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V. 14.0
August 2nd, 2022

125.0000 Family Orchidaceae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 64 (1789), nom. cons.
over 800 genera, more than 30.000 spp. worldwide, mostly tropical
Species listed in database: 30739; hybrids: 1260
= Apostasiaceae Lindl., Nix. Pl.: 22 (1833), nom. cons.
= Cypripediaceae Lindl., Nix. Pl.: 22 (1833)
= Limodoraceae Horan., Char. Ess. Fam.: 44 (1847)
= Liparidaceae Vines, Stud. Text-book Bot. 2: 567 (1895)
= Neottiaceae Horan., Prim. Lin. Syst. Nat.: 50 (1834)
= Neuwiediaceae R.Dahlgren ex Reveal & Hoogland, Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat., ser. 4, sect. B Adansonia 13: 91 (1991)
= Ophrydaceae Vines, Stud. Text-book Bot. 2: 566 (1895)
= Pycnanthaceae Ravenna, Onira 12(6): 29 (2011)
= Vanillaceae Lindl., Key Bot.: 73 (1835)
125.4306 Genus Ophrys L.; Sp. Pl. 2: 945, 948 (1753)
Distribution: mostly Mediterranean and Anatolia, few to W-Asia and central Europe. The taxonomy of the genus is very problematic due to many recently described microspecies and various conflicting species concepts. Some authors recognize almost 400 microtaxa. Molecular results indicate that possibly only 10-50 very variable species are involved. We follow here Hennecke (2021) who recognizes 87 species based on molecular results which seems to be a reasonable compromise. Also all infraspecific taxa are recognized as varieties and not as subspecies.
Species listed in database: 84; hybrids: 448
= Arachnites F.W.Schmidt, Fl. Boem. 1: 74 (1793)
= Myodium Salisb., Trans. Hort. Soc. 1: 289 (1812)
species :
Ophrys aegaea Kalteisen & H.R.Reinhard; Mitt. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. Baden-Württemberg 19 (4): 918 (1987)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl. (Karpathos); Greece (Kyklades: Kasos, Amorgos, Iraklia Isl.)
13 GRC 34 EAI
Remarks: lesbis agg., pollinator Anthophora orientalis, probably derived from O. argolica x ferrum-equinum
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys argolica ssp. aegaea (Kalteisen & H.R.Reinhard) H.A.Pedersen & Faurh., Orchidee (Hamburg) 53(3): 345 (2002)
= Ophrys ferrum-equinum ssp. aegaea (Kalteisen & H.R.Reinhard) H.Baumann & Lorenz, Jour. Eur. Orch. 37(3): 720 (2005)
species :
Ophrys aeoli P.Delforge; Natural. Belges 78 (3) (Orchid. 10): 153-176 (1997)
Distribution: Greece (Kyklades: Amorgos, Astypaleia)
13 GRC
Remarks: Subgen. Fuciflorae, sect. Bornmuelleri
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys holoserica ssp. aeoli (P.Delforge) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 99 (2004)
species :
Ophrys aesculapii Renz; Fedde, Repert. 25: 249 (1928)
Name: Äskulap-Ragwurz
Distribution: C-Greece; S-Greece
13 GRC
Remarks: Subgen. Fuciflorae, sect. Araniferae. Of hybridogenous origin O. ferrum-equinum x O. sicula
Conservation Status: IUCN R
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys aesculapii ssp. pseudoaraneifera Renz, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 25: 250 (1928)
= Ophrys aranifera ssp. aesculapii (Renz) Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 16: 383 (1970)
= Ophrys aranifera ssp. renzii Soó, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 26: 278 (1929)
= Ophrys ×renzii (Soó) Soó, Fedde, Repert. 26: 278 (1929)
= Ophrys sphegodes ssp. aesculapii (Renz) Soó ex J.J.Wood, Orchidee 31 (6): 232 (1980)
species :
Ophrys amanensis (Nelson ex Renz & Taubenheim) P.Delforge; Nat. Belg. 72 (3): 101 (1991)
subspecies :
subsp. amanensis
Distribution: S-Turkey
34 TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Fuciflorae, sect. Araniferae
Conservation Status: IUCN R
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys amanensis ssp. iceliensis (Kreutz) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 80 (2004)
= Ophrys iceliensis Kreutz, J. Eur. Orchid. 32 (3/4): 527-537 (2000)
= Ophrys sphegodes ssp. amanensis (E.Nelson ex Renz & Taubenheim) H.A.Pedersen, P.J.Cribb & Rolf Kühn, Field Guide Orchids Europe Medit. 242 (2019)
= Ophrys transhyrcana ssp. amanensis Nelson ex Renz & Taubenheim, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 41 (2): 271 (1983)
= Ophrys hittitica Kreutz & Ruedi Peter, J. Eur. Orchid. 30 (1): 128 (prepr. 30 Sept. 1997) (tentative synonym)
subspecies :
subsp. antalyensis (Kreutz & Seckel) Kreutz; Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 80 (2004)
Distribution: S-Turkey (Antalya)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys amanensis ssp. antalyensis (Kreutz & Seckel) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 80 (2004)
= Ophrys antalyensis Kreutz & Seckel, Kreutz, Orchideen Türkei 752 (1998)
species :
Ophrys andria P.Delforge; Nat. Belg. 75 (4): 136 (1994)
Distribution: Greece (Kyklades: Andros)
13 GRC
Remarks: Subgen. Fuciflorae, sect. Bornmuelleri
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys fuciflora ssp. andria (P.Delforge) Faurh., Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 22(2): 7 (2005 publ. 2006)
= Ophrys holosericea ssp. andria (P.Delforge) Faurh., Orchidee (Hamburg) 53(3): 345 (2002)
variant :
var. halkionis G. & H.Kretzschmar; Ber. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. 13 (1): 9 (1996)
Distribution: Greece (Kyklades: Naxos, Tinos, Kimolos, ?Kea, ?Syros, ?Serifos)
13 GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys andria ssp. halkionis (G. & H.Kretzschmar) Kreutz, Eurorchis 17: 107 (2005)
= Ophrys holoserica ssp. halkionis (G. & H.Kretzschmar) Kreutz, Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 24(1): 175 (2007)
= Ophrys thesei P.Delforge, Natural. Belges 78 (3) (Orchid. 10): 153-176 (1997)
species :
Ophrys annae Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers; Nat. Belg. 73 (3): 110 (1992)
Distribution: Sardinia; S-Corsica
12 COR SAR
Remarks: Subgen. Fuciflorae, sect. Bornmuelleri
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys fuciflora ssp. annae (Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers) Engel & Quentin, Orchidophile 124: 205 (1996)
= Ophrys holoserica ssp. annae (Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers) H.Baumann, Giotta, Künkele, R.Lorenz & Piccitto, J. Eur. Orchid. 27 (2): 217 (1995)
variant :
var. aliceae (Argiolas) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 329 (2021)
Distribution: Sardinia
12 SAR
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys holoserica var. aliceae Argiolas, GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 61(2): 350 (2018)
species :
Ophrys apifera Huds.; Fl. Angl. ed. I, 340 (1762)
Name: Bienen-Ragwurz (DE); Bee Orchid (EN)
Distribution: Albania; Austria; Belgium; Luxembourg; Baleares; England; Channel Isl.; Corsica; Crete; Czech Republic; Slovakia; France; Germany (Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, +Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein [I], Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Greece (incl. Kyklades); Ireland; Luxembourg; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Malta; Netherlands; Spain; Gibraltar; Hungary; Italy; San Marino; Serbia & Kosovo; Montenegro; Macedonia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Slovenia; Croatia; Portugal; Romania; Sardinia; Sicily; European Turkey; Crimea; W-Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus] (Abkhazia); East Aegaean Isl. (including Rhodos, Karpathos, Nisyros, Tilos); Cyprus; Israel; Syria; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya
10 GRB IRE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET SLO SWI 12 BAL CIS COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH CRO GRC ITA KRI MLT MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SMA SRB TUE 14 KRY 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN 33 GEO NCS 34 CYP EAI ISR SYR
Remarks: Subgen. Fuciflorae, sect. Apiferae
Synonyms: hidden
= Arachnites apifer (Huds.) Hoffm., Deutsch. Fl. ed. 2, 2: 180 (1895)
= Ophrys albiflora Spruner ex Boiss., Fl. Orient. 5: 79 (1884)
= Ophrys apifera f. flaveola Klaver & Kreutz, GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 59(1): 48 (2016)
= Ophrys apifera ssp. austriaca (Wiesb. ex Dichtl) K.Richt., Pl. Eur. 1: 264 (1890)
= Ophrys apifera ssp. muteliae (Mutel) K.Richt., Pl. Eur. 1: 264 (1890)
= Ophrys apifera ssp. purpurea (Tausch) K.Richt., Pl. Eur. 1: 264 (1890)
= Ophrys apifera var. chlorantha (Hegetschw.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur. 698 (1882)
= Ophrys apifera var. cordatitepala Chodat, Bull. Soc. Bot. Genève, ser. 2, 5: 15 (1913)
= Ophrys apifera var. filitepala Chodat, Bull. Soc. Bot. Genève sér. 2, 5: 15 (1913)
= Ophrys apifera var. muteliae Mutel, Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot. sér. 2, 3: 243 (1835)
= Ophrys apifera var. purpurata Rchb.fil., Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 13-14: 97 (1851)
= Ophrys apifera var. purpurea (Tausch) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur. 698 (1882)
= Ophrys apifera var. speciosa Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur. 698 (1882)
= Ophrys apifera var. subterrostrunca Brot., Phytogr. Lusitan. Select. 1: 32 (1817)
= Ophrys aquisgranensis Kaltenb., Verh. Rheinl. 7: 519, t. 7 (1850)
= Ophrys arachnites Mill., Gard. Dict. ed. 8: 7 (1768)
= Ophrys broteroi Welw. ex Nyman, Consp. 698 (1882)
= Ophrys chlorantha Hegetschw., Fl. Schweiz 876 (1839)
= Ophrys insectifera ssp. apifera (Huds.) Moggr., Nov. Actorum Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. Germ. Nat. Cur. 35(3): 13 (1869)
= Ophrys oestrifera M.Bieb., Fl. Taur. Caucasus 2: 369 (1808)
= Ophrys picta var. oestrifera (M.Bieb.) Bory & Chaub., Exp. Sci. Morée, Bot. 62 (1832)
= Ophrys purpurea Tausch, Flora 14: 222 (1831)
= Ophrys ripaensis Porta, Atti Acc. Rovereto, Ser. 3: 11: fasc. 2, 7 (1905), Fedde, Repert. Nov. Sp. 8: 485
= Ophrys rostrata Ten., Ind. Sem. Hort. Neap. (1830) 15
= Ophrys saraepontana Ruppert, Verh. Naturhist. Vereines Preuss. Rheinl. Westphalens 81: 181 (1924)
= Ophrys scolopax ssp. oestrifera (M.Bieb.) Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 16 (3-4): 386 (1970 publ. 1971)
= Ophrys sphegodes Mill., Gard. Dict. ed. 8, n. 8 (1768)
= Ophrys ×pseudoapifera Caldesi, (1880)
= Orchis apifera Salisb., Prod. 7 (1796)
variant :
var. almaracensis Pérez-Chisc., Durán Oliva & Gil Llano; Stud. Bot. (Salamanca), 9: 114, 113 (1990 publ. 1991)
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys apifera f. almaracensis (Pérez-Chisc., Durán Oliva & Gil Llano) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 88(Orchid. 20): 246 (2007)
variant :
var. atrofusca J.Dierckx, Kreutz, D.Riepe & L.Segers; J. Eur. Orch. 48(2-4): 329 (2016)
Distribution: Belgium
11 BGM
variant :
var. aurita (Moggr.) Gremli; Neue Beitr. Fl. Schweiz 4: 31 (1887)
Distribution: Switzerland; France; Germany; etc.
11 GER SWI 12 FRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys insectifera subvar. aurita Moggr., Nova Acta Acad. Leop. Carol. 35: 13, tab. 4 (1869)
variant :
var. austriaca (Wiesb. ex Dichtl) Beck; Fl. Nieder-Österr. 198 (1890)
Distribution: Austria; etc.
11 AUT
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys austriaca Wiesb. ex Dichtl, Deutsch. Bot. Monatsschr. 1: 148 (1883)
variant :
var. badensis Lewis & Kreutz; J. Eur. Orch. 44(2): 403 - 412 (2012)
Distribution: rare; but throughout the range of the species
Remarks: this form was treated usually as "var. friburgensis", but the name friburgensis applies to var. botteronii
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys apifera f. badensis (L.Lewis & Kreutz) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 93(Orchid. 25): 242 (2012)
variant :
var. basiliensis S.Schwegler & Matthies; Orchid Rev. 112(1258): 214 (2004)
Distribution: Switzerland
11 SWI
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys apifera f. basiliensis (S.Schwegler & Matthies) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 87(Orchid. 19): 259 (2006)
variant :
var. belgarum Turner Ettl.; Watsonia 22 (1): 107 (1998)
Distribution: England; Belgium; etc.
10 GRB 11 BGM
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys apifera f. belgarum (Turner Ettl.) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 88(Orchid. 20): 246 (2007)
variant :
var. botteronii (Chodat) Brand; Koch, Syn. Deutsch. Schweiz. Fl. ed 3, 3: 2438 (1905)
Distribution: rare; but throughout the range of the species
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys apifera f. botteronii (Chodat) P.D.Sell, Fl. Gr. Brit. Ireland 5: 365 (1996)
= Ophrys apifera f. friburgensis (Freyhold) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 87(Orchid. 19): 260 (2006)
= Ophrys apifera ssp. botteronii (Chod.) O.Nägeli, Ill. Fl. Mitt.-Eur. 2: 324 (1909)
= Ophrys apifera ssp. friburgensis (Freyhold) P.Fourn., Fl. Compl. plaine franc. 516 (1928)
= Ophrys botteronii Chodat, [Notice sur Polyg. d´Eur. & d´Or. (1887)], Bull. Soc. Bot. Geneve v. (1889) 187
= Ophrys epeirophora Peter, Flora 66: 10 (1883)
= Ophrys friburgensis (Freyhold) O.Nägeli, Ber. Schweiz. Bot. Ges. 21: 178 (1912)
variant :
var. brevilabellata Kreutz, R.Selig & Zelesny; Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 24(1): 93 (2007)
Distribution: France (Cevennes)
12 FRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys apifera f. brevilabellata (Kreutz, R.Selig & Zelesny) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 89(Orchid. 21): 251 (2008)
variant :
var. cambrensis M.J.Clark; J. Eur. Orch. 46(3/4): 726 (2014)
Distribution: Wales
10 GRB
variant :
var. chlorantha (Hegetschw.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 698 (1882)
Distribution: rare throughout the range of the species
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys apifera ssp. chlorantha (Hegetschw.) Arcang., Comp. fl. ital. ed. 1: 661 (1882)
variant :
var. curviflora A.Soulié; Orchidophile (Asnieres) 163: 296 (2004)
Distribution: France (Aveyron); W-Germany
11 GER 12 FRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys apifera f. curviflora (A.Soulié) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 87(Orchid. 19): 260 (2006)
variant :
var. emanuelae Benigni, Barigelli & Petroselli; Micol. Marche, N. S. 5(1): 43 (2021)
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
variant :
var. fulvofusca M.P.Grasso & Scrugli; Orchidee 38 (1): 47 (1987)
Distribution: Sardinia
12 SAR
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys apifera f. fulvofusca (M.P.Grasso & Scrugli) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 88(Orchid. 20): 246 (2007)
variant :
var. immaculata Bréb.; Fl. Normandie ed. 2: 261 (1849)
Distribution: very rare through the range of the species
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys apifera f. bicolor (O.Nägeli) P.D.Sell, Fl. Gr. Brit. Ireland 5: 365 (1997)
= Ophrys apifera var. bicolor (O.Nägeli) E.Nelson, Monogr. Ikon. Ophrys 178 (1962) [nom. illeg.]
= Ophrys apifera ssp. immaculata (Bréb.) O.Nägeli, Jahresh. Vereins Vaterl. Naturk. Wurttemberg 72: 217 (1916)
= Ophrys bicolor O.Nägeli, Ber. Schweiz. Bot. Ges. 23: 64 (1914)
= Ophrys apifera f. bicolor (O.Nägeli) P.D.Sell, Fl. Great Britain & Ireland 5: 365 (1996)
= Ophrys immaculata (Bréb.) O.Nägeli, Jahresh. vaterl. Ver. Naturk. Württ. 72: 217 (1916)
= Ophrys mangini Tallon, Actes Reserve Zool. Bot. Camargue 24: 76 (1941)
variant :
var. jenensis Voelckel & E.Theel; Orchidee (Hamburg) 3(14)E: 95 (2017)
Distribution: Germany
11 GER
variant :
var. jurana (Ruppert ex W.Zimmerm.) J.Schuster; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg., Beih. 60: 435 (1935)
Distribution: rare through the range of the species
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys ×jurana Ruppert ex A.Fuchs, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg., Beih. 51: 136 (1928)
= Ophrys jurana (Ruppert ex W.Zimmerm.) Neuberger, Schulfl. Baden ed. 7-8: 57 (1925)
= Ophrys apifera ssp. jurana Ruppert, Allg. Bot. Zeitschr. 17: 2 (1911)
variant :
var. laetitiae Klaver; GIROS Notiz. 45: 16 (2010)
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
variant :
var. libanotica Addam & Bou-Hamdan; Journal of Botanical Research 6: 39-46 (2015), et J. Ecol. Environm. Sci. 7(2): 178 (2016)
Distribution: Lebanon
34 LEB
variant :
var. maculata Jakely & Könighofer; Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 38(2): 35 (2021)
Distribution: Croatia
13 CRO
variant :
var. patinata U.Grabner & Kreutz; Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 27(2): 62 (2010 publ. 2011)
Distribution: Croatia
13 CRO
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys apifera f. patinata (U.Grabner & Kreutz) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 93(Orchid. 25): 242 (2012)
variant :
var. punctata Jakely & Könighofer; Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 38(2): 41 (2021)
Distribution: Croatia
13 CRO
variant :
var. renatae K.Barbieri, L.Barbieri & Contorni; GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 62(2): 448 (2019)
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
variant :
var. saraepontana (Ruppert) H.Baumgartner bis & Kreutz; Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 27(2): 215 (2010 publ. 2011)
Distribution: Germany
11 GER
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys ×saraepontana Ruppert, Verh. Nat. Ver. Preuss. Rheinl., 81: 181 (1925), et Fedde, Repert. 31: 325 (1924 publ. 1926)
variant :
var. tilaventina Nonis & Liverani; Caesiana 9: 57 (1997)
Distribution: Italy (Pordenone)
13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cephalophrys integra (Sacc.) Cox, (1912) [pro hybr.]
= Ophrys apifera f. tilaventina (Nonis & Liverani) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 88(Orchid. 20): 247 (2007)
= Ophrys integra Sacc., Nuov. Giorn. Bot. Ital. 3: 165 (1871)
variant :
var. trollii (Hegetschw.) Rchb.fil.; Icon. fl. germ. helv. 13/14: 97 (1851)
Distribution: very rare through the range of the species
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys apifera ssp. trollii (Hegetschw.) K.Richt., Pl. Eur. 1: 264 (1890)
= Ophrys apifera ssp. trollii (Hegetschw.) O.Bolòs, Bull. Inst. Catalana Hist. Nat., 59 Bot., 8: 145 (1991)
= Ophrys apifera f. trollii (Hegetschw.) P.D.Sell, Fl. Great Britain & Ireland 5: 365 (1996)
= Ophrys trollii Hegetschw., Fl. Schweiz 874, t. 8 (1839)
= Ophrys trollii var. virescens Chodat, Bull. Soc. Bot. Genève sér. 2,: f. 17 (1913)
variant :
var. urbinensis Klaver; GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 59(2): 288 (2016)
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
species :
Ophrys apulica (O.Danesch & E.Danesch) O.Danesch & E.Danesch ex Gölz & H.R.Reinhard; Orchidee 29 (3) (1978)
Name: Apulische Ragwurz
Distribution: C-Italy; SE-Italy
13 ITA
Remarks: Subgen. Fuciflorae, sect. Fuciflorae, pollinator Tetralonia berlandi
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys fuciflora ssp. apulica O.Danesch & E.Danesch, Orchidee 21: 20 (1970)
= Ophrys holosericea ssp. apulica (O.Danesch & E.Danesch) Buttler, Willdenowia 16 (1): 115 (1986)
= Ophrys apulica (O.Danesch & E.Danesch) O.Danesch & E.Danesch, Pl. Syst. Evol. 124 (2): 82 (1975)
= Ophrys holosericea ssp. apulica (O.Danesch & E.Danesch) H.Sund., Taxon 24 (5-6): 625 (1975)
= Ophrys holosericea ssp. robertiarum D´Alonzo & Perilli, GIROS Notiz. 60(1): 19 (2017)
species :
Ophrys arachnitiformis Gren. & Philippe; Mem. Soc. Emul. Doubs, ser. 3, 4: 391 (1860), pro hybr.
Distribution: SE-France; NW-Italy; C-Spain (Aragon); N-Spain (Navarra, etc.)
12 FRA SPA 13 ITA
Remarks: Subgen. Fuciflorae, sect. Araniferae. Of hybridogenous origin O. sphegodes x O. fuciflora (holosericea), partially stabilized
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys arachnites ssp. arachnitiformis (Gren. & M.Philippe) K.Richt., Pl. Eur. 1: 262 (1890)
= Ophrys arachnites var. obscura (Beck) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur. Suppl. 2: 293 (1890)
= Ophrys arachnitiformis f. nicaeensis (Barla) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 87(Orchid. 19): 260 (2006)
= Ophrys arachnitiformis f. specularia (Rchb.fil.) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 87(Orchid. 19): 260 (2006)
= Ophrys araneifera var. ruppertii (A.Fuchs) Soó, Feddes Repert. 24: 27 (1927)
= Ophrys aranifera ssp. arachnitiformis (Gren. & M.Philippe) E.G.Camus, Monogr. Orchid. 287 (1908)
= Ophrys aranifera var. nicaeensis Barla, Fl. Illus. Nice, Orchid. 66 (1868)
= Ophrys aranifera var. specularia Rchb.fil., Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 13/14: 90, 91 (1851)
= Ophrys classica Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers, Nat. Belg. 81 (3): 351 (2000)
= Ophrys exaltata ssp. arachnitiformis (Gren. & M.Philippe) Del Prete, Webbia 37 (2): 251 (1984)
= Ophrys exaltata ssp. castellana (Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers) Soca, Monde Pl. 97(475): 27 (2002)
= Ophrys nicaeensis (Barla) Ruppert, Verh. Naturhist. Ver. Preuß. Rheinl. Westf. 83: 302 (1926)
= Ophrys specularia (Rchb.fil.) Lojac., Fl. Sic. 3: 35 (1909)
= Ophrys sphegodes ssp. classica (Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers) Kreutz, Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 24(1): 179 (2007)
= Ophrys sphegodes var. arachnitiformis Gren. & M.Philippe, Mém. Soc. Émul. Doubs, ser. 3, 4: 399 (1859)
= Ophrys ×aschersonii De Nanteuil, Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 34: 423 (1887)
= Ophrys ×aschersonii nothossp. metellae Benigni, Barigelli & Petroselli, GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 62(2): 351 (2019)
= Ophrys ×aschersonii nothossp. pacis Benigni, Mandozzi & Stortoni, GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 62(2): 352 (2019)
= Ophrys ×augustae A.Fuchs, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg., Beih. 51: 136 (1928)
= Ophrys ×castellana Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers, Nat. Belg. 69 (2): 108 (1988)
= Ophrys ×chatenieri nm.bakonyensis Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 18 (1-2): 173 (1973)
= Ophrys ×chatenieri Rouy, Fl. France 13: 124 (1912)
= Ophrys ×glanensis Soca, Monde Pl. 95 (470): 12 (2000)
= Ophrys ×licana A.Fuchs, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg., Beih. 51: 135 (1928)
= Ophrys ×metellae Benigni, Barigelli & Petroselli, Micol. Marche, N. S. 4(2): 40 (2020)
= Ophrys ×milioniae Soca, J. Eur. Orch. 49(2): 376 (2017)
= Ophrys ×obscura Beck, Österr. Bot. Zeitschr. 29: 353 (1879)
= Ophrys ×ruppertii A.Fuchs, Ber. Bayer. Bot. Ges. 16: 76 (1917), et Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg., Beih. 51: 134 (1928)
variant :
var. archipelagi (Gölz & H.R.Reinhard) comb.ined.
Distribution: EC-Italy (Adriatic coast); Croatia (Korcula); S-Italy; Albania; NW-Greece (incl. Ionian Isl.); Aegaean Isl. (Kefallenia)
13 ALB CRO GRC ITA 34 EAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys arachnitiformis ssp. archipelagi (Gölz & H.R.Reinhard) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 83 (2004)
= Ophrys arachnitiformis ssp. cephalonica (B. & H.Baumann) Kreutz, Eurorchis 17: 107 (2005)
= Ophrys arachnitiformis ssp. mateolana (Medagli, D´Emerico, Bianco & Ruggiero) Kreutz, Eurorchis 17: 108 (2005)
= Ophrys archipelagi Gölz & H.R.Reinhard, Mitt. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. Baden-Württemberg 18 (4): 731 (1986)
= Ophrys archipelagi ssp. cephalonica (B. & H.Baumann) Paulus & M.Hirth, J. Eur. Orch. 46(2): 242 (2014)
= Ophrys cephalonica (B. & H.Baumann) Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers, Nat. Belg. 69 (2): 110 (1988)
= Ophrys exaltata ssp. archipelagi (Gölz & Reinhard) Del Prete, Del Prete & G. Tosi, Orchidee Spontanee d´Italia: 37 (1988)
= Ophrys exaltata ssp. cephalonica (B. & H.Baumann) Soca, Monde Pl. 97(475): 27 (2002)
= Ophrys exaltata ssp. mateolana (Medagli, D´Emerico, Bianco & Ruggiero) Paulus & Gack, J. Eur. Orchid. 31 (2), 373 (1999)
= Ophrys sphegodes ssp. cephalonica B. & H.Baumann, Mitt. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. Baden-Württemberg 16 (1): 124 (1984)
= Ophrys ×gilsoniorum P.Delforge, Nat. Belg. 73 (3): 99 (1992)
= Ophrys ×joukoffiorum P.Delforge, Nat. Belg. 73 (3): 101 (1992)
= Ophrys ×mateolana Medagli, D´Emerico, Bianco & Ruggiero, L´Orchidophile 97: 109 (1991)
= Ophrys ×poelmansiana P.Delforge, Nat. Belg. 73 (3): 101 (1992)
variant :
var. cilentana (Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers) comb.ined.
Distribution: Italy (Campania); Croatia
13 CRO ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys arachnitiformis ssp. cilentana (Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 83 (2004)
= Ophrys cilentana Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers, Nat. Belg. 81 (3): 351 (2000)
= Serapias cilentana (Presser) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 96(Orchid. 28): 20 (2015), isonym
= Serapias cilentana (Presser) Presser, J. Eur. Orch. 44(3): 620 (2012)
variant :
var. gallica (van Looken) comb.ined.
Distribution: France
12 FRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys arachnites var. exaltata (Ten.) Fiori & Paol., Fl. Anal. Italia 1: 235 (1898)
= Ophrys arachnitiformis E.G.Camus, Jour. Bot. Paris 24: 7, 116 (1893) [non Gren. & Philippe]
= Ophrys arachnitiformis ssp. gallica (van Looken) Kreutz, Eurorchis 17: 108 (2005)
= Ophrys arachnitiformis ssp. occidentalis Scappat., Orchidophile 152: 132 (2002)
= Ophrys arachnitiformis var. occidentalis (Scappat.) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 87(Orchid. 19): 260 (2006)
= Ophrys aranifera ssp. arachnitiformis E.G.Camus & A.Camus, Iconogr. Orchid. Europe, Text (1): 337 (1928) [non Gren. & Philippe]
= Ophrys aranifera ssp. arachnitiformis E.G.Camus, Monogr. Orchid. 287 (1908) [non Gren. & Philippe]
= Ophrys aranifera var. exaltata (Tod.) E.G.Camus, Jour. Bot. Paris 24: 7, 113 (1893)
= Ophrys exaltata Gren., Mem. Soc. Emul. Dept. Doubs ser. 3, 4: 379 (1859) [non Ten.]
= Ophrys insectifera ssp. integra Moggr. & Rchb.fil., Nova Acta Acad. Leop.-Carol. Germ. Nat. Cur. 35: 11 (1869)
= Ophrys occidentalis (Scappat.) Scappat. & M.Demange, L´Orchidophile (Asnieres) 36(165): 105 (2005)
= Ophrys sphecodes ssp. arachnitiformis Malag., Acta Phytotax. Barcin., 18: 9 (1976 publ. 1977) [non Gren. & Philippe]
= Ophrys sphegodes ssp. arachnitiformis H.Sund., Europ. Medit. Orchid., ed. 3: 39 (1980) [non Gren. & Philippe]
= Ophrys sphegodes ssp. integra (Moggr. & Rchb.fil.) H.Baumann & Künkele, Mitt. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. Baden-Württemberg 18 (3): 380 (1986)
= Ophrys ×gallica Looken, Liparis 6.2 (extra number): 66, 65 (2000)
= Ophrys ×integra (Moggr. & Rchb.fil.) Paulus & Gack, Israel J. Bot. 39(1-2): 79 (1990) [non Sacc. 1871]
variant :
var. marzuola (Geniez, Melki & Soca) comb.ined.
Distribution: France; Spain
12 FRA SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys arachnitiformis ssp. marzuola (Geniez, Melki & Soca) Kreutz, Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 24(1): 165 (2007)
= Ophrys exaltata ssp. marzuola Geniez, Melki & Soca, Monde Pl. 97(475): 27 (2002)
= Ophrys marzuola (Geniez, Melki & Soca) Soca, Flora Montiber. 78: 98 (2020)
variant :
var. splendida (Gölz & H.R.Reinhard) comb.ined.
Name: Prächtige Ragwurz
Distribution: SE-France (Arles, to, Cannes)
12 FRA
Conservation Status: IUCN V
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys arachnitiformis ssp. splendida (Gölz & H.R.Reinhard) H.Baumann & Lorenz, Jour. Eur. Orch. 37(3): 718 (2005)
= Ophrys ×splendida Gölz & H.R.Reinhard, Pl. Syst. Evol. 136 (1-2): 30 (1980)
= Ophrys exaltata ssp. splendida (Gölz & H.R.Reinhard) Soca, Monde Pl. 97(475): 27 (2002)
variant :
var. tyrrhena (Gölz & H.R.Reinhard) comb.ined.
Distribution: W-Italy; WC-Italy
13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys arachnitiformis ssp. tyrrhena (Gölz & H.R.Reinhard) H.Baumann & R.Lorenz, Jour. Eur. Orch. 37(3): 718 (2005)
= Ophrys ×montis-leonis O.Danesch & E.Danesch, Orchid. Eur. Ophrys-Hybr. 225. 196 (1972) (pro hybr.)
= Ophrys exaltata ssp. montis-leonis (O.Danesch & E.Danesch) Soca, Monde Pl. 97(475): 27 (2002)
= Ophrys exaltata ssp. tyrrhena (Gölz & H.R.Reinhard) Del Prete, Del Prete & G. Tosi, Orchidee Spontanee d´Italia: 36 (1988)
= Ophrys ×tyrrhena Gölz & H.R.Reinhard, Pl. Syst. Evol. 136 (1-2): 32 (1980)
species :
Ophrys araneola Rchb.; Pl. Crit. 9: 22 (1831), Fl. Germ. Excurs. 140 (19) (1830)
Name: Kleine Spinnen-Ragwurz (DE)
Distribution: Croatia; Sicily; Italy; N-Spain; France; Switzerland; Germany (Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, +Hessen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Thüringen)
11 GER SWI 12 FRA SPA 13 CRO ITA SIC
Remarks: Subgen. Fuciflorae, sect. Araniferae. Pollinator Andrena combinata, A. florivaga, ?A. lathyri
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys araneola ssp. ausonia (Devillers, Devillers-Tersch. & P.Delforge) Kreutz, Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 24(1): 167 (2007)
= Ophrys araneola ssp. illyrica (S.Hertel & K.Hertel) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 84 (2004)
= Ophrys araneola ssp. incantata (Devillers & Devillers-Tersch.) Kreutz, Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 24(1): 167 (2007)
= Ophrys araneola ssp. tommasinii (Vis.) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 84 (2004)
= Ophrys aranifera ssp. araneola (Rchb.) K.Richt., Pl. Eur. 1: 263 (1890)
= Ophrys aranifera ssp. litigiosa (Camus) E.G.Camus, Monogr. Orchid. 285 (1908)
= Ophrys aranifera ssp. massiliensis (Viglione & Véla) Véla, Candollea 62(1): 120 (2007)
= Ophrys aranifera ssp. tommasinii (Vis.) E.G.Camus, Monogr. Orch. 289 (1908) [nom. inval.]
