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Ver. 18.4
Feb. 11th, 2024

267.0000 Family Moraceae Gaudin; C. B. Trinius, Gen. Pl.: 13 (1835), nom. cons.
51 genera, ca. 1200 spp. Phylogeny: Cole et al. (Phylogeny Poster) (2020)
Species listed in database: 1265; hybrids: 2
= Artocarpaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 260 (1820)
= Dorsteniaceae Chevall.; Fl. Gén. Env. Paris 2: 376 (1827)
= Ficaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 260 (1820)
267.0301 Genus Maclura Nutt.; Gen. N. Amer. Pl. 2: 233 (1818) nom. cons.
Distribution: pantropics, North America (1). Cudrania is frequently treated as separate genus.
Species listed in database: 12
= Cardiogyne Bureau; Prodr. [A. DC.] 17: 232 (1873)
= Chlorophora Gaudich.; Freyc. Voy. Bot. 508, in nota (1826)
= Cudrania Trécul; Ann. Sci. Nat. Ser. III. 8: 122, t. 3 (1847)
= Fusticus Raf.; New Fl. Am. 3: 43 (1836)
= Plecospermum Trécul; Ann. Sci. Nat. Ser. III. 8: 124, t. 4 (1847)
= Sukaminea Raf.; New Fl. Am. 3: 44 (1836)
= Toxylon Raf.; Am. Monthly Mag. 4: 188 (1818)
= Vanieria Lour.; Fl. Cochinch. 1: 564 (1790)
= xMacludrania André; Rev. Hort. (Paris) 77: 362 (1905)
species :
Maclura africana (Bureau) Corner; Gard. Bull. Singapore 19: 237 (1962)
Distribution: SE-Kenya; Tanzania; Zambia; Malawi; Zimbabwe; Mozambique; South Africa (Limpopo, Mpulamanga)
25 KEN TAN 26 MLW MOZ ZAM ZIM 27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Milicia spinosa Sim; For. Fl. Port. E. Afr. 98 (1909)
= Cardiogyne africana Bureau; Prodr. [A. DC.] 17: 233 (1873)
species :
Maclura andamanica (Hook.f.) C.C.Berg; Proc. Kon. Nederl. Akad. Wetensch., C 89(3): 245 (1986)
Distribution: India [c] (West Bengal [c]); Andaman Isl.; Myanmar (Mon, Taninthayi); Thailand; Vietnam
40 ind 41 AND MYA THA VIE
Synonyms: hidden
= Placospermum andamanicum King ex Hook.f.; Fl. Brit. Ind. 5: 491 (1888)
= Cudrania poilanei Gagnep.; Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 72: 808 (1925 publ. 1926)
species :
Maclura brasiliensis (Mart.) Endl.; Gen. Suppl. 4: II. 34 (1848)
Distribution: Honduras; Venezuela (Monagas); Peru; Bolivia (Beni, Santa Cruz); SE-Brazil (Rio de Janeiro)
80 HON 82 VEN 83 BOL PER 84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Broussonetia brasiliensis Mart.; Flora 24: Beibl. 10 (1841)
= Chlorophora brasiliensis (Mart.) Standl. ex J.F.Macbr.; Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Chicago, Bot. Ser. 13: II. 310 (1937)
= Chlorophora scandens Standl. & L.O.Williams; Ceiba 1: 77 (1950)
species :
Maclura cochinchinensis (Lour.) Corner; Gard. Bull. Singapore 19: 239 (1962)
Distribution: China (Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang); SE-Tibet; Japan (Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu); Ryukyu Isl.; Nepal; Bhutan; India (Assam, Bihar, Northeast, Odisha, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, West Bengal); Sri Lanka; Bangladesh; Andaman Isl. (South Andamans); Myanmar (Kachin, Mandalay, Sagaing, Bago, Mon, Yangon); Thailand; Laos; Cambodia; Vietnam; peninsular Malaysia (Perak, Pahang, Perlis, Kedah, Penang); Sumatra; Sulawesi; Palawan; Philippines (Luzon, Mindanao); Java; Lesser Sunda Isl. (Bali, etc.); Moluccas; Christmas Isl. [Austr.]; New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea); Bismarck Arch. (New Britain); Solomon Isl.; Australia (Cape York Peninsula, Queensland, S to Milton, New South Wales); New Caledonia
