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Ver. 18.4
Feb. 11th, 2024

257.0000 Family Fabaceae Lindl.; Edwards´ Bot. Reg. 22: ad t. 1845 (1836), nom. cons., nom. alt.
728 genera, ca. 22.300 spp. Phylogeny and new subfamily system: Azani et al. (LPWG) (2017)
Species listed in database: 22250; hybrids: 146
= Acaciaceae E.Mey.; Comm. Pl. Afr. Austr. 1: 164 (1836)
= Aspalathaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 51 (1820)
= Astragalaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 229 (1820)
= Bauhiniaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 67 (1820)
= Caesalpiniaceae R.Br.; M. Flinders, Voy. Terra Austral. 2: 551 (1814), nom. cons.
= Cassiaceae Vest; Anleit. Stud. Bot.: 270, 291 (1818)
= Ciceraceae Steele; Handb. Field Bot.: xx, 63 (1847)
= Coronillaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 162 (1820)
= Cytisaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 229 (1820)
= Dalbergiaceae Mart.; Consp. Regn. Veg.: 34 (1835)
= Daleaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 230 (1820)
= Detariaceae (DC.) J.Hess; Uebers. Phan. Nat. Pfl.-Fam.: 46 (1832)
= Galedupaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 277 (1820)
= Geoffroeaceae Mart.; Consp. Regn. Veg.: 34 (1835)
= Hedysaraceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 230 (1820)
= Inocarpaceae Zoll.; Syst. Verz. 2: 117 (1854-1855)
= Lathyraceae Burnett; Outlines Bot.: 660, 1092, 1138 (1835)
= Leguminosae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 345 (1789), nom. cons.
= Lotaceae Oken; Lehrb. Naturgesch. 2(2.2): xv, 727 (1826)
= Mimosaceae R.Br.; M. Flinders, Voy. Terra Austral. 2: 551 (1814), nom. cons.
= Papilionaceae Giseke; Prael. Ord. Nat. Pl.: 415 (1792), nom. cons., nom. alt.
= Phaseolaceae Mart.; Consp. Regn. Veg.: 34 (1835)
= Robiniaceae Vest; Anleit. Stud. Bot.: 270, 291 (1818)
= Sophoraceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 229 (1820)
= Swartziaceae Bartl.; Ord. Nat. Pl.: 231, 413 (1830)
= Tamarindaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 622 (1820)
= Trifoliaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 230 (1820)
= Viciaceae Oken; Lehrb. Naturgesch. 2(2.2): xv (1826)
257.9302 Genus Melilotus Mill.; Gard. Dict. Abr. ed. 4 (1754)
Distribution: Temperate and subtropical Eurasia, esp. (12) Crimea and chiefly Caucasus; N- and Northeast Africa. According to molecular results, the genus should be included completely in Trigonella, which is not yet followed here.
Species listed in database: 22; hybrids: 3
= Brachylobus Dulac; Fl. Hautes-Pyr. 279 (1867)
= Trigonella subgen.Melilotus (Mill.) Coulot & Rabaute; Bull. Soc. Bot. Centre-Ouest. Numero Special 40: 631 (2013)
species :
Melilotus albus Medik.; [Vorles. Churpf. Phys. Ges. 2: 382 (1787), nomen] ex Desr. in Lam., Encycl. 4: 63 (1796)
Name: Weißer Steinklee (DE); White Melilot (EN)
Distribution: England [I]; Denmark [I]; Norway [I]; Sweden [I]; Finland [I]; Netherlands [I]; Belgium [I]; Luxembourg [I]; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; Andorra; France; Channel Isl. [I]; Corsica; Italy; San Marino; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; W-European Russia; Moldova; Ukraine; Crimea; Morocco [I]; Algeria; ?Tunisia; Libya; Egypt (Nile Delta); Azores [I] (Faial [I]); Madeira [I] (Madeira Isl. [I]); Canary Isl. (Gran Canaria); Ethiopia [I]; Kenya [I]; Tanzania [I]; Angola [I]; Zimbabwe [I]; Namibia [I]; South Africa [I] (widespread); Mauritius [I]; La Réunion [I]; Siberia (Altai, Buryatia [I], Chita [I], Irkutsk [I], Krasnoyarsk, Tuva [I], W-Siberia, Yakutia [I]); Russian Far East [I] (Amur [I], Khabarovsk [I], Primorye [I], Sakhalin [I]); Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia, S-Iraq); Iran (EC-Iran, E-Iran, N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, S-Iran, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Baghlan, Herat, Kabul, Kandahar, Kunar / Nuristan, Parwan, Takhar); Cyprus (C-Mountains); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, Negev Desert, N-Israel); Sinai peninsula (N-Sinai); Jordania (S-Jordania); Saudi Arabia (Dahana, NE-Saudi Arabia, N-Saudi Arabia, Hejaz, Nejd Desert); Qatar [I]; Yemen (W-Yemen); China (Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guizhou, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Jiangsu, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Yunnan); Mongolia; North Korea [I]; South Korea [I]; Japan [I]; Pakistan (Sind, Baluchistan, Hazara, Gilgit, Astor); Nepal; India (widespread, incl. Jammu & Kashmir); Bangladesh; Myanmar; peninsular Malaysia [I]; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); New Zealand [I]; Hawaii [I] (Midway Isl. [I], Molokai [I], East Maui [I], Hawaii Isl. [I]); Mexico [I]; Bahamas [I]; Jamaica [I]; Dominican Republic [I]; Puerto Rico [I]; Colombia [I]; Ecuador [I]; Peru [I]; Bolivia [I]; Brazil [I]; Uruguay [I]; Argentina [I]; Chile [I] (Arica y Parinacota [I], Tarapacá [I], Atacama [I], Coquimbo [I], Valparaíso [I], Metropolitana de Santiago [I], O´Higgins [I], Maule [I], Ñuble [I], Biobío [I], Aisén [I], Magallanes [I])
10 den fin grb nor swe 11 AUT bgm CZE GER HUN LIE lux net POL SLO SWI 12 ADO cis COR FRA POR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MNT NMA ROM SLV SMA SRB TUE 14 BLR EST KRY LAT LIT MLD RUS UKR 20 ALG EGY LBY mor 21 azo CNY mdr 24 eth 25 ken tan 26 ang zim 27 nam saf 29 mau reu 30 SIB 31 rfe 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SIN SYR TUR 35 qat SAU YEM 36 CHI 37 MON 38 jap kor nko 40 BAN IND NEP PAK 41 MYA 42 mly 50 aus 51 nzl 63 haw 79 mex 81 bah his jam pue 82 clm 83 bol ecu per 84 bra 85 arg cle uru
Synonyms: hidden
= Medicago alba (Medik.) E.H.L.Krause; Sturm, Fl. Deutschland, ed. 2, 9: 128 (1901)
= Melilotus albus Desr.; Lam., Encycl. 4: 63 (1797), nom. illeg.
