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Ver. 18.4
Feb. 11th, 2024

461.0000 Family Plantaginaceae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 89 (1789), nom. cons.
93 genera, ca. 2050 spp.
Species listed in database: 2094; hybrids: 91
= Antirrhinaceae Pers.; Syn. Pl. 2: 154, 640 (1807)
= Aragoaceae D.Don; Edinburgh New Philos. J. 19: 109, 113 (1835)
= Callitrichaceae Link; Enum. Hort. Berol. Alt. 1: 7 (1821), nom. cons.
= Chelonaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 124 (1820)
= Digitalidaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 202 (1820)
= Ellisiophyllaceae Honda; M. Honda & M. Sakisaka, Daikou Nippon Shokubutsu Bunraigaku (Syst. Pl. Japon.): 372 (1930)
= Erinaceae Pfeiff.; Nomencl. Bot. 1: 1236 (1874)
= Globulariaceae DC.; Lam. & A. DC., Fl. Franç., ed. 3, 3: 427 (1805), nom. cons.
= Gratiolaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 294 (1820)
= Hippuridaceae Vest; Anleit. Stud. Bot.: 265, 278 (1818), nom. cons.
= Linariaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 243 (1820)
= Littorellaceae Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 290, 294 (1822)
= Oxycladaceae Schnizl.; Iconogr. Fam. Regni Veg. 2: ad t. 151xx (1857-1870)
= Psylliaceae Horan.; Prim. Lin. Syst. Nat.: 69 (1834)
= Sibthorpiaceae D.Don; Edinburgh New Philos. J. 19: 114 (1835)
= Trapellaceae Honda & Sakis.; Daikou Nippon Shokubutsu Bunraigaku [Syst. Pl. Japon.]: 378 (1930)
= Veronicaceae Cassel; Lehrb. Nat. Pflanzenord.: 366 (1817)
461.5203 Genus Plantago L.; Sp. Pl.: 112 (1753)
Distribution: cosmopolitan. Systematics see Shipunov et al. (2021)
Species listed in database: 238; hybrids: 2
= Arnoglossum Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 292 (1821 publ. 1822)
= Asterogeum Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 294 (1821 publ. 1822)
= Bougueria Decne.; Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 2, 5: 132 (1836)
= Coronopus Rchb.; Handb. Nat. Pfl.-Syst.: 202 (1837), nom. illeg.
= Lagopus (Gren. & Godr.) Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, n.s. 17: 140 (1869), nom. illeg.
= Plantaginella Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, n.s. 17: 140 (1869), nom. illeg.
= Psyllium Mill.; Gard. Dict. Abr. ed. 4.: s.p. (1754)
= Subularia Boehm.; Ludw. Defin. Gen. Pl., ed. Boehm., 500 (1760), non L.
species :
Plantago afra L.; Sp. Pl. ed. 2: 168 (1762)
Name: Flohsamen-Wegerich (DE); Glandular Plantain (EN); Zaragatona (ES)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Malta; Croatia; Albania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Morocco; Western Sahara; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt (Eastern Desert, NE-Egypt, SE-Egypt); Madeira (Madeira Isl.); Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro, La Palma); Cape Verde Isl. (Santo Antao Isl., Ilha de Sao Nicolau, Fogo Isl.); Mauritania; Niger; N-Chad (Tibesti); Sudan; Ethiopia; Eritrea; Somalia; Tanzania; South Africa [I]; Turkmenistan; Armenia; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq); Iran (E-Iran, N-Iran, S-Iran, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Kabul, Kandahar, Nangarhar); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, C-Syrian Desert, NW-Syria, Jbel Druze, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, N-Negev Desert, Judean Desert, S-Negev Desert, Negev Desert); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, N-Sinai, S-Sinai); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Saudi Arabia (N-Saudi Arabia, Midyan, Asir, Nejd Desert); Kuwait; Bahrain; Oman (Mascat & Oman); Pakistan (Baluchistan, N. W. Frontier Prov., Peshawar); Thailand [c]; +USA [I] (+Wisconsin [I]); Ecuador [I]; Bolivia [I]
11 ger 12 BAL COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BUL CRO GRC ITA KRI MLT SIC TUE 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN WSA 21 CNY CVI MDR 22 MTN NGR 24 CHA ERI ETH SOM SUD 25 TAN 27 saf 32 TKM 33 ARM 34 AFG CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SIN SYR TUR 35 BAR KUW OMA SAU 40 PAK 41 tha 74 usa 83 bol ecu
Remarks: Subgen. Psyllium. Often confused with P. indica
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago afra subsp. stricta (Schousb.) Zangh.; Fl. Ital. 1: 636 (1976) (comb. inval.)
= Plantago afra var. parviflora (Desf.) Lewalle; Bull. Inst. Sci. (Rabat) 2: 71 (1977)
= Plantago afra var. sicula (C.Presl) Guss.; Fl. Sicul. Syn. 1: 201 (1842)
= Plantago afra var. stricta (Schousb.) Verdc.; Kew Bull. 23: 509 (1969)
= Plantago agrestis Salzm. ex Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 2: 347 (1841), nom. inval.
= Plantago assoana Sennen; Diagn. Nouv.: 263 (1936)
= Plantago cynops L.; Sp. Pl. 116 (1753), nom. rej.
= Plantago cynopsidea Schult.; Observ. Bot.: 25 (1809)
= Plantago cynopsis St.-Lag.; Ann. Soc. Bot. Lyon 7: 132 (1880), orth. var.
= Plantago divaricata Zuccagni; Cent. Observ. Pl. 1: 14 (1806)
= Plantago durandoi Pomel; Nouv. Mat. Fl. Atl. 1: 125 (1874)
= Plantago eriocarpa Viv. ex Coss.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 12: 279 (1865), nom. inval.
= Plantago garganica Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 735 (1852)
= Plantago libyca Bég. & A.Vacc.; Ann. Bot. (Rome) 12: 119 (1913)
= Plantago parviflora Desf.; Fl. Atlant. 1: 141 (1798)
= Plantago parviflora Roem. & Schult.; Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis]. 3: 147 (1818), nom. inval.
= Plantago pseudopsyllium Desf.; Cat. Hort. Par. ed. III. 77 (1829)
= Plantago psyllium subsp. stricta (Schousb.) Batt.; Batt. & Trab., Fl. Algérie, Dicot.: 745 (1890)
= Plantago psyllium var. bracteosa Willk.; Willk. & Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 2: 351 (1868)
= Plantago psyllium var. dentifolia Willk.; Willk. & Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 2: 351 (1868)
= Plantago psyllium var. dubia Knoche; Fl. Baléar. 2: 414 (1922)
= Plantago psyllium var. durandoi (Pomel) Batt.; Batt. & Trab., Fl. Algérie, Dicot.: 745 (1890)
= Plantago psyllium var. libyca (Bég. & A.Vacc.) Pamp.; Prodr. Fl. Ciren.: 418 (1931)
= Plantago psyllium var. parviflora (Desf.) Batt.; Batt. & Trab., Fl. Algérie, Dicot.: 745 (1890)
= Plantago psyllium var. sicula (J.Presl & C.Presl) Samp.; Man. Fl. Port.: 416 (1914)
= Plantago psyllium var. stricta (Schousb.) Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 30: 300 (1939)
= Plantago rigida Roem. & Schult.; Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis]. 3: 144 (1818), nom. inval.
= Plantago rugosa Hochst.; Flora 24: I. Intell. 22 (1841), nomen, et ex Steud. in Flora 32: 413 (1849)
= Plantago sicula C.Presl; J. & C. Presl, Delic. Prag.: 70 (1822)
= Plantago squalida Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 47 (1796)
= Plantago stricta Schousb.; Jagttag. vextrig. Marokko: 69 (1800)
= Plantago stricta var. divaricata (Zuccagni) Barnéoud; Monogr. Plantag.: 48 (1845)
= Psyllium afrum (L.) Mirb.; Hist. Nat. Pl. 14: 334 (1805)
= Psyllium annuum Mirb.; Hist. Nat. Pl. 14: 332 (1805), nom. illeg.
= Psyllium erectum J.St.-Hil.; Expos. Fam. Nat. 1: 209 (1805), nom. illeg.
= Psyllium libycum (Bég. & A.Vacc.) Holub; Preslia 70(2): 109 (1998)
= Psyllium parviflorum (Desf.) Mirb.; Hist. Nat. Pl. 14: 334 (1805)
= Psyllium squalidum (Salisb.) Soják; Cas. Nár. Mus., Odd. Prir. 140: 131 (1972)
= Psyllium strictum (Schousb.) Mirb.; Hist. Pl. ed. II. 14: 333 (1800)
variant :
var. obtusata (Svent.) O.E.Erikss., A.Hansen & Sunding; Fl. Macaronesia, ed. 2, 1: 92 (1979)
Distribution: Islas Selvagens
21 SEL
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago psyllium var. obtusata Svent.
variant :
var. zwierleinii Nicotra; Naturalista Sicil. 10: 68 (1890)
Distribution: Pantelleria; Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa, Linosa)
13 PEL PTL
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago afra subsp. zwierleinii (Nicotra) Brullo; Doc. Phytosoc., N. S. 9: 9 (1985)
species :
Plantago africana Verdc.; Kew Bull. 23: 507 (1969)
Distribution: Ethiopia; Kenya
24 ETH 25 KEN
species :
Plantago akkensis Murb.; Acta Univ. Lund. ser. 2, 2(I): 67 (1905)
subspecies :
subsp. akkensis
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago akkensis Coss.; Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 22: 66 (1875), nomen
= Plantago marocana Batt. & Pit.; Pit., Contr. Fl. Maroc: 34 (1918)
subspecies :
subsp. ounifensis (Batt.) Maire; Jahand. & Maire, Cat. Pl. Maroc: 704 (1934)
Distribution: Morocco; Western Sahara; Algeria
20 ALG MOR WSA
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago ounifensis Batt.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 58: 437 (1911)
species :
Plantago albicans L.; Sp. Pl.: 114 (1753)
Name: Weißlicher Wegerich (DE); Whitish Plantain (EN); Llanten blanco (ES)
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; Baleares; France; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); Malta; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt (NE-Egypt, NW-coastal Egypt); Canary Isl. (Tenerife, Gran Canaria, Lanzarote, Fuerteventura); Mauritania; Ethiopia; Eritrea; Somalia; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus); Lebanon (coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert); Israel (C-Israel, coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, N-Negev Desert, Judean Desert, S-Negev Desert, Negev Desert); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, N-Sinai, S-Sinai); Jordania (S-Jordania); Saudi Arabia (C-Saudi Arabia, NE-Saudi Arabia, N-Saudi Arabia, Nafud Desert, Asir, Nejd Desert); Kuwait; Bahrain; Oman (Dhofar); Australia [I] (South Australia [I])
12 BAL FRA POR SAR SPA 13 GRC ITA KRI MLT PEL SIC 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 21 CNY 22 MTN 24 ERI ETH SOM 34 CYP EAI ISR JOR LEB SIN SYR TUR 35 BAR KUW OMA SAU 50 aus
Synonyms: hidden
= Lagopus albicans (L.) Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, N. S. 17: 140 (1869)
= Plantago albicans f. latifolia (Willk.) Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 18: 452 (1922)
= Plantago albicans f. major (Boiss.) Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 18: 452 (1922)
= Plantago albicans f. minor Gand.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 47: 140 (1900)
= Plantago albicans f. nana (Boiss.) Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 18: 453 (1922)
= Plantago albicans Schousb. ex Spreng.; Syst. Veg. ed. 16. 1: 439 (1824), nom. illeg.
= Plantago albicans subsp. lanuginosa (L.Chevall.) Le Houér.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 107: 27 (1960)
= Plantago albicans subsp. lanuginosa (L.Chevall.) Pott.-Alap.; Fl. Tunisie: 884 (1981) (comb. inval.)
= Plantago albicans var. angustifolia Guss.; Fl. Sicul. Syn. 1: 197 (1842)
= Plantago albicans var. desertica Pamp.; Agric. Colon. 22: 365 (1928)
= Plantago albicans var. humilis Ball; Spicil. Fl. Marocc. [Ball]: 635 (1878)
= Plantago albicans var. lanata Pamp.; Boll. Soc. Geol. Ital. 1914: 18 (1914)
= Plantago albicans var. lanuginosa L.Chevall.; Bull. Herb. Boissier, ser. 2, 5: 443 (1905)
= Plantago albicans var. latifolia Wink.; Prodr. Fl. Hispan. [Willk. & Lange] 2: 354 (1868)
= Plantago albicans var. longifolia Willk.; Willk. & Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 2: 354 (1868), nom. illeg.
= Plantago albicans var. macropoda Pamp.; Boll. Soc. Bot. Ital. 1914: 18 (1914)
= Plantago albicans var. major Boiss.; Voy. Bot. Espagne 2: 535 (1841)
= Plantago albicans var. nana Boiss.; Voy. Bot. Espagne 2: 535 (1841)
= Plantago albicans var. viridis Batt.; Contr. Fl. Atlant. [Battandier]: 77 (1919)
= Plantago albicantiformis Sennen ex Maire; Camp. Bot. Maroc Orient.: 58 (1936) [nom. nud.]
= Plantago argentea Ten.; Fl. Napol. 1(Prodr.): LIX (1813), nom. illeg., non Chaix
= Plantago ciliata Boiss.; Voy. Bot. Espagne 2: 535 (1841), nom. illeg.
= Plantago pallida Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 47 (1796), nom. superfl.
= Plantago parvula Roem. & Schult.; Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis]. 3: 125 (1818)
= Plantago velutina Poir.; Lam., Encycl. 5: 379 (1804)
= Plantago velutina Ten.; Fl. Napol. 1(Prodr.): XIII (1811), nom. illeg.
species :
Plantago algarbiensis Samp.; Apend. Herb. Portug. 1: 10 (1914)
Distribution: SW-Portugal; SW-Spain
12 POR SPA
Remarks: subulata agg. Possibly to be included in P. subulata (Shipunov, in litt.)
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago acanthophylla var. bracteosa Willk.; Prodr. Fl. Hispan.2: 357 (1868)
= Plantago algarbiensis var. gracilenta (Samp.) Samp.; Man. Fl. Port.: 416 (1914)
= Plantago almogravensis Franco; Nova Fl. Portugal 2: 568 (1984)
= Plantago bracteosa (Willk.) Samp.; Herb. Portug.: 117 (1913) (non Phil., Anales Univ. Chile 43: 534 (1873))
= Plantago bracteosa var. gracilenta Samp.; Ann. Sci. Acad. Polytecn. Porto 8: 82 (1913)
= Plantago radicata var. bracteosa (Willk.) Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 34: 161 (1933)
species :
Plantago alismatifolia Pilg.; Notizbl. Königl. Bot. Gart. Berlin 5: 259 (1912)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Chihuahua, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Sonora, Veracruz)
79 MEX
Remarks: sect. Virginica
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago alismatifolia f. supina Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50: 225 (1913)
species :
Plantago alpestris B.G.Briggs, Carolin & Pulley; Contrib. New S. Wales Nation. Herb. 4(7): 395 (1973)
Distribution: Australia (New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania)
50 AUS
species :
Plantago alpina L.; Sp. Pl.: 114 (1753)
Name: Alpen-Wegerich (DE)
Distribution: Germany (Baden-Württemberg [I], Bayern); Switzerland; Austria; Portugal; N- & WC-Spain; Andorra; France; Italy; Croatia; Kosovo; Ukraine [I]; Turkey (Inner Anatolia)
11 AUT GER SWI 12 ADO FRA POR SPA 13 CRO ITA KOS 14 ukr 34 TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Coronopus, maritima agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Arnoglossum alpinum (L.) Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 294 (1821 publ. 1822)
= Plantaginella alpina (L.) Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, N. S. 17: 140 (1869)
= Plantago alpina f. eriopoda (Willk.) Rivas Mart., Izco & M.J.Costa; Trab. Dep. Bot. Fisiol. Veg. Univ. Madrid. 3: 109 (1971)
= Plantago alpina subsp. incana (Ramond ex DC.) Chrtek; Cas. Nár. Muz., Rada Prír. 168: 60 (1999)
= Plantago alpina subsp. penyalarensis (Pau) Rivas Mart.; Anales Inst. Bot. Cav. 21. 264 (1963)
= Plantago alpina var. aspera Moritzi; 94 (1832)
= Plantago alpina var. bidentata Moritzi; 94 (1832)
= Plantago alpina var. capitellata (Ramond) Mert. & W.D.J.Koch; 807 (1823)
= Plantago alpina var. eriopoda Willk.; Willk. & Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 2: 356 (1868)
= Plantago alpina var. incana (Ramond ex DC.) Mert. & W.D.J.Koch; Röhling, Deutschl. Fl., ed. 3, 1: 807 (1823)
= Plantago alpina var. integralis Moritzi; 94 (1832)
= Plantago alpina var. microcephala Bluff & Fingerh.; 200 (1825)
= Plantago alpina var. numantina Pau ex C.Vicioso; Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 2: 228 (1942), nom. nud.
= Plantago alpina var. pseudomontana Murr; 50 (1905)
= Plantago bidentata f. humilis Gaudin; Fl. Helv. 1: 402 (1828)
= Plantago bidentata Murith; Bot. Val. 85 (1810)
= Plantago bidentata var. angustifolia Gaudin; Fl. Helv. 1: 402 (1828)
= Plantago cinerascens Ser. ex Barnéoud; Monog. Plantag. 25 (1845)
= Plantago dardanae Rexhepi & D.Dimitrov; Trud. Shest. Natsion. Konferentsiya Bot., Sofiya, 2001 210 (2002)
= Plantago holosteum var. depauperata (Godr.) Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 34: 156 (1933)
= Plantago incana Ramond ex DC.; Lam. & A. DC., Fl. Franç., éd. 3 3: 414 (1805)
= Plantago maritima subsp. alpina (L.) O.Bolòs & Vigo; Collect. Bot. (Barcelona) 14: 99 (1983)
= Plantago maritima var. alpina (L.) Bég.; Fiori et al., Fl. Anal. Italia 3: 99 (1904)
= Plantago ovina Vill.; Prosp. Hist. Pl. Dauphiné: 19 (1779)
= Plantago penyalarensis Pau; Bol. Soc. Aragonesa Ci. Nat. 11: 42 (1912)
= Plantago subulata var. capitellata (Ramond ex DC.) Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 730 (1852)
species :
Plantago altissima L.; Sp. Pl. ed. 2: 164 (1762)
Name: Hoher Wegerich (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Switzerland [I]; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; France [I]; NE-Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Serbia; Kosovo; Albania; Bulgaria; Greece; E-European Russia; Ukraine; Algeria; Tunisia
11 CZE ger HUN SLO swi 12 fra 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS SLV SRB 14 RUS UKR 20 ALG TUN
Remarks: sect. Lancifolia
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago crassipes Borbás; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 28: 292 (1878), nom. illeg.
= Plantago lanceolata f. altissima (L.) Batt.; Fl. Algerie [Battandier & Trab.] Dicot.: 740 (1890)
= Plantago lanceolata subsp. altissima (L.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 619 (1881)
= Plantago lanceolata var. altissima (L.) Roth; Enum. Pl. Phaen. Germ. 1(1): 444 (1827)
= Plantago lanceolata var. altissima (L.) W.D.J.Koch; 597 (1837), nom. illeg.
= Plantago lanceolata var. major Homann; 83 (1828)
= Plantago sylvatica H.Mart.; Prodr. Fl. Mosq.: 29 (1812), nom. illeg.
species :
Plantago amplexicaulis Cav.; Ic. Descr. 2: 22, t. 125 (1793)
subspecies :
subsp. amplexicaulis
Name: Stängelumfassender Wegerich (DE); Llanten vestido (ES)
Distribution: Germany [I]; SE-Spain; Italy; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Morocco; Western Sahara; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro, La Palma); Mauritania
11 ger 12 SPA 13 GRC ITA KRI 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN WSA 21 CNY 22 MTN
Remarks: Subgen. Albicans
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago amplexicaulis var. glabra Le Houér.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 107: 27 (1960)
= Plantago lagopoides Desf.; Fl. Atlant. 1: 135 (1798)
= Plantago salina Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13: I. 720 (1852)
subspecies :
subsp. bauphula (Edgew.) Rech.f.; Fl. Iran. 15: 11 (1965)
Distribution: Algeria; Tunisia; Egypt (Eastern Desert, Great Southwestern Desert, NE-Egypt, Nile Delta); N-Chad (Tibesti); ?Sudan; Djibouti; Somalia; Soqotra; Iraq (S-Iraq); Iran (S-Iran, W-Iran); E-Afghanistan; East Aegaean Isl.; Cyprus (E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus); Israel (Rift Valley, S-Negev Desert, Negev Desert); Sinai peninsula; Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, S-Sinai); Saudi Arabia (C-Saudi Arabia, NE-Saudi Arabia, N-Saudi Arabia, Hejaz, Rub al Khali, Asir, Nejd Desert); Kuwait; Bahrain; Qatar; Oman (Mascat & Oman); Pakistan (Sind, Baluchistan, Waziristan, N. W. Frontier Prov., Pakistani Punjab, Jhelum, Rawalpindi, etc.); India (Haryana, Jammu & Kashmir, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, Rajasthan)
20 ALG EGY TUN 24 CHA DJI SOC SOM 34 AFG CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR SIN 35 BAR KUW OMA QAT SAU 40 IND PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago amplexicaulis var. baufuloides (Pomel) Batt.; Batt. & Trab., Fl. Algérie, Dicot.: 740 (1890)
= Plantago amplexicaulis var. bauphula (Edgew.) Pilg.; Notizbl. Königl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 9: 1102 (1927)
= Plantago baufuloides Pomel; Nouv. Mat. Fl. Atl. 2: 311 (1875)
= Plantago bauphula Edgew.; J. Bot. (Hook.) 2: 285 (1840)
= Plantago gintlii Velen.; Sitzungsber. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss., Math.-Naturwiss. Cl. 11: 7 (1911 publ. 1912)
subspecies :
subsp. giacominii De Marco & Dinelli; Ann. Bot. (Italy) 34: 259 (1975 publ. 1977)
Distribution: Saudi Arabia
35 SAU
species :
Plantago anatolica Tutel & R.R.Mill; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 38: 61, t. 23 3 (1980)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Plantago annua Ryding; Nordic J. Bot. 14(2): 205 (1994)
Distribution: Ethiopia
24 ETH
species :
Plantago antarctica Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13: I. 703 (1852)
Distribution: Australia (New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania)
50 AUS
Remarks: antarctica agg.
species :
Plantago arachnoidea Schrenk; Enum. Pl. Nov. 16 (1841)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; China (Xinjiang)
32 KAZ KGZ TZK UZB 36 CHI
Remarks: media agg.
species :
Plantago arborescens (Mirb.) Poir.; Encyc. 5: 389 (1804)
subspecies :
subsp. arborescens
Name: Bäumchen-Wegerich (DE); Pinillo comun (ES)
Distribution: Canary Isl. (Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro, La Palma)
21 CNY
Synonyms: hidden
= Psyllium arborescens Mirb.; Hist. Pl. ed. II. 14: 334 (1800)
variant :
var. mascaensis Svent.; Addit. Fl. Canar.: 61 (1960)
Distribution: Canary Isl. (Tenerife)
21 CNY
Synonyms: hidden
= Psyllium arborescens var. mascaensis (Svent.) G.Kunkel; Cuad. Bot. Canar. 28: 62 (1976 publ. 1977)
variant :
var. canescens Svent.; Add. Fl. Canar.: 62 (1960)
Distribution: Canary Isl. (Tenerife)
21 CNY
Synonyms: hidden
= Psyllium arborescens var. canescens (Svent.) G.Kunkel; Cuad. Bot. Canar. 28: 62 (1976 publ. 1977)
variant :
var. palmensis Pit.; Iles Canaries [Pit. & Proust]: 323 "1908" (1909)
Distribution: Canary Isl. (La Palma)
21 CNY
subspecies :
subsp. maderensis (Decne.) A.Hansen & G.Kunkel; Monogr. Biol. Canar. 3: 69 (1972)
Name: Madeira-Flohsame (DE); Pinillo de Madeira (ES)
Distribution: Madeira (Madeira Isl., Ilhas Desertas, Porto Santo Isl.); Canary Isl. (Gran Canaria)
21 CNY MDR
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago arborescens subsp. costae (Menezes) M.Seq. & R.Jardim; Silva Lusitana 18(2): 239 (2010)
= Plantago arborescens var. compacta Barnéoud; Monogr. Plantag.: 50 (1845)
= Plantago arborescens var. maderensis (Decne.) Pilg.; Pflanzenr., IV, 269: 431 (1927)
= Plantago costae Menezes; J. Sci. Mat. Fis. Nat. Lisboa, 24 (Ser. 3, vol. 5): 186 (1927)
= Plantago maderensis Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13: I. 733 (1852)
= Psyllium arborescens subsp. maderensis (Decne.) G.Kunkel; Cuad. Bot. Canar. 28: 62 (1976 publ. 1977)
= Psyllium maderense (Decne.) H.Dietr.; Wiss. Z. Friedrich-Schiller-Univ. Jena, Math.-Naturwiss. Reihe 31: 195 (1982)
species :
Plantago arenaria Waldst. & Kit.; Descr. Icon. Pl. Hung.: 51 (1801)
subspecies :
subsp. arenaria
Name: Sand-Wegerich (DE); Sand Plantain (EN); Plantain des sables (F)
Distribution: Netherlands [I]; Belgium [I]; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen [I], Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein [I], Saarland [I], Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt [I], Thüringen); Switzerland [I]; Austria; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Spain; France; Channel Isl. [I]; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Estonia [I]; Latvia [I]; Lithuania [I]; Belarus [I]; ?Morocco; Libya; Egypt (Desert Oases, Eastern Desert, Great Southwestern Desert, NE-Egypt, Nile Delta, Nile Valley); Siberia (Altai, W-Siberia); Russian Far East [I] (Khabarovsk [I], Primorye [I]); Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iran (NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran); Israel (coastal W-Israel); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, N-Sinai); Qatar [I]; China [I] (Guangxi [I], Hebei [I], Jiangsu [I], Liaoning [I], Sichuan [I], Xinjiang [I], Zhejiang [I]); Tibet [I]; India [I] (Gujarat [I]); Thailand [c]; Australia [I] (Victoria [I], South Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I]); New Zealand [I]; Canada [I] (British Columbia [I], Manitoba [I], Ontario [I], Québec [I]); USA [I] (California [I], Connecticut [I], Delaware [I], Iowa [I], Illinois [I], Indiana [I], Massachusetts [I], Maine [I], Michigan [I], Minnesota [I], Missouri [I], North Carolina [I], New Hampshire [I], New Jersey [I], New York [I], Ohio [I], Oregon [I], Pennsylvania [I], Virginia [I], Vermont [I], Washington State [I], Wisconsin [I]); Argentina [I]
11 AUT bgm CZE GER HUN net SLO swi 12 cis COR FRA SAR SPA 13 ALB BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MNT NMA ROM SLV SRB TUE 14 blr est lat lit 20 EGY LBY 30 SIB 31 rfe 32 KAZ KGZ TKM UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 EAI IRN ISR SIN TUR 35 qat 36 chi tib 40 ind 41 tha 50 aus 51 nzl 71 cdn 72 cdn 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 78 usa 85 arg
Remarks: Subgen. Psyllium
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago annua (Thuill.) Rauschert; Feddes Repert. 88: 313 (1977), nom. inval.
= Plantago arenaria var. garganica Ten.; Index Seminum (NAP, Neapolitano) 1829: 17 (1829)
= Plantago indica L.; Syst. Nat. ed. 10, 2: 896 (1759), nom. rej. prop.
= Plantago italica S.G.Gmel. ex Steud.; Nomencl. Bot. 1: 630 (1821), nom. inval.
= Plantago psyllia St.-Lag.; Ann. Soc. Bot. Lyon 7: 132 (1880), orth. var.
= Plantago psyllium L.; Sp. Pl.: 115 (1753), nom. rej.
= Plantago ramosa Gilib. ex Asch.; Fl. Brandenburg 1: 547 (1864), nom. illeg.
= Plantago ruthenica Adams ex Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 735 (1852)
= Plantago scabra Moench; Methodus: 461 (1794), nom. illeg.
= Psyllium annuum Thuill.; Fl. Env. Paris, ed. 2: 81 (1799)
= Psyllium arenarium (Waldst. & Kit.) Mirb.; Hist. Nat. Pl. 14: 333 (1805)
= Psyllium erectum Dum.Cours.; Bot. Cult. 1: 649 (1802)
= Psyllium indicum (L.) Dum.Cours.; Bot. Cult. ed. II. 2: 492 (1811)
= Psyllium indicum (L.) Mirb.; Hist. Pl. ed. II. 14: 334 (1805), nom. rej. prop.
= Psyllium psyllium (L.) Börner; 538 (1912), nom. inval.
= Psyllium ramosum Gilib.; Fl. Lit. Inch. 1: 17 (1782), opus utique oppr.
= Psyllium scabrum (Moench) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. Bohem. 12: 306 (1977), nom. illeg.
subspecies :
subsp. orientalis (Soó) Greuter & Burdet; Willdenowia 12: 198 (1982)
Distribution: C-European Russia; E-European Russia; Ukraine; Crimea; Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus
14 KRY RUS UKR 33 NCS
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago arenaria f. rossica Tuzson
= Plantago arenaria subsp. orientalis (Soó) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 27: 183 (1990) isonym
= Plantago arenaria var. rossica (Tuzson) Lewalle; Bull. Inst. Sci. Univ. Mahammed V 2: 71 (1977)
= Plantago indica subsp. orientalis Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 12: 361 (1966)
= Plantago indica var. rossica (Tuzson) Pilg.
= Plantago latifolia Wissjul.; Fl. RSS Ucr. 10: 454 (1961) non Salisb. (1796)
= Plantago scabra subsp. orientalis (Soó) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 16: 175 (1979)
= Psyllium arenarium subsp. orientale (Soó) Soják; Cas. Nár. Mus., Odd. Prír. 148: 77 (1979 publ. 1980)
= Psyllium indicum subsp. orientale Soják; Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 140(3-4): 130 (1972), nom. nov.
= Psyllium scabrum subsp. orientale (Soó) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 12: 306 (1977)
species :
Plantago argentea Chaix; Pl. Vap.: 72 (1785)
subspecies :
subsp. argentea
Name: Silber-Wegerich (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Hungary; NE-Spain; France; Italy; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; ?Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; ?Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece; Madeira (Madeira Isl., Porto Santo Isl.); Turkey (NW-Anatolia: Bithynia)
11 ger HUN 12 FRA SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS ROM SRB TUE 21 MDR 34 TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Albicans, sect. Lancifolia
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago capitata C.Presl; Prodr. Fl. Sicul.: 64 (1819), nom. illeg., non Ten.
= Plantago gerardii Pourr.; Mém. Acad. Sci. Toulouse 3: 324 (1788)
= Plantago lanata Raddi; Antologia (Florence) 5: 11 (1821), nom. illeg.
= Plantago leiopetala Lowe; Trans. Camb. Phil. Soc. 4: 17 (1853) (fide Hassemer 2019)
= Plantago lubenensis Formánek; Verh. Naturf. Vereins Brünn 38: 214 (1899)
= Plantago pilosa Kit. ex Spreng.; Syst. Veg. ed. 16. 1: 435 (1824), nom. inval.
= Plantago raddiana Schult. & Schult.f.; Mant. 3: 78 (1827)
= Plantago rubens Host; Fl. Austriac. 1: 211 (1827)
= Plantago sericea Waldst. & Kit.; Descr. Icon. Pl. Hung. 2: 163 (1804), nom. illeg.
= Plantago serpentinicola Rech.f. & Goulimy; Anz. Österr. Akad. Wiss., Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 94: 22 (1957)
= Plantago victorialis Poir.; Lam., Encycl., Suppl. 5: 377 (1817)
= Plantago victorialis var. bithynica K.Koch; Linnaea 21: 713 (1848)
subspecies :
subsp. liburnica Ravnik; Biol. Vestn. 36(3): 56 (1988)
Distribution: Italy; Slovenia
13 ITA SLV
species :
Plantago argentina Pilg.; Kuntze, Revis. Gen. 3: II. 263 (1898)
Distribution: Argentina (Catamarca, Cordoba, Jujuy, Salta, San Luis, Tucuman)
85 ARG
Remarks: sect. Virginica
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago argentina var. glabra Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50(2-3): 255 (1913)
= Plantago oreades var. chamaestachya Griseb.; Abh. Königl. Ges. Wiss. Göttingen 19: 202 (1874)
species :
Plantago argyrea Morris; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 111 (1900)
Name: Saltmeadow plantain
Distribution: USA (Arizona, New Mexico); Mexico (Baja California Norte, Chihuahua)
76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
Remarks: Subgen. Albicans
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago purshii var. argyrea (E.Morris) Poe; Bull. Torr. Bot. Club 55: 414 (1928)
species :
Plantago aristata Michx.; Fl. Bor. Amer. 1: 95 (1803)
Name: Largebracted plantain (EN)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Slovakia [I]; European Russia [I]; South Africa [I]; China [I] (Jiangsu [I], Shandong [I]); South Korea [I]; New Zealand [I]; Hawaii [I] (Hawaii Isl. [I]); Canada (Nova Scotia, Ontario, Yukon); USA (Alabama, Arkansas, California, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, Montana, North Carolina, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, Vermont, Washington State, Wisconsin, West Virginia)
11 ger slo 14 rus 27 saf 36 chi 38 kor 51 nzl 63 haw 70 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Remarks: Subgen. Albicans
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago aristata var. minuta T.K.Zheng & X.S.Wan; Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin 12: 373 (1992)
= Plantago aristata var. nuttallii (Rapin) E.Morris; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 27: 108 (1900)
= Plantago curta Engelm. ex Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13: I. 713 (1852)
= Plantago filiformis Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13: I. 714 (1852)
= Plantago frankii Steud.; Flora 32: 409 (1849)
= Plantago gnaphalioides var. aristata (Michx.) Hook.; Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 123 (1838)
= Plantago mollis Hook. & Arn.; Bot. Beech. Voy. 43 (1830)
= Plantago nuttallii Rapin; Mem. Soc. Linn. Par. 6: 470 (1827)
= Plantago patagonica var. aristata (Michx.) A.Gray; Manual (Gray), ed. 2. 269 (1856)
= Plantago purshii var. aristata (Michx.) M.E.Jones; Bull. Montana State Univ., Biol. Ser. 15: 46 (1910)
= Plantago squarrosa Nutt.; Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc., n.s. 5: 178 (1835), nom. illeg.