36 CHI TIB 38 JAP NNS 40 BAN BHU IND NEP SRL 41 AND CBD LAO MYA THA VIE 42 JAW LSI MLY MOL NWG PHI PLW SUL SUM XMS 43 BIS SOL 50 AUS 60 NWC
Synonyms: hidden
= Broussonetia tinctoria Blanco; Fl. Filip. ed. II. 488 (1845) non (L.) Kunth
= Cudrania acuminata Miq.; Zoll., Syst. Verz. Ind. Archip. 2: 90 (1854)
= Cudrania amboinensis (Blume) Miq.; Fl. Ned. Ind. 1(2): 290 (1859)
= Cudrania cambodiana Gagnep.; Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 72: 808 (1925 publ. 1926)
= Cudrania cochinchinensis (Lour.) Kudô & Masam.; Ann. Rep. Taihoku Bot. Gard. 2: 27 (1932), Merr. in Trans. Amer. Phil.-Soc., n. s. 24: 11. 134 (1935)
= Cudrania cochinchinensis var. gerontogea (Siebold & Zucc.) Kudô & Masam.; (1932)
= Cudrania grandifolia Merr.; Philipp. J. Sci. 18: 52 (1921)
= Cudrania integra F.T.Wang & Tang; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 1: 127 (1951), reimpr.
= Cudrania javanensis Trécul; Ann. Sci. Nat. Ser. III. 8: 123 (1847)
= Cudrania javanensis var. bancroftii F.M.Bailey; Syn. Queensl. Fl.: 491 (1883)
= Cudrania javanensis var. indica Trécul; Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot., Ser. 3, 8: 123 (1847)
= Cudrania jingdongensis S.S.Chang; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 22(1): 64 (1984)
= Cudrania obovata Trécul; Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot., Ser. 3, 8: 126 (1847)
= Cudrania pubescens Trécul; Ann. Sci. Nat. Ser. III. 8: 125 (1847)
= Cudrania rectispina Hance; J. Bot. 14: 365 (1876)
= Cudrania rumphii Thwaites; Enum. Pl. Zeyl.: 262 (1861)
= Cudrania spinosa (Blume) Hochr.; Bull. N. Y. Bot. Gard. 6: 271 (1910)
= Cudrania sumatrana Miq.; Pl. Jungh. 44 (1851)
= Cudrania thorelii Gagnep.; Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 72: 810 (1925 publ. 1926)
= Cudranus spinosus Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 625 (1891)
= Maclura amboinensis Blume; Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 2: 84(1857)
= Maclura amboinensis var. paucinervia Corner; Gard. Bull. Singapore 19: 239 (1962)
= Maclura calcar-galli Lodd. ex Voigt; Hort. Suburb. Calcutt.: 291 (1845), nomen
= Maclura cochinchinensis var. bancroftii (F.M.Bailey) Corner; Gard. Bull. Singapore 19: 239 (1962)
= Maclura cochinchinensis var. gerontogea (Siebold & Zucc.) S.S.Ying; Colourtr. Pl. Taiwan, Pt. 3, Colourtr. Ligneous Pl. Taiwan 1: 382 (1987)
= Maclura cochinchinensis var. pubescens (Trécul) Corner; Gard. Bull. Singapore 19: 239 (1962)
= Maclura gerontogea Siebold & Zucc.; Abhandl. Akad. Muench. 4: III. 220 (1846)
= Maclura javanica Blume; Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 2: 83, t. 31(1857)
= Maclura pubescens (Trécul) Z.K.Zhou & M.G.Gilbert; Fl. China 5: 36 (2003)
= Maclura thorelii (Gagnep.) Corner; Gard. Bull. Singapore 19: 240 (1962)
= Maclura timorensis Blume; Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 2: 84(1857)
= Morus calcar-galli A.Cunn. ex Loudon; Arbor. Frutic. Brit. 3: 1361 (1838), nomen
= Morus cudranus Buch.-Ham. ex Wall.; Numer. List no. 4643 (1831)
= Morus tinctoria Blanco; Fl. Filip. ed. I. 704 (1837) non L.
