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V. 12.3
28.5.2021

257.0000 Family Fabaceae Lindl.; Edwards´ Bot. Reg. 22: ad t. 1845 (1836), nom. cons., nom. alt.
728 genera, ca. 22.300 spp. Phylogeny and new subfamily system: Azani et al. (LPWG) (2017)
Species listed in database: 22385; hybrids: 107
= Acaciaceae E.Mey., Comm. Pl. Afr. Austr. 1: 164 (1836)
= Aspalathaceae Martinov, Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 51 (1820)
= Astragalaceae Bercht. & J.Presl, Prir. Rostlin: 229 (1820)
= Bauhiniaceae Martinov, Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 67 (1820)
= Caesalpiniaceae R.Br., M. Flinders, Voy. Terra Austral. 2: 551 (1814), nom. cons.
= Cassiaceae Vest, Anleit. Stud. Bot.: 270, 291 (1818)
= Ciceraceae Steele, Handb. Field Bot.: xx, 63 (1847)
= Coronillaceae Martinov, Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 162 (1820)
= Cytisaceae Bercht. & J.Presl, Prir. Rostlin: 229 (1820)
= Dalbergiaceae Mart., Consp. Regn. Veg.: 34 (1835)
= Daleaceae Bercht. & J.Presl, Prir. Rostlin: 230 (1820)
= Detariaceae J.Hess, Uebers. Phan. Nat. Pfl.-Fam.: 46 (1832)
= Galedupaceae Martinov, Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 277 (1820)
= Geoffroeaceae Mart., Consp. Regn. Veg.: 34 (1835)
= Hedysaraceae Bercht. & J.Presl, Prir. Rostlin: 230 (1820)
= Inocarpaceae Zoll., Syst. Verz. 2: 117 (1854-1855)
= Lathyraceae Burnett, Outlines Bot.: 660, 1092, 1138 (1835)
= Lotaceae Oken, Lehrb. Naturgesch. 2(2.2): xv, 727 (1826)
= Mimosaceae R.Br., M. Flinders, Voy. Terra Austral. 2: 551 (1814), nom. cons.
= Papilionaceae Giseke, Prael. Ord. Nat. Pl.: 415 (1792), nom. cons., nom. alt.
= Phaseolaceae Mart., Consp. Regn. Veg.: 34 (1835)
= Robiniaceae Vest, Anleit. Stud. Bot.: 270, 291 (1818)
= Sophoraceae Bercht. & J.Presl, Prir. Rostlin: 229 (1820)
= Swartziaceae Bartl., Ord. Nat. Pl.: 231, 413 (1830)
= Tamarindaceae Martinov, Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 622 (1820)
= Trifoliaceae Bercht. & J.Presl, Prir. Rostlin: 230 (1820)
= Viciaceae Oken, Lehrb. Naturgesch. 2(2.2): xv (1826)
257.8303 Genus Medicago L.; Sp. Pl.: 778 (1753)
Distribution: Europe (mostly Mediterranean), tropical (3) and S-(1) Africa, W- and C- Asia eastward to China and Russian Far East, south to India, Australasia
Species listed in database: 84; hybrids: 1
= Diploprion Viv., Fl. Lib. Spec. 48, t. 19 (1824)
= Factorovskya Eig, Zionist Org. Inst. Agric. & Nat. Hist., Bull. 6, 11 (1927) (1 sp. E-Medit. east to Iran)
= Lupulina Noulet, Fl. Bassin Sous-pyren. 156 (1837)
= Medica Mill., Gard. Dict. Abridg. Ed. 4 (1754)
= Medicula Medik., Vorles. Churpf. Phys. Ges. 2: 386 (1787)
= Pseudomelissitus Ovcz., Rassulova & Kinzik., Fl. Tadzhikskoi SSR, 5: 629, 328 (1978)
= Radiata Medik., Phil. Bot. 1: 208 (1789)
= Rhodusia Vassilcz., Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast., 9: 204 (1972)
= Spirocarpus Opiz, Seznam, 93 (1852)
= Trifillium Medik., Vorles. Churph. Phys. Ges. 2: 383 (1787)
species :
Medicago arabica (L.) Huds.; Fl. Angl.: 288 (1762)
Name: Arabischer Schneckenklee (DE); Spotted Medick (EN)
Distribution: Belgium; Luxembourg; England; Channel Isl.; Germany [I]; Netherlands; Hungary; Romania; Ireland [I]; Switzerland [I]; Sweden [I]; Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Malta; Sicily; Italy; Serbia & Kosovo; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Slovenia [I]; Croatia [I]; Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Crimea; Ukraine; Estonia [I]; Japan [I] (Honshu [I], Shikoku [I]); Libya; Tunisia; Algeria; Morocco; European Russia; Northern Caucasus; Azerbaijan; Georgia [Caucasus]; Turkey (NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, N-Cyprus); Egypt (NW-coastal Egypt); European Turkey; Iraq; Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria); Azores [I] (Terceira [I], Faial [I]); Canary Isl. (Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Palma Isl.); USA [I] (Alabama [I], Arkansas [I], California [I], Connecticut [I], District of Columbia [I], Florida [I], Georgia [I], Illinois [I], Louisiana [I], Massachusetts [I], Maine [I], Missouri [I], Mississippi [I], Montana [I], North Carolina [I], New Jersey [I], Oklahoma [I], Oregon [I], Pennsylvania [I], Rhode Island [I], South Carolina [I], Tennessee [I], Texas [I], Virginia [I], Vermont [I], Washington State [I]); Canada [I] (British Columbia [I], New Brunswick [I]); China [I] (Fujian [I], Guangdong [I], Guangxi [I], Hainan [I], Hunan [I], Jiangsu [I]); Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); New Zealand [I]; Chatham Isl. [I]; Falkland Isl. [I]; Chile [I]; Juan Fdz. Isl. [I]; Argentina [I]; Bolivia [I]; Costa Rica [I]; Paraguay [I]; Uruguay [I]
10 GRB ire swe 11 BGM ger HUN LUX NET swi 12 BAL CIS COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL cro GRC ITA KRI MLT MNT NMA ROM SIC slv SRB TUE 14 est KRY RUS UKR 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 21 azo CNY 33 AZE GEO NCS 34 CYP EAI IRQ LEB SYR TUR 36 chi 38 jap 50 aus 51 ctm nzl 71 cdn 72 cdn 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa 80 cos 83 bol 85 arg cle jnf par uru 91 fal
Synonyms: hidden
= Medica arabica (L.) Medik., Vorles. Churpf. Phys. Ges. 2: 386 (1787)
= Medica arabica ssp. inermis Ricker, Bur. Pl. Industr. Bull., 267: 33 (1913)
= Medica echinata Lam., Fl. Fr. 2: 587 (1779)
= Medica maculata (Willd.) Bubani, Fl. Pyren. 2: 478 (1900)
= Medicago arabica (L.) All., Fl. Pedem., 1: 315 (1785), comb. superfl.
= Medicago arabica f. elegans Kozuharov, Bulg. Acad. Sci., 15: 74 (1965)
= Medicago arabica f. heptacycla Urb., Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb., 15: 74 (1873)
= Medicago arabica f. pastoralis Kozuharov, Bulg. Acad. Sci., 15: 152 (1965)
= Medicago arabica f. purpurea Burkart, Fl. Prov. Buenos Aires, 4(3a): 560 (1967)
= Medicago arabica ssp. inermis Ricker
= Medicago arabica var. longispina Rouy, Fl. France [Rouy & Foucaud] 5: 35 (1899)
= Medicago arabica var. maculata (Willd.) Maire, Cat. Pl. Maroc 2: 384 (1932)
= Medicago arabica var. minor Lojac., Malpighia, 20: 203 (1906)
= Medicago cordata Desr., Lam. Encyc. 3: 636 (1789)
= Medicago coronata Pall., Ind. Tour. ex M. Bieb. Fl. Taur.-Cauc., 2: 227 (1808), non (L.) Bartal. (1776)
= Medicago immaculata Schur, Verh. Naturf. Ver. Brünn, 15(2): 174 (1877)
= Medicago maculata Sibth., Fl. Oxon.: 232 (1794)
= Medicago maculata var. immaculata Schur, Verh. Naturr. Ver. Brünn, 15(2): 174 (1877)
= Medicago maculata var. tetraphylla Desp., Fl. Sarthe Moyenne: 51 (1838)
= Medicago maculata Willd., Sp. PI. 3: 1412 (1802) (nom. illeg.)
= Medicago oxalioides Schur, Verh. Naturf. Ver. Bruenn, 15(2): 174 (1877)
= Medicago polymorpha var. arabica L., Sp. Pl.: 780 (1753)
= Medicago talyschensis Latsch., Not. Syst. Geogr. Inst. Bot. Thbiliss., Fasc. 27, 76 (1969)
= Medicago tinei Lojac., Fed. Rep., 5: 27 (1908)
species :
Medicago arborea L.; Sp. Pl.: 778 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. arborea
Name: Strauch-Schneckenklee (DE); Tree Medick (EN)
Distribution: Portugal [I]; Spain [I]; Baleares [I]; France [I]; Sardinia [I]; Malta [I]; Sicily [I]; Italy; Albania; Croatia; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Algeria [I]; Morocco [I]; Tunisia [I]; Australia [I] (Queensland [I], Tasmania [I]); Ethiopia [I]; South Africa [I]; Chile [I]; Uruguay [I]; Turkey (W-Anatolia); Jordania (S-Jordania); China [I] (Hebei [I], Jiangsu [I]); Canary Isl. [I] (Hierro [I]); New Zealand [I]
12 bal fra por sar spa 13 ALB CRO GRC ITA KRI mlt sic 20 alg mor tun 21 cny 24 eth 27 saf 34 EAI JOR TUR 36 chi 50 aus 51 nzl 85 cle uru
Remarks: arborea agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Cytisus neapolitanus Stuart, L. Corresp. 1: 28 (1821)
= Medica arborea (L.) Mill., Gard. Dict. ed. VIII. n. 7 (1768)
= Medicago arborescens C.Presl, Fl. Sicul. p. 20 (1826)
= Rhodusia arborea (L.) Vassilcz., Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast., 9: 204 (1972)
= Trigonella arborea (L.) Vassilcz., Acta Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS, Ser. 1, Fasc. 10, 132 (1953)
subspecies :
subsp. strasseri (Greuter, Matthäs & Risse) Sobrino & Ceresuela; Portugal. Acta Biol. 19(1-4): 236 (2000)
Distribution: Crete
13 KRI
Synonyms: hidden
= Medicago strasseri Greuter, Matthäs & Risse, Willdenowia 12: 201 (1982)
species :
Medicago archiducis-nicolai Sirj.; Kew Bull., 270 (1928)
Distribution: China (Gansu, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Sichuan); NE-Tibet
36 CHI TIB
Synonyms: hidden
= Trigonella archiducis-nicolai (Sirj.) Vassilcz., Acta Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS, Ser. 1, Fasc. 10, 172 (1953)
= Kamiella archiducis-nicolai (Sirj.) Vassilcz., Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast., 16: 134 (1979)
= Melissitus archiducis-nicolai (Sirj.) Latsch., Zam. Sist. Geogr. Rast., 32: 18 (1976)
= Melilotoides archiducis-nicolai (Sirj.) Yakovlev, Rast. Tsentral. Azii, 8a: 86 (1988)
species :
Medicago arenicola (Hub.-Mor.) E.Small; Willdenowia 16: 433 (1987)
Distribution: Turkey (SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Trigonella arenicola Hub.-Mor., Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 29: 322 (1969)
= Trigonella halophila ssp. arenicola (Hub.-Mor.) Ponert, Feddes Repert. 83: 639 (1973)
species :
Medicago astroites (Fisch. & C.A.Mey.) Trautv.; Bull. Sci. Acad. lmp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg 8: 271 (1841)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia); Iran (EC-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran); Iraq (NW-Iraq, W-Iraq: Desert); Israel (Rift Valley, N-Negev Desert); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Lebanon (Antilebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, Jazira, NW-Syria, Jbel Druze); Armenia; Turkmenistan
32 TKM 33 ARM 34 IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Telis astroites (Fisch. & C.A.Mey.) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. 209 (1891)
= Trigonella astroites f. ainasiaca Sirj., Publ. Fac. Sci. Univ. Masaryk Brno, 128: 27 (1930)
= Trigonella astroites Fisch. & C.A.Mey., Index Sem. Hort. Petrop. 1: 40 (1835)
= Trigonella astroites var. subsessilis Zohary, Flora Palaestina, 2: 132 (1973)
= Trigonella sinuata Boiss., Diagn. Ser. I. 9: 18 (1849)
species :
Medicago bonarotiana Arcang.; Nuevo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 8: 5. (1876)
Name: Blanches Schneckenklee (DE); Blanche´s Medick (EN)
Distribution: Greece; Turkey (S-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Cyprus (C-Mountains, N-Cyprus); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel); Jordania (W-Jordania); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, C-Syrian Desert, Jbel Druze); Portugal [I]; Spain [I]; Italy [I]
12 por spa 13 GRC ita 34 CYP EAI ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR
Remarks: rotata agg. Frequently cited as ´M. blancheana´ which is the hybrid M. bonarotiana x rotata
Synonyms: hidden
= Medicago blancheana ssp. bonarotiana (Arcang.) Arcang., Comp. Fl. Ital.: 161 (1882)
= Medicago rotata ssp. bonarotiana (Arcang.) Ponert, Feddes Repert. 83: 639 (1973)
species :
Medicago cancellata M.Bieb.; Fl. Taur. Caucasus 2: 226 (1808)
Distribution: SE-European Russia; Northern Caucasus; Siberia (W-Siberia); Estonia [I]
14 est RUS 30 SIB 33 NCS
Synonyms: hidden
= Medicago ciscaucasica B.Fedtsch., Bot. Mater. Gerb. Bot. Inst. Komarova Akad. Nauk S. S. S. R. 8: 176 (1940)
species :
Medicago carica (Hub.-Mor.) E.Small; Willdenowia 16: 433 (1987)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl.; Turkey (SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia)
34 EAI TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Trigonella carica Hub.-Mor., Bauhinia 2: 299 (1965)
species :
Medicago carstiensis Wulfen; Jacq. Coll. 1: 86 (1786)
Distribution: Albania; Austria; Bulgaria; NE-Italy; Serbia & Kosovo; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Slovenia; Croatia; Macedonia; Greece
11 AUT 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA MNT NMA SLV SRB
Synonyms: hidden
= Medicago noccae Balb., Brugnat. Giorn. Fis. 8: (1815) 65, t. 2
= Medicago umbellata Hort. ex DC., Prod. 2: 178 (1825)
species :
Medicago caucasica Vassilcz.; Acta Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS ser. 1, 8: 49 (1949)
Distribution: Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, W-Iran); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Turkey; Azerbaijan (incl. Nachichevan); ?Georgia [Caucasus]; Northern Caucasus
33 AZE NCS 34 IRN IRQ TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Medicago sativa ssp. caucasica (Vassilcz.) Lubenetz
species :
Medicago ciliaris (L.) All.; Fl. Pedem. 1: 315 (1785)
Name: Gewimperter Schneckenklee (DE); Hairy Medick (EN)
Distribution: Algeria; Morocco; Tunisia; Madeira; Canary Isl. (Tenerife, Gran Canaria); Egypt; Portugal; Spain; Baleares; France; Italy; Sardinia; Sicily; Malta; Croatia; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Cyprus (E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus); Egypt (Desert Oases, Great Southwestern Desert, Nile Delta, Nile Valley, NW-coastal Egypt); Iraq (SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia, Western Desert); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Sinai peninsula (N-Sinai); Syria (coastal W-Syria)
12 BAL FRA POR SAR SPA 13 CRO GRC ITA KRI MLT SIC 20 ALG EGY MOR TUN 21 CNY MDR 34 CYP EAI IRQ ISR LEB SIN SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Medica ciliaris (L.) Medik., Vorles Chürpfälz. Phys.-Öcon. Ges., 2: 386 (1787), comb. superfl.
= Medicago intertexta ssp. ciliaris (L.) O.Bolòs & Vigo, But. Inst. Catalana Hist. Nat., 38 Bot., 1: 69 (1974)
= Medicago intertexta ssp. ciliaris (L.)Ponert, Feddes Repert. 83: 640 (1973)
= Medicago intertexta var. ciliaris (L.) Heyn, Scr. Hieros. 12: 129 (1963)
= Medicago polymorpha var. ciliaris L., Sp. PI. 780 (1753)
species :
Medicago citrina (Font Quer) Greuter; Willdenowia 16: 112 (1986)
Distribution: Spain (Islas Columbretes); Baleares (Ibiza)
12 BAL SPA
Remarks: arborea agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Medicago arborea var. citrina Font Quer, Mém. Mus. Cl. Nat. Barcelona, Ser. Bot. l(2): 7 (1924)
= Medicago arborea ssp. citrina (Font Quer) O.Bolòs & Vigo, Butll. Inst. Catalana Hist. Nat. 38: 69 (1974)
species :
Medicago constricta Durieu; Actes Soc. L. Bordeaux 29(2): 15 (1873)
Name: Zusammengezogener Schneckenklee (DE); Contracted Medick (EN)
Distribution: Bulgaria; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (Inner Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, N-Cyprus); Iran (S-Iran, W-Iran); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel); Lebanon (coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, W-Syrian Mountains)
13 BUL GRC KRI 34 CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Medicago rigidula ssp. constricta (Durieu) Ponert, Feddes Repert. 83: 640 (1973)
= Medicago globosa Urb., Verh. Bot. Ver. Prov. Brandenb., 15: 71 (1873), non J. Presl & C. Presl (1822)
species :
Medicago coronata (L.) Bertol.; Cat. Plante Siena: 61 (1776)
Name: Kronen-Schneckenklee (DE); Crown Medick (EN)
Distribution: Spain; France; Corsica; Sicily; Italy; Serbia & Kosovo; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Croatia; Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Libya; Turkmenistan; Turkey (Inner Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus); Egypt (Great Southwestern Desert, NW-coastal Egypt); Iran (EC-Iran, N-Iran, S-Iran, W-Iran); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, Judean Desert); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Sinai peninsula (N-Sinai); Syria (coastal W-Syria, C-Syrian Desert, Jazira, NW-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains)
12 COR FRA SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KRI MNT NMA SIC SRB 20 EGY LBY 32 TKM 34 CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SIN SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Diploprion medicaginoides Viv., Fl. Lib. Spec. 48, t. 19 (1824)
= Medica coronata (L.) Bubani, Fl. Pyr., 2: 476 (1899)
= Medica coronata (L.) Medik., Vorles. Churpf. Phys. Ges. 2: 386 (1787)
= Medicago coronata (L.) Desr., Lam., Encycl. 3: 634 (1792)
= Medicago coronata var. brevipedunculata Eig, Contr. Fl. Pal., 2: 22 (1927)
= Medicago coronata var. glandulosa (Koç) Kozuharov, Bulg. Acad. Sci., 15: 163 (1965)
= Medicago coronata var. minor Heldr. ex Halácsy, Consp. Fl. Graec. 1: 367 (1901)
= Medicago coronata var. multiflora Eig, Contr. Fl. Pal., 2: 22 (1927)
= Medicago coronata var. uncata Boiss., Fl. Or., sup. 165 (1888)
= Medicago coronata var. vermicularis (Ces.) Halácsy, Consp. Fl. Graec.,1: 367 (1901)
= Medicago polymorpha var. coronata L., Sp. Pl. 780 (1753)
= Medicago urbani Heldr. ex Boiss., Fl. Or. Suppl. (1888) 165
= Medicago vermicularis Ces., Friedrichsthal, Reise Neu-Griechenl.: 274 (1838)
species :
Medicago crassipes (Boiss.) E.Small; Willdenowia 16: 433 (1987)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iran (W-Iran); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon); Syria (NW-Syria)
34 IRN LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Telis crassipes (Boiss.) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. 209 (1891)
= Trigonella crassipes Boiss., Diagn. ser. 1, 2: 23 (1843)
species :
Medicago cretacea M.Bieb.; Fl. Taur.-Caucas. 2: 223 (1808)
Distribution: Crimea; Northern Caucasus (Krasnodar)
14 KRY 33 NCS
Synonyms: hidden
= Crimaea cretacea (M.Bieb.) Vassilcz., Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast., 16: 131 (1979)
= Medicago nummularia Stev., Besser Cat. Hort. Crem. (1816) 85
= Melilotoides cretacea (M.Bieb.) Soják, Sborn. Nár. Muz. Praze, 1982(1-2): 103 (1982)
= Melissitus cretaceus (M.Bieb.) Latsch., Trudy Tiflissk. Bot. Inst. 19: 13 (1958)
= Trigonella cretacea (M.Bieb.) Grossh., Kom., Fl. SSSR 11: 120 (1945)
species :
Medicago daghestanica Rupr. ex Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 2: 95 (1872)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus (Daghestan, Checheno-Ingushia); Azerbaijan
33 AZE NCS
species :
Medicago disciformis DC.; Cat. Pl. Hort. Monsp.: 124 (1813)
Name: Scheibenförmiger Schneckenklee (DE); Disk Medick (EN)
Distribution: E- & S-Spain; Baleares; France; Sicily; Italy; Serbia & Kosovo; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Croatia; Macedonia; Bulgaria; Albania; Libya; Turkey (N-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus); Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos)
12 BAL FRA SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KRI MNT NMA SIC SRB 20 LBY 34 CYP EAI TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Medica disciformis (DC.) Bubani, Fl. Pyren. 2: 477 (1900)
= Medicago coerulescens F.K.Mey., Haussknechtia Beih., 15: 86 (2011) [fide Pils (2016) only a colour variant]
species :
Medicago doliata Carmign.; Giorn. Pisano 12: 48 (1810)
Name: Geradfrüchtiger Schneckenklee (DE); Straight-Spined Medick (EN)
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Malta; Sicily; Italy; ?Bosnia & Hercegovina; ?Montenegro; Croatia; Greece; Crete; Tunisia; Algeria; Morocco; Turkey (Inner Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia); Cyprus (N-Cyprus); East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Israel (N-Israel); Lebanon (C-Lebanon); Syria (Jbel Druze)
12 BAL COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 CRO GRC ITA KRI MLT SIC 20 ALG MOR TUN 34 CYP EAI ISR LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Medicago aculeata Willd., Sp. Pl. 3: 1410 (1802) (non Gaertn., Fruct. Sem. Pl. 2: 349 (1791))
= Medicago doliata var. muricata (Benth.) Heyn, Davis. Fl. Turkey 3: 507 (1970)
= Medicago globulosa Desv., J. Bot. Agric. Appl., 3: 77 (1814)
= Medicago muricata Benth., Cat. Pl. Pyr. Bas-Languedoc: 102 (1826)
= Medicago neglecta Guss., Fl. Sicul. Prodr. 2: 575 (1828)-1832
= Medicago oliviformis Guss., Pl. Rar.: 390 (1826)
= Medicago oliviformis var. crassa Porta et al., Nuov. Giorn. Bot. Ital., 11: 249 (1879)
= Medicago turbinata f. dextorsa Asch., Cat. Hort. Berol. App. (1871)
= Medicago turbinata f. sinistrorsa Asch., Cat. Hort. Berol. App. (1871)
= Medicago turbinata ssp. aculeata (Willd.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 168 (1878)
= Medicago turbinata ssp. oliviformis (Guss.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 168 (1878)
= Medicago turbinata subvar. aculeata (Gaertn.) Nègre, Luzern. Maroc: 58 (1956)
= Medicago turbinata subvar. neglecta (Guss.) Nègre, Luzern. Maroc: 58 (1956)
= Medicago turbinata subvar. oliviformis (Guss.) Nègre, Luzern. Maroc: 58 (1956)
= Medicago turbinata var. aculeata (Willd.) Moris, Fl. Sardoa, 1: 445 (1837)
= Medicago turbinata var. cylindracea Nègre, Trav. Inst. Sci. Cherifien, Ser. Bot. 5: 57 (1956)
= Medicago turbinata var. inermis Asch., Cat. Hort. Berol. App. (1871)
= Medicago turbinata var. laevis Boiss., Voy. Bot. Esp.: 165 (1845)
= Medicago turbinata var. neglecta (Guss.) Batt., Fl. Alger., 2: 230)
= Medicago turbinata var. oliviformis (Guss.) Batt., Batt. & Trab.
