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Ver. 19.4
June 30th, 2024

144.0000 Family Amaryllidaceae J.St.-Hil.; Expos. Fam. Nat. 1: 134 (1805), nom. cons. (s. l.)
73 genera, ca. 2300 spp.
Species listed in database: 2353; hybrids: 116
= Agapanthaceae F.Voigt; Gesch. Pflanzen-Reichs 2: 440 (1850)
= Alliaceae Borkh.; Bot. Wörterb. 1: 15 (1797), nom. cons.
= Brunsvigiaceae Horan.; Prim. Lin. Syst. Nat.: 51 (1834)
= Cepaceae Salisb.; Gen. Pl.: 88 (1866)
= Crinaceae Vest; Anleit. Stud. Bot.: 267, 283 (1818)
= Cyrtanthaceae Salisb.; Gen. Pl.: 138 (1866)
= Galanthaceae G.Mey.; Chloris Han.: 510, 560 (1836)
= Gethyllidaceae Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 4: 19 (1838)
= Gilliesiaceae Lindl.; Edwards´s Bot. Reg. 12: ad t. 992 (1826)
= Haemanthaceae Salisb.; Gen. Pl.: 129 (1866)
= Leucojaceae Batsch ex Borkh.; Bot. Wörterb. 1: 372 (1797)
= Milulaceae Traub; Pl. Life 28: 131 (1972)
= Narcissaceae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 54 (1789)
= Oporanthaceae Salisb.; Gen. Pl.: 97 (1866)
= Pancratiaceae Horan.; Char. Ess. Fam.: 50 (1847)
= Strumariaceae Salisb.; Gen. Pl.: 126 (1866)
= Tulbaghiaceae Salisb.; Gen. Pl.: 87 (1866)
= Zephyranthaceae Salisb.; Gen. Pl.: 133 (1866)
144.5701 Genus Pancratium L.; Sp. Pl. 1: 290 (1753)
Distribution: Mediterranean, tropical Africa, W- and S-Asia
Species listed in database: 25
= Almyra Salisb.; Gen. Pl.: 108 (1866)
= Bollaea Parl.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 5: 509 (1858)
= Chapmanolirion Dinter; Deut. Südw. Afrik.: 49 (1909)
= Halmyra Herb.; Amaryllidaceae: 202 (1837)
= Mizonia A.Chev.; Mém. Soc. Bot. France 8: 302 (1917)
= Tiaranthus Herb.; Amaryllidaceae: 202 (1837)
= Zouchia Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 4: 22 (1838)
species :
Pancratium arabicum Sickenb.; Mem. Inst. Egypt. 4:290 (1901)
Distribution: Egypt (NW-coastal Egypt); Sinai peninsula (N-Sinai)
20 EGY 34 SIN
species :
Pancratium bhramarambae Sadas.; Species (India) 19: 133 (2018)
Distribution: India (Andhra Pradesh)
40 IND
species :
Pancratium biflorum Roxb.; Fl. Ind., ed. 1832 2: 125 (1832)
Distribution: India (almost throughout); Bangladesh
40 BAN IND
species :
Pancratium canariense Ker Gawl.; Bot. Reg. t. 174 (1817)
Name: Kanaren-Trichternarzisse (DE); Lagrimas de Virgen (ES)
Distribution: Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro, La Palma Isl.)
21 CNY
Synonyms: hidden
= Bollaea canariensis (Ker Gawl.) Parl.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 5: 509 (1858)
= Pancratium teneriffae Willd.; Schult.f. Syst. 7: 925 (1830)
species :
Pancratium centrale (A.Chev.) Traub; Pl. Life 19: 59 (1963)
Distribution: N-Cameroon; Central African Republic; S-Chad; Sudan; W-Ethiopia
23 CAF CMN 24 CHA ETH SUD
Synonyms: hidden
= Mizonia centralis A.Chev.; A.Chev.
species :
Pancratium donaldii Blatt.; J. Proc. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 26: 360 (1930 publ. 1931)
Distribution: India (Maharashtra)
40 IND
species :
Pancratium foetidum Pomel; Nouv. Mat. Fl. Atl. 253 (1874)
Distribution: Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya
20 ALG LBY MOR TUN
Synonyms: hidden
