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Ver. 18.4
Feb. 11th, 2024

333.0000 Family Malvaceae Juss.; Gen. Pl. 271 (1789), nom. cons.
249 genera, ca. 5400 spp.
Species listed in database: 5469; hybrids: 40
= Berryaceae Doweld; Tent. Syst. Pl. Vasc.: xxxvii (2001), Family
= Bombacaceae Kunth; Malvac., Büttner., Tiliac.: 5 (1822), nom. cons.
= Brownlowiaceae Cheek; Kew Bull. 61: 443 (2006)
= Byttneriaceae R.Br.; M. Flinders, Voy. Terra Austral. 2: 540 (1814), nom. cons.
= Chiranthodendraceae A.Gray; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 22: 303 (1887)
= Dombeyaceae Desf.; Tabl. Ecole Bot., ed. 3: 252 (1829), nom. cons.
= Durionaceae Cheek; Kew Bull. 61: 443 (2006)
= Grewiaceae Doweld & Reveal; Reveal, Bot. Rev (Lancaster) 71: 100 (2005)
= Helicteraceae J.Agardh; Theoria toSyst. Pl.: 264 (1858), Family
= Hermanniaceae Marquis; Esq. Règne Vég.: 52 (1820)
= Hibiscaceae J.Agardh; Theoria Syst. Pl.: 275 (1858)
= Lasiopetalaceae Rchb.; Mag. Aesth. Bot. 1(2): ad t. 37 (1823)
= Mansoniaceae A.Chev.; Just´s Bot. Jahreber. 38(1): 852 (1913)
= Melochiaceae J.Agardh; Theoria Syst. Pl.: 271 (1858)
= Pentapetaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 222 (1820)
= Philippodendraceae A.Juss.; V. V. D. d´Orbigny, Dict. Univ. Hist. Nat. 9: 735 (1847)
= Plagianthaceae J.Agardh; Theoria Syst. Pl.: 272 (1858)
= Sidaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 222 (1820)
= Sparrmanniaceae J.Agardh; Theoria Syst. Pl. 260 (1858)
= Theobromataceae J.Agardh; Theoria Syst. Pl.: 264 (1858)
= Tiliaceae Juss.; Gen. Pl. 289 (1789), nom. cons., Family
333.8467 Genus Malva L.; Sp. Pl.: 687 (1753)
Distribution: Temperate and subtropical regions of the Old World. Inclusion of Lavatera and Dinacrusa based on PCR results to avoid polyphyly.
Species listed in database: 52; hybrids: 8
= Anthema Medik.; Malv. 42 (1787)
= Axolopha Alef.; Cestr. Bot. Zeitschr. 12: 258 (1862)
= Bismalva Medik.; Malv. 39 (1787)
= Dinacrusa G.Krebs; Feddes Repert. 105(5-6): 299 (1994)
= Lavatera L.; Sp. Pl.: 690 (1753)
= Navaea Webb & Berthel.; Phyt. Canar. 1: 32. t. 1 C (1836)
= Olbia Medik.; Malv. 41 (1787)
= Saviniona Webb & Berthel.; Phyt. Canar. 1: 30 (1836)
= Stegia DC.; Fl. Fr. 4: 835 (1805)
species :
Malva acerifolia (Cav.) Alef.; Österr. Bot. Zeitschr. 12: 258 (1862)
Name: Ahornblättrige Strauchpappel (DE); Malvarrisco rosada (ES)
Distribution: Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, La Palma Isl.)
21 CNY
Synonyms: hidden
= Althaea acerifolia (Cav.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 66 (1891)
= Lavatera acerifolia Cav.; Anal. Cienc. Nat. 6: 339 (1803)
= Lavatera acerifolia var. hariensis Svent.; Addit. Fl. Can. 1: 32 (1960)
= Lavatera phoenicea Willd.; Enum. Pl. Suppl. [Willd.] 49 (1814)
= Malva canariensis M.F.Ray; Novon 8(3): 292 (1998), nom. nov. superfl.
= Saviniona acerifolia (Cav.) Webb & Berthel.; Phyt. Canar. 1: 31 (1836)
species :
Malva aegyptia L.; Sp. Pl. 690 (1753)
Name: Ägyptische Malve (DE); Egyptian Mallow (EN)
Distribution: Spain; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Morocco; Algeria (incl. Hoggar); Tunisia; Libya; Egypt (NW-coastal Egypt); Namibia [I]; South Africa [I] (Free State [I], N-Cape Prov. [I]); Turkmenistan; Azerbaijan (incl. Nachichevan); East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Iraq (NW-Iraq, W-Iraq: Desert); Iran (NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran); Cyprus (E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, C-Mountains, W-Cyprus, S-Cyprus); Lebanon (C-Lebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, NW-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Negev Desert, N-Israel, Judean Desert); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, N-Sinai); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Saudi Arabia (C-Saudi Arabia, NE-Saudi Arabia, N-Saudi Arabia, Nafud Desert, Hejaz, Asir, Nejd Desert)
12 SPA 13 GRC KRI 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 27 nam saf 32 TKM 33 AZE 34 CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SIN SYR 35 SAU
Synonyms: hidden
= Axolopha aegyptia (L.) Alef.; Oesterr. Bot. Zeitschr. 12: 259 (1862)
= Dinacrusa aegyptia (L.) G.Krebs; Feddes Repert. 105(5-6): 304 (1994), without basionym date
= Malva aegyptia subsp. effimbriata Iljin; Bot. Mater. Gerb. Glavn. Bot. Sada R.S.F.S.R. 4: 28 (1923)
= Malva aegyptia subsp. leiocarpa Iljin; Bot. Mater. Gerb. Glavn. Bot. Sada RSFSR 4: 26 (1923)
= Malva aegyptia subsp. mediterranea Iljin; Bot. Mater. Gerb. Glavn. Bot. Sada R.S.F.S.R. 4: 27 (1923)
= Malva aegyptia var. libyca (Pomel) Batt.; Fl. Algerie [Batt. & Trab.] Dicot.: 111 (1888)
= Malva aegyptia var. triphylla Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 20: 175 (1929)
= Malva aegyptiaca Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 2: 93 (1841), orth. var.
= Malva diphylla Moench; Methodus (Moench) 611 (1794)
= Malva effimbriata Iljin; Bot. Mater. Gerb. Glavn. Bot. Sada R.S.F.S.R. 4: 28 (1923)
= Malva elegantifolia Iljin; Bot. Mater. Gerb. Glavn. Bot. Sada R.S.F.S.R. 4: 27 (1923)
= Malva iljinii I.Riedl; Fl. Iranica 120: 16 (1976)
= Malva latisecta Iljin; Bot. Mater. Gerb. Glavn. Bot. Sada R.S.F.S.R. 4: 27 (1923)
= Malva lejocarpa Iljin; Not. Syst. Herb. Hort. Petrop. 4: 26 (1923), non Malva liocarpa Phil. (1893)
= Malva libyca Pomel; Nouv. Mat. Fl. Atl. 2: 344 (1875)
= Malva mediterranea (Iljin) Iljin; Bot. Mater. Gerb. Glavn. Bot. Sada R.S.F.S.R. 4: 27 (1923)
= Malva pichleri Iljin; Bot. Mater. Gerb. Glavn. Bot. Sada R.S.F.S.R. 4: 27 (1923)
variant :
var. armeniaca (Iljin) Maire & Weiller; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 30: 269 (1939)
Distribution: Armenia; Iran (N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan)
33 ARM 34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Malva armeniaca Iljin; Notul. Syst. Herb. Hort. Petrop. 4: 26 (1923)
= Malva aegyptiaca var. armeniaca (Iljin) Pakravan; Iranian J. Bot. 11(2): 249 (2006), isonym
species :
Malva aethiopica C.J.S.Davis; Phytotaxa 13:56 (2010), nom. nov.
Distribution: Ethiopia
24 ETH
Synonyms: hidden
= Lavatera abyssinica Hutch. & E.A.Bruce; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1941: 107 (1941)
species :
Malva agrigentina (Tineo) Soldano, Banfi & Galasso; Atti Soc. Ital. Sci. Nat. Mus. Civico Storia Nat. Milano 146(2): 230 (2005)
Distribution: Italy; Sicily
13 ITA SIC
Remarks: triloba agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Althaea agrigentina (Tineo) Borbás; Magyar Bot. Lap. 2: 302 (1903)
= Lavatera agrigentina Tineo; Pl. Rar. Sicil. Pugill. 1: 13 (1817)
= Lavatera flava var. agrigentina (Tineo) Paol.; Fiori et al., Fl. Anal. Italia 2: 264 (1901)
= Lavatera triloba subsp. agrigentina (Tineo) R.Fern.; Feddes Repert. 74: 20 (1967)
species :
Malva alcea L.; Sp. Pl.: 689 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. alcea
Name: Spitzblatt-Malve, Rosen-Malve, Siegmarswurz (DE); Vervain mallow (EN); Malva monets (ES)
Distribution: Denmark; Norway [I]; Sweden; Finland [I]; Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Spain; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; San Marino; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Romania; Bulgaria; Greece; Estonia [I]; Latvia; Lithuania [I]; Belarus; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; W-European Russia; Ukraine; Canary Isl. [I] (Tenerife [I], Hierro [I]); Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains); Canada [I] (New Brunswick [I], Nova Scotia [I], Ontario [I], Quebec [I], Saskatchewan [I]); USA [I] (Connecticut [I], Indiana [I], Massachusetts [I], Maine [I], Michigan [I], New Hampshire [I], New Jersey [I], New York [I], Ohio [I], Pennsylvania [I], Rhode Island [I], Vermont [I], Wisconsin [I]); Galapagos [I]
10 DEN fin nor SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 COR FRA SAR SPA 13 BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS MNT NMA ROM SLV SMA SRB 14 BLR est LAT lit RUS UKR 21 cny 34 CYP TUR 71 cdn 72 cdn 74 usa 75 usa 83 gal
Synonyms: hidden
= Alcea palmata Gilib.; Fl. Lit. Inch. 1: 65 (1782), opus utique oppr.
= Bismalva alcea (L.) Medik.; Malv. 39 (1787)
= Bismalva fastigiata Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, N. S. 16: 850 (1868)
= Malva abulensis Cav.; Diss.: 76 (1786)
= Malva alcea proles cannabina (J.Serres) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 4: 29 (1897)
= Malva alcea proles fastigiata (Cav.) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 4: 27 (1897)
= Malva alcea proles italica (Pollini) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 4: 28 (1897)
= Malva alcea subsp. bismalva (Bernh. ex Lej.) P.Fourn.; Fl. Compl. Plaine Franç.: 71 (1928)
= Malva alcea subsp. fastigiata (Cav.) Ces.; Car. Catt., 290 (1844)
= Malva alcea subsp. fastigiata (Cav.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 129 (1878)
= Malva alcea subsp. fastigiata (Cav.) O.Bolòs & Vigo; Butl. Inst. Catalana Hist. Nat., Secc. Bot. 38(1): 81 (1974)
= Malva alcea subsp. italica (Pollini) Ces.; Car. Catt., 290 (1844)
= Malva alcea var. bismalva (Bernh. ex Lej.) Samp.; Ann. Sci. Acad. Polytecn. Porto 5: 58 (1909)
= Malva alcea var. excisa (Rchb.) M.Loehr; 131 (1852)
= Malva alcea var. fastigiata (Cav.) J.J.Schmitz & Regel; 390 (1841)
= Malva alcea var. fastigiata (Cav.) W.D.J.Koch; Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv., ed. 2: 112 (1846)
= Malva alcea var. fastigiata Loret & Barrandon; Fl. Montpellier 1: 113 (1876)
= Malva alcea var. grandiflora Gaudin; Fl. Helv. 4: 426 (1829)
= Malva alcea var. italica (Pollini) Pollini; 438 (1822)
= Malva alcea var. lobata Döll; 1204 (1862)
= Malva alcea var. montana J.J.Schmitz & Regel; 390 (1841)
= Malva alcea var. morenii (Pollini) Bluff & Fingerh.; 166 (1825)
= Malva alcea var. morenii (Pollini) DC.; Prodr. 1: 432 (1824)
= Malva alcea var. multidentata W.D.J.Koch; Röhling, Deutschl. Fl., ed. 3, 5: 40 (1839)
= Malva alcea var. ribifolia (Viv.) Ahlfv.; Neuman, 286 (1901)
= Malva alcea var. tenuifolia Rchb.; 772 (1832)
= Malva alcea var. triloba Lázaro Ibiza & Tubilla; Anales Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 10: 419 (1881), nom. illeg.
= Malva alceoides Ten.; Fl. Napol. 1(Prodr.): LXII (1813)
= Malva bismalva Bernh. ex Lej.; Rev. Fl. Spa: 147 (1825)
= Malva cannabina M.Serres; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 3: 276 (1856)
= Malva decumbens Host; Fl. Austriaca 2: 298 (1827), nom. illeg.
= Malva divotiana Biau; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 57: 205 (1910)
= Malva fastigiata Cav.; Diss. 2: 75 (1786)
= Malva fastigiata f. rotundata Merino; Brotéria, Sér. Bot. 11: 199 (1913)
= Malva fastigiata var. abulensis (Cav.) Lázaro Ibiza; Compend. Fl. Españ., ed. 2, 2: 318 (1920)
= Malva fastigiata var. foliolosa Vayr.; Anales Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 30: 510 (1902)
= Malva fastigiata var. foliosa Vayr.; Anales Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 30: 510 (1901)
= Malva fastigiata var. lobata (Cav.) Willk.; Willk. & Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 3: 576 (1878)
= Malva fastigiata var. nuda Westerl.; Bot. Not. 1863: 144 (1863)
= Malva italica Pollini; Hort. Veron. Pl.: 17., ex ej. Fl. Veron. 2: 438 (1816)
= Malva lagascae Lázaro Ibiza & Tubilla; Anales Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 10. 416 (1881) (non Capelli, Cat. Hort. Taurin. 1821: 36 (1821))
= Malva lobata Cav.; Diss. 2: 76 (1786)
= Malva moreniana Pollini; Fl. Veron. 2: 437 (1822), in syn.
