Search

Reset
* Only valid names are shown as results

Filter

Reset

Order

Family (36)

Genus (14)

Prev genus | Next genus

Display options

Ver. 19.4
June 30th, 2024

336.0000 Family Linaceae DC. ex Perleb; Vers. Arzneikr. Pfl.: 107 (1818), nom. cons.
14 genera, ca. 280 spp.
Species listed in database: 284; hybrids: 1
= Hugoniaceae Arn.; R. Wight & C. A. W. Arn., Prodr. Fl. Ind. Orient.: 1: 71 (1834)
336.0201 Genus Linum L.; Sp. Pl.: 277 (1753)
Distribution: Temperate and subtropical regions, esp. Mediterranean (ca. 80)
Species listed in database: 198; hybrids: 1
= Adenolinum Rchb.; Handb. Nat. Pfl.-Syst.: 306 (1837)
= Alsolinum Fourr.; Ann. Soc. L. Lyon, N. S. 16: 349 (1868)
= Cathartolinum Rchb.; Handb. Nat. Pfl.-Syst.: 306 (1837)
= Chrysolinum Fourr.; Ann. Soc. L. Lyon, N. S. 16: 349 (1868)
= Leucolinum Fourr.; Ann. Soc. L. Lyon, N. S. 16: 349 (1868)
= Linopsis Rchb.; Handb. 306 (1837)
= Meiapinon Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 3: 32 (1836)
= Mesyniopsis W.A.Weber; Phytologia 70(4): 232 (1991)
= Mesynium Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 3: 33 (1836)
= Nezera Raf.; New Fl. Am. 4: 64 (1836)
= Numisaureum Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 3: 32 (1836)
= Xantholinum Rchb.; Handb. Nat. Pfl.-Syst.: 306 (1837)
species :
Linum acuticarpum C.M.Rogers; Nordic J. Bot. 1(6): 712 (1981 publ. 1982)
Distribution: South Africa (W-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
species :
Linum adustum E.Mey. ex Planch.; Hook. Lond. J. Bot. 7: 492 (1848)
Distribution: South Africa (W-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
species :
Linum aethiopicum Thunb.; Prodr. Pl. Cap. 57 (1794)
Distribution: South Africa (W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Linopsis aethiopica Rchb.; Handb. Nat. Pfl.-Syst.: 307 (1837)
species :
Linum africanum L.; Sp. Pl. 280 (1753)
Distribution: South Africa (W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Linopsis africana (L.) Rchb.; Handb. Nat. Pfl.-Syst.: 307 (1837)
= Linum acuminatum E.Mey.; Drège, Zwei Pfl. Docum. 199 (1843)
= Linum bartlingii Eckl. & Zeyh.; Enum. Pl. Afric. Austral.: 35 (1835)
= Linum gracile Planch.; Hook. Lond. J. Bot. 7: 496 (1848)
= Linum juniperifolium Eckl. & Zeyh.; Enum. Pl. Afric. Austral.: 35 (1835)
= Mesynium africanum (L.) Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 3: 33 (1837)
species :
Linum aksehirense Tugay & Ulukus; PhytoKeys 136: 25 (2019)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Linum alatum (Small) H.J.P.Winkl.; Nat. Pflanzenfam., ed. 2 [Engl. & Prantl] 19a: 116 (1931)
Name: Winged flax
Distribution: USA (Louisiana, Texas)
77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cathartolinum alatum Small; N. Am. Fl. 25: 81 (1907)
= Linum berlandieri var. plotzii Trel.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 5: 16 (1887)
= Linum marginatum Small; Fl. S. E. U. S.: 663 (1903), nom. illeg.
= Linum spinescens Lundell; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 29: 474 (1943)
= Mesynium alatum (Small) W.A.Weber; Phytologia 55(1): 3 (1984)
species :
Linum album Kotschy ex Boiss.; Diagn. ser. 1, 6: 27 (1846)
Distribution: Iran (EC-Iran, N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, S-Iran, W-Iran); Syria (C-Syrian Desert)
34 IRN SYR
species :
Linum allredii Sivinski & M.O.Howard; Phytoneuron 2011-33: 1 (2011)
Distribution: USA (New Mexico: Eddy Co.)
77 USA
species :
Linum alpinum Jacq.; Enum. Stirp. Vindob.: 229 (1762)
subspecies :
subsp. alpinum
Distribution: Switzerland; Liechtenstein; N-Spain (Pyrenees, Cordillera Cantabrica); Andorra; France; Italy; Bulgaria; Greece
11 LIE SWI 12 ADO FRA SPA 13 BUL GRC ITA
Remarks: austriacum agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Adenolinum alpicola Rchb.; Handb. Nat. Pfl.-Syst.: 307 (1837)
= Adenolinum alpinum (Jacq.) Rchb.; Handb. (1837) 307, et Ic. Fl. Germ. 16: 65 (1838)
= Adenolinum provinciale Fourr.; Ann. Soc. L. Lyon, N. S. 16: 350 (1868)
= Adenolinum pyrenaicum Rchb.; Handb. 307 (1837)
= Linum alpinum L.; Sp. Pl. ed. II. 1672 (1763)
= Linum austriacum DC.; J. B. A. M. de Lamarck & A. P. de Candolle, Fl. Franç., éd. 3 6: 615 (1815)
= Linum bavaricum Schult.; Flora 21: 643 (1838)
= Linum narbonense Suter; Helvet. Fl. 1: 184 (1802)
= Linum perenne Lam.; Fl. Franç. 3: 66 (1779)
= Linum perenne subsp. alpinum (Jacq.) Stoj. & Stef.; Fl. Bálg.: 708 (1925)
= Linum transsilvanicum Schur; Enum. Pl. Transs. 128 (1866)
subspecies :
subsp. bertolonii Guarino & Pignatti; Fl. Ital. [Pignatti] 2: 420 (2017)
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
subspecies :
subsp. collinum (Guss. ex Boiss.) J.-M.Tison; Biocosme Mésogéen 27(4): 124 (2010)
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; France; Italy; Sicily; Greece
12 FRA POR SPA 13 GRC ITA SIC
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum austriacum subsp. collinum (Boiss.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 125 (1878)
= Linum austriacum var. collinum Guss. ex Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 1: 864 (1869)
= Linum collinum (Guss. ex Boiss.) Hausskn.; Mitth. Thüring. Bot. Vereins 5: 60 (1893)
= Linum collinum Guss.; Fl. Sicul. Syn. 2: 808 (1845)
= Linum limanense Lamotte; Prodr. Fl. Plat. Centr. 1: 157 (1876)
= Linum perenne var. collinum (Guss. ex Boiss.) O.Bolòs & Vigo; But. Inst. Catalana Hist. Nat., 38 Bot. 1: 81 (1974)
= Linum provinciale Jord.; Obs. Pl. Crit. 7: 17 (1849)
= Linum ruscinonense Timb.-Lagr.; Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 7: 509 (1860)
= Linum squamulosum subsp. collinum (Guss. ex Boiss.) Naum.-Svetl.; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 47: 53 (2016)
subspecies :
subsp. gracilius (Bertol.) Pignatti; Anales lnst. Bot. Cavanilles 32(2): 218 (1975)
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum alpinum var. gracilius Bertol.; Fl. Ital. 3: 540 (1839)
subspecies :
subsp. julicum (Hayek) Hegi; Ill. Fl. Mitt.-Eur. 5(I): 16 (1924)
Distribution: France; Italy; Slovenia; Croatia
12 FRA 13 CRO ITA SLV
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum julicum Hayek; Abh. K. K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 4(2): 109 (1907)
subspecies :
subsp. laeve (Scop.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 125 (1878)
Distribution: ?Italy; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Bulgaria
13 BIH BUL
Synonyms: hidden
= Adenolinum montanum Rchb.; Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 16: 65 (1854)
= Linum alpinum subsp. montanum (W.D.J.Koch) Bonnier & Layens; Tabl. Synopt. Pl. Vasc. France: 54 (1894)
= Linum alpinum var. pseudomontanum Pignatti; Anales Inst. Bot. Cavanilles 32: 216 (1975)
= Linum laeve Scop.; Fl. Carniol. ed. 2, 1: 231 (1772)
= Linum montanum DC.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 1: 427 (1824), nom. illeg.
= Linum perenne subsp. montanum (W.D.J.Koch) Ockendon; Feddes Repert. 74: 20 (1967)
subspecies :
subsp. pirinicum Petrova; Izv. Bot. Inst. (Sofija) 23: 56 (1973)
Distribution: Bulgaria
13 BUL
species :
Linum altaicum Ledeb. ex Juz.; Komarov, Fl. USSR 14: 717 (1949)
subspecies :
subsp. altaicum
Distribution: Siberia (Altai, W-Siberia); Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; China (Xinjiang); Mongolia
30 SIB 32 KAZ KGZ TZK 36 CHI 37 MON
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum altaicum Fisch. ex Steud.; Nom. ed. II. 2: 51, nomen (1841)
= Linum kirgisicum Alef.; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 25: 255 (1867)
subspecies :
subsp. atricalyx (Juz.) Svetlova; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 37: 128 (2005)
Distribution: Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan
32 KGZ TZK
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum atricalyx Juz.; Komarov, Fl. USSR 14: 719 (1949)
species :
Linum amurense Alef.; Bot. Zeit. 25: 251 (1867)
Distribution: Siberia (Chita, Yakutia); Russian Far East (Amur, Primorye); China (Gansu, Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi)
30 SIB 31 RFE 36 CHI
species :
Linum appressum Caball.; Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 4: 426 (1944)
subspecies :
subsp. appressum
Distribution: C-Spain
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum milletii subsp. appressum (Caball.) Rivas Mart.; Itinera Geobot. 15: 704 (2002)
= Linum suffruticosum subsp. appressum (Caball.) Rivas Mart.; Anales Inst. Bot. Cavanilles 34: 548 (1978)
= Linum tenuifolium subsp. appressum (Caball.) Rivas Mart.; Publ. Inst. Biol. Aplicada 43: 76 (1967)
= Linum tenuifolium var. appressum (Caball.) O.Bolòs & Vigo; But. Inst. Catalana Hist. Nat., 38 Bot. 1: 81 (1974)
subspecies :
subsp. commutatum Mart.Labarga & Muñoz Garm.; Fl. Iber. 9: 507 (2015)
Distribution: NW-Spain
12 SPA
subspecies :
subsp. permixtum Mart.Labarga & Muñoz Garm.; Fl. Iber. 9: 507 (2015)
Distribution: NE-Spain; S-France
12 FRA SPA
species :
Linum arboreum L.; Sp. Pl.: 279 (1753)
Name: Gelber Strauch-Lein (DE); Tree Flax (EN)
Distribution: Greece (Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (SW-Anatolia)
13 GRC KRI 34 EAI TUR
Remarks: arboreum agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum globulariifolium Poir.; Lam., Encycl., Suppl. 3: 445 (1814)
= Linum simsii Planch.; Hook. Lond. J. Bot. 7: 512 (1848)
= Xantholinum arboreum (L.) Rchb.; Handb. 307 (1837)
species :
Linum arenicola (Small) H.J.P.Winkl.; Engl. & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. ed. 2, 19a: 116 (1931)
Name: Sand flax
Distribution: USA (Florida)
78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cathartolinum arenicolum Small; N. Am. Fl. 25: 75 (1907)
species :
Linum aretioides Boiss.; Diagn. ser. 1, 1: 55 (1843)
Distribution: Turkey (W-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Linum aristatum Engelm.; Wisliz. Tour North Mexico, 101 (1848)
Name: Bristle flax
Distribution: USA (Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, Texas, Utah); Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila, Sonora)
73 USA 76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Cathartolinum aristatum (Engelm.) Small; N. Am. Fl. 25: 83 (1907)
= Mesynium aristatum (Engelm.) W.A.Weber; Phytologia 55(1): 3 (1984)
species :
Linum aroanium Boiss. & Orph.; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 2, 1: 96 (1854)
Distribution: North Macedonia; Greece; Turkey (N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia); Lebanon (C-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains)
13 GRC NMA 34 LEB SYR TUR
Remarks: nervosum agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum cassium Rech.f.; Ark. Bot. andra ser. 1: 3 12 (1950)
species :
Linum australe A.Heller; Bull. Torr. Bot. Club, 627 (1898)
Name: Southern flax
Distribution: USA (Arizona, Colorado, Montana, New Mexico, Nevada, Texas, Utah, Wyoming); Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Mexico State, Oaxaca, Puebla, San Luis Potosi, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Zacatecas)
73 USA 76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Cathartolinum australe (A.Heller) Small; N. Am. Fl. 25: 81 (1907)
= Linum aristatum var. australe (A.Heller) Kearney & Peebles; J. Washington Acad. Sci. 29: 485 (1939)
= Mesynium australe (A.Heller) W.A.Weber; Phytologia 55(1): 3 (1984)
variant :
var. glandulosum C.M.Rogers; Sida 1: 336 (1964)
Distribution: USA (Arizona, Texas); Mexico (Sonora, Chihuahua, Durango, Guanajuato, México State, México Distrito Federal, Puebla)
76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Mesynium australe subsp. glandulosum (C.M.Rogers) W.A.Weber; Phytologia 55(1): 3 (1984)
species :
Linum austriacum L.; Sp. Pl.: 278 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. austriacum
Name: Österreichischer Lein (DE)
Distribution: Denmark [I]; Luxembourg; Germany [I]; Switzerland; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; France [I]; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; Ukraine; Kazakhstan; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, WN-Anatolia); Iran (EC-Iran, N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, S-Iran, W-Iran); Canada [I] (Ontario [I])
10 den 11 AUT CZE ger HUN LUX POL SLO SWI 12 fra 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC KOS NMA ROM SRB TUE 14 RUS UKR 32 KAZ 34 IRN TUR 72 cdn
Remarks: austriacum agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Adenolinum austriacum (L.) Rchb.; Handb. (1837) 307, et Ic. Fl. Germ. 16: 66 (1838)
= Adenolinum barbatulum (Lange ex Rchb.) Rchb.; Ic. Fl. Germ. 16: 73 (1838)
= Adenolinum marginatum (Rchb.) Rchb.; Handb. 307 (1837), et Ic. Fl. Germ. 16: 73 (1838)
= Adenolinum squamulosum (Willd.) Rchb.; Ic. Fl. Germ. 16: 66 (1838)
= Linum alpinum Pall.; Tabl. Phys. Topogr. Taur.: 49 (1795)
= Linum alpinum subsp. austriacum (L.) Bonnier & Layens; 54 (1894), nom. illeg.
= Linum angustifolium G.Lodd.; Bot. Cab. 15: t. 1543 (1830)
= Linum austriacum subsp. squamulosum (Willd.) Velen.; Fl. Bulg. 98 (1891)
= Linum austriacum var. squamulosum (Rud.) Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 1: 864 (1867)
= Linum barbulatum Lange ex Rchb.; Fl. Germ. Excurs. 2: 832 (1832)
= Linum marginatum Rchb.; Fl. Germ. Excurs. 832 (1832)
= Linum montanum Lorey & Durieu ex Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 1: 125 (1878)
= Linum perenne Guss.; Fl. Sic. Prod. 1: 386 (1827)
= Linum perenne subsp. austriacum (L.) O.Bolòs & Vigo; Mém. Real Acad. Cl. Barcelona 42(6): 42 (1973)
= Linum perenne var. austriacum (L.) Jess.; 264 (1879)
= Linum saxicola Jord.; Cat. Jard. Dijon (1848), 28
= Linum trinervium Freyn; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 26: 228 (1876)
subspecies :
subsp. gaetulum Humbert; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 19: 231 (1928)
Distribution: Morocco; Algeria
20 ALG MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum austriacum subvar. alboviolaceum Maire; Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc 21-22: 29 (1930)
subspecies :
subsp. marschallianum (Juz.) Greuter & Burdet; Willdenowia 12: 45 (1982)
Distribution: Crimea
14 KRY
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum marschallianum Juz.; Komarov, Fl. URSS 14: 721 (1949)
subspecies :
subsp. mauritanicum (Pomel) Greuter & Burdet; Willdenowia 12: 45 (1982)
Distribution: Morocco; Algeria
20 ALG MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum austriacum subsp. gomaricum Font Quer; Mém. Real Acad. Cl. Barcelona ser. 3, 22(18): 18 (1931)
= Linum austriacum var. mauritanicum (Pomel) Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 24: 207 (1932)
= Linum mauritanicum Pomel; Bull. Soc. Sci. Phys. Algerie 11: 214 (1874)
subspecies :
subsp. squamulosum (Juz.) comb.ined.
Distribution: Crimea; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia
14 KRY 33 ARM GEO NCS
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum austriacum subsp. euxinum (Juz.) Ockendon; Feddes Repert.: 74. 21 (1967)
= Adenolinum squamulosum (Rudolphi ex Willd.) Rchb.; Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 16: 66 (1854)
= Linum euxinum Juz.; Komarov, Fl. URSS 14: 721 (1949)
