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Ver. 19.4
June 30th, 2024

153.0000 Family Musaceae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 61 (1789), nom. cons.
3 genera, ca. 100 spp. Old World tropics. Phylogeny: Liu et al. 2010
Species listed in database: 91; hybrids: 6
= Museae Benth.; Fl. Austral. 6: 261 (1873)
= Musinae Kuntze; T. E. von Post & C. E. O. Kuntze, Lex. Gen. Phan.: 628 (1903)
= Musineae W.J.Kress; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 77: 717 (1990)
= Musoideae Eaton; Bot. Dict., ed. 4: 28 (1836)
153.0003 Genus Musa L.; Sp. Pl. 2: 1043 (1753)
Distribution: Tropical Asia, tropical Australia, W-Pacific
Species listed in database: 83; hybrids: 6
= Karkandela Raf.; Sylva Tellur. 106 (1838)
species :
Musa acuminata Colla; Mem. Gen. Musa 66 (1820)
subspecies :
subsp. acuminata
Name: Edible banana (EN); Banane (DE); Platanera (ES)
Distribution: Spain [c]; Sicily [c]; Azores [c]; Canary Isl. [c]; Principe Isl. [c]; São Tomé [c]; Equatorial Guinea [c]; Pemba Isl.; St. Helena [c]; Mauritius [c]; La Réunion [c]; Chagos Arch. [c] (Diego Garcia [c]); Agalega Isl. [c]; Turkey [c]; China (Guangxi, Yunnan, Guangdong [I], Fujian [I]); Pakistan; India (Assam); Sri Lanka; Bangladesh; Andaman Isl. (North Andamans, Middle Andamans, South Andamans, Little Andaman Isl.); Nicobar Isl. (Car Nicobar Isl., North Nicobars, Central Nicobars, Great Nicobar Isl., Little Nicobar Isl.); Myanmar; Thailand; Laos; Vietnam; peninsular Malaysia; Sumatra; South China Sea Isl. [I]; Philippines [I]; Java; Lesser Sunda Isl.; Lesser Sunda Isl. (Bali); Moluccas (Ambon); New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea); Fiji [c]; Gilbert Isl. [c]; Nauru [c]; Cook Isl. [c] (widespread); Tuamotu Arch. [c] (Makatea Isl. [c]); Palau [c] (Babeldaob [c], Pulu Anna [c], Merir [c]); Northern Marianas [c] (Asuncion [c], Agrihan [c], Pagan [c], Alamagan [c], Anatahan [c]); Northern Marianas [c] ; Guam [c]; Fed. States of Micronesia [c] (Kapingamarangi [c]); Fed. States of Micronesia [c] (Yap [c], Eauripik [c], Lamotrek [c], Satawal [c], Puluwat [c], Truk [c], Nama [c], Namoluk [c], Etal [c], Lukunor [c], Satawan [c], Nukuoro [c], Kapingamarangi [c], Pohnpei [c], Mokil [c], Pingelap [c], Kosrae [c]); Marshall Isl. [c] (Ujae [c], Lae [c], Kwajalein [c], Ailuk [c], Maloelap [c], Aur [c], Ailinglapalap [c], Majuro [c], Arno [c], Kili [c], Jaluit [c]); USA [c] (Florida [c]); Mexico [c]; Guatemala [c]; Honduras [c]; Nicaragua [c]; Costa Rica [c]; Cuba [c]; Jamaica [c]; Trinidad & Tobago [c]; Colombia [c]; Ecuador [c]; Galapagos [c]; Bolivia [c]
12 spa 13 sic 21 azo cny 23 eqg pri sao 25 TAN 28 sth 29 aga cgs mau reu 34 tur 36 CHI 40 BAN IND PAK SRL 41 AND LAO MYA NCB THA VIE 42 JAW LSI MLY MOL NWG phi scs SUM 60 fij gil nru 61 coo tua 62 gum mic mrn mrs plu 78 usa 79 mex 80 cos gua hon nic 81 cub jam trt 82 clm 83 bol ecu gal
Synonyms: hidden
= Musa acuminata subsp. rubrobracteata M.Hotta; Occas. Pap. Kagoshima Univ. Res. Center S. Pacific 16: 67 (1989)
= Musa acuminata var. alasensis Nasution; Mem. Tokyo Univ. Agric. 32: 48 (1991)
= Musa acuminata var. bantamensis Nasution; Mem. Tokyo Univ. Agric. 32: 65 (1991)
= Musa acuminata var. breviformis Nasution; Mem. Tokyo Univ. Agric. 32: 71 (1991)
= Musa acuminata var. cerifera (Backer) Nasution; Mem. Tokyo Univ. Agric. 32: 60 (1991)
= Musa acuminata var. longipetiolata Nasution; Mem. Tokyo Univ. Agric. 32: 63 (1991)
= Musa acuminata var. nakaii Nasution; Mem. Tokyo Univ. Agric. 32: 58 (1991)
= Musa acuminata var. rutilipes (Backer) Nasution; Mem. Tokyo Univ. Agric. 32: 68 (1991)
= Musa acuminata var. sumatrana (Becc.) Nasution; Mem. Tokyo Univ. Agric. 32: 80 (1991)
= Musa acuminata var. tomentosa (Warb. ex K.Schum.) Nasution; Mem. Tokyo Univ. Agric. 32: 82 (1991)
= Musa acuminata var. violacea Kurz; J. Agric. Soc. India 14: 297 (1867)
= Musa acuminata var. zebrina (Van Houtte ex Planch.) Nasution; J. Biol. Indonesia 1: 282 (1993)
= Musa cavendishii Lamb. ex Paxton; Paxton´s Mag. Bot. 3: 51-52, f. (1837)
= Musa cavendishii var. hawaiiensis N.G.Teodoro; Philipp. J. Sci., C 10: 410 (1915)
= Musa cavendishii var. pumila (Blanco) N.G.Teodoro; Philipp. J. Sci., C 10: 412 (1915)
= Musa cerifera (Backer) Nakai; Bull. Tokyo Sci. Mus. 22: 9 (1948)
= Musa chinensis Sweet; Hort. Brit., ed. 2: 596 (1830), nom. nud.
= Musa corniculata (Rumph.) Kurz; J. Agr. Hort. Soc. Ind. N. S. 5: 166 (1878)
= Musa javanica Nakai; Bull. Tokyo Sci. Mus. 22: 9 (1948), no Latin descr.
= Musa minor Nakai; Bull. Tokyo Sci. Mus. 22: 11 (1948), no Latin descr.
= Musa rhinozerotis Kurz; J. Agric. Soc. India, n.s., 5: 64 (1878)
= Musa rumphiana Kurz; J. Agr. Hort. Soc. Ind. N. S. 5: 164 (1878)
= Musa simiarum Kurz; J. Agr. Hort. Soc. Ind. N S. 14: 297 (1867)
= Musa simiarum var. violacea Kurz; J. Agric. Soc. India 14: 297 (1867)
= Musa sinensis André; Pl. Feuill. Ornem.: 190 (1866)
= Musa sumatrana Becc.; Ill. Hort. 27: 37 (1880)
= Musa sundaica Nakai; Bull. Tokyo Sci. Mus. 22: 9 (1948), no Latin descr.
= Musa tomentosa Warb. ex K.Schum.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 45: 22 (1900)
= Musa ×paradisiaca var. pumila Blanco; Fl. Filip.: 244 (1837), nom. illeg.
