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Ver. 19.2
April 1st, 2024

256.0000 Family Polygalaceae Hoffmanns. & Link; Fl. Portug. 1: 62 (1809), nom. cons.
27 genera, ca. 1300 spp.
Species listed in database: 1349; hybrids: 4
= Diclidantheraceae J.Agardh; Theoria Syst. Pl.: 195 (1858), nom. cons.
= Moutabeaceae Pfeiff.; Nomencl. Bot. 2: 364 (1873)
= Xanthophyllaceae Gagnep. ex Reveal & Hoogland; Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat., ser. 4, sect. B Adansonia 12: 206 (1990)
256.0406 Genus Polygala L.; Sp. Pl.: 701 (1753)
Distribution: trop., subtropical and temp. regions of the Old World (86 South Africa). Most of the New World taxa of this still polyphyletic genus have recently been transferred into the split genus Senega. More will need transfer.
Species listed in database: 461; hybrids: 4
= Anthalogea Raf.; New Fl. Am. 4: 88 (1836)
= Brachytropis Rchb.; Consp. 120 (1828)
= Corymbula Raf.; New Fl. Am. 4: 88 (1836)
= Heterosamara Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 47 (1891)
= Isolophus Spach; Hist. Veg. Phan. 7: 112 (1839)
= Microlophium Fourr.; Ann. Soc. L. Lyon, N. S. 17: 195 (1869)
= Phylax Noronha; Verh. Batav. Gen. 5: ed. I. Art. IV. 3 (1790)
= Plostaxis Raf.; New Fl. Am. 4: 87 (1836)
= Psychanthus Raf.; Specchio 1: 116 (1814)
= Semeiocardium Zoll.; Tijdschr. Nederl. Ind. 17: 245 (1858)
= Senegaria Raf.; Actes Soc. Linn. Bordeaux 6: 264 (1834)
= Sexilia Raf.; New Fl. Am. 4: 87 (1836)
= Tricholophus Spach; Hist. Veg. Phan. 7: 114 (1839)
= Zoroxus Raf.; New Fl. Am. 4: 88 (1836)
species :
Polygala abyssinica R.Br. ex Fresen.; [Salt, Voy. Abyss. app. IV: LXV (1814), nomen] Mus. Senck. 2: 273 (1837)
Distribution: Sudan; South Sudan; Ethiopia; Eritrea; Djibouti; Somalia; Soqotra; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; Afghanistan (Kunar / Nuristan, Laghman, Nangarhar, Paktia / Khost, Parwan); Saudi Arabia (Asir, Dahana, E-Saudi Arabia, N-Saudi Arabia, Nejd); Oman (Mascat & Oman); Yemen (Aden Desert, W-Yemen, SE-Yemen: coastal Hadhramaut, Inner Yemen); Pakistan (Sind, Karachi, Baluchistan, Quetta, Waziristan, Kurram, Chitral, Swat); Nepal; India (Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Madhya Pradesh Punjab, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh)
24 DJI ERI ETH SOC SOM SSU SUD 25 KEN TAN UGA 34 AFG 35 OMA SAU YEM 40 IND NEP PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala abyssinica var. gerardiana (Wall.) Chodat; Mém. S. Phys. Hist. Nat. Genéve 31(2): 282 (1893)
= Polygala abyssinica var. parviflora Chodat; Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 31(2: 2): 389 (1893)
= Polygala adoensis Hochst. ex A.Rich.; Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 37 (1847)
= Polygala alata Chodat; J. Bot. 34: 200 (1896)
= Polygala cernua Eckl. & Zeyh.; Enum. Pl. Afric. Austral. Pl. Afric. Austral. (Eckl. & Zeyh.) 1: 22 (1834-35)
= Polygala gerardiana Wall.; (Cat. 147, no. 4187 (1831), nomen) ex Hassk. in Ann. Mus. B. Lugd.-Bat. 1: 174 (1864)
= Polygala scabra Edgew.; Trans. Linn. Soc. London 20: 33 (1846), nom. illeg.
variant :
var. subaphylla (O.Schwartz) J.R.I.Wood; Handbook Yemen Fl.: 19,5 (1997)
Distribution: Yemen (coastal Hadhramaut, Inner Hadhramaut)
35 YEM
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala schwartziana Paiva; An. Jard. Bot. Madrid 45(1): 155 (1988), nom. nov.
= Polygala subaphylla Schwartz; Mitt. Inst. Bot. Hamburg 10: 132 (1939) (non Perrier)
species :
Polygala acarnanica (Chodat) Kozuharov & Petrova; Jordanov, Fl. Nar. Rep. Bälg. 7: 201 (1979)
Distribution: Bulgaria; ?NE-Greece
13 BUL
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala major f. acarnanica Chodat; Mém. Soc. Phys. Geneve 31(2, 2): 436 (1893)
species :
Polygala acicularis Oliv.; Fl. Trop. Afr. 1: 132 (1868)
Distribution: Burkina Faso; Benin; Nigeria; Cameroon; Gabon; Congo [Brazzaville]; Central African Republic; Cabinda; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Rwanda; S-Chad; South Sudan; Uganda; N-Angola
22 BEN BKN NGA 23 CAB CAF CMN CON GAB RWA ZAI 24 CHA SSU 25 UGA 26 ANG
species :
Polygala adamsonii Exell; Bol. Soc. Brot., Ser. 2, 31: 9 (1957)
Distribution: Malawi; Mozambique
26 MLW MOZ
species :
Polygala albida Schinz; Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb. 29: 53 (1888)
subspecies :
subsp. albida
Distribution: Nigeria; Cameroon; Congo [Brazzaville]; Central African Republic; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Rwanda; Burundi; S-Chad; S-Ethiopia; Uganda; Tanzania; Angola; Zambia; Malawi; Namibia; Botswana; South Africa (Limpopo, Gauteng, Mpulamanga, KwaZulu-Natal); Eswatini [Swaziland]
22 NGA 23 BUR CAF CMN CON RWA ZAI 24 CHA ETH 25 TAN UGA 26 ANG MLW ZAM 27 BOT NAM SAF SWZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala livingstoniana Chodat; Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 31(2): 339 (1893)
subspecies :
subsp. stanleyana (Chodat) Paiva; Fontqueria 50: 191 (1998)
Distribution: Guinea; Cameroon; South Sudan; Ethiopia; Angola; Zambia; Zimbabwe; Mozambique; etc.
22 GUI 23 CMN 24 ETH SSU 26 ANG MOZ ZAM ZIM
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala albida var. angustifolia Exell; Bol. Soc. Brot., sér. 2, 31: 11 (1957)
= Polygala modesta Gürke; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 19(2-3, Beibl. 47): 35 (1894) (non Miq. 1845)
= Polygala stanleyana Chodat; Mem. Soc. Phys. Geneve 31: n. 2 340 (1893)
= Polygala stanleyana var. angustifolia Chodat; Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 31(2: 2): 340 (1893), nomen
= Polygala stanleyana var. latifolia Chodat; Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 31(2: 2): 340 (1893)
species :
Polygala albowii Kem.-Nath.; Notul. Syst. (Paris) Geogr. Inst. Bot. Tphilis., Fasc. 14, 24 (1948)
Distribution: Georgia [Caucasus] (incl. Abkhazia)
33 GEO
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala colchica Tamamsch.; Fl. URSS, ed. Kom. 14: 733 (1949)
species :
Polygala alpestris Rchb.; Iconogr. Bot. Pl. Crit. 1: 25 (1823)
subspecies :
subsp. alpestris
Name: Alpen-Kreuzblümchen (DE)
Distribution: Germany (Bayern); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Austria; NE-Spain; Andorra; France; Italy; Serbia; Kosovo
11 AUT GER LIE SWI 12 ADO FRA SPA 13 ITA KOS SRB
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala alpestris f. elliptica (Chodat) Hegi; 104 (1924)
= Polygala alpestris f. juratense (Chodat) Hegi; 104 (1924)
= Polygala alpestris f. obtusata (Chodat) Hegi; 104 (1924)
= Polygala alpestris f. rosulans (Chodat) Hegi; 104 (1924)
= Polygala alpestris proles morisiana (Rchb.f.) P.Graebn.; Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 7: 368 (1916)
= Polygala alpestris subsp. morisiana (Rchb.f.) Gand.; Nov. Consp. Fl. Eur.: 61 (1910)
= Polygala alpestris var. iberica Chodat; Bol. Soc. Aragonesa Ci. Nat. 12: 161 (1913)
= Polygala alpestris var. morisiana (Rchb.f.) P.Fourn.; Quatre Fl. France: 635 (1937)
= Polygala alpestris var. pyrenaica Timb.-Lagr.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 11: 131, 143 (1865)
= Polygala alpestris var. pyxophylla Avé-Lall.; 16 (1829)
= Polygala amara subsp. alpestris (Rchb.) Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital.: 68 (1882), nom. illeg.
= Polygala amara var. alpestris (Rchb.) W.D.J.Koch; 92 (1836)
= Polygala calcarea J.W.Zetterst. ex Willk. & Lange; Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 3: 557 (1878), nomen
= Polygala calcarea var. pyxophylla (Avé-Lall.) Beck; Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien 10: 193 (1895)
= Polygala microcarpa A.Kern.; Fl. Exsicc. Austro-Hung.: no 871 (1883) (in sched. nom. illeg.)
= Polygala microcarpa Gaudin; Fl. Helv. 4: 445 (1829), nom. inval.
= Polygala morisiana Rchb.f.; Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 18: 91 (1858)
= Polygala serpyllacea subsp. morisiana (Rchb.f.) Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital., ed. 2,: 289 (1894)
= Polygala serpyllacea subsp. pyxophylla (Avé-Lall.) Gand.; Nov. Consp. Fl. Eur.: 61 (1910)
= Polygala serpyllacea var. pyxophylla (Avé-Lall.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 83 (1878)
= Polygala vulgaris f. morisiana (Rchb.f.) Paol.; Fiori et al., Fl. Anal. Italia 2: 229 (1901)
= Polygala vulgaris f. pyxophylla (Avé-Lall.) Paol.; Fiori et al., Fl. Anal. Italia 2: 229 (1901)
= Polygala vulgaris proles morisiana (Rchb.f.) Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France 3: 74 (1896)
= Polygala vulgaris subsp. alpestris (Rchb.) Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France 3: 73 (1896)
= Polygala vulgaris subsp. alpestris (Rchb.) Vollm.; 500 (1914)
= Polygala vulgaris var. alpestris (Rchb.) Paol.; Fiori et al., Fl. Anal. Italia 2: 229 (1901)
= Polygala vulgaris var. pyxophylla Avé-Lall.; Pl. Ital. Bor.: 16 (1829)
subspecies :
subsp. angelisii (Ten.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 84 (1878)
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala angelisii Ten.; Fl. Napol. 5: 92 (1835)
subspecies :
subsp. croatica (Chodat) Hayek; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 30(1): 597 (1925)
Distribution: Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; Greece; European Russia; ?Northern Caucasus; Turkey (N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia)
13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC KOS MNT NMA SLV SRB 14 RUS 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala amara var. croatica (Chodat) Fiori; Nuov. Fl. Italia 2: 125 (1925)
= Polygala calcarea var. croatica (Chodat) Beck; Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien 10: 193 (1895)
= Polygala calcarea var. multicaulis Beck; Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien 10: 193 (1895)
= Polygala croatica Chodat; Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 31(2, 2): 468 (1893)
= Polygala multicaulis Kit.; Linnaea 32: 553 (1863), nom. illeg.
= Polygala pyxophylla (Avé-Lall.) Rchb.; Fl. Germ. Excurs.: 350 (1831)
subspecies :
subsp. meridionalis Arrigoni; Inform. Bot. Ital. 46(2): 240 (2014)
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
species :
Polygala alpicola Rupr.; Fl. Caucasus 166 (1869)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan
33 ARM AZE GEO NCS
species :
Polygala alpina (DC.) Steud.; Nomencl. Bot.: 642 (1821)
Name: Alpen-Kreuzblümchen
Distribution: Switzerland; Austria; NE-Spain; Andorra; France; N-Italy; Romania
11 AUT SWI 12 ADO FRA SPA 13 ITA ROM
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala alpina subsp. somedana Lainz; Bol. Inst. Estud. Asturianos, Supl. Ci. 15: 27 (1970)
= Polygala alpina var. ansotana P.Monts. & L.Villar; Doc. Phytosoc., 914: 213 (1975)
= Polygala alpina var. bourgeana Chodat; Bull. Trav. Soc. Bot. Genève 5: 176, 178 (1889)
= Polygala amara subsp. alpina (Poir. ex DC.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 84 (1878)
= Polygala amara subsp. nivea (Miégev.) Gand.; Nov. Consp. Fl. Eur.: 61 (1910)
= Polygala amara var. alpina DC.; Lam. & DC., Fl. Franc. ed. 3, 3: 456 (1805)
= Polygala amara var. nivea (Miégev.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 84 (1878)
= Polygala calcarea subsp. somedana (M.Laínz) Penas; Taxon 40: 615 (1991)
= Polygala glacialis Brügger; Z. Ferdinandeums Tirol 9: 73 (1860)
= Polygala ponsii Sennen; Diagn. Nouv.: 8 (1936)
species :
Polygala amara L.; Syst. Nat. ed. 10: 1154 (1759)
subspecies :
subsp. amara
Name: Bitteres Kreuzblümchen (DE)
Distribution: Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Slovenia; Croatia; ?Bulgaria
11 AUT CZE HUN POL SLO 13 CRO SLV
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala alpestris C.A.Mey.; Verz. Pfl. Casp. Meer.: 103 (1831), nom. illeg.
= Polygala amara var. alpestris Wahlenb.; Fl. Suecica 1: 444 (1826) non W. D. J. Koch
= Polygala amara var. grandiflora Bogenh.; 165 (1850), nom. inval.
= Polygala calcarea subsp. amara (L.) Bonnier & Layens; 40 (1894)
= Polygala insipida Rchb.; Fl. Germ. Excurs. 1: 350 (1831)
= Polygala myrtifolia Fr.; Novit. Fl. Suec. Alt.: 227 (1828), nom. illeg.
= Polygala nivea Miégev.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 12: 241 (1865)
= Polygala polymorpha var. amara (L.) Fresen.; 422 (1833), nom. illeg.
= Polygala repens Mérat ex DC.; Prodr. 1: 325 (1824), nomen
= Polygala reptans Chevall.; Fl. Gén. Env. Paris 2: 850 (1828)
= Polygala rotundifolia Gilib.; Fl. Lit. Inch. 2: 113 (1782), opus utique oppr.
= Polygala serpyllifolia Fischer-Oost.; Flora 37: 98 (1854), nom. illeg.
= Polygala vulgaris subsp. amara (L.) Celak.; 92 (1870)
= Polygala vulgaris var. grandiflora Celak.; 92 (1870), nom. inval.
subspecies :
subsp. brachyptera (Chodat) Hayek; Sched. Fl. Stiriac. 9-10: 21 (1906)
Name: Kurzflügeliges Kreuzblümchen (DE)
Distribution: Germany (+Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, +Sachsen); Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Italy; Romania; Ukraine
11 AUT CZE GER HUN POL SLO 13 ITA ROM 14 UKR
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala amara f. purpureoviolacea Hadac; Hadac & Smarda, 68 (1960)
= Polygala amara subsp. amblyptera (Rchb.) Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital.: 68 (1882)
= Polygala amara subvar. brachyptera Chodat; Mém. Soc. Phys. Geneve 31(2, 2): 471 (1893)
= Polygala amara var. amblyptera (Rchb.) W.D.J.Koch; Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv.: 92 (1837), nom. superfl.
= Polygala amara var. brachyptera (Chodat) Hegi; 110 (1924)
= Polygala amarella subsp. amblyptera (Rchb.) Janch.; 409 (1958), nom. inval.
= Polygala amarella subsp. amblyptera (Rchb.) Janch. ex Dostál; Folia Mus. Rerum Nat. Bohemiae Occid., Bot. 21: 9 (1984)
= Polygala amblyptera F.W.Schultz; Flora 20: 752 (1837), nom. illeg.
= Polygala amblyptera Rchb.; Iconogr. Bot. Pl. Crit. 1: 91 (1823)
= Polygala brachyptera (Chodat) Domin; Acta Bot. Bohem. 9: 252 (1930), nom. illeg.
= Polygala buxifolia Rchb.; Iconogr. Bot. Pl. Crit. 1: 26 (1823)
= Polygala carpatica Wol.; Spraw. Komis. Fizjogr. 22(2): 216 (1888)
= Polygala persimilis Beck; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 17: 450 (1921)
= Polygala polymorpha var. buxifolia (Rchb.) K.F.Schimp. & Spenn.; Spenn., 865 (1829)
= Polygala subamara Fritsch; Mitteil. Naturw. Ver. Steiermark 44: 292 (1908)
= Polygala vulgaris subvar. brachyptera Chodat; Bull. Soc. Bot. Genève 5: 160 (1889)
= Polygala vulgaris var. buxifolia Dumort.; Fl. Belg.: 31 (1827)
species :
Polygala amarella Crantz; Stirp. Austr. Fasc. ed. 2: 438 (1769)
Name: Sumpf-Kreuzblümchen (DE)
Distribution: England; Denmark; Norway; Sweden; Finland; Belgium; Luxembourg; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, +Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Liechtenstein; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; France; Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Romania; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; E-European Russia; N-European Russia; NW-European Russia; W-European Russia; Ukraine; Siberia (W-Siberia)
10 DEN FIN GRB NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX POL SLO SWI 12 FRA 13 CRO ITA ROM SLV 14 BLR EST LAT LIT RUS UKR 30 SIB
Remarks: amara agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala amara f. austriaca (Crantz) Wirtg.; 67 (1857)
= Polygala amara f. grenieri (Rouy & Foucaud) Hegi; 111 (1924)
= Polygala amara f. laxa (Rouy & Foucaud) Hegi; 111 (1924)
= Polygala amara f. minutiflora (Chodat) Hegi; 111 (1924)
= Polygala amara f. orbicularis (Chodat) Hegi; 111 (1924)
= Polygala amara f. ramosa (Hegetschw.) Hegi; 111 (1924)
= Polygala amara f. stellata Hudziok; 488 (1965)
= Polygala amara f. subalpina (Chodat) Hegi; 111 (1924)
= Polygala amara f. uliginosa (C.C.Gmel.) Wirtg.; 67 (1857)
= Polygala amara subsp. amarella (Crantz) Chodat; Bull. Soc. Bot. Geneve 5: 160 (1889)
= Polygala amara subsp. austriaca (Crantz) Celak.; 340 (1887)
= Polygala amara subsp. austriaca (Crantz) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 83 (1878)
= Polygala amara subsp. austriaca Dostál; Kvetena CSR: 928 (1949)
= Polygala amara subsp. uliginosa (C.C.Gmel.) Celak.; Prodr. Fl. Böhmen: 535 (1875)
= Polygala amara var. alba H.Mart.; 123 (1817)
= Polygala amara var. alba Wibel; 224 (1799), nom. inval.
= Polygala amara var. amarella (Crantz) F.W.Schultz; 73 (1845)
= Polygala amara var. austriaca (Crantz) C.C.Gmel.; 533 (1826)
= Polygala amara var. austriaca (Crantz) Gaudin; Fl. Helv. 4: 446 (1829)
= Polygala amara var. austriaca (Crantz) W.D.J.Koch; Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv.: 92 (1837)
= Polygala amara var. coerulea Wibel; 224 (1799), nom. inval.
= Polygala amara var. grandiflora Döll; 693 (1843)
= Polygala amara var. grenieri Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France 3: 80 (1896)
= Polygala amara var. parviflora W.D.J.Koch; Röhling, Deutschl. Fl., ed. 3, 5: 77 (1839), nom. superfl.
= Polygala amara var. uliginosa (Wender.) Wender.; Fl. Hassiaca (1846)
= Polygala amara var. uliginosa C.C.Gmel.; 533 (1826)
= Polygala amara var. uliginosa Dumort.; Fl. Belg.: 31 (1827)
= Polygala amarella subsp. austriaca (Crantz) Janch.; 409 (1958), nom. inval.
= Polygala amarella subsp. austriaca (Crantz) Janch. ex Dostál; Folia Mus. Rer. Nat. Bohem. Occid., Bot. 21: 9 (1984)
= Polygala amarella var. alpestris Wender.; 241 (1831), nom. inval.
= Polygala amarella var. austriaca (Crantz) E.Baumann; 370 (1911)
= Polygala amarella var. pratensis Wender.; 241 (1831), nom. inval.
= Polygala amarella var. salsa Degen ex Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 18: 173 (1973)
= Polygala amarella var. uliginosa (C.C.Gmel.) Wender.; Schriften Ges. Beförd. Gesammten Naturwiss. Marburg 2: 241 (1831)
= Polygala austriaca Crantz; Stirp. Austr. Fasc. ed. 2:439 (1769)
= Polygala austriaca f. ramosa Rudolf; H. Hergt, 7 (1901)
= Polygala austriaca var. uliginosa (C.C.Gmel.) Gren.; 198 (1847)
= Polygala calcarea subsp. amara Bonnier & Layens; Tabl. Syn. Pl. Vasc. France: 40 (1894)
= Polygala calcarea subsp. amarella (Crantz) Bonnier & Layens; Fl. Port. France: 40 (1909)
= Polygala calcarea subsp. austriaca (Crantz) Bonnier & Layens; Tabl. Syn. Pl. Vasc. France: 40 (1894)
= Polygala decipiens Besser; Enum. Pl. Volh. 73 (1822)
= Polygala fatua Wallr.; Linnaea 14: 613 (1841)
= Polygala polymorpha var. austriaca (Crantz) K.F.Schimp. & Spenn.; Spenn., 866 (1829), nom. illeg.
= Polygala polymorpha var. uliginosa (C.C.Gmel.) K.F.Schimp. & Spenn.; Spenn., 866 (1829)
= Polygala ramosa Hegetschw.; 686 (1840)
= Polygala subvirgata Gand.; Dec. Pl. Nov. 2: 5 (1876)
= Polygala uliginosa Rchb.; Iconogr. Bot. 1: 23 (1823), et Handb. Skand. Fl., ed. 2: 193 (1832), non Pers.
= Polygala vulgaris var. parviflora Celak.; 92 (1870)
species :
Polygala amatymbica Eckl. & Zeyh.; Enum. Pl. Afric. Austral. 24 (1834-35)
Distribution: Zimbabwe; South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, E-Cape Prov.); Lesotho
26 ZIM 27 LES SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala acuminata E.Mey.; Drège, Zwei Pfl. Docum. 212 (1843), nomen
species :
Polygala amboniensis Gürke; Abh. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. (1894) 14 et 22; et in Engl. Pflanzenw. Ost-Afr. C 234 (1895)
Distribution: SW-Somalia; E-Kenya; NE-Tanzania
24 SOM 25 KEN TAN
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala liniflora Bojer ex Chodat; Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 31(2: 2): 367 (1893)
= Polygala sennii Chiov.; Fl. Somala, II. 14 (1932)
species :
Polygala amphothrix S.F.Blake; Contrb. Gray Herb. n. s. 47: 39 (1916)
Distribution: Mexico (Chihuahua, Sonora)
79 MEX
Remarks: status uncertain, belongs likely as a synonym into Senega
species :
Polygala anatolica Boiss. & Heldr.; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 2, 1: 57 (1854)
Distribution: Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece; European Russia; Crimea; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iran (EC-Iran, N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan); Syria (coastal W-Syria)
13 BUL GRC ROM TUE 14 KRY RUS 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala major var. anatolica (Boiss. & Heldr.) Chodat; Mem. Soc. Phys. Hist. Nat. Geneve 31 2: 437 (1893)
species :
Polygala andensis Chodat; Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 31(2: 2): 25 (1893)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Remarks: status uncertain, belongs likely as a synonym into Senega
species :
Polygala andringitrensis Paiva; Fontqueria 50: 260 (1998), nom. nov.
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala bicornis H.Perrier; Bull. Acad. Malfache, no. s. 14: 8 (1931 publ. 1932), non (Burch.) Chodat
species :
Polygala angolensis Chodat; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 48: 318 (1912)
Distribution: SW-Angola
26 ANG
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala ficalhoana Exell & Mendonça; Carrisso, Consp. Fl. Angol. 1: 99 (1937)
species :
Polygala ankaratrensis H.Perrier; Bull. Acad. Malfache, no. s. 14: 6 (1931 publ. 1932)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala mucronata Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 20: 89 (1883)
species :
Polygala annectens S.F.Blake; N. Am. Fl. 25: 326 (1924)
Distribution: Mexico (Puebla)
79 MEX
Remarks: status uncertain, belongs likely as a synonym into Senega
species :
Polygala antunesii Gürke; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32: 131 (1902)
Distribution: SW-Angola
26 ANG
species :
Polygala apiculata Porta; Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 11: 238 (1879)
Name: Kalabrische Kreuzblümchen
Distribution: S-Italy
13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala vulgaris var. apiculata (Porta) Fiori; Nuov. Fl. Italia 2: 124 (1926)
= Polygala huterana Chodat; Arch. Sci. Phys. Nat. 18(9): 297 (1887) nom. illeg.
= Polygala huteri Chodat; Mem. Soc. Phys. Geneve 31(2,2): 447 (1893) nom. illeg.
species :
Polygala apodanthera S.F.Blake; Bull. Torrey Bot. Cl. 51: 88 (1924)
Distribution: Colombia (Tolima)
82 CLM
Remarks: status uncertain, belongs likely as a synonym into Senega
species :
Polygala appressipilis S.F.Blake; Contrb. Gray Herb. n. s. 47: 41 (1916)
Distribution: Mexico (Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Puebla, Sinaloa, Zacatecas)
79 MEX
Remarks: status uncertain, belongs likely as a synonym into Senega
species :
Polygala arcuata Hayata; J. Coll. Sci. Imp. Univ. Tokyo 25(19): 54-55, t. 1 (1908)
Distribution: Taiwan (Nantou Xian)
38 TAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala crassiuscula Hayata; Icon. Pl. Formosan. 3: 32-33. (1913)
species :
Polygala arenaria Willd.; Sp. Pl. 3: 880 (1802)
Distribution: Senegal; Gambia; Guinea-Bissau; Guinea; Sierra Leone; ?Liberia; Mali; Burkina Faso; Ivory Coast; Ghana; Togo; Benin; Niger; Nigeria; Cameroon; Gabon; Congo [Brazzaville]; Central African Republic; Cabinda; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Rwanda; Burundi; S-Chad; Sudan; South Sudan; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; Angola; Malawi; Mozambique
22 BEN BKN GAM GHA GNB GUI IVO MLI NGA NGR SEN SIE TOG 23 BUR CAB CAF CMN CON GAB RWA ZAI 24 CHA SSU SUD 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 ANG MLW MOZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala chodatiana Hiern; Cat. Afr. Pl. 1: 45 (1896) non A. W. Benn.
= Polygala nutans Hook.f.; Niger Fl. (Hook.). 222 (1849)
species :
Polygala arenicola Gürke; Warb., Kunene-Sambesi Exped. 273 (1903)
Distribution: ?SE-D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Angola; Zambia
26 ANG ZAM
species :
Polygala argentea Thulin; Nordic J. Bot. 10(5): 468 (1990)
Distribution: Somalia
24 SOM
Remarks: only known from type collected in 1989
species :
Polygala arillata Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don; Prodr. Fl. Nep. 199 (1825)
Distribution: China (Anhui, Fujian, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hubei, Jiangxi, S-Shaanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan); Nepal; Bhutan; Bhutan; India (Arunachal Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, N agaland, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu); Sri Lanka; Bangladesh; Myanmar (Chin, Kachin, Mandalay, Sagaing); Thailand; Laos; Cambodia; Vietnam; Palawan
36 CHI 40 BAN BHU IND NEP SRL 41 CBD LAO MYA THA VIE 42 PLW
Synonyms: hidden
= Chamaebuxus arillata (Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don) Hassk.; Ann. Mus. B. Lugd.-Bat. 1: 153 (1863)
= Chamaebuxus arillata var. brachybotrys Hassk.; Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavum 1: 154. 1863-64
= Chamaebuxus arillata var. robusta Hassk.; Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 1: 154 (1863)
= Chamaebuxus paniculata Hassk.; Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavum 1: 154 (1863)
= Polygala angustifolia (Chodat) R.N.Banerjee; Bull. Bot. Surv. India, 26(1-2): 2 (1984 publ. 1985)
= Polygala angustifolia var. scandens (Mukerjee) G.S.Giri & R.N.Banerjee; Bull. Bot. Surv. India, 26(1-2): 3 (1984 publ. 1985)
= Polygala arillata f. scandens Mukerjee
= Polygala arillata var. angustifolia Chodat; Mem. Soc. Phys. Hist. Nat. Genev. 31: 95 (1893)
= Polygala hasskarlii Merr. & Chun; Sunyatsenia 2: 254 (1935)
= Polygala kerrii Craib; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1922: 235 (1922)
= Polygala wistariifolia Chodat; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 52(1-2, Beibl. 115): 70-71 (1914)
variant :
var. chartacea (Mukerjee) G.S.Giri; Bull. Bot. Surv. India, 26(1-2): 5 (1984 publ. 1985)
Distribution: S-India (Tamil Nadu, Kerala)
40 IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala arillata f. chartacea Mukerjee; Bull. Bot. Soc. Bengal 12: 32 (1958)
variant :
var. laevicarpa R.N.Banerjee & G.S.Giri; Candollea 42(2): 557 (1987)
Distribution: W-Nepal; India (Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim)
40 IND NEP
variant :
var. ovata Gagnep.; Fl. Indo-Chine Suppl. 1: 231 (1939)
Distribution: China (Hubei, Sichuan); N-Vietnam
36 CHI 41 VIE
variant :
var. purpurascens C.B.Clarke ex Mukerjee; Bull. Bot. Soc. Bengal 12: 32 (1958)
Distribution: Bhutan; India (West Bengal, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Meghalaya, Sikkim)
40 BHU IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala arillata f. sikkimensis Mukerjee; Bull. Bot. Soc. Bengal 12: 32 (1958)
variant :
var. revoluta (Mukerjee) G.S.Giri; Bull. Bot. Surv. India, 26(1-2): 5 (1984 publ. 1985)
Distribution: S-India (Tamil Nadu)
40 IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala arillata f. revoluta Mukerjee; Bull. Bot. Soc. Benga112: 32 (1958)
species :
Polygala arvensis Willd.; Sp. Pl. 3(2): 876 (1802)
Distribution: China (Anhui, ?Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, ?Guizhou, Hainan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Yunnan, Zhejiang); Ryukyu Isl.; Taiwan; Pakistan; India (Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Delhi, Gujarat, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, West Bengal); Sri Lanka; Bangladesh; Andaman Isl. (South Andamans); Nicobar Isl. (Central Nicobars); Thailand; Cambodia; Vietnam; peninsular Malaysia (Johor); Sumatra; Sulawesi; Philippines (Luzon, Mindoro, Semirara, Mindanao); ?Java; Lesser Sunda Isl. (Sumba); Moluccas (Seram, Ambon); New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea); New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea); Australia (Northern Territory, Western Australia); Fed. States of Micronesia (Pohnpei)
36 CHI 38 NNS TAI 40 BAN IND PAK SRL 41 AND CBD NCB THA VIE 42 LSI MLY MOL NWG PHI SUL SUM 50 AUS 62 MIC
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala angustifolia Buch.-Ham. ex Wall.; Numer. List no. 4170 D (1831), nomen
= Polygala arvensis var. hirsuta (Mukerjee) Deb; Fl. Tripura State 1: 248 (1981)
= Polygala arvensis var. latifolia (Chodat) Bennet & Raizada; Indian Forester, 109(4): 221 (1983)
= Polygala brachystachya DC.; Prodr. 1: 326 (1824)
= Polygala chinensis f. arvensis (Willd.) Chodat; Mem. Soc. Phys. Geneve 31(2): 386 (1893)
= Polygala chinensis var. brachystachya (Blume) Benn.; Fl. Brit. India 1(1): 204 (1872)
= Polygala cyanolopha Hance; J. Bot. 4: 117 (1866)
= Polygala kinii Cout.; Mém. Hist. Nat. Emp. Chin. 6(1): 34 (1920)
= Polygala linarifolia Buch.-Ham. ex Wall.; Numer. List no. 4170 E (1831), nomen
= Polygala polyfolia C.Presl; Reliq. Haenk. 2: 101 (1830) (polifolia auct.)
