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Ver. 24.7
July 18th, 2024

501.0000 Family Plantaginaceae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 89 (1789), nom. cons.
93 genera, ca. 2050 spp.
Species listed in database: 2088; hybrids: 91
= Antirrhinaceae Pers.; Syn. Pl. 2: 154, 640 (1807)
= Aragoaceae D.Don; Edinburgh New Philos. J. 19: 109, 113 (1835)
= Callitrichaceae Link; Enum. Hort. Berol. Alt. 1: 7 (1821), nom. cons.
= Chelonaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 124 (1820)
= Digitalidaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 202 (1820)
= Ellisiophyllaceae Honda; M. Honda & M. Sakisaka, Daikou Nippon Shokubutsu Bunraigaku (Syst. Pl. Japon.): 372 (1930)
= Erinaceae Pfeiff.; Nomencl. Bot. 1: 1236 (1874)
= Globulariaceae DC.; Lam. & A. DC., Fl. Franç., ed. 3, 3: 427 (1805), nom. cons.
= Gratiolaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 294 (1820)
= Hippuridaceae Vest; Anleit. Stud. Bot.: 265, 278 (1818), nom. cons.
= Linariaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 243 (1820)
= Littorellaceae Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 290, 294 (1822)
= Oxycladaceae Schnizl.; Iconogr. Fam. Regni Veg. 2: ad t. 151xx (1857-1870)
= Psylliaceae Horan.; Prim. Lin. Syst. Nat.: 69 (1834)
= Sibthorpiaceae D.Don; Edinburgh New Philos. J. 19: 114 (1835)
= Trapellaceae Honda & Sakis.; Daikou Nippon Shokubutsu Bunraigaku [Syst. Pl. Japon.]: 378 (1930)
= Veronicaceae Cassel; Lehrb. Nat. Pflanzenord.: 366 (1817)
501.3003 Genus Kickxia Dumort.; Fl. Belg. 35 (1827)
Distribution: Europe, Mediterranean, W-(incl. Caucasus) and Middle Asia, Arabian peninsula, NE-Africa, SW-Asia to India and Bhutan. Some species will need transfer into Nanorrhinum.
Species listed in database: 23; hybrids: 1
= Cymbalaria P.Gaertn., B.Mey. & Scherb.; (1800) non Hill
= Elatine Hill; (1756) non L.
= Elatinoides (Chav.) Wettst.; Engl. & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 4(3b): 58 (1891)
= Pogonorrhinum Betsche; Courier Forschungsinst. Senckenberg 71: 128 (1984)
= Tursitis Raf.; Autikon Botanikon, 156 (1840)
species :
Kickxia aegyptiaca (L.) Nábelek; Publ. Fac. Sci. Univ. Masaryk, Brno, No. 70, 31 (1926)
subspecies :
subsp. aegyptiaca
Distribution: ?Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt (Eastern Desert, Great Southwestern Desert, NE-Egypt, NW-coastal Egypt, SE-Egypt); Mauritania; Sudan; Iraq (W-Iraq: Desert); Syria (C-Syrian Desert); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, N-Negev Desert, Judean Desert); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, S-Sinai); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Saudi Arabia (N-Saudi Arabia, Asir, Nafud Desert)
20 ALG EGY LBY TUN 22 MTN 24 SUD 34 IRQ ISR JOR SIN SYR 35 SAU
Synonyms: hidden
= Antirrhinum aegyptiacum L.; Sp. Pl. ed. I. 613 (1753)
= Antirrhinum albescens Medik.; Bot. Beob. 1783: 136 (1784)
= Cymbalaria egyptiaca (L.) Raf.; (1840)
= Elatinoides aegyptiaca (L.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 58 (1891)
= Elatinoides aegyptiaca (L.) Wettst.; Nat. Pflanzenfam. [Engl. & Prantl] 4(3b): 58 (1891)
= Linaria aegyptiaca (L.) Dum.Cours.; Bot. Cult. 2: 92 (1802)
= Linaria aegyptiaca subsp. glutinosa Le Houèr.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 107: 27 (1960)
= Linaria aegyptiaca var. heterophylla Bornm.; Allg. Bot. Z. Syst. 15: 131 (1909)
= Linaria aegyptiaca var. villosa (Pamp.) Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 16: 96 (1925)
= Linaria fruticosa var. villosa Pamp.; Bull. Soc. Bot. Ital. 1914: 16 (1914)
= Tursitis egyptiaca (L.) Raf.; Autik. Bot.: 157 (1840)
subspecies :
subsp. battandieri (Maire) Wickens; Kew Bull. 30(1): 14 (1975)
Distribution: Morocco; Algeria (incl. Hoggar); Mauritania; N-Chad (Tibesti, Ennedi)
20 ALG MOR 22 MTN 24 CHA
Synonyms: hidden