= Musa ×paradisiaca var. pumila G.Forst.; Pl. Esc.: 32 (1786)
= Musa ×sapientum var. pumila (N.G.Teodoro) Merr.; Enum. Philipp. Fl. Pl. 1(2): 225 (1922)
= Musa zebrina f. cerifera Backer; Handb. Fl. Java 3: 137 (1924)
= Musa zebrina f. rutilipes Backer; Handb. Fl. Java 3: 137 (1924)
= Musa zebrina Van Houtte ex Planch.; Fl. des Serres 10: 1854 (1855) 223. t. 1061
variant :
var. chinensis Häkkinen & H.Wang; Novon 17(4): 442 (2007)
Distribution: China (Yunnan)
36 CHI
subspecies :
subsp. burmanica N.W.Simmonds; Kew Bull. 11: 468 (1956 publ. 1957)
Distribution: Myanmar; Thailand
41 MYA THA
subspecies :
subsp. errans (Blanco) R.V.Valmayor; Philipp. Agric. Sci. 84: 328 (2001)
Distribution: Philippines (Luzon)
42 PHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Musa errans (Blanco) N.G.Teodoro; Philipp. J. Sci., C 10: 390 (1915 publ. 1916)
= Musa errans var. botoan N.G.Teodoro; Philipp. J. Sci., C 10: 391 (1915)
= Musa troglodytarum var. errans Blanco; Fl. Filip.: 247 (1837)
subspecies :
subsp. halabanensis (Meijer) M.Hotta; Occas. Pap. Kagoshima Univ. Res. Center S. Pacific 16: 67 (1989)
Distribution: Sumatra
42 SUM
Synonyms: hidden
= Musa acuminata var. halabanensis (Meijer) Nasution; Mem. Tokyo Univ. Agric. 32: 51 (1991)
= Musa halabanensis Meijer; Acta Bot. Neerl. 10: 250 (1961)
subspecies :
subsp. malaccensis (Ridl.) N.W.Simmonds; Kew Bull. 11: 466 (1956 publ. 1957)
Distribution: peninsular Malaysia (Perlis, Kedah, Kelantan, Trengganu, Penang Isl., Pahan, Melaka)
42 MLY
Synonyms: hidden
= Musa acuminata var. flava (Ridl.) Nasution; Mem. Tokyo Univ. Agric. 32: 58 (1991)
= Musa acuminata var. malaccensis (Ridl.) Nasution; Mem. Tokyo Univ. Agric. 32: 75 (1991)
= Musa flava Ridl.; Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 3: 385 (1893)
= Musa flava var. berdiri C.K.Lim & Meekiong; Folia Malaysiana 14(1): 28 (2013)
= Musa malaccensis Ridl.; Trans. Linn. Soc. Ser. II. 3: 385 (1893)
= Musa malaccensis var. minor Ridl.; J. Straits Branch Roy. Asiat. Soc. 59: 205 (1911)
subspecies :
subsp. microcarpa (Becc.) N.W.Simmonds; Kew Bull. 11: 467 (1956 publ. 1957)
Distribution: peninsular Malaysia (Kedah, Trengganu, Pahan, Selangor); Borneo
42 BOR MLY
Synonyms: hidden
= Musa acuminata var. microcarpa (Becc.) Nasution; Mem. Tokyo Univ. Agric. 32: 86 (1991)
= Musa microcarpa Becc.; Nelle Foreste di Borneo, 623 (1902)
subspecies :
subsp. siamea N.W.Simmonds; Kew Bull. 11: 466 (1956 publ. 1957)
Distribution: Thailand; Vietnam; peninsular Malaysia (Perlis, Kedah, Kelantan)
41 THA VIE 42 MLY
subspecies :
subsp. truncata (Ridl.) Kiew; Ann. Bot. (U. K.) 88: 1025 (2001)
Distribution: peninsular Malaysia
42 MLY
Synonyms: hidden
= Musa truncata Ridl.; J. Fed. Malay States Mus. 4: 80 (1909)
= Musa truncata var. horizontalis Holttum; Folia Malaysiana 13(2): 28 (2012)
species :
Musa arfakiana Argent; Gard. Bull. Singapore 61(2): 243 (2010)
Distribution: New Guinea (Irian Jaya)
42 NWG
species :
Musa argentii Gogoi & Borah; Edinburgh J. Bot. 71(2): 182 (2014)
Distribution: India (Arunachal Pradesh)
40 IND
species :
Musa arunachalensis A.Joe, Sreejith & M.Sabu; Phytotaxa 134(1): 50 (2013)
Distribution: India (Arunachal Pradesh)
40 IND
species :
Musa aurantiaca G.Mann ex Baker; Ann. Bot. 7: (1893) 222; et in Gard. Chron. (1894) 1: 102
Distribution: India (Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland)
40 IND
variant :
var. homenborgohainiana Gogoi; Nordic J. Bot. 32(6): 702 (2014)
Distribution: India (Arunachal Pradesh)
40 IND
variant :
var. jengingensis Gogoi; Nordic J. Bot. 32(6): 702 (2014)
Distribution: India (Arunachal Pradesh)
40 IND
species :
Musa azizii Häkkinen; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 56(1): 29 (2005)
Distribution: Borneo (Sarawak)
42 BOR
species :
Musa balbisiana Colla; Mem. Gen. Musa 56 (1820)
Distribution: São Tomé [I]; India (Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim, also cultivated throughout); Sri Lanka; Myanmar; Thailand; Vietnam; peninsular Malaysia; Borneo [I]; Java; New Guinea (Papua New Guinea); Bismarck Arch.; [Western] Samoa [I] (´Upolu [I], Savai´i [I]); Honduras [I]; Jamaica [I]; Bolivia [I]
23 sao 40 IND SRL 41 MYA THA VIE 42 bor JAW MLY NWG 43 BIS 60 sam 80 hon 81 jam 83 bol
Synonyms: hidden
= Musa balbisiana var. elavazhai A.Joe, Sreejith & M.Sabu; Phytotaxa 175(2): 113 (2014)
= Musa balbisiana var. sepa-athiya Borborah, Borthakur & Tanti; Bangladesh J. Pl. Taxon. 23(1): 75 (2016)
= Musa elata Nakai; Bull. Tokyo Sci. Mus. 22: 9 (1948), no Latin descr.
= Musa martini C.Van Geert ex K.Koch; Rev. Hort. Belge Étrangère 18: 107 (1892)
= Musa paradisiaca subsp. sapientum (L.) K.Schum; Engl., Pflanzenr. 45: 20 (1900)
= Musa pruinosa (King) Burkill; Rec. Bot. Surv. India 10: 384 (1925)
= Musa rosacea Jacq.; Pl. Hort. Schoenbr. 4: 22 (1804), nom. rej.
= Musa seminifera Lour.; Fl. Cochinch. 644 (1790)
= Musa shankarii Subba Rao & Kumari; Fl. Visakhapatnam Distr. 2: 266 (2008)
= Musa ×paradisiaca subsp. seminifera (Lour.) K.Schum.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV 45: 21 (1900)
= Musa ×paradisiaca var. granulosa G.Forst.; Pl. Esc.: 31 (1786)
= Musa ×sapientum f. pruinosa King; Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 7: 214 (1893)
= Musa ×sapientum subsp. seminifera (Lour.) Baker; Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 7: 213 (1893)
= Musa ×sapientum var. pruinosa (King) A.M.Cowan & Cowan; Trees N. Bengal: 135 (1929)
variant :
var. andamanica D.B.Singh, Sreek., T.V.R.S.Sharma & A.K.Bandyop.; Malayan Not. J., 52(3-4): 157 (1998)
Distribution: India (Tripura); Andaman Isl.
40 IND 41 AND
Synonyms: hidden
= Musa paramjitiana L.J.Singh; Nordic J. Bot. 35(1): 77 (2016)
variant :
var. bakeri (Hook.f.) Häkkinen; Fruit Gard. 42(5): 27 (2010)
Distribution: Vietnam
41 VIE
Synonyms: hidden
= Musa bakeri Hook.f.; Bot. Mag. 124: t. 7627 (1898)
variant :
var. brachycarpa (Backer) Häkkinen; Adansonia 30(1): 70 (2008)
Distribution: Java
42 JAW
Synonyms: hidden
= Musa brachycarpa Backer; Handb. Fl. Java 3: 135 (1924)
variant :
var. dechangensis (J.L.Liu & M.G.Liu) Häkkinen; Fruit Gard. 43(3): (2011)
Distribution: China (Yunnan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Musa dechangensis J.L.Liu & M.G.Liu; Acta Bot. Yunnanica 9(2): 163 (1987)
variant :
var. liukiuensis (Matsum.) Häkkinen; Adansonia 30(1): 91 (2008)
Distribution: Ryukyu Isl.