= Plantago verticillata E.Morris; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 28: 117 (1901)
species :
Plantago cavaleriei H.Lév.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Nov. 2: 114 (1906)
Distribution: SC-China (Guizhou, Sichuan, Yunnan)
36 CHI
Remarks: asiatica agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago schneideri Pilg.; Notizbl. Königl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 8: 112 (1922)
= Plantago schneideri var. delicatior Pilg.; Notizbl. Königl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 8: 113 (1922)
species :
Plantago asiatica L.; Sp. Pl. 113 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. asiatica
Distribution: Cape Verde Isl. [I] (Santo Antao Isl. [I], Ilha de Sao Nicolau [I], Ilha de Sao Tiago [I]); Russian Far East (Amur, Kamchatka, Khabarovsk, Kuril Isl., Magadan [I], Primorye, Sakhalin); China (Anhui, Chongqing, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Qinghai, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Yunnan, Zhejiang); Tibet; North Korea; South Korea; Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu, Yakushima Isl.); Ryukyu Isl.; Bonin Isl. (Chichijima); Taiwan; Nepal; Bhutan; India (Bihar, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Mizoram, Tamil Nadu, Telangana); Bangladesh; Sri Lanka; Cambodia; Laos; Thailand; Vietnam; peninsular Malaysia; Lesser Sunda Isl.
21 cvi 31 RFE 36 CHI TIB 38 JAP KOR NKO NNS OGA TAI 40 BAN BHU IND NEP SRL 41 CBD LAO THA VIE 42 LSI MLY
Remarks: asiatica agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago alata Nakai; Saishu-to Kuan-to Shokubutsu Hokoku-sho [Fl. Quelpaert Isl.]: 82 (1914)
= Plantago asiatica f. folioscopa (T.Itô) Honda; Nom. Pl. Jap.: 513 (1939)
= Plantago asiatica f. paniculata H.Hara; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 51: 639 (1937)
= Plantago asiatica f. rosea Makino ex Nakai; Cat. Sem. Hort. Univ. Tokyo: 37 (1932)
= Plantago asiatica f. yakusimensis (Masam.) N.Ishik., J.Yokoy., H.Ikeda & Tsukaya; J. Pl. Res. 119(4): 394 (2006)
= Plantago asiatica var. brevior Pilg.; Notizbl. Königl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 8: 109 (1922)
= Plantago asiatica var. coreana (H.Lév.) Lauener & D.K.Ferguson; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 40: 190 (1982)
= Plantago asiatica var. densiuscula Pilg.; Notizbl. Königl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 8: 108 (1922)
= Plantago asiatica var. laxa Pilg.; Notizbl. Königl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 8: 107 (1922)
= Plantago asiatica var. lobulata Pilg.; Notizbl. Königl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 8: 109 (1922)
= Plantago asiatica var. sphaerocarpa Kitag.; J. Jap. Bot., 47(12) 357 (1972)
= Plantago asiatica var. yakusimensis (Masam.) Ohwi; Bull. Nat. Sci. Mus. Tokyo no. 33: 86 (1953)
= Plantago asiatica var. yezoensis (Pilg.) H.Hara; Enum. Spermatophytarum Japon. 1: 299 (1948)
= Plantago coreana H.Lév.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 8: 284 (1910)
= Plantago formosana Tateishi & Masam.; J. Soc. Trop. Agric., Taiwan 4: 192 (1932)
= Plantago gigas var. cavaleriei (H.Lév.) H.Lév.
= Plantago hostifolia Nakai & Kitag.; Rep. 1st Sci. Exped. Manchoukuo, Sect. IV. 1. (Pl. Nov. Jehol. 1) 55 (1933 publ. 1934)
= Plantago major f. asiatica (L.) Regel; Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint Pétersbourg, Sér. 7, 4(4): 121 (1861)
= Plantago major f. paniculata Makino; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 21: 161 (1907), nom. illeg.
= Plantago major var. asiatica (L.) Decne.; Prodr. (DC.) 13: 694 (1852)
= Plantago major var. folioscopa T.Itô; Encycl. Jap. 2: 193 (1909)
= Plantago popovii Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 30: 146 (1996)
= Plantago taquetii H.Lév.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Nov. Sp. 8: 283 (1910)
= Plantago yakusimensis Masam.; Prelim. Rep. Veg. Yakus. 119 (1929), Masam. in Bot. Mag., Tokyo 44: 220, et in Mem. Fac. Sci. & Agric. Taihoku Imp. Univ. 11, Bot. No. 4, 412 (1930 publ. 1934), et in Bot. Mag., Tokyo 44: 220 (1930)
= Plantago yezoensis Pilg.; Notizbl. Königl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 8: 105 (1922)
subspecies :
subsp. densiflora (J.Z.Liu) Z.Yu Li; Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 70: 328 (2002)
Distribution: China (Chongqing, Guizhou, Hubei, Hunan, Yunnan); Tibet
36 CHI TIB
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago densiflora J.Z.Liu; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 27(4): 298 (1989)
species :
Plantago asperrima Gand. ex Hervier; Bull. Acad. Int. Géogr. Bot. 15: 160 (1905)
Distribution: SE-Spain
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago cynops subsp. asperrima (Gand. ex Hervier) Losa; Anales Inst. Bot. Cavanilles 20: 45 (1963)
= Plantago sempervirens subsp. asperrima (Gand. ex Hervier) O.Bolòs & Vigo; Collect. Bot. (Barcelona) 14: 99 (1983)
= Plantago sempervirens var. asperrima (Gand. ex Hervier) O.Bolòs & Vigo; Collect. Bot. 14: 99 (1983)
= Psyllium asperrimum (Gand. ex Hervier) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 12: 306 (1977)
species :
Plantago asphodeloides Svent.; Addit. Fl. Canar. 1: 59 (1960)
Name: Affodillähnlicher Wegerich (DE); Cola de ratoncillo (ES)
Distribution: Canary Isl. (Tenerife, Gran Canaria)
21 CNY
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago asphodeloides var. oligostachya Svent.; Addit. Fl. Canar. 1: 61 (1960)
species :
Plantago atrata Hoppe; Bot. Taschenb. 85 (1799)
subspecies :
subsp. atrata
Name: Berg-Wegerich (DE)
Distribution: Germany (Bayern); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Austria; Poland; France; Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; Bulgaria; Greece
11 AUT GER LIE POL SWI 12 FRA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA ROM SLV
Remarks: Subgen. Albicans, atrata agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago alpina var. atrata (Hoppe) Krock.; 225 (1823)
= Plantago crassinervis Hornem.; Hort. Bot. Hafn., Suppl.: 18 (1819)
= Plantago lanceolata var. atrata (Hoppe) Pers.; 138 (1805)
= Plantago montana subsp. atrata (Hoppe) Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 23: 242 (1926)
= Plantago montana var. latissima Murr; 293 (1924)
= Plantago nigricans Herb. ex Roem. & Schult.; Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis]. 3: 117 (1818)
= Plantago quinquenervia Schltdl. ex Roem. & Schult.; Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis]. 3: 117 (1818)
= Plantago sphaerocephala Poir.; Encyc. 5: 381 (1804)
subspecies :
subsp. carpathica (Soó) Soó; Acta Geobot. Hung. 3: 61 (1940)
Distribution: Slovakia; Romania; Ukraine
11 SLO 13 ROM 14 UKR
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago atrata var. carpathica (Pilg.) Pilg.; nom. illeg.
= Plantago montana subsp. carpatica Soó; Acta Geobot. Hung. 2: 40 (1938)
= Plantago montana var. carpatica Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 23: 256 (1926), nom. illeg.
subspecies :
subsp. circassica Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 27: 182 (1990)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus
33 NCS
subspecies :
subsp. fuscescens (Jord.) Pilg.; Engl., Pflanzenr. 102: 298 (1937)
Distribution: France; Italy
12 FRA 13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago argentea subsp. fuscescens (Jord.) Bonnier & Layens; Tabl. Syn. Pl. Vasc. France: 259 (1894)
= Plantago fuscescens Jord.; Observ. Pl. Nouv. 3: 231 (1846)
= Plantago montana subsp. fuscescens (Jord.) Murr; Neue Übers. Bl.-Pfl. Vorarlberg 3(1): 293 (1924)
subspecies :
subsp. graeca (Halácsy) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. Bohem. 5: 438 (1970)
Distribution: Croatia; Greece; etc.
13 CRO GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago graeca Halácsy; Verh. K. K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 38: 761 (1888)
subspecies :
subsp. holosericea (Roem. & Schult.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. Bohem. 5: 437 (1970)
Distribution: France
12 FRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago holosericea Roem. & Schult.; Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis]. 3: 126 (1818)
= Plantago montana var. holosericea (Roem. & Schult.) Gaudin; Fl. Helv. 1: 400 (1828)
= Plantago saxatilis var. holosericea (Roem. & Schult.) M.Loehr; 560 (1852)
subspecies :
subsp. spadicea (Pilg.) Pilg.; Engl., Pflanzenr. 102: 301 (1937)
Distribution: Crimea; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Iran (EC-Iran, N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran); Pakistan (Waziristan)
14 KRY 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN IRQ TUR 40 PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago atrata subsp. saxatilis (M.Bieb.) Pilg.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 269: 300 (1937)
= Plantago atrata var. angustifolia Pilg.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 269: 303 (1937)
= Plantago atrata var. saxatilis (M.Bieb.) V.E.Avet.
= Plantago atrata var. spadicea (Pilg.) Pilg.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 269: 301 (1937)
= Plantago caucasica Papava
= Plantago karakabanica Boiss. & A.Huet; Boiss., Fl. Orient. 4: 881 (1879)
= Plantago montana Griseb.; Spic. Fl. Rumel. 2: 303 (1846), nom. illeg.
= Plantago montana subsp. spadicea Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 23: 263 (1926)
= Plantago saxatilis M.Bieb.; Fl. Taur.-Caucasus 1: 109 (1808)
= Plantago saxatilis var. adnivalis Nábelek; Spisy Prír. Fak. Masarykovy Univ. 105: 5 (1929)
= Plantago scirpoides Lam.; Tabl. Encycl. 1: 342 (1792)
subspecies :
subsp. sudetica (Pilg.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 5: 432 (1970)
Distribution: Czech Republic
11 CZE
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago atrata var. sudetica (Pilg.) Pilg.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 269: 296 (1937)
= Plantago montana var. sudetica Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 23: 256 (1926)
subspecies :
subsp. ucrainica Chrtek; Cas. Nár. Muz. Rada Prír. 169(1-4): 51 (2000)
Distribution: Romania; Moldova; Ukraine
13 ROM 14 MLD UKR
species :
Plantago aucklandica Hook.f.; Fl. Antarct. 1: 64 (1844)
Distribution: Auckland Isl.; Campbell Isl.
51 AUC 91 CMP
species :
Plantago aundensis P.Royen; Nova Guinea, Bot., No. 18, 422 (1964)
Distribution: New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
Remarks: pachyphylla agg.
species :
Plantago australis Lam.; Tabl. Encycl. 1: 339 (1792)
subspecies :
subsp. australis
Name: Mexican plantain
Distribution: Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, La Paz, Potosí, Santa Cruz, Tarija); SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais, Sao Paulo, Rio de Janeiro); S-Brazil (Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina); Paraguay (Caazapa); Uruguay (Canelones, Colonia, Lavalleja, Maldonado, Montevideo, Rocha); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Catamarca, Chubut, Cordoba, Corrientes, Entre Rios, Jujuy, La Pampa, La Rioja, Mendoza, Neuquen, Rio Negro, Salta, Santa Cruz, Santa Fe, San Juan, San Luis, Tucuman)
83 BOL 84 BRA 85 ARG PAR URU
Remarks: sect. Virginica
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago accrescens Pilg.; Notizbl. Königl. Bot. Gart. Berlin 5: 259 (1912)
= Plantago asplundii Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 62: 27 (1928)
= Plantago australis subsp. ecuadorensis (Pilg.) Rahn; Bot. Tidsskr. 60: 49 (1964)
= Plantago australis subsp. macrostachys (Decne.) Rahn; Bot. Tidsskr. 60: 50 (1964)
= Plantago candollei Rapin; Mém. Soc. Linn. Paris 6: 453 (1827)
= Plantago chilensis Desf.; Tabl. École Bot., ed. 3: 390 (1829), nom. illeg.
= Plantago denudata Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50: 25 261 (1913)
= Plantago durvillei Delile ex Fisch. & C.A.Mey.; Index Seminum (LE, Petropolitanus) 3: 45 (1837)
= Plantago durvillei subsp. mollior (Pilg.) Pilg.; Engl., Pflanzenr. IV, 269: 234 (1937)
= Plantago durvillei var. angustata Pilg.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 269: 234 (1937)
= Plantago ecuadorensis Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50: 232 (1913)
= Plantago gigantea Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13: I. 724 (1852)
= Plantago goudotiana Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13: I. 699 (1852)
= Plantago hirtella var. glabrescens (Schmidt) Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50(2-3): 277 (1913)
= Plantago hirtella var. platensis Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50(2-3): 278 (1913)
= Plantago hypolasia Pilg.; Notizbl. Königl. Bot. Gart. Berlin 5: 260 (1912)
= Plantago kurtzii Pilg.; Notizbl. Königl. Bot. Gart. Berlin 5: 260 (1912)
= Plantago macropus Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50: 254 (1913)
= Plantago macrostachys Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13: I. 724 (1852)
= Plantago macrostachys f. brachypus (Pilg.) Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 62: 24 (1928)
= Plantago macrostachys f. pilosa Pilg.; Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(2): 264 (1898)
= Plantago macrostachys subvar. catamarcensis (Pilg.) Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 62: 24 (1928)
= Plantago macrostachys var. accrescens (Pilg.) Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 62: 24 (1928)
= Plantago macrostachys var. brachypus Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50(2-3): 264 (1913)
= Plantago macrostachys var. denudata (Pilg.) Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 62: 24 (1928)
= Plantago macrostachys var. gigantea (Decne.) Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 62: 24 (1928)
= Plantago macrostachys var. platensis (Pilg.) Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 62: 24 (1928)
= Plantago macrostachys var. stuckertii (Pilg.) Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 62: 24 (1928)
= Plantago myosuros var. latifolia Speg.; Anales Soc. Ci. Argent. 53: 278 (1902)
= Plantago pachyneura subsp. mollior (Pilg.) Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 62: 19 (1928)
= Plantago paralias subsp. hypolasia (Pilg.) Pilg.; Notizbl. Königl. Bot. Gart. Berlin 11: 328 (1932)
= Plantago pflanzii var. mollior Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50: 268 (1913)
= Plantago refracta Pilg.; Notizbl. Königl. Bot. Gart. Berlin 5: 261 (1912)
= Plantago stuckertii Pilg.; Notizbl. Königl. Bot. Gart. Berlin 5: 262 (1912)
= Plantago stuckertii subsp. catamarcensis Pilg.; Notizbl. Königl. Bot. Gart. Berlin 5: 263 (1912)
= Plantago tomentosa Schiede ex Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13: I. 723 (1852)
= Plantago tomentosa subsp. hypolasia (Pilg.) Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50: 237 (1913)
= Plantago urvillei Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 723 (1852), nom. illeg.
subspecies :
subsp. angustifolia (Pilg.) Rahn; Dansk Bot. Ark. 30(2): 75 (1974)
Distribution: S-Brazil (Rio de Janeiro: Serra des Orgaos)
84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago bicallosa var. angustifolia Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50(2-3): 274 (1913)
= Plantago macrostachys var. angustifolia (Pilg.) Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 62: 24 (1928)
subspecies :
subsp. hirtella (Kunth) Rahn; Bot. Tidsskr. 60: 50 (1964)
Distribution: La Réunion [I]; Australia [I] (South Australia [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); New Zealand [I]; Chatham Isl. [I]; Hawaii [I] (E-Maui [I], Hawaii Isl. [I]); USA (S-Arizona); Mexico (Aguascalientes, Baja California Sur, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Colima, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nuevo Leon, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Zacatecas); Guatemala; El Salvador; Honduras; Nicaragua; Costa Rica; Panama; Colombia (Antioquia, Boyacá, Cauca, Cundinamarca, Huila, Magdalena, Meta, Nariño, Norte de Santander, Putumayo, Quindío, Risaralda, Santander, Tolima, Valle); Venezuela (Venezuela Distrito Federal, Merida, Miranda, Tachira, Trujillo); Ecuador [I]; Peru; Bolivia; S-Brazil (Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina); Paraguay (Central, Guaira, Misiones); Uruguay (Canelones, Lavalleja); Argentina (Catamarca, Chaco, Corrientes, Formosa, Jujuy, Misiones, Salta, Tucuman); Chile (Tarapacá, Valparaíso, Biobío, Araucanía, Los Rios, Los Lagos, Aisén, Magallanes); Juan Fdz. Isl.
29 reu 50 aus 51 ctm nzl 63 haw 76 USA 79 MEX 80 COS ELS GUA HON NIC PAN 82 CLM VEN 83 BOL ecu PER 84 BRA 85 ARG CLE JNF PAR URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago bicallosa Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13: I. 725 (1852)
= Plantago camtchatica Hook. & Arn.; Bot. Beechey Voy.: 156 (1833), nom. illeg.
= Plantago cantagallensis Zahlbr. ex Wawra; Itin. Princ. Sax.-Coburg. 2: 56 (1888)
= Plantago deppeana Vatke; Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 16: 53 (1874)
= Plantago galeottiana Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13: I. 726 (1852)
= Plantago hirtella f. minor (Pilg.) Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50: 276 (1913)
= Plantago hirtella Kunth; Nov. Gen. et Sp. 2: 229. t. 127 (1818)
= Plantago hirtella subsp. galeottiana (Decne.) Thorne; Aliso 9(2): 193 (1978)
= Plantago hirtella var. annua M.E.Jones; Contr. W. Bot. 15: 132 (1929)
= Plantago hirtella var. brachypus Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50: 279 (1913)
= Plantago hirtella var. denticulata Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50: 277 (1913)
= Plantago hirtella var. galeottiana (Decne.) Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50: 280 (1913)
= Plantago hirtella var. janeirensis Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50: 277 (1913)
= Plantago hirtella var. longispica Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50: 279 (1913)
= Plantago hirtella var. mollior Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50(2-3): 280 (1913)
= Plantago hirtella var. pachystachys Reiche; Fl. Chile 6: 114 (1911)
= Plantago hirtella var. veratrifolia (Decne.) Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50: 280 (1913)
= Plantago leptophylla Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13: I. 723 (1852)
= Plantago schiedeana Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13: I. 723 (1852)
= Plantago schiedeana var. minor Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 244 (1913)
= Plantago veratrifolia Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13: I. 721 (1852)
= Plantago virginica var. hirtella (Kunth) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 532 (1891)
subspecies :
subsp. leioloma Rahn; Bot. Tidsskr. 60: 50 (1964)
Distribution: C-Mexico
79 MEX
subspecies :
subsp. pflanzii (Pilg.) Rahn; Bot. Tidsskr. 60: 51 (1964)
Distribution: Peru; Bolivia
83 BOL PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago durvillei subsp. pflanzii (Pilg.) Pilg.; Engl., Pflanzenr. IV, 269: 232 (1937)
= Plantago durvillei var. chamaeclina (Pilg.) Pilg.; Engl., Pflanzenr. IV, 269: 232 (1937)
= Plantago durvillei var. grandidens (Pilg.) Pilg.; Engl., Pflanzenr. IV, 269: 233 (1937)
= Plantago durvillei var. hauthalii (Pilg.) Pilg.; Engl., Pflanzenr. IV, 269: 233 (1937)
= Plantago durvillei var. latifolia (Pilg.) Pilg.; Engl., Pflanzenr. IV, 269. 233 (1937)
= Plantago pachyneura subsp. pflanzii (Pilg.) Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 62: 18 (1928)
= Plantago pachyneura var. chamaeclina (Pilg.) Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 62: 19 (1928)
= Plantago pachyneura var. grandidens (Pilg.) Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 62: 19 (1928)
= Plantago pachyneura var. hauthalii (Pilg.) Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 62: 19 (1928)
= Plantago pflanzii Pilg.; Notizbl. Königl. Bot. Gart. Berlin 5: 261 (1912), et in Engl. Jahrb. 49: 219
= Plantago pflanzii var. chamaeclina Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50: 266 (1913)
= Plantago pflanzii var. grandidens Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50(2-3): 267 (1913)
= Plantago pflanzii var. hauthalii Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50: 267 (1913)
= Plantago rectirostris Wallr. ex Walp.; Nov. Act. Nat. Cur. 19: Suppl. 1: 401 (1843) nom. nud.
subspecies :
subsp. sodiroana (Pilg.) Rahn; Bot. Tidsskr. 60: 54 (1964)
Distribution: Colombia; Venezuela (Bolívar, Carabobo, Cojedes, Delta Amacuro, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Lara, Merida, Monagas, Nueva Esparta, Trujillo?); Ecuador; Peru
82 CLM VEN 83 ECU PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago australis subsp. brevipila Rahn; Bot. Tidsskr. 60: 47 (1964)
= Plantago australis subsp. supina (Pilg.) Rahn; Bot. Tidsskr. 60: 54 (1964)
= Plantago ecuadorensis var. minor Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50: 232 (1913)
= Plantago hartwegii var. subintegra Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50: 250 (1913)
= Plantago hirtella var. supina Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50: 282 (1913)
= Plantago lasioneura Pilg.; Engl. Pflanzenreich, Plantaginac. 236 (1937)
= Plantago oreades var. vegeta Wedd.; Chlor. Andina 2: 159 (1860)
= Plantago sodiroana Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 25: 733 (1898)
= Plantago valida Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50: 272 (1913)
species :
Plantago baltistanica H.Hartmann; Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 85: 350 (1966)
Distribution: NE-Pakistan (Baltistan)
40 PAK
species :
Plantago barbata G.Forst.; Comm. Götting. 9: 25. t. 4 (1789)
subspecies :
subsp. barbata
Distribution: Argentina (Chubut, Mendoza, Neuquen, Rio Negro, Santa Cruz, San Juan); Chile (Atacama, Coquimbo, Valparaíso, Metropolitana de Santiago, O´Higgins, Maule, Ñuble, Biobío, Araucanía, Los Lagos, Aisén, Magallanes); Falkland Isl.
85 ARG CLE 91 FAL
Remarks: Sect. Oliganthos
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago andicola Decne. ex Barnéoud; Monogr. Plantag. 17 (1845)
= Plantago barbata subvar. maxima Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 62: 102 (1928)
= Plantago barbata subvar. taraxacoides (Speg.) Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 62: 102 (1928)
= Plantago barbata f. minor Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 62: 103. (1928)
= Plantago barbata var. imberbis Hook.f.; Bot. Antarct. Voy. I. (Fl. Antarct.). 2: 339 (1846)
= Plantago barbata var. pauciflora (Gay) Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50(Suppl.): 64 (1914)
= Plantago barbata var. puberula Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 62: 106 (1928)
= Plantago imberbis Hook.f.; Bot. Antarct. Voy. I. (Fl. Antarct.). 1: 66 (1844)
= Plantago myosuros var. taraxacoides Speg.; Anales Soc. Ci. Argent. 53: 279 (1902)
= Plantago pachyrrhiza Phil.; Anales Univ. Chile 91: 265 (1895)
= Plantago pauciflora Gay; Fl. Chil. 5: 201 (1848), nom. illeg.
= Plantago pauciflora Lam.; Tabl. Encycl. 1: 342 (1792)
= Plantago pauciflora var. major Barnéoud; Monogr. Plantag.: 17 (1845)
= Plantago pauciflora var. taraxacoides Speg.; Anales Soc. Ci. Argent. 53: 275 (1902)
= Plantago taraxacoides (Speg.) Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50: 228 (1913)
subspecies :
subsp. austroandina Rahn; Nordic J. Bot. 4(5): 615 (1984)
Distribution: Argentina (Chubut, Santa Cruz, Tierra del Fuego); Chile (Aisén, Magallanes)
85 ARG CLE
subspecies :
subsp. gigantea Rahn; Nordic J. Bot. 4(5): 619 (1984)
Distribution: Argentina (Chubut, Santa Cruz)
85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago barbata subvar. rigidula Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 62: 102 (1928)
subspecies :
subsp. monanthos (d´Urv.) Rahn; Nordic J. Bot. 4(5): 613 (1984)
Distribution: Argentina (Santa Cruz, Tierra del Fuego); Chile (Metropolitana de Santiago, Magallanes)
85 ARG CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago barbata f. elongata (Wedd.) Pilg.
= Plantago barbata var. caespitosa (Phil.) Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50(Suppl.): 65 (1914)
= Plantago barbata var. elongata Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 727 (1852), nom. illeg.
= Plantago barbata var. elongata Hook.f.; Fl. Antarct. 2: 339 (1846)
= Plantago barbata var. elongata Wedd.; Chlor. Andina 2: 160 (1860), nom. illeg.
= Plantago barbata var. monanthos (d´Urv.) Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50(Suppl.): 64 (1914)
= Plantago caespitosa Phil.; Linnaea 29: 37 (1857 publ. 1858)
= Plantago coelorhiza E.Morris & Macloskie; Rep. Princeton Univ. Exped. Patagonia, Botany 8: 734 (1905)
= Plantago monanthos d´Urv.; Mem. Soc. Linn. Par. 4: 606 (1826)
= Plantago oxyphylla Speg.; Revista Fac. Agron. Univ. Nac. La Plata 3: 565 (1897)
= Plantago polymorpha Banks & Sol. ex Hook.f.; Fl. Antarct. 339 (1846)
= Plantago uniglumis var. oxyphylla (Speg.) Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 62: 96 (1928)
subspecies :
subsp. muscoides (Hook.f.) Rahn; Nordic J. Bot. 4(5): 615 (1984)
Distribution: Argentina (Tierra del Fuego); Chile (Magallanes)
85 ARG CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago barbata f. abbreviata (Hook.f.) Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 62: 105 (1928)
= Plantago barbata f. muscoides (Hook.f.) Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 62: 105 (1928)
= Plantago monanthos var. abbreviata Hook.f.; Bot. Antarct. Voy. I. (Fl. Antarct.). 2: 340 (1846)
= Plantago monanthos var. muscoides Hook.f.; Bot. Antarct. Voy. I. (Fl. Antarct.). 2: 340 (1846)
species :
Plantago bellardii All.; Fl. Pedem. 1: 82 (1785)
subspecies :
subsp. bellardii
Name: Bellardi-Wegerich (DE); Bellardi´s Plantain (EN); Llanten enano (ES)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Portugal; Spain; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Pantelleria; Malta; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; ?Montenegro; ?Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Canary Isl. (Tenerife); East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq); Iran (S-Iran, W-Iran); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus); Lebanon (Antilebanon); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, Judean Desert); Sinai peninsula (N-Sinai); Jordania (W-Jordania); Saudi Arabia (C-Saudi Arabia, NE-Saudi Arabia, Nejd Desert); Australia [I] (South Australia [I], Queensland [I], Victoria [I])
11 ger 12 BAL COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KRI MLT PTL SIC TUE 20 ALG MOR TUN 21 CNY 34 CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SIN TUR 35 SAU 50 aus
Synonyms: hidden
= Lagopus bellardii (All.) Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, N. S. 17: 140 (1869)
= Lagopus lanatus Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, N. S. 17: 140 (1869)
= Plantago bellardii f. albidohirsuta Pilg.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 269: 415 (1937)
= Plantago bellardii var. leptocephala Willk.; Linnaea 40: 58 (1876)
= Plantago bellardii var. pygmaea (Poir.) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 10: 131 (1908)
= Plantago holostea Lam.; Tabl. Encycl. 1: 340 (1792) (nom. illeg.)
= Plantago lanata Poir.; Voy. Barbarie 2: 115 (1789)
= Plantago minuta Link; J. Bot. (Schrader) 1800(1): 59 (1801), nom. illeg.
= Plantago pilosa Cav.; Icon. 3: 25 (1795)
= Plantago pilosa Pourr.; Mém. Acad. Sci. Toulouse 3: 324 (1788)
= Plantago pygmaea Lam.; Tabl. Encycl. 1: 340 (1792)
= Plantago subverticillata Candargy; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 44: 152 (1897)
= Plantago villosa Lam.; Tabl. Encycl. 1: 341 (1792)
subspecies :
subsp. deflexa (Pilg.) Rech.f.; Fl. Iran. 15. 19 (1965)
Distribution: Sicily; Pantelleria; Albania; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl.; Iran; Lebanon; Syria; Israel; Jordania
13 ALB GRC KRI PTL SIC 34 EAI IRN ISR JOR LEB SYR
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago bellardii var. deflexa Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 18: 474 (1922)
species :
Plantago bellidioides Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13: I. 701 (1852)
Distribution: Australia (Tasmania)
50 AUS
species :
Plantago benisnassenii Romo, Stübing & Peris; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 39(1): 67 (2002)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
species :
Plantago berroi Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50: 232 (1913)
Distribution: Uruguay (Artigas, Colonia, Florida Prov., Maldonado, Montevideo, Soriano); Argentina (Buenos Aires)
85 ARG URU
Remarks: Sect. Virginica
species :
Plantago bismarckii Niederl.; Monatsschr. Vereines Beförd. Gartenbaues Königl. Preuss. Staaten Ges. Gartenfr. Berlins 24: 16 (1881)
Distribution: Argentina (Buenos Aires)
85 ARG
species :
Plantago boissieri Hausskn. & Bornm.; Mitt. Thür. Bot. Ver. N. F.6: 60 (1894)
Distribution: Iraq (NW-Iraq, S-Iraq, W-Iraq: Desert); Iran (S-Iran, W-Iran); Saudi Arabia (Asir); Kuwait
34 IRN IRQ 35 KUW SAU
Remarks: Subgen. Albicans
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago boissieri var. tenera Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 24: 318 (1928)
species :
Plantago bradei Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 74: [568] (1949)
Distribution: Brazil (Minas Gerais)
84 BRA
Remarks: Sect. Virginica, commersoniana agg.
species :
Plantago brasiliensis Sims; Bot. Mag. t. 2616 (1826)
Distribution: S-Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul); Uruguay (Artigas, Canelones, Colonia, Maldonado, Montevideo, Rivera, Salto); Argentina (Chubut, Cordoba, Corrientes, Entre Rios, Neuquen, Rio Negro, San Luis); Chile (Metropolitana de Santiago, O´Higgins, Maule, Ñuble, Biobío, Araucanía, Los Lagos)
84 BRA 85 ARG CLE URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago armeriifolia Phil.; Anales Univ. Chile 91: 263 (1895)
= Plantago bonariensis Steud.; Flora 32: 408 (1849)
= Plantago brasiliensis var. chilensis (Rapin) Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 15: 423 (1919)
= Plantago brasiliensis var. cinereovillosa Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 62: 66 (1928)
= Plantago brasiliensis var. cordobensis Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 62: 64 (1928)
= Plantago brasiliensis var. decaisnei (Barnéoud) Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 15: 423 (1919)
= Plantago brasiliensis var. flavidohirsuta Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 62: 68 (1928)
= Plantago brasiliensis var. gayana (Decne. ex Barnéoud) Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 15: 423 (1919)
= Plantago brasiliensis var. lasiothrix (Kunze ex Decne.) Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 15: 423 (1919)
= Plantago brasiliensis var. obtusata (Decne.) Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 15: 423 (1919)
= Plantago chilensis Rapin; Mem. Soc. Linn. Par. 6: 475 (1827)
= Plantago coriacea Cham. & Schltdl.; Linnaea 1: 171 (1826)
= Plantago coriacea var. glabriuscula Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 3[3]: 263 (1898)
= Plantago decaisnei Barnéoud; Monogr. Plantag. 45 (1845)
= Plantago dolichophylla Phil.; Anales Univ. Chile 91: 262 (1895)
= Plantago gayana Decne. ex Barnéoud; Monogr. Plantag.: 46 (1845)
= Plantago lasiothrix Kunze ex Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13: I. 709 (1852)
= Plantago obtusata Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13: I. 711 (1852)
= Plantago sericea var. decaisnei (Barnéoud) Wedd.; Chlor. And. 2: 163 (1860)
= Plantago sericea var. obtusata (Decne. ex DC.) Wedd.; Chlor. And. 2: 164 (1860)
= Plantago vidalii Phil.; Anales Univ. Chile 91: 264 (1895)
species :
Plantago brownii F.Dietr.; Nachtr. Vollst. Lex. Gärtn. 6: 347 (1820), nom. nov.
Distribution: Australia (Tasmania); Auckland Isl.
50 AUS 51 AUC
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago browniana Schult. & Schult.f.; Mant. 3: 86 (1827), nom. superfl.
= Plantago brownii Raf.; Mem. Soc. Linn. Par. 6: 485 (1827), nom. illeg.
= Plantago carnosa R.Br.; Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland.: 425 (1810), nom. illeg.
= Plantago subantarctica Cockayne; Engl. & Drude, Veg. Erde, ed. 2, 14: 337 (1928), nom. superfl.
= Plantago triantha Spreng.; Syst. Veg. ed. 16. 1: 439 (1824), nom. superfl.
species :
Plantago buchtienii Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50: 25 1 (1913)
Distribution: Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz); Argentina (Catamarca, Salta, Tucuman)
83 BOL 85 ARG
Remarks: Sect. Virginica
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago achalensis var. hirtula Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50: 234 (1913)
= Plantago australis subsp. buchtienii (Pilg.) Rahn; Bot. Tidsskr. 60: 48 (1964)
species :
Plantago cafra Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13: I. 719 (1852)
Distribution: Namibia; South Africa (N-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov.)
27 NAM SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago cafra var. capillaris (E.Mey. ex Decne.) Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 18: 484 (1922)
= Plantago capillaris E.Mey. ex Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13: I. 719 (1852)
= Plantago loeflingii Thunb.; Prod. Pl. Cap. 29 (1794) non L.
species :
Plantago campestris Hassemer; PeerJ 9(e11848): 4 (2021)
Distribution: Brazil (Paraná, Santa Catarina)
84 BRA
species :
Plantago camtschatica Link; Enum. Hort. Berol. 1: 120 (1821)
Distribution: Russian Far East (Kamchatka, Khabarovsk, Kuril Isl., Magadan, Primorye, Sakhalin); North Korea; South Korea; Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu)
31 RFE 38 JAP KOR NKO
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago arctica Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 700 (1852)
= Plantago arctica Trevir. ex Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 694 (1852)
= Plantago camtschatica f. glabra (Makino & Honda) Ohwi ex Yonek.; J. Jap. Bot. 86(4): 237 (2011)
= Plantago camtschatica var. glabra Makino & Honda; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 49: 695 (1935)
= Plantago depressa subsp. camtschatica (Cham. ex Link) Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 20: 16 (1924)
= Plantago villifera Franch.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 26: 87 (1879) (non Kitag.)
species :
Plantago canescens Adams; Mem. Soc. Nat. Mosc. 9: 233. t. 13, f. 1 (1834)
Name: Gray-pubescent plantain (EN)
Distribution: Siberia (Krasnoyarsk, Yakutia); Alaska; Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Northern Territories, Nunavut, Yukon); USA (Montana)
30 SIB 70 ASK CDN 71 CDN 73 USA
Remarks: media agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago canescens subsp. richardsonii (Decne.) Tzvelev; Arktich. Fl. SSSR 8(2): 21 (1983)
= Plantago canescens subsp. septata (E.Morris) Tzvelev; Arktich. Fl. SSSR 8(2): 21 (1983)
= Plantago canescens subsp. tolmatschevii Tzvelev; Arktich. Fl. SSSR 8(2): 10 (1983)
= Plantago canescens subsp. trautvetteri Tzvelev; Arktich. Fl. SSSR 8(2): 21 (1983)
= Plantago canescens var. cylindrica (J.M.Macoun) B.Boivin; Naturaliste Canad. 93: 1062 (1967)
= Plantago canescens var. glabrata Pilg.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 269: 283 (1937), nom. illeg.
