperus sabinoides Griseb.; Spicil. Fl. Rumel. 2: 352 (1846)
= Juniperus thurifera Hort.Par. ex Endl.; Syn. Conif. 25 (1847)
= Sabina foetidissima (Willd.) Antoine; Cupress. Gatt. 49. tt. 67-71 (1857)
= Sabina foetidissima var. bonatiana (Vis.) Antoine; Cupress.-Gatt. 49 (1857)
= Sabina grisebachii Antoine; Cupress. Gatt. 61 (1857)
species :
Juniperus formosana Hayata; J. Coll. Sci. Tokyo 25: Art. 19, 209 (1908)
Name: Formosan juniper, prickly cypress
Distribution: China (S-Anhui, W-Fujian, E-Gansu, Guizhou, W-Hubei, S-Hunan, S-Jiangsu, Jiangxi, NE-Qinghai, S-Shaanxi, Sichuan, S-Yunnan, Zhejiang); Tibet; Taiwan
36 CHI TIB 38 TAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Juniperus chekiangensis Nakai; Tyosen Sanrin Kaiho No. 163 (Indig. Spec. Conif. & Taxads Korea & Manchur. II.) 26 (1938), in syn.
= Juniperus formosana subsp. mairei (Lemée & H.Lév.) Silba; J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 13(1): 10 (2006)
= Juniperus formosana var. concolor Hayata; Icon. Pl. Formosan. 7: 39 (1918)
= Juniperus formosana var. mairei (Lemée & H.Lév.) R.P.Adams & C.F.Hsieh; Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 30(3): 239 (2002)
= Juniperus formosana var. sinica Nakai; Tyosen Sanrin Kaiho 163: 26 (1938)
= Juniperus mairei Lemée & H.Lév.; Le Monde des Plantes 1914 16: 20
= Juniperus oblonga var. pendula Knight & Perry
species :
Juniperus gamboana Martínez; An. Inst. Biol., Mexico 15: 7 (1944)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas); Guatemala
79 MEX 80 GUA
Conservation Status: IUCN V
Synonyms: hidden
= Juniperus deppeana var. gamboana (Martínez) R.P.Adams; Phytologia 88(3): 229 (2006)
species :
Juniperus gaussenii W.C.Cheng; Trav. Lab. For. Toulouse, Tome I. 3: Art. 8, 3 (1940)
Distribution: China (C-Yunnan)
36 CHI
Remarks: status very doubtful, probably a sterile garden cultivar or possibly of hybrid origin
Synonyms: hidden
= Juniperus chinensis var. gaussenii (W.C.Cheng) Silba; Phytologia 68(1): 32 (1990)
= Sabina gaussenii (W.C.Cheng) W.C.Cheng & W.T.Wang
species :
Juniperus gracilior Pilg.; Urb. Symb. Antill. 7: 481 (1913)
Name: Sabina (Dominican Republic), Weeping sabina, Cedre (Haiti)
Distribution: Hispaniola (Dominican Republic)
81 HIS
Conservation Status: IUCN E
Synonyms: hidden
= Sabina gracilior (Pilg.) Y.Yang & K.S.Mao; Pl. Diversity 44(4): 348 (2022)
variant :
var. ekmanii (Florin) R.P.Adams; Phytologia 78(2): 144 (1995)
Distribution: Hispaniola (Haiti, Dominican Republic)
81 HIS
Synonyms: hidden
= Juniperus ekmanii Florin; Arkiv Bot., Stockh. 25: A. No. 5. 14 (1933)
= Juniperus gracilior subsp. ekmanii (Florin) Silba; J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 13(1): 10 (2006)
variant :
var. urbaniana (Pilg. & Ekman) R.P.Adams; Phytologia 78(2): 144 (1995)
Distribution: Hispaniola (Haiti, Dominican Republic)
81 HIS
Synonyms: hidden
= Juniperus barbadensis subsp. urbaniana (Pilg. & Ekman) Borhidi; Acta Bot. Hung., 37(1-4): 90 (1992)
= Juniperus barbadensis var. urbaniana (Pilg. & Ekman) Silba; Phytologia 56(5): 341 (1984)
= Juniperus gracilior subsp. urbaniana (Pilg. & Ekman) Silba; J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 13(1): 10 (2006)
= Juniperus urbaniana Pilg. & Ekman; Arkiv Bot., Stockh. 20: A. No. 15, 9 (1926)
species :
Juniperus horizontalis Moench; Meth. 699 (1794)
Name: Creeping juniper, savinier, genevrier horizontal
Distribution: Alaska; Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Labrador, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Northern Territories, Nunavut, Ontario, Prince Edward Isl., Québec, Saskatchewan, Yukon); St. Pierre et Miquelon; USA (Connecticut, Iowa, Illinois, Massachusetts, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New York, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Vermont, Wisconsin, Wyoming)
70 ASK CDN 71 CDN 72 CDN SPM 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juniperus horizontalis subsp. hamptonensis Silba; J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 11(1): 28 (2004)
= Juniperus horizontalis subsp. neopangaea Silba; J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 11(1): 28 (31) (2004)
= Juniperus horizontalis var. douglasii Rehder; L. H. Bailey, Stand. Cycl. Hort. 3: 1729 (1915)
= Juniperus hudsonica F.B.Forbes; Pinet. Woburn. 208 (1839)
= Juniperus prostrata Pers.; Syn. Pl. [Persoon] 2(2): 632 (1807)
= Juniperus repens Nutt.; Gen. N. Amer. Pl. [Nuttall]. 2: 245 (1818)
= Juniperus virginiana var. prostrata (Pers.) Torr.; Fl. New York 2: 235 (1847)
= Sabina horizontalis (Moench) Rydb.; Bull. Torr. Bot. Club 39: 100 (1912)
= Sabina prostrata (Pers.) Antoine; Cupress. Gatt. 57, t. 79
species :
Juniperus indica Bertol.; Misc. Bot. 23: 228, t. 1 (1862)
Distribution: China (NW-Yunnan, W-Sichuan); E-Tibet; S-Tibet; N-Pakistan; Nepal; Bhutan; NW-India (Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarh Pradesh)
36 CHI TIB 40 BHU IND NEP PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Juniperus excelsa Wall.; Numer. List no. 6041 (1832), nomen
= Juniperus wallichiana Hook.f. & H.H.Thomas. ex Parl.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 16(2): 482 (1868), pro syn.) ex Brandis, For. Fl. Ind.: 537 (1874)
= Juniperus wallichiana var. loderi Hornibr.; Gard. Chron. ser. 3, 85: 50 (1929)
= Juniperus wallichiana var. meionocarpa Hand.-Mazz.; Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.-Naturwiss. Kl., Anz. 61: 107 (1924)
= Sabina indica (Bertol.) L.K.Fu & Y.F.Yu; L. K. Fu & T. Hong (eds.), Higher Pl. China 3: 90 (2000)
= Sabina wallichiana Kom.; Not. Syst. Herb. Hort. Petrop. 5: 26 (1924), syn.
variant :
var. caespitosa Farjon; Monogr. Cupressaceae Sciadopitys 313 (2005)
Distribution: Tibet; Nepal
36 TIB 40 NEP
species :
Juniperus jaliscana Martínez; An. Inst. Biol., Mexico 17: 69 (1946)
Distribution: Mexico (S-Durango, NW-Jalisco)
79 MEX
Conservation Status: IUCN E
Synonyms: hidden
= Sabina jaliscana (Martínez) Y.Yang & K.S.Mao; Pl. Diversity 44(4): 348 (2022)
species :
Juniperus komarovii Florin; Acta Hort. Gothoburg. 3: 3 (1927)
Distribution: China (S-Gansu, SE-Qinghai, NW-Sichuan)
36 CHI
Conservation Status: IUCN R
Synonyms: hidden
= Juniperus glaucescens Florin; Acta Hort. Gothoburg. 3: 5 (1927)
= Sabina komarovii (Florin) W.C.Cheng & W.T.Wang; Trees of China 1: 261 (1961)
species :
Juniperus maderensis (Menezes) R.P.Adams; Phytologia 92(1): 53 (2010)
Distribution: Madeira (Madeira Isl.)
