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V. 13.2
July 2nd, 2022

058.0000 Family Pinaceae Spreng. ex F.Rudolphi; Syst. Orb. Veg.: 35 (1830), nom. cons.
10 genera, ca. 220 spp.
Species listed in database: 232; hybrids: 30
= Cedraceae Vest, Anleit. Stud. Bot.: 265, 280 (1818)
= Abietaceae Gray, Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 222, 223. (1822), nom. cons.
= Piceaceae Gorozh., Lekts. Morf. Sist. Archegon.: 79. (1904)
= Pseudolaricoideae L.Chu Li, Acta Phytotax. Sin., 33(5): 429 (1995)
058.1001 Genus Pinus L.; Sp. Pl.: 1000 (1753)
Distribution: holarctic, south to to Mexico and Indonesia. Systematics and species list taken from Farjon (2017)
Species listed in database: 115; hybrids: 20
= Apinus Neck., Elem. 3: 369 (1790)
= Caryopitys Small, Fl. S. E. U. S. 29 (1903)
= Cembra Opiz, Seznam, 27 (1852)
= Ducampopinus A.Chev., Rev. Bot. Appliq. 24: 30 (1944)
= Haploxylon Kom., Fl. Penins. Kamtsch 1: 103 (1927), syn.
= Leucopitys Nieuwl., Amer. Midl. Nat., 3: 69 (1913)
= Strobus Opiz, Lotos, 4: 94 (1854)
= Pinea Wolf, Gen. Pl.: 156 (1776)
species :
Pinus albicaulis Engelm.; Trans. Acad. St. Louis, 2: 209 (1863)
Name: Whitebark pine, Scrub pine
Distribution: USA (California, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Oregon, Washington State, Wyoming); Canada (Alberta, British Columbia)
71 CDN 73 USA 76 USA
Remarks: Subgen. Strobus, Sect. Quinquefolius
Synonyms: hidden
= Apinus albicaulis (Engelm.) Rydb., Bull. Torr. Bot. Club, 598 (1905)
= Pinus cembroides Newb., Pacif. Rail. Rep. 6: 44, 90
= Pinus flexilis A.Murray bis, Bot. Exped. Oregon, 1
= Pinus flexilis ssp. albicaulis (Engelm.) Engelm., Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 4: 175 (1880)
= Pinus shasta Carrière, Conif. ed. II. 390 (1867)
species :
Pinus amamiana Koidz.; Bot. Mag., Tokyo, 38: 113 (1924)
Name: Yakushima white pine
Distribution: Japan (Yakushima Isl., Tanegashima Isl.)
38 JAP NNS
Remarks: Subgen. Strobus, Sect. Quinquefolius
Conservation Status: IUCN V
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus armandii var. amamiana (Koidz.) Hatus., Mem. Fac. Agric. Kugos Univ. 1: 37 (1974)
species :
Pinus aristata Engelm.; Am. Journ. Sc. Ser. II. 34: 331 (1862), et in Trans. Acad. Sc. St. Louis 2: 205 (1863)
Name: Rocky mountain bristlecone pine
Distribution: USA (Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico)
73 USA 76 USA 77 USA
Remarks: Subgen. Strobus, Sect. Parrya
Conservation Status: IUCN R
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus balfouriana S.Watson, Bot. Kings Exped. 5: 331 (non A. Murray bis)
= Pinus balfouriana ssp. aristata (Engelm.) Engelm., Trans. Acad. Sci., St. Louis 4: 176 (1880)
= Pinus balfouriana var. aristata (Engelm.) Engelm., Bot. California (Brewer) 2: 125 (1878)
species :
Pinus arizonica Engelm.; Wheeler, Bot. Rep. U. St. Geogr. Surv. 6: 260 (1878)
Name: Arizona pine
Distribution: USA (Arizona, New Mexico); Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Nayarit, Nuevo León, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Zacatecas)
76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
Remarks: Subgen. Pinus, Sect. Trifolius, Subsect. Ponderosae
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus arizonica ssp. ornelasi (Martínez) Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 16(1): 14 (2009)
= Pinus lutea var. ornelasi Martínez, Anales Inst. Biol. Univ. Nac. México 16: 237, fig. 199-202 (1945)
= Pinus palustris var. arizonica (Engelm.) Shaw
= Pinus ponderosa ssp. arizonica (Engelm.) A.E.Murray, Kalmia, 12: 23 (1982)
= Pinus ponderosa var. arizonica (Engelm.) Shaw, Publ. Arnold Arbor. 24, pl. 17 (1909)
variant :
var. cooperi (C.E.Blanco) Farjon; Fl. Neotrop., 75: 107 (1997)
Distribution: Mexico (Durango, Chihuahua, Sonora, S-Sinaloa, ?Nayarit, ?Jalisco)
79 MEX
Conservation Status: IUCN R
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus arizonica ssp. cooperi (C.E.Blanco) Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 16(1): 14 (2009)
= Pinus cooperi C.E.Blanco, Anales Inst. Biol. Univ. Nac. México 20: 185 (1950)
variant :
var. stormiae Martínez; Anales Inst. Biol. Univ. Nac. México 16: 284, fig. 241-243 (1945)
Distribution: Mexico (Coahuila, Nuevo León, Zacatecas, ?San Luis Potosi)
79 MEX
Conservation Status: IUCN R
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus arizonica ssp. stormiae (Martínez) Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 16(1): 15 (2009)
= Pinus ponderosa var. stormiae (Martínez) Silba, Phytologia, 68(1): 59 (1990)
species :
Pinus armandii Franch.; Pl. Davidian. 1: 285 (1884)
Name: Armand´s pine
Distribution: S-Japan; Taiwan; China (S-Gansu, C-Guizhou, NW-Guizhou, Hainan, SW-Henan, W-Hubei, S-Shaanxi, S-Shanxi, Sichuan, SE-Yunnan); Tibet; N-Myanmar (Kachin)
36 CHI TIB 38 JAP TAI 41 MYA
Remarks: Subgen. Strobus, Sect. Quinquefolius
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus armandii ssp. farjonii (Silba) Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 16(1): 15 (2009)
= Pinus armandii ssp. yuana Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 15(2): 29 (28)
= Pinus armandii var. farjonii Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc., 7(1): 29 (2000)
= Pinus excelsa var. chinensis Patschke, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 48: 657 (1913)
= Pinus levis Lemée & H.Lév., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 8: 60 (1910)
= Pinus scorpioniformis Mast.
variant :
var. dabeshanensis (W.C.Cheng & Y.W.Law) Silba; Phytologia, 68(1): 47 (1990)
Distribution: China (SW-Anhui, SE-Henan, E-Hubei)
36 CHI
Conservation Status: IUCN E
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus armandii ssp. dabeshanensis (W.C.Cheng & Y.W.Law) Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 16(1): 15 (2009)
= Pinus dabeshanensis W.C.Cheng & Y.W.Law ex C.Y.Cheng, W.C.Cheng & L.K.Fu, Acta Phytotax. Sin., 13(4): 85 (1975)
= Pinus fenzeliana var. dabeshanensis (W.C.Cheng & Y.W.Law) L.K.Fu & Nan Li, Novon, 7(3): 262 (1997)
variant :
var. mastersiana (Hayata) Hayata; J. Coll. Sci. Imp. Univ. Tokyo 25: 219 (1908)
Distribution: C-Taiwan (Mt. Alishan, Mt. Yushan)
38 TAI
Conservation Status: IUCN R
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus armandii ssp. mastersiana (Hayata) Businský, Acta Pruhoniciana, 68: 13 (1999)
= Pinus mastersiana Hayata, Gard. Chron. ser. 3, 43: 194 (1908)
species :
Pinus attenuata Lemmon; Mining Sci. Press. 64: 45 (1892)
Name: Knobcone pine
Distribution: USA (S-Oregon, N-California); Mexico (Baja California Norte); Taiwan [I]
38 tai 73 USA 76 USA 79 MEX
Remarks: Subgen. Pinus, Sect. Trifolius, Subsect. Oocarpae
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus tuberculata Gordon, Journ. Hort. Soc. 4: 218 (1849)
= Pinus tuberculata var. acuta Mayr, Wald. Nordamer. 275 (1889)
species :
Pinus ayacahuite Ehrenb. ex Schltdl.; Linnaea, 12: 492 (1838)
Name: Mexican white pine
Distribution: Mexico (Aguascalientes, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nuevo León, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Zacatecas); Honduras; El Salvador; Guatemala; Bolivia [c]
79 MEX 80 ELS GUA HON 83 bol
Remarks: Subgen. Strobus, Sect. Quinquefolius
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus ayacahuite ssp. loudoniana (Gordon) A.E.Murray, Kalmia, 13: 21 (1983)
= Pinus ayacahuite ssp. neorecurvata Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 15(1): 13 (2008)
= Pinus ayacahuite ssp. oaxacana (Silba) Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 16(1): 16 (2009)
= Pinus ayacahuite ssp. popocatepetlii (Roezl) Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 16(1): 15 (2009)
= Pinus ayacahuite var. loudoniana (Gordon) A.E.Murray, Kalmia, 13: 21 (1983)
= Pinus ayacahuite var. loudoniana (Gordon) Silba, Phytologia, 68(1): 47 (1990)
= Pinus ayacahuite var. oaxacana Silba, Phytologia, 68(1): 47 (1990)
= Pinus bonapartea Roezl, Gard. Chron. 358 (1858)
= Pinus buonapartea Roezl ex Gordon, Pinet. 218 (1858)
= Pinus colorado Parl., DC. Prod. 16: II. 407 (1868)
= Pinus don-pedrii Roezl, Cat. Sem. Conif. Mexico. 31 (1857)
= Pinus durangensis Roezl ex Gordon, Pinet. 218 (1858)
= Pinus hamata Roezl, Cat. Sem. Conif. Mexico. 32 (1857)
= Pinus loudoniana Gordon, Pinet. 230 (1848)
= Pinus loudoniana var. don-pedrii (Roezl) Carrière, Traité Gén. Conif. ed. 2, 1: 407 (1867)
= Pinus popocatepetlii Roezl, Cat. Sem. Conif. Mexico. 38 (1857)
variant :
var. veitchii (Roezl) Shaw; Publ. Arnold Arbor. 1: 10 (1909)
Distribution: Mexico (Guanajuato, Querétaro, Hidalgo, Veracruz, México State, Puebla, Tlaxcala, Morelos, Michoacán)
79 MEX
Conservation Status: IUCN R
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus ayacahuite ssp. veitchii (Roezl) Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 16(1): 16 (2009)
= Pinus veitchii Roezl, Cat. Sem. Conif. Mexico. 32 (1857)
= Pinus strobiformis ssp. veitchii (Roezl) Frankis, Int. Dendrol. Soc. Year Book 2008: 68 (2009)
species :
Pinus balfouriana Balf.; Murray, Bot. Exped. Oregon 8: 1, plate (1853)
Name: Foxtail pine
Distribution: USA (California)
76 USA
Remarks: Subgen. Strobus, Sect. Parrya
Conservation Status: IUCN R
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus balfouriana ssp. austrina Brujin & J.Mastrog., Syst. Bot., 5(1): 102 (1980)
= Pinus balfouriana var. austrina (Brujin & J.Mastrog.) Silba, Phytologia Mem., 7: 48 (1984)
species :
Pinus banksiana Lamb.; Gen. Pin. 21. ed. I. 7 (1785)
Name: Jack pine
Distribution: USA (Illinois, Indiana, Massachusetts, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, North Dakota, New Hampshire, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Wisconsin, West Virginia); Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Labrador, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Northern Territories, Ontario, Prince Edward Isl., Québec, Saskatchewan); Austria [I]; Slovakia [I]; Denmark [I]; Germany [I]; Romania [I]; Serbia & Kosovo [c]; Taiwan [I]; China [I]; South Korea [I]; Belarus [I]; Estonia [I]; New Zealand [I]
10 den 11 aut ger slo 13 rom srb 14 blr est 36 chi 38 kor tai 51 nzl 70 CDN 71 CDN 72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA
Remarks: Subgen. Pinus, Sect. Trifolius, Subsect. Contortae
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus contorta ssp. latifolia (Engelm.) Critchf., Publ. Maria Moors Cabot. Found. Bot. Res., no. 3: 107 (1957)
= Pinus contorta var. latifolia Engelm. ex S.Watson, Botany (Fortieth Parallel) 331 (1871)
= Pinus divaricata (Aiton) Dum.Cours., Bot. Cult. ed. 2, 6: 457 (1811)
= Pinus divaricata (Aiton) Sudw., Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 20(2): 44 (1893), isonym
= Pinus divaricata Hort. ex Gordon, Pinet. 163 (1858), nom. inval.
= Pinus divaricata var. musci Boivin, Naturaliste Canad. 93: 272 (1966)
= Pinus hudsonica Poir., Encyc. 5: 389 (1804)
= Pinus rupestris Michx.fil., Arbr. Am. Sept. 1: 49. t. 2 (1810)
= Pinus sylvestris var. divaricata Aiton, Hort. Kew. (Hill) 3: 366 (1789)
species :
Pinus bhutanica Grierson, D.G.Long & C.N.Page; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh, 38(2): 299 (1980)
Name: Bhutan pine
Distribution: Bhutan; NE-India (Arunachal Pradesh); China (NW-Yunnan); SE-Tibet
36 CHI TIB 40 BHU IND
Remarks: Subgen. Strobus, Sect. Quinquefolius
Conservation Status: IUCN V
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus wallichiana ssp. bhutanica (Grierson, D.G.Long & C.N.Page) Businský, Acta Pruhoniciana, 68: 10 (1999)
= Pinus bhutanica var. ludlowii Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc., 7(1): 29 (2000)
= Pinus bhutanica ssp. ludlowii (Silba) Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 16(1): 16 (2009)
species :
Pinus brutia Ten.; Prodr. Fl. Napol.: 72., & Fl. Nap. 4: 136 (1830), & Fl. Nap. 5: 266 (1835-6) (1815)
Name: Kalabrische Kiefer; Turkish Pine
Distribution: Italy [I]; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Croatia [I]; Montenegro [I]; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); European Turkey; Afghanistan [I] (Farah [I], Herat [I], Nangarhar [I]); Turkey (Anatolia); Iraq; Syria; Lebanon; Israel; Cyprus; Morocco [I]; Algeria [I]
13 cro GRC ita KRI mnt TUE 20 alg mor 34 afg CYP EAI IRQ ISR LEB SYR TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Pinus, Sect. Pinus, Subsect. Pinaster
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus brutia f. kruepericola Frankis, Papers, Int. Symp. Pinus brutia Ten., Marmaris: 14 (1993)
= Pinus brutia f. pyramidalis (Selik) Kandemir & Mataraci, Ill. Fl. Turkey Vol. 2: 333 (2018)
= Pinus brutia var. densifolia Yalt. & Boydak, Istanbul Univ. Orman Fak. Dergisi, A, 39(2): 48 1989 (1992), without type, et Karaca Arbor. Mag., 5(4): 175 (2000)
= Pinus brutia var. pyramidalis Selik, Mitt. Deutsch. Dendrol. Ges. 62: 62 (1962)
= Pinus halepensis ssp. brutia (Ten.) Holmboe, Bergens Mus. Skr. ser. 2, l(2): 29 (1914)
= Pinus halepensis var. brutia (Ten.) A.Henry, Trees Great Brit. Ireland 5: 1100 (1910)
= Pinus persica Fox-Strangw., Loudon Gard. Mag. 15: 130 (1839)
variant :
var. eldarica (Medw.) Silba; Phytologia, 58(6): 367 (1985)
Distribution: Azerbaijan; Georgia [Caucasus] (Kiziki); Turkmenistan; NW-Iran; N-Iraq
32 TKM 33 AZE GEO 34 IRN IRQ
Conservation Status: IUCN R
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus brutia ssp. eldarica (Medw.) Nahal, Ann. Ecole Natl. Eaux 19: 521 (1962)
= Pinus brutia var. caucasica Lipsky, Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 14(2): 309 (1898)
= Pinus eldarica Medw., Act. Hort. Tifl. 6: II. 21 (1902)
= Pinus halepensis var. eldarica (Medw.) Fitschen, Handb. Nadelholzk. ed. 3: 392 (1930)
variant :
var. pendulifolia Frankis; Papers, Int. Symp. Pinus brutia Ten., Marmaris: 14 (1993)
Distribution: SW-Turkey (Mugla)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus brutia ssp. pendulifolia (Frankis) Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 16(1): 17 (2009)
variant :
var. pityusa (Steven) Silba; Phytologia, 58(6): 367 (1985)
Name: Pityusen-Kiefer
Distribution: Northern Caucasus (Krasnodar); Georgia [Caucasus] (Abkhazia); Crimea
14 KRY 33 GEO NCS
Conservation Status: IUCN V
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus brutia ssp. pityusa (Steven) Nahal, Ann. Ecole Natl. Eaux 19: 521 (1962)
= Pinus brutia ssp. stankewiczii (Sukaczev) Nahal, Ann. Ecole Natl. Eaux 19: 521 (1962)
= Pinus brutia var. stankewiczii (Sukaczev) Frankis, Papers, Int. Symp. Pinus brutia Ten., Marmaris: 14 (1993)
= Pinus halepensis ssp. pityusa (Steven) A.E.Murray, Kalmia, 13: 22 (1983)
= Pinus halepensis ssp. stankewiczii (Sukaczev) A.E.Murray, Kalmia, 13: 22 (1983)
= Pinus halepensis var. pityusa (Steven) Gordon & Glend., Pinetum 166 (1858)
= Pinus pityusa Steven ex Gordon, Loudon Gard. Mag. 16: 638 (1840)
= Pinus pityusa Steven, Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 11: 49 (1838)
= Pinus pityusa var. stankewiczii Sukaczev, Bot. Zurn. (St Petersburg) 1: 37 (1906)
= Pinus stankewiczii (Sukaczev) Fomin, Vestn. Tiflissk. Bot. Sada 34: 21 (1914), clavi
species :
Pinus bungeana Zucc.; Endl. Syn. Conif. 166 (1847)
Name: Lace-bark pine
Distribution: China (S-Gansu, Hebei, W-Henan, W-Hubei, S-Shaanxi, Shanxi, N-Sichuan); South Korea [I]
36 CHI 38 kor
Remarks: Subgen. Strobus, Sect. Quinquefolius
Conservation Status: IUCN V
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus excorticata Hort. ex Lindl. & Gordon, Journ. Hort. Soc. 5: 217 (1850)
species :
Pinus canariensis C.Sm.; Buch, Beschr. Canar. Ins. 159 (1825) ex DC., Pl. Rar. Jard. Geneve, I (1829)
Name: Canary Pine (EN); Kanaren-Kiefer (DE); Pino canario (ES)
Distribution: Canary Isl. (Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro, La Palma Isl.); Italy [I]; Cyprus [I]; Taiwan [I]; South Africa [I]; Greece [c]
13 grc ita 21 CNY 27 saf 34 cyp 38 tai
Remarks: Subgen. Pinus, Sect. Pinus, Subsect. Pinaster
Conservation Status: IUCN R
species :
Pinus caribaea Morelet; Rev. Hortic. Cote d´Or, Oct., et in Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Moselle, vii.(1885) 97-101
Name: Pitch Pine (EN); Pino, Pino amarillo, Pino macho (Cuba)
Distribution: W-Cuba (incl. Isla de la Juventud); Costa Rica [I]; Peru [I]; Belize [I]; Fiji [I]; Austral Isl. [I]; Niue [I]; Rotuma Isl. [I]; Guyana [I]; Surinam [I]; French Guiana [I]; Colombia [I]; China [I]; Myanmar [I]; Bolivia [c]; Trinidad & Tobago [I]; Gabon [I]; Benin [I]
22 ben 23 gab 36 chi 41 mya 60 fij nue rot 61 aui 80 blz cos 81 CUB trt 82 clm frg guy sur 83 bol per
Remarks: Subgen. Pinus, Sect. Trifolius, Subsect. Australes
Conservation Status: vulnerable (Red List of the Vascular Flora of Cuba)
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus recurvata Rowlee, Bull. Torr. Bot. Club, 107 (1903)
= Pinus cubensis var. anomala Rowlee, Bull. Torr. Bot. Club 30: 108 (1903)
variant :
var. bahamensis (Griseb.) W.H.Barrett & Golfari; Caribbean Forest. 23: 63 (1962)
Name: Caribbean pine-tree (Bahamas)
Distribution: Bahamas (New Providence, Andros Isl., Grand Bahama, Abaco Isl.); Turks & Caicos Isl.
81 BAH TCI
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus caribaea ssp. bahamensis (Griseb.) Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 16(1): 17 (2009)
= Pinus bahamensis Griseb., Fl. Brit. W. Ind. 503 (1864)
variant :
var. hondurensis (Sénécl.) W.H.Barrett & Golfari; Caribbean Forest. 23: 65 (1962)
Distribution: Mexico (Campeche, Quintana Roo); N-Guatemala; Belize; El Salvador; Honduras; Nicaragua; Hispaniola [I]; Puerto Rico [I]; St. Lucia [I]; Guam [I]
62 gum 79 MEX 80 BLZ ELS GUA HON NIC 81 his pue stl
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus caribaea ssp. hondurensis (Sénécl.) Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 16(1): 17 (2009)
= Pinus hondurensis Sénécl., Conifer Monogr. 126 (1868)
species :
Pinus cembra L.; Sp. Pl.: 1000 (1753)
Name: Swiss stone pine (EN), Arve, Zirbelkiefer (DE)
Distribution: Austria; Slovakia; France; Germany (Bayern); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Italy; Bosnia & Hercegovina; ?Serbia & Kosovo; Slovenia; Croatia; Poland; Romania; Finland [I]; Iceland [I]; Norway [I]; Sweden [I]; Ukraine; Belarus [I]; Estonia [I]; Canada [I] (Ontario [I])
10 fin ice nor swe 11 AUT GER LIE POL SLO SWI 12 FRA 13 BIH CRO ITA ROM SLV 14 blr est UKR 72 cdn
Remarks: Subgen. Strobus, Sect. Quinquefolius
Synonyms: hidden
= Apinus cembra (L.) Neck., Elem. 3: 270 (1790)
= Cembra montana Opiz, Seznam, 27 (1852)
= Pinea cembra (L.) Opiz, Ökon. Neuigk. Verhandl., 526 (1839)
= Pinus cedrus Uspensk., Bull. Soc. Nat. Mosc. 389 (1834)
= Pinus cembra f. helvetica (Christ) Suess., 151 (1936)
= Pinus cembra var. alpina Rikli, 382 (1909), nom. inval.
= Pinus cembra var. fruticosa Griseb., Spic. Fl. Rumel. 2: 189 (1841)
= Pinus cembra var. helvetica (Christ) Hegi, 106 (1907), nom. inval.
= Pinus cembra var. helvetica (Christ) J.Forbes, 71 (1839), nom. inval.
= Pinus cembra var. helvetica Lodd. ex Loudon, Arbor. Frutic. Brit. 4: 2276 (1838)
= Pinus cembra var. pendula J.Nelson, Pinaceae 107 (1866)
= Pinus humistrata Carrière, Conif. ed. II. 388 (1867)
= Pinus montana Lam., Fl. Fr. 3: 651 (1779)
= Pinus montana ssp. arborea (Tubeuf) Hegi, Ill. Fl. Mitt.-Eur. ed. 2, 1: 147 (1935)
= Pinus pygmaea Fisch. ex Endl., Syn. Conif. 142 (1847)
= Strobus cembra (L.) Moldenke, Rev. Sudamer. Bot. 6: 30 (1939)
species :
Pinus cembroides Zucc.; Abh. Akad. Muench. 1: 392 (1832) s. str.
subspecies :
subsp. cembroides
Name: Mexican nut pine, Pinyon pine
Distribution: USA (SE-Arizona, SW-New Mexico, W-Texas); Mexico (Aguascalientes, Baja California Norte, Baja California Sur, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Nayarit, Nuevo León, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Zacatecas)
76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
Remarks: Subgen. Strobus, Sect. Parrya
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus fertilis Roezl ex Gordon, Pinet. Suppl. 76 (1862)
= Pinus llaveana Schiede, Linnaea, 12: 488 (1838)
= Pinus osteosperma Engelm., Wisliz. Tour N. Mexico, 89
variant :
var. bicolor Little; Phytologia 17: 336 (1968)
Name: Border piñon, Johannis pine
Distribution: USA (SE-Arizona, SW-New Mexico); Mexico (NE-Sonora, Chihuahua, Durango, W-Coahuila, Nuevo León, Zacatecas, San Luis Potosi, Tamaulipas)
76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus cembroides ssp. bicolor (Little) Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 16(1): 17 (2009)
= Pinus cembroides ssp. johannis (M.-F.Robert) Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 16(1): 18 (2009)
= Pinus culminicola var. bicolor (Little) Eckenw., Conifers World 647 (2009)
= Pinus culminicola var. discolor (Bailey & Hawksworth) Silba, Phytologia, 56(7): 490 (1985)
= Pinus culminicola var. johannis (M.-F.Robert) Silba, Phytologia, 56(7): 491 (1985)
= Pinus discolor D.K.Bailey & Hawksw., Phytologia, 44(3): 130 (1979), nom. nov.
