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Ver. 18.4
Feb. 11th, 2024

267.0000 Family Moraceae Gaudin; C. B. Trinius, Gen. Pl.: 13 (1835), nom. cons.
51 genera, ca. 1200 spp. Phylogeny: Cole et al. (Phylogeny Poster) (2020)
Species listed in database: 1265; hybrids: 2
= Artocarpaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 260 (1820)
= Dorsteniaceae Chevall.; Fl. Gén. Env. Paris 2: 376 (1827)
= Ficaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 260 (1820)
267.0110 Genus Morus L.; Sp. Pl.: 986 (1753)
Distribution: Africa, W- and SW-Asia eastward to China (9), Japan and Java, warm-temp. North America, Russia (1 Far East)
Species listed in database: 17
= Morophorum Neck.; Elem. 3: 255 (1790)
species :
Morus alba L.; Sp. Pl.: 986 (1753)
Name: Weißer Maulbeerbaum (DE); White Mulberry (EN); Morera (ES)
Distribution: Germany [c]; Switzerland [c]; Austria [I]; Poland [c]; Slovakia [I]; Hungary [I]; Portugal [c]; Spain [I]; Baleares [I]; France [I]; Corsica [I]; Sardinia [I]; Italy [I]; Sicily [c]; Malta [c]; San Marino [I]; Slovenia [I]; Croatia [I]; Bosnia & Hercegovina [I]; Montenegro [I]; Serbia; Kosovo [I]; Serbia; Kosovo [I]; Macedonia [I]; Albania [I]; Bulgaria [I]; Greece [I]; Crete [c]; Belarus [I]; European Russia [c]; Moldova [I]; Crimea [c]; Morocco [c]; Algeria [c]; Tunisia [c]; Libya [c]; Madeira [c] (Madeira Isl. [c]); Canary Isl. [c] (Gran Canaria [c], Hierro [c]); Gambia [c]; Cameroon [c]; Central African Republic [c]; Sudan [c]; South Sudan [c]; South Africa [c] (widespread); Mozambique Channel Isl. [Iles Éparses] [c] (Juan de Nova Isl. [c]); Mauritius [c]; La Réunion [c]; Siberia [I]; Russian Far East [I]; Kazakhstan [c]; Turkmenistan [c]; Uzbekistan [c]; Kyrgyzstan [I]; Tajikistan [c]; Georgia [Caucasus] [I]; Armenia [I]; Azerbaijan [I]; East Aegaean Isl. [c] (incl. Rhodos [c]); Turkey (Anatolia); Iran [c]; Afghanistan [c]; Cyprus [I]; Israel [I]; Jordania [I]; Oman [c]; China (widespread); North Korea [c]; South Korea [c]; Taiwan [c]; Pakistan; India (throughout); Lakshadweep Isl. [Laccadives] [c]; Bangladesh [c]; Andaman Isl. [c]; Nicobar Isl. [c]; Myanmar [c]; Thailand [c]; Laos [c]; Cambodia [c]; Vietnam [c]; peninsular Malaysia [c]; Sumatra [c]; Borneo [c]; Sulawesi [c]; Philippines [I]; Java [I]; Lesser Sunda Isl. (Timor, etc.); Moluccas [c] (Ambon [c], Tanimbar [c]); Australia [c] (Queensland [c], New South Wales [c]); Lord Howe Isl. [c]; New Caledonia [c]; Tonga [c] (Tongatapu [c]); Society Isl. [c] (Tahiti [c], Raiatea [c]); Guam [c]; Hawaii [c] (Kauai [c], Oahu [c], Molokai [c], Maui [c], Hawaii Isl. [c]); Canada [c] (British Columbia [c], Ontario [c], Québec [c]); USA [c] (Alabama [c], Arkansas [c], Arizona [c], California [c], Colorado [c], Connecticut [c], District of Columbia [c], Delaware [c], Florida [c], Georgia [c], Iowa [c], Idaho [c], Illinois [c], Indiana [c], Kansas [c], Kentucky [c], Louisiana [c], Massachusetts [c], Maryland [c], Maine [c], Michigan [c], Minnesota [c], Missouri [c], Mississippi [c], Montana [c], North Carolina [c], North Dakota [c], Nebraska [c], New