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Ver. 18.4
Feb. 11th, 2024

453.0000 Family Rubiaceae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 196 (1789), nom. cons.
589 genera, ca. 14.200 spp. mostly tropics, comparably few temperate
Species listed in database: 14178; hybrids: 48
= Aparinaceae Hoffmanns. & Link; Fl. Portug. 2: 3, 38 (1813-1829)
= Asperulaceae Cham. ex Spenn.; Handb. Angew. Bot. 2: 493 (1835)
= Catesbaeaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 111 (1820)
= Cephalanthaceae Raf.; Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. Bruxelles 6: 86 (1820)
= Cinchonaceae Batsch; Tab. Affin. Regni Veg.: 234 (1802)
= Coffeaceae Batsch; Tab. Affin. Regni Veg.: 233 (1802)
= Coutareaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 168 (1820)
= Dialypetalanthaceae Rizzini & Occhioni; Lilloa 17: 253 (1948), nom. cons.
= Galiaceae Lindl.; Nat. Syst. Bot., ed. 2: 249 (1836)
= Gardeniaceae Dumort.; Anal. Fam. Pl.: 29, 32 (1829)
= Guettardaceae Batsch; Tab. Affin. Regni Veg.: 235 (1802)
= Hameliaceae Mart.; Consp. Regn. Veg.: 31 (1835)
= Hedyotidaceae Dumort.; Comment. Bot.: 57 (1822)
= Henriqueziaceae Bremek.; Acta Bot. Neerl. 6 (Meded. Bot. Mus. Herb. Rijksuniv. Utrecht 141): 371 (1957)
= Houstoniaceae Raf.; Good Book: 21 (1840)
= Hydrophylacaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 318 (1820)
= Lippayaceae Meisn.; Pl. Vasc. Gen.: Tab. Diagn. 156, Comm. 112 (1838)
= Lygodisodeaceae Bartl.; Ord. Nat. Pl.: 123, 207 (1830)
= Naucleaceae Wernham; New Phytol. 11: 225 (1912)
= Nonateliaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 420 (1820)
= Operculariaceae Juss. ex Perleb; Vers. Arzneikr. Pfl.: 207 (1818)
= Pagamaeaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 447 (1820)
= Psychotriaceae F.Rudolphi; Syst. Orb. Veg.: 49 (1830)
= Randiaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 534 (1820)
= Sabiceaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 555 (1820)
= Spermacoceaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 256 (1820)
= Theligonaceae Dumort.; Anal. Fam. Pl.: 15, 17 (1829), nom. cons.
453.2601 Genus Plocama Aiton; Hort. Kew. ed. I. 1: 292 (1789) 3: 508
Distribution: Canary Isl., Mediterranean, N-Africa to C-Asia, south to Socotra and NE-Africa, 1 South Africa. Choulettia, Pterogaillonia and Aitchisonia might be separate genera.
Species listed in database: 37
= Bartlingia Rchb.; Flora 7: 241 (1824)
= Choulettia Pomel; Nouv. Mat. Fl. Atl.: 81 (1874)
= Crocyllis E.Mey. ex Hook.f.; Benth. & Hook.f., Gen. Pl. 2: 136 (1873)
= Gaillonia A.Rich. ex DC.; Prodr. 4: 574 (1830)
= Jaubertia Guill.; Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 2, 16: 60 (1841)
= Neogaillonia Lincz.; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 10: 226 (1973)
= Placodium Benth. & Hook.f.; Gen. Pl. 2: 136 (1873), sphalm.