= Polygala quinqueflora Buch.-Ham. ex Wall.; Numer. List no. 4170 C (1831), nomen
= Polygala shimadae Masam.; J. Soc. Trop. Agric. 3: 114 (1931)
= Polygala warburgii Chodat ex Warb.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 13: 346 (1891)
species :
Polygala arvicola Bojer; Bouton, 12me Rapp. Ann. Maur. 13 (1842)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala bojeri Chodat; Mem. Soc. Phys. Geneve 31: n. 2 365 (1893)
= Polygala subaphylla H.Perrier; Bull. Acad. Malgache, no. s. 14: 11 (1931 publ. 1932)
species :
Polygala asbestina Burch.; Trav. S. Africa 1: 543 (1822)
Distribution: South Africa (North-West Prov., Free State, N-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
species :
Polygala aschersoniana Chodat; Bull. Herb. Boissier 3: 547 (1895)
Distribution: Libya (Cyrenaica)
20 LBY
species :
Polygala atacorensis Jacq.-Fél.; Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 99: 66 (1952), in clavi
Distribution: Senegal; Mali; Burkina Faso; Ivory Coast; Ghana; Togo; Benin; Cameroon
22 BEN BKN GHA IVO MLI SEN TOG 23 CMN
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala triquetra A.Chev.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 58(Mém. 8d): 138 (1912) (non C. Presl 1845)
species :
Polygala azizsancarii Dönmez; Phytotaxa 340(3): 256 (2018)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Polygala baetica Willk.; Willk. & Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 3: 559 (1878)
Distribution: S-Spain; Morocco
12 SPA 20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala baetica f. balleana Chodat; Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 31: 447 (1893)
= Polygala baetica var. balleana (Chodat) Chodat; Bol. Soc. Aragonesa Ci. Nat. 12: 164 (1913)
= Polygala baetica var. pallescens Emb. & Maire; Pl. Marocc. Nov. 3: 2 (1930)
= Polygala baetica var. sennenii (Pau) Maire; Cat. Pl. Maroc 2: 458 (1932)
= Polygala baetica var. stenoptera Humbert & Maire; Bull. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc 21-22: 6 (1929)
= Polygala major subsp. baetica (Willk.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur., Suppl. 2: 48 (1889)
= Polygala major var. baetica (Willk.) A.W.Benn.; J. Bot. 16: 274 (1878)
= Polygala nicaeensis Willk. ex Willk. & Lange; Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 3(3): 559 (1878) non Risso ex W. D. J. Koch
= Polygala rosea subsp. baetica (Willk.) Gand.; Nov. Consp. Fl. Eur.: 61 (1910)
= Polygala senneniana Pau; Cavanillesia 3: 77 (1930)
= Polygala sennenii Pau; Font Quer, Exsicc. (Iter Marocc.) 1929: no. 293 (1930)
species :
Polygala baikiei Chodat; Mem. Soc. Phys. Geveve 31: n. 2 334 (1893)
subspecies :
subsp. baikiei
Distribution: Guinea-Bissau; Mali; Burkina Faso; Ivory Coast; Togo; Benin; Nigeria; N-Cameroon; SW-Chad
22 BEN BKN GNB IVO MLI NGA TOG 23 CMN 24 CHA
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala tenuicaulis var. longifolia Oliv.; Fl. Trop. Afr. 1: 127 (1868)
subspecies :
subsp. pobeguinii (A.Chev. & Jacq.-Fél.) Paiva; Fontqueria 50: 201 (1998)
Distribution: Guinea
22 GUI
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala pobeguinii A.Chev. & Jacq.-Fél.; Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris, Ser. II. 10: 442 (1938)
species :
Polygala bakeriana Chodat; J. Bot., 199 (1896)
Distribution: E-D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Rwanda; ?Burundi; Uganda; N-Tanzania
23 RWA ZAI 25 TAN UGA
species :
Polygala barbata R.A.Kerrigan; Austral. Syst. Bot. 25(2): 99 (2012)
Distribution: Australia (Northern Territory)
50 AUS
species :
Polygala barbellata S.K.Chen; Acta Bot. Yunnan. 2(1): 83-85, f. 4: 1-9 (1980)
Distribution: China (SE-Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Polygala bariensis Thulin; Nordic J. Bot. 10(5): 467 (1990)
Distribution: E-Somalia
24 SOM
species :
Polygala barklyensis R.A.Kerrigan; Austral. Syst. Bot. 25(2): 99 (2012)
Distribution: Australia (Northern Territory)
50 AUS
species :
Polygala baumii Gürke; Warb., Kunene-Sambesi Exped. 276 (1903)
Distribution: SE-D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Angola; Zambia
23 ZAI 26 ANG ZAM
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala congestiflora I.M.Johnst.; Contr. Gray Herb. 73: 37 (1924)
= Polygala dewevrei var. schmitzii E.M.A.Petit; Bull. Jard. Bot. État Bruxelles 25: 333 (1955)
species :
Polygala bawanglingensis F.W.Xing & Z.X.Li; Acta Bot. Austro Sin. 6(6): 54, f. 1 (1990)
Distribution: China (Hainan)
36 CHI
species :
Polygala bennae Jacq.-Fél.; Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris, Ser. II. 10: 440 (1938)
Distribution: Guinea
22 GUI
Remarks: only known from type collected before 1938
Synonyms: hidden
= Heterosamara bennae (Jacq.-Fél.) Paiva; Fontqueria 50: 127 (1998)
species :
Polygala bifoliata R.A.Kerrigan; Austral. Syst. Bot. 25(2): 100 (2012)
Distribution: Australia (Northern Territory, Western Australia)
50 AUS
species :
Polygala biformipilis S.F.Blake; Contrb. Gray Herb. n. s. 47: 52 (1916)
Distribution: Mexico (Michoacan, Veracruz)
79 MEX
Remarks: status uncertain, belongs likely as a synonym into Senega
species :
Polygala birmanica Chodat; Bull. Herb. Boissier 3: 126 (1895)
Distribution: Myanmar
41 MYA
species :
Polygala boissieri Coss.; Notes Pl. Crit.: 100 (1851)
Distribution: SE-Spain; Morocco
12 SPA 20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala major var. boissieri (Coss.) A.W.Benn.; J. Bot. 16: 273 (1878)
= Polygala major Webb; Iter Hispan.: 66 (1838), nom. illeg.
= Polygala rosea Boiss.; Voy. Bot. Espagne 2: 81 (1839), nom. illeg.
= Polygala rosea subsp. boissieri (Coss.) Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 15: 95 (1924)
= Polygala rosea var. boissieri (Coss.) Bonnet; Expl. Sci. Tunisie, Cat. Pl.: ? (1896)
species :
Polygala bolbothrix Dunn; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1: 58 (1915) & in Bull. Misc. Inf. Kew 1916: 13 (1916)
Distribution: India (Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu); Vietnam
40 IND 41 VIE
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala ciliata Wight ex A.W.Benn.; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 1: 204 (1874) non L.
= Polygala ciliata Wight & Arn.; Prodr. 38 (1834), non L.
= Polygala ramaswamiana Mukerjee; J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 53: 55 (1955)
variant :
var. devicolamensis (Mukerjee) R.N.Banerjee; B. D. Sharma & N. P. Balakr. et al., Fl. India 2: 463 (1993)
Distribution: S-India (Tamil Nadu, Kerala)
40 IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala ramaswamiana f. devicolamensis Mukerjee; J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 53: 56 (1955)
= Polygala bolbothrix var. devicolamensis (Mukerjee) R.N.Banerjee & N.P.Balakr.; Fl. Kerala (2005), isonym
variant :
var. pulniensis (Mukerjee) R.N.Banerjee; B. D. Sharma & N. P. Balakr. et al., Fl. India 2: 463 (1993)
Distribution: S-India (Tamil Nadu, Kerala)
40 IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala ramaswamiana var. pulniensis Mukerjee; J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 53: 56 (1955)
= Polygala bolbothrix var. pulniensis (Mukerjee) R.N.Banerjee & N.P.Balakr.; Fl. Kerala (2005), isonym
species :
Polygala bomiensis S.K.Chen & J.Parn.; Fl. China 11: 157 (2008)
Distribution: Tibet
36 TIB
species :
Polygala bowkerae Harv.; Harv. & Sond. Fl. Cap. 1: 92 (1860)
Distribution: South Africa (W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala gracilipes var. angustifolia Chodat; Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 31(2: 2): 410 (1893)
= Polygala gracilipes var. macrostachya Chodat; Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 31(2: 2): 410 (1893)
= Polygala hispida E.Mey.; Drège, Zwei Pflanzengeogr. Dokum.: 212 (1843), nomen
species :
Polygala brachyphylla Chodat; Mém. Soc. Phys. Gení¨ve 31(2: 2): 417 (1893)
Distribution: South Africa (W-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala brevifolia Harv.; Harv. & Sond. Fl. Cap. 1: 90 (1860), non Nutt.
species :
Polygala brachysepala S.F.Blake; Contrib. Gray Herb. n. s. 47: 44 (1916)
Distribution: Mexico (Colima, Guerrero, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, San Luis Potosi)
79 MEX
Remarks: status uncertain, belongs likely as a synonym into Senega
species :
Polygala brachytropis S.F.Blake; Contrib. Gray Herb. n. s. 47: 46 (1916)
Distribution: Mexico (Hidalgo, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos)
79 MEX
Remarks: status uncertain, belongs likely as a synonym into Senega
species :
Polygala bracteolata L.; Sp. Pl. 702 (1753)
Distribution: South Africa (N-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala bracteata Thunb.; Prod. Pl. Cap. 120 (1800), orth. var.
= Polygala bracteolata var. racemosa Harv.; Harv. et al., Fl. Cap. 1: 84 (1860)
= Polygala bracteolata var. umbellata Harv.; Harv. et al., Fl. Cap. 1: 84 (1860)
= Polygala burmanni Eckl. & Zeyh.; Enum. Pl. Afric. Austral.: 21 (1835), nom. illeg.
= Polygala calycina C.Presl; Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss., ser. 5, 3: 445 (1845)
= Polygala intermedia Eckl. & Zeyh.; Enum. Pl. Afric. Austral. 21 (1834-35), nom. illeg.
= Polygala lasiopoda C.Presl; Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss., ser. 5, 3: 445 (1845)
= Polygala pilifera Hoffmanns.; Preiss-Verzeichn. Pflanzen. 10: 82 (1841)
= Polygala pubiflora Eckl. & Zeyh.; Enum. Pl. Afric. Austral. 20 (1834-35)
= Polygala subulata E.Mey.; Drège, Zwei Pfl. Docum. 212 (1843), nomen
= Psychanthus bracteolatus (L.) Spach; Hist. Nat. Vég. 7: 140 (1838)
species :
Polygala brandegeeana Chodat; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 52: Beibl. 115, 72 (1914)
Distribution: Mexico (Hidalgo, Puebla, Queretaro)
79 MEX
Remarks: status uncertain, belongs likely as a synonym into Senega
species :
Polygala brevialata Chodat; Mem. Soc. Phys. Geneve 31: n. 2 234 (1893)
Distribution: Colombia (Magdalena); Venezuela (Amazonas, Apure, Bolívar, Cojedes, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Falcon, Guarico, Monagas); Ecuador
82 CLM VEN 83 ECU
Remarks: status uncertain, belongs likely as a synonym into Senega
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala aristeguietae Wurdack; Bol. Soc. Venezuela Cienc. Nat. 22: 3 (1961)
= Polygala subsecunda S.F.Blake; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 51: 87 (1924)
species :
Polygala bringelii J.F.B.Pastore & Antar; Eur. J. Taxon. 762: 135 (2021)
Distribution: Brazil (Tocantins)
84 BRA
Remarks: status uncertain, belongs likely into Senega
species :
Polygala britteniana Chodat; J. Bot. 34: 198 (1896)
Distribution: Chad; Zambia
24 CHA 26 ZAM
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala phyllostigma (Chodat) Exell & Mendonça; Carrisso, Consp. Fl. Angol. 1: 98 (1937)
= Polygala britteniana var. phyllostigma Chodat; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 48: 319 (1912)
species :
Polygala butyracea Heckel; Bull. Soc. geogr. Marseille. [Veget. util. tropical Afr.] (1889) 4, t. 1, et in Hook. Icon. pl. 24: t. 2410 (1894)
Distribution: Guinea; Sierra Leone; Burkina Faso; Ivory Coast; Togo; Nigeria; Central African Republic; Java [I]
22 BKN GUI IVO NGA SIE TOG 23 CAF 42 jaw
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala oleifera Backer; Schoolfl. Java, 79 (1911), in syn.:
variant :
var. carunculata Paiva; Fontqueria 50: 201 (1998)
Distribution: Ghana
22 GHA
species :
Polygala buxiformis Hassk.; Miq. Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd. Bat. 1: 161 (1864)
Distribution: Pakistan; India (Andhra Pradesh, Delhi, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh); ?Sri Lanka; Bangladesh; Andaman Isl. & Nicobar Isl.; Myanmar; peninsular Malaysia
40 BAN IND PAK 41 MYA 42 MLY
species :
Polygala cabrae Chodat; Bull. Herb. Boissier 6: 888 (1898)
Distribution: Nigeria; Cameroon; Bioko Isl. [Fernando Poo]; Gabon; Cabinda; D.R.Congo [Zaire]
22 NGA 23 BIO CAB CMN GAB ZAI
Conservation Status: IUCN NT (Cameroon)
Synonyms: hidden
= Heterosamara cabrae (Chodat) Paiva; Fontqueria, 50:128 (1998)
species :
Polygala caerulescens S.F.Blake; N. Am. Fl. 25: 367 (1924)
Distribution: Mexico (Guanajuato, Puebla)
79 MEX
Remarks: status uncertain, belongs likely as a synonym into Senega
species :
Polygala calcarea F.W.Schultz; Flora (Regensburg) 20: 752 (1837)
Name: Kalk-Kreuzblümchen (DE)
Distribution: England; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Baden-Württemberg, Rheinland-Pfalz, Saarland); Switzerland; Spain; Andorra; France; ?Italy
10 GRB 11 BGM GER LUX SWI 12 ADO FRA SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala amara var. calcarea (F.W.Schultz) Paol.; Fiori et al., Fl. Anal. Italia 2: 231 (1901)
= Polygala amarella var. cantalicum (Jord.Puyf.) Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France 3: 77 (1896)
= Polygala amarella var. lanceolatum Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France 3: 77 (1896)
= Polygala amarella var. lanceolatum Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 3: 77 (1896)
= Polygala amarella var. minus Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France 3: 77 (1896)
= Polygala amarella var. ovatum Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France 3: 76 (1896)
= Polygala buxifolia var. glabra Rchb.; Iconogr. Bot. Pl. Crit. 1: 26 (1823)
= Polygala calcarea f. albiflora Andres; (1928), nom. inval.
= Polygala calcarea f. grandis Sennen; Bol. Soc. Aragonesa Ci. Nat. 4: 309 (1905), nomen
= Polygala calcarea f. rosea Andres; (1928), nom. inval.
= Polygala calcarea proles corbariensis (Timb.-Lagr.) Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France 3: 77 (1896)
= Polygala calcarea subsp. corbariensis (Timb.-Lagr.) Gand.; Nov. Consp. Fl. Eur.: 61 (1910)
= Polygala calcarea var. angustifolia Sennen & Pau; Bull. Acad. Int. Géogr. Bot. 21: 106 (1911)
= Polygala calcarea var. cantalica (Jord.Puyf.) Rouy & Foucaud; 77 (1896)
= Polygala calcarea var. condensata (Chodat) Hegi; 108 (1924)
= Polygala calcarea var. corbariensis Timb.-Lagr.; Rev. Bot. Bull. Mens. 10: 88 (1892)
= Polygala calcarea var. eliasii Sennen & Pau; Exsicc. (Pl. Esp.) 1911: no. 1288 (1912), nomen
= Polygala calcarea var. irimargarum P.Fourn.; Quatre Fl. France: 632 (1936), nomen
= Polygala calcarea var. ovata Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France 3: 76, 77 (1896)
= Polygala calcarea var. paui Chodat; Bol. Soc. Aragonesa Ci. Nat. 12: 160 (1913)
= Polygala calcarea var. subrosea Loscos & J.Pardo ex Willk.; Willk. & Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 3: 556 (1878)
= Polygala calcarea var. timbalii Legrand; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 28: 54 (1881)
= Polygala corbariensis (Timb.-Lagr.) A.W.Hill; Index Kew., Suppl. 6: 161 (1926)
= Polygala heribaudii Sennen; Bol. Soc. Aragonesa Ci. Nat. 11: 183 (1912)
= Polygala timbalii Legrand; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 28: 54 (1881)
= Polygala vulgaris var. calcarea (F.W.Schultz) Döll; 692 (1843)
species :
Polygala callispora Chodat; Beibl. Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 115: 70 (1914)
Distribution: SW-India
40 IND
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Polygala canaliculata R.A.Kerrigan; Austral. Syst. Bot. 25(2): 101 (2012)
Distribution: Australia (Western Australia)
50 AUS
species :
Polygala cardiocarpa Kurz; J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, Pl. 2, Nat. Hist. 41: II. 293 (1872)
Distribution: China (S-Yunnan); Bangladesh; Myanmar (Shan); N-Thailand; peninsular Malaysia (Langkawi Isl.)
36 CHI 40 BAN 41 MYA THA 42 MLY
Synonyms: hidden
= Heterosamara birmanica Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 47 (1891)
= Heterosamara cardiocarpa (Kurz) Paiva; Fontqueria 50: 133 (1998)
= Polygala heteroptera A.W.Benn. ex Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 47 (1891)
= Polygala lacei Craib; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1916(10): 260 (1916), nom. nov. for P. palustris Lace
= Polygala palustris Lace; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1915: 345 (1915)
species :
Polygala carnosa Mukerjee; J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 51: 525 (1953)
Distribution: Myanmar
41 MYA
species :
Polygala carnosicaulis W.H.Chen & Y.M.Shui; Acta Bot. Yunnan. 24(4): 428 (2002)
Distribution: China (Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Polygala carrissoana Exell & Mendonça; Bol. Soc. Brot. 1938-9, Ser. II. 13: 307 (1939)
Distribution: Congo [Brazzaville]; Cabinda; W-D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Angola
23 CAB CON ZAI 26 ANG
Synonyms: hidden
= Heterosamara carrissoana (Exell & Mendonça) Paiva; Fontqueria 50: 129 (1998)
species :
Polygala carueliana (Burnat ex A.W.Benn.) Caruel; Parl., Fl. Ital. 9: 117 (1890)
Name: Apuanische Kreuzblümchen
Distribution: Italy (Alpi Apuane)
13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala vulgaris var. carueliana Burnat ex A.W.Benn.; J. Bot. 16: 266 (1878)
= Polygala vulgaris var. carueliana A.W.Benn.; J. Bot. 16: 266 (1878)
species :
Polygala caucasica Rupr.; Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint Petersbourg 15(2): 165 (1869)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus] (incl. Abkhazia); Armenia; Azerbaijan; E-Turkey
33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 TUR
species :
Polygala caudata Rehder & E.H.Wilson; Pl. Wils. 2(1): 161-162 (1914)
Distribution: China (Guangdong, Guangxi, ?Guizhou, ?Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Yunnan); Tibet; India (Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Sikkim); N-Vietnam
36 CHI TIB 40 IND 41 VIE
Synonyms: hidden
= Heterosamara caudata (Rehder & E.H.Wilson) Paiva & P.Silveira; Nordic J. Bot. 25(5-6): 290 (2008)
= Polygala comesperma Chodat; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 52(1-2, Beibl. 115): 71-72 (1914)
= Polygala mariesii Hemsl.; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 23(152): 61, t. 2, f. 7-13 (1886)
species :
Polygala chiapensis S.F.Blake; Contrib. Gray Herb. n. s. 47: 40 (1916)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas)
79 MEX
Remarks: status uncertain, belongs likely as a synonym into Senega
species :
Polygala cisandina Chodat; Meded. Herb. Leid. No. 27, 28 (1915)
Distribution: Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, La Paz)
83 BOL
Remarks: status uncertain, belongs likely as a synonym into Senega
species :
Polygala citrina Thulin; Nordic J. Bot. 10(5): 474 (1990)
Distribution: SE-Somalia
24 SOM
species :
Polygala clavistyla R.A.Kerrigan; Austral. Syst. Bot. 25(2): 102 (2012)
Distribution: Australia (Northern Territory)
50 AUS
species :
Polygala comosa Schkuhr; Bot. Handb. 2: 324 (1796)
subspecies :
subsp. comosa
Name: Schopf-Kreuzblümchen (DE)
Distribution: Sweden; Finland; Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; France; Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; N-European Russia; W-European Russia; Ukraine; Crimea; Siberia (Altai, Buryatia, Chita, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva, W-Siberia, Yakutia); Russian Far East (Khabarovsk); Kazakhstan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Turkey (N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia); China (Xinjiang); Mongolia
10 FIN SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 FRA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS MNT NMA ROM SLV SRB TUE 14 BLR EST KRY LAT LIT RUS UKR 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ KGZ TZK UZB 33 NCS 34 TUR 36 CHI 37 MON
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala angustata Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 89 (1866)
= Polygala comosa f. lejeunei (Boreau) Ahlfv.; Neuman, 302 (1901)
= Polygala comosa f. leucostachys (Borbás) Ahlfv.; Neuman, 302 (1901)
= Polygala comosa f. oxysepala (Borbás) Ahlfv.; Neuman, 302 (1901)
= Polygala comosa subsp. lejeunei (Boreau) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 83 (1878)
= Polygala comosa subsp. provincialis (Rouy & Foucaud) P.Fourn.; Quatre Fl. France: 634 (1936)
= Polygala comosa var. adscendens Wender.; 241 (1831), nom. inval.
= Polygala comosa var. albiflora Bellynck; 321 (1855)
= Polygala comosa var. altaica Chodat; Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 31(2): 453 (1893)
= Polygala comosa var. elatior Wender.; 241 (1831), nom. inval.
= Polygala comosa var. grandiflora Wirtg.; 31 (1842)
= Polygala comosa var. hybrida (DC.) Petelin; Sosud. Rast. Sovet. Dal´nego Vostoka 2: 192 (1987)
= Polygala comosa var. lejeunei (Boreau) Chodat; Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 2: 454 (1893)
= Polygala comosa var. litigiosa Legrand; Statist. Bot. Forez: 84 (1873)
= Polygala comosa var. rosulata Bolle; 18 (1865)
= Polygala comosa var. stricta Wender.; 241 (1831), nom. inval.
= Polygala hybrida DC.; Prodr. 1: 325 (1824)
= Polygala lejeunei Boreau; Fl. Centre France, ed. 2, 2: 71 (1849)
= Polygala mori Brittinger ex Opiz; Naturalientausch 11: 307 (1826), sphalm.
= Polygala pinetorum Alechin; Predv. Otcet Rabot. Nizegorod. Geobot. Eksped. 4: 92 (1929)
= Polygala podolica DC.; Prodr. 1: 325 (1824)
= Polygala polymorpha var. comosa (Schkuhr) K.F.Schimp. & Spenn.; Spenn., 865 (1829), nom. illeg.
= Polygala vilhelmii Podp.; Verh. K. K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 54: 330 (1904)
= Polygala vulgaris lusus communis Regel; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 34(II): 515 (1862)
= Polygala vulgaris lusus intermedia Regel; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 34(II): 516 (1862)
= Polygala vulgaris lusus podolica (DC.) Regel; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 34(II): 516 (1862)
= Polygala vulgaris proles lejeunei (Boreau) Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France 3: 69 (1896)
= Polygala vulgaris subsp. comosa (Schkuhr) Celak.; Prodr. Fl. Böhmen: 534 (1875)
= Polygala vulgaris subsp. provincialis Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France 3: 69 (1896)
= Polygala vulgaris subvar. deseglisei (Le Grand) Chodat; Soc. Étude Fl. Franco-Helv., 12 (1894)
= Polygala vulgaris var. comosa (Schkuhr) Döll; 692 (1843)
= Polygala vulgaris var. comosa (Schkuhr) Regel; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 34(II): 514 (1862), isonym
= Polygala vulgaris var. grandiflora Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France 3: 68 (1896)
= Polygala vulgaris var. pyramidalis Chodat; Bull. Trav. Soc. Bot. Genève 5: 144 (1889)
= Polygala vulgaris var. stricta (Chodat) Vollm.; 500 (1914)
= Polygala wolfgangiana Bess. ex Szafer, Kulcz. & Pawl.; Rosl. Polsk.: 325 (1924)
= Polygala wolfgangiana subsp. rosulata Charit.; Form. Rastitel´n. Pokrova Basseyna Irtysha 90 (2022)
subspecies :
subsp. alibotuschiense Degen & Dren.; Magyar Bot. Lapok 32: 148 (1933)
Distribution: Bulgaria
13 BUL
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala comosa var. alibotuschiense (Degen & Dren.) Kozuharov & Petrova; Fl. Nar. Republ. Bulgariya 7: 208 (1979)
species :
Polygala compacta Rose; U. S. Dept. Agric. Contrib. Nat. Herb. 8: 315 (1905)
Distribution: Mexico (Aguascalientes, Baja California Sur, Coahuila, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Zacatecas)
79 MEX
Remarks: status uncertain, belongs likely as a synonym into Senega
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala pubescens Chodat; Engl. & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 3(4): 331 (1896), nom. illeg.
= Polygala pubescens var. gracilis Chodat; Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 31(2: 2): 22 (1893)
species :
Polygala compressa H.Perrier; Bull. Acad. Malgache, o. s. 14: 17 (1931 publ. 1932)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala compressa f. mandrarensis H.Perrier; Fl. Madagasc. 109: 22 (1955)
species :
Polygala conosperma Bojer; Ann. Sci. Nat. Ser. II. 4: 266 (1835)
Distribution: Kenya; N-Tanzania
25 KEN TAN
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala aphrodisiaca Gürke; Engl. Pflanzenw. Ost-Afr. B (1895) 514, et C 234 (1895)
species :
Polygala conzattii Rose; Contrib. US. Nat Herb 13: 307 (1911)
Distribution: Mexico (Oaxaca)
79 MEX
Remarks: status uncertain, belongs likely as a synonym into Senega
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala conzattii Gand.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 60: 454 (1913), nom. illeg.
species :
Polygala coralliformis R.A.Kerrigan; Austral. Syst. Bot. 25(2): 102 (2012)
Distribution: Australia (Northern Territory)
50 AUS
species :
Polygala crassitesta R.A.Kerrigan; Austral. Syst. Bot. 25(2): 103 (2012)
Distribution: Australia (Northern Territory, Queensland, Western Australia)
50 AUS
species :
Polygala crista-galli Chodat; Bull. Soc. Bot. Genbe ser. 2, 5: 110 (1913)
Name: Hahnenkamm-Kreuzblümchen
Distribution: S-Greece
13 GRC
species :
Polygala cristata P.Taylor; Kew Bull. 1953: 78 (1953)
Distribution: ?Guinea; Sierra Leone; Liberia; Ivory Coast
22 IVO LBR SIE
species :
Polygala crotalarioides Buch.-Ham. ex DC.; Prodr. 1: 327 (1824)
Distribution: China (SW-Sichuan, N-Yunnan); S-Tibet; Nepal; Bhutan; India (Assam, Bihar, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Odisha, Tripura, Uttarakhand); Bangladesh; Myanmar (Chin); Thailand; Laos; Vietnam
36 CHI TIB 40 BAN BHU IND NEP 41 LAO MYA THA VIE
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala ardisioides Craib; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1925: 17 (1925)
= Polygala capitata Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don; Prod. Fl. Nep. 199 (1825)
= Polygala crotalarioides var. glabrescens Collett & Hemsl.; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 28: 22 (1890)
= Polygala pygmaea Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 2: 373 (1841), nomen
= Polygala umbrosa Mart.; Denkschr. Bot. Ges. Regensb. 1: 183 (1815)
species :
Polygala cuspidulata S.F.Blake; Contrib. Gray Herb. n. s. 47: 45 (1916)
Distribution: Mexico (Oaxaca, Puebla)
79 MEX
Remarks: status uncertain, belongs likely as a synonym into Senega
species :
Polygala dasanensis Thulin; Nordic J. Bot. 21: 394 (2001 publ. 2002)
Distribution: NE-Somalia
24 SOM
Remarks: only known from type collected in 2000
species :
Polygala dasyphylla Levyns; J. South Afr. Bot. 21: 39 (1955)
Distribution: South Africa (W-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
species :
Polygala decidua S.F.Blake; Contrib. Gray Herb. n. s. 47: 97 (1916)
Distribution: Mexico (Durango, Guanajuato, Michoacan)
79 MEX
Remarks: status uncertain, belongs likely as a synonym into Senega
species :
Polygala declinata (Harv.) Paiva; Fontqueria 50: 210 (1998)
Distribution: South Africa (Gauteng)
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala hispida var. declinata Harv.; Harv. et al., Fl. Cap. 1: 91 (1860)
species :
Polygala deflorata Chodat; Mem. Soc. Phys. Geneve 31: n. 2 23 (1893)
Distribution: ?Peru
Remarks: status uncertain, belongs likely as a synonym into Senega
species :
Polygala dependens R.A.Kerrigan; Austral. Syst. Bot. 25(2): 104 (2012)
Distribution: Australia (Northern Territory, Queensland)
50 AUS
species :
Polygala dewevrei Exell; J. Bot. 70: 186 (1932)
Distribution: D.R.Congo [Zaire]; E-Angola; Zambia
23 ZAI 26 ANG ZAM
species :
Polygala dhofarica Baker; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1895: 181 (1895)
Distribution: Oman (Dhofar)
35 OMA
species :
Polygala didyma C.Y.Wu; Acta Bot. Yunnan. 2(1): 82-83, f. 3, 4-6 (1980)
Distribution: China (NW-Yunnan: Gongshan Xian)
36 CHI
species :
Polygala difficilis R.A.Kerrigan; Austral. Syst. Bot. 25(2): 104 (2012)
Distribution: Australia (Northern Territory, Queensland)
50 AUS
species :
Polygala dimorphotricha R.A.Kerrigan; Austral. Syst. Bot. 25(2): 105 (2012)
Distribution: Australia (Northern Territory, Western Australia)
50 AUS
species :
Polygala dispar Ghaz.; Edinb. J. Bot. 51(1): 59 (1994)
Distribution: Oman
35 OMA
species :
Polygala doerfleri Hayek; Beitr. Kenntn. Fl. Albanisch-Montenegr. Grenzgeb.: 33 (1917)
Name: Albanisches Kreuzblümchen (DE)
Distribution: Kosovo; N-Albania
13 ALB KOS
species :
Polygala dunniana H.Lév.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 9(214-216): 326 (1911)
Distribution: China (Guizhou, Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Polygala edmundii Chodat; Bull. Herb. Boissier 4: 911 (1896)
Distribution: NW-Spain (Cordillera Cantabrica)
12 SPA
species :
Polygala effusa Paiva & Thulin; Nordic J. Bot. 10(5): 471 (1990)
Distribution: E-Ethiopia; Somalia
24 ETH SOM
species :
Polygala ehlersii Gürke; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 19(47): 36 (1894)
Distribution: Chad; S-Kenya; N-Tanzania
24 CHA 25 KEN TAN
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala kaessneri Gürke; M. D. Bigger, Checklist Fl. Kilimanjaro: 8 (1968)
species :
Polygala elegans Wall. ex Royle; Ill. Bot. Himal. Mts. 76 (1839)
Distribution: SE-Tibet; Nepal; Bhutan; N-India (Uttarakhand, Garhwal, Arunachal Pradesh)
36 TIB 40 BHU IND NEP
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala elegans Wall.; (Cat. 147, no. 4186 (1831), nomen) ex Royle, op. cit. 76 (1834)
= Polygala myrsinites Royle; Ill. Bot. Himal. t. 19A 1-3 (1834)
= Polygala sibirica subsp. elegans (Wall. ex Royle) Kit Tan; Edinb. J. Bot. 47(3): 353 (1990)
= Polygala sibirica var. elegans (Royle) H.Hara; J. Jap. Bot. 47: 272 (1972)
species :
Polygala emirnensis Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 20: 89 (1883)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
species :
Polygala engleri Chodat; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 48: 309 (1912)
Distribution: Congo [Brazzaville]; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Rwanda; ?Burundi
23 CON RWA ZAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Heterosamara engleri (Chodat) Paiva; Fontqueria 50: 125 (1998)
species :
Polygala engleriana Buscal. & Muschl.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 49: 476 (1913)
Distribution: SE-D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Zambia; ?Zimbabwe
23 ZAI 26 ZAM
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala friesii Chodat; Wiss Ergebn. Schwed. Rhod.-Kongo-Exped. 1911-12 1: 113 (1914)
species :
Polygala ephedroides Burch.; Trav. 1: 465 (1822)
Distribution: Namibia; South Africa (Free State, N-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.)