= Plecospermum cuneifolium Thwaites; Hook. Kew J. 6: 303 (1854)
= Plecospermum spinosum var. javanensis Trécul; Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot., Ser. 3, 8: 125 (1847)
= Procris cochinchinensis (Lour.) Spreng.; Syst. Veg. 3: 846 (1826)
= Trophis fruticosa Hook. & Arn.; Bot. Beechey Voy.: 215 (1837)
= Trophis spinosa Blume; Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 489 (1826) non Willd. nec Roxb.
= Vanieria alternifolia Stokes; Bot. Mad. Med. 4: 381 (1812)
= Vanieria cochinchinensis Lour.; Fl. Cochinch. 2: 564 (1790)
= Vanieria cochinchinensis var. gerontogea (Siebold & Zucc.) Nakai; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 41: 516 (1927)
= Vanieria pubescens (Trécul) Chun; J. Arnold Arbor. 8: 21 (1927)
species :
Maclura fruticosa (Roxb.) Corner; Gard. Bull. Singapore 19: 239 (1962)
Distribution: China (S-Yunnan); NE-India (Assam, Meghalaya); Bangladesh; Myanmar (Bago, Mandalay, Mon, Taninthayi); Thailand; Vietnam
36 CHI 40 BAN IND 41 MYA THA VIE
Synonyms: hidden
= Batis fruticosa Roxb.; Fl. Ind. ed. 1832 3: 763 (1832)
= Cudrania fruticosa (Roxb.) Wight ex Kurz; Forest Fl. Burma 2: 434 (1877)
= Vanieria fruticosa (Roxb.) Chun; J. Arnold Arbor. 8: 21 (1927)
species :
Maclura mollis (Fernald) Carvajal; Ibugana 3: 82 (2012)
Distribution: Mexico
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Chlorophora mollis Fernald; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 40: 52 (1904)
species :
Maclura montana Z.P.Lei, G.Y.Li & Z.H.Chen; J. Zhejiang Forest. Sci. Technol. 40(6): 62 (2020)
Distribution: China (Zhejiang)
36 CHI
species :
Maclura orientalis G.Y.Li, W.Y.Xie & Z.H.Chen; J. Zhejiang Forest. Sci. Technol. 40(5): 56 (2020)
Distribution: China (Zhejiang)
36 CHI
species :
Maclura pomifera (Raf. ex Sarg.) C.K.Schneid.; Handb. Laubholzk. 1: 806 (1906)
Name: Osage orange (EN); Apfelfrüchtiger Osagedorn (DE); Naranjero de los Osages (ES)
Distribution: Austria [c]; Hungary [I]; Italy [I]; Sicily [I]; Croatia [c]; Bosnia & Hercegovina [I]; Serbia; Kosovo [c]; Romania [I]; Greece [c]; European Russia [I]; Ukraine [I]; Crimea [c]; Morocco [c]; Algeria [c]; Canary Isl. [I] (Gran Canaria [I]); Kazakhstan [I]; Turkmenistan [I]; Uzbekistan [I]; Northern Caucasus [I]; Transcaucasus [c]; Pakistan [I]; India [c]; Australia [I] (Queensland [I], New South Wales [I]); New Zealand [I]; Canada (Ontario); USA (Alabama, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Michigan, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, Nebraska, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Washington State, Wisconsin, West Virginia); Mexico (Coahuila); Honduras
11 aut hun 13 bih cro grc ita kos rom sic SRB 14 kry rus ukr 20 alg mor 21 cny 32 kaz tkm uzb 33 ncs 40 ind pak 50 aus 51 nzl 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX 80 HON
Synonyms: hidden
= Ioxylon pomiferum Raf. ex Koehne; Deutsche Dendrol. 139 (1893)
= Joxylon pomiferum Raf.; Am. Monthly Mag. 2: 118 (1817)
= Maclura aurantiaca Nutt.; Gen. N. Amer. Pl. (Nutt.). 2: 234 (1818)
= Maclura aurantiaca var. inermis André; Rev. Hort. (Paris) 68: 33 (1896)
= Maclura pomifera f. inermis (André) Schelle; Beissner et al., Handb. Laubholzben.: 92 (1903)
= Maclura pomifera var. inermis (André) C.K.Schneid.; Ill. Handb. Laubholzk. 2: 905 (1912)
= Toxylon pomiferum Raf. ex Sarg.; North Am. Sylv. 7: 89 (1895)
species :
Maclura spinosa (Roxb. ex Willd.) C.C.Berg; Proc. Kon. Nederl. Akad. Wetensch., C 89(3): 245 (1986)
Distribution: India (Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu); Sri Lanka; Andaman / Nicobar Isl.
