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Ver. 19.4
June 30th, 2024

096.0000 Family Araceae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 23 (1789), nom. cons.
123 genera, ca. 4100 spp.
Species listed in database: 4489; hybrids: 19
= Arisaraceae Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 4: 16 (1838)
= Caladiaceae Salisb.; Gen. Pl.: 5 (1866)
= Callaceae Rchb. ex Bartl.; Ord. Nat. Pl.: 25, 66 (1830)
= Colocasiaceae Vines; Stud. Text-book Bot. 2: 541 (1895)
= Cryptocorynaceae J.Agardh; Theoria Syst. Pl.: 32 (1858)
= Dracontiaceae Salisb.; Gen. Pl.: 7 (1866)
= Lasiaceae Vines; Stud. Text-book Bot. 2: 540 (1895)
= Lemnaceae Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 729 (1822), nom. cons.
= Monsteraceae Vines; Stud. Text-book Bot. 2: 540 (1895)
= Orontiaceae Bartl.; Ord. Nat. Pl.: 24, 68 (1830)
= Pistiaceae Rich. ex C.Agardh; Aphor. Bot.: 130 (1822)
= Philodendraceae Vines; Stud. Text-book Bot. 2: 540 (1895)
= Pothaceae Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 4: 16 (1838)
= Wolffiaceae Bubani; Fl. Pyren. 4: 22 (1902)
096.3003 Genus Lemna L.; Sp. Pl. 2: 970 (1753)
Distribution: cosmopolitan, esp. cold and temp. regions
Species listed in database: 13
= Hydrophace Hall.; Enum. Stirp. Helv. 3: 68 (1768)
= Lenticularia Ség.; Pl. Veron. 3: 129 (1754)
= Staurogeton Rchb.; Nom. 33 (1841)
= Telmatophace Schleid.; Linnaea 13: 391 (1839)
= Lenticula P.Micheli ex Adans.; Fam. Pl. 2: 471 (1763)
species :
Lemna aequinoctialis Welw.; Apont. 578 (1859)
Name: Duckweed, Lentille d´Eau (Trinidad & Tobago); Lentejilla de agua, Yerba de pato (ES), Lesser duckweed (EN); Wenigrippige Wasserlinse (DE)
Distribution: England [I]; Sweden [I]; Finland [I]; Germany [I]; Poland [I]; Hungary [I]; France [I]; Italy [I]; Bulgaria [I]; Greece [I]; Ukraine [I]; Egypt (Desert Oases, Nile Delta, Nile Valley); Senegal; Gambia; Guinea-Bissau; Guinea; Sierra Leone; Liberia; Burkina Faso; Ivory Coast; Ghana; Togo; Benin; Nigeria; Cameroon; Bioko Isl. [Fernando Poo]; São Tomé; Equatorial Guinea; Congo [Brazzaville]; Central African Republic; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Rwanda; Burundi; Chad; Sudan; South Sudan; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; Angola; Zambia; Malawi; Zimbabwe; Mozambique; Namibia; Botswana; South Africa (Limpopo, Gauteng, Mpulamanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal); Madagascar; Comores (Mayotte, etc.); Mauritius; La Réunion; Rodrigues; Aldabra; Seychelles; Russian Far East (Khabarovsk); Iraq (SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia); Afghanistan (Kunar / Nuristan); Lebanon (coastal W-Lebanon); Jordania (W-Jordania); China (Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guizhou, Hebei, Henan, Hubei, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Liaoning, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Yunnan, Zhejiang); Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu); Taiwan; Pakistan; Bhutan; India (almost throughout); Sri Lanka; Bangladesh; Andaman Isl. (North Andamans, Middle Andamans, South Andamans, Little Andaman Isl.); Nicobar Isl. (Car Nicobar Isl., North Nicobars, Central Nicobars, Great Nicobar Isl., Little Nicobar Isl.); Myanmar; Thailand; Laos; Cambodia; Vietnam; peninsular Malaysia; Sumatra (incl. Enggano Isl.); N-Borneo; Sulawesi; Philippines; Java (incl. Madura Isl., Kangean Isl.); Lesser Sunda