21 MDR
Synonyms: hidden
= Juniperus cedrus subsp. maderensis (Menezes) Rivas Mart., Capelo, J.C.Costa, Lousã, Fontinha, R.Jardim & M.Seq.; Itinera Geobot. 15(2): 703 (2002)
= Juniperus oxycedrus subsp. maderensis Menezes; Bull. Acad. Int. Geogr. Bot. 18(227-228): xii (1908)
= Juniperus cedrus f. fastigiata R.M.S.Vieira; Bol. Mus. Mun. Funchal 49: 143 (1997)
species :
Juniperus monosperma (Engelm.) Sarg.; Silva N. Am. 10: 89 (1896)
Name: Oneseed juniper
Distribution: USA (Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Texas, Utah); Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Nuevo León, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Zacatecas)
73 USA 74 USA 76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Juniperus californica var. monosperma (Engelm.) Lemmon; Cone-bear. Trees Pacif. Slope ed. 2: 17 (1892)
= Juniperus gymnocarpa (Lemmon) Cory; Rhodora 38: 184 (1936)
= Juniperus occidentalis var. gymnocarpa Lemmon; Cone-bear. Trees Pacif. Slope 80 (1895)
= Juniperus occidentalis var. monosperma Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 3: 590. [reprint, 8.] (1877)
= Sabina monosperma (Engelm.) Rydb.; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 32: 598 (1905)
species :
Juniperus monticola Martínez; An. Inst. Biol., Mexico 17: 79 (1946), nom. illegit.
Distribution: Mexico (Aguascalientes, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Colima, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nuevo León, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Tamaulipas, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Zacatecas); Trinidad [I]
79 MEX 81 trt
Synonyms: hidden
= Cupressus tetragona Humb. & Bonpl. ex Carrière; Conif. ed. II. 33 (1867)
= Juniperus sabinoides f. monticola (Martínez) I.M.Johnst.; Taxon 34(3): 505 (1985) (nom. nov.)
= Juniperus tetragona Schltdl.; Linnaea 12: 495 (1838) non Moench (1794)
= Sabina monticola (Martínez) Y.Yang & K.S.Mao; Pl. Diversity 44(4): 348 (2022)
= Sabina sabinoides Small; Fl. S. E. U. S. 33 (1903)
= Sabina tetragona Antoine; Cupress. Gatl. 40, t. 53
species :
f.compacta Martínez Anales Inst. Biol. Univ. Nac. México 17: 85, fig. 71-73 (1946)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Colima, Ciudad de Mexico, Jalisco, Mexico State, Nuevo León, Tlaxcala, Veracruz)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Sabina compacta (Martínez) Y.Yang & K.S.Mao; Pl. Diversity 44(4): 347 (2022)
= Cupressus sabinoides Kunth; Nov. Gen. & Sp. 2: 3 (1817)
= Juniperus mexicana Spreng.; Syst. 3: 909 (1826) (nom. superfl. illeg.)
= Juniperus monticola subsp.compacta (Martínez) Silba; J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 13(1): 12 (2006)
= Juniperus sabinoides (Kunth) Nees; Linnaea 19: 706 (1847)
form :
f. compacta Martínez f.orizabensis Martínez; Anales Inst. Biol. Univ. Nac. México 17: 91 (1946)
Distribution: Mexico (Veracruz, etc.)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Juniperus sabinoides f. orizabensis (Martínez) I.M.Johnst.; Taxon 34(3): 506 (1985)
= Juniperus monticola subsp. orizabensis (Martínez) Silba; J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 13(1): 12 (2006)
species :
Juniperus occidentalis Hook.; Fl. Bor. Am. 2: 166 (1838)
Name: Yellow juniper
Distribution: USA (California, Idaho, Nevada, Oregon, Washington State)
73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Chamaecyparis boursieri Decne.; Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 1: 70 (1854)
= Cupressus bacciformis Knight ex Gordon; Pinet. Suppl. 38 (1862)
= Juniperus dealbata Knight; Syn. Conif. 12 (1847)
= Juniperus excelsa Pursh; Fl. Am. Sept. 2: 647 (1813)
= Juniperus hermanni K.Koch; Dendrologie 2: II. 141 (1873)
= Juniperus occidentalis var. texana Vasey; Dept. Rep. Dept. Agric. (Washington, DC) 1875: 185 (1876)
= Juniperus occidentalis f. corbetii R.P.Adams; Phytologia 94(1): 29 (22-34) (2012)
= Juniperus pyriformis A.Murray bis; Gard. Chron 420 (1855)
= Sabina occidentalis (Hook.) Antoine; Cupress. Gatt. 64. tt. 85-86 (1857)
= Sabina occidentalis (Hook.) A.Heller; Muhlenbergia 50: 47
variant :
var. australis (Vasek) A.H.Holmgren & N.H.Holmgren; Intermountain Fl. 1: 239 (1972)
Name: Western juniper
Distribution: USA (California, Nevada)
76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juniperus grandis R.P.Adams; Phytologia 88(3): 306 (2006), nom. nov.
= Juniperus occidentalis subsp. australis Vasek; Brittonia 18: 352 (1966)
= Sabina grandis (R.P.Adams) Y.Yang & K.S.Mao; Pl. Diversity 44(4): 348 (2022)
species :
Juniperus osteosperma (Torr.) Little; Leafl. West. Bot. 5: 125 (1948)
Name: Utah juniper
Distribution: USA (Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, New Mexico, Nevada, Utah, Wyoming)
73 USA 76 USA 77 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juniperus californica subsp. osteosperma (Torr.) A.E.Murray; Kalmia 12: 21 (1982)
= Juniperus californica var. osteosperma (Torr.) L.D.Benson; L. D. Benson & R. A. Darrow, Trees & Shrubs of Southwest. Deserts (ed. 3): 377 (1981)
= Juniperus californica var. utahensis Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 3: 588. [reprint, 6.] (1877)
= Juniperus knightii A.Nelson; Bot. Gaz. 25: 198 (1898)
= Juniperus megalocarpa Sudw.; Forest. Irrig. 13: 307, figs. 1, 2 (1907)
= Juniperus monosperma var. knightii (A.Nelson) Lemmon; Cone-bear. Trees Pacif. Slope, ed. 4. ed. 4: 114 (1900)
= Juniperus occidentalis var. utahensis (Engelm.) A.H.Kent; Man. Conif. 289 (1881)
= Juniperus tetragona var. osteosperma Torr.; Pacif. Railr. Rep. 4(5, no. 4) [Whipple] 141 (142) (1857)
= Juniperus utahensis (Engelm.) Lemmon; Rep. Calif. Stat. Board. For. 183 (1890)
= Juniperus utahensis var. megalocarpa Sarg.; Bot. Gaz. 67: 208 (1919)
= Juniperus utahensis var. megalocarpa Sudw.; Check List For. Trees U. S. 41 (1927)
= Sabina osteosperma (Torr.) Antoine; Cupress. Gatt. 51 (1857)
= Sabina utahensis (Engelm.) Rydb.; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 598 (1905)
species :
Juniperus oxycedrus L.; Sp. Pl.: 1038 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. oxycedrus
Name: Stechwacholder (DE), prickly juniper (EN)
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; Baleares; France; Monaco; Corsica; Sardinia; NW-Italy; San Marino; Slovenia [I]; Croatia [I]; Bosnia & Hercegovina [I]; Montenegro [I]; Serbia; Kosovo [I]; Greece (coastal mainland, Kiklades); Crete; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; East Aegaean Isl. (Ikaria, Samos, Dodecanese, Kos, Rhodos, Karpathos); Anatolia
12 BAL COR FRA MCO POR SAR SPA 13 bih cro GRC ITA kos KRI mnt slv SMA SRB 20 ALG MOR TUN 34 EAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Juniperus attica Orph.; Heldr. Nutzpfl. Griech. 13
= Juniperus biasoletti Link; Atti 7ma. Riun. Scienz. It. Napoli 878 (1846)
= Juniperus bieberstieniana K.Koch; Dendrologie 2: II. 112 (1873)
= Juniperus echinoformis Carrière; Conif. ed. II. 13 (1867)
= Juniperus elliptica Carrière; Conif. ed. I. 11 (1855)
= Juniperus fortunei Carrière; Conif. ed. I. 11 (1855)
= Juniperus glauca Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 397 (1796)
= Juniperus grandifolius Link; Phys. Beschr. Canar. Ins. [Buch] 159 (1825)
= Juniperus heterocarpa Timb.-Lagr. ex Loret & Barrandon; Pl. Montpel. 610 (1876)
= Juniperus lobelii Guss.; Fl. Sicul. Syn. 2: 63 5 (1845) 20. 14. 38
= Juniperus macrocarpa Ten.; Syll. Pl. Fl. Neapol. 483, partim (1831)
= Juniperus macrocarpa var. ellipsoidea Neilr.; Verh. K. K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 19: 780 (1869)
= Juniperus macrocarpa var. globosa Neilr.; Verh. K. K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 19: 780 (1869)
= Juniperus marschalliana Steven; Bull. Soc. Nat. Mosc. 29: I. 244 (1856), & 30 (1857) I. 397
= Juniperus neaboriensis Laws. ex Gordon; Pinet. 96 (1858)
= Juniperus oblongata Guss.; Fl. Sicul. Syn. 2: 635, textu
= Juniperus oxycedrina St.-Lag.; Ann. Soc. Bot. Lyon 7: 128 (1880)
= Juniperus oxycedrus f. densa Jovan.; M. R. Saric (ed.), Fl. Serbia 1: 413 (1992)
= Juniperus oxycedrus f. parvifolia Novák
= Juniperus oxycedrus f. viminalis Jovan.; M. R. Saric (ed.), Fl. Serbia 1: 413 (1992)
= Juniperus oxycedrus subsp. hemisphaerica (C.Presl) Em.Schmid ex Atzei & V.Picci; Arch. Bot. Biogeogr. It., 49(1-2): 4 (1972 publ. 1973) (without basionym ref.)
