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Ver. 18.4
Feb. 11th, 2024

257.0000 Family Fabaceae Lindl.; Edwards´ Bot. Reg. 22: ad t. 1845 (1836), nom. cons., nom. alt.
728 genera, ca. 22.300 spp. Phylogeny and new subfamily system: Azani et al. (LPWG) (2017)
Species listed in database: 22250; hybrids: 146
= Acaciaceae E.Mey.; Comm. Pl. Afr. Austr. 1: 164 (1836)
= Aspalathaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 51 (1820)
= Astragalaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 229 (1820)
= Bauhiniaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 67 (1820)
= Caesalpiniaceae R.Br.; M. Flinders, Voy. Terra Austral. 2: 551 (1814), nom. cons.
= Cassiaceae Vest; Anleit. Stud. Bot.: 270, 291 (1818)
= Ciceraceae Steele; Handb. Field Bot.: xx, 63 (1847)
= Coronillaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 162 (1820)
= Cytisaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 229 (1820)
= Dalbergiaceae Mart.; Consp. Regn. Veg.: 34 (1835)
= Daleaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 230 (1820)
= Detariaceae (DC.) J.Hess; Uebers. Phan. Nat. Pfl.-Fam.: 46 (1832)
= Galedupaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 277 (1820)
= Geoffroeaceae Mart.; Consp. Regn. Veg.: 34 (1835)
= Hedysaraceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 230 (1820)
= Inocarpaceae Zoll.; Syst. Verz. 2: 117 (1854-1855)
= Lathyraceae Burnett; Outlines Bot.: 660, 1092, 1138 (1835)
= Leguminosae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 345 (1789), nom. cons.
= Lotaceae Oken; Lehrb. Naturgesch. 2(2.2): xv, 727 (1826)
= Mimosaceae R.Br.; M. Flinders, Voy. Terra Austral. 2: 551 (1814), nom. cons.
= Papilionaceae Giseke; Prael. Ord. Nat. Pl.: 415 (1792), nom. cons., nom. alt.
= Phaseolaceae Mart.; Consp. Regn. Veg.: 34 (1835)
= Robiniaceae Vest; Anleit. Stud. Bot.: 270, 291 (1818)
= Sophoraceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 229 (1820)
= Swartziaceae Bartl.; Ord. Nat. Pl.: 231, 413 (1830)
= Tamarindaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 622 (1820)
= Trifoliaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 230 (1820)
= Viciaceae Oken; Lehrb. Naturgesch. 2(2.2): xv (1826)
257.9303 Genus Medicago L.; Sp. Pl.: 778 (1753)
Distribution: Europe (mostly Mediterranean), tropical (3) and S-(1) Africa, W- and C-Asia eastward to China and Russian Far East, south to India and Australasia. The distribution of species between Trigonella and Medicago is sometimes controversial.
Species listed in database: 85; hybrids: 6
= Cochleata Medik.; Vorles. Churpfälz. Phys.-Ökon. Ges. 2: 385 (1787)
= Diploprion Viv.; Fl. Lib. Spec. 48, t. 19 (1824)
= Factorovskya Eig; Zionist Org. Inst. Agric. & Nat. Hist., Bull. 6, 11 (1927) (1 sp. E-Medit. east to Iran)
= Lupulina Noulet; Fl. Bassin Sous-pyren. 156 (1837)
= Medica Mill.; Gard. Dict. Abridg. Ed. 4 (1754)
= Medicula Medik.; Vorles. Churpf. Phys. Ges. 2: 386 (1787)
= Pseudomelissitus Ovcz., Rassulova & Kinzik.; Fl. Tadzhikistana 5: 629, 328 (1978)
= Radiata Medik.; Phil. Bot. 1: 208 (1789)
= Rhodusia Vassilcz.; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 9: 204 (1972)
= Spirocarpus Opiz; Seznam, 93 (1852)
= Trifillium Medik.; Vorles. Churph. Phys. Ges. 2: 383 (1787)
species :
Medicago arabica (L.) Huds.; Fl. Angl.: 288 (1762)
Name: Arabischer Schneckenklee (DE); Spotted Medick (EN)
Distribution: England; Ireland [I]; Sweden [I]; Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany [I]; Switzerland [I]; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; Baleares; France; Channel Isl.; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Malta; San Marino; Slovenia [I]; Croatia [I]; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Estonia [I]; European Russia; Ukraine; Crimea; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt (NW-coastal Egypt); Azores [I] (Terceira [I], Faial [I]); Canary Isl. (Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Palma Isl.); Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iraq; Cyprus (C-Mountains, N-Cyprus); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria); China [I] (Fujian [I], Guangdong [I], Guangxi [I], Hainan [I], Hunan [I], Jiangsu [I]); Japan [I] (Honshu [I], Shikoku [I]); Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); New Zealand [I]; Chatham Isl. [I]; Canada [I] (British Columbia [I], New Brunswick [I]); USA [I] (Alabama [I], Arkansas [I], California [I], Connecticut [I], District of Columbia [I], Florida [I], Georgia [I], Illinois [I], Louisiana [I], Massachusetts [I], Maine [I], Missouri [I], Mississippi [I], Montana [I], North Carolina [I], New Jersey [I], Oklahoma [I], Oregon [I], Pennsylvania [I], Rhode Island [I], South Carolina [I], Tennessee [I], Texas [I], Virginia [I], Vermont [I], Washington State [I]); Costa Rica [I]; Bolivia [I]; Paraguay [I]; Uruguay [I]; Argentina [I]; Chile [I] (Coquimbo [I], Valparaíso [I], Metropolitana de Santiago [I], O´Higgins [I], Maule [I], Ñuble [I], Biobío [I], Araucanía [I], Los Rios [I], Los Lagos [I]); Juan Fdz. Isl. [I]; Falkland Isl. [I]
10 GRB ire swe 11 BGM ger HUN LUX NET swi 12 BAL CIS COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL cro GRC ITA KOS KRI MLT MNT NMA ROM SIC slv SMA SRB TUE 14 est KRY RUS UKR 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 21 azo CNY 33 AZE GEO NCS 34 CYP EAI IRQ LEB SYR TUR 36 chi 38 jap 50 aus 51 ctm nzl 71 cdn 72 cdn 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa 80 cos 83 bol 85 arg cle jnf par uru 91 fal
Synonyms: hidden
= Medica arabica (L.) Medik.; Vorles. Churpf. Phys. Ges. 2: 386 (1787)
= Medica arabica subsp. inermis Ricker; Bur. Pl. Industr. Bull., 267: 33 (1913)
= Medica echinata Lam.; Fl. Franç. 2: 587 (1779), nom. superfl.
= Medica maculata (Willd.) Bubani; Fl. Pyren. 2: 478 (1900)
= Medicago arabica (L.) All.; Fl. Pedem. 1: 315 (1785), isonym
= Medicago arabica f. elegans Kozuharov; Bulg. Acad. Sci. 15: 74 (1965)
= Medicago arabica f. heptacycla Urb.; Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb. 15: 74 (1873)
= Medicago arabica f. pastoralis Kozuharov; Bulg. Acad. Sci. 15: 152 (1965)
= Medicago arabica f. purpurea Burkart; Fl. Prov. Buenos Aires, 4(3a): 560 (1967)
= Medicago arabica subsp. inermis Ricker; Bull. Bur. Pl. Industr. U.S.D.A. 267: 33 (1913)
= Medicago arabica var. longispina Rouy; Fl. France [Rouy & Foucaud] 5: 35 (1899)
= Medicago arabica var. maculata (Willd.) Maire; Cat. Pl. Maroc 2: 384 (1932)
= Medicago arabica var. minor Lojac. & Pojark.; Malpighia 20: 203 (1906)
= Medicago cordata Desr.; Lam., Encycl. 3: 636 (1792)
= Medicago coronata Pall. ex M.Bieb.; Fl. Taur.-Caucas. 2: 227 (1808), nom. illeg., non (L.) Bartal. (1776)
= Medicago immaculata Schur; Verh. Naturf. Ver. Brünn 15(2): 174 (1877)
= Medicago maculata Sibth.; Fl. Oxon.: 232 (1794)
= Medicago maculata var. immaculata Schur; Verh. Naturr. Ver. Brünn 15(2): 174 (1877)
= Medicago maculata var. tetraphylla N.H.F.Desp.; Fl. Sarthe: 51 (1838)
= Medicago maculata Willd.; Sp. PI. 3: 1412 (1802) (nom. illeg.)
= Medicago oxalioides Schur; Verh. Naturf. Ver. Brünn 15(2): 174 (1877)
= Medicago polymorpha var. arabica L.; Sp. Pl.: 780 (1753)
= Medicago talyschensis Latsch.; Notul. Syst. (Paris) Geogr. Inst. Bot. Thbiliss., Fasc. 27, 76 (1969)
= Medicago tinei Lojac.; Fed. Rep. 5: 27 (1908)
species :
Medicago arborea L.; Sp. Pl.: 778 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. arborea
Name: Strauch-Schneckenklee (DE); Tree Medick (EN)
Distribution: Portugal [I]; Spain [I]; Baleares [I]; France [I]; Monaco [c]; Sardinia [I]; Italy; Sicily [I]; Malta [I]; Croatia; Albania; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Morocco [I]; Algeria [I]; Tunisia [I]; Canary Isl. [I] (Hierro [I]); Ethiopia [I]; South Africa [I]; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (W-Anatolia); Jordania (S-Jordania); China [I] (Hebei [I], Jiangsu [I]); Australia [I] (Queensland [I], Tasmania [I]); New Zealand [I]; Uruguay [I]; Chile [I] (Metropolitana de Santiago [I], Maule [I])
12 bal fra mco por sar spa 13 ALB CRO GRC ITA KRI mlt sic 20 alg mor tun 21 cny 24 eth 27 saf 34 EAI JOR TUR 36 chi 50 aus 51 nzl 85 cle uru
Remarks: arborea agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Cytisus neapolitanus Cohen-Stuart; Linn. Corresp. 1: 28 (1821)
= Medica arborea (L.) Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. VIII. n. 7 (1768)
= Medicago arborescens C.Presl; Fl. Sicul. p. 20 (1826)
= Rhodusia arborea (L.) Vassilcz.; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 9: 204 (1972)
= Trigonella arborea (L.) Vassilcz.; Acta Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS, Ser. 1, Fasc. 10, 132 (1953)
subspecies :
subsp. strasseri (Greuter, Matthäs & Risse) Sobrino & Ceresuela; Portugal. Acta Biol. 19(1-4): 236 (2000)
Distribution: Crete
13 KRI
Synonyms: hidden
= Medicago strasseri Greuter, Matthäs & Risse; Willdenowia 12: 201 (1982)
species :
Medicago archiducis-nicolai Sirj.; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1928: 270 (1928)
Distribution: China (Gansu, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Sichuan); NE-Tibet
36 CHI TIB
Synonyms: hidden
= Kamiella archiducis-nicolai (Sirj.) Vassilcz.; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 16: 134 (1979)
= Melilotoides archiducis-nicolai (Sirj.) Yakovlev; Rast. Tsentral. Azii, 8a: 86 (1988)
= Melissitus archiducis-nicolai (Sirj.) Latsch.; Zam. Sist. Geogr. Rast. 32: 18 (1976)
= Trigonella archiducis-nicolai (Sirj.) Vassilcz.; Acta Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS, Ser. 1, Fasc. 10, 172 (1953)
species :
Medicago arenicola (Hub.-Mor.) E.Small; Willdenowia 16: 433 (1987)
Distribution: Turkey (SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Trigonella arenicola Hub.-Mor.; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 29: 322 (1969)
= Trigonella halophila subsp. arenicola (Hub.-Mor.) Ponert; Feddes Repert. 83: 639 (1973)
species :
Medicago astroites (Fisch. & C.A.Mey.) Trautv.; Bull. Sci. Acad. lmp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg 8: 271 (1841)
Distribution: Turkmenistan; Armenia; Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia); Iraq (NW-Iraq, W-Iraq: Desert); Iran (EC-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran); Lebanon (Antilebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, Jazira, NW-Syria, Jbel Druze); Israel (Rift Valley, N-Negev Desert); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania)
32 TKM 33 ARM 34 IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Telis astroites (Fisch. & C.A.Mey.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 209 (1891)
= Trigonella astroites f. ainasiaca Sirj.; Publ. Fac. Sci. Univ. Masaryk Brno, 128: 27 (1930)
= Trigonella astroites Fisch. & C.A.Mey.; Index Sem. Hort. Petrop. 1: 40 (1835)
= Trigonella astroites var. subsessilis Zohary; Flora Palaestina 2: 132 (1973)
= Trigonella sinuata Boiss.; Diagn. Ser. I. 9: 18 (1849)
species :
Medicago bonarotiana Arcang.; Nuevo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 8: 5. (1876)
Name: Blanches Schneckenklee (DE); Blanche´s Medick (EN)
Distribution: Portugal [I]; Spain [I]; Italy [I]; Greece; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (S-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, N-Cyprus); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, C-Syrian Desert, Jbel Druze); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel); Jordania (W-Jordania)
12 por spa 13 GRC ita 34 CYP EAI ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR
Remarks: rotata agg. Frequently cited as ´M. x blancheana´ which is the hybrid M. bonarotiana x rotata
Synonyms: hidden
= Medicago ×blancheana subsp. bonarotiana (Arcang.) Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital.: 161 (1882)
= Medicago rotata subsp. bonarotiana (Arcang.) Ponert; Feddes Repert. 83: 639 (1973)
= Medicago ×blancheana var. inermis Post; Fl. Syria: 227 (1896)
species :
Medicago cancellata M.Bieb.; Fl. Taur. Caucasus 2: 226 (1808)
Distribution: Estonia [I]; SE-European Russia; Northern Caucasus
14 est RUS 33 NCS
Synonyms: hidden
= Medicago ciscaucasica B.Fedtsch.; Bot. Mater. Gerb. Bot. Inst. Komarova Akad. Nauk S. S. S. R. 8: 176 (1940)
species :
Medicago carica (Hub.-Mor.) E.Small; Willdenowia 16: 433 (1987)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl.; Turkey (SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia)
34 EAI TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Trigonella carica Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 2: 299 (1965)
species :
Medicago carstiensis Wulfen; Jacq. Coll. 1: 86 (1786)
Name: Karst-Schneckenklee (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Austria; NE-Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; Greece
11 AUT ger 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS MNT NMA SLV SRB
Synonyms: hidden
= Medicago carstiensis subsp. belasicae Kozuharov; Izv. Bot. Inst. (Sofia) 15: 150 (1965)
= Medicago noccae Balb.; Brugnat. Giorn. Fis. 8: 65, t. 2 (1815)
= Medicago umbellata Ser.; A. DC., Prodr. 2: 178 (1825)
species :
Medicago ciliaris (L.) All.; Fl. Pedem. 1: 315 (1785)
Name: Gefranster Schneckenklee (DE); Hairy Medick (EN)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Portugal; Spain; Baleares; France; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Malta; Croatia; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Egypt; Egypt (Desert Oases, Great Southwestern Desert, Nile Delta, Nile Valley, NW-coastal Egypt); Madeira; Canary Isl. (Tenerife, Gran Canaria); East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iraq (SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia, Western Desert); Cyprus (E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel); Sinai peninsula (N-Sinai)
11 ger 12 BAL FRA POR SAR SPA 13 CRO GRC ITA KRI MLT SIC 20 ALG EGY MOR TUN 21 CNY MDR 34 CYP EAI IRQ ISR LEB SIN SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Medica ciliaris (L.) Medik.; Vorles Chürpfälz. Phys.-Öcon. Ges. 2: 386 (1787), isonym
= Medicago ciliaris var. apiculata Urb.; Index Seminum (B) 1886: 12 (1886)
= Medicago echinus subsp. ciliaris (L.) Bonnier; Bonnier & R. C. V. Douin, 23 (1914), nom. illeg.
= Medicago intertexta subsp. ciliaris (L.) O.Bolòs & Vigo; But. Inst. Catalana Hist. Nat., 38 Bot. 1: 69 (1974)
= Medicago intertexta subsp. ciliaris (L.) Ponert; Feddes Repert. 83: 640 (1973)
= Medicago intertexta var. ciliaris (L.) Heyn; Scr. Hieros. 12: 129 (1963)
= Medicago polymorpha var. ciliaris L.; Sp. PI. 780 (1753)
species :
Medicago citrina (Font Quer) Greuter; Willdenowia 16: 112 (1986)
Distribution: Spain (Islas Columbretes); Baleares (Ibiza)
12 BAL SPA
Remarks: arborea agg.
Conservation Status: IUCN CR. Known only from few small populations on small islands
Synonyms: hidden
= Medicago arborea var. citrina Font Quer; Mém. Mus. Cl. Nat. Barcelona, Ser. Bot. l(2): 7 (1924)
= Medicago arborea subsp. citrina (Font Quer) O.Bolòs & Vigo; Butll. Inst. Catalana Hist. Nat. 38: 69 (1974)
species :
Medicago constricta Durieu; Actes Soc. L. Bordeaux 29(2): 15 (1873)
Name: Zusammengezogener Schneckenklee (DE); Contracted Medick (EN)
Distribution: Bulgaria; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (Inner Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq); Iran (S-Iran, W-Iran); Cyprus (C-Mountains, N-Cyprus); Lebanon (coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel)
13 BUL GRC KRI 34 CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Medicago globosa Urb.; Verh. Bot. Ver. Prov. Brandenb. 15: 71 (1873), non J. Presl & C. Presl (1822)
= Medicago rigidula subsp. constricta (Durieu) Ponert; Feddes Repert. 83: 640 (1973)
species :
Medicago coronata (L.) Bartal.; Cat. Plante Siena: 61 (1776)
Name: Kronen-Schneckenklee (DE); Crown Medick (EN)
Distribution: Spain; France; Corsica; Italy; Sicily; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Libya; Egypt (Great Southwestern Desert, NW-coastal Egypt); Turkmenistan; Kyrgyzstan; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (Inner Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq); Iran (EC-Iran, N-Iran, S-Iran, W-Iran); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, C-Syrian Desert, Jazira, NW-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, Judean Desert); Sinai peninsula (N-Sinai); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania)
12 COR FRA SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MNT NMA SIC SRB 20 EGY LBY 32 KGZ TKM 34 CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SIN SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Diploprion medicaginoides Viv.; Fl. Lib. Spec. 48, t. 19 (1824)
= Medica coronata (L.) Bubani; Fl. Pyr. 2: 476 (1899)
= Medica coronata (L.) Medik.; Vorles. Churpf. Phys. Ges. 2: 386 (1787)
= Medicago coronata (L.) Desr.; Lam., Encycl. 3: 634 (1792)
= Medicago coronata f. glandulosa Koc.; (1961)
= Medicago coronata var. brevipedunculata Eig; Bull. Inst. Agric. Nat. Hist. Tel-Aviv 6: 22 (1927)
= Medicago coronata var. glandulosa (Koç) Kozuharov; Bulg. Acad. Sci. 15: 163 (1965)
= Medicago coronata var. minor Heldr. ex Halácsy; Consp. Fl. Graec. 1: 367 (1901)
= Medicago coronata var. multiflora Eig; Bull. Inst. Agric. Nat. Hist. Tel-Aviv 6: 22 (1927)
= Medicago coronata var. uncata Boiss.; Fl. Or., sup. 165 (1888)
= Medicago coronata var. vermicularis (Ces.) Halácsy; Consp. Fl. Graec. 1: 367 (1901)
= Medicago libyca Spreng.; Syst. Veg. ed. 16. 3: 289 (1826)
= Medicago polymorpha var. coronata L.; Sp. Pl. 780 (1753)
= Medicago urbanii Heldr. ex Boiss.; Fl. Orient., Suppl.: 165 (1888), pro syn.
= Medicago vermicularis Ces.; Friedrichsthal, Reise Neu-Griechenl.: 274 (1838)
species :
Medicago crassipes (Boiss.) E.Small; Willdenowia 16: 433 (1987)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iran (W-Iran); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon); Syria (NW-Syria)
34 IRN LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Telis crassipes (Boiss.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 209 (1891)
= Trigonella crassipes Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. 2: 23 (1843)
species :
Medicago cretacea M.Bieb.; Fl. Taur.-Caucas. 2: 223 (1808)
Distribution: Crimea; Northern Caucasus (Krasnodar)
14 KRY 33 NCS
Synonyms: hidden
= Anthyllis cornicina Pall. ex Georgi; Beschr. Nation. Russ. Reich, Nachtr.: 294 (1802), nomen
= Crimaea cretacea (M.Bieb.) Vassilcz.; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 16: 131 (1979)
= Medicago fructicans Hornem. ex Willd.; Enum. Pl.: 801 (1809)
= Medicago nummularia Steven ex Bess.; Cat. Jard. Bot. Krzemieniec: 85 (1816), nomen
= Melilotoides cretacea (M.Bieb.) Soják; Sborn. Nár. Muz. Praze, 1982(1-2): 103 (1982)
= Melissitus cretaceus (M.Bieb.) Latsch.; Trudy Tiflissk. Bot. Inst. 19: 13 (1958)
= Trigonella cretacea (M.Bieb.) Grossh.; Kom., Fl. SSSR 11: 120 (1945)
species :
Medicago daghestanica Rupr.; Boiss., Fl. Orient. 2: 95 (1872)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus (Daghestan, Checheno-Ingushia); Azerbaijan
33 AZE NCS
Synonyms: hidden
= Medicago daghestanica var. coerulescens Trautv.; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 4(1): 107 (1875)
= Medicago daghestanica var. pallida Trautv.; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 4(1): 142 (1875)
species :
Medicago disciformis DC.; Cat. Pl. Hort. Monsp.: 124 (1813)
Name: Diskus-Schneckenklee (DE); Disk Medick (EN)
Distribution: Germany [I]; E- & S-Spain; Baleares; France; Italy; Sicily; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Libya; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (N-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus)
11 ger 12 BAL FRA SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MNT NMA SIC SRB 20 LBY 34 CYP EAI TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Medica disciformis (DC.) Bubani; Fl. Pyren. 2: 477 (1900)
= Medicago coerulescens F.K.Mey.; Haussknechtia Beih. 15: 86 (2011) [fide Pils (2016) only a colour variant]
= Medicago disciformis f. parvicarpa Kozuharov; Izv. Bot. Inst. (Sofia) 15: 163 (1965)
= Medicago disciformis var. strumensis Velchev & Bondev; Dokl. Bulg. Akad. Nauk 8: 218 (1961)
species :
Medicago doliata Carmign.; Giorn. Pisano 12: 48 (1810)
Name: Oliven-Schneckenklee (DE); Straight-Spined Medick (EN)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Portugal; Spain; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Malta; Croatia; ?Bosnia & Hercegovina; ?Montenegro; Greece; Crete; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (Inner Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia); Cyprus (N-Cyprus); Lebanon (C-Lebanon); Syria (Jbel Druze); Israel (N-Israel)
11 ger 12 BAL COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 CRO GRC ITA KRI MLT SIC 20 ALG MOR TUN 34 CYP EAI ISR LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Medica turbinata Medik.; Vorles. Churpfälz. Phys.-Ökon. Ges. 2: 386 (1787)
= Medicago aculeata Willd.; Sp. Pl. 3: 1410 (1802) (non Gaertn., Fruct. Sem. Pl. 2: 349 (1791))
= Medicago doliata var. muricata (Benth.) Heyn; Davis. Fl. Turkey 3: 507 (1970)
= Medicago globulosa Desv.; J. Bot. Agric. Appl. 3: 77 (1814)
= Medicago muricata Benth.; Cat. Pl. Pyr. Bas-Languedoc: 102 (1826)
= Medicago neglecta Guss.; Fl. Sicul. Prodr. 2: 575 (1828)-1832
= Medicago oliviformis Guss.; Pl. Rar.: 390 (1826)
= Medicago oliviformis var. crassa Porta & Rigo; Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 11: 249 (1878)
= Medicago turbinata f. dextrorsa Asch.; Index Seminum (B) 1871(App.): 1 (1872)
= Medicago turbinata f. sinistrorsa Asch.; Index Seminum (B) 1871(App.): 1 (1872)
= Medicago turbinata subsp. aculeata (Willd.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 168 (1878)
= Medicago turbinata subsp. inermis (Asch.) Arcang.; 163 (1882)
= Medicago turbinata subsp. oliviformis (Guss.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 168 (1878)
= Medicago turbinata subvar. neglecta (Guss.) Nègre; Luzern. Maroc: 58 (1956)
= Medicago turbinata subvar. oliviformis (Guss.) Nègre; Luzern. Maroc: 58 (1956)
= Medicago turbinata var. aculeata (Willd.) Moris; Fl. Sardoa 1: 445 (1837)
= Medicago turbinata var. cylindracea Nègre; Trav. Inst. Sci. Cherifien, Ser. Bot. 5: 57 (1956)
= Medicago turbinata var. laevis Boiss.; Voy. Bot. Esp.: 165 (1845)
= Medicago turbinata var. neglecta (Guss.) Batt.; Fl. Alger. 2: 230)
= Medicago turbinata var. oliviformis (Guss.) Batt.; Batt. & Trab.
= Medicago turbinata var. sphaerocarpos Nègre; Trav. Inst. Sci. Cherifien, Sdr. Bot. 5: 58 (1956)
= Medicago turbinata Willd.; Sp. Pl. ed. 4. 3: 1409 (1802), nom. illeg.
species :
Medicago edgeworthii Sirj. ex Hand.-Mazz.; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 87: 123 (1938)
Distribution: China (Qinghai, Sichuan, Yunnan); Tibet; Pakistan (Swat, Murree, Hazara); Nepal; India (Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Punjab, Rajasthan, Uttarakhand)
36 CHI TIB 40 IND NEP PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Medicago pubescens (Edgew. ex Baker) Sirj.; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1928: 271 (1928), nom. illeg.
= Melilotoides pubescens (Edgew. ex Baker) Yakovlev; Rast. Tsentral. Azii, 8a: 88 (1988)
= Melilotoides tibetica (Vassilcz.) Yakovlev; Rast. Tsentral. Azii, 8a: 89 (1988)
= Melissitus pubescens (Edgew. & Baker) Latsch.; Zam. Sist. Geogr. Rast. 32: 20 (1976)
= Melissitus tibeticus (Vassilcz.) Latsch.; Zam. Sist. Geogr. Rast. 32: 21 (1976)
= Onobrychis echinata (Banks & Sol.) Eig; J. Bot. 75: 189 (1937), nom. illeg.
= Telis pubescens (Edgew. ex Baker) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 209 (1891)
= Trigonella lasia Blatt.; J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 36: 479 (1933)
= Trigonella pubescens Edgew. ex Baker; Fl. Br. Ind. 2: 88 (1876)
= Trigonella tibetica Vassilcz.; Bot. Mater. Gerb. Bot. Inst. Komarova Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R. 14: 234 (1951)
species :
Medicago falcata L.; Sp. Pl.: 779 (1753)
Name: Sichel-Luzerne, Sichelklee (DE), Yellow alfalfa (EN)
Distribution: England; Ireland; Denmark; Norway; Sweden; Finland; Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; Baleares; France; Channel Isl. [I]; Corsica; Italy; +San Marino; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; N-European Russia; W-European Russia; Moldova; Ukraine; Morocco [I]; ?Algeria; ?Libya; South Africa [I]; Siberia [I] (Altai [I], Buryatia [I], Chita [I], Irkutsk [I], Krasnoyarsk [I], Tuva [I], W-Siberia [I], Yakutia [I]); Russian Far East [I] (Amur [I], Khabarovsk [I], Primorye [I]); Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus (Daghestan, Kabardino-Balkaria, Karacheyevo-Cherkessia, Krasnodar, etc.); Georgia [Caucasus]; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl.; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Lebanon (C-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains); China (Gansu, Hebei, Jilin, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Xinjiang); Tibet; Mongolia; Pakistan (Swat, Hazara, Gilgit, Baltistan); Nepal; India (Jammu & Kashmir, Ladakh, Zanskar, Assam, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Sikkim, Uttar Pradesh); Australia [I] (Queensland [I], Tasmania [I]); Alaska [I]; Canada [I] (Alberta [I], British Columbia [I], Manitoba [I], New Brunswick [I], Nova Scotia [I], N. W. Territories [I], Ontario [I], Prince Edward Isl. [I], Québec [I], Saskatchewan [I], Yukon [I]); USA [I] (Arizona [I], California [I], Delaware [I], Iowa [I], Illinois [I], Kansas [I], Massachusetts [I], Maryland [I], Michigan [I], Minnesota [I], Mississippi [I], Montana [I], North Dakota [I], Nebraska [I], New Jersey [I], Nevada [I], New York [I], Ohio [I], Oregon [I], Pennsylvania [I], South Dakota [I], Utah [I], Virginia [I], Washington State [I], Wisconsin [I], Wyoming [I]); Argentina [I]
10 DEN FIN GRB IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 BAL cis COR FRA POR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MNT NMA ROM SLV SMA SRB TUE 14 BLR EST LAT LIT MLD RUS UKR 20 mor 27 saf 30 sib 31 rfe 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 EAI LEB SYR TUR 36 CHI TIB 37 MON 40 IND NEP PAK 50 aus 70 ask cdn 71 cdn 72 cdn 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 78 usa 85 arg
Remarks: often included as subspecies into M. sativa
Synonyms: hidden
= Medica falcata (L.) Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. VIII. n. 2 (1768)
= Medica sylvestris (Fr.) Bubani; Fl. Pyren. 2: 471 (1899)
= Medicago angustifolia Chevall.; Fl. Gen. Env. Paris 2: 779 (1827)
= Medicago aurantiaca Godr.; Sect. Med. Acad. Sci. Montpellier 1: 425 (1853)
= Medicago borealis Grossh.; Kom., Fl. URSS 11: 391 (1941)
= Medicago borealis var. micrantha Grossh.; Kom., Flora USSR 11: 140 (1941)
= Medicago calcarea Boenn.; [3] (1829), nom. inval.
