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Ver. 19.2
April 1st, 2024

260.0000 Family Rosaceae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 334 (1789), nom. cons.
97-110 genera, ca. 7.500 spp., of them about 4.000 microspecies in Rubus, Alchemilla and Sorbus
Species listed in database: 7619; hybrids: 491
= Agrimoniaceae Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 395, 574 (1822)
= Alchemillaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 17 (1820)
= Amygdalaceae Marquis; Esq. Règne Vég.: 49 (1820), nom. cons.
= Cercocarpaceae J.Agardh; Theoria Syst. Pl.: 287 (1858)
= Chamaemoraceae Lilja; Skånes Fl., ed. 2: 349, 980 (1870)
= Coleogynaceae J.Agardh; Theoria Syst. Pl.: 171 (1858)
= Cydoniaceae Schnizl.; Anal. Nat. Ordn. Gew.: 14 (1856)
= Dryadaceae Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 395, 577 (1822)
= Fragariaceae Nestl.; Monogr. Potentilla: 14 (1816)
= Lindleyaceae J.Agardh; Theoria Syst. Pl.: 166 (1858)
= Malaceae Small; Fl. S. E. U. S.: 529 (1903), nom. cons.
= Mespilaceae Schultz Sch.; Nat. Syst. Pflanzenr.: 509 (1832)
= Neilliaceae Miq.; Fl. Ned. Ind. 1: 390 (1855)
= Potentillaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 231 (1820)
= Poteriaceae Raf.; Anal. Nat.: 173 (1815)
= Prunaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 511 (1820)
= Pyraceae Vest; Anleit. Stud. Bot.: 268, 286 (1818)
= Rhodotypaceae J.Agardh; Theoria Syst. Pl.: 172 (1858)
= Sanguisorbaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 231 (1820)
= Sorbaceae Brenner; Florist. Handb.: 94 (1886)
= Spiraeaceae Bertuch; Taf. Allg. Naturgesch. Gewächs-Reich: Enum. 10, Syn. Tab. 3 (1801)
= Tormentillaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 636 (1820)
= Ulmariaceae Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 395, 588 (1822)
260.3841 Genus Mespilus L.; Sp. Pl. 1: 478 (1753)
Distribution: S- and Southeast Europe, Asia Minor, N-Iran, Caucasus, and Middle Asia. The genus is often included in Crataegus s. lat.
Species listed in database: 1
species :
Mespilus germanica L.; Sp. Pl. 478 (1753)
Name: Echte Mispel (DE), Medlar (EN)
Distribution: England [I]; Netherlands [I]; Belgium [I]; Luxembourg [I]; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin [I], Baden-Württemberg, Bayern [I], Hessen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland [I]; Liechtenstein [I]; Austria [I]; Poland [c]; Czech Republic [c]; Slovakia [I]; Hungary [I]; Portugal [I]; Spain [I]; Baleares [I]; France [I]; Channel Isl. [I]; Corsica [I]; Sardinia [I]; Italy [I]; Sicily [I]; Malta [I]; San Marino [I]; Slovenia [I]; Croatia [I]; Serbia; Kosovo [I]; North Macedonia [c]; Albania [c]; Romania [I]; Bulgaria (I?); European Turkey; Greece [I]; Crete [c]; Ukraine; Crimea; Madeira [I]; Turkmenistan [I]; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (E-Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Iran (EC-Iran, N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan); Cyprus (C-Mountains); Ecuador [I]
10 grb 11 aut bgm cze GER hun lie lux net pol slo swi 12 bal cis cor fra por sar spa 13 alb BUL cro grc ita kos kri mlt nma rom sic slv sma SRB TUE 14 KRY UKR 21 mdr 32 tkm 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 CYP IRN IRQ TUR 83 ecu
Synonyms: hidden
= Crataegus germanica (L.) K.Koch; Verh. Ver. Bef. Gartenb. II. 1: 225 (1853)
= Crataegus germanica (L.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 215 (1891)
= Crataegus mespilus Clairv. ex Jess.; Deutsche Excursions-Fl. 395 (1879), nom. illeg.
= Mespilus abortiva Mord.Laun.; Bon Jard. 1808: 116 (1808)
= Mespilus apyrena Poit. & Turpin; Duhamel, Traité Arbr. Fruit. 6: no. 2 (1826)
= Mespilus calicina Stokes; Bot. Mat. Med. 3: 107 (1812), nom. illeg.
= Mespilus communis Gueldenst.; Reisen 1: 419 (1787), nom. illeg.
= Mespilus domestica Gaterau; Descr. Pl. Montauban: 92 (1789), nom. illeg.