= Medicago turbinata var. sphaerocarpos Nègre, Trav. Inst. Sci. Cherifien, Sdr. Bot. 5: 58 (1956)
species :
Medicago edgeworthii Sirj. ex Hand.-Mazz.; Österr. B. Zeits. 87: 123 (1938)
Distribution: Nepal; China (Qinghai, Sichuan, Yunnan); Tibet; India (Himachal Pradesh, Indian Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir); Pakistan (Swat, Murree, Hazara)
36 CHI TIB 40 IND NEP PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Medicago pubescens Sirj., Kew Bull. 1928: 27 (1928)
= Melilotoides pubescens (Edgew. ex Baker) Yakovlev, Rast. Tsentral. Azii, 8a: 88 (1988)
= Melissitus pubescens (Edgew. & Baker) Latsch., Zam. Sist. Geogr. Rast., 32: 20 (1976)
= Telis pubescens Kuntze, Rev. Gen. 209 (1891)
= Trigonella pubescens Edgew. ex Baker, Fl. Br. Ind. 2: 88 (1876)
species :
Medicago fischeriana (Ser.) Trautv.; Bull. Sci. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg 8: 271 (1841)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia); Iran (Iranian Aserbaijan, S-Iran, W-Iran); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq); Bulgaria; Crimea; Georgia [Caucasus]; Algeria [I]
13 BUL 14 KRY 20 alg 33 GEO 34 IRN IRQ TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Telis fischeriana (Ser.) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. 209 (1891)
= Telis subracemosa (Boiss.) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. 209 (1891)
= Trigonella fischeriana Ser., DC., Prodr. 2: 183 (1825)
= Trigonella flexuosa Fisch. ex M.Bieb., Fl. Taur. Caucasus 3: 515 (1819)
= Trigonella subracemosa Boiss., Fl. Orient. 2: 73 (1872)
species :
Medicago granadensis Willd.; Enum. Pl. Hort. Berol. 803 (1809)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Egypt (Great Southwestern Desert); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel); Jordania (W-Jordania); Syria (coastal W-Syria, NW-Syria, Jbel Druze); Spain [I]; France [I]
12 fra spa 20 EGY 34 ISR JOR SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Medicago aegagropila Desv., Journ. Bot. 3: (1814) 76
= Medicago galilaea Boiss., Diagn. ser. 1, 9: 10 (1849)
= Medicago galilaea var. incisa Post, Fl. Syr. Pol. Sin.: 229 (1883-1896)
= Medicago granatensis Willd. ex Ser., DC., Prodr., 2: 180 (1825)
= Medicago intertexta var. glandulosa Eig, Bull. Inst. Agr. Nat. Hist., 6: 23 (1927)
= Medicago pinnatifida Steud., Nom. ed. I. 514 (1821)
species :
Medicago grossheimii Vassilcz.; Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS, 12: 116 (1950)
Distribution: Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan
32 KGZ TZK
species :
Medicago halophila (Boiss.) E.Small; Willdenowia 16: 433 (1987)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Trigonella halophila Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 2, 5: 78 (1856)
= Telis halophila (Boiss.) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. 209 (1891)
species :
Medicago heldreichii E.Small; Willdenowia 16: 434 (1987), nom. nov.
Name: Heldreich´s alfalfa
Distribution: Turkey (SSW-Anatolia); USA [I] (Maryland [I])
34 TUR 78 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Trigonella polycarpa Boiss. & Heldr., Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. 9: 18 (1849) (non Medicago polycarpa Godr. in Gren. & Godr., Fl. France 1: 389 (1849)) (syn. subst.)
= Telis polycarpa (Boiss. & Heldr.) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. 209 (1891)
species :
Medicago heyniana Greuter; Candollea 25: 190 (1970)
Name: Heynes Schneckenklee (DE); Heyne´s Medick (EN)
Distribution: Greece (Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Karpathos, Rhodos); Turkey (SW-Anatolia)
13 GRC KRI 34 EAI TUR
species :
Medicago huberi E.Small; Willdenowia 16: 434 (1987)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, W-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Trigonella sirjaevii Hub.-Mor., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 46: 135 (1939) (non Medicago schirjaewii Hand.-Mazz.
= Melissitus sirjaevii (Hub.-Mor.) Latsch., Zam. Sist. Geogr. Rast., 32: 21 (1976)
species :
Medicago hybrida (Pourr.) Trautv.; Bull. Sci. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg 8: 271 (1841)
Name: Hybrid alfalfa
Distribution: France (Pyrenees, Corbieres); NE-Spain (C-Pyrenees); USA [I] (Indiana [I])
12 FRA SPA 75 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Medicago hybrida (Pourr.) Trautv., Bull. Sc. Acad. Petersb. 8: 271 (1841)
= Melissitus hybridus (Pourr.) Latsch., Zam. Sist. Geogr. Rast., 32: 19 (1976)
= Trigonella hybrida Pourr., Hist. & Mém. Acad. Roy. Sci. Toulouse 3: 331 (1788)
species :
Medicago hypogaea E.Small; Taxon 33: 633 (1984), nom. nov.
Name: Bodenfrüchtiger Schneckenklee (DE); Subterranean Medick (EN)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus); Egypt (NE-Egypt, NW-coastal Egypt); Iraq (W-Iraq: Desert); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, Negev Desert, N-Israel, Judean Desert); Lebanon (Antilebanon); Oman (Mascat & Oman); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai); Libya
20 EGY LBY 34 CYP EAI IRQ ISR LEB SIN TUR 35 OMA
Synonyms: hidden
= Factorovskya aschersoniana (Urb.) Eig, Bull. Inst. Agric. Nat. Hist- (Tel-Aviv) 6: 18 (1927)
= Trigonella aschersoniana Urb., Verh. Bot. Ver. Prov. Brandenb. 23: 67 (1882) (non Medicago aschersoniana Urb. 1873)
species :
Medicago ignatzii K.A.Lesins & I.Lesins; Gen. Medicago 131 (1979)
Distribution: Turkey (NE-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: papillosa agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Medicago papillosa var. macrocarpa Boiss., Fl. 2: 96 (1872)
= Medicago papillosa ssp. macrocarpa (Boiss.) Urb., Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 15: 56 (1873)
species :
Medicago intertexta (L.) Mill.; Gard. Dict, ed. 8: Medicago n 4. (1768)
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Malta; Sicily; Italy; Greece; Tunisia; Algeria; Morocco; Canary Isl. (Tenerife, Gran Canaria); Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I]); Uruguay [I]
12 BAL COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 GRC ITA MLT SIC 20 ALG MOR TUN 21 CNY 50 aus 85 uru
Synonyms: hidden
= Cochleata intertexta (L.) Medik., Vorles. Churf. Ges. 2: 385 (1787)
= Medica intertexta (L.) Medik., Vorles. Churpf. Phys. Ges. 2: 386 (1787)
= Medicago ciliaris ssp. echinus (DC.) Bonnier & Layens, Fl. Fr.: 75 (1894)
= Medicago crinita C.Presl, Fl. Sicul. 1: p. 20 (1826)
= Medicago echinata St.-Lag., Ann. Soc. Bot. Lyon, 7: 130 (1880)
= Medicago echinus DC., Lam. & DC. Fl. Franc. ed. 3, 4: 546 (1805)
= Medicago echinus var. tuberculata Moris, Fl. Sard., 1: 453 (1837)
= Medicago echinus var. variegata (Urb.) Ricker, McKee & Ricker, U. S. D. A. Bur. Pl. Ind. Bull., 267: 32 (1913)
= Medicago intertexta ssp. aculeata Urb., Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb., 15: 62 (1873)
= Medicago intertexta var. echinus (DC.) Urb., Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb., 15: 62 (1873)
= Medicago intertexta f. pilifera Urb., Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb., 15: 62 (1873)
= Medicago intertexta f. variegata Urb., Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb., 15: 62 (1873)
= Medicago intertexta var. echinus (DC.) Burnat, Fl. Alp. Marit., 2: 97 (1896)
= Medicago intertexta var. panormitana (Tineo ex Urb.) Urb., Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb., 15: 62 (1873)
= Medicago intertexta var. echinus (Lam.) Burnat, Fl. Alpes Marit. 2: 97 (1896)
= Medicago panormitana Tineo ex Urb., Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb. 15: (1873) 62
= Medicago polycycla Moris, Mem. Acc. Torin. 38: (1835) p. 31
= Medicago polymorpha var. intertexta L., Sp. Pl.: 780 (1753)
= Trifolium intertextum (L.) Wender. ex Steud., Nom. ed. II. 2: 706 (1808)
species :
Medicago isthmocarpa (Boiss. & Balansa) E.Small; Willdenowia 16:433 (1987)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Trigonella isthmocarpa Boiss. & Balansa, Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 2, 6: 44 (1859)
= Telis isthmocarpa Kuntze, Rev. Gen. 209 (1891)
species :
Medicago italica (Mill.) E.H.L.Krause; Deutschl. Fl. ed. 2., 9: 125 (1901)
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; Sardinia; Malta; Sicily; Italy; Corsica; Libya; Tunisia; Algeria; Morocco; Madeira (Porto Santo Isl.); Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Tenerife, La Gomera, La Palma Isl., Hierro); Cyprus; Israel (coastal W-Israel, N-Israel); Australia [I] (Western Australia [I])
12 COR GIB POR SAR SPA 13 ITA MLT SIC 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN 21 CNY MDR 34 CYP ISR 50 aus
Synonyms: hidden
= Medica italica Mill., Gard. Dict. ed. 8: Medica n 5 (1768)
= Medica tornata (L.) Medik., Vorles. Churpf. Phys. Ges. 2: 386 (1787)
= Medicago astroites Bertol., Fl. Ital. 8: 272 (1851), non (Fisch. & C. A. Mey.) Trautv. 1841
= Medicago calcar Lowe, Hook. Kew Journ. 8: 291 (1856)
= Medicago canariensis Benth., Webb & Berthel. Phyt. Canar. 3: 2. 2: t. 56 (1837)
= Medicago carstiensis ssp. belasicae Kozuharov, lzv. Bot. Inst. (Sofija) 15: 150 (1965)
= Medicago commutata Tod., Ind. Sem. Hort. Panorm. (1867) 23, 31
= Medicago corrugata Durieu, Duch. Rev. Bot. 1: 365 (1845)
= Medicago helix var. calcarata Lowe, Man. Fl. Mad., 1: 163 (1868)
= Medicago helix var. inermis Lowe, Man. Fl. Mad.: 164 (1868)
= Medicago helix var. laevis (Desf.) Ball, Spicil. Fl. Marocc. 412 (1878)
= Medicago helix var. spinosa (Guss.) Webb, Phytogr. Canar., 2: 56 (1845)
= Medicago helix var. spinulosa Moris, Fl. Sard.1: 438 (1837)
= Medicago helix Willd., Sp. Pl. 3: 1409 (1802)
= Medicago intermedia DC. ex Ser., DC., Prodr., 2: 174 (1825)
= Medicago italica (Mill.) Fiori, Fiori & Paol., Iconogr. Fl. Ital. ed. 2: 237 (1921), isonym
= Medicago italica (Mill.) Grande, Bull. Orto Bot. Regia Univ. Napoli, 5: 61 (1916), isonym
= Medicago italica ssp. corrugata (Durieu) Nègre, Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 50: 291 (1959)
= Medicago italica ssp. helix (Willd.) Emb. & Maire, Cat. Pl. Maroc: 1038 (1941)
= Medicago italica ssp. maroccana Nègre, Trav. Inst. Sci. Cherifien, Sér. Bot. 5: 44 (1956)
= Medicago italica ssp. obscura (Retz.) Maire & Weiller, Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 30: 272 (1939)
= Medicago italica ssp. striata (Bastard) Greuter & Burdet, Willdenowia 19(1): 32 (1989)
= Medicago italica ssp. tornata (L.) Emb. & Maire, Cat. Pl. Maroc: 1038 (1941)
= Medicago italica Steud., Nom. ed. II. 2: 109 (1808) nom. inval. pro syn.
= Medicago italica Steud., Nomencl. Bot. [Steud.], ed. 2., 2: 109 (1841) nom. inval. pro syn.
= Medicago italica var. aculeata (Guss.) Fiori, Nuova Fl. Anal. Italia 1: 832 (1925)
= Medicago italica var. helix (Willd.) Fiori, Fl. Ital., 1: 832 (1925)
= Medicago italica var. inermis (Urb.) Emb. & Maire, Cat. Pl. Maroc 4: 1038 (1941)
= Medicago italica var. laevis (Desf.) Maire & Weiller, Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 30: 272 (1939)
= Medicago italica var. lenticularis (Desr.) Nègre, Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 50: 292 (1959)
= Medicago italica var. muricata (L.) Fiori, Fl. Ital., 1: 833 (1925)
= Medicago italica var. obscura (Retz.) Nègre, Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 50: 291 (1959)
= Medicago italica var. spinosa (Guss.) Fiori, Nuova Fl. Anal. Italia 1: 833 (1925)
= Medicago italica var. tornata (L.) Fiori, Fl. Ital., 1: 833 (1925)
= Medicago laevis Desf., Fl. Atlant. 2: 213 (1799)
= Medicago laevis var. dicycla Maire, Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 14: 139 (1923)
= Medicago lenticularis Desr., Lam. Encyc. 3: 630 (1789)
= Medicago muricata (L.) Willd., Sp. Pl., 3(2): 1414 (1802)
= Medicago obscura f. dextrorsa Urb., Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb., 15: 66 (1873)
= Medicago obscura f. sinistrorsa Urb., Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb., 15: 66 (1873)
= Medicago obscura Retz., Observ. Bot. 1: 24 (1779)
= Medicago obscura ssp. helix (Willd.) Batt., Batt. & Trab., Fl. Algerie 1: 228 (1889)
= Medicago obscura ssp. tornata (L.) Batt., Batt. & Trab., Fl. Algerie 1: 228 (1889)
= Medicago obscura var. aculeata Guss., PI. Rar.: 315 (1826)
= Medicago obscura var. helix (Willd.) Fiori & Bég., Fl. Anal. Ital., 2: 35 (1900)
= Medicago obscura var. inermis (Lowe) Urb., Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb., 15: 66 (1873)
= Medicago obscura var. inermis Urb., Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb., 15: 66 (1873)
= Medicago obscura var. lenticularis (Desr.) Urb., Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 15: 66 (1873)
= Medicago obscura var. muricata (L.) Urb., Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb., 15: 67 (1873)
= Medicago obscura var. rugulosa Ser., DC., Prodr., 2: 174 (1825)
= Medicago obscura var. spinosa Guss., Fl. Sic., 2: 557 (1882)
= Medicago obscura var. tornata (L.) Batt., Fl. Algérie [Batt. & Trab.] Dicot.: 228 (1889)
= Medicago obscura var. tornata (L.) P.Fourn., Quatre Fl. Fr.: 547 (1936), isonym
= Medicago obscura var. triflora Ser., DC., Prodr. 2: 174 (1825)
= Medicago plumbea Bertol., Fl. Ital. 8: 267 (1850)
= Medicago polymorpha var. tornata L., Sp. Pl.: 780 (1753)
= Medicago striata Bastard, Desv., J. Bot. Appl. Agric., 3(1-2): 19 (1814)
= Medicago tornata (L.) Mill., Gard. Dict. ed. 8: Medicago n 3. (1768)
= Medicago tornata ssp. helix (Willd.) Ooststr. & Reichg., Bull. Jard. Bot. Bot 27: 671 (1957)
= Medicago tornata ssp. obscura (Retz.) Kerguélen, Bull. Assoc. Inform. Appl. Bot., 1: 183 (1994)
= Medicago tornata ssp. striata (Bastard) Kerguélen, Lejeunia, Nouv. Str., 120: 127 (19871)
= Medicago tornata var. aculeata (Guss.) Heyn, Annual Species Medicago: 89 (1963)
= Medicago tornata var. parvicarpa K.A.Lesins & I.Lesins, Gen. Medicago (Leguminosae): 159, 160 (1979), without latin descr.
= Medicago tornata var. rugulosa (Ser.) Heyn, Annual Species Medicago: 88 (1963)
= Medicago tornata var. spinulosa (Moris) Heyn, Annual Species Medicago: 87 (1963)
= Medicago tornata var. striata (Bastard) K.A.Lesins & I.Lesins, Genus Medicago: 159 (1979)
= Medicago tricycla DC., Adnot. Catal. Pl. Horti Monsp.: 125 (1813)
species :
Medicago laciniata (L.) Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. 8: Medicago n 5. (1768)
Name: Cutleaf medick
Distribution: South Africa (North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, N-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Lesotho; Namibia [I]; Spain [I]; France [I]; Corsica [I]; Italy [I]; Libya; Tunisia; Algeria (incl. Hoggar); Morocco; Botswana; Ethiopia; Kenya; Sudan; Ethiopia; Somalia; Tanzania; Soqotra; Israel (C-Israel, coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, Judean Desert, S-Negev Desert); Egypt (Eastern Desert, Great Southwestern Desert, NE-Egypt, Nile Delta, NW-coastal Egypt); Iran (S-Iran, W-Iran); Iraq (NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia, S-Iraq, W-Iraq: Desert); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Kuwait; Saudi Arabia (Dahana, Nafud Desert, Hejaz, Asir, Nejd Desert); Qatar; Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, N-Sinai, S-Sinai); Syria (C-Syrian Desert); Afghanistan (Nangarhar); Pakistan (Khyber, Kohat, Quetta, Rawalpindi, Baluchistan); India (Gujarata, Indian Punjab, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh); Madeira (Madeira Isl.); Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro, La Palma Isl.); Estonia [I]; Ukraine [I]; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I]); USA [I] (Louisiana [I], Massachusetts [I], Maine [I], South Carolina [I]); Canada [I] (Ontario [I])
12 cor fra spa 13 ita 14 est ukr 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 21 CNY MDR 24 ETH SOC SOM SUD 25 KEN TAN 27 BOT LES nam SAF 34 AFG IRN IRQ ISR JOR SIN SYR 35 KUW QAT SAU 40 IND PAK 50 aus 72 cdn 75 usa 78 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Medicago aschersoniana Urb., Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 15: 77 (1873)
= Medicago aschersoniana var. brachyacantha (Boiss.) Urb., Verh. Bot. Ver. Prov. Brandenb., 15: 77 (1873)
= Medicago aschersoniana var. macrantha Urb., Verh. Bot. Ver. Prov. Brandenb., 15: 78 (1873)
= Medicago diffusa Poir., Lam., Encycl. Suppl. 3: 524 (1814)
= Medicago laciniata ssp. aschersoniana (Urb.) Thell., Vierteljahrsschr. Zürich, 64: 755 (1919)
= Medicago laciniata ssp. brevispina Arcang., Comp. Fl. Ital.: 165 (1882)
= Medicago laciniata ssp. schimperiana P.Fourn., Quatre Fl. France: 545 (1936)
= Medicago laciniata var. brachyacantha Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 1(9): 10 (1849)
= Medicago laciniata var. brachycantha Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Nov. Ser. 1(9): 10 (1849)
= Medicago laciniata var. brevidenticulata Candargy, Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr., 45: 185 (1898)
= Medicago laciniata var. brevispina Benth., Cat. Pl. Pyrenes: 104 (1826)
= Medicago laciniata var. diffusa (Poir.) F.M.Vázquez, Folia Bot. Extremadur. (2009)
= Medicago laciniata var. integrifolia Godr., Fl. Iuven., ed.2: 74 (1854)
= Medicago laciniata var. integriuscula Cusin & Ansb., Herb. Fl. Fr.,6 , t. 1043 (1870)
= Medicago laciniata var. intermedia Nègre, Trav. Inst. Sci. Cherifien, Ser. Bot. 5: 74 (1956) [nom. inval.]
= Medicago laciniata var. leonis Sennen & Mauricio, Diagn. Nouv. Pl. Espagne & Maroc: 231 (1951)
= Medicago laciniata var. longispina Benth., Cat. Pl. Pyrenees: 104 (1826)
= Medicago laciniata var. micrechinus Maire, Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 24: 208 (1932)
= Medicago laciniata var. pilosa Nábelek, Publ. Fac. Sci. Univ. Masaryk Brno, 35: 68 (1923)
= Medicago laciniata var. saharae Nègre, Compt.-Rend. Seances Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc 7: 90 (1951)
= Medicago leonis Sennen & Mauricio, nom. nud.] [Cat. Fl. Rif Orient.: 146 (1933)
= Medicago monantha Blatt., I. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc., 36: 969 (1933), non (C. A. Mey.) Trautv.
= Medicago polymorpha var. laciniata L., Sp. Pl.: 781 (1753)
= Medicago pseudogranatensis Blatt., Journ. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 36: 969 (1933)
= Medicago schimperiana Hochst. ex Boiss., Fl. Orient. 2: 104 (1872)
species :
Medicago lanigera Winkl. & B.Fedtsch.; Bull. Jard. Bot. Petersb. 5: 41 (1905)
Distribution: Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Afghanistan (Baghlan, Balkh, Qunduz, Samangan)
32 TKM TZK UZB 34 AFG
species :
Medicago laxispira Heyn; Rech. fil., Fl. Iranica 157: 266, t. 166 (1984)
Distribution: Iraq (NE-Iraq)
34 IRQ
species :
Medicago littoralis Rohde ex Loisel.; Not. Pl. Fl. France: 118 (1810)
Name: Küsten-Schneckenklee (DE); Shore Medick (EN)
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Malta; Sicily; Italy; Montenegro; Croatia; Albania; Bulgaria; Libya; Tunisia; Algeria; Morocco; Northern Caucasus (Krasnodar); Azerbaijan; Georgia [Caucasus]; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I]); Turkey (N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Egypt (Desert Oases, Eastern Desert, Great Southwestern Desert, NE-Egypt, NW-coastal Egypt, SE-Egypt); Iran (S-Iran); Israel (coastal W-Israel, N-Negev Desert); Jordania (W-Jordania); Lebanon (coastal W-Lebanon); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, N-Sinai); Syria (coastal W-Syria); Madeira (Madeira Isl., Porto Santo Isl.); Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro); USA [I] (New Jersey [I])
12 BAL COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BUL CRO GRC ITA KRI MLT MNT SIC 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 21 CNY MDR 33 AZE GEO NCS 34 CYP EAI IRN ISR JOR LEB SIN SYR TUR 50 aus 75 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Medica littoralis (Rohde ex Loisel.) Bubani, Fl. Pyren. 2: 476 (1900)
= Medicago arenaria Ten., Cat. Pl. Hort. Neapol. App. 1: 66 (1815)
= Medicago braunii Gren. & Godr., Fl. Fr. 1: 393 (1849)
= Medicago cylindracea DC., Cat. Pl. Hort. Monsp.: 123 (1813)
= Medicago gracilis Biv., Tod. Ind. Sem. Hort. Bot. Panorm.: 26 (1859)
= Medicago littoralis f. dextrorsa Urb., Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb., 15: 70)
= Medicago littoralis f. sinistrorsa Urb., Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb., 15: 70)
= Medicago littoralis ssp. braunii (Godr.) Bonnier & Layens, Fl. Fr.: 75 (1894)
= Medicago littoralis ssp. breviseta (DC.) Urb., Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb., 15: 70 (1873)
= Medicago littoralis ssp. cylindracea (DC.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 167 (1878)
= Medicago littoralis ssp. inermis (Moris) Urb., Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb., 15: 69 (1873)
= Medicago littoralis ssp. longiseta (DC.) Urb., Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb., 15: 70 (1873)
= Medicago littoralis ssp. tricycla (DC.) Laínz, Anales Inst. Forest. lnvest. 12: 26 (1968)
= Medicago littoralis var. breviseta DC., Prodr. [DC. & Lam.] 2: 177 (1825)
= Medicago littoralis var. cylindracea (DC.) Urb., Verh. Bot. Ver. Branclenb., 15: 70 (1873)
= Medicago littoralis var. depressa Urb., Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb., 15: 70 (1873)
= Medicago littoralis var. dextrorsa Durieu, Expl. Sci. Alger., Atlas: 39 (1855)
= Medicago littoralis var. inermis Moris, Fl. Sard. 1: 439 (1837)
= Medicago littoralis var. longeaculeata Moris, Fl. Sard., 1: 440 (1837)
= Medicago littoralis var. longiseta DC., Fl. Frarx. [Lam. & DC.] 5: 568 (1815)
= Medicago littoralis var. pentacycla Urb., Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb., 15: 70 (1873)
= Medicago littoralis var. rouyana Fiori, Nuova Fl. Anal. Italia 1: 834 (1925)
= Medicago littoralis var. rugulosa Batt., Fl. Algérie [Batt. & Trab.] Dicot.: 229 (1889)
= Medicago littoralis var. subinermis (Bertol.) Boiss., Fl. Orient., 2: 99 (1872)
= Medicago nigra var. tricycla (Godr.) O.Bolòs & Vigo, But. Inst. Catalana Hist. Nat., 38 Bot., 1: 70 (1974)
= Medicago pusilla Viv., Pl. Aegypt. Dec. 4: 14 (1830)
= Medicago rugulosa Batt., Batt. & Trab. Fl. de l´Alger. Dicot. 239 (1889)
= Medicago subinermis Bertol., Fl. ltal. 8: 290 (1852)
= Medicago tetracycla Sennen, Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr., 68: 405 (1921), non DC. (1813)
= Medicago tricycla DC., Cat. Pl. Hort. Monsp.: 125 (1813)
= Medicago trigyra Sennen, Bol. Soc. Iber. Ci. Nat., 26: 88 (1927)
= Medicago truncatula ssp. littoralis (Loisel.) Ponert, Feddes Repert. 83: 639 (1973)
species :
Medicago lupulina L.; Sp. Pl.: 779 (1753)
Name: Hopfenklee (DE); Black Medick (EN)
Distribution: Austria; Belgium; Luxembourg; England; Channel Isl.; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Denmark; Faeroe Isl.; Finland; Germany; Ireland; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Netherlands; Hungary; Iceland; Norway; Poland; Romania; Sweden; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; N-European Russia; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; W-European Russia; Belarus; Ukraine; Moldova; Mongolia; Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Malta; Sicily; Italy; Serbia & Kosovo; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Slovenia; Croatia; Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Libya; Tunisia; Algeria; Morocco; Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia [Caucasus]; Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Uzbekistan; Turkmenistan; Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Russian Far East [I]; China (throughout); Taiwan; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, N-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Egypt (Desert Oases, NW-coastal Egypt); European Turkey; Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, S-Iran, W-Iran); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Saudi Arabia (Hejaz, Asir); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, W-Syrian Mountains); Afghanistan (Wakhan, Baghlan, Balkh, Bamyan, Ghazni, Herat, Kabul, Kunar / Nuristan, Laghman, Nangarhar, Paktia / Khost, Parwan, Samangan, Takhar); Ethiopia; Pakistan; India (Jammu & Kashmir, Bihar, Delhi, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Indian Punjab, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal); Nepal; Philippines [I]; Azores (Santa Maria Isl., Sao Miguel Isl., Terceira, Graciosa, Sao Jorge, Pico, Faial, Flores Isl.); Madeira (Madeira Isl.); Canary Isl. (La Palma Isl., Hierro, Tenerife, Gran Canaria); Hawaii [I] (Midway Isl. [I], Kauai [I], Oahu [I], Maui [I], Hawaii Isl. [I]); Alaska [I]; USA [I] (Alabama [I], Arkansas [I], Arizona [I], California [I], Colorado [I], Connecticut [I], District of Columbia [I], Delaware [I], Florida [I], Georgia [I], Iowa [I], Idaho [I], Illinois [I], Indiana [I], Kansas [I], Kentucky [I], Louisiana [I], Massachusetts [I], Maryland [I], Maine [I], Michigan [I], Minnesota [I], Missouri [I], Mississippi [I], Montana [I], North Carolina [I], North Dakota [I], Nebraska [I], New Hampshire [I], New Jersey [I], New Mexico [I], Nevada [I], New York [I], Ohio [I], Oklahoma [I], Oregon [I], Pennsylvania [I], Rhode Island [I], South Carolina [I], South Dakota [I], Tennessee [I], Texas [I], Utah [I], Virginia [I], Vermont [I], Washington State [I], Wisconsin [I], West Virginia [I], Wyoming [I]); Canada [I] (Alberta [I], British Columbia [I], Manitoba [I], New Brunswick [I], Newfoundland [I], Nova Scotia [I], N-Territories [I], Ontario [I], Prince Edward Isl. [I], Québec [I], Saskatchewan [I]); Greenland [I]; St. Pierre et Miquelon [I]; Japan [I]; Korea [I]; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); Peru [I]; South Africa [I] (widespread); New Zealand [I]; Chatham Isl. [I]; Haiti [I]; Dominican Republic [I]; Bolivia [I]; Mexico [I]; Cuba [I]; Ecuador [I]; Bahamas [I]; Kenya [I]; Somalia [I]; Tanzania [I]; Lord Howe Isl. [I]; Norfolk Isl. [I]; Bonin Isl. [I] (Chichijima [I]); Falkland Isl. [I]; Chile [I]; Juan Fdz. Isl. [I]; Argentina [I]; Paraguay [I]; Uruguay [I]; Brazil [I]; Colombia [I]; Honduras [I]; Mauritius [I]; Réunion [I]
10 DEN FIN FOR GRB ICE IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 BAL CIS COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KRI MLT MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SRB TUE 14 BLR EST LAT LIT MLD RUS UKR 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 21 AZO CNY MDR 24 ETH som 25 ken tan 27 saf 29 mau reu 30 SIB 31 rfe 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR LEB SYR TUR 35 SAU 36 CHI 37 MON 38 jap kor oga TAI 40 IND NEP PAK 42 phi 50 aus lhi nfk 51 ctm nzl 63 haw 70 ask cdn gnl 71 cdn 72 cdn spm 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa 79 mex 80 hon 81 bah cub his 82 clm 83 bol ecu per 84 bra 85 arg cle jnf par uru 91 fal
Synonyms: hidden
= Lupularia parviflora Opiz, Seznam, 61 (1852)
= Lupulina aurata Noulet, Fl. Bass. Sous-Pyren.: 157 (1837)
= Medica lupulina (L.) Lam., Fl. Francisc. 101 (1894), comb. superfl.