= Ophrys aranifera var. araneola (Rchb.) Rchb.fil., Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 13/14: 89 (1851)
= Ophrys aranifera var. tommasinii (Vis.) Rchb.fil., Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 13-14: 178 (1851)
= Ophrys argensonensis Guérin & Merlet, L´Orchidophile (133) 169-173 (1998)
= Ophrys ausonia Devillers, Devillers-Tersch. & P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 85 (Orchid. 17): 148 (2004)
= Ophrys gravinensis D´Alonzo, GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 58: 100 (2015)
= Ophrys illyrica S. & K.Hertel, Jour. Eur. Orch. 34 (3): 512 (2002)
= Ophrys incantata Devillers & Devillers-Tersch., Naturalistes Belges 85 (Orchid. 17): 147 (2004)
= Ophrys kallaikia C.E.Hermos., Flora Montiber. 71: 134 (2018)
= Ophrys litigiosa Camus, Mem. Herb. Boiss. no. 20: 49 (1899)
= Ophrys maritima Pacifico & Soca, J. Eur. Orch. 43(4): 770 (-772
= Ophrys massiliensis Viglione & Véla, L´Orchidophile 135: 13 (1999)
= Ophrys metaurensis Klaver & Kreutz, GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 63(1): 139 (2020)
= Ophrys minipassionis Romolini & Soca, J. Eur. Orch. 43(4): 772 (2011)
= Ophrys pseudospeculum var. araneola (Rchb.) Mutel, Fl. France 3: 255 (1836)
= Ophrys riojana C.E.Hermos., J. Eur. Orchid. 31 (4): 881 (1999)
= Ophrys sphegodes ssp. araneola (Rchb.) M.Laínz, An. Jard. Bot. Madrid, 40 (1): 279 (1983)
= Ophrys sphegodes ssp. argensonensis (J.-C.Guérin & A.Merlet) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 115 (2004)
= Ophrys sphegodes ssp. ausonia (Devillers, Devillers-Tersch. & P.Delforge) Biagioli & Grünanger, GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 58: 6 (2015)
= Ophrys sphegodes ssp. litigiosa (Camus) Bech., Beitr. Pflanzengeogr. Nordschweiz 46 (1925)
= Ophrys sphegodes ssp. maritima (Pacifico & Soca) Kreutz, GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 58: 7 (2015)
= Ophrys sphegodes ssp. massiliensis (Viglione & Véla) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 116 (2004)
= Ophrys sphegodes ssp. minipassionis (Romolini & Soca) Biagioli & Grünanger, GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 58: 7 (2015)
= Ophrys sphegodes ssp. riojana (C.E.Hermos.) Biagioli & Grünanger, GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 58: 7 (2015)
= Ophrys sphegodes ssp. tommasinii (Vis.) Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 16 (3-4): 382 (1970 publ. 1971)
= Ophrys suboccidentalis J.-P.Ring, J.-C.Querré & Y.Wilcox, Orchidophile (Asnières) 215: 385 (2017)
= Ophrys suboccidentalis ssp. olonae J.-P.Ring & Y.Wilcox, Orchidophile (Asnières) 215: 391 (2017)
= Ophrys tommasinii ssp. araneola (Rchb.) Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 25 (3-4): 362 (1979 publ. 1980)
= Ophrys tommasinii ssp. litigiosa (Camus) Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 18 (3-4): 383 (1973) [without basionym page]
= Ophrys tommasinii Vis., Fl. Dalm. 3: 354 (1852)
= Ophrys ×olonae (J.-P.Ring & Y.Wilcox) P.Delforge, J. Eur. Orch. 51(3-4): 355 (2019)
variant :
var. argentaria (Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 358 (2021)
Distribution: WC-Italy (Tuscany); ?Croatia
13 ITA
Remarks: pollinator Andrena fulvata
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys araneola ssp. argentaria (Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 84 (2004)
= Ophrys argentaria Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers, Nat. Belg. 72 (3): 99 (1991)
= Ophrys sphegodes var. argentaria (Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers) Faurh., Orchidee (Hamburg) 53(3): 345 (2002)
= Ophrys sphegodes ssp. argentaria (Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers) Biagioli & Grünanger, GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 58: 6 (2015)
variant :
var. virescens (Philippe ex Gren.) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 358 (2021)
Distribution: SC-France; C-Italy
12 FRA 13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys virescens Phil. ex Gren., Mem. Soc. Emul. Doubs ser. 3, 4: 401 (1859)
= Ophrys araneola ssp. virescens (Philippe ex Gren.) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 85 (2004)
species :
Ophrys argolica H.Fleischm. ex Vierh.; Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien 69: 295 (1919)
Distribution: S-Greece (Attiki, Peloponnisos)
13 GRC
Remarks: Subgen. Fuciflorae, sect. Araniferae. Pollinator Anthophora plagiata
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys ferrum-equinum ssp. argolica (H.Fleischm. ex Vierh.) Soó, Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 9: 907 (1926)
= Ophrys ferrum-equinum f. fallax Soó, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 26: 279 (1929)
species :
Ophrys atlantica Munby; Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 3: 108 (1856)
Name: Atlas-Ragwurz
Distribution: S-Spain (Málaga); Tunisia; Algeria; Morocco
12 SPA 20 ALG MOR TUN
Remarks: Subgen. Bombyliflorae, sect. Durieui. Pollinator Chalicodoma parietina
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys atlantica ssp. durieui (Rchb.fil.) Maire & Weiller, Fl. Afrique N. 6: 246 (1959)
= Ophrys fusca ssp. atlantica (Munby) E.G.Camus, Monogr. Orchid. 250 (1928)
= Ophrys fusca var. atlantica (Munby) Coss., Letourneux, Cat. Kabylie 75 (1861)
= Ophrys fusca ssp. durieui (Rchb.fil.) Soó, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 24: 26 (1927)
= Ophrys fusca var. durieui Rchb., Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 13-14: 74 (1851)
species :
Ophrys aveyronensis (J.J.Wood) P.Delforge; Guide Orchid. Eur. 189 (1984)
subspecies :
subsp. aveyronensis
Distribution: SC-France (Aveyron)
12 FRA
Remarks: Subgen. Fuciflorae, sect. Araniferae. Of hybridogenous origin O. fuciflora/holosericea x O. sphegodes
Conservation Status: IUCN V
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys aveyronensis (J.J.Wood) H.Baumann & Künkele, Mitt. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. Baden-Württemberg 18 (3): 329 (1986) [isonym]
= Ophrys aveyronensis (J.J.Wood) P.Delforge & D.Tyteca, Eur. Wildorch. 2:110 (1981) [nom. inval.]
= Ophrys aveyronensis (J.J.Wood) P.Delforge, L´Orchidophile (Asnieres) 61: 582 (1984) [nom. inval.]
= Ophrys sphegodes ssp. aveyronensis J.J.Wood, Orchidee 34 (3): 106 (1983)
subspecies :
subsp. vitorica (Kreutz) Paulus; J. Eur. Orch. 49(3-4): 440 (2017)
Distribution: N-Spain (Navarra, Burgos, La Rioja)
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys vitorica Kreutz, Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 24(1): 123 (2007)
species :
Ophrys basilissa C.Alibertis, A.Alibertis & H.R.Reinhard; Mitt. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. Baden-Württemberg 22 (1): 201 (1990)
Name: Große Omega-Ragwurz (DE); Large Omega Bee Orchid (EN)
Distribution: Crete; Greece (Kyklades: Paros, Herakleia, Patmos, Kalymnos, Neros); East Aegaean Isl. (Chios, Kos, Rhodos)
13 GRC KRI 34 EAI
Remarks: Subgen. Bombyliflorae, sect. Omegaiferae. Pollinator Anthophora subterranea (nigrocincta)
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys omegaifera ssp. basilissa (C.Alibertis, A.Alibertis & H.R.Reinhard) H.Kretzschmar, Orchideen auf Kreta, Kasos, Karpathos 196 (2002)
= Ophrys omegaifera var. basilissa (C.Alibertis, A.Alibertis & H.R.Reinhard) Faurh., Orchidee (Hamburg) 53(3): 345 (2002)
species :
Ophrys benacensis (Reisigl) O.Danesch & E.Danesch; Pl. Syst. Evol. 124 (2): 108 (1975)
Distribution: S-France; NW-Italy; N-Italy; Corsica
12 COR FRA 13 ITA
Remarks: Subgen. Fuciflorae, sect. Araniferae. Pollinator Chalicodoma parietina. Of hybridogenous origin
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys aurelia P.Delforge, Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers, Nat. Belg. 70 (3): 77 (1989)
= Ophrys bertolonii ssp. aurelia (P.Delforge, Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 87 (2004)
= Ophrys bertolonii ssp. benacensis (Reisigl) P.Delforge, Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belg. 115 (2): 276 (1982)
= Ophrys bertoloniiformis ssp. benacensis Reisigl, Orchidee 23 (4): 163 (1972)
= Ophrys saratoi ssp. benacensis (Reisigl) Del Prete, Webbia 37 (2): 252 (1984)
= Ophrys ×pseudobertolonii var. aurelia (P. Delforge, Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers) Hennecke & S.Munzinger, Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 31(2): 227 (2015)
= Ophrys ×pseudobertolonii var. benacensis (Reisigl) Hennecke & S.Munzinger, Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 31(2): 227 (2015)
= Ophrys bertolonii ssp. drumana (P.Delforge) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 88 (2004)
= Ophrys drumana P.Delforge, Nat. Belg. 69 (5­6): 188 (1988)
species :
Ophrys bertolonii Moretti; Dec. 6: 9, in Brugn. Giorn. Fis. 2 (1823)
Name: Bertolonis Ragwurz
Distribution: Albania; Bosnia & Hercegovina; NW-Greece (Korfu); Malta; Sicily; C-Italy; S-Italy; San Marino
13 ALB BIH GRC ITA MLT SIC SMA
Remarks: Subgen. Fuciflorae, sect. Araniferae. Pollinator Chalicodoma parietina, C. pyrenaica, Dasyscolia ciliata
Synonyms: hidden
= Arachnites bertolonii (Moretti) Tod., Orch. Sicul. 79 (1842)
= Ophrys bertolonii ssp. romolinii (Soca) Véla & R.Martin, Étude Cartogr. Prélim. Orchid. Sicile 91 (2015)
= Ophrys bertolonii var. ferrequinoides Balayer, Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr., Lett. Bot. 133 (3): 281 (1986)
= Ophrys insectifera ssp. bertolonii (Moretti) Moggr., Nov. Actorum Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. German. Nat. Cur. 35(3): 11 (1869)
= Ophrys penedensis Diettr.-Kalkh., Allg. Bot. Zeitschr. 20: 81 (1914)
= Ophrys romolinii Soca, Le monde des Plantes 96 (472): 11 (2001) [nom. nov. superfl.]
= Ophrys scolopax Ten., Fl. Nap. 1: Prod. 53 (1811)
= Ophrys speculum Bertol., Amoen. Ital. 201 (1804) [nec Link (1800)]
species :
Ophrys bertoloniiformis O.Danesch & E.Danesch; Orchidee 22: 117 (1971), pro hybr.
subspecies :
subsp. bertoloniiformis
Distribution: SE-Italy (Mte. Gargano southwards)
13 ITA
Remarks: Subgen. Fuciflorae, sect. Araniferae. Pollinator Chalicodoma benoistii. Hybridogen, origin Ophrys bertolonii x sphegodes s. lat.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys arachnites var. speculum Durazzo, (1804)
= Ophrys bertolonii ssp. bertoloniiformis (O.Danesch & E.Danesch) H.Sund., Europ. Medit. Orchid., ed. 3: 39 (1980)
= Ophrys ×pseudobertolonii ssp. bertoloniiformis (O. Danesch & E.Danesch) H.Baumann & Künkele, Mitt. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. Baden-Württemberg 18 (3): 367 (1986)
subspecies :
subsp. explanata (Lojac.) Hennecke & S.Munzinger; Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 31(2): 227 (2015), et Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 455 (2021)
Distribution: Sicily
13 SIC
Remarks: pollinator Chalicodoma sicula
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys explanata (Lojac.) P.Delforge, Mém. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belg. 11: 18 (1989 publ. 1990)
= Ophrys bertolonii var. explanata Lojac., Fl. Sicul. 3: 36 (1908)
= Ophrys bertolonii ssp. explanata (Lojac.) Soca, Monde Pl. 96 (472): 12 (2001)
species :
Ophrys biancae (Tod.) Macch.; Nuov. Giorn. Bot. Ital. 13: 315 (1881)
Name: Biancas Ragwurz
Distribution: SE-Sicily
13 SIC
Remarks: Subgen. Fuciflorae, sect. Bornmuelleri. Pollinator Eucera euroa. Hybridogenous origin O. oxyrrhynchos x tenthredinifera
Synonyms: hidden
= Arachnites biancae Tod.1842
= Ophrys holoserica ssp. biancae (Tod.) Faurh. & H.A.Pedersen, Orchidee (Hamburg) 53(3): 345 (2002)
= Ophrys discors Bianca, Tod., Orch. Sicul. 84 (1842)
= Ophrys holosericea ssp. biancae (Tod.) Galesi, Cristaudo & Maugeri, J. Eur. Orchideen 36(2): 506 (2004)
= Ophrys fuciflora ssp. biancae (Tod.) Faurh., Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 22(2): 7 (2006)
species :
Ophrys bombyliflora Link; Schrader, Journ. für die Bot. 1799 (2): 325 (1800)
Name: Drohnen-Ragwurz (DE); Bumblebee Orchid (EN); Orquidea abejonaflor (ES)
Distribution: Crete; Greece (except North, incl. Kyklades); Albania; Montenegro; Serbia & Kosovo; Croatia; Malta (incl. Gozo, Comino Isl.); Sicily; Italy; Sardinia; Corsica; Baleares; Spain; Gibraltar; Portugal; France; Tunisia; Algeria; Morocco; Libya (Cyrenaica); East Aegaean Isl. (including Rhodos, Karpathos, Tilos); W-Turkey
12 BAL COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 ALB CRO GRC ITA KRI MLT MNT SIC SRB 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN 34 EAI TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Bombyliflorae, sect. Bombyliflorae. Pollinator Eucera nigrescens
Synonyms: hidden
= Arachnites bombyliflorus (Link) Tod., Orch. Sicul. 91 (1842)
= Ophrys bombylifera Willd., Sp. Pl. 4: 68 (1805)
= Ophrys bombyliflora f. buccheriana De Langhe & R.D´Hose, Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belg. 118 (1): 70 (1985)
= Ophrys canaliculata Viv., App. Fl. Cors. Prod. 7 (1825)
= Ophrys distoma Biv., Sic. pl. Cent. 1: 59 (1806)
= Ophrys hiulca Sebast. & Mauri, Cent. Rom. Pl. 13: 43 (1820)
= Ophrys insectifera var. biflora Desf., Fl. Atlant. 2: 320 (1799)
= Ophrys labrofossa Brot., Phyt. Lusit. 2: 29, t. 88 (1827)
= Ophrys picta Salzm. ex Ball, Journ. Linn. Soc. 16: 673 (1878)
= Ophrys picta ssp. nafarroana Robles & M.Becerra, Acta Bot. Malac. 46e10589: [4] (2019)
= Ophrys pulla Ten., Fl. Nap. Prod. 1: p. 53 (1811)
= Ophrys tabanifera Willd., Sp. Pl. 4: 68 (1805)
variant :
var. albarranii P.P.Ferrer, E.Laguna & Gómez-Montbl.; Flora Montiber. 61: 4 (2015)
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
variant :
var. canariensis (G.Kunkel) Hennecke; Beitr. Gagg. Ophrys 165 (2021)
Distribution: Canary Isl. (Tenerife, Gran Canaria)
21 CNY
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys bombyliflora ssp. canariensis G.Kunkel, Kanarischen Ins. Pflanzenwelt: 158 (1980), nom. inval.
variant :
var. parviflora (Mifsud) Mifsud; J. Eur. Orch. 46(3/4): 684 (2014)
Distribution: Malta
13 MLT
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys bombyliflora f. parviflora Mifsud, Jour. Eur. Orch. 41(3/4), 616 (2009)
species :
Ophrys bornmuelleri M.Schultze; Mitt. Thüring. Bot. Ver. n. s. 13-14: 127 (1899)
Distribution: Israel; Syria; Lebanon; SE-Turkey; N-Iraq
34 IRQ ISR LEB SYR TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Fuciflorae, sect. Bornmuelleri. Pollinator Eucera penicillata (syn. paulusi)
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys bornmuelleri ssp. carduchorum Renz & Taubenheim, Orchidee 31 (6): 242 (1980)
= Ophrys carduchorum (Renz & Taubenheim) P.Delforge, Nat. Belg. 71 (3): 127 (1990)
= Ophrys fuciflora ssp. bornmuelleri (M.Schultze) B. & E.Willing, Orchidee 26 (2): 78 (1975)
= Ophrys holosericea ssp. bornmuelleri (M.Schultze) H.Sund., Taxon 24 (5-6): 625 (1975)
variant :
var. aramaeorum (P.Delforge) comb.ined.
Distribution: SC-Turkey (Anatolia: Mersin, Adana, Hatay, Diyarbakir, Siirt)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys holosericea ssp. aramaeorum (P.Delforge) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 99 (2004)
= Ophrys aramaeorum P.Delforge, Nat. Belg. 81 (3): 228 (2000)
variant :
var. chiosica (P.Delforge, Onckelinx & Saliaris) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 306 (2021)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl. (Chios)
34 EAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys chiosica P.Delforge, Onckelinx & Saliaris, Naturalistes Belges 88(Orchid. 20): 178 (2007)
variant :
var. ethemeae (Kreutz) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 306 (2021)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl.
34 EAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys holoserica ssp. ethemeae Kreutz, Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 28(2): 291 (289-293
= Ophrys ethemeae (Kreutz) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 96(Orchid. 28): 17 (2015)
variant :
var. grandiflora (H.Fleischm. & Soó) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 307 (2021)
Distribution: S-Turkey; NW-Syria; Lebanon; Cyprus
34 CYP LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys aphrodite Devillers & Devillers-Tersch., Naturalistes Belges 93(Orchid. 25): 160 (2012)
= Ophrys bornmuelleri f. grandiflora H.Fleischm. & Soó, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 24: 26 (1927)
= Ophrys bornmuelleri ssp. grandiflora (H.Fleischm. & Soó) Renz & Taubenheim, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 41 (2): 276 (1983)
= Ophrys fuciflora ssp. bornmuelleri var.grandiflora (H.Fleischm. & Soó) B. & E.Willing, Orchidee 26 (2): 78 (1975)
= Ophrys fuciflora ssp. grandiflora (H.Fleischm. & Soó) Faurh., Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 22(2): 7 (2006)
= Ophrys holosericea ssp. bornmuelleri var.grandiflora (H.Fleischm. & Soó) Landwehr, Wilde Orch. Eur. 2: 472 (1977) [nom. nud.]
= Ophrys holosericea ssp. grandiflora (H.Fleischm. & Soó) Faurh., J. Eur. Orchideen 35(4): 745 (2003)
= Ophrys levantina Gölz & H.R.Reinhard, Mitt. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. Baden-Württemberg 17 (3): 461 (1985)
= Ophrys levantina ssp. grandiflora (H.Fleischm. & Soó) Kreutz, Jour. Eur. Orch. 38(1): 127 (2006)
variant :
var. halia (Paulus) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 307 (2021)
Name: Halia-Ragwurz (DE); Halia Bee Orchid (EN)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl. (Rhodos)
34 EAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys holoserica ssp. halia (Paulus) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 100 (2004)
= Ophrys halia Paulus, Ber. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. 18 (2) (2001)
variant :
var. heterochila (Renz & Taubenheim) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 307 (2021)
Name: Dodekanes-Ragwurz (DE); Dodekanes Bee Orchid (EN)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl. (Rhodos, Nisyros, Samos, Naxos, Kalymnos, Leipsoi); SW-Turkey
34 EAI TUR
Remarks: status uncertain, possibly also a hybridogenous taxon
Conservation Status: IUCN E (Anatolia)
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys holoserica ssp. heterochila Renz & Taubenheim, Orchidee 31 (6): 237 (1980)
= Ophrys fuciflora ssp. heterochila (Renz & Taubenheim) H.Blatt & W.Wirth, Ber. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. 7 (1): 7 (1990)
= Ophrys heterochila (Renz & Taubenheim) Paulus & Gack, Jahresber. Naturwiss. Ver. Wuppertal 43: 94 (1990)
= Ophrys heterochila (Renz & Taubenheim) P.Delforge, Nat. Belg. 72 (3): 101 (1991) [isonym]
= Ophrys holosericea ssp. halicarnassia H.Baumann & Künkele, Mitt. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. Baden-Württemberg 18 (3): 478 (1986)
variant :
var. mesopotamica (Kreutz & H.Baumgartner bis) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 307 (2021)
Distribution: Turkey (SE-Anatolia: Siirt, Sirnak); ?Syria
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys holoserica ssp. mesopotamica Kreutz & H.Baumgartner bis, J. Eur. Orch. 46(2): 449 (2014)
= Ophrys mesopotamica (Kreutz & H.Baumgartner bis) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 96(Orchid. 28): 18 (2015)
variant :
var. oreas (Devillers & Devillers-Tersch.) comb.ined.
Name: Profitis-Ilias-Hummelragwurz (DE); Profitis Ilias Bee Orchid (EN)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl. (Rhodos)
34 EAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys oreas Devillers & Devillers-Tersch., Naturalistes Belges 90(Orchid.22): 290 (2009)
variant :
var. pallidiconi (Faurh.) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 308 (2021)
Distribution: Turkey (Antalya)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys fuciflora ssp. pallidiconi Faurh., J. Eur. Orch. 43(3): 563 (2011)
variant :
var. taloniensis (Kreutz) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 308 (2021)
Distribution: Crete
13 KRI
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys holoserica ssp. taloniensis Kreutz, Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 24(1): 111 (2007)
= Ophrys helios f. taloniensis (Kreutz) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 89(Orchid. 21): 251 (2008)
variant :
var. toroslaria (Kreutz, Gügel & Zaiss) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 308 (2021)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys holoserica ssp. toroslaria Kreutz, Gügel & Zaiss, Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 28(2): 286 (285-289
variant :
var. ziyaretiana (Kreutz & Ruedi Peter) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 308 (2021)
Distribution: S-Turkey (Hatay); NW-Syria; Lebanon; N-Israel
34 ISR LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys bornmuelleri ssp. ziyaretiana (Kreutz & Ruedi Peter) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 89 (2004)
= Ophrys bornmuelleri var. ziyaretiana (Kreutz & Ruedi Peter) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 85 (Orchid. 17): 251 (2004)
= Ophrys ziyaretiana Kreutz & Ruedi Peter, J. Eur. Orchid. 30 (1): 104 (1997)
= Ophrys pseudolevantina M. & H.Schönfelder, Ber. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. 18(2): 71 (2001) [nom. prov.]
= Ophrys fuciflora var. ziyaretiana (Kreutz & Ruedi Peter) Faurh. & H.A.Pedersen, Journ. Eur. Orch. 40(4): 695 (2008)
species :
Ophrys candica (E.Nelson ex Soó) H.Baumann & Künkele; Mitt. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. Baden-Württemberg 13 (3): 349 (1981)
subspecies :
subsp. candica
Name: Weißglanz-Ragwurz (DE); Enamel Bee Orchid (EN)
Distribution: Crete; Greece (very rare: S-Peloponnisos, Kythera Isl.); East Aegaean Isl. (Rhodos)
13 GRC KRI 34 EAI
Remarks: Subgen. Fuciflorae, sect. Bornmuelleri. Pollinator ?Eucera ephippia
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys candica (E.Nelson ex Soó) Greuter, Matthäs & Risse, Willdenowia 15 (1): 53 (1985)
= Ophrys fuciflora ssp. candica E.Nelson, Monogr. Ophrys 165 (1962) [nom. inval.]
= Ophrys fuciflora ssp. candica E.Nelson ex Soó, Bot. Journ. Linn. Soc. 76 (4): 368 (1978)
= Ophrys fuciflora var. candica (E.Nelson ex Soó) H.Sund., Europ. Medit. Orchideen 45 (1975)
= Ophrys holosericea ssp. candica (E.Nelson ex Soó) Renz & Taubenheim, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 41 (2): 276 (1983)
= Ophrys holosericea ssp. candica (Greuter, Matthäs & Risse) Pedersen & Faurh., Jour. Eur. Orch. 37(2): 288 (2005)
= Ophrys holosericea var. candica (Nelson) H.Sund., Taxon 24 (5-6): 625 (1975)
variant :
var. lacaena (P.Delforge) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 318 (2021)
Distribution: S-Greece (S-Peloponnisos)
13 GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys candica ssp. lacaena (P.Delforge) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 89 (2004)
= Ophrys holosericea ssp. lacaena (P.Delforge) H.Baumann & Lorenz, Jour. Eur. Orch. 37(3): 723 (2005)
= Ophrys lacaena P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 85 (Orchid. 17): 239 (2004)
variant :
var. lyciensis (Paulus, Gügel, D. & U.Rückbr.) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 318-319 (2021)
Distribution: SW-Turkey; East Aegaean Isl. (Chios, Kastellorizo)
34 EAI TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys holoserica ssp. lyciensis (Paulus, Gügel, D. & U.Rückbr.) H.Baumann & Lorenz, Jour. Eur. Orch. 37(3): 724 (2005)
= Ophrys candica ssp. lyciensis (Paulus, Gügel, D. & U.Rückbr.) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 90 (2004)
= Ophrys lyciensis Paulus, Gügel & Rückbrodt, Ber. Arbeitskrs. Heim. Orchid. 18 (1): 19-33 (2001)
variant :
var. minoa (C. & A.Alibertis) Paulus, Gügel, D. & U.Rückbr.; Ber. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. 18 (1): 21 (2001)
Distribution: Crete
13 KRI
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys minoa (C. & A.Alibertis) P.Delforge, Nat. Belg. 72 (3): 101 (1991) [fide Kretzschmar & Eccarius 2001]
= Ophrys candica f. minoa (C. & A.Alibertis) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 87(Orchid. 19): 261 (2006)
= Ophrys candica ssp. minoa C. & A.Alibertis, L´Orchidophile 87: 111 (1989) [fide Kretzschmar & Eccarius 2001]
variant :
var. vanbruggeniana (J.Essink, L.Essink & Kreutz) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 319 (2021)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys holoserica ssp. vanbruggeniana J.Essink, L.Essink & Kreutz, Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 27(2): 220 (2010 publ. 2011)
= Ophrys vanbruggeniana (J.Essink, L.Essink & Kreutz) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 96(Orchid. 28): 19 (2015)
subspecies :
subsp. calliantha (Bartolo & Pulv.) Kreutz; Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 89 (2004)
Distribution: Sicily; Sardinia; SE-Italy
12 SAR 13 ITA SIC
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys oxyrrhynchos ssp. calliantha (Bartolo & Pulv.) Galesi, Cristaudo & Maugeri, J. Eur. Orchideen 36(2): 506 (2004)
= Ophrys calliantha Bartolo & Pulv., Caesiana 9: 41 (1997)
variant :
var. cytherea (B. & H.Baumann) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 318 (2021)
Distribution: Sicily
13 SIC
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys candica ssp. cytherea B. & H.Baumann, Jour. Eur. Orch. 37(3): 718 (2005)
= Ophrys lacaena f. cytherea (B. & H.Baumann) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 87(Orchid. 19): 261 (2006)
species :
Ophrys chestermanii (J.J.Wood) Gölz & H.R.Reinhard; Mitt. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. Baden-Württemberg 20 (1): 115 (1988)
Distribution: Sardinia
12 SAR
Remarks: Subgen. Fuciflorae, sect. Bornmuelleri. Pollinator Psithyrus vestalis
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys holoserica ssp. chestermanii J.J.Wood, Orchidee 33 (2): 67 (1982)
= Ophrys fuciflora ssp. chestermanii (J.J.Wood) H.Blatt & W.Wirth, Ber. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. 7 (1): 7 (1990)
species :
Ophrys cilicica Schltr.; Fedde, Repert. 19: 45 (1923)
Name: Cilicische Ragwurz
Distribution: S-Turkey; NW-Syria; Iran; N-Iraq
34 IRN IRQ SYR TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Fuciflorae, sect. Araniferae
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys aranifera ssp. boissieri (Soó) Soó, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 26: 279 (1929)
= Ophrys aranifera var. boissieri Soó, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 24: 35 (1927)
= Ophrys kurdica D. & U.Rückbr., Orchidee 26 (4): 164 (1975)
= Ophrys kurdica ssp. kurdistanica (Renz) Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 25 (3-4): 362 (1979 publ. 1980)
= Ophrys kurdistanica Renz, Fl. Iranica 126: 83 (1978)
= Ophrys mammosa ssp. boissieri (Soó) Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 18: 383 (1973)
= Ophrys mammosa var. boissieri Soó, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 24: 35 (1927)
= Ophrys sphegodes ssp. boissieri (Soó) Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 16(3/4): 390 (1970 publ. 1971)
species :
Ophrys cornuta Steven ex M.Bieb.; Fl. Taur. Caucasus 1: 370 (1809), in obs., et Mem. Soc. Nat. Mosc. 2: 175 (1809)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Turkey; Turkmenistan (Kopet Dag)
32 TKM 33 ARM NCS 34 TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Fuciflorae, sect. Fuciflorae
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys arachnites f. cornuta (Steven ex M.Bieb.) Bolzon, Bull. Soc. Bot. Ital. 1903: 40 (1903)
= Ophrys arachnites var. cornuta (Steven ex M.Bieb.) Fiori & Paol., Fiori et al., Fl. Italia 1: 236 (1898)
= Ophrys bicornis var. cornuta (Steven ex M.Bieb.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur. 698 (1882)
= Ophrys cerastes Devillers & Devillers-Tersch., Naturalistes Belges 85 (Orchid. 17): 234 (2004)
= Ophrys fuciflora ssp. cornuta (Steven ex M.Bieb.) H.Sund., Europ. Medit. Orchid., ed. 3: 39 (1980)
= Ophrys holosericea ssp. cornuta (Steven ex M.Bieb.) H.Sund., Taxon 24 (5-6): 625 (1975)
= Ophrys insectifera var. cornuta (Steven ex M.Bieb.) Moggr., Nov. Actorum Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. German. Nat. Cur. 35(3): 13 (1869)
= Ophrys kopetdagensis K.P.Popov & Neshat., Izv. Akad. Nauk Turkm. SSR, Biol. Nauk, 1982 (4): 17 (1982)
= Ophrys oestrifera ssp. cornuta (Steven ex M.Bieb.) K.Richt., Pl. Eur. 1: 264 (1890)
= Ophrys oestrifera var. cornuta (Steven ex M.Bieb.) Hayek, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 30(3): 378 (1933), isonym
= Ophrys orientalis ssp. cornuta (Steven ex M.Bieb.) Soó, Monogr. Iconogr. Orchid. Eur. 2: 65, 448 (1931) [nom. illeg.]
= Ophrys scolopax ssp. cornuta (Steven ex M.Bieb.) E.G.Camus, Monogr. Orch. Eur. 270 (1908)
= Ophrys scolopax var. cornuta (Steven ex M.Bieb.) Rchb.fil., Rchb., Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 13-14: 99 (1851)
variant :
var. akcakarae (Kreutz) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 522 (2021)
Distribution: SE-Turkey (Anatolia: Diyarbakir, Siirt, Sirnak)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys oestrifera ssp. akcakarae Kreutz, Jour. Eur. Orch. 38(1): 161 (2006)
= Ophrys aramaeorum f. akcakarae (Kreutz) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 87(Orchid. 19): 260 (2006)
= Ophrys akcakarae (Kreutz) Kreutz, J. Eur. Orch. 46(2): 455 (2014)
variant :
var. akcaliensis (Perschke) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 523 (2021)
Distribution: SE-Turkey (Cilicia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys oestrifera ssp. akcaliensis Perschke, J. Eur. Orch. 40(2): 237 (2008)
variant :
var. balcanica (Soó) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 523 (2021)
Distribution: SE-Austria; Croatia; ?Slovenia
11 AUT 13 CRO
Remarks: Pollinator Eucera longicornis (Paulus 2014)
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys balcanica Soó, Fedde, Repert. 26: 279 (1929)
= Ophrys cornuta ssp. balcanica (Soó) Soó, Monogr. Iconogr. Orchid. Eur. 2: 63 (1931)
= Ophrys oestrifera ssp. balcanica (Soó) Hayek, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 30(3): 378 (1933)
variant :
var. bicornis (Sadl. ex Nendtv.) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 523 (2021)
Distribution: N-Greece; Hungary; Serbia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Romania; Bulgaria; ?Russia
11 HUN 13 BIH BUL GRC ROM SRB
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys oestrifera ssp. bicornis (Sadl. ex Nendtv.) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 108 (2004)
= Ophrys scolopax var. banatica (Rchb.fil. ex Pantu) Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 16 (3-4): 367 (1970 publ. 1971)
= Ophrys bicornis Sadl. ex Nendtv., Pl. Quinq. Eccl. (1836) 35
= Ophrys scolopax var. bicornis (Sadl. ex Nendtv.) Nyman
= Ophrys cornuta f. banatica Rchb.fil. ex Pantu & Procop., Publ. Soc. Nat. Romania 2: 15 (1901)
variant :
var. bremifera (Steven) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 523 (2021)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl. (Nisyros, Tilos, etc.); Turkey; S-Azerbaijan (Talysh); Iran
33 AZE 34 EAI IRN TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys oestrifera ssp. bremifera (Steven) K.Richt., Pl. Eur. 1: 264 (1890)
= Ophrys oestrifera f. bremifera (Steven) Soó, Bot. Arch. 23: 32 (1928)
= Ophrys bremifera Steven ex M.Bieb., Fl. Taur. Caucasus 1: 370, in obs., et Mem. Soc. Nat. Mosc. 2: 174 (1809)
= Ophrys scolopax ssp. bremifera (Steven) Biel, Ber. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. 16 (1): 54 (1999)
= Ophrys scolopax var. bremifera (Steven) Rchb.fil., Rchb., Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 13-14: 100 (1851)
variant :
var. cephaloniensis (Paulus) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 523 (2021)
Distribution: W-Greece (Kefalonia)
13 GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys cephaloniensis Paulus, J. Eur. Orch. 46(2): 250 (2014)
variant :
var. ceto (Devillers, Devillers-Tersch. & P.Delforge) comb.ined.