= Pseudogaillonia Lincz.; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 10: 235 (1973)
= Pterogaillonia Lincz.; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 10: 233 (1973)
= Putoria Pers.; Syn. Pl. 1: 524 (1805)
species :
Plocama afghanica (Ehrend.) M.Backlund & Thulin; Taxon 56(2): 323 (2007)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Farah, Ghorat, Kandahar, Orozgan / Daykundi, Zabul); Pakistan (Quetta)
34 AFG 40 PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Gaillonia afghanica Ehrend.; K. Danske Vid. Selsk., Biol. Skrift. 10: No. 3 (Symb. Afghan. IV.) 122(1959)
= Neogaillonia afghanica (Ehrend.) Lincz.; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 10: 230 (1973)
species :
Plocama alshehbazii F.O.Khass., Khamraeva, Khuzhan. & Achilova; Stapfia 101: 25 (2014)
Distribution: Uzbekistan
32 UZB
species :
Plocama asperuliformis (Lincz.) M.Backlund & Thulin; Taxon 56(2): 323 (2007)
Distribution: Tajikistan (Pamir); Afghanistan (Badakshan, Kunar / Nuristan, Paktia / Khost); Pakistan (Chitral)
32 TZK 34 AFG 40 PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Gaillonia asperuliformis Lincz.; Kom., Fl. URSS 23: 689 (1958)
= Gaillonia chitralensis Nazim.; Fl. Pakistan, 190: 106 (1989)
= Gaillonia kerstanii Ehrend.; K. Danske Vid. Selsk., Biol. Skrift. 10: No. 3 (Symb. Afghan. IV.) 117(1959)
= Neogaillonia asperuliformis (Lincz.) Lincz.; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 10: 230 (1973)
= Neogaillonia kerstanii (Ehrend.) Lincz.; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 10: 230 (1973)
species :
Plocama aucheri (Guill.) M.Backlund & Thulin; Taxon 56(2): 323 (2007)
Distribution: Iran (EC-Iran, E-Iran, S-Iran, S-Iran, W-Iran); Afghanistan; Sinai peninsula; Saudi Arabia (Asir); Saudi Arabia (Rub al Khali); United Arab Emirates; Oman (Dhofar, Mascat & Oman); Pakistan (Baluchistan)
34 AFG IRN SIN 35 OMA SAU UAE 40 PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Gaillonia aucheri (Guill.) Jaub. & Spach; Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 2, 20: 87 (1843)
= Jaubertia aucheri Guill.; Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 2, 16: 60 (1841)
= Neogaillonia aucheri (Guill.) Puff; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 84(4): 375 (1982)
species :
Plocama botschantzevii (Lincz.) M.Backlund & Thulin; Taxon 56(2): 323 (2007)
Distribution: Uzbekistan
32 UZB
Synonyms: hidden
= Gaillonia botschantzevii (Lincz.) Ehrend. & Schönb.-Tem.; Fl. Iranica 176: 25 (2005)
= Neogaillonia botschantzevii Lincz.; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 10: 232 (1973)
species :
Plocama brevifolia (Coss. & Durieu ex Pomel) M.Backlund & Thulin; Taxon 56(2): 519 (2007)
subspecies :
subsp. brevifolia
Distribution: Morocco; Algeria
20 ALG MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Putoria brevifolia Coss. & Durieu; Ann. Sci. Nat., ser. IV. 1: 224 (1854), nomen
= Putoria brevifolia Coss. & Durieu ex Batt.; Batt. & Trab. Fl. Alger., Dicot., 389 (1889)
= Putoria brevifolia var. melillensis Maire & Sennen; Jahand. et al., Cat. Pl. Maroc 4: 1132 (1934)
= Putoria brevifolia var. microphylla (Pomel) Batt.; Batt. & Trab., Fl. Algérie, Dicot.: 390 (1890)
= Putoria brevifolia var. tenella (Pomel) Batt.; É. Jahand. & R. C. J. E. Maire, Cat. Pl. Maroc 3: 708 (1934)
= Putoria microphylla Pomel; Nouv. Mat. Fl. Atl.: 79 (1874)
= Putoria tenella Pomel; Nouv. Mat. Fl. Atl.: 71 (1874)
subspecies :
subsp. dyris (Jahand. & Maire) Dobignard; J. Bot. Soc. Bot. France 46-47: 82 (2009)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Putoria brevifolia var. demnatensis Litard. & Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 4: 106 (1924)
= Putoria brevifolia var. dyris Jahand. & Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 14: 71 (1923)
species :
Plocama bruguieri (A.Rich. ex DC.) M.Backlund & Thulin; Taxon 56(2): 323 (2007)
Distribution: Turkmenistan; Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq); Iran (EC-Iran, E-Iran, N-Iran, S-Iran); NW-Afghanistan (Herat)