40 IND SRL
Synonyms: hidden
= Batis aurantiaca Wall. ex Thwaites; Enum. Pl. Zeyl. 263 (1859)
= Batis spinosa (Willd.) Roxb.; [Hort. Bengal.: 71 (1814), nomen]
= Cudrania spinosa (Roxb. ex Willd.) Koord.; Exkursionsfl. Java 2: 90 (1912)
= Plecospermum spinosum (Willd.) Trécul; Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 3, 8: 124 (1847)
= Trophis aculeata Roth; Nov. Pl. Sp.: 368 (1821)
= Trophis spinosa Roxb. ex Willd.; Sp. Pl. 4: 734 (1806)
species :
Maclura tinctoria (L.) D.Don ex Steud.; Nom. ed. II. 2: 87 (1841)
Name: Bois d´Orange, Dinde, Fustic, Fustic Tree, Palo Naranjo (Trinidad & Tobago); Escambron de madera, Mora, Palo de mora, Fustictree
Distribution: Mexico (Campeche, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Colima, Durango, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Michoacan, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Puebla, Querétaro, Quintana Roo, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Yucatan); Guatemala; Belize; El Salvador; Honduras; Nicaragua; Costa Rica; Panama; Cuba; Cayman Isl.; Jamaica; Hispaniola; Puerto Rico; Virgin Isl. (St. Croix, St. Thomas); Martinique; St. Lucia; Grenada; Barbados; Tobago; Trinidad; Curacao; Colombia (Amazonas, Antioquia, Atlántico, Bolívar, Boyacá, Caldas, Caquetá, Cesar, Cundinamarca, Huila, La Guajira, Magdalena, Norte de Santander, San Andrés, Providencia y Santa Catalina, Santander, Sucre, Tolima, Valle); Isla Margarita; Venezuela (Aragua, Barinas, Bolívar, Carabobo, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Falcon, Guarico, Lara, Merida, Miranda, Nueva Esparta, Portuguesa, Tachira, Trujillo, Zulia, Yaracuy); Guyana; Ecuador; Peru; Bolivia (Beni, Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, La Paz, Santa Cruz, Tarija); N-Brazil (Pará, Amazonas, Acre, Rondônia); WC-Brazil (Mato Grosso, Brasilia Distrito Federal, Mato Grosso do Sul); NE-Brazil (Maranhao, Piauí, Ceara, Pernambuco, Bahia); SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais, Espirito Santo, Sao Paulo, Rio de Janeiro); S-Brazil (Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina); Paraguay (Alto Paraguay, Alto Paraná, Caazapa, Canindeyu, Central, Concepcion, Cordillera, Guaira, Paraguari); Argentina (Chaco, Corrientes, Formosa, Jujuy, Salta, Formosa, Misiones)
79 MEX 80 BLZ COS ELS GUA HON NIC PAN 81 BBD CAY CUB CUR GRE HIS JAM MAR PUE STL TRT VEN VIR 82 CLM GUY SWC VEN 83 BOL ECU PER 84 BRA 85 ARG PAR
Synonyms: hidden
= Broussonetia plumeri Spreng.; Syst. Veg. ed. 16. 3: 901 (1826)
= Broussonetia tinctoria (L.) Dum.Cours.; Bot. Cult. 3: 686 (1802)
= Broussonetia tinctoria (L.) Kunth; Nov. Gen. et Sp. 2: 32 (1817)
= Broussonetia zanthoxylon (L.) Mart.; Flora 24(2, Beibl.): 10 (1841)
= Chlorophora mora (Griseb.) Lillo; Contrib. Conoc. Arb. Argentina. 63 (1910)
= Chlorophora reticulata (Chodat & Hassl.) Herzog; Meded. Rijks-Herb. 27: 73 (1915)
