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V. 12.9
9.1.2022

031.0000 Family Dennstaedtiaceae Lotsy; Vortr. Bot. Stammesgesch. 2: 655 (1909) (Dennstaedtineaceae)
10-11 genera, ca. 230 spp.
Species listed in database: 235; hybrids: 9
= Hypolepidaceae Pic.Serm., Webbia 24: 705 (1970)
= Pteridiaceae Ching, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 13: 96 (1975)
= Monachosoraceae Ching, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 14: 17 (1978)
031.0008 Genus Pteridium Gled. ex Scop.; Fl. Carn. 169 (1760), nom. cons.
Distribution: Worldwide. Fraser-Jenkins et al. (2015) treat most of the taxa as separate species. Zhou et al. (2014) argue for keeping only two diploid species and two tetraploids, treating the rest of the taxa as geographically isolated subspecies.
Species listed in database: 4
= Aquilina C.Presl ms. ex Ettingsh., Farnkr. 91 (1865)
= Cincinalis Gled., Syst. Pl. 290 (1764)
= Eupteris Newman, Phytol. 2: 278 (1845)
= Filix Ludw., Inst. Regn. Veg., ed. 2. 142 (1757)
= Filix-Foemina Hill, Family Herbal (1755)
= Nymphopteris Webb & Berthel., Hist. nat. Canar. 82
= Ornithopteris (J.Agardh) J.Sm., Hist. Fil. 297 (1875) (non Bernh. 1806)
species :
Pteridium aquilinum (L.) Kuhn; Kersten, Reisen Ost-Afr. 3(3): 11 (1879)
subspecies :
subsp. aquilinum
Name: Adlerfarn (DE); Southern Bracken (EN); Helecho comun (ES)
Distribution: Albania; Austria; Belgium; Luxembourg; Baleares; England; Channel Isl.; Wales; Scotland; Bulgaria; Corsica; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Denmark; Finland; France; Germany (widespread); Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl.; Ireland; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Netherlands; Spain; Andorra; Hungary; Italy; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Croatia; Macedonia; Slovenia; Serbia & Kosovo; Portugal; Malta; Norway; Poland; Romania; San Marino; Sardinia; Sicily; Sweden; European Turkey; Tunisia; Algeria; Morocco; Azores (Santa Maria Isl., Sao Miguel Isl., Terceira, Graciosa, Sao Jorge, Pico, Faial, Flores Isl., Corvo Isl.); Madeira (Madeira Isl., Ilhas Desertas, Porto Santo Isl.); Islas Selvagens; Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro, La Palma Isl.); Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Crimea; N-European Russia; C-European Russia; W-European Russia; E-European Russia; Belarus; Ukraine; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Russian Far East; Mongolia; Kazakhstan; Turkey (Anatolia); Cyprus; Lebanon; Syria; Israel; Palestine; N-Yemen; Iran; Soqotra; Ethiopia; Egypt [I]; Thailand; Laos; Cambodia; Australia [I] (South Australia [I])
10 DEN FIN GRB IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 ADO BAL CIS COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KRI MLT MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SMA SRB TUE 14 BLR EST KRY LAT LIT RUS UKR 20 ALG egy MOR TUN 21 AZO CNY MDR SEL 24 ETH SOC 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 CYP EAI IRN ISR LEB PAL SYR TUR 35 YEM 37 MON 41 CBD LAO THA 50 aus
Synonyms: hidden
= Allosorus acutifolius C.Presl, Tent. Pterid. 154 (1836)
= Allosorus aquilinus (L.) C.Presl, Tent. Pterid. 153 (1836)
= Allosorus coriifolius (Kunze) Pappe & Rawson, Syn. Fil. Afr. Austr. 31 (1858)
= Allosorus recurvatus C.Presl, Tent. Pterid. 154 (1836)
= Allosorus villosus C.Presl, Tent. Pterid. 154 (1836)
= Asplenium aquilinum (L.) Bernh., Schrad., J. Bot. 1799(1): 310 (1799)
= Cincinalis aquilina (L.) Trevis., Atti Soc. Ital. Sci. Nat. 17: 31 (1875)
= Cincinalis aquilina (L.) Gled., Syst. Pl. 290 (1764)
= Cincinalis gleditschii Gueldenst., Reise durch Russl. 1: 284 (1787)
= Eupteris aquilina (L.) Newman, Phytol. 2: 278 (1845)
= Filix aquilina (L.) Woyn., Hedwigia 56: 381 (1914)
= Filix-Foemina aquilina (L.) Farw., Amer. Midl. Naturalist 12: 234-251 (1931)
= Filix-Foemina vulgaris Hill, Family Herbal (1756)
= Ornithopteris aquilina (L.) J.Sm., Hist. Fil. 298 (1875)
= Paesia aquilina (L.) Keyserl., Pol. Cyath. Hb. Bung. 22 (1873)
= Paesia coriifolia (Kunze) T.Moore, Gard. Chron. 1858: 878 (1858)
= Polypodium austriacum Jacq., Obs. Bot. 1: 45 (1764) (fide Fraser-Jenkins 1997)
= Pteridium ceheginense Barnola ex Joaquin, Bol. Soc. Aragon. Cienc. Nat. 11: 35, fig. (1912) (fide Fraser-Jenkins 1997)
= Pteris aquilina L., Sp. Pl. 2: 1071 (1753) (basion.)
