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Ver. 18.4
Feb. 11th, 2024

063.0000 Family Cupressaceae Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 222 (1822), nom. cons.
ca. 30 genera, ca. 160 spp. Phylogeny see Yang et al. (2012)
Species listed in database: 145; hybrids: 10
= Actinostrobaceae Lotsy; Vortr. Bot. Stammesgesch. 3: 98 (1911)
= Arceuthidaceae A.V.Bobrov & Melikyan; Komarovia 4: 79 (2006)
= Athrotaxidoideae L.Chu Li; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 30(4): 339 (1992)
= Athrotaxidaceae Doweld; Prosyllab. Tracheophyt.: xix (2001)
= Cryptomeriaceae Gorozh.; Lekts. Morf. Sist. Archegon.: 88 (1904)
= Cunninghamiaceae Siebold & Zucc.; Fl. Jap. 2: 1, 3 (1842)
= Diselmaceae A.V.Bobrov & Melikyan; Komarovia 4: 96 (2006)
= Fitzroyaceae A.V.Bobrov & Melikyan; Komarovia 4: 80 (2006)
= Juniperaceae J.Presl & C.Presl; Delic. Prag.: 142 (1822)
= Libocedraceae Doweld; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 33: 42 (2001)
= Limnopityaceae Hayata; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 46: 25 (1932)
= Metasequoiaceae S.Miki ex Hu & W.C.Cheng; Bull. Fan Mem. Inst. Biol., ser. 2, 1: 154 (1948)
= Microbiotaceae Nakai; Tyosen-Sanrin 165: 13 (1938)
= Neocallitropsidaceae Doweld; Prosyllab. Tracheophyt.: xx (2001)
= Pilgerodendraceae A.V.Bobrov & Melikyan; Komarovia 4: 87 (2006)
= Platycladaceae A.V.Bobrov & Melikyan; Komarovia 4: 97 (2006)
= Sequoiaceae K.Koch ex Luerss.; Grundz. Bot.: 265 (1877)
= Taiwaniaceae Hayata; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 46: 26 (1932)
= Taxodiaceae Saporta; Ann. Sci. Nat.,Bot., ser. 5, 4: 44 (1865), nom. cons.
= Tetraclinaceae Hayata; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 46: 27 (1932)
= Thujaceae Burnett; Outl. Bot.: 502, 1149 (1835)
= Thujopsidaceae Bessey; Nebraska Univ. Stud. 7: 325 (1907)
= Widdringtoniaceae Doweld; Prosyllab. Tracheophyt.: xx (2001)
063.6011 Genus Platycladus Spach; Hist. Nat. Veg. Phan.: 11, 333 (1842)
Distribution: China, widely cultivated
Species listed in database: 1
= Biota D.Don; Lamb. Pinet. ed. II. 2: 129 (1828) (D. Don) Endl., Conif. 46 (1847)
species :
Platycladus orientalis (L.) Franco; Portug. Acta Biol., Ser. B, Vol. Julio Henriques, 33 (1949)
Name: Morgenländischer Lebensbaum, Chinese arborvitae.
Distribution: Germany [c]; Slovakia [I]; Hungary [c]; Italy [I]; San Marino [c]; Slovenia [I]; Croatia [I]; Bosnia & Hercegovina [I]; Serbia; Kosovo [c]; European Russia [I]; Morocco [I]; Algeria [I]; Mozambique [I]; Cameroon [I]; D.R.Congo [Zaire] [I]; Mauritius [I]; Chagos Arch. [I] (Diego Garcia [I]); Russian Far East (Amur, Khabarovsk); Turkmenistan [I]; Uzbekistan [I]; Tajikistan [I]; Northern Caucasus [I]; Georgia [Caucasus] [I]; Iran [I]; Saudi Arabia [I]; China (S-Gansu, Hebei, Henan, Shaanxi, Shanxi); South Korea [I]; Japan [I]; Taiwan [I]; Bhutan [I]; India [I]; Bangladesh [I]; Myanmar [I]; Laos [I]; Cambodia [I]; Java [I]; Northern Marianas [I] (Tinian [I], Rota Isl. [I]); Guam [I]; Fed. States of Micronesia [I] (Pohnpei [I]); Marshall Isl. [I] (Majuro [I]); USA [I] (Florida [I]); Mexico [I]; Belize [I]; Honduras [I]; Costa Rica [I]; Cuba [I]; Puerto Rico [I]; Virgin Isl. [I] (St. Croix [I]); Colombia [I]; Venezuela [I]; Bolivia [I]