= Melilotus albus f. prolifer Dore; Canad. Field-Naturalist 73: 151 (1959)
= Melilotus albus subsp. parviflorus (Boiss.) O.E.Schulz; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 29(5): 696 (1901)
= Melilotus albus var. annuus H.S.Coe; J. Amer. Soc. Agron. 9: 380 (1918)
= Melilotus albus var. argutus (Rchb.) Rouy; Fl. Franç. 5: 55 (1899)
= Melilotus albus var. giganteus Fuckel; 81 (1856)
= Melilotus albus var. macrocarpus Rupr.; Fl. Ingrica: 267 (1860)
= Melilotus angulatus Trautv.; Bull. Sci. Acad. Petersb. 8: 270 (1841)
= Melilotus arboreus Castagne ex Ser.; A. DC., Prodr. 2: 187 (1825), nomen
= Melilotus argutus Rchb.; Fl. Germ. Excurs.: 499 (1832)
= Melilotus giganteus Trautv.; Bull. Acad. Sci. Petersb. 8: 270 (1841), nomen
= Melilotus kotschyi O.E.Schulz; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 29(5): 699 (1901)
= Melilotus leucanthus W.D.J.Koch ex DC.; Fl. Franç. Suppl. 564 (1815)
= Melilotus melanospermus Besser ex Ser.; DC. Prod. 2: 186 (1825)
= Melilotus officinalis f. altissimus Walther; 554 (1802)
= Melilotus officinalis subsp. albus (Medik.) H.Ohashi & Tateishi; Sci. Rep. Tohoku Univ., Ser. 4, 38(4): 319 (1984)
= Melilotus officinalis var. albus Mérat; Nouv. Fl. Env. Paris: 287 (1812)
= Melilotus officinalis var. albus Walther; 554 (1802)
= Melilotus rugulosus Trautv.; Bull. Sci. Acad. Petersb. 8: 270 (1841), nom. illeg.
= Melilotus strictus Trautv.; Bull. Sci. Acad. Petersb. 8: 270 (1841)
= Melilotus tenellus Wallr.; Beitr. Fl. Hercyn. 247 (1840)
= Melilotus urbanii O.E.Schulz; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 29(5): 706 (1901)
= Melilotus vulgaris var. gigantea Gaudin; Fl. Helv. 4: 609 (1829)
= Melilotus vulgaris var. minor Gaudin; Fl. Helv. 4: 609 (1829)
= Melilotus vulgaris Willd.; Enum. Hort Berol. 790 (1809)
= Sertula alba (Medik.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 205 (1891)
= Sertula alba (Medik.) Lunell; Am. Midl. Nat. 4: 426 (1916), isonym
= Trifolium album (Medik.) Loisel.; Fl. Gall. ed. I. 479 (1807), non Crantz (1769), nec Lam. (1779)
= Trifolium melilotus Georgi; Bemerk. Reise Russ. Reich 1: 227 (1775), nom. illeg.
= Trifolium officinale var. album Wibel; 236 (1799), nom. inval.
= Trifolium vulgare Hayne; Schrad., Neues J. Bot. 2: 336 (1807)
= Trigonella alba (Medik.) Coulot & Rabaute; Bull. Soc. Bot. Centre-Ouest. Numero Special 40: 631 (2013)
species :
Melilotus altissimus Thuill.; Fl. Paris ed. 2: 378 (1800)
Name: Hoher Steinklee (DE), Tall yellow sweetclover (EN)
Distribution: England [I]; Ireland [I]; Denmark; Norway; Sweden; Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, +Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Spain; France; Channel Isl.; Italy; Sicily; San Marino; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Albania; Romania; Greece; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; Ukraine; Siberia [I] (W-Siberia [I]); Greenland [I]; Canada [I] (New Brunswick [I], Nova Scotia [I], Ontario [I]); USA [I] (Illinois [I], Maine [I], Michigan [I], New Jersey [I], New York [I], Ohio [I], Pennsylvania [I], Wisconsin [I])
10 DEN grb ire NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 CIS FRA SPA 13 ALB BIH CRO GRC ITA KOS MNT ROM SIC SLV SMA SRB 14 EST LAT LIT RUS UKR 30 sib 70 gnl 72 cdn 74 usa 75 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Medicago altissima (Thuill.) E.H.L.Krause; Sturm, Fl. Deutschland, ed. 2, 9: 125 (1901)
= Melilotus adriaticus Borbás; Magyar Bot. Lapok 1: 107 (1902)
= Melilotus altissimus f. unidentatus J.A.Christ.; J. A. Christ. & al., 163 (1922)
= Melilotus altissimus var. breviracemosus Rouy; Fl. Franç. 5: 54 (1899)
= Melilotus altissimus var. latifolius Wiesb.; Deutsch. Bot. Monatsschr. 133 (1866)
= Melilotus altissimus var. longiracemosus Rouy; Fl. Franç. 5: 54 (1899)
= Melilotus altissimus var. macrorhizus (Rouy) P.Fourn.; Quatre Fl. France: 550 (1936)
= Melilotus altissimus var. paluster W.D.J.Koch; Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv., ed. 2: 183 (1844)
= Melilotus altissimus var. pseudopalustris Menyh.; Östr. Bot. Zeit. 17: 263 (1877)
= Melilotus giganteus Wender.; Index Seminum (MB, Marburgensis) 1825: 7 (1825)
= Melilotus linearis Pers.; Syn. Pl. 2: 348 (1807)
= Melilotus macrorrhizus (Waldst. & Kit.) Pers.; Syn. Pl. 2: 348 (1807)
= Melilotus macrorrhizus subsp. palustris (Waldst. & Kit.) Ces.; 34 (1848)
= Melilotus macrorrhizus var. palustris (Waldst. & Kit.) W.D.J.Koch; Röhl., Deutschl. Fl., ed. 3, 5: 248 (1839)
= Melilotus nebrodunensis Jord. ex O.E.Schulz; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 29: 690 (1901)
= Melilotus officinalis var. altissimus (Thuill.) Bluff & Fingerh.; 223 (1825)
= Melilotus officinalis var. macrorrhizus (Waldst. & Kit.) W.D.J.Koch; 166 (1836)
= Melilotus officinalis var. palustris (Waldst. & Kit.) W.D.J.Koch; 166 (1836)
= Melilotus officinalis Willd.; Enum. Pl. Hort. Berol.: 790 (1809) non Lam. (1779)
= Melilotus officinarum var. macrorrhizus (Waldst. & Kit.) Wallr.; 248 (1840)
= Melilotus officinarum var. palustris (Waldst. & Kit.) Wallr.; 248 (1840)
= Melilotus palustris (Waldst. & Kit.) Rchb.; 499 (1832)
= Melilotus palustris Schult.; Oesterr. Fl. ed. 2, 2: 346 (1814)
= Melilotus perfrondosus Borbás ex O.E.Schulz; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 29: 690 (1901)
= Melilotus puiggarii Sennen & Gonzalo in Sennen; Pl. Espagne n. 5466 (1925) in sched.