32 TKM 34 AFG IRN IRQ
Synonyms: hidden
= Gaillonia bruguieri A.Rich. ex DC.; Prodr. 4: 574 (1830)
= Gaillonia incana Jaub. & Spach; Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 2, 20: 84 (1843)
= Gaillonia richardiana Jaub. & Spach; Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 2, 20: 83 (1843)
= Neogaillonia bruguieri (A.Rich. ex DC.) Lincz.; Nov. Syst. Pl. Vasc. 10: 226 (1973)
= Neogaillonia incana (Jaub. & Spach) Lincz.; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 10: 227 (1973)
species :
Plocama bucharica (B.Fedtsch. & Des.-Shost.) M.Backlund & Thulin; Taxon 56(2): 323 (2007)
Distribution: Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Tajikistan
32 TKM TZK UZB
Synonyms: hidden
= Gaillonia bucharica B.Fedtsch. & Des.-Shost.; B. Fedtsch. Rastit. Turkest. 708 (1915)
= Neogaillonia bucharica (B.Fedtsch. & Des.-Shost.) Lincz.; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 10: 230 (1973)
species :
Plocama calabrica (L.f.) M.Backlund & Thulin; Taxon 56(2): 516 (2007)
Name: Stinkender Krapp (DE); Stinking Madder (EN)
Distribution: S-Spain; Italy; Sicily; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Albania; Greece; Crete; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, W-Cyprus); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, NW-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (Rift Valley, N-Israel)
12 SPA 13 ALB BIH CRO GRC ITA KRI SIC 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN 34 CYP EAI ISR LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Asperula calabrica L.f.; Suppl. Pl.: 120 (1782)
= Asperula ciliata Moench; Methodus: 484 (1794)
= Asperula foetida (Lam.) Pers.; Syn. Pl. 1: 524 (1805)
= Ernodea calabrica (L.f.) Link; Enum. Hort. Berol. Alt. 1: 138 (1821)
= Ernodea montana Sm.; Sibth. & Sm., Fl. Graec. Prodr. 1: 98 (1806), nom. superfl.
= Pavetta foetidissima (Cirillo) Cirillo; Pl. Rar. Neap. 1: 7 (1792)
= Plocama calabrica var. alba Göktürk, O.D.Düsen, B.Gürcan & U.Sarpkaya; Acta Bot. Croat. 78(2): 143 (2019)
= Putoria balearica Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 2: 67 (1841)
= Putoria calabrica (L.f.) DC.; Prodr. 4: 577 (1830)
= Putoria calabrica subsp. hispanica (Boiss. & Reut.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 323 (1879)
= Putoria calabrica var. atlantis Litard. & Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 4: 107 (1924)
= Putoria calabrica var. gypsacea Nábelek; Spisy Prír. Fak. Masarykovy Univ. 35: 131 (1923)
= Putoria calabrica var. hispanica (Boiss. & Reut.) Jahand. & Maire; Cat. Pl. Maroc 3: 707 (1934)
= Putoria calabrica var. pubescens Lange; M. Willk. & J. M. C. Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 2: 300 (1868)
= Putoria cymosa Pomel; Nouv. Mat. Fl. Atl.: 80 (1874)
= Putoria foetida (Lam.) A.Rich.; Mém. Soc. Hist. Nat. Paris 5: 160 (1834)
= Putoria hispanica Boiss. & Reut.; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 2, 2: 108 (1856)
= Sherardia foetida Lam.; Tabl. Encycl. 1: 267 (1792)
= Sherardia foetidissima Cirillo; Char. Comm. 54 (1784)
species :
Plocama calcicola (Puff) M.Backlund & Thulin; Taxon 56(2): 323 (2007)
Distribution: Somalia
24 SOM
Synonyms: hidden
= Gaillonia calcicola (Puff) Thulin; Nordic J. Bot. 18(1): 36 (1998)
= Neogaillonia calcicola Puff; Nordic J. Bot. 8(4): 333 (1988)
species :
Plocama calycoptera (Decne.) M.Backlund & Thulin; Taxon 56(2): 323 (2007)
Distribution: Egypt (Eastern Desert, SE-Egypt); Sudan; Iran (S-Iran); Palestine; Sinai peninsula (S-Sinai); Jordania; Saudi Arabia (N-Saudi Arabia, Hejaz, Asir, Nejd Desert); Bahrain; Oman (Mascat & Oman); Yemen (N-Inner Yemen); Pakistan (Peshawar, Kohat, N. W. Frontier Prov.); India (Punjab)
20 EGY 24 SUD 34 IRN JOR PAL SIN 35 BAR OMA SAU YEM 40 IND PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Gaillonia calycoptera (Decne.) Jaub. & Spach; Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 2, 20: 86 (1843)
= Jaubertia calycoptera (Decne.) Täckh. & Boulos; Publ. Cairo Univ. Herb. 5: 95 (1972 publ. 1974), without basionym ref.