= Medicago difalcata Sinskaya; Bull. Applied Bot., Leningrad 28: No. 1, 29 (1948)
= Medicago difalcata subsp. kazachstanica Sinskaya; FI. Cult. Pl. U. S. S. R. 13(1): 131 (1950)
= Medicago difalcata subsp. orientalcaucasica Sinskaya; FI. Cult. Pl. U. S. S. R.,13(1): 131 (1950)
= Medicago erecta (Kotov) Kotov; J. Bot. Acad. Sci. Ukraine 1: No. 2, 276, non Winterl (1940)
= Medicago falcata f. arenaria C.G.H.Thed.; Bot. Not. 1889: 69 (1889)
= Medicago falcata f. glandulosa (W.D.J.Koch) G.Piep.; 125 (1899)
= Medicago falcata f. gracilis Urb.; Verh. Bot. Ver. Prov. Brandenb. 14: 56 (1873)
= Medicago falcata f. prostrata W.D.J.Koch; Röhl., Deutschl. Fl., ed. 3, 5: 318 (1839)
= Medicago falcata f. tenuifolia G.Piep.; 125 (1899)
= Medicago falcata proles sylvestris (Fr.) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 12 (1899)
= Medicago falcata subsp. adenocarpa Soják; Cas. Nár. Muz. (Prague), 150(3-4): 138, 128 (1981 publ. 1982)
= Medicago falcata subsp. erecta Kotov; Priroda (Moscow) 1: 70 (1935)
= Medicago falcata subsp. glandulosa (Davidov) Kozuharov; Izv. Bot. Inst. (Sofija) 15: 141 (1965) (non W. D. J. Koch 1839)
= Medicago falcata subsp. glandulosa (W.D.J.Koch) Greuter & Burdet; Willdenowia 19: 32 (1989)
= Medicago falcata subsp. glareosa Vassilcz.; Tr. Bot. Inst. Akad. Nauk S. S. S. R., ser. 1, 14: 40 (1949)
= Medicago falcata subsp. pinetorum Vassilcz.; Tr. Bot. Inst. Akad. Nauk S. S. S. R., ser. 1, 14: 42 (1949)
= Medicago falcata subsp. procumbens (Besser) Ces.; Car. Catt., 292 (1844)
= Medicago falcata subsp. romanica (Prodan) Hayek; Prodr. FI. Penins. Balc. 1: 835 (1927)
= Medicago falcata subsp. romanica (Prodan) O.Schwarz & Klink.; Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 74: 182 (1933), isonym
= Medicago falcata subsp. silvestris (Fr.) Syme; 32 (1864)
= Medicago falcata subsp. tenderiensis (Opperman ex Klokov) Vassilcz.; Trudy Bot. Inst. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Ser. 1, Fl. Sist. Vyss. Rast. 8: 43 (1949)
= Medicago falcata subsp. tyrnensis (Podp.) Soják; Cas. Nár. Muz. (Prague), 150(3-4): 138 (1981 publ. 1982)
= Medicago falcata subsp. urumovii Degen; Magyar Bot. Lapok 12: 214 (1913)
= Medicago falcata subvar. albiflora Babey ex Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 11 (1899)
= Medicago falcata subvar. major (W.D.J.Koch) Gams; 1259 (1923)
= Medicago falcata subvar. viscosa (Rchb.) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 11 (1899)
= Medicago falcata var. adscendens Sumn.; Animady. Syst. ex Herb. Univ. Tonisk., 1-2: 10 (1932)
= Medicago falcata var. alpigena Schur; Enum. Pl. Trans.: 151 (1866)
= Medicago falcata var. altaica Sumn.; Animadv. Syst. ex Herb. Univ. Tomsk., 1-2: 13 (1932)
= Medicago falcata var. altissima Grossh.; Surv. Crini. Caucas. Medicago: 20 (1919)
= Medicago falcata var. amphitricha Soják; Cas. Nár. Muz. (Prague), 150(3-4): 138 (1981 publ. 1982)
= Medicago falcata var. angustissima Holmb.; Bot. Not. 1919: 205 (1919)
= Medicago falcata var. aurea Schur; Schur, Verhandl. Naturf. Ver. Brünn 15(2): 171 (1876)
= Medicago falcata var. aureiflora Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France 5: 11 (1899)
= Medicago falcata var. brevipes Vassilcz.; Tr. Bot. Inst. Akad. Nauk S. S. S. R., ser. 1, 14: 42 (1949)
= Medicago falcata var. cretacea Grossh.; Kom., Fl. URSS 11: 145 (1941)
= Medicago falcata var. diffusa Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 151 (1866)
= Medicago falcata var. dzumagalensis Ubuk.; Fl. Kirgizkoi SSR 7: 156 (1957)
= Medicago falcata var. erecta (Kotov) Grossh.; Kom., Fl. URSS 11: 146 (1945)
= Medicago falcata var. ferruginea Sumn.; Animadv. Syst. ex Herb. Univ. Tomsk., 1-2: 10 (1932)
= Medicago falcata var. foliolata Vassilcz.; Tr. Bot. Inst. Akad. Nauk S. S. S. R., ser. 1, 14: 42 (1949)
= Medicago falcata var. foliosa Sumn.; Animadv. Syst. ex Herb. Univ. Tomsk., 1-2: 12 (1932)
= Medicago falcata var. glandulosa W.D.J.Koch; Röhling, Deutschl. Fl. ed. 3, 5: 318 (1839)
= Medicago falcata var. gracilis Urb.; Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 15: 56 (1873)
= Medicago falcata var. hirsuta Trautv. ex Sumn.; Sist. Zametki Mater. Gerb. Krylova Tomsk. Gosud. Univ. 1-2: 11 (1932)
= Medicago falcata var. irghisica Vassilcz.; Tr. Bot. Inst. Akad. Nauk S. S. S. R., ser. 1, 14: 43 (1949)
= Medicago falcata var. jenisseica Vassilcz.; Tr. Bot. Inst. Akad. Nauk S. S. S. R., ser. 1, 14: 43 (1949)
= Medicago falcata var. kithartica Vassilcz.; FI. U. S. S. R. 11: 144 (1945)
= Medicago falcata var. lasiagrostidetorum Vassilcz.; Fl. S. S. S. R. 11: 143 (1945)
= Medicago falcata var. latifolia Grossh.; Obz. Krym.-Kayk. Medicago: 20 (1919)
= Medicago falcata var. lignescens Sumn.; Animadv. Syst. ex Herb. Univ. Tomsk., 1-2: 9 (1932)
= Medicago falcata var. linearifolia Grossh.; Obz. Krym.-Kayk. Medicago: 20 (1919)
= Medicago falcata var. macrantha Vassilcz.; Tr. Bot. Inst. Akad. Nauk. S. S. S. R., ser. 1, 14: 39 (1949)
= Medicago falcata var. major W.D.J.Koch; Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv., ed. 2: 176 (1844)
= Medicago falcata var. microphylla Cusin & Ansb.; Herb. Fl. Fr., 5/6: 1011 (1869)
= Medicago falcata var. minor Gaudin; Fl. Helv. 4: 611 (1829)
= Medicago falcata var. mongholica Sumn.; Animadv. Syst. ex Herb. Univ. Tomsk., 1-2: 13 (1932)
= Medicago falcata var. montana Boenn.; Prodr. Fl. Monsst. Westph.: 225 (1824)
= Medicago falcata var. orientalis Sumn.; Animadv. Syst. ex Herb. Univ. Tomsk., 1-2: 11 (1932)
= Medicago falcata var. parviflora Grossh.; Flor. USSR 11: 145 (1941)
= Medicago falcata var. pauciflora Lindem.; Fl. Chers. 1: 138 (1881)
= Medicago falcata var. pratensis Boenn.; Prodr. Fl. Monsst. Westph.: 225 (1824)
= Medicago falcata var. procumbens (Besser) Ledeb.; Fl. Ross. 1: 526 (1842)
= Medicago falcata var. procumbens (Besser) Ortmann; Glückselig, 78 (1842)
= Medicago falcata var. pubescens Rouy; Fl. Franç. 5: 11 (1899)
= Medicago falcata var. pygmea Sumn.; Animadv. Syst. ex Herb. Univ. Tomsk., 1-2: 12 (1932)
= Medicago falcata var. ramosissima Sumn.; Animadv. Syst. ex Herb. Univ. Tomsk., 1-2: 13 (1932)
= Medicago falcata var. revoluta Sumn.; Animadv. Syst. ex Herb. Univ. Tomsk., 1-2: 12 (1932)
= Medicago falcata var. riparia Boenn.; Prodr. Fl. Monsst. Westph.: 225 (1824)
= Medicago falcata var. robusta Vassilcz.; Tr. Bot. Inst. Akad. Nauk S. S. S. R., ser. 1, 14: 39 (1949)
= Medicago falcata var. romanica (Prodan) Hayek; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 30(1): 825 (1926)
= Medicago falcata var. romanica (Prodan) O.Schwarz & Klink.; Verh. Bot. Ver. Prov. Brandenb. 74: 182 (1933)
= Medicago falcata var. sibirica Sumn.; Animadv. Syst. ex Herb. Univ. Tonisk., 1-2: 11 (1932)
= Medicago falcata var. sophiae Bosse ex Grossh.; Kom., Fl. URSS 11: 143 (1945)
= Medicago falcata var. stenocarpa Rchb.; Fl. Germ. Excurs.: 504 (1832)
= Medicago falcata var. suberecta Lindem.; Bull. Soc. Imp. Nat. Moscou 1: 495 (1867)
= Medicago falcata var. suffruticosa Grossh.; Kom., Fl. URSS 11: 145 (1941)
= Medicago falcata var. sylvestris (Fr.) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 6(2): 402 (1907)
= Medicago falcata var. tanaitica Vassilcz.; Tr. Bot. Inst. Akad. Nauk S. S. S. R., ser. 1, 14: 43 (1949)
= Medicago falcata var. tarbagatica Sumn.; Animndv. Syst. ex Herb. Univ. Tomsk., 1-2: 9 (1932)
= Medicago falcata var. tenderiensis (Opperman ex Klokov) Vassilcz.; Tr. Bot. Inst. Akad. Nauk S. S. S. R., ser. 1, 14: 43 (1949)
= Medicago falcata var. tenella Sumn.; Animadv. Syst. ex Herb. Univ. Tomsk., 1-2: 10 (1932)
= Medicago falcata var. transbaicalensis Vassilcz.; Tr. Bot. Inst. Akad. Nauk S. S. S. R., ser. 1, 14: 43 (1949)
= Medicago falcata var. vassilczenkoi Ubuk.; Ubuk. Fl. Kirgizkoi SSR 7: 156 (1957)
= Medicago falcata var. viscosa (Rchb.) Urb.; Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 15: 57 (1873)
= Medicago falcata var. viscosissima Grossh.; Zap. Nauchno-Prikl. Otd. Tiflissk. Bot. Sada 1: 21 (1919)
= Medicago falcata var. willdenowii Wallr.; Sched. Crit.: 398 (1822)
= Medicago glandulosa var. procumbens Schur; Verh. Naturf. Vereins Brünn 15(2): 172 (1876)
= Medicago intermedia Schult.; Obs. Bot. 160 (1809)
= Medicago kotovii Wissjul.; Fl. RSS Ucr. 6: 367 (1954)
= Medicago laxiflora Schur; Verh. Naturf. Ver. Brünn 15(2): 172 (1877)
= Medicago macrocarpa Moris; Fl. Sardoa 1: 446 (1837)
= Medicago procumbens Besser; Prim. Fl. Galiciae Austriac. 2: 127 (1809)
= Medicago procumbens var. viscosa Rchb.; Fl. germ. excurs.: 504 (1832)
= Medicago quasifalcata Sinskaya; Proc. Lenin Acad. Agric. Sci. USSR 18: No. 4, 300 (1945)
= Medicago romanica Prodan; Fl. Roman. 1: 617 (1923)
= Medicago romanica subsp. cinerea Lindl. ex Vassilcz.; Tr. Bot. Inst. Akad. Nauk S. S. S. R., ser. 1, 14: 48 (1949)
= Medicago romanica subsp. revoluta (Sumn.) Vassilcz.; Tr. Bot. Inst. Akad. Nauk S. S. S. R., ser. 1, 14: 47 (1949)
= Medicago romanica var. angustifolia (Chevall.) Grossh.; Fl. S. S. S. R. 11: 147 (1945)
= Medicago romanica var. australis Vassilcz.; Tr. Bot. Inst. Akad. Nauk S. S. S. R., ser. 1, 14: 48 (1949)
= Medicago romanica var. canescens Vassilcz.; Priroda (Moscow) 12: 72 (1940)
= Medicago romanica var. erecta (Kotov) Grossh.; Kom., Fl. URSS 11: 146 (1945)
= Medicago romanica var. ergenensis Vassilcz.; Tr. Bot. Inst. Akad. Nauk S. S. S. R., ser. 1, 14: 48 (1949)
= Medicago romanica var. ferruginea (Sumn.) Grossh.; Kom., Fl. URSS 11: 14 (1945))
= Medicago romanica var. hirsuta Trautv. ex Grossh.; Kom., Fl. URSS 11: 147 (1945)
= Medicago romanica var. lanata Grossh.; Kom., Fl. URSS 11: 147 (1945)
= Medicago romanica var. linifolia Grossh.; Kom., Fl. URSS 11: 147 (1945)
= Medicago romanica var. sibirica (Sumn.) Grossh.; Kom., Fl. URSS 11: 146 (1945)
= Medicago romanica var. viscosa (Rchb.) Grossh.; Kom., Fl. URSS 11: 147 (1941)
= Medicago sagarrae Sennen; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 68: 405 (1922)
= Medicago sativa f. gracilis Urb.; Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 15(1): 56 (1873)
= Medicago sativa f. viscosa (Rchb.) Urb.; Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 15(1): 56 (1873)
= Medicago sativa subsp. falcata (L.) Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital.: 160 (1882)
= Medicago sativa subsp. glandulosa (W.D.J.Koch) Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital. [Arcang.]: 160 (1882)
= Medicago sativa subsp. silvestris (Fr.) Hartm.; 105 (1846)
= Medicago sativa subsp. viscosa (Rchb.) C.R.Gunn; Techn. Bull. U.S.D.A. 1574: 18 (1978)
= Medicago sativa var. falcata (L.) Döll; Rhein. Fl. 802 (1843)
= Medicago sativa var. gracilis (Urb.) Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital.: 160 (1882)
= Medicago sativa var. intermedia (Schult.) Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 76 (1866)
= Medicago sativa var. viscosa (Rchb.) Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital.: 160 (1882)
= Medicago subfalcata Sinskaya; Bot. Zhurn. S.S.S.R. 23: 333 (1938), nom. illeg., non Schur
= Medicago suffruticosa Grossh.; Obz. Krym.-Kavk. Medicago: 21 (1919), non Ramond ex DC. (1805)
= Medicago sylvestris Fr.; Novit. Fl. Suec. Mant. 3: 92 (1843)
= Medicago tenderiensis Klokov; Bot. Zurn. (Kiev) 5(2): 44 (1948)
= Medicago vardanis Vassilcz.; J. Bot. URSS 31: No. 3, 24 (1946)
species :
Medicago fischeriana (Ser.) Trautv.; Bull. Sci. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg 8: 271 (1841)
Name: Fischer-Schneckenklee (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Bulgaria; Crimea; Algeria [I]; Georgia [Caucasus]; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq); Iran (Iranian Aserbaijan, S-Iran, W-Iran)
11 ger 13 BUL 14 KRY 20 alg 33 GEO 34 IRN IRQ TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Telis fischeriana (Ser.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 209 (1891)
= Telis subracemosa (Boiss.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 209 (1891)
= Trigonella fischeriana Ser.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 2: 183 (1825)
= Trigonella fischeriana var. perennans Bornm. ex Sirj.; Spisy Prír. Fak. Masarykovy Univ. 128: 23 (1930)
= Trigonella fischeriana var. subracemosa (Boiss.) Sirj.; Spisy Prír. Fak. Masarykovy Univ. 128: 23 (1930)
= Trigonella flexuosa Fisch. ex M.Bieb.; Fl. Taur.-Caucas. 3: 515 (1819), nom. illeg.
= Trigonella subracemosa Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 2: 73 (1872)
species :
Medicago globosa C.Presl; J. & C. Presl, Delic. Prag.: 45 (1822)
Distribution: Bulgaria
13 BUL
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Medicago granadensis Willd.; Enum. Pl. Hort. Berol. 803 (1809)
Distribution: Spain [I]; France [I]; Egypt (Great Southwestern Desert); Turkey (S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Syria (coastal W-Syria, NW-Syria, Jbel Druze); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel); Jordania (W-Jordania)
12 fra spa 20 EGY 34 ISR JOR SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Medicago aegagropila Desv.; J. Bot. 3: 76 (1814)
= Medicago galilaea Boiss.; Diagn. ser. 1, 9: 10 (1849)
= Medicago galilaea var. incisa Post; Fl. Syr. Pol. Sin.: 229 (1883-1896)
= Medicago granatensis Willd. ex Ser.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 2: 180 (1825)
= Medicago intertexta var. glandulosa Eig; Bull. Inst. Agr. Nat. Hist. 6: 23 (1927)
= Medicago pinnatifida Steud.; Nom. ed. I. 514 (1821)
species :
Medicago halophila (Boiss.) E.Small; Willdenowia 16: 433 (1987)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Trigonella halophila Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 2, 5: 78 (1856)
= Telis halophila (Boiss.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 209 (1891)
= Trigonella sinuata var. brachycarpa Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 2, 5: 78 (1856)
species :
Medicago heldreichii E.Small; Willdenowia 16: 434 (1987), nom. nov.
Name: Heldreich´s alfalfa
Distribution: Turkey (SSW-Anatolia); USA [I] (Maryland [I])
34 TUR 78 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Trigonella polycarpa Boiss. & Heldr.; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. 9: 18 (1849) (non Medicago polycarpa Godr. in Gren. & Godr., Fl. France 1: 389 (1849)) (syn. subst.)
= Telis polycarpa (Boiss. & Heldr.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 209 (1891)
species :
Medicago heyniana Greuter; Candollea 25: 190 (1970)
Name: Heynes Schneckenklee (DE); Heyne´s Medick (EN)
Distribution: Greece (Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Karpathos, Rhodos); Turkey (SW-Anatolia)
13 GRC KRI 34 EAI TUR
species :
Medicago huberi E.Small; Willdenowia 16: 434 (1987)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, W-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Trigonella sirjaevii Hub.-Mor.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 46: 135 (1939) (non Medicago schirjaewii Hand.-Mazz.
= Melissitus sirjaevii (Hub.-Mor.) Latsch.; Zam. Sist. Geogr. Rast. 32: 21 (1976)
species :
Medicago hybrida (Pourr.) Trautv.; Bull. Sci. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg 8: 271 (1841)
Name: Pourret-Schneckenklee (DE), Hybrid alfalfa (EN)
Distribution: Germany [I]; NE-Spain (C-Pyrenees); France (Pyrenees, Corbieres); USA [I] (Indiana [I])
11 ger 12 FRA SPA 75 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Medica pourretii Bubani; Fl. Pyren. 2: 471 (1899), nom. superfl.
= Medicago pourretii Noulet; Fl. Bass. Sous-Pyren.: 151 (1837) (nom. illeg.)
= Melissitus hybridus (Pourr.) Latsch.; Zam. Sist. Geogr. Rast. 32: 19 (1976)
= Trigonella hybrida Pourr.; Hist. & Mém. Acad. Roy. Sci. Toulouse 3: 331 (1788)
species :
Medicago hypogaea E.Small; Taxon 33: 633 (1984), nom. nov.
Name: Bodenfrüchtiger Schneckenklee (DE); Subterranean Medick (EN)
Distribution: Libya; Egypt (NE-Egypt, NW-coastal Egypt); East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia); Iraq (W-Iraq: Desert); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus); Lebanon (Antilebanon); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, Negev Desert, N-Israel, Judean Desert); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai); Oman (Mascat & Oman)
20 EGY LBY 34 CYP EAI IRQ ISR LEB SIN TUR 35 OMA
Synonyms: hidden
= Factorovskya aschersoniana (Urb.) Eig; Bull. Inst. Agric. Nat. Hist- (Tel-Aviv) 6: 18 (1927)
= Trigonella aschersoniana Urb.; Verh. Bot. Ver. Prov. Brandenb. 23: 67 (1882) (non Medicago aschersoniana Urb. 1873)
species :
Medicago ignatzii K.A.Lesins & I.Lesins; Gen. Medicago 131 (1979), nom. nov.
Distribution: Turkey (NE-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: papillosa agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Medicago papillosa subsp. macrocarpa (Boiss.) Urb.; Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 15: 56 (1873)
= Medicago papillosa var. macrocarpa Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 2: 96 (1872)
species :
Medicago intertexta (L.) Mill.; Gard. Dict, ed. 8: Medicago n 4. (1768)
Name: Igel-Schneckenklee (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Malta; Greece; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Canary Isl. (Tenerife, Gran Canaria); Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I]); Uruguay [I]
11 ger 12 BAL COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 GRC ITA MLT SIC 20 ALG MOR TUN 21 CNY 50 aus 85 uru
Synonyms: hidden
= Cochleata intertexta (L.) Medik.; Vorles. Churf. Ges. 2: 385 (1787)
= Medica intertexta (L.) Medik.; Vorles. Churpf. Phys. Ges. 2: 386 (1787)
= Medicago ciliaris f. pilifera Urb.; Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 15: 62 (1873)
= Medicago ciliaris subsp. echinus (DC.) Bonnier & Layens; Tabl. Syn. Pl. Vasc. France: 75 (1894)
= Medicago crinita C.Presl; Fl. Sicul. 1: p. 20 (1826)
= Medicago echinata St.-Lag.; Ann. Soc. Bot. Lyon 7: 130 (1880)
= Medicago echinus DC.; Lam. & DC. Fl. Franc. ed. 3, 4: 546 (1805)
= Medicago echinus var. tuberculata Moris; Fl. Sard. 1: 453 (1837)
= Medicago echinus var. variegata (Urb.) Ricker; McKee & Ricker, U. S. D. A. Bur. Pl. Ind. Bull., 267: 32 (1913)
= Medicago intertexta f. pilifera Urb.; Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb. 15: 62 (1873)
= Medicago intertexta f. variegata (Urb.) Urb.; Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 15: 62 (1873)
= Medicago intertexta subsp. aculeata (Urb.) E.Small; 324 (2011), nom. inval.
= Medicago intertexta subsp. aculeata Urb.; Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb. 15: 62 (1873)
= Medicago intertexta subsp. pilifera (Urb.) Arcang.; 166 (1882)
= Medicago intertexta subsp. tuberculata (Moris) Arcang.; 166 (1882)
= Medicago intertexta var. echinus (DC.) Burnat; Fl. Alp. Marit. 2: 97 (1896)
= Medicago intertexta var. echinus (DC.) Urb.; Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb. 15: 62 (1873)
= Medicago intertexta var. echinus (Lam.) Burnat; Fl. Alpes Marit. 2: 97 (1896)
= Medicago intertexta var. panormitana (Tineo ex Urb.) Urb.; Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb. 15: 62 (1873)
= Medicago intertexta var. variegata Urb.; Index Seminum (B) 1873(App. 3): 1 (1873)
= Medicago panormitana Tineo ex Tod.; Index Seminum (PAL, Panormitani) 1866: 36 (1867)
= Medicago panormitana Tineo ex Urb.; Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb. 15: 62 (1873)
= Medicago polycycla Moris; Mem. Acc. Torin. 38: (1835) p. 31
= Medicago polymorpha var. intertexta L.; Sp. Pl.: 780 (1753)
= Trifolium intertextum (L.) Wender.; Schriften Ges. Beförd. Gesammten Naturwiss. Marburg 2: 260 (1831)
species :
Medicago isthmocarpa (Boiss. & Balansa) E.Small; Willdenowia 16:433 (1987)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Telis isthmocarpa Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 209 (1891)
= Trigonella isthmocarpa Boiss. & Balansa; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 2, 6: 44 (1859)
species :
Medicago italica (Mill.) E.H.L.Krause; Deutschl. Fl. ed. 2. 9: 125 (1901)
Name: Italienischer Schneckenklee (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Pantelleria; Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); Malta; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Madeira (Porto Santo Isl.); Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Tenerife, La Gomera, La Palma Isl., Hierro); Cyprus; Israel (coastal W-Israel, N-Israel); Australia [I] (Western Australia [I])
11 ger 12 COR GIB POR SAR SPA 13 ITA MLT PEL PTL SIC 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN 21 CNY MDR 34 CYP ISR 50 aus
Synonyms: hidden
= Medica incana Moench; Methodus: 117 (1794)
= Medica italica Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. 8: Medica n 5 (1768)
= Medica muricata (All.) Bubani; Fl. Pyren. 2: 479 (1899)
= Medica tornata (L.) Medik.; Vorles. Churpf. Phys. Ges. 2: 386 (1787)
= Medicago astroites Bertol.; Fl. Ital. 8: 272 (1851), non (Fisch. & C. A. Mey.) Trautv. 1841
= Medicago corrugata Durieu; Duch. Rev. Bot. 1: 365 (1845)
= Medicago helix var. inermis Lowe; Man. Fl. Mad.: 164 (1868)
= Medicago helix var. laevis (Desf.) Ball; Spicil. Fl. Marocc. 412 (1878)
= Medicago helix var. spinosa (Guss.) Webb; Phytogr. Canar. 2: 56 (1845)
= Medicago helix Willd.; Sp. Pl. 3: 1409 (1802)
= Medicago hispida var. tricycla (DC.) Urb.; Index Seminum (B) 1873(Suppl. 3): 2 (1873)
= Medicago intermedia DC. ex Ser.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 2: 174 (1825)
= Medicago italica (Mill.) Fiori; Fiori & Paol., Iconogr. Fl. Ital. ed. 2: 237 (1921), isonym
= Medicago italica (Mill.) Grande; Bull. Orto Bot. Regia Univ. Napoli 5: 61 (1916), isonym
= Medicago italica subsp. corrugata (Durieu) Nègre; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 50: 291 (1959)
= Medicago italica subsp. helix (Willd.) Emb. & Maire; Cat. Pl. Maroc: 1038 (1941)
= Medicago italica subsp. lenticularis (Desr.) Urb.; Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 15: 66 (1873)
= Medicago italica subsp. maroccana Nègre; Trav. Inst. Sci. Cherifien, Sér. Bot. 5: 44 (1956)
= Medicago italica subsp. obscura (Retz.) Maire & Weiller; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 30: 272 (1939)
= Medicago italica subsp. striata (Bastard) Greuter & Burdet; Willdenowia 19(1): 32 (1989)
= Medicago italica subsp. tornata (L.) Emb. & Maire; Cat. Pl. Maroc: 1038 (1941), nom. superfl.
= Medicago italica Steud.; Nomencl. Bot. [Steud.], ed. 2. 2: 109 (1841) nom. inval. pro syn.
= Medicago italica var. aculeata (Guss.) Fiori; Nuova Fl. Anal. Italia 1: 832 (1925)
= Medicago italica var. helix (Willd.) Fiori; Fl. Ital. 1: 832 (1925)
= Medicago italica var. inermis (Lowe) Emb. & Maire; Jahand. et al., Cat. Pl. Maroc 4: 1038 (1941)
= Medicago italica var. laevis (Desf.) Maire & Weiller; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 30: 272 (1939)
= Medicago italica var. lenticularis (Desr.) Nègre; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 50: 292 (1959)
= Medicago italica var. muricata (All.) Fiori; Nuov. Fl. Italia 1: 833 (1925)
= Medicago italica var. obscura (Retz.) Nègre; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 50: 291 (1959)
= Medicago italica var. spinosa (Guss.) Fiori; Nuova Fl. Anal. Italia 1: 833 (1925)
= Medicago italica var. tornata (L.) Fiori; Fl. Ital. 1: 833 (1925)
= Medicago laevis Desf.; Fl. Atlant. 2: 213 (1799)
= Medicago laevis var. dicycla Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 14: 139 (1923)
= Medicago lappacea var. tricycla (DC.) Godr.; Gren. & Godr., Fl. France Corse 1: 390 (1848)
= Medicago lenticularis Desr.; Lam. Encyc. 3: 630 (1789)
= Medicago littoralis subsp. striata (Bastard) R.C.V.Douin; Bonnier, Fl. Ill. France 3: 21 (1914)
= Medicago littoralis subsp. tricycla (DC.) Laínz; Anales Inst. Forest. Invest. 12: 26 (1968)
= Medicago littoralis var. tricycla (DC.) Urb.; Index Seminum (B) 1873(App. 3): 2 (1873)
= Medicago muricata (L.) Willd.; Sp. Pl. 3(2): 1414 (1802)
= Medicago muricata All.; Fl. Pedem. 1: 316 (1785)
= Medicago nigra var. tricycla (DC.) O.Bolòs & Vigo; Butl. Inst. Catalana Hist. Nat., Secc. Bot. 38(1): 70 (1974)
= Medicago obscura f. aculeata (Guss.) Urb.; Index Seminum (B) 1873(App. 3): 2 (1873)
= Medicago obscura f. dextrorsa Urb.; Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb. 15: 66 (1873)
= Medicago obscura f. inermis Urb.; Index Seminum (B) 1873(App. 3): 2 (1873), nomen
= Medicago obscura f. muricata (All.) Urb.; Index Seminum (B) 1873(App. 3): 2 (1873)
= Medicago obscura f. sinistrorsa Urb.; Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb. 15: 66 (1873)
= Medicago obscura proles tornata (L.) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 24 (1899), nom. superfl.
= Medicago obscura Retz.; Observ. Bot. 1: 24 (1779)
= Medicago obscura subsp. helix (Willd.) Arcang.; 162 (1882)
= Medicago obscura subsp. helix (Willd.) Batt.; Batt. & Trab., Fl. Algerie 1: 228 (1889)
= Medicago obscura subsp. lenticularis (Urb.) Arcang.; 162 (1882)
= Medicago obscura subsp. tornata (L.) Batt.; Batt. & Trab., Fl. Algerie 1: 228 (1889)
= Medicago obscura subsp. tornata (L.) Urb.; Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 15: 66 (1873), nom. superfl.