27 NAM SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala genistoides var. ephedroides (Burch.) DC.
= Polygala xerophytica Chodat; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 48: 329 (1912)
species :
Polygala ericifolia DC.; Prod. 1: 323 (1824)
Distribution: South Africa (W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala acerosa E.Mey.; Drège, Zwei Pfl. Docum. 212 (1843)
= Polygala eckloniana Lehm.; Del. Sem. Hort. Hamb. 8 (1830)
= Polygala ericifolia var. eckloniana (Lehm.) Harv.; Harv. et al., Fl. Cap. 1: 87 (1860)
= Polygala mundiana Eckl. & Zeyh.; Enum. Pl. Afric. Austral. 22 (1834-35)
species :
Polygala eriocephala F.Muell. ex Benth.; Fl. Austral. 1: 139 (1863)
Distribution: Australia (Western Australia, Northern Territory)
50 AUS
species :
Polygala erioptera DC.; Prodr. 1: 326 (1824)
subspecies :
subsp. erioptera
Distribution: ?Morocco; Western Sahara; Algeria; Libya; Egypt (NE-Egypt, Nile Valley, SE-Egypt); Cape Verde Isl. (Santo Antao Isl., Sao Vicente Isl., Santa Luzia Isl., Ilha de Sao Nicolau, Sal Isl., Ilha da Boa Vista, Ilha de Maio, Ilha de Sao Tiago, Fogo Isl., Ilha Brava); Mauritania; Senegal; Mali; Burkina Faso; Ivory Coast; Ghana; Togo; Niger; Nigeria; N-Cameroon; Central African Republic; Cabinda; E-D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Rwanda; ?Burundi; Chad; Sudan; South Sudan; Ethiopia; Ethiopia; Eritrea; Somalia; Somalia; Abd-al-Kuri Isl.; Samha Isl.; Soqotra; Uganda; Kenya; Angola; Zambia; Malawi; Zimbabwe; Mozambique; Namibia; South Africa (Limpopo, Mpulamanga); Iran (S-Iran); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai); Saudi Arabia (C-Saudi Arabia, NE-Saudi Arabia, Hejaz, Asir); Kuwait; Bahrain; Qatar; United Arab Emirates; Oman (Dhofar, Mascat & Oman); Yemen (Aden Desert, Tihama, W-Yemen); Pakistan (Karachi, Sind, Baluchistan, Pakistani Punjab); India (Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Delhi, Gujarat, Haryana, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal); Lakshadweep Isl. [Laccadives]; Maldives; Bangladesh; Myanmar; Thailand; Vietnam
20 ALG EGY LBY WSA 21 CVI 22 BKN GHA IVO MLI MTN NGA NGR SEN TOG 23 CAB CAF CMN RWA ZAI 24 CHA ERI ETH SOC SOM SSU SUD 25 KEN UGA 26 ANG MLW MOZ ZAM ZIM 27 NAM SAF 34 IRN SIN 35 BAR KUW OMA QAT SAU UAE YEM 40 BAN IND LDV MDV PAK 41 MYA THA VIE
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala arabica Edgew.; J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, Pl. 2, Nat. Hist. 16: II. 1213 (1847), nom. illeg.
= Polygala erioptera f. fallax Roberty
= Polygala erioptera var. abyssinica Chodat; Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 31(2: 2): 344 (1893)
= Polygala erioptera var. foliosa Schweinf.; Bull. Herb. Boissier 7(App. 2): 297 (1899)
= Polygala erioptera var. maxima Chodat; Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 31(2: 2): 344 (1893)
= Polygala leptorhiza DC.; Prod. 1: 326 (1824)
= Polygala linearis R.Br.; Salt, Abyss. App. 65 (1814), nomen
= Polygala multibracteata Wall.; Numer. List no. 4174 (1831), nomen
= Polygala noucherensis Cambess.; Jacquem., Voy. Inde 4: 24 (1841)
= Polygala nubica Hochst. ex Chodat; Mem. Soc. Phys. Geneve 31: n. 2 343 (1893)
= Polygala nubica Hochst. ex Oliv.; Fl. Trop. Afr. 1: 129 (1868)
= Polygala obtusata DC.; Prod. 1: 326 (1824)
= Polygala oligantha A.Rich.; Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 38 (1847)
= Polygala paulayana Vierh.; Oesterr. Bot. Zeitschr., 35 (1904)
= Polygala retusa Hochst. ex Chodat; Mem. Soc. Phys. Geneve 31: n. 2 342 (1893), nomen
= Polygala retusa Hochst. ex Oliv.; Fl. Trop. Afr. 1: 129 (1868)
= Polygala schimperi Hassk.; Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 1: 178 (1864), nom. illeg.
= Polygala serpillifolia Poir.; Lam., Encycl. 5: 499 (1804), nom. illeg.
= Polygala serpyllifolia Wight; Wall., Numer. List no. 4173 (1831), nomen
= Polygala thurmanniana Chodat; Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 31(2: 2): 346 (1893)
= Polygala tomentosa Vahl ex DC.; Prodr. 1: 326 (1824), nomen
= Polygala triflora Oliv.; Fl. Trop. Afr. 1: 128 (1868), nom. illeg.
= Polygala erioptera var. vahliana (DC.) Chodat; Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 31: 345 (1893)
= Polygala vahliana DC.; Prodr. 1: 326 (1824)
subspecies :
subsp. petraea (Chodat) Paiva; Fontqueria 50: 172 (1998)
Distribution: Angola; South Africa (W-Cape Prov.)
26 ANG 27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala petraea Chodat; Mem. Soc. Phys. Geneve 31: n. 2 346 (1893)
species :
Polygala erlangeri Gürke ex Chodat; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 48: 313 (1912)
Distribution: E-Ethiopia; Somalia; NE-Kenya
24 ETH SOM 25 KEN
species :
Polygala erubescens E.Mey. ex Chodat; Mem. Soc. Phys. Geneve. 31: n. 2 398 (1893)
Distribution: South Africa (Free State, E-Cape Prov.); Lesotho
27 LES SAF
species :
Polygala evolvulacea Barneby; Rhodora 72: 67 (1970)
Distribution: Mexico (Tamaulipas)
79 MEX
Remarks: status uncertain, belongs likely as a synonym into Senega
species :
Polygala exelliana Troupin; Bull. Jard. Bot. État Bruxelles 19: 206 (1948)
Distribution: E-D.R.Congo [Zaire]; ?Tanzania; Zambia; Malawi
23 ZAI 26 MLW ZAM
species :
Polygala exilis DC.; Cat. Pl. Hort. Monsp.: 133 (1813)
Distribution: Switzerland; Spain; France; Italy
11 SWI 12 FRA SPA 13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Microlophium exile (DC.) Fourr.; Ann. Soc. L. Lyon, N. S. 17: 195 (1869)
= Polygala exilis subsp. linearis (Lag.) Gand.; Nov. Consp. Fl. Eur.: 62 (1910)
= Polygala exilis subsp. parviflora Loisel. ex Gand.; Nov. Consp. Fl. Eur.: 62 (1910)
= Polygala exilis var. gracillima Costa; Anales Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 3: 177 (1874)
= Polygala exilis var. linearis (Lag.) Nyman; Syll. Fl. Eur.: 211 (1855)
= Polygala linearis Lag.; Gen. Sp. Pl.: 22 (1816)
= Polygala nova Boissieu; Fl. Europe 1: t. 174, f. 1 (1805)
= Polygala paniculata Forssk.; Fl. Aegypt.-Arab.: cxvii (1775), nom. illeg.
= Polygala parviflora Loisel.; J. Bot. (Desvaux) 2: 360 (1809), nom. illeg.
species :
Polygala exsquarrosa Adema; Blumea 14: 268 (1967)
Distribution: Moluccas (Aru Isl.); New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea); Australia (Western Australia, Northern Territory, Queensland)
42 MOL NWG 50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala arvensis var. squarrosa Benth.; Fl. Austral. 1: (1863)
= Polygala chinensis var. squarrosa (Benth.) Domin; Biblioth. Bot. 22(89): 857 (1927)
species :
Polygala fadimeana Dönmez & Cecen; Nordic J. Bot. 2023(6)-e03951: 3 (2023)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Polygala fischeri Gürke; Bot. Jahrb. 14: 310 (1892)
Distribution: E-D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Rwanda; ?Burundi; Uganda; NE-Tanzania
23 RWA ZAI 25 TAN UGA
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala sphenoptera var. fischeri (Gürke) E.M.A.Petit; Fl. Congo Belge 7: 252 (1958)
= Polygala lentiana Gürke; Pflanzenw. Ost-Afrikas C 233 (1895)
species :
Polygala flavescens DC.; Cat. Pl. Hort. Monsp.: 134 (1813)
subspecies :
subsp. flavescens
Name: Gelbes Kreuzblümchen
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala vulgaris var. flavescens (DC.) Paol.; Fiori et al., Fl. Anal. Italia 2: 230 (1901)
= Polygala rogeri Oertz. ex Ten.; Syll. Pl. Fl. Neapol. 340 (1831)
subspecies :
subsp. maremmana (Fiori) Arrigoni; Inform. Bot. Ital. 46(2): 251 (2014)
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala flavescens var. maremmana Fiori; Sched. Fl. Ital. Exs. (in sched.) no. 923 (1905)
subspecies :
subsp. pisaurensis (Caldesi) Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital. 68 (1882)
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala pisaurensis Caldesi; Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 11: 189 (1879)
= Polygala vulgaris var. pisaurensis (Caldesi) Paol.; Fiori et al., Fl. Anal. Italia 2: 230 (1901)
species :
Polygala forbesii Chodat; Bull. Herb. Boissier 4: 234 (1896)
Distribution: China (Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, ?Guizhou, Hunan, Jiangxi, Yunnan); Vietnam
36 CHI 41 VIE
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala aureocauda Dunn; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1911(4): 188 (1911)
= Polygala fallax Hemsl.; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 23(152): 59-60 (1886) (not Hayek ex Zahlbr.)
species :
Polygala forojulensis A.Kern.; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 24: 102 (1874)
subspecies :
subsp. forojulensis
Distribution: Italy; Slovenia
13 ITA SLV
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala nicaeensis subsp. forojulensis (A.Kern.) P.Graebn.; Asch. & Graebn., Syn Mitteleur. Fl. 7: 338 (1916)
= Polygala pedemontana subsp. forojulensis (A.Kern.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 28(1): 107 (1993)
= Polygala vulgaris f. forojulensis (A.Kern.) Paol.; Fiori et al., Fl. Anal. Italia 2: 230 (1901)
= Polygala vulgaris var. forojulensis (A.Kern.) Fiori; Nuov. Fl. Italia 2(1): 124 (1925)
subspecies :
subsp. adriatica (Chodat) Arrigoni; Inform. Bot. Ital. 46(2): 248 (2014)
Distribution: Italy; Slovenia; Croatia
13 CRO ITA SLV
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala nicaeensis subvar. istriensis Chodat; Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 31(2: 2): 461 (1893)
= Polygala nicaeensis var. adriatica Chodat; Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 31: 461 (1893)
= Polygala vulgaris var. adriatica (Chodat) Fiori; Nuov. Fl. Italia 2: 124 (1925)
subspecies :
subsp. carniolica (A.Kern.) Arrigoni; Inform. Bot. Ital. 46(2): 248 (2014)
Distribution: Germany; Switzerland; Hungary; Italy; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Romania; Bulgaria; Greece
11 GER HUN SWI 13 BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA ROM
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala amara subsp. carniolica (A.Kern.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. Suppl. 2: 49 (1889)
= Polygala carniolica A.Kern.; Fl. Exsicc. Austro-Hung.: no 870 (1883) (in sched. basion.)
= Polygala kerneri Dalla Torre & Sarnth.; Fl. Tirol 6(2): 764 (1909)
= Polygala nicaeensis f. speciosa (Chodat) A.Kern.; C. de Marchesetti, Fl. Trieste: 54 (1896)
= Polygala nicaeensis subsp. carniolica (A.Kern.) P.Graebn.; Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 7: 339 (1916)
= Polygala nicaeensis subvar. speciosa Chodat; Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 31(2: 2): 461 (1893)
= Polygala vulgaris f. speciosa (Chodat) Fiori & Paol.; Fiori et al., Fl. Anal. Italia 2: 230 (1901)
= Polygala vulgaris var. speciosa (Chodat) Fiori; Nuov. Fl. Italia 2: 124 (1925)
species :
Polygala fragilis Paiva; Portug. Acta Biol., B 9: 175 (1968)
Distribution: Angola
26 ANG
species :
Polygala francisci Exell; Bol. Soc. Brot., Ser. 2, 31: 7 (1957)
Distribution: Zimbabwe; Mozambique
26 MOZ ZIM
species :
Polygala fruticosa P.J.Bergius; Desc. Pl. Cap. 183 (1767)
Distribution: South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal, N-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Eswatini [Swaziland]
27 SAF SWZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala attenuata G.Lodd. ex G.Don; Gen. Hist. 1: 351 (1831), nom. illeg.
= Polygala borboniifolia Burch. ex DC.; Prod. 1: 322 (1824)
= Polygala cordifolia Thunb.; Prod. Pl. Cap. 120 (1800)
= Polygala diffusa A.Dietr.; Allg. Gartenzeitung 2: 114 (1834)
= Polygala dregeana C.Presl; Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss., ser. 5, 3: 444 (1845)
= Polygala glauca E.Mey.; Drège, Zwei Pfl. Docum. 212 (1843), nomen
= Polygala grandis Anon.; Gartenflora 36: 241 (1887), nom. illeg.
= Polygala imbricata Hayek; Ann. K. K. Naturhist. Hofmus. 15: 45 (1900 publ. 1901)
= Polygala latifolia Ker Gawl.; Bot. Reg, t. 645 (1822)
= Polygala macrantha Turcz.; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 27(II): 345 (1854 publ. 1855)
= Polygala meyeriana C.Presl; Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss., ser. 5, 3: 444 (1845)
= Polygala nummularia Burch. ex DC.; Prod. 1: 322 (1824)
= Polygala oppositifolia L.; Mant. 2: 259 (1771), nom. superfl.
= Polygala oppositifolia var. borboniifolia (Burch. ex DC.) Harv.; Harv. et al., Fl. Cap. 1: 82 (1860)
= Polygala oppositifolia var. cordata Harv.; Harv. et al., Fl. Cap. 1: 82 (1860)
= Polygala oppositifolia var. cuspidata Harv.; Harv. et al., Fl. Cap. 1: 82 (1860)
= Polygala oppositifolia var. lanceolata Harv.; Harv. et al., Fl. Cap. 1: 82 (1860)
= Polygala oppositifolia var. latifolia (Ker Gawl.) Harv.; Harv. et al., Fl. Cap. 1: 82 (1860)
= Polygala oppositifolia var. nummularia (Burch. ex DC.) Harv.; Harv. et al., Fl. Cap. 1: 82 (1860)
= Polygala oppositifolia var. rhombifolia (Eckl. & Zeyh.) Harv.; Harv. et al., Fl. Cap. 1: 82 (1860)
= Polygala oppositifolia var. trigonoides Harv.; Harv. et al., Fl. Cap. 1: 82 (1860)
= Polygala rhombifolia Eckl. & Zeyh.; Enum. Pl. Afric. Austral. 18 (1834-35)
= Polygala tetragona Burch. ex DC.; Prod. 1: 322 (1824)
= Polygala tomentosa Thunb.; Prodr. Pl. Cap.: 120 (1800)
= Polygala zeyheri Spreng. ex Eckl. & Zeyh.; Enum. Pl. Afric. Austral. 18 (1834-35)
= Psychanthus oppositifolius Spach; Hist. Nat. Vég. 7: 133 (1838), nom. superfl.
species :
Polygala furcata Royle; Ill. Bot. Himal. t. 19B, 1-4 (1834)
Distribution: China (Guangxi, Guizhou, Yunnan); Pakistan; Nepal; Bhutan; Bhutan; India (Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Odisha, Punjab, Sikkim, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal); Bangladesh; Myanmar (Kayin, Mon, Mandalay)
36 CHI 40 BAN BHU IND NEP PAK 41 MYA
Synonyms: hidden
= Heterosamara furcata (Royle) Paiva; Fontqueria 50: 131 (1998)
= Polygala glaucescens Royle ex Chodat; Bull. Herb. Boissier 3: 126 (1895)
= Polygala glaucescens Wall.; (Cat. 147, no. 4182 (1831), nomen) ex Royle, Ill. Bot. Him. 76 (1834)
= Polygala hyalina Wall.; Numer. List no. 4181 (1831), nomen
= Polygala triphylla Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don; Prodr. Fl. Nep. 200 (1825)
= Polygala triphylla var. glaucescens (Royle) A.W.Benn.; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 201 (1872)
= Salomonia seguinii H.Lév.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 52: 291 (1904)
= Semeiocardium glaucescens (Wall. ex Royle) Hassk.; Miq. Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd. Bat. 1: 151 (1864)
species :
Polygala gabrielae Domin; Biblioth. Bot. 22(89): 304 (1927)
Distribution: Australia (Northern Territory)
50 AUS
species :
Polygala galeocephala R.A.Kerrigan; Austral. Syst. Bot. 25(2): 109 (2012)
Distribution: Australia (Northern Territory, Western Australia)
50 AUS
species :
Polygala galeottii Chodat; Mem. Soc. Phys. Geneve 31: n. 2 28 (1893)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Veracruz)
79 MEX
Remarks: status uncertain, belongs likely as a synonym into Senega
species :
Polygala galpinii Hook.f.; Bot. Mag. (1895) t. 7439
Distribution: South Africa (Mpulamanga, KwaZulu-Natal); Eswatini [Swaziland]
27 SAF SWZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Heterosamara galpinii (Hook.f.) Paiva; Fontqueria 50: 125 (1998)
species :
Polygala ganguelensis Exell & Mendonça; Carrisso, Consp. Fl. Angol. 1: 100 (1937)
Distribution: Cameroon; Gabon; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Angola; Zambia
23 CMN GAB ZAI 26 ANG ZAM
species :
Polygala garcini DC.; Prod. 1: 323 (1824)
Distribution: South Africa (N-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala dodii Schltr.; J. Bot. 36: 24 (1898)
= Polygala orthostigma Chodat; Beibl. Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 115: 85 (1914)
= Polygala zahlbruckneri Hayek; Ann. K. K. Naturhist. Hofmus. 15: 45 (1900 publ. 1901)
species :
Polygala gawenensis Thulin; Nordic J. Bot. 10(5): 470 (1990)
Distribution: Somalia
24 SOM
species :
Polygala gayii A.W.Benn.; J. Bot. 17: 168 (1879)
Distribution: Chile (Valparaíso, Metropolitana de Santiago, O´Higgins, Maule, Ñuble, Biobío, Araucanía, Los Lagos)
85 CLE
Remarks: status uncertain, belongs likely as a synonym into Senega
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala stricta Gay; Fl. Chil. (Gay) 1: 236 (1846)
= Polygala stricta var. parvula Reiche; Anales Univ. Chile 90: 917 (1895)
species :
Polygala gazensis Baker f.; J. Linn Soc., Bot. 40: 24 (1911)
Distribution: Zimbabwe; Mozambique; South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal, E-Cape Prov.)
26 MOZ ZIM 27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala esterae Chodat; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 48: 331 (1912)
= Polygala teretifolia var. gazensis (Baker f.) Norl.; Bot. Not. 1935: 366 (1935)
species :
Polygala geniculata R.A.Kerrigan; Austral. Syst. Bot. 25(2): 109 (2012)
Distribution: Australia (Northern Territory)
50 AUS
species :
Polygala gerrardii Chodat; Bull. Herb. Boissier 4: 237 (1896)
Distribution: South Africa (Limpopo, Gauteng, Mpulamanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal)
27 SAF
species :
Polygala gilletiana E.Petit; Bull. Jard. Bot. État Bruxelles 25: 334 (1955)
Distribution: Central African Republic; W-D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Chad
23 CAF ZAI 24 CHA
species :
Polygala glaucifolia R.A.Kerrigan; Austral. Syst. Bot. 25(2): 110 (2012)
Distribution: Australia (Western Australia, Northern Territory, South Australia, Queensland)
50 AUS
species :
Polygala glaucocarpa Ridl.; J. Fed. Mal. States Mus. 8: IV. 16 (1917)
Distribution: Sumatra
42 SUM
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala sumatrana Chodat; Bull. Herb. Boissier 4: 234 (1896), nom. illeg.
species :
Polygala glaucoides L.; Sp. Pl. 705 (1753)
Distribution: Taiwan; India (Bihar, Daman & Diu, Goa, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu); Lakshadweep Isl. [Laccadives]; Sri Lanka; Thailand; Laos; Singapore [I]; W-Sumatra; Sulawesi; Java; Lesser Sunda Isl. (Timor)
38 TAI 40 IND LDV SRL 41 LAO THA 42 JAW LSI sng SUL SUM
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala brachystachya Blume; Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind.: 59 (1825), nom. illeg.
= Polygala chinensis var. brachystachya Blume; Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind.: 59 (1825)
= Polygala confusa Hassk.; Miq. Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd. Bat. 1: 165 (1864)
= Polygala dura Wight ex Wall.; Numer. List no. 4171 (1831), nomen
= Polygala elongata J.G.Klein ex Willd.; Sp. Pl. ed. 4. 3: 879 (1802)
= Polygala elongata Klein ex Willd.; Sp. Pl. 3: 879 (1802)
= Polygala eumekes Hassk.; Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 1: 172 (1864)
= Polygala glomerata Thwaites; Enum. Pl. Zeyl.: 400 (1864), nom. illeg.
= Polygala heterotricha Zipp. ex Span.; Linnaea 15: 167 (1841)
= Polygala humilis Span.; Linnaea 15: 167 (1841)
= Polygala macrostachya Hassk.; Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 1: 171 (1864), non Chodat
variant :
var. laotica (Gagnep.) Pendry; Novon 9(4): 545 (1999)
Distribution: Thailand; Laos; Cambodia
41 CBD LAO THA
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala ciliata var. laotica Gagnep.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 56: 19 (1909)
species :
Polygala globulifera Dunn; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 35(247): 486 (1903)
Distribution: China (S-Yunnan); India (Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Meghalaya); Myanmar
36 CHI 40 IND 41 MYA
variant :
var. longiracemosa S.K.Chen; Acta Bot. Yunnan. 2(1): 83 (1980)
Distribution: China (NW-Yunnan); SE-Tibet; India (Arunachal Pradesh); Myanmar
36 CHI TIB 40 IND 41 MYA
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala arillata f. kachinensis Mukerjee; Bull. Bot. Soc. Bengal 12: 30 (1958)
= Polygala globulifera var. kachinensis (Mukerjee) R.N.Ran ex R.N.Ran et al.; Bull. Bot. Surv. India 26(1-2): 6 (1984)
species :
Polygala glomerata Lour.; Fl. Cochinch. 2: 426 (1790)
Distribution: China (Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, ?Guizhou, Hainan, ?Sichuan, Yunnan, ?Zhejiang); ?Taiwan; Pakistan (N. W. Frontier Prov., Swat, Pakistani Punjab, Rawalpindi); Bhutan; India (Assam, Bihar, Jharkhand, Kerala Madhya Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, West Bengal); Sri Lanka; Bangladesh; Myanmar; Thailand; Laos; Cambodia; Vietnam; peninsular Malaysia (Penang); Sumatra; Borneo; Philippines (Luzon, Golo, Jolo, Mindanao); Java; Lesser Sunda Isl. (Sumbawa, Sumba, Flores); Moluccas; New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea); Australia [I] (Queensland [I]); Palau (Babeldaob); Fed. States of Micronesia (Yap)
36 CHI 40 BAN BHU IND PAK SRL 41 CBD LAO MYA THA VIE 42 BOR JAW LSI MLY MOL NWG PHI SUM 50 aus 62 MIC PLU
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala angustifolia B.Heyne ex Wight & Arn.; Prodr. Fl. Ind. Orient. 1: 37 (1834), nom. illeg.
= Polygala chinensis L.; Sp. Pl. 11: 704 (1753) (nom. rej.)
= Polygala densiflora Blume; Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 59 (1825)
= Polygala depauperata Wall.; Numer. List no. 4180 (1831), nomen
= Polygala exigua Hassk.; Miq. Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd. Bat. 1: 173 (1864)
= Polygala glomerata var. langbianensis A.Chev. ex Gagnep.; (1939)
= Polygala glomerata var. pedunculosa Thwaites; Enum. Pl. Zeyl.: 400 (1864)
= Polygala grandiflora Wight; Wall., Numer. List no. 4175 (1831), nomen
= Polygala linariifolia Poir.; Lam., Encycl. 5: 495 (1804), nom. illeg.
= Polygala linearis B.Heyne ex Wight & Arn.; Prodr. Fl. Ind. Orient. 38 (1834), nomen
= Polygala procumbens B.Heyne ex Roth; Nov. Pl. Sp.: 329 (1821)
= Polygala procumbens var. angustifolia Roth; Nov. Pl. Sp.: 329 (1821)
= Polygala ramosa Wight; Wall., Numer. List no. 4177 (1831), nomen
= Polygala rothiana Wight & Arn.; Wight, Cat. Ind. Pl.: 9 (1833)
= Polygala senduaris Buch.-Ham. ex Wall.; Numer. List no. 4170 B (1831), nomen
= Polygala sinensis J.F.Gmel.; Syst. 1082 (1792)
= Polygala socotrana Chodat; Bull. Herb. Boissier 4: 236 (1896)
= Polygala thwaitesii Hassk.; Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 1: 169 (1864)
= Polygala toxoptera Turcz.; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 27(II): 348 (1854 publ. 1855)
= Polygala tranquebarica Mart.; Denkschr. Bot. Ges. Regensb. 1: 186 (1815)
= Polygala varians Mart.; Denkschr. Königl.-Baier. Bot. Ges. Regensburg 1(1): 184 (1815)
variant :
var. pygmaea C.Y.Wu & S.K.Chen; Acta Bot. Yunnan. 2(1): 89 (1980)
Distribution: China (Yunnan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala chinensis var. pygmaea (C.Y.Wu & S.K.Chen) S.K.Chen & J.Parn.; Fl. China (2008)
variant :
var. villosa C.Y.Wu & S.K.Chen; Acta Bot. Yunnan. 2(1): 90 (1980)
Distribution: China (S-Guangxi)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala chinensis var. villosa (C.Y.Wu & S.K.Chen) S.K.Chen & J.Parn.; Fl. China (2008)
species :
Polygala goetzei Gürke; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 28: 417 (1900)
Distribution: Tanzania; Zambia; Malawi; Mozambique
25 TAN 26 MLW MOZ ZAM
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala goetzei var. depauperata Chodat; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 48: 326 (1912)
species :
Polygala gomesiana Welw. ex Oliv.; Fl. Trop. Afr. 1: 126 (1868)
Distribution: Angola; Zambia
26 ANG ZAM
species :
Polygala gondarensis Chiov.; Ann. Bot., Roma 9: 316 (1911)
Distribution: N-Ethiopia
24 ETH
species :
Polygala gossweileri Exell & Mendonça; J. Bot., Lond. 74: 133 (1936)
Distribution: Angola; Zambia
26 ANG ZAM
species :
Polygala goudahensis Paiva; Fontqueria 50: 256 (1998)
Distribution: Djibouti
24 DJI
species :
Polygala gracilenta Burtt Davy; Man. Fl. Pl. & Ferns, Pt. 1, 48, 133, 134 (1926)
Distribution: South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, E-Cape Prov.); Lesotho; Eswatini [Swaziland]
27 LES SAF SWZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala linearis E.Mey.; Drège, Zwei Pfl. Docum. 212 (1843), nomen
= Polygala tenuifolia Harv.; Harv. & Sond. Fl. Cap. 1: 88 (1860) (non Willd.)