= Plantago canescens var. glabrata Trautv.; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 5: 97 (1877)
= Plantago canescens var. turczaninowiana Trautv.; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 5: 97 (1877)
= Plantago eriopoda var. cylindrica J.M.Macoun; Ottawa Naturalist 13: 163 (1899)
= Plantago richardsonii Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13: I. 698 (1852)
= Plantago septata E.Morris; Bull. New York Bot. Gard. 2: 182 (1901)
species :
Plantago carnosa Lam.; Tabl. Encycl. 1: 342 (1792)
Distribution: South Africa (W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago carnosa var. hirsuta (Thunb.) Bég.; Bull. Soc. Bot. Ital. 1906: 92 (1906)
= Plantago crassifolia var. hirsuta (Thunb.) Bég.; Bull. Soc. Bot. Ital. 1901: 252 (1901)
= Plantago hirsuta Thunb.; Prodr. Pl. Cap.: 29 (1794)
= Plantago litoraria Fourc.; Trans. Roy. Soc. S. Afr. 21: 96 (1932)
= Plantago thunbergii Poir.; Lam., Encycl., Suppl. 4: 431 (1816), nom. nov. superfl.
species :
Plantago catharinea Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13: I. 726 (1852)
Distribution: SE-Brazil (Sao Paulo, Rio de Janeiro); S-Brazil (Paraná, Santa Catarina, Rio Grande do Sul)
84 BRA
Remarks: Sect. Virginica
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago catharinea var. spathulifolia (Pilg.) Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 62: 19 (1928)
= Plantago tomentosa subsp. spathulifolia Pilg.; Notizbl. Königl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 8: 428 (1923)
species :
Plantago centralis Pilg.; Notizbl. Königl. Bot. Gart. Berlin 8: 106 (1922). 8: 106 (1922)
Distribution: China (Chongqing, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hubei, Hunan, Qinghai, Shanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan); Tibet; Pakistan (Hazara, Murree); Nepal; Bhutan; India (almost throughout); Sri Lanka; Bangladesh
36 CHI TIB 40 BAN BHU IND NEP PAK SRL
Remarks: asiatica agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago asiatica subsp. erosa (Wall.) Z.Y.Li; Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 70: 328 (2002)
= Plantago erosa Wall.; Roxb. Fl. Ind., ed. Carey & Wall. 1: 423 (1820)
= Plantago filiformis Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don; Prodr. Fl. Nepal.: 77 (1825), pro syn.
species :
Plantago ciliata Desf.; Fl. Atlant. 1: 137 (1798)
subspecies :
subsp. ciliata
Name: Gewimperter Wegerich (DE); Llanten ciliado (ES)
Distribution: Morocco; Western Sahara; Algeria (incl. Hoggar); Tunisia; Libya (incl. Tibesti); Egypt (Eastern Desert, Great Southwestern Desert, NE-Egypt, SE-Egypt); Canary Isl. (Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria); Mali; N-Chad (Tibesti); Sudan; Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, N-Sinai, S-Sinai)
20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN WSA 21 CNY 22 MLI 24 CHA SUD 34 SIN
Remarks: Subgen. Albicans
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago bellidifolia Viv.; Pl. Aegypt. Dec.: 23 (1830)
= Plantago ciliata var. angustifolia Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 18: 467 (1922)
= Plantago eriantha Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13: I. 707 (1852)
= Plantago penicillata Endl. & Fenzl; Sert. Cabul.: 1 (1836)
= Plantago setosa Bertol.; Misc. Bot. 1: 11 (1842), nom. illeg.
subspecies :
subsp. lanata (Boiss.) Rech.f.; Fl. Iranica 15: 18 (1965)
Distribution: Iraq (NW-Iraq, S-Iraq, W-Iraq: Desert); Iran (E-Iran, S-Iran, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Helmand, Kandahar, Kunar / Nuristan, Laghman, Nangarhar, Paktia / Khost); Israel (Rift Valley, S-Negev Desert); Saudi Arabia (C-Saudi Arabia, NE-Saudi Arabia, N-Saudi Arabia, Nafud Desert, Hejaz, Rub al Khali, Asir, Nejd Desert); Qatar; Oman (Mascat & Oman); Pakistan (Sind, Baluchistan, Waziristan, N. W. Frontier Prov., Kohat, Peshawar, Pakistani Punjab, Lahore); India (Maharashtra, Punjab)
34 AFG IRN IRQ ISR 35 OMA QAT SAU 40 IND PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago ciliata var. lanata Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 4: 887 (1879)
species :
Plantago cladarophylla B.G.Briggs, Carolin & Pulley; Contrib. New S. Wales Nation. Herb. 4(7): 396 (1973)
Distribution: Australia (New South Wales)
50 AUS
species :
Plantago commersoniana Decne. ex Barnéoud; Monog. Plantag. 37 (1845)
Distribution: SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais, Espirito Santo); S-Brazil (Paraná, Santa Catarina, Rio Grande do Sul); Paraguay (Caaguazu); Uruguay (Montevideo)
84 BRA 85 PAR URU
Remarks: Sect. Virginica, commersoniana agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago selloi J.A.Schmidt; Fl. Bras. (Mart.) 6(4): 171 (1878)
species :
Plantago cordata Lam.; Tabl. Encycl. 1: 138 (1792)
Name: Heartleaf plantain
Distribution: Canada (Ontario); USA (Alabama, Arkansas, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Maryland, Michigan, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, New York, Ohio, Tennessee, Virginia, Wisconsin)
72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago albiflora Raf.; New Fl. 4: 11 (1838)
= Plantago canadensis Pursh; Fl. Amer. Sept. 1: 98 (1813)
= Plantago kentukensis Michx.; Fl. Bor. Amer. 1: 94 (1803)
= Plantago multiplinervia Steud.; Flora 32: 410 (1849)
species :
Plantago cornuti Gouan; Ill. Observ. Bot.: 6. (1773) et ex Decne., DC. Prod. 13: I. 698 (1852)
Distribution: NE-Spain (Gerona); France; Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; ?Macedonia; Romania; Bulgaria; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; Ukraine; Crimea; Siberia (Altai, Buryatia, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva, W-Siberia, Yakutia); Kazakhstan; Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus; Mongolia
12 FRA SPA 13 BUL CRO ITA KOS MNT ROM SLV SRB 14 KRY RUS UKR 30 SIB 32 KAZ 33 NCS 37 MON
Remarks: major agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago major subsp. cornuti (Gouan) Malag.; Acta Phytotax. Barcin. 18: 9 (1976 publ. 1977)
= Plantago major var. cornuti (Gouan) F.M.Bailey; Queensland Agric. J., ser. 2, 3: 31 (1915)
species :
Plantago coronopus L.; Sp. Pl.: 115 (1753)
Name: Krähenfuß-Wegerich, Schlitzblättriger Wegerich (DE), Buckhorn plantain (EN)
Distribution: Faeroe Isl.; England; Ireland; Denmark; Sweden; Netherlands; Belgium; Germany (Berlin [I], Baden-Württemberg [I], Bayern [I], Hessen [I], Hamburg [I], Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen [I], Rheinland-Pfalz [I], Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland [I], Sachsen [I], Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen [I]); Poland; Czech Republic; Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; Baleares; France; Monaco; Channel Isl.; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Pantelleria; Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); Malta; Croatia; ?Bosnia & Hercegovina; ?Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; ?Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; European Russia; Crimea; Morocco; Western Sahara; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt (Desert Oases, Eastern Desert, Great Southwestern Desert, NE-Egypt, Nile Delta, Nile Valley, NW-coastal Egypt); Azores (Santa Maria Isl., Sao Miguel Isl., Terceira, Graciosa, Sao Jorge, Pico, Faial, Flores Isl., Corvo Isl.); Madeira (Madeira Isl., Ilhas Desertas, Porto Santo Isl.); Islas Selvagens; Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro, La Palma); South Africa [I]; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; ?Armenia; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl.; Turkey (E-Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia, S-Iraq, W-Iraq: Desert); Iran (NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, S-Iran, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Herat, Kabul, Kandahar); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, C-Syrian Desert, Jazira, NW-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, N-Negev Desert, Judean Desert, Negev Desert); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, N-Sinai, S-Sinai); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Saudi Arabia (NE-Saudi Arabia, Asir); Kuwait; Bahrain; Qatar; Oman (Mascat & Oman); Pakistan (Baluchistan, Waziristan); Australia [I] (South Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); New Zealand [I]; Chatham Isl. [I]; Tonga [I] (´Eua [I]); Greenland [I]; Canada [I] (British Columbia [I], Manitoba [I], New Brunswick [I]); USA [I] (California [I], Massachusetts [I], New Jersey [I], New York [I], Oregon [I], Pennsylvania [I], Texas [I], Washington State [I]); Brazil [I]; Uruguay [I]; Chile [I] (Coquimbo [I], O´Higgins [I], Ñuble [I], Biobío [I], Araucanía [I])
10 DEN FOR GRB IRE SWE 11 BGM CZE GER NET POL 12 BAL CIS COR FRA GIB MCO POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MLT PEL PTL ROM SIC SRB TUE 14 KRY RUS 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN WSA 21 AZO CNY MDR SEL 27 saf 32 TKM TZK UZB 33 AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SIN SYR TUR 35 BAR KUW OMA QAT SAU 40 PAK 50 aus 51 ctm nzl 60 ton 70 gnl 71 cdn 72 cdn 73 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 84 bra 85 cle uru
Remarks: coronopus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Arnoglossum subulatum Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 294 (1821)
= Asterogeum laciniatum Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 294 (1821 publ. 1822), nom. superfl.
= Asterogeum laciniatum var. capitatum Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 294 (1821 publ. 1822)
= Coronopus vulgaris Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, N. S. 17: 140 (1869)
= Plantago aschersonii Bolle; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 14: 251 (1891)
= Plantago ceratophylla Hoffmanns. & Link; Fl. Portug. 1: 431 (1813)-1820
= Plantago columnae Gouan; Ill. Observ. Bot.: 6. (1773)
= Plantago coronopifolia Honck.; 450 (1782), nom. illeg.
= Plantago coronopifolia L.; Murray (ed.), Syst. Veg. ed. 13. 2: 132 (1774)
= Plantago coronopoda St.-Lag.; Ann. Soc. Bot. Lyon 7: 132 (1880), orth. var.
= Plantago coronopus f. lanigera Merino; Fl. Galicia 3: 588 (1909)
= Plantago coronopus f. tenuis (Hoffmanns. & Link) Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 28: 281 (1930)
= Plantago coronopus f. villosissima Sennen; Diagn. Nouv.: 205 (1936), nom. alt.
= Plantago coronopus subsp. ceratophylla (Hoffmanns. & Link) Franco; Nova Fl. Portugal 2: 568 (1984)
= Plantago coronopus subsp. columnae (Gouan) Batt.; Fl. Algerie [Battandier & Trab.] Dicot.: 742 (1890)
= Plantago coronopus subsp. occidentalis (Pilg.) Franco; Nova Fl. Portugal 2: 568 (1984)
= Plantago coronopus subvar. angusta Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 28: 288 (1930)
= Plantago coronopus subvar. brevifolia Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 28: 284 (1930)
= Plantago coronopus subvar. erecta (W.D.J.Koch) Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 28: 292 (1930)
= Plantago coronopus subvar. integrata (Godr.) Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 28: 281 (1930)
= Plantago coronopus subvar. latiloba Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 28: 276 (1930)
= Plantago coronopus subvar. multipartita Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 28: 277 (1930)
= Plantago coronopus var. brevifolia DC.; Lam. & A. DC., Fl. Franç., éd. 3 6: 378 (1815)
= Plantago coronopus var. canariense Decne.; Prodr. [DC.] 13: 732 (1852)
= Plantago coronopus var. ceratophylla (Hoffmanns. & Link) Rapin; Mém. Soc. Linn. Paris 6: 482 (1827)
= Plantago coronopus var. columnae (Gouan) Rchb.; XXXVIII (1833)
= Plantago coronopus var. columnae (Gouan) Willd.; Sp. Pl., ed. 4 [Willd.] 1: 649 (1798)
= Plantago coronopus var. coronopifolia (Roth) Rchb.; XXXVIII (1833)
= Plantago coronopus var. crithmifolia Willk.; Willk. & Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 2: 359 (1868)
= Plantago coronopus var. erecta Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 28: 285 (1930)
= Plantago coronopus var. firma Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 28: 282 (1930)
= Plantago coronopus var. hortensis Merrem; 57 (1809)
= Plantago coronopus var. integralis (Gaudin) Rchb.; XXXVIII (1833)
= Plantago coronopus var. integrata Godr.; Gren. & Godr., Fl. France Corse 2: 722 (1853)
= Plantago coronopus var. integrifolia Dumort.; Fl. Belg.: 28 (1827)
= Plantago coronopus var. jacquinii (Roem. & Schult.) Dumort.; Fl. Belg.: 28 (1827)
= Plantago coronopus var. laciniata (Willk.) Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 28: 282 (1930)
= Plantago coronopus var. latifolia DC.; Lam. & A. DC., Fl. Franç., éd. 3 6: 378 (1815), nom. superfl.
= Plantago coronopus var. majoricensis (Willk.) O.Bolòs & Vigo; Collect. Bot. 14: 99 (1983)
= Plantago coronopus var. maritima Godr.; Gren. & Godr., Fl. France Corse 2: 722 (1853)
= Plantago coronopus var. maroccana Ball; Spicil. Fl. Marocc. [Ball]: 637 (1878)
= Plantago coronopus var. pilosa Merino; Contr. Fl. Galicia: 275 (1897)
= Plantago coronopus var. pseudomacrorrhiza Cout.; Fl. Portug.: 576 (1913)
= Plantago coronopus var. rifensis Sennen; Diagn. Nouv.: 80 (1936)
= Plantago coronopus var. rigida Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 28: 292 (1930)
= Plantago coronopus var. sabrinae Baker & Cardew; Rep. Bot. Soc. Exch. Club Brit. Isles 3: 28 (1911 publ. 1912)
= Plantago coronopus var. simplex Decne.; Prodr. [DC.] 13: 732 (1852)
= Plantago coronopus var. stricta Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 28: 278 (1930)
= Plantago coronopus var. subspinulosa Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 27: 255 (1936)
= Plantago coronopus var. tenuis (Hoffmanns. & Link) Samp.; Man. Fl. Port.: 415 (1914)
= Plantago coronopus var. tlemceniana Barnéoud; Monogr. Plantagin.: 20 (1845)
= Plantago coronopus var. triflora Dumort.; Fl. Belg.: 28 (1827)
= Plantago coronopus var. villosissima Sennen; Diagn. Nouv.: 205 (1936), nom. alt.
= Plantago coronopus var. vulgaris Gren. & Godr.; 722 (1853), nom. inval.
= Plantago erubescens Shuttlew. ex Costa; Fl. France 3: 145 (1904), pro syn.
= Plantago jacquinii Roem. & Schult.; Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis]. 3: 140 (1818)
= Plantago laciniata (Gray) Willk.; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 6:413 (1848)
= Plantago lacustris De Cresp.; New London Fl.: 51 (1877), nom. superfl.
= Plantago macrorhiza subsp. occidentalis Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 28: 310 (1930)
= Plantago neglecta Guss.; Fl. Sic. Prod. 1: 191 (1827)
= Plantago panormitana H.Lindb.; Acta Soc. Sci. Fenn., Ser. B, Opera Biol. 1(2): 143 (1932)
= Plantago parishii J.F.Macbr.; Contr. Gray Herb. 56: 61 (1918)
= Plantago prionota Pomel; Nouv. Mat. Fl. Atl. 2: 310 (1875)
= Plantago pseudoceratophylla H.Lindb.; Acta Soc. Sci. Fenn., Ser. B, Opera Biol. 1(2): 143 (1932)
= Plantago pseudoceratophylla subsp. panormitana H.Lindb.; Acta Soc. Sci. Fenn., Ser. B, Opera Biol. 1(2): 143 (1932)
= Plantago sabrinae (Baker & Cardew) Druce; Rep. Bot. Soc. Exch. Club Brit. Isles 4: 73 (1914 publ. 1915)
= Plantago serraria var. laciniata (Willk.) Pau; Mem. Mus. Ci. Nat. Barcelona, Ser. Bot. 1(1): 67 (1922)
= Plantago stellaris Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 47 (1796), nom. superfl.
= Plantago tenuis Hoffmanns. & Link; Fl. Portug. 1: 426 (1813)-1820
variant :
var. cupanii (Guss.) Decne.; Prodr. [DC.] 13: 732 (1852)
Distribution: Sicily; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia
13 SIC 20 ALG MOR TUN
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago coronopus subsp. cupanii (Guss.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 617 (1881)
= Plantago coronopus subvar. major Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 28: 302 (1930)
= Plantago coronopus subvar. minor Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 28: 302 (1930)
= Plantago coronopus var. rosulata (Batt.) Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 28: 302 (1930)
= Plantago cupanii Guss.; Fl. Sicul. Prodr. 1: 190 (1827)
= Plantago maxonnoi Sennen; Diagn. Nouv.: 114 (1936)
= Plantago rosulata Batt.; Batt. & Trab. Fl. de l´Alger. Dicot. 743 (1890)
species :
Plantago correae Rahn; Nordic J. Bot. 4(5): 622 (1984)
Distribution: Argentina (Santa Cruz, Tierra del Fuego)
85 ARG
Remarks: Sect. Oliganthos
species :
Plantago corvensis Hassemer; J. Torr. Bot. Soc. 141(2): 181 (2014)
Distribution: Brazil (Santa Catarina)
84 BRA
Remarks: Sect. Virginica
species :
Plantago crassifolia Forssk.; Fl. Aegypt.-Arab.: 31 (1775)
Name: Dickblättriger Wegerich (DE); Thick-leaved Plantain (EN)
Distribution: Spain; Baleares; France; W-France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; ?Montenegro; Albania; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt (NW-coastal Egypt); East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (Inner Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Cyprus (E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus); Lebanon (C-Lebanon); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley); Sinai peninsula (N-Sinai)
12 BAL COR FRA SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH CRO GRC ITA KRI SIC 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 34 CYP EAI ISR LEB SIN TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantaginella crassifolia (Forssk.) Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, N. S. 17: 140 (1869)
= Plantago crassifolia var. compacta Willk.; Willk. & Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 2: 358 (1868)
= Plantago falcifolia Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 47 (1796)
= Plantago maritima subsp. crassifolia (Forssk.) Holmboe; Bergens Mus. Skr. ser. 2, l(2): 170 (1914)
= Plantago maritima var. crassifolia (Forssk.) Batt.; Batt. & Trab., Fl. Algérie, Dicot.: 743 (1890)
species :
Plantago cretica L.; Sp. Pl.: 114 (1753)
Name: Kretischer Wegerich (DE); Cretan Plantain (EN)
Distribution: Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iraq; Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, NW-Syria, Jbel Druze, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, N-Negev Desert); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Australia [I] (Northern Territory [I])
13 GRC KRI 34 CYP EAI IRQ ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR 50 aus
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago catananche E.D.Clarke; Travels Eur. Asia & Africa 3: 336 (1813)
= Plantago cretica f. albidopilosa Pilg.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 269: 411 (1937)
species :
Plantago crypsoides Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 4: 888 (1879)
Distribution: Malta; Crete; Libya; Egypt (NE-Egypt, NW-coastal Egypt); Israel; Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai)
13 KRI MLT 20 EGY LBY 34 ISR SIN
Remarks: coronopus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago coronopus var. crassipes Coss. & Daveau; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 36: 106 (1889)
= Plantago crassipes (Coss. & Daveau) Brullo; Proc. Optima Meeting 5: 489 (1993), nom. illeg.
= Plantago sabulosa Danin & Raus; Willdenowia 41(2): 320 (2011)
species :
Plantago cumingiana Fisch. & C.A.Mey.; Ind. Sem. Hort. Petrop. 3: 44 (1837)
Distribution: Argentina (Chubut, Mendoza, Neuquen, Rio Negro, Santa Cruz); Chile (Valparaíso, Ñuble, Biobío, Araucanía, Los Rios, Los Lagos, Aisén, Magallanes)
85 ARG CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago australis subsp. cumingiana (Fisch. & C.A.Mey.) Rahn; Bot. Tidsskr. 60: 48 (1964)
= Plantago calbucana Phil.; Anales Univ. Chile 91: 252 (1895)
= Plantago carrenleofuensis Speg.; Anal. Soc Ci. Argentina. 53: 279 (1902), et Nov. Add. Fl. Patagonia. 2:, repr. 78 (1902)
= Plantago carrenleofuensis var. latifolia Pilg.; Pflanzenr. (Engl.) [Heft 102] 4, Fam. 269: 259 (1937)
= Plantago cumingiana var. minor Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50(2-3): 269 (1913)
= Plantago fonckii Phil.; Anales Univ. Chile 91: 259 (1895)
= Plantago julieti Phil.; Anales Univ. Chile 91: 262 (1895)
= Plantago laevigata Phil.; Anales Univ. Chile 91: 260 (1895)
= Plantago macrosperma Phil.; Anales Univ. Chile 91: 269 (1895)
= Plantago macrostachys var. subandina Speg.; Anales Soc. Ci. Argent. 53: 278 (1902)
= Plantago ovata Phil.; Anales Univ. Chile 91: 251 (1895), nom. illeg.
= Plantago pugae Phil.; Anales Univ. Chile 91: 250 (1895)
= Plantago tomentosa Cham. & Schltdl.; Linnaea 1: 169 (1826), nom. illeg.
= Plantago tomentosa var. foncki (Phil.) Reiche; Fl. Chile [Reiche] 6: 115 (1911)
species :
Plantago cunninghamii Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13: I. 702 (1852)
Distribution: Australia (South Australia, Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago debilis var. parviflora (Benth.) Pilg.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 269: 271 (1937)
= Plantago varia var. parviflora Benth.; Fl. Austral. 5: 141 (1870)
species :
Plantago cylindrica Forssk.; Fl. Aeg.-Arab. 31 (1775)
Distribution: Egypt (Eastern Desert, Great Southwestern Desert, NE-Egypt, NW-coastal Egypt); Iran (S-Iran); Syria (C-Syrian Desert); Israel (Rift Valley, N-Negev Desert, Judean Desert); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, N-Sinai, S-Sinai); Jordania (S-Jordania); Saudi Arabia (C-Saudi Arabia, Dahana, NE-Saudi Arabia, N-Saudi Arabia, Nafud Desert, Asir, Nejd Desert); Kuwait; Yemen (W-Yemen)
20 EGY 34 IRN ISR JOR SIN SYR 35 KUW SAU YEM
Remarks: Subgen. Albicans
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago argentea Sieber ex Rapin; Mém. Soc. Linn. Paris 6: 464 (1827), nom. illeg.
= Plantago setosa E.D.Clarke; Travels Eur. Asia & Africa 2: 643 (1812)
= Plantago victorialis Kotschy ex Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 705 (1852), nom. inval.
species :
Plantago cyrenaica E.A.Durand & Barratte; Fl. Libyc. Prodr.: 198 (1910)
Distribution: Libya
20 LBY
species :
Plantago debilis R.Br.; Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland. 425 (1810)
Distribution: Australia (South Australia, Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania); Norfolk Isl. [I]; New Zealand [I]; Hawaii [I] (Oahu [I])
50 AUS nfk 51 nzl 63 haw
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago varia var. debilis (R.Br.) Maiden & Betche; Census N.S.W. Pl.: 186 (1916)
= Plantago varia var. exigua Pilg.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 269: 269 (1937)
species :
Plantago densa (Pilg.) Rahn; Nordic J. Bot. 3(3): 336 (1983)
Distribution: Argentina (Cordoba, San Luis)
85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago brasiliensis subsp. densa (Pilg.) Rahn; Bot. Tidsskr. 73(2): 110 (1978)
= Plantago linearis var. densa Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 62: 59 (1928)
species :
Plantago depauperata Merr. & L.M.Perry; J. Arnold Arbor. 30: 54 (1949)
Distribution: New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
Remarks: antarctica agg.
species :
Plantago depressa Willd.; Enum. Hort. Berol. Suppl. 8 (1813)
subspecies :
subsp. depressa
Distribution: Germany [I]; Siberia (Altai, Buryatia, Chita, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva, W-Siberia, Yakutia); Russian Far East (Amur, Kamchatka, Khabarovsk, Magadan, Primorye); Kazakhstan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Afghanistan (Kunar / Nuristan); China (Anhui, Gansu, Hebei, Henan, Heilongjiang, Hubei, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Jilin, Liaoning, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Yunnan); Tibet; Mongolia; North Korea; South Korea; Pakistan (Chitral, Hazara, Baltistan); Nepal; Bhutan; India (Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Sikkim, Uttarakhand, Nubra, Ladakh, Zanskar, Chumbi)
11 ger 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ KGZ TZK UZB 34 AFG 36 CHI TIB 37 MON 38 KOR NKO 40 BHU IND NEP PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago asiatica var. decumbens Turcz.; Fl. Baical.-dahur. 2 1: 12 (1856)
= Plantago depressa f. glaberrima Kom.; Fl. Manshur. 3: 480 (1907)
= Plantago depressa f. magnibracteata T.Tanaka & T.K.Zheng; J. Jap. Bot., 65(10): 301 (1990)
= Plantago depressa f. minor Kom.; Fl. Manshur. 3: 480 (1907)
= Plantago leptostachys Ledeb.; Fl. Ross. (Ledeb.) 3: 479 (1847) non Hook.f.
= Plantago paludosa Turcz. ex Decne.; Fl. Ross. (Ledeb.) 3: 478 (1849)
= Plantago sibirica Poir.; Lam., Encycl., Suppl. 4: 433 (1816), nom. illeg.
= Plantago tibetica Hook.f. & Thomson; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 4: 706 (1885)
subspecies :
subsp. turczaninowii (Ganesch.) Tzvelev; Arktich. Fl. SSSR 8(2): 19 (1983)
Distribution: China (N-Hebei, Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, E-Nei Mongol); E-Mongolia
36 CHI 37 MON
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago depressa var. montana Kitag.; J. Jap. Bot. 19(4): 112 (1943)
= Plantago depressa var. turczaninowii Ganesch.; Trudy Bot. Muz. Imp. Akad. Nauk 8: 193 (1915)
species :
Plantago dielsiana Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 62: 107 (1928)
Distribution: SE-Brazil (Rio de Janeiro); Uruguay (Canelones, Montevideo, Rocha); Argentina (Buenos Aires)
84 BRA 85 ARG URU
Remarks: Sect. Virginica
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago australis subsp. dielsiana (Pilg.) Rahn; Bot. Tidsskr. 60: 49 (1964)
species :
Plantago drummondii Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13: I. 701 (1852)
Distribution: Australia (Western Australia, Northern Territory, South Australia, Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria)
50 AUS
Remarks: antarctica agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago pritzelii Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 20: 12 (1924)
species :
Plantago elongata Pursh; Fl. Am. Sept. 2: 729 (1813)
Name: Prairie plantain
Distribution: South Africa [I]; Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Saskatchewan); USA (Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Kansas, Minnesota, Montana, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Oregon, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Washington State, Wyoming); Mexico (Chihuahua)
27 saf 71 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
Remarks: sect. Micropsyllium
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago bigelovii A.Gray; Pacif. Railr. Rep. Whipple, Bot. 4(5
= Plantago bigelovii subsp. californica (Greene) Bassett; Canad. J. Bot. 44: 474 (1966)
= Plantago californica Greene; Bull. Calif. Acad. 1: III. 123 (1885)
= Plantago elongata subsp. pentasperma Bassett; Canad. J. Bot. 44: 470 (1966)
= Plantago elongata var. bigelovii (A.Gray) B.Boivin; Phytologia 22(5): 392 (1972)
= Plantago elongata var. californica (Greene) B.Boivin; Phytologia 22(5): 392 (1972)
= Plantago elongata var. pentasperma (Bassett) B.Boivin; Phytologia 22(5): 392 (1972)
= Plantago hookeriana var. californica (Greene) Poe; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 55: 417 (1928)
= Plantago linearifolia Muhl. ex Torr.; Fl. N. Middle United States 1: 185 (1824)
= Plantago myosuroides Rydb.; Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 1: 369 (1900)
= Plantago patagonica var. californica Greene; Man. Bot. San Francisco 236 (1894)
= Plantago patagonica var. rosulata Jeps.; Fl. W. Calif.: 419 (1901)
species :
Plantago erecta E.Morris; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 118 (1900)
Name: Dotseed plantain
Distribution: USA (California, Oregon); Mexico (Baja California Sur, Baja California Norte)
73 USA 76 USA 79 MEX
Remarks: Subgen. Albicans
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago dura E.Morris; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 27: 113 (1900)
= Plantago obversa E.Morris; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 28: 121 (1901)
= Plantago obversa subsp. rigidior Pilg.; Pflanzenr. (Engl.) [Heft 102] 4, Fam. 269: 377 (1937)
= Plantago speciosa E.Morris; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 28: 120 (1901)
= Plantago tetrantha E.Morris; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 27: 119 (1900)
species :
Plantago eriopoda Torr.; Ann. Lyc. N. York 2: 237 (1828)
Name: Redwool plantain
Distribution: Alaska; Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Northern Territories, Québec, Saskatchewan, Yukon); USA (Arizona, California, Colorado, Iowa, Idaho, Minnesota, Montana, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Mexico, Nevada, New York, Oregon, South Dakota, Utah, Washington State, Wyoming); Mexico (Chihuahua)
70 ASK CDN 71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
Remarks: eriopoda agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago attenuata E.James; Account Exped. Pittsburgh 1: 445 (1823), nom. illeg.
= Plantago cucullata Pursh; Fl. Amer. Sept. 1: 98 (1813), nom. illeg.
= Plantago eriopoda f. angustior Pilg.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 269: 99 (1937)
= Plantago eriopoda f. latior Pilg.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 269: 99 (1937)
= Plantago eriopoda f. maxima Pilg.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 269: 99 (1937)
= Plantago glabra Nutt.; Gen. Am. 1: 100 (1818)
= Plantago lanceolata var. latifolia Hook.; Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 123 (1838)
= Plantago oblongifolia Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 700 (1852)
= Plantago retrorsa Greene; Pl. Baker. 3: 32 (1901)
= Plantago shastensis Greene; Pl. Baker 3: 32 (1901)
= Plantago virescens Barnéoud; Monog. Plantag. 33 (1845)
species :
Plantago euana Hürl.; Bauhinia 3: 199 (1967)
Distribution: Tonga (´Eua)
60 TON
species :
Plantago euphratica Decne. ex Barnéoud; Monogr. Plantag. 51 (1845)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Psyllium euphraticum (Barnéoud) Soják; Cas. Nár. Mus., Odd Prir. 140: 130 (1972)
= Psyllium euphraticum (Decne. ex Barnéoud) H.Dietr.; Wiss. Zeitschr. Friedrich-Schiller Univ. Jena, Mat. Naturwiss., et in Wiss Zeitschr. Friedrich-Schiller Univ. Jena, Mat. Naturwiss. 29(4): 573 (1980), without basionym ref. 31(2): 195 (1982), with basionym ref.
species :
Plantago euryphylla B.G.Briggs, Carolin & Pulley; Contrib. New S. Wales Nation. Herb. 4(7): 396 (1973)
Distribution: Australia (New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania)
50 AUS
species :
Plantago exigua Murray; Comm. Götting. ser. 2, 1: 94, t. 5 (1779)
Distribution: Egypt (Eastern Desert, Nile Delta, Nile Valley); Iran (S-Iran, W-Iran); +Afghanistan; Pakistan [I]; Nepal; India (Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Maharashtra, Odisha, Pondicherry, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand)
20 EGY 34 AFG IRN 40 IND NEP pak
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago pumila L.f.; Suppl. Pl.: 125 (1782)
= Plantago rosetana Poir.; Encyc. Suppl. 4: 433 (1816)
= Psyllium exiguum (Murray) H.Dietr.; Wiss. Zeitschr. Friedrich-Schiller-Univ. Jena, Mat. Naturwiss. (Beitr. Phytotax., 6) 29(4): 573 (1980), without basionym ref., et in Wiss. Zeitschr. Friedrich-Schiller-Univ. Jena, Mat. Naturwiss. 31(2): 195 (1982), with basionym ref., isonym
= Psyllium exiguum (Murray) Soják; Cas. Nár. Mus., Odd. Prir. 140: 130 (1972)
= Psyllium pumilum (L.f.) Mirb.; Hist. Pl. ed. II. 14: 334 (1800)
species :
Plantago exilis Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13: I. 702 (1852)
Distribution: Australia (Western Australia)
50 AUS
species :
Plantago famarae Svent.; Addit. Fl. Canar. 1: 63 (1960)
Name: Famara-Flohsame (DE); Pinillo de Famara (ES)
Distribution: Canary Isl. (Lanzarote)
21 CNY
Remarks: Subgen. Psyllium
Synonyms: hidden
= Psyllium famarum (Svent.) G.Kunkel; Cuad. Bot. Canar. 28: 62 (1976 publ. 1977)
species :
Plantago fengdouensis (Z.E.Chao & Yong Wang) Yong Wang & Z.Yu Li; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 42: 558 (2004)
Distribution: China (Chongqing)
36 CHI
Remarks: status uncertain, most likely a form of P. asiatica
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago erosa var. fengdouensis Z.E.Chao & Yong Wang; Wuhan Bot. Res. 20(4): 263 (2002)
species :
Plantago fernandezia Bertero ex Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13: I. 704 (1845)
Distribution: Juan Fdz. Isl.
85 JNF
Remarks: Sect. Oliganthos
species :
Plantago firma Kunze ex Walp.; Nov. Act. Nat. Cur. 19: Suppl. 1: 402 (1843)
Name: Chilean plantain
Distribution: USA [I] (California [I]); Peru; Chile (Coquimbo, Valparaíso, Metropolitana de Santiago, O´Higgins, Maule, Ñuble, Biobío, Araucanía, Los Rios); Juan Fdz. Isl.
76 usa 83 PER 85 CLE JNF
Remarks: Sect. Virginica
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago brachypetala Wallr. ex Walp.; Nov. Actorum Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. Nat. Cur. 19(Suppl. 1): 402 (1843), nom. inval.
= Plantago brachystachys Kunze ex Walp.; Nov. Actorum Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. Nat. Cur. 19(Suppl. 1): 402 (1843)
= Plantago clausa Steud.; Flora 32: 407 (1849)
= Plantago leonensis Steud.; Flora 32: 404 (1849)
= Plantago marginata Steud.; Flora 32: 407 (1849)
= Plantago skottsbergii Pilg.; Kungl. Svenska Vetenskapsakad. Handl. 51(9): 6 (1914)
= Plantago truncata Barnéoud; Monogr. Plantag.: 14 (1845), nom. illeg.