= Kickxia aegyptiaca subsp. battandieri (Maire) Podlech; Mitt. Bot. Staatssamml. München 17: 476 (1981)
= Linaria aegyptiaca subsp. battandieri Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 16: 95 (1925)
= Linaria aegyptiaca var. crassipes Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N.29: 439 (1938)
= Linaria aegyptiaca var. dolichopoda Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 16: 96 (1925)
= Linaria aegyptiaca var. micromerioides (Batt. & Trab.) Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 29: 439 (1938)
= Linaria micromerioides Batt. & Trab.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 60: 246 (1913)
subspecies :
subsp. fruticosa (Desf.) Wickens; Kew Bull. 30(1): 15 (1975)
Distribution: Algeria; Tunisia; Libya
20 ALG LBY TUN
Synonyms: hidden
= Antirrhinum fruticosum (Desf.) Willd.; Sp. Pl. 3: 237 (1800)
= Antirrhinum spinescens Viv.; Fl. Lib. Spec. 32. t. 27, f. 2 (1824)
= Elatine fruticosa (Desf.) Moench ex Steud.; Nom. ed. II. 1: 546 (1821)
= Kickxia aegyptiaca subsp. fruticosa (Desf.) Podlech; Mitt. Bot. Staatssamml. München 17: 476 (1981)
= Kickxia aegyptiaca subsp. fruticosa (Desf.) Qaiser; Fl. Libya 88: 65 (1982), isonym
= Kickxia fruticosa (Desf.) Rothm.; Feddes Repert. Beih. 136: 114 (1956)
= Linaria aegyptiaca f. integrifolia (Pamp.) Maire & Weiller; (1939)
= Linaria aegyptiaca subsp. fruticosa (Desf.) Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 30: 294 (1939)
= Linaria aegyptiaca var. erecta Le Houér.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 107: 27 (1960)
= Linaria fruticosa Desf.; Fl. Atlant. 2: 39. t. 133 (1798)
= Linaria fruticosa f. dentata Pamp.; (1914)
= Linaria fruticosa f. integrifolia Pamp.; (1914)
= Linaria fruticosa f. litoralis Pamp.; (1914)
= Linaria fruticosa var. desertorum Buxb.; (1927)
= Linaria fruticosa var. littoralis Pamp.; Pl. Tripol.: 205 (1914)
= Linaria spinescens (Viv.) Spreng.; Syst. Veg. ed. 16, 2: 789 (1825)
= Nemesia frutescens G.Don; Sweet, Hort. Brit. ed. III. 515 (1839)
subspecies :
subsp. palaestina (Bornm.) Wickens; Kew Bull. 30(1): 14 (1975)
Distribution: ?Lebanon; Syria; Israel; Jordania
34 ISR JOR SYR
Synonyms: hidden
= Kickxia aegyptiaca subsp. palaestina (Bornm.) Feinbrun; Israel J. Bot. 25(1-2): 80 (1976), isonym
= Linaria aegyptiaca var. palaestina Bornm.; Allg. Bot. Z. Syst. 15: 131 (1909)
subspecies :
subsp. tibestica Quézel ex Wickens; Kew Bull. 30(1): 14 (1975)
Distribution: S-Libya (Tibesti); N-Chad
20 LBY 24 CHA
Synonyms: hidden
= Linaria aegyptiaca f. minuta Quézel; Mém. Inst. Rech. Sahar. 4: 173 (1958), no Latin descr.
= Linaria aegyptiaca subsp. tibestica Quézel; Mém. Inst. Rech. Sahar. 4: 173 (1958), no type indicated
subspecies :
subsp. virgata Wickens; Kew Bull. 25(2): 377 (1971)
Distribution: Sudan
24 SUD
species :
Kickxia cirrhosa (L.) Fritsch; Excursionsfl. Oesterr. 492 (1897)
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Pantelleria; Croatia; Morocco; Algeria; Azores (Terceira, Sao Jorge, Pico, Faial); Israel (coastal W-Israel, N-Israel)
12 BAL COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 CRO ITA PTL SIC 20 ALG MOR 21 AZO 34 ISR
Synonyms: hidden
= Antirrhinum cirrhosum L.; Mantissa Alt. 249 (1771)
= Elatine cirrhosa (L.) Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, N. S. 17: 126 (1869), isonym
= Elatine cirrhosa (L.) Kostel.; (1844)
= Elatine tenuis Moench; Meth. Suppl. 171 (1802)
= Elatinoides cirrhosa (L.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 58 (1891)
= Elatinoides cirrhosa (L.) Wettst.; Nat. Pflanzenfam. [Engl. & Prantl] 4(3b): 58 (1891)
= Linaria cirrhosa (L.) Willd.; Enum. Hort. Berol. 689 (1806)
species :
Kickxia collenetteana D.A.Sutton; Revis. tribe Antirrhineae 208 (1988)
Distribution: Saudi Arabia
35 SAU
species :
Kickxia commutata (Bernh. ex Rchb.) Fritsch; Excursionsfl. Oesterr. 492 (1897)
subspecies :
subsp. commutata