= Polygala tenuifolia var. linearis Harv.; Harv. et al., Fl. Cap. 1: 88 (1860)
species :
Polygala gracilipes Harv.; Harv. & Sond. Fl. Cap. 1: 90 (1860)
Distribution: South Africa (W-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
species :
Polygala grandidieri Baill.; Bull. Soc. L. Paris. 1: 607 (1886), Chodat in Mem. Soc. Phys. Geneve, 31 n. 2 364 (1893)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala pilosa Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 21: 321 (1884)
= Polygala subglobosa Paiva; Fontqueria 50: 224 (1998), nom. nov. superfl.
species :
Polygala greveana Baill.; Bull. Soc. L. Paris. 1: 607 (1886), Chodat in Mem. Soc. Phys. Geneve 31: n. 2 330 (1893)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
species :
Polygala grossheimii Kem.-Nath.; Notul. Syst. (Paris) Geogr. Inst. Bot. Tphilis., Fasc. 14, 28 (1948)
Distribution: Azerbaijan (incl. Nachichevan)
33 AZE
species :
Polygala guerichiana Engl.; Bot. Jahrb. 19: 141 (1894)
Distribution: SW-Angola; Namibia
26 ANG 27 NAM
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala mendesii Paiva; Portug. Acta Biol., B 9: 170 (1968)
species :
Polygala guilanica Sarvi & Faghir; Phytotaxa 513(2): 143 (2021)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Polygala guineensis Willd.; Sp. Pl. 3: 882 (1802)
Distribution: Burkina Faso; Ivory Coast; Ghana; Togo; ?Benin; Nigeria; SW-Chad
22 BKN GHA IVO NGA TOG 24 CHA
species :
Polygala guneri Yild.; Ot Sist. Bot. Dergisi 19(2): 41)
Distribution: Turkey (Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Polygala gymnoclada MacOwan; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 25: 385 (1890)
Distribution: South Africa (Mpulamanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Lesotho
27 LES SAF
species :
Polygala gypsophila Thulin; Nordic J. Bot. 10(5): 465 (1990)
Distribution: Somalia
24 SOM
species :
Polygala hainanensis Chun & F.C.How; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 7(1): 5-6, t. 2, f. 1 (1958)
Distribution: China (Hainan)
36 CHI
variant :
var. strigosa Chun & F.C.How; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 7(1): 7 (1958)
Distribution: China (Hainan)
36 CHI
species :
Polygala hamarensis Thulin & Raimondo; Nordic J. Bot. 10(5): 467 (1990)
Distribution: SE-Somalia
24 SOM
species :
Polygala helenae Greuter; Boissiera 13: 65 (1967)
Distribution: Greece (Kithira Isl.)
13 GRC
Conservation Status: IUCN CR. Known only from one small population
species :
Polygala heterantha H.Perrier; Bull. Acad. Malgache, no. s. 14: 20 (1931 publ. 1932)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
species :
Polygala hickeniana Grondona; Darwiniana 8: 369 (1948)
Distribution: Argentina (Chubut, Neuquen, Rio Negro, Santa Cruz)
85 ARG
Remarks: status uncertain, belongs likely as a synonym into Senega
species :
Polygala hildebrandtii Baill.; Bull. Soc. L. Paris. 1: 607 (1886), Chodat in Mem. Soc. Phys. Geneve 31: n. 2 487 (1893)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
variant :
var. angustipetala H.Perrier; Bull. Acad. Malgache n. s. 14: 25 (1932)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
species :
Polygala hirsutula Arn.; Nov. Act. Nat. Cur. 18: 322 (1836)
Distribution: Sri Lanka
40 SRL
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala elongata var. hirsutula (Arn.) Thwaites; Enum. Pl. Zeyl.: 22 (1858)
= Polygala glaucoides var. hirsutula (Arn.) Trimen; Handb. Fl. Ceylon 1: 81 (1893)
= Polygala hypoglauca Hassk.; Miq. Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd. Bat. 1: 169 (1864)
species :
Polygala hispida Burch. ex DC.; Prod. 1: 323 (1824)
Distribution: South Africa (Mpulamanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, N-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Lesotho; Eswatini [Swaziland]
27 LES SAF SWZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala erubescens E.Mey.; Drège, Zwei Pfl. Docum. 212 (1843)
= Polygala lanata E.Mey. ex Meisn.; Hook. Lond. J. Bot. 1: 469 (1842)
species :
Polygala hohenackeriana Fisch. & C.A.Mey.; Index Sem. Hort. Petrop. 4: 42 (1838)
Distribution: Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan (incl. Nachichevan); Turkey (E-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia); Iran (EC-Iran, E-Iran, N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, S-Iran, W-Iran); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai); Jordania (S-Jordania); Pakistan (Baluchistan, Waziristan, Kurram, N. W. Frontier Prov., Swat, Pakistani Punjab)
33 ARM AZE GEO 34 IRN JOR SIN TUR 40 PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala jablotskiana Fisch. & C.A.Mey. ex Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 1: 472 (1867)
= Polygala vulgaris var. hohenackeriana (Fisch. & C.A.Mey.) Regel; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 34(II): 511 (1862)
= Polygala vulgaris var. jablotskiana Regel; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 34(II): 512 (1862)
species :
Polygala homblei Exell; J. Bot. 70: 186 (1932)
Distribution: SE-D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Zambia
23 ZAI 26 ZAM
species :
Polygala hongkongensis Hemsl.; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 23(152): 60-61, t. 2, f. 1-6 (1886)
Distribution: China (Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, ?Guizhou, Hunan, ?Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Zhejiang)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala loureiroi Gardner & Champ.; Hooker´s J. Bot. Kew Gard. Misc. 1: 242 (1849)
= Polygala trichorachis Migo; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 13: 85-86 (1943)
variant :
var. stenophylla (Hayata) Migo; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 13: 86 (1943)
Distribution: China (Anhui, Fujian, ?Guangdong, Guangxi, Hunan, ?Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Zhejiang)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala stenophylla Hayata; Icon. Pl. Formosan. 3: 33-34 (1913)
species :
Polygala hottentotta C.Presl; Bot. Bemerk. 15 (1845)
Distribution: Zimbabwe; Mozambique; Namibia; Botswana; South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, N-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Lesotho; Eswatini [Swaziland]
26 MOZ ZIM 27 BOT LES NAM SAF SWZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala durbanensis Chodat; Mem. Soc. Phys. Geneve 31: n. 2. 401 (1892)
= Polygala uncinata Hochst. ex Harv. & Sond.; Fl. Cap. (Harvey) 1: 86 (1860) non E. Mey. ex Meisn.
species :
Polygala houtboshiana Chodat; Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 31(2: 2): 400 (1893)
Distribution: South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, E-Cape Prov.); Lesotho; Eswatini [Swaziland]
27 LES SAF SWZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala fallax Hayek; Ann. K. K. Naturhist. Hofmus. 15: 43 (1900 publ. 1901), nom. illeg.
species :
Polygala huillensis Welw. ex Oliv.; Fl. Trop. Afr. 1: 133 (1868)
Distribution: SW-Angola
26 ANG
species :
Polygala humbertii H.Perrier; Bull. Acad. Malgache, no. s. 14: 22 (1931 publ. 1932)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala submonoica H.Perrier; Bull. Acad. Malgache, no. s. 14: 21 (1931 publ. 1932)
variant :
var. crinigera H.Perrier; Bull. Acad. Malgache, no. s. 14: 22 (1931 publ. 1932)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
species :
Polygala humifusa Paiva; Fontqueria 50: 174 (1998)
Distribution: SW-Tanzania
25 TAN
Remarks: only known from type collected in 1957
species :
Polygala idukkiana M.Vishnu & Nampy; Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 79(2)-e129: 2 (2022)
Distribution: India (Kerala)
40 IND
species :
Polygala illepida E.Mey. ex Harv. & Sond.; Fl. Cap. 1: 92 (1860)
Distribution: South Africa (E-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala refracta Eckl. & Zeyh.; Enum. Pl. Afric. Austral. 23 (1834-35)
species :
Polygala inaequiloba Turcz.; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 27: II. 349 (1854)
Distribution: Mexico (Veracruz)
79 MEX
Remarks: status uncertain, belongs likely as a synonym into Senega
species :
Polygala inexpectata Pesmen & Erik; Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 38: 435, f. 1E (1980)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Polygala integra R.A.Kerrigan; Austral. Syst. Bot. 25(2): 111 (2012)
Distribution: Australia (Northern Territory)
50 AUS
species :
Polygala irregularis Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. 1: 8. (1843)
Distribution: Western Sahara; Egypt (SE-Egypt); Mauritania; Senegal; Mali; Burkina Faso; Niger; Chad; Sudan; Ethiopia; Eritrea; Djibouti; Somalia; Iran (S-Iran); Saudi Arabia (C-Saudi Arabia, Hejaz, Asir); United Arab Emirates; Yemen (Aden Desert, SW-Yemen); Pakistan (Baluchistan); India (Gujarat, Haryana, Jammu & Kasmir, Maharashtra, Punjab, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh)
20 EGY WSA 22 BKN MLI MTN NGR SEN 24 CHA DJI ERI ETH SOM SUD 34 IRN 35 SAU UAE YEM 40 IND PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala arabica Boiss.; Diagn. Ser. I. 1: 9 (1843)
= Polygala dictyoptera Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 2, 1: 59 (1854)
= Polygala hagerupii Exell; J. Bot. 68: 244 (1930)
= Polygala irregularis var. aegyptiaca Chodat ex Täckh. & Boulos; Publ. Cairo Univ. Herb. 5: 90 (1972 publ. 1974)
species :
Polygala isaloensis H.Perrier; Bull. Acad. Malgache, no. s. 14: 7 (1931 publ. 1932)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
species :
Polygala isingii Pedley; J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 3(1): 128 (1981)
Distribution: Australia (Western Australia, Northern Territory, South Australia, Queensland)
50 AUS
species :
Polygala isocarpa Chodat; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 52(1-2, Beibl. 115): 77-78 (1914)
Distribution: China (Guizhou, Sichuan, SE-Yunnan); Myanmar
36 CHI 41 MYA
Synonyms: hidden
= Heterosamara isocarpa (Chodat) Paiva; Fontqueria 50: 134 (1998)
species :
Polygala jacobii Chandrab.; Bull. Bot. Surv. Ind. 9: 288 (1968)
Distribution: India (Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu); Sri Lanka
40 IND SRL
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala dunnii Panigrahi; Kew Bull. 29(4): 655 (1974 publ. 1975)
species :
Polygala jamaicensis Chodat; Mem. Soc. Phys. Geneve 31: n. 2 11 (1893)
Name: White lignum vitae (Jamaica)
Distribution: Mexico (Campeche, Chiapas, Quintana Roo, Yucatan); Guatemala; Belize; Jamaica
79 MEX 80 BLZ GUA 81 JAM
Remarks: status uncertain, belongs likely as a synonym into Senega
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala petenensis Lundell; Lloydia 4: 51 (1941)
species :
Polygala japonica Houtt.; Handl. Pl.-Kruidk. 10: 89, t. 62, f. 1 (1779)
Distribution: Russian Far East (Khabarovsk, Primorye); China (Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, ?Hebei, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, ?Liaoning, ?Shaanxi, Shandong, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Yunnan, Zhejiang); North Korea; South Korea; Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu); Ryukyu Isl.; Taiwan; India (Meghalaya); Myanmar; Thailand; Laos; Vietnam; Philippines (Luzon, Mindanao); Moluccas; New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea); Australia (Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria)
31 RFE 36 CHI 38 JAP KOR NKO NNS TAI 40 IND 41 LAO MYA THA VIE 42 MOL NWG PHI 50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala coniicarpa Hance; Walp., Ann. Bot. Syst. 2: 80 (1851)
= Polygala hondoensis Nakai; Bot. Mag., Tokyo 36: 21 (1922)
= Polygala japonica f. angustifolia (Koidz.) H.Hara; Enum. Spermatophytarum Japon. 3: 37 (1954)
= Polygala japonica f. nudicaulis Konta; Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus., Tokyo, B. 32(1): 42 (2006)
= Polygala japonica f. ovatifolia Chodat
= Polygala japonica f. virescens Nakai; J. Jap. Bot. 5: 133 (1950)
= Polygala japonica var. angustifolia Koidz.; Fl. Symb. Orient.-Asiat. 8 (1930)
= Polygala luzoniensis Merr.; Philipp. J. Sci. 1(Suppl. 3): 202 (1906)
= Polygala sibirica var. japonica (Houtt.) Ito; Tent. Fl. Lutch. 311 (1899)
= Polygala taquetii H.Lév.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12(317-321): 181 (1913)
= Polygala veronicea F.Muell.; Trans. & Proc. Vict. Inst. Advancem. Sci. 1: 117 (1855)
species :
Polygala javana DC.; Prod. 1: 327 (1824)
Distribution: India (Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu); Sri Lanka; Java; Lesser Sunda Isl. (Bali, Lombok, Sumba, Sumbawa, Flores, Timor)
40 IND SRL 42 JAW LSI
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala ceylanica B.Heyne ex Wall.; Numer. List no. 4183 (1831), nomen
= Polygala javana var. angustifolia Thwaites; Enum. Pl. Zeyl. 22 (1864)
= Polygala raoi R.N.Banerjee & L.K.Banerjee; Proc. Indian Acad. Sci., B 82(6): 218 (1975)
species :
Polygala kajii Paiva; Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Polygal. 52 (2007)
Distribution: Kenya; Tanzania
25 KEN TAN
species :
Polygala kalaboensis Paiva; Kew Bull. 71(1)-10: 1 (2016)
Distribution: Zambia
26 ZAM
species :
Polygala kalahariensis Schinz; Verh. Bot. Ver. Brand 29: 52 (1888), as ´kalaxariensis´
Distribution: W-D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Angola; Zambia; Zimbabwe; Namibia; Botswana
23 ZAI 26 ANG ZAM ZIM 27 BOT NAM
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala dekindtii Gürke; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32(1): 131 (1902)
= Polygala huillensis var. buxifolia Welw. ex Hiern
= Polygala kaxalariensis "Schinz" ex Chodat; Mem. Soc. Phys. Geneve 31: n. 2 365 (1893)
= Polygala kubangensis Gürke; Warb., Kunene-Sambesi Exped. 275 (1903)
= Polygala reflexa Schinz; Bull. Herb. Boissier Ser. II. 8: 634 (1908)
species :
Polygala karensium Kurz; J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, Pl. 2, Nat. Hist. 41: II. 392 (1872)
Distribution: China (Guangxi, Yunnan); Tibet; Bhutan; India (Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Sikkim); Myanmar (Kayah); Thailand; Vietnam
36 CHI TIB 40 BHU IND 41 MYA THA VIE
Synonyms: hidden
= Chamaebuxus karensium (Kurz) Kurz; For. Fl. Brit. Burma 1: 79 (1877)
= Polygala caterviflora Craib; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1913: 66 (1913)
= Polygala congesta Rehder & E.H.Wilson; Pl. Wils. 2(1): 162 (1914)
= Polygala floribunda Dunn; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 35(247): 485-486 (1903) (not Benth. (1840), nor Boiss. & Hoet (1856))
= Polygala lancilimba Merr.; Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 13: 133 (1926)
= Polygala luteoalba Gagnep.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 85: 602 (1938 publ. 1939)
= Polygala tricornis Gagnep.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 56: 21 (1909)
= Polygala tricornis var. crinita Gagnep.; Fl. Indo-Chine 1: 231 (1939)
= Polygala tricornis var. latifolia Gagnep.; Fl. Indo-Chine 1: 231 (1939)
= Polygala yunnanensis Chodat; Bot. Jahrb. Engl. 52: Beibl. 115: 71 (1914)
variant :
var. obcordata (C.Y.Wu & S.K.Chen) S.K.Chen & J.Parn.; Fl. China (2008)
Distribution: China (SW-Yunnan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala tricornis var. obcordata C.Y.Wu & S.K.Chen; Acta Bot. Yunnan. 2(1): 83 (1980)
species :
Polygala kasikensis Exell; De Wild. & Staner, Contrib. Fl. Katanga, Suppl. 55: 46 (1932), nomen, et in J. Bot. 70: 168, descr. (1932)
Distribution: SE-D.R.Congo [Zaire]
23 ZAI
species :
Polygala khasiana Hassk.; Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavum 1: 176. 1863-1864
Distribution: SE-Tibet (Bomi Xian, Zayü Xian)
36 TIB
species :
Polygala kilimandjarica Chodat; Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 31(2): 320 (1893)
Distribution: Uganda; S-Tanzania
25 TAN UGA
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala hennigii Chodat; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 48: 312 (1912)
= Polygala kilimandscharica Engl.; Abh. Königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1894: 61 (1894), orth. var.
= Polygala usambarensis Gürke; Abh. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. (1894) 64
= Polygala wadibomica Chodat; Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 31(2): 320 (1893)
species :
Polygala kimberleyensis R.A.Kerrigan; Austral. Syst. Bot. 25(2): 114 (2012)
Distribution: Australia (Western Australia)
50 AUS
species :
Polygala koi Merr.; Sunyatsenia 1(4): 196-197 (1934)
Distribution: China (Guangdong, Guangxi, Hunan)
36 CHI
species :
Polygala kradungensis H.Koyama; Makinoa, no. s. 7: 75 (2008)
Distribution: Thailand
41 THA
species :
Polygala krumanina Burch. ex Ficalho & Hiern; Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 2: 16 (1881)
Distribution: South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, N-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
species :
Polygala kurdica C.C.Towns.; Kew Bull. 23: 531 (1969)
subspecies :
subsp. kurdica
Distribution: Iraq (NE-Iraq); Iran (W-Iran)
34 IRN IRQ
subspecies :
subsp. bornmuelleri Chrtek & Krísa; Fl. Iran., 124: 6 (1977), as ´bornmulleri´
Distribution: Iran (W-Iran)
34 IRN
species :
Polygala kuriensis A.G.Mill.; Ethnoflora of Soqotra: 725 (2004)
Distribution: Abd-al-Kuri Isl.
24 SOC
species :
Polygala kurtzii A.W.Benn.; J. Bot. 33: 110 (1895)
Distribution: Argentina (Mendoza)
85 ARG
Remarks: status uncertain, belongs likely as a synonym into Senega
species :
Polygala kyoukmyoungensis Mukerjee; Bull. Bot. Soc. Beng. 12: 48 (1960)
Distribution: Myanmar
41 MYA
species :
Polygala labatii Wahlert, G.E.Schatz & Phillipson; Syst. Bot. 42(3): 523 (2017)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
species :
Polygala lactiflora Paiva & Brummitt; An. Jard. Bot. Madrid 43(1): 24 (1986)
Distribution: Malawi
26 MLW
species :
Polygala langebergensis Levyns; J. South Afr. Bot. 21: 39 (1955)
Distribution: South Africa (W-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
species :
Polygala lasiosepala Levyns; J. South Afr. Bot. 21: 21 (1955)
Distribution: Namibia; South Africa (N-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov.)
27 NAM SAF
species :
Polygala latistyla Pendry; Blumea 42(2): 467 (1997)
Distribution: Vietnam
41 VIE
species :
Polygala latouchei Franch.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 46: 206 (1899)
Distribution: China (Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Jiangxi, ?Zhejiang)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala nimborum Dunn; Bull. Misc. Inform., Addit. Ser. 10: 39 (1912)
species :
Polygala laxifolia Exell; J. Bot. 65: 345 (1927)
Distribution: Angola
26 ANG
species :
Polygala leendertziae Burtt Davy; Man. Fl. Pl. & Ferns, Pt. 1, 48, 133, 135 (1926)
Distribution: South Africa (Limpopo, Gauteng, Mpulamanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal); Eswatini [Swaziland]
27 SAF SWZ
species :
Polygala lehmanniana Eckl. & Zeyh.; Enum. Pl. Afric. Austral. 23 (1834-35)
Distribution: South Africa (N-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala carmichaelii Harv.; Harv. et al., Fl. Cap. 1(Add.): 19 (1860)
= Polygala lehmanniana var. pteropus Harv.; Harv. et al., Fl. Cap. 1: 20 (1860)
species :
Polygala leptophylla Burch.; Trav. 1: 400 (1822)
Distribution: SW-Angola; Namibia; Botswana; South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, Free State, N-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.)
26 ANG 27 BOT NAM SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala recta C.Presl; Bot. Bemerk. 16 (1845)
= Polygala rigens E.Mey.; Drège, Zwei Pfl.-Docum. 212 (1843)
= Polygala hottentota var. fleckiana Schinz
variant :
var. armata (Chodat) Paiva; Fontqueria 50: 260 (1998)
Distribution: Namibia; South Africa (North-West Prov., N-Cape Prov.)
27 NAM SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala armata Chodat; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 48: 327. (1912)
species :
Polygala leptosperma Chodat; Mem. Soc. Phys. Geneve 31: n. 2 17 (1893)
Distribution: Mexico (Oaxaca, Veracruz)
79 MEX
Remarks: status uncertain, belongs likely as a synonym into Senega
species :
Polygala leucothyrsa Woronow; Woronow & Schelkownikow, Sched. Herb. Fl. Caucasus Fasc. VIII. 86 (1916)
Distribution: Azerbaijan (incl. Nachichevan)
33 AZE
species :
Polygala levynsiana Paiva; Fontqueria 50: 272 (1998), nom. nov.
Distribution: South Africa (W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala microlopha var. gracilis Levyns; J. S. African Bot. 21: 27 (1955)
species :
Polygala lhunzeensis C.Y.Wu & S.K.Chen; Acta Bot. Yunnan. 2(1): 86-88, f. 5: 10-16 (1980)
Distribution: SE-Tibet
36 TIB
species :
Polygala lijiangensis C.Y.Wu & S.K.Chen; Acta Bot. Yunnan. 2(1): 88-89, f. 5: 1-9 (1980)
Distribution: China (NW-Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Polygala limae Exell; Bol. Soc. Brot., Ser. 2, 31: 5 (1957)
Distribution: N-Mozambique
26 MOZ
Remarks: only known from type collected in 1917
species :
Polygala linarifolia Willd.; Sp. Pl. 3: 877 (1807)
Distribution: China (Hainan); Nepal; India (Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Goa, Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal); Myanmar; Thailand; Laos; Cambodia; Vietnam; peninsular Malaysia; Java; New Guinea (Papua New Guinea); Australia (Northern Territory, Queensland, New South Wales)
36 CHI 40 IND NEP 41 CBD LAO MYA THA VIE 42 JAW MLY NWG 50 AUS
Remarks: sometimes included in P. triflora
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala aurata Gagnep.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 56: 220 (1909)
= Polygala aurata var. macrostachya Gagnep.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 56: 20 (1909)
= Polygala chinensis subvar. linarifolia (Willd.) Domin; Biblioth. Bot. 22(89): 857 (1927)
= Polygala chinensis var. linarifolia (Willd.) Chodat; Mem. Soc. Phys. Geneve 31(2): 386 (1893)
species :
Polygala loanzensis Exell; J. Bot. 70: 187 (1932)
Distribution: SE-D.R.Congo [Zaire]
23 ZAI
species :
Polygala longeracemosa H.Perrier; Bull. Acad. Malgache, no. s. 14: 9 (1931 publ. 1932)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
species :
Polygala longifolia Poir.; Encycl. 5: 501 (1804)
Distribution: China (Guangdong, Guangxi, ?Guizhou, Yunnan); Ryukyu Isl.; Nepal; Bhutan; India (Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal); Sri Lanka; Bangladesh; Andaman Isl. (South Andamans); Nicobar Isl. (Central Nicobars); Myanmar (Bago, Chin, Mandalay, Sagaing, Yangon); Thailand; Laos; Cambodia; Vietnam; peninsular Malaysia; N-Sumatra; N-Borneo; SW-Sulawesi; Philippines (Luzon, Culion, Mindanao); Java; Lesser Sunda Isl. (Sumba); Moluccas (Kei Isl.); New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea); Australia (Western Australia, Northern Territory, Queensland)
36 CHI 38 NNS 40 BAN BHU IND NEP SRL 41 AND CBD LAO MYA NCB THA VIE 42 BOR JAW LSI MLY MOL NWG PHI PLW SUL SUM 50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala abyssinica var. intercedens Domin; Biblioth. Bot. 22(89): 855 (1927)
= Polygala discolor Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don; Prodr. Fl. Nep. 199 (1825), nom. illeg.
= Polygala leptalea DC.; Prodr. 1: 325, 358 (1824)
= Polygala leptalea var. australiensis Domin; Biblioth. Bot. 22(89): 855 (1927)
= Polygala oligophylla DC.; Prodr. 1: 353 (1824)
= Polygala pyramidalis H.Lév.; Fl. Kouy-Tcheou 317 (1915)
= Polygala riukiuensis Ohwi; J. Jap. Bot. 12: 661 (1936)
species :
Polygala longiloba S.F.Blake; N. Am. Fl. 25: 362 (1924)
Distribution: Mexico (Oaxaca)
79 MEX
Remarks: status uncertain, belongs likely as a synonym into Senega
species :
Polygala longipes S.F.Blake; Contrib. Gray Herb. n. s. 47: 40 (1916)
Distribution: Mexico (Colima, Guerrero, Jalisco, Michoacan, Oaxaca)
79 MEX
Remarks: status uncertain, belongs likely as a synonym into Senega
species :
Polygala lozanii Rose; Contrib. U S. Nat. Herb. 13: 307 (1911)
Distribution: Mexico (Puebla)
79 MEX
Remarks: status uncertain, belongs likely as a synonym into Senega
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala calcicola Rose; Cantrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 10: 122 (1906), nom. illeg.
species :
Polygala ludwigiana Eckl. & Zeyh.; Enum. Pl. Afric. Austral. 23 (1834-35)
Distribution: South Africa (W-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Heisteria laxa (Thunb.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 47 (1891)
= Muraltia laxa (Thunb.) DC.; Prod. 1: 337 (1824)
= Muraltia laxa E.Mey.; Drège, Zwei Pfl. Docum. 203 (1843), nomen
= Polygala laxa Thunb.; Prod. Pl. Cap. 121 (1800)
species :
Polygala luenensis Paiva; Portug. Acta Biol., B 9: 175 (1968)
Distribution: Angola
26 ANG
species :
Polygala luteoviridis Chodat; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 48: 323 (1912)
Distribution: Rwanda; ?Burundi; Uganda; W-Kenya; N-Tanzania
23 RWA 25 KEN TAN UGA
species :
Polygala lysimachiifolia Chodat; Mem. Soc. Phys. Geneve 31: n. 2 377 (1893)
Distribution: South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal)
27 SAF
Remarks: insufficiently known
species :
Polygala macowaniana Paiva; Fontqueria 50: 185 (1998), nom. nov.
Distribution: South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal, E-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala confusa f. villosiuscula Hayek; Ann. K. K. Naturhist. Hofmus. 15: 42 (1900 publ. 1901)
= Polygala confusa MacOwan; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 25: 385 (1890)
= Polygala confusa var. acutifolia Chodat; Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 31(2: 2): 396 (1893)
= Polygala confusa var. canescens Chodat; Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 31(2: 2): 397 (1893)
= Polygala neglecta MacOwan; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 25: 385 (1890), nom. illeg.
species :
Polygala macrobotrya Domin; Biblioth. Bot. 22(89): 302 (1927)
Distribution: Australia (Queensland)
50 AUS
species :
Polygala macrolophos Hassk.; Miq. Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd. Bat. 1: 167 (1864)
Distribution: Sri Lanka
40 SRL
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala pedunculosa Thwaites; Enum. Pl. Zeyl.: 400 (1864)
= Polygala sibirica var. macrolophos (Hassk.) A.W.Benn.; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 205 (1872)
species :
Polygala macroptera DC.; Prod. 1: 332 (1824)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala volubilis Bojer; Bouton, 12me Rapp. Ann. Maur. 14 (1842)
= Polygala longifolia A.Dietr.; Allg. Gartenzeitung 2: 117 (1834), nom. illeg.
species :
Polygala macrostigma Chodat; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 48: 319 (1912)
Distribution: D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Rwanda; Burundi; South Sudan; Uganda; Kenya; ?Tanzania; Angola; Malawi; Mozambique
23 BUR RWA ZAI 24 SSU 25 KEN UGA 26 ANG MLW MOZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala splendens Exell; J. Bot. 64(Suppl. 1): 22 (1926)
= Polygala elliotii Chodat; J. Bot. 34: 199 (1896)
species :
Polygala magdalenae Brandegee; Univ. Calif Publ. Bot. 4: 182 (1911)
Distribution: Mexico (Baja California Sur)
79 MEX
Remarks: status uncertain, belongs likely as a synonym into Senega
species :
Polygala major Jacq.; Fl. Austriac. 5: 6. (1778)
Name: Großes Kreuzblümchen (DE)
Distribution: Austria; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece; Ukraine; Crimea; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Turkey (E-Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia); Iran (EC-Iran, N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran)
11 AUT CZE HUN SLO 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS MNT NMA ROM SLV SRB TUE 14 KRY UKR 33 GEO NCS 34 IRN TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala amoenissima Tamamsch.; Fedde, Repert. 39: 324 (1936)
= Polygala floribunda Boiss. & A.Huet; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 2, 5: 50 (1856), nom. illeg.
