Search

Reset
* Only valid names are shown as results

Filter

Reset

Order

Family (9)

Genus (110)

Prev genus | Next genus

Display options

Ver. 19.4
June 30th, 2024

241.0000 Family Rosaceae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 334 (1789), nom. cons.
97-110 genera, ca. 7.500 spp., of them about 4.000 microspecies in Rubus, Alchemilla and Sorbus
Species listed in database: 7661; hybrids: 491
= Agrimoniaceae Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 395, 574 (1822)
= Alchemillaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 17 (1820)
= Amygdalaceae Marquis; Esq. Règne Vég.: 49 (1820), nom. cons.
= Cercocarpaceae J.Agardh; Theoria Syst. Pl.: 287 (1858)
= Chamaemoraceae Lilja; Skånes Fl., ed. 2: 349, 980 (1870)
= Coleogynaceae J.Agardh; Theoria Syst. Pl.: 171 (1858)
= Cydoniaceae Schnizl.; Anal. Nat. Ordn. Gew.: 14 (1856)
= Dryadaceae Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 395, 577 (1822)
= Fragariaceae Nestl.; Monogr. Potentilla: 14 (1816)
= Lindleyaceae J.Agardh; Theoria Syst. Pl.: 166 (1858)
= Malaceae Small; Fl. S. E. U. S.: 529 (1903), nom. cons.
= Mespilaceae Schultz Sch.; Nat. Syst. Pflanzenr.: 509 (1832)
= Neilliaceae Miq.; Fl. Ned. Ind. 1: 390 (1855)
= Potentillaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 231 (1820)
= Poteriaceae Raf.; Anal. Nat.: 173 (1815)
= Prunaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 511 (1820)
= Pyraceae Vest; Anleit. Stud. Bot.: 268, 286 (1818)
= Rhodotypaceae J.Agardh; Theoria Syst. Pl.: 172 (1858)
= Sanguisorbaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 231 (1820)
= Sorbaceae Brenner; Florist. Handb.: 94 (1886)
= Spiraeaceae Bertuch; Taf. Allg. Naturgesch. Gewächs-Reich: Enum. 10, Syn. Tab. 3 (1801)
= Tormentillaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 636 (1820)
= Ulmariaceae Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 395, 588 (1822)
241.3862 Genus Pyrus L.; Sp. Pl. 479 (1753)
Distribution: mostly temperate Asia, few N-Africa and Mediterranean. There are many doubtful microspecies in the Transcaucasus region
Species listed in database: 74; hybrids: 7
= Apirophorum Neck.; Elem. 2: 72 (1790)
= Bollwilleria Zabel; Mitteil. Deutsch. Dendrol. Ges., 76 (1907)
= Chamaemespilus Medik.; Phil. Bot. 1: 138, 155 (1789)
= Mespilophora Neck.; Elem. 2: 73 (1790)
= Ostinia Clairv.; Man. Herb. 162 (1811)
= Pirenia K.Koch; Dendrol. 1: 188 (1867)
= Pirophorum Neck.; Elem. 2: 72 (1790)
= Pseudochaenomeles Carrière; Rev. Hortic. 238 (1882)
= Pyrenia Clairv.; Man. Herb. 161 (1811)
= Pyrophorum DC.; Prod. 2: 633 (1825)
species :
Pyrus acutiserrata Gladkova; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 24: 104 (1987)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus
33 NCS
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Pyrus alpinotaiwaniana S.S.Ying; New Taxa New Names 6: 325 (2023)
Distribution: Taiwan
38 TAI
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Pyrus armeniacifolia T.T.Yu; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 8(3): 231-232, t. 27, f. 2 (1963)
Distribution: China (N-Xinjiang: Tacheng Xian)
36 CHI
species :
Pyrus asiae-mediae (Popov) Maleev; Kom., Fl. URSS 9: 342 (1939)
Distribution: Uzbekistan [I]; Kyrgyzstan
32 KGZ uzb
Synonyms: hidden
= Pyrus sinensis subsp. asiae-mediae Popov; Bull. Applied Bot., Leningrad 22: no. 3, 426, in clavi (1929)
species :
Pyrus betulifolia Bunge; Mem. Div. Sav. Acad. Sci. St. Pertersb. 2: 101 (1835)
Distribution: China (Anhui, Gansu, Guizhou, Hebei, Henan, Hubei, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Zhejiang); Tibet
36 CHI TIB
Synonyms: hidden
= Aria betulifolia (Bunge) M.Roem.; Syn. 3: Rosifl. 124 (1847)
= Malus betulifolia (Bunge) Wenz.; Eichler Jahrb. Berl. 2: 292 (1883)
= Pyrus betulifolia Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 6(2): 69 (1906)
= Sorbus betulaefolia (Bunge) S.Schauer; Übers. Arbeiten Veränd. Schles. Ges. Vaterl. Cult. 1847: 292 (1848)
species :
Pyrus boissieriana Boiss. & Buhse; Nouv. Mem. Soc. Nat. Mosc. 12: 87 (1860)
Distribution: Turkmenistan; Azerbaijan; Turkey (SSW-Anatolia); Iran (N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan); Bolivia [c]
32 TKM 33 AZE 34 IRN TUR 83 bol
Synonyms: hidden
= Pyrus boissieriana subsp. crenulata Browicz; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 31: 322 (1972)
= Pyrus cordata Decne.; Jard. Fruit. 1: 330, t. 3 (1871)
= Pyrus cordata subsp. boissieriana (Buhse) Ugurlu & Dönmez; Turkish J. Bot. 39(5): 846 (2015)
= Pyrus serikensis Güner & H.Duman; Karaca Arb. Mag. 2: 166 (1994), nom. nov. for P. boissierana subsp. crenulata Browicz
species :
Pyrus bourgaeana Decne.; Jard. Fruit. 1: t. 2 (1871)
Distribution: Portugal; W-Spain; Morocco
12 POR SPA 20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Pyrus bourgaeana f. triloba (P.Silva & Fontes) P.Silva; Agron. Lusit. 34(3): 188 (1972 publ. 1973)
= Pyrus bourgaeana subsp. mamorensis (Trab.) Rivas Mart., Molero Mesa, Marfíl & G.Benítez; Naturalia Cantabricae 8 Esp.(3): 120 (2020)
= Pyrus communis f. triloba P.Silva & Fontes; Agron. Lusit. 13: 80 (1951)
= Pyrus communis proles bourgaeana (Decne.) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 6(2): 64 (1906)
= Pyrus communis proles mariana (Willk.) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 6(2): 64 (1906)
= Pyrus communis subsp. bourgaeana (Decne.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 240 (1878)
= Pyrus communis subsp. mamorensis (Trab.) Maire; Fl. Afrique N. 15: 112 (1980)
= Pyrus communis subsp. mariana (Willk.) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 6(2): 64 (1906)
= Pyrus communis var. bourgaeana (Decne.) Laguna; Fl. Forest. Españ. 2: 193 (1890)
= Pyrus communis var. brevipes (Emb. & Maire) Maire; Fl. Afrique N. 15: 113 (1980), nom. illeg.
= Pyrus communis var. mariana Willk.; Linnaea 25: 25 (1852)
= Pyrus communis var. marianica Willk. ex Rivas Goday; Anales Inst. Bot. Cavanilles 17(2): cuadro 7º ad pág. 344 (1959), nomen
= Pyrus mamorensis Trab.; Bull. Stat. Recherch. Forest. Nord Afr. 1: Fasc. 4, 118, 120 (1916)
= Pyrus mamorensis var. brevipes Emb. & Maire; Nem. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc 21-22: 34 (1930)
= Pyrus pyraster subsp. mariana (Willk.) Terpó; Kert. Szölész. Föisk. Évk. 22: 95 (1958 publ. 1960)
species :
Pyrus bretschneideri Rehder; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 50: 231 (1915)
Distribution: China (Gansu, Hebei, Henan, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Xinjiang)
36 CHI
species :
Pyrus browiczii Mulk.; Dokl. Akad. Nauk Armyanskoi S.S.R. 48(4): 235 (1969)
Distribution: Armenia
33 ARM
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Pyrus calleryana Decne.; Jard. Fruit. 1: 329 (1871-72)
Name: Callery pear
Distribution: China (Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shandong, Zhejiang); Japan (Honshu); Taiwan; Laos; Vietnam; USA [I] (Alabama [I], Arkansas [I], District of Columbia [I], Delaware [I], Florida [I], Georgia [I], Illinois [I], Indiana [I], Kentucky [I], Louisiana [I], Maryland [I], Mississippi [I], North Carolina [I], New Jersey [I], Ohio [I], Oklahoma [I], Pennsylvania [I], South Carolina [I], Texas [I], Virginia [I], West Virginia [I])
36 CHI 38 JAP TAI 41 LAO VIE 74 usa 75 usa 77 usa 78 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Pyrus calleryana f. graciliflora Rehder; J. Arnold Arbor. 2: 61 (1920)
= Pyrus calleryana f. tomentella Rehder; J. Arnold Arbor. 2: 61 (1920)
= Pyrus calleryana var. dimorphophylla (Makino) Koidz.; J. Coll. Sci. Imp. Univ. Tokyo 34(2): 56 (1913)
= Pyrus calleryana var. graciliflora (Rehder) Rehder; Man. Cult. Trees: 407 (1927)
= Pyrus calleryana var. tomentella (Rehder) Rehder; Man. Cult. Trees: 407 (1927)
= Pyrus dimorphophylla Makino; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 22: 65 (1908)
= Pyrus kawakamii Hayata; J. Coll. Sci. Imp. Univ. Tokyo 30(1): 99-100 (1911)
= Pyrus mairei H.Lév.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 189 (1913)
= Pyrus tsiukyoenesis Koidz.; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 39: 27 (1925)
variant :
var. fauriei (C.K.Schneid.) Rehder; J. Arnold Arbor. 2: 61 (1920)
Distribution: North Korea; South Korea
38 KOR NKO
Synonyms: hidden
= Pyrus fauriei C.K.Schneid.; Ill. Handb. Laubholzk. 1: 666 (1906)
= Pyrus fauriei var. major Nakai; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 31: (331) (1917)
