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Ver. 19.2
April 1st, 2024

182.0000 Family Ranunculaceae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 231 (1789), nom. cons.
52 genera, ca. 3700 spp.
Species listed in database: 3815; hybrids: 89
= Aconitaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 216 (1820)
= Actaeaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin 1(16-53): 2, 140 (1823)
= Anemonaceae Vest; Anleit. Stud. Bot.: 264, 275 (1818)
= Aquilegiaceae Lilja; Skånes Fl., ed. 2: 375, 861, 979 (1870)
= Calthaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 92 (1820)
= Cimicifugaceae Bromhead; Mag. Nat. Hist., n. s. 4: 336, 338 (1840)
= Clematidaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 134 (1820)
= Delphiniaceae Brenner; Florist. Handb.: 52 (1886)
= Glaucidiaceae M.Tamura; Bot. Mag (Tokyo) 85: 40 (1972)
= Helleboraceae Vest; Anleit. Stud. Bot.: 264, 274 (1818)
= Hydrastidaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 318 (1820)
= Nigellaceae J.Agardh; Theoria Syst. Pl.: 76 (1858)
= Thalictraceae Raf.; Anal. Nat.: 176 (1815)
= Xanthorhizaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin 1(16-53): 2, 145 (1823)
182.5418 Genus Ranunculus L.; Sp. Pl. 548 (1753)
Distribution: Cosmopolitan, chiefly cold or temperate regions and montane areas of the tropics [1627 species and 47 hybrids in list]. The Ranunculus auricomus aggregate alone contains > 1000 microspecies.
Species listed in database: 1731; hybrids: 19
= Aphanostemma A.St.-Hil.; Fl. Bras. Merid. 1: 12 (1824)
= Aspidophyllum Ulbr.; Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 8: 268 (1922)
= Batrachium (DC.) Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 720 (1821)
= Buschia Ovcz.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 25: 339 (1940)
= Casalea A.St.-Hil.; Fl. Bras. Merid. 1: 8. t. 1 (1825)
= Cynomorbium Opiz; Fl. Caslav. 3: 255 (1804)
= Cyprianthe Spach; Hist. Nat. Vég. 7: 220 (1838)
= Flammula (Webb ex Spach) Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, n. s. 16: 324 (1868)
= Gampsoceras Steven; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 25(I): 541 (1852)
= Glossophyllum Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, n. s. 16: 325 (1868)
= Hecatonia Lour.; Fl. Cochinch.: 302 (1790)
= Hericinia Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, n. s. 16: 325 (1868)
= Ionosmanthus Jord. & Fourr.; Icon. Fl. Eur. 2: 13 (1869)
= Kumlienia Greene; Bull. Calif. Acad. Sci. 1: 337 (1885)
= Leuconoe Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, n. s. 16: 323 (1868)
= Notophilus Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, N. S. 16: 325 (1868)
= Pachyloma Spach; Hist. Nat. Vég. 7: 194 (1838)
= Pfundia Opiz; Seznam, 73 (1852)
= Ranula Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, N. S. 16: 324 (1868)
= Ranunculastrum Heist. ex Fabr.; Enum. Meth. Pl., ed. 2, 272 (1763)
= Rhopalopodium Ulbr.; Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 8: 253 (1922)
= Scotanum Adans.; Fam. Pl. 2: 459 (1763)
= Stylurus Raf.; Fl. Ludov.: 27 (1817)
= Thora Hill; Brit. Herb.: 29 (1756)
= Xerodera Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, n. s. 16: 324 (1868)
= Xiphocoma Steven; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 21: II. 270, in textu (1848), et 25: I. 537. t. 7 (1852)
species :
Ranunculus abbaianus Dunkel; Webbia 65(2): 207 (2010)
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
Remarks: auricomus agg.
species :
Ranunculus abchasicus Freyn ex Sommier & Levier; Bull. Soc. Bot. Ital. (1893) 525, et in Oesterr. Bot. Zeitschr. 43: 373 (1893)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus] (Abkhazia)
33 GEO NCS
species :
Ranunculus abditus (Markl.) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 129 (1992)
Distribution: Finland
10 FIN
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus fallax subsp. abditus Markl.
species :
Ranunculus aberdaricus Ulbr.; Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 10: 904 (1930)
Distribution: Kenya
25 KEN
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus keniensis Milne-Redh. & Turrill; Kew Bull. 389 (1950) (1951)
species :
Ranunculus abnormis Cutanda & Willk.; Linnaea 30: 83 (1860)
Distribution: Portugal; Spain
12 POR SPA
species :
Ranunculus abortificus (Julin) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 129 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden
10 SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. abortificus Julin; Opera Bot. 57: 10 (1980)
species :
Ranunculus abortivus L.; Sp. Pl. 551 (1753)
Name: Littleleaf buttercup
Distribution: Germany [I]; Alaska; Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Labrador, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Northern Territories, Ontario, Prince Edward Isl., Québec, Saskatchewan, Yukon); St. Pierre et Miquelon; USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Colorado, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Iowa, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, Montana, North Carolina, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, Vermont, Washington State, Wisconsin, West Virginia, Wyoming); Cuba [I]
11 ger 70 ASK CDN 71 CDN 72 CDN SPM 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA 81 cub
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus abortivus f. coptidifolius Fernald; Rhodora 44: 408 (1942)
= Ranunculus abortivus f. giganteus F.C.Gates; Trans. Kansas Acad. Sci. 33: 28 (1930)
= Ranunculus abortivus f. pratensis G.Lawson; Proc. & Trans. Nova Scotian Inst. Sci. 2(4): 38 (1869)
= Ranunculus abortivus f. sylvaticus G.Lawson; Proc. & Trans. Nova Scotian Inst. Sci. 2(4): 38 (1869)
= Ranunculus abortivus subsp. acrolasius (Fernald) B.M.Kapoor & Á.Löve; Caryologia 23(4): 577 (1970) (1971)
= Ranunculus abortivus var. acrolasius Fernald; Rhodora 40: 418, t. 519 (1938)
= Ranunculus abortivus var. eucyclus Fernald; Rhodora 1: 52 (1899)
= Ranunculus abortivus var. indivisus Fernald; Rhodora 40: 418, tab. 518 (1938)
= Ranunculus abortivus var. nitidus (Walter) DC.; Prodr. 1: 34 (1824)
= Ranunculus abortivus var. typicus Fernald; Rhodora 40: 417 (1938)
= Ranunculus holmii Greene; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 3: 334 (1914)
= Ranunculus michiganensis Farw.; Rep. (Annual) Michigan Acad. Sci. 17: 169 (1915 publ. 1916)
= Ranunculus nitidus Walter; Fl. Carol. 159 (1788)
= Ranunculus ruderalis Greene; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 3: 334 (1914)
species :
Ranunculus abstrusus O.Schwarz; Mitt. Thüring. Bot. Ges. 1: 136(1949)
Distribution: Germany (Bayern, Sachsen, Thüringen, ?Hessen)
11 GER
Remarks: auricomus agg.
species :
Ranunculus acarpellophorus (Julin) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 129 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden
10 SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. acarpellophorus Julin; Opera Bot. 57: 10 (1980)
species :
Ranunculus acaulis Banks & Sol.; DC. Syst. 1: 270 (1817)
Distribution: Australia (Tasmania); New Zealand (incl. Stewart Isl.); Chatham Isl.; Auckland Isl.; Argentina (Tierra del Fuego); Chile (Los Lagos, Aisén, Magallanes); Falkland Isl.
