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Ver. 18.4
Feb. 11th, 2024

168.0000 Family Poaceae Barnhart; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 22: 7 (1895), nom. cons., nom. alt.
ca. 800 genera, ca. 12.000 spp. worldwide. Systematics following Soreng et al. (2017) and Soreng et al. (2022)
Species listed in database: 12061; hybrids: 384
= Aegilopaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 221 (1820)
= Agrostidaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 264 (1820)
= Alopecuraceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 19 (1820)
= Andropogonaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 28 (1820)
= Anomochloaceae Nakai; Chosakuronbun Mokuroku [Ord. Fam. Trib. Nov.]: 222 (1943)
= Anthoxanthaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 271 (1827)
= Arundinaceae Döll; Rhein. Fl.: 60 (1843)
= Arundinellaceae Herter; Revista Sudamer. Bot. 6: 136 (1940)
= Asperellaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 106, 270 (1827)
= Avenaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 60. 31 (1820)
= Bambusaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 265 (1820)
= Bromaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 264 (1820)
= Cenchraceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 9, 268 (1827)
= Chaeturaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 106, 269 (1827)
= Chloridaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 265 (1820)
= Chondrosaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 269 (1827)
= Coleanthaceae Pfeiff.; Nomencl. Bot. 1(2): 818. ante (1873)
= Cynodontaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 51, 269 (1827)
= Cynosuraceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 271, 272 (1827)
= Echinariaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 271 (1827)
= Ehrhartaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 271 (1827)
= Eragrostidaceae Herter; Revista Sudamer. Bot. 6: 145 (1940)
= Festucaceae Spreng.; J. Sadler, Fl. Comit. Pest. 1: 28 (1825)
= Glyceriaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 271 (1827)
= Gramineae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 28 (1789), nom. cons.
= Holcaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 2: 252 (1833)
= Hordeaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 265 (1820)
= Laguraceae Link; Hort. Berol. 2: 250 (1833)
= Lepturaceae Herter; Revista Sudamer. Bot. 6: 147 (1940)
= Loliaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 6, 267 (1827)
= Melicaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 390 (1820)
= Miliaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 91, 270 (1827)
= Nardaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 413 (1820)
= Olyraceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 265 (1820)
= Ophiuraceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 3, 268 (1827)
= Oryzaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 265 (1820)
= Panicaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 264 (1820)
= Pappophoraceae Herter; Revista Sudamer. Bot. 6: 145 (1940)
= Parianaceae Nakai; Chosakuronbun Mokuroku [Ord. Fam. Trib. Nov.]: 222 (1943)
= Paspalaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 47, 269 (1827)
= Phalaridaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 2: 250 (1833)
= Pharaceae Herter; Revista Sudamer. Bot. 6: 139 (1940)
= Phleaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 269 (1827)
= Saccharaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 265 (1820)
= Sesleriaceae Döll; Rhein. Fl.: 60 (1843)
= Spartinaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 46, 268 (1827)
= Stipaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 264 (1820)
= Streptochaetaceae Nakai; Chosakuronbun Mokuroku [Ord. Fam. Trib. Nov.]: 222 (1943)
= Triticaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 22, 268 (1827)
= Zeaceae A.J.Kern.; Pflanzenleben 2: 651 (1891)
= Zoysiaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 8, 268 (1827)
168.4721 Genus Phalaris L.; Sp. Pl. 1: 54-55 (1753)
Distribution: Southeast Europe, Mediterranean, mountains of tropical Africa and South Africa, W-(incl. Caucasus) and Middle Asia. Re-inclusion of Phalaroides fide Voshell et al. (2011)
Species listed in database: 17; hybrids: 1
= Baldingera G.Gaertn., B.Mey. & Scherb.; Oekon. Fl. Wetterau 1: 43 (1799), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Digraphis Trin.; Fund. Agrost.: 127 (1820), nom. illeg.
= Endallex Raf.; Bull. Bot. (Geneva) 1: 220 (1830), nom. illeg.
= Phalaridantha St.-Lag.; Cariot, Etud. des fl. ed. 8, 2: 900 (1889)
= Phalaroides Wolf; Gen. Pl. 11 (1776)
= Typhoides Moench; Methodus 201 (1794)
species :
Phalaris amethystina Trin.; Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg, Sér. 6, Sci. Math., Seconde Pt. Sci. Nat. 5(2, Bot.): 56 (1839)
Distribution: Chile (Coquimbo, Valparaíso, Metropolitana de Santiago, O´Higgins, Maule, Ñuble, Biobío, Araucanía, Los Lagos); Juan Fdz. Isl. [I]
85 CLE jnf
Synonyms: hidden
= Phalaridantha robinsoniana (Nees ex Steud.) St.-Lag.; Cariot, Étude Fl., éd. 8. 2: 900 (1889)
= Phalaris berteroniana Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 11 (1853)
= Phalaris colchaguensis Phil.; Linnaea 33(3-4): 287 (1864)
= Phalaris robinsoniana Nees ex Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 11 (1853)
species :
Phalaris angusta Nees ex Trin.; Sp. Gram. 1: pl. 78 (1827)
Name: Timothy canarygrass
Distribution: Germany [I]; South Africa [I] (Mpulamanga [I], KwaZulu-Natal [I], Cape Prov. [I]); Mauritius [I]; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I]); New Zealand [I]; USA (California, S-Arizona, SW-New Mexico, Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, Florida); Colombia; Ecuador; Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz); SE-Brazil (São Paulo); S-Brazil (Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina); Paraguay (Pres. Hayes); Uruguay (Maldonado); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Chaco, Chubut, Cordoba, Corrientes, Argentina Distrito Federal, Entre Rios, Jujuy, La Pampa, Misiones, Rio Negro, Santiago del Estero, Santa Fe, Tucuman); Chile (Valparaíso, Maule, Ñuble, Biobío, Araucanía, Los Rios, Los Lagos); Juan Fdz. Isl. [I]
11 ger 27 saf 29 mau 50 aus 51 nzl 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 82 CLM 83 BOL ECU 84 BRA 85 ARG CLE jnf PAR URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Phalaris angusta f. macra Hack. ex Jansen & Wacht.; Ned. Kruidk. Arch., ser. 3, 6: 139 (1917)
= Phalaris chilensis J.Presl; C. Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 1: 245 (1830)
= Phalaris intermedia var. angusta (Nees ex Trin.) Chapm.; Fl. South. U. S. 569 (1860)
= Phalaris laxa Spreng. ex Steud.; Nomencl. Bot (ed. 2) 2: 315 (1841) [nom. inval.]