Name: Ausdauerndes Tännelkraut (DE); Perennial Cancerwort (EN)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Spain; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Pantelleria; Croatia; Albania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iran (Iranian Aserbaijan); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (W-Syrian Mountains)
11 ger 12 BAL COR FRA SAR SPA 13 ALB BUL CRO GRC ITA PTL SIC TUE 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN 34 CYP EAI IRN LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Antirrhinum hamosum Passy ex Chav.; (1833)
= Cymbalaria commutata (Rchb.) Schur; Verh. Siebenb. Ver. Naturw. 4: 54 (1853)
= Cymbalaria pseudoelatine Schur; Enum. Pl. Transs. 488 (1866)
= Elatine caulirrhizans (Delile) Kostel.; (1844)
= Elatinoides commutata (Bernh. ex Rchb.) Wettst.; Nat. Pflanzenfam. [Engl. & Prantl] 4(3b): 58 (1891)
= Elatinoides commutata (Rchb.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 58 (1891)
= Kickxia commutata var. filiformis (Pamp.) Cufod. ex Greuter; Willdenowia 8: 581 (1979)
= Linaria caulirhiza Delile ex Lange; (1870)
= Linaria commutata Bernh. ex Rchb.; Fl. Germ. Excurs. 373 (1831)
= Linaria commutata f. rotundifolia (Lojac.) Bég.; (1902)
= Linaria elatine var. commutata (Bernh. ex Rchb.) Vis.; Fl. Dalmat. 2: 161 (1847)
= Linaria elatine var. filiformis Pamp.; Bull. Soc. Bot. Ital. 1925: 142 (1925)
= Linaria elatine var. hamosa Chav.; Monogr. Antirrh.: 108 (1833)
= Linaria elatinoides Schur; Enum. Pl. Transs. 488 (1866) non Desf.
= Linaria graeca var. caerulescens Guss.; (1855)
= Linaria graeca var. rotundifolia Tineo ex Lojac.; (1907)
= Linaria radicans Le Gall ex Gren. & Godr.; Fl. Fr. 2: 575 (1852)
subspecies :
subsp. graeca (Bory & Chaub.) R.Fern.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 64(1): 74 (1971)
Name: Griechisches Tännelkraut (DE); Greek Cancerwort (EN); Picopajarito balcanico (ES)
Distribution: Croatia; Albania; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Canary Isl. (Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Palma); East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey; Lebanon; Syria; Australia [I] (South Australia [I], New South Wales [I])
13 ALB CRO GRC KRI 21 CNY 34 EAI LEB SYR TUR 50 aus
Synonyms: hidden
= Antirrhinum graecum Bory & Chaub.; Fl. Pelop. 175. t. 21 (1832)
= Elatine graeca (Bory & Chaub.) Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, N. S. 17: 126 (1869)
= Elatinoides graeca (Bory & Chaub.) Wettst.; (1891)
= Kickxia commutata f. polygonoides (Halácsy) Hayek; (1929)
= Kickxia commutata subsp. graeca var.filiformis (Pamp.) Cufod. ex Greuter; (1979)
= Kickxia commutata var. filiformis (Pamp.) Cufod.; (1943)
= Kickxia commutata var. gracilior (Halácsy) Cufod.; (1943)
= Kickxia commutata var. polygonoides (Halácsy) Cufod.; (1943)
= Kickxia graeca (Bory & Chaub.) Pau; Trab. Mus. Nac. Ci. Nat., Ser. Bot. 14: 29 (1918)
= Linaria caulorhiza Delile ex Willk. & Lange; Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 2(3): 559 (1870)
= Linaria commutata f. gracilior Halácsy; (1902)
= Linaria commutata subsp. graeca (Bory & Chaub.) Nyman; (1881)
= Linaria commutata var. polygonoides Rev. ex Halácsy; (1902)
= Linaria elatine d´Urv.; Mem. Soc. Linn. Par. 1: 330 (1822)
= Linaria graeca (Bory & Chaub.) Chav.; Monog. Antirr. 108 (1833)
species :
Kickxia corallicola D.A.Sutton; Revis. tribe Antirrhineae 225 (1988)
Distribution: Saudi Arabia
35 SAU
Synonyms: hidden
= Kickxia coralii D.A.Sutton ex Collen.; (1985)
species :
Kickxia dentata (Vahl) D.A.Sutton; Revis. tribe Antirrhineae 184 (1988)
Distribution: Algeria; Tunisia
20 ALG TUN
Synonyms: hidden
= Antirrhinum dentatum Vahl; Symb. Bot. 2: 66 (1791)
= Antirrhinum scariosum Vent.; Lam. Encyc. 4: 349 (1797)
= Kickxia scariosa (Vent.) Rothm.; Feddes Repert. Beih. 136: 116 (1956)
= Linaria dentata (Vahl) F.Dietr.; Vollst. Lexik. Gaertn. Nachtr. 4: 393 (1818)