Distribution: Greece (Kyklades: Naxos, Paros)
13 GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys ceto Devillers, Devillers-Tersch. & P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 85 (Orchid. 17): 234 (2004)
variant :
var. cornutula (Paulus) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 523 (2021)
Name: Kleine Gehörnte Ragwurz (DE); Small Horned Bee Orchid (EN)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl. (S-Rhodos)
34 EAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys oestrifera ssp. cornutula (Paulus) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 109 (2004)
= Ophrys cornutula Paulus, Ber. Arbeitskrs. Heim. Orchid. 18 (1): 38-86 (2001)
variant :
var. dodekanensis (H.Kretzschmar & Kreutz) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 523 (2021)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl. (Rhodos)
34 EAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys dodekanensis H.Kretzschmar & Kreutz, Ber. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orchid. 18 (1) (2001)
= Ophrys heterochila ssp. dodekanensis (H.Kretzschmar & Kreutz) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 109 (2004)
variant :
var. elbursana (Kreutz) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 523 (2021)
Distribution: N-Iran
34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys oestrifera ssp. elbursana Kreutz, Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 27(2): 227 (2010)
variant :
var. grandiflora (B.Willing & E.Willing) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 523 (2021)
Distribution: NW-Greece (incl. Ionian Isl.); Turkey
13 GRC 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys cornuta f. crassicornis Renz, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 25: 259 (1928)
= Ophrys crassicornis (Renz) Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers, Naturalistes Belges 85 (Orchid. 17): 234 (2004)
= Ophrys dicipulus Valahas, African Plant Sci. 7: 305 (2013)
= Ophrys oestrifera ssp. grandiflora (B.Willing & E.Willing) Kreutz, Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 24(1): 177 (2007)
= Ophrys oestrifera var. grandiflora B. & E.Willing, Mitt. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. Baden-Württemberg 17 (4): 528 (1985)
= Ophrys scolopax f. crassicornis (Renz) Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 16 (3-4): 367 (1970 publ. 1971)
= Ophrys scolopax var. grandiflora (B.Willing & E.Willing) Biel, Ber. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. 17 (2): 61 (2000)
variant :
var. hippocratis (P.Delforge) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 524 (2021)
Distribution: Greece (Kos)
13 GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys hippocratis P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 90(Orchid.22): 184 (2009)
variant :
var. hygrophila (Gügel, Kreutz, D. & U.Rückbr.) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 524 (2021)
Distribution: SW-Turkey (Antalya, Konya)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys oestrifera ssp. hygrophila (Gügel, Kreutz, D. & U.Rückbr.) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 109 (2004)
= Ophrys hygrophila Gügel, Kreutz, D. & U.Rückbr., J. Eur. Orchid. 29 (4): 671 (1997)
variant :
var. isaura (Renz & Taubenheim) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 524 (2021)
Name: Isaurische Ragwurz
Distribution: Turkey (Antalya, Icel)
34 TUR
Conservation Status: IUCN E, extremely threatened
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys isaura Renz & Taubenheim, Orchidee 31 (6): 240 (1980)
= Ophrys scolopax ssp. isaura (Renz & Taubenheim) H.A.Pedersen & P.J.Cribb, Field Guide Orchids Europe Medit. 303 (2019)
variant :
var. karadenizensis (M.Schönfelder & H.Schönfelder) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 524 (2021)
Distribution: N-Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys oestrifera ssp. karadenizensis (M.Schönfelder & H.Schönfelder) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 109 (2004)
= Ophrys karadenizensis M.Schönfelder & H.Schönfelder, Ber. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. 14 (2): 18, 17 (1997 publ. 1998)
variant :
var. kassandra (Presser, Z.Antonop. & Tenschert) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 524 (2021)
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys kassandra Presser, Z.Antonop. & Tenschert, Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 35(1): 180 (2018)
variant :
var. kreutzii (W.Hahn, R.Wegener & J.Mast) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 524 (2021)
Distribution: S-Turkey (Karaman prov.)
34 TUR
Remarks: Pollinators Eucera nigripes, Eucera squamosa
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys kreutzii W.Hahn, R.Wegener & J.Mast, Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 25(2): 168 (2008)
variant :
var. lemnosiana (B. & H.Baumann) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 524 (2021)
Distribution: Greece (Limnos)
13 EAI GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys oestrifera ssp. lemnosiana B. & H.Baumann, Jour. Eur. Orch. 37(3): 727 (2005)
variant :
var. leptomera (P.Delforge) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 524 (2021)
Distribution: Greece (Evvoia, Attica, Peloponnisos, Kyklades: Paros, Naxos)
13 GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys oestrifera ssp. leptomera (P.Delforge) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 109 (2004)
= Ophrys leptomera P.Delforge, Nat. Belg. 81 (3): 192 (2000)
variant :
var. masticorum (P.Delforge & Saliaris) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 524 (2021)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl. (Chios, ?Lesvos)
34 EAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys masticorum P.Delforge & Saliaris, Naturalistes Belges 88(Orchid. 20): 177 (2007)
variant :
var. mattinatae (Medagli, A.Rossini, Quitadamo, D´Emerico & Turco) comb.ined.
Distribution: C-Italy (Monte Gargano)
13 ITA
Remarks: status uncertain
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys oestrifera ssp. mattinatae (Medagli, A.Rossini, Quitadamo, D´Emerico & Turco) Kreutz, GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 58: 6 (2015)
= Ophrys mattinatae Medagli, A.Rossini, Quitadamo, D´Emerico & Turco, GIROS Notiz. 51: 103 (2012)
variant :
var. minuscula (G.Thiele & W.Thiele) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 524 (2021)
Distribution: Greece (widespread, incl. Kyklades)
13 GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys oestrifera ssp. minuscula (G.Thiele & W.Thiele) Kreutz, Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 28(2): 268 (2011)
= Ophrys cornuta var. minuscula G.Thiele & W.Thiele, J. Eur. Orchideen 34(3): 646 (2002)
= Ophrys cerastes var. minuscula (G.Thiele & W.Thiele) Devillers & Devillers-Tersch., Naturalistes Belges 85 (Orchid. 17): 252 (2004)
= Ophrys minuscula (G.Thiele & W.Thiele) Presser & S.Hertel, Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 27(1): 185 (2010), nom. inval., et Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 29 (1): 245 (2012)
variant :
var. minutiflora (J.Essink, L.Essink, Gügel, Kreutz & Zaiss) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 524 (2021)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys oestrifera ssp. minutiflora J.Essink, L.Essink, Gügel, Kreutz & Zaiss, Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 26(2): 53 (2009)
= Ophrys minutiflora (J.Essink, L.Essink, Gügel, Kreutz & Zaiss) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 96(Orchid. 28): 18 (2015)
variant :
var. minutula (Gölz & H.R.Reinhard) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 524 (2021)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl. (Lesvos, Samos, Chios); W-Turkey
34 EAI TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys oestrifera ssp. minutula (Gölz & H.R.Reinhard) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 109 (2004)
= Ophrys scolopax ssp. minutula (Gölz & H.R.Reinhard) Biel, Ber. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. 16 (1): 54 (1999)
= Ophrys minutula Gölz & H.R.Reinhard, Mitt. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. Baden-Württemberg 21 (4): 1055 (1989)
= Ophrys scolopax var. minutula (Gölz & H.R.Reinhard) H.A.Pedersen & Faurh., Orchidee 48 (6): 235 (1997)
variant :
var. montis-gargani (Van de Vijver & W.Van Looken) comb.ined.
Distribution: C-Italy (Monte Gargano)
13 ITA
Remarks: status uncertain
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys oestrifera ssp. montis-gargani Van de Vijver & W.Van Looken, Journ. Eur. Orch. 42(1): 167-180 (2010)
variant :
var. mycenensis (S.Hertel & Paulus) comb.ined.
Distribution: Greece (EC-Greece, N- & E-Peloponnisos, Evvoia, Skiathos)
13 GRC
Remarks: Pollinator Chalicodoma manicata
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys mycenensis S.Hertel & Paulus, J. Eur. Orch. 42(3-4): 457 (2010)
variant :
var. nestoris (A.Alibertis & Brütsch) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 525 (2021)
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys scolopax ssp. nestoris A.Alibertis & Brütsch, Orchidophile (Asnières) 191: 285 (2011)
= Ophrys nestoris (A.Alibertis & Brütsch) Presser & S.Hertel, Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 35(1): 149 (2018)
variant :
var. orientalis (Renz) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 525 (2021)
Distribution: Turkey; etc.
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys carmeli ssp. orientalis (Renz) Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 18 (3-4): 381 (1973)
= Ophrys cornuta ssp. orientalis Renz, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 27: 205 (1929)
= Ophrys holosericea ssp. orientalis (Renz) H.Sund., Taxon 24 (5-6): 625 (1975)
= Ophrys oestrifera ssp. orientalis (Renz) Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 5: 447 (1959)
= Ophrys orientalis (Renz) Soó, Monogr. Iconogr. Orchid. Eur. 2(2/3): 65, 448 (1931)
= Ophrys scolopax ssp. orientalis (Renz) E.Nelson, Monogr. Ophrys 158 (1962)
variant :
var. orphanidea (Saliaris & P.Delforge) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 525 (2021)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl. (Chios, Lesvos)
34 EAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys orphanidea Saliaris & P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 88(Orchid. 20): 177 (2007)
variant :
var. phrygia (H.Fleischm. & Bornm.) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 525 (2021)
Distribution: S-Turkey (Antalya); East Aegaean Isl. (Chios)
34 EAI TUR
Conservation Status: IUCN E
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys phrygia H.Fleischm. & Bornm., Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien 36: 9 (1923)
= Ophrys oestrifera ssp. phrygia (H.Fleischm. & Bornm.) H.Baumann & Lorenz, Jour. Eur. Orch. 37(3): 727 (2005)
= Ophrys scolopax ssp. phrygia (H.Fleischm. & Bornm.) H.A.Pedersen & P.J.Cribb, Field Guide Orchids Europe Medit. 304 (2019)
variant :
var. rhodostephane (Devillers & Devillers-Tersch.) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 525 (2021)
Distribution: Croatia (Zadar south, Dalmatia); Montenegro; ?Albania; ?Greece (?Corfu)
13 CRO MNT
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys oestrifera ssp. rhodostephane (Devillers & Devillers-Tersch.) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 109 (2004)
= Ophrys rhodostephane Devillers & Devillers-Tersch., Naturalistes Belges 85 (Orchid.17): 232 (2004)
variant :
var. sappho (Devillers-Tersch., Devillers, Dedroog, Baeten & Flausch) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 525 (2021)
Distribution:
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys sappho Devillers-Tersch., Devillers, Dedroog, Baeten & Flausch, Naturalistes Belges 91 (Orchid. 23): 245 (2010)
variant :
var. sepioides (Devillers & Devillers-Tersch.) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 525 (2021)
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys sepioides Devillers & Devillers-Tersch., Naturalistes Belges 85 (Orchid. 17): 233 (2004)
variant :
var. stavri (Kalog., Delipetrou & A.Alibertis) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 525 (2021)
Distribution: S-Greece (Peloponnisos, Attiki)
13 GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys oestrifera ssp. stavri Kalog., Delipetrou & A.Alibertis, J. Eur. Orch. 44(1): 66 (2012)
= Ophrys stavri (Kalog., Delipetrou & A.Alibertis) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 95: 226 (2014)
variant :
var. ulupinara (W.Hahn, Passin & R.Wegener) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 525 (2021)
Distribution: S-Turkey (Antalya)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys ulupinara W.Hahn, Passin & R.Wegener, Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 25(2): 176 (2008)
species :
Ophrys crabronifera Sebast. & Mauri; Rom. Pl. Cent. 13, t. 2 (1813)
subspecies :
subsp. crabronifera
Distribution: C-Italy (Tuscany, Latium)
13 ITA
Remarks: Subgen. Fuciflorae, sect. Araniferae
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys argolica ssp. crabronifera (Sebast. & Mauri) Faurh., Orchidee (Hamburg) 53(3): 345 (2002)
variant :
var. virescens (Sommier) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 413 (2021)
Distribution: S-France; Spain; ?Italy
12 FRA SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys crabronifera ssp. virescens (Sommier) Klaver & Kreutz, GIROS Notiz. 53: 4 (2013)
= Ophrys exaltata var. virescens Sommier, Isola Giglio 77 (1900)
subspecies :
subsp. biscutella (O.Danesch & E.Danesch) Klaver & Kreutz; GIROS Notiz. 53: 4 (2013)
Distribution: SE-Italy (Apulia, Calabria); Croatia (Dalmatia)
13 CRO ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys argolica ssp. biscutella (O.Danesch & E.Danesch) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 85 (2004)
= Ophrys biscutella O.Danesch & E.Danesch, Die Orchidee 21: 358 (1970)
variant :
var. pollinensis (O.Danesch & E.Danesch) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 414 (2021)
Name: Brillen-Ragwurz
Distribution: SW-Italy (Campania, Calabria)
13 ITA
Remarks: pollinator Anthophora retusa
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys argolica ssp. pollinensis (O.Danesch & E.Danesch) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 86 (2004)
= Ophrys crabronifera ssp. pollinensis (E.Nelson) H.Baumann & Lorenz, Jour. Eur. Orch. 37(3): 719 (2005)
= Ophrys crabronifera ssp. sundermannii (Soó) Del Prete, Comp. Rend. Coll. S. F. O. 5: 62 (1982)
= Ophrys exaltata ssp. sundermannii Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 16: 392 (1970)
= Ophrys fuciflora ssp. pollinensis E.Nelson, Gestaltw. Artb. Orchid. Eur. Mittelmeerl. 167 (1962)
= Ophrys holosericea ssp. pollinensis (E.Nelson) Landwehr, Orch. Europa 2: 454 (1977)
= Ophrys holosericea ssp. pollinensis (E.Nelson) O.Danesch & E.Danesch, Pl. Syst. Evol. 124 (2): 130 (1975)
= Ophrys holosericea var. sundermannii (Soó) Landwehr, Orchid. Europa 2: 454 (1977)
= Ophrys pollinensis E.Nelson ex Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers, Nat. Belg. 81 (3): 352 (2000)
species :
Ophrys cretica (Vierh.) E.Nelson; Gestalt. & Arth. Orch. Eur. & Mittelmeerl. 146 (1962)
Name: Kretische Ragwurz
Distribution: Crete; Greece (S-Peloponnisos, Kyklades)
13 GRC KRI
Remarks: Subgen. Fuciflorae, sect. Araniferae. Pollinator Melecta tuberculata
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys cretica f. albovirescens E.Klein, L´Orchidophile 34: 1136 (1978) [without latin descr. or type]
= Ophrys cretica var. albovirescens E.Klein, Orchidee 29 (1): 29 (1978) [without type]
= Ophrys kotschyi ssp. cretica (Vierh.) H.Sund., Europ. Medit. Orchideen 45 (1975)
= Ophrys spruneri ssp. cretica (Vierh.) Renz, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 30: 109 (1932), et Fl. Aegaea 820 (1943)
= Ophrys spruneri var. cretica (Vierh.) Vierh. ex Soó, Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 9(89): 907 (1926)
= Ophrys spruneri f. cretica Vierh., Österr. Bot. Zeitschr. 66: 164 (1916)
form :
f. beloniae (G. & H.Kretzschmar) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 88(Orchid. 20): 247 (2007)
Name: Naxos-Ragwurz (DE); Naxos Bee Orchid (EN)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl. (Naxos, S-Rhodos); ?Greece (Kyklades: Paros)
34 EAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys beloniae (G. & H.Kretzschmar) Devillers & Devillers-Tersch., Naturalistes Belges 90(Orchid.22): 290 (2009)
= Ophrys cretica ssp. beloniae G. & H.Kretzschmar, Ber. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. 13 (1): 10 (1996)
form :
f. bicornuta (H.Kretzschmar & R.L.Jahn) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 88(Orchid. 20): 247 (2007)
Distribution: E-Crete
13 KRI
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys cretica ssp. bicornuta G.Kretzschmar & H.Jahn, Ber. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. 18 (2) (2001)
variant :
var. ariadnae (Paulus) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 472 (2021)
Distribution: Crete; S-Greece (S-Peloponnisos, Attiki, Kythira, Kyklades); East Aegaean Isl. (Karpathos, ?Kasos, Paros, Naxos)
13 GRC KRI 34 EAI
Remarks: pollinator Melecta albifrons
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys cretica ssp. ariadnae (Paulus) H.Kretzschmar, Orchideen auf Kreta, Kasos, Karpathos 130 (2002)
= Ophrys kotschyi ssp. ariadnae (Paulus) Faurh., Orchidee (Hamburg) 53(3): 345 (2002)
= Ophrys ariadnae Paulus, J. Eur. Orchid. 26 (3­4): 635 (1994)
= Ophrys cretica ssp. naxia E.Nelson, Gestaltw. Artb. Orchid. Eur. Mittelmeerl. 147 (1962)
= Ophrys karpathensis (Nelson) Paulus & Gack, [nom. inval.]
= Ophrys cretica ssp. karpathensis E.Nelson, Monogr. Ophrys 146 (1962) [nom. inval.]
species :
Ophrys dimidiata Rakosy, Paulus & M.Hirth; J. Eur. Orch. 52(1): 212 (2020)
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Ophrys dyris Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afr. Nord 22: 65 (1931)
Name: Marokkanische Ragwurz
Distribution: Baleares (Mallorca, Ibiza); Spain; S-Portugal; Morocco; Algeria
12 BAL POR SPA 20 ALG MOR
Remarks: Subgen. Bombyliflorae, sect. Omegaiferae. Pollinator Anthophora atroalba, Anthophora balearica. Morphologically very close to O. fleischmannii, but polyploid
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys atlantica ssp. dyris (Maire) G.Keller, Monogr. Icon. Orch. Eur. 2: 403 (1969)
= Ophrys dyris f. albina De Bellard, Calzado, Hervás, J.C.Huertas, Reyes Carr. & Ruíz Cano, Micobot. Jaén 14(1): [24] (2019)
= Ophrys fusca ssp. dyris (Maire) Soó, Monogr. Iconogr. Orch. Eur. 2: 312 (1935)
= Ophrys fusca var. dyris (Maire) O.Bolòs & Vigo, Fl. Països Catalans 4: 659 (2001)
= Ophrys omegaifera ssp. dyris (Maire) Del Prete, Webbia 38: 213 (1984)
= Ophrys omegaifera var. dyris (Maire) Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 25 (3-4): 361 (1979 publ. 1980)
variant :
var. algarvensis (D.Tyteca, Benito & M.Walravens) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 268 (2021)
Distribution: S-Portugal; S-Spain
12 POR SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys omegaifera ssp. algarvensis (D.Tyteca, Benito & M.Walravens) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 110 (2004)
= Ophrys ×algarvensis D.Tyteca, Ayuso & Walravens, Jour. Eur. Orch. 35(1): 57-78 (2003)
variant :
var. fontinalis (F.M.Vázquez) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 269 (2021)
Distribution: SW-Spain
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys omegaifera var. fontinalis (F.M.Vázquez), Folia bot. Extremadurensis 3: 280 (2009)
variant :
var. lenae (Lowe & D.Tyteca) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 268 (2021)
Distribution: Portugal
12 POR
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys ×lenae Lowe & D.Tyteca, J. Eur. Orch. 44(1): 213 (2012)
variant :
var. maculata (F.M.Vázquez) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 269 (2021)
Distribution: SW-Spain
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys omegaifera var. maculata F.M.Vázquez, Jour. Eur. Orch. 40(4), 705 (2008)
species :
Ophrys elegans (Renz) H.Baumann & Künkele; Mitt. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. Baden-Württemberg 13 (3): 350 (1981)
Distribution: Cyprus
34 CYP
Remarks: lesbis agg., pollinator Anthophora erschowi. Of hybridogenous origin
Conservation Status: IUCN V
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys argolica ssp. elegans (Renz) E.Nelson, Monogr. Ophrys 153 (1962)
= Ophrys gottfriediana ssp. elegans Renz, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 27: 206 (1929)
species :
Ophrys eleonorae Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers; Nat. Belg. 72 (3): 100 (1994)
subspecies :
subsp. eleonorae
Distribution: Corsica; Sardinia; E-Italy (Mte. Gargano); S-France; Tunisia; Algeria
12 COR FRA SAR 13 ITA 20 ALG TUN
Remarks: Subgen. Bombyliflorae, sect. Iricolores
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys fusca f. maxima A.Terracc., Bol. Soc. Brot. Ital. 22 (1910)
= Ophrys fusca var. maxima (A.Terracc.) E.G. & A.Camus, (1908)
= Ophrys iricolor ssp. eleonorae (Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers) Paulus & Gack, Jahresber. Naturwiss. Ver. Wuppertal 48: 199 (1995) [comb. illeg., non Ophrys x eleonorae Devillers & Devillers-Tersch. (1994)]
= Ophrys iricolor ssp. eleonorae (Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 103 (2004)
= Ophrys iricolor ssp. maxima (A.Terracc.) Paulus & Gack, Jahresber. Naturwiss. Ver. Wuppertal 48: 199 (1995), et Journ. Eur. Orchid. 31 (2), 361 (1999)
= Ophrys iricolor ssp. vallesiana (Devillers & Devillers-Tersch.) Paulus & Gack, Jahresber. Naturwiss. Ver. Wuppertal 48: 199 (1995)
= Ophrys vallesiana Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers, Nat. Belg. 75 ("Orchidees" no. 7, suppl.): 373 (1994)
= Ophrys ×quitadamoi Medagli & Turco, GIROS Notiz. 47: 55 (-56) (2011)
variant :
var. hospitalis (P.Delforge) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 220 (2021)
Distribution: Malta (incl. Comino Isl.)
13 MLT
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys iricolor ssp. hospitalis (P.Delforge) Mifsud & L.Lewis, J. Eur. Orch. 45(1): 117 (2013)
= Ophrys hospitalis P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 93(Orchid. 25): 69 (2012)
variant :
var. lojaconoi (P.Delforge) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 220 (2021)
Distribution: Italy (Mte. Gargano)
13 ITA
Remarks: pollinator Andrena nigroaenea
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys iricolor ssp. lojaconoi (P.Delforge) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 103 (2004)
= Ophrys lojaconoi P.Delforge, Nat. Belg. 76 (3): 289 (1995)
subspecies :
subsp. limensis (F.M.Vázquez) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 221 (2021)
Distribution: SW-Spain (Extremadura)
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys fusca ssp. limensis F.M.Vázquez, Folia Bot. Extremadur. 3: 269 (2009)
species :
Ophrys episcopalis Poir.; Encyc. Suppl. 4: 170 (1810)
Distribution: Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (Rhodos, Kos); SW-Turkey
13 KRI 34 EAI TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Fuciflorae, sect. Bornmuelleri. Pollinator Eucera cressa
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys colossaea P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 87(Orchid. 19): 214 (2006)
= Ophrys fuciflora ssp. maxima (H.Fleischm.) Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 18 (3-4): 382, 384 (1973)
= Ophrys fuciflora var. maxima H.Fleischm., Österr. Bot. Zeitschr. 74: 188 (1925)
= Ophrys holoserica ssp. colossaea (Delforge) Kreutz, Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 24(1): 173 (2007)
= Ophrys holoserica ssp. episcopalis (Poir.) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 100 (2004)
= Ophrys holosericea ssp. maxima (H.Fleischm.) Greuter, Boissiera 13: 185 (1967)
= Ophrys maxima (H.Fleischm.) Paulus & Gack, Jahresber. Naturwiss. Ver. Wuppertal 39: 79 (1986)
variant :
var. cerigona (B. & H.Baumann) Hennecke; Beitt. Gatt. Ophrys 312 (2021)
Distribution:
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys holosericea ssp. cerigona B. & H.Baumann, J. Eur. Orch. 39(1): 115 (2007)
variant :
var. cyrenaica (Kreutz) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 312 (2021)
Distribution: Libya
20 LBY
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys holoserica ssp. cyrenaica Kreutz, Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 24(1): 106 (2007)
= Ophrys cyrenaica (Kreutz) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 96(Orchid. 28): 17 (2015)
variant :
var. helios (Kreutz) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 312 (2021)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl. (Karpathos); E-Crete
13 KRI 34 EAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys holoserica ssp. helios (Kreutz) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 100 (2004)
= Ophrys helios Kreutz, Journ. Eur. Orchid. 33 (3): 872 (2001) [fide Kretzschmar 2002]
variant :
var. libanotica (H.Baumann & Lorenz) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 312 (2021)
Distribution: Lebanon; W-Syria; N-Israel; W-Jordania
34 ISR JOR LEB SYR
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys holoserica ssp. libanotica H.Baumann & Lorenz, Jour. Eur. Orch. 37(3): 724 (2005)
= Ophrys libanotica (B. & H.Baumann) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 96(Orchid. 28): 17 (2015)
= Ophrys episcopalis ssp. libanotica (B. & H.Baumann) Véla & Viglione, Acta Bot. Gallica Bot. Lett. 162(4): 278 (2015)
variant :
var. saliarisii (Paulus & Hirth) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 313 (2021)
Name: Saliarisi-Ragwurz (DE); Saliarisi´s Bee Orchid (EN)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl. (Chios, Rhodos)
34 EAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys saliarisii Paulus & M.Hirth, Journ. Eur. Orch. 41(3/4): 671 (2009)
variant :
var. samia (P.Delforge) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 313 (2021)
Distribution: W-Turkey; ?Aegaean Isl. (Samos); S-Greece (Monemvasia)
13 GRC 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys episcopalis var. samia P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 89(Orchid. 21): 205 (2008)
= Ophrys fuciflora ssp. oblita (Kreutz, Gügel & W.Hahn) Faurh., H.A.Pedersen & S.G.Christ., Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 28(2): 208 (2011)
= Ophrys malvasiana S.Hertel & Weyland, J. Eur. Orch. 41(2-3): 687 (2009)
= Ophrys oblita Kreutz, Gügel & W.Hahn, Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 26(2): 55 (2009)
= Ophrys samia (P.Delforge) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 92(Orchid. 24): 203 (2011)
species :
Ophrys exaltata Ten.; Cat. Pl. Hort. Neap. (1819) App. 2: 83 (s. str.)
Name: Hornissen-Ragwurz, Hohe Ragwurz
Distribution: Sicily
13 SIC
Remarks: Subgen. Fuciflorae, sect. Araniferae. Pollinator Colletes cunicularius. Of hybridogenous origin
Synonyms: hidden
= Arachnites fuciflora var. panormitana Tod., Orchid. Sicul. 75 (1842)
= Ophrys aranifera ssp. exaltata (Ten.) E.G.Camus, Monogr. Orchid. 288 (1908) nom. illeg.
= Ophrys aranifera ssp. panormitana (Tod.) Véla & R.Martin, Étude Cartogr. Prélim. Orchid. Sicile 91 (2015)
= Ophrys exaltata ssp. panormitana (Tod.) H.Baumann & Lorenz, Jour. Eur. Orch. 37(3): 720 (2005)
= Ophrys exaltata ssp. sicula (E.Nelson ex Soó) Del Prete, Webbia 37 (2): 251 (1984)
= Ophrys fuciflora ssp. exaltata (Ten.) E.Nelson, Gestaltwandel 169 (1962)
= Ophrys holosericea ssp. exaltata (Ten.) H.Sund., Taxon 24 (5-6): 625 (1975)
= Ophrys panormitana (Tod.) Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 18 (3-4): 384 (1973)
= Ophrys sipontensis R.Lorenz & Gembardt, Mitt. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. Baden-Württemberg 19 (3): 472 (1987), nom. illeg., non Gumpr.
= Ophrys sphecodes ssp. sicula E.Nelson, Monogr. Ophrys 193 (1962) [nom. inval.]
= Ophrys sphecodes ssp. sicula E.Nelson ex Soó, Bot. Journ. Linn. Soc. 76 (4): 367 (1978)
= Ophrys sphegodes ssp. panormitana (Tod.) E.Nelson, Monogr. Ophrys 194 (1962)
= Ophrys sphegodes ssp. panormitana (Tod.) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 116 (2004), isonym
= Ophrys sphegodes ssp. sicula E.Nelson ex Soó, Journ. Linn. Soc. 76: 367 (1978)
= Ophrys sphegodes ssp. tarquinia (P.Delforge) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 117 (2004)
= Ophrys sphegodes var. sicula (E.Nelson ex Soó) Galesi, Cristaudo & Maugeri, J. Eur. Orchideen 36(2): 505 (2004)
= Ophrys spruneri ssp. panormitana (Tod.) Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 16: 383 (1970)
= Ophrys tarquinia P.Delforge, Nat. Belg. 81 (3): 84 (2000)
= Ophrys trinacrica Del Prete, Comp. Rend. Coll. S. F. O. 5: 61 (1982)
variant :
var. praecox (Corrias) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 377 (2021)
Distribution: Sardinia; Corsica
12 COR SAR
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys aranifera ssp. praecox (Corrias) Véla, Orchidophile (Asnières) 176: 38 (2008)
= Ophrys panormitana ssp. praecox (Corrias) Paulus & Gack, Jahresber. Naturwiss. Ver. Wuppertal 48: 204 (1995)
= Ophrys panormitana var. praecox (Corrias) P.Delforge, Nat. Belg. 81 (4): 398 (2000)
= Ophrys praecox (Corrias) Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers, Nat. Belg. 69 (2): 100 (1988)
= Ophrys sphegodes ssp. praecox Corrias, Boll. Soc. Sarda Sci. Nat., 22: 325 (1983)
species :
Ophrys ferrum-equinum Desf.; Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. (Paris) 10: 226 (1807)
Name: Hufeisen-Ragwurz (DE); Horseshoe Orchid (EN)
Distribution: Albania; Greece (except Northeast, incl. Kyklades); East Aegaean Isl. (Samos, Naxos, Rhodos, Karpathos, Chalki, Kastellorizo, Pserimos, Tilos, etc.); S-Turkey
13 ALB GRC 34 EAI TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Fuciflorae, sect. Araniferae, pollinator Chalicodoma parietina
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys andrachnitis Bory & Chaub., Nouv. Fl. Pelop. 62, t. 34 (1838)
= Ophrys corinthiaca Hausskn., Mitt. Thüring. Bot. Ver. n. s. 13-14: 25 (1899)
= Ophrys ferrum-equinum f. anafiensis (Biel) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 88(Orchid. 20): 247 (2007)
= Ophrys ferrum-equinum f. convexa (B. & H.Baumann) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 87(Orchid. 19): 261 (2006)
= Ophrys ferrum-equinum ssp. convexa B. & H.Baumann, Jour. Eur. Orch. 37(4): 948 (2005)
= Ophrys ferrum-equinum var. aeginensis Rchb.fil., Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 13-14: 92 (1851)
= Ophrys ferrum-equinum var. anafiensis Biel, Ber. Arbeitskrs. Heim. Orchid. 18 (1): 98 (2001)
variant :
var. gottfriediana (Renz) Biel; Ber. Arbeitskrs. Heim. Orchid. 18 (1): 87-127 (2001)
Distribution: W-Greece (Kefallonia, Ithaca, Zante Isl.)
