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Ver. 18.4
Feb. 11th, 2024

409.0000 Family Cactaceae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 310 (1789), nom. cons.
133 genera, ca. 1700-1800 spp. There has been excessive splitting, leading to over 3000 species in some collectors view. The phylogeny is still somewhat in flux, but is getting more stabilized now. It should be good practice in the future that each ´new species´ description is confirmed by molecular genetics, not only by morphology.
Species listed in database: 1775; hybrids: 74
= Cereaceae DC. & Spreng.(transl.Jameson); Elem. Philos. Pl.: 142 (1821)
= Nopaleaceae Schmid & Curtman; Pflanzenr. 2: 135 (1856)
= Opuntiaceae Desv.; S. Gérardin de Mirecourt & N. A. Desvaux, Dict. Rais. Bot.: 52, 385 (1817)
406.3307 Genus Opuntia Mill.; Gard. Dict. Abr. ed. 4. (1754) s. str.
Distribution: North and South America. The species circumscription is sometimes highly disputed.
Species listed in database: 124; hybrids: 21
= Cactodendron Bigelow; Pacif. Railr. Rep. Parke, Bot. 3: 102, nom. inval.
= Chaffeyopuntia Fric & Schelle ex Kreuz.; Verzeichnis Amer. Sukk. Rev. Syst. Kakteen: 42 (1935)
= Clavarioidia Kreuz.; Verzeichnis Amer. Sukk. Rev. Syst. Kakteen: 41 (1935), nom. nud.
= Ficindica St.-Lag.; Ann. Soc. Bot. Lyon 7: 70 (1880)
= Nopalea Salm-Dyck; Cact. Hort. Dyck. ed. II. 63, 233 (1850)
= Phyllarthus Neck. ex M.Gomez; Fl. Cuba: 119 (1914)
= Platyopuntia (Engelm.) Fric & Schelle ex Kreuz.; Verzeichnis Sukk. Revis. Syst. Kakt.: 42 (1935)
= Plutonopuntia P.V.Heath; Calyx 6(2): 41 (1999), nom. nov.
= Subulatopuntia Fric & Schelle; Verzeichnis Amer. Sukk. Rev. Syst. Kakteen: 10 (1935)
= Tunas Lunell; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 4: 479 (1916)
species :
Opuntia acaulis Ekman & Werderm.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 29: 230 (1931)
Distribution: Hispaniola (Haiti)
81 HIS
Synonyms: hidden
= Consolea acaulis (Ekman & Werderm.) F.M.Knuth; C. Backeberg & F. M. Knuth, Kaktus-ABC 146 (1935)
species :
Opuntia aciculata Griffiths; Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 29: 10 (1916)
Name: Chenille Prickly Pear
Distribution: USA (Texas: Webb Co., northwest along Rio Grande to Laredo, Zapata Co.); Mexico (Tamaulipas, Nuevo Leon, Coahuila)
77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia aciculata var. orbiculata Backeb.; Descr. Cact. Nov. 1: 10 (1956 publ. 1957)
= Opuntia engelmannii subsp. aciculata (Griffiths) U.Guzmán & Mandujano; Cactac. Syst. Init. 16: 18 (2003)
= Opuntia engelmannii var. aciculata (Griffiths) D.Weniger; Cacti Southw. 178 (1969)
= Opuntia engelmannii var. flexospina (Griffiths) B.D.Parfitt & Pinkava; Madroño 35: 348 (1988 publ. 1989)
= Opuntia flexospina Griffiths; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 43: 87 (1916)
= Opuntia lindheimeri var. aciculata (Griffiths) Bravo; Cact. Suc. Mex. 19(2): 47 (1974)
= Opuntia strigil var. flexospina (Griff.) L.D.Benson; Cact. Succ. J. (USA) 46(1): 79 (1974)
species :
Opuntia altomagdalenensis Xhonneux; Int. Cact. Advent. 71: 29 (2006)
Distribution: Colombia
82 CLM
species :
Opuntia amarilla Griffiths; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 46: 205 (1919)
Distribution: Mexico (Guanajuaro, Hidalgo)
79 MEX
species :
Opuntia anacantha Speg.; Anal. Mus. Buenos Aires 11: 513 (1904)
Distribution: Bolivia; Paraguay (Pres. Hayes); Argentina (Formosa, Jujuy, Salta)
83 BOL 85 ARG PAR
Remarks: often included in O. elata s. l.
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia canina Speg.; Anal. Mus. Buenos Aires 11: 518 (1904)
= Opuntia grosseana F.A.C.Weber; Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat. Par., 391 (1904)
variant :
var. kiska-loro (Speg.) R.Kiesling; Candollea 53(2): 475 (1998)
Distribution: Argentina (Catamarca, Chaco, Corrientes, Entre Rios, Formosa, Santiago del Estero)
85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia anacantha subsp. kiska-loro (Speg.) Lodé; Cact.-Advent. Int. [Almeria] 35(122): 179 (2023)
= Opuntia kiska-loro Speg.; Anal. Mus. Buenos Aires 11: 516 (1905)
= Platyopuntia kiska-loro (Speg.) F.Ritter; Kakteen Südamer. 2: 407 (1980)
variant :
var. utkilio (Speg.) R.Kiesling; Candollea 53(2): 476 (1998)
Distribution: Paraguay (Alto Paraguay); Argentina (Corrientes, Entre Rios, Salta)
85 ARG PAR
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia anacantha subsp. utkilio (Speg.) Lodé; Cact.-Advent. Int. [Almeria] 35(122): 179 (2023)
= Opuntia utkilio Speg.; Anal. Mus. Buenos Aires 11: 516 (1905)
species :
Opuntia arechavaletae Speg.; Anal. Mus. Buenos Aires 11: 520 (1905)
Distribution: S-Brazil (Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina); Uruguay (Maldonado, Montevideo, Rio Negro, Rocha, San Jose, Rocha); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Entre Rios)
84 BRA 85 ARG URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia monacantha subsp. arechavaletae (Speg.) Guiggi; Cactology 5(Suppl. 5): 1 (2017)
species :
Opuntia atrispina Griffiths; Rep. (Annual) Missouri Bot. Gard. 21: 172 (1910)
Name: Dark-spined Prickly Pear
Distribution: USA (S-Texas); Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila)
77 USA 79 MEX
species :
Opuntia auberi Pfeiff.; Otto & A. Dietr., Allg. Gartenz. 8: 282 (1840)
Name: Lengua de Vaca, Nopal de Lenguita
Distribution: Mexico (Campeche, Chiapas, Colima, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Morelos, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Veracruz); Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Cuba
79 MEX 80 GUA HON NIC 81 CUB
Synonyms: hidden
= Nopalea auberi (Pfeiff.) Salm-Dyck; Cact. Hort. Dyck. ed. II. 64, 233 (1850)
= Nopalea guatemalensis Rose; Smithson. Misc. Coll. 50: 330 (1907)
= Opuntia guatemalensis (Rose) Britton & Rose; Cactaceae 1: 113, 218 (1919)
= Opuntia velizii Lodé; Int. Cact. Advent. 102: 30 (2014), nom. nov. for Nopalea guatemalensis Rose
species :
Opuntia aurantiaca Gillies ex Lindl.; Bot. Reg. t. 1606 (1833)
Distribution: Namibia [I]; South Africa [I] (widespread); Australia [I] (Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I]); Uruguay (Maldonado, Montevideo, Paysandu, Rio Negro); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Entre Rios)
27 nam saf 50 aus 85 ARG URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Austrocylindropuntia maldonadensis (Arechav.) Backeb.; Cact. Succ. J. (Los Angeles) 23: 13 (1951)
= Cactus aurantiaca Gillies ex Loudon; Hort. Brit., Suppl. 2: 652 (1839)
= Cylindropuntia maldonadensis (Arechav.) Backeb.; Backeb. & Knuth, Kaktus-ABC, 122 (1935)
= Opuntia extensa Salm-Dyck ex Pfeiff.; Enum. Diagn. Cact.: 147 (1837)
= Opuntia maldonadensis Arechav.; Anales Mus. Nac. Montevideo 5: 286 (1905)
= Opuntia montevidensis Speg.; Anales Mus. Nac. Buenos Aires 11: 515 (1905)
species :
Opuntia aurea E.M.Baxter; Cact. Succ. J. (Los Angeles) 5: 489 (1933)
Name: Creeping Beavertail, Yellow Beavertail
Distribution: USA (Arizona)
76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia erinacea var. aurea (E.M.Baxter) S.L.Welsh; Great Basin Naturalist 46: 255 (1986)
= Opuntia lubrica var. aurea (E.M.Baxter) Backeb.; Cact.: Handb. Kakteenk. 1: 585 (1958)
species :
Opuntia aureispina (S.Brack & K.D.Heil) Pinkava & B.D.Parfitt; Sida 13(2): 128 (1988), et J. Arizona-Nevada Acad. Sci. 33(2): 150 (2001)
Name: Golden-spined Prickly Pear
Distribution: USA (SW-Texas)
77 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia azurea var. aureispina (S.Brack & K.D.Heil) A.M.Powell & Weedin; Cacti Trans-Pecos 136 (2004)
= Opuntia azurea var. diplopurpurea A.M.Powell & Weedin; Cacti Trans-Pecos 130 (2004)
= Opuntia azurea var. discolor Weedin; Cacti Trans-Pecos 139 (2004)
= Opuntia azurea var. parva A.M.Powell & Weedin; Cacti Trans-Pecos 134 (2004)
= Opuntia luteispina Guiggi; Cactology 3(Suppl. II): 3 (2012)
= Opuntia macrocentra var. aureispina S.Brack & K.D.Heil; Cact. Succ. J. (USA) 60(1): 17 (1988)
species :
Opuntia austrina Small; Fl. S.E. U.S.: 816 (1903)
Distribution: Spain [I]; USA (Florida, Texas, Alabama, Mississippi)
12 spa 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia ammophila Small; J. N. Y. Bot. Gard. 20: 29 (1919)
= Opuntia atrocapensis Small; Man. S.E. Fl.: 905 (1933)
= Opuntia compressa var. ammophila (Small) L.D.Benson; Cact. Succ. J. (Los Angeles) 41: 124 (1969)
= Opuntia compressa var. austrina (Small) L.D.Benson; Cact. Succ. J. (Los Angeles) 41: 125 (1969)
= Opuntia cumulicola Small; Man. S.E. Fl.: 907 (1933)
= Opuntia humifusa var. ammophila (Small) L.D.Benson; Cact. Succ. J. (USA) 48(2): 59 (1976)
= Opuntia humifusa var. austrina (Small) Dress; Baileya 19(4): 164 (1975)
= Opuntia nitens Small; Man. S.E. Fl.: 906 (1933)
= Opuntia pisciformis Small ex Britton & Rose; Cactaceae 4: 258 (1923)
= Opuntia polycarpa Small; Man. Southeast. Fl. 906 (1933)
= Opuntia spinalba Raf.; Atlantic J. 1: 147 (1832)
= Opuntia turgida Small ex Britton & Rose; Cactaceae 4: 265 (1923)
species :
Opuntia basilaris Engelm. & J.M.Bigelow; Pacif. Rail. Rep. 4: 48 (1856)
Name: Beavertail Cactus, Beavertail Prickly Pear, Branching Beavertail Cactus, Elongated Beavertail Cactus, Kern Beavertail Cactus, Short-joint Beavertail Cactus, Trelease Beavertail Cactus, Trelease´s Beavertail Prickly Pear, Bakersfield Beavertail Cactus, Woodbury Beavertail Cactus
Distribution: USA (California, S-Nevada, S-Utah, N-Arizona); Mexico (N-Sonora, Baja California Norte)
76 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia basilaris subsp. heilii (S.L.Welsh & Neese) Majure; Plants [Basel] 12(14)-2677: 13 (2023)
= Opuntia basilaris subsp. whitneyana (E.M.Baxter) Munz; Aliso 4: 94 (1958)
= Opuntia basilaris var. albiflora (E.M.Baxter) W.T.Marshall & T.M.Bock; Cactaceae Ill. Keys: 65 (1941), nom. illeg.
= Opuntia basilaris var. albiflora Walton; Cact. J. (London) 2: 163 (1899)
= Opuntia basilaris var. cordata Fobe; Monatsschr. Kakteenkd. 16: 46 (1906)
= Opuntia basilaris var. heilii S.L.Welsh & Neese; Great Basin Nat. 43(4): 700 (1983)
= Opuntia basilaris var. humistrata (Griffiths) W.T.Marshall; W. T. Marshall & T. M. Bock, Cactaceae Ill. Keys: 65 (1941)
= Opuntia basilaris var. ramosa Parish; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 19: 92 (1892)
= Opuntia basilaris var. whitneyana (E.M.Baxter) W.T.Marshall & T.M.Bock; Cactaceae Ill. Keys: 65 (1941)
= Opuntia brachyclada subsp. humistrata (Griffiths) Wiggins & C.B.Wolf; Abrams, Ill. Fl. Pacific States 3: 148 (1951)
= Opuntia humistrata Griffiths; Bull. Torr. Bot. Cl. 43: 83 (1916)
= Opuntia intricata Griffiths; Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 29: 10 (1916)
= Opuntia whitneyana E.M.Baxter; Calif. Cactus, 37 (1935)
= Opuntia whitneyana var. albiflora E.M.Baxter; Calif. Cactus: 39 (1935)
variant :
var. treleasei (J.M.Coult.) J.M.Coult. ex Toumey; Bailey, Cycl. Amer. Hort. 3: 1147 (1901)
Distribution: USA (SC-California: Kern Co., SE-California: San Bernardino Co., very local, NW-Arizona); Mexico (Sonora)
76 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia basilaris subsp. treleasei (J.M.Coult.) Guiggi; Succulentes 2008(1): 7 (2008)
= Opuntia treleasei J.M.Coult.; U. S. Dept. Agric. Contrib. Nat. Herb. 3: 434 (1896)
= Opuntia treleasei var. kernii Griffiths & Hare; Bull. New Mexico Agric. Exp. Sta. 60: 81 (1906)
variant :
var. brachyclada (Griffiths) Munz; Man. S. Calif. Bot.: 325 (1935)
Name: Little Beavertail
Distribution: USA (S-California: desert side of San Gabriel, San Bernardino Mts.)
76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia basilaris subsp. brachyclada (Griffiths) Guiggi; Succulentes 2008(1): 7 (2008)
= Opuntia brachyclada Griffiths; Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 27: 25 (1914)
variant :
var. longiareolata (Clover & Jotter) L.D.Benson; Cacti Ariz., ed. 2: 43 (1950)
Distribution: USA (California, Arizona)
76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia basilaris subsp. longiareolata (Clover & Jotter) Lodé; Cact.-Advent. Int. [Almeria] 35(122): 180 (2023)
= Opuntia basilaris subsp. longiareolata (Clover & Jotter) Majure; Plants [Basel] 12(14)-2677: 13 (2023)
= Opuntia longiareolata Clover & Jotter; Bull. Torr. Bot. Cl. 68: 418 (1941)
species :
Opuntia bonplandii (Kunth) F.A.C.Weber; Bois, Dict. Hort. 2: 894 (1893)
Distribution: Ecuador
83 ECU
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
Synonyms: hidden
= Cactus bonplandii Kunth; Nov. Gen. Sp. [H. B. K.] 6: 69 (1823)
= Opuntia beckeriana K.Schum.; Gesamtbeschr. Kakt.: 722 (1898)
species :
Opuntia bravoana E.M.Baxter; Cact. Succ. J. (Los Angeles) 5: 436 (1933)
Distribution: Mexico (Baja California Sur)
79 MEX
species :
Opuntia caboensis F.Mercado & León de la Luz; Phytotaxa 508(3): 272 (2021)
Distribution: Mexico (Baja California Sur)
79 MEX
species :
Opuntia caracassana Salm-Dyck; Cact. Hort. Dyck. ed. II. 238 (1850)
Distribution: El Salvador; Grenada; Trinidad; Aruba; Bonaire; Curacao; Colombia (Atlántico, Bolívar, La Guajira, Magdalena, Norte de Santander, Santander); Isla Margarita; Venezuela (Anzoategui, Aragua, Carabobo, Dependencias Federales, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Falcon, Guarico, Lara, Monagas, Nueva Esparta, Sucre, Tachira, Trujillo, Zulia)
80 ELS 81 ARU BON CUR GRE TRT VEN 82 CLM VEN
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia bisetosa Pittier; J. Washington Acad. Sci. 26: 42 (1936)
= Opuntia pennellii Britton & Rose; Cactaceae 1: 115, 219 (1919)
= Opuntia salvadorensis Britton & Rose; Standl. & Calderon, Lista Prelim. Pl. Salvad. 158 (1925), et J. Washington Acad. Sci. 15: 104 (1925)
= Opuntia tunoides Britton & Shafer ex Bold.; Fl. Dutch W. Ind. Is. 2: 81 (1914)
= Opuntia wentiana Britton & Rose; Cactaceae. 1: 116 (1919)
= Opuntia wentiana Britton & Rose ex Pittier; J. Washington Acad. Sci. 26: 42, descr. ampl. (1936)
species :
Opuntia chaffeyi Britton & Rose; Contrib. US. Nat. Herb. 16: 241 (1913)
Name: Sacasil
Distribution: Mexico (Coahuila, Durango, Nuevo Leon, San Luis Potosi, Zacatecas)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Plutonopuntia chaffeyi (Britton & Rose) P.V.Heath; Calyx 6(2): 41 (1999)
species :
Opuntia chiangiana Scheinvar & Manzanero; Novon 19(2): 222 (2009)
Distribution: Mexico (Oaxaca)
79 MEX
species :
Opuntia chisosensis (Anthony) D.J.Ferguson; Cact. Succ. J. (USA) 58(3): 124 (1986)
Name: Texas Prickly Pear
Distribution: USA (W-Texas: Chisos Mts.); Mexico (Coahuila)
77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia lindheimeri var. chisosensis M.S.Anthony; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 55: 252 (1956)
species :
Opuntia chlorotica Engelm. & J.M.Bigelow; Pacif. Rail. Rep. 4: 38 (1856)
Name: Pancake Pear, Clock-face Prickly Pear, Flapjack Prickly Pear
Distribution: USA (S-California: Mojave desert, rare, S-Nevada, Arizona: widespread, SW-New Mexico: west of Rio Grande); Mexico (Baja California Norte, Baja California Sur, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Sonora)
76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia palmeri Engelm. ex J.M.Coult.; U. S. Dept. Agric. Contrib. Nat. Herb. 3: 423 (1896)
= Opuntia tidballii J.M.Bigelow; Pacif. Railr. Rep. Whipple, Bot. 4(5
species :
Opuntia clarkiorum Rebman; Madroño 62(1): 63 (2015)
Distribution: Mexico (Baja California Norte)
79 MEX
species :
Opuntia cochenillifera (L.) Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. 8.: no. 6 (1768)
Name: Nopal chamacuero, cochineal nopal cactus, tunita, Nopal, Tuna mansa, Cochineal cactus
Distribution: Spain [I]; Azores [I]; Canary Isl. [I]; Guinea [I]; Benin [I]; Sudan [I]; Mozambique [I]; Rodrigues [I]; S-China [I]; Pakistan [I]; India [I] (Andhra Pradesh [I], Karnataka [I], Maharashtra [I], Rajasthan [I], Tripura [I], Uttar Pradesh [I]); Bangladesh [I]; Vietnam [I]; Philippines [I]; Java [I]; Fiji [I]; Society Isl. [I] (Tahiti [I]); Tuamotu Arch. [I] (Makatea Isl. [I], Manihi [I], ?Rangiroa [I]); Austral Isl. [I] (Rapa Iti [I], Rurutu [I]); Palau [I] (Koror [I]); Guam [I]; Hawaii [I] (Kauai [I], Oahu [I]); USA [I] (Florida [I]); Mexico (Campeche, Chiapas, Colima, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Michoacan, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Quintana Roo, San Luis Potosi, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Yucatan); Honduras [I]; Nicaragua [I]; Costa Rica [I]; Bahamas [I]; Cuba [I]; Cayman Isl. [I]; Jamaica [I]; Hispaniola [I]; Puerto Rico [I]; Virgin Isl. [I] (St. Croix [I], St. John [I], St. Thomas [I], Tortola [I], Virgin Gorda [I]); St. Martin/St. Maarten [I]; St. Barthélémy [I]; Saba [I]; St. Eustatius [I]; St. Kitts [I]; Antigua [I]; Barbuda [I]; Montserrat [I]; Guadeloupe [I]; Dominica [I]; Martinique [I]; St. Lucia [I]; Grenada [I]; Barbados [I]; Tobago [I]; Trinidad [I]; Colombia [I]; Isla Margarita [I]; Guyana [I]; Brazil [I]
12 spa 21 azo cny 22 ben gui 24 sud 26 moz 29 rod 36 chi 40 ban ind pak 41 vie 42 jaw phi 60 fij 61 aui sci tua 62 gum plu 63 haw 78 usa 79 MEX 80 cos hon nic 81 aba bah bbd cay cub dom gdl gre his jam mar mts pue sab sba ste stk stl stm trt ven vir 82 clm guy 84 bra
Synonyms: hidden
= Cactus coccinellifer Steud.; Nom. ed. I. 181 (1821)
= Cactus cochenillifer L.; Sp. Pl. 468 (1753)
= Cactus subinermis Link ex Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 246 (1840)
= Nopalea brittonii Houghton; J. Cact. Succ. Soc. Amer. 1(5): 4 (1929)
= Nopalea brittonii var. variegata Houghton; J. Cact. Succ. Soc. Amer. 1(5): 4 (1929), nom. nud.