= Medicago obscura var. aculeata Guss.; PI. Rar.: 315 (1826)
= Medicago obscura var. helix (Willd.) Fiori & Bég.; Fl. Anal. Ital. 2: 35 (1900)
= Medicago obscura var. helix (Willd.) Urb.; Index Seminum (B) 1873(App. 3): 2 (1873)
= Medicago obscura var. inermis (Lowe) Urb.; Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb. 15: 66 (1873)
= Medicago obscura var. inermis Urb.; Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb. 15: 66 (1873)
= Medicago obscura var. lenticularis (Desr.) Urb.; Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 15: 66 (1873)
= Medicago obscura var. muricata (All.) Urb.; Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 15: 67 (1873)
= Medicago obscura var. rugulosa Ser.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 2: 174 (1825)
= Medicago obscura var. spinosa (Guss.) Guss.; Fl. Sicul. Syn. 2: 364 (1844)
= Medicago obscura var. tornata (L.) Batt.; Fl. Algérie [Batt. & Trab.] Dicot.: 228 (1889)
= Medicago obscura var. tornata (L.) P.Fourn.; Quatre Fl. Fr.: 547 (1936), isonym
= Medicago obscura var. tornata (L.) Urb.; Index Seminum (B) 1873(App. 3): 2 (1873), nom. superfl.
= Medicago obscura var. tornata (Willd.) Gams; 1252 (1923), nom. illeg.
= Medicago obscura var. triflora Ser.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 2: 174 (1825)
= Medicago plumbea Bertol.; Fl. Ital. 8: 267 (1850)
= Medicago polymorpha var. tornata L.; Sp. Pl.: 780 (1753)
= Medicago polymorpha var. tricycla (DC.) Shinners; Rhodora 58: 8 (1956)
= Medicago striata Bastard; Desv., J. Bot. Appl. Agric., 3(1-2): 19 (1814)
= Medicago tornata (L.) Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. 8: Medicago n 3. (1768)
= Medicago tornata f. inermis K.A.Lesins & I.Lesins; Gen. Medicago: 159 (1979), sine descr. lat.
= Medicago tornata subsp. helix (Willd.) Ooststr. & Reichg.; Bull. Jard. Bot. Bot 27: 671 (1957)
= Medicago tornata subsp. obscura (Retz.) Kerguélen; Bull. Assoc. Inform. Appl. Bot. 1: 183 (1994)
= Medicago tornata subsp. striata (Bastard) Kerguélen; Lejeunia, Nouv. Str., 120: 127 (19871)
= Medicago tornata var. aculeata (Guss.) Heyn; Annual Species Medicago: 89 (1963)
= Medicago tornata var. parvicarpa K.A.Lesins & I.Lesins; Gen. Medicago (Leguminosae): 159, 160 (1979), without latin descr.
= Medicago tornata var. rugulosa (Ser.) Heyn; Annual Species Medicago: 88 (1963)
= Medicago tornata var. striata (Bastard) K.A.Lesins & I.Lesins; Genus Medicago: 159 (1979)
= Medicago tricycla DC.; Cat. Pl. Horti Monsp.: 125 (1813)
species :
Medicago laciniata (L.) Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. 8: Medicago n 5. (1768)
Name: Gelappter Schneckenklee (DE), Cutleaf medick (EN)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Spain [I]; France [I]; Corsica [I]; Italy [I]; Estonia [I]; Ukraine [I]; Morocco; Algeria (incl. Hoggar); Tunisia; Libya; Egypt (Eastern Desert, Great Southwestern Desert, NE-Egypt, Nile Delta, NW-coastal Egypt); Madeira (Madeira Isl.); Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro, La Palma Isl.); Sudan; Ethiopia; Ethiopia; Somalia; Soqotra; Kenya; Tanzania; Namibia [I]; Botswana; South Africa (North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, N-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Lesotho; Iraq (NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia, S-Iraq, W-Iraq: Desert); Iran (S-Iran, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Nangarhar); Syria (C-Syrian Desert); Israel (C-Israel, coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, Judean Desert, S-Negev Desert); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, N-Sinai, S-Sinai); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Saudi Arabia (Dahana, Nafud Desert, Hejaz, Asir, Nejd Desert); Kuwait; Qatar; Pakistan (Khyber, Kohat, Quetta, Rawalpindi, Baluchistan); India (Gujarat, Maharashtra, Punjab, Rajasthan, Uttarakhand); Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I]); Canada [I] (Ontario [I]); USA [I] (Louisiana [I], Massachusetts [I], Maine [I], South Carolina [I])
11 ger 12 cor fra spa 13 ita 14 est ukr 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 21 CNY MDR 24 ETH SOC SOM SUD 25 KEN TAN 27 BOT LES nam SAF 34 AFG IRN IRQ ISR JOR SIN SYR 35 KUW QAT SAU 40 IND PAK 50 aus 72 cdn 75 usa 78 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Medicago aschersoniana f. pilosula Urb.; Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 15: 78 (1873)
= Medicago aschersoniana Urb.; Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 15: 77 (1873)
= Medicago aschersoniana var. brachyacantha (Boiss.) Urb.; Verh. Bot. Ver. Prov. Brandenb. 15: 77 (1873)
= Medicago aschersoniana var. macrantha Urb.; Verh. Bot. Ver. Prov. Brandenb. 15: 78 (1873)
= Medicago diffusa Poir.; Lam., Encycl. Suppl. 3: 524 (1814)
= Medicago laciniata f. integrifolia (Godr.) Urb.; 77 (1873)
= Medicago laciniata subsp. aschersoniana (Urb.) Thell.; Vierteljahrsschr. Zürich 64: 755 (1919)
= Medicago laciniata subsp. brevispina (Benth. ex Urb.) Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital.: 165 (1882)
= Medicago laciniata subsp. longispina (Benth. ex Urb.) Arcang.; 165 (1882)
= Medicago laciniata subsp. schimperiana (Hochst. ex Boiss.) P.Fourn.; Quatre Fl. France: 545 (1936), nomen
= Medicago laciniata var. brachyacantha Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 1(9): 10 (1849)
= Medicago laciniata var. brevidenticulata Candargy; Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 45: 185 (1898)
= Medicago laciniata var. brevispina Benth.; Cat. Pl. Pyrenes: 104 (1826)
= Medicago laciniata var. brevispina Benth. ex Urb.; Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 15: 77 (1873)
= Medicago laciniata var. diffusa (Poir.) F.M.Vázquez; Folia Bot. Extremadur. (2009)
= Medicago laciniata var. integrifolia Delile; Index Seminum (MPU, Monspeliensis) 1836: 26 (1837)
= Medicago laciniata var. integrifolia Godr.; Fl. Iuven., ed.2: 74 (1854)
= Medicago laciniata var. integriuscula Cuisin; Ansb. Herb. Fl. France: 6, t. 1043 (1870)
= Medicago laciniata var. intermedia Nègre; Trav. Inst. Sci. Cherifien, Ser. Bot. 5: 74 (1956) [nom. inval.]
= Medicago laciniata var. leonis Sennen & Mauricio; Diagn. Nouv. Pl. Espagne & Maroc: 231 (1951)
= Medicago laciniata var. longispina Benth.; Cat. Pl. Pyrenees: 104 (1826)
= Medicago laciniata var. longispina Benth. ex Urb.; Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 15: 77 (1873)
= Medicago laciniata var. micrechinus Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 24: 208 (1932)
= Medicago laciniata var. pilosa Nábelek; Publ. Fac. Sci. Univ. Masaryk Brno 35: 68 (1923)
= Medicago laciniata var. saharae Nègre; Compt.-Rend. Seances Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc 7: 90 (1951)
= Medicago leonis Sennen & Mauricio; Cat. Fl. Rif Orient.: 146 (1933), nom. nud.
= Medicago monantha Blatt.; I. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 36: 969 (1933), non (C. A. Mey.) Trautv.
= Medicago polymorpha var. laciniata L.; Sp. Pl.: 781 (1753)
= Medicago pseudogranatensis Blatt.; J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 36: 969 (1933)
= Medicago schimperiana Hochst.; Boiss., Fl. Orient. 2: 104 (1872)
= Medicago schimperiana Hochst. ex Urb.; 78 (1873), nom. inval.
species :
Medicago lanigera C.Winkl. & B.Fedtsch.; Izv. Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 5: 41 (1905)
Distribution: Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Tajikistan; Afghanistan (Baghlan, Balkh, Qunduz, Samangan)
32 TKM TZK UZB 34 AFG
species :
Medicago laxispira Heyn; Rech.f., Fl. Iranica 157: 266, t. 166 (1984)
Distribution: Iraq (NE-Iraq)
34 IRQ
species :
Medicago lessingii Fisch. & C.A.Mey. ex Kar.; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 12: 150 (1839)
Distribution: European Russia; Siberia (W-Siberia); Kazakhstan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus; ?NE-Turkey; ?Iran
14 RUS 30 SIB 32 KAZ KGZ UZB 33 NCS
Remarks: status uncertain and doubtful, possibly to be included in the highly variable M. sativa s. lat.
Synonyms: hidden
= Medicago agropyretorum Vassilcz.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 26(1): 44 (1941)
= Medicago agropyretorum var. inundata Vassilcz.; Trudy Bot. Inst. Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R., Ser. 1, Fl. Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 14: 60 (1949)
= Medicago agropyretorum var. prostrata Vassilcz.; Trudy Bot. Inst. Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R., Ser. 1, Fl. Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 14: 60 (1949)
= Medicago beipinensis Vassilcz.; Trudy Bot. Inst. Akad. Nauk S. S. S. R., Ser. 1, Fl. Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 8: 62 (1949), sine descr. lat.
= Medicago caerulea Less. ex Ledeb.; Fl. Ross. 1: 526 (1843)
= Medicago caerulea subsp. caspica Sinskaya; Fl. Cult. Pl., SSSR 12(1): 173 (1950)
= Medicago caerulea subsp. infradaghestanica Sinskaya; Trudy Prikl. Bot. 28(1): 22 (1948)
= Medicago caerulea subsp. semicoerulea Sinskaya; Trudy Prikl. Bot. 28(1): 19 (1948)
= Medicago caerulea var. hemicoerulea (Sinskaya) Grossh.; Kom., Fl. URSS 11: 151 (1941)
= Medicago caerulea var. melilotoides Grossh.; Zap. Nauchno-Prikl. Otd. Tiflissk. Bot. Sada 1: 32 (1919)
= Medicago caerulea var. pallida Grossh.; Kom., Fl. URSS 11: 151 (1941)
= Medicago caerulea var. sabulosa Vassilcz.; Trudy Bot. Inst. Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R., Ser. 1, Fl. Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 14: 62 (1949)
= Medicago hemicoerulea Sinskaya; Bot. Zhurn. S.S.S.R. 23: 327 (1938)
= Medicago pekinensis Vassilcz.; Bot. Mater. Gerb. Bot. Inst. Komarova Akad. Nauk S. S. S. R. 12: 114 (1950)
= Medicago sativa subsp. caerulea (Ledeb.) Schmalh.; Fl. Sredn. Juln. Rossii 1: 226 (1895)
= Medicago sativa var. caerulea (Less. ex Ledeb.) Urb.; Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 15(1): 57 (1873)
= Medicago ×tianschanica var. agropyretorum (Vassilcz.) Vassilcz.; Kom., Fl. URSS 11: 154 (1941)
= Medicago ×varia f. agropyretorum (Vassilcz.) D.F.Cui; Z. Y. Yu, X. Y. Li & W. Z. Di (eds.) Advances Pl. Taxon. Northwest China: 47 (1992)
species :
Medicago littoralis Rohde ex Loisel.; Not. Pl. Fl. France: 118 (1810)
Name: Küsten-Schneckenklee (DE); Shore Medick (EN)
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Pantelleria; Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); Malta; Croatia; Montenegro; Albania; Bulgaria; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt (Desert Oases, Eastern Desert, Great Southwestern Desert, NE-Egypt, NW-coastal Egypt, SE-Egypt); Madeira (Madeira Isl., Porto Santo Isl.); Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro); Turkmenistan; Northern Caucasus (Krasnodar); Georgia [Caucasus]; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iran (S-Iran); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Lebanon (coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria); Israel (coastal W-Israel, N-Negev Desert); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, N-Sinai); Jordania (W-Jordania); Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I]); USA [I] (New Jersey [I])
12 BAL COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BUL CRO GRC ITA KRI MLT MNT PEL PTL SIC 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 21 CNY MDR 32 TKM 33 AZE GEO NCS 34 CYP EAI IRN ISR JOR LEB SIN SYR TUR 50 aus 75 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Medica littoralis (Rohde ex Loisel.) Bubani; Fl. Pyren. 2: 476 (1900)
= Medicago arenaria Ten.; Cat. Pl. Hort. Neapol. App. 1: 66 (1815)
= Medicago braunii Gren. & Godr.; Fl. Franç. 1: 393 (1849)
= Medicago cylindracea DC.; Cat. Pl. Hort. Monsp.: 123 (1813)
= Medicago gracilis Biv.; Tod. Ind. Sem. Hort. Bot. Panorm.: 26 (1859)
= Medicago littoralis f. arenaria (Ten.) Zodda; 15 (1942)
= Medicago littoralis f. braunii (Gren. & Godr.) Bolzon; Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital., n.s. 20: 315 (1913)
= Medicago littoralis f. breviseta (DC.) J.Casellas; Collect. Bot. (Barcelona) 6: 249 (1962)
= Medicago littoralis f. cylindracea (DC.) Zodda; 15 (1942)
= Medicago littoralis f. depressa (Urb.) Zodda; 15 (1942)
= Medicago littoralis f. dextrorsa Urb.; Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 15: 69 (1873), nom. illeg.
= Medicago littoralis f. polyantha Merino; Brotéria, Sér. Bot. 11: 120 (1913)
= Medicago littoralis f. sinistrorsa Urb.; Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 15: 69 (1873)
= Medicago littoralis proles cylindracea (DC.) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 30 (1899)
= Medicago littoralis subsp. braunii (Gren. & Godr.) Bonnier & Layens; Tabl. Syn. Pl. Vasc. France: 75 (1894)
= Medicago littoralis subsp. breviseta (DC.) Urb.; Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb. 15: 70 (1873)
= Medicago littoralis subsp. cylindracea (DC.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 167 (1878)
= Medicago littoralis subsp. inermis (Moris) Arcang.; 163 (1882)
= Medicago littoralis subsp. inermis (Moris) Urb.; Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb. 15: 69 (1873)
= Medicago littoralis subsp. longiseta (DC.) Arcang.; 163 (1882)
= Medicago littoralis subsp. longiseta (DC.) Urb.; Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb. 15: 70 (1873)
= Medicago littoralis subvar. cylindracea (DC.) Gams; 1252 (1923)
= Medicago littoralis var. aegyptiaca Turki, El Shayeb & F.Shehata; Phytol. Balcan. 27(2): 163 (2021)
= Medicago littoralis var. arenaria (Ten.) Bolzon; Bull. Soc. Bot. Ital. 1900: 283 (1900)
= Medicago littoralis var. breviseta DC.; Lam. & A. DC., Fl. Franç., éd. 3 6: 568 (1815)
= Medicago littoralis var. cylindracea (DC.) Urb.; Verh. Bot. Ver. Branclenb. 15: 70 (1873)
= Medicago littoralis var. dentata Turki, El Shayeb & F.Shehata; Phytol. Balcan. 27(2): 163 (2021)
= Medicago littoralis var. depressa Urb.; Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb. 15: 70 (1873)
= Medicago littoralis var. dextrorsa Durieu; Expl. Sci. Alger., Atlas: 39 (1855)
= Medicago littoralis var. inermis Moris; Fl. Sard. 1: 439 (1837)
= Medicago littoralis var. longeaculeata Moris; Fl. Sard. 1: 440 (1837)
= Medicago littoralis var. longiseta DC.; Lam. & A. DC., Fl. Franç., éd. 3 6: 568 (1815)
= Medicago littoralis var. pentacycla Urb.; Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb. 15: 70 (1873)
= Medicago littoralis var. rouyana Fiori; Nuova Fl. Anal. Italia 1: 834 (1925)
= Medicago littoralis var. rugulosa Batt.; Fl. Algérie [Batt. & Trab.] Dicot.: 229 (1889)
= Medicago littoralis var. subinermis (Bertol.) Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 2: 99 (1872)
= Medicago pusilla Viv.; Pl. Aegypt. Dec. 4: 14 (1830)
= Medicago rugulosa Batt.; Batt. & Trab. Fl. de l´Alger. Dicot. 239 (1889)
= Medicago subinermis Bertol.; Fl. ltal. 8: 290 (1852)
= Medicago tetracycla C.Presl; Fl. Sicul.: xx (1826)
= Medicago tetracycla Sennen; Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 68: 405 (1921), non DC. (1813)
= Medicago tetracycla var. littoralis C.Presl; Fl. Sicul.: xx (1826)
= Medicago trigyra Sennen; Bol. Soc. Iber. Ci. Nat. 26: 88 (1927)
= Medicago truncatula subsp. littoralis (Loisel.) Ponert; Feddes Repert. 83: 639 (1973)
species :
Medicago lupulina L.; Sp. Pl.: 779 (1753)
Name: Hopfen-Luzerne, Hopfenklee (DE); Black Medick (EN)
Distribution: Iceland; Faeroe Isl.; England; Ireland; Denmark; Norway; Sweden; Finland; Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; Andorra; Gibraltar; Baleares; France; Channel Isl.; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Malta; San Marino; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; N-European Russia; W-European Russia; Moldova; Ukraine; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt (Desert Oases, NW-coastal Egypt); Azores (Santa Maria Isl., Sao Miguel Isl., Terceira, Graciosa, Sao Jorge, Pico, Faial, Flores Isl.); Madeira (Madeira Isl.); Canary Isl. (La Palma Isl., Hierro, Tenerife, Gran Canaria); Ethiopia; Somalia [I]; Kenya [I]; Tanzania [I]; South Africa [I] (widespread); Mauritius [I]; La Réunion [I]; Siberia [I] (Altai [I], Buryatia [I], Chita [I], Irkutsk [I], Krasnoyarsk [I], Tuva [I], W-Siberia [I]); Russian Far East [I] (Amur [I], Khabarovsk [I], Magadan [I], Primorye [I]); Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, S-Iran, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Wakhan, Baghlan, Balkh, Bamyan, Ghazni, Herat, Kabul, Kunar / Nuristan, Laghman, Nangarhar, Paktia / Khost, Parwan, Samangan, Takhar); Cyprus (C-Mountains, N-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel); Saudi Arabia (Hejaz, Asir); China (throughout); Mongolia; South Korea [I]; Japan [I]; Bonin Isl. [I] (Chichijima [I]); Taiwan; Pakistan; Nepal; India (Jammu & Kashmir, Bihar, Delhi, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, Rajasthan, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal); Bangladesh; Philippines [I]; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); Lord Howe Isl. [I]; Norfolk Isl. [I]; New Zealand [I]; Chatham Isl. [I]; Easter Isl. [I]; Hawaii [I] (Midway Isl. [I], Kauai [I], Oahu [I], Maui [I], Hawaii Isl. [I]); Alaska [I]; Greenland [I]; Canada [I] (Alberta [I], British Columbia [I], Manitoba [I], New Brunswick [I], Newfoundland [I], Nova Scotia [I], N. W. Territories [I], Ontario [I], Prince Edward Isl. [I], Québec [I], Saskatchewan [I]); St. Pierre et Miquelon [I]; USA [I] (Alabama [I], Arkansas [I], Arizona [I], California [I], Colorado [I], Connecticut [I], District of Columbia [I], Delaware [I], Florida [I], Georgia [I], Iowa [I], Idaho [I], Illinois [I], Indiana [I], Kansas [I], Kentucky [I], Louisiana [I], Massachusetts [I], Maryland [I], Maine [I], Michigan [I], Minnesota [I], Missouri [I], Mississippi [I], Montana [I], North Carolina [I], North Dakota [I], Nebraska [I], New Hampshire [I], New Jersey [I], New Mexico [I], Nevada [I], New York [I], Ohio [I], Oklahoma [I], Oregon [I], Pennsylvania [I], Rhode Island [I], South Carolina [I], South Dakota [I], Tennessee [I], Texas [I], Utah [I], Virginia [I], Vermont [I], Washington State [I], Wisconsin [I], West Virginia [I], Wyoming [I]); Mexico [I]; Honduras [I]; Bahamas [I]; Cuba [I]; Dominican Republic [I]; Haiti [I]; Colombia [I]; Ecuador [I]; Peru [I]; Bolivia [I]; Brazil [I]; Paraguay [I]; Uruguay [I]; Argentina [I]; Chile [I] (Antofagasta [I], Atacama [I], Coquimbo [I], Valparaíso [I], Metropolitana de Santiago [I], O´Higgins [I], Maule [I], Ñuble [I], Biobío [I], Araucanía [I], Los Rios [I], Los Lagos [I], Aisén [I]); Juan Fdz. Isl. [I]; Falkland Isl. [I]
10 DEN FIN FOR GRB ICE IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 ADO BAL CIS COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MLT MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SMA SRB TUE 14 BLR EST LAT LIT MLD RUS UKR 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 21 AZO CNY MDR 24 ETH som 25 ken tan 27 saf 29 mau reu 30 sib 31 rfe 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR LEB SYR TUR 35 SAU 36 CHI 37 MON 38 jap kor oga TAI 40 BAN IND NEP PAK 42 phi 50 aus lhi nfk 51 ctm nzl 61 eas 63 haw 70 ask cdn gnl 71 cdn 72 cdn spm 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa 79 mex 80 hon 81 bah cub his 82 clm 83 bol ecu per 84 bra 85 arg cle jnf par uru 91 fal
Synonyms: hidden
= Lupularia parviflora Opiz; Seznam, 61 (1852), nom. superfl.
= Lupulina aurata Noulet; Fl. Bass. Sous-Pyren.: 157 (1837)
= Medica lupulina (L.) Lam.; Fl. Francisc. 101 (1894), isonym
= Medica lupulina (L.) Scop.; Fl. Carn. ed. II. 2: 88 (1772)
= Medicago apennina J.Woods; Tourist´s Flora: 84 (1850)
= Medicago breviflora Gilib.; Fl. Lit. Inch. 2: 95 (1782), opus utique oppr.
= Medicago canescens Menyh.; Kal. Vid. Noven.: 61 (1877)
= Medicago ciliaris Lucé; Topogr. Nachr. Oesel: 253 (1823), nom. illeg.
= Medicago corymbifera W.L.E.Schmidt ex Schltdl.; Linnaea 4: 74 (1829)
= Medicago cupaniana Guss.; Fl. Sicul. Syn. 2: 362 (1844)
= Medicago cupaniana var. glandulosa Rouy; Fl. Franç. 5: 9 (1899)
= Medicago eriocarpa Rouy; Fl. France [Rouy & Foucaud] 5: 25 (1899)
= Medicago lupulina f. corymbosa (Ser.) Urb.; Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb. 15: 52 (1873)
= Medicago lupulina f. glanduligera (Ahlfv.) A.Blytt & O.C.Dahl; 456 (1904)
= Medicago lupulina f. leiocarpa (Guss.) Urb.; Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb. 15: 52 (1873)
= Medicago lupulina f. parviflora (Döll) Gams; 1256 (1923)
= Medicago lupulina f. polystachya (Ser.) Urb.; Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb.,: 52 (1873)
= Medicago lupulina f. stipularis (Wallr.) Urb.; Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb. 15: 52 (1873)
= Medicago lupulina f. subglabra Pau; Apuntes Fl. Olmedo: 78 (1908)
= Medicago lupulina f. unguiculata (Ser.) Urb.; Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 15: 52 (1873)
= Medicago lupulina f. willdenowiana (W.D.J.Koch) Urb.; Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 15: 52 (1873)
= Medicago lupulina f. willdenowii (Mérat) Urb.; 52 (1873)
= Medicago lupulina proles cupianiana (Guss.) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 9 (1899)
= Medicago lupulina subsp. cupaniana (Guss.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 170 (1878)
= Medicago lupulina subsp. eurasiatica Braun-Blanq.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 77: 288 (1930) (nom. inval.)
= Medicago lupulina subsp. jalasii Rothm.; Feddes Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 67: 5 (1963)
= Medicago lupulina subsp. willdenowiana (W.D.J.Koch) Hartm.; 104 (1846)
= Medicago lupulina subsp. willdenowiana (W.D.J.Koch) Soják; Sborn. Nár. Mus. v Praze, Rada B, Prír. Vedy 19: 155 (1963), isonym
= Medicago lupulina subsp. willdenowii (Mérat) Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital.: 159 (1882)
= Medicago lupulina subvar. eriocarpa Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 9 (1899)
= Medicago lupulina var. axilis Merino; Fl. Galicia 1: 377 (1905)
= Medicago lupulina var. canescens Moris; Fl. Sard. 1: 436 (1837)
= Medicago lupulina var. cinerea Alleiz.; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 12: 64 (1921)
= Medicago lupulina var. corymbosa Ser.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 2: 172 (1825)
= Medicago lupulina var. cupaniana (Guss.) Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 2: 105 (1872)
= Medicago lupulina var. dzumgalensis Ubuk.; Fl. Kirgizkoi SSR 7: 156 (1957)
= Medicago lupulina var. eriocarpa (Rouy & Foucaud) Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 29: 413 (1938)
= Medicago lupulina var. eriocarpa (Rouy) P.D.Sell; Fl. Gr. Brit. Ireland (2009), isonym
= Medicago lupulina var. glabra Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 605 (1821 publ. 1822)
= Medicago lupulina var. glanduligera Ahlfv.; Neuman, 331 (1901)
= Medicago lupulina var. glanduligera Neuman; Sveriges Fl.: 331 (1901)
= Medicago lupulina var. glandulosa Neilr.; Fl. N.-Oesterr.: 934 (1859)
= Medicago lupulina var. glandulosa W.D.J.Koch; Röhl., Deutschl. Fl., ed. 3, 5: 324 (1839), nom. superfl.
= Medicago lupulina var. hispida Klett & Richt.; Fl. Leipzig: 615 (1830)
= Medicago lupulina var. jalasii Rothm.; 6 (1963)
= Medicago lupulina var. leiocarpa (Guss.) Arcang.; 159 (1882)
= Medicago lupulina var. micrantha Murr; 172 (1923)
= Medicago lupulina var. parviflora Döll; 1132 (1862)
= Medicago lupulina var. perennans Halácsy; Consp. Fl. Graec. 1: 362 (1901)
= Medicago lupulina var. polystachya Ser.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 2: 172 (1825)
= Medicago lupulina var. scabra Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 605 (1821 publ. 1822)
= Medicago lupulina var. stipularis (Wallr.) Arcang.; 159 (1882)
= Medicago lupulina var. stipularis (Wallr.) Hallier; W. D. J. Koch, Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv., ed. 3: 534 (1891)
= Medicago lupulina var. unguiculata Ser.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 2: 172 (1825)
= Medicago lupulina var. vassilczenkoi Ubuk.; Fl. Kirgizkoi SSR 7: 156 (1957)
= Medicago lupulina var. willdenowiana W.D.J.Koch; Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv. 1: 161 (1835)
= Medicago lupulina var. willdenowii (Boenn.) Asch.; Fl. Brandenb. 1: 140 (1864)
= Medicago lupulina var. willdenowii (Mérat) Rchb.; XLVI (1833)
= Medicago mniocarpa Wallr. ex Ser.; A. DC., Prodr. 2: 172 (1825), nomen
= Medicago reniformis Dulac; Fl. Hautes-Pyr. 278 (1867)
= Medicago revoilii H.J.Coste & Soulié; Monde Pl. 22: 6 (1921)
= Medicago rigidula var. eriocarpa Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 25 (1899)
= Medicago stipularis Wallr.; Beitr. Fl. Hercyn. 260 (1840)
= Medicago willdenowiana (W.D.J.Koch) Fuckel; 80 (1856), nom. inval.
= Medicago willdenowii Boenn.; Prodr. Fl. Monast. Westphal.: 226 (1824), non Mérat (1812)
= Medicago willdenowii Mérat; Nouv. Fl. Env. Paris: 296 (1812) non Boenn. 1834
= Medicago willdenowii var. retorta Mérat; Nouv. Fl. Env. Paris: 296 (1812)
= Medicula lupulina (L.) Medik.; Vorles. Churpf. Phys. Ges. 2: 386 (1787)
= Medicula lupulina subsp. jalasii (Rothm.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 18(2): 205 (1983)
= Medicula lupulina subsp. willdenowiana (Boenn.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 18(2): 204 (1983)
= Medicula lupulina subsp. willdenowiana (W.D.J.Koch) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 18(2): 205 (1983)
= Melilotus lupulina (L.) Desv.; 166 (1818)
= Melilotus lupulina var. tenuifolia Desv.; 166 (1818)
= Melilotus lupulina var. willdenowii (Mérat) Desv.; 166 (1818)
= Melilotus lupulinus (L.) Trautv.; Bull. Sci. Acad. Petersb. 8: 271 (1841) non Lam. 1779
= Melilotus medicaginoides Zumagl.; Fl. Pedemont. 2: 214 (1864), nom. illeg.
= Trifolium lupulinum (L.) Savi; Fl. Pis. 2: 171 (1798)
= Trigonella mniocarpa Wallr. ex DC.; Prodr. 2: 172 (1825)
species :
Medicago makranica Heyn; Fl. Iran., 157: 259 (1984)
Distribution: Pakistan
40 PAK
species :
Medicago marina L.; Sp. Pl.: 779 (1753)
Name: Meeres-Schneckenklee (DE); Sea Medick (EN)
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Pantelleria; Malta; Croatia; Montenegro; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Crimea; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt (NW-coastal Egypt); Canary Isl. (Tenerife); Northern Caucasus (Krasnodar); Georgia [Caucasus]; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Lebanon (coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria); Israel (coastal W-Israel); Sinai peninsula (N-Sinai)
12 BAL COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BUL CRO GRC ITA KRI MLT MNT PTL ROM SIC TUE 14 KRY 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 21 CNY 33 GEO NCS 34 CYP EAI ISR LEB SIN SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Medica marina (L.) Lam.; Fl. Franç. 2: 584 (1779)
= Medica maritima Bubani; Fl. Pyren. 2: 475 (1899), nom. superfl.