= Malva morenii Pollini; Hort. Veron. Pl.: 16 (1816)
= Malva morenii var. italica (Pollini) Pollini; 805 (1824)
= Malva morisonii Pollini ex Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv. 130 (1866)
= Malva ovata Dulac; Fl. Hautes-Pyrénées 232 (1867)
subspecies :
subsp. ribifolia (Viv.) Kerguélen; Index Synonym. Fl. France (Coll. Patrim. Nat., 8): xiv (1993)
Distribution: Corsica
12 COR
Synonyms: hidden
= Malva ribifolia Viv.; Fl. Cors. Prodr. App.: 5. (1825)
= Malva alcea proles ribifolia (Viv.) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 4: 28 (1897)
species :
Malva arborea (L.) Webb & Berthel.; Phyt. Canar. 1: 30 (1836)
Name: Echte Strauchpappel, Baum-Lavatere (DE); Tree mallow (EN); Malva arborea (ES)
Distribution: England; Ireland; Germany [I]; Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; Baleares; France; Channel Isl.; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Pantelleria; Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); Malta; Croatia; Montenegro; Albania; European Turkey; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Azores [I] (Terceira [I], Graciosa [I], Pico [I]); Madeira [I] (Madeira Isl. [I], Porto Santo Isl. [I]); Canary Isl. [I] (Lanzarote [I], Gran Canaria [I], Tenerife [I], La Gomera [I], La Palma Isl. [I]); Namibia [I]; South Africa [I] (Free State [I], Cape Prov. [I]); East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (W-Anatolia); China [I] (Beijing [I]); Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); New Zealand [I]; Chatham Isl. [I]; USA [I] (California [I], Oregon [I]); Mexico [I] (Baja California [I]); Colombia [I]; Venezuela [I]; Ecuador [I]; Peru [I]; Bolivia [I]; Uruguay [I]; Argentina [I]; Chile [I] (Arica y Parinacota [I], Tarapacá [I], Antofagasta [I], Coquimbo [I], Valparaíso [I], O´Higgins [I], Maule [I], Los Lagos [I])
10 GRB IRE 11 ger 12 BAL CIS COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 ALB CRO GRC ITA KRI MLT MNT PEL PTL SIC TUE 20 ALG LBY TUN 21 azo cny mdr 27 nam saf 34 EAI TUR 36 chi 50 aus 51 ctm nzl 73 usa 76 usa 79 mex 82 clm ven 83 bol ecu per 85 arg cle uru
Synonyms: hidden
= Althaea arborea (L.) Alef.; Oesterr. Bot. Zeitschr. 12: 260 (1862)
= Althaea arborea (L.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 66 (1891), isonym
= Anthema arborea (L.) Medik.; Malv. 42 (1787)
= Lavatera arborea L.; Sp. Pl.: 690 (1753)
= Lavatera eriocalyx Steud.; Flora 39: 438 (1856)
= Lavatera veneta Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. VIII. n. 6 (1768)
= Malva dendromorpha M.F.Ray; Novon 8(3): 292 (1998), nom. nov. superfl.
= Malva eriocalyx (Steud.) Molero & J.M.Monts.; Fontqueria 55(38): 289 (2005), nom. inval.
= Malva eriocalyx Steud.; nom. inval.] [Nomencl. Bot. [Steud.], ed. 2, 2: 94 (1841)
= Malva fastuosa Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 381 (1796)
= Malva umbellata Bertero; Mercurio Chileno: 695 (1829)
= Malva veneta (Mill.) Soldano, Banfi & Galasso; Atti Soc. Ital. Sci. Nat. Mus. Civico Storia Nat. Milano 146(2): 231 (2005)
species :
Malva assurgentiflora (Kellogg) M.F.Ray; Novon 8(3): 290 (1998)
subspecies :
subsp. assurgentiflora
Name: Island mallow
Distribution: South Africa [I] (Gauteng [I], Cape Prov. [I]); Australia [I] (South Australia [I]); New Zealand [I]; USA (California Channel Isl.: San Miguel Isl., Anacapa Isl., planted on other islands); Mexico [I]; Guatemala [I]; Colombia [I]; Ecuador [I]; Peru [I]; Bolivia [c]; Chile [I] (Arica y Parinacota [I], Antofagasta [I], Atacama [I], Coquimbo [I], Valparaíso [I], Maule [I]); Desventuradas Isl. [I]; Juan Fdz. Isl. [I]
27 saf 50 aus 51 nzl 76 USA 79 mex 80 gua 82 clm 83 bol ecu per 85 cle dsv jnf
Conservation Status: exceedingly rare in nature and highly threatened
Synonyms: hidden
= Althaea assurgentifolia (Kellogg) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 66 (1891)
= Lavatera assurgentiflora Kellogg; Proc. Calif. Acad. 1: 4 (1854)
= Lavatera assurgentiflora subsp. dendroidea (Greene) Cockerell; Torreya 37: 121 (1937)
= Saviniona assurgentiflora (Kellogg) Greene; Leaflets Bot. Obs. 2: 163 (1911)
= Saviniona clementinae Greene; Leaflets Bot. Obs. 2: 160 (1911)
= Saviniona dendroidea Greene; Leaflets Bot. Obs. 2: 161 (1911)
= Saviniona reticulata Greene; Leaflets Bot. Obs. 2: 161 (1911)
= Saviniona suspensa Greene; Leaflets Bot. Obs. 2: 162 (1911)
subspecies :
subsp. glabra (Philbrick) Guilliams; Phytoneuron 2019-43: 6 (2019)
Distribution: USA (California Channel Isl.: Santa Catalina Isl., San Clemente Isl.)
76 USA
Conservation Status: exceedingly rare in nature and highly threatened
Synonyms: hidden
= Lavatera assurgentiflora subsp. glabra Philbrick; The California Islands: Proceedings of a Multidisciplinary Symposium, 177 (1980)
species :
Malva bucharica Iljin; Notul. Syst. Herb. Hort. Petrop. 5: 4(1924)
Distribution: Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Tajikistan
32 TKM TZK UZB
species :
Malva cachemiriana (Cambess.) Alef.; Österr. Bot. Zeitschr. xii 258 (1862)
Distribution: Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Iran (SW-Iran); Afghanistan; China (Xinjiang); Pakistan (Chitral, Swat, Baltistan, Hazara, Murree); India (Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir)
32 KGZ TZK 34 AFG IRN 36 CHI 40 IND PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Althaea cachemiriana (Cambess.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 66 (1891), as ´kashmiriana´
= Lavatera cachemiriana (Cambess.) Mast.; Hook.f. Fl. Brit. Ind. 1: 319 (1874)
= Lavatera cachemiriana Cambess.; Jacquem., Voy. 4 (Bot.): 29, t. 32 (1835)
= Lavatera cachemiriana var. haroonii Abedin; Pakistan J. Bot. 9: 157 (1977)
= Lavatera thuringiaca subsp. cachemiriana (Cambess.) Kamelin; Fl. Ushchel. Reki Varzob 198 (2021)
= Lavatera thuringiaca var. cachemiriana (Cambess.) Mobayen; Fl. Iran., Vasc. Pl.: 3: 210 (1985)
species :
Malva cavanillesiana Raizada; Suppl. Duthie´s Fl. Upper Gangetic Plain, etc.: 4: 31 (1976), nom. nov.
Distribution: China [I] (Guangdong [I], Guangxi [I], Guizhou [I], Liaoning [I], Nei Mongol [I], Sichuan [I], Xinjiang [I], Yunnan [I], Jiangsu [I], Zhejiang [I], Anhui [I], Shandong [I], Jiangxi [I], Hubei [I], Hunan [I], Henan [I], Hebei [I], Beijing [I], Tianjin [I], Shanxi [I], Shaanxi [I], Ningxia [I], Gansu [I], Shanghai [I], Fujian [I], Qinghai [I]); Tibet [I]; Taiwan [I]
36 chi tib 38 tai
Synonyms: hidden
= Malva cathayensis M.G.Gilbert, Y.Tang & Dorr; Fl. China 12: 255 (2007), nom. nov. superfl.
= Malva mauritiana var. sinensis (Cav.) DC.; Prodr. 1: 432 (1824)
= Malva sinensis Cav.; Diss. 2: 77 (1786), nom. illeg., non M. chinensis
species :
Malva cretica Cav.; Diss., Secunda Diss. Bot. 67 (1786)
subspecies :
subsp. cretica
Name: Kretische Malve (DE); Cretan Mallow (EN)
Distribution: Spain; France [I]; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); ?Malta; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Tunisia; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (W-Anatolia); Cyprus (E-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, N-Cyprus)
12 COR fra SAR SPA 13 GRC ITA KRI PEL SIC 20 TUN 34 CYP EAI TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Althaea hirsuta Sieber ex Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 66 (1840), nom. inval., non L.
= Dinacrusa cretica (Cav.) G.Krebs; Feddes Repert. 105(5-6): 309 (1994)
= Malva althaeoides var. cretica (Cav.) Baker; J. Bot. 28: 243 (1890)
= Malva althaeoides var. hirsuta DC.; Prodr. 1: 432 (1824)
= Malva hirsuta Ten.; Fl. Napol. 1(Prodr.): XL (1812), nom. illeg.]
subspecies :
subsp. althaeoides (Cav.) Bég.; Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. n. s. 16: 111 (1909)
Distribution: Spain; Morocco
12 SPA 20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Axolopha althaeoides (Cav.) Alef.; Cestr. Bot. Zeitschr. 12: 259 (1862)
= Dinacrusa cretica subsp. althaeoides (Cav.) G.Krebs; Feddes Repert. 105(5-6): 311 (1994)
= Malva althaeoides Cav.; Icon 2: 30 (1793)
= Malva anodiformis Lag.; Periód. Soc. Méd.-Quir. Cádiz 4(1): 2 (1824)
= Malva cretica subsp. althaeoides Dalby; Feddes Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 74: 26 (1967)
= Malva cretica var. althaeoides (Cav.) Paol.; Fiori et al., Fl. Anal. Italia 2: 265 (1901)
species :
Malva durieui Spach; Linnaea 24: 233 (1851)
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; Morocco; Algeria; Australia [I] (New South Wales [I])
12 GIB POR SPA 20 ALG MOR 50 aus
Synonyms: hidden
= Althaea mauritiana (Durieu) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 66 (1891)
= Lavatera davaei Cout.; Bol. Sec. Brot. 11: 122 (1893)
= Lavatera mauritanica Durieu; Rev. Bot. Recueil Mens. 2: 436 (1847), syn. subst., non Malva mauritanica Spreng.
= Lavatera mauritanica subsp. davaei (Cout.) Cout.; Fl. Portugal: 402 (1913)
= Malva davaei (Cout.) Valdés; Willdenowia 41(2): 319 (2011)
= Malva davaei subsp. mauritanica (Durieu) Valdés; Willdenowia 41(2): 319 (2011)
species :
Malva excisa Rchb.; Ic. Fl. Germ. 5: t. 170 (1841)
Distribution: Belarus; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; NW-European Russia; Ukraine
14 BLR RUS UKR
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
Synonyms: hidden
= Malva alcea subsp. excisa (Rchb.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 5: 437 (1970)
species :
Malva flava (Desf.) Alef.; Oesterr. Bot. Zeitschr. 12: 258 (1862)
Distribution: Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia
20 ALG MOR TUN
Remarks: triloba agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Althaea flava (Desf.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 66 (1891)
= Lavatera flava Desf.; Fl. Atlant. 2: 119 (1798)
= Lavatera flava var. pallescens Dobignard; J. Bot. Soc. Bot. France 46-47: 20 (2009)
= Lavatera flava var. purpurea Maire; Contr. 784t, Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 22: 37 (1931)
= Lavatera foucauldii Maire & Sennen; Sennen, Diagn. Nouv.: 184 (1936)
= Olbia flava (Desf.) C.Presl; Fl. Sic. 180 (1826)
species :
Malva hispanica L.; Sp. Pl.: 689 (1753)
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; Morocco; Algeria
12 GIB POR SPA 20 ALG MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Malva cuneifolia Cav.; Diss. 2: 64. t. 20, f. I (1786)
= Malva hispanica var. spithamea (Cav.) DC.; Prodr. 1: 431 (1824)
= Malva hispanica var. spithamea (Cav.) Lázaro Ibiza & Tubilla; Anales Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 10: 413 (1881), nom. superfl.
