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Ver. 19.2
April 1st, 2024

174.0000 Family Poaceae Barnhart; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 22: 7 (1895), nom. cons., nom. alt.
ca. 800 genera, ca. 12.000 spp. worldwide. Systematics following Soreng et al. (2017) and Soreng et al. (2022)
Species listed in database: 12072; hybrids: 386
= Aegilopaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 221 (1820)
= Agrostidaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 264 (1820)
= Alopecuraceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 19 (1820)
= Andropogonaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 28 (1820)
= Anomochloaceae Nakai; Chosakuronbun Mokuroku [Ord. Fam. Trib. Nov.]: 222 (1943)
= Anthoxanthaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 271 (1827)
= Arundinaceae Döll; Rhein. Fl.: 60 (1843)
= Arundinellaceae Herter; Revista Sudamer. Bot. 6: 136 (1940)
= Asperellaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 106, 270 (1827)
= Avenaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 60. 31 (1820)
= Bambusaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 265 (1820)
= Bromaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 264 (1820)
= Cenchraceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 9, 268 (1827)
= Chaeturaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 106, 269 (1827)
= Chloridaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 265 (1820)
= Chondrosaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 269 (1827)
= Coleanthaceae Pfeiff.; Nomencl. Bot. 1(2): 818. ante (1873)
= Cynodontaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 51, 269 (1827)
= Cynosuraceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 271, 272 (1827)
= Echinariaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 271 (1827)
= Ehrhartaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 271 (1827)
= Eragrostidaceae Herter; Revista Sudamer. Bot. 6: 145 (1940)
= Festucaceae Spreng.; J. Sadler, Fl. Comit. Pest. 1: 28 (1825)
= Glyceriaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 271 (1827)
= Gramineae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 28 (1789), nom. cons.
= Holcaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 2: 252 (1833)
= Hordeaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 265 (1820)
= Laguraceae Link; Hort. Berol. 2: 250 (1833)
= Lepturaceae Herter; Revista Sudamer. Bot. 6: 147 (1940)
= Loliaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 6, 267 (1827)
= Melicaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 390 (1820)
= Miliaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 91, 270 (1827)
= Nardaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 413 (1820)
= Olyraceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 265 (1820)
= Ophiuraceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 3, 268 (1827)
= Oryzaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 265 (1820)
= Panicaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 264 (1820)
= Pappophoraceae Herter; Revista Sudamer. Bot. 6: 145 (1940)
= Parianaceae Nakai; Chosakuronbun Mokuroku [Ord. Fam. Trib. Nov.]: 222 (1943)
= Paspalaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 47, 269 (1827)
= Phalaridaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 2: 250 (1833)
= Pharaceae Herter; Revista Sudamer. Bot. 6: 139 (1940)
= Phleaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 269 (1827)
= Saccharaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 265 (1820)
= Sesleriaceae Döll; Rhein. Fl.: 60 (1843)
= Spartinaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 46, 268 (1827)
= Stipaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 264 (1820)
= Streptochaetaceae Nakai; Chosakuronbun Mokuroku [Ord. Fam. Trib. Nov.]: 222 (1943)
= Triticaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 22, 268 (1827)
= Zeaceae A.J.Kern.; Pflanzenleben 2: 651 (1891)
= Zoysiaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 8, 268 (1827)
174.4557 Genus Piptatherum P.Beauv.; Agrost. 17. t. 5, f. 10, 11 (1812)
Distribution: Europe to China. There is considerable confusion over validity of Piptatherum vs. Oryzopsis, handled differently in various floras.
