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Ver. 18.4
Feb. 11th, 2024

462.0000 Family Scrophulariaceae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 117 (1789), nom. cons., s. str.
62 genera, ca. 2000 spp.
Species listed in database: 2036; hybrids: 256
= Bontiaceae Horan.; Prim. Lin. Syst. Nat.: 77 (1834)
= Buddlejaceae K.Wilh.; Samenpflanzen: 90 (1910), nom. cons.
= Caprariaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 102 (1820)
= Hebenstretiaceae Horan.; Prim. Lin. Syst. Nat.: 76 (1834)
= Hemimeridaceae Doweld; Tent. Syst. Pl. Vasc.: xlix (2001)
= Limosellaceae J.Agardh; Theoria Syst. Pl.: 340 (1858)
= Myoporaceae R.Br.; Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland. 514 (1810), nom. cons.
= Oftiaceae Takht. & Reveal; Phytologia 74: 284 (1993)
= Polypremaceae Takht. ex Reveal; Kew Bull. 66: 47 (2011)
= Selaginaceae Choisy; Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève (Mém. Sélag.: 19) 2: 89 (1823), nom. cons.
= Verbascaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 243 (1820)
462.3305 Genus Myoporum Banks & Sol. ex G.Forst.; Prod. 44 (1786)
Distribution: mostly Pacific and Australia, 1 each in S-China, Papuasia and Mascarenes
Species listed in database: 36
= Ackermannia Tratt.; Freye Auswahl Pflanzenabbild.: no. 286 (1816)
= Andreusia Vent.; Jard. Malm. 108. t. 108 (1804)
= Bertolonia Spinola; Cat. Jard. St. Sebast.: 24 (1809), nom. illeg.
= Disoon A.DC.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 11: 703 (1847)
= Pentacoelium Siebold & Zucc.; Abh. Math.-Phys. Cl. Königl. Bayer. Akad. Wiss. 4(3): 151 (1846)
= Pogonia Andrews; Bot. Rep. t. 212 (1801)
= Polycoelium A.DC.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 11: 705 (1847)
species :
Myoporum acuminatum R.Br.; Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland. 515 (1810)
Distribution: Australia (Western Australia, Northern Territory, South Australia, Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria); USA [I] (California [I])
50 AUS 76 usa
Remarks: often included in M. tenuifolium
Synonyms: hidden
= Myoporum pictum Mouill.; Traité Arbr. Arbriss. 2: 942 (1896)
= Myoporum tenuifolium var. acuminatum (R.Br.) Maiden & Betche; Census N.S.W. Pl.: 185 (1916)
species :
Myoporum bateae F.Muell.; Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales 6: 792 (1881)
Distribution: Australia (New South Wales)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Myoporum floribundum var. bateae (F.Muell.) Maiden & Betche; Census N.S.W. Pl.: 184 (1916)
species :
Myoporum betcheanum L.S.Sm.; Contrib. Queensland Herb., No. 6, 8 (1969)
Distribution: Australia (Queensland, New South Wales)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Myoporum betcheanum var. pubescens L.S.Sm.; Contr. Queensland Herb. 6: 9 (1969)
species :
Myoporum boninense Koidz.; Bot. Mag., Tokyo 32: 53 (1918)
subspecies :
subsp. boninense
Distribution: Bonin Isl. (Chichijima, Keetaajima, Nakohdojima, Minamijima, Otohtojima); Northern Marianas (Pagan, Saipan, Tinian, Rota); Guam
38 OGA 62 GUM MRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Myoporum latronum Tuyama ex Hosok.; syn.
subspecies :
subsp. australe Chinnock; J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 15(1): 75 (1992)
Distribution: Australia (New South Wales)
50 AUS
species :
Myoporum bontioides (Siebold & Zucc.) A.Gray; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 6: 52 (1862)
Distribution: China (Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Zhejiang); Ryukyu Isl.; Taiwan; Vietnam; South China Sea Isl.
