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Ver. 18.4
Feb. 11th, 2024

180.0000 Family Platanaceae T.Lestib.; Botanogr. Elém.: 526 (1826), nom. cons.
1 genus, 8 spp.
Species listed in database: 8; hybrids: 1
= Plataneae Juss. ex Duby; Bot. Gall. 1: 430 (1828)
= Platanineae J.Presl; Nowoceská Bibl. [Wsobecný Rostl.] 7: 1359 [´1258´], 1379 (1846)
= Platanoideae Arn.; Botany: 131 (1832)
180.0001 Genus Platanus L.; Sp. Pl. 999 (1753)
Distribution: North and Central America, Mediterranean to C-Asia and W-Himalaya, Indochina
Species listed in database: 8; hybrids: 1
species :
Platanus gentryi Nixon & J.M.Poole; Lundellia 6: 118 (2003)
Distribution: Mexico (Chihuahua, Sinaloa, Sonora)
79 MEX
species :
Platanus kerrii Gagnep.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France. 86: 301 (1939)
Distribution: Laos; Vietnam
41 LAO VIE
species :
Platanus mexicana Moric.; Pl. Nouv. Am. 39. t. 26 (1837)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Coahuila, Ciudad de Mexico, Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Mexico State, Nuevo Leon, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Tamaulipas, Veracruz); Guatemala
79 MEX 80 GUA
Synonyms: hidden
= Platanus chiapensis Standl.; Contr. U. S. Nat. Herb. 20: 212 (1919)
= Platanus glabrata Fernald; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 36: 493 (1901)
= Platanus lindeniana M.Martens & Galeotti; Bull. Acad. Roy. Sci. Bruxelles 10(2): 342 (1843)
= Platanus mexicana var. peltata Jaennicke; Nova Acta Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. German. Nat. Cur. 77: 121 (1899)
= Platanus oaxacana Standl.; Contr. U. S. Nat. Herb. 20: 213 (1919)
= Platanus occidentalis var. glabrata (Fernald) Sarg.; Bot. Gaz. 67: 230 (1919)
= Platanus occidentalis var. lindeniana (M.Martens & Galeotti) Jaennicke; Nova Acta Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. German. Nat. Cur. 77: 118 (1899)
= Platanus orientalis var. lindeniana (M.Martens & Galeotti) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 636 (1891)
variant :
var. interior Nixon & J.M.Poole; Lundellia 6: 127 (2003)
Distribution: Mexico (Queretaro, Guanajuato, San Luis Potosi)
79 MEX
species :
Platanus occidentalis L.; Sp. Pl. 2: 999 (1753)
Name: American sycamore (EN), Nordamerikanische Platane (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Slovakia [I]; Serbia; Kosovo [I]; European Russia [I]; Turkmenistan [I]; Tajikistan [I]; Northern Caucasus [I]; Georgia [Caucasus] [I]; China [I] (Henan [I], Hebei [I], Hubei [I], Hunan [I], Shanxi [I], Nei Mongol [I]); South Korea [I]; Canada (Ontario); USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, Vermont, Wisconsin, West Virginia); Mexico (Coahuila, Nuevo Leon, San Luis Potosi); Ecuador [I]
11 ger slo 13 kos SRB 14 rus 32 tkm tzk 33 geo ncs 36 chi 38 kor 72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX 83 ecu
Synonyms: hidden
= Platanus densicoma Dode; Bull. Soc. Dendrol. France 7: 67 (1908)
= Platanus excelsa Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 393 (1796)
= Platanus hispanica var. pyramidalis Vigouroux ex Geerinck; Taxonomaniac 1: 14 (2001)
= Platanus integrifolia K.Koch; Dendrologie 2(1): 469 (1872)
= Platanus lobata Moench; Methodus (Moench) 358 (1794)
= Platanus occidentalis f. attenuata Sarg.; Bot. Gaz. 67: 229 (1919)
