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Ver. 18.4
Feb. 11th, 2024

345.0000 Family Brassicaceae Burnett; Outlines Bot.: 854, 1093, 1123 (1835), nom. cons.
339 genera, ca. 4050 spp. Updated phylogeny see Hendriks et al. (2022) and German et al. (2023)
Species listed in database: 4071; hybrids: 100
= Arabidaceae Döll; Rhein. Fl.: 573 (1843)
= Cruciferae Juss.; Gen. Pl. 237 (1789), nom. cons.
= Drabaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 215 (1820)
= Erysimaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 238 (1820)
= Isatidaceae Döll; Fl. Baden 3: 1310 (1861)
= Raphanaceae Horan.; Char. Ess. Fam.: 169 (1847)
= Schizopetalaceae A.Juss.; V. V. D. d´Orbigny, Dict. Univ. Hist. Nat. 11: 419 (1848)
= Sisymbriaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 583 (1820)
= Stanleyaceae Nutt.; J. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 7: 85 (1834)
= Thlaspiaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 633 (1820)
345.6102 Genus Lobularia Desv.; J. Bot. Agric. 3: 172 (1815)
Distribution: Macaronesia, S-Europe, NW-Africa, Middle East to Iran, China
Species listed in database: 4
= Adyseton Adans.; Fam. Pl. (Adans.) 2: 420 (1763)
= Glyce Lindl.; Syn. Brit. Fl.: 26 (1829), nom. superfl.
= Koniga R.Br.; Narr. Travels Africa [Denham & Clapperton] 214 (1826)
= Octadenia R.Br. ex Fisch. & C.A.Mey.; Ind. Sem. Hort. Petrop. 3: 41 (1836)
species :
Lobularia arabica (Boiss.) Muschl.; Man. Fl. Eg. 421 (1912)
Distribution: Crete; Libya; Egypt (NE-Egypt, NW-coastal Egypt); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Negev Desert); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, N-Sinai, S-Sinai)
13 KRI 20 EGY LBY 34 ISR SIN
Synonyms: hidden
= Alyssum arabicum (Boiss.) T.Durand & Schinz; Conspect. Fl. Afr. 1(2): 86 (1898)
= Koniga arabica Boiss.; Diagn. ser. 1, 8: 26 (1849)
= Koniga maritima var. arabica (Boiss.) Rouy; Rev. Sci. Nat. (Montpellier), sér. 3, 3: 74 (1883)
species :
Lobularia canariensis (DC.) L.Borgen; Op. Bot. 91: 66 (1987)
subspecies :
subsp. canariensis
Distribution: Canary Isl. (Gran Canaria, Tenerife)
21 CNY
Synonyms: hidden
= Alyssum canariense (DC.) Delile ex Webb & Berthel.; Phyt. Canar. 1: 91 (1836)
= Alyssum maritimum var. canariense DC.; Syst. Nat. [DC.] 2: 319 (1821)
= Koniga canariensis (DC.) Sweet; Hort. Brit. ed. II. 25 (1830)
= Koniga maritima var. canariensis (DC.) Rouy; Rev. Sci. Nat. (Montpellier), sér. 3, 3: 74 (1883)
= Lobularia intermedia var. elongata Pit.; Iles Canaries [Pit. & Proust]: 99 (1909)
subspecies :
subsp. fruticosa (Webb) L.Borgen; Op. Bot. 91: 70 (1987)
Distribution: Cape Verde Isl. (Santo Antao Isl., Ilha de Sao Nicolau, Ilha de Sao Tiago, Fogo, Ilha Brava)
21 CVI
Synonyms: hidden
= Koniga fruticosa Webb ex Christ; Bot. Jahrb. 9: 93 (1888)
= Koniga vogeliana Webb ex Christ; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 9: 92 (1887)
= Lobularia fruticosa (Webb ex Christ) Rivas Mart., Lousã, J.C.Costa & Maria C.Duarte; Int. J. Geobot. Res. 7: 22 (2017)
subspecies :
subsp. intermedia (Webb) L.Borgen; Op. Bot. 91: 73 (1987)