36 CHI 38 NNS TAI 41 VIE 42 SCS
Synonyms: hidden
= Bontia bontioides (A.Gray) Aver.; Aver., N. T. Ban & E. P. Kudryavtseva, Mater. Fl. Rast. Ostrov. V´etnama: 73 (1988)
= Myoporum chinense (A.DC.) A.Gray; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 6: 52 (1862)
= Pentacoelium bontioides Siebold & Zucc.; Abh. Math.-Phys. Cl. Königl. Bayer. Akad. Wiss. 4(3): 151 (1846)
= Polycoelium bontioides (Siebold & Zucc.) A.DC.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 11: 705 (1847)
= Polycoelium chinense A.DC.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 11: 706 (1847)
species :
Myoporum brevipes Benth.; Fl. Austral. 5: 6 (1870)
Distribution: Australia (South Australia, Western Australia, Victoria)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Myoporum refractum Maiden & Betche; Trans. & Proc. Rep. Roy. Soc. South Australia 22: 76 (1898)
species :
Myoporum caprarioides Benth.; Enum. Pl. Hueg. 77 (1837)
Distribution: Australia (Western Australia)
50 AUS
species :
Myoporum cordifolium (F.Muell.) Druce; Rep. Bot. Exch. Cl. Brit. Isles, 637 (1916 publ. 1917)
Distribution: Australia (Western Australia)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Disoon cordifolius F.Muell.; Fragm. 1: 126 (1859)
= Myoporum salsoloides Turcz.; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 36: II. 226 (1863)
species :
Myoporum crassifolium G.Forst.; Fl. Ins. Austr.: 44 (1786)
Distribution: New Caledonia; Vanuatu
60 NWC VAN
Synonyms: hidden
= Myoporum lequerrei Viaud ex Guillaumin & Beauvis.; Ann. Soc. Bot. Lyon 38: 105 (1914)
species :
Myoporum cuneifolium Kraenzl.; Ann. Nat. Hofmus. Wien 24: 193 (1910)
Distribution: New Caledonia
60 NWC
species :
Myoporum floribundum A.Cunn. ex Benth.; Enum. Pl. Hueg. 78 (1837)
Distribution: Australia (New South Wales, Victoria)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Disoon floribundus (A.Cunn. ex Benth.) A.DC.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 11: 703 (1847)
species :
Myoporum insulare R.Br.; Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland. 516 (1810)
Distribution: Portugal [I]; Spain [I]; Morocco [I]; Australia (Western Australia, South Australia, Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria); Lord Howe Isl.; New Zealand [I]; New Caledonia
12 por spa 20 mor 50 AUS LHI 51 nzl 60 NWC
Synonyms: hidden
= Myoporum adscendens R.Br.; Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland. 516 (1810)
= Myoporum apiculatum A.DC.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 11: 707 (1847)
= Myoporum glandulosum A.DC.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 11: 709 (1847), nom. illeg.
= Myoporum gracile Bartl.; Lehm., Pl. Preiss. 1: 350 (1845)
= Myoporum mucronulatum A.DC.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 11: 706 (1847)
= Myoporum serratum R.Br.; Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland. 516 (1810)
= Myoporum serratum var. apiculatum (A.DC.) Benth.; Fl. Austral. 5: 5 (1870)
= Myoporum serratum var. gracile (Bartl.) Benth.; Fl. Austral. 5: 5 (1870)
= Myoporum serratum var. obovatum Benth.; Fl. Austral. 5: 5 (1870)
= Myoporum serratum var. parviflorum Benth.; Fl. Austral. 5: 5 (1870)
= Myoporum serratum var. pubescens Benth.; Fl. Austral. 5: 5 (1870)
= Myoporum serratum var. subserratum (Nees) A.DC.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 11: 709 (1847)
= Myoporum serratum var. tuberculatum (R.Br.) Benth.; Fl. Austral. 5: 5 (1870)