= Phalaris ludoviciana Torr. ex Trin.; Mem. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.-Petersbourg, Ser. 6, Sci. Math., Seconde Pt. Sci. Nat. 3(1): 56 (1839) [nom. inval.]
= Phalaris segetalis Steud.; Lechl., Berberid. Amer. Austral.: 52 (1857), nom. nud.
species :
Phalaris aquatica L.; Cent. Pl. 1: 4 (1755)
Name: Knollen-Glanzgras (DE); Bulbous Canarygrass (EN); Alpiste de agua (ES)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Portugal; Spain; Baleares; France; Channel Isl. [I]; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); San Marino; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; ?Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Azores [I] (Sao Jorge [I]); Madeira [I] (Madeira Isl. [I], Ilhas Desertas [I], Porto Santo Isl. [I]); Canary Isl. (Gran Canaria, Tenerife, Hierro, La Palma Isl.); South Africa [I] (widespread); Northern Caucasus; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq); Cyprus (N-Cyprus); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (Jazira, NW-Syria, Jbel Druze, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, N-Negev Desert); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); China [I] (Yunnan); India [I] (Tamil Nadu [I]); Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); Lord Howe Isl. [I]; New Zealand [I]; Hawaii [I] (East Maui [I], Hawaii Isl. [I]); USA [I] (Arizona [I], California [I], District of Columbia [I], Mississippi [I], Montana [I], North Carolina [I], Oregon [I], South Carolina [I], Texas [I], Virginia [I]); Mexico [I]; Colombia [I]; Venezuela [I]; Ecuador [I]; Peru [I]; Bolivia [I]; Brazil [I]; Uruguay [I]; Argentina [I]; Chile [I] (Arica y Parinacota [I], Coquimbo [I], Valparaíso [I], Metropolitana de Santiago [I], O´Higgins [I], Maule [I], Ñuble [I], Biobío [I], Araucanía [I], Magallanes [I]); Tristan da Cunha [I]
11 ger 12 BAL cis COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MNT NMA PEL SIC SMA TUE 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN 21 azo CNY mdr 27 saf 33 AZE NCS 34 CYP EAI IRQ ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR 36 chi 40 ind 50 aus lhi 51 nzl 63 haw 73 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa 79 mex 82 clm ven 83 bol ecu per 84 bra 85 arg cle uru 91 tdc
Synonyms: hidden
= Phalaris altissima Menezes; Cat. Phanerog. Madeira Porto Santo: 58 (1894)
= Phalaris aquatica var. major Willk.; Suppl. Prodr. Fl. Hispan.: 9 (1893)
= Phalaris aquatica var. stenoptera (Hack.) Burkart; Fl. Il. Entre Rios 2: 115 (1969)
= Phalaris arundinacea subsp. bulbosa Paunero; Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 8: 489 (1948)
= Phalaris bulbosa Ten.; Fl. Napol. 3: 60 (1824), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Phalaris bulbosa var. alata (Batt. & Trab.) Maire & Weiller; Fl. Afrique N. 2: 18 (1953)
= Phalaris bulbosa var. clausonis (Maire & Trab.) Maire & Weiller; Fl. Afrique N. 2: 18 (1953)
= Phalaris caespitosa Thouars; Esquisse Fl. Tristan d´Acugna: 37 (1808)
= Phalaris nodosa L.; Murray (ed.), Syst. Veg. ed. 13. 2: 88 (1774), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Phalaris nodosa var. minor Lojac.; Fl. Sicul. 3: 251 (1909)
= Phalaris stenoptera Hack.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 5: 333 (1908)
= Phalaris tuberosa L.; Mant. Pl. 557 (1771)
= Phalaris tuberosa var. alata Trab.; Batt. & Trab., Fl. Algérie, Monocot.: 140 (1895)
= Phalaris tuberosa var. clausonis Maire & Trab.; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 24: 230 (1933)
= Phalaris tuberosa var. stenoptera (Hack.) Hitchc.; J. Washington Acad. Sci. 24: 292 (1934)
= Phalaris ×trabutiana Maire; Fl. Afrique N. 2: 19 (1953), no Latin descr.
variant :
var. hirtiglumis (Batt. & Trab.) Portal; Gen. Phalaris 39 (2017)
Distribution: Greece; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia
13 GRC 20 ALG MOR TUN
Synonyms: hidden
= Phalaris bulbosa var. hirtiglumis (Trab.) Maire & Weiller; Fl. Afrique N. 2: 18 (1953)
= Phalaris elongata Braun-Blanq.; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 13: 21 (1933)
= Phalaris hirtiglumis (Batt. & Trab.) Baldini; Webbia 47(1): 20 (1993)
= Phalaris tuberosa var. hirtiglumis (Batt. & Trab.) Trab.; Batt. & Trab., Fl. Algérie, Monocot.: 140 (1895)
= Phalaris tuberosa var. hirtiglumis Trab.; Batt. & Trab., Fl. Algérie, Monocot.: 140 (1895)
species :
Phalaris arundinacea L.; Sp. Pl. 55 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. arundinacea
Name: Rohr-Glanzgras, Reed Canarygrass
Distribution: Faeroe Isl.; England; Ireland; Denmark; Norway; Sweden; Finland; Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; France; Channel Isl.; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Malta; Slovenia [I]; Croatia [I]; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; N-European Russia; W-European Russia; Ukraine; Crimea; Algeria [I]; Rwanda; Ethiopia; Kenya; Tanzania; Zimbabwe [I]; South Africa [I]; Lesotho [I]; Mauritius [I]; Siberia (Altai, Buryatia, Chita, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva, W-Siberia, Yakutia); Russian Far East (Amur, Kamchatka, Khabarovsk, Kuril Isl., Magadan, Primorye, Sakhalin); Kazakhstan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Iran (N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Kabul, Parwan); Lebanon (C-Lebanon); Syria (Jazira, NW-Syria); China (Anhui, Gansu, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Yunnan, Zhejiang); Mongolia; Taiwan; Pakistan (Murree); Nepal; Bhutan; India (Bihar, Jammu & Kashmir, Tamil Nadu, Darjeeling); Sri Lanka [I]; Myanmar; Java; Australia (Western Australia, South Australia, Victoria, Tasmania); New Zealand [I]; Alaska; Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Northern Territories, Ontario, Prince Edward Isl., Québec, Saskatchewan, Yukon); St. Pierre et Miquelon; USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Iowa, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, North Carolina, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, Nevada, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Tennessee, Utah, Virginia, Vermont, Washington State, Wisconsin, West Virginia, Wyoming); Mexico [I]; Colombia [I]; Peru [I]; Uruguay [I]; Argentina [I]; Chile [I] (Los Lagos [I], Magallanes [I])
10 DEN FIN FOR GRB IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 CIS COR FRA SAR 13 ALB BIH BUL cro GRC ITA KOS MLT MNT NMA ROM slv SRB TUE 14 BLR EST KRY LAT LIT RUS UKR 20 alg 23 RWA 24 ETH 25 KEN TAN 26 zim 27 les saf 29 mau 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ KGZ TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG IRN IRQ LEB SYR TUR 36 CHI 37 MON 38 TAI 40 BHU IND NEP PAK srl 41 MYA 42 JAW 50 AUS 51 nzl 70 ASK CDN 71 CDN 72 CDN SPM 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 mex 82 clm 83 per 85 arg cle uru
Synonyms: hidden
= Arundo colorata Aiton; Hort. Kew (ed. 2) 1: 116 (1789), nom. illeg.