= Pinus johannis M.-F.Robert, Adansonia, 18(3): 366 (1978)
subspecies :
subsp. lagunae (M.-F.Robert) D.K.Bailey; Phytologia, 54(2): 98 (1983)
Name: Laguna piñon
Distribution: Mexico (Baja California Sur)
79 MEX
Conservation Status: IUCN V
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus cembroides var. lagunae M.-F.Robert, Bull. Mus. Nation. Hist. Nat., B, Adansonia, 1981(1): 64 (1981)
= Pinus lagunae (M.-F.Robert) M.-F.Robert, Phytologia, 63(5): 337 (1987)
subspecies :
subsp. orizabensis D.K.Bailey; Phytologia, 54(2): 89 (1983)
Name: Orizaba piñon
Distribution: Mexico (Puebla, Tlaxcala, Veracruz)
79 MEX
Conservation Status: IUCN R
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus cembroides Gordon, J. Hort. Soc. London 1: 236 (1846) (non Zucc. (1832))
= Pinus cembroides var. orizabensis (Bailey) Silba, Phytologia, 68(1): 48 (1990)
= Pinus orizabensis (D.K.Bailey) D.K.Bailey & Hawksw., Novon, 2(4): 306 (1992)
species :
Pinus cernua P.K.Lôc ex Aver., K.S.Nguyen & T.H.Nguyên; Nordic J. Bot. 32(6): 792 (2014)
Distribution: Vietnam; Laos
41 LAO VIE
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Pinus clausa (Chapm. ex Engelm.) Sarg.; Rep. For N. Amer. 199 (1884)
Name: Sand pine
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Florida)
78 USA
Remarks: Subgen. Pinus, Sect. Trifolius, Subsect. Contortae
Conservation Status: IUCN R
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus clausa ssp. immuginata (D.B.Ward) A.E.Murray, Kalmia, 13: 22 (1983)
= Pinus clausa var. immuginata D.B.Ward, Castanea 28: 4 (1963)
= Pinus inops ssp. clausa (Chapm. ex Engelm.) Engelm., Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 4: 177 (1880)
= Pinus inops var. clausa Chapm. ex Engelm., Bot. Gaz. 2: 125 (1877)
= Pinus virginiana ssp. clausa (Chapm. ex Engelm.) Eckenw., Conifers World 647 (2009)
species :
Pinus contorta Bol.; Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. 3: 227 (1866)
subspecies :
subsp. contorta
Name: Tamarack pine, Shore pine
Distribution: Alaska; USA (California, Oregon, Washington State); Canada (British Columbia); Mexico (Baja California Norte, Campeche, Yucatan); Belgium [I]; England [I]; Channel Isl. [c]; Denmark [I]; Finland [I]; Germany [I]; Ireland [I]; Iceland [I]; Italy [I]; Norway [I]; Romania [I]; Sweden [I]; Serbia & Kosovo [c]; New Zealand [I]; Argentina [I]
10 den fin grb ice ire nor swe 11 bgm ger 12 cis 13 ita rom srb 51 nzl 70 ASK 71 CDN 73 USA 76 USA 79 MEX 85 arg
Remarks: Subgen. Pinus, Sect. Trifolius, Subsect. Contortae
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus bourcieri Carrière, Rev. Hortic. Ser. IV. 3: 225 (1854)
= Pinus contorta Douglas ex Loudon, Encycl. Trees Shrubs 975 (1842), isonym
= Pinus inops Bong., Mem. Acad. Petersb. Ser. VI. 2: 168 (1833)
= Pinus macintoshiana Hort. ex Laws., Cat. 15 (1855)
= Pinus muricata Boland., Proc. Calif. Acad. 3: 227 (1866)
= Pinus saskatchawensis Hook. ex Parl., DC. Prod. 16: II. 381 (1868)
= Pinus tamrac A.Murray bis, Gard. Chron. 191 (1869)
variant :
var. bolanderi (Parl.) Lemmon; Erythea 2: 176 (1894)
Name: Mendocino Sands Shore pine
Distribution: W-USA (California: Mendocino Co.)
76 USA
Conservation Status: IUCN V
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus bolanderi Parl., DC. Prod. 16: II. 379 (1868)
= Pinus contorta ssp. bolanderi (Parl.) A.E.Murray, Kalmia, 12: 22 (1982)
variant :
var. latifolia Engelm. ex S.Watson; Botany (Fortieth Parallel) 331 (1871)
Name: Lodgepole pine
Distribution: Alaska; USA (Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, South Dakota, Utah, Washington State, Wyoming); Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Northern Territories, Saskatchewan, Yukon)
70 ASK CDN 71 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus contorta ssp. latifolia (Engelm. ex S.Watson) Critchf., Publ. Maria Moors Cabot. Found. Bot. Res. no. 3: 107 (1957)
= Pinus contorta ssp. latifolia (S.Watson) A.E.Murray, Kalmia, 12: 23 (1982)
= Pinus contorta var. hendersonii Lemmon, Erythea 2: 176 (1894)
= Pinus divaricata var. hendersonii (Lemmon) B.Boivin, Naturaliste Canad. 93: 272 (1966)
= Pinus divaricata var. latifolia (Engelm. ex S.Watson) B.Boivin
variant :
var. murrayana (Balf.) Engelm.; Bot. California [W. H. Brewer] 2: 126 (1880)
Name: Sierra lodgepole pine
Distribution: USA (California, Nevada, Oregon, Washington State); Mexico (Baja California Norte)
73 USA 76 USA 79 MEX
Conservation Status: IUCN I
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus contorta ssp. murrayana (Balf.) Engelm., Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 4: 177 (1880)
= Pinus contorta ssp. murrayana (Balf.) A.E.Murray, Kalmia, 12: 23 (1982)
= Pinus murrayana (Balf.), Bot. Exped. Oreg. 2, cum ic., A. Murray bis in Trans. Bot. Soc. Edinb. 6: 351 (1860)
= Pinus murrayana var. sargentii Mayr, Wald. Nordamer. 349 (1889)
variant :
var. yukonensis W.L.Strong; Nordic J. Bot. 28(4): 448 (-452; figs. 1-2)
Name: Yukon pine
Distribution: Canada (Yukon)
70 CDN
species :
Pinus coulteri D.Don; Trans. L. Soc. 17: 440 (1837)
Name: Coulter pine, Bigcone pine
Distribution: W-USA (California); Mexico (Baja California Norte); Morocco [I]; Algeria [I]
20 alg mor 76 USA 79 MEX
Remarks: Subgen. Pinus, Sect. Trifolius, Subsect. Ponderosae
Conservation Status: IUCN R
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus macrocarpa Lindl., Bot. Reg. (1840) Misc. 61
= Pinus ponderosa ssp. coulteri (D.Don) A.E.Murray, Kalmia, 12: 23 (1982)
species :
Pinus cubensis Griseb.; Mem. Am. Acad. N. S. 8: 530 (1863)
Name: Cuban pine
Distribution: E-Cuba
81 CUB
Remarks: Subgen. Pinus, Sect. Trifolius, Subsect. Australes
Conservation Status: vulnerable (Red List of the Vascular Flora of Cuba)
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus cubensis Griseb. ex Carabia, Caribbean Forester, 2: 94 (1941), descr. emend.
= Pinus cubensis ssp. maestrensis (Bisse) Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 16(1): 19 (2009)
= Pinus maestrensis Bisse, Ciencus, Bot. (Cuba), 2: 2 (1975)
= Pinus occidentalis var. cubensis (Sarg. ex Griseb.) Silba, Phytologia Mem., 7: 55 (1984)
= Pinus occidentalis var. maestrensis (Bisse) Silba, Phytologia, 68(1): 57 (1990)
= Pinus wrightii Engelm., Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 4: 185 (1880)
species :
Pinus culminicola Andresen & Beaman; Journ. Arn. Arb. 42: 437 (1961)
Name: Potosi pinyon pine
Distribution: Mexico (Coahuila, Nuevo León)
79 MEX
Remarks: Subgen. Strobus, Sect. Parrya
Conservation Status: IUCN V/E
species :
Pinus dalatensis Ferré; Trav. Lab. For. Toulouse, Tome I. 6: Art. 4 (Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Toulouse, 95) 8 (1960)
Distribution: Vietnam; Laos
41 LAO VIE
Remarks: Subgen. Strobus, Sect. Quinquefolius
Conservation Status: IUCN E
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus wallichiana var. dalatensis (Ferré) Silba, Phytologia Mem., 7: 59 (1984)
variant :
var. anemophila (Businský) Aver.; Nordic J. Bot. 32(6): 793 (2014), et Turczaninowia 18(1): 13 (2015)
Distribution: Laos
41 LAO
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus anemophila Businský, Acta Pruhon. 96: 5 (-13, figs.) (2010)
variant :
var. bidoupensis Businský; Candollea, 54(1): 127 (1999)
Distribution: Vietnam (Bi Doup Mt.)
41 VIE
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus dalatensis ssp. bidoupensis (Businský) Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 16(1): 19 (2009)
variant :
var. procera (Businský) Aver.; Turczaninowia 18(1): 15 (2015)
Distribution: Vietnam; ?Laos
41 VIE
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus dalatensis ssp. procera Businský, Candollea, 54(1): 133 (1999)
species :
Pinus densata Mast.; Journ. L. Soc., Bot. 37: 416 (1906)
Name: Gaoshan pine
Distribution: China (S-Qinghai, W-Sichuan, NW-Yunnan); SE-Tibet
36 CHI TIB
Remarks: Subgen. Pinus, Sect. Pinus, Subsect. Pinus
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus densata ssp. tibetica Businský, Harvard Pap. Bot. 13(1): 12 (2008)
= Pinus densata ssp. wilsonii Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 16(1): 19 (2009)
= Pinus tabuliformis var. densata (Masters) Rehder, J. Arnold Arbor. 7: 23 (1926)
= Pinus sinensis var. densata (Masters) Shaw, Pl. Wilson. 2: 17 (1914)
species :
Pinus densiflora Siebold & Zucc.; Fl. Jap. 2: 22. t. 112 (1842)
Name: Japanese red pine
Distribution: China (Heilongjiang, NE-Jiangsu, SE-Jilin, Liaoning, E-Shandong, N-Shandong); North Korea; South Korea; Japan (S-Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu); Russian Far East (S-Ussuri)
31 RFE 36 CHI 38 JAP KOR NKO
Remarks: Subgen. Pinus, Sect. Pinus, Subsect. Pinus
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus densiflora f. aggregata Nakai, Fl. Kor. 2: 380 (1911)
= Pinus densiflora f. aurescens Uyeki, Bull. Agric. Forest. Coll. Suigen (Suwon) 1: 4 (1925)
= Pinus densiflora f. brevifolia (Liou & Z.Wang) Kitag., Neo-Lineam. Fl. Manshur.: 49 (1979)
= Pinus densiflora f. congesta Uyeki, Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 7: 17 (1938)
= Pinus densiflora f. erecta Uyeki, Bull. Soc. Dendrol. France 66: 49 (1928)
= Pinus densiflora f. liaotungensis (Liou & Z.Wang) Kitag., Neo-Lineam. Fl. Manshur.: 50 (1979)
= Pinus densiflora f. multicaulis Uyeki, Bull. Agric. Forest. Coll. Suigen (Suwon) 1: 4 (1925)
= Pinus densiflora f. nigricorticalis Q.L.Wang, Fl. Liaoningica, chief ed. S. X. Li, 1:, 152 (1988)
= Pinus densiflora f. pendula Mayr, Monogr. Abietin. Japan Reich. 91 (1890)
= Pinus densiflora f. sylvestriformis Taken., J. Jap. Forest. Soc. 24: 120 (1942)
= Pinus densiflora f. ussuriensis (Liou & Z.Wang) Kitag., Neo-Lineam. Fl. Manshur.: 50 (1979)
= Pinus densiflora f. vittata Uyeki, Bull. Agric. Forest. Coll. Suigen (Suwon) 1: 1 (1925)
= Pinus densiflora ssp. funebris (Kom.) Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 16(1): 19 (2009)
= Pinus densiflora ssp. takahasii (Nakai) Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 16(1): 38 (2009)
= Pinus densiflora ssp. zhangwuensis (S.J.Zhang, C.X.Li & X.Y.Yuan) Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 16(1): 38 (2009)
= Pinus densiflora var. albifolia Castillón ex Carrière, Rev. Hort. (Paris) 46: 272 (1874)
= Pinus densiflora var. aurea Mayr, Monogr. Abietin. Japan. Reich. 91 (1890)
= Pinus densiflora var. aureovariegata-pendula Mayr, Monogr. Abietin. Japan. Reich. 93 (1890)
= Pinus densiflora var. brevifolia Liou & Q.L.Wang, Ill. Fl. Ligneous Pl. N. E. China 98 (1955)
= Pinus densiflora var. funebris (Kom.) Liou & Q.L.Wang, Ill. Fl. Ligneous Pl. N. E. China 98 (1955)
= Pinus densiflora var. globosa Mayr, Monogr. Abietin. Japan. Reich. 91 (1890)
= Pinus densiflora var. liaotungensis Liou & Z.Wang, Ill. Fl. Ligneous Pl. N. E. China 548 (1955)
= Pinus densiflora var. oculus-draconis Mayr, Monogr. Abietin. Japan. Reich. 91 (1890)
= Pinus densiflora var. oculus-draconis-pendula Mayr, Monogr. Abietin. Japan. Reich. 91 (1890)
= Pinus densiflora var. pendula Mayr, Monogr. Abietin. Japan. Reich. 91 (1890)
= Pinus densiflora var. umbraculifera Mayr, Monogr. Abietin. Japan. Reich. 92 (1890)
= Pinus densiflora var. ussuriensis Liou & Z.Wang, (1958)
= Pinus densiflora var. zhangwuensis S.J.Zhang, C.X.Li & X.Y.Yuan, Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin 15(3): 338 (1995)
= Pinus funebris Kom., Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 20: 117 (1901)
= Pinus japonica Forb., Pinet. Woburn. 33 (1839)
= Pinus massoniana Hort. ex Mast., Journ. L. Soc. 18: 503 (1881)
= Pinus pinea Gordon, Pinet. ed. I. 179 (1858), partim
= Pinus rubra Sieber ex Gordon, Pinet. Suppl. 58 (1862)
= Pinus scopifera Miq., Zoll. Syst. Verz. Ind. Archip. 82 (1854)
= Pinus sylvestris ssp. densiflora (Siebold & Zucc.) Vorosch., A. K. Skvortsov (ed.), Florist. issl. v razn. raionakh SSSR: 146 (1985)
= Pinus takahasii Nakai, Tyosen Sanrin Kaiho No. 167: 32 (1939)
species :
Pinus devoniana Lindl.; Bot. Reg. (1839) Misc. 62
Distribution: Mexico (Aguascalientes, Chiapas, Colima, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Nuevo León, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Zacatecas); Guatemala; Costa Rica [I]
79 MEX 80 cos GUA
Remarks: Subgen. Pinus, Sect. Trifolius, Subsect. Ponderosae
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus devoniana ssp. nayaritana (Martínez) Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 16(1): 37 (2009)
= Pinus devoniana ssp. procera (Martínez) Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 16(1): 37 (2009)
= Pinus devoniana ssp. quevedoi (Martínez) Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 16(1): 20 (2009)
= Pinus devoniana ssp. tumida (Martínez) Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 16(1): 37 (2009)
= Pinus devoniana ssp. wincesteriana (Gordon) Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 16(1): 20 (2009)
= Pinus michoacana f. nayaritana Martínez, Pinos Mexic., ed. 2 266 (1948)
= Pinus michoacana f. procera Martínez, Pinos Mexic., ed. 2: 257 (1948)
= Pinus michoacana f. tumida Martínez, Pinos Mexic., ed. 2, 258, fig. (1948)
= Pinus michoacana Martínez, Anales Inst. Biol. Univ. Nac. México 15: 1 (1944)
= Pinus michoacana var. quevedoi Martínez, Anales Inst. Biol. Univ. Nac. México 15: 1 (1944)
= Pinus wincesteriana Gordon, Journ. Hort. Sec. 2: 158 (1847)
species :
Pinus douglasiana Martínez; Madrono, 7: 4 (1943)
Name: Douglas pine
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Chihuahua, Colima, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tlaxcala, Zacatecas)
79 MEX
Remarks: Subgen. Pinus, Sect. Trifolius, Subsect. Ponderosae
species :
Pinus durangensis Martínez; An. Inst. Biol., Mexico, 13: 23 (1942)
Name: Durango pine
Distribution: Mexico (Aguascalientes, Chihuahua, Colima, Durango, Guanajuato, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Nayarit, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Zacatecas)
79 MEX
Remarks: Subgen. Pinus, Sect. Trifolius, Subsect. Ponderosae
Conservation Status: IUCN R
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus douglasiana var. martinezii (Larson) Silba, Phytologia, 68(1): 49 (1990)
= Pinus durangensis f. quinquefoliata Martínez, (1948)
= Pinus durangensis ssp. martinezii (E.Larsen) Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 16(1): 20 (2009)
= Pinus durangensis ssp. quinquefoliata (Martínez) Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 16(1): 38 (2009)
= Pinus martinezii E.Larsen, Madrono, 17: 217 (1964)
species :
Pinus echinata Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. VIll. n. 12 (1768)
Name: Shortleaf pine
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, District of Columbia, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, West Virginia); Taiwan [I]; China [I] (Fujian [I], Jiangsu [I], Zhejiang [I])
36 chi 38 tai 74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Remarks: Subgen. Pinus, Sect. Trifolius, Subsect. Australes
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus lutea Lodd. ex Gordon, Pinet. 170 (1858)
= Pinus mitis Michx., Fl. Bor. Am. 2: 204 (1803)
= Pinus rigida Porcher, Resources S. St. 584 non Mill.
= Pinus royleana Jamieson ex Lindl., Journ. Hort. Soc. 9: 52 (1855)
= Pinus roylei Lindl. ex Gordon, Pinet. 170 (1858)
= Pinus variabilis Pursh, Fl. Am. Sept. 2: 643
species :
Pinus edulis Engelm.; Wisliz. Tour N. Mexico, 88 (1848)
Name: Twoneedle pinyon, Pinyon pine
Distribution: USA (Arizona, California, Colorado, New Mexico, Nevada, Oklahoma, Texas, Utah, Wyoming); Mexico (Chihuahua)
73 USA 74 USA 76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
Remarks: Subgen. Strobus, Sect. Parrya
Synonyms: hidden
= Caryopitys edulis (Engelm.) Small, Fl. S. E. U. S. 29 (1903)
= Pinus cembroides Gordon, Journ. Hort. Soc. 1: 236 (1846)
= Pinus cembroides ssp. edulis (Engelm.) A.E.Murray, Kalmia, 12: 22 (1982)
= Pinus cembroides var. edulis (Engelm.) Voss, Mitt. Deutsch. Dendrol. Ges. 1907: 95 (1908)
= Pinus fremontiana Gordon, Journ. Hort. Soc. 4: 293 (1849)
species :
Pinus elliottii Engelm.; Sarg., Cat. For. Trees, 74 (1880)
Name: Slash pine
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Texas); Taiwan [I]; China [I] (widespread [I]); South Africa [I] (Free State [I]); Fiji [I]
27 saf 36 chi 38 tai 60 fij 77 USA 78 USA
Remarks: Subgen. Pinus, Sect. Trifolius, Subsect. Australes
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus heterophylla (Elliott) Sudw., U. S. Dept. Agric. Bull. Forest. 17: 19 (1893), not K. Koch (1849)
= Pinus taeda var. heterophylla Elliott, Sketch Bot. S. Carolina (Elliott) 2: 636 (1824)
variant :
var. densa Little & K.W.Dorman; J. Forst. (Washington ) 50: 921 (1952)
Name: Florida slash pine
Distribution: USA (S-Florida)
78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus densa (Little & K.W.Dorman) de Laub. & Silba, Phytologia Mem., 7: 50 (1984)
= Pinus densa (Little & K.W.Dorman) Gaussen, Trav. Lab. For. Toulouse, Tome II. Sect. 1, 1: II. Fasc. 6, 52, clavi, 108(1960)
= Pinus densa var. austrokeyensis Silba, Phytologia, 68(1): 49 (1990), as ´austro-keysensis´
= Pinus elliottii ssp. austrokeyensis (Silba) Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 16(1): 21 (2009)
= Pinus elliottii ssp. densa (Little & Dorman) A.E.Murray, Kalmia, 12: 23 (1982)
species :
Pinus engelmannii Carrière; Rev. Hortic. (1854) 227, & Conif. ed. I. 356
Name: Apache pine
Distribution: SW-USA (SE-Arizona, SW-New Mexico); Mexico (Aguascalientes, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Jalisco, Nuevo León, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Zacatecas)
76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
Remarks: Subgen. Pinus, Sect. Trifolius, Subsect. Ponderosae
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus apacheca Lemmon, Erythea 2: 103, pl. 3 (1894)
= Pinus engelmannii ssp. blancoi (Martínez) Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 16(1): 21 (2009)
= Pinus engelmannii var. blancoi (Martínez) Martínez, Pinos Mexic. ed. 2: 288 (1948)
= Pinus latifolia H.Mayr, Gard. and For. 2: 496 (1889), cum xylogr., Beissn. Handb. Nadelkolzk. (1891) 259, Koehne, Deutsche Dendrol. 36 (1893)
= Pinus latifolia Sarg., Gard. & Forst 2: 496, f. 135 (1889)
= Pinus macrophylla Engelm., Wisliz. Tour N. Mexico, 103 (non Lindl. (1839))
= Pinus macrophylla var. blancoi Martínez, Anales Inst. Biol. Univ. Nac. México 14: 345 (1944)
= Pinus mayriana Sudw., Bull. Forst. Div. U. S. D. A. 14: 21 (1897)
= Pinus mayriana var. apacheca (Lemmon) Lemmon, Cone-bear. Trees Pacif. Slope, ed. 4: 112 (1900)
= Pinus ponderosa var. macrophylla (Engelm.) Shaw, Publ. Arnold Arbor. 24, pl. 17 (1909)
= Pinus ponderosa var. mayriana (Sudw.) Sarg., Silva (Sargent) 11: 81 (1897)
species :
Pinus fenzeliana Hand.-Mazz.; Österr. Bot. Zeitschr., 80: 337 (1931)
Distribution: Vietnam; China (Hainan, Guangxi, C-Guizhou, N-Guizhou, SE-Sichuan, S-Hunan)
36 CHI 41 VIE
Remarks: Subgen. Strobus, Sect. Quinquefolius
Conservation Status: IUCN V
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus armandii var. fenzeliana (Hand.-Mazz.) Eckenw., Conifers World 647 (2009)
= Pinus eremitana Businský, Willdenowia 34(1): 234 (2004)
= Pinus fenzeliana ssp. annamensis (Silba) Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 16(1): 21 (2009)
= Pinus fenzeliana ssp. kwangtungensis (Chun ex Tsiang) Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 16(1): 21 (2009)
= Pinus fenzeliana ssp. varifolia (Nan Li & Y.C.Zhong) Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 16(1): 38 (2009)
= Pinus fenzeliana var. annamensis Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc., 7(1): 30 (2000), as ´annamiensis´
= Pinus kwangtungensis Chun ex Tsiang, Sunyatsenia, 7: 113 (1948)
= Pinus kwangtungensis var. varifolia Nan Li & Y.C.Zhong, Novon 7: 262 (1997)
= Pinus orthophylla Businský, Willdenowia 34(1): 229 (2004)
= Pinus parviflora var. fenzeliana (Hand.-Mazz.) C.L.Wu, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 5(3): 143 (1956)
= Pinus parviflora var. kwangtungensis (Chun ex Tsiang) Eckenw., Conifers World 647 (2009)
= Pinus wangii ssp. kwangtungensis (Chun ex Tsiang) Businský, Acta Pruhoniciana, 68:11 (1999)
= Pinus wangii ssp. varifolia (Nan Li & Y.C.Zhong) Businský, Acta Pruhoniciana, 68: 11 (1999)
= Pinus wangii var. eremitana (Businský) Aver., Turczaninowia 18(1): 15 (2015)
= Pinus wangii var. kwangtungensis (Chun ex Tsiang) Silba, Phytologia, 68(1): 64 (1990)
= Pinus wangii var. varifolia (Nan Li & Y.C.Zhong) Aver., Turczaninowia 18(1): 15 (2015)
species :
Pinus flexilis E.James; Long´s Exped. 2: 27, 35 (1823)
Name: Limber pine
Distribution: USA (Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Mexico, Nevada, Oregon, South Dakota, Utah, Wyoming); Canada (Alberta, British Columbia); Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Nuevo León, San Luis Potosi, Tamaulipas)
71 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
Remarks: Subgen. Strobus, Sect. Quinquefolius
Synonyms: hidden
= Apinus flexilis (E.James) Rydb., Bull. Torr. Bot. Club, 598 (1905)
= Pinus cembra var. flexilis (E.James) F.Sanders, Gard. Chron. n. s., 2: 735 (1874)
= Pinus flexilis ssp. alpina (Silba) Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 16(1): 22 (2009)
= Pinus flexilis ssp. callahanii (Silba) Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 16(1): 22 (2009)
= Pinus flexilis var. alpina Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc., 7(1): 30 (2000)
= Pinus flexilis var. callahanii Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc., 7(1): 30 (2000)
= Pinus novaemexicana P.Landry, Phytologia 65: 479 (1989)
variant :
var. reflexa Engelm.; Rep. U. S. Geogr. Surv., Wheeler 6 (Botany): 258 (1878)
Distribution: USA (Arizona, New Mexico, SW-Texas); Mexico (Nuevo León, Chihuahua, Coahuila, NE-Sonora)
76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus ayacahuite var. strobiformis (Engelm.) Lemmon, (1892)
= Pinus flexilis ssp. reflexa (Engelm.) A.E.Murray, Kalmia, 12: 23 (1982)
= Pinus reflexa (Engelm.) Engelm., Coult. Bot. Gaz. 7: 4 (1882)
= Pinus strobiformis ssp. potosiensis (Silba) Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 16(1): 34 (2009)
= Pinus strobiformis var. potosiensis Silba, Phytologia, 68(1): 62 (1990)
= Pinus stylesii Frankis ex Businský, Acta Pruhon. 88: 6 (2008)
species :
Pinus georginae Pérez de la Rosa; Brittonia 61(1): 56 (2009)
Distribution: Mexico (Jalisco)
79 MEX
Remarks: provisionally accepted name, status unconfirmed
species :
Pinus gerardiana Wall. ex D.Don; Lamb., Gen. Pin. ed. II(3): 151 (1832)
Distribution: E-Afghanistan (Kunar / Nuristan, Paktia / Khost, Parwan); S-Tibet; N-India (Jammu & Kashmir, etc.); N-Pakistan
34 AFG 36 TIB 40 IND PAK
Remarks: Subgen. Strobus, Sect. Quinquefolius
Conservation Status: IUCN R
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus gerardi Forbes, Hort. Woburn. 210
= Pinus aucklandii Lodd. ex Gordon, Pinet. 195 (1858)
= Pinus chilghoza Elphick ex Knight, Syn. Conif. 30 (1847)
= Pinus neosa Govan ex W.Baxter, Loudon Hort. Brit. Suppl. 2: 658 (1839)
species :
Pinus glabra Walter; Fl. Carol. 237 (1788)
Name: Spruce pine
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, South Carolina)
78 USA
species :
Pinus greggii Engelm. ex Parl.; DC. Prod. 16: II. 396 (1868)
Name: Gregg´s pine
Distribution: Mexico (Coahuila, Nuevo León, San Luis Potosi)
79 MEX
Remarks: Subgen. Pinus, Sect. Trifolius, Subsect. Australes
Conservation Status: IUCN R
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus pseudopatula Hort. ex Bois, Bull. Soc. Nat. d´Acclim. France, 60: 140, obs., nomen, ex Robertson in Empire For. Journ. (1934), 13: 256, obs. (1913) (pro syn.)
variant :
var. australis Donahue & Lopez Upton; Sida, 18(4): 1092 (1999)
Distribution: Mexico (Queretaro, Hidalgo, N-Puebla)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus greggii ssp. australis (Donahue & Lopez Upton) Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 16(1): 22 (2009)
species :
Pinus halepensis Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. 8: n 8. (1768)
Name: Aleppo pine (EN), Aleppo-Kiefer (DE); Pino carrasco (ES)
Distribution: Malta [I]; Spain; Gibraltar; Portugal [I]; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Sicily; Italy; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Macedonia; Slovenia; Croatia; Montenegro; Albania; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (Anatolia); Lebanon; Syria; Israel; Jordania; Cyprus [I]; Libya; Tunisia; Algeria; Morocco; Iran; Canary Isl. (Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera); USA [I] (California [I]); Mexico [c]; Australia [I] (South Australia [I], Queensland [I]); Taiwan [I]; South Africa [I]; New Zealand [I]
12 COR FRA GIB por SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH CRO GRC ITA KRI mlt MNT NMA SIC SLV 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN 21 CNY 27 saf 34 cyp EAI IRN ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR 38 tai 50 aus 51 nzl 76 usa 79 mex
Remarks: Subgen. Pinus, Sect. Pinus, Subsect. Pinaster
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus abasica Hort. ex Carrière, Conif. ed. I. 352 (1855)
= Pinus abchasica Carrière, Traité Gén. Conif. 352 (1855)
= Pinus arabica Sieber ex Spreng., Syst. 3: 886 (1826)
= Pinus australis Hort.Berol. ex Steud., Nom. ed. II. 2: 237 (1841)
= Pinus cairica D.Don ex Gordon, Pinet. 166 (1858)
= Pinus colchica Booth ex Gordon, Pinet. 166 (1858)
= Pinus genuensis Cook, Sketch. Spain, 2: 236
= Pinus halepensis var. abasica (hort. ex Carrière) Carrière, Traité Gén. Conif. ed. 2, 1: 507 (1867)
= Pinus halepensis var. genuensis (Cook) Antoine, Coniferen 2 (1840)
= Pinus halepensis var. maritima DC., Fl. Franc. éd. 3, 6: 335 (1815)
= Pinus halepensis var. minor Antoine, Coniferen 2 (1840)
= Pinus halepensis var. pendula P.P.Ferrer & R.Ferrer, Bouteloua 19: 200 (2014)
= Pinus hierosolimitana Duhamel, Arbr. 2: 126
= Pinus maritima Mill., Gard. Dict. ed. VIII, u. 7 (1768)
= Pinus minor Hort. ex Loudon, Hort. Brit. Suppl. 2: 657 (1839)
= Pinus sylvestris Gouan, Fl. Monsp. 418 (1764) non L.