= Nopalea cochenillifera (L.) Salm-Dyck; Cact. Hort. Dyck.: 64 (1850)
= Nopalea nuda Backeb.; Cact. Handb. Kakteenk. 6: 3629 (1962)
= Opuntia coccinellifera Steud.; Nom. ed. II. 2: 220 (1841)
= Opuntia magnifolia Noronha; Verh. Batav. Genootsch. Kunsten 5(4): 22 (1790), nom. nud.
= Opuntia nuda (Backeb.) G.D.Rowley; Rep. Pl. Succ., 22 (Regnum Veg. 87): 11 (1973)
= Opuntia subinermis Link ex Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 2: 222 (1841), nom. nud.
species :
Opuntia crystalenia Griffiths; Bull. Torr. Bot. Cl. 43: 528 (1916)
Distribution: Mexico (Tabasco)
79 MEX
Remarks: status uncertain, near O. robusta
species :
Opuntia curassavica (L.) Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. VIII. n. 7 (1768)
Name: Pin cushion, Suckers (Lesser Antilles)
Distribution: Puerto Rico; St. Eustatius; Redonda; Aruba; Bonaire; Curacao; Colombia; Venezuela (Dependencias Federales, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Nueva Esparta)
81 ABA ARU BON CUR PUE STE 82 CLM VEN
Synonyms: hidden
= Cactus curassavicus L.; Sp. Pl. 469 (1753)
= Opuntia antillana Britton & Rose; Brooklyn Bot. Gard. Mem. 1: 73 (1918)
= Opuntia borinquensis Britton & Rose; Cactaceae 1: 103 (1919)
= Opuntia curassavica var. colombiana Backeb.; Descr. Cact. Nov. 1: 10 (1956 publ. 1957)
= Opuntia curassavica var. longa Haw.; Saxifrag. Enum. 2: 71 (1821)
= Opuntia domingensis Britton & Rose ex Urb.; Symb. Antill. 8: 466 (1920), nomen, Britton & Rose, Cactaceae 4: 259(1923)
= Opuntia hattoniana Britton & Rose; T. H. Johnston & H. Tryon, Rep. Prickly Pear Comm.: 97 (1914)
species :
Opuntia deamii Rose; Contrib. US. Nat. Herb. 13: 309 (1911)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas); Guatemala; Honduras
79 MEX 80 GUA HON
species :
Opuntia decumbens Salm-Dyck; Hort. Dyck. 361 (1834)
Name: Arpon, Lengua de Vaca, Nopal de Culebra, Nopal de Tortuga
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Colima, Durango, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Veracruz); Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Costa Rica; Panama
79 MEX 80 COS GUA HON NIC PAN
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia decumbens var. longispina Eichlam; Monatsschr. Kakteenkd. 21: 116 (1911)
= Opuntia irrorata Mart. ex Pfeiff.; Enum. Diagn. Cact.: 154 (1837), nom. inval.
= Opuntia repens Karw. ex Salm-Dyck; Hort. Dyck.: 361 (1834), pro syn.
species :
Opuntia dejecta Salm-Dyck; Hort. Dyck. 361 (1834)
Name: Nopal Chamacuero, Spiny Nopal
Distribution: India [I]; Australia [I] (Queensland [I]); Mexico (Chiapas, Colima, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Jalisco, Michoacan, Oaxaca, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Tamaulipas, Veracruz); Cuba
40 ind 50 aus 79 MEX 81 CUB
Synonyms: hidden
= Nopalea dejecta (Salm-Dyck) Salm-Dyck; Cact. Hort. Dyck. ed. II. 64, 233 (1850)
= Opuntia diffusa Pfeiff.; Enum. Diagn. Cact.: 159 (1837)
= Opuntia horizontalis Pfeiff.; Enum. Diagn. Cact.: 159 (1837)
species :
Opuntia delafuentiana Martínez-Gonz., Luna-Vega, Gallegos & García-Sand.; Phytotaxa 231(3): 233 (2015)
Distribution: Mexico (Hidalgo)
79 MEX
species :
Opuntia depressa Rose; Smithson. Misc. Coll. 50: 517 (1908)
Distribution: Mexico (Guerrero, Morelos, Oaxaca, Puebla, Tlaxcala, Veracruz)
79 MEX
species :
Opuntia dillenii (Ker Gawl.) Haw.; Suppl. Pl. Succ. 79 (1819)
Name: Higo de mar, Tuna brava, Prickly pear
Distribution: Portugal [I]; Spain [I]; Morocco [I]; Libya [I]; Canary Isl. [I] (Lanzarote [I], Fuerteventura [I], Gran Canaria [I], Tenerife [I], La Gomera [I], Hierro [I], La Palma Isl. [I]); Togo [I]; Benin [I]; South Africa [I] (KwaZulu-Natal [I]); Saudi Arabia [I]; Yemen [I]; Pakistan [I]; India [I] (Karnataka [I], Maharashtra [I], Rajasthan [I], Tamil Nadu [I], Uttar Pradesh [I]); Sri Lanka [I]; Bangladesh [I]; Andaman Isl. [I]; Nicobar Isl. [I]; Vietnam [I]; South China Sea Isl. [I]; Australia [I] (Queensland [I]); USA (Florida, Georgia, South Carolina); Mexico (Campeche, Guerrero, Michoacan, Oaxaca, Queretaro, Quintana Roo, San Luis Potosi, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Yucatan); Bahamas; Cuba; Cayman Isl.; Jamaica; Hispaniola; Puerto Rico (incl. Vieques Isl., Desecheo Isl., Icacos Isl.); Navassa Isl.; Virgin Isl. (Anegada, Guana, St. Croix, St. John, St. Thomas, Tortola, Virgin Gorda); Anguilla; St. Martin/St. Maarten; St. Barthélémy; Saba; St. Eustatius; St. Kitts; Antigua; Barbuda; Redonda; Montserrat; Guadeloupe; Marie-Galante; Dominica; Martinique; St. Lucia; Grenadines; Grenada; Barbados; Colombia (Santander); Isla Margarita; Ecuador; Brazil [I]
12 por spa 20 lby mor 21 cny 22 ben tog 27 saf 35 sau yem 40 ban ind pak srl 41 and ncb vie 42 scs 50 aus 78 USA 79 MEX 81 ABA AGU BAH BBD CAY CUB DOM GDL GRE HIS JAM MAR MTS NAV PUE SAB SBA STE STK STL STM STV VEN VIR 82 CLM 83 ECU 84 bra
Synonyms: hidden
= Cactus dillenii Ker Gawl.; Bot. Reg. t. 255 (1818)
= Opuntia dillenii subsp. melanosperma (Svenson) Lodé; Cact.-Advent. Int. [Almeria] 35(122): 180 (2023)
= Opuntia dillenii var. minor Salm-Dyck; Hort. Dyck.: 185 (1834)
= Opuntia dillenii var. orbiculata Salm-Dyck; Cact. Hort. Dyck., ed. 2: 67 (1849)
= Opuntia maritima Raf.; Med. Fl. 2: 247 (1830)
= Opuntia melanosperma Svenson; Amer. J. Bot. 33: 471 (1946)
= Opuntia stricta var. dillenii (Ker Gawl.) L.D.Benson; Cact. Succ. J. (Los Angeles) 41: 126 (1969)
= Opuntia zebrina Small; J. N. Y. Bot. Gard 20: 35 (1919)
species :
Opuntia discolor Britton & Rose; Cactaceae 1: 109, 218 (1919)
Distribution: Paraguay (Alto Paraguay); Argentina (Chaco, Formosa, Jujuy, Santiago del Estero)
85 ARG PAR
Synonyms: hidden
= Platyopuntia discolor (Britton & Rose) F.Ritter; Kakteen Südamer. 2: 497 (1980)
species :
Opuntia drummondii Graham; Maund, Botanist 5: t. 246 (1842), et ex Prits. Ic. Ind. 1: 767 (1846)
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Texas)
77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia frustulenta Gibbes; Proc. Elliott Soc. Nat. Hist. Charleston 1: 273 (1858)
= Opuntia pes-corvi Leconte ex Engelm.; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 3: 346 (1857)
= Opuntia tracyi Britton; Torreya 11: 152 (1911)
species :
Opuntia elata Link & Otto; Verh. Ver. Befoerd. Gartenb. 6: 434 (1830), nomen, et ex Salm-Dyck, Hort. Dyck. 861 (1834)
Distribution: Bolivia (Cochabamba, Santa Rosa); Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul); Paraguay (Pres. Hayes); Uruguay (Canelones, Salto); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Corrientes, Entre Rios, Misiones, Santa Fe)
83 BOL 84 BRA 85 ARG PAR URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia alko-tuna Cárdenas; Lilloa 23: 23 (1950)
= Opuntia bispinosa Backeb.; Cactus (Paris) 75: 32 (1962)
= Opuntia bonaerensis Speg.; Contr. Fl. Tandil: 18 (1901)
= Opuntia canterae Arechav.; Anal. Mus. Montevid. 5: 278 (1905)
= Opuntia elata subsp. bonaerensis (Speg.) Guiggi; Cactology 5(Suppl. 5): 1 (2017)
= Opuntia elata subsp. rioplatensis (Font) M.H.J.van der Meer; Cact. Phantast. 2022(1)-1: 5 (2022)
= Opuntia elata var. obovata E.Walther; J. Cact. Succ. Soc. Amer. 1: 204 (1930)
= Opuntia fuscolineata Starm. & Mucher; Wulfenia 12: 60 (2005)
= Opuntia pyrrhantha (F.Ritter) P.J.Braun & Esteves; Succulenta (Netherl.) 74(3): 133 (1995)
= Opuntia rioplatense Font; Succ. Pl. Res. 8: 85 (2014), nom. nov.
= Opuntia viridirubra subsp. rubrogemmia (F.Ritter) P.J.Braun & Esteves; Succulenta (Netherl.) 74(3): 133 (1995)
= Opuntia vitelliniflora (F.Ritter) P.J.Braun & Esteves; Succulenta (Netherl.) 74(3): 133 (1995)
= Opuntia vitelliniflora subsp. interjecta (F.Ritter) P.J.Braun & Esteves; Succulenta (Netherl.) 74(3): 133 (1995)
= Platyopuntia interjecta F.Ritter; Kakteen Südamer. 2: 499 (1980)
= Platyopuntia pyrrhantha F.Ritter; Kakteen Südamer. 2: 497 (1980)
= Platyopuntia rubrogemmia F.Ritter; Kakteen Südamer. 1: 33 (1979)
= Platyopuntia vitelliniflora F.Ritter; Kakteen Südamer. 2: 498 (1980)
variant :
var. delaetiana F.A.C.Weber; Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat. (Paris) 10: 392 (1904)
Distribution: Paraguay (Alto Paraguay); Argentina (Chaco, Corrientes, Entre Rios, Formosa, Misiones, Santa Fe)
85 ARG PAR
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia cardiosperma K.Schum.; Monatsschr. Kakteenkd. 150 (1899)
= Opuntia chakensis Speg.; Anal. Mus. Buenos Aires 11: 519 (1905)
= Opuntia delaetiana (F.A.C.Weber) Vaupel; Blüh. Kakt. u. a. Sukk. Pflanzen 37: t. 148 (1913)
= Opuntia elata subsp. delaetiana (F.A.C.Weber) M.H.J.van der Meer; Cact. Phantast. 2022(1)-1: 5 (2022)
= Opuntia elata var. cardiosperma (K.Schum.) R.Kiesling; Fl. Ilustr. Entre Rios 4b: 412 (2005)
= Opuntia limitata (F.Ritter) P.J.Braun & Esteves; Succulenta (Netherl.) 74: 133 (1995)
= Opuntia mieckleyi K.Schum.; Blühende Kakteen, t. 44 (1903)
= Platyopuntia cardiosperma (K.Schum.) F.Ritter; Kakteen Südamer. 1: 246 (1979)
= Platyopuntia limitata F.Ritter; Kakteen Südamer. 1: 245 (1979)
species :
Opuntia elatior Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. VIII. n. 4 (1768)
Distribution: Gibraltar [I]; Morocco [I]; St. Helena [I]; India [I] (Andhra Pradesh [I], Daman [I], Gujarat [I], Karnataka [I], Madhya Pradesh [I], Maharashtra [I], Punjab [I], Rajasthan [I], Tripura [I], Uttar Pradesh [I]); Andaman Isl. [I]; Nicobar Isl. [I]; Bangladesh [I]; Java [I]; Australia [I] (Northern Territory [I], South Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I]); Society Isl. [I] (Tahiti [I]); Mexico (Chiapas); Guatemala; Costa Rica; Panama; Saba; Redonda; Montserrat; Trinidad; Aruba; Bonaire; Curacao; Colombia (Antioquia, Boyacá, Cundinamarca, Huila, La Guajira, Santander, Valle); Venezuela (Aragua, Carabobo, Dependencias Federales, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Falcon, Miranda, Merida, Sucre, Tachira, Yaracuy, Zulia)
12 gib 20 mor 28 sth 40 ban ind 41 and ncb 42 jaw 50 aus 61 sci 79 MEX 80 COS GUA PAN 81 ABA ARU BON CUR MTS SAB TRT 82 CLM VEN
Synonyms: hidden
= Cactus elatior (Mill.) Willd.; Enum. Hort. Berol. Suppl. 84 (1814)
= Cactus humilis Haw.; Misc. Nat.: 187 (1803)
= Cactus nigricans Haw.; Misc. Nat.: 187 (1803)
= Cactus polyanthos Sims; Bot. Mag. 53: t. 2691 (1826)
= Cactus pseudococcinillifer Bertol. ex DC.; Prodr. 3: 473 (1828)
= Cactus tuna var. elatior (Mill.) Sims; Bot. Mag. 38: t. 1557 (1813)
= Cactus tuna var. flava Sims; Bot. Mag. 38: t. 1557 (1813)
= Cactus tuna var. major Roxb.; Hort. Bengal.: 37 (1814)
= Cactus tuna var. nigricans (Haw.) Sims; Bot. Mag. 38: t. 1557 (1813)
= Opuntia bergeriana F.A.C.Weber ex A.Berger; Gard. Chron., I. 34 (1904)
= Opuntia boldinghii Britton & Rose; Cactaceae 1: 155 (1919)
= Opuntia coccinea Pfeiff.; Enum. Diagn. Cact.: 161 (1837)
= Opuntia eichlamii Rose; Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 13: 310 (1911)
= Opuntia flexibilis Pfeiff.; Enum. Diagn. Cact.: 161 (1837)
= Opuntia hispanica Griffiths; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 46: 198 (1919)
= Opuntia horrida Salm-Dyck ex DC.; Prodr. 3: 472 (1828)
= Opuntia humilis Haw.; Syn. Pl. Succ.: 189 (1812)
= Opuntia ledienii A.Berger; Hort. Mortol. 233 (1912), nom. nud.
= Opuntia maidenii Griffiths; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 46: 201 (1919)
= Opuntia megalantha Griffiths; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 43: 530 (1916)
= Opuntia multiflora G.Nicholson; Ill. Dict. Gard. 2: 503 (1886)
= Opuntia nigricans (Haw.) Haw.; Syn. Pl. Succ.: 189 (1812)
= Opuntia nigricans C.F.Först.; Handb. Kakteenk. 496 (1846), nom. illeg.
= Opuntia polyantha (Sims) Haw.; Syn. Pl. Succ.: 190 (1812)
= Opuntia pseudotuna Salm-Dyck; Observ. Bot. Horto Dyck. 3: 7 (1822)
= Opuntia spinaurea Karw. ex Salm-Dyck; Cact. Hort. Dyck., ed. 1844: 46 (1845)
= Opuntia tuna var. cubaguensis Gentry; Allan Hancock Atlantic Exped. 2(6): 11 (1948)
= Opuntia tuna var. manse Orcutt; W. Amer. Sci. 7: 157 (1891)
species :
Opuntia elizondoana E.Sánchez & Villaseñor; Acta Bot. Mex. 27: 1 (1994)
Distribution: Mexico (Guanajuato, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi)
79 MEX
Remarks: possibly a hybrid
species :
Opuntia engelmannii Salm-Dyck ex Engelm.; Boston J. Nat. Hist. 6: 207 (1850)
subspecies :
subsp. engelmannii
Name: Cows Tongue Cactus, Cow Tongue Prickly Pear, Desert Prickly Pear, Discus Prickly Pear, Engelmann´s Prickly Pear, Few-spined Marble-fruited Prickly Pear, Texas Prickly Pear, Tuna
Distribution: Bulgaria [I]; Georgia [Caucasus] [I]; Armenia [I]; Australia [I] (South Australia [I]); USA (S-California, S-Nevada, C-Arizona, S-Arizona, S-Utah, New Mexico, W-Texas, C-Texas); N-Mexico (Aguascalientes, Baja California Norte, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Nuevo Leon, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Zacatecas)
13 bul 33 arm geo 50 aus 76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia bensonii Sánchez-Mej.; Cact. Suc. Mex. 17(2): 48 (1972)
= Opuntia caesia Griffiths; Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 29: 13 (1916)
= Opuntia discata Griffiths; Rep. (Annual) Missouri Bot. Gard. 19: 266 (1908)
= Opuntia engelmannii f. occidentalis (Engelm.) Schelle; Handb. Kakteenkult. 52 (1907)
= Opuntia engelmannii subsp. flexispina (Griffiths) Lodé; Cact.-Advent. Int. [Almeria] 35(122): 181 (2023)
= Opuntia engelmannii subsp. occidentalis Engelm.; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 3: 291 (1856)
= Opuntia engelmannii var. discata (Griffiths) C.Z.Nelson; Trans. Illinois State Acad. Sci. 12: 124 (1919)
= Opuntia engelmannii var. flavescens (Peebles) L.D.Benson; Cacti Ariz., ed. 2: 58 (1950)
= Opuntia engelmannii var. megacarpa (Griffiths) Fosberg; Bull. S. Calif. Acad. Sci. 33: 100 (1934)
= Opuntia expansa Griffiths; Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 29: 14 (1916)
= Opuntia flavescens Peebles; Cact. Succ. J. (Los Angeles) 9: 67 (1937)
= Opuntia magnarenensis Griffiths; Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 29: 9 (1916)
= Opuntia megacarpa Griffiths; Rep. Missouri Bot. Gard. 20: 91 (1909)
= Opuntia microcarpa Engelm.; Emory, Notes Mil. Reconnois. 157 (1848) (not validly published) ex B. D. Jacks., Index Kew. 2(3): 358 (1894)
= Opuntia neochrysacantha Bravo; Cact. Suc. Mex. 19(1): 20 (1974)
= Opuntia phaeacantha var. discata (Griffiths) L.D.Benson & Walk.; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 52: 265 (1965)
= Opuntia procumbens Engelm. & J.M.Bigelow; Descr. Cact. 39 (1856), et Pacif. Rail. Rep. 4: 39. t. 7, f. 4-5
= Opuntia riparia Griffiths; Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 27: 26 (1914)
= Opuntia tardospina Griffiths; Rep. Missouri Bot. Gard. 22: 34 (1911)
= Opuntia valida Griffiths; Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 27: 24 (1914)
= Opuntia ×occidentalis var. megacarpa (Griffiths) Munz; Aliso 4: 94 (1958)
variant :
var. cacanapa (Griffiths & Hare) D.Weniger; Cacti S. W. 177 (1970)
Distribution: USA (S-Texas)
77 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia cacanapa Griffiths & Hare; Bull. New Mexico Agric. Exp. Sta. 60: 47 (1906)
= Opuntia ellisiana Griffiths; Rep. Missouri Bot. Gard. 21: 170 (1910), pro hybr.