= Plantago truncata subsp. firma (Kunze ex Walp.) Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50(2-3): 223 (1913)
= Plantago truncata subsp. skottsbergii (Pilg.) Pilg.; Nat. Hist. Juan Fernandez (Botany) 2: 171 (1921)
= Plantago truncata var. canohirsuta Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 62: 13 (1928)
= Plantago virginica var. firma (Kunze ex Walp.) Reiche; Fl. Chile 6: 117 (1911)
species :
Plantago fischeri Engl.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 19, Beibl. 47: 48 (1894)
Distribution: Tanzania
25 TAN
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago fischeri f. supina Pilg.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 269: 78 (1937)
species :
Plantago floccosa Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13: I. 723 (1852)
Name: Floccose plantain
Distribution: USA [I] (Florida [I]); Mexico (Chiapas, Durango, Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Mexico State, Nuevo Leon, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Tamaulipas, Veracruz)
78 usa 79 MEX
Remarks: Sect. Virginica
species :
Plantago galapagensis Rahn; Dansk Bot. Ark. 30(2): 110 (1974), nom. nov.
Distribution: Galapagos
83 GAL
Remarks: Sect. Virginica
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago paralias var. pumila (Hook.f.) Wiggins; Madroño 20: 252 (1970)
= Plantago tomentosa var. pumila Hook.f.; Trans. Linn. Soc. London 20(2): 194, 262 (1847)
species :
Plantago gaudichaudii Barnéoud; Monog. Plantag. 15 (1845)
Distribution: Australia (South Australia, Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago bakeri Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 20: 14 (1924)
species :
Plantago gentianoides Sm.; Fl. Graec. Prodr. 1: 101 (1806)
Distribution: Bosnia & Hercegovina; Serbia; Kosovo; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; Greece; Turkey (NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SE-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia); Iran (E-Iran, W-Iran)
13 ALB BIH BUL GRC KOS ROM SRB 34 IRN TUR
Remarks: major agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago paludosa Popov; M. G. Popov & N. V. Androssov, Rast. Zapovedn. Guralash i Zaaminsk. Lesnich.: 35 (1936), nom. illeg.
= Plantago sogdiana Popov; G. M. Popov & N. V. Androsov, Rast. Zapovedn. Guralash i Zaaminsk. Lesnich., ed. 2: 35 (1937)
= Plantago uliginosa Baumg.; Enum. Stirp. Transsilv. 1: 98 (1816), nom. illeg.
species :
Plantago glabrata Hook.f.; Hook. Lond. J. Bot. 6: 276 (1847)
Distribution: Australia (Tasmania)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago tasmanica var. glabrata (Hook.f.) Hook.f.; Fl. Tasman. 1: 303 (1857)
species :
Plantago glacialis B.G.Briggs, Carolin & Pulley; Contrib. New S. Wales Nation. Herb. 4(7): 395 (1973)
Distribution: Australia (New South Wales, Tasmania)
50 AUS
species :
Plantago grandiflora Meyen; Reise 1: 348 (1834)
Distribution: Argentina (Mendoza, Neuquen); Chile (Valparaíso, Metropolitana de Santiago, O´Higgins, Maule, Ñuble, Biobío, Araucanía)
85 ARG CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago frigida Kunze ex Walp.; Nov. Actorum Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. Nat. Cur. 19(Suppl. 1): 402 (1843), nom. illeg.
= Plantago grandiflora var. hirsuta Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 62: 48 (1928)
= Plantago macrantha Decne. ex Barnéoud; Monog. Plantag. 45 (1845)
= Plantago macrantha var. argentea Phil.; Anales Univ. Chile 18: 67 (1861)
= Plantago macrantha var. hirsuta Phil.; Anales Univ. Chile 18: 67 (1861)
= Plantago macrantha var. nitidifolia Barnéoud; Monogr. Plantag.: 45 (1845)
= Plantago platypetala Wallr. ex Walp.; Nov. Actorum Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. Nat. Cur. 19(Suppl. 1): 402 (1843)
species :
Plantago griffithii Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13: I. 700 (1852)
Distribution: Uzbekistan; Tajikistan; Iran; Afghanistan (Badakshan, Wakhan, Bamyan, Ghazni, Kabul, Kunar / Nuristan, Wardak, Paktia / Khost, Parwan); China (SW-Xinjiang); NW-Tibet; Pakistan (Baluchistan, Chitral, Kurram); India (Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Ladakh, Zanskar)
32 TZK UZB 34 AFG IRN 36 CHI TIB 40 IND PAK
Remarks: major agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago aitchisonii Pilg.; Notizbl. Königl. Bot. Gart. Berlin 9: 1099 (1927)
= Plantago gentianoides subsp. griffithii (Decne.) Rech.f.; Fl. Iranica 15: 9 (1965)
= Plantago gentianoides var. griffithii (Decne.) Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 21: 101 (1925)
= Plantago gentianoides var. laxa Pilg.; Notizbl. Königl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 9: 1100 (1927)
= Plantago gentianoides var. tenuispicata Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 21: 100 (1925)
= Plantago griffithii var. alpina Bornm.; Mitth. Thüring. Bot. Vereins 11: 67 (1897)
= Plantago salesarensis Gand.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 66: 222 (1919)
species :
Plantago guilleminiana Decne.; Bol. Acad. Nac. Cordova 4: 722 (1881)
Distribution: SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais, Sao Paulo, Rio de Janeiro); S-Brazil (Paraná, Santa Catarina, Rio Grande do Sul)
84 BRA
Remarks: Sect. Virginica
species :
Plantago gunnii Hook.f.; Hook. Lond. J. Bot. 5: 446 (1846)
Distribution: Australia (Tasmania)
50 AUS
Remarks: antarctica agg.
species :
Plantago hasskarlii Decne.; Prodr. (DC.) 13(1): 700 (1852)
Distribution: Java
42 JAW
Remarks: asiatica agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago rubens Hassk.; Cat. Hort. Bot. Bogor. Alt.: 95 (1844), nom. illeg.
species :
Plantago hatschbachiana Hassemer; Phytotaxa 278(2): 142 (2016)
Distribution: Brazil (Paraná, Mato Grosso do Sul)
84 BRA
Remarks: Sect. Virginica, commersoniana agg.
species :
Plantago hawaiensis (A.Gray) Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 19: 116 (1923)
Distribution: Hawaii (Hawaii Isl.)
63 HAW
Remarks: pachyphylla agg.
Conservation Status: 1999 Conservation Status: Endangered, USA Status: Endangered
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago gaudichaudiana H.Lév.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 10: 151 (1911)
= Plantago hawaiensis var. laxa Pilg.
= Plantago pachyphylla subvar. gracilis A.Gray
= Plantago pachyphylla var. hawaiensis A.Gray
species :
Plantago hedleyi Maiden; Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales 39: 379 (1914 publ. 1915)
Distribution: Lord Howe Isl.
50 LHI
species :
Plantago helleri Small; Bull. N. York Bot. Gard. 1: 288 (1899)
Name: Heller´s plantain
Distribution: USA (New Mexico, Texas); Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo Leon)
77 USA 79 MEX
Remarks: Subgen. Albicans
species :
Plantago heterophylla Nutt.; Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. N. S. 5: 177 (1837)
Name: Slender plantain
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, New Jersey, New York, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia); Mexico (Baja California Norte, Sonora); Paraguay (Cordillera); Uruguay (Paysandu); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Cordoba, Corrientes, Argentina Distrito Federal, Entre Rios, La Pampa)
74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX 85 ARG PAR URU
Remarks: sect. Micropsyllium
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago aquatilis Griseb.; Abh. Königl. Ges. Wiss. Göttingen 24: 221 (1879)
= Plantago perpusilla Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 697 (1852)
species :
Plantago himalaica Pilg.; Engl. Pflanzenreich, Plantaginac. 62. (1937)
Distribution: Pakistan (Hazara, Baltistan, Skardu); Nepal; NW-India (Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Uttarakhand, Ladakh, Zanskar)
40 IND NEP PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago brachyphylla Edgew. ex Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13: I. 696 (1852), non Roem. & Schult. 1818
= Plantago gentianoides Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 721 (1852), nom. inval.
= Plantago major var. brachyphylla Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 18: 278 (1922)
species :
Plantago hispida R.Br.; Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland. 425 (1810)
Distribution: Australia (South Australia, Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago tildeniae Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 20: 13 (1924)
= Plantago varia f. glabra Pilg.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 269: 269 (1937)
species :
Plantago hispidula Ruiz & Pav.; Fl. Peruv. 1: 51. t. 78 (1798)
Name: Llantén [Chile]
Distribution: Chile (Arica y Parinacota, Tarapacá, Antofagasta, Atacama, Coquimbo, Valparaíso, Metropolitana de Santiago, O´Higgins, Maule, Ñuble, Biobío, Araucanía)
85 CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago albida Phil.; Anales Univ. Chile 91: 269 (1895)
= Plantago callosa Colla; Mem. Reale Accad. Sci. Torino 39: 6 (1836)
= Plantago cinerea Dombey ex Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 712 (1852)
= Plantago disticha Phil.; Anales Univ. Chile 91: 272 (1895)
= Plantago heterophylla Phil.; Anales Univ. Chile 91: 265 (1895) nom. illeg.
= Plantago hispidula var. tumida (Link) Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 62: 42 (1928)
= Plantago macrosperma Steud.; Flora 32: 405 (1849)
= Plantago steinheilii Barnéoud; Monog. Plantag. 38 (p. p.) (1845)
= Plantago stenopetala Phil.; Anales Univ. Chile 91: 271 (1895)
= Plantago stenopetala var. stricta Phil.; Anales Univ. Chile 91: 272 (1895)
= Plantago subtrinervis Phil.; Linnaea 33: 221 (1864)
= Plantago tumida Link; Enum. Hort. Berol. 1: 121 (1821)
species :
Plantago hookeriana Fisch. & C.A.Mey.; Ind. Sem. Hort. Petrop. 5: 39 (1838)
Name: Hookers plantain
Distribution: USA (Louisiana, Mississippi, Texas); Mexico (Baja California Norte, Baja California Sur, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo Leon, Tamaulipas)
77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX
Remarks: Subgen. Albicans
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago hookeriana var. inflexa (E.Morris) Pilg.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 269: 378 (1937)
= Plantago hookeriana var. nuda (A.Gray) Poe; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 55: 416 (1928)
= Plantago inflexa E.Morris; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 27: 113 (1900)
= Plantago lanatifolia (J.M.Coult. & Fisher) Small ex E.Morris; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 27: 114 (1900)
= Plantago patagonica var. lanatifolia J.M.Coult. & Fisher; Bot. Gaz. 18: 303 (1893)
= Plantago patagonica var. nuda A.Gray; Manual, ed. 2: 269 (1856)
= Plantago rosei Pilg.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 269: 278 (1937)
= Plantago texensis Raf.; New Fl. 4: 11 (1838)
species :
Plantago humboldtiana Hassemer; PeerJ 4:e2050 (2016)
Distribution: Brazil (Santa Catarina)
84 BRA
Remarks: extremely narrow endemic, known from only one waterfall area
species :
Plantago incisa Hassk.; Flora 25 (2. Beibl.) 23 (1842)
Distribution: S-China; Thailand; Vietnam; Sumatra; Java
36 CHI 41 THA VIE 42 JAW SUM
species :
Plantago japonica Franch. & Sav.; Enum. Pl. Jap. 2: 469 (1878)
Distribution: Russian Far East (Kuril Isl., Sakhalin); North Korea; South Korea; Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu)
31 RFE 38 JAP KOR NKO
Remarks: major agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago asiatica f. polystachya (Makino) Nakai; Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus., Tokyo 31: 105 (1952)
= Plantago japonica f. fastigiata Honda; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 51(603): 94 (1937)
= Plantago japonica f. polystachya Makino; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 21(no. 250): 158 (1907)
= Plantago littoralis Nakai; Veg. Apoi, 12, 68 (1930), nomen subnudum
= Plantago macronipponica Yamam.; J. Soc. Trop. Agric., Taiwan 10: 274 (1938)
= Plantago major f. polystachya (Makino) T.Yamaz.; Fl. Japan, 3a: 385 (1993)
= Plantago major var. japonica (Franch. & Sav.) Miyabe; Fl. Kuril. 256 (1890)
= Plantago multistachya S.H.Oh; Fl. Korea [Park] 6a: 132 (2018), nom. nov. for P. japonica f. polystachya
= Plantago namikawae Masam.; J. Jap. Bot. 10: 512 (1934)
= Plantago polystachya (Makino) Y.Kim; Korea Univ. J. Sci. Tech. 16: 40 (1975), nom. illeg.
= Plantago togashii Miyabe & Tatew.; Trans. Sapporo Nat. Hist. Soc. 14: 79 (1935)
species :
Plantago johnstonii Pilg.; Notizbl. Königl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 10: 767 (1929)
Distribution: +Chile (+Antofagasta)
85 CLE
Conservation Status: Extinct. Known only from type gathering.
species :
Plantago jujuyensis Rahn; Dansk Bot. Ark. 30(2): 113 (1974)
Distribution: Argentina (Jujuy)
85 ARG
Remarks: Sect. Virginica
species :
Plantago jurtzevii (Tzvelev) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 30: 144 (1996)
Distribution: Russian Far East (Magadan)
31 RFE
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago canescens subsp. jurtzevii Tzvelev; Arktich. Fl. SSSR 8(2): 21 (1983)
species :
Plantago komarovii Pavlov; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou, Sect. Biol., n. s. 38: 130 (1929)
Distribution: Siberia (Altai, Tuva); Kazakhstan; China (N-Xinjiang); W-Mongolia
30 SIB 32 KAZ 36 CHI 37 MON
species :
Plantago krascheninnikovii C.Serg.; Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS 21: 338 (1961)
Distribution: European Russia; Siberia (W-Siberia)
14 RUS 30 SIB
Remarks: media agg.
species :
Plantago lachnantha Bunge; Mem. Sav. Etr. Petersb. 7: 446 (1851), et Beitr. Fl. Russl.: 270 (1852)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Tajikistan; Iran (EC-Iran, E-Iran, SW-Iran); Afghanistan (Farah, Kandahar)
32 KAZ TKM TZK UZB 34 AFG IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago evacina Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 4: 887 (1879)
species :
Plantago lagocephala Bunge; Mem. Sav. Etr. Petersb. 7: 445 (1851), et Beitr. Fl. Russl.: 269 (1852)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Tajikistan; Afghanistan (Baghlan, Bamyan); China (N-Xinjiang); Pakistan (Baluchistan)
32 KAZ TKM TZK UZB 34 AFG 36 CHI 40 PAK
species :
Plantago lagopus L.; Sp. Pl.: 114 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. lagopus
Name: Hasenfuß-Wegerich (DE); Hare´s-foot Plantain (EN)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Pantelleria; Malta; Croatia; ?Montenegro; Albania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; European Russia; Crimea; Morocco; Western Sahara; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt (Desert Oases, Great Southwestern Desert, Nile Delta, Nile Valley, NW-coastal Egypt); Madeira (Madeira Isl., Porto Santo Isl.); Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro, La Palma); Cape Verde Isl. (Sao Vicente Isl.); East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia, S-Iraq); Iran (S-Iran, W-Iran); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, NW-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (C-Israel, coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, N-Negev Desert, Judean Desert, Negev Desert); Sinai peninsula (N-Sinai); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Saudi Arabia (NE-Saudi Arabia, Asir); Kuwait; Pakistan (Waziristan)
11 ger 12 BAL COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BUL CRO GRC ITA KRI MLT PTL SIC TUE 14 KRY RUS 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN WSA 21 CNY CVI MDR 34 CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SIN SYR TUR 35 KUW SAU 40 PAK
Remarks: Subgen. Albicans
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago aliena Schrad. ex Roem. & Schult.; Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis]. 3: 119 (1818)
= Plantago arvensis C.Presl; Prodr. Fl. Sicul.: 64 (1819)
= Plantago dasyurus Raf.; First Cat. Gard. Transylv. Univ.: 15 (1824)
= Plantago denticulata Link ex Schrank; Pl. Rar. Hort. Monac.: t. 25 (1819)
= Plantago eriostachya Ten.; Fl. Napol. 1(Prodr.): XIII (1811)
= Plantago fornicata K.Koch; Linnaea 21: 712 (1848)
= Plantago intermedia Lapeyr.; Hist. Pl. Pyrénées: 69 (1813), nom. illeg.
= Plantago lagopoda St.-Lag.; Ann. Soc. Bot. Lyon 7: 132 (1880), orth. var.
= Plantago lagopodioides Schrank; Denkschr. Königl. Akad. Wiss. München 4: 71 (1813 publ. 1814)
= Plantago lagopoides Viv.; Fl. Libyc. Spec.: 7 (1824), nom. illeg.
= Plantago lagopus f. eriostachya (Ten.) Bég.; Fl. Anal. Italia [Fiori & Paoletti] 3: 96 (1903)
= Plantago lagopus f. lusitanica (L.) Batt.; Fl. Algerie [Battandier & Trab.] Dicot.: 741 (1890)
= Plantago lagopus f. melanocephala (Font Quer) Knoche; Fl. Baléar. 2: 410 (1922)
= Plantago lagopus f. minor (Ten.) Bég.; Fiori et al., Fl. Anal. Italia 3: 96 (1903)
= Plantago lagopus subsp. cylindrica (Boiss.) Franco; Nova Fl. Portugal 2: 569 (1984)
= Plantago lagopus subsp. lusitanica (L.) Sennen & Mauricio; Cat. Rif: 98 (1933)
= Plantago lagopus subvar. melanocephala (Font Quer) Pilg.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 269: 335 (1937)
= Plantago lagopus var. caulescens Christ; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 9: 144 (1888)
= Plantago lagopus var. cylindrica Boiss.; Voy. Bot. Espagne 2: 536 (1841)
= Plantago lagopus var. eriostachya (Ten.) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 10: 131 (1908)
= Plantago lagopus var. glabrata Maire; Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc 8: 226 (1924)
= Plantago lagopus var. gracilis Barnéoud; Hist. Nat. Iles Canaries (Phytogr.). 3(2) 3: 185 (1846)
= Plantago lagopus var. intermedia Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 10: 131 (1908)
= Plantago lagopus var. lusitanica (L.) Barnéoud; Webb & Berthel., Hist. Nat. Iles Canaries 3(2
= Plantago lagopus var. major Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 4: 886 (1879)
= Plantago lagopus var. melanocephala Font Quer; Asoc. Esp. Progr. Ci. Congr. Oporto 6: 24 (1921)
= Plantago lagurus Roth; Nov. Pl. Sp. 87 (1821)
= Plantago lusitanica L.; Sp. Pl. ed. II. 1667 (1763)
= Plantago lusitanica Willd.; Sp. Pl., ed. 4 [Willd.] 1(2): 644 (1798) non L.
= Plantago madritensis Lag. ex Rapin; Mem. Soc. Linr. Par. 6: 459 (1827)
= Plantago matritensis Lag. ex Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13: I. 716 (1852)
= Plantago pseudolusitanica Roem. & Schult.; Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis]. 3: 121 (1818)
= Plantago vaginata Vent.; Descr. Pl. Nouv.: t. 29 (1801)
subspecies :
subsp. ptolemaidis Brullo & Furnari; Webbia 34: 169 (1979)
Distribution: Libya
20 LBY
species :
Plantago lamprophylla Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 37: 645 (1906)
Distribution: Peru; Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz)
83 BOL PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago godetii Beauverd; Bull. Soc. Bot. Geneve, Ser. II. 14: 181 (1922 publ. 1923)
= Plantago lamprophylla var. humillima Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 37(5): 645 (1906)
= Plantago nubigena var. acutiloba Wedd.; Chlor. Andina 2: 163 (1860)
= Plantago weberbaueri Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 62: 83 (1928)
species :
Plantago lanceolata L.; Sp. Pl.: 113 (1753)
Name: Spitz-Wegerich (DE); Narrow-leaf Plantain (EN); Llanten de pantano, Yerba de costilla (ES)
Distribution: Iceland; Faeroe Isl.; England; Ireland; Denmark; Norway; Sweden; Finland; Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; Andorra; Baleares; France; Channel Isl.; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Malta; San Marino; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; N-European Russia; W-European Russia; Ukraine; Crimea; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt (Nile Delta); Azores (Santa Maria Isl., Sao Miguel Isl., Terceira, Graciosa, Sao Jorge, Pico, Faial, Flores Isl., Corvo Isl.); Madeira (Madeira Isl., Ilhas Desertas, Porto Santo Isl.); Canary Isl. (Gran Canaria, Tenerife, Hierro); Sudan [I]; Djibouti [I]; Zimbabwe [I]; Namibia [I]; Botswana [I]; South Africa [I] (widespread); Lesotho [I]; St. Helena [I]; Madagascar [I]; Mauritius [I]; La Réunion [I]; Rodrigues [I]; Siberia (Altai [I], Krasnoyarsk [I], W-Siberia); Russian Far East [I] (Kamchatka [I], Khabarovsk [I], Kuril Isl. [I], Magadan [I], Primorye [I], Sakhalin [I]); Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia); Iran (EC-Iran, E-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, S-Iran, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Badakshan, Badghys, Bamyan, Faryab, Ghazni, Ghorat, Herat, Kabul, Kandahar, Kunar / Nuristan, Parwan, Qunduz, Takhar); Cyprus (C-Mountains, N-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (NW-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Saudi Arabia (C-Saudi Arabia, NE-Saudi Arabia, Asir, Nejd Desert); Qatar; Yemen (N-Inner Yemen, Tihama, W-Yemen); China (Gansu, Henan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Liaoning, Shandong, Xinjiang, Yunnan, Zhejiang); South Korea [I]; Japan [I]; Taiwan; Pakistan (widespread); Nepal; Bhutan; India (Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Maharashtra, Punjab, Tamil Nadu); Sri Lanka [I]; Philippines [I]; Java [I]; New Guinea [I]; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], Northern Territory [I], South Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); Lord Howe Isl. [I]; Norfolk Isl. [I]; New Zealand [I]; Chatham Isl. [I]; Auckland Isl. [I]; New Caledonia [I]; Tonga [I] (Tongatapu [I]); Niue [I]; Cook Isl. [I] (Rarotonga [I], Mangaia [I]); Society Isl. [I] (Tahiti [I]); Austral Isl. [I] (Tubuai [I]); Easter Isl. [I]; Hawaii [I] (Midway Isl. [I], French Frigate Shoals [I], Kauai [I], Oahu [I], Molokai [I], Lanai [I], Maui [I], Hawaii Isl. [I]); Alaska [I]; Greenland [I]; Canada [I] (Alberta [I], British Columbia [I], Manitoba [I], New Brunswick [I], Newfoundland [I], Nova Scotia [I], Ontario [I], Prince Edward Isl. [I], Québec [I], Saskatchewan [I]); St. Pierre et Miquelon [I]; USA [I] (Alabama [I], Arkansas [I], Arizona [I], California [I], Colorado [I], Connecticut [I], District of Columbia [I], Delaware [I], Florida [I], Georgia [I], Iowa [I], Idaho [I], Illinois [I], Indiana [I], Kansas [I], Kentucky [I], Louisiana [I], Massachusetts [I], Maryland [I], Maine [I], Michigan [I], Minnesota [I], Missouri [I], Mississippi [I], Montana [I], North Carolina [I], North Dakota [I], Nebraska [I], New Hampshire [I], New Jersey [I], New Mexico [I], Nevada [I], New York [I], Ohio [I], Oklahoma [I], Oregon [I], Pennsylvania [I], Rhode Island [I], South Carolina [I], South Dakota [I], Tennessee [I], Texas [I], Utah [I], Virginia [I], Vermont [I], Washington State [I], Wisconsin [I], West Virginia [I], Wyoming [I]); Mexico [I] (widespread); Costa Rica [I]; Panama [I]; Bahamas [I]; Cuba [I]; Jamaica [I]; Hispaniola [I]; Puerto Rico [I]; Montserrat [I]; Guadeloupe [I]; Martinique [I]; Colombia [I]; Venezuela [I]; French Guiana [I]; Ecuador [I]; Peru [I]; Bolivia [I]; Uruguay [I]; Argentina [I]; Chile [I] (Antofagasta [I], Atacama [I], Coquimbo [I], Valparaíso [I], Metropolitana de Santiago [I], O´Higgins [I], Maule [I], Ñuble [I], Biobío [I], Araucanía [I], Los Rios [I], Los Lagos [I], Aisén [I], Magallanes [I]); Juan Fdz. Isl. [I]; Marion Isl. [I]; Falkland Isl. [I]; Gough Isl. [I]; Tristan da Cunha [I]
10 DEN FIN FOR GRB ICE IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 ADO BAL CIS COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MLT MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SMA SRB TUE 14 BLR EST KRY LAT LIT RUS UKR 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 21 AZO CNY MDR 24 dji sud 26 zim 27 bot les nam saf 28 sth 29 mau mdg reu rod 30 SIB 31 rfe 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR 35 QAT SAU YEM 36 CHI 38 jap kor TAI 40 BHU IND NEP PAK srl 42 jaw nwg phi 50 aus lhi nfk 51 auc ctm nzl 60 nue nwc ton 61 aui coo eas sci 63 haw 70 ask gnl 71 cdn 72 cdn spm 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa 79 mex 80 cos pan 81 bah cub gdl his jam mar mts pue 82 clm frg ven 83 bol ecu per 85 arg cle jnf uru 91 fal mpe tdc
Remarks: Subgen. Albicans, sect. Lancifolia
Synonyms: hidden
= Arnoglossum lanceolatum (L.) Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 293 (1821 publ. 1822)
= Arnoglossum lanceolatum var. ramosum Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 293 (1821 publ. 1822)
= Arnoglossum lanceolatum var. roseum Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 293 (1821 publ. 1822)
= Arnoglossum lanceolatum var. trinervium Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 293 (1821 publ. 1822)
= Lagopus lanceolatus (L.) Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, N. S. 17: 140 (1869)
= Lagopus timbali Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, N. S. 17: 140 (1869)
= Plantago abyssinica Hochst. ex A.Braun; Flora 1: 279 (1841)
= Plantago ambigua Guss.; Fl. Sicul. Prodr. 1: 185 (1827)
= Plantago argentea Brot.; Fl. Lusit. 1: 156 (1804), nom. illeg.
= Plantago attenuata Wall.; Roxb. Fl. Ind., ed. Carey & Wall. 1: 422 (1820)
= Plantago azorica Hochst. ex Seub.; Fl. Azor.: 30 (1840)
= Plantago byzantina K.Koch; Linnaea 21: 712 (1848)
= Plantago capensis Bojer; Hortus Maurit.: 263 (1837), nom. inval.
= Plantago capitata Ten.; Fl. Napol. 1: 59 (1811)
= Plantago contorta Guss.; Fl. Sicul. Prodr. 1: 186 (1827)
= Plantago dalmatica Schott ex Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 2: 348 (1841), nom. inval.
= Plantago decumbens Rchb.; Fl. Germ. Excurs.: 396 (1831) (non Forssk., Fl. Aegypt.-Arab.: 30 (1775))
= Plantago dubia L.; Fl. Suec. ed. 2: 16 (1755)
= Plantago elata Schur; Verh. Mitth. Siebenbürg. Vereins Naturwiss. Hermannstadt 4: 62 (1853), nom. illeg.
= Plantago elata Steud.; Flora 32: 413 (1849)
= Plantago eriophora Hoffmanns. & Link; Fl. Portug. 1: 423 (1813)-1820
= Plantago flexuosa Gaudin ex Rapin; Mem. Soc. Linn. Par. 6: 456 (1827)
= Plantago fontis-curvae Kom.; Izv. Bot. Sada Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R. 30: 210 (1931 publ. 1932)
= Plantago glabriflora Sakalo; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 33: 84 (1948)
= Plantago glareosa A.Kern.; Menyh., Kalocsa Vid. Növen.: 150 (1877) (n. v.)
= Plantago glauca C.A.Mey.; Verz. Pfl. Casp. Meer.: 115 (1831)
= Plantago hirsuta Mazziari; Ionios Anthologia 1(4): 947 (1834), nom. inval.
= Plantago hungarica Waldst. & Kit.; Descr. Icon. Pl. Hung.: 225 (1807)
= Plantago intermedia K.Koch; Linnaea 21: 711 (1849), nom. illeg.
= Plantago irrigua Fisch. ex Rchb.; Fl. Germ. Excurs. 1: 396 (1831), nom. inval.
= Plantago japonica var. yezomaritima (Koidz.) H.Hara; Enum. Spermatophytarum Japon. 1: 300 (1948)
= Plantago kurdica Vatke; Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 16: 52 (1874)
= Plantago lanata Host; Fl. Austriaca 1: 210 (1827), nom. illeg.
= Plantago lanceifolia Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 47 (1796), nom. superfl.
= Plantago lanceolata f. bifurca Merino; Fl. Galicia 2: 245 (1906)
= Plantago lanceolata f. coarctata Neuman; Bot. Notiser 1896: 87 (1896)
= Plantago lanceolata f. composita Farw.; Rep. (Annual) Michigan Acad. Sci. 22: 184 (1921)
= Plantago lanceolata f. dubia (L.) Lindm.; 503 (1918)
= Plantago lanceolata f. eriophora (Hoffmanns. & Link) L.Gross; 82 (1906)
= Plantago lanceolata f. eriophora (Hoffmanns. & Link) Merino; Fl. Galicia 2: 245 (1906)
= Plantago lanceolata f. lanuginosa (Mert. & W.D.J.Koch) Bolzon; Bull. Soc. Bot. Ital. 1900: 334 (1900)
= Plantago lanceolata f. macrostachya Merino; Fl. Galicia 2: 245 (1906)
= Plantago lanceolata f. minor Stefánsson; 175 (1901)
= Plantago lanceolata f. pleiocephala Merino; Fl. Galicia 2: 245 (1906)
= Plantago lanceolata subsp. altissima Retz.; Fl. Scand. Prod., ed. 2: 35 (1795)
= Plantago lanceolata subsp. capitata Retz.; Fl. Scand. Prod., ed. 2: 35 (1795)
= Plantago lanceolata subsp. communis (Schltdl.) Pott.-Alap.; Fl. Tunisie: 880 (1981) (comb. inval.)
= Plantago lanceolata subsp. elata (Schur) Tacik; Pawl., 254 (1967)
= Plantago lanceolata subsp. eriophora (Hoffmanns. & Link) Soó; Feddes Repert. 83(3): 189 (1972)
= Plantago lanceolata subsp. glareosa (A.Kern.) Murr; 293 (1924)
= Plantago lanceolata subsp. lanuginosa (Mert. & W.D.J.Koch) Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital.: 500 (1882)
= Plantago lanceolata subsp. lanuginosa (Mert. & W.D.J.Koch) Ces.; Car. Catt., 311 (1844)
= Plantago lanceolata subsp. sphaerostachya (Mert. & W.D.J.Koch) Hayek; (1912)
= Plantago lanceolata subvar. eriophora (Hoffmanns. & Link) Pilg.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 269: 323 (1937)
= Plantago lanceolata subvar. euryphylla Pilg.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 269: 324 (1937)
= Plantago lanceolata subvar. lasiophylla Pilg.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 269: 323 (1937)
= Plantago lanceolata subvar. sphaerostachya (Mert. & W.D.J.Koch) Pilg.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 269: 317 (1937)
= Plantago lanceolata var. alpina Gaudin; Fl. Helv. 1: 399 (1828)
= Plantago lanceolata var. altissima Schumach.; 45 (1801)
= Plantago lanceolata var. angustifolia DC.; Lam. & A. DC., Fl. Franç., éd. 3 3: 409 (1805)
= Plantago lanceolata var. angustifolia St.-Lag.; Cariot, Étude Fl., éd. 8 2: 692 (1889)
= Plantago lanceolata var. bakeri C.E.Salmon; Fl. Surrey: 540 (1931)
= Plantago lanceolata var. capitata (Ten.) Cout.; Fl. Portugal: 578 (1913)
= Plantago lanceolata var. capitellata W.D.J.Koch; Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv.: 686 (1838)
= Plantago lanceolata var. communis Schltdl.; Fl. Berol. 1: 109 (1823)
= Plantago lanceolata var. contigua Menezes; Fl. Arch. Madeira: 146 (1914)
= Plantago lanceolata var. dubia (L.) Lilj.; Utkast Sv. Fl., ed. 3: 93 (1816)
= Plantago lanceolata var. dubia (L.) Wahlenb.; 96 (1824)
= Plantago lanceolata var. elata (Schur) Tacik; Pawl., 254 (1967)
= Plantago lanceolata var. elata Bab.; 262 (1847)
= Plantago lanceolata var. erecta Schltdl.; Fl. Berol. 1: 109 (1823)
= Plantago lanceolata var. eriophora (Hoffmanns. & Link) Cout.; Fl. Portugal: 578 (1913)
= Plantago lanceolata var. eriophora (Hoffmanns. & Link) Simonk.; 464 (1887)
= Plantago lanceolata var. eriophylla Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 715 (1852)
= Plantago lanceolata var. glareosa (A.Kern.) Murr; 52 (1902)
= Plantago lanceolata var. graminifolia Wahlb.; Fl. Gothob.: 11 (1820)
= Plantago lanceolata var. humifusa (Bernh.) M.Loehr; 560 (1852)
= Plantago lanceolata var. lanuginosa (Bastard) Mert. & W.D.J.Koch; Deutschl. Fl. (Mertens & W. D. J. Koch), ed. 3. 1: 803 (1823)
= Plantago lanceolata var. lanuginosa Bluff & Fingerh.; Comp. Fl. German. 1: 199 (1825), nom. illeg.
= Plantago lanceolata var. lanuginosa Mert. & W.D.J.Koch; Röhling, Deutschl. Fl., ed. 3, 1: 803 (1823)
= Plantago lanceolata var. latifolia Wimm. & Grab.; Fl. Siles. 1: 129 (1827)
= Plantago lanceolata var. major Schrad.; 34 (1827)
= Plantago lanceolata var. major Syme; 171 (1867), nom. illeg.
= Plantago lanceolata var. maritima Godr.; Gren. & Godr., Fl. France Corse 2: 727 (1853)
= Plantago lanceolata var. media Schrad.; 34 (1827), nom. inval.
= Plantago lanceolata var. mediterranea (Strobl) Pilg.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 269: 320 (1937)
= Plantago lanceolata var. minima Gaudin; Fl. Helv. 1: 399 (1828)
= Plantago lanceolata var. minima Moritzi; 94 (1832)
= Plantago lanceolata var. minor Schltdl.; Fl. Berol. 1: 109 (1823)
= Plantago lanceolata var. minor Schrad.; 35 (1827), nom. illeg.
= Plantago lanceolata var. montana Edmondston; Fl. Shetland: 17 (1845)
= Plantago lanceolata var. montana Godr.; Gren. & Godr., Fl. France Corse 2: 727 (1853)
= Plantago lanceolata var. multinervia Merino; Brotéria, Sér. Bot. 14: 165 (1916)
= Plantago lanceolata var. phyllostachya Mert. & W.D.J.Koch; 804 (1823), nom. inval.
= Plantago lanceolata var. polystachia Boenn.; Prodr. Fl. Monast. Westphal.: 44 (1824)
= Plantago lanceolata var. polystachya Hayne; t. 15 (1813)
= Plantago lanceolata var. polystachya Mert. & W.D.J.Koch; 804 (1823), nom. inval.