= Neogaillonia calycoptera (Decne.) Puff; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 84(4): 374 (1982)
= Neogaillonia stscherbinovskii (Lincz.) Puff; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 84(4): 374 (1982)
= Pterogaillonia calycoptera (Decne.) Lincz.; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 10: 233 (1973)
= Pterogaillonia stscherbinovskii Lincz.; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 10: 234 (1973)
= Spermacoce calycoptera Decne.; Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. ser. 2, 2: 267 (1834)
species :
Plocama crocyllis (Sond.) M.Backlund & Thulin; Taxon 56(2): 323 (2007)
Distribution: Namibia; South Africa (N-Cape Prov.)
27 NAM SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Anthospermum crocyllis Sond.; Harv. & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Cap. 3: 32 (1865)
= Crocyllis anthospermoides E.Mey. ex K.Schum.; Engl. & Prantl, Nat. Pfl.-Fam. IV 4: 132 (1891)
= Crocyllis intricatissima Dinter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 53: 64 (1928), nom. nud.
= Gaillonia crocyllis (Sond.) Thulin; Nordic J. Bot. 18(1): 36 (1998)
species :
Plocama crucianelloides (Jaub. & Spach) M.Backlund & Thulin; Taxon 56(2): 323 (2007)
Distribution: Iran (S-Iran, W-Iran); Bahrain
34 IRN 35 BAR
Synonyms: hidden
= Gaillonia crucianelloides Jaub. & Spach; Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 2, 20: 86 (1843)
= Gaillonia remotiflora Bornm.; Beih. Bot. Centrbl. 58, B: 290 (1938)
= Neogaillonia crucianelloides (Jaub. & Spach) Puff; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 84(4): 374 (1982)
= Pterogaillonia crucianelloides (Jaub. & Spach) Lincz.; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 10: 235 (1973)
species :
Plocama dezfulensis (Naanaie & Assadi) Bordbar & Mirtadz.; Phytotaxa 480(3): 229 (2021)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Gaillonia dezfulensis Naanaie & Assadi; Iranian J. Bot. 17(2): 227 (-229
species :
Plocama dubia (Aitch. & Hemsl.) M.Backlund & Thulin; Taxon 56(2): 324 (2007)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Farah, Herat)
34 AFG
Synonyms: hidden
= Gaillonia dubia Aitch. & Hemsl.; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. ser. 2, 3: 73. t. 30 (1886)
= Neogaillonia dubia (Aitch. & Hemsl.) Lincz.; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 10: 230 (1973)
species :
Plocama ehrendorferi Mirtadz. & Bordbar; Phytotaxa 480(3): 224 (2021)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Plocama eriantha (Jaub. & Spach) M.Backlund & Thulin; Taxon 56(2): 324 (2007)
Distribution: Iran (E-Iran, S-Iran); Afghanistan; Pakistan (Baluchistan, Quetta, Khyber, Kohat)
34 AFG IRN 40 PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Gaillonia eriantha Jaub. & Spach; Ill. Pl. Or. 1: 145, t. 78 (1844)
= Neogaillonia eriantha (Jaub. & Spach) Lincz; Nov. Syst. Pl. Vasc. 10: 229 (1973)
species :
Plocama hymenostephana (Jaub. & Spach) M.Backlund & Thulin; Taxon 56(2): 324 (2007)
Distribution: Iran (S-Iran); Afghanistan (Paktia / Khost); Saudi Arabia (Asir); Saudi Arabia (Rub al Khali); United Arab Emirates; Oman (Mascat & Oman); Pakistan (Peshawar, Waziristan, Quetta, Makran, Karachi, Sind, Baluchistan, Kurram, Pakistani Punjab, Swat); NW-India (Maharashtra, Punjab)
34 AFG IRN 35 OMA SAU UAE 40 IND PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Gaillonia humifusa Jaub. & Spach; Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 2, 20: 85 (1843)
= Gaillonia hymenostephana Jaub. & Spach; Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 2, 20: 85 (1843)
= Neogaillonia hymenostephana (Jaub. & Spach) Puff; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 84(4): 375 (1982)