Species listed in database: 31
= Urachne Trin.; Fund. Agrost. 109 (1820)
species :
Piptatherum aequiglume (Duthie ex Hook.f.) Roshev.; Bot. Mater. Gerb. Bot. Inst. Komarova Acad. Nauk SSSR 14: 113 (1951)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Nangarhar); China (Sichuan, Yunnan); Tibet; Pakistan (Baluchistan, Hazara); Nepal; Bhutan; NW-India (Jammu & Kashmir, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Garhwal)
34 AFG 36 CHI TIB 40 BHU IND NEP PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Oryzopsis aequiglumis Duthie; Grasses N. W. Ind. 27 (1883)
= Oryzopsis aequiglumis Duthie ex Hook.f.; Fl. Brit. India 7: 234 (1896)
= Oryzopsis duthiei Hack. ex Hook.f.; Fl. Brit. India 7: 234 (1896), pro syn.
= Oryzopsis multiradiata (Hack.) Hand.-Mazz.; Symb. Sin. Pt. VII. 1295 (1936)
= Piptatherum sinense Mez; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 17: 211 (1921)
variant :
var. fasciculatum (Hack.) Freitag; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 33(3): 379 (1975)
Distribution: Turkmenistan; Afghanistan (Nangarhar); Pakistan (Swat, Hazara, Astor); NW-India (Jammu & Kashmir, Zanskar)
32 TKM 34 AFG 40 IND PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Piptatherum fasciculatum (Hack.) Roshev.; Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS 14: 114 (1951)
= Oryzopsis fasciculata Hack.; Oesterr. Bot. Z., 10 (1902)
variant :
var. ligulatum (P.C.Kuo & Z.L.Wu) S.M.Phillips & Z.L.Wu; Novon 15. 475 (2005)
Distribution: China (Yunnan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Oryzopsis aequiglumis var. ligulata P.C.Kuo & Z.L.Wu; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 19(4): 435 (1981)
species :
Piptatherum alpestre (Grigorj.) Roshev.; Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS 14: 120 (1951)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Afghanistan (Baghlan)
32 KAZ KGZ TZK UZB 34 AFG
Synonyms: hidden
= Oryzopsis alpestris Grig.; Trudy Tadzhikistansk. Bazy 8: 579 (1938 publ. 1940)
= Piptatherum laterale subsp. alpestre (Grig.) Freitag; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh. 33(3): 394 (1975)
species :
Piptatherum angustifolium (Regel) Munro ex Aitch.; J. Linn. Soc. 18: 106 (1880)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Bamyan, Ghazni, Kabul, Kunar / Nuristan, Laghman, Logar, Wardak, Paktia / Khost, Parwan); Pakistan (Kurram)
34 AFG 40 PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Milium coerulescens var. angustifolium Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 2: 644 (1881)
= Oryzopsis angustifolia (Regel) Kitam.; Fl. Afgh. (Results Kyoto Univ. Sci. Exped. Hinduk., ii.) 40 (1955 publ. 1960)
= Oryzopsis microcarpa var. pubescens Bor; Fl. Iranica 70: 405 (1970)
= Piptatherum angustifolium var. pubescens (Bor) Freitag; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 33(3): 369 (1975)
species :
Piptatherum baluchistanicum Freitag; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 33: 388 (1975)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Ghazni)
34 AFG
species :
Piptatherum barbellatum Mez; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 17: 211 (1921)
Distribution: S-Iran; Afghanistan (Bamyan, Ghazni, Ghorat, Kabul, Wardak); Pakistan (Baluchistan)
34 AFG IRN 40 PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Oryzopsis barbellata (Mez) Bor; K. Danske Vid. Selsk., Biol. Skrift. 14: No. 4 (Symb. Afgh. VI.) 78(1965)
species :
Piptatherum blancheanum Desv. ex Boiss.; Diagn. ser. 2, 4: 127 (1859)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (N-Israel); Jordania (W-Jordania)
34 ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Oryzopsis blancheana (É.Desv. ex Boiss.) D.Heller; Consp. Fl. Orient. 6: 72 (1991)