= Pinus tatarica Hort. ex K.Koch, Dendrol. 2: II. 289 (1873)
variant :
var. ceciliae (Llorens & L.Llorens) L.Llorens; Mediterranea, 3: 116 (1979) ex Rosselló, Cubas & N. Torres, Candollea, 47(1): 67 (1992)
Name: Baleares pine
Distribution: Baleares
12 BAL
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus ceciliae Llorens & L.Llorens, Bol. Soc. Hist. Nat. Baleares 17: 51 (1972)
= Pinus halepensis ssp. ceciliae (Llorens & L.Llorens) Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 16(1): 22 (2009)
species :
Pinus hartwegii Lindl.; Bot. Reg. Misc. 62 (1839)
Distribution: Mexico (Aguascalientes, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Colima, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Nuevo León, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Tamaulipas, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Zacatecas); Guatemala; Honduras; El Salvador
79 MEX 80 ELS GUA HON
Remarks: Subgen. Pinus, Sect. Trifolius, Subsect. Ponderosae
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus aculcensis Roezl, Cat. Sem. Conif. Mexico. 30 (1857)
= Pinus amecaensis Roezl, Cat. Sem. Conif. Mexico. 30 (1857)
= Pinus atrovirens Roezl ex Gordon, Pinet. Suppl. 71 (1862)
= Pinus clamaensis Carrière, Conif. ed. II. 585 (1867)
= Pinus corrugata Roezl ex Gordon, Pinet. Suppl. 74 (1862)
= Pinus donnell-smithii Mast., Bot. Gaz. 16: 199 (1891)
= Pinus ehrenbergii Endl., Syn. Conif. 151 (1847)
= Pinus endlicheriana Roezl, Cat. Sem. Conif. Mexico. 19 (1857)
= Pinus frondosa Roezl ex Gordon, Pinet. Suppl. 76 (1862)
= Pinus geitneri Roezl, Pinet. Suppl. 76 (1862)
= Pinus hartwegii ssp. donnell-smithii (Mast.) Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 16(1): 23 (2009)
= Pinus hartwegii ssp. rudis (Endl.) Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 16(1): 23 (2009)
= Pinus hartwegii var. rudis (Endl.) Silba, Phytologia, 68(1): 50 (1990)
= Pinus iztacihuatlii Roezl, Cat. Sem. Conif. Mexico. 30 (1857)
= Pinus krelagi Roezl ex Gordon, Pinet. Suppl. 78 (1862)
= Pinus longifolia Roezl ex Hemsl., Biol. Centr. Am. Bot. 3: 187 (1882)
= Pinus lowii Roezl, Cat. Sem. Conif. Mexico. 18 (1857)
= Pinus montezumae Gordon, Pinet. 232 (1862)
= Pinus montezumae ssp. hartwegii (Lindl.) Engelm., Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 4: 177 (1880)
= Pinus montezumae var. hartwegii (Lindl.) Shaw, Publ. Arnold Arbor. 1: 23 (1909)
= Pinus papeleui Roezl, Cat. Sem. Conif. Mexico. 31 (1857)
= Pinus resinosa Roezl, Cat. Sem. Conif. Mexico. 30 (1857)
= Pinus robusta Roezl, Cat. Sem. Conif. Mexico. 19 (1857)
= Pinus roezlii Carrière, Conif. ed. II. 575 (1867)
= Pinus rudis Endl., Syn. Conif. 151 (1847)
= Pinus scoparia Roezl, Cat. Sem. Conif. Mexico. 30 (1857)
= Pinus stendishii Roezl, Cat. Sem. Conif. Mexico. 30 (1857)
= Pinus suffruticosa Roezl ex Gordon, Pinet. Suppl. 84 (1862)
= Pinus tlamacaensis Roezl ex Gordon, Pinet. Suppl. 85 (1862)
species :
Pinus heldreichii Christ; Verh. Naturf. Ges. Basel 3: 549 (1863)
Name: Heldreich´s pine (EN), Heldreich-Kiefer (DE)
Distribution: Croatia; Macedonia; Serbia & Kosovo; Montenegro; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Albania; Bulgaria; Greece
13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC MNT NMA SRB
Remarks: Subgen. Pinus, Sect. Pinus, Subsect. Pinaster
Conservation Status: IUCN V
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus heldreichii f. vivipara Tucovic & Stilinovic, Naucni Skup. Srpske Akad. Nauk. i Umetnosti, 1: 5 (1974)
= Pinus heldreichii var. pancicii Fukarek, God. Biol. Inst. Sarajevu 4(1): 41 (1951)
= Pinus laricio var. heldreichii (Christ) Mast., Gard. Chron. ser. 3, 31: 304 (1902)
variant :
var. leucodermis (Antoine) Markgr. ex Fitschen; Handb. Nadelholzkd. ed. 3: 404 (1930)
Distribution: S-Italy
13 ITA
Conservation Status: IUCN R
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus heldreichii ssp. leucodermis (Antoine) A.E.Murray, Kalmia, 13: 23 (1983)
= Pinus laricio var. leucodermis (Antoine) Christ, Flora 50: 81 (1867)
= Pinus leucodermis Antoine, Österr. Bot. Z. 14: 366 (1864)
= Pinus nigra var. leucodermis (Antoine) Rehder, Stand. Cycl. Hort. 2641 (1916)
species :
Pinus henryi Mast.; Journ. L. Soc. 26: 550 (1902)
Distribution: China (Chongqing, Hubei, Hunan, Shaanxi, Sichuan)
36 CHI
Remarks: Subgen. Pinus, Sect. Pinus, Subsect. Pinus
Conservation Status: IUCN R
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus henryi ssp. averyanovii Businský, Phyton (Horn) 56(2): 139 (2016)
= Pinus massoniana ssp. wulingensis (C.J.Qi & Q.Z.Lin) Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 16(1): 26 (2009)
= Pinus massoniana var. henryi (Masters) C.L.Wu, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 5(3): 153 (1956)
= Pinus massoniana var. wulingensis C.J.Qi & Q.Z.Lin, Bull. Bot. Res. North-East. Forest. Inst., 8(3): 143 (1988)
= Pinus tabuliformis ssp. henryi (Mast.) Businský, Acta Pruhon. 68: 26 (1999)
= Pinus tabuliformis var. henryi (Mast.) C.T.Kuan, Fl. Sichuanica, 2: 113 (1983)
species :
Pinus herrerae Martínez; An. Inst. Biol., Mexico, 11: 76 (1940)
Name: Herrera´s pine
Distribution: Mexico (Chihuahua, Colima, Durango, Guerrero, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Oaxaca, Sinaloa, Sonora)
79 MEX
Remarks: Subgen. Pinus, Sect. Trifolius, Subsect. Oocarpae
Conservation Status: IUCN R
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus teocote var. herrerae (Martínez) Silba, Phytologia, 68(1): 63 (1990)
species :
Pinus hwangshanensis W.Y.Hsia; Contr. Inst. Bot. Natl. Acad. Peiping 4: 155 (1936)
Name: Huang Shan pine
Distribution: China (Anhui, Fujian, C-Guangxi, Guizhou, S-Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, SE-Yunnan, Zhejiang)
36 CHI
Remarks: Subgen. Pinus, Sect. Pinus, Subsect. Pinus
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus hwangshanensis ssp. transfluminea Businský, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 125(1): 7 (2003)
= Pinus luchuensis ssp. hwangshanensis (W.Y.Hsia) D.Z.Li, Edinburgh J. Bot., 54(3): 341 (1997)
= Pinus luchuensis ssp. shenkanensis (Silba) Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 16(1): 25 (2009)
= Pinus luchuensis var. hwangshanensis (W.Y.Hsia) C.L.Wu, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 5(3): 158 (1956)
= Pinus luchunensis var. shenkanensis Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc., 6(1): 26 (1999)
= Pinus taiwanensis ssp. damingshanensis (C.Y.Cheng, W.C.Cheng & L.K.Fu) Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 16(1): 35 (2009)
= Pinus taiwanensis var. damingshanensis C.Y.Cheng, W.C.Cheng & L.K.Fu, Acta Phytotax. Sin., 13(4): 85 (1975)
species :
Pinus jaliscana Pérez de la Rosa; Phytologia, 54(5): 290 (1983)
Name: Jalisco pine
Distribution: Mexico (Jalisco)
79 MEX
Remarks: Subgen. Pinus, Sect. Trifolius, Subsect. Oocarpae
Conservation Status: IUCN V
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus jaliscana ssp. macvaughii (Carvajal) Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 16(1): 23 (2009)
= Pinus macvaughii Carvajal, Phytologia, 59(2): 139 (1986)
= Pinus oocarpa var. macvaughii (Carvajal) Silba, Phytologia, 68(1): 57 (1990)
= Pinus patula var. jaliscana (Pérez de la Rosa) Silba, Phytologia, 58(6): 368 (1985)
species :
Pinus jeffreyi Balf.; Bot. Exped. Oreg. 2. cum tab., et ex A. Murray bis, Edinb. N. Phil. Journ. 11: 224 (1860)
Name: Jeffrey pine
Distribution: W-USA (SW-Oregon, N-California, W-Nevada); Mexico (Baja California Norte)
73 USA 76 USA 79 MEX
Remarks: Subgen. Pinus, Sect. Trifolius, Subsect. Ponderosae
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus deflexa Torr., Emory, Bot. Mex. Bound. 209 (1858)
= Pinus jeffreyana Loudon, Encyc. Pl. 2: 1544
= Pinus jeffreyi ssp. baja-californica (Silba) Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 16(1): 24 (2009)
= Pinus jeffreyi var. baja-californica Silba, Phytologia, 68(1): 52 (1990)
= Pinus jeffreyi var. deflexa (Torr.) Lemmon, Bienn. Rep. Calif. State Board Forest. 2: 74, 100 (1888)
= Pinus jeffreyi var. nigricans Lemmon, Bienn. Rep. Calif. State Board Forest. 2: 74, 100 (1888)
= Pinus ponderosa ssp. jeffreyi (Balf.) A.E.Murray, Kalmia, 12: 23 (1982)
= Pinus ponderosa var. jeffreyi (Balf.) Vasey, (1876)
species :
Pinus kesiya Royle ex Gordon; Loudon Gard. Mag. 16: 8 (1840)
Distribution: SE-Tibet; China [I] (Yunnan [I]); NE-India (Khasia Hills, Assam); Thailand [I]; Vietnam [I]; Laos [I]; Bhutan [I]; Bangladesh; Cambodia [I]; Myanmar (Bago, Chin, Kachin, Mandalay, Sagaing, Shan); Cameroon [I]
23 cmn 36 chi TIB 40 BAN bhu IND 41 cbd lao MYA tha vie
Remarks: Subgen. Pinus, Sect. Pinus, Subsect. Pinus
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus cavendishiana Hort. ex Carrière, Conif. ed. II. 429 (1867)
= Pinus cavendishiana Hort. ex Parl., DC. Prod. 16: II. 390 (1868)
= Pinus insularis var. khasyana (Griffiths) Silba, Phytologia, 68(1): 51 (1990)
= Pinus kasya Parl., DC. Prod. 16: II. 390 (1868)
= Pinus kasya Royle ex Parl., DC. Prodr. 16: II. 390 (1868)
= Pinus kesiya ssp. szemaoensis Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. Revised version 16(1): 52 (51)
= Pinus khasia Engelm., Trans. Acad. Sc. St. Louis, 4: 179 (1880)
= Pinus khasya Royle ex Gordon, Loudon Gard. Mag. 16: 8 (Kesuja) (1840)
= Pinus sinensis Lamb., Descr. Pinus [Lambert] 3: t. 2
= Pinus taeda Blanco, Fl. Filip. ed. I. 767 (1837) non L.
= Pinus timoriensis Loudon, Arboret. Brit. 4: 2269
variant :
var. langbianensis (A.Chev.) Gaussen ex Bui; Adansonia sér. 2, 2: 338 (1962)
Distribution: Myanmar (Mandalay, Shan); Philippines (Luzon); Laos; Vietnam; China (S-Yunnan)
36 CHI 41 LAO MYA VIE 42 PHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus insularis Endl., Syn. Conif. 157 (1847)
= Pinus insularis var. langbianensis (A.Chev.) Silba, Phytologia, 68(1): 51 (1990)
= Pinus kesiya ssp. insularis (Endl.) D.Z.Li, Edinburgh J. Bot., 54(3): 346 (1997)
= Pinus kesiya ssp. langbianensis (A.Chev.) Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 16(1): 24 (2009)
= Pinus khasyana Griff., Notul. 4: 18 (1854)
= Pinus langbianensis A.Chev., Rev. Bot. Appliq. 24: 25 (1944)
species :
Pinus koraiensis Siebold & Zucc.; Fl. Jap. 2: 28. t. 116 (1842)
Name: Korean cedar (EN), Korea-Kiefer (DE)
Distribution: Russian Far East (Amur, Ussuri, Kamchatka); North Korea; South Korea; China (Heilongjiang, Jilin); C-Japan; Taiwan [I]
31 RFE 36 CHI 38 JAP KOR NKO tai
Remarks: Subgen. Strobus, Sect. Quinquefolius
Synonyms: hidden
= Apinus koraiensis (Siebold & Zucc.) Moldenke, Phytologia, 4: 125 (1952)
= Pinus cembra var. excelsa Maxim. ex Rupr., Mem. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.-Petersbourg, Ser. 6, Sci. Math., Seconde Pt. Sci. Nat. 15: 141 (1857)
= Pinus cembra var. mandschurica (Rupr.) Carrière, Traité Gén. Conif., ed. 2 390 (1867)
= Pinus koraiensis ssp. prokoraiensis (Y.T.Zhao, J.M.Lu & A.G.Gu) Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 16(1): 24 (2009)
= Pinus mandshurica Rupr., Bull. Phys.-Math. Acad. Petersb. 15: 382 (1857)
= Pinus prokoraiensis Y.T.Zhao, J.M.Lu & A.G.Gu, Bull. Bot. Res. North-East. Forest. Inst., 10(4): 69 (1990)
= Strobus koraiensis (Siebold & Zucc.) Moldenke, Rev. Sudamer. Bot. 6: 30 (1939)
species :
Pinus krempfii Lecomte; Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris, 27: 191 (1921)
Name: Krempf´s pine
Distribution: S-Vietnam
41 VIE
Remarks: Subgen. Strobus, Sect. Quinquefolius
Conservation Status: IUCN E
Synonyms: hidden
= Ducampopinus krempfii (Lecomte) A.Chev., Rev. Bot. Appliq. 24: 31 (1944)
= Pinus krempfii var. poilanei Lecomte, Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. 20: 325 (1924)
species :
Pinus lambertiana Douglas; Trans. L. Soc. 15: 500 (1827)
Name: Sugar pine
Distribution: W-USA (S-Oregon, W-Nevada, S-California); Mexico (Baja California Norte)
73 USA 76 USA 79 MEX
Remarks: Subgen. Strobus, Sect. Quinquefolius
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus lambertiana Douglas ex Taylor & Philips, Phil. Mag. n. s. 2: 449 (1827)
= Pinus lambertiana ssp. martirensis (Silba) Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 16(1): 24 (2009)
= Pinus lambertiana var. brevifolia Hook., Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 162 (1838)
= Pinus lambertiana var. martirensis Silba, Phytologia, 68(1): 52 (1990)
= Pinus lambertiana var. minor Lemmon, Bienn. Rep. Calif. State Board Forest. 2: 70 (1888)
= Strobus lambertiana (Douglas) Moldenke, Phytologia, 4: 128 (1952)
species :
Pinus latteri Mason; Journ. As. Soc. Beng. (1849) I. 74
Name: Tenasserim pine
Distribution: Thailand; Laos; Vietnam; Cambodia; Myanmar (Kayah, Mon, Shan, Taninthayi); Borneo; China (Hainan [I], SW-Guangdong, S-Guangxi); Taiwan [I]
36 CHI 38 tai 41 CBD LAO MYA THA VIE 42 BOR
Remarks: Subgen. Pinus, Sect. Pinus, Subsect. Pinaster. Includes the mainland Asian populations of "P. merkusii"
Conservation Status: IUCN R
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus ikedae Y.Yamam., Contrib. Fl. Hainan., 1: 20, t. 1 (1943)
= Pinus latteri ssp. tonkinensis (A.Chev.) Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 16(1): 25 (2009)
= Pinus merkusiana Cooling & Gaussen, Trav. Lab. For. Toulouse, Tome I. 8: Art. VII. 5 (1970), designat. typi omissa
= Pinus merkusii ssp. latteri (Mason) D.Z.Li, Edinburgh Bot., 54(3): 346 (1997)
= Pinus merkusii var. latteri (Mason) Silba, Phytologia, 68(1): 53 (1990)
= Pinus merkusii var. tonkinensis (A.Chev.) Gaussen ex Bui, Adansonia n. s., 2: 336 (1962)
= Pinus tonkinensis A.Chev., Rev. Bot. Appliq. 24: 29 (1944)
species :
Pinus lawsonii Roezl ex Gordon; Pinet. Suppl. 64 (1862)
Name: Lawson´s pine
Distribution: Mexico (Ciudad de Mexico, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Veracruz)
79 MEX
Remarks: Subgen. Pinus, Sect. Trifolius, Subsect. Oocarpae
Conservation Status: IUCN R
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus lawsonii var. gracilis Debreczy & I.Rácz, Phytologia, 78(4): 238 (1995)
= Pinus lawsonii ssp. gracilis (Debreczy & I.Rácz) Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 16(1): 25 (2009)
species :
Pinus leiophylla Schltdl. & Cham.; Linnaea 6(2): 354 (1831)
Distribution: Mexico (Aguascalientes, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Colima, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Zacatecas)
79 MEX
Remarks: Subgen. Pinus, Sect. Trifolius, Subsect. Leiophyllae
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus cedrus Roezl, Cat. Sem. Conif. Mexico. 23 (1857)
= Pinus comonfortii Roezl, Cat. Sem. Conif. Mexico. 22 (1857)
= Pinus comonfortii var. gracilis (Roezl) Carrière, Traité Gén. Conif. ed. 2, 2: 565 (1867)
= Pinus comonfortii var. lerdoi (Roezl) Carrière, Traité Gén. Conif. ed. 2, 2: 567 (1867)
= Pinus comonfortii var. monte-alleggri (Roezl) Carrière, Traité Gén. Conif. ed. 2, 2: 566 (1867)
= Pinus decandolleana Roezl, Cat. Sem. Conif. Mexico. 22 (1857)
= Pinus decandolleana var. dependens (Roezl) Carrière, Traité Gén. Conif. ed. 2, 2: 569 (1867)
= Pinus decandolleana var. ehrenbergii (Endl.) Carrière, Traité Gén. Conif. ed. 2, 2: 570 (1867)
= Pinus decandolleana var. verrucosa (Roezl) Carrière, Traité Gén. Conif. ed. 2, 2: 570 (1867)
= Pinus dependens Roezl, Cat. Sem. Conif. Mexico. 23 (1857)
= Pinus ehrenbergii Roezl, Cat. Sem. Conif. Mexico. 21 (1857)
= Pinus gracilis Roezl, Cat. Sem. Hort. Conif. Mexico. 21 (1857)
= Pinus huisquilucaensis Roezl, Cat. Sem. Conif. Mexico. 22 (1857)
= Pinus lerdoi Roezl, Cat. Sem. Conif. Mexico. 23 (1857)
= Pinus lumholtzii var. microphylla Carvajal, Phytologia, 59(2): 135 (1986)
= Pinus monti-alleggri Roezl, Cat. Sem. Conif. Mexico. 22 (1857)
= Pinus ocotechino Roezl ex Parl., DC. Prod. 16: II. 401 (1868)
= Pinus verrucosa Roezl, Cat. Sem. Conif. Mexico. 22 (1857)
variant :
var. chihuahuana (Engelm.) Shaw; Publ. Arnold Arbor. 14, pl. 7 (1909)
Name: Chihuahuan pine
Distribution: SW-USA (SE-Arizona, SW-New Mexico); Mexico (Sierra Madre Occidental, Chihuahua, Durango, Sinaloa, Jalisco, Nayarit, Sonora, Zacatecas, Aguascalientes)
76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
Conservation Status: IUCN R
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus leiophylla ssp. chihuahuana (Engelm.) A.E.Murray, Kalmia, 12: 23 (1982)
= Pinus chihuahuana Engelm., Wisliz. Tour N. Mexico, 103 (1848)
species :
Pinus longaeva D.K.Bailey; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 57(2): 243 (1971)
Name: Great Basin bristlecone pine
Distribution: W-USA (E-California, Nevada, Utah)
76 USA
Remarks: Subgen. Strobus, Sect. Parrya
Conservation Status: IUCN R
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus aristata ssp. longaeva (D.K.Bailey) A.E.Murray, Kalmia, 13: 21 (1983)
= Pinus aristata var. longaeva (D.K.Bailey) Little, Phytologia, 42(3): 221 (1979)
= Pinus balfouriana ssp. longaeva (D.K.Bailey) A.E.Murray, Kalmia, 12: 23 (1982)
species :
Pinus luchuensis Mayr; Bot. Centralbl. 58: 149 (1894), Fremdl. Wald-u. Parkbaume Eur. 344
Name: Luchu pine, Okinawa pine
Distribution: Ryukyu Isl. (Sakishima-shoto, Okinawa-shoto, Amami-shoto, Tokara-shoto); Bonin Isl. [I] (Chichijima Isl. [I]); Guam [I]
38 NNS oga 62 gum
Remarks: Subgen. Pinus, Sect. Pinus, Subsect. Pinus
Conservation Status: IUCN R
species :
Pinus lumholtzii B.L.Rob. & Fernald; Proc. Am. Acad. 30: 122 (1895)
Name: Lumholtz´s pine
Distribution: Mexico (Aguascalientes, Chihuahua, Colima, Durango, Guanajuato, Jalisco, Michoacan, Nayarit, Queretaro, Sinaloa, Sonora, Zacatecas)
79 MEX
Remarks: Subgen. Pinus, Sect. Trifolius, Subsect. Leiophyllae
Conservation Status: IUCN R
species :
Pinus luzmariae Pérez de la Rosa; Bol. Inst. Bot. (Guadalajara), 5(1-3): 127 (1998), nom. nov.
Distribution: Mexico (Durango, Jalisco, Nayarit, Sinaloa, Zacatecas); Honduras
79 MEX 80 HON
Conservation Status: IUCN R
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus oocarpa var. trifoliata Martínez, Pinos mex. ed. 2: 308 (1948)
species :
Pinus maghrebiana (Villar) Rivas Mart., Molero Mesa, Marfíl & G.Benítez; Naturalia Cantabricae 8 Esp.(3): 120 (2020)
Distribution: Morocco (Atlas)
20 MOR
Remarks: Subgen. Pinus, Sect. Pinus, Subsect. Pinaster
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus pinaster var. maghrebiana Villar, Types Sol Afr. Nord. 1: 84 (1947)
species :
Pinus massoniana D.Don; Lamb. Pin. ed. II. 2: 16. t. 8 (1803)
Name: Masson´s pine, Chinese red pine
Distribution: China (Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, W-Henan, Hubei, Hunan, S-Jiangsu, Jiangxi, SE-Shaanxi, Sichuan, E-Yunnan, Zhejiang); Taiwan
36 CHI 38 TAI
Remarks: Subgen. Pinus, Sect. Pinus, Subsect. Pinus
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinea massoniana (D.Don) Opiz, Okon. Neuigk. Verhandl., 526 (1839)
= Pinus crassicorticea Y.C.Zhong & H.X.Huang, Guihaia, 10(4): 287 (1990)
= Pinus massoniana var. planiceps A.Murray bis ex Mast., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 26: 551 (1902)
= Pinus massoniana var. shaxianensis D.X.Zhou, Bull. Bot. Res. North-East. Forest. Inst., 11(3): 41 (1991)
= Pinus rubra Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd. Bat. 3: 166
= Pinus sylvestris Lour., Fl. Cochinch. 579 (1790) non L.
variant :
var. hainanensis C.Y.Cheng, W.C.Cheng & L.K.Fu; Acta Phytotax. Sin., 13(4): 85 (1975)
Distribution: China (Hainan)
36 CHI
Conservation Status: IUCN E
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus massoniana ssp. hainanensis (W.C.Cheng & L.K.Fu) Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 16(1): 26 (2009)
species :
Pinus maximartinezii Rzed.; Ciencia, Mexico, 23: 17 (1964)
Name: Martínez pinyon
Distribution: Mexico (Durango, Jalisco, Zacatecas)
79 MEX
Remarks: Subgen. Strobus, Sect. Parrya
Conservation Status: IUCN E
species :
Pinus maximinoi H.E.Moore; Baileya, 14: 8 (1966), nom. cons.