= Linaria scariosa (Vent.) Desf.; Fl. Atlant. 2: 38. t. 131 (1798)
species :
Kickxia elatine (L.) Dumort.; Fl. Belg. 35 (1827)
subspecies :
subsp. elatine
Name: Spießblättriges Tännelkraut (DE); Sharpleaf cancerwort (EN); Picopajarito elatine (ES)
Distribution: Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, +Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; Baleares; France; Channel Isl.; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; San Marino; Slovenia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; ?Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; Greece (incl. Kiklades); European Russia; Azores (Sao Miguel Isl., Terceira, Sao Jorge, Faial); Madeira (Madeira Isl.); Canary Isl. (Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Palma); South Africa [I]; La Réunion [I]; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I]); New Zealand [I]; Chatham Isl. [I]; Canada [I] (British Columbia [I], Ontario [I]); USA [I] (Alabama [I], Arkansas [I], California [I], Connecticut [I], District of Columbia [I], Delaware [I], Georgia [I], Illinois [I], Indiana [I], Kansas [I], Kentucky [I], Louisiana [I], Massachusetts [I], Maryland [I], Michigan [I], Missouri [I], North Carolina [I], New Jersey [I], New York [I], Ohio [I], Oklahoma [I], Oregon [I], Pennsylvania [I], Rhode Island [I], South Carolina [I], Tennessee [I], Texas [I], Virginia [I], Washington State [I], Wisconsin [I], West Virginia [I]); Cuba [I]; Haiti [I]; Uruguay [I]; Argentina [I]; Chile [I] (Metropolitana de Santiago [I], Ñuble [I], Biobío [I], Araucanía [I]); Juan Fdz. Isl. [I]
11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 BAL CIS COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL GRC ITA KOS ROM SIC SLV SMA SRB 14 RUS 21 AZO CNY MDR 27 saf 29 reu 50 aus 51 ctm nzl 71 cdn 72 cdn 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa 81 cub his 85 arg cle jnf uru
Remarks: Subgen. Kickxia
Synonyms: hidden
= Anarrhinum elatum (L.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 465 (1891)
= Antirrhinum auriculatum Lam.; Fl. Fr. 2: 339 (1778)
= Antirrhinum cymbalaria Gueldenst. ex Ledeb.; Fl. Ross. 3: 205 (1847)
= Antirrhinum elatine L.; Sp. Pl. 612 (1753)
= Antirrhinum elatine var. peloria Gaudin; Fl. Helv. 4: 147 (1829)
= Antirrhinum elatiniflorum Wahlenb.; Isis (Oken) 21: 989 (1828)
= Cymbalaria commuta Schur; Verh. Mitth. Siebenbürg. Vereins Naturwiss. Hermannstadt 4: 54 (1853)
= Cymbalaria elatine (L.) G.Gaertn., B.Mey. & Scherb.; Oekon. Fl. Wetterau 2: 398 (1800)
= Elatine hastata Moench; Methodus 524 (1794)
= Elatine hastata var. purpurea Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 321 (1821 publ. 1822)
= Elatinoides elatine (L.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 58 (1891)
= Elatinoides elatine (L.) Wettst.; Nat. Pflanzenfam. [Engl. & Prantl] 4(3b): 58 (1891)
= Linaria auriculata (Lam.) St.-Lag.; Cariot, Etud des fl. ed. 8, 2: 622 (1889)
= Linaria commutata Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 488 (1866)
= Linaria convolvulacea Lojac. ex Nyman; (1890)
= Linaria crenifolia Lange; Willk. & Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 2: 560 (1870)
= Linaria elatine (L.) Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. 8.: no. 16 (1768)
= Linaria elatine f. ciliata Bég.; (1902)
= Linaria elatine f. stenotricha (Gaudin) Bég.; (1902)
= Linaria elatine var. convolvulacea (Lojac.) Bég.; (1902)
= Linaria elatine var. dentata Lamb. ex Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 12: 476 (1910), nom. illeg.
= Linaria elatine var. microphylla Lamb. ex Rouy; (1910)
= Linaria elatine var. peloria Boenn.; Prodr. Fl. Monast. Westphal.: 187 (1824)
= Linaria elatine var. spuria (L.) Fiori; (1926)
= Linaria prestandreae var. ciliosa Lojac.; (1907)
= Linaria prestandreae var. glabrata Guss.; (1855)
= Linaria reticulata Dulac; Fl. Hautes-Pyrénées: 375 (1867), nom. illeg.