50 AUS 51 AUC CTM NZL 85 ARG CLE 91 FAL
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus biternatus Vallentin & Cotton; non Sm.
= Ranunculus litoralis Phil.; Linnaea 28: 664 (1858)
= Ranunculus petriei Allan; Fl. N. Zeal. 1: 156, 975 (1961)
= Ranunculus skottsbergii Gand.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 59: 704 (1912) (1913)
= Ranunculus stenopetalus Hook.; Hooker´s Icon. Pl. 7: t. 677 (1844)
= Ranunculus uniflorus Colenso; Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 31: 267 (1898 publ. 1899)
species :
Ranunculus accedens (Markl.) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 129 (1992)
Distribution: Finland
10 FIN
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. accedens Markl.
species :
Ranunculus acetosellifolius Boiss.; Bibl. Univ. Geneve, n. s. 13: 406 (1838)
Distribution: Spain (Sa. Nevada)
12 SPA
species :
Ranunculus aciculidentatus Charit.; Florogen. Komm. Zelenoi Knige Sibiri (Vysokogor´ya, Bolota, Tundry) 98 (-99) (2010)
Distribution: Siberia (W-Siberia)
30 SIB
Remarks: provisionally accepted name, will highly likely turn out to be a synonym of a more widespread species
species :
Ranunculus acidotus (Markl.) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 129 (1992)
Distribution: Finland
10 FIN
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. acidotus Markl.
species :
Ranunculus acinaciformis (Fagerstr.) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 129 (1992)
Distribution: Finland
10 FIN
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. acinaciformis Fagerstr.
species :
Ranunculus aconitifolius L.; Sp. Pl. 551 (1753)
Name: Eisenhutblättriger Hahnenfuß (D); Aconite-leaved Buttercup (EN)
Distribution: Germany (Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern [I], Nordrhein-Westfalen); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Austria; Czech Republic; Spain; Andorra; France; Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Montenegro; Ukraine
11 AUT CZE GER LIE SWI 12 ADO FRA SPA 13 CRO ITA MNT SLV 14 UKR
Synonyms: hidden
= Hecatonia aconitifolia (L.) Schur; Enum. Pl. Transs. 13 (1866)
= Ranula aconitifolia (L.) Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, N. S. 16: 324 (1868)
= Ranunculus aconitifolius f. angustisectus Vacc. & Melly; Melly, 52 (1906)
= Ranunculus aconitifolius f. fuggeri Glaab; 96 (1895)
= Ranunculus aconitifolius f. latisectus Vacc. & Melly; Melly, 52 (1906)
= Ranunculus aconitifolius f. minor Zapal.; 212 (1909)
= Ranunculus aconitifolius f. pygmaeus Vollm.; 274 (1914)
= Ranunculus aconitifolius subsp. euaconitifolius Issler; 58 (1909), nom. inval.
= Ranunculus aconitifolius var. ambiguus Gaudin; 531 (1828)
= Ranunculus aconitifolius var. nanus Gaudin; 532 (1828)
= Ranunculus aconitifolius var. parviflorus Gaudin; 531 (1828)
= Ranunculus aconitifolius var. verus F.W.Schultz; 16 (1845), nom. inval.
= Ranunculus argenteus E.H.L.Krause; J. Sturm, Deutschl. Fl. Abbild., ed. 2, 5: 30 (1901)
= Ranunculus caballeroi Losa & P.Monts.; Anales Inst. Bot. Cavanilles 10(2): 504 (1952)
= Ranunculus dealbatus Lapeyr.; Hist. Pl. Pyrenées 315 (1813)
= Ranunculus flexicaulis Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France 1: 74 (1893)
= Ranunculus heterophyllus Lapeyr.; Hist. Pl. Pyrenées 316 (1813) non Wiggers
= Ranunculus lobatus Clairv.; Man. Herbor. Suisse: 177 (1811), nom. illeg.
= Ranunculus multiflorus Dulac; Fl. Hautes-Pyrénées 218 (1867)
= Ranunculus nyssanus Leichtlin; Garden (London, 1871-1927) 55: 418 (1899)
= Ranunculus pacheri Dalla Torre; A. Hartinger & K. W. von Dalla Torre, Atlas Alpenfl.: 53 (1882)
species :
Ranunculus acraeus Heenan & P.J.Lockh.; New Zealand J. Bot. 44(4): 438 (2006)
Distribution: S-New Zealand
51 NZL
species :
Ranunculus acrifoliiformis (Julin) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 129 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden
10 SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. acrifoliiformis Julin
species :
Ranunculus acrifolius (Nannf. & H.Sm.) Ericsson; Svensk Bot. Tidskr. 29(2): 129 (1992), et in Ann. Bot. Fenn. 86(2): 78 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden
10 SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. acrifolius Nannf. & H.Sm.
species :
Ranunculus acriformis A.Gray; Proc. Am. Acad. 21: 374 (1886)
Name: Sharpleaf buttercup
Distribution: USA (Colorado, Wyoming)
73 USA
variant :
var. montanensis (Rydb.) L.D.Benson; Contr. Fl. Idaho Leafl. 22: 16 (1948)
Name: Mountain sharp buttercup
Distribution: USA (Idaho, Montana, Utah, Washington State, Wyoming)
73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus montanensis Rydb.; Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 1: 166 (1900)
= Ranunculus occidentalis var. montanensis (Rydb.) L.D.Benson; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 68: 166 (1941)
species :
Ranunculus acris L.; Sp. Pl. 554 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. acris
Name: Scharfer Hahnenfuß (DE), Showy buttercup (EN)
Distribution: Iceland; Svalbard [I]; Faeroe Isl.; England; Ireland; Denmark; Norway; Sweden; Finland; Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; France; Channel Isl.; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Malta; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; Greece; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; N-European Russia; W-European Russia; Moldova; Ukraine; Madeira [I] (Madeira Isl. [I]); Siberia (Altai, Chita, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva, W-Siberia); Russian Far East (Amur, Kamchatka, Khabarovsk, Magadan, Primorye, Sakhalin); Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Australia [I] (Tasmania [I], Victoria [I]); New Zealand [I]; Alaska [I]; Greenland [I]; Canada (Alberta [I], British Columbia [I], Labrador [I], Manitoba [I], New Brunswick [I], Newfoundland [I], Nova Scotia [I], Northern Territories [I], Nunavut [I], Ontario [I], Prince Edward Isl. [I], Québec [I], Saskatchewan [I]); St. Pierre et Miquelon [I]; USA [I] (Alabama [I], California [I], Colorado [I], Connecticut [I], District of Columbia [I], Delaware [I], Georgia [I], Iowa [I], Idaho [I], Illinois [I], Indiana [I], Kansas [I], Kentucky [I], Massachusetts [I], Maryland [I], Maine [I], Michigan [I], Minnesota [I], Missouri [I], Mississippi [I], Montana [I], North Carolina [I], North Dakota [I], New Hampshire [I], New Jersey [I], New Mexico [I], Nevada [I], New York [I], Ohio [I], Oregon [I], Pennsylvania [I], Rhode Island [I], South Carolina [I], South Dakota [I], Tennessee [I], Utah [I], Virginia [I], Vermont [I], Washington State [I], Wisconsin [I], West Virginia [I], Wyoming [I]); Peru [I]; Tristan da Cunha [I]; South Georgia Isl. [I]
10 DEN FIN FOR GRB ICE IRE NOR sva SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 CIS COR FRA SAR 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS MLT MNT NMA ROM SLV SRB 14 BLR EST LAT LIT MLD RUS UKR 21 mdr 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ KGZ 33 ARM GEO NCS 50 aus 51 nzl 70 ask CDN gnl 71 CDN 72 CDN spm 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa 83 per 91 sge tdc
Remarks: acris agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculastrum acre (L.) Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, N. S. 16: 324 (1868)
= Ranunculastrum boreanum (Jord.) Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, n. s. 16: 324 (1868)
= Ranunculastrum nemorivagum (Jord.) Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, n. s. 16: 324 (1868)
= Ranunculastrum vulgatum (Jord. ex Boreau) Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, n. s. 16: 324 (1868)
= Ranunculus acris f. cuneatus Zapal.; 224 (1909)
= Ranunculus acris f. fissus Zapal.; 224 (1909)
= Ranunculus acris f. gynodioecus Suess.; 82 (1943), nom. inval.
= Ranunculus acris f. multiplicipetalus B.Boivin; Canad. Field-Naturalist 65: 3 (1951)
= Ranunculus acris f. pilosissimus Zapal.; 226 (1909)
= Ranunculus acris subsp. boraeanus (Jord.) Syme; Sowerby, Engl. Bot. ed. 3(B) 1: 39 (1863)
= Ranunculus acris subsp. pumilus (Wahlenb.) Á.Löve & D.Löve; Taxon 34(1): 164 (1985)
= Ranunculus acris subsp. stevenii (Andrz.) Ahlfv.; Neuman, 501 (1901)
= Ranunculus acris var. calvus Vollm.; 277 (1914)
= Ranunculus acris var. filiformis P.D.Sell; Fl. Gr. Brit. Ireland 1: 671 (2018)
= Ranunculus acris var. hortensis H.Mart.; 97 (1817)
= Ranunculus acris var. janoviensis Zapal.; 225 (1909)
= Ranunculus acris var. latisectus Beck
= Ranunculus acris var. minimus Vigo; Acta Bot. Barcin. 35: 208 (1983)
= Ranunculus acris var. multifidus Bogenh.; 141 (1850), nom. illeg.
= Ranunculus acris var. multifidus DC.; Syst. Nat. 1: 278 (1817)
= Ranunculus acris var. oligostamineus Bogenh.; 141 (1850)
= Ranunculus acris var. pocuticus Zapal.; 225 (1909)
= Ranunculus acris var. pratensis Rchb.; 724 (1832), nom. inval.
= Ranunculus acris var. pseudolanuginosus Bolle; 17 (1865)
= Ranunculus acris var. pumilus Wahlenb.; Fl. Suec. 1: 351 (1824)
= Ranunculus acris var. pyrenaeus S.M.Coles; Watsonia 8: 241 (1971)
= Ranunculus acris var. rectus (Boreau) Syme; 38 (1863)
= Ranunculus acris var. serotinus Wimm. & Grab.; 132 (1829)
= Ranunculus acris var. sylvaticus (Thuill.) DC.; Syst. Nat. 1: 278 (1817)
= Ranunculus acris var. vulgatus (Jord.) Syme; 38 (1863)
= Ranunculus asiaticus Thunb.; Fl. Jap. (Thunb.) 241 (1784), non L.
= Ranunculus barthii Schur; Verh. Naturf. Ver. Bruenn 15: II. 41 (1877)
= Ranunculus boraeanus Jord.; Obs. Pl. Crit. 6: 19 (1847)
= Ranunculus borealis subsp. pumilus (Wahlenb.) Timokhina; Fl. Sibir. 6: 176 (1993)
= Ranunculus borealis var. pumilus (Wahlenb.) Tolm.; Arktich. Fl. SSSR 6: 219 (1971)
= Ranunculus buergeri Miq.; Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 3: 5 (1867)
= Ranunculus cammarifolius Arv.-Touv.; Essai Pl. Dauphiné: 21 (1871)
= Ranunculus colocensis Menyh.; Kal. Vid. Növén.: 26 (1877)
= Ranunculus csatoi Schur; Verh. Naturf. Ver. Bruenn 15: II. 46 (1877)
= Ranunculus eustrigulosus Schur; Verh. Naturf, Ver. Bruenn 15: II. 44 (1877)
= Ranunculus franchetianus Bor.; Mem. Soc. Acad. Maine-et-Loire 22: 8 (1868)
= Ranunculus icelandicus K.C.Davis; Minnesota Bot. Stud. 2: 472 (1900)
= Ranunculus intercedens Domin; Preslia 13-15: 83 (1935)
= Ranunculus kayserii Schur; Verh. Naturf. Ver. Bruenn 15: II. 43 (1877)
= Ranunculus kerneri Freyn; A. J. R. Kerner, Sched. Fl. Exs. Austro-Hung. 5: 47 (1888)
= Ranunculus lanuginosus Ledeb.; Fl. Ross. 1: 42 (1841) non L.