11 ger hun slo 13 bih cro ita kos slv sma SRB 14 rus 20 alg mor 23 cmn zai 26 moz 29 cgs mau 31 RFE 32 tkm tzk uzb 33 geo ncs 34 irn 35 sau 36 CHI 38 jap kor tai 40 ban bhu ind 41 cbd lao mya 42 jaw 62 gum mic mrn mrs 78 usa 79 mex 80 blz cos hon 81 cub pue vir 82 clm ven 83 bol
Remarks: some synonyms might belong to Xanthocyparis pendula
Conservation Status: IUCN R
Synonyms: hidden
= Biota chengii Bordères & Gaussen; Trav. Lab. For. Toulouse, Tome II. Sect. 1 1: Pt. 2, 11 (Gymnosp. Act. &Foss.) Chap. 13, 235, in clavi, 236 (1968) (sine descr. lat.)
= Biota coraeana Siebold ex Gordon; Pinet. Suppl. 17 (1862)
= Biota dumosa Carrière; Conif. ed. II. 96 (1867)
= Biota elegantissima Beissn.; Handb. Nadelholzk. 60 (1891)
= Biota excelsa Gordon; Pinet. Suppl. 17 (1862)
= Biota falcata Carrière; Conif. ed. II. 96 (1867)
= Biota fernandiana Lavallée; Arb. Segrez. 277 (1877) (nomen)
= Biota fortunei Carrière; Conif. ed. II. 94 (1867)
= Biota freneloides Hort.Belg. ex Gordon; Pinet. 35 (1858)
= Biota funiculata Gordon; Pinet. ed. II. 52 (1862)
= Biota glauca Carrière; Conif. ed. II. 100 (1867)
= Biota gracilifolia Knight; Syn. Conif. 16 (1847)
= Biota intermedia Gordon; Pinet. 35 (1858)
= Biota japonica Siebold ex Gordon; Pinet. 33 (1858)
= Biota japonica var. pendula Stelzner; Ind. Bibl. Hort. Belg. 32 (1887)
= Biota macrocarpa Gordon; Pinet. ed. II. 422 (1862)
= Biota nepalensis Endl. ex Gordon; Pinet. 35 (1858)
= Biota orientalis (L.) Endl.; Conif. 47 (1847)
= Biota orientalis f.compacta Beissn.
= Biota orientalis var. argentea Rafarin; Rev. Hort. (Paris) 46: 74 (1874)
= Biota orientalis var. ascotensis Gordon; Pinetum ed. 2: 422 (1875)
= Biota orientalis var. aurea Carrière; Man. Gén. Pl. 4: 321 (1857)
= Biota orientalis var. beverleyensis Hu; Manual Econ. Pl. 131 (1955)
= Biota orientalis var. cristata Carrière; Traité Gén. Conif. ed. 2: 97 (1867)
= Biota orientalis var. cupressoides Carrière; Traité Gén. Conif. ed. 2: 97 (1867)
= Biota orientalis var. dumosa Verschaff. & Van Geert; Ind. Bibl. Hort. Belg. 32 (1887)
= Biota orientalis var. elegantissima Rollison ex Gordon; Pinetum Suppl.: 17 (1862)
= Biota orientalis var. falcata (Veitch) Carrière; Traité Gén. Conif. ed. 2: 96 (1867)
= Biota orientalis var. fernandiana Lavallée; Énum. Arbres 277 (1877)
= Biota orientalis var. filiformis (Lodd. ex Lindl.) Henkel & W.Hochst.; Syn. Nadelholz. 272 (1865)
= Biota orientalis var. filiformis-erecta Van Houtte; Fl. Serres 17(Misc.): 120 (1867)
= Biota orientalis var. macrocarpa (R.Sm.) Gordon; Pinetum ed. 2: 422 (1875)
= Biota orientalis var. monstrosa Van Geert; Ind. Bibl. Hort. Belg. 32 (1887)
= Biota orientalis var. pendula (Thunb.) Carrière; Traité Gén. Conif. ed. 2: 100 (1867)