13 GRC
Remarks: pollinator Chalicodoma parietina
Conservation Status: IUCN R
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys ferrum-equinum ssp. gottfriediana (Renz) E.Nelson, Gestaltwandel 141 (1962)
= Ophrys gottfriediana Renz, Fedde, Repert. 25: 255 (1928)
= Ophrys spruneri ssp. gottfriediana (Renz) Soó, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 26: 279 (1929)
= Ophrys ferrum-equinum f. parnassica (Vierh.) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 88(Orchid. 20): 247 (2007)
= Ophrys ferrum-equinum f. subtriloba Hayek
variant :
var. labiosa (Kreutz) Hennecke; Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 31(2): 241 (2015), et Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 427 (2021)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl.; S-Turkey
34 EAI TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys ferrum-equinum ssp. labiosa (Kreutz) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 92 (2004)
= Ophrys ferrum-equinum f. labiosa (Kreutz) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 88(Orchid. 20): 247 (2007)
= Ophrys labiosa Kreutz, J. Eur. Orchid. 29 (4): 683 (1997)
variant :
var. mavromata (A.Alibertis & Triantafyll.) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 427 (2021)
Distribution: W-Greece (Kefallonia)
13 GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys mavromata A.Alibertis & Triantafyll., J. Eur. Orch. 47(2-4): 288 (2015)
variant :
var. minor Biel; Ber. Arbeitskrs. Heim. Orchid. 18 (1): 98 (2001)
Distribution:
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys ferrum-equinum f. minor (Biel) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 88(Orchid. 20): 247 (2007)
variant :
var. pseudogottfriediana Paulus; J. Eur. Orch. 46(2): 246 (2014)
Distribution:
species :
Ophrys fleischmannii Hayek; Fedde, Repert. 22: 388 (1926)
Distribution: Crete
13 KRI
Remarks: Subgen. Bombyliflorae, sect. Omegaiferae. Pollinator Anthophora sicheli, Andrena hesperia, A. pela, A. spreta scirpacea
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys funerea ssp. fleischmannii (Hayek) Soó, Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 9: 905 (1926)
= Ophrys fusca ssp. fleischmannii (Hayek) Soó, Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 9: 905 (1926)
= Ophrys heldreichii H.Fleischm., Österr. Bot. Zeitschr. 74: 182 (1925) [non O. heldreichii Schltr.]
= Ophrys lutea var. fleischmannii (Hayek) Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 18 (3-4): 379 (1973)
= Ophrys omegaifera ssp. fleischmannii (Hayek) Del Prete, Webbia 38: 213 (1984)
= Ophrys omegaifera var. fleischmannii (Hayek) Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 25 (3-4): 361 (1979 publ. 1980)
species :
Ophrys funerea Viv.; Fl. Cors. Sp. Nov. 15 (1824)
Distribution: S-France; Italy; Sardinia; Corsica
12 COR FRA SAR 13 ITA
Remarks: fusca agg., pollinator Andrena (Zonandrena) flavipes, A. flavipes, A. wilkella
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys fusca f. funerea (Viv.) Bolzon, Bull. Soc. Bot. Ital. 1903: 41 (1903)
= Ophrys fusca ssp. funerea (Viv.) Arcang., Comp. Fl. Ital. ed. 1: 662 (1882)
= Ophrys fusca ssp. funerea (Viv.) Camus, Icon. Orch. Eur. 293 (1929) [comb. illeg.]
= Ophrys fusca ssp. zonata (Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 96 (2004)
= Ophrys fusca var. funerea (Viv.) Barla, Fl. Illus. Nice, Orchid. 75 (1872)
= Ophrys fusca var. funerea (Viv.) Bolzon, Bull. Soc. Bot. Ital. 1893: 350 (1893), isonym
= Ophrys lutea ssp. funerea (Viv.) Batt., Batt. & Trab., Fl. Alger. 23 (1895)
= Ophrys zonata Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers, Nat. Belg. 75 ("Orchidees" no. 7, suppl.): 374 (1994)
species :
Ophrys fusca Link; Schrader, Journ. für die Bot. 1799 (2): 324 (1800)
Name: Braune Ragwurz
Distribution: Spain; Gibraltar; Baleares; France; Corsica; ?Italy; ?Sardinia; Tunisia; Algeria; ?Morocco
12 BAL COR FRA GIB SPA 20 ALG TUN
Remarks: Subgen. Bombyliflorae, sect. Pseudophrys. Pollinator Andrena (Melandrena) nigroaenea
Synonyms: hidden
= Arachnites fusca (Link) Tod., W. Schmidt, Fl. Boem. 1: 98 (1793)
= Ophrys fusca nssp. proxima (C.E.Hermos., Benito & Soca) F.M.Vázquez, Folia Bot. Extremadur. 3: 250 (2009)
= Ophrys fusca var. lutea F.M.Vázquez, Folia Bot. Extremadur. 3: 257 (2009)
= Ophrys fusca var. maculata Balayer, Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr., Lett. Bot. 133 (3): 281 (1986)
= Ophrys laetea Willk. & Lange, Prod. Fl. Hisp. 1: 174 (1861)
= Ophrys myodes Lapeyr., Hist. Abr. Pl. Pyren. 2: 551 (1813)
= Ophrys tricolor Desf. ex Nyman, Consp. 699 (1882)
= Ophrys ×proxima C.E.Hermos., Benito & Soca, Estud. Mus. Cienc. Nat. Alava 15: 202 (2000)
variant :
var. akhdarensis (B. & H.Baumann) comb.ined.
Distribution: Libya (Cyrenaica)
20 LBY
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys fusca ssp. akhdarensis B. & H.Baumann, Journ. Eur. Orchid. 33 (2): 691-725 (2001)
= Ophrys akhdarensis (B. & H.Baumann) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 85 (Orchid. 17): 251 (2004)
variant :
var. arnoldii (P.Delforge) comb.ined.
Distribution: NE-Spain (Catalunya); S-France; Baleares (Ibiza)
12 BAL FRA SPA
Remarks: pollinator Andrena nigroaenea
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys fusca ssp. arnoldii (P.Delforge) Kreutz, Orchidee (Hamburg) 57(1): 101 (2006)
= Ophrys arnoldii P.Delforge, Nat. Belg. 80 (3): 247 (1999)
variant :
var. attaviria (D.Rückbr., U.Rückbr., Wenker & S.Wenker) comb.ined.
Name: Attaviros-Ragwurz (DE); Attaviros Bee Orchid (EN)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl. (Rhodos, Lesvos, Leipsoi, ?Samos, ?Chios, etc.); SW-Turkey
34 EAI TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys fusca ssp. attaviria (D.Rückbr., U.Rückbr., Wenker & S.Wenker) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 93 (2004)
= Ophrys attaviria D. & U.Rückbr. & D. & S.Wenker, Ber. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. 7 (2): 10 (1990)
variant :
var. bilunulata (Risso) comb.ined.
Distribution: S-France; N-Italy; C-Italy; San Marino; N-Spain
12 FRA SPA 13 ITA SMA
Remarks: pollinators Andrena (Euandrena) vulpecula, Andrena (Taeniandrena) wilkella, Andrena flavipes (Spain)
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys bilunulata Risso, Fl. Nice 463 (1844) [fide Paulus (2001)]
= Ophrys dianica M.R.Lowe, Piera, M.B.Crespo & J.E.Arnold, J. Eur. Orchid. 33 (2): 552 (2001)
= Ophrys fusca Link ssp. bilunulata (Risso) Aldasoro & L.Sáez, Fl. Iber. 21: 177 (2005), isonym
= Ophrys fusca ssp. bilunulata (Risso) Aldasoro & L.Sáez, Fl. Iber. 21: 177 (2005) [isonym]
= Ophrys ×ambrosii Soca, Monde Pl. 90 (452): 10 (1995)
variant :
var. blitopertha (Paulus & Gack) comb.ined.
Name: Käfer-Ragwurz (DE); Beetle Orchid (EN)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl. (Lesvos, Samos, Naxos, Chios, Rhodos, Pserimos, Tilos); SW-Turkey; Greece (Kyklades)
13 GRC 34 EAI TUR
Remarks: pollinator Blitopertha lineolata (Coleoptera)
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys subfusca ssp. blitopertha (Paulus & Gack) Kreutz, Orchidee (Hamburg) 57(1): 102 (2006)
= Ophrys blitopertha Paulus & Gack, J. Eur. Orchid. 30 (1): 181 (1998)
= Ophrys fusca ssp. blitopertha (Paulus & Gack) Faurh. & H.A.Pedersen, Orchidee (Hamburg) 53(3): 345 (2002)
variant :
var. calocaerina (Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers) comb.ined.
Distribution: S-Greece; C-Greece; ?Sicily; EC-Italy
13 GRC ITA
Remarks: pollinator ?Andrena labialis. Late-flowering taxon
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys fusca ssp. calocaerina (Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 93 (2004)
= Ophrys calocaerina Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers, Nat. Belg. 75 ("Orchidees" no. 7,suppl.): 374 (1994) [fide Paulus 2001]
= Ophrys ×varinoi Soca, Caesiana 47: 41 (2017)
variant :
var. cesmeensis (Kreutz) comb.ined.
Distribution: SW-Turkey (Cesme peninsula)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys attaviria ssp. cesmeensis Kreutz, Feldführer türk. Orchid. 202 (2003)
= Ophrys cesmeensis (Kreutz) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 85 (Orchid. 17): 252 (2004)
= Ophrys fusca ssp. cesmeensis (Kreutz) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 93 (2004)
variant :
var. cinereophila (Paulus & Gack) comb.ined.
Name: Schattenliebende Ragwurz (DE); Shadow Bee Orchids (EN)
Distribution: Greece (Evvoia, Peloponnisos, Ionian Isl.: Kefallenia, Zakynthos, Ithaki); Crete (incl. Gavdos Isl.); East Aegaean Isl. (Amorgos, Naxos, Rhodos, Lesvos, Karpathos, Kasos, Chalki, Kastellorizo, Pserimos, Tilos, etc.); SW-Turkey; Cyprus
13 GRC KRI 34 CYP EAI TUR
Remarks: pollinator Andrena (Chlorandrena) cinereophila
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys fusca ssp. cinereophila (Paulus & Gack) Faurh., Orchidee (Hamburg) 53(3): 345 (2002)
= Ophrys cinereophila Paulus & Gack, J. Eur. Orchid. 30 (1): 170 (1998)
= Ophrys subfusca ssp. cinereophila (Paulus & Gack) Kreutz, Orchidee (Hamburg) 57(1): 102 (2006)
variant :
var. clara (Vázquez & S.Ramos) comb.ined.
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys clara F.M.Vázquez & S.Ramos, Jour. Eur. Orch. 37(4): 818 (2005)
= Ophrys fusca ssp. clara (F.M.Vázquez & S.Ramos) F.M.Vázquez, J. Eur. Orch. 40(4): 710 (2008)
variant :
var. creberrima (Paulus) comb.ined.
Distribution: Crete; Greece (Kyklades)
13 GRC KRI
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys fusca ssp. creberrima (Paulus) H.Kretzschmar, Orchideen auf Kreta, Kasos, Karpathos 174 (2002)
= Ophrys creberrima Paulus, J. Eur. Orchid. 30 (1): 168 (1998)
variant :
var. cressa (Paulus) comb.ined.
Distribution: C-Crete; E-Crete
13 KRI
Remarks: pollinator Andrena merula
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys fusca ssp. cressa (Paulus) H.Kretzschmar, Orchideen auf Kreta, Kasos, Karpathos 178 (2002)
= Ophrys cressa Paulus, J. Eur. Orchid. 30 (1): 176 (1998)
= Ophrys phaidra Paulus, Jahresber. Naturw. Ver. Wuppertal 60: 101-151 (2007)
= Ophrys kedra Paulus, Jahresber. Naturw. Ver. Wuppertal 60: 101-151 (2007)
= Ophrys pallidula Paulus, Jahresber. Naturwiss. Vereins Wuppertal 60: 101-151 (2007)
variant :
var. creticola (Paulus) comb.ined.
Distribution: Crete
13 KRI
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys fusca ssp. creticola (Paulus) H.Kretzschmar, Orchideen auf Kreta, Kasos, Karpathos 182 (2002)
= Ophrys creticola Paulus, J. Eur. Orchid. 30 (1): 177 (1998)
variant :
var. delforgei (Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers) comb.ined.
Distribution: S-France (Provence, Bouches-du-Rhone)
12 FRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys fusca ssp. delforgei (Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers) Kreutz, Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 24(1): 169 (2007)
= Ophrys delforgei Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers, Naturalistes Belges 87(Orchid. 19): 62 (2006)
variant :
var. distincta F.M.Vázquez; Folia Bot. Extremadur. 3: 253 (2009)
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
variant :
var. eptapigiensis (Paulus) comb.ined.
Name: Sieben-Quellen-Ragwurz (DE); Seven Springs Bee Orchid (EN)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl. (Lesvos, Rhodos, ?Karpathos); SW-Turkey
34 EAI TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys fusca ssp. eptapigiensis (Paulus) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 93 (2004)
= Ophrys attaviria f. eptapigiensis (Paulus) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 87(Orchid. 19): 260 (2006)
= Ophrys attaviria var. eptapigiensis (Paulus) P.Delforge, (2005)
= Ophrys eptapigiensis Paulus, Ber. Arbeitskrs. Heim. Orchid. 18 (1): 38-86 (2001)
variant :
var. fabrella (Paulus & Ayasse ex P.Delforge) comb.ined.
Distribution: Baleares (incl. Mallorca, Ibiza)
12 BAL
Remarks: pollinator Andrena fabrella
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys fusca ssp. fabrella (Paulus & Ayasse ex P.Delforge) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 94 (2004)
= Ophrys fabrella Paulus & Ayasse ex P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 85 (Orchid. 17): 119 (-120) (2004)
variant :
var. forestieri (Rchb.fil.) comb.ined.
Distribution: SW-France (Gers, Hautes-Pyrenees); N-Spain; E-Spain; Italy; Baleares; Sicily; NW-Greece (Korfu); S-Greece; ?Albania; ?Montenegro; Corsica; Portugal; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; etc.
12 BAL COR FRA POR SPA 13 BIH CRO GRC ITA SIC
Remarks: pollinator Andrena nigroaenea
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys decembris S.Moingeon & J.-M.Moingeon, J. Eur. Orch. 43(1): 75 (2011) (fide Paulus 2014)
= Ophrys forestieri (Rchb.fil.) Lojac., Fl. Sic. 3: 44 (1909)
= Ophrys forestieri ssp. laureotica (Kalog., Delipetrou & A.Alibertis) Paulus, J. Eur. Orch. 52(2-4): 368 (2020)
= Ophrys fusca ssp. forestieri (Rchb.fil.) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 94 (2004)
= Ophrys fusca ssp. gackiae (P.Delforge) Kreutz, GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 58: 6 (2015)
= Ophrys fusca ssp. laureotica Kalog., Delipetrou & A.Alibertis, J. Eur. Orch. 43(2): 369 (2011) (fide Paulus 2014)
= Ophrys fusca ssp. lupercalis (Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers) Kreutz, Orchidee (Hamburg) 57(1): 101 (2006)
= Ophrys fusca var. forestieri Rchb.fil., Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 13-14: t. 464, f. 12 (1851)
= Ophrys gackiae P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 85 (Orchid. 17): 118 (2004) (fide Paulus 2014)
= Ophrys lupercalis Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers, Nat. Belg. 75 ("Orchidees" no. 7, suppl.): 373 (1994)
= Ophrys ×pratesii Gennaio, Gargiulo, Chetta & Medagli, GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 60(2): 433, et 61(1): 7 (2018)
= Ophrys ×socae J.-M.Lewin, L´Orchidophile 140: 17 (2000)
variant :
var. hespera (Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers) comb.ined.
Distribution: C-Italy (Mte. Argentario); ?Croatia
13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys fusca ssp. hespera (Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers) Kreutz, Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 24(1): 169 (2007)
= Ophrys hespera Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers, Nat. Belg. 81 (3): 322 (2000)
variant :
var. kalirachiensis (Paulus, M.Hirth & Dimadis) comb.ined.
Distribution: N-Greece (Grevena)
13 GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys bilunulata ssp. kalirachiensis Paulus, M.Hirth & Dimadis, J. Eur. Orch. 48(1): 66 (2016)
variant :
var. leucadica (Renz) comb.ined.
Distribution: NW-Greece (Ionian Isl.: Kefallonia, Ithaki); ?W-Greece; ?C-Greece; Croatia
13 CRO GRC
Remarks: pollinator Andrena fimbriata. Restricted distribution fide Paulus (2014)
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys fusca ssp. leucadica (Renz) H.Kretzschmar, Orchideen auf Kreta, Kasos, Karpathos 184 (2002)
= Ophrys ×leucadica Renz, Fedde, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 26: 265 (1928)
variant :
var. lindia (Paulus) comb.ined.
Name: Lindos-Ragwurz (DE); Lindos Bee Orchid (EN)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl. (Rhodos)
34 EAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys fusca ssp. lindia (Paulus) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 94 (2004)
= Ophrys lindia Paulus, Ber. Arbeitskrs. Heim. Orchid. 18 (1): 38-86 (2001)
variant :
var. lucana (P.Delforge, Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers) comb.ined.
Distribution: S-Italy
13 ITA
Remarks: pollinator Andrena labialis
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys fusca ssp. lucana (P.Delforge, Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 94 (2004)
= Ophrys lucana P.Delforge, Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers, Nat. Belg. 81 (3): 264 (2000)
variant :
var. lucentina (P.Delforge) comb.ined.
Distribution: SW-France; Spain (Alicante)
12 FRA SPA
Remarks: Pollinator Andrena vulpecula
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys subfusca ssp. lucentina (P.Delforge) Kreutz, Orchidee (Hamburg) 57(1): 103 (2006)
= Ophrys lucentina P.Delforge, Nat. Belg. 80 (3): 253 (1999)
= Ophrys fusca ssp. lucentina (P.Delforge) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 94 (2004)
variant :
var. lucifera (Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers) comb.ined.
Distribution: Italy; Sicily; Malta
13 ITA MLT SIC
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys lucifera Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers, Nat. Belg. 81 (3): 322 (2000)
= Ophrys fusca ssp. lucifera (Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 95 (2004)
variant :
var. lutescens F.M.Vázquez; Folia Bot. Extremadur. 3: 249 (2009)
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
variant :
var. maghrebiaca (Kreutz, Rebbas, Babali, Miara & Ait-Hamm.) comb.ined.
Distribution: Algeria
20 ALG
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys fusca ssp. maghrebiaca Kreutz, Rebbas, Babali, Miara & Ait-Hamm., Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 30(2): 195 (2013)
= Ophrys maghrebiaca (Kreutz, Rebbas, Babali, Miara & Ait-Hamm.) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 96(Orchid. 28): 17 (2015)
variant :
var. malacitana (M.R.Lowe, I.Phillips & Paulus) comb.ined.
Distribution: S-Spain (Malaga, Granada, W-Almeria)
12 SPA
Remarks: pollinator Colletes cunicularius
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys malacitana M.R.Lowe, I.Phillips & Paulus, J. Eur. Orch. 42(3-4): 547 (2010)
variant :
var. marmorata (G.Foelsche & W.Foelsche) comb.ined.
Distribution: S-Corsica; ?Croatia; Algeria
12 COR 20 ALG
Remarks: pollinator Andrena wilkella
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys fusca ssp. marmorata (G.Foelsche & W.Foelsche) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 95 (2004)
= Ophrys marmorata G. & W.Foelsche, L´Orchidophile (133) 177-178 (1998) [fide Paulus 2001]
variant :
var. migoutiana (H.Gay) comb.ined.
Distribution: Algeria; Tunisia
20 ALG TUN
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys fusca ssp. migoutiana (H.Gay) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 95 (2004)
= Ophrys ×migoutiana H.Gay, Mem. Assoc Franc. avanc. sci. Paris (1888) 502
variant :
var. minima (Balayer) comb.ined.
Distribution: N-Italy; N-Spain; S-France; Croatia
12 FRA SPA 13 CRO ITA
Remarks: pollinator Andrena wilkella, A. flavipes, A. ornata
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys fusca ssp. minima Balayer, Bull. Soc. Bot. France, Lett. Bot. 133: 281 (1986)
= Ophrys sulcata Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers, Nat. Belg. 75 ("Orchidees" no. 7, suppl.): 375 (1994)
variant :
var. obaesa (Lojac.) comb.ined.
Distribution: Sicily
13 SIC
Remarks: pollinator Andrena (Zonandrena) flavipes
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys caerulea Geniez & Melki, Actes Coll. S. F. O. 12: 51 (1991) [nom. nud.]
= Ophrys fusca ssp. obaesa (Lojac.) E.G.Camus, Iconogr. Orchid. Europe 292 (1929)
= Ophrys obaesa Lojac., Fl. Sic. 3: 46 (1909)
= Ophrys ×rebuttonei Soca, Caesiana 47: 43 (2017)
variant :
var. ortuabis (M.P.Grasso & Manca) comb.ined.
Distribution: Sardinia
12 SAR
Remarks: Pollinator Andrena hypopolia
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys fusca ssp. ortuabis (M.P.Grasso & Manca) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 95 (2004)
= Ophrys ortuabis Manca & M.P.Grasso, L´Orchidophile 151(33): 81-86 (2002)
variant :
var. parvula (Paulus) comb.ined.
Name: Kleine Rhodische Ragwurz (DE); Small Rhodian Bee Orchid (EN)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl. (Rhodos, Kos)
34 EAI
Remarks: Pollinator Andrena tomora
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys fusca ssp. parvula (Paulus) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 95 (2004)
= Ophrys parvula Paulus, Ber. Arbeitskrs. Heim. Orchid. 18 (1): 38-86 (2001)
variant :
var. pelinaea (P.Delforge) comb.ined.
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl. (Lesvos, Chios, Kos, Samos, Leipsoi, Ikaria)
34 EAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys pelinaea P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 88(Orchid. 20): 177 (2007)
= Ophrys meropes P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 90(Orchid.22): 184 (2009)
= Ophrys theophrasti Devillers & Devillers-Tersch., Naturalistes Belges 90(Orchid.22): 289 (2009)
variant :
var. peraiolae (G.Foelsche, W.Foelsche, M.Gerbaud & O.Gerbaud) comb.ined.
Distribution: NE-Corsica
12 COR
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys fusca ssp. peraiolae (G.Foelsche, W.Foelsche, M.Gerbaud & O.Gerbaud) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 95 (2004)
= Ophrys peraiolae G. & W.Foelsche, M. & O.Gerbaud, J. Eur. Orchid. 32 (3/4): 403-455 (2000)
= Ophrys peraiolae var. rubra G. & W.Foelsche, M. & O.Gerbaud, J. Eur. Orchid. 32 (3/4): 403-455 (2000)
variant :
var. perpusilla (Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers) comb.ined.
Distribution: W-Greece (Lakonia, Kyklades, W-Peloponnisos)
13 GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys fusca ssp. perpusilla (Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 95 (-96) (2004)
= Ophrys perpusilla Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers, Naturalistes Belges 85 (Orchid. 17): 249 (2004)
variant :
var. persephonae (Paulus) comb.ined.
Name: Persephone-Ragwurz (DE); Persephone Bee Orchid (EN)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl. (Rhodos, ?Chios, ?Samos); SW-Turkey
34 EAI TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys persephonae Paulus, Ber. Arbeitskrs. Heim. Orchid. 18 (1): 38-86 (2001)
= Ophrys fusca ssp. persephonae (Paulus) Kreutz, Eurorchis 17: 108 (2005)
= Ophrys subfusca ssp. persephonae (Paulus) Kreutz, Orchidee (Hamburg) 57(1): 103 (2006)
variant :
var. phaseliana (D. & U.Rückbr.) comb.ined.
Distribution: SW-Turkey; East Aegaean Isl. (Paros, Kos, Samos, Kythira, Naxos, Amorgos, Astipaleia, Pserimos, Tilos); Malta; Greece (Kyklades: Kea)
13 GRC MLT 34 EAI TUR
Remarks: Pollinator Andrena similis
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys fusca ssp. phaseliana (D. & U.Rückbr.) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 96 (2004)
= Ophrys phaseliana D. & U.Rückbr., J. Eur. Orchid. 28 (2): 395 (1996)
= Ophrys fusca ssp. parosica (P.Delforge) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 95 (2004)
= Ophrys parosica P.Delforge, Nat. Belg. 76 (3): 160 (1995)
= Ophrys parosica var. phaseliana (D. & U.Rückbr.) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 88(Orchid. 20): 247 (2007)
variant :
var. pintoi (Lowe & D.Tyteca) comb.ined.
Distribution: Portugal
12 POR
Remarks: probably O. fusca x O. subfusca
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys ×pintoi Lowe & D.Tyteca, J. Eur. Orch. 44(1): 211 (2012)
variant :
var. pseudomigoutiana (R.Martin, Véla & Ouni) comb.ined.
Distribution: Tunisia
20 TUN
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys pseudomigoutiana R.Martin, Véla & Ouni, Acta Bot. Gallica Bot. Lett. 162(4): 259 (2015)
variant :
var. punctulata (Renz) comb.ined.
Distribution: W-Greece (Korfu, Ithaka, Kefallonia, Attika, Peloponnisos); C-Aegaean Isl.; ?Montenegro; ?Albania
13 GRC 34 EAI
Remarks: pollinator Andrena flavipes (Paulus 2014). Was formerly treated as leucadica, name change see Paulus 2014. Ophrys "flavipes-fusca" sensu Paulus.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys bilunulata ssp. punctulata (Renz) Paulus, J. Eur. Orch. 46(2): 272 (2014)
= Ophrys ×punctulata Renz, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 25: 265 (1928)
variant :
var. rubescens Balayer; Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr., Lett. Bot. 133 (3): 281 (1986)
Distribution: France
12 FRA
variant :
var. sabulosa (Paulus & Gack ex P.Delforge) comb.ined.
Distribution: Sicily
13 SIC
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys fusca ssp. sabulosa (Paulus & Gack ex P.Delforge) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 96 (2004)
= Ophrys sabulosa Paulus & Gack ex P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 85 (Orchid. 17): 114 (2004)
variant :
var. sancti-isidorii (A.Saliaris, Saliaris & A.Alibertis) comb.ined.
Name: Sankt Isidors Ragwurz (DE); Saint Isidors Bee Orchid (EN)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl. (Chios, Lesvos, Samos, Kos, Rhodos, Karpathos); SW-Turkey
34 EAI TUR
Remarks: pollinator Andrena flavipes (Paulus 2014)
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys fusca ssp. sancti-isidorii A.Saliaris, Saliaris & A.Alibertis, J. Eur. Orch. 42(2): 329 (2010)
= Ophrys bilunulata ssp. sancti-isidorii (A.Saliaris, Saliaris & A.Alibertis) Paulus, J. Eur. Orch. 46(2): 272 (2014)
= Ophrys sancti-isidorii (A.Saliaris, Saliaris & A.Alibertis) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 96(Orchid. 28): 19 (2015)
variant :
var. thracica (Kreutz) comb.ined.
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys attaviria f. thracica (Kreutz) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 89(Orchid. 21): 251 (2008)
= Ophrys fusca ssp. thracica Kreutz, Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 24(1): 102 (2007)
= Ophrys thracica (Kreutz) Devillers & Devillers-Tersch., Naturalistes Belges 90(Orchid.22): 289 (2009)
= Ophrys ×rueckbrodtiana W.Hahn, Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 24(2): 125 (2007)
variant :
var. thriptiensis (Paulus) comb.ined.
Distribution: E-Crete
13 KRI
Remarks: Pollinator Andrena (Euandrena) bicolor
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys fusca ssp. thriptiensis (Paulus) H.Kretzschmar, Orchideen auf Kreta, Kasos, Karpathos 188 (2002)
= Ophrys thriptiensis Paulus, J. Eur. Orchid. 30 (1): 173 (1998)
variant :
var. vasconica (O.Danesch & E.Danesch) comb.ined.
Distribution: S-France; Spain; ?Portugal
12 FRA SPA
Remarks: pollinators Andrena nigroaenea, Andrena flavipes
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys fusca ssp. vasconica (O.Danesch & E.Danesch) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 111 (2004)
= Ophrys vasconica (O.Danesch & E.Danesch) P.Delforge, Nat. Belg. 72 (3): 101 (1991)
= Ophrys fusca ssp. vasconica O.Danesch & E.Danesch, Die Orchidee 20(6): 258 (1969)
species :
Ophrys graeca (B. & H.Baumann) S.Hertel & H.Weyland; Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 34(1): 182 (2017)
Distribution: Greece (S-Peloponnisos)
13 GRC
Remarks: Subgen. Fuciflorae, sect. Bornmuelleri. Status uncertain, possibly a variety of O. episcopalis
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys holosericea ssp. graeca B. & H.Baumann, Jour. Eur. Orch. 37(3): 723 (2005)
= Ophrys lacaena f. graeca (B. & H.Baumann) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 87(Orchid. 19): 261 (2006)
species :
Ophrys heldreichii Schltr.; Fedde, Repert. 19: 46 (1923)
Distribution: Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (Karpathos)
13 KRI 34 EAI
Remarks: Subgen. Fuciflorae, sect. Fuciflorae, pollinator Tetralonia berlandi
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys cornuta ssp. heldreichii (Schltr.) Renz, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 28: 248 (1930)
= Ophrys fuciflora f. pseudooestrifera Renz
= Ophrys heldreichii var. schlechterana (Soó) Soó
= Ophrys oestrifera ssp. heldreichii (Schltr.) Hayek
= Ophrys oestrifera ssp. heldreichii (Schltr.) Soó, Monogr. Iconogr. Orchid. Eur. 2: 65 (1931)
= Ophrys scolopax ssp. heldreichii (Schltr.) E.G.Camus, Icon. Orchid. Europe, Text(1): 315 (1928)
= Ophrys scolopax ssp. heldreichii (Schltr.) E.Nelson, Gestaltwandel 160 (1962)
variant :
var. pharia (Devillers & Devillers-Tersch.) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 534 (2021)
Distribution: Croatia (Hvar Isl.)
13 CRO
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys heldreichii ssp. pharia (Devillers & Devillers-Tersch.) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 98 (2004)
= Ophrys pharia Devillers & Devillers-Tersch., Naturalistes Belges 85 (Orchid. 17): 233 (2004)
variant :
var. polyxo (J.Mast, M.-A.Garnier, Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 534 (2021)
Name: Rhodische Gehörnte Ragwurz (DE); Rhodian Horned Bee Orchid (EN)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl. (Rhodos)
34 EAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys heldreichii ssp. polyxo (J.Mast, M.-A.Garnier, Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers) Kreutz, Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 24(1): 173 (2007)
= Ophrys polyxo J.Mast, Garnier, Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers, Les Naturalistes Belges 86: 147-156 (2006)
variant :
var. pseudoapulica P.Delforge; Nat. Belg. 76 (3): 176 (1995)
Name: Calypso-Ragwurz (DE); Calypso Bee Orchid (EN)
Distribution: Greece; East Aegaean Isl. (Rhodos, Leipsoi); W-Turkey
13 GRC 34 EAI TUR
Remarks: possibly a hybrid
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys calypsus var. pseudoapulica (P.Delforge) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 85 (Orchid. 17): 251 (2004)
= Ophrys heldreichii ssp. pseudoapulica (P.Delforge) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 98 (2004)
= Ophrys calypsus var. scolopaxoides (P.Delforge) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 85 (Orchid. 17): 252 (2004)
= Ophrys heldreichii var. scolopaxoides P.Delforge, Nat. Belg. 76 (3): 176 (1995)
variant :
var. pusilla (B. & H.Baumann) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 534 (2021)
Distribution:
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys heldreichii ssp. pusilla B. & H.Baumann, Jour. Eur. Orch. 37(4): 951 (2005)
species :
Ophrys helenae Renz; Fedde, Repert. 25: 251 (1928)
Name: Helenes Ragwurz
Distribution: Greece (NW-Greece, NW-Peloponnisos); Albania
13 ALB GRC
Remarks: Subgen. Fuciflorae, sect. Araniferae
Conservation Status: IUCN R
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys aranifera ssp. helenae (Renz) Soó, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 26: 278 (1929)
= Ophrys mammosa ssp. helenae (Renz) Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 18 (3-4): 380, 383 (1973)
= Ophrys mammosa ssp. helenae (Renz) Soó, Fedde, Repert. 8517-8): 446 (1974), with basionym ref.