= Juniperus oxycedrus subsp. lagunae (Pau ex C.Vicioso) Rivas Mart.; Itinera Geobot. 15(2): 703 (2002), nom. inval.
= Juniperus oxycedrus subsp. rufescens Debeaux; Fl. Kabylie 411 (1894)
= Juniperus oxycedrus var. brachyphylla Loret; Annot. Fl. France Allemagne 282 (1865)
= Juniperus oxycedrus var. brevifolia Seub.; Fl. Azor. 26 (1844)
= Juniperus oxycedrus var. fastigiata Jovan.; M. R. Saric (ed.), Fl. Serbia 1: 413 (1992)
= Juniperus oxycedrus var. microcarpa Neilr.; Veg. Croat. 52 (1968)
= Juniperus oxycedrus var. parvifolia (Novák) Jovan.; M. R. Saric (ed.), Fl. Serbia 1: 218 (1992)
= Juniperus oxycedrus var. rufescens Carrière; Traité Gén. Conif. ed. 2, 2: 13 (1867)
= Juniperus oxycedrus var. wittmanniana Carrière; Traité Gén. Conif. 14 (1855)
= Juniperus rufescens Link; Flora 29: 579 (1846)
= Juniperus sphaerocarpa Antoine; Cupress. Gatt. 11, t. 10 (1857)
= Juniperus taurica Fox-Strangw. ex Gordon; Pinet. 100 (1858)
= Juniperus tenella Antoine; Cupress. Gatt. 20, 27-29
= Juniperus umbilicata Godr.; Gren. & Godr., Fl. France 3: 158 (1855)
= Juniperus willkommii Antoine; Cupress. Gatt. 9, t. 7 (1857)
= Juniperus wittmanniana Fisch. ex Lindl.; J. Hort. Soc. 5: 200 (1850)
= Oxycedrus echinoformis Carrière; Conif. ed. II. 13 (1867)
= Oxycedrus withmanniana Carrière; Conif. ed. II. 13 (1867)
= Sabina phoenicea var. lobelii (Guss.) Antoine; Cupress.-Gatt. 43 (1857)
subspecies :
subsp. badia (H.Gay) Debeaux; Fl. Kabylie 411 (1894)
Distribution: E-Portugal; C-Spain; Algeria
12 POR SPA 20 ALG
Synonyms: hidden
= Juniperus oxycedrus var. badia H.Gay; Compt. Rend. Assoc. Franc. Avancem. Sci. 1889: 501 (1889)
= Juniperus badia (H.Gay) Rivas Mart., Molero Mesa, Marfíl & G.Benítez; Naturalia Cantabricae 8 Esp.(3): 119 (2020)
subspecies :
subsp. transtagana Franco; Feddes Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 68: 166 (1963)
Distribution: S-Portugal; SW-Spain
12 POR SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juniperus oxycedrus var. transtagana (Franco) Silba; Phytologia Mem. 7: 35 (1984)
= Juniperus navicularis Gand.; Bull. Soc. Bot France 57: 55 (1910)
species :
Juniperus phoenicea L.; Sp. Pl.: 1040 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. phoenicea
Name: Phönizischer Wacholder (DE); Phoenician juniper (EN)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Portugal; Spain; Andorra; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Croatia; Albania; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (Anatolia); Iran; Cyprus; Sinai peninsula; Jordania; Saudi Arabia
11 ger 12 ADO BAL COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB CRO GRC ITA KRI SIC 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN 34 CYP EAI IRN JOR SIN TUR 35 SAU
Synonyms: hidden
= Cupressus bacciformis Willd.; Enum. Hort. Berol. Suppl. 64 (1814) (nomen)
= Cupressus devoniana Beissn.; Handb. Nadelholzk. 116 (1891)
= Juniperus bacciformis (Willd.) Carrière; Conif. ed. I. 56 (1855)
= Juniperus divaricata Carrière; Conif. ed. II. 51 (1867)
= Juniperus formosa Carrière; Conif. ed. II. 51 (1867)
= Juniperus langoldiana Gordon; Pinet. Suppl. 38 (1862)
= Juniperus lycia L.; Sp. Pl.: 1039 (1753)
= Juniperus malacocarpa Carrière; Conif. ed. II. 50 (1867)
= Juniperus myosuros Sénécl.; Cat. 35 (1854)
= Juniperus myurus Beissn.; Handb. Nadelholzk. 117 (1891)
= Juniperus oophora Kunze; Flora (Regensburg) 29: 637 (1846)
= Juniperus phoenicea var. lobelii Guss.; Pl. Rar. 370 (1826)
= Juniperus phoenicea var. lycia (L.) St.-Lag.; Étude Fl. éd. 8 2: 762 (1889)
= Juniperus phoenicea var. macrocarpa St.-Lag.; Étude Fl. éd. 8 2: 762 (1889)
= Juniperus phoenicea var. malacocarpa Endl.; Syn. Conif. 30 (1847)
= Juniperus phoenicea var. pyramidalis Carrière; Traité Gén. Conif. 51 (1855)
= Juniperus phoenicea var. sclerocarpa Endl.; Syn. Conif. 30 (1847)
= Juniperus terminalis Salisb.; Prod. 397 (1796)
= Juniperus tetragona Moench; Meth. 699 (1794)
= Juniperus thurifera Carrière; Conif. ed. II. 50 (1867)
= Oxicedrus licia Garsault; Fig. Pl. Anim. Med, t. 89 (1764), Descr. Pl. Anim. 65 (1767), Thell. in Bull. Herb. Boiss. Ser. II. 8: 784
= Sabina bacciformis (Willd.) Antoine; Cupress. Gatt. 69 (1857)
= Sabina lycia (L.) Antoine; Cupress. Gatt. 44, t. 59 (1857)
= Sabina phoenicea (L.) Antoine; Cupress. Gatt. 42, t. 57 (1857)
= Sabinella phoenicea (L.) Nakai; Tyosen Sanrin Kaiho, No. 165 (Indig. Spec. Conif. & Taxads Korea & Manchur. III.) 14 (1938)
subspecies :
subsp. canariensis (Guyot) Romo, Mazur, Salvà-Catarineu & Borat.; Phytotaxa 406(1): 66 (2019)
Name: Kanaren-Wacholder (DE); Sabina canaria (ES)
Distribution: Madeira (Madeira Isl., Porto Santo Isl.); Canary Isl. (Hierro, La Palma, Gomera, Tenerife, Gran Canaria)
21 CNY MDR
Synonyms: hidden
= Juniperus canariensis Guyot; Trav. Lab. For. Toulouse, Tome I. 3: Art. 20, 7 (1942)
= Juniperus turbinata subsp. canariensis (Guyot) Rivas Mart., Wildpret & P.Pérez; Itinera Geobot. 7: 511 (1993)
= Juniperus phoenicea subsp. canariensis (Guyot) D.Pav., Véla & Médail; Ecol. Medit. 46(2): 93 (2021), isonym
subspecies :
subsp. turbinata (Guss.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 676 (1881)
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; Baleares; S-France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Pantelleria; Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); Greece (widespread in lowlands, Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (Lesvos, Chios, Ikaria, Samos, Kos, Dodecanese, Simi, Rhodos, Karpathos, Kasos); Anatolia; Morocco; Tunisia
12 BAL COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 GRC ITA KRI PEL PTL SIC 20 MOR TUN 34 EAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Juniperus turbinata Guss.; Fl. Sicul. Syn. 2: 634 (1845)