= Medica tomentosa Moench; Meth. Suppl. 38 (1802)
= Medicago marina f. tuberculata (Rouy) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. 6(2): 404 (1906)
= Medicago marina var. inermis Rouy; Fl. Franç. 5: 17 (1899)
= Medicago marina var. tuberculata Rouy; Fl. Franç. 5: 17 (1899)
= Medicago maritima Pall. ex Georgi; Beschr. Russ. Reich. 3(4): 1197 (1800)
= Medicago murex var. inermis Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 17 (1899)
= Medicago murex var. tuberculata Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 17 (1899)
species :
Medicago minima (L.) L.; Fl. Angl.: 21 (1754)
Name: Zwerg-Schneckenklee (DE); Burr Medick (EN)
Distribution: England; Denmark; Sweden; Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, +Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen [I], Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; Andorra; Gibraltar; Baleares; France; Channel Isl.; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Pantelleria; Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); Malta; San Marino; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Estonia [I]; Belarus [I]; E-European Russia; Moldova; Ukraine; Crimea; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt (Great Southwestern Desert, NW-coastal Egypt); Madeira (Madeira Isl., Ilhas Desertas, Porto Santo Isl.); Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro, La Palma Isl.); Sudan; Ethiopia; Eritrea; Djibouti; Somalia; Soqotra; Siberia [I] (W-Siberia [I]); Russian Far East [I]; Russian Far East [I] (Primorye [I]); Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia); Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, S-Iran, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Badakshan, Kabul, Laghman, Nangarhar, Qunduz, Takhar); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, Jazira, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, Judean Desert); Sinai peninsula (S-Sinai); Jordania (W-Jordania); Saudi Arabia (Asir); Yemen (W-Yemen); China (Anhui, Gansu, Hebei, Henan, Hubei, Jiangsu, Liaoning, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Zhejiang); South Korea [I]; Japan [I]; Pakistan (Chitral, Rawalpindi, Hazara); NW-India (Punjab, Jammu & Kashmir, Poonch); Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); New Zealand [I]; Hawaii [I] (Kauai [I], Lanai [I], Maui [I], Hawaii Isl. [I]); USA [I] (Alabama [I], Arkansas [I], Arizona [I], California [I], Connecticut [I], Florida [I], Kansas [I], Louisiana [I], Massachusetts [I], Maryland [I], Michigan [I], Missouri [I], Mississippi [I], North Carolina [I], New Jersey [I], New York [I], Oklahoma [I], Oregon [I], South Carolina [I], Tennessee [I], Texas [I], Virginia [I], Washington State [I]); Uruguay [I]; Argentina [I]; Chile [I] (Coquimbo [I], Valparaíso [I], Metropolitana de Santiago [I], O´Higgins [I], Araucanía [I], Magallanes [I])
10 DEN GRB SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 ADO BAL CIS COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MLT MNT NMA PEL PTL ROM SIC SLV SMA SRB 14 blr est KRY MLD RUS UKR 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 21 CNY MDR 24 DJI ERI ETH SOC SOM SUD 30 sib 31 rfe 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM GEO NCS 34 AFG CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SIN SYR TUR 35 SAU YEM 36 CHI 38 jap kor 40 IND PAK 50 aus 51 nzl 63 haw 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa 85 arg cle uru
Synonyms: hidden
= Medica hirsuta (L.) Bubani; Fl. Pyren. 2: 477 (1899)
= Medicago americana Larrañaga; Escritos D. A. Larrañaga 2: 233 (1923)
= Medicago arabica var. echinata Weston; Bot. Univ. 3: 481 (1772)
= Medicago brachyacantha A.Kern.; Oesterr. Bot. Zeitschr. 18: 386 (1868)
= Medicago elongata (Rochel) Simonk. ex A.Kern.; Sched. Fl. Exsicc. Austr.-Hung. 6: 4 (1893)
= Medicago graeca Hornem.; Hort. Hafn. 2: 728 (1815)
= Medicago heterocarpa Dürrnb. ex Murr; 199 (1897), nom. illeg.
= Medicago hirsuta (L.) All.; Fl. Pedem. 1: 315 (1785), isonym
= Medicago hirsuta (L.) Bartal.; Cat. Piante Siena: 61 (1776), isonym
= Medicago hirsutissima Cirillo ex Steud.; Nom. ed. II. 2: 109 (1840), nomen
= Medicago inconspicua Nevski; Trudy Bot. Inst. Akad. Nauk S. S. S. R., ser. 1, Fl. Sist. Vyss. Rast. 4: 250 (1937)
= Medicago lineata Tausch; Flora 14: 210 (1831)
= Medicago meyeri Gruner; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 40(2)- 416 (1867)
= Medicago minima (L.) Bartal.; Cat. Piante Siena: 60 (1776), isonym
= Medicago minima f. brachyacantha (A.Kern.) Gams; 1274 (1923)
= Medicago minima f. brachyodon (Rchb.) J.J.H.Schmidt; 183 (1897)
= Medicago minima f. canescens (Ser.) Gams; 1274 (1923)
= Medicago minima f. compacta (Neyraut) Gams; 1274 (1923)
= Medicago minima f. elongata (Rochel) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. 6(2): 438 (1906)
= Medicago minima f. erecta Gams; 1274 (1923)
= Medicago minima f. glandulosa H.Lindb.; Öfvers. Finska Vetensk.-Soc. Förh. 48(13): 53 (1906)
= Medicago minima f. heterocarpa (Dürrnb. ex Murr) Gams; 1274 (1923)
= Medicago minima f. lineata (Tausch) Gams; 1274 (1923)
= Medicago minima f. mollissima (Roth) Urb.; Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 15: 79 (1873)
= Medicago minima f. procumbens Gams; 1274 (1923)
= Medicago minima f. pubescens (Webb) Urb.; Verh. Bot. Ver. Prov. Brandenb. 15: 78 (1873)
= Medicago minima f. pulchella (Lowe) Kozuharov; Fl. Nar. Republ. Bulgariya 6: 317 (1976)
= Medicago minima f. viscida (W.D.J.Koch) Urb.; Verh. Bot. Ver. Prov. Brandenb. 15: 78 (1873)
= Medicago minima f. vulgaris (Urb.) Morariu; Fl. Rom. 5: 136 (1957)
= Medicago minima subsp. brachyodon (Rchb.) Arcang.; 165 (1882)
= Medicago minima subsp. brevispina (Benth.) Ponert; Feddes Repert. 83: 639 (1973)
= Medicago minima subsp. longiseta (Ser.) Arcang.; 165 (1882)
= Medicago minima subsp. ononidea Coincy ex Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 42 (1899)
= Medicago minima subsp. pulchella (Lowe) Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital.: 165 (1882)
= Medicago minima subsp. pulchella (Lowe) Menezes; Fl. Arch. Madeira: 45 (1914), isonym
= Medicago minima subsp. recta (Desf.) Malag.; Fl. Tarragona Pl. Vasc.: 18 (1971)
= Medicago minima subvar. brachyodon (Rchb.) Gams; 1274 (1923)
= Medicago minima subvar. canescens (Ser.) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 41 (1899)
= Medicago minima subvar. elongata (Rochel) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 41 (1899)
= Medicago minima subvar. pubescens (Webb) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 41 (1899)
= Medicago minima subvar. stenophylla (Clavaud) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 41 (1899)
= Medicago minima subvar. viscida (W.D.J.Koch) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 41 (1899)
= Medicago minima var. brachyodon Rchb.; Fl. Germ. Excurs. 2: 502 (1832)
= Medicago minima var. brevispina Benth.; Engl. Bot.,: tab. 2635 (1826)
= Medicago minima var. brevispina Lowe; Man. Fl. Madeira 1: 166 (1862), isonym
= Medicago minima var. canescens Ser.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 2: 178 (1825)
= Medicago minima var. compacta Neyraut; Bull. Soc. Linn. Bordeaux 52: 108 (1897)
= Medicago minima var. elongata Rochel; Pl. Banat. Rar.: 51 (1828)
= Medicago minima var. exilis Lange; Pag. Pl. Hisp. 4: 167 (1866)
= Medicago minima var. graeca (Hornem.) Candargy; Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 45: 192 (1898)
= Medicago minima var. hirsuta (All.) Fiori; Nuova Fl. Anal. Italia 1: 837 (1925)
= Medicago minima var. hirsuta (L.) Mérat; Nouv. Fl. Env. Paris: 298 (1812)
= Medicago minima var. incana Gaudin; Fl. Helv. 4: 614 (1829), nomen
= Medicago minima var. intermedia Kozuharov; Bldg. Acad. Sci. 15: 161 (1965)
= Medicago minima var. longiseta DC. ex Ser.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 2: 178 (1825)
= Medicago minima var. longiseta Ser.; Prodr. [DC. & Lam.] 2: 178 (1825)
= Medicago minima var. longispina Lowe; Man. Fl. Mut. 1: 136 (1868)
= Medicago minima var. maior Moris; Fl. Sard. 1: 451 (1837)
= Medicago minima var. maritima Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 605 (1821 publ. 1822)
= Medicago minima var. mitis Phil.; Anales Univ. Chile 41: 682 (1872)
= Medicago minima var. mollissima (Roth) W.D.J.Koch; Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv.: 164 (1835)
= Medicago minima var. pubescens Webb; Webb & Berthel., Hist. Nat. Iles Canaries 3(2
= Medicago minima var. pulchella (Lowe) Lowe; Man. Fl. Madeira 1: 166 (1862)
= Medicago minima var. recta (Desf.) Burnat; Fl. Alpes Marit. 2: 109 (1896)
= Medicago minima var. stenophylla Clavaud; Fl.: 263 (1884)
= Medicago minima var. viscida Schur; Verh. Naturf. Vereins Brünn 15(2): 173 (1877), nom. illeg.
= Medicago minima var. viscida W.D.J.Koch; Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv.: 164 (1835)
= Medicago minima var. winterlii Priszter; Bot. Közlem. 59(1): 45 (1972)
= Medicago mollissima Roth; Bot. Abh. Beobachte: 49 (1787)
= Medicago ononidea (Coincy ex Rouy) A.W.Hill; Index Kew., Suppl. 6: 125 (1926)
= Medicago polonica Bellardi ex Balb.; L. Colla, Herb. Pedem. 2: 100 (1834)
= Medicago polymorpha var. hirsuta L.; Sp. Pl. 2: 780 (1753)
= Medicago polymorpha var. minima L.; Sp. Pl.: 780 (1753)
= Medicago polymorpha var. recta Desf.; Fl. Atlant. 2: 212 (1799)
= Medicago pulchella Lowe; Trans. Cambridge Philos. Soc 6: 547 (1838)
= Medicago pulchella Tod.; Index Seminum (PAL, Panormitani) 1868: 36 (1868), nom. illeg.
= Medicago recta (Desf.) Willd.; Sp. Pl. 3: 1415 (1802)
= Medicago rigidula Hoffm. ex Steud.; Nom. ed. II. 2: 109 (1840)
= Medicago sessilis Peyron ex Post; Fl. Syria, Palest. & Sinai, 10 (1896)
= Medicago villosa Brot.; Fl. Lusit. 2: 116 (1804)
= Medicago viscida (W.D.J.Koch) Schur; Verh. Naturf. Ver. Brünn 15(2): 173 (1877)
= Ononis ornithopodioides Sieber ex Tausch; Flora 14: 210 (1831), nomen
= Spirocarpus minimus (L.) Opiz; Seznam, 93 (1852)
species :
Medicago monantha (C.A.Mey.) Trautv.; Bull. Sci. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg 8: 272 (1841)
subspecies :
subsp. monantha
Name: Einblütiger Schneckenklee (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; France [I]; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (Central Anatolia, E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, W-Iraq: Desert); Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., Iranian Aserbaijan, S-Iran, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Badakshan, Wakhan, Badghys, Baghlan, Balkh, Bamyan, Farah, Faryab, Ghazni, Herat, Jawzjan / Sar-e-Pol, Kabul, Kandahar, Kunar / Nuristan, Laghman, Logar, Wardak, Nangarhar, Nimroz, Orozgan / Daykundi, Paktia / Khost, Parwan, Qunduz, Samangan, Takhar, Zabul); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, NW-Syria, Jbel Druze); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Saudi Arabia (NE-Saudi Arabia); Qatar; China (Xinjiang); USA [I] (Massachusetts [I])
11 ger 12 fra 32 KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE NCS 34 AFG IRN IRQ JOR LEB SYR TUR 35 QAT SAU 36 CHI 75 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Medicago psilocarpa Trautv.; Bull. Sci. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg 8: 272 (1841)
= Telis brahuica (Boiss.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 209 (1891)
= Telis monantha (C.A.Mey.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 209 (1891)
= Trigonella brahuica Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 2: 73 (1872)
= Trigonella hamaticarpa Hausskn. & Bornm. ex Sirj.; Spisy Prír. Fak. Masarykovy Univ. 148: 4 (1932), pro syn.
= Trigonella macroglochin Durieu; Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 6: 593 (1859)
= Trigonella monantha C.A.Mey.; Verz. Pfl. Casp. Meer.: 137 (1831)
= Trigonella monantha f. integrata Godr. ex Thell.; Fl. Adv. Montpellier: 301 (1912)
= Trigonella monantha f. pinnatifida Thell.; Fl. Adv. Montp.: 301 (1912)
= Trigonella monantha var. brachycarpa Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 2: 78 (1872)
= Trigonella monantha var. integrata Godr. ex Thell.; 301 (1912)
= Trigonella monantha var. macroglochin (Durieu) Sirj.; Publ. Fac. Sci. Univ. Masaryk Brno 4: 4 (1931)
= Trigonella monantha var. pinnatifida Thell.; 301 (1912)
= Trigonella uncinata Eig; J. Bot. 75: 188 (1937), non Banks & Sol. 1794
subspecies :
subsp. incisa (Benth.) Verloove & Lambinon; Syst. & Geogr. Pl. 76(2): 220 (2006)
Distribution: Pakistan (Baluchistan, Khyber, Peshawar, Hazara, Chitral, Pakistani Punjab, Gilgit); Bhutan; India (Delhi, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Punjab, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh)
40 BHU IND PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Telis incisa (Royle ex Benth.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 209 (1891)
= Trigonella incisa Benth.in Royle; Illustr. Bot. Himal. 197 (1835)
= Trigonella incisa f. multiflora Sirj.; Publ. Fac. Sci. Univ. Masaryk Brno 4: 11 (1931)
= Trigonella incisa Royle ex Benth.; Royle, Ill. Bot. Himal. Mts.: 197 (1835)
= Trigonella monantha subsp. incisa (Royle ex Benth.) Elenevsky & Kupat.; Biol. Zhurn. Armenii 21(6): 69 (1968)
subspecies :
subsp. noeana (Boiss.) Greuter & Burdet; Willdenowia 19: 32 (1989)
Distribution: Kenya [I]; Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus; Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia); Iraq (NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia, W-Iraq: Desert); Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, S-Iran, W-Iran); Afghanistan; Syria (C-Syrian Desert, Jazira, NW-Syria); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Mongolia
25 ken 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 NCS 34 AFG IRN IRQ JOR SYR TUR 37 MON
Synonyms: hidden
= Medicago dicarpa Trautv.; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 1: 24 (1870)
= Telis noeana (Boiss.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 209 (1891)
= Trigonella dicarpa C.A.Mey. ex Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 2: 77 (1872)
= Trigonella geminiflora Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 2: 77 (1872), nom. illeg.
= Trigonella geminiflora var. curvata Sirj. & Rech.; Dan. Biol. Skr. 3: 12 (1957)
= Trigonella geminiflora Bunge; Arb. Naturf. Ver. Riga 1: 219 (1847)
= Trigonella incisa var. geminiflora (Bunge) Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 2: 76 (1872)
= Trigonella monantha subsp. geminiflora (Bunge) Rech.f.; Fl. Iran., 157: 244 (1984)
= Trigonella monantha subsp. noeana (Boiss.) Hub.-Mor.; P. H. Davis, Fl. Turkey 3: 475 (1969)
= Trigonella noeana Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 2, 2: 11 (1856)
= Trigonella noeana f. brachycarea (Boiss.) Sirj.; Publ. Fac. Sci. Univ. Masnryk Brno 4: 8 (1931)
= Trigonella noeana f. integrata Sirj.; Publ. Fac. Sci. Univ. Masaryk Brno 4: 7 (1931)
= Trigonella noeana f. pedunculata Sirj.; Publ. Fac. Sci. Univ. Masnryk Brno 4: 8 (1931)
= Trigonella noeana f. pinnatifida (Thell.) Beck ex Sirj.; Publ. Fac. Sci. Univ. Masaryk Brno 4: 8 (1931)
= Trigonella noeana f. reticulata Sirj.; Publ. Fac. Sci. Univ. Masaryk Brno 4: 8 (1931)
= Trigonella noeana f. tricarpa (Beck) Sirj.; Spisy Prír. Fak. Masarykovy Univ. 136: 8 (1931)
= Trigonella noeana var. aleppica Zohary; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 51: 280 (1934)
= Trigonella noeana var. minor Post; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 24: 425 (1888)
= Trigonella noeana var. tricarpa Beck; Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Wien. Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 51: 63 (1886)
species :
Medicago monspeliaca (L.) Trautv.; Bull. Sci. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint Pétersbourg 8: 272 (1841)
Name: Montpellier-Schneckenklee (DE) Hairy Trigonella (EN)
Distribution: Belgium; Germany [I]; Switzerland; Austria; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; Andorra; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); Malta; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Estonia [I]; E-European Russia; Crimea; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt (NW-coastal Egypt); Canary Isl. (Lanzarote); Turkmenistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan (incl. Nachichevan); East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, NW-Syria, Jbel Druze); Israel (C-Israel, coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, N-Negev Desert, Judean Desert, Negev Desert); Sinai peninsula (N-Sinai); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Pakistan (Baluchistan); USA [I] (Alabama [I], Massachusetts [I], Maryland [I], New York [I]); Argentina [I]; Chile [I] (Valparaíso [I], Metropolitana de Santiago [I], O´Higgins [I])
11 AUT BGM CZE ger HUN SLO SWI 12 ADO BAL COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MLT MNT NMA PEL ROM SIC SRB TUE 14 est KRY RUS 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 21 CNY 32 TKM 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 CYP EAI IRQ ISR JOR LEB SIN SYR TUR 40 PAK 75 usa 78 usa 85 arg cle
Synonyms: hidden
= Buceras elliptica Moench; Methodus 143 (1794), nom. illeg.
= Buceras monspeliaca (L.) All.; Fl. Pedem. 1: 313 (1785)
= Falcatula monspeliaca (L.) Fourr.; Ann. Soc. L. Lyon, N. S. 16: 360 (1868)
= Telis monspeliaca (L.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 209 (1891)
= Trigonella divaricata Clairv.; Man. Herbor.: 132 (1811)
= Trigonella monspeliaca f. eigii Sirj.; Publ. Fac. Sci. Univ. Masaryk Brno 4: 24 (1931)
= Trigonella monspeliaca f. incisa Sirj.; Publ. Fac. Sci. Univ. Masaryk Brno 4: 24 (1931)
= Trigonella monspeliaca f. leiocaya (W.D.J.Koch) Sirj.; Publ. Fac. Sci. Univ. Masaryk Brno 4: 24 (1931)
= Trigonella monspeliaca f. macrocarpa (Bornm.) Sirj.; Publ. Fac. Sci. Univ. Masaryk Brno 4: 24 (1931)
= Trigonella monspeliaca f. moabitica Sirj. & Eig; Moab. Palaestinae 7: 5 (1927)
= Trigonella monspeliaca f. naftolskyi (Eig) Sirj.; Publ. Fac. Sci. Univ. Masaryk Brno 4: 24 (1931)
= Trigonella monspeliaca f. nuda Sirj.; Publ. Fac. Sci. Univ. Masaryk Brno 4: 24 (1931)
= Trigonella monspeliaca f. petiolata (Post) Sirj.; Publ. Fac. Sci. Univ. Masaryk Brno 4: 24 (1931)
= Trigonella monspeliaca L.; Sp. Pl.: 777 (1753)
= Trigonella monspeliaca subsp. caulescens Feinbrun; Beih. Bot. Centralb. &I 51(2): 396)
= Trigonella monspeliaca subsp. subacaulis Feinbrun; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 51(2): 396 (1933)
= Trigonella monspeliaca var. glabrata Eig; Bull. Inst. Agr. Nat. Hist. 6: 10 (1927)
= Trigonella monspeliaca var. leiocarpa W.D.J.Koch; Röhl., Deutschl, Fl., ed. 3, 5: 313 (1839)
= Trigonella monspeliaca var. macrocarpa Bornm.; Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 48: 577 (1898)
= Trigonella monspeliaca var. naftolskyi Eig; Bull. Inst. Agr. Nat. Hist. 6: 10 (1927)
= Trigonella monspeliaca var. petiolata Post; Fl. Syr. Pal. Sin.: 222 (1883)
= Trigonella parviflora Sm.; Rees, Cycl. 36: no. 16 (1817)
species :
Medicago murex Willd.; Sp. Pl. 3: 1410 (1802)
subspecies :
subsp. murex
Name: Kurzstachliger Schneckenklee (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Croatia; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Mauritania; East Aegaean Isl.; Turkey (S-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, NW-Syria); Israel (coastal W-Israel, N-Israel)
11 ger 12 BAL COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 CRO GRC ITA KRI SIC 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN 22 MTN 34 EAI ISR LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Medicago heterocarpa Spach ex Durieu; Expl. Sci. Algérie, Atlas: t. 89, f. 2 (1849)
= Medicago juliae Sennen & Mauricio; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 78: 186 (1931)
= Medicago lesinsii E.Small; Canad. J. Bot. 63: 733 (1985)
= Medicago murex f. sorrentini (Tineo) Urb.; Verh. Bot. Ver. Prov. Brandenb. 15: 73 (1873)
= Medicago murex subsp. aculeata (Urb.) Arcang.; 489 (1894)
= Medicago murex subsp. heterocarpa (Spach ex Durieu) Jauzein; Fl. Champs Cult.: 863 (1995)
= Medicago murex subsp. inermis (Guss.) Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital.: 164 (1882)
= Medicago murex var. aculeata Urb.; Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 15: 72 (1873)
= Medicago murex var. breviseta Rouy; Fl. France [Rouy & Foucaud] 5: 34 (1899)
= Medicago murex var. brevispina Rouy; Fl. France [Rouy & Foucaud] 5: 33 (1899)
= Medicago murex var. inermis (Guss.) Urb.; Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 15: 73 (1873)
= Medicago murex var. sorrentini (Tineo) Batt.; Fl. Algérie [Batt. & Trab.] Dicot.: 230 (1889)
= Medicago muricula St.-Lag.; Ann. Soc. Bot. Lyon 7: 130 (1880)
= Medicago sorrentini Tineo; Index Seminum (PAL, Panormitani) 1859: 30 (1859)
= Medicago tribuloides subsp. murex (Willd.) Bonnier & Layens; Tabl. Syn. Pl. Vasc. France: 75 (1894)
subspecies :
subsp. sphaerocarpos (Bertol.) K.A.Lesins & I.Lesins; Gen. Medicago: 175 (1979)
Name: Rundfrüchtiger Schneckenklee (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; France; Greece; E-Turkey
11 ger 12 FRA 13 GRC 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Medica sphaerocarpa (Bertol.) Bubani; Fl. Pyren. 2: 480 (1900)
= Medicago globulifera Desf.; Tabl. ed. I. 190 (1804)
= Medicago murex f. macrocarpa (Moris) Urb.; 73 (1873)
= Medicago murex f. ovata (Carmign.) Urb.; 73 (1873)
= Medicago murex f. sicula (Tod.) Urb.; 73 (1873)
= Medicago murex f. sphaerocarpos (Bertol.) Urb.; Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 15: 73 (1873)
= Medicago murex proles ovata (Carmign.) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 33 (1899)
= Medicago murex subsp. ovata (Carmign.) Cout.; 335 (1913)
= Medicago murex subvar. rodriguezii (Font Quer ex J.Casellas) O.Bolòs & Vigo; Butl. Inst. Catalana Hist. Nat., Secc. Bot. 38(1): 69 (1974)
= Medicago murex var. macrocarpa (Moris) Willk.; Willk. & Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 3: 385 (1877)
= Medicago murex var. macrocarpa Moris; Fl. Sard.1: 446 (1837)
= Medicago murex var. ovata (Carmign.) Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital.: 163 (1882)
= Medicago murex var. ovata (Carmign.) Urb.; Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 15: 73 (1873)
= Medicago murex var. rodriguezii Font Quer ex J.Casellas; Collect. Bot. (Barcelona) 6: 244 (1962)
= Medicago murex var. sicula (Tod.) Batt.; Fl. Algérie [Batt. & Trab.] Dicot.: 231 (1889)
= Medicago murex var. sphaerocarpos (Bertol.) Urb.; Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 15: 73 (1873)
= Medicago murex var. sphaerocarpos (Bertol.) Willk.in Willk. & Lange; Prodr. Fl. Hisp. 3: 385 (1877)
= Medicago ovata Carmign.; Giorn. Accad. Ital. 5: 11 (1810)
= Medicago sicula Tod.; Index Sem. Hort. Panorm. 1868: 36 (1869)
= Medicago sphaerocarpos Bertol.; Rar. Ital. Pl. 3: 60 (1810)
= Medicago sphaerocarpos var. macrocarpa Moris; Fl. Sardoa 1: 446 (1837)
= Medicago sphaerocarpos var. ovalis Moris; Fl. Sardoa 1: 446 (1837)
species :
Medicago muricoleptis Tineo; Pl. Rar. Sicil. Pugill. 1: 18 (1817)
Distribution: S-France [I]; S-Italy; Sicily; Greece
12 fra 13 GRC ITA SIC
Synonyms: hidden
= Medicago decandollei Tineo ex Guss.; Fl. Sicul. Syn. 2: 369 (1844)
= Medicago intertexta var. decandollei (Tineo ex Guss.) Urb.; Index Seminum (B) 1873(App. 3): 1 (1873)
= Medicago intertexta var. muricoleptis (Tineo) Fiori; Fl. It. 2: 41 (1900)
= Medicago muricoleptis Ser.; A. DC., Prodr. 2: 179 (1825), nom. illeg.
= Medicago muricoleptis var. minor Tineo ex Lojac.; Fl. Sic. 1(2): 68 (1891)
species :
Medicago noeana Boiss.; Diagn. ser. 2, 2: 10 (1856)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq)
34 IRQ TUR
species :
Medicago orbicularis (L.) Bartal.; Cat. Plante Siena: 60 (1776)
Name: Scheiben-Schneckenklee (DE); Button Medick (EN)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; Andorra; Gibraltar; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Pantelleria; Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); Malta; San Marino; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Crimea; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt (NE-Egypt, Nile Delta, NW-coastal Egypt); Madeira (Madeira Isl.); Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Palma Isl.); Ethiopia [I]; South Africa [I]; Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia); Iran (EC-Iran, N-Iran, S-Iran, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Kabul, Kandahar, Samangan); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, NW-Syria); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, Judean Desert, Negev Desert); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, N-Sinai); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Saudi Arabia (Asir); Japan [I]; Bonin Isl. [I] (Chichijima [I]); Pakistan (Baluchistan, Swat); NW-India (Jammu & Kashmir); Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I]); USA [I] (Alabama [I], California [I], Florida [I], Georgia [I], Illinois [I], Louisiana [I], Maryland [I], Mississippi [I], North Carolina [I], New Jersey [I], Oklahoma [I], Tennessee [I], Texas [I])
11 ger HUN 12 ADO BAL COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL GRC ITA KRI MLT MNT NMA PEL PTL ROM SIC SMA 14 KRY 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 21 CNY MDR 24 eth 27 saf 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SIN SYR TUR 35 SAU 38 jap oga 40 IND PAK 50 aus 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Medica inermis Lam.; Fl. Franç. 2: 586 (1779), nom. superfl.
= Medica orbicularis (L.) Medik.; Vorles. Churf. Phys. Ges. 2: 886 (1787)
= Medica orbiculata Bubani; Fl. Pyren. 2: 474 (1899), orth. var.
= Medicago ambigua Jord. ex Boreau; Fl. Centr. Fr. ed. III. 2: 147 (1857)
= Medicago applanata Willd. ex Hornem.; Hort. Bot. Hafn. Suppl 85 (1819)
= Medicago biancae (Tod. ex Urb.) P.Silva; Agron. Lusit. 35: 298 (1974)
= Medicago clypeata Lindl.; Bot. Reg. (1839) Misc. 60
= Medicago cuneata J.Woods; Tourists Fl.: 84 (1850)
= Medicago echinata (Lam.) Steud.; Nom. ed. II. 2: 109 (1840)
= Medicago marginata Willd.; Enum. Pl. Hort. Berol.: 802 (1809)
= Medicago orbicularis (L.) All.; Fl. Ped. 1: 314 (1785), isonym
= Medicago orbicularis f. applanata Costa; Introd. Fl. Cataluña: 59 (1864), nom. nud.