= Ranunculus macrophyllus Schur; Enum. Pl. Transs. 17 (1866)
= Ranunculus major Dumort.; Fl. Belg. (Dumortier) 128 (1827)
= Ranunculus malacophyllus Schur; Enum. Pl. Transs. 16 (1866)
= Ranunculus mccallae K.C.Davis; Minnesota Bot. Stud. 2: 482 (1900)
= Ranunculus napellifolius Crantz; Stirp. Austr. Fasc. 2: 90 (1763)
= Ranunculus nemorivagus Jord.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, n. s. 7: 442 (1861)
= Ranunculus paradoxus Weihe; Linnaea 10: 1835 (1836) 418. t. 2
= Ranunculus pascuicola Jord.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon sér. 2, 7: 441 (1861)
= Ranunculus platyphyllus (Schur) Simonk.; Enum. Fl. Transsilv.: 51 (1887)
= Ranunculus rectus Boreau; Fl. Centre France, ed. 3 (Boreau) 2: 15 (1857)
= Ranunculus siculus C.Presl; J. S. Presl & C. B. Presl, Delic. Prag.: 8 (1822)
= Ranunculus silvaticus Vill.; Prosp. Hist. Pl. Dauphiné: 51 (1779)
= Ranunculus squarrosus Laest. ex Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 12 (1878)
= Ranunculus stevenii f. arenarius Zapal.; 227 (1909)
= Ranunculus stevenii f. humilior Zapal.; 227 (1909)
= Ranunculus stevenii f. robustus Zapal.; 226 (1909)
= Ranunculus stevenii var. blockianus Zapal.; 227 (1909)
= Ranunculus stevenii var. vulgatus (Jord.) Zapal.; 227 (1909)
= Ranunculus stipatus Jord.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, n. s. 7: 440 (1861)
= Ranunculus strigulosus var. platyphyllus Schur; Verh. Naturf. Vereins Brünn 15(2): 44 (1877)
= Ranunculus subalpinus Schur; Verh. Naturf Ver. Bruenn 15: II. (1877) 40, in textu
= Ranunculus subtilis Schur; Verh. Naturf. Ver. Bruenn 15: II. 41 (1877)
= Ranunculus subtuberosus Gilib.; Fl. Lit. Inch. 2: 262 (1782)
= Ranunculus ternatus DC.; Syst. Nat. 1: 242 (1817)
= Ranunculus tomophyllus Jord.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, n. s. 7: 439 (1861)
= Ranunculus trachyticus Schur; Verh. Naturf Ver. Bruenn 15: II. 41 (1877)
= Ranunculus transsilvanicus Schur; Verh. Naturf Ver. Bruenn 15: II. 46 (1877)
= Ranunculus vulgatus Jord. ex Boreau; Fl. Centre France, éd. 3 2: 15 (1857)
subspecies :
subsp. friesianus (Jord.) Syme; Sowerby, Engl. Bot. ed. 3[B] 1: 39 (1863)
Name: Fr.-Hahnenfuß (DE)
Distribution: Sweden [I]; ?Belgium [I]; Germany (Berlin [I], Baden-Württemberg, Bayern [I], Mecklenburg-Vorpommern [I], Niedersachsen [I], Nordrhein-Westfalen [I], Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen [I], Sachsen-Anhalt [I]); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Austria [I]; Czech Republic [I]; Spain; Andorra; France; Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; ?European Russia
10 swe 11 aut cze GER LIE SWI 12 ADO FRA SPA 13 CRO ITA SLV
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus acris subsp. despectus M.Laínz; Bot. Soc. Brot. ser. 2, 53: 36 (1979)
= Ranunculus acris subsp. friesii (Gren. & Godr.) Ahlfv.; Neuman, 501 (1901)
= Ranunculus acris subsp. scandinavicus (N.I.Orlova) Á.Löve & D.Löve; Bot. Not. 128: 512 (1975 publ. 1976)
= Ranunculus acris subsp. sylvaticus (Thuill.) Nyman; 12 (1878)
= Ranunculus acris var. sylvaticus (Thuill.) Klett & Richt.; 479 (1830)
= Ranunculus friesianus Jord.; Observ. Pl. Nouv. 6: 17 (1847)
= Ranunculus lanuginosus var. sylvaticus (Thuill.) DC.; 499 (1805)
= Ranunculus scandinavicus N.I.Orlova; Fl. Murmansk. Obl. 3: 288 (1956)
= Ranunculus stevenii subsp. friesianus (Jord.) Braun-Blanq.; 133 (1933)
= Ranunculus stevenii var. friesianus (Jord.) Zapal.; 227 (1909)
= Ranunculus sylvaticus Thuill.; Fl. Env. Paris, ed. 2. 276 (1799)
subspecies :
subsp. hultenii Vorosch.; Byull. Mosk. Obshch. Ispyt. Prir., Biol. 99(6): 117 (1994)
Distribution: Russian Far East (Kamchatka, Kuril Isl.)
31 RFE
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus hultenii (Vorosch.) Luferov; Byull. Moskovsk. Obshch. Isp. Prir., Otd. Biol. 107(2): 33 (2002)
species :
Ranunculus acrophilus B.G.Briggs; Telopea 5(4): 585 (1994), nom. nov.
Distribution: Australia (S-New South Wales: Mt Twynam to Mt Kosciuszko)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus muelleri var. brevicaulis B.G.Briggs; Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales 84: 316, 317, fig. 63 (1960)
species :
Ranunculus acuistylus (Julin) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 129 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden
10 SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. acuistylus Julin; Opera Bot. 57: 12 (1980)
species :
Ranunculus acutidens (Markl.) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 129 (1992)
Distribution: Finland
10 FIN
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. acutidens Markl.
species :
Ranunculus acutidentatus Charit.; Florogen. Komm. Zelenoi Knige Sibiri (Vysokogor´ya, Bolota, Tundry) 95 (2010), nom. illeg., non Rupr. 1869
Distribution: Siberia (W-Siberia)
30 SIB
Remarks: provisionally accepted name, will highly likely turn out to be a synonym of a more widespread species
species :
Ranunculus acutidentiformis (Rasch) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 129 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden
10 SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. acutidentiformis Rasch
species :
Ranunculus acutimammus (Julin) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 129 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden
10 SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. acutimammus Julin; Opera Bot. 57: 13 (1980)
species :
Ranunculus acutipartitus (Julin) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 129 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden
10 SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. acutipartitus Julin; Opera Bot. 57: 14 (1980)
species :
Ranunculus acutiserratus (Julin) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 129 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden
10 SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. acutiserratus Julin; Opera Bot. 57: 14 (1980)
species :
Ranunculus acutissimus A.C.Leslie; Fl. Gr. Brit. Ireland 1: 671 (2018)
Name: Ewhurst Goldilocks Buttercup
Distribution: England (Surrey)
10 GRB
Remarks: auricomus agg.
species :
Ranunculus acutiusculus (Markl.) Ericsson; Svensk Bot. Tidskr. 8: 78 (1992), et in Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 129 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden
10 SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. acutiusculus Markl.
species :
Ranunculus acutulans (Markl.) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 129 (1992)
Distribution: Finland
10 FIN
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. acutulans Markl.
species :
Ranunculus adoneus A.Gray; Proc. Acad. Sci. Philad. 1863 56 (1864)
Name: Alpine buttercup
Distribution: USA (Colorado, Utah, Wyoming)
73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus amoenus A.Gray; Am. J. Sci. Ser. II. 33: 241 (1862)
= Ranunculus eschscholtzii var. adoneus (A.Gray) C.L.Hitchc.; Vasc. Pl. Pacif. N. W. 2: 383 (1964)
= Ranunculus stenolobus Rydb.; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 29: 159 (1902)
variant :
var. alpinus (S.Watson) L.D.Benson; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 68: 655 (1941)
Distribution: USA (Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Utah, Wyoming)
73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus eschscholtzii var. alpinus (S.Watson) C.L.Hitchc.; Vasc. Pl. Pacif. N. W. (C. L. Hitchcock & al.) 2: 383 (1964)
= Ranunculus orthorhynchus var. alpinus S.Watson; Botany (Fortieth Parallel) 9 (1871)
variant :
var. caespitosus (F.J.F.Fisher, J.A.Rowley & C.J.Marchant) N.H.Holmgren & P.K.Holmgren; Brittonia 62(3): 265 (2010)
Distribution: USA (C-Rocky Mts.)