= Linaria sieberi subsp. convolvulacea (Lojac.) Nyman; (1890)
= Linaria ×brebissonii Corb.; Nouv. Fl. Normand 427 (1893)
= Simbuleta elatum (L.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 465 (1891)
= Tursitis elatine (L.) Raf.; Autikon Botanikon, 156 (1840), Pennell, in Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 48: 95 (1921)
= Tursitis filifera Raf.; Autikon Botanikon, 157 (1840), Pennell in Torreya 22: 81 (1922)
= Tursitis flexuosa Raf.; Autikon Bot. 157 (1840)
subspecies :
subsp. caucasica (Muss.-Puschk.) Chrtek; Cas. Nár. Muz. (Prague), 153(2): 99 (1984)
Distribution: S-European Russia; Ukraine; Crimea; Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia
14 KRY RUS UKR 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM GEO NCS
Synonyms: hidden
= Linaria caucasica Muss.-Puschk. ex Spreng.; Syst. Veg. ed. 16, 2: 790 (1825)
= Kickxia caucasica (Muss.-Puschk. ex Spreng.) Kuprian.; Kom., Fl. URSS 22: 178 (1955)
subspecies :
subsp. sieberi (Rchb.) Hayek; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 30(2): 144 (1929)
Name: Langhaariges Tännelkraut (DE); Sharpleaf Cancerwort (EN)
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Serbia; Kosovo; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; European Russia; Algeria; Tunisia; Egypt (Desert Oases, Great Southwestern Desert, Nile Delta, NW-coastal Egypt); Azores (Sao Miguel Isl., Terceira, Sao Jorge); Madeira (Madeira Isl.); Ethiopia; Eritrea; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iraq (NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia); Iran (NE-Iran: Mts., W-Iran); Afghanistan (Bamyan, Helmand, Nangarhar, Qunduz, Takhar); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel); Sinai peninsula (S-Sinai); Saudi Arabia (N-Saudi Arabia, Asir); Oman (Mascat & Oman); Yemen (N-Inner Yemen); Pakistan (Baluchistan, Quetta, Chitral); Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I])
12 COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI ROM SIC SLV SRB TUE 14 RUS 20 ALG EGY TUN 21 AZO MDR 24 ERI ETH 34 AFG CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR LEB SIN SYR TUR 35 OMA SAU YEM 40 PAK 50 aus
Synonyms: hidden
= Antirrhinum caucasicum (Spreng.) Willd. ex Ledeb.; Fl. Ross. 3: 205 (1847), pro syn.
= Antirrhinum elatinoides Ten.; Fl. Napol. 2: 48 (1820), nom. illeg.
= Elatinoides elatine var. villosa (Beissn.) Schwartz; (1939)
= Elatinoides sieberi (Rchb.) Dörfl.; Exsicc. (Herb. Norm.) 1908: no. 4915 (1908)
= Kickxia bombycina (Boiss. & Blanche) Vierh. & Rech.fil.; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 84: 175 (1935)
= Kickxia elatine subsp. bombycina (Boiss. & Blume) Chrtek; Cas. Nár. Muz. (Prague), 153(2): 99 (1984)
= Kickxia elatine subsp. crinita (Mabille) Mabille & Greuter; Boissiera 13: 108 (1967)
= Kickxia elatine var. bombycina (Boiss. & Blanche) Hayek; (1929)
= Kickxia elatine var. prestandreae (Tineo) P.D.Sell; Fl. Great Britain Ireland 3: 520 (2009)
= Kickxia lasiopoda (Vis.) Fritsch; Excursionsfl. Oesterr. 492 (1897)
= Kickxia sieberi (Rchb.) Dörfl. & Allan; Bull. Dept. Sci. Industr. Res. New Zealand 83: 300 (1940)
= Kickxia sieberi (Rchb.) Nábelek; (1926)
= Kickxia sieberi var. bombycina (Boiss. & Blanche) Rech.fil.; (1943)
= Kickxia subsessilis Pennell; Scroph. W. Himal. (Acad. Nat. Sci. Philad., Monogr. 5) 60 (1943)
= Linaria biancae Lojac.; Osserv. Lin. Eur. 7, 13 (1907)
= Linaria bombycina Boiss. & C.I.Blanche; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 2, 3: 161 (1856)
= Linaria crinita Mabille; Rech. Pl. Corsica, fasc. 1: 30 (1867)
= Linaria elatine f. dentata (Guss.) Bég.; (1902)
= Linaria elatine race sieberi (Rchb.) Samp.; (1913)
= Linaria elatine subsp. crinita (Mabille) O.Bolòs & Vigo; Collect. Bot. 14: 98 (1983)
= Linaria elatine subsp. lasiopoda (Vis.) Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital.: 509 (1882)
= Linaria elatine subsp. sieberi (Rchb.) Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital., ed. 2: 397 (1894)
= Linaria elatine var. biancae (Lojac.) Bég.; (1902)
= Linaria elatine var. caerulea Chav.; (1833)
= Linaria elatine var. gallaecica Merino & Pau; (1906)
= Linaria elatine var. lasiopoda Vis.; Fl. Dalmat. 2: 161 (1847)
= Linaria elatine var. sieberi (Rchb.) Chav.; (1833)
= Linaria elatine var. villosa Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 4: 367 (1879)
= Linaria elatiniflora Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 542 (1881), nom. inval.