= Linum squamulosum Rudolphi ex Willd.; Enum. Pl.: 338 (1809)
subspecies :
subsp. tommasinii (Rchb.) Greuter & Burdet; Willdenowia 12: 45 (1982)
Distribution: Italy; Slovenia
13 ITA SLV
Synonyms: hidden
= Adenolinum tommasinii Rchb.; Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 6: 66 (1844)
= Linum squamulosum subsp. tommasinii (Rchb.) Naum.-Svetl.; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 47: 52 (2016)
= Linum tommasinii (Rchb.) Nyman; Syll. Fl. Eur.: 218 (1855)
species :
Linum ayliniae Yilmaz; Novon 26(2): 174 (2018)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Linum bahamense Northr.; Mem. Torr. Bot. Club 12: 42 (1902)
Distribution: Bahamas (Andros Isl., New Providence Isl., Eleuthera Isl., Abaco Isl., Grand Bahama Isl.)
81 BAH
Synonyms: hidden
= Cathartolinum bahamense (Northr.) Small; Britton et al., N. Amer. Fl. 25: 75 (1907)
= Cathartolinum bracei Small; N. Amer. Fl. 25(1): 75 (1907)
= Cathartolinum lignosum (Stapf) Small; Britton et al., N. Amer. Fl. 25: 75 (1907)
= Linum bahamense var. bracei (Small) C.M.Rogers; Brittonia 15: 107 (1963)
= Linum bracei (Small) H.J.P.Winkl.; Engl., Nat. Pflanzenfam. ed. 2, 19a: 116 (1931)
= Linum lignosum (Stapf) H.J.P.Winkl.; Engl., Nat. Pflanzenfam. ed. 2, 19a: 116 (1931)
= Linum lignosum Stapf; Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Wien. Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 51: 22 (1886)
variant :
var. corallicola (Small) C.M.Rogers; Brittonia 15: 107 (1968)
Name: Rock flax (Bahamas)
Distribution: Bahamas
81 BAH
Synonyms: hidden
= Cathartolinum corallicola Small; Britton et al., N. Amer. Fl. 25: 74 (1907)
= Linum bahamense f. corallicola (Small) C.M.Rogers; Rhodora 70: 440 (1968)
= Linum corallicola (Small) H.J.P.Winkl.; Engl. & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. ed. 2, 19a: 116 (1931)
species :
Linum basarabicum (Savul. & Rayss) Klokov ex Juz.; Komarov, Fl. USSR 14: 133 (1949)
Distribution: European Russia; Moldova; W-Ukraine
14 MLD RUS UKR
Remarks: flavum agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum flavum var. basarabicum Savul. & Rayss; Mat. Fl. Basarab. 3: 140 (1934)
= Linum flavum subsp. basarabicum (Savul. & Rayss) Svetlova; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 38: 150 (2006)
species :
Linum berlandieri Hook.; Bot. Mag, t. 3480 (1836)
Name: Berlandier´s yellow flax
Distribution: USA (Arkansas, Colorado, Kansas, Louisiana, Nebraska, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Texas); Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Nuevo Leon, Tamaulipas)
73 USA 74 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Cathartolinum berlandieri (Hook.) Small; Britton et al., N. Amer. Fl. 25: 82 (1907)
= Cathartolinum sanctum (Small) Small; N. Am. Fl. 25: 82 (1907)
= Linum annuum Nees; M. A. P. zu Wied-Neuwied, Reise Bras. 2: 431 (1821)
= Linum arkansanum Osterh.; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 28: 644 (1901)
= Linum plotzii Hook.; Bot. Mag. sub t. 3480 (1836)
= Linum rigidum var. berlandieri (Hook.) Torr. & A.Gray; Fl. N. Amer. (Torr. & A. Gray) 1: 204 (1838)
= Linum sanctum Small; Fl. S. E. U. S. (Small). 664, 1332 (1903)
= Mesynium texense Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 3: 33 (1836)
variant :
var. filifolium (Shinners) C.M.Rogers; NAm. Fl., Ser. 2, 12: 39 (1984)
Name: Berlandier´s yellow flax
Distribution: USA (Texas)
77 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum rigidum var. filifolium Shinners; Field & Lab. 17: 136 (1949)
species :
Linum betsiliense Baker; J. Bot. 20: 48 (1882)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
species :
Linum bienne Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. 8: Linum n 8. (1768)
Name: Schmalblättriger Lein, Zweijähriger Lein (DE); Pale Flax (EN); Lino blanco (ES)
Distribution: England; Ireland; Germany [I]; Portugal; Spain; Andorra; Gibraltar; Baleares; France; Channel Isl.; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Pantelleria; Malta; San Marino; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Crimea; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Azores (Santa Maria Isl., Terceira); Madeira (Madeira Isl., Porto Santo Isl.); Canary Isl. (Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro, La Palma Isl.); Georgia [Caucasus]; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia); Iran (EC-Iran, N-Iran, S-Iran, W-Iran); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, NW-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, Judean Desert); Jordania (W-Jordania); New Zealand [I]; Chatham Isl. [I]; Hawaii [I] (Maui [I]); Canada [I] (British Columbia [I]); USA [I] (California [I], Oregon [I], Pennsylvania [I]); Argentina [I]; Chile [I] (Antofagasta [I], Atacama [I], Coquimbo [I], Valparaíso [I], Metropolitana de Santiago [I], O´Higgins [I], Maule [I], Ñuble [I], Biobío [I], Araucanía [I], Los Rios [I], Los Lagos [I])
10 GRB IRE 11 ger 12 ADO BAL CIS COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MLT MNT NMA PTL SIC SLV SMA SRB TUE 14 KRY 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN 21 AZO CNY MDR 33 GEO 34 CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR 51 ctm nzl 63 haw 71 cdn 73 usa 75 usa 76 usa 85 arg cle
Synonyms: hidden
= Adenolinum angustifolium (Huds.) Rchb.; Handb. Nat. Pfl.-Syst.: 307 (1837)
= Cathartolinum agreste (Brot.) Rchb.; Handb. 307 (1837)
= Linum acuminatum Moench; Methodus: 287 (1794)
= Linum affine Panz. ex Schult.; Roem. & Schult.,Syst. Veg., ed. 15 bis 6: 737 (1820)
= Linum agrestre Brot.; Fl. Lusit. 1: 481 (1804)
= Linum ambiguum Jord.; Cat. Graines Jard. Dijon 1848: 27 (1848)
= Linum angustifolium Huds.; Fl. Angl. ed. 2: 134 (1778)
= Linum angustifolium subvar. nanum Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France [Rouy & Foucaud] 4: 63 (1897)
= Linum angustifolium var. cribrosum (Rchb.) Rouy; Fl. France [Rouy & Foucaud] 4: 64 (1897)
= Linum angustifolium var. siculum (C.Presl) Rouy; Fl. France [Rouy & Foucaud] 4: 63 (1897)
= Linum angustifolium var. submicranthum Hochr.; Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Gendve 7-8: 156 (1904)
= Linum arvense Bubani; Fl. Pyren. 52: 333 (1901)
= Linum austriacum Sims; Bot. Mag, t. 1086 (1808) non L.
= Linum bienne var. papillosum Molero & Romo; Homenaje Pedro Montserrat (Monogr. Inst. Pirenaico Ecol. (Jaca), 4): 272 (1988)
= Linum cribrosum Rchb.; Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 6: 63 (1844)
= Linum hispanicum Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. VIII. n. 7 (1768)
= Linum marginatum Poir.; Encyc. Suppl. 3: 443 (1814)
= Linum multicaule Hedw. ex Steud.; Nom. ed. I. 485 (1821)
= Linum narbonense Desf.; Fl. Atlant. 1: 279 (1798)
= Linum perenne Vill.; Hist. Pl. Dauph. 2: 550 (1787) non L.
= Linum pyrenaicum Pourr.; Mém. Acad. Sci. Toulouse 3: 322 (1788)
= Linum tenuifolium With.; Bot. Arr. Brit. Pl. ed. III. 2: 322 (1796) non L.
= Linum usitatissimum subsp. angustifolium (Huds.) Bonnier; Bonnier & R. C. V. Douin, 72 (1913), isonym
= Linum usitatissimum subsp. angustifolium (Huds.) Thell.; Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Cherbourg 38: 361 (1912)
= Linum usitatissimum subsp. bienne (Mill.) Stank.; Sborn. Nauchn. Trudov Prikl. Bot. Genet. Selekts. 113: 61 (1987)
= Linum usitatissimum subsp. hispanicum (Mill.) Thell.; 75 (1912)
= Linum usitatissimum var. bienne (Mill.) Hegi; 21 (1924)
= Linum usitatissimum var. cribrosum (Rchb.) C.Martinez; , nom. inval.
= Linum usitatissimum var. imperforatum Strobl
= Linum usitatissimum var. stenophyllum (Boiss.) Rech.f.; Fl. Iran., 106: 17 (1974)
variant :
var. siculum (C.Presl) Giardina & Raimondo; Bocconea 20:12 (2007)
Distribution: Sicily
13 SIC
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum siculum C.Presl; Fl. Sicula: 171 (1826)
= Linum usitatissimum var. siculum (C.Presl) Rouy; comb. inval.
species :
Linum boissieri Asch. & Sint. ex Boiss.; Fl. Suppl. 137 (1888)
Distribution: Turkey (SW-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: flavum agg.
species :
Linum brachypetalum O.Schwartz; Mitt. Inst. Bot. Hamburg 10: 119 (1939)
Distribution: Saudi Arabia (Asir); Yemen (N-Inner Yemen)
35 SAU YEM
species :
Linum brevifolium A.St.-Hil. & Naudin; Ann. Sci. Nat. Ser. 11. 18: 30 (1842)
Distribution: NE-Brazil (Bahia); WC-Brazil (Goiás); SE-Brazil (São Paulo); S-Brazil (Paraná, Santa Catarina); Uruguay (Rivera)
84 BRA 85 URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum brevifolium f. majus Urb.; Mart., Fl. Bras. 12(2): 462 (1877)
= Linum brevifolium f. oppositifolium Urb.; Mart., Fl. Bras. 12(2): 462 (1877)
= Linum brevifolium f. rigidum Urb.; Mart., Fl. Bras. 12(2): 462 (1877)
= Linum brevifolium f. squamifolium (Schiede) Urb.; Mart., Fl. Bras. 12(2): 462 (1877)
= Linum oligophyllum var. glandulosum Schiede; Linnaea 1: 68 (1826)
= Linum oligophyllum var. squamifolium Schiede; Linnaea 1: 68 (1826)
species :
Linum brevistylum C.M.Rogers; Nordic J. Bot. 1(6): 720 (1981 publ. 1982)
Distribution: South Africa (W-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
species :
Linum burkartii Mildner; Phytologia 23(5): 439 (1972)
Distribution: Uruguay (Florida); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Entre Rios)
85 ARG URU
species :
Linum caespitosum Sm.; Fl. Graec. Prodr. 1: 216 (1806)
Distribution: Crete (Lefka Ori, etc.)
13 KRI
Remarks: arboreum agg.
species :
Linum campanulatum L.; Sp. Pl.: 280 (1753)
Name: Glocken-Lein
Distribution: NE-Spain; France; NW- & C-Italy
12 FRA SPA 13 ITA
Remarks: flavum agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum glandulosum Moench; Methodus: 287 (1794)
= Linum rochelianum Gand.; Dec. Pl. Nov. 1: 48 (1875)
= Xantholinum campanulatum (L.) Rchb.; Handb. Nat. Pfl.-Syst.: 307 (1837)
species :
Linum capitatum Schult.; Oesterr. Fl. ed. 2, 1: 528 (1814)
subspecies :
subsp. capitatum
Distribution: Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; Greece
13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC KOS MNT NMA SRB
Remarks: flavum agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum capitatum f. minimum Petrova; Izv. Bot. inst. (Sofia) 23: 31 (1973)
= Linum capitatum var. laxiflorum Petrova; Izv. Bot. Inst. (Sofia) 23: 31 (1973)
= Xantholinum capitatum (Kit. ex Schult.) Rchb.; Handb. Nat. Pfl.-Syst.: 307 (1837)
subspecies :
subsp. serrulatum (Bertol.) Hartvig; Strid, Mount. Fl. Greece 1: 556 (1986)
Distribution: Italy; North Macedonia; Albania; Greece
13 ALB GRC ITA NMA
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum serrulatum Bertol.; Giorn. Arcadico Sci. 37: 59 (1828)
species :
Linum cariense Boiss.; Diagn. ser. 1, 5: 86 (1844)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: flavum agg.
species :
Linum carneum A.St.-Hil.; Fl. Bras. Mer. 1: 132 (1832)
Distribution: S-Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul); Uruguay (Colonia, Florida); Argentina (Entre Rios, Formosa)
84 BRA 85 ARG URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Nezera carnea (A.St.-Hil.) Raf.; New Fl. 4: 65 (1838)
= Linum formosum Urb.; Mart., Fl. Bras. 12(2): 460 (1858)
species :
Linum carnosulum Boiss.; Diagn. ser. 1, 8: 104 (1849)
Distribution: Lebanon (C-Lebanon)
34 LEB
Remarks: austriacum agg.
species :
Linum carratracense (Rivas Goday & Rivas Mart.) Mart.Labarga & Muñoz Garm.; Fl. Iber. 9: 257 (2015)
Distribution: S-Spain (Malaga)
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum suffruticosum var. carratracensis (Rivas Goday & Rivas-Martinez) G.López; Mem. Soc. Bot. Geneve 1: 107 (1979)
= Linum suffruticosum subsp. carratracense Rivas Goday & Rivas Mart.; Anales Inst. Bot. Cavanilles 25: 187 (1969)
species :
Linum carteri Small; Bull. N. York Bot. Gard. 3: 424 (1905)
Name: Carter´s flax
Distribution: USA (Florida)
78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum rigidum var. carteri (Small) C.M.Rogers; Brittonia 15: 101 (1963)
= Cathartolinum carteri (Small) Small; N. Am. Fl. 25: 81 (1907)
species :
Linum catharticum L.; Sp. Pl.: 281 (1753)
Name: Purgier-Lein (DE), Fairy Flax (EN)
Distribution: Iceland; Faeroe Isl.; England; Ireland; Denmark; Norway; Sweden; Finland; Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; Andorra; France; Channel Isl.; Corsica; Italy; San Marino; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; N-European Russia; W-European Russia; Ukraine; Crimea; Morocco; Siberia (W-Siberia); Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SE-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Iran (EC-Iran, N-Iran, W-Iran); Australia [I] (Tasmania [I]); New Zealand [I]; Canada [I] (New Brunswick [I], Newfoundland [I], Nova Scotia [I], Ontario [I], Prince Edward Isl. [I], Québec [I]); USA [I] (Massachusetts [I], Maine [I], Michigan [I], New Hampshire [I], New York [I], Pennsylvania [I], Vermont [I]); Argentina [I] (Tierra del Fuego [I]); Chile [I] (Magallanes [I])
10 DEN FIN FOR GRB ICE IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 ADO CIS COR FRA POR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS MNT NMA ROM SLV SMA SRB TUE 14 BLR EST KRY LAT LIT RUS UKR 20 MOR 30 SIB 32 TZK 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN IRQ TUR 50 aus 51 nzl 72 cdn 75 usa 85 arg cle
Synonyms: hidden
= Cathartolinum catharticum (L.) Small; Britton et al., N. Amer. Fl. 25: 74 (1907)
= Cathartolinum pratense Rchb.; Handb. Nat. Pfl.-Syst.: 307 (1837)
= Linum catharticum f. leve (Rohlena) C.W.Christ. & Werner Christ.; J. A. Christ. & al., 138 (1922)
= Linum catharticum f. simplex (Junge) C.W.Christ. & Werner Christ.; J. A. Christ. & al., 138 (1922)
= Linum diversifolium Gilib.; Fl. Lituan. 2: 143 (1782), opus utique oppr.
= Nezera cathartica (L.) Nieuwl.; Am. Midl. Nat. 3: 152 (1913)
variant :
var. subalpinum Hausskn.; Mitt. Thüring. Bot. Ges., n.f. 6: 22 (1894)
Distribution: Slovakia; Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Bulgaria; Greece
11 SLO 13 BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS MNT SLV SRB
Synonyms: hidden
= Cathartolinum catharticum subsp. suecicum (Hayek) Á.Löve; Phytologia 50(3): 172 (1982)
= Cathartolinum catharticum subsp. suecicum (Hayek) Dostál; Folia Mus. Rer. Nat. Bohem. Occid., Bot. 21: 9 (1984), isonym
= Linum catharticum f. densum (Vollm.) Hegi; 7 (1924)
= Linum catharticum subsp. suecicum Hayek ex Hayek; Fl. Steiermark 1: 621 (1909)
= Linum catharticum var. densum Vollm.; 496 (1914)
= Linum suecicum Hayek; 278 (1906), nom. inval.
species :
Linum chaborasicum Mouterde; Nouv. Fl. Lib. & Syr. 2: 453, t. 189, n. 1 (1970)
Distribution: Syria (Jazira)
34 SYR
species :
Linum chamissonis Schiede; Linnaea 1: 69 (1826)
Name: Ñanco, ñancolahuén, retamilla, nanco, nancolahuén [Chile]
Distribution: Ecuador; Galapagos; Peru; Chile (Maule, Ñuble, Biobío, Araucanía)
83 ECU GAL PER 85 CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum aquilinum var. grandiflorum Hook. & Arn.
= Linum bipunctatum Bartl. ex Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 2: 51 (1841)
= Linum macraei Hook.; Bot. Mag. 90: t. 5474 (1864)
= Linum macraei var. cumingii (G.Lodd. ex Drapiez) Urb.; Linnaea 40: 626 (1878)
= Linum macraei var. oligophyllum (Hook. & Arn.) Reiche; Anales Univ. Chile 93: 842 (1896)