Isl. (Timor); Moluccas; Moluccas (Ambon, Aru Isl.); Christmas Isl. [Austr.]; New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea); Australia (Northern Territory, Queensland, Western Australia, New South Wales); New Zealand; New Caledonia; Tonga; Fiji; [Western] Samoa (Savai´i, ´Upolu); American Samoa [I] (Tutuila [I]); Northern Marianas (Saipan, Tinian); Guam; Fed. States of Micronesia (Yap, Truk, Moen); Hawaii (Kauai, Oahu, Molokai, Maui [I], Hawaii Isl. [I]); USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Arizona, California, Florida, Georgia, Iowa, Illinois, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, Nebraska, New Mexico, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, Wisconsin); Bermuda; Mexico (Aguascalientes, Baja California Norte, Baja California Sur, Campeche, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Colima, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Queretaro, Quintana Roo, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Yucatan, Zacatecas); Guatemala; Belize; El Salvador; Honduras; Nicaragua; Costa Rica; Panama; Bahamas; Cuba; Cayman Isl.; Jamaica; Hispaniola; Puerto Rico; Virgin Isl. (St. Croix, St. John); St. Martin/St. Maarten; St. Barthélémy; Antigua; Guadeloupe; Martinique; Grenadines; Grenada; Barbados; Tobago; Trinidad; Aruba; Curacao; Colombia (Amazonas, Antioquia, Atlántico, Bolívar, Cesar, Córdoba, Cundinamarca, Huila, Magdalena, Santander, Sucre, Tolima); Venezuela (Aragua, Cojedes, Delta Amacuro, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Falcon, Guarico, Merida, Monagas, Sucre, Zulia); Guyana; Surinam; French Guiana; Ecuador; Galapagos; Peru; Bolivia (Beni, Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, La Paz, Pando, Santa Cruz); N-Brazil (Amazonas); NE-Brazil (Piauí, Ceara, Rio Grande do Norte, Pernambuco, Bahia, Alagoas); WC-Brazil (Mato Grosso do Sul); SE-Brazil (Espirito Santo, Rio de Janeiro); S-Brazil (Santa Catarina); Paraguay (Alto Paraguay, Caaguazu, Itapua, Neembucu, Pres. Hayes, San Pedro); Argentina (Chaco, Chubut, Cordoba, Corrientes, Entre Rios, Formosa, Jujuy, La Rioja, Mendoza, Misiones, Salta, Santiago del Estero, Santa Fe, Tucuman)
10 fin grb swe 11 ger hun pol 12 fra 13 bul grc ita 14 ukr 20 EGY 22 BEN BKN GAM GHA GNB GUI IVO LBR NGA SEN SIE TOG 23 BIO BUR CAF CMN CON EQG RWA SAO ZAI 24 CHA SSU SUD 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 ANG MLW MOZ ZAM ZIM 27 BOT NAM SAF 29 ALD COM MAU MDG REU ROD SEY 31 RFE 34 AFG IRQ JOR LEB 36 CHI 38 JAP TAI 40 BAN BHU IND PAK SRL 41 AND CBD LAO MYA NCB THA VIE 42 BOR JAW LSI MLY MOL NWG PHI SUL SUM XMS 50 AUS 51 NZL 60 asa FIJ NWC SAM TON 62 GUM MIC MRN 63 HAW 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX 80 BLZ COS ELS GUA HON NIC PAN 81 ABA ARU BAH BBD BER CAY CUB CUR GDL GRE HIS JAM MAR PUE SBA STM STV TRT VIR 82 CLM FRG GUY SUR VEN 83 BOL ECU GAL PER 84 BRA 85 ARG PAR
Synonyms: hidden
= Lemna angolensis Welw.; J. Bot. 3: 112 (1865) ex Hegelm.
= Lemna aoukikusa subsp. hokurikuensis T.Beppu & Murata; Acta Phytotax. Geobot., 36(1-3): 56 (1985)
= Lemna aoukikusa T.Beppu & Murata; Acta Phytotax. Geobot., 36(1-3): 55 (1985)
= Lemna blatteri McCann; J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 42: 153 (1942)
= Lemna eleanorae McCann; J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 42: 154 (1942)
= Lemna minima Blatt. & Hallb.; J. Indian Bot. 2: 50 (1921), nom. illeg.