= Opuntia lindheimeri var. ellisiana (Griffiths) K.Hammer; Kulturpflanze 24: 268 (1976)
variant :
var. cujia Griffiths & Hare; Bull. New Mexico Agric. Exp. Sta. 60: 44 (1906)
Distribution: Mexico (San Luis Potosi, Guanajuato, Hidalgo)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia cantabrigiensis Lynch; Gard. Chron., ser. 3, 33: 98 (1903)
= Opuntia cuija (Griffiths & Hare) Rose; Smithson. Misc. Coll. 50: 529 (1908)
= Opuntia engelmannii subsp. cuija (Griffiths & Hare) M.H.J.van der Meer; Cact. Phantast. 2022(1)-1: 5 (2022)
= Opuntia lindheimeri subsp. cantabrigiensis (Lynch) Guiggi; Cactology 3: 08 (2012)
= Opuntia lindheimeri var. cuija (Griffiths & Hare) L.D.Benson; Cact. Succ. J. (Los Angeles) 41: 125 (1969)
variant :
var. dulcis (Engelm.) J.M.Coult. ex K.Schum.; Gesamtbeschr. Kakt.: 725 (1898)
Distribution: USA (Texas: 50 mi SE Eagle Pass); Mexico (Nuevo Leon)
77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia dulcis Engelm.; Descr. Cact.: 48 (1856)
= Opuntia lindheimeri var. dulcis (Engelm.) J.M.Coult.; Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 3: 421 (1896)
variant :
var. flavispina (L.D.Benson) B.D.Parfitt & Pinkava; Madroño 35(4): 348 (1988 publ. 1989)
Distribution: USA (Arizona)
76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia engelmannii subsp. flavispina (L.D.Benson) Guiggi; Cactology 3(Suppl. II): 3 (2012)
= Opuntia flavispina C.F.Först.; Handb. Kakteenk. 508 (1846), nom. nud.
= Opuntia phaeacantha var. flavispina L.D.Benson; Cact. Succ. J. (USA) 46(2): 79 (1974)
variant :
var. laevis (J.M.Coult.) Felger, Verrier & Carnahan; Phytoneuron 2017-48: 1 (2017)
Distribution: USA (Arizona)
76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia engelmannii subsp. laevis (J.M.Coult.) M.H.J.van der Meer; Cact. Phantast. 2022(1)-1: 5 (2022)
= Opuntia laevis J.M.Coult.; U. S. Dept. Agric. Contrib. Nat. Herb. 3: 419 (1896)
= Opuntia phaeacantha var. laevis (J.M.Coult.) L.D.Benson; Cacti Ariz., ed. 3: 21 (1969)
variant :
var. lindheimeri (Engelm.) B.D.Parfitt & Pinkava; Madroño 35: 346 (1988 publ. 1989)
Distribution: Namibia [I]; South Africa [I]; Georgia [Caucasus] [I]; Australia [I] (South Australia [I], Victoria [I]); USA (New Mexico, Texas, Oklahoma, SW-Louisiana); NE-Mexico
27 nam saf 33 geo 50 aus 74 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia convexa Mackensen; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 39: 290 (1912)
= Opuntia cyanea Griffiths; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 46: 196 (1919)
= Opuntia cyanella Griffiths; Rep. (Annual) Missouri Bot. Gard. 22: 30 (1911)
= Opuntia deltica Griffiths; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 43: 84 (1916)
= Opuntia engelmannii subsp. lindheimeri (Engelm.) U.Guzmán & Mandujano; Cactac. Syst. Init. 16: 18 (2003)
= Opuntia engelmannii var. subarmata (Griffiths) D.Weniger; Cacti S. W.: 180 (1970)
= Opuntia engelmannii var. texana (Griffiths) D.Weniger; Cacti S. W.: 174 (1970)
= Opuntia ferruginispina Griffiths; Rep. (Annual) Missouri Bot. Gard. 19: 267 (1908)
= Opuntia gilvoalba Griffiths; Rep. (Annual) Missouri Bot. Gard. 22: 35 (1911)
= Opuntia gomei Griffiths; Rep. (Annual) Missouri Bot. Gard. 21: 167 (1910)
= Opuntia griffithsiana Mackensen; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 39: 291 (1912)
= Opuntia haematocarpa A.Berger; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 36: 456 (1905)
= Opuntia laxiflora Griffiths; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 43: 85 (1916)
= Opuntia lindheimeri Engelm.; Bost. J. Nat. Hist. 6: 207 (1850)
= Opuntia lindheimeri var. cyclodes J.M.Coult.; Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 3: 422 (1896)
= Opuntia lindheimeri var. lehmannii L.D.Benson; Cact. Succ. J. (Los Angeles) 41: 125 (1969)
= Opuntia lindheimeri var. subarmata (Griff.) Elizondo & Wehbe; Cact. Suc. Mex., et Cact. Suc. Mex. 31(4): 100 (1986) (without basionym ref. & basionym not stated 32(1): 17 (1987))
= Opuntia pyrocarpa Griffiths; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 43: 90 (1916)
= Opuntia reflexa Mackensen; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 39: 292 (1912)
= Opuntia sinclairii Griffiths; Rep. (Annual) Missouri Bot. Gard. 21: 173 (1910)
= Opuntia squarrosa Griffiths; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 43: 91 (1916)
= Opuntia subarmata Griffiths; Rep. Missouri Bot. Gard. 20: 94 (1909)
= Opuntia texana Griffiths; Rep. Missouri Bot. Gard. 20: 92 (1909)
= Opuntia tricolor Griffiths; Rep. (Annual) Missouri Bot. Gard. 20: 85 (1909)
= Opuntia winteriana A.Berger; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 36: 455 (1905)
variant :
var. linguiformis (Griffiths) B.D.Parfitt & Pinkava; Madroño 35(4): 347 (1988 publ. 1989)
Distribution: Australia [I] (South Australia [I]); USA (C-Texas: Bexar Co.)
50 aus 77 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia engelmannii subsp. linguiformis (Griffiths) Lodé; Cact.-Advent. Int. [Almeria] 35(122): 182 (2023)
= Opuntia lindheimeri var. linguiformis (Griffiths) L.D.Benson; Cact. Succ. J. (Los Angeles) 41: 125 (1969)
= Opuntia linguiformis Griffiths; Rep. (Annual) Missouri Bot. Gard. 19: 270 (1908)
species :
Opuntia escuintlensis (Matuda) Lodé; Int. Cact. Advent. 104: 26 (2014)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Nopalea escuintlensis Matuda; Cact. & Suc. Mexico. 1: 43 (1956)
species :
Opuntia excelsa Sánchez-Mej.; Cact. Suc. Mex. 17(3): 68 (1972)
Distribution: Mexico (Colima, Guerrero, Jalisco, Michoacan, Nayarit, Sinaloa)
79 MEX
species :
Opuntia feroacantha Britton & Rose; Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 23: 1676 (1926)
Distribution: Mexico (Jalisco, Michoacan, Nayarit, Sinaloa)
79 MEX
species :
Opuntia ficus-indica (L.) Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. VIII. no. 2 (1768)
Name: Indian Fig, Indian Fig Prickly Pear, Mission Cactus (EN), Nopal de Castilla (ES), Smooth Mountain Prickly Pear, Tuberous Prickly Pear (EN), Tuna de Castilla, Tuna Mansa (EN), Gewöhnlicher Feigenkaktus (DE)
Distribution: Origin unknown, probably South America; Portugal [I]; Spain [I]; Gibraltar [I]; Baleares [I]; France [I]; Corsica [I]; Sardinia [I]; Italy [I]; Sicily [I]; Isole Pelagie [I] (Lampedusa [I], Linosa [I]); Pantelleria [I]; Malta [I]; Croatia [I]; Bosnia & Hercegovina [I]; Montenegro [I]; Greece [I]; Crete [I]; Morocco [I]; Tunisia [I]; Libya [I]; Madeira [I] (Madeira Isl. [I], Ilhas Desertas [I], Porto Santo Isl. [I]); Canary Isl. [I] (Lanzarote [I], Fuerteventura [I], Gran Canaria [I], Tenerife [I], La Gomera [I], Hierro [I], La Palma Isl. [I]); Cape Verde Isl. [I] (Santo Antao Isl. [I], Ilha de Sao Nicolau [I], Fogo Isl. [I]); Gambia [I]; Cameroon [I]; Angola [I]; Zimbabwe [I]; Namibia [I]; Botswana [I]; South Africa [I] (widespread); St. Helena [I]; Mauritius [I]; East Aegaean Isl. [I] ; Turkey [I]; Cyprus [I]; Lebanon [I]; Syria [I]; Israel [I]; Jordania [I]; Saudi Arabia [I]; Oman [I]; Yemen [I]; China [I]; South Korea [I]; Pakistan [I]; India [I] (Andhra Pradesh [I], Karnataka [I], Madhya Pradesh [I], Maharashtra [I], Tripura [I], Uttar Pradesh [I]); Andaman Isl. [I]; Nicobar Isl. [I]; Bangladesh [I]; Australia [I] (Northern Territory [I], South Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I]); New Zealand [I]; Society Isl. [I] (Tahiti [I]); Hawaii [I] (Kauai [I], Oahu [I], Molokai [I], Lanai [I], Maui [I], Kahoolawe Isl. [I], Hawaii Isl. [I]); USA [I] (SE-USA [I], Southern Plains States [I], New Mexico / Arizona [I], California [I]); Mexico [I]; Honduras [I]; Costa Rica [I]; Cuba [I]; Hispaniola [I]; Puerto Rico [I]; St. Martin/St. Maarten [I]; Saba [I]; St. Eustatius [I]; Guadeloupe [I]; Trinidad [I]; Colombia [I]; Isla Margarita [I]; Ecuador [I]; Peru [I]; Bolivia [I]; Brazil [I]; Paraguay [I]; Uruguay [I]; Argentina [I] (Buenos Aires [I], Chaco [I], Cordoba [I], Corrientes [I], Entre Rios [I], Formosa Prov. [I], Santa Fe Prov. [I], Catamarca [I], La Rioja [I], Salta [I])
12 bal cor fra gib por sar spa 13 bih cro grc ita kri mlt mnt pel ptl sic 20 lby mor tun 21 cny cvi mdr 22 gam 23 cmn 26 ang zim 27 bot nam saf 28 sth 29 mau 34 cyp eai isr jor leb syr tur 35 oma sau yem 36 chi 38 kor 40 ban ind pak 41 and ncb 50 aus 51 nzl 61 sci 63 haw 76 usa 78 usa 79 mex 80 cos hon 81 cub gdl his pue sab ste stm trt ven 82 clm 83 bol ecu per 84 bra 85 arg par uru
Synonyms: hidden
= Cactus chinensis Roxb.; Fl. Ind. 2: 476 (1824)
= Cactus ficus Thunb.; Fl. Jap.: 198 (1784)
= Cactus ficus-indica L.; Sp. Pl. 468 (1753)
= Cactus opuntia Guss.; Fl. Sicul. Prodr. 1: 559 (1827), nom. illeg.
= Cactus opuntia L.; Sp. Pl.: 468 (1753) (syn. subst.)
= Cactus opuntia var. ficus-indica (L.) DC.; Cat. Pl. Horti Monsp.: 13 (1813)
= Cactus opuntia var. latifolius Risso; Hist. Nat. Prod. Eur. Mérid. 2: 172 (1826)
= Opuntia apurimacensis (F.Ritter) R.Crook & Mottram; Bradleya 13: 100 (1995)
= Opuntia arcei Cárdenas; Cact. Succ. J. (Los Angeles) 28: 113 (1956)
= Opuntia castillae Griffiths; Rep. (Annual) Missouri Bot. Gard. 19: 261 (1908)
= Opuntia chinensis (Roxb.) K.Koch; Hort. Dendrol.: 279 (1853)
= Opuntia cordobensis Speg.; Anales Mus. Nac. Buenos Aires 11: 513 (1905)
= Opuntia ficus-indica f. reticulata Backeb.; Descr. Cact. Nov. 1: 10 (1956 publ. 1957)
= Opuntia ficus-indica var. elongata Schelle; Handb. Kakteenkult. 51 (1907)
= Opuntia ficus-indica var. saboten Makino; J. Jap. Bot. 7: 6 (1931)
= Opuntia fusicaulis Griffiths; Rep. (Annual) Missouri Bot. Gard. 19: 271 (1908)
= Opuntia glaucophylla var. laevior Salm-Dyck; Cact. Hort. Dyck.: 66 (1850)
= Opuntia incarnadilla Griffiths; Rep. (Annual) Missouri Bot. Gard. 22: 27 (1911)
= Opuntia joconostle F.A.C.Weber ex Diguet; Cact. Utiles Mex.: 120 (1928)
= Opuntia leiascheinvariana Martínez-Gonz. & Gallegos; Bot. Sci. 93: 519 (2015)
= Opuntia leucostata J.Forbes; J. Hort. Tour Germany: 160 (1837), nom. nud.
= Opuntia leucosticta H.L.Wendl.; Enum. Diagn. Cact.: 167 (1837)
= Opuntia megacantha Salm-Dyck; Hort. Dyck.: 363 (1834)
= Opuntia megacantha var. tenuispina Salm-Dyck; Cact. Hort. Dyck.: 68 (1850)
= Opuntia mexicana Pfeiff.; Enum. Diagn. Cact.: 150 (1837)
= Opuntia obovata Griffiths; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 46: 202 (1919)
= Opuntia opuntia (L.) H.Karst.; Ill. Repert. Pharm.-Med. Bot.: 888 (1886), nom. inval.
= Opuntia paraguayensis K.Schum.; Monatsschr. Kakteenkd. 149 (1899)
= Opuntia robusta var. megacantha (Salm-Dyck) Schelle; Handb. Kakteenkult. 57 (1907)
= Opuntia tribuloides Griffiths; Monatsschr. Kakteenkd. 23: 137 (1913)
= Opuntia tuna-blanca Speg.; Anales Soc. Ci. Argentina. 99: 107 (1925)
= Opuntia undosa Griffiths; Monatsschr. Kakteenkd. 23: 139 (1913), nom. superfl.
= Opuntia undulata Griffiths; Rep. Missouri Bot. Gard. 22: 32 (1911)
= Platyopuntia apurimacensis F.Ritter; Kakteen Südamer. 4: 1257 (1981)
= Platyopuntia cordobensis (Speg.) F.Ritter; Kakteen Südamer. 2: 403 (1980)
= Platyopuntia ficus-indica (L.) F.Ritter; Kakteen Südamer. 2: 403 (1980)
species :
Opuntia fragilis (Nutt.) Haw.; Suppl. Pl. Succ. 82 (1819)
Name: Little Prickly Pear
Distribution: Canada (British Columbia, W-Canada, C-Canada, E-Canada, Manitoba); USA (West Virginia, Oregon, Arizona, W-Texas, NE-California, Washington: N-Puget Sound, Columbia basin east through Rocky Mts., Great Plains, Gt. Lakes to S-Michigan, Illinois, south to NE-Nevada, N-Arizona, N-New Mexico, Kansas, panhandles of Oklahoma, Texas, NC-USA, N-Plains, C-Plains, S-Plains States/Texas, New Mexico / Arizona, Great Basin, NW-USA)
71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cactus fragilis Nutt.; Gen. N. Amer. Pl. 1: 296 (1818)
= Opuntia brachyarthra Engelm. & J.M.Bigelow; Pacif. Rail. Rep. 4: 47 (1856)
= Opuntia fragilis f. brachyarthra (Engelm. & J.M.Bigelow) Schelle; Handb. Kakteenkult. 56 (1907)
= Opuntia fragilis subsp. brachyarthra (Engelm. & J.M.Bigelow) F.A.C.Weber; Phytologia 51(6): 374 (1982)
= Opuntia fragilis var. brachyarthra (Engelm. & J.M.Bigelow) J.M.Coult.; Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 3: 440 (1896)
= Opuntia fragilis var. caespitosa L.H.Bailey; Stand. Cycl. Hort. 4: 2363 (1916)
= Opuntia fragilis var. denudata E.F.Wiegand & Backeb.; Backeb., Descr. Cact. Nov. 1: 10 (1956 publ. 1957)
= Opuntia fragilis var. parviconspicua Backeb.; Descr. Cact. Nov. 1: 10 (1956 publ. 1957)
= Opuntia fragilis var. tuberiformis L.H.Bailey; Stand. Cycl. Hort. 4: 2363 (1916)
= Opuntia sabinii Pfeiff.; Enum. Diagn. Cact.: 147 (1837)
= Tunas fragilis (Nutt.) Nieuwl. & Lunell; Am. Midl. Nat. 4: 479 (1916)
species :
Opuntia fuliginosa Griffiths; Rep. Missouri Bot. Gard. 19: 262 (1908)
Distribution: Mexico (Aguascalientes, Colima, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Zacatecas)
79 MEX
species :
Opuntia galapageia Hensl.; Mag. Zool. & Bot. 1: 467 (1837)
Distribution: Galapagos
83 GAL
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia galapageia subsp. megasperma (J.T.Howell) Guiggi; Cactology 5(Suppl. 8): 11 (2020)
= Opuntia galapageia subvar. orientalis (J.T.Howell) Backeb.; Cact.: Handb. Kakteenk. 1: 562 (1958)
= Opuntia galapageia var. brossettii Backeb.; Kakteenlex.: 317 (1966)
= Opuntia megasperma J.T.Howell; Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci., ser. 4, 21: 46 (1933)
= Opuntia megasperma subsp. mesophytica (Lundh) Lodé; Cact.-Advent. Int. [Almeria] 35(122): 182 (2023)
= Opuntia megasperma subsp. orientalis J.T.Howell; Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci., ser. 4, 21: 48 (1933)
= Opuntia megasperma var. mesophytica Lundh; Madroño 20: 254 (1970)
= Opuntia megasperma var. orientalis (J.T.Howell) D.M.Porter; Madroño 25: 58 (1978)
variant :
var. barringtonensis (E.Y.Dawson) Backeb.; Kakteenlex.: 317 (1966), as ´subvar.´
Distribution: Galapagos
83 GAL
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia echios subsp. barringtonensis (E.Y.Dawson) Lodé; Cact.-Advent. Int. [Almeria] 35(122): 180 (2023)
= Opuntia echios var. barringtonensis E.Y.Dawson; Cact. Succ. J. (Los Angeles) 34: 104 (1962)
variant :
var. gigantea (J.T.Howell) Backeb.; Cact.: Handb. Kakteenk. 1: 562 (1958)
Distribution: Galapagos
83 GAL
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia echios subsp. gigantea J.T.Howell; Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci., ser. 4, 21: 51 (1933)
= Opuntia echios var. gigantea (J.T.Howell) D.M.Porter; Madroño 25: 58 (1978)
= Opuntia galapageia subsp. gigantea (J.T.Howell) M.H.J.van der Meer; Cact. Phantast. 2022(1)-1: 5 (2022)
variant :
var. helleri (K.Schum. ex B.L.Rob.) Backeb.; Cact.: Handb. Kakteenk. 1: 562 (1958)
Distribution: Galapagos
83 GAL
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia helleri K.Schum. ex B.L.Rob.; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 38: 180 (1902)
= Opuntia galapageia subsp. helleri (K.Schum.) M.H.J.van der Meer; Cact. Phantast. 2022(1)-1: 5 (2022)
variant :
var. inermis (E.Y.Dawson) Backeb.; Kakteenlex.: 317 (1966), as ´subvar.´
Distribution: Galapagos
83 GAL
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia echios subsp. inermis (E.Y.Dawson) Lodé; Cact.-Advent. Int. [Almeria] 35(122): 181 (2023)
= Opuntia echios var. inermis E.Y.Dawson; Cact. Succ. J. (Los Angeles) 34: 103 (1962)
variant :
var. insularis (A.Stewart) Backeb.; Cact.: Handb. Kakteenk. 1: 561 (1958)
Distribution: Galapagos
83 GAL
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia galapageia subsp. insularis (A.Stewart) Guiggi; Cactology 5(Suppl. 8): 11 (2020)
= Opuntia insularis A.Stewart; Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci., ser. 4, 1: 113 (1911)
variant :
var. macrocarpa E.Y.Dawson; Cact. Succ. J. (Los Angeles) 37: 141 (1965)
Distribution: Galapagos
83 GAL
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia galapageia subsp. macrocarpa (E.Y.Dawson) M.H.J.van der Meer; Cact. Phantast. 2022(1)-1: 5 (2022)
variant :
var. myriacantha (F.A.C.Weber) Backeb.; Cact.: Handb. Kakteenk. 1: 561 (1958)
Distribution: Galapagos
83 GAL
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia echios J.T.Howell; Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci., ser. 4, 21: 49 (1933), nom. superfl.