= Sertula altissima (Thuill.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 205 (1891)
= Sertula macrorhiza (Waldst. & Kit.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 205 (1891)
= Trifolium altissimum (Thuill.) Loisel.; Fl. Gall. ed. I. 479 (1807)
= Trifolium macrorhizum Waldst. & Kit.; Descr. Icon. Pl. Hung. 1: 24 (1800)
= Trifolium melilotus-altissimum C.C.Gmel.; Fl. Bad. 3: 219 (1808)
= Trifolium palustre Waldst. & Kit.; (1810)
= Trigonella altissima (Thuill.) Coulot & Rabaute; Bull. Soc. Bot. Centre-Ouest. Numero Special 40: 636 (2013)
species :
Melilotus dentatus (Waldst. & Kit.) Aiton; Tabl. École Bot. 188 (1804)
Name: Salz-Steinklee, Gezähnter Steinklee (DE)
Distribution: Denmark; Sweden; Germany (Brandenburg, Bayern [I], +Hessen, +Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, +Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Hungary; Italy [I]; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Romania; Bulgaria; Estonia; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; Ukraine; Azores [I] (Pico [I]); Siberia (Altai, Buryatia, Chita, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva, W-Siberia); Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; China (Gansu, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Xinjiang); Mongolia
10 DEN SWE 11 AUT CZE GER HUN POL 13 BIH BUL CRO ita KOS MNT ROM SRB 14 EST RUS UKR 21 azo 30 SIB 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 36 CHI 37 MON
Synonyms: hidden
= Medicago dentata (Waldst. & Kit.) E.H.L.Krause; Sturm, Fl. Deutschland, ed. 2. 9: 124 (1901)
= Medicago sibirica (Poir.) Ser.; A. DC., Prodr. 2: 173 (1825)
= Melilotus brachystachys Bunge; Arbeiten Naturf. Vereins Riga 1: 219 (1847)
= Melilotus dentatus (Waldst. & Kit.) Pers.; Syn. Pl. 2: 348 (1807), isonym
= Melilotus dentatus f. angustifolius (Wallr.) Gams; 1241 (1923)
= Melilotus dentatus f. sibiricus O.E.Schulz; Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 29: 689 (1901) [as proles]
= Melilotus dentatus subsp. sibiricus (O.E.Schulz) Kitag.; Lin. Fl. Manch. 290 (1939)
= Melilotus dentatus var. angustifolius Wallr.; 395 (1822)
= Melilotus dentatus var. sibiricus O.E.Schulz; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 29: 687 (1901)
= Melilotus kochianus (Hayne) Willd.; Enum. Hort. Berol. 790 (1809)
= Melilotus linearifolius Nocca ex Steud.; Nomencl. Bot. 1: 520 (1821)
= Melilotus linearis Cav. ex Pers.; Syn. Pl. 2: 348 (1807)
= Melilotus officinalis var. dentatus (Waldst. & Kit.) Wahlenb.; Fl. Suecica 1: 471 (1826)
= Melilotus olympicus Trautv.; Bull. Sci. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg 8: 270 (1841)
= Melilotus procumbens Ser.; A. DC., Prodr. 2: 186 (1825), nom. illeg.
= Melilotus sibiricus Poir.; Lam., Encycl., Suppl. 3: 647 (1814)
= Sertula brachystachys (Bunge) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 205 (1891)
= Sertula dentata (Waldst. & Kit.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 205 (1891)
= Trifolium dentatum Waldst. & Kit.; Descr. Icon. Pl. Hung.: 41 (1801)
= Trifolium kochianum (Willd.) Hayne; Neues J. Bot. 2(2): 337 (1807)
= Trifolium melilotus-dentatus Schreb.; Sturm, Deutschl. Fl. 4: Heft 15 (1804)
= Trigonella dentata (Waldst. & Kit.) Coulot & Rabaute; Biocosme Mésogéen 31(4): 149 (2014)
species :
Melilotus elegans Salzm. ex Ser.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 2: 198 (1825)
Name: Elegant sweetclover
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Pantelleria; Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); Malta; San Marino; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Albania; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Egypt (NW-coastal Egypt); Madeira (Madeira Isl.); Ethiopia; East Aegaean Isl.; Turkey (S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia); Israel (Rift Valley, N-Israel); Canada [I] (Manitoba [I])
12 BAL COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH CRO GRC ITA KOS MLT MNT PEL PTL SIC SMA SRB 20 ALG EGY MOR TUN 21 MDR 24 ETH 34 EAI ISR TUR 71 cdn
Synonyms: hidden
= Melilotus abyssinicus Baker; Oliv. et al. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 2: 53 (1871)
= Melilotus barcinonensis Sennen & Pau; Bull. Gogr. Bot., 23(278/280): 39 (1913)
= Melilotus collinus Guss.; Suppl. Fl. Sic. Prod. 230 (1834)
= Melilotus elegans var. barcinonensis (Sennen & Pau) P.Monts.; Collect. Bot. 5: 62 (1956)
= Melilotus elegans var. lippoldianus (Lowe) Menezes; Fl. Arch. Madeira: 45 (1914)
= Melilotus italicus A.Rich.; Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 166 (1847) non Lam. (1779)
= Melilotus lippoldianus Lowe; Hook. Kew J. 8: 292 (1856)
= Melilotus pertusianus Gennari; Mem. Reale Accad. Sci. Torino, ser. 2, 17: 460 (1858)
= Sertula elegans (Salzm. ex Ser.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 205 (1891)
= Trigonella elegans (Salzm. ex Ser.) Coulot & Rabaute; Bull. Soc. Bot. Centre-Ouest. Numero Special 40: 659 (2013)
species :
Melilotus gorkemii Yild.; Ot Sist. Bot. Dergisi 14(1): 2 (2008)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Melilotus graecus (Boiss. & Spruner) Lassen; Willdenowia 16: 445 (1987)
Distribution: Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete
13 GRC KRI
Synonyms: hidden
= Melissitus graecus (Boiss. & Spruner) Latsch.; Zam. Sist. Geogr. Rast. 32: 19 (1976)
= Pocockia graeca Boiss. & Spruner; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. 2: 16 (1843)
= Telis graeca (Boiss. & Spruner) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 209 (1891)
= Trigonella graeca (Boiss. & Spruner) Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 2: 91 (1872)
species :
Melilotus hirsutus Lipsky; Mem. Soc. hist. Ital. Kiew. 11: (1891) extr. 21; et in Act. Hort. Petrop. 13: 287 (1894)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus (Krasnodar); Georgia [Caucasus] (incl. Abkhazia)
33 GEO NCS
Synonyms: hidden
= Trigonella ciscaucasica Coulot & Rabaute; Biocosme Mésogéen 31(4): 148 (2014), nom. nov.