= Sabina turbinata (Guss.) Antoine; Cupress. Gatt. 41, t. 56 (1857)
= Juniperus phoenicea var. turbinata (Guss.) Parl.; Prodr. 16(2): 487 (1868)
species :
Juniperus pinchotii Sudw.; Forestry & Irrig. 11: 203, US. Dept. Agric Exp. Stat. Rec. 17: 151 (1905)
Name: Pinchot juniper, Redberry juniper
Distribution: USA (New Mexico, Oklahoma, Texas); Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Guanajuato, Jalisco, Nuevo León, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Zacatecas)
74 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Juniperus erythrocarpa Cory; Rhodora 38: 186 (1936)
= Juniperus monosperma var. pinchotii (Sudw.) Melle; Phytologia 4: 29 (1952)
= Juniperus pinchotii var. erythrocarpa (Cory) Silba; Phytologia Mem. 7: 35 (1984)
= Juniperus texensis Van Melle; Phytologia 4: 26 (1952)
= Sabina pinchotii (Sudw.) Y.Yang & K.S.Mao; Pl. Diversity 44(4): 348 (2022)
species :
Juniperus pingii C.Y.Cheng ex W.C.Cheng; Notes For. Inst. Nat. Centr. Univ. Nanking, Dendrol. Ser., No. 1, 2 (1947)
Distribution: China (W-Sichuan, NW-Yunnan); SE-Tibet
36 CHI TIB
Conservation Status: IUCN R
Synonyms: hidden
= Sabina pingii (W.C.Cheng ex Ferré) W.C.Cheng & W.T.Wang; Fl. Reipubl. Popul. Sin. 7: 355 (1978)
variant :
var. chengii (L.K.Fu & Y.F.Yu) Farjon; Monogr. Cupressaceae Sciadopitys 344 (2005)
Distribution: China (NW-Yunnan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Juniperus chengii L.K.Fu & Y.F.Yu; Novon 7: 443 (1998)
= Juniperus pingii subsp. chengii (L.K.Fu & Y.F.Yu) Silba; J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 13(1): 13 (2006)
variant :
var. miehei Farjon; Monogr. Cupressaceae Sciadopitys 346 (2005)
Distribution: SE-Tibet (Zangbo River Basin)
36 TIB
variant :
var. wilsonii (Rehder) Silba; Phytologia Mem. 7: 36 (1984)
Distribution: China (S-Gansu, NW-Hubei, S-Qinghai, S-Shaanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan); Tibet
36 CHI TIB
Synonyms: hidden
= Juniperus carinata (Y.F.Yu & L.K.Fu) R.P.Adams; Biochem. Syst. Ecol´ 28(6): 541 (2000)
= Juniperus pingii var. carinata Y.F.Yu & L.K.Fu; Novon 7: 443 (1998)
= Juniperus squamata subsp. wilsonii (Rehder) Silba; J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 13(1): 16 (2006)
= Juniperus squamata var. wilsonii (Rehder) R.P.Adams; Phytologia 94(3): 399 (2012)
= Sabina pingii var. wilsonii (Rehder) W.C.Cheng & L.K.Fu; Fl. Hupehensis 1: 21 (1976), et in Fl. Reipubl. Popul. Sin. 7: 356 (1978)
= Sabina squamata var. wilsonii (Rehder) W.C.Cheng & L.K.Fu; Chinese Dendrol. 1: 320 (1972)
species :
Juniperus poblana (Martínez) R.P.Adams; Phytologia 88(3): 239 (2006)
Distribution: Mexico (Durango, Jalisco, Oaxaca, Puebla)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Juniperus flaccida subsp. poblana (Martínez) Silba; J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 13(1): 10 (2006)
= Juniperus flaccida var. poblana Martinez; Anales Inst. Biol. Univ. Nac. México 17: 31, figs (1946)
= Sabina poblana (Martínez) Y.Yang & K.S.Mao; Pl. Diversity 44(4): 348 (2022)
species :
Juniperus procera Hochst. ex Endl.; Syn. Conif. 26 (1847)
Name: African pencil cedar
Distribution: Cameroon [I]; E-D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Sudan; South Sudan; Ethiopia; Eritrea; Djibouti; Somalia; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; Malawi; NE-Zimbabwe; Saudi Arabia; Yemen; Taiwan [I]; India [I]
23 cmn ZAI 24 DJI ERI ETH SOM SSU SUD 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 MLW ZIM 35 SAU YEM 38 tai 40 ind
Synonyms: hidden
= Juniperus abyssinica K.Koch; Dendrologie 2: II. 132 (1873)
= Juniperus hochstetteri Antoine; Cupress. Gatt, t. 33 (1857)
= Sabina procera (Hochst. ex Endl.) Antoine; Cupress. Gatt. 36, t. 47 (1857)
species :
Juniperus procumbens (Siebold ex Endl.) Miq.; Siebold & Zuccarini, Fl. Japon. 2: 59, t. 127 (1870)
Name: Creeping juniper
Distribution: China [I]; South Korea (Daeheuksan-do); Japan (Kyushu); Ryukyu Isl. (Okinawa group, Sakishima group)
36 chi 38 JAP KOR NNS
Synonyms: hidden
= Juniperus chinensis var. procumbens Siebold ex Endl.; Syn. Conif. 21 (1847)
= Juniperus procumbens var. nana Groot. ex Hornibr.; Dwarf Conifers ed. 2: 122 (1939)
species :
Juniperus przewalskii Kom.; Not. Syst. Herb. Hort. Petrop. 5: 28 (1924)
Distribution: China (SW-Gansu, E-Qinghai, NW-Sichuan)
36 CHI
Conservation Status: IUCN R
Synonyms: hidden
= Juniperus przewalskii subsp. pendula (W.C.Cheng & L.K.Fu) Silba; J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 13(1): 14 (2006)
species :
Juniperus pseudosabina Fisch. & Mey.; Sem. Hort. Petrop. 8: 65 (1842)
Distribution: Siberia (Altai, Tarbagatai); Kazakhstan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Afghanistan (Takhar); China (Xinjiang); SW-Mongolia; Pakistan; ?Bhutan
30 SIB 32 KAZ KGZ TZK UZB 34 AFG 36 CHI 37 MON 40 PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Juniperus centrasiatica Kom.; Not. Syst. Herb. Hort. Petrop. 5: 27 (1924)
= Juniperus dumosa Lindl. & Gordon; J. Hort. Soc. 5: 201 (1850)
= Juniperus lycia Siev.; Pall. N. Nord. Beitr. 7: 280
= Juniperus sabina Pall.; Reise Russ. Reich. 3(1): 273 (1776)
= Juniperus squamata Gordon; Pinet. 110 ex parte (1858)
= Sabina fischeri Antoine; Cupress. Gatt. 53, t. 73 (1857)
= Sabina pseudosabina (Fisch. & C.A.Mey.) W.C.Cheng & W.T.Wang; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 13(4): 75 (1975)
variant :
var. turkestanica (Kom.) Silba; Phytologia Mem. 7: 36 (1984)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Afghanistan; China (Xinjiang); Pakistan
32 KAZ KGZ TZK UZB 34 AFG 36 CHI 40 PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Sabina turkestanica Kom.; Not. Syst. Herb. Hort. Petrop. 5: 26 (1924), syn.