= Lemna paucicostata Hegelm. ex Engelm.; A. Gray, Manual, ed. 5, (2nd issue): 681 (1868)
= Lemna paucicostata var. membranacea Hegelm.; Lemnac.: 141 (1868)
= Lemna perpusilla var. trinervis Austin; A. Gray, Manual, ed. 5: 479 (1867)
= Lemna trinervis (Austin) Small; Fl. S. E. U. S. 230 (1903)
species :
Lemna disperma Hegelm.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 21: 290 (1895)
Distribution: Australia (Western Australia, South Australia, Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania); New Zealand; Argentina [I] (Santa Fe [I])
50 AUS 51 NZL 85 arg
Synonyms: hidden
= Lemna disperma var. fallax Hegelm.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 21: 291 (1895)
species :
Lemna gibba L.; Sp. Pl. 970 (1753)
Name: Bucklige Wasserlinse (DE); Swollen duckweed (EN); Lenteja de agua peluda (ES)
Distribution: England; Ireland; Denmark; +Norway; Sweden; Finland; Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; Baleares; France; Channel Isl.; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Malta; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Serbia; Kosovo; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; European Russia (C-European Russia, W-European Russia, E-European Russia); Ukraine; Crimea; Morocco; Western Sahara; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt (Desert Oases, Great Southwestern Desert, Nile Delta, Nile Valley, NW-coastal Egypt); Madeira (Madeira Isl.); Canary Isl. (Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, La Palma Isl.); D.R.Congo [Zaire]; N-Chad (Tibesti); Ethiopia; Eritrea; Kenya; Tanzania; Botswana; South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Kazakhstan; Uzbekistan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl.; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Iraq (SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia); Iran (N-Iran, S-Iran, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Balkh, Faryab, Ghazni, Kabul, Kunar / Nuristan, Qunduz); Lebanon (coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (Jbel Druze); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, Judean Desert); Jordania (S-Jordania); Saudi Arabia (Asir); Yemen (W-Yemen); N-China; Pakistan (Pakistani Punjab); India (almost throughout); USA (Arizona, California, Colorado, Illinois, Indiana, Mississippi, Montana, Nebraska, New Mexico, Nevada, Oklahoma, Oregon, Texas, Utah, Wyoming); Mexico (Aguascalientes, Baja California Norte, Baja California Sur, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Colima, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Zacatecas); Colombia (Cundinamarca); Venezuela (Cojedes); Ecuador; Peru; Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, La Paz, Oruro, Potosí, Santa Cruz, Tarija); S-Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul); Paraguay (Alto Paraguay, Pres. Hayes); Uruguay (Canelones, Montevideo, San Jose, Treinta y Tres); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Catamarca, Chaco, Chubut, Cordoba, Corrientes, Entre Rios, Formosa, Jujuy, La Pampa, La Rioja, Mendoza, Rio Negro, Salta, Santa Cruz, Santiago del Estero, Santa Fe, San Juan, San Luis, Tucuman); Chile (Tarapacá, Antofagasta, Coquimbo, Valparaíso, Metropolitana de Santiago, O´Higgins, Biobío, Los Lagos)
10 DEN FIN GRB IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 BAL CIS COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS MLT ROM SIC SLV SRB TUE 14 BLR EST KRY LAT LIT RUS UKR 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN WSA 21 CNY MDR 23 ZAI 24 CHA ERI ETH 25 KEN TAN 27 BOT SAF 32 KAZ TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR 35 SAU YEM 36 CHI 40 IND PAK 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX 82 CLM VEN 83 BOL ECU PER 84 BRA 85 ARG CLE PAR URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Lemna cordata Sessé & Moc.; Naturaleza (Mexico City), ser. 2, 1(App.): 159 (1890)
= Lemna gibba var. arrhiza Hampe; 6 (1836), nom. inval.