= Opuntia echios var. prolifera E.Y.Dawson; Cact. Succ. J. (Los Angeles) 34: 104 (1962)
= Opuntia galapageia subsp. myriacantha (F.A.C.Weber) Guiggi; Cactology 5(Suppl. 8): 11 (2020)
= Opuntia galapageia subvar. prolifera (E.Y.Dawson) Backeb.; Kakteenlex.: 317 (1966)
= Opuntia galapageia var. echios Backeb.; Cact.: Handb. Kakteenk. 1: 561 (1958), nom. superfl.
= Opuntia myriacantha F.A.C.Weber; Bois, Dict. Hort. 2: 894 (1898)
variant :
var. profusa E.F.Anderson & Walk.; Madroño 20: 256 (1970)
Distribution: Galapagos
83 GAL
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia galapageia subsp. profusa (E.F.Anderson & Walk.) M.H.J.van der Meer; Cact. Phantast. 2022(1)-1: 6 (2022)
variant :
var. saxicola (J.T.Howell) Backeb.; Cact.: Handb. Kakteenk. 1: 562 (1958)
Distribution: Galapagos
83 GAL
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia saxicola J.T.Howell; Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci., ser. 4, 21: 45 (1933)
= Opuntia galapageia subsp. saxicola (J.T.Howell) M.H.J.van der Meer; Cact. Phantast. 2022(1)-1: 6 (2022)
variant :
var. zacana (J.T.Howell) Backeb.; Cact.: Handb. Kakteenk. 1: 562 (1958)
Distribution: Galapagos
83 GAL
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia echios subsp. zacana (J.T.Howell) Lodé; Cact.-Advent. Int. [Almeria] 35(122): 181 (2023)
= Opuntia echios var. zacana (J.T.Howell) E.F.Anderson & Walk.; Madroño 20: 256 (1970)
= Opuntia galapageia subsp. zacana (J.T.Howell) Guiggi; Cactology 5(Suppl. 8): 12 (2020)
= Opuntia zacana J.T.Howell; Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci., ser. 4, 21: 48 (1933)
species :
Opuntia gallegiana Scheinvar & Olalde; Novon 23(3): 332 (2014)
Distribution: Mexico (Zacatecas)
79 MEX
species :
Opuntia gosseliniana F.A.C.Weber; Bull. Soc. Acclim. Fr., 83, et ex K. Schum. Gesamtb. Kakt Nachtr. I.154 (1902)
Name: Blunt-spined Prickly Pear, Long-spined Prickly Pear, Purple Prickly Pear, Santa Rita Candle Cactus, Santa Rita Prickly Pear
Distribution: USA (SE-Arizona, SW-New Mexico, W-Texas: Big Bend Natl. Park); N-Mexico (N-Baja California Norte, Sonora)
76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia chlorotica var. gosseliniana (F.A.C.Weber) D.J.Ferguson; Cact. Succ. J. (USA) 60(4): 159 (1988)
= Opuntia chlorotica var. santa-rita Griffiths & Hare; Bull. New Mexico Agric. Exp. Sta. 60: 64 (1906)
= Opuntia gosseliniana subsp. santa-rita (Griffiths & Hare) Guiggi; Cactology 3(Suppl. II): 3 (2012)
= Opuntia macrocentra var. santa-rita (Griffiths & Hare) L.D.Benson; Cacti Ariz., ed. 2: 65 (1950)
= Opuntia santa-rita (Griffiths & Hare) Rose; Smithson. Misc. Coll. 52: 195 (1909)
= Opuntia shreveana C.Z.Nelson; Trans. Illinois State Acad. Sci. 12: 121 (1919)
= Opuntia violacea var. gosseliniana (F.A.C.Weber) L.D.Benson; Cacti Ariz., ed. 3: 21 (1969)
= Opuntia violacea var. santa-rita (Griffiths & Hare) L.D.Benson; Cacti Ariz., ed. 3: 21 (1969)
species :
Opuntia hitchcockii J.G.Ortega; Apuntes Fl. Indig. Sinaloa, Fam. Cact. C. No. 12 (1929)
Distribution: Mexico (Nayarit, Sinaloa)
79 MEX
species :
Opuntia hondurensis Standl.; Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Chicago, Bot. Ser. 9: 316 (1940)
Distribution: Honduras
80 HON
Remarks: status uncertain, type sterile
Synonyms: hidden
= Nopalea hondurensis (Standl.) R.Puente ex Rebman; J. Arizona-Nevada Acad. Sci. 34: 45 (2002)
species :
Opuntia howeyi J.A.Purpus; Mitt. Deutsch. Dendrol. Ges. 1925: 61 (1925)
Distribution: Mexico (Zacatecas)
79 MEX
species :
Opuntia huajuapensis Bravo; Anales Inst. Biol., Mexico 25: 484 (1954)
Distribution: Mexico (Oaxaca, Puebla, Veracruz)
79 MEX
species :
Opuntia humifusa (Raf.) Raf.; Med. Fl. 2: 247 (1830)
subspecies :
subsp. humifusa
Name: Eastern Prickly Pear, Low Prickly Pear, Smooth Prickly Pear (EN), Niederliegender Feigenkaktus (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Hungary [I]; Spain [I]; France [I]; ?Corsica [I]; Sardinia [I]; Italy [I]; Bulgaria [I]; Greece [I] (incl. Kiklades [I]); Crete [I]; Botswana [I]; South Africa [I]; Mauritius [I]; La Réunion [I]; Rodrigues [I]; Northern Caucasus [I]; Georgia [Caucasus] [I]; Azerbaijan [I]; Cyprus [I]; Java [I]; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I]); Niue [I]; USA (Alabama, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Kentucky, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mississippi, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Virginia, West Virginia); Mexico (San Luis Potosi, Tamaulipas)
11 ger hun 12 fra sar spa 13 bul grc ita kri 27 bot saf 29 mau reu rod 33 aze geo ncs 34 cyp 42 jaw 50 aus 60 nue 75 USA 78 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Cactus compressus Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton: 348 (1796), nom. superfl.
= Cactus humifusus Raf.; Ann. Nat. 15 (1820)
= Cactus italicus Ten.; Index Seminum (NAP, Neapolitano) 1829: 15 (1829)
= Cactus opuntia var. vulgaris (Mill.) DC.; Cat. Pl. Horti Monsp.: 13 (1813), nom. inval.
= Opuntia allairei Griffiths; Rep. Missouri Bot. Gard. 20: 83 (1909)
= Opuntia caespitosa Raf.; Ser. Bull. Bot. (1830) 216 (non Poepp. 1835)
= Opuntia calcicola Wherry; J. Washington Acad. Sci. 16: 12 (1926)
= Opuntia carolina J.Forbes; J. Hort. Tour Germany: 160 (1837), nom. nud.
= Opuntia compressa (Salisb.) McBride; Contr. Gray Herb. ser. 2, 41 (1922) (nom. illeg.)
= Opuntia compressa var. allairei (Griffiths) D.Weniger; Cacti S. W.: 207 (1970)
= Opuntia compressa var. humifusa (Raf.) D.Weniger; Cacti S. W.: 202 (1970)
= Opuntia fuscoatra Engelm.; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 3: 297 (1857)
= Opuntia humifusa f. jeollaensis E.J.Kim & S.S.Whang; Korean J. Pl. Taxon. 44: 185 (2014)
= Opuntia humifusa var. parva A.Heller; Cat. N. Amer. Pl., ed. 2: 8 (1900)
= Opuntia impedata Small ex Britton & Rose; Cactaceae 4: 257 (1923)
= Opuntia intermedia A.Gray; Boston J. Nat. Hist. 6: 206 (1850), nom. illeg.
= Opuntia intermedia Salm-Dyck; Hort. Dyck.: 364 (1834)
= Opuntia intermedia var. prostrata Salm-Dyck; Cact. Hort. Dyck., ed. 2: 69 (1849)
= Opuntia italica (Ten.) Pfeiff.; Enum. Diagn. Cact.: 149 (1837)
= Opuntia prostrata Monv. & Lem. ex C.F.Först.; Handb. Kakteenk. 478 (1846)
= Opuntia rafinesquei var. parva F.Haage & E.Schmidt; Verz. Blumenzeitung 1915: 29 (1915)
= Opuntia rafinesquiana Urlandt; Neubert´s Deutsch. Gart.-Mag. 40: 156 (1887)
= Opuntia turbinata Small; Man. S.E. Fl.: 910 (1933)
= Opuntia vulgaris Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. 8.: no. 1 (1768)
= Opuntia vulgaris subsp. rafinesquii (Engelm.) P.Fourn.; Quatre Fl. France: 285 (1936)
= Opuntia vulgaris var. major Salm-Dyck; Observ. Bot. Horto Dyck. 3: 9 (1822)
= Opuntia vulgaris var. media Salm-Dyck; Observ. Bot. Horto Dyck. 3: 9 (1822)
= Platyopuntia vulgaris (Mill.) F.Ritter; Kakteen Südamer. 1: 35 (1979), nom. superfl.
subspecies :
subsp. minor (Engelm.) R.Crook & Mottram; Bradleya 16: 135 (1998)
Distribution: China [I]; Canada (Ontario); USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin)
36 chi 72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia arkansana Engelm. ex Hirscht; Monatsschr. Kakteenkd. 8: 115 (1898), nom. nud.
= Opuntia cespitosa Raf.; Bull. Bot. (Geneva) 1: 216 (1830)
= Opuntia compressa var. microsperma (Engelm.) L.D.Benson; Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci., ser. 4, 25: 250 (1944)
= Opuntia humifusa var. microsperma (Engelm.) A.Heller; Cat. N. Amer. Pl., ed. 2: 8 (1900)
= Opuntia mesacantha var. microsperma (Engelm.) J.M.Coult.; Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 3: 429 (1896)
= Opuntia rafinesquei Engelm.; Pacif. Railr. Rep. Whipple, Bot. 4(5
= Opuntia rafinesquei f. arkansana (Rümpler) Schelle; Handb. Kakteenkult. 50 (1907)
= Opuntia rafinesquei var. arkansana Rümpler; Förster & Rümpler, Handb. Kakteenk., ed. 2: 922 (1885)
= Opuntia rafinesquei var. microsperma Engelm.; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 3: 295 (1856)
= Opuntia rafinesquei var. minor Engelm.; Pacif. Railr. Rep. Whipple, Bot. 4(5
= Opuntia vulgaris var. rafinesquei A.Gray; Manual, ed. 2: 136 (1856)
species :
Opuntia hyptiacantha F.A.C.Weber; Bois, Dict. Hortic. 894 (1898)
Name: Nopal Cascaron, Nopal Memelo, Tuna Chavena
Distribution: Mexico (Aguascalientes, Ciudad de Mexico, Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Nuevo Leon, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Zacatecas)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Nopalea karwinskiana (Salm-Dyck) K.Schum.; Gesamtb. Kakt. 752 (1898)
= Opuntia chavena Griffiths; Rep. Missouri Bot. Gard. 19: 264 (1908)
= Opuntia cretochaeta Griffiths; Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 29: 11 (1916)
= Opuntia nigrita Griffiths; Rep. (Annual) Missouri Bot. Gard. 21: 169 (1910)
= Opuntia nopalilla Karw. ex Salm-Dyck; Cact. Hort. Dyck.: 68 (1850)
species :
Opuntia inaequilateralis A.Berger; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 36: 453 (1905)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia inaequilateralis var. angustior (F.Ritter) R.Crook & Mottram; Bradleya 17: 113 (1999)
= Platyopuntia inaequilateralis (A.Berger) F.Ritter; Kakteen Südamer. 4: 1256 (1981)
= Platyopuntia inaequilateralis var. angustior F.Ritter; Kakteen Südamer. 4: 1257 (1981)
species :
Opuntia inaperta (Schott ex Griffiths) D.R.Hunt; Cact. Consens. Init. 4: 5 (1997)
Name: Zacam, Zacamsotz
Distribution: Mexico (Campeche, Chiapas, Quintana Roo, Tabasco, Veracruz, Yucatan)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Nopalea gaumeri Britton & Rose; Cactaceae 1: 37, 216 (1919)
= Nopalea inaperta Schott ex Griffith; Monatsschr. Kakteenkd. 23: 139 (1913)
= Opuntia gaumeri (Britton & Rose) Lodé; Int. Cact. Advent. 102: 30 (2014), isonym
= Opuntia gaumeri (Britton & Rose) R.Puente & Majure; Phylogen. Relations. Morphol. Evol. Opuntia 25 (2014)
species :
Opuntia kingstoniana Guiggi; Phytotaxa 573(2): 219 (2022)
Distribution: Jamaica
81 JAM
species :
Opuntia lagunae Baxter ex Bravo; Anales Inst. Biol. Mexico 3: 181 (1932)
Distribution: Mexico (Baja California Sur)
79 MEX
species :
Opuntia lasiacantha Pfeiff.; Enum. Diagn. Cact. 160 (1837)
Distribution: Mexico (Aguascalientes, Ciudad de Mexico, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Nuevo Leon, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Tamaulipas, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Zacatecas)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia chaetocarpa Griffiths; Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 27: 25 (1914)
= Opuntia megacantha f. lasiacantha (Pfeiff.) Schelle; Kakteen: 69 (1929)
= Opuntia megacantha var. lasiacantha (Pfeiff.) A.Berger; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 36: 453 (1905)
= Opuntia rzedowskii Scheinvar; Anales Inst. Biol. Univ. Nac. Autón. Méx., Bot., 47-53: 123 (1976-82 publ. 1984)
species :
Opuntia leoglossa Font & M.Köhler; Phytotaxa 510(3): 282 (2021)
Distribution: Australia [I] (Victoria [I], Western Australia [I], South Australia [I], New South Wales [I], Australian Capital Territory [I])
50 aus
species :
Opuntia leucotricha DC.; Mem. Mus. Par. 17: 119 (1828)
Name: Aarons Beard Prickly Pear, Duraznillo Blanco, Nopal Blanco, Nopal Colorado, Nopal Duraznillo
Distribution: Canary Isl. [I] (La Palma [I], Gran Canaria [I]); Australia [I] (South Australia [I]); North America [I]; Mexico (Aguascalientes, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Michoacan, Nuevo Leon, Oaxaca, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Tamaulipas, Sonora, Zacatecas)
21 cny 50 aus 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Consolea leucacantha (Link & Otto) Lem.; Rev. Hort. (Paris) 11: 174 (1862)
= Nopalea angustifrons Lindb.; Acta Soc. Sci. Fenn. 10: 123 (1871)
= Opuntia durangensis Britton & Rose; Smithson. Misc. Coll. I. 518 (1908)
= Opuntia erythrocentron Lem. ex C.F.Först.; Handb. Kakteenk. 492 (1846), nom. inval.
= Opuntia fulvispina Salm-Dyck ex Pfeiff.; Enum. Diagn. Cact.: 164 (1837)
= Opuntia fulvispina var. badia Salm-Dyck; Cact. Hort. Dyck.: 65 (1850)
= Opuntia fulvispina var. laevior Salm-Dyck ex Pfeiff.; Enum. Diagn. Cact.: 164 (1837)
= Opuntia lanigera J.Parm. ex Pfeiff.; Enum. Diagn. Cact.: 157 (1837)
= Opuntia leucacantha Link & Otto; Hort. Dyck.: 362 (1834)
= Opuntia leucacantha var. laevior Salm-Dyck; Cact. Hort. Dyck.: 47 (1850)
= Opuntia leucacantha var. subferox Salm-Dyck ex C.F.Först; Handb. Cacteenk.: 497 (1846)
= Opuntia leucantha Link & Otto ex Pfeiff.; Enum. Diagn. Cact.: 167 (1837)
= Opuntia leucotricha var. fulvispina F.A.C.Weber ex K.Schum.; Gesamtbeschr. Kakt., Nachtr. 1: 157 (1903)
= Opuntia pailana Weing.; Monatsschr. Deutsch. Kakt. Ges. 1: 167 (1929)
= Opuntia pyriformis Rose; Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 12: 292 (1909)
= Opuntia rufescens Salm-Dyck ex C.F.Först.; Handb. Kakteenk. 493 (1846)
= Opuntia subferox Schott ex Pfeiff.; Enum. Diagn. Cact.: 167 (1837)
= Opuntia zamudioi Scheinvar; Cact. Suc. Mex. 44(4): 88 (1999)
species :
Opuntia littoralis (Engelm.) Cockerell; Bull. S. Calif. Acad. Sci. 4: 15 (1905)
Name: Coastal Prickly Pear, Sprawling Prickly Pear
Distribution: USA (California Channel Islands, mainland coastal from Santa Barbara south); Mexico (N-Baja California Norte)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia engelmannii f. littoralis (Engelm.) Schelle; Handb. Kakteenkult. 52 (1907)
= Opuntia engelmannii var. littoralis Engelm.; S. Wats., Bot. California 1: 248 (1876)
= Opuntia lindheimeri var. littoralis (Engelm.) J.M.Coult.; Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 3: 422 (1896)
= Opuntia littoralis (Engelm.) Britton & Rose; Smithson. Misc. Coll. I. 529 (1908), isonym
= Opuntia semispinosa Griffiths; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 43: 89 (1916)
= Opuntia ×occidentalis var. littoralis (Engelm.) Parish; Jeps., Man. Fl. Pl. Calif.: 657 (1925)
variant :
var. piercei (Fosberg) L.D.Benson & Walk.; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 52: 270 (1965)
Distribution: USA (S-California: San Bernardino Mts.)