= Juniperus turkestanica Kom.; Not. Syst. Herb. Hort. Petrop. 5: 26 (1924)
= Sabilla pseudosabina var. turkestanica (Kom.) C.Y.Yang; Fl. Reipubl. Popul. Sin. 7: 369 (1978)
species :
Juniperus recurva Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don; Prodr. Fl. Nepal.: 55 (1825)
Name: Drooping juniper
Distribution: China (NW-Yunnan); SE-Tibet; Pakistan (N-Pakistan, Chitral); Nepal; Bhutan; N-India (Jammu & Kashmir, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Sikkim, etc.); N-Myanmar (Kachin)
36 CHI TIB 40 BHU IND NEP PAK 41 MYA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juniperus butanensis Wender.; Pfl. Bot. Gaert. Marb. 36
= Juniperus canescens Wall. ex Gordon; Pinet. 106 (1858)
= Juniperus coxii A.B.Jacks.; New Fl. & Silv. 5: 33 (1932)
= Juniperus densa Gordon; Suppl. Pinel. 32
= Juniperus excelsa Madden ex Gordon; Pinet. 107 (1858) non M. Bieb.
= Juniperus incurva Buch.-Ham. ex Endl.; Syn. Conif. 18 (1847)
= Juniperus lambertiana Wall. ex Endl.; Syn. Conif. 19 (1847)
= Juniperus nepalensis Rinz ex Gordon; Pinet. 106 (1858)
= Juniperus recurva var. coxii (A.B.Jacks.) Melville; Kew Bull. 13: 533 (1959)
= Juniperus recurva var. densa Carrière; Traité Gén. Conif. 27 (1855)
= Juniperus recurva var. tenuifolia Spach; Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot. sér. 2, 16: 292 (1841)
= Juniperus recurva var. uncinata R.P.Adams; Phytologia 91(3): 365 (2009)
= Juniperus religiosa Royle; Ill. Bot. Himalaya. 351 ex Carrière (1839)
= Juniperus repanda Carrière; Conif. ed. I. 27 (1855)
= Juniperus rigida Wall. ex Endl.; Syn. Conif. 19 (1847)
= Juniperus squamosa Buch.-Ham.; Numer. List no. 6043 (1831)
= Juniperus uncinata (R.P.Adams) R.P.Adams; Phytologia 94(3): 399 (2012)
= Juniperus uvifera Loudon; Encyc. Trees, 1088
= Sabina coxii (A.B.Jacks.) Y.Yang & K.S.Mao; Pl. Diversity 44(4): 347 (2022)
= Sabina recurva (Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don) Antoine; Cupress. Gatt. 67, t. 88 (1857)
= Sabina recurva var. coxii (A.B.Jacks.) W.C.Cheng & L.K.Fu; Fl. Reipubl. Popul. Sin. 7: 352 (1978)
= Sabinella recurva (Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don) Nakai; Tyosen Sanrin Kaiho, No. 165 (Indig. Spec. Conif. & Taxads Korea & Manchur. III.) 14 (1938)
species :
Juniperus rigida Siebold & Zucc.; Fl. Jap. 2: 109, t. 125 (1846)
subspecies :
subsp. rigida
Name: Needle juniper
Distribution: Russian Far East (Primorye); China (Gansu, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shanxi); North Korea; South Korea (incl. Cheju Isl.); Japan
31 RFE 36 CHI 38 JAP KOR NKO
Synonyms: hidden
= Juniperus communis Thunb.; Fl. Jap. 264 (non L.)
= Juniperus coreana var. rigida (Siebold & Zucc.) Nakai; Bull. Forest. Soc. Korea (Chosen Sanrin Kwaiho ) 158: 22 (1938)
= Juniperus coreana Nakai; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 40: 161 (1926)
= Juniperus rigida var. coreana (Nakai) M.Kim; Korean Endemic Pl. 50 (2017)
= Juniperus rigida f. longicarpa Uyeki; Corean Timber Trees 143 (1926)
= Juniperus rigida f. modesta (Nakai) Y.C.Chu; Pl. Medic. Chinae Bor.-orient. 59 (1989)
= Juniperus rigida var. coreana (Nakai) T.B.Lee; Ill. Woody Pl. Korea 238 (1966)
= Juniperus rigida var. modesta Nakai; Bull. Forest. Soc. Korea (Chosen Sanrin Kwaiho ) 19: 26 (1935)
= Juniperus utilis Koidz.; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 44: 99 (1930)
subspecies :
subsp. conferta (Parl.) Kitam.; Acta Phytotax. Geobot., 26(1-2): 9 (1974)
Distribution: Russian Far East (Sakhalin); North Korea; South Korea; Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu)
31 RFE 38 JAP KOR NKO
Conservation Status: Rare, local and protected
Synonyms: hidden
= Juniperus conferta Parl.; Nov. Conif. 1 (1863)
= Juniperus conferta var. maritima E.H.Wilson ex Nakai; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 36(425): 105 (1922)
= Juniperus conferta var. pseudorigida Makino; Ill. Fl. Japan 896 (1940)
= Juniperus litoralis Maxim.; Bull. Acad. Petersb. 12: 230 (1868)
= Juniperus rigida subsp. conferta (Parl.) Silba; J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 13(1): 15 (2006), isonym
= Juniperus rigida subsp. litoralis Urusov; Byull. Glavn. Bot. Sada (Moscow), 122: 56 (1981)
= Juniperus rigida subsp. pseudorigida (Makino) Kitam.; Acta Phytotax. Geobot., 26(1-2): 9 (1974)
= Juniperus rigida var. conferta (Parl.) Patschke; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 48: 678 (1913)
= Juniperus rigida var. litoralis (Urusov) Kozhevnikova; Fl. Ross. Dal´nego Vostoka 42 (2006)
species :
Juniperus rushforthiana (R.P.Adams) R.P.Adams; Phytologia 94(3): 401 (2012)
Distribution: Bhutan
40 BHU
Synonyms: hidden
= Juniperus indica var. rushforthiana R.P.Adams; Phytologia 90(2): 244 (2008)
species :
Juniperus sabina L.; Sp. Pl.: 1039 (1753)
Name: Sadebaum, Stink-Wacholder (DE), Savin (EN)
Distribution: Germany (Bayern, Hessen [I], Schleswig-Holstein [I]); Switzerland; ?Liechtenstein; Austria; Poland; Slovakia; Hungary; Spain; France; Italy; Pantelleria; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Romania; Bulgaria; N-Greece (rare in mainland mountains); European Russia (E-European Russia); Crimea; ?Morocco; Algeria; Siberia (Altai, Tuva, W-Siberia); Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (Anatolia); Iran; China (Gansu, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, NE-Qinghai, N-Shaanxi, N-Sichuan, Xinjiang); Mongolia; Canada [I] (Ontario [I])
11 AUT GER HUN POL SLO SWI 12 FRA SPA 13 BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS MNT NMA PTL ROM SLV SRB 14 KRY RUS 20 ALG 30 SIB 32 KAZ KGZ TZK 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN TUR 36 CHI 37 MON 72 cdn
Remarks: inclusion of J. davurica highly disputed
Synonyms: hidden
= Juniperus alpina Lodd.; Cat. 48 (1836)
= Juniperus chinensis Endl.; Syn. Conif. 22 (1847)
= Juniperus excelsa Willd.; Sp. Pl., ed. 4 [Willdenow] 4(2): 852 (1806)
= Juniperus foetida var. davurica (Pall.) Spach; Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot. sér. 2, 16: 296 (1841)
= Juniperus hudsonica Forb.; Pinet. Woburn. 208
= Juniperus humilis Salisb.; Prod. 397 (1796)
= Juniperus lusitanica Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. VIII. n. 11 (1768)
= Juniperus lycia Pall.; Fl. Ross. 2: 14, t. 56
= Juniperus sabina subsp. tamariscifolia (Aiton) A.E.Murray; Kalmia 12: 21 (1982)
= Juniperus sabina var. alpina J.Forbes; 206 (1839)
= Juniperus sabina var. arborea Mutel; Fl. Dauph. 2: 405 (1830)
= Juniperus sabina var. cupressifolia Aiton; 414 (1789)
= Juniperus sabina var. lusitanica (Mill.) C.K.Schneid.; Uns. Freil.-Nadelhölzer 206 (1913)
= Juniperus sabina var. macrocarpa St.-Lag.; Étude Fl. éd. 8 2: 762 (1889)
= Juniperus sabina var. monosperma C.Y.Yang; Fl. Xinjiangensis 1: 305 (1992 publ. 1993)
= Juniperus sabina var. pungens Gaudin; Fl. Helv. 6: 299 (1830)
= Juniperus sabina var. tamariscifolia Burgsd.; 124 (1787), nom. inval. ex Aiton, 414 (1789)
= Juniperus sabina var. taurica Pall.; Fl. Ross. 2: 15 (1789)
= Juniperus sabina var. variegata Weston; Engl. Fl. 19 (1775)
= Juniperus sabina var. yulinensis (T.C.Chang & C.G.Chen) Y.F.Yu & L.K.Fu; Novon 7: 444 (1998)
= Juniperus tamariscifolia K.Koch; Dendrologie 2: II. 125 (1873)
= Juniperus taurica (Pall.) Lipsky (non Lindl.); (1912)
= Sabina cupressifolia Antoine ex K.Koch; Dendrologie 2: II. 125 (1873)
= Sabina officinalis Garcke; Fl. N. Mitt.-Deutschland, ed. 4, 387 (1858)
= Sabina prostrata Antoine; Cupress. Gatt. 57, t. 79 (1857)
= Sabina tamariscifolia K.Koch; Dendrologie 2: II. 125 (1873)
= Sabina vulgaris Antoine; Cupress. Gatt. 58, t. 80
= Sabina vulgaris var. yulinensis T.C.Chang & C.G.Chen; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 19(2): 263 (1981)
variant :
var. arenaria (E.H.Wilson) Farjon; Monogr. Cupressaceae & Sciadopitys 73 (2001)
Distribution: China (Gansu, Nei Mongol, Qinghai, Shaanxi); Mongolia
36 CHI 37 MON
Synonyms: hidden
= Juniperus arenaria (Wilson in Rehder & E.H.Wilson) Florin; Acta Hort. Berg. 14: 353 (1948), cum descr. ampl.