74 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus suksdorfii subsp. caespitosus F.J.F.Fisher, J.A.Rowley & Marchant; Compte R. Seances Soc. Biogeogr., 50(434-439): 38 (1973) (1974)
species :
Ranunculus adoxifolius Hand.-Mazz.; Acta H. Gotob. 13: 152 (1939)
Distribution: SE-Tibet; Pakistan (Baluchistan, Pakistani Punjab); Nepal; Bhutan; India (Arunachal Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Sikkim)
36 TIB 40 BHU IND NEP PAK
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus caespitosus Wall.; (Cat. 167, n. 4701 (1831), nom. nud.) ex Hook.f. & Thomson, Fl. Ind. 1: 33 (1855)
= Ranunculus hirtellus var. minor Santapau & Banerji; Proc. Inst. Sci. Ind. 24B: 137 (1958)
species :
Ranunculus adunans (Markl.) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 129 (1992)
Distribution: Finland
10 FIN
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. adunans Markl.
species :
Ranunculus aduncus Gren. & Godr.; Fl. France 1: 32 (1847)
Name: Hakiger Hahnenfuß
Distribution: Spain; Andorra; SE-France; NW-Italy
12 ADO FRA SPA 13 ITA
Remarks: breyninus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus montanus subsp. aduncus (Gren. & Godr.) O.Bolòs & Vigo; Butll. Inst. Catalana Hist Nat. 38: 65 (1974)
= Ranunculus ascendens Steud.; Nom. ed. II. 2: 432 (1841)
= Ranunculus palustris Lange ex Freyn; Willk. & Lange, Prod. Fl. Hisp. 3: 930 (1880)
species :
Ranunculus aemulans O.Schwarz; Mitt. Thüring. Bot. Ges. 1: 129 (1949)
Name: Nachahmender Goldhahnenfuß (DE)
Distribution: Germany (Baden-Württemberg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Thüringen)
11 GER
Remarks: auricomus agg.
species :
Ranunculus aequalis (Julin) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 129 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden
10 SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. aequalis Julin; Opera Bot. 57: 15 (1980)
species :
Ranunculus aequidens (Julin) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 130 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden
10 SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. aequidens Julin; Opera Bot. 57: 16 (1980)
species :
Ranunculus aequilaterus A.C.Leslie; Fl. Gr. Brit. Ireland 1: 675 (2018)
Name: Bourn Goldilocks Buttercup
Distribution: England (Cambridgeshire)
10 GRB
Remarks: auricomus agg.
species :
Ranunculus aestivalis (L.D.Benson) Van Buren & K.T.Harper; Amer. J. Bot. 81(4): 518 (1994)
Name: Fall buttercup
Distribution: USA (Utah)
76 USA
Conservation Status: Of conservation concern
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus acriformis var. aestivalis L.D.Benson; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 40: 43 (1948)
= Ranunculus acriformis subsp. aestivalis (L.D.Benson) S.L.Welsh; Great Basin Nat. 46(2): 260 (1986)
species :
Ranunculus afghanicus Aitch. & Hemsl.; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 19: 148 (1882)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts.); Afghanistan (Badghys, Bamyan, Faryab, Ghazni, Ghorat, Kabul, Logar, Wardak, Orozgan / Daykundi, Paktia / Khost, Parwan, Takhar); Pakistan (Kurram)
32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 34 AFG IRN 40 PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus divergens Aitch.; (1881) (non Jord.
= Ranunculus olgae Regel; Izv. Imp. Obshch. Lyubit. Estestv. Moskovsk. Univ. 34(2): 1 (1882)
= Ranunculus chaffanjonii Danguy ex Finet & Gagnep.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 51: 322 (1904)
species :
Ranunculus afzelii (Rasch) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 130 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden
10 SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. afzelii Rasch
species :
Ranunculus agynophorus (Julin) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 130 (1992)
Distribution: Norway
10 NOR
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. agynophorus Julin
species :
Ranunculus akkemensis Polozhij & Revyakina; Sist. Geogr. Rast. Sibiri: 6 (1978)
Distribution: Siberia (Altai, Tuva)
30 SIB
species :
Ranunculus alaiensis Ostenf.; Vidensk. Medd. Kjobenh. (1901), 309 (1902)
Distribution: Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Afghanistan (Badakshan, Baghlan, Parwan, Takhar); Pakistan (Chitral)
32 KGZ TZK UZB 34 AFG 40 PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus flexicaulis Komar.; (1896) (non Rouy & Foucaud 1893
= Oxygraphis subintegra Riedl; Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien 65: 31 (1962))
species :
Ranunculus alberti Regel & Schmalh.; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 5(1): 223 (1877)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; China (W-Xinjiang, C-Xinjiang)
32 KAZ KGZ TZK 36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus sulphureus var. alberti (Regel & Schmalh.) Maxim.; Enum. Pl. Mongol. 19 (1889)
species :
Ranunculus albertsonii (Julin) Ericsson; Svensk Bot. Tidskr., et in Ann. Bot. Fenn., 8 78 (1992) 29(2): 130 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden
10 SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. albertsonii Julin
species :
Ranunculus alcicornis (Julin) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 130 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden
10 SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. alcicornis Julin
species :
Ranunculus alejandrei Dunkel; Stapfia 112: 27 (2021)
Distribution: Spain (La Rioja)
12 SPA
Remarks: auricomus agg., carlittensis group
species :
Ranunculus alismifolius Geyer ex Benth.; Pl. Hartw. 295 (1849) (alismifolius)
Name: Plantainleaf buttercup
Distribution: Canada (British Columbia); USA (California, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Oregon, Washington State, Wyoming); Mexico (Baja California Norte)
71 CDN 73 USA 76 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus alismifolius var. calthiflorus K.C.Davis; Minnesota Bot. Stud. 2: 495 (1900)
= Ranunculus alismifolius var. hartwegii (Greene) Jeps.; Fl. Calif. (Jeps.) 1: 534 (1921)
= Ranunculus alismifolius var. lemmonii (A.Gray) L.D.Benson; Amer. J. Bot. 23: 172 (1936)
= Ranunculus arnoglossus Greene; Pittonia 4: 143 (1900)
= Ranunculus bolanderi Greene; Bull. Calif. Acad. Sci. 2: 58 (1886)
= Ranunculus flammula var. alismifolius (Geyer ex Benth.) Clem. & E.G.Clem.; Rocky Mt. Flowers: 6 (1914)
= Ranunculus hartwegii Greene; Erythea 3: 45 (1895)
= Ranunculus lemmonii A.Gray; Proc. Am. Acad. 10: 68 (1874)
= Ranunculus unguiculatus Greene; Pittonia 4: 142 (1900)
variant :
var. alismellus A.Gray; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 7: 327 (1868)
Distribution: USA (California, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Oregon, Washington State); Mexico (Baja California Norte)
73 USA 76 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus alismellus (A.Gray) Greene; Fl. Francisc. 297 (1892)
= Ranunculus alismellus var. populago K.C.Davis; Minnesota Bot. Stud. 2: 496 (1900)
variant :
var. davisii L.D.Benson; Contr. Fl. Idaho Leafl. 22: 18 (1948)
Name: Davis´ buttercup
Distribution: USA (Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Oregon, Wyoming)
73 USA 76 USA
variant :
var. montanus S.Watson; Botany [Fortieth Parallel] 7 (1871)
Name: Waterplantain buttercup
Distribution: USA (Colorado, Idaho, Nevada, Utah, Wyoming)
73 USA 76 USA
species :
Ranunculus allegheniensis Britton; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 22: 224 (1895)
Name: Allegheny Mountain buttercup
Distribution: USA (Connecticut, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Maryland, North Carolina, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, Vermont, West Virginia)
75 USA 78 USA
species :
Ranunculus allemannii Braun-Blanq.; Sched. Fl. Raetic. Exsicc.: 280 (1927), et ex W. Koch in Ber. Schweiz. Bot. Ges. 42: 747 (1933), descr.