= Lemna parodiana Giardelli; Not. Mus. La Plata, Bot. 2: 97 (1937)
= Lemna trichorrhiza Thuill. ex Schleid.; Linnaea 13: 391 (1839), nom. inval.
= Lenticula gibba (L.) Moench; Meth. 319 (1794)
= Lenticula gibbosa P.Renault; Fl. Orne: 40 (1803)
= Telmatophace arrhiza Schur; Verh. Siebenb. Ver. Naturw. 4: 70 (1853)
= Telmatophace generalis E.H.L.Krause; Sturm, Fl. Deutschland, ed. 2, 1: 184 (1906)
= Telmatophace gibba (L.) Schleid.; Linnaea 13: 391 (1839)
= Telmatophace gibba var. trichorrhiza Thuill. ex Schleid.; 391 (1839)
= Telmatophace gibbosa (P.Renault) Montandon; Guide Bot. Sundgau: 308 (1868)
species :
Lemna japonica Landolt; Veröff. Geobot. Inst. Rübel 70: 23 (1980)
Distribution: Russian Far East (Amur, Kamchatka, Khabarovsk, Primorye, Sakhalin); China (Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Jiangsu, Nei Mongol, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Yunnan, Zhejiang); Japan
31 RFE 36 CHI 38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Lemna leiboensis M.G.Liu & C.H.Hou; J. S. W. Agric. Coll. 1983(4): 58 (1983)
species :
Lemna landoltii Halder & Venu; Taiwania 58(1): 12 (2013)
Distribution: India (West Bengal)
40 IND
species :
Lemna minor L.; Sp. PI.: 970 (1753)
Name: Kleine Wasserlinse (DE); Common duckweed (EN); Lenteja de agua comun (ES)
Distribution: Iceland; Svalbard; Faeroe Isl.; England; Ireland; Denmark; Norway; Sweden; Finland; Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; Baleares; France; Channel Isl.; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Malta; San Marino; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece; Crete; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; European Russia (W-European Russia, C-European Russia, E-European Russia, N-European Russia); Ukraine; Crimea; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt (Desert Oases, Nile Delta, NW-coastal Egypt); Azores (Sao Miguel Isl., Terceira); Madeira (Madeira Isl.); Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera); Cape Verde Isl. (Ilha de Sao Tiago); D.R.Congo [Zaire]; N-Chad; Sudan; Ethiopia; Uganda; Kenya; South Africa (Gauteng, Mpulamanga, KwaZulu-Natal, E-Cape Prov.); Lesotho; St. Helena; Siberia (Altai, Buryatia, Chita, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva, W-Siberia, Yakutia); Russian Far East (Amur, Kamchatka, Khabarovsk, Magadan, Primorye, Sakhalin); Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl.; Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Iraq (SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia, W-Iraq: Desert); Iran (N-Iran, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Kabul, Kunar / Nuristan); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, NW-Syria, Jbel Druze); Israel (Rift Valley); Jordania (S-Jordania); Yemen (N-Inner Yemen); W-Tibet; Mongolia; Japan (Hokkaido); Pakistan; Nepal; Bhutan; India (almost throughout); Bangladesh; Andaman Isl. (North Andamans, Middle Andamans, South Andamans, Little Andaman Isl.); Nicobar Isl. (Car Nicobar Isl., North Nicobars, Central Nicobars, Great Nicobar Isl., Little Nicobar Isl.); Cambodia; peninsular Malaysia; Philippines; Australia [I] (Victoria [I]); New Zealand; Chatham Isl.; Tonga (Tongatapu); Alaska; Canada (British Columbia, Manitoba, Ontario, Québec, Saskatchewan); USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Iowa, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, Montana, North Carolina, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, Nevada, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Vermont, Washington State, Wisconsin, West Virginia, Wyoming); Bermuda; Mexico (Baja California Norte, Baja California Sur, Campeche, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila, México Distrito Federal, Mexico State, Michoacan, Nuevo León, Puebla); El Salvador; Honduras; ?Nicaragua; NE-Brazil (Ceara, Rio Grande do Norte, Paraíba, Pernambuco)