= Malva spithamea Cav.; Diss. 2: 61. t. 18, f. 3 (1786)
species :
Malva leonardii I.Riedl; Rech. f, Fl. Iranica 120: 20, t. 5 (1976)
Distribution: Iran (S-Iran, SW-Iran)
34 IRN
species :
Malva lindsayi (Moran) M.F.Ray; Novon 8(3): 292 (1998)
Distribution: Isla Guadalupe
79 GLP
Synonyms: hidden
= Lavatera lindsayi Moran; Madrono 11: 158 (1951)
species :
Malva longiflora (Boiss. & Reut.) Soldano, Banfi & Galasso; Atti Soc. Ital. Sci. Nat. Mus. Civico Storia Nat. Milano 152(2): 95 (2011)
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; France [I]; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia
12 fra POR SPA 20 ALG MOR TUN
Synonyms: hidden
= Althaea hirsuta subsp. longiflora (Boiss. & Reut.) Thell.; Fl. Adv. Montpellier: 374 (1912)
= Althaea hirsuta var. grandiflora Ball; J. Bot. 1873: 302 (1873)
= Althaea longiflora Boiss. & Reut.; Biblioth. Universelle Geneve ser. 2, 38: 201 (1842)
= Dinacrusa hirsuta var. longiflora (Boiss. & Reut.) G.Krebs; Feddes Repert. 105(5-6): 302 (1994)
= Malva longiflora (Boiss. & Reut.) B.Bock; Bull. Soc. Bot. Centre-Ouest 42: 274 (2011 publ. 2012), isonym
species :
Malva ludwigii (L.) Soldano, Banfi & Galasso; Atti Soc. Ital. Sci. Nat. Mus. Civico Storia Nat. Milano 152(2): 95 (2011)
Distribution: Morocco; Western Sahara; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt (Desert Oases, Eastern Desert, Great Southwestern Desert, NE-Egypt, Nile Delta, Nile Valley, NW-coastal Egypt); Mauritania; Namibia; South Africa (N-Cape Prov.); Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Tajikistan; Iraq (NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia, S-Iraq, W-Iraq: Desert); Iran (W-Iran, C-Iran, S-Iran, E-Iran); Afghanistan (Farah, Samangan); Syria (NW-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (Rift Valley, Negev Desert); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, S-Sinai); Saudi Arabia (C-Saudi Arabia, Hejaz, Asir, Nejd Desert); Bahrain; United Arab Emirates; Yemen (N-Inner Yemen); Pakistan (Sind, Baluchistan, Waziristan, Pakistani Punjab); India (Maharashtra, Punjab, Rajasthan)
20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN WSA 22 MTN 27 NAM SAF 32 TKM TZK UZB 34 AFG IRN IRQ ISR SIN SYR 35 BAR SAU UAE YEM 40 IND PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Althaea gariepina E.Mey. ex Boiss.; Fl. Orient. [Boiss.] 1: 824 (1867)
= Althaea garipensis E.Mey.; Drège, Zwei Pflanzengeogr. Dokum.: 163 (1843)
= Althaea laevis Moench; Suppl. Meth. (Moench) 199 (1802)
= Althaea ludwigii L.; Mant. Pl. 2: 98 (1771)
= Althaea ludwigii var. microcalyculata Dobignard; Saussurea 19: 103 (1988 publ. 1989)
= Axolopha ludwigii (L.) Alef.; Cestr. Bot. Zeitschr. 12: 259 (1862)
= Dinacrusa ludwigii (L.) G.Krebs; Feddes Repert. 105(5-6): 302 (1994)
= Malva aegyptia subsp. iljinii Pamp.; Archiv. Bot. Ist. Orto Bot. Genova 2: 37 (1936)
= Malva malwensis Edgew.; Hook. J. Bot. 2: 284 (1840)
species :
Malva lusitanica (L.) Valdés; Willdenowia 41(2): 319 (2011)
subspecies :
subsp. lusitanica
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; Sardinia
12 POR SAR SPA
Remarks: triloba agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Althaea lusitanica (L.) Borbás; Magyar Bot. Lapok 2: 302 (1903)
= Althaea triloba (L.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 66 (1891)
= Lavatera calicina Poir.; Encycl. [J. Lam. & al.] Suppl. 3. 310 (1813)
= Lavatera lusitanica L.; Sp. Pl. 2: 691 (1753)
= Lavatera moschata Moris; Stirp. Sard. Elench. 1: 9 (1827)
= Lavatera rotundata Lázaro Ibiza & Tubilla; Trab. Soc. Linn. Matr. 1880: 33 (1880)
= Lavatera rotundifolia Lam.; Fl. Franç. 3: 138 (1779), nom. superfl.
= Lavatera triloba L.; Sp. Pl.: 691 (1753)
= Lavatera triloba var. hispanica R.Fernández; Feddes Repert. 74: 19 (1967)
= Lavatera undulata Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. 8.: no. 10 (1768)
= Malva lusitanica var. hispanica (R.Fernández) Valdés; Bocconea 26: 37 (2013)
= Malva mulleri F.A.Müll. ex Parl.; Fl. Ital. (Parl.) 5(1): 79 (1873)
= Olbia triloba (L.) Medik.; Malv. 42 (1787)
subspecies :
subsp. minoricensis (Cambess.) Valdés; Willdenowia 41(2): 319 (2011)
Distribution: Baleares (Menorca)
12 BAL
Synonyms: hidden
= Althaea minoricensis (Cambess.) Borbás; Magyar Bot. Lap. 2: 302 (1903)
= Lavatera minoricensis Cambess.; Mém. Mus. Hist. Nat. 14: 334 (1827)
= Lavatera triloba subsp. minoricensis (Cambess.) P.Escobar; Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 67(2): 83 (2010)
= Lavatera triloba var. minoricensis (Cambess.) O.Bolòs & Vigo; But. Inst. Catalana Hist. Nat., 38 Bot. 1: 81 (1974)
= Malva micans subsp. minoricensis (Cambess.) Bartolucci & F.Conti; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 49(1-2): 124 (2012)
= Malva minoricensis J.J.Rodr.; Anales Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 3: 13 (1874)
subspecies :
subsp. pallescens (Moris) Valdés; Willdenowia 41(2): 319 (2011)
Distribution: Sardinia
12 SAR
Synonyms: hidden
= Althaea pallescens (Moris) Borbás; Magyar Bot. Lapok 2: 302 (1903)
= Lavatera pallescens Moris; Fl. Sardoa 1: 301 (1837)
= Lavatera triloba subsp. pallescens (Moris) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 128 (1878)
= Malva micans subsp. pallescens (Moris) F.Conti & Bartolucci; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 49(1-2): 124 (2012)
= Malva pallescens (Moris) Soldano, Banfi & Galasso; Atti Soc. Ital. Sci. Nat. Mus. Civico Storia Nat. Milano 152(2): 94 (2011)
species :
Malva maroccana (Batt. & Trab.) Verloove & Lambinon; New J. Bot. 1(1): 40 (2011)
Distribution: SW-Spain; Morocco
12 SPA 20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Lavatera maroccana (Batt. & Trab.) Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 17: 107 (1926)
= Lavatera punctata var. maroccana Batt. & Trab.; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 9: 14 (1918)
= Malva maroccana (Batt. & Trab.) Soldano, Banfi & Galasso; Atti Soc. Ital. Sci. Nat. Mus. Civico Storia Nat. Milano 152(2): 95 (2011), isonym
= Malva maroccana (Batt. & Trab.) Valdés; Willdenowia 41(2): 319 (2011), isonym
species :
Malva microphylla (Baker f.) Molero & J.M.Monts.; Lagascalia 26: 154 (2006)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Althaea microphylla (Baker) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 66 (1891)
= Lavatera microphylla Baker f. [J.Bot.28: 211 (1890)]
= Malva bakeri Molero & J.M.Monts.; Fontqueria 55(38): 290 (2005), nom. nov. superfl.
species :
Malva moschata L.; Sp. Pl.: 690 (1753)
Name: Moschus-Malve (DE); Musk mallow (EN)
Distribution: England; Ireland [I]; Denmark [I]; Norway [I]; Sweden [I]; Finland [I]; Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin [I], Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein [I], Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary [I]; Spain; Andorra; France; Channel Isl.; Corsica [I]; Italy; Sicily; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; Greece; Estonia [c]; Belarus; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; Ukraine; Siberia [I] (W-Siberia [I]); Russian Far East [I] (Khabarovsk [I], Kuril Isl. [I], Sakhalin [I]); Turkey (WN-Anatolia); Japan [I]; Australia [I] (Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); New Zealand [I]; Canada [I] (British Columbia [I], Manitoba [I], New Brunswick [I], Newfoundland [I], Nova Scotia [I], Ontario [I], Prince Edward Isl. [I], Quebec [I]); USA [I] (California [I], Connecticut [I], District of Columbia [I], Delaware [I], Idaho [I], Illinois [I], Indiana [I], Kentucky [I], Massachusetts [I], Maryland [I], Maine [I], Michigan [I], Missouri [I], Montana [I], North Carolina [I], New Hampshire [I], New Jersey [I], New York [I], Ohio [I], Oregon [I], Pennsylvania [I], Rhode Island [I], Tennessee [I], Virginia [I], Vermont [I], Washington State [I], Wisconsin [I], West Virginia [I], Wyoming [I]); Argentina [I]; Chile [I] (Los Lagos [I], Aisén [I])
10 den fin GRB ire nor swe 11 AUT BGM CZE GER hun LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 ADO CIS cor FRA SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SRB 14 BLR est RUS UKR 30 sib 31 rfe 34 TUR 38 jap 50 aus 51 nzl 71 cdn 72 cdn 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 78 usa 85 arg cle
Synonyms: hidden
= Alcea pinnatifida Gilib.; Fl. Lit. Inch. 1: 66 (1782), opus utique oppr.
= Bismalva laciniata (Desr.) Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, N. S. 16: 850 (1868)
= Bismalva moschata (L.) Medik.; Malv. 39 (1787)
= Malva alcea subsp. moschata (L.) Bonnier & Layens; Tabl. Syn. Pl. Vasc. France: 55 (1894)
= Malva cordistipula Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 2: 94 (1841), nom. inval.
= Malva geraniifolia J.Gay; Ann. Sci. Nat. Ser. II. 6: 125 (1836), et ex Lacaita, J. Bot. 67: 324 (1929), descr.
= Malva dethardingii Link ex Dethard.; Consp. Pl. Megalopol.: 54 (1828)
= Malva laciniata Desr.; Lam., Encycl. 3: 750 (1792)
= Malva lamottei Jord. ex Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 1: 129 (1878)
= Malva moschata f. alba Moldenke; Phytologia 2: 138 (1946)
= Malva moschata f. glabrescens Bech. & Gyhr; 11 (1921)
= Malva moschata f. latisecta (Celak.) Hegi; 481 (1925)
= Malva moschata f. subglabra Johanss.; Bot. Not. 1910: 231 (1910)
= Malva moschata subsp. orsiniana (Ten.) Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital.: 120 (1882)
= Malva moschata var. decalvata Johanss.; Bot. Not. 1910: 231 (1910)
= Malva moschata var. heterophylla Lej.; Rev. Fl. Spa: 148 (1825)
= Malva moschata var. integrifolia Lej.; Rev. Fl. Spa: 148 (1825)
= Malva moschata var. intermedia Godr.; Gren. & Godr., Fl. France Corse 1: 289 (1848)
= Malva moschata var. laciniata (Desr.) Godr.; Gren. & Godr., Fl. France Corse 1: 289 (1848)
= Malva moschata var. laciniata Lej.; Rev. Fl. Spa: 148 (1825)
= Malva moschata var. latisecta Celak.; 517 (1875)
= Malva moschata var. multidentata Wirtg.; 40 (1842), nom. inval.
= Malva moschata var. ramondiana Godr.; Gren. & Godr., Fl. France Corse 1: 289 (1848)
= Malva orsiniana Ten.; Fl. Napol. 5: 85 (1835-1836)
= Malva tenuifolia Savi; Due Cent. Piante: 122 (1804), nom. illeg.]
species :
Malva multiflora (Cav.) Soldano, Banfi & Galasso; Atti Soc. Ital. Sci. Nat. Mus. St. Nat. Milano 146(2): 230 (2005)
Name: Kretische Strauchpappel (DE); Cornish mallow (EN); Malva bastarda (ES)
Distribution: England; Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; Baleares; France; Channel Isl. [I]; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Pantelleria; Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); Malta; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Albania; European Turkey; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt (Nile Delta, NW-coastal Egypt); Azores (Santa Maria Isl., Sao Miguel Isl., Terceira, Graciosa, Sao Jorge, Pico, Faial, Flores Isl., Corvo Isl.); Madeira (Madeira Isl., Ilhas Desertas, Porto Santo Isl.); Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, Hierro, La Palma Isl.); Cape Verde Isl. (Santo Antao Isl., Sao Vicente Isl.); South Africa [I] (W-Cape Prov. [I]); East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, NW-Syria); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel); Sinai peninsula (N-Sinai); Jordania (W-Jordania); Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); New Zealand [I]; Chatham Isl. [I]; USA [I] (California [I]); Ecuador [I]; Bolivia [I]
10 GRB 12 BAL cis COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH CRO GRC ITA KRI MLT MNT PEL PTL SIC TUE 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 21 AZO CNY CVI MDR 27 saf 34 CYP EAI ISR JOR LEB SIN SYR TUR 50 aus 51 ctm nzl 76 usa 83 bol ecu
Synonyms: hidden
= Althaea cretica (L.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 66 (1891), nom. illeg.
= Althaea sylvestris (Brot.) Borbás; Magyar Bot. Lapok 2: 302 (1903)
= Anthema cretica (L.) Medik.; Malv. 42 (1787)
= Anthema scabra Moench; Methodus (Moench) 613 (1794), nom. superfl.
= Anthema tenoreana C.Presl; Fl. Sicul.: 181 (1826), nom. superfl.