= Ophrys sphecodes ssp. helenae (Renz) Soó & D.M.Moore, Bot. Journ. Linn. Soc. 76 (4): 367 (1978)
= Ophrys sphegodes var. helenae (Renz) H.Sund., Europ. Medit. Orchideen 45 (1975)
species :
Ophrys holosericea (Burm.fil.) Greuter; Boissiera 13: 185 (1967)
Name: Hummel-Ragwurz
Distribution: Austria; Belgium; France; Germany (Brandenburg, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, +Hessen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Saarland, Thüringen); Luxembourg; +Netherlands; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Hungary; Bosnia & Hercegovina
11 AUT BGM GER HUN LIE LUX NET SWI 12 FRA 13 BIH
Remarks: Subgen. Fuciflorae, sect. Fuciflorae, Pollinator Eucera longicornis, E. nigrescens
Synonyms: hidden
= Arachnites fuciflora F.W.Schmidt, Fl. Boehm. 1: 76 (1793)
= Arachnites oxyrhynchus Tod., Orch. Sicul. 81 (1842)
= Epipactis arachnites (Scop.) F.W.Schmidt, Mayer, Phys. Aufs. 1: 249 (1791)
= Ophrys apiculata Rich., Mem. Mus. Par. 4: 55 (1818)
= Ophrys apifera ssp. arachnites (Scop.) H.C.Watson, London Cat. Brit. Pl. ed. 25: 21 (1867)
= Ophrys arachnites (Scop.) Reichard, Fl. Moeno-Franc. 2: 89 (1778) [nom. illeg.]
= Ophrys arachnoides Andrews, Bot. Repos. 7: tab. 470 (1807)
= Ophrys arachnoides Peterm., Flora 27: 544 (1844)
= Ophrys bombyliflora Spreng., Syst. 3: 702 (1826)
= Ophrys flavescens Sassenf., Trierisch. Fl. ed. 3, 79 (1903)
= Ophrys fuciflora (F.W.Schmidt) Moench, Meth. Suppl. 311 (1802) [non Crantz 1769]
= Ophrys fuciflora f. tallosii Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 18 (1-2): 173 (1973)
= Ophrys fuciflora f. triloboviridis Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 18 (1-2): 173 (1973)
= Ophrys fuciflora var. apiformoides Balayer, Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr., Lett. Bot. 133 (3): 282 (1986)
= Ophrys fuciflora var. carmeloides Balayer, Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr., Lett. Bot. 133 (3): 282 (1986)
= Ophrys fucus J.P.Bergeret, Phytonom. Univ. 2: 65 (1784-1786)
= Ophrys holoserica f. chlorantha Lumare, Medagli, Dura & Anelli, GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 62(1): 91 (2019)
= Ophrys holosericea var. bicolor E.Breiner & R.Breiner, Mitt. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. Baden-Württemberg 13 (2): 142 (1981)
= Ophrys holosericea var. flavescens (Rosbach) H.Sund., Taxon 24 (5-6): 625 1975)
= Ophrys holosericea var. scolopaxioides P.Haffner, Faunist.-florist. Not. Saarland 28: 517-527 (1996) [not validly published]
= Ophrys insectifera ssp. arachnites (Scop.) Moggr. & Rchb.fil., Nova Acta Acad. Leop.-Carol. German. Nat. Cur. 35: 12 (1869)
= Ophrys insectifera ssp. arachnites (Scop.) Moggr., Nov. Actorum Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. German. Nat. Cur. 35(3): 12 (1869)
= Ophrys muscifera var. apiculata Rich. ex Lej., Rev. Fl. Spa 187 (1825)
= Ophrys oestrifera Rchb., Fl. Germ. Excurs. 128 (1830)
= Orchis arachnites Scop., Fl. Carn. ed. II, 2: 194 (1772)
= Orchis fuciflora Crantz, Stirp. Austr. ed. II, fasc. 6: 483 (1769)
= Orchis fuciflora Haller ex Schrank, Baier. Fl. 242 (1789) [nom. illeg.]
= Orchis holosericea Burm.fil., Nova Acta Phys.-Med. Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. Nat. Cur., 4 (Appendix): 237 (1770)
variant :
var. aegirtica (P.Delforge) comb.ined.
Distribution: SW-France; C-France
12 FRA
Remarks: holosericea agg., tetraloniae-group. Pollinator Eucera ephippia
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys aegirtica P.Delforge, Nat. Belg. 77 (4): 205 (1996)
= Ophrys truncata Dulac, Fl. Hautes-Pyr. 128 (1867) [nom. illeg.]
variant :
var. aestuariensis (J.-P.Ring, J.-C.Querré, Biron & Fouquet) comb.ined.
Distribution: France
12 FRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys fuciflora ssp. aestuariensis J.-P.Ring, J.-C.Querré, Biron & Fouquet, Orchidophile (Argenteuil) 51(225): 166 (2020)
variant :
var. appennina (Romolini & Soca) comb.ined.
Distribution: C-Italy (Abruzzo, Basilicata, Calabria, Campania, Lazio, Liguria, Molise, Toscana, Umbria)
13 ITA
Remarks: holosericea agg., ?tetraloniae-group, related to ssp. serotina and ssp. linearis
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys holosericea ssp. appennina (Romolini & Soca) Kreutz, GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 58: 6 (2015)
= Ophrys appennina Romolini & Soca, J. Eur. Orch. 43(4): 764 (2011)
variant :
var. brachyotes (Rchb.) comb.ined.
Distribution: N-Italy (Lake Garda)
13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys brachyotes Rchb., Fl. Germ. Excurs. 128 (1830)
= Ophrys arachnites var. brachyotes (Rchb.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur. 697 (1882)
variant :
var. cinnabarina (Romolini & Soca) comb.ined.
Distribution: C-Italy (Abruzzo, Lazio, Toscana, Latium)
13 ITA
Remarks: holosericea agg., ?tetraloniae-group, related to ssp. serotina and ssp. linearis
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys holosericea ssp. cinnabarina (Romolini & Soca) Kreutz, GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 58: 6 (2015)
= Ophrys cinnabarina Romolini & Soca, J. Eur. Orch. 43(4): 767-768 (2011)
variant :
var. delfuocoi (D´Alonzo & Perilli) comb.ined.
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys holosericea ssp. delfuocoi D´Alonzo & Perilli, GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 61(1): 65 (2018)
variant :
var. dinarica (Kranjcev & P.Delforge) comb.ined.
Distribution: Croatia (Dalmatinska Zagora); Italy
13 CRO ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys holosericea ssp. dinarica (Kranjcev & P.Delforge) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 99 (2004)
= Ophrys holosericea f. dinarica (Kranjcev & P.Delforge) Faurh., J. Eur. Orch. 41(3/4): 637 (2009)
= Ophrys dinarica Kranjcev & P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 85 (Orchid. 17): 32 (2004)
= Ophrys fuciflora var. dinarica (Kranjcev & P.Delforge) Faurh., J. Eur. Orch. 41(3-4): 637 (2009)
= Ophrys ×impresciae Soca, J. Eur. Orch. 667 (2014)
= Ophrys ×kranjcevii P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 87(Orchid. 19): 254 (2006)
variant :
var. druentica (P.Delforge & Viglione) comb.ined.
Distribution: SE-France (Provence)
12 FRA
Remarks: holosericea agg., tetraloniae-group
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys holosericea ssp. druentica (P.Delforge & Viglione) Kreutz, Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 24(1): 174 (2007)
= Ophrys druentica P.Delforge & Viglione, Natural. belges 87 (Orchid. 19): 121-140 (2006)
variant :
var. gracilis (Büel, O.Danesch & E.Danesch) comb.ined.
Distribution: Italy (Tuscany to Basilicata, ?Apulia); ?Croatia
13 ITA
Remarks: holosericea agg., holosericea s. str., pollinator ?Eucera clypeata. Possibly identical with ssp. tetraloniae
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys holosericea ssp. gracilis (Büel, O.Danesch & E.Danesch) O.Danesch & E.Danesch, Pl. Syst. Evol, 124 (2): 129 (1975)
= Ophrys fuciflora ssp. gracilis Büel, O.Danesch & E.Danesch, Orchidee 23 (4): 160 (1972), without type, et Orchidee 24 (1): 36 (1973) [with type]
= Ophrys fuciflora var. gracilis (Büel, O.Danesch & E.Danesch) Faurh., J. Eur. Orch. 40(1): 57 (2008)
= Ophrys gracilis (Büel, O.Danesch & E.Danesch) Paulus, Ber. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. 13(2): 9 (1996) [isonym]
= Ophrys gracilis (Büel, O.Danesch & E.Danesch) Englmaier, Abh. zool.-bot. Ges. Österr. 22: 140 (1984)
variant :
var. montiliensis (Aubenas & Scappat.) comb.ined.
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys fuciflora ssp. montiliensis Aubenas & Scappat., Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon 81(9-10): 297 (2012)
= Ophrys montiliensis (Aubenas & Scappat.) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 93(Orchid. 25): 243 (2012)
variant :
var. montis-aviarii (O.Hirschy & L.Bennery) comb.ined.
Distribution: S-France (Provence)
12 FRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys montis-aviarii O.Hirschy & L.Bennery, L´Orchidophile 203: 352 (2014)
variant :
var. paolina (Liverani & Romolini) comb.ined.
Distribution: Italy (N-Mte. Gargano)
13 ITA
Conservation Status: Very rare, known from only a few populations and threatened by grazing
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys holosericea ssp. paolina Liverani & Romolini, J. Eur. Orch. 42(3-4): 469 (2010)
variant :
var. personata (P.Delforge) comb.ined.
Distribution: Italy (Umbria to Abruzzi)
13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys personata P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 96(Orchid. 28): 18 (2015)
variant :
var. pinguis (Romolini & Soca) comb.ined.
Distribution: C-Italy (Abruzzo, Lazio, Toscana)
13 ITA
Remarks: holosericea agg., ?tetraloniae-group, related to ssp. serotina and ssp. linearis
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys holosericea ssp. pinguis (Romolini & Soca) Kreutz, GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 58: 6 (2015)
= Ophrys pinguis Romolini & Soca, J. Eur. Orch. 43(4): 766 (2011)
variant :
var. pseudoscolopax (Moggr.) comb.ined.
Distribution: S-France; SE-France; ?NW-Italy; ?Croatia
12 FRA
Remarks: holosericea agg., tetraloniae-group. Pollinator ?Tetralonia crassa
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys arachnites var. filiforme Risso
= Ophrys demangei (Scappat.) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 96(Orchid. 28): 17 (2015)
= Ophrys fuciflora ssp. demangei Scappat., Bull. S. F. O. Rhône-Alpes 15: 88 (2015)
= Ophrys fuciflora var. linearis (Moggr.) E.G.Camus, Monogr. Orchid. (1908)
= Ophrys fuciflora var. linearis Moggr., Nov. Actorum Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. German. Nat. Cur. 35: 12 (1869)
= Ophrys holosericea ssp. linearis (Moggr.) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 101 (2004)
= Ophrys holosericea var. linearis (Moggr.) Landwehr, Orchid. Sauvages France & Europe 2: 472 (1983)
= Ophrys insectifera subvar. linearis Moggr., Nova Acta Acad. Leop.-Carol. 35: 12 (1869)
= Ophrys insectifera var. pseudoscolopax Moggr., Verh. Kaiserl. Leopoldino-Carolinischen deutsch. Acad. Naturforscher (Novo Acta Physico Medica) 35: 12, Abb.: Farbtafel III, fig. 24-26 (1869), nom. dub.
= Ophrys linearis (Moggr.) P.Delforge, Devillers & Devillers-Tersch., Nat. Belg. 81 (3): 153 (2000)
= Ophrys pseudoscolopax (Moggr.) Paulus & Gack, J. Eur. Orchid. 31 (2), 394 (1999)
variant :
var. serotina (Rolli ex Paulus) Kreutz; Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 102 (2004)
Distribution: NE-Italy; S-France; Switzerland; Croatia
11 SWI 12 FRA 13 CRO ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys holosericea ssp. serotina (Rolli ex Paulus) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 102 (2004)
= Ophrys fuciflora ssp. lorenae E.De Martino & Centur., Jour. Eur. Orch. 34(3): 589 (2002)
= Ophrys lorenae (E.De Martino & Centur.) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 96(Orchid. 28): 17 (2015)
= Ophrys fuciflora var. untchjii M.Schultze, Asch. & Graebn., Syn. 3: 631 (1907)
= Ophrys holosericea ssp. lorenae (E.De Martino & Centur.) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 101 (2004)
= Ophrys holosericea ssp. medea (Devillers & Devillers-Tersch.) Kreutz, Eurorchis 17: 109 (2005)
= Ophrys holosericea ssp. untchjii (M.Schultze) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 102 (2004)
= Ophrys medea Devillers & Devillers-Tersch., Naturalistes Belges 85 (Orchid. 17): 48 (2004)
= Ophrys serotina Rolli ex Paulus, Ber. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. 17 (2): 23, 24 (2000) [fide Martino & Centur. 2002]
= Ophrys serotina Rolli ex Cortesi, Ann. Bot., Roma, 8: 213 (1910) [fide Martino & Centur. 2002]
= Ophrys untchjii (M.Schultze) P.Delforge, Nat. Belg. 81 (4): 398 (2000)
= Ophrys ×gerstlaueri A.Fuchs, Mitt. Bayer. Bot. Ges. 3: 388 (1917)
species :
Ophrys icariensis M.Hirth & H.Spaeth; Mitt. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. Baden-Württemberg 22 (4): 699 (1990)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl. (Ikaria, Pserimos); Greece (Kyklades: Naxos, Herakleia)
13 GRC 34 EAI
Remarks: Subgen. Fuciflorae, sect. Bornmuelleri
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys bornmuelleri ssp. icariensis (M.Hirth & H.Spaeth) Biel & H.Kretzschmar
= Ophrys argolica ssp. icariensis (M.Hirth & H.Spaeth) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 85 (-86) (2004)
species :
Ophrys incubacea Bianca ex Tod.; Orch. Sicul. 75 (1842)
Name: Schwarze Ragwurz
Distribution: Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Sicily; Italy; Sardinia; Corsica; Baleares; Spain; Portugal; France
12 BAL COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 BIH CRO ITA SIC SLV
Remarks: Subgen. Fuciflorae, sect. Araniferae. Pollinator Andrena morio
Synonyms: hidden
= Arachnites atrata (Rchb.fil.) Tod., Hort. Panor. 2: t. 28 (1875)
= Ophrys aranifera ssp. atrata (Rchb.fil.) Arcang., Comp. Fl. Ital. ed. 1: 660 (1882)
= Ophrys aranifera ssp. atrata (Rchb.fil.) E.G.Camus, Monogr. Orchid. 286 (1908), isonym
= Ophrys aranifera ssp. incubacea (Bianca ex Tod.) E.G.Camus & A.Camus, Iconogr. Orchid. Europe, Text(2): 337 (1928)
= Ophrys aranifera ssp. incubacea (Bianca ex Tod.) Soó, Monogr. Iconogr. Orchid. Eur. 2: 388 (1938), isonym
= Ophrys aranifera var. atrata Rchb.fil., Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 13-14: 91 (1851)
= Ophrys atrata Lindl., Bot. Reg. t. (1807) [nom. illeg.]
= Ophrys atrata var. incubacea (Bianca ex Tod.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur. 697 (1882)
= Ophrys biceratia Delile ex Nyman, Consp. 697 (1882)
= Ophrys cyanogramma Welw. ex Nyman, Consp. 697 (1882)
= Ophrys incubacea f. albina De Bellard, Calzado, Hervás, J.C.Huertas, Reyes Carr. & Ruíz Cano, Micobot. Jaén 14(1): [27] (2019)
= Ophrys sphegodes ssp. atrata (Arcang.) E.Mayer, Sezn. Prapr. Cvet. Slov. 387 (1952)
= Ophrys sphegodes ssp. atrata (Lindl.) Malag., Acta Phytotax. Barcin., 18: 9 (1976 publ. 1977), isonym
= Ophrys ×celani nothossp. hawkingi Gennaio, Gargiulo, Medagli & Chetta, GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 59(2): 392 (2016)
variant :
var. brutia (P.Delforge) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 394 (2021)
Distribution: S-Italy (Calabria); ?Croatia
13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys incubacea ssp. brutia (P.Delforge) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 102 (2004)
= Ophrys brutia P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 84 (Orchid. 16): 74 (-75) (2003)
= Ophrys incubacea ssp. ionica Gennaio, Gargiulo, Medagli & Chetta, GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 59(2): 391 (2016)
variant :
var. dianensis Perazza & Doro; J. Eur. Orchideen 35(4): 726 (2003)
Distribution: Italy; Spain
12 SPA 13 ITA
Remarks: sphegodes agg.
variant :
var. fucifera (Rchb.fil.) Hennecke; Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 33(1): 108 (2016)
Distribution:
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys aranifera var. fucifera Rchb.fil., Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. (H. G. L. Reichenbach) 13-14: 89 (1851)
variant :
var. rubriflora (Rivas Goday) F.M.Vázquez; Folia Bot. Extremadur. 3: 297 (2009)
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
variant :
var. septentrionalis Perazza & R.Lorenz; Orchid. Italia 318 (2013)
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
species :
Ophrys insectifera L.; Sp. Pl. 948 (1753)
Name: Fliegen-Ragwurz
Distribution: Austria; Belgium; Luxembourg; England; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Denmark; Finland; France; Germany (Brandenburg, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Ireland; Luxembourg; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Netherlands; Spain; Hungary; Italy; Serbia & Kosovo; Montenegro; Macedonia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Slovenia; Croatia; NW-Greece; Norway; Poland; Romania; European Russia (N-European Russia, C-European Russia); Estonia; Lithuania; Latvia; Belarus; Sweden
10 DEN FIN GRB IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 FRA SPA 13 BIH CRO GRC ITA MNT NMA ROM SLV SRB 14 BLR EST LAT LIT RUS
Remarks: subgen. Ophrys, sect. Ophrys (insectifera agg.), pollinator Argogorytes mystaceus, A. fargei and A. combinata
Synonyms: hidden
= Arachnites musciflora Londes, 78 (1805), nom. inval., nom. illeg.
= Arachnites musciflorus (Huds.) F.W.Schmidt, Fl. Boem. 1: 75 (1793)
= Epipactis myodes (Jacq.) F.W.Schmidt, Mayer, Phys. Aufs. 1: 248 (1791)
= Malaxis myodes (Jacq.) Bernh., Syst. Verz. Erf. 315 (1800)
= Ophrys ambusta Picard, Zeitschr. Naturw. 77: 363 (1905)
= Ophrys insectifera ssp. myodes (L.) Ehrh., Hannover. Mag. 18: 232 (1780) [nom. illeg.]
= Ophrys insectifera var. elongata Moggr., Nov. Actorum Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. German. Nat. Cur. 35(3): 10 (1869)
= Ophrys insectifera var. fissa Moggr., Nov. Actorum Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. German. Nat. Cur. 35(3): 11 (1869)
= Ophrys insectifera var. glaberrima Desf., Fl. Atlant. 2: 321 (1799)
= Ophrys insectifera var. lutea Gouan, Fl. Monsp. 299 (1764)
= Ophrys insectifera var. myodes L., Sp. Pl. 2: 948 (1753) [pro syn.]
= Ophrys insectifera var. proxima Moggr., Nov. Actorum Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. German. Nat. Cur. 35(3): 11 (1869)
= Ophrys insectifera var. purpurata Moggr., Nov. Actorum Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. German. Nat. Cur. 35(3): 14 (1869)
= Ophrys insectifera var. rosea Desf., Fl. Atlant. 2: 320 (1799)
= Ophrys insectifera var. trollii Moggr., Nov. Actorum Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. German. Nat. Cur. 35(3): 14 (1869)
= Ophrys muscaria (Scop.) Lam., Fl. Fr. 3: 515 (1779)
= Ophrys muscaria (Scop.) Reichard, 89 (1778), nom. illeg.
= Ophrys muscifera Huds., Fl. Angl. ed. I, 340 (1762)
= Ophrys musciflora Haller ex Schrank, Baier. Fl. 242 (1789) [nom. illeg.]
= Ophrys musciflora Moritzi, Fl. Schweiz 503 (1844) [nom. illeg.]
= Ophrys myodes L. ex Jacq., Misc. 2: 273 (1781) [nom. inval.]
= Orchis insectifera (L.) Crantz, Stirp. Austr. ed. II, fasc. 6: 481 (1769)
= Orchis muscaria Scop., Fl. Carn. ed. II, 2: 193 (1772)
= Orchis muscifera (Huds.) Salisb., Prod. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 7 (1796)
= Orchis musciflora Schrank, Baier. Fl. 1: 242 (1789)
= Orchis myodes (Jacq.) Bernh., Syst. Verz. Erf. 315 (1800) [in syn.]
variant :
var. aymoninii (Breistr.) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 144 (2021)
Name: Aymonins Ragwurz
Distribution: SC-France (Aveyron)
12 FRA
Remarks: insectifera agg., pollinator Andrena combinata. Valid species according to molecular studies
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys aymoninii (Breistr.) Buttler, Willdenowia 16 (1): 115 (1986)
= Ophrys insectifera var. luteomarginata (L.Lewis) Kreutz, Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 24(1): 175 (2007)
= Ophrys insectifera f. luteomarginata L.Lewis, J. Eur. Orch. 38(1): 190 (2006)
= Ophrys insectifera ssp. aymoninii Breistr., Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr., Lett. Bot. 128 (1­2): 71 (1981)
variant :
var. subinsectifera (C.E.Hermos. & Sabando) comb.ined.
Distribution: N-Spain
12 SPA
Remarks: insectifera agg., pollinator Sterictiphora gastrica (Argidae)
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys insectifera ssp. subinsectifera (C.E.Hermos. & Sabando) O.Bolòs & Vigo, Fl. Països Catalans 4: 661 (2001)
= Ophrys subinsectifera Amardeilh, L´Orchidophile 27 (123): 149-154 (1996) [nom. illeg.]
= Ophrys subinsectifera C.E.Hermos. & Sabando, Estud. Mus. Cienc. Nat. Alava 10-11: 133, 135 (1995-96 publ. 1996)
species :
Ophrys iricolor Desf.; Ann. Mus. Par. 10: 224, t. 13 (1807)
Name: Regenbogen-Ragwurz (DE); Rainbow Bee Orchid (EN)
Distribution: Albania; Croatia; Crete; Greece (incl. Kyklades); European Turkey; Turkey; Lebanon; Syria; East Aegaean Isl. (including Rhodos, Karpathos, Pserimos); Cyprus; Israel
13 ALB CRO GRC KRI TUE 34 CYP EAI ISR LEB SYR TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Bombyliflorae, sect. Iricolores. Pollinators Andrena morio, A. hesperia, A. nigroaenea, A. ocreata, A. spreta scirpacea, Anthophora sicula, Colletes cunicularis
Synonyms: hidden
= Arachnites iricolor (Desf.) Bubani, Fl. Pyrenees IV: 49 (1902)
= Ophrys fusca ssp. iricolor (Desf.) K.Richt., Pl. Eur. 1: 261 (1890)
= Ophrys fusca ssp. iricolor (Desf.) O.Schwarz, Fedde, Repert. 36: 77 (1934)
= Ophrys fusca var. iricolor (Desf.) Rchb., Deutschl. Fl. 13: 95 (1851)
= Ophrys fusca f. iricolor (Desf.) Soó, Bot. Arch. 23: 22 (1928)
= Ophrys achillis P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 94(Orchid. 26): 238 (2013)
variant :
var. astypalaeica (P.Delforge) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 222 (2021)
Distribution: Greece (Kyklades: Astypaleia Isl.)
13 GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys iricolor ssp. astypalaeica (P.Delforge) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 103 (2004)
= Ophrys astypalaeica P.Delforge, Natural. Belges 78 (3) (Orchid. 10): 153-176 (1997)
variant :
var. mesaritica (Paulus, C. & A.Alibertis) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 222 (2021)
Distribution: S-Crete; NW-Greece (Kefallonia Isl., Lefkada Isl., Korfu); S-Greece (Kythera Isl.)
13 GRC KRI
Remarks: pollinator Andrena nigroaenea (Paulus 2014)
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys iricolor ssp. mesaritica (Paulus, C. & A.Alibertis) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 104 (2004)
= Ophrys mesaritica Paulus, C. & A.Alibertis, Mitt. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. Baden-Württemberg 22 (4): 774 (1990)
= Ophrys iricolor ssp. mesaritica C. & A.Alibertis, Orch. Kreta 79 (1989) [nom. prov.]
species :
Ophrys israelitica H.Baumann & Künkele; Mitt. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. Baden-Württemberg 20 (3): 612 (1988)
Distribution: Greece (Kyklades: Tinos, Andros, Paros, Naxos); Cyprus; Israel; Lebanon; Syria; S-Turkey
13 GRC 34 CYP ISR LEB SYR TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Bombyliflorae, sect. Omegaiferae. Pollinator Andrena (Zonandrena) flavipes
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys omegaifera ssp. israelitica (H.Baumann & Künkele) G. & K.Morschek, Orch. Cyprus: 126 (1996)
variant :
var. gharifensis (Addam & Bou-Hamdam) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 263 (2021)
Distribution: Lebanon
34 LEB
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys omegaifera ssp. gharifensis Addam & Bou-Hamdam, J. Ecol. Env. Sci. 7(2): 177 (2016)
species :
Ophrys istriensis S.Hertel, Paulus & Weyland; Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 33(1): 79 (2016)
Distribution: W-Croatia (Istria)
13 CRO
Remarks: Subgen. Fuciflorae, sect. Bornmuelleri.
species :
Ophrys kotschyi H.Fleischm. & Soó; Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin 9: 908 (1926)
Name: Kotschys Ragwurz
Distribution: Cyprus
34 CYP
Remarks: Subgen. Fuciflorae, sect. Umbilicatae. Not related to O. cretica but belongs in the umbilicata group
Conservation Status: IUCN V
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys cypria Renz, Fedde, Repert. 27: 202 (1929)
= Ophrys sintenisii ssp. kotschyi (H.Fleischm. & Soó) Soó, Bot. Arch. 23: 31 (1929)
species :
Ophrys lacaitae Lojac.; Fl. Sic. 3: 41 (1909)
Name: Lacaitas Ragwurz
Distribution: Sicily; C-Italy; Croatia (Vis)
13 CRO ITA SIC
Remarks: Subgen. Fuciflorae, sect. Fuciflorae, pollinator Eucera eucnemidea. Frequently included in O. holosericea
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys fuciflora ssp. lacaitae (Lojac.) Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 18 (3-4): 382 (1973)
= Ophrys fuciflora ssp. lacaitae (Lojac.) H.Sund., Europ. Medit. Orchid., ed. 3: 39 (1980)
= Ophrys holosericea ssp. lacaitae (Lojac.) W.Rossi, Inform. Bot. Ital. 13: 201 (1983)
= Ophrys oxyrrhynchos ssp. lacaitae (Lojac.) Del Prete, Webbia 37 (2): 252 (1984)
species :
Ophrys lesbis Gölz & H.R.Reinhard; Mitt. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. Baden-Württemberg 21 (1): 19 (1989)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl. (Lesvos, Samos); SW-Turkey
34 EAI TUR
Remarks: lesbis agg., pollinator Andrena curiosa. Of hybridogenous origin
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys argolica ssp. lesbis (Gölz & H.R.Reinhard) H.A.Pedersen & Faurh., Orchidee (Hamburg) 53(3): 345 (2002)
= Ophrys ferrum-equinum ssp. lesbis (Gölz & H.R.Reinhard) H.Baumann & Lorenz, Jour. Eur. Orch. 37(3): 721 (2005)
= Ophrys aegaea ssp. lesbis (Gölz & H.R.Reinhard) Biel & H.Kretzschmar
variant :
var. mandalyana (B. & H.Baumann) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 96(Orchid. 28): 17 (2015)
Distribution: SW-Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys ferrum-equinum ssp. mandalyana B. & H.Baumann, Jour. Eur. Orch. 37(4): 949 (2005)
= Ophrys lesbis f. mandalyana (B. & H.Baumann) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 89(Orchid. 21): 251 (2008)
= Ophrys ferrum-equinum ssp. mandalyana B. & H.Baumann, J. Eur. Orch. 37(4): 949 (2005)
= Ophrys argolica ssp. mandalyana (B. & H.Baumann) Kreutz, Orchidee (Hamburg) 57(1): 100 (2006)
species :
Ophrys lucis (Kalteisen & H.R.Reinhard) Paulus & Gack; Israel J. Bot. 39(1-2): 78 (1990)
Name: Rhodische Hufeisen-Ragwurz (DE); Rhodian Horseshoe Orchid (EN)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl. (Rhodos, Symi, Chalki, Tilos); S-Turkey; NW-Syria
34 EAI SYR TUR
Remarks: lesbis agg., pollinator Anthophora ?mucida
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys ferrum-equinum ssp. lucis (Kalteisen & H.R.Reinhard) H.Baumann & Lorenz, Jour. Eur. Orch. 37(3): 721 (2005)
= Ophrys argolica ssp. lucis (Kalteisen & H.R.Reinhard) H.A.Pedersen & Faurh., Orchidee (Hamburg) 53(3): 345 (2002)
= Ophrys aegaea ssp. lucis Kalteisen & H.R.Reinhard, Mitt. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. Baden-Württemberg 19 (4): 922 (1987)
variant :
var. atargatis (Kreutz) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 595 (2021)
Distribution: Syria
34 SYR
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys argolica ssp. atargatis Kreutz, Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 24(1): 97 (2007)
= Ophrys lesbis f. atargatis (Kreutz) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 89(Orchid. 21): 251 (2008)
= Ophrys atargatis (Kreutz) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 96(Orchid. 28): 16 (2015)
species :
Ophrys luminosa Kreutz, Shifman & M.H.Schot; Orchids Israel 231 (2021)
Distribution: Israel
34 ISR
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Ophrys lunulata Parl.; Giorn. Sc. Lett. Sicil. 62: 4 (1838)
Name: Halbmond-Ragwurz
Distribution: Sicily (incl. Isole Lipari); Malta; ?Croatia
13 MLT SIC
Remarks: lunulata-hybridogenous agg., pollinator Osmia kohli
Conservation Status: IUCN Ex (Sardegna, Malta), V (Sicilia)
Synonyms: hidden
= Arachnites lunulata (Parl.) Tod., Orch. Sicul. 77 (1842)
= Ophrys aranifera var. lunulata (Parl.) Rchb.fil., Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 13-14: 98 (1851)
= Ophrys aranifera ssp. lunulata (Parl.) E.G.Camus, Monogr. Orchid. 289 (1908)
= Ophrys sphegodes ssp. lunulata (Parl.) H.Sund., Eur. Medit. Orchid., ed. 3: 39 (1980)
species :
Ophrys lutea (Gouan) Cav.; Icon. Descr. 2: 46 (1793)
Name: Gelbe Ragwurz
Distribution: Malta (incl. Gozo Isl.); Sicily; Italy; +Corsica; Sardinia; Baleares; Spain; Gibraltar; Portugal; Albania; Greece; Crete; Cyprus; East Aegaean Isl.; Turkey; S-France; Algeria
12 BAL COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 ALB GRC ITA KRI MLT SIC 20 ALG 34 CYP EAI TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Bombyliflorae, sect. Luteae. Pollinator Andrena cinerea (Sardegna), Andrena senecionis
Synonyms: hidden
= Arachnites luteus (Cav.) Tod., Orch. Sicul. 95 (1842)
= Ophrys aranifera ssp. pseudospeculum (DC.) Corb., Nouv. Fl. Normandie 563 (1894)
= Ophrys aranifera var. flavescens M.Schulze, Die Orchid., Nachtr. Ber. 3 (1894)
= Ophrys aranifera var. flavescens St.-Lag., A. Cariot, Etude Fl., ed. 8, 2: 806 (1889)
= Ophrys aranifera var. pseudospeculum Rchb.fil., Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 13/14: 89 (1851)
= Ophrys galilaea H.Fleischm. & Bornm., Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien 36: 12 (1923)
= Ophrys glabra Pers., Syn. 2: 510 (1807)
= Ophrys insectifera var. glaberrima Desf., Fl. Atlant. 2: 321 (1799)
= Ophrys insectifera var. lutea Gouan, Fl. Monsp. 299 (1765)
= Ophrys lutea Biv., Sicul. Pl. Cent. 2: 41 (1807) [nom. illeg.]
= Ophrys lutea ssp. galilaea (H.Fleischm. & Bornm.) Soó, Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 9(89): 906 (1926)
= Ophrys lutea var. galilaea (H.Fleischm. & Bornm.) Hennecke, Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 33(1): 164 (2016)
= Ophrys lutea var. galilaea (H.Fleischm. & Bornm.) Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 16 (3-4): 390 (1970 publ. 1971) [nom. inval., without basionym ref.]
= Ophrys lutea var. grandiflora A.Terracc., Bull. Soc. Bot. Ital. 1910: 29 (1910)
= Ophrys minor ssp. galilaea (H.Fleischm. & Bornm.) Paulus & Gack, Jahresber. Naturwiss. Ver. Wuppertal 39: 66 (1986), et Jahresber. Naturwiss. Ver. Wuppertal 43: 106 (1990)
= Ophrys sicula ssp. galilaea (H.Fleischm. & Bornm.) Paulus & Gack, Jahresber. Naturwiss. Vereins Wuppertal 43: 106 (1990)
= Ophrys speculum Steud., Nom. ed. II, 2: 219 (1841), nom. inval.
