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V. 14.3
November 10th, 2022

504.0000 Family Campanulaceae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 163 (1789), nom. cons.
85 genera, ca. 2450 spp.
Species listed in database: 2478; hybrids: 26
= Cyananthaceae J.Agardh, Theoria Syst. Pl.: 384 (1858)
= Cyphiaceae A.DC., DC., Prodr. 7(2): 497 (1839)
= Cyphocarpaceae (Miers) Reveal & Hoogland, Phytologia 79: 74 (1996)
= Dortmannaceae Rupr., Fl. Ingr.: 649 (1856)
= Jasionaceae Dumort., Anal. Fam. Pl.: 28, 30 (1829)
= Lobeliaceae Juss., A. J. A. Bonplond, Descr. Pl. Malmaison: 19, t. 7 (1813), nom. cons.
= Nemacladaceae Nutt., Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc., ser. 2, 8: 254 (1842)
504.2323 Genus Legousia Durande; Fl. Bourgogne 1: 37 (1782)
Distribution: temp. Northern Hemisphere, S-America; coasts of the Black Sea, Crimea, Northern Caucasus, Middie Asia
Species listed in database: 7
= Apenula Neck., Elem. 1: 234 (1790)
= Campylocera Nutt., Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. Ser. II. 8: 257 (1843)
= Dysmicodon Nutt., Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. Ser. II. 8: 255 (1843)
= Specularia Heist. ex Fabr., Enum. Meth. Pl. Hort. Helmst., ed. 2, 225 (1763)
= Speculum-veneris Gérard ex Meisn., Gen. Conm. 364 (1840 ?)
species :
Legousia falcata (Ten.) Janch.; Mitt. Naturwiss. Vereins Univ. Wien ser. 2, 5: 100 (1907)
Name: Sichelfrüchtiger Frauenspiegel (DE); Sickle-fruited Venus´-looking-glass (EN); Campanita de oz (ES)
Distribution: Spain; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Sicily; Italy; Serbia & Kosovo; Montenegro; Macedonia; Croatia; Albania; Germany [I]; Libya; Tunisia; Algeria; Morocco; Georgia [Caucasus]; ?Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Turkmenistan; Turkey (N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, N-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Iran (Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel); Jordania (W-Jordania); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, C-Syrian Desert, Jbel Druze, W-Syrian Mountains); Madeira (Madeira Isl.); Canary Isl. (Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro, La Palma Isl.)
11 ger 12 BAL COR FRA SAR SPA 13 ALB CRO GRC ITA KRI MNT NMA SIC SRB 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN 21 CNY MDR 32 TKM 33 ARM GEO 34 CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Campanula falcata (Ten.) Schult., J. J. Roem. & J. A. Schult., Syst. Veg. 5: 154 (1819)
= Campanula syriaca Willd. ex Schult., J. J. Roem. & J. A. Schult., Syst. Veg. 5: 133 (1819)
= Pentagonia falcata (Ten.) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. Pl. 2: 381 (1891)
= Prismatocarpus falcatus Ten., Cat. Pl. Hort. Neapol. App. 1: 36 (1815)
= Specularia falcata (Ten.) A.DC., Monogr. Campan.: 345 (1830)
= Specularia falcata var. pusilla Boiss., Fl. Orient. 3: 960 (1875)
= Triodanis falcata (Ten.) McVaugh, Wrightia, 1: 28 (1945)
species :
Legousia hybrida (L.) Delarbre; Fl. Auvergne ed. 2: 47 (1800)
Name: Kleiner Frauenspiegel, Kleinblütiger Frauenspiegel (DE); Campanita bastarda (ES)
Distribution: Belgium; England; Germany (Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, +Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern [I], Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, +Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen [I], Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Netherlands; Romania; Portugal; Spain; ?Andorra; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Malta; Sicily; Italy; San Marino; Serbia & Kosovo; Montenegro; Macedonia; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Albania; Crimea; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl.; Libya; Tunisia; Morocco; Algeria; Ukraine; Northern Caucasus; Azerbaijan; Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); European Turkey; Iran (N-Iran); Israel (N-Israel); Azores (Terceira); Madeira (Madeira Isl.); Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Gran Canaria, Tenerife)
10 GRB 11 BGM GER NET SWI 12 BAL COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH CRO GRC ITA KRI MLT MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SMA SRB TUE 14 KRY UKR 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN 21 AZO CNY MDR 33 AZE NCS 34 CYP EAI IRN ISR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Campanula hybrida L., Sp. Pl.: 168 (1753)
= Campanula spuria Pall. ex Schult., J. J. Roem. & J. A. Schult., Syst. Veg. 5: 154 (1819)
= Legousia balearica Sennen, Bol. Soc. Ibér. Ci. Nat. 28: 171 (1929 publ. 1930)
= Legousia conferta (Moench) Samp., Herb. Portug.: 127 (1913), nom. illeg.
