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Ver. 18.4
Feb. 11th, 2024

523.0000 Family Apiaceae Lindl.; Nat. Syst. Bot., ed. 2: 21 (1836), nom. cons., nom. alt.
ca. 460 - 480 genera, ca. 3900 spp. Phylogeny still partially incomplete, taken from recent partial revisions (Downie et al. etc.), and Clarkson et al. (2021) who do cover only 290 genera. Genus circumscriptions mostly following Kubitzki (ed., 2018).
Species listed in database: 3846; hybrids: 18
= Actinotaceae Konstant. & Melikyan; Bot. Zhurn (Moscow & Leningrad) 90: 1763 (2005)
= Ammiaceae Bercht. & C.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 259 (1820)
= Angelicaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 29 (1820)
= Bupleuraceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 258 (1820)
= Caucalidaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 259 (1820)
= Coriandraceae Burnett; Outlines Bot.: 773, 783, 1093, 1128 (1835)
= Daucaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 183 (1820)
= Eryngiaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 259 (1820)
= Ferulaceae Sacc.; Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 4: 214 (1872)
= Imperatoriaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 328 (1820)
= Lagoeciaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 259 (1820)
= Mackinlayaceae Doweld; Tent. Syst. Pl. Vasc.: lii (2001)
= Pastinacaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 457 (1820)
= Pimpinellaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 258 (1820)
= Saniculaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 259 (1820)
= Scandicaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 259 (1820)
= Selinaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 259 (1820)
= Sileraceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 259 (1820)
= Smyrniaceae Burnett; Outlines Bot.: 773, 1093, 1128 (1835)
= Umbelliferae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 218 (1789), nom. cons.
523.9306 Genus Petroselinum Hill; Brit. Herb. 424 (1756)
Distribution: SW- and S-Europe
Species listed in database: 1
= Anisactis Dulac; Fl. Hautes-Pyr. 347 (1867)
= Wydleria DC.; Coll. Mem. 5: 36. t. 7 (1829), Prod. 4: 103 (1830)
species :
Petroselinum crispum (Mill.) Fuss; Fl. Transsilv. 254 (1866)
subspecies :
subsp. crispum
Name: Garten-Petersilie (DE); Perejil (ES); Parsley (EN)
Distribution: England [c]; Ireland [c]; Denmark [c]; Norway [c]; Sweden [c]; Belgium [c]; Germany [c]; Switzerland [c]; Austria [c]; Poland [c]; Slovakia [c]; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; Andorra; Gibraltar; Baleares; France; Channel Isl. [c]; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Malta; San Marino [c]; Croatia; Romania; Bulgaria; Greece [c]; Crete [c]; Estonia [c]; Latvia [c]; Lithuania [c]; European Russia [I]; Ukraine [I]; Crimea; Morocco [c]; Algeria [c]; Tunisia [c]; Libya [c]; Egypt [c]; Azores (Sao Miguel Isl., Terceira, Graciosa, Sao Jorge, Pico, Flores Isl., Corvo Isl.); Madeira [I] (Madeira Isl. [I], Porto Santo Isl. [I]); Canary Isl. [I] (Lanzarote [I], Fuerteventura [I], Gran Canaria [I], Tenerife [I], La Gomera [I], Hierro [I], La Palma Isl. [I]); Cape Verde Isl. [I] (Sao Vicente Isl. [I]); Benin [I]; Cameroon [I]; São Tomé [I]; Mozambique [I]; South Africa [I] (W-Cape Prov. [I]); St. Helena [I]; Mauritius [I]; La Réunion [I]; Agalega Isl. [c]; Kazakhstan [I]; Turkmenistan [I]; Uzbekistan [I]; Tajikistan [I]; Georgia [Caucasus] [c]; Armenia [c]; Afghanistan [I]; Mongolia [c]; Taiwan [I]; Pakistan [I]; Myanmar [I]; Laos [I]; Vietnam [I]; Philippines [c]; Java [I]; Australia [I] (South Australia [I]); New Zealand [I]; Chatham Isl. [I]; Rotuma Isl. [I]; Niue [I]; Fiji [I]; Gilbert Isl. [I]; Society Isl. [I] (Tahiti [I]); Guam [I]; Marshall Isl. [I] (Kwajalein [I]); Hawaii [I] (Kauai [I], Oahu [I], Maui [I], Hawaii Isl. [I]); Canada [I] (Newfoundland [I], Ontario [I]); USA [I] (Arkansas [I], California [I], Connecticut [I], Florida [I], Georgia [I], Iowa [I], Idaho [I], Kansas [I], Louisiana [I], Massachusetts [I], Maryland [I], Michigan [I], Mississippi [I], Montana [I], North Carolina [I], Nevada [I], New York [I], Ohio [I], Pennsylvania [I], Rhode Island [I], South Carolina [I], Texas [I], Utah [I], Washington State [I]); Mexico [I]; Guatemala [I]; Belize [I]; El Salvador [I]; Honduras [I]; Costa Rica [I]; Dominican Republic [I]; Haiti [I]; Puerto Rico [I]; Virgin Isl. [I]; Trinidad & Tobago [I]; Colombia [I]; Ecuador [I]; Galapagos [I]; Peru [I]; Bolivia [I]; Argentina [I]; Chile [I] (Valparaíso [I]); Juan Fdz. Isl. [I]
10 den grb ire nor swe 11 aut bgm ger HUN pol slo swi 12 ADO BAL cis COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 BUL CRO grc ITA kri MLT ROM SIC sma 14 est KRY lat lit rus ukr 20 alg egy lby mor tun 21 AZO cny cvi mdr 22 ben 23 cmn sao 26 moz 27 saf 28 sth 29 aga mau reu 32 kaz tkm tzk uzb 33 arm geo 34 afg 37 mon 38 tai 40 pak 41 lao mya vie 42 jaw phi 50 aus 51 ctm nzl 60 fij gil nue rot 61 sci 62 gum mrs 63 haw 72 cdn 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa 79 mex 80 blz cos els gua hon 81 his pue trt vir 82 clm 83 bol ecu gal per 85 arg cle jnf
Remarks: native area unclear, in most of its distribution area probably only escaped from cultivation
Synonyms: hidden
= Ammi petroselinoides C.Presl ex DC.; Prodr. 4: 102 (1830)
= Apium crispum Mill.; Gard. Dict. (ed. 8) 2 (1768)
= Apium laetum Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 169 (1796)
= Apium latifolium Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. VIII. n. 3 (1768)
= Apium latifolium Poir.; Lam., Encycl., Suppl. 4: 369 (1816), nom. illeg.
= Apium occidentale Calest.; Webbia 1: 175 (1905)
= Apium petroselinum L.; Sp. Pl. 1: 264 (1753)
= Apium petroselinum var. angustifolium Hayne; Getreue Darstell. Gew. 7: t. 23 (1821)
= Apium petroselinum var. crispum (Mill.) Hoffm.; 6 (1814)
= Apium petroselinum var. latifolium (Mill.) Hoffm.; 6 (1814)
= Apium petroselinum var. tuberosum Fisch.; 45 (1812), nom. inval.
= Apium petroselinum var. tuberosum Fisch. ex Hoffm.; 6 (1814), nom. inval.
= Apium petroselinum var. variegatum Nois.; Jard. Fruit.: ? (1821)
= Apium petroselinum var. vulgare Nois.; Jard. Fruit.: ? (1821)
= Apium romanum Zuccagni; Cent. Observ. Bot. [p. 23] No. 57 (1806)
= Apium tuberosum Steud.; Nom. ed. I. 59 (1821)
= Apium vulgare Lam.; Fl. Franç. 3: 444 (1779), nom. illeg.
= Bupleurum petroselinoides Spreng.; Pl. Umbell. Prodr.: 39 (1813)
= Carum petroselinum (L.) Benth. & Hook.f.; Gen. Pl. 1: 891 (1867)
= Carum petroselinum var. crispum (Mill.) Beck; Fl. Nieder-Österreich 621 (1892)
= Carum vulgare Druce; Rep. Bot. Exch. Cl. Brit. Isles, 1913. 3: 439 (1914)
= Cnidium petroselinum (L.) DC.; Prod. 4: 152 (1830)
= Helosciadium oppositifolium (Kit. ex Schult.) G.Reuss; Kvetena Slov.: 176 (1853)
= Ligusticum peregrinum L.; Sp. Pl. ed. 2, 360 (1762)
= Petroselinum anatolicum Freyn & Sint.; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 44: 99 (1894)