Hampshire [c], New Jersey [c], New Mexico [c], New York [c], Ohio [c], Oklahoma [c], Oregon [c], Pennsylvania [c], Rhode Island [c], South Carolina [c], South Dakota [c], Tennessee [c], Texas [c], Utah [c], Virginia [c], Vermont [c], Washington State [c], Wisconsin [c], West Virginia [c], Wyoming [c]); Mexico [c]; Guatemala [c]; Honduras [c]; Costa Rica [c]; Cuba [c]; Dominican Republic [c]; Haiti [c]; Puerto Rico [c]; Trinidad [c]; Colombia [c]; Venezuela [c]; Ecuador [c]; Peru [c]; Bolivia [c]; Paraguay [c]; Argentina [c]
11 aut ger hun pol slo swi 12 bal cor fra por sar spa 13 alb bih bul cro grc ita kos kri mlt mnt nma sic slv sma SRB 14 blr kry mld rus 20 alg lby mor tun 21 cny mdr 22 gam 23 caf cmn 24 ssu sud 27 saf 29 mau mci reu 30 sib 31 rfe 32 kaz kgz tkm tzk uzb 33 arm aze geo 34 afg cyp eai irn isr jor TUR 35 oma 36 CHI 38 kor nko tai 40 ban IND ldv PAK 41 and cbd lao mya ncb tha vie 42 bor jaw LSI mly mol phi sul sum 50 aus lhi 60 nwc ton 61 sci 62 gum 63 haw 71 cdn 72 cdn 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa 79 mex 80 cos gua hon 81 cub his pue trt 82 clm ven 83 bol ecu per 85 arg par
Remarks: many minor forms not listed
Synonyms: hidden
= Morus alba f. macrophylla (Moretti) C.K.Schneid.; Ill. Handb. Laubholzk. 1: 238 (1904)
= Morus alba var. arabica Bureau; Prodr. [A. DC.] 17: 244 (1873)
= Morus alba var. atropurpurea (Roxb.) Bureau; Prodr. [A. DC.] 17: 238 (1873)
= Morus alba var. colombassa Ser.; Descr. Mûriers: 206 (1855)
= Morus alba var. columbassetta Ser.; Descr. Mûriers: 207 (1855)
= Morus alba var. constantinopolitana (Poir.) Moretti; Giorn. Imp. Reale Ist. Lombardo Sci. & Bibliot. Ital. 1: 99 (1841)
= Morus alba var. emarginata Y.B.Wu; Acta Bot. Yunnan. 16(2): 120 (1994)
= Morus alba var. fibrosa Ser.; Descr. Mûriers: 212 (1855)
= Morus alba var. integrifolia K.Koch; Linnaea 22: 603 (1849), nomen
= Morus alba var. italica (Poir.) Moretti; Giorn. Imp. Reale Ist. Lombardo Sci. & Bibliot. Ital. 1: 99 (1841)
= Morus alba var. laciniata Beissn.; Mitt. Deutsch. Dendrol. Ges. 12: 127 (1903), nom. illeg.
= Morus alba var. laciniata G.Kirchn.; Petzold & Kirchner, Arbor. Muscav.: 543 (1864)
= Morus alba var. lhou Ser.; Descr. Mûriers: 208 (1855)
= Morus alba var. macrophylla (Moretti) Moretti; Giorn. Imp. Reale Ist. Lombardo Sci. & Bibliot. Ital. 1: 98 (1841)
= Morus alba var. morettii Ser.; Descr. Mûriers: 203 (1855)
= Morus alba var. multicaulis (Perr.) Loudon; Arbor. Frutic. Brit. 3: 1348 (1838)
= Morus alba var. nana Ser.; Descr. Mûriers: 212 (1855)
= Morus alba var. nervosa (Loudon) Moretti; Giorn. Imp. Reale Ist. Lombardo Sci. & Bibliot. Ital. 1: 99 (1841)
= Morus alba var. nigriformis Bureau; Prodr. [A. DC.] 17: 242 (1873)
= Morus alba var. pumila (Balb.) Moretti; Giorn. Imp. Reale Ist. Lombardo Sci. & Bibliot. Ital. 1: 99 (1841)
= Morus alba var. pyramidalis Ser.; Descr. Mûriers: 212 (1855)
= Morus alba var. romana Loudon; Arbor. Frutic. Brit. 3: 1349 (1838)
= Morus alba var. rosea Ser.; Descr. Mûriers: 203 (1855)
= Morus alba var. skeletoniana C.K.Schneid.; Ill. Handb. Laubholzk. 1: 237 (1904)