= Arundo riparia Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 24 (1796)
= Baldingera arundinacea (L.) Dumort.; Observ. Gramin. Belg. 130, pl. 10, f. 40 (1823)
= Baldingera arundinacea f. umbrosa Peterm.; Fl. Lips. Excurs.: 87 (1838), nom. nud.
= Baldingera arundinacea var. alba Tinant; Fl. Luxemb.: 4 (1836)
= Baldingera colorata (Sibth.) G.Gaertn., B.Mey. & Scherb.; Oekon. Fl. Wetterau 1: 96 (1799), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Calamagrostis colorata (Aiton) Sibth.; Fl. Oxon.: 37 (1794)
= Digraphis americana Elliott ex G.Don; Loudon, Hort. Brit.: 27 (1830), nom. nud.
= Digraphis arundinacea (L.) Trin.; Fund. Agrost. 127 (1820)
= Endallex arundinacea Raf.; Ser. Bull. Bot. 1: 220 (1830)
= Endallex arundinacea Raf. ex B.D.Jacks.; Index Kew. 1: 839 (1893), pro syn.
= Phalaridantha arundinacea (L.) St.-Lag.; A. Cariot, Étude Fl., ed. 8. 2: 900 (1889)
= Phalaris arundinacea f. colorata (G.Gaertn., B.Mey. & Scherb.) Hegi; 197 (1907)
= Phalaris arundinacea f. luteopicta Voss.; Vilm. Blumengärtn. ed. 3. 1: 1198 (1895)
= Phalaris arundinacea f. minor Jansen & Wacht.; Ned. Kruidk. Arch., ser. 3, 6: 141 (1917)
= Phalaris arundinacea f. pallens Stebler ex Hegi; Ill. Fl. Mitt.-Eur. 1: 197 (1907)
= Phalaris arundinacea f. pallida (A.F.Schwarz) E.Baumann; 198 (1911)
= Phalaris arundinacea f. ramifera Junge; Jahrb. Hamburg. Wiss. Anst. 22(Beih. 3): 60 (1905)
= Phalaris arundinacea f. thyrsoidea (Willk.) Paunero; Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 8: 489 (1948)
= Phalaris arundinacea subsp. hispanica (Coincy) Kerguélen; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 123: 322 (1976)
= Phalaris arundinacea subsp. oehleri Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 43: 91 (1909)
= Phalaris arundinacea var. coarctata (Prahl) J.T.Jansen & Wacht.; J. T. Jansen, Fl. Nederland, Gram.: 243 (1951)
= Phalaris arundinacea var. colorata (Sibth.) Hartm.; Handb. Skand. Fl., ed. 2: 18 (1832)
= Phalaris arundinacea var. glauca Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 141 (1821 publ. 1822)
= Phalaris arundinacea var. leioclada Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 32: 217 (1941)
= Phalaris arundinacea var. pallida A.F.Schwarz; 855 (1902)
= Phalaris arundinacea var. ramosa Gaudin; Fl. Helv. 1: 160 (1828)
= Phalaris arundinacea var. thyrsoidea Willk.; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 40: 145 (1890)
= Phalaris arundinacea var. vivipara N.H.F.Desp.; Fl. Sarthe: 303 (1838)
= Phalaris caesia Nees; Fl. Afr. Austral. Ill.: 6 (1841)
= Phalaris colorata P.Beauv.; Ess. Agrostogr.: 172 (1812), nom. nud.
= Phalaris hispanica Coincy; Morot, J. de Bot. 8: 207 (1894)
= Phalaris monspeliensis Daveau; Monde Pl. 37(161): 1 (1926)
= Phalaris tuberinacea Coville & Ciald.; I. D. I. A. 68: 8 (1953)
= Phalaroides arundinacea (L.) Rauschert; Feddes Repert. 79: 409 (1969)
= Phalaroides arundinacea subsp. caesia (Nees) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 10: 80 (1973)
= Phalaroides arundinacea subsp. oehleri (Pilg.) Valdés & H.Scholz; Willdenowia 36(2): 664 (2006)
= Phalaroides caesia (Nees) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 12(4): 428 (1977)
= Phalaroides hispanica (Coincy) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 12(4): 428 (1977)
= Typhoides arundinacea (L.) Moench; Meth 202 (1794)
= Typhoides arundinacea f. colorata (Sibth.) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 17: 123 (1971 publ. 1972), nom. inval.