Distribution: Canary Isl. (Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro, La Palma Isl., Gran Canaria)
21 CNY
Synonyms: hidden
= Alyssum intermedium (Webb) T.Durand & Schinz; Conspect. Fl. Afr. 1(2): 87 (1898)
= Alyssum maritimum var. intermedium (Webb) A.Chev.; Rev. Bot. Appl. Agric. Trop. 15: 989 (1955)
= Koniga gracilis (Webb) Christ; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 9: 91 (1887)
= Koniga intermedia Webb; Hook. Lond. J. Bot. 5: (1846) 192. t. 6
= Lobularia intermedia var. argyrea Pit.; Iles Canaries [Pit. & Proust]: 99 (1909)
= Lobularia intermedia var. brunonis Webb ex Christ; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 9: 91 (1888)
= Lobularia intermedia var. gracilis Webb; Hist. Nat. Iles Canaries (Phytogr.) 3(1) 1: 92 (1837)
= Lobularia intermedia var. intricata Pit.; Iles Canaries [Pit. & Proust]: 100 (1909)
= Lobularia intermedia var. normalis Webb & Berthel. ex Christ; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 9: 91 (1888)
= Lobularia intermedia var. subspinescens Pit.; Iles Canaries [Pit. & Proust]: 100 (1909)
= Lobularia intermedia Webb; Webb & Berthel., Hist. Nat. Iles Canaries 3(2
subspecies :
subsp. marginata (Webb) L.Borgen; Op. Bot. 91: 75 (1987)
Distribution: SW-Morocco; Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura)
20 MOR 21 CNY
Synonyms: hidden
= Alyssum marginatum (Webb ex Coss.) Durand & Schinz; Conspect. Fl. Afr. 1(2): 88 (1898) non Steud.
= Koniga marginata Webb; Bourg. Pl. Canar. exsicc. (1846)) ex Coss., Fl. Atlant. 1: 63, t. 43 (1889)
= Koniga marginata Webb ex Coss.; Illustr. Fl. Atlant. 1: 63 (1884)
= Lobularia marginata (Webb ex Coss.) Christ; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 9: 92 (1888)
= Lobularia marginata var. bollei Christ; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 9: 92 (1887)
subspecies :
subsp. microsperma L.Borgen; Op. Bot. 91: 77 (1987)
Distribution: Canary Isl. (Gran Canaria, Tenerife)
21 CNY
subspecies :
subsp. palmensis (Christ) L.Borgen; Op. Bot. 91: 77 (1987)
Distribution: Canary Isl. (Tenerife, La Palma Isl.)
21 CNY
Synonyms: hidden
= Lobularia palmensis Webb ex Christ; Bot. Jahrb. 9: 92 (1888)
= Lobularia intermedia var. palmensis (Webb ex Christ) Pit.; Iles Canaries [Pit. & Proust]: 99 (1909)
subspecies :
subsp. rosula-venti (Svent.) L.Borgen; Op. Bot. 91: 80 (1987)
Distribution: Islas Selvagens
21 SEL
Synonyms: hidden
= Lobularia maritima var. rosula-venti Svent.; Index Sem. Hort. Acclim. Pl. Arautap.: 58 (1969)
subspecies :
subsp. spathulata (J.A.Schmidt) L.Borgen; Op. Bot. 91: (1987)
Distribution: Cape Verde Isl. (Sao Vicente Isl., Ilha de Sao Nicolau)
21 CVI
Synonyms: hidden
= Koniga spathulata J.A.Schmidt; Beitr. Fl. Cap. Verd. Ins. 266 (1852)
= Lobularia spathulata (J.A.Schmidt) A.Braun; Index Seminum (B, Berolinensis) 1859: 12 (1860)
= Lobularia spathulata (J.A.Schmidt) O.E.Schulz; Engl. & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. Aufl. 2, 17b: 495 (1936), isonym
subspecies :
subsp. succulenta L.Borgen; Op. Bot. 91: 80 (1987)
Distribution: Islas Selvagens
21 SEL
species :
Lobularia lybica (Viv.) Webb & Berthel.; Phyt. Canar. 1: 90 (1836)