= Medica lupulina (L.) Scop., Fl. Carn. ed. II. 2: 88 (1772)
= Medicago apennina J.Woods, Tourist´s Flora: 84 (1850)
= Medicago breviflora Gilib., Fl. Lituan. 2: 95 (1782)
= Medicago canescens Menyh., Kal. Vid. Noven.: 61 (1877)
= Medicago corymbifera W.L.E.Schmidt ex Schltdl., Linnaea, 4: (1829) 74
= Medicago cupaniana Guss., Fl. Sicul. Syn. 2: 362 (1844)
= Medicago eriocarpa Rouy, Fl. France [Rouy & Foucaud] 5: 25 (1899)
= Medicago lupulina f. corymbosa (Ser.) Urb., Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb., 15: 52 (1873)
= Medicago lupulina f. leiocarpa Urb., Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb., 15: 52 (1873)
= Medicago lupulina f. polystachya (Ser.) Urb., Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb.,: 52 (1873)
= Medicago lupulina f. stipularis (Wallroth) Urb., Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb., 15: 52 (1873)
= Medicago lupulina f. subglabra Pau, Apuntes Fl. Olmedo: 78 (1908)
= Medicago lupulina ssp. cupaniana (Guss.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 170 (1878)
= Medicago lupulina ssp. eurasiatica Braun-Blanq., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 77: 288 (1930) (nom. inval.)
= Medicago lupulina ssp. jalasii Rothm., Feddes Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg., 67: 5 (1963)
= Medicago lupulina var. axilis Merino, Fl. Galicia, 1: 377 (1905)
= Medicago lupulina var. canescens Moris, Fl. Sard. 1: 436 (1837)
= Medicago lupulina var. cinerea Alleiz., Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 12: 64 (1921)
= Medicago lupulina var. corymbosa Ser., DC., Prodr., 2: 172 (1825)
= Medicago lupulina var. cupaniana (Guss.) Boiss., Fl. Orient. 2: 105 (1872)
= Medicago lupulina var. dzumgalensis Ubuk., Fl. Kirgizkoi SSR, 7: 156 (1957)
= Medicago lupulina var. eriocarpa (Rouy & Foucaud) Maire, Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 29: 413 (1938)
= Medicago lupulina var. eriocarpa (Rouy) P.D.Sell, Fl. Gr. Brit. Ireland (2009), isonym
= Medicago lupulina var. glandulosa Neilr., Fl. N.-Oesterr.: 934 (1893)
= Medicago lupulina var. perennans Halácsy, Consp. Fl. Graec., 1: 362 (1901)
= Medicago lupulina var. polystachya Ser., DC., Prodr., 2: 172 (1825)
= Medicago lupulina var. stipularis (Wallroth) Hallier et al., Koch, Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv., ed. 3: 534 (1891)
= Medicago lupulina var. unguiculata Ser., DC., Prodr., 2: 172 (1825)
= Medicago lupulina var. vassilczenkoi Ubuk., Fl. Kirgizkoi SSR, 7: 156 (1957)
= Medicago lupulina var. vulgaris Koch, Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv.: 161 (1935)
= Medicago mniocarpa Wallr. ex Ser., DC. Prod. 2: 172 (1825)
= Medicago reniformis Dulac, Fl. Hautes-Pyr. 278 (1867)
= Medicago stipularis Wallr., Beitr. Fl. Hercyn. 260 (1840)
= Medicago willdenowii Mérat, Nouv. Fl. Env. Paris: 296 (1812) non Boenn. 1834
= Medicula lupulina (L.) Medik., Vorles. Churpf. Phys. Ges. 2: 386 (1787)
= Medicula lupulina ssp. jalasii (Rothm.) Holub, Folia Geobot. Phytotax., 18(2): 205 (1983)
= Medicula lupulina ssp. willdenowiana (Koch) Holub, Folia Geobot. Phytotax., 18(2): 205 (1983)
= Melilotus lupulinus (L.) Trautv., Bull. Sci. Acad. Petersb. 8: 271 (1841) non Lam. 1779
= Trifolium lupulina (L.) Savi, Fl. Pis., 2: 171 (1798)
= Trigonella mniocarpa Wallr. ex DC., Prod. 2: 172 (1825)
variant :
var. willdenowiana W.D.J.Koch; Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv., 1: 161 (1835)
Distribution: within distribution of nominate form
Synonyms: hidden
= Medicago cupaniana var. glandulosa Rouy, Fl. Fr., 5: 9 (1899)
= Medicago lupulina f. willdenowii (Boenn.) Urb., Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb., 15: 52 (1873)
= Medicago lupulina ssp. willdenowiana (Boenn.) Soják, Sborn. När. Mus. v Praze, Rada B, Prir. Vedy, 19: 155 (1963)
= Medicago lupulina ssp. willdenowii (Mérat) Arcang., Comp. Fl. Ital.: 159 (1882)
= Medicago lupulina var. glanduligera Neuman, Sveriges Fl.: 331 (1901)
= Medicago lupulina var. glandulosa Neilr., Fl. N.-Oesterr.: 934 (1859)
= Medicago lupulina var. willdenowii (Boenn.) Asch., Fl. Brandenb., 1: 140 (1864)
= Medicago willdenowii Boenn., Prodr. Fl. Monast. Westphal.: 226 (1824), non Mérat (1812)
= Medicula lupulina ssp. willdenowiana (Boenn.) Holub, Folia Geobot. Phytotax., 18(2): 204 (1983)
species :
Medicago makranica Heyn; Fl. Iran., 157: 259 (1984)
Distribution: Pakistan
40 PAK
species :
Medicago marina L.; Sp. Pl.: 779 (1753)
Name: Meeres-Schneckenklee (DE); Sea Medick (EN)
Distribution: Romania; Canary Isl. (Tenerife); Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Malta; Sicily; Italy; Montenegro; Croatia; Albania; Bulgaria; Crimea; Libya; Tunisia; Algeria; Morocco; Northern Caucasus (Krasnodar); Georgia [Caucasus]; Turkey (N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Egypt (NW-coastal Egypt); European Turkey; Israel (coastal W-Israel); Lebanon (coastal W-Lebanon); Sinai peninsula (N-Sinai); Syria (coastal W-Syria)
12 BAL COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BUL CRO GRC ITA KRI MLT MNT ROM SIC TUE 14 KRY 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 21 CNY 33 GEO NCS 34 CYP EAI ISR LEB SIN SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Medica marina (L.) Lam., Fl. Fr. 2: 584 (1779)
= Medica maritima Bubani, Fl. Pyren. 2: 475 (1900)
= Medica tomentosa Moench, Meth. Suppl. 38 (1802)
= Medicago marina f. tuberculata (Rouy) Asch. & Graebn., Syn., 6(2): 404 (1906)
= Medicago marina var. inermis Rouy, Fl. Fr., 5: 17 (1899)
= Medicago marina var. tuberculata Rouy, Fl. Fr., 5: 17 (1899)
= Medicago maritima Pall. ex Georgi, Beschr. Russ. Reich., 3(4): 1197 (1800)
= Medicago ×sabulensis H.Lév., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg., 7: 200 (1909)
species :
Medicago minima (L.) L.; Fl. Angl.: 21 (1754)
Name: Zwerg-Schneckenklee (DE); Burr Medick (EN)
Distribution: Austria; Belgium; Luxembourg; England; Channel Isl.; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Denmark; Germany; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Netherlands; Hungary; Poland; Romania; Sweden; Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Malta; Sicily; Italy; Serbia & Kosovo; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Slovenia; Croatia; Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Crimea; Belarus [I]; Estonia [I]; Moldova; Ukraine; E-European Russia; Libya; Tunisia; Algeria; Morocco; Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Georgia [Caucasus]; Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Uzbekistan; Turkmenistan; Russian Far East [I]; China (Anhui, Gansu, Hebei, Henan, Hubei, Jiangsu, Liaoning, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Zhejiang); Japan [I]; Korea [I]; Pakistan (Chitral, Rawalpindi, Hazara); India (Indian Punjab, Jammu & Kashmir, Poonch); Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); Djibouti; Ethiopia; Sudan; Eritrea; Somalia; Soqotra; Chile [I]; Argentina [I]; Uruguay [I]; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Egypt (Great Southwestern Desert, NW-coastal Egypt); Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, S-Iran, W-Iran); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, Judean Desert); Jordania (W-Jordania); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Saudi Arabia (Asir); Sinai peninsula (S-Sinai); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, Jazira, W-Syrian Mountains); Yemen (W-Yemen); Afghanistan (Badakshan, Kabul, Laghman, Nangarhar, Qunduz, Takhar); Madeira (Madeira Isl., Ilhas Desertas, Porto Santo Isl.); Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro, La Palma Isl.); Hawaii [I] (Kauai [I], Lanai [I], Maui [I], Hawaii Isl. [I]); USA [I] (Alabama [I], Arkansas [I], Arizona [I], California [I], Connecticut [I], Florida [I], Kansas [I], Louisiana [I], Massachusetts [I], Maryland [I], Michigan [I], Missouri [I], Mississippi [I], North Carolina [I], New Jersey [I], New York [I], Oklahoma [I], Oregon [I], South Carolina [I], Tennessee [I], Texas [I], Virginia [I], Washington State [I]); New Zealand [I]
10 DEN GRB SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 BAL CIS COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KRI MLT MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SRB 14 blr est KRY MLD RUS UKR 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 21 CNY MDR 24 DJI ERI ETH SOC SOM SUD 31 rfe 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM GEO NCS 34 AFG CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SIN SYR TUR 35 SAU YEM 36 CHI 38 jap kor 40 IND PAK 50 aus 51 nzl 63 haw 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa 85 arg cle uru
Synonyms: hidden
= Medica hirsuta (L.) Bubani, Fl. Pyren. 2: 477 (1900)
= Medicago arabica var. echinata Weston, Bot. Univ., 3: 481 (1772)
= Medicago brachyacantha A.Kern., Österr. Bot. Zeitschr. 18: 386 (1868)
= Medicago elongata (Rochel) Simonk. ex A.Kern., Sched. Fl. Exsicc. Austr.-Hung., 6: 4 (1893)
= Medicago graeca Hornem., Hort. Hafn. 2: 728 (1815)
= Medicago hirsuta (L.) All., Fl. Pedem. 1: 315 (1785), isonym
= Medicago hirsuta (L.) Bartal., Cat. Pl. Siena: 61 (1776)
= Medicago hirsutissima Cirillo ex Steud., Nom. ed. II. 2: 109 (1808)
= Medicago inconspicua Nevski, Trudy Bot. Inst. Akad. Nauk S. S. S. R., ser. 1, Fl. Sist. Vyss. Rast., 4: 250 (1937)
= Medicago lineata Tausch, Flora, 14: 210 (1831)
= Medicago meyeri Gruner, Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 40(2)- 416 (1867)
= Medicago minima (L.) Bartalini, Cat. Pl. Siena: 61 (1776) isonym
= Medicago minima f. elongata (Rochel) Asch. & Graebn., Syn., 6(2): 438 (1906)
= Medicago minima f. mollissima (Roth) Urb., Verh. Bot. Ver. Prov. Brandenb., 15: 78 (1873)
= Medicago minima f. pubescens (Webb) Urb., Verh. Bot. Ver. Prov. Brandenb., 15: 78 (1873)
= Medicago minima f. pulchella (Lowe) Kozuharov, Fl. Nar. Republ. Bulgariya, 6: 317 (1976)
= Medicago minima f. viscida (W.D.J.Koch) Urb., Verh. Bot. Ver. Prov. Brandenb., 15: 78 (1873)
= Medicago minima f. vulgaris (Urb.) Morariu, Fl. Rom., 5: 136 (1957)
= Medicago minima ssp. brevispina (Benth.) Ponert, Feddes Repert. 83: 639 (1973)
= Medicago minima ssp. ononidea Rouy, Fl. France 5: 40 (1899)
= Medicago minima ssp. pulchella (Lowe) Arcang., Comp. Fl. Ital.: 165 (1882)
= Medicago minima ssp. pulchella (Lowe) Menezes, Fl. Arch. Madeira: 45 (1914), isonym
= Medicago minima ssp. recta (Desf.) Malag., Fl. Tarragona Pl. Vasc.: 18 (1971)
= Medicago minima subvar. pubescens (Webb) Rouy, Fl. Fr., 5: 41 (1899)
= Medicago minima var. brachyodon Rchb., Fl. Germ. Excurs., 2: 502 (1832)
= Medicago minima var. brevispina Benth., Engl. Bot.,: tab. 2635 (1826)
= Medicago minima var. brevispina Lowe, Man. Fl. Madeira 1: 166 (1862), isonym
= Medicago minima var. canescens Ser., DC., Prodr., 2: 178 (1825)
= Medicago minima var. compacta Neyraut, Bull. Soc. Linn. Bordeaux 52: 108 (1897)
= Medicago minima var. elongata Rochel, Pl. Banat. Rar.: 51 (1828)
= Medicago minima var. exilis Lange, Pag. Pl. Hisp., 4: 167 (1866)
= Medicago minima var. graeca (Hornem.) Candargy, Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr., 45: 192 (1898)
= Medicago minima var. hirsuta (All.) Fiori, Nuova Fl. Anal. Italia 1: 837 (1925)
= Medicago minima var. intermedia Kozuharov, Bldg. Acad. Sci., 15: 161 (1965)
= Medicago minima var. longiseta DC. ex Ser., DC., Prodr., 2: 178 (1825)
= Medicago minima var. longiseta Ser., Prodr. [DC. & Lam.] 2: 178 (1825)
= Medicago minima var. longispina Lowe, Man. Fl. Mut., 1: 136 (1868)
= Medicago minima var. maior Moris, Fl. Sard., 1: 451 (1837)
= Medicago minima var. mollissima (Roth) W.D.J.Koch, Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv.: 164 (1835)
= Medicago minima var. pubescens Webb in Webb & Berthel., Phytogr. Can., 2: 65 (1842)
= Medicago minima var. pulchella (Lowe) Lowe, Man. Fl. Madeira 1: 166 (1862)
= Medicago minima var. recta (Desf.) Burnat, Fl. Alpes Marit. 2: 109 (1896)
= Medicago minima var. stenophylla Clavaud, Fl.: 263 (1884)
= Medicago minima var. viscida W.D.J.Koch, Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv.: 164 (1835)
= Medicago minima var. vulgaris Urb., Verh. Bot. Ver. Prov. Brandenb., 15: 78 (1873)
= Medicago minima var. winterlii Priszter, Bot. Közlem., 59(1): 45 (1972)
= Medicago mollissima Roth, Bot. Abh. Beobachte: 49 (1787)
= Medicago ononidea (Rouy) A.W.Hill, Index Kew. Suppl. 6: 125 (1926)
= Medicago polymorpha var. hirsuta L., Sp. Pl., 2: 780 (1753)
= Medicago polymorpha var. minima L., Sp. Pl.: 780 (1753)
= Medicago polymorpha var. recta Desf., Fl. Atlant., 2: 212 (1799)
= Medicago pulchella Lowe, Trans. Cambridge Philos. Soc 6: 547 (1838)
= Medicago recta (Desf.) Willd., Sp. Pl. 3: 1415 (1802)
= Medicago rigidula Hoffm. ex Steud., Nom. ed. II. 2: 109 (1808)
= Medicago sessilis Peyron ex Post, Fl. Syria, Palest. & Sinai, 10 (1896)
= Medicago minima subvar. elongata (Rochel) Rouy, Fl. Fr., 5: 41 (1899)
= Medicago minima subvar. stenophylla (Clavaud) Rouy, Fl. Fr., 5: 41 (1899)
= Medicago minima subvar. viscida (W.D.J.Koch) Rouy, Fl. Fr., 5: 41 (1899)
= Medicago viscida (W.D.J.Koch) Schur, Verh. Naturf. Ver. Bruenn, 15(2): 173 (1877)
= Spirocarpus minimus (L.) Opiz, Seznam, 93 (1852)
species :
Medicago monantha (C.A.Mey.) Trautv.; Bull. Sci. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg 8: 272 (1841)
subspecies :
subsp. monantha
Distribution: Turkey (Central Anatolia, E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., Iranian Aserbaijan, S-Iran, W-Iran); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, W-Iraq: Desert); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Saudi Arabia (NE-Saudi Arabia); Qatar; Syria (C-Syrian Desert, NW-Syria, Jbel Druze); Afghanistan (Badakshan, Wakhan, Badghys, Baghlan, Balkh, Bamyan, Farah, Faryab, Ghazni, Herat, Jawzjan / Sar-e-Pol, Kabul, Kandahar, Kunar / Nuristan, Laghman, Logar, Wardak, Nangarhar, Nimroz, Orozgan / Daykundi, Paktia / Khost, Parwan, Qunduz, Samangan, Takhar, Zabul); Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; China (Xinjiang); USA [I] (Massachusetts [I]); France [I]
12 fra 32 TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE NCS 34 AFG IRN IRQ JOR LEB SYR TUR 35 QAT SAU 36 CHI 75 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Medicago dicarpa Trautv., Trudy Glavn. Bot. Sada, 1: 24 (1870)
= Medicago psilocarpa Trautv., Linn., 15: 97 (1841)
= Telis brahuica (Boiss.) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. 209 (1891)
= Telis monantha (C.A.Mey.) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. 209 (1891)
= Trigonella brahuica Boiss., Fl. Orient. 2: 73 (1872)
= Trigonella macroglochin Durieu, Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 6: 593 (1859)
= Trigonella monantha C.A.Mey., Verz. Pfl. Casp. Meer.: 137 (1831)
= Trigonella monantha f. pinnatifida Thell., Fl. Adv. Montp.: 301 (1912)
= Trigonella monantha var. brachycea Boiss., Fl. Orient., 2: 78 (1872)
= Trigonella monantha var. macroglochin (Durieu) Sirj., Publ. Fac. Sci. Univ. Masaryk Brno, 4: 4 (1931)
= Trigonella uncinata Eig, J. Bot., 75: 188 (1937), non Banks & Sol. 1794
subspecies :
subsp. incisa (Benth.) Verloove & Lambinon; Syst. & Geogr. Pl. 76(2): 220 (2006)
Distribution: India (Poonch, Delhi, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Indian Punjab, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh); Pakistan (Baluchistan, Khyber, Peshawar, Hazara, Chitral, Pakistani Punjab, Gilgit); Bhutan; Turkmenistan
32 TKM 40 BHU IND PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Telis incisa (Benth.) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. 209 (1891)
= Trigonella incisa Benth.in Royle, Illustr. Bot. Himal. 197 (1835)
= Trigonella incisa f. multiflora Sirj., Publ. Fac. Sci. Univ. Masaryk Brno, 4: 11 (1931)
= Trigonella monantha ssp. incisa (Benth.) Ali, Fl. W. Pakistan, 100: 294 (1977)
subspecies :
subsp. noeana (Boiss.) Greuter & Burdet; Willdenowia 19: 32 (1989)
Distribution: Kenya [I]; Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus; Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Mongolia; Turkmenistan; Tajikistan; Uzbekistan; Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia); Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, S-Iran, W-Iran); Iraq (NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia, W-Iraq: Desert); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, Jazira, NW-Syria); Afghanistan
25 ken 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 NCS 34 AFG IRN IRQ JOR SYR TUR 37 MON
Synonyms: hidden
= Telis noeana (Boiss.) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. 209 (1891)
= Trigonella dicarpa C.A.Mey. ex Boiss., Fl. Orient. 2: 77 (1872)
= Trigonella geminiflora Bunge, Arb. Naturf. Ver. Riga, 1: 219 (1847)
= Trigonella geminiflora var. curvata Sirj. & Rech., Dan. Biol. Skr., 3: 12 (1957)
= Trigonella incisa var. geminiflora (Bunge) Boiss., Fl. Orient., 2: 76 (1872)
= Trigonella monantha ssp. geminiflora (Bunge) Rech.fil., Fl. Iran., 157: 244 (1984)