= Typhoides arundinacea f. schwarzii Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 17: 123 (1971 publ. 1972)
= Typhoides arundinacea f. umbrosa (Peterm.) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 17: 123 (1971 publ. 1972)
variant :
var. japonica (Steud.) Hack.; Bull. Herb. Boissier 7: 646 (1899)
Distribution: Siberia; Russian Far East; North Korea; South Korea; Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu)
30 SIB 31 RFE 38 JAP KOR NKO
Synonyms: hidden
= Phalaris japonica Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 11 (1853)
= Phalaroides arundinacea subsp. japonica (Steud.) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 10: 80 (1973)
= Phalaroides arundinacea var. kuzenevae Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 43: 47 (2012)
= Phalaroides japonica (Steud.) Czerep.; Sosud. Rast. SSSR: 371 (1981)
= Typhoides arundinacea var. japonica (Steud.) Tzvelev; Rast. Tsentral. Azii 4: 32 (1968)
variant :
var. picta L.; Sp. Pl. 55 (1753)
Distribution: Europe; Germany; Slovakia [I]; Azores [I] (Flores Isl. [I]); Madeira [I] (Madeira Isl. [I]); South Korea [I]; Ryukyu Isl. [I]; Bhutan [I]; India [I] (Sikkim [I]); Australia [I] (SW-Western Australia [I], SE-South Australia [I], E-New South Wales [I], Victoria [I]); El Salvador [I]
11 GER slo 21 azo mdr 38 kor nns 40 bhu ind 50 aus 80 els
Synonyms: hidden
= Baldingera arundinacea var. picta (L.) Gill. & Magne; 445 (1863), isonym
= Baldingera arundinacea var. picta (L.) Peters; Fl. Lips. Excurs. 87 (1838)
= Baldingera arundinacea var. variegata Coss. & Germ.; Fl. Descr. Anal. Paris, ed. 2: 784 (1861)
= Calamagrostis colorata var. variegata Pauquy; Statist. Bot. Somme: 445 (1831)
= Calamagrostis variegata With.; Arr. Brit. Pl (ed. 3) 2: 124 (1796) [nom. nov.]
= Digraphis arundinacea var. picta (L.) Pacher; Jahrb. Naturhist. Landesmus. Kärnten 14: 119 (1880), isonym
= Digraphis arundinacea var. picta (L.) T.Marsson; Fl. Neu-Vorpommern: 561 (1869)
= Phalaridantha arundinacea var. variegata (Parn.) St.-Lag.; Cariot, Étude Fl., éd. 8, 2: 900 (1889)
= Phalaris americana var. picta Eaton & Wright; Man. Bot., ed. 8: 352 (1840)
= Phalaris arundinacea f. picta (L.) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 24 (1898)
= Phalaris arundinacea f. picta (L.) B.P.R.Chéron; Compt. Rend. Soc. Bot. Ardèche 62: 15 (2018), isonym
= Phalaris arundinacea f. picta (L.) Hegi; 197 (1907)
= Phalaris arundinacea f. variegata (With.) Druce; Fl. Berkshire: 556 (1898)
= Phalaris arundinacea subsp. picta (L.) Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital.: 755 (1882)
= Phalaris arundinacea var. variegata (With.) Parn.; Grass. Britain: 188 (1845)
= Phalaris picta (L.) Sloboda; Rostlinnictví: 166 (1852)
= Phalaroides arundinacea convar. picta (L.) Holub; Preslia. 46(2): 169 (1974)
= Phalaroides arundinacea var. picta (L.) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 10: 80 (1973)
= Phalaroides picta (L.) Prob.; Fl. Ross. Dal´nego Vostoka 384 (2006)
subspecies :
subsp. rotgesii (Foucaud & Mandon ex Husn.) Kerguélen; Lejeunia nov. ser. 75: 226 (1975)
Distribution: France; Andorra; Spain; Italy
12 ADO FRA SPA 13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Baldingera arundinacea var. rotgesii Husn.; Graminées: 87 (1899)
= Phalaris arundinacea proles rotgesii (Husn.) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 14: 34 (1913)
= Phalaris arundinacea subsp. rotgesii (Husn.) Kerguélen; Lejeunia, n.s., 75: 226 (1975)
= Phalaris arundinacea var. rotgesii (Husn.) Litard.; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Corse 42: 195 (1922)
= Phalaris rotgesii (Husn.) Baldini; Webbia 47(1): 13 (1993)
= Phalaris rotgesii (Husn.) Litard.; Bull. Acad. Int. Géogr. Bot. 19: 100 (1909 publ. 1910)
= Phalaroides arundinacea subsp. rotgesii (Husn.) Valdés & H.Scholz; Willdenowia 36(2): 664 (2006)
= Phalaroides rotgesii (Husn.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 12(4): 428 (1977)
= Typhoides arundinacea subsp. rotgesii (Husn.) Gamisans; Candollea 29: 44 (1974)
species :
Phalaris brachystachys Link; Schrad., Neues Jour. Bot. 1(3): 134 (1806)
Name: Kurzähriges Glanzgras (DE); Shortspike Canarygrass (EN); Alpiste de espiga corta (ES)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Portugal; Spain; Andorra; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); San Marino; Slovenia [I]; Croatia [I]; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Albania; European Turkey; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Azores (Terceira); Madeira (Madeira Isl., Porto Santo Isl.); Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro); Northern Caucasus; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia); Iran; Cyprus (N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, C-Syrian Desert, Jazira, NW-Syria, Jbel Druze); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, Judean Desert); Jordania (W-Jordania); Pakistan [I] (Baluchistan [I]); USA [I] (California [I], Louisiana [I], Missouri [I], Oregon [I], Texas [I])
11 ger 12 ADO BAL COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH cro GRC ITA KOS KRI MNT NMA PEL SIC slv SMA SRB TUE 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN 21 AZO CNY MDR 33 AZE NCS 34 CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR 40 pak 73 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Phalaris brachystachys var. robusta Thell.; Fl. Adv. Montpellier: 88 (1912)
= Phalaris canariensis subsp. brachystachys (Link) Maire; Maire & Weiller, Fl. Afrique N. 2: 24 (1953)
= Phalaris canariensis subsp. brachystachys (Link) Posp.; Fl. Oesterr. Küstenl. 1: 59 (1897)
= Phalaris canariensis var. brachystachys (Link) B.Fedtsch.; Izv. Glavn. Bot. Sada SSSR 14 (sup. 2): 47 (1915)
= Phalaris nitida C.Presl; Gram. Sicul.: 10 (1818)
= Phalaris quadrivalvis Lag.; Gen. Sp. Pl.: 3 (1816)
= Phalaris vivipara Paolucci; Fl. Marchig.: 19 (1891), pro syn.