= Myoporum subserratum Nees; Lehm. Pl. Preiss. 1: 350 (1845)
= Myoporum tasmanicum A.DC.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 11: 709 (1847)
= Myoporum tuberculatum R.Br.; Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland. 516 (1810)
species :
Myoporum laetum G.Forst.; Fl. Ins. Austr.: 44 (1786)
Name: Ngaio tree (EN); Freudige Drüsenpflanze (DE); Brillante (ES)
Distribution: Portugal [I]; Spain [I]; Gibraltar [I]; Morocco [I]; Canary Isl. [I] (Lanzarote [I], Gran Canaria [I], Tenerife [I], Hierro [I]); New Zealand (coastal, North Cape to Dunedin); Kermadec Isl.; Chatham Isl.; USA [I] (California [I]); Bolivia [I]; Uruguay [I]; Argentina [I]; Chile [I] (Coquimbo [I], Valparaíso [I], Maule [I])
12 gib por spa 20 mor 21 cny 51 CTM KER NZL 76 usa 83 bol 85 arg cle uru
Synonyms: hidden
= Myoporum crystallinum Kunze; Linnaea 20: 31 (1847)
= Myoporum perforatum Voss; Vilm. Blumengärtn. ed. 3. 1: 822 (1894), pro syn.
= Myoporum pubescens G.Forst.; Fl. Ins. Austr.: 44 (1786)
variant :
var. decumbens G.Simpson; (1952)
Distribution: New Zealand
51 NZL
species :
Myoporum mauritianum A.DC.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 11: 711 (1847)
Distribution: Mauritius; Rodrigues
29 MAU ROD
species :
Myoporum montanum R.Br.; Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland.: 515 (1810)
Distribution: Australia (Western Australia, Northern Territory, South Australia, Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Myoporum acuminatum f. angustifolium (Benth.) Voss; Vilm. Blumengärtn. ed. 3. 1: 821 (1894)
= Myoporum acuminatum f. ellipticum (Benth.) Voss; Vilm. Blumengärtn. ed. 3. 1: 821 (1894)
= Myoporum acuminatum f. parviflorum (Benth.) Voss; Vilm. Blumengärtn. ed. 3. 1: 821 (1894)
= Myoporum acuminatum var. angustifolium Benth.; Fl. Austral. 5: 4 (1870)
= Myoporum acuminatum var. ellipticum Benth.; Fl. Austral. 5: 3 (1870)
= Myoporum acuminatum var. parviflorum Benth.; Fl. Austral. 5: 4 (1870)
= Myoporum cunninghamii Benth.; Endl. et al., Enum. Pl. Hügel: 78 (1837)
= Myoporum cyanantherum A.Cunn. ex A.DC.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 11: 708 (1847)
= Myoporum dampieri A.Cunn. ex A.DC.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 11: 708 (1847)
= Myoporum ellipticum R.Br.; Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland.: 515 (1810), nom. superfl.
= Myoporum glabrum (Andrews) Dryand.; Ann. Bot. (König & Sims) 2: 525 (1806), comb. not made
= Myoporum glabrum F.Muell.; Syst. Census Austral. Pl., Suppl. 3: 6 (1886)
= Myoporum punctulatum Schltdl.; Linnaea 20: 613 (1847)
= Myoporum tenuifolium var. ellipticum (Benth.) Maiden & Betche; Census N.S.W. Pl.: 185 (1916)
= Myoporum tenuifolium var. glabrum (Andrews) Domin; Biblioth. Bot. 22(89): 1163 (1929), nom. superfl.
= Myoporum tenuifolium var. montanum (R.Br.) Domin; Biblioth. Bot. 22(89): 1164 (1929)
= Myoporum tenuifolium var. parviflorum (Benth.) Domin; Biblioth. Bot. 22(89): 1164 (1929)
= Pogonia glabra Andrews; Bot. Repos. 4: t. 283 (1803)
species :
Myoporum niueanum H.St.John; Bot. Mag. Tokyo, 89(1015): 238 (1976)
Distribution: Niue
60 NUE
species :
Myoporum obscurum Endl.; Prod. Fl. Norf. 54 (1833)
Distribution: Norfolk Isl. (incl. Philip Isl.); Kermadec Isl.; New Caledonia
50 NFK 51 KER 60 NWC
species :
Myoporum oppositifolium R.Br.; Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland. 516 (1810)
Distribution: Australia (Western Australia)
50 AUS
species :
Myoporum papuanum Kraenzl.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 22: 338 (1926)