= Petroselinum crispum (Mill.) A.W.Hill; Hand-List Herb. Pl. Roy. Bot. Gard., Kew, ed. 3, 122 (1925), isonym
= Petroselinum crispum (Mill.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 309 (1882), isonym
= Petroselinum crispum f. angustifolium (Hayne) Danert; Kulturpflanze, Beih. 2: 321 (1959)
= Petroselinum crispum f. breve (Alef.) Danert; Kulturpflanze, Beih. 2: 322 (1959)
= Petroselinum crispum f. hispanicum (Alef.) Danert; Kulturpflanze, Beih. 2: 322 (1959)
= Petroselinum crispum f. radicosum (Alef.) Danert; Kulturpflanze, Beih. 2: 322 (1959)
= Petroselinum crispum f. tenuisectum (Danert) Danert; Kulturpflanze, Beih. 2: 322 (1959)
= Petroselinum crispum f. variegatum (Nois.) Danert; Kulturpflanze, Beih. 2: 321 (1959)
= Petroselinum crispum f. vulgare (Nois.) Danert; Kulturpflanze, Beih. 2: 321 (1959)
= Petroselinum crispum subsp. radicosum (Alef.) Á.Löve & D.Löve; 54 (1961)
= Petroselinum crispum subsp. tuberosum (Bernh. ex Rchb.) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 18(1-2): 177 (1973)
= Petroselinum crispum subsp. tuberosum (Bernh.) Rothm.; 7 (1963)
= Petroselinum crispum var. angustifolium (Hayne) H.Hara; Bot. Mag. Tokyo) (61(715-716): 3 (1948)
= Petroselinum crispum var. angustifolium (Hayne) Reduron; Bull. Soc. Bot. Centre-Ouest, num. spec. 28 (Ombellif. France) 1: 55 (2008)
= Petroselinum crispum var. erfurtense Danert; Kulturpflanze, Beih. 2: 322 (1959), no type indicated.
= Petroselinum crispum var. japonicum (Thunb.) H.Hara; Bot. Mag. Tokyo) (61(715-716): 3 (1948)
= Petroselinum crispum var. neapolitanum Danert; Kulturpflanze, Beih. 2: 322 (1959), no type indicated.
= Petroselinum crispum var. petroselinum (L.) Reduron; Bull. Soc. Bot. Centre-Ouest, num. spec. 28 (Ombellif. France) (2008)
= Petroselinum crispum var. radicosum (Alef.) Danert; Kulturpflanze, Beih. 2: 322 (1959)
= Petroselinum fractophyllum Lag. ex Sweet; Hort. Brit., ed. 2: 245 (1830), nom. nud.
= Petroselinum hortense f. breve (Alef.) Thell.; 1158 (1926)
= Petroselinum hortense f. hispanicum (Alef.) Thell.; 1158 (1926)
= Petroselinum hortense f. longum (Alef.) Thell.; 1158 (1926)
= Petroselinum hortense f. silvestre (Alef.) Thell.; 1157 (1926)
= Petroselinum hortense f. tenuisectum Danert; Hegi, Ill. Fl. Mitt.-Eur. 5: 1157 (1926)
= Petroselinum hortense f. variegatum (Nois.) Thell.; 1158 (1926)
= Petroselinum hortense f. vulgare (Nois.) Thell.; 1157 (1926)
= Petroselinum hortense Hoffm.; Gen. Pl. Umbell. 163 (-164
= Petroselinum hortense var. crispum (Mill.) L.H.Bailey; Man. Cult. Pl.: 564 (1924), nom. superfl.
= Petroselinum hortense var. foliosum (Alef.) Thell.; 1157 (1926)
= Petroselinum hortense var. tuberosum (Bernh.) Thell.; 1158 (1926)
= Petroselinum peregrinum (L.) Lag.; Amen. Nat. 2: 100, 103 (1821)
= Petroselinum petroselinum (L.) H.Karst.; Ill. Repert. Pharm.-Med. Bot.: 831 (1886), nom. inval.
= Petroselinum romanum (Zuccagni) Sweet; Hort. Brit. ed. 2, 245 (1830)
= Petroselinum sativum convar. foliosum Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 152 (1866)
= Petroselinum sativum convar. radicosum Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 153 (1866)
= Petroselinum sativum f. crispum (Mill.) Ahlfv.; Neuman, 229 (1901)
= Petroselinum sativum Hoffm.; Gen. Pl. Umbell. 177 (1814), nom. inval. nom. nud.
= Petroselinum sativum Hoffm. ex Gaudin; Fl. Helv. 2: 423 (1828), nom. superfl.
= Petroselinum sativum subsp. crispum (Mill.) Schübl. & G.Martens; Fl. Würtemberg 192 (1834)
= Petroselinum sativum subsp. tuberosum (Bernh.) Schübl. & G.Martens; Fl. Würtemberg: 191 (1834)