= Polygala grandis Pall.; Reise Südl. Statthaltersch. Russ. Reich. 2: 190 (1801)
= Polygala magna Georgi; Beschr. Nation. Russ. Reich 3(4): 1159 (1800)
= Polygala major f. italiana Chodat; Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 31(2: 2): 436 (1893)
= Polygala major var. apennina Chodat; Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 31(2: 2): 437 (1893)
= Polygala major var. grandiflora Chodat; Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 31(2: 2): 436 (1893)
= Polygala moldavica Kotov; J. Bot. Acad. Sci. Ukraine 1: No. 2, 277 (1940)
= Polygala neglecta A.Kern.; Oesterr. Bot. Zeitschr. 18: 37 (1868)
= Polygala nicaeensis Schur; Enum. Pl. Trans. 89 (1866) non Risso ex W. D. J. Koch
= Polygala vulgaris var. major (Jacq.) Regel; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 34(II): 516 (1862), nom. illeg.
species :
Polygala makaschwilii Kem.-Nath.; Notul. Syst. (Paris) Geogr. Inst. Bot. Tphilis., Fasc. 14, 29 (1948)
Distribution: Crimea; Georgia [Caucasus] (incl. Abkhazia)
14 KRY 33 GEO
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala kemulariae Tamamsch.; Fl. URSS, ed. Kom. 14: 733 (1949)
species :
Polygala malesiana Adema; Blumea 14: 257 (1967)
Distribution: Thailand; Laos; Cambodia; Vietnam; peninsular Malaysia (Perak, Pahan, Selangor); Sulawesi; Philippines (Negros, Bohol); Lesser Sunda Isl. (Sumba, Flores); Moluccas (Buru, Seram, Kei Isl., Aru Isl.); New Guinea (Irian Jaya)
41 CBD LAO THA VIE 42 LSI MLY MOL NWG PHI SUL
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala triphylla var. glaucescens Benn, non Wall.; (1872)
= Polygala cardiocarpa Ridl.; (1922) non Kurz
= Heterosamara malesiana (Adema) Paiva; Fontqueria 50: 135 (1998)
species :
Polygala mandrarensis Phillipson & G.E.Schatz; Syst. Bot. 42(3): 526 (2017)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
species :
Polygala mannii Oliv.; Fl. Trop. Afr. [Oliv. et al.] 1: 130 (1868)
Distribution: Gabon
23 GAB
Synonyms: hidden
= Heterosamara mannii (Oliv.) Paiva; Fontqueria 50: 126 (1998)
species :
Polygala marensis Burtt Davy; Man. Fl. Pl. & Ferns, Pr. 1, 48 (1926)
Distribution: Zimbabwe; S-Mozambique; South Africa (Limpopo, KwaZulu-Natal)
26 MOZ ZIM 27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala rogersii Burtt Davy; Man. Fl. Pl. & Ferns, Pt. 1, 133, 134 (1926)
species :
Polygala mariamae Tamamsch.; Fedde, Repert. 39: 325 (1936)
Distribution: Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia
33 ARM GEO
species :
Polygala mascatensis Boiss.; Fl. 1: 470 (1867)
Distribution: Oman (Mascat & Oman); Yemen (Aden Desert)
35 OMA YEM
species :
Polygala mathusiana Chodat; Mem. Soc. Phys. Geneve 31: n. 2 231 (1893)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Remarks: status uncertain, belongs likely as a synonym into Senega
species :
Polygala mazandaranica Sarvi & Faghir; Phytol. Balcan. 26(3): 462 (2020)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Polygala melilotoides Chodat; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 48: 320 (1912)
Distribution: D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Rwanda; ?Burundi; Uganda; ?Tanzania; Angola; Zambia; Malawi
23 RWA ZAI 25 UGA 26 ANG MLW ZAM
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala melilotoides var. major Baker f.; J. Bot. 56: 5 (1918)
species :
Polygala membranacea (Miq.) Görts; Acta Bot. Neerl. 23(2): 191 (1974)
Distribution: Surinam; French Guiana
82 FRG SUR
Remarks: status uncertain, belongs likely as a synonym into Senega
Synonyms: hidden
= Monnina membranacea Miq.; Stirp. Surin. Sel. 30 (1850)
= Polygala stipulata Chodat; Mem. Soc. Phys. Geneve 31: n. 2 89 (1893)
species :
Polygala mendoncae E.Petit; Bull. Jard. Bot. État Bruxelles 26: 259 (1956)
Distribution: SW-D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Angola; N-Zambia
23 ZAI 26 ANG ZAM
species :
Polygala meonantha Chodat; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 48: 326 (1912)
Distribution: Ethiopia; Somalia; Kenya
24 ETH SOM 25 KEN
species :
Polygala meridionalis Levyns; J. South Afr. Bot. 21: 37 (1955)
Distribution: South Africa (W-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala pauciflora Schltr.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 27: 164 (1899) (non Thunb.)
species :
Polygala messambuziensis Paiva; Portug. Acta Biol., B 9: 168 (1968)
Distribution: E-Zimbabwe; Mozambique
26 MOZ ZIM
species :
Polygala microlopha Burch. ex DC.; Prod. 1: 322 (1824)
Distribution: South Africa (W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
species :
Polygala microphylla L.; Sp. Pl. ed. 2: 989 (1763)
Distribution: Portugal; W-Spain
12 POR SPA
Remarks: Subgen. Brachytropis
Synonyms: hidden
= Brachytropis microphylla (L.) Willk.; Willk. & Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 3: 552 (1878)
species :
Polygala microspora S.F.Blake; Bull. Torrey Bot. Cl. 56: 397 (1929)
Distribution: Venezuela (Amazonas, Bolívar); Guyana
82 GUY VEN
Remarks: status uncertain, belongs likely as a synonym into Senega
species :
Polygala microtricha S.F.Blake; Contrib. Gray Herb. n. s. 47: 46 (1916)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Hidalgo, Mexico State, Michoacan, Oaxaca, Queretaro)
79 MEX
Remarks: status uncertain, belongs likely as a synonym into Senega
species :
Polygala moggii Raffaelli, Mosti & Tardelli; Webbia 62(2): 270 (2007)
Distribution: Oman
35 OMA
species :
Polygala monopetala Cambess.; Jacq. Voy. Bot, t. 27. 1835-1844
Distribution: China (?Qinghai); SE-Tibet; Pakistan (Baluchistan, Quetta, Waziristan, Kurram, Chitral, Swat, Pakistani Punjab); NW-India (Jammu & Kashmir, Poonch)
36 CHI TIB 40 IND PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala sibirica var. monopetala (Cambess.) Chodat; Mem. Soc. Phys. Geneve 31(2): 349 (1893)
species :
Polygala monspeliaca L.; Sp. Pl.: 702 (1753)
Name: Montpellier-Kreuzblümchen (DE); Mediterranean Milkwort (EN)
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Malta; San Marino; Croatia; Montenegro; North Macedonia; Albania; European Turkey; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq); Iran (S-Iran, W-Iran); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (coastal W-Israel, N-Israel); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Australia [I] (South Australia [I], Victoria [I])
12 BAL COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB CRO GRC ITA KRI MLT MNT NMA SIC SMA TUE 20 ALG MOR TUN 34 CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR 50 aus
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala acutifolia L.; Syst. Nat. ed. 10. 2: 1154 (1759)
= Polygala glumacea Sm.; Sibth. & Sm., Fl. Graec. Prodr. 2: 52 (1813)
= Polygala monspeliaca f. livida Cout.; Fl. Portugal: 371 (1913)
= Polygala monspeliaca subsp. glumacea (Sm.) Gand.; Nov. Consp. Fl. Eur.: 62 (1910)
= Polygala monspeliaca subsp. straminea (C.Presl) Gand.; Nov. Consp. Fl. Eur.: 62 (1910)
= Polygala monspeliaca subvar. ramosa Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France 3: 84 (1896)
= Polygala monspeliaca subvar. simplex Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France 3: 83 (1896)
= Polygala monspeliaca var. angustisepala Sennen; Bull. Acad. Int. Géogr. Bot. 21: 106 (1911)
= Polygala straminea C.Presl; Fl. Sicul. (C. Presl) 1: 136 (1826)
= Polygala vulgaris var. monspeliaca (L.) Poir.; Lam., Encycl. 5: 487 (1804)
= Tricholophus monspeliacus (L.) Spach; Hist. Nat. Vég. 7: 116 (1838)
species :
Polygala mooneyi M.G.Gilbert; Nordic J. Bot. 20(2): 199 (2000)
Distribution: Ethiopia
24 ETH
species :
Polygala mossamedensis Paiva; Portug. Acta Biol., B 9: 173 (1968)
Distribution: SW-Angola
26 ANG
species :
Polygala mossii Exell; J. Bot. 66: 299 (1928)
Distribution: Namibia; South Africa (N-Cape Prov.)
27 NAM SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala subcarnosa Schinz; Vierteljahrsschr. Naturf. Ges. Zürich 76: 145 (1931)
species :
Polygala multiflora Poir.; Encyc. 5: 497 (1804)
Distribution: Senegal; Gambia; Guinea-Bissau; Guinea; Sierra Leone; Burkina Faso; Togo; Benin
22 BEN BKN GAM GNB GUI SEN SIE TOG
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala senegambica Chodat; Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 31(2): 334 (1893)
species :
Polygala multifurcata Mildbr.; Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 12: 708 (1935)
Distribution: Tanzania
25 TAN
species :
Polygala muratii Jacq.-Fél.; Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 99: 66, in clavi, 69 (1952)
Distribution: Chad; Sudan; Ethiopia; Uganda; Kenya; W-Kenya; Tanzania
24 CHA ETH SUD 25 KEN TAN UGA
species :
Polygala myriantha Chodat; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 48: 321 (1912)
Distribution: Nigeria; Cameroon; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Sudan; Ethiopia; Uganda; ?Tanzania; Angola; Zambia; Malawi; Zimbabwe
22 NGA 23 CMN ZAI 24 ETH SUD 25 UGA 26 ANG MLW ZAM ZIM
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala kisantuensis Chodat; Bull. Soc. Bot. Genève, Ser. 2(5): 189 (1913)
= Polygala kisantuensis var. tenuifolia Chodat; Bull. Soc. Bot. Genève, sér. 2, 5: 190 (1913)
species :
Polygala myrtifolia L.; Sp. Pl.: 703 (1753)
Name: September Bush, Myrtle-leaf milkwort (EN)
Distribution: France [I]; Corsica [I]; Italy [I]; Sicily [I]; Malta [I]; Algeria [I]; Madeira [I] (Madeira Isl. [I]); South Africa (Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, N-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Lesotho; St. Helena [I]; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); Norfolk Isl. [I]; New Zealand [I]; USA [I] (California [I])
12 cor fra 13 ita mlt sic 20 alg 21 mdr 27 LES SAF 28 sth 50 aus nfk 51 nzl 76 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala amoena Thunb.; Prod. Pl. Cap. 120 (1800)
= Polygala cluytioides Burch. ex DC.; Prod. 1: 322 (1824)
= Polygala formosa F.Dietr.; Neu. Nachtr. Vollst. Lex. Gärtn. 1: 143 (1821)
= Polygala grandiflora G.Lodd.; Bot. Cab. 13: t. 1227 (1827), nom. subnud.
= Polygala ligularis Ker Gawl.; Bot. Reg, t. 637 (1822)
= Polygala linkiana Sweet; Hort. Brit. ed. II. 46 (1830)
= Polygala myrtifolia f. salicifolia Chodat; Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 31(2: 2): 422 (1893)
= Polygala myrtifolia var. amoena (Thunb.) Harv.; Harv. et al., Fl. Cap. 1: 83 (1860)
= Polygala myrtifolia var. angustifolia DC.; Prodr. 1: 322 (1824)
= Polygala myrtifolia var. cluytioides (Burch. ex DC.) Harv.; Harv. et al., Fl. Cap. 1: 83 (1860)
= Polygala myrtifolia var. coriacea Chodat; Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 31(2: 2): 422 (1893)
= Polygala myrtifolia var. cyanella Wimm. & Grab.; Fl. Siles. 2(2): 24 (1829)
= Polygala myrtifolia var. grandiflora (Spach) Chodat; Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 31(2: 2): 422 (1893)
= Polygala myrtifolia var. lancifolia Chodat; Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 31(2: 2): 423 (1893)
= Polygala myrtifolia var. leucantha Wimm. & Grab.; Fl. Siles. 2(2): 24 (1829)
= Polygala myrtifolia var. ligularis (Ker Gawl.) Harv.; Harv. et al., Fl. Cap. 1: 83 (1860)
= Polygala myrtifolia var. natalensis Sond.; Linnaea 23: 14 (1850)
= Polygala myrtifolia var. obtusifolia Chodat; Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 31(2: 2): 423 (1893)
= Polygala myrtifolia var. rosmarinifolia DC.; Prodr. 1: 322 (1824)
= Polygala myrtifolia var. salicifolia (Chodat) T.Durand & Schinz; Consp. Fl. Afric. 1: 239 (1898)
= Polygala myrtifolia var. vera DC.; Prodr. 1: 322 (1824)
= Psychanthus grandiflorus Spach; Hist. Nat. Vég. 7: 135 (1838)
= Psychanthus myrtifolius (L.) Spach; Hist. Nat. Vég. 7: 137 (1838)
variant :
var. pinifolia (Lam. ex Poir.) Paiva; Fontqueria 50: 280 (1998)
Distribution: South Africa (W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala pinifolia Lam.; Encycl. 5: 492 (1804)
species :
Polygala myrtillopsis Welw. ex Oliv.; Fl. Trop. Afr. 1: 130 (1868)
Distribution: SE-D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Angola
23 ZAI 26 ANG
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala katangensis Exell; J. Bot. 70: 182 (1932)
species :
Polygala nambalensis Gürke; Warb., Kunene-Sambesi Exped. 276 (1903)
Distribution: D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Chad; Angola; Zambia
23 ZAI 24 CHA 26 ANG ZAM
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala congoensis Gürke; Schltr., Westafr. Kautschuk-Exped. 295 (1900), nomen.
= Polygala guerkei Chodat; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 48: 318 (1912)
= Polygala psammophila Gürke; Kunene-Sambesi-Exped. (Warb.) 279 (1903) (non Chodat & Huber 1901)
species :
Polygala nathadzeae A.I.Kuth.; Notul. Syst. (Paris) Geogr. Inst. Bot. Thbiliss., Fasc. 22, 38 (1961)
Distribution: Transcaucasus
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Polygala nematocaulis Levyns; J. South Afr. Bot. 21: 49 (1955)
Distribution: South Africa (W-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
species :
Polygala nematophylla Exell; J. Bot. 64: Suppl. 23 (1926)
Distribution: Angola; Zambia
26 ANG ZAM
species :
Polygala neurocarpa T.S.Brandegee; Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 6: 364 (1917)
Distribution: Mexico (Hidalgo, Queretaro)
79 MEX
Remarks: status uncertain, belongs likely as a synonym into Senega
species :
Polygala nicaeensis Risso ex W.D.J.Koch; Röhling, Deutschl. Fl. ed. 3, 5: 68 (1839)
subspecies :
subsp. nicaeensis
Name: Nizza-Kreuzblümchen
Distribution: S-France; NW-Italy
12 FRA 13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala amblyptera var. nicaeensis (Risso ex W.D.J.Koch) Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 2: 370 (1841)
= Polygala amblyptera var. pubescens (Loisel.) Rchb.; Fl. Germ. Excurs. 1: 351 (1831)
= Polygala buxifolia var. pubescens (Loisel.) Rchb.; Iconogr. Bot. Pl. Crit. 1: 26 (1823)
= Polygala nicaeensis f. heterophylla Pamp.; Boll. Mus. Republ. San Marino 4: 116 (1920)
= Polygala nicaeensis proles pubescens (Loisel.) P.Graebn.; Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 7: 332 (1916)
= Polygala nicaeensis var. pubescens (Loisel.) Burnat; Fl. Alpes Marit. 1: 185 (1892)
= Polygala pubescens (Loisel.) Rohde ex Mutel; Fl. Franç. Herbor. 1: 129 (1834), nom. illeg.
= Polygala rosea Gren. & Godr.; Fl. France Corse 1: 194 (1847), nom. illeg.
= Polygala rosea subsp. nicaeensis (Risso ex W.D.J.Koch) Gand.; Nov. Consp. Fl. Eur.: 61 (1910)
= Polygala rosea var. nicaeensis (Risso ex W.D.J.Koch) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 83 (1878)
= Polygala thuringiaca Spreng.; Syst. Veg. ed. 16. 3: 166 (1826)
= Polygala vulgaris f. vestita Gren. ex Paol.; Fiori et al., Fl. Anal. Italia 2: 229 (1901)
= Polygala vulgaris lusus nicaeensis (Risso ex W.D.J.Koch) Regel; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 34(II): 517 (1862)
= Polygala vulgaris subsp. nicaeensis (Risso ex W.D.J.Koch) Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France 3: 70 (1896)
= Polygala vulgaris subsp. pubescens (Loisel.) Gand.; Nov. Consp. Fl. Eur.: 61 (1910)
= Polygala vulgaris var. nicaeensis (Risso ex W.D.J.Koch) Paol.; Fiori et al., Fl. Anal. Italia 2: 230 (1901)
= Polygala vulgaris var. pubescens Loisel.; J. Bot. (Desvaux) 2: 359 (1809)
subspecies :
subsp. corsica (Boreau) P.Graebn.; Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 7: 337 (1916)
Distribution: Corsica; Italy
12 COR 13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala corsica Boreau; Mém. Soc. Acad. Maine Loire 1. 87 (1857)
= Polygala nicaeensis var. corsica (Boreau) Chodat; Bull. Trav. Soc. Bot. Genève 5: 179 (1889)
= Polygala vulgaris proles corsica (Boreau) Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France 3: 72 (1896)
subspecies :
subsp. gariodiana (Jord. & Fourr.) Chodat; Bull. Soc. Bot. Genèe 5: 180 (1889)
Distribution: France; Italy
12 FRA 13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala gariodiana Jord. & Fourr.; Verl., Cat. Pl. Vasc. Dauphine: 392 (1872)
= Polygala nicaeensis var. gariodiana (Jord. & Fourr.) Chodat; Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 31: 460 (1893)
= Polygala vulgaris f. gariodiana (Jord. & Fourr.) Paol.; Fiori et al., Fl. Anal. Italia 2: 230 (1901)
= Polygala vulgaris proles gariodiana (Jord. & Fourr.) Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France 3: 72 (1896)
subspecies :
subsp. gerundensis (O.Bolòs & Vigo) Mateo & M.B.Crespo; Fl. Abrev. Comun. Valenciana: 430 (1995)
Distribution: NE-Spain; Andorra; SW-France
12 ADO FRA SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala caesalpini Bubani; Fl. Pyren. 3: 283 (1901)
= Polygala hispanica Sennen; Treb. Inst. Catalana Hist. Nat. 15(1): 10 (1931)
= Polygala nicaeensis subsp. caesalpini (Bubani) McNeill; Feddes Repert. 79: 32 (1968)
= Polygala rosea var. occidentalis Willk.; Willk. & Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 3: 558 (1878)
= Polygala vulgaris subsp. gerundensis (O.Bolòs & Vigo) O.Bolòs, Vigo, Masalles & Ninot; Fl. Man. Paísos Catalans: 1215 (1990)
= Polygala vulgaris var. gerundensis O.Bolòs & Vigo; But. Inst. Catalana Hist. Nat., 38 Bot. 1: 82 (1974)
subspecies :
subsp. italiana (Chodat) Arrigoni; Inform. Bot. Ital. 46(2): 246 (2014)
Distribution: Italy; San Marino
13 ITA SMA
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala nicaeensis var. italiana Chodat; Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 31: 460 (1893)
= Polygala vulgaris var. italiana (Chodat) Fiori; Nuov. Fl. Italia 2: 123 (1925)
subspecies :
subsp. mediterranea Chodat; Bull. Soc. Bot. Geneve 5: 179 (1889)
Distribution: Italy; San Marino; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; North Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; Greece; S-European Russia; Belarus; C-European Russia; Ukraine; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; East Aegaean Isl.
13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA MNT NMA SLV SMA 14 BLR RUS UKR 20 ALG MOR TUN 34 EAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala coursiereana Pomel; Nouv. Mat. Fl. Atl. 211 (1874)
= Polygala cretacea Kotov; Bull. Soc. Nat. Voron. 2: 39 (1927), et J. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. Ukraine, Nos. 21-2 (29-30), 238 (1939)
= Polygala mediterranea (Chodat) Dalla Torre & Sarnth.; Fl. Tirol 6(2): 763 (1909)
= Polygala mediterranea subsp. subpubescens (Borbás) Kozuharov & Petrova; Jordanov, Fl. Nar Rep. Bälg. 7. 204 (1979)
= Polygala mediterranea var. jordanovii Kozuharov & A.V.Petrova; Fl. Nar. Republ. Bulgariya 7: 493 (1979)
= Polygala mediterranea var. parilica Kozuharov & A.V.Petrova; Fl. Nar. Republ. Bulgariya 7: 492 (1979)
= Polygala nemorivaga Pomel; Nouv. Mat. Fl. Atlant.: 337 (1875)
= Polygala nicaeensis subsp. pannonica (Pócs) Melzer ex Wraber & Palma; Biol. Vestn. 30: 119 (1982)
= Polygala nicaeensis subsp. versicolor (Pomel) Batt.; Fl. Algerie [Batt. & Trab.] Dicot. 1(1): 106 (1888)
= Polygala nicaeensis var. commutata Pomel; Nouv. Mat. Fl. Atlant. 1: 212 (1874)
= Polygala nicaeensis var. coursiereana (Pomel) Batt.; Batt. & Trab., Fl. Algérie, Dicot.: 106 (1888)
= Polygala nicaeensis var. mauritanica Chodat; Mem. Soc. Sci. Phys. GenAve 31(2): 462 (1893)
= Polygala nicaeensis var. nemorivaga (Pomel) Bonnet; E. Bonnet & J. F. G. Barratte, Expl. Sci. Tunisie, Cat. Pl.: 46 (1896)
= Polygala nicaeensis var. obtusata Pomel; Nouv. Mat. Fl. Atlant. 1: 213 (1874)
= Polygala nicaeensis var. parilica Kozuharov & Petrova; Fl. Nar. Republ. Bulgariya 7: 492 (1979)
= Polygala numidica Pomel; Bull. Soc. Sci. Phys. Algérie 11: 211 (1874)
= Polygala versicolor Pomel; Nouv. Mat. Fl. Atlant. 2: 336 (1875) non Willd. ex Steud.
= Polygala vulgaris subsp. mediterranea (Chodat) O.Bolòs & Vigo; Butll. Inst. Catalana Hist. Nat 38: 82 (1974)
subspecies :
subsp. peninsularis Arrigoni; Inform. Bot. Ital. 46(2): 246 (2014)
Distribution: Italy; San Marino
13 ITA SMA
subspecies :
subsp. tomentella (Boiss.) Chodat; Bull. Soc. Bot. Genève 5: 179 (1889)
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala nicaeensis var. tomentella Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 1: 475 (1867)
= Polygala nicaeensis subsp. graeca Chodat; Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 31(2, 2): 463 (1893)
species :
Polygala nodiflora Chodat; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 48: 325 (1912)
Distribution: South Africa (Transvaal, KwaZulu-Natal)
27 SAF
Remarks: insufficiently known
species :
Polygala nyikensis Exell; Bol. Soc. Brot., Ser. 2, 31: 10 (1957)
Distribution: Tanzania; Zambia; Malawi
25 TAN 26 MLW ZAM
species :
Polygala oaxacana Chodat; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 52: Beibl 115, 73 (1914)
Distribution: Mexico (Oaxaca, Puebla)
79 MEX
Remarks: status uncertain, belongs likely as a synonym into Senega
species :
Polygala obliqua Pendry; Thai Forest Bull., Bot. 41: 41 (2013)
Distribution: Thailand
41 THA
species :
Polygala obtusissima Hochst. ex Chodat; Mem. Soc. Phys. Geneve 31: n. 2 322 (1893)
Distribution: Sudan; Ethiopia; Somalia
24 ETH SOM SUD
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala calcicola Chodat; Mem. Soc. Phys. Geneve 31: n. 2 336 (1893)
= Polygala obtusissima Hochst. ex Oliv.; Fl. Trop. Afr. 1: 130 (1868)
= Polygala obtusissima var. somalensis Chiov.; Fl. Somala 1: 89 (1929)
= Polygala senensis var. calcicola (Chodat) Paiva; Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 45: 157 (1988)
= Polygala senensis var. somalensis (Chiov.) Cufod.; Bull. Jard. Bot. Natl. Belg. 39(Suppl.): XXVI (1969)
species :
Polygala obversa R.A.Kerrigan; Austral. Syst. Bot. 25(2): 115 (2012)
Distribution: Australia (Northern Territory, Queensland)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala arvensis var. obovata Benth.; Fl. Austral. 1: 141 (1863)
= Polygala chinensis subvar. obovata (Benth.) Domin; Biblioth. Bot. 22(89): 857 (1927)
species :
Polygala oedipus Speg.; Anal. Mus. Buenos Aires 7: 232 (1902)
Distribution: Argentina (Santa Cruz)
85 ARG
Remarks: status uncertain, belongs likely as a synonym into Senega
species :
Polygala ohlendorfiana Eckl. & Zeyh.; Enum. Pl. Afric. Austral. 22 (1834-35)
Distribution: Tanzania; Malawi; Zimbabwe; Mozambique; South Africa (Limpopo, Gauteng, Mpulamanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, E-Cape Prov.); Lesotho; Eswatini [Swaziland]
25 TAN 26 MLW MOZ ZIM 27 LES SAF SWZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala ovalis E.Mey.; Drège, Zwei Pfl. Docum. 212 (1843)
species :
Polygala oligosperma C.Y.Wu; Acta Bot. Yunnan. 2(1): 81-82, f. 3: 1-3 (1980)
Distribution: China (S-Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Polygala oliverana Exell & Mendonça; Carrisso, Consp. Fl. Angol. 1: 100 (1937)
Distribution: Angola
26 ANG
species :
Polygala oophylla S.F.Blake; Contrib. Gray Herb. n. s. 47: 33 (1916)
Distribution: Mexico (Oaxaca, Puebla)
79 MEX
Remarks: status uncertain, belongs likely as a synonym into Senega
species :
Polygala ophiura Chodat; Mem. Soc. Phys. Geneve 31: n. 2 376 (1893)
Distribution: South Africa
27 SAF
Remarks: insufficiently known
species :
Polygala orbicularis Benth.; Fl. Austral. 1: 140 (1863)
Distribution: Australia (Northern Territory, Queensland)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala chinensis var. orbicularis (Benth.) Domin; Bibl. Bot. (1927 publ. 1928)
species :
Polygala oreophila Speg; Anal. Mus. Buenos Aires 7: 230 (1902)
Distribution: Argentina (Mendoza, Neuquen, Rio Negro)
85 ARG
Remarks: status uncertain, belongs likely as a synonym into Senega
species :
Polygala oreotrephes B.L.Burtt; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 29: 148 (1969)
Distribution: peninsular Malaysia (Perak, Pahan, Selangor)
42 MLY
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala monticola Ridl.; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 38: 303 (1908)
species :
Polygala padulae Arrigoni; Webbia 67(1): 37 (2012)
Distribution: Sardinia
12 SAR
species :
Polygala pallida E.Mey.; Drège, Zwei Pfl. Docum. 212 (1843)
Distribution: SW-Angola; Namibia; Botswana
26 ANG 27 BOT NAM
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala leucocarpa Chodat; Mem. Soc. Phys. Geneve 31: n. 2 400 (1893)
= Polygala pearsonii Exell; J. Bot. 65: 343 (1927)
species :
Polygala paludicola Gürke; Warb., Kunene-Sambesi Exped. 279 (1903)
Distribution: D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Angola; Zambia
23 ZAI 26 ANG ZAM
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala claessensii Chodat; Bull. Soc. Bol. Geneve, 1913. Ser. II. 5: 190 (1913)
= Polygala sparsiflora f. robustior Chodat; Ann. Mus. Congo Belge, Bot., sér. 3, 1: 14 (1901)
species :
Polygala panamensis Chodat; Mem. Soc. Phys. Geneve 31: n. 2 35 (1893)
Distribution: Costa Rica; Panama
80 COS PAN
Remarks: status uncertain, belongs likely as a synonym into Senega
species :
Polygala papilionacea Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. 1 1: 8 (1843)
Distribution: Armenia; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia)
33 ARM 34 TUR
species :
Polygala pappeana Eckl. & Zeyh.; Enum. Pl. Afric. Austral. 23 (1834-35)
Distribution: South Africa (W-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala ericifolia Harv.; Harv. & Sond. Fl. Cap. 1: 87 (1860), nom. illeg.
= Polygala restiacea E.Mey.; Drège, Zwei Pfl. Docum. 212 (1843)
species :
Polygala papuana (Steenis) Meijden; Fl. Males. 10(3): 465 (1988)
Distribution: New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
Synonyms: hidden
= Bredemeyera papuana Steenis; Acta Bot. Neerl. 17: 380 (1968)
species :
Polygala parkeri Levyns; J. South Afr. Bot. 21: 46 (1955)
Distribution: South Africa (W-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
species :
Polygala parrasana Brandegee; Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 6: 365 (1917)
Distribution: Mexico (Coahuila, Durango, Nuevo Leon)
79 MEX
Remarks: status uncertain, belongs likely as a synonym into Senega
species :
Polygala parviloba R.A.Kerrigan; Austral. Syst. Bot. 25(2): 117 (2012)
Distribution: Australia (Northern Territory, Western Australia, Queensland)
50 AUS
species :
Polygala pearcei A.W.Benn.; J. Bot. 17: 201 (1879)
Distribution: Peru; Bolivia
83 BOL PER
Remarks: status uncertain, belongs likely as a synonym into Senega
species :
Polygala pedemontana E.P.Perrier & B.Verl.; Rev. Hort. 1863: 433 (1863)
Distribution: Switzerland; France; Italy
11 SWI 12 FRA 13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala comosa subsp. pedemontana (E.P.Perrier & B.Verl.) P.Fourn.; Quatre Fl. France: 634 (1936)
= Polygala comosa var. pedemontana (E.P.Perrier & B.Verl.) Chodat; Burnat, Fl. Alpes Marit. 1: 188 (1892)
= Polygala nicaeensis f. coerulea Briq.; Prodr. Fl. Corse 2(2): 61 (1936)
= Polygala nicaeensis subsp. pedemontana (E.P.Perrier & B.Verl.) B.Bock; Bull. Soc. Bot. Centre-Ouest 43: 216 (2012)
= Polygala vulgaris subsp. pedemontana (Perrier & B.Verl.) Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France 3: 70 (1896)
= Polygala vulgaris var. pedemontana (E.P.Perrier & B.Verl.) Paol.; Fiori et al., Fl. Anal. Italia 2: 231 (1901)
species :
Polygala pedicellata S.F.Blake; Contrib. Gray Herb. n. s. 47: 45 (1916)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Hidalgo, Oaxaca, Veracruz)
79 MEX
Remarks: status uncertain, belongs likely as a synonym into Senega
species :
Polygala peduncularis Burch. ex DC.; Prod. 1: 323 (1824)
Distribution: South Africa (W-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala hispidula C.Presl; Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss., ser. 5, 3: 445 (1845)
= Polygala intermedia DC.; Prodr. 1: 322 (1824)
= Polygala rosmarinifolia Eckl. & Zeyh.; Enum. Pl. Afric. Austral. 20 (1834-35)
species :
Polygala pellucida Lace; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1915: 395 (1915)
Distribution: Myanmar
41 MYA
Synonyms: hidden
= Heterosamara pellucida (Lace) Paiva; Fontqueria 50: 129 (1998)
species :
Polygala pendulina R.A.Kerrigan; Austral. Syst. Bot. 25(2): 118 (2012)
Distribution: Australia (Queensland)
50 AUS
species :
Polygala pennellii S.F.Blake; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 51: 86 (1924)
Distribution: Colombia (Huila)
82 CLM
Remarks: status uncertain, belongs likely as a synonym into Senega
species :
Polygala peplis Baill.; Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Paris 1: 608 (1886)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
variant :
var. boinensis H.Perrier; Bull. Acad. Malgache, n.s. 14: 4 (1932)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
species :
Polygala perdurans Pendry; Blutnea 42(2): 470 (1997)
Distribution: Laos
41 LAO
species :
Polygala perennis S.F.Blake; N. Am. Fl. 25: 362 (1924)
Distribution: Mexico (Oaxaca, Veracruz)
79 MEX
Remarks: status uncertain, belongs likely as a synonym into Senega
species :
Polygala perrieri Paiva; Fontqueria 50: 167 (1998)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
species :
Polygala persicariifolia DC.; Prodr. 1: 326 (1824)
Distribution: Guinea; Sierra Leone; Nigeria; Cameroon; Central African Republic; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Rwanda; Burundi; Sudan; South Sudan; Ethiopia; Eritrea; Uganda; ?Kenya; ?Tanzania; Zambia; Malawi; Mozambique; Yemen (Aden Desert); China (Guangxi, Guizhou, Sichuan, Yunnan); Nepal; Bhutan; India (Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh); Bangladesh; Myanmar (Chin, Mandalay, Shan); N-Thailand; Laos; Cambodia; Vietnam; peninsular Malaysia; Sumatra; Philippines (Luzon); Java; Lesser Sunda Isl. (Bali, Lombok, Flores, Timor, Alor); New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea); Australia (Queensland)
22 GUI NGA SIE 23 BUR CAF CMN RWA ZAI 24 ERI ETH SSU SUD 25 UGA 26 MLW MOZ ZAM 35 YEM 36 CHI 40 BAN BHU IND NEP 41 CBD LAO MYA THA VIE 42 JAW LSI MLY NWG PHI SUM 50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala buchanani D.Don; Prodr. Fl. Nep. 199 (1825), nom. illeg.