species :
Melilotus indicus (L.) All.; Fl. Pedem. 1: 308 (1785)
Name: Kleinblütiger Steinklee (DE); Small Melilot (EN)
Distribution: England [I]; Netherlands [I]; Belgium [I]; Germany [I]; Switzerland [I]; Austria [I]; Slovakia; Slovakia; Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; Baleares; France; Channel Isl. [I]; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Pantelleria; Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); Malta; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Estonia [I]; European Russia [I]; Crimea; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt (Desert Oases, Eastern Desert, Great Southwestern Desert, NE-Egypt, Nile Delta, Nile Valley, NW-coastal Egypt, SE-Egypt); Azores (Santa Maria Isl., Sao Miguel Isl., Terceira, Graciosa, Sao Jorge, Pico, Faial, Corvo Isl.); Madeira (Madeira Isl., Ilhas Desertas, Porto Santo Isl.); Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro, La Palma Isl.); Niger [I]; Chad [c]; Ethiopia [I]; Djibouti; Uganda [I]; Kenya [I]; Namibia [I]; South Africa [I]; St. Helena [I]; Mauritius [I]; La Réunion [I]; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Tajikistan; Azerbaijan [I]; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (E-Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iraq (NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia, S-Iraq, W-Iraq: Desert); Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, S-Iran, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Baghlan, Helmand, Kabul, Kandahar, Laghman, Nangarhar, Qunduz); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, NW-Syria); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, N-Negev Desert); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, N-Sinai, S-Sinai); Jordania (S-Jordania); Saudi Arabia (Dahana, Asir, Nejd Desert); Qatar; Oman (Mascat & Oman); China (Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Jiangsu, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang); Bonin Isl. [I] (Chichijima [I], Anijima [I]); Taiwan; Pakistan (Sind, Baluchistan, Pakistani Punjab); Nepal; Bhutan; India (widespread, incl. Jammu & Kashmir); Bangladesh; Myanmar (Kachin, Mandalay, Sagaing); Thailand; peninsular Malaysia; Java; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); Lord Howe Isl. [I]; Norfolk Isl. [I]; New Zealand [I]; Chatham Isl. [I]; Easter Isl. [I]; Hawaii [I] (Midway Isl. [I], Kauai [I], Oahu [I], Maui [I], Hawaii Isl. [I]); Greenland [I]; Canada [I] (British Columbia [I], Manitoba [I], Nova Scotia [I]); USA [I] (Alabama [I], Arkansas [I], Arizona [I], California [I], Delaware [I], Florida [I], Georgia [I], Idaho [I], Kentucky [I], Louisiana [I], Massachusetts [I], Maine [I], Minnesota [I], Mississippi [I], North Carolina [I], New Hampshire [I], New Jersey [I], New Mexico [I], Nevada [I], New York [I], Oklahoma [I], Oregon [I], Pennsylvania [I], South Carolina [I], Texas [I], Utah [I], Virginia [I], Vermont [I], Washington State [I], Wisconsin [I]); Mexico [I]; Isla Guadalupe [I]; Honduras [I]; Costa Rica [I]; Bahamas [I]; Colombia [I]; Ecuador [I]; Peru [I]; Bolivia [I]; Paraguay [I]; Uruguay [I]; Argentina [I]; Chile [I] (Arica y Parinacota [I], Tarapacá [I], Antofagasta [I], Atacama [I], Coquimbo [I], Valparaíso [I], Metropolitana de Santiago [I], O´Higgins [I], Maule [I], Ñuble [I], Biobío [I], Araucanía [I], Los Rios [I], Los Lagos [I], Aisén [I], Magallanes [I]); Juan Fdz. Isl. [I]
10 grb 11 aut bgm ger net SLO swi 12 BAL cis COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MLT MNT NMA PEL PTL SIC SLV SRB 14 est KRY rus 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 21 AZO CNY MDR 22 ngr 24 cha DJI eth 25 ken uga 27 nam saf 28 sth 29 mau reu 32 TKM TZK UZB 33 aze 34 AFG CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SIN SYR TUR 35 OMA QAT SAU 36 CHI 38 oga TAI 40 BAN BHU IND NEP PAK 41 MYA THA 42 JAW MLY 50 aus lhi nfk 51 ctm nzl 61 eas 63 haw 70 gnl 71 cdn 72 cdn 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa 79 glp mex 80 cos hon 81 bah 82 clm 83 bol ecu per 85 arg cle jnf par uru
Synonyms: hidden
= Medicago parviflora (Desf.) E.H.L.Krause; Sturm, Deutschl. Fl. Abbild., ed. 2, 9: 125 (1901)
= Melilotus berardii Medik.; Vorles. Churpfälz. Phys.-Ökon. Ges. 2: 382 (1787)
= Melilotus bonplandii Ten.; Index Sem. Hort. Neapol. 1833: 14 (1833)
= Melilotus boumetii Hornem.; Hort. Bot. Hafit., Suppl.: 84 (1819)
= Melilotus brachystachyus Willd. ex Spreng.; Syst. Veg., ed. 3, 16: 207 (1826)
= Melilotus diffusus Trevir.; Del. Sem. Hort. Bonn. (1832)
= Melilotus exaltatus Bianca; Giorn. Gab. Lett. Accad. Gionia, ser. 2, 13: 211 (1857)
= Melilotus indicus f. albiflorus F.Zimm.; 76 (1914)
= Melilotus indicus subsp. permixtus (Jord.) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 56 (1899)
= Melilotus indicus var. bonplandii (Ten.) O.E.Schulz; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 29: 715 (1901)
= Melilotus indicus var. exaltatus Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 55 (1899)
= Melilotus indicus var. laxiflorus Rouy; Fl. Franç. 5: 55 (1899)
= Melilotus indicus var. parvulus Rouy; Fl. Franç. 5: 56 (1899)
= Melilotus indicus var. permixtus (Jord.) P.Fourn.; Quatre Fl. Fr.: 549 (1936)
= Melilotus indicus var. prostrata P.Palau; Treb. Inst. Catalana Hist. Nat. 7: 55 (1976 publ. 1977)
= Melilotus levis Moench; Methodus : 110 (1794), nom. illeg.
= Melilotus melilotus-indicus (L.) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 6(2): 461 (1907)
= Melilotus minimus Roth; Nov. Pl. Sp.: 361 (1821)
= Melilotus neapolitanus var. macrocarpus Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 57 (1899)
= Melilotus occidentalis Nutt.; Torr. & A. Gray, Fl. N. Am. 1: 321 (1838)
= Melilotus parviflorus Desf.; Fl. Atlant. 2: 192 (1799)
= Melilotus parviflorus var. rubrocalyx Herder; Index Seminum (LE, Petropolitanus) 1868: 92 (1869)
= Melilotus permixtus Jord.; Mém. Acad. Roy. Sci. Lyon, Sect. Sci. ser. 2, 1: 266 (1851)
= Melilotus reticulatus Pomel; Notul. Mat. Fl. Atl.: 322 (1874)
= Melilotus robinii Raf.; Fl. Ludovic.: 102 (1817)
= Melilotus rugulosus Willd.; Enum. Pl.: 789 (1809)
= Melilotus tommasinii Jord.; Mém. Acad. Roy. Sci. Lyon, Sect. Sci. ser. 2, 1: 266 (1851)
= Sertula indica (L.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 205 (1891)
= Trifolium indicum L.; Sp. Pl.: 765 (1753)
= Trifolium melilotus L.; Sp. Pl.: 764 (1753)
= Trifolium melilotus-indica L.; Sp. PI. 2: 765 (1753)
= Trifolium melilotus-parviflorum M.Bieb.; Fl. Taur.-Caucas. 3: 506 (1819)
= Trifolium parviflorum (Desf.) F.Dietr.; Vollst. Lex. Gärtn. 10: 157 (1810), nom. illeg.