10 DEN FIN FOR GRB ICE IRE NOR SVA SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 BAL CIS COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MLT MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SMA SRB TUE 14 BLR EST KRY LAT LIT RUS UKR 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 21 AZO CNY CVI MDR 23 ZAI 24 CHA ETH SUD 25 KEN UGA 27 LES SAF 28 STH 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR 35 YEM 36 TIB 37 MON 38 JAP 40 BAN BHU IND NEP PAK 41 AND CBD NCB 42 MLY PHI 50 aus 51 CTM NZL 60 TON 70 ASK 71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX 80 ELS HON 81 BER 84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Hydrophace minor (L.) Bubani; Fl. Pyren. 4: 23 (1901)
= Lemna conjugata Willd. ex Schleid.; Linnaea 13: 391 (1839)
= Lemna minima Thuill. ex P.Beauv.; J. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat. Élément 82: 113 (1816)
= Lemna minor f. macrorhiza Norm.; Christ. Vidensk.-Selsk. Forh. 1893 (16): 39 (1893)
= Lemna minor var. minima Chevall.; Fl. Gen. Env. Paris 2: 256 (1827)
= Lemna minor var. orbiculata Austin; A. Gray, Manual, ed. 5: 479 (1867)
= Lemna minor var. oxymitra Hegelm.; Lemnac. 143 (1868)
= Lemna monorhiza Montandon; Guide Bot.: 308 (1868)
= Lemna obcordata Bojer; Hortus Maurit.: 358 (1837), not validly publ.
= Lemna ovata A.Br. ex C.Krauss; Flora 28: 344 (1845)
= Lemna palustris (Garsault) Haenke ex Mert. & W.D.J.Koch; J. C. Röhling, Deutschl. Fl., ed. 3, 1: 295 (1823)
= Lemna rwandensis De Sloover; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nation. Belg., 43(3-4): 366 (1973)
= Lemna vulgaris (Lam.) Lam.; Encycl. 3: 464 (1792)
= Lenticula minima (Chev.) Kurz; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 9: 266 (1867)
= Lenticula minor (L.) Scop.; Fl. Carniol., ed. 2, 2: 213 (1771)
= Lenticula palustris Garsault; Fig. Pl. Méd.: t. 336 (1764), opus utique oppr.
= Lenticula vulgaris Lam.; Fl. Franç. 2: 189 (1779)
= Lenticularia monorhiza Montandon; Guide Bot. Sundgau: 308 (1868)
species :
Lemna minuta Kunth; Nov. Gen. et Sp. 1: 372 (1816)
Name: Zierliche Wasserlinse, Kleinste Wasserlinse (DE); Least duckweed (EN); Lenteja de agua menor (ES)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Hungary [I]; Portugal [I]; Spain [I]; France [I]; Channel Isl. [I]; Albania [I]; Greece [I]; Crete [I]; Ukraine [I]; Canary Isl. [I] (Gran Canaria [I]); Russian Far East [I]; China [I]; Japan [I]; USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Arizona, California, Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Missouri, Nebraska, New Mexico, Nevada, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Washington State, West Virginia, Wyoming); Mexico (Aguascalientes, Baja California Norte, Baja California Sur, Campeche, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Ciudad de Mexico, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nuevo León, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Quintana Roo, San Luis Potosi, Sonora, Zacatecas); Guatemala; Costa Rica; Panama; Jamaica; Puerto Rico; Virgin Isl. (St. Thomas); Guadeloupe; Colombia (Boyacá, Cundinamarca); Venezuela (Aragua, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Merida); Ecuador; Peru; Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, La Paz, Oruro, Potosí); N-Brazil (Amazonas); NE-Brazil (Bahia); S-Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina); Paraguay (Alto Paraguay, Central, Cordillera, Paraguari); Uruguay (Canelones, Florida Prov., Montevideo, Rocha, San Jose, Treinta y Tres); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Catamarca, Chaco, Chubut, Cordoba, Corrientes, Entre Rios, Formosa, Jujuy, La Rioja, Mendoza, Neuquen, Rio Negro, Salta, Santa Cruz, Santiago del Estero, Santa Fe, San Juan, Tucuman); Chile (Arica y Parinacota, Tarapacá, Antofagasta, Coquimbo, Valparaíso, Metropolitana de Santiago, O´Higgins, Maule, Ñuble, Biobío, Araucanía, Los Lagos)
11 ger hun 12 cis fra por spa 13 alb grc kri 14 ukr 21 cny 31 rfe 36 chi 38 jap 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX 80 COS GUA PAN 81 GDL JAM PUE VIR 82 CLM VEN 83 BOL ECU PER 84 BRA 85 ARG CLE PAR URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Lemna abbreviata (Hegelm.) Hegelm.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 21: 298 (1895)
= Lemna minima (Hegelm.) Phil. ex Hegelm.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 21: 299 (1895), nom. illeg.