= Platanus occidentalis var. palmeri (Kuntze) Nixon & J.M.Poole ex D.Geerinck; Belgian J. Bot., 130(2): 127 (1998)
= Platanus orientalis var. occidentalis (L.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 636 (1891)
= Platanus orientalis var. palmeri Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 636 (1891)
= Platanus pyramidalis Dippel; Handb. Laubholzk. iii 279 (1893)
= Platanus vulgaris subsp. occidentalis (L.) R.C.V.Douin; Bonnier & R. C. V. Douin, 53 (1929), nom. illeg.
= Platanus vulgaris var. angulosa Spach; Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 2, 15: 293 (1841)
species :
Platanus orientalis L.; Sp. Pl. 999 (1753)
Name: Morgenländische Platane (DE); Oriental Plane tree (EN)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Slovakia [I]; Italy; Sicily; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; European Russia; Morocco [I]; Algeria [I]; Tunisia [I]; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; ?Armenia; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (N-Anatolia, S-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq); Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, S-Iran, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Badakshan, Baghlan, Bamyan, Herat, Kunar / Nuristan, Nangarhar, Takhar); Cyprus (C-Mountains, S-Cyprus); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, C-Syrian Desert); Israel (Rift Valley, N-Israel); Jordania (W-Jordania); China [I]; South Korea [I]; Taiwan [I]; Pakistan; N-India (Jammu & Kashmir); New Zealand [I]
11 ger slo 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MNT NMA SIC SLV SRB 14 RUS 20 alg mor tun 32 TKM TZK UZB 33 AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR 36 chi 38 kor tai 40 IND PAK 51 nzl
Synonyms: hidden
= Platanus algeriensis K.Koch; Dendrologie 2(1): 468 (1872)
= Platanus cretica Dode; Bull. Soc. Dendrol. France 7: 60 (1908)
= Platanus elongata Steud.; Nomencl. Bot. (Steud.) 632 (1821)
= Platanus insularis Kotschy ex Koehne; Deutsche Dendrol. 206 (1893)
= Platanus laciniata K.Koch; Dendrologie 2(1): 468 (1872)
= Platanus macrophylla Cree ex W.H.Baxter; Hort. Brit. (Loudon), ed. 3. 659 (1839)
= Platanus nana K.Koch; Dendrologie 2(1): 470 (1872)
= Platanus nepalensis W.H.Baxter; Suppl. Hort. Brit. (Loudon) 612 (1850)
= Platanus orientalior Dode; Bull. Soc. Dendr. France, 57 (1908)
= Platanus orientalis var. elongata Aiton; Hort. Kew. 3: 364 (1789)
= Platanus orientalis var. insularis A.DC.; Prodr. (DC.) 16: 159 (1864)
= Platanus orientalis var. undulata Aiton; Hort. Kew. 3: 364 (1789)
= Platanus palmata Moench; Methodus (Moench) 358 (1794), nom. illeg.
= Platanus pyramidalis Bolle ex Koehne; Deutsche Dendrol. 206 (1893)
= Platanus reuteri K.Koch; Dendrologie 2(1): 468 (1872)
= Platanus umbraculifera K.Koch; Dendrologie 2(1): 468 (1872)
= Platanus umbrosa Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 393 (1796)
= Platanus undulata Steud.; Nomencl. Bot. (Steud.) 632 (1821)
= Platanus vitifolia Spach ex Dippel; Handb. Laubholzk. 3: 276 (1893)
= Platanus vulgaris Spach; Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 2, 15: 291 (1841)
= Platanus vulgaris subsp. orientalis (L.) R.C.V.Douin; Bonnier & R. C. V. Douin, 53 (1929), nom. illeg.
species :
Platanus racemosa Nutt. ex Audubon; Birds Am. 4: t. 362, et N. Am. Sylva, Suppl. 1: 47. t. 15 (1842)