= Trigonella monantha ssp. noeana (Boiss.) Hub.-Mor., P. H. Davis, Fl. Turkey 3: 475 (1969)
= Trigonella noeana Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 2, 2: 11 (1856)
= Trigonella noeana f. brachycarea (Boiss.) Sirj., Publ. Fac. Sci. Univ. Masnryk Brno, 4: 8 (1931)
= Trigonella noeana f. integrata Sirj., Publ. Fac. Sci. Univ. Masaryk Brno, 4: 7 (1931)
= Trigonella noeana f. pedunculata Sirj., Publ. Fac. Sci. Univ. Masnryk Brno, 4: 8 (1931)
= Trigonella noeana f. pinnatifida (Thell.) Beck ex Sirj., Publ. Fac. Sci. Univ. Masaryk Brno, 4: 8 (1931)
= Trigonella noeana f. reticulata Sirj., Publ. Fac. Sci. Univ. Masaryk Brno, 4: 8 (1931)
= Trigonella noeana f. tricarpa Beck, Stapf, Polak. Exp., 2: 63 (1886)
= Trigonella noeana var. aleppica Zohary, Beih. Bot. Centralbl., 51: 280 (1934)
= Trigonella noeana var. minor Post, J. Linn. Soc., 24: 425 (1888)
species :
Medicago monspeliaca (L.) Trautv.; Bull. Sci. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint Pétersbourg 8: 272 (1841)
Name: Französischer Bockshornklee (DE); Hairy Trigonella (EN)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Egypt (NW-coastal Egypt); European Turkey; Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia); Israel (C-Israel, coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, N-Negev Desert, Judean Desert, Negev Desert); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Sinai peninsula (N-Sinai); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, NW-Syria, Jbel Druze); Pakistan (Baluchistan); Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Switzerland; Hungary; Romania; Portugal; Spain; Andorra; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Malta; Sicily; Italy; Serbia & Kosovo; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Croatia; Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; Crimea; E-European Russia; Libya; Tunisia; Algeria; Morocco; Canary Isl. (Lanzarote); Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Azerbaijan (incl. Nachichevan); Armenia; Turkmenistan; Estonia [I]; Chile [I]; Argentina [I]; USA [I] (Alabama [I], Massachusetts [I], Maryland [I], New York [I])
11 AUT BGM CZE HUN SLO SWI 12 ADO BAL COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KRI MLT MNT NMA ROM SIC SRB TUE 14 est KRY RUS 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 21 CNY 32 TKM 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 CYP EAI IRQ ISR JOR LEB SIN SYR TUR 40 PAK 75 usa 78 usa 85 arg cle
Synonyms: hidden
= Buceras elliptica Moench, Meth. 143 (1794)
= Buceras monspeliaca (L.) All., Fl. Pedem. 1: 313 (1785)
= Falcatula monspeliaca (L.) Fourr., Ann. Soc. L. Lyon, N. S. 16: 360 (1868)
= Telis monspeliaca (L.) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. 209 (1891)
= Trigonella divaricata Clairv., Man. Herbor.: 132 (1811)
= Trigonella monspeliaca f. eigii Sirj., Publ. Fac. Sci. Univ. Masaryk Brno, 4: 24 (1931)
= Trigonella monspeliaca f. incisa Sirj., Publ. Fac. Sci. Univ. Masaryk Brno, 4: 24 (1931)
= Trigonella monspeliaca f. leiocaya (Koch) Sirj., Publ. Fac. Sci. Univ. Masaryk Brno, 4: 24 (1931)
= Trigonella monspeliaca f. macrocarpa (Bornm.) Sirj., Publ. Fac. Sci. Univ. Masaryk Brno, 4: 24 (1931)
= Trigonella monspeliaca f. moabitica Sirj. & Eig, Moab. Palaestinae, 7: 5 (1927)
= Trigonella monspeliaca f. naftolskyi (Eig) Sirj., Publ. Fac. Sci. Univ. Masaryk Brno, 4: 24 (1931)
= Trigonella monspeliaca f. nuda Sirj., Publ. Fac. Sci. Univ. Masaryk Brno, 4: 24 (1931)
= Trigonella monspeliaca f. petiolata (Post) Sirj., Publ. Fac. Sci. Univ. Masaryk Brno, 4: 24 (1931)
= Trigonella monspeliaca L., Sp. Pl.: 777 (1753)
= Trigonella monspeliaca ssp. caulescens Feinbrun, Beih. Bot. Centralb. &I, 51(2): 396)
= Trigonella monspeliaca ssp. subacaulis Feinbrun, Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 51(2): 396 (1933)
= Trigonella monspeliaca var. glabrata Eig, Bull. Inst. Agr. Nat. Hist., 6: 10 (1927)
= Trigonella monspeliaca var. leiocarpa W.D.J.Koch, Röhl., Deutschl, Fl., ed. 3, 5: 313 (1839)
= Trigonella monspeliaca var. macrocarpa Bornm., Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien, 48: 577 (1898)
= Trigonella monspeliaca var. naftolskyi Eig, Bull. Inst. Agr. Nat. Hist., 6: 10 (1927)
= Trigonella monspeliaca var. petiolata Post, Fl. Syr. Pal. Sin.: 222 (1883)
species :
Medicago murex Willd.; Sp. Pl. 3: 1410 (1802)
subspecies :
subsp. murex
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Sicily; Italy; Croatia; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl.; Libya; Tunisia; Algeria; Morocco; Turkey (S-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Israel (coastal W-Israel, N-Israel); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, NW-Syria); Mauritania
12 BAL COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 CRO GRC ITA KRI SIC 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN 22 MTN 34 EAI ISR LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Medicago ciliaris ssp. murex (Willd.) Bonnier & Layens, Fl. Fr.: 75 (1894)
= Medicago heterocarpa Spach ex Durieu, Expl. Sci. Algérie, Atlas: t. 89, f. 2 (1849)
= Medicago inermis Urb., Ind. Sem. Hort. Berol. 4 (1872)
= Medicago juliae Sennen & Mauricio, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 78: 186 (1931)
= Medicago lesinsii E.Small, Canad. J. Bot. 63: 733 (1985)
= Medicago murex f. sorrentinii (Tineo) Urb., Verh. Bot. Ver. Prov. Brandenb., 15: 73 (1873)
= Medicago murex ssp. heterocarpa (Spach ex Durieu) Jauzein, Fl. Champs Cult.: 863 (1995)
= Medicago murex ssp. inermis (Guss.) Arcang., Comp. Fl. Ital.: 164 (1882)
= Medicago murex subvar. rodriguezii (Font Quer ex Casellas) O.Bolòs & Vigo, But. Inst. Catalana Hist. Nat., 38 Bot., 1: 69 (1974)
= Medicago murex var. aculeata Urb., Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 15: 72 (1873)
= Medicago murex var. breviseta Rouy, Fl. France [Rouy & Foucaud] 5: 34 (1899)
= Medicago murex var. brevispina Rouy, Fl. France [Rouy & Foucaud] 5: 33 (1899)
= Medicago murex var. inermis (Guss.) Urb., Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 15: 73 (1873)
= Medicago murex var. macrocarpa Moris, Fl. Sard.1: 446 (1837)
= Medicago murex var. ovata (Carmign.) Urb., Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 15: 73 (1873)
= Medicago murex var. rodriguezii Font Quer
= Medicago murex var. sicula (Tod.) Batt., Fl. Algérie [Batt. & Trab.] Dicot.: 231 (1889)
= Medicago murex var. sorrentinii (Tineo) Batt., Fl. Algérie [Batt. & Trab.] Dicot.: 230 (1889)
= Medicago muricula St.-Lag., Ann. Soc. Bot. Lyon, 7: 130 (1880)
= Medicago ovata Carmign., Giorn. Accad. Ital. 5: 11 (1810)
= Medicago sicula Tod., Index Sem. Hort. Panorm. 1868: 36 (1869)
= Medicago sorrentinii Tod., Linnaea 30: 759 (1860)
= Medicago sphaerocarpos var. ovalis Moris, Fl. Sardoa, 1: 446 (1837)
subspecies :
subsp. sphaerocarpos (Bertol.) K.A.Lesins & I.Lesins; Gen. Medicago: 175 (1979)
Distribution: France; Greece; E-Turkey
12 FRA 13 GRC 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Medica sphaerocarpa (Bertol.) Bubani, Fl. Pyren. 2: 480 (1900)
= Medicago globulifera Desf., Tabl. ed. I. 190 (1804)
= Medicago murex f. sphaerocarpa (Bertol.) Urb., Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb., 15: 72 (1873)
= Medicago murex ssp. sphaerocarpos (Bertol.) K.A.Lesins & I.Lesins, Gen. Medicago: 175 (1979)
= Medicago murex var. sphaerocarpos (Bertol.) Urb., Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 15: 73 (1873)
= Medicago murex var. sphaerocarpos (Bertol.) Willk.in Willk. & Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hisp., 3: 385 (1877)
= Medicago sphaerocarpos Bertol., Rar. Ital. Pl. 3: 60 (1810)
species :
Medicago muricoleptis Tineo; Pl. Rar. Sicil. Pugill. 1: 18 (1817)
Distribution: Sicily; S-Italy; Greece; S-France [I]
12 fra 13 GRC ITA SIC
Synonyms: hidden
= Medicago decandollei Guss., Fl. Sicul. Syn. 2: 369 (1844)
= Medicago intertexta var. decandollei (Tineo) Urb., Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb., 15: 62 (1873)
= Medicago intertexta var. muricoleptis (Tineo) Fiori, Fl. It., 2: 41 (1900)
= Medicago muricoleptis var. minor Tineo ex Lojac., Fl. Sic., 1(2): 68 (1891)
species :
Medicago noeana Boiss.; Diagn. ser. 2, 2: 10 (1856)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq)
34 IRQ TUR
species :
Medicago orbicularis (L.) Bertol.; Cat. Plante Siena: 60 (1776)
Name: Scheiben-Schneckenklee (DE); Button Medick (EN)
Distribution: Romania; Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Malta; Sicily; Italy; Montenegro; Macedonia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Albania; Bulgaria; Libya; Tunisia; Algeria; Morocco; Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia [Caucasus]; Crimea; Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Uzbekistan; Turkmenistan; Japan [I]; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I]); Ethiopia [I]; South Africa [I]; Bonin Isl. [I] (Chichijima [I]); Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Egypt (NE-Egypt, Nile Delta, NW-coastal Egypt); Iran (EC-Iran, N-Iran, S-Iran, W-Iran); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, Judean Desert, Negev Desert); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Saudi Arabia (Asir); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, N-Sinai); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, NW-Syria); Afghanistan (Kabul, Kandahar, Samangan); Pakistan (Baluchistan, Swat); India (Indian Punjab, Jammu & Kashmir); Madeira (Madeira Isl.); Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Palma Isl.); USA [I] (Alabama [I], California [I], Florida [I], Georgia [I], Illinois [I], Louisiana [I], Maryland [I], Mississippi [I], North Carolina [I], New Jersey [I], Oklahoma [I], Tennessee [I], Texas [I])
12 BAL COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL GRC ITA KRI MLT MNT NMA ROM SIC 14 KRY 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 21 CNY MDR 24 eth 27 saf 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SIN SYR TUR 35 SAU 38 jap oga 40 IND PAK 50 aus 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Medica inermis Lam., Fl. Fr. 2: 586 (1779)
= Medica orbicularis (L.) Medik., Vorles. Churf. Phys. Ges. 2: 886 (1787)
= Medica orbiculata Bubani, Fl. Pyren. 2: 474 (1900)
= Medicago ambigua Jord. ex Boreau, Fl. Centr. Fr. ed. III. 2: 147 (1857)
= Medicago applanata Willd. ex Hornem., Hort. Bot. Hafn. Suppl 85 (1819)
= Medicago biancae (Urb.) P.Silva, Agron. Lusit. 35: 298 (1974)
= Medicago biancae Tod ex Urb., Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 15: 60 (1873)
= Medicago clypeata Lindl., Bot. Reg. (1839) Misc. 60
= Medicago cuneata J.Woods, Tourists Fl.: 84 (1850)
= Medicago echinata (Lam.) Steud., Nom. ed. II. 2: 109 (1808)
= Medicago marginata Willd., Enum. Pl. Hort. Berol.: 802 (1809)
= Medicago orbicularis (L.) All., Fl. Ped. 1: 314 (1785)
= Medicago orbicularis f. applanata Costa, Introd. Fl. Cataluna: 59 (1864)
= Medicago orbicularis f. biancae (Tod.) Urb., Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb., 15: 60 (1873)
= Medicago orbicularis f. canescens Urb., Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb., 15: 60 (1873)
= Medicago orbicularis f. glabella Abdullah in Khass., Dikornst. Lyust. Sred. Asii: 86 (1972)
= Medicago orbicularis f. glanduligera Kozuharov, Bulg. Acad. Sci. Reports, 15: 149 (1965)
= Medicago orbicularis f. glandulosa Urb., Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb., 15: 60 (1873)
= Medicago orbicularis f. macrocarpa (Rouy) Casellas, Coll. Bot., 6: 223 (1962)
= Medicago orbicularis f. microcarpa Casellas, Coll. Bot., 6: 224 (1962)
= Medicago orbicularis f. pilosa (Benth.) Urb., Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb., 15: 60 (1873)
= Medicago orbicularis f. praecox Sinskaya, Fl. Cult. Pl. U. S. S. R., 13(1): 176 (1950)
= Medicago orbicularis f. rubra Sinskaya, FI. Cult. Pl. U. S. S. R.,13(1): 177 (1950)
= Medicago orbicularis f. tardiflora Sinskaya, Fl. Cult. Pl. U. S. S. R., 13(1): 176 (1950)
= Medicago orbicularis f. viridis Sinskaya, Fl. Cult. Pl. U. S. S. R., 13(1): 177 (1950)
= Medicago orbicularis ssp. castellana (Casellas) P.Monts., Soc. Ech. Pl. Vasc. Eur. Occid. Bassin. Medit. H. Bull., fasc. no. 15: 76 1972-1973 (1974)
= Medicago orbicularis ssp. marginata (Willd.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 167 (1878)
= Medicago orbicularis var. applanata (Willd.) Nègre, Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 50: 285 (1959)
= Medicago orbicularis var. biancae (Tod. ex Urb.) Batt., Fl. Algérie [Batt. & Trab.] Dicot.: 226 (1889)
= Medicago orbicularis var. castellana Casellas, Coll. Bot., 6: 224 (1962)
= Medicago orbicularis var. catholica Nègre, Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 50: 286 (1959)
= Medicago orbicularis var. cuneata (J.Woods) Fiori, Fl. Ital., 2: 34 (1900)
= Medicago orbicularis var. glandulosa (Urb.) Rouy, Fl. Fr., 5: 18 (1899)
= Medicago orbicularis var. hebecarpa Pancic, Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien, 6: 479 (1856)
= Medicago orbicularis var. laxicycla Salisb., Flora, 17: 54 (1834)
= Medicago orbicularis var. macrocarpa Rouy, Fl. France [Rouy & Foucaud] 5: 18 (1899)
= Medicago orbicularis var. marginata (Willd.) Benth., Cat. Pl. Pyrendes: 100 (1826)
= Medicago orbicularis var. microcarpa Rouy, Fl. France [Rouy & Foucaud] 5: 18 (1899)
= Medicago orbicularis var. microcarpa Ser., DC., Prodr., 2: 174 (1825)
= Medicago orbicularis var. pilosa (Willd.) Benth., Cat. Pl. Pyr.: 101 (1826)
= Medicago orbicularis var. undulata Rouy, Fl. Fr., 5: 18 (1899)
= Medicago orbiculata Gaertn., De Fruct., 2: 349 (1791)
= Medicago polymorpha var. orbicularis L., Sp. Pl.: 779 (1753)
= Medicago scutellata Pall. ex M.Bieb., Fl. Taur. Cauc., 2: 226 (1808), non (L.) Mill. 1768
species :
Medicago orthoceras (Kar. & Kir.) Trautv.; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 5: 421 (1878)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia); Iran (NE-Iran: Mts., Iranian Aserbaijan); Iraq (NW-Iraq, W-Iraq: Desert); Pakistan (Baluchistan); SE-European Russia; W-Kazakhstan; Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia [Caucasus]; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; China (W-Xinjiang); Siberia (W-Siberia)
14 RUS 30 SIB 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN IRQ TUR 36 CHI 40 PAK
Remarks: polyceratia agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Telis orthoceras (Kar. & Kir.) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. 209 (1891)
= Trigonella anatolica Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 2, 6: 46 (1859)
= Trigonella orthoceras Kar. & Kir., Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 14: 399 (1841)
species :
Medicago pamphylica (Hub.-Mor. & Sirj.) E.Small; Willdenowia 16: 434 (1987)
Distribution: Turkey (SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Trigonella pamphylica Hub.-Mor. & Sirj., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 44: 322 (1938)
species :
Medicago papillosa Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. 2: 23 (1843)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia); Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia [Caucasus]
33 ARM AZE GEO 34 TUR
Remarks: papillosa agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Medicago dzhawakhetica Bordz.
= Medicago glutinosa ssp. papillosa (Boiss.) Ponert, Feddes Repert. 83: 639 (1973)
= Medicago macrocarpa Boiss., Fl. Orient. 2: 96 (1872)
= Medicago papillosa var. citrina K.A.Lesins & I.Lesins, Gen. Medicago (Leguminosae): 129 (1979), without latin descr. or type
species :
Medicago persica (Boiss.) E.Small; Willdenowia, 16(2): 434 (1987)
Distribution: Iran (S-Iran, SW-Iran)
34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Telis persica (Boiss.) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. 209 (1891)
= Trigonella persica Boiss., Diagn. ser. 1, 2: 22 (1843)
species :
Medicago phrygia (Boiss.) E.Small; Willdenowia 16: 433 (1987)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); East Aegaean Isl.; Iran (S-Iran, W-Iran); Iraq (NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia, W-Iraq: Desert); Syria (Jazira)
34 EAI IRN IRQ SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Telis aurantiaca (Boiss.) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. 209 (1891)
= Trigonella aurantiaca Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. 2: 22 (1843) (non Godr. (1853))
= Trigonella aurantiaca var. cariensis Sirj., Publ. Fac. Sci. Univ. Masaryk. Brno, 128: 20 (1930)
= Trigonella aurantiaca var. pallida Bornm., Mitth. Thiir Bot. Ver., N. F. 6: 53 (1894)
= Trigonella aurantiaca var. phrygia (Boiss.) Boiss., Fl. Orient., 2: 74 (1872)
= Trigonella kotschyi Rawi, Dep. Agr. frag Tech. Bull., 14: 78 (1964), non Fenzl ex Boiss. 1873
= Trigonella mareschiana Hand.-Mazz., Ann. Nat. Hofmus. Wien. 27: 81 (1913)
= Trigonella phrygia Boiss., Diagn. PI. Orient. ser. 2, 6: 45 (1859)
species :
Medicago pironae Vis.; Index Sem. Hort. Patavia 1855: 7 (1856), nom. nov.