= Trifolium rugulosum (Willd.) F.Dietr.; Vollst. Lex. Gärtn. 10: 166 (1810)
= Trigonella berardii (Medik.) Sennikov; Checkl. Vasc. Pl. Tian-Shan 169 (2021)
= Trigonella melilotus (L.) Link; Handb. 2: 165 (1831)
= Trigonella smallii Coulot & Rabaute; Bull. Soc. Bot. Centre-Ouest. Numero Special 40: 650 (2013), nom. nov.
species :
Melilotus infestus Guss.; Fl. Sicul. Prodr. 2: 486 (1828)-1832
Distribution: Germany [I]; WC-Portugal; ?Spain; Baleares; Corsica; Italy; Sicily; Malta; Greece; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Azores (Santa Maria Isl.); Canary Isl. (Hierro); Lebanon (coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (Jbel Druze); Australia [I] (Queensland [I])
11 ger 12 BAL COR POR 13 GRC ITA MLT SIC 20 ALG MOR TUN 21 AZO CNY 34 LEB SYR 50 aus
Remarks: sulcatus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Melilotus infestus var. rigidus (Pomel) Batt.; Fl. Algérie [Batt. & Trab.] Dicot.: 223 (1889)
= Melilotus macrostachys Pomel; Nouv. Mat. Fl. Atl. 1: 180 (1874)
= Melilotus rigidus Pomel; Nouv. Mat. Fl. Atlant.: 321 (1875)
= Melilotus sulcatus subsp. infestus (Guss.) Bonnier & Layens; Tabl. Synopt. Pl. Vasc. France: 76 (1894)
= Sertula infesta (Guss.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 205 (1891)
= Trigonella infesta (Guss.) Coulot & Rabaute; Bull. Soc. Bot. Centre-Ouest. Numero Special 40: 666 (2013)
species :
Melilotus italicus (L.) Lam.; Fl. Franc. 2: 594 (1779)
Name: Italienischer Steinklee (DE); Italian Melilot (EN)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Portugal; Spain; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Malta; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Albania; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Morocco; Algeria; Libya; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Israel (N-Israel)
11 ger 12 BAL COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MLT MNT SIC SRB 20 ALG LBY MOR 34 EAI ISR LEB TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Medicago italica (L.) E.H.L.Krause; Sturm, Fl. Deutschland, ed. 2, 9: 125 (1901)
= Melilotus italicus var. confertus O.E.Schulz; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 29: 710 (1901)
= Melilotus melilotus-italicus (L.) Asch. & Graebn.; Fl. Nordostdeut. Flachl.: 434 (1898) (nom. illeg.)
= Melilotus messanensis f. caespitosus O.E.Schulz; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 27: 727 (1901)
= Melilotus messanensis f. validus O.E.Schulz; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 27: 727 (1901)
= Melilotus rotundifolius Ten.; Prod. Fl. Nap. 43 (1812)
= Melilotus rugosus Moench; Methodus 111 (1794)
= Sertula italica (L.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 205 (1891)
= Trifolium italicum L.; Sp. Pl.: 765 (1753)
= Trifolium melilotus-corniculata L.; Sp. Pl. ed. I. 766 (1753)
= Trifolium melilotus-italica L.; Sp. Pl. 2: 765 (1753)
= Trifolium melilotus-italicum Brot.; Fl. Lusit. 2: 102 (1804)
= Trigonella italica (L.) Coulot & Rabaute; Bull. Soc. Bot. Centre-Ouest. Numero Special 40: 646 (2013)
= Trigonella melilotus-corniculata (L.) Hyl.; Svensk Bot. Tidskr. 48: 546 (1954)
species :
Melilotus macrocarpus Coss. & Durieu; Jard. Bordeaux, Cat. Graines 1866: 27 (1867)
Distribution: Algeria; Tunisia
20 ALG TUN
Synonyms: hidden
= Melilotus physocarpus Pomel; Nouv. Mat. Fl. Atl. 1: 180 (1874)
= Trigonella macrocarpa (Coss. & Durieu) Coulot & Rabaute; Biocosme Mésogéen 31(4): 149 (2014)
species :
Melilotus officinalis (L.) Lam.; Fl. Franc. 2: 594 (1779)
Name: Echter Steinklee (DE), Sweetclover (EN)
Distribution: England [I]; Ireland [I]; Denmark [I]; Norway [I]; Sweden [I]; Finland [I]; Netherlands [I]; Belgium [I]; Luxembourg [I]; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; Andorra; Baleares; France; Channel Isl. [I]; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; San Marino; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; N-European Russia; W-European Russia; Ukraine; Crimea; Morocco [I]; Algeria [I]; Libya [I]; Canary Isl. [I] (Gran Canaria [I]); Kenya [I]; South Africa [I]; Siberia (Altai, Buryatia [I], Irkutsk [I], Krasnoyarsk, Tuva, W-Siberia, Yakutia [I]); Russian Far East [I] (Amur [I], Kamchatka [I], Primorye [I], Sakhalin [I]); Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus (Krasnodar); Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl.; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., S-Iran, W-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, NE-Iran); Afghanistan (Badakshan, Wakhan, Bamyan, Ghazni, Herat, Kabul, Kunar / Nuristan, Parwan, Takhar); Lebanon (C-Lebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert); China [I] (widespread); Japan [I]; Taiwan [I]; Pakistan (Chitral, Gilgit, Baltistan); Nepal; NW-India (Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Uttarakhand, Ladakh, Nubra); Bangladesh [I]; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I], New South Wales [I]); New Zealand [I]; Alaska [I]; Greenland [I]; Canada [I] (Alberta [I], British Columbia [I], Labrador [I], Manitoba [I], New Brunswick [I], Newfoundland [I], Nova Scotia [I], N. W. Territories [I], Ontario [I], Prince Edward Isl. [I], Québec [I], Saskatchewan [I], Yukon [I]); St. Pierre et Miquelon [I]; USA [I] (Alabama [I], Arkansas [I], Arizona [I], California [I], Colorado [I], Connecticut [I], District of Columbia [I], Delaware [I], Florida [I], Georgia [I], Iowa [I], Idaho [I], Illinois [I], Indiana [I], Kansas [I], Kentucky [I], Louisiana [I], Massachusetts [I], Maryland [I], Maine [I], Michigan [I], Minnesota [I], Missouri [I], Mississippi [I], Montana [I], North Carolina [I], North Dakota [I], Nebraska [I], New Hampshire [I], New Jersey [I], New Mexico [I], Nevada [I], New York [I], Ohio [I], Oklahoma [I], Oregon [I], Pennsylvania [I], Rhode Island [I], South Carolina [I], South Dakota [I], Tennessee [I], Texas [I], Utah [I], Virginia [I], Vermont [I], Washington State [I], Wisconsin [I], West Virginia [I], Wyoming [I]); Mexico [I]; Cuba [I]; Bolivia [I]; Argentina [I]; Chile [I] (Valparaíso [I], Metropolitana de Santiago [I], O´Higgins [I], Magallanes [I])
10 den fin grb ire nor swe 11 AUT bgm CZE GER HUN LIE lux net POL SLO SWI 12 ADO BAL cis COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MNT NMA ROM SLV SMA SRB 14 BLR EST KRY LAT LIT RUS UKR 20 alg lby mor 21 cny 25 ken 27 saf 30 SIB 31 rfe 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG EAI IRN IRQ LEB SYR TUR 36 chi 38 jap tai 40 ban IND NEP PAK 50 aus 51 nzl 70 ask cdn gnl 71 cdn 72 cdn spm 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa 79 mex 81 cub 83 bol 85 arg cle
Synonyms: hidden
= Brachylobus officinalis (L.) Dulac; Fl. Hautes-Pyr. 279 (1867)
= Medicago officinalis (L.) E.H.L.Krause; Sturm, Fl. Deutschland, ed. 2, 9: 127 (1901)
= Melilotus arenarius Grecescu; Supl. Consp. Fl. Roman.: 198 (1909)
= Melilotus armenus Boiss.; Diagn. Ser. I. 9: 11 (1849)
= Melilotus arvensis proles luxurians Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 59 (1899)
= Melilotus arvensis proles maximus (Legrand) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 59 (1899)
= Melilotus arvensis var. albus St.-Lag.; A. Cariot, Étude Fl., éd. 8 2: 173 (1889)
= Melilotus arvensis var. grandiflorus Lamotte; Prodr. Fl. Plateau Central Fr.,1: 194 (1877)
= Melilotus arvensis var. maximus (Legrand) St.-Lag.; A. Cariot, Étude Fl., éd. 8 2: 173 (1889)
= Melilotus arvensis var. petitpierreanus (Willd.) Ahlfv.; Neuman, 333 (1901)
= Melilotus arvensis Wallr.; Sched. Crit.: 391 (1822)
= Melilotus brandisianus Wirtg.; 119 (1857), nom. inval.