= Linum oligophyllum Hook. & Arn.; Bot. Beechey Voy. 11 (1830), nom. illeg.
= Linum oligophyllum Willd. ex Schult.; Roem. & Schult.,Syst. Veg., ed. 15 bis 6: 758 (1820)
= Linum weberbaueri K.Krause; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 40: 277 (1908)
species :
Linum ciliatum Hayek; Ann. Naturf. Mus. Wien 28: 160 (1914)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: flavum agg.
species :
Linum compactum A.Nelson; Bull. Torr. Bot. Club, 241 (1904)
Name: Wyoming flax
Distribution: USA (Colorado, Illinois, Kansas, Missouri, Montana, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Mexico, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Texas, Wyoming)
73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 77 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cathartolinum compactum (A.Nelson) Small; N. Am. Fl. 25: 81 (1907)
= Linum rigidum var. compactum (A.Nelson) C.M.Rogers; Sida 1: 336 (1964)
= Nezera compacta (A.Nelson) Lunell; Am. Midl. Nat. 5: 238 (1918)
species :
Linum comptonii C.M.Rogers; Nordic J. Bot. 1(6): 714 (1981 publ. 1982)
Distribution: South Africa (W-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
species :
Linum corymbiferum Desf.; Fl. Atlant. 1: 279 (1798)
subspecies :
subsp. corymbiferum
Distribution: Algeria; Tunisia
20 ALG TUN
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum corymbiferum f. albiflorum Batt. ex Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 31: 15 (1940)
= Linum corymbiferum f. aureum Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N.31: 15 (1940)
= Linum corymbiferum f. pallidum Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 31: 15 (1940)
= Linum corymbiferum f. velutinum Batt.; Fl. Algérie [Batt. &Trabut] Dicot.: 175 (1888)
subspecies :
subsp. aristidis (Batt.) Batt.; Batt. & Trabut, Fl. Algerie 1: 175 (1888)
Distribution: Algeria; Tunisia
20 ALG TUN
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum aristidis Batt.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 32: 337 (1886)
= Linum corymbiferum var. aristidis (Batt.) C.Martinez; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 48: 558 (1957)
subspecies :
subsp. asperifolium (Boiss. & Reut.) C.Martinez; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 48: 557 (1957)
Distribution: Algeria; Tunisia
20 ALG TUN
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum asperifolium Boiss. & Reut.; Pugill. Pl. Afr. Bor. Hispan.: 25 (1852)
= Linum lambesanum Boiss. & Reut.; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 2, 5: 65 (1856)
= Linum corymbiferum subsp. lambesanum (Boiss. & Reut.) Martinez; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 48: 557 (1957)
species :
Linum corymbulosum Rchb.; Fl. Germ. Excurs.: 834 (1832)
Name: Dichtblütiger Lein (DE); Clustered Flax (EN)
Distribution: Spain; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; ?Malta; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; European Russia; Crimea; Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Iraq (NW-Iraq); Iran (EC-Iran, E-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Badakshan, Kunar / Nuristan, Logar, Nangarhar, Paktia / Khost, Parwan, Takhar); Cyprus (C-Mountains, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (coastal W-Israel, N-Israel); Jordania (W-Jordania); Saudi Arabia (Asir); Oman (Mascat & Oman); China (Xinjiang); Pakistan (Baluchistan, Waziristan, Peshawar, Chitral, Rawalpindi, Drosh, Baltistan, Hunza, Gilgit); NW-India (Jammu & Kashmir)
12 BAL COR FRA SAR SPA 13 BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MNT NMA SIC SLV SRB TUE 14 KRY RUS 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR 35 OMA SAU 36 CHI 40 IND PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Cathartolinum corymbulosum (Rchb.) Rchb.; Handb. 307 (1837)
= Linum abyssinicum Hochst.; Flora 24: I. Intell. 30 (1841)
= Linum liburnicum Scop.; Fl. Carniol., ed. 2, 1: 230 (1771)
= Linum strictum subsp. corymbulosum (Rchb.) Rouy; Fl. France 4: 60 (1897)
= Linum virgatum Salzm. ex Ball; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 16: 379 (1878)
species :
Linum cratericolum Eliasson; Bot. Notiser 121: 634 (1969)
Distribution: Galapagos
83 GAL
species :
Linum cremnophilum I.M.Johnst.; Contr. Gray Herb. 85: 62 (1929)
Distribution: Chile (Antofagasta, Atacama)
85 CLE
species :
Linum cruciatum Planch.; Hook. Lond. J. Bot. 7: 499 (1848)
Distribution: Mexico (Durango, Jalisco, Nayarit, Sonora)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum gracilentum M.E.Jones; Contrib. West. Bot. No. 15, 148 (1929)
= Cathartolinum cruciata (Planch.) Small; N. Am. Fl. 25: 77 (1907)
species :
Linum cubense J.Bisse; Rev. Jard. Bot. Nacion. Univ. Habana 5(2): 148 (1984)
Distribution: Cuba
81 CUB
species :
Linum decumbens Desf.; Fl. Atlant. 1: 278 (1798)
Name: Aufrechter Lein (DE); Ascending Flax (EN)
Distribution: Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Malta; Greece (Kiklades); Crete; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt (NW-coastal Egypt); Canary Isl. (Tenerife, La Palma Isl.); East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos)
12 SAR 13 GRC ITA KRI MLT SIC 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 21 CNY 34 EAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum cribrosum var. gomezii Sennen & Mauricio ex Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 27: 216 (1936)
= Linum cribrosum var. parviflorum Pamp.; Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital., n. ser. 31: 221 (1924)
= Linum gomezii (Sennen & Mauricio ex Maire) Sennen & Mauricio; É. M. G. Sennen, Diagn. Nouv.: 228 (1936)
species :
Linum densiflorum Davis; Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 22: 146, t. 6B (1957)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia); Iran (Iranian Aserbaijan)
34 IRN TUR
Remarks: hirsutum agg.
species :
Linum doerfleri Rech.f.; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 84: 147 (1935)
Distribution: Crete
13 KRI
Remarks: arboreum agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum arboreum var. doerfleri (Rech.) Critop.; Jordanov et al. Problems Balkan Fl. & Veg.: 172 (1975), without basionym ref.
species :
Linum dolomiticum Borbás; Term. Kozl., 208, Sched. Fl. Hung. Exsicc. 1: 24 (1897)
Distribution: Hungary
11 HUN
Remarks: flavum agg., possibly to Linum elegans
species :
Linum elegans Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 2, 1: 99 (1854)
Distribution: Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; Greece
13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC KOS MNT NMA SRB
Remarks: flavum agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum iberidifolium Aucher ex Planch.; Hook. Lond. J. Bot. 7: 515 (1848)
= Linum elegans var. iberidifolium (Aucher) Hayek; Prodr. Fl. Penins. Balc. 1: 562 (1925)
species :
Linum elongatum (Small) Winkl.; Nat. Pflanzenfam., ed. 2 [Engl. & Prantl] 19a: 116 (1931)
Name: Laredo flax
Distribution: USA (Texas)
77 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cathartolinum elongatum Small; N. Am. Fl. 25: 82 (1907)
species :
Linum emirnense Bojer; Bouton, 12me Rapp. Ann. Maur. 16 (1843)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum emirnense Hilsenb. & Bojer ex Baill.; Bull. Soc. Linn. Paris 1: 598 (1886)
species :
Linum empetrifolium (Schott & Kotschy ex Boiss.) Davis; Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 28: 38 (1967)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: austriacum agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum carnosulum var. empetrifolium Schott & Kotschy ex Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 1: 864 (1867)
species :
Linum erigeroides A.St.-Hil.; Fl. Bras. Mer. 1: 132 (1832)
Distribution: SE-Brazil (São Paulo); S-Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul); Uruguay; Argentina (Entre Rios)
84 BRA 85 ARG URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum littorale f. corymbosum Urb.; Mart., Fl. Bras. 12, pt. 2: 464, tab. 99 fig. 2 (1877)
species :
Linum ertugrulii Tugay, Bagci & Uysal; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 47(2): 135 (2010)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Linum esterhuyseniae C.M.Rogers; Nordic J. Bot. 1(6): 714 (1981 publ. 1982)
Distribution: South Africa (W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
species :
Linum euboeum Bornm.; Bot. Jahrh. Syst. 59: 443 (1925)
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
species :
Linum filiforme Urb.; Linnaea 41: 643 (1877)
Distribution: Ecuador; Peru; Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Tarija)
83 BOL ECU PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum oligophyllum Planch.; Hook. Lond. J. Bot. 7: 486 (1848)
species :
Linum flagellare (Small) H.J.P.Winkl.; Engl. & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. ed. 2, 19a: 116 (1931)
Distribution: Mexico (Coahuila, Durango, San Luis Potosi, Zacatecas)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Cathartolinum flagellare Small; N. Am. Fl. 25: 78 (1907)
= Linum coahuilense C.M.Rogers; Rhodora 66: 279 (1964)
species :
Linum flavum L.; Sp. Pl.: 279 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. flavum
Name: Gelber Lein
Distribution: Germany (Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Rheinland-Pfalz [I]); Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Romania; Bulgaria; Belarus; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; Ukraine; Crimea; Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus; Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia); Australia [I] (Western Australia [I])
11 AUT CZE GER HUN POL SLO 13 BIH BUL CRO ITA KOS MNT NMA ROM SLV SRB 14 BLR KRY RUS UKR 33 NCS 34 TUR 50 aus
Remarks: flavum agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum arboreum Pall. ex M.Bieb.; Fl. Taur. Caucasus 1: 255 (1808)
= Linum capitatum Griseb. ex Planch.; Hook. Lond. J. Bot. 7: 510 (1848)
= Xantholinum flavum (L.) Rchb.; Handb. Nat. Pfl.-Syst.: 307 (1837)
subspecies :
subsp. albanicum (Janch.) Hartvig; Strid, Mount. Fl. Greece 1. 556 (1986)
Distribution: ?North Macedonia; Albania; Greece
13 ALB GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum albanicum Janch.; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 69: 169 (1920)
= Linum tauricum subsp. albanicum (Janch.) Greuter & Burdet; Willdenowia 12: 46 (1982)
subspecies :
subsp. scabrinerve (P.H.Davis) P.H.Davis; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 28: 38 (1967)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum scabrinerve P.H.Davis; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 22: 158 (1957)
subspecies :
subsp. sparsiflorum (Stoj.) Petrova; Izv. Bot. Inst. (Sofija) 23: 37 (1973)
Distribution: Bulgaria
13 BUL
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum flavum var. sparsiflorum Stoj.; God. Sofijsk. Univ., Agron. Fak. 2: 137 (1924)
species :
Linum floridanum (Planch.) Trel.; Trans. St. Louis Acad. 5: 13 (1886)
Name: Florida yellow flax
Distribution: USA (Alabama, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, New Jersey, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia); Jamaica
74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA 81 JAM
Synonyms: hidden
= Cathartolinum floridanum (Planch.) Small; N. Am. Fl. 25: 72 (1907)
= Cathartolinum jamaicense Small; Torreya 13: 63 (1913)
= Cathartolinum macrosepalum Small; N. Am. Fl. 25: 73 (1907)
= Linum jamaicense (Small) Fawc. & Rendle; Fl. Jamaica 4: 159 (1920)
= Linum macrosepalum (Small) H.J.P.Winkl.; Engl. & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. ed. 2, 19a: 116 (1931)
= Linum macrosepalum Stapf; Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Wien. Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 51: 42 (1886)
= Linum virginianum var. floridanum Planch.; London J. Bot. 7: 480 (1848)
variant :
var. chrysocarpum C.M.Rogers; Brittonia 15: 114 (1963)
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina)
78 USA
species :
Linum flos-carmini Ruiz-Martin, Mart.Labarga, Jim.Mejías & Pérez-Barr.; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 52(5-6): 391 (2015)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
species :
Linum gaditanum Mart.Labarga & Muñoz Garm.; Fl. Iber. 9: 508 (2015)
Distribution: S-Spain (Cadiz)
12 SPA
species :
Linum glaucum Boiss. & Noë; Boiss., Diagn. ser. 2, 5: 66 (1856)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia); Iran (Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran)
34 IRN TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum alpinum var. glaucescens Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 1: 865 (1867)
= Linum austriacum subsp. glaucescens (Boiss.) P.H.Davis; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 28: 38 (1967)
= Linum sterile Stapf; Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Wien. Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 51: 42 (1886)
species :
Linum goulimyi Rech.f.; Oesterr. Akad. Wiss., Math.-Naturwiss. Kl., Anz. 93: 96 (1956)
Distribution: Greece (Evvoia)
13 GRC
Remarks: Status uncertain, flavum agg., probably to Linum elegans
species :
Linum gracile Sm. ex Planch.; Hook. Lond. J. Bot. 7: 169 (1848)
Distribution: South Africa (W-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
species :
Linum grandiflorum Desf.; Fl. Atlant. 1: 277 (1798)
Name: Flowering flax (EN), Großblütiger Lein (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Spain [I]; France [I]; Greece [I]; ?Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Russian Far East [I] (Primorye [I]); Pakistan [I]; India [c]; Bangladesh [I]; USA [I] (California [I], Colorado [I], Florida [I], Kentucky [I], Nebraska [I], New York [I], Ohio [I], Texas [I], Utah [I])
11 ger 12 fra spa 13 grc 20 ALG TUN 31 rfe 40 ban ind pak 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Adenolinum grandiflorum (Desf.) W.A.Weber; Phytologia 55(1): 2 (1984)
species :
Linum guatemalense Benth.; Bot. Voy. Sulph. 67 (1844)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Chihuahua); Guatemala; El Salvador; Honduras; Costa Rica
79 MEX 80 COS ELS GUA HON
Synonyms: hidden
= Cathartolinum guatemalense (Benth.) Small; N. Am. Fl. 25: 79 (1907)
species :
Linum gyaricum Vierh.; Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 69: 103 (1919)
subspecies :
subsp. gyaricum
Distribution: Greece; East Aegaean Isl.
13 GRC 34 EAI
subspecies :
subsp. icaricum Christod.; Nordic J. Bot. 15(2): 145 (1995)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl.
34 EAI
species :
Linum gypsogenium G.L.Nesom; Madroño 30(4): 252 (1983)
Distribution: Mexico (Nuevo Leon, Tamaulipas)
79 MEX
species :
Linum harlingii Eliasson; Bot. Notiser, cxx1. 636 (1969)
Distribution: Galapagos
83 GAL
species :
Linum hellenicum Iatrou; Willdenowia 19: 69 (1989)
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
species :
Linum heterosepalum Regel; Act. Hort. Petrop. 2: 433 (1873)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; China (Xinjiang)
32 KAZ KGZ 36 CHI
species :
Linum heterostylum C.M.Rogers; Nordic J. Bot. 1(6): 713 (1981 publ. 1982)
Distribution: South Africa (W-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