= Polygala figariana Webb; Fragm. Fl. Aethiop.-aegypt. 31. (1854)
= Polygala granulata Hochst; Flora 24: I. Intell. 30 (1841)
= Polygala granulata Hochst. ex A.Rich.; Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 39 (1847)
= Polygala hypericoides Webb; Fragm. Fl. Aethiop. 31 (1854)
= Polygala persicariifolia f. fazogliana Chodat; Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 31(2: 2): 333 (1893)
= Polygala persicariifolia f. latifolia Chodat; Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 31(2: 2): 333 (1893), nom. illeg.
= Polygala persicariifolia f. macrophylla Lanza & Mattei; Boll. Reale Orto Bot. Palermo 8: 80 (1909)
= Polygala persicariifolia var. densiflora Chodat; Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 31(2: 2): 333 (1893)
= Polygala persicariifolia var. fazogliana (Chodat) T.Durand & Schinz; Consp. Fl. Afric. 1(2): 242 (1898)
= Polygala persicariifolia var. granulata (Hochst. ex A.Rich.) Chodat; Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 31(2: 2): 333 (1893)
= Polygala persicariifolia var. latifolia Oliv.; Fl. Trop. Afr. 1: 129 (1868)
= Polygala persicariifolia var. punctulata Chodat; Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 31(2: 2): 332 (1893)
= Polygala punctulata Hochst.; Flora 24(1 Intell.): 30 (1841), nomen
= Polygala rufa Span.; Linnaea 15: 167 (1841)
= Polygala septemnervia Merr.; Philipp. J. Sci. 1: Suppl. 202 (1906)
= Polygala spilophylla Steud.; Nom. ed. II. 2: 373 (1840), nomen
= Polygala wallichiana Wight; Ill. Ind. Bot. 1: 49 (1838)
species :
Polygala peshmenii Eren, Parolly, Raus & Kürschner; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 158(1): 83 (2008)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Polygala petitiana A.Rich.; Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 37 (1847)
subspecies :
subsp. petitiana
Distribution: Mali; Burkina Faso; Ghana; Togo; Nigeria; Cameroon; Central African Republic; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Rwanda; Burundi; Sudan; ?South Sudan; Ethiopia; Uganda; Tanzania; Angola; Zambia; Malawi; Zimbabwe; Mozambique
22 BKN GHA MLI NGA TOG 23 BUR CAF CMN RWA ZAI 24 ETH SUD 25 TAN UGA 26 ANG MLW MOZ ZAM ZIM
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala nilotica Chodat; Mem. Soc. Phys. Geneve 31: n. 2 369 (1893)
= Polygala petitiana var. calceolata Norl.; Bot. Not. 1935: 364 (1935)
= Polygala tetrasepala Webb; Fragm. Fl. Aethiop.-Aegypt.: 33 (1854)
= Polygala volkensii Gürke; Engl. Pflanzenw. Ost-Afr. C 234 (1895)
variant :
var. abercornensis Paiva; Fontqueria 50: 228 (1998)
Distribution: Tanzania; Zambia
25 TAN 26 ZAM
subspecies :
subsp. parviflora (Exell) Paiva; Fontqueria 50: 228 (1998)
Distribution: South Sudan; Uganda; Angola; Zambia; Zimbabwe; Mozambique; Botswana; etc.
24 SSU 25 UGA 26 ANG MOZ ZAM ZIM 27 BOT
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala petitiana var. parviflora Exell; Bol. Soc. Brot., sér. 2, 31: 12 (1957)
species :
Polygala petricola J.F.B.Pastore; Edinburgh J. Bot. 78-356: 2 (2021)
Distribution: Brazil (Minas Gerais)
84 BRA
Remarks: status uncertain, belongs likely into Senega
species :
Polygala petrophila R.A.Kerrigan; Austral. Syst. Bot. 25(2): 120 (2012)
Distribution: Australia (Western Australia, Northern Territory)
50 AUS
variant :
var. angustifolia R.A.Kerrigan; Austral. Syst. Bot. 25(2): 120 (2012)
Distribution: Australia (Northern Territory)
50 AUS
species :
Polygala picta Charit.; Dopoln. Fl. i Rastitel´n. Yuga Zapadnoi Sibiri 169 (-170, 16; f. 1. 10) (2020)
Distribution: Siberia (W-Siberia)
30 SIB
Remarks: provisionally accepted name, will highly likely turn out to be a synonym of a more widespread species
species :
Polygala plagioptera Linden & Planch.; Pl. Columb. 1: 29 (1863)
Distribution: Colombia
82 CLM
Remarks: status uncertain, belongs likely as a synonym into Senega
species :
Polygala platyptera Bornm. & Gauba; Feddes Repert. 51: 33 (1942)
Distribution: Iran (N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan)
34 IRN
species :
Polygala poggei Gürke; Bot. Jahrb. 14: 309 (1892)
Distribution: SE-D.R.Congo [Zaire]; NW-Angola
23 ZAI 26 ANG
species :
Polygala polyedra Brandegee; Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 6: 364 (1917)
Distribution: Mexico (Sinaloa)
79 MEX
Remarks: status uncertain, belongs likely as a synonym into Senega
species :
Polygala pottebergensis Levyns; J. South Afr. Bot. 21: 30 (1955)
Distribution: South Africa (W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
species :
Polygala praecox R.A.Kerrigan; Austral. Syst. Bot. 25(2): 121 (2012)
Distribution: Australia (Western Australia)
50 AUS
species :
Polygala praetermissa Thulin; Nord. J. Bot. 21: 393 (2001)
Distribution: NE-Somalia
24 SOM
species :
Polygala praticola Chodat; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 48: 332 (1912)
Distribution: South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal)
27 SAF
species :
Polygala preslii Spreng.; Syst. Veg. 5: 551 (1828)
Distribution: ?Italy; Sicily
13 SIC
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala elongata C.Presl; Fl. Sicul.: xvi (1826), nom. illeg.
= Polygala vulgaris var. preslii (Spreng.) Fiori; Nuov. Fl. Italia 2: 125 (1925)
species :
Polygala producta N.E.Br.; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1895: 142 (1895)
Distribution: Zimbabwe; Mozambique; South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, KwaZulu-Natal, E-Cape Prov.); Eswatini [Swaziland]
26 MOZ ZIM 27 SAF SWZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala rehmannii var. gymnoptera Chodat; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 48: 321 (1912)
= Polygala rehmannii var. parviflora Chodat; Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 31(2: 2): 362 (1893)
species :
Polygala pruinosa Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. 1: 8. (1843)
subspecies :
subsp. pruinosa
Distribution: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia); Sinai peninsula (S-Sinai)
33 ARM AZE 34 SIN TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala ramulosa Boiss. & Balansa; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 2, 6: 24 (1859)
= Polygala phrygia Boiss. & Balansa ex Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 1: 473 (1867)
subspecies :
subsp. megaptera Cullen; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 25: 46 (1963)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Polygala pseudoalpestris (Gren.) A.W.Hill; Index Kew Suppl. 6: 162 (1926)
Distribution: E-France; Italy
12 FRA 13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala vulgaris f. pseudoalpestris (Gren.) Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France 3: 64 (1896), nomen
= Polygala vulgaris subsp. pseudoalpestris (Gren.) P.Fourn.; Fl. Compl. Plaine Franç.: 41 (1928)
= Polygala vulgaris subsp. pseudoalpestris (Gren.) Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France 3: 62 (1896)
= Polygala vulgaris var. pseudoalpestris Gren.; Fl. Jurass. 1: 98 (1865)
species :
Polygala pseudocoelosioides Chodat; Mem. Soc. Phys. Geneve 31: n. 2 237 (1893)
Distribution: Honduras; Nicaragua; Guyana
80 HON NIC 82 GUY
Remarks: status uncertain, belongs likely as a synonym into Senega
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala mosquitiensis Proctor; Moscosoa 2: 21 (1983)
species :
Polygala pseudohospita (Tamamsch.) Tamamsch.; Fl. URSS, ed. Kom. 14: 255 (1949)
Distribution: Armenia; Azerbaijan
33 ARM AZE
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala supina var. pseudohospita Tamamsch.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 39: 326 (1936)
species :
Polygala pterocarpa R.A.Kerrigan; Austral. Syst. Bot. 25(2): 122 (2012)
Distribution: Australia (Northern Territory, Queensland, Western Australia)
50 AUS
species :
Polygala pterocarya Chodat; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 52: Beibl. 115, 83 (1914)
Distribution: Mexico (Guerrero, Oaxaca)
79 MEX
Remarks: status uncertain, belongs likely as a synonym into Senega
species :
Polygala pteropoda H.Perrier; Bull. Acad. Malgache, no. s. 14: 24 (1931 publ. 1932)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
species :
Polygala pubiflora Burch. ex DC.; Prod. 1: 322 (1824)
Distribution: South Africa (W-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
species :
Polygala pungens Burch.; Trav. 1: 304 (1822)
Distribution: South Africa (Free State, N-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
species :
Polygala pycnantha R.A.Kerrigan; Austral. Syst. Bot. 25(2): 123 (2012)
Distribution: Australia (Queensland)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala pycnophylla Domin; Biblioth. Bot. 22(89): 304 (1927), non Brandegee 1917
species :
Polygala pyroloides Gagnep.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 85: 603 (1938 publ. 1939)
Distribution: C-Vietnam
41 VIE
species :
Polygala rarifolia DC.; Prod. 1: 332 (1824)
Distribution: Gambia; Guinea-Bissau; Guinea; Sierra Leone; Ghana
22 GAM GHA GNB GUI SIE
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala rigens Eckl. & Zeyh.; Enum. Pl. Afric. Austral. 22 (1834-35)
= Polygala tenuifolia Link; Enum. Hort. Berol. Alt. 2: 220 (1822), nom. illeg.
= Polygala tenuis A.Dietr.; Allg. Gartenzeitung 2: 119 (1834), nom. illeg.
species :
Polygala rausiana U.Raabe, Kit Tan, Iatroú, Vold & Parolly; Willdenowia 39(1): 71 (2009)
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
species :
Polygala recognita Chodat; Mem. Soc. Phys. Geneve 31: n. 2 428 (1893)
Distribution: South Africa (W-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
species :
Polygala refracta Burch. ex DC.; Prod. 1: 323 (1824)
Distribution: South Africa (Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Lesotho
27 LES SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala harveyana Chodat; Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 31(2: 2): 412 (1893)
= Polygala macra Harv.; Harv. et al., Fl. Cap. 1: 89 (1860), nom. illeg.
species :
Polygala rehmannii Chodat; Mem. Soc. Phys. Geneve 31: n. 2 362 (1893)
Distribution: Zimbabwe; South Africa (North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal)
26 ZIM 27 SAF
species :
Polygala reinii Franch. & Sav.; Enum. Pl. Jap. 2: 292 (1878)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala reinii f. angustifolia (T.Itô) K.Watson & H.Ohba; Fl. Japan 2c: 54 (1999)
= Polygala reinii f. stenophylla Yonek.; J. Jap. Bot. 80(6): 326 (2005), nom. superfl.
= Polygala reinii var. angustifolia Makino; J. Jap. Bot. 3(5): 18 (1926), nom. illeg.
= Polygala reinii var. angustifolia T.Itô; Encycl. Jap. 2: 612 (1909)
species :
Polygala resendeana Paiva; Portug. Acta Biol., B 9: 172 (1968)
Distribution: SW-Angola
26 ANG
species :
Polygala resinosa S.K.Chen; Acta Bot. Yunnan. 2(1): 78-80, f. 2: 1-3 (1980)
Distribution: China (SW-Guangxi)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Heterosamara resinosa (S.K.Chen) Paiva & P.Silveira; Nordic J. Bot. 25(5-6): 288 (2008)
species :
Polygala retamoides (H.Perrier) Wahlert, Phillipson & G.E.Schatz; Candollea 68(2): 314 (2013)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala longeracemosa var. retamoides H.Perrier; Bull. Trimestriel Acad. Malgache ser. 2, 14: 10 (1932)
species :
Polygala retiefiana Paiva & Figueiredo; Phytotaxa 117(1): 31 (2013)
Distribution: South Africa (Free State)
27 SAF
species :
Polygala retifolia S.F.Blake; Contrib. Gray Herb. n. s. 47: 29 (1916)
Distribution: Mexico (Jalisco)
79 MEX
Remarks: status uncertain, belongs likely as a synonym into Senega
species :
Polygala rhinanthoides Sol. ex Benth.; Fl. Austral. 1: 140 (1863)
Distribution: New Guinea (Papua New Guinea); Australia (Western Australia, Northern Territory, Queensland)
42 NWG 50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala rhinanthoides var. minor Benth.; Fl. Austral. 1: 140 (1863)
species :
Polygala rhinostigma Chodat; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 48: Beibl. 328 (1912)
Distribution: South Africa (Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, E-Cape Prov.); Lesotho
27 LES SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala rhinostigma var. latialata Chodat; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 48: 329 (1912)
species :
Polygala rhynchocarpa R.A.Kerrigan; Austral. Syst. Bot. 25(2): 124 (2012)
Distribution: Australia (Western Australia)
50 AUS
species :
Polygala rigens Burch.; Trav. S. Africa 1: 465 (1822)
Distribution: South Africa (E-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala asbestina var. rigens (Burch.) Harv.
species :
Polygala rivularis Gürke; Warb., Kunene-Sambesi Exped. 278 (1903)
Distribution: SE-D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Angola; Zambia
23 ZAI 26 ANG ZAM
species :
Polygala robsonii Exell; Bol. Soc. Brot., Ser. 2, 34: 93 (1960)
Distribution: Zambia; Malawi; Zimbabwe
26 MLW ZAM ZIM
species :
Polygala rodrigueana Paiva; Fontqueria 50: 247 (1998), nom. nov.
Distribution: South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal)
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Muraltia arcuata (Chodat) Chodat; Vierteljahrsschr. Nat. Ges. Zürich 61: 626 (1916)
= Polygala arcuata Chodat; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 48: 333 (1912)
species :
Polygala rojasii Chodat; Bull. Herb. Boissier Ser. II. 7: 919 (1907)
Distribution: Bolivia (Beni, La Paz, Santa Cruz); S-Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul); Paraguay (Amambay, Canindeyu, Central); Argentina (Formosa, Misiones)
83 BOL 84 BRA 85 ARG PAR
Remarks: status uncertain, belongs likely as a synonym into Senega
species :
Polygala rosea Desf.; Fl. Atlant. 2: 128 (1798)
Distribution: ?Morocco; Algeria
20 ALG
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala gypsophiloides C.Presl ex Willk. & Lange; Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 3: 558 (1878), nomen
= Polygala saxatilis Port. ex Willk. & Lange; Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 3: 558 (1878), nomen
= Polygala schimperi C.Presl; Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss., ser. 5, 3: 444 (1845)
= Polygala vulgaris Desf.; Fl. Atlant. 2: 127 (1798) non L.
species :
Polygala rosmarinifolia Wight & Arn.; Prodr. Fl. Ind. Orient. 37 (1834)
Distribution: India (Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, Tamil Nadu); Sri Lanka
40 IND SRL
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala arnottiana Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 2: 370 (1841), nomen, non Hassk.
= Polygala linarifolia B.Heyne ex Hassk.; Miq. Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd. Bat. 1: 175 (1864)
= Polygala rosmarinifolia var. puberula Thwaites; Enum. Pl. Zeyl.: 400 (1864)
= Polygala tranquebarica Wight; Wall., Numer. List no. 4169 (1831), nomen
= Polygala triflora Hassk.; Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 1: 175 (1864), nom. illeg.
species :
Polygala rossica Kem.-Nath.; Notul. Syst. (Paris) Geogr. Inst. Bot. Tphilis., Fasc. 14, 34 (1948)
Distribution: European Russia (Kursk)
14 RUS
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Polygala rupestris Pourr.; Hist. & Mém. Acad. Roy. Sci. Toulouse 3: 325 (1788)
subspecies :
subsp. rupestris
Distribution: Spain; Gibraltar; Baleares; France; Sardinia; ?Italy; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia
12 BAL FRA GIB SAR SPA 20 ALG MOR TUN
Remarks: rupestris agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Isolophus saxatilis (Desf.) Spach; Hist. Veg. Phan. 7: 114 (1839)
= Polygala juniperina Cav.; Anal. Cienc. Nat. 4: 53 (1801)
= Polygala laticarpa (Doum.) Sennen; Sennen & Mauricio, Cat. Fl. Rif Orient.: 146 (1933)
= Polygala microphylla var. juniperina (Cav.) Nyman; Syll. Fl. Eur.: 210 (1855)
= Polygala rupestris f. angustifolia Dautez & Debeaux; Syn. Fl. Gibraltar: 32 (1889)
= Polygala rupestris f. canescens Chodat; Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 31: 310 (1893)
= Polygala rupestris f. tenuifolia Chodat; Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 31: 310 (1893)
= Polygala rupestris subsp. tunetana Murb.; Acta Univ. Lund. 33(12): 26 (1897)
= Polygala rupestris subvar. canescens (Chodat) Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France 3: 82 (1896)
= Polygala rupestris var. angustifolia (Dautez & Debeaux) Willk.; Suppl. Prodr. Fl. Hispan.: 268 (1893)
= Polygala rupestris var. canescens (Chodat) Jahand. & Maire; Jahand. et al., Cat. Pl. Maroc 2: 457 (1932)
= Polygala rupestris var. juniperina (Cav.) P.Graebn.; Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 7: 313 (1915)
= Polygala rupestris var. laticarpa (Doum.) Pau & Font Quer; Font Quer, Iter Marocc. 1927 no. 360, in sched. (1928)
= Polygala rupestris var. rupicola (Pomel) Batt.; Fl. Algèrie [Batt. & Trab.] Dicot. 1(1): 106 (1888)
= Polygala rupestris var. saxatilis (Desf.) Murb.; Acta Univ. Lund. 33(12): 26 (1897)
= Polygala rupicola Pomel; Nouv. Mat. Fl. Atl. 1: 213 (1874), nom. illeg.
= Polygala saxatilis Desf.; Fl. Atlant. 2: 128 (1798)
= Polygala tunetana Murb.; Contrib. Fl. Nord-Ouest Afr. Ser. I. 1: (Act. Reg. Soc. Physiogr. Lund, viii) (1897)
subspecies :
subsp. font-queri (Pau) Font Quer; Cavanillesia 4: 92 (1931)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala font-queri Pau; Cavanillesia 4: 91 (1931)
= Polygala oxycoccoides subsp. font-queri Font Quer; Cavanillesia 4: 92 (1931), nom. altern.
subspecies :
subsp. oxycoccoides (Desf.) Batt.; Fl. Algèrie [Batt. & Trab.] Dicot.: 106 (1888)
Distribution: Morocco; Algeria
20 ALG MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala oxyococcoides Desf.; Fl. Atlant. 2: 127 (1798)
= Polygala rupestris f. desertica Chodat; Mém. Soc. Sci. Phys. GenAve 31(2): 311 (1893)
= Polygala rupestris subsp. densiflora Braun-Blanq. & Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 13: 14 (1922)
= Polygala rupestris var. densiflora (Braun-Blanq. & Maire) Jahand. & Maire; Cat. Pl. Maroc 2: 457 (1932)
= Polygala rupestris var. desertica (Chodat) Jahand. & Maire; Jahand. et al., Cat. Pl. Maroc 2: 457 (1932)
= Polygala rupestris var. oxycoccoides (Desf.) Chodat; Mém. Soc. Sci. Phys. GenAve 31(2): 310 (1893)
species :
Polygala rupicola Hochst. & Steud.; Flora 24: 1, 30 (1841)
Distribution: Ethiopia; Eritrea; Saudi Arabia (Asir)
24 ERI ETH 35 SAU
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala abyssinica var. adoensis Chodat; Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 31(2: 2): 389 (1893)
species :
Polygala russelliana S.F.Blake; N. Am. Fl. 25: 326 (1924)
Distribution: Mexico (?Baja California Sur, Morelos, Sonora)
79 MEX
Remarks: status uncertain, belongs likely as a synonym into Senega
species :
Polygala ruwenzoriensis Chodat; J. Bot., 199 (1896)
Distribution: E-D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Rwanda; Uganda; Zambia
23 RWA ZAI 25 UGA 26 ZAM
species :
Polygala saccopetala R.A.Kerrigan; Austral. Syst. Bot. 25(2): 125 (2012)
Distribution: Australia (Northern Territory, Western Australia)
50 AUS
species :
Polygala sadebeckiana Gürke; Engl. Pflanzenw. Ost-Afr. C 233 (1895)
Distribution: Sudan; Ethiopia; Somalia; Kenya; Tanzania; Malawi; Mozambique
24 ETH SOM SUD 25 KEN TAN 26 MLW MOZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala cryptantha Chodat; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 48: 311 (1912)
= Polygala gillettii Paiva; Fontqueria 50: 174 (1998)
= Polygala kassasii Chrtek; Preslia 48(1): 84 (1976)
= Polygala maxima Gürke; Engl. Pflanzenw. Ost-Afr. C 233 (1895)
= Polygala polygoniflora Chodat; J. Bot. 34: 200 (1896)
= Polygala sadebeckiana var. minor Chodat; Bull. Herb. Boissier 4: 906 (1896)
species :
Polygala sandiaochiaoensis S.S.Ying; New Taxa New Names 3: 97 (2022)
Distribution: Taiwan
38 TAI
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Polygala sardoa Chodat; Bull. Soc. Bot. Genève ser. 2, 5: 109 (1913)
Distribution: Sardinia
12 SAR
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala vulgaris var. sardoa (Chodat) Fiori; Nuov. Fl. Italia 2: 125 (1925)
species :
Polygala saxicola Dunn; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 35(247): 485 (1903)
Distribution: China (Guangxi, Yunnan); Vietnam
36 CHI 41 VIE
Synonyms: hidden
= Heterosamara saxicola (Dann) Paiva; Fontqueria, 50:127 (1998)
species :
Polygala scabra L.; Sp. Pl. 703 (1753)
Distribution: Namibia; South Africa (N-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov.)
27 NAM SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala affinis DC.; Prod. 1: 322 (1824)
= Polygala burmannii DC.; Prod. 1: 322 (1824)
= Polygala agnipila Gand.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 60: 455 (1913)
species :
Polygala schinziana Chodat; Mem. Soc. Phys. Geneve 31: n. 2 364 (1893)
Distribution: Angola; Zambia; Zimbabwe; Namibia; Botswana; South Africa (North-West Prov.)
26 ANG ZAM ZIM 27 BOT NAM SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala benguellensis Gürke; Kunene-Sambesi-Exped. (Warb.) 277 (1903)
= Polygala bicornis Burch. ex Chodat; Bull. Herb. Boissier 4: 236 (1896)
species :
Polygala schirvanica Grossh.; Notul. Syst. (Paris) Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS 13: 17 (1950)
Distribution: Azerbaijan
33 AZE
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Polygala schoenlankii O.Hoffm. & Hildebr. ex O.Hoffm.; Sert. Madagascar. 6 (1881)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala buchenaui O.Hoffm.; Abh. Naturwiss. Vereins Bremen 7: 240 (1882)
= Polygala hyssopifolia Bojer; Rapp. Annuel Trav. Soc. Hist. Nat. île Maurice 12: 13 (1842), nom. illeg.
= Polygala rutenbergii O.Hoffm.; Abh. Naturwiss. Vereins Bremen 7: 239 (1882)
variant :
var. madagascariensis (O.Hoffm.) H.Perrier; Bull. Trimestr. Acad. Malgache, no. s. 14: 13 (1932)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala madagascariensis O.Hoffm.; Bremen, Abh. 7: 240 (1882)
variant :
var. simplicicrista H.Perrier; Bull. Trimestr. Acad. Malgache, no. s. 14: 14 (1932)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala leptocaulis Bojer; 12me. Rapp. Ann. Trav. Soc. Hist. Nat. Maurice: 14 (1842) ex Baker, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 22: 445 (1887)
= Polygala leptoclada Bojer; Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 2, 20: 96 (1843)
= Polygala schoenlankii var. leptocaulis (Baker) H.Perrier; Bull. Trimestr. Acad. Malgache, no. s. 14: 13 (1932)
species :
Polygala schweinfurthii Chodat; Mem. Soc. Phys. Geneve 31: n. 2 338 (1893)
Distribution: Cameroon; Central African Republic; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Rwanda; ?Burundi; S-Chad; South Sudan; Uganda; ?Tanzania
23 CAF CMN RWA ZAI 24 CHA SSU 25 UGA
species :
Polygala scorpioides R.A.Kerrigan; Austral. Syst. Bot. 25(2): 126 (2012)
Distribution: Australia (Queensland)
50 AUS
species :
Polygala sekhukhuniensis Retief, S.J.Siebert & A.E.van Wyk; S. African J. Bot. 76(2): 346 (2010)
Distribution: South Africa (Mpulamanga, Limpopo)
27 SAF
species :
Polygala seleri Chodat; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 52: Beibl. 73 (1914)
Distribution: Guatemala
80 GUA
Remarks: status uncertain, belongs likely as a synonym into Senega
species :
Polygala seminuda Harv.; Harv. & Sond. Fl. Cap. 1: 86 (1860)
Distribution: Namibia; Botswana; South Africa (Free State, N-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.)
27 BOT NAM SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala parva Chodat; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 48: 330 (1912)
species :
Polygala senensis Klotzsch; Peters, Reise Mossamb. Bot. 113 (1861)
Distribution: Ethiopia; Eritrea; Somalia; Kenya; Zimbabwe; Mozambique; South Africa (Limpopo, Mpulamanga, KwaZulu-Natal); Eswatini [Swaziland]; Oman (Dhofar); Yemen (W-Yemen, N-Inner Yemen)
24 ERI ETH SOM 25 KEN 26 MOZ ZIM 27 SAF SWZ 35 OMA YEM
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala matteiana Pamp.; Bull. Soc. Bot. Ital. 1915: 16 (1915), et in Chiov. Result. Sci. Miss. Stefan.-Paoli Somalia. Ital. 1: 25 (1916)
= Polygala multiflora Mattei; Boll. Reale Orto Bot. Palermo 7: 177 (1908), nom. illeg.
= Polygala rogersiana Baker f. [J.Bot.56: 5 (1918)]
species :
Polygala septentrionalis Troupin; Bull. Jard. Bot. État Bruxelles 19: 205 (1948)
Distribution: Cameroon; Central African Republic; N-D.R.Congo [Zaire]; South Sudan
23 CAF CMN ZAI 24 SSU
species :
Polygala serpentaria Eckl & Zeyh.; Enum. Pl. Afric. Austral. 24 (1834-35)
Distribution: South Africa (Limpopo, Gauteng, Mpulamanga, KwaZulu-Natal, E-Cape Prov.); Eswatini [Swaziland]
27 SAF SWZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala chloroptera Chodat; Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 31(2: 2): 375 (1893), nom. illeg.
= Polygala laevigata E.Mey.; Drège, Zwei Pflanzengeogr. Dokum.: 212 (1843), nomen
= Polygala natalensis Chodat; Bull. Herb. Boissier 4: 237 (1896)
= Polygala serpentaria Eckl. ex Chodat; Mem. Soc. Phys. Geneve 31: n. 2 334 (1893), nom. illeg.
species :
Polygala serpyllifolia Hosé; Ann. Bot. (Usteri) 21: 39 (1797)
Name: Quendel-Kreuzblümchen (DE)
Distribution: Faeroe Isl.; England; Ireland; Denmark; Norway; Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, +Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; ?Liechtenstein; Austria; Czech Republic; Portugal; Spain; Andorra; France; Channel Isl.; Corsica; Italy; Serbia; Kosovo; Azores (Pico); New Zealand [I]
10 DEN FOR GRB IRE NOR 11 AUT BGM CZE GER LUX NET SWI 12 ADO CIS COR FRA POR SPA 13 ITA KOS SRB 21 AZO 51 nzl
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala badensis K.F.Schimp.; Spenn., Fl. Friburg. 3: 867 (1829)
= Polygala depressa var. ciliata (Lebel) F.W.Schultz; 99 (1861)
= Polygala depressa var. oppositifolia Merino; Mem. Real Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 2: 507 (1904)
= Polygala depressa Wender.; Schriften Ges. Beförd. Gesammten Naturwiss. Marburg 2: 239 (1831), nom. illeg.
= Polygala diffusa Wender.; 238 (1831), nom. inval.