= Pyrus fauriei var. pyriformis Nakai ex T.Mori; Enum. Pl. Corea: 193 (1922)
variant :
var. integrifolia T.T.Yu; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 8(3): 232 (1963)
Distribution: China (Jiangsu, Zhejiang)
36 CHI
variant :
var. koehnei (C.K.Schneid.) T.T.Yu; Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 36: 370 (1974)
Distribution: China (Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi. Zhejiang)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Pyrus koehnei C.K.Schneid.; Ill. Handb. Laubholzk. 1: 665, f. 363m, 364t-u (1906)
variant :
var. lanceata Rehder; J. Arnold Arbor. 7(1): 28 (1926)
Distribution: China (Anhui, Fujian, Zhejiang)
36 CHI
species :
Pyrus castribonensis Raimondo, Schicchi & Mazzola; Naturalista Sicil. 30(3-4): 365 (2006)
Distribution: Sicily
13 SIC
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Pyrus chosrovica Gladkova; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 27: 70 (1990)
Distribution: Armenia
33 ARM
species :
Pyrus ciancioi P.Marino, G.Castellano, Raimondo & Spadaro; Pl. Biosystems 146(3): 654 (2012)
Distribution: Sicily
13 SIC
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Pyrus communis L.; Sp. Pl. 479, 1200 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. communis
Name: Kultur-Birne (DE); Common pear (EN); Peral (ES)
Distribution: Northern Ireland [c]; Norway [c]; Sweden [c]; Luxembourg [c]; Germany [c]; Switzerland [c]; Austria [c]; Poland [c]; Czech Republic [c]; Hungary [c]; Portugal [c]; Spain [c]; France [c]; Channel Isl. [c]; Corsica [c]; Sardinia [c]; Italy [c]; Sicily [c]; Malta [c]; San Marino [c]; Slovenia [c]; Croatia [c]; Bosnia & Hercegovina [c]; North Macedonia [c]; Albania [c]; Romania [c]; Bulgaria [c]; European Turkey; Greece [c]; Crete [c]; Estonia [c]; Latvia [c]; Lithuania [c]; Moldova [c]; Ukraine [c]; Crimea [c]; Morocco [c]; Algeria [c]; Tunisia [c]; Libya [c]; Madeira [c] (Madeira Isl. [c]); Canary Isl. [c] (Tenerife [c]); South Africa [c]; Turkmenistan [c]; Uzbekistan [c]; Tajikistan [c]; Georgia [Caucasus] [c]; East Aegaean Isl. [c] (incl. Rhodos [c]); Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Cyprus [c]; Yemen; China [c]; South Korea [c]; Pakistan [c]; Bhutan [c]; India [c]; Sri Lanka [c]; Myanmar [c]; Java [c]; Australia [c] (South Australia [c]); New Zealand [c]; Canada [c] (British Columbia [c], Nova Scotia [c], Ontario [c]); USA [c] (Alabama [c], Arkansas [c], California [c], Connecticut [c], District of Columbia [c], Delaware [c], Florida [c], Georgia [c], Iowa [c], Idaho [c], Illinois [c], Indiana [c], Kansas [c], Kentucky [c], Louisiana [c], Massachusetts [c], Maryland [c], Maine [c], Michigan [c], Missouri [c], Mississippi [c], Montana [c], North Carolina [c], New Hampshire [c], New Jersey [c], New Mexico [c], New York [c], Ohio [c], Oregon [c], Pennsylvania [c], Rhode Island [c], South Carolina [c], Tennessee [c], Texas [c], Utah [c], Virginia [c], Vermont [c], Washington State [c], Wisconsin [c], West Virginia [c]); Mexico [c]; Honduras [c]; Cuba [c]; Dominican Republic [c]; Haiti [c]; Colombia [c]; Ecuador [c]; Peru [c]; Bolivia [c]
10 ire nor swe 11 aut cze ger hun lux pol swi 12 cis cor fra por sar spa 13 alb bih bul cro grc ita kri mlt nma rom sic slv sma TUE 14 est kry lat lit mld ukr 20 alg lby mor tun 21 cny mdr 27 saf 32 tkm tzk uzb 33 geo 34 cyp eai IRQ TUR 35 YEM 36 chi 38 kor 40 bhu ind pak srl 41 mya 42 jaw 50 aus 51 nzl 71 cdn 72 cdn 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa 79 mex 80 hon 81 cub his 82 clm 83 bol ecu per
Remarks: communis agg. Many garden varieties, forms and old names not listed
Synonyms: hidden
= Crataegus excelsa Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 357 (1796), nom. illeg.
= Malus communis (L.) Poir.; Lam., Encycl. 5: 560 (1804), nom. illeg.
= Pyrenia pyrus Clairv.; Man. Herb. 161 (1811), nom. illeg.
= Pyrus ambrosiaca Poit. & Turpin; Duhamel, Traité Arbr. Fruit. 4: no. 2 (1830)
= Pyrus anglica Druce; List Brit. Pl.: 41 (1928), nom. illeg.
= Pyrus anglica Poit. & Turpin; Duhamel, Traité Arbr. Fruit. 4: no. 15 (1809)
= Pyrus aurantium Poit. & Turpin; Duhamel, Traité Arbr. Fruit. 4: no. 64 (1826)
= Pyrus balansae Decne.; Jard. Fruit. 1: [319], t. 6 (1871)
= Pyrus communis convar. sinensis (L.) Terpó; 78 (1985), nom. inval.
= Pyrus communis subsp. amphigenea (Domin ex Dostílek) B.Bock; Evaxiana 8: 225 (2021)
= Pyrus communis subsp. australeuropaea Tuz; Wulff, Kul´t. Fl. SSSR 14: 179 (1983)
= Pyrus communis subsp. bergamotia Ruellius ex Schübl. & G.Martens; 322 (1834)
= Pyrus communis subsp. dolabelliana Schübl. & G.Martens; 320 (1834)
= Pyrus communis subsp. domestica (Borkh.) Domin; Vestn. Král. Ceské Spolecn. Nauk. Tr. Mat.-Prír. 1944(32): 12 (1946)
= Pyrus communis subsp. favonia (L.) Schübl. & G.Martens; 321 (1834)
= Pyrus communis subsp. globosa Schübl. & G.Martens; 322 (1834)
= Pyrus communis subsp. medioasiatica Tuz; Wulff, Kul´t. Fl. SSSR 14: 180 (1983)
= Pyrus communis subsp. orientaleuropaea Tuz; Wulff, Kul´t. Fl. SSSR 14: 180 (1983)
= Pyrus communis subsp. oviformis Schübl. & G.Martens; 321 (1834)
= Pyrus communis subsp. pompejana (L.) Schübl. & G.Martens; 321 (1834)
= Pyrus communis subsp. rufescens (Pers.) Schübl. & G.Martens; 320 (1834)
= Pyrus communis subsp. salerna (L.) Schübl. & G.Martens; 323 (1834)
= Pyrus communis subsp. sativa (DC.) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 6(2): 63 (1906)
= Pyrus communis subsp. transcaucasica Tuz; Wulff, Kul´t. Fl. SSSR 14: 180 (1983)
= Pyrus communis subsp. vinifera Schübl. & G.Martens; 319 (1834)
= Pyrus communis var. aestivalis Siebold; Verh. Batav. Genootsch. Kunsten 12: 66 (1830)
= Pyrus communis var. ambigua (Gillot) Rouy & E.G.Camus; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 7: 13 (1901)
= Pyrus communis var. asperma Domin; Vestn. Král. Ceské Spolecn. Nauk. Tr. Mat.-Prír. 1944(32): 14 (1946)
= Pyrus communis var. azarifolia Durieu; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 7: 31 (1860)
= Pyrus communis var. azarolifera Durieu; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 5: 726 (1858)
= Pyrus communis var. brevipes Borbás; Magyar Tud. Akad. Értes. 18: 98 (1881)
= Pyrus communis var. brevipetiolata Cout.; Fl. Portugal: 290 (1913)
= Pyrus communis var. cerasocarpa (Morog.) Rouy & E.G.Camus; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 7: 11 (1901)
= Pyrus communis var. cultrensis (Godr.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur., Suppl. 2: 118 (1889)
= Pyrus communis var. depressa (Gillot) Domin; Vestn. Král. Ceské Spolecn. Nauk. Tr. Mat.-Prír. 1944(32): 9 (1946)
= Pyrus communis var. depressa (Gillot) Rouy & E.G.Camus; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 7: 13 (1901)
= Pyrus communis var. deseglisei Rouy & E.G.Camus; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 7: 11 (1901)
= Pyrus communis var. desvauxii Rouy & E.G.Camus; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 7: 12 (1901)
= Pyrus communis var. dispar (Gillot) Rouy & E.G.Camus; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 7: 11 (1901)
= Pyrus communis var. domestica (Borkh.) Lej. & Courtois; Comp. Fl. Belg. 2: 136 (1831)
= Pyrus communis var. elliptica (Gillot) Rouy & E.G.Camus; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 7: 11 (1901)
= Pyrus communis var. fascicularis Lavallée; Énum. Arbres: 104 (1877), nomen
= Pyrus communis var. fastigiata Domin; Vestn. Král. Ceské Spolecn. Nauk. Tr. Mat.-Prír. 1944(32): 14 (1946)
= Pyrus communis var. folimancensis Domin; Vestn. Král. Ceské Spolecn. Nauk. Tr. Mat.-Prír. 1944(32): 6 (1946)
= Pyrus communis var. gillotii Rouy & E.G.Camus; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 7: 11 (1901)
= Pyrus communis var. glabra (W.D.J.Koch) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 6(2): 62 (1906)
= Pyrus communis var. globularis Domin; Vestn. Král. Ceské Spolecn. Nauk. Tr. Mat.-Prír. 1944(32): 8 (1946)
= Pyrus communis var. hortensis Beck; Fl. Nieder-Österreich 2(1): 709 (1892)
= Pyrus communis var. incrassata (Gillot) Rouy & E.G.Camus; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 7: 11 (1901)
= Pyrus communis var. inermis Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 563 (1821 publ. 1822)
= Pyrus communis var. integrifolia Domin; Vestn. Král. Ceské Spolecn. Nauk. Tr. Mat.-Prír. 1944(32): 14 (1946)