= Lemna minuscula Herter; Rev. Sudamer. Bot. 9: 185 (1954) (nom. illeg.)
= Lemna valdiviana var. abbreviata Hegelm.; Mart., Fl. Bras. 3(2): 19 (1878)
= Lemna valdiviana var. minima Hegelm.; Lemnac.: 138 (1868)
species :
Lemna obscura (Austin) Daubs; Illinois Biol. Monogr., No. 34, 20 (1965)
Name: Little duckweed
Distribution: Hawaii [I] (Oahu [I], Hawaii Isl. [I]); USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Arizona, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, Nebraska, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Wisconsin, West Virginia); Mexico (Aguascalientes, Chiapas, Ciudad de Mexico, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Puebla, Tabasco, Veracruz, Zacatecas); Bahamas; Colombia (Atlántico, Bolívar, Córdoba, Magdalena); Ecuador
63 haw 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX 81 BAH 82 CLM 83 ECU
Synonyms: hidden
= Lemna ecuadoriensis Landolt; Veroff. Goebot. Inst. Rubel 70: 22 (1980)
= Lemna minor var. colorata Hegelm.; Lemnac.: 144 (1868)
= Lemna minor var. obscura Austin; A. Gray, Manual, ed. 5: 479 (1867)
species :
Lemna perpusilla Torr.; Fl. State New York 2: 245 (1843)
Name: Minute duckweed
Distribution: S-France [I]; N-Italy [I]; Gambia [I]; Burundi [I]; Yemen [I]; South Korea [I]; Ryukyu Isl. [I]; Nepal [I]; Bhutan [I]; India [I]; Bangladesh [I]; Laos [I]; peninsular Malaysia [I]; Singapore [I]; Philippines [I]; Lesser Sunda Isl. [I] (Bali [I]); Canada (Québec); USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Arizona, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Georgia, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, Vermont, Wisconsin, West Virginia)
12 fra 13 ita 22 gam 23 bur 35 yem 38 kor nns 40 ban bhu ind nep 41 lao 42 lsi mly phi sng 72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Hydrophace perpusilla (Torr.) Lunell; Amer. Midl. Nat. 4: 237 (1915)
= Lemna perpusilla var. trinervis Austin ex A.Gray; Manual (Gray) ed. 5: 479 (1867)
species :
Lemna tenera Kurz; J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 40: II. 78 (1871)
Distribution: Myanmar; Thailand; Vietnam; peninsular Malaysia (Penang, Perak); Singapore; Borneo (Natuna Isl.); Australia (N-Northern Territory)
41 MYA THA VIE 42 BOR MLY SNG 50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Staurogeton tener (Kurz) Tzvelev; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 84(7): 114 (1999)
species :
Lemna trisulca L.; Sp. Pl. 970 (1753)
Name: Untergetauchte Wasserlinse, Dreifurchige Wasserlinse (DE), Star duckweed (EN)
Distribution: England; Ireland; Denmark; Norway; Sweden; Finland; Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; France; Channel Isl.; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Malta; Slovenia; Croatia; ?Bosnia & Hercegovina; Serbia; Kosovo; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; European Russia (W-European Russia, C-European Russia, E-European Russia, N-European Russia); Ukraine; Crimea; Morocco; Algeria; E-D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Ethiopia; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; Siberia (Altai, Buryatia, Chita, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva, W-Siberia, Yakutia); Russian Far East (Amur, Kamchatka, Khabarovsk, Kuril Isl., Magadan, Primorye, Sakhalin); Kazakhstan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Iran (N-Iran, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Faryab, Ghazni, Herat); Lebanon (Antilebanon); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley); China (Anhui, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Hubei, Jiangsu, Nei