= Linaria filipes Bornm.; Mitteil. Thüring. Bot. Ver. n. s. 30: 80 (1913) (Lebanon, Palestine)
= Linaria lasiopoda (Vis.) Freyn; Verh. K.-K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 27: 389 (1878)
= Linaria prestandreae Tineo ex Guss.; Guss. Fl. Sic. Syn. 2: 842 (1844)
= Linaria prestandreae var. dentata Guss.; (1855)
= Linaria sieberi Rchb.; Fl. Germ. Excurs. 374 (1831)
= Linaria sieberi subsp. crinita (Mabille) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 542 (1881)
= Linaria sieberi var. biancae (Lojac.) Nyman; (1890)
= Linaria sieberi var. bombycina (Boiss. & C.I.Blanche) Halácsy; Consp. Fl. Graec. 2: 415 (1902)
= Linaria sieberi var. lasiopoda (Vis.) Nyman; (1881)
= Linaria sieberi var. prestandrae (Tineo) Rouy; Matér. Révis. Fl. Portugal 2: 28 (1882)
= Linaria spuria f. minoripes Pau; Bol. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 21: 202 (1921)
= Linaria spuria subsp. elatiniflora (Wahlenb.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 542 (1881)
= Linaria spuria var. calvipes Sennen & Pau; Bol. Soc. Aragonesa Ci. Nat. 4: 325 (1905)
= Tursitis reniformis Raf.; Autik. Bot.: 157 (1840)
species :
Kickxia elatinoides (Desf.) Rothm.; Feddes Repert. Beih. 136: 113 (1956)
Distribution: Algeria
20 ALG
Synonyms: hidden
= Antirrhinum elatinoides (Desf.) Willd.; Sp. Pl. 3: 235 (1800)
= Linaria elatinoides Desf.; Fl. Atlant. 2: 39. t. 132 (1798)
species :
Kickxia floribunda (Boiss.) Täckh. & Boulos; Publ. Cairo Univ. Herb. 5: 97 (1974)
Distribution: Egypt (NE-Egypt); Israel (Rift Valley, N-Negev Desert, Judean Desert); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, N-Sinai, S-Sinai); Jordania (S-Jordania)
20 EGY 34 ISR JOR SIN
Synonyms: hidden
= Linaria floribunda Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 1, 12: 40 (1853)
= Linaria floribunda var. laxiflora Bornm.; (1913)
species :
Kickxia gombaultii (J.Thiébaut) Mouterde; Nouv. Fl. Lib. et Syria (ed. Charpin) 3 3: 227, t. CXX, n. 5 (1980)
Distribution: Syria (C-Syrian Desert)
34 SYR
Synonyms: hidden
= Linaria gombaultii J.Thiébaut; Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 82: 191 (1935)
species :
Kickxia hartlii (Betsche) D.Heller; Consp. Fl. Orientalis 4: 43 (1987)
Distribution: Sinai peninsula (S-Sinai)
34 SIN
Synonyms: hidden
= Pogonorrhinum hartlii Betsche; Cour. Forsch. Inst. Senckenberg 71: 129, Abb. 1a-b (1984)
species :
Kickxia iranica Zeraatkar & F.Ghahrem.; Rostaniha 16(2): 147 (2016)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Kickxia lanigera (Desf.) Hand.-Mazz.; Ann. Naturh. Mus. (Wien) 27: 403 (1913)
Name: Wolliges Tännelkraut (DE); Woolly Fluellen (EN)
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; Baleares; ?France; ?Sicily; Croatia; European Turkey; Crete; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Madeira (Madeira Isl.); East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (E-Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia); Cyprus (E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, NW-Syria, Jbel Druze, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (Rift Valley); Jordania (S-Jordania)
12 BAL GIB POR SPA 13 CRO KRI TUE 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN 21 MDR 34 CYP EAI ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Antirrhinum cordatum Buch ex Chav.; Monog. 181 (1833)
= Antirrhinum lanigerum (Desf.) Willd.; Sp. Pl. 3: 233 (1800)
= Elatine lanigera Moench ex Steud.; Nom. ed. II. 1: 546 (1840)
= Elatinoides lanigera (Desf.) Cout.; Bol. Soc. Broter. 22: 124 (1906)
= Elatinoides lanigera var. dealbata (Hoffmanns. & Link) Cout.; (1906)
= Kickxia dealbata (Hoffmanns. & Link) Rothm.; Broteria, Ser. Trimestr. 9: 13 (1940)
= Kickxia lanigera Hand.-Mazz.; Ann. Nat, Hofmus. Wien 27: 403 (1913)
= Kickxia lanigera var. dealbata (Hoffmanns. & Link) R.Fern.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 64(1): 74 (1971)