= Medicago orbicularis f. biancae (Tod. ex Urb.) Urb.; Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 15: 60 (1873)
= Medicago orbicularis f. canescens Urb.; Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb. 15: 60 (1873)
= Medicago orbicularis f. glabella Abdullah; Khass., Dikornst. Lyust. Sred. Asii: 86 (1972)
= Medicago orbicularis f. glanduligera Kozuharov; Bulg. Acad. Sci. Reports 15: 149 (1965)
= Medicago orbicularis f. glandulosa Urb.; Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb. 15: 60 (1873)
= Medicago orbicularis f. macrocarpa (Rouy) J.Casellas; Coll. Bot. 6: 223 (1962)
= Medicago orbicularis f. microcarpa J.Casellas; Coll. Bot. 6: 224 (1962)
= Medicago orbicularis f. pilosa (Benth.) Urb.; Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb. 15: 60 (1873)
= Medicago orbicularis f. praecox Sinskaya; Fl. Cult. Pl. U. S. S. R. 13(1): 176 (1950)
= Medicago orbicularis f. rubra Sinskaya; FI. Cult. Pl. U. S. S. R.,13(1): 177 (1950)
= Medicago orbicularis f. tardiflora Sinskaya; Fl. Cult. Pl. U. S. S. R. 13(1): 176 (1950)
= Medicago orbicularis f. viridis Sinskaya; Fl. Cult. Pl. U. S. S. R. 13(1): 177 (1950)
= Medicago orbicularis proles marginata (Willd.) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 18 (1899)
= Medicago orbicularis subsp. castellana (J.Caselias) P.Monts.; Bull. Soc. Échange Pl. Vasc. Eur. Occid. Bassin Médit. 15: 76 (1972-1973 publ. 1974)
= Medicago orbicularis subsp. cuneata (J.Woods) Arcang.; 487 (1894)
= Medicago orbicularis subsp. marginata (Willd.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 167 (1878)
= Medicago orbicularis var. applanata (Willd. ex Hornem.) Nègre; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 50: 285 (1959)
= Medicago orbicularis var. biancae (Tod. ex Urb.) Arcang.; 161 (1882)
= Medicago orbicularis var. biancae (Tod. ex Urb.) Batt.; Fl. Algérie [Batt. & Trab.] Dicot.: 226 (1889)
= Medicago orbicularis var. castellana J.Casellas; Coll. Bot. 6: 224 (1962)
= Medicago orbicularis var. catholica Nègre; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 50: 286 (1959)
= Medicago orbicularis var. cuneata (J.Woods) Fiori; Fl. Ital. 2: 34 (1900)
= Medicago orbicularis var. glandulosa (Urb.) Arcang.; 161 (1882)
= Medicago orbicularis var. glandulosa (Urb.) Rouy; Fl. Franç. 5: 18 (1899)
= Medicago orbicularis var. hebecarpa Pancic; Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 6: 479 (1856)
= Medicago orbicularis var. laxicycla Salisb.; Flora 17: 54 (1834)
= Medicago orbicularis var. macrocarpa Rouy; Fl. France [Rouy & Foucaud] 5: 18 (1899)
= Medicago orbicularis var. marginata (Willd.) Benth.; Cat. Pl. Pyrendes: 100 (1826)
= Medicago orbicularis var. microcarpa Rouy; Fl. France [Rouy & Foucaud] 5: 18 (1899)
= Medicago orbicularis var. microcarpa Ser.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 2: 174 (1825)
= Medicago orbicularis var. pilosa (Benth.) Urb.; Index Seminum (B) 1873(App. 3): 1 (1873)
= Medicago orbicularis var. pilosa (Willd.) Benth.; Cat. Pl. Pyr.: 101 (1826)
= Medicago orbicularis var. undulata Rouy; Fl. Franç. 5: 18 (1899)
= Medicago orbiculata Gaertn.; De Fruct. 2: 349 (1791)
= Medicago polymorpha var. orbicularis L.; Sp. Pl.: 779 (1753)
= Medicago scutellata Pall. ex M.Bieb.; Fl. Taur. Cauc. 2: 226 (1808), non (L.) Mill. 1768
= Medicago viscidula Bellardi ex Colla; Herb. Pedem. 2: 100 (1834)
= Pocockia applanata (Willd. ex Hornem.) Trautv.; Index Seminum (KIEV, Kioviensi) 1842: 4 (1842)
= Pocockia marginata (Willd.) Trautv.; Index Seminum (KIEV, Kioviensi) 1842: 4 (1842)
= Pocockia orbicularis (L.) Trautv.; Index Seminum (KIEV, Kioviensi) 1842: 4 (1842)
species :
Medicago orthoceras (Kar. & Kir.) Trautv.; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 5: 421 (1878)
Name: Geradhörniger Schneckenklee (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; SE-European Russia; Siberia [I] (W-Siberia [I]); W-Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia); Iraq (NW-Iraq, W-Iraq: Desert); Iran (NE-Iran: Mts., Iranian Aserbaijan); China (W-Xinjiang); Pakistan (Baluchistan)
11 ger 14 RUS 30 sib 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN IRQ TUR 36 CHI 40 PAK
Remarks: polyceratia agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Telis orthoceras (Kar. & Kir.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 209 (1891)
= Trigonella anatolica Boiss. & Balansa; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 2, 6: 46 (1859)
= Trigonella orthoceras f. pedunculata Sirj.; Spisy Prír. Fak. Masarykovy Univ. 136: 17 (1931)
= Trigonella orthoceras Kar. & Kir.; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 14: 399 (1841)
= Trigonella orthoceras var. anatolica (Boiss. & Balansa) Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 2: 77 (1872)
= Trigonella orthoceras var. baylissiae Blakelock; Kew Bull. 3: 423 (1948)
species :
Medicago pamphylica (Hub.-Mor. & Sirj.) E.Small; Willdenowia 16: 434 (1987)
Distribution: Turkey (SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Trigonella pamphylica Hub.-Mor. & Sirj.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 44: 322 (1938)
species :
Medicago papillosa Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. 2: 23 (1843)
Distribution: Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (E-Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia)
33 ARM AZE GEO 34 TUR
Remarks: papillosa agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Medicago dzhawkhetica Bordz.; Protok. Zased. Kievsk. Obshch. Estestvoisp. 1907: 24 (1907)
= Medicago dzhawkhetica var. timofeewii Troitsky; Vestn. Tiflissk. Bot. Sada, n.s. 1: 90 (1923)
= Medicago glutinosa subsp. papillosa (Boiss.) Ponert; Feddes Repert. 83: 639 (1973)
= Medicago macrocarpa Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 2: 96 (1872), nom. illeg.
= Medicago papillosa subsp. microcarpa Urb.; Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 15: 57 (1873)
= Medicago papillosa var. citrina K.A.Lesins & I.Lesins; Gen. Medicago (Leguminosae): 129 (1979), without latin descr. or type
= Medicago papillosa var. dzhawkhetica (Bordz.) Bordz.; Zap. Kievsk. Obshch. Estestvoisp. 25: 86 (1915)
species :
Medicago persica (Boiss.) E.Small; Willdenowia 16(2): 434 (1987)
Distribution: Iran (S-Iran, SW-Iran)
34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Telis persica (Boiss.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 209 (1891)
= Trigonella persica Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. 2: 22 (1843)
= Trigonella persica f. nabelekii Sirj.; Spisy Prír. Fak. Masarykovy Univ. 128: 24 (1930)
= Trigonella persica var. gandomanica Ranjbar & Z.Hajmoradi; Taxon. Biosyst. 6(21): 83 (2015)
species :
Medicago phrygia (Boiss.) E.Small; Willdenowia 16: 433 (1987)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl.; Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Iraq (NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia, W-Iraq: Desert); Iran (S-Iran, W-Iran); Syria (Jazira)
34 EAI IRN IRQ SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Telis aurantiaca (Boiss.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 209 (1891)
= Trigonella aurantiaca Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. 2: 22 (1843) (non Godr. (1853))
= Trigonella aurantiaca var. cariensis Sirj.; Publ. Fac. Sci. Univ. Masaryk. Brno, 128: 20 (1930)
= Trigonella aurantiaca var. pallida Bornm.; Mitth. Thiir Bot. Ver., N. F. 6: 53 (1894)
= Trigonella aurantiaca var. phrygia (Boiss. & Balansa) Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 2: 74 (1872)
= Trigonella kotschyi Rawi; Dep. Agr. frag Tech. Bull. 14: 78 (1964), non Fenzl ex Boiss. 1873
= Trigonella mareschiana Hand.-Mazz.; Ann. Nat. Hofmus. Wien. 27: 81 (1913)
= Trigonella phrygia Boiss. & Balansa; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 2, 6: 45 (1859)
species :
Medicago pironae Vis.; Index Sem. Hort. Patavia 1855: 7 (1856), nom. nov.
Distribution: NE-Italy; Croatia
13 CRO ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Medicago rupestris Pirona; Fl. Forojul. Syll.: 41 (1855), nom. illeg.
species :
Medicago platycarpos (L.) Trautv.; Bull. Acad. Sci. Petersb. 8: 271 (1841), as ´platycarpa´
Distribution: European Russia; Siberia (Altai, Buryatia, Chita, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva, W-Siberia, Yakutia); Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; China (Xinjiang); Mongolia
14 RUS 30 SIB 32 KAZ KGZ 36 CHI 37 MON
Synonyms: hidden
= Buceras platycarpos (L.) Moench; Meth. Suppl. 51 (1802)
= Medicago platycarpos var. potaninii Sumn.; Sist. Zametki Mater. Gerb. Krylova Tomsk. Gosud. Univ. Kuybysheva 1-2: 14 (1932)
= Melilotoides karkarensis (Semenov ex Vassilcz.) Soják; Sborn. Nár. Muz. Praze, 1982 (1-2): 104 (1982)
= Melilotoides platycarpos (L.) Soják; Sborn. Nár. Muz. Praze, 1982(1-2): 104 (1982)
= Melilotoides platycarpos var. karkarensis (Semen. ex Vassilcz.) Yakovlev; Rast. Tsentral. Azii, 8a: 88 (1988)
= Melissitus karkarensis (Semen. ex Vassilcz.) Golosk.; Fl. Kazakhst. 5: 29 (1961)
= Melissitus platycarpos (L.) Golosk.; Fl. Kazakhst. 5: 29 (1961)
= Pocockia platycarpos (L.) Boiss.; Diagn. Ser. I. 9: 12 (1849)
= Trifillum platycarpos (L.) Medik.; Vorles. Churpfälz. Phys.-Ökon. Ges. 2: 383 (1787)
= Trigonella karkarensis Semen. ex Vassilcz.; Notul. Syst. (Paris) Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS 14: 232 (1951)
= Trigonella platycarpos L.; Sp. Pl. 776 (1753)
= Trigonella platycarpos var. potaninii Sumn.; Sist. Zametki Mater. Gerb. Krylova Tomsk. Gosud. Univ. Kuybysheva 1932(1-2): 14 (1932)
= Trigonella ruthenica Patrin ex Ledeb.; Fl. Alt. 3: 253 (1831)
= Triphyllum platycarpos (L.) Medik.; Phil. Bot. 1: 202 (1789)
= Turukhania platycarpos (L.) Vassilcz.; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 16: 132 (1979)
species :
Medicago polyceratia (L.) Trautv.; Bull. Sci. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg 8: 272 (1841)
Name: Vielhörniger Schneckenklee (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Portugal; Spain; Andorra; France; Croatia; Bulgaria; Greece; SE-European Russia; Crimea; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Egypt (Nile Delta, Nile Valley); Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus (Daghestan); Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (E-Anatolia); Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran); China (Xinjiang)
11 ger 12 ADO FRA POR SPA 13 BUL CRO GRC 14 KRY RUS 20 ALG EGY MOR TUN 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN TUR 36 CHI
Remarks: M. medicaginoides can hardly be kept as separate species and should be included here (Checklist of Greece etc.)
Synonyms: hidden
= Buceras mutica Moench; Methodus: 142 (1794), nom. illeg.
= Buceras polyceratia (L.) All.; Fl. Pedem. 1: 313 (1785)
= Buceras torosa Moench; Meth. Suppl. 51 (1802)
= Buceras tortuosa Steud.; Nom. ed. II. 1: 233 (1840), orth. var.
= Lotus medicaginoides Retz.; Observ. Bot. 2: 23 (1781)
= Medicago arcuata (C.A.Mey.) Trautv.; Bull. Sci. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg 8: 272 (1841)
= Medicago connivens Trautv.; Bull. Sci. Acad. Petersb. 8: 271 (1841)
= Medicago fissa Trautv.; Bull. Sci. Acad. Petersb. 8: 272 (1841)
= Medicago medicaginoides (Retz.) E.Small; Willdenowia 16: 434 (1987)
= Medicago polyceratia subsp. amandiana (Samp.) Greuter & Burdet; Willdenowia 19: 32 (1989)
= Medicago tenuis (Fisch. ex M.Bieb.) Trautv.; Bull. Sci. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg 8: 271 (1841)
= Telis arcuata (C.A.Mey.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 209 (1891)
= Telis polyceratia (L.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 209 (1891)
= Telis striata (L.f.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 209 (1891)
= Trigonella amandiana Samp.; Ann. Sci. Nat. (Porto) 6: 143 (1900)
= Trigonella amandiana var. pinnatifolia Samp.; Ann. Sci. Nat. (Oporto) 6: 144 (1900)
= Trigonella amandiana var. serratifolia Samp.; Ann. Sci. Nat. (Oporto) 6: 144 (1900)
= Trigonella arcuata C.A.Mey.; Verz. Pfl. Casp. Meer.: 136 (1831)
= Trigonella arcuata var. uniflora (Sirj.) Vassilcz.; Trudy Bot. Inst. Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R., Ser. 1, Fl. Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 14: 221 (1953)
= Trigonella atlantica (Ball) Vassilcz.; Acta Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS, Ser. 1, Fasc. 10, 226 (1953)
= Trigonella cancellata f. daghestanica Sirj.; Spisy Prír. Fak. Masarykovy Univ. 128: 17 (1930)
= Trigonella cancellata f. uniflora Sirj.; Spisy Prír. Fak. Masarykovy Univ. 128: 17 (1930)
= Trigonella cancellata subsp. issyk-kulensis Vassilcz.; Trudy Bot. Inst. Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R., Ser. 1, Fl. Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 14: 216 (1953)
= Trigonella cancellata var. arcuata (C.A.Mey.) Sirj.; Spisy Prír. Fak. Masarykovy Univ. 128: 17 (1930)
= Trigonella filiformis Fisch. ex Ledeb.; Fl. Ross. 1: 532 (1843)
= Trigonella hamigera E.D.Clarke; Travels Eur. Asia & Africa 2: 260 (1812)
= Trigonella pes-avium Bertol.; Fl. Ital. 8: 247 (1851)
= Trigonella pinnatifida Cav.; Icon. 1: 26 (1791)
= Trigonella pinnatifida var. intermedia Amo & Mora; Real Acad. Ci. Exact. Madrid 5: (1861)
= Trigonella polyceratia f. ambigua (Samp.) Sirj.; Spisy Prír. Fak. Masarykovy Univ. 136: 14 (1931)
= Trigonella polyceratia f. atlantica (Ball) Sirj.; Spisy Prír. Fak. Masarykovy Univ. 136: 14 (1931)
= Trigonella polyceratia f. glabrata Sirj.; Publ. Fac. Sci. Univ. Masaryk Brno, 136: 14 (1931)
= Trigonella polyceratia f. major (Lange) Sirj.; Spisy Prír. Fak. Masarykovy Univ. 136: 13 (1931)
= Trigonella polyceratia f. melanosperma (Maire) Sirj.; Publ. Fac. Sci. Univ. Masaryk Brno, 136: 14 (1931)
= Trigonella polyceratia f. pinnatifida (Cav.) Lange; Willk. & Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 3: 390 (1877)
= Trigonella polyceratia f. prostrata (Lange) Sirj.; Spisy Prír. Fak. Masarykovy Univ. 136: 13 (1931)
= Trigonella polyceratia L.; Sp. Pl.: 777 (1753)
= Trigonella polyceratia subsp. amandiana (Samp.) Amich & J.Sánchez; Stud. Bot (Salarnanca) 2: 129 (1983)
= Trigonella polyceratia subsp. pinnatifida (Cav.) Mateo, C.Torres & Fabado; Flora Montiber. 35: 37 (2007)
= Trigonella polyceratia var. amandiana (Samp.) Samp.; Man. Fl. Port.: 235 (1911)
= Trigonella polyceratia var. atlantica Ball; J. Bot. 11 (London): 305 (1873)
= Trigonella polyceratia var. glabrata (Sirj.) Maire; Cat. Pl. Maroc 4: 1037 (1941)
= Trigonella polyceratia var. longipes Samp.; Man. Fl. Portug.: 235 (1911)
= Trigonella polyceratia var. major Lange; Vidensk. Meddel. Dansk Naturhist. Foren. Kjobenhavn, 1865: 172 (1866)
= Trigonella polyceratia var. melanosperma Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 14: 139 (1923)
= Trigonella polyceratia var. minor Rouy; Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 31: 74 (1884)
= Trigonella polyceratia var. pinnatifida (Cav.) Lange; Vidensk. Meddel. Naturhist. Foren. Kjøbenhavn 1865: 172 (1866)
= Trigonella polyceratia var. pinnatifida (Cav.) Willk.; Prodr. Fl. Hispan. [Willk. & Lange] 3: 390 (1880)
= Trigonella polyceratia var. pinnatifolia (Samp.) Amich & J.Sánchez; Stud. Bot. Univ. Salamanca 2: 130 (1983)
= Trigonella polyceratia var. polyceratoides (Lange) Malag.; Sin. Fl. IHr. 37: 589 (1976)
= Trigonella polyceratia var. prostrata Lange; Vidensk. Meddel. Dansk Naturhist. Foren. Kjobenhavn, 1865: 172 (1866)
= Trigonella polyceratia var. sericea Emb.; Bull. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc 15: 207 (1935)
= Trigonella polyceratia var. serratifolia (Samp.) Amich & J.Sánchez; Stud. Bot. Univ. Salamanca 2: 130 (1983)
= Trigonella polyceratia var. subpinnatifida Willk.; Ser. Inconf. Pl. Aragon: 28 (1863)
= Trigonella polyceratoides Lange; Vidensk. Meddel. Dansk Naturhist. Foren. Kjobenh. ser. 2, 7: 172 (1865)
= Trigonella retzii Spreng.; Syst. Veg. ed. 16. 3: 283 (1826)
= Trigonella striata L.f.; Suppl. Pl.: 340 (1782)
= Trigonella striata var. monantha Pancic; Verh. Zool.-Bot. Vereins Wien 6: 481 (1856)
= Trigonella tenuis Fisch. ex M.Bieb.; Fl. Taur.-Caucas. 3: 514 (1819)
= Trigonella ×ambigua Samp.; Ann. Sci. Nat. (Oporto) 6: 144 (1900)
species :
Medicago polymorpha L.; Sp. Pl.: 779 (1753)
Name: Rauer Schneckenklee (DE); Toothed Medick (EN)
Distribution: England; Netherlands [I]; Belgium; Luxembourg [I]; Germany [I]; Switzerland [I]; Austria; Hungary [I]; Portugal; Spain; Andorra; Gibraltar; Baleares; France; Channel Isl.; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Pantelleria; Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); Malta; San Marino; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Estonia [I]; Belarus; European Russia; Crimea; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt (Desert Oases, Eastern Desert, Great Southwestern Desert, NE-Egypt, Nile Delta, Nile Valley, NW-coastal Egypt); Azores (Santa Maria Isl., Sao Miguel Isl., Terceira, Graciosa, Sao Jorge, Pico, Faial); Madeira (Madeira Isl., Ilhas Desertas, Porto Santo Isl.); Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro, La Palma Isl.); Cape Verde Isl. (Santo Antao Isl.); Ethiopia [I]; Djibouti; Soqotra; Kenya [I]; Tanzania [I]; Angola [I]; Namibia [I]; South Africa [I] (widespread); St. Helena [I]; Mauritius [I]; La Réunion [I]; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (E-Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia, S-Iraq, W-Iraq: Desert); Iran (N-Iran, S-Iran, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Baghlan, Helmand, Herat, Kabul, Kandahar, Kunar / Nuristan, Laghman, Nangarhar, Paktia / Khost, Samangan); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, C-Syrian Desert, Jazira, NW-Syria, Jbel Druze); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, N-Negev Desert, Judean Desert); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, N-Sinai); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Saudi Arabia (Dahana, Hejaz, Asir); Qatar; Yemen (W-Yemen); China [I] (Anhui [I], Fujian [I], Gansu [I], Guangdong [I], Guangxi [I], Guizhou [I], Hainan [I], Hubei [I], Hunan [I], Jiangsu [I], Jiangxi [I], Shaanxi [I], Sichuan [I], Yunnan [I], Zhejiang); South Korea [I]; Japan [I]; Taiwan [I]; Pakistan (Sind, Baluchistan, Pakistani Punjab, Chitral); India (Bihar, Delhi, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, West Bengal); Bangladesh [I]; Vietnam [I]; Philippines [I]; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], Northern Territory [I], South Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); Lord Howe Isl. [I]; Norfolk Isl. [I]; New Zealand [I]; Chatham Isl. [I]; New Caledonia [I]; Guam [I]; Hawaii [I] (Midway Isl. [I], Kauai [I], Oahu [I], Molokai [I], Lanai [I], Maui [I], Hawaii Isl. [I]); Alaska [I]; Canada [I] (British Columbia [I], New Brunswick [I], Ontario [I], Québec [I], Saskatchewan [I]); USA [I] (Alabama [I], Arkansas [I], Arizona [I], California [I], Connecticut [I], Florida [I], Georgia [I], Idaho [I], Louisiana [I], Massachusetts [I], Maine [I], Michigan [I], Missouri [I], Mississippi [I], Montana [I], North Carolina [I], New Jersey [I], New Mexico [I], Nevada [I], New York [I], Ohio [I], Oklahoma [I], Oregon [I], Pennsylvania [I], Rhode Island [I], South Carolina [I], Tennessee [I], Texas [I], Utah [I], Virginia [I], Vermont [I], Washington State [I], Wyoming [I]); Mexico [I]; Isla Guadalupe [I]; Honduras [I]; Costa Rica [I]; Dominican Republic [I]; Colombia [I]; Venezuela [I]; Ecuador [I]; Peru [I]; Bolivia [I]; Paraguay [I]; Uruguay [I]; Argentina [I]; Chile [I] (Arica y Parinacota [I], Antofagasta [I], Atacama [I], Coquimbo [I], Valparaíso [I], Metropolitana de Santiago [I], O´Higgins [I], Maule [I], Ñuble [I], Biobío [I], Araucanía [I], Los Rios [I]); Desventuradas Isl. [I]; Juan Fdz. Isl. [I]
10 GRB 11 AUT BGM ger hun lux net swi 12 ADO BAL CIS COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MLT MNT NMA PEL PTL ROM SIC SMA SRB 14 BLR est KRY RUS 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 21 AZO CNY CVI MDR 24 DJI eth SOC 25 ken tan 26 ang 27 nam saf 28 sth 29 mau reu 32 KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SIN SYR TUR 35 QAT SAU YEM 36 chi 38 jap kor tai 40 ban IND PAK 41 vie 42 phi 50 aus lhi nfk 51 ctm nzl 60 nwc 62 gum 63 haw 70 ask 71 cdn 72 cdn 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa 79 glp mex 80 cos hon 81 his 82 clm ven 83 bol ecu per 85 arg cle dsv jnf par uru
Synonyms: hidden
= Medica apiculata (Willd.) Greene; Man. Bot. San Franc. Bay 102 (1894)
= Medica bimuricata Moench; Methodus 117 (1794)
= Medica denticulata (Willd.) Greene; Fl. Francisc. 102 (1894)
= Medica pentacycla (DC.) Bubani; Fl. Pyren. 2: 475 (1900)
= Medica polymorpha (L.) Scop.; Fl. Carn. ed. II. 2: 89 (1772)
= Medica reticulata (Benth.) Bubani; Fl. Pyren. 2: 480 (1900)
= Medicago aculeata Gaertn.; Fruct. Sem. Pl. 2: 349 (1791)
= Medicago apiculata var. confinis W.D.J.Koch; Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv. 1: 164 (1836)
= Medicago apiculata var. legionensis Gand.; Cat. Pl. Espagne: 87 (1917)
= Medicago apiculata Willd.; Sp. Pl. 3: 1414 (1802)
= Medicago berteroana Moris; Ann. Storia Nat. 4: 59 (1830)
= Medicago bimuricata (Moench) Retz. ex Steud.; Nom. ed. I. 513 (1821)
= Medicago canescens Graham; Wall., Numer. List no. 5946 (1831), nomen
= Medicago caspia Gruner ex Boiss.; Fl. Orient., Suppl.: 167 (1888)
= Medicago caspica Jacq. ex Spreng.; Nov. Prov. Hort. Berol.: 27 (1818)
= Medicago catalonica Urb.; Ind. Sem. Hort. Berol. (1872) 4
= Medicago ciliaris Savi; Due Cent. Fl. Etrusc.: 148 (1804), non (L.) Allioni 1785
= Medicago confinis (W.D.J.Koch) J.M.Black; Fl. S. Austral.: 2 (1924)
= Medicago conica Schkuhr; Handb. 2: 420 (1796)
= Medicago cyrenaea Maire & Weiller; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 30: 273 (1939 publ. 1940)
= Medicago denticulata Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 2: 102 (1872), nom. illeg.
= Medicago denticulata subsp. lappacea (Desr.) Ball; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 16: 415 (1878)
= Medicago denticulata subsp. lappacea (W.D.J.Koch) Ces.; 34 (1848)
= Medicago denticulata subsp. polymorpha (L.) Pit. & Proust; Iles Canaries [Pit. & Proust]: 158 (1909)
= Medicago denticulata var. apiculata (Willd.) Bab.; 72 (1843)
= Medicago denticulata var. apiculata (Willd.) Moris; Fl. Caprar.: 35 (1839)
= Medicago denticulata var. brevispina Benth.; Cat. Pl. Pyr. Bas-Languedoc: 103 (1826)
= Medicago denticulata var. caspica (Jacq. ex Spreng.) Grossh.; Kom., Fl. URSS 11: 171 (1941)
= Medicago denticulata var. ciliaris DC.; Lam. & A. DC., Fl. Franç., éd. 3 6: 569 (1815)
= Medicago denticulata var. ciliaris Savi ex Ser.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 2: 176 (1825)
= Medicago denticulata var. confinis (W.D.J.Koch) Batt.; Batt. & Trab., Fl. Algérie, Dicot.: 232 (1888)
= Medicago denticulata var. confinis (W.D.J.Koch) F.W.Schultz; 111 (1845)
= Medicago denticulata var. lappacea (Desr.) Benth.; Cat. Pl. Pyr. Bas-Languedoc: 103 (1826)
= Medicago denticulata var. lappacea (Desr.) W.D.J.Koch; Röhl., Deutschl. Fl., ed. 3, 5: 339 (1839), isonym
= Medicago denticulata var. macracantha Webb & Berthel.; Hist. Nat. Iles Canaries 3(2): 64 (1842)
= Medicago denticulata var. macrocarpa (Urb.) Moris & De Not.; Fl. Caprar.: 35 (1839)
= Medicago denticulata var. oligocarpa Rouy; Fl. France [Rouy & Foucaud] 5: 36 (1899)
= Medicago denticulata var. pentacycla (DC.) Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 2: 102 (1872)
= Medicago denticulata var. reticulata (Benth.) Batt.; Fl. Algerie [Batt. & Trab.] Dicot.: 232 (1889)
= Medicago denticulata var. tuberculata (Godr.) Moris; Fl. Sard. 1: 164 (1837)
= Medicago denticulata Willd.; Sp. Pl. 3: 1414 (1802)
= Medicago distans Poir.; Encyc. Suppl. 3: 326 (1814)
= Medicago echinata Boucher; Extr. Fl. Abbeville: 56 (1803), nom. illeg.
= Medicago flexuosa Ten.; Prod. Fl. Nap. p. 45 (1812)
= Medicago gracillima Tineo ex Tod.; Index Seminum (PAL, Panormitani) 1868: 36 (1869)
= Medicago gracillima Tineo ex Urb.; Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb. 15: 74 (1873)
= Medicago hamata C.Presl; Delic. Prag.: 45 (1822)
= Medicago heterocarpa Urb.; Ind. Sem. Hort. Berol. (1872) 3, nomen
= Medicago hirsuta Schkuhr; Bot. Handb. 2: 420 (1796), nom. illeg.
= Medicago hispida f. aculeata Urb.; App. Observ. Bot. Berol.: 4 (1872)
= Medicago hispida f. apiculata (Willd.) Urb.; Index Seminum (B) 1873(Suppl. 3): 2 (1873)
= Medicago hispida f. breviaculeata Urb.; Index Seminum (B) 1873(Suppl. 3): 2 (1873)
= Medicago hispida f. denticulata (Willd.) Urb.; Index Seminum (B) 1873(Suppl. 3): 2 (1873)
= Medicago hispida f. inermis Urb.; Index Seminum (B) 1873(Suppl. 3): 2 (1873)
= Medicago hispida f. lappacea (W.D.J.Koch) J.J.H.Schmidt; 183 (1897)
= Medicago hispida f. longeaculeata Urb.; Index Seminum (B) 1873(Suppl. 3): 2 (1873)
= Medicago hispida f. longispina (Urb.) Urb.; Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb. 15: 75 (1873)
= Medicago hispida f. maculifolia Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 31: 17 (1940)
= Medicago hispida f. microdon (Ehrenb.) Urb.; Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb. 15: 75 (1873)
= Medicago hispida f. sardoa (Moris ex G.Don) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 6(2): 43 (1907)
= Medicago hispida f. serratifolia Blakelock; Kew Bull. 3: 416 (1949)
= Medicago hispida f. tuberculata (Godr.) Urb.; App. Observ. Bot. Berol.: 3 (1872)
= Medicago hispida Gaertn.; Fruct. Sem. Pl. 2: 349 (1791) (nom. illeg.)
= Medicago hispida proles lappacea (Menezes) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 6(2): 432 (1907)
= Medicago hispida proles pentacycla (DC.) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 38 (1899)
= Medicago hispida proles polygyra (Urb.) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 37 (1899)
= Medicago hispida proles terebellum (Willd.) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 6(2): 432 (1907)
= Medicago hispida subsp. apiculata (Willd.) Corb.; Nouv. Fl. Normandie: 151 (1894)
= Medicago hispida subsp. denticulata (Willd.) Piper & Beattie; Fl. N.W. Coast: 222 (1915)
= Medicago hispida subsp. lappacea (Desr.) Bonnier & Layens; Tabl. Syn. Pl. Vasc. France: 75 (1894)
= Medicago hispida subsp. lappacea (Desr.) Menezes; Fl. Arch. Madeira: 44 (1914)
= Medicago hispida subsp. macrocarpa Urb.; App. Observ. Bot. Berol.: 4 (1872)
= Medicago hispida subsp. microcarpa Urb.; App. Observ. Bot. Berol.: 3 (1872)
= Medicago hispida subsp. oligocarpa (Urb.) Corb.; Nouv. Fl. Normandie: 150 (1893)
= Medicago hispida subsp. oligogyra (Urb.) Arcang.; 164 (1882)
= Medicago hispida subsp. pentacycla (DC.) Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital.: 164 (1882)
= Medicago hispida subsp. pentacycla (DC.) Urb.; Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 15: 75 (1873)
= Medicago hispida subsp. polycarpa (Willd. ex Steud.) Bonnier & Layens; Tabl. Syn. Pl. Vasc. France: 75 (1894)
= Medicago hispida subsp. polygyra (Urb.) Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital.: 164 (1882)
= Medicago hispida subsp. polymorpha (L.) Menezes; Fl. Arch. Madeira: 44 (1914)
= Medicago hispida subsp. polymorpha (L.) Rouy; Fl. Franç. 5: 36 (1899), nom. superfl.