species :
Linum hirsutum L.; Sp. Pl. 277 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. hirsutum
Name: Behaarter Lein
Distribution: Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece; C-European Russia; Ukraine; Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia)
11 AUT CZE HUN POL SLO 13 ALB BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS NMA ROM SLV SRB TUE 14 RUS UKR 34 TUR
Remarks: hirsutum agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum ascyrifolium Sims; Bot. Mag, t. 1087 (1808)
= Linum hirsutum subsp. lanuginosum (Juz.) T.V.Egorova; Fl. Vostochnoi Evropy 9: 358 (1996)
= Linum hirsutum var. longipedunculatum Petrova; Izv. Bot. Inst. (Sofia) 23: 44 (1973)
= Linum hirsutum var. montanum Petrova; Izv. Bot. Inst. (Sofia) 23: 43 (1973)
= Linum hirsutum var. racemosa Petrova; Izv. Bot. Inst. (Sofia) 23: 43 (1973)
= Linum hirsutum var. nudifolium Wierzb.; Flora 23(1): 368 (1840)
= Linum hirsutum var. slavjankae Petrova; Izv. Bot. Inst. (Sofia) 23: 43 (1973)
= Linum kotschyanum Hayek; Ann. Nat. Hofmus. Wien 28: 160 (1914)
= Linum lanuginosum Juz.; Komarov, Fl. URSS 14: 723 (1949)
= Linum viscosum Hablitz ex M.Bieb.; Fl. Taur. Caucasus 1: 253 (1808)
subspecies :
subsp. anatolicum (Boiss.) Hayek; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 30(1): 564 (1925)
Distribution: Armenia; Turkey
33 ARM 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum anatolicum Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. 1: 56 (1843)
subspecies :
subsp. bozdaghense Yilmaz & Kaynak; Novon 20(4): 507 (2010)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
subspecies :
subsp. byzantinum Azn.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 46: 140 (1899)
Distribution: European Turkey
13 TUE
subspecies :
subsp. glabrescens Soó; Magyar Növen. Közik.: 457 (1951)
Distribution: Slovakia; Hungary; Serbia; Kosovo; Bulgaria
11 HUN SLO 13 BUL KOS SRB
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum hirsutum var. glabrescens Rochel; Bot. Reise Banat 62 (1838)
= Linum pannonicum A.Kern.; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 18: 228 (1868)
subspecies :
subsp. oreocaricum P.H.Davis; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 22: 143 (1957)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
subspecies :
subsp. pseudoanatolicum P.H.Davis; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 28: 38 (1967)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
subspecies :
subsp. spathulatum (Halácsy & Bald.) Hayek; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 30(1): 564 (1925)
Distribution: ?Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; Greece
13 ALB BUL GRC KOS NMA
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum hirsutum var. spathulatum Halácsy & Bald.; Verh. K. K. Zoot.-Bot. Ges. Wien 42: 576 (1892)
= Linum spathulatum (Halácsy & Bald.) Halácsy; Consp. Fl. Graec. 1: 258 (1900)
species :
Linum hologynum Rchb.; Fl. Germ. Excurs.: 833 (1832)
Distribution: Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; Greece
13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC KOS MNT NMA ROM SRB
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum monogynum Rchb.; Fl. Germ. Excurs. 833 (1832)
species :
Linum hudsonioides Planch.; Hook. Lond. J. Bot. 7: 186 (1848)
Name: Texas flax
Distribution: USA (Kansas, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Texas)
74 USA 77 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cerastium clawsonii Correll; Wrightia 4: 25 (1968)
= Linum selaginoides Torr. & A.Gray; Fl. N. Am. 1: 205 (1838)
= Mesynium hudsonioides (Planch.) W.A.Weber; Phytologia 55(1): 3 (1984)
species :
Linum hypericifolium Salisb.; Parad, t. 79 (1806)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; NE-Turkey
33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 TUR
Remarks: hirsutum agg.
species :
Linum imbricatum (Raf.) Shinners; Field & Lab. 25: 32 (1957)
Name: Tufted flax
Distribution: USA (Louisiana, Oklahoma, Texas)
74 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cathartolinum multicaule (Hook.) Small; N. Am. Fl. 25: 84 (1907)
= Linum multicaule Hook. ex Torr. & A.Gray; Fl. N. Am. 1: 678 (1838)
= Mesynium imbricatum (Raf.) W.A.Weber; Phytologia 55(1): 3 (1984)
= Nezera imbricata Raf.; New Fl. Am. 4: 66 (1836)
species :
Linum intercursum E.P.Bicknell; Bull Torr. Bot. Club 39: 418 (1912)
Name: Sandplain flax
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Georgia, Indiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, North Carolina, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia)
75 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cathartolinum intercursum (E.P.Bicknell) Small; N. Am. Fl. 25: 84 (1907)
= Linum floridanum var. intercursum Weath.; Rhodora 18: 224 (1916)
species :
Linum iranicum Hausskn. ex Bornm.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 19: 222 (1906)
Distribution: Iran (SW-Iran)
34 IRN
species :
Linum jimenezii Pau; Bol. Soc. Arag. 2: 70 (1903), et ex Munuera, in Mem. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 2: 80
subspecies :
subsp. jimenezii
Distribution: S-Spain
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum suffruticosum subsp. jimenezii (Pau) Rivas Goday & Rivas Mart.; Anales Inst. Bot. Cavanilles 25: 185 (1969)
= Linum tenuifolium var. jimenezii (Pau) O.Bolòs & Vigo; But. Inst. Catalana Hist. Nat., 38 Bot. 1: 82 (1974)
subspecies :
subsp. willkommii Mart.Labarga & Muñoz Garm.; Fl. Iber. 9: 508 (2015), nom. nov.
Distribution: S-Spain
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum suffruticosum var. angustifolium Lange; Pugill. Pl. Impr. Hispan. 4: 135 (1866)
species :
Linum junceum A.St.-Hil.; Fl. Bras. Mer. 1: 134, t. 24 (1832)
Distribution: Bolivia (Cochabamba, Tarija); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Corrientes)
83 BOL 85 ARG
species :
Linum katiae Peruzzi; Pl. Biosystems 145(4): 939 (2011)
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
species :
Linum kaynakiae Yilmaz; Nordic J. Bot. 28(5): 606 (2010)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Linum keniense T.C.E.Fr.; Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 8: 555 (1923)
Distribution: ?Rwanda; S-Ethiopia; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania
24 ETH 25 KEN TAN UGA
species :
Linum khorassanicum Joharchi & Behrooz.; Phytotaxa 299(2): 161 (2017)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Linum kingii S.Watson; Bot. King´s Exped. 49 (1871)
Name: King´s flax
Distribution: USA (Colorado, Idaho, Nevada, Utah, Wyoming)
73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cathartolinum kingii (S.Watson) Small; N. Am. Fl. 25: 73 (1907)
= Cathartolinum sedoides (Porter) Small; N. Am. Fl. 25: 76 (1907)
= Linum kingii var. pinetorum M.E.Jones; Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. ser. 2, 5: 628 (1895)
= Linum kingii var. sedoides Porter; Prelim. Rep. U. S. Geol. Surv. Montana (Hayden) 474 (1872)
= Linum sedoides (Porter) H.J.P.Winkl.; Engl. & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. ed. 2, 19a: 116 (1931)
= Mesyniopsis kingii (S.Watson) W.A.Weber; Phytologia 70(4): 233 (1991)
species :
Linum komarovii Juz.; Komarov, Fl. USSR 14: 719 (1949)
subspecies :
subsp. komarovii
Distribution: Siberia (Buryatia, Irkutsk, Yakutia); Russian Far East (Khabarovsk, Magadan)
30 SIB 31 RFE
subspecies :
subsp. boreale (Juz.) T.V.Egorova; Fl. Vostochnoi Evropy 9: 354 (1996)
Distribution: E-European Russia; Siberia (Krasnoyarsk, W-Siberia, Yakutia)
14 RUS 30 SIB
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum perenne var. boreale (Juz.) Serg.
= Linum boreale Juz.; Komarov, Fl. USSR 14: 718 (1949)
= Linum taymirense Peschkova; Fl. Sibir. (Geraniac.-Cornac.) 10: 28 (1996)
species :
Linum kurdicum (P.H.Davis) Naum.-Svetl.; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 47: 56 (2016)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum punctatum subsp. kurdicum (P.H.Davis) Greuter & Burdet; Willdenowia 12: 45 (1982)
= Linum pycnophyllum subsp. kurdicum Davis; Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 22: 138 (1957)
species :
Linum lasiocarpum Rose; Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 12: 274 (1909). 12: 274 (1909)
Distribution: Mexico (Coahuila, Hidalgo, Nuevo Leon, San Luis Potosi, Veracruz)
79 MEX
species :
Linum leonii F.W.Schultz; Flora (Regensburg) 21: 644 (1838)
Name: Lothringer Lein (DE)
Distribution: Germany (Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, +Saarland, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); France
11 GER 12 FRA
Remarks: austriacum agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Adenolinum leonii (F.W.Schultz) Rchb.; Ic. Fl. Germ. 16: 65 (1838)
= Linum alpinum subsp. leonii (F.W.Schultz) Bonnier & Layens; 54 (1894)
= Linum alpinum var. collinum Gren.; 284 (1847)
= Linum loreyi Jord.; Cat. Jard. Dijon: 27 (1848)
= Linum perenne subsp. petryi (Beyer) Graebn.; 205 (1914)
= Linum petryi Beyer; Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 40: 91 (1899)
species :
Linum leucanthum Boiss. & Spruner; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. 1: 55 (1843)
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
species :
Linum lewisii Pursh; Fl. Am. Sept. 1: 210 (1813)
Name: Prairie flax
Distribution: Alaska; Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Northern Territories, Nunavut, Saskatchewan, Yukon); USA (Arkansas, Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Kansas, Louisiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Mexico, Nevada, Oklahoma, Oregon, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Washington State, West Virginia, Wyoming); Mexico (Baja California Norte, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Nuevo Leon, San Luis Potosi, Sonora, Zacatecas)
70 ASK CDN 71 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Adenolinum lewisii (Pursh) Á.Löve & D.Löve; Taxon 31(2): 348 (1982)
= Linum lewisii f. albiflorum (Cockerell) H.St.John; Fl. S.-E. Washington: 244 (1937)
= Linum lyallanum Alef.; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 25: 251 (1867)
= Linum perenne subsp. lewisii (Pursh) Hultén; Acta Univ. Lund. 2, 43, no. 1: 1122 (1947)
= Linum perenne var. lewisii (Pursh) Eaton & C.Wright; N. Amer. Bot., ed. 8. 302 (1840)
= Linum sibiricum var. lewisii (Pursh) Lindl.; Bot. Reg. 14: t. 1163 (1828)
variant :
var. alpicola Jeps.; Fl. Calif. [Jeps.] 2: 398 (1936)
Distribution: USA (California, Idaho, Nevada, Utah)
73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum lewisii var. saxosum Maguire & A.H.Holmgren; Leafl. W. Bot. 4: 265 (1946)
= Linum perenne var. saxosum (Maguire & A.H.Holmgren) Reveal; Rhodora 70: 39 (1968)
variant :
var. lepagei (B.Boivin) C.M.Rogers; Phytologia 41(7): 448 (1979)
Distribution: Canada (Manitoba, Nunavut, Ontario, Québec)
70 CDN 71 CDN 72 CDN
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum lepagei B.Boivin; Naturaliste Canad. 75: 219 (1948)
= Linum lewisii f. lepagei (B.Boivin) Lepage; Naturaliste Canad. 84: 64 (1957)
= Linum lewisii subsp. lepagei (B.Boivin) Mosquin; Canad. J. Bot. 49(8): 1379 (1971)
= Linum perenne f. baldwinii B.Boivin; Phytologia 22: 351 (1972)
= Linum perenne var. lepagei (B.Boivin) B.Boivin; Naturaliste Canad. 93: 643 (1966)
species :
Linum littorale A.St.-Hil.; Fl. Bras. Mer. 1: 133 (1832)
Distribution: NE-Brazil (Bahia); WC-Brazil (Goiás); S-Brazil (Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina); Uruguay (Florida, Rivera); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Corrientes, Entre Rios, Santa Fe)
84 BRA 85 ARG URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum littorale f. bahiense Urb.; Mart., Fl. Bras. 12(2): 464 (1877)
= Linum littorale f. cuspidatum Urb.; Mart., Fl. Bras. 12(2): 464 (1877)
= Linum littorale f. glomeratum Urb.; Mart., Fl. Bras. 12(2): 463 (1877)
= Linum littorale f. panniculatum Urb.; Mart., Fl. Bras. 12(2): 464 (1877)
= Linum littorale var. glandulosum A.St.-Hil.; Fl. Bras. Merid. 1: 134 (1825)
= Linum littorale var. glomeratum Urb.
= Linum littorale var. paniculatum Urb.
= Linum oligophyllum var. eglandulosum Schiede; Linnaea 1: 68 (1826)
= Linum palustre Gardner; Hook. Lond. J. Bot. 4: 99 (1845)
variant :
var. oblongifolium (Urb.) C.M.Rogers; Phytologia 27(6): 440 (1974), without basionym ref., et Fl. Ilustr. Catar., 1(Linac.): 22 (1975)
Distribution: S-Brazil (Santa Catarina)
84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum junceum f. oblongifolium Urb.; Mart., Fl. Bras. 12(2): 467, t. 100, f. 2 (1877)
species :
Linum longipes Rose; Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 10: 117 (1966)
Distribution: Mexico (Guerrero, Puebla)
79 MEX
species :
Linum lundellii C.M.Rogers; Sida 8(2): 184 (1979)
Name: Sullivan City flax
Distribution: USA (Texas); Mexico (Nuevo Leon, Tamaulipas)
77 USA 79 MEX
species :
Linum macraei Benth.; Edwards´s Bot. Reg. 16: sub t. 1326 (1830)
Name: Ñancolahuén [Chile]
Distribution: Chile (Coquimbo, Valparaíso, Metropolitana de Santiago, O´Higgins, Maule, Ñuble, Biobío, Araucanía)
85 CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum aquilinum Molina; Sag. Stor. Nat. Chili: 150 (1782)
= Linum chilense Kostel.; Allg. Med.-Pharm. Fl. 5: 1912 (1836)
= Linum chironioides Griseb.; Abh. Königl. Ges. Wiss. Göttingen 6: 118 (1854)
= Linum cumingii Lodd.; Bot. Cab, t. 1996 (1818)
= Linum macraei var. cumingii (Lodd.) Urb.; Linnaea 41: 626 (1877)
= Linum macraei var. olygophyllum (Hook. & Arn.) Reiche
= Mesynium chilense Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 3: 33 (1837)
variant :
var. marticorenae Mildner; Phytologia 23(5): 439 (1972)
Distribution: Chile (Valparaíso, O´Higgins, Maule, Ñuble, Biobío)
85 CLE
species :
Linum macrocarpum C.M.Rogers; Brittonia 15: 109 (1963)
Name: Spring Hill flax
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Florida, Louisiana, Mississippi)
78 USA
species :
Linum macrorhizum Juz.; Komarov, Fl. USSR 14: 714 (1949)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Afghanistan (Bamyan, Ghazni, Herat, Orozgan / Daykundi)
32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 34 AFG
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum karataviense Pavlov; Sovetsk. Bot. 1934(1): 25 (1934)
= Linum mesostylum Juz.; Komarov, Fl. USSR 14: 714 (1949) ex Nevski, Acta Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS, Ser. I. Fasc. 4, 302 (1937), nomen
species :
Linum marginale A.Cunn.; Field´s Geogr. Mem. N. S. W. etc.: 357 (1825)
Distribution: Australia (Western Australia, South Australia, Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania); Norfolk Isl. [I]
50 AUS nfk
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum albidum Ewart & Jean White; Proc. Roy. Soc. Victoria, n. s. 23: 294 (1911)
= Linum angustifolium DC.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 1: 426 (1824)
= Linum marginale A.Cunn. ex Planch.; Hook. Lond. J. Bot. 7: 169 (1848)
= Linum marginale var. australe Wawra; Itin. Princ. S. Coburgi 1: 40 (1883)
species :
Linum marianorum (Rivas Goday & Bellot) Mart.Labarga & Muñoz Garm.; Fl. Iber. 9: 242 (2015)