= Pancratium collinum Coss. & Durieu; Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 4, 1: 228 (1854), nom. nud.
= Pancratium foetidum var. brachysiphon Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afr. Nord 27: 262 (1936)
= Pancratium foetidum var. oranense Batt.; Contr. Fl. Atl.: 83 (1919)
= Pancratium foetidum var. rifanum Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afr. Nord 29: 453 (1938)
= Pancratium foetidum var. saldense Batt.; Contr. Fl. Atl.: 83 (1919)
= Pancratium foetidum var. tunetanum Batt.; Contr. Fl. Atl.: 83 (1919)
species :
Pancratium illyricum L.; Sp. Pl. 291 (1753)
Name: Kleine Meeres-Narzisse
Distribution: Corsica; Sardinia; Italy (Isola Capraia)
12 COR SAR 13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Almyra illyrica (L.) Salisb.; Gen. Pl.: 109 (1866), nom. inval.
= Almyra stellaris (Salisb.) Salisb.; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 1: 336 (1812)
= Halmyra stellaris Parl.; Nuov. Gen. Sp. Monocot.: 28 (1854)
= Pancratium stellare Salisb.; Trans. Linn. Soc. London 2: 74 (1794)
= Zouchia illyrica (L.) Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 4: 22 (1836)
species :
Pancratium landesii Traub; Pl. Life 24: 50 (1968)
Distribution: Oman (Mascat & Oman)
35 OMA
Remarks: status unclear
species :
Pancratium linosae Soldano & F.Conti; Annot. Checkl. Italian Vasc. Fl. 20 (2005)
Distribution: Pantelleria; Isole Pelagie (Linosa)
13 PEL PTL
Synonyms: hidden
= Pancratium angustifolium Lojac.; Fl. Sic. 3: 82 (1909), non Roem.
species :
Pancratium longiflorum Buch.-Ham. ex Roxb.; Hort. Beng. 23; Fl. Ind. II. 125 (1832)
Distribution: India (Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu)
40 IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Pancratium cambayense Herb.; Amaryllidaceae: 202 (1837)
species :
Pancratium maritimum L.; Sp. Pl. 291 (1753)
Name: Dünen-Trichternarzisse (DE); Sea Daffodil (EN); Lirio de mar (ES)
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Albania; Bulgaria; Greece; Crete; European Turkey; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt (NW-coastal Egypt); Azores [I] (Faial [I]); Canary Isl. (Fuerteventura, Lanzarote); Georgia [Caucasus] (Abkhazia, Adzharia); East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Lebanon (coastal W-Lebanon); Israel (coastal W-Israel); Sinai peninsula (N-Sinai); USA [I] (California [I])
12 BAL COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KRI MNT PEL SIC TUE 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 21 azo CNY 33 GEO 34 CYP EAI ISR LEB SIN TUR 76 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Hymenocallis caroliniana (L.) Herb.; Appendix: 44 (1821)
= Hymenocallis lacera Salisb.; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 1: 338 (1812), nom. illeg.
= Hymenocallis maritima (L.) M.Roem.; Fam. Nat. Syn. Monogr. 4: 176 (1847)
= Hymenocallis ruizii M.Roem.; Fam. Nat. Syn. Monogr. 4: 177 (1847)
= Pancratium abchasicum Regel; Cat. Pl. Hort. Aksakov.: 101 (1860)
= Pancratium aegyptiacum M.Roem.; Fam. Nat. Syn. Monogr. 4: 180 (1847)
= Pancratium angustifolium M.Roem.; Fam. Nat. Syn. Monogr. 4: 178 (1847)