= Medicago hispida subsp. tricycla (Godr.) Arcang.; 164 (1882)
= Medicago hispida subvar. brevispina Nègre; Luzernes du Maroc: 69 (1956)
= Medicago hispida subvar. pentacycla (DC.) Pérez Lara; Anales Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 21: 249 (1892)
= Medicago hispida var. aculeata (Urb.) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 37 (1899)
= Medicago hispida var. apiculata (Willd.) Arcang.; 164 (1882)
= Medicago hispida var. apiculata (Willd.) Burnat; Fl. Alpes Marit. 2: 106 (1896)
= Medicago hispida var. apiculata (Willd.) Rouy; Fl. Franç. 5: 36 (1899)
= Medicago hispida var. brachyacantha Lowe; Man. Fl. Madeira 1: 159 (1862)
= Medicago hispida var. breviaculeata (Urb.) Arcang.; 164 (1882)
= Medicago hispida var. confinis (W.D.J.Koch) Burnat; Fl. Alpes Marit.: 106 (1896)
= Medicago hispida var. denticulata (Willd.) Godr.; Fl. Lorr. 1: 393 (1849)
= Medicago hispida var. denticulata (Willd.) Jess.; 342 (1879)
= Medicago hispida var. denticulata (Willd.) Urb.; Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 15: 75 (1873)
= Medicago hispida var. gracillima (Tineo ex Tod.) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 37 (1899)
= Medicago hispida var. inermis (Urb.) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 37 (1899)
= Medicago hispida var. lappacea (Desr.) Burnat; Fl. Alpes Marit.: 107 (1896)
= Medicago hispida var. lappacea (W.D.J.Koch) Vollm.; 467 (1914)
= Medicago hispida var. longiaculeata (Urb.) Arcang.; 165 (1882)
= Medicago hispida var. longispina (Urb.) Arcang.; 164 (1882)
= Medicago hispida var. longispina Urb.; Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 15: 75 (1873)
= Medicago hispida var. macracantha (Webb & Berthel.) Briq.; Prodr. Fl. Corse 1: 271 (1913)
= Medicago hispida var. macrocarpa Urb.; Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 15: 74 (1873)
= Medicago hispida var. microdon (Batt.) Nègre; Luzern. Maroc: 69 (1956)
= Medicago hispida var. microdon (Ehrenb.) Arcang.; 164 (1882)
= Medicago hispida var. nigra (Krock.) Menezes; Fl. Arch. Madeira: 44 (1914)
= Medicago hispida var. nigra (L.) Burnat; Fl. Alp. Marit. 2: 108 (1896)
= Medicago hispida var. oligocarpa (Corb.) Rouy; Fl. Franç. 5: 36 (1899)
= Medicago hispida var. oligogyra Urb.; App. Observ. Bot. Berol.: 3 (1872)
= Medicago hispida var. pentacycla (DC.) Godr.; Gren. & Godr., Fl. France Corse 1: 393 (1849)
= Medicago hispida var. pentacycla (DC.) Urb.; Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb. 15: 75 (1873)
= Medicago hispida var. pentagyra Urb.; App. Observ. Bot. Berol.: 4 (1873)
= Medicago hispida var. polygyra (Urb.) P.Fourn.; Quatre Fl. France: 546 (1936)
= Medicago hispida var. polygyra Urb.; App. Observ. Bot. Berol.: 3 (1873)
= Medicago hispida var. reticulata (Benth.) Urb.; Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 15: 75 (1873)
= Medicago hispida var. reynieri (Albert) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 37 (1899)
= Medicago hispida var. terebellum Jess.; 342 (1879)
= Medicago hispida var. trigyra Urb.; App. Observ. Bot. Berol.: 4 (1873)
= Medicago hispida var. tuberculata (Godr.) Arcang.; 164 (1882)
= Medicago hispida var. tuberculata (Urb.) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 26 (1899)
= Medicago hystrix Ten.; Prod. Fl. Nap. 45 (1812)
= Medicago intermedia DC. ex G.Don; Gen. Hist. 2: 169 (1832), nom. illeg.
= Medicago lappacea Desr.; Encycl. [Lam.] 3: 637 (1792), nom. illeg.
= Medicago lappacea subsp. denticulata (Willd.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 169 (1878)
= Medicago lappacea var. apiculata (Willd.) Arcang.; 489 (1894)
= Medicago lappacea var. brachyacantha Lowe; Man Fl. Mad.: 158 (1868)
= Medicago lappacea var. denticulata (Willd.) Arcang.; 489 (1894)
= Medicago lappacea var. denticulata (Willd.) Urb.; Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 15: 74 (1873)
= Medicago lappacea var. longispina Urb.; Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 15: 75 (1873)
= Medicago lappacea var. macracantha (Webb & Berthel.) Lowe; Man. Fl. Madeira 1: 158 (1862)
= Medicago lappacea var. microcarpa Urb.; Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 15: 74 (1873)
= Medicago lappacea var. microdon Batt.; Fl. Algérie [Batt. & Trab.] Dicot.: 231 (1889)
= Medicago lappacea var. paucigyrosa Guss.; Fl. Sic. Syn. 2: 366 (1844)
= Medicago lappacea var. pentacycla (DC.) Gren. & Godr.; Fl. France [Gren. & Godr.] 1: 390 (1849)
= Medicago lappacea var. reticulata (Benth.) Arcang.; 489 (1894)
= Medicago lappacea var. tuberculata (Godr.) Arcang.; 489 (1894)
= Medicago loretii Albert; Bull. Herb. Boissier 1, app. 1: 13 (1893)
= Medicago microcarpa Urb.; Index Seminum (B) 1872(App.): 3 (1875)
= Medicago microdon Ehrenb.; Cat. Sem. Hort. Berol. (1827)
= Medicago mitis Willd. ex Urb.; Index Seminum (B) 1872(App.): 4 (1872)
= Medicago neurocarpos Kunze ex Urb.; Index Seminum (B) 1872(App.): 3 (1872), nomen
= Medicago nigra (L.) Krock.; Fl. Siles. 2(2): 244 (1790)
= Medicago nigra subsp. microcarpa (Urb.) O.Bolòs & Vigo; But. Inst. Catalana Hist. Nat., 38 Bot. 1: 69 (1974)
= Medicago nigra var. apiculata (Willd.) O.Bolòs & Vigo; But. Inst. Catalana Hiat. Nat., 38 Bot. 1: 70 (1974)
= Medicago nigra var. denticulata (Willd.) O.Bolòs & Vigo; But. Inst. Catalana Hist. Nat., 38 Bot. 1: 70 (1974)
= Medicago nigra var. pentacycla (DC.) O.Bolòs & Vigo; But. Inst. Catalana Hist. Nat., 38 Bot. 1: 70 (1974)
= Medicago nigra var. polygyra (Urb.) O.Bolòs & Vigo; But. Inst. Catalana Hist. Nat., 38 Bot. 1: 70 (1974)
= Medicago obscura var. microdon (Ehrenb.) Vis.; Fl. Dalmat. 3: 283 (1852)
= Medicago obscura Vis.; Fl. Dalm. 3: 283 (1851)
= Medicago oligocarpa Corb.; Nouv. Fl. Normandie: 150 (1893)
= Medicago pentacycla DC.; Cat. Pl. Hort. Monsp.: 124 (1813)
= Medicago pentacycla var. brevispina Benth.; Cat. Pl. Pyr. Bas-Languedoc: 104 (1826)
= Medicago pentacycla var. longeaculeata (Urb.) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 38 (1899)
= Medicago pentacycla var. longiseta Benth.; Cat. Pl. Pyr. Bas-Languedoc: 104 (1826)
= Medicago persica Steven ex Fisch.; Cat. Hort. Gorenk. ed II. 69 (1812)
= Medicago polyantha Dulac; Fl. Hautes-Pyr. 278 (1867)
= Medicago polycarpa Godr.; Gren. & Godr., Fl. France 1: 389 (1849)
= Medicago polycarpa Schur; Verh. Naturf. Vereins Brünn 15(2): 175 (1877), nom. illeg.
= Medicago polycarpa subsp. polymorpha (L.) Cadevall & Sallent; Fl. Catalunya 2: 85 (1913)
= Medicago polycarpa subsp. reticulata (Benth.) Coste; Fl. Descr. France 3: 719 (1906)
= Medicago polycarpa var. apiculata (Willd.) Godr.; Fl. Franç. 1: 390 (1849), nom. illeg.
= Medicago polycarpa var. denticulata (Willd.) Godr.; Fl. Franç. 1: 390 (1849), nom. illeg.
= Medicago polycarpa var. tuberculata Godr.; Gren. & Godr., Fl. France Corse 1: 390 (1848)
= Medicago polycarpa Willd.; Enum. Pl. [Willd.] suppl.: 52 (1814), nom. inval.
= Medicago polycarpa Willd. ex Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 2: 110 (1841)
= Medicago polymorpha f. apiculata (Willd.) Shinners; Rhodora 58: 11 (1956)
= Medicago polymorpha f. tuberculata (Urb.) Shinners; Rhodora 58: 11 (1956), nom. illeg.
= Medicago polymorpha subsp. hispida (Gaertn.) Ponert; Feddes Repert. 83: 639 (1973)
= Medicago polymorpha subsp. lappacea (Desr.) Bonafè; Fl. Mallorca 3: 39 (1979) (comb. inval.)
= Medicago polymorpha subsp. microcarpa (Urb.) O.Bolòs, Vigo, Masalles & Ninot; Fl. Man. Països Catalans: 1214 (1990)
= Medicago polymorpha subsp. polycarpa (Willd. ex Steud.) Romero Zarco; Lagascalia 14: 146 (1986)
= Medicago polymorpha subsp. reticulata (Benth.) Coste; Fl. Descr. France 3: 719 (1906)
= Medicago polymorpha subsp. reticulata (Benth.) Solanas & M.B.Crespo; Sarria 1: 35 (1998-99 publ. 1999)
= Medicago polymorpha var. brevispina (Benth.) Heyn; Scrip. Hierosolym. 12: 71 (1963)
= Medicago polymorpha var. ciliaris (DC.) Shinners; Rhodora 58: 9 (1956), nom. illeg.
= Medicago polymorpha var. confinis (W.D.J.Koch) Diklic; Fl. SR Srbije 10: 115 (1986)
= Medicago polymorpha var. denticulata (Willd.) Kerguélen; Index Synonym. Fl. France (Coll. Patrim. Nat., 8): xiv (1993)
= Medicago polymorpha var. nigra L.; Mant. PI.: 454 (1771)
= Medicago polymorpha var. polygyra (Urb.) Shinners; Rhodora 58: 9 (1956)
= Medicago polymorpha var. vulgaris (Benth.) Heyn; Scrip. Hierosolym. 12: 75 (1963)
= Medicago polymorphe var. apiculata (Willd.) Ooststr. & Reichg.; Acta Bot. Neerl. 7: 115 (1958)
= Medicago reticulata Benth.; Cat. Pl. Pyrenees: 101 (1826)
= Medicago reynieri Albert; Bull. Herb. Boissier 1: (1893), Append. 1: 14
= Medicago sardoa Moris ex G.Don; Gen. Hist. 2: 170 (1832)
= Medicago serratifolia (Blakelock) Rawi; Dep. Agr. Iraq Tech. Bull. 14: 3 (1965)
= Medicago stricta Wallr. ex Urb.; Ind. Sem. Hort. Berol. (1872) 3
= Medicago terebella St.-Lag.; Ann. Soc. Bot. Lyon 7: 130 (1880)
= Medicago terebellum Willd.; Sp. Pl. 3: 1416 (1802) (nom. illeg.)
= Medicago tuberculata (Godr.) Urb.; Ind. Sein. Hort. Berol.: 4 (1872), non (Retzius) Willd. 1802
= Medicago turbinata subvar. aculeata (Gaertn.) Nègre; Luzernes du Maroc: 58 (1956), nom. illeg.
= Medicago turbinata var. aculeata (Gaertn.) Asch.; Index Seminum (B) 1871(App.): 1 (1872), nom. illeg.
= Medicago uncinata Urb.; Ind. Sem. Hort. Berol. (1872) 4, non Willd.
species :
Medicago praecox DC.; Cat. Pl. Hort. Monsp.: 123 (1813)
Name: Früher Schneckenklee (DE); Early Medick (EN)
Distribution: Germany [I]; NE-Spain; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Bulgaria; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Crimea; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (SSW-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, S-Cyprus); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); China [I] (Anhui [I], Fujian [I], Guangxi [I], Guizhou [I], Hainan [I], Hubei [I], Hunan [I], Jiangsu [I], Sichuan [I]); Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I], New South Wales [I]); USA [I] (California [I], Massachusetts [I], Oregon [I])
11 ger 12 BAL COR FRA SAR SPA 13 BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MNT NMA SRB 14 KRY 34 CYP EAI LEB TUR 36 chi 50 aus 73 usa 75 usa 76 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Medica praecox (DC.) Bubani; Fl. Pyr. 2: 477 (1900)
= Medicago pontificalis Gennari; Nuovo Giorn- Bot. Ital. 2: 132 (1870)
= Medicago praecox f. coerulea-venosa Urb.; Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb. 15: 75 (1873)
= Medicago praecox var. caeruleovenosa (Urb.) Arcang.; 165 (1882)
= Medicago praecox var. pontificalis (Gennari) Arcang.; 490 (1894)
species :
Medicago prostrata Jacq.; Hort. Bot. Vindob. 1: 39 (1770)
Name: Niederliegende Luzerne (DE)
Distribution: E-Austria; Germany [I]; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Estonia [I]
11 AUT CZE ger HUN SLO 13 ALB BIH CRO ITA KOS MNT NMA ROM SLV SRB 14 est
Synonyms: hidden
= Medicago declinata Kit.; Linnaea 32: 613 (1863)
= Medicago prostrata f. declinata (Kit.) Rohlena; Consp. Fl. Montenegr.: 178 (1842)
= Medicago prostrata f. declinata (Kit.) Urb.; 55 (1873)
= Medicago prostrata f. glabra Urb.; Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 15: 55 (1873)
= Medicago prostrata f. glandulifera Urb.; Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 15: 56 (1873)
= Medicago prostrata f. glandulosa Micevski; God. Zborn. Biol. 25: 141 (1973)
= Medicago prostrata f. pilosa Micevski; God. Zborn. Biol. 25: 143 (1973)
= Medicago prostrata subsp. pseudorupestris (Hayek) Micevski; God. Zborn. Prir.-Mat. Fak. Univ. Kiril & Metodij Skopje, Biol. 25: 140 (1973)
= Medicago prostrata subsp. vukovicii Micevski; God. Zborn. Prir.-Mat. Fak. Univ. Kiril & Metodij Skopje, Biol. 25: 142 (1973)
= Medicago prostrata var. declinata (Kit.) Arcang.; 160 (1882)
= Medicago prostrata var. erecta Borbás; Balaton Tavának Növényföldr.: 422 (1900)
= Medicago prostrata var. glabra (Urb.) Arcang.; 160 (1882)
= Medicago prostrata var. glabra Micevski; Fl. Republ. Makedonija 1(5): 1417 (2001)
= Medicago prostrata var. glandulifera (Urb.) Arcang.; 160 (1882)
= Medicago prostrata var. matkae Micevski; God. Zborn. Biol. 25: 144 (1973)
= Medicago prostrata var. pseudorupestris (Hayek) Hayek; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 70: 12 (1921)
= Medicago prostrata var. pubescens Guss.; Pl. Rar.: 313 (1826)
= Medicago prostrata var. topolkae Micevski; God. Zborn. Biol. 25: 144 (1973)
= Medicago pseudorupestris Hayek; Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.-Naturw. Kl., Denks. 94: 172 (1917)
= Medicago tenuifolia C.Presl; Fl. Sicul. 1: p. 20 (1826)
species :
Medicago radiata L.; Sp. Pl. 778 (1753)
Name: Mond-Schneckenklee (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Spain [I]; France [I]; Italy [I]; +Algeria; Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Tajikistan; Armenia; Azerbaijan (Nachichevan); Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Iraq (NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia, W-Iraq: Desert); Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., Iranian Aserbaijan, S-Iran, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Farah, Faryab, Kandahar); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, Jazira, NW-Syria, Jbel Druze); Israel (Negev Desert, N-Israel, Judean Desert); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania)
11 ger 12 fra spa 13 ita 20 ALG 32 KAZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE 34 AFG IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Radiata
Synonyms: hidden
= Hymenocarpos radiatus (L.) Cav.; Elench. Pl. Hort. Matrit. 18 (1803)
= Hymenocarpos radiatus (L.) Link; Enum. Hort. Berol. 2: 267 (1822)
= Medica radiata (L.) Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. VIII. n. 3 (1768)
= Medicago lunata Rchb.; Fl. Germ. Excurs.: 501 (1832)
= Medicago radiata f. dasycarpa (Ser.in DC.) Urb.; Verh. Bot. Ver. Prov. Brandenb. 15: 51 (1873)
= Medicago radiata f. dasycarpa (Ser.) Urb.; Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 15: 51 (1873)
= Medicago radiata subsp. dasycarpa (Ser.) Arcang.; 159 (1882)
= Medicago radiata var. dasycarpa Ser.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 2: 172 (1825)
= Melissitus dasycarpus (Ser.) Latsch.; Trudy Tiflissk. Bot. Inst. 19: 7 (1958), in obs., sine relat. loc.
= Melissitus radiatus (L.) Latsch.; Trudy Tiflissk. Bot. Inst. 19: 16 (1958)
= Nephromedia dasycarpa (Ser.) Czerep.; Sosud. Rast. SSSR: 238 (1981)
= Nephromedia radiata (L.) Kostel.; Ind. Hort Prag. 92 (1844)
= Pocockia radiata (L.) Trautv.; Bull. Sci. Acad. Petersb. 8: 271 (1841)
= Pseudomelissitus dasycarpus (Ser.) Ovcz., Rassulova & Kinzik.; Fl. Tadzhikistana 5: 329 (1978)
= Pseudomelissitus radiatus (L.) Ovcz., Rassulova & Kinzik.; Fl. Tadzhikistana 5: 328 (1978)
= Radiata dasycarpa (Ser.) Ovcz., Rasulova & Kinzik.; Fl. Tadzhikistana, ed. 2, 6: 688 (1981)
= Radiata dasycarpa (Ser.) Soják; Sborn. Nár. Muz. Praze, 1982(1-2): 103 (1982)
= Radiata glabra Ovcz., Rasulova & Kinzik.; Fl. Tadzhikistana, ed. 2, 6: 688 (1981)
= Radiata leiocarpa Soják; Sborn. Nár. Muz. Praze, 1982(1-2): 103 (1982) (nom. nov.)
= Telis radiata (L.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 209 (1891)
= Trigonella dasycarpa (Ser.) Vassilcz.; Acta Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS, Ser. 1, Fasc. 10, 180 (1953)
= Trigonella radiata (L.) Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 2: 90 (1872)
= Trigonella radiata var. incisa Eig; Bull. Inst. Agric. Nat. Hist. Tel-Aviv 6: 10 (1927)
species :
Medicago retrorsa (Boiss.) E.Small; Willdenowia 16(2): 434 (1987)
Distribution: Afghanistan
34 AFG
Synonyms: hidden
= Trigonella retrorsa Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 2: 78 (1872)
= Telis retrorsa (Boiss.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 209 (1891)
species :
Medicago rhodopea Velen.; Sitzungsber. Königl. Bölini. Ges. Wiss. Prag, Math.-Naturwiss. Cl. 1893(37): 21 (1894)
Distribution: Bulgaria
13 BUL
Synonyms: hidden
= Medicago rupestris var. rhodopea (Velen.) Stoj. & Stef.; Fl. Bulg. 12: 631 (1924)
species :
Medicago rhytidiocarpa (Boiss.) E.Small; Willdenowia 16:434 (1987)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Telis rhytidiocarpa (Boiss. & Balansa) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 209 (1891)
= Trigonella rhytidiocarpa Boiss. & Balansa; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 2, 6: 44 (1859)
= Trigonella rhytidocarpa f. glabra Sirj.; Spisy Prír. Fak. Masarykovy Univ. 136: 33 (1931)
species :
Medicago rigida (Boiss. & Balansa) E.Small; Willdenowia 16: 434 (1987)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Trigonella rigida Boiss. & Balansa; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 2, 5: 79 (1856)
= Telis rigida (Boiss. & Balansa) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 209 (1891)
species :
Medicago rigidula (L.) All.; Fl. Pedem. 1: 316 (1785)
Name: Steifer Schneckenklee, Samt-Schneckenklee (DE); Field Medick (EN)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Slovakia; Hungary [I]; Portugal; Spain; Andorra; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Malta; San Marino; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; E-European Russia; Ukraine; Crimea; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt (Nile Delta); Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia, W-Iraq: Desert); Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, S-Iran, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Herat, Qunduz, Takhar); Cyprus (C-Mountains); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, C-Syrian Desert, Jazira, NW-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (Rift Valley, N-Israel, Judean Desert, coastal W-Israel); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); USA [I] (Massachusetts [I])
11 ger hun SLO 12 ADO BAL COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MLT MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SMA SRB TUE 14 KRY RUS UKR 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR 75 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Medica rigidula (L.) Moench; 117 (1794)
= Medica villosa (DC.) Bubani; Fl. Pyren. 2: 478 (1900)
= Medicago agrestis Ten.; Fl. Napol. 1: 71 (1811-1815)
= Medicago banofcensis Kit.; Linnaea 32: 615 (1863)
= Medicago bondevii Kozuharov; Izv. Bot. Inst. (Sofija) 15: 157 (1965)
= Medicago cinerascens Jord.; F. W. Schultz, Arch. Fl. France Allemagne: 316 (1854)
= Medicago cinerascens var. longiseta Lamotte; Prodr. Fl. Fr. Plateau Central: 192 (1877)
= Medicago depressa Jord.; Cat. Graines Jard. Dijon 1848: 28 (1848)
= Medicago gaditana Pérez Lara ex Willk.; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 41(3): 85 (1891)
= Medicago gerardi subsp. agrestis (Ten.) Bonnier & Layens; Fl. Franç.: 75 (1894)
= Medicago gerardi var. cylindrica W.D.J.Koch; 163 (1836)
= Medicago gerardi var. minor Ser.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 2: 179 (1825)
= Medicago gerardi var. minor W.D.J.Koch; 330 (1839), nom. illeg.
= Medicago gerardi var. submitis Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 2: 101 (1872)
= Medicago gerardi Waldst. & Kit. ex Willd.; Sp. Pl. ed. 4. 3: 1415 (1802)
= Medicago gerardi Willd.; Sp. Pl. 3: 1415 (1802)
= Medicago germana Jord.; F. W. Schultz, Arch. Fl. France Allemagne: 316 (1854)
= Medicago hirsuta Thuill.; Fl. Env. Paris, ed. 2: 390 (1799), nom. illeg.
= Medicago mitis Delile ex Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 168 (1878)
= Medicago morisiana Jord.; Mém. Acad. Roy. Sci. Lyon, Sect. Sci. ser. 2, 1: 264 (1851)
= Medicago muricata (L.) Allioni; Fl. Pedem. 1: 316 (1785)
= Medicago muricata (L.) Desr.; Lam., Encycl. 3: 634 (1792), nom. illeg.
= Medicago obscura var. muricata (L.) Rouy; Fl. Franç. 5: 24 (1899)
= Medicago polymorpha var. muricata L.; Sp. Pl. 2: 781 (1753)
= Medicago polymorpha var. rigidula L.; Sp. Pl.: 780 (1753)
= Medicago pseudogerardi Schur; Verh. Naturf. Ver. Brünn 15(2): 174 (1877)
= Medicago rigidula f. cinerascens (Jord.) Kozuharov; Bulg. Acad. Sci. 15: 156 (1965)
= Medicago rigidula f. discoidea Kozuharov; Bulg. Acad. Sci. 15: 156 (1965)
= Medicago rigidula f. elegans Kozuharov; Bulg. Acad. Sci. 15: 155 (1965)
= Medicago rigidula f. pastoralis Kozuharov; Bulg. Acad. Sci. 15: 155 (1965)
= Medicago rigidula f. submitis (Boiss.) Kozuharov; Bulg. Acad. Sci. 15: 156 (1965)
= Medicago rigidula f. subnodulosa Kozuharov; Bulg. Acad. Sci. 15: 155 (1965)
= Medicago rigidula f. viscidula Kozuharov; Fl. Nar. Republ. Bulgariya 6: 557 (1976)
= Medicago rigidula f. viscosa Kozuharov; Izv. Bot. Inst. (Sofia) 15: 155 (1965)
= Medicago rigidula subsp. agrestis (Ten.) Ponert; Feddes Repert. 83: 640 (1973)
= Medicago rigidula subsp. cinerascens (Jord.) Ponert; Feddes Repert. 83: 639 (1973)
= Medicago rigidula subsp. zoharyi Ponert; Feddes Repert. 83: 640 (1972 publ. 1973)
= Medicago rigidula var. agrestis (Ten.) Arcang.; 488 (1894)
= Medicago rigidula var. agrestis (Ten.) Burnat; Fl. Alpes Marit. 2: 102 (1892)
= Medicago rigidula var. brevispina Rouy; Fl. Franç. 5: 26 (1899)
= Medicago rigidula var. cinerascens (Jord.) Rouy; Fl. Franç. 5: 26 (1899)
= Medicago rigidula var. compacta Kozuharov; Bulg. Acad. Sci. 15: 155 (1965)
= Medicago rigidula var. gerardi (Waldst. & Kit. ex Willd.) Burnat; Fl. Alp. Marit. 2: 101 (1896)
= Medicago rigidula var. germana (Jord.) Rouy; Fl. France [Rouy & Foucaud] 5: 25 (1899)
= Medicago rigidula var. glandulosa (Podp.) Kozuharov; Fl. Nar. Republ. Bulgariya 6: 301 (1976)
= Medicago rigidula var. lamottei Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 26 (1899), nom. superfl.
= Medicago rigidula var. minor (Ser.) Bonte; 204 (1930)
= Medicago rigidula var. minor (Ser.) Morariu; Fl. Republ. Popul. Romane 5: 133 (1957)
= Medicago rigidula var. morisiana (Jord.) Rouy; Fl. Franç. 5: 25 (1899)
= Medicago rigidula var. submitis (Boiss.) Ponert; Feddes Repert. 83: 640 (1972 publ. 1973)
= Medicago rigidula var. suffrutescens Willk. ex Pérez Lara; Anal. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 21: 246 (1892)
= Medicago rigidula var. timeroyi (Jord.) Boreau; Fl. Centre France, éd. 3 2: 149 (1857)
= Medicago rigidula var. turbiniformis Kozuharov; Bulg. Acad. Sci. 15: 156 (1965)
= Medicago timeroyi Jord.; Cat. Graines Jard. Dijon 1848: 29 (1848)
= Medicago tomentosa Chevall.; Fl. Gen. Env. Paris 2: 782 (1827)
= Medicago tribuloides var. rigidula (L.) W.D.J.Koch; 162 (1836)
= Medicago tuberculata var. glandulosa Podp.; Verh. K. K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 52: 645 (1902)
= Medicago verlotii Songeon & E.P.Perrier; Billotia 1: 74 (1864)
= Medicago villosa DC.; Fl. Franç. 4: 545 (1805), non Brot. 1804
= Medicago villosa var. mitis Delile; Index Seminum (MPU, Monspeliensis) 1838: 9 (1839)
= Medicago villosula Baumg.; Enum. Stirp. Transsilv. 2: 382 (1816)
species :
Medicago rigiduloides E.Small; Canad. J. Bot., 68(12): 2614 (1990)
Distribution: Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Iraq; Iran
32 KGZ TKM TZK UZB 34 IRN IRQ
species :
Medicago rostrata (Boiss. & Balansa) E.Small; Willdenowia 16. 434 (1987)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Melissitus rostratus (Boiss. & Balansa) Latsch.; Trudy Tiflissk. Bot. Inst. 19: 7 (1958), in obs., sine relat. loc.
= Pocockia rostrata Boiss. & Balansa; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 2, 6: 43 (1859)
= Telis rostrata (Boiss. & Balansa) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 209 (1891)
= Trigonella rostrata (Boiss. & Balansa) Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 2: 89 (1872)
species :
Medicago rotata Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. 2: 24 (1843)
Distribution: Morocco [I]; Turkey (S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq); Cyprus (C-Mountains, N-Cyprus); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, C-Syrian Desert, Jazira, NW-Syria, Jbel Druze); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania)
20 mor 34 CYP IRQ ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR
Remarks: rotata agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Medicago rotata subsp. eliezeri (Eig) Ponert; Feddes Repert. 83: 639 (1973)
= Medicago rotata var. eliezeri Eig; Bull. Inst. Agric. Nat. Hist. Tel-Aviv 6: 20 (1927)
= Medicago rotata var. laciniata Nègre; Trav. Inst. Sci. Chérifien, Sér. Bot. 5: 37 (1956)
= Medicago rotata var. longispina Evenari; H. R. Oppenheimer & M. Evenari, Fl. Cisjord.: 283 (1940)
species :
Medicago rugosa Desr.; Lam., Encycl. 3: 632 (1792)
Name: Rippen-Schneckenklee (DE); Rugose Medick (EN)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Portugal [I]; Spain [I]; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Pantelleria; Malta; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (NW-Syria); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, Judean Desert); Hawaii [I] (Kauai [I], Oahu [I], West Maui [I], Hawaii Isl. [I])
11 ger 12 COR FRA por SAR spa 13 GRC ITA KRI MLT PTL SIC 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN 34 CYP EAI ISR LEB SYR 63 haw
Synonyms: hidden
= Medicago elegans Jacq. ex Willd.; Sp. Pl. 3: 1408 (1802) (nom. illeg.)