76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia covillei var. piercei (Fosberg) Munz
= Opuntia littoralis subsp. piercei (Fosberg) M.H.J.van der Meer; Cact. Phantast. 2022(1)-1: 6 (2022)
= Opuntia ×occidentalis var. piercei (Fosberg) Munz; Aliso 4: 94 (1958)
= Opuntia phaeacantha var. piercei Fosberg; Bull. S. Calif. Acad. Sci. 33: 102 (1934)
species :
Opuntia lutea (Rose) D.R.Hunt; Cact. Consens. Init. 4: 6 (1997)
Distribution: Mexico (Oaxaca, Chiapas)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia lutea (Rose) Solomon; Novon 9(3): 422 (1999), isonym
= Nopalea lutea Rose; Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 12: 405 (1909)
species :
Opuntia macrocentra Engelm.; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 3: 292 (1857)
Distribution: USA (SW-New Mexico, SW-Texas: Trans-Pecos, Southern Plains States, New Mexico / Arizona); Mexico (Baja California Norte, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Nuevo Leon, Oaxaca, Sonora, Zacatecas)
77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia horstii Heinrich; Backeb., Descr. Cact. Nov. 3: 10 (1963)
= Opuntia mackensenii var. minor (M.S.Anthony) A.M.Powell & Weedin; Cacti Trans-Pecos 153 (2004)
= Opuntia macrocentra var. minor M.S.Anthony; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 55: 244 (1956)
= Opuntia violacea Engelm.; Emory, Notes Mil. Reconnois. 157 (1848) (not validly published)
= Opuntia violacea var. castetteri L.D.Benson; Cact. Succ. J. (Los Angeles) 41: 125 (1969)
= Opuntia violacea var. macrocentra (Engelm.) L.D.Benson; Cacti Ariz., ed. 3: 21 (1969), nom. superfl.
species :
Opuntia macrorhiza Engelm.; Bost. J. Nat. Hist. 6: 206 (1850)
Name: Plains Prickly Pear, Delicate Prickly Pear, Pott´s Prickly Pear, Starvation Prickly Pear, Tuberous-rooted Prickly Pear (EN)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Bulgaria [I]; Northern Caucasus [I]; Georgia [Caucasus] [I]; USA (California: San Bernardino Co., Utah: rare, Arizona to Gt. Plains, Michigan, Illinois, Texas, Louisiana, Ohio [I]); Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo Leon, San Luis Potosi, Sonora, Tamaulipas)
11 ger 13 bul 33 geo ncs 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Cactus tuberculatus Willd.; Enum. Pl. Hort. Berol., Suppl.: 34 (1814)
= Opuntia compressa var. macrorhiza (Engelm.) L.D.Benson; Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci., ser. 4, 25: 251 (1944)
= Opuntia compressa var. stenochila (Engelm. & J.M.Bigelow) D.Weniger; Cacti S. W.: 211 (1970)
= Opuntia fusiformis Engelm. & J.M.Bigelow; Pacif. Railr. Rep. Whipple, Bot. 4(5
= Opuntia grandiflora (Engelm.) Small; Fl. S.E. U.S.: 816 (1903)
= Opuntia grandiflora Engelm.; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 3: 295 (1856)
= Opuntia greenei Engelm. ex J.M.Coult.; Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 3: 431 (1896)
= Opuntia leptocarpa Mackensen; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 38: 141 (1911)
= Opuntia loomisii Peebles; Cact. & Succ. J., Amer. 9: 109 (1938)
= Opuntia mackensenii Rose; Contrib. US. Nat. Herb. 13: 310 (1911)
= Opuntia macrorhiza var. grandiflora (Engelm.) Bulot; Succulentes (France) (2002)
= Opuntia macrorhiza var. greenii (J.M.Coult.) Bulot; Succulentes (France) (2002)
= Opuntia macrorhiza var. potosina R.E.M.Hern.; Acta Cient. Potosina 10(2): 155 (1988)
= Opuntia mesacantha var. grandiflora Engelm.; Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 3: 429 (1896)
= Opuntia mesacantha var. greenii J.M.Coult.; Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 3: 431 (1896)
= Opuntia mesacantha var. macrorhiza (Engelm.) J.M.Coult.; Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 3: 430 (1896)
= Opuntia mesacantha var. stenochila (Engelm. & J.M.Bigelow) J.M.Coult.; Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 3: 430 (1896)
= Opuntia plumbea Rose; Smithson. Misc. Coll. 50: 524 (1908)
= Opuntia rafinesquei var. fusiformis Engelm.; Pacif. Railr. Rep. Whipple, Bot. 4(5
= Opuntia rafinesquei var. grandiflora Engelm.; Descr. Cact.: 55 (1856)
= Opuntia roseana Mackensen; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 38: 142 (1911)
= Opuntia seguina C.Z.Nelson; Trans. Illinois State Acad. Sci. 12: 120 (1919)
= Opuntia tortispina Engelm. & J.M.Bigelow; Descr. Cact.: 41 (1856), et Pacif. Rail. Rep. 4: 41
= Opuntia stenochila Engelm. & J.M.Bigelow; Pacif. Rail. Rep. 4: 43 (1856)
= Opuntia tuberculata (Willd.) Haw.; Suppl. Pl. Succ.: 80 (1819)
= Opuntia xanthoglochia Griffiths; Rep. (Annual) Missouri Bot. Gard. 21: 166 (1910)
species :
Opuntia mantaroensis Guiggi; Phytotaxa 420(1): 37 (2019)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Opuntia matudae Scheinvar; Phytologia 49: 324 (1981)
Distribution: Mexico
79 MEX
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Opuntia maxima Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. 8.: no. 5 (1768)
Distribution: Mexico (Aguascalientes, Baja California Norte, Coahuila, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nuevo Leon, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Zacatecas); Argentina (Catamarca, Cordoba, Entre Rios, Jujuy, La Rioja, Santiago del Estero)
79 MEX 85 ARG
Remarks: often included as infraspecific form in O. ficus-indica
Synonyms: hidden
= Cactus decumanus Willd.; Enum. Pl. Hort. Berol., Suppl.: 84 (1814)
= Cactus elongatus Willd.; Enum. Pl. Hort. Berol., Suppl.: 34 (1814)
= Cactus lanceolatus Haw.; Misc. Nat.: 188 (1803)
= Opuntia alfagayucca Karw. ex Salm-Dyck; Cact. Hort. Dyck.: 68 (1850)
= Opuntia amyclaea Ten.; Fl. Neapol. Prodr. App. 5: 15 (1826)
= Opuntia decumana (Willd.) Haw.; Saxifrag. Enum. 2: 71 (1821)
= Opuntia elongata (Willd.) Haw.; Suppl. Pl. Succ.: 81 (1819)
= Opuntia elongata var. laevior Salm-Dyck; Cact. Hort. Dyck.: 242 (1850)
= Opuntia ficus-barbarica A.Berger; Monatsschr. Kakteenkd. 22: 181 (1912)
= Opuntia ficus-indica f. amyclaea (Ten.) Schelle; Handb. Kakteenkult. 51 (1907)
= Opuntia ficus-indica f. decumana (Haw.) Schelle; Handb. Kakteenkult. 51 (1907)
= Opuntia ficus-indica f. gymnocarpa (F.A.C.Weber) Schelle; Kakteen: 66 (1929)
= Opuntia ficus-indica var. amyclaea (Ten.) A.Berger; Hortus Mortolensis: 411 (1912)
= Opuntia ficus-indica var. decumana (Haw.) Speg.; Anales Mus. Nac. Buenos Aires, ser. 3, 4: 512 (1905)
= Opuntia ficus-indica var. gymnocarpa (F.A.C.Weber) Speg.; Anales Mus. Nac. Buenos Aires, ser. 3, 4: 512 (1905)
= Opuntia gymnocarpa F.A.C.Weber; Bois, Dict. Hort. 2: 893 (1898)
= Opuntia labouretiana K.Schum.; Gesamtbeschr. Kakt.: 717 (1898)
= Opuntia lanceolata (Haw.) Haw.; Syn. Pl. Succ.: 192 (1812)
species :
Opuntia megapotamica Arechav.; An. Mus. Montevid. ser. 2, 1: 42 (1904)
Distribution: Uruguay (Cerro Largo, Montevideo, Paysandu, Rio Negro, San Jose, Tacuarembo); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Cordoba, Entre Rios, La Pampa, Santa Fe, San Luis)
85 ARG URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia atrovirens Speg.; Anales Soc. Ci. Argent. 99: 91 (1925)
= Opuntia brunneogemmia (F.Ritter) Schlindw.; Bradleya 13: 29 (1995)
= Opuntia megapotamica subsp. chadihuensis (Oakley & Villamil) M.H.J.van der Meer; Cact. Phantast. 2022(1)-1: 6 (2022)
= Opuntia megapotamica var. chadihuensis Oakley & Villamil; Botany (Ottawa) 95: 115 (2017)
= Opuntia monacanthos subsp. brunneogemmia (F.Ritter) P.J.Braun & Esteves; Succulenta (Netherl.) 74: 133 (1995)
= Opuntia pituitosa (F.Ritter) Iliff; Cact. Consens. Init. 2: 9 (1997)
= Opuntia prasina Speg.; Anales Soc. Ci. Argentina. 99: 103 (1925)
= Platyopuntia brunneogemmia F.Ritter; Kakteen Südamer. 1: 34 (1979)
= Platyopuntia pituitosa F.Ritter; Kakteen Südamer. 2: 404 (1980)
variant :
var. salagria (A.Cast.) Oakley; Botany (Ottawa) 95: 115 (2017)
Distribution: Argentina
85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia megapotamica subsp. salagria (A.Cast.) Guiggi; Cactology 5(Suppl. 5): 1 (2017)
= Opuntia salagria A.Cast.; Lilloa 27: 85 (1955)
species :
Opuntia megarrhiza Rose; Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 10: 126 (1906)
Distribution: Mexico (San Luis Potosi, Tamaulipas)
79 MEX
species :
Opuntia mesacantha Raf.; Bull. Bot. (Geneva) 1: 216 (1830)
subspecies :
subsp. mesacantha
Distribution: USA (New Jersey, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Alabama, Georgia, Florida, Tennessee, Louisiana, Mississippi)
75 USA 78 USA
Remarks: status uncertain, often included in O. humifusa
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia humifusa subsp. mesacantha (Raf.) Guiggi; Cactology 5(Suppl. 8): 16 (2020)
= Opuntia mesacantha var. oplocarpa J.M.Coult.; Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 3: 431 (1896)
= Opuntia mesacantha var. parva J.M.Coult.; Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 3: 429 (1896)
= Opuntia pollardii Britton & Rose; Smithson. Misc. Coll. 50: 523 (1908)
= Opuntia rafinesquei f. oplocarpa (J.M.Coult.) Schelle; Handb. Kakteenkult. 50 (1907)
subspecies :
subsp. lata (Small) Majure; Phytoneuron 2014-106: 1 (2014)
Distribution: USA (North Carolina, South Carolina, Alabama, Georgia, Florida, Mississippi)
78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia eburnispina Small ex Britton & Rose; Cact. 4: 260 (1923)
= Opuntia impedita Small ex Britton & Rose; Cact. 4: 257 (1923)
= Opuntia lata Small; J. N. Y. Bot. Gard. 20: 26 (1919)
= Opuntia macrarthra Gibbes; Proc. Elliott Soc. Nat. Hist. Charleston 1: 273 (1858)
= Opuntia youngii C.Z.Nelson; Trans. Illinois State Acad. Sci. 12: 119 (1919)
species :
Opuntia microdasys (Lehm.) Pfeiff.; Enum. Diagn. Cact. 154 (1837)
Name: Angel´s Wings, Bunny-Ear Prickly Pear, Cegador, Nopal Cegador, Nopalillo Cegador
Distribution: South Africa [I]; Northern Caucasus [I]; Georgia [Caucasus] [I]; India [I] (Uttar Pradesh [I]); Australia [I] (South Australia [I], New South Wales [I]); Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Nayarit, Nuevo Leon, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Zacatecas)
27 saf 33 geo ncs 40 ind 50 aus 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Cactus microdasys Lehm.; Index Sem. Hort. Hamb. 16 (1827)
= Opuntia macrocalyx Griffiths; Rep. Missouri Bot. Gard. 19: 268 (1908)
= Opuntia microdasys f. minor (Salm-Dyck) Schelle; Handb. Kakteenkult. 47 (1907)
= Opuntia microdasys subvar. albiflora Backeb.; Cact.: Handb. Kakteenk. 6: 3623 (1962)
= Opuntia microdasys var. albispina Fobe; Monatsschr. Kakteenkd. 1931: 235 (1931)
= Opuntia microdasys var. laevior Salm-Dyck; Cact. Hort. Dyck., ed. 2: 241 (1849)
= Opuntia microdasys var. minor Salm-Dyck; Hort. Dyck.: 186 (1834)
= Opuntia microdasys var. pallida Borg; Cacti (Borg), ed. 2: 83 (1951)
= Opuntia pulvinata DC.; Mém. Mus. Hist. Nat. 17: 119 (1828)
species :
Opuntia militaris Britton & Rose; Cact. 1: 104 (1919)
Distribution: Cuba
81 CUB
species :
Opuntia monacanthos (Willd.) Haw.; Suppl. Pl. Succ.: 81 (1819)
Distribution: Gibraltar [I]; France [I]; Corsica [I]; ?Italy [I]; Somalia [I]; Mozambique [I]; Lebanon [I]; Syria [I]; China [I]; South Korea [I] (Cheju Isl. [I]); Pakistan [I]; Nepal [I]; India [I] (Odisha [I], Rajasthan [I], Tamil Nadu [I]); Sri Lanka [I]; Bangladesh [I]; peninsular Malaysia [I] (Johor [I]); Philippines [I]; New Zealand [I]; Hawaii [I] (Oahu [I]); NE-Brazil (Bahia, Sergipe); SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais, Espirito Santo, São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro); S-Brazil (Paraná, Santa Catarina, Rio Grande do Sul)
12 cor fra gib 24 som 26 moz 34 leb syr 36 chi 38 kor 40 ban ind nep pak srl 42 mly phi 51 nzl 63 haw 84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cactus indicus Roxb.; (Hort. Beng. 37 (1814), nom. nud.) Fl. Ind. ed. 2, 2: 475 (1832)
= Cactus monacanthos Willd.; Enum. Pl. Hort. Berol. Suppl.: 33 (1814)
= Cactus opuntia var. parvifolius Risso; Hist. Nat. Prod. Eur. Mérid. 2: 172 (1826)
= Cactus urumbeba Vell.; Fl. Flumin.: 207 (1829)
= Opuntia deflexa Lem.; Cact. Gen. Sp. Nov.: 68 (1839)
= Opuntia monacanthos f. jejuensis Jekuk Kim ex Y.S.Yang; Korean J. Pl. Resources 35(6): 814 (2022)
= Opuntia gracilior Lem.; Cact. Gen. Sp. Nov.: 68 (1839)
= Opuntia inermis Moris & De Not.; Fl. Caprar.: 58 (1839), nom. illeg.
= Opuntia lemaireana Console ex Bois; Dict. Hort. 2: 894 (1898)
= Opuntia monacanthos var. deflexa Salm-Dyck; Cact. Hort. Dyck.: 66 (1850)
= Opuntia monacanthos var. gracilior Lem.; Cact. Gen. Sp. Nov.: 68 (1839)
= Opuntia monacanthos var. variegata Anon.; Gard. Chron., n.s. 2: 49 (1874)
= Opuntia roxburghiana Voigt; Hort. Suburb. Calcutt.: 62 (1845)
= Opuntia urumbeba (Vell.) Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 2: 222 (1841)
= Opuntia vulgaris var. lemaireana (Console ex Bois) Backeb.; Cact.: Handb. Kakteenk. 1: 400 (1958)
species :
Opuntia nemoralis Griffiths; Monatsschr. Kakteenkd. 23: 133 (1913)
Distribution: USA (Texas, Louisiana, Arkansas, Missouri)
75 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Remarks: status uncertain, often included in O. humifusa
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia macateei Britton & Rose; Cact. 1: 133 (1919)
= Opuntia rubiflora Griffiths; Bull. Torr. Bot. Cl. 43: 529 (1916)
species :
Opuntia orbiculata Salm-Dyck ex Pfeiff.; Enum. Diagn. Cact. 156 (1837)
Distribution: Mexico (Queretaro, San Luis Potosi)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia crinifera Salm-Dyck ex Pfeiff.; Enum. Diagn. Cact.: 157 (1837)
= Opuntia crinifera var. lanigera Pfeiff.; Enum. Diagn. Cact.: 157 (1837)
= Opuntia dillei Griffiths; Rep. (Annual) Missouri Bot. Gard. 20: 82 (1909)
= Opuntia lanigera Salm-Dyck; Cact. Hort. Dyck.: 65 (1850)
= Opuntia longispina Pfeiff.; Enum. Diagn. Cact.: 156 (1837), nom. illeg.
= Opuntia metternichii Salm-Dyck; Cact. Hort. Dyck., ed. 1844: 46 (1845)
= Opuntia pintadera Salm-Dyck; Cact. Hort. Dyck., ed. 1844: 47 (1845)
= Opuntia senilis Roezl; Ann. Hort. Belge Étrangère 24: 39 (1874)
species :
Opuntia oricola Philbrick; Cact. Succ. J. (Los Angeles) 36: 163 (1964)
Name: Chaparral Prickly Pear
Distribution: USA (S-California: coastal from Sta. Barbara south, Channel Islands); Mexico (N-Baja California Norte)
76 USA 79 MEX
species :
Opuntia pachyrrhiza H.M.Hern., Gómez-Hin. & Bárcenas; Novon 11(3): 309 (2001)
Distribution: Mexico (Nuevo Leon, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia megarrhiza subsp. pachyrrhiza (H.M.Hern., Gómez-Hin. & Bárcenas) U.Guzmán & Mandujano; Cactac. Syst. Init. 16: 18 (2003)
species :
Opuntia parviclada S.Arias & Gama; Fl. Valle Tehuacan-Cuicatlan, 14(Cact.): 125 (1997)
Distribution: Mexico (Oaxaca, Puebla)
79 MEX
species :
Opuntia penicilligera Speg.; Anal. Mus. Buenos Aires 7: 291 (1902)
Distribution: Argentina (Buenos Aires, La Pampa, Neuquen, Rio Negro)
85 ARG
Remarks: sometimes included in O. sulphurea
species :
Opuntia perotensis Scheinvar, Olalde & Gallegos; Bot. Sci. 93(1): 34 (2015)
Distribution: Mexico (Veracruz)
79 MEX
species :
Opuntia phaeacantha Engelm.; Mem. Am. Acad. N. S. 4: 51 (1849)
Name: Engelmann´s Prickly Pear, Brown-spined Prickly Pear, Densely Spined Prickly Pear, Major Prickly Pear, Mojave Prickly Pear, New Mexico Prickly Pear, Purple-fruited Prickly Pear, Yellow-spined Prickly Pear, Coyotillo, Nopal Coyotillo
Distribution: Germany [I]; Czech Republic [I]; Hungary [I]; Northern Caucasus [I]; Georgia [Caucasus] [I]; Azerbaijan [I]; Australia [I] (South Australia [I]); USA (California, Arizona, New Mexico, Texas); Mexico (Aguascalientes, Baja California Norte, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Guanajuato, Nuevo Leon, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Zacatecas)
11 cze ger hun 33 aze geo ncs 50 aus 76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia angustata Engelm. & J.M.Bigelow; Pacif. Railr. Rep. Whipple, Bot. 4(5
= Opuntia cyclodes (Engelm. & J.M.Bigelow) Rose; Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 13: 309 (1911)
= Opuntia engelmannii var. cyclodes Engelm. & J.M.Bigelow; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts, prepr. 3: 35 (1856)
= Opuntia eocarpa Griffiths; Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 29: 11 (1916)
= Opuntia macrocentra subsp. azurea (Rose) Guiggi; Cactology 3(Suppl. II): 3 (2012)
= Opuntia mesacantha var. sphaerocarpa J.M.Coult. ex Wooton & Standl.; Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 19: 446 (1915), pro syn.