species :
Phalaris californica Hook. & Arn.; Bot. Beechey Voy. 161 (1841)
Name: California canarygrass
Distribution: USA (California, SW-Oregon)
73 USA 76 USA
species :
Phalaris canariensis L.; Sp. Pl. 54 (1753)
Name: Kanariengras (DE); Annual Canarygrass (EN); Alpiste (ES)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Switzerland; Liechtenstein [I]; Austria; Slovakia; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; Baleares; France; Channel Isl.; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); San Marino [I]; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; European Russia; Ukraine; Crimea; Morocco [I]; Algeria [I]; Tunisia [I]; Libya [I]; Egypt (Nile Delta, NW-coastal Egypt); Azores [I] (Santa Maria Isl. [I], Sao Miguel Isl. [I], Terceira [I], Pico [I], Faial [I]); Madeira (Madeira Isl.); Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro, La Palma Isl.); Mozambique [I]; South Africa [I] (widespread); Lesotho [I]; Mauritius [I]; La Réunion [I]; Siberia [I] (Altai [I], Irkutsk [I]); Russian Far East [I] (Khabarovsk [I], Primorye [I], Sakhalin [I]); Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; ?Armenia; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (Inner Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SSW-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, W-Cyprus); Israel (Rift Valley, N-Israel); China; South Korea; India [I]; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); Lord Howe Isl. [I]; New Zealand [I]; Chatham Isl. [I]; Hawaii [I] (Oahu [I], Maui [I], Hawaii Isl. [I]); Alaska [I]; Canada [I] (Alberta [I], British Columbia [I], Manitoba [I], New Brunswick [I], Newfoundland [I], Nova Scotia [I], Northern Territories [I], Ontario [I], Prince Edward Isl. [I], Québec [I], Saskatchewan [I], Yukon [I]); USA [I] (Alabama [I], Arkansas [I], Arizona [I], California [I], Colorado [I], Connecticut [I], District of Columbia [I], Delaware [I], Florida [I], Georgia [I], Iowa [I], Idaho [I], Illinois [I], Indiana [I], Kansas [I], Kentucky [I], Louisiana [I], Massachusetts [I], Maryland [I], Maine [I], Michigan [I], Minnesota [I], Missouri [I], Mississippi [I], Montana [I], North Carolina [I], North Dakota [I], Nebraska [I], New Hampshire [I], New Jersey [I], New Mexico [I], New York [I], Ohio [I], Oklahoma [I], Oregon [I], Pennsylvania [I], Rhode Island [I], South Carolina [I], South Dakota [I], Tennessee [I], Texas [I], Utah [I], Virginia [I], Vermont [I], Washington State [I], Wisconsin [I], West Virginia [I], Wyoming [I]); Mexico [I]; Honduras [I]; Costa Rica [I]; Cuba [I]; Colombia [I]; Venezuela [I]; Ecuador [I]; Peru [I]; Bolivia [I]; Brazil [I]; Uruguay [I]; Argentina [I]; Chile [I] (Antofagasta [I], Atacama [I], Coquimbo [I], Valparaíso [I], Metropolitana de Santiago [I], O´Higgins [I], Maule [I], Ñuble [I], Biobío [I], Araucanía [I], Los Rios [I], Magallanes [I])
11 AUT ger HUN lie SLO SWI 12 BAL CIS COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KRI PEL ROM SIC SLV sma TUE 14 BLR EST KRY LAT LIT RUS UKR 20 alg EGY lby mor tun 21 azo CNY MDR 26 moz 27 les saf 29 mau reu 30 sib 31 rfe 33 AZE GEO NCS 34 CYP EAI ISR TUR 36 CHI 38 KOR 40 ind 50 aus lhi 51 ctm nzl 63 haw 70 ask cdn 71 cdn 72 cdn 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa 79 mex 80 cos hon 81 cub 82 clm ven 83 bol ecu per 84 bra 85 arg cle uru
Synonyms: hidden
= Phalaris aquatica Delile ex Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 5: 471 (1884), pro syn.
= Phalaris avicularis Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton: 17 (1796), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Phalaris canariensis f. bracteata Jansen & Wacht.; Ned. Kruidk. Arch., ser. 3, 6: 135 (1917)
= Phalaris canariensis f. colorata Jansen & Wacht.; Ned. Kruidk. Arch., ser. 3, 52: 213 (1942)
= Phalaris canariensis f. vivipara Junge; Jahrb. Hamburg. Wiss. Anst. 30(Beih. 3): 123 (1912)
= Phalaris canariensis var. debilis Tocl & Rohlena; Sitzungsber. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss., Math.-Naturwiss. Cl. 49: 1 (1902)
= Phalaris canariensis var. nigra Stokes; Bot. Mat. Med. 1: 135 (1812)
= Phalaris canariensis var. subcylindrica Thell.; Vierteljahrsschr. Naturf. Ges. Zürich 56: 271 (1912)
= Phalaris canariensis var. tenuis Jansen & Wacht.; Ned. Kruidk. Arch., III 52: 213 (1942)
= Phalaris canariensis var. villosula Jansen & Wacht.; Ned. Kruidk. Arch., III 52: 213 (1942)
= Phalaris ovata Moench; Methodus: 208 (1794), nom. illeg. superfl.
species :
Phalaris caroliniana Walter; Fl. Carol. 74 (1788)
Name: Carolina canarygrass (EN); Mittleres Glanzgras (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; USA (Baja California Norte, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo León, Sonora); Isla Guadalupe; Puerto Rico [I]; Chile [I] (Valparaíso [I])
11 ger 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 GLP 81 pue 85 cle
Synonyms: hidden
= Phalaris americana Elliott; Sketch Bot. S. Carolina 1: 101 (1816)
= Phalaris angusta Schltdl.; Linnaea 24: 187 (1851), nom. illeg.