38 NNS
Synonyms: hidden
= Musa liukiuensis (Matsum.) Makino ex Kuroiwa; Bot. Mag. Tokyo 14: 141 (1900)
= Musa textilis var. liukiuensis (Matsum.) Matsum.; Mem. Fac. Sci. Taihoku Imp. Univ. 11(Bot. 4): 568 (1934)
= Musa ×sapientum var. liukiuensis Matsum.; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 26: 180 (1912)
species :
Musa banksii F.Muell.; Fragm. 4: 132 (1864)
Distribution: New Guinea; Australia (NE-Queensland)
42 NWG 50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Musa acuminata subsp. banksii (F.Muell.) N.W.Simmonds; Kew Bull. 11: 463 (1956 publ. 1957)
= Musa banksiana Kurz; J. Agric. Soc. India, n.s., 5: 164 (1878), orth. var.
= Musa banksii var. muelleriana Domin; Biblioth. Bot. 85: 253 (1915)
= Musa banksii var. samoensis Cheeseman; Kew Bull. 3: 157 (1948)
= Musa charlioi W.Hill; Rep. Brisbane Bot. Gard.: 7 (1874)
species :
Musa barioensis Häkkinen; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 57(1): 57 (2006)
Distribution: Borneo (Sarawak)
42 BOR
species :
Musa basjoo Siebold & Zucc.; Verh. Batav. Genootsch. Kunsten 12: 18 (1831)
Distribution: China (Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang); Ryukyu Isl. [I]; Vietnam
36 CHI 38 nns 41 VIE
Synonyms: hidden
= Musa basjoo Siebold ex Miq.; Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 3(fasc. 7): 203, no. 418 (1867)
= Musa basjoo var. lushanensis (J.L.Liu) Häkkinen; Fruit Gard. 43(3): (2011)
= Musa basjoo var. luteola (J.L.Liu) Häkkinen; Fruit Gard. 43(3): (2011)
= Musa japonica Sallier; Rev. Hort. (Paris) 68: 202 (1896), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Musa japonica Thibaud & Keteleer; Rev. Hort. (Paris) 60: 491 (1889), sine descr.
= Musa lushanensis J.L.Liu; Acta Bot. Yunnanica 11(2): 171 (1989)
= Musa luteola J.L.Liu; Invest. Stud. Nat. 10: 41 (1990)
species :
Musa bauensis Häkkinen & Meekiong; Syst. Biodivers. 2(2): 170 (2005)
Distribution: Borneo (Sarawak)
42 BOR
species :
Musa beccarii N.W.Simmonds; Kew Bull. 14: 200 (1960)
Distribution: N-Borneo
42 BOR
variant :
var. hottana Häkkinen; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 56(2): 138 (2005)
Distribution: Borneo (Sabah)
42 BOR
species :
Musa boman Argent; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 35(1): 108 (1976)
Distribution: New Guinea (Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
species :
Musa borneensis Becc.; Nelle Foreste di Borneo, 622 (1902)
Distribution: Borneo
42 BOR
variant :
var. alutacea Häkkinen & Meekiong; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 56(3): 220 (2005)
Distribution: Borneo (Sarawak)
42 BOR
variant :
var. donggalaensis Sulisty.; Reinwardtia 16(1): 21 (2017)
Distribution: Sulawesi
42 SUL
variant :
var. flavida (M.Hotta) Häkkinen & Meekiong; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 56(3): 218 (2005)
Distribution: Borneo
42 BOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Musa flavida M.Hotta; J. Jap. Bot. 42: 348 (1967)
variant :
var. lutea Häkkinen & Meekiong; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 56(3): 222 (2005)
Distribution: Borneo (Sabah)
42 BOR
variant :
var. phoenicea Häkkinen & Meekiong; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 56(3): 223 (2005)
Distribution: Borneo (Sarawak)
42 BOR
variant :
var. sarawakensis Häkkinen & Meekiong; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 56(3): 224 (2005)
Distribution: Borneo (Sarawak)
42 BOR
species :
Musa bukensis Argent; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 35(1): 101 (1976)
Distribution: Solomon Isl. (Bougainville)
43 SOL
species :
Musa campestris Becc.; Nelle Foreste di Borneo, 622 (1902)
Distribution: Borneo
42 BOR
variant :
var. lawasensis Häkkinen; Philipp. Agric. Sci. 86(4): 428 (2003)
Distribution: Borneo (Sarawak)
42 BOR
variant :
var. limbangensis Häkkinen; Philipp. Agric. Sci. 86(4): 430 (2003)
Distribution: Borneo (Sarawak)
42 BOR
variant :
var. miriensis Häkkinen; Philipp. Agric. Sci. 86(4): 431 (2003)
Distribution: Borneo (Sarawak)
42 BOR
variant :
var. sabahensis Häkkinen; Philipp. Agric. Sci. 86(4): 431 (2003)
Distribution: Borneo (Sabah)
42 BOR
variant :
var. sarawakensis Häkkinen; Philipp. Agric. Sci. 86(4): 433 (2003)
Distribution: Borneo (Sarawak)
42 BOR
species :
Musa celebica Warb. ex K.Schum.; Engl. P. flanzenreich. Musac. 22 (1900)
Distribution: Sulawesi
42 SUL
species :
Musa cheesmanii N.W.Simmonds; Kew Bull. 11: 479 (1956 publ. 1957)
Distribution: India (Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Nagaland, West Bengal)
40 IND
species :
Musa chunii Häkkinen; J. Syst. Evol. 47(1): 87 (2009)
Distribution: China (Yunnan); India (Arunachal Pradesh)
36 CHI 40 IND
species :
Musa coccinea Andrews; Bot. Repos. 1: pl. 47 (1799)
Distribution: China (Guangdong, Guangxi, Yunnan); Laos; Vietnam; Philippines [I]; Java [I]; Palau [I] (Koror [I]); Mexico [I]; Honduras [I]; Costa Rica [I]; Colombia [I]
36 CHI 41 LAO VIE 42 jaw phi 62 plu 79 mex 80 cos hon 82 clm
species :
Musa corneri Holttum; Folia Malaysiana 13(2): 25 (2012)
Distribution: peninsular Malaysia
42 MLY
species :
Musa cylindrica A.Joe, Sreejith & M.Sabu; Phytotaxa 172(2): 137 (2014)
Distribution: India (Meghalaya)
40 IND
species :
Musa discolor Horan.; Prodr. Monogr. Scitam.: 41 (1862)
Distribution: New Caledonia
60 NWC
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Musa exotica R.V.Valmayor; Philipp. Agric. Sci. 84: 326 (2001), nom. inval., et 87(1): 117 (2004)
Distribution: Vietnam
41 VIE
species :
Musa fitzalanii F.Muell.; Fragm. 9: 188 (1875)
Distribution: +Australia (+N-Queensland)
50 AUS
Conservation Status: Known only from the type collection
species :
Musa flaviflora N.W.Simmonds; Kew Bull. 11: 471 (1956 publ. 1957)
Distribution: Bhutan; India (Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim, West Bengal)
40 BHU IND
species :
Musa gracilis Holttum ex Cheesman; Kew Bull. 5: 154 (1950)
Distribution: Thailand; peninsular Malaysia (Kelantan, Trengganu, Pahan, Melaka, Johor); Borneo
41 THA 42 BOR MLY
species :
Musa griersonii Noltie; Edinburgh J. Bot. 51(2): 171 (1994)
Distribution: Bhutan
40 BHU
Synonyms: hidden
= Musa ×paradisiaca var. dubia King ex K.Schum.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV 45: 21 (1900)
species :
Musa haekkinenii N.S.Lý & Haev.; Phytotaxa 75: 35 (2012)
Distribution: Vietnam
41 VIE
species :
Musa hirta Becc.; Nelle Foreste di Borneo, 624 (1902)
Distribution: Borneo
42 BOR
species :
Musa ingens N.W.Simmonds; Kew Bull. 14: 198 (1960)
Distribution: New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
species :
Musa insularimontana Hayata; Icon. Pl. Formosan. 3: 194 (1913)
Distribution: Taiwan (Lan Yu Isl.)