= Pseudogaillonia hymenostephana (Jaub. & Spach) Lincz.; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 10: 236 (1973)
species :
Plocama iljinii (Lincz.) M.Backlund & Thulin; Taxon 56(2): 324 (2007)
Distribution: Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan
32 KGZ UZB
Synonyms: hidden
= Neogaillonia iljinii Lincz.; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 10: 227 (1973)
= Gaillonia iljinii (Lincz.) Ehrend. & Schönb.-Tem.; Fl. Iran. 176: 37 (2005)
species :
Plocama inopinata (Lincz.) M.Backlund & Thulin; Taxon 56(2): 324 (2007)
Distribution: Uzbekistan; Tajikistan
32 TZK UZB
Synonyms: hidden
= Gaillonia inopinata Lincz.; Bot. Mater. Gerb. Bot. Inst. Komarova Akad. Nauk S. S. S. R. 22: 216 (1963)
= Neogaillonia inopinata (Lincz.) Lincz.; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 10: 232 (1973)
species :
Plocama jolana (Thulin) M.Backlund & Thulin; Taxon 56(2): 324 (2007)
Distribution: Yemen (S-Yemen)
35 YEM
Synonyms: hidden
= Gaillonia jolana Thulin; Nordic J. Bot. 18(1): 34 (1998)
species :
Plocama kandaharensis (Ehrend. & Schönb.-Tem.) M.Backlund & Thulin; Taxon 56(2): 324 (2007)
Distribution: E-Iran; Afghanistan (Farah, Helmand, Kandahar)
34 AFG IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Gaillonia kandaharensis Ehrend. & Quarar ex Ehrend. & Schönb.-Tem.; Fl. Iranica 176: 38 (2005)
species :
Plocama macrantha (Blatt. & Hallb.) M.Backlund & Thulin; Taxon 56(2): 324 (2007)
Distribution: S-Iran; Afghanistan (Helmand, Kabul, Kandahar, Logar, Wardak, Paktia / Khost); Pakistan (Quetta, Baluchistan)
34 AFG IRN 40 PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Gaillonia macrantha Blatt. & Hallb.; J. Ind. Bot. 1: 170 (1920)
= Neogaillonia macrantha (Blatt. & Hallb.) Lincz.; Nov. Syst. Pl. Vasc. 10: 230 (1973)
species :
Plocama mestscherjakovii (Lincz.) M.Backlund & Thulin; Taxon 56(2): 324 (2007)
Distribution: Turkmenistan
32 TKM
Synonyms: hidden
= Gaillonia mestscherjakovii (Lincz.) Ehrend.; Fl. Iranica (Rech.) 176:25 (2005)
= Neogaillonia mestscherjakovii Lincz.; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 10: 230 (1973)
species :
Plocama olivieri (A.Rich. ex DC.) M.Backlund & Thulin; Taxon 56(2): 324 (2007)
Distribution: Iraq (NW-Iraq, W-Iraq: Desert); Iran
34 IRN IRQ
Synonyms: hidden
= Gaillonia olivieri A.Rich.; Mem. Soc. Hist. Nat. Par. 5: 153 (1834)
= Gaillonia olivieri A.Rich. ex DC.; Prodr. 4: 574 (1830)
= Neogaillonia olivieri (A.Rich. ex DC.) Lincz.; Nov. Syst. Pl. Vasc. 10: 226 (1973)
species :
Plocama pendula Aiton; Hort. Kew. ed. I. 1: 392 (1789)
Name: Balo (ES)
Distribution: Canary Isl. (Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro, La Palma Isl.)
21 CNY
Synonyms: hidden
= Bartlingia scoparia Rchb.; Flora 7: 241 (1824)
species :
Plocama puberula (Balf.f.) M.Backlund & Thulin; Taxon 56(2): 324 (2007)
Distribution: Soqotra
24 SOC
Synonyms: hidden
= Gaillonia puberula Balf.f.; Proc. Roy. Soc. Edinb. 11: 836 (1882)
= Neogaillonia puberula (Balf.f) Lincz.; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 10: 229 (1973)
species :
Plocama putorioides (Radcl.-Sm.) M.Backlund & Thulin; Taxon 56(2): 324 (2007)
Distribution: Soqotra
24 SOC
Synonyms: hidden
= Gaillonia putorioides (Radcl.-Sm.) Thulin; Nordic J. Bot. 18: 37 (1998)
= Jaubertia putorioides Radcl.-Sm.; Hooker´s Icon. Pl. 7(4): t. 3682 (1971)
= Neogaillonia putorioides (Radcl.-Sm.) Lincz.; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 10: 230 (1973)
species :
Plocama reboudiana (Coss. & Durieu) M.Backlund & Thulin; Taxon 56(2): 324 (2007)
Distribution: Morocco; S-Algeria; Mauritania
20 ALG MOR 22 MTN
Synonyms: hidden
= Choulettia reboudiana (Coss. & Durieu) Pomel; Nouv. Mat. Fl. Atl.: 81 (1874)
= Gaillonia reboudiana Coss. & Durieu; Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 2: 250 (1855)