= Morus alba var. tatarica (L.) Loudon; Arbor. Frutic. Brit. 3: 1358 (1838)
= Morus alba var. tenuifolia Ser.; Descr. Mûriers: 198 (1855)
= Morus alba var. venosa Delile; Bull. Soc. Centr. Agric. Dép. Hérault 13: 328 (1826)
= Morus alba var. vungeana Bureau; Prodr. [A. DC.] 17: 241 (1873)
= Morus alpina Raf.; Amer. Man. Mulberry Trees: 91 (1839), nomen
= Morus arabica (Bureau) Koidz.; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 31: 35 (1917)
= Morus atropurpurea Roxb.; Hort. Beng. 67 (1814), nomen, Fl. Ind. 3: 595 (1832)
= Morus bullata Balb. ex Loudon; Arboret. 3: 1348 (1838)
= Morus byzantina Sieber ex Steud.; Nom. ed. II. 2: 162 (1841)
= Morus chinensis Lodd.; Cat. (1836) ex Loudon Arboret. 3: 1350
= Morus colombassa Dippel; Handb. Laubholzk. 2: 10 et 582 (1892)
= Morus constantinopolitana Poir.; Lam. Encyc. 4: 381 (1797)
= Morus cucullata Bonaf.; Sul. Gels. Philipp.: 7 (1831)
= Morus dulcis Royle; Illustr. Bot. Himalaya. 337 (1839)
= Morus fastigiata Dippel; Handb. Laubholzk. 2: 10 (1892), nomen
= Morus furcata Steud.; Nom. ed. II. 2: 162 (1841)
= Morus guzziola Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 2: 162 (1841)
= Morus heterophylla Loudon; Arboret. 3: I. 1361 (1838)
= Morus hispanica Loudon; Arbor. Frutic. Brit. 3: 1349 (1838), nomen
= Morus intermedia Perr.; Guill. Arch. Bot. 1: 234 (1833)
= Morus italica Poir. ex Lam.; Encyc. 4: 377 (1797)
= Morus kaki Lavallée; Arb. Segrez. 240 (1877)
= Morus levasseurei Lavallée; Arb. Segrez. 240 (1877)
= Morus lhou (Ser.) Koidz.; Fl. Symb. Orient.-Asiat.: 54 (1930)
= Morus lucida Loudon; Arboret. 3: 1350 (1838)
= Morus macrophylla Moretti; Index Seminum (PAV, Ticinensis) 1829: [2] (1829)
= Morus mariettii Steud.; Nom. ed. II. 2: 162 (1841)
= Morus membranacea Steud.; Nom. ed. II. 2: 162 (1841)
= Morus morettiana Lodd.; Cat. (1836) ex Loudon Arboret. 3: 1349
= Morus morettii Audib. ex Bureau; Prodr. [A. DC.] 17: 239 (1873), nomen
= Morus multicaulis (Perr.) Perr.; Mém. Soc. Linn. Paris 3: 129 (1825)
= Morus multicaulis var. cucullata Ser.; Descr. Mûriers: 219 (1855)
= Morus multicaulis var. planifolia Ser.; Descr. Mûriers: 219 (1855)
= Morus nana Audib. ex Loisel.; Cuvier, Dict. Sci. Nat. ed. 2. 33: 345 (1824)
= Morus nervosa Loudon; Arbor. Frutic. Brit. 3: 1349 (1838)
= Morus nigriformis (Bureau) Koidz.; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 31: 35 (1917)
= Morus patavia Audib. ex Dippel; Handb. Laubholzk. 2: 10 et 582 (1892) (patavina)
= Morus patavina Spach; Hist. Veg. Phan. 11: 43 (1841)
= Morus pumila Balb.; Cat. Hort. Bot. Taur. 52 (1813)
= Morus romana Lodd. ex Spach; Hist. Veg. Phan. 11: 45 (1841)
= Morus serotina Mart. ex Bureau; Prodr. [A. DC.] 17: 239 (1873), nomen
= Morus sinensis G.Don; Loudon, Hort. Brit.: 378 (1830)
= Morus subalba Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 2: 162 (1841), nomen
= Morus tatarica L.; Sp. Pl. 986 (1753)
= Morus tokwa (Bureau) K.Koch; Dendrologie 2(1): 447 (1872)
= Morus tortuosa Audib. ex Moretti; Giorn. Imp. Reale Ist. Lombardo Sci. & Bibliot. Ital. 1: 99 (1841), pro syn.