= Legousia parviflora Gray, Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 410 (1821), nom. illeg.
= Pentagonia hybrida (L.) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. Pl. 2: 381 (1891)
= Prismatocarpus confertus Moench, Methodus: 496 (1794), nom. illeg.
= Prismatocarpus hybridus (L.) L´Hér., Sert. Angl.: 3 (1789)
= Prismatocarpus speculum var. hybridus (L.) Moritzi, 129 (1832)
= Specularia calycina Lojac., Fl. Sicul. 2(1): 229 (1903)
= Specularia conferta (Moench) E.H.L.Krause, J. Sturm, Deutschl. Fl., ed. 2, 12: 271 (1904), nom. illeg.
= Specularia hybrida (L.) A.DC., Monogr. Campan.: 348 (1830)
= Specularia parviflora (Gray) St.-Lag., A. Cariot, Étude Fl., ed. 8, 2: 551 (1889), nom. illeg.
= Specularia speculum ssp. hybrida (L.) Bertsch & F.Bertsch, 258 (1933)
species :
Legousia juliani (Batt.) Briq.; Candollea 4: 332 (1931)
Distribution: Algeria
20 ALG
Synonyms: hidden
= Specularia juliani Batt., Ratt. & Trab., Fl. Algèrie Tunisie: 222 (1905)
species :
Legousia scabra (Lowe) Gamisans; Cat. Pl. Vasc. Corse: 100 (1985)
Distribution: Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Corsica; France; Portugal; Spain; Andorra; Greece; Azores; Cyprus; etc.
12 ADO COR FRA POR SPA 13 GRC 20 ALG MOR TUN 21 AZO 34 CYP
Synonyms: hidden
= Legousia castellana (Lange) Samp., Herb. Portug.: 127 (1913)
= Legousia castellana var. grandiflora (Lange) Maire, Cat. Pl. Maroc 4: 1139 (1941)
= Legousia castellana var. longisepala Maire, Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 22: 55 (1931)
= Legousia castellana var. maroccana (Pau & Font Quer) Maire, Cat. Pl. Maroc 3: 736 (1934)
= Legousia falcata var. scabra (Lowe) Maire, Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 25: 308 (1934)
= Legousia falcata var. scabra (Lowe) Meikle, Fl. Cyprus, 2:, 1055, 1897 (1985)
= Legousia pecten-veneris var maroccana Pau & Font Quer
= Legousia falcata ssp. castellana (Lange) Jauzein, Fl. champs cultives: 863 (1995)
= Legousia scabra var. grandiflora (Willk.) O.Bolòs & Vigo, Fl. Països Catalans, 3: 666 (1995)
= Legousia speculum-veneris var. maroccana Pau & Font Quer, Font Quer Iter Marocc. 1927 no. 639, in sched. (1928)
= Prismatocarpus scaber Lowe, Trans. Camb. Phil. Soc. 6: (1838) reimp. 16
= Specularia castellana Lange, Index Sem. Hort. Haun.: 25 (1855)
= Specularia castellana var. grandiflora Willk., M. Willkomm & J. M. C. Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 2: 297 (1868)
= Specularia castellana var. maroccana (Pau & Font Quer) Quézel
= Specularia falcata ssp. castellana (Lange) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 483 (1879)
= Specularia falcata var. scabra (Lowe) A.DC., DC., Prodr. 7: 490 (1839)
species :
Legousia snogerupii Biel & Kit Tan; Phytotaxa 201(1): 64 (2015)
Distribution: Greece (SE-Aegaean: Amorgos, etc.)
13 GRC
species :
Legousia speculum-veneris (L.) Chaix; Pl. Vap.: 34 (1785)
subspecies :
subsp. speculum-veneris
Name: Gewöhnlicher Frauenspiegel, Echter Frauenspiegel (DE); Common Venus´-looking-glass (EN)
Distribution: Austria; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg [I], Berlin [I], Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hessen [I], +Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein [I], Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, +Thüringen); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Netherlands; Hungary; Romania; Portugal; NE-Spain; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Sicily; Italy; San Marino; Serbia & Kosovo; Montenegro; Macedonia; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Albania; Bulgaria; Algeria [I]; Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Egypt (Nile Delta); European Turkey; Iran (W-Iran); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel); Jordania (W-Jordania); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Saudi Arabia (Hejaz, Asir); Syria (coastal W-Syria, NW-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains); Georgia [Caucasus]; ?Northern Caucasus; Nepal [I]; USA [I] (California [I], Pennsylvania [I])
11 AUT BGM GER HUN LIE LUX NET SWI 12 COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KRI MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SMA SRB TUE 20 alg EGY 33 GEO 34 CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR 35 SAU 40 nep
Synonyms: hidden
= Campanula arvensis Pers., Syn. Pl. 1: 193 (1805)
= Campanula cordata Vis., Stirp. Dalm. 5 (1826)
= Campanula hirta (Ten.) Schult., J. J. Roem. & J. A. Schult., Syst. Veg. 5: 153 (1819)
= Campanula pulchella Salisb., Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton: 127 (1796), nom. illeg.