Distribution: NE-Italy; Croatia
13 CRO ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Medicago rupestris Pirona, Fl. Forojul. Syll. 41
species :
Medicago platycarpa (L.) Trautv.; Bull. Acad. Sc. Petersb. 8: 271 (1841)
Distribution: European Russia; Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Russian Far East; Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Mongolia; China (Xinjiang)
14 RUS 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ KGZ 36 CHI 37 MON
Synonyms: hidden
= Buceras platycarpos (L.) Moench, Meth. Suppl. 51 (1802)
= Melilotoides karkarensis (Semenov ex Vassilcz.) Soják, Sborn. Nár. Muz. Praze, 1982 (1-2): 104 (1982)
= Melilotoides platycarpos (L.) Soják, Sborn. Nár. Muz. Praze, 1982(1-2): 104 (1982)
= Melilotoides platycarpos var. karkarensis (Semen. ex Vassilcz.) Yakovlev, Rast. Tsentral. Azii, 8a: 88 (1988)
= Melissitus karkarensis (Semen. ex Vassilcz.) Golosk., Fl. Kazakhst. 5: 29 (1961)
= Melissitus platycarpos (L.) Golosk., Fl. Kazakhst. 5: 29 (1961)
= Pocockia platycarpos (L.) Boiss., Diagn. Ser. I. 9: 12 (1849)
= Trigonella karkarensis Semen. ex Vassilcz., Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS, 14: 232 (1951)
= Trigonella platycarpos L., Sp. Pl. 776 (1753)
= Trigonella ruthenica Patrin ex Ledeb., Fl. Alt. 3: 253 (1831)
= Triphyllum platycarpos (L.) Medik., Phil. Bot. 1: 202 (1789)
= Turukhania platycarpos (L.) Vassilcz., Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast., 16: 132 (1979)
species :
Medicago polyceratia (L.) Trautv.; Bull. Sci. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg 8: 272 (1841)
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; France; Greece; Tunisia; Algeria; Morocco; Egypt (Nile Delta, Nile Valley); Croatia; Bulgaria; Crimea; Northern Caucasus (Daghestan); Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia [Caucasus]; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Uzbekistan; Turkmenistan; Siberia (W-Siberia); SE-European Russia; Turkey (E-Anatolia); Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran); Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia)
12 FRA POR SPA 13 BUL CRO GRC 14 KRY RUS 20 ALG EGY MOR TUN 30 SIB 32 KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN TUR
Remarks: Medicago polyceratia and M. medicaginoides can hardly be kept as separate species (Checklist of Greece)
Synonyms: hidden
= Buceras mutica Moench, Meth. 142 (1794)
= Buceras polyceration (L.) All., Fl. Pedem. 1: 313 (1785)
= Buceras torosa Moench, Meth. Suppl. 51 (1802)
= Buceras tortuosa Steud., Nom. ed. II. 1: 233 (1840)
= Lotus medicaginoides Retz., Observ. Bot. 2: 23 (1781)
= Medicago connivens Trautv., Bull. Sc. Acad. Petersb. 8: 271 (1841)
= Medicago fissa Trautv., Bull. Sc. Acad. Petersb. 8: 272 (1841)
= Medicago medicaginoides (Retz.) E.Small, Willdenowia 16: 434 (1987)
= Medicago polyceratia ssp. amandiana (Samp.) Greuter & Burdet, Willdenowia 19: 32 (1989)
= Medicago tenuis Trautv., Bull. Sc. Acad. Petersb. 8: 271 (1841)
= Telis polyceratia (L.) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. 209 (1891)
= Trigonella amandiana Samp., Ann. Sci. Nat. (Porto) 6: 143 (1900)
= Trigonella amandiana var. pinnatifolia Samp., Ann. Sci. Nat. (Oporto), 6: 144 (1900)
= Trigonella amandiana var. serratifolia Samp., Ann. Sci. Nat. (Oporto), 6: 144 (1900)
= Trigonella atlantica (Ball) Vassilcz., Acta Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS, Ser. 1, Fasc. 10, 226 (1953)
= Trigonella hamaticarpa Hausskn. & Bornm. ex Sirj., Publ. Fac. Sc. Univ. Masaryk, Brno, No. 148, 4 (1932)
= Trigonella laciniata Desf., Tabl. ed. I. 190 (1804) non L. 1763
= Trigonella pinnatifida Cav., Icon. 1: 26 (1791)
= Trigonella pinnatifida var. intermedia Amo & Mora, Real Acad. Ci. Exact. Madrid, 5: (1861)
= Trigonella polyceratia f. ambigua Sirj., Publ. Fac. Sci. Univ. Masaryk Brno, 136: 14 (1931)
= Trigonella polyceratia f. glabrata Sirj., Publ. Fac. Sci. Univ. Masaryk Brno, 136: 14 (1931)
= Trigonella polyceratia f. melanosperma (Maire) Sirj., Publ. Fac. Sci. Univ. Masaryk Brno, 136: 14 (1931)
= Trigonella polyceratia f. pinnatifida Willk. & Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hisp., 3: 390 (1880)
= Trigonella polyceratia L., Sp. Pl.: 777 (1753)
= Trigonella polyceratia ssp. amandiana (Samp.) Amich & J.Sánchez, Stud. Bot (Salarnanca) 2: 129 (1983)
= Trigonella polyceratia ssp. pinnatifida (Cav.) Mateo, C.Torres & Fabado, Flora Montiber. 35: 37 (2007)
= Trigonella polyceratia var. amandiana (Samp.), Man. Fl. Portug.: 235 (1911)
= Trigonella polyceratia var. atlantica Ball, J. Bot. 11 (London): 305 (1873)
= Trigonella polyceratia var. glabrata (Sirj.) Maire, Cat. Pl. Maroc 4: 1037 (1941)
= Trigonella polyceratia var. longipes Samp., Man. Fl. Portug.: 235 (1911)
= Trigonella polyceratia var. major Lange, Vidensk. Meddel. Dansk Naturhist. Foren. Kjobenhavn, 1865: 172 (1866)
= Trigonella polyceratia var. melanosperma Maire, Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 14: 139 (1923)
= Trigonella polyceratia var. minor Rouy, Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr., 31: 74 (1884)
= Trigonella polyceratia var. pinnatifida (Cav.) Willk., Prodr. Fl. Hispan. [Willk. & Lange] 3: 390 (1880)
= Trigonella polyceratia var. polyceratoides (Lange) Malag., Sin. Fl. IHr., 37: 589 (1976)
= Trigonella polyceratia var. prostrata Lange, Vidensk. Meddel. Dansk Naturhist. Foren. Kjobenhavn, 1865: 172 (1866)
= Trigonella polyceratia var. sericea Emb., Bull. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc 15: 207 (1935)
= Trigonella polyceratia var. subpinnatifida Willk., Ser. Inconf. Pl. Aragon: 28 (1863)
= Trigonella polyceratoides Lange, Vidensk. Meddel. Dansk Naturhist. Foren. Kjobenh. ser. 2, 7: 172 (1865)
= Trigonella ×ambigua Samp., Ann. Sci. Nat. (Oporto), 6: 144 (1900)
species :
Medicago polychroa Grossh.; Papers Applied Sect. Tiflis Bot. Gard. 4: 145 (1925)
Distribution: Armenia; Georgia [Caucasus]; Ukraine; Iran
14 UKR 33 ARM GEO 34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Medicago glutinosa ssp. polychroa (Grossh.) Sinskaya
species :
Medicago polymorpha L.; Sp. Pl.: 779 (1753)
Name: Rauher Schneckenklee (DE); Toothed Medick (EN)
Distribution: Austria; England; Channel Isl.; Germany; Romania; Belgium; Luxembourg [I]; Switzerland [I]; Netherlands [I]; Hungary [I]; Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Malta; Sicily; Italy; Serbia & Kosovo; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Croatia; Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Libya; Tunisia; Algeria; Morocco; Northern Caucasus; Azerbaijan; Georgia [Caucasus]; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Belarus; Estonia [I]; European Russia; Crimea; Taiwan [I]; China [I] (Anhui [I], Fujian [I], Gansu [I], Guangdong [I], Guangxi [I], Guizhou [I], Hainan [I], Hubei [I], Hunan [I], Jiangsu [I], Jiangxi [I], Shaanxi [I], Sichuan [I], Yunnan [I], Zhejiang); Korea [I]; Japan [I]; Costa Rica [I]; Mexico [I]; Isla Guadalupe [I]; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], Northern Territory [I], South Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); Peru [I]; South Africa [I] (widespread); Namibia [I]; New Zealand [I]; Chatham Isl. [I]; Dominican Republic [I]; Ecuador [I]; Djibouti; Angola [I]; Ethiopia [I]; Kenya [I]; Tanzania [I]; Soqotra; Vietnam [I]; Lesser Sunda Isl. [I]; Philippines [I]; New Caledonia [I]; Lord Howe Isl. [I]; Norfolk Isl. [I]; Chile [I]; Juan Fdz. Isl. [I]; Argentina [I]; Uruguay [I]; Desventuradas Isl. [I]; Colombia [I]; Paraguay [I]; Bolivia [I]; Honduras [I]; Venezuela [I]; Guam [I]; Mauritius [I]; Réunion [I]; Turkey (E-Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Egypt (Desert Oases, Eastern Desert, Great Southwestern Desert, NE-Egypt, Nile Delta, Nile Valley, NW-coastal Egypt); Iran (N-Iran, S-Iran, W-Iran); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia, S-Iraq, W-Iraq: Desert); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, N-Negev Desert, Judean Desert); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Saudi Arabia (Dahana, Hejaz, Asir); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, N-Sinai); Syria (coastal W-Syria, C-Syrian Desert, Jazira, NW-Syria, Jbel Druze); Yemen (W-Yemen); Qatar; Afghanistan (Baghlan, Helmand, Herat, Kabul, Kandahar, Kunar / Nuristan, Laghman, Nangarhar, Paktia / Khost, Samangan); Pakistan (Sind, Baluchistan, Pakistani Punjab, Chitral); India (Bihar, Delhi, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Indian Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal); Nepal; Azores (Santa Maria Isl., Sao Miguel Isl., Terceira, Graciosa, Sao Jorge, Pico, Faial); Madeira (Madeira Isl., Ilhas Desertas, Porto Santo Isl.); Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro, La Palma Isl.); Cape Verde Isl. (Santo Antao Isl.); Hawaii [I] (Midway Isl. [I], Kauai [I], Oahu [I], Molokai [I], Lanai [I], Maui [I], Hawaii Isl. [I]); Alaska [I]; USA [I] (Alabama [I], Arkansas [I], Arizona [I], California [I], Connecticut [I], Florida [I], Georgia [I], Idaho [I], Louisiana [I], Massachusetts [I], Maine [I], Michigan [I], Missouri [I], Mississippi [I], Montana [I], North Carolina [I], New Jersey [I], New Mexico [I], Nevada [I], New York [I], Ohio [I], Oklahoma [I], Oregon [I], Pennsylvania [I], Rhode Island [I], South Carolina [I], Tennessee [I], Texas [I], Utah [I], Virginia [I], Vermont [I], Washington State [I], Wyoming [I]); Canada [I] (British Columbia [I], New Brunswick [I], Ontario [I], Québec [I], Saskatchewan [I])
10 GRB 11 AUT BGM GER hun lux net swi 12 BAL CIS COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KRI MLT MNT NMA ROM SIC SRB 14 BLR est KRY RUS 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 21 AZO CNY CVI MDR 24 DJI eth SOC 25 ken tan 26 ang 27 nam saf 29 mau reu 32 KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SIN SYR TUR 35 QAT SAU YEM 36 chi 38 jap kor tai 40 IND NEP PAK 41 vie 42 lsi phi 50 aus lhi nfk 51 ctm nzl 60 nwc 62 gum 63 haw 70 ask 71 cdn 72 cdn 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa 79 glp mex 80 cos hon 81 his 82 clm ven 83 bol ecu per 85 arg cle dsv jnf par uru
Synonyms: hidden
= Medica apiculata (Willd.) Greene, Man. Bot. San Franc. Bay 102 (1894)
= Medica bimuricata Moench, Meth. 117 (1794)
= Medica denticulata (Willd.) Greene, Fl. Francisc. 102 (1894)
= Medica muricata (Willd.) Bubani, Fl. Pyren., 2: 479)
= Medica pentacycla (DC.) Bubani, Fl. Pyren. 2: 475 (1900)
= Medica polymorpha (L.) Scop., Fl. Carn. ed. II. 2: 89 (1772)
= Medica reticulata (Benth.) Bubani, Fl. Pyren. 2: 480 (1900)
= Medicago apiculata var. confinis W.D.J.Koch, Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv., 1: 164 (1836)
= Medicago apiculata Willd., Sp. Pl. 3: 1414 (1802)
= Medicago berteriana Moris, Ann. Stor. Nat. 4: (1830) 59
= Medicago bimuricata (Moench) Retz. ex Steud., Nom. ed. I. 513 (1821)
= Medicago canescens Graham, Wall. Cat. n. 5946 (1832)
= Medicago caspia Grunes ex Boiss., Fl. Or. Suppl. 167 (1888)
= Medicago caspica Jacq. ex Spreng., Nov. Prov. Hort. Berol.: 27 (1818)
= Medicago catalonica Urb., Ind. Sem. Hort. Berol. (1872) 4
= Medicago ciliaris Savi, Due Cent. Fl. Etrusc.: 148 (1804), non (L.) Allioni 1785
= Medicago confinis W.D.J.Koch, Syn. Fl. Germ. HeIv. 1(1): 164 (1835)
= Medicago conica Schkuhr, Handb. 2: 420 (1796)
= Medicago cyrenaea Maire & Weiller, Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 30: 273 (1939)
= Medicago denticulata ssp. polymorpha (L.) Pit. & Proust, Iles Canaries [Pit. & Proust]: 158 (1909)
= Medicago denticulata var. apiculata (Willd.) Moris, Fl. Caprar.: 35 (1839)
= Medicago denticulata var. brevispina Benth., Cat. Pl. Pyr. Bas-Languedoc: 103 (1826)
= Medicago denticulata var. caspica (Jacq.) Grossh., Fl. USSR, 11: 171 (1945)
= Medicago denticulata var. ciliaris Savi ex Ser., DC., Prodr., 2: 176 (1825)
= Medicago denticulata var. confinis Batt., Fl. Alg., 2: 232 (1888)
= Medicago denticulata var. lappacea (Desr.) Benth., Cat. Pl. Pyr. Bas-Languedoc: 103 (1826)
= Medicago denticulata var. macracantha Webb & Berthel., Hist. Nat. Iles Canaries, 3(2): 64 (1842)
= Medicago denticulata var. macrocarpa (Urb.) Moris & De Not., Fl. Caprar.: 35 (1839)
= Medicago denticulata var. oligocarpa Rouy, Fl. France [Rouy & Foucaud] 5: 36 (1899)
= Medicago denticulata var. pentacycla (DC.) Boiss., Fl. Orient., 2: 102 (1872)
= Medicago denticulata var. reticulata (Benth.) Batt., Fl. Algerie [Batt. & Trab.] Dicot.: 232 (1889)
= Medicago denticulata var. tuberculata (Godr.) Moris, Fl. Sard., 1: 164 (1837)
= Medicago denticulata Willd., Sp. Pl. 3: 1414 (1802)
= Medicago distans Poir., Encyc. Suppl. 3: 326 (1814)
= Medicago flexuosa Ten., Prod. Fl. Nap. p. 45 (1812)
= Medicago gracillima Tineo ex Urb., Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb. 15: (1873) 74
= Medicago hamata C.Presl, Delic. Prag.: 45 (1822)
= Medicago heterocarpa Urb., Ind. Sem. Hort. Berol. (1872) 3
= Medicago hirsuta Vill., Hist. Pl. Dauph. 3: 403 (1788)
= Medicago hispida f. aculeata Urb., App. Observ. Bot. Berol.: 4 (1872)
= Medicago hispida f. breviaculeata Urb., App. Observ. Bot. Berol (1872)
= Medicago hispida f. denticulata (Willd.) Urb., App. Observ. Bot. Berol.: 3 (1872)
= Medicago hispida f. longeaculeata Urb., App. Observ. Bot. Berol. (1872)
= Medicago hispida f. longispina (Urb.) Urb., Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb., 15: 75 (1873)
= Medicago hispida f. microdon (Ehrenb.) Urb., Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb., 15: 75 (1873)
= Medicago hispida f. sardoa (Moris ex G.Don) Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl., 6(2): 43 (1907)
= Medicago hispida f. serratifolia Blakelock, Kew Bull., 3: 416 (1949)
= Medicago hispida f. tuberculata (Godr.) Urb., App. Observ. Bot. Berol.: 3 (1872)
= Medicago hispida Gaertn., Fruct. Sem. Pl. 2: 349 (1791) (nom. illeg.)
= Medicago hispida ssp. apiculata (Willd.) Corb., Nouv. Fl. Normandie: 151 (1894)
= Medicago hispida ssp. lappacea (Desr.) Menezes, Fl. Arch. Madeira: 44 (1914)
= Medicago hispida ssp. macrocarpa Urb., App. Observ. Bot. Berol.: 4 (1872)
= Medicago hispida ssp. microcarpa Urb., App. Observ. Bot. Berol.: 3 (1872)
= Medicago hispida ssp. oligocarpa (Urb.) Corb., Nouv. Fl. Normandie: 150 (1893)
= Medicago hispida ssp. pentacycla (DC.) Arcang., Comp. Fl. Ital.: 164 (1882)
= Medicago hispida ssp. pentacycla (DC.) Urb., Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 15: 75 (1873)
= Medicago hispida ssp. polycarpa (Willd.) Bonnier & Layens, Fl. Fr.: 75 (1894)
= Medicago hispida ssp. polygyra (Urb.) Arcang., Comp. Fl. Ital.: 164 (1882)
= Medicago hispida ssp. polymorpha (L.) Menezes, Fl. Arch. Madeira: 44 (1914)
= Medicago hispida ssp. polymorpha (L.) Rouy, Fl. Fr., 5: 36 (1899)
= Medicago hispida var. aculeata Urb., Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 15: 75 (1873)
= Medicago hispida var. apiculata (Willd.) Burnat, Fl. Alpes Marit. 2: 106 (1896)
= Medicago hispida var. apiculata (Willd.) Rouy, Fl. Fr., 5: 36 (1899)
= Medicago hispida var. brachyacantha Lowe, Man. Fl. Madeira 1: 159 (1862)
= Medicago hispida var. confinis (W.D.J.Koch) Burnat, Fl. Alpes Marit.: 106 (1896)
= Medicago hispida var. denticulata (Willd.) Urb., Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 15: 75 (1873)
= Medicago hispida var. denticulata (Willd.) Godr., Fl. Lorr., 1: 393 (1849)
= Medicago hispida var. inermis Rouy, Fl. Fr., 5: 37 (1899)
= Medicago hispida var. lappacea (Desr.) Burnat, Fl. Alpes Marit.: 107 (1896)
= Medicago hispida var. longispina Urb., Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 15: 75 (1873)
= Medicago hispida var. macracantha (Webb & Berthel.) Briq., Prodr. Fl. Corse, 1: 271 (1913)
= Medicago hispida var. microdon (Batt.) Nègre, Luzern. Maroc: 69 (1956)
= Medicago hispida var. nigra (Krock.) Menezes, Fl. Arch. Madeira: 44 (1914)
= Medicago hispida var. nigra (L.) Burnat, Fl. Alp. Marit., 2: 108 (1896)
= Medicago hispida var. oligocarpa (Corb.) Rouy, Fl. Fr., 5: 36 (1899)
= Medicago hispida var. oligogyra Urb., App. Observ. Bot. Berol.: 3 (1872)
= Medicago hispida var. pentacycla (DC.) Urb., Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb., 15: 75 (1873)
= Medicago hispida var. pentagyra Urb., App. Observ. Bot. Berol.: 4 (1872)
= Medicago hispida var. polygyra Urb., App. Observ. Bot. Berol.: 3 (1872)
= Medicago hispida var. reticulata (Benth.) Urb., Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 15: 75 (1873)
= Medicago hispida var. reynieri (Albert) Rouy, Fl. Fr., 5: 37 (1899)
= Medicago hispida var. tricycla (Godr.) Urb., Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb., 15: 75 (1873)
= Medicago hispida var. trigyra Urb., App. Observ. Bot. Berol.: 4 (1872)
= Medicago hispida var. tuberculata (Godr.) Rouy, Fl. Fr.,5: 36 (1899)
= Medicago hystrix Ten., Prod. Fl. Nap. 45 (1812)
= Medicago intermedia DC. ex G.Don, Gen. Hist., 2: 169 (1832)
= Medicago laciniata var. vulgaris (Benth.) Shinners
= Medicago lappacea Desr., Encycl. [Lam.] 3: 637 (1789)
= Medicago lappacea ssp. denticulata (Willd.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 169 (1878)
= Medicago lappacea var. brachyacantha Lowe, Man Fl. Mad.: 158 (1868)
= Medicago lappacea var. denticulata (Willd.) Urb., Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 15: 74 (1873)
= Medicago lappacea var. longispina Urb., Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 15: 75 (1873)
= Medicago lappacea var. macracantha (Webb & Berthel.) Lowe, Man. Fl. Madeira, 1: 158 (1862)
= Medicago lappacea var. microcarpa Urb., Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 15: 74 (1873)
= Medicago lappacea var. microdon Batt., Fl. Algérie [Batt. & Trab.] Dicot.: 231 (1889)
= Medicago lappacea var. paucigyrosa Guss., Fl. Sic. Syn., 2: 366 (1844)
= Medicago lappacea var. pentacycla (DC.) Gren. & Godr., Fl. France [Gren. & Godr.] 1: 390 (1848)
= Medicago lappacea var. tricycla (DC.) Gren. & Godr., Fl. France [Gren. & Godr.] 1: 390 (1848)
= Medicago lappacea var. tuberculata Godr., Fl. Fr., 1: 390 (1849)
= Medicago loretii Albert, Bull. Herb. Boiss. 1, app. 1: 13 (1893)
= Medicago microdon Ehrenb., Cat. Sem. Hort. Berol. (1827)
= Medicago mitis Willd. ex Urb., Ind. Sem. Hort. Berol. (1872) 4
= Medicago neurocarpos Kunze ex Urb., Ind. Sem. Hort. Berol. (1872) 3
= Medicago nigra (L.) Krock., Fl. Siles. 2(2): 244 (1790)
= Medicago nigra ssp. microcarpa (Urb.) O.Bolòs & Vigo, But. Inst. Catalana Hist. Nat., 38 Bot., 1: 69 (1974)
= Medicago nigra var. apiculata (Willd.) O.Bolòs & Vigo, But. Inst. Catalana Hiat. Nat., 38 Bot., 1: 70 (1974)
= Medicago nigra var. denticulata (Willd.) O.Bolòs & Vigo, But. Inst. Catalana Hist. Nat., 38 Bot., 1: 70 (1974)
= Medicago nigra var. pentacycla (DC.) O.Bolòs & Vigo, But. Inst. Catalana Hist. Nat., 38 Bot., 1: 70 (1974)
= Medicago nigra var. polygyra (Urb.) O.Bolòs & Vigo, But. Inst. Catalana Hist. Nat., 38 Bot., 1: 70 (1974)
= Medicago nigra var. tricycla (Godr.) O.Bolós & Vigo, Bullt. Inst. Catal. Hist. Nat., Sect. Bot., 38: 70 (1974)
= Medicago nigra var. vulgaris (Benth.) Franco, Nova Fl. Portugal. 1: 553, 360 (1971)
= Medicago obscura Vis., Fl. Dalm. 3: 283 (1851)
= Medicago oligocarpa Corb., Nouv. Fl. Normandie: 150 (1893)
= Medicago pentacycla DC., Cat. Pl. Hort. Monsp.: 124 (1813)
= Medicago pentacycla var. brevispina Benth., Cat. Pl. Pyr. Bas-Languedoc: 104 (1826)
= Medicago pentacycla var. longeaculeata (Urb.) Rouy, Fl. Fr., 5: 38 (1899)
= Medicago pentacycla var. longiseta Benth., Cat. Pl. Pyr. Bas-Languedoc: 104 (1826)
= Medicago pentacycla var. vulgaris Benth., Cat. Pl. Pyr. Bas-Languedoc: 104 (1826)
= Medicago persica Stev. ex Fisch., Cat. Hort. Gorenk. ed II. (1812) 69
= Medicago polyantha Dulac, Fl. Hautes-Pyr. 278 (1867)
= Medicago polycarpa Godr., Gren. & Godr., Fl. France 1: 389 (1849)
= Medicago polycarpa ssp. polymorpha (L.) Cadevall & Sallent, Fl. Catalunya 2: 85 (1913)
= Medicago polycarpa ssp. reticulata (Benth.) Coste, Fl. Descr. France 3: 719 (1906)
= Medicago polycarpa var. apiculata (Willd.) Godr., Fl. Fr., 1: 390 (1848)
= Medicago polycarpa var. denticulata (Willd.) Godr., Fl. Fr., 1: 390 (1848)
= Medicago polycarpa var. tuberculata Godr., Fl. Fr.,1: 389 (1849)
= Medicago polycarpa Willd., Enum. Pl. [Willd.] suppl.: 52 (1814)
= Medicago polymorpha f. tuberculata (Godr.) Shinners, Rhodora, 58: 11 (1956)
= Medicago polymorpha ssp. hispida (Gaertn.) Ponert, Feddes Repert. 83: 639 (1973)
= Medicago polymorpha ssp. lappacea (Desr.) Bonafè, Fl. Mallorca 3: 39 (1979) (comb. inval.)
= Medicago polymorpha ssp. microcarpa (Urb.) O.Bolòs, Vigo, Masalles & Ninot, Fl. Man. Països Catalans: 1214 (1990)
= Medicago polymorpha ssp. polycarpa (Willd.) Romero Zarco, Lagascalia 14: 146 (1986) (nom. inval.)
= Medicago polymorpha ssp. reticulata (Benth.) Solanas & M.B.Crespo, Sarria, 1: 35 (1998-99 publ. 1999)
= Medicago polymorpha var. brevispina (Benth.) Heyn, Scrip. Hierosolym. 12: 71 (1963)
= Medicago polymorpha var. ciliaris (Ser.) Shinners, Rhodora, 58: 9 (1956)
= Medicago polymorpha var. confinis (Koch) Diklic, Fl. SR Srbije, 10: 115 (1986)
= Medicago polymorpha var. denticulata (Willd.) Kerguélen, Index Synonym. Fl. France (Coll. Patrim. Nat., 8): xiv (1993)
= Medicago polymorpha var. nigra L., Mant. PI.: 454 (1771)
= Medicago polymorpha var. polygyra (Urb.) Shinners, Rhodora, 58: 9 (1956)
= Medicago polymorpha var. tricycla (Godr.) Shinners, Rhodora, 58: 8 (1956)
= Medicago polymorpha var. vulgaris (Benth.) Heyn, Scrip. Hierosolym. 12: 75 (1963)
= Medicago polymorphe var. apiculata (Willd.) Ooststr. & Reichg., Acta Bot. Neerl., 7: 115 (1958)
= Medicago reticulata Benth., Cat. Pl. Pyrenees: 101 (1826)
= Medicago reynieri Albert, Bull. Herb. Boiss. 1: (1893), Append. 1: 14
= Medicago sardoa Moris ex G.Don, Gen. Hist., 2: 170 (1832)
= Medicago serratifolia (Blakelock) Rawi, Dep. Agr. Iraq Tech. Bull., 14: 3 (1965)
= Medicago stricta Wallr. ex Urb., Ind. Sem. Hort. Berol. (1872) 3
= Medicago terebella St.-Lag., Ann. Soc. Bot. Lyon, 7: 130 (1880)
= Medicago terebellum Willd., Sp. Pl. 3: 1416 (1802) (nom. illeg.)
= Medicago tricycla DC., Cat. Pl. Horti Monsp.: 124 (1813)
= Medicago truncatula f. uncinata (Willd.) K.A.Lesins & I.Lesins, Gen. Medicago (Leguminosae): 168 (1979)
= Medicago tuberculata (Godr.) Urb., Ind. Sein. Hort. Berol.: 4 (1872), non (Retzius) Willd. 1802
= Medicago uncinata Urb., Ind. Sem. Hort. Berol. (1872) 4
species :
Medicago praecox DC.; Cat. Pl. Hort. Monsp.: 123 (1813)
Name: Früher Schneckenklee (DE); Early Medick (EN)
Distribution: NE-Spain; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Serbia & Kosovo; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Croatia; Macedonia; Bulgaria; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Crimea; China [I] (Anhui [I], Fujian [I], Guangxi [I], Guizhou [I], Hainan [I], Hubei [I], Hunan [I], Jiangsu [I], Sichuan [I]); Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I], New South Wales [I]); Turkey (SSW-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, S-Cyprus); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); USA [I] (California [I], Massachusetts [I], Oregon [I])
12 BAL COR FRA SAR SPA 13 BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KRI MNT NMA SRB 14 KRY 34 CYP EAI LEB TUR 36 chi 50 aus 73 usa 75 usa 76 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Medicago pontificalis Gennari, Nuovo Giorn- Bot. Ital. 2: 132 (1870)
= Medica praecox (DC.) Bubani, Fl. Pyr., 2: 477 (1900)
= Medicago praecox f. coerulea-venosa Urb., Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb., 15: 75 (1873)
= Medicago ×casellasii P.Monts.s, Collect. Bot. Barcin., 5: 61 (1956)
species :
Medicago prostrata Jacq.; Hort. Bot. Vindob. 1: 39 (1771)
subspecies :
subsp. prostrata
Distribution: E-Austria; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Italy; Serbia & Kosovo; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Slovenia; Croatia; Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Estonia [I]
11 AUT CZE HUN SLO 13 ALB BIH CRO ITA MNT NMA ROM SLV SRB 14 est
Synonyms: hidden
= Medicago declinata Kit., Linnaea 32: 613 (1863)
= Medicago diffusa Steud., Nom. ed. I. 513 (1821)
= Medicago tenuifolia C.Presl, Fl. Sicul. 1: p. 20 (1826)
subspecies :
subsp. pseudorupestris (Hayek) Micevski; God. Zborn. Prir.-Mat. Fak. Univ. Kiril & Metodij Skopje, Biol. 25: 140 (1973)
Distribution: Macedonia; Albania; Greece
13 ALB GRC NMA
Synonyms: hidden
= Medicago pseudorupestris Hayek, Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.-Naturw. Kl., Denks. 94: 172 (1917)
= Medicago prostrata var. glabra Micevski, Fl. Republ. Makedonija 1(5): 1417 (2001)
= Medicago prostrata f. glandulosa Micevski, God. Zborn. Biol., 25: 141 (1973)
= Medicago prostrata var. topolkae Micevski, God. Zborn. Biol., 25: 144 (1973)
subspecies :
subsp. vukovicii Micevski; God. Zborn. Prir.-Mat. Fak. Univ. Kiril & Metodij Skopje, Biol. 25: 142 (1973)
Distribution: Macedonia
13 NMA
Synonyms: hidden
= Medicago prostrata f. pilosa Micevski, God. Zborn. Biol. 25: 143 (1973)
= Medicago prostrata var. matkae Micevski, God. Zborn. Biol., 25: 144 (1973)
species :
Medicago radiata L.; Sp. Pl. 778 (1753)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., Iranian Aserbaijan, S-Iran, W-Iran); Iraq (NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia, W-Iraq: Desert); Israel (Negev Desert, N-Israel, Judean Desert); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, Jazira, NW-Syria, Jbel Druze); Afghanistan (Farah, Faryab, Kandahar); France [I]; Italy [I]; Spain [I]; Kazakhstan; Tajikistan; Uzbekistan; Turkmenistan; Armenia; Azerbaijan (Nachichevan); +Algeria
12 fra spa 13 ita 20 ALG 32 KAZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE 34 AFG IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Radiata
Synonyms: hidden
= Hymenocarpos radiatus (L.) Cav., Elench. Pl. Hort. Matrit. 18 (1803)
= Hymenocarpos radiatus (L.) Link, Enum. Hort. Berol. 2: 267 (1822)
= Medica radiata (L.) Mill., Gard. Dict. ed. VIII. n. 3 (1768)
= Medicago lunata Rchb., Fl. Germ. Excurs.: 501 (1832)
= Medicago radiata f. dasycarpa (Ser.in DC.) Urb., Verh. Bot. Ver. Prov. Brandenb., 15: 51 (1873)
= Medicago radiata var. dasycarpa Ser., DC., Prodr., 2: 172 (1825)
= Melissitus dasycarpus (Ser.) Latsch., Trudy Tiflissk. Bot. Inst. 19: 7 (1958), in obs., sine relat. loc., ex Golosk.