= Pyrus communis var. lagenaria (Gillot) Rouy & E.G.Camus; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 7: 11 (1901)
= Pyrus communis var. latifrons Domin; Vestn. Král. Ceské Spolecn. Nauk. Tr. Mat.-Prír. 1944(32): 15 (1946)
= Pyrus communis var. linearis (J.R.Booth ex G.Kirchn.) Domin; Vestn. Král. Ceské Spolecn. Nauk. Tr. Mat.-Prír. 1944(32): 15 (1946)
= Pyrus communis var. linearis J.R.Booth ex G.Kirchn.; Petzold & Kirchner, Arbor. Muscav.: 313 (1864)
= Pyrus communis var. linearis Lavallée; Énum. Arbres: 104 (1877), nomen
= Pyrus communis var. liquescens Pers.; 40 (1806)
= Pyrus communis var. longicaudis (Gillot) Rouy & E.G.Camus; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 7: 11 (1901)
= Pyrus communis var. longipetiolata Cout.; Fl. Portugal: 290 (1913)
= Pyrus communis var. medioxima (Gillot) Rouy & E.G.Camus; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 7: 13 (1901)
= Pyrus communis var. mespilocarpa (Morog.) Rouy & E.G.Camus; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 7: 11 (1901)
= Pyrus communis var. microcarpa Cout.; Fl. Portugal: 290 (1913)
= Pyrus communis var. microphylla (Gillot) Rouy & E.G.Camus; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 7: 13 (1901)
= Pyrus communis var. multiplex Burgsd.; 193 (1787), nom. inval.
= Pyrus communis var. nana (Dippel) Domin; Vestn. Král. Ceské Spolecn. Nauk. Tr. Mat.-Prír. 1944(32): 15 (1946)
= Pyrus communis var. nana Dippel; Handb. Laubholzk. 3: 359 (1893)
= Pyrus communis var. nivalis (Jacq.) Fiori; Fiori et al., Fl. Anal. Italia 1: 599 (1898)
= Pyrus communis var. ovalis (Gillot) Rouy & E.G.Camus; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 7: 13 (1901)
= Pyrus communis var. platycarpa (Gillot) Domin; Vestn. Král. Ceské Spolecn. Nauk. Tr. Mat.-Prír. 1944(32): 9 (1946)
= Pyrus communis var. platycarpa (Gillot) Rouy & E.G.Camus; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 7: 13 (1901)
= Pyrus communis var. pompejana L.; Sp. Pl.: 479 (1753)
= Pyrus communis var. praecox Lavallée; Énum. Arbres: 104 (1877), nomen
= Pyrus communis var. pseudocydonia (Kuntze) Domin; Vestn. Král. Ceské Spolecn. Nauk. Tr. Mat.-Prír. 1944(32): 14 (1946)
= Pyrus communis var. quercifolia Lavallée; Énum. Arbres: 104 (1877), nomen
= Pyrus communis var. rotundata (Gillot) Rouy & E.G.Camus; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 7: 11 (1901)
= Pyrus communis var. sabauda Decne.; Jard. Fruit. 1: t. 1 (1871)
= Pyrus communis var. salerna L.; Sp. Pl.: 479 (1753)
= Pyrus communis var. sativa DC.; Lam. & A. DC., Fl. Franç., éd. 3 4: 430 (1805)
= Pyrus communis var. savonia L.; Sp. Pl.: 479 (1753)
= Pyrus communis var. serrata Borbás; Magyar Tud. Akad. Értes. 18: 98 (1881)
= Pyrus communis var. sinensis Wenz. ex Koidz.; J. Coll. Sci. Imp. Univ. Tokyo 34(2): 53 (1913), nomen
= Pyrus communis var. slovenica (Domin) Domin; Vestn. Král. Ceské Spolecn. Nauk. Tr. Mat.-Prír. 1944(32): 6 (1946)
= Pyrus communis var. striata Domin; Vestn. Král. Ceské Spolecn. Nauk. Tr. Mat.-Prír. 1944(32): 15 (1946)
= Pyrus communis var. subrotundata Cout.; Fl. Portugal: 290 (1913)
= Pyrus communis var. trilobata Dippel; Handb. Laubholzk. 3: 359 (1893)
= Pyrus communis var. turbinata Domin; Vestn. Král. Ceské Spolecn. Nauk. Tr. Mat.-Prír. 1944(32): 6 (1946)
= Pyrus communis var. variegata (Kuntze) Domin; Vestn. Král. Ceské Spolecn. Nauk. Tr. Mat.-Prír. 1944(32): 15 (1946)
= Pyrus communis var. variegata Lavallée; Énum. Arbres: 104 (1877), nomen
= Pyrus communis var. vittata Domin; Vestn. Král. Ceské Spolecn. Nauk. Tr. Mat.-Prír. 1944(32): 15 (1946)
= Pyrus communis var. volema L.; Sp. Pl.: 479 (1753)
= Pyrus domestica (Borkh.) Medik.; Gesch. Bot.: 87 (1793), nom. illeg.
= Pyrus domestica Medik.; 87 (1793), nom. inval.
= Pyrus elata Rubtzov; Bot. Mater. Gerb. Bot. Inst. Komarova Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R. 9: 72 (1941)
= Pyrus moschata Poit. & Turpin; Pomol. Franç. 3: Poirier no. 60 (1846)
= Pyrus papulata Poit. & Turpin; Duhamel, Traité Arbr. Fruit. 4: no. 63 (1827)
= Pyrus pompeiana Poit. & Turpin; Duhamel, Traité Arbr. Fruit. 4: no. 28 (1810)
= Pyrus sativa (Duhamel ex DC.) Holandre; Fl. Moselle 2: 605 (1829)
= Pyrus sosnovskyi Fed.; Sb. Nauchn. Tr. Bot. O- Va Arm. SSR i Arm. Akad. Nauk 1: 3 (1938)
= Pyrus vsevolodovii T.S.Heideman; Izv. Azerbaidzhansk. Fil. 1941(2): 77, fig. (1941)
= Sorbus pyrus Crantz; Stirp. Austr. ed. I. fasc. 2: 56 (1763), ed. II. 93, nom. illeg.
subspecies :
subsp. caucasica (Fed.) Browicz; Fl. Turkey & E. Aegaean l. s. 4: 163 (1972)
Distribution: Crimea; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (Anatolia); Iran
14 KRY 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Pyrus caucasica Fed.; Grossh., Fl. Kavk. ed. 2, 5: 421 (1952)
= Pyrus caucasica var. schuntukensis Tuz; Trudy Prikl. Bot. Genet. Selek. 46(2): 83 (1972)
species :
Pyrus cordata Desv.; Obs. Pl. Env. Angers 152 (1818)
Distribution: England [I]; Portugal; Spain; France; Morocco; Algeria
10 grb 12 FRA POR SPA 20 ALG MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Malus longipes Wenz.; Jahrb. Königl. Bot. Gart. Berlin 2: 292 (1883)
= Pyrus communis subsp. cordata (Desv.) P.Fourn.; Fl. Algèrie [Quézel & Santa] 1: 460 (1962)
= Pyrus communis subsp. gharbiana (Trab.) Maire; Fl. Afrique N. 15: 113 (1980)
= Pyrus communis subsp. longipes (Wenz.) Maire; Fl. Afrique N. 15: 113 (1980)
= Pyrus communis var. briggsii Syme; Rep. Bot. Exch. Club Brit. Isles 1870: 11 (1871)
= Pyrus communis var. cordata (Desv.) Mérat; Nouv. Fl. Env. Paris, ed. 2, 2: 296 (1821)
= Pyrus communis var. parvifolia Gand.; Herb. Pyr.: 40 (1884), nomen
= Pyrus cordata subsp. briggsii (Syme) Coombe & P.D.Sell; Fl. Gr. Brit. Ireland 2: 521 (2014)
= Pyrus cossonii Rehder; J. Arnold Arbor. 27: 317 (1946)
= Pyrus gharbiana Trab.; Bull. Stat. Recherch. Forest. Nord Afr. 1: Fasc. 4, 117, 120 (1916)
= Pyrus longipes Coss. & Durieu; Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 2: 310 (1855), nom. illeg.
= Pyrus macropoda Rehder; J. Arnold Arbor. 27: 170 (1946)
= Pyrus pyraster var. cordata (Desv.) Gillot; Rev. Bot. Bull. Mens. 1: 269 (1883)
species :
Pyrus cordifolia Zamani & Attar; Nordic J. Bot. 34(6): 739 (2016)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Pyrus costata Sumnev.; Fl. Uzbekist. 3: 272, 795 (1955)
Distribution: Uzbekistan
32 UZB
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Pyrus demetrii Kuth.; Not. Syst. Geogr. Inst. Bot. Tphilis., Fasc. 13, 25 (1947)
Distribution: Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia
33 ARM GEO
Synonyms: hidden
= Pyrus georgica var. glabra Kuth.; Zametki Sist. Geogr. Rast. 8: 16 (1939)
species :
Pyrus elaeagrifolia Pall.; Nova Acta Acad. Sci. Petrop. 7: 355 (1789)
subspecies :
subsp. elaeagrifolia
Distribution: Albania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Crimea; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia)
13 ALB BUL TUE 14 KRY 34 TUR
Remarks: communis agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Malus nivalis Desf. ex Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 2: 93 (1841), nomen
= Pyrus elaeagrifolia f. obovata Diap.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 34: 37 (1933)
= Pyrus elaeagrifolia var. pontica Hausskn. & Bornm. ex Diap.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 34: 37 (1933)
= Pyrus elaeagrifolia var. tomentosa Wenz.; Linnaea 38: 24 (1873)
= Pyrus nivalis var. elaeagrifolia (Pall.) C.K.Schneid.; Ill. Handb. Laubholzk. 1: 658 (1906)
= Pyrus saracenia K.Koch; Dendrol. 1: 219 (1869)
subspecies :
subsp. bulgarica (Kuth. & Sachokia) Vulev; Fl. Nar. Republ. Bulgariya 5: 338 (1973)
Distribution: Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece; Turkey (WN-Anatolia)
13 BUL GRC ROM TUE 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Pyrus bulgarica Kuth. & Sachokia; Not. Syst. Geogr. Inst. Bot. Thbiliss., Fasc. 26, 80 (1967)
subspecies :
subsp. kotschyana (Boiss. ex Decne) Browicz; Fl. Turkey & E. Aegaean I,s. 4: 167 (1972)
Distribution: Armenia; Turkey (Anatolia)
33 ARM 34 TUR
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
Synonyms: hidden
= Pyrus elaeagrifolia f. taochia (Woronow) Diap.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 34: 37 (1933)
= Pyrus elaeagrifolia var. kotschyana (Boiss. ex Decne.) Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 2: 654 (1872)
= Pyrus kotschyana Boiss. ex Decne.; Jard. Fruit. 1: t. 18 (1871)