Name: Libysches Silberkraut (DE); Hierba de la rabiacamosilla (ES)
Distribution: Germany [I]; S-Spain; ?Baleares; Greece (Kiklades: Thira); Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt (Great Southwestern Desert, NE-Egypt, NW-coastal Egypt); Madeira (Porto Santo Isl.); Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro, La Palma Isl.); Iran (S-Iran); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Negev Desert, Judean Desert); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, N-Sinai); Jordania (S-Jordania); Saudi Arabia
11 ger 12 SPA 13 GRC 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 21 CNY MDR 34 IRN ISR JOR SIN 35 SAU
Synonyms: hidden
= Alyssum draba Webb & Berthel.; Hist. Nat. Iles Canaries 3(2
= Alyssum lybicum (Viv.) Coss.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 4: 467 (1857)
= Draba nummularia Ehrenb. ex Webb & Berthel.; Hist. Nat. Iles Canaries 3(2
= Farsetia lybica (Viv.) Spreng.; Syst. 2: 871 (1821)
= Koniga lybica (Viv.) R.Br.; Observ. Pl. Denham & Clapp. Exp. Afr. App. 214, 215 (1826)
= Koniga maritima var. major Rouy; Rev. Sci. Nat. (Montpellier), sér. 3, 3: 74 (1883)
= Koniga nummularia Heynh.; Nom. Bot. Hort.: 439 (1841)
= Lobularia lybica (Viv.) Meisn.; Gen. Comm. 11 (1837) (libyka)
= Lobularia nummularia Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 2: 64 (1841)
= Lunaria libyca Viv.; Fl. Libyc. Spec.: 34 (1824)
= Meniocus ehrenbergii C.Presl; Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss., ser. 5, 3: 439 (1845)
= Octadenia lybica (Viv.) R.Br. ex Fisch. & C.A.Mey.; Ind. Sem. Hort. Petrop. 3: 41 (1836)
species :
Lobularia maritima (L.) Desv.; Jour. Bot. Appl. 3: 162 (1814)
subspecies :
subsp. maritima
Name: Strand-Silberkraut, Duft-Steinrich (DE); Sweet alyssum (EN); Mastuerzo marino (ES)
Distribution: England [I]; Denmark [I]; Norway [I]; Netherlands [I]; Belgium [I]; Germany [I]; Switzerland [I]; Liechtenstein [I]; Austria [I]; Slovakia [I]; Hungary [I]; Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; Baleares; France; +Monaco; Channel Isl. [I]; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Pantelleria; Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); Slovenia; Croatia; Macedonia; Albania [I]; Romania [I]; Greece [I] (incl. Kiklades [I]); Estonia [I]; Estonia [I]; Latvia [I]; Lithuania [I]; Belarus [I]; European Russia [I]; Crimea [I]; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt [I]; Azores (Santa Maria Isl., Sao Miguel Isl., Terceira, Graciosa, Sao Jorge, Pico, Faial, Flores Isl.); Madeira (Madeira Isl.); Canary Isl. (Gran Canaria, Tenerife, Hierro, La Palma); Cape Verde Isl. (Santo Antao Isl.); São Tomé [I]; South Africa [I]; Mauritius [I]; Siberia [I] (Altai [I]); Northern Caucasus [I]; Georgia [Caucasus] [I]; Armenia [I]; Azerbaijan [I]; East Aegaean Isl. [I] (incl. Rhodos [I]); Turkey [I] (NW-Anatolia: Bithynia [I]); Cyprus [I] (C-Mountains [I], N-Cyprus [I]); Lebanon [I]; Sinai peninsula [I]; Saudi Arabia [I]; China [I] (Gansu [I], Hebei [I], Jiangsu [I], Shaanxi [I], Shandong [I], Shanxi [I], Xinjiang [I], Zhejiang [I]); South Korea [I]; Taiwan [I]; Pakistan [I]; India [c]; Bangladesh [I]; Myanmar [I]; Java [I]; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); Lord Howe Isl. [I]; Norfolk Isl. [I]; New Zealand [I]; Chatham Isl. [I]; New Caledonia [I]; Niue [I]; Fiji [I]; Austral Isl. [I] (Tubuai [I]); Pitcairn Isl. [I]; Marshall Isl. [I] (Kwajalein [I]); Hawaii [I] (Kure Isl. [I], Midway Isl. [I], Oahu [I], Molokai [I], Maui [I], Hawaii Isl. [I]); Canada [I] (British Columbia [I], Nova Scotia [I], Ontario [I], Quebec [I]); USA [I] (Arizona [I], California [I], Connecticut [I], Delaware [I], Florida [I], Georgia [I], Illinois [I], Indiana [I], Iowa [I], Louisiana [I], Maine [I], Maryland [I], Massachusetts [I], Michigan [I], Mississippi [I], New Hampshire [I], New Jersey [I], New York [I], North Carolina [I], Ohio [I], Oregon [I], Pennsylvania [I], Rhode Island [I], South Carolina [I], Texas [I], Utah [I], Vermont [I], Washington State [I]); Mexico [I]; Guatemala [I]; El Salvador [I]; Honduras [I]; Dominican Republic [I]; Haiti [I]; Colombia [I]; Ecuador [I]; Peru [I]; Bolivia [I]; Uruguay [I]; Argentina [I]; Chile [I] (Tarapacá [I], Antofagasta [I], Coquimbo [I], Valparaíso [I], Metropolitana de Santiago [I], O´Higgins [I], Maule [I], Biobío [I], Araucanía [I], Los Rios [I], Los Lagos [I])
10 den grb nor 11 aut bgm ger hun lie net slo swi 12 BAL cis COR FRA GIB MCO POR SAR SPA 13 alb CRO grc ITA NMA PEL PTL rom SIC SLV 14 blr est kry lat lit rus 20 ALG egy LBY MOR TUN 21 AZO CNY CVI MDR 23 sao 27 saf 29 mau 30 sib 33 arm aze geo ncs 34 cyp eai leb sin tur 35 sau 36 chi 38 kor tai 40 ban ind pak 41 mya 42 jaw 50 aus lhi nfk 51 ctm nzl 60 fij nue nwc 61 aui pit 62 mrs 63 haw 71 cdn 72 cdn 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa 79 mex 80 els gua hon 81 his 82 clm 83 bol ecu per 85 arg cle uru
Synonyms: hidden
= Adyseton halimifolium Link; Enum. Hort. Berol. Alt. 2: 157 (1822)
= Adyseton maritimum (L.) Link; Enum. Hort. Berol. Alt. 2: 157 (1822)
= Adyseton orbiculare Bubani; Fl. Pyren. 3: 207 (1901)
= Alyssum benthamii Bosse; Vollst. Handb. Bl.-Gärtn., ed. 2, 5: 25 (1854)
= Alyssum halimifolium (All.) Willd.; Sp. Pl. ed. 4. 3: 460 (1800), nom. illeg.
= Alyssum halimifolium L.; Sp. Pl. 650 (1753)
= Alyssum maritimum (L.) Lam.; Encycl. [Lam.] 1(1): 98 (1783)
= Alyssum maritimum f. argentatum Font Quer; Bol. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 19: 270 (1924)
= Alyssum maritimum f. crassifolium Font Quer; Bol. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 19: 270 (1919)
= Alyssum maritimum f. densiflorum (Lange) Briq.; Prodr. Fl. Corse 2(1): 63 (1913)
= Alyssum maritimum f. densiflorum (Lange) Samp.; Fl. Portugal, ed. 2: 242 (1947), nom. superfl.
= Alyssum maritimum f. virescens Font Quer; Bol. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 19: 270 (1919)
= Alyssum maritimum var. densiflorum Lange; Pug. Pl. Hispan.: 263 (1861)
= Alyssum maritimum var. humbertianum Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 26: 186 (1935)
= Alyssum maritimum var. lepidioides Ball; Spicil. Fl. Marocc.: 321 (1877)
= Alyssum minimum L.; Sp. Pl. 651 (1753)
= Alyssum odoratum Voss; Vilm. Blumengärtn. ed. 3. 1: 77 (1894)