= Morus venassainii Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 2: 162 (1841), nomen
= Morus venosa (Delile) Spach; Hist. Nat. Vég. 11: 43 (1841)
species :
Morus boninensis Koidz.; Bot. Mag., Tokyo 31: 38 (1917)
Distribution: Bonin Isl. (Chichijima, Hahajima, Anijima, Otohtojima)
38 OGA
species :
Morus cathayana Hemsl.; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 26: 456 (1891)
Distribution: China (Anhui, Hebei, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Shaanxi, Shandong, Sichuan, Zhejiang); North Korea; South Korea; Japan (Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu); India [c]; Laos; Vietnam
36 CHI 38 JAP KOR NKO 40 ind 41 LAO VIE
Synonyms: hidden
= Morus chinlingensis C.L.Min; Acta Bot. Bor.-Occid. Sin. 6(4): 277 (1986)
= Morus tiliifolia Makino; Bot. Mag., Tokyo 23: 88 (1909)
= Morus cathayana var. japonica (Makino) Koidz.; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 31: 39 (1917)
variant :
var. gongshanensis (Z.Y.Cao) Z.Y.Cao; Acta Bot. Yunnan. 17(2): 154 (1995)
Distribution: China (NW-Yunnan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Morus gongshanensis Z.Y.Cao; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 29(3): 264-265, f. 1 (1991)
species :
Morus celtidifolia Kunth; Nov. Gen. et Sp. 2: 33 (1817)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Colima, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Jalisco, México State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nuevo Leon, Oaxaca, Puebla, Querétaro, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Yucatan, Zacatecas); Guatemala; El Salvador; Honduras; Costa Rica; Venezuela [I]; Ecuador [I]; Peru [I]; Bolivia [c]
79 MEX 80 COS ELS GUA HON 82 ven 83 bol ecu per
Synonyms: hidden
= Morus albida Greene; Leafl. Bot. Observ. Crit. 2: 118 (1910)
= Morus arbuscula Greene; Leafl. Bot. Observ. Crit. 2: 115 (1910)
= Morus betulifolia Greene; Leafl. Bot. Observ. Crit. 2: 117 (1910)
= Morus canina Greene; Leafl. Bot. Observ. Crit. 2: 118 (1910)
= Morus corylifolia Kunth; Nov. Gen. et Sp. 2: 33 (1817)
= Morus crataegifolia Greene; Leafl. Bot. Observ. Crit. 2: 119 (1910)
= Morus goldmanii Greene; Leafl. Bot. Observ. Crit. 2: 117 (1910)
= Morus mexicana Benth.; Pl. Hartw. 71 (1844)
= Morus microphilyra Greene; Leafl. Bot. Observ. Crit. 2: 120 (1910)
= Morus mollis Rusby; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 38: 145 (1911)
= Morus pandurata Greene; Leafl. Bot. Observ. Crit. 2: 114 (1910)
= Morus vernonii Greene; Leafl. Bot. Observ. Crit. 2: 115 (1910)
= Morus vitifolia Greene; Leafl. Bot. Observ. Crit. 2: 116 (1910), nom. illeg.
species :
Morus indica L.; Sp. Pl.: 986 (1753)
Distribution: Sudan [I]; Zimbabwe [I]; Mozambique [I]; Russian Far East (Sakhalin, Kuril Isl.); Uzbekistan [I]; China (Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hebei, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Liaoning, Shaanxi, Shandong, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang); Tibet; North Korea; South Korea (incl. Cheju Isl.); Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu); Ryukyu Isl.; Bonin Isl. (Chichijima, Hahajima); Taiwan; Nepal; Bhutan; India [c]; Myanmar (Chin, Kachin, Sagaing); Laos; Cambodia; Vietnam; Java; Tonga [I]; Fiji [I]; Society Isl. [I] (Tahiti [I], Raiatea [I]); Gambier Isl. [I]; Austral Isl. [I]
24 sud 26 moz zim 31 RFE 32 uzb 36 CHI TIB 38 JAP KOR NKO NNS OGA TAI 40 BHU ind NEP 41 CBD LAO MYA VIE 42 JAW 60 fij ton 61 aui gbi sci
Remarks: long treated as ´Morus australis Poir.´ which is a synonym of Broussonetia papyrifera
Synonyms: hidden
= Morus acidosa Griff.; Not. Pl. Asiat. 4: 388 (1854)
= Morus alba var. cuspidata Bureau; Prodr. [A. DC.] 17: 243 (1873)
= Morus alba var. indica (L.) Bureau; Prodr. [A. DC.] 17: 243 (1873)
= Morus alba var. japonica Moretti; Giorn. Imp. Reale Ist. Lombardo Sci. & Bibliot. Ital. 1: 99 (1841)
= Morus alba var. latifolia (Poir.) Moretti; Giorn. Imp. Reale Ist. Lombardo Sci. & Bibliot. Ital. 1: 94 (1841)
= Morus alba var. stylosa Bureau; Prodr. [A. DC.] 17: 243 (1873), nom. superfl.