= Medicago elegans Pourr.; Willk. & Lange, Prodr Fl. Hispan. 3: 384 (1877)
= Medicago elegans var. incisa Moris; Fl. Sard.,1: 437-438 (1837)
= Medicago orbicularioides Candargy; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 44: 161 (1897)
= Medicago rugosa f. incisa (Moris) Urb.; Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb. 15: 64 (1873)
= Medicago rugosa var. graeca Heldr. ex Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 167 (1878)
= Medicago rugosa var. incisa (Moris) Arcang.; 161 (1882)
species :
Medicago rupestris M.Bieb.; Fl. Taur.-Caucas. 2: 225 (1808)
Distribution: Crimea; Northern Caucasus (Krasnodar)
14 KRY 33 NCS
species :
Medicago ruthenica (L.) Trautv.; Bull. Sci. Acad. Petersb. 8: (1841) 271; Ledeb. Fl. Ross. 1: 523
Distribution: Siberia (Buryatia, Chita, Irkutsk); Russian Far East (Amur, Khabarovsk, Primorye); China (Gansu, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Sichuan); Mongolia; South Korea [I]
30 SIB 31 RFE 36 CHI 37 MON 38 kor
Synonyms: hidden
= Medicago korshinskyi (Grossh.) Kamelin & Gubanov; Byull. Mosk. Obshch. Ispyt. Prir., Biol. 97(5): 63 (1992)
= Medicago liaosiensis (P.Y.Fu & Y.A.Chen) X.Y.Zhu & Y.F.Du; Legumes China 603 (2007)
= Medicago ruthenica (L.) E.H.L.Krause; Sturm, Fl. Deutschland. ed. 2, 9: 129 (1901)
= Medicago ruthenica (L.) Kom. & Klokov; Alis. Key Pl. Far East Reg. U. S. S. R. 2: 662(1932), partim., non Ledeb.
= Medicago ruthenica var. chinensis Sirj.; Spicy Prír. Fak. Masarykovy Univ. 1: 17 (1928)
= Medicago ruthenica var. inschanica (H.C.Fu & Y.Q.Jiang) X.Y.Zhu; Legumes China 607 (2007)
= Medicago ruthenica var. petraea Vassilcz.; Trudy Bot. Inst. Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R., Ser. 1, Fl. Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 14: 170 (1953)
= Medicago vassilczenkoi Vorosch.; Fl. Sovetsk. Dal´n. Vost.: 271 (1966)
= Medicago vassilczevii Vorosch.; Fl. Sovetsk. DaI´n. Vost. 271 (1966)
= Melilotoides korshinskyi (Grossh.) Czerep.; Vasc. Pl. Russia & Adj. States (former USSR): 251 (1995)
= Melilotoides ruthenica (L.) Soják; Sborn. Nár. Muz. Praze, 1982(1-2): 104 (1982)
= Melilotoides ruthenica var. inschanica (H.C.Fu & Y.Q.Jiang) H.C.Fu & Y.Q.Jiang; Fl. Intramongolica, Ser. 2, 3: 196 (1989)
= Melilotoides ruthenica var. liaosiensis (P.Y.Fu & Y.A.Chen) H.C.Fu & Y.Q.Jiang; Fl. Intramongolica, Ser. 2, 3: 195 (1989)
= Melilotoides ruthenica var. oblongifolia (Fr.) H.C.Fu & Y.Q.Jiang; Fl. Intramongolica, Ser. 2, 3: 195 (1989), without basionym ref.
= Melilotoides ruthenica var. tianzhuensis C.L.Xu; Guihaia 36(9): 1023 (2016)
= Melilotoides schischkinii (Vassilcz.) Soják; Sborn. Nár. Muz. Praze, 1982(1-2): 104 (1982)
= Melilotus integerrima Steven ex Trautv.; Bull. Sci. Acad. Petersb. 8: 271 (1841)
= Melilotus laxa Steven ex Trautv.; Bull. Sci. Acad. Petersb. vili. 271 (1841)
= Melilotus micrantha Willd. ex Steven; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 29: (1856) II. 133
= Melissitus korshinskyi (Grossh.) Latsch.; Zam. Sist. Geogr. Rast. 32: 20 (1976)
= Melissitus liaosiensis (P.Y.Fu & Y.A.Chen) P.Y.Fu & Y.A.Chen; Fl. Liaoningica, chief ed. S. X. Li 1: 901 (1988), isonym
= Melissitus liaosiensis (P.Y.Fu & Y.A.Chen) Yakovlev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 16: 138 (1979)
= Melissitus ruthenicus (L.) C.W.Chang; Fl. Tsinlingensis 1(3): 23 (1981), isonym
= Melissitus ruthenicus (L.) Latsch.; Zametki Sist. Geogr. Rast. 32: 21 (1976)
= Melissitus ruthenicus (L.) Peschkova; Fl. Tsentral´noi Sibiri 2: 587 (1979), isonym
= Melissitus ruthenicus var. inschanicus (H.C.Fu & Y.Q.Jiang) H.C.Fu & Y.Q.Jiang; Acta Sci. Nat. Univ. Intramongolicae 18(2): 391 (1987)
= Melissitus ruthenicus var. liaosiensis (P.Y.Fu & Y.A.Chen) H.C.Fu & Y.Q.Jiang; Acta Sci. Nat. Univ. Intramongolicae 18(2): 391 (1987)
= Melissitus ruthenicus var. liaosiensis (P.Y.Fu & Y.A.Chen) X.P.Jiang; Fl. Beijing 1: 429 (1984), without basionym ref.
= Melissitus ruthenicus var. oblongifolius (Fr.) H.C.Fu & Y.Q.Jiang; Acta Sci. Nat. Univ. Intramongolicae 18(2): 391 (1987)
= Melissitus schischkinii (Vassilcz.) Bondarenko ex Korovina; Byull. Vses. Ord. Lenina Inst. Rast. N. I. Vavilov 81: 37 (1978), isonym
= Melissitus schischkinii (Vassilcz.) Latsch.; Zam. Sist. Geogr. Rast. 32: 21 (1976)
= Pocockia liaosiensis P.Y.Fu & Y.A.Chen; Fl. Plant. Herb. Chinae bor.-or. 5: 176 (1976)
= Pocockia ruthenica (L.) Boiss.; Diagn. Ser. I. 9: 12 (1849)
= Pocockia ruthenica (L.) P.Y.Fu & Y.A.Chen; Fl. Plant. Herb. Chinae bor.-or. 5: 70 (1976)
= Pocockia ruthenica var. inschanica H.C.Fu & Y.Q.Jiang; Fl. Intramongolica 3: 287 (1977 publ. 1978)
= Pocockia ruthenica var. liaosiensis (P.Y.Fu & Y.A.Chen) H.C.Fu & Y.Q.Jiang; Fl. Intramongolica 3: 146 (1977 publ. 1978), without basionym ref.
= Sertula ruthenica (L.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 205 (1891)
= Trigonella koraiensis Vassilcz.; Bot. Mater. Gerb. Bot. Inst. Komarova Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R. 14: 234 (1951)
= Trigonella korshinskyi Grossh.; Fl. URSS, ed. Kom. 11: 127 (1945)
= Trigonella ruthenica f. oblongifolia Fr. ex Schischk.; Trudy Bot. Inst. Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R., Ser. 1, Fl. Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 10: 107 (1953)
= Trigonella ruthenica L.; Sp. Pl. 776 (1753)
= Trigonella ruthenica var. petraea Vassilcz.; Trudy Bot. Inst. Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R., Ser. 1, Fl. Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 14: 170 (1953)
= Trigonella ruthenica var. robusta Vassilcz.; Trudy Bot. Inst. Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R., Ser. 1, Fl. Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 14: 170 (1953)
= Trigonella schischkinii Vassilcz.; Bot. Mater. Gerb. Bot. Inst. Komarova Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R. 14: 233 (1951)
= Turukhania ruthenica (L.) N.S.Pavlova; Sosud. Rast. Sovet. Dal´nego Vostoka 4: 321 (1989)
= Turukhania schischkinii (Vassilcz.) N.S.Pavlova; Sosud. Rast. Sovet. Dal´nego Vostoka 4: 319 (1989)
species :
Medicago sativa L.; Sp. Pl.: 778 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. sativa
Name: Echte Luzerne (DE), Alfalfa (EN)
Distribution: England [I]; Ireland [I]; Denmark [I]; Norway [I]; Sweden [I]; Finland [I]; Netherlands [I]; Belgium [I]; Germany [I]; Switzerland [I]; Liechtenstein [I]; Austria [I]; Poland [I]; Czech Republic [I]; Slovakia [I]; Hungary [I]; Portugal [I]; Spain [I]; Andorra [I]; Gibraltar [I]; Baleares [I]; France [I]; Channel Isl. [I]; Corsica [I]; Sardinia [I]; Italy [I]; Sicily [I]; Malta [I]; San Marino [I]; Slovenia [I]; Croatia [I]; Bosnia & Hercegovina [I]; Macedonia [I]; Albania [I]; Romania [I]; Bulgaria [I]; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Estonia [I]; Latvia [I]; Lithuania [I]; Belarus [I]; European Russia; Ukraine [I]; Crimea; Morocco [I]; Algeria [I]; Tunisia [I]; Libya [I]; Egypt (Desert Oases, Nile Delta, Nile Valley, NW-coastal Egypt); Azores [I] (Santa Maria Isl. [I], Terceira [I], Graciosa [I]); Canary Isl. [I] (Fuerteventura [I], Hierro [I], Lanzarote [I], Gran Canaria [I], Tenerife [I]); Chad [c]; Sudan [I]; Angola [I]; South Africa [I] (widespread); Mauritius [I]; La Réunion [I]; Siberia [I] (Altai [I], Buryatia [I], Chita [I], Irkutsk [I], Krasnoyarsk [I], Tuva [I], W-Siberia [I], Yakutia [I]); Russian Far East [I] (Amur [I], Khabarovsk [I], Magadan [I], Primorye [I]); Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan (incl. Nachichevan); East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia); Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, S-Iran, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Badakshan, Wakhan, Baghlan, Bamyan, Ghazni, Farah, Kabul, Kunar / Nuristan, Wardak, Nangarhar, Paktia / Khost, Parwan, Takhar, Zabul); Cyprus (N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, NW-Syria); Jordania (S-Jordania); Saudi Arabia (C-Saudi Arabia, Dahana, NE-Saudi Arabia, N-Saudi Arabia, Nafud Desert, Hejaz, Asir, Nejd Desert); Qatar [I]; Yemen (Aden Desert, N-Inner Yemen, SE-Yemen: coastal Hadhramaut, SW-Yemen, W-Yemen); China [I] (widespread); Mongolia [I]; South Korea [I]; Japan [I]; Taiwan [I]; Pakistan; Nepal [I]; NW-India (Himachal Pradesh, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu); Sri Lanka [I]; Bangladesh [I]; Andaman Isl. [I]; Nicobar Isl. [I]; Vietnam [I]; Java [I]; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); New Zealand [I]; Kermadec Isl. [I]; Chatham Isl. [I]; Fiji [I]; Guam [I]; Hawaii [I] (Midway Isl. [I], Kauai [I], Oahu [I], Molokai [I], Lanai [I], Maui [I], Hawaii Isl. [I]); Alaska [I]; Canada [I] (Alberta [I], British Columbia [I], Labrador [I], Manitoba [I], New Brunswick [I], Newfoundland [I], Nova Scotia [I], N. W. Territories [I], Ontario [I], Prince Edward Isl. [I], Québec [I], Saskatchewan [I], Yukon [I]); USA [I] (Alabama [I], Arkansas [I], Arizona [I], California [I], Colorado [I], Connecticut [I], District of Columbia [I], Delaware [I], Florida [I], Georgia [I], Iowa [I], Idaho [I], Illinois [I], Indiana [I], Kansas [I], Kentucky [I], Louisiana [I], Massachusetts [I], Maryland [I], Maine [I], Michigan [I], Minnesota [I], Missouri [I], Mississippi [I], Montana [I], North Carolina [I], North Dakota [I], Nebraska [I], New Hampshire [I], New Jersey [I], New Mexico [I], Nevada [I], New York [I], Ohio [I], Oklahoma [I], Oregon [I], Pennsylvania [I], Rhode Island [I], South Carolina [I], South Dakota [I], Tennessee [I], Texas [I], Utah [I], Virginia [I], Vermont [I], Washington State [I], Wisconsin [I], West Virginia [I], Wyoming [I]); Mexico [I]; Honduras [I]; Cuba [I]; Hispaniola [I]; Puerto Rico [I]; Virgin Isl. [I]; Guadeloupe [I]; Colombia [I]; Venezuela [I]; Ecuador [I]; Peru [I]; Bolivia [I]; Paraguay [I]; Uruguay [I]; Argentina [I]; Chile [I] (Arica y Parinacota [I], Tarapacá [I], Antofagasta [I], Atacama [I], Coquimbo [I], Valparaíso [I], Metropolitana de Santiago [I], O´Higgins [I], Maule [I], Ñuble [I], Biobío [I], Araucanía [I], Los Rios [I], Los Lagos [I], Aisén [I], Magallanes [I]); Juan Fdz. Isl. [I]; Falkland Isl. [I]
10 den fin grb ire nor swe 11 aut bgm cze ger hun lie net pol slo swi 12 ado bal cis cor fra gib por sar spa 13 alb bih bul cro GRC ita KRI mlt nma rom sic slv sma 14 blr est KRY lat lit RUS ukr 20 alg EGY lby mor tun 21 azo cny 24 cha sud 26 ang 27 saf 29 mau reu 30 sib 31 rfe 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG CYP EAI IRN IRQ JOR LEB SYR TUR 35 qat SAU YEM 36 chi 37 mon 38 jap kor tai 40 ban IND nep PAK srl 41 and ncb vie 42 jaw 50 aus 51 ctm ker nzl 60 fij 62 gum 63 haw 70 ask cdn 71 cdn 72 cdn 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa 79 mex 80 hon 81 cub gdl his pue vir 82 clm ven 83 bol ecu per 85 arg cle jnf par uru 91 fal
Remarks: sativa agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Medica legitima Greene; Fl. Francisc. 101 (1894)
= Medica sativa (L.) Lam.; Fl. Franç. 2: 584 (1779)
= Medica sativa (L.) Mill.; Gard. Dict., ed. 8: no. 1 (1768)
= Medica sativa f. alba Benke; Amer. Midl. Not. 16: 424 (1935)
= Medicago afghanica (Bordakov) Vassilcz.; J. Bot. URSS 31: No. 3, 28 (1946)
= Medicago angulata Láng ex Neilr.; Aufz. Ungarn Slavon. Gefässpfl.: 331 (1865)
= Medicago asiatica Sinskaya; Fl. Cult. Pl. USSR 13: 1. 71 (1950), nom. superfl.
= Medicago asiatica subsp. geratica Sinskaya; Fl. Cult. Pl. USSR,13(1): 82 (1950)
= Medicago asiatica subsp. kandagharo-kabulica (Bordakov) Sinskaya; Fl. Cult. PI. USSR 13(1): 79 (1950)
= Medicago asiatica subsp. kitivinica Sinskaya; Fl. Cult. Pl. USSR,13(1): 75 (1950)
= Medicago asiatica subsp. sinensis Sinskaya; Fl. Cult. PI. USSR 13(1): 82 (1950)
= Medicago asiatica subsp. turcomanica (Bordakov) Sinskaya; Fl. Cult. Pl., SSSR 13(1): 74 (1950)
= Medicago asiatica subsp. turkestanica (Vildebouchevich) Sinskaya; Fl. Cult. Pl. USSR 13(1): 71 (1950)
= Medicago asiatica var. integrifoliola C.W.Chang; Fl. Tsinlingensis 1(3): 444, 25 (1981)
= Medicago contorta Gilib.; Fl. Lit. Inch. 2: 94 (1782), opus utique oppr.
= Medicago glandulosa W.D.J.Koch; Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv., ed. 2: 176 (1843)
= Medicago glutinosa var. panzeriana DC.; Prodr. 2: 174 (1825)
= Medicago jemenensis Sinskaya; Fl. Cult. Pl. USSR,13(1): 55 (1950)
= Medicago jemenensis subsp. subarabica Sinskaya; Fl. Cult. Pl. USSR,13(1): 59 (1950)
= Medicago karatschaica Latsch.; Notul. Syst. (Paris) Geogr. Inst. Bot. Thbiliss., Fasc. 21, 29 (1959)
= Medicago kopetdaghi Vassilcz.; Vol. Sci. Works Leningrad 1941-43, ed. Schitchk., 101 (1946)
= Medicago legitima Clus ex Greene; Man. Bot. San Francisco: 101 (1894)
= Medicago mesopotamica Vassilcz.; J. Bot. URSS 31: No. 3, 27 (1946)
= Medicago orientalis subsp. anatolica (Bordakov) Sinskaya; Fl. Cult. Pl. U. S. S. R. 13(1): 64 (1950)
= Medicago orientalis subsp. graeca Sinskaya; Fl. Cult. Pl., SSSR 13(1): 64 (1950)
= Medicago orientalis var. austroeuropaea Bordakov; Trudy Prikl. Bot. 19: 8 (1929)
= Medicago orientalis var. erecta Schweinf.; Bull. Herb. Boissier 4(App. 2): 355 (1896)
= Medicago orientalis Vassilcz.; J. Bot. URSS 31: No. 3, 28 (1946)
= Medicago polia (Brandegee) Vassilcz.; Bot. Zhurn. S.S.S.R. 31(3): 27 (1946)
= Medicago praesativa Sinskaya; Fl. Cult. Pl. USSR 13,1: 51 (1950), sine descr. lat.
= Medicago praesativa subsp. armena Sinskaya; Fl. Cult. Pl. USSR 13(1): 52 (1950)
= Medicago praesativa subsp. sponanea Sinskaya; Fl. Cult. Pl. U. S. S. R. 13(1): 51 (1950)
= Medicago sativa f. alba Benke; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 16: 424 (1935)
= Medicago sativa f. microphylla Pau; Not. Bot. Fl. Espan. 4: 27 (1891)
= Medicago sativa f. prolifera Dore; Can. Field-Nat. 73: 150 (1959)
= Medicago sativa f. salaverryensis J.F.Macbr.; Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Bot., ser. 8(2): 97 (1930)
= Medicago sativa subsp. kandagharokabulica (Bordakov) Sinskaya; Fl. Cult. Pl., SSSR 13(1): 79 (1950)
= Medicago sativa subsp. macrocarpa Urb.; Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenb. 15: 56 (1873), nom. inval.
= Medicago sativa subsp. microcarpa Urb.; Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 15: 57 (1873)
= Medicago sativa subsp. transoxana (Vassilcz.) Lubenetz
= Medicago sativa subvar. kandagharokabulica Bordakov; Armen. Agr.: 113 (1929)
= Medicago sativa subvar. provincialis Bordakov; Bull. Appl. Bot. Pl. Breed. 19: 113 (1929)
= Medicago sativa subvar. tunetana (Murb.) Nègre; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 50: 283 (1961)
= Medicago sativa subvar. vavilovi Bordakov; Armen. Agr.: 113 (1929)
= Medicago sativa var. anatolica Bordakov; Bull. Appl. Bot. Pl. Breed. 19: 8 (1929)
= Medicago sativa var. erecta Schweinf.; Samml. arab.-aethiop. 4: 355 (1896)
= Medicago sativa var. integrifoliola C.W.Chang; Fl. Tsinling. 1(3): 444 (1981)
= Medicago sativa var. polia Brandegee; Bull. Bur. Pl. Industr. U.S.D.A. 118: 23 (1907)
= Medicago sativa var. syriaco-palestinica Bordakov; Bull. Appl. Bot. Pl. Breed. 19: 8 (1929)
= Medicago sativa var. takestnilka (Vildebouchevich) Bordakov; Armen. Agr.: 113 (1939)
= Medicago sativa var. tripolitanica Bordakov; Bull. Appl. Bot. Pl. Breed. 19: 8 (1929)
= Medicago sativa var. turcomanica Bordakov; Armenian Agr.: 113 (1929)
= Medicago sativa var. turkestanica Vilbouchevich; Renseinements: 8 (1895)
= Medicago sogdiana var. chivensis Vassilcz.; Acta Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. U. S. S. R., ser. 1, 8: 92 (1949)
= Medicago sogdiana Vassilcz.; J. Bot. URSS 31: No. 3, 24 (1946)
= Medicago syriaco-palestinica (Bordakov) Sinskaya; Fl. Cult. Pl. USSR 13: 1. 61 (1950)
= Medicago tadzhicorum Vassilcz.; Acta Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS, Ser. 1, Fasc. 8, 32 (1949), sine descr. lat., et Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 18: 211 (1981)
= Medicago transoxana var. kopetdaghi (Vassilcz.) Khass.; Dikor. Iyutserny Srednei Assii: 34 (1972)
= Medicago transoxana var. tadzhicorum (Vassilcz.) Khass.
= Medicago transoxana Vassilcz.; Vol. Sci. Works Leningrad 1941-43, ed. Schischk., 101 (1946)
= Medicago tripolitanica (Bordakov) Sinskaya; Fl. Cult. Pl. USSR 13(1): 59 (1950)
= Medicago vera Kirschl.; Fl. Vogéso-Rhén. 1: 122 (1870), nom. superfl.
= Trigonella upendrae H.J.Chowdhery & R.R.Rao; Bull. Bot. Surv. India, 31(1-4): 156 (1989 publ. 1992)
subspecies :
subsp. glomerata (Balb.) Rouy; Fl. France 5: 14 (1899)
Distribution: SE-France; Italy; Croatia; Macedonia; Crimea; Algeria; Tunisia; Northern Caucasus (widespread); Georgia [Caucasus]; Azerbaijan; New Zealand [I]
12 FRA 13 CRO ITA NMA 14 KRY 20 ALG TUN 33 AZE GEO NCS 51 nzl
Synonyms: hidden
= Medicago cirtensis Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 14 (1899)
= Medicago falcata subsp. glomerata (Balb.) Soják; Cas. Nár. Muz. (Prague), 150(3-4): 138 (1981 publ. 1982)
= Medicago glomerata Balb.; Elenco: 93 (1801)
= Medicago glutinosa f. glomerata (Balb.) Urb.; Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 15: 56 (1873)
= Medicago glutinosa f. grandiflora Sinskaya; Bot. I. USSR 23(4): 393 (1938)
= Medicago glutinosa M.Bieb.; Tabl. Prov. Mer Casp.: 117 (1798)
= Medicago glutinosa subsp. glomerata (Balb.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 166 (1878)
= Medicago glutinosa var. glandulosa Micevski; Fl. Republ. Makedonija 1(5): 1417 (2001)
= Medicago glutinosa var. glomerata (Balb.) Grossh.; Zap. Nauchno-Prikl. Otd. Tiflissk. Bot. Sada 1: 25 (1919)
= Medicago glutinosa var. macrocarpa (Urb.) Grossh.; Sci. Pap. Appl. Sect. Tiflis Bot. Gard 1: 23 (1919)
= Medicago glutinosa var. prostrata Vassilcz.; Tr. Bot. Inst. Akad. Nauk S. S. S. R., ser. 1, 14: 68 (1949)
= Medicago gunibica Vassilcz.; Notul. Syst. (Paris) Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS 11: 100 (1949)
= Medicago macrocarpa Urb.; Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 15: 56 (1873), nom. illeg.
= Medicago macrocarpa Urb. ex M.Goldschm.; 164 (1912), nom. illeg.
= Medicago sativa f. glomerata (Balb.) Urb.; Verh. Bot. Ver. Prov. Brandenb. 15: 56 (1873)
= Medicago sativa f. glutinosa (M.Bieb.) Urb.; Verh. Bot. Ver. Prov. Brandenb. 15: 56 (1873)
= Medicago sativa var. glandulosa (W.D.J.Koch) Alef.; Verh. Bot. Ver. Prov. Brandenb. 15: 56 (1873)
= Medicago sativa var. glomerata (Balb.) Urb.; Index Seminum (B) 1873(App. 3): 1 (1873)
= Medicago sativa var. glutinosa (M.Bieb.) Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital.: 160 (1882)
= Medicago virescens Grossh.; Sci. Papers Applied Sect. Tiflis Bot. Gard. Pt. 1, 26 (1919)
= Medicago ×polychroa var. glomerata (Balb.) Grossh.; Kom., Fl. URSS 11: 155 (1941)
subspecies :
subsp. faurei Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 24: 28 (1933) [nothossp.]
Distribution: Ukraine; Morocco; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Iran; etc.
14 UKR 20 MOR 32 KGZ TZK 33 ARM GEO 34 IRN
Remarks: M. sativa ssp. glomerata x M. sativa ssp. sativa
Synonyms: hidden
= Medicago glutinosa nothosubsp. polychroa (Grossh.) Sinskaya; Fl. Cult. Pl., SSSR 12(1): 190 (1950)
= Medicago glutinosa nothosubsp. praefalcata Sinskaya; Trudy Prikl. Bot. 28(1): 37, 192 (1948)
= Medicago glutinosa var. microcarpa Grossh.; Zap. Nauchno-Prikl. Otd. Tiflissk. Bot. Sada 1: 22 (1919)
= Medicago sativa nothosubsp. praefalcata (Sinskaya) C.R.Gunn; Techn. Bull. U.S.D.A. 1574: 10 (1978)
= Medicago sativa nothosubsp. tunetana Murb.; Acta Univ. Lund. 33(12): 62 (1897)
= Medicago sativa var. gaetula Urb.; Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 15: 57 (1873)
= Medicago ×grossheimii Vassilcz.; Bot. Mater. Gerb. Bot. Inst. Komarova Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R. 12: 116 (1950)
= Medicago ×polychroa Grossh.; Papers Applied Sect. Tiflis Bot. Gard. 4: 145 (1925)
= Medicago ×polychroa var. denudata Grossh.; Zap. Nauchno-Prikl. Otd. Tiflissk. Bot. Sada 4: 3 (1925)
= Medicago ×tianschanica var. grossheimii (Vassilcz.) Ubuk.
= Medicago ×tunetana (Murb.) A.W.Hill; Index Kew. Suppl. 6: 125 (1926)
= Medicago ×tunetana (Murb.) Vassilcz.; Acta Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS, Ser. 1, Fasc. 8, 71 (1949), isonym
species :
Medicago sauvagei Nègre; Compt.-Rend. Seances Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc 20: 175 (1954)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Medicago sauvagei var. recta Nègre; Trav. Inst. Sci. Chdrifien, Sdr. Bot. 5: 80 (1956)
= Medicago sauvagei var. uncinata Nègre; Trav. Inst. Sci. Chdrifien, Sdr. Bot. 5: 80 (1956)
species :
Medicago saxatilis M.Bieb.; Fl. Taur.-Caucas. 2: 225 (1808)
Distribution: Crimea
14 KRY
Synonyms: hidden
= Medicago cuspidata Tausch; Flora 14: 211 (1831)
= Medicago saxatilis var. cuspidata (Tausch) Urb.; Index Seminum (B) 1873(App. 3): 1 (1873)
species :
Medicago scutellata (L.) Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. 8: Medicago n 2. (1768)
Name: Schild-Schneckenklee (DE); Snail Medick (EN)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Austria [I]; Hungary [I]; Portugal; Spain; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Malta; +San Marino; Croatia; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Ukraine; Crimea; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, C-Syrian Desert, Jbel Druze); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel); Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); USA [I] (Maryland [I]); Uruguay [I]; Argentina [I]
11 aut ger hun 12 BAL COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 CRO GRC ITA KRI MLT SIC SMA 14 KRY UKR 20 ALG MOR TUN 34 CYP EAI ISR LEB SYR TUR 50 aus 78 usa 85 arg uru
Synonyms: hidden
= Cochleata scutellata (L.) Medik.; Phil. Bot. 1: 210 (1789)
= Medica scutellata (L.) Bubani; Fl. Pyren. 2: 574 (1899), isonym
= Medica scutellata (L.) Moench; 116 (1794), isonym
= Medicago inermis (Lam.) Lam. ex Steud.; Nomencl. Bot.: 513 (1821)
= Medicago polymorpha var. scutellata L.; Sp. Pl. 779 (1753)
= Medicago scutellaris All.; Rchb., Ic. Fl. Germ, t. 2114 (1867), orth. var.
= Medicago scutellaris Rchb.; Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 22: t. 2114 (1867), orth. var.
= Medicago scutellata (L.) All.; Fl. Ped. 1: 315 (1785), isonym
= Pocockia scutellata (L.) Trautv.; Index Seminum (KIEV, Kioviensi) 1842: 4 (1842)
species :
Medicago secundiflora Durieu; Rev. Bot. Recueit Mens. 1: 365 (1846)
Distribution: Spain; Baleares; France; Italy [I]; Sicily [I]; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya
12 BAL FRA SPA 13 ita sic 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN
Synonyms: hidden
= Medica secundiflora (Durieu) Bubani; Fl. Pyren. 2: 473 (1899)
= Medicago lupulina subsp. secundiflora (Durieu) Bonnier & Layens; Fl. Franç.: 74 (1894)
= Medicago lupulina var. secundiflora (Durieu) Fiori; Nuova Fl. Analit. Ital.,1: 828 (1925), isonym
= Medicago secundiramea Willk. & Lange; Prod. Fl. Hisp. 3: 417 (1877)
= Medicula secundiflora (Durieu) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 18(2): 204 (1983)
species :
Medicago shepardii Post ex Boiss.; Fl. Suppl. 163 (1888)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, S-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Medicago tornata var. shepardii (Post ex Boiss.) Heyn; Scripta Hierosolymitana 12: 90 (1963)
species :
Medicago sinskiae Uljanova; Novit. Syst. Pl. Vasc., Acad. Sci. URSS, 175 (1964)
Distribution: Turkmenistan
32 TKM
Synonyms: hidden
= Medicago rigidula subsp. sinskiae (Uljanova) Mehregan & Rahimin.; Iranian J. Bot. 9(2): 214 (2002)
species :
Medicago soleirolii Duby; Bot. Gall.: 124 (1828)
Distribution: Baleares [I]; France [I]; Corsica [I]; Italy [I]; Crimea; Algeria; Tunisia; Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Gran Canaria)
12 bal cor fra 13 ita 14 KRY 20 ALG TUN 21 CNY
Synonyms: hidden
= Medicago plagiospira Durieu; Duch. Rev. Bot. 1: 366 (1845)
species :
Medicago suffruticosa Ramond ex DC.; Lam. & DC., Fl. Franc. ed. 3, 4: 541 (1805)
Name: Halbstrauchiger Schneckenklee
Distribution: Spain; Andorra; France; Morocco
12 ADO FRA SPA 20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Medica suffruticosa (Ramond ex DC.) Bubani; Fl. Pyren. 2: 472 (1899)
= Medicago leiocarpa Benth.; Cat. Pl. Pyrénées: 100 (1826)
= Medicago leiocarpa var. segobricensis Pau; Not. Bot. Fl. Espan. 4: 27 (1891)
= Medicago lenticulata Pourr. ex Benth.; Cat. Pl. Pyr. 100 (1826)
= Medicago pailleri Phil. ex Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 166 (1878)
= Medicago suffruticosa subsp. leiocarpa (Benth.) Urb.; Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 15: 58 (1873)
= Medicago suffruticosa subsp. maroccana (Batt.) Jahand. & Maire; Jahand. et al., Cat. Pl. Maroc 2: 381 (1932)
= Medicago suffruticosa var. ballii Pau; Bult. Inst. Cat. Hist. Nat. 5: 124 (1925)
= Medicago suffruticosa var. benthamii Duby; Bot. Gall.,1: 123 (1828)
= Medicago suffruticosa var. glabra Costa; Anales Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 3: 210 (1874)
= Medicago suffruticosa var. glabrescens Nègre; Trav. Inst. Sci. Cherifien, Ser. Bot. 5: 24 (1956), nom. inval.