= Juniperus chinensis var. arenaria Wilson in Rehder & E.H.Wilson; (1928)
= Juniperus davurica var. arenaria (E.H.Wilson) R.P.Adams; Phytologia 94(3): 360 (2012)
= Juniperus davurica var. mongolensis (R.P.Adams) R.P.Adams; Phytologia 94(3): 360 (2012)
= Juniperus sabina subsp. arenaria (E.H.Wilson) Silba; J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 13(1): 15 (2006), isonym
= Juniperus sabina var. mongolensis R.P.Adams; Phytologia 88(2): 182 (2006)
variant :
var. balkanensis R.P.Adams & Tashev; Phytologia 98(2): 108, figs. 1-9 (2016)
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
variant :
var. davurica (Pall.) Farjon; World Checkl. & Bibliogr. Conifers ed. 2, 73 (2001)
Distribution: Siberia (Chita); Russian Far East (Amur, Khabarovsk, Primorye); China (Heilongjiang); N-Mongolia; North Korea
30 SIB 31 RFE 36 CHI 37 MON 38 NKO
Synonyms: hidden
= Sabina davurica Antoine; Cupress. Gatt. 56, t. 77 (1857)
= Juniperus davurica var. oblonga Pshenn.; Byull. Glavn. Bot. Sada (Moscow) 181: 115 (2001) (2000), nom. inval.
= Juniperus davurica Pall.; Fl. Ross. 1: II. 13, t. 55 (1789)
= Juniperus davurica subsp. argunensis Galanin; Fl. Daurii 1: 70 (2008)
= Juniperus davurica var. maritima (Urusov) Kozhevnikova; Fl. Ross. Dal´nego Vostoka 42 (2006)
= Juniperus davurica subsp. maritima Urusov; Byull. Glavn. Bot. Sada (Moscow), 122: 55 (1981)
species :
Juniperus saltillensis M.T.Hall; Fieldiana. Bot. 34(4): 45 (1971)
Distribution: Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Nuevo León, San Luis Potosi, Zacatecas)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Juniperus ashei var. saltillensis (Hall) Silba; Phytologia Mem. 7: 32 (1984)
= Sabina saltillensis (M.T.Hall) Y.Yang & K.S.Mao; Pl. Diversity 44(4): 348 (2022)
species :
Juniperus saltuaria Rehder & E.H.Wilson; Sarg., Pl. Wilson. 2: 61 (1914)
Distribution: China (S-Gansu, SE-Qinghai, W-Sichuan, NW-Yunnan); E-Tibet
36 CHI TIB
Synonyms: hidden
= Sabina saltuaria (Rehder & E.H.Wilson) W.C.Cheng & W.T.Wang; Trees of China 1: 257 (1961)
species :
Juniperus saxicola Britton & P.Wilson; Bull. Torr. Bot. Cl. 50: 35 (1923)
Name: Sabina (Cuba)
Distribution: Cuba
81 CUB
Conservation Status: endangered (Red List of the Vascular Flora of Cuba) and (IUCN)
Synonyms: hidden
= Juniperus gracilis subsp. saxicola (Britton & P.Wilson) Greuter & R.Rankin; Revista Jard. Bot. Nacional 43: 122 (2022)
= Juniperus barbadensis var. saxicola (Britton & P.Wilson) Silba; J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 7(1): 25 (2000)
= Juniperus gracilior subsp. saxicola (Britton & P.Wilson) Borhidi; Acta Bot. Hung., 37(1-4): 90 (1992)
= Juniperus gracilior var. saxicola (Britton & P.Wilson) R.P.Adams; Phytologia 94(3): 361 (2012)
= Sabina saxicola (Britton & P.Wilson) Y.Yang & K.S.Mao; Pl. Diversity 44(4): 349 (2022)
species :
Juniperus scopulorum Sarg.; Garden & Forest 10: 420, 1. 54 (1897), obs., Sarg. Silva N. Am. 14: 93(1902)
Name: Rocky Mountain juniper
Distribution: Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Saskatchewan); USA (Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Mexico, Nevada, Oklahoma, Oregon, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Washington State, Wyoming); Mexico (Sonora, Chihuahua, Coahuila)
71 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Juniperus maritima R.P.Adams; Phytologia 89(3): 278 (2007) (fide Farjon 2017)
= Juniperus scopulorum var. argentea D.Hill ex Rehder; Cult. Evergreens 206 (1923)
= Juniperus scopulorum var. columnaris Fassett; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 72: 482 (1945)
= Juniperus scopulorum var. repens Hornibr.; Dwarf Conifers ed. 2: 126 (1939)
= Juniperus scopulorum var. viridifolia D.Hill ex Rehder; Cult. Evergreens 206 (1923)
= Juniperus virginiana subsp. scopulorum (Lemm.) A.E.Murray; Kalmia 13: 8 (1983)
= Juniperus virginiana var. montana Vasey; Dept. Agric. Bot. Div. Bull. 1875: 47 (1876)
= Juniperus virginiana var. scopulorum (Sarg.) Lemmon; Cone-bear. Trees Pacif. Slope, ed. 4. ed. 4: 114 (1900)
= Sabina maritima (R.P.Adams) Y.Yang & K.S.Mao; Pl. Diversity 44(4): 348 (2022)
= Sabina scopulorum (Sarg.) Rydb.; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 598 (1905)
species :
Juniperus semiglobosa Regel; Act. Hort. Petrop. 6: 487 (1879)
Name: Pencil Cedar
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Afghanistan (Badakshan, Wakhan, Baghlan, Kunar / Nuristan, Takhar); China (Xinjiang: Kunlun Shan); W-Tibet; Pakistan; NW-India (Jammu & Kashmir, etc.)