38 TAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Musa textilis var. tashiroi Hayata; Icon. Pl. Formosan. 3: 195 (1913)
species :
Musa itinerans Cheesman; Kew Bull. 4(1): 23-24 (1949)
Distribution: China (Yunnan); NE-India (Manipur, Meghalaya); Bangladesh; Myanmar (Chin, Kachin, Magway, Mandalay, Sagaing, Shan)
36 CHI 40 BAN IND 41 MYA
variant :
var. annamica (R.V.Valmayor, L.D.Danh & Häkkinen) Häkkinen; Novon 18(1): 51 (2008)
Distribution: Vietnam
41 VIE
Synonyms: hidden
= Musa itinerans subsp. annamica R.V.Valmayor, L.D.Danh & Häkkinen; Philipp. Agric. Sci. 88(2): 241 (2005)
variant :
var. chinensis Häkkinen; Novon 18(1): 51 (2008)
Distribution: China (Guangdong)
36 CHI
variant :
var. chiumei H.L.Chiu, C.T.Shii & T.Y.A.Yang; Taiwania 60(3): 133 (2015)
Distribution: Taiwan
38 TAI
variant :
var. formosana (Warb.) Häkkinen & C.L.Yeh; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 61(1): 44 (2010)
Distribution: Taiwan
38 TAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Musa formosana (Warb.) Hayata; Icon. Pl. Formosan. 6: Suppl. (Gen. Ind. Fl. Formos.) 83 (1917)
= Musa basjoo var. formosana (Warb.) S.S.Ying; Mem. Coll. Agric. Nation. Taiwan Univ. 25(2):100 (1985)
= Musa ×paradisiaca var. formosana Warb.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV 45: 21 (1900)
variant :
var. guangdongensis Häkkinen; Novon 18(1): 54 (2008)
Distribution: China (Guangdong)
36 CHI
variant :
var. hainanensis Häkkinen & X.J.Ge; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 61(1): 45 (2010)
Distribution: China (Hainan)
36 CHI
variant :
var. kavalanensis H.L.Chiu, C.T.Shii & T.Y.A.Yang; Novon 21(4): 410 (2011)
Distribution: Taiwan
38 TAI
variant :
var. lechangensis Häkkinen; Novon 18(1): 56 (2008)
Distribution: China (Guangdong)
36 CHI
variant :
var. xishuangbannaensis Häkkinen; Novon 18(1): 57 (2008)
Distribution: China (Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Musa jackeyi W.Hill; Rep. Brisb. Bot. Gard. 7 (1874)
Distribution: Australia (NE-Queensland: near Innisfail and Babinda, and in the Daintree River area)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Musa hillii F.Muell.; Fragm. 9: 169 (1875)
species :
Musa johnsii Argent; Gard. Bull. Singapore 53: 1 (2001)
Distribution: New Guinea (Irian Jaya)
42 NWG
species :
Musa juwiniana Meekiong, Ipor & Tawan; Folia Malaysiana 9(2): 110 (2008)
Distribution: Borneo (Sarawak)
42 BOR
species :
Musa kamengensis Gogoi & Häkkinen; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 64(3): 149 (2013)
Distribution: NE-India (Arunachal Pradesh)
40 IND
species :
Musa kattuvazhana Jacob; Monogr. Madras Bananas, 129 (1952)
Distribution: India (Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu)
40 IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Musa acuminata subsp. burmannica N.W.Simmonds; Kew Bull. 11: 468 (1956 publ. 1957)
= Musa acuminata var. burmannicoides De Langhe; Bull. Jard. Bot. État Bruxelles 30: 377 (1960)
= Musa banksii var. singampatti T.G.Nayar; Indian J. Hort. 9: 14 (1952)
species :
Musa lanceolata Warb. ex K.Schum.; Engl. Pflanzenreich. Musac. 19 (1900)
Distribution: Sulawesi
42 SUL
species :
Musa lawitiensis Nasution & Supard.; Bul. Kebun Raya 8(4): 128 (1998)
Distribution: Borneo (Kalimantan)
42 BOR
variant :
var. kapitensis Häkkinen; Adansonia 28(1): 61 (2006)
Distribution: Borneo (Sarawak)
42 BOR
variant :
var. sarawakensis Häkkinen; Adansonia 28(1): 62 (2006)
Distribution: Borneo (Sarawak)
42 BOR
variant :
var. suratii (Argent) Häkkinen; Adansonia 28(1): 60 (2006)
Distribution: Borneo (Sabah, Sarawak)
42 BOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Musa suratii Argent; Gard. Bull. Singapore 52(1): 203 (2000)
species :
Musa lokok Geri & Ng; Gard. Bull. Singapore 57(2): 279 (2005)
Distribution: Borneo (Sarawak)
42 BOR
species :
Musa lolodensis Cheesman; Kew Bull. 5: 27 (1950)
Distribution: Moluccas (Halmaheira); New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea)
42 MOL NWG
species :
Musa lutea R.V.Valmayor, D.D.Lê & Häkkinen; Philipp. Agric. Sci. 87: 116 (2004)
Distribution: Vietnam
41 VIE
species :
Musa maclayi F.Muell.; Proc. Linn. Soc. N. S. Wales 10: 348, in adnot., et 355 (1885)
subspecies :
subsp. maclayi
Distribution: ?Borneo; New Guinea (Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
variant :
var. erecta (N.W.Simmonds) Argent; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 35(1): 97 (1976)
Distribution: Solomon Isl.
43 SOL
Synonyms: hidden
= Musa erecta N.W.Simmonds; Kew Bull. 571 (1954)
variant :
var. namatani Argent; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 35(1): 97 (1976)
Distribution: Bismarck Arch. (New Ireland)
43 BIS
subspecies :
subsp. ailuluai Argent; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 35(1): 101 (1976)
Distribution: New Guinea (Fergusson Isl.)