Distribution: Moluccas (Tanimbar); New Guinea (Papua New Guinea)
42 MOL NWG
species :
Myoporum parvifolium R.Br.; Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland. 516 (1810)
Distribution: Australia (South Australia, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania); USA [I] (California [I])
50 AUS 76 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Myoporum humile R.Br.; Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland. 516 (1810)
= Myoporum verrucosum (Desv.) Poir.; Lam., Encycl., Suppl. 4: 42 (1816)
= Pogonia aspera A.DC.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 11: 710 (1847)
= Pogonia scabra A.DC.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 11: 710 (1847)
= Pogonia tuberculata A.DC.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 11: 710 (1847)
= Pogonia verrucosa Desv.; J. Bot. Agric. 4: 141 (1814)
species :
Myoporum petiolatum Chinnock; Eremophila: 123 (2007)
Distribution: Australia (South Australia, Victoria)
50 AUS
species :
Myoporum platycarpum R.Br.; Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland. 516 (1810)
subspecies :
subsp. platycarpum
Distribution: Australia (Western Australia, South Australia, Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Disoon platycarpus (R.Br.) F.Muell.; Fragm. Phytogr. Australia, 6. 150 (1868)
subspecies :
subsp. perbellum Chinnock; J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 15(1): 77 (1992)
Distribution: Australia (South Australia)
50 AUS
species :
Myoporum rapense F.Br.; Bull. Bernice P. Bishop Mus. 130, 278 (1935)
subspecies :
subsp. rapense
Distribution: Austral Isl. (Rapa Iti)
61 AUI
variant :
var. skottsbergii G.L.Webster; Pacific Sci. 5: 76 (1951)
Distribution: Austral Isl. (Tubuai)
61 AUI
subspecies :
subsp. kermadecense (Sykes) Chinnock; Eremophila: 138 (2007)
Distribution: Kermadec Isl.
51 KER
Synonyms: hidden
= Myoporum kermadecense Sykes; New Zealand J. Bot. 25(4): 595 (1987 publ. 1988)
species :
Myoporum rimatarense F.Br.; Bull. Bernice P. Bishop Mus. 130, 280 (1935)
Distribution: Austral Isl. (Rimatara)
61 AUI
species :
Myoporum rotundatum S.Moore; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 45: 375 (1921)
Distribution: New Caledonia
60 NWC
species :
Myoporum sandwicense (A.DC.) A.Gray; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 6: 52 (1862)
Distribution: Hawaii (Niihau, Kauai, Oahu, Molokai, Lanai, Maui, Hawaii Isl.)
63 HAW
Synonyms: hidden
= Myoporum degeneri (G.L.Webster) O.Deg. & I.Deg.; Pl. Hawaii Natl. Parks 433 (1983)
= Myoporum fauriei H.Lév.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 11: 63 (1912)
= Myoporum lanaiense (Webster) O.Deg. & I.Deg.
= Myoporum sandwicense subsp. lanaiense (G.L.Webster) Chinnock; Eremophila: 144 (2007)
= Myoporum sandwicense subsp. st-johnii G.L.Webster; Pacific Sci. 5: 69 (1951)
= Myoporum sandwicense var. degeneri G.L.Webster; Pacific Sci. 5: 69 (1951)
= Myoporum sandwicense var. fauriei (H.Lév.) Kraenzl.
= Myoporum sandwicense var. lanaiense G.L.Webster; Pacific Sci. 5: 69 (1951)
= Myoporum st-johnii (G.L.Webster) O.Deg. & Greenwell; O. Deg., Fl. Hawaiiensis 329: s.p. (1956)
= Polycoelium sandwicense A.DC.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 11: 706 (1847) nom. illeg.
species :
Myoporum semotum Heenan & de Lange; New Zealand J. Bot. 49(1): 22 (2011)
Distribution: Chatham Isl.
51 CTM
species :
Myoporum stellatum (G.L.Webster) O.Deg. & I.Deg.; Pl. Hawaii Natl. Parks ed. 3: 434 (1983)
Distribution: Hawaii (Oahu)