= Opuntia phaeacantha var. nigricans Engelm.; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 3: 293 (1856)
= Opuntia recurvospina Griffiths; Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 29: 12 (1916)
= Opuntia rubrifolia Engelm. ex J.M.Coult.; Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 3: 424 (1896)
= Opuntia woodsii Backeb.; Descr. Cact. Nov. 1: 10 (1956 publ. 1957)
= Opuntia zuniensis Griffiths; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 43: 86 (1916)
variant :
var. camanchica (Engelm. & J.M.Bigelow) L.D.Benson; Cact. Succ. J. (Los Angeles) 41: 125 (1969)
Distribution: USA (California, Nevada, Utah, Colorado, Arizona, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Texas)
73 USA 74 USA 76 USA 77 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia camanchica Engelm. & J.M.Bigelow; Pacif. Railr. Rep. Whipple, Bot. 4(5
= Opuntia comanchica Urlandt; Neubert´s Deutsch. Gart.-Mag. 40: 156 (1887), orth. var.
= Opuntia phaeacantha f. brunnea (Engelm.) Schelle; Kakteen: 72 (1929)
= Opuntia phaeacantha subsp. camanchica (Engelm. & J.M.Bigelow) Borg; Cacti (Borg), ed. 2: 96 (1951)
= Opuntia phaeacantha var. brunnea Engelm.; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 3: 293 (1856)
variant :
var. castorea S.L.Welsh & N.D.Atwood; Utah Fl., ed. 3. 75 (2003)
Distribution: USA (Utah)
76 USA
variant :
var. chihuahuensis (Rose) Bravo; Cact. Suc. Mex. 19(2): 47 (1974)
Distribution: Mexico (Sonora, Chihuahua, Durango, Zacatecas)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia chihuahuensis Rose; Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 12: 291 (1909)
variant :
var. major Engelm.; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 3: 293 (1856)
Distribution: USA (California: San Luis Obispo Co., S-Nevada, S-Utah, S-Colorado, Arizona: Mogollon Rim, S-New Mexico, South Dakota: rare, W-Kansas, Oklahoma, W-Texas); N-Mexico (Sonora, Chihuahua, Coahuila)
73 USA 74 USA 76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia arizonica Griffiths; Rep. (Annual) Missouri Bot. Gard. 20: 93 (1909)
= Opuntia blakeana Rose; Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 12: 402 (1909)
= Opuntia canada Griffiths; Rep. (Annual) Missouri Bot. Gard. 20: 90 (1909)
= Opuntia confusa Griffiths; Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 27: 28 (1914)
= Opuntia gilvescens Griffiths; Rep. (Annual) Missouri Bot. Gard. 20: 87 (1909)
= Opuntia gregoriana Griffiths; Rep. (Annual) Missouri Bot. Gard. 22: 26 (1911)
= Opuntia laevis var. canada (Griffiths) Peebles; Cact. Succ. J. (Los Angeles) 9: 68 (1937)
= Opuntia mojavensis Engelm. & J.M.Bigelow; Pacif. Railr. Rep. Whipple, Bot. 4(5
= Opuntia phaeacantha subsp. mojavensis (Engelm. & J.M.Bigelow) Guiggi; Cactology 3(Suppl. II): 3 (2012)
= Opuntia phaeacantha var. mojavensis (Engelm. & J.M.Bigelow) Fosberg; Bull. S. Calif. Acad. Sci. 33: 103 (1934)
= Opuntia platyacantha f. mojavensis (Engelm. & J.M.Bigelow) Schelle; Kakteen: 72 (1929)
= Opuntia toumeyi Rose; Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 12: 402 (1909)
variant :
var. superbospina (Griffiths) L.D.Benson; Cact. Succ. J. (USA) 46(2): 79 (1974)
Distribution: USA (Arizona)
76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia superbospina Griffiths; Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 29: 13 (1916)
species :
Opuntia pilifera F.A.C.Weber; Bois, Dict. Hortic. 894 (1898)
Name: Cocoche loco, Nopal crinado, Nopal de crines
Distribution: Mexico (Puebla, Tlaxcala, Oaxaca)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia pilifera var. aurantiisaeta Backeb.; Descr. Cact. Nov. 1: 10 (1956 publ. 1957)
species :
Opuntia pinkavae B.D.Parfitt; Rhodora, 99(899): 223 (1997 publ. 1998)
Distribution: USA (N-Arizona, S-Utah)
76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia basilaris var. woodburyi Earle; Saguaroland Bull. 34: 15 (1980)
= Opuntia ×woodburyi (W.H.Earle) Stock; Haseltonia 30(1): 9 (2023)
= Opuntia erinacea var. woodburyi (W.H.Earle) S.L.Welsh; Utah Fl., ed. 5. 83 (2015)
species :
Opuntia pittieri Britton & Rose; Cactaceae 1: 188 (1919)
Distribution: Colombia (Boyacá, Cundinamarca, Huila, Valle)
82 CLM
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia bella Britton & Rose; Cactaceae 1: 111 (1919)
species :
Opuntia polyacantha Haw.; Suppl. Pl. Succ. 82 (1819)
Name: Plains Prickly Pear, Cliff Prickly Pear, Grizzly Bear Prickly Pear, Hairy Prickly Pear, Hedgehog Prickly Pear, Juniper Prickly Pear, Nichol´s Prickly Pear, Plains Prickly Pear, Porcupine Prickly Pear, Red-spined Prickly Pear, Starvation Prickly Pear
Distribution: Germany [I]; Hungary [I]; S-Canada; W-USA (Washington to Texas, Arizona, NC-USA, N-Plains, C-Plains, Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, Great Basin, NW-USA, W-Canada, C-Canada); Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango)
11 ger hun 72 CDN 73 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Cactus ferox Nutt.; Gen. N. Amer. Pl. 1: 296 (1818), nom. illeg.
= Opuntia barbata K.Brandegee ex J.A.Purpus; Monatsschr. Kakteenkd. 10: 97 (1900)
= Opuntia barbata var. gracillima K.Brandegee ex J.A.Purpus; Monatsschr. Kakteenkd. 10: 110 (1900)
= Opuntia calacantha Otto ex J.Forbes; J. Hort. Tour Germany: 158 (1837)
= Opuntia erinacea var. utahensis (Engelm.) L.D.Benson; Cacti Ariz., ed. 3: 20 (1969)
= Opuntia heacockiae Arp; Sida 10: 207 (1984)
= Opuntia juniperina Britton & Rose; Cactaceae 1: 197 (1919)
= Opuntia media Haw.; Suppl. Pl. Succ. 82 (1819)
= Opuntia missouriensis DC.; Prod. 3: 472 (1828)
= Opuntia missouriensis f. albispina (Engelm. & J.M.Bigelow) Schelle; Handb. Kakteenkult. 54 (1907)
= Opuntia missouriensis var. albispina Engelm. & J.M.Bigelow; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 3: 300 (1856)
= Opuntia missouriensis var. elongata Salm-Dyck; Cact. Hort. Dyck., ed. 1844: 46 (1845)
= Opuntia missouriensis var. microsperma Engelm.; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 3: 300 (1856)
= Opuntia missouriensis var. platycarpa Engelm.; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 3: 300 (1856)
= Opuntia missouriensis var. rufispina Engelm. & J.M.Bigelow; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 3: 300 (1856)
= Opuntia missouriensis var. salmonea Späth ex J.A.Purpus; Mitt. Deutsch. Dendrol. Ges. 34: 63 (1925), pro syn.
= Opuntia missouriensis var. subinermis Engelm.; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 3: 300 (1856)
= Opuntia neorutila Y.Itô; Cactaceae: 85 (1981), without full replaced synonym ref.
= Opuntia polyacantha f. platycarpa (J.M.Coult.) Toumey & Rose; Bailey, Stand. Cycl. Hort. 4: 2363 (1916)
= Opuntia polyacantha subsp. borealis (J.M.Coult.) Piper & Beattie; Fl. N.W. Coast: 244 (1915)
= Opuntia polyacantha var. albispina J.M.Coult.; Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 3: 437 (1896)
= Opuntia polyacantha var. borealis J.M.Coult.; Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 3: 436 (1896)
= Opuntia polyacantha var. erythrostema J.A.Purpus; Mitt. Deutsch. Dendrol. Ges. 34: 63 (1925)
= Opuntia polyacantha var. juniperina (Britton & Rose) L.D.Benson; Cacti Ariz., ed. 3: 20 (1969)
= Opuntia polyacantha var. platycarpa J.M.Coult.; Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 3: 436 (1896)
= Opuntia polyacantha var. rhodantha (K.Schum.) M.H.J.van der Meer; Cact. Phantast. 2020(11)-1: 1 (2020)
= Opuntia polyacantha var. rufispina (Engelm. & J.M.Bigelow) L.D.Benson; Cacti Ariz., ed. 3: 20 (1969)
= Opuntia polyacantha var. salmonea J.A.Purpus; Mitt. Deutsch. Dendrol. Ges. 34: 63 (1925)
= Opuntia polyacantha var. schweriniana (K.Schum.) Backeb.; Cact.: Handb. Kakteenk. 1: 607 (1958)
= Opuntia polyacantha var. spirocentra J.A.Purpus; Mitt. Deutsch. Dendrol. Ges. 34: 63 (1925)
= Opuntia polyacantha var. subinermis J.A.Purpus; Mitt. Deutsch. Dendrol. Ges. 34: 62 (1925)
= Opuntia polyacantha var. utahensis (Engelm.) Bulot; Succulentes (France) 25(No. Spécial): 39 (2002)
= Opuntia polyacantha var. watsonii J.M.Coult.; Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 3: 437 (1896)
= Opuntia rutila Nutt. ex Torr. & A.Gray; Fl. N. Am. 1: 555 (1840)
= Opuntia schweriniana K.Schum.; Monatsschr. Kakteenkd. 148 (1899)
= Opuntia sphaerocarpa Engelm. & J.M.Bigelow; Pacif. Rail. Rep. 4: 47 (1856)
= Opuntia sphaerocarpa var. utahensis Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 2: 199 (1863)
= Opuntia spirocentra Engelm. & J.M.Bigelow ex Haage; Verz. Cact. 1864: 30 (1864)
= Opuntia splendens Pfeiff.; Enum. Diagn. Cact.: 159 (1837)
= Opuntia utahensis J.A.Purpus; Monatsschr. Kakteenkd. 19: 133 (1909)
= Tunas polyacantha (Haw.) Nieuwl. & Lunell; Am. Midl. Nat. 4: 479 (1916)
variant :
var. arenaria (Engelm.) B.D.Parfitt; Cact. Succ. J. (U. S. A.) 70(4): 188 (1998)
Distribution: USA (SE-New Mexico, W-Texas); Mexico (Chihuahua)
77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia arenaria Engelm.; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 3: 301 (1857)
= Opuntia polyacantha subsp. arenaria (Engelm.) Guiggi; Cactology 5(Suppl. 8): 16 (2020)
variant :
var. erinacea (Engelm. & J.M.Bigelow) B.D.Parfitt; Cact. Succ. J. (U. S. A.) 70(4): 188 (1998)
Name: Mojave Prickly Pear
Distribution: USA (SE-California: White Mountain to Mojave desert, inland San Gabriel Mts., S-Nevada, S-Utah, W-Colorado: Montrose, N-Arizona, W-New Mexico); Mexico (Chihuahua, Sonora)
73 USA 76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia diploursina Stock, N.Hussey & Beckstrom; Cact. Succ. J. (Los Angeles) 86(2): 79, photogrs., map (2014)
= Opuntia erinacea Engelm. & J.M.Bigelow; Pacif. Railr. Rep. Whipple, Bot. 4(5
= Opuntia erinacea var. paucispina Dunkle; Bull. S. Calif. Acad. Sci. 34: 3 (1935)
= Opuntia erinacea var. ursina (F.A.C.Weber) Parish ex Jeps.; Fl. Calif. 2: 542 (1936)
= Opuntia hystricina var. bensonii Backeb.; Cact.: Handb. Kakteenk. 1: 609 (1958)
= Opuntia hystricina var. ursina (F.A.C.Weber) Backeb.; Cact.: Handb. Kakteenk. 1: 610 (1958)
= Opuntia polyacantha subsp. erinacea (Engelm. & J.M.Bigelow) Guiggi; Cactology 3(Suppl. II): 4 (2012)
= Opuntia ursina F.A.C.Weber; Bois, Dict. Hort. 2: 896 (1898)
variant :
var. hystricina (Engelm. & J.M.Bigelow) B.D.Parfitt; Cact. Succ. J. (USA.) 70(4): 188 (1998)
Distribution: USA (N-Arizona, Colorado)
73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia erinacea var. hystricina (Engelm. & J.M.Bigelow) L.D.Benson; Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci., ser. 4, 25: 249 (1944)
= Opuntia erinacea var. rhodantha (K.Schum.) L.D.Benson; Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci., ser. 4, 25: 249 (1944)
= Opuntia hystricina Engelm. & J.M.Bigelow; Pacif. Railr. Rep. Whipple, Bot. 4(5
= Opuntia polyacantha subsp. hystricina (Engelm. & J.M.Bigelow) Guiggi; Cactology 5(Suppl. 8): 17 (2020)
= Opuntia rhodantha K.Schum.; Gesamtbeschr. Kakt.: 735 (1898)
= Opuntia rhodantha var. spinosior Boissev. & C.Davidson; Cact. Succ. J. (Los Angeles) 15: 138 (1943)
= Opuntia xerocarpa Griffiths; Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 29: 15 (1916)
variant :
var. nicholii (L.D.Benson) B.D.Parfitt; Cact. Succ. J. (U. S. A.) 70(4): 188 (1998)
Distribution: USA (Utah, Arizona)
76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia erinacea var. xanthostemma (K.Schum.) L.D.Benson; Leafl. W. Bot. 4: 209 (1945)
= Opuntia hystricina var. nicholii (L.D.Benson) Backeb.; Cact.: Handb. Kakteenk. 1: 610 (1958)
= Opuntia nicholii L.D.Benson; Cacti Arizona, ed. 2, 48 (1950)
= Opuntia polyacantha subsp. nicholii (L.D.Benson) M.H.J.van der Meer; Cact. Phantast. 2022(1)-1: 6 (2022)
= Opuntia rhodantha f. xanthostemma (K.Schum.) Rehder; Bibliogr. Cult. Trees: 478 (1949)
= Opuntia rhodantha var. xanthostemma (K.Schum.) Rehder; J. Arnold Arbor. 7: 149 (1926)
= Opuntia xanthostemma K.Schum.; Gesamtbeschr. Kakt.: 735 (1898)
variant :
var. trichophora (Engelm. & J.M.Bigelow) J.M.Coult.; Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 3: 437 (1896)
Distribution: USA (Utah, New Mexico, Texas); NE-Mexico
76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia missouriensis f. trichophora (Engelm. & J.M.Bigelow) Schelle; Handb. Kakteenkult. 54 (1907)
= Opuntia missouriensis var. trichophora Engelm. & J.M.Bigelow; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 3: 300 (1856)
= Opuntia polyacantha f. trichophora (Engelm. & J.M.Bigelow) Guiggi; Cactology 5(Suppl. 8): 17 (2020)
= Opuntia trichophora (Engelm. & J.M.Bigelow) Britton & Rose; Smithson. Misc. Coll. I. 535 (1908)
species :
Opuntia pottsii Salm-Dyck; Cact. Hort. Dyck. ed. II. 236 (1850)
Distribution: USA (W-Texas, New Mexico, Arizona)
76 USA 77 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia ballii Rose; Contrib. US. Nat. Herb. 13: 309 (1911)
= Opuntia delicata Rose; Contrib. US. Nat. Herb. 13: 310. (1911)
= Opuntia filipendula Engelm.; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 3: 294 (1856)
= Opuntia macrorhiza subsp. pottsii (Salm-Dyck) U.Guzmán & Mandujano; Cactac. Syst. Init. 16: 18 (2003)
= Opuntia macrorhiza var. pottsii (Salm-Dyck) L.D.Benson; Cacti Ariz., ed. 3: 20 (1969)
= Opuntia pottsii var. montana (Engelm.) Bulot; Succulentes (France) (2002)
= Opuntia rafinesquei var. montana Engelm.; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts, prepr. 3: 40 (1856)
= Opuntia setispina Engelm. ex Salm-Dyck; Cact. Hort. Dyck. ed. II. 239 (1850)
= Opuntia tenuispina Engelm. & J.M.Bigelow; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 3: 294 (1857)
species :
Opuntia preciadoae Scheinvar, Olalde, Gallegos & J.Morales S.; Bradleya 36: 25 (2018)
Distribution: Mexico (Chihuahua, Durango, Sonora, Sinaloa)
79 MEX
species :
Opuntia puberula Hort.Vindob. ex Pfeiff.; Enum. Diagn. Cact. 156 (1837)
Name: Nopal de Culebra, Nopal de Tortuga
Distribution: Mexico (Sinaloa to Tehuantepec, Tamaulipas to Veracruz); Guatemala
79 MEX 80 GUA
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia heliae Matuda; Cact. & Suc. Mexw. 1: 23 (1955)
= Opuntia maxonii J.G.Ortega; Apuntes Fl. Indig. Sinaloa, Fam. Cact. C. No. 11 (1929), et Bol. Pro-Cult. Reg. 1: No. 13 (Fam. Cact. 8) (1930)
= Opuntia parvispina Salm-Dyck; Cact. Hort. Dyck.: 238 (1850)
= Opuntia scheinvariana Paniagua; (1980) (not validly published)
species :
Opuntia pubescens H.L.Wendl.; Cat. Hort. Herrnh. (1835), ex Pfeiff. Enum. Diagn. Cact. 149 (1837)
Name: Abrojo, Chile de Perro, Tetencholete
Distribution: Mexico (Aguascalientes, Baja California Sur, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Colima, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nuevo Leon, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Yucatan, Zacatecas); Guatemala; Honduras; Colombia (Boyacá, Huila, Santander); Venezuela (Venezuela Distrito Federal, Lara, Merida, Tachira); Ecuador; Peru; Bolivia
79 MEX 80 GUA HON 82 CLM VEN 83 BOL ECU PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Cactus nanus Kunth; Nov. Gen. & Sp. 6: 68 (1823)
= Cactus opuntia var. nana DC.; Pl. Hist. Succ.: t. 138 (1804)
= Cactus pubescens (H.L.Wendl. ex Pfeiff.) Lem.; Cactées: 87 (1868)
= Cereus nanus (Kunth) DC.; Prod. 3: 470 (1828)
= Corynopuntia dumetorum (A.Berger) F.M.Knuth; Backeb. & Knuth, Kaktus-ABC, 116 (1935)
= Grusonia dumetorum (A.Berger) E.F.Anderson; Cact. Succ. J. (U. S. A.) 71(6): 325 (1999)
= Opuntia depauperata Britton & Rose; Cactaceae 1: 101, 216 (1919)
= Opuntia dumetorum A.Berger; Kakteen, 58 (1929)
= Opuntia hoffmannii Bravo; Anales Inst. Biol. Mexico 1: 89 (1930)
= Opuntia infesta (F.Ritter) Iliff; Cact. Consens. Init. 2: 8 (1997)
= Opuntia leptarthra F.A.C.Weber; Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat. (Paris) 10: 393 (1904)
= Opuntia nana (DC.) Vis.; Fl. Dalmat. 3: 143 (1852)
= Opuntia pascoensis Britton & Rose; Cactaceae 1: 101 (1919)
= Opuntia pestifer Britton & Rose; Cactaceae 1: 103, 217 (1919)
= Opuntia pumila Rose; Smithson. Misc. Coll. 50: 521 (1908)
= Opuntia tayapayensis Cardenas; Lilloa 23: 18 (1950)
= Opuntia vulgaris f. nana (DC.) Schelle; Handb. Kakteenkult. 50 (1907)
= Opuntia vulgaris var. nana (DC.) K.Schum.; Gesamtbeschr. Kakt.: 715 (1898)
= Platyopuntia dumetorum (A.Berger) F.Ritter; Kakteen Südamer. 1: 27 (1979)
= Platyopuntia infesta F.Ritter; Kakteen Südamer. 4: 1258 (1981)
= Platyopuntia nana (Kunth) F.Ritter; Kakteen Südamer. 2: 495 (1980)
species :
Opuntia pycnantha Engelm. ex J.M.Coult.; U. S. Dept. Agric. Contrib. Nat. Herb. 3: 423 (1896)
Distribution: Mexico (Baja California Sur)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia margaritana (J.M.Coult.) E.M.Baxter; J. Cact. Succ. Soc. Amer. 2: 388 (1931)
= Opuntia pycnantha var. margaritana J.M.Coult.; Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 3: 424 (1896)
species :
Opuntia quimilo K.Schum.; Kuntze, Rev. Gen. 3(2): 107 (1898)
Name: Quimilo
Distribution: Bolivia; Paraguay (Alto Paraguay); Argentina (Catamarca, Chaco, Cordoba, Formosa, Jujuy, La Rioja, Salta, Santiago del Estero, Santa Fe, Tucuman)
83 BOL 85 ARG PAR
Synonyms: hidden
= Platyopuntia quimilo (K.Schum.) F.Ritter; Kakteen Südamer. 2: 404 (1980)
= Opuntia distans Britton & Rose; Cactaceae 1: 155 (1919)
species :
Opuntia quitensis F.A.C.Weber; Bois, Dict. Hortic. 894 (1898)
Distribution: Colombia (Nariño); Ecuador; Peru
82 CLM 83 ECU PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia macbridei Britton & Rose; Cactaceae 4: 261 (1923)
= Opuntia macbridei var. orbicularis Rauh & Backeb.; Backeb., Descr. Cact. Nov. 1: 10 (1956 publ. 1957)
= Platyopuntia quitensis (F.A.C.Weber) F.Ritter; Kakteen Südamer. 4: 1255 (1981)
species :
Opuntia rastrera F.A.C.Weber; Bois, Dict. Hortic. (1898)
Name: Cuija
Distribution: Mexico (Aguascalientes, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Nuevo Leon, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Zacatecas)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia engelmannii subsp. rastrera (F.A.C.Weber) Guiggi; Cactology 3: 08 (2012)
= Opuntia engelmannii var. rastrera (F.A.C.Weber) Pinkava; J. Arizona-Nevada Acad. Sci. 36(1): 20 (2003)
= Opuntia lindheimeri var. lucens (Griffiths) Scheinvar; Phytologia 49: 320 (1981)
= Opuntia lucens Griffiths; Rep. (Annual) Missouri Bot. Gard. 19: 269 (1908)
species :
Opuntia repens Bello; Anal. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 10: 277 (1881)
Name: Gatos, Olaga, Suckers
Distribution: Haiti; Puerto Rico (Mona Isl., Monito Isl., Desecheo Isl., Culebra Isl., Vieques Isl.); Virgin Isl. (Guana, St. Croix, St. John, St. Thomas, Tortola, Virgin Gorda)
81 HIS PUE VIR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cactus foliosus Willd.; Enum. Pl. Hort. Berol., Suppl.: 35 (1814)
= Cactus humilis Lag.; Gen. Sp. Pl.: 16 (1816), nom. illeg.