= Pteris auriculata Goldm., Nova Acta 19, Suppl. 1: 458 (1843)
= Pteris borealis Salisb., Prod. (1796)
= Pteris brevipes Tausch, Flora 1836(2): 427 (1836)
= Pteris coriifolia Kunze, Linn. 18: 120 (1844)
= Pteris firma Wall., Num. List no. 100 (1828)
= Pteris foemina Gray, Nat. Arr. br. Fl. 2: 16 (1821)
= Pteris gardneri Ettingsh., Denkschr. Akad. Wien 23: 42 (1864)
= Pteris nudicaulis Gueldenst., Reise 1: 421 (1787)
= Pteris sprengelii Steud., Nom. 2: 358 (1824)
= Pteridium tauricum Krecz. ex Grossh., Fl. Kavkaz. ed. 2, 1: 35 (1939) (fide Fraser-Jenkins 1997)
= Allosorus tauricus C.Presl, Tent. Pterid. 154 (1836), nom. nud.
= Pteridium aquilinum ssp. brevipes (Tausch) E.Wulff, Fl. Kryma 1(1): 20 (1927) (fide Fraser-Jenkins 1997)
= Pteridium aquilinum ssp. tauricum (C.Presl) Gureeva & C.N.Page, Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 93(6): 929 (2008), nom. inval.
= Pteris aquilina f. transcaucasica Rupr., Beitr. Pflanzenk. Russ. Reich. 3: 46 (1945) (syn. subst.) (fide Fraser-Jenkins 1997)
= Pteris aquilina var. transcaucasica Rupr., Distr. Cr. Vasc. Ross. 46 (1845) (fide Fraser-Jenkins 1997)
= Pteridium aquilinum ssp. herediae (Clemente ex Colmeiro) Jermy, Sommerfeltia 6: xiii (1987) (fide Fraser-Jenkins 1997)
= Pteridium herediae (Clemente ex Colmeiro) Joaquin, Bol. Soc. Aragon. Cienc. Nat. 11: 35 (1912) (fide Fraser-Jenkins 1997)
= Pteris herediae Clemente ex Colmeiro, Enum. Fil. Cript. Esp. Portugal (fide Fraser-Jenkins 1997)
= Pteridium herediae (Colmeiro) Á.Löve & Kjellq., Lagascalia 2: 28 (1972) (fide Fraser-Jenkins 1997)
= Pteridium aquilinum ssp. atlanticum C.N.Page, Watsonia 17(4): 431 (1989) (fide Fraser-Jenkins 1997)
= Pteridium pinetorum ssp. osmundaceum (Christ) C.N.Page, Bot. J. Scotland 47(1): 140 (1994) (fide Fraser-Jenkins 1997)
= Pteridium aquilinum ssp. osmundaceum (Christ) P.D.Sell, Fl. Great Britain and Ireland 1: 671 (2018)
= Pteridium aquilinum var. osmundaceum Christ, Beitr. Kryptogamenfl. Schweiz 1(2): 54 (1901) (fide Fraser-Jenkins 1997)
subspecies :
subsp. brownseyi (Fraser-Jenk.) comb.ined.