32 KAZ KGZ TZK UZB 34 AFG 36 CHI TIB 40 IND PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Juniperus drobovii Sumn.; Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. & Zool. Acad. Sci. Uzbekistan. 10: 22 (1948)
= Juniperus jarkendensis Kom.; Not. Syst. Herb. Hort. Petrop. 4: 181 (1923)
= Juniperus sabina var. jarkendensis (Kom.) Silba; Phytologia 68(1): 33 (1990)
= Juniperus schugnanica Kom.; J. Bot. URSS 17: 482 (1932), Kom., Fl. URSS 1: 190 (1934)
= Juniperus semiglobosa subsp. talassica (Lipsky) Silba; J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 13(1): 15 (2006)
= Juniperus semiglobosa var. drobovii (Sumnev.) Silba; Phytologia 68(1): 33 (1990)
= Juniperus semiglobosa var. jarkendensis (Kom.) R.P.Adams; Phytologia 94(3): 354 (2012)
= Juniperus semiglobosa var. talassica (Lipsky) Silba; Phytologia 68(1): 34 (1990)
= Juniperus tianshanica Sumn.; Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. & Zool. Acad. Sci. Uzbekistan. 10: 24 (1948)
= Juniperus ×talassica Lipsky; Veg. Forest. Turkest. (Trud. Lyes. Opit. Dyelu Ross. 30) 33 (1911) (nomen)
= Sabina jarkendensis (Kom.) Y.Yang & K.S.Mao; Pl. Diversity 44(4): 348 (2022)
= Sabina semiglobosa (Regel) L.K.Fu & Y.F.Yu; L. K. Fu & T. Hong (eds.), Higher Pl. China 3: 88 (2000)
= Sabina vulgaris var. jarkendensis (Kom.) C.Y.Yang; Fl. Reipubl. Popul. Sin. 7: 360 (1978)
species :
Juniperus squamata Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don; Lamb., Descr. Gen. Pinus 2: 17 (1824)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Kunar / Nuristan); China (S-Anhui, W-Fujian, S-Gansu, E-Guizhou, SW-Shaanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan); Tibet; Taiwan; Pakistan; Nepal; Bhutan; N-India (Jammu & Kashmir, Sikkim, etc.); N-Myanmar
34 AFG 36 CHI TIB 38 TAI 40 BHU IND NEP PAK 41 MYA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juniperus baimashanensis L.K.Fu & Y.F.Yu; Novon 7: 443 (1998)
= Juniperus fargesii Kom.; Not. Syst. Herb. Hort. Petrop. 5: 30 (1924)
= Juniperus kansuensis Komarov; Bot. Mater. Gerb. Glavn. Bot. Sada R. S. F. S. R. 5: 31 (1924)
= Juniperus lemeeana H.Lév. & Blin; Fl. Kouy-Tcheou 111 (1914-15)
= Juniperus morrisonicola Hayata; Gard. Chron. 43: 194, et in J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 38: 298 (1908)
= Juniperus pingii subsp. baimashanensis (Y.F.Yu & L.K.Fu) Silba; J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 13(1): 13 (2006)
= Juniperus recurva Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don var.squamata (D.Don) Parl.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 16(2): 482 (1868)
= Juniperus squamata subsp. fargesii (Rehder & E.H.Wilson) Silba; J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 13(1): 16 (2006)
= Juniperus squamata var. albovariegata L.H.Bailey; Hortus Second. 400 (1941)
= Juniperus squamata var. fargesii Rehder & E.H.Wilson; Sarg., Pl. Wilson 2: 59 (1914)
= Juniperus squamata var. hongxiensis Y.F.Yu & L.K.Fu; Novon 7: 444 (1998)
= Juniperus squamata var. morrisonicola (Hayata) H.L.Li & H.Keng; Taiwania 5: 81 (1954)
= Juniperus squamata var. morrisonicola (Hayata) H.L.Li & H.S.Keng; (1954)
= Juniperus squamata var. parviflora Y.F.Yu & L.K.Fu; Novon 7: 444 (1998)
= Juniperus squamata var. prostrata Hornibr.; Dwarf Conifers 77 (1923)
= Sabina morrisonicola (Hayata) Y.Yang & K.S.Mao; Pl. Diversity 44(4): 348 (2022)
= Sabina squamata Antoine; Cupress. Gatt. 66, t. 89 (1857)
= Sabina squamata var. fargesii (Rehder & E.H.Wilson) L.K.Fu & Y.F.Yu; L. K. Fu & T. Hong (eds.), Higher Pl. China 3: 86 (2000)
= Sabinella morrisonicola (Hayata) Nakai; Tyosen Sanrin Kaiho, No. 165 (Indig. Spec. Conif. & Taxads Korea & Manchur. III.) 14 (1938)
species :
Juniperus standleyi Steyerm.; Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Chicago, Bot. Ser. 23: 3 (1943)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas); Guatemala
79 MEX 80 GUA
Conservation Status: IUCN I
Synonyms: hidden
= Sabina standleyi (Steyerm.) Y.Yang & K.S.Mao; Pl. Diversity 44(4): 349 (2022)
species :
Juniperus tairukouensis S.S.Ying; New Taxa New Names 3: 1 (2022)
Distribution: Taiwan
38 TAI
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Juniperus taxifolia Hook. & Arn.; Bot. Beech. Voy. 271 (1838)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu: Izu peninsula, Bozo peninsula); Ryukyu Isl. (Okinawa group, Amami group); Bonin Isl. (Keetaajima, Chichijima, Anijima, Otohtojima, Mukohjima, Anejima)
38 JAP NNS OGA
Conservation Status: IUCN I
Synonyms: hidden
= Juniperus lutchuensis Koidz.; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 32: 138 (1918)
= Juniperus lutchuensis var. maritima Iwata & Kusaka; Conif. Jap. Ill. Aject. Emend. ed. 2: 195 (1954)
= Juniperus rigida Gordon; Pinet. 99 (1858)
= Juniperus triangularis Mast.; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 26: 543
species :
Juniperus thurifera L.; Sp. Pl.: 1039 (1753)
Name: Genevrier thurifère (F), Weihrauch-Wacholder (DE), Cedro de Espana (ES), Incense juniper (EN)
Distribution: Spain; Mozambique [I]
12 SPA 26 moz
Synonyms: hidden
= Juniperus hispanica Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. 8: n 13 (1768)
= Sabina pseudothurifera Antoine; Cupress. Gatt. 60, t. 82 (1857)
= Sabina thurifera (L.) Antoine; Cupress. Gatl. 51 (1857)
= Juniperus bonatiana Vis.; Mem. Ist. Venet. 6: 245 (1856)
= Juniperus cinerea Carrière; Conif. ed. II. 35 (1867)
= Juniperus sabinoides Endl.; Syn. Conif. 24 (1847)
variant :
var. africana Maire; Bull. Soc Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 17: 125 (1926)
Name: Afrikanischer Wacholder
Distribution: Morocco; Algeria
20 ALG MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Juniperus africana (Maire) Huguet; Types Sols Afrique N. 1: 91 (1947)
= Juniperus thurifera subsp. africana (Maire) Romo & Borat.; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 44(1): 73 (2007), isonym
= Juniperus thurifera subsp. africana (Maire) Gauquelin, Idr.Hass. & P.Lebreton; Ecol. Medit. 14(3-4): 39, 42 (1988)
variant :
var. aurasiaca Véla & P.Schäf.; Ecol. Medit. 39(1): 77 (2013)
Distribution: Algeria
20 ALG
Synonyms: hidden
= Juniperus thurifera subsp. aurasiaca (Véla & P.Schäf.) Véla; Invent. Biodivers. Conservation Hotspot Bassin Médit. 20 (2018)
variant :
var. gallica De Loiney
Distribution: S-France (Alpes Maritimes); Corsica
12 COR FRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juniperus thurifera subsp. gallica (De Loiney) A.E.Murray; Kalmia 12: 21 (1982)
= Juniperus gallica (De Loiney) Rouy; Fl. France 14: 374 (1913)
species :
Juniperus tibetica Kom.; Not. Syst. Herb. Hort. Petrop. 5: 27 (1924)
Name: Tibetan juniper
Distribution: China (S-Gansu, S-Qinghai, Sichuan); E-Tibet; S-Tibet
36 CHI TIB
Synonyms: hidden
= Juniperus distans Florin; Acta Hort. Gothoburg. 3: 6 (1927)
= Juniperus potanini Kom.; Not. Syst. Herb. Hort. Petrop. 5: 28 (1924)
= Juniperus zaidamensis Kom.; Not. Syst. Herb. Hort. Petrop. 5: 29 (1924)
species :
Juniperus virginiana L.; Sp. Pl.: 1039 (1753)
Name: Eastern redcedar
Distribution: Germany [I]; Slovakia [I]; Hungary [I]; France [I]; Italy [I]; Serbia; Kosovo [c]; Romania [I]; European Russia [I]; Mozambique [I]; South Africa [I]; Uzbekistan [I]; China [I]; South Korea [c]; Taiwan [I]; India [I]; Canada (Ontario, Québec); USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Colorado, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, Vermont, Wisconsin, West Virginia)
11 ger hun slo 12 fra 13 ita kos rom SRB 14 rus 26 moz 27 saf 32 uzb 36 chi 38 kor tai 40 ind 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juniperus alba Knight ex Carrière; Conif. ed. I. 58 (1855)
= Juniperus andina Nutt.; N. Amer. Sylv. [Nuttall] 3: 95, t. 110 (1849)
= Juniperus arborescens Moench; Methodus (Moench) 699 (1794), nom. illeg.