= Linaria dealbata Hoffmanns. & Link; Fl. Port 1: 232. t. 34 (1811)
= Linaria lanigera Desf.; Fl. Atlant. 2: 38. t. 130 (1798)
= Linaria lanigera var. dealbata (Hoffmanns. & Link) Samp.; Lista Esp. Herb. Port.: 111 (1913)
= Linaria lanigera var. villosissima Post; (1893)
species :
Kickxia membranacea D.A.Sutton; Revis. tribe Antirrhineae 191 (1988)
Distribution: Bhutan
40 BHU
species :
Kickxia papillosa R.R.Mill; Edinburgh J. Bot. 57(3): 419 (2000)
Distribution: Bhutan
40 BHU
species :
Kickxia pendula (Kunkel) Kunkel; Cuad. Bot. Canar., 14- 15: 56 (1972)
Name: Hängendes Tännelkraut (DE); Picopajarito colgante (ES)
Distribution: Canary Isl. (Gran Canaria)
21 CNY
Synonyms: hidden
= Linaria pendula Kunkel; Cuadernos Bot. Canar. 9: 8 (1970)
= Pogonorrhinum pendulum (Kunkel) Betsche; Courier Forschungsinst. Senckenberg 71: 129 (1984), without basionym page
species :
Kickxia petiolata D.A.Sutton; Revis. tribe Antirrhineae 244 (1988)
Distribution: Yemen
35 YEM
species :
Kickxia pseudoscoparia V.A.W.W.Sm. & D.A.Sutton; D. A. Sutton, Revis. tribe Antirrhineae 231 (1988)
Distribution: Saudi Arabia
35 SAU
Synonyms: hidden
= Linaria macilenta Khattab & Hadidi; (1971) non Decne.
species :
Kickxia sabarum V.A.W.W.Sm. & D.A.Sutton; D. A. Sutton, Revis. tribe Antirrhineae 233 (1988)
Distribution: Yemen
35 YEM
Synonyms: hidden
= Linaria sagittata Schwartz; (1939) p. p.
species :
Kickxia saccata D.A.Sutton; Revis. tribe Antirrhineae 246 (1988)
Distribution: Yemen
35 YEM
species :
Kickxia scalarum (Schweinf. ex Blatt.) D.A.Sutton; Revis. tribe Antirrhineae 237 (1988)
Distribution: Yemen
35 YEM
Synonyms: hidden
= Linaria scalarum Schweinf. ex Blatt.; Rec. Bot. Surv. India 8: 343 (1921), nomen
species :
Kickxia spiniflora (Schwartz) D.A.Sutton; Revis. tribe Antirrhineae 229 (1988)
Distribution: Yemen (Inner Hadhramaut)
35 YEM
Synonyms: hidden
= Linaria spiniflora Schwartz; Mitt. Inst. Bot. Hamburg 10: 241 (1939)
species :
Kickxia spuria (L.) Dumort.; Fl. Belg. 35 (1827)
subspecies :
subsp. spuria
Name: Eiblättriges Tännelkraut (DE), Roundleaf cancerwort (EN)
Distribution: England; Denmark [I]; Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hessen [I], Mecklenburg-Vorpommern [I], Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein [I], Saarland, +Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Baleares; France; Channel Isl.; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; San Marino; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; ?North Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; European Russia; Crimea; Egypt (Nile Delta); Azores (Santa Maria Isl., Sao Miguel Isl., Terceira, Graciosa, Sao Jorge, Pico, Faial, Flores Isl., Corvo Isl.); South Africa [I]; Armenia; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, S-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iraq; Iran (N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan); Cyprus (C-Mountains); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel); Sinai peninsula (S-Sinai); Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); Canada [I] (British Columbia [I], Ontario [I]); USA [I] (Alabama [I], California [I], Florida [I], Kentucky [I], Missouri [I], Montana [I], North Carolina [I], New Jersey [I], New York [I], Ohio [I], Oregon [I], Pennsylvania [I], Rhode Island [I], Tennessee [I], Wisconsin [I])
10 den GRB 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 BAL CIS COR FRA SAR 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO ITA KOS MNT ROM SIC SLV SMA SRB TUE 14 KRY RUS 20 EGY 21 AZO 27 saf 33 ARM 34 CYP IRN IRQ ISR LEB SIN SYR TUR 50 aus 71 cdn 72 cdn 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 78 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Antirrhinum rotundifolium Gilib.; Fl. Lit. Inch. 1: 138 (1782), opus utique oppr.