= Plantago lanceolata var. prolifera Roth; 61 (1788)
= Plantago lanceolata var. pseudaltissima Murr; 293 (1924)
= Plantago lanceolata var. pumila W.D.J.Koch; 597 (1837), nom. illeg.
= Plantago lanceolata var. quinquenervia Hayne; t. 15 (1813)
= Plantago lanceolata var. sphaerostachya Mert. & W.D.J.Koch; Röhling, Deutschl. Fl., ed. 3, 1: 803 (1823)
= Plantago lanceolata var. sylvatica Mert. & W.D.J.Koch; Röhling, Deutschl. Fl., ed. 3, 1: 792 (1823)
= Plantago lanceolata var. timbalii (Jord.) Gaut.; Cat. Fl. Pyrénées-orientales: 365 (1897)
= Plantago lanceolata var. trinervia Hayne; t. 15 (1813)
= Plantago lanuginosa Bastard; Essai Fl. Maine-et-Loire 60 (1809)
= Plantago linkii Roem. & Schult.; Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis]. 3: 117 (1818)
= Plantago longiscapa Mazziari; Ionios Anthologia 1(4): 947 (1834), nom. inval.
= Plantago longistipes Royle ex Barnéoud; Monogr. Plantag.: 28 (1845), nom. inval.
= Plantago major f. yezomaritima (Koidz.) Ohwi; Fl. Jap. (Ohwi) 1077 (1953)
= Plantago media var. prolifera Roth; Enum. Pl. Phaen. Germ. 1(1): 444 (1827)
= Plantago mediterranea Strobl; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 32: 95 (1882)
= Plantago microcephala Royle ex Barnéoud; Monogr. Plantag.: 29 (1845), nom. inval.
= Plantago minor Garsault; Fig. Pl. Méd.: t. 461 (1764), opus utique rej.
= Plantago nigricans Link ex Rchb.; Fl. Germ. Excurs. 1: 396 (1831), nom. inval.
= Plantago nutans Poir.; Lam., Encycl. 5: 381 (1804)
= Plantago orientalis Stapf; Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Wien. Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 50: 33 (1885)
= Plantago orientalis var. lycia Stapf; Denkschr. Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 50(2): 93 (1885)
= Plantago podlechii Akhani; Edinburgh J. Bot. 56(1): 16 (1999)
= Plantago preslii Ten.; Fl. Neapol. Prodr. App. 5: vii (1826)
= Plantago pseudopatagonica Vatke; Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 16: 50 (1874)
= Plantago schottii Roem. & Schult.; Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis]. 3: 118 (1818)
= Plantago sphaerostachya (Mert. & W.D.J.Koch) A.Kern.; Sched. Fl. Austro-Hung. 4: 71 (1886)
= Plantago sphaerostachya Hegetschw.; Fl. Schweiz: 116 (1838)
= Plantago succisa Lyons; Fasc. Pl. Cantabr.: 20 (1763)
= Plantago sylvatica Pers.; Schaub, 235 (1799), nom. inval.
= Plantago timbalii Jord.; Mém. Acad. Sci. Lyon, Sect. Sci. 1: 138 (1852)
= Plantago tomentosa Gilib.; Fl. Lit. Inch. 1: 17 (1782), opus utique oppr.
= Plantago trinervis Mazziari; Ionios Anthologia 1(4): 947 (1834), nom. inval.
= Plantago variabilis Link ex Barnéoud; Monog. Plantag. 29 (1845)
= Plantago yezomaritima Koidz.; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 10: 142 (1941)
species :
Plantago lanigera Hook.f.; Handb. N. Zeal. Fl. 227 (1864)
Distribution: New Zealand
51 NZL
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago lanigera var. petieri Cheeseman; Man. New Zealand Fl.: 572 (1906)
species :
Plantago laxiflora Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 699 (1852)
Distribution: South Africa (E-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
species :
Plantago limensis Pers.; Syn. 1: 139 (1805)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago hirsuta f. minima Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 62: 45 (1928)
= Plantago hirsuta f. tenuior Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 62: 45 (1928)
= Plantago hirsuta Ruiz & Pav.; Fl. Peruv. 1: 51 (1798), nom. illeg.
= Plantago limensis f. minima (Pilg.) Pilg.; Pflanzenr. (Engl.) [Heft 102] 4, Fam. 269: 365 (1937)
= Plantago limensis f. tenuior (Pilg.) Pilg.; Pflanzenr. (Engl.) [Heft 102] 4, Fam. 269: 365 (1937)
= Plantago nitida Roem. & Schult.; Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis]. 3: 149 (1818)
= Plantago tacnensis Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 15: 424 (1919)
species :
Plantago linearis Kunth; Nov. Gen. et Sp. 2: 229 (1818)
Distribution: Mexico (Aguascalientes, Baja California Norte, Baja California Sur, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Nuevo Leon, Oaxaca, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Zacatecas); Colombia (Boyacá, Cauca, Cundinamarca, Norte de Santander, Risaralda); Venezuela (Merida, Tachira, Trujillo); Ecuador; Peru
79 MEX 82 CLM VEN 83 ECU PER
Remarks: possibly a synonym of P. nivea
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago amblyacme Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 15: 421 (1919)
= Plantago barneoudii Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13: I. 710 (1852)
= Plantago eriorrhiza Willd. ex Spreng.; Syst. Veg. ed. 16. 1: 437 (1824)
= Plantago linearis f. barneoudii (Decne.) Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 62: 56 (1928)
= Plantago linearis f. supina Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 62: 56 (1928)
= Plantago linearis var. capitata Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 15: 422 (1919)
= Plantago linearis var. humboldtii Vatke; Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 16: 52 (1874)
= Plantago linearis var. stenophylla Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 62: 61 (1928)
= Plantago linearis var. villosa Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 62: 61 (1928)
= Plantago luzuloidea Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13: I. 710 (1852)
= Plantago sericea var. linearis (Kunth) Wedd.; Chlor. Andina 2: 164 (1860)
= Plantago sericea var. luzuloidea (Decne. ex DC.) Wedd.; Chlor. And. 2: 164 (1860)
= Plantago xorulensis Barnéoud; Monogr. Plantag.: 44 (1845), nom. illeg.
variant :
var. lasiophylla Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 14: 112 (1915)
Distribution: Mexico (Aguascalientes, Sinaloa, Veracruz, Durango, etc.)
79 MEX
variant :
var. leptotricha Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 62: 61 (1928)
Distribution: Venezuela (Merida, Trujillo)
82 VEN
species :
Plantago litorea Phil.; Fl. Atacam. 46. (1860)
Distribution: Chile (Arica y Parinacota, Tarapacá, Antofagasta, Atacama, Coquimbo, Valparaíso)
85 CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago glabriuscula Phil.; Anales Univ. Chile 91: 268 (1895)
= Plantago litorea var. pseudopatagonica Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 62: 40 (1928)
= Plantago oligantha Phil.; Anales Univ. Chile 91: 270 (1895)
= Plantago philippiana Vatke; Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 16: 49 (1874)
species :
Plantago loeflingii L.; Sp. Pl.: 115 (1753)
Name: Löflings Wegerich (DE); Llanten menudo (ES)
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; Sardinia [I]; Italy [I]; Madeira (Porto Santo Isl.); Canary Isl. (Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro); Turkey (SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia); Iraq (NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia); Iran (NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, S-Iran, W-Iran); Cyprus (W-Cyprus); Lebanon (Antilebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, Jazira, NW-Syria); Pakistan
12 POR sar SPA 13 ita 21 CNY MDR 34 CYP IRN IRQ LEB SYR TUR 40 PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago carinata Moench; Methodus: 460 (1794)
= Plantago caspica Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 2: 348 (1841), nom. inval.
= Plantago loeflingii var. caspia Fisch. & C.A.Mey.; Index Seminum (LE, Petropolitanus) 3: 45 (1836)
= Plantago loeflingii var. pauciflora Loscos & J.Pardo; Ser. Inconf. Pl. Aragon.: 133 (1863)
= Plantago minuta C.A.Mey.; Verz. Pfl. Casp. Meer.: 115 (1831), nom. illeg.
= Plantago nana Bertol.; Misc. Bot. 1: 12 (1842), nom. illeg.
species :
Plantago longissima Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13: I. 720 (1852)
Distribution: South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, KwaZulu-Natal, E-Cape Prov.); Eswatini [Swaziland]
27 SAF SWZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago burchellii Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 720 (1852)
= Plantago longissima var. burkei Pilg.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 269: 82 (1937)
= Plantago longissima var. densiuscula Pilg.; Pflanzenr., IV, 269: 82 (1937)
species :
Plantago lundborgii Sparre; Lilloa 20: 267 (1949)
Distribution: Desventuradas Isl. (Isla San Ambrosio)
85 DSV
species :
Plantago macrocarpa Cham. & Schltdl.; Linnaea 1: 166 (1826)
Name: Seashore plantain
Distribution: Russian Far East (Kamchatka, Kuril Isl.); Alaska; Canada (British Columbia); USA (Oregon, Washington State)
31 RFE 70 ASK 71 CDN 73 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago longifolia Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13: I. 717 (1852)
species :
Plantago macrorhiza Poir.; Voy. Barbarie 2: 114 (1789)
subspecies :
subsp. macrorhiza
Distribution: S-Spain; Sicily; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia
12 SPA 13 SIC 20 ALG MOR TUN
Remarks: coronopus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago coronopifolia Brot.; Fl. Lusit. 1: 157 (1804), nom. illeg., non L.
= Plantago coronopus subsp. macrorhiza (Poir.) Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital.: 501 (1882)
= Plantago crithmoides Desf.; Fl. Atlant. 1: 140 (1798)
= Plantago macrorhiza var. hirsuta Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 28: 309 (1930)
= Plantago macrorhiza var. tangerina Pau; Mem. Real Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 12: 380 (1924)
= Plantago macrorhiza var. tenuispica Faure & Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 27: 255 (1936)
subspecies :
subsp. humilis (Guss.) Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 28: 309 (1930)
Distribution: Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Croatia
12 COR SAR 13 CRO ITA SIC
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago coronopus subsp. humilis (Guss.) Gamisans; Plantaginaceae: Compl. Prodr Fl. Corse: 18 (1988)
= Plantago macrorhiza var. humilis Guss.; Fl. Sicul. Prodr. 1: 192 (1827)
species :
Plantago maireana Hassemer; Phytotaxa 423(3): 124 (2019), nom. nov.
Distribution: Libya
20 LBY
Remarks: sect. Lancifolia
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago lanceolata subsp. cyrenaica Maire & Weiller; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 30: 300 (1939)
species :
Plantago major L.; Sp. Pl.: 112 (1753)
Name: Breit-Wegerich (DE); Greater Plantain, Common Plantain (EN)
Distribution: Iceland [I]; Faeroe Isl.; England; Ireland; Denmark; Norway; Sweden; Finland; Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; Andorra; Gibraltar; Baleares; France; Channel Isl.; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Malta; San Marino; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece; Crete; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; N-European Russia; W-European Russia; Ukraine; Crimea; Egypt (Desert Oases, Nile Delta, Nile Valley, NW-coastal Egypt); Azores (Santa Maria Isl., Sao Miguel Isl., Terceira, Graciosa, Sao Jorge, Pico, Faial, Flores Isl., Corvo Isl.); Madeira (Madeira Isl., Porto Santo Isl.); Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro, La Palma); Cape Verde Isl. (Santo Antao Isl., Sao Vicente Isl., Ilha de Sao Nicolau, Ilha de Sao Tiago, Fogo Isl., Ilha Brava); São Tomé [I]; Angola [I]; Zambia [I]; Zimbabwe [I]; Namibia [I]; South Africa [I] (widespread); Lesotho [I]; St. Helena [I]; Madagascar [I]; Mauritius [I]; La Réunion [I]; Rodrigues [I]; Seychelles [I]; Chagos Arch. [I] (Diego Garcia [I]); Siberia (Altai, Buryatia, Chita, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva, W-Siberia, Yakutia); Russian Far East (Amur, Kamchatka, Khabarovsk, Kuril Isl., Magadan, Primorye, Sakhalin); Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia); Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Badakshan, Ghazni, Herat, Kabul, Parwan, Takhar); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (NW-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel); Sinai peninsula (S-Sinai); Jordania (S-Jordania); Saudi Arabia (C-Saudi Arabia, N-Saudi Arabia, Asir); Oman (Mascat & Oman); Yemen (N-Inner Yemen, Tihama, W-Yemen); China (Anhui, Chongqing, Fujian, Gansu, Guangxi, Hainan, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Jiangsu, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Qinghai, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Yunnan); Tibet; Mongolia; Taiwan; Pakistan (widespread); Bhutan; India (almost throughout); Sri Lanka; Andaman Isl. [I]; Nicobar Isl. [I]; Myanmar (Bago, Kachin, Magway, Mandalay, Shan); Laos; Cambodia; Vietnam; peninsular Malaysia; Singapore [I]; Sulawesi; Philippines [I]; Java; Lesser Sunda Isl. [I] (Bali [I], etc.); Christmas Isl. [Austr.] [I]; New Guinea [I]; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); Lord Howe Isl. [I]; Norfolk Isl. [I]; New Zealand [I]; Chatham Isl. [I]; New Caledonia [I]; Vanuatu [I]; Tonga [I] (Tongatapu [I], ´Eua [I], Vava´u [I]); Niue [I]; Fiji [I]; American Samoa [I] (Tutuila [I]); [Western] Samoa [I] (´Upolu [I], Savai´i [I]); Cook Isl. [I] (Rarotonga [I], Mangaia [I]); Society Isl. [I] (Tahiti [I], Huahine [I]); Austral Isl. [I] (Tubuai [I]); Pitcairn Isl. [I]; Easter Isl. [I]; Marshall Isl. [I] (Kwajalein [I]); Hawaii [I] (Midway Isl. [I], Kauai [I], Oahu [I], Molokai [I], Lanai [I], Maui [I], Hawaii Isl. [I]); Alaska [I]; Greenland [I]; Canada [I] (Alberta [I], British Columbia [I], Labrador [I], Manitoba [I], New Brunswick [I], Newfoundland [I], Nova Scotia [I], Northern Territories [I], Ontario [I], Prince Edward Isl. [I], Québec [I], Saskatchewan [I], Yukon [I]); St. Pierre et Miquelon [I]; USA [I] (Alabama [I], Arkansas [I], Arizona [I], California [I], Colorado [I], Connecticut [I], District of Columbia [I], Delaware [I], Florida [I], Georgia [I], Iowa [I], Idaho [I], Illinois [I], Indiana [I], Kansas [I], Kentucky [I], Louisiana [I], Massachusetts [I], Maryland [I], Maine [I], Michigan [I], Minnesota [I], Missouri [I], Mississippi [I], Montana [I], North Carolina [I], North Dakota [I], Nebraska [I], New Hampshire [I], New Jersey [I], New Mexico [I], Nevada [I], New York [I], Ohio [I], Oklahoma [I], Oregon [I], Pennsylvania [I], Rhode Island [I], South Carolina [I], South Dakota [I], Tennessee [I], Texas [I], Utah [I], Virginia [I], Vermont [I], Washington State [I], Wisconsin [I], West Virginia [I], Wyoming [I]); Mexico [I] (widespread); Guatemala [I]; Belize [I]; Honduras [I]; Nicaragua [I]; Costa Rica [I]; Panama [I]; Bahamas [I]; Cuba [I]; Jamaica [I]; Hispaniola [I]; Puerto Rico [I]; Virgin Isl. [I] (St. Croix [I], St. John [I], Tortola [I]); Saba [I]; Antigua [I]; Montserrat [I]; Guadeloupe [I]; Dominica [I]; Martinique [I]; St. Lucia [I]; St. Vincent [I]; Grenada [I]; Barbados [I]; Trinidad & Tobago [I]; Colombia [I]; Isla Margarita [I]; Venezuela [I]; Guyana [I]; Surinam [I]; French Guiana [I]; Ecuador [I]; Galapagos [I]; Peru [I]; Bolivia [I]; Brazil [I]; Uruguay [I]; Argentina [I]; Chile [I] (Arica y Parinacota [I], Antofagasta [I], Coquimbo [I], Valparaíso [I], Metropolitana de Santiago [I], O´Higgins [I], Maule [I], Ñuble [I], Biobío [I], Araucanía [I], Los Rios [I], Los Lagos [I], Aisén [I], Magallanes [I]); Juan Fdz. Isl. [I]; Gough Isl. [I]; Tristan da Cunha [I]; South Georgia Isl. [I]
10 DEN FIN FOR GRB ice IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 ADO BAL CIS COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MLT MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SMA SRB TUE 14 BLR EST KRY LAT LIT RUS UKR 20 EGY 21 AZO CNY CVI MDR 23 sao 26 ang zam zim 27 les nam saf 28 sth 29 cgs mau mdg reu rod sey 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SIN SYR TUR 35 OMA SAU YEM 36 CHI TIB 37 MON 38 TAI 40 BHU IND PAK SRL 41 and CBD LAO MYA ncb VIE 42 JAW lsi MLY nwg phi sng SUL xms 50 aus lhi nfk 51 ctm nzl 60 asa fij nue nwc sam ton van 61 aui coo eas pit sci 62 mrs 63 haw 70 ask cdn gnl 71 cdn 72 cdn spm 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa 79 mex 80 blz cos gua hon nic pan 81 aba bah bbd cub dom gdl gre his jam mar mts pue sab stl stv trt ven vir 82 clm frg guy sur ven 83 bol ecu gal per 84 bra 85 arg cle jnf uru 91 sge tdc
Remarks: major agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago adriatica Campana; Cat. Hort. Ferrar.: 22 (1812)
= Plantago altissima Loisel.; Fl. Gall.: 88 (1806), nom. illeg.
= Plantago angustata Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 559 (1866)
= Plantago borysthenica (Rogow.) Wissjul.; Fl. RSS Ucr. 10: 87 (1961)
= Plantago bracteata Moench; Methodus 459 (1794)
= Plantago compressiscapa Opiz; Bercht. & Opiz, Oekon.-Techn. Fl. Böhm. 2(1): 39 (1839)
= Plantago crenata Blanco; Fl. Filip. ed. I. 56 (1837)
= Plantago dentata Mazziari; Ionios Antologia 4: 946 (1835), nom. illeg.
= Plantago dilatata Opiz; Bercht. & Opiz, Oekon.-Techn. Fl. Böhm. 2(1): 39 (1839)
= Plantago dostalii Domin; Vestn. Král. Ceské Spolecn. Nauk. Tr. Mat.-Prír. 17: 23 (1932 publ. 1933)
= Plantago dregeana C.Presl; Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss., Ser. 5, 3:105 (1845)
= Plantago exaltata Hornem.; Hort. Bot. Hafn. 1: 140 (1813)
= Plantago fonticola Kom.; Fl. Kamtschatka 3: 98 (1930)
= Plantago gigas H.Lév.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Nov. 2: 114 (1906)
= Plantago gouanii J.F.Gmel.; Syst. Nat. ed. 13[bis].: 251 (1791)
= Plantago gracilis Schult. & Schult.f.; Mant. 3: 70 (1827), nom. inval.
= Plantago humifusa Bernh. ex Rchb.; Fl. Germ. Excurs. 863 (1831)
= Plantago jehohlensis Koidz.; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 10(2): 142 (1941), nom. nov.
= Plantago laciniosa Domin; Vestn. Král. Ceské Spolecn. Nauk. Tr. Mat.-Prír. 17: 38 (1932 publ. 1933)
= Plantago latifolia L.; Fl. Jam.: 13 (1759)
= Plantago limosa Kit. ex Roem. & Schult.; Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis]. 3: 111 (1818)
= Plantago limosa Kit. ex Sloboda; Rostlinnictví: 290 (1852)
= Plantago longiscapa Jacquem. ex Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 696 (1852), nom. inval.
= Plantago loureiroi Roem. & Schult.; Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis]. 3: 112 (1818)
= Plantago major f. bifida Bolzon; Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital., n.s. 20: 332 (1913)
= Plantago major f. bracteata (Moench) Hayek; Hayek & Hegi, 182 (1914)
= Plantago major f. brevipedicellata (Pilg.) Pilg.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 269: 48 (1937)
= Plantago major f. crispa (Bubela ex Formánek) Domin; Monogr. Skup. Plantago: 19 (1933)
= Plantago major f. dilatata (Opiz) Domin; Monogr. Skup. Plantago: 18 (1933)
= Plantago major f. dostalii (Domin) Tacik; Pawl., 242 (1967)
= Plantago major f. dura (Pilg.) Domin; Monogr. Skup. Plantago: 13 (1933)
= Plantago major f. erecta Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 18: 267 (1922)
= Plantago major f. lancifolia Lepage; Naturaliste Canad. 81: 62 (1954)
= Plantago major f. latissima Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 18: 275 (1922)
= Plantago major f. maxima (Schltdl.) Domin; Monogr. Skup. Plantago: 10 (1933)
= Plantago major f. megasperma (Domin) Tacik; Pawl., 242 (1967)
= Plantago major f. megastachya Domin; Monogr. Skup. Plantago: 10 (1933)
= Plantago major f. minima (DC.) Domin; Monogr. Skup. Plantago: 13 (1933), nom. illeg.
= Plantago major f. minima (DC.) Vollm.; 685 (1914)
= Plantago major f. minor Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 18: 275 (1922), nom. illeg.
= Plantago major f. nervata A.T.Szabó; Ind. Sem. Not. Bot. Cluj, 1970: 67 (1971)
= Plantago major f. ovata Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 18: 268 (1922)
= Plantago major f. pleiosperma Domin; Monogr. Skup. Plantago: 10 (1933)
= Plantago major f. pygmaea Stefánsson; 175 (1901), nom. illeg.
= Plantago major f. rocae (Lorentz) Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 18: 272 (1922)
= Plantago major f. rotundata Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 18: 271 (1922)
= Plantago major f. scopulorum (Fr. & Broberg) Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 18: 268 (1922)
= Plantago major f. sinuata (Lam.) Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 18: 271 (1922)
= Plantago major f. vulgaris Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 18: 262 (1922)
= Plantago major subsp. dostalii (Domin) Dostál; Kvetena CSR: 1365 (1949)
= Plantago major subsp. pachystachya (Ces.) Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital.: 501 (1882)
= Plantago major subsp. rigidifolia Ces. ex Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital.: 501 (1882)
= Plantago major subsp. sinuata (Lam.) Peruzzi & N.G.Passal.; Webbia 58(2): 449 (2003)
= Plantago major subf. brevipedicellata Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 18: 272 (1922)
= Plantago major subf. dura Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 18: 269 (1922)
= Plantago major subf. subintegra Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 18: 269 (1922)
= Plantago major subvar. brachyphylla Pilg.; Notizbl. Königl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 8: 274 (1922)
= Plantago major subvar. brevibracteata Pilg.; Notizbl. Königl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 8: 115 (1922)
= Plantago major subvar. contracta Merino; Brotéria, Sér. Bot. 14: 165 (1916)
= Plantago major subvar. erecta (Pilg.) Pilg.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 269: 43 (1937)
= Plantago major subvar. incisa Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 18: 274 (1922)
= Plantago major subvar. ovata (Pilg.) Pilg.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 269: 44 (1937)
= Plantago major subvar. pilosula Merino; Brotéria, Sér. Bot. 14: 166 (1916)
= Plantago major var. agrestis Fr.; Novit. Fl. Suec. Alt.: 25 (1828)
= Plantago major var. altissima Fr. & Broberg; Fl. Hall.: 35 (1817)
= Plantago major var. angustata Domin; Monogr. Skup. Plantago: 16 (1933)
= Plantago major var. angustifolia Guss.; Fl. Sicul. Syn. 1: 197 (1842)
= Plantago major var. angustissima Wahlenb.; Fl. Suecica 1: 94 (1824)
= Plantago major var. brasiliensis Fisch. & C.A.Mey.; Index Seminum (LE, Petropolitanus) 1: 36 (1835)
= Plantago major var. compressiscapa (Opiz) Domin; Monogr. Skup. Plantago: 17 (1933)
= Plantago major var. crispa Bubela ex Formánek; Kvetna Mor. Rakousk. Slezska 1(2): 645 (1892)
= Plantago major var. dentata Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 292 (1821 publ. 1822)
= Plantago major var. desertica Pamp.; Agric. Colon. 22: 365 (1928)
= Plantago major var. dilatata (Opiz) Domin; Monogr. Skup. Plantago: 18 (1933)
= Plantago major var. dostalii (Domin) Tacik; Pawl., 241 (1967)
= Plantago major var. dumanii Lepage; Naturaliste Canad. 81: 61 (1954)
= Plantago major var. elatior Tourlet; 419 (1908)
= Plantago major var. fastigiata Wimm. & Grab.; Fl. Siles. 1: 128 (1827)
= Plantago major var. flavovirens Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 18: 275 (1922)
= Plantago major var. gigas (H.Lév.) H.Lév.
= Plantago major var. glaberrima Lej.; Lej. & Court., Comp. Fl. Belg. 3: 348 (1836)
= Plantago major var. glabra Lej.; Rev. Fl. Spa: 225 (1825)
= Plantago major var. japonica (Franch. & Sav.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 532 (1891)
= Plantago major var. jehohlensis (Koidz.) S.X.Li; Clavis Pl. Chinae Bor.-Or. ed. 2 (ed. P. Y. Fu): 615 (1995)
= Plantago major var. kimurae Yamam.
= Plantago major var. lanceolata Regel; Index Seminum (LE, Petropolitanus) 1864(Suppl.): 16 (1865)
= Plantago major var. latifolia Roth; 61 (1788), nom. inval.
= Plantago major var. luxuriosa Lunell; Midl. Naturalist (Notre Dame) 1: 236 (1910)
= Plantago major var. macropoda Pamp.; Bull. Soc. Bot. Ital. 1914: 18 (1914)
= Plantago major var. maxima Schltdl.; Fl. Berol. 1: 108 (1823)
= Plantago major var. megastachya Wallr.; Sched. Crit.: 62 (1822), nom. inval.
= Plantago major var. microstachya Wimm. & Grab.; 228 (1827), nom. illeg.
= Plantago major var. minima (DC.) Boenn.; Prodr. Fl. Monast. Westphal.: 44 (1824), nom. illeg.
= Plantago major var. minima Schltdl.; Fl. Berol. 1: 108 (1823)
= Plantago major var. minor Roth; Enum. Pl. Phaen. Germ. 1(1): 441 (1827), nom. superfl.
= Plantago major var. monstrosus Salter ex J.Dix; Proc. Roy. Hort. Soc. London 1: 261 (1860)
= Plantago major var. nana (Tratt.) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 10: 135 (1908)
= Plantago major var. pachyphylla Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 18: 277 (1922)
= Plantago major var. pachystachya Ces.; Comp. Fl. Ital. 2: 285 (1874)
= Plantago major var. paniculata Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 292 (1821 publ. 1822)
= Plantago major var. phyllostachya Wallr.; Sched. Crit.: 62 (1822)
= Plantago major var. pilgeri Domin; Monogr. Skup. Plantago: 15 (1933)
= Plantago major var. pilosiuscula Ram.Goyena; Fl. Nicarag. 2: 571 (1911)
= Plantago major var. polystachya Hayne; Getreue Darstell. Gew. 5: 13 (1817)
= Plantago major var. polystachya Mert. & W.D.J.Koch; Röhling, Deutschl. Fl., ed. 3, 1: 802 (1823), nom. illeg.
= Plantago major var. procera Sond. ex M.Loehr; 559 (1852)
= Plantago major var. pubescens Lange; Haandb. Danske Fl., ed. 2: 107 (1859)
= Plantago major var. pygmaea Bogenh.; 320 (1850)
= Plantago major var. racemosa Lej.; Rev. Fl. Spa: 225 (1825)
= Plantago major var. ramosa [Enum.Pl.Phaen.Germ.1: 441 (1827)]
= Plantago major var. rhodostachya Mert. & W.D.J.Koch; Röhling, Deutschl. Fl., ed. 3, 1: 801 (1823)
= Plantago major var. rigidifolia Ces.; Comp. Fl. Ital. 2: 285 (1874)
= Plantago major var. rosea Boenn.; Prodr. Fl. Monast. Westphal.: 44 (1824)
= Plantago major var. rubra Pénzes; 113 (1943), nom. inval.
= Plantago major var. runcinata Walp.; Nov. Actorum Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. Nat. Cur. 19(Suppl. 1): 401 (1843)
= Plantago major var. sawadae Yamam.; Trans. Nat. Hist. Soc. Formosa 20: 41 (1930)
= Plantago major var. scopulorum Fr. & Broberg; Fl. Hall.: 34 (1817)
= Plantago major var. sinuata (Lam.) Hayne; Getreue Darstell. Gew. 5: 13 (1817)
= Plantago major var. tropica Griseb.; Fl. Brit. W. I.: 389 (1861)
= Plantago major var. uliginosa Tourlet; 419 (1908), nom. illeg.
= Plantago major var. uliginosa Wimm. & Grab.; Fl. Siles. 1: 128 (1827)
= Plantago major var. ungavensis Lepage; Naturaliste Canad. 78: 347 (1951)
= Plantago major var. vivipara Murr; 66 (1894)
= Plantago maxima Ruch.; Fl. Lidi Veneti: 45 (1818), nom. illeg.
= Plantago media var. procera Sond. ex W.D.J.Koch; 686 (1844), nom. inval.
= Plantago minima DC.; Lam. & DC., Fl. Franc. ed. 3, 3: 408 (1805)
= Plantago minor Gilib.; Fl. Lit. Inch. 1: 15 (1782), opus utique oppr.
= Plantago nana Tratt.; Arch. Gewächsk. Leopold Trattinick 1: t. 42 (1812)
= Plantago officinarum Crantz; Inst. Rei Herb. 2: 329 (1766)
= Plantago pauciflora Gilib.; Fl. Lit. Inch. 1: 16 (1782), opus utique oppr.
= Plantago polystachia Mazziari; Ionios Antologia 4: 946 (1835), nom. illeg.
= Plantago quinquenervis Noronha; Verh. Batav. Genootsch. Kunsten 5(4): 25 (1790), nom. nud.
= Plantago rocae Lorentz; Roca, Exped. Rio-Negro 2: 250 (1881)
= Plantago rosea Rchb.; Fl. Germ. Excurs. 1: 394 (1831)
= Plantago sawadae (Yamam.) Yamam.; Icon. Pl. Formosan., Suppl. 5: 29 (1932)
= Plantago sinuata Lam.; Tabl. Encycl. 1: 338 (1792)
= Plantago sorokini Bunge; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada, prepr. 6: 393 (1879)
= Plantago stylosa Besser ex Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 699 (1852), nom. inval.
= Plantago subsinuata Hornem.; Hort. Hafn. 1: 139 (1813)
= Plantago tabernaemontani Baumg.; Enum. Stirp. Transs. 1: 89 (1816)
= Plantago villifera Kitag.; Rep. 1st Sci. Exped. Manchoukuo, Sect. IV. II. (Contrib. Cogn. Fl. Mansh.: Pl. Nov. Jehol. II. ii.) 30 (1933 publ. 1935), not Franch. (1879)
= Plantago vulgaris (Hayne) Pavlova; Zhurn. Russk. Bot. Obshch. Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R. 8: 95, 109 (1923 publ. 1924)
species :
Plantago malato-belizii Lawalrée; Bol. Soc. Brot., Ser. 2, 33: 183 (1959)
Distribution: Madeira (Madeira Isl.)
21 MDR
species :
Plantago maris-mortui Eig; Zohary, Palest. J. Bot. Jerusalem ser. 1: 231 (1938)
Distribution: Israel (Rift Valley); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania)
34 ISR JOR
Remarks: squarrosa agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago maris-mortii Eig; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 63: 1. 47 (1931), nomen
= Psyllium maris-mortui (Eig) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. Bohem. 8: 173 (1973)
species :
Plantago maritima L.; Sp. Pl.: 114 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. maritima
Name: Strand-Wegerich (DE); Goose tongue (EN); plantain maritime (F)
Distribution: Iceland; Faeroe Isl.; England; Ireland; Denmark; Norway; Sweden; Finland; Netherlands; Belgium; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin [I], Bayern [I], Hessen, Hessen [I], Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen [I], Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland [I], Sachsen [I], Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Austria; Poland; Hungary; Portugal; N-Spain; France; Channel Isl.; Corsica; Italy; Romania; Estonia; Latvia; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; N-European Russia; NW-European Russia; Ukraine; Crimea; Morocco; Algeria; Turkmenistan; Kyrgyzstan; Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Baghlan, Herat, Kabul, Wardak); Cyprus (E-Cyprus); Syria (C-Syrian Desert); Alaska; Greenland; Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Labrador, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Northern Territories, Nunavut, Ontario, Prince Edward Isl., Québec, Saskatchewan, Yukon); St. Pierre et Miquelon; USA (California, Connecticut, Massachusetts, Maine, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Oregon, Rhode Island, Virginia, Washington State); Argentina (Chubut, Mendoza, Neuquen, Rio Negro, Santa Cruz, Tierra del Fuego); Chile (Magallanes); Falkland Isl.
10 DEN FIN FOR GRB ICE IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM GER HUN NET POL SWI 12 CIS COR FRA POR SPA 13 ITA ROM 14 EST KRY LAT RUS UKR 20 ALG MOR 32 KGZ TKM 33 ARM NCS 34 AFG CYP IRN SYR 70 ASK CDN GNL 71 CDN 72 CDN SPM 73 USA 75 USA 76 USA 78 USA 85 ARG CLE 91 FAL
Remarks: Subgen. Coronopus, maritima agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Arnoglossum gramineum Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 293 (1821 publ. 1822)
= Arnoglossum maritimum (L.) Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 293 (1821 publ. 1822)
= Planatgo serpentina Retz.; Kongl. Vetensk. Acad. Handl. 30: 246 (1769)
= Plantaginella graminea (Lam.) Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, N. S. 17: 140 (1869)
= Plantaginella maritima (L.) Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, N. S. 17: 140 (1869)
= Plantago angustifolia Bubani; Fl. Pyren. 1: 209 (1897), nom. illeg.
= Plantago aspera Gaudin; Fl. Helv. 1: 403 (1828)
= Plantago atlantica Batt.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 36: 224 (1889 publ. 1890)
= Plantago ×beauverdii Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 34: 164 (1933)
= Plantago bicarinata G.Mey.; Prim. Fl. Esseq.: 88 (1818)
= Plantago borealis f. pygmaea Lange; Meddel. Grønland 3: 259 (1887)
= Plantago borealis Lange; Oeder et al., Fl. Dan. 16: t. 2707 (1867)
= Plantago canaliculata Pourr. ex Decne.; Prodr. 13(1): 728 (1852), pro syn.
= Plantago chottica Pomel; Bull. Soc. Sci. Phys. Algerie 11: 124 (1874)
= Plantago coronopus var. integralis DC.; Lam. & A. DC., Fl. Franç., éd. 3 6: 378 (1815)
= Plantago decipiens Barnéoud; Monogr. Plantag.: 16 (1845)
= Plantago decipiens Beauverd; Bull. Soc. Bot. Genève, sér. 2, 11: 138 (1919 publ. 1920), nom. illeg.