= Biota orientalis var. semperaurescens Lemoine ex Gordon; Pinetum ed. 2: 422 (1875)
= Biota orientalis var. sieboldii Van Geert; Ind. Bibl. Hort. Belg. 33 (1887)
= Biota orientalis var. verschaffeltii Lem.; Ill. Hort. 9: 324 (1862)
= Biota prostrata hort.; ex Gord. Pinetum, ed. 2, 401 (1875)
= Biota pyramidalis Carrière; Conif. ed. I. 96 (1855)
= Biota semperaurescens Beissn.; Handb. Nadelholzk. 60 (1891)
= Biota stricta Lindl. & Gordon; J. Hort. Soc. 5: 205 (1850)
= Biota tatarica Lindl. & Gordon; J. Hort. Soc. 5: 205 (1850)
= Biota variegata Gordon; Pinet. 34 (1858)
= Biota wareana Gordon; Pinet. Suppl. 104 (1862)
= Biota zuccarini Siebold ex Carrière; Conif. ed. II. 94 (1867)
= Chamaecyparis decussata Carrière; Conif. ed. II. 140 (1867)
= Chamaecyparis ericoides Carrière; Conif. ed. II. 140 (1867)
= Chamaecyparis glauca Carrière; Conif. ed. I. 141 (1855)
= Cupressus filiformis Beissn.; Handb. Nadelholzk. 63 (1891)
= Cupressus patula Pers.; Syn. Pl. [Persoon] 2(2): 580 (1807)
= Cupressus thuya O.Targ.Tozz.; Ann. Mus. Imp. Fis. Firenze reimpr. 3-5: 72 (1810)
= Juniperus ericoides Carrière; Conif. ed. II. 140 (1867)
= Juniperus meldensis Hori ex Mast.; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 18: 495 (1881)
= Platycladus chengii (Bordères & Gaussen) A.V.Bobrov; 14. Symp. Biodivers. & Evolutionsbiol. Jena 1999 (ed. H. Manitz & F. H. Hellwig): 18 (1999)
= Platycladus orientalis subsp. chengii (Bordères & Gaussen) Silba; J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 13(1): 19 (2006)
= Platycladus stricta Spach; Hist. Veg. Phan. 11: 335 (1842)
= Retinispora decurvata Carrière; Conif. ed. II. 141 (1867)
= Retinispora decussata Gordon; Pinet. ed. II. 364 (1862)
= Retinispora ericoides Zucc. ex Gordon; Pinet. Suppl. 91 (1862)
= Retinispora flavescens Beissn.; Handb. Nadelholzk. 58 (1891)
= Retinispora juniperoides Carrière; Conif. ed. II. 140 (1867)
= Retinispora recurvata Mast.; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 18: 495 (1881)
= Retinispora rigida Carrière; Conif. ed. II. 141 (1867)
= Thuja antarctica Gordon; Pinet. Suppl. 102 (1862)
= Thuja argentea Carrière; Conif. ed. I. 94 (1855)
= Thuja aurea Carrière; Conif. ed. I. 96 (1855)
= Thuja australis Ten.; Mem. Acc. Sci. Borbás Nap. 3: II. 35 (1832)
= Thuja chengii Bordères & Gaussen; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Toulouse 83: 284 (1939)
= Thuja cupressoides Carrière; Conif. ed. II. 97 (1867)
= Thuja decora Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 398 (1796)
= Thuja dumosa Gordon; Pinet. Suppl. 102 (1862)
= Thuja elegantissima Gordon; Pinet. Suppl. 17 (1862)
= Thuja ericoides Carrière; Conif. ed. II. 141 (1867)
= Thuja expansa Laws. ex K.Koch; Dendrologie 2: II. 182 (1873)
= Thuja falcata Carrière; Conif. ed. II. 96 (1867)
= Thuja filiformis Lodd. ex Lindl.; Bot. Reg. (1842) t. 20
= Thuja flagelliformis Carrière; Conif. ed. II. 101 (1867)
= Thuja fortunei Carrière; Conif. ed. II. 94 (1867)
= Thuja freneloides Hort.; Conif. ed. I. 93 (1855)