= Cactus pusillus Haw.; Misc. Nat.: 188 (1803)
= Opuntia ekmanii Werderm.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 29: 225 (1931)
= Opuntia foliosa (Willd.) Salm-Dyck ex DC.; Prodr. 3: 471 (1828)
= Opuntia hystrix Pfeiff.; Enum. Diagn. Cact.: 148 (1837)
= Tephrocactus pusillus (Haw.) Lem.; Cactées: 88 (1868)
species :
Opuntia retrorsa Speg.; Anal. Mus. Buenos Aires 11: 517 (1905)
Distribution: Bolivia; Paraguay (Alto Paraguay, Paraguari, Pres. Hayes); Uruguay (Paysandu, Rio Negro); Argentina (Chaco, Cordoba, Corrientes, Entre Rios, Formosa, Jujuy, La Rioja, Salta, Santiago del Estero, Santa Fe, Tucuman)
83 BOL 85 ARG PAR URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia anacantha subsp. retrorsa (Speg.) Lodé; Cact.-Advent. Int. [Almeria] 35(122): 179 (2023)
= Opuntia anacantha var. retrorsa (Speg.) R.Kiesling; Candollea 53(2): 475 (1998)
= Opuntia platynoda Griffiths; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 43: 526 (1916)
= Opuntia roborensis Cárdenas; Cact. Succ. J. (Los Angeles) 42: 32 (1970)
= Opuntia viridirubra (F.Ritter) P.J.Braun & Esteves; Succulenta (Netherl.) 74: 133 (1995)
= Platyopuntia retrorsa (Speg.) F.Ritter; Kakteen Südamer. 2: 496 (1980)
= Platyopuntia viridirubra F.Ritter; Kakteen Südamer. 1: 35 (1979)
species :
Opuntia ritteri A.Berger; Kakteen, 68, 344 (1929)
Distribution: Mexico (Zacatecas)
79 MEX
Remarks: status doubtful, insufficiently known
species :
Opuntia robinsonii J.G.Ortega; Apuntes Fl. Indig. Sinaloa, Fam. Cact. C. No. 10 (1929)
Distribution: Mexico (Chihuahua, Jalisco, Michoacan, Nayarit, Sinaloa, Sonora, Zacatecas)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia robinsoni J.G.Ortega; Bol. Pro-Cult. Reg. 1: No. 13 (Fam. Cact. 8) (1930)
species :
Opuntia robusta H.L.Wendl.; Cat. Hort. Herrnh. (1835), ex Pfeiff. Enum. Diagn. Cact. 165
Name: Bartolona, Nopal Comueso, Nopal Tapon, Tuna Tapon
Distribution: Canary Isl. [I] (Gran Canaria [I], Tenerife [I], La Palma Isl. [I]); South Africa [I] (widespread); Australia [I] (South Australia [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I]); Mexico (Aguascalientes, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nuevo Leon, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Zacatecas)
21 cny 27 saf 50 aus 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia albicans Salm-Dyck; Hort. Dyck.: 361 (1834)
= Opuntia albicans var. laevior Salm-Dyck; Cact. Hort. Dyck.: 67 (1850)
= Opuntia camuessa F.A.C.Weber; Bois, Dict. Hort. 2: 895 (1898)
= Opuntia flavicans Lem.; Cact. Gen. Sp. Nov.: 61 (1839)
= Opuntia gorda Griffiths; Monatsschr. Kakteenkd. 23: 134 (1913)
= Opuntia megalarthra Rose; Smithsonian Misc. Collect. 50: 529 (1908)
= Opuntia piccolomini Anon.; Gartenflora 36: 39 (1887)
= Opuntia prate Sabine ex Pfeiff.; Enum. Diagn. Cact.: 155 (1837)
= Opuntia pruinosa Salm-Dyck; Cact. Hort. Dyck.: 67 (1850)
= Opuntia robusta var. albicans (Salm-Dyck) Schelle; Handb. Kakteenkult. 57 (1907)
= Opuntia robusta var. longiglochidiata Backeb.; Descr. Cact. Nov. 1: 10 (1956 publ. 1957)
= Opuntia robusta var. megalarthra (Rose) K.Hammer; Kulturpflanze 24: 266 (1976)
variant :
var. guerrana (Griff.) Sánchez-Mej.; Cact. Suc. Mex. 17(4): 119 (1972)
Distribution: Mexico (Guerrero)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia guerrana Griffiths; Rep. Missouri Bot. Gard. 19: 266 (1908)
variant :
var. larreyi (F.A.C.Weber) Bravo; Cact. Suc. Mex. 17(4): 119 (1972)
Name: Nopal Camueso
Distribution: Mexico (Hidalgo, Queretaro)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia larreyi F.A.C.Weber ex J.M.Coult.; U. S. Dept. Agric. Contrib. Nat. Herb. 3: 423 (1897)
species :
Opuntia rufida Engelm.; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 3: 298 (1857)
Name: Blind Prickly Pear
Distribution: USA (SW-Texas: Big Bend Area); Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila)
77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia herrfeldtii Kupper; Monatsschr. Deutsch. Kakteen-Ges. 2: 212 (1930)
= Opuntia lubrica Griffiths; Rep. Missouri Bot. Gard. 21: 169 (1910)
= Opuntia microdasys subsp. rufida (Engelm.) U.Guzmán & Mandujano; Cactac. Syst. Init. 16: 18 (2003)
= Opuntia microdasys var. rufida (Engelm.) K.Schum.; Gesamtbeschr. Kakt.: 706 (1898)
= Opuntia rufida var. tortiflora M.S.Anthony; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 55: 240 (1956)
species :
Opuntia sanguinea Proctor; J. Arnold Arbor. 63(3): 239 (1982)
Distribution: Jamaica
81 JAM
species :
Opuntia scheeri F.A.C.Weber; Bois, Dict. Hortic. 895 (1898)
Distribution: Mexico (Aguascalientes, Durango, Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Queretaro)
79 MEX
species :
Opuntia schumannii F.A.C.Weber ex A.Berger; Gard. Chron., I. 34 (1904)
Distribution: Colombia (Boyacá, Cesar, Cundinamarca, Norte de Santander, Santander); Venezuela (Tachira)
82 CLM VEN
species :
Opuntia setocarpa Arreola-Nava, Guzm.-Hern. & Cuevas; Revista Mex. Biodivers. 88(4): 793 (2017)
Distribution: Mexico (Jalisco)
79 MEX
species :
Opuntia sierralagunensis León de la Luz & F.Mercado; Phytotaxa 508(3): 269 (2021)
Distribution: Mexico (Baja California Sur)
79 MEX
species :
Opuntia soederstromiana Britton & Rose; Cactaceae 1: 154, 221 (1919)
Distribution: Ecuador
83 ECU
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia dobbieana Britton & Rose; Cactaceae 1: 187, 225 (1919)
species :
Opuntia spinulifera Salm-Dyck; Hort. Dyck. 364 (1834)
Distribution: South Africa [I]; Mexico (Aguascalientes, Ciudad de Mexico, Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Mexico State, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Zacatecas); Argentina (Entre Rios)
27 saf 79 MEX 85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia candelabriformis Pfeiff.; Enum. Diagn. Cact.: 159 (1837)
= Opuntia candelabriformis var. rigidior Salm-Dyck; Cact. Hort. Dyck.: 68 (1850)
= Opuntia heliabravoana Scheinvar; Anales Inst. Biol. Univ. Nac. Auton. Mex.,Bot. 45(1): 75 (1974 publ. 1975)
= Opuntia oligacantha Pfeiff.; Enum. Diagn. Cact.: 137 (1837)
species :
Opuntia stenarthra K.Schum.; Monatsschr. Kakteenkd. 9: 149 (1899)
Distribution: S-Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul); Paraguay (Central); Argentina (Corrientes)
84 BRA 85 ARG PAR
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia assumptionis K.Schum.; Monatsschr. Kakteenkd. 153 (1899)
= Opuntia cognata (F.Ritter) P.J.Braun & Esteves; Succulenta (Netherl.) 74: 132 (1995)
= Opuntia subsphaerocarpa Speg.; Anales Soc. Ci. Argent. 99: 104 (1925)
= Platyopuntia cognata F.Ritter; Kakteen Südamer. 1: 246 (1979)
species :
Opuntia stenopetala Engelm.; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 3: 289 (1857)
Name: Arrastradillo, Nopal Serrano
Distribution: Mexico (Aguascalientes, Coahuila, Durango, Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Nuevo Leon, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Zacatecas)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia arrastradillo Backeb.; Cactus, Paris, No. 36, 181 (1953)
= Opuntia glaucescens Link & Otto; Verh. Ver. Befoerd. Gartenb. 6: 434 (1880), Salm-Dyck, Hort. Dyck. 362
= Opuntia glaucescens Pfeiff.; Enum. Diagn. Cact.: 155 (1837), nom. illeg.
= Opuntia grandis Pfeiff.; Enum. Diagn. Cact.: 155 (1837)
= Opuntia marnieriana Backeb.; Cactus (Paris) 36: 181 (1953)
= Opuntia riviereana Backeb.; Cactus, Paris, No. 75, 32 (1962), Backeb. Cact. Handb. Kakteenk. 6: 3628 (1962)
= Opuntia stenopetala var. inerme Bravo; Cact. Suc. Mex. 19(1): 27 (1974)
species :
Opuntia streptacantha Lem.; Cact. Gen. Sp. Nov. 62 (1839)
subspecies :
subsp. streptacantha
Name: Cardon, Cenizo, Chaveno, Nopal Cardon, Nopal Harton, Tuna Cardona
Distribution: Australia [I] (Queensland [I]); Mexico (Aguascalientes, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nuevo Leon, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Tamaulipas, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Zacatecas)
50 aus 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia cardonae F.A.C.Weber; Bois, Dict. Hort. 2: 895 (1898)
= Opuntia coindetti F.A.C.Weber; Bois, Dict. Hort. 2: 895 (1898)
= Opuntia diplacantha A.Berger; Hortus Mortolensis: 232 (1912), nom. nud.
variant :
var. pachona (Griff.) K.Hammer; Kulterpflanze 24: 262 (1976)
Distribution: Mexico (Zacatecas)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia pachona Griffiths; Rep. Missouri Bot. Gard. 21: 168 (1910)
subspecies :
subsp. aguirriana Scheinvar & A.Rodr.; Anales Inst. Biol. Univ. Nac. Auton. Mexico, Bot. 74(2): 304 (2004)
Distribution: Mexico (San Luis Potosi)
79 MEX
species :
Opuntia stricta (Haw.) Haw.; Syn. Pl. Succ.: 191 (1812)
Name: Pest Pear, Coastal Prickly Pear, Yaaxpakan
Distribution: Spain [I]; France [I]; Bulgaria [I]; Angola [I]; Namibia [I]; South Africa [I] (widespread); Eswatini [Swaziland] [I]; Mozambique Channel Isl. [Iles Éparses] [c] (Juan de Nova Isl. [c]); Georgia [Caucasus] [I]; Azerbaijan [I]; China [I]; Pakistan [I]; India [I] (Andhra Pradesh [I], Assam [I], Karnataka [I], Punjab [I], Tamil Nadu [I]); Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], Northern Territory [I], South Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I]); USA (S-Florida, S-Louisiana, SE-Texas: Galveston); Mexico (Campeche, Nuevo Leon, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Yucatan, Ciudad de Mexico, Guanajuato, Mexico State); Bahamas; Cuba; Surinam [I]
12 fra spa 13 bul 26 ang 27 nam saf swz 29 mci 33 aze geo 36 chi 40 ind pak 50 aus 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX 81 BAH CUB 82 sur
Synonyms: hidden
= Cactus opuntia var. inermis DC.; Pl. Hist. Succ. 2: t. 138, f. C (1799)
= Cactus strictus Haw.; Misc. Nat.: 188 (1803)
= Consolea bahamana (Britton & Rose) A.Berger; Entwickl. Kakteen, 94 (1926)
= Opuntia airampo Phil.; Anales Univ. Chile 85: 492 (1894)
= Opuntia bahamana Britton & Rose; Cactaceae 1: 203 (1919)
= Opuntia balearica F.A.C.Weber ex Hirscht; Monatsschr. Kakteenkd. 8: 175, pro syn. (1898)
= Opuntia bartramii Raf.; Atlantic J. 1: 146 (1832)
= Opuntia bentonii Griffiths; Rep. (Annual) Missouri Bot. Gard. 22: 25 (1911)
= Opuntia dillenii var. reitzii Scheinvar; Feddes Repert. 95: 277 (1984)
= Opuntia inermis (DC.) DC.; Prodr. 3: 473 (1828)
= Opuntia keyensis Britton ex Small; J. N. Y. Bot. Gard. 20: 31 (1919)
= Opuntia longiclada Griffiths; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 43: 525 (1916)
= Opuntia magnifica Small; Man. Southeast. Fl. 910 (1933)
= Opuntia parva A.Berger; Hortus Mortolensis: 234 (1912)
= Opuntia stricta subsp. esparzae Scheinvar; Cact. Suc. Mex. 47(4): 98 (2002)
= Opuntia stricta var. reitzii (Scheinvar) Scheinvar & A.Rodr.; Revista Jard. Bot. Nac. Univ. Habana 21: 299 (2000 publ. 2001), with incorrect basionym ref.