Distribution: Switzerland (Rhaetian Alps); SW-Austria (Reschenpass); Italy (Ortler-Livigno, Adamello, Val di Sole, Val di Meledro); Slovenia
11 AUT SWI 13 ITA SLV
Remarks: auricomus agg., cassubicus subagg.
species :
Ranunculus allenii B.L.Rob.; Rhodora 7: 220 (1905)
Name: Allen´s buttercup
Distribution: Canada (Labrador, Nunavut, Québec)
70 CDN 72 CDN
species :
Ranunculus allobrogorum Dunkel; Forum Geobotanicum 10: 2 (2021)
Distribution: Switzerland (Genf)
11 SWI
Remarks: auricomus agg.
species :
Ranunculus almquistii (Julin) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 130 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden
10 SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. almquistii Julin; Bot. Not. 131(3): 317 (1978)
species :
Ranunculus alnetorum W.Koch; Ber. Schweiz. Bot. Ges. 49: 547 (1939)
Name: Erlenwald-Goldhahnenfuß (DE)
Distribution: Germany (Baden-Württemberg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern); Switzerland; ?Spain; France (Alsace)
11 GER SWI 12 FRA
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. alnetorum (W.Koch) R.Engel; Bull. Assoc. Philom. Alsace Lorraine 13: 84 (1968)
species :
Ranunculus alpestris L.; Sp. Pl. 553 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. alpestris
Name: Alpen-Hahnenfuß (DE)
Distribution: Germany (Bayern); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Austria; Poland; Slovakia; N-Spain; Andorra; France; Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Romania
11 AUT GER LIE POL SLO SWI 12 ADO FRA SPA 13 CRO ITA ROM SLV
Remarks: alpestris agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Hecatonia alpestris (L.) Schur; Enum. Pl. Transs. 13 (1866)
= Leuconoe alpestris (L.) Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, N. S. 16: 323 (1868)
= Leuconoe magellensis Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, n. s. 16: 323 (1868)
= Ranunculus alpestris var. ambiguus Brügger; Jahresber Naturf. Ges. Graubündens [Fl. Curiensis] 17: 86 (1874), nom. inval.
= Ranunculus alpestris var. hausmannii Dalla Torre & Sarnth.; 276 (1909)
= Ranunculus alpestris var. latisectus Jess.; 430 (1879)
= Ranunculus alpestris var. stenanthus Murr; 117 (1923)
= Ranunculus dissectus Port. ex Steud.; Nom. ed. II. 2: 433 (1841)
= Ranunculus wolfianus Chenevard; Bull. Trav. Soc. Bot. Genève 9: 121 (1899)
subspecies :
subsp. leroyi M.Laínz; Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 38(2): 470 (1981 publ. 1982)
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
species :
Ranunculus alpigenus Kom.; Trav. Soc. Nat. Petersb. 26: 56 (1896)
Distribution: Tajikistan; Afghanistan (Wakhan, Baghlan, Parwan); Pakistan (Chitral)
32 TZK 34 AFG 40 PAK
species :
Ranunculus alsaticus W.Koch; Ber. Schweiz. Bot. Ges. 49: 546 (1939)
Name: Elsässer Goldhahnenfuß (DE)
Distribution: Germany (Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Sachsen); NW-Switzerland; France (Alsace)
11 GER SWI 12 FRA
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. alsaticus (W.Koch) R.Engel; Bull. Assoc. Philom. Alsace Lorraine 13: 79 (1968)
species :
Ranunculus alsophilus (Markl.) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 130 (1992)
Distribution: Finland
10 FIN
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus fallax subsp. alsophilus Markl.
species :
Ranunculus altaicus Laxm.; Novi Comment. Acad. Sci. Imp. Petrop. 18: 533 (1773)
subspecies :
subsp. altaicus
Distribution: Siberia (Altai, Buryatia, Chita, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva, W-Siberia); Russian Far East (Amur, Kamchatka, Khabarovsk, Kuril Isl., Magadan); Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; China (N-Xinjiang)
30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ KGZ TZK 36 CHI
Remarks: nivalis agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus nivalis subsp. altaicus (Laxm.) Vorosch.; A. K. Skvortsov (ed.), Florist. issl. v razn. raionakh SSSR: 170 (1985)
= Ranunculus sulphureus var. altaica (Laxm.) Trautv.; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 1: 69 (1860)
subspecies :
subsp. taimyrensis (Kuvaev) Luferov; Byull. Glavn. Bot. Sada 192: 96 (2006)
Distribution: Siberia (Krasnoyarsk)
30 SIB
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus sulphureus subsp. taimyrensis Kuvaev; Byull. Mosk. Obshch. Ispyt. Prir, Biol., 102(5): 71 (1997)
= Ranunculus taimyrensis (Kuvaev) Luferov; Botanica Pacifica 12(2): 128 (2023)
species :
Ranunculus alticaulis (Markl.) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 130 (1992)
Distribution: Finland
10 FIN
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. alticaulis Markl.