= Campanula speculum-veneris L., Sp. Pl.: 168 (1753)
= Campanula trigona Ehrenb. ex Boiss., Fl. Orient. 3: 959 (1875)
= Githopsis latifolia Eastw.
= Legousia arvensis Durande, Fl. Bourg. 1: 37
= Legousia durandii Delarbre, Fl. Auvergne, ed. 2: 45 (1800), nom. illeg.
= Legousia speculum Fisch. ex A.DC., Monogr. Campan.: 347 (1830)
= Prismatocarpus cordatus (Vis.) Rchb., Fl. Germ. Excurs.: 858 (1831)
= Prismatocarpus hirtus Ten., Fl. Napol. 1(Prodr.): xvi (1811)
= Prismatocarpus speculum var. hispidus J.J.Schmitz & Regel, 239 (1841)
= Prismatocarpus speculum var. pubescens Pohl, 208 (1809)
= Prismatocarpus speculum-veneris (L.) L´Hér., Sert. Angl.: 3 (1789)
= Prismatocarpus speculum-veneris var. hirtus (Ten.) K.Koch, Linnaea 19: 30 (1846)
= Rapunculus speculum (L’Hér.) E.H.L.Krause, 277 (1904)
= Specularia arvensis Montandon, F. Friche-Joset, Syn. Fl. Jura, ed. 2: 156 (1868)
= Specularia cordata (Vis.) Heynh., Nom. Bot. Hort.: 689 (1841)
= Specularia hirta (Ten.) Gand., Fl. Cret.: 69 (1916)
= Specularia polypiflora Davidov, Trav. Soc. Bulg. Sci. Nat. 8: 92 (1915)
= Specularia speculum A.DC., 346 (1830), nom. inval.
= Specularia speculum-veneris (L.) A.DC., Monogr. Campan.: 346 (1830)
= Specularia speculum-veneris ssp. hirta (Ten.) Arcang., Comp. Fl. Ital.: 450 (1882)
= Specularia speculum-veneris var. calycina A.DC., Monogr. Campan.: 347 (1830)
= Specularia speculum-veneris var. cordata (Vis.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 483 (1879)
= Specularia speculum-veneris var. hirta (Ten.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 483 (1879)
= Specularia speculum-veneris var. libanotica A.DC., Monogr. Campan.: 347 (1830)
= Specularia speculum-veneris var. procumbens (Voss) auct., Rev. Hort. 1897: 254 (1897)
= Specularia speculum-veneris var. pubescens A.DC., Monogr. Campan.: 347 (1830)
= Specularia speculum-veneris var. racemosa Boiss., Fl. Orient. 3: 959 (1875)
= Specularia speculum-veneris var. stricta Griseb., Spic. Fl. Rumel. 2: 279 (1846)
= Specularia vulgaris Kitt., Taschenb. Fl. Deutschl., ed. 2: 483 (1843), nom. illeg.
subspecies :
subsp. pentagonia (L.) Wahlsteen; Willdenowia 49(1): 31 (2019)
Name: Fünfkanten-Frauenspiegel (DE); Large Venus´-looking-glass (EN)
Distribution: France [I]; Germany [I]; Bulgaria; Georgia [Caucasus]; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); European Turkey; Iran (W-Iran); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Israel (Rift Valley, N-Israel); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon); Syria (Jazira, NW-Syria, Jbel Druze, W-Syrian Mountains)
11 ger 12 fra 13 BUL GRC KRI TUE 33 GEO 34 EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Campanula coa (A.DC.) D.Dietr., Syn. Pl. 1: 758 (1839)
= Campanula pentagonia L., Sp. Pl.: 169 (1753)
= Pentagonia coa (A.DC.) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. Pl. 2: 381 (1891)
= Prismatocarpus pentagonius (L.) L´Hér., Sert. Angl.: 3 (1789)
= Specularia coa A.DC., Monogr. Campan.: 350 (1830)
= Specularia pentagonia (L.) A.DC., Monogr. Campan.: 344 (1830)
= Specularia pentagonia var. coa (A.DC.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 483 (1879)
= Specularia pentagonia var. pubescens A.DC., DC., Prodr. 7: 489 (1839)
= Legousia pentagonia (L.) Thell., Viertelj. Naturf. Ges. Zürich 52: 465 (1907)
species :
Legousia skvortsovii Proskur.; Byull. Mosk. Obshch. Ispyt. Prir., Biol., 85(4): 95 (1980)
Distribution: Turkmenistan
32 TKM
...

A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


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