= Pancratium barcinonense Sennen; Mem. Real Acad. Ci. Barcelona, III, 20(14): 9 (1928)
= Pancratium carolinianum L.; Sp. Pl.: 291 (1753)
= Pancratium maritimum f. barcinonense Sennen; Exsicc. (Pl. Esp.) 1925: no. 5431 (1926)
= Pancratium maritimum var. aureum Pynaert; Nursery Cat. (Éd. Pynaert - Van Geert) 1893-1894: 14 (1893)
= Pancratium mirennae Mattei; Malpighia 31: 148 (1928)
= Scilla parva Garsault; Fig. Pl. Anim. Med. I. 528 (1764)
species :
Pancratium maximum Forssk.; Fl. Aeg.-Arab. 72 (1775)
Distribution: NE-Sudan; Saudi Arabia (Hejaz, Asir); Yemen (SW-Yemen, W-Yemen)
24 SUD 35 SAU YEM
Remarks: possible synonym of P. trianthum
Synonyms: hidden
= Mizonia maxima (Forssk.) A.Chev.; Rev. Int. Bot. Appl. Agric. Trop. 30: 626 (1950)
species :
Pancratium nairii Sasikala & Reema Kumari; Indian J. Forest. 36(4): 543 (2013)
Distribution: India (Kerala)
40 IND
species :
Pancratium parvicoronatum Geerinck; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nation. Belg. 42(3): 295 (1972)
Distribution: SE-D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Malawi
23 ZAI 26 MLW
species :
Pancratium parvum Dalzell; Hooker´s J. Bot. Kew Gard. Misc. 2: 144 (1840)
Distribution: India (Karnataka, Maharashtra)
40 IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Pancratium parvum Dalzell ex E.Barnes & C.E.C.Fisch.; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1939: 660 (1939 publ. 1940), descr. ampl.
= Pancratium parvum subsp. malabaricum (Baker) Traub; Pl. Life 23: 65 (1967)
= Pancratium parvum var. malabaricum Baker; Amaryllidaceae: 119 (1888)
species :
Pancratium sanctae-mariae Blatt. & Hallb.; J. Indian Bot. 2: 52 (1921)
Distribution: India (Maharashtra)
40 IND
species :
Pancratium sickenbergeri Asch. & Schweinf. ex C. & Barbey; Herb. Levant 158 (1882)
Distribution: Egypt (Eastern Desert, Great Southwestern Desert, NE-Egypt); Israel (C-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Negev Desert); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, N-Sinai, S-Sinai); Jordania (S-Jordania); Saudi Arabia (Hejaz, Asir)
20 EGY 34 ISR JOR SIN 35 SAU
Synonyms: hidden
= Pancratium sickenbergeri var. desertorum Sickenb.; Mém. Inst. Égypt. 4: 292 (1901)
= Pancratium sickenbergeri var. littorale Sickenb.; Mém. Inst. Égypt. 4: 292 (1901)
species :
Pancratium telanganense Sadas.; Species (India) 19: 136 (2018)
Distribution: India (Andhra Pradesh)
40 IND
species :
Pancratium tenuifolium Hochst. ex A.Rich.; Tent. Fl. Abyss. 2: 312 (1850)
Distribution: Senegal; Guinea-Bissau; Guinea; Sierra Leone; Mali; Burkina Faso; Ivory Coast; Ghana; Togo; Benin; Nigeria; Cameroon; Central African Republic; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Chad; Sudan; South Sudan; Ethiopia; Eritrea; Djibouti; Somalia; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; Zambia; Zimbabwe; Mozambique; Namibia; Botswana; South Africa (Limpopo, N-Cape Prov.)
22 BEN BKN GHA GNB GUI IVO MLI NGA SEN SIE TOG 23 CAF CMN ZAI 24 CHA DJI ERI ETH SOM SSU SUD 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 MOZ ZAM ZIM 27 BOT NAM SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Chapmanolirion juttae Dinter; Deut. Südw. Afrik.: 49 (1909)