= Pyrus nivalis var. kotschyana (Boiss. ex Decne.) C.K.Schneid.; Ill. Handb. Laubholzk. 1: 659 (1906)
= Pyrus taochia Woronow; Bull. Applied Bot. 1924-25 14: no. 3, 86 (1925), et Bull. Jard. Bot. Princ. URSS 26: 609 (1927)
species :
Pyrus eldarica Grossh.; Izv. Azerbaidzhansk. AN SSSR 10: 35 (1944)
Distribution: Georgia [Caucasus]; Azerbaijan
33 AZE GEO
species :
Pyrus farsistanica Browicz; Arbor. Kórnickie 27: 27 (1982 publ. 1983)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Pyrus fedorovii Kuth.; Not. Syst. Geogr. Inst. Bot. Tphilis., Fasc. 13, 27 (1947)
Distribution: Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia
33 ARM GEO
species :
Pyrus ferganensis Vassilcz.; Byull. Mosk. Obshch. Ispyt. Prir., Biol. 84(4): 108 (1979)
Distribution: Uzbekistan
32 UZB
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Pyrus georgica Kuth.; Zametki Sist. Geogr. Rast. 8: 13 (1939)
Distribution: Georgia [Caucasus]
33 GEO
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Pyrus gergeriana Gladkova; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 27: 70 (1990)
Distribution: Transcaucasus
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
Synonyms: hidden
= Pyrus gergeriana var. macrophylla Akopian; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 45: 36 (2014)
species :
Pyrus ghahremanii Attar & Zamani; Phyton (Horn) 49(1): 106 (2009)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Pyrus giffanica Zamani & Attar; Phyton (Horn) 49(1): 111 (2009)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Pyrus glabra Boiss.; Diagn. ser. 1, 6: 53 (1846)
Distribution: Iran (S-Iran, SW-Iran)
34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Pyrus syriaca subsp. glabra (Boiss.) Browicz; Arbor. Kórnickie 38: 24 (1993)
= Pyrus syriaca var. glabra (Boiss.) Wenz.; Linnaea 38: 26 (1873)
species :
Pyrus grossheimii Fedor.; Tr. Ann. Akad. Nauk URSS ser. biol. 2: 203 (1937)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Azerbaijan; NW-Iran
33 ARM AZE NCS 34 IRN
species :
Pyrus hajastana Mulk.; Dokl. Akad. Nauk Armyansk. SSR 48: 234 (1969)
Distribution: Armenia
33 ARM
species :
Pyrus hakkiarica Browicz; Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 31: 322 (1972)
Distribution: Turkey (SE-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Pyrus hopeiensis T.T.Yu; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 8(3): 232 (1963)
Distribution: China (Hebei, Shandong)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Pyrus hopeiensis var. peninsula D.K.Zang & W.D.Peng; Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin 17(1): 50-52, f. 1 (1997)
species :
Pyrus hyrcana Fedor.; Grossh., Fl. Kavk. ed. 2, 5. Comment.: 421 (1952)
Distribution: Azerbaijan; Iran (NW-Iran)
33 AZE 34 IRN
variant :
var. yeghegisi Akopian; Takhtajania 7: 5 (2021)
Distribution: Armenia
33 ARM
species :
Pyrus jacquemontiana Decne.; Jard. Fruit. Mus. 1: t. 8 (1871-1872)
Distribution: India (Himachal Pradesh)
40 IND
species :
Pyrus kandevanica Ghahrem., Khat. & Mozaff.; Iranian J. Bot. 5(1): 2 (1991)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Pyrus ketzkhovelii S.Kuthath.; Not. Syst. Geogr. Inst. Bot. Tphilis., Fasc. 13, 23 (1947)
Distribution: Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia
33 ARM GEO
species :
Pyrus korshinskyi Litv.; Trav. Mus. Bot. Acad. Petersb. 1: 17 (1902)
Distribution: Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Afghanistan (Badakshan, Kunar / Nuristan, Herat)
32 KGZ TZK UZB 34 AFG
Synonyms: hidden
= Pyrus bucharica Litv.; Trudy Bot. Muz. Imp. Akad. Nauk 1: 18 (1902)
= Pyrus bucharica subsp. daschtidshumica Zaprjagaeva; Dikie Plodovo-Yagodn. Rast. Tadzhikist.: 323 (1964), nom. inval.
= Pyrus bucharica subsp. korshinskyi (Litv.) Zaprjagaeva; Dikie Plodovo-Yagodn. Rast. Tadzhikist.: 323 (1964)
= Pyrus bucharica var. diversifolia Popov; Trudy Prikl. Bot. 22: 400 (1929)
= Pyrus bucharica var. hissarica Kudr.; Nov. Dlya Kult. Vidy Grushi: 59 (1957)
= Pyrus bucharica var. simplicifolia Popov; Trudy Prikl. Bot. 22: 401 (1929)
= Pyrus erythrocarpa Vassilcz.; Referat. Nauch.-Issl. Rab. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Biol., 5 (1945 publ. 1947)
= Pyrus korshinskyi subsp. bucharica (Litv.) Bondarenko ex Korovina; Byull. Vses. Ord. Lenina Inst. Rast. N. I. Vavilov 81: 37 (1978)
= Pyrus korshinskyi subsp. daschtidshumica (Zaprjagaeva) Bondarenko ex Korovina; Byull. Vses. Ord. Lenina Inst. Rast. N. I. Vavilov 81: 37(1978) nom. inval.
= Pyrus korshinskyi var. glabrescens Popov; Trudy Prikl. Bot. 22: 403 (1929)
= Pyrus korshinskyi var. hissarica Kudr.; Kudrj., Plod. Shakhri. 1: 99 (1950)
= Pyrus korshinskyi var. media Popov; Trudy Prikl. Bot. 22: 403 (1929)
species :
Pyrus longipedicellata Zamani & Attar; Nordic J. Bot. 28(4): 484 (2010)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Pyrus mazanderanica Schönb.-Tem.; Rech.f., Fl. Iranica 66: 32, t. 7 (1969)
Distribution: Iran (EC-Iran, N-Iran)
34 IRN
species :
Pyrus medvedevii Rubtzov; Bot. Mater. Gerb. Bot. Inst. Komarova Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R. 9: 77 (1941)
Distribution: Transcaucasus
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
Synonyms: hidden
= Pyrus medvedevii Woronow ex Al.Fed.; Derev. Kustarnik. URSS 3: 413 (1954), nomen
species :
Pyrus megrica Gladkova; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 27: 72 (1990)
Distribution: Transcaucasus
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Pyrus neoserrulata I.M.Turner; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 51(5): 308 (2014), nom. nov.
Distribution: China (Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Zhejiang)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Pyrus serrulata Rehder; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 50: 234 (1915)
species :
Pyrus nivalis Jacq.; Fl. Austr. 2: 4 (1774)
Name: Schnee-Birne
Distribution: Belgium; Switzerland; Austria; Poland; Slovakia; Hungary; France; Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Serbia; Kosovo; Romania; Bulgaria; Crimea; Turkey (Anatolia); Bolivia [c]
11 AUT BGM HUN POL SLO SWI 12 FRA 13 BUL CRO ITA KOS ROM SLV SRB 14 KRY 34 TUR 83 bol
Remarks: communis agg. P. austriaca is sometimes separated and treated as a transitional form P. nivalis - P. communis.
Synonyms: hidden
= Crataegus salvifolia (DC.) Chalon; Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belg. 7: 174 (1868)
= Pyrus amygdaliformis subsp. salviifolia (DC.) Bonnier & Layens; Tabl. Syn. Pl. Vasc. France: 103 (1894)
= Pyrus armud Hausskn. & Bornm.; Mitt. Geogr. Ges. (Thüringen) Jena 9(Mitt. Bot. Ver.): 17 (1891)
= Pyrus austriaca A.Kern.; Sched. Fl. Exsicc. Austro-Hung. 15 (1896)
= Pyrus austriaca f. waisbeckeriana Terpó; Kert. Szölész. Föisk. Évk. 22: 144 (1958 publ. 1960)
= Pyrus austriaca var. balatonica Terpó; Kert. Szölész. Föisk. Évk. 22: 143 (1958 publ. 1960)
= Pyrus austriaca var. sooiana Terpó; Kert. Szölész. Föisk. Évk. 22: 140 (1958 publ. 1960)
= Pyrus communis subsp. nivalis (Jacq.) Gams; Hegi, Ill. Fl. Mitt.-Eur. 4: 697 (1922)
= Pyrus communis subsp. salviifolia (DC.) Gams; Hegi, Ill. Fl. Mitt.-Eur. 4: 697 (1922)
= Pyrus communis var. dasyphylla Tausch; Flora 21: 716 (1838)
= Pyrus dasyphylla (Tausch) Dostálek; Feddes Repert. 108: 356 (1997), nom. illeg.
= Pyrus elaeagrifolia var. armud (Hausskn. & Bornm.) Diap.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 34: 37 (1933)
= Pyrus nivalis f. austriaca (A.Kern.) C.K.Schneid.; Ill. Handb. Laubholzk. 1: 659 (1906)
= Pyrus nivalis proles austriaca (A.Kern.) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 6(2): 65 (1906)
= Pyrus nivalis subsp. austriaca (A.Kern.) Dostálek; Feddes Repert. 108: 352 (1997)
= Pyrus nivalis subsp. orientalis (Terpó) Terpó; Thaiszia 2: 47 (1992)
= Pyrus nivalis subsp. salviifolia (DC.) Binz & Thommen; Fl. Suisse: 190 (1941)
= Pyrus nivalis var. austriaca (A.Kern.) Rehder; Man. Cult. Trees: 404 (1927)
= Pyrus nivalis var. orientalis Terpó; Kert. Szölész. Föisk. Évk. 22: 108 (1958 publ. 1960)
= Pyrus nivalis var. salviifolia (DC.) Rouy & E.G.Camus; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 7: 14 (1901)
= Pyrus nivalis var. slavonica (Kit.) Terpó; Kert. Szölész. Föisk. Évk. 22: 124 (1958 publ. 1960)
= Pyrus salviifolia DC.; Prodr. 2: 634 (1825)
= Pyrus ×nivalis nothosubsp. austriaca (A.Kern.) Dostálek; Feddes Repert. 108(5-6): 352 (1997)
species :