42 NWG
species :
Musa mannii H.Wendl. ex Baker; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 6: 263 (1893), in obs; in Bot. Mag. (1893) t. 7311; et in Ann. Bot. 7: 222 (1893)
Distribution: India (Arunachal Pradesh, Assam)
40 IND
variant :
var. namdangensis Gogoi & Borah; Taiwania 59(2): 94 (2014)
Distribution: India (Arunachal Pradesh)
40 IND
species :
Musa markkuana (M.Sabu, A.Joe & Sreejith) Hareesh, A.Joe & M.Sabu; Phytotaxa 303(3): 283 (2017)
Distribution: India (Arunachal Pradesh)
40 IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Musa velutina subsp. markkuana M.Sabu, A.Joe & Sreejith; Phytotaxa 92: 50 (2013)
species :
Musa markkui Gogoi & Borah; Gard. Bull. Singapore 65(1): 20 (2013)
Distribution: NE-India (Arunachal Pradesh)
40 IND
species :
Musa monticola M.Hotta ex Argent; Gard. Bull. Singapore 52(1): 206 (2000)
Distribution: Borneo (Sabah)
42 BOR
species :
Musa muluensis M.Hotta; J. Jap. Bot. 42: 345 (1967)
Distribution: Borneo
42 BOR
species :
Musa nagalandiana S.Dey & Gogoi; Nordic J. Bot. 32(5): 584 (2014)
Distribution: India (Nagaland)
40 IND
species :
Musa nagensium Prain; J. Asiat. Soc. Beng. 73: 21 (1904)
Distribution: China (Yunnan); NE-India (Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland); Myanmar (Kachin); Thailand
36 CHI 40 IND 41 MYA THA
Synonyms: hidden
= Musa nagensium var. hongii Häkkinen; Novon 18: 337 (2008)
species :
Musa nanensis Swangpol & Traiperm; Syst. Bot. 40(2): 427, figs. 1-5 (2015)
Distribution: Thailand
41 THA
species :
Musa ochracea K.Sheph.; Kew Bull. 17: 461 (1964)
Distribution: India (Manipur, Mizoram, Tripura)
40 IND
species :
Musa ornata Roxb.; Hort. Beng. 19 (1814), nomen; Fl. Ind., ed. Carey & Wall. 2: 488 (1824); Fl. Ind., ed. Carey 1: 666 (1832)
Distribution: India (Andhra Pradesh, Sikkim, West Bengal); Bangladesh; Myanmar [I]; Thailand [I]; Cambodia [I]; Vietnam [I]; Java [I]; Mexico [I]; Guatemala [I]; Honduras [I]; Costa Rica [I]; Trinidad & Tobago [I]; Colombia [I]
40 BAN IND 41 cbd mya tha vie 42 jaw 79 mex 80 cos gua hon 81 trt 82 clm
Synonyms: hidden
= Musa mexicana Matuda; Madrono 10: 167 (1950)
= Musa speciosa Ten.; Index Seminum (NAP, Neapolitano) 1829: 16 (1829)
= Musa troglodytarum var. rubrifolia Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 692 (1891)
species :
Musa paracoccinea A.Z.Liu & D.Z.Li; Bot. Bull. Acad. Sin. 43: 77 (2002)
Distribution: China (S-Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Musa peekelii Lauterb.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50: 306 (1913)
subspecies :
subsp. peekelii
Distribution: Bismarck Arch. (New Ireland)
43 BIS
subspecies :
subsp. angustigemma (N.W.Simmonds) Argent; Notes. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 35(1): 106 (1976)
Distribution: New Guinea (Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
Synonyms: hidden
= Musa angustigemma N.W.Simmonds; Kew Bull. 9: 573 (1953 publ. 1954)
species :
Musa puspanjaliae Gogoi & Häkkinen; Nordic J. Bot. 31(4): 473 (2013)
Distribution: NE-India (Arunachal Pradesh)
40 IND
species :
Musa rosea Baker; Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 7: 221 (1893)
Distribution: Cambodia
41 CBD
Synonyms: hidden
= Musa angcorensis Gagnep.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 54: 412 (1907)
species :
Musa rubida Holttum; Folia Malaysiana 13(2): 26 (2012)
Distribution: peninsular Malaysia
42 MLY
species :
Musa rubinea Häkkinen & C.H.Teo; Folia Malaysiana 9(1): 24 (2008)
Distribution: China (Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Musa rubra Wall. ex Kurz; J. Agric. Hort. Soc. India 14: 301 (1876)
Distribution: China (Yunnan); India (Manipur, Mizoram); Myanmar (Bago, Mandalay, Sagaing, Shan, Kachin); Thailand
36 CHI 40 IND 41 MYA THA
Synonyms: hidden
= Musa laterita E.E.Cheeseman; Kew Bull. 3: 265 (1949)
species :
Musa ruiliensis W.N.Chen, Häkkinen & X.J.Ge; Phytotaxa 172(2): 110 (2014)
Distribution: China (Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Musa sabuana K.Prasad, A.Joe, Bheem. & B.R.P.Rao; Indian J. Forest. 36(1): 151 (2013)
Distribution: Andaman Isl.
41 AND
Synonyms: hidden
= Musa indandamanensis L.J.Singh; Taiwania 59(1): 27 (2014)
species :
Musa sakaiana Meekiong, Ipor & Tawan; Folia Malaysiana 6(3-4): 132 (2005)
Distribution: Borneo (Sarawak)
42 BOR
species :
Musa salaccensis Zoll. ex Kurz; J. Agric. Soc. India 14: 301 (1867)
Distribution: Sumatra; Java
42 JAW SUM
species :
Musa sanguinea Hook.f.; Bot. Mag. t. 5975 (1872)
Distribution: S-China; Tibet; India (Assam); Bangladesh [I]; Myanmar [I]; Thailand [I]; Vietnam [I]; Java [I]
36 CHI TIB 40 ban IND 41 mya tha vie 42 jaw
Synonyms: hidden
= Musa assamica W.Bull; Nursery Cat. (William Bull) 60: 6 (1871)
species :
Musa schizocarpa N.W.Simmonds; Kew Bull. 12: 474 (1956 publ. 1957)
Distribution: New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
species :
Musa serpentina Swangpol & Somana; Thai Forest Bull., Bot. 39: 32 (2011)
Distribution: Thailand
41 THA
species :
Musa siamensis Häkkinen & Rich.H.Wallace; Folia Malaysiana 8(2): 62 (2007)
Distribution: Thailand
41 THA
species :
Musa sikkimensis Kurz; J. Agr. Hort. Soc. Ind. N S. 5: 164 (1878)
Distribution: Bhutan; India (Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Nagaland, West Bengal); Bangladesh
40 BAN BHU IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Musa ×paradisiaca var. hookeri (King) K.Schum.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 45: 21 (1900)
= Musa ×sapientum f. hookeri King; Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 7: 214 (1893)
variant :
var. simmondsii A.Joe & M.Sabu; Webbia 71(1): 56 (2016)
Distribution: India (Manipur, Meghalaya)
40 IND
species :
Musa splendida A.Chev.; Rev. Bot. Appl. Agric. Trop. 14: 517 (1934)
Distribution: Vietnam
41 VIE
species :
Musa textilis Nees; Anal. Ci. Nat. 4: 123 (1801)
Distribution: Guinea [c]; Bioko Isl. [I]; Equatorial Guinea [I]; China [I] (Guangdong [I], Guangxi [I], Yunnan [I]); Andaman Isl. [I]; Nicobar Isl. [I]; Myanmar [I]; Vietnam [I]; Borneo; Philippines; Java [I]; Fiji [I]; Palau [I]; Northern Marianas [I] (Agrihan [I]); Guam [I]; Fed. States of Micronesia [I] (Yap [I], Truk [I], Pohnpei [I], Kosrae [I]); Guatemala [I]; Honduras [I]; Nicaragua [I]; Costa Rica [I]; Trinidad & Tobago [I]
22 gui 23 eqg 36 chi 41 and mya ncb vie 42 BOR jaw PHI 60 fij 62 gum mic mrn plu 80 cos gua hon nic 81 trt
Synonyms: hidden
= Musa abaca Perr.; Mém. Soc. Linn. Paris 3: 130 (1825), nom. subnud.
= Musa amboinensis Miq.; Fl. Ind. Bat. 3: 588 (1859)
= Musa mindanaensis Miq.; Fl. Ned. Ind. 3: 588 (1859)
= Musa textilis var. amboinensis (Miq.) Baker; Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 7: 211 (1893)
= Musa tikap Warb.; Tropenpflanzer 7: 34 (1903)
= Musa troglodytarum var. textoria Blanco; Fl. Filip.: 247 (1837)
species :
Musa thomsonii (King ex Baker) Cowan; Trees N. Bengal: 135 (1929)
Distribution: India (Sikkim, West Bengal)
40 IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Musa ×paradisiaca var. thomsonii (King ex Baker) King ex K.Schum.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV 45: 21 (1900)
= Musa ×sapientum f. thomsonii King; Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 7: 214 (1893)
species :
Musa tonkinensis R.V.Valmayor, L.D.Danh & Häkkinen; Philipp. Agric. Sci. 88(2): 240 (2005)
Distribution: Vietnam
41 VIE
species :
Musa troglodytarum L.; Sp. Pl. ed. II. 1477 (1763)
Distribution: Java [I]; Moluccas [I]; Bismarck Arch.; Solomon Isl.; New Caledonia; Santa Cruz Isl. [I]; Rotuma Isl. [I]; Fiji [I]; Cook Isl. [I] (Rarotonga [I], Mangaia [I], Aitutaki [I], Ngaputoru Group [I]); Marquesas Isl. [I] (Nuku Hiva [I], Ua Huka [I], Ua Pou [I], Hiva Oa [I], Tahuata [I], Fatu Hiva [I]); Society Isl. [I] (Tahiti [I], Moorea [I]); Palau [I] (Koror [I]); Fed. States of Micronesia [I] (Yap [I], Pohnpei [I]); Hawaii [I] (Kauai [I], Oahu [I], Molokai [I], Maui [I], Hawaii Isl. [I])
42 jaw mol 43 BIS SOL 60 fij NWC rot scz 61 coo mrq sci 62 mic plu 63 haw
Synonyms: hidden
= Musa fehi Bertero ex Vieill.; Ann. Sci. Nat. Ser. IV. 16: 45 (1861)
= Musa rectispica Nakai; Bull. Tokyo Sci. Mus. 22: 9 (1948), no Latin descr.