species :
Ranunculus altilobus (Markl.) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 130 (1992)
Distribution: Finland
10 FIN
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus fallax subsp. altilobus Markl.
species :
Ranunculus altior Markl.; Mem. Soc. Faun. Fl. Fenn. 16: 51 (1940)
Distribution: Finland
10 FIN
Remarks: provisionally accepted name, auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus fallax subsp. altior (Markl.) G.Kvist & Jalas; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 24(2): 222 (1987)
species :
Ranunculus altitatrensis Paclová & Murín; Biologia (Bratislava) 57(1): 72 (2002)
Distribution: Slovakia
11 SLO
Remarks: auricomus agg.
species :
Ranunculus altitorus (Markl.) Ericsson; Svensk Bot. Tidskr., et in Ann. Bot. Fenn. 86(2): 78 (1992) 29(2): 130 (1992)
Distribution: Finland
10 FIN
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus fallax subsp. altitorus Markl.
species :
Ranunculus altus (Julin) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 130 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden
10 SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. altus Julin; Opera Bot. 57: 18 (1980)
species :
Ranunculus amabilis (Valta) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 130 (1992)
Distribution: Finland
10 FIN
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. amabilis Valta
species :
Ranunculus amaurophanes (Markl.) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 130 (1992)
Distribution: Finland
10 FIN
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus fallax subsp. amaurophanes Markl.
species :
Ranunculus ambigens S.Watson; Bibliog. Ind. N. Am. Bot. 1: 16 (1878)
Name: Waterplantain spearwort
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, North Carolina, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia)
74 USA 75 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus ambigens var. obtusiusculus K.C.Davis; Minnesota Bot. Stud. 2: 494 (1900)
= Ranunculus obtusiusculus Raf.; Med. Repos., ser. 2, 5: 359 (1808)
= Ranunculus robinii Raf.; Fl. Ludov.: 82 (1817)
species :
Ranunculus amblyodon (Markl.) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 130 (1992)
Distribution: Finland; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; N-European Russia; NW-European Russia
10 FIN 14 EST LAT LIT RUS
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. amblyodon Markl.
species :
Ranunculus amblyolobus Boiss. & Hohen.; Boiss., Diagn. ser. 1, 8: 5 (1849)
Distribution: Iran (EC-Iran, N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran)
34 IRN
species :
Ranunculus ambranus Hörandl & Gutermann; Bot. Jahrb., 120(1): 35 (1998), nom. nov.
Name: Fürstenfeldbrucker Goldhahnenfuß (DE)
Distribution: Germany (+Bayern, +Sachsen)
11 GER
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus ponticus Borch.-Kolb; Mitt. Bot. Staatssamml. München 21(1): 136 (1985)
species :
Ranunculus ameres Ericsson & G.Kvist; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 130 (1992), nom. nov.
Distribution: Finland
10 FIN
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus fallax f. indivisus Markl.
species :
Ranunculus amerophylloides H.Eichler; Biblioth. Bot. 31: Heft 124, 69 (1958)
Distribution: New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
species :
Ranunculus amerophyllus F.Muell.; Trans. Roy. Soc. Vict. N. S. 1: II. (1889) 1
Distribution: New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
species :
Ranunculus amgensis Timokhina; Fl. Sibir. (Portulacac.-Ranunculac.) 6: 208 (1993)
Distribution: Siberia (Yakutia)
30 SIB
species :
Ranunculus amoeniflorus (Markl.) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 130 (1992)
Distribution: Finland
10 FIN
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. amoeniflorus Markl.
species :
Ranunculus amoenifrons (Markl.) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 130 (1992)
Distribution: Finland
10 FIN
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. amoenifrons Markl.
species :
Ranunculus amoenoviridis (Julin) Ericsson; Svensk Bot. Tidskr., et in Ann. Bot. Fenn., 8 78 (1992) 29(2): 130 (1992)
Distribution: Norway; Sweden
10 NOR SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. amoenoviridis Julin; Bot. Not. 131(3): 320 (1978)
species :
Ranunculus amphitrichus Colenso; Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 17: 237 (1885)
Distribution: Australia (SW-Western Australia, South Australia, Kangaroo Isl., New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania); New Zealand; Chatham Isl.
50 AUS 51 CTM NZL
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus rivularis Banks & Sol. ex DC.; Syst. Nat. [DC.] 1: 270 (1817), nom. illeg., non Spreng. (1807)
species :
Ranunculus amplexicaulis L.; Sp. Pl.- 549 (1753)
Name: Stengelumfassender Hahnenfuß
Distribution: NE-Spain; SW-France (Pyrenees)
12 FRA SPA
Remarks: amplexicaulis agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus plantaginifolius Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 372 (1796)
species :
Ranunculus amplidens (Markl.) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 130 (1992)
Distribution: Finland
10 FIN
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus monophyllus subsp. amplidens Markl.
species :
Ranunculus amplisinus (Markl.) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 131 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden; Finland
10 FIN SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. amplisinus Markl.
species :
Ranunculus amplus N.G.Walsh & B.G.Briggs; Muelleria 17:15 (2003)
Distribution: Australia (SW-Victoria)
50 AUS
species :
Ranunculus amurensis Kom.; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 22(1): 294-295. (1904 publ. 1903)
Distribution: Siberia (Chita); Russian Far East (Amur, Khabarovsk, Primorye); China (Heilongjiang, Nei Mongol)
30 SIB 31 RFE 36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus amurensis Maxim. ex Trautv.; Act. Hort. Petrop. 8: 41, nomen (1883)
species :
Ranunculus anandrophyllus (Julin) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 131 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden
10 SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. anandrophyllus Julin
species :
Ranunculus anandrus (Julin) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 131 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden
10 SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. anandrus Julin
species :
Ranunculus anatolicus Akkemik, Akalin & Özhatay; Nordic J. Bot. 25(5-6): 311 (2008)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Ranunculus ancorifolius (Julin) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 131 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden
10 SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. ancorifolius Julin
species :
Ranunculus anemoneus F.Muell.; Trans. Phil. Soc. Vict. 1: 97 (1855)
Distribution: Australia (S-New South Wales: Kosciuszko plateau)
50 AUS
species :
Ranunculus anemonifolius DC.; Syt. Nat. 1: 282 (1817)
Distribution: Iran (N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran)
34 IRN
species :
Ranunculus anemonophyllus (Hyl.) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 131 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden
10 SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. anemonophyllus Hyl.
species :
Ranunculus angularis A.C.Leslie; Fl. Gr. Brit. Ireland 1: 674 (2018)
Name: Angular Goldilocks Buttercup
Distribution: England (Cambridge)
10 GRB
Remarks: auricomus agg.