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Chihuahua, Colima, Durango, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Puebla, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tlaxcala, Veracruz); Guatemala; Nicaragua; Honduras
79 MEX 80 GUA HON NIC
Remarks: Subgen. Pinus, Sect. Trifolius, Subsect. Ponderosae
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus douglasiana var. maximinoi (H.E.Moore) Silba, Phytologia, 68(1): 50 (1990)
= Pinus escandoniana Roezl, Cat. Sem. Hort. Conif. Mexico. 24 (1857)
= Pinus hoseriana Roezl, Cat. Sem. Conif. Mexico. 24 (1857)
= Pinus tenuifolia Benth., Pl. Hartw. 92 (1842) non Salib. (1796)
= Pinus tzompoliana Roezl, Cat. Sem. Conif. Mexico. 24 (1857)
species :
Pinus merkusii Jungh. & de Vriese; Pl. Nov. Ind. Bat. Or. 5. t. 2 (1845)
Name: Merkus´s pine, Mindoro pine
Distribution: N-Sumatra; Philippines (Mindoro, Luzon); ?Sulawesi; ?Borneo
42 PHI SUM
Remarks: Subgen. Pinus, Sect. Pinus, Subsect. Pinaster. Mainland Asian populations belong to P. latteri
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus finlaysoniana Wall., Numer. List no. 6062 ex Blume, Rumphia 3: 210 (1847), nom. illeg.
= Pinus merkiana Gordon, Pinet., ed. II. 448 (1875) (Index)
= Pinus sumatrana Hort. ex Mirb., Mem. Mus. Par. 13: 69 (1825)
= Pinus sylvestris Herb., Finlays. ex Lour. Fl. Cochinch. ed. Willd. 709 (1793) non L.
= Pinus merkusii ssp. ustulata Businský, Acta Pruhon. 88: 7 (fig. 28 C-D & photos 20, 35-36 (2008)
= Pinus ustulata (Businský) Businský, Phyton (Horn) 54(1): 6 (2014)
species :
Pinus monophylla Torr. & Frém.; Rep. 319. t. 4. 319 t. 4 (1845)
Name: Singleleaf Pinyon pine
Distribution: USA (Idaho, Utah, Nevada, Arizona, California); Mexico (Baja California Norte)
73 USA 76 USA 79 MEX
Remarks: Subgen. Strobus, Sect. Parrya
Synonyms: hidden
= Caryopitys monophylla (Torr. & Frém.) Rydb., Bull. Torr. Bot. Club, 597 (1905)
= Pinus californianum D.K.Bailey, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh, 44(2): 278 (1987)
= Pinus californiarum ssp. fallax (Little) D.K.Bailey, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh, 44(2): 279 (1987)
= Pinus cembroides ssp. monophylla (Torr. & Frem.) A.E.Murray, Kalmia, 12: 22 (1982)
= Pinus cembroides var. monophylla (Torr. & Frém.) Voss, Mitt. Deutsch. Dendrol. Ges. 1907: 95 (1908)
= Pinus edulis var. fallax Little, Phytologia 17: 331 (1968)
= Pinus edulis var. monophylla (Torr. & Frém.) Torr., Rep. Colorado R. 28 (1860)
= Pinus fremontiana Endl., Syn. Conif. 183 (1847)
= Pinus monophylla ssp. californiarum (D.K.Bailey) Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 16(1): 26 (2009)
= Pinus monophylla ssp. californiarum (D.K.Bailey) Zavarin, II Simposio Nacional Pinos Piñoneros (1987) (comp. M.-F. Passini & al.): 37 (1988) (without basionym page)
= Pinus monophylla ssp. fallax (Little) Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 16(1): 27 (2009)
= Pinus monophylla ssp. fallax (Little) Zavarin, II Simposio Nacional Pinos Piñoneros (1987)(comp. M.-F. Passini & al.): 37 (1988), with incorrect basionym ref.
= Pinus monophylla var. californiarum (Bailey) Silba, Phytologia, 68(1): 54 (1990)
= Pinus monophylla var. fallax (Little) Silba, Phytologia, 68(1): 54 (1990)
= Pinus ×fallax (Little) Businský, Acta Pruhon. 88:11:00
species :
Pinus montezumae Lamb.; Gen. Pin. ed. I. 3: 149. t. 64 (1803)
Name: Montezuma pine
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Colima, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Nuevo León, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Zacatecas); Guatemala; Bolivia [c]
79 MEX 80 GUA 83 bol
Remarks: Subgen. Pinus, Sect. Trifolius, Subsect. Ponderosae
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus aztecaensis Roezl, Cat. Sem. Conif. Mexico. 26 (1857)
= Pinus backhousiana Roezl ex Gordon, Pinet. Suppl. 72 (1862)
= Pinus boothiana Roezl ex Gordon, Pinet. Suppl. 72 (1862)
= Pinus bothiana Roezl, Cat. Conif. Mexico. 12 (1857)
= Pinus boucheiana Roezl, Cat. Conif. Mexico. 12 (1857)
= Pinus bullata Roezl, Cat. Sem. Conif. Mexico. 16 (1857)
= Pinus carrierei Roezl, Cat. Sem. Conif. Mexico. 18 (1857)
= Pinus chalmaensis Roezl ex Gordon, Pinet. Suppl. 73 (1862)
= Pinus coarctata Roezl, Cat. Sem. Conif. Mexico. 16 (1857)
= Pinus cornea Roezl ex Gordon, Pinet. Suppl. 74 (1862)
= Pinus decaincana Roezl, Cat. Sem. Conif. Mexico. 19 (1857)
= Pinus depauperata Roezl ex Gordon, Pinet. Suppl. 74 (1862)
= Pinus doelleriana Roezl, Cat. Sem. Conif. Mexico. 14 (1857)
= Pinus elegans Roezl, Cat. Sem. Conif. Mexico. 12 (1857)
= Pinus grandis Roezl, Cat. Sem. Conif. Mexico. 11 (1857)
= Pinus grandis var. carrierei (Roezl) Carrière, Traité Gén. Conif. ed. 2, 2: 533 (1867)
= Pinus grenvilleae Gordon, Journ. Hort. Soc. 2: 77 (1847)
= Pinus haageana Roezl, Cat. Sem. Conif. Mexico. 15 (1857)
= Pinus hendersonii Roezl, Cat. Sem. Conif. Mexico. 15 (1857)
= Pinus horizontalis Roezl, Cat. Sem. Conif. Mexico. 17 (1857)
= Pinus inflexus Roezl, Cat. Setn. Conif. Mexico. 19 (1857)
= Pinus keteleerii Roezl, Cat. Sem. Conif. Mexico. 13 (1857)
= Pinus leroyi Roezl ex Gordon, Pinet. Suppl. 79 (1862)
= Pinus lindleyana Loudon ex Gordon, Journ. Hort. Soc. 5: 215 (1850)
= Pinus macrophylla Lindl., Bot. Reg. (1839) Misc. 63
= Pinus magnifica Roezl, Cat. Sem. Conif. Mexico. 28 (1857)
= Pinus michoacaensis Roezl, Cat. Sem. Conif. Mexico. (1857), 26
= Pinus monstrosa Roezl, Cat. Sem. Conif. Mexico. 11 (1857)
= Pinus montezuma var. mezambrana Carvajal, Phytologia, 59(2): 138 (1986)
= Pinus montezumae f. macrocarpa Martínez, (1948)
= Pinus montezumae ssp. lindleyi (Loudon) Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 16(1): 27 (2009)
= Pinus montezumae ssp. macrocarpa (Martínez) Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 16(1): 38 (2009) nom. inval. with incorrect basionym ref.
= Pinus montezumae ssp. mezambrana (Carvajal) Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 16(1): 27 (2009)
= Pinus montezumae var. lindleyi Loudon, Encycl. Trees Shrubs 1004 (1842)
= Pinus ne-plus-ultra Roezl ex Gordon, Pinet. Suppl. 80 (1862)
= Pinus nesselrodiana Roezl, Cat. Sem. Conif. Mexico. 16 (1857)
= Pinus nitida Roezl, Cat. Sem. Conif. Mexico. 29 (1857)
= Pinus northumberlandiana Roezl, Cat. Sem. Conif. Mexico. 13 (1857)
= Pinus ocampii Roezl, Cat. Sem. Conif. Mexico. 28 (1857)
= Pinus occidentalis Kunth, Nov. Gen. & Sp. 2: 4 (1817)
= Pinus ocote Roezl ex Gordon, Pinet. Suppl. 81 (1862)
= Pinus ortgiesiana Roezl, Cat. Sem. Conif. Mexico. 25 (1857)
= Pinus pawlikowskiana Roezl ex Gordon, Pinet. Suppl. 81 (1862)
= Pinus paxtoni Roezl, Cat. Sem. Conif. Mexico. 14 (1857)
= Pinus planchonii Roezl, Cat. Sem. Conif. Mexico. 18 (1857)
= Pinus pseudostrobus Gordon & Glend., Pinetum 237 (1858) non Lindl. (1839)
= Pinus retracta Roezl ex Gordon, Pinet. Suppl. 82 (1862)
= Pinus richardiana Roezl, Cat. Sem. Conif. Mexico. 18 (1857)
= Pinus rinzii Roezl, Cat. Sem. Conif. Mexico. 25 (1857)
= Pinus rubescens Roezl, Cat. Sem. Conif. Mexico. 17 (1857)
= Pinus rumeliana Roezl, Cat. Sem. Conif. Mexico. 12 (1857)
= Pinus russelliana Lindl., Bot. Reg. (1839) Misc. 68
= Pinus san-rafaeliana Roezl, Cat. Conif. Mexico. 13 (1857)
= Pinus soulangeana Roezl, Cat. Sem. Conif. Mexico. 11 (1857)
= Pinus spinosa Roezl, Cat. Sem. Conif. Mexico. 12 (1857)
= Pinus tenangaensis Roezl, Cat. Sem. Conif. Mexico. 10 (1857)
= Pinus thibaudiana Roezl, Cat. Sem. Conif. Mexico. 15 (1857)
= Pinus thilemannii Roezl, Cat. Sem. Conif. Mexico. 16 (1857)
= Pinus tomacocaensis Roezl, Pinet. Suppl. 85 (1862)
= Pinus troubezkoiana Roezl, Cat. Sem. Conif. Mexico. 11 (1857)
= Pinus valida Roezl, Cat. Sem. Conif. Mexico. 16 (1857)
= Pinus van-geertii Roezl., Cat. Sem. Conif. Mexico. 13 (1857)
= Pinus van-houttei Roezl, Cat. Sem. Conif. Mexico. 14 (1857)
= Pinus verschaffeltii Roezl, Cat. Sem. Conif. Mexico. 29 (1857)
= Pinus wilsonii Roezl, Cat. Sem. Conif. Mexico. 19 (1857)
= Pinus zacatlanae Roezl, Cat. Sem. Conif. Mexico. 26 (1857)
= Pinus zitacuaria Gordon, Pinet. 267 (1858)
= Pinus zitacuarii Roezl, Cat. Sem. Conif. Mexico. 29 (1857)
variant :
var. gordoniana (Hartw.) Silba; Phytologia, 68(1): 55 (1990)
Distribution: C-Mexico, S-Mexico
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus montezumae ssp. gordoniana (Hartw. ex Gordon) Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 16(1): 27 (2009)
= Pinus gordoniana Hartw. ex Gordon, Journ. Hort. Soc. 2: 79 (1847)
species :
Pinus monticola Douglas ex D.Don; Lambert, Gen. Pin. ed. I. 3: 149 t. 87 (1832)
Name: Western white pine
Distribution: USA (California, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, Washington State); Canada (Alberta, British Columbia); New Zealand [I]
51 nzl 71 CDN 73 USA 76 USA
Remarks: Subgen. Strobus, Sect. Quinquefolius
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus grozelierii Carrière, Rev. Hortic. 126 (1869)
= Pinus monticola var. digitata Lemmon, Handb. W. Amer. Cone-bearers ed. 3: 22 (1895)
= Pinus monticola var. minima Lemmon, Bienn. Rep. Calif. State Board Forest. 2: 70 (1888)
= Pinus nivea Hort. ex Carrière, Conif. ed. II. 401 (1867)
= Pinus porphyrocarpa A.Murray bis, Lawson, Pinet. Brit. 1: 83 (1867)
= Pinus strobus ssp. monticola (D.Don) A.E.Murray, Kalmia, 12: 23 (1982)
= Pinus strobus var. monticola (Douglas ex D.Don) Nutt.
= Strobus monticola (Douglas ex D.Don) Rydb., Fl. Rocky Mts. 13 (1917)
species :
Pinus morrisonicola Hayata; Gard. Chron., 43: 194 (1908)
Name: Taiwan white pine
Distribution: Taiwan
38 TAI
Remarks: Subgen. Strobus, Sect. Quinquefolius
Conservation Status: IUCN R
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus formosana Hayata, Journ. L. Soc., Bot. 38: 297 (1908), et in Journ. Coll. Sci. Tokyo, 25: Art. 19, 217
= Pinus parviflora var. morrisonicola (Hayata) C.L.Wu, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 5(3): 141 (1956)
= Pinus uyematsui Hayata, Ic. Pl. Formos. 3: 192 (1913)
species :
Pinus mugo Turra; Giorn. It., ed. Grisel., 1: 152 (1765)
subspecies :
subsp. mugo
Name: Krummholz-Kiefer, Berg-Kiefer (DE), Dwarf mountain pine, Mugo pine (EN)
Distribution: Albania; Austria; Bulgaria; Czech Republic; Slovakia; France; Germany (Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Niedersachsen [I], Schleswig-Holstein [I], Saarland [I]); Switzerland; Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Serbia & Kosovo; Montenegro; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Macedonia; Poland; Romania; Denmark [I]; RU; USA [I] (Massachusetts [I], New Hampshire [I], Wisconsin [I]); Canada [I] (Alberta [I], British Columbia [I], Ontario [I], Québec [I]); New Zealand [I]
10 den 11 AUT CZE GER POL SLO SWI 12 FRA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO ITA MNT NMA ROM SLV SRB 51 nzl 71 cdn 72 cdn 74 usa 75 usa
Remarks: Subgen. Pinus, Sect. Pinus, Subsect. Pinus
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus echinata Hort. ex Carrière, Conif. ed. I. 370 (1855)
= Pinus fischeri Booth ex Lodd., Cat. ed. (1836), Laws. Man. Conif. 333
= Pinus laricio var. magellensis Endl., Syn. Conif. 179 (1847)
= Pinus magellensis Schouw, Ann. Sc. Nat. Ser. III. 3: 233 (1845)
= Pinus montana Mill., Gard. Dict. ed. 8: n 5. (1768)
= Pinus montana proles mughus (Scop.) M.Goldschm., 350 (1902)
= Pinus montana ssp. mughus (Scop.) Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 1: 228 (1897)
= Pinus montana ssp. mughus (Scop.) Gremli, 437 (1874)
= Pinus montana ssp. mughus (Scop.) Willk., Forstl. Fl. Deutschl. Oesterr. 177 (1872)
= Pinus montana ssp. pumilio (Clus. ex Haenke) Celak., Prodr. Fl. Böhmen 18 (1867)
= Pinus montana var. arborea Tubeuf, Mitt. Deutsch. Dendrol. Ges. 21: 143 (1912)
= Pinus montana var. caucasica Medw., Derev. Kustarn. Kavkaza ed. 2: 11 (1905)
= Pinus montana var. frutescens-erecta Tubeuf, Mitt. Deutsch. Dendrol. Ges. 21: 143 (1912)
= Pinus montana var. glauca Schröt., Biblioth. Universelle Rev. Suisse sér. 3, 14: 280 (1885)
= Pinus montana var. humilior Rouy, Fl. France 14: 366 (1913)
= Pinus montana var. mugho (Poir.) Spach, Hist. Nat. Vég. 11: 380 (1841)
= Pinus montana var. mughus (Scop.) Gremli, Excursionsfl. Schweiz ed. 4: 453 (1881)
= Pinus montana var. mughus (Scop.) Jess., 475 (1879)
= Pinus montana var. plana Christ, Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 23: 232 (1865)
= Pinus montana var. prostrata Tubeuf, Mitt. Deutsch. Dendrol. Ges. 21: 143 (1912)
= Pinus montana var. pumilio (Clus. ex Haenke) Heer, 187 (1862)
= Pinus montana var. pumilio (Haenke) Spach, Hist. Nat. Vég. 11: 380 (1841)
= Pinus montana var. pyramidalis Schröt., Biblioth. Universelle Rev. Suisse sér. 3, 14: 280 (1885)
= Pinus montana var. uliginosa (G.E.Neumann) Heer, Verh. Schweiz. Naturf. Ges. 46: 185 (1862)
= Pinus mughus Scop., Fl. Camiol. ed. 2, 2: 247 (1772), sphalm.
= Pinus mughus var. bicolor Hartig ex Willk., Jahrb. Königl. Sächs. Akad. Forst- Landwirte Tharandt 40: 234 (1861)
= Pinus mughus var. brevispina Hartig ex Willk., Jahrb. Königl. Sächs. Akad. Forst- Landwirte Tharandt 40: 234 (1861)
= Pinus mughus var. decumbens Grab., Fl. Ober-Schlesien 266 (1843)
= Pinus mughus var. depressa Hartig ex Willk., Jahrb. Königl. Sächs. Akad. Forst- Landwirte Tharandt 40: 234 (1861)
= Pinus mughus var. erecta Grab., Fl. Ober-Schlesien 256 (1843)
= Pinus mughus var. impressa Hartig ex Willk., Jahrb. Königl. Sächs. Akad. Forst- Landwirte Tharandt 40: 234 (1861)
= Pinus mughus var. laeta Hartig ex Willk., Jahrb. Königl. Sächs. Akad. Forst- Landwirte Tharandt 40: 234 (1861)
= Pinus mughus var. leptoclada Hartig ex Willk., Jahrb. Königl. Sächs. Akad. Forst- Landwirte Tharandt 40: 234 (1861)
= Pinus mughus var. longispina Hartig ex Willk., Jahrb. Königl. Sächs. Akad. Forst- Landwirte Tharandt 40: 234 (1861)
= Pinus mughus var. lutescens Hartig ex Willk., Jahrb. Königl. Sächs. Akad. Forst- Landwirte Tharandt 40: 234 (1861)
= Pinus mughus var. macroptera Hartig ex Willk., Jahrb. Königl. Sächs. Akad. Forst- Landwirte Tharandt 40: 234 (1861)
= Pinus mughus var. obliqua (Saut.) C.F.M.Elsner, Syn. Fl. Cervimont. 23 (1839)
= Pinus mughus var. pumilio (Haenke) K.Koch, Flora 23: 669 (1840)
= Pinus mughus var. rufa Hartig ex Willk., Jahrb. Königl. Sächs. Akad. Forst- Landwirte Tharandt 40: 234 (1861)
= Pinus mughus var. uliginosa (G.E.Neumann) K.Koch, Flora 23: 669 (1840)
= Pinus mughus var. uliginosa (G.E.Neumann) W.D.J.Koch, Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv. 767 (1844)
= Pinus mugo f. applanata (Willk.) K.I.Chr., Nordic J. Bot., 7(4): 392 (1987)
= Pinus mugo ssp. mughus (Scop.) Domin, Preslia 13-15: 13 (1935)
= Pinus mugo ssp. mughus (Scop.) Janch. & H.Neumayer, 214 (1942)
= Pinus mugo ssp. mughus (Scop.) O.Schwarz, Mitt. Thüring. Bot. Ges. n. s., 1: 86 (1949)
= Pinus mugo ssp. pumilio (Haenke) A.E.Murray, Kalmia, 13: 23 (1983)
= Pinus mugo ssp. pumilio (Haenke) Franco, Feddes Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 67: 2 (1983), isonym
= Pinus mugo ssp. uliginosa (G.E.Neumann) O.Schwarz, Mitt. Thüring. Bot. Ges. 1(1): 86 (1949)
= Pinus mugo ssp. uliginosa G.E.Neumann ex Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 17(1): 1 (-2) (2010)
= Pinus mugo var. mughus (Scop.) Zenari, Bull. Soc. Bot. Ital. 1921: 65 (1921)
= Pinus obliqua Saut., Rchb. Fl. Germ. Excurs. 159 (1831)
= Pinus pumilio Clus. ex Haenke, Jirasek, Beobacht. Reis Riesengeb.: 68 (1791)
= Pinus pumilio var. applanata Willk.