= Plantago dentata Roth; Tent. Fl. Germ. 1: 61 (1788)
= Plantago denticulata Gaudin; Fl. Helv. 1: 403 (1828)
= Plantago edmondstonii Druce; Rep. Bot. Soc. Exch. Club Brit. Isles 6: 41 (1920 publ. 1921)
= Plantago gibbosa Raf.; Amer. Monthly Mag. & Crit. Rev. 2: 344 (1818)
= Plantago graminea Lam.; Tabl. Encycl. 1: 343 (1792)
= Plantago graminiformis Lam.; Fl. Fr. 2: 311 (1779)
= Plantago halleri Rapin ex Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 729 (1852), nom. inval.
= Plantago halleri Schleich.; Cat. Pl. Helv., ed. 4: 26 (1821)
= Plantago halophila E.P.Bicknell; Britton, Man. Fl. N. States: 1051 (1901)
= Plantago hirsuta Gilib.; Fl. Lit. Inch. 1: 17 (1782), opus utique oppr.
= Plantago hudsoniana Druce; Rep. Bot. Exch. Club Soc. Brit. Isles 3: 170 (1912 publ. 1913)
= Plantago integralis Gaudin; Fl. Helv. 1: 403 (1828)
= Plantago juncoides f. pygmaea (Lange) J.Rousseau; Naturaliste Canad. 69: 234 (1943)
= Plantago juncoides f. vivipara Vict. & J.Rousseau; Contr. Inst. Bot. Univ. Montréal 36: 51 (1940)
= Plantago juncoides Lam.; Tabl. Encycl. 1: 342 (1792)
= Plantago juncoides subsp. scabrior Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 62: 87 (1928)
= Plantago juncoides var. californica Fernald; Rhodora 27: 100, pl. 150, fig. 2 (1925)
= Plantago juncoides var. decipiens (Barnéoud) Fernald; Rhodora 27: 100 (1925)
= Plantago juncoides var. glauca (Hornem.) Fernald; Rhodora 27: 101 (1925)
= Plantago juncoides var. laurentiana Fernald; Rhodora 27: 102, pl. 150, fig. 5 (1925)
= Plantago marina Woodw.; W. Withering, Bot. Arr. Brit. Pl. ed. 2. 1: 147 (1787)
= Plantago maritima f. dentata (Roth) Wender.; 355 (1846)
= Plantago maritima f. integerrima Wender.; 355 (1846), nom. inval.
= Plantago maritima f. laurentiana (Fernald) Pilg.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 269: 187 (1937)
= Plantago maritima f. leptophylla (Mert. & W.D.J.Koch) Casper; Hartl & Wagenitz, 585 (1974)
= Plantago maritima f. pygmaea Stefánsson; 174 (1901)
= Plantago maritima f. subulata (Leyss.) C.W.Christ.; J. A. Christ. & al., 208 (1922)
= Plantago maritima f. vivipara (Vict. & J.Rousseau) B.Boivin; Naturaliste Canad. 93: 1062 (1967)
= Plantago maritima subsp. borealis (Lange) A.Blytt; Haandb. Norges Fl. 7: 651 (1905)
= Plantago maritima subsp. juncoides (Lam.) Hultén; Acta Univ. Lund 2 45(1): 1431 (1949)
= Plantago maritima subsp. neumannii (Opiz) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 16: 172 (1979)
= Plantago maritima subsp. serpentina Retz.; Fl. Scand. Prod.: 27 (1779)
= Plantago maritima subvar. bracteata (Blytt) Druce; Rep. Bot. Exch. Club Brit. Isles 5: 40 (1917)
= Plantago maritima var. bracteata A.Blytt; Norges Fl. 2: 529 (1874)
= Plantago maritima var. californica (Fernald) Pilg.; Pflanzenr. (Engl.) [Heft 102] 4, Fam. 269: 187 (1937)
= Plantago maritima var. chottica (Pomel) Batt.; Batt. & Trab., Fl. Algérie, Dicot.: 743 (1890)
= Plantago maritima var. dentata (Roth) Mert. & W.D.J.Koch; Röhling, Deutschl. Fl., ed. 3, 1: 808 (1823)
= Plantago maritima var. dentata (Roth) Wahlenb.; Kongl. Vetensk. Acad. Nya Handl. 1805: 118 (1805)
= Plantago maritima var. elatior Alpers; 366 (1875)
= Plantago maritima var. gentilis Fr.; Fl. Hallandica: 35 (1817)
= Plantago maritima var. glauca Hornem.; Fors. Oecon. Plantel., ed. 3, 1: 167 (1821)
= Plantago maritima var. graminea (Lam.) Dumort.; Fl. Belg.: 28 (1827)
= Plantago maritima var. integralis (DC.) Pilg.
= Plantago maritima var. juncoides (Lam.) A.Gray; Manual (Gray), ed. 5. 311 (1867)
= Plantago maritima var. latifolia Syme; 172 (1867), nom. illeg.
= Plantago maritima var. latifolia Wender.; 355 (1846)
= Plantago maritima var. leptophylla Mert. & W.D.J.Koch; Röhling, Deutschl. Fl., ed. 3, 1: 808 (1823)
= Plantago maritima var. linearis Syme; 172 (1867)
= Plantago maritima var. macrophylla Speg.; Revista Fac. Agron. Univ. Nac. La Plata 3: 564 (1897)
= Plantago maritima var. pauciflora Speg.; Revista Fac. Agron. Univ. Nac. La Plata 3: 564 (1897)
= Plantago maritima var. punctata Neuman; Bot. Notiser 1905: 256 (1905)
= Plantago maritima var. scabrior (Pilg.) Pilg.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 269: 185 (1937)
= Plantago maritima var. serpentina (Retz.) Wahlenb.; Fl. Suecica 1: 95 (1824)
= Plantago maritima var. serpentina Wahlenb.; Fl. Suecica 1: 95 (1824)
= Plantago maritima var. squamata (O.F.Müll.) Hornem.; 30 (1827)
= Plantago maritima var. subulata Klett & Richt.; Fl. Leipzig: 151 (1830)
= Plantago maritima var. tenuissima Wahlenb.; Fl. Suecica 1: 95 (1824)
= Plantago maritima var. vivipara Lindstr.; Bot. Notiser 1888: 195 (1888)
= Plantago maritima var. wulfenii (Bernh.) Asch.; 546 (1864)
= Plantago montana Huds.; Fl. Angl.: 53 (1762)
= Plantago neumannii Opiz; Bercht. & Opiz, Oekon.-Techn. Fl. Böhm. 2(1): 48 (1838)
= Plantago numidica Poir. ex Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 729 (1852)
= Plantago oliganthos Roem. & Schult.; Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis]. 3: 122 (1818)
= Plantago oliganthos var. fallax Fernald; Rhodora 27: 103, pl. 150, fig. 7 (1925)
= Plantago pauciflora Pursh; Fl. Amer. Sept. 1: 99 (1813), nom. illeg.
= Plantago pubescens Lapeyr.; Hist. Pl. Pyrénées: 71 (1813)
= Plantago recurvata Willd. ex Spreng.; Syst. Veg. ed. 16. 1: 437 (1824), nom. illeg.
= Plantago samojedorum Gand.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 66: 222 (1919)
= Plantago schrenkii K.Koch; Linnaea 21: 710 (1848)
= Plantago scorzoneriifolia Lam.; Tabl. Encycl. 1: 342 (1792)
= Plantago setacea Edmondston; Fl. Shetland: 17 (1845), nom. prov.
= Plantago setacea var. lanosa Edmondston; Fl. Shetland: 17 (1845)
= Plantago squamata O.F.Müll.; Oeder et al., Fl. Dan. 4: t. 691 (1777)
= Plantago teretifolia Sieber ex Rapin; Mem. Soc. Linn. Par. 6: 473 (1827)
= Plantago wulfenii Bernh. ex Willd.; Enum. Hort. Berol. 1: 161 (1809), nom. illeg.
subspecies :
subsp. subpolaris (Andrejev) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 16: 173 (1979)
Distribution: N-European Russia
14 RUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago subpolaris N.Andreev; J. Soc. Bot. Russ. 15: 298 (1930)
species :
Plantago mauritanica Boiss. & Reut.; Pugill. Pl. Afr. Bor. Hispan.: 105 (1852)
Distribution: Morocco; Algeria
20 ALG MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago mauritanica var. maroccana Batt.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 54: 549 (1907)
= Psyllium mauritanicum (Boiss. & Reut.) Soják; Cas. Nár. Mus., Odd. Prir. 140: 131 (1972)
species :
Plantago maxima Juss. ex Jacq.; Coll. 1: 82 (1787)
Name: Riesen-Wegerich (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Hungary; Romania; Estonia [I]; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; Ukraine; Siberia (Altai, Krasnoyarsk, W-Siberia); Kazakhstan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus; China (N-Xinjiang); ?Mongolia
11 ger HUN 13 ROM 14 est RUS UKR 30 SIB 32 KAZ KGZ TZK UZB 33 NCS 36 CHI
Remarks: media agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago cucullata Lam.; Tabl. Encycl. 1: 339 (1792)
= Plantago procera Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 46 (1796)
species :
Plantago media L.; Sp. Pl.: 113 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. media
Name: Mittel-Wegerich (DE); Hoary plantain (EN); plantain moyen (F)
Distribution: England; Denmark; Norway; Finland; Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein [I], Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; Andorra; France; Channel Isl. [I]; Sardinia; Italy; San Marino; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Serbia; Kosovo; Romania; Bulgaria; Greece; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; C-European Russia; C-European Russia; N-European Russia; W-European Russia; Ukraine; Crimea; Siberia (Altai, Buryatia, Chita, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva, W-Siberia, Yakutia); Russian Far East (Amur, Khabarovsk, Kuril Isl., Magadan [I], Primorye, Sakhalin); Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Turkey (E-Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia); Iraq; Iran (Iranian Aserbaijan); New Caledonia [I]; Canada [I] (British Columbia [I], Manitoba [I], New Brunswick [I], Ontario [I], Québec [I]); USA [I] (Connecticut [I], Illinois [I], Massachusetts [I], Maine [I], Michigan [I], New Hampshire [I], New Jersey [I], New York [I], Pennsylvania [I], Rhode Island [I], Wisconsin [I]); South Georgia Isl. [I]
10 DEN FIN GRB NOR 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 ADO cis FRA POR SAR SPA 13 BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS ROM SLV SMA SRB 14 BLR EST KRY LAT LIT RUS UKR 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ KGZ 34 IRN IRQ TUR 60 nwc 71 cdn 72 cdn 74 usa 75 usa 91 sge
Remarks: media agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Arnoglossum incanum Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 292 (1821 publ. 1822), nom. superfl.
= Arnoglossum incanum var. ramosum Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 293 (1821 publ. 1822)
= Arnoglossum incanum var. variegatum Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 293 (1821 publ. 1822)
= Plantago badali Pau; Bol. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 1: 156 (1901)
= Plantago bertolanii Godr.; Gren. & Godr., Fl. France Corse 2: 721 (1853)
= Plantago brutia Ten.; Fl. Napol. 1: 59 (1811)
= Plantago calabrica Gaudin ex Rapin; Mém. Soc. Linn. Paris 6: 452 (1827)
= Plantago concinna Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 46 (1796), nom. superfl.
= Plantago incana Stokes; Bot. Mat. Med. 1: 212 (1812), nom. illeg.
= Plantago latifolia Fisch.; Zus. Naturg. Livl.: 107 (1784), nom. illeg.
= Plantago media f. campestris (Schur) Pilg.; 108 (1923)
= Plantago media f. crassifolia Pilg.; 108 (1923)
= Plantago media f. major Sigunov; Glasn. Prir. Mus. Beogradu, Ser. B, Biol. Nauke 34: 87 (1979)
= Plantago media f. megalophyta Marcet; 237 (1947)
= Plantago media f. minor (Roth) Pilg.; 107 (1923)
= Plantago media f. ovata Snarskis; Lietuvos TSR Fl. 5: 581 (1976)
= Plantago media proles brutia (Ten.) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 10: 135 (1908)
= Plantago media subsp. brutia (Ten.) Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital.: 501 (1882)
= Plantago media subsp. longifolia G.F.W.Mey.; Chloris Han.: 347 (1836)
= Plantago media subsp. nevadensis (Willk.) Malag.; Sin. Fl. Iber.: 1047 (1976)
= Plantago media var. alpina Schur; 562 (1866)
= Plantago media var. badalii (Pau) Losa; Anales Inst. Bot. Cavanilles 20: 29 (1963)
= Plantago media var. brachystachya St.-Lag.; Cariot, Étude Fl., éd. 8 2: 135 (1889)
= Plantago media var. brutia (Ten.) Bolzon; Bull. Soc. Bot. Ital. 1906: 36 (1906)
= Plantago media var. campestris Schur; 562 (1866)
= Plantago media var. dentata Rosén & Wahlenb.; Nova Acta Regiae Soc. Sci. Upsal. 8: 234 (1821)
= Plantago media var. grandidens Murr; 293 (1924)
= Plantago media var. latifolia Walther; 179 (1802)
= Plantago media var. major Hayne; t. 14 (1813)
= Plantago media var. maxima Roth; Enum. Pl. Phaen. Germ. 1(1): 443 (1827)
= Plantago media var. minor Roth; 61 (1788), nom. inval., et 171 (1789)
= Plantago media var. minor Walther; 179 (1802)
= Plantago media var. monnieri (Giraudias) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 10: 133 (1908)
= Plantago media var. nevadensis Willk.; Willk. & Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 2: 360 (1868)
= Plantago media var. petiolata Kabath; 58 (1846)
= Plantago media var. sublanceolata Murr; 52 (1902)
= Plantago monnieri Giraudias; Lucante, Rev. de Bot. 4: (1885 publ. 1886) 287, in Bull. Soc. etud. sci. Angers (1890) 114. nomen
= Plantago oblongifolia Schur; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 10: 249 (1860) (non Decne. in A. DC., Prodr. 13(I): 700 (1852))
= Plantago plicata Schott, Nyman & Kotschy; Analect. Bot. 4 (1854)
= Plantago sibirica Georgi; Beschr. Nation. Russ. Reich 3(4): 736 (1800)
= Plantago transsilvanica Schur; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 10: 249 (1860)
subspecies :
subsp. pindica (Hausskn.) Greuter & Burdet; Willdenowia 12: 199 (1982)
Distribution: Croatia; ?Montenegro; Macedonia; Albania; Greece
13 ALB CRO GRC NMA
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago media var. pindica Hausskn.; Mitt. Thüring. Bot. Vereins 11: 56 (1897)
species :
Plantago minuta Pall.; Reise 3: 716 (1776)
Distribution: Siberia (Tuva); W-Kazakhstan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Transcaucasus; China (Gansu, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shanxi, Xinjiang); Tibet; Mongolia
30 SIB 32 KAZ KGZ TZK UZB 33 ARM NCS 36 CHI TIB 37 MON
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago albicans Pall.; Reise Russ. Reich. 2: 329 (1773), nom. illeg.
= Plantago latibracteata Trautv.; Pl. Imag. Descr. Fl. Russ.: 20 (1844)
= Plantago lessingii Fisch. & C.A.Mey.; Index Seminum (LE, Petropolitanus) 2: 47 (1836)
= Plantago minuta subsp. lessingii (Fisch. & C.A.Mey.) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 16: 174(1979)
= Plantago mongolica Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 707 (1852)
species :
Plantago mohnikei Miq.; Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 3: 119 (1867)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
Remarks: asiatica agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago hakusanensis Koidz.; Fl. Symb. Orient.-Asiat.: 19 (1930)
= Plantago hakusanensis f. glabra T.Yamaz.; J. Jap. Bot. 67(2): 117 (1992)
= Plantago hakusanensis f. viridescens (Takeda) H.Hara; Enum. Spermatophytarum Japon. 1: 299 (1948)
species :
Plantago monosperma Pourr.; Hist. & Mém. Acad. Roy. Sci. Toulouse 3: 325 (1788)
subspecies :
subsp. monosperma
Distribution: NE-Spain; Andorra; SW-France (Pyrenees)
12 ADO FRA SPA
Remarks: atrata agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago argentea Lam.; Tabl. Encycl. 1: 340 (1792), nom. illeg.
= Plantago lamarkii Jord.; Observ. Pl. Nouv. 3: 228 (1846)
= Plantago nivalis Jord.; Observ. Pl. Nouv. 3: 232 (1846), nom. illeg.
= Plantago sericea Benth.; Cat. Pl. Pyrénées: 112 (1826), nom. illeg.
subspecies :
subsp. discolor (Gand.) Lainz; Bol. Inst. Estud. Asturianos, Supl. Ci. 1: 31 (1960)
Distribution: NC- & C-Spain
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago atrata subsp. discolor (Gand.) M.Laínz; Bol. Soc. Brot. ser. 2, 53: 43 (1979)
= Plantago discolor Gand.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 45: 599 (1899)
= Plantago discolor var. gandogeri Uribe-Ech.; Estud. Mus. Cienc. Nat. Alava 6: 55 (1991 publ. 1992)
= Plantago monosperma f. glabrescens Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 23: 269 (1926)
= Plantago monosperma var. discolor (Gand.) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 10: 128 (1908)
species :
Plantago montisdicksonii P.Royen; Alp. Fl. New Guinea 4: 2927 (1983)
Distribution: New Guinea (Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
species :
Plantago moorei Rahn; Nordic J. Bot. 4(5): 624 (1984)
Distribution: Falkland Isl.
91 FAL
Remarks: Sect. Oliganthos
species :
Plantago muelleri Pilg.; Engl. Pflanzenreich, Plantaginac. 118 (1937)
Distribution: Australia (New South Wales, Victoria); New Zealand
50 AUS 51 NZL
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago stellaris F.Muell.; Fragm. 2: 23 (1860), nom. illeg.
species :
Plantago multiscapa B.G.Briggs; Telopea 2(1): 77 (1980)
Distribution: Australia (Northern Territory, South Australia)
50 AUS
species :
Plantago myosuros Lam.; Tabl. Encycl. 1: 342 (1792)
Distribution: Madeira [I] (Madeira Isl. [I]); South Africa [I]; Australia [I] (Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I]); Ecuador; Peru; Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz, Oruro, Potosí, Tarija); S-Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul); Paraguay (Caaguazu, Central, Cordillera, Misiones, Pres. Hayes, San Pedro); Uruguay (Artigas, Canelones, Colonia, Durazno, Florida Prov., Maldonado, Montevideo, Rocha); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Chaco, Chubut, Cordoba, Corrientes, Entre Rios, Formosa, Jujuy, La Pampa, Mendoza, Misiones, Rio Negro, Salta, Santa Cruz, Santiago del Estero, Santa Fe, San Juan, San Luis, Tucuman)
21 mdr 27 saf 50 aus 83 BOL ECU PER 84 BRA 85 ARG PAR URU
Remarks: Sect. Virginica
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago chubutensis Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50: 25 230 (1913)
= Plantago humilior Pilg.; Engl. Pflanzenreich, Plantaginac. 224 (1937), nom. nov. pro P. humilis Decne.
= Plantago humilis Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13: I. 730 (1852), non P. humilis Jan ex Guss.
= Plantago myosuros subsp. humilior (Pilg.) Rahn; Bot. Tidsskr. 60: 56 (1964)
= Plantago myosuros subsp. nudiuscula Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 62: 16 (1928)
= Plantago myosuros var. angustifolia Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 62: 17 (1928)
= Plantago myosuros var. hirta Speg.; Anales Soc. Ci. Argent. 53: 279 (1902)
= Plantago myosuros var. major Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50(2-3): 247 (1913)
= Plantago myosuros var. parviflora Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50(2-3): 247 (1913)
= Plantago myosurus subsp. humilior (Pilg.) Rahn; Bot. Tidsskr. 60: 64 (1964)
= Plantago myosurus var. hirta Speg.; Anales Soc. Ci. Argent. 53: 279 (1902)
= Plantago nigritella Pilg.; Notizbl. Königl. Bot. Gart. Berlin 5: 261 (1912)
= Plantago occidentalis Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13: I. 722 (1852)
= Plantago pseudomyosuros Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 1. 229 (1913)
= Plantago rojasii Pilg.; Notizbl. Königl. Bot. Gart. Berlin 5: 262 (1912)
species :
Plantago napiformis (Rahn) Hassemer; Phytotaxa 221(3): 230 (2015)
Distribution: S-Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul); Paraguay (Central, Cordillera, Guaira, Misiones, San Pedro); Argentina (Chaco, Corrientes, Formosa, Misiones, Santa Fe)
84 BRA 85 ARG PAR
Remarks: Sect. Virginica
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago paralias subsp. napiformis Rahn; Bot. Tidsskr. 60: 56 (1964)
= Plantago tomentosa subsp. napiformis (Rahn) Rahn; Dansk Bot. Ark. 30(2): 139 (1974)
species :
Plantago nebularis Hassemer; Phytotaxa 340(2): 141 (2018)
Distribution: Chile (Antofagasta)
85 CLE
species :
Plantago nivalis Boiss.; Voy. Bot. Espagne 2: 533 (1841)
Name: Schnee-Wegerich (DE); Estrella de los nieves (ES)
Distribution: S-Spain (Sa. Nevada)
12 SPA
Remarks: atrata agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago argentea Webb; Iter Hispan.: 17 (1838), nom. illeg., non Chaix
= Plantago lanata Lag. & Rodr.; Anales Ci. Nat. 5: 269 (1802), nom. illeg.
= Plantago lanata var. erectifolia (Willk.) Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 23: 268 (1926)
= Plantago nivalis var. erectifolia Willk.; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 41: 52 (1891)
= Plantago thalackeri Pau; Bol. Soc. Aragonesa Ci. Nat. 8: 127 (1909)
= Plantago thalackeri var. erectifolia (Willk.) Losa; Anales Inst. Bot. Cavanilles 20: 32 (1963), nom. inval.
species :
Plantago nivea Kunth; Nov. Gen. et Sp. 2: 228 (1818)
Distribution: Mexico (Aguascalientes, Baja California Sur, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Nuevo Leon, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Tamaulipas, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Zacatecas); Guatemala; Colombia
79 MEX 80 GUA 82 CLM
Remarks: Subgen. Albicans
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago agrostophylla Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13: I. 708 (1852)
= Plantago bernoulliana Vatke; Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 16: 48 (1874)
= Plantago candicans Schrad. ex Barnéoud; Monog. Plantag. 43 (1845)
= Plantago graminea Willd.; Schult. & Schult.f., Mant. 3: 79 (1827), nom. illeg.
= Plantago lanata Barnéoud; Monogr. Plantag.: 43 (1845), nom. illeg.
= Plantago linearis var. agrostophylla (Decne.) Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 15: 422 (1919)
= Plantago linearis var. mexicana (Link) Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 15: 422 (1919)
= Plantago linearis var. rhizophora Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 62: 56 (1928)
= Plantago mexicana Link; Enum. Hort. Berol. 1: 121 (1821)
= Plantago nivea var. candicans Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 62: 71 (1928)
= Plantago philippica Cav.; Icon. 4: 35 (1797)
= Plantago sericea var. agrostophylla (Decne.) Wedd.; Chlor. Andina 2: 164 (1860)
= Plantago xorulensis Kunth; Nov. Gen. et Sp. 2: 228 (1818)
species :
Plantago notata Lag.; Gen. Sp. Pl.: 7. (1816)
Distribution: SE-Spain; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt (NE-Egypt, NW-coastal Egypt); Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus; Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia, W-Iraq: Desert); Iran (S-Iran, W-Iran); Cyprus (E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus); Lebanon (Antilebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, NW-Syria); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, N-Negev Desert, Judean Desert); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania)
12 SPA 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 33 NCS 34 CYP IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SIN SYR
Remarks: Subgen. Albicans
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago haussknechtii Vatke; Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 16: 53 (1874)
= Plantago loeflingii subsp. notata (Lag.) O.Bolòs & Vigo; Collect. Bot. (Barcelona) 14: 99 (1983)
= Plantago notata f. cylindrica Trotter; Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital., n.s. 22: 352 (1915)
= Plantago notata f. diminuta Trotter; Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital., n.s. 22: 352 (1915)
= Plantago notata f. syrtica (Viv.) Trotter; Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital., n.s. 22: 352 (1915)
= Plantago notata subsp. haussknechtii (Vatke) Rech.f.; Fl. Iranica 15: 17 (1965)
= Plantago notata var. alba Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 18: 461 (1922)
= Plantago notata var. haussknechtii (Vatke) Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 24: 321 (1928)
= Plantago olivieri Decne. ex Barnéoud; Monog. Plantag. 37 (1845)
= Plantago phaeopus Paine; Palest. Explor. Soc., Third Stat.: 120 (1875)
= Plantago polystachya Viv.; Pl. Aegypt. Dec.: 22 (1830)
= Plantago praecox C.A.Mey.; Verz. Pfl. Casp. Meer.: 115 (1831)
= Plantago scabrifolia J.Thiébaut; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 95: 19 (1948)
= Plantago syrtica Viv.; Fl. Lib. Spec. 7. t. 3 (1824)
species :
Plantago novae-zelandiae L.B.Moore; Allan, Fl. N. Zeal. 1: 785, 974 (1961)
Distribution: New Zealand
51 NZL
species :
Plantago nubicola (Decne.) Rahn; Bot. J. Linn. Soc., 120(2): 197 (1996)
Distribution: S-Peru; Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz, Potosí, Tarija); N-Argentina (Jujuy, Salta, Tucuman)
83 BOL PER 85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Bougueria nubicola Decne.; Ann. Sci. Nat. Ser. II. 5: 132 (1836)
species :
Plantago nupera Menkins; Austrobaileya 13: 23 (2023)
Distribution: Australia (Queensland)
50 AUS
species :
Plantago obconica Sykes; New Zealand J. Bot. 26(2): 321 (1988)
Distribution: New Zealand
51 NZL
species :
Plantago oelandica Shipunov; nom. nov. prov.
Distribution: Sweden (Øland)
10 SWE
Remarks: sect. Micropsyllium
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago minor Fr.; Mant. 2: 12 (1839) non Gilib. 1782
species :
Plantago orbignyana Steinh. ex Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13: I. 704 (1852)
subspecies :
subsp. orbignyana
Distribution: Peru; Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, La Paz, Oruro, Potosí, Tarija); Argentina (Jujuy, Salta)
83 BOL PER 85 ARG
Remarks: Sect. Virginica
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago australis subsp. orbignyana (Steinh. ex Decne.) Rahn; Bot. Tidsskr. 60: 50 (1964)
= Plantago hirtella var. orbignyana (Steinh. ex Decne.) A.Gray; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 6: 53 (1862)
= Plantago orbignyana var. lasiantha Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50: 284 (1913)
subspecies :
subsp. hartwegii (Decne.) Rahn; Dansk Bot. Ark. 30(2): 121 (1974)
Distribution: Colombia (Nariño); Ecuador
82 CLM 83 ECU
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago australis subsp. hartwegii (Decne.) Rahn; Bot. Tidsskr. 60: 49 (1964)
= Plantago hartwegii Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13: I. 724 (1852)
= Plantago hartwegii var. bidentula Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50: 250 (1913)
subspecies :
subsp. niederleinii (Pilg.) Rahn; Dansk Bot. Ark. 30(2): 124 (1974)
Distribution: Argentina (Catamarca, Jujuy, La Rioja, Salta, Tucuman)
85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago niederleinii Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50: 256 (1913)
subspecies :
subsp. pseudomollior (Rahn) Rahn; Dansk Bot. Ark. 30(2): 128 (1974)
Distribution: Peru; Bolivia; Argentina (Jujuy, Salta)
83 BOL PER 85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago australis subsp. pseudomollior Rahn; Bot. Tidsskr. 60: 53 (1964)
species :
Plantago oreades Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13: I. 699 (1852)
Distribution: Colombia; Venezuela (Merida)
82 CLM VEN
Remarks: Sect. Virginica
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago australis subsp. oreades (Decne.) Rahn; Bot. Tidsskr. 60: 50 (1964)
species :
Plantago orzuiensis Mohsenz., Nazeri & Mirtadz.; Novon 20(3): 307 (-310, figs. 1-2) (2010)
Distribution: Iran (Kerman)
34 IRN
species :
Plantago ovata Forssk.; Fl. Aegypt.-Arab.: 31 (1775)
Name: Ovalblättriger Wegerich (DE); Pelotilla (ES); Desert Indian-wheat (EN)
Distribution: Germany [I]; SE-Spain; Morocco; Western Sahara; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt (Eastern Desert, Great Southwestern Desert, NE-Egypt, Nile Delta, NW-coastal Egypt); Madeira (Porto Santo Isl.); Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, La Palma); Soqotra; Turkmenistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia, S-Iraq, W-Iraq: Desert); Iran (EC-Iran, E-Iran, N-Iran, S-Iran, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Farah, Kabul, Kandahar, Nangarhar, Nimroz); Cyprus (N-Cyprus); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, Jazira, NW-Syria); Israel (Rift Valley, N-Negev Desert, Judean Desert, S-Negev Desert, Negev Desert); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, N-Sinai, S-Sinai); Jordania (S-Jordania); Saudi Arabia (C-Saudi Arabia, NE-Saudi Arabia, N-Saudi Arabia, Nafud Desert, Rub al Khali, Asir, Nejd Desert); Kuwait; Bahrain; Qatar; United Arab Emirates; Oman (Mascat & Oman); China [I] (Fujian [I], Xinjiang [I]); Pakistan (Sind, Baluchistan, Waziristan, N. W. Frontier Prov., Pakistani Punjab, Salt Range, Rawalpindi, Lahore); India (Arunachal Pradesh, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Delhi, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Maharashtra, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand); Myanmar [I]; Thailand [c]
11 ger 12 SPA 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN WSA 21 CNY MDR 24 SOC 32 TKM 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG CYP IRN IRQ ISR JOR SIN SYR 35 BAR KUW OMA QAT SAU UAE 36 chi 40 IND PAK 41 mya tha
Remarks: Subgen. Albicans
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago albicans Roem. & Schult.; Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis]. 3: 127 (1818), nom. illeg.
= Plantago argentea Desf.; Fl. Atlant. 1: 136 (1798), nom. illeg., non Chaix
= Plantago declinata Roem. & Schult.; Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis]. 3: 127 (1818)
= Plantago decumbens Forssk.; Fl. Aegypt.-Arab.: 30 (1775)
= Plantago decumbens var. viridis Barnéoud; Webb & Berthel., Hist. Nat. Iles Canaries 3(2
= Plantago ispaghul Roxb. ex Fleming; As. Res. 11: 174 (1810)
= Plantago leiocephala Wallr. ex K.Koch; Linnaea 21: 713 (1849)
= Plantago mauritii Sennen; Diagn. Nouv.: 242 (1936)
= Plantago microcephala Poir.; Encycl. [Lam. & al.] 5: 378 (1804)
= Plantago monspeliensis Willd.; Enum. Pl. [Willd.] 1: 160 (1809)
= Plantago ovata f. linearifolia Sennen; Diagn. Nouv.: 151 (1936), nom. alt.
= Plantago ovata var. decumbens (Forssk.) Zohary; Palestine J. Bot., Jerusalem Ser. 1: 227 (1938)
= Plantago ovata var. linearifolia Sennen; Diagn. Nouv.: 151 (1936), nom. alt.
= Plantago ovatifolia Steud.; Flora 32: 412 (1849)
= Plantago trichophylla Nábelek; Publ. Fac. Sci. Univ. Masaryk, Brno, No. 105, 6 (1929)
= Plantago villosa Moench; Methodus: 459 (1794), nom. illeg.
variant :
var. insularis (Eastw.) S.C.Meyers & Liston; Int. J. Pl. Sci. 169(7): 961 (2008)
Name: Desert Indianwheat
Distribution: USA (Arizona, California, Nevada, Texas, Utah); Mexico (Aguascalientes, Baja California Norte, Baja California Sur, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo Leon, San Luis Potosi, Sonora, Zacatecas); Isla Guadalupe
76 USA 77 USA 79 GLP MEX
Remarks: included in nominate form by Flora of North America
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago brunnea E.Morris; Bull. Torr. Bot. Club 1900, 115 (1900)
= Plantago fastigiata var. brunnea (E.Morris) Pilg.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 269: 374 (1937)
= Plantago gooddingii A.Nelson & P.B.Kenn.; Muhlenbergia 3: 142 (1908)
= Plantago insularis Eastw.; Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. ser. 3, 1: 112 (1898)
= Plantago insularis var. scariosa (E.Morris) Jeps.; Man. Fl. Pl. Calif. [Jeps.] 956 (1925)
= Plantago minima A.M.Cunn.; Proc. Indiana Acad. Sci. 1896: 202 (1896), nom. illeg.
= Plantago scariosa E.Morris; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 27: 117 (1900)
variant :
var. fastigiata (E.Morris) S.C.Meyers & Liston; Int. J. Pl. Sci. 169(7): 961 (2008)
Distribution: SW-USA; Mexico (Veracruz, Baja California Sur, Coahuila, Nuevo Leon, etc.)
76 USA 79 MEX
Remarks: included in nominate form by Flora of North America
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago fastigiata E.Morris; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 27: 116 (1900)
= Plantago insularis var. fastigiata (E.Morris) Jeps.; Man. Fl. Pl. Calif. [Jeps.] 956 (1925)
species :
Plantago pachyneura Steud.; Flora 32: 406 (1849)
Distribution: Argentina (Mendoza); Chile (Antofagasta, Atacama, Coquimbo, Valparaíso, Metropolitana de Santiago, O´Higgins, Maule, Ñuble, Biobío, Araucanía, Los Rios, Los Lagos, Magallanes)
85 ARG CLE
Remarks: Sect. Virginica
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago australis subsp. pachyneura (Steud.) Rahn; Bot. Tidsskr. 60: 61 (1964)
= Plantago berteroi Steinh. ex Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 726 (1852)
= Plantago durvillei var. hygrophila (Steud.) Pilg.; Pflanzenr. (Engl.) IV, Fam. 269 (Heft 102): 232 (1937)
= Plantago hirtella Barnéoud; Monogr. Plantag.: 9 (1845), nom. illeg.
= Plantago hygrophila Steud.; Flora 32: 403 (1849)
= Plantago pachyneura subsp. eupachyneura Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 62: 18 (1928)
= Plantago pachyneura var. hygrophila (Steud.) Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50(2-3): 228 (1913)
= Plantago pachystachys Phil.; Anales Univ. Chile 91: 248 (1895)
species :
Plantago pachyphylla A.Gray; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 6: 54 (1861)
Distribution: Hawaii (Kauai, Oahu, Molokai, Maui, Hawaii Isl.)
63 HAW
Remarks: pachyphylla agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago glabrifolia (Rock) Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 19: 117 (1923)
= Plantago glabrifolia var. fibrillosa Pilg.
= Plantago grayana f. subglabra Skottsb.
= Plantago grayana Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 19: 115 (1923)
= Plantago grayana var. abrotanelloides Skottsb.