= Mespilus germanica f. apyrena (DC.) Rehder; Bibliogr. Cult. Trees: 240 (1949)
= Mespilus germanica f. cylindrica Vesirischvili; Zametki Sist. Geogr. Rast. 21: 22 (1959)
= Mespilus germanica f. gigantea Hegi; 740 (1922)
= Mespilus germanica f. globosa Vesirischvili; Zametki Sist. Geogr. Rast. 21: 22 (1959)
= Mespilus germanica f. macrocarpa (DC.) Zabel; Beissner et al., Handb. Laubholzben.: 180 (1903)
= Mespilus germanica f. macrocarpa Hegi; 740 (1922)
= Mespilus germanica f. obconica Vesirischvili; Zametki Sist. Geogr. Rast. 21: 22 (1959)
= Mespilus germanica unranked maliformis (Dierb.) Schübl. & G.Martens; 327 (1834)
= Mespilus germanica unranked pyriformis (Dierb.) Schübl. & G.Martens; 327 (1834)
= Mespilus germanica var. abortiva (Mord.Laun.) Dum.Cours.; Bot. Cult. 5: 446 (1811)
= Mespilus germanica var. abortiva (Mord.Laun.) Pers.; Syn. Pl. 2: 39 (1807)
= Mespilus germanica var. apyrena DC.; Lam. & A. DC., Fl. Franç., éd. 3 4: 435 (1805)
= Mespilus germanica var. diffusa Aiton; Hort. Kew. 2: 173 (1789)
= Mespilus germanica var. diffusa W.T.Aiton; Hortus Kew. 3: 205 (1811)
= Mespilus germanica var. domestica Borkh.; 196 (1790)
= Mespilus germanica var. gigantea G.Kirchn.; Petzold & Kirchner, Arbor. Muscav.: 288 (1864)
= Mespilus germanica var. hortensis Dum.Cours.; Bot. Cult. 5: 446 (1811)
= Mespilus germanica var. integrifolia Fed.et al.Fed.; Trudy Armyansk. Fil. Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R., Ser. Biol. 2: 37 (1937)
= Mespilus germanica var. macrocarpa DC.; Lam. & A. DC., Fl. Franç., éd. 3 4: 434 (1805)
= Mespilus germanica var. maliformis (Dierb.) S.Schauer; 298 (1848)
= Mespilus germanica var. pyriformis (Dierb.) S.Schauer; 327 (1848)
= Mespilus germanica var. sativa Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 566 (1821 publ. 1822)
= Mespilus germanica var. sativa Merrem; 225 (1809)
= Mespilus germanica var. serrulata Fed.et al.Fed.; Trudy Armyansk. Fil. Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R., Ser. Biol. 2: 38 (1937)
= Mespilus germanica var. silvestris Dierb.; 37, var. orthogr. (1827)
= Mespilus germanica var. stricta Aiton; Hort. Kew. 2: 172 (1789)
= Mespilus germanica var. stricta W.T.Aiton; Hortus Kew. 3: 205 (1811)
= Mespilus germanica var. sylvestris (Mill.) DC.; Lam. & A. DC., Fl. Franç., éd. 3 4: 434 (1805)
= Mespilus germanica var. sylvestris (Mill.) Münchh.; 202 (1770)
= Mespilus germanica var. sylvestris (Mill.) P.D.Sell; Fl. Gr. Brit. Ireland 2: 523 (2014), nom. illeg.
= Mespilus macrocarpa (DC.) Poit. & Turpin; Duhamel, Traité Arbr. Fruit. 6: no. 2 (1826)
= Mespilus portentosa Poit. & Turpin; Duhamel, Traité Arbr. Fruit. 6: no. 3 (1826)
= Mespilus pubescens Pohl; Tent. Fl. Bohem. 2: 164 (1814)
= Mespilus sylvestris Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. 8.: Mespilus no. 1 (1768)
= Mespilus vulgaris C.Bauhin ex Rchb.; Fl. Germ. Excurs. 630 (1832), nom. illeg.
= Mespilus vulgaris Gueldenst.; Reis. Russland 1: 312 (1787), nomen
= Mespilus vulgaris Rchb.; Fl. Germ. Excurs. 2: 630 (1832)
= Ostinia mespylus Clairv.; Man. Herb. 162 (1811), nom. illeg.
= Pyrus germanica (L.) Hook.f.; Stud. Fl. ed. I. 127 (1870)
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A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 19.2 (April 1st, 2024)

Covering 354,662 accepted species,
8,644 hybrids, 47,758 accepted infraspecific taxa and 996,179 synonyms,
in total 1,407,243* names

[*about 25,000 dubious, "unplaced" names and about 4,000 invalid names (Art. 24.3) like "typicus" are deliberately omitted]


With complete, detailed distribution data (countries and regions) and literature references

Arranged in linear phylogenetic sequence reflecting true relationships

Fully searchable and continously updated

With 38,290 pictures of 15,532 species

Assembled through 40 years independently from other databases

In cooperation with Catalogue of Life