= Melilotus bungeanus Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 2: 108 (1872)
= Melilotus citrinus Duval ex Steud.; Nomencl. Bot. 1: 520 (1821), nomen
= Melilotus diffusus W.D.J.Koch ex DC.; Lam. & A. DC., Fl. Franç., éd. 3 6: 564 (1815)
= Melilotus expansus Rchb.; Fl. Germ. Excurs. 2: 498 (1832)
= Melilotus flavus Pall.; Reise Russ. Reich. 3: 654 (1776)
= Melilotus kochianus DC.; Lam. & A. DC., Fl. Franç., éd. 3 6: 564 (1815), nom. illeg.
= Melilotus longipedicellatus Rosbach; Verh. Naturhist. Vereines Preuss. Rheinl. Westphalens 1875(Sitzb.): 292 (1875)
= Melilotus lutescens Gilib.; Fl. Lit. Inch. 2: 84 (1782), opus utique oppr.
= Melilotus luteus Gueldenst.; Reis. Russland (Gueldenst.) 2: 255 (1791)
= Melilotus luxurians Shuttlew. ex Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France 5: 59 (1899)
= Melilotus macrorhizus Besser; Enum. Pl. Volh.: 30 (1821), nom. illeg.
= Melilotus macrospermus K.Koch ex Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 2: 109 (1872)
= Melilotus maximus Legrand; Statist. Bot. Forez: 101 (1873)
= Melilotus melilotus-officinalis (Crantz) Asch. & Graebn.; Fl. Nordostdeut. Flachl.: 435 (1898), orth. var.
= Melilotus montanus Gaudin; Fl. Helv. 4: 607 (1829)
= Melilotus nebrodensis Jord. ex Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 172 (1878), nomen
= Melilotus neglectus Ten.; Fl. Napol. 5: 135 (1836)
= Melilotus officinalis f. maximus Legrand; Station Bot. For.: 101 (1899)
= Melilotus officinalis f. minor Walther; 554 (1802), nom. illeg.
= Melilotus officinalis f. procerior Walther; 553 (1802)
= Melilotus officinalis var. arvensis Moritzi; 258 (1832)
= Melilotus officinalis var. diffusus Moritzi; 259 (1832)
= Melilotus officinalis var. expansa Mutel; Fl. Franç. Herbor. 1: 253 (1834)
= Melilotus officinalis var. luteus Walther; 553 (1802)
= Melilotus officinalis var. maximus (Legrand) Kojic; Fl. SR Srbije 4: 423 (1972)
= Melilotus pallidus Besser; Ind. Sem. Hort. Cremen. (1823)
= Melilotus pallidus Besser ex Ser.; DC., 188 (1825)
= Melilotus petitpierreanus var. diffusus (W.D.J.Koch) Rchb.; XLVI (1833)
= Melilotus petitpierreanus Willd.; Enum. Pl. Hort. Berol.: 790 (1809)
= Melilotus rugosus Gilib.; Fl. Lit. Inch. 2: 83 (1782), opus utique oppr.
= Melilotus virescens Jord.; Index Seminum (GR, Gratianopolis) 1853: 11 (1853)
= Sertula arvensis (Wallr.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 205 (1891)
= Sertula bungeana (Boiss.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 205 (1891)
= Sertula maior Lunell; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 4: 426 (1916), nom. superfl.
= Sertula officinalis (L.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 205 (1891)
= Sertula pallida (Besser) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 205 (1891)
= Trifolium melilotus-officinarum Crantz; Inst. Rei Herb. 2: 41 (1766), orth. var.
= Trifolium officinale L.; Sp. Pl.: 765 (1753)
= Trifolium officinale var. flavum Wibel; 236 (1799), nom. inval.
= Trifolium petitpierreanum (Willd.) Hayne; Schrad., Neues J. Bot. 2: 337 (1807)
= Trigonella officinalis (L.) Coulot & Rabaute; Bull. Soc. Bot. Centre-Ouest. Numero Special 40: 641 (2013)
species :
Melilotus polonicus (L.) Desr.; Lam., Encycl. 4: 66 (1796)
Name: Polnischer Steinklee (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; E-European Russia; S-Ukraine; W-Kazakhstan; Northern Caucasus (Daghestan, Checheno-Ingushia); Azerbaijan
11 ger 14 RUS UKR 32 KAZ 33 AZE NCS
Synonyms: hidden
= Melilotus caspius Grun.; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 40: (1867) II. 420, in textu.