Pyrus nutans Rubtzov; Bot. Mater. Gerb. Bot. Inst. Komarova Akad. Nauk SSSR 9: 74 (1941)
Distribution: Armenia; Azerbaijan
33 ARM AZE
species :
Pyrus oxyprion Woronow; Bull. Applied Bot. 1924-25 14: no. 3, 86 (1925), et Bull. Jard. Bot. Princ. URSS 26: 608 (1927)
Distribution: Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (NE-Anatolia)
33 ARM AZE GEO 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Pyrus syriaca var. oxyprion (Woronow) Diap.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 34: 38 (1933)
species :
Pyrus pashia Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don; Prodr. Fl. Nep. 236 (1825)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Kunar / Nuristan); China (Guizhou, Sichuan, Yunnan); Pakistan (Chitral, Swat, Hazara, Murree, Mirpur); Nepal; Bhutan; N-India (Jammu & Kashmir, Sikkim); Myanmar (Chin, Kachin, Mandalay, Shan); Thailand; Laos; Vietnam
34 AFG 36 CHI 40 BHU IND NEP PAK 41 LAO MYA THA VIE
Synonyms: hidden
= Aria crenata (D.Don) Decne.; Nouv. Arch. Mus. Hist. Nat. 10: 162 (1874)
= Cormus crenata (D.Don) Koehne; Gartenfl. (1891) 59, et Deutsche Dendrol. 255 (1893)
= Malus pashia (Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don) Wenz.; Eichler Jahrb. Berl. 2: 292 (1883)
= Pyrus crenata D.Don; Prodr. Fl. Nepal.: 237 (1825)
= Pyrus nepalensis Buch.-Ham. ex Hook.f.; Fl. Brit. Ind. 2: 374 (1878)
= Pyrus nepalensis Hort ex Decne.; G. Fruit. 1: 328 1871 (1872), pro syn.
= Pyrus pashia var. semiaquatica A.Chev.; Rev. Bot. Appl. Agric. Trop. 22: 373 (1942)
= Pyrus pashia var. trigyna Decne.; Jard. Fruit.: 328, pl. 7 A 8 (1871-72)
= Pyrus variolosa Wall. ex G.Don; Gen. Syst. 2: 622 (1832), descr.
= Pyrus verruculosa Bertol.; Mem. Acad. Sci. Bolog. Ser. II. 4: 312 (1864)
= Sorbus crenata (D.Don) S.Schauer; Übers. Arbeiten Veränd. Schles. Ges. Vaterl. Cult. 1847: 292 (1848)
= Sorbus variolosa (Wall. ex G.Don) S.Schauer; Übers. Arbeiten Veränd. Schles. Ges. Vaterl. Cult. 1847: 292 (1848)
variant :
var. grandiflora Cardot; Notul. Syst. (Paris) 3: 346-347 (1918)
Distribution: China (Guizhou, Yunnan)
36 CHI
variant :
var. kumaoni (Decne. ex Hook.f.) Stapf; Bot. Mag. 135: t. 8256 (1909)
Distribution: China (Yunnan); N-India (Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Uttarakhand)
36 CHI 40 IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Pyrus kumaoni Decne. ex Hook.f.; Fl. Br. Ind. 2: 374 (1878)
= Pyrus wilhelmii C.K.Schneid.; Ill. Handb. Laubholzk. 1: 665, f. 383, n (1906)
variant :
var. obtusata Cardot; Notul. Syst. (Paris) 3: 346 (1918)
Distribution: China (Sichuan, Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Pyrus pedrottiana Raimondo, Venturella & Domina; Fl. Medit. 32: 26, figs. 1-4 (2022)
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Pyrus phaeocarpa Rehder; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 50: 235 (1915)
Distribution: China (Gansu, Hebei, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Xinjiang)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Pyrus phaeocarpa f. globosa Rehder; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 50: 236 (1915)
species :
Pyrus pseudopashia T.T.Yu; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 8(3): 232-233 (1963)
Distribution: China (Guizhou, Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Pyrus pyraster (L.) Burgsd.; Anleit. Erzieh. Holzart. 2: 193 (1787)
Name: Wild-Birne, Holzbirne (DE)
Distribution: ?England; Ireland [I]; ?Denmark; Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; Greece; Crete; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; European Russia; Moldova; Ukraine; Crimea; Madeira [I]; East Aegaean Isl.; Turkey (Anatolia)
10 ire 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 COR FRA SAR 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SRB 14 BLR EST KRY LAT LIT MLD RUS UKR 21 mdr 34 EAI TUR
Remarks: communis agg. There are doubts whether P. pyraster can reliably be separated from P. communis. Most likely it is only a wild variety.
Synonyms: hidden
= Pyrus achras Gaertn.; Fruct. 2: 44, t. 87 (1790), nom. illeg.
= Pyrus achras subsp. pyraster (L.) Wallr. ex Rothm.; Exkursionsfl. Kritischer: ? (1963), nomen
= Pyrus achras var. glabra (W.D.J.Koch) Murr; 167 (1923)
= Pyrus achras var. pyraster (L.) Soó; Magyar Fl. Veg. 2: 102 (1966), nomen
= Pyrus achras var. tomentosa (W.D.J.Koch) Murr; 167 (1923)
= Pyrus boraeana (Rouy & E.G.Camus) A.W.Hill; Index Kew., Suppl. 6: 170 (1926)
= Pyrus communis f. achras (Gaertn.) Kuntze; Taschen-Fl. Leipzig: 273 (1867)
= Pyrus communis proles achras Gaertn. ex Bonnier; Fl. Ill. France 4: 16 (1921), nom. illeg.
= Pyrus communis proles brachypoda (A.Kern. ex Wenz.) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 6(2): 62 (1906)
= Pyrus communis proles pyraster (L.) Rouy & E.G.Camus; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 7: 11 (1901)
= Pyrus communis subsp. achras (Gaertn.) Syme; Sm., Engl. Bot., ed. 3, 3: 252 (1864), nom. illeg.
= Pyrus communis subsp. boraeana (Rouy & E.G.Camus) Tourlet; Cat. Pl. Vasc. Indre-et-Loire: 203 (1908)
= Pyrus communis subsp. pyraster (L.) Ehrh.; Hannover. Mag. 1780(14): 223 (1780)
= Pyrus communis subsp. sylvestris Ehrh.; Beitr. Naturk. Verw. Wiss. 7: 51 (1792), nomen
= Pyrus communis var. achras (Gaertn.) Wallr.; Sched. Crit. 1: 213 (1822)
= Pyrus communis var. brachypoda (A.Kern. ex Wenz.) Domin; Vestn. Král. Ceské Spolecn. Nauk. Tr. Mat.-Prír. 1944(32): 5 (1946)
= Pyrus communis var. glabra W.D.J.Koch; Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv. 1: 235 (1836)
= Pyrus communis var. pyraster L.; 479 (1753)
= Pyrus communis var. sylvestris DC.; Lam. & A. DC., Fl. Franç., éd. 3 5: 430 (1805)
= Pyrus communis var. tomentosa W.D.J.Koch; Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv. 1: 235 (1836)
= Pyrus pyraster (L.) Medik.; Gesch. 87, Borkh. Roem. Arch. 1: III. 90 (1798), isonym
= Pyrus pyraster f. achras (Gaertn.) Terpó; Kert. Szölész. Föisk. Évk. 22: 75 (1958 publ. 1960)
= Pyrus pyraster subsp. achras (Gaertn.) Stohr; Feddes Repert. 88(78): 419 (1977), nom. illeg.
= Pyrus pyraster subsp. achras (Wallr.) Terpó; Feddes Repert. 96(1-2): 80 (1985)
= Pyrus pyraster var. achras (Gaertn.) Cinovskis; Fl. Baltiiskikh Respublik 2: 97 (1996)
= Pyrus pyraster var. brachypoda (A.Kern. ex Wenz.) Jáv.; Magyar Fl.: 476 (1924)
= Pyrus pyraster var. brachypoda (A.Kern. ex Wenz.) Terpó; Feddes Repert. 96: 79 (1985)
= Pyrus pyraster var. brevipes (Borbás) Terpó; Kert. Szölész. Föisk. Évk. 22: 85 (1958 publ. 1960)
= Pyrus pyraster var. budensis Pénzes; Agrártud. Egyet. Kert-Szölögazdaságtud. Karának Közlem. 13: 69 (1949)
= Pyrus pyraster var. elongata (Nyár.) Terpó; Feddes Repert. 96: 79 (1985)
= Pyrus pyraster var. gayeriana Terpó; Kert. Szölész. Föisk. Évk. 22: 89 (1958 publ. 1960)
= Pyrus pyraster var. hemisphaerica Terpó; Kert. Szölész. Föisk. Évk. 20: 25 (1956)
= Pyrus pyraster var. hungarica Pénzes; Agrártud. Egyet. Kert-Szölögazdaságtud. Karának Közlem. 13: 66 (1949)
= Pyrus pyraster var. javorkae Pénzes; Agrártud. Egyet. Kert-Szölögazdaságtud. Karának Közlem. 13: 70 (1949)
= Pyrus pyraster var. molnarii Pénzes; Agrártud. Egyet. Kert-Szölögazdaságtud. Karának Közlem. 13: 69 (1949)
= Pyrus pyraster var. nyaradyana Terpó; Kert. Szölész. Föisk. Évk. 22: 68 (1958 publ. 1960)
= Pyrus pyraster var. ovata Terpó; Kert. Szölész. Föisk. Évk. 22: 72 (1958 publ. 1960)
= Pyrus pyraster var. penzesiana Terpó; Kert. Szölész. Föisk. Évk. 22: 86 (1958 publ. 1960)
= Pyrus pyraster var. pseudobrachypoda Pénzes; Agrártud. Egyet. Kert-Szölögazdaságtud. Karának Közlem. 13: 69 (1949)
= Pyrus pyraster var. relicta Dostálek; Preslia 51(3): 209 (1979)
= Pyrus pyraster var. rossica (A.D.Danilov) Tuz; Wulff, Kul´t. Fl. SSSR 14: 155 (1983)
= Pyrus pyraster var. tomentosa (W.D.J.Koch) Dostálek; Preslia 63(2): 117 (1991)
= Pyrus pyraster var. vertesensis Pénzes; Agrártud. Egyet. Kert-Szölögazdaságtud. Karának Közlem. 13: 69 (1949)
= Pyrus pyraster var. zolyomii Pénzes; Agrártud. Egyet. Kert-Szölögazdaságtud. Karának Közlem. 13: 70 (1949)
= Pyrus rossica A.D.Danilov; Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad Sci. URSS 15: 126 (1953)
= Pyrus sylvestris Moench; 679 (1794), nom. illeg.
species :
Pyrus pyrifolia (Burm.f.) Nakai; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 40: 564 (1926)
Name: Nashi, Orientalische Birne, Oriental Pear