= Antirrhinum spurium L.; Sp. Pl. 613 (1753)
= Antirrhinum spurium var. peloria Gaudin; Fl. Helv. 4: 149 (1829)
= Cymbalaria spuria (L.) G.Gaertn., B.Mey. & Scherb.; Fl. Wett. 2: 398 (1800)
= Elatine ovata Moench; Meth. Suppl. 171 (1802), nom. illeg.
= Elatine spuria (L.) Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, N. S. 17: 126 (1869)
= Elatinoides spuria (L.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 58 (1891)
= Elatinoides spuria (L.) Wettst.; Nat. Pflanzenfam. [Engl. & Prantl] 4(3b): 58 (1891)
= Kickxia spuria var. geminiflora Dumort.; (1827)
= Linaria lanigera Hoffmanns. & Link; Fl. Portug. 1: 231 (1811), nom. illeg.
= Linaria nottae Dur.-Duq.; L. A. de Brébisson, Fl. Normandie, ed. 3: 208 (1859)
= Linaria segetum Bubani; Fl. Pyren. 1: 312 (1897)
= Linaria spuria (L.) Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. VIII. n. 15 (1768)
= Linaria spuria f. dentata (Chav.) Bég.; (1902)
= Linaria spuria var. dentata Chav.; Monogr. Antirrh.: 106 (1833)
= Linaria spuria var. glabra Lojac.; (1907)
= Linaria spuria var. minoripes Pau; Bol. Real Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 21: 202 (1921)
= Linaria spuria var. multiflora Babey; (1845)
= Linaria spuria var. peloria Klett & Richt.; Fl. Leipzig: 532 (1830)
= Linaria spuria var. toussaintii Corb.; Nouv. Fl. Normandie: 427 (1894)
= Linaria subrotunda St.-Lag.; Cariot, Etud. des fl. ed. 8, 2: 622 (1889)
= Tursitis rotundifolia (Gilib.) Raf.; Autikon Bot. 157 (1840)
subspecies :
subsp. integrifolia (Brot.) R.Fern.; Bot. Jour. Linn. Soc. 64: 74 (1971)
Name: Ganzblättriges Tännelkraut (DE); Roundleaf Cancerwort (EN)
Distribution: Hungary; Portugal; Spain; Baleares; Sicily; Croatia; Albania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Azores (Santa Maria Isl., Sao Miguel Isl., Terceira); Madeira (Madeira Isl.); Islas Selvagens; Canary Isl. (La Palma); East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey; Iran; Lebanon; Syria; Israel; Jordania
11 HUN 12 BAL POR SPA 13 ALB BUL CRO GRC KRI SIC TUE 20 ALG MOR TUN 21 AZO CNY MDR SEL 34 EAI IRN ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Antirrhinum spurium var. integrifolium Brot.; Phytogr. Lusitan. Select. 2: 119 (1827 publ. 1835)
= Cymbalaria dentata Schur; Enum. Pl. Transs. 488 (1866)
= Elatinoides spuria var. racemigera (Lange) Cout.; Bol. Soc. Brot. 22: 122 (1906)
= Kickxia racemigera (Lange) Rothm.; Broteria, Ser. Trimestr. 9: 13 (1940)
= Linaria dentata Schur; Enum. Pl. Transs. 488 (1866)
= Linaria elatine var. calvipes (Sennen & Pau) O.Bolòs & Vigo; Collect. Bot. 14: 97 (1983)
= Linaria spuria f. microphylla (Chav.) Bég.; (1902)
= Linaria spuria f. villosa (Rouy) Pérez Lara; Mem. Real Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 2: 51 (1903)
= Linaria spuria subsp. calvipes Sennen & Pau; (1905)
= Linaria spuria subsp. laevipes Sennen & Pau; (1912)
= Linaria spuria var. lanigera (Hoffmanns. & Link) Nyman; (1881)
= Linaria spuria var. microphylla Chav.; Monogr. Antirrh.: 106 (1833)
= Linaria spuria var. racemigera Lange; Willk. & Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 2: 560 (1870)
= Linaria spuria var. villosa Rouy; Naturaliste 5: 245, 246 (1883)
species :
Kickxia ×confinis (Lacroix) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 13: 303 (1967)
Distribution: Germany (Niedersachsen); etc.
11 GER
Remarks: Kickxia elatine x spuria
Synonyms: hidden
= Linaria ×confinis Lacroix; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 6: 564 (1859)
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A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 24.7 (July 18th, 2024)

Covering 355,223 accepted species,
8,675 hybrids, 47,796 accepted infraspecific taxa and 998,088 synonyms,
in total 1,409,782* names

[*about 25,000 dubious, "unplaced" names and about 4,000 invalid names (Art. 24.3) like "typicus" are deliberately omitted]


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Arranged in linear phylogenetic sequence reflecting true relationships

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Assembled through 40 years independently from other databases

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