= Oryzopsis holciformis var. blancheana (É.Desv. ex Boiss.) Bornm.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 33: 267 (1915)
= Piptatherum holciforme var. blancheanum (É.Desv. ex Boiss.) Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 5: 508 (1884)
species :
Piptatherum chinense (Hitchc.) Y.Z.Zhao; Classific. Florist. Ecol. Geogr. Distrib. Vasc. Pl. Inner Mongolia 659 (2012)
Distribution: China (Gansu, Hebei, Henan, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shanxi)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Achnatherum chinense (Hitchc.) Tzvelev; Akad. Nauk SSSR Bot. Inst. Komarova, Rast. Tsentral. Azii, Fasc. 4, 40 (1968)
= Oryzopsis chinensis Hitchc.; Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 43: 92 (1930)
= Piptatherum parviflorum Roshev.; Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad Sci. URSS 14: 126 (1951)
species :
Piptatherum coerulescens (Desf.) P.Beauv.; Ess. Agrost. 18, 173 (1812)
Name: Bläuliches Reisgras (DE); Bluish Ricegrass (EN), Alpistillo (ES)
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); ?Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Morocco; Algeria (incl. Hoggar, C-Saharan Mts.); Tunisia; Libya; Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera); East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus); Lebanon (coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (W-Syrian Mountains); Pakistan (Baluchistan, Quetta)
12 BAL COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 GRC ITA KRI PEL SIC TUE 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN 21 CNY 34 CYP EAI LEB SYR TUR 40 PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Agrostis coerulescens (Desf.) Poir.; Lam., Encycl., Suppl. 1: 258 (1810)
= Milium coerulescens Desf.; Fl. Atlant. 1: 66, t. 12 (1798)
= Oryzopsis coerulescens (Desf.) Hack.; Denkschr. Akad. Wiss. Wien Math.-Nat. Kl. 50 2: 8 (1885)
= Oryzopsis coerulescens var. straminea (Hausskn.) Halácsy; Consp. Fl. Graec. 3: 345 (1904)
= Piptatherum coerulescens var. stramineum Hausskn.; Mitth. Thüring. Bot. Vereins, n.f. 14: 42 (1899)
= Stipa coerulescens (Desf.) Raspail; Ann. Sci. Nat. (Paris) 5: 449 (1825)
= Urachne coerulescens (Desf.) Trin.; Fund. Agrost.: 110 (1820)
species :
Piptatherum denaense Hamzehee & Assadi; Iranian J. Bot. 21(1): 2 (2015)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Piptatherum ferganense (Litv.) Roshev.(Litv.) Roshev.; Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS 14: 115 (1951) ex Nikitina
Distribution: Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan
32 KGZ TZK UZB
Synonyms: hidden
= Oryzopsis ferganensis Litv.; Kom., Fl. URSS 2: 116, 742 (1934)
species :
Piptatherum flaccidum Freitag; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 33: 387 (1975)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Bamyan, Ghazni, Ghorat, Kabul, Logar, Wardak, Paktia / Khost, Parwan)
34 AFG
Synonyms: hidden
= Piptatherum flaccidum var. pubescens Freitag; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 33: 389 (1975)
species :
Piptatherum fumeauxii F.M.Vázquez, Chamboul. & C.Chatel.; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 59(1): 244 (2022)
Distribution: Algeria
20 ALG
species :
Piptatherum gracile Mez; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 1 7: 211 (1921)
Distribution: Tajikistan; Afghanistan (Wakhan); China (Sichuan, Yunnan); Tibet; Pakistan (Baluchistan, Chitral, Swat, Gilgit, Baltistan); Nepal; NW-India (Jammu & Kashmir, Kunawur, Ladakh, Leh, Zanskar)
32 TZK 34 AFG 36 CHI TIB 40 IND NEP PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Oryzopsis brachyclada Pilg.; Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin, xiv 345 (1939)
= Oryzopsis effusa Hack. ex Hook.f.; Fl. Brit. India 7: 234 (1896), pro syn.