= Chlorophora tinctoria (L.) Gaudich. ex B.D.Jacks.; Freyc. Voy. Bot. 508, in nota (1826)
= Chlorophora tinctoria f. glabrescens Huber; Bol. Mus. Goeldi Hist. Nat. Ethnogr. 5: 332 (1909)
= Chlorophora tinctoria f. miqueliana (Miq.) Hassl.; Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 21: 114 (1919)
= Chlorophora tinctoria f. ovata (Bureau) Hassl.; Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 21: 115 (1919)
= Chlorophora tinctoria f. polyneura (Miq.) Hassl.; Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 21: 114 (1919)
= Chlorophora tinctoria f. tataiba (Vell.) Hassl.; Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 21: 114 (1919)
= Chlorophora tinctoria subsp. mora (Griseb.) Hassl.; Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 21: 114 (1919)
= Chlorophora tinctoria subsp. zanthoxylon (L.) Hassl.; Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 21: 113 (1919)
= Chlorophora tinctoria var. acuminatissima Huber; Bol. Mus. Goeldi Hist. Nat. Ethnogr. 5: 332 (1909)
= Chlorophora tinctoria var. affinis (Miq.) Hassl.; Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 21: 113 (1919)
= Chlorophora tinctoria var. chlorocarpa (Liebm.) Hemsl.; Biol. Cent.-Amer., Bot. 3: 141 (1883)
= Chlorophora tinctoria var. mora (Griseb.) Lillo; Bol. Mus. Hist. Nat. Tucuman no. 6: 10 (1925)
= Chlorophora tinctoria var. ovata (Bureau) Chodat; Bull. Herb. Boissier, sér. 2, 3: 349 (1903)
= Chlorophora tinctoria var. subintegerrima (Miq.) Hemsl.; Biol. Cent.-Amer., Bot. 3: 141 (1883)
= Chlorophora tinctoria var. xanthoxylon Chodat; Bull. Herb. Boiss. ser. 2, 3: 349 (1903)
= Chlorophora tinctoria var. xanthoxylon Hassl.; Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 21: 114 (1919)
= Chlorophora tinctoria var. zanthoxylon (L.) Hemsl.; Biol. Cent.-Amer., Bot. 3: 141 (1883)
= Fusticus tataiba (Vell.) Raf.; New. Fl. Am. 3: 44, 45 (1836)
= Fusticus tinctoria (L.) Raf.; New. Am. Fl. 3: 44, 45 (1836)
= Fusticus vera Raf.; New. Am. Fl. 3: 44, 45 (1836)
= Fusticus xanthoxylon (L.) Raf.; New. Am. Fl. 3: 44, 45 (1836)
= Ioxylon mora (Griseb.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 3: II. 294 (1898)
= Maclura affinis Miq.; Fl. Bras. (Martius) 4: I. 155 (1853)
= Maclura chlorocarpa Liebm.; Vidensk. Selsk. Skr. V. 2: 314 (1851)
= Maclura mora Griseb.; Abh. Königl. Ges. Wiss. Göttingen 24: 86 (1879)
= Maclura plumerii (Spreng.) D.Don ex Steud.; Nom. ed. II. 2: 87 (1841)
= Maclura polyneura Miq.; Fl. Bras. (Martius) 4: I. 154 (1853)
= Maclura sempervirens Ten.; Cat. Hort. Bot. Nap. 87 (1845)
= Maclura sieberi Blume; Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 2: 83(1857)
= Maclura subintegerrima Miq.; Fl. Bras. (Martius) 4: I. 157 (1853)
= Maclura tinctoria subsp. mora (Griseb.) Vázq.Avila; Darwiniana, 26(1-4): 323 (1985)
= Maclura tinctoria subvar. lobata Bureau; Prodr. [A. DC.] 17: 230 (1873)
= Maclura tinctoria subvar. quercina Bureau; Prodr. [A. DC.] 17: 229 (1873)