= Pancratium chapmannii Harv.; Gen. S. Afr. Pl. ed. II. 384 (1868)
= Pancratium hirtum A.Chev.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 55: Mem. VIII. 88 (1908)
species :
Pancratium tortuosum Herb.; Ann. Nat. Hist. ser. 1, 4: 28 (1840)
Distribution: Egypt (SE-Egypt); Sudan; Eritrea; Saudi Arabia (Hejaz, Asir); Oman (Dhofar); Yemen (SW-Yemen)
20 EGY 24 ERI SUD 35 OMA SAU YEM
Synonyms: hidden
= Pancratium tortifolium Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 1, 8: 18 (1849)
species :
Pancratium trianthum Herb.; Ann. Nat. Hist. ser. 1, 4: 28 (1840)
Distribution: Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Senegal; Gambia; Sierra Leone; Mali; Burkina Faso; Ivory Coast; Ghana; Benin; Niger; Nigeria; Cameroon; Central African Republic; Chad; Sudan; South Sudan; Djibouti; Yemen (W-Yemen, Aden Desert)
20 ALG LBY MOR TUN 22 BEN BKN GAM GHA IVO MLI NGA NGR SEN SIE 23 CAF CMN 24 CHA DJI SSU SUD 35 YEM
Synonyms: hidden
= Pancratium saharae Coss. ex Batt. & Trab.; Fl. de l´Algerie Monoc. 46 (1895)
= Pancratium saharae var. chatinianum Batt.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 39: 338 (1892)
= Pancratium trianthum var. chatinianum (Batt.) Maire & Weiller; Fl. Afrique N. 6: 41 (1959)
= Pancratium trianthum var. saharae (Coss. ex Batt. & Trab.) Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afr. Nord 28: 381 (1937)
species :
Pancratium triflorum Roxb.; Hort. Beng. 23; Fl. Ind. 2: 126 (1832)
Distribution: India (Goa, Gujarat, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal); Bangladesh
40 BAN IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Pancratium malabathricum Herb.; Amaryllidaceae: 202 (1837)
species :
Pancratium verecundum Aiton; Hort. Kew. 1: 412 (1789)
Distribution: China (Hongkong); N-India (Karnataka, Punjab, Sikkim, West Bengal); Sri Lanka; Laos; Java
36 CHI 40 IND SRL 41 LAO 42 JAW
species :
Pancratium zeylanicum L.; Sp. Pl. 290 (1753)
Distribution: India (almost throughout); Lakshadweep Isl. [Laccadives]; Maldives; Sri Lanka; Bangladesh; Andaman Isl.; Nicobar Isl.; Borneo; Sulawesi (incl. Gorontalo Isl.); Palawan [I]; Philippines [I]; Java; Moluccas (Ambon)
40 BAN IND LDV MDV SRL 41 AND NCB 42 BOR JAW MOL phi plw SUL
Synonyms: hidden
= Pancratium tiariflorum Salisb.; Parad. Lond. I. 86 (1808)
= Pancratium uniflorum Stokes; Bot. Mat. Med. 2: 213 (1812)
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A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 19.4 (June 30th, 2024)

Covering 355,230 accepted species,
8,675 hybrids, 47,796 accepted infraspecific taxa and 997,888 synonyms,
in total 1,409,589* names

[*about 25,000 dubious, "unplaced" names and about 4,000 invalid names (Art. 24.3) like "typicus" are deliberately omitted]


With complete, detailed distribution data (countries and regions) and literature references

Arranged in linear phylogenetic sequence reflecting true relationships

Fully searchable and continously updated

With 38,209 pictures of 15,787 species

Assembled through 40 years independently from other databases

In cooperation with Catalogue of Life