= Oryzopsis gracilis (Mez) Pilg.; Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 14: 347(1939)
= Oryzopsis lateralis var. effusa Stapf; Fl. Brit. India 7: 234 (1896)
= Piptatherum brachycladum (Pilg.) Romasch.; Taxon 60(6): 1712 (2011)
species :
Piptatherum grandispiculum (P.C.Kuo & Z.L.Wu) S.M.Phillips & Z.L.Wu; Novon 15. 475 (2005)
Distribution: Tibet
36 TIB
Synonyms: hidden
= Oryzopsis grandispicula P.C.Kuo & Z.L.Wu; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 19: 435 (1981)
= Oryzopsis macrospicula P.C.Kuo & Z.L.Wu; Fl. Xizang. 5: 246 (1987)
species :
Piptatherum grigorjevii Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 11: 10 (1974)
Distribution: Turkmenistan
32 TKM
species :
Piptatherum helanshanense L.Q.Zhao & Y.Z.Zhao; Fl. Intramongol. [ed. 3] 6: 203 (2020)
Distribution: China (Nei Mongol)
36 CHI
species :
Piptatherum hilariae Pazij; Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. & Zool. Acad. Sci. Uzbekistan. 10: 20 (1948)
Distribution: Tajikistan; Afghanistan (Kunar / Nuristan, Nangarhar, Paktia / Khost); Tibet; Pakistan (Chitral, Baluchistan, Kurram); Nepal; NW-India (Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand)
32 TZK 34 AFG 36 TIB 40 IND NEP PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Oryzopsis hilariae (Pazij) Uniyal; Uniyal, B. Balodi & B. Nath, Grasses of Uttar Pradesh: 64 (1994)
= Oryzopsis humilis Bor; Kew Bull. 7: 445 (1951 publ. 1952)
= Oryzopsis wendelboi Bor; Nytt Mag. Bot., Oslo 1: 16 (1952)
= Piptatherum badachschanicum (Tzvelev) Ikonn.; Opred. Vyssh. Rast. Badakhshana: 86 (1979)
= Piptatherum binabium Pazij; Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS 11: 32 (1949)
= Piptatherum hilariae subsp. badachschanicum Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 11: 12 (1974)
= Piptatherum humile (Bor) B.K.Gupta; Living Himalayas 2: 486 (1989), isonym
= Piptatherum humile (Bor) S.Kumar & Raizada; Indian J. Forest. 9(2): 177 (1986)
= Piptatherum schugnanicum Roshev.; Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad Sci. URSS 11: 24 (1949)
= Piptatherum tremuloides Ovcz. & Czukav.; Izv. Akad. Nauk Tadzhiksk. S.S.R., Otd. Biol. Nauk 10: 57 (1955)
species :
Piptatherum holciforme (M.Bieb.) Roem. & Schult.; Syst. Veg. ed. 15, 2: 328 (1817)
subspecies :
subsp. holciforme
Distribution: Germany [I]; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; Greece; Crimea; ?Morocco; Libya; Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq); Iran (EC-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Bamyan, Kabul, Takhar); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, C-Syrian Desert, Jbel Druze, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (coastal W-Israel, N-Israel); Sinai peninsula (S-Sinai); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Saudi Arabia (Asir); Yemen (N-Inner Yemen, W-Yemen)
11 ger 13 ALB BIH BUL GRC KOS MNT NMA ROM SRB 14 KRY 20 LBY 32 KAZ TKM UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SIN SYR TUR 35 SAU YEM
Synonyms: hidden
= Agrostis holciformis M.Bieb.; Fl. Taur.-Caucas. 1: 54 (1808)
= Milium holciforme (M.Bieb.) Spreng.; Syst. Veg. 1: 251 (1824)
= Oryzopsis coerulescens var. grandis Pamp.; Arch. Bot. (Forlì) 12: 20 (1936)
= Oryzopsis grandis (Pamp.) Maire & Weiller; Fl. Afrique N. 2: 87 (1953)
= Oryzopsis holciformis (M.Bieb.) Hack.; Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Wien. Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 50: 8 (1885)
= Oryzopsis holciformis f. alpina Roshev.; Fedtsch. et al., Fl. Turkmen. 1: 82 (1932)
= Oryzopsis holciformis f. angustifolia Roshev.; Fedtsch. et al., Fl. Turkmen. 1: 82 (1932)
= Oryzopsis holciformis f. latifolia Roshev.; Fedtsch. et al., Fl. Turkmen. 1: 82 (1932)
= Oryzopsis holciformis var. glabra (Freitag) D.Heller; Conspect. Fl. Oriental. 6: 186 (1991)
= Oryzopsis kopetdaghensis Roshev.; V. L. Kom. (ed.), Fl. URSS 2: 743 (1934)
= Piptatherum holciforme var. glabrum Freitag; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 33: 372 (1975)
= Piptatherum karataviense Roshev.; Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS 11: 22 (1949)
= Piptatherum kopetdagense (Roshev.) Romasch.; Taxon 60(6): 1712 (2011)
= Piptatherum sinaicum Boiss. ex Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 122 (1854), pro syn.