Distribution: NW-India (Jammu & Kashmir); Pakistan
40 IND PAK
Remarks: between ssp. aquilinum and ssp. japonicum
Conservation Status: IUCN VU for India (Fraser-Jenkins 2012)
Synonyms: hidden
= Pteridium brownseyi Fraser-Jenk., New Sp. Syndr. Indian Pteridol. 219 (1997)
subspecies :
subsp. capense (Thunb.) C.Chr.; Ind. Fil. 591 (1906)
Distribution: Cape Verde Isl. (Santo Antao Isl., Ilha de Sao Nicolau, Ilha de Sao Tiago, Fogo Isl., Ilha Brava); Guinea; Sierra Leone; Liberia; Ivory Coast; Ghana; Togo; Nigeria; Cameroon; Gabon; Bioko Isl. [Fernando Poo]; Principe Isl.; São Tomé; Equatorial Guinea (Rio Muni); Congo [Brazzaville]; Central African Republic; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Sudan; Ethiopia; Uganda; Rwanda; Burundi; Kenya; Tanzania; Pemba Isl.; Zanzibar; Angola; Zambia; Malawi; Mozambique; Zimbabwe; South Africa (Limpopo, Gauteng, Mpulamanga, North West, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, W-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov.); Lesotho; Eswatini [Swaziland]; Comores; Madagascar; Mauritius; La Réunion; Soqotra
21 CVI 22 GHA GUI IVO LBR NGA SIE TOG 23 BIO BUR CAF CMN CON EQG GAB PRI RWA SAO ZAI 24 ETH SOC SUD 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 ANG MLW MOZ ZAM ZIM 27 LES SAF SWZ 29 COM MAU MDG REU
Synonyms: hidden
= Allosorus capensis (Thunb.) Pappe & Rawson, Syn. Fil. Afr. austr. 32 (1868)
= Allosorus hottentottus C.Presl, Tent. Pterid. 154 (1836)
= Allosorus lanuginosus (Bory ex Willd.) C.Presl, Tent. Pterid. 154 (1836)
= Cincinalis lanuginosa (Bory ex Willd.) Trevis., Syll. Sporoph. Ital. 1: 31 (1874)
= Pteridium capense (Thunb.) Krasser, Ann. Hofmus. Wien 15: 6 (1900)
= Pteridium aquilinum var. lanuginosum (Willd.) Kuhn, Über die Hochgebirgsflora des tropischen Afrika: 94 (1892)
= Pteridium lanuginosum (Bory ex Willd.) Clute, Fern Bull. 8: 38 (1900)
= Pteris aquilina f. lanuginosa (Bory ex Willd.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 820 (1891)
= Pteris aquilina var. lanuginosa (Bory ex Willd.) Hook., Sp. Fil. [W. J. Hooker] 2: 196 (1858)
= Pteris capensis Thunb., Prod. Fl. Cap. 172 (1800)
= Pteris lanuginosa (Bory ex Willd.) Spreng., Nova Acta 10: 231, t. 16, f. 1-2 (1821)
= Pteris lanuginosa Bory ex Willd., Sp. 5: 403 (1810)
subspecies :
subsp. centrali-africanum Hieron.; Wiss. Erg. Schwed. Rhod.-Kongo Exped. 1911-12, Bot. 1: 7 (1914)
Distribution: Gabon; Congo [Brazzaville]; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Rwanda; Burundi; Tanzania; Angola; Zambia; Malawi; Mozambique; Zimbabwe
23 BUR CON GAB RWA ZAI 25 TAN 26 ANG MLW MOZ ZAM ZIM
Remarks: bona sp. fide Fraser-Jenkins 1997
Synonyms: hidden
= Pteridium aquilinum var. africanum Bonap., Notes Pterid. 1: 62 (1915)
= Pteridium centraliafricanum (Hieron. ex R.E.Fr.) Alston, Bol. Soc. Broter. ser. 2, 30: 22 (1956)
= Pteridium latiusculum Hieron., Wiss. Erg. Schwed. Rhod.-Kongo Exped. 1911-12, Bot. 1: 7 (1914)
subspecies :
subsp. decompositum (Gaudich.) Lamoureux ex J.A.Thomson; Telopea 10(4): 800 (2004)
Distribution: Hawaii (Kauai, Oahu, Molokai, Lanai, Maui, Hawaii Isl.)