= Alyssum strigulosum Amo; Fl. Iber. 6: 571 (1873)
= Anodontea halimifolia (DC.) Sweet; Hort. Brit. (Sweet) 467 (1826)
= Clypeola halimifolia Link; Handbuch 2: 295 (1831)
= Clypeola maritima L.; Sp. Pl. 652 (1753)
= Crucifera koniga E.H.L.Krause; Sturm, Fl. Deutschland, ed. 2, 6: 70 (1902), nom. illeg.
= Draba maritima (L.) Lam.; Fl. Franc. (Lam.) 2: 461 (1779)
= Glyce maritima (L.) Lindl.; Syn. Brit. Fl. 26 (1829)
= Koniga halimifolia (All.) Rchb.; Fl. Germ. Excurs. 2: 669 (1832)
= Koniga maritima (L.) Britton; Mem. Torr. Bot. Club 5: 175 (1894)
= Koniga maritima (L.) R.Br.; App. Denh. & Clapp. Narr. Exp. Afr. 2: 214 (1826)
= Koniga maritima (L.) Sm.; Sibth. & Sm., Fl. Graec. 7: 19 (1831)
= Koniga maritima var. densiflora (Lange) Rouy; Rev. Sci. Nat. (Montpellier), sér. 3, 3: 74 (1883)
= Koniga maritima var. foliis-variegatis R.Br. ex André; Pl. Feuill. Ornem.: 179 (1866)
= Koniga maritima var. rubescens Rouy; Rev. Sci. Nat. (Montpellier), sér. 3, 3: 74 (1883)
= Koniga maritima var. strigulosa (Kunze) Rouy; Rev. Sci. Nat. (Montpellier), sér. 3, 3: 75 (1883)
= Koniga maroccana Gand.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 55(7): 566 (1908)
= Koniga strigulosa Nyman; Syll. Fl. Eur.: 200 (1855)
= Lepidium angustifolium Rusby; Descr. S. Amer. Pl.: 23 (1920)
= Lepidium fragrans Willd.; Roem. & Usteri, Mag. 4: (1790) 11tes St. 36
= Lobularia halimifolia (All.) Bluff, Nees & Schauer; Comp. Fl. German., ed. alt. 2: 13 (1838)
= Lobularia maritima f. densiflora (Lange) Maire; Fl. Afrique N. 13: 254 (1967)
= Lobularia maritima f. humbertiana (Maire) Maire; Fl. Afrique N. 13: 254 (1967)
= Lobularia maritima f. rubescens (Domac) Trinajstic; Suppl. Fl. Anal. Jugosl. 8(3-11): 9 (1982)
= Lobularia maritima f. variegata Thell.; 448 (1919)
= Lobularia maritima var. densiflora Lange; Vidensk. Meddel. Naturhist. Foren. Kjøbenhavn 1865: 263 (1865)
= Lobularia maritima var. rubescens Domac; Phyton (Horn) 6: 16 (1955)
= Lobularia strigulosa Willk.; Willk. & Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 3: 837 (1880)
= Lunaria halimifolia All.; Fl. Pedem. 1: 245 (1785)
= Octadenia maritima (L.) Fisch. & C.A.Mey.; Ind. Sem. Hort. Petrop. 3: 41 (1836)
= Ptilotrichum strigulosum (Willk.) Kunze; Flora 29: 683 (1846)
subspecies :
subsp. columbretensis R.Fern.; An. Jard. Bot. Madrid 49(2): 314 (1991 publ. 1992)
Distribution: Spain (Islas Columbretes)
12 SPA
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A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 18.4 (Feb. 11th, 2024)

Covering 354,025 accepted species,
9,095 hybrids, 47,879 accepted infraspecific taxa and 995,101 synonyms,
in total 1,406,100* names

[*about 25,000 dubious, "unplaced" names and about 4,000 invalid names (Art. 24.3) like "typicus" are deliberately omitted]


With complete, detailed distribution data (countries and regions) and literature references

Arranged in linear phylogenetic sequence reflecting true relationships

Fully searchable and continously updated

With 38,290 pictures of 15,532 species

Assembled through 40 years independently from other databases

In cooperation with Catalogue of Life