subspecies :
subsp. marianorum
Distribution: C-Spain
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum tenuifolium subsp. marianorum Bellot & Rivas Goday; Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 6(2): 142 (1946)
= Linum suffruticosum subsp. marianorum (Bellot & Rivas Goday) Rivas Goday & Rivas Mart.; Anales Inst Bot. Cavanilles 25: 186 (1969)
subspecies :
subsp. arundanum Mart.Labarga & Muñoz Garm.; Fl. Iber. 9: 508 (2015)
Distribution: S-Spain (Sa. de Ronda, Sevilla, Grazalema)
12 SPA
species :
Linum maritimum L.; Sp. Pl.: 280 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. maritimum
Name: Strand-Lein (DE)
Distribution: E-Austria; Germany [I]; Portugal; Spain; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Slovenia; Croatia; Greece; Morocco; Algeria; East Aegaean Isl.; Cyprus (S-Cyprus); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Negev Desert)
11 AUT ger 12 BAL COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 CRO GRC ITA SIC SLV 20 ALG MOR 34 CYP EAI ISR
Synonyms: hidden
= Alsolinum maritimum (L.) Fourr.; Ann. Soc. L. Lyon, N. S. 16: 349 (1868)
= Cathartolinum sardoum Rchb.; Handb. Nat. Pfl.-Syst.: 307 (1837)
= Linopsis maritima (L.) Rchb.; Handb. 307 (1837)
= Linum heterophyllum Moench; Meth. Suppl. 99 (1802)
= Linum marinum Suffren; Pl. Frivul.: 132 (1802)
= Linum muelleri Moris; Mem. Reale Accad. Sci. Torino, reimpr.: 1 (1839)
subspecies :
subsp. ligusticum (Rouy) P.Fourn.; Quatre Fl. France: 615 (1937)
Distribution: France; Italy
12 FRA 13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum ligusticum Rouy; Fl. France 4: 57 (1897)
species :
Linum marojejyense (Humbert) C.M.Rogers; Pl. Syst. Evol., 139(1-2): 156 (1981)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum emirnense subsp. marojejyense Humbert; (1952)
species :
Linum mcvaughii C.M.Rogers; Contrib. Univ. Mich. Herb. 15: 205 (1982)
Distribution: Mexico (Jalisco)
79 MEX
species :
Linum medium (Planch.) Britton ex Britton & A.Brown; Fl. N. U. S. 2: 849 (1897)
subspecies :
subsp. medium
Name: Stiff yellow flax
Distribution: Canada (Ontario); USA (New York, Pennsylvania)
72 CDN 75 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cathartolinum medium (Planch.) Small; N. Am. Fl. 25: 72 (1907)
= Linum striatum var. medium (Planch.) B.Boivin; Naturaliste Canad. 93: 1061 (1967)
= Linum virginianum var. medium Planch.; London J. Bot. 7: 480 (1848)
subspecies :
subsp. texanum (Planch.) A.Haines; Stantec Bot. Notes 13(add.): 1 (2010)
Distribution: Canada (Ontario); USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, Vermont, Wisconsin, West Virginia); Bahamas
72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA 81 BAH
Synonyms: hidden
= Cathartolinum curtissii (Small) Small; Britton et al., N. Amer. Fl. 25: 72 (1907)
= Cathartolinum medium var. texanum (Planch.) Moldenke; Boissiera 7: 2 (1943)
= Linum curtissii Small; Bull. N. York Bot. Gard. 3: 424 (1905)
= Linum striatum var. texanum (Planch.) B.Boivin; Naturaliste Canad. 93: 1061 (1967)
= Linum virginianum var. angustifolium Engelm.; Smithsonian Contr. Knowl. 3(5): 26 (1852)
= Linum virginianum var. texanum Planch.; London J. Bot. 7: 480 (1848)
species :
Linum meletonis Hand.-Mazz.; Ann. Naturh. Mus. Wien 27: 62, t. 2, f. 2 (1913)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq)
34 IRQ TUR
Remarks: austriacum agg.
species :
Linum mexicanum Kunth; Nov. Gen. et Sp. 6: 39 (1823)
Distribution: Mexico (Aguascalientes, Chiapas, Ciudad de Mexico, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Zacatecas)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Cathartolinum mexicanum (Kunth) Small; N. Am. Fl. 25: 79 (1907)
= Mesynium mexicanum (Kunth) Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 3: 33 (1836)
species :
Linum milletii Sennen & Gonzalo; Sennen, Pl. Espagne: n 5458 (1925)
Distribution: NE-Spain; Andorra; SW-France (Pyrenees)
12 ADO FRA SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum suffruticosum subsp. milletii (Sennen & Gonzalo) Romo; Pl. Vasc. Abella de la Conca: 28 (1989)
= Linum suffruticosum var. milletii (Sennen & Gonzalo) G.López; Mém. Soc. Bot. Genève 1: 106 (1979)
= Linum tenuifolium subsp. milletii (Sennen & Barrau) O.Bolòs, Vigo, Masalles & Ninot; Fl. Man. Paísos Catalans: 1214 (1990)
species :
Linum modestum C.M.Rogers; Rhodora 66: 406 (1964)
Distribution: Mexico (Coahuila, Nuevo Leon, San Luis Potosi, Tamaulipas)
79 MEX
species :
Linum monogynum G.Forst.; Fl. Ins. Austr.: 23 (1786)
Distribution: New Zealand (widespread)
51 NZL
variant :
var. chathamicum Cockayne
Distribution: Chatham Isl.
51 CTM
species :
Linum mucronatum Bertol.; Misc. Bot. 1: 18 (1842)
subspecies :
subsp. mucronatum
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia, SW-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq); Iran (N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, S-Iran, W-Iran); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, Jazira, NW-Syria, Jbel Druze, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (coastal W-Israel, N-Israel, N-Negev Desert, Judean Desert); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania)
34 IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR
Remarks: flavum agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum bursa-pastoris Gomb.; Notul. Syst. (Paris) 14: 111 (1951)
= Linum rigidissimum Post; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 24: 424 (1888)
= Linum sulphureum Boiss. & Hausskn.; Boiss., Fl. Orient. 1: 857 (1867)
subspecies :
subsp. armenum (Bordz.) P.H.Davis; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 28: 37 (1967)
Distribution: Armenia; Turkey; Iran; Lebanon; Syria
33 ARM 34 IRN LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum alexeenkoanum E.Wulff; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou, Biol., n. s. 48: Livr. 2-3, 15, 17 (1939 publ. 1940)
= Linum armenum (Bordz.) Galushko; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 13: 254 (1976)
= Linum balansae Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 1: 855 (1867)
= Linum orientale subsp. armenum Bordz.; Trudy Bot. Sada Imp. Jur´evsk Univ. 13: 20 (1912)
subspecies :
subsp. assyriacum P.H.Davis; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 22: 155 (1957)
Distribution: Iraq; Jordania
34 IRQ JOR
subspecies :
subsp. gypsicola P.H.Davis; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 22: 156 (1957)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
subspecies :
subsp. orientale (Boiss. & Heldr.) P.H.Davis; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 22: 153 (1957)
Distribution: Georgia [Caucasus]; Turkey; Iran; Lebanon; Syria; Israel
33 GEO 34 IRN ISR LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum flavum var. orientale Boiss. & Heldr.; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 2, 1: 99 (1854)
= Linum orientale (Boiss. & Heldr.) Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 1: 855 (1867), nom. illeg.
subspecies :
subsp. pubifolium (P.H.Davis) P.H.Davis; Fl. Turkey 2: 432 (1967)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
subspecies :
subsp. syriacum (Boiss. & Gaill.) P.H.Davis; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 28: 37 (1967)
Distribution: Lebanon; Israel
34 ISR LEB
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum syriacum Boiss. & Gaill.; Boiss., Fl. Orient. 1: 856 (1867)
species :
Linum mysorense B.Heyne ex Benth..; Bot. Reg. 16: sub t. 1326 (1830)
Distribution: India (Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh); Sri Lanka
40 IND SRL
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum humile B.Heyne ex Wall.; Wall., Numer. List no. 1507 (1829)
= Linum trinervium Hohen. ex Hook.f.; Fl. Brit. India 1: 411 (1874)
species :
Linum narbonense L.; Sp. Pl.: 278 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. narbonense
Name: Narbonner Lein (DE)
Distribution: Switzerland [I]; Portugal; Spain; Baleares; France; Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Montenegro; Morocco; Algeria
11 swi 12 BAL FRA POR SPA 13 CRO ITA MNT SLV 20 ALG MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum laeve Rchb.; Fl. Germ. Excurs. 833 (1832)
= Linum narbonense var. afrum Pau & Font Quer; Font Quer, Iter Marocc. 1928 no. 245, in sched. (1929)
= Linum paniculatum Moench; Meth. Suppl. 98 (1802), nom. illeg.
= Linum reflexum Aiton; Hort. Kew. 1- 387 (1789)
subspecies :
subsp. barrasii (Pau) Mart.Labarga & Muñoz Garm.; Fl. Iber. 9: 191 (2015)
Distribution: Portugal; N- & C-Spain
12 POR SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum barrasii Pau; Anales Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 28(2): 208 (1899)
species :
Linum nelsonii Rose; Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 10: 117 (1966), nom. nov.
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Coahuila, Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Nayarit, Nuevo Leon, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Tamaulipas, Veracruz); Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua
79 MEX 80 GUA HON NIC
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum muelleri (Small) H.J.P.Winkl.; Engl. & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. ed. 2, 19a: 116 (1931) non Moris
= Cathartolinum muelleri Small; N. Am. Fl. 25: 77 (1907)
species :
Linum neomexicanum Greene; Coult. Bot. Gaz. 6: 183 (1881)
Name: New Mexico yellow flax
Distribution: USA (Arizona, New Mexico); Mexico (Chihuahua, Sonora)
76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Cathartolinum neomexicanum (Greene) Small; N. Am. Fl. 25: 73 (1907)
species :
Linum nervosum Waldst. & Kit.; Descr. lcon. Pl. Hung.: 109 (1805)
subspecies :
subsp. nervosum
Distribution: Bosnia & Hercegovina; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; C-European Russia; Ukraine; Crimea; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (E-Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Iran (N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, S-Iran)
13 ALB BIH BUL KOS NMA ROM SRB 14 KRY RUS UKR 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN IRQ TUR
Remarks: nervosum agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Adenolinum nervosum (Waldst. & Kit.) Rchb.; Handb. 307 (1837)
= Linum aucheri Planch.; London J. Bot. 7: 173 (1848) (Rs etc.)
= Linum narbonense Pall. ex M.Bieb.; Fl. Taur.-Caucas. 1: 254 (1808)
= Linum nervosum subsp. glabratum (DC.) P.H.Davis
variant :
var. bungei (Boiss.) Sharifnia; Fl. Iran [Assadi] 34: 29 (2001)
Distribution: Iran (N-Iran)
34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum bungei Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 1: 861 (1867)
subspecies :
subsp. jailicola (Juz.) T.V.Egorova; Bot. Zhurn. 85(7): 170 (2000)
Distribution: European Russia; Crimea; Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus
14 KRY RUS 33 NCS
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum jailicola Juz.; Komarov, Fl. URSS 14: 713 (1949)
species :
Linum nodiflorum L.; Sp. Pl.: 280 (1753)
Name: Nickender Lein (DE); Nodding Flax (EN)
Distribution: France; Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece; European Russia; Crimea; Libya; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Iran (EC-Iran, N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel); Jordania (W-Jordania)
12 FRA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS MNT NMA SLV SRB TUE 14 KRY RUS 20 LBY 33 ARM GEO 34 CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum aureum DC.; Prod. 1: 432 (1824)
= Linum galloi Saroto ex Parl.; Fl. Ital. (Parlatore) 5(1): 290 (1873)
= Linum luteolum M.Bieb.; Fl. Taur.-Caucas. 1: 256 (1808)
= Linum nodiflorum f. micranthum Petrova; Izv. Bot. Inst. (Sofia) 23: 39 (1973)
= Linum pusillum Pall.; Tabl. Phys. Topogr. Taur. 49 (1795), et Nova Acta Acad. Sci. Imp. Petrop. Hist. Acad. 10: 309 (1797)
= Xantholinum nodiflorum (L.) Rchb.; Handb. 307 (1837)
species :
Linum numidicum Murb.; Acta Univ. Lund. ser. 2, l(4): 35 (1905)
Distribution: Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia
20 ALG MOR TUN
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum corymbiferum var. maroccanum Maire; Cavanillesia 3: 51 (1931)
= Linum corymbiferum var. meyeri Chabert; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 36: 317 (1889)
= Linum numidicum var. fontqueri Maire; Cavanillesia 3: 52 (1931)
species :
Linum nutans Maxim.; Bull. Acad. Petersb. 26: 430 (1880)
Distribution: Siberia (Buryatia, Chita, Irkutsk, Tuva); China (Gansu, Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Shaanxi); Tibet; N-Mongolia
30 SIB 36 CHI TIB 37 MON
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum baicalense Juz.; Komarov, Fl. USSR 14: 715 (1949)
species :
Linum obtusatum (Boiss.) Stapf; Denkschr. Akad. Wiss. Wien Math.-Nat. Kl. 51: 23 (1886)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, NE-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq)
34 IRQ TUR
Remarks: austriacum agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum alpinum var. obtusatum Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 1: 865 (1867)
species :
Linum ockendonii Greuter & Burdet; Willdenowia 19: 35 (1989)
Distribution: Germany (Bayern); Switzerland; Austria; France; etc.
11 AUT GER SWI 12 FRA
Remarks: austriacum agg., separated from L. alpinum on cytological basis
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum perenne subsp. ockendonii (Greuter & Burdet) Seybold
species :
Linum olgae Juz.; Not. Syst. Herb. Hort. Petrop. 2: 21 (1921)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan
32 KAZ KGZ TZK UZB
species :
Linum olympicum Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. 1: 56 (1843)
subspecies :
subsp. olympicum
Distribution: Turkey (N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum hirsutum Sm.; Fl. Graec. Prod. 1: 215 (1806)
= Linum hirsutum var. alpinum Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 1: 859 (1867)
subspecies :
subsp. athoum Hartvig; Strid, Mount. Fl. Greece 1: 563 (1986)
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum iberidifolium Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 1: 854 (1867) (nom. inval.)
species :
Linum orizabae Planch.; Hook. Lond. J. Bot. 7: 482 (1848)
Distribution: Mexico (Chihuahua, Ciudad de Mexico, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Sonora, Tlaxcala, Veracruz)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Cathartolinum lecheoides (S.Watson) Small; North Amer. Fl. 25: 79 (1907)
= Cathartolinum orizabae (Planch.) Small; N. Am. Fl. 25: 79 (1907)
= Linum hypericifolium C.Presl; Reliq. Haenk. 2: 2 (1831)
= Linum lecheoides S.Watson; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 17: 332 (1882)
species :
Linum pallasianum Schult.; Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg. 6: 758 (1820)
subspecies :
subsp. pallasianum
Distribution: Romania; E-European Russia; Ukraine; Crimea
13 ROM 14 KRY RUS UKR
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum czernjajevii Klokov; Bot. J. Acad. Sci. Ukraine 3: No. 1-2, 23 (1946)
subspecies :
subsp. borzeanum (A.Nyár.) Petrova; Izv. Bot. Inst. (Sofija) 23: 28 (1973)
Distribution: Bulgaria