= Galium reboudiana (Coss. & Durieu) Batt.; Batt. & Trab., Fl. Algérie, Dicot.: 389 (1890)
= Jaubertia reboudiana (Coss. & Durieu) Ehrend. & Schönb.-Tem.; Fl. Iranica 176: 39 (2005)
= Neogaillonia reboudiana (Coss. & Durieu) Puff; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 84(4): 375 (1982)
species :
Plocama rosea (Hemsl.) M.Backlund & Thulin; Taxon 56(2): 324 (2007)
Distribution: S-Iran; Pakistan (Kurram, Baluchistan, Khyber)
34 IRN 40 PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Aitchisonia rosea Hemsl. ex Aitch.; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 19: 166 (1882)
species :
Plocama somaliensis (Puff) M.Backlund & Thulin; Taxon 56(2): 324 (2007)
Distribution: Somalia
24 SOM
Synonyms: hidden
= Gaillonia somaliensis (Puff) Thulin; Nordic J. Bot. 18(1): 36 (1998)
= Neogaillonia somaliensis Puff; Nordic J. Bot. 8(4): 331 (1988)
species :
Plocama szowitsii (DC.) M.Backlund & Thulin; Taxon 56(2): 325 (2007)
Distribution: Armenia; Azerbaijan (Nakhichevan); Iran (Iranian Aserbaijan)
33 ARM AZE 34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Gaillonia szowitsii DC.; Prodr. 4: 574 (1830)
= Jaubertia szowitsii (DC.) Takht.; Takhtadzhyan & Fedorov. Fl. Erevana: 205 (1972)
= Neogaillonia szowitsii (DC.) Lincz.; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 10: 226 (1973)
species :
Plocama thymoides (Balf.f.) M.Backlund & Thulin; Taxon 56(2): 325 (2007)
Distribution: Soqotra
24 SOC
Synonyms: hidden
= Gaillonia thymoides Balf.f.; Proc. Roy. Soc. Edinb. 11: 837 (1882)
= Neogaillonia thymoides (Balf.f.) Lincz.; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 10: 230 (1973)
species :
Plocama tinctoria (Balf.f.) M.Backlund & Thulin; Taxon 56(2): 325 (2007)
Distribution: Somalia; Soqotra
24 SOC SOM
Synonyms: hidden
= Gaillonia tinctoria Balf.f.; Proc. Roy. Soc. Edinb. 11: 836 (1882)
= Gaillonia tinctoria var. glabra Radcl.-Sm.; Kew Bull. 25(2): 186 (1971)
= Neogaillonia tinctoria (Balf.f.) Lincz.; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 10: 230 (1973)
species :
Plocama trichophylla (Popov ex Tscherneva) M.Backlund & Thulin; Taxon 56(2): 325 (2007)
Distribution: Uzbekistan
32 UZB
Synonyms: hidden
= Gaillonia trichophylla Popov; Fl. Uzbekist. 5: 531, 642 (1961)
= Neogaillonia trichophylla (Popov) Lincz.; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 10: 231 (1973)
species :
Plocama vassilczenkoi (Lincz.) M.Backlund & Thulin; Taxon 56(2): 325 (2007)
Distribution: Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan
32 KGZ TZK UZB
Synonyms: hidden
= Gaillonia vassilczenkoi (Lincz.) Ehrend. & Schönb.-Tem.; Fl. Iranica 176: 37 (2005)
= Neogaillonia vassilczenkoi Lincz.; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 10: 228 (1973)
species :
Plocama yemenensis (Thulin) M.Backlund & Thulin; Taxon 56(2): 325 (2007)
Distribution: Oman; Yemen (N-Yemen, S-Yemen)
35 OMA YEM
Synonyms: hidden
= Gaillonia yemenensis Thulin; Nordic J. Bot. 18(1): 32 (1998)
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A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 18.4 (Feb. 11th, 2024)

Covering 354,025 accepted species,
9,095 hybrids, 47,879 accepted infraspecific taxa and 995,101 synonyms,
in total 1,406,100* names

[*about 25,000 dubious, "unplaced" names and about 4,000 invalid names (Art. 24.3) like "typicus" are deliberately omitted]


With complete, detailed distribution data (countries and regions) and literature references

Arranged in linear phylogenetic sequence reflecting true relationships

Fully searchable and continously updated

With 38,290 pictures of 15,532 species

Assembled through 40 years independently from other databases

In cooperation with Catalogue of Life