= Ophrys sphegodes ssp. pseudospeculum (Schinz & Thell.) Braun-Blanq., Cat. Fl. Aigoual 100 (1933), isonym
= Ophrys sphegodes ssp. pseudospeculum (Schinz & Thell.) Kelh., Fl. Kant. Schaffhausen: 74 (1920)
= Ophrys sphegodes var. pseudospeculum Schinz & Thell., Fl. Schweiz ed. 3, 2: 72 (1914)
= Ophrys vespifera Brot., Fl. Lusit. 1: 24 (1800 publ. 1804)
= Ophrys vespifera Willd., Sp. Pl. 4: 65 (1805) [nom. superfl.]
variant :
var. speculissima F.M.Vázquez; J. Eur. Orch. 40(4): 706 (2008)
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys lutea f. speculissima (F.M.Vázquez) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 96(Orchid. 28): 17 (2015)
species :
Ophrys mammosa Desf.; Ann. Mus. Par. 10: 222. t. 12 (1807)
subspecies :
subsp. mammosa
Name: Busen-Ragwurz (DE); Bosom Orchid (EN)
Distribution: Albania; Macedonia; S-Croatia; Greece (widespread, incl. Kyklades); East Aegaean Isl. (Samos, Thasos, Paros, Rhodos, Pserimos, etc.); W-Turkey; SW-Turkey; S-Turkey; Cyprus
13 ALB CRO GRC NMA 34 CYP EAI TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Fuciflorae, sect. Araniferae
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys aegilica Engelen, Fl. Medit. 30: 281, figs. 2-3, 6-7 (2020) (tentative synonym)
= Ophrys albanica Presser, Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 32(2): 122 (2016)
= Ophrys aranifera f. oodicheila Renz, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 25: 248 (1928)
= Ophrys aranifera ssp. mammosa (Desf.) Soó, Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 9(88): 907 (1926)
= Ophrys aranifera ssp. parnassica (Vierh.) Soó, Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 9: 907 (1926)
= Ophrys aranifera var. mammosa (Desf.) Rchb.fil., Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 13-14: 89 (1851)
= Ophrys chaonica P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 96(Orchid. 28): 17 (2015), nom. nov.
= Ophrys ciliciana (Kreutz) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 96(Orchid. 28): 17 (2015)
= Ophrys cretensis ssp. samica A.Alibertis, J. Eur. Orch. 43(4): 753-758 (2011)
= Ophrys eretriae M.Hirth & Paulus, J. Eur. Orch. 52(1): 133 (2020)
= Ophrys gortynia (Baumann & Künkele) Paulus, Mitt. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. Baden-Württemberg 20 (4): 855 (1988)
= Ophrys grammica (B.Willing & E.Willing) Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers, Nat. Belg. 72 (3): 101 (1991)
= Ophrys grammica ssp. knossia A.Alibertis, Orchidophile (Asnières) 191: 285 (fig. 1) (2011)
= Ophrys hansreinhardii M.Hirth, Jour. Eur. Orch. 39(3/4): 474 (2007)
= Ophrys hebes (Kalopissis) B. & E.Willing, Orchidee 31 (4): 159 (1980)
= Ophrys hebes var. negadensis (G.Thiele & W.Thiele) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 97 (2004)
= Ophrys herae f. janrenzii (M.Hirth) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 89(Orchid. 21): 251 (2008)
= Ophrys herae M.Hirth & H.Spaeth, Mitt. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. Baden-Württemberg 24 (1): 6, 3 (1992)
= Ophrys herae ssp. janrenzii (M.Hirth) M.Hirth, J. Eur. Orch. 37(1): 176 (2005)
= Ophrys herae ssp. osmaniaca Kreutz, Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 28(2): 279 (2011)
= Ophrys hystera Kreutz & Ruedi Peter, J. Eur. Orchid. 30 (1): 128 (prepr. 30 Sept. 1997) [nom. nov. superfl.]
= Ophrys janrenzii M.Hirth, Jahresber. Naturwiss. Vereins Wuppertal 55: 171 (2002)
= Ophrys knossia (A.Alibertis) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 93(Orchid. 25): 242 (2012)
= Ophrys leucophthalma Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers, Nat. Belg. 75 ("Orchidees" no. 7, suppl.): 380 (1994) [fide Kretzschmar 2002]
= Ophrys mammosa f. parnassica Vierh., Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 69: 297 (1919) [nom. nud.]
= Ophrys mammosa ssp. ciliciana Kreutz, Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 30(2): 275 (2013)
= Ophrys mammosa ssp. gortynia (H.Baumann & Künkele) H.Baumann & Lorenz, Jour. Eur. Orch. 37(3): 726 (2005)
= Ophrys mammosa ssp. grammica B. & E.Willing, Mitt. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. Baden-Württemberg 17 (4): 523 (1985)
= Ophrys mammosa ssp. janrenzii (M.Hirth) Kreutz, Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 24(1): 177 (2007)
= Ophrys mammosa ssp. leucophthalma (Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 107 (2004)
= Ophrys mammosa ssp. parviflora Kreutz & H.Heitz, Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 29(2): 149 (2013)
= Ophrys mammosa ssp. posteria B. & H.Baumann, Jour. Eur. Orch. 37(3): 725 (2005)
= Ophrys mammosa ssp. serotina B. & E.Willing, Mitt. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. Baden-Württemberg 17 (4): 525 (1985)
= Ophrys mammosa ssp. ustulata G.Thiele & W.Thiele, J. Eur. Orch. 39: 279 (2007)
= Ophrys montenegrina (H.Baumann & Künkele) Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers, Nat. Belg. 72 (3): 101 (1991)
= Ophrys negadensis G. & W.Thiele, Journ. Eur. Orchid. 33 (3): 897 (2001)
= Ophrys osmaniaca (Kreutz) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 96(Orchid. 28): 18 (2015)
= Ophrys paphlagonica (Kreutz) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 96(Orchid. 28): 18 (2015)
= Ophrys posteria (B. & H.Baumann) Devillers & Devillers-Tersch., Naturalistes Belges 93(Orchid. 25): 162 (2012)
= Ophrys prespaensis M.Hirth & Paulus, J. Eur. Orch. 49(2): 284 (2017)
= Ophrys sphegodes ssp. gortynia H.Baumann & Künkele, Mitt. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. Baden-Württemberg 18 (3): 377 (1986)
= Ophrys sphegodes ssp. grammica (B.Willing & E.Willing) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 116 (2004)
= Ophrys sphegodes ssp. hebes Kalopissis, Sci. Ann. Forest Univ. 133 (1975)
= Ophrys sphegodes ssp. herae (M.Hirth & H.Spaeth) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 116 (2004)
= Ophrys sphegodes ssp. janrenzii (M.Hirth) Kreutz, Orchidee (Hamburg) 57(1): 101 (2006)
= Ophrys sphegodes ssp. mammosa (Desf.) Soó ex E.Nelson, Gestaltwandel 184 (1962)
= Ophrys sphegodes ssp. montenegrina H.Baumann & Künkele, Mitt. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. Baden-Württemberg 20 (3): 623 (1988)
= Ophrys sphegodes ssp. oodicheila (Renz) Riech., Jour. Eur. Orch. 36(2): 533 (2004)
= Ophrys sphegodes ssp. parnassica (Vierh.) Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 5: 444 (1959) ex J. J. Wood, Orchidee 31 (6): 233 (1980)
= Ophrys taigetica Presser & S.Hertel, Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 27(1): 160 (2010) [tentative synonym]
= Ophrys transhyrcana ssp. paphlagonica Kreutz, Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 24(1): 119 (2007)
= Ophrys ustulata (G.Thiele & W.Thiele) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 96(Orchid. 28): 19 (2015)
= Ophrys willingii Paulus & M.Hirth, J. Eur. Orch. 49(2): 270 (2017)
= Ophrys ×montana H.Baumann & Künkele, Mitt. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. Baden-Württemberg 18 (3): 474 (1986)
= Ophrys ×zagoriana G. & W.Thiele, Jour. Eur. Orch. 34 (3): 642 (2002)
variant :
var. cretensis (H.Baumann & Künkele) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 389 (2021)
Distribution: Crete; Greece (Kyklades)
13 GRC KRI
Remarks: Pollinator Andrena vachali
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys araneola ssp. cretensis (H.Baumann & Künkele) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 84 (2004)
= Ophrys sphegodes ssp. cretensis H.Baumann & Künkele, Mitt. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. Baden-Württemberg 18 (3): 375 (1986)
= Ophrys cretensis (Baumann & Künkele) Paulus, Mitt. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. Baden-Württemberg 20 (4): 855 (1988)
variant :
var. doerfleri (H.Fleischm.) comb.ined.
Distribution: Crete
13 KRI
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys doerfleri H.Fleischm., Österr. Bot. Zeitschr. 74: 185 (1925)
= Ophrys mammosa f. falsomammosa (B. & H.Baumann) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 89(Orchid. 21): 251 (2008)
= Ophrys mammosa ssp. falsomammosa B. & H.Baumann, Jour. Eur. Orch. 37(3): 725 (2005)
subspecies :
subsp. cyclocheila (Aver.) Baumann et al.; Jour. Eur. Orch. 35(1): 172 (2003)
Distribution: Azerbaijan; Northern Caucasus; Crimea; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; NE-Turkey
14 KRY 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys araneifera var. cyclocheila (Nevski) Soó, Monogr. Iconogr. Orchid. Eur. 2: 388 (1938) [nom. inval.]
= Ophrys aranifera ssp. caucasica (Woronow) Soó, Monogr. Iconogr. Orchid. Eur. 2: 388 (1938)
= Ophrys aranifera ssp. taurica (Aggeenko) K.Richt., Pl. Eur. 1: 263 (1890)
= Ophrys aranifera var. taurica Aggeenko, Schrift. St. Peters. Naturf. Ges. 291 (1886-87)
= Ophrys caucasica f. cyclocheila Nevski, Fl. URSS 4: 728 (1935) [nom. inval., descr. ross.]
= Ophrys caucasica ssp. cyclocheila Aver., Bot. Zhurn.79 (10): 124 (1994), et Ber. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. 11 (2): 36 (1994 publ. 1995)
= Ophrys caucasica var. cyclocheila Nevski ex Grossh., Fl. Kavk. 2: 231 (1940) [nom. inval.]
= Ophrys caucasica Woronow, Act. Hort. Tiflis 8: III. 70 (1908) ex Grossh., Fl. Kavkaza 1: 261 (1928)
= Ophrys cyclocheila (Aver.) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 85 (Orchid. 17): 252 (2004)
= Ophrys cyclocheila Nevski ex Nevski, Fl. URSS 4: 728 (1935) [nom. inval., pro syn.
= Ophrys mammosa ssp. caucasica (Woronow ex Grossh.) Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 18 (3-4): 383 (1973)
= Ophrys mammosa ssp. taurica (Aggeenko) Soó, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 85: 446 (1974)
= Ophrys sphegodes f. cyclocheila (Nevski) Soó, Ann. Univ. Scient. Budapest 11: 172 (1969) [nom. inval.]
= Ophrys sphegodes ssp. caucasica (Woronow ex Grossh.) Soó, Ann. Univ. Sci. Budap., Sect. Biol. 11: 72 (1969)
= Ophrys sphegodes ssp. taurica (Aggeenko) Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 16(3/4): 383 (1970) ex Niketic & Djordjevic, Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. Belgrade 11: 106 (2018)
= Ophrys taurica (Agg.) Nevski, Komarov, Fl. URSS 4: 728 (1935)
subspecies :
subsp. mouterdeana B. & H.Baumann; Jour. Eur. Orch. 37(2): 263, 264 (2005)
Distribution: Lebanon; Israel; Jordania; Syria
34 ISR JOR LEB SYR
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys transhyrcana ssp. mouterdeana (B. & H.Baumann) Kreutz, Eurorchis 17: 110 (2005)
= Ophrys mouterdeana (B. & H.Baumann) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 96(Orchid. 28): 18 (2015)
= Ophrys doerfleri ssp. mouterdeana (B. & H.Baumann) Paulus & M.Hirth, J. Eur. Orch. 49(2): 253 (2017)
species :
Ophrys mavrochila S.Hertel & Presser; Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 35(1): 141 (2018)
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Ophrys melitensis (Salk.) Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers; Nat. Belg. 75 ("Orchidees" no. 7, suppl.): 380 (1994)
Distribution: Malta (incl. Gozo, Comino Isl.)
13 MLT
Remarks: lunulata-hybridogenous agg., pollinator Chalicodoma sicula
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys sphegodes ssp. melitensis Salk., Mitt. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. Baden-Württemberg 24 (4): 633, 640 (1992)
species :
Ophrys mirabilis Geniez & Melki; L´Orchidophile 98: 164, 162 (1991)
Distribution: Sicily; Algeria; +Tunisia
13 SIC 20 ALG TUN
Remarks: Subgen. Bombyliflorae, sect. Omegaiferae
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys atlantica ssp. hayekii (H.Fleischm. & Soó) Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 5: 440 (1959)
= Ophrys fusca ssp. hayekii H.Fleischm. & Soó, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 24: 26 (1927)
= Ophrys hayekii H.Fleischm. & Soó, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 24: 26 (1927 publ. 1928) [nom. nud.]
= Ophrys omegaifera ssp. hayekii (H.Fleischm. & Soó) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 111 (2004)
species :
Ophrys morisii (Martelli) Cif. & Giacom.; Nomencl. Fl. Ital. 1: 157 (1950)
Name: Moris´ Ragwurz
Distribution: Sardinia; Corsica
12 COR SAR
Remarks: Subgen. Fuciflorae, sect. Araniferae. Pollinator Anthophora sicheli. Of hybridogenous origin, triploid
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys morisii (Martelli) G.Keller & Soó, Monogr. Iconogr. Orchid. Eur. 2(2-3): 42 (1931)
= Ophrys aranifera var. morisii Martelli, Fl. Italia 1: 232 (1896)
= Ophrys exaltata ssp. morisii (Martelli) Del Prete, Webbia 37: 251 (1984)
= Ophrys argolica ssp. morisii (Martelli) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 86 (2004)
= Ophrys sphegodes ssp. morisii (Martelli) Del Prete, Webbia 37 (2): 251 (1984)
= Ophrys crabronifera ssp. morisii (Martelli) H.Baumann & Lorenz, Jour. Eur. Orch. 37(3): 719 (2005)
species :
Ophrys murbeckii H.Fleischm.; Österr. Bot. Zeitschr. 74: 183 (1925)
Distribution: Algeria; Tunisia
20 ALG TUN
Remarks: Subgen. Bombyliflorae, sect. Luteae
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys galilaea ssp. murbeckii (H.Fleischm.) Del Prete, Webbia 38: 213 (1984)
= Ophrys lutea ssp. murbeckii (H.Fleischm.) Soó, Fedde, Repert. 24: 25 (1927)
variant :
var. aspea (Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 204 (2021)
Distribution: Tunisia (Cap Bon); Libya
20 LBY TUN
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys fusca ssp. aspea (Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers) Kreutz, Orchidee (Hamburg) 57(1): 102 (2006)
= Ophrys aspea Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers, Nat. Belg. 81 (3): 297 (2000)
= Ophrys lutea ssp. aspea (Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers) Faurh., Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 20(1): 83 (2003), comb. inval.
= Ophrys lutea ssp. aspea (Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers) Faurh., J. Eur. Orch. 41(1): 194 (2009)
variant :
var. quarteirae (Kreutz, M.R.Lowe & Wucherpf.) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 205 (2021)
Distribution: SC-Spain; S-Spain (Algarve); S-Portugal; ?Baleares
12 POR SPA
Remarks: pollinator Andrena cf. vetula (Paulus 2014)
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys murbeckii ssp. quarteirae (Kreutz, M.R.Lowe & Wucherpf.) M.R.Lowe, J. Eur. Orch. 43(3): 462 (2011)
= Ophrys lutea var. quarteirae (Kreutz, M.R.Lowe & Wucherpf.) F.M.Vázquez, J. Eur. Orch. 40(4): 711 (2008)
= Ophrys lutea ssp. quarteirae Kreutz, M.R.Lowe & Wucherpf., Jour. Eur. Orch. 39(3/4): 627 (2007)
= Ophrys quarteirae (Kreutz, M.R.Lowe & Wucherpf.) Devillers & Devillers-Tersch., Naturalistes Belges 94(Orchid. 26): 159 (2013)
species :
Ophrys omegaifera H.Fleischm.; Österr. Bot. Zeitschr. 74: 184 (1925)
Name: Omega-Ragwurz (DE); Omega Bee Orchid (EN)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl. (widespread, including Samos, Chios, Rhodos, Karpathos, Chalki, Kastellorizo, Pserimos, Tilos, Nisyros); Crete; Greece (Kyklades); SW-Turkey; Jordania
13 GRC KRI 34 EAI JOR TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Bombyliflorae, sect. Omegaiferae. Pollinator Andrena flavipes, A. hesperia, A. pela, Anthophora atroalba, Anthophora nigriceps
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys apollonae Paulus & M.Hirth, Journ. Eur. Orch. 41(3/4): 647 (2009)
= Ophrys fusca f. omegaifera (H.Fleischm.) Renz, K. H. Rechinger, Fl. Aegaea 817 (1943)
= Ophrys fusca ssp. omegaifera (H.Fleischm.) E.Nelson, Gestaltwandel 209 (1962)
= Ophrys iricolora f. omegaifera (H.Fleischm.) Renz, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 30: 110 (1932)
= Ophrys lutea ssp. omegaifera (H.Fleischm.) Soó, Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 9(89): 906 (1926)
= Ophrys omegaifera ssp. gharifensis Addam & Bou-Hamdan, Journal of Botanical Research 4(1): 25 (2013)
= Ophrys polycratis P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 89(Orchid. 21): 205 (2008)
= Ophrys scyria P.Delforge & Onckelinx, Naturalistes Belges 94(Orchid. 26): 238 (2013) (tentative synonym)
species :
Ophrys oxyrrhynchos Tod.; Imparziale Giorn. Sc. Lett. Art. (1840) 74
Name: Schnabel-Ragwurz
Distribution: Sicily; Malta; S-Italy
13 ITA MLT SIC
Remarks: Subgen. Fuciflorae, sect. Fuciflorae
Synonyms: hidden
= Arachnites oxyrrhynchos (Tod.) Tod., Orchid. Sic. 81 (1842) [nom. illeg.]
= Ophrys arachnites ssp. oxyrrhynchos (Tod.) Arcang., Comp. Fl. Ital. ed. 1: 661 (1882)
= Ophrys arachnites ssp. oxyrrhynchos (Tod.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur. 697 (1882)
= Ophrys fuciflora ssp. oxyrrhynchos (Tod.) Soó, Fedde, Repert. 24: 26 (1927)
= Ophrys holosericea ssp. oxyrrhynchos (Tod.) H.Sund., Taxon 24 (5-6): 625 (1975)
= Ophrys nicotrae Zodda, Malpighia 14: 183 (1900)
= Ophrys oxyrrhynchos ssp. ingrassiae Dura, Turco, Gennaio & Medagli, GIROS Notiz. 46: 37 (-39) (2011)
species :
Ophrys palaestinae Kreutz & Shifman; Orchids Israel 287 (2021)
Distribution: Israel
34 ISR
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Ophrys pallida Raf.; Caratt. 87 (1810)
Name: Bleiche Ragwurz
Distribution: W-Sicily; Malta; Tunisia; E-Algeria
13 MLT SIC 20 ALG TUN
Remarks: Subgen. Bombyliflorae, sect. Pallidae. Pollinator Andrena orbitalis. A morphologically very distinct taxon
Synonyms: hidden
= Arachnites pallidus (Raf.) Tod., Orch. Sicul. 100 (1842)
= Ophrys fusca ssp. pallida (Raf.) E.G.Camus, Icon. Orch. Eur. 293 (1842)
= Ophrys fusca var. pallida (Raf.) Rchb.fil., Rchb., Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 13-14: 73, 75 (1851)
= Ophrys rosea (Desf.) Dufour, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 7: 170 (1860)
= Ophrys rosea (Desf.) G.Samp., Terc. Apend. Lista Espec. Herb. Portug. 5 (1914), isonym
= Ophrys rosea (Desf.) Boiss., Fl. Orient. 5: 77 (1884)
= Ophrys fusca ssp. pectus (Mutel) Kreutz, Eurorchis 17: 108 (2005)
= Ophrys pectus Mutel, Ann. Sc. Nat. Ser. 2, 3: 242 (1835)
= Ophrys intermedia Tineo ex Lojac., Fl. Sic. 3: 45 (1909)
species :
Ophrys parvimaculata (O.Danesch & E.Danesch) Paulus & Gack; Israel J. Bot. 39(1-2): 78 (1990)
Distribution: C-Italy; SE-Italy (Mte. Gargano to Lecce); Croatia (Istria: Bale, Rovinj)
13 CRO ITA
Remarks: Subgen. Fuciflorae, sect. Bornmuelleri. Pollinator Eucera nigrescens
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys holoserica ssp. parvimaculata (O.Danesch & E.Danesch) O.Danesch & E.Danesch, Pl. Syst. Evol. 124 (2): 129 (1975)
= Ophrys fuciflora ssp. parvimaculata O.Danesch & E.Danesch, Die Orchidee 21(1): 21 (1970)
= Ophrys peucetiae Lozito, D´Emerico, Medagli & Turco, GIROS Notiz. 2: 6 (2012)
species :
Ophrys passionis Sennen; Pl. Espagne no. 5881 (1926) et Treb. Mus. Cienc. Nat. Barcelona, 15: Ser. Bot. No. 1, 35 (1931) ex Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers, Nat. Belg. 75 ("Orchidees" no. 7, suppl.): 379 (1994)
Distribution: S-France; ?NW-Italy; NE-Spain
12 FRA SPA
Remarks: Subgen. Fuciflorae, sect. Araniferae
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys arachnitiformis var. passionis (Sennen) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 87(Orchid. 19): 260 (2006)
= Ophrys garganica ssp. passionis (Sennen ex Devillers & Devillers-Tersch.) Paulus & Gack, Journ. Eur. Orchid. 31 (2), 375 (1999)
variant :
var. castri-caesaris (Looken) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 363 (2021)
Distribution: SE-France (Alpes Maritimes); NW-Italy (Liguria)
12 FRA 13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys garganica ssp. castri-caesaris (Looken) Kreutz, Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 24(1): 171 (2007)
= Ophrys incubacea ssp. castri-caesaris Van Looken, Liparis 11: 58 (2005)
= Ophrys passionis ssp. castri-caesaris (Van Looken) Kreutz, Eurorchis 17: 109 (2005)
= Ophrys ligustica Romolini & Soca, J. Eur. Orch. 43(4): 773-774 (2011), nom. nov. superfl.
variant :
var. garganica (E.Nelson ex O.Danesch & E.Danesch) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 85 (Orchid. 17): 252 (2004)
Name: Gargano-Ragwurz
Distribution: C-Italy; S-Italy; Sicily; Sardinia; Croatia (Korcula Isl.)
12 SAR 13 CRO ITA SIC
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys garganica E.Nelson ex O.Danesch & E.Danesch, Pl. Syst. Evol. 124: 94 (1975)
= Ophrys garganica E.Nelson, Monogr. Ophrys 195 (1962)
= Ophrys incubacea ssp. garganica (E.Nelson ex O.Danesch & E.Danesch) Galesi, Cristaudo & Maugeri, J. Eur. Orchideen 36(2): 505 (2004)
= Ophrys passionis ssp. garganica (E.Nelson ex O.Danesch & E.Danesch) Kreutz, Eurorchis 17: 109 (2005)
= Ophrys passionis ssp. garganica E.Nelson ex H.Baumann & Lorenz, Jour. Eur. Orch. 37(3): 727 (2005)
= Ophrys sphegodes ssp. garganica E.Nelson, Monogr. Ophrys 195 (1962) [nom. nud.]
variant :
var. majellensis (Herm.Daiss & Helga Daiss) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 364 (2021)
Distribution: C-Italy
13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys sphegodes ssp. majellensis Herm.Daiss & Helga Daiss, J. Eur. Orch. 28: 614 (1996 publ. 1997)
= Ophrys garganica ssp. majellensis (Helga Daiss & Herm.Daiss) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 96 (2004)
= Ophrys majellensis (Herm.Daiss & Helga Daiss) P.Delforge, Nat. Belg. 79 (3): 104 (1998)
= Ophrys passionis ssp. majellensis (Helga Daiss & Herm.Daiss) Kreutz, Eurorchis 17: 109 (2005), isonym
= Ophrys passionis ssp. majellensis (Herm.Daiss & Helga Daiss) Romolini & Soca, Caesiana 15: 23 (2000)
variant :
var. pseudoatrata (S.Hertel & Presser) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 364 (2021)
Distribution: Italy (Basilicata, Potenza)
13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys garganica ssp. pseudoatrata (S.Hertel & Presser) Kreutz, Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 24(1): 172 (2007)
= Ophrys passionis ssp. pseudoatrata (S.Hertel & Presser) Biagioli & Grünanger, GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 58: 6 (2015)
= Ophrys pseudoatrata S.Hertel & Presser, J. Eur. Orch. 38(3): 516 (2006)
species :
Ophrys phryganae Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers; Nat. Belg. 72 (3): 100 (1991)
Name: Phrygana-Ragwurz (DE); Phrygana Bee Orchid (EN)
Distribution: Crete (sensu stricto); Greece; S-Italy; East Aegaean Isl. (Karpathos, Rhodos); ?Croatia; S-France (Cevennes); Sardinia
12 FRA SAR 13 GRC ITA KRI 34 EAI
Remarks: Subgen. Bombyliflorae, sect. Luteae. Of hybridogenous origin O. lutea x O. sicula
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys lutea ssp. phryganae (Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers) Melki, Cah. Soc. Fr. Orch. 6 (14e Colloque Peris 1999): 51 (2000)
variant :
var. ambrae (Soca) Hennecke; GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 62(1): 61 (2019)
Distribution: Sicily
13 SIC
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys ×ambrae Soca, Caesiana 47: 48 (2017)
variant :
var. barbarae (Gennaio) Hennecke; GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 62(1): 60 (2019)
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys ×barbarae Gennaio, GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 60(2): 422 (2017)
variant :
var. corsica (Soleirol ex G. & W.Foelsche) Hennecke; GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 60(2): 270 (2017)
Distribution: Corsica; Sardinia; ?Malta; ?S-France
12 COR SAR
Remarks: pollinator Andrena cinerea (Paulus 2014)
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys corsica Soleirol ex G. & W.Foelsche, J. Eur. Orch. 34(4): 823-885 (2002)
= Ophrys lutea ssp. corsica (Soleirol ex G.Foelsche & W.Foelsche) Kreutz, Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 24(1): 176 (2007)
variant :
var. hellenica (Devillers & Devillers-Tersch.) Hennecke; GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 60(2): 270 (2017)
Distribution: Greece (Kefallonia, Attika, Epirus, Ionian Isl.); S-Italy; Sicily; N-Algeria
13 GRC ITA SIC 20 ALG
Remarks: pollinator Andrena nigroolivacea (Paulus 2014)
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys hellenica Devillers & Devillers-Tersch., Naturalistes Belges 94(Orchid. 26): 158 (2013)
species :
Ophrys promontorii O.Danesch & E.Danesch; Orchidee 22 (6): 258 (1971)
Distribution: EC-Italy (Mte. Gargano, Abruzzi)
13 ITA
Remarks: lunulata-hybridogenous agg., pollinator Osmia mustelina
species :
Ophrys regis-ferdinandii (Acht. & Kellerer ex Kuzmanov) Buttler; Jahresber. Naturwiss. Ver. Wuppertal 36: 47 (1983)
Name: König-Ferdinand-Ragwurz (DE); King Ferdinands Bee Orchid (EN)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl. (Rhodos, Symi, Tilos, Samos, Chios, Chalki, Pserimos); SW-Turkey
34 EAI TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Bombyliflorae, sect. Speculum. Pollinator Argogorytes fargeii
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys ciliata ssp. regis-ferdinandii (Acht. & Kellerer ex Renz) H.Baumann, Künkele & R.Lorenz, J. Eur. Orchideen 36(2): 572 (2004)
= Ophrys speculum f. regis-ferdinandii Acht. & Kellerer ex Renz, Denkschr. Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math. Nat. Cl. 105, 1: 819 (1943)
= Ophrys speculum ssp. regis-ferdinandii (Acht. & Kellerer ex Renz) Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 16(3-4): 390 (1971)
= Ophrys speculum ssp. regis-ferdinandii Acht. & Kellerer, Izv. Carsk. Prirod. Inst. Sofija 12: 206 (1939) [nom. inval.]