= Lavatera cavanillesii Caball.; Mem. Real Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 8: 258 (1915)
= Lavatera cretica f. stenophylla (Willk.) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 4: 42 (1897)
= Lavatera cretica L.; Sp. Pl.: 691 (1753)
= Lavatera cretica var. acutiloba Ball; Spicil. Fl. Marocc. [Ball]: 377 (1878)
= Lavatera cretica var. macrantha Maire & Wilczek; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 27: 216 (1936)
= Lavatera cretica var. microphylla Pau ex Merino; Fl. Galicia 1: 261 (1905)
= Lavatera cretica var. silvestris (Brot.) Pérez Lara; Anales Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 24: 327 (1896)
= Lavatera cretica var. stenophylla Willk. & Lange; Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 3: 581 (1878)
= Lavatera cretica var. stenophylla Willk.; Willk. & Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 3: 581 (1878)
= Lavatera empedoclis Ucria; Nuova Racc. Opusc. Aut. Sicil. 6: 253 (1793)
= Lavatera hederifolia (Vis.) Schloss. & Vuk.; Fl. Croat.: 375 (1869)
= Lavatera mollis Ehrenb. ex Sweet; Hort. Brit. [Sweet], ed. 2. 60 (1830)
= Lavatera neapolitana Ten.; Fl. Napol. 1(Prodr.): LXII (1813)
= Lavatera sicula Tineo; Pl. Rar. Sicil. 1: 14 (1817)
= Lavatera stenophylla (Willk.) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 4: 42 (1897)
= Lavatera sylvestris Brot.; Fl. Lusit. 2: 277 (1805)
= Lavatera triloba Sebast. & Mauri; Fl. Roman. Prodr.: 227 (1818), nom. illeg.
= Lavatera weinmanniana Trevir. ex DC.; Prodr. 1: 440 (1824), pro syn.
= Malope multiflora Cav.; Diss. 1: 2 (1785)
= Malva cretica (L.) Pau; Not. Bot. Fl. Españ. 3: 29 (1889), nom. illeg.
= Malva hederifolia Vis.; Fl. Dalmat. 3(2): 205 (1851)
= Malva linnaei M.F.Ray; Novon 8(3): 292 (1998), nom. nov. superfl.
= Malva liocarpa Phil.; Anales Univ. Chile 82: 18 (1893)
= Malva mamillosa J.Lloyd ex Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 1: 128 (1878), in syn.
= Malva mauritiana Willk.; Willk. & Lange, Prod. Fl. Hisp. 3: 581 (1877)
= Malva pseudolavatera Webb & Berthel.; Hist. Nat. Iles Canaries (Phytogr.) 3(2(1)): 29 (-30) (1836)
= Malva willkommiana Scheele; Linnaea 21: 570 (1848)
species :
Malva neglecta Wallr.; Syll. Pl. Nov. 1: 140 (1824)
Name: Weg-Malve, Kleine Käsepappel, Gänse-Malve (DE); Common Mallow (EN); Malvilla humilde (ES)
Distribution: England; Ireland; Denmark; Norway; Sweden; Finland [I]; Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; Andorra; ?Baleares; France; Channel Isl.; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; N-European Russia; W-European Russia; Ukraine; Crimea; Morocco; Algeria; Canary Isl. [I] (Lanzarote [I], Gran Canaria [I], Tenerife [I], Hierro [I]); Chad (Tibesti); Zimbabwe [I]; South Africa [I] (widespread); Lesotho [I]; Russian Far East [I]; Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia, W-Iraq: Desert); Iran (EC-Iran, E-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, S-Iran, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Badakshan, Badghys, Baghlan, Balkh, Bamyan, Ghazni, Herat, Kabul, Kunar / Nuristan, Wardak, Paktia / Khost, Parwan, Samangan, Takhar, Zabul); Cyprus (C-Mountains, W-Cyprus); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (NW-Syria); Israel (Negev Desert); Jordania (S-Jordania); Saudi Arabia (Asir); Oman (Mascat & Oman); China (Anhui, Gansu, Guizhou, Hebei, Henan, Jiangsu, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Yunnan); Tibet; Mongolia; South Korea [I]; Japan [I]; Taiwan; Pakistan (Sind, Baluchistan, Quetta, Hazara, Murree, Kurram, N. W. Frontier Prov., Chitral, Swat, Astor, Baltistan, Gilgit); Nepal; Bhutan; India (Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal); Australia [I] (New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); New Zealand [I]; Chatham Isl. [I]; Hawaii [I] (East Maui [I]); Alaska [I]; Canada [I] (Alberta [I], British Columbia [I], Manitoba [I], New Brunswick [I], Newfoundland [I], Nova Scotia [I], Ontario [I], Prince Edward Isl. [I], Quebec [I], Saskatchewan [I]); USA [I] (Alabama [I], Arkansas [I], Arizona [I], California [I], Colorado [I], Connecticut [I], District of Columbia [I], Delaware [I], Georgia [I], Iowa [I], Idaho [I], Illinois [I], Indiana [I], Kansas [I], Kentucky [I], Massachusetts [I], Maryland [I], Maine [I], Michigan [I], Minnesota [I], Missouri [I], Montana [I], North Carolina [I], North Dakota [I], Nebraska [I], New Hampshire [I], New Jersey [I], New Mexico [I], Nevada [I], New York [I], Ohio [I], Oklahoma [I], Oregon [I], Pennsylvania [I], Rhode Island [I], South Carolina [I], South Dakota [I], Tennessee [I], Texas [I], Utah [I], Virginia [I], Vermont [I], Washington State [I], Wisconsin [I], West Virginia [I], Wyoming [I]); Mexico [I]; Panama [I]; Dominican Republic [I]; Haiti [I]; Bolivia [I]; Argentina [I]; Chile [I] (Valparaíso [I], Metropolitana de Santiago [I], Araucanía [I])
10 DEN fin GRB IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 ADO CIS COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MNT NMA ROM SLV SRB TUE 14 BLR EST KRY LAT LIT RUS UKR 20 ALG MOR 21 cny 24 CHA 26 zim 27 les saf 31 rfe 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR 35 OMA SAU 36 CHI TIB 37 MON 38 jap kor TAI 40 BHU IND NEP PAK 50 aus 51 ctm nzl 63 haw 70 ask 71 cdn 72 cdn 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa 79 mex 80 pan 81 his 83 bol 85 arg cle
Synonyms: hidden
= Althaea vulgaris (Fr.) Alef.; Oesterr. Bot. Zeitschr. 12: 260 (1862), nom. illeg.
= Malva fruticans Dorner ex Rchb.; Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 5: 18 (1841)
= Malva orbiculata Pomel; Nouv. Mat. Fl. Atl. 2: 344 (1875)
= Malva prostrata Gilib.; Fl. Lit. Inch. 1: 63 (1782), opus utique oppr.
= Malva rotundifolia var. brachypetala Hegi; 486 (1925)
= Malva rotundifolia var. crispa Wimm. & Grab.; Fl. Siles. 2(2): 14 (1829)
= Malva rotundifolia var. decipiens Asch.; 108 (1860)
= Malva rotundifolia var. grandior Wahlenb.; Fl. Suecica 2: 437 (1826)
= Malva rotundifolia var. intermedia Ball; Spicil. Fl. Marocc. [Ball]: 377 (1878)
= Malva rotundifolia var. perennans Post; Fl. Palaest., ed. 2, 1: 236 (1933)
= Malva salvitellensis V.Brig.; Stirp. Rar. 1: 1 (1816)
= Malva vulgaris Fr.; Novit. Fl. Suec. Alt.: 219 (1828), nom. illeg., non Gray]
species :
Malva nicaeensis All.; Fl. Pedem. 2: 40 (1785)
Name: Nizza-Malve (DE); French Mallow, Bull Mallow (EN)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Portugal; Spain; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Pantelleria; Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); Malta; Slovenia; Croatia; Albania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; European Russia; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt (Nile Delta); Azores (Sao Miguel Isl., Sao Jorge, Faial, Flores Isl.); Madeira [I] (Madeira Isl. [I]); Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera); Ethiopia [I]; South Africa [I]; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (WN-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia); Iraq (NW-Iraq, W-Iraq: Desert, NE-Iraq); Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., Iranian Aserbaijan, S-Iran, W-Iran, N-Iran); Afghanistan (Badghys, Balkh, Bamyan, Faryab, Jawzjan / Sar-e-Pol, Kabul, Kandahar, Samangan, Takhar); Cyprus (C-Mountains, N-Cyprus, SE-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, NW-Syria); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, Negev Desert, N-Israel); Sinai peninsula (N-Sinai, S-Sinai); Jordania (W-Jordania); Qatar; United Arab Emirates; Australia [I] (South Australia [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); New Zealand [I]; Chatham Isl. [I]; USA [I] (California [I], Montana [I], New Jersey [I]); Mexico [I]; Honduras [I]; Brazil [I]; Argentina [I]; Chile [I] (Antofagasta [I], Atacama [I], Coquimbo [I], Valparaíso [I], Metropolitana de Santiago [I], O´Higgins [I], Maule [I], Ñuble [I], Biobío [I], Araucanía [I], Los Rios [I]); Juan Fdz. Isl. [I]
11 ger 12 BAL COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BUL CRO GRC ITA KRI MLT PEL PTL SIC SLV TUE 14 RUS 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 21 AZO CNY mdr 24 eth 27 saf 32 TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SIN SYR TUR 35 QAT UAE 50 aus 51 ctm nzl 73 usa 75 usa 76 usa 79 mex 80 hon 84 bra 85 arg cle jnf
Synonyms: hidden
= Althaea nicaeensis (All.) Alef.; Oesterr. Bot. Zeilschr. 12: 261 (1862)
= Malva arvensis C.Presl; J. & C. Presl, Delic. Prag.: 28 (1822)
= Malva circinnata Viv.; Fl. Cors. Prodr., App.: 6 (1825)
= Malva cognata Steud.; Flora 39: 425 (1856)
= Malva excelsa C.Presl; J. & C. Presl, Delic. Prag.: 27 (1822)
= Malva nicaeensis var. liocarpa Reiche; Anales Univ. Chile 91: 375 (1895)
= Malva nicaeensis var. littoralis Merino; Fl. Galicia 1: 259 (1905)
= Malva setosa Moench; Suppl. Meth. (Moench) 199 (1802)
species :
Malva oblongifolia (Boiss.) Soldano, Banfi & Galasso; Atti Soc. Ital. Sci. Nat. Mus. Civico Storia Nat. Milano 152(2): 95 (2011)
Distribution: S-Spain
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Althaea oblongifolia (Boiss.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 66 (1891)
= Lavatera oblongifolia Boiss.; Biblioth. Universelle Geneve ser. 2, 13: 407 (1838)
= Malva oblongifolia (Boiss.) Valdés; Willdenowia 41(2): 319 (2011), isonym
species :
Malva occidentalis (S.Watson) M.F.Ray; Novon 8(3): 293 (1998)
Distribution: Mexico (Baja California Norte: Los Coronados Isl.); Isla Guadalupe
79 GLP MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Althaea insularis (S.Watson) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 66 (1891)
= Althaea occidentalis (S.Watson) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 66 (1891)
= Lavatera insularis S.Watson; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 12: 249 (1877)
= Lavatera occidentalis S.Watson; Proc. Am. Acad. 11: 113, 125 (1876)
= Saviniona insularis (S.Watson) Greene; Leafl. Bot. Observ. Crit. 2: 163 (1911)
= Saviniona occidentalis (S.Watson) Greene; Leaflets Bot. Obs. 2: 163 (1911)
species :
Malva olbia (L.) Alef.; Österr. Bot. Zeitschr. 12: 258 (1862)
Name: Tree lavatera
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; New Zealand [I]; USA [I] (California [I])
12 BAL COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ITA SIC 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN 51 nzl 76 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Althaea hispida (Desf.) Borbás; Magyar Bot. Lapok 2: 302 (1903), nom. illeg.
= Althaea olbia (L.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 66 (1891)
= Lavatera acutifolia Lam.; Fl. Franç. (Lam.) 3: 137 (1779)
= Lavatera hispida Desf.; Fl. Atlant. 2: 118 (1798)
= Lavatera olbia L.; Sp. Pl.: 690 (1753)
= Lavatera olbia subsp. hispida (Desf.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 128 (1878)
= Lavatera olbia subsp. hispida Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital.: 122 (1882)
= Lavatera olbia subsp. unguiculata Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital.: 122 (1882)
= Lavatera olbia var. hispida (Desf.) Ball; Spicil. Fl. Marocc. [Ball]: 376 (1877)
= Lavatera olbia var. intermedia Rouy; Fl. France [Rouy & Foucaud] 4: 44 (1897)
= Lavatera pseudo-olbia Desf.; Tabl. École Bot. 145 (1804)
= Lavatera pseudo-olbia Poir.; Lam., Encycl., Suppl. 3: 309 (1813)
= Lavatera thuringiaca All.; Fl. Pedem. 2: 42 (1785) non L.
= Lavatera undulata Desf.; Hist. Arbr. France 1: 471 (1809), nom. illeg.
= Malva hispida (Desf.) Alef.; Oesterr. Bot. Zeitschr. 12: 258 (1862)
= Malva pallida Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 381 (1796)
= Malva pseudoolbia (Desf.) Alef.; Cestr. Bot. Zeitschr. 12: 258 (1862)
= Olbia hastata Medik.; Malv. 42 (1787)
= Olbia hispida C.Presl; Fl. Sicul.: 179 (1826)
species :
Malva oxyloba Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. 8: 109 (1849)
Distribution: Sicily; +Algeria; Cyprus (N-Cyprus); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (NW-Syria); Israel (coastal W-Israel, N-Israel)
13 SIC 20 ALG 34 CYP ISR LEB SYR
Synonyms: hidden
= Malva parviflora subsp. oxyloba (Boiss.) Batt.; Fl. Algérie [Batt. & Trab.] Dicot.: 113 (1888)
= Malva parviflora var. oxyloba (Boiss.) Kristofferson; Hereditas (Lund) 7: 346 (1926)
species :
Malva pacifica M.F.Ray; Novon 8(3): 293 (1998), nom. nov.