Mongol, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Yunnan, Zhejiang); Mongolia; Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku); Taiwan; Pakistan; India (Manipur, Odisha, West Bengal); Bangladesh; Myanmar; peninsular Malaysia; N-Sumatra; Philippines; Moluccas (Aru Isl., Maikoor Isl.); New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea); Australia (South Australia, Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania); Alaska; Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Northern Territories, Nunavut, Ontario, Prince Edward Isl., Québec, Saskatchewan, Yukon); USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Iowa, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, Nevada, New York, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Vermont, Washington State, Wisconsin, Wyoming); Mexico (Baja California Norte, Baja California Sur, Ciudad de Mexico, Hidalgo, Mexico State); Cuba [I]
10 DEN FIN GRB IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 CIS FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS MLT ROM SIC SLV SRB TUE 14 BLR EST KRY LAT LIT RUS UKR 20 ALG MOR 23 ZAI 24 ETH 25 KEN TAN UGA 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ KGZ TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG IRN IRQ ISR LEB TUR 36 CHI 37 MON 38 JAP TAI 40 BAN IND PAK 41 MYA 42 MLY MOL NWG PHI SUM 50 AUS 70 ASK CDN 71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX 81 cub
Synonyms: hidden
= Hydrophace trisulca (L.) Bubani; Fl. Pyren. 4: 23 (1901)
= Lemna bisulca Veesenm.; Beitr. Pflanzenk. Russ. Reiches 9: 104 (1854)
= Lemna cruciata Roxb.; Hort. Beng. 66, Fl. Ind. 3: 566 (1832)
= Lemna intermedia Ruthe; Fl. Mark Brandenb. u. Niederlausitz, Aufl. 2, 277 (1834)
= Lemna intermedia Ruthe ex Schleid.; Linnaea 13: 391 (1839)
= Lemna ramosa Clairv.; 4 (1811), nom. illeg.
= Lemna trisulca f. pygmaea (Henn.) C.W.Christ. & Werner Christ.; 287 (1922)
= Lemna trisulca var. integra Zapal.; 255 (1906)
= Lemna trisulca var. pygmaea Henn.; Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 33: 8 (1891)
= Lemna trisulca var. sagittata Makino; J. Jap. Bot. 3: 10 (1926)
= Lenticula ramosa Lam.; Fl. Franç. 2: 189 (1779)
= Lenticula trisulca (L.) Moench; 319 (1794)
= Lenticula trisulca (L.) Scop.; Fl. Carniol., ed. 2, 2: 213 (1771)
= Staurogeton trisulcus (L.) Schur; Verh. Mitth. Siebenbürg. Vereins Naturwiss. Hermannstadt 4: 70 (1853)
species :
Lemna turionifera Landolt; Aquatic Bot. 1(4): 355 (1975)
Name: Turion duckweed (EN); Rote Wasserlinse (DE)
Distribution: Finland; Netherlands [I]; Germany [I]; Austria [I]; Poland [I]; Czech Republic [I]; Hungary [I]; France [I]; Estonia; European Russia (C-European Russia, E-European Russia); Siberia (Krasnoyarsk, Yakutia); Russian Far East (Kamchatka, Khabarovsk, Primorye, Sakhalin); Turkmenistan; Kyrgyzstan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, NE-Anatolia); China (Anhui, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Nei Mongol); Mongolia; India (Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, West Bengal); Alaska; Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Northern Territories, Ontario, Prince Edward Isl., Québec, Saskatchewan, Yukon); St. Pierre et Miquelon; USA (Alabama, Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Iowa, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Mexico, Nevada, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Washington State, Wisconsin, Wyoming); Mexico (Baja California Norte)
10 FIN 11 aut cze ger hun net pol 12 fra 14 EST RUS 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KGZ TKM 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 TUR 36 CHI 37 MON 40 IND 70 ASK CDN 71 CDN 72 CDN SPM 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX
species :
Lemna valdiviana Phil.; Linnaea 33: 239 (1864)
Name: Valdivia duckweed (EN); Lenteja de agua (Chile)
Distribution: Portugal [I]; Spain [I]; SW-France [I]; USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Michigan, Missouri, Mississippi, Montana, North Carolina, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, Nevada, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Vermont, West Virginia, Wyoming); Bermuda; Mexico (Baja California Norte, Baja California Sur, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Colima, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Oaxaca, Quintana Roo, Tabasco); Guatemala; Belize; El Salvador; Honduras; Nicaragua; Costa Rica; Panama; Cuba; Jamaica; Hispaniola; Puerto Rico; Antigua; Guadeloupe (incl. Les Saintes Isl.); Marie-Galante; Martinique; Trinidad; Colombia (Atlántico, Bolívar, Cesar, Córdoba, Cundinamarca); Venezuela (Anzoategui, Aragua, Carabobo, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Portuguesa, Yaracuy, Zulia); Surinam; Ecuador; Peru; Bolivia (Beni, Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, La Paz, Oruro, Pando, Santa Cruz); N-Brazil (Amazonas); NE-Brazil (Piauí, Paraíba, Pernambuco, Bahia); WC-Brazil (Mato Grosso do Sul); SE-Brazil (Rio de Janeiro); S-Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina); Paraguay (Central); Uruguay (Canelones, Montevideo, Rocha, San Jose, Treinta y Tres); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Chaco, Chubut, Cordoba, Corrientes, Entre Rios, Formosa, Jujuy, La Pampa, Mendoza, Misiones, Neuquen, Salta, Santa Cruz, Santa Fe, Tucuman); Chile (Tarapacá, Valparaíso, Metropolitana de Santiago, Maule, Araucanía, Los Lagos)
12 fra por spa 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX 80 BLZ COS ELS GUA HON NIC PAN 81 ABA BER CUB GDL HIS JAM MAR PUE TRT 82 CLM SUR VEN 83 BOL ECU PER 84 BRA 85 ARG CLE PAR URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Lemna cherokensis Schwein. ex Hegelm.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 21: 298 (1896)
= Lemna cyclostasa (Elliott) Chevall. ex C.H.Thomps.; Rep. (Annual) Missouri Bot. Gard. 9: 35 (1898)
= Lemna minor var. cyclostasa Elliott; Sketch Bot. S. Carolina 2: 518 (1824)
= Lemna minuta Raf.; Med. Repos. Original Essays Intelligence Phys. 5: 353 (1808)
= Lemna platyclados (Hegelm.) Hegelm.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 21: 298 (1895)
= Lemna torreyi Austin; A. Gray, Man. Bot. N. U. St. 479 (1867)
= Lemna valdiviana var. pellucida Hegelm.; Lemnac.: 138 (1868)
= Lemna valdiviana var. platyclados Hegelm.; Fl. Bras. 3(2): 20 (1878)
= Lemna valdiviana var. robusta Hegelm.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 21: 298 (1895)
= Lemna yungensis Landolt; Bull. Geobot. Inst. ETH 64: 18 (1998) (synonymy fide Bog et al. 2020)
= Lenticula cyclostasa (Elliott) Kurz; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 9: 266 (1866)
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A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 19.4 (June 30th, 2024)

Covering 355,230 accepted species,
8,675 hybrids, 47,796 accepted infraspecific taxa and 997,888 synonyms,
in total 1,409,589* names

[*about 25,000 dubious, "unplaced" names and about 4,000 invalid names (Art. 24.3) like "typicus" are deliberately omitted]


With complete, detailed distribution data (countries and regions) and literature references

Arranged in linear phylogenetic sequence reflecting true relationships

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With 38,209 pictures of 15,787 species

Assembled through 40 years independently from other databases

In cooperation with Catalogue of Life