= Plantago grayana var. pusilla (Wawra) Skottsb.
= Plantago hillebrandii Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 19: 118 (1923)
= Plantago krajinae Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 40: 237 (1936). 40: 237 (1936)
= Plantago melanochroa Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 40: 237 (1936)
= Plantago muscicola (Rock) Pilg.
= Plantago pachyphylla f. crassicaudex Rock
= Plantago pachyphylla f. intermedia Rock
= Plantago pachyphylla f. montis-eeka Rock
= Plantago pachyphylla var. glabrifolia Rock
= Plantago pachyphylla var. kavaiensis A.Gray
= Plantago pachyphylla var. maviensis A.Gray
= Plantago pachyphylla var. minor Pilg.
= Plantago pachyphylla var. muscicola Rock
= Plantago pachyphylla var. pusilla Wawra
= Plantago pachyphylla var. rotundifolia Wawra
species :
Plantago palmata Hook.f.; J. Linn. Bot. Soc. 6: 19 (1862)
Distribution: Cameroon; Bioko Isl. [Fernando Poo]; Equatorial Guinea; E-D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Rwanda; South Sudan; Ethiopia; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; Zimbabwe
23 BIO CMN EQG RWA ZAI 24 ETH SSU 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 ZIM
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago kerstenii Asch.; Sitzb. Ges. naturf. Fr. 20 Oct. 1868: 23 (1868)
= Plantago palmata var. kerstenii (Asch.) Asch.; (1872)
species :
Plantago palustris L.R.Fraser & Vickery; Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales 62: 291 (1937)
Distribution: Australia (New South Wales)
50 AUS
species :
Plantago papuana P.Royen; Nova Guinea, Bot., No. 18, 418 (1964)
Distribution: New Guinea (Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
species :
Plantago paradoxa Hook.f.; Hook. Lond. J. Bot. 6: 277 (1847)
Distribution: Australia (Tasmania)
50 AUS
species :
Plantago patagonica Jacq.; Icon. Pl. Rar. [Jacq.] 2(fasc. 16): 9, t. 306 (1795)
Name: Woolly plantain (EN); Wolliger Wegerich (D)
Distribution: Italy [I]; Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Saskatchewan); USA (Arkansas, Arizona, California, Colorado, Georgia, Iowa, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, North Carolina, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Jersey, New Mexico, Nevada, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Vermont, Washington State, Wisconsin, West Virginia, Wyoming); Mexico (Baja California Norte, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo Leon, Sonora); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Chubut, Cordoba, La Pampa, Mendoza, Neuquen, Rio Negro, Santa Cruz, Santa Fe, San Luis)
13 ita 71 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX 85 ARG
Remarks: Subgen. Albicans
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago candicans Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 713 (1852), nom. illeg.
= Plantago canescens Schrad. ex Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 713 (1852), nom. inval.
= Plantago gnaphalioides Nutt.; Gen. N. Amer. Pl. 1: 100 (1818)
= Plantago ignota E.Morris; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 28: 119 (1901)
= Plantago limarensis F.Phil. ex Phil.; Anales Univ. Chile 91: 266 (1895)
= Plantago oblonga E.Morris; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 28: 119 (1901)
= Plantago patagonica f. glabrescens Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 62: 38 (1928)
= Plantago patagonica f. vestita Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 62: 38 (1928)
= Plantago patagonica var. breviscapa (Shinners) Shinners; Sida 3: 121 (1967)
= Plantago patagonica var. erecta Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 62: 38 (1928)
= Plantago patagonica var. gnaphalioides (Nutt.) A.Gray; Manual (Gray), ed. 2. 269 (1856)
= Plantago patagonica var. gracilescens Speg.; Anales Soc. Ci. Argent. 53: 277 (1902)
= Plantago patagonica var. limarensis (F.Phil. ex Phil.) Reiche; Fl. Chile 6: 123 (1911)
= Plantago patagonica var. majuscula Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 62: 38 (1928)
= Plantago patagonica var. minuscula Speg.; Anales Soc. Ci. Argent. 53: 277 (1902)
= Plantago patagonica var. oblonga (E.Morris) Shinners; Sida 3: 122 (1967)
= Plantago patagonica var. spinulosa (Decne.) A.Gray; Manual, ed. 2: 269 (1856)
= Plantago picta E.Morris; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 28: 118 (1901), nom. illeg.
= Plantago purshii Roem. & Schult.; Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis]. 3: 120 (1818)
= Plantago purshii var. breviscapa Shinners; Field & Lab. 18: 118 (1950)
= Plantago purshii var. gnaphalioides (Nutt.) A.Gray
= Plantago purshii var. oblonga (E.Morris) Shinners; Field & Lab. 18: 117 (1950)
= Plantago purshii var. picta (E.Morris) Pilg.; Pflanzenr. (Engl.) [Heft 102] 4, Fam. 269: 369 (1937)
= Plantago purshii var. spinulosa (Decne. ex DC.) Shinners; Field & Lab. 18: 117 (1950)
= Plantago spinulosa Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13: I. 713 (1852)
= Plantago spinulosa var. oblonga (E.Morris) Poe; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 55: 411 (1928)
= Plantago wyomingensis Gand.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 66: 221 (1919)
= Plantago xerodea E.Morris; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 36: 515 (1909)
species :
Plantago penantha Griseb.; Abh. Königl. Ges. Wiss. Göttingen 24: 220 (1879)
Distribution: S-Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul); Uruguay (Artigas, Canelones, Florida Prov., Lavalleja, San Jose); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Corrientes, Entre Rios)
84 BRA 85 ARG URU
Remarks: Sect. Virginica
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago kuntzei Pilg.; Kuntze, Revis. Gen. 3: II. 263 (1898)
species :
Plantago pentasperma Hemsl.; Bot. Voy. Challenger 1: II. 265 (1884)
Distribution: Ile Amsterdam
91 ASP
species :
Plantago perssonii Pilg.; Engl., Pflanzenr. 102 (4, 269): 440 (1939)
Distribution: C-Asia; China (SW-Xinjiang)
36 CHI
Remarks: media agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago arachnoidea var. lorata J.Z.Liu; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 27(4): 300 (1989)
= Plantago lorata (J.Z.Liu) Shipunov; Byull. Moskovsk. Obshch. Isp. Prir., Otd. Biol. 105(1): 63 (2000)
species :
Plantago phaeostoma Boiss. & Heldr.; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 2, 4: 71 (1859)
Name: Braunfleckiger Wegerich (DE)
Distribution: Greece; Libya; Egypt (Eastern Desert, Great Southwestern Desert, NE-Egypt, NW-coastal Egypt, SE-Egypt); Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura); Israel (Rift Valley, N-Negev Desert, Judean Desert); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, N-Sinai, S-Sinai); Jordania (W-Jordania)
13 GRC 20 EGY LBY 21 CNY 34 ISR JOR SIN
Synonyms: hidden
= Psyllium phaeostomum (Boiss. & Heldr.) Soják; Cas. Nár. Mus., Odd. Pur. 140: 131 (1972)
= Psyllium phaeostomum (Boiss. & Heldr.) H.Dietr.; Wiss. Zeitschr. Friedrich-Schiller Univ. Jena, Mat. Naturwiss.29(4): 573 (1980), without basionym ref., et 31(2): 195 (1982), with basionym ref., isonym
species :
Plantago picta Colenso; Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 22: 481 (1889 publ. 1890) non E. Morris
Distribution: New Zealand
51 NZL
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago spathulata subsp. picta (Colenso) Sykes; New Zealand J. Bot. 26(2): 323 (1988)
species :
Plantago pilgeriana Hassemer; Phytotaxa 423(3): 124 (2019), nom. nov.
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Remarks: sect. Lancifolia
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago lacustris (Maire) Maire & Pilg.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 269: 229 (1937), nom. illeg.
= Plantago lanceolata subsp. lacustris (Maire) Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 30: 300 (1939)
= Plantago lanceolata var. lacustris Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 23: 211 (1932)
species :
Plantago polita Craven; Contrib. Herb. Austral. 13: 4 (1976)
Distribution: New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
Remarks: antarctica agg.
species :
Plantago polysperma Kar. & Kir.; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 15: 431 (1842)
Distribution: S-European Russia; Siberia (W-Siberia); E-Kazakhstan; China (N-Xinjiang); W-Mongolia
14 RUS 30 SIB 32 KAZ 36 CHI 37 MON
Remarks: sect. Micropsyllium
species :
Plantago pretoana (Rahn) Hassemer; Phytotaxa 221(3): 232 (2015)
Distribution: S-Brazil (Paraná, Santa Catarina, Minas Gerais)
84 BRA
Remarks: Sect. Virginica
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago australis subsp. pretoana Rahn; Bot. Tidsskr. 60: 51 (1964)
species :
Plantago princeps Cham. & Schltdl.; Linnaea 1: 167 (1826)
Distribution: Hawaii (Oahu)
63 HAW
Conservation Status: 1999 Conservation Status: Endangered, USA Status: Endangered
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago chamissoi Wallr. ex Walp.; Nov. Act. Nat. Cur. 19: Suppl. 1: 402 (1843)
= Plantago princeps var. queleniana (Gaudich.) Rock
= Plantago queleniana Gaudich.; Freyc. Voy. Bot. 445 (1829)
variant :
var. anomala Rock
Distribution: Hawaii (Kauai)
63 HAW
Conservation Status: 1999 Conservation Status: Endangered, USA Status: Endangered
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago princeps var. hirtella A.Gray
variant :
var. laxifolia A.Gray
Distribution: Hawaii (Molokai, Maui, +Hawaii Isl.)
63 HAW
Conservation Status: 1999 Conservation Status: Endangered, USA Status: Endangered
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago princeps var. denticulata Hillebr.
variant :
var. longibracteata H.Mann; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 7: 189 (1868)
Distribution: Hawaii (Kauai, Oahu)
63 HAW
Conservation Status: 1999 Conservation Status: Endangered, USA Status: Endangered
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago fauriei H.Lév.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 10: 151 (1911)
= Plantago princeps f. erecta Wawra
= Plantago princeps var. acaulis Wawra
= Plantago princeps var. aquatilis Wawra
= Plantago princeps var. elata Wawra
species :
Plantago psammophila Agnew & Chal.-Kabi; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 25: 56 (1963)
Distribution: Iraq (SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia, S-Iraq, W-Iraq: Desert); Kuwait
34 IRQ 35 KUW
Remarks: Subgen. Albicans
species :
Plantago pulvinata Speg.; Anal. Soc. Ci. Argentina. 53: 276 (1902), et Nov. Add. Fl. Patagonia. 2:, repr. 75 (1902)
Distribution: Argentina (Santa Cruz); Chile (Aisén)
85 ARG CLE
Remarks: Sect. Oliganthos
species :
Plantago pusilla Nutt.; Gen. N. Amer. Pl. [Nutt.]. 1: 100 (1818)
Name: Dwarf plantain (EN)
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, California, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, New Jersey, New York, Oklahoma, Oregon [I], Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, Washington State [I])
73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Remarks: sect. Micropsyllium
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago bigelovii S.Watson; Botany [Fortieth Parallel]: 212 (1871), nom. illeg.
= Plantago hybrida W.P.C.Barton; Comp. Fl. Philadelph. 2: 214 (1818)
= Plantago maritima W.P.C.Barton; Fl. Philadelph. Prodr.: 26 (1815), nom. illeg.
= Plantago pusilla f. major (Engelm.) Bassett; Canad. J. Bot. 44: 478 (1966)
= Plantago pusilla var. engelmannii E.Morris; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 36: 528 (1909), nom. superfl.
= Plantago pusilla var. macrosperma Engelm.; Bot. Gaz. 8: 175 (1883)
= Plantago pusilla var. major Engelm.; Bot. Gaz. 8: 175 (1883)
species :
Plantago pyrophila Villarroel & J.R.I.Wood; Kew Bull. 66(3): 471 (2011 publ. 2012)
Distribution: Bolivia (Santa Cruz)
83 BOL
Remarks: Sect. Virginica
species :
Plantago rahniana Hassemer & R.Trevis.; Syst. Bot. 39(2): 637-643 (2014)
Distribution: Brazil (Santa Catarina)
84 BRA
Remarks: Sect. Virginica, commersoniana agg.
species :
Plantago rancaguae Steud.; Flora 32: 405 (1849)
Distribution: Chile (Antofagasta, Atacama, Coquimbo, Valparaíso, Metropolitana de Santiago, O´Higgins)
85 CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago brachyantha Phil.; Fl. Atacam.: 47 (1860)
= Plantago bracteosa Phil.; Anales Univ. Chile 43: 534 (1873)
= Plantago deserticola Phil.; Fl. Atacam. 46. (1860)
= Plantago deserticola var. brachyantha I.M.Johnst.; Revista Chilena Hist. Nat. 30: 16 (1926)
= Plantago patagonica Bertero ex Steud.; Flora 32: 405 (1849), nom. inval.
= Plantago quillotae Vatke; Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 16: 50 (1874)
species :
Plantago raoulii Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13: I. 703 (1852)
Distribution: New Zealand; Chatham Isl.
51 CTM NZL
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago dasyphylla Colenso; Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 24: 393 (1891 publ. 1892)
= Plantago varia A.Cunn. ex Hook.f.; Fl. Nov.-Zel. 1: 208 (1853), pro syn.
species :
Plantago rapensis F.Br.; Bull. Bernice P. Bishop Mus. 130, 281 (1935)
Distribution: Austral Isl. (Rapa Iti)
61 AUI
species :
Plantago remota Lam.; Illustr. 1: 341 (1791)
Distribution: South Africa (W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago capensis Thunb.; Prod. Pl. Cap. 29 (1794)
species :
Plantago reniformis Beck; Annal. Naturh. Hofmus. Wien. 2: 149. t. 2, fig. 1-2 (1887)
Distribution: Bosnia & Hercegovina; Macedonia; Albania; Greece
13 ALB BIH GRC NMA
Remarks: media agg.
species :
Plantago rhizoxylon Emb.; Mem. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc, No. 33: 42 (1932 publ. 1933)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Remarks: maritima agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago rhizoxylon var. litardierei Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 27: 256 (1936)
species :
Plantago rhodosperma Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13: I. 722 (1852)
Name: Redseed plantain
Distribution: South Africa [I]; USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Arizona, California, Georgia, Illinois, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Missouri, Mississippi, Nebraska, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Tennessee, Texas); Mexico (Baja California Norte, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo Leon, San Luis Potosi, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Veracruz); Bahamas
27 saf 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX 81 BAH
Remarks: Sect. Virginica
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago echioides Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 722 (1852)
= Plantago rhodosperma var. echioides (Decne.) Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50: 218 (1913)
= Plantago rhodosperma var. macrocalyx Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50: 218 (1913)
= Plantago rubra A.M.Cunn.; Proc. Indiana Acad. Sci. 1896: 204 (1896)
= Plantago virginica var. pectinata Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 532 (1891)
species :
Plantago rigida Kunth; Nov. Gen. et Sp. 2: 227 (1818)
Distribution: Colombia (Antioquia, Boyacá, Caldas, Cundinamarca, Magdalena, Meta, Nariño, Risaralda, Santander, Tolima); Venezuela (Lara, Merida); Ecuador; Peru; BoliviaBolivia (La Paz)
82 CLM VEN 83 ECU PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago rigens Schult. & Schult.f.; Mant. 3: 83 (1827)
= Plantago rigida var. angustior Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 37(5): 646 (1906)
= Plantago rigida var. pusilla Wedd.; Chlor. And. 2: 162 (1860)
= Plantago rigidiuscula D.Dietr.; Syn. Pl. 1: 435 (1839)
species :
Plantago robusta Roxb.; Beats. Tracts St. Helen. App. 317 (1816)
Name: St. Helena Plantain
Distribution: St. Helena
28 STH
species :
Plantago rugelii Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13: I. 700 (1852)
Name: Blackseed plantain (EN); plantain de Rugel (F); Rugels Wegerich (DE)
Distribution: Canada (New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Isl., Québec); USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, Montana, North Carolina, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, Vermont, Wisconsin, West Virginia); Cuba [I]
72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA 81 cub
Remarks: eriopoda agg. Very similar to P. major but not related at all
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago kamtschatika Hook.; Compan. Bot. Mag. 2: 60 (1836)
= Plantago major Elliott; Sketch Bot. S. Carolina [Elliott] 1: 201 (1817) non L.
= Plantago rugelii f. fasciculata Moldenke; Castanea 9: 65 (1944)
= Plantago rugelii var. alterniflora Farw.; Pap. Michigan Acad. Sci. 1: 99 (1923)
= Plantago rugelii var. asperula Farw.; Pap. Michigan Acad. Sci. 1: 99 (1923)
species :
Plantago rupicola Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 40: 238 (1936). 40: 238 (1936)
Distribution: Austral Isl. (Rapa Iti)
61 AUI
species :
Plantago salsa Pall.; Reise Russ. Reich. 1: 486 (1771)
Distribution: Siberia (Altai, Buryatia, Chita, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva, W-Siberia); Russian Far East [I] (Magadan [I], Primorye [I]); Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Iran; Afghanistan; China (Gansu, Hebei, Nei Mongol, Qinghai, Shanxi, Xinjiang); Mongolia
30 SIB 31 rfe 32 KAZ KGZ TZK 34 AFG IRN 36 CHI 37 MON
Remarks: subg. Coronopus, sect. Maritima
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago crassifolia var. trichopoda (Hausskn.) Bornm.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 22: 141 (1907)
= Plantago eocoronopus Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 34: 147 (1933)
= Plantago maritima subsp. ciliata Printz; Veg. Siber.-Mongol. Front. 3: 397 (1921)
= Plantago maritima subsp. salsa (Pall.) Hultén; Kungl. Svenska Vetenskapsakad. Handl. 13(1): 385 (1971), isonym
= Plantago maritima subsp. salsa (Pall.) Rech.f.; isonym
= Plantago maritima subsp. salsa (Pall.) Soják; Preslia 34: 414 (1962)
= Plantago maritima var. salsa (Pall.) Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 34: 148 (1933)
species :
Plantago schwarzenbergiana Schur; Verh. Mitth. Siebenbürg. Vereins Naturwiss. Hermannstadt 6: 3. (1855)
Distribution: Hungary; Croatia; Serbia; Romania; Ukraine
11 HUN 13 CRO ROM SRB 14 UKR
Remarks: media agg.
species :
Plantago sempervirens Crantz; Inst. Rei Herb. 2: 331 (1766)
Name: Strauch-Wegerich (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Switzerland [I]; Austria [I]; Portugal; Spain; Andorra; France; Italy; Croatia; European Turkey; USA [I] (California [I])
11 aut ger swi 12 ADO FRA POR SPA 13 CRO ITA TUE 76 usa
Remarks: Subgen. Psyllium
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago adspersa Bernh.; Index Seminum (NKME, Erfordia) 1835: 3 (1836)
= Plantago bullata Donn; Hortus Cantabrig.: 15 (1796)
= Plantago crassa Willd.; Phytographia 1: 3 (1794)
= Plantago crispa Jacq.; Collectanea 5: 34 (1797)
= Plantago crispa Savi ex Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 734 (1852), nom. inval.
= Plantago cynops var. longepedunculata Sennen; Exsicc. (Pl. Esp.) 1926: no. 5869 (1927)
= Plantago genevensis (Mirb.) Poir.; Lam., Encycl. 5: 390 (1804)
= Plantago repens Samp.; Herb. Portug.: 117 (1913), nom. illeg.
= Plantago sempervirens var. barraui O.Bolòs & Vigo; Collect. Bot. (Barcelona) 14: 99 (1983)
= Plantago suffruticosa Lam.; Fl. Franc. 2: 313 (1779), nom. illeg.
= Plantago supina Schinz & Thell.; Vierteljahrsschr. Naturf. Ges. Zürich 53: 565 (1909)
= Psyllium cynops (L.) Mirb.; Hist. Pl. ed. II. 14: 332, 334 (1805), basionym illeg.
= Psyllium genevense Mirb.; Hist. Nat. Pl. 14: 332 (1805)
= Psyllium majus Ratier; Pharm. Franç.: 118 (1827)
= Psyllium sempervirens (Crantz) Soják; Cas. Nár. Mus., Odd. Prir. 140: 131 (1972)
= Psyllium suffruticosum (Lam.) Dum.Cours.; Bot. Cult. 1: 650 (1802)
= Psyllium supinum Garsault; Fig. Pl. Méd.: t. 474 (1764), opus utique rej.
species :
Plantago sempervivoides Dusén; Arkiv Bot. Stockh. 7: No. 2, 37 (1907)
Distribution: Argentina (Mendoza, Santa Cruz); Chile (Magallanes)
85 ARG CLE
Remarks: Sect. Oliganthos
species :
Plantago sericea Ruiz & Pav.; Fl. Peruv. 1: 51 (1798)
subspecies :
subsp. sericea
Distribution: Colombia (Boyacá, Cauca, Cesar, Cundinamarca, La Guajira, Magdalena, Norte de Santander, Santander); Venezuela (Aragua, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Lara, Merida, Tachira, Trujillo); Peru; Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, La Paz, Potosí, Tarija)
82 CLM VEN 83 BOL PER
Remarks: Subgen. Albicans
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago alopecurus Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13: I. 709 (1852)
= Plantago argyrophylla Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13: I. 711 (1852)
= Plantago caricina Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13: I. 708 (1852)
= Plantago congesta Ruiz & Pav.; Fl. Peruv. 1: 51. t. 79 (1798)
= Plantago dombeyi Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 62: 76 (1928). 62: 76 (1928)
= Plantago hillii Pilg.; Notizbl. Königl. Bot. Gart. Berlin 10: 833 (1929)
= Plantago leucophylla Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13: I. 708 (1852)
= Plantago lindeniana Decne. ex Wedd.; Chlor. And. 2: 164 (1806)
= Plantago macbridei Pilg.; Notizbl. Königl. Bot. Gart. Berlin 10: 832 (1929)
= Plantago nubigena var. candida Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 62: 82 (1928)
= Plantago nubigena var. macrocephala Wedd.; Chlor. Andina 2: 163 (1860)
= Plantago sericea subsp. argyrophylla (Decne.) Rahn; Bot. Tidsskr. 73(2): 111 (1978)
= Plantago sericea var. alopecurus (Decne.) Wedd.; Chlor. Andina 2: 163 (1860)
= Plantago sericea var. congesta (Ruiz & Pav.) Wedd.; Chlor. Andina 2: 164 (1860)
= Plantago vestita Roem. & Schult.; Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis]. 3: 149 (1818)
variant :
var. huancayensis Rahn; Bot. Tidsskr. 73(2): 111 (1978)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
variant :
var. lanuginosa Griseb.; Abh. Königl. Ges. Wiss. Göttingen 19: 202 (1874)
Distribution: Peru; Bolivia; Argentina (Catamarca, Salta, Jujuy, Tucuman)
83 BOL PER 85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago compsophylla Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 37: 644 (1906)
= Plantago extensa Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 37: 644 (1906)
= Plantago fiebrigii Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 15: 420 (1919)
= Plantago lorentzii Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 15: 421 (1919)
= Plantago monticola subsp. crispula Pilg.; Engl., Bot. Jahrb. 62: 81 (1928)
= Plantago monticola subsp. herrerae Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 62: 81 (1928)
= Plantago monticola var. majuscula Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 62: 81 (1928)
= Plantago monticola var. maxima Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 62: 81 (1928)
= Plantago tarattothrix Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 37: 644 (1906)
= Plantago tarijensis Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 15: 420 (1919)
subspecies :
subsp. caulescens (Watson) Rahn; Bot. Tidsskr. 73(2): 111 (1978)
Distribution: NE-Mexico
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago caulescens S.Watson; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 18: 141 (1882 publ. 1883)
subspecies :
subsp. nubigena (Kunth) Rahn; Bot. Tidsskr. 73(2): 111 (1978)
Distribution: Colombia; Ecuador
82 CLM 83 ECU
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago frigida Willd.; Schult. & Schult.f., Mant. 3: 76 (1827)
= Plantago multiceps Kunth; Nov. Gen. Sp. [H. B. K.] 2: 228 (1818)
= Plantago nubigena Kunth; Nov. Gen. et Sp. 2: 227 (1818)
subspecies :
subsp. perreymondii (Barnéoud) Rahn; Bot. Tidsskr. 73(2): 111 (1978)
Distribution: Colombia; Venezuela (Merida)
82 CLM VEN
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago perreymondii Barnéoud; Monog. Plantag. 46 (1845)
= Plantago perreymondii var. induta Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 62: 52 (1928)
subspecies :
subsp. polyclada (Pilg.) Rahn; Bot. Tidsskr. 73(2): 111 (1978)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago polyclada Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 37: 643 (1906)
subspecies :
subsp. sericans (Pilg.) Rahn; Bot. Tidsskr. 73(2): 111 (1978)
Distribution: Colombia; Peru; Bolivia; Argentina (Catamarca, Jujuy, La Rioja, Salta, Tucuman); Chile (Arica y Parinacota)
82 CLM 83 BOL PER 85 ARG CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago monticola Decne.; DC. Prodr. 13(1): 711 (1852)
= Plantago monticola subsp. angusta Pilg.; Engl., Bot. Jahrb. 62: 80 (1928)
= Plantago monticola subsp. sericans Pilg.; Engl., Bot. Jahrb. 62: 80 (1928)
= Plantago monticola var. humillima Pilg.; Engl., Bot. Jahrb. 62: 80 (1928)
= Plantago monticola var. sericans Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 62: 80 (1928)
= Plantago sericea var. monticola (Decne.) Wedd.; Chlor. Andina 2: 164 (1860)
species :
Plantago serraria L.; Syst. Nat. ed. 10: 896 (1759)
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); Malta; Croatia; ?Montenegro; Albania; Greece; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia
12 GIB POR SAR SPA 13 ALB CRO GRC ITA MLT PEL SIC 20 ALG MOR TUN
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago bulbosa Crantz; Inst. Rei Herb. 2: 330 (1766)
= Plantago coronopus var. serraria (L.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl.: 532 (1891)
= Plantago gracilis Poir.; Voy. Barbarie 2: 115 (1789)
= Plantago peloritana Lojac.; Fl. Sicula 2(2): 35 (1907)
= Plantago serraria f. angustifolia Sennen; Diagn. Nouv.: 204 (1936), nom. alt.
= Plantago serraria var. africana Barnéoud; Monogr. Plantag.: 21 (1845)
= Plantago serraria var. angustifolia Sennen; Diagn. Nouv.: 204 (1936), nom. alt.
= Plantago serraria var. hispanica Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 731 (1852)
= Plantago serraria var. microdon Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 28: 314 (1930)
species :
Plantago sharifii Rech.f. & Esfand.; Anz. Math.-Nat. Kl. Oesterr. Akad. Wiss. Wien 1950: 88 (1950)
Distribution: Iran (S-Iran)
34 IRN
species :
Plantago sinaica (Barnéoud) Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(I): 733 (1852)
Distribution: Sinai peninsula (S-Sinai)
34 SIN
Remarks: Subgen. Psyllium
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago arabica Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 1, 12: 94 (1853) et Fl. 4: 890 (1879), nom. illeg.
= Plantago longestyla C.Presl; Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss., ser. 5, 3: 535 (1845), nom. nud.
= Plantago psyllium Decne.; Anr. Sci. Nat. Ser. II. 2: 245 (1834)
= Plantago psyllium var. sinaica Barnéoud; Monogr. Plantag. 49 (1845)
= Plantago squarrosa Bove ex Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13: I. 733 (1852) non Murray
= Psyllium sinaicum (Barnéoud) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. Bohem. 8: 173 (1973)
species :
Plantago sparsiflora Michx.; Fl. Bor. Amer. 1: 94 (1803)
Name: Pineland plantain
Distribution: USA (Florida, Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia)
78 USA
Remarks: eriopoda agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago caroliniana Pursh; Fl. Amer. Sept. 1: 98 (1813), nom. illeg.
= Plantago interrupta Poir.; Lam., Encycl. 5: 375 (1804)
= Plantago multinervis Raf.; New Fl. 4: 10 (1838)
= Plantago virginica Walter; Fl. Carol. 85 (1788) non L.
species :
Plantago spathulata Hook.f.; Fl. New Zealand. 1: 208 (1854)
Distribution: New Zealand
51 NZL
species :
Plantago squarrosa Murray; Comm. Soc. Reg. Sci. Götting. 4: 38, t. 3 (1782)
Name: Bäumchen-Wegerich (DE); Bracted Plantain (EN)
Distribution: Crete; Egypt (Desert Oases, Eastern Desert, NE-Egypt, Nile Delta, NW-coastal Egypt); East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia); Cyprus (E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Lebanon (coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria); Israel (C-Israel, coastal W-Israel); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, N-Sinai)
13 KRI 20 EGY 34 CYP EAI ISR LEB SIN SYR TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Psyllium, squarrosa agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago aegyptica Jacq.; Collectanea 1: 45 (1787)
= Plantago chamaepsyllium Zohary; Israel J. Bot. Jerusalem ser. 1: 229 (1938)
= Plantago sarcophylla Boiss. ex Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13: 735 (1852) (pro. syn.)
= Plantago sarcophylla Boiss. ex Zohary; Palestine J. Bot., Jerusalem Ser. 1: 230 (1938)
= Plantago squarrosa var. brachystachys Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 4: 893 (1879)
= Plantago squarrosa var. gaudensis Dörfl. ex Vierh. & Rech.f.; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 84: 179 (1935)
= Psyllium aegyptiacum (Jacq.) Mirb.; Hist. Pl. ed. II. 14: 333 (1800)
= Psyllium chamaepsyllium (Zohary) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. Bohem. 8: 173 (1973)
= Psyllium sarcophyllum (Boiss. ex Zohary) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8: 173 (1973)
= Psyllium squarrosum (Murray) Dum.Cours.; Bot. Cult., ed. 2, 2: 492 (1811)
species :
Plantago stauntonii Reichardt; Verh. Zoo-Bot. Ges. Wien 21: 33 (1871)
Distribution: Ile St. Paul; Ile Amsterdam
91 ASP
species :
Plantago stenophylla Merr. & L.M.Perry; J. Arnold Arbor. 30: 54 (1949)
Distribution: New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
species :
Plantago stocksii Boiss. ex Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13: 720 (1852)
Distribution: Iran (EC-Iran, SW-Iran); Afghanistan (Helmand); Pakistan (Sind, Baluchistan, Waziristan)
34 AFG IRN 40 PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago remotiflora Stocks; Hooker´s J. Bot. Kew Gard. Misc. 4: 179 (1852)
species :
Plantago strictissima L.; Amoen. Acad. ed. 4: 478 (1759)
Name: Schlangen-Wegerich (DE)
Distribution: Germany (Bayern, Hessen [I]); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Austria; Portugal; Spain; France; Italy; Croatia; Albania
11 AUT GER LIE SWI 12 FRA POR SPA 13 ALB CRO ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago loscosii Willk.; Willk. & Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 2: 358 (1868)
= Plantago maritima subsp. serpentina (All.) Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital.: 499 (1882), nom. illeg.
= Plantago maritima var. ciliata W.D.J.Koch; 599 (1837)
= Plantago serpentina All.; Auct. Syn. Meth. Stirp. Hort. Regii Taur.: 8 (1773)
= Plantago serpentina var. aspera (Gaudin) Casper; Hartl & Wagenitz, 583 (1974)
= Plantago serpentina var. bidentata (Murith) Hayek; Hayek & Hegi, 191 (1914)
= Plantago serpentina var. longebracteata W.D.J.Koch; 599 (1837)
species :
Plantago subnuda Pilg.; Notizbl. Königl. Bot. Gart. Berlin 5: 260 (1912)
Name: Tall coastal plantain
Distribution: USA (California, Montana, Oregon, SW-Washington State)
73 USA 76 USA
Remarks: Sect. Virginica
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago australis subsp. subnuda (Pilg.) Rahn; Bot. Tidsskr. 60: 54 (1964)
= Plantago durvillei subsp. subnuda (Pilg.) Pilg.; Pflanzenr. (Engl.) [Heft 102] 4, Fam. 269: 234 (1937)
species :
Plantago subspathulata Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 28: 319 (1930)
Distribution: Madeira
21 MDR
species :
Plantago subulata L.; Sp. Pl.: 115 (1753)
Distribution: Spain; Andorra; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Morocco; East Aegaean Isl.; Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon)
12 ADO COR FRA SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO ITA KOS MNT NMA SIC SLV SRB TUE 20 MOR 34 EAI LEB TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Coronopus, maritima agg. Complete inclusion of P. holosteum in P. subulata confirmed by Hassemer et al. 2017
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantaginella carinata (Trevir.) Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, n.s. 17: 140 (1869)
= Plantaginella subulata (L.) Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, N. S. 17: 140 (1869)
= Plantago acanthophylla Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 730- 731 (1852)
= Plantago alpina var. capitellata (Ramond ex DC.) Mert. & W.D.J.Koch; Röhling, Deutschl. Fl., ed. 3, 1: 807 (1823)
= Plantago brachyphylla Roem. & Schult.; Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis]. 3: 136 (1818)
= Plantago capitella Ramond ex DC.; Lam. & A. DC., Fl. Franç., éd. 3 3: 414 (1805), pro syn.
= Plantago capitellata Ramond ex DC.; Lam. & A. DC., Fl. Franç., éd. 3 3: 414 (1805)
= Plantago carinata Lange; Vidensk. Meddel. Naturhist. Foren. Kjøbenhavn 1861: 57 (1861), nom. illeg.
= Plantago carinata Schrad. ex Mert. & W.D.J.Koch; Röhling, Deutschl. Fl., ed. 3, 1: 810 (1823), nom. illeg.
= Plantago carinata var. depauperata Godr.; Gren. & Godr., Fl. France Corse 2: 726 (1853)
= Plantago gerardii Schult.; Oestr. Fl., 2. ed. 1: 298 (1814), nom. illeg. et illeg. (Art. 52), non Plantago gerardii Pourr., Mem. Acad. Toul. 3: 324 (1788)
= Plantago granatensis (Willk.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur., 3rd part: 618 (1881), nom. inval. (Art. 36.1[c]).
= Plantago holosteum f. vestita Pic.Serm.; Webbia 6: 63 (1948)
= Plantago holosteum Scop.; Fl. Carniol. ed. 2, 1: 108 (1771)
= Plantago holosteum subsp. grovesii (Bég.) Brullo; Braun-Blanquetia 2: 31 (1988)
= Plantago holosteum subsp. libanotica (Pilg.) Chrtek; Cas. Nar. Muz. Rada Prir., 168(1-4): 20 (1999)
= Plantago holosteum subsp. littoralis (Rouy) Chrtek; Cas. Nár. Muz., Rada Prír. 168: 19 (1999)
= Plantago holosteum subsp. macrantha Chrtek; Cas. Nár. Muz. Rada Prir. 168(1-4): 20 (1999)
= Plantago holosteum var. gallica Chrtek; Cas. Nár. Muz. Rada Prir., 168(1-4): 20 (1999)
= Plantago holosteum var. libanotica Pilg.