= Melissitus dasycarpus (Ser.) Latsch., Trudy Tiflissk. Bot. Inst.,19: 7 (1970)
= Melissitus radiatus (L.) Latsch., Trudy Tiflissk. Bot. Inst. 19: 16 (1958)
= Nephromedia dasycarpa (Ser.) Czerep., Sosud. Rast. SSSR: 238 (1981)
= Nephromedia radiata (L.) Kostel., Ind. Hort Prag. 92 (1844)
= Pocockia radiata (L.) Trautv., Bull. Sc. Acad. Petersb. 8: 271 (1841)
= Pseudomelissitus dasycarpus (Ser.) Ovcz., Rassulova & Kinzik., Fl. Tadzhikskoi SSR, 5: 329 (1978)
= Pseudomelissitus radiatus (L.) Ovcz., Rassulova & Kinzik., Fl. Tadzhikskoi SSR, 5: 328 (1978)
= Radiata dasycarpa (Ser.) Soják, Sborn. Nár. Muz. Praze, 1982(1-2): 103 (1982)
= Radiata glabra Ovcz.
= Radiata leiocarpa Soják, Sborn. Nár. Muz. Praze, 1982(1-2): 103 (1982) (nom. nov.)
= Telis radiata (L.) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. 209 (1891)
= Trigonella dasycarpa (Ser.) Vassilcz., Acta Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS, Ser. 1, Fasc. 10, 180 (1953)
= Trigonella radiata (L.) Boiss., Fl. Orient. 2: 90 (1872)
species :
Medicago retrorsa (Boiss.) E.Small; Willdenowia, 16(2): 434 (1987)
Distribution: Afghanistan
34 AFG
Synonyms: hidden
= Trigonella retrorsa Boiss., Fl. Orient. 2: 78 (1872)
= Telis retrorsa (Boiss.) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. 209 (1891)
species :
Medicago rhodopea Velen.; Sitzungsber. Königl. Bölini. Ges. Wiss. Prag, Math.-Naturwiss. Cl. 1893(37): 21 (1894)
Distribution: Bulgaria
13 BUL
species :
Medicago rhytidocarpa (Boiss.) E.Small; Willdenowia 16:434 (1987)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Pocockia kotschyi Boiss., Diagn. Ser. I. 9: 12 (1849)
= Telis kotschyi (Boiss.) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. 209 (1891)
= Telis rhytidocarpa Kuntze, Rev. Gen. 209 (1891)
= Trigonella kotschyi (Boiss.) Boiss., Fl. Orient. 2: 87 (1872)
= Trigonella rhytidocarpa Boiss. & Balansa, Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 2, 6: 44 (1859)
species :
Medicago rigida (Boiss. & Balansa) E.Small; Willdenowia 16: 434 (1987)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Trigonella rigida Boiss. & Balansa, Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 2, 5: 79 (1856)
= Telis rigida (Boiss. & Balansa) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. 209 (1891)
species :
Medicago rigidula (L.) All.; Fl. Pedem. 1: 316 (1785)
subspecies :
subsp. rigidula
Name: Samt-Schneckenklee (DE); Field Medick (EN)
Distribution: Romania; Slovakia; Hungary [I]; Portugal; Spain; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Malta; Sicily; Italy; Serbia & Kosovo; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Slovenia; Croatia; Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; Crimea; Libya; Tunisia; Algeria; Morocco; Ukraine; E-European Russia; Northern Caucasus; Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Uzbekistan; Turkmenistan; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia [Caucasus]; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains); Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Egypt (Nile Delta); European Turkey; Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, S-Iran, W-Iran); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia, W-Iraq: Desert); Israel (Rift Valley, N-Israel, Judean Desert, coastal W-Israel); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, C-Syrian Desert, Jazira, NW-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains); Afghanistan (Herat, Qunduz, Takhar); USA [I] (Massachusetts [I])
11 hun SLO 12 BAL COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KRI MLT MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SRB TUE 14 KRY RUS UKR 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR 75 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Medica villosa (DC.) Bubani, Fl. Pyren. 2: 478 (1900)
= Medicago agrestis Ten., Fl. Napol. 1: 71 (1811-1815)
= Medicago banofcensis Kit., Linnaea, 32: 615 (1863)
= Medicago bondevii Kozuharov, Izv. Bot. Inst. (Sofija) 15: 157 (1965)
= Medicago bonofcensis Kit., Linnaea, 32: 615 (1863)
= Medicago cinerascens Jord., F. W. Schultz, Arch. Fl. France Allemagne: 316 (1854)
= Medicago cinerascens var. longiseta Lamotte, Prodr. Fl. Fr. Plateau Central: 192 (1877)
= Medicago depressa Jord., Cat. Graines Jard. Dijon 1848: 28 (1848)
= Medicago gaditana Pérez Lara ex Willk., Österr. Bot. Z., 41(3): 85 (1891)
= Medicago gerardii ssp. agrestis (Ten.) Bonnier & Layens, Fl. Fr.: 75 (1894)
= Medicago gerardii var. minor Ser., DC., Prodr., 2: 179 (1825)
= Medicago gerardii Willd., Sp. Pl. 3: 1415 (1802)
= Medicago germana Jord., F. W. Schultz, Arch. Fl. France Allemagne: 316 (1854)
= Medicago mitis Delile ex Nyman, Consp. 168 (1878)
= Medicago morisiana Jord., Mém. Acad. Roy. Sci. Lyon, Sect. Sci. ser. 2, 1: 264 (1851)
= Medicago muricata (L.) Allioni, Fl. Pedem., 1: 316 (1785)
= Medicago obscura var. muricata (L.) Rouy, Fl. Fr., 5: 24 (1899)
= Medicago polymorpha var. rigidula L., Sp. Pl.: 780 (1753)
= Medicago polymorpha var. muricata L., Sp. Pl., 2: 781 (1753)
= Medicago pseudogerardi Schur, Verh. Naturf. Ver. Bruenn, 15(2): 174 (1877)
= Medicago rigidula f. cinerascens (Jord.) Kozuharov, Bulg. Acad. Sci., 15: 156 (1965)
= Medicago rigidula f. discoidea Kozuharov, Bulg. Acad. Sci., 15: 156 (1965)
= Medicago rigidula f. elegans Kozuharov, Bulg. Acad. Sci., 15: 155 (1965)
= Medicago rigidula f. pastoralis Kozuharov, Bulg. Acad. Sci., 15: 155 (1965)
= Medicago rigidula f. submitis (Boiss.) Kozuharov, Bulg. Acad. Sci., 15: 156 (1965)
= Medicago rigidula f. subnodulosa Kozuharov, Bulg. Acad. Sci., 15: 155 (1965)
= Medicago rigidula ssp. agrestis (Ten.) Ponert, Feddes Repert. 83: 640 (1973)
= Medicago rigidula ssp. cinerascens (Jord.) Ponert, Feddes Repert. 83: 639 (1973)
= Medicago rigidula ssp. zoharyi Ponert, Feddes Repert. 83: 640 (1973)
= Medicago rigidula var. agrestis (Ten.) Burnat, Fl. Alpes Marit. 2: 102 (1892)
= Medicago rigidula var. brevispina Rouy, Fl. Fr., 5: 26 (1899)
= Medicago rigidula var. cinerascens (Jord.) Rouy, Fl. Fr., 5: 26 (1899)
= Medicago rigidula var. compacta Kozuharov, Bulg. Acad. Sci., 15: 155 (1965)
= Medicago rigidula var. compacta Kozuharov f.viscosa Kozuharov, Bulg. Acad. Sci., 15: 155 (1965)
= Medicago rigidula var. eriocarpa Rouy, Fl. Fr., 5: 26 (1899)
= Medicago rigidula var. gerardii (Waldst. & Kit. ex Willd.) Burnat, Fl. Alp. Marit., 2: 101 (1896)
= Medicago rigidula var. germana (Jord.) Rouy, Fl. France [Rouy & Foucaud] 5: 25 (1899)
= Medicago rigidula var. lamottei Rouy, Fl. Fr., 5: 26 (1899)
= Medicago rigidula var. minor (Ser.) Morariu, Fl. Rom., 5: 133 (1957)
= Medicago rigidula var. morisiana (Jord.) Rouy, Fl. Fr., 5: 25 (1899)
= Medicago rigidula var. submitis Boiss., Fl. Orient., 2: 101 (1872)
= Medicago rigidula var. suffrutescens Willk. ex Pérez Lara, Anal. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat., 21: 246 (1892)
= Medicago rigidula var. turbiniformis Kozuharov, Bulg. Acad. Sci., 15: 156 (1965)
= Medicago timeroyi Jord., Cat. Graines Jard. Dijon 1848: 29 (1848)
= Medicago tomentosa Chevall., Fl. Gen. Env. Paris, 2: 782 (1827)
= Medicago villosa DC., Fl. Fr. 4: 545 (1805), non Brot. 1804
subspecies :
subsp. sinskiae (Uljanova) Mehregan & Rahimin.; Iranian J. Bot. 9(2): 214 (2002)
Distribution: Turkmenistan
32 TKM
Synonyms: hidden
= Medicago sinskiae Uljanova, Novit. Syst. Pl. Vasc., Acad. Sci. URSS, 175 (1964)
species :
Medicago rigiduloides E.Small; Canad. J. Bot., 68(12): 2614 (1990)
Distribution: Iraq
34 IRQ
species :
Medicago rostrata (Boiss. & Balansa) E.Small; Willdenowia 16. 434 (1987)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Melissitus rostratus (Boiss. & Balansa) Latsch., Trudy Tiflissk. Bot. Inst. 19: 7 (1958), in obs., sine relat. loc.
= Pocockia rostrata Boiss. & Balansa, Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 2, 6: 43 (1859)
= Telis rostrata (Boiss. & Balansa) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. 209 (1891)
= Trigonella rostrata (Boiss. & Balansa) Boiss., Fl. Orient. 2: 89 (1872)
species :
Medicago rotata Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. 2: 24 (1843)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, N-Cyprus); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, C-Syrian Desert, Jazira, NW-Syria, Jbel Druze); Morocco [I]
20 mor 34 CYP IRQ ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR
Remarks: rotata agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Medicago rotata var. eliezerii Eig
= Medicago rotata ssp. eliezeri (Eig) Ponert, Feddes Repert. 83: 639 (1973)
species :
Medicago rugosa Desr.; Lam., Encycl. 3: 632 (1792)
Name: Runzliger Schneckenklee (DE); Rugose Medick (EN)
Distribution: Portugal [I]; Spain [I]; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Malta; Sicily; Italy; Libya; Tunisia; Algeria; Morocco; Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus); Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, Judean Desert); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (NW-Syria); Hawaii [I] (Kauai [I], Oahu [I], West Maui [I], Hawaii Isl. [I])
12 COR FRA por SAR spa 13 GRC ITA KRI MLT SIC 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN 34 CYP EAI ISR LEB SYR 63 haw
Synonyms: hidden
= Medicago elegans var. incisa Moris, Fl. Sard.,1: 437-438 (1837)
= Medicago elegans Pourr. ex Willk. & Lange, Prodr Fl. Hispan., 3: 384 (1877)
= Medicago elegans Jacq. ex Willd., Sp. Pl. 3: 1408 (1802) (nom. illeg.)
= Medicago orbicularioides P.Candargy, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 44: 161 (1897)
= Medicago rugosa f. incisa (Moris) Urb., Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb., 15: 64 (1873)
= Medicago rugosa var. graeca Heldr. ex Nyman, Consp.: 167 (1878)
species :
Medicago rupestris M.Bieb.; Fl. Taur.-Caucas. 2: 225 (1808)
Distribution: Crimea; Northern Caucasus (Krasnodar)
14 KRY 33 NCS
species :
Medicago ruthenica (L.) Trautv.; Bull. Sc. Acad. Petersb. 8: (1841) 271; Ledeb. Fl. Ross. 1: 523
Distribution: Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Russian Far East; Mongolia; China (Gansu, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Sichuan); Korea [I]
30 SIB 31 RFE 36 CHI 37 MON 38 kor
Synonyms: hidden
= Medicago korshinskyi (Grossh.) Kamelin & Gubanov, Byull. Mosk. Obshch. Ispyt. Prir., Biol., 97(5): 63 (1992)
= Medicago liaosiensis (P.Y.Fu & Y.A.Chen) X.Y.Zhu & Y.F.Du, Legumes China 603 (2007)
= Medicago ruthenica E.H.L.Krause, Sturm, Fl. Deutschland. ed. 2, 9: 129 (1901)
= Medicago ruthenica Kom. & Klokov, Alis. Key Pl. Far East Reg. U. S. S. R., 2: 662(1932), partim., non Ledeb
= Medicago ruthenica var. inschanica (H.C.Fu & Y.Q.Jiang) X.Y.Zhu, Legumes China 607 (2007)
= Melilotoides korshinskyi (Grossh.) Czerep., Vasc. Pl. Russia & Adj. States (former USSR): 251 (1995)
= Melilotoides ruthenica var. tianzhuensis C.L.Xu, Guihaia 36(9): 1023 (2016)
= Melilotoides ruthenica (L.) Soják, Sborn. Nár. Muz. Praze, 1982(1-2): 104 (1982)
= Melilotoides ruthenica var. inschanica (H.C.Fu & Y.Q.Jiang) H.C.Fu & Y.Q.Jiang, Fl. Intramongolica, Ser. 2, 3: 196 (1989)
= Melilotoides ruthenica var. liaosiensis (P.Y.Fu & Y.A.Chen) H.C.Fu & Y.Q.Jiang, Fl. Intramongolica, Ser. 2, 3: 195 (1989)
= Melilotoides ruthenica var. oblongifolia (Fr.) H.C.Fu & Y.Q.Jiang, Fl. Intramongolica, Ser. 2, 3: 195 (1989), without basionym ref.
= Melilotus integerrima Stev. ex Trautv., Bull. Sc. Acad. Petersb. 8: 271 (1841)
= Melilotus laxa Stev. ex Trautv., Bull. Sc. Acad. Petersb. vili. 271 (1841)
= Melilotus micrantha Willd. ex Stev., Bull. Soc. Nat. Mosc. 29: (1856) II. 133
= Melilotus rariflora Eichw., Pl. Casp. Caucasus 7
= Melissitus korshinskyi (Grossh.) Latsch., Zam. Sist. Geogr. Rast., 32: 20 (1976)
= Melissitus liaosiensis (P.Y.Fu & Y.A.Chen) Yakovlev, Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast., 16: 138 (1979)
= Melissitus liaosiensis (P.Y.Fu & Y.A.Chen) P.Y.Fu & Y.A.Chen, Fl. Liaoningica, chief ed. S. X. Li, 1: 901 (1988), isonym
= Melissitus ruthenicus (L.) C.W.Chang, Fl. Tsinlingensis, 1(3): 23 (1981) comb. superfl.
= Melissitus ruthenicus (L.) Latsch., Zam. Sist. Geogr. Rast., 32: 21 (1976)
= Melissitus ruthenicus (L.) Peschkova, Fl. Tsentral´noi Sibiri, 2: 587 (1979) comb. superfl.
= Melissitus ruthenicus var. inschanicus (H.C.Fu & Y.Q.Jiang) H.C.Fu & Y.Q.Jiang, Acta Sci. Nat. Univ. Intramongolicae, 18(2): 391 (1987)
= Melissitus ruthenicus var. liaosiensis (P.Y.Fu & Y.A.Chen) H.C.Fu & Y.Q.Jiang, Acta Sci. Nat. Univ. Intramongolicae, 18(2): 391 (1987)
= Melissitus ruthenicus var. liaosiensis (P.Y.Fu & Y.A.Chen) X.P.Jiang, Fl. Beijing, 1: 429 (1984), without basionym ref.
= Melissitus ruthenicus var. oblongifolius (Fr.) H.C.Fu & Y.Q.Jiang, Acta Sci. Nat. Univ. Intramongolicae, 18(2): 391 (1987)
= Pocockia liaosiensis P.Y.Fu & Y.A.Chen, Fl. Plant. Herb. Chinae bor.-or., 5: 176 (1976)
= Pocockia ruthenica (L.) Boiss., Diagn. Ser. I. 9: 12 (1849)
= Pocockia ruthenica (L.) P.Y.Fu & Y.A.Chen, Fl. Plant. Herb. Chinae bor.-or., 5: 70 (1976)
= Pocockia ruthenica var. inschanica H.C.Fu & Y.Q.Jiang, Fl. Intramongolica, 3: 287 1977 (1978)
= Pocockia ruthenica var. liaosiensis (P.Y.Fu & Y.A.Chen) H.C.Fu & Y.Q.Jiang, Fl. Intramongolica, 3: 146 1977 (1978), without basionym ref.
= Sertula ruthenica Kuntze, Rev. Gen. 205 (1891)
= Trigonella korshinskyi Grossh., Fl. URSS, ed. Kom., 11: 127 (1945)
= Trigonella ruthenica f. oblongifolia Fr.
= Trigonella ruthenica L., Sp. Pl. 776 (1753)
= Turukhania ruthenica (L.) N.S.Pavlova, Sosud. Rast. Sovet. Dal´nego Vostoka, 4: 321 (1989)
species :
Medicago sativa L.; Sp. Pl.: 778 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. sativa
Name: Luzerne, Alfalfa
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Cyprus (N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus); Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Egypt (Desert Oases, Nile Delta, Nile Valley, NW-coastal Egypt); Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, S-Iran, W-Iran); Iraq (NE-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia); Jordania (S-Jordania); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Saudi Arabia (C-Saudi Arabia, Dahana, NE-Saudi Arabia, N-Saudi Arabia, Nafud Desert, Hejaz, Asir, Nejd Desert); Qatar [I]; Syria (C-Syrian Desert, NW-Syria); Yemen (Aden Desert, N-Inner Yemen, SE-Yemen: coastal Hadhramaut, SW-Yemen, W-Yemen); Afghanistan (Badakshan, Wakhan, Baghlan, Bamyan, Ghazni, Farah, Kabul, Kunar / Nuristan, Wardak, Nangarhar, Paktia / Khost, Parwan, Takhar, Zabul); Pakistan; NW-India (Jammu & Kashmir); Andaman Isl. [I]; Vietnam [I]; Nicobar Isl. [I]; India (Himachal Pradesh); Crimea; European Russia; Belarus; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan (incl. Nachichevan); Kazakhstan; Georgia [Caucasus]; Siberia (W-Siberia); Russian Far East; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Uzbekistan; Turkmenistan; Austria [I]; Belgium [I]; England [I]; Channel Isl. [I]; Czech Republic [I]; Slovakia [I]; Denmark [I]; Finland [I]; Germany [I]; Ireland [I]; Switzerland [I]; Liechtenstein [I]; Netherlands [I]; Hungary [I]; Norway [I]; Poland [I]; Romania [I]; Sweden [I]; Portugal [I]; Spain [I]; Gibraltar [I]; Baleares [I]; France [I]; Corsica [I]; Sardinia [I]; Malta [I]; Sicily [I]; Italy [I]; Slovenia [I]; Croatia [I]; Macedonia [I]; Bosnia & Hercegovina [I]; Albania [I]; Bulgaria [I]; Estonia [I]; Latvia [I]; Lithuania [I]; Belarus [I]; Ukraine [I]; Taiwan [I]; Korea [I]; China [I] (widespread); Libya [I]; Tunisia [I]; Algeria [I]; Morocco [I]; Japan [I]; Mongolia [I]; Guam [I]; Kermadec Isl. [I]; Mauritius [I]; Réunion [I]; Sudan [I]; Azores [I] (Santa Maria Isl. [I], Terceira [I], Graciosa [I]); Canary Isl. [I] (Fuerteventura [I], Hierro [I], Lanzarote [I], Gran Canaria [I], Tenerife [I]); Hawaii [I] (Midway Isl. [I], Kauai [I], Oahu [I], Molokai [I], Lanai [I], Maui [I], Hawaii Isl. [I]); Chatham Isl. [I]; New Zealand [I]; Alaska [I]; USA [I] (Alabama [I], Arkansas [I], Arizona [I], California [I], Colorado [I], Connecticut [I], District of Columbia [I], Delaware [I], Florida [I], Georgia [I], Iowa [I], Idaho [I], Illinois [I], Indiana [I], Kansas [I], Kentucky [I], Louisiana [I], Massachusetts [I], Maryland [I], Maine [I], Michigan [I], Minnesota [I], Missouri [I], Mississippi [I], Montana [I], North Carolina [I], North Dakota [I], Nebraska [I], New Hampshire [I], New Jersey [I], New Mexico [I], Nevada [I], New York [I], Ohio [I], Oklahoma [I], Oregon [I], Pennsylvania [I], Rhode Island [I], South Carolina [I], South Dakota [I], Tennessee [I], Texas [I], Utah [I], Virginia [I], Vermont [I], Washington State [I], Wisconsin [I], West Virginia [I], Wyoming [I]); Canada [I] (Alberta [I], British Columbia [I], Labrador [I], Manitoba [I], New Brunswick [I], Newfoundland [I], Nova Scotia [I], N-Territories [I], Ontario [I], Prince Edward Isl. [I], Québec [I], Saskatchewan [I], Yukon [I]); Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); Java [I]; Sri Lanka [I]; Nepal [I]; Peru [I]; South Africa [I] (widespread); Angola [I]; Cuba [I]; Hispaniola [I]; Puerto Rico [I]; Virgin Isl. [I]; Guadeloupe [I]; Mexico [I]; Bolivia [I]; Venezuela [I]; Paraguay [I]; Ecuador [I]; Fiji [I]; Falkland Isl. [I]; Chile [I]; Juan Fdz. Isl. [I]; Argentina [I]; Uruguay [I]; Colombia [I]; Honduras [I]
10 den fin grb ire nor swe 11 aut bgm cze ger hun lie net pol slo swi 12 bal cis cor fra gib por sar spa 13 alb bih bul cro GRC ita KRI mlt nma rom sic slv 14 blr BLR est KRY lat lit RUS ukr 20 alg EGY lby mor tun 21 azo cny 24 sud 26 ang 27 saf 29 mau reu 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG CYP EAI IRN IRQ JOR LEB SYR TUR 35 qat SAU YEM 36 chi 37 mon 38 jap kor tai 40 IND nep PAK srl 41 and ncb vie 42 jaw 50 aus 51 ctm ker nzl 60 fij 62 gum 63 haw 70 ask cdn 71 cdn 72 cdn 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa 79 mex 80 hon 81 cub gdl his pue vir 82 clm ven 83 bol ecu per 85 arg cle jnf par uru 91 fal
Remarks: sativa agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Medica legitima Greene, Fl. Francisc. 101 (1894)
= Medica sativa (L.) Lam., Fl. Fr. 2: 584 (1779)
= Medica sativa (L.) Mill., Gard. Dict., ed. 8: no. 1 (1768)
= Medica sativa f. alba Benke, Amer. Midl. Not., 16: 424 (1935)
= Medicago afghanica (Bordakov) Vassilcz., Journ. Bot. URSS, 31: No. 3, 28 (1946)
= Medicago agropyretorum Vassilcz., Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 26(1): 44 (1941)
= Medicago asiatica Sinskaya, Fl. Cult. Pl. USSR, 13: 1. 71 (1950)
= Medicago asiatica ssp. geratica Sinskaya, Fl. Cult. Pl. USSR,13(1): 82 (1950)
= Medicago asiatica ssp. kandagharo-kabulica (Bordakov) Sinskaya, Fl. Cult. PI. USSR, 13(1): 79 (1950)
= Medicago asiatica ssp. kitivinica Sinskaya, Fl. Cult. Pl. USSR,13(1): 75 (1950)
= Medicago asiatica ssp. sinensis Sinskaya, Fl. Cult. PI. USSR, 13(1): 82 (1950)
= Medicago asiatica ssp. turkestanica (Vildebouchevich) Sinskaya, Fl. Cult. Pl. USSR, 13(1): 71 (1950)
= Medicago asiatica var. integrifoliola C.W.Chang, Fl. Tsinlingensis, 1(3): 444, 25 (1981)
= Medicago beipinensis Vassilcz., Trudy Bot. Inst. Akad. Nauk S. S. S. R., Ser. 1, Fl. Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 8: 62 (1949), sine descr. lat.