= Pinus pumilio var. atrata Hartig ex Willk., Jahrb. Königl. Sächs. Akad. Forst- Landwirte Tharandt 40: 225 (1861)
= Pinus pumilio var. cinnamomea Hartig ex Willk., Jahrb. Königl. Sächs. Akad. Forst- Landwirte Tharandt 40: 225 (1861)
= Pinus pumilio var. echinata Hartig ex Willk., Jahrb. Königl. Sächs. Akad. Forst- Landwirte Tharandt 40: 226 (1861)
= Pinus pumilio var. ferruginea Hartig ex Willk., Jahrb. Königl. Sächs. Akad. Forst- Landwirte Tharandt 40: 225 (1861)
= Pinus pumilio var. fischeri Booth ex Loudon, Arbor. Frutic. Brit. 4: 2186 (1838)
= Pinus pumilio var. fursa Hartig ex Willk., Jahrb. Königl. Sächs. Akad. Forst- Landwirte Tharandt 40: 225 (1861)
= Pinus pumilio var. gibba Willk., Jahrb. Königl. Sächs. Akad. Forst- Landwirte Tharandt 40: 226 (1861)
= Pinus pumilio var. incurva Hartig ex Willk., Jahrb. Königl. Sächs. Akad. Forst- Landwirte Tharandt 40: 225 (1861)
= Pinus pumilio var. limbata Hartig ex Willk., Jahrb. Königl. Sächs. Akad. Forst- Landwirte Tharandt 40: 225 (1861)
= Pinus pumilio var. marginata Hartig ex Willk., Jahrb. Königl. Sächs. Akad. Forst- Landwirte Tharandt 40: 225 (1861)
= Pinus pumilio var. mugho (Poir.) Loudon, Arbor. Frutic. Brit. 4: 2187 (1838)
= Pinus pumilio var. nasuta Beck, Ann. K. K. Naturhist. Hofmus. 5: 553 (1890)
= Pinus pumilio var. nitida Hartig ex Willk., Jahrb. Königl. Sächs. Akad. Forst- Landwirte Tharandt 40: 225 (1861)
= Pinus pumilio var. oblongata Ten., Fl. Napol. 5: 268 (1836)
= Pinus pumilio var. phaeoptera Hartig ex Willk., Jahrb. Königl. Sächs. Akad. Forst- Landwirte Tharandt 40: 225 (1861)
= Pinus pumilio var. pura Hartig ex Willk., Jahrb. Königl. Sächs. Akad. Forst- Landwirte Tharandt 40: 225 (1861)
= Pinus pumilio var. repressa Hartig ex Willk., Jahrb. Königl. Sächs. Akad. Forst- Landwirte Tharandt 40: 225 (1861)
= Pinus pumilio var. revoluta Hartig ex Willk., Jahrb. Königl. Sächs. Akad. Forst- Landwirte Tharandt 40: 225 (1861)
= Pinus pumilio var. rotundata (Link) Ten., Fl. Napol. 5: 268 (1836)
= Pinus pumilio var. rubriflora Loudon, Arbor. Frutic. Brit. 4: 2186 (1838)
= Pinus pumilio var. striata Hartig ex Willk., Jahrb. Königl. Sächs. Akad. Forst- Landwirte Tharandt 40: 225 (1861)
= Pinus pumilio var. torfacea Babey, Fl. Jurass. 3: 461 (1845)
= Pinus pumilio var. turbinata Hartig ex Willk., Jahrb. Königl. Sächs. Akad. Forst- Landwirte Tharandt 40: 225 (1861)
= Pinus pumilio var. uliginosa (G.E.Neumann) Ratzeb., Forstnaturwiss. Reisen Deutschl. 298 (1842)
= Pinus pumilio var. uncinata (Ramond ex DC.) Carrière, Traité Gén. Conif. ed. 2, 1: 477 (1867)
= Pinus pumilio var. variabilis Hartig ex Willk., Jahrb. Königl. Sächs. Akad. Forst- Landwirte Tharandt 40: 224 (1861)
= Pinus pumilio var. virens Hartig ex Willk., Jahrb. Königl. Sächs. Akad. Forst- Landwirte Tharandt 40: 225 (1861)
= Pinus pyramidalis Reum ex Antoine, Conif. 13
= Pinus rubraeflora Loudon ex Gordon, Pinet. 172 (1858)
= Pinus sanguinea Lapeyr., Hist. Abr. Pl. Pyr. 587 (1813)
= Pinus squamosa Bosc, Nouv. Cours Agric. ed. XI. 479, ex Loudon, Arboret. 4: 2292 (1838)
= Pinus subarctica Schur, Enum. Pl. Transs. 946 (Index) (1866)
= Pinus sylvestris ssp. montana (Mill.) Schübl. & G.Martens, 622 (1834)
= Pinus sylvestris ssp. pumilio (Haenke) Bonnier & Layens, Tabl. Syn. Pl. Vasc. France 372 (1894)
= Pinus sylvestris var. montana (Mill.) Aiton, 366 (1789)
= Pinus sylvestris var. mugho Chaix ex Vill., Hist. Pl. Dauphiné 3: 805 (1789)
= Pinus sylvestris var. mughus (Scop.) Merrem, 439 (1809)
= Pinus sylvestris var. pumilio (Haenke) Merrem, 439 (1809)
subspecies :
subsp. rotundata (Link) Janch. & H.Neumayer; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 91: 214 (1942)
Name: Moor-Kiefer (DE)
Distribution: Germany; France; Austria; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; N-Italy; Czech Republic; Poland; Slovakia; Ukraine
11 AUT CZE GER LIE POL SLO SWI 12 FRA 13 ITA 14 UKR
Remarks: There is complete disagreement in the relationship between this taxon and P. uncinata, whether they are identical or two species
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus humilis Link, Abh. Berl. Akad. 1827 170 (1830)
= Pinus montana ssp. rotundata (Link) Bertsch & F.Bertsch, 40 (1948)
= Pinus montana var. humilis (Link) Heer, Verh. Schweiz. Naturf. Ges. 46: 186 (1862)
= Pinus montana var. pseudopumilio (Willk.) Bertsch, 9 (1906)
= Pinus montana var. rotundata (Link) Antoine, 12 (1840)
= Pinus montana var. rotundata (Link) Bertsch, 9 (1906), isonym
= Pinus montana var. rotundata (Link) Willk., Forstl. Fl. Deutschl. Oesterr. 174 (1872), isonym
= Pinus montana var. uliginosa (G.E.Neumann) Heer, 185 (1862)
= Pinus mughoides E.H.L.Krause, Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 32: II. 330 (1914)
= Pinus mughus var. rotundata (Link) Asch., 880 (1864)
= Pinus mugo ssp. pseudopumilio (Willk.) Holubickova, Preslia 37: 286 (1965)
= Pinus mugo ssp. rotundata (Link) A.E.Murray, Kalmia, 15: 27 (1985)
= Pinus mugo ssp. uliginosa (G.E.Neumann) O.Schwarz, 86 (1949)
= Pinus obliqua var. centrapedunculata Woerl., Deutsche Bot. Monatsschr. 3: 9 (1885)
= Pinus pseudopumilio (Willk.) Beck, Fl. Nied. Oest. 1: 5 (1890)
= Pinus rotundata Link, Abh. Königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1827: 168 (1827)
= Pinus rotundata var. pseudopumilio (Willk.) H.Neumayer in Janch. & H.Neumayer, 214 (1942)
= Pinus sylvestris var. rotundata (Link) Link, Linnaea 15: 486 (1842)
= Pinus sylvestris var. uliginosa (G.E.Neumann) Link, 488 (1841)
= Pinus uliginosa G.E.Neumann ex Wimm., Uebers. Arb. Schles. Ges. 1837 96 (1838)
= Pinus uliginosa ssp. rotundata (Link) Murr, 17 (1923)
= Pinus uncinata var. rotundata (Link) Antoine, Coniferen 12 (1840)
species :
Pinus muricata D.Don; Trans. L. Soc. 17: 441 (1837)
Name: Bishop pine
Distribution: SW-USA (W-California, Santa Cruz Isl., Santa Rosa Isl.); Mexico (Baja California Norte, Cedros Isl.); New Zealand [I]
51 nzl 76 USA 79 MEX
Remarks: Subgen. Pinus, Sect. Trifolius, Subsect. Oocarpae
Conservation Status: IUCN E
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus contorta Boland., Proc. Calif. Acad. 3: 227 (1866)
= Pinus edgariana Hartw., Journ. Hort. Soc. 3: 217 (1848)
= Pinus muricata ssp. anthonyi (Lemmon) A.E.Murray, Kalmia, 13: 23 (1983)
= Pinus muricata var. anthonyi Lemmon, Cone-bear. Trees Pacif. Slope, ed. 3, 43 (1892)
= Pinus muricata ssp. borealis Axelrod ex Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 16(1): 9 (2009)
= Pinus muricata var. borealis Axelrod ex Farjon, Regnum Veg. 128: 136 (1993)
= Pinus muricata ssp. stantonii Axelrod ex Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 16(1): 10 (2009)
= Pinus muricata var. stantonii Axelrod ex Farjon, Regnum Veg. 128: 136 (1993)
species :
Pinus nelsonii Shaw; Gard. Chron., ser. 3, 36: 122 (1904), as ´nelsoni´
Name: Nelson Pinyon pine
Distribution: Mexico (Coahuila, Nuevo León, San Luis Potosi, Tamaulipas)
79 MEX
Remarks: Subgen. Strobus, Sect. Parrya
Conservation Status: IUCN R
species :
Pinus nigra J.F.Arnold; Reise nach Mariazell in Steyerm. 8 & tab. (1785)
subspecies :
subsp. nigra
Name: European black pine, Austrian pine (EN), Schwarzkiefer (DE)
Distribution: Albania; Austria; Bulgaria; Corsica; France; Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Macedonia; Serbia & Kosovo; Montenegro; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Romania; Sicily; European Turkey; Belgium [I]; Luxembourg [I]; England [I]; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Denmark [I]; Germany [I]; Hungary [I]; Ireland [I]; Switzerland [I]; Netherlands [I]; Sweden [I]; Channel Isl. [I]; Crimea; Belarus [I]; Turkey (Anatolia); Cyprus; Taiwan [I]; China [I]; New Zealand [I]; USA [I] (Illinois [I], Massachusetts [I], Maine [I], Michigan [I], Missouri [I], New Jersey [I], New York [I], Ohio [I], Pennsylvania [I]); Canada [I] (Alberta [I], British Columbia [I], Ontario [I], Québec [I])
10 den grb ire swe 11 AUT bgm CZE ger hun lux net SLO swi 12 cis COR FRA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO ITA MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SRB TUE 14 blr KRY 34 CYP TUR 36 chi 38 tai 51 nzl 71 cdn 72 cdn 74 usa 75 usa
Remarks: Subgen. Pinus, Sect. Pinus, Subsect. Pinus
Synonyms: hidden
= Abies romania Loudon ex Steud., Nomencl. Bot. [Steud.] ed. 2, 1: 1
= Pinus alepensis Poir., Encyc. 5: 338 (1804)
= Pinus altissima Hort. ex Carrière, Conif. ed. I. 385 (1855)
= Pinus austriaca Höss, Flora, 11: 32 (1828)
= Pinus cebenensis Hort. ex Gordon, Pinet. 168 (1858)
= Pinus corsicana Loudon, Arboret. Brit. 4: 2001
= Pinus digenea Wettst., 108 (1889), nom. illeg.
= Pinus halepensis M.Bieb., Fl. Taur. Caucasus 2: 408 (1808) non Mill.
= Pinus italica Herter, Rev. Sudamer. Bot. 7: 192 (1943)
= Pinus karamana Mast., Gard. Chron. (1884) t. 480
= Pinus laricio f. austriaca (Höss) Asch., 881 (1864)
= Pinus laricio ssp. austriaca (Höss) Endl., Syn. Conif. 179 (1847)
= Pinus laricio ssp. nigra (J.F.Arnold) K.Richt., Pl. Eur. 1: 2 (1890), nom. illeg.
= Pinus laricio ssp. nigricans (Host) Arcang., Comp. Fl. Ital. 636 (1882)
= Pinus laricio ssp. pachyphylla (Christ) Vulf, Fl. Kryma l(1): 36 (1927)
= Pinus laricio ssp. poiretiana (Antoine) Endl., Syn. Conif. 178 (1847)
= Pinus laricio var. austriaca (Höss) Loudon, Arbor. Frutic. Brit. 4: 2201 (1838)
= Pinus laricio var. cebennensis Godr., Fl. France 3: 153 (1855)
= Pinus laricio var. humilior Rouy, Fl. France 14: 366 (1913)
= Pinus laricio var. moseri J.J.Moser, J. Soc. Natl. Hort. France sér. 4, 1: 53 (1900)
= Pinus laricio var. nigra (J.F.Arnold) Engelm., Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 4: 181 (1880)
= Pinus laricio var. nigrescens (Host) Parl., Prodr. 16(2): 387 (1868)
= Pinus laricio var. nigricans (Host) Parl., Prodr. 16(2): 387 (1868)
= Pinus laricio var. pendula Carrière, Traité Gén. Conif. 386 (1855)
= Pinus laricio var. pindica (Formánek) Mast., Gard. Chron. ser. 3, 31: 302 (1902)
= Pinus laricio var. poiretiana Antoine, Coniferen 4 (1840)
= Pinus laricio var. prostrata Beissn., Mitt. Deutsch. Dendrol. Ges. 12: 26 (1903)
= Pinus laricio var. pygmaea Carrière, Traité Gén. Conif. 385 (1855)
= Pinus laricio var. pyramidata Carrière, Traité Gén. Conif. 385 (1855)
= Pinus laricio var. taurica Loudon, Arbor. Frutic. Brit. 4: 2202 (1838)
= Pinus laricio var. tenuifolia Parl., Prodr. 16(2): 387 (1868)
= Pinus maritima W.T.Aiton, Hort. Kew. ed. II. 5: 315 (1813)
= Pinus nigra f. austriaca (Höss) Palib., 7 (1928)
= Pinus nigra f. leucodermoides Fukarek & M.Nikolic, Naucni Skup. Odelje Prir.-Mat. Nauk. (Beograd), 1(1): 27 (1974) (without type)
= Pinus nigra Link, Abh. Berl. Akad. 1827 173 (1830)
= Pinus nigra ssp. austriaca (Höss) Vollm., 28 (1914)
= Pinus nigra ssp. croatica Lovric, Osterr Bot. Zeitschr., 119(4-5): 569 (1971) (1972)
= Pinus nigra ssp. gocensis (Georgev.) Vidakovic
= Pinus nigra var. austriaca (Höss) Badoux, Beaux Arbres Vaud 52 (1910)
= Pinus nigra var. banatica Georgescu & Ionescu, Analele Inst. Cercet. Exp. Forest. 1: 129 (1935)
= Pinus nigra var. gocensis Georgev., Oesterr. Bot. Z. 80: 336 (1931)
= Pinus nigra var. illyrica Vidakovic
= Pinus nigra var. maritima (Aiton) Melville, Kew Bull. (1959)
= Pinus nigrescens Ten., Fl. Nap. 5: 366 (1836)
= Pinus nigricans Host, Fl. Austr. 2: 628 (1831)
= Pinus nigricans ssp. nigra (J.F.Arnold) Cif. & Giacom., Nomencl. Fl. Ital. 1: 6 (1950)
= Pinus paroliniana Webb ex Carrière, Conif. ed. I. 391 (1855)
= Pinus parolinii Vis., Mem. Ist. Venet. 6: 243 (1856)
= Pinus pinaster Besser, Fl. Galic. Austriac. 2: 294 (1809)
= Pinus pinea Hablitz, Taur. 97 ex M. Bieb., Fl. Taur. Caucasus 2: 408
= Pinus poiretiana Hort. ex Gordon, Pinet. 168 (1858)
= Pinus pyramidalis Hort. ex Gordon, Pinet. 168 (1858)
= Pinus romana Hort ex Loudon, Arbor. Frutic. Brit. 4: 2201
= Pinus romania Hort. ex Steud., Nom. ed. II. 2: 338 (1841)
= Pinus romeniaca Cels, Cat. Arb. Pl. (1817) 28 (nomen)
= Pinus sylvestris Baumg., Enum. Stirp. Transs. 2: 304 (1816) non L.
= Pinus tatarica Hort. ex Carrière, Conif. ed. I. 389 (1855)
subspecies :
subsp. dalmatica (Vis.) Franco; Dendrol. Florest.: 55 (1943)
Distribution: Croatia; Montenegro
13 CRO MNT
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus dalmatica Vis., Fl. Dalmat. 1: 199 (1842)
= Pinus nigra var. dalmatica (Vis.) Businský, Acta Pruhon. 88:11:00
subspecies :
subsp. laricio Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique 19: 66 (1928)
Distribution: Corsica; Sicily; Italy (S-Apennines, Calabria); New Zealand [I]; France [I]; Channel Isl. [c]
12 cis COR fra 13 ITA SIC 51 nzl
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus calabrica Hort. ex Gordon, Pinet. 168 (1858)
= Pinus laricio Poir., Lam., Encycl. 5: 339. (1804) (non Savi, Fl. Pisana 2: 353 (1798))
= Pinus laricio ssp. calabrica (Loudon) Cesca & Peruzzi, Caryologia 55(1): 24 (2002)
= Pinus laricio ssp. monspeliensis Koehne
= Pinus laricio var. calabrica Loudon, Arbor. Frut. Brit. 4: 2201 (1838)
= Pinus laricio var. corsica Mouill., Traité Arbr. Arbriss. 2: 1301 (1898)
= Pinus laricio var. corsicana Loudon, Arbor. Frutic. Brit. 4: 2201 (1838)
= Pinus nigra ssp. calabrica (Loudon) A.E.Murray, Kalmia, 13: 23 (1983)
= Pinus nigra ssp. monspeliensis (Koehne) A.E.Murray, Kalmia, 13: 23 (1983)
= Pinus nigra var. monspeliensis (Koehne) A.E.Murray, Kalmia, 13: 23 (1983)
subspecies :
subsp. pallasiana (Lamb.) Holmboe; Bergens Mus. Skr ser. 2, l(2): 29 (1914)
Name: Crimean pine
Distribution: Crimea; Greece; East Aegaean Isl.; European Turkey; Turkey (W-Anatolia); Cyprus; European Russia (S-European Russia); Northern Caucasus; Uzbekistan [I]
13 GRC TUE 14 KRY RUS 32 uzb 33 NCS 34 CYP EAI TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus caramanica Bosc, Nouv. Cours Compl. Agric. [Rozier] 10: 92 (1809)
= Pinus fenzleyi Antoine & Kotschy ex Carrière, Rev. Hortic. 259 (1864)
= Pinus fenzlii Antoine & Kotschy ex Carrière, Conif. ed. II. 496 (1867)
= Pinus laricio ssp. pallasiana (Lamb.) K.Richt., Pl. Eur. 1: 3 (1890)
= Pinus laricio var. caramanica (Bosc) Loudon, Encycl. Trees Schrubs 957 (1842)
= Pinus laricio var. pallasiana (Lamb.) Endl., Syn. Conif. 179 (1847)
= Pinus nigra f. seneriana (Saatçioglu) Kandemir & Mataraci, Ill. Fl. Turkey Vol. 2. 350 (2018)
= Pinus nigra ssp. caramanica (Loudon) Businský, Acta Pruhoniciana, 68: 22 (1999)
= Pinus nigra ssp. fenzleyi (Antoine & Kotschy ex Carrière) Franco, Dendrol. Florest. 55 (1943)
= Pinus nigra ssp. pallasiana (D.Don) Holmboe, Bergens Mus. Skr. n. s. 1(2): 29 (1914)
= Pinus nigra var. columnaris-pendula Boydak, Istanbul Univ. Orman Fak. Dergisi, A, 39(1): 122 1989 (1991) (without type), et Karaca Arbor. Mag. 6(1): 17 (2001)
= Pinus nigra var. pallasiana (Lamb.) Asch. & Graebn.
= Pinus nigra var. seneriana Saatçioglu, Z. Weltforstw. 18(1): 6 (1955)
= Pinus nigra var. yaltirikiana Alptekin, Istanbul Univ. Orman Fak. Dergisi, A, 36(2): 147 (1986) (1987)
= Pinus pallasiana Lamb., Desc. Pinus ed. 2, 2 (1824)
= Pinus pallasiana ssp. caramanica (Loudon) Chrtek & B.Slavík, Fl. Medit. (2000)
= Pinus pontica K.Koch, Linnaea, 22: 297 (1849)
= Pinus taurica Lodd., Cat. (1836) ex Loudon Arboret. 4: 2202
variant :
var. fastigiata Businský; Acta Pruhon. 88: 8 (2008)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
subspecies :
subsp. salzmannii (Dunal) Franco; Dendrol. Florest.: 56 (1943)
Distribution: Italy; S-France (Hérault, Pyrenees); Corsica; Spain; Andorra; Algeria; Morocco
12 ADO COR FRA SPA 13 ITA 20 ALG MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus carica D.Don, Fellows, Discov. Lycia, 294
= Pinus clusiana Clemente, Arias, Adic. Agric. Gen. Herrera 2: 404 (1818)
= Pinus clusiana ssp. mauretanica (Maire & Peyerimh.) Maire, Fl. Afrique N. 1: 146 (1952)
= Pinus clusiana ssp. salzmannii (Dunal) Cif. & Giacom., Nomencl. Fl. Ital. 1: 6 (1950)
= Pinus conglomerata Graeffer ex Ten., Syll. Fl. Neap. 477 (1831)
= Pinus halepensis var. carica (D.Don) Carrière, Traité Gén. Conif. 393 (1855)
= Pinus hispanica Cook, Sketch. Spain, 2: 337
= Pinus laricio ssp. leptophylla (H.Christ) E.V.Vulf, Fl. Kryma 1(1): 36 (1927)
= Pinus laricio ssp. salzmannii (Dunal) K.Richt., Pl. Eur. 1: 2 (1890)
= Pinus laricio var. angustisquama Willk.
= Pinus laricio var. latisquama Willk., Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 1: 18, 73 (1870)
= Pinus laricio var. leptophylla Christ, Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 23: 230 (1865)
= Pinus laricio var. pyrenaica (Lapeyr.) Gren. & Godr., Fl. France 3: 369 (1856)
= Pinus laricio var. pyrenaica (Lapeyr.) Loudon, Arbor. Frutic. Brit. 4: 2202 (1838)
= Pinus loiseleuriana Carrière, Conif. ed. I. 382 (1855)
= Pinus mauretanica (Maire & Peyerimh., sine ref.) Gaussen, Trav. Lab. For. Toulouse, Tome II. Sect. 1, 1: 11. Fasc. 6, 54, clavi, 149 (1960)
= Pinus nigra ssp. clusiana (Clemente) Rivas Mart., Mem. Mapa Ser. Veget. Potencial Esp. 146 (1988)
= Pinus nigra ssp. mauretanica (Maire & Peyerimh.) Heywood, Feddes Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 66: 150 (1962)
= Pinus nigra var. angustisquama (Willk.) E.Laguna, Flora Montiberica, 15: 28 (2000)
= Pinus nigra var. latisquama (Willk.) E.Laguna, Flora Montiberica, 15: 28 (2000)
= Pinus nigra var. mauretanica Maire & Peyerimh., Compt. Rend. Hebd. Seances Acad. Sci. 184: 1515 (1927)
= Pinus nigra var. salzmannii (Dunal) E.Laguna, Flora Montiberica, 15: 28 (2000)
= Pinus pallasii Parol., Hort. Bot. Parol. (1841) 3
= Pinus penicillus Lapeyr., Hist. Pl. Pyr. 63
= Pinus pseudohalepensis Dehnh. ex Carrière, Traité Conif. ed. t. 400 (1855)
= Pinus pyrenaica Lapeyr., Suppl. Hist. Pl. Pyrenees: 164 (1818)
= Pinus pyrenaica ssp. mauretanica (Maire & Peyerimh.) O.Schwarz, Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 14: 384 (1939)
= Pinus resinosa Loisel., Duhamel Arb. ed. Nov. 5: 237. f. 5 (1812) nom. illeg., non Aiton
= Pinus salzmannii Dunal, Mem. Sect. Sci. Acad. Sci. Montpellier 2: 82 (1851)
species :
Pinus occidentalis Sw.; Prod. Veg. Ind. Occ. 103 (1788)
Distribution: Haiti; Dominican Republic; Puerto Rico [I]
81 HIS pue
Remarks: Subgen. Pinus, Sect. Trifolius, Subsect. Australes
Conservation Status: vulnerable (Red List of the Vascular Flora of Cuba) and near threatened (IUCN)
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus cubensis Hort. ex Gordon, Pinet. 234 (1858)
= Pinus occidentalis ssp. baorucoensis (Silba) Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 16(1): 28 (2009)
= Pinus occidentalis var. baorucoensis Silba, Phytologia, 58(6): 368 (1985)
species :
Pinus oocarpa Schiede ex Schltdl.; Linnaea, 12: 491 (1838)
Name: Pino ocote (ES); Egg-cone pine (EN)
Distribution: Mexico (Aguascalientes, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Colima, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Nuevo León, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Zacatecas); Belize; Guatemala; Honduras; El Salvador; NW-Nicaragua; Costa Rica [I]; Taiwan [I]
38 tai 79 MEX 80 BLZ cos ELS GUA HON NIC
Remarks: Subgen. Pinus, Sect. Trifolius, Subsect. Oocarpae
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus oocarpa ssp. manzanoi (Martínez) Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 16(1): 29 (2009)
= Pinus oocarpa var. manzanoi Martínez, Anales Inst. Biol. Univ. Nac. México 11: 70 (1940)
= Pinus oocarpa var. oocarpoides Endl., Syn. Conif. 152 (1847)
= Pinus oocarpoides Lindl. ex Loudon, Encyc. Trees, 1118
= Pinus skinneri Hort. ex Carrière, Conif. ed. I. 313 (1855)
species :
Pinus palustris Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. VIII. n. 14 (1768)
Name: Longleaf pine
Distribution: USA (Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, E-Texas); Austria [I]; Germany [I]; Italy [I]; Romania [I]; Australia [I] (South Australia [I]); Taiwan [I]; China [I] (Fujian [I], Jiangsu [I], Jiangxi [I], Shandong [I], Zhejiang [I]); New Zealand [I]
11 aut ger 13 ita rom 36 chi 38 tai 50 aus 51 nzl 77 USA 78 USA
Remarks: Subgen. Pinus, Sect. Trifolius, Subsect. Australes
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus australis F.Michx., Hist. Arbr. Am. 1: 64. t. 6
= Pinus georgica Hort. ex Gordon, Pinet. 187 (1858)
= Pinus longifolia Salisb., Prod. 398 (1796)
= Pinus lutea Walter, Fl. Carol. 237 (1788)
= Pinus palmiensis Hort. ex Gordon, Pinet. Suppl. 63 (1862)
= Pinus palmieri Manetti ex Gordon, Pinet. Suppl. 63 (1862)
= Pinus palustris ssp. neogigantea Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 11(1): 17 (2004)
= Pinus palustris var. excelsa Booth ex J.Forbes, Pinet. Woburn. 62 (1839)
= Pinus serotina hort., Bon Jard. (1837) 976 ex Antoine, Conif. 23
species :
Pinus parviflora Siebold & Zucc.; Fl. Jap. 2: 27. t. 115 (1842)
Name: Japanese white pine
Distribution: Japan; South Korea; China [I]
36 chi 38 JAP KOR
Remarks: Subgen. Strobus, Sect. Quinquefolius
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus cembra Thunb., Fl. Jap. 274 (1784)
= Pinus cembra var. japonica J.Nelson, Pinaceae [Nelson] 107 (1866)
= Pinus heterophylla C.Presl, Epim. Bot. 236 (1851)
= Pinus himekomatsu Miyabe & Kudô, Ic. Ess. For. Trees Hokkaido, 1: 29 (1921)
= Pinus mayri Zabel, Forstl. Blume (1891) 250 ex Gartenfl. 41: 40 (1892)
= Pinus parviflora ssp. neoorbiculata Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 16(1): 12 (2009)
= Pinus parviflora var. todaiensis Sugim., J. Geobot., 24(3): 61 (1977) [subvar.]
= Pinus parvifolia Hort. ex Carr, Conif. ed. II. 385 (1867)
= Strobus parviflora (Siebold & Zucc.) Moldenke, Phytologia, 4: 128 (1952)
variant :
var. pentaphylla (Mayr) A.Henry; Trees Great Britain [Elwes & A. Henry] 5: 1033 (1910)
Distribution: Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu); South Korea
38 JAP KOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus parviflora ssp. pentaphylla (Mayr) Businský, Acta Pruhoniciana, 68: 12 (1999)
= Pinus pentaphylla Mayr, Conif. ed. II. 384 (1867)
species :
Pinus patula Schiede ex Schltdl.; Linnaea, 12: 488 (1838)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Coahuila, Colima, Ciudad de Mexico, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Nuevo León, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Tamaulipas, Tlaxcala, Veracruz); Costa Rica [I]; Colombia [I]; Taiwan [I]; South Africa [I]; Zimbabwe [I]; New Zealand [I]; Bolivia [c]
26 zim 27 saf 38 tai 51 nzl 79 MEX 80 cos 82 clm 83 bol
Remarks: Subgen. Pinus, Sect. Trifolius, Subsect. Oocarpae
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus patula Schltdl. & Cham., Linnaea, 6: 354 (1831)
= Pinus patula var. macrocarpa Mast., Gard. Chron., ser. 3, 9: 438 (1891)
= Pinus subpatula Roezl ex Gordon, Pinet. Suppl. 84 (1862)
variant :
var. longipedunculata Loock ex Martínez; Pinos Mexic., ed. 2 333 (1948)
Distribution: Mexico (Hidalgo, Veracruz, Oaxaca, Guerrero, Chiapas)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus patula ssp. longipedunculata (Loock ex Martínez) Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 16(1): 29 (2009)
= Pinus longipedunculata (Loock ex Martínez) Businský, Acta Pruhon. 88 (2008)
species :
Pinus peuce Griseb.; Spic. Fl. Rumel. 2: 349 (1846)
Name: Macedonian pine (EN); Rumelische Kiefer, Mazedonische Kiefer (DE)
Distribution: Macedonia; Montenegro; Kosovo; Serbia; W-Bulgaria; N-Greece; Estonia [I]; Germany [c]
11 ger 13 BUL GRC KOS MNT NMA SRB 14 est
Remarks: Subgen. Strobus, Sect. Quinquefolius
Conservation Status: IUCN R
Synonyms: hidden
= Haploxylon excelsa var. peuce (Griseb.) Börner, 291 (1912)
= Pinus excelsa var. peuce (Griseb.) Beissn., Handb. Nadelholzk. 286 (1891)
= Pinus peuce var. vermiculata Christ
= Strobus peuce (Griseb.) Moldenke, Phytologia, 4: 129 (1952)
species :
Pinus pinaster Aiton; Hort. Kew. ed. I. 3: 367 (1789)
subspecies :
subsp. pinaster
Name: Cluster pine (EN); Seestrand-Kiefer (DE); Pino rodeno (ES)
Distribution: Spain; Portugal; France; Australia [I] (South Australia [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I]); Taiwan [I]; China [I]; South Africa [I]; New Zealand [I]; Azores [I] (Sao Miguel Isl. [I], Pico [I]); Madeira [I] (Madeira Isl. [I], Porto Santo Isl. [I]); Canary Isl. [I] (Gran Canaria [I]); USA [I] (North Carolina [I]); Greece [c]; Croatia [I]; Serbia & Kosovo [c]; Montenegro [c]; Channel Isl. [c]; San Marino [c]; Italy [I]
12 cis FRA POR SPA 13 cro grc ita mnt sma srb 21 azo cny mdr 27 saf 36 chi 38 tai 50 aus 51 nzl 78 usa
Remarks: Subgen. Pinus, Sect. Pinus, Subsect. Pinaster
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus chinensis Knight ex Gordon, Pinet. 176 (1858)
= Pinus corteana Hort. ex Beissn., Handb. Nadelholzk. 222 (1891)
= Pinus detritis Hort.Angl. ex Carrière, Conif. ed. II. 467 (1867)
= Pinus glomerata Salisb., Prod. 398 (1796)
= Pinus helenica Hort. ex K.Koch, Dendrol. 2: II. 292 (1873)
= Pinus japonica Hort. ex Carrière, Conif. ed. I. 365 (1855)
= Pinus laricio Santi, Viagg. Terz. 60. t. 1, Savi, Fl. Pisan. 2: 353
= Pinus lemoniana Benth., Trans. Hort. Soc. Ser. II. 1: 512 (1835)
= Pinus maritima Lam., Fl. Fr. 2: 201 (1779)
= Pinus maritima var. alterna Dum.Cours., Bot. Cult. ed. 2, 6: 458 (1811)
= Pinus maritima var. glomerata Desp., Fl. Sarthe Mayenne 248 (1838)
= Pinus maritima var. major Loisel., Traité Arbr. Arbust. nouv. éd., 5: 240 (1812)
= Pinus maritima var. minor Dum.Cours., Bot. Cult. ed. 2, 6: 458 (1811)
= Pinus massoniana Gordon, Pinet. 176 (1858)
= Pinus minor Loudon, Encyc. Pl. 963. f. (1784)
= Pinus monspeliensis Salzm. ex Dunal, Mem. Acad. Moutp. (Sect. Sc.) 2: 82 (1851)
= Pinus neglecta Low ex Gordon, Pinet. 176 (1858)
= Pinus nepalensis Royle ex Lindl. & Gordon, Journ. Hort. Soc. 5: 217 (1850)
= Pinus novae-hollandiae Lodd. ex Carrière, Conif. ed. II, 466 (1867)
= Pinus nova-hollandica Lodd. ex Gordon, Pinet. 176 (1858)
= Pinus nova-zelandica Lodd. ex G.Don, Loudon Hort. Brit. 387 (1830)
= Pinus pinaster ssp. acutisquama (Boiss.) Rivas Mart., A.Asensi, Molero Mesa & F.Valle, Rivasgodaya, 6: 52 (1991)
= Pinus pinaster ssp. atlantica Huguet, Bol. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 33: 427 (1934) (nom inval.)