= Phalaris intermedia Bosc ex Poir.; Encycl. 1: 300 (1810)
= Phalaris intermedia var. angustata Beal; Grass. N. Amer. 2: 182 (1896)
= Phalaris intermedia var. microstachya (DC.) Vasey; Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 3: 42 (1892)
= Phalaris macrostachya D.Dietr.; Syn. Plant. 1: 237 (1839), orth. var.
= Phalaris microstachya DC.; Cat. Pl. Horti Monsp. 131 (1813)
= Phalaris occidentalis Nutt.; Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc., n.s., 5: 144 (1835)
= Phalaris trivialis Trin.; Mem. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Petersbourg, Ser. 6, Sci. Math., Seconde Pt. Sci. Nat. 3(1): 55 (1839)
species :
Phalaris coerulescens Desf.; Fl. All. 1: 56 (1798)
Name: Bläuliches Glanzgras (DE); Blue Canary Grass; Sunolgrass (EN); Alpiste de espiga larga (ES)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Portugal; Spain; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; San Marino; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Albania; European Turkey; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt (NE-Egypt); Azores (Santa Maria Isl.); Madeira (Madeira Isl., Porto Santo Isl.); Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro, La Palma Isl.); East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SW-Anatolia); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (NW-Syria); Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], New South Wales [I], Tasmania [I]); USA [I] (California [I]); Uruguay [I]; Argentina [I]; Chile [I] (Biobío [I])
11 ger 12 BAL COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MNT NMA SIC SMA SRB TUE 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 21 AZO CNY MDR 34 EAI LEB SYR TUR 50 aus 76 usa 85 arg cle uru
Synonyms: hidden
= Phalaris aquatica var. macrostachya Mutel; Fl. Franç. Herbor. 4: 15 (1837)
= Phalaris bulbosa var. coerulescens (Desf.) Knoche; Fl. Baléar. 1: 289 (1921)
= Phalaris bulbosa var. nervosa Willk.; M. Willkomm & J. M. C. Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 1: 37 (1861)
= Phalaris coerulescens subsp. lusitanica Rocha Afonso & Franco; Silva Lusitana 5(1): 142 (1997)
= Phalaris coerulescens var. concolor Lojac.; Fl. Sicul. 3: 251 (1909)
= Phalaris coerulescens var. major De Not.; Repert. Fl. Ligust.: 442 (1844)
= Phalaris coerulescens var. ovata Parl.; Pl. Nov.: 33 (1842)
= Phalaris coerulescens var. tenuis Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 17 (1898)
= Phalaris coerulescens var. villosula De Not. ex Parl.; Fl. Ital. 1: 73 (1848)
= Phalaris commutata Roem. & Schult.; Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis] 2: 403 (1817)
= Phalaris nodosa subsp. caerulescens (Desf.) Ball; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 16: 708 (1878)
= Phalaris paradoxa var. caerulescens (Desf.) Ruiz; Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 8: 486 (1947)
= Phalaris paradoxa var. coerulescens (Desf.) Paunero; Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 8: 486 (1947)
= Phalaris paradoxa var. megastachys Goiran; Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital., n.s., 17: 53 (1910)
= Phalaris paradoxa var. microstachys Goiran; Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital., n.s., 17: 53 (1910)
= Phalaris tuberosa Link; J. Bot. (Schrad.) 1799(2): 312 (1799), nom. illeg.
= Phalaris variegata Spreng.; Neue Entdeck. Pflanzenk. 2: 101 (1821)
= Phalaris villosula De Not. ex Parl.; Fl. Ital. 1: 73 (1850), pro syn.
= Phleum alatum Host; Fl. Austriaca 1: 84 (1827)
species :
Phalaris lemmonii Vasey; Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 3: 42 (1892), et Ill. N. Am. Grass. 2: (1892)
Name: Lemmon´s canarygrass
Distribution: Australia [I] (New South Wales [I], Victoria [I]); USA (California); Mexico (Baja California Norte)
50 aus 76 USA 79 MEX
species :
Phalaris lindigii Baldini; Webbia 49(2): 317 (1995)
Distribution: Colombia (Cundinamarca)
82 CLM
species :
Phalaris maderensis (Menezes) Menezes; Gramin. Arch. Madeira: 23 (1906)
Distribution: Madeira
21 MDR
Synonyms: hidden
= Phalaris coerulescens var. maderensis Menezes; Gramin. Arch. Madeira: 57 (1906)
species :
Phalaris minor Retz.; Obs. Bot. 3: 8 (1783)
Name: Kleines Glanzgras (DE); Lesser Canary Grass (EN); Alpiste menor (ES)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; Baleares; France; Channel Isl. [I]; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Pantelleria; Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Albania; European Turkey; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Lithuania [I]; Belarus [I]; Crimea [I]; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt (Desert Oases, Eastern Desert, Great Southwestern Desert, NE-Egypt, Nile Delta, Nile Valley, NW-coastal Egypt, SE-Egypt); Azores (Santa Maria Isl., Faial); Madeira (Madeira Isl., Porto Santo Isl.); Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera); Mauritania; N-Chad; Sudan; Eritrea; Zimbabwe [I]; South Africa [I] (widespread); Siberia [I] (Altai [I], Irkutsk [I]); Russian Far East [I] (Khabarovsk [I], Primorye [I], Sakhalin [I]); Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Iraq (NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia, S-Iraq, W-Iraq: Desert); Iran (EC-Iran, E-Iran, N-Iran, S-Iran, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Baghlan, Bamyan, Faryab, Helmand, Herat, Kandahar, Qunduz, Samangan, Takhar); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus); Lebanon (coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, NW-Syria); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, N-Negev Desert, Negev Desert); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, N-Sinai, S-Sinai); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Saudi Arabia (C-Saudi Arabia, NE-Saudi Arabia); Kuwait; Bahrain; Qatar; United Arab Emirates; Oman (Mascat & Oman); Yemen (W-Yemen); China [I] (Yunnan [I]); South Korea [I]; Pakistan (Baluchistan, Sind, Waziristan, Kurram, N.W.Frontier Prov., Pakistani Punjab, Swat, Hazara, Azad Kashmir); Nepal [I]; Bhutan [I]; India (Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Delhi, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Nagaland, Odisha, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand); Philippines [I]; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); Norfolk Isl. [I]; New Zealand [I]; Kermadec Isl. [I]; Chatham Isl. [I]; Hawaii [I] (Oahu [I], Maui [I], Hawaii Isl. [I]); Alaska [I]; Canada [I] (New Brunswick [I]); USA [I] (Alabama [I], Arizona [I], California [I], Colorado [I], Florida [I], Louisiana [I], New Jersey [I], New Mexico [I], Oregon [I], Pennsylvania [I], South Carolina [I], Texas [I]); Mexico [I]; Isla Guadalupe [I]; Costa Rica [I]; Colombia [I]; Peru [I]; Bolivia [I]; Uruguay [I]; Argentina [I]; Chile [I] (Coquimbo [I], Biobío [I])
11 ger 12 BAL cis COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MNT NMA PEL PTL SIC SRB TUE 14 blr kry lit 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 21 AZO CNY MDR 22 MTN 24 CHA ERI SUD 26 zim 27 saf 30 sib 31 rfe 32 TKM TZK UZB 33 AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SIN SYR TUR 35 BAR KUW OMA QAT SAU UAE YEM 36 chi 38 kor 40 bhu IND nep PAK 42 phi 50 aus nfk 51 ctm ker nzl 63 haw 70 ask 72 cdn 73 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa 79 glp mex 80 cos 82 clm 83 bol per 85 arg cle uru
Synonyms: hidden
= Alopecurus otiporensis Griff.; Not. Pl. Asiat. 3: 94 (1851), nom. nud.