13 BUL
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum borzeanum A.Nyár.; Bul. Grad. Muz Bot. Univ. Cluj 11: 17 (1931)
species :
Linum pallescens Bunge; Ledeb. Fl. Alt. 1: 438 (1829)
Distribution: Siberia (Altai, Tuva); Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; China (Gansu, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Xinjiang); Tibet; Mongolia
30 SIB 32 KAZ KGZ TZK 36 CHI TIB 37 MON
Synonyms: hidden
= Adenolinum pallescens (Bunge) Rchb.; Handb. Nat. Pfl.-Syst.: 307 (1837)
species :
Linum pamphylicum (Boiss.) Podp.; Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 52: 639 (1902)
subspecies :
subsp. pamphylicum
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: flavum agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum orientale Boiss. var. pamphylicum Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 1: 856 (1867)
subspecies :
subsp. olympicum Kaynak & Yilmaz; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 40(2): 147 (2003)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
subspecies :
subsp. papilliferum (Hub.-Mor. & Reese) Yilmaz & Kaynak; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 43(1): 77 (2006)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum papilliferum Hub.-Mor. & Reese; Feddes Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 52: 45 (1943)
species :
Linum perenne L.; Sp. Pl. 277 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. perenne
Name: Ausdauernder Lein, Stauden-Lein (DE), Blue Flax (EN)
Distribution: England; Germany (+Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen); Switzerland; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Romania; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; N-European Russia; W-European Russia; Ukraine; Siberia (Altai, Buryatia, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva, W-Siberia, Yakutia); Kazakhstan; China (Gansu, Hebei, Henan, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shanxi, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Yunnan); Tibet; Mongolia; Japan [I]; Pakistan (Kurram, Astor); NW-India (Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh); Canada (Ontario); USA (Iowa, Illinois, Kansas, Maine, Michigan, Montana, Nebraska, New York, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Virginia, Wisconsin, West Virginia)
10 GRB 11 AUT CZE GER HUN POL SLO SWI 13 BIH CRO KOS MNT NMA ROM SRB 14 RUS UKR 30 SIB 32 KAZ 36 CHI TIB 37 MON 38 jap 40 IND PAK 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 78 USA
Remarks: perenne agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Adenolinum perenne (L.) Rchb.; Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 16: 65 (1854)
= Adenolinum sibiricum (DC.) Rchb.; Handb. 307 (1837)
= Linum alpestre Bubani; Fl. Pyren. 3: 335 (1901)
= Linum alpinum Schangin; Neueste Nord. Beytr. Phys. Geogr. Erd- Völkerbeschreib. 6: 47 (1793)
= Linum anglicum Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. 8: no. 5 (1768)
= Linum bavaricum F.W.Schultz; 643 (1838)
= Linum brevisepalum Juz.; Komarov (ed.), Fl. U. R. S. S. 14: 720 (1949)
= Linum darmstadinum Alef.; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 25: 252 (1867)
= Linum decurrens Kellogg; Proc. Calif. Acad. 3: 44, f. 11 (1863)
= Linum elatum Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 177 (1796)
= Linum sibiricum DC.; Prod. 1: 427 (1824)
subspecies :
subsp. extraaxillare (Kit.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. Suppl. 2: 71 (1889)
Distribution: Slovakia; Slovenia; Croatia; North Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; European Russia
11 SLO 13 ALB BUL CRO NMA SLV 14 RUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum extraaxillare Kit.; Linnaea 32: 573 (1863)
species :
Linum persicum Boiss.; Diagn. ser. 1, 6: 27 (1846)
Distribution: Turkey (SE-Anatolia); Iran (S-Iran)
34 IRN TUR
species :
Linum peyronii Post; Pl. Post. 3: 6 (1892)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia); Iran (W-Iran); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, Jbel Druze); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania)
34 IRN JOR LEB SYR TUR
species :
Linum phitosianum Christod. & Iatroú; Phyton (Austria) 33(2): 289, 290 (1994)
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
species :
Linum platyphyllum (P.H.Davis) Yild.; Ot Sist. Bot. Dergisi 25(2): 17 (2018)
subspecies :
subsp. platyphyllum
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum hirsutum subsp. platyphyllum (P.H.Davis) Yilmaz & Kaynak; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 43(1): 62 (2006)
= Linum hirsutum var. platyphyllum P.H.Davis; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 22(3): 142 (-143
subspecies :
subsp. guvensenii Yild.; Ot Sist. Bot. Dergisi 25(2): 17 (2018)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Linum polygaloides Planch.; Hook. Lond. J. Bot. 7: 487 (1848)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum andicolum Krause; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 40: 278 (1908)
= Linum macraei f. peruvianum J.F.Macbr.; Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Bot. Ser. 13, pt. 3: 623 (1949)
species :
Linum pratense (Norton) Small; N. Am. Fl. 25: 69 (1907)
Name: Meadow flax
Distribution: USA (Arizona, Colorado, Kansas, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Texas); Mexico (Aguascalientes)
73 USA 74 USA 76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Adenolinum pratense (Norton) W.A.Weber; Phytologia 55(1): 2 (1984)
= Linum lewisii var. pratense Norton; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 12: 38, pl (1902)
species :
Linum pringlei S.Watson; Proc. Amer. Acad. 23: 269 (1888)
Distribution: Mexico (Chihuahua, Durango, Nayarit, Sonora)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Cathartolinum pringlei (S.Watson) Small; N. Am. Fl. 25: 74 (1907)
species :
Linum prostratum Dombey ex Lam.; Encyc. 3: 525 (1789)
Distribution: Peru; Bolivia [I]; Chile (Antofagasta)
83 bol PER 85 CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum paposanum Phil.; Fl. Atacam. 13. (1860)
variant :
var. parvum (l.M.Johnst.) Mildner; Phytologia 23(5): 439 (1972)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum parvum I.M.Johnst.; Contr. Gray Herb. n. s. 85: 172 (1929)
species :
Linum puberulum (Engelm.) Heller; Bull. Torr. Bot. Club, 627 (1896)
Name: Plains flax
Distribution: USA (Arizona, California, Colorado, Nebraska, New Mexico, Nevada, Texas, Utah, Wyoming); Mexico (Sonora, Chihuahua, Coahuila)
73 USA 74 USA 76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Cathartolinum puberulum (Engelm.) Small; Britton et al., N. Amer. Fl. 25: 80 (1907)
= Cathartolinum vestitum Wooton & Standl.; Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 16: 142 (1913)
= Linum rigidum var. puberulum Engelm.; Smithsonian Contr. Knowl. 3(5): 25 (1852)
= Mesynium puberulum (Engelm.) W.A.Weber; Phytologia 55(1): 3 (1984)
species :
Linum pubescens Banks & Sol.; Russell, Nat. Hist. Aleppo ed. 2, 2: 268 (1794)
subspecies :
subsp. pubescens
Name: Weichhaariger Lein
Distribution: Egypt (NE-Egypt); Turkey (S-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq); Cyprus (E-Cyprus, S-Cyprus); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, Jazira, NW-Syria, Jbel Druze); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, N-Negev Desert); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania)
20 EGY 34 CYP IRQ ISR JOR LEB SIN SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum decoloratum Griseb.; Spic. Fl. Rumel. 1(1): 117 (1843)
= Linum hirsutum Sieber ex C.Presl; Fl. Sicul. (Presl) 1: 170 (1826)
= Linum piliferum Boiss.; Fl. Orient. (Boiss.) 1: 860 (1867)
= Linum piligerum C.Presl; Fl. Sicul. (Presl) 1: 170 (1826)
subspecies :
subsp. anisocalyx (P.H.Davis) Yilmaz & Kaynak; J. Biol. Environm. Sci. 2(4): 5 (2008)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum anisocalyx Davis; Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 22: 149 (1957)
subspecies :
subsp. sibthorpianum (Margot & Reut.) P.H.Davis; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 22: 149 (1957)
Distribution: Albania; Greece; Crete
13 ALB GRC KRI
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum sibthorpianum Margot & Reut.; Mem. Soc. Phys. Genéve 8: 283 (1839)
species :
Linum punctatum C.Presl; J. Presl & C. Presl, Delic. Prag.: 58 (1822)
subspecies :
subsp. punctatum
Distribution: Sicily
13 SIC
Remarks: austriacum agg.
subspecies :
subsp. pycnophyllum (Boiss. & Heldr.) Gustavsson; Bot. Not. 131: 16 (1978)
Distribution: Albania; Greece; ?Turkey
13 ALB GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum alpinum var. pycnophyllum (Boiss.) Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 1: 865 (1867)
= Linum punctatum subsp. pycnophyllum (Boiss. & Heldr.) Greuter & Burdet; Willdenowia 12(1): 45 (1982), isonym
= Linum pycnophyllum Boiss. & Heldr.; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 2, 1: 97 (1854)
species :
Linum pungens Planch.; Hook. Lond. J. Bot. 7: 491 (1848)
Distribution: South Africa (W-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
species :
Linum quadrifolium L.; Sp. Pl. 281 (1753)
Distribution: South Africa (W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Linopsis quadrifolia (L.) Rchb.; Handb. 307 (1837)
= Linum tetraphyllum Hebenstr. ex Steud.; Nom. ed. II. 2: 52 (1841)
= Linum capense Houtt.; Nat. Hist. II. 8: Aanwyz. Plaat. (1), t. 46, fig. 1 (1777)
species :
Linum ramosissimum Gay; Fl. Chil. 1: 463 (1846)
Distribution: Chile (Coquimbo)
85 CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum chamissonis var. obtusifolium (Phil.) Reiche; Anales Univ. Chile 93: 841 (1896)
= Linum chamissonis var. ramosissimum Reiche; Anales Univ. Chile 93: 841 (1896)
= Linum obtusifolium Phil.; Anales Univ. Chile 82: 1105 (1893)
species :
Linum rigidum Pursh; Fl. Am. Sept. 1: 210 (1813)
Name: Stiffstem flax
Distribution: Canada (Alberta, Manitoba, Saskatchewan); USA (Arkansas, Colorado, Iowa, Illinois, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Mexico, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Texas, Wisconsin, Wyoming)
71 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cathartolinum earlei Small; Britton et al., N. Amer. Fl. 25: 83 (1907)
= Cathartolinum rigidum (Pursh) Small; Britton et al., N. Amer. Fl. 25: 82 (1907)
= Linum earlei (Small) H.J.P.Winkl.; Engl. & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. ed. 2, 19a: 116 (1931)
= Linum rigidum var. tenerrimum Blank.; Sci. Stud. Montana Coll. Agric., Bot. 1: 85 (1905)
= Mesynium rigidum (Pursh) Á.Löve & D.Löve; Taxon 31(2): 348 (1982)
= Nezera rigida (Pursh) Nieuwl.; Am. Midl. Nat. 3: 152 (1913)
variant :
var. simulans C.M.Rogers; NAm. Fl., Ser. 2, 12: 38 (1984)
Distribution: USA (Colorado, Kansas, Minnesota, North Dakota, Nebraska)
73 USA 74 USA 75 USA
species :
Linum rupestre (A.Gray) Engelm.; Bost. J. Nat. Hist. 6: (1850)
Name: Rock flax
Distribution: USA (New Mexico, Texas); Mexico (Aguascalientes, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Nuevo Leon, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Zacatecas); Guatemala
77 USA 79 MEX 80 GUA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cathartolinum rupestre (A.Gray) Small; Britton et al., N. Amer. Fl. 25: 76 (1907)
= Cathartolinum wrightii Small; Britton et al., N. Amer. Fl. 25: 76 (1907)
= Linum boottii var. rupestre A.Gray; Boston J. Nat. Hist. 6: 155 (1850)
= Linum wrightii (Small) H.J.P.Winkl.; Engl., Nat. Pflanzenfam. ed. 2, 19a: 116 (1931)
species :
Linum rzedowskii Arreguín; Phytologia 57(4): 262 (1985)
Distribution: Mexico (Mexico State)
79 MEX
species :
Linum salsoloides Lam.; Encycl. 3: 521 (1792)
Name: Strauchiger Lein
Distribution: C-Spain
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cathartolinum salsoloides (Lam.) Rchb.; Handb. Nat. Pfl.-Syst.: 307 (1837)
= Linum crispum Steud.; Nom. ed. I. 484 (1821)
= Linum ortegae Planch.; London J. Bot. 7: 184 (1848)
= Linum suffruticosum subsp. ortegae (Planch.) Rivas Goday & Borja ex Rivas Mart.; An. Inst. Bot. A. J. Cavanilles 34(2): 548 (1977 publ. 1978)
= Linum suffruticosum subsp. salsoloides (Lam.) Rouy; Fl. France 4: 71 (1897)
= Linum tenuifolium subsp. ortegae (Planch.) O.Bolòs & Vigo; Butll. Inst. Catalana Hist. Nat. 38: 82 (1974)
= Linum tenuifolium subsp. salsoloides (Lam.) Litard.; Briq. Prodr. Fl. Corse 2(2): 45 (1936)
species :
Linum scabrellum Planch.; Hook. Lond. J. Bot. 7: 507 (1848)
Distribution: Mexico (Aguascalientes, Coahuila, Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Nuevo Leon, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Zacatecas)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Cathartolinum scabrellum (Planch.) Small; N. Am. Fl. 25: 74 (1907)
= Linum macradenium Brandegee; Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 4: 181 (1911)
species :
Linum schiedeanum Cham. & Schltdl.; Linnaea 5: 234 (1830)
Name: Schied´s flax
Distribution: USA (New Mexico, Texas); Mexico (Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Nayarit, Nuevo Leon, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Veracruz); Guatemala; Honduras
77 USA 79 MEX 80 GUA HON
Synonyms: hidden
= Cathartolinum coulterianum (Planch.) Small; N. Am. Fl. 25: 76 (1907)
= Cathartolinum greggii (Engelm. ex A.Gray) Small; N. Am. Fl. 25: 77 (1907)
= Cathartolinum schiedeanum (Schltdl. & Cham.) Small; Britton et al., N. Amer. Fl. 25: 76 (1907)
= Linum coulterianum Planch.; Hook. Lond. J. Bot. 7: 498 (1848)
= Linum greggii Engelm.; Smithsonian Contr. Knowl. 3(5): 26 (1852)
species :
Linum scoparium Griseb.; Abh. Königl. Ges. Wiss. Göttingen 19: 103 (1874)
Distribution: Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz, Tarija); Uruguay (Lavalleja, Treinta y Tres); Argentina (Cordoba, Tucuman)
83 BOL 85 ARG URU
species :
Linum seljukorum Davis; Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 22: 147, t. 7 (1957)
subspecies :
subsp. seljukorum
Distribution: Armenia; Turkey (Inner Anatolia)
33 ARM 34 TUR
subspecies :
subsp. barsegjanii (Gabrieljan & Dittrich) T.V.Egorova; Bot. Zhurn. 85(7): 172 (2000)
Distribution: Armenia
33 ARM
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum barsegjanii Gabrieljan & Dittrich; Candollea 47(1): 71 (1992)
species :
Linum setaceum Brot.; Phytogr. Lusit. Select.: 43 (1800)
Distribution: Portugal; S-Spain; Morocco
12 POR SPA 20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cathartolinum bicolor (Schousb. ex DC.) Rchb.; Handb. Nat. Pfl.-Syst.: 307 (1837)
= Linum bicolor Schousb. ex DC.; Prodr. [De Candolle] 1: 428 (1824)
= Linum setaceum var. bicolor (Schousb. ex DC.) Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N.24: 206 (1933)
= Linum tenuifolium Schousb.; Vextrig. Marokko 149 (1800)
species :
Linum silpii Gomb.; Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 100: 330 (1953)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Linum smallii (C.M.Rogers) K.Bradley & Weakley; J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 14(2): 212 (2020)
Name: Small´s flax
Distribution: USA (Florida)