Distribution: Mexico (San Jerónimo Isl., San Benito Isl., Natividad Isl., Asunción Isl.)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Althaea venosa (S.Watson) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 66 (1891)
= Lavatera venosa S.Watson; Proc. Am. Acad. 12: 249 (1877)
= Saviniona venosa (S.Watson) Greene; Leaflets Bot. Obs. 2: 163 (1911)
species :
Malva pamiroalaica Iljin; Fl. URSS, ed. Kom. 15: 675 (1949)
Distribution: Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Afghanistan (Parwan)
32 KGZ TZK 34 AFG
species :
Malva parviflora L.; Demonstr. Pl.: 18 (1753)
Name: Kleinblütige Malve (DE); Cheeseweed mallow, Small-flowered mallow (EN); Malvilla menor (ES); Mauve parviflore (FR)
Distribution: England [I]; Germany [I]; Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; Baleares; France; Channel Isl. [I]; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Pantelleria; Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); Malta; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Albania; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Estonia [I]; Morocco; Algeria (incl. Hoggar); Tunisia; Libya; Egypt (Desert Oases, Eastern Desert, Great Southwestern Desert, NE-Egypt, Nile Delta, Nile Valley, NW-coastal Egypt, SE-Egypt); Azores (Santa Maria Isl., Sao Miguel Isl., Terceira, Graciosa, Sao Jorge, Pico, Faial, Corvo Isl.); Madeira (Madeira Isl., Ilhas Desertas, Porto Santo Isl.); Islas Selvagens; Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro, La Palma Isl.); Cape Verde Isl. (Santo Antao Isl., Sao Vicente Isl., Ilha de Sao Nicolau, Ilha da Boa Vista, Ilha de Maio, Ilha de Sao Tiago, Fogo, Ilha Brava); N-Chad (Tibesti); Sudan [I]; Soqotra [I]; Angola [I]; Zimbabwe [I]; Namibia [I]; South Africa [I] (widespread); Lesotho [I]; St. Helena [I]; La Réunion [I]; Russian Far East [I] (Primorye [I]); Turkmenistan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Iraq (NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia, S-Iraq, W-Iraq: Desert); Iran (E-Iran, N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, S-Iran, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Badakshan, Kabul, Nangarhar, Nimroz, Helmand, Qunduz); Cyprus (N-Cyprus, C-Mountains, W-Cyprus, E-Cyprus, S-Cyprus); Lebanon (coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, C-Syrian Desert, NW-Syria, Jbel Druze); Israel (Rift Valley, Negev Desert, N-Israel, Judean Desert, coastal W-Israel); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, N-Sinai, S-Sinai); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Saudi Arabia (N-Saudi Arabia, Hejaz, Asir, Nejd Desert, E-Saudi Arabia, C-Saudi Arabia, Nafud, Dahana); Bahrain; Qatar; United Arab Emirates; Oman (Mascat & Oman); Yemen (Inner Yemen, Aden Desert); South Korea [I]; Japan [I]; Pakistan [I]; Nepal [I]; Bhutan [I]; India [I] (India Punjab [I], Uttar Pradesh [I], Madhya Pradesh [I], Karnataka [I], Tamil Nadu [I], Jammu & Kashmir [I]); Sri Lanka [I]; Bangladesh [I]; Java [I]; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], Northern Territory [I], South Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); Lord Howe Isl. [I]; Norfolk Isl. [I]; New Zealand [I]; Chatham Isl. [I]; Hawaii [I] (French Frigate Shoals [I], Kauai [I], Oahu [I], Molokai [I], Lanai [I], Maui [I], Kahoolawe Isl. [I], Hawaii Isl. [I]); Canada [I] (Alberta [I], British Columbia [I], Manitoba [I], Nova Scotia [I], Ontario [I], Prince Edward Isl. [I], Quebec [I], Saskatchewan [I]); USA [I] (Arizona [I], California [I], Colorado [I], Florida [I], Georgia [I], Iowa [I], Idaho [I], Kansas [I], Louisiana [I], Massachusetts [I], Maryland [I], Missouri [I], Montana [I], North Dakota [I], Nebraska [I], New Jersey [I], New Mexico [I], Nevada [I], New York [I], Oregon [I], South Carolina [I], Texas [I], Washington State [I], Wyoming [I]); Mexico [I]; Isla Guadalupe [I]; Guatemala [I]; El Salvador [I]; Honduras [I]; Costa Rica [I]; Cuba [I]; Colombia [I]; Venezuela [I]; Ecuador [I]; Galapagos [I]; Peru [I]; Bolivia [I]; Brazil [I]; Paraguay [I]; Uruguay [I]; Argentina [I]; Chile [I] (Arica y Parinacota [I], Antofagasta [I], Atacama [I], Coquimbo [I], Valparaíso [I], Metropolitana de Santiago [I], O´Higgins [I], Maule [I], Ñuble [I], Biobío [I], Araucanía [I], Los Lagos [I]); Juan Fdz. Isl. [I]; Tristan da Cunha [I]
10 grb 11 ger 12 BAL cis COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH CRO GRC ITA KRI MLT PEL PTL SIC 14 est 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 21 AZO CNY CVI MDR SEL 24 CHA soc sud 26 ang zim 27 les nam saf 28 sth 29 reu 31 rfe 32 TKM TZK 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SIN SYR TUR 35 BAR OMA QAT SAU UAE YEM 38 jap kor 40 ban bhu ind nep pak srl 42 jaw 50 aus lhi nfk 51 ctm nzl 63 haw 71 cdn 72 cdn 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa 79 glp mex 80 cos els gua hon 81 cub 82 clm ven 83 bol ecu gal per 84 bra 85 arg cle jnf par uru 91 tdc
Synonyms: hidden
= Althaea mareotica (Delile ex DC.) Alef.; Oesterr. Bot. Zeitschr. 12: 261 (1862)
= Althaea microcarpa (Pers.) Alef.; Oesterr. Bot. Zeitschr. 12: 261 (1862)
= Althaea parviflora (L.) Alef.; Oesterr. Bot. Zeitschr. 41: 261 (1862)
= Malva bivoniana C.Presl; Fl. Sicul.: 176 (1826)
= Malva coronata Pomel; Nouv. Mat. Fl. Atl. 346 (1875)
= Malva cristata (Boiss.) Sennen & Mauricio; Cat. Fl. Rif Orient.: 16 (1933), nom. superfl.
= Malva flexuosa Hornem.; Hort. Bot. Hafn. 2: 655 (1815)
= Malva heterocarpa Shuttlew.; Coup d´Oeil Fl. Toulon et d´Hyères: 16 (1891)
= Malva mareotica Delile ex DC.; Prod. 1: 433 (1824)
= Malva microcalyx C.A.Mey.; Index Seminum (LE, Petropolitanus) 11: 75 (1846)
= Malva microcarpa Desf. ex DC.; Prodr. 1: 433 (1824), nom. illeg.
= Malva microcarpa Pers.; Syn. Pl. 2: 251 (1806) non Desf.
= Malva microcarpa var. cristata Sennen; Publ. Junta Ci. Nat. Barcelona, Ser. Bot. 2: 639 (1917)
= Malva musiana Sennen; Bol. Soc. Ibér. Ci. Nat. 26: 77 (1927)
= Malva parviflora proles microcarpa (Desf.) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 4: 39 (1897)
= Malva parviflora subsp. microcarpa (Desf.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 130 (1878)
= Malva parviflora subsp. microcarpa Bonnier & Layens; Tabl. Syn. Pl. Vasc. France: 55 (1894)
= Malva parviflora subvar. dasycarpa Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 31: 101 (1940)
= Malva parviflora var. coronata (Pomel) Batt.; Fl. Algérie [Batt. & Trab.] Dicot.: 112 (1888)
= Malva parviflora var. cristata Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 1: 821 (1867)
= Malva parviflora var. flexuosa (Hornem.) Pit. & Proust; Iles Canaries [Pit. & Proust]: 135 (1909)
= Malva parviflora var. microcarpa (Desf. ex Pers.) Loscos; Trat. Pl. Aragon 2: 203 (1877)
= Malva parviflora var. microcarpa (Pers.) Fiori & Paol.; Fl. Anal. Italia 2: 268 (1901), nom. illeg.
= Malva parviflora var. microcarpa Loscos; Trat. Pl. Aragon 2: 203 (1877)
= Malva parviflora var. trichocarpa Maire & Sennen; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 27: 216 (1936)
= Malva polycarpa Sennen; Bol. Soc. Ibér. Ci. Nat. 26: 77 (1927)
= Malva rotundifolia subsp. parviflora (L.) Ball; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 16: 378 (1878)
= Malva simpliciuscula Steud.; Flora 39: 426 (1856)
= Malva trionoides DC.; Prod. 1: 433 (1824)
variant :
var. velutina (J.A.Schmidt) A.Chev.; Rev. Bot. Appl. Agric. Trop. 15: 944 (1935)
Distribution: Cape Verde Isl. (Santo Antao Isl.)
21 CVI
Synonyms: hidden
= Malva velutina J.A.Schmidt; Beitr. Fl. Ins. Cap. Verd. 282 (1852)
species :
Malva phoenicea (Vent.) Alef.; Oesterr. Bot. Zeitschr. 12: 258 (1862)
Name: Phönizische Strauchpappel (DE); Malvarrisco encarnada (ES)
Distribution: Canary Isl. (Tenerife)
21 CNY
Synonyms: hidden
= Althaea phoenicea (Vent.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 66 (1891)
= Lavatera brachyfolia Walp.; Repert. Bot. Syst. 1: 291 (1842)
= Lavatera coccinea F.Dietr.; Nachtr. Vollst. Lex. Gärtn. 4: 329 (1818)
= Lavatera pallida Bosse; Vollst. Handb. Bl.-Gärtn. 2: 646 (1829)
= Lavatera phoenicea Vent.; Jard. Malm. 120. t. 120 (1805)
= Navaea phoenicea (Vent.) Webb & Berthel.; Phyt. Canar. 1: 34 (1836)
= Saviniona brachyloba Webb & Berthel.; Hist. Nat. Iles Canaries 3(2
species :
Malva punctata (All.) Alef.; Österr. Bot. Zeitschr. 12: 258 (1862)
Name: Punktierte Strauchpappel (DE); Spotted-stalked Tree-mallow (EN)
Distribution: Germany [I]; ?Spain; Baleares; France; Corsica; Italy; Sicily; San Marino; Montenegro; Albania; European Turkey; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Algeria; Tunisia; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iran (N-Iran); Cyprus (N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, NW-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel)
11 ger 12 BAL COR FRA 13 ALB GRC ITA KRI MNT SIC SMA TUE 20 ALG TUN 33 ARM GEO NCS 34 CYP EAI IRN ISR LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Althaea biennis (M.Bieb.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 66 (1891)
= Althaea punctata (All.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 66 (1891)
= Lavatera biennis Guss.; Fl. Sic. Prodr. 2: 347 (1828) non M. Bieb.
= Lavatera punctata All.; Auct. Fl. Pedem.: 26 (1789)
= Malva punctata (All.) G.H.Loos; Jahrb. Bochum. Bot. Vereins (2010), isonym
= Olbia deflexa Moench; Suppl. Meth. (Moench) 200 (1802), nom. illeg.]
species :
Malva pusilla Sm.; Sowerby, Engl. Bot.: tab. 241 (1795), nom. cons.
Name: Nordische Malve, Kleinblütige Malve (DE); Dwarf mallow (EN); Malva de hoja redonda (ES)
Distribution: England [I]; Denmark; Norway; Sweden; Finland [I]; Netherlands; Belgium; Germany (Brandenburg, +Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, +Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern [I], Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland [I], Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; France [I]; Channel Isl. [I]; Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; N-European Russia; W-European Russia; Ukraine; Crimea; Azores (Pico); Canary Isl. (Tenerife, Hierro); N-Chad (Tibesti); Namibia [I]; South Africa [I]; Lesotho [I]; Siberia (Altai, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva, W-Siberia); Russian Far East [I] (Amur [I], Kamchatka [I], Khabarovsk [I], Magadan [I], Primorye [I]); Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl.; Mongolia; South Korea [I]; Japan [I]; Bonin Isl. [I] (Chichijima [I], Anijima [I]); Bangladesh [I]; Canada [I] (Alberta [I], British Columbia [I], Manitoba [I], New Brunswick [I], Nova Scotia [I], Ontario [I], Prince Edward Isl. [I], Quebec [I], Saskatchewan [I]); USA [I] (California [I], Iowa [I], Illinois [I], Indiana [I], Kansas [I], Massachusetts [I], Maryland [I], Michigan [I], Minnesota [I], Missouri [I], North Dakota [I], Nebraska [I], New Mexico [I], Ohio [I], Oklahoma [I], Pennsylvania [I], South Dakota [I], Tennessee [I], Texas [I], Virginia [I], Wisconsin [I], Wyoming [I]); Ecuador [I]; Bolivia [I]
10 DEN fin grb NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN NET POL SLO 12 cis fra 13 BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS MNT NMA ROM SLV SRB TUE 14 BLR EST KRY LAT LIT RUS UKR 21 AZO CNY 24 CHA 27 les nam saf 30 SIB 31 rfe 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 EAI 37 MON 38 jap kor oga 40 ban 71 cdn 72 cdn 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa 83 bol ecu
Synonyms: hidden
= Althaea borealis (Wallman) Alef.; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 12: 261 (1862)
= Malva borealis Wallman; S. Liljeblad, Utkast Sv. Fl., ed. 3: 374 (1816)
= Malva bracteata Rchb.; Bull. Soc. Nat. Mosc. 31: I. 186 (1858)
= Malva crenata Kit.; J. Sadler, Fl. Comit. Pest. 2: 161 (1826)
= Malva henningii Goldb.; Mem. Soc. Nat. Mosc. 5: 133 (1817)
= Malva humifusa J.Henning; Mém. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 6: 76 (1823), nom. illeg.