= Pinus pinaster ssp. minor (Loisel.) Arcang., Comp. Fl. Ital. 636 (1882)
= Pinus pinaster ssp. prolifera (Parl.) K.Richt., Pl. Eur. 1: 1 (1890)
= Pinus pinaster var. acutisquama Boiss.
= Pinus pinaster var. iberica Villar, Types Sols Afr. Nord 1: 84 (1947)
= Pinus pinaster var. lemoniana (Benth.) Loudon, Arbor. Frutic. Brit. 4: 2215 (1838)
= Pinus pinaster var. minor Loisel., Traité Arbr. Fruit. 5: 442 (1830)
= Pinus pinaster var. minor Parl., Prodr. 16(2): 383 (1868)
= Pinus pinaster var. pendula J.Nelson, Pinaceae 124 (1866)
= Pinus pinaster var. prolifera Parl., Prodr. 16(2): 383 (1868)
= Pinus sancta-helenica Loudon ex Carrière, Conif. ed. II. 466 (1867)
= Pinus scarina Hort.Cels ex Steud., Nom. ed. II. 2: 338 (1841)
= Pinus sylvestris Mill., Gard. Dict. ed. VIII. n. 1 (1768) non L.
= Pinus syrtica Thore, Promen. Gascogne, 161
subspecies :
subsp. escarena (Risso) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 1 (1890)
Distribution: Spain; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Sicily; Italy; Morocco; Algeria
12 BAL COR FRA SAR SPA 13 ITA SIC 20 ALG MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus escarena Risso, Hist. Nat. Eur. 2: 340, 459
= Pinus hamiltonii Ten., Cat. Orto Napoli: 90 (1845). 34
= Pinus mesogeensis Fieschi & Gaussen, Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Toulouse 64: 440 (1932)
= Pinus pinaster ssp. hamiltonii (Ten.) Villar, Bol. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 33: 427 (1934)
= Pinus pinaster var. hamiltonii (Ten.) Lindl. & Gordon, J. Hort. Soc. London 5: 217 (1850)
= Pinus pinaster var. mesogeensis (Fieschi & Gaussen) Silba, Phytologia, 68(1): 59 (1990)
subspecies :
subsp. renoui (Villar) Maire; Encycl. Biol. 33: 145 (1952)
Distribution: Tunisia; Algeria; Morocco
20 ALG MOR TUN
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus pinaster var. renoui Villar, Vol. Jubil. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc: 241 (1948)
species :
Pinus pinceana Gordon; Pinet. 204 (1858)
Name: Weeping pinyon pine
Distribution: Mexico (Coahuila, Durango, Hidalgo, Nuevo León, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Zacatecas)
79 MEX
Remarks: Subgen. Strobus, Sect. Parrya
Conservation Status: IUCN R
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus latisquama Engelm., Gard. Chron. (1882) II. 712
species :
Pinus pinea L.; Sp. Pl.: 1000 (1753)
Name: Italian stone pine, stone pine, Umbrella pine (EN); Pinie (DE); Pino real (ES)
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Sicily; Italy; Bosnia & Hercegovina [I]; Macedonia [I]; Serbia & Kosovo [I]; Slovenia [I]; Croatia [I]; Montenegro [I]; Greece [I]; Crete [I]; East Aegaean Isl. [I] (incl. Rhodos); European Turkey [I]; Cyprus [I]; RU; Turkey (Anatolia); Lebanon / Syria; Taiwan [I]; South Africa [I]; USA [I] (California [I]); Morocco [I]; Algeria [I]; Tunisia [I]; Libya [I]; Canary Isl. [I] (Gran Canaria [I])
12 BAL COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 bih cro grc ITA kri mnt nma SIC slv srb tue 20 alg lby mor tun 21 cny 27 saf 34 cyp eai TUR 38 tai 76 usa
Remarks: Subgen. Pinus, Sect. Pinus, Subsect. Pinaster
Synonyms: hidden
= Apinus pinea (L.) Neck., Elem. 3: 270 (1790)
= Pinea esculenta Opiz, Okon. Neuigk. Verhandl., 526 (1839)
= Pinus africana Hort. ex K.Koch, Dendrol. 2: II. 271 (1873)
= Pinus aracanensis Knight ex Gordon, Pinet. 179 (1858)
= Pinus arctica Hort. ex Carrière, Conif. ed. II. 456 (1867)
= Pinus fastuosa Salisb., Prod. 398 (1796) nom. illeg.
= Pinus fragilis Hort. ex Carrière, Conif. ed. II. 457 (1867)
= Pinus japonica Hort. ex Carrière, Conif. ed. II. 457 (1867)
= Pinus maderiensis Ten., Ind. Sem. Hort. Neap. (1854). Cf. in Ann. Sc. Nat. Ser. IV. 2: 379 (1854)
= Pinus pinea var. maderiensis (Ten.) Carrière, Traité Gén. Conif. ed. 2, 1: 457 (1867)
= Pinus sativa Garsault, Fig. Pl. Anim. Med. t. 65 (1764), Descr. Pl. Anim. 49 (1767), Thell. in Bull. Herb. Boiss. Ser. II. viil. 784
species :
Pinus ponderosa Douglas ex C.Lawson; Agric. Man. 354 (1836)
Name: Ponderosa pine
Distribution: USA (California, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Oregon, Washington State); Canada (British Columbia); Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Sonora, Zacatecas); China [I]; Argentina [I]; Morocco [I]; Algeria [I]; Greece [c]; Serbia & Kosovo [c]; New Zealand [I]; Hungary [I]
11 hun 13 grc srb 20 alg mor 36 chi 51 nzl 71 CDN 73 USA 76 USA 79 MEX 85 arg
Remarks: Subgen. Pinus, Sect. Trifolius, Subsect. Ponderosae
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus australis f. ponderosa Douglas ex Laws. & C.Lawson
= Pinus beardsleyi A.Murray bis, Edinb. N. Phil. Journ. N. S. 1: 286 (1855)
= Pinus benthamiana Hartw., Journ. Hort. Soc. 2: 189 (1847)
= Pinus brachyptera Engelm., Wisliz. Tour N. Mexico, 89 (1848)
= Pinus craigiana A.Murray bis, Edinb. N. Phil. Journ. N. S. 1: 288 (1855)
= Pinus engelmannii Torr., Pacif. Rail. Rep. 4: 141
= Pinus macrophylla Torr., Sitgreave´s Rep. Exped. Zuni & Colorado Rivers 173 173 (1853)
= Pinus nootkatensis Manetti ex Gordon, Pinet. Suppl. 67 (1862)
= Pinus parryana Gordon, Pinet. 202 (1858)
= Pinus ponderosa ssp. benthamiana (Hartw.) Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 16(1): 30 (2009)
= Pinus ponderosa ssp. brachyptera (Engelm.) Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 18(1): 16 (2011)
= Pinus ponderosa ssp. readiana Callaham, Res. Pap., P. S. W., U. S. Forest Serv. 264: 41, fig. 7, maps (figs. 1-2) (2013)
= Pinus ponderosa ssp. washoensis (Mason & Stockw.) A.E.Murray, Kalmia, 12: 23 (1982)
= Pinus ponderosa var. benthamiana (Hartw.) Vasey, Rep. Commiss. Agric. 178 (1876)
= Pinus ponderosa var. brachyptera (Engelm.) Lemmon, Bienn. Rep. Calif. State Board Forest. 2: 73, 98 (1888)
= Pinus ponderosa var. malletii (hort. ex Mottet) Beissn., Mitt. Deutsch. Dendrol. Ges. 16: 105 (1907)
= Pinus ponderosa var. pacifica J.R.Haller & Vivrette, Aliso 29(1): 55 (2011), nom. illeg.
= Pinus ponderosa var. parryana (Gordon) Rob., Fl. & Sylva 3: 104 (1905)
= Pinus ponderosa var. pendula Hook.fil. ex H.W.Sarg., Gard. Chron. n. s., 10: 236 (1878)
= Pinus ponderosa var. washoensis (H.Mason & Stockw.) J.R.Haller & Vivrette, Aliso 29(1): 56 (2011)
= Pinus resinosa Torr., Ann. Lyc. N. York, 2: 249 (1828)
= Pinus sinclairiana Carrière, Conif. ed. I. 355 (1855)
= Pinus washoensis Mason & Stockw., Madrono, 8: 62 (1945)
variant :
var. scopulorum Engelm.; Bot. California [W. H. Brewer] 2: 126 (1880)
Distribution: USA (Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Mexico, Nevada, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Wyoming); Canada (British Columbia); Mexico (Sonora)
71 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus ponderosa ssp. scopulorum (Engelm.) A.E.Murray, Kalmia, 12: 23 (1982)
= Pinus ponderosa ssp. scopulorum (S.Watson) W.A.Weber, Phytologia, 51(6): 374 (1982)
species :
Pinus praetermissa Styles & McVaugh; Contrib. Univ. Mich. Herb., 17: 310 (1990)
Distribution: Mexico (Colima, Durango, Jalisco, Michoacan, Nayarit, Sinaloa, Zacatecas)
79 MEX
Remarks: Subgen. Pinus, Sect. Trifolius, Subsect. Oocarpae
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus oocarpa var. microphylla Shaw, Publ. Arnold Arbor. 27, pl. XX (1909)
species :
Pinus pringlei Shaw; Sarg. Trees & Shrubs, 211, t. 100 (1905)
Distribution: Mexico (Durango, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Tlaxcala)
79 MEX
Remarks: Subgen. Pinus, Sect. Trifolius, Subsect. Oocarpae
species :
Pinus pseudostrobus Lindl.; Bot. Reg. (1839) Misc. 63
subspecies :
subsp. pseudostrobus
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Colima, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Nuevo León, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Tlaxcala, Veracruz); Guatemala; El Salvador; Honduras; ?Nicaragua; Bolivia [c]
79 MEX 80 ELS GUA HON 83 bol
Remarks: Subgen. Pinus, Sect. Trifolius, Subsect. Ponderosae
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus angulata Roezl, Cat. Sem. Conif. Mexico. 27 (1857)
= Pinus antoineana Roezl, Cat. Sem. Conif. Mexico. 14 (1857)
= Pinus estevezi (Martínez, sine ref.) Gaussen, Trav. Lab. For. Toulouse, Tome II. Sect. 1, 1: II. Fasc. 6, 79, clavi, 142(1960)
= Pinus estevezii (Martínez) J.P.Perry, J. Arnold Arbor., 63(2): 187 (1982) (without exact basionym page:)
= Pinus exserta Roezl, Cat. Sem. Conif. Mexico. 27 (1857)
= Pinus heteromorpha Roezl, Cat. Sem. Conif. Mexico. 28 (1857)
= Pinus nubicola J.P.Perry, J. Arnold Arbor., 68(4): 447 (1987)
= Pinus orizabae Gordon, Journ. Hort. Soc. 1: 237 (1846)
= Pinus prasina Roezl, Cat. Sem. Conif. Mexico. 24 (1857)
= Pinus protuberans Roezl, Cat. Sem. Conif. Mexico. 27 (1857)
= Pinus pseudostrobus f. megacarpa Loock, (1950)
= Pinus pseudostrobus f. protuberans Martínez, Pinos Mexic., ed. 2, 192, fig. 154 (1948)
= Pinus pseudostrobus ssp. estevezii (Martínez) Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 16(1): 31 (2009)
= Pinus pseudostrobus ssp. laubenfelsii (Silba) Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 16(1): 31 (2009)
= Pinus pseudostrobus ssp. nubicola (J.P.Perry) Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 16(1): 31 (2009)
= Pinus pseudostrobus ssp. protuberans (Martínez) Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 16(1): 31 (2009)
= Pinus pseudostrobus ssp. yecorensis (Debreczy & I.Rácz) Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 16(1): 32 (2009)
= Pinus pseudostrobus var. estevezii Martínez, Anales Inst. Biol. Univ. Nac. México 16: 188 (1945)
= Pinus pseudostrobus var. laubenfelsii Silba, Phytologia, 68(1): 60 (1990)
= Pinus regeliana Roezl, Cat. Sem. Conif. Mexico. 29 (1857)
= Pinus rudis Roezl ex Gordon, Pinet. Suppl. 70 (1862)
= Pinus yecorensis Debreczy & I.Rácz, Phytologia, 78(4): 233 (1995)
= Pinus yecorensis var. sinaloensis Debreczy & I.Rácz, Phytologia, 78(4): 236 (1995)
variant :
var. apulcensis (Lindl.) Shaw; Publ. Arnold Arbor. 1: 19, t. 12 (1909)
Distribution: Mexico (Guerrero, Hidalgo, Puebla, Veracruz, Oaxaca, Nuevo León); Guatemala
79 MEX 80 GUA
Conservation Status: IUCN R
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus acapulcensis G.Don, Sweet, Hort. Brit. ed. III. 769 (1839)
= Pinus apulcensis Lindl., Bot. Reg. (1839) Misc. 63
= Pinus astecaensis Roezl ex Gordon, Pinet. ed. II. 290 (1875)
= Pinus coatepecensis (Martínez, sine ref.) Gaussen, Trav. Lab. For. Toulouse, Tome 11. Sect. 1, 1: 11. Fasc. 6, 79, clavi, 136(1960)
= Pinus oaxacana Mirov, Madrono, 14: 145 (1958)
= Pinus oaxacana var. diversiformis Debreczy & I.Rácz, Phytologia, 78(4): 237 (1995)
= Pinus pseudostrobus ssp. acapulcensis (Lindl.) Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 16(1): 31 (2009)
= Pinus pseudostrobus ssp. acapulcensis (Lindl.) Stead, Bot. J. Linn. Soc., 89(3): 269 (1984)
= Pinus pseudostrobus ssp. coatepecensis (Martínez) Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 16(1): 31 (2009)
= Pinus pseudostrobus ssp. oaxacana (Mirov) Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 16(1): 31 (2009)
= Pinus pseudostrobus var. coatepecensis Martínez, Anales Inst. Biol. Univ. Nac. México 16: 187 (1945)
= Pinus pseudostrobus var. oaxacana (Mirov) S.G.Harrison, Taxon 14: 247 (1965)
species :
Pinus pumila (Pall.) Regel; Ind. Sem. Hort. Petrop. (1858) 23, Bull. Soc. Nat. Mosc. 32: I. 211 (1859)
Name: Dwarf Siberian pine
Distribution: Japan; North Korea; South Korea; N-Mongolia; Siberia (E-Jenisei River); China (Heilongjiang, Jilin, Nei Mongol)
30 SIB 36 CHI 37 MON 38 JAP KOR NKO
Remarks: Subgen. Strobus, Sect. Quinquefolius
Synonyms: hidden
= Cembra pumila (Pall.) Petrov, Fl. Iakut. Fasc. I. 64 (1930), syn.
= Haploxylon pumilum (Pall.) Kom., Fl. Penins. Kamtsch 1: 103 (1927), syn.
= Pinus cembra ssp. pumila (Pall.) A.E.Murray, Kalmia, 13: 22 (1983)
= Pinus cembra var. pumila Pall., Fl. Ross. (Pall.) 1: 4 (1784)
= Pinus cembra var. pygmaea Loudon, Arbor. Frutic. Brit. 4: 2276 (1838)
= Pinus nana Lemée & H.Lév., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 8: 60 (1910)
= Pinus pumila f. auriamentata Y.N.Lee, Bull. Korea Pl. Res. 7: 14 (2007)
= Pinus pumila var. mongolica Nakai, J. Jap. Bot. 19: 313 (1943)
species :
Pinus pungens Lamb.; Ann. Bot. 2: 198 (1805) ex Michx., Hist. Arb. Am. 1: 61. t. 5
Name: Table Mountain pine
Distribution: USA (District of Columbia, Georgia, Illinois, Maryland, North Carolina, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia); South Korea [I]
38 kor 74 USA 75 USA 78 USA
Remarks: Subgen. Pinus, Sect. Trifolius, Subsect. Australes
species :
Pinus quadrifolia Parry ex Parl.; DC. Prod. 16: II. 402 (1868)
Name: Parry pine, Nut pine
Distribution: USA (S-California); Mexico (Baja California Norte)
76 USA 79 MEX
Remarks: Subgen. Strobus, Sect. Parrya
Conservation Status: IUCN R
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus cembroides ssp. parryana (Voss) A.E.Murray, Kalmia, 12: 22 (1982)
= Pinus cembroides var. parryana (Engelm.) Voss, Mitt. Deutsch. Dendrol. Ges. 1907: 95 (1908)
= Pinus cembroides var. quadrifolia (Parl. ex Sudw.) Silba, Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc., 7(1): 29 (2000)
= Pinus juarezensis Lanner, Southwest. Nat., 19(1): 77 (1974)
= Pinus llaveana Torr., Bot. Mex. Bound. 208. t. 55 (1859)
= Pinus parryana Engelm., Am. Journ. Sc. Ser. II. xxxlv. (1862) 332, nota, not Gordon (1858)
= Pinus quadrifolia ssp. juarezensis (Lanner) Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 16(1): 32 (2009)
= Pinus quadrifolia var. juarezensis (Lanner) Silba, Phytologia, 68(1): 48 (1990)
species :
Pinus radiata D.Don; Trans. L. Soc. 17: 442 (1837)
Name: Monterey pine, Radiata pine (EN); Monterey-Kiefer (DE); Pino de Monterey (ES)
Distribution: W-USA (C-California); England [I]; France [I]; Ireland [I]; Spain [I]; Italy [I]; Portugal [I]; Channel Isl. [I]; Cyprus [I]; Australia [I] (South Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); Taiwan [I]; South Africa [I]; New Zealand [I]; Chatham Isl. [I]; Ecuador [I]; Chile [I]; Canary Isl. [I] (Gran Canaria [I], Tenerife [I], La Gomera [I], Hierro [I], La Palma Isl. [I], Lanzarote [I]); Morocco [I]; Argentina [I]; Colombia [I]; Mexico [I]; Bolivia [c]
10 grb ire 12 cis fra por spa 13 ita 20 mor 21 cny 27 saf 34 cyp 38 tai 50 aus 51 ctm nzl 76 USA 79 mex 82 clm 83 bol ecu 85 arg cle
Remarks: Subgen. Pinus, Sect. Trifolius, Subsect. Oocarpae
Conservation Status: Of conservation concern in the wild
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus adunca Bosc ex Desf., Tabl. ed. II. 247 (1815), et ex Poir. Encyc. Suppl. 4: 418 (1815)
= Pinus californica Loisel., Duhamel Arb. ed. Nov. 5: 243, Hartw. in Journ. Hort. Soc. 2: 189 (1847)
= Pinus insignis Douglas ex Loudon, Arboret. 4: 2243. f. 2132-2187 (1838)
= Pinus insignis var. laevigata Lemmon, Bienn. Rep. Calif. State Board Forest. 2: 76 (1888)
= Pinus insignis var. macrocarpa Hartw. ex Carrière, Traité Gén. Conif. ed. 2: 440 (1867)
= Pinus insignis var. radiata (D.Don) Lemmon, Bienn. Rep. Calif. State Board Forest. 2: 76, 114 (1888)
= Pinus montereyensis Rauch ex Gordon, Pinet. 197 (1858)
= Pinus rigida Hook. & Arn., Bot. Beech. Voy. 160 (1833)
= Pinus sinclairii Hook. & Arn., Bot. Beech. Voy. 392 (1833)
= Pinus tuberculata D.Don, Trans. L. Soc. 17: 442 (1836)
variant :
var. binata (Engelm.) Lemmon; W. Amer. Cone-Bearers 42 (1895)
Name: Guadalupe Island pine, Cedros Island pine
Distribution: Isla Guadalupe; Mexico (Cedros Isl.)
79 GLP MEX
Conservation Status: IUCN E
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus insignis var. binata Engelm., Brewer & Watson, Bot. Calif. 2: 128 (1880)
= Pinus muricata f. remorata (Mason) Hoover, Leafl. W. Bot. 10: 338 (1966)
= Pinus muricata ssp. remorata (Mason) A.E.Murray, Kalmia, 12: 23 (1982)
= Pinus muricata var. cedrosensis Howell, Leafl. W. Bot. 3: 7 (1941)
= Pinus muricata var. remorata (Mason) Silba, Phytologia, 68(1): 56 (1990)
= Pinus radiata ssp. binata (Engelm.) A.E.Murray, Kalmia, 13: 24 (1983)
= Pinus radiata ssp. cedrosensis (J.T.Howell) Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 16(1): 32 (2009)
= Pinus radiata var. cedrosensis (Howell) Silba, Phytologia, 68(1): 60 (1990)
= Pinus remorata Mason, Madrono, 2: 9 (1930)
species :
Pinus ravii R.C.Srivast.; Indian J. Pl. Sci. [Jaipur] 2(1): 40 (2013)
Distribution: NE-India (Arunachal Pradesh)
40 IND
Remarks: provisionally accepted name, status unconfirmed
species :
Pinus remota (Little) D.K.Bailey & Hawksw.; Phytologia, 44(3): 129 (1979)
Name: Texas pinyon pine
Distribution: USA (SW-Texas); Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Nuevo León, Sonora)
77 USA 79 MEX
Remarks: Subgen. Strobus, Sect. Parrya
Conservation Status: IUCN R
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus catarinae M.-F.Robert, Bull. Mus. Nation. Hist. Nat., B, Adansonia, 1981(1): 70 (1981)
= Pinus cembroides var. remota Little, Wrightia 3: 183 (1966)
= Pinus culminicola var. remota (Little) Eckenw., Conifers World 647 (2009)
= Pinus remota ssp. catarinae (Passini) Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 16(1): 32 (2009)
species :
Pinus resinosa Aiton; Hort. Kew. ed. I. 3: 367 (1789)
Name: Red pine
Distribution: USA (Connecticut, Illinois, Indiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, North Carolina, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Virginia, Vermont, Wisconsin, West Virginia); Canada (Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Isl., Québec)
71 CDN 72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA 78 USA
Remarks: Subgen. Pinus, Sect. Pinus, Subsect. Pinus
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus rubra F.Michx., Arb. Am. Sept. 1: 45. t. 1
species :
Pinus rigida Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. 8: n 10 (1768)
Name: Pitch pine (EN); Pech-Kiefer (DE)
Distribution: USA (Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Minnesota, North Carolina, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, Vermont, West Virginia); Canada (Nova Scotia, Ontario, Québec); Italy [I]; Germany [c]; Taiwan [I]; China [I] (Fujian [I], Jiangsu [I], Jiangxi [I], Liaoning [I], Shandong [I]); South Korea [I]; Belarus [I]
11 ger 13 ita 14 blr 36 chi 38 kor tai 72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA 78 USA
Remarks: Subgen. Pinus, Sect. Trifolius, Subsect. Australes
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus taeda var. rigida (Mill.) Aiton, Hort. Kew. (Hill) 3: 368 (1789)
= Pinus fraseri Lodd., Cat. 50 (1836)
= Pinus loddigesii Loudon, Arboret. Brit. 4: 2269
species :
Pinus roxburghii Sarg.; Silva N. Amer. 11: 9 (1897)
Name: Chir pine, Long-leaved Indian pine
Distribution: Bhutan; Taiwan [I]; S-Tibet; N-India (Jammu & Kashmir, Sikkim, etc.); Nepal; Pakistan; Myanmar [I]; Morocco [I]; Algeria [I]; Afghanistan [I] (Nangarhar [I]); Mozambique [I]; South Africa [I]
20 alg mor 26 moz 27 saf 34 afg 36 TIB 38 tai 40 BHU IND NEP PAK 41 mya
Remarks: Subgen. Pinus, Sect. Pinus, Subsect. Pinaster
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus longifolia Roxb. ex Lamb., Descr. Gen. Pinus 1: 29, t. 21 (1803)
= Pinus serenagensis Madden ex Gordon, Pinet. 200 (1858)
species :
Pinus rzedowskii Madrigal & M.Caball.; Bol. Tecn. Inst. Nac. Invest. For., Mexico, No. 26, 1 (1969)
Distribution: Mexico (W-Michoacan)
79 MEX
Remarks: Subgen. Strobus, Sect. Parrya
Conservation Status: IUCN E
species :
Pinus sabiniana Douglas; Trans. L. Soc. 16: 749 (1833)
Name: California foothill pine
Distribution: USA (California, Oregon: Jackson Co.)