= Medicago caerulea Less. ex Ledeb., Fl. Ross. 1: 526 (1843)
= Medicago caerulea ssp. caspica Sinskaya
= Medicago caerulea ssp. infradaghestanica Sinskaya
= Medicago caerulea ssp. pilifera (Urb.) Vassilcz.
= Medicago caerulea ssp. semicoerulea Sinskaya
= Medicago eusativa Sinskaya, Fl. Cult. Pl. USSR, 13(1): 65 (1950)
= Medicago glandulosa W.D.J.Koch, Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv., ed. 2: 176 (1843)
= Medicago glutinosa var. macrocarpa (Urb.) Grossh., Sci. Pap. Appl. Sect. Tiflis Bot. Gard, 1: 23 (1919)
= Medicago grandiflora (Grossh.) Vassilcz., Volume of Scientific work carried out, Leningrad (1941-43): 101 (1945)
= Medicago jemenensis Sinskaya, Fl. Cult. Pl. USSR,13(1): 55 (1950)
= Medicago jemenensis Sinskaya ssp. subarabica Sinskaya, Fl. Cult. Pl. USSR,13(1): 59 (1950)
= Medicago karatschaica Latsch., Not. Syst. Geogr. Inst. Bot. Thbiliss., Fasc. 21, 29 (1959)
= Medicago kopetdaghi Vassilcz., Vol. Sci. Works Leningrad 1941-43, ed. Schitchk., 101 (1946)
= Medicago lavrenkoi Vassilcz., Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS, 13: 141 (1950)
= Medicago legitima Clus ex Greene, Man. Bot. San Francisco: 101 (1894)
= Medicago mesopotamica Vassilcz., Journ. Bot. URSS, 31: No. 3, 27 (1946)
= Medicago mirandana Sennen & Elías, Bol. Soc. Aragonesa Ci. Nat., 26: 89 (1927)
= Medicago orientalis ssp. anatolica (Bordakov) Sinskaya, Fl. Cult. Pl. U. S. S. R., 13(1): 64 (1950)
= Medicago orientalis Vassilcz., Journ. Bot. URSS, 31: No. 3, 28 (1946)
= Medicago pauciflora Ledeb., Fl. Ross., 1: 526 (1843)
= Medicago pekinensis Vassilcz., Bot. Mater. Gerb. Bot. Inst. Komarova Akad. Nauk S. S. S. R. 12: 114 (1950)
= Medicago polia (Brand) Vassilcz., Journ. Bot. URSS, 31: No. 3, 27 (1946)
= Medicago praesativa Sinskaya, Fl. Cult. Pl. USSR 13,1: 51 (1950), sine descr. lat.
= Medicago praesativa ssp. armena Sinskaya, Fl. Cult. Pl. USSR, 13(1): 52 (1950)
= Medicago praesativa ssp. sponanea Sinskaya, Fl. Cult. Pl. U. S. S. R., 13(1): 51 (1950)
= Medicago rivularis Vassilcz., Vol. Sci. Works Leningrad 1941-43, ed. Schischk., 101 (1946)
= Medicago sativa f. microphylla Pau, Not. Bot. Fl. Espan., 4: 27 (1891)
= Medicago sativa f. prolifera Dore, Can. Field-Nat., 73: 150 (1959)
= Medicago sativa f. salaverryensis J.F.Macbr., Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Bot., ser. 8(2): 97 (1930)
= Medicago sativa ssp. caerulea (Ledeb.) Schmalh., Fl. Sredn. Juln. Rossii 1: 226 (1895)
= Medicago sativa ssp. faurei Maire, Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 24: 28 (1933)
= Medicago sativa ssp. macrocarpa Urb., Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenb., 15: 56 (1873)
= Medicago sativa ssp. microcarpa Urb., Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 15: 57 (1873)
= Medicago sativa ssp. transoxana (Vassilcz.) Lubenetz
= Medicago sativa ssp. tunetana Murb., Acta Univ. Lund. 33(12): 62 (1897)
= Medicago sativa subvar. kandagharo-kabulica Bordakov, Armen. Agr.: 113 (1929)
= Medicago sativa subvar. provincialis Bordakov, Bull. Appl. Bot. Pl. Breed., 19: 113 (1929)
= Medicago sativa subvar. tunetana (Murb.) Nègre, Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 50: 283 (1961)
= Medicago sativa subvar. vavilovi Bordakov, Armen. Agr.: 113 (1929)
= Medicago sativa var. anatolica Bordakov, Bull. Appl. Bot. Pl. Breed., 19: 8 (1929)
= Medicago sativa var. austro-europaea Bordakov, Bull. Appl. Bot. Pl. Breed., 19: 8 (1929)
= Medicago sativa var. erecta Schweinf., Samml. arab.-aethiop., 4: 355 (1896)
= Medicago sativa var. gaetula Urb., Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 15: 57 (1873)
= Medicago sativa var. gigantea Grossh.
= Medicago sativa var. grandiflora Grossh., Zap. Nauchno-Prikl. Otd. Tiflissk. Bot. Sada 1: 28 (1919)
= Medicago sativa var. polia C.J.Brand, U. S. D. A. Bur. Pl. Industr. Bull., 118: 23 (1907)
= Medicago sativa var. syriaco-palestinica Bordakov, Bull. Appl. Bot. Pl. Breed., 19: 8 (1929)
= Medicago sativa var. takestnilka (Vildebouchevich) Bordakov, Armen. Agr.: 113 (1939)
= Medicago sativa var. tibetana Alef.
= Medicago sativa var. tripolitanica Bordakov, Bull. Appl. Bot. Pl. Breed., 19: 8 (1929)
= Medicago sogdiana var. chivensis Vassilcz., Acta Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. U. S. S. R., ser. 1, 8: 92 (1949)
= Medicago sogdiana Vassilcz., Journ. Bot. URSS, 31: No. 3, 24 (1946)
= Medicago syriaco-palestinica (Bordakov) Sinskaya, Fl. Cult. Pl. USSR, 13: 1. 61 (1950)
= Medicago tadzhicorum Vassilcz., Acta Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS, Ser. 1, Fasc. 8, 32 (1949), sine descr. lat., et Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast., 18: 211 (1981)
= Medicago tibetana (Alef.) Vassilcz., Vol. Sci. Works Leningrad 1941-43, ed. Schischk., 101 (1946)
= Medicago transoxana var. kopetdaghi (Vassilcz.) Khass., Dikor. Iyutserny Srednei Assii: 34 (1972)
= Medicago transoxana var. tadzhicorum (Vassilcz.) Khass.
= Medicago transoxana Vassilcz., Vol. Sci. Works Leningrad 1941-43, ed. Schischk., 101 (1946)
= Medicago tripolitanica (Bordakov) Sinskaya, Fl. Cult. Pl. USSR, 13(1): 59 (1950)
= Medicago tunetana (Murb.) A.W.Hill, Index Kew. Suppl. 6: 125 (1926)
= Medicago tunetana (Murb.) Vassilcz., Acta Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS, Ser. 1, Fasc. 8, 71 (1949), comb. superfl.
= Trigonella upendrae H.J.Chowdhery & R.R.Rao, Bull. Bot. Surv. India, 31(1-4): 156 1989 (1992)
subspecies :
subsp. falcata (L.) Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital.: 160 (1882)
Name: Sichelklee, Yellow alfalfa
Distribution: Austria; Belgium; Luxembourg; England; Channel Isl. [I]; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Denmark; Finland; Germany; Ireland; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Netherlands; Hungary; Norway; Poland; Romania; Sweden; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; N-European Russia; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; W-European Russia; Belarus; Ukraine; Moldova; Portugal; Spain; Baleares; France; Corsica; Italy; Serbia & Kosovo; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Slovenia; Croatia; Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl.; ?Libya; ?Algeria; Morocco [I]; Northern Caucasus (Daghestan, Kabardino-Balkaria, Karacheyevo-Cherkessia, Krasnodar, etc.); Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia [Caucasus]; Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Russian Far East; Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Uzbekistan; Turkmenistan; Tibet; China (Gansu, Hebei, Jilin, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Xinjiang); Mongolia; Australia [I] (Queensland [I], Tasmania [I]); South Africa [I]; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); European Turkey; Lebanon (C-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains); Nepal; Pakistan (Swat, Hazara, Gilgit, Baltistan); India (Kashmir, Ladakh, Zanskar, Assam, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Indian Punjab, Sikkim, Uttar Pradesh); Alaska [I]; USA [I] (Arizona [I], California [I], Delaware [I], Iowa [I], Illinois [I], Kansas [I], Massachusetts [I], Maryland [I], Michigan [I], Minnesota [I], Mississippi [I], Montana [I], North Dakota [I], Nebraska [I], New Jersey [I], Nevada [I], New York [I], Ohio [I], Oregon [I], Pennsylvania [I], South Dakota [I], Utah [I], Virginia [I], Washington State [I], Wisconsin [I], Wyoming [I]); Canada [I] (Alberta [I], British Columbia [I], Manitoba [I], New Brunswick [I], Nova Scotia [I], N-Territories [I], Ontario [I], Prince Edward Isl. [I], Québec [I], Saskatchewan [I], Yukon [I]); Argentina [I]
10 DEN FIN GRB IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 BAL cis COR FRA POR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KRI MNT NMA ROM SLV SRB TUE 14 BLR EST LAT LIT MLD RUS UKR 20 mor 27 saf 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 EAI LEB SYR TUR 36 CHI TIB 37 MON 40 IND NEP PAK 50 aus 70 ask cdn 71 cdn 72 cdn 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 78 usa 85 arg
Synonyms: hidden
= Medica falcata (L.) Mill., Gard. Dict. ed. VIII. n. 2 (1768)
= Medica sylvestris Bubani, Fl. Pyren. 2: 471 (1900)
= Medicago angustifolia Chevall., Fl. Gen. Env. Paris, 2: 779 (1827)
= Medicago aurantiaca Godr., Sect. Med. Acad. Sci. Montpellier 1: 425 (1853)
= Medicago borealis Grossh., Fl. URSS, ed. Kom., 11: 139, 39: (1945)
= Medicago borealis var. micrantha Grossh., Kom., Flora USSR, 11: 140 (1941)
= Medicago difalcata Sinskaya, Bull. Applied Bot., Leningrad, 28: No. 1, 29 (1948)
= Medicago difalcata ssp. kazachstanica Sinskaya, FI. Cult. Pl. U. S. S. R., 13(1): 131 (1950)
= Medicago difalcata ssp. orientalcaucasica Sinskaya, FI. Cult. Pl. U. S. S. R.,13(1): 131 (1950)
= Medicago erecta (Kotov) Kotov, Journ. Bot. Acad. Sc. Ukraine, 1: No. 2, 276, non Winterl (1940)
= Medicago falcata f. gracilis Urb., Verh. Bot. Ver. Prov. Brandenb., 14: 56 (1873)
= Medicago falcata f. prostrata W.D.J.Koch in Rohlings, Deutschl. Fl., 5: 318 (1839)
= Medicago falcata L., Sp. Pl.: 779 (1753)
= Medicago falcata ssp. adenocarpa Soják, Cas. Nár. Muz. (Prague), 150(3-4): 138, 128 1981 (1982)
= Medicago falcata ssp. erecta Kotov, Priroda, 1: 70 (1935)
= Medicago falcata ssp. glandulosa (Davidov) Kozuharov, Izv. Bot. Inst. (Sofija) 15: 141 (1965) (non Koch 1839)
= Medicago falcata ssp. glandulosa (Koch) Greuter & Burdet, Willdenowia 19: 32 (1989)
= Medicago falcata ssp. glareosa Vassilcz., Tr. Bot. Inst. Akad. Nauk S. S. S. R., ser. 1, 14: 40 (1949)
= Medicago falcata ssp. pinetorum Vassilcz., Tr. Bot. Inst. Akad. Nauk S. S. S. R., ser. 1, 14: 42 (1949)
= Medicago falcata ssp. romanica (Prodan) Hayek, Prodr. FI. Penins. Balc., 1: 835 (1927)
= Medicago falcata ssp. romanica (Prodan) O.Schwarz & Klink., Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 74: 182 (1933), comb. superfl.
= Medicago falcata ssp. tenderiensis (Opperman ex Klokov) Vassilcz., Trudy Bot. Inst. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Ser. 1, Fl. Sist. Vyss. Rast. 8: 43 (1949)
= Medicago falcata ssp. tyrnensis (Podp.) Soják, Cas. Nár. Muz. (Prague), 150(3-4): 138 1981 (1982)
= Medicago falcata ssp. urumovii Degen, Magyar Bot. Lapok 12: 214 (1913)
= Medicago falcata var. adscendens Sumnev., Animady. Syst. ex Herb. Univ. Tonisk., 1-2: 10 (1932)
= Medicago falcata var. alpigena Schur, Enum. Pl. Trans.: 151 (1866)
= Medicago falcata var. altaica Sumnev., Animadv. Syst. ex Herb. Univ. Tomsk., 1-2: 13 (1932)
= Medicago falcata var. altissima Grossh., Surv. Crini. Caucas. Medicago: 20 (1919)
= Medicago falcata var. amphitricha Soják, Cas. Nár. Muz. (Prague), 150(3-4): 138 1981 (1982)
= Medicago falcata var. aurea Schur, Schur, Verhandl. Naturf. Ver. Brünn, 15(2): 171 (1876)
= Medicago falcata var. aureiflora Rouy, Rouy & Foucaud
= Medicago falcata var. brevipes Vassilcz., Tr. Bot. Inst. Akad. Nauk S. S. S. R., ser. 1, 14: 42 (1949)
= Medicago falcata var. cretacea Grossh., Fl. U. S. S. R., 11: 145 (1945)
= Medicago falcata var. diffusa Schur, Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 151 (1866)
= Medicago falcata var. dzumagalensis Ubuk., Fl. Kirgizkoi SSR, 7: 156 (1957)
= Medicago falcata var. erecta (Kotov) Grossh., Fl. U. S. S. R., 11: 146 (1945)
= Medicago falcata var. ferruginea Sumnev., Animadv. Syst. ex Herb. Univ. Tomsk., 1-2: 10 (1932)
= Medicago falcata var. foliolata Vassilcz., Tr. Bot. Inst. Akad. Nauk S. S. S. R., ser. 1, 14: 42 (1949)
= Medicago falcata var. foliosa Sumnev., Animadv. Syst. ex Herb. Univ. Tomsk., 1-2: 12 (1932)
= Medicago falcata var. glandulosa Koch, Röhling, Deutschl. Fl. ed. 3, 5: 318 (1839)
= Medicago falcata var. irghisica Vassilcz., Tr. Bot. Inst. Akad. Nauk S. S. S. R., ser. 1, 14: 43 (1949)
= Medicago falcata var. jenisseica Vassilcz., Tr. Bot. Inst. Akad. Nauk S. S. S. R., ser. 1, 14: 43 (1949)
= Medicago falcata var. kithartica Vassilcz., FI. U. S. S. R., 11: 144 (1945)
= Medicago falcata var. lasiagrostidetorum Vassilcz., Fl. S. S. S. R., 11: 143 (1945)
= Medicago falcata var. latifolia Grossh., Obz. Krym.-Kayk. Medicago: 20 (1919)
= Medicago falcata var. lignescens Sumnev., Animadv. Syst. ex Herb. Univ. Tomsk., 1-2: 9 (1932)
= Medicago falcata var. linearifolia Grossh., Obz. Krym.-Kayk. Medicago: 20 (1919)
= Medicago falcata var. macrantha Vassilcz., Tr. Bot. Inst. Akad. Nauk. S. S. S. R., ser. 1, 14: 39 (1949)
= Medicago falcata var. major W.D.J.Koch, Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv., ed. 2: 176 (1844)
= Medicago falcata var. microphylla Cusin & Ansb., Herb. Fl. Fr., 5/6: 1011 (1869)
= Medicago falcata var. mongholica Sumnev., Animadv. Syst. ex Herb. Univ. Tomsk., 1-2: 13 (1932)
= Medicago falcata var. montana Boenn., Prodr. Fl. Monsst. Westph.: 225 (1824)
= Medicago falcata var. orientalis Sumnev., Animadv. Syst. ex Herb. Univ. Tomsk., 1-2: 11 (1932)
= Medicago falcata var. parviflora Grossh., Flor. USSR, 11: 145 (1941)
= Medicago falcata var. pratensis Boenn., Prodr. Fl. Monsst. Westph.: 225 (1824)
= Medicago falcata var. procumbens (Besser) Ledeb., Fl. Ross., 1: 526 (1842)
= Medicago falcata var. pubescens Rouy, Fl. Fr., 5: 11 (1899)
= Medicago falcata var. pygmea Sumnev., Animadv. Syst. ex Herb. Univ. Tomsk., 1-2: 12 (1932)
= Medicago falcata var. ramosissima Sumnev., Animadv. Syst. ex Herb. Univ. Tomsk., 1-2: 13 (1932)
= Medicago falcata var. revoluta Sumnev., Animadv. Syst. ex Herb. Univ. Tomsk., 1-2: 12 (1932)
= Medicago falcata var. riparia Boenn., Prodr. Fl. Monsst. Westph.: 225 (1824)
= Medicago falcata var. robusta Vassilcz., Tr. Bot. Inst. Akad. Nauk S. S. S. R., ser. 1, 14: 39 (1949)
= Medicago falcata var. romanica (Prodan) O.Schwarz & Klink., Verh. Bot. Ver. Prov. Brandenb., 74: 182 (1933)
= Medicago falcata var. sibirica Sumnev., Animadv. Syst. ex Herb. Univ. Tonisk., 1-2: 11 (1932)
= Medicago falcata var. sophiae Bosse ex Grossh., Fl. U. S. S. R., 11: 143 (1945)
= Medicago falcata var. stenocarpa Rchb., Fl. Germ. Excurs.: 504 (1832)
= Medicago falcata var. suberecta Lindem., Bull. Soc. Imp. Nat. Moscou, 1: 495 (1867)
= Medicago falcata var. sylvestris Tourret, Cat. Rais. Plant.: 115 (1903)
= Medicago falcata var. tanaitica Vassilcz., Tr. Bot. Inst. Akad. Nauk S. S. S. R., ser. 1, 14: 43 (1949)
= Medicago falcata var. tarbagatica Sumnev., Animndv. Syst. ex Herb. Univ. Tomsk., 1-2: 9 (1932)
= Medicago falcata var. tenderiensis (Opperman ex Klokov) Vassilcz., Tr. Bot. Inst. Akad. Nauk S. S. S. R., ser. 1, 14: 43 (1949)
= Medicago falcata var. tenella Sumnev., Animadv. Syst. ex Herb. Univ. Tomsk., 1-2: 10 (1932)
= Medicago falcata var. transbaicalensis Vassilcz., Tr. Bot. Inst. Akad. Nauk S. S. S. R., ser. 1, 14: 43 (1949)
= Medicago falcata var. tyrnensis Podp.
= Medicago falcata var. vassilczenkoi Ubuk., Ubuk. Fl. Kirgizkoi SSR, 7: 156 (1957)
= Medicago glandulosa Davidov, Österr. Bot. Z. 52: 493 (1902)
= Medicago glutinosa ssp. praefalcata Sinskaya
= Medicago intermedia Schult., Obs. Bot. 160 (1809)
= Medicago kotovii Wissjul., Fl. RSS Ucr. 6: 367 (1954)
= Medicago laxiflora Schur, Verh. Naturf. Ver. Bruenn, 15(2): 172 (1877)
= Medicago macrocarpa Moris, Fl. Sardoa, 1: 446 (1837)
= Medicago procumbens Besser, Prim. Fl. Galiciae Austriac. 2: 127 (1809)
= Medicago procumbens var. viscosa Rchb., Fl. germ. excurs.: 504 (1832)
= Medicago quasifalcata Sinskaya, Proc. Lenin Acad. Agric. Sci. USSR, 18: No. 4, 300 (1945)
= Medicago romanica Prodan, Fl. Roman. 1: 617 (1923)
= Medicago romanica ssp. cinerea Lindl. ex Vassilcz., Tr. Bot. Inst. Akad. Nauk S. S. S. R., ser. 1, 14: 48 (1949)
= Medicago romanica ssp. revoluta (Sumnev.) Vassilcz., Tr. Bot. Inst. Akad. Nauk S. S. S. R., ser. 1, 14: 47 (1949)
= Medicago romanica var. angustifolia (Chevall.) Grossh., Fl. S. S. S. R., 11: 147 (1945)
= Medicago romanica var. australis Vassilcz., Tr. Bot. Inst. Akad. Nauk S. S. S. R., ser. 1, 14: 48 (1949)
= Medicago romanica var. erecta (Kotov) Grossh., Fl. U. S. S. R., 11: 146 (1945)
= Medicago romanica var. ergenensis Vassilcz., Tr. Bot. Inst. Akad. Nauk S. S. S. R., ser. 1, 14: 48 (1949)
= Medicago romanica var. ferruginea (Sumnev.) Grossh., Fl. U. S. S. R., 11: 14 (1945))
= Medicago romanica var. hirsuta Trautv. ex Grossh., Fl. U. S. S. R., 11: 147 (1945)
= Medicago romanica var. lanata Grossh., Fl. U. S. S. R., 11: 147 (1945)
= Medicago romanica var. linifolia Grossh., Fl. U. S. S. R., 11: 147 (1945)
= Medicago romanica var. sibirica (Sumnev.) Grossh., Fl. U. S. S. R., 11: 146 (1945)
= Medicago sagarrae Sennen, Bull. Soc. Bot. France, 68: 405 (1922)
= Medicago sativa ssp. glandulosa (W.D.J.Koch) Arcang., Comp. Fl. Ital. [Arcang.]: 160 (1882)
= Medicago sativa var. falcata (L.) Döll, Rhein Fl. 802 (1843)
= Medicago sativa var. glandulosa (W.D.J.Koch) Urb., Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 15: 56 (1873)
= Medicago suffruticosa Grossh., Obz. Krym.-Kavk. Medicago: 21 (1919), non Ramond ex DC. (1805)
= Medicago tenderiensis Klokov, Bot. Zurn. (Kiev) 5(2): 44 (1948)
= Medicago vardanis Vassilcz., Journ. Bot. URSS, 31: No. 3, 24 (1946)
subspecies :
subsp. glomerata (Balb.) Rouy; Fl. France 5: 14 (1899)
Distribution: SE-France; Italy; Croatia; Macedonia; Tunisia; Algeria; Northern Caucasus (widespread); Azerbaijan; Georgia [Caucasus]; Crimea; New Zealand [I]
12 FRA 13 CRO ITA NMA 14 KRY 20 ALG TUN 33 AZE GEO NCS 51 nzl
Synonyms: hidden
= Medicago cirtensis Rouy, Fl. Fr., 5: 14 (1899)
= Medicago falcata ssp. glomerata (Balb.) Soják, Cas. Nár. Muz. (Prague), 150(3-4): 138 1981 (1982)
= Medicago glomerata Balb., Elenco: 93 (1801)
= Medicago glutinosa f. grandiflora Sinskaya, Bot. I. USSR, 23(4): 393 (1938)
= Medicago glutinosa M.Bieb., Tabl. Prov. Mer Casp.: 117 (1798)
= Medicago glutinosa ssp. glomerata (Balb.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 166 (1878)
= Medicago glutinosa var. glandulosa Micevski, Fl. Republ. Makedonija 1(5): 1417 (2001)
= Medicago glutinosa var. prostrata Vassilcz., Tr. Bot. Inst. Akad. Nauk S. S. S. R., ser. 1, 14: 68 (1949)
= Medicago gunibica Vassilcz., Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS, 11: 100 (1949)
= Medicago sativa f. glomerata (Balb.) Urb., Verh. Bot. Ver. Prov. Brandenb., 15: 56 (1873)
= Medicago sativa f. glutinosa (M.Bieb.) Urb., Verh. Bot. Ver. Prov. Brandenb., 15: 56 (1873)
= Medicago sativa var. glandulosa (Koch) Alef., Verh. Bot. Ver. Prov. Brandenb., 15: 56 (1873)
= Medicago sativa var. pilifera Urb., Verh. Bot. Ver. Prov. Brandenb., 15: 57 (1873)
= Medicago virescens Grossh., Sc. Papers Applied Sect. Tiflis Bot. Gard. Pt. 1, 26 (1919)
subspecies :
subsp. media (Pers.) Schübl. & G.Martens; Fl. Würtenb.: 467 (1834) [nothossp.]
Name: Luzerne (DE); Lucerne (EN)
Distribution: Europe [I]; Channel Isl. [I]; Czech Republic [I]; Slovenia [I]; Croatia [I]; Africa; Nepal [I]; Pakistan [I]; India [I]; European Russia [I]; Georgia [Caucasus]; Kazakhstan [I]; Kyrgyzstan [I]; Uzbekistan [I]; China [I]; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia); East Aegaean Isl. (Rhodos); Cyprus (C-Mountains); Iran (Iranian Aserbaijan); Lebanon (C-Lebanon); Syria (W-Syrian Mountains)
11 cze 12 cis 13 cro slv 14 rus 32 kaz kgz uzb 33 GEO 34 CYP EAI IRN LEB SYR TUR 36 chi 40 ind nep pak
Remarks: Medicago sativa ssp. falcata x Medicago sativa ssp. sativa
Synonyms: hidden
= Medica media (Pers.) Fourr., Ann. Soc. L. Lyon,N. S. 16: 859 (1868)
= Medica pourretii (Noulet) Bubani, Fl. Pyren. 2: 471 (1900)
= Medicago alaschanica Vassilcz., Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS, 12: 113 (1950)
= Medicago alatavica Vassilcz., Acta Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS, Ser. 1, Fasc. 8, 53 (1949), sine descr. lat.