Distribution: Tajikistan [I]; China (Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang); North Korea; South Korea; Japan [I] (Honshu [I], Shikoku [I], Kyushu [I]); Taiwan [I]; India [I] (Meghalaya [I]); Vietnam [I]; USA [I] (District of Columbia [I], Illinois [I], Maryland [I], Virginia [I], West Virginia [I])
32 tzk 36 CHI 38 jap KOR NKO tai 40 ind 41 vie 74 usa 75 usa 78 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Ficus pyrifolia Burm.f.; Fl. Indica 226 (1768)
= Malus quinqueflora (Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don) M.Roem.; Fam. Nat. Syn. Monogr. 3: 216 (1847)
= Pyrus arakiana Koidz.; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 3: 40 (1934)
= Pyrus asakeensis Koidz.; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 6: 215 (1937)
= Pyrus autumnalis (Siebold) Koidz.; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 43: 383 (1929)
= Pyrus autumnalis f. discolor (Nakai) Koidz.; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 43: 384 (1929)
= Pyrus autumnalis f. hiemalis (Siebold) Koidz.; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 43: 384 (1929)
= Pyrus autumnalis f. pallescens (Nakai) Koidz.; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 43: 384 (1929)
= Pyrus autumnalis f. sieboldii Koidz.; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 43: 384 (1929)
= Pyrus babauttiagi Koidz.; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 1: 12 (1932)
= Pyrus communis var. autumnalis Siebold; Verh. Batav. Genootsch. Kunsten 12 1: 66 (1830)
= Pyrus communis var. hiemalis Siebold; Verh. Batav. Genootsch. Kunsten 12: 66 (1830)
= Pyrus communis var. sinensis K.Koch; Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 1: 248 (1864)
= Pyrus cuneata Koidz.; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 33: 125 (1919)
= Pyrus higoensis Koidz.; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 1: 13 (1932)
= Pyrus incubacea Koidz.; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 33: 124 (1919)
= Pyrus kiusiana Koidz.; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 38: 88 (1924)
= Pyrus kleinhofiana Koidz.; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 43: 384 (1929)
= Pyrus lakuhokuensis Koidz.; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 10: 60 (1941)
= Pyrus lasiogyna Koidz.; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 33: 125 (1919)
= Pyrus lasiogyna var. lanuginosa Nakai; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 33: 200 (1919)
= Pyrus lindleyi Rehder; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 50: 230 (1915)
= Pyrus malus var. sinensis (K.Koch) Wenz.; Linnaea 38: 34 (1873)
= Pyrus montana Nakai; Rep. Veg. Chiisan Mts. 84 (1915)
= Pyrus montana var. rehderi Nakai; Fl. Sylv. Kor. 6: 53 (1916)
= Pyrus nehiyamadonis Koidz.; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 8: 190 (1939)
= Pyrus pseudocalleryana Uyeki; Bull. Agric. Forest. Coll. Suigen (Suwon) 1: 15 (1925)
= Pyrus pseudouipongensis Uyeki; Bull. Agric. Forest. Coll. Suigen (Suwon) 1: 17 (1925)
= Pyrus pyrifolia var. montana (Nakai) Nakai; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 40: 565 (1926)
= Pyrus pyrifolia var. talyschensis Gladkova; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 25: 100 (1988)
= Pyrus saidaeana Koidz.; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 10: 60 (1941)
= Pyrus serotina Rehder; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 50: 231 (1915)
= Pyrus serotina var. culta (Makino) Rehder; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 50: 233 (1915)
= Pyrus serotina var. stapfiana Rehder; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 50: 233 (1916)
= Pyrus sinensis L.H.Bailey; Cycl. Amer. Hort. 3: 1470 (1901), nom. illeg.
= Pyrus sohayakiensis Koidz.; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 38: 87 (1924)
= Pyrus tajimaensis Koidz.; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 10: 59 (1941)
= Pyrus takuhokuensis Koidz., Acta Phytotax.Geobot.10: 60 (1941)
= Pyrus tambana Koidz.; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 38: 90 (1924)
= Pyrus tobisimensis Koidz.; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 5: 48 (1936)
= Pyrus togashiana Koidz.; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 5: 48 (1936)
= Pyrus tsuchiyana Koidz.; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 39: 27 (1925)
= Pyrus tungusiana Koidz.; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 5: 49 (1936)
= Pyrus uipongensis Uyeki; J. Chosen Agric. Soc. 16(1): 5 (1921)
= Pyrus umemurana Koidz.; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 39: 17 (1925)
= Pyrus yohrohensis Koidz.; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 6: 214 (1937)
species :
Pyrus raddeana Woronow; Trudy Prikl. Bot. Selekts. 14(3): 86 (1925)
Distribution: Transcaucasus
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
Synonyms: hidden
= Pyrus syriaca var. raddeana (Woronow) Diap.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 34: 38 (1933)
species :
Pyrus regelii Rehder; J. Arnold Arbor. 20: 97 (1939)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan
32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB
Synonyms: hidden
= Pyrus heterophylla var. koopmannii (Späth) Popov; Trudy Prikl. Bot. 22: 400 (1929)
= Pyrus heterophylla Regel & Schmalh.; Act. Hort. Petrop. 5: 581 (1877)
species :
Pyrus sachokiana Kuth.; Soobsc. Akad. Nauk Gruzinsk. SSR 3: 915 (1942)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]
33 GEO NCS
species :
Pyrus salicifolia Pall.; Reise 3: 734, t. N, f. 3 A, B (1776)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (E-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia); Iran (Iranian Aserbaijan)
33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Pyrus argyrophylla Diap.; Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 11: 884 (1933)
= Pyrus elaeagrifolia var. angustifolia Diap.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 34: 37 (1933)
= Pyrus salicifolia f. pendula (H.Jaeger) Geerinck; Taxonomaniac 1: 17 (2001)
= Pyrus salicifolia var. angustifolia (Diap.) Kuth.; Zametki Sist. Geogr. Rast. 8: 18 (1939)
= Pyrus salicifolia var. pendula H.Jaeger; Jaeger & Beissner, Ziergehölze Gärt. Parkanl., ed. 2: 241 (1884)
variant :
var. petiolaris Mulk. ex Akopian; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 45: 37 (2014)
Distribution: Armenia
33 ARM
variant :
var. serrulata Browicz; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 31(2): 323 (1972)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Pyrus sicanorum Raimondo, Schicchi & P.Marino; Fl. Medit. 16: 379 (2006)
Distribution: Sicily
13 SIC
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Pyrus spinosa Forssk.; Fl. Aegypt.-Arab. 211 (1775)
Name: Mandelblättrige Birne (DE); Almond-leaved Pear (EN)
Distribution: Spain; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Malta; San Marino; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (Inner Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia)
12 COR FRA SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MLT MNT NMA SIC SLV SMA SRB 34 EAI TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crataegus amygdaliformis (Vill.) Chalon; Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belg. 7: 174 (1868)
= Malus heterophylla Spach; Hist. Nat. Vég. 2: 138 (1834)
= Pyrus amygdaliformis var. cuneifolia Bean; Trees & Shrubs Brit. Isles 2: 273 (1914)
= Pyrus amygdaliformis var. cuneifolia Diap.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 34: 40 (1933), nom. illeg.
= Pyrus amygdaliformis var. eriopleura (Rchb.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 241 (1879)
= Pyrus amygdaliformis var. heterophylla (Spach) Dippel; Handb. Laubholzk. 3: 363 (1893)
= Pyrus amygdaliformis var. lanceolata Diap.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 34: 41 (1933)
= Pyrus amygdaliformis var. lobata (Decne.) Koehne; Dendrologie 1: 244 (1893)
= Pyrus amygdaliformis var. microphylla (Decne.) Diap.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 34: 40 (1933)
= Pyrus amygdaliformis var. oblongifolia (Spach) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 241 (1879)
= Pyrus amygdaliformis var. parviflora (Desf.) Hayek; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 30(1): 750 (1927)
= Pyrus amygdaliformis var. persica (Pers.) Bornm.; Verh. K. K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 60: 110 (1910)