= Plantago holosteum var. littoralis (Rouy) Kerguélen; Lejeunia, n.s., 120: 141 (1987)
= Plantago humilis Jan ex Guss.; Fl. Sicul. Prodr. 1(Add.): 3 (1827)
= Plantago humilis subsp. atlantis (Emb. & Maire) Brullo, Pavone & Terrasi; Candollea 40(1): 225 (1985)
= Plantago humilis subsp. granatensis (Willk.) Brullo, Pavone & Terrasi; Candollea 40(1): 225 (1985)
= Plantago humilis subsp. insularis (Godr.) Kerguélen & Lambinon; Lejeunia, n.s., 120: 141 (1987)
= Plantago humilis subsp. sarda (C.Presl) Brullo, Pavone & Terrasi; Candollea 40(1): 225 (1985)
= Plantago incana Roem. & Schult.; Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis]. 3: 134 (1818), nom. illeg.
= Plantago incurvata Murray; Commentat. Soc. Regiae Sci. Gott. 3: 19 (1780 publ. 1781)
= Plantago insularis (Godr.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur., 3rd part: 618 (1881), nom. inval. (Art. 36.1[c]).
= Plantago lagascae Dufour ex Barnéoud; Monog. Plantag. 24 (1845)
= Plantago maritima var. apennina A.Terracc.; Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital., n. ser. 1: 173-174 (1894)
= Plantago maritima var. carinata Trevir.; Index Seminum (WROCL, Wratislaviensi) 1818: 5 (1818)
= Plantago maritima var. wulfenii (Spreng.) Spreng.; Observ. Bot. Fl. Hal.: 9 (1811)
= Plantago pungens Lapeyr.; Hist. Pl. Pyrénées: 71 (1813), nom. superfl.
= Plantago radicata f. gigantea P.Silva; Agron. Lusit. 34: 194 (1972 publ. 1973)
= Plantago radicata Hoffmanns. & Link; Fl. Portug. 1: 428 (1813)-1820
= Plantago radicata subsp. acanthophylla (Decne.) Franco; Nova Fl. Portugal 2: 569 (1984)
= Plantago radicata subsp. granatensis (Willk.) Rivas Mart., A.Asensi, Molero Mesa & F.Valle; Rivasgodaya 6: 52 (1991)
= Plantago radicata subsp. monticola (Samp.) Franco; Nova Fl. Portugal 2: 569 (1984)
= Plantago radicata var. acanthophylla (Decne.) Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 34: 160-161 (1933)
= Plantago recurvata L.; Mant. Pl. 2: 198 (1771), nom. utique rej.
= Plantago recurvata proles capitellata (Ramond ex DC.) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 10: 126 (1908)
= Plantago recurvata subsp. humilis (Jan ex Guss.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 618 (1881)
= Plantago recurvata var. capitellata (Ramond ex DC.) Gaut.; Cat. Rais. Fl. Pyr.-Or.: 365 (1898)
= Plantago recurvata var. littoralis Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 10: 126 (1908)
= Plantago sarda C.Presl; Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss. ser. 5, 3: 535 (1845)
= Plantago sarda var. alpinoides Gamisans; Plantaginaceae: Compl. Prodr. Fl. Corse: 44 (1988)
= Plantago serpentina Lam.; Tabl. Encycl. 1: 343 (1792), nom. illeg.
= Plantago serrata Haller f. ex Gaudin; Fl. Helv. 1: 403 (1828)
= Plantago sessiliflora Lapeyr.; Hist. Pl. Pyrénées: 72 (1813)
= Plantago subulata f. grovesii Bég.; Fiori and Bég., Flora Analitica d´Italia 3(1): 100 (1903)
= Plantago subulata proles insularis (Godr.) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 10: 125 (1908)
= Plantago subulata subsp. atlantis (Emb. & Maire) Greuter & Burdet; Willdenowia 12: 199 (1982)
= Plantago subulata subsp. capitellata (Ramond ex DC.) Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital.: 499 (1882)
= Plantago subulata subsp. granatensis (Willk.) Malag.; Sin. Fl. Iber.: 1047 (1976)
= Plantago subulata subsp. holosteum (Scop.) O.Bolòs & Vigo; Collect. Bot. (Barcelona) 14: 99 (1983)
= Plantago subulata subsp. humilis (Jan ex Guss.) Greuter & Burdet; Willdenowia 19: 39 (1989)
= Plantago subulata subsp. insularis (Godr.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 618 (1881)
= Plantago subulata subsp. radicata (Hoffmanns. & Link) O.Bolòs & Vigo; Collect. Bot. (Barcelona) 14: 99 (1983)
= Plantago subulata var. acanthophylla (Decne.) Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 34: 160 (1933)
= Plantago subulata var. atlantis Emb. & Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 23: 211 (1932)
= Plantago subulata var. depauperata (Godr.) O.Bolòs & Vigo; Collect. Bot. (Barcelona) 14: 99 (1983)
= Plantago subulata var. granatensis Willk.; Willk. & Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 2: 357 (1868)
= Plantago subulata var. grovesii (Bég.) Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 34: 158 (1933)
= Plantago subulata var. insularis Godr.; Gren. & Godr., Fl. France 2(2): 725 (1852)
= Plantago subulata var. masclansii O.Bolòs & Vigo; Collect. Bot. (Barcelona) 14: 99 (1983)
= Plantago subulata var. pungens (Lapeyr.) Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 730 (1852)
= Plantago subulata var. radicata (Hoffmanns. & Link) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 618 (1881)
= Plantago subulata var. sarda (C.Presl) Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 34: 158-159 (1933)
= Plantago subulata Wulfen; Jacq., Collectanea 1: 204 (1787), nom. illeg.
= Plantago triquetra Pers.; Syn. 1: 139 (1805)
= Plantago wulfenii Spreng.; Fl. Hal. Tent. 54 (1806)
species :
Plantago tanalensis Baker; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1897: 276 (1897)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
species :
Plantago tandilensis (Pilg.) Rahn; Nordic J. Bot. 3(3): 337 (1983)
Distribution: Argentina (Buenos Aires)
85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago brasiliensis subsp. tandilensis (Pilg.) Rahn; Bot. Tidsskr. 73(2): 110 (1978)
= Plantago brasiliensis var. tandilensis Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 62: 64 (1928)
= Plantago coriacea var. pilosula Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 3[3]: 263 (1898)
species :
Plantago tasmanica Hook.f.; Hook. Lond. J. Bot. 6: 276 (1847)
Distribution: Australia (Tasmania)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago daltonii Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 703 (1852), nom. superfl.
= Plantago leptostachys Hook.f.; Hook. Lond. J. Bot. 6: 277 (1847)
= Plantago tasmanica var. daltonii Hook.f.; Fl. Tasman. 1: 303 (1857)
variant :
var. archeri (Hook.f.) W.M.Curtis; Students Fl. Tasm.: (1967)
Distribution: Australia (Tasmania)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago archeri Hook.f.; Fl. Tasman. 1: 303 (1857)
species :
Plantago tatarica Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13: I. 696 (1852)
Distribution: Tajikistan (Pamir); Iran; Afghanistan; Pakistan
32 TZK 34 AFG IRN 40 PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago gentianoides var. tatarica (Decne.) Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 21: 101 (1925)
species :
Plantago tehuelcha Speg.; Rev. Agron. La Plata, 565 (1897)
Distribution: Argentina (Chubut, Santa Cruz); Chile (Biobío, Magallanes)
85 ARG CLE
Remarks: Sect. Oliganthos
species :
Plantago tenuiflora Waldst. & Kit.; Descr. Icon. Pl. Hung.: 37 (1801)
Name: Dünnähriger Wegerich (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Austria; Slovakia; Hungary; Croatia; Serbia; Kosovo; Romania; Bulgaria; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; Ukraine; Crimea; Siberia (Altai, W-Siberia); Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Iraq (NE-Iraq); China (N-Xinjiang); ?W-Mongolia
11 AUT ger HUN SLO 13 BUL CRO KOS ROM SRB 14 KRY RUS UKR 30 SIB 32 KAZ TKM 33 ARM GEO NCS 34 IRQ 36 CHI
Remarks: sect. Micropsyllium
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago bungei Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 2: 348 (1840)
= Plantago incomta Willd. ex Ledeb.; Fl. Ross. 3: 476 (1849)
= Plantago pusilla Bunge; Verz. Suppl. Fl. Alt. 13 (1836), not Nutt. (1818)
species :
Plantago tenuipala (Rahn) Rahn; Dansk. Bot. Ark. 30: 137 (1974)
Distribution: Colombia
82 CLM
Remarks: Sect. Virginica
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago australis subsp. tenuipala Rahn; Bot. Tidsskr. 60: 54 (1964)
species :
Plantago tolucensis Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 14: 112 (1915)
Distribution: Mexico (Mexico State, Puebla, Tlaxcala, Veracruz)
79 MEX
species :
Plantago tomentosa Lam.; Tabl. Encycl. 1: 340 (1792)
Distribution: ?Galapagos; Peru; Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, La Paz, Santa Cruz, Tarija); SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais, Sao Paulo, Rio de Janeiro); S-Brazil (Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina); Paraguay (Alto Paraguay, Caaguazu, Caazapa, Central, Cordillera, Guaira, Neembucu, Paraguari, Pres. Hayes, San Pedro); Uruguay (Canelones, Colonia, Florida Prov., Lavalleja, Maldonado, Montevideo, Rio Negro, San Jose, Soriano); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Catamarca, Chaco, Cordoba, Corrientes, Entre Rios, Formosa, Jujuy, La Rioja, Mendoza, Misiones, Salta, Santiago del Estero, Santa Fe, San Juan, San Luis, Tucuman)
83 BOL PER 84 BRA 85 ARG PAR URU
Remarks: Sect. Virginica
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago achalensis f. minor Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50(2-3): 234 (1913)
= Plantago achalensis Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50: 233 (1913)
= Plantago affinis Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13: I. 725 (1852)
= Plantago arechavaletae Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50: 257 (1913)
= Plantago bicallosa var. hirsutior Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 62: 25 (1928)
= Plantago grisebachii Hieron.; Bol. Acad. Nac. Cordova 4: 52 (1881)
= Plantago hirsuta Gillies ex Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13: I. 725 (1852)
= Plantago hirtella var. glabrescens (Schltdl. ex J.A.Schmidt) Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50: 277 (1913)
= Plantago hypoleuca Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50(2-3): 225 (1913)
= Plantago oreades var. lanuginosa Griseb.; Abh. Königl. Ges. Wiss. Göttingen 24: 220 (1879)
= Plantago paralias Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13: I. 725 (1852)
= Plantago paralias subsp. affinis (Decne.) Pilg.; Notizbl. 11: 328 (1932)
= Plantago paralias subsp. dasystachys (Pilg.) Pilg.; Notizbl. Königl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 11: 328 (1932)
= Plantago paralias subsp. grisebachii (Hieron.) Pilg.; Notizbl. Königl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 11: 328 (1932)
= Plantago paralias subsp. leiocalyx (Pilg.) Pilg.; Notizbl. Königl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 11: 328 (1932)
= Plantago paralias subsp. petiolata (Pilg.) Pilg.; Notizbl. Königl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 11: 328 (1932)
= Plantago paralias subsp. schlechtendaliana (Pilg.) Pilg.; Notizbl. Königl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 11: 328 (1932)
= Plantago paralias subsp. selloana (Pilg.) Pilg.
= Plantago paralias var. achalensis (Pilg.) Pilg.; Notizbl. Königl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 11: 328 (1932)
= Plantago paralias var. brevifolia (Pilg.) Pilg.; Notizbl. Königl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 11: 328 (1932)
= Plantago paralias var. cordobensis (Pilg.) Pilg.; Notizbl. Königl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 11: 328 (1932)
= Plantago paralias var. glabrescens Pilg.; Notizbl. Königl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 11: 328 (1932)
= Plantago paralias var. lasiophylla (Pilg.) Pilg.; Notizbl. Königl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 11: 328 (1932)
= Plantago paralias var. mollior (Pilg.) Pilg.; Notizbl. Königl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 11: 328 (1932)
= Plantago paralias var. saxicola (Pilg.) Pilg.; Notizbl. Königl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 11: 328 (1932)
= Plantago tomentosa f. pusilla Chodat & Hassl.; Bull. Herb. Boissier, sér. 2, 7: 682 (1907)
= Plantago tomentosa subsp. affinis (Decne.) Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50(2-3): 243 (1913)
= Plantago tomentosa subsp. balansae Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50: 238 (1913)
= Plantago tomentosa subsp. dasystachys Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50(2-3): 242 (1913)
= Plantago tomentosa subsp. grisebachii (Hieron.) Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50(2-3): 240 (1913)
= Plantago tomentosa subsp. leiocalyx Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50(2-3): 242 (1913)
= Plantago tomentosa subsp. paralias (Decne.) Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50(2-3): 238 (1913)
= Plantago tomentosa subsp. petiolata Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50(2-3): 237 (1913)
= Plantago tomentosa subsp. schlechtendaliana Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50(2-3): 235 (1913)
= Plantago tomentosa subsp. selloana Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50(2-3): 236 (1913)
= Plantago tomentosa var. achalensis Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50(2-3): 241 (1913)
= Plantago tomentosa var. brevifolia Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 62: 22 (1928)
= Plantago tomentosa var. cordobensis Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50(2-3): 236 (1913)
= Plantago tomentosa var. glabrescens Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50(2-3): 240 (1913)
= Plantago tomentosa var. glabrescens Schltdl. ex J.A.Schmidt; Mart., Fl. Bras. 6(4): 172 (1878)
= Plantago tomentosa var. lasiophylla Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50(2-3): 239 (1913)
= Plantago tomentosa var. mollior Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50(2-3): 239 (1913)
= Plantago tomentosa var. saxicola Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50(2-3): 240 (1913)
species :
Plantago triandra Berggr.; Minneskr. Fisiog. Sallks. Lund (1877) n. 8. p. 16
Distribution: New Zealand (incl. Stewart Isl.); Chatham Isl.
51 CTM NZL
Remarks: triandra agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago hamiltonii Kirk; Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 11: 465 (1879)
= Plantago masoniae Cheeseman; Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 53: 424 (1921)
= Plantago triandra subsp. masoniae (Cheeseman) Sykes; New Zealand J. Bot. 26: 322 (1988)
species :
Plantago trichophora Merr. & L.M.Perry; J. Arnold Arbor. 30: 53 (1949)
Distribution: New Guinea (Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
species :
Plantago trinitatis Rahn; Dansk Bot. Ark. 30(2): 145 (1974)
Distribution: Ilha da Trindade
84 ITR
Remarks: Sect. Virginica
Conservation Status: highly threatened, considered extinct but recently rediscovered
species :
Plantago truncata Cham. & Schltdl.; Linnaea 1: 170 (1826)
Distribution: Chile (Valparaíso, Metropolitana de Santiago, O´Higgins, Maule, Ñuble, Biobío, Araucanía, Los Rios, Los Lagos)
85 CLE
Remarks: Sect. Virginica
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago amphibola Phil.; Anales Univ. Chile 91: 253 (1895)
= Plantago angustifolia Phil.; Anales Univ. Chile 91: 258 (1895)
= Plantago australis subsp. truncata (Cham. & Schltdl.) Rahn; Bot. Tidsskr. 60: 56 (1964)
= Plantago berteroniana Steud.; Flora 32: 407 (1849)
= Plantago bridgesii Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 725 (1852)
= Plantago bridgesii var. angustifolia Oliv.; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 27: 498 (1890)
= Plantago eschscholtziana Fisch. & C.A.Mey.; Index Seminum (LE, Petropolitanus) 3: 45 (1837)
= Plantago obscura Steud.; Flora 32: 407 (1849)
= Plantago tomentosa var. angustifolia (Phil.) Reiche; Fl. Chile [Reiche] 6: 115 (1911)
= Plantago truncata subsp. eschscholtziana (Fisch. & C.A.Mey.) Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50(2-3): 222 (1913)
= Plantago truncata var. philippii Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50(2-3): 221 (1913)
= Plantago valparadisiaca Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 725 (1852)
species :
Plantago tubulosa Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13: I. 728 (1852)
Name: Psike [Chile]
Distribution: Mexico (Mexico State, Veracruz); Guatemala; Ecuador; Peru; Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, La Paz, Oruro, Tarija); Argentina (Jujuy, La Rioja, Salta, Tucuman); Chile (Arica y Parinacota, Tarapacá, Antofagasta)
79 MEX 80 GUA 83 BOL ECU PER 85 ARG CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago tubulosa f. maxima Pilg.; Engl., Bot. Jahrh. 62: 92 (1928)
= Plantago purpusii Brandegee; Zoe 5: 238 (1907)
species :
Plantago tunetana Murb.; Act. Univ. Lund. 35: Afd. II. no. 3 (1899) 2
Distribution: Algeria; Tunisia
20 ALG TUN
species :
Plantago turficola Rahn; Bot. Tidsskr. 61: 80 (1965)
Distribution: S-Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina)
84 BRA
Remarks: Sect. Virginica
species :
Plantago turrifera B.G.Briggs, Carolin & Pulley; Contrib. New S. Wales Nation. Herb. 4(7): 396 (1973)
Distribution: Australia (Western Australia, South Australia, Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria)
50 AUS
Remarks: antarctica agg.
species :
Plantago tweedyi A.Gray; Syn. Fl. N. Am. 2: I. reprint. 390 (1886)
Name: Tweedy´s plantain
Distribution: USA (Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, New Mexico, Utah, Wyoming)
73 USA 76 USA 77 USA
Remarks: eriopoda agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago eriopoda var. tweedyi (A.Gray) B.Boivin; Naturaliste Canad. 93: 1062 (1967)
species :
Plantago udicola Meudt & Garn.-Jones; New Zealand J. Bot. 50(2): 149 (2012)
Distribution: New Zealand (South Isl.)
51 NZL
species :
Plantago uliginosa F.W.Schmidt; Mayer, Samml. Phys. Aufs. 1: 199 (1791)
subspecies :
subsp. uliginosa
Name: Kleiner Wegerich, Vielsamiger Wegerich (DE)
Distribution: England; Ireland; Denmark; Sweden; Finland; Netherlands; Belgium; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Austria; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; France; Channel Isl.; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Malta; San Marino [I]; Slovenia; Croatia; Serbia; Kosovo; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; S-European Russia; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; N-European Russia; NW-European Russia; Ukraine; Crimea; Morocco; Algeria; Egypt; Siberia (Altai, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva, W-Siberia, Yakutia); Russian Far East (Khabarovsk, Magadan [I], Primorye [I], Sakhalin); Northern Caucasus; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl.; Turkey; Lebanon; Syria; Israel; Sinai peninsula; Jordania
10 DEN FIN GRB IRE SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE NET SLO SWI 12 CIS COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MLT ROM SIC SLV sma SRB TUE 14 BLR EST KRY LAT LIT RUS UKR 20 ALG EGY MOR 30 SIB 31 RFE 33 AZE NCS 34 EAI ISR JOR LEB SIN SYR TUR
Remarks: major agg. Probably to be included in P. major (Shipunov et al. 2021)
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago biebersteinii Opiz
= Plantago crassifolia Roth; Ann. Bot. (Usteri) 14: 24 (1795), nom. illeg.
= Plantago intermedia f. longispica Marcet; 237 (1947)
= Plantago intermedia Gilib.; Syst. Pl. Eur., ed. 2, 1: 125 (1806)
= Plantago lanceolata subsp. intermedia (Gilib.) Quézel & Santa; Fl. Algerie [Quézel & Santa] 2: 864 (1963)
= Plantago major proles intermedia (Gilib.) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 10: 134 (1908)
= Plantago major proles lutulenta (Lamotte) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 10: 135 (1908)
= Plantago major subvar. microstachya (Wallr.) Hayek; Hayek & Hegi, 182 (1914)
= Plantago major subvar. pauciflora Hayek; Hayek & Hegi, 182 (1914)
= Plantago major f. brachystachya (Wallr.) D.S.Carp.; Fl. Vermont, ed. 3: 244 (1937)
= Plantago major f. intermedia (Gilib.) Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 18: 269 (1922)
= Plantago major f. leptostachya (Wallr.) Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 18: 267 (1922)
= Plantago major subsp. intermedia (DC.) Lange; Haandb. Danske Fl. ed. 2: 714 (1859)
= Plantago major subsp. intermedia (Gilib. ex DC.) Casper; Hartl & Wagenitz, 603 (1974)
= Plantago major subsp. leptostachya (Wallr.) Soó; 372 (1964)
= Plantago major subsp. lutulenta (Lamotte) P.Fourn.; Fl. Compl. Plaine Franç.: 324 (1928)
= Plantago major subsp. pleiosperma Pilg.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 269: 47 (1937), nom. illeg.
= Plantago major var. brachystachya Wallr.; Sched. Crit.: 62 (1822)
= Plantago major var. intermedia (Gilib. ex DC.) Lange; (1856)
= Plantago major var. intermedia (Gilib. ex DC.) Syme; 167 (1867), nom. illeg.
= Plantago major var. intermedia (Gilib.) Noulet; Fl. Bass. Sous-Pyrén.: 536 (1837)
= Plantago major var. leptostachya Wallr.; Sched. Crit.: 62 (1822)
= Plantago major var. microstachya Hayne; Getreue Darstell. Gew. 5: 13 (1817)
= Plantago major var. microstachya Wallr.; Sched. Crit.: 62 (1822), nom. illeg.
= Plantago major var. minima Martrin-Donos; Fl. Tarn: 581 (1864)
= Plantago major var. nana (Tratt.) M.Loehr; 559 (1852)
= Plantago major var. paludosa Bég.; Fiori et al., Fl. Anal. Italia 3: 94 (1903)
= Plantago major var. psilostachya Wallr.; Sched. Crit.: 62 (1822)
= Plantago major var. sabulosa Grecescu; 491 (1898)
= Plantago major var. uliginosa (F.W.Schmidt) Günther, Grab. & Wimm.; 28 (1824)
= Plantago major var. uliginosa (F.W.Schmidt) Ortmann; Glückselig, 97 (1842), nom. illeg.
= Plantago pumila Krock.; 227 (1823), nom. illeg.
= Plantago scopulorum (Fr. & Broberg) Pavlova; Zhurn. Russk. Bot. Obshch. Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R. 8: 94, 109 (1923 publ. 1924)
= Plantago uliginosa subsp. leptostachya (Wallr.) Tacik; 245 (1967)
= Plantago uliginosa subsp. mandakii Chrtek; Cas. Nár. Muz., Rada Prír. 173: 89 (2004)
= Plantago uliginosa var. sabulosa (Grecescu) Tacik; Pawl., 245 (1967)
= Plantago winteri f. scopulorum Lellep; Fl. Estonsko SSR 5: 244 (1973)
subspecies :
subsp. winteri (Wirtg.) Chrtek; Cas. Nár. Muz. Praze, Rada Prír. 173(1-4): 90 (2004)
Distribution: Germany (Brandenburg, Bayern, Hessen, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, +Saarland, Sachsen [I], Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Italy; Estonia; Latvia; European Russia; etc.
11 CZE GER HUN SLO 13 ITA 14 EST LAT RUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago major subsp. winteri (Wirtg.) W.Ludw.; Jahrb. Nassauischen Vereins Naturk. 92: 21 (1956)
= Plantago major var. salina F.Winter; Verh. Naturhist. Vereines Preuss. Rheinl. Westphalens 23, Correspondenzbl. 2: 44 (1866) (syn. subst, j
= Plantago uliginosa var. winteri (Wirtg.) Shipunov; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 32: 146 (2000)
= Plantago winteri Wirtg.; Verh. Naturhist. Vereines Preuss. Rheinl. Westphalens 23(Corresp. 2): 44 (1866)
species :
Plantago unibracteata Rahn; Bot. J. Linn. Soc., 120(2): 196 (1996), nom. nov.
Distribution: New Zealand
51 NZL
Remarks: triandra agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago triantha var. uniflora Pilg.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 269: 120 (1937)
= Plantago uniflora Hook.f.; Fl. Nov.-Zel. 1: 207 (1853), nom. illeg.
species :
Plantago uniglumis Wallr. ex Walp.; Nov. Act. Nat. Cur. 19: Suppl. 1: 402 (1843)
Distribution: Argentina (Chubut, Mendoza, Neuquen, Rio Negro, Santa Cruz, San Juan); Chile (Coquimbo, Valparaíso, Metropolitana de Santiago, O´Higgins, Maule, Ñuble, Aisén, Magallanes)
85 ARG CLE
Remarks: Sect. Oliganthos
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago barbata subvar. uncialis (Decne. ex Barnéoud) Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50(Suppl.): 65 (1914)
= Plantago barbata var. uncialis (Decne. ex Barnéoud) Wedd.; Chlor. Andina 2: 160 (1860)
= Plantago uncialis Decne. ex Barnéoud; Monog. Plantag. 42 (1845)
= Plantago uniflora Phil.; Anales Mus. Nac., Santiago de Chile 71 (1891), nom. illeg.
= Plantago uniglumis f. maxima Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 62: 97 (1928)
= Plantago uniglumis var. brevicuspis Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 62: 98 (1928)
species :
Plantago urvillei Opiz; Ökon.-Techn. Fl. Böhm. [Berchtold et al.] 2(1): 42(-43) (1838)
Distribution: Czech Republic; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; France; Italy; Croatia; Serbia; Kosovo; Bulgaria; Belarus; European Russia; Crimea; Siberia (Altai, Buryatia, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva, W-Siberia, Yakutia); Russian Far East (Magadan [I]); ?Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; ?Azerbaijan; China (Nei Mongol, Xinjiang)
11 CZE HUN 12 FRA POR SPA 13 BUL CRO ITA KOS SRB 14 BLR KRY RUS 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KGZ 33 ARM GEO NCS 36 CHI
Remarks: not related to P. media fide Shipunov et al. 2021
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago incana var. capitellata Salis; Flora, Beibl. 2: 12 (1834)
= Plantago media lusus longifolia G.Mey.
= Plantago media subsp. longifolia (G.Mey.) Witte
= Plantago media subsp. stepposa (Kuprian.) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 13: 304 (1967)
= Plantago media subsp. urvilleana (Rapin) Hultén; Kongl. Svenska Vetenskapsakad. Handt. ser. 4, 13(1): 286 (1971)
= Plantago media var. urvilleana Rapin; Mém. Soc. Linn. Paris 6: 453 (1827)
= Plantago stepposa Kuprian.; Fl. Yugo- Vost. Evr. Chast. SSSR, Fasc. 6: 252 (1936), cum descr. ross., et in Acta Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS, Ser. I. Fasc. 3, 280 (1937), cum descr. lat.
species :
Plantago varia R.Br.; Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland. 424 (1810)
Distribution: Australia (South Australia, Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago acutiloba Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 20: 13 (1924)
= Plantago acutiloba var. minor Pilg.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 269: 264 (1937)
= Plantago bellidioides f. runcinata (Decne.) Pilg.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 269: 268 (1937)
= Plantago consanguinea Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 703 (1852)
= Plantago intermedia Steud.; Flora 32: 414 (1849), nom. illeg.
= Plantago mitchellii Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 701 (1852)
= Plantago runcinata Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 702 (1852)
= Plantago sericophylla Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 702 (1852)
= Plantago struthionis A.Cunn. ex Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 702 (1852)
species :
Plantago veadeirensis Hassemer; Webbia 74(1): 29 (2019)
Distribution: Brazil (Goiás)
84 BRA
Remarks: Sect. Virginica
species :
Plantago ventanensis Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50: 257 (1913)
Distribution: Argentina (Buenos Aires)
85 ARG
Remarks: Sect. Virginica
species :
Plantago venturii Pilg.; Engl. Pflanzenreich, Plantaginac. 230 (1937)
Distribution: Argentina (Catamarca, Tucuman)
85 ARG
Remarks: Sect. Virginica
species :
Plantago virginica L.; Sp. Pl. 113 (1753)
Name: Virginia plantain
Distribution: Namibia [I]; South Africa [I]; China [I] (Anhui [I], Chongqing [I], Fujian [I], Hunan [I], Jiangsu [I], Jiangxi [I], Zhejiang [I]); South Korea [I]; Japan [I]; Taiwan [I]; Canada (Ontario); USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Arizona, California, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, Nebraska, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, Wisconsin, West Virginia); Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila, Hidalgo, Nuevo Leon, Oaxaca, Queretaro, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Veracruz); Bahamas [I]; Jamaica [I]
27 nam saf 36 chi 38 jap kor tai 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX 81 bah jam
Remarks: Sect. Virginica
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago accedens Raf.; Fl. Ludov. 33 (1817)
= Plantago atrofusca Raf.; Atlantic J. 1: 150 (1832)
= Plantago caroliniana Walter; Fl. Carol.: 85 (1788)
= Plantago connivens Moench; Meth. Suppl. 174 (1802)
= Plantago globosa Raf.; New Fl. 4: 11 (1838)
= Plantago gonophylla Raf.; Atlantic J. 1: 149 (1832)
= Plantago ludoviciana Raf.; Fl. Ludov. 33 (1817)
= Plantago missouriensis Steud.; Flora 32: 409 (1849)
= Plantago purpurascens Nutt. ex Rapin; Ann. Soc. Linn. Par. 6: 454 (1827), et in Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. 5: 177 (1837)
= Plantago virginica Riehl ex Steud.; Flora 32: 410 (1849), nom. illeg.
= Plantago virginica var. crassifolia Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 532 (1891)
= Plantago virginica var. longifolia A.Gray; Syn. Fl. N. Amer. 2(1): 392 (1878)
= Plantago virginica var. normalis Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 532 (1891), nom. inval.
= Plantago virginica var. progressa Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50: 216 (1913)
= Plantago virginica var. purpurascens (Nutt. ex Rapin) C.Mohr; Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 6: 736 (1901)
= Plantago virginica var. viridescens Fernald; Rhodora 40: 456, tab. 530, figs. 4-6 (1938)
species :
Plantago webbii Barnéoud; Monog. Plantag 50 (1845)
Name: Webbs Wegerich (DE); Pinillo blanco (ES)
Distribution: Canary Isl. (Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Palma)
21 CNY
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago seetzenii Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13: 1. 733 (1852)
= Psyllium webbii (Barnéoud) H.Dietr.; Wiss. Zeitschr. Friedrich-Schiller Univ. Jena, Mat. Naturwiss. 29(4): 573 (1980), without basionym ref., et 31(2): 195 (1982), with basionym ref.
= Psyllium webbii (Barnéoud) Soják; Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague). 140(3-4): 131 (1972)
species :
Plantago weddelliana Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13: I. 712 (1852)
Distribution: Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Potosí); Argentina (Salta)
83 BOL 85 ARG
Remarks: Sect. Virginica
species :
Plantago weldenii Rchb.; Fl. Germ. Excurs.: 396 (1831)
Name: Welden-Wegerich (DE); Welden´s Plantain (EN)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Austria [I]; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); Malta; Slovenia; Croatia; Montenegro; Albania; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Morocco; Western Sahara; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey; Iran; Lebanon; Syria; Israel; Jordania; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], Northern Territory [I], South Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I])
11 aut ger 12 BAL COR FRA SAR 13 ALB CRO GRC ITA KRI MLT MNT PEL SIC SLV 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN WSA 34 EAI IRN ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR 50 aus
Remarks: coronopus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago bombycina (Decne.) Sommier & Caruana; Boll. Reale Orto Bot. Palermo, n.s., 1(App. 1): 210 (1915), nom. illeg.
= Plantago commutata Guss.; Suppl. Fl. Sicul. Prodr.: 46 (1832)
= Plantago coronopus f. weldenii (Rchb.) Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 28: 293 (1930)
= Plantago coronopus subsp. commutata (Guss.) Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 28: 287 (1930)
= Plantago coronopus subsp. purpurascens (Nyman) Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 28: 303 (1930)
= Plantago coronopus subsp. scleropus (Murb.) Le Houér.; Mem. Inst. Rech. Sahar. 6: 114 "1959" (1962)
= Plantago coronopus subsp. weldenii (Rchb.) Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital.: 501 (1882)
= Plantago coronopus subvar. latior Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 28: 298 (1930)
= Plantago coronopus subvar. scleropus (Murb.) Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 28: 297 (1930)
= Plantago coronopus var. aristata Pilg.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 28: 300 (1930)
= Plantago coronopus var. commutata (Guss.) Bég.; Fl. Anal. Ital. [Fiori & Paoletti] 3: 98 (1903)
= Plantago coronopus var. filiformis (K.Koch) Pamp.; Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 24: 154 (1917)
= Plantago coronopus var. scleropus Murb.; Contr. Fl. Tunisie [Murb.]3, Acta Univ. Lund 35: 3 (1899)
= Plantago coronopus var. weldenii (Rchb.) Pott.-Alap.; Fl. Algerie [Quézel & Santa] 2: 862 (1963)
= Plantago filiformis K.Koch; Linnaea 21: 709 (1848)
= Plantago macrorhiza subsp. purpurascens Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 617 (1881)
= Plantago macrorhiza subsp. weldenii (Rchb.) Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital.: 501 (1882)
= Plantago purpurascens Willk.; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 25: 110 (1875) (non Rapin 1827)
= Plantago serraria subsp. purpurascens (Nyman) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. (1880)
= Plantago weldenii subsp. purpurascens (Nyman) Greuter & Burdet; Willdenowia 12: 199 (1982)
= Plantago weldenii var. commutata (Guss.) Gamisans; Plantaginaceae: Compl. Prodr. Fl. Corse: 29 (1988)
= Plantago weldenii var. purpurascens (Nyman) Gamisans; Plantaginaceae: Compl. Prodr. Fl. Corse: 29 (1988)
species :
Plantago wrightiana Decne.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13: I. 712 (1852)
Name: Wright´s plantain
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Arizona, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, New Mexico, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, West Virginia); Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Tamaulipas)
74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX
Remarks: Subgen. Albicans
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago linearis Raf.; New Fl. 4: 11 (1838), nom. illeg.
species :
Plantago zoellneriana Hassemer; Phytotaxa 340(2): 141 (2018), nom. nov.
Distribution: Chile (Maule, Biobío)
85 CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago sericea subsp. araucana Rahn; Nordic J. Bot. 3(3): 339 (1983)
species :
Plantago ×argyrostachys Borbás; Magyar Bot. Lapok 7: 239 (1907)
Distribution: Europe
Remarks: P. lanceolata x media
species :
Plantago ×mixta Domin; Vestn. Král. Ceské Spolecn. Nauk. Tr. Mat.-Prír. 17: 40 (1932 publ. 1933)
Distribution: Europe
Remarks: P. major x media
Synonyms: hidden
= Plantago ×incerta P.Fourn.; Quatre Fl. France: 851 (1938)
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A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 18.4 (Feb. 11th, 2024)

Covering 354,025 accepted species,
9,095 hybrids, 47,879 accepted infraspecific taxa and 995,101 synonyms,
in total 1,406,100* names

[*about 25,000 dubious, "unplaced" names and about 4,000 invalid names (Art. 24.3) like "typicus" are deliberately omitted]


With complete, detailed distribution data (countries and regions) and literature references

Arranged in linear phylogenetic sequence reflecting true relationships

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With 38,290 pictures of 15,532 species

Assembled through 40 years independently from other databases

In cooperation with Catalogue of Life