= Morus amamiana Nakai; J. Jap. Bot. 25: 131 (1950)
= Morus australis var. glabra Koidz.; (1923)
= Morus australis var. hachijoensis (Hotta) Kitam.; Acta Phytotax. Geobot., 28(1-3): 19 (1977)
= Morus australis var. hastifolia (F.T.Wang & T.Tang ex Z.Y.Cao) Z.Y.Cao; Acta Bot. Yunnan. 17: 158 (1995)
= Morus australis var. incisa C.Y.Wu; Acta Bot. Yunnanica 11(1): 26 (1989)
= Morus australis var. inusitata (H.Lév.) C.Y.Wu; Acta Bot. Yunnanica 11(1): 25 (1989)
= Morus australis var. linearipartita Z.Y.Cao; Acta Bot. Yunnanica 17(2): 158 (1995)
= Morus australis var. maritima (Koidz.) Kitam.; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 31: 51 (1980)
= Morus australis var. oblongifolia Z.Y.Cao; Acta Bot. Yunnanica 17(2): 154 (1995)
= Morus bombycis f. dissecta Nakai; Fl. Sylv. Kor. 19: 101 (1932)
= Morus bombycis Koidz.; Bot. Mag., Tokyo 29: 313 (1915)
= Morus bombycis var. caudatifolia (Koidz.) Koidz.; Kuwazoku Shokubutsu 1: 33 (1919)
= Morus bombycis var. flexuosa Hotta; Acta Phytotax. Geobot., 25(2-3): 55 (1972)
= Morus bombycis var. ikuchuensis Hotta; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 25(2-3): 55 (1972)
= Morus bombycis var. maritima Koidz.; Bull. Imp. Sericult. Exp. Sta. 2: 13 (1923)
= Morus bombycis var. mikamiana Hotta; Acta Phytotax. Geobot., 25(2-3): 55 (1972)
= Morus bombycis var. saishuensis Hotta; Acta Phytotax. Geobot., 25(4-6): 186 (1973)
= Morus cashmeriana Royle; Ill. Bot. Himal. Mts.: 337 (1839)
= Morus caudatifolia Koidz.; Icon. Pl. Koisikav 3: 79 (1916)
= Morus cavaleriei H.Lév.; Fedde. Repert. 10: 146 (1911)
= Morus cuspidata Wall.; Numer. List no. 4646 (1831), nomen
= Morus expansa Raf.; Amer. Man. Mulberry Trees: 26 (1839)
= Morus formosensis Hotta; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 6: 142 (1937)
= Morus hachijoensis (Hotta) Hotta; Acta Phytotax. & Geobot., Kyoto 13: 144 (1943)
= Morus hastifolia F.T.Wang & T.Tang ex Z.Y.Cao; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 29: 266 (1991)
= Morus inusitata H.Lév.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 13: 265 (1914)
= Morus japonica Audib. ex L.H.Bailey; Stand. Cycl. Hort. 4: 2070 (1916)
= Morus japonica Siebold; Verh. Batav. Genootsch. Kunsten 12: 27 (1830), nomen
= Morus kagayamae Koidz.; Matsum. Ic. Pl. Kossikav. 3: 11 (1915)
= Morus kagayamae var. hachijoensis Hotta; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 7: 27 (1938)
= Morus laciniata Noronha; Verh. Batav. Genootsch. Kunsten 5(4): 20 (1790), nomen
= Morus latifolia Poir.; Lam., Encycl. 4: 381 (1797)
= Morus longistylus Diels; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 5: 293 (1912)
= Morus mizuho Hotta; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 51: 834 (1937)
= Morus parvifolia Royle; Ill. Bot. Himal. Mts.: 337 (1839), nom. illeg.