= Pyrus amygdaliformis var. sinaica (Dum.Cours.) Diap.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 34: 40 (1933)
= Pyrus amygdaliformis var. triloba Bornm.; Bot. Centralbl. 36: 59 (1888)
= Pyrus amygdaliformis var. verrucosa N.Terracc.; Atti Real Ist. Incoragg. Sci. Nat. Napoli 4(3): 2 (1885)
= Pyrus amygdaliformis Vill.; Cat. Méth. Jard. Strasb. 323 (1807)
= Pyrus amygdaloides Link; Handbuch 2: 80 (1831)
= Pyrus communis subsp. amygdaliformis (Vill.) Braun-Blanq.; Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 21: 35 (1919)
= Pyrus communis var. amygdaliformis (Vill.) Fiori; Fiori et al., Fl. Anal. Italia 1: 599 (1898)
= Pyrus cuneifolia Guss.; Pl. Rar.: 202 (1826)
= Pyrus cuneifolia var. rotundata N.Terracc.; Atti Real Ist. Incoragg. Sci. Nat. Napoli 4(3): 3 (1885)
= Pyrus eriopleura Rchb.; Fl. Germ. Excurs. 2: 630 (1832)
= Pyrus heterophylla (Spach) Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 2: 423 (1841), nom. illeg.
= Pyrus nivalis Lindl.; Edwards´s Bot. Reg. 18: t. 1484 (1832) non Jacq.
= Pyrus oblongifolia Spach; Hist. Veg. Phan. 2: 128 (1834)
= Pyrus parviflora Desf.; Ann. Mus. Par. 12: 52 (1808)
= Pyrus parviflora var. amygdaliformis (Vill.) Decne.; Jard. Fruit. 1: 314, 315 (1872)
= Pyrus parviflora var. brachyclada Decne.; Jard. Fruit. 1: 314 (1871)
= Pyrus parviflora var. cuneifolia (Guss.) Decne.; Jard. Fruit. 1: 314 (1871)
= Pyrus parviflora var. lobata Decne.; Jard. Fruit. 1: 314 (1871)
= Pyrus parviflora var. microphylla Decne.; Jard. Fruit. 1: 314 (1871)
= Pyrus persica Pers.; Syn. Pl. 2: 40 (1806)
= Pyrus pyraina Raf.; Specchio Sci. 2: 173 (1814)
= Pyrus salicifolia var. amygdaliformis (Vill.) Griseb.; Spic. Fl. Rumel. 1: 92 (1843)
= Pyrus salicifolia var. parviflora (Desf.) Griseb.; Spic. Fl. Rumel. 1: 92 (1843)
= Pyrus salviifolia var. amygdaliformis (Vill.) Griseb.; Spic. Fl. Rumel. 1: 92 (1843)
= Pyrus sicula Tineo; Cat. Hort. Panorm. 208 (1827)
= Pyrus sinaica Thouin; Mém. Mus. Hist. Nat. 1: 170 (1815)
= Pyrus spinosa var. microphylla (Decne) Browicz; Arbor. Kornickie 22: 313 (1977)
= Pyrus spinosa var. microphylla (Decne.) Dostálek; Preslia 51(1): 32 (1979)
= Pyrus spinosa var. oblongifolia (Spach) Dostálek; Preslia 51(1): 32 (1979)
= Pyrus spinosa var. sinaica (Dum.Cours.) Dostálek; Preslia 51: 32 (1979)
species :
Pyrus syriaca Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Or. Nov. 2(10): 1 (1849)
Distribution: Armenia; Turkey (E-Anatolia, N-Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq); Iran (Iranian Aserbaijan, S-Iran, W-Iran); Cyprus (C-Mountains, S-Cyprus); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, NW-Syria, Jbel Druze); Israel (N-Israel, Judean Desert); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania)
33 ARM 34 CYP IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Pyrus angustifolia Decne.; Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 2, 4: 359 (1835), nom. illeg.
= Pyrus boveana Decne.; Jard. Fruit. 1: t. 10 (1871)
= Pyrus bovei Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 2: 423 (1841)
= Pyrus nobilis Kotschy; Mitt. Naturwiss. Vereins Aschaffenburg 14: 455 (1864)
= Pyrus syriaca var. abbreviata Bornm.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 39: 117 (1935)
= Pyrus syriaca var. angustifolia Wenz.; Linnaea 38: 26 (1873)
= Pyrus syriaca var. boveana (Decne.) Diap.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 34: 38 (1933)
variant :
var. microphylla Zohary ex Browicz; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 31(2): 322 (1972)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
variant :
var. pseudosyriaca (Gladkova) Ugurlu & Dönmez; Turkish J. Bot. 39(5): 844 (2015)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus
33 NCS
Synonyms: hidden
= Pyrus pseudosyriaca Gladkova; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 26: 107 (1989)
species :
Pyrus tadshikistanica Zaprjagaeva; Dikorast. Plodov. Tadzhikist. 377 (-380; fig. 177) (1964)
Distribution: Tajikistan
32 TZK
species :
Pyrus taiwanensis Iketani & H.Ohashi; J. Jap. Bot. 68(1): 40 (1993)
Distribution: Taiwan
38 TAI
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Pyrus takhtadzhianii Fed.; Trans. Armen. Branch Acad. Sci. USSR, Biol. Ser. 2: 208 (1937)
Distribution: Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan
33 ARM AZE GEO
Synonyms: hidden
= Pyrus takhtadzhianii var. macrophylla Mulk. ex Akopian; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 45: 37 (2014)
species :
Pyrus tamamschianae Fed.; Grossh., Fl. Kavk., ed. 2, 5: 422 (1952)
Distribution: Armenia
33 ARM
species :
Pyrus terpoi Arrigoni; Fl. Analítica Toscana 4: 471 (2018)
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Pyrus theodorovii Mulk.; Dokl. Akad. Nauk Armjansk. SSR 40: 249 (1965)
Distribution: Armenia
33 ARM
Synonyms: hidden
= Pyrus theodorovii var. latifolia Mulk. ex Akopian & Zamani; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 45: 37 (2014)
species :
Pyrus trilocularis D.K.Zang & P.C.Huang; Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin 12(4): 321-322, t. 1 (1992)
Distribution: China (Shandong)
36 CHI
species :
Pyrus turcomanica Maleev; Acta Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS, Ser. I. Fasc. 3, 196 (1937)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Kyrgyzstan; Uzbekistan; Armenia; Azerbaijan
32 KAZ KGZ TKM UZB 33 ARM AZE
species :
Pyrus tuskaulensis Vassilcz.; Byull. Mosk. Obshch. Ispyt. Prir., Biol. 84(4): 108 (1979)
Distribution: Kyrgyzstan
32 KGZ
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Pyrus ussuriensis Maxim.; Bull. Phys -Math. Acad. Petersb. 15: 132, 237 (1856), et in Prim. Fl. Amur. 102
Distribution: Russian Far East (Amur, Khabarovsk, Primorye); Uzbekistan [I]; Tajikistan; China (Gansu, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi); North Korea; South Korea; Japan (Honshu); Pakistan; India [I] (Himachal Pradesh [I]); Thailand; Vietnam [I]
31 RFE 32 TZK uzb 36 CHI 38 JAP KOR NKO 40 ind PAK 41 THA vie
Synonyms: hidden
= Pyrus acidula Nakai; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 30: 27 (1916)
= Pyrus acidula var. spontanea Nakai; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 49: 345 (1935)
= Pyrus amoena Koidz.; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 33: 124 (1919)
= Pyrus amoena Poit. & Turpin; Pomol. Franç. 3: Poirier no. 6 (1846)
= Pyrus aromatica f. iwatensis (Koidz.) Nakai; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 33: 199 (1919)
= Pyrus aromatica f. wayamana (Koidz.) Nakai; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 33: 199 (1919)
= Pyrus aromatica Kikuchi & Nakai; Bot. Mag., Tokyo 32: 33 (1918)
= Pyrus aromatica var. obovoidea (Koidz.) Nakai; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 33: 199 (1919)
= Pyrus cajon Zaprjagaeva; Dikorast. Plodov. Tadzhikist. 386 (-388
= Pyrus chinensis Roxb.; Hort. Beng. 38 (1814), Fl. Ind. 2: 511 (1824)
= Pyrus communis Thunb.; Fl. Jap. 207 (1784), nom. illeg.
= Pyrus communis var. ussurensis (Maxim.) Koidz.; J. Coll. Sci. Imp. Univ. Tokyo 34(2): 53 (1913)
= Pyrus crassipes Kikuchi & Nakai; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 32: 35 (1918)
= Pyrus ferruginea Koidz.; Bot. Mag. Tokyo 29: 158 (1915)
= Pyrus hakunensis Nakai; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 49: 346 (1935)
= Pyrus hondoensis Nakai & Kikuchi; Bot. Mag., Tokyo 32: 34 (1918)
= Pyrus hondoensis var. lasiogyna Nakai & Kikuchi; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 33: 199 (1919)
= Pyrus hondoensis var. microphylla Nakai & Kikuchi; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 33: 199 (1919)
= Pyrus insueta f. longepedunculata (Koidz.) Nakai; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 33: 200 (1919)
= Pyrus insueta Koidz.; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 33: 123 (1919)
= Pyrus insula Koidz.; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 33: 127 (1919)
= Pyrus insularis Koidz.; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 43: 385 (1929)
= Pyrus insulsa Koidz.; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 33: 127 (1919)
= Pyrus inutilis Koidz.; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 39: 16 (1925)
= Pyrus invicibilis Koidz.; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 5: 50 (1936)
= Pyrus iwatensis Koidz.; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 33: 127 (1919)