= Polygala lioranii Jord. ex Lamotte; Prodr. Fl. Plat. Centr. 1: 127 (1876)
= Polygala mutabilis Dum.Cours.; Fl. Belg. Prod. 31 (1827)
= Polygala paludosa Boenn. ex Rchb.; Fl. Germ. Excurs. 1: 351 (1831), nomen
= Polygala serpyllacea subvar. angustifolia Merino; Brotéria, Sér. Bot. 11: 200 (1913)
= Polygala serpyllacea var. mutabilis (Dumort.) De Wild.; De Wild. & Durande, Prodr. Fl. Belg. 2(6): 385 (1899)
= Polygala serpyllacea var. vincoides Chodat; J. Bot. 44: 35 (1906)
= Polygala serpyllacea Weihe; Flora (Regensburg) 9: 745 (1826)
= Polygala serpyllifolia var. laxa (Rouy & Foucaud) Hegi; 106 (1924)
= Polygala serpyllifolia var. major (Rouy & Foucaud) Hegi; 106 (1924)
= Polygala serpyllifolia var. mutabilis (Dumort.) P.Graebn.; Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 7: 371 (1916)
= Polygala serpyllifolia var. vincoides (Chodat ex Ham.-Davy) P.D.Sell; P. D. Sell & G. Murrell, Fl. Great Br. Ireland 518 (2009)
= Polygala vulgaris f. mutabilis (Dumort.) Paol.; Fiori et al., Fl. Anal. Italia 2: 229 (1901)
= Polygala vulgaris lusus depressa (Wender.) Regel; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 34(II): 514 (1862)
= Polygala vulgaris proles serpyllacea (Weihe) Samp.; Ann. Sci. Acad. Polytecn. Porto 4: 122 (1909)
= Polygala vulgaris subsp. depressa (Wender.) Bonnier & Layens; Tabl. Syn. Pl. Vasc. France: 40 (1894)
= Polygala vulgaris subsp. serpyllacea (Weihe) Ahlfv.; Neuman, 303 (1901)
= Polygala vulgaris subsp. serpyllacea (Weihe) Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France 3: 74 (1896)
= Polygala vulgaris subsp. serpyllifolia (Hosé) Freiberg; Verh. Naturhist. Vereines Preuss. Rheinl. Westphalens 67: 419 (1911)
= Polygala vulgaris var. depressa (Wender.) Bab.; Man. Brit. Bot., ed. 5: 41 (1862)
= Polygala vulgaris var. laxa Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France 3: 75, 76 (1896)
= Polygala vulgaris var. mutabilis (Dumort.) Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France 3: 75 (1896)
= Polygala vulgaris var. serpyllacea (Weihe) Paol.; Fiori et al., Fl. Anal. Italia 2: 229 (1901)
= Polygala vulgaris var. serpyllifolia (Hosé) Fiori; Nuov. Fl. Italia 2: 122 (1925)
species :
Polygala seyfegoluensis Dönmez, Ugurlu & Yizb.; Turk. J. Bot. 48(1): 45 (2024)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Polygala sfikasiana Kit Tan; Phytol. Balcan. 15(2): 291 (2009)
Distribution: C-Greece (Mt. Parnon, Lakonia)
13 GRC
species :
Polygala sibirica L.; Sp. Pl. 702 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. sibirica
Distribution: Romania; Bulgaria; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; Moldova; Ukraine; Siberia (Altai, Buryatia, Chita, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva, W-Siberia, Yakutia); Russian Far East (Amur, Khabarovsk, Primorye); Kazakhstan; Northern Caucasus; Afghanistan (Paktia / Khost); China (Gansu, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan); Tibet; Mongolia; North Korea; South Korea; Pakistan; Nepal; India (Andhra Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Assam, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Karnataka, Kerala, Manipur, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Punjab, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh); Bangladesh; Laos; Vietnam
13 BUL ROM 14 MLD RUS UKR 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ 33 NCS 34 AFG 36 CHI TIB 37 MON 38 KOR NKO 40 BAN IND NEP PAK 41 LAO VIE
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala barthiana Fuss; Verh. Mitth. Siebenbürg. Vereins Naturwiss. Hermannstadt 19: 210 (1868)
= Polygala hakobii (Tamamsch.) Nevski; Fl. URSR 14: 251 (1949)
= Polygala heyneana Wall.; Numer. List no. 4184 (1831), nomen
= Polygala heyneana Wall. ex Wight & Arn.; Prodr. Fl. Ind.: 38 (1834)
= Polygala japonica var. cinerascens Franch.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France p. 33 (1899)
= Polygala macropetala Hassk.; Miq. Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd. Bat. 1: 168 (1864)
= Polygala sibirica lusus amurensis Regel; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 34(II): 520 (1862)
= Polygala sibirica lusus chinensis Regel; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 34(II): 519 (1862)
= Polygala sibirica lusus ussuriensis Regel; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 34(II): 520 (1862)
= Polygala sibirica f. ciliata Tamamsch.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 39: 321 (1936)
= Polygala sibirica f. latifolia (Ledeb.) Regel; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 34(II): 519 (1862)
= Polygala sibirica f. latifolia Tamamsch.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 39: 321 (1936), nom. illeg.
= Polygala sibirica subsp. heyneana (Wall. ex Wight & Arn.) Kit Tan; Edinburgh J. Bot. 47: 353 (1990)
= Polygala sibirica var. ciliata (Tamamsch.) Nevski; Fl. URSR 14: 251 (1949)
= Polygala sibirica var. hakobii Tamamsch.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 39: 321 (1936)
= Polygala sibirica var. heyneana (Wall. ex Wight & Arn.) A.W.Benn.; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 205 (1872)
= Polygala sibirica var. latifolia Ledeb.; Fl. Ross. (Ledeb.) 1: 269 (1842)
= Polygala sibirica var. stricta Debeaux; Actes Soc. Linn. Bordeaux 31: 123 (1876)
= Polygala venosa B.Heyne ex Wall.; Numer. List no. 4184 (1831), nomen
variant :
var. megalopha Franch.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 33: 417 (1886)
Distribution: China (?Sichuan, Yunnan)
36 CHI
subspecies :
subsp. bhutanica Kit Tan; Edinb. J. Bot. 47(3): 352 (1990)
Distribution: Bhutan; India (Sikkim, Assam); Myanmar (Shan)
40 BHU IND 41 MYA
species :
Polygala sinaica Botsch.; Novit. Syst. Pl. Vasc. 1964: 368 (1964)
Distribution: Sinai peninsula (S-Sinai); Saudi Arabia (NE-Saudi Arabia)
34 SIN 35 SAU
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala spinescens Decne.; Ann. Sci. Nat. ser. 2, 3: 275 (1835) non Gillies (1833)
= Polygala decaisnei Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 2: 371 (1841), nomen
variant :
var. glabrescens (Zohary) Boulos; Fl. Egypt 2: 71 (2000)
Distribution: Egypt; Israel; Sinai peninsula; Jordania; Saudi Arabia
20 EGY 34 ISR JOR SIN 35 SAU
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala edumea Zohary; Palestine J. Bot., Jerusalem Ser. 2: 166 (1941)
= Polygala negevensis Danin; Israel J. Bot. 36(2): 67 (1987)
= Polygala spinescens var. glabrescens Zohary; Palestine J. Bot., Jerusalem Ser. 1: 310 (1939)
species :
Polygala sinisica Arrigoni; Boll. Soc. Sarda Sci. Nat. 22: 259 (1983)
Distribution: Sardinia (Capo Mannu, coastal)
12 SAR
Conservation Status: IUCN CR, known only from few populations
species :
Polygala somaliensis Baker; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1895: 211 (1895)
Distribution: N-Somalia
24 SOM
species :
Polygala sophiae Kem.-Nath.; Notul. Syst. (Paris) Geogr. Inst. Bot. Tphilis., Fasc. 14, 30 (1948)
Distribution: Armenia
33 ARM
species :
Polygala sosnowskyi Kem.-Nath.; Notul. Syst. (Paris) Geogr. Inst. Bot. Tphilis., Fasc. 14, 31 (1948)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus (Daghestan); Georgia [Caucasus]; Azerbaijan
33 AZE GEO NCS
species :
Polygala sparsiflora Oliv.; Fl. Trop. Afr. 1: 127 (1868)
Distribution: Guinea; Sierra Leone; Ivory Coast; Ghana; Central African Republic; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; ?Rwanda; Burundi; Uganda; ?Tanzania; Malawi
22 GHA GUI IVO SIE 23 BUR CAF ZAI 25 UGA 26 MLW
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala djalonis A.Chev.; Explor. Bot. Afrique Occ. Franc. 1: 40 (1920), nomen
variant :
var. ukirensis (Gürke) Paiva; Fontqueria 50: 207 (1998)
Distribution: Zambia
26 ZAM
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala ukirensis Gürke; Bot. Jahrb. 14: 310 (1892)
species :
Polygala sphaerocephala Chodat; Beibl. Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 115: 80 (1914)
Distribution: Mexico (Michoacán)
79 MEX
Remarks: status uncertain, belongs likely as a synonym into Senega
species :
Polygala sphenoptera Fresen.; Mus. Senckenb. 2: 274 (1837)
Distribution: SE-D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Rwanda; Burundi; South Sudan; Ethiopia; Eritrea; Somalia; Uganda; Kenya; ?Tanzania; Zanzibar; Angola; Zambia; Malawi; Zimbabwe; Mozambique; Botswana; South Africa (Limpopo, Gauteng, Mpulamanga, KwaZulu-Natal); Eswatini [Swaziland]; Yemen (Aden Desert, W-Yemen)
23 BUR RWA ZAI 24 ERI ETH SOM SSU 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 ANG MLW MOZ ZAM ZIM 27 BOT SAF SWZ 35 YEM
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala aethiopica Chodat; Mem. Soc. Phys. Hist. Nat. Geneve 31: 330 (1893)
= Polygala ellenbeckii Gürke ex Chodat; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 48: 314 (1912)
= Polygala filifera Chodat; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 48: 315 (1912)
= Polygala gagnebiniana Chodat; Mem. Soc. Phys. Geneve 31: n. 2 321 (1893)
= Polygala quartiniana Dillon & A.Rich.; A. Rich., Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. ser. 2, 14: 263 (1840)
= Polygala quartiniana var. minor Chodat; Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 31(2: 2): 328 (1893)
= Polygala ruderalis Chodat; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 48: 315 (1912)
= Polygala sphenoptera var. minor (Chodat) Chiov.; Miss. Biol. Borana, Racc. Bot., Angiosp.-Gymnosp.: 97 (1939)
= Polygala stuhlmannii Gürke; Engl., Pflanzenw. Ost-Afrikas, C: 234 (1895)
= Polygala tristis Chodat; Bull. Herb. Boissier 4: 903 (1896)
= Polygala ukambica Chodat; Mem. Soc Phys. Geneve 31: n. 2 329 (1893)
= Polygala ukambica f. angustifolia Chodat; Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 31(2: 2): 330 (1893)
= Polygala ukambica f. condensata Chodat; Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 31(2: 2): 330 (1893)
= Polygala ukambica var. transvaalensis Chodat; Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 31(2: 2): 329 (1893)
species :
Polygala stenocarpa S.F.Blake; Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 20: 528 (1924)
Distribution: Venezuela (Carabobo)
82 VEN
Remarks: status uncertain, belongs likely as a synonym into Senega
species :
Polygala stenoclada Benth.; Fl. Austral. 1: 141 (1863)
Distribution: Australia (Queensland, Northern Territory)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala stenoclada var. clementii Domin; Biblioth. Bot. 22(89): 859 (1927)
species :
Polygala stenopetala Klotzsch; Peters, Reise Mossamb. Bot. 114 (1861)
subspecies :
subsp. stenopetala
Distribution: Tanzania; Zambia; Malawi; Mozambique
25 TAN 26 MLW MOZ ZAM
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala asperifolia Chodat; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 48: 323 (1912)
= Polygala viminalis f. brachyptera Chodat; Fries, Wiss. Erg. Schwed. Rhodesia-Kongo-Exp. 1911-1912 1: 114 (1914)
= Polygala viminalis Gürke; Engl. Pflanzenw. Ost-Afr. C 234 (1895)
subspecies :
subsp. casuarina (Chodat) Paiva; Fontqueria 50: 220 (1998)
Distribution: Angola
26 ANG
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala viminalis var. casuarina Chodat; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 48: 322 (1912)
species :
Polygala stenosepala (Benth.) R.A.Kerrigan; Austral. Syst. Bot. 25(2): 127 (2012)
Distribution: Australia (Western Australia, Northern Territory)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala arvensis var. stenosepala Benth.; Fl. Austral. 1: 141 (1863)
= Polygala chinensis var. stenosepala (Benth.) Domin; Biblioth. Bot. 22(89): 857 (1927)
= Polygala stenoclada var. stenosepala Benth.; Fl. Austral. 1: 141 (1863)
species :
Polygala steudneri Chodat; Mem. Soc. Phys. Geneve 31: n. 2 390 (1893)
Distribution: Ethiopia; Uganda; ?Kenya; ?Tanzania; Yemen
24 ETH 25 UGA 35 YEM
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala negrii Chiov.; Ann. Bot., Rona 9: 315 (1911)
species :
Polygala stocksiana Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 2, 1: 59 (1854)
Distribution: Armenia; Turkey; Afghanistan (Kabul, Paktia / Khost); ?Pakistan
33 ARM 34 AFG TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala hohenackeriana var. stocksiana (Boiss.) Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 1: 472 (1867)
species :
Polygala suanica Tamamsch.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 39: 328 (1936)
Distribution: Georgia [Caucasus]
33 GEO
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Polygala subdioica H.Perrier; Bull. Acad. Malgache, no. s. 14: 18 (1931 publ. 1932)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
species :
Polygala subopposita S.K.Chen; Acta Bot. Yunnan. 2(1): 85-86, f. 4: 10-20 (1980)
Distribution: China (Guizhou, ?Sichuan, Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Polygala subulata S.Watson; Proc. Calif. Acad. Wiss. 26: 132 (1891)
Distribution: Mexico (Nuevo Leon)
79 MEX
Remarks: status uncertain, belongs likely as a synonym into Senega
species :
Polygala subuniflora Boiss. & Heldr.; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 2, 1: 59 (1854)
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
species :
Polygala succulenta R.A.Kerrigan; Austral. Syst. Bot. 25(2): 128 (2012)
Distribution: Australia (Northern Territory)
50 AUS
variant :
var. congesta R.A.Kerrigan; Austral. Syst. Bot. 25(2): 129 (2012)
Distribution: Australia (Northern Territory, Western Australia)
50 AUS
species :
Polygala supina Schreb.; Icon. Descr. Pl.: 19 (1766)
subspecies :
subsp. supina
Distribution: Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Crimea; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; ?Azerbaijan; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia); Lebanon (C-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains)
13 ALB BIH BUL KOS MNT ROM SRB TUE 14 KRY 33 ARM GEO NCS 34 LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala andrachnoides Willd.; Sp. Pl. 3: 875 (1802) (nom. illeg.)
= Polygala bosniaca Murb.; Lunds Univ. Arsskrift 27: 5: 165 (1892)
= Polygala gundelsheimeri K.Koch; Lirnaea 19: 59 (1847)
= Polygala hospita subsp. bosniaca (Murb.) Chrtek & Krísa; Preslia 48(4): 303 (1976)
= Polygala murbeckii Degen ex Hand.-Mazz., Stadlm., Janch. & Faltis; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 56: 29 (1906)
= Polygala recurvata Celak.; Oesterr. Bot. Zeitschr. 22: 109 (1872)
= Polygala schreberi Pall. ex Georgi; Beschr. Nation. Russ. Reich, Nachtr.: 294 (1802)
= Polygala supina f. alba Sigunov; Glasn. Prir. Muz. Beogradu, C 8: 18 (1975)
= Polygala supina subsp. bosniaca Murb.; Acta Univ. Lund. 27(5): 163 (1891)
= Polygala supina subsp. murbeckii (Degen ex Hand.-Mazz., Stadlm., Janch. & Faltis) P.Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 7: 321 (1916)
= Polygala telephioides Boiss. & Balansa; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 2, 5: 49 (1856), nom. illeg.
= Polygala vulgaris var. andrachnoides (Willd.) Regel; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 34(II): 511 (1862)
subspecies :
subsp. hospita (Heuff.) McNeill; Feddes Repert. 79: 30 (1968)
Distribution: Bulgaria
13 BUL
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala hospita Heuff.; Flora (Regensburg) 36: 620 (1853)
= Polygala hospita var. achtarovii Kozuharov & A.V.Petrova; Fl. Nar. Republ. Bulgariya 7: 492 (1979)
= Polygala hospita var. celakovskyana (K.Malý) Kozuharov & A.V.Petrova; Fl. Nar. Republ. Bulgariya 7: 196 (1979)
= Polygala hospita var. moesiaca Kozuharov & A.V.Petrova; Fl. Nar. Republ. Bulgariya 7: 492 (1979)
subspecies :
subsp. rhodopea (Velen.) McNeill; Feddes Repert. 79: 31 (1968)
Distribution: North Macedonia; Bulgaria; NE-Greece
13 BUL GRC NMA
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala hohenackeriana subsp. rhodopea (Velen.) Hayek; Rep. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 30(1): 593 (1925)
= Polygala hohenackeriana var. rhodopea Velen.; Sitzungsber. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss. Prag, Math.- Naturwiss. Cl. 1893(37): 13 (1893)
= Polygala rhodopea (Velen.) Janch.; Mitt. Naturwiss. Vereines Steiermark 51: 180 (1915)
species :
Polygala taiwanensis S.S.Ying; New Taxa New Names 4: 261 (2022)
Distribution: Taiwan
38 TAI
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Polygala tamamschaniae V.I.Dorof.; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 33: 271 (2001)
Distribution: S-European Russia; C-European Russia
14 RUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala alata (Tamamsch.) Galushko; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 13: 254 (1976)
= Polygala major var. alata Tamamsch.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 39: 324 (1936)
species :
Polygala tatarinowii Regel; Bull. S. Nat. Mosc. 34(2): 523 (1861)
Distribution: Russian Far East (Primorye); China (Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Yunnan, Zhejiang); Tibet; North Korea; South Korea; Japan (Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu); Taiwan; Pakistan (Rawalpindi); Nepal; Bhutan; India (Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Madhya Pradesh, Meghalaya, Punjab, Sikkim, Uttar Pradesh); N-Myanmar; Vietnam; Philippines (Luzon, Mindanao); New Guinea (Papua New Guinea)
31 RFE 36 CHI TIB 38 JAP KOR NKO TAI 40 BHU IND NEP PAK 41 MYA VIE 42 NWG PHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Heterosamara tatarinowii (Regel) Paiva; Fontqueria 50: 130 (1998)
= Polygala sieboldiana Miq.; Versl. en Med. Kon. Akad. Wetensch. II. 2: 85 (1868)
= Salomonia martini H.Lév.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 51: 290 (1904)
= Semeiocardium hamiltonii Hassk.; Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavum 1: 151 (1863)
species :
Polygala telephioides Willd.; Sp. Pl. 3: 876 (1802)
Distribution: India (Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Kerala); Sri Lanka; Myanmar; peninsular Malaysia
40 IND SRL 41 MYA 42 MLY
species :
Polygala tenella Willd.; Sp. Pl. 3: 878 (1802)
Name: Swamp milkwort, Plumerito (Cuba)
Distribution: USA (Florida, Louisiana, Mississippi, Texas); Mexico (Chiapas, Guerrero, Jalisco, Mexico State, Morelos, Oaxaca, Tabasco, Veracruz); Belize; Honduras; Nicaragua; Costa Rica; Panama; Cuba; Jamaica; Colombia (Magdalena, Tolima); Venezuela (Amazonas, Apure, Aragua, Bolívar, Cojedes, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Guarico, Merida, Portuguesa, Trujillo); Bolivia (Beni, La Paz, Santa Cruz); N-Brazil (Pará); WC-Brazil (Mato Grosso, Brasilia Distrito Federal, Mato Grosso do Sul); NE-Brazil (Rio Grande do Norte, Paraíba, Pernambuco, Bahia, Alagoas, Sergipe); SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais, Espirito Santo, Sao Paulo, Rio de Janeiro); S-Brazil (Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina); Paraguay (Alto Paraná, Amambay, Central, Concepcion, Cordillera, Guaira, Misiones, Paraguari, San Pedro); Uruguay (Canelones, Maldonado, Montevideo, Rivera, San Jose, Tacuarembo); Argentina (Chaco, Corrientes, Entre Rios, Formosa, Misiones)
77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX 80 BLZ COS HON NIC PAN 81 CUB JAM 82 CLM VEN 83 BOL 84 BRA 85 ARG PAR URU
Remarks: status uncertain, belongs likely into Senega
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala alopecurus Chodat; Mem. Soc. Phys. Geneve. 31: n. 2. 227 (1893)
= Polygala funkii Chodat; Mem. Soc. Phys. Geneve 31: n. 2 224 (1893)
= Polygala leptocaulis Torr. & A.Gray; Fl. N. Am. 1: 130, preocc. (1838)
= Polygala leptocaulis var. glochidiata (Chodat) Marques; Rodriguésia 31(48): 233 (1979)
= Polygala macerrima S.F.Blake; Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 43: 5 (1930)
= Polygala pringlei S.Watson; Proc. Am. Acad. 25: 142 (1890)
= Polygala stenocaulon Grondona; Darwiniana 9: 26 (1949)
species :
Polygala tenuicaulis Hook.f.; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 7: 182 (1864)
Distribution: SE-Nigeria; SW-Cameroon; Bioko Isl. [Fernando Poo]
22 NGA 23 BIO CMN
Conservation Status: IUCN VU (Cameroon)
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala donii Hook.f.; Hook. Niger Fl. 222 (1849)
variant :
var. tayloriana Paiva; Fontqueria 50: 207 (1998)
Distribution: Cameroon
23 CMN
Conservation Status: IUCN VU (Cameroon)
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala pleioclada Chodat; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 48: 317 (1912)
species :
Polygala tenuifolia Willd.; Sp. Pl. 3: 879 (1802)
Distribution: Siberia (Altai, Buryatia, Chita, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva, W-Siberia); Russian Far East (Amur, Khabarovsk, Primorye); China (Gansu, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Sichuan); Mongolia; North Korea; South Korea
30 SIB 31 RFE 36 CHI 37 MON 38 KOR NKO
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala sibirica f. tenuifolia (Willd.) Regel; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 34(II): 521 (1862)
= Polygala sibirica var. angustifolia Ledeb.; Fl. Ross. 1: 269 (1842)
= Polygala sibirica var. tenuifolia (Willd.) Backer & Moore; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 17: 379 (1879)
= Polygala sibirica var. tenuifolia (Willd.) Chodat; Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 31(2): 348 (1893), isonym
species :
Polygala tepperi F.Muell.; Vict. Natural. 7: 38 (1890), et in Bot. Centralbl. 43: 276 (1890)
Distribution: Australia (Western Australia, Northern Territory)
50 AUS
species :
Polygala teretifolia L.f.; Suppl. 316 (1782)
Distribution: Mozambique; Namibia; South Africa (N-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov.)
26 MOZ 27 NAM SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala eckloniana C.Presl; Bot. Bemerk. 15 (1845)
= Polygala empetrifolia Houtt.; Nat. Hist. 2(5): 433 (1775)
species :
Polygala thunbergii DC.; Prodr. 1: 333 (1824)
Distribution: South Africa (W-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala microphylla Thunb.; Prodr. Pl. Cap.: 121 (1800), nom. illeg.
species :
Polygala tinctoria Vahl; Symb. Bot. 1: 50 (1790)
Distribution: ?Somalia; Saudi Arabia (Asir); Yemen (Aden Desert, W-Yemen)
35 SAU YEM
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala bracteolata Forssk.; Fl. Aeg.-Arab. 213 (1775) non L. (1753)
species :
Polygala tisserantii Jacq.-Fél.; Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 99: 66 (1952), in clavi.
Distribution: Central African Republic
23 CAF
Remarks: only known from type
species :
Polygala tocantinensis J.F.B.Pastore & Antar; Eur. J. Taxon. 762: 137 (2021)
Distribution: Brazil (Tocantins)
84 BRA
Remarks: status uncertain, belongs likely into Senega
species :
Polygala tonkinensis Chodat; Mem. Soc. Phys. Geneve 31: n. 2 97 (1893)
Distribution: Laos; Vietnam
41 LAO VIE
species :
Polygala torrei Exell; Bol. Soc. Brot., Ser. 2, 31: 6 (1957)
Distribution: S-Mozambique
26 MOZ
Remarks: only known from type collected in 1941
species :
Polygala transcaucasica Tamamsch.; Feddes Repert. 39: 325 (1935-36)
Distribution: Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Turkey (E-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia)
33 ARM GEO 34 TUR
species :
Polygala transvaalensis Chodat; Mem. Soc. Phys. Geneve 31: n. 2 374 (1893)
subspecies :
subsp. transvaalensis
Distribution: Rwanda; ?Burundi; Uganda; Zimbabwe; South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, E-Cape Prov.); Lesotho; Eswatini [Swaziland]
23 RWA 25 UGA 26 ZIM 27 LES SAF SWZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala abbreviata Markötter; Ann. Univ. Stellenb. 8: Sect. A, No. 1, 28 (1930)
subspecies :
subsp. kagerensis (Lebrun & Taton) Paiva; Fontqueria 50: 246 (1998)
Distribution: trop. Africa; D.R.Congo [Zaire]
23 ZAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala kagerensis Lebrun & Taton; Expl. Parc Nat. Kagera, Miss. J. Lebrun 1937-38, Fasc. 1, 81 (1948)
species :
Polygala tricholopha Chodat; Mem. Soc. Phys. Geneve 31(2): 89, t. 17, f. 20 (1893)
Distribution: China (?Guangxi, Hainan, SW-Yunnan); Bhutan; India (Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Sikkim, West Bengal); Myanmar; Thailand; Laos; Vietnam; peninsular Malaysia; Sumatra
36 CHI 40 BHU IND 41 LAO MYA THA VIE 42 MLY SUM
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala laotica Gagnep.; Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 56: 21 (1909)
species :
Polygala trichoptera Chodat; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 52: Beibl. 74 (1914)
Distribution: Guatemala
80 GUA
Remarks: status uncertain, belongs likely as a synonym into Senega
species :
Polygala triflora L.; Sp. Pl. 705 (1753)
Distribution: Sri Lanka; Thailand; Cambodia; Sumatra; Borneo; Sulawesi; Palawan; Philippines (Luzon, Mindanao); Moluccas (Ternate); New Guinea (Papua New Guinea); Australia (South Australia, Queensland, New South Wales)
40 SRL 41 CBD THA 42 BOR MOL NWG PHI PLW SUL SUM 50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala chinensis var. dissitiflora Domin; Bibl. Bot. (1927 publ. 1928)
= Polygala chinensis var. triflora (L.) A.W.Benn.; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 204 (1872)
= Polygala glaucoides var. triflora (L.) Trimen; Handb. Fl. Ceylon 1: 81 (1893)
= Polygala heterophylla Scheele; Linnaea 17: 336 (1844)
= Polygala kleinii Hassk.; Miq. Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd. Bat. 1: 158 (1864)
= Polygala prostrata Willd.; Sp. Pl., ed. 4 (Willd.) 3(2): 896 (1802)
species :
Polygala triquetra C.Presl; Bot. Bemerk. 15 (1845)
Distribution: South Africa (W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala refracta var. steudeliana (Eckl. & Zeyh.) Harv.; Harv. et al., Fl. Cap. 1: 89 (1860)
= Polygala steudeliana Eckl. & Zeyh.; Enum. Pl. Afric. Austral.: 23 (1835)
species :
Polygala turcica Dönmez & Ugurlu; Willdenowia 45(3): 430 (2015)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Polygala turgida Rose; Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 10: 123 (1906)
Distribution: Mexico (Coahuila, Nuevo Leon, San Luis Potosi)
79 MEX
Remarks: status uncertain, belongs likely as a synonym into Senega
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala alba var. alcalina Chodat; Bull. Herb. Boissier 3: 122 (1895)
species :
Polygala umbellata L.; Mant. Pl. 2: 259 (1771)
Distribution: South Africa (W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala ciliatifolia Turcz.; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 27(II): 347 (1854 publ. 1855)
= Polygala ciliatifolia var. mundtiana Chodat; Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 31(2: 2): 428 (1893)
= Polygala ciliolata Harv.; Harv. & Sond. Fl. Cap. 1: 87 (1860)
= Polygala macra DC.; Prodr. 1: 323 (1824)
= Polygala macra Eckl. & Zeyh.; Enum. Pl. Afric. Austral. 22 (1834-35)
= Polygala pungens Drège; Zwei Pfl. Docum. 212 (1843), nomen
= Polygala umbellata Thunb.; Prod. Pl. Cap. 120 (1800), nom. illeg.
species :
Polygala umbonata Craib; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1916(10): 260-261 (1916)
Distribution: China (S-Yunnan); India (Nagaland); Myanmar; Thailand; Laos; Cambodia
36 CHI 40 IND 41 CBD LAO MYA THA
Synonyms: hidden
= Heterosamara umbonata (Craib) Paiva; Fontqueria 50: 136 (1998)
species :
Polygala uncinata E.Mey. ex Meisn.; Hook. Lond. J. Bot. 1: 468 (1842)
Distribution: Zimbabwe; Mozambique; Namibia; South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, N-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Lesotho; Eswatini [Swaziland]
26 MOZ ZIM 27 LES NAM SAF SWZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala hamata Burtt Davy; Man. Fl. Pl. & Ferns, Pt. 1, 48, 133. 135 (1926)
= Polygala latipetala N.E.Br.; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1906, 98 (1906)
= Polygala rehmannii var. latipetala (N.E.Br.) Norl.; Bot. Not. 1935: 362 (1935)
= Polygala tenuifolia var. uncinata (E.Mey. ex Meisn.) Harv.; Harv. et al., Fl. Cap. 1: 88 (1860)
species :
Polygala urartu Tamamsch.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 39: 322 (1936)
Distribution: Armenia
33 ARM
species :
Polygala usafuensis Gürke; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 30: 337 (1901)
Distribution: Central African Republic; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Rwanda; ?Burundi; Uganda; Tanzania; Angola; Zambia; Malawi; Mozambique
23 CAF RWA ZAI 25 TAN UGA 26 ANG MLW MOZ ZAM
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala heliostigma Chodat; Bull. Soc. Bot. Genève 1913, Ser. II. v. 190 (1913)
= Polygala riparia Chodat; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 48, Beibl. 317 (1912)
= Polygala tanganyikensis Troupin; Bull. Jard. Bot. État Bruxelles 19: 208 (1948)
= Polygala verdickii Gürke ex De Wild.; Ann. Mus. Congo Belge, Bot. sér. 4 (1(3)): 205 (1903)
species :
Polygala validiflora R.A.Kerrigan; Austral. Syst. Bot. 25(2): 131 (2012)
Distribution: Australia (Northern Territory)
50 AUS
species :
Polygala vatkeana Exell; J. Bot. 70: 184 (1932)
Distribution: E-D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Rwanda; Burundi; Ethiopia; Uganda; ?Kenya; ?Tanzania
23 BUR RWA ZAI 24 ETH 25 UGA
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala schimperi Vatke ex Engl.; Abhandl. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. 1891 (1892) 281. nomen, Chodat in Mem. Soc. Phys. Geneve 31: n. 2 349 (1893)
species :
Polygala velata S.F.Blake; Contrib. Gray Herb n. s. 47: 41 (1916)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Guerrero, Oaxaca)
79 MEX
Remarks: status uncertain, belongs likely as a synonym into Senega
species :
Polygala venenosa Juss. ex Poir.; Encyc. 5: 493 (1804)
Distribution: peninsular Thailand; peninsular Malaysia; Sumatra; Borneo; Brunei; Philippines; Java
41 THA 42 BOR BRN JAW MLY PHI SUM
Synonyms: hidden
= Badiera pulchra (Hassk.) Hassk.; Cat. Pl. Hort. Bogor. Alt. 227 (1844)
= Badiera venenosa (Juss. ex Poir.) Hassk.; Cat. Hort. Bot. Bogor. Alt.: 227 (1844)
= Chamaebuxus pulchra (Hassk.) Hassk.; Pl. Jav. Rar.: 294 (1848)
= Chamaebuxus venenosa (Juss. ex Poir.) Hassk.; Pl. Jav. Rar.: 294 (1848)
= Chamaebuxus venenosa subvar. elliptica Miq.; Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 1: 154 (1863)
= Chamaebuxus venenosa subvar. minor Miq.; Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 1: 154 (1863)
= Chamaebuxus venenosa subvar. obovata Miq.; Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 1: 154 (1863)
= Chamaebuxus venenosa var. aptera Miq.; Pl. Jungh. 1: 26 (1851)
= Chamaebuxus venenosa var. gracilis Miq.; Pl. Jungh. 1: 26 (1851)
= Chamaebuxus venenosa var. robusta Miq.; Pl. Jungh. 1: 26 (1851)
= Polygala pulchra Chodat; Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 31(2: 2): 100 (1893), nom. illeg.