= Morus rotundiloba Koidz.; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 31: 36 (1917)
= Morus stylosa Ser.; Descr. Mûriers: 225 (1855)
= Morus stylosa var. cordifolia Ser.; Descr. Mûriers: 227 (1855)
= Morus stylosa var. latidentata Ser.; Descr. Mûriers: 227 (1855)
= Morus stylosa var. ovalifolia Ser.; Descr. Mûriers: 227 (1855)
species :
Morus koordersiana J.-F.Leroy; Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris, Ser. 2, 21: 729 (1950)
Distribution: Sumatra
42 SUM
Remarks: provisionally accepted name. Possibly synonymous with M. macroura
species :
Morus liboensis S.S.Chang; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 22(1): 66 (1984)
Distribution: China (Guizhou)
36 CHI
species :
Morus macroura Miq.; Pl. Jungh. 42 (1851)
Distribution: China (S-Yunnan, Hainan); SE-Tibet; Pakistan [I] (Baluchistan [I], Rawalpindi [I], Lahore [I]); Nepal; Bhutan; India (almost throughout); Bangladesh; Andaman Isl.; Myanmar (Bago, Kachin, Sagaing); Thailand; Laos; Cambodia; Vietnam; peninsular Malaysia; Sumatra; Java
36 CHI TIB 40 BAN BHU IND NEP pak 41 AND CBD LAO MYA THA VIE 42 JAW MLY SUM
Synonyms: hidden
= Morus alaisia Deless. ex Moretti; Giorn. Ist. Lomb. Sci. 1: 182 (1841)
= Morus alba subvar. viridis Bureau; Prodr. [A. DC.] 17: 245 (1873)
= Morus alba var. laevigata Bureau; Prodr. 17: 245 (1873)
= Morus laevigata (Bureau) Wall. ex Brandis; Forest Fl. N.W. India: 409 (1874)
= Morus laevigata Wall.; Numer. List no. 4649 (1831), et ex Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 492 (1888)
= Morus macroura var. viridis (Bureau) K.K.Khanna; Fl. Bihar, Analysis 482 (2001)
= Morus viridis Buch.-Ham. ex Wall.; Numer. List no. 4649 (1831), nomen
= Morus wallichiana Koidz.; Fl. Symb. Orient.-Asiat.: 88 (1930)
variant :
var. laxiflora G.K.Upadhyay & A.A.Ansari; Rheedea 20(1): 44 (2010)
Distribution: NE-India (Arunachal Pradesh)
40 IND
variant :
var. mawu (Koidz.) C.Y.Wu & Z.Y.Cao; Acta Bot. Yunnan. 17(2): 153 (1995)
Distribution: China (S-Guangxi, S-Yunnan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Morus wittiorum var. mawu Koidz.; Fl. Symb. Orient.-Asiat. 90 (1930)
species :
Morus microphylla Buckley; Proc. Acad. Sc Philad. 1862 8 (1863)
Name: Texas mulberry
Distribution: USA (Arizona, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Texas); Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Nuevo Leon, Sonora)
74 USA 76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Morus confinis Greene; Leaflets Bot. Obs. 2: 119 (1910)
= Morus grisea Greene; Leafl. Bot. Observ. Crit. 2: 121 (1911)
= Morus radulina Greene; Leaflets Bot. Obs. 2: 119 (1910)
species :
Morus miyabeana Hotta; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 64: 225 (1951)
Distribution: Japan (Kyushu)
38 JAP
species :
Morus mongolica (Bureau) C.K.Schneid.; Pl. Wils. 3: 296 (1916)
Distribution: China (Anhui, Guizhou, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Jiangsu, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Yunnan); Tibet; North Korea; ?Japan
36 CHI TIB 38 NKO
Synonyms: hidden
= Morus alba var. mongolica Bureau; Prodr. (DC.) 17: 241 (1873)
= Morus barkamensis S.S.Chang; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 22(1): 67-68, f. 8 (1984)
= Morus deqinensis S.S.Chang; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 22(1): 65-66, f. 4 (1984)
= Morus mongolica var. barkamensis (S.S.Chang) C.Y.Wu & Z.Y.Cao; Acta Bot. Yunnan. 17: 154 (1995)
= Morus mongolica var. diabolica Koidz.; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 31: 36 (1917)
= Morus mongolica var. hopeiensis S.S.Chang; Acta Bot. Yunnanica 11(1): 24 (1989)
= Morus mongolica var. longicaudata Z.Y.Cao; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 29: 265 (1991)