= Urachne grandiflora Trin.; Gram. Unifl. Sesquifl.: 174 (1824), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Urachne holciformis (M.Bieb.) K.Koch; Linnaea 21: 439 (1848)
= Urachne sinaica Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 122 (1854)
subspecies :
subsp. abyssinicum Freitag; Davis & Hedge Festschrift (ed. Kit Tan): 117 (1989)
Distribution: Ethiopia; Eritrea; Saudi Arabia; Yemen
24 ERI ETH 35 SAU YEM
Synonyms: hidden
= Oryzopsis holciformis subsp. abyssinica (Freitag) D.Heller; Conspect. Fl. Oriental. 6: 186 (1991)
= Oryzopsis holciformis subsp. abyssinica (Freitag) Cope; Kew Bull. 47(4): 655 (1992), isonym
subspecies :
subsp. longiglume (Hausskn.) Freitag ex F.M.Vázquez & Marquez; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 59(1): 314 (2022)
Distribution: Greece; E-Mediterranean; Turkey
13 GRC 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Oryzopsis holciformis var. epilosa (Freitag) D.Heller; Consp. Fl. Orient. 6: 186 (1991)
= Oryzopsis holciformis var. longiglumis (Hausskn.) Halácsy; Consp. Fl. Graec. 3: 354 (1904)
= Piptatherum holciforme var. epilosum Freitag; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 33: 372 (1975)
= Piptatherum holciforme var. longiglume Hausskn.; Mitth. Thyring. Bot. Vereins n.f., 13-14: 42 (1899)
= Piptatherum longiglume (Hausskn.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 12(4): 429 (1977)
species :
Piptatherum laterale (Regel) Nevski; Trudy Bot. Inst. Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R., Ser. 1, Fl. Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 4: 217 (1937)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkey (E-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Wakhan, Baghlan, Bamyan, Ghazni, Kabul, Logar, Wardak, Orozgan / Daykundi, Paktia / Khost, Parwan); Tibet; Pakistan (Baluchistan, Kurram, Chitral, Swat, Hazara, Murree, Azad Kashmir, Astor, Baltistan, Karakorum, Hunza); Nepal; NW-India (Dras, Ladakh, Zanskar, Jammu & Kashmir, Lahul)
32 KAZ KGZ TZK UZB 34 AFG IRN IRQ TUR 36 TIB 40 IND NEP PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Milium laterale Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 7: 645 (1880)
= Oryzopsis lateralis (Regel) Stapf; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 7: 234 (1896)
= Oryzopsis lateralis subsp. verticillatum Freitag; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 33(3): 394 (1975)
= Oryzopsis molinioides var. pubiflora (Hack.) Bornm.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 33: 215 (1915)
= Oryzopsis pubiflora Hack.; Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Wien. Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 50: 8 (1885)
= Oryzopsis vavilovii Roshev; Bull. Applied Bot., Leningrad 19: No. 1, 123 (1928)
= Piptatherum laterale subsp. verticillatum Freitag; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 33: 394 (1975)
= Piptatherum pubiflorum (Hack.) Roshev.; Bot. Mater. Gerb. Bot. Inst. Komarova Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R. 14: 111 (1951)
= Piptatherum strictum Munro ex Hook.f.; Fl. Brit. India 7: 234 (1896), pro syn.