= Malva lignescens Iljin; Bot. Mater. Gerb. Glavn. Bot. Sada R.S.F.S.R. 2: 173 (1921)
= Malva minor Garsault; Fig. Pl. Méd.: t. 358 (1764), opus utique rej.
= Malva obtusa Torr. & A.Gray; Fl. N. Amer. (Torr. & A. Gray) 1: 225 (1838)
= Malva parviflora Huds.; Fl. Angl. (Huds.) 268 (1762), nom. illeg.
= Malva pseudoborealis Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv. 130 (1866)
= Malva repens Gueldenst.; Reis. Russland (Gueldenst.) i. 52 (1787)
= Malva rosea Roxb. ex Wight & Arn.; Prodr. Fl. Ind. Orient. 1: 45 (1834), nom. illeg.
= Malva rotundifolia L.; Sp. Pl.: 688 (1753), nom. rej.
= Malva rotundifolia var. henningii (Goldb.) Trevir.; Index Seminum (WROCL, Wratislaviensi) 1818: 4 (1818)
= Malva rotundifolia var. leiocarpa H.Lindb.; Acta Soc. Sci. Fenn., Ser. B, Opera Biol. 1(2): 102 (1932)
= Malva rotundifolia var. pusilla (Sm.) Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 638 (1821 publ. 1822)
species :
Malva qaiseri Abedin; Fl. W. Pakistan, 130: 40 (1979)
Distribution: Pakistan
40 PAK
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Malva stenopetala (Coss. & Durieu ex Batt.) Soldano, Banfi & Galasso; Atti Soc. Ital. Sci. Nat. Mus. Civico Storia Nat. Milano 152(2): 94 (2011)
subspecies :
subsp. stenopetala
Distribution: Algeria; Tunisia
20 ALG TUN
Synonyms: hidden
= Althaea stenopetala (Coss. & Durieu) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 66 (1891)
= Lavatera stenopetala Coss. & Durieu; (Bourg, Pl. Alger. exsicc. (1856)) ex Batt. et Trab. Fl. de l´Alger. (Dicot.) 113 (1888), Coss. III. Fl. Alg. 2: 8 t. 100 (1893)
= Malva stenopetala (Coss. & Durieu ex Batt.) Valdés; Willdenowia 41(2): 319 (2011), isonym
subspecies :
subsp. plazzae (Atzei) Iamonico; Willdenowia 45(1): 123 (2015)
Distribution: Sardinia
12 SAR
Synonyms: hidden
= Lavatera plazzae Atzei; Boll. Soc. Sarda Sci. Nat. 30: 151 (1994-95 publ. 1995)
= Lavatera stenopetala subsp. plazzae (Atzei) Iamonico; Pl. Ecol. Evol. 147(2): 296 (2014)
= Malva plazzae (Atzei) Soldano, Banfi & Galasso; Atti Soc. Ital. Sci. Nat. Mus. Civico Storia Nat. Milano 146(2): 230 (2005)
species :
Malva subacaulis Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afr. Nord 14: 134 (1923)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Malva sylvestris subsp. subacaulis (Maire) Maire; Jahand. & Maire, Cat. Pl. Maroc: 481 (1932)
species :
Malva subovata (DC.) Molero & J.M.Monts.; Fontqueria 55(38): 288 (2005), nom. nov.
subspecies :
subsp. subovata
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; Baleares; France; +Monaco; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia
12 BAL COR FRA MCO POR SAR SPA 13 ITA 20 ALG MOR TUN
Synonyms: hidden
= Althaea maritima (Gouan) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 66 (1891)
= Althaea micans (L.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 66 (1891)
= Axolopha maritima (Gouan) Alef.; Oesterr. Bot. Zeitschr. 12: 259 (1862)
= Axolopha wigandii Alef.; Oesterr. Bot. Zeitschr. 12: 259 (1862)
= Lavatera africana Cav.; Diss. 5: 282 (1788), nom. illeg. (non Mill. (1768))
= Lavatera gallica Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 128 (1878), pro syn.
= Lavatera hispanica Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. VIII. n. 9 (1768)
= Lavatera maritima Gouan; Ill. Observ. Bot.: 46 (1773)
= Lavatera maritima subsp. rupestris (Pomel) Greuter & Burdet; Willdenowia 12: 198 (1982)
= Lavatera maritima var. purpurea Maire & Wilczek; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 26: 195 (1935)
= Lavatera maritima var. rupestris (Pomel) Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 22: 282 (1931)
= Lavatera maritima var. trilobata Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 4: 46 (1897)
= Lavatera micans L.; Sp. Pl.: 690 (1753), nom. utique rej.
= Lavatera rupestris Pomel; Nouv. Mat. Fl. Atlant.: 343 (1875)
= Lavatera subovata DC.; Prodr. [DC.] 1: 439 (1824)
= Malva africana (Cav.) Soldano, Banfi & Galasso; Atti Soc. Ital. Sci. Nat. Mus. Civico Storia Nat. Milano 146(2): 229 (2005), nom. illeg., homonym
= Malva maritima (Gouan) Pau; Not. Bot. Fl. Españ. 3: 29 (1889), nom. illeg.
= Malva micans (L.) Alef.; Oesterr. Bot. Zeitschr. 12: 258 (1862)
= Malva subovata subsp. rupestris (Pomel) Molero & J.M.Monts.; Lagascalia 26: 153 (2006)
= Malva wigandii (Alef.) M.F.Ray; Novon 8(3): 293 (1998), nom. nov. superfl.
= Olbia canescens Moench; Suppl. Meth. (Moench) 200 (1802)
= Olbia micans (L.) Moench; Methodus (Moench) 613 (1794)
subspecies :
subsp. bicolor (Rouy) Iamonico; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 47: 313 (2010)
Distribution: SE-France; NW-Italy
12 FRA 13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Lavatera bicolor Rouy; J. Bot. (Morot) 11: 86 (1897)
= Lavatera maritima subsp. bicolor (Rouy) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 4: 46 (1897)
= Lavatera maritima var. bicolor (Rouy) Fiori & Paol.; Fiori et al., Fl. Anal. Italia 2: 265 (1901)
= Malva africana subsp. bicolor (Rouy) Soldano, Banfi & Galasso; Atti Soc. Ital. Sci. Nat. Mus. Civico Storia Nat. Milano 146(2): 230 (2005)
= Malva wigandii f. bicolor (Rouy) B.Bock; Bull. Soc. Bot. Centre-Ouest 42: 276 (2012)
species :
Malva sylvestris L.; Sp. Pl.: 689 (1753)
Name: Wilde Malve (DE); High Mallow, Garden Mallow (EN); Malvilla (ES); Mauve des bois (FR)
Distribution: Svalbard [I]; England; Ireland; Denmark; Norway; Sweden; Finland; Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; Andorra; Gibraltar; Baleares; France; Channel Isl.; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Pantelleria; Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); Malta; San Marino; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Estonia [I]; Latvia [I]; Lithuania [I]; Belarus; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; N-European Russia; W-European Russia; Ukraine; Crimea; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt (NE-Egypt, Nile Delta); Azores (Faial); Madeira (Madeira Isl.); N-Chad; Angola [I]; Zimbabwe [I]; South Africa [I] (N-Cape Prov. [I]); La Réunion [I]; Siberia (Altai, Chita [I], Irkutsk [I], W-Siberia [I]); Russian Far East [I] (Amur [I], Primorye [I], Sakhalin [I]); Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iraq (SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia); Iran (EC-Iran, E-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, S-Iran, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Badakshan, Faryab, Ghazni, Kabul); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, SW-Cyprus); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, C-Syrian Desert, NW-Syria, Jbel Druze); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, Negev Desert, N-Israel, Judean Desert); Sinai peninsula (N-Sinai, C-Sinai); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); South Korea [I]; Japan [I]; Taiwan [I]; Pakistan [I]; India (Assam, Delhi, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand); Bangladesh [I]; Myanmar [I]; Java; Australia [I] (Victoria [I]); New Zealand [I]; Chatham Isl. [I]; Canada [I] (Alberta [I], British Columbia [I], New Brunswick [I], Nova Scotia [I], Ontario [I], Quebec [I], Saskatchewan [I]); USA [I] (Arizona [I], California [I], Colorado [I], Connecticut [I], District of Columbia [I], Delaware [I], Iowa [I], Idaho [I], Illinois [I], Indiana [I], Kansas [I], Kentucky [I], Louisiana [I], Massachusetts [I], Maryland [I], Maine [I], Michigan [I], Minnesota [I], Missouri [I], Montana [I], North Carolina [I], North Dakota [I], Nebraska [I], New Hampshire [I], New Jersey [I], New Mexico [I], New York [I], Ohio [I], Oregon [I], Pennsylvania [I], Rhode Island [I], South Carolina [I], South Dakota [I], Tennessee [I], Texas [I], Utah [I], Virginia [I], Vermont [I], Washington State [I], Wisconsin [I], West Virginia [I], Wyoming [I]); Mexico [I]; Honduras [I]; Dominican Republic [I]; Haiti [I]; Venezuela [I]; Ecuador [I]; Peru [I]; Brazil [I]; Uruguay [I]; Argentina [I]; Chile [I] (Antofagasta [I], Valparaíso [I], Metropolitana de Santiago [I], Aisén [I]); Tristan da Cunha [I]
10 DEN FIN GRB IRE NOR sva SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 ADO BAL CIS COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MLT MNT NMA PEL PTL ROM SIC SLV SMA SRB TUE 14 BLR est KRY lat lit RUS UKR 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 21 AZO MDR 24 CHA 26 ang zim 27 saf 29 reu 30 SIB 31 rfe 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SIN SYR TUR 38 jap kor tai 40 ban IND pak 41 mya 42 JAW 50 aus 51 ctm nzl 71 cdn 72 cdn 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa 79 mex 80 hon 81 his 82 ven 83 ecu per 84 bra 85 arg cle uru 91 tdc
Synonyms: hidden
= Althaea godronii Alef.; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 12: 261 (1862)
= Althaea vulgaris (Gray) Alef.; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 12: 260 (1862)
= Malva acutiloba K.Koch; Linnaea 19: 58 (1847)
= Malva acutiloba Sennen; Bol. Soc. Ibér. Ci. Nat. 25: 221 (1926 publ. 1927), nom. illeg.
= Malva albiflora C.Presl; J. & C. Presl, Delic. Prag.: 29 (1822)
= Malva altissima Sennen; Bol. Soc. Ibér. Ci. Nat. 25: 220 (1926 publ. 1927)
= Malva ambigua Guss.; Fl. Sicul. Prodr. 2: 331 (1828)
= Malva ambigua var. microphylla Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 4: 35 (1897)
= Malva aragonensis Sennen; Diagn. Nouv.: 29 (1936)
= Malva ciliata Wall.; Numer. List: no. 1878 (1829), nom. inval.
= Malva elata Pomel; Nouv. Mat. Fl. Atl. 2: 345 (1875), nom. illeg.
= Malva elata Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton: 381 (1796)
= Malva equina Wallr.; Erst. Beitr. Fl. Hercyn. 2: 241 (1840)
= Malva erecta C.Presl; J. & C. Presl, Delic. Prag.: 30 (1822)
= Malva erevaniana Takht.; Index Seminum (BGAAS, Erevanensis) 1940: 39 (1940)
= Malva glabra Desr.; Lam. Encyc. 3: 752 (1792)
= Malva grossheimii Iljin; J. Bot. URSS 34: 280 (1949)
= Malva gymnocarpa Pomel; Nouv. Mat. Fl. Atl. 2: 345 (1875)
= Malva hirsuta J.Presl; Fl. Sicula: 175 (1826) (non Ten. 1811-1815)
= Malva hirsuta Viv.; Fl. Cors. Prodr.: 12 (1824), nom. illeg.
= Malva longilobata Sennen; Bol. Soc. Ibér. Ci. Nat. 26: 76 (1927)
= Malva lucida Lindl.; Edwards´s Bot. Reg. 25(Misc.): 82 (1839)
= Malva major Garsault; Fig. Pl. Méd.: t. 357 (1764), opus utique rej.
= Malva martrinii Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 4: 35 (1897)
= Malva mauritanica Spreng.; Syst. Veg. ed. 16. 3: 90 (1826), nom. superfl.
= Malva orientalis Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. 8.: no. 3 (1768)
= Malva plebeia Steven; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 29(I): 325 (1856)
= Malva polymorpha Guss.; Fl. Sicul. Syn. 2(1): 226 (1844)
= Malva pumila Retz.; Observ. Bot. 3: 37 (1783)
= Malva racemosa C.Presl; J. & C. Presl, Delic. Prag.: 29 (1822)
= Malva recta Opiz; Boehm. Gew. 83 (1823)
= Malva rotundifolia Cav.; Diss. 2: 79 (1786), nom. illeg.
= Malva ruderalis Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 381 (1796)
= Malva sylvestris f. albiflora Matvejeva; Prilozi Oddel. Biol. Med. Nauki Makedonska Akad. Nauk. Umet. 7: 28 (1986), without type.