= Morus mongolica var. pubescens S.C.Li & X.M.Liu; S. C. Li et al. (eds.), Dendrol. Zhongtiaoshan.: 366 (1995)
= Morus mongolica var. rotundifolia Y.B.Wu; Acta Bot. Yunnan. 16: 120 (1994)
= Morus mongolica var. vestita Rehder; J. Arnold Arbor. 1: 142 (1919)
species :
Morus nigra L.; Sp. Pl.: 986 (1753)
Name: Schwarzer Maulbeerbaum (DE); Mora negra (ES); Black mulberry (EN)
Distribution: England [c]; Ireland [c]; Netherlands [I]; Germany [c]; Switzerland [c]; Austria [c]; Poland [c]; Slovakia [I]; Hungary [I]; Portugal [I]; Spain [I]; Baleares [c]; France [I]; Sardinia [I]; Italy [I]; Sicily [I]; Malta [I]; Slovenia [I]; Croatia [c]; Bosnia & Hercegovina [I]; Montenegro [I]; Serbia; Kosovo [c]; Serbia; Kosovo [I]; Macedonia [I]; Albania [I]; Bulgaria [c]; Greece [I]; European Russia [c]; Moldova [c]; Ukraine [I]; Crimea [I]; Morocco [I]; Algeria [I]; Tunisia [I]; Libya [I]; Madeira [I]; Canary Isl. [I] (Gran Canaria [I], Tenerife [I], Hierro [I], La Palma Isl. [I], La Gomera [I], Lanzarote [I], Fuerteventura [I]); St. Helena [c]; Kazakhstan [I]; Turkmenistan [I]; Uzbekistan [I]; Kyrgyzstan [I]; Tajikistan [I]; Georgia [Caucasus] [I]; Armenia [c]; Azerbaijan [I]; East Aegaean Isl. [I] (incl. Rhodos [I]); Iraq [I]; W-Iran; Afghanistan [I]; Saudi Arabia [I]; Bahrain [I]; Qatar [I]; Yemen [I]; China [I]; Pakistan [I]; India [c]; Vietnam [I]; Australia [I] (Queensland [I]); USA [I] (Kentucky [I], Louisiana [I], Ohio [I], Texas [I], West Virginia [I]); Mexico [I]; Costa Rica [I]; Cuba [I]; Puerto Rico [I]; Guadeloupe [I]; Martinique [I]; St. Lucia [I]; Barbados [I]
10 grb ire 11 aut ger hun net pol slo swi 12 bal fra por sar spa 13 alb bih bul cro grc ita kos mlt mnt nma sic slv SRB 14 kry mld rus ukr 20 alg lby mor tun 21 cny mdr 28 sth 32 kaz kgz tkm tzk uzb 33 arm aze geo 34 afg eai IRN irq 35 bar qat sau yem 36 chi 40 ind pak 41 vie 50 aus 75 usa 77 usa 78 usa 79 mex 80 cos 81 bbd cub gdl mar pue stl
Synonyms: hidden
= Morus atrata Raf.; Amer. Man. Mulberry Trees: 27 (1839), nomen
= Morus cretica Raf.; Amer. Man. Mulberry Trees: 23 (1839)
= Morus laciniata Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. VIII. n. 2 (1768)
= Morus nigra var. dentata Ser.; Descr. Mûriers: 222 (1855)
= Morus nigra var. laciniata (Mill.) Moretti; Giorn. Imp. Reale Ist. Lombardo Sci. & Bibliot. Ital. 1: 98 (1841)
= Morus nigra var. lobata Ser.; Descr. Mûriers: 223 (1855)
= Morus nigra var. microcarpa Risso; Hist. Nat. Prod. Eur. Mérid. 2: 247 (1826)
= Morus nigra var. scabra Moretti; Giorn. Imp. Reale Ist. Lombardo Sci. & Bibliot. Ital. 1: 98 (1841)
= Morus petiolaris Raf.; Amer. Man. Mulberry Trees: 24 (1839)
= Morus siciliana Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. VIII. n. 2 in Erratis (1768)
species :
Morus notabilis C.K.Schneid.; Pl. Wils. 3: 293 (1917)
Distribution: China (Sichuan, Yunnan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Morus mongolica var. yunnanensis (Koidz.) C.Y.Wu & Z.Y.Cao; Acta Bot. Yunnan. 17: 154 (1995)
= Morus yunnanensis Koidz.; Fl. Symb. Orient.-Asiat. 89 (1930)
species :
Morus rubra L.; Sp. Pl. 986 (1753)
Name: Red Mulberry
Distribution: Slovakia [I]; Serbia; Kosovo [c]; Turkey (Anatolia); India [c]; Canada (Ontario); USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, Nebraska, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, Vermont, Wisconsin, West Virginia)
11 slo 13 kos SRB 34 TUR 40 ind 72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Morus argutidens Koidz.; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 31: 41 (1917)
= Morus canadensis Poir.; Lam. Encyc. 4: 380 (1797)
= Morus caroliniana Moretti; Giorn. Ist. Lomb. Sci. 1: 181 (1841)