= Ophrys speculum ssp. regis-ferdinandii-coburgii (Acht. & Kellerer ex Renz) Acht. & Kellerer ex Kuzmanov, Fragm. Flor. Geobot. 17(2): 194 (1971)
= Ophrys speculum var. regis-ferdinandii (Acht. & Kellerer ex Renz) Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 5: 439 (1959)
= Ophrys vernixia ssp. regis-ferdinandii (Acht. & Kellerer ex Kuzmanov) Renz & Taubenheim, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 41 (2): 277 (1983)
species :
Ophrys reinholdii Spruner ex H.Fleischm.; Österr. Bot. Zeitschr. 57: 5, 74 (1908)
subspecies :
subsp. reinholdii
Name: Reinholds Ragwurz (DE); Reinholds Bee Orchid (EN)
Distribution: Macedonia; Albania; W-Greece; S-Greece (incl. Kyklades); NW-Greece (Ionian Isl.: Korfu); East Aegaean Isl. (Samos, Naxos, Lesvos, Nisyros, Tilos, etc., Rhodos); SW-Turkey; Iraq
13 ALB GRC NMA 34 EAI IRQ TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Fuciflorae, sect. Araniferae. Pollinator Eupavlovskia obscura
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys spruneri var. reinholdii (Spruner ex Fleischm.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur. 698 (1882)
= Ophrys naxensis Rech., Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien 43: 333 (1929) [nomen]
= Ophrys reinholdii f. albovirescens B. & E.Willing, L´Orchidophile 72: 1099 (1986)
= Ophrys reinhardiorum Paulus, Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 25(1): 19 (2008) (tentative synonym)
subspecies :
subsp. leucotaenia Renz & Taubenheim; Orchidee 31 (6): 238 (1980)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia); Iraq; Iran
34 IRN IRQ TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys straussii var. leucotaenia (Renz & Taubenheim) R.Peter, Mitt. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. Baden-Württemberg 24 (4): 575 (1992)
= Ophrys straussii f. leucotaenia (Renz & Taubenheim) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 90(Orchid.22): 327 (2009)
= Ophrys bingoelensis Yild. & Kiliç, Ot Sist. Bot. Dergisi 26(2): 40 (2019)
subspecies :
subsp. straussii (H.Fleischm. & Bornm.) E.Nelson; Monogr. Ophrys 149 (1962)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia); N-Iraq; Iran
34 IRN IRQ TUR
Conservation Status: IUCN E
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys mimnolea O.Schwarz, Fedde, Repert. 36: 78 (1934)
= Ophrys straussii H.Fleischm., Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 33(2): 204 (1915)
= Ophrys straussii H.Fleischm. & Bornm., Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien 36: 13 (1923)
species :
Ophrys rhodia (H.Baumann & Künkele) P.Delforge; Nat. Belg. 71 (3): 125 (1990)
Name: Rhodische Nabel-Ragwurz (DE); Rhodian Woodcock Orchid (EN)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl. (Rhodos, Karpathos, Chalki, Tilos); ?Cyprus; Israel
34 EAI ISR
Remarks: Subgen. Fuciflorae, sect. Umbilicatae
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys attica ssp. rhodia (H.Baumann & Künkele) Shifman, J. Eur. Orch. 43(2): 422 (2011)
= Ophrys carmeli ssp. rhodia (H.Baumann & Künkele) Shifman, Wild Orchids Israel 174 (2019)
= Ophrys scolopax ssp. rhodia (H.Baumann & Künkele) H.A.Pedersen & Faurh., Orchidee 48 (6): 235 (1997)
= Ophrys umbilicata ssp. rhodia H.Baumann & Künkele, Mitt. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. Baden-Württemberg 18 (3): 388 (1986)
species :
Ophrys schulzei Bornm. & H.Fleischm.; Mitt. Thüring. Bot. Ver. n. s. 28: 60 (1911)
Name: Schulzes Ragwurz
Distribution: Syria; Northern Caucasus; SE-Turkey (Diyarbakir, Hatay); Iran; Iraq; Lebanon
33 NCS 34 IRN IRQ LEB SYR TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Fuciflorae, sect. Apiferae
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys luristanica Renz, Orchidee 24 (2): 47 (1973)
= Ophrys schulzei ssp. kurdica Fleischm., Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 33(2): 204 (1915) [nom. inval.]
species :
Ophrys scolopax Cav.; Icon. Descr. 2: 46 (1793)
Name: Schnepfen-Ragwurz
Distribution: Spain; France; Portugal; Baleares; Algeria; Germany [I]
11 ger 12 BAL FRA POR SPA 20 ALG
Remarks: Subgen. Fuciflorae, sect. Fuciflorae, pollinator Eucera nigrescens and E. interrupta
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys arachnites var. scolopax (Cav.) Fiori & Paol., Fl. Anal. Italia 1: 235 (1898)
= Ophrys asilifera Vayr., Anal. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 9: 98 (1880)
= Ophrys aurita Brot., Phyt. Lusit. 2: 34, t. 91. f. II. (1827)
= Ophrys bullata Cirillo ex Steud., Nom. ed. II, 2: 219 (1841)
= Ophrys fuciflora ssp. scolopax (Cav.) H.Sund., Europ. Medit. Orchid., ed. 3: 39 (1980)
= Ophrys holosericea ssp. scolopax (Cav.) H.Sund., Taxon 24 (5-6): 625 (1975)
= Ophrys sancti-martinii Duffort, Soó, Monogr. Iconogr. Orchid. Eur. 2: 62 (1931)
= Ophrys scolopax f. carbajoi (F.M.Vázquez) Hervás, De Bellard, Calzado, J.C.Huertas, Reyes Carr. & Ruíz Cano, Micobot. Jaén 14(1): [26] (2019)
= Ophrys scolopax f. minuta De Bellard, Calzado, Hervás, J.C.Huertas, Reyes Carr. & Ruíz Cano, Micobot. Jaén 14(1): [26] (2019)
= Ophrys scolopax ssp. vetula (Risso) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 114 (2004)
= Ophrys scolopax var. granatensis Amo, Fl. Fan. Penins. Iberica 1: 469 (1871)
= Ophrys scolopax var. honckensis E.G.Camus, Actes Congr. Int. Bot., Paris 342 (1900)
= Ophrys scolopax var. sepalina F.M.Vázquez, Folia Bot. Extremadur. 3: 306 (2009)
= Ophrys vetula Risso, Fl. Nice 464 (1844)
variant :
var. atropos Barla; Fl. Illus. Nice, Orchid. 71 (1868)
Distribution: SE-France; ?NW-Italy
12 FRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys atropos (Barla) B.D.Jacks., Index Kew 2: 354 (1894)
variant :
var. beirana (D.Tyteca, J.Pessoa & Luísa Borges) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 514 (2021)
Distribution: Portugal
12 POR
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys beirana D.Tyteca, J.Pessoa & Luísa Borges, J. Eur. Orch. 52(2-4): 339 (2020)
variant :
var. chlorosepala (Thell.) Hervás, De Bellard, Calzado, J.C.Huertas, Reyes Carr. & Ruíz Cano; Micobot. Jaén 14(1): [26] (2019)
Distribution:
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys scolopax f. chlorosepala Thell., Allg. Bot. Z. Syst. 20: 61 (1914)
variant :
var. conradiae (Melki & Deschâtres) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 514 (2021)
Distribution: Corsica
12 COR
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys scolopax ssp. conradiae (Melki & Deschâtres) H.Baumann, Giotta, R.Lorenz, Künkele & Piccitto, J. Eur. Orchid. 27 (2): 220 (1995)
= Ophrys conradiae Melki & Deschâtres, L´Orchidophile 107: 104 (1993)
variant :
var. corbariensis (J.Samuel & J.-M.Lewin) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 514 (2021)
Distribution: France (Aude, E-Corbieres)
12 FRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys scolopax ssp. corbariensis (J.Samuel & J.-M.Lewin) Kreutz, Eurorchis 17: 109 (2005)
= Ophrys corbariensis J.Samuel & J.-M.Lewin, Orchidophile (Asnieres) 154: 254, 251 (2002)
variant :
var. jugurtha (R.Martin & Ouni) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 515 (2021)
Distribution: France
12 FRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys scolopax ssp. jugurtha R.Martin & Ouni, Bull. Gr. Rhone-Alpes S.F.O. no. 36: 65 (2017)
variant :
var. picta (Link) Rchb.fil.; Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 13/14: 98-101 (1851)
Distribution: Spain; Portugal; France; Sardinia; Pantelleria Isl.; Algeria; Morocco; Tunisia; Sicily
12 FRA POR SAR SPA 13 SIC 20 ALG MOR TUN
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys apiformis (Desf.) Steud., Nom. ed. I, 567 (1821)
= Ophrys corniculata Brot., Phyt. Lusit. 2: 38, t. 93 (1827)
= Ophrys fuciflora ssp. apiformis (Desf.) H.Sund., Europ. Medit. Orchid., ed. 3: 39 (1980)
= Ophrys holosericea ssp. apiformis (Desf.) H.Sund., Taxon 24 (5-6): 625 (1975)
= Ophrys insectifera var. apiformis Desf., Fl. Atlant. 2(8): 321 (1799)
= Ophrys ouritensis Guitt., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 264 (1963)
= Ophrys picta Link, Schrad., Jour. für die Bot. 2: 325 (1799)
= Ophrys picta var. sphegifera (Willd.) F.M.Vázquez, Folia Bot. Extremadur. 3: 310 (2009)
= Ophrys scolopax ssp. apiformis (Desf.) Maire & Weiller, Fl. Afrique N. 6: 260 (1959)
= Ophrys scolopax ssp. picta (Link) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 114 (2004)
= Ophrys sphegifera Willd., Sp. Pl. 4: 65 (1805)
variant :
var. querciphila (Nicole, Hervy & Soca) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 515 (2021)
Distribution: France (Languedoc)
12 FRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys querciphila Nicole, Hervy & Soca, Orchidophile (Asnières) 212: 94 (2017)
variant :
var. santonica (J.M.Mathé & Melki) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 515 (2021)
Distribution: France (Charente-Maritime, ?Languedoc-Roussillon, ?Provence); N-Spain (Catalunya, Soria, Navarra, Huesca)
12 FRA SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys scolopax ssp. santonica (J.M.Mathé & Melki) R.Engel & Quentin, L´Orchidophile (Asnieres) 27 (124): 205 (1996)
= Ophrys santonica J.M.Mathé & Melki, L´Orchidophile 113: 159 (1994) [fide Delforge 2000]
= Ophrys aestivalis J.M.Mathé & Melki, L´Orchidophile 112: 124, 120 (1994) [homonym]
= Ophrys juliana Kerguélen, Bull. Ass. Inform. Bot. 1: 25 (1994)
variant :
var. sardoa (H.Baumann, Giotta, Künkele, R.Lorenz & Piccitto) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 515 (2021)
Distribution: Sardinia
12 SAR
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys scolopax ssp. sardoa H.Baumann, Giotta, Künkele, R.Lorenz & Piccitto, J. Eur. Orchid. 27 (2): 222 (1995)
= Ophrys sardoa (H.Baumann, Giotta, R.Lorenz, Künkele & Piccitto) Paulus & Gack, J. Eur. Orchid. 31 (2): 386 (1999)
species :
Ophrys sicula Tineo; Pl. Rar. Sicil. 13 (1846)
Name: Sizilianische Ragwurz (DE); Sicilian Bee Orchid (EN)
Distribution: S-France; Corsica; Sardinia; Sicily; Italy; Albania; ?Croatia; Crete (incl. Gavdos Isl.); Greece (incl. Kyklades); East Aegaean Isl. (including Rhodos, Karpathos, Kasos, Chalki, Kastellorizo, Pserimos, Tilos); Turkey; Cyprus; Israel; Syria; Lebanon; Malta (incl. Gozo, Comino Isl.); European Turkey
12 COR FRA SAR 13 ALB GRC ITA KRI MLT SIC TUE 34 CYP EAI ISR LEB SYR TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Bombyliflorae, sect. Luteae
Synonyms: hidden
= Arachnites luteus var. minus Tod., Orchid. Sicul.: 97, tab. 2 (1842)
= Ophrys cythnia P.Delforge & Onckelinx, Naturalistes Belges 95: 203 (2014)
= Ophrys fusca var. sicula (Tineo) E.G.Camus & A.Camus, Iconogr. Orchid. Europe 292 (1928)
= Ophrys lutea ssp. minor (Guss.) O.Danesch & E.Danesch ex Gölz & H.R.Reinhard, Orchidee 29 (3): 104 (1978), with basionym ref.
= Ophrys lutea ssp. minor (Tod.) O.Danesch & E.Danesch, Pl. Syst. Evol. 124 (2): 82 (1975)
= Ophrys lutea ssp. sicula (Tineo) Soldano, Atti Soc. Ital. Sci. Nat. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Milano, 133 (10): 115 (1992 publ. 1993)
= Ophrys lutea var. minor (Tod.) Guss., Fl. Sicul. Syn. 2: 550 (1844)
= Ophrys lutea var. minor (Tod.) Raynaud, Orchid. Maroc 16 (1985), isonym
variant :
var. archimedea (P.Delforge & M.Walravens) Hennecke; GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 61(1): 199 (2018)
Distribution: Sicily
13 SIC
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys archimedea P.Delforge & M.Walravens, Nat. Belg. 81 (3): 256 (2000)
= Ophrys lutea ssp. archimedea (P.Delforge & M.Walravens) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 105 (2004)
= Ophrys subfusca ssp. archimedea (P.Delforge & M.Walravens) Kreutz, Orchidee (Hamburg) 57(1): 101 (2006)
variant :
var. flammeola (P.Delforge) Hennecke; GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 61(1): 200 (2018)
Distribution: Sicily
13 SIC
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys flammeola P.Delforge, Nat. Belg. 81 (3): 256 (2000)
= Ophrys fusca ssp. flammeola (P.Delforge) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 94 (2004)
= Ophrys subfusca ssp. flammeola (P.Delforge) Kreutz, Orchidee (Hamburg) 57(1): 102 (2006)
variant :
var. laurensis (Geniez & Melki) Hennecke; GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 61(1): 200 (2018)
Distribution: E-Sicily (Mte. Lauro)
13 SIC
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys laurensis Geniez & Melki, Actes Coll. S. F. O. 12: 14-15 (1991 publ. 1992)
= Ophrys lutea ssp. laurensis (Geniez & Melki) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 105 (2004)
= Ophrys subfusca ssp. laurensis (Geniez & Melki) Kreutz, Orchidee (Hamburg) 57(1): 102 (2006)
variant :
var. liveranii (Orrù & M.P.Grasso) Hennecke; GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 61(1): 200 (2018)
Distribution: C-Sardinia
12 SAR
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys lepida S. & J.-M.Moingeon, L´Orchidophile 166: 173-178 (2005)
= Ophrys subfusca ssp. lepida (S.Moingeon & J.-M.Moingeon) Kreutz, GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 58: 7 (2015)
= Ophrys sicula var. lepida (S.Moingeon & J.-M.Moingeon) Hennecke, GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 61(1): 200 (2018)
= Ophrys subfusca ssp. liveranii Orrù & M.P.Grasso, GIROS Notiz. 30: 9 (2005)
variant :
var. penelopeae (Paulus) Hennecke; GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 61(1): 208 (2018)
Distribution: Greece (Peloponnes, W-Greece, Ionian Isl.); ?East Aegaean Isl. (?Naxos)
13 GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys penelopeae Paulus, J. Eur. Orch. 46(2): 293 (2014)
variant :
var. transadriatica Devillers & Devillers-Tersch.; Naturalistes Belges 94(Orchid. 26): 159 (2013)
Distribution:
variant :
var. urteae (Paulus) Hennecke; GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 61(1): 208 (2018)
Distribution: Turkey (Antalya)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys urteae Paulus, Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 26(2): 10 (2009)
species :
Ophrys sipontensis Gumpr. ex O.Danesch & E.Danesch; Ophrys Hybr. 43 (1972) [nom. inval.]
Distribution: EC-Italy (Mte. Gargano)
13 ITA
Remarks: Subgen. Fuciflorae, sect. Araniferae. Pollinator Xylocopa iris
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys sphegodes ssp. sipontensis (Lorenz & Gembardt) Pedersen & Faurh., Jour. Eur. Orch. 37(2): 289 (2005)
= Ophrys garganica ssp. sipontensis (Gumpr.) Del Prete, Webbia 37 (2): 251 (1984)
= Ophrys sphegodes ssp. sipontensis Gumpr., Die Orchidee 18(2): 62 (1967) [nom. inval.]
= Ophrys garganica ssp. sipontensis (R.Lorenz & Gembardt) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 97 (2004)
= Ophrys sphegodes ssp. garganica var.sipontensis Gumpr. ex Fen., Webbia 29: 281 (1974) [comb. inval.]
= Ophrys sipontensis R.Lorenz & Gembardt, Mitt. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. Baden-Württ. 19(3): 474 (1987)
variant :
var. murgiana (Cillo, Medagli & Margh.) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 378 (2021)
Distribution: SE-Italy (Altamura)
13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys murgiana Cillo, Medagli & Margh., GIROS Notiz. 41: 23 (2009)
species :
Ophrys speculum Link; Schrader, Journ. für die Bot. 1799 (2): 324 (1800)
Name: Spiegel-Ragwurz (DE); Mirror Bee Orchid (EN)
Distribution: Greece; European Turkey; Turkey; East Aegaean Isl. (Rhodos, Tilos); Albania; Malta (incl. Gozo, Comino Isl.); Sicily; Italy; Sardinia; Corsica; Baleares; Spain; Gibraltar; Portugal; Croatia; France; Tunisia; Algeria; Morocco; Libya (Cyrenaica)
12 BAL COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 ALB CRO GRC ITA MLT SIC TUE 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN 34 EAI TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Bombyliflorae, sect. Speculum, pollinator Dasiscolia ciliata ssp. ciliata
Synonyms: hidden
= Arachnites speculum (Link) Tod., Orch. Sicul. 93 (1842)
= Ophrys ciliata Biv., Sic. pl. Cent. 1: 60 (1806)
= Ophrys scolopax Willd., Sp. Pl. 4: 69 (1805)
= Ophrys vernixia Brot., Fl. Lusit. 1: 24 (1800 publ. 1804) [nom. illeg.]
= Ophrys vernixia ssp. ciliata (Biv.) Del Prete, Webbia 37 (2): 252 (1984)
= Ophrys vernixia ssp. ciliata (Biv.) Kerguélen, Lejeunia 120: 135 (1987), isonym
= Ophrys ×innominata D. & B.D.Tyteca, L´Orchidophile 69: 929 (1985)
variant :
var. lusitanica (O.Danesch & E.Danesch) Hennecke; Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 31(1): 92 (2014), nom. inval., et Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 157 (2021)
Name: Iberische Spiegel-Ragwurz (DE); Iberian Mirror Bee Orchid (EN)
Distribution: S-Spain; Portugal
12 POR SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Arachnites speculum Tod., (1842)
= Ophrys ciliata ssp. lusitanica (O.Danesch & E.Danesch) H.Baumann, Künkele & R.Lorenz, J. Eur. Orchideen 36(2): 571 (2004)
= Ophrys lusitanica (O.Danesch & E.Danesch) Paulus & Gack, Israel J. Bot. 39(1-2): 77 (1990)
= Ophrys speculum ssp. lusitanica O.Danesch & E.Danesch, Orchidee 20: 21 (1969)
= Ophrys vernixia ssp. lusitanica (O.Danesch & E.Danesch) H.Baumann & Künkele, Mitt. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. Baden-Württemberg 18 (3): 391 (1986)
= Ophrys vernixia ssp. occidentalis Paulus, Ber. AHO 18 (1) (2001)
= Orchis latifolia ssp. lusitanica (Steud.) Gand., Nov. Consp. Fl. Eur. 461 (1910)
variant :
var. orientalis (Paulus) Kreutz; Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 24(1): 178 (2007)
Name: Östliche Spiegel-Ragwurz (DE); Eastern Mirror Bee Orchid (EN)
Distribution: Greece; Crete [I]; Turkey
13 GRC kri 34 TUR
Remarks: pollinator Dasiscolia ciliata ssp. araratensis
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys ciliata ssp. orientalis (Paulus) Kreutz, Orchidee (Hamburg) 57(1): 101 (2006)
= Ophrys ciliata var. orientalis (Paulus) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 91 (2004)
= Ophrys eos Devillers & Devillers-Tersch., Naturalistes Belges 90(Orchid.22): 289 (2009), nom. nov. for O. ciliata ssp. orientalis
= Ophrys speculum ssp. orientalis (Paulus) Paulus & Salk., Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 24(2): 7 (2007)
= Ophrys vernixia ssp. orientalis Paulus, Ber. AHO 18 (1): 43 (2001)
species :
Ophrys sphegodes Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. 8, n. 8 (1768)
Name: Spinnen-Ragwurz
Distribution: Germany (Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, +Hessen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Saarland, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Luxembourg; France; Belgium; Switzerland; Austria; Hungary; Slovenia; Croatia; Italy; San Marino; Sicily; Sardinia; Corsica; Spain; England; Channel Isl.; Macedonia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; ?Portugal; Greece
10 GRB 11 AUT BGM GER HUN LUX SWI 12 CIS COR FRA SAR SPA 13 BIH CRO GRC ITA NMA SIC SLV SMA
Remarks: Subgen. Fuciflorae, sect. Araniferae. Pollinator Anthophora atriceps, A. nigroaenea, A. limata
Synonyms: hidden
= Arachnites aranifera (Huds.) Bubani, Fl. Pyren. 4: 48 (1901)
= Myodium araniferum (Huds.) Salisb., Trans. Hort. Soc. 1: 289 (1812)
= Ophrys arachnitis (L.) Mill., Gard. dict. ed. 8, no. 7 (1768)
= Ophrys aranifera Huds., Fl. Angl. ed. II, 2: 392 (1778)
= Ophrys aranifera ssp. fuchsii (W.Zimmerm.) Soó, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 26: 279 (1929)
= Ophrys aranifera ssp. fucifera H.C.Watson, London Cat. Brit. Pl. ed. 25: 21 (1867)
= Ophrys aranifera ssp. gigantea (A.Fuchs) Soó, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 26: 279 (1929)
= Ophrys aranifera ssp. moesziana Soó, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 24: 35 (1927)
= Ophrys aranifera ssp. vierhapperi (Soó) Soó, Monogr. Iconogr. Orchid. Eur. 2: 313, 388 (1935)
= Ophrys aranifera var. fuchsii (W.Zimmerm.) Schltr., Monogr. Icon. Orch. Eur. 1: 108 (1926)
= Ophrys aranifera var. vierhapperi Soó, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 24: 35 (1927)
= Ophrys crucigera Jacq., Icon. pl. Rar. 1: 18, t. 185 (1784)
= Ophrys fuchsii W.Zimmerm., Mitt. Bayer. Bot. Ges. 3: 388 (1917)
= Ophrys fucifera Curtis, Fl. Lond. fasc. 6: t. 67 (1794)
= Ophrys fucifera Sm., Engl. Bot. t. 2649 (1830), nom. illeg.
= Ophrys galeopsidea Lag. ex Colmeiro, Enum. Pl. Penins. Hispano-Lusit. 5: 42 (1889)
= Ophrys insectifera ssp. aranifera (Huds.) Moggr., Nova Acta Acad. Leop.-Carol. 35: 9 (1869)
= Ophrys insectifera var. arachnites L., Sp. pl. 2: 949 (1753)
= Ophrys liburnica Devillers & Devillers-Tersch., Naturalistes Belges 85 (Orchid. 17): 147 (2004)
= Ophrys mammosa ssp. vierhapperi (Soó) Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 18 (3-4): 380 (1973)
= Ophrys molisana P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 96(Orchid. 28): 18 (2015)
= Ophrys nicolae Q.G.Manni, J. Eur. Orch. 48(2-4): 288 (2016)
= Ophrys sphegodes ssp. aranifera (Huds.) O.Schwarz, Mitt. Thüring. Bot. Ges. 1: 92 (1949) [nom. illeg.]
= Ophrys sphegodes ssp. catalcana Kreutz, Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 27(2): 231 (2010 publ. 2011)
= Ophrys sphegodes ssp. fuchsii (W.Zimmerm.) Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 16: 382 (1970)
= Ophrys sphegodes ssp. gigantea (A.Fuchs) O.Schwarz, Mitt. Thüring. Bot. Ges. 1: 92 (1949)
= Ophrys sphegodes ssp. grassoana Cristaudo et al., Journ. Eur. Orch. 42(1): 181-200 (2010)
= Ophrys sphegodes ssp. liburnica (Devillers & Devillers-Tersch.) Kreutz, Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 24(1): 180 (2007)
= Ophrys sphegodes ssp. moesziana (Soó) Maire, Fl. Afrique N. 6: 258 (1960)
= Ophrys sphegodes ssp. moesziana (Soó) Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 16(3/4): 390 (1970 publ. 1971), isonym
= Ophrys sphegodes ssp. vierhapperi (Soó) Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung.18: 380 (1973)
= Ophrys sphegodes var. gigantea A.Fuchs, Mitt. Bayer. Bot. Ges. 3: 280 (1917)
= Ophrys sphegodes var. subaesculapiana Balayer, Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr., Lett. Bot. 133 (3): 282 (1986)
= Ophrys sphegodes var. subspruneriana Balayer, Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr., Lett. Bot. 282 (1986)
= Ophrys sphegodes var. subtommasiniana Balayer, Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr., Lett. Bot. 133 (3): 282 (1986)
= Ophrys vindelica W.Zimmerm. ex A.Fuchs, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg., Beih. 51: 136 (1928)
variant :
var. garganicoides Balayer; Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr., Lett. Bot. 133 (3): 282 (1986)
Distribution: NE-Spain; S-France; SE-France; NW-Italy
12 FRA SPA 13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys garganica ssp. caloptera (Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers) Kreutz, Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 24(1): 170 (2007)
= Ophrys caloptera Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers, Natural. belges 87 (Orchid. 19): 228-251 (2006), nom. nov. (superfl.?)
variant :
var. pacensis (F.M.Vázquez) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 349 (2021)
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys incubacea ssp. pacensis F.M.Vázquez, Folia Bot. Extremadur. 3: 302 (2009)
variant :
var. provincialis (H.Baumann & Künkele) P.J.Cribb; Field Guide Orchids Europe Medit. 241 (2019)
Distribution: SE-France; ?NW-Italy
12 FRA
Remarks: pollinator Anthophora atriceps. Status uncertain
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys provincialis (Baumann & Künkele) Paulus, Mitt. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. Baden-Württemberg 20 (4): 855 (1988)
= Ophrys sphegodes ssp. provincialis Nelson, Monogr. Ophrys 197 (1962) [nom. inval.]
= Ophrys sphegodes ssp. provincialis H.Baumann & Künkele, Mitt. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. Baden-Württemberg 20 (3): 617 (1988)
species :
Ophrys spruneri Nyman; Consp. 698 (1882)
Name: Spruners Ragwurz
Distribution: Greece (except North, but incl. Ionian Isl.); Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (Chios, Ikaria)
13 GRC KRI 34 EAI
Remarks: Subgen. Fuciflorae, sect. Araniferae, pollinator Xylocopa iris
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys delphica H.Fleischm. ex Hayek, Fedde, Repert. 22: 389 (1926)
= Ophrys ferrum-equinum ssp. spruneri (Nyman) E.G.Camus, Monogr. orchid. 274 (1908)
= Ophrys galactostictos Heldr. & Sart ex Boiss., Fl. Orient. 5: 79 (1884)
= Ophrys hiulca Spruner ex Rchb.fil., Icon. Fl. Germ. 13: 93, t. 101. f. 2 (1851)
= Ophrys sphegodes ssp. spruneri (Nyman) E.Nelson, Monogr. Ophrys 183 (1962) [nom. inval.]
variant :
var. grigoriana (G. & H.Kretzschmar) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 406 (2021)
Distribution: Crete
13 KRI
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys spruneri ssp. grigoriana (G. & H.Kretzschmar) H.Kretzschmar, Orchideen auf Kreta, Kasos, Karpathos 236 (2002)
= Ophrys grigoriana G. & H.Kretzschmar, Ber. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. 12 (1): 56 (1995)
species :
Ophrys subfusca (Rchb.fil.) Hausskn.; Mitt. Thüring. Bot. Vereins, N. F.13/14: 25 (1899)
Distribution: SW-France; E-Spain; C-Spain; S-Portugal; Baleares; Malta (incl. Comino Isl.); Sicily; Algeria; Tunisia; Morocco
12 BAL FRA POR SPA 13 MLT SIC 20 ALG MOR TUN
Remarks: Subgen. Bombyliflorae, sect. Pseudophrys.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys africana G. & W.Foelsche, J. Eur. Orchid. 33 (2): 656 (2001)
= Ophrys bilunulata ssp. caesiella (P.Delforge) Paulus, J. Eur. Orch. 46(2): 272 (2014)
= Ophrys bilunulata ssp. subfusca (Rchb.f.) Paulus, J. Eur. Orch. 52(2-4): 372 (2020)
= Ophrys caesiella P.Delforge, Nat. Belg. 81 (3): 233 (2000)
= Ophrys fusca ssp. caesiella (P.Delforge) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 93 (2004)
= Ophrys fusca ssp. gazella (Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 94 (2004)
= Ophrys fusca ssp. numida (Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers) Kreutz, Orchidee (Hamburg) 57(1): 103 (2006) (fide Rebbas & Vela 2013)
= Ophrys fusca ssp. subfusca (Rchb.fil.) E.G. & A.Camus, Iconogr. orchid. Europe, Text(1): 292 (1928)
= Ophrys fusca var. subfusca Rchb.fil., Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. German ed. 13-14: 95 (1851)
= Ophrys gazella Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers, Nat. Belg. 81 (3): 322 (2000)
= Ophrys lutea ssp. numida (Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 106 (2004) (fide Rebbas & Vela 2013)
= Ophrys lutea ssp. subfusca (Rchb.fil.) Murb., Acta Reg. Soc. Physiogr. Lund 10: 21 (1899)
= Ophrys lutea var. subfusca Rchb.fil., Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 13/14: 76 (1851)
= Ophrys marmorata ssp. caesiella (P.Delforge) Véla & R.Martin, Cat. Syn. Fl. Tunisie 367 (2011)
= Ophrys numida Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers, Nat. Belg. 81 (3): 297 (2000) (fide Rebbas & Vela 2013)
= Orchis subfusca (Rchb.fil.) Batt., Fl. Algerie, Suppl. Phan. 84 (1910)
= Orchis subfusca (Rchb.fil.) Murb., Contrib. Fl. Nord-Ouest Afr. Ser. I(3): 21 (1899)
species :
Ophrys tarentina Gölz & H.R.Reinhard; Mitt. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. Baden-Württemberg 14 (1): 25 (1982)
Name: Tarenter Ragwurz
Distribution: S-Italy (Calabria, S-Apulia)
13 ITA
Remarks: lunulata-hybridogenous agg., pollinator Osmia tricornis
species :
Ophrys tenthredinifera Willd.; Sp. Pl. 4: 67 (1805)
Name: Wespen-Ragwurz
Distribution: C-Italy; S-Italy; Sardinia; ?S-Corsica; S-France; Spain; Gibraltar; Portugal; Baleares; Tunisia; Algeria; Morocco
12 BAL FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 ITA 20 ALG MOR TUN
Remarks: Subgen. Bombyliflorae, sect. Tenthrediniferae. Pollinator Eucera nigrilabris and other Eucera. According to Hirth & Paulus (2012) not distinguishable from the eastern var. villosa
Synonyms: hidden
= Arachnites limbatus Link, Handbuch 1: 247 (1829)
= Arachnites tenthredinifer (Willd.) Tod., Orch. Sicul. 85 (1842)
= Ophrys arachnites Link, Schrad., Jour. für die Bot. 2: 325 (1799)
= Ophrys hookeri Orph. ex Soó, Bot. Ark. 23: 25 (1928)
= Ophrys insectifera var. rosea Desf., Fl. Atlant. 2: 320 (1799)
= Ophrys limbata Link, Handb. 1: 247 (1829)
= Ophrys lychnitis Paulus & Hirth, J. Eur. Orch. 48(2-4): 374 (2016)
= Ophrys neglecta Parl., Fl. Ital. 3: 548 (1860)
= Ophrys rosea Grande, Nuov. Giorn. Bot. Ital., n. s. 27: 238 (1920)
= Ophrys rosea ssp. neglecta (Parl.) Guadagno, Arch. Bot. (Roma) 7: 168 (1931)
= Ophrys tabanifera Sieber ex Nyman, Consp. 697 (1882)
= Ophrys tenoreana Lindl., Bot. Reg. t. 1093 (1827)
= Ophrys tenthredinifera f. lutescens (Batt.) Raynaud, Orchid. Maroc 26 (1985)
= Ophrys tenthredinifera ssp. neglecta (Parl.) E.G.Camus, Monogr. Orchid. (1908)
= Ophrys tetuanensis Pau, Monde Pl. 30(181): 1 (1929)
= Ophrys villosa Desf., Ann. Mus. Par. 10: 225, t. 14 (1807)
variant :
var. aprilia (Devillers & Devillers-Tersch.) Hennecke; GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 63(2): 387 (2020)
Distribution: S-Corsica; ?Sardinia
12 COR
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys aprilia Devillers & Devillers-Tersch., Jour. Eur. Orch. 35(1): 152 (2003)
= Ophrys tenthredinifera ssp. aprilia (Devillers & Devillers-Tersch.) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 118 (2004)
variant :
var. dictynnae (P.Delforge) Hennecke; GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 63(2): 387 (2020)
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys dictynnae P.Delforge, Natural. belges 86 (Orchid. 18): 95-144 (2005)
= Ophrys tenthredinifera ssp. dictynnae (P.Delforge) Kreutz, Orchidee (Hamburg) 57(1): 103 (2006)
variant :
var. dimitata (Rakosy, Paulus & M.Hirth) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 180 (2021)
Distribution: Crete
13 KRI
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys dimitata Rakosy, Paulus & M.Hirth, J. Eur. Orch. 52(1): 212 (2020)
variant :
var. expansa Lumare & Medagli; GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 61(1): 30 (2018)
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
variant :
var. ficalhoana (J.A.Guim.) F.M.Vázquez; Folia Bot. Extremadur. 3: 316 (2009)
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; SW-France; ?Morocco; ?W-Algeria
12 FRA POR SPA
Remarks: tenthredinifera agg., pollinator Eucera sp.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys ficalhoana J.A.Guim., Bol. Soc. Brot. 5: 39 (1887)
= Ophrys tenthredinifera var. ronda Schltr., [nom. nud.]
= Ophrys tenthredinifera f. mariana Rivas Goday & Bellot, (1945)
= Ophrys tenthredinifera ssp. ficalhoana (J.A.Guim.) M.R.Lowe & D.Tyteca, J. Eur. Orchid. 32 (2): 297 (2000)
= Ophrys ficalhoana (J.A.Guim.) Wucherpf., Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 33(1): 113 (2016), nom. illeg. superfl.
variant :
var. glabrescens F.M.Vázquez; Folia Bot. Extremadur. 3: 320 (2009)
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
variant :
var. grandiflora (Ten.) Hennecke; GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 63(2): 387 (2020)
Distribution: Sicily; S-Italy; Tunisia; Algeria
13 ITA SIC 20 ALG TUN
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys grandiflora Ten., Cat. Pl. Hort. Neap. (1819) App. 2: 83, Fl. Nap. 2: 309
= Ophrys tenthredinifera ssp. grandiflora (Ten.) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 118 (2004)
variant :
var. guimaraesii (D.Tyteca) Kreutz; Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 118 (2004)
Distribution: W-Spain; Portugal
12 POR SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys praecox D.Tyteca, [nom. illeg.]
= Ophrys tenthredinifera ssp. guimaraesii D.Tyteca, J. Eur. Orchideen 32 (2): 297 (2000)
= Ophrys tenthredinifera ssp. praecox D.Tyteca, L´Orchidophile (Asnieres) 16(66): 810 [nom. illeg.]
= Ophrys tenthredinifera subvar. praecox J.A.Guim., [nom. illeg.]
= Ophrys tenthredinifera var. praecox Rchb.fil. ex E.G.Camus, Monogr. Orchid. 262 (1908)
variant :
var. korae (M.Hirth & Paulus) Galanos & Hennecke; GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 63(2): 388 (2020)
Name: Kora-Ragwurz (DE); Kora Sawfly Orchid (EN)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl. (Rhodos, Samos, ?Lesvos)
34 EAI
Remarks: tenthredinifera agg. Probably only a color variant of ssp. tenthredinifera (villosa)
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys korae Hirth & Paulus, Journ. Eur. Orch. 44(3): 646 (2012)
variant :
var. leochroma (P.Delforge) Galanos & Hennecke; GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 63(2): 388 (2020)
Name: Löwenmähnen-Ragwurz (DE); Lion-mane Sawfly Orchid (EN)
Distribution: Crete; Greece (Euboia, Attika, Peloponnes, Ionian Isl.: Kefallenia, Zakynthos, Kyklades: Kea, Astypaleia, Amorgos, Milos, Kimolos); East Aegaean Isl. (Samos, Rhodos, Chalki, Tilos); W-Turkey
13 GRC KRI 34 EAI TUR
Remarks: tenthredinifera agg., pollinator Eucera kullenbergi. Status uncertain, possibly a color variant of ssp. villosa
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys leochroma P.Delforge, Natural. belges 86 (Orchid. 18): 95-144 (2005)
= Ophrys tenthredinifera ssp. leochroma (P.Delforge) Kreutz, Orchidee (Hamburg) 57(1): 103 (2006)
variant :
var. lycomedis (P.Delforge) Hennecke; GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 63(2): 388 (2020)
Distribution: Greece (Kyklades: Skyros)
13 GRC
Remarks: tenthredinifera agg., pollinator Eucera caspica
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys lycomedis P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 94(Orchid. 26): 296 (2013)
variant :
var. riphaea (F.M.Vázquez) Hennecke; GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 63(2): 388 (2020)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys neglecta var. riphaea F.M.Vázquez, J. Eur. Orch. 44(3): 588 (2012)
= Ophrys riphaea (F.M.Vázquez) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 94(Orchid. 26): 296 (2013)
variant :
var. sanctae-marcellae (Saliaris, A.Saliaris & A.Alibertis) Hennecke; GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 63(2): 388 (2020)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl.