= Phalaris ambigua Fig. & De Not.; Mem. Acc. Torin. Ser. II. 12: 326 (1852)
= Phalaris aquatica Thunb.; Prodr. Pl. Cap.: 19 (1794), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Phalaris aquatica var. minor (Retz.) Mutel; Fl. Franç. 4: 15 (1837)
= Phalaris arundinacea var. minor (Retz.) Paunero; Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 8: 489 (1947)
= Phalaris brevis Trin.; Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg, Sér. 6, Sci. Math., Seconde Pt. Sci. Nat. 5(2): 50 (1840)
= Phalaris capensis Thunb.; Prodr. Pl. Cap.: 19 (1794)
= Phalaris coerulescens var. minor (Retz.) Mutel; Fl. Franç. Herbor. 4: 15 (1837)
= Phalaris decumbens Moench; Methodus: 208 (1794), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Phalaris gracilis Parl.; Pl. Nov.: 36 (1842)
= Phalaris haematites Duval-Jouve & Paris; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 14: 276 (1867), nom. nud.
= Phalaris haematites var. granulosa Sennen & Mauricio; Sennen, Diagn. Nouv.: 244 (1936), nom. inval.
= Phalaris mauritii Sennen; Diagn. Nouv.: 243 (1936), nom. nud.
= Phalaris minor f. bracteata Jansen & Wacht.; Ned. Kruidk. Arch., ser. 3, 6: 132 (1917)
= Phalaris minor f. composita Jansen & Wacht.; Ned. Kruidk. Arch., ser. 3, 6: 132 (1917)
= Phalaris minor f. glomerata Jansen & Wacht.; Ned. Kruidk. Arch., ser. 3, 6: 131 (1917)
= Phalaris minor f. gracilis (Parl.) Trab.; Batt. & Trab., Fl. Algérie, Monocot.: 141 (1895)
= Phalaris minor f. haematites Trab.; Batt. & Trab., Fl. Algérie, Monocot.: 141 (1895)
= Phalaris minor f. integra (Trab.) Trab.; Batt. & Trab., Fl. Algérie, Monocot.: 141 (1895)
= Phalaris minor f. subcylindrica Jansen & Wacht.; Ned. Kruidk. Arch., ser. 3, 49: 279 (1939)
= Phalaris minor subsp. gracilis (Parl.) Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital.: 70 (1882)
= Phalaris minor subsp. gracilis K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: ? (1890)
= Phalaris minor var. bracteata Janch. & Wacht.; Ned. Kruidk. Arch. 1916: 132 (1917)
= Phalaris minor var. comosula Heldr.; Bull. Herb. Boissier 4: 396 (1898)
= Phalaris minor var. composita Janch. & Wacht.; Ned. Kruidk. Arch. 1916: 132 (1917)
= Phalaris minor var. glomerata Janch. & Wacht.; Ned. Kruidk. Arch. 1916: 132 (1917)
= Phalaris minor var. gracilis (Parl.) Parl.; Fl. Ital. 1: 70 (1848)
= Phalaris minor var. haematitis (Duval-Jouve) Jahand. & Maire; Jahand. et al., Cat. Pl. Maroc 1: 30 (1931)
= Phalaris minor var. haematitis Duval-Jouve; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 14: 278 (1867)
= Phalaris minor var. integra Trab.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 32: 394 (1885)
= Phalaris minor var. mouterdei A.Camus & Gomb.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 89: 130 (1949)
= Phalaris minor var. nepalensis (Trin.) Bor; Grass. Burma, Ceylon, India & Pakistan: 616 (1960)
= Phalaris minor var. phaeosperma Cavara; Bull. Orto Bot. Regia Univ. Napoli 9: 42 (1927)
= Phalaris nepalensis Trin.; Sp. Gram. 1: t. 89 (1828)
species :
Phalaris paradoxa L.; Sp. Pl. ed. 2, 1665 (1763)
Name: Seltsames Glanzgras (DE); Awned Canary Grass (EN); Alpiste bastardo (ES)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Portugal; Spain; Baleares; France; Channel Isl. [I]; Italy; San Marino; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Albania; European Turkey; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Latvia [I]; Lithuania [I]; Belarus [I]; European Russia [I]; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt (Desert Oases, Eastern Desert, Great Southwestern Desert, NE-Egypt, Nile Delta, Nile Valley, NW-coastal Egypt); Azores (Faial); Madeira (Madeira Isl., Ilhas Desertas, Porto Santo Isl.); Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera); South Africa [I] (North-West Prov. [I], Gauteng [I], W-Cape Prov. [I]); Russian Far East [I] (Kamchatka [I], Primorye [I]); Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia); Iran (S-Iran, W-Iran); Afghanistan; Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, C-Syrian Desert, Jazira, NW-Syria); Israel (C-Israel, coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, N-Negev Desert, Judean Desert, Negev Desert); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, N-Sinai); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Saudi Arabia (NE-Saudi Arabia); Qatar; United Arab Emirates; Yemen (W-Yemen); China [I] (Yunnan [I]); Pakistan (Quetta, Lahore); NW-India; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I]); New Zealand [I]; Hawaii [I] (single collection [I]); Hawaii Isl. (single collection [I]); USA [I] (Arizona [I], California [I], Louisiana [I], Maryland [I], New Jersey [I], Oregon [I], Pennsylvania [I], Washington State [I]); Mexico [I]; Bolivia [I]; Uruguay [I]; Argentina [I]; Chile [I] (O´Higgins [I])
11 ger 12 BAL cis FRA POR SPA 13 ALB BIH CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MNT NMA SMA SRB TUE 14 blr lat lit rus 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 21 AZO CNY MDR 27 saf 31 rfe 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SIN SYR TUR 35 QAT SAU UAE YEM 36 chi 40 IND PAK 50 aus 51 nzl 63 haw 73 usa 75 usa 76 usa 78 usa 79 mex 83 bol 85 arg cle uru
Synonyms: hidden
= Phalaris appendiculata Schult.; Roem. & Schult., Mant. 2: 216 (1824)
= Phalaris dentata Sieber ex Kunth; Enum. Pl. 1: 33 (1833), pro syn.