= Morus parvifolia Raf.; New Fl. 3: 47 (1838)
= Morus pensylvanica Nois. ex G.Don; Loudon, Hort. Brit.: 378 (1830)
= Morus reticulata Raf.; Man. Am. Mulb. 28 (1839)
= Morus riparia Raf.; New Fl. 3: 46 (1838)
= Morus rubra f. atropurpurea F.Seym.; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 48: 250 (1952)
= Morus rubra f. incurva F.Seym.; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 48: 250 (1952)
= Morus rubra f. laevis F.Seym.; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 48: 249 (1952)
= Morus rubra var. canadensis (Poir.) Moretti; Giorn. Imp. Reale Ist. Lombardo Sci. & Bibliot. Ital. 1: 99 (1841)
= Morus rubra var. incisa Bureau; Prodr. [A. DC.] 17: 246 (1873)
= Morus rubra var. missouriensis Audib. ex Moretti; Giorn. Imp. Reale Ist. Lombardo Sci. & Bibliot. Ital. 1: 99 (1841), nomen
= Morus rubra var. pensylvanica (Nois. ex G.Don) Moretti; Giorn. Imp. Reale Ist. Lombardo Sci. & Bibliot. Ital. 1: 99 (1841)
= Morus rubra var. scabra (Willd.) Moretti; Giorn. Imp. Reale Ist. Lombardo Sci. & Bibliot. Ital. 1: 99 (1841)
= Morus scabra Willd.; Enum. Hort. Berol. 967 (1809)
= Morus virginica Duhamel ex Dippel; Handb. Laubholzk. 2: 14 (1892)
variant :
var. murrayana (Saar & Galla) Saar; Phytologia 94(2): 246 (2012)
Distribution: USA (Kentucky: Calloway Co.)
78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Morus murrayana Saar & Galla; Phytologia 91(1): 106 (2009)
variant :
var. tomentosa (Raf.) Bureau; DC., Prodr. 17: 246 (1873)
Distribution: USA (Texas)
77 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Morus tomentosa Raf.; Fl. Ludov. 113 (1817)
species :
Morus serrata Roxb.; Hort. Beng. [103] (1814), nomen, Fl. Ind. 3: 596 (1832)
Distribution: S-Tibet; N-Pakistan (Baluchistan, Swat, Hazara, Murree); Nepal; NW-India (Assam, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Sikkim, Uttarakhand)
36 TIB 40 IND NEP PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Morus alba var. serrata (Roxb.) Bureau; Prodr. [A. DC.] 17: 242 (1873)
= Morus gyirongensis X.S.Zhang; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 20(1): 95 (1982)
= Morus pabularia Decne.; Jacq. Voy. Bot. 149, t. 151 (1844)
= Morus vicorum Jacquem. ex Decne.; Jacquem., Voy. Inde 4: 149 (1844)
species :
Morus trilobata (S.S.Chang) Z.Y.Cao; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 29(3): 265-266 (1991)
Distribution: China (Guizhou: Kaili Xian)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Morus australis var. trilobata S.S.Chang; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 22(1): 66, f. 5 (1984)
species :
Morus wittiorum Hand.-Mazz.; Anz. Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.-Nat. 58: 88 (1921)
Distribution: China (Guangdong, Guangxi Guizhou, Hubei, Hunan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Morus jinpingensis S.S.Chang; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 22(1): 66 (1984)
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A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 18.4 (Feb. 11th, 2024)

Covering 354,025 accepted species,
9,095 hybrids, 47,879 accepted infraspecific taxa and 995,101 synonyms,
in total 1,406,100* names

[*about 25,000 dubious, "unplaced" names and about 4,000 invalid names (Art. 24.3) like "typicus" are deliberately omitted]


With complete, detailed distribution data (countries and regions) and literature references

Arranged in linear phylogenetic sequence reflecting true relationships

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With 38,290 pictures of 15,532 species

Assembled through 40 years independently from other databases

In cooperation with Catalogue of Life