73 USA 76 USA
Remarks: Subgen. Pinus, Sect. Trifolius, Subsect. Ponderosae
species :
Pinus serotina Michx.; Fl. Bor. Am. 2: 205 (1803)
Name: Pond pine, Marsh pine
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, New Jersey, South Carolina, Virginia); China [I] (Jiangsu [I], Jiangxi [I], Zhejiang [I])
36 chi 75 USA 78 USA
Remarks: Subgen. Pinus, Sect. Trifolius, Subsect. Australes
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus alopecuroides Hort. ex Gordon, Piet. 209
= Pinus rigida ssp. serotina (Michx.) R.T.Clausen
= Pinus rigida ssp. serotina (Michx.) Engelm., Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 4: 177 (1880)
= Pinus rigida var. serotina (Michx.) Hoopes
species :
Pinus sibirica Du Tour; Déterville, Nouv. Dict. Hist. Nat. 18: 18 (1803)
Name: Siberian cedar
Distribution: European Russia (E-European Russia: Urals); Siberia; China (Heilongjiang, Nei Mongol, Xinjiang); N-Mongolia; Kazakhstan
14 RUS 30 SIB 32 KAZ 36 CHI 37 MON
Remarks: Subgen. Strobus, Sect. Quinquefolius
Synonyms: hidden
= Cembra sibirica Petrov, Fl. Iakut. Fasc. I. 62 (1930), syn.
= Pinus cembra ssp. sibirica (Du Tour) Krylov, Fl. Alt. 7: 1724 (1914)
= Pinus cembra var. sibirica (Du Tour) A.E.Murray, Kalmia, 13: 22 (1983)
= Pinus hingganensis H.J.Zhang, Bull. Bot. Res. North-East. Forest. Inst., 5(1): 151 (1985)
= Pinus sibirica ssp. hingganensis (H.J.Zhang) Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 16(1): 33 (2009)
= Pinus sibirica var. hingganensis (H.J.Zhang) Silba, Phytologia, 68(1): 61 (1990)
species :
Pinus squamata X.W.Li; Acta Bot. Yunnanica, 14(3): 259 (1992)
Distribution: China (NE-Yunnan)
36 CHI
Remarks: Subgen. Strobus, Sect. Quinquefolius
Conservation Status: IUCN CR. Known from a single locality only of about 30 trees
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus bungeana ssp. squamata (X.W.Li) Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 16(1): 17 (2009)
species :
Pinus strobiformis Engelm.; Wisliz. Tour N. Mexico, 102 (1848)
Name: Southwestern white pine
Distribution: USA (Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, Texas); Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Guanajuato, Jalisco, Nuevo León, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Zacatecas)
73 USA 76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
Remarks: Subgen. Strobus, Sect. Quinquefolius
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus ayacahuite ssp. strobiformis (Engelm.) A.E.Murray, Kalmia, 13: 21 (1983)
= Pinus ayacahuite var. brachyptera Shaw, Publ. Arnold Arbor. 11, pl. 6 (1909)
= Pinus ayacahuite var. novogaliciana Carvajal, McVaugh, Fl. Novo-Galiciana, 17: 48 (1992)
= Pinus ayacahuite var. reflexa (Engelm.) Voss, Mitt. Deutsch. Dendrol. Ges. 1907: 92 (1907)
= Pinus novogaliciana Carvajal, Phytologia, 59(2): 131 (1986) (without latin descr.)
= Pinus strobiformis ssp. carvajalii (Silba) Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 16(1): 33 (2009)
= Pinus strobiformis var. carvajalii Silba, Phytologia, 68(1): 61 (1990)
species :
Pinus strobus L.; Sp. Pl. 1001 (1753)
Name: Eastern white pine (EN); Weymouth-Kiefer (DE)
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Georgia, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, North Carolina, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, Vermont, Wisconsin, West Virginia); Canada (Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Isl., Québec); St. Pierre et Miquelon; Guatemala [I]; Germany [c]; Czech Republic [I]; European Russia [I]; Taiwan [I]; China [I]; New Zealand [I]; South Korea [I]; Belarus [I]; Slovakia [I]; Slovenia [I]; Croatia [I]; Serbia & Kosovo [c]; Uzbekistan [I]; Hungary [I]
11 cze ger hun slo 13 cro slv srb 14 blr rus 32 uzb 36 chi 38 kor tai 51 nzl 71 CDN 72 CDN SPM 74 USA 75 USA 78 USA 80 gua
Remarks: Subgen. Strobus, Sect. Quinquefolius
Synonyms: hidden
= Leucopitys strobus (L.) Nieuwl., Amer. Midl. Naturalist 3: 70 (1913)
= Pinus alba-canadensis Prov., Fl. Canad. [Provanchier] II, 554 (1863)
= Pinus nivea Booth ex Carrière, Conif. ed. I. 305 (1855)
= Pinus strobus ssp. cumberlandensis Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 18(1): 11 (-12) (2011)
= Pinus strobus var. brevifolia Carrière, Traité Gén. Conif. 303 (1855)
= Pinus strobus var. fastigiata Beissn., Ziergehölze Gärt. Parkanl. ed. 2: 487 (1884)
= Pinus strobus var. umbraculifera Carrière, Traité Gén. Conif. 304 (1855)
= Pinus tabulaeformis Hort. ex K.Koch, Dendrol. 2: II. 320 (1873)
= Pinus tenuifolia Salisb., Prod. 399 (1796) nom. illeg.
= Pinus umbraculifera Hort. ex K.Koch, Dendrol. 2: II. 320 (1873)
= Strobus strobus (L.) Small, Fl. S. E. U. S. 29 (1903)
= Strobus weymouthiana Opiz, Lotos, 4: 94 (1854)
variant :
var. chiapensis Martínez; Anales Inst. Biol. Univ. Nac. México 11: 81 (1940)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Guerrero, Oaxaca, Puebla, Veracruz); Guatemala
79 MEX 80 GUA
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus chiapensis (Martínez) Andresen, Phytologia, 10: 417 (1964)
= Pinus strobus ssp. chiapensis (Martínez) A.E.Murray, Kalmia, 12: 23 (1982)
species :
Pinus sylvestris L.; Sp. Pl.: 1000 (1753)
Name: Scots pine (EN), Gemeine Kiefer, Föhre (DE)
Distribution: Albania; Austria; England; Bulgaria; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Finland; France; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Greece; +Netherlands; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Andorra; Spain; Hungary; Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Serbia & Kosovo; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Macedonia; Portugal; Norway; Poland; Romania; Sweden; Belgium [I]; Luxembourg [I]; Channel Isl. [I]; Denmark [I]; Ireland [I]; Netherlands [I]; Iceland [I]; European Turkey [I]; Turkey (Anatolia); Crimea; European Russia (N-European Russia, W-European Russia, C-European Russia); Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Ukraine; Belarus; Kazakhstan [I]; Siberia [I] (W-Siberia [I], C-Siberia [I]); Russian Far East [I]; South Korea [I]; Taiwan [I]; Uzbekistan [I]; Mongolia; USA [I] (Connecticut [I], Delaware [I], Iowa [I], Illinois [I], Indiana [I], Massachusetts [I], Maryland [I], Maine [I], Michigan [I], Minnesota [I], New Hampshire [I], New Jersey [I], New York [I], Ohio [I], Pennsylvania [I], Rhode Island [I], Vermont [I], Wisconsin [I]); Canada [I] (Alberta [I], British Columbia [I], Manitoba [I], New Brunswick [I], Newfoundland [I], Nova Scotia [I], Ontario [I], Prince Edward Isl. [I], Québec [I]); New Zealand [I]
10 den FIN GRB ice ire NOR SWE 11 AUT bgm CZE GER HUN LIE lux NET POL SLO SWI 12 ADO cis FRA POR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA MNT NMA ROM SLV SRB tue 14 BLR EST KRY LAT LIT RUS UKR 30 sib 31 rfe 32 kaz uzb 34 TUR 37 MON 38 kor tai 51 nzl 71 cdn 72 cdn 74 usa 75 usa 78 usa
Remarks: Subgen. Pinus, Sect. Pinus, Subsect. Pinus
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus altissima Ledeb. ex Gordon, Pinet. 186 (1858)
= Pinus binato-folio Gilib., Exercit. 2: 414 (1792) nom. inval.
= Pinus borealis Salisb., Prod. 398 (1796) nom. illeg.
= Pinus caucasica Fisch. ex Gordon, Pinet. 186 (1858)
= Pinus densiflora f. sylvestriformis Takenouchi
= Pinus erzeroomica Calvert ex Gordon, Pinet. 186 (1858)
= Pinus fominii Kondr., Journ. Bot. Acad. Sci. Ukraine, 7: No. 1, 53 (1950)
= Pinus fominii ssp. cretacea (Kalen.) L.V.Orlova, Konspekt Fl. Vost. Evr. 1: 75 (2012)
= Pinus genevensis Hort. ex Carrière, Conif. ed. I. 372 (1855)
= Pinus genovensis Garsault, Fig. Pl. Anim. Med. t. 81 (1764), Descr. Pl. Anim. 59 (1767), Thell. in Bull. Herb. Boiss. Ser. II. 8: 784
= Pinus hagenaviensis Hort. ex K.Koch, Dendrol. 2: II. 274 (1873)
= Pinus haguenensis Hort. ex Lavallée, Arb. Segrez. 245 (1877)
= Pinus haguenensis ´Loudon´ ex Beissn., Handb. Nadelholzk. 228 (1891)
= Pinus haguenoviensis Hort. ex Parl., DC. Prod. 16: II. 385 (1868)
= Pinus krylovii Serg. & Kondr., Journ. Bot. Acad. Sci. Ukraine, 10: No. 1, 42 (1953)
= Pinus monophylla Hort. ex Parl., DC. Prod. 16: II. 385 (1868)
= Pinus montana Hoffm., Deutschl. Fl. ed. I. 340 (1791)
= Pinus mughus Jacq., Ic. Pl. Rar. t. 193
= Pinus padufia Ledeb. ex Gordon, Pinet. 186 (1858)
= Pinus pumila Hort. ex K.Koch, Dendrol. 2: II. 275 (1873)
= Pinus pygmaea Hort. ex K.Koch, Dendrol. 2: II. 275 (1873)
= Pinus resinosa Savi, Fl. Pis. 2: 354 (1798)
= Pinus rigensis (Loudon) Trautv., Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 9: 210 (1884)
= Pinus rubra Mill., Gard. Dict. ed. 8: n 3. (1768)
= Pinus scariosa Lodd., Cat. (1836) 56 ex Loudon Encyc. Trees, 953
= Pinus scotica Willd. ex Endl., Syn. Conif. 172 (1847)
= Pinus sylvestriformis (Takenouchi) Z.Wang
= Pinus sylvestris f. baenitzii F.A.Tscherning, 136 (1899)
= Pinus sylvestris f. compacta Kandemir & Mataraci, Ill. Fl. Turkey Vol. 2. 345 (2018)
= Pinus sylvestris ssp. amurensis L.V.Orlova, Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 33: 32 (2001)
= Pinus sylvestris ssp. borussica (P.K.Schott) Rothm., 3 (1963)
= Pinus sylvestris ssp. haguenensis (Loudon) Rothm., 3 (1963)
= Pinus sylvestris ssp. hercynica (Münch) Rothm., Feddes Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 67: 2 (1963)
= Pinus sylvestris ssp. krylovii (Serg. & Kondr.) Busik, Fl. Tsentral´noi Sibiri, 1: 50 (1979)
= Pinus sylvestris ssp. pannonica (Schott) Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung., 18 (1-2): 177 (1973)
= Pinus sylvestris ssp. scotica (Beissn.) E.F.Warb., Fl. Brit. Isles 61 (1952)
= Pinus sylvestris ssp. ursina L.V.Orlova, Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 33: 34 (2001)
= Pinus sylvestris var. altaica Loudon, Arbor. Frutic. Brit. 4: 2159 (1838)
= Pinus sylvestris var. aquitana Schott, Forstwiss. Centralbl. 1907: 278 (1907)
= Pinus sylvestris var. argentea Steven, Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 11: 52 (1838)
= Pinus sylvestris var. armena (K.Koch) Fitschen, Handb. Laubholzk. ed. 3: 417 (1930)
= Pinus sylvestris var. aurea A.H.Kent, Man. Conif. 157 (1881)
= Pinus sylvestris var. baenitzii Tschern., Deutsche Bot. Monatsschr. 17: 136 (1899)
= Pinus sylvestris var. batava Schott, Forstwiss. Centralbl. 1907: 278 (1907)
= Pinus sylvestris var. borussica Schott, Forstwiss. Centralbl. 1907: 278 (1907)
= Pinus sylvestris var. brevifolia Link, Linnaea 15: 487 (1842)
= Pinus sylvestris var. caraminica J.Forbes, Pinet. Woburn. 9 (1839)
= Pinus sylvestris var. communis Aiton, 366 (1789), nom. inval.
= Pinus sylvestris var. condensata Thorsrud & Reisæter, 84 (1948), nom. inval.
= Pinus sylvestris var. corticata Thorsrud & Reisæter, 85 (1948), nom. inval.
= Pinus sylvestris var. cretacea Kalen., Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 22(1): 295 (& 301) (1849)
= Pinus sylvestris var. divaricata Aiton, 366 (1789)
= Pinus sylvestris var. echinata Link, Linnaea 15: 490 (1842)
= Pinus sylvestris var. elicinii Kandemir & Mataraci, Ill. Fl. Turkey Vol. 2. 340 (2018)
= Pinus sylvestris var. erythranthera Sanio, Index Seminum (B, Berolinensis) 1871(App.): 8 (1871)
= Pinus sylvestris var. fastigiata Carrière, J. Gén. Hort. 11: 98 (1856)
= Pinus sylvestris var. fruticosa Borbás, Magyar Tud. Akad. Értes. 11: 256 (1879)
= Pinus sylvestris var. gibba Heer, Verh. Schweiz. Naturf. Ges. 46: 177 (1862)
= Pinus sylvestris var. haguenensis Loudon, 2157 (1838)
= Pinus sylvestris var. hercynica Münch, Allg. Forst- Jagd-Zeitung 95: 540 (1924)
= Pinus sylvestris var. horizontalis D.Don, Mem. Caledonian Hort. Soc. 1: 125 (1814)
= Pinus sylvestris var. humilis (Link) Link, Linnaea 15: 488 (1842)
= Pinus sylvestris var. hybrida Heer, Verh. Schweiz. Naturf. Ges. 46: 182 (1862)
= Pinus sylvestris var. leucosperma Litv., Trudy Bot. Muz. Imp. Akad. Nauk 6: 382 (1909)
= Pinus sylvestris var. maritima Aiton, 366 (1789)
= Pinus sylvestris var. melanosperma Litv., Trudy Bot. Muz. Imp. Akad. Nauk 6: 382 (1909)
= Pinus sylvestris var. monticola Schröt., Biblioth. Universelle Rev. Suisse sér. 3, 34: 70 (1895)
= Pinus sylvestris var. nana Pall., Fl. Ross. 1(1): 6 (1784)
= Pinus sylvestris var. pachyphylla Murr, 17 (1923)
= Pinus sylvestris var. palustris Hagenb., Tent. Fl. Brasil. 2: 441 (1834)
= Pinus sylvestris var. pannonica Schott, Forstwiss. Centralbl. 1907: 278 (1907)
= Pinus sylvestris var. parvifolia Heer, Verh. Schweiz. Naturf. Ges. 46: 181 (1862)
= Pinus sylvestris var. patula Rouy, Fl. France 14: 367 (1913)
= Pinus sylvestris var. pendula C.Lawson, Abietineae- List Pl. Fir Tribe 43 (1852)
= Pinus sylvestris var. phaeosperma Litv., Trudy Bot. Muz. Imp. Akad. Nauk 6: 382 (1909)
= Pinus sylvestris var. plana Heer, Verh. Schweiz. Naturf. Ges. 46: 177 (1862)
= Pinus sylvestris var. plicata Thorsrud & Reisæter, 85 (1948), nom. inval.
= Pinus sylvestris var. pseudouncinata Bertsch, Allg. Bot. Z. Syst. 12: 7 (1906)
= Pinus sylvestris var. pumilio (Haenke) Gaudin, Baier. Fl. 10: 230 (1789)
= Pinus sylvestris var. rigensis Loudon, Arbor. Frutic. Brit. 4: 2157 (1838)
= Pinus sylvestris var. rubra (Mill.) Reichard, Syst. Pl. 4: 172 (1780)
= Pinus sylvestris var. rubra (Mill.) St.-Lag., Étude Fl. éd. 8, 2: 760 (1889)
= Pinus sylvestris var. rubra Merrem, 439 (1809)
= Pinus sylvestris var. rubriflora Buchenau, Fl. Bremen ed. 3: 295 (1885)
= Pinus sylvestris var. sarmatica Zapal., Consp. Fl. Gallic. Crit. 1: 256 (1906)
= Pinus sylvestris var. scariosa Lodd. ex Loudon, Encycl. Trees Shrubs 953 (1842)
= Pinus sylvestris var. scotica Beissn., Ziergehölze Gärt. Parkanl. ed. 2: 488 (1884)
= Pinus sylvestris var. septentrionalis Schott, Forstwiss. Centralbl. 1907: 278 (1907)
= Pinus sylvestris var. sibirica (Ledeb.) Link, 489 (1841)
= Pinus sylvestris var. sietzii Schwer., Mitt. Deutsch. Dendrol. Ges. 37: 350 (1926)
= Pinus sylvestris var. sphagnicola Rupr., Symb. Pl. Ross. 224 (1846)
= Pinus sylvestris var. subalpina Fomin, VÄ
= Pinus sylvestris var. superrhenana Schott, Forstwiss. Centralbl. 1907: 278 (1907)
= Pinus sylvestris var. sylvestriformis (Takenouchi) W.C.Cheng & C.D.Chu, Fl. Reipubl. Popul. Sin., 7: 246 (1978)
= Pinus sylvestris var. tatarica (Mill.) Aiton, 366 (1789)
= Pinus sylvestris var. tuberculata Thorsrud & Reisæter, 85 (1948), nom. inval.
= Pinus sylvestris var. turfosa Willk. ex Woerl., Ber. Bayer. Bot. Ges. 3: 181 (1893)
= Pinus sylvestris var. uliginosa (G.E.Neumann) Link, Linnaea 15: 488 (1842)
= Pinus sylvestris var. uncinata (Ramond ex DC.) Loudon, Arbor. Frutic. Brit. 4: 2156 (1838)
= Pinus sylvestris var. vindelica Ant.Schott, Forstwiss. Centralbl. 1907: 278 (1907)
= Pinus sylvestris var. virgata Casp., Schriften Konigl. Phys.-Okon. Ges. Konigsberg 6: 49 (1866)
= Pinus sylvestris var. vulgaris Merrem, 439 (1809)
= Pinus sylvestris var. watereri Beissn.
= Pinus tatarica Mill., Gard. Dict. ed. VIII. n. 4 (1768)
= Pinus tortuosa Steud., Nom. ed. II. 2: 339 (1841)
= Pinus wateriana Hort. ex L.H.Bailey, Cult. Conif. N. Amer. 54 (1933), syn.
= Pinus yamazutae Uyeki, J. Chosen Nat. Hist. Soc. 9: 20 (1929)
variant :
var. engadinensis Heer; Verh Schweiz. Naturf. Ges. 46: 181 (1862)
Name: Engadin-Kiefer (DE)
Distribution: N-Italy; Switzerland; Austria; Germany (Bayern)
11 AUT GER SWI 13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus engadinensis (Heer) Ronniger, (204) (1920)
= Pinus sylvestris ssp. engadinensis (Heer) Asch. & Graebn., Syn Mitteleur. Fl. 1: 223 (1897)
variant :
var. hamata Steven; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 11: 52 (1838)
Distribution: European Russia; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Iran; Balkan peninsula; N-Turkey (Anatolia); Armenia; Azerbaijan
14 RUS 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus armena K.Koch, Linnaea 22: 297 (1849)
= Pinus armena var. parviflora Fomin, Golonas. Kavkaz. Krim. 27 (1928)
= Pinus hamata (Steven) Fomin, Mem. Acad. Sc. Ukraine, Cl. Sc. Phys. & Math. 11: 23 (1928)
= Pinus hamata (Steven) Sosn., Grossg. & al., Fl. Tiflisa 1: 11 (1925) (non Roem, Cat. Graines Conif. Mexic.: 32 (1857)) (syn. subst.)
= Pinus hamata var. kochiana (Klotzsch ex K.Koch) Fomin, Golonas. Kavkaz. Krim. 25 (1928)
= Pinus kochiana Klotzsch ex K.Koch, Linnaea 22: 296 (1849)
= Pinus sosnowskyi Nakai, Tyosen Sanrin Kaihö 167: 33 (1939) (Indig. Spec. Conif. & Taxads Korea & Manchur. IV.) 33 (1939)
= Pinus sylvestris ssp. armena (K.Koch) Fomin, Vestn. Tiflissk. Bot. Sada 34: 20 (1914)
= Pinus sylvestris ssp. hamata (Steven) Fomin, Vestn. Tiflissk. Bot. Sada 34: 20 (1914)
= Pinus sylvestris ssp. kochiana (Klotzsch ex K.Koch) Eliçin, Istanbul Univ. Orman Fak. Dergisi. A, 20(2):.289 1970 (1971), et in Istanbul Univ. Orman Fak. Yayinl., 1662 (Turk. Saric Larinda Morfogen. Arastir.): 93 (1971)
= Pinus sylvestris var. hamata Steven
variant :
var. lapponica Fr. ex C.Hartm.; Handb. Skand. Fl. ed. 5: 214 (1849)
Distribution: Norway; Sweden; Finland; European Russia (NW-European Russia)
10 FIN NOR SWE 14 RUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus lapponica (Fr. ex C.Hartm.) Mayr, Fremdl. Wald- u. Parkbäume Eur. 348 (1906)
= Pinus friesiana Wich., Flora, 42: 409 (1859)
= Pinus sylvestris ssp. lapponica (Hartm.) Sylvén, Meddeland. Statens Skogsförsöksanst. 13-14: 85 (1916)
variant :
var. mongolica Litv.; Sched. Herb. Fl. Ross. 5: 160 (1905)
Distribution: N-Mongolia; Siberia (S-Siberia); China (NW-Heilongjiang, N-Nei Mongol)
30 SIB 36 CHI 37 MON
Conservation Status: IUCN V
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus sylvestris ssp. mongolica (Litv.) Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 16(1): 34 (2009)
= Pinus sylvestris ssp. kulundensis Sukaczev, Dendrol. Osov. Lesn. Geobot. 177 (1934)
= Pinus sylvestris var. manguiensis S.Y.Li & Adair, Sida, 16(1): 184 (1994)
variant :
var. nevadensis Christ; Verh. Naturf. Ges. Basel 3: 551 (1863)
Distribution: S-Spain (Sierra Nevada)
12 SPA
Conservation Status: IUCN V
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus sylvestris ssp. nevadensis (Christ) Rivas Mart., A.Asensi, Molero Mesa & F.Valle, Rivasgodaya, 6: 52 (1991)
species :
Pinus tabuliformis Carrière; Conif. ed. II. 510 (1867)
Name: Chinese pine
Distribution: China (Gansu, Hebei, Liaoning, Ningxia, Beijing, Shanxi, Shaanxi); North Korea
36 CHI 38 NKO
Remarks: Subgen. Pinus, Sect. Pinus, Subsect. Pinus
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus densiflora var. tabuliformis (Carrière) Mast., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 26: 549 (1902)
= Pinus tabuliformis var. bracteata Taken., J. Jap. Forest. Soc. 24: 123 (1942)
= Pinus tabuliformis var. brevifolia S.Y.Wang & C.L.Chang, Fl. Henan, 1: 135 (1981)
= Pinus tabuliformis var. rubescens Uyeki, J. Chosen Nat. Hist. Soc. 3: 45 (1925)
= Pinus tabuliformis var. tokunagae (Nakai) Taken., J. Jap. Forest. Soc. 24: 123 (1942)
= Pinus tabuliformis var. wilsonii Businský, Harvard Pap. Bot. 13(1): 18 (2008)
= Pinus tokunagae Nakai, Rep. Exped. Manchoukuo Sect. IV, Pt. 2, Contr. Cogn. Fl. Manshuricae 164 (1935)
variant :
var. mukdensis (Uyeki ex Nakai) Uyeki; J. Chosen Nat. Hist. Soc. 3: 45 (1925)
Distribution: China (Liaoning, ?Jilin); North Korea
36 CHI 38 NKO
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus mukdensis Uyeki apud Nakai, Bot. Mag., Tokyo, 33: 195 (1919)
= Pinus tabuliformis ssp. mukdensis (Nakai) Businský, Acta Pruhoniciana, 68: 26 (1999)
variant :
var. umbraculifera Liou & Z.Wang; Ill. Fl. Ligneous Pl. N. E. China 548 (97) (1958)
Distribution: China (Hebei)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus tabuliformis f. umbraculifera (Liou & Z.Wang) Q.L.Wang, Fl. Liaoningica, chief ed. S. X. Li, 1: 156 (1988)
= Pinus tabuliformis ssp. umbraculifera (Liou & Z.Wang) Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 16(1): 35 (2009)
species :
Pinus taeda L.; Sp. Pl. 1000 (1753)
Name: Loblolly pine
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, District of Columbia, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, New Jersey, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia); Taiwan [I]; China [I]; South Korea [I]; Bolivia [c]; Cuba [c]; Australia [c]; Mozambique [I]; New Zealand [I]
26 moz 36 chi 38 kor tai 50 aus 51 nzl 74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA 81 cub 83 bol
Remarks: Subgen. Pinus, Sect. Trifolius, Subsect. Australes
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus lutea Walter, Fl. Carol. 237 (1788)
= Pinus taeda var. alopecuroidea Aiton, Hort. Kew. 3: 368 (1789)
= Pinus taeda var. tenuifolia Aiton, Hort. Kew. 3: 368 (1789)
= Pinus taeda var. variabilis Aiton, Hort. Kew. 3: 368 (1789)
species :
Pinus taiwanensis Hayata; Journ. Coll. Sc. Tokyo, 30: Art. I, 307 (1911)
Distribution: China (Anhui, Fujian, C-Guangxi, Guizhou, S-Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, SE-Yunnan, Zhejiang)
36 CHI
Remarks: Subgen. Pinus, Sect. Pinus, Subsect. Pinus
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus brevispica Hayata, Icon. Pl. Formosan. 3: 191 (1913)
= Pinus luchuensis ssp. taiwanensis (Hayata) D.Z.Li, Edinburgh J. Bot., 54(3): 342 (1997)
variant :
var. fragilissima (Businský) Farjon; Handb. World´s Conifers 795 (2017)
Distribution: Taiwan
38 TAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus fragilissima Businský, Novon 13(3): 282 (2003)
species :
Pinus tecunumanii Eguiluz & J.P.Perry; Cienc. Forest. (Mexico), 8(41): 4 (1983)
Name: Schwerdtfeger´s pine, Tecun Uman Pine
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Oaxaca); Guatemala; Honduras; El Salvador; Nicaragua; Belize
79 MEX 80 BLZ ELS GUA HON NIC
Remarks: Subgen. Pinus, Sect. Trifolius, Subsect. Oocarpae
Conservation Status: IUCN V
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus oocarpa var. ochoterenae Martínez, Anales Inst. Biol. Univ. Nac. México 11. 65 (1940)
= Pinus patula ssp. tecunumanii (Eguiluz & J.P.Perry) Styles, Forest Genet. Res. Inf. (FAO), 13: 50 (1985)
= Pinus tecumumani Schwerdtf., Entomol. Forest. Guatemala 1: (Pinos Guatemala) 39, 52, clavi (1953) (sine descr. lat.)
species :
Pinus teocote Schiede ex Schltdl. & Cham.; Linnaea, 5: 76 (1830)
Name: Aztec pine, Teocote pine
Distribution: Mexico (Aguascalientes, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Nuevo León, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Zacatecas); ?Guatemala
79 MEX
Remarks: Subgen. Pinus, Sect. Trifolius, Subsect. Oocarpae
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus bessereriana Roezl, Cat. Sem. Conif. Mexico. 20 (1857)
= Pinus calocote Roezl ex Gordon, Pinet. Suppl. 73 (1862)
= Pinus eslavae G.R.Shaw, Gen. Pinus (Publ. Arn. Arb. No. 5) 68 (1914), obs. (pro syn.)