63 HAW
Remarks: probably a subspecies of P. latiusculum or P. esculentum
Synonyms: hidden
= Pteridium aquilinum var. decompositum (Gaudich.) R.M.Tryon
= Pteris decomposita Gaudich., Voy. Uranie [Freycinet] 393 (1827)
= Pteridium decompositum (Gaudich.) Christenh., The Global Flora, Special edition, part 1(4): 7 (2018)
subspecies :
subsp. feei (W.Schaffn. ex Fée) J.A.Thomson, Mickel & Mehltr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 157(1): 13 (2008)
Distribution: Mexico (Aguascalientes, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Colima, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Nuevo Leon, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Zacatecas); Guatemala; Honduras; El Salvador
79 MEX 80 ELS GUA HON
Synonyms: hidden
= Pteridium aquilinum var. feei (W.Schaffn. ex Fée) Maxon ex Yunck., Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Bot. Ser. 17: 308 (1938)
= Pteridium feei (W.Schaffn. ex Fée) Faull, Contr. Arnold Arbor. 11: 87 (1938)
= Pteris feei W.Schaffn. ex Fée, Mém. Foug. 8: 73 (1857)
subspecies :
subsp. fulvum C.N.Page; Bot. J. Scotland 47(1): 139 (1994)
Distribution: Scotland
10 GRB
subspecies :
subsp. latiusculum (Desv.) W.C.Shieh; Quart. J. Chin. Forest. 6(4): 98 (1973)
Name: Western brackenfern
Distribution: Mexico (Nuevo Leon, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Sinaloa, Sonora); USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Colorado, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, North Dakota, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, Vermont, Wisconsin, West Virginia, Wyoming); Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Isl., Québec); St. Pierre et Miquelon
71 CDN 72 CDN SPM 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Pteridium aquilinum var. latiusculum (Desv.) Underw. ex A.Heller, Cat. N. Amer. Pl. ed. 3, 17 (1909)
= Pteridium aquilinum ssp. latiusculum (Desv.) C.N.Page, Watsonia 17(4): 429 (1989), comb. superfl.
= Pteridium aquilinum var. champlainense B.Boivin, Amer. Fern J. 42: 131 (1953)
= Pteridium latiusculum (Desv.) Hieron. ex T.C.E.Fr., Wiss. Erg. d. Schwed. Rhodesia-Kongo Exp. 1911-12, Bot. 1: 7 (1914)
= Pteridium latiusculum (Desv.) Maxon, Amer. Fern J. 9: 43 (1919), comb. superfl.
= Pteris latiuscula Desv., Mém. Soc. Linn. Paris 6: 2: 303 (1827)
= Pteris aquilina subvar. latiuscula (Desv.) Farw., Amer. Fern J. 33: 9 (1943)
= Pteridium latiusculum f. berdii Moldenke, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 35: 313 (1946)
subspecies :
subsp. pseudocaudatum (Clute) Hultén; Acta Univ. Lund. 2, 37, no. 1: 44 (1941)
Name: Western brackenfern
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, Vermont, West Virginia)
74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Pteridium aquilinum var. pseudocaudatum (Clute) A.Heller, Cat. N. Amer. Pl. ed. 2: 12 (1900)
= Pteridium latiusculum var. pseudocaudatum (Clute) Maxon, Amer. Fern J. 9: 44 (1919)
= Pteris aquilina var. pseudocaudata Clute, Fern Bull. 8: 39 (1900)
= Pteris latiuscula var. pseudocaudata (Clute) E.P.St.John & R.P.St.John
= Filix-foemina aquilina var. pseudocaudata (Clute) Farw., Amer. Midl. Naturalist 12: 290 (1931)
subspecies :
subsp. japonicum (Nakai) Á. & D.Löve; Taxon 26(2-3): 325 (1977)
Distribution: Finland; Sweden; Norway; Poland; Romania; N-European Russia; Siberia; N-Japan; Ryukyu Isl.; China (Anhui, Beijing, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Henan, Heilongjiang, Hebei, Hongkong, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Jilin, Liaoning, Macao, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanghai, Shanxi, Sichuan, South China Sea Isl., Xinjiang, Yunnan, Zhejiang); Taiwan; Tibet; North Korea; South Korea; Bonin Isl. (Chichijima, Anijima)
10 FIN NOR SWE 11 POL 13 ROM 14 RUS 30 SIB 36 CHI TIB 38 JAP KOR NKO NNS OGA TAI 42 SCS
Synonyms: hidden
= Pteridium aquilinum f. glabrum Tardieu & C.Chr., Fl. Indo-Chine 7(2): 138 (1939)
= Pteridium latiusculum ssp. japonicum (Nakai) Fraser-Jenk., Ferns and Fern-allies of Nepal 1: 187 (2015)
= Pteridium aquilinum var. japonicum Nakai, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 39(461): 106-107 (1925)
= Pteridium japonicum (Nakai) Tardieu & C.Chr., Fl. Indo-Chine 7(2): 138 (1939)
= Pteridium pinetorum ssp. sibiricum Gureeva & C.N.Page, Sist. Zametki Mater. Gerb. Krylova Tomsk. Gosud. Univ. 95: 22 (2005) (fide Fraser-Jenkins et al. 2015)
= Pteridium pinetorum ssp. sajanense Stepanov, Sist. Zametki Mater. Gerb. Krylova Tomsk. Gosud. Univ. 105: 12 (2012) (fide Fraser-Jenkins et al. 2015)
subspecies :
subsp. pinetorum (C.N.Page & R.R.Mill) J.A.Thomson; Telopea 10(4): 798 (2004)
Distribution: Scotland; England; Germany (Berlin, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Nordrhein-Westfalen)
10 GRB 11 GER
Remarks: probably derived from introgression of subsp. aquilinum into subsp. latiusculum
Synonyms: hidden
= Pteridium pinetorum C.N.Page & R.R.Mill, Bot. J. Scotland 47(1): 140 (1994)
= Pteridium latiusculum ssp. pinetorum (C.N.Page & R.R.Mill) Fraser-Jenk., New Sp. Syndr. Indian Pteridol. 220 (1997)
= Pteridium aquilinum ssp. pinetorum (C.N.Page & R.R.Mill) P.D.Sell, Fl. Great Britain & Ireland 1: 671 (2018), comb. superfl.