= Musa sapientum subsp. troglodytarum Baker
= Musa seemannii F.Muell.; Fragm. 9: 190 (1875)
= Musa troglodytarum var. acutibracteata MacDan.; Bull. Bernice P. Bishop Mus. 190: 21 (1947)
= Musa uranoscopos Colla; Mem. Gen. Musa: 59 (1820), nom. illeg.
= Musa uranoscopos Lour.; Fl. Cochinch.: 645 (1790), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Musa ×paradisiaca subsp. troglodytarum (L.) K.Schum.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV 45: 21 (1900)
= Musa ×paradisiaca var. dorsata G.Forst.; Pl. Esc.: 31 (1786)
= Musa ×sapientum subsp. troglodytarum (L.) Baker; Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 7: 214 (1893)
= Musa ×sapientum var. troglodytarum (L.) Baker; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1894: 250 (1894), nom. illeg.
species :
Musa tuberculata M.Hotta; J. Jap. Bot. 42: 347 (1967)
Distribution: Borneo
42 BOR
species :
Musa velutina H.Wendl. & Drude; Gartenfl. (1875) 65
Distribution: India (Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Sikkim, Tripura, West Bengal); Myanmar [I]; El Salvador [I]; Costa Rica [I]; Puerto Rico [c]; Colombia [I]; Bolivia [I]
40 IND 41 mya 80 cos els 81 pue 82 clm 83 bol
Synonyms: hidden
= Musa assamica G.Mann ex Baker; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 6: 263 (1892)
= Musa dasycarpa Kurz; J. Agric. Soc. India 14: 301 (1867), nom. rej. prop.
= Musa velutina var. variegata A.Joe, M.Sabu & Sreejith; Pl. Syst. Evol. 300(1): 13 (2013)
species :
Musa violascens Ridl.; Trans. Linn. Soc. Ser. II. 3: 384 (1893)
Distribution: peninsular Malaysia (Perak, Pahan, Selangor, Negeri Sembilan)
42 MLY
species :
Musa viridis R.V.Valmayor, L.D.Danh & Häkkinen; Philipp. Agric. Sci. 87(1): 115 (2004)
Distribution: Vietnam
41 VIE
species :
Musa voonii Häkkinen; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 55: 80 (2004)
Distribution: Borneo (Sarawak, Sabah)
42 BOR
species :
Musa yamiensis C.L.Yeh & J.H.Chen; Gard. Bull. Singapore 60(1): 167 (2008)
Distribution: Taiwan
38 TAI
species :
Musa yunnanensis Häkkinen & H.Wang; Novon 17(4): 441 (2007)
Distribution: China (Yunnan)
36 CHI
variant :
var. caii Häkkinen & H.Wang; Nordic J. Bot. 26(5-6): 318 (2009)
Distribution: China (Yunnan)
36 CHI
variant :
var. jingdongensis Häkkinen & H.Wang; Nordic J. Bot. 26(5-6): 322 (2009)
Distribution: China (Yunnan)
36 CHI
variant :
var. yongpingensis Häkkinen & H.Wang; Nordic J. Bot. 26(5-6): 320 (2009)
Distribution: China (Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Musa zaifui Häkkinen & H.Wang; Nordic J. Bot. 26(1-2): 43 (2008)
Distribution: China (Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Musa ×alinsanaya R.V.Valmayor; Philipp. Agric. Sci. 87: 117 (2004)
Distribution: Philippines
42 PHI
Remarks: Musa banksii x textilis
species :
Musa ×calicutensis Smisha & M.Sabu; Taiwania 62(4): 382 (2017)
Distribution: India (Kerala)
40 IND
species :
Musa ×formobisiana H.L.Chiu, C.T.Shii & T.Y.A.Yang; Taiwania 62(2): 148 (2017)
Distribution: Taiwan
38 TAI
Remarks: Musa balbisiana x itinerans var. formosana
species :
Musa ×paradisiaca L.; Sp. Pl.: 1043 (1753)
Name: Banane (DE), French plantain (EN)
Distribution: Gambia [c]; Guinea [c]; Burkina Faso [c]; Mauritius [c]; La Réunion [c]; China [c] (Fujian [c], Guangdong [c], Guangxi [c], Hainan [c], Yunnan [c]); South Korea [c]; Bonin Isl. [c] (Chichijima [c], Hahajima [c]); Volcano Isl. [c] (Kita-Iwojima [c]); India [c]; Lakshadweep Isl. [Laccadives] [c]; Maldives [c]; Bangladesh [c]; Andaman Isl. [c]; Nicobar Isl. [c]; Laos [c]; Vietnam [c]; South China Sea Isl. [c]; Philippines [c]; Java [c]; Lesser Sunda Isl. [c]; New Caledonia [c]; Santa Cruz Isl. [c]; Tonga [c]; Niue [c]; N-Line Isl. [c] (Teraina [c], Tabueran [c], Kiritimati [c]); Cook Isl. [c]; Marquesas Isl. [c]; Society Isl. [c] (Tahiti [c], Raiatea [c]); Tuamotu Arch. [c] (Makatea Isl. [c]); Palau [c] (Babeldaob [c]); Guam [c]; Fed. States of Micronesia [c] (Yap [c], Murilo [c], Nomwin [c], Pohnpei [c], Mokil [c], Pingelap [c], Kosrae [c]); Hawaii [c] (Kauai [c], Oahu [c], Molokai [c], Lanai [c], Maui [c], Hawaii Isl. [c]); USA [c] (Florida [c], Louisiana [c]); Mexico [c]; Guatemala [c]; Belize [c]; El Salvador [c]; Honduras [c]; Nicaragua [c]; Costa Rica [c]; Panama [c]; Cuba [c]; Jamaica [c]; Trinidad & Tobago [c]; Colombia [c]; Ecuador [c]; Galapagos [c]; Peru [c]; Peru [c]; Bolivia [c]
22 bkn gam gui 29 mau reu 36 chi 38 kor kzn oga 40 ban ind ldv mdv 41 and lao ncb vie 42 jaw lsi phi scs 60 nue nwc scz ton 61 coo lin mrq sci tua 62 gum mic plu 63 haw 78 usa 79 mex 80 blz cos els gua hon nic pan 81 cub jam trt 82 clm 83 bol ecu gal per
Remarks: Musa acuminata x balbisiana
Synonyms: hidden
= Karkandela ×malabarica Raf.; Sylva Tellur.: 106 (1838)
= Musa balbisiana var. vittata (G.W.Ackermann ex Rodigas) M.R.Almeida; Fl. Maharashtra 5A: 115 (2009)
= Musa ×acutibracteata M.Hotta; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 21: 4 (1964)
= Musa ×alphurica Miq.; Fl. Ned. Ind. 3: 589 (1859), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Musa ×aphurica Rumph. ex Sagot; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 34: 329 (1887)
= Musa ×arakanensis F.W.Ripley ex Blechynden; J. Agric. Soc. India 5: 53 (1856), nom. nud.
= Musa ×bacoba Rottb.; Descr. Rar. Pl. Surin.: 28 (1776)
= Musa ×berteroi Colla; Mem. Gen. Musa: 57 (1820)
= Musa ×bidigitalis De Wild.; Miss. de Briey Mayumbe: 329 (1920)
= Musa ×carolinae Sterler; Hort. Nymphenb., ed. 2: 109 (1821), nom. nud.