= Melilotus melilotus-polonicus Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 6: II. 455 (1907)
= Melilotus rariflorus Eichw.; Pl. Nov. Casp.-Cauc.: 7 (1831)
= Sertula polonica (L.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 205 (1891)
= Trifolium melilotus-polonica L.; Sp. Pl. 765 (1753)
= Trigonella polonica (L.) Coulot & Rabaute; Biocosme Mésogéen 31(4): 149 (2014)
species :
Melilotus segetalis (Brot.) Ser.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 2: 187 (1825)
Name: Saat-Steinklee (DE); Corn Melilot (EN)
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; Baleares; France; Corsica; Italy; Sicily; Malta; Croatia; ?Montenegro; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Egypt; Madeira [I] (Madeira Isl. [I]); East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey; Cyprus; Lebanon; Syria; Israel
12 BAL COR FRA GIB POR SPA 13 CRO GRC ITA KRI MLT SIC 20 ALG EGY MOR TUN 21 mdr 34 CYP EAI ISR LEB SYR TUR
Remarks: sulcatus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Melilotus compactus subsp. leiospermus (Pomel) Batt.; Fl. Algérie [Batt. & Trab.] Dicot.: 223 (1889)
= Melilotus intermedius Boiss.; Voy. Esp. 2: 167 (1839-1845)
= Melilotus leiospermus Pomel; Nouv. Mat. Fl. AtI. 1: 179 (1874)
= Melilotus melilotus-segetalis Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 6(2): 469 (1907)
= Melilotus segetalis proles intermedius (Boiss.) O.E.Schulz; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 27: 725 (1901)
= Melilotus segetalis proles prostratus O.E.Schulz; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 27: 724 (1901)
= Melilotus segetalis proles salzmannii O.E.Schulz; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 27: 724 (1901)
= Melilotus segetalis subsp. fallax Franco; Nova Fl. Portugal 1: 553 (1971)
= Melilotus segetalis var. leiospermus (Pomel) Maire; Cat. Pl. Maroc 2: 385 (1932)
= Melilotus sulcatus f. elatus Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 62 (1899)
= Melilotus sulcatus proles leiospermus (Pomel) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 61 (1899)
= Melilotus sulcatus subsp. segetalis (Brot.) P.Fourn.; Quatre Fl. France: 549 (1936)
= Melilotus sulcatus var. compactus (Salzm.) Moris; Fl. Sard. 1: 464 (1837)
= Melilotus sulcatus var. fistulosus Sommier; Bull. Soc. Bot. Ital.: 123 (1898)
= Melilotus sulcatus var. segetalis (Brot.) Rouy; Fl. Franç. 5: 60 (1899)
= Trifolium segetalis Brot.; Fl. Lusit. 2: 484 (1804)
= Trigonella segetalis (Brot.) Coulot & Rabaute; Bull. Soc. Bot. Centre-Ouest. Numero Special 40: 669 (2013)
species :
Melilotus serratifolius Täckh. & Boulos; Publ. Cairo Univ. Herb. 5: 68, t. 10a (1974)
Distribution: Egypt (Desert Oases)
20 EGY
Synonyms: hidden
= Trigonella serratifolia (Täckh. & Boulos) Coulot & Rabaute; Biocosme Mésogéen 31(4): 149 (2014)
species :
Melilotus siculus (Turra) Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 2: 121 (1841)
Name: Sizilianischer Steinklee (DE), Sicilyn Melilot (EN)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Czech Republic [I]; Portugal; Spain; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Malta; Croatia; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt (Desert Oases, Eastern Desert, Great Southwestern Desert, NE-Egypt, Nile Delta, NW-coastal Egypt); East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos, Lesvos); Turkey (NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iraq (NW-Iraq); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus); Lebanon (coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria); Israel (C-Israel, coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, N-Sinai, S-Sinai); Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I]); Uruguay [I]; Argentina [I]
11 cze ger 12 BAL COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 CRO GRC ITA KRI MLT SIC 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 34 CYP EAI IRQ ISR LEB SIN SYR TUR 50 aus 85 arg uru
Synonyms: hidden
= Melilotus messanensis (L.) All.; Fl. Pedem. 1: 309 (1785)
= Melilotus messanensis (L.) Medik.; Vorles. Churpfälz. Phys.-Ökon. Ges. 2: 382 (1787), isonym
= Melilotus messanensis var. stoechadicus O.E.Schulz; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 27: 726 (1901)
= Melilotus siculus (Turra) Vitman ex B.D.Jacks.; Index Kew. 3: 199 (1894) [nom. illeg.]
= Melilotus siculus var. stoechadicus O.E.Schulz; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 29: 726 (1901)
= Melilotus striatus Moench; Methodus: 111 (1794)
= Sertula messanensis (L.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 205 (1891)
= Trifolium melilotus-messanense L.; Mantissa Alt.: 275 (1771)
= Trifolium melilotus-messanense Vitman; Summa Pl. 4: 317 (1790)
= Trifolium melilotus-siculum Turra; Farsetia 12: 5 (1765)
= Trifolium siculum Turra; Farsetia: 12 (1765)
= Trigonella sicula (Turra) Coulot & Rabaute; Bull. Soc. Bot. Centre-Ouest. Numero Special 40: 673 (2013)
species :
Melilotus speciosus Durieu; Rev. Bot. Recueil Mens. 1: 365 (1846)
Distribution: S-Spain (Serrania de Ronda); Morocco; Algeria
12 SPA 20 ALG MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Sertula speciosa (Durieu) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 205 (1891)
= Trigonella speciosa (Durieu) Coulot & Rabaute; Bull. Soc. Bot. Centre-Ouest. Numero Special 40: 663 (2013)
species :
Melilotus spicatus (Sibth. & Sm.) Breistr.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 103, Session Extr.: 127 (1956)
Name: Neapolitanischer Steinklee (DE); Naples Melilot (EN)
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; San Marino; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Crimea; Algeria; Tunisia; Northern Caucasus (Krasnodar); Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan (incl. Nachichevan); East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia)
12 COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MNT NMA SIC SMA SRB TUE 14 KRY 20 ALG TUN 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 EAI TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Medicago gracilis (DC.) E.H.L.Krause; Sturm, Fl. Deutschland, ed. 2, 9: 129 (1901)
= Melilotus besserianus Ser.; A. DC., Prodr. 2: 188 (1825)
= Melilotus glaucescens Godr. ex Trautv.; Bull. Cl. Phys.-Math. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg, sér. 2, 8: 271 (1841)
= Melilotus globulosus Steven; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 29(II): 138 (1856)
= Melilotus gracilis DC.; Fl. Franç. Suppl. 565 (1815)
= Melilotus heterophyllus Scheele; Linnaea 21: 571 (1848)
= Melilotus imbricatus Besser ex Ser.; A. DC., Prodr. 2: 188 (1825), nomen
= Melilotus intricatus Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 152 (1878)
= Melilotus microcarpus C.A.Mey. ex Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 2: 108 (1872), nomen
= Melilotus neapolitanus Ten.; Fl. Napol. 1(Prodr.): LXII (1813)
= Melilotus neapolitanus Ten. ex Guss.; Fl. Sic. Prod. 2: 482 (1828)
= Melilotus neapolitanus var. microcarpus Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 57 (1899)
= Sertula besseriana (Ser.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 205 (1891)
= Sertula neapolitana (Ten.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 205 (1891)
= Trifolium spicatum Sibth. & Sm.; Fl. Graec. Prodr. 2: 93 (1813)
= Trigonella wojciechowskii Coulot & Rabaute; Bull. Soc. Bot. Centre-Ouest. Numero Special 40: 655 (2013), nom. nov.
species :
Melilotus suaveolens Ledeb.; Ind. Sem. Hort. Dorp. Suppl. (1824) 5
Distribution: Ethiopia [I]; Tanzania [I]; Siberia (Altai, Buryatia, Chita, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva, W-Siberia, Yakutia); Russian Far East (Amur, Kamchatka [I], Khabarovsk, Magadan [I], Primorye, Sakhalin); Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Mongolia; North Korea; South Korea; Japan (Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu); India (Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Uttarakhand); Laos; Vietnam
24 eth 25 tan 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ KGZ 37 MON 38 JAP KOR NKO 40 IND 41 LAO VIE
Synonyms: hidden
= Melilotus graveolens Bunge; Enum. Pl. Chin. Bor. 16 (1833)
= Melilotus officinalis f. suaveolens (Ledeb.) H.Ohashi & Tateishi; Sci. Rep. Tohoku Univ., Ser. 4, 38(4): 320 (1984)
= Melilotus officinalis subsp. suaveolens (Ledeb.) H.Ohashi; Fl. Japan 2b: 236 (2001)
= Sertula suaveolens (Ledeb.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 205 (1891)
= Trigonella suaveolens (Ledeb.) Coulot & Rabaute; Biocosme Mésogéen 31(4): 149 (2014)
species :
Melilotus sulcatus Desf.; Fl. Atlant. 2: 193 (1799)
Name: Gefurchter Steinklee (DE); Furrowed Melilot (EN)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Pantelleria; Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); Malta; San Marino; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Albania; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt (Desert Oases, Nile Delta, NW-coastal Egypt); Madeira (Madeira Isl., Porto Santo Isl.); Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro, La Palma Isl.); Kenya [I]; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (WN-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, NW-Syria); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel); Sinai peninsula (N-Sinai, S-Sinai); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Sri Lanka [I]; Australia [I] (Queensland [I]); USA [I] (Alabama [I], New Jersey [I], Pennsylvania [I])
11 ger 12 BAL COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MLT MNT PEL PTL SIC SMA SRB 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 21 CNY MDR 25 ken 34 CYP EAI ISR JOR LEB SIN SYR TUR 40 srl 50 aus 75 usa 78 usa
Remarks: sulcatus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Medicago sulcata (Desf.) E.H.L.Krause; Sturm, Fl. Deutschland. ed. 2, 9: 124 (1901)
= Melilotus compactus Salzm. ex Guss.; Fl. Sicul. Prodr. 2: 485 (1828)
= Melilotus fabrei Sennen; Bull. Assoc. Pyren. Echange Pl.,12: 8-9 (1902)
= Melilotus foucaudii Sennen; Bull. Assoc. Pyren. Echange Pl. 12: 9 (1902)
= Melilotus indicus var. prostratus P.Palau; Treb. Inst. Catalana Hist. Nat. 7: 55 (1976 publ. 1977)
= Melilotus laevis Moench; Methodus: 110 (1794)
= Melilotus longifolius Ten.; Fl. Napol. 1(Prodr.): XLIII (1812)
= Melilotus mauritanica (Willd.) Willd.; Enum. Hort. Berol. 789 (1809)
= Melilotus sulcatus f. angustifolius O.E.Schulz; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 27: 723 (1901), nom. illeg.