subspecies :
subsp. pubescens (Underw.) J.A.Thomson, Mickel & Mehltr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 157(1): 14 (2008)
Name: Hairy brackenfern
Distribution: Alaska; USA (Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, New Mexico, Nevada, Oregon, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Washington State, Wyoming); Canada (Alberta, British Columbia); Mexico (Baja California Norte, Baja California Sur)
70 ASK 71 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Pteris aquilina var. pubescens (Underw.) Kunze, Linnaea 13: 142 (1839)
= Pteridium pubescens (Underw.) Christenh., The Global Flora, Special edition, part 1(4): 7 (2018)
= Pteridium aquilinum var. pubescens Underw., Native Ferns ed. 6: 91 (1900)
= Pteridium aquilinum ssp. lanuginosum (Bong.) Hultén, Acta Univ. Lund. 2, 37, no. 1: 43 (1941)
= Pteridium aquilinum var. lanuginosum (Bong.) Fernald, Rhodora 37: 247 (1935)
= Pteris latiuscula var. lanuginosa (Bong.) Small, Ferns Vicin. New York 37, 241 (1935)
= Filix-foemina aquilina var. lanuginosa (Bong.) Farw., Amer. Midl. Naturalist 12: 290 (1931)
subspecies :
subsp. wightianum (Wall. ex J.Agardh) W.C.Shieh; Quart. J. Chin. Forest. 6(4): 98 (1973)
Name: Hairy bracken
Distribution: China (Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan); Taiwan; Tibet; E-Afghanistan; Pakistan; India (Jammu & Kashmir, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam State, Chhattisgarh, ?Goa, Himachal Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttarakhand, West Bengal); Sri Lanka; Nepal; Bhutan; Cambodia; Myanmar; Vietnam; peninsular Malaysia; Singapore; Philippines; Moluccas (Seram, etc.); Sumatra; Sulawesi; Java; New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea); Borneo; Solomon Isl.; Australia (Northern Territory, NE-Queensland)
34 AFG 36 CHI TIB 38 TAI 40 BHU IND NEP PAK SRL 41 CBD MYA VIE 42 BOR JAW MLY MOL NWG PHI SNG SUL SUM 43 SOL 50 AUS
Remarks: treated by Flora of China and Fraser-Jenkins et al. (2015) as full species, by Zhou et al. (2014) based on genetic results as P. aquilinum ssp. wightianum.
Synonyms: hidden
= Cincinalis villosa (Fée) Trevis., Syll. Sporoph. Ital. 1: 31 (1874)
= Pteridium aquilinum ssp. revolutum (Blume) Xiao Q.Chen & X.C.Zhang, Lycophytes Ferns China 190 (2012)
= Pteridium aquilinum ssp. wightianum (Wall. ex J.Agardh) Á. & D.Löve, Taxon 26(2-3): 325 (1977), comb. superfl.
= Pteridium aquilinum var. osmundoides Christ ex H.Lév., Bull. Acad. Int. Geogr. Bot. 20(2): 243, 9 (1910)
= Pteridium aquilinum var. wightianum (Wall. ex J.Agardh) R.M.Tryon, Rhodora 43: 22 (1941)
= Pteridium capense var. densa Nakai, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 39(461): 109 (1925) (fide Fraser-Jenkins 1997)
= Pteridium capense var. densum Tagawa, Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus. (Tokyo) 27: 5 (1949), comb. superfl.