= Malva sylvestris f. vestita Pamp.; Boll. Mus. Republ. San Marino 4: 116 (1920)
= Malva sylvestris lusus nivea Priszter; Bot. Közlem. 59: 45 (1972)
= Malva sylvestris proles ambigua (Guss.) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 4: 35 (1897)
= Malva sylvestris proles martrinii Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 4: 35 (1897)
= Malva sylvestris subsp. ambigua (Guss.) P.Fourn.; Quatre Fl. France: 607 (1937)
= Malva sylvestris subsp. ambigua (Guss.) Thell.; Vierteljahrsschr. Naturf. Ges. Zürich 56: 281 (1911 publ. 1912)
= Malva sylvestris subsp. erecta (C.Presl) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 130 (1878)
= Malva sylvestris subsp. subacaulis Maire; Jahand. et al., Cat. Pl. Maroc 2: 481 (1932)
= Malva sylvestris subsp. vivianiana (Rouy) P.Fourn.; Quatre Fl. France: 607 (1937)
= Malva sylvestris var. ambigua (Guss.) Batt.; Fl. Algérie [Batt. & Trab.] Dicot.: 112 (1888)
= Malva sylvestris var. angustiloba Celak.; 515 (1875)
= Malva sylvestris var. erecta Opiz; 436 (1826), nom. inval.
= Malva sylvestris var. erecta Wirtg.; 30 (1841)
= Malva sylvestris var. eriocarpa Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 1: 819 (1867)
= Malva sylvestris var. hirsuta (J.Presl) Rouy; Fl. France [Rouy & Foucaud] 4: 35 (1896)
= Malva sylvestris var. incanescens Griseb.; Spic. Fl. Rumel. 1: 160 (1843)
= Malva sylvestris var. latiloba Celak.; 515 (1875)
= Malva sylvestris var. orbicularis Dethard.; 54 (1828)
= Malva sylvestris var. parviflora J.J.Schmitz & Regel; 390 (1841)
= Malva sylvestris var. polymorpha (Guss.) Parl.; Fl. Ital. 5: 49 (1873)
= Malva sylvestris var. procumbens Wirtg.; 30 (1841)
= Malva sylvestris var. recta Vollm.; 519 (1914)
= Malva sylvestris var. tomentella C.Presl; Fl. Sicul. Prodr. 1: 174 (1827)
= Malva tetuanensis Pau; Mem. Real Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 12: 297 (1924)
= Malva tomentella C.Presl; Fl. Sicul.: 174 (1826)
= Malva vivianiana Rouy; J. Bot. (Morot) 11: 82 (1897)
= Malva vulgaris Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 638 (1821 publ. 1822)
= Malva zebrina Anon.; Linnaea 24: 175 (1851)
variant :
var. mauritiana (L.) Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 1: 819 (1867)
Name: Mauretanische Malve (DE)
Distribution: Europe (widespread, frequently cultivated); Germany [I]; Slovakia [I]; Slovenia [I]; Belarus [I]; Kazakhstan [I]; Turkmenistan [I]; Uzbekistan [I]; Tajikistan [I]; Iran; Afghanistan; Mongolia [I]; Pakistan [I]; India [I]; Australia [I] (Queensland [I])
11 ger slo 13 slv 14 blr 32 kaz tkm tzk uzb 34 AFG IRN 37 mon 40 ind pak 50 aus
Synonyms: hidden
= Althaea mauritiana (L.) Alef.; Oesterr. Bot. Zeitschr. 12: 260 (1862)
= Malva mauritanica (L.) Spreng.; Syst. 3: 90 (1826)
= Malva mauritiana L.; Sp. Pl.: 689 (1753)
= Malva obtusa Moench; Methodus (Moench) 610 (1794), nom. illeg.
= Malva sylvestris subsp. mauritiana (L.) Asch. & Graebn.; 489 (1899)
= Malva sylvestris subsp. mauritiana (L.) Cout.; Fl. Port.: 401 (1901), isonym
= Malva sylvestris var. mauritiana (L.) Mast.; Fl. Br. Ind. 1: 320 (1874), isonym
species :
Malva thuringiaca (L.) Vis.; Fl. Dalmat. 3(2): 207 (1852)
subspecies :
subsp. thuringiaca
Name: Thüringer Strauchpappel (DE), Tree lavatera (EN)
Distribution: Sweden [I]; Finland [I]; Germany (Berlin [I], Baden-Württemberg [I], Bayern [I], Hessen [I], Hessen [I], Mecklenburg-Vorpommern [I], Nordrhein-Westfalen [I], Rheinland-Pfalz [I], Schleswig-Holstein [I], Saarland [I], Sachsen [I], Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Italy; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece; Estonia [I]; Latvia [I]; Lithuania [I]; Belarus; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; Ukraine; Crimea; +Algeria [I]; Siberia (W-Siberia, Altai, Krasnoyarsk); Russian Far East [I] (Primorye [I]); Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia); Iran (Iranian Aserbaijan); Canada [I] (Manitoba [I], New Brunswick [I], Ontario [I], Quebec [I], Saskatchewan [I]); USA [I] (Minnesota [I], North Dakota [I], Wyoming [I])
10 fin swe 11 AUT CZE GER HUN POL SLO 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS NMA ROM SRB TUE 14 BLR est KRY lat lit RUS UKR 20 alg 30 SIB 31 rfe 32 KAZ KGZ 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN TUR 71 cdn 72 cdn 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Althaea thuringiaca (L.) Borbás; Magyar Bot. Lap. 2: 302 (1903), isonym
= Althaea thuringiaca (L.) Kuntze; Taschen-Fl. Leipzig: 212 (1867)
= Althaea vitifolia (Wierzb. ex Schur) Borbás; Magyar Bot. Lapok 2: 302 (1903)
= Lavatera cyrillii (Vis.) Schloss. & Vuk.; Fl. Croat.: 375 (1869)
= Lavatera salvitellensis Brign. ex Turcz.; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 31(I): 186 (1858)
= Lavatera sylvestris Cirillo ex Ten.; Fl. Napol. 1(Prodr.): XL (1812), nom. illeg.
= Lavatera thirkeana K.Koch; Linnaea 19: 58 (1847)
= Lavatera thuringiaca L.; Sp. Pl.: 691 (1753)
= Lavatera thuringiaca var. brevipedunculata Parsa; Fl. Iran 9: 228 (1966)
= Lavatera thuringiaca var. palmata Regel; Index Seminum (LE, Petropolitanus) 1866(Suppl.): 36 (1867 publ. 1868)
= Lavatera thuringiaca var. vitifolia Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 129 (1866)
= Lavatera vitifolia Wierzb. ex Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv. 129 (1866)
= Lavatera vulgaris H.Mart.; Fl. Mosq. 121 (1817), nom. illeg.
= Malva cyrillii Vis.; Fl. Dalmat. 3: 207 (1851)
= Malva thirkeana (K.Koch) Alef.; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 12: 258 (1862)
= Olbia heterophylla Moench; Suppl. Meth. (Moench) 201 (1802), nom. illeg.
= Olbia thuringiaca (L.) Medik.; Malv. 42 (1787)
subspecies :
subsp. ambigua (DC.) Valdés; Willdenowia 41(2): 319 (2011)
Distribution: Italy; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Albania; Greece
13 ALB BIH CRO GRC ITA KOS MNT SRB
Synonyms: hidden
= Althaea ambigua (DC.) Alef.; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 12: 260 (1862)
= Althaea ambigua (DC.) Borbás; Magyar Bot. Lap. 2: 302 (1903)
= Althaea muricata (Pancic) Borbás; Magyar Bot. Lap. 2: 302 (1903)
= Lavatera ambigua DC.; Prodr. 1: 440 (1824)
= Lavatera ambigua f. muricata (Pancic) Beck; Glasn. Zemaljsk. Muz. Bosni Hercegovini 30: 211 (1919)
= Lavatera muricata Pancic; Verh. Zool.-Bot. Vereins Wien 6: 497 (1856)
= Lavatera thuringiaca subsp. ambigua (DC.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 128 (1878)
species :
Malva tournefortiana L.; Cent. Pl. 1: 21 (1755)
Name: Tournefort-Malve (DE)
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; Andorra; France; Morocco
12 ADO FRA POR SPA 20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Bismalva tournefortiana (L.) Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, N. S. 17: 195 (1869)
= Malva alcea subsp. tournefortiana (L.) Bonnier; Fl. Ill. France 2: 76 (1913)
= Malva colmeiroi var. juressi Mariz; Bol. Soc. Brot. 8: 156 (1890)
= Malva colmeiroi var. mariziana (Boiss. & Reut.) Cout.; Bol. Soc. Brot. 11: 114 (1893)
= Malva colmeiroi var. minor Lange; Vidensk. Meddel. Naturhist. Foren. Kjøbenhavn 1865: 117 (1866)
= Malva colmeiroi var. subintegra Merino; Fl. Galicia 1: 257 (1905)
= Malva colmeiroi Willk.; Linnaea 30: 93 (1860)
= Malva cuneata Merino; Algunas Pl. Raras 31 (1895)
= Malva hornemannii Bubani; Fl. Pyren. (Bubani) 3: 301 (1901)
= Malva italica var. angustisecta (Cout.) Cout.; Fl. Portugal: 400 (1913)
= Malva italica var. confusa (Cout.) Cout.; Fl. Portugal: 400 (1913)
= Malva italica var. flabellata (Cout.) Merino; Brotéria, Sér. Bot. 11: 115 (1913)
= Malva italica var. reichenbachiana (Boiss. & Reut.) Cout.; Brotéria, Sér. Bot. 11: 115 (1913)
= Malva maritima Lam.; Fl. Franç. (Lam.) 3: 140 (1779)
= Malva morenii var. angustisecta (Boiss. & Reut.) Cout.; Bol. Soc. Brot. 11: 112 (1893)
= Malva morenii var. confusa (Boiss. & Reut.) Cout.; Bol. Soc. Brot. 11: 112 (1893)
= Malva morenii var. flabellata (Boiss. & Reut.) Cout.; Bol. Soc. Brot. 11: 113 (1893)
= Malva morenii var. reichenbachiana (Boiss. & Reut.) Cout.; Bol. Soc. Brot. 11: 112 (1893)
= Malva moschata subsp. tournefortiana (L.) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 4: 32 (1897)
= Malva moschata var. geraniifolia Lange; Vidensk. Meddel. Naturhist. Foren. Kjøbenhavn 1866: 217 (1866)
= Malva tenuifolia Desr.; Lam. Encyc. 3: 750 (1792)
= Malva tournefortiana proles colmeiroi (Willk.) Samp.; Lista Esp. Herb. Port.: 75 (1913)
= Malva tournefortiana proles lusitanica Samp.; Man. Fl. Port.: 270 (1911)
= Malva tournefortiana var. colmeiroi (Willk.) Samp.; Man. Fl. Port.: 271 (1911)
= Malva tournefortiana var. dissectifolia Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 31: 15 (1940)
= Malva tournefortiana var. lusitanica (Boiss. & Reut.) Cout.; Bol. Soc. Brot., sér. 2, 7: 151 (1931)
= Malva tournefortiana var. minor (Boiss. & Reut.) Cout.; Bol. Soc. Brot., sér. 2, 7: 151 (1931)
= Malva tournefortiana var. subintegrifolia Maire & Weiller; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 31: 15 (1940)
= Malva tournefortii Timb.-Lagr.; Bull. Soc. Dauphin. Échange Pl. 2: 39 (1875)
species :
Malva trifida Cav.; Diss. 5, Quinta Diss. Bot. 280 (t. 137, f. 2) (1788)
Distribution: C- & S-Spain
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Dinacrusa aegyptia subsp. stipulacea (Cav.) G.Krebs; Feddes Repert. 105(5-6): 309 (1994)
= Malva aegyptia subsp. stipulacea (Cav.) O.Bolòs & Vigo; But. Inst. Catalana Hist. Nat., 38 Bot. 1: 80 (1974)
= Malva aegyptia subsp. trifida (Cav.) O.Bolòs, Vigo, Masalles & Ninot; Fl. Man. Països Catalans: 1214 (1990)
= Malva hispanica Asso; Syn. Stirp. Aragon. 90 (1779) non L.
= Malva tournefortiana Asso ex Loscos & Pardo; Ser. Inconf. Pl. Aragon., ed. 2: 75 (1867), nom. illeg.
= Malva stipulacea Cav.; Diss. 2: 62. t. 15, f. 2 (1786)
= Malva triloba Cav.; Anal. Cienc. Nat. 6: 338 (1803)
species :
Malva trimestris (L.) Salisb.; Prodr. 381 (1796)
Name: Dreimonats-Strauchpappel (DE); Royal Mallow (EN)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Hungary [I]; Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Malta; Estonia [I]; Belarus [I]; C-European Russia [I]; Ukraine [I]; Crimea [I]; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Azores [I] (Faial [I]); South Africa [I] (E-Cape Prov. [I]); Russian Far East [I] (Primorye [I]); East Aegaean Isl.; East Aegaean Isl. (Rhodos); Turkey (SSW-Anatolia); Lebanon (coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel); Jordania (W-Jordania); China [I] (Beijing [I]); Taiwan [I]; Vietnam [I]; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I]); New Zealand [I]; USA [I] (California [I], Connecticut [I], Missouri [I], Texas [I], Vermont [I])
11 ger hun 12 BAL COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 ITA MLT SIC 14 blr est kry rus ukr 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN 21 azo 27 saf 31 rfe 34 EAI ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR 36 chi 38 tai 41 vie 50 aus 51 nzl 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Althaea africana (Mill.) Borbás; Magyar Bot. Lapok 2: 302 (1903), nom. illeg.
= Althaea trimestris (L.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 66 (1891)
= Lavatera africana Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. VIII. n. 2 (1768)
= Lavatera alba Medik.; Malv. 41 (1787)
= Lavatera altheifolia Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. VIII. n. 1 (1768)
= Lavatera grandiflora Lam.; Fl. Franç. (Lam.) 3: 137 (1779)
= Lavatera grandiflora Moench; 614 (1794), nom. illeg.