= Piptatherum vavilovii (Roshev.) Roshev.; Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad Sci. URSS 14: 118 (1951)
species :
Piptatherum latifolium (Roshev.) Nevski; Acta Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS, Ser. I. Fasc. 4, 336 (1937)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Afghanistan (Badakshan, Badghys, Balkh)
32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 34 AFG
Synonyms: hidden
= Oryzopsis latifolia Roshev.; Kom., Fl. URSS 2: 116, 743 (1934)
species :
Piptatherum microcarpum (Pilg.) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 11: 12 (1974)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Iran (NE-Iran: Mts.); Afghanistan (Baghlan, Balkh, Bamyan, Faryab, Kabul, Kandahar, Laghman, Wardak, Paktia / Khost, Parwan, Samangan, Takhar); Pakistan (Baluchistan, Kurram, Chitral, Swat, Astor, Hunza); NW-India (Jammu & Kashmir)
32 KAZ KGZ TZK UZB 34 AFG IRN 40 IND PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Oryzopsis coerulescens Roshev.; Fl. URSS, ed. Kom. 2: 114 (1934), rossice [non (Desv.) Hack.]
= Oryzopsis microcarpa Pilg.; Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 14: 346 (1939)
= Oryzopsis vicaria Grig.; Trudy Tadzhik. Baz. Akad. Nauk SSSR 8: 574 (1938) ex Drobow, Fl. Uzbekist., ed. Schreder 1: 186 (1941)
= Piptatherum vicarium (Grig.) Roshev.; Bot. Mater. Gerb. Bot. Inst. Komarova Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R. 14: 105 (1951)
species :
Piptatherum molinioides Boiss.; Diagn. ser. 7: 121 (1846)
Distribution: Turkmenistan; Azerbaijan (Nachichevan); Iran (EC-Iran, N-Iran, W-Iran); Pakistan (Baluchistan, Kurram); ?NW-India
32 TKM 33 AZE 34 IRN 40 PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Milium holciforme var. sphacelatum (Boiss. & Buhse) Regel; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 41(II): 303 (1869)
= Oryzopsis molinioides (Boiss.) Hack.; Vidensk. Medd. Dansk. Naturh. For. 1903: 165 (1903)
= Oryzopsis molinioides f. alpina Roshev.; Fedtsch. et al., Fl. Turkmen. 1: 82 (1932)
= Oryzopsis sphacelata (Boiss. & Buhse) Hack.; Vidensk. Meddel. Nat. For. Kjobenh., 165 (1903), in obs.
= Piptatherum sphacelatum (Boiss. & Buhse) Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 5: 508 (1884)
= Urachne molinioides (Boiss.) Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 122 (1854)
= Urachne sphacelata Boiss. & Buhse; Nouv. Mem. Soc. Nat. Mosc. 12: 230 (1860)
species :
Piptatherum munroi (Stapf) Mez; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 17: 212 (1921)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Kunar / Nuristan, Nangarhar, Paktia / Khost); China (Gansu, Guizhou, Qinghai, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Yunnan); Tibet; Pakistan (Swat, Baluchistan, Kurram, Chitral, Dir, Swat, Hazara, Astor, Baltistan, Azad Kashmir); Nepal; Bhutan; N-India (Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Uttarakhand, Ladakh, Zanskar, Garhwal)
34 AFG 36 CHI TIB 40 BHU IND NEP PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Oryzopsis divulsa C.B.Clarke ex Hook.f.; Fl. Brit. India 7: 234 (1896), pro syn.