78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum carteri var. smallii C.M.Rogers; Sida 3: 210 (1968)
species :
Linum smithii Mildner; Phytologia 23(5): 439 (1972)
Distribution: S-Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina)
84 BRA
species :
Linum squarrosum Munby; Bull Soc. Bot. France 2: 283 (1855)
subspecies :
subsp. squarrosum
Distribution: Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia
20 ALG MOR TUN
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum squarrosum var. ericoides Pau; Font Quer, Iter Marocc. 1927 no. 355, in sched. (1928)
= Linum suffruticosum var. lycopodioides Batt.; Contr. Fl. Atlant.: 22 (1919)
= Linum suffruticosum var. matris-filiae Emb. & Maire; Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc 21-22: 28 (1930)
= Linum suffruticosum var. squarrosum (Munby) Batt.; Fl. Algérie [Batt. &Trabut] Dicot.
= Linum suffruticosum var. virgatum Batt.; Contr. Fl. Atlant.: 22 (1919)
subspecies :
subsp. maroccanum (Pau & Font Quer) Mart.Labarga & P.P.Ferrer; Phytotaxa 439(2): 133 (2020)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum suffruticosum var. maroccanum Pau & Font Quer; Font Quer, Iter Marocc. 1927 no. 354, in sched. (1928)
species :
Linum stelleroides Planch.; Hook. J. Lond. Bot. 7: 178 (1848)
Distribution: Siberia (Chita); Russian Far East (Amur, Khabarovsk, Primorye); China (Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Jiangsu, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shanxi, Shaanxi, Shandong, Sichuan); North Korea; South Korea; Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu)
30 SIB 31 RFE 36 CHI 38 JAP KOR NKO
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum davuricum Miq.; Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd. Bat. 2: 260 (1865)
= Linum karoi Freyn; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 52: 15 (1902)
species :
Linum stocksianum Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Or. Nov. Ser. 2, 1: 98 (1854)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Ghazni, Kunar / Nuristan, Paktia / Khost); Pakistan (Chitral, Baluchistan)
34 AFG 40 PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum perenne var. stocksianum (Boiss.) Boiss.; Fl. Or. 1: 865 (1867)
species :
Linum striatum Walter; Fl. Carol. 118 (1788)
Name: Ridged yellow flax
Distribution: Canada (Ontario); USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Michigan, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, West Virginia)
72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cathartolinum striatum (Walter) Small; Britton et al., N. Amer. Fl. 25: 71 (1907)
= Linum austriacum Lam.; Encycl. 3: 521 (1792)
= Linum diffusum Alph.Wood; Class-Book 276 (1861)
= Linum diffusum Schult.; Observ. Bot.: 63 (1809)
= Linum rigidum Torr. & A.Gray; Fl. N. Am. 1: 204 (1838)
= Linum striatum var. multijugum Fernald; Rhodora 37: 431 (1935)
= Linum virginianum var. diffusum Alph.Wood; Class-book Bot., ed. 2(a): 195 (1847)
= Linum virginianum var. oppositifolium Engelm.; Smithsonian Contr. Knowl. 3(5): 26 (1852)
= Nezera albiflora Raf.; New Fl. 4: 65 (1838)
= Nezera striata (Walter) Nieuwl.; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 3: 152 (1913)
species :
Linum strictum L.; Sp. Pl.: 279 (1753)
Name: Steifer Lein (DE); Lino silvestre (ES); Stiff Flax (EN)
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Pantelleria; Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); Malta; San Marino [I]; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Albania; European Turkey; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; European Russia; Crimea; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt (NW-coastal Egypt); Madeira (Madeira Isl., Porto Santo Isl.); Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro, La Palma Isl.); Sudan (incl. Jbel Marra); Ethiopia; Eritrea; Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq); Iran (N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, S-Iran, W-Iran); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, C-Syrian Desert, Jazira, NW-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, Judean Desert); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Saudi Arabia (Asir); Bahrain; Qatar; Pakistan; NW-India (Jammu & Kashmir); Australia [I] (South Australia [I])
12 BAL COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH CRO GRC ITA KRI MLT MNT PEL PTL SIC sma TUE 14 KRY RUS 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 21 CNY MDR 24 ERI ETH SUD 33 NCS 34 CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR 35 BAR QAT SAU 40 IND PAK 50 aus
Synonyms: hidden
= Cathartolinum alternum (Pieri) Rchb.; Handb. 307 (1837)
= Cathartolinum corymbulosum Rchb.; Handb. Nat. Pfl.-Syst.: 307 (1837)
= Cathartolinum spicatum (Pers.) Rchb.; Ic. Fl. Germ. 16: 62 (1838)
= Cathartolinum strictum (L.) Rchb.; Ic. Fl. Germ. 16: t. 327 (1838)
= Chrysolinum strictum (L.) Fourr.; Ann. Soc. L. Lyon, N. S. 16: 349 (1868)
= Linopsis corymbosa Rchb.; Handb. Nat. Pfl.-Syst.: 307 (1837)
= Linum alterniflorum Delile ex Spreng.; Syst. Veg. (ed. 16) (Spreng.) 4(2, Cur. Post.): 127 (1827)
= Linum alternum (Pers.) Pieri; Fl. Corcir.: 25 (1824)
= Linum gallicum Sm.; J. Sibthorp & J. E. Smith, Fl. Graec. 4: 3 (1823)
= Linum inaequale C.Presl; J. S. Presl & C. B. Presl, Delic. Prag.: 58 (1822)
= Linum liburnicum Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 126 (1878)
= Linum paniculatum Desv. ex Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 2: 52 (1841)
= Linum rigidum Sarato ex Parl.; Fl. Ital. 5: 293 (1873)
= Linum scabridum Steud. ex Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 1: 852 (1867)
= Linum sessiliflorum Lam.; Encycl. 3: 523 (1792)
= Linum spicatum (Pers.) Guss.; Fl. Sicul. Syn. 2: 809 (1844)
= Linum strictum proles spicatum (Pers.) Asch.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. [Ascherson & Graebner] 7: 176 (1914)
= Linum strictum subsp. spicatum (Pers.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 126 (1878)
= Linum strictum var. alternum Pers.; Syn. Pl. [Pers.] 1: 336 (1805)
= Linum strictum var. capitatum Guss.; Fl. Sic. Prodr. 1: 389 (1827)
= Linum strictum var. cymosum Gren. & Godr.; Fl. France [Grenier & Godr.]1: 281 (1847)
= Linum strictum var. laxiflorum Gren. & Godr.; Fl. France [Grenier & Godr.] 1: 281 (1847)
= Linum strictum var. macranthum Batt.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 31: 361 (1885)
= Linum strictum var. paniculatum Desv.; J. Bot. (Desvaux) 2: 315 (1809)
= Linum strictum var. paniculatum Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France [Rouy & Foucaud] 4: 59 (1897)
= Linum strictum var. racemosum P.Palau; Treb. Inst. Catalana Hist. Nat. 7: 61 (1976 publ. 1977)
= Linum strictum var. spicatum Pers.; Syn. Pl. 1: 335 (1805)
species :
Linum subbiflorum Juz.; Komarov, Fl. USSR 14: 716 (1949)
Distribution: Armenia; Azerbaijan
33 ARM AZE
species :
Linum subteres (Trel.) H.J.P.Winkl.; Engl. & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. ed. 2, 19a: 116 (1931)
Name: Sprucemont flax
Distribution: USA (Arizona, New Mexico, Nevada, Utah)
76 USA 77 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cathartolinum subteres (Trel.) Small; Britton et al., N. Amer. Fl. 25: 83 (1907)
= Linum aristatum var. subteres Trel.; A. Gray, Syn. Fl. N. Amer. 1(1): 347 (1897)
= Linum leptopodum A.Nelson; Coult. Bot. Gaz. 47: 426 (1909)
= Mesynium subteres (Trel.) W.A.Weber; Phytologia 55(1): 3 (1984)
species :
Linum suffruticosum L.; Sp. Pl.: 279 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. suffruticosum
Distribution: NE- & E-Spain
12 SPA
Remarks: tenuifolium agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Cathartolinum suffruticosum (L.) Rchb.; Handb. Nat. Pfl.-Syst.: 307 (1837)
= Leucolinum suffruticosum (L.) Fourr.; Ann. Soc. L. Lyon, N. S. 16: 349 (1868)
= Linum fruticosum Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. 8: no. 11 (1768)
= Linum tenuifolium Asso; Syn. Pl. Arag.: 41 (1779)
= Linum tenuifolium subsp. suffruticosum (L.) Litard.; Briq., Prodr. Fl. Corse 2(2): 45 (1936)
= Linum tenuifolium var. suffruticosum (L.) O.Bolòs & Vigo; Butl. Inst. Catalana Hist. Nat., Secc. Bot. 38: 81 (1974)
subspecies :
subsp. castroviejoi (Mart.Labarga, Pedrol & Muñoz Garm.) L.Sáez & Aymerich; Orsis 31: 32 (2017)
Distribution: Spain (Huesca, Lerida)
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum castroviejoi Mart.Labarga, Pedrol & Muñoz Garm.; Fl. Iber. 9: 507 (2015)
subspecies :
subsp. crespoi Mart.Labarga & Muñoz Garm.; Fl. Iber. 9: 508 (2015)
Distribution: E-Spain (Valencia, Alicante, Murcia)
12 SPA
subspecies :
subsp. differens (Pau) Rivas Goday & Rivas Mart.; Anales Inst. Bot. Cavanilles 25: 185 (1969)
Distribution: EC-, E- & S-Spain
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum tenuifolium var. differens (Pau) O.Bolòs & Vigo; But. Inst. Catalana Hist. Nat., 38 Bot. 1: 82 (1974)
= Linum differens Pau; Not. Bot. Fl. Espan. 2: 38 (1888)
subspecies :
subsp. loeflingii Mart.Labarga & Muñoz Garm.; Fl. Iber. 9: 508 (2015)
Distribution: C-, E- & S-Spain
12 SPA
subspecies :
subsp. montserratii Mart.Labarga & Muñoz Garm.; Fl. Iber. 9: 508 (2015)
Distribution: NE-Spain (Pyrenees, Sa. de Moncayo)
12 SPA
species :
Linum sulcatum Riddell; West. J. Med. Phys. Sci. 10 (1836)
Name: Grooved flax
Distribution: Canada (Manitoba, Ontario, Québec, Saskatchewan); USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, Florida, Georgia, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, Vermont, Wisconsin, West Virginia)
71 CDN 72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cathartolinum sulcatum (Riddell) Small; Britton et al., N. Amer. Fl. 25: 78 (1907)
= Linum bootii Planch.; Hook. Lond. J. Bot. 7: 475 (1848)
= Linum simplex Alph.Wood; Class-book Bot.: 276 (1861)
= Linum striatum Nutt.; Gen. N. Amer. Pl. 1: 206 (1818)
= Mesynium sulcatum (Riddell) Á.Löve & D.Löve; Taxon 31: 348 (1982)
= Nezera sulcata (Riddell) Nieuwl.; Am. Midl. Nat. 3: 152 (1913)
variant :
var. harperi (Small) C.M.Rogers; Brittonia 15: 103 (1963)
Name: Harper´s flax
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Florida, Georgia)
78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cathartolinum harperi (Small) Small; N. Am. Fl. 25: 78 (1907)
= Linum harperi Small; Fl. S. E. U. S. (Small). 663 (1903)
species :
Linum tauricum Willd.; Enum. Pl. Hort. Berol.: 339 (1809)
subspecies :
subsp. tauricum
Distribution: North Macedonia; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Ukraine; Crimea; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]
13 BUL NMA ROM TUE 14 KRY UKR 33 GEO NCS
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum bulgaricum Podp.; Verh. K. K. Zoot.-Bot. Ges. Wien 52: 642 (1902)
= Linum campanulatum M.Bieb.; Fl. Taur.-Caucas. 1: 255 (1808) non L.
= Linum pseudoelegans Podp.; Verh. K. K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 52: 639 (1902)
= Linum pubescens Willd. ex Schult.; Roem. & Schult.,Syst. Veg., ed. 15 bis 6: 758 (1820)
= Linum serbicum Podp.; Verh. K. K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 52: 641 (1902)
= Linum tauricum subsp. bulgaricum (Podp.) Petrova; Izv. Bot. Inst. (Sofia) 23: 23 (1973)
= Linum tauricum subsp. serbicum (Podp.) Petrova; Izv. Bot. Inst. (Sofia) 23: 23 (1973)
= Xantholinum tauricum (Willd.) Rchb.; Handb. Nat. Pfl.-Syst.: 307 (1837)
subspecies :
subsp. bosphori P.H.Davis; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 28: 37 (1967)
Distribution: European Turkey; Turkey
13 TUE 34 TUR
subspecies :
subsp. linearifolium (Lindem.) Petrova; lzv. Bot. Inst. (Sofija) 23: 23 (1973)
Distribution: Romania; Bulgaria; European Russia; Crimea
13 BUL ROM 14 KRY RUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum flavum var. linearifolium Lindem.; Zap. Novorossijsk. Obge. Estestvoisp. 6, Suppl.: 102 (1881)
= Linum linearifolium (Lindem.) Jáv.; Magyar Bot. Lapok 9: 156 (1910)
species :
Linum tejedense (C.Vicioso ex Pau) Mart.Labarga & Muñoz Garm.; Fl. Iber. 9: 240 (2015)
Distribution: S-Spain (Sa. de Almijara, Sa. de Tejeda)
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum suffruticosum subsp. dolomiticum Rivas Mart., A.Asensi, Molero Mesa & F.Valle; Rivasgodaya 6: 46 (1991)
= Linum suffruticosum var. tejedense C.Vicioso ex Pau; Treb. Inst. Catalana Hist. Nat. 2: 206 (1916)
species :
Linum tenellum Cham. & Schltdl.; Linnaea 5: 235 (1830)
Distribution: Mexico (Hidalgo, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Tamaulipas, Veracruz)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Cathartolinum tenellum (Cham. & Schltdl.) Small; N. Am. Fl. 25: 77 (1907)
species :
Linum tenue Desf.; Fl. Atlant. 1: 280 (1798)
subspecies :
subsp. tenue
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; Morocco; Algeria
12 POR SPA 20 ALG MOR
Remarks: tenue agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum dichotomum Boutelou ex Willk. & Lange; Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 3: 546 (1878)
= Linum melianthum Brot.; Fl. Lusit. 1: 484 (1804)
= Linum ramosissimum Willk.; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 5: 240 (1847)
= Linum scabrum Kunze; Flora. 29: 654 (1846)
= Linum subasperifolium Humbert & Maire; Mem. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc, No. 15, 20 (1926)
= Linum trigynum subsp. tenue (Desf.) Franco; Nova Fl. Portugal 1: 404 (1971)
= Linum virgatum Schousb.; Jagttag. Vextrig. Marokko 151 (1800)
subspecies :
subsp. munbyanum (Boiss. & Reut.) Batt.; Batt. & Trabut, Fl. Algerie 1: 175 (1888)
Distribution: Morocco; Algeria
20 ALG MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum corymbiferum var. munbyanum (Boiss. & Reut.) Ball; Spicil. Fl. Marocc. [Ball]: 379 (1878)
= Linum munbyanum Boiss. & Reut.; Pugill. Pl. Afr. Bor. Hispan.: 24 (1852)
= Linum munbyanum var. curtifolium Pau & Font Quer; Font Quer, Iter Marocc. 1927 no. 353, in sched. (1928)
= Linum munbyanum var. faurei Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N.23: 172 (1932)
= Linum munbyanum var. meridionale Hochr.; Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Gendve 7-8: 155 (1904)
= Linum munbyanum var. tenuifolium Pau & Font Quer; Font Quer, Iter Marocc. 1927 no. 352, in sched. (1928)
species :
Linum tenuifolium L.; Sp. Pl.: 278 (1753)
Name: Schmalblättriger Lein, Zarter Lein (DE)
Distribution: Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Saarland, +Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; NE-Spain (Pyrenees); Andorra; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; San Marino; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece; Crete; E-European Russia; Ukraine; Crimea; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Iran (Iranian Aserbaijan); Syria (W-Syrian Mountains)
11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LUX POL SLO SWI 12 ADO COR FRA SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SMA SRB TUE 14 KRY RUS UKR 33 ARM GEO 34 IRN SYR TUR
Remarks: tenuifolium agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Cathartolinum tenuifolium (L.) Rchb.; Handb. Nat. Pfl.-Syst.: 307 (1837)
= Leucolinum tenuifolium (L.) Fourr.; Ann. Soc. L. Lyon, N. S. 16: 349 (1868)