= Juniperus argentea Gordon; Pinet. 113 (1858)
= Juniperus australis Endl.; Syn. Conif. 26 (1847)
= Juniperus bedfordiana Loudon; Encyc. Trees 1090
= Juniperus cannartii K.Koch; Dendrologie 2: II. 140 (1873)
= Juniperus caroliana Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. VIII. n. 4 (1768)
= Juniperus caroliniana Du Roi; Harbk. Baumz. ed. 2, 1: 497 (1795)
= Juniperus chamberlaynii Carrière; Man. Pl. 4: 313
= Juniperus cinerascens K.Koch; Dendrologie 2: II. 141 (1873)
= Juniperus dioica Carrière; Conif. ed. II. 45 (1867)
= Juniperus fragrans Knight; Syn. Conif. 13, Salisb. Prod. 397 (1847)
= Juniperus freneloides Lavallée; Arb. Segrez. 291 (1877)
= Juniperus glauca Willd.; Enum. Hort. Berol. Suppl. 67 (1814), nomen
= Juniperus gossainthanea Ravenscr.; Laws. & Son, Abietineae List Pl. Fir Tribus, No. 10, 77 (1851), Lists Seeds, Pl., etc. 279 (1851)
= Juniperus gossainthanea Lodd. ex Lindl. & Gordon; J. Hort. Soc. 5: 202 (1850)
= Juniperus hermannii Pers.; Syn. 2: 632 (1807)
= Juniperus nutans Beissn.; Handb. Nadelholzk. 125 (1891)
= Juniperus polymorpha Beissn.; Handb. Nadelholzk. 125 (1891)
= Juniperus schottii Gordon; Pinet. Suppl. 36 (1862)
= Juniperus smithipendula Beissn.; Handb. Nadelholzk. 125 (1891)
= Juniperus tripartita Beissn.; Handb. Nadelholzk. 126 (1891)
= Juniperus tripartita Lavallée; Arb. Segrez. 291 (1877)
= Juniperus virginiana subsp. crebra (Fernald & Griscom) A.E.Murray; Kalmia 12: 21 (1982)
= Juniperus virginiana subsp. scopulorum (Lemmon) A.E.Murray; Kalmia 13: 8 (1983)
= Juniperus virginiana var. barbadensis (L.) Gordon & Glend.; Pinetum 114 (1858)
= Juniperus virginiana var. bermudiana (L.) Vasey; Dept. Rep. Dept. Agric. (Washington, DC) 1875: 185 (1876)
= Juniperus virginiana var. canaertii Sénécl.; Conifères 99 (1868)
= Juniperus virginiana var. chamberlaynii Carrière; Traité Gén. Conif. 46 (1855)
= Juniperus virginiana var. crebra Fernald & Griscom; Rhodora 37: 133, tab. 333 (1935)
= Juniperus virginiana var. elegans J.Lee & S.Lee; Garden (London, 1871-1927) 8: 77 (1875)
= Juniperus virginiana var. elegantissima W.Hochst.; Coniferen 92 (1882)
= Juniperus virginiana var. freneloides Lavallée; Énum. Arbres 291 (1877)
= Juniperus virginiana var. glauca Carrière; Traité Gén. Conif. 45 (1855)
= Juniperus virginiana var. hermannii Pers.; Syn. Pl. 2: 632 (1807)
= Juniperus virginiana var. kosteri Beissn.; Ziergehölze Gärt. Parkanl. ed. 2: 466 (1884)
= Juniperus virginiana var. nana C.K.Schneid.; Uns. Freil.-Nadelhölzer 204 (1913)
= Juniperus virginiana var. pendula C.Lawson; Abietineae- List Pl. Fir Tribe 77 (1852)
= Juniperus virginiana var. pendula-viridis Gordon; Pinetum Suppl.: 36 (1862)
= Juniperus virginiana var. plumosa-argentea Beissn.; Ziergehölze Gärt. Parkanl. ed. 2: 467 (1884)
= Juniperus virginiana var. pyramidalis Carrière; Traité Gén. Conif. ed. 2: 47 (1867)
= Juniperus virginiana var. schottii (de Vos) Gordon; Pinetum ed. 2: 157 (1875)
= Juniperus virginiana var. scopulorum Lemmon
= Juniperus virginiana var. tripartita (de Vos) Lavallée; Énum. Arbres 291 (1877)
= Juniperus virginiana var. variegata Loudon ex C.Lawson; Abietineae- List Pl. Fir Tribe 77 (1851)
= Sabina alba Antoine; Cupress. Gatt. 70 (1857)
= Sabina fragrans (Knight) Antoine; Cupress. Gatt. 70 (1857)
= Sabina glauca Antoine; Cupress. Gatt. 71 (1857)
= Sabina gossainthanea Antoine; Cupress. Gatt. 69 (1857)
= Sabina virginiana (L.) Antoine; Cupress. Gatt. 61. II. 83, 84 (1857)
= Sabina virginiana (L.) Asch.; 885 (1864)
variant :
var. silicicola (Small) Silba; Phytologia Mem. 7: 37 (1984)
Name: Southern redcedar
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina)
78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Juniperus australis Pilg.; Urb. Symb. Antill. 7: 479 (1913)
= Juniperus silicicola (Small) L.H.Bailey; Cult. Conif. N. Amer. 18, adnot., 197, obs. (1933)
= Juniperus virginiana subsp. silicicola (Small) A.E.Murray; Kalmia 13: 8 (1983)
= Juniperus virginiana var. australis Endl.; Syn. Conif. 28 (1847)
= Sabina silicicola Small; J. New York Bot. Gard. 24: 5, adnot. (1923)
= Sabina virginiana var. australis (Endl.) Antoine; Cupress.-Gatt. 62 (1857)
species :
Juniperus zanonii R.P.Adams; Phytologia 92(1): 112 (2010)
Distribution: Mexico (Nuevo León)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Sabina zanonii (R.P.Adams) Y.Yang & K.S.Mao; Pl. Diversity 44(4): 349 (2022)
species :
Juniperus ×fassettii Boivin; Natur. Canad. 93: 272 (1966)
Name: Fassett´s juniper
Distribution: Canada (Alberta, British Columbia)
71 CDN
Remarks: Juniperus horizontalis x Juniperus scopulorum
Synonyms: hidden
= Juniperus scopulorum var. patens Fassett; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 72: 46 (1945)
species :
Juniperus ×herragudensis J.M.Aparicio & Uribe-Ech.; Mainhardt 60: 84 (2008)
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
species :
Juniperus ×kanitzii Csató; Magyar Novenyt. Lapok,. 10: 145 (1886)
Distribution: Austria
11 AUT
species :
Juniperus ×media V.D.Dmitriev; Trudy Sektora Agrolesomelior. Lesn. Khoz. Komiteta Nauk Uzbek SSR 4: 31 (1938)
Distribution: Kazakhstan
32 KAZ
Remarks: Juniperus semiglobosa Regel x Juniperus turkestanica Kom.
Synonyms: hidden
= Juniperus intermedia Drobow; Bot. Mater. Gerb. Bot. Inst. Uzbekistansk. Fil. Akad. Nauk SSSR 7: 6 (1941) non Schur (1851)
= Juniperus kokbulakensis Dmitrieva
species :
Juniperus ×palanciana J.M.Aparicio & Uribe-Ech.; Toll Negre 8: 6 (2006)
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
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A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 19.2 (April 1st, 2024)

Covering 354,662 accepted species,
8,644 hybrids, 47,758 accepted infraspecific taxa and 996,179 synonyms,
in total 1,407,243* names

[*about 25,000 dubious, "unplaced" names and about 4,000 invalid names (Art. 24.3) like "typicus" are deliberately omitted]


With complete, detailed distribution data (countries and regions) and literature references

Arranged in linear phylogenetic sequence reflecting true relationships

Fully searchable and continously updated

With 38,290 pictures of 15,532 species

Assembled through 40 years independently from other databases

In cooperation with Catalogue of Life