= Oryzopsis geminiramula Ohwi; Acta Phytotax. & Geobot., Kyoto 17: 14 (1957)
= Oryzopsis kashmirensis Hack. ex Hook.f.; Fl. Brit. India 7: 234 (1896), pro syn.
= Oryzopsis munroi Stapf; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 7: 234 (1896)
= Piptatherum songaricum Duthie; Atkinson, Gaz. N. W. Ind. 10: 626 (1878), nom. nud.
variant :
var. parviflorum (Z.L.Wu) S.M.Phillips & Z.L.Wu; Novon 15: 475 (2005)
Distribution: China (Gansu, Qinghai); Pakistan; India (S-Gwalior, Pulga)
36 CHI 40 IND PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Oryzopsis munroi var. parviflora Z.L.Wu; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 30(2): 174 (1992)
= Oryzopsis stewartiana Bor; Kew Bull. 8: 272 (1953)
species :
Piptatherum pamiroalaicum (Grigorj.) Roshev.; Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad Sci. URSS 14: 123 (1951)
Distribution: Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Tajikistan; Afghanistan (Wakhan, Baghlan)
32 TKM TZK UZB 34 AFG
Synonyms: hidden
= Oryzopsis pamiroalaica Grig.; Trudy Tadzhik. Akad. Nauk 8: 582 (1940)
species :
Piptatherum platyanthum Nevski; Acta Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS, Ser. I. Fasc. 4, 336 (1937)
Distribution: Uzbekistan; Tajikistan; Iran (N-Iran); Afghanistan (Wakhan, Bamyan, Herat)
32 TZK UZB 34 AFG IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Oryzopsis platyantha (Nevski) Drobow & Vved.; Fl. Uzbekist., ed. Schreder 1: 189 (1941), isonym
= Oryzopsis platyantha (Nevski) Grig.; Trudy Tadzhikistansk. Bazy 8: 578 (1938 publ. 1940)
= Oryzopsis platyantha var. glabra (Freitag) D.Heller; Conspect. Fl. Oriental. 6: 186 (1991)
= Piptatherum platyanthum var. glabrum Freitag; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 33: 397 (1975)
species :
Piptatherum purpurascens (Hack. ex Paulsen) Roshev.; Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad Sci. URSS 14: 122 (1951)
Distribution: Tajikistan; Afghanistan (Badakshan, Wakhan, Baghlan, Bamyan, Ghazni, Kabul, Wardak, Parwan)
32 TZK 34 AFG
Synonyms: hidden
= Oryzopsis purpurascens Hack. ex Paulsen; Vidensk. Meddel. Naturhist. Foren. Kjøbenhavn, 164 (1903)
species :
Piptatherum rechingeri (Bor) Freitag; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 33(3): 397 (1975)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Ghazni)
34 AFG
Synonyms: hidden
= Oryzopsis rechingeri Bor; Rech.f., Fl. Iranica 70: 402 (1970)
species :
Piptatherum roshevitsianum Tzvelev; Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS 20: 414 (1960)
Distribution: Turkmenistan
32 TKM
species :
Piptatherum sogdianum (Grigorj.) Roshev.; Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad Sci. URSS 14: 116 (1951)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Tajikistan; Iran (NE-Iran: Mts.); China (Xinjiang); Mongolia
32 KAZ TKM TZK UZB 34 IRN 36 CHI 37 MON
Synonyms: hidden
= Oryzopsis sogdiana Grig.; Trudy Tadzhik. Akad. Nauk 8: 576 (1940)
= Piptatherum fedtschenkoi Roshev.; Bot. Mater. Gerb. Bot. Inst. Komarova Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R. 11: 25 (1949)
= Piptatherum hissaricum (Tzvelev) Czerep.; Sosud. Rast. SSSR: 373 (1981)
= Piptatherum sogdianum subsp. fedtschenkoi (Roshev.) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 11: 10 (1974)
= Piptatherum sogdianum subsp. hissaricum Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 11: 10 (1974)
species :