= Melilotus sulcatus f. diffusus O.E.Schulz; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 27: 723 (1901)
= Melilotus sulcatus f. humilis Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 60 (1899)
= Melilotus sulcatus f. latifolius (Willk.) O.E.Schulz; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 27: 723 (1901)
= Melilotus sulcatus f. simplex O.E.Schulz; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 27: 723 (1901)
= Melilotus sulcatus proles aschersonii O.E.Schulz; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 27: 722 (1901)
= Melilotus sulcatus proles libanoticus (Ser.) O.E.Schulz; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 27: 722 (1901)
= Melilotus sulcatus subsp. aschersonii (O.E.Schulz) P.Fourn.; Quatre Fl. France: 548 (1936)
= Melilotus sulcatus subsp. brachystachys Quézel; Nouv. Fl. Algerie: 504 (1962) (nom. inval.)
= Melilotus sulcatus var. angustifolius Lange; Prodr. Fl. Hispan. [Willk. & Lange] 3: 775 (1878)
= Melilotus sulcatus var. compactus (Salzm. ex Guss.) Coss.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 22: 57 (1875)
= Melilotus sulcatus var. compactus (Salzm.) Bonnet & Barratte; Cat. Pl. Tunisie [Bonnet & Barratte]: 114 (1896)
= Melilotus sulcatus var. latifolius Lange; Willk. & Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 3: 375 (1878)
= Melilotus sulcatus var. libanoticus Ser.; Prodr. [DC. & Lam.] 2: 189 (1825)
= Melilotus sulcatus var. longiracemosus Rouy; Fl. Franç. 5: 60 (1899)
= Melilotus sulcatus var. major Cambess.; Mém. Mus. Hist. Nat. 14: 289 (1827)
= Melilotus sulcatus var. mauritanicus (Willd.) Rouy; Fl. Franç. 5: 60 (1899)
= Melilotus sulcatus var. procerior Guss.; Enum. Pl. Inarim.: 83 (1854)
= Sertula sulcata (Desf.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 205 (1891)
= Trifolium mauritanicum Willd.; Sp. Pl. 3: 1354 (1802)
= Trifolium melilotus-mauritanicum Schousb.; Iagttag. Vextrig. Marokko: 196 (1800)
= Trifolium sulcatum Viv.; Fl. Lybie Spec.: 45 (1846)
= Trigonella sulcata (Desf.) Coulot & Rabaute; Bull. Soc. Bot. Centre-Ouest. Numero Special 40: 677 (2013)
species :
Melilotus tauricus (M.Bieb.) Ser.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 2: 188 (1825)
Distribution: Ukraine; Crimea; Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia)
14 KRY UKR 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Melilotus melilotus-tauricus Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 6(2): 442 (1907)
= Melilotus plicatus Steven ex Ser.; A. DC., Prodr. 2: 188 (1825)
= Trifolium melilotus-tauricum M.Bieb.; Fl. Taur. Caucasus 3: 506 (1820)
= Trifolium tauricum M.Bieb.; Fl. Taur.-Caucas. 3: 506 (1819)
= Trigonella taurica (M.Bieb.) Coulot & Rabaute; Biocosme Mésogéen 31(4): 149 (2014)
species :
Melilotus wolgicus Poir.; Lam., Encycl. Suppl. 3: 648 (1814)
Name: Wolga-Steinklee (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Slovakia; France [I]; Estonia [I]; Latvia [I]; Lithuania [I]; Belarus [I]; E-European Russia; Ukraine; Siberia (Altai [I], W-Siberia); Kazakhstan; Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Mongolia; Canada [I] (Manitoba [I], Saskatchewan [I])
11 ger SLO 12 fra 14 blr est lat lit RUS UKR 30 SIB 32 KAZ 33 ARM AZE NCS 37 MON 71 cdn
Synonyms: hidden
= Medicago ruthenica (Ser.) E.H.L.Krause; Sturm, Deutschl. Fl. Abbild., ed. 2, 9: 129 (1901), nom. illeg.
= Melilotus integerrimus Steven ex Trautv.; Bull. Sci. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg 8: 271 (1841)
= Melilotus laxus Steven ex Trautv.; Bull. Sci. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg 8: 271 (1841)
= Melilotus micranthus Willd. ex Steven; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 29(II): 133 (1856)
= Melilotus ruthenicus (M.Bieb.) Ser.; DC. Prod. 2: 186 (1825)
= Sertula ruthenica (Ser.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 205 (1891)
= Trifolium melilotus-ruthenicum M.Bieb.; Fl. Taur.-Caucas. 3: 506 (1819)
= Trigonella wolgica (Poir.) Coulot & Rabaute; Bull. Soc. Bot. Centre-Ouest. Numero Special 40: 633 (2014)
species :
Melilotus ×haussknechtianus O.E.Schulz; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 29: 708 (1901)
Distribution: Europe
Remarks: M. altissimus x M. officinalis
species :
Melilotus ×schoenheitianus Hausskn.; Mitt. Geogr. Ges. (Thüringen) Jena 8: 37 (1890)
Distribution: Germany (Sachsen, Thüringen); etc.
11 GER
Remarks: Melilotus albus x officinalis
species :
Melilotus ×scythicus O.E.Schulz
Distribution: European Russia; etc.
14 RUS
Remarks: Melilotus officinalis x Melilotus polonicus
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A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 18.4 (Feb. 11th, 2024)

Covering 354,025 accepted species,
9,095 hybrids, 47,879 accepted infraspecific taxa and 995,101 synonyms,
in total 1,406,100* names

[*about 25,000 dubious, "unplaced" names and about 4,000 invalid names (Art. 24.3) like "typicus" are deliberately omitted]


With complete, detailed distribution data (countries and regions) and literature references

Arranged in linear phylogenetic sequence reflecting true relationships

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With 38,290 pictures of 15,532 species

Assembled through 40 years independently from other databases

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