Name: California sycamore
Distribution: USA (California); Mexico (Baja California Norte, Chihuahua, Sinaloa, Sonora)
76 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Platanus californica Benth.; Bot. Voy. Sulph. 54 (1844)
= Platanus occidentalis Hook. & Arn.; Bot. Beechey Voy. 160 (1833), non L.
= Platanus orientalis var. racemosa (Nutt.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 636 (1891)
species :
Platanus rzedowskii Nixon & J.M.Poole; Lundellia 6: 129 (2003)
Distribution: Mexico (Coahuila, Nuevo Leon, Queretaro, Tamaulipas, San Luis Potosi, Veracruz)
79 MEX
species :
Platanus wrightii S.Watson; Proc. Am. Acad. 10: 349 (1875)
Name: Arizona sycamore
Distribution: USA (Arizona, New Mexico); Mexico (Chihuahua, Sinaloa, Sonora)
76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Platanus mexicana Torr.; W. H. Emory, Not. Milit. Reconn. 2: 151 (1848)
= Platanus racemosa subsp. wrightii (S.Watson) A.E.Murray; Kalmia 12: 23 (1982)
= Platanus racemosa var. wrightii (S.Watson) L.D.Benson; Amer. J. Bot. 30: 237 (1943)
species :
Platanus ×hispanica Mill. ex Münchh.; Hausvater 5: 229 (1770)
Name: Spanische Platane, Bastard-Platane (DE), London planetree (EN)
Distribution: Europe [c] (widespread); Germany [c]; Switzerland [c]; Liechtenstein [c]; Slovakia [c]; Hungary [c]; Hungary [c]; Portugal [c]; Spain [c]; Baleares [c]; Channel Isl. [c]; Slovenia [c]; Croatia [c]; Bosnia & Hercegovina [c]; Montenegro [c]; Serbia; Kosovo [c]; Madeira [c]; Mauritius [c]; La Réunion [c]; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; China [c]; South Korea [c]; Australia [c]; New Zealand [c; Canada [c] (Ontario [c]); USA [c] (Massachusetts [c], New York [c], Pennsylvania [c]); Bolivia [c]
11 ger hun lie slo swi 12 bal cis por spa 13 bih cro kos mnt slv SRB 21 mdr 29 mau reu 33 ARM GEO NCS 36 chi 38 kor 50 aus 72 cdn 75 usa 83 bol
Remarks: Platanus orientalis x occidentalis
Synonyms: hidden
= Platanus occidentalis var. hispanica (Mill. ex Münchh.) Burgsd.; 172 (1787)
= Platanus orientalis var. acerifolia Aiton; Hort. Kew. 3: 364 (1789)
= Platanus ×acerifolia (Aiton) Willd.; Sp. Pl. 4: 474 (1805)
= Platanus ×acerifolia var. cuneata (Willd.) Hegi; 661 (1922)
= Platanus ×acerifolia var. liquidambarifolia (Spach) Hegi; 660 (1922)
= Platanus ×cantabrigensis A.Henry; Proc. Roy. Irish Acad. 35: 21 (1919)
= Platanus ×cuneata Willd.; Sp. Pl., ed. 4, 4: 473 (1805)
= Platanus ×dubia E.H.L.Krause; J. Sturm, Deutschl. Fl. Abbild., ed. 2, 7: 152 (1902)
= Platanus ×hybrida Brot.; Fl. Lusit. 2: 487 (1804)
= Platanus ×parviloba A.Henry; Proc. Roy. Irish Acad., B 35: 22 (1919)
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A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 18.4 (Feb. 11th, 2024)

Covering 354,025 accepted species,
9,095 hybrids, 47,879 accepted infraspecific taxa and 995,101 synonyms,
in total 1,406,100* names

[*about 25,000 dubious, "unplaced" names and about 4,000 invalid names (Art. 24.3) like "typicus" are deliberately omitted]


With complete, detailed distribution data (countries and regions) and literature references

Arranged in linear phylogenetic sequence reflecting true relationships

Fully searchable and continously updated

With 38,290 pictures of 15,532 species

Assembled through 40 years independently from other databases

In cooperation with Catalogue of Life