= Medicago annularis Besser, Prim. Fl. Galic. Austriac., 2: 127 (1809)
= Medicago caerulea var. pauciflora (Ledeb.) Grossh.in Kom., Fl. USSR, 11: 151 (1945)
= Medicago caucasica Vassilcz., Tr. Bot. Inst. Akad. Nauk S. S. S. R., ser. 1, 14: 49 (1949), et Bot. Mater. Gerb. Bot. Inst. Komarova Akad. Muck. SSSR, 13: 141 (1950)
= Medicago cibinensis Lerchenf. ex Schur, Enum. Pl. Transs. 151 (1866)
= Medicago cyclocarpa Hy, Morot. Journ. de Bot. 9: (1895) 9: 431 (1895)
= Medicago falcata ssp. media (Pers.) Bonnier & Layens, Fl. Fr.: 74 (1894)
= Medicago falcata var. ambigua Trautv., Bull. Soc. Imp. Nat. Moscou, 33(1): 474 (1860)
= Medicago falcata var. annularis (Besser) DC., Prodr., 2: 172 (1825)
= Medicago falcata var. cyclocarpa (Hy) Rouy, Fl. Fr., 5: 12 (1899)
= Medicago falcata var. desertorum Trautv., Enum. Pl. Soong.: 474 (1860)
= Medicago falcata var. erectiuscula Rouy, Fl. Fr., 5: 12 (1899)
= Medicago falcata var. hybrida Gaudin, Fl. Helv., 4: 611 (1829)
= Medicago falcata var. media (Pers.) Tourlet, Cat. Rais. Plant.: 115 (1903)
= Medicago falcata var. subdicycla Trautv., Enum. Pl. Soong: 474 (1860)
= Medicago falcata var. versicolor Wallroth, Sched. Crit.: 398 (1822)
= Medicago glutinosa var. denudata Grossh., Nov. dann. Poznan. Kavk. Luyts.: 3 (1925)
= Medicago hemicycla Grossh., Papers Applied Sect. Tiflis Bot. Gard. 4: 147 (1925)
= Medicago hemicycla ssp. loriensis Sinskaya, Bull. Appl. Bot. Pl. Breed., 28(1): 14 (1948)
= Medicago hemicycla ssp. medidaghestanica Sinskaya, Bull. Appl. Bot. Pl. Breed., 28(1): 17 (1948)
= Medicago hemicycla var. leninacanica (Sinskaya) Vassilcz., Acta Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS, ser. 1, 8: 26 (1949)
= Medicago hemicycla var. maxima Vassilcz., Acta Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS, ser. 1, 8: 26 (1949)
= Medicago hybrida (Pourr.) Trautv., Bull. Sci. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Petersb., 8: 271 (1841)
= Medicago komarovii f. longifolia Vassilcz., Acta Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS, ser. 1, 8: 56)
= Medicago komarovii var. cretacea Vassilcz., Acta Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS, ser. 1, 8: 56)
= Medicago komarovii var. incana Vassilcz., Acta Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS, ser. 1, 8: 56)
= Medicago komarovii Vassilcz., Vol. Sci. Works Leningrad 1941-43, ed. Schitchk., 101 (1946)
= Medicago kultiassovii Vassilcz., Acta Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS, ser. 1, 8: 53 (1949)
= Medicago ladak Vassilcz., Journ. Bot. URSS, 31: No. 3, 27 (1946)
= Medicago lilacea Hy in Morot, J. Bot., 9: 432 (1895)
= Medicago media Pers., Syn. 2: 856 (1806)
= Medicago ochroleuca Kult., Del. Sem. Hort. Bot. Princ. Acad. Sci. URSS, 1: 39 (1946)
= Medicago pourretii Noulet, Fl. Bass. Sous-Pyren.: 151 (1837) (nom. illeg.)
= Medicago roborovskii Vassilcz., Bot. Mater. Gerb. Bot. Inst. Komarova Akad. Nauk S. S. S. R. 12: 113 (1950)
= Medicago sativa nssp. ambigua (Trautv.) Tutin, Feddes Repert., 79: 53 (1968)
= Medicago sativa nssp. hemicycla (Grossh.) C.R.Gunn, U. S. D. A. Tech. Bull., 1574: 15 (1978)
= Medicago sativa nssp. varia (Martyn) Arcang., Comp. Fl. Ital., ed. 1: 160 (1882)
= Medicago sativa nssp. varia (Martyn) O.Bolòs & Vigo, But. Inst. Catalana Hist. Nat., 38 Bot., 1: 70 (1974), comb. superfl.
= Medicago sativa nvar. spuria (Hy) Rouy, Fl. Fr., 5: 14 (1899)
= Medicago sativa var. atriflora Alef., Landw. Fl.: 76 (1866)
= Medicago sativa var. decolorans Fr., Nov. Fl. Suec. Cord., 3: 91 (1842)
= Medicago sativa var. gigantea Grossh., Surv. Crim. Caucas. Repr. Medicago: 26 (1919)
= Medicago sativa var. glabrata Grossh., Sci. Pap. Appl. Sect. Tiflis Bot. Gard., 4: 144 (1925)
= Medicago sativa var. intermedia Alef., Landw. Fl.: 76 (1866)
= Medicago sativa var. kochiana Alef., Landw. Fl.: 76 (1866)
= Medicago sativa var. pallida Alef., Landw. Fl.: 73 (1866)
= Medicago sativa var. parviflora Grossh., Zap. Nauchno-Prokl. Otd. Tiflissk. Bot. Sada, 1: 28 (1919)
= Medicago sativa var. pauciflora (Ledeb.) Urb., Verh. Bot. Ver. Prov. Brandenb., 15: 57 (1873)
= Medicago sativa var. pseudofalcata Rouy, Fl. Fr., 5: 15 (1899)
= Medicago sativa var. pseudoglomerata Rouy, Fl. Fr., 5: 15 (1899)
= Medicago sativa var. pseudosativa Rouy, Fl. Fr., 5: 14 (1899)
= Medicago sativa var. rosea Alef., Landw. Fl.: 75 (1866)
= Medicago sativa var. rotundifolia Alef., Landw. Fl.: 75 (1899)
= Medicago sativa var. tibetana Alef., Landw. Fl.: 73 (1899)
= Medicago sativa var. varia (Martyn) Urb., Verh. Bot. Ver. Prov. Brandenb., 15: 57 (1873)
= Medicago sativoides H.Lév., Bull. Acad. Int. Geogr. Bot., 25: 50 (1915)
= Medicago schischkinii Sumnev., Animadvers. Syst. Herb. Univ. Tomsk., Nos. 1-2, p. 5 (1932)
= Medicago spuria Hy in Morot, I. Bot., 9: 431 (1895)
= Medicago subdicycla (Trautv.) Vassilcz., Journ. Bot. URSS, 31: No. 3, 23 (1946)
= Medicago subfalcata Schur, Enum. Pl. Transs. 151 (1866)
= Medicago tetrahemicycla Sinskaya, Fl. Cult. Pl. USSR, 13(1): 83 (1950)
= Medicago tianschanica var. agrenica Khass., Dikor. lyutserny Srednei Assii: 62 (1972)
= Medicago tianschanica var. fruticetorum Vassilcz., Fl. U. S. S. R., 11: 153 (1945)
= Medicago tianschanica var. lavrenkoi (Vassilcz.) Khass., Dikor. lyutserny Srednei Assii: 61 (1972)
= Medicago tianschanica var. oblonga Vassilcz., Fl. USSR, 11: 153 (1945)
= Medicago tianschanica var. obovata Vassilcz., Fl. USSR, 11: 153 (1945)
= Medicago tianschanica var. ochroleuca (Kult.) Khass., Dikor. Iyutserny Srednei Assii: 24 (1972)
= Medicago tianschanica var. riparia Vassilcz., Fl. USSR, 11: 154 (1945)
= Medicago tianschanica var. rivularis (Vassilcz.) Khass., Dikor. lyzttserny Srednei Assii: 71 (1972)
= Medicago tianschanica var. saxatilis Vassilcz., Fl. USSR, 11: 153 (1945)
= Medicago tianschanica Vassilcz., Journ. Bot. URSS, 25: 244 (1940) cf. Grossh. in Fl. URSS, ed. Kom., 11: 153 (1945)
= Medicago trautvetteri Sumnev., Animadvers. Syst. Herb. Univ. Tomsk., Nos. 1-2, p. 3 (1932)
= Medicago trautvetteri var. coenosa Vassilcz., Acta Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS, ser. 1, 8: 25 (1949)
= Medicago trautvetteri var. subdicycla (Vassilcz.) Khass., Dikor. Iyutserny Srednei Assii: 28 (1972)
= Medicago trautvetteri var. tenera Vassilcz., Acta Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS, ser. 1, 8: 25 (1949)
= Medicago trautvetteri var. tougodzharica Vassilcz., Acta Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS, sen 1, 8: 25 (1949)
= Medicago ×varia f. agropyretorum (Vassilcz.) D.F.Cui, Adv. Pl. Taxon. Northwest China (eds. Z. Y. Yu, X. Y. Li & W. Z. Di): 47 (1992)
= Medicago ×varia f. ambigua (Trautv.) D.F.Cui, Adv. Pl. Taxon. Northwest China (eds. Z. Y. Yu, X. Y. Li & W. Z. Di): 47 (1992)
= Medicago ×varia f. rivularis (Vassilcz.) D.F.Cui, Adv. Pl. Taxon. Northwest China (eds. Z. Y. Yu, X. Y. Li & W. Z. Di): 47 (1992)
= Medicago ×varia f. schischkinii (Sumnev.) D.F.Cui, Adv. Pl. Taxon. Northwest China (eds. Z. Y. Yu, X. Y. Li & W. Z. Di): 47 (1992)
= Medicago ×varia f. subdicycla (Trautv.) D.F.Cui, Adv. Pl. Taxon. Northwest China (eds. Z. Y. Yu, X. Y. Li & W. Z. Di): 47 (1992), as ´sudbicycla´
= Medicago ×varia f. tianschanica (Vassilcz.) D.F.Cui, Adv. Pl. Taxon. Northwest China (eds. Z. Y. Yu, X. Y. Li & W. Z. Di): 48 (1992)
= Medicago ×varia Martyn, Fl. Rustic., 3: 87 (1793)
species :
Medicago sauvagei Nègre; Compt.-Rend. Seances Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc 20: 175 (1954)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Medicago sauvagei var. recta Nègre, Trav. Inst. Sci. Chdrifien, Sdr. Bot. 5: 80 (1956)
= Medicago sauvagei var. uncinata Nègre, Trav. Inst. Sci. Chdrifien, Sdr. Bot. 5: 80 (1956)
species :
Medicago saxatilis M.Bieb.; Fl. Taur.-Caucas. 2: 225 (1808)
Distribution: Crimea
14 KRY
Synonyms: hidden
= Medicago cuspidata Tausch, Flora, 14: 211 (1831)
species :
Medicago scutellata (L.) Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. 8: Medicago n 2. (1768)
Name: Schüssel-Schneckenklee (DE); Snail Medick (EN)
Distribution: Spain; Portugal; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Malta; Sicily; Italy; Croatia; Crimea; Ukraine; Tunisia; Algeria; Morocco; Turkey (NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus); Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, C-Syrian Desert, Jbel Druze); USA [I] (Maryland [I]); Austria [I]; Hungary [I]; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); Argentina [I]; Uruguay [I];
11 aut hun 12 BAL COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 CRO GRC ITA KRI MLT SIC 14 KRY UKR 20 ALG MOR TUN 34 CYP EAI ISR LEB SYR TUR 50 aus 78 usa 85 arg uru
Synonyms: hidden
= Cochleata scutellata (L.) Medik., Phil. Bot. 1: 210 (1789)
= Medica scutellata (L.) Bubani, Fl. Pyren. 2: 574 (1900)
= Medicago inermis (Lam.) Lam. ex Steud., Nomencl. Bot.: 513 (1821)
= Medicago polymorpha var. scutellata L., Sp. Pl. 779 (1753)
= Medicago scutellaris All., Rchb., Ic. Fl. Germ, t. 2114 (1867), orth. var.
= Medicago scutellata (L.) All., Fl. Ped. 1: 315 (1785), comb. superfl.
species :
Medicago secundiflora Durieu; Rev. Bot. Recueit Mens. 1: 365 (1846)
Distribution: Spain; Baleares; France; Sicily [I]; Italy [I]; Tunisia; Algeria; Morocco; Libya
12 BAL FRA SPA 13 ita sic 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN
Synonyms: hidden
= Medica secundiflora (Durieu) Bubani, Fl. Pyren. 2: 473 (1900)
= Medicago lupulina ssp. secundiflora (Durieu) Bonnier & Layens, Fl. Fr.: 74 (1894)
= Medicago lupulina var. secundiflora (Durieu) Fiori in Fiori & Paol., Nuova Fl. Analit. Ital.,1: 828 (1925)
= Medicago secundiramea Willk. & Lange, Prod. Fl. Hisp. 3: 417 (1877)
= Medicula secundiflora (Durieu) Holub, Folia Geobot. Phytotax., 18(2): 204 (1983)
species :
Medicago shepardii Post ex Boiss.; Fl. Suppl. 163 (1888)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, S-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Medicago soleirolii Duby; Bot. Gall.: 124 (1828)
Distribution: Baleares [I]; France [I]; Corsica [I]; Italy [I]; Tunisia; Algeria; Crimea; Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Gran Canaria)
12 bal cor fra 13 ita 14 KRY 20 ALG TUN 21 CNY
Synonyms: hidden
= Medicago plagiospira Durieu, Duch. Rev. Bot. 1: 366 (1845)
species :
Medicago suffruticosa DC.; Lam. & DC., Fl. Franc. ed. 3, 4: 541 (1805)
Name: Halbstrauchiger Schneckenklee
Distribution: Spain; Andorra; France; Morocco
12 ADO FRA SPA 20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Medica suffruticosa (DC.) Bubani, Fl. Pyren. 2: 472 (1900)
= Medicago italica ssp. striata (Bastard) Greuter & Burdet, Willdenowia 19: 32 (1989)
= Medicago leiocarpa Benth., Cat. Pl. Pyrénées: 100 (1826)
= Medicago leiocarpa var. segobricensis Pau, Not. Bot. Fl. Espan., 4: 27 (1891)
= Medicago lenticulata Pourr. ex Benth., Cat. Pl. Pyr. 100 (1826)
= Medicago pailleri Phil. ex Nyman, Consp. 166 (1878)
= Medicago striata Bastard, J. Bot. Agric. 3: 19 (1814)
= Medicago suffruticosa ssp. leiocarpa (Benth.) Urb., Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 15: 58 (1873)
= Medicago suffruticosa ssp. maroccana (Batt.) Maire, Jahand. & Maire, Cat. Pl. Maroc: 381 (1932)
= Medicago suffruticosa var. ballii Pau, Bult. Inst. Cat. Hist. Nat. 5: 124 (1925)
= Medicago suffruticosa var. benthamii Duby, Bot. Gall.,1: 123 (1828)
= Medicago suffruticosa var. glabra Costa, Anales Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat., 3: 210 (1874)
= Medicago suffruticosa var. glabrescens Nègre, nom. inval.] [Trav. Inst. Sci. Cherifien, Ser. Bot. 5: 24 (1956)
= Medicago suffruticosa var. maroccana Batt., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 54(6): 546 (1907)
= Medicago suffruticosa var. segobricensis Pau, Not. Bot. Fl. Esp., 4: 27 (1891)
= Medicago suffruticosa var. villosa Benth., Cat. Pl. Pyrenees: 100 (1826)
= Medicago tomentosa Dulac, Fl. Hautes-Pyr. 273 (1867), non Chevall. 1927
= Medicago tornata ssp. striata (Bastard) Kerguélen, Lejeunia ser. 2, 120: 127 (1987)
species :
Medicago syriaca E.Small; Canad. J. Bot., 68(7): 1476 (1990)
Distribution: Syria
34 SYR
species :
Medicago tenoreana DC.; Prodr. 2: 180 (1825)
Distribution: France; Sardinia; Malta; Sicily; Italy; Croatia
12 FRA SAR 13 CRO ITA MLT SIC
Synonyms: hidden
= Medicago cancellata Ten., Prod. p. 45 (1810) non M. Bieb. 1808
species :
Medicago tetraprostrata J.S.Erikss. & B.E.Pfeil; Molec. Phylogen. Evol. 107: 379 (2017)
Distribution: cultivated (origin unknown)
species :
Medicago truncatula Gaertn.; Fruct. Sem. Pl. 2: 350 (1791)
Name: Starkdorniger Schneckenklee (DE); Strong-spined Medick (EN)
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Malta; Sicily; Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; ?Montenegro; Libya; Tunisia; Algeria; Morocco; Turkey (Inner Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus); Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Egypt (Desert Oases, NW-coastal Egypt); Lebanon (coastal W-Lebanon); Israel (N-Negev Desert, N-Israel, coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley); Lebanon (Antilebanon); Syria (NW-Syria); Madeira (Madeira Isl., Ilhas Desertas, Porto Santo Isl.); Canary Isl. (Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, La Palma Isl., Hierro, Lanzarote); Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia [Caucasus]; Turkmenistan; Belarus [I]; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], Northern Territory [I], South Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I]); Argentina [I]; Paraguay [I]; Uruguay [I]
12 BAL COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 CRO GRC ITA KRI MLT SIC SLV 14 blr 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 21 CNY MDR 32 TKM 33 ARM AZE GEO 34 CYP EAI ISR LEB SYR TUR 50 aus 85 arg par uru
Synonyms: hidden
= Medica tribuloides (Desr.) Bubani, Fl. Pyren. 2: 477 (1900)
= Medicago crassispina Vis., Flora, 12: (1829) I. Erg. 20
= Medicago glabella C.Presl, Delic. Prag.: 44 (1822)
= Medicago hornemaniana Ser., DC., Prodr., 2: 177 (1825)
= Medicago pubescens Hornem., Hort. Reg. Hafn., 2: 726 (1815)
= Medicago rigidula Willd., Sp. Pl. 3: 1417 (1802) non (L.) All. 1785
= Medicago tentaculata Willd., Sp. Pl. 3: 1413 (1802) (nom. illeg.)
= Medicago tribuloides Desr., Encycl. [Lam.] 3: 635 (1789)
= Medicago tribuloides ssp. truncatula (Gaertn.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 167 (1878)
= Medicago tribuloides var. breviaculeata Moris, Fl. Sard., 1: 441 (1837)
= Medicago tribuloides var. cosyrensis Sommier, Fl. Isola Pentelleria: 27 (1922)
= Medicago tribuloides var. longeaculeata Ball, Spicil. Fl. Marocc. [Ball]: 413 (1878)
= Medicago tribuloides var. muricata Menezes, Fl. Arch. Madeira: 43 (1914)
= Medicago tribuloides var. narbonensis Ser., DC., Prodr., 2: 178 (1825)
= Medicago tribuloides var. rectiuscula Rouy, Fl. France [Rouy & Foucaud] 5: 23 (1899)
= Medicago tribuloides var. subinermis Bég. &Vacc., Ann. di Bot. 12: 107 (1914)
= Medicago tribuloides var. tentaculata (Willd.) P.Fourn., Quatre Fl. Fr.: 547 (1936)
= Medicago tribuloides var. truncatula (Gaertn.) Koch, Syn. Fl. Germ.: 162 (1837)
= Medicago tribuloides var. uncinata (Willd.) Rouy, Fl. France [Rouy & Foucaud] 5: 22 (1899)
= Medicago truncatula f. dextrorsa Urb., Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb., 15: 67 (1873)
= Medicago truncatula f. laxicycla E.Small, Pl. Syst. Evol., 174(1-2): 38 (1991)
= Medicago truncatula f. sinistrorsa Urb., Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb., 15: 67 (1873)
= Medicago truncatula f. tricycla Nègre, C. R. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc, 17: 90 (1951)
= Medicago truncatula ssp. longiaculeata (Urb.) Ponert, Feddes Repert. 83: 639 (1973)
= Medicago truncatula var. breviaculeata (Moris) Urb., Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 15: 67 (1873)
= Medicago truncatula var. cosyrensis (Sommier) Fiori, Nuova Fl. Anal. Italia 1: 834 (1925)
= Medicago truncatula var. fontqueri Nègre, nom. inval.] [Trav. Inst. Sci. Cherifien, Ser. Bot. 5: 50 (1956)
= Medicago truncatula var. laciniata Batt., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 33: 352 (1886)
= Medicago truncatula var. longeaculeata Urb., Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb., 15: 67 (1873)
= Medicago truncatula var. narbonensis Ser., Prodr. [DC.] 2: 177 (1825)
= Medicago truncatula var. rectiuscula Rouy, Fl. Fr., 5: 23 (1899)
= Medicago truncatula var. rugosissima Maire & Weiller, Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N.30: 273 (1939)
= Medicago truncatula var. tentaculata (Willd.) Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 6(2): 415 (1907), comb. superfl.
= Medicago truncatula var. tentaculata (Willd.) Burnat, Fl. Alp. Marit., 2:100 (1896)
= Medicago truncatula var. tribuloides (Desr.) Burnat, Fl. Alp. Marit., 2:100 (1896)
= Medicago uncinata Willd., Sp. Pl. 3: 1417 (1802)
species :
Medicago tuberculata (Retz.) Willd.; Sp. Pl. 3: 1410 (1802)
Name: Südlicher Schneckenklee (DE); Southern Medick (EN)
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Malta; Sicily; Italy; ?Montenegro; Croatia; ?Albania; Turkey (S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Cyprus (E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Egypt (Great Southwestern Desert, NW-coastal Egypt); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, N-Negev Desert, Negev Desert); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, C-Syrian Desert, Jazira, NW-Syria); Libya; ?Tunisia; USA [I] (New Jersey [I], Oregon [I])
12 BAL COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 CRO GRC ITA KRI MLT SIC 20 EGY LBY 34 CYP EAI IRQ ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR 73 usa 75 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Medica turbinata (L.) Medik., Vorles. Churpfälz. Phys.-Öcon. Ges., 2: 386 (1787)
= Medicago apiculata Bastard, Fl. Maine-et-Loire, 280 (1809)
= Medicago catalonica Schrank, Pl. Rar. Hort. Monac., tab. 28 (1819)
= Medicago ciliaris Balb. ex DC., Fl. Fr. Suppl. 548 (1815) non (L.) All. 1785)
= Medicago polymorpha var. tuberculata Retz., Observ. Bot. 2: 23 (1781)
= Medicago polymorpha var. turbinata L., Sp. Pl. 2: 780 (1753)
= Medicago pubescens DC., Cat. Hort. Monsp. 124 (1813)
= Medicago spinulosa DC., Lam. & DC., Fl. Franc. ed. 3, 5: 569 (1815)
= Medicago tuberculata f. dextrorsa Urb., Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb.,15: 72 (1873)
= Medicago tuberculata f. pubescens (DC.) Urb., Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb., 15: 72 (1873)
= Medicago tuberculata f. sinistrorsa Urb., Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb.,15: 72 (1873)
= Medicago tuberculata var. aculeata Moris in Moris & De Not., Fl. Caprar.: 36 (1839)
= Medicago tuberculata var. apiculata (Bastard) Urb., Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb., 15: 72 (1873)
= Medicago tuberculata var. brevispina Rouy, Fl. Fr., 5: 32 (1899)
= Medicago tuberculata var. chiotica Urb., Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb., 15: 72 (1902)
= Medicago tuberculata var. glandulosa Posp., Verh. Bot.-Zool. Ges., 52: 645 (1902)
= Medicago tuberculata var. spinulosa (DC.) Fiori, Nuova Fl. Anal. Italia 1: 833 (1925), comb. superfl.
= Medicago tuberculata var. spinulosa (DC.) Rouy, Fl. Fr., 5: 32 (1899)
= Medicago tuberculata var. syriaca Tod. ex Urb., Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb., 15: 72 (1873)
= Medicago tuberculata var. vulgaris Moris, Fl. Caprar.: 36 (1839)
= Medicago turbinata (L.) All., Fl. Pedem. 1: 315 (1785) (nom. confus.)
= Medicago turbinata ssp. spinulosa (DC.) Ponert, Feddes Repert. 83: 640 (1973) (comb. inval.)
species :
Medicago ×blancheana Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 2, 5- 75 (1856)
Distribution: Greece; Turkey
13 GRC 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Medicago rotata ssp. blancheana (Boiss.) Ponert, Feddes Repert., 83(9-10): 639 1972 (1973)
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Lilium philadelphicum (Liliaceae) (Photo: M. Hassler)