= Opuntia tenuiflora Small; Man. Southeast. Fl. 908 (1933)
= Opuntia vulgaris var. balearica F.A.C.Weber; Bois, Dict. Hort. 2: 894 (1898)
species :
Opuntia strigil Engelm.; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 3: 290 (1857)
Distribution: USA (Texas: very local, W Fort Stockton, NW Ozona, south to Longfellow, Sanderson, Dryden); Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo Leon, Tamaulipas)
77 USA 79 MEX
species :
Opuntia sulphurea G.Don ex Loudon; Hort. Brit. 196 (1830), Salm-Dyck, Hort. Dyck. 360
Name: Airampu
Distribution: Australia [I] (Queensland [I]); Bolivia; Argentina (Catamarca, Chaco, Cordoba, La Rioja, Mendoza, Neuquen, Rio Negro, San Juan, Tucuman)
50 aus 83 BOL 85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cactus sericeus Gillies ex G.Don; Loudon, Hort. Brit.: 196 (1830)
= Cactus sulphureus Gillies ex G.Don; Loudon, Hort. Brit.: 196 (1830)
= Opuntia albisetosa Hildm. ex Hirscht; Monatsschr. Kakteenkd. 10: 48, pro syn. (1900)
= Opuntia brachyacantha (F.Ritter) R.Crook & Mottram; Bradleya 13: 115 (1995)
= Opuntia coerulea Gillies ex Pfeiff.; Enum. Diagn. Cact.: 155 (1837)
= Opuntia maelenii Salm-Dyck; Cact. Hort. Dyck., ed. 1844: 46 (1845)
= Opuntia sericea G.Don ex Salm-Dyck; Hort. Dyck.: 363 (1834)
= Opuntia sericea var. longispina Salm-Dyck; Hort. Dyck.: 363 (1834)
= Opuntia sericea var. maelenii Salm-Dyck; Cact. Hort. Dyck.: 67 (1850)
= Opuntia sulphurea subsp. brachyacantha (F.Ritter) P.J.Braun & Esteves; Succulenta (Netherl.) 74: 133 (1995)
= Opuntia sulphurea subsp. spinibarbis (F.Ritter) P.J.Braun & Esteves; Succulenta (Netherl.) 74(3): 133 (1995)
= Opuntia sulphurea subsp. vulpina (F.A.C.Weber) Guiggi; Cactology 3: 11 (2012)
= Opuntia sulphurea var. laevior Salm-Dyck; Cact. Hort. Dyck.: 67 (1850)
= Opuntia sulphurea var. major Monv. ex Lem.; Cact. Gen. Sp. Nov.: 71 (1839)
= Opuntia sulphurea var. pallidior Monv. ex Lem.; Cact. Gen. Sp. Nov.: 71 (1839)
= Platyopuntia brachyacantha F.Ritter; Kakteen Südamer. 2: 501 (1980)
= Platyopuntia spinibarbis F.Ritter; Kakteen Südamer. 2: 499 (1980)
= Platyopuntia spinibarbis var. grandiflora F.Ritter; Kakteen Südamer. 2: 500 (1980)
= Platyopuntia sulphurea (G.Don ex Salm-Dyck) F.Ritter; Kakteen Südamer. 2: 407 (1980)
variant :
var. pampeana (Speg.) Backeb.; Cact.: Handb. Kakteenk. 1: 414 (1958)
Distribution: Uruguay (Rio Negro); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Cordoba, La Pampa, Santiago del Estero, Santa Fe)
85 ARG URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia brunnescens Britton & Rose; Cact. 1: 150 (1919)
= Opuntia maculacantha C.F.Först.; Hamburger Garten- Blumenzeitung 17: 166 (1861)
= Opuntia pampeana Speg.; Contr. Fl. Sierra Vent.: 30 (1896)
variant :
var. hildemannii (Fric) Backeb.; Cact.: Handb. Kakteenk. 1: 413 (1958)
Distribution: Argentina (Jujuy, Salta)
85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia hildemanii Fric; Möller´s Deutsche Gärtn.-Zeitung 42: 377 (1927)
= Opuntia vulpina F.A.C.Weber; Bois, Dict. Hort. 2: 895 (1898)
species :
Opuntia tapona Engelm. ex J.M.Coult.; U. S. Dept. Agric. Contrib. Nat. Herb. 3: 423 (1896)
Distribution: Mexico (Baja California Sur)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia angustata var. comonduensis J.M.Coult.; Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 3: 425 (1896)
= Opuntia comonduensis (J.M.Coult.) Britton & Rose; Smithsonian Misc. Collect. 50: 519 (1908)
species :
Opuntia taylorii Britton & Rose; Smithson. Misc. Coll. 50: 520 (1908)
Name: Piquant, Piquant sauteur (Haiti)
Distribution: Hispaniola (Dominican Republic, Haiti)
81 HIS
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia repens subsp. taylorii (Britton & Rose) Guiggi; Phytotaxa 573(2): 222 (2022)
species :
Opuntia tehuacana S.Arias & U.Guzmán; Fl. Valle Tehuacan-Cuicatlan, 14(Cact.): 131 (1997)
Distribution: Mexico (Puebla, Oaxaca)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia olmeca Joel Pérez, J.Reyes & F.Brachet; Cact. Suc. Mex. 50(3): 90 (89-95, photogrs. 1-11) (2005)
species :
Opuntia tehuantepecana (Bravo) Bravo; Cact. Suc. Mex. 17(4): 119 (1972)
Name: Nopal de Caballo
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Oaxaca)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia dillenii var. tehuantepecana Bravo; Cact. Suc. Mex. 9: 55 (1969)
= Opuntia nejapensis Bravo; Cact. Suc. Mex. 17(4): 115 (1972)
species :
Opuntia tezontepecana Gallegos & Scheinvar; Novon 23(2): 158 (-161, figs. 1-2) (2014)
Distribution: Mexico (Hidalgo)
79 MEX
species :
Opuntia tomentosa Salm-Dyck; Obs. Bot. 8 (1822)
Name: Nopal de San Gabriel, Velvet Opuntia
Distribution: Canary Isl. [I] (Lanzarote [I], Fuerteventura [I], Gran Canaria [I], Tenerife [I], La Gomera [I], La Palma Isl. [I]); Australia [I] (South Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I]); USA [I] (California [I]); Mexico (Aguascalientes, Colima, Ciudad de Mexico, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nuevo Leon, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Zacatecas); Guatemala; Honduras
21 cny 50 aus 76 usa 79 MEX 80 GUA HON
Synonyms: hidden
= Cactus hernandezii (DC.) Oken; Allg. Naturgesch. 3: (3) 1911 (1841)
= Cactus tomentosus Link; Enum. Hort. Berol. 2: 24 (1822)
= Nopal silvestre Thierry ex C.F.Först. & Rümpler; Handb. Kakteenk., ed. 2: 929 (1885)
= Opuntia eichlamii A.Berger; Monatsschr. Kakteenkd. 22: 147, in adnot. (1912)
= Opuntia hernandezii DC.; Mem. Mus. Par. 17: (1828) 69. t. 16
= Opuntia icterica Griffiths; Monatsschr. Kakteenkd. 23: 138 (1913)
= Opuntia macdougaliana Rose; Smithson. Misc. Coll. 50: 516 (1908)
= Opuntia micrarthra Griffiths; Monatsschr. Kakteenkd. 23: 130 (1913)
= Opuntia oblongata H.L.Wendl. ex Pfeiff.; Enum. Diagn. Cact.: 161 (1837)
= Opuntia rileyi J.G.Ortega; Apuntes Fl. Indig. Sinaloa, Fam. Cact. C. No. 8 (1929), et Bol. Pro-Cult. Reg. 1: No. 13 (Fam. Cact. 7) (1930)
= Opuntia sarca Griffiths ex Scheinvar; Phytologia 49(4): 328 (1981)
= Opuntia spraguei J.G.Ortega; Apuntes Fl. Indig. Sinaloa, Fam. Cact. C. No. 6 (1929), et Bol. Pro-Cult. Reg. 1: No. 13 (Fam. Cact. 6) (1930)
= Opuntia tomentella A.Berger; Monatsschr. Kakteenkd. 22: 147 (1912)
= Opuntia tomentosa var. hernandezii (DC.) Bravo; Cact. Suc. Mex. 20(4): 96 (1975)
= Opuntia tomentosa var. herrerae Scheinvar; Phytologia 49(4): 332 (1981)
= Opuntia tomentosa var. rileyi (J.G.Ortega) Backeb.; Cact.: Handb. Kakteenk. 1: 542 (1958)
= Opuntia tomentosa var. spraguei (J.G.Ortega) Backeb.; Cact.: Handb. Kakteenk. 1: 542 (1958)
= Opuntia velutina var. macdougaliana (Rose) Bravo; Cact. Suc. Mex. 17: 119 (1972)
species :
Opuntia triacanthos (Willd.) Sweet; Hort. Brit. ed. I. 172 (1829)
Name: Jumping cassie, Raquette volante, Suckers, Sucking cassie (Lesser Antilles)
Distribution: USA (Georgia, Florida); Cuba; Puerto Rico; Virgin Isl. (Buck Isl., St. Thomas, St. Croix); St. Martin/St. Maarten; St. Barthélémy; Saba; St. Eustatius; Nevis; St. Kitts; Antigua; Redonda; Montserrat; Guadeloupe (incl. La Désirade, Les Saintes); St. Lucia
78 USA 81 ABA CUB GDL MTS PUE SAB SBA STE STK STL STM VIR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cactus triacanthos Willd.; Enum. Pl. Hort. Berol., Suppl.: 34 (1814)
= Opuntia abjecta Small ex Britton & Rose; Cactaceae 4: 257 (1923)
= Opuntia austrina subsp. abjecta (Small ex Britton & Rose) Guiggi; Cactology 5(Suppl. 8): 16 (2020)
species :
Opuntia tuna (L.) Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. 8.: no. 3 (1768)
Distribution: Jamaica
81 JAM
Synonyms: hidden
= Cactus horridus Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton: 348 (1796), nom. superfl.
= Cactus opuntia var. tuna (L.) DC.; Cat. Pl. Horti Monsp.: 13 (1813)
= Cactus tuna L.; Sp. Pl.: 468 (1753)
= Opuntia gilva A.Berger; Hortus Mortolensis: 233 (1912)
= Opuntia jamaicensis Britton & Harris; Torreya 11: 130 (1911)
species :
Opuntia tunoidea Gibbes; Proc. Elliott Soc. Nat. Hist. Charleston 1: 272 (1858)
Distribution: USA (South Carolina)
78 USA
species :
Opuntia velutina F.A.C.Weber; Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat. Par., 389 (1904)
Distribution: Mexico (Colima, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Zacatecas)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia affinis Griffiths; Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 27: 27 (1914)
= Opuntia atropes Rose; Smithson. Misc. Coll. 50: 518 (1908)
= Opuntia nelsonii Rose; Smithsonian Misc. Collect. 50: 516 (1908)
= Opuntia velutina var. affinis (Griffiths) Bravo; Cact. Suc. Mex. 17: 119 (1972)
species :
Opuntia ventanensis M.A.Long; Haseltonia 18: 79, figs. 1-4 (2012)
Distribution: Argentina (Buenos Aires)
85 ARG
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Opuntia wilcoxii Britton & Rose; Cactaceae. 1: 172 (1919)
Distribution: Mexico (Baja California Sur, Chihuahua, Durango, Guerrero, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Sinaloa, Sonora, Zacatecas)
79 MEX
species :
Opuntia zacuapanensis A.Berger; Hortus Mortolensis: 413 (1912)
Distribution: Mexico (Veracruz)
79 MEX
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Opuntia ×aequatorialis Britton & Rose; Cactaceae 1: 116, 219 (1919)
Distribution: Ecuador
83 ECU
Remarks: Opuntia pubescens x soederstromiana
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia ×bakeri Madsen; Fl. Ecuador 35: 47 (1989)
species :
Opuntia ×alta Griffiths; Rep. (Annual) Missouri Bot. Gard. 21: 165 (1910)
Distribution: USA (along Gulf Coast to S-Louisiana, Rio Grande Valley in Texas); NE-Mexico
79 MEX
Remarks: O. engelmannii var. lindheimeri x O. stricta
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia engelmannii var. alta (Griffiths) D.Weniger; Cacti S. W.: 175 (1970)
species :
Opuntia ×andersonii H.M.Hern., Gómez-Hin. & Bárcenas; Haseltonia 9: 62 (2002 publ. 2003)
Distribution: Mexico (San Luis Potosi, Tamaulipas)
79 MEX
Remarks: O. engelmannii x O. microdasys
species :
Opuntia ×carstenii R.Puente & C.Hamann; Cact. Succ. J. (Los Angeles) 77(5): 231 (2005)
Distribution: Mexico (Coahuila)
79 MEX
Remarks: O. microdasys x O. stenopetala
species :
Opuntia ×charlestonensis Clokey; Madroño 7: 71 (1943)
Distribution: USA (Nevada)
76 USA
Remarks: O. phaeacantha x O. polyacantha var erinacea
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia phaeacantha var. charlestonensis (Clokey) Backeb.; Cact.: Handb. Kakteenk. 1: 508 (1958)
species :
Opuntia ×cochinera Griffiths; Rep. (Annual) Missouri Bot. Gard. 19: 263, pl. 26 (1908)
Distribution: Mexico (Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Veracruz, Zacatecas)
79 MEX
Remarks: O. robusta x O. streptacantha
species :
Opuntia ×coloradensis D.J.Barnett & Donnie Barnett; Cact. Colorado 201 (2016)
Distribution: USA (Colorado)
73 USA
Remarks: O. fragilis x O. polyacantha var. hystricina
species :
Opuntia ×columbiana Griffiths; Bull. Torr. Bot. Cl. 43: 523 (1916)
Distribution: Canada (British Columbia, Washington)
71 CDN 73 USA
Remarks: Opuntia fragilis x polyacantha var. polyacantha
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia erinacea var. columbiana (Griffiths) L.D.Benson; Cact. Succ. J. (Los Angeles) 41: 124 (1969)
species :
Opuntia ×cristalensis Oakley, Font & M.Köhler; Syst. Biodivers. 19(8): 1035 (2021)
Distribution: Argentina (Santa Fe)
85 ARG
species :
Opuntia ×cubensis Britton & Rose; Torreya 12: 14 (1912)
Name: Bull suckers; Guasabara pilotera, Tuna (Dominican Republic), Chardon cardasse, Chat au volant, Piquant couena, Piquant rouge, Piquant sauteur, Raquette espagnole, Raquette pagnole (Haiti)
Distribution: USA (Florida); Cuba; Dominican Republic; Puerto Rico; Virgin Isl. (St. Thomas, St. Croix, Tortola); St. Kitts
78 USA 81 CUB HIS PUE STK VIR
Remarks: Opuntia militaris x Opuntia stricta
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia ochrocentra Small ex Britton & Rose; Cactaceae 4: 262 (1923)
species :
Opuntia ×curvispina Griffiths; Bull. Torr. Bot. Cl. 43: 88 (1916)
Name: Martin´s Prickly Pear
Distribution: USA (S-California: New York Mts., E-San Bernardino Co., S-Nevada, SW-Utah, N-Arizona)
76 USA
Remarks: Opuntia chlorotica x phaeacantha
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia littoralis var. martiniana (L.D.Benson) L.D.Benson; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 52: 270 (1965)
= Opuntia macrocentra var. martiniana L.D.Benson; Cacti Ariz., ed. 2: 64 (1950)
= Opuntia ×martiniana (L.D.Benson) B.D.Parfitt; Syst. Bot. 5(4): 416 (1981)
species :
Opuntia ×cymochila Engelm. & J.M.Bigelow; Pacif. Railr. Rep. Whipple, Bot. 4(5; 3): 42 (1856)
Distribution: USA
Remarks: O. macrorhiza x O. polyacantha
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia mesacantha var. cymochila (Engelm. & J.M.Bigelow) J.M.Coult.; Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 3: 430 (1896)
= Opuntia rafinesquei f. cymochila (Engelm. & J.M.Bigelow) Schelle; Handb. Kakteenkult. 50 (1907)
= Opuntia sanguinocula Griffiths; Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 27: 26 (1914)
= Opuntia tortispina var. cymochila (Engelm. & J.M.Bigelow) Backeb.; Cact.: Handb. Kakteenk. 1: 483 (1958)
species :
Opuntia ×debreczyi Szutorisz; Kaktusz Vilag 26(4): 115-117 (2002)
Distribution: USA (Wyoming, Utah, Colorado, New Mexico, Arizona)
73 USA 76 USA 77 USA
Remarks: O. fragilis x O. polyacantha
species :
Opuntia ×demissa Griffiths; Rep. (Annual) Missouri Bot. Gard. 22: 29 (1911)
Distribution: USA (California)
76 USA
Remarks: O. littoralis x O. oricola
species :
Opuntia ×edwardsii V.E.Grant & K.A.Grant; Bot. Gaz., 140(2): 205 (1979)
Distribution: USA (Texas)
77 USA
Remarks: Opuntia engelmannii x macrorhiza
species :
Opuntia ×lucayana Britton; Bull. N. Y. Bot. Gard. 4: 141 (1906)
Distribution: Bahamas; Virgin Isl. (Buck Isl.)
81 BAH VIR
Remarks: Opuntia dillenii x Opuntia nashii
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia darrahiana F.A.C.Weber; Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat. Par., 388 (1904) (would have priority if verified
species :
Opuntia ×occidentalis Engelm. & J.M.Bigelow; Pacif. Rep. 4: 38 (1856)
Distribution: USA (S-California); Mexico (Baja California Norte)
76 USA 79 MEX
Remarks: O. engelmannii x O. littoralis x O. phaeacantha
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia lindheimeri var. occidentalis (Engelm. & J.M.Bigelow) J.M.Coult.; Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 3: 421 (1896)
species :
Opuntia ×rooneyi M.P.Griff.; Cact. Succ. J. (Los Angeles) 73(6): 307 (2001)
Distribution: USA (Texas)
77 USA
Remarks: O. aureispina x O. macrocentra
species :
Opuntia ×spinosibacca M.S.Anthony; Amer. Midl. Nat. 55: 246 (1956)
Distribution: USA (W-Texas: Big Bend Natl. Park)
77 USA
Remarks: Opuntia aureispina x phaeacantha
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia phaeacantha var. spinosibacca (M.S.Anthony) L.D.Benson; Cact. Succ. J. (Los Angeles) 41: 125 (1969)
species :
Opuntia ×vaseyi (J.M.Coult.) Britton & Rose; Smithson. Misc. Coll. 50: 532 (1908)
Name: Apricot Prickly Pear, Golden Prickly Pear, Sprawling Prickly Pear
Distribution: USA (S-California: west bases of San Gabriel Mts.)
76 USA
Remarks: Opuntia littoralis x phaeacantha
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia humifusa var. vaseyi (J.M.Coult.) A.Heller; Cat. N. Amer. Pl., ed. 2: 8 (1900)
= Opuntia littoralis var. austrocalifornica L.D.Benson & Walk.; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 52: 269 (1965)
= Opuntia littoralis var. vaseyi (J.M.Coult.) L.D.Benson & Walk.; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 52: 268 (1965)
= Opuntia mesacantha var. vaseyi J.M.Coult.; Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 3: 431 (1896)
= Opuntia occidentalis var. vaseyi (J.M.Coult.) Munz; Aliso 4: 94 (1958)
= Opuntia phaeacantha var. covillei (Britton & Rose) Fosberg; Bull. S. Calif. Acad. Sci. 33: 102 (1934)
= Opuntia ×covillei Britton & Rose; Smithsonian Misc. Collect. 50: 532 (1908)
= Opuntia ×covillei var. peircei Munz; Man. S. Calif. Bot.: 327 (1935)
= Opuntia ×magenta Griffiths; Rep. (Annual) Missouri Bot. Gard. 19: 268 (1908)
= Opuntia ×occidentalis var. covillei (Britton & Rose) Parish; Jeps., Man. Fl. Pl. Calif.: 657 (1925)
= Opuntia ×rubiflora Davidson; Bull. S. Calif. Acad. Sci. 15: 33 (1916)
= Opuntia ×rugosa Griffiths; Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 27: 26 (1914)
= Opuntia ×vaseyi var. magenta Parish; Jeps., Man. Fl. Pl. Calif.: 657 (1925)
species :
Opuntia ×wootonii Griffiths; Rep. Missouri Bot. Gard. 21: 171 (1910)
Distribution: USA (New Mexico)
77 USA
Remarks: Opuntia engelmannii x phaeacantha
Synonyms: hidden
= Opuntia engelmannii var. wootonii (Griffiths) Fosberg; Bull. S. Calif. Acad. Sci. 30: 71 (1931)
= Opuntia phaeacantha var. wootonii (Griffiths) L.D.Benson; Cact. Succ. J. (Los Angeles) 41: 125 (1969)
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A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 18.4 (Feb. 11th, 2024)

Covering 354,025 accepted species,
9,095 hybrids, 47,879 accepted infraspecific taxa and 995,101 synonyms,
in total 1,406,100* names

[*about 25,000 dubious, "unplaced" names and about 4,000 invalid names (Art. 24.3) like "typicus" are deliberately omitted]


With complete, detailed distribution data (countries and regions) and literature references

Arranged in linear phylogenetic sequence reflecting true relationships

Fully searchable and continously updated

With 38,290 pictures of 15,532 species

Assembled through 40 years independently from other databases

In cooperation with Catalogue of Life