= Pteridium falcatum Ching ex S.H.Wu, Acta Bot. Austro-Sin. 2: 2 (1986)
= Pteridium lineare Ching ex S.H.Wu, Acta Bot. Austro-Sin. 2: 3 (1986)
= Pteridium revolutum (Blume) Nakai, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 39: 109 (1925)
= Pteridium revolutum var. muricatulum Ching & S.H.Wu, Acta Bot. Austro-Sin. 2: 2 (1986)
= Pteridium revolutum var. wightianum (Wall. ex J.Agardh) Fraser-Jenk., Annot. Checkl. Ind. Pterid. 1: 178 (2016)
= Pteridium yunnanense Ching & S.H.Wu, Acta Bot. Austro-Sin. 2: 4 (1986)
= Pteris densa Wall., Num. List no. 99 (1828)
= Pteris excelsa Blume, Enum. Fil. 213 (1828), non Gaudich. 1829.
= Pteris lanigera Blume, Enum. Fil. 214 (1828)
= Pteris recurvata var. wightiana J.Agardh, Rec. Sp. Gen. Pterid. 50 (1839)
= Pteris recurvata Wall., Num. List no. 113 (1828) ex J. Agardh, Rec. Sp. Gen. Pterid. 50 (1839)
= Pteris revoluta Blume, Enum. Fil. 214 (1828)
= Pteris villosa Fée, Gen. 126 (1850-52)
= Pteris wightiana Wall., Num. List no. 2178 (1828) ex J. Agardh
species :
Pteridium caudatum (L.) Maxon; Proc. U. S. Nat. Herb. 23: 631 (1901)
Name: Southern brackenfern
Distribution: USA (C-Florida, S-Florida); Bermuda; Bahamas; Turks & Caicos Isl.; Mexico (Baja California Norte, Baja California Sur, Campeche, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Colima, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Nayarit, Nuevo Leon, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Quintana Roo, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Yucatan); Belize; Guatemala; Honduras; El Salvador; Nicaragua; Panama; Colombia (Amazonas, Antioquia, Boyacá, Caldas, Caquetá, Cundinamarca, Huila, San Andrés, Providencia y Santa Catalina, Santander); Venezuela (Amazonas, Bolívar, Carabobo, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Falcon, Lara, Merida, Miranda, Nueva Esparta, Portuguesa, Tachira, Yaracuy, Zulia); Trinidad; Ecuador; Peru; Antigua; Montserrat; Galapagos; Guyana; Surinam; French Guiana; Revillagigedos Isl. (Isla Socorro); Cayman Isl. (Grand Cayman); Puerto Rico; Jamaica; Cuba; Hispaniola; Brazil (Acre, Amazonas, Rondônia); Bolivia (La Paz, Santa Cruz)
78 USA 79 MEX RGI 80 BLZ ELS GUA HON NIC PAN 81 ABA BAH BER CAY CUB HIS JAM MTS PUE TCI TRT 82 CLM FRG GUY SUR SWC VEN 83 BOL ECU GAL PER 84 BRA
Remarks: probably of recent hybrid origin between P. aquilinum x esculentum
Synonyms: hidden
= Allosorus caudatus (L.) C.Presl, Tent. Pterid. 154 (1836)
= Cincinalis caudata (L.) Trevis., Syll. Sporoph. Ital. 1: 31 (1874)
= Filix-foemina aquilina var. caudata (L.) Farw., Amer. Midl. Naturalist 12: 290 (1931)
= Ornithopteris caudata (L.) J.Sm., Hist. Fil. 298 (1876)
= Pteridium aquilinum ssp. caudatum (L.) Bonap., Notes Pteridol. 7: 356 (1918)
= Pteridium aquilinum var. caudatum (L.) Sadeb., Jahrb. Hamb. Wiss. Anst. Beih. 3: 5 (1897)
= Pteris aquilina var. caudata (L.) A.Gray, Manual (Gray), ed. 2. 592 (1856)
= Pteris aquilina var. mexicana Fée
= Pteris caudata L., Sp. Pl. 2: 1075 (1753)
species :
Pteridium esculentum (G.Forst.) Nakai; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 89: 108 (1825)
subspecies :
subsp. esculentum