= Maclura tinctoria subvar. sinuata Bureau; Prodr. [A. DC.] 17: 229 (1873)
= Maclura tinctoria var. affinis (Miq. ex Mart.) Bureau; DC., Prodr. 17: 230 (1873)
= Maclura tinctoria var. chlorocarpa (Liebm.) Bureau; DC., Prodr. 17: 229 (1873)
= Maclura tinctoria var. ovata Bureau; Prodr. [A. DC.] 17: 229 (1873)
= Maclura tinctoria var. polyneura (Miq.) Bureau; Prodr. [A. DC.] 17: 230 (1873)
= Maclura tinctoria var. subcuneata Bureau; Prodr. [A. DC.] 17: 229 (1873)
= Maclura tinctoria var. subintegerrima (Miq.) Bureau; Prodr. [A. DC.] 17: 229 (1873)
= Maclura tinctoria var. zanthoxylon (L.) Bureau; Prodr. [A. DC.] 17: 230 (1873)
= Maclura trilobata Rojas; Bull. Geogr. Bot. 24: 211 (1914)
= Maclura velutina Blume; Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 2: 82(1857)
= Maclura zanthoxylon (L.) Endl.; Gen. Pl., Suppl. 4(2): 34 (1848)
= Morus brasiliensis Pohl ex Bureau; Prodr. [A. DC.] 17: 230 (1873), nomen
= Morus dioica Crantz; Inst. Rei Herb. 1: 149 (1766)
= Morus plumiera Steud.; Nom. ed. II. 2: 87, 162 (1841), nomen
= Morus spinosa Gaudich.; Voy. Uranie: 508 (1830), in nota
= Morus tataiba Vell.; Fl. Flumin. Icon. 10: t. 21 (1831)
= Morus tatayiba Parodi; Anal. Soc. Cient. Argentina. 5: 91 (1878), Contrib. 39
= Morus tinctoria L.; Sp. Pl. 986 (1753)
= Morus zanthoxylon L.; Syst. Nat. ed. 10. 2: 1267 (1759)
species :
Maclura tricuspidata Carrière; Rev. Hortic. 390 (1864)
Name: Storehousebush
Distribution: China (Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hebei, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Shandong, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang); North Korea; South Korea (incl. Cheju Isl.); Japan [I]; Vietnam; USA [I] (Georgia [I], North Carolina [I])
36 CHI 38 jap KOR NKO 41 VIE 78 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Cudrania tricuspidata (Carrière) Bureau ex Lavallée; Arb. Segrez. 243 (1877)
= Cudrania triloba Hance; J. Bot. 6: 49 (1868)
= Morus integrifolia H.Lév. & Vaniot; Bull. Acad. Geogr. Bot. 17: n. 210-211, p. III. (1907)
= Vanieria tricuspidata (Carrière) Hu; J. Arnold Arbor. 5: 228 (1924)
= Vanieria triloba (Hance) Satake; J. Fac. Sci. Tokyo, Sect. III. Bot. 3: 497 (1931)
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A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 18.4 (Feb. 11th, 2024)

Covering 354,025 accepted species,
9,095 hybrids, 47,879 accepted infraspecific taxa and 995,101 synonyms,
in total 1,406,100* names

[*about 25,000 dubious, "unplaced" names and about 4,000 invalid names (Art. 24.3) like "typicus" are deliberately omitted]


With complete, detailed distribution data (countries and regions) and literature references

Arranged in linear phylogenetic sequence reflecting true relationships

Fully searchable and continously updated

With 38,290 pictures of 15,532 species

Assembled through 40 years independently from other databases

In cooperation with Catalogue of Life