= Petroselinum sativum var. breve Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 153 (1866)
= Petroselinum sativum var. crispum (Mill.) Gaudin; Fl. Helv. 2: 423 (1828), nom. superfl.
= Petroselinum sativum var. crispum (Mill.) Rchb.; 473 (1832), nom. illeg.
= Petroselinum sativum var. heterophyllum Rchb.; 473 (1832)
= Petroselinum sativum var. hispanicum Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 152 (1866)
= Petroselinum sativum var. latifolium (Mill.) Gaudin; Fl. Helv. 2: 423 (1828), nom. superfl.
= Petroselinum sativum var. longum Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 153 (1866)
= Petroselinum sativum var. silvestre Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 152 (1866)
= Petroselinum sativum var. variegatum (Nois.) Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 153 (1866)
= Petroselinum sativum var. vulgare (Nois.) Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 152 (1866)
= Petroselinum selinoides DC.; Prodr. 4: 102 (1830)
= Petroselinum thoermeri Weinm.; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 10(II): 60 (1837)
= Petroselinum tuberosum Bernh. ex Rchb.; Fl. Germ. Excurs. 2: 473 (1832)
= Petroselinum vulgare Hill; Brit. Herb.: 424 (1756), opus utique oppr.
= Petroselinum vulgare Lag.; Amen. Nat. Españ. 2: 103 (1821), nom. superfl.
= Petroselinum vulgare var. crispum (Mill.) Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 524 (1821 publ. 1822)
= Petroselinum vulgare var. latifolium Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 524 (1821 publ. 1822)
= Peucedanum intermedium Simonk.; Enum. Fl. Transsilv. 265 (1886)
= Peucedanum petroselinum (L.) Desf.; Tabl. École Bot., ed. 2: 272 (1815)
= Selinum petroselinum (L.) E.H.L.Krause; Sturm, Deutschl. Fl. ed. 2, 12: 41 (1904)
= Sison peregrinum (L.) Spreng.; Schult. Syst. 6: 409 (1820)
= Sium oppositifolium Kit. ex Schult.; Oestr. Fl., ed. 2, 1: 495 (1814)
= Sium petroselinum Vest; Man. Bot.: 517 (1805)
= Wydleria portoricensis DC.; Coll. Mem. 5: 36. t. 7 (1829)
subspecies :
subsp. giganteum (Pau) Dobignard; J. Bot. Soc. Bot. France 46-47: 48 (2009)
Distribution: Morocco; ?Algeria
20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Danaa gigantea Pau; Mem. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 12: 330 (1924)
= Petroselinum crispum var. giganteum (Pau) Maire; Jahand. et al., Cat. Pl. Maroc 4: 1085 (1941)
= Petroselinum crispum var. gracillimum Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 30: 344 (1939)
= Petroselinum hortense var. giganteum (Pau) Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 22: 49 (1931)
= Petroselinum sativum var. giganteum (Pau) Font Quer; Exsicc. (Iter Marocc.) 1930: no. 480 (1932)
= Physospermum giganteum (Pau) M.Hiroe; Umbellif. of World: 875(1979)
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A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 18.4 (Feb. 11th, 2024)

Covering 354,025 accepted species,
9,095 hybrids, 47,879 accepted infraspecific taxa and 995,101 synonyms,
in total 1,406,100* names

[*about 25,000 dubious, "unplaced" names and about 4,000 invalid names (Art. 24.3) like "typicus" are deliberately omitted]


With complete, detailed distribution data (countries and regions) and literature references

Arranged in linear phylogenetic sequence reflecting true relationships

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With 38,290 pictures of 15,532 species

Assembled through 40 years independently from other databases

In cooperation with Catalogue of Life