= Pyrus jucunda Koidz.; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 33: 128 (1919)
= Pyrus koshiensis Koidz.; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 8: 190 (1939)
= Pyrus kumaensis Koidz.; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 10: 59 (1941)
= Pyrus kunoriana Koidz.; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 3: 39 (1934)
= Pyrus leiostachya Koidz.; Fl. Bitchuensis 28 (1929)
= Pyrus longepedunculata Koidz.; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 33: 126 (1919)
= Pyrus macrostipes Nakai; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 30: 28 (1916)
= Pyrus mayebarana Koidz.; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 1: 13 (1932)
= Pyrus mayebaratorii Koidz.; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 10: 58 (1941)
= Pyrus mikado Koidz.; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 38: 89 (1924)
= Pyrus nambuana Koidz.; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 33: 128 (1919)
= Pyrus nankaiensis Nakai; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 49: 346 (1935)
= Pyrus oblongolanceolata Koidz.; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 10: 59 (1941)
= Pyrus obovoidea Koidz.; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 33: 123 (1919)
= Pyrus oncocarpa Koidz.; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 5: 49 (1936)
= Pyrus ovoidea Rehder; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 50: 228 (1915)
= Pyrus prematura Nakai; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 30: 27 (1916)
= Pyrus roxburghii K.Koch; Hort. Dendrol. 183, no. 42 (1853)
= Pyrus rufoferruginea Koidz.; Bot. Mag., Tokyo 29: 311 (1915)
= Pyrus rufoferruginea var. aromatica (Kikuchi & Nakai) Koidz.; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 38: 91 (1924)
= Pyrus rufoferruginea var. tremulans (Koidz.) Nakai; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 33: 201 (1919)
= Pyrus seoulensis Nakai; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 49: 348 (1935)
= Pyrus simonii Carrière; Rev. Hort. 1872: 28, f. 3 (1872)
= Pyrus sinensis Lindl.; Trans. Hort. Soc. 6: 396 (1826) non (Tonin) Poir. (1816)
= Pyrus sinensis var. silvestris Makino; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 22(259): 69 (1908)
= Pyrus sinensis var. ussuriensis Makino; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 22(255): 69 (1908)
= Pyrus sinica Royle; Illustr. Bot. Himal. 206 (1835)
= Pyrus sogdiana Kudr.; Kudrj., Plod. Shakhri. 1: 78 (1950)
= Pyrus sogdiana var. pyriformis Kudr.; Kudrj., Plod. Shakhri. 1: 80 (1950)
= Pyrus sogdiana var. schrederi Kudr.; Kudrj., Plod. Shakhri. 1: 86 (1950)
= Pyrus squarrosa Koidz.; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 38: 89 (1924)
= Pyrus tremulans Koidz.; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 33: 126 (1919)
= Pyrus ugoensis Koidz.; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 8: 190 (1939)
= Pyrus ussuriensis var. acidula (Nakai) T.B.Lee; Ill. Woody Pl. Korea 275 (1966)
= Pyrus ussuriensis var. diamantica Uyeki; Bull. Agric. Forest. Coll. Suigen (Suwon) 1: 14 (1925)
= Pyrus ussuriensis var. glouchovii Skvortsov; Izv. Glavn. Bot. Sada R.S.F.S.R. 24: 149 (1925)
= Pyrus ussuriensis var. hakunensis (Nakai) M.Kim; Korean Endemic Pl. 202 (2017)
= Pyrus ussuriensis var. heterophylla Gladkova; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 25: 102 (1988)
= Pyrus ussuriensis var. hondoensis (Nakai & Kikuchi) Rehder; J. Arnold Arbor. 2: 59 (1920)
= Pyrus ussuriensis var. macrostipes (Nakai) T.B.Lee; Ill. Woody Pl. Korea 275 (1966)
= Pyrus ussuriensis var. nankaiensis (Nakai) T.B.Lee; Ill. Woody Pl. Korea 275 (1966)
= Pyrus ussuriensis var. oblonga Skvortsov; Izv. Glavn. Bot. Sada R.S.F.S.R. 24: 149 (1925)
= Pyrus ussuriensis var. obovata Skvortsov; Izv. Glavn. Bot. Sada R.S.F.S.R. 24: 149 (1925)
= Pyrus ussuriensis var. ovoidea (Rehder) Rehder; J. Arnold Arbor. 2: 60 (1920)
= Pyrus ussuriensis var. pubescens Nakai ex T.Kawamoto; Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus. Tokyo 31: 62 (1952)
= Pyrus ussuriensis var. seoulensis (Nakai) T.B.Lee; Ill. Woody Pl. Korea 276 (1966)
= Pyrus ussuriensis var. viris (Nakai) Y.N.Lee; Fl. Korea: 1158 (1996)
= Pyrus viris Nakai; Fl. Sylv. Kor. 6: 51 (1916)
= Pyrus wayamana Koidz.; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 33: 127 (1919)
= Pyrus yukinourana Koidz.; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 4: 158 (1935)
= Pyrus zenskeana Koidz.; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 38: 88 (1924)
species :
Pyrus vallis-demonis Raimondo & Schicchi; Bocconea 17: 327 (2004)
Distribution: Sicily
13 SIC
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Pyrus voronovii Rubtzov; Bot. Mater. Gerb. Bot. Inst. Komarova Akad. Nauk SSSR 9: 76 (1941)
Distribution: Armenia; Azerbaijan
33 ARM AZE
species :
Pyrus xerophila T.T.Yu; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 8(3): 233-234 (1963)
Distribution: China (Gansu, Henan, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Xinjiang); Tibet
36 CHI TIB
species :
Pyrus yaltirikii Browicz; Istanbul Univ. Orman Fak. Dergisi, A 24(2): 57 (1974 publ. 1975)
Distribution: Turkey (Bingöl)
34 TUR
species :
Pyrus zangezura Maleev; Acta Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS, Ser. I. Fasc. 3, 195 (1937)
Distribution: Armenia; Azerbaijan
33 ARM AZE
Synonyms: hidden
= Pyrus schelkownikowii Woronow ex Al.Fed.; Derev. Kustarnik. URSS 3: 403 (1954), nomen
species :
Pyrus ×babadagensis Prodan; Bul. Stiint., Acad. Republ. Popul. Romine, Sect. Biol. & Stiint. Agric., Ser. Bot. 9: 325 (1957) [nothossp.]
subspecies :
subsp. babadagensis
Distribution: Romania
13 ROM
Remarks: P. communis x P. elaeagrifolia
subspecies :
subsp. eminensis Dostálek; Feddes Repert. 108(5-6): 354 (1997) [nothossp.]
Distribution: Bulgaria
13 BUL
Remarks: Pyrus elaeagrifolia ssp. bulgarica x pyraster
Synonyms: hidden
= Pyrus elaeagrifolia var. caliacrae Cretz. & Neuwirth; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 36: 311 (1934)
species :
Pyrus ×bardoensis Dostálek; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 19: 90 (1984)
Distribution: SE-Europe
Remarks: P. elaeagrifolia x P. spinosa
species :
Pyrus ×jordanovii Dostálek; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 19: 92 (1984)
Distribution: SE-Europe
Remarks: P. communis x P. spinosa
Synonyms: hidden
= Pyrus ×jordanovii subsp. velenovskyi (Dostálek) Niketic; Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. Belgrade 11: 182 (2018)
= Pyrus ×mecsekensis Terpó; Kert. Szölész. Föisk. Évk. 22: 133 (1958 publ. 1960), without type.
= Pyrus ×velenovskyi Dostálek; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 19: 91 (1984)
species :
Pyrus ×michauxii Bosc ex Poir.; Lam., Encycl., Suppl. 4: 452 (1816)
Distribution: SE-Europe; Turkey
34 TUR
Remarks: P. communis x P. elaeagrifolia x P. spinosa
Synonyms: hidden
= Pyrus ×anatolica Browicz; Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 31: 323 (1972)
species :
Pyrus ×myloslavensis Czarna & Antkowiak; Dendrobiology 60: 46 (2008)
Distribution: Poland
11 POL
species :
Pyrus ×sinkiangensis T.T.Yu; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 8(3): 233 (1963)
Distribution: China (Xinjiang, Gansu [I], Qinghai [I], Shaanxi [I])
36 CHI
Remarks: P. communis x P. pyrifolia
species :
Pyrus ×uyematsuana Makino; Bot. Mag., Tokyo 22: 68 (1908)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
species :
Pyrus ×vavilovii Popov; Trudy Prikl. Bot. 22: 403 (1929)
Distribution: Uzbekistan [I]
32 uzb
Remarks: Pyrus communis x P. korshinskyi
Synonyms: hidden
= Pyrus ×vavilovii var. glabra Popov; Trudy Prikl. Bot. 22: 404 (1929)
Loading ...

A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 19.4 (June 30th, 2024)

Covering 355,230 accepted species,
8,675 hybrids, 47,796 accepted infraspecific taxa and 997,888 synonyms,
in total 1,409,589* names

[*about 25,000 dubious, "unplaced" names and about 4,000 invalid names (Art. 24.3) like "typicus" are deliberately omitted]


With complete, detailed distribution data (countries and regions) and literature references

Arranged in linear phylogenetic sequence reflecting true relationships

Fully searchable and continously updated

With 38,209 pictures of 15,787 species

Assembled through 40 years independently from other databases

In cooperation with Catalogue of Life