63 HAW
Conservation Status: 1999 Conservation Status: Endangered
Synonyms: hidden
= Myoporum sandwicense var. stellatum G.L.Webster; Pacific Sci. 5: 68 (1951)
species :
Myoporum stokesii F.Br.; Bull. Bernice P. Bishop Mus. 130, 277 (1935)
Distribution: Austral Isl. (Raivavae)
61 AUI
species :
Myoporum tenuifolium G.Forst.; Fl. Ins. Australia: 44 (1786)
Distribution: Baleares [I]; Sardinia [I]; Italy [I]; Sicily [I]; Malta [I]; Morocco [I]; Algeria [I]; Tunisia [I]; Madeira [I] (Madeira Isl. [I], Porto Santo Isl. [I]); Canary Isl. [I] (Gran Canaria [I]); Ethiopia [I]; Namibia [I]; South Africa [I] (Cape Prov. [I]); New Caledonia
12 bal sar 13 ita mlt sic 20 alg mor tun 21 cny mdr 24 eth 27 nam saf 60 NWC
Remarks: the records for introductions are most probably wrong and belong to other (Australian) species of the group (like M. montanum or similar). Those species were previously included in M. tenuifolium s. l.
Synonyms: hidden
= Andreusia glabra Vent.; Jard. Malmaison: t. 108 (1805)
= Myoporum cuspidatum Turcz.; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 36(II): 226 (1863)
= Pogonia integerrima Lag.; Gen. Sp. Pl.: 10 (1816)
= Citharexylum perforatum G.Forst.; Fl. Ins. Austr. 44 (1786)
= Citharexylum tenuifolium G.Forst.; Fl. Ins. Austr. 44 (1786)
species :
Myoporum tetrandrum (Labill.) Domin; Vestn. Kräl. Ceske Spolecn. Nauk, Tr. Mat.-Prir. 1921-1922(2): 109 (1923)
Distribution: Australia (Western Australia)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Pogonia tetrandra Labill.; Nov. Holl. PI. 1: 59 (1805)
= Ackermannia florida [Freye Auswahl Pflanzenabbild.: t.Ackermannia florida (1816)]
= Akkermannia florida Tratt.; Freye Auswahl Pflanzenabbild.: no. 286 (1816)
species :
Myoporum tubiflorum Kraenzl.; Ann. Nat. Hofmus. Wien 24: 193 (1910)
Distribution: New Caledonia
60 NWC
species :
Myoporum turbinatum Chinnock; Nuytsia 5(3): 398 (1986)
Distribution: Australia (Western Australia)
50 AUS
species :
Myoporum velutinum Chinnock; Eremophila: 127 (2007)
Distribution: Australia (Western Australia)
50 AUS
species :
Myoporum viscosum R.Br.; Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland. 516 (1810)
Distribution: Australia (South Australia, Victoria)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Bertolonia glandulosa Spin; Cat. Jard. St. Sebast. 24 (1809)
= Myoporum glandulosum (Spin) Spin; Cat. Jard. Bot. St. Seb. 18, 29 (1818)
= Myoporum serratum var. glandulosum (Spin) Benth.; Fl. Austral. 5: 5 (1870)
species :
Myoporum wilderi Skottsb.; Acta Hort. Gothoburg. 8: 165 (1933)
Distribution: Cook Isl. (Rarotonga, Mangaia, Mitiaro)
61 COO
Conservation Status: very rare on all islands
Synonyms: hidden
= Myoporum sandwicense subsp. wilderi (Skottsb.) G.L.Webster; Pacific Sci. 5: 73 (1951)
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A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 18.4 (Feb. 11th, 2024)

Covering 354,025 accepted species,
9,095 hybrids, 47,879 accepted infraspecific taxa and 995,101 synonyms,
in total 1,406,100* names

[*about 25,000 dubious, "unplaced" names and about 4,000 invalid names (Art. 24.3) like "typicus" are deliberately omitted]


With complete, detailed distribution data (countries and regions) and literature references

Arranged in linear phylogenetic sequence reflecting true relationships

Fully searchable and continously updated

With 38,290 pictures of 15,532 species

Assembled through 40 years independently from other databases

In cooperation with Catalogue of Life