Piptatherum songaricum (Trin. & Rupr.) Roshev.; Bot. Mater. Gerb. Bot. Inst. Komarova Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R. 14: 106 (1951)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan
32 KAZ KGZ TZK UZB
Synonyms: hidden
= Milium coerulescens var. kokanicum Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 2: 644 (1881)
= Milium coerulescens var. songaricum (Trin. & Rupr.) Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 7: 644 (1881)
= Milium holciforme var. songaricum (Trin. & Rupr.) Griseb.; Ledeb., Fl. Ross. 4: 466 (1852)
= Oryzopsis holciformis var. kokanica (Regel) Roshev.; Fedtsch., Fl. Asiat. Ross. 12: 181 (1916)
= Oryzopsis kokanica (Regel) Roshev.; Kom., Fl. URSS 2: 115. 742 (1934)
= Oryzopsis songarica (Trin. & Rupr.) B.Fedtsch.; Rast. Turk. 94 (1915)
= Oryzopsis tianschanica Drobow & Vved.; Fl. Uzbekist., ed. Schreder 1: 188, 537 (1941)
= Piptatherum kokanicum (Regel) Nevski; Trudy Bot. Inst. Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R., Ser. 1, Fl. Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 4: 217 (1937)
= Piptatherum sogdianum subsp. tianschanicum (Drobow & Vved.) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 11: 9 (1974)
= Piptatherum songaricum subsp. tianschanicum (Drobow & Vved.) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 11: 9 (1974)
= Piptatherum songaricum var. gracile Roshev.; Bot. Mater. Gerb. Bot. Inst. Komarova Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R. 14: 108 (1951)
= Piptatherum songaricum var. kokanicum (Regel) Roshev.; Bot. Mater. Gerb. Bot. Inst. Komarova Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R. 14: 108 (1951)
= Piptatherum songaricum var. rubescens Roshev.; Bot. Mater. Gerb. Bot. Inst. Komarova Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R. 14: 108 (1951)
= Piptatherum tianschanicum (Drobow & Vved.) Roshev. ex V.A.Nikitin; Fl. Kirgizsk. SSR 2: 66 (1950)
= Urachne songarica Trin. & Rupr.; Sp. Gram. Stipac.: 15 (1842)
species :
Piptatherum tibeticum Roshev.; Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad Sci. URSS 11: 23 (1949)
Distribution: China (Gansu, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan); Tibet; Nepal
36 CHI TIB 40 NEP
Synonyms: hidden
= Oryzopsis tibetica (Roshev.) P.C.Kuo; Fl. Tsinlingensis 1(1): 145 (1976)
variant :
var. psilolepis (P.C.Kuo & Z.L.Wu) S.M.Phillips & Z.L.Wu; Novon 15: 475 (2005)
Distribution: China (Sichuan); Tibet
36 CHI TIB
Synonyms: hidden
= Oryzopsis tibetica var. psilolepis P.C.Kuo & Z.L.Wu; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 19(4): 435 (1981)
= Oryzopsis psilolepis (P.C.Kuo & Z.L.Wu) L.Liu; Vasc. Pl. Hengduan Mount. 2: 2257 (1994)
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A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 19.2 (April 1st, 2024)

Covering 354,662 accepted species,
8,644 hybrids, 47,758 accepted infraspecific taxa and 996,179 synonyms,
in total 1,407,243* names

[*about 25,000 dubious, "unplaced" names and about 4,000 invalid names (Art. 24.3) like "typicus" are deliberately omitted]


With complete, detailed distribution data (countries and regions) and literature references

Arranged in linear phylogenetic sequence reflecting true relationships

Fully searchable and continously updated

With 38,290 pictures of 15,532 species

Assembled through 40 years independently from other databases

In cooperation with Catalogue of Life