34 EAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys leochroma var. sanctae-marcellae (Saliaris, A.Saliaris & A.Alibertis) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 93(Orchid. 25): 243 (2012)
= Ophrys villosa var. sanctae-marcellae (Saliaris, A.Saliaris & A.Alibertis) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 94(Orchid. 26): 296 (2013)
= Ophrys tenthredinifera ssp. sanctae-marcellae Saliaris, A.Saliaris & A.Alibertis, J. Eur. Orch. 43(3): 605 (2011)
variant :
var. spectabilis (Kreutz & Zelesny) Hennecke; GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 63(2): 389 (2020)
Distribution: Baleares (Mallorca)
12 BAL
Remarks: tenthredinifera agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys spectabilis (Kreutz & Zelesny) Paulus, J. Eur. Orch. 43(1): 38 (2011)
= Ophrys tenthredinifera ssp. spectabilis Kreutz & Zelesny, Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 24(1): 116 (2007)
variant :
var. tingurtiae (Kreutz, Miara, Ait-Hamm. & Rebbas) Hennecke; GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 63(2): 389 (2020)
Distribution: Algeria
20 ALG
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys tenthredinifera ssp. tingurtiae Kreutz, Miara, Ait-Hamm. & Rebbas, Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 31(2): 147 (2015)
variant :
var. ulyssea (P.Delforge) Hennecke; GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 63(2): 389 (2020)
Distribution: NW-Greece (Ionian Isl.: Corfu, Lefkada, Kefallenia, Zakynthos, Kythera); SW-Greece; W-Greece;
13 GRC
Remarks: tenthredinifera agg., pollinator Eucera bidentata
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys ulyssea P.Delforge, Natural. belges 86 (Orchid. 18): 95-144 (2005)
= Ophrys amphidami P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 94(Orchid. 26): 295 (2013) [fide Hirth & Paulus 2016]
= Ophrys tenthredinifera ssp. ulyssea (P.Delforge) Kreutz, Orchidee (Hamburg) 57(1): 103 (2006)
variant :
var. villosa (Desf.) Galanos & Hennecke; GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 63(2): 389 (2020)
Distribution: Crete (incl. Gavdos Isl.); Croatia; Greece (Skyros, etc.); East Aegaean Isl. (Karpathos, Kasos, Rhodos, Chios); Turkey; Cyprus; ?Libya (?Cyrenaica)
13 CRO GRC KRI 34 CYP EAI TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys tenthredinifera ssp. villosa (Desf.) H.Baumann & Künkele, Mitt. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. Baden-Württemberg 18 (3): 384 (1986)
species :
Ophrys tetraloniae W.P.Teschner; Orchidee 38 (5): 223 (1987)
Distribution: Croatia (Istria, Dalmatia); Slovenia; ?C-Italy
13 CRO SLV
Remarks: Subgen. Fuciflorae, sect. Fuciflorae, Pollinator Tetraloniella fulvescens (dufouri), Tetraloniella inulae. Tetraploid taxon and therefore separate from O. holosericea.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys holosericea ssp. tetraloniae (W.P.Teschner) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 102 (2004)
= Ophrys fuciflora ssp. tetraloniae (W.P.Teschner) Faurh., J. Eur. Orch. 40(1): 54 (2008)
= Ophrys holosericea ssp. laxiflora Zelesny & Kreutz, Jour. Eur. Orch. 39(3/4): 449 (2007)
variant :
var. elatior (Gumpr.) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 508 (2021)
Distribution: E-France (Alsace, Jura); SW-Germany; SW-Switzerland
11 GER SWI 12 FRA
Remarks: Pollinator Tetraloniella salicariae
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys elatior Gumpr. ex Paulus, Ber. Arbeitskrs. Heim. Orchid. 14 (1996)
= Ophrys fuciflora ssp. elatior Gumpr., Orchidee 31 (2): 60 (1980)
= Ophrys fuciflora ssp. elatior Gumpr. ex R.Engel & P.Quentin, L´Orchidophile 123: 168 (1996)
= Ophrys holosericea ssp. elatior (Gumpr. ex Paulus) H.Baumann & Künkele, Farn- Blütenpfl. Baden-Würt. 8: 416 (1998), isonym
= Ophrys holosericea ssp. elatior (Gumpr.) Gumpr., Orchidee 34 (5): 179 (1983) [nom. inval.]
variant :
var. gresivaudanica (O.Gerbaud) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 508 (2021)
Distribution: France; Italy
12 FRA 13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys holosericea ssp. gresivaudanica (O.Gerbaud) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 100 (2004)
= Ophrys gresivaudanica O.Gerbaud, Jour. Eur. Orch. 34 (1): 63-86 (2002)
variant :
var. posidonia (P.Delforge) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 508 (2021)
Distribution: SC-Italy; S-Italy
13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys holosericea ssp. posidonia (P.Delforge) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 102 (2004)
= Ophrys posidonia P.Delforge, Nat. Belg. 81 (3): 173 (2000)
= Ophrys fuciflora var. posidonia (P.Delforge) Faurh., J. Eur. Orch. 40(1): 56 (2008)
species :
Ophrys transhyrcana Czerniak.; Notul. Syst. Herb. Hort. Petrop. 4: 1 (1923)
subspecies :
subsp. transhyrcana
Distribution: NE-Turkey; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkmenistan
32 TKM 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Fuciflorae, sect. Araniferae. Pollinator Andrena morio, A. fuscosa
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys aranifera ssp. transhyrcana (Czerniak.) Soó, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg., Sonderbeih. A2: 49 (1931)
= Ophrys mammosa ssp. transhyrcana (Czerniak.) Paulus & Gack, Jahresber. Naturwiss. Ver. Wuppertal 39: 68 (1986)
= Ophrys sphegodes ssp. transhyrcana (Czerniak.) Buttler, Willdenowia 16 (1): 115 (1986)
= Ophrys sphegodes ssp. transhyrcana (Czerniak.) Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 5: 444 (1970)
= Ophrys sphegodes var. transhyrcana (Czerniak.) P.J.Cribb, Field Guide Orchids Europe Medit. 259 (2019)
variant :
var. kojurensis (Gölz) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 401 (2021)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys kojurensis Gölz, J. Eur. Orch. 38(1): 86 (2006)
variant :
var. sintenisii (H.Fleischm. & Bornm.) comb.ined.
Distribution: Iran; Iraq
34 IRN IRQ
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys transhyrcana ssp. sintenisii (H.Fleischm. & Bornm.) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 119 (2004)
= Ophrys transcaspica H.Fleischm. & Bornm.
= Ophrys sphegodes ssp. sintenisii (Fleisch. & Bornm.) E.Nelson, Monogr. Ophrys 181 (1962)
= Ophrys sintenisii H.Fleischm. & Bornm., Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien 36: 10 (1923)
variant :
var. turcomanica (Renz) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 401 (2021)
Distribution: Turkey; Iran
34 IRN TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys transhyrcana ssp. turcomanica (Renz) Kreutz, Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 24(1): 180 (2007)
= Ophrys turcomanica Renz, Fl. Iranica 126: 85 (1978)
= Ophrys tremoris Gämperle & Gölz, J. Eur. Orch. 43(1): 5 (2011) (tentative synonym)
= Ophrys zagrica Gölz, Journ. Eur. Orch. 39(2): 305 (2007) (tentative synonym)
subspecies :
subsp. morio (Paulus & Kreutz) Kreutz; Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 119 (2004)
Distribution: Cyprus
34 CYP
Remarks: pollinator Andrena limata
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys morio Paulus & Kreutz, Orchid. Zypern 415 (2004)
species :
Ophrys umbilicata Desf.; Ann. Mus. Par. 10: 227, t. 15 (1807)
Name: Nabel-Ragwurz (DE); Woodcock Orchid (EN)
Distribution: European Turkey; Turkey; East Aegaean Isl. (including Rhodos, Pserimos, Tilos); Iran; Iraq; Cyprus; Jordania; Syria; Lebanon; Israel
13 TUE 34 CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Fuciflorae, sect. Umbilicatae
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys astarte Devillers & Devillers-Tersch., Naturalistes Belges 93(Orchid. 25): 161 (2012)
= Ophrys attica ssp. carmeli (H.Fleischm. & Bornm.) Shifman, J. Eur. Orch. 43(2): 409 (2011)
= Ophrys carmeli H.Fleischm. & Bornm., Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien 36: 7 (1923)
= Ophrys dinsmorei Schltr., Fedde, Repert. 19: 46 (1923)
= Ophrys lapethica ssp. pamphylica Kreutz, Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 28(2): 283 (281-285
= Ophrys latilabris (B. & H.Baumann) Shifman, J. Eur. Orch. 43(2): 418 (2011)
= Ophrys oestrifera ssp. umbilicata (Desf.) Hayek, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg., Sonderbeih. 30(3): 378 (1933)
= Ophrys pamphylica (Kreutz) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 96(Orchid. 28): 18 (2015)
= Ophrys scolopax ssp. dinsmorei (Schltr.) E.G.Camus, Iconogr. Orchid. Europe, Text(1): 315 (1928)
= Ophrys umbilicata ssp. carmeli (H.Fleischm. & Bornm.) J.J.Wood, Kew Bull. 38 (1): 136 (1983)
= Ophrys umbilicata ssp. latilabris B. & H.Baumann, Jour. Eur. Orch. 37(4): 952 (2005)
variant :
var. abchasica (Kümpel) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 291 (2021)
Distribution: NE-Turkey; Georgia [Caucasus] (Abkhazia, Shiga Kartli, Kartli); Azerbaijan
33 AZE GEO 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys oestrifera ssp. abchasica Kümpel, Ber. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. 5 (1­2): 25 (1988)
= Ophrys abchasica (Kümpel) P.Delforge, Nat. Belg. 72 (3): 100 (1991)
variant :
var. attica (Boiss. & Orph.) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 291 (2021)
Name: Attische Ragwurz
Distribution: Greece (except Northeast); Albania
13 ALB GRC
Remarks: holosericea agg., oestrifera-group. Pollinator Eucera seminuda (Paulus 2014)
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys arachnites ssp. attica (Boiss. & Orph.) K.Richt., Pl. Eur. 1: 262 (1890)
= Ophrys arachnites var. attica Boiss. & Orph., Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 2, 3(4): 91 (1859)
= Ophrys attica (Boiss. & Orph.) B.D.Jacks., Index Kew. 2: 354 (1894)
= Ophrys attica (Boiss. & Orph.) Soó, Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin 9: 909 (1926), Schltr. in Fedde, Repert. Sonderbeih. A. 1: 116 (1926), isonym
= Ophrys carmeli ssp. attica (Boiss. & Orph.) Renz, Fl. Iranica 126: 79 (1978)
= Ophrys holosericea ssp. attica (Boiss. & Orph.) H.Sund., Taxon 24 (5-6): 625 (1975)
= Ophrys scolopax ssp. attica (Boiss. & Orph.) E.Nelson, Monogr. Ophrys 156 (1962)
= Ophrys umbilicata ssp. attica (Boiss. & Orph.) J.J.Wood, Kew Bull. 38 (1): 136 (1983)
variant :
var. beerii (Shifman) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 291 (2021)
Distribution: Israel
34 ISR
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys umbilicata ssp. beerii Shifman, J. Eur. Orch. 43(2): 412 (2011)
= Ophrys beerii (Shifman) Kreutz, Orchids Israel 247 (2021)
variant :
var. bucephala (Gölz & H.R.Reinhard) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 291 (2021)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl. (Lesvos, ?Lemnos); European Turkey; NW-Turkey
13 TUE 34 EAI TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys umbilicata ssp. bucephala (Gölz & H.R.Reinhard) Biel, Ber. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. 16 (1): 58 (1999)
= Ophrys bucephala Gölz & H.R.Reinhard, Mitt. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. Baden-Württemberg 21 (1): 13 (1989)
variant :
var. calycadniensis (Perschke) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 291 (2021)
Distribution: SE-Turkey (Cilicia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys umbilicata ssp. calycadniensis Perschke, J. Eur. Orch. 40(2): 230 (2008)
= Ophrys calycadniensis (Perschke) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 96(Orchid. 28): 16 (2015)
variant :
var. khuzestanica (Renz & Taubenheim) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 292 (2021)
Distribution: Iran; Iraq; SE-Turkey
34 IRN IRQ TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys umbilicata ssp. khuzestanica Renz & Taubenheim, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 41 (2): 273 (1983)
= Ophrys khuzestanica (Renz & Taubenheim) P.Delforge, Nat. Belg. 71 (3): 127 (1990)
variant :
var. lapethica (Gölz & H.R.Reinhard) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 292 (2021)
Distribution: S-Turkey (Antalya)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys umbilicata ssp. lapethica (Gölz & H.R.Reinhard) Faurh., J. Eur. Orch. 41(1): 194 (2009)
= Ophrys lapethica Gölz & H.R.Reinhard, Mitt. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. Baden-Württemberg 21 (4): 1052 (1989)
= Ophrys scolopax ssp. lapethica (Gölz & Reinhard) G.Morschek & K.Morschek, Orchids Cyprus 128 (1996)
variant :
var. latakiana (M.Schönfelder & H.Schönfelder) Hennecke; Beitr. Gatt. Ophrys 292 (2021)
Distribution: NW-Syria; S-Turkey (Hatay)
34 SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys umbilicata ssp. latakiana (M.Schönfelder & H.Schönfelder) Faurh. & H.Pedersen, Jour. Eur. Orch. 40(4): 695 (2008)
= Ophrys oestrifera ssp. latakiana (M.Schönfelder & H.Schönfelder) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 109 (2004)
= Ophrys latakiana Schönfelder & Schönfelder, Ber. Arbeitskrs. Heim. Orchid. 18 (1): 11-18 (2001)
species :
Ophrys zeusii Hirth; Jahresber. Naturwiss. Ver. Wuppertal 55: 163-188 (2002), pro hybr.
Distribution: Macedonia; N-Greece; Albania; ?Croatia
13 ALB GRC NMA
Remarks: probably stabilized hybrid O. sphegodes x O. sicula
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys sphegodes ssp. zeusii (M.Hirth) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 117 (2004)
species :
Ophrys ×abdita C.E.Hermos.; J. Eur. Orchid. 31 (4) (1999)
Distribution: N-Spain
12 SPA
Remarks: Ophrys sphegodes x (sphegodes x lutea)
species :
Ophrys ×adonidis A.Camus & Gomb.; Notul. Syst. (Paris) 14: 104 (1950)
Distribution: Lebanon
34 LEB
Remarks: Ophrys iricolor x transhyrcana
species :
Ophrys ×aghemani Renz; Fl. Iranica 126: 86 (1978)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
Remarks: Ophrys cornuta x transhyrcana
species :
Ophrys ×agustinii Kreutz; Ber. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. 7 (1): 38 (1990)
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
Remarks: Ophrys (x)catalaunica x sphegodes
species :
Ophrys ×alasiatica Kreutz, Segers & Walraven; Jour. Eur. Orch. 34 (3): 480 (2002)
Distribution: Cyprus
34 CYP
Remarks: Ophrys sicula x transhyrcana
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys cypricola Paulus, [ms.]
= Ophrys sphegodes ssp. alasiatica (Kreutz, Segers & Walraven) H.Baumann & Lorenz, Jour. Eur. Orch. 37(3): 728 (2005)
species :
Ophrys ×alberobellensis H.Baumann & Künkele; Mitt. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. Baden-Württemberg 18 (3): 496 (1986)
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
Remarks: Ophrys incubacea x tarentina
species :
Ophrys ×albertiana E.G.Camus; Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 38: 40, 43 (1891)
Distribution: Europe; Germany; Croatia
11 GER 13 CRO
Remarks: Ophrys apifera x holosericea
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys fuciflora var. issleri M.Schultze, (1907)
= Ophrys ×albertiana nothossp. petruccii (Romolini & Soca) T.Bruschi & Polverelli, GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 58(2): 215 (2015)
= Ophrys ×albertiana ssp. dalonzoi Perilli & Biagioli, GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 63(2): 511 (2020)
= Ophrys ×albertiana ssp. isabellae D´Alonzo & Perilli, GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 62(2): 343 (2019)
= Ophrys ×fassbenderi Ruppert, Deutsch. Bot. Monatsschr. 23: 6 (1912)
= Ophrys ×insidiosa Duffort, Orch. Gers 27 (Bull. Vulg. Sc. Nat. Gers, 2), E. G. Camus, Monogr. Orch. 305 (1902 publ. 1908)
= Ophrys ×intermedia Lang. ex A.Mayer, Jahresb. vaterl. Ver. Naturk. Württ. 72: 202 (1916)
= Ophrys ×issleri (M.Schultze) P.Fourn., (1927)
= Ophrys ×marsilii Rempicci, Buono, Gransinigh, Antonj & Magrini, J. Eur. Orch. 50(2-4): 389 (2018)
= Ophrys ×montenachii Blaschke, Die Orchidee 15: Sonderheft, 28 (1964)
= Ophrys ×petruccii Romolini & Soca, GIROS Notiz. 55: 58 (2014)
species :
Ophrys ×alejandrei Benito; Estud. Mus. Cienc. Nat. Álava 23: 57 (2011)
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
Remarks: Ophrys incubacea x insectifera
species :
Ophrys ×algeriensis Kreutz & L.Lewis; Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 36(1): 250 (2019), pro sp.
Distribution: Algeria; Spain
12 SPA 20 ALG
Remarks: Ophrys lutea x murbeckii
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys alpujata Riech. & H.Kohlmüller, Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 36(1): 268 (2019)
species :
Ophrys ×alibertiana C. & A.Alibertis; L´Orchidophile 86: 83 (1989)
Distribution: Crete
13 KRI
Remarks: Ophrys spruneri x tenthredinifera
species :
Ophrys ×amatoi Silletti & Medagli; Silvae: 62 (2015)
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
Remarks: Ophrys (x)bilineata x tarentina
species :
Ophrys ×ambigua Galesi; J. Eur. Orchid. 27 (2): 264 (1995)
Distribution: Sicily
13 SIC
Remarks: Ophrys oxyrrhynchos x passionis
species :
Ophrys ×angelarum Gennaio, Gargiulo, Medagli & Chetta; GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 59(2): 335 (2016)
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
Remarks: Ophrys bertolonii x (x)tardans
species :
Ophrys ×angelensis H.Baumann & Künkele; Mitt. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. Baden-Württemberg 18 (3): 493 (1986)
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
Remarks: Ophrys incubacea x promontorii
species :
Ophrys ×angelii Soca; Caesiana 19: 7 (2015)
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
Remarks: Ophrys phryganae x tenthredinifera
species :
Ophrys ×anomala Renz; Fedde, Repert. 30: 109 (1932)
Distribution: Crete
13 KRI
Remarks: Ophrys heldreichii x holosericea
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys ×bella-luna Beyrle, (2008)
species :
Ophrys ×ansedoniensis Soca; Monde Pl. 90 (452): 9 (1995)
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
Remarks: Ophrys araneola x bombyliflora
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys ×lessonae Romolini & Soca, GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 58(2): 381 (2015)
= Ophrys ×stivii Romolini & Soca, GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 58: 157 (2015)
= Ophrys ×moramarcoi D´Alonzo & Perilli, GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 62(2): 326 (2019)
species :
Ophrys ×antiochiana H.Baumann & Künkele; Mitt. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. Baden-Württemberg 18 (3): 527 (1986)
Distribution: S-Turkey (Ziyaret Mts.); Syria
34 SYR TUR
Remarks: Ophrys straussii x transhyrcana
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys straussii ssp. antiochiana (H.Baumann & Künkele) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 117 (2004)
= Ophrys reinholdii ssp. antiochiana (H.Baumann & Künkele) H.Baumann & Lorenz, Jour. Eur. Orch. 37(3): 728 (2005)
species :
Ophrys ×anxatina Congedo; GIROS Notiz. 36: 34 (2007)
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
Remarks: Subgen. Bombyliflorae, sect. Luteae. Ophrys phryganae x bertolonii
species :
Ophrys ×apicula J.C.Schmidt ex Rchb.fil.; Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 13-14: 79 (1852)
Distribution: Germany; Switzerland; France; former Yugoslavia (etc.)
11 GER SWI 12 FRA
Remarks: Ophrys araneola x insectifera
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys insectifera nothossp. tytecana P.Delforge, Orchidophile (Asnieres) 55: 309 (1983)
= Ophrys ×apicula nothossp. fabrei (Bernard) H.Baumann & Künkele, Mitt. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. Baden-Württemberg 18 (3): 416 (1986)
= Ophrys ×barbieriarum Romolini & Soca, GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 58(2): 380 (2015)
= Ophrys ×delamainii D´Aleizette, (1965)
= Ophrys ×fabrei C.Bernard, Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr., Lett. Bot. 130 (2): 155 (1983)
= Ophrys ×pfeifferi Rebholz, (1927)
= Ophrys ×tytecana (P.Delforge) P.Delforge, Nat. Belg. 70 (3): 95 (1989)
species :
Ophrys ×apolloniensis H.Baumann & Künkele; Mitt. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. Baden-Württemberg 18 (3): 475 (1986)
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
Remarks: Ophrys cornuta x mammosa
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys ×aetolica H.Baumann & Künkele, Mitt. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. Baden-Württemberg 18 (3): 507 (1986)
species :
Ophrys ×aquilana H.Baumann & Künkele; Mitt. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. Baden-Württemberg 18 (3): 483 (1986)
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
Remarks: Ophrys holosericea x promontorii
species :
Ophrys ×argentariensis Ruppert; Fedde, Repert. 31: 381 (1933)
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
Remarks: Ophrys crabronifera x incubacea
species :
Ophrys ×armentariae Ferrández, Benito & C.E.Hermos.; Flora Montiber. 65: 36 (2016)
Distribution: France; Spain; Sardinia; Italy; etc.
12 FRA SAR SPA 13 ITA
Remarks: Ophrys passionis x speculum
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys ×armentariae nothossp. filiorum Licheri & A.S.Loi, GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 62(1): 201 (2019)
= Ophrys ×armentariae nothossp. metellae Benigni, Barigelli & Petroselli, GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 62(2): 351 (2019)
= Ophrys ×armentariae nothossp. pacis Benigni, Mandozzi & Stortoni, GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 62(2): 352 (2019)
= Ophrys ×armentariae nothossp. sardoa Licheri [GIROS Orch.Spont.Eur.63(2): 448 (2020)]
= Ophrys ×pacis Benigni, Mandozzi & Stortoni, Micol. Marche, N. S. 4(2): 42 (2020)
= Ophrys ×sanctae-crucis A.Pinaud, M.Pinaud, C.Lamaurt & Lamaurt, Orchidophile 217: 181 (2018)
species :
Ophrys ×asterusica C. & A.Alibertis; L´Orchidophile 86: 81 (1989)
Distribution: Crete
13 KRI
Remarks: Ophrys fleischmannii x omegaifera
species :
Ophrys ×ayusoi C.E.Hermos. & Soca; Caesiana 13: 35 (1999)
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
Remarks: Ophrys arachnitiformis x aveyronensis
species :
Ophrys ×azurea H.Baumann & Künkele; Mitt. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. Baden-Württemberg 18 (3): 516 (1986)
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
Remarks: Ophrys bertoloniiformis x promontorii
species :
Ophrys ×baeteniorum P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 87(Orchid. 19): 221 (2006)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl. (Rhodos)
34 EAI
Remarks: Ophrys bornmuelleri x episcopalis ("colossaea x halia")
species :
Ophrys ×baldensis P.Delforge; Nat. Belg. 70 (3): 92 (1989)
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
Remarks: Ophrys benacensis x holosericea
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys ×chiesesica J.Kleyen, Nat. Belg. 70 (3): 87 (1989)
species :
Ophrys ×balearica P.Delforge; Mém. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belg. 11: 15 (1989 publ. 1990)
Distribution: Baleares (incl. Mallorca, Ibiza)
12 BAL
Remarks: Subgen. Fuciflorae, sect. Araniferae. Pollinator Chalicodoma sicula
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys bertolonii ssp. balearica (P.Delforge) L.Sáez & Rosselló, Flora Montiberica 7: 89 (1997)
= Ophrys bertolonii ssp. balearica (P.Delforge) Soca, Monde Pl. 96 (472): 13 (2001) [isonym]
= Ophrys bertolonii f. triloba Renz, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 28: 260 (1930) [nom. nud.]
= Ophrys bertolonii f. triloba (Renz) Soca, Monde Pl. 96 (472): 13 (2001)
species :
Ophrys ×ballerinii D´Alonzo & Perilli; GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 63(1): 26 (2020)
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
Remarks: Ophrys exaltata ("sipontensis") x sicula
species :
Ophrys ×barbaricina M.Allard & M.P.Grasso; Orchidophile (Asnières) 160: 59 (2004)
Distribution: Sardinia
12 SAR
Remarks: Ophrys morisii x speculum
species :
Ophrys ×barlae E.G.Camus; J. Bot. (Morot) 7: 159 (1893)
Distribution: France; etc.
12 FRA
Remarks: Ophrys benacensis x incubacea
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys ×sordida Ruppert, (1926)
species :
Ophrys ×bastianii Soca; Monde Pl. 90 (452): 12 (1995)
Distribution: France
12 FRA
Remarks: Ophrys (x)catalaunica ("magniflora") x scolopax
species :
Ophrys ×battandieri E.G.Camus; Monogr. Orch. 307 (1908)
Distribution: Algeria; Tunisia; Morocco; France; Italy; Spain; Sicily; etc.
12 FRA SPA 13 ITA SIC 20 ALG MOR TUN
Remarks: Ophrys fusca x lutea
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys lutea ssp. battandieri (E.G.Camus) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 105 (2004)
= Ophrys subfusca ssp. battandieri (E.G.Camus) Kreutz, Orchidee (Hamburg) 57(1): 102 (2006)
= Ophrys ×barauensis J.-M.Lewin, L´Orchidophile 140: 16 (2000)
= Ophrys ×carpitana M.R.Lowe, Gügel & Kreutz, Jour. Eur. Orch. 39(3/4): 638 (2007)
= Ophrys ×fraresiana M.R.Lowe, Piera & M.B.Crespo, Flora Montiber. 36: 20 (2007)
= Ophrys ×grottaparrinoi Soca, Caesiana 47: 46 (2017)
= Ophrys ×lucronii Benito, Estud. Mus. Cienc. Nat. Álava 18-19: 103 (2004)
= Ophrys ×serrae Benito, Flora Montiber. 60: 148 (2015)
= Ophrys ×subfusca nssp. fenarolii (Ferlan) Del Prete, Webbia 37 (2): 255 (1984)
species :
Ophrys ×baumanniana Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 25 (3-4): 363 (1979 publ. 1980)
Distribution: Crete
13 KRI
Remarks: Ophrys cretica x mammosa
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys ×baumanniana ssp. hierapetrae H. Baumann & Künkele, Mitt. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. Baden-Württemberg 18 (3): 454 (1986)
= Ophrys ×sieberi H.Baumann & Künkele, Mitt. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. Baden-Württemberg 18 (3): 453 (1986)
species :
Ophrys ×bayeri H.Baumann; Beih. Veröff. Naturschutz Landschaftspflege Baden-Württemberg 19: 142 (1981)
Distribution: Cyprus
34 CYP
Remarks: Ophrys fleischmannii x fusca
species :
Ophrys ×bazzarae D´Alonzo & Perilli; GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 63(2): 324 (2020)
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
Remarks: Ophrys (x)celiensis x garganica
species :
Ophrys ×benoitiana Tineo ex Lojac.; Fl. Sic. 3: 42 (1909)
Distribution: Sicily
13 SIC
Remarks: Ophrys lunulata x tenthredinifera
Synonyms: hidden
= Arachnites benoitii Tineo ex Tod., (1908-09)
= Ophrys tenthredinifera ssp. benoitiana (Lojac.) E.G.Camus, (1928)
= Ophrys ×lidbergii Mazzola, Webbia 36 (1): 80 (1982)
species :
Ophrys ×bernardii Looken; L´Orchidophile 75: 1211 (1987)
Distribution: France
12 FRA
Remarks: Ophrys aveyronensis x scolopax
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys ×jegouae Soulie & Soca
species :
Ophrys ×biagiolii Lumare & Medagli; GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 61(2): 364, 370 (2018)
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
Remarks: Ophrys (x)medaglii x parvimaculata
species :
Ophrys ×biancoae Medagli, D´Emerico & Ruggiero; L´Orchidophile 85: 29 (1989)
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
Remarks: Ophrys passionis x sphegodes
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys ×perrinii Soca, Monde Pl. 95 (470): 14 (2000)
= Ophrys ×zamba C.E.Hermos., Estud. Mus. Cienc. Nat. Alava 13: 118 (1998)
species :
Ophrys ×bibbiensis Soca; Monde Pl. 460: 21 (1997)
Distribution: Sicily
13 SIC
Remarks: Ophrys biancae x lacaitae
species :
Ophrys ×bilineata (Barla) Fiori; Fl. Italia 1(1): 235 (1896)
Distribution: France; Italy; Croatia; etc.
12 FRA 13 CRO ITA
Remarks: Ophrys bertolonii x incubacea
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys bertolonii var. bilineata Barla, Fl. Ill. Nice (Orch) t. 70 (1868)
= Ophrys ×lyrata H.Fleischm., Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien 474 (1904)
= Ophrys ×vernacchiae Soca, J. Eur. Orch. 665 (2014)
species :
Ophrys ×borakisiana P.Delforge & C.Delforge; L´Orchidophile 63: 687 (1984)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl. (Rhodos)
34 EAI
Remarks: Ophrys fusca x mammosa
species :
Ophrys ×borgersiae P.Delforge; L´Orchidophile 59: 496 (1983)
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
Remarks: Ophrys reinholdii x spruneri
species :
Ophrys ×boscocuturiensis Lumare, Medagli, Dura & Anelli; GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 61(2): 375 (2018)
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
Remarks: Ophrys (x)gumprechtii x tenthredinifera
species :
Ophrys ×boscoquartensis O.Danesch & E.Danesch; Die Orchidee 21: 361 (1970)
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
Remarks: Ophrys crabronifera ("biscutella") x sphegodes
species :
Ophrys ×bourlieri Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 22: 315 (1931)
Distribution: Algeria
20 ALG
Remarks: Ophrys (x)battandieri x tenthredinifera
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys personei nothossp. boulieri (Maire) H.Baumann & Künkele, Mitteilungsbl. Arbeitskr. Heimische Orchid. Baden-Württemberg 18(3): 505 (1986)
species :
Ophrys ×braun-blanquetiana Soó; Fedde, Repert. 26: 280 (1929)
Distribution: Corsica; Italy; etc.
12 COR 13 ITA
Remarks: Ophrys fusca x incubacea
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys ×braun-blanquetiana ssp. mirellae D´Alonzo & Perilli, GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 60(2): 404 (2017)
= Ophrys ×braun-blanquetiana ssp. perceiana F. M.Vázquez & R.Lorenz, J. Eur. Orch. 40(4): 712 (2008)
species :
Ophrys ×breieri Wallenwein & Saad; J. Eur. Orch. 44(4): 846 (2012)
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
Remarks: Ophrys dyris x speculum
species :
Ophrys ×breuerorum P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 83: 41 (2002)
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
Remarks: Ophrys crabronifera x exaltata
species :
Ophrys ×brigittae H.Baumann; Beih. Veröff. Naturschutz Landschaftspflege Baden-Württemberg 19: 142 (1981)
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
Remarks: Ophrys dyris x fusca
Synonyms: hidden
= Ophrys ×provecta Benito & C.E.Hermos., Estud. Mus. Cienc. Nat. Alava 15: 186 (2000)
species :
Ophrys ×brigodeana P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 91(Orchid. 23): 25 (-27) (2010)
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
Remarks: Ophrys speculum x umbilicata
species :
Ophrys ×broeckii A.Camus; Riv. Scient. 11: 60 (1924)
Distribution: France
12 FRA
Remarks: Ophrys arachnitiformis x araneola
Synonyms: hidden