= Thuja funiculata Gordon; Pinet. ed. II. 52 (1862)
= Thuja glauca Carrière; Conif. ed. I. 95 (1855)
= Thuja gracilifolia Knight ex Parl.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 16(2,2): 459 (1868)
= Thuja heverleyensis L.H.Bailey; Cult. Conif. N. Amer. 174 (1933), syn.
= Thuja hybrida Carrière; Conif. ed. II. 102 (1867)
= Thuja intermedia Gordon; Pinet. Suppl. 18 (1862)
= Thuja macrocarpa Hort.; Blumeng., ed. 3, Siebold & Voss 1: 1226 (1895), syn.
= Thuja meldensis Quetier; Hérincq, Hortic. Franc. 5: 231 (1855)
= Thuja minor Paul ex Gordon; Pinet. Suppl. 102 (1862)
= Thuja monstrosa Gordon; Pinet. Suppl. 18 (1862)
= Thuja nana Carrière; Conif. ed. I. 93, 11. 110 (1855)
= Thuja nepalensis Lodd. ex G.Don; Loudon Hort. Brit. 388 ex Carrière, Conif. ed. I. 92 (1855)
= Thuja orientalis f. sieboldii (Endl.) Rehder; Bibliogr. Cult. Trees 48 (1949)
= Thuja orientalis L.; Sp. Pl. 1002 (1753)
= Thuja orientalis var. argyi Lemée & H.Lév.; Monde Pl. 17: 15 (1915)
= Thuja orientalis var. aurea-conspicua Rehder; Cycl. Amer. Hort. 4: 1804 (1902)
= Thuja orientalis var. beverleyensis Rehder; Man. Cult. Trees ed. 2: 54 (1940)
= Thuja orientalis var. conspicua Berckm. ex Rehder; Man. Cult. Trees 23 (1927)
= Thuja orientalis var. flagelliformis Jacques; Monogr. Conif. 25 (1837)
= Thuja orientalis var. pendula (Thunb.) Mast.; J. Roy. Hort. Soc. 14: 253 (1892)
= Thuja orientalis var. sieboldii C.Lawson; Abietineae- List Pl. Fir Tribe 55 (1851)
= Thuja pygmaea Carrière; Conif. ed. II. 96 (1867)
= Thuja pyramidalis Ten.; Mcm. Acc. Sci. Borbás Nap. 3: II. (1832) 35, t. 2
= Thuja pyramidalis var. stricta John M.Mill.; Bristol Nurs. 14 (1826)
= Thuja semperaurea Beissn.; Handb. Nadelholzk. 60 (1891)
= Thuja semperaurescens K.Koch; Dendrologie 2: II. 183 (1873)
= Thuja stricta Gordon; Pinetum Suppl. 17 (1862)
= Thuja tatarica Lodd. ex G.Don; Loudon Hort. Brit. 388 (1830) (nomen)
= Thuja variegata Carrière; Conif. ed I. 94 (1855)
= Thuja verschaffelti Parl.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 16(2,2): 462 (1868)
= Thuja zuccarini Carrière; Conif. ed. II. 94 (1867)
= Thuja zuccariniana Vilm.; Blumeng., ed. 3, Siebold & Voss 1: 1226 (1895), syn.
= Widdringtonia glauca Carrière; Conif. ed. II. 61 (1867)
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A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 18.4 (Feb. 11th, 2024)

Covering 354,025 accepted species,
9,095 hybrids, 47,879 accepted infraspecific taxa and 995,101 synonyms,
in total 1,406,100* names

[*about 25,000 dubious, "unplaced" names and about 4,000 invalid names (Art. 24.3) like "typicus" are deliberately omitted]


With complete, detailed distribution data (countries and regions) and literature references

Arranged in linear phylogenetic sequence reflecting true relationships

Fully searchable and continously updated

With 38,290 pictures of 15,532 species

Assembled through 40 years independently from other databases

In cooperation with Catalogue of Life