= Polygala pulchra Hassk.; Flora 25(2, Beibl. 1): 32 (1842)
= Polygala simassan Miq.; Fl. Ned. Ind., Eerste Bijv. 3: 392 (1861)
= Polygala venenosa subsp. pulchra (Hassk.) Steenis; Hamzah & Toha. Mt. Fl. Java: sub t. 41 (1972)
= Polygala venenosa var. eramosa Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 45 (1891)
= Polygala venenosa var. robusta (Miq.) Craib; Fl. Siam. 1: 104 (1931)
species :
Polygala venulosa Sm.; Fl. Graec. Prodr. 2: 52 (1813)
Name: Geäderte Kreuzblümchen (DE); Veiny Milkwort (EN)
Distribution: Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Cyprus (C-Mountains, S-Cyprus, N-Cyprus)
13 GRC KRI 34 CYP EAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala adscendens E.D.Clarke; Travels Eur. Asia & Africa 3: 337 (1813)
species :
Polygala vilcabambae B.Eriksen & Stahl; Fl. Ecuador 65: 21 (2000)
Distribution: Ecuador
83 ECU
Remarks: status uncertain, belongs likely as a synonym into Senega
species :
Polygala virgata Thunb.; Prod. Pl. Cap. 120 (1800)
Distribution: South Africa (Limpopo, Gauteng, Mpulamanga, Free State, N-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Eswatini [Swaziland]; Madagascar [I]; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I]); New Zealand [I]
27 SAF SWZ 29 mdg 50 aus 51 nzl
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala cernua Thunb.; Prod. Pl. Cap. 120 (1800)
= Polygala genistoides Poir.; Encyc. 5: 492 (1804)
= Polygala genistoides var. spartioides Burch. ex DC.; Prodr. 1: 323 (1824)
= Polygala genistopsis Chodat; Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 31(2: 2): 405 (1893)
= Polygala ligularis Spreng. ex Eckl. & Zeyh.; Enum. Pl. Afric. Austral. 19 (1834-35)
= Polygala longifolia C.Presl; Bot. Bemerk. 15 (1845)
= Polygala macra E.Mey.; Drège, Zwei Pfl. Docum. 212 (1843)
= Polygala spartioides (Burch. ex DC.) Eckl. & Zeyh.; Enum. Pl. Afric. Austral.: 20 (1835)
= Polygala sprengeliana Eckl. & Zeyh.; Enum. Pl. Afric. Austral.: 19 (1835)
= Polygala virgata var. cernua (Thunb.) Chodat; Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 31(2: 2): 404 (1893)
= Polygala virgata var. genistoides (Poir.) Harv.; Harv. et al., Fl. Cap. 1: 85 (1860)
= Polygala virgata var. intermedia Harv.; Harv. et al., Fl. Cap. 1: 85 (1860)
= Polygala virgata var. sprengeliana (Eckl. & Zeyh.) Harv.; Harv. et al., Fl. Cap. 1: 85 (1860)
variant :
var. decora (Sond.) Harv.; Fl. Cap. 1: 85 (1860)
Distribution: SE-D.R.Congo [Zaire]; ?Tanzania; Zambia; Malawi; Zimbabwe; Mozambique; Namibia; South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Lesotho; Eswatini [Swaziland]; Mauritius [I]; La Réunion [I]
23 ZAI 26 MLW MOZ ZAM ZIM 27 LES NAM SAF SWZ 29 mau reu
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala decora Sond.; Linnaea 23: 14 (1850)
= Polygala ourolopha Chodat; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 48: 331 (1912)
= Polygala simplex Burch. ex DC.; Prodr. 1: 322 (1824)
variant :
var. speciosa (Sims) Harv.; Fl. Cap. 1: 85 (1860)
Distribution: South Africa (W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala speciosa Sims; Bot. Mag.: tab. 1780 (1816)
= Psychanthus speciosus (Sims) Spach; Hist. Nat. Vég. 7: 138 (1838)
species :
Polygala vittata Paiva; Fontqueria 50: 183 (1998)
Distribution: Kenya
25 KEN
Remarks: only known from type collected in 1949
species :
Polygala vulgaris L.; Sp. Pl.: 702 (1753), nom. cons.
subspecies :
subsp. vulgaris
Name: Gewöhnliches Kreuzblümchen (DE), Common milkwort (EN)
Distribution: Faeroe Isl.; England; Ireland; Denmark; Norway; Sweden; Finland; Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; Andorra; Baleares; France; Channel Isl.; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; ?Sicily; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Romania; European Turkey; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; C-European Russia; N-European Russia; W-European Russia; Ukraine; Turkey (E-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia); Australia [I] (Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); New Zealand [I]; USA [I] (Michigan [I], Oregon [I])
10 DEN FIN FOR GRB IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 ADO BAL CIS COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH CRO ITA KOS MNT NMA ROM SLV SRB TUE 14 BLR EST LAT LIT RUS UKR 34 TUR 50 aus 51 nzl 73 usa 75 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala amara subsp. angustifolia Lange ex Gand.; Nov. Consp. Fl. Eur.: 61 (1910)
= Polygala amaurocarpa Timb.-Lagr. & Baillet; Rev. Bot. Bull. Mens. 10: 88 (1892)
= Polygala angustifolia Gilib.; Fl. Lit. Inch. 2: 113 (1782), opus utique oppr.
= Polygala aquitanica Clavaud; Ann. Soc. L. Bord. 35: 362, t. 15, f. 5 (1881)
= Polygala babingtonii Druce; Rep. Bot. Exch. Club Soc. Brit. Isles 3: 12 (1911 publ. 1912)
= Polygala ballii Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. Fl. Eur. 1: 83 (1878)
= Polygala basaltica Lamotte; Prod. Fl. Centr. Fr. 1: 125 (1855)
= Polygala calliptera (Legrand) A.W.Hill; Index Kew., Suppl. 6: 161 (1926)
= Polygala coerulea Miégev. ex Rchb.; Pl. Crit. 1: 25 (1823)
= Polygala corsica Gremli; Neue Beitr. Fl. Schweiz 3: 4 (1883), nom. illeg.
= Polygala densiuscula (Rouy & Foucaud) A.W.Hill; Index Kew., Suppl. 6: 161 (1926)
= Polygala intermedia Eichw.; Skizze: 174 (1830), nom. illeg.
= Polygala involutiflora Lamotte; Prodr. Fl. Plat. Centr. 1: 126 (1876)
= Polygala lensei Boreau; Mem. Soc. Acad. Maine-et-Loire 14: 42 (1863)
= Polygala lusitanica Welw. ex Chodat; Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 31(2: 2): 441 (1893)
= Polygala michaletii Gren.; Mém. Soc. Émul. Doubs, sér. 4, 9: 395 (1875)
= Polygala monspeliaca All.; Fl. Pedem. 2: 301 (1785), nom. illeg.
= Polygala montana Opiz; Flora 5: 270 (1822)
= Polygala moriana Brittinger; Flora 9: 729 (1826)
= Polygala oberthueri Sennen; Diagn. Nouv.: 8 (1936)
= Polygala oberthuerii var. renati Sennen; Exsicc. (Pl. Esp.) 1928: no. 6520 (1929)
= Polygala parviflora Rchb.f. ex Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 83 (1878), nomen
= Polygala pedemontana var. guarensis Pau ex Chodat; Bol. Soc. Aragonesa Ci. Nat. 12: 164 (1913)
= Polygala polymorpha K.F.Schimp. & Spenn.; Spenn., Fl. Frib. 3: 865 (1829), nom. illeg.
= Polygala polymorpha var. vulgaris (L.) K.F.Schimp. & Spenn.; Spenn., 865 (1829)
= Polygala reticulata J.Presl & C.Presl; Delic. Prag.: 228 (1822)
= Polygala spuria Steven ex Ledeb.; Fl. Ross. 1: 271 (1842)
= Polygala stojanovii Stef.; Izv. Bulg. Bot. Druzh. 3: 80 (1929)
= Polygala transsilvanica Schur; Enum. Pl. Trans. 90 (1866)
= Polygala vaillantii Besser; Enum. Pl. Volh. 73 (1822) (vailliantii)
= Polygala verviana Lej.; Fl. Spa 2: 92 (1813)
= Polygala vulgaris f. angustifolia Tosco ex Ariello, Bellia & Della Beffa; Rea 11: 10 (1981-1987 publ. 1988), nom. illeg.
= Polygala vulgaris f. annua Caball.; Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 5: 507 (1945)
= Polygala vulgaris f. latifolia Tosco ex Ariello, Bellia & Della Beffa; Rea 11: 10 (1981-1987 publ. 1988)
= Polygala vulgaris f. major (W.D.J.Koch) C.W.Christ.; J. A. Christ. & al., 139 (1922)
= Polygala vulgaris f. parviflora Podp.; 28 (1922)
= Polygala vulgaris lusus suberecta Regel; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 34(II): 513 (1862)
= Polygala vulgaris proles angustifolia (Lange ex Gand.) P.Graebn.; Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 7: 366 (1916), nom. illeg.
= Polygala vulgaris proles densiuscula Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France 3: 64 (1896)
= Polygala vulgaris proles involutiflora (Lamotte) Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France 3: 67 (1896)
= Polygala vulgaris proles lensaei (Boreau) Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France 3: 67 (1896)
= Polygala vulgaris proles pseudoalpestris (Gren.) Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France 3: 64 (1896)
= Polygala vulgaris proles saltelis Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France 3: 64 (1896)
= Polygala vulgaris subsp. angustifolia Lange; Pug. Pl. Hispan. 4: 122 (1866), nom. illeg.
= Polygala vulgaris subsp. involutiflora (Lamotte) P.Fourn.; Fl. Compl. Plaine Franç.: 42 (1928)
= Polygala vulgaris subsp. lensaei (Boreau.) P.Fourn.; Fl. Compl. Plaine Franç.: 42 (1928)
= Polygala vulgaris subsp. litigiosa Berher; Louis, Fl. Vosges, éd. 2: 50 (1887)
= Polygala vulgaris subsp. renati (Sennen) Sennen; Diagn. Nouv.: 8 (1936), nom. alt.
= Polygala vulgaris subf. elongata (Pers.) Hegi; 102 (1924)
= Polygala vulgaris subf. montana (Opiz) Hegi; 102 (1924)
= Polygala vulgaris subvar. albida Chodat; Bull. Trav. Soc. Bot. Genève 5: 135 (1889)
= Polygala vulgaris subvar. alpigena Chodat; Bull. Trav. Soc. Bot. Genève 5: 135 (1889)
= Polygala vulgaris subvar. brachybracteata Chodat; Bull. Trav. Soc. Bot. Genève 5: 139 (1889)
= Polygala vulgaris subvar. montana (Opiz) Domin; 252 (1930)
= Polygala vulgaris subvar. nudicaulis Chodat; Bull. Trav. Soc. Bot. Genève 5: 135 (1889)
= Polygala vulgaris var. achaetes Döll; 692 (1843)
= Polygala vulgaris var. alba Gillot; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 27: XXXVII (1881), nomen
= Polygala vulgaris var. albiflora Murr; 4 (1894), nom. inval.
= Polygala vulgaris var. alpestris W.D.J.Koch; Röhling, Deutschl. Fl., ed. 3, 5: 71 (1839)
= Polygala vulgaris var. alpestris W.D.J.Koch ex Gren.; 195 (1847)
= Polygala vulgaris var. angustifolia DC.; Lam. & A. DC., Fl. Franç., éd. 3 6: 386 (1815)
= Polygala vulgaris var. carnea H.Mart.; 123 (1817)
= Polygala vulgaris var. coerulea A.F.Schwarz; 106 (1897)
= Polygala vulgaris var. elata DC.; Lam. & A. DC., Fl. Franç., éd. 3 6: 386 (1815)
= Polygala vulgaris var. elongata Pers.; 271 (1806)
= Polygala vulgaris var. floribunda Chodat; Bull. Trav. Soc. Bot. Genève 5: 134 (1889)
= Polygala vulgaris var. grandiflora DC.; Lam. & A. DC., Fl. Franç., éd. 3 6: 386 (1815)
= Polygala vulgaris var. hispanica Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 10: 371 (1964), nomen
= Polygala vulgaris var. involutiflora (Lamotte) P.Fourn.; Quatre Fl. France: 635 (1937)
= Polygala vulgaris var. latifolia Wender.; 241 (1831), nom. inval.
= Polygala vulgaris var. lensaei (Boreau) P.Fourn.; Quatre Fl. France: 635 (1937)
= Polygala vulgaris var. lusitana Welw. ex Lange; Pug. Pl. Hispan. 4: 121 (1866), nomen
= Polygala vulgaris var. lusitanica Cout.; Bol. Soc. Brot. 10: 71, 73 (1892)
= Polygala vulgaris var. major Schumach.; 208 (1801), nom. inval.
= Polygala vulgaris var. major W.D.J.Koch; Röhling, Deutschl. Fl., ed. 3, 5: 71 (1839)
= Polygala vulgaris var. major Wender.; 241 (1831), nom. inval.
= Polygala vulgaris var. muscicola Wimm. & Grab.; Fl. Siles. 2(2): 23 (1829)
= Polygala vulgaris var. obliqua Wimm. & Grab.; Fl. Siles. 2(2): 23 (1829)
= Polygala vulgaris var. obtusifolia DC.; Lam. & A. DC., Fl. Franç., éd. 3 6: 386 (1815)
= Polygala vulgaris var. pubescens Gill. & Magne; 269 (1863)
= Polygala vulgaris var. renati (Sennen) Sennen; Diagn. Nouv.: 54 (1936)
= Polygala vulgaris var. rosea A.F.Schwarz; 106 (1897)
= Polygala vulgaris var. vestita Gren. & Godr.; Fl. France Corse 1: 195 (1848)
subspecies :
subsp. calliptera (Le Grand) P.Fourn.; Fl. Compl. Plaine Franç.: 41 (1928)
Name: Schönflügliges Kreuzblümchen (DE)
Distribution: France
12 FRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala calliptera (Le Grand) Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France 3: 63 (1896)
= Polygala vulgaris f. calliptera (Legrand) Paol.; Fiori et al., Fl. Anal. Italia 2: 209 (1901)
= Polygala vulgaris proles calliptera (Legrand) Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France 3: 63 (1896)
= Polygala vulgaris subsp. calliptera (Legrand) Gand.; Nov. Consp. Fl. Eur.: 61 (1910), as ´caliptera´
= Polygala vulgaris subvar. calliptera (Legrand) Litard.; Briq., Prodr. Fl. Corse 2(2): 57 (1935)
= Polygala vulgaris var. calliptera Legrand; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 28: 54 (1881), as ´caliptera´
subspecies :
subsp. collina (Rchb.) Borbás; W. D. J. Koch, Syn. Deut. Schweiz. Fl. ed. 3, 1: 249 (1892)
Name: Hügel-Kreuzblümchen (DE)
Distribution: Germany (Baden-Württemberg, Hessen, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, RP? Schleswig-Holstein); France; Channel Isl.
11 GER 12 CIS FRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala blepharophylla Borbás; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 40: 177 (1890)
= Polygala ciliata Lebel ex Gren. & Godr.; Fl. France Corse 1: 195 (1847), nom. illeg., non L.
= Polygala collina var. littoralis (Lange ex Chodat) Borbás; Syn. Deut. Schweiz. Fl., ed. 3, 1: 250 (1890)
= Polygala dunensis Dumort.; Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belgique 7: 344 (1868)
= Polygala dunensis var. ciliata (Lebel ex Syme) Corb.; Bull. Soc. Bot. Rochelaise 12: 31 (1891)
= Polygala oxyptera f. ciliata (Lebel ex Syme) Paol.; Fiori et al., Fl. Anal. Italia 2: 229 (1901)
= Polygala oxyptera var. ciliata (Lebel ex Syme) Gren.; Fl. Jurass. 1: 99 (1865)
= Polygala oxyptera var. collina Rchb.; Iconogr. Bot. Pl. Crit. 1: 25 (1823)
= Polygala serpyllacea subsp. ciliata (Lebel ex Syme) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 83 (1878)
= Polygala subcollina Landolt; Fl. Indicativa 269 (2010)
= Polygala vulgaris f. ciliata (Syme) Hegi; 103 (1924)
= Polygala vulgaris f. ciliata Legrand; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 30: 68 (1883), nom. illeg.
= Polygala vulgaris f. collina (Rchb.) Vollm.; 500 (1914)
= Polygala vulgaris f. dunensis (Dumort.) Paol.; Fiori et al., Fl. Anal. Italia 2: 229 (1901)
= Polygala vulgaris f. littoralis (Lange ex Chodat) Chodat; Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 31: 450 (1893)
= Polygala vulgaris f. oxyptera (Rchb.) Paol.; Fiori et al., Fl. Anal. Italia 2: 229 (1901)
= Polygala vulgaris proles dunensis (Dumort.) Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France 3: 66 (1896)
= Polygala vulgaris subsp. dunensis (Dumort.) Corb.; Nouv. Fl. Normandie: 84 (1894)
= Polygala vulgaris subvar. ciliata (Lebel ex Syme) Chodat; Bull. Trav. Soc. Bot. Genève 5: 141 (1889)
= Polygala vulgaris subvar. collina (Rchb.) Chodat; Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 31: 451 (1893)
= Polygala vulgaris subvar. littoralis Lange ex Chodat; Bull. Trav. Soc. Bot. Genève 5: 140 (1889)
= Polygala vulgaris var. ciliata Lebel ex Syme; Sm., Engl. Bot., ed. 3B 2: 36 (1864)
= Polygala vulgaris var. collina (Rchb.) Opiz; Seznam: 76 (1852)
= Polygala vulgaris var. collina (Rchb.) Wender.; 242 (1846)
= Polygala vulgaris var. dunensis (Dumort.) Buchenau; Fl. Ostfries. Ins.: 49 (1881)
= Polygala vulgaris var. littoralis (Lange ex Chodat) P.Graebn.; Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 7: 360 (1916)
subspecies :
subsp. insubrica (Chodat) Arrigoni; Inform. Bot. Ital. 46(2): 255 (2014)
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala insubrica (Chodat) Gremli; Neue Beitr. Fl. Schweiz 5: 22 (1890)
= Polygala vulgaris var. confusa Fiori; Nuov. Fl. Italia 2: 124 (1925)
= Polygala vulgaris var. insubrica Chodat; Bull. Trav. Soc. Bot. Genève 5: 137 (1889)
subspecies :
subsp. oxyptera (Rchb.) Schübl. & G.Martens; Fl. Würtemberg: 455 (1834)
Name: Spitzflügliges Kreuzblümchen (DE)
Distribution: Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, RP? Schleswig-Holstein, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Liechtenstein; Austria; Slovakia; Hungary; Italy; Slovenia; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; Greece; European Russia
11 AUT BGM GER HUN LIE LUX SLO 13 ALB BUL GRC ITA KOS MNT NMA ROM SLV SRB 14 RUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala angustifolia Lange; Vidensk. Meddel. Dansk Naturhist. Foren. Kjobenhavn ser. 2, 7: 122 (1865) (non Kunth 1823)
= Polygala caespitosa (Pers.) Krock.; 200 (1823)
= Polygala caespitosa T.Nees; Pl. Med. 2: t. 411 (1828)
= Polygala dubia Bellynck; 27 (1855)
= Polygala dubia Dumort.; Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belgique 7: 344 (1868)
= Polygala multicaulis Tausch; Flora (1821), 563
= Polygala multiceps Borbás; Magyar Tud. Akad. Értes. 16(1): 9 (1882), nom. illeg.
= Polygala oxyptera Rchb.; Iconogr. Bot. Pl. Crit. 1: 25 (1823)
= Polygala oxyptera subsp. tempskyana Degen & Dörfl.; Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Math. Naturwiss Kl. 64: 712 (1897)
= Polygala oxyptera var. caespitosa Pers.; 271 (1806)
= Polygala oxyptera var. pratensis Rchb.; 25 (1823)
= Polygala oxyptera var. virescens (Freyn) K.Malý; 218 (1908)
= Polygala polymorpha var. oxyptera (Rchb.) K.F.Schimp. & Spenn.; Spenn., 866 (1829), nom. illeg.
= Polygala vulgaris f. condensata (Chodat) Braun-Blanq.; 916 (1934)
= Polygala vulgaris f. deseglisei (Le Grand) Hegi; 104 (1924)
= Polygala vulgaris f. elliptica (Chodat) Braun-Blanq.; 916 (1934)
= Polygala vulgaris f. multicaulis (Tausch) Paol.; Fiori et al., Fl. Anal. Italia 2: 229 (1901)
= Polygala vulgaris f. obtusata (Chodat) Braun-Blanq.; 916 (1934)
= Polygala vulgaris f. pratensis (Rchb.) Hegi; 103 (1924)
= Polygala vulgaris f. pseudoalpestris (Gren.) Braun-Blanq.; 916 (1934)
= Polygala vulgaris proles oxyptera (Rchb.) Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France 3: 65 (1896)
= Polygala vulgaris subsp. dubia (Bellynck) Corb.; Nouv. Fl. Normandie: 84 (1894)
= Polygala vulgaris subsp. illyrica Hayek; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 70: 50 (1921)
= Polygala vulgaris subsp. multicaulis (Tausch) Gand.; Nov. Consp. Fl. Eur.: 61 (1910)
= Polygala vulgaris subsp. tempskyana (Degen & Dörfl.) Hayek; Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math. Naturwiss. Kl., Denkschr. 99: 136 (1924)
= Polygala vulgaris var. alba Wibel; 224 (1799), nom. inval.
= Polygala vulgaris var. angustifolia (Lange) Hegi; 103 (1924)
= Polygala vulgaris var. brevialata (Chodat) Braun-Blanq.; 915 (1934)
= Polygala vulgaris var. caespitosa Mérat; Nouv. Fl. Env. Paris: 273 (1812)
= Polygala vulgaris var. caespitosa Pers.; Syn. Pl. 2: 271 (1806)
= Polygala vulgaris var. carnea Wibel; 224 (1799), nom. inval.
= Polygala vulgaris var. coerulea Wibel; 223 (1799), nom. inval.
= Polygala vulgaris var. dubia (Bellynck) Hegi; 103 (1924)
= Polygala vulgaris var. intermedia Wender.; 241 (1831)
= Polygala vulgaris var. multicaulis (Tausch) Opiz; Seznam: 76 (1852)
= Polygala vulgaris var. oxyptera (Rchb.) Dumort.; Fl. Belg.: 31 (1827)
= Polygala vulgaris var. oxyptera (Rchb.) Hampe; 45 (1836), isonym
= Polygala vulgaris var. oxyptera (Rchb.) Hartm.; Handb. Skand. Fl., ed. 2: 193 (1832)
subspecies :
subsp. valdarnensis (Fiori) Arrigoni; Inform. Bot. Ital. 46(2): 255 (2014)
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala alpestris var. valdarnensis Fiori; Sched. Fl. Ital. Exs., ser. 2, no. 1099 (1909)
species :
Polygala wattersii Hance; J. Bot. 19: 209 (1881)
Distribution: China
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Heterosamara wattersii (Hance) Paiva & P.Silveira; Nordic J. Bot. 25(5-6): 290 (2008)
species :
Polygala welwitschii Chodat; Mem. Soc. Phys. Geneve 31: n. 2 340 (1893)
subspecies :
subsp. welwitschii
Distribution: Angola
26 ANG
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala andongensis (Oliv.) Chiov.; Agric. Colon. 18: 379 (1924)
= Polygala arenaria var. andongensis Oliv.; Fl. Trop. Afr. 1: 128 (1868)
= Polygala welwitschii var. linearifolia Chodat; Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 31(2: 2): 341 (1893)
= Polygala welwitschii var. ovatifolia Chodat; Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 31(2: 2): 341 (1893)
subspecies :
subsp. pygmaea (Gürke) Paiva; Fontqueria 50: 189 (1998)
Distribution: Gabon; Congo [Brazzaville]; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Rwanda; Burundi; Uganda; Tanzania; Angola; Zambia; Zimbabwe; W-Mozambique; Namibia; South Africa (Limpopo, Mpulamanga)
23 BUR CON GAB RWA ZAI 25 TAN UGA 26 ANG MOZ ZAM ZIM 27 NAM SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala pygmaea Gürke; Engl. Pflanzenw. Ost-Afr. C 234 (1895)
= Polygala lepidota Welw. ex Exell; J. Bot. 64(Suppl.): 22 (1926)
species :
Polygala wenxianensis Y.S.Zhou & Z.X.Peng; Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin 12(4): 363, f. 1 (1992)
Distribution: China (Gansu)
36 CHI
Remarks: status doubtful
species :
Polygala westii Exell; Bol. Soc. Brot., Ser. 2, 31: 13 (1957)
Distribution: S-Zimbabwe; Namibia
26 ZIM 27 NAM
species :
Polygala wightiana Wall. ex Wight & Arn.; Prodr. 38 (1834)
Distribution: India (Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu); Lesser Sunda Isl. (Flores); New Guinea (Papua New Guinea); Australia (Western Australia, Northern Territory, Queensland)
40 IND 42 LSI NWG 50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala wightiana Wall.; Numer. List no. 4190 (1831), nomen
= Polygala campestris Dalzell; Hook. Kew J. 2: 40 (1850), non Gardner, 1843.
= Polygala orientalis Chodat; Mem. Soc. Phys. Geneve 31: n. 2 324 (1893)
= Polygala stenoclada var. queenslandica Domin; Biblioth. Bot. 22(89): 859 (1927)
species :
Polygala williamsii Böcher, Hjerting & Rahn; Dansk Bot. Arkiv 22: 94 (1963)
Distribution: Argentina (Mendoza)
85 ARG
Remarks: status uncertain, belongs likely as a synonym into Senega
species :
Polygala wilmsii Chodat; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 48: 329 (1912)
Distribution: E-Zimbabwe; Mozambique; South Africa (Limpopo, Mpulamanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal); Eswatini [Swaziland]
26 MOZ ZIM 27 SAF SWZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala wilmsii var. subcapitata Chodat; Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 31(2: 2): 329 (1893)
species :
Polygala wittebergensis Compton; Trans. Roy. Soc. S. Afr. 19: 298 (1931)
Distribution: South Africa (W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
species :
Polygala wittei Exell; De Wild. & Staner, Contrib. Fl. Katanga, Suppl. 55: 46 (1932), nomen, et in J. Bot. 70: 181, descr. (1932)
Distribution: E-D.R.Congo [Zaire]
23 ZAI
species :
Polygala woodii Chodat; Bull. Herb. Boissier 4: 237 (1896)
Distribution: South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal)
27 SAF
species :
Polygala wuzhishanensis S.K.Chen & J.Parn.; Fl. China (2008), nom. nov.
Distribution: China (Hainan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala insularis Chun & F.C.How ex C.Y.Wu & S.K.Chen; Acta Bot. Yunnan. 2(1): 80-81, f. 2: 4-11 (1980)
species :
Polygala xanthina Chodat; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 48: 325 (1912)
Distribution: N-Nigeria; E-D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Rwanda; ?Burundi; Uganda; Zambia; Malawi; Mozambique
22 NGA 23 RWA ZAI 25 UGA 26 MLW MOZ ZAM
species :
Polygala xanti A.Gray; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 5: 153 (1861)
Distribution: Mexico (Baja California Sur)
79 MEX
Remarks: status uncertain, belongs likely as a synonym into Senega
species :
Polygala yemenica Chodat; Mem. Soc. Phys. Hist. Nat. Geneve 31: 327 (1893)
Distribution: Yemen (W-Yemen)
35 YEM
species :
Polygala youngii Exell; J. Bot. 73: 227 (1935)
Distribution: Angola; W-Zambia
26 ANG ZAM
species :
Polygala zambesiaca Paiva; Fontqueria 50: 27,5 (1998)
Distribution: E-Zimbabwe; Mozambique
26 MOZ ZIM
species :
Polygala ×ilseana Graebn.; Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 7: 386 (1916)
Distribution: Europe
Remarks: Polygala calcarea x P. comosa
species :
Polygala ×kotovii Val.N.Tikhom.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 89(4): 656 (2004)
Distribution: Belarus
14 BLR
Remarks: Polygala comosa x P. cretacea
species :
Polygala ×pawlowskii Rothm.; Fedde, Repert. 67: 7 (1963)
Distribution: Germany (Hessen); Czech Republic; etc.
11 CZE GER
Remarks: Polygala multicaulis x P. vulgaris
Synonyms: hidden
= Polygala vulgaris subsp. pawlowskii (Rothm.) B.Bock; Bull. Soc. Bot. Centre-Ouest 43: 220 (2012)
species :
Polygala ×skrivanekii Podp.; Publ. Fac. Sci. Univ. Masaryk, Brno,No. 12, 28 (1922)
Distribution: Czech Republic; Slovakia; etc.
11 CZE SLO
Remarks: Polygala amarella x P. comosa
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A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 19.2 (April 1st, 2024)

Covering 354,662 accepted species,
8,644 hybrids, 47,758 accepted infraspecific taxa and 996,179 synonyms,
in total 1,407,243* names

[*about 25,000 dubious, "unplaced" names and about 4,000 invalid names (Art. 24.3) like "typicus" are deliberately omitted]


With complete, detailed distribution data (countries and regions) and literature references

Arranged in linear phylogenetic sequence reflecting true relationships

Fully searchable and continously updated

With 38,290 pictures of 15,532 species

Assembled through 40 years independently from other databases

In cooperation with Catalogue of Life