Distribution: Australia (Western Australia, South Australia, Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania); New Caledonia; New Zealand (North Isl., South Isl., Stewart Isl., Three Kings Isl.); Kermadec Isl.; Chatham Isl.; Fiji (Viti Levu, Vanua Levu); Tonga (Late Isl., Tofua); Vanuatu; China (Guangxi, Hainan); Antipodes Isl.; Borneo (Mt. Kinabalu, etc.); Society Isl. (Tahiti); Norfolk Isl.; Philippines; Java; Sumatra; Sulawesi; Borneo; Moluccas; New Guinea (Papua New Guinea); Cambodia; Vietnam; Lesser Sunda Isl. (Lombok, Bali, Wetar, Flores, Timor, Alor, Sumba); Solomon Isl. (Santa Ysabel); peninsular Malaysia; Singapore
36 CHI 41 CBD VIE 42 BOR JAW LSI MLY MOL NWG PHI SNG SUL SUM 43 SOL 50 AUS NFK 51 ATP CTM KER NZL 60 FIJ NWC TON VAN 61 SCI
Synonyms: hidden
= Allosorus esculentus (G.Forst.) C.Presl, Tent. Pterid. 154 (1836)
= Cincinalis esculenta (G.Forst.) Trevis., Syll. Sporoph. Ital. 1: 31 (1874)
= Ornithopteris esculenta (G.Forst.) J.Sm., Hist. Fil. 298 (1875)
= Pteridium aquilinum var. esculentum (G.Forst.) Kuhn, (1882)
= Pteridium aquilinum var. aequipinnulum Domin, Bibl. Bot. (1928)
= Pteridium aquilinum var. pseudocaudatum Domin, Bibl. Bot. (1928) (non (Clute) A. Heller 1910)
= Pteridium pseudocaudatum (Clute) Christenh., The Global Flora, Special edition, part 1(4): 7 (2018)
= Pteridium aquilinum ssp. esculentum (G.Forst.) C.Chr., Ind. (1857)
= Pteridium esculentum (G.Forst.) Cockayne, Rep. Bot. Surv. Tongariro Nation. Park 34 (1908), et Engler, Veg. d. Erde 14: 71, 308 (1921), comb. superfl.
= Pteris aquilina var. esculenta (G.Forst.) Hook.fil., Fl. nov.-zel.: (1854)
= Pteris esculenta G.Forst., Pl. escul. 74 (1786)
= Pteris aquilina f. esculenta (G.Forst.) Christ, Monsunia 1 (1900)
subspecies :
subsp. arachnoideum (Kaulf.) J.A.Thomson; Telopea 14: 45 (2012)
Distribution: Mexico (Baja California, Chiapas, Colima, Ciudad de Mexico, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Oaxaca, Puebla, Veracruz); Guatemala; Honduras; El Salvador; Nicaragua; Costa Rica; Panama; Colombia (Amazonas, Antioquia, Boyacá, Caquetá, Cauca, Cesar, Chocó, Cundinamarca, Huila, Magdalena, Meta, Nariño, Norte de Santander, Santander, Vaupés); Venezuela (Amazonas, Aragua, Bolívar, Cojedes, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Falcon, Merida, Miranda, Monagas, Nueva Esparta, Portuguesa); Ecuador; Galapagos; Peru; Bolivia (Beni, La Paz, Santa Cruz); Brazil (Alagoas, Bahia, Ceará, Brasilia Distrito Federal, Minas Gerais, Mato Grosso do Sul, Paraíba, Pernambuco, Paraná, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, São Paulo); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Catamarca, Chaco, Cordoba, Corrientes, Entre Rios, Jujuy, La Rioja, Misiones, Salta, Tucuman); Paraguay (Caazapa, Canindeyu, Cordillera); Uruguay (Lavalleja, Maldonado, Rocha, Salto, Tacuarembo, Trenta y Tres); Trinidad; St. Lucia; Puerto Rico; Cuba; Hispaniola; Jamaica
79 MEX 80 COS ELS GUA HON NIC PAN 81 CUB HIS JAM PUE STL TRT 82 CLM VEN 83 BOL ECU GAL PER 84 BRA 85 ARG PAR URU
Remarks: esculentum agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Allosorus arachnoideus (Kaulf.) C.Presl, Tent. Pterid. 155 (1836)
= Allosorus psittacinus (C.Presl) C.Presl, Tent. Pterid. 153 (1836)
= Aspidium brasilianum C.Presl, Delic. Prag. 1: 176 (1822), nom. rej.