= Medicago suffruticosa var. maroccana Batt.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 54(6): 546 (1907)
= Medicago suffruticosa var. segobricensis Pau; Not. Bot. Fl. Esp. 4: 27 (1891)
= Medicago suffruticosa var. villosa Benth.; Cat. Pl. Pyrenees: 100 (1826)
= Medicago tomentosa Dulac; Fl. Hautes-Pyr. 273 (1867), non Chevall. 1927
species :
Medicago syriaca E.Small; Canad. J. Bot. 68(7): 1476 (1990)
Distribution: Syria
34 SYR
species :
Medicago tenoreana DC.; Prodr. 2: 180 (1825)
Distribution: France; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Malta; Croatia
12 FRA SAR 13 CRO ITA MLT SIC
Synonyms: hidden
= Medicago cancellata Ten.; Prod. p. 45 (1810) non M. Bieb. 1808
species :
Medicago tetraprostrata J.S.Erikss. & B.E.Pfeil; Molec. Phylogen. Evol. 107: 379 (2017)
Distribution: cultivated (origin unknown)
species :
Medicago truncatula Gaertn.; Fruct. Sem. Pl. 2: 350 (1791)
Name: Gestutzter Schneckenklee (DE); Strong-spined Medick (EN)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Pantelleria; Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); Malta; Slovenia; Croatia; ?Montenegro; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Belarus [I]; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt (Desert Oases, NW-coastal Egypt); Madeira (Madeira Isl., Ilhas Desertas, Porto Santo Isl.); Canary Isl. (Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, La Palma Isl., Hierro, Lanzarote); Turkmenistan; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (Inner Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus); Lebanon (Antilebanon); Lebanon (coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (NW-Syria); Israel (N-Negev Desert, N-Israel, coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley); Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], Northern Territory [I], South Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I]); Paraguay [I]; Uruguay [I]; Argentina [I]
11 ger 12 BAL COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 CRO GRC ITA KRI MLT PEL PTL SIC SLV 14 blr 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 21 CNY MDR 32 TKM 33 ARM AZE GEO 34 CYP EAI ISR LEB SYR TUR 50 aus 85 arg par uru
Synonyms: hidden
= Medica tribuloides (Desr.) Bubani; Fl. Pyren. 2: 477 (1899)
= Medicago crassispina Vis.; Flora 12: (1829) I. Erg. 20
= Medicago glabella C.Presl; Delic. Prag.: 44 (1822)
= Medicago hornemanniana Ser.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 2: 177 (1825)
= Medicago lappacea var. tricycla Gren. & Godr.; Fl. France [Gren. & Godr.] 1: 390 (1848)
= Medicago nigra var. tricycla (Gren. & Godr.) O.Bolós & Vigo; Bullt. Inst. Catal. Hist. Nat., Sect. Bot. 38: 70 (1974)
= Medicago polymorpha var. tribuloides Desf.; Fl. Atlant. 2: 212 (1799)
= Medicago pubescens Hornem.; Hort. Reg. Hafn. 2: 726 (1815)
= Medicago rigidula Willd.; Sp. Pl. 3: 1417 (1802) non (L.) All. 1785
= Medicago tentaculata Willd.; Sp. Pl. 3: 1413 (1802) (nom. illeg.)
= Medicago tribuloides Desr.; Encycl. [Lam.] 3: 635 (1792)
= Medicago tribuloides f. longepedunculata Pau; Butl. Inst. Catalana Hist. Nat. 5: 87 (1909)
= Medicago tribuloides proles tentaculata (Willd.) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 23 (1899)
= Medicago tribuloides subsp. truncatula (Gaertn.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 167 (1878), nom. illeg.
= Medicago tribuloides var. breviaculeata Moris; Fl. Sard. 1: 441 (1837)
= Medicago tribuloides var. cossyrensis Sommier; Fl. Isola Pantelleria: 27 (1922)
= Medicago tribuloides var. hornemanniana (DC.) W.D.J.Koch; 162 (1836)
= Medicago tribuloides var. longeaculeata Ball; Spicil. Fl. Marocc. [Ball]: 413 (1878)
= Medicago tribuloides var. muricata Menezes; Fl. Arch. Madeira: 43 (1914)
= Medicago tribuloides var. narbonensis Ser.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 2: 178 (1825)
= Medicago tribuloides var. rectiuscula Rouy; Fl. France [Rouy & Foucaud] 5: 23 (1899)
= Medicago tribuloides var. subinermis Bég. & A.Vacc.; Ann. Bot. (Rome) 12: 107 (1914)
= Medicago tribuloides var. tentaculata (Willd.) P.Fourn.; Quatre Fl. Fr.: 547 (1936)
= Medicago tribuloides var. truncatula (Gaertn.) W.D.J.Koch; Syn. Fl. Germ.: 162 (1837)
= Medicago tribuloides var. uncinata (Willd.) Rouy; Fl. France [Rouy & Foucaud] 5: 22 (1899)
= Medicago truncatula f. dextrorsa Urb.; Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb. 15: 67 (1873)
= Medicago truncatula f. laxicycla E.Small; Pl. Syst. Evol., 174(1-2): 38 (1991)
= Medicago truncatula f. sinistrorsa Urb.; Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb. 15: 67 (1873)
= Medicago truncatula f. tricycla (Gren. & Godr.) Nègre; C. R. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc 17: 90 (1951)
= Medicago truncatula f. uncinata (Willd.) K.A.Lesins & I.Lesins; Gen. Medicago: 168 (1979), isonym
= Medicago truncatula f. uncinata (Willd.) Zodda; 15 (1942)
= Medicago truncatula subsp. breviaculeata (Moris) Arcang.; 162 (1882)
= Medicago truncatula subsp. longiaculeata (Urb.) Arcang.; 162 (1882)
= Medicago truncatula subsp. longiaculeata (Urb.) Ponert; Feddes Repert. 83: 639 (1973), isonym
= Medicago truncatula var. breviaculeata (Moris) Urb.; Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 15: 67 (1873), nom. inval.
= Medicago truncatula var. cosyrensis (Sommier) Fiori; Nuova Fl. Anal. Italia 1: 834 (1925)
= Medicago truncatula var. fontqueri Nègre; nom. inval.] [Trav. Inst. Sci. Cherifien, Ser. Bot. 5: 50 (1956)
= Medicago truncatula var. heteracantha (Loret) Loret & Barrandon; Fl. Montpellier, éd. 2: 123 (1886)
= Medicago truncatula var. laciniata Batt.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 33: 352 (1886)
= Medicago truncatula var. laxicycla (E.Small) E.Small; Alfalfa & Relatives: 644 (2011)
= Medicago truncatula var. longeaculeata Urb.; Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb. 15: 67 (1873)
= Medicago truncatula var. narbonensis (Ser.) Thell.; 311 (1912)
= Medicago truncatula var. rectiuscula Rouy; Fl. Franç. 5: 23 (1899)
= Medicago truncatula var. rugosissima Maire & Weiller; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N.30: 273 (1939)
= Medicago truncatula var. tentaculata (Willd.) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 6(2): 415 (1907), isonym
= Medicago truncatula var. tentaculata (Willd.) Burnat; Fl. Alp. Marit., 2:100 (1896)
= Medicago truncatula var. tribuloides (Desr.) Burnat; Fl. Alp. Marit., 2:100 (1896)
= Medicago truncatula var. tricycla (Nègre) Heyn; Annual Sp. Medicago: 99 (1963)
= Medicago truncatula var. uncinata (Willd.) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 22 (1899)
= Medicago uncinata Willd.; Sp. Pl. 3: 1417 (1802)
species :
Medicago turbinata (L.) All.; Fl. Pedem. 1: 315 (1785)
Name: Kreisel-Schneckenklee (DE); Southern Medick (EN)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Portugal; Spain; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Pantelleria; Malta; Croatia; ?Montenegro; ?Albania; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; ?Tunisia; Libya; Egypt (Great Southwestern Desert, NW-coastal Egypt); East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Cyprus (E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, C-Syrian Desert, Jazira, NW-Syria); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, N-Negev Desert, Negev Desert); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); USA [I] (New Jersey [I], Oregon [I])
11 ger 12 BAL COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 CRO GRC ITA KRI MLT PTL SIC 20 EGY LBY 34 CYP EAI IRQ ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR 73 usa 75 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Medica turbinata (L.) Medik.; Vorles. Churpfälz. Phys.-Öcon. Ges. 2: 386 (1787)
= Medicago aculeata var. turbinata (L.) Thell.; 312 (1912), nom. illeg.
= Medicago apiculata Bastard; Fl. Maine-et-Loire, 280 (1809)
= Medicago catalonica Schrank; Pl. Rar. Hort. Monac., tab. 28 (1819)
= Medicago ciliaris Balb. ex DC.; Fl. Franç. Suppl. 548 (1815) non (L.) All. 1785)
= Medicago compressa Biroli ex Colla; Herb. Pedem. 2: 100 (1834)
= Medicago polymorpha var. tuberculata Retz.; Observ. Bot. 2: 23 (1781)
= Medicago polymorpha var. turbinata L.; Sp. Pl. 2: 780 (1753)
= Medicago pubescens DC.; Cat. Hort. Monsp. 124 (1813)
= Medicago rugosa d´Urv.; Mém. Soc. Linn. Paris 1: 354 (1822), nom. illeg.
= Medicago sphaerocarpa Costa; Introd. Fl. Cataluña: 60 (1864)
= Medicago spinulosa DC.; Lam. & DC., Fl. Franc. ed. 3, 5: 569 (1815)
= Medicago terebellum var. catalonica (Schrank) W.D.J.Koch; Röhl., Deutschl. Fl., ed. 3, 5: 340 (1839)
= Medicago tuberculata (Retz.) Willd.; Sp. Pl. 3: 1410 (1802)
= Medicago tuberculata f. dextrorsa Urb.; Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb.,15: 72 (1873)
= Medicago tuberculata f. pubescens (DC.) Urb.; Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb. 15: 72 (1873)
= Medicago tuberculata f. sinistrorsa Urb.; Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb.,15: 72 (1873)
= Medicago tuberculata subsp. aculeata (Moris) Arcang.; 163 (1882)
= Medicago tuberculata subsp. apiculata (Bastard) Arcang.; 163 (1882)
= Medicago tuberculata var. aculeata Moris; Fl. Caprar.: 36 (1839)
= Medicago tuberculata var. apiculata (Bastard) Urb.; Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb. 15: 72 (1873)
= Medicago tuberculata var. apiculata Eichler; Index Seminum (B) 1882: 14 (1882)
= Medicago tuberculata var. brevispina Rouy; Fl. Franç. 5: 32 (1899)
= Medicago tuberculata var. catalonica (Schrank) Pau; Bol. Soc. Aragonesa Ci. Nat. 4: 314 (1905)
= Medicago tuberculata var. chiotica Urb.; Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb. 15: 72 (1902)
= Medicago tuberculata var. glandulosa Posp.; Verh. Bot.-Zool. Ges. 52: 645 (1902)
= Medicago tuberculata var. spinulosa (DC.) Fiori; Nuova Fl. Anal. Italia 1: 833 (1925), isonym
= Medicago tuberculata var. spinulosa (DC.) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 32 (1899)
= Medicago tuberculata var. submutica Evenari; H. R. Oppenheimer & M. Evenari, Fl. Cisjord.: 284 (1940)
= Medicago tuberculata var. syriaca Tod. ex Urb.; Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb. 15: 72 (1873)
= Medicago tuberculata var. vulgaris Moris; Fl. Caprar.: 36 (1839)
= Medicago tuberculata var. warburgiana Evenari; H. R. Oppenheimer & M. Evenari, Fl. Cisjord.: 284 (1940)
= Medicago turbinata subsp. aculeata (Moris) Arcang.; 163 (1882)
= Medicago turbinata subsp. spinulosa (DC.) Ponert; Feddes Repert. 83: 640 (1973) (comb. inval.)
= Medicago turbinata var. aculeata Moris; 445 (1837)
= Medicago turbinata var. inermis Asch.; Index Seminum (B) 1871(App.): 1 (1872)
species :
Medicago ×blancheana Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 2, 5- 75 (1856)
Distribution: Greece; Turkey
13 GRC 34 TUR
Remarks: M. bonarotiana x M. rotata
Synonyms: hidden
= Medicago rotata subsp. blancheana (Boiss.) Ponert; Feddes Repert. 83(9-10): 639 (1972 publ. 1973)
species :
Medicago ×canariensis Benth.; Webb & Berthel. Phyt. Canar. 3: 2. 2: t. 56 (1837)
Distribution: Sardinia; Canary Isl.; etc.
12 SAR 21 CNY
Remarks: M. littoralis x M. tornata
Synonyms: hidden
= Medicago helix var. calcarata Lowe; Man. Fl. Mad. 1: 163 (1868)
= Medicago helix var. spinulosa Moris; Fl. Sard.1: 438 (1837)
= Medicago tornata var. spinulosa (Moris) Heyn; Annual Sp. Medicago: 87 (1963)
= Medicago ×calcar Lowe; Hooker´s J. Bot. Kew Gard. Misc. 8: 291 (1856)
= Medicago ×commutata Tod.; Ind. Sem. Hort. Panorm. (1867) 23, 31
species :
Medicago ×casellasii P.Monts.; Collect. Bot. Barcin. 5: 61 (1956)
Distribution: Spain; etc.
12 SPA
Remarks: M. littoralis x M. praecox
species :
Medicago ×mixta Sennholz; Verh. K. K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 38: 32 (1888)
Distribution: Europe
Remarks: M. prostrata x M. sativa ssp. falcata
species :
Medicago ×sabulensis H.Lév.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 7: 200 (1909)
Distribution: Europe
Remarks: M. littoralis x M. marina
species :
Medicago ×varia Martyn; Fl. Rustic. 3: 87 (1793)
Name: Bastard-Luzerne (DE); Lucerne (EN)
Distribution: Europe [I]; Czech Republic [I]; Hungary [I]; Channel Isl. [I]; Slovenia [I]; Croatia [I]; European Russia [I]; Siberia [I] (Tuva [I], W-Siberia [I]); Kazakhstan [I]; Uzbekistan [I]; Kyrgyzstan [I]; Tajikistan [I]; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Azerbaijan (incl. Nachichevan); East Aegaean Isl. (Rhodos); Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, W-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan); Cyprus (C-Mountains); Lebanon (C-Lebanon); Syria (W-Syrian Mountains); China [I]; Pakistan [I]; Nepal [I]; NW-India [I] (Himachal Pradesh [I], Jammu & Kaschmir [I])
11 cze hun 12 cis 13 cro slv 14 rus 30 sib 32 kaz kgz tzk uzb 33 AZE GEO NCS 34 CYP EAI IRN IRQ LEB SYR TUR 36 chi 40 ind nep pak
Remarks: Medicago falcata x Medicago sativa
Synonyms: hidden
= Medica ×media (Pers.) Fourr.; Ann. Soc. L. Lyon,N. S. 16: 859 (1868)
= Medicago caerulea subsp. pilifera (Urb.) Vassilcz.; Trudy Bot. Inst. Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R., Ser. 1, Fl. Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 14: 62 (1949)
= Medicago caerulea var. pauciflora (Ledeb.) Grossh.; Kom., Fl. URSS 11: 151 (1941)
= Medicago caerulea var. pilifera (Urb.) Vassilcz.; Trudy Bot. Inst. Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R., Ser. 1, Fl. Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 14: 61 (1949)
= Medicago falcata subsp. media (Pers.) Bonnier & Layens; Tabl. Syn. Pl. Vasc. France: 74 (1894)
= Medicago falcata subsp. media (Pers.) Corb.; Nouv. Fl. Normandie: 150 (1894), isonym
= Medicago falcata var. ambigua Trautv.; Bull. Soc. Imp. Nat. Moscou 33(1): 474 (1860)
= Medicago falcata var. annularis (Besser) DC.; Prodr. 2: 172 (1825)
= Medicago falcata var. cyclocarpa (Hy) Rouy; Fl. Franç. 5: 12 (1899)
= Medicago falcata var. desertorum (Trautv.) Regel & Herder; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 39(I): 559 (1866)
= Medicago falcata var. desertorum Trautv.; Enum. Pl. Soong.: 474 (1860)
= Medicago falcata var. erectiuscula Rouy; Fl. Franç. 5: 12 (1899)
= Medicago falcata var. hybrida Gaudin; Fl. Helv. 4: 611 (1829)
= Medicago falcata var. media (Pers.) Garcke; 103 (1848)
= Medicago falcata var. media (Pers.) Tourlet; Cat. Rais. Plant.: 115 (1903), isonym
= Medicago falcata var. pauciflora (Ledeb.) Lindem.; Fl. Chers. 1: 138 (1881)
= Medicago falcata var. subdicycla Trautv.; Enum. Pl. Soong: 474 (1860)
= Medicago falcata var. versicolor Wallr.; Sched. Crit.: 398 (1822)
= Medicago glutinosa var. denudata Grossh.; Nov. dann. Poznan. Kavk. Luyts.: 3 (1925)
= Medicago glutinosa var. glabrata Grossh.; Zap. Nauchno-Prikl. Otd. Tiflissk. Bot. Sada 4: 144 (1925)
= Medicago sativa nothosubsp. ambigua (Trautv.) Tutin; Feddes Repert. 79: 53 (1968)
= Medicago sativa nothosubsp. hemicycla (Grossh.) C.R.Gunn; U. S. D. A. Tech. Bull., 1574: 15 (1978)
= Medicago sativa nothosubsp. varia (Martyn) Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital., ed. 1: 160 (1882)
= Medicago sativa nothosubsp. varia (Martyn) O.Bolòs & Vigo; But. Inst. Catalana Hist. Nat., 38 Bot. 1: 70 (1974), isonym
= Medicago sativa nothovar. spuria (Hy) Rouy; Fl. Franç. 5: 14 (1899)
= Medicago sativa subsp. caucasica (Vassilcz.) Lubenetz
= Medicago sativa subsp. media (Pers.) Schübl. & G.Martens; Fl. Würtenb.: 467 (1834) [nothosubsp.]
= Medicago sativa var. atriflora Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 76 (1866)
= Medicago sativa var. decolorans Fr.; Nov. Fl. Suec. Cord. 3: 91 (1842)
= Medicago sativa var. gigantea Grossh.; Surv. Crim. Caucas. Repr. Medicago: 26 (1919)
= Medicago sativa var. glabrata Grossh.; Sci. Pap. Appl. Sect. Tiflis Bot. Gard. 4: 144 (1925)
= Medicago sativa var. grandiflora Grossh.; Zap. Nauchno-Prikl. Otd. Tiflissk. Bot. Sada 1: 28 (1919)
= Medicago sativa var. hybrida Gaudin; Fl. Helv. 4: 612 (1829)
= Medicago sativa var. intermedia Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 76 (1866)
= Medicago sativa var. kochiana Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 76 (1866), nom. superfl.
= Medicago sativa var. pallida Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 73 (1866)
= Medicago sativa var. parviflora Grossh.; Zap. Nauchno-Prokl. Otd. Tiflissk. Bot. Sada 1: 28 (1919)
= Medicago sativa var. pauciflora (Ledeb.) Urb.; Verh. Bot. Ver. Prov. Brandenb. 15: 57 (1873)
= Medicago sativa var. pilifera Urb.; Verh. Bot. Ver. Prov. Brandenb. 15: 57 (1873)
= Medicago sativa var. pseudofalcata Rouy; Fl. Franç. 5: 15 (1899)
= Medicago sativa var. pseudoglomerata Rouy; Fl. Franç. 5: 15 (1899)
= Medicago sativa var. pseudosativa Rouy; Fl. Franç. 5: 14 (1899)
= Medicago sativa var. rosea Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 75 (1866)
= Medicago sativa var. rotundifolia Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 75 (1899)
= Medicago sativa var. tibetana Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 73 (1899)
= Medicago sativa var. tumida Ser.; A. DC., Prodr. 2: 172 (1825)
= Medicago sativa var. varia (Martyn) Urb.; Verh. Bot. Ver. Prov. Brandenb. 15: 57 (1873)
= Medicago sativa var. versicolor (Wallr.) Ser.; DC., 173 (1825)
= Medicago sativa var. versicolor W.D.J.Koch; 316 (1839), nom. illeg.
= Medicago sativoides H.Lév.; Bull. Acad. Int. Geogr. Bot. 25: 50 (1915)
= Medicago schischkinii Sumn.; Animadvers. Syst. Herb. Univ. Tomsk., Nos. 1-2, p. 5 (1932)
= Medicago silvestris Fr.; 92 (1843)
= Medicago silvestris var. procumbens Fr.; 92 (1843)
= Medicago sylvestris var. erectiuscula Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 12 (1899)
= Medicago sylvestris var. pseudofalcata Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 15 (1899)
= Medicago ×alaschanica Vassilcz.; Notul. Syst. (Paris) Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS 12: 113 (1950)
= Medicago ×alatavica Vassilcz.; Acta Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS, Ser. 1, Fasc. 8, 53 (1949), sine descr. lat.
= Medicago ×annularis Besser; Prim. Fl. Galic. Austriac. 2: 127 (1809)
= Medicago ×caucasica Vassilcz.; Tr. Bot. Inst. Akad. Nauk S. S. S. R., ser. 1, 14: 49 (1949), et Bot. Mater. Gerb. Bot. Inst. Komarova Akad. Muck. SSSR 13: 141 (1950)
= Medicago ×cibiniensis Lerchenf. ex Schur; Enum. Pl. Transs. 151 (1866), nom. inval.
= Medicago ×cyclocarpa Hy; J. Bot. (Morot) 9: 431 (1895)
= Medicago ×grandiflora (Grossh.) Vassilcz.; Schischkin (ed.), Vol. Sci. Works Leningrad 1941-43: 101 (1946)
= Medicago ×hemicycla Grossh.; Papers Applied Sect. Tiflis Bot. Gard. 4: 147 (1925)
= Medicago ×hemicycla subsp. loriensis Sinskaya; Bull. Appl. Bot. Pl. Breed. 28(1): 14 (1948)
= Medicago ×hemicycla subsp. medidaghestanica Sinskaya; Bull. Appl. Bot. Pl. Breed. 28(1): 17 (1948)
= Medicago ×hemicycla var. leninacanica (Sinskaya) Vassilcz.; Acta Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS, ser. 1, 8: 26 (1949)
= Medicago ×hemicycla var. maxima Vassilcz.; Acta Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS, ser. 1, 8: 26 (1949)
= Medicago ×komarovii f. longifolia Vassilcz.; Acta Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS, ser. 1, 8: 56)
= Medicago ×komarovii var. cretacea Vassilcz.; Acta Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS, ser. 1, 8: 56)
= Medicago ×komarovii var. fructifera Vassilcz.; Trudy Bot. Inst. Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R., Ser. 1, Fl. Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 8: 56 (1949)
= Medicago ×komarovii var. incana Vassilcz.; Acta Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS, ser. 1, 8: 56)
= Medicago ×komarovii Vassilcz.; Vol. Sci. Works Leningrad 1941-43, ed. Schitchk., 101 (1946)
= Medicago ×kultiassovii Vassilcz.; Acta Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS, ser. 1, 8: 53 (1949)
= Medicago ×ladak Vassilcz.; J. Bot. URSS 31: No. 3, 27 (1946)
= Medicago ×lavrenkoi Vassilcz.; Bot. Mater. Gerb. Bot. Inst. Komarova Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R. 13: 141 (1950)
= Medicago ×lilacea Hy; Morot, J. Bot. 9: 432 (1895)
= Medicago ×media Pers.; Syn. 2: 856 (1806)
= Medicago ×media var. ochroleuca Celak.; Prodr. Fl. Böhmen: 659 (1875)
= Medicago ×media var. versicolor (Wallr.) Celak.; Prodr. Fl. Böhmen: 659 (1875)
= Medicago ×mirandana Sennen & Elías; Bol. Soc. Aragonesa Ci. Nat. 26: 89 (1927)
= Medicago ×ochroleuca Kult.; Del. Sem. Hort. Bot. Princ. Acad. Sci. URSS 1: 39 (1946)
= Medicago ×pauciflora Ledeb.; Fl. Ross. 1: 526 (1843)
= Medicago ×rivularis Vassilcz.; Vol. Sci. Works Leningrad 1941-43, ed. Schischk., 101 (1946)
= Medicago ×roborowskii Vassilcz.; Bot. Mater. Gerb. Bot. Inst. Komarova Akad. Nauk S. S. S. R. 12: 113 (1950)
= Medicago ×spuria Hy; J. Bot. (Morot) 9: 431 (1895)
= Medicago ×subdicycla (Trautv.) Vassilcz.; Bot. Zhurn. S.S.S.R. 31(3): 23 (1946)
= Medicago ×subfalcata Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 151 (1866)
= Medicago ×tetrahemicycla Sinskaya; Fl. Cult. Pl. USSR 13(1): 83 (1950)
= Medicago ×tianschanica var. agrenica Khass.; Dikor. lyutserny Srednei Assii: 62 (1972)
= Medicago ×tianschanica var. fruticetorum Vassilcz.; Kom., Fl. URSS 11: 153 (1945)
= Medicago ×tianschanica var. lavrenkoi (Vassilcz.) Khass.; Dikor. lyutserny Srednei Assii: 61 (1972)
= Medicago ×tianschanica var. oblonga Vassilcz.; Fl. USSR 11: 153 (1945)
= Medicago ×tianschanica var. obovata Vassilcz.; Fl. USSR 11: 153 (1945)
= Medicago ×tianschanica var. ochroleuca (Kult.) Khass.; Dikor. Iyutserny Srednei Assii: 24 (1972)
= Medicago ×tianschanica var. riparia Vassilcz.; Fl. USSR 11: 154 (1945)
= Medicago ×tianschanica var. rivularis (Vassilcz.) Khass.; Dikor. lyzttserny Srednei Assii: 71 (1972)
= Medicago ×tianschanica var. saxatilis Vassilcz.; Fl. USSR 11: 153 (1945)
= Medicago ×tianschanica Vassilcz.; J. Bot. URSS 25: 244 (1940) cf. Grossh. in Fl. URSS, ed. Kom. 11: 153 (1945)
= Medicago ×tibetana (Alef.) Vassilcz.; Vol. Sci. Works Leningrad 1941-43, ed. Schischk., 101 (1946)
= Medicago ×trautvetteri Sumn.; Animadvers. Syst. Herb. Univ. Tomsk., Nos. 1-2, p. 3 (1932)
= Medicago ×trautvetteri var. coenosa Vassilcz.; Acta Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS, ser. 1, 8: 25 (1949)
= Medicago ×trautvetteri var. mugodzharica Vassilcz.; Trudy Bot. Inst. Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R., Ser. 1, Fl. Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 8: 25 (1949)
= Medicago ×trautvetteri var. subdicycla (Vassilcz.) Khass.; Dikor. Iyutserny Srednei Assii: 28 (1972)
= Medicago ×trautvetteri var. tenera Vassilcz.; Acta Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS, ser. 1, 8: 25 (1949)
= Medicago ×varia f. ambigua (Trautv.) D.F.Cui; Adv. Pl. Taxon. Northwest China (eds. Z. Y. Yu, X. Y. Li & W. Z. Di): 47 (1992)
= Medicago ×varia f. rivularis (Vassilcz.) D.F.Cui; Adv. Pl. Taxon. Northwest China (eds. Z. Y. Yu, X. Y. Li & W. Z. Di): 47 (1992)
= Medicago ×varia f. schischkinii (Sumn.) D.F.Cui; Adv. Pl. Taxon. Northwest China (eds. Z. Y. Yu, X. Y. Li & W. Z. Di): 47 (1992)
= Medicago ×varia f. subdicycla (Trautv.) D.F.Cui; Adv. Pl. Taxon. Northwest China (eds. Z. Y. Yu, X. Y. Li & W. Z. Di): 47 (1992), as ´sudbicycla´
= Medicago ×varia f. tianschanica (Vassilcz.) D.F.Cui; Adv. Pl. Taxon. Northwest China (eds. Z. Y. Yu, X. Y. Li & W. Z. Di): 48 (1992)
= Medicago ×varia var. pseudofalcata Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 15 (1899)
= Medicago ×varia var. pseudoglomerata Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 15 (1899)
= Medicago ×varia var. pseudosativa Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 14 (1899)
= Medicago ×varia var. silvestris (Fr.) Gams; 1264 (1923)
= Medicago ×varia var. spuria (Hy) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 14 (1899)
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A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 18.4 (Feb. 11th, 2024)

Covering 354,025 accepted species,
9,095 hybrids, 47,879 accepted infraspecific taxa and 995,101 synonyms,
in total 1,406,100* names

[*about 25,000 dubious, "unplaced" names and about 4,000 invalid names (Art. 24.3) like "typicus" are deliberately omitted]


With complete, detailed distribution data (countries and regions) and literature references

Arranged in linear phylogenetic sequence reflecting true relationships

Fully searchable and continously updated

With 38,290 pictures of 15,532 species

Assembled through 40 years independently from other databases

In cooperation with Catalogue of Life