= Phalaris obvallata Trin.; Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg, Sér. 6, Sci. Math., Seconde Pt. Sci. Nat. 5(2): 51 (1840)
= Phalaris paradoxa f. nana Chiov.; Annuario Reale Ist. Bot. Roma 8: 328 (1908 publ. 1907)
= Phalaris paradoxa f. praemorsa (Lam.) Paunero; Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 8: 486 (1948)
= Phalaris paradoxa var. appendiculata (Schult.) Pirotta; Annuario Reale Ist. Bot. Roma 8: 328 (1908)
= Phalaris paradoxa var. intacta Coss. & Durieu; Durieu, Expl. Sci. Algérie 2: 24 (1855)
= Phalaris paradoxa var. intermedia Coss. & Durieu; Durieu, Expl. Sci. Algérie 2: 24 (1855)
= Phalaris paradoxa var. megastachya Goiran; Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital., n. s. 17: 53 (1910)
= Phalaris paradoxa var. microstachya Goiran; Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital., n. s. 17: 53 (1910)
= Phalaris paradoxa var. praemorsa (Lam.) Coss. & Durieu; Expl. Sci. Algerie 2: 25 (1854)
= Phalaris praemorsa Lam.; Fl. Franc. 3: 566 (1778)
= Phalaris pruinosa Lam. ex P.Beauv.; Ess. Agrostogr.: 173 (1812), pro syn.
= Phalaris pseudoparadoxa Fig. & De Not.; Mem. Reale Accad. Sci. Torino, II 12: 327 (1852)
= Phalaris rubens Ehrenb. ex Trin.; Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg, Sér. 6, Sci. Math., Seconde Pt. Sci. Nat. 5(2, Bot.): 50 (1839)
= Phalaris sibthorpii Griseb.; Spic. Fl. Rumel. 2: 468 (1846)
= Phalaris utriculosa L. ex Munro; J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. 6: 36 (1861), pro syn.
species :
Phalaris peruviana H.Scholz & Gutte; Willdenowia 8(2): 379 (1978)
Distribution: Colombia (Boyacá); Peru
82 CLM 83 PER
species :
Phalaris platensis Henrard ex Heukels; Geillustr. Schoolfl. Nederl., ed. Wachter, 843 (1934), in clavi, Henrard in Blumea 3: 171 (1938), descr.
Distribution: S-Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul); Uruguay (Maldonado); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Entre Rios, La Pampa, Santa Fe)
84 BRA 85 ARG URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Phalaris arechavaletae (Arechav.) Herter; Revista Sudamer. Bot. 9: 105 (1953)
= Phalaris intermedia f. platensis Arechav.; Anales Mus. Nac. Montevideo 1: 298, t. 28 (1896)
= Phalaris intermedia var. platensis (Arechav.) Speg.; Contr. Fl. Tandil: 53 (1901)
= Phalaris platensis (Arechav.) Parodi; Revista Argent. Agron. 4: 298 (1937), nom. illeg.
species :
Phalaris truncata Guss. ex Bertol.; Fl. Ital. 2: 777 (1836)
Name: Keil-Glanzgras (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; France [I]; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; San Marino; European Turkey; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Turkey (NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SSW-Anatolia)
11 ger 12 fra SAR 13 ITA SIC SMA TUE 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Phalaris aquatica Guss.; Fl. Sicul. Prodr. 1: 67 (1827), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Phalaris brachystachys var. truncata (Guss. ex Bertol.) Paunero; Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 8: 492 (1947)
= Phalaris truncata var. angustata Trab.; Batt. & Trab., Fl. Algérie, Monocot.: 140 (1895)
= Phalaris truncata var. villiglumis Trab. ex Maire; Fl. Afrique N. 2: 20 (1953)
species :
Phalaris ×daviesii S.T.Blake; Proc. Roy. Soc. Queensland 67: 27 (1956)
Distribution: Australia [I]
50 aus
Remarks: Phalaris aquatica x P. minor
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A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 18.4 (Feb. 11th, 2024)

Covering 354,025 accepted species,
9,095 hybrids, 47,879 accepted infraspecific taxa and 995,101 synonyms,
in total 1,406,100* names

[*about 25,000 dubious, "unplaced" names and about 4,000 invalid names (Art. 24.3) like "typicus" are deliberately omitted]


With complete, detailed distribution data (countries and regions) and literature references

Arranged in linear phylogenetic sequence reflecting true relationships

Fully searchable and continously updated

With 38,290 pictures of 15,532 species

Assembled through 40 years independently from other databases

In cooperation with Catalogue of Life