= Linum biforme subsp. tenuifolium (L.) Bonnier & Layens; 54 (1894)
= Linum cilicicum Fenzl; Tchihat. Asie Min. Bot. 1: 141 (1860)
= Linum tenuifolium var. scariosum (Sieber) Hegi; 13 (1924)
species :
Linum thesioides Bartl.; Linnaea 7: 540 (1832)
Distribution: South Africa (W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum fruticulosum Planch. ex Walp.; Ann. Bot. Syst. (Walp.) 2(1): 128 (1851)
species :
Linum thracicum (Griseb.) Degen; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 43: 55 (1893)
subspecies :
subsp. thracicum
Distribution: Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Bulgaria; Greece
13 BUL GRC KOS NMA SRB
Remarks: flavum agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum crenatum Podp.; Verh. K. K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 52: 637 (1902)
= Linum rhodopeum Velen.; Sitzungsber. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss. Prag, Math.-Naturw. Cl. 1895(37): 3 (1896)
= Linum turcicum Podp.; Verh. K. K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 52: 637 (1902)
= Linum flavum f. thracica Griseb.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 30(1): 115 (1843)
subspecies :
subsp. multiflorum Petrova; lzv. Bot. Inst. (Sofija) 23: 35 (1973)
Distribution: Bulgaria
13 BUL
species :
Linum thunbergii Eckl. & Zeyh.; Enum. Pl. Afric. Austral. [Ecklon & Zeyher] 35 (1837)
Distribution: Tanzania; Angola; Malawi; Zimbabwe; South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Eswatini [Swaziland]
25 TAN 26 ANG MLW ZIM 27 SAF SWZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum quadrifolium Thunb.; Fl. Cap. (Thunberg, ed. 2) 277 (1823)
= Linum racemosum E.Mey.; Drège, Zwei Pfl. Docum. 199 (1843)
= Linum reichenbachii Planch.; Hook. Lond. J. Bot. 7: 495 (1848)
species :
Linum tmoleum Boiss.; Diagn. ser. 1, 8: 105 (1849)
Distribution: Turkey (N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, W-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: nervosum agg.
species :
Linum toxicum Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 1: 854 (1867)
Distribution: Lebanon (Antilebanon); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, Judean Desert)
34 ISR LEB
species :
Linum triflorum Davis; Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 22: 159, t. 8b (1957)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Linum trigynum L.; Sp. Pl. 279 (1753)
Name: Dreigriffliger Lein (DE); French Flax (EN)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Slovakia; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; Andorra; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Pantelleria; Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); Malta; San Marino; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Crimea; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Madeira (Madeira Isl., Porto Santo Isl.); Soqotra; Georgia [Caucasus]; Azerbaijan (Talysh); East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iran (N-Iran); Cyprus (N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains); Saudi Arabia (Asir); Yemen (W-Yemen); Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); Norfolk Isl. [I]; New Zealand [I]; Hawaii [I] (Oahu [I]); USA [I] (California [I])
11 ger HUN SLO 12 ADO BAL COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MLT MNT NMA PEL PTL ROM SIC SLV SMA SRB TUE 14 KRY 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN 21 MDR 24 SOC 33 AZE GEO 34 CYP EAI IRN LEB SYR TUR 35 SAU YEM 50 aus nfk 51 nzl 63 haw 76 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Cathartolinum gallicum (L.) Rchb.; Handb. Nat. Pfl.-Syst.: 307 (1837)
= Chrysolinum gallicum (L.) Fourr.; Ann. Soc. L. Lyon, N. S. 16: 349 (1868)
= Linum aureum Waldst. & Kit.; Pl. Rar. Hung. 2: 193 t. 177 (1805)
= Linum gallicum f. aureum (Waldst. & Kit.) Hegi; 14 (1924)
= Linum gallicum L.; Sp. Pl. ed. 2: 401 (1762), nom. illeg.
= Linum procumbens Gaterau; Descr. Pl. Montatib. 68 (1789)
= Linum strictissimum Pall.; Reise Südl. Statthaltersch. Russ. Reich. 2: 80 (1801)
= Linum strictum Pall.; Tabl. Taur. 49 (1795) non L.
= Numisaureum petiolatum Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 3: 32 (1836)
species :
Linum turcomanicum Juz.; Komarov, Fl. USSR 14: 720 (1949)
Distribution: Turkmenistan
32 TKM
species :
Linum ucranicum (Griseb. ex Planch.) Czern.; Consp. Pl. Charc.: 12 (1859)
Distribution: C-European Russia; E-European Russia; Ukraine; Kazakhstan; Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus
14 RUS UKR 32 KAZ 33 NCS
Remarks: flavum agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum flavum var. ucranicum Griseb. ex Planch.; London J. Bot. 7: 509 (1848)
= Linum ucranicum subsp. uralense (Juz.) T.V.Egorova; Fl. Vostochnoi Evropy 9: 353 (1996)
= Linum uralense Juz.; Komarov, Fl. USSR 14: 722 (1949)
species :
Linum unguiculatum Davis; Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 22: 145, t. 6A (1957)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: hirsutum agg.
species :
Linum uninerve (Rchb.) Jáv.; Magyar Bot. Lapok 9: 156 (1910)
Distribution: Romania; Bulgaria
13 BUL ROM
Remarks: flavum agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum flavum var. uninerve Rchb.; Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 6: 67 (1844)
species :
Linum usitatissimum L.; Sp. Pl. 277 (1753)
Name: Saat-Lein, Flachs (DE); Common flax (EN); Lino (ES)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Slovakia [I]; Hungary [I]; Portugal [I]; Spain [I]; Andorra [I]; Baleares [I]; France [I]; Channel Isl. [I]; Corsica [I]; Sardinia [I]; Italy [I]; Sicily [I]; Slovenia [I]; Croatia [I]; Bosnia & Hercegovina [I]; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo [I]; North Macedonia [I]; European Turkey; Greece [I]; Estonia [I]; European Russia; Morocco [I]; Algeria [I]; Tunisia [I]; Libya [I]; Azores [I] (Santa Maria Isl. [I], Faial [I]); Madeira [I] (Madeira Isl. [I]); Canary Isl. [I] (Lanzarote [I], Gran Canaria [I], Tenerife [I], La Palma [I], La Gomera [I]); Angola [I]; Zimbabwe [I]; Mozambique [I]; Russian Far East [I] (Amur [I], Kamchatka [I], Khabarovsk [I], Primorye [I], Sakhalin [I]); Kazakhstan [I]; Turkmenistan [I]; Kyrgyzstan [I]; Tajikistan [I]; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, S-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia); Iran (E-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, S-Iran, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Badakshan, Balkh, Bamyan, Takhar); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, C-Syrian Desert); Saudi Arabia (Hejaz); Oman (Mascat & Oman); Yemen (W-Yemen); China [I]; Tibet [I]; South Korea [I]; Japan [I]; Nepal [I]; India [c]; Bangladesh [I]; Myanmar [I]; Thailand [I]; Vietnam [I]; Java [I]; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); New Zealand [I]; Canada [I] (Alberta [I], British Columbia [I], Manitoba [I], New Brunswick [I], Newfoundland [I], Nova Scotia [I], Northern Territories [I], Ontario [I], Prince Edward Isl. [I], Québec [I], Saskatchewan [I]); USA [I] (Alabama [I], Arkansas [I], Arizona [I], California [I], Colorado [I], Connecticut [I], District of Columbia [I], Delaware [I], Florida [I], Georgia [I], Iowa [I], Idaho [I], Illinois [I], Indiana [I], Kansas [I], Kentucky [I], Louisiana [I], Massachusetts [I], Maryland [I], Maine [I], Michigan [I], Minnesota [I], Missouri [I], Mississippi [I], Montana [I], North Carolina [I], North Dakota [I], Nebraska [I], New Hampshire [I], New Jersey [I], New Mexico [I], New York [I], Ohio [I], Oklahoma [I], Oregon [I], Pennsylvania [I], Rhode Island [I], South Carolina [I], South Dakota [I], Tennessee [I], Texas [I], Virginia [I], Vermont [I], Washington State [I], Wisconsin [I], West Virginia [I], Wyoming [I]); Mexico [I]; Guatemala [I]; El Salvador [I]; Honduras [I]; Nicaragua [I]; Costa Rica [I]; Cuba [I]; Dominican Republic [I]; Haiti [I]; Colombia [I]; Venezuela [I]; Ecuador [I]; Peru [I]; Bolivia [I]; Brazil [I]; Argentina [I]; Chile [I] (Atacama [I], Valparaíso [I], Ñuble [I], Biobío [I], Araucanía [I]); Juan Fdz. Isl. [I]
11 ger hun slo 12 ado bal cis cor fra por sar spa 13 bih cro grc ita kos MNT nma sic slv SRB TUE 14 est RUS 20 alg lby mor tun 21 azo cny mdr 26 ang moz zim 31 rfe 32 kaz kgz tkm tzk 33 GEO NCS 34 AFG CYP IRN IRQ LEB SYR TUR 35 OMA SAU YEM 36 chi tib 38 jap kor 40 ban ind nep 41 mya tha vie 42 jaw 50 aus 51 nzl 70 cdn 71 cdn 72 cdn 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa 79 mex 80 cos els gua hon nic 81 cub his 82 clm ven 83 bol ecu per 84 bra 85 arg cle jnf
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum arvense Neck.; Delic. Gallo-Belg.: 159 (1768)
= Linum crepitans (Boenn.) Dumort.; Fl. Belg. 111 (1827)
= Linum grandiflorum Rchb.; Iconogr. Bot. Pl. Crit. 4: 8 (1826)
= Linum hohenackeri Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 2, 1: 97 (1854)
= Linum humile Mill.; Gard. Dict., ed. 8, no. 2 (1768)
= Linum indehiscens (Neilr.) Vavilov & Elladi; Fl. Cult. Pl. USSR, ed. Vavilov et al. 5: 1. 117 (1940)
= Linum monadelphum Mart.; Pl. Hort. Erlang.: 84 (1814)
= Linum monadelphum Rchb.; Iconogr. Bot. Pl. Crit. 4: 8 (1826)
= Linum moroderorum Pau; Ann. Sci. Acad. Polytecn. Porto 6: 3. (1911)
= Linum mucronatum Gilib.; Fl. Lituan. 2: 143 (1782), opus utique oppr.
= Linum reuteri Boiss. & Hausskn.; Boiss., Fl. Orient. Suppl.: 139 (1888)
= Linum sativum Hasselq.; Iter Palaest.: 462 (1757)
= Linum trinervium B.Heyne ex Roth; Nov. Pl. Sp.: 187 (1821)
= Linum usitatissimum subsp. crepitans Schübl. & G.Martens; 211 (1834), nom. illeg.
= Linum usitatissimum subsp. humile (Mill.) Czernom.; Sborn. Nauch. Tr. Prikl. Bot. Genet. Selek., 113: 58 (1987), isonym
= Linum usitatissimum subsp. humile (Mill.) Hartm.; 96 (1846)
= Linum usitatissimum subsp. hyemale (Gentner) Bertsch; 277 (1962), nom. inval.
= Linum usitatissimum subsp. intermedium Chernom.; Sborn. Nauch. Tr. Prikl. Bot. Genet. Selek., 113: 60 (1987)
= Linum usitatissimum subsp. latifolium (L.) Stank.; Sborn. Nauch. Tr. Prikl. Bot. Genet. Selek., 113: 59 (1987), basionym non-existent
= Linum usitatissimum subsp. vulgare Schübl. & G.Martens; 211 (1834), nom. illeg.
= Linum usitatissimum var. crepitans Boenn.; 94 (1824)
= Linum usitatissimum var. crepitans W.D.J.Koch; 128 (1836), nom. illeg.
= Linum usitatissimum var. humile (Mill.) Pers.; 334 (1805)
= Linum usitatissimum var. indehiscens Jess.; 264 (1879)
= Linum usitatissimum var. multicaule Schur ex Hegi; 21 (1924)
= Linum usitatissimum var. vulgare Boenn.; 94 (1824)
= Linum usitatissimum var. vulgare Schübl. & G.Martens ex W.D.J.Koch; 128 (1836), nom. illeg.
= Linum utile Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 177 (1796)
species :
Linum velutinum Steud. ex Planch.; Lond. J. Bot. 7: 517 (1848)
Distribution: Iraq (NE-Iraq)
34 IRQ
species :
Linum vernale Wooton; Bull. Torr. Bot. Club, 452 (1898)
Name: Chihuahuan flax
Distribution: USA (New Mexico, Texas); Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo Leon, San Luis Potosi)
77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Mesynium vernale (Wooton) W.A.Weber; Phytologia 55(1): 3 (1984)
= Cathartolinum vernale (Wooton) Small; N. Am. Fl. 25: 80 (1907)
species :
Linum verruciferum Azn.; Bull. Herb. Boissier, sér. 2, 7: 314 (1907)
Distribution: Turkey (Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Linum villarianum Pau; Mém. Real Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 12: 298 (1924)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum usitatissimum subsp. villarianum (Pau) C.Martinez; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 48: 570 (1957)
species :
Linum villosum C.M.Rogers; Nordic J. Bot. 1(6): 717 (1981 publ. 1982)
Distribution: South Africa (W-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
species :
Linum violascens Bunge; Ledeb. Fl. Alt. 1: 439 (1829)
Distribution: Siberia (Altai, Tuva, W-Siberia); Kazakhstan; Mongolia
30 SIB 32 KAZ 37 MON
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum sibiricum var. parviflorum Ledeb.; Fl. Altaic. 1: 440 (1829)
species :
Linum virginianum L.; Sp. Pl. 279 (1753)
Name: Woodland flax
Distribution: South Korea [I]; Japan [I] (Honshu [I]); Canada (Ontario); USA (Alabama, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Georgia, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Missouri, North Carolina, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia)
38 jap kor 72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cathartolinum virginianum (L.) Rchb.; Handb. Nat. Pfl.-Syst.: 307 (1837)
= Linum virginianum var. microcarpum Planch.; London J. Bot. 7: 480 (1848)
= Nezera virginiana (L.) Nieuwl.; Am. Midl. Nat. 3: 152 (1913)
species :
Linum virgultorum Planch.; London J. Bot. 7: 172 (1848)
Name: Buschiger Lein (DE); Bushy Flax (EN)
Distribution: Greece; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia)
13 GRC 34 EAI TUR
species :
Linum viscosum L.; Sp. Pl. ed. 2: 398 (1762)
Name: Klebriger Lein (DE)
Distribution: Germany (Bayern); Austria; Spain (mountains); Andorra; France; Italy; San Marino; Slovenia; Croatia
11 AUT GER 12 ADO FRA SPA 13 CRO ITA SLV SMA
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum hirsutum DC.; J. B. A. M. de Lamarck & A. P. de Candolle, Fl. Franç., éd. 3 4: 800 (1805)
= Linum hirsutum var. viscosum (L.) Jess.; 264 (1879)
= Linum sylvestre Scop.; Fl. Carniol., ed. 2, 1: 229 (1771)
= Linum venustum Andrews; Bot. Repos. 7: t. 477 (1807)
= Linum viscosum f. silvestre (Scop.) Vollm.; 497 (1914)
species :
Linum volkensii Engl.; Pflanzenw. Ost-Afr. C 226 (1895)
Distribution: Cameroon; E-D.R.Congo [Zaire]; S-Ethiopia; NE-Somalia; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; N-Malawi; N-Mozambique
23 CMN ZAI 24 ETH SOM 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 MLW MOZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Linum gallicum var. holstii Engl.
= Linum gallicum var. sieberi Planch.
= Linum holstii Engl. ex R.Wilczek; Bull. Jard. Bot. État Bruxelles 25: 311 (1955)
= Linum trigynum var. sieberi (Planch.) Cufod.
species :
Linum vuralianum Yilmaz & Kaynak; Bot. J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. 156(3): 459 (2008)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Linum westii C.M.Rogers; Brittonia 15: 114 (1963)
Name: West´s flax
Distribution: USA (Florida)
78 USA
species :
Linum ×vanense Azn.; Magyar Bot. Lapok 16: 11 (1917 publ. 1918)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: flavum agg.
Loading ...

A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 19.4 (June 30th, 2024)

Covering 355,230 accepted species,
8,675 hybrids, 47,796 accepted infraspecific taxa and 997,888 synonyms,
in total 1,409,589* names

[*about 25,000 dubious, "unplaced" names and about 4,000 invalid names (Art. 24.3) like "typicus" are deliberately omitted]


With complete, detailed distribution data (countries and regions) and literature references

Arranged in linear phylogenetic sequence reflecting true relationships

Fully searchable and continously updated

With 38,209 pictures of 15,787 species

Assembled through 40 years independently from other databases

In cooperation with Catalogue of Life