= Musa ×champa Baker; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 6: 262 (1892)
= Musa ×chapara Perr.; Mém. Soc. Linn. Paris 3: 131 (1825)
= Musa ×chiliocarpa Backer ex K.Heyne; Nutt. Pl. Ned. Ind. ed. 2, 510 (1922)
= Musa ×consociata Nakai; Bull. Tokyo Sci. Mus. 22: 16 (1948)
= Musa ×corbieri A.Chev.; Rev. Bot. Appl. Agric. Trop. 14: 519 (1934)
= Musa ×corniculata Lour.; Fl. Cochinch.: 644 (1790)
= Musa ×dacca Horan.; Prodr. Monogr. Scitam.: 41 (1862)
= Musa ×decrescens De Briey ex De Wild.; Miss. de Briey Mayumbe: 178 (1920)
= Musa ×decrescens var. pembuki De Briey ex De Wild.; Miss. de Briey Mayumbe: 319 (1920)
= Musa ×decrescens var. rubromaculata De Briey ex De Wild.; Miss. de Briey Mayumbe: 325 (1920)
= Musa ×decrescens var. viridis De Briey ex De Wild.; Miss. de Briey Mayumbe: 324 (1920)
= Musa ×discolor Planch.; Hort. Donat.: 83 (1858)
= Musa ×dulcissima Nakai; Bull. Tokyo Sci. Mus. 22: 13 (1948), no Latin descr.
= Musa ×emasculata De Briey ex De Wild.; Miss. de Briey Mayumbe: 306 (1920)
= Musa ×emasculata var. kiala De Briey ex De Wild.; Miss. de Briey Mayumbe: 309 (1920)
= Musa ×emasculata var. kimbende De Briey ex De Wild.; Miss. de Briey Mayumbe: 311 (1920)
= Musa ×emasculata var. lomba De Briey ex De Wild.; Miss. de Briey Mayumbe: 306 (1920)
= Musa ×emasculata var. zengani De Briey ex De Wild.; Miss. de Briey Mayumbe: 314 (1920)
= Musa ×humilis Perr.; Mém. Soc. Linn. Paris 3: 131 (1825), nom. illeg.
= Musa ×ingrata Nakai; Bull. Tokyo Sci. Mus. 22: 12 (1948), no Latin descr.
= Musa ×jaheri Nakai; Bull. Tokyo Sci. Mus. 22: 18 (1948), no Latin descr.
= Musa ×maculata Jacq.; Pl. Hort. Schoenbr. 4: 23 (1804)
= Musa ×megalocarpa Nakai; Bull. Tokyo Sci. Mus. 22: 11 (1948), no Latin descr.
= Musa ×mensaria Moench; Methodus: 647 (1794), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Musa ×mirabilis Nakai; Bull. Tokyo Sci. Mus. 22: 11 (1948), no Latin descr.
= Musa ×nigra Perr.; Mém. Soc. Linn. Paris 3: 131 (1825)
= Musa ×odorata Lour.; Fl. Cochinch.: 644 (1790)
= Musa ×oleracea Vieill.; Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 4, 16: 46 (1862), sine descr.
= Musa ×pallida Nakai; Bull. Tokyo Sci. Mus. 22: 8 (1948), no Latin descr.
= Musa ×paradisiaca f. dongila De Briey ex De Wild.; Miss. de Briey Mayumbe: 350 (1920)
= Musa ×paradisiaca f. funu-nua De Briey ex De Wild.; Miss. de Briey Mayumbe: 345 (1920)
= Musa ×paradisiaca f. kilola De Briey ex De Wild.; Miss. de Briey Mayumbe: 347 (1920)
= Musa ×paradisiaca f. seluka De Briey ex De Wild.; Miss. de Briey Mayumbe: 342 (1920)
= Musa ×paradisiaca f. tuba De Briey ex De Wild.; Miss. de Briey Mayumbe: 352 (1920)
= Musa ×paradisiaca subsp. normalis Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 692 (1891), nom. inval.
= Musa ×paradisiaca subsp. sapientum (L.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 692 (1891)
= Musa ×paradisiaca var. acicularis G.Forst.; Pl. Esc.: 30 (1786)
= Musa ×paradisiaca var. bende De Briey ex De Wild.; Miss. de Briey Mayumbe: 334 (1920)
= Musa ×paradisiaca var. bilul De Briey ex De Wild.; Miss. de Briey Mayumbe: 340 (1920)
= Musa ×paradisiaca var. champa (Baker) K.Schum.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 45: 20 (1900)
= Musa ×paradisiaca var. cinerea Blanco; Fl. Filip.: 250 (1837)
= Musa ×paradisiaca var. coarctata G.Forst.; Pl. Esc.: 32 (1786)
= Musa ×paradisiaca var. compressa Blanco; Fl. Filip.: 240 (1837)
= Musa ×paradisiaca var. coriacea G.Forst.; Pl. Esc.: 30 (1786)
= Musa ×paradisiaca var. corniculata G.Forst.; Pl. Esc.: 29 (1786)
= Musa ×paradisiaca var. dacca (Horan.) K.Schum.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 45: 20 (1900)
= Musa ×paradisiaca var. exsicca G.Forst.; Pl. Esc.: 29 (1786)
= Musa ×paradisiaca var. fatua G.Forst.; Pl. Esc.: 32 (1786)
= Musa ×paradisiaca var. glaberrima Blanco; Fl. Filip.: 245 (1837)
= Musa ×paradisiaca var. glauca Blanco; Fl. Filip.: 250 (1837)
= Musa ×paradisiaca var. kitebbe De Briey ex De Wild.; Miss. de Briey Mayumbe: 337 (1920)
= Musa ×paradisiaca var. lacatan Blanco; Fl. Filip.: 243 (1837)
= Musa ×paradisiaca var. longa Blanco; Fl. Filip.: 245 (1837)
= Musa ×paradisiaca var. lunaris G.Forst.; Pl. Esc.: 32 (1786)
= Musa ×paradisiaca var. magna Blanco; Fl. Filip.: 244 (1837)
= Musa ×paradisiaca var. martabarica (Baker) K.Schum.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 45: 20 (1900)
= Musa ×paradisiaca var. maxima Blanco; Fl. Filip.: 245 (1837)
= Musa ×paradisiaca var. mensaria (Baker) K.Schum.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 45: 20 (1900)
= Musa ×paradisiaca var. mensaria G.Forst.; Pl. Esc.: 30 (1786)
= Musa ×paradisiaca var. odorata (Lour.) K.Schum.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 45: 20 (1900)
= Musa ×paradisiaca var. oleracea (Vieill.) K.Schum.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 45: 20 (1900)
= Musa ×paradisiaca var. papillosa G.Forst.; Pl. Esc.: 32 (1786)
= Musa ×paradisiaca var. punctata G.Forst.; Pl. Esc.: 31 (1786)
= Musa ×paradisiaca var. purpurascens G.Forst.; Pl. Esc.: 31 (1786)
= Musa ×paradisiaca var. regia G.Forst.; Pl. Esc.: 31 (1786)
= Musa ×paradisiaca var. rubra (Firminger ex Baker) K.Schum.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 45: 20 (1900)
= Musa ×paradisiaca var. sanguinea (Welw. ex Baker) K.Schum.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 45: 21 (1900)
= Musa ×paradisiaca var. suaveolens Blanco; Fl. Filip.: 244 (1837)
= Musa ×paradisiaca var. subrubea Blanco; Fl. Filip.: 245 (1837)
= Musa ×paradisiaca var. ternatensis Blanco; Fl. Filip.: 243 (1837)
= Musa ×paradisiaca var. tetragona G.Forst.; Pl. Esc.: 30 (1786)
= Musa ×paradisiaca var. tombak Blanco; Fl. Filip.: 246 (1837)
= Musa ×paradisiaca var. ulnaris Blanco; Fl. Filip.: 246 (1837)
= Musa ×paradisiaca var. violacea (Baker) K.Schum.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 45: 21 (1900), nom. illeg.
= Musa ×paradisiaca var. violacea Blanco; Fl. Filip.: 245 (1837)
= Musa ×paradisiaca var. viridis De Briey ex De Wild.; Miss. de Briey Mayumbe: 324 (1920)
= Musa ×paradisiaca var. vittata (G.W.Ackermann ex Rodigas) K.Schum.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 45: 21 (1900)
= Musa ×polycarpa Nakai; Bull. Tokyo Sci. Mus. 22: 13 (1948), no Latin descr.
= Musa ×prematura Nakai; Bull. Tokyo Sci. Mus. 22: 16 (1948), no Latin descr.