= Cheilanthes aquilinaris Fée, Cr. vasc. Br. 2: 37, t. 91 t 1 (1869)
= Cincinalis arachnoidea (Kaulf.) Trevis., Syll. Sporoph. Ital. 1: 31 (1874)
= Cystopteris brasiliana (C.Presl) C.Presl, Tent. Pterid. 93 (1836)
= Filix-foemina aquilina var. arachnoidea (Kaulf.) Farw., Amer. Midl. Naturalist 12: 290 (1931)
= Hypolepis aquilinaris (Fée) Christ, Bull. Herb. Boiss. II, 2: 636 (1902)
= Hypolepis brasiliana (C.Presl) Kuhn, Festschr. Jubil. Königstädt. Realsch. Berlin 347 (1882)
= Pteridium aquilinum var. arachnoideum (Kaulf.) Brade, Z. Deutsch. Verein Wiss. Kunst Sao Paulo 1: 56 (1920)
= Pteridium caudatum ssp. arachnoideum (Kaulf.) Lellinger, Amer. Fern J. 93(3): 150 (2003)
= Pteridium arachnoideum (Kaulf.) Maxon, J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 14: 89 (1924)
= Pteridium psittacinum (C.Presl) Maxon, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 46: 141 (1933)
= Pteris aquilina var. arachnoidea (Kaulf.) D.C.Eaton, Mem. Amer. Acad. Arts 8: 203 (1861)
= Pteris aquilina var. psittacina (C.Presl) Baker, Mart., Fl. Bras. 1(2): 403 (1870)
= Pteris arachnoidea Kaulf., Enum. Fil. 190 (1824)
= Pteris psittacina C.Presl, Del. Prag. 1: 185 (1822)
variant :
var. harpianum Schwartsb. & A.Yanez; Phytotaxa 333(1): 36 (2018)
Distribution: French Guiana; Guyana; Surinam; Brazil (Amazonas, Amapa)
82 FRG GUY SUR 84 BRA
variant :
var. paedomorficum Schwartsb. & J.Prado; Phytotaxa 333(1): 30 (2018)
Distribution: Brazil
84 BRA
subspecies :
subsp. campestre (Schrad.) Schwartsb. & J.Prado; Phytotaxa 333(1): 32 (2018)
Distribution: Brazil (Bahia, Ceará, Paraíba, Pernambuco)
84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Pteris campestris Schrad., Gött. gel. Anz. 871 (1824)
= Pteridium campestre (Schrad.) Christenh., The Global Flora, Special edition, part 1(4): 7 (2018)
= Pteridium arachnoideum ssp. campestre (Schrad.) Schwartsb. & P.L.R.Moraes, Phytotaxa 170(2): 111 (2014)
subspecies :
subsp. gryphus Schwartsb.; Phytotaxa 332(3): 264 (2017)
Distribution: Venezuela (Aragua); Guyana; French Guiana; Ecuador; Galapagos; Peru; Bolivia (La Paz)
82 FRG GUY VEN 83 BOL ECU GAL PER
species :
Pteridium rostratum (Burm.fil.) Fraser-Jenk.; Indian Fern J. 36(1-2): 28 (2019), et Indian J. Forest. 43(1): 68 (2021)
Name: Northern bracken
Distribution: Australia (NE-Queensland); peninsular Malaysia; Myanmar; Thailand (widespread); S-China; Cambodia; Vietnam; Moluccas (Seram); India (Arunachal Pradesh); Sumatra
36 CHI 40 IND 41 CBD MYA THA VIE 42 MLY MOL SUM 50 AUS
Remarks: sometimes considered to be a hybrid Pteridium esculentum x revolutum, but fertile fide Fraser-Jenkins (2008). Zhou et al. (2014) also recognize this tetraploid taxon
Conservation Status: IUCN CR for India (Fraser-Jenkins 2012)
Synonyms: hidden
= Allosorus lorigerus C.Presl, Tent. Pterid. 164 (1836)
= Polypodium rostratum Burm.fil., Fl. Indica 233 (1768)
= Pteridium aquilinum var. yarrabense Domin, Bibl. Bot. 85: 161 (1913)
= Pteridium caudatum ssp. yarrabense (Domin) Parris, Fern Gaz. 12(3): 180 (1981)
= Pteridium yarrabense (Domin) Wakef., Vict. Nat. 72: 159 (1956)
= Pteris lorigera Wall., Num. List no. 103 (1828)
= Pteridium semihastatum (Wall. ex J.Agardh) S.B.Andrews, Austrobaileya 1(1): 12 (1977)
= Pteris semihastata Wall., Num. List no. 102 (1828) ex J. Agardh, Rec. Sp. Gen. Pterid. 48 (1839)
...

A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


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