= Lavatera meonantha Link; Handbuch 2: 359 (1831)
= Lavatera moschata Miergues; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 5: 593 (1858), nom. illeg.
= Lavatera pseudotrimestris Rouy ex Cout.; Bol. Soc. Brot. 11: 127 (1893)
= Lavatera rosea Medik.; Malv. 40 (1787), nom. superfl.
= Lavatera trimestris f. colorata Gattef. & Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 39: 130 (1949)
= Lavatera trimestris L.; Sp. Pl.: 692 (1753)
= Lavatera trimestris var. brachypoda Pérez Lara; Bol. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 24: 329 (1896)
= Lavatera trimestris var. malviformis Ball; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 16: 376 (1877)
= Lavatera trimestris var. moschata Batt. & Trab.; Fl. Algérie [Batt. & al.] 1: 115 (1888)
= Malva africana (Mill.) Steud.; Nomencl. Bot. 1: 506 (1821)
= Malva trimestris (L.) G.H.Loos; Jahrb. Bochum. Bot. Vereins (2010), isonym
= Malva trimestris var. brachypoda (Pérez Lara) Verloove & Lambinon; New J. Bot. 1(1): 40 (2011)
= Malva trimestris var. moschata (Batt. & Trab.) Iamonico; Acta Bot. Croat. 77(1): 33 (2018)
= Stegia lavatera DC.; Fl. Fr. 4: 835 (1805), nom. superfl.
= Stegia trimestris (L.) Luque & Devesa; Lagascalia 14(2): 237 (1986)
= Stegia trimestris (L.) Risso; Fl. Nice: 96 (1844)
= Stegia trimestris var. brachypoda (Pérez Lara) Luque & Devesa; Lagascalia 14(2): 238 (1986)
species :
Malva unguiculata (Desf.) Alef.; Österr. Bot. Zeitschr. 12: 258 (1862)
Name: Zaunrübenblättrige Strauchpappel (DE); Bryony-leaved Tree-mallow (EN)
Distribution: ?Italy; Sicily; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Libya; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus); Israel (N-Israel)
13 GRC KRI SIC 20 LBY 34 CYP EAI ISR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Althaea unguiculata (Desf.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 66 (1891)
= Lavatera bryoniifolia Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. 8: Lavatera n 11 (1768) non L.
= Lavatera sphaciotica Gand.; Fl. Cret.: 19 (1916)
= Lavatera tomentosa Dum.Cours.; Bot. Cult. ed. 2, 5: 74 (1811) (nom. illeg.)
= Lavatera unguiculata Desf.; Hist. Arbr. France: 471 (1809)
species :
Malva valdesii (Molero & J.M.Monts.) Soldano, Banfi & Galasso; Atti Soc. Ital. Sci. Nat. Mus. Civico Storia Nat. Milano 152(2): 95 (2011)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Lavatera valdesii Molero & J.M.Monts.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 153(4): 446 (2007)
= Malva valdesii (Molero & J.M.Monts.) Valdés; Willdenowia 41(2): 319 (2011), isonym
species :
Malva verticillata L.; Sp. Pl.: 689 (1753)
Name: Quirl-Malve (DE); Cluster mallow (EN)
Distribution: England [I]; Netherlands [I]; Germany [I]; Switzerland [I]; Liechtenstein [I]; Austria [I]; Poland [I]; Czech Republic [I]; Slovakia [I]; Hungary [I]; Spain [I]; France [I]; Channel Isl. [I]; Italy [I]; Croatia [I]; Romania [I]; Bulgaria [I]; Greece [I]; Estonia [I]; Latvia [I]; Lithuania [I]; Belarus; European Russia [I]; Ukraine [I]; Libya [I]; Sudan; Ethiopia; Zimbabwe [I]; Namibia [I]; South Africa [I]; Lesotho [I]; Madagascar [I]; Siberia (W-Siberia, Altai, Buryatia, Chita, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Yakutia); Russian Far East (Amur, Khabarovsk [I], Primorye); Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Iran (W-Iran); Afghanistan (Badakshan, Wakhan); Saudi Arabia (Asir); Yemen (N-Inner Yemen, W-Yemen); China (Anhui, Beijing, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hebei, Henan, Hongkong, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Jilin, Liaoning, Macao, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanghai, Shanxi, Sichuan, Tianjin, Xinjiang, Yunnan, Zhejiang); Tibet; Mongolia; South Korea [I]; Japan [I]; Pakistan (Baluchistan, Gilgit, Baltistan, Astor); Nepal; Bhutan; India (Arunachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir); Vietnam; South China Sea Isl.; Canada [I] (Alberta [I], Manitoba [I], New Brunswick [I], Nova Scotia [I], Ontario [I], Prince Edward Isl. [I], Quebec [I], Saskatchewan [I]); USA [I] (California [I], Colorado [I], Connecticut [I], District of Columbia [I], Delaware [I], Iowa [I], Illinois [I], Massachusetts [I], Maryland [I], Maine [I], Michigan [I], Minnesota [I], Missouri [I], North Dakota [I], Nebraska [I], New Hampshire [I], New Jersey [I], New Mexico [I], New York [I], Ohio [I], Pennsylvania [I], Rhode Island [I], Utah [I], Vermont [I], Washington State [I], Wisconsin [I], West Virginia [I], Wyoming [I]); Mexico [I]; Peru [I]; Chile [I] (Antofagasta [I])
10 grb 11 aut cze ger hun lie net pol slo swi 12 cis fra spa 13 bul cro grc ita rom 14 BLR est lat lit rus ukr 20 lby 24 ETH SUD 26 zim 27 les nam saf 29 mdg 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ KGZ 34 AFG IRN 35 SAU YEM 36 CHI TIB 37 MON 38 jap kor 40 BHU IND NEP PAK 41 VIE 42 SCS 71 cdn 72 cdn 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa 79 mex 83 per 85 cle
Synonyms: hidden
= Althaea crispa (L.) Alef.; Oesterr. Bot. Zeitschr. 12: 261 (1862)
= Althaea verticillata (L.) Alef.; Oesterr. Bot. Zeitschr. 12: 261 (1862)
= Malva abyssinica A.Braun; Flora 24: 279 (1841)
= Malva alchemillifolia Wall.; Numer. List no. 52, n. 1889d (1829), nom. nud.
= Malva brevifolia Gilib.; Fl. Lit. Inch. 1: 64 (1782), opus utique oppr.
= Malva crispa (L.) L.; Syst. Nat. ed. 10: 1147 (1759)
= Malva glomerata G.Don; Hort. Brit. [Loudon] 286 (1830)
= Malva hybrida Steud.; Nomencl. Bot. [Steud.], ed. 2. 2: 94 (1841), nom. inval.
= Malva meluca Graebn. ex Medw.; Trudy Prikl. Bot., Ser. 11, Novye Kul´t 1: 3 (1936)
= Malva mohileviensis Downar; Bull. Soc. Nat. Mosc. 34: I. 177 (1861)
= Malva montana Forssk.; Fl. Aeg.-Arab. 124 (1775)
= Malva neilgherrensis Wight; Ic. Pl. Ind. Or. 3: t. 950 (1845)
= Malva nepalensis Steud.; Nom. ed. II. 2: 95 (1841)
= Malva olitoria Nakata; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 27: 130 (1913)
= Malva pulchella Bernh.; Sel. Sem. Hort. Erfurt. no. 8 (1832)
= Malva pulchella Colla; Herb. Pedem. 1: 385 (1833), nom. illeg.
= Malva pulchella var. abyssinica (A.Braun) Hedl.; Bot. Not. 1891: 70 (1891)
= Malva pulchella var. microphylla Hedl.; Bot. Not. 1891: 70 (1891)
= Malva verticillata subsp. crispa (L.) Murr; 198 (1923)
= Malva verticillata subsp. crispa (L.) P.Fourn.; Quatre Fl. France: 607 (1936)
= Malva verticillata subsp. crispa (L.) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 32: 184 (2000)
= Malva verticillata subsp. pulchella (Bernh.) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 32: 184 (2000)
= Malva verticillata var. crispa L.; Sp. Pl. (ed. 2) 970 (1763)
= Malva verticillata var. olitoria (Nakata) Nakai; Fl. Sylv. Kor. 21: 105 (1936)
variant :
var. chinensis (Mill.) S.Y.Hu; Fl. China Family 153: 6 (1955)
Distribution: China (Anhui, Gansu, Guangdong, Guizhou, Hebei, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Yunnan, Zhejiang)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Malva chinensis Mill.; Gard. Dict. (ed. 8) 670 (1768)
= Malva verticillata subsp. chinensis (Mill.) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 32: 184 (2000)
variant :
var. rafiqii Abedin; Fl. W. Pakistan, 130: 45 (1979)
Distribution: China; Pakistan; India (Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh); Bangladesh
36 CHI 40 BAN IND PAK
species :
Malva vidalii (Pau) Molero & J.M.Monts.; Fontqueria 55(38): 290 (2005)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Lavatera vidalii Pau; Bol. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 22: 58 (1922)
species :
Malva waziristanensis Blatt.; J. Ind. Bot. Soc. 9: 202 (1930)
Distribution: Pakistan (Waziristan)
40 PAK
species :
Malva weinmanniana (Besser ex Rchb.) Conran; J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 1: 21 (2012)
Distribution: Australia (Western Australia, Northern Territory, South Australia, Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Althaea plebeia (Sims) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 66 (1891)
= Althaea plebeia (Sims) Schult. ex Steud.; Nom. ed. II. 1: 66 (1840)
= Lavatera australis A.Cunn. ex Hook.f.; Hook. J. Bot. 2: 412 (1840)
= Lavatera behriana (Schltdl.) Schltdl.; Linnaea 24: 699 (1851)
= Lavatera hispida Sims; Bot. Mag. 48: t. 2269 (1821), nom. illeg.
= Lavatera plebeia Sims; Bot. Mag. 48: t. 2269 (1821)
= Lavatera plebeia var. eremaea J.M.Black; Fl. S. Austral. 4: 373 (1929)
= Lavatera plebeia var. tomentosa Hook.; J. Bot. (Hooker) 2: 412 (1840)
= Lavatera weinmanniana Besser; Hort. Cremen. (1823), ex Rchb. Ic. Bot. Exot. 45. t. 60
= Malva australiana M.F.Ray; Novon 8(3): 291 (1998), nom. nov.
= Malva behriana Schltdl.; Linnaea 20: 633 (1847)
species :
Malva xizangensis Y.S.Ye, L.Fu & D.X.Duan; Pakistan J. Bot. 47(1): 109 (2015)
Distribution: Tibet
36 TIB
species :
Malva ×adulterina Wallr.; Erst. Beitr. Fl. Hercyn. 2: 241 (1840)
Distribution: Europe; Germany (Niedersachsen, Thüringen); etc.
11 GER
Remarks: Malva neglecta x M. pusilla
Synonyms: hidden
= Malva ×hybrida Celak.; Prodr. Fl. Böhmen 3: 515 (1875)
species :
Malva ×arbosii Sennen; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 74: 363 (1927)
Distribution: Europe
Remarks: Malva parviflora x M. sylvestris
Synonyms: hidden
= Malva ×barcinonensis Sennen; Fl. Catal.: 35 (1917)
species :
Malva ×clementii (Cheek) Stace; Watsonia 27: 369 (2009)
Distribution: Europe
Remarks: Malva olbia x M. thuringiaca
Synonyms: hidden
= Lavatera ×clementii Cheek; Kew Bull. 55: 1013 (2000)
species :
Malva ×columbretensis (Juan & M.B.Crespo) Juan & M.B.Crespo; Flora Montiber. 4 (2011)
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
Remarks: Malva arborea x M. durieui
Synonyms: hidden
= Lavatera ×columbretensis Juan & M.B.Crespo; Flora Montiber. 41: 5 (3-9) (2009)
species :
Malva ×egarensis Cadevall; Butl. Inst. Catalana Hist. Nat. 2: 84 (1902)
Distribution: Spain; etc.
12 SPA
Remarks: Malva alcea x M. sylvestris
species :
Malva ×inodora Ponert; Feddes Repert. 73: 93 (1966)
Distribution: Europe
Remarks: Malva moschata x M. sylvestris
species :
Malva ×intermedia Boreau; Fl. Centre France ed. 2: 98 (1849)
Distribution: Germany (Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland); etc.
11 GER
Remarks: Malva alcea x M. moschata
Synonyms: hidden
= Malva ×intermedia var. pseudobismalva L.C.Lamb.; 7 (1906)
species :
Malva ×litoralis Dethard. ex Rchb.; Fl. Germ. Excurs. 2: 771 (1832)
Distribution: Europe
Remarks: Malva neglecta x M. sylvestris
Synonyms: hidden
= Malva ×decipiens Chatenier ex Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 4: 36 (1897)
= Malva ×zoernigii Fleisch.; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 52: 357 (1902)
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A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 18.4 (Feb. 11th, 2024)

Covering 354,025 accepted species,
9,095 hybrids, 47,879 accepted infraspecific taxa and 995,101 synonyms,
in total 1,406,100* names

[*about 25,000 dubious, "unplaced" names and about 4,000 invalid names (Art. 24.3) like "typicus" are deliberately omitted]


With complete, detailed distribution data (countries and regions) and literature references

Arranged in linear phylogenetic sequence reflecting true relationships

Fully searchable and continously updated

With 38,290 pictures of 15,532 species

Assembled through 40 years independently from other databases

In cooperation with Catalogue of Life