= Musa ×protractorachis De Wild.; Miss. de Briey Mayumbe: 316 (1920)
= Musa ×purpureotomentosa De Wild.; Miss. de Briey Mayumbe: 326 (1920)
= Musa ×sapidisiaca K.C.Jacob; Monogr. Madras Bananas: 11 (1952), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Musa ×sapientum f. dubia King; Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 7: 214 (1893)
= Musa ×sapientum L.; Syst. Nat. ed. 10. 2: 1303 (1759)
= Musa ×sapientum subsp. paradisiaca (L.) Baker; Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 7: 213 (1893), nom. illeg.
= Musa ×sapientum var. americana N.G.Teodoro; Philipp. J. Sci., C 10: 398 (1915)
= Musa ×sapientum var. angao Quisumb.; Philipp. Agric. Rev. 12(3): 58 (1919)
= Musa ×sapientum var. baca Quisumb.; Philipp. Agric. Rev. 12(3): 51 (1919)
= Musa ×sapientum var. binutig N.G.Teodoro; Philipp. J. Sci., C 10: 401 (1915)
= Musa ×sapientum var. canara N.G.Teodoro; Philipp. J. Sci., C 10: 406 (1915)
= Musa ×sapientum var. canaya Quisumb.; Philipp. Agric. Rev. 12(3): 44 (1919)
= Musa ×sapientum var. champa (Baker) Baker; Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 7: 213 (1893)
= Musa ×sapientum var. cinerea (Blanco) N.G.Teodoro; Philipp. J. Sci., C 10: 397 (1915)
= Musa ×sapientum var. compressa (Blanco) N.G.Teodoro; Philipp. J. Sci., C 10: 408 (1915)
= Musa ×sapientum var. cubensis N.G.Teodoro; Philipp. J. Sci., C 10: 397 (1915)
= Musa ×sapientum var. dacca (Horan.) Baker; Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 7: 213 (1893)
= Musa ×sapientum var. daryao N.G.Teodoro; Philipp. J. Sci., C 10: 403 (1915)
= Musa ×sapientum var. dinalaga Quisumb.; Philipp. Agric. Rev. 12(3): 55 (1919)
= Musa ×sapientum var. dool Quisumb.; Philipp. Agric. Rev. 12(3): 35 (1919)
= Musa ×sapientum var. dubia (King) A.M.Cowan & Cowan; Trees N. Bengal: 135 (1929)
= Musa ×sapientum var. eda Quisumb.; Philipp. Agric. Rev. 12(3): 37 (1919)
= Musa ×sapientum var. fieleto De Briey ex De Wild.; Miss. de Briey Mayumbe: 363 (1920)
= Musa ×sapientum var. flabellata Quisumb.; Philipp. Agric. Rev. 12(3): 66 (1919)
= Musa ×sapientum var. galatayan Quisumb.; Philipp. Agric. Rev. 12(3): 40 (1919)
= Musa ×sapientum var. garangao N.G.Teodoro; Philipp. J. Sci., C 10: 401 (1915)
= Musa ×sapientum var. glaberrima (Blanco) N.G.Teodoro; Philipp. J. Sci., C 10: 399 (1915)
= Musa ×sapientum var. glauca (Blanco) N.G.Teodoro; Philipp. J. Sci., C 10: 402 (1915)
= Musa ×sapientum var. grandis N.G.Teodoro; Philipp. J. Sci., C 10: 410 (1915)
= Musa ×sapientum var. humilis Merr.; Enum. Philipp. Fl. Pl. 1(2): 224 (1922)
= Musa ×sapientum var. inarnibal N.G.Teodoro; Philipp. J. Sci., C 10: 406 (1915)
= Musa ×sapientum var. kinamay Quisumb.; Philipp. Agric. Rev. 12(3): 57 (1919)
= Musa ×sapientum var. lacatan (Blanco) N.G.Teodoro; Philipp. J. Sci., C 10: 405 (1915)
= Musa ×sapientum var. longa (Blanco) N.G.Teodoro; Philipp. J. Sci., C 10: 407 (1915)
= Musa ×sapientum var. martabarica Baker; Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 7: 213 (1893)
= Musa ×sapientum var. mensaria Baker; Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 7: 212 (1893)
= Musa ×sapientum var. odorata (Lour.) Baker; Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 7: 212 (1893)
= Musa ×sapientum var. oleracea Baker; Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 7: 212 (1893)
= Musa ×sapientum var. padilat Quisumb.; Philipp. Agric. Rev. 12(3): 63 (1919)
= Musa ×sapientum var. pamotion Quisumb.; Philipp. Agric. Rev. 12(3): 49 (1919)
= Musa ×sapientum var. paradisiaca (L.) Baker; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1894: 250 (1894), nom. illeg.
= Musa ×sapientum var. pelipia Quisumb.; Philipp. Agric. Rev. 12(3): 42 (1919)
= Musa ×sapientum var. principe Quisumb.; Philipp. Agric. Rev. 12(3): 50 (1919)
= Musa ×sapientum var. putian Quisumb.; Philipp. Agric. Rev. 12(3): 36 (1919)
= Musa ×sapientum var. raines Quisumb.; Philipp. Agric. Rev. 12(3): 55 (1919)
= Musa ×sapientum var. regia (G.Forst.) Baker; Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 7: 212 (1893)
= Musa ×sapientum var. rubra Firminger ex Baker; Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 7: 213 (1893)
= Musa ×sapientum var. sanguinea Welw. ex Baker; Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 7: 212 (1893)
= Musa ×sapientum var. sarocsoc Quisumb.; Philipp. Agric. Rev. 12(3): 39 (1919)
= Musa ×sapientum var. satama De Briey ex De Wild.; Miss. de Briey Mayumbe: 360 (1920)
= Musa ×sapientum var. sision Quisumb.; Philipp. Agric. Rev. 12(3): 35 (1919)
= Musa ×sapientum var. suaveolens (Blanco) N.G.Teodoro; Philipp. J. Sci., C 10: 400 (1915)
= Musa ×sapientum var. ternatensis (Blanco) N.G.Teodoro; Philipp. J. Sci., C 10: 404 (1915)
= Musa ×sapientum var. tombak (Blanco) N.G.Teodoro; Philipp. J. Sci., C 10: 407 (1915)
= Musa ×sapientum var. tudlong N.G.Teodoro; Philipp. J. Sci., C 10: 402 (1915)
= Musa ×sapientum var. tuldoc N.G.Teodoro; Philipp. J. Sci., C 10: 407 (1915)
= Musa ×sapientum var. violacea (Blanco) N.G.Teodoro; Philipp. J. Sci., C 10: 398 (1915), nom. illeg.
= Musa ×sapientum var. violacea Baker; Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 7: 212 (1893)
= Musa ×sapientum var. vittata (G.W.Ackermann ex Rodigas) Hook.f.; Bot. Mag. 89: t. 5402 (1863)
= Musa ×trichocarpa Nakai; Bull. Tokyo Sci. Mus. 22: 13 (1948), no Latin descr.
= Musa ×vittata G.W.Ackermann ex Rodigas; J. Gén. Hort. 15: 25 (1862)
species :
Musa ×parahaekkinenii Smisha & M.Sabu; Bangladesh J. Pl. Taxon. 25(2): 168 (2018)
Distribution: India (Kerala)
40 IND
species :
Musa ×putei-gentu Meekiong & Anis Sabrina; Malayan Nat. J. 73(2): 273. 2021 Malayan Nat. J. 73(2): 273 (2021)
Distribution: Borneo (Sarawak)
42 BOR
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A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 19.4 (June 30th, 2024)

Covering 355,230 accepted species,
8,675 hybrids, 47,796 accepted infraspecific taxa and 997,888 synonyms,
in total 1,409,589* names

[*about 25,000 dubious, "unplaced" names and about 4,000 invalid names (Art. 24.3) like "typicus" are deliberately omitted]


With complete, detailed distribution data (countries and regions) and literature references

Arranged in linear phylogenetic sequence reflecting true relationships

Fully searchable and continously updated

With 38,209 pictures of 15,787 species

Assembled through 40 years independently from other databases

In cooperation with Catalogue of Life