= Pinus galocote Roezl ex Gordon, Pinet. Suppl. 76 (1862)
= Pinus hugeli Roezl ex Gordon, Pinet. Suppl. 77 (1862)
= Pinus interposita Roezl ex Gordon, Pinet. Suppl. 78 (1862)
= Pinus kegelii Roezl ex Gordon, Pinet. Suppl. 78 (1862)
= Pinus microcarpa Roezl, Cat. Sem. Conif. Mexico. 21 (1857)
= Pinus mulleriana Roezl, Cat. Sem. Conif. Mexico. 21 (1857)
= Pinus otteana Roezl ex Vilm., Cat. Conif. Mexiq. 18
= Pinus teocote f. quinquefoliata Martínez, Anales Inst. Biol. Univ. Nac. México 16: 158 (1945)
= Pinus teocote ssp. macrocarpa (Shaw) Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 16(1): 35 (2009)
= Pinus teocote ssp. quinquefoliata (Martínez) Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 16(1): 38, nom. inval. basionym not validly published
= Pinus teocote var. macrocarpa Shaw, Publ. Arnold Arbor. 17, tab. 10 (1909)
= Pinus tumida Roezl ex Gordon, Pinet. Suppl. 85 (1862)
= Pinus vilmoriniana Roezl, Cat. Sem. Conif. Mexico. 20 (1857)
species :
Pinus thunbergii Parl.; DC. Prod. 16: II. 388 (1868)
Name: Japanese black pine
Distribution: Japan (S-Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu); North Korea; South Korea; China [I]; Marshall Isl. [I] (Jaluit [I]); USA [I] (Delaware [I], Massachusetts [I], North Carolina [I], New Jersey [I], New York [I], South Carolina [I], Virginia [I])
36 chi 38 JAP KOR NKO 62 mrs 75 usa 78 usa
Remarks: Subgen. Pinus, Sect. Pinus, Subsect. Pinus
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus pinaster Loudon, Arboret. 2218 (1838) non Aiton
= Pinus sylvestris Thunb., Fl. Jap. 274 (1784) (non L. 1753)
= Pinus thunbergiana Franco, An. Inst. Snper. Agron., Lisbon, 16: 130 (1949))
= Pinus thunbergii f. multicaulis Uyeki, Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 7: 17 (1938)
= Pinus thunbergii var. oculus-draconis Mayr, Monogr. Abietin. Japan. Reich. 98 (1890)
= Pinus thunbergii var. pendula Mayr, Monogr. Abietin. Japan. Reich. 89 (1890)
species :
Pinus torreyana Parry ex Torr.; Bot. Mex. Bound. 210. t. 58 (1859)
subspecies :
subsp. torreyana
Name: Torrey pine, Soledad pine, Del Mar pine
Distribution: W-USA (SW-California: San Diego Co., Santa Barbara Co.)
76 USA
Remarks: Subgen. Pinus, Sect. Trifolius, Subsect. Ponderosae
Conservation Status: IUCN E
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus lophosperma Lindl., Gard. Chron. 46 (1860)
subspecies :
subsp. insularis J.R.Haller; Syst. Bot., 11(1): 45 (1986)
Name: Santa Cruz Island Torr. pine
Distribution: USA (California Channel Isl.: Santa Rosa Island)
76 USA
Conservation Status: IUCN E
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus torreyana var. insularis (Haller) Silba, Phytologia, 68(1): 64 (1990)
species :
Pinus tropicalis Morelet; Rev. Hortic. Cote d´Or, Oct., et in Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Moselle, vii.(1885) 97-101
Name: Pino, Pino blanco, Pino de Cuba, Pino hembra (Cuba)
Distribution: W-Cuba (incl. Isla de la Juventud); China [I]
36 chi 81 CUB
Remarks: Subgen. Pinus, Sect. Pinus, Subsect. Pinus
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus cubensis var. terthrocarpa Griseb., Cat. Pl. Cub. 217 (1866)
= Pinus terthrocarpa (Griseb.) Shaw, Sarg. Trees & Shrubs, 149 (1903)
species :
Pinus uncinata Ramond ex DC.; Lam. & DC., Fl. Franc. ed. 3, 726 (1805)
Name: Moor-Kiefer, Rundzapfige Kiefer (DE); Mountain pine (EN)
Distribution: France; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Spain; Andorra; Italy; W-Austria; Slovakia; New Zealand [I]
11 AUT LIE SLO SWI 12 ADO FRA SPA 13 ITA 51 nzl
Remarks: There is complete disagreement in the relationship between this taxon and P. mugo ssp. rotundata, whether they are identical or two species. True P. uncinata seems to be missing in Germany.
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus montana ssp. uncinata (Ramond ex DC.) Celak., Prodr. Fl. Böhmen 16 (1867)
= Pinus montana var. uncinata (Ramond ex DC.) Heer, Verh. Schweiz. Naturf. Ges. 46: 184 (1862)
= Pinus mughus var. uncinata (Ramond ex DC.) K.Koch, Flora 23: 670 (1840)
= Pinus mugo f. mughoides (Willk.) K.I.Chr., Nordic J. Bot., 7(4): 393 (1987)
= Pinus mugo ssp. rostrata (Antoine) A.E.Murray, Kalmia, 13: 23 (1983)
= Pinus mugo ssp. uncinata (Ramond ex DC.) Domin, Preslia 13-15: 13 (1935)
= Pinus mugo var. arborea (Tubeuf) Hyl., 352 (1953)
= Pinus mugo var. compacta D.Hill, Hill´s Evergreens ed. 1924: 30 (1924)
= Pinus mugo var. nana Loudon ex Gordon & Glend., Pinetum 173 (1858)
= Pinus mugo var. rostrata (Antoine) Hoopes
= Pinus mugo var. uncinata (Ramond ex DC.) Fiori, Nuov. Fl. Italia 1: 50 (1923)
= Pinus rostrata Hort. ex K.Koch, Dendrol. 2: II. 280 (1873)
= Pinus uncinata f. mughoides Willk., Jahrb. Königl. Sächs. Akad. Forst- Landwirte Tharandt 14 (n.s., 7): 212, fig. 1-10 (1861)
= Pinus uncinata ssp. uliginosa (G.E.Neumann ex Wimm.) Businský, Phyton (Horn) 46(1): 132 (2008)
= Pinus uncinata Steud., Nom. ed. II. 2: 339 (1841), nom. illeg.
= Pinus uncinata var. ancestralis Businský, Acta Pruhon. 88: 7 (2008)
= Pinus uncinata var. applanata Hartig ex Willk., Jahrb. Königl. Sächs. Akad. Forst- Landwirte Tharandt 40: 201 (1861)
= Pinus uncinata var. brunnea Hartig ex Willk., Jahrb. Königl. Sächs. Akad. Forst- Landwirte Tharandt 40: 201 (1861)
= Pinus uncinata var. callosperma Hartig ex Willk., Jahrb. Königl. Sächs. Akad. Forst- Landwirte Tharandt 40: 202 (1861)
= Pinus uncinata var. capuzina Hartig ex Willk., Jahrb. Königl. Sächs. Akad. Forst- Landwirte Tharandt 40: 202 (1861)
= Pinus uncinata var. carinata Hartig ex Willk., Jahrb. Königl. Sächs. Akad. Forst- Landwirte Tharandt 40: 202 (1861)
= Pinus uncinata var. castanea Hartig ex Willk., Jahrb. Königl. Sächs. Akad. Forst- Landwirte Tharandt 40: 200 (1861)
= Pinus uncinata var. cincta Hartig ex Willk., Jahrb. Königl. Sächs. Akad. Forst- Landwirte Tharandt 40: 201 (1861)
= Pinus uncinata var. cinerascens Hartig ex Willk., Jahrb. Königl. Sächs. Akad. Forst- Landwirte Tharandt 40: 200 (1861)
= Pinus uncinata var. concolor Hartig ex Willk., Jahrb. Königl. Sächs. Akad. Forst- Landwirte Tharandt 40: 200 (1861)
= Pinus uncinata var. discolor Hartig ex Willk., Jahrb. Königl. Sächs. Akad. Forst- Landwirte Tharandt 40: 200 (1861)
= Pinus uncinata var. elongata Hartig ex Willk., Jahrb. Königl. Sächs. Akad. Forst- Landwirte Tharandt 40: 200 (1861)
= Pinus uncinata var. gracilis Hartig ex Willk., Jahrb. Königl. Sächs. Akad. Forst- Landwirte Tharandt 40: 201 (1861)
= Pinus uncinata var. irregularis Hartig ex Willk., Jahrb. Königl. Sächs. Akad. Forst- Landwirte Tharandt 40: 202 (1861)
= Pinus uncinata var. leucosperma Hartig ex Willk., Jahrb. Königl. Sächs. Akad. Forst- Landwirte Tharandt 40: 200 (1861)
= Pinus uncinata var. macroptera Hartig ex Willk., Jahrb. Königl. Sächs. Akad. Forst- Landwirte Tharandt 40: 201 (1861)
= Pinus uncinata var. melanocincta Hartig ex Willk., Jahrb. Königl. Sächs. Akad. Forst- Landwirte Tharandt 40: 201 (1861)
= Pinus uncinata var. microcarpa Hartig ex Willk., Jahrb. Königl. Sächs. Akad. Forst- Landwirte Tharandt 40: 201 (1861)
= Pinus uncinata var. microptera Hartig ex Willk., Jahrb. Königl. Sächs. Akad. Forst- Landwirte Tharandt 40: 201 (1861)
= Pinus uncinata var. miniata Hartig ex Willk., Jahrb. Königl. Sächs. Akad. Forst- Landwirte Tharandt 40: 202 (1861)
= Pinus uncinata var. mughoides (Willk.) F.Benoît, Bull. Mycol. Bot. Dauphiné-Savoie 236: 29 (2020)
= Pinus uncinata var. multicolor Hartig ex Willk., Jahrb. Königl. Sächs. Akad. Forst- Landwirte Tharandt 40: 201 (1861)
= Pinus uncinata var. obscurata Hartig ex Willk., Jahrb. Königl. Sächs. Akad. Forst- Landwirte Tharandt 40: 201 (1861)
= Pinus uncinata var. opaca Hartig ex Willk., Jahrb. Königl. Sächs. Akad. Forst- Landwirte Tharandt 40: 201 (1861)
= Pinus uncinata var. ovata Hartig ex Willk., Jahrb. Königl. Sächs. Akad. Forst- Landwirte Tharandt 40: 202 (1861)
= Pinus uncinata var. pallida Hartig ex Willk., Jahrb. Königl. Sächs. Akad. Forst- Landwirte Tharandt 40: 202 (1861)
= Pinus uncinata var. pelosperma Hartig ex Willk., Jahrb. Königl. Sächs. Akad. Forst- Landwirte Tharandt 40: 200 (1861)
= Pinus uncinata var. pendula Hartig ex Willk., Jahrb. Königl. Sächs. Akad. Forst- Landwirte Tharandt 40: 200 (1861)
= Pinus uncinata var. planata Hartig ex Willk., Jahrb. Königl. Sächs. Akad. Forst- Landwirte Tharandt 40: 201 (1861)
= Pinus uncinata var. pseudopumilio Willk., Jahrb. Königl. Sächs. Akad. Forst- Landwirte Tharandt 40: 218 (1861)
= Pinus uncinata var. pumilio (Haenke) Mathieu, Fl. Forest. ed. 2: 393 (1860)
= Pinus uncinata var. pyramidata Hartig ex Willk., Jahrb. Königl. Sächs. Akad. Forst- Landwirte Tharandt 40: 202 (1861)
= Pinus uncinata var. radiata Hartig ex Willk., Jahrb. Königl. Sächs. Akad. Forst- Landwirte Tharandt 40: 201 (1861)
= Pinus uncinata var. rufescens Hartig ex Willk., Jahrb. Königl. Sächs. Akad. Forst- Landwirte Tharandt 40: 201 (1861)
= Pinus uncinata var. sanguinolenta Hartig ex Willk., Jahrb. Königl. Sächs. Akad. Forst- Landwirte Tharandt 40: 202 (1861)
= Pinus uncinata var. solaris Hartig ex Willk., Jahrb. Königl. Sächs. Akad. Forst- Landwirte Tharandt 40: 200 (1861)
= Pinus uncinata var. tricolor Hartig ex Willk., Jahrb. Königl. Sächs. Akad. Forst- Landwirte Tharandt 40: 202 (1861)
= Pinus uncinata var. turgescens Hartig ex Willk., Jahrb. Königl. Sächs. Akad. Forst- Landwirte Tharandt 40: 202 (1861)
= Pinus uncinata var. zonata Hartig ex Willk., Jahrb. Königl. Sächs. Akad. Forst- Landwirte Tharandt 40: 202 (1861)
species :
Pinus vallartensis Pérez de la Rosa & Gernandt; Phytotaxa 331(2): 234 (2017)
Distribution: Mexico (Jalisco)
79 MEX
Remarks: provisionally accepted name, status unconfirmed
species :
Pinus virginiana Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. VIII. n. 9 (1768)
Name: Virginia pine, scrub pine, Jersey pine.
Distribution: USA (Alabama, District of Columbia, Delaware, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Maryland, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia); Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Ontario); China [I]
36 chi 71 CDN 72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA 78 USA
Remarks: Subgen. Pinus, Sect. Trifolius, Subsect. Contortae
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus ruthenica Hort ex Carrière, Conif. ed. II. 471 (1867)
= Pinus turbinata Bosc ex Loudon, Encyc. Trees, 975
= Pinus variabilis Lamb., Gen. Pin. ed. II. 1: 25. t. 16 (1803)
= Pinus inops Aiton, Aiton Hort. Kew. ed. I. 3: 367 (1789), nom. illeg.
species :
Pinus wallichiana A.B.Jacks.; Kew Bull. 1938: 85 (1938)
Name: Bhutan pine, Himalayan white pine
Distribution: Afghanistan (Kunar / Nuristan); Pakistan; N-India (Jammu & Kashmir, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, etc.); S-Tibet; China (NW-Yunnan); Nepal; Bhutan; Myanmar (Kachin); Italy [I]; USA [I] (Illinois [I]); Slovenia [I]; Serbia & Kosovo [c]; Hungary [c]
11 hun 13 ita slv srb 34 AFG 36 CHI TIB 40 BHU IND NEP PAK 41 MYA 74 usa
Remarks: Subgen. Strobus, Sect. Quinquefolius
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus chylla Lodd., Cat. 1836: 50 (1836) (nom. nud.)
= Pinus dicksonii Carrière, Traite Gen. Conif.: 300 (1855) (pro syn.)
= Pinus dicksonii Hort. ex Carrière, Conif. ed. I. 300 (1855)
= Pinus excelsa Wall. ex D.Don, Lamb., Descr. Gen. Pinus 2.- 5, t. 3 (1824)
= Pinus griffithii McClell., Griff., Notul. Pl. Asiat. 4: 17 (1854) (nom. provis.)
= Pinus nepalensis Chambr., Traite Arb. Resin. Conif.: 342 (1 845) (non Forbes (1839))
= Pinus strobus Buch.-Ham., Acc. Nepal 83 non L.
= Pinus wallichiana ssp. manangensis (H.Ohba & M.Suzuki) Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 16(1): 36 (2009)
= Pinus wallichiana var. manangensis H.Ohba & M.Suzuki, H. Ohba & S. B. Malla, Himalayan Pl., 1 (Univ. Mus. Univ. Tokyo Bull., 31): 350 (1988)
variant :
var. parva K.C.Sahni; Indian J. Forest., 12(1): 40 (1989)
Distribution: NE-India (Arunachal Pradesh); SE-Tibet
36 TIB 40 IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus arunachalensis R.C.Srivast., Int. J. Curr. Res. Biosci. Pl. Biol. 4(5) : 86 (2017), nom. nov.
= Pinus parva (K.C.Sahni) R.C.Srivast., Indian J. Pl. Sci. (Jaipur) 2(1): 41 (2013)
= Pinus wallichiana ssp. parva (K.C.Sahni) Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 16(1): 36 (2009)
species :
Pinus wangii Hu & W.C.Cheng; Bull. Fan Mem. Inst. Biol., Peiping, n. s., 1: 191 (1948)
Name: Wang pine
Distribution: +China (+SE-Yunnan); Vietnam
36 CHI 41 VIE
Remarks: Subgen. Strobus, Sect. Quinquefolius
Conservation Status: IUCN E
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus parviflora var. wangii (Hu & W.C.Cheng) Eckenw., Conifers World 647 (2009)
species :
Pinus yunnanensis Franch.; Journ. de Bot., 253 (1899)
Name: Yunnan pine
Distribution: China (Guangxi, Guizhou, SE-Yunnan, SW-Sichuan); Tibet
36 CHI TIB
Remarks: Subgen. Pinus, Sect. Pinus, Subsect. Pinus
Conservation Status: IUCN R
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus densata var. pygmaea Hsueh ex C.Y.Cheng, W.C.Cheng & L.K.Fu, Acta Phytotax. Sin., 13(4): 85 (1975)
= Pinus insularis var. tenuifolia (W.C.Cheng & Y.W.Law) Silba, Phytologia, 68(1): 51 (1990)
= Pinus insularis var. yunnanensis (Franch.) Silba, Phytologia Mem., 7: 52 (1984)
= Pinus kesiya ssp. yunnanensis (Franch.) Businský, Acta Pruhoniciana, 68: 24 (1999)
= Pinus sinensis var. yunnanensis (Franch.) Shaw, Pl. Wilson. 2: 17 (1914)
= Pinus tabuliformis var. yunnanensis (Franch.) Dallim. & A.B.Jacks., Handb. Conif. ed. 3: 563 (1948)
= Pinus yunnanensis ssp. tenuifolia (W.C.Cheng & Y.W.Law) Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 16(1): 37 (2009)
= Pinus yunnanensis var. tenuifolia W.C.Cheng & Y.W.Law ex C.Y.Cheng, W.C.Cheng & L.K.Fu, Acta Phytotax. Sin., 13(4): 85 (1975)
variant :
var. pygmaea (Hsueh) Hsueh; Fl. Reipubl. Popul. Sin., 7: 258 (1978)
Distribution: China (SW-Sichuan, Yunnan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus yunnanensis ssp. pygmaea (Hsueh ex C.Y.Cheng, W.C.Cheng & L.K.Fu) Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 16(1): 36 (2009)
= Pinus tabuliformis var. pygmaea (Hsueh) Silba, Phytologia, 68(1): 63 (1990)
species :
Pinus ×ascendens Businský; Phyton (Horn) 50(1): 51(fig.6) [nothossp.]
subspecies :
subsp. ascendens
Distribution: Switzerland; ?Germany
11 SWI
Remarks: Pinus mugo x uncinata
subspecies :
subsp. skalickyi Businský; Phyton (Horn) 50(1): 52 (-53) [nothossp.]
Distribution: Czech Republic
11 CZE
species :
Pinus ×attenuradiata Stockw. & Righter; Madrono, 8: 160 (1946)
Distribution: W-USA (California)
76 USA
Remarks: Pinus attenuata x Pinus radiata
species :
Pinus ×banatica (Georgescu & Ionescu) Georgescu & Ionescu; Fedde. Repert 41: 183 (1936)
Distribution: Slovenia
13 SLV
Conservation Status: IUCN I
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus nigra var. banatica Georgescu & Ionescu
species :
Pinus ×celakovskyorum Asch. & Graebn.; 230 (1897)
Distribution: Germany (Baden-Württemberg, Bayern)
11 GER
Remarks: Pinus mugo x sylvestris
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus ×celakovskyorum f. coerulea Bertsch [12 (1906)]
= Pinus ×celakovskyorum f. heterophylla Bertsch [11 (1906)]
= Pinus ×celakovskyorum f. viridis Bertsch [11 (1906)]
species :
Pinus ×cerambycifera Businský; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 125(1): 13 (2003)
Distribution: China (Anhui)
36 CHI
species :
Pinus ×critchfieldii Businský; Feddes Repert. 123(3): 212 (2013)
Distribution: Caucasus
species :
Pinus ×densithunbergii Uyeki; Sci. Rep. Matsuyama Agric. Coll., No. 10 (Not. Pl. Lign. Sikok. II.) 6-(1953)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu); South Korea
38 JAP KOR
Remarks: Pinus densiflora x P. thunbergii
species :
Pinus ×digenea Beck; 77 (1888)
Distribution: Germany (Bayern); Austria
11 AUT GER
Remarks: Pinus rotundata x sylvestris
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus ×digenea f. lucida Bertsch [10 (1906)]
= Pinus ×digenea f. pedunculata Bertsch [10 (1906)]
= Pinus ×digenea f. subconica Bertsch [11 (1906)]
= Pinus ×digenea f. submontana Bertsch [11 (1906)]
= Pinus ×digenea Wettst., Oest. Bot. Zeitschr. 39: 108 (1889)
= Pinus ×rhaetica nothossp. digenea (Beck) K.Richt., Pl. Eur. 1: 3 (1890)
= Pinus ×suevica Bertsch, 10 (1906)
= Pinus ×wettsteinii Fritsch, Oest. Bot. Zeitschr. 39: 153 (1889)
species :
Pinus ×funebris Kom.; Act. Hort. Petrop. 20: 177
Distribution: Russian Far East; China
31 RFE 36 CHI
Remarks: Pinus densiflora Siebold & Zucc. x Pinus sylvestris L.
species :
Pinus ×hakkodensis Makino; Fl. Japon. ed. 2: 148 (1931)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu, Hokkaido)
38 JAP
Remarks: Pinus parviflora var. pentaphylla x P. pumila
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus pentaphylla var. hakkodensis (Makino) Kusaka, Iwata & Kusaka, Conif. Jap. Ill. ed. 2: 151 (1954)
species :
Pinus ×hayatana Businský; Willdenowia 34(1): 245 (2004)
Distribution: Taiwan
38 TAI
species :
Pinus ×hunnewelli Alb.G.Johnson; Journ. Arn. Arb. 33: 183 (1952)
Distribution: USA (Massachusetts)
75 USA
species :
Pinus ×istratovae L.V.Orlova; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 33: 23 (2001)
Distribution: Caucasus
species :
Pinus ×litvinovii L.V.Orlova; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 33: 36 (2001)
Distribution: Siberia (Chita)
30 SIB
species :
Pinus ×murraybanksiana Righter & Stockw.; Madroño, 10: 69 (1949), hybr. artef.
Distribution: Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Saskatchewan)
71 CDN
Remarks: Pinus banksiana x Pinus contorta
species :
Pinus ×neilreichiana Reichardt; Verh. Zool. Bot. Ges. Wien 26: 461 (1876)
Distribution: Austria
11 AUT
Remarks: Pinus sylvestris x P. nigra
species :
Pinus ×naxiorum Businský; Harvard Pap. Bot. 13(1): 11 (2008)
Distribution: China (Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Pinus ×rhaetica Brügger; Jahrb. Ber. Nat. Ges. Graub. II. 23-24: 121 (1880)
Distribution: Czech Republic; Germany; Austria; Carpathians; etc.
11 AUT CZE GER
Remarks: Pinus mugo ssp. mugo x Pinus sylvestris
Synonyms: hidden
= Pinus montana f. uncinata ×sylvestris f.engadinensis
= Pinus ×bougetii Flous in P.A.Schmidt, 12 (2011), nom. inval.
= Pinus ×rhaetica Brügger, 49 (1874), nom. inval., et 173 (1886)
= Pinus ×rhaetica var. bolosii Rivas Mart., M.J.Costa & P.Soriano, Itinera Geobot. 15(2): 705 (2002) [nothovar.]
= Pinus ×rhaetica var. borgiae Rivas Mart., M.J.Costa & P.Soriano, Itinera Geobot. 15(2): 705 (2002) [nothovar.]
= Pinus ×rhaetica var. christii Brügger [Jahresber.Naturf.Ges.Graubündens n.s., 29: 176 (1886)]
= Pinus ×rhaetica var. heerii Brügger [Jahresber.Naturf.Ges.Graubündens n.s., 29: 175 (1886)]
= Pinus ×rhaetica var. pyramidalis Brügger [Jahresber.Naturf.Ges.Graubündens n.s., 29: 175 (1886)]
species :
Pinus ×sondereggeri H.H.Chapm. ex Sudw.; Check List For. Trees U. S. ed. 2: 22 (1927)
Distribution: USA (Louisiana, North Carolina, Texas)
77 USA 78 USA
Remarks: Pinus palustris x Pinus taeda
species :
Pinus ×taihangshanensis Hu & T.Y.Yao; Bull. Fan Mem. Inst. Biol. 6: 167 (1935)
Distribution: China (Hunan)
36 CHI
species :
Pinus ×transamericana Businský; Feddes Repert. 123(3): 210 (2013)
Distribution: Caucasus
...

A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 13.2 (July 2022)

Covering 354,860 valid species, 42,872 valid infraspecific taxa and 857,990 synonyms


Ferns, Lycophytes, Gymnosperms, Basal Angiosperms, Mono- and Dicotyledonae

With complete, detailed distribution data (countries and regions) and literature references

Arranged in linear phylogenetic sequence reflecting true relationships

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Assembled through 30 years independently from other databases

In cooperation with Catalogue of Life