species :
Ranunculus angulatus C.Presl; J. Presl & C. Presl, Delic. Prag.: 7. (1822)
Distribution: Sicily
13 SIC
Remarks: Status uncertain, sardous agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus sardous var. angulatus (C.Presl) Glück; Biol. Morphol. Untersuch. Wasser- Sumpfgewächse 3: 501 (1911)
species :
Ranunculus angustatus (Markl.) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 132 (1992)
Distribution: Finland
10 FIN
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. angustatus Markl.
species :
Ranunculus angustidens (Markl.) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 132 (1992)
Distribution: Finland
10 FIN
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus fallax subsp. angustidens Markl.
species :
Ranunculus angustifidus (Julin) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 132 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden
10 SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. angustifidus Julin
species :
Ranunculus angustifolius DC.; Nouv. Bull. Sci. Soc. Philom. Paris 1: 118 (1808)
Distribution: Spain (Pyrenees, Sa. Nevada); Andorra; France
12 ADO FRA SPA
Remarks: amplexicaulis agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus alismoides Bory; Ann. Gen. Sci. Phys. 3: 13 (1820)
= Ranunculus angustifolius subsp. uniflorus (Boiss.) Molero Mesa & Pérez Raya; Fl. Sierra Nevada: 91 (1987)
= Ranunculus naudoi Sennen; Diagn. Nouv.: 5 (1936)
= Ranunculus pyrenaeus subsp. alismoides (Bory) O.Bolós & Font Quer; Collect. Bot. (Barcel.) 6: 355 (1962)
= Ranunculus pyrenaeus subsp. angustifolius (DC.) Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France 1: 81 (1893)
species :
Ranunculus angustilobulus (Julin) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 132 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden
10 SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. angustilobulus Julin
species :
Ranunculus angustior (Markl.) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 133 (1992)
Distribution: Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; N-European Russia; NW-European Russia
14 BLR EST LAT LIT RUS
Remarks: auricomus agg., cassubicus subagg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus cassubicus subsp. angustior Markl.
= Ranunculus cassubicus subsp. fedorovii Fagerstr.
= Ranunculus fedorovii (Fagerstr.) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 140 (1992)
species :
Ranunculus angustipetalus Merr. & L.M.Perry; J. Arnold Arbor. 24: 37 (1943)
Distribution: New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
species :
Ranunculus angustiscutatus A.C.Leslie; Fl. Gr. Brit. Ireland 1: 674 (2018)
Name: Fingered Goldilocks Buttercup
Distribution: England (Suffolk)
10 GRB
Remarks: auricomus agg.
species :
Ranunculus angustitorus (Julin) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 133 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden
10 SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. angustitorus Julin; Opera Bot. 57: 19 (1980)
species :
Ranunculus angustus (Julin) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 133 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden
10 SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. angustus Julin
species :
Ranunculus anisodon (Markl.) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 133 (1992)
Distribution: Finland
10 FIN
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. anisodon Markl.
species :
Ranunculus anisophyllus (Markl.) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 133 (1992)
Distribution: Finland
10 FIN
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. anisophyllus Markl.
species :
Ranunculus antygodon (Markl. ex Fagerstr.) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 133 (1992)
Distribution: Finland
10 FIN
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. antygodon Markl. ex Fagerstr.; Acta Soc. Fauna Flora Fenn. 82(4): 4 (1976)
species :
Ranunculus antygophyllus (Markl.) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 133 (1992)
Distribution: Finland; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; C-European Russia; N-European Russia; NW-European Russia
10 FIN 14 EST LAT LIT RUS
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus fallax subsp. antygophyllus Markl.
species :
Ranunculus apenninus (Chiov.) Pignatti; Giorn. Bot. Ital. 116: 94 (1983)
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
Remarks: breyninus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus montanus var. apenninus Chiov.; Bull. Soc. Bot. ltal. 1892: 295 (1892)
species :
Ranunculus apertiformis (Julin) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 133 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden
10 SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. apertiformis Julin
species :
Ranunculus apertisinus (Julin) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 133 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden
10 SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. apertisinus Julin
species :
Ranunculus apertus (Markl. & Julin) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 133 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden; Finland
10 FIN SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. apertus Markl. & Julin
species :
Ranunculus apheles (Markl.) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 133 (1992)
Distribution: Finland
10 FIN
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. apheles Markl.
species :
Ranunculus apiculatus (Fagerstr.) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 133 (1992)
Distribution: Finland
10 FIN
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. apiculatus Fagerstr.
species :
Ranunculus apiifolius Pers.; Syn. Pl. (Pers.) 2(1): 105 (1806)
Name: Apio cimarrón [Chile]
Distribution: S-Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina); Paraguay (Central); Uruguay (Canelones, Montevideo, Rocha); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Chaco, Entre Rios, La Pampa, Santiago del Estero, Santa Fe, Tucuman); Chile (Valparaíso, O´Higgins, Maule, Ñuble, Biobío, Araucanía, Los Lagos)
84 BRA 85 ARG CLE PAR URU
Remarks: belongs in Ranunculus fide Emadzade et al. 2010
Synonyms: hidden
= Aphanostemma apiifolia (Pers.) A.St.-Hil.; Fl. Bras. Merid. 1: 13 (1825)
species :
Ranunculus appropinquans (Markl. ex Fagerstr.) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 133 (1992)
Distribution: Finland
10 FIN
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. appropinquans Markl. ex Fagerstr.; Acta Soc. Fauna Flora Fenn. 82(4): 6 (1976)
species :
Ranunculus aquatilis L.; Sp. Pl. 556 (1753)
Name: Gewöhnlicher Wasser-Hahnenfuß, Echter Wasser-Hahnenfuß (DE), White water crowfoot (EN)
Distribution: England; Ireland; Denmark; Norway; Sweden; Finland; Netherlands; Belgium; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Spain; France; Channel Isl.; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Romania; Bulgaria; Crete; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; N-European Russia; W-European Russia; Moldova; Ukraine; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Afghanistan (Badakshan); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel); Jordania (W-Jordania)
10 DEN FIN GRB IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN NET POL SLO SWI 12 CIS COR FRA SAR SPA 13 BIH BUL CRO ITA KOS KRI MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SRB 14 BLR EST LAT LIT MLD RUS UKR 20 ALG MOR TUN 34 AFG ISR JOR
Remarks: Subgen. Batrachium. Records from further east belong to R. mongolicus. Records from North and South America belong to R. mongolicus and R. nipponicus. The listed synonymy is probably too extensive, and some names might belong elsewhere.
Synonyms: hidden
= Batrachium aquatile (L.) Dumort.; Fl. Belg.: 127 (1827)
= Batrachium aquatile (L.) Wimm.; Fl. Schles. 8 (1841), isonym
= Batrachium aquatile subsp. radians (Revelière) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 16: 371 (1970 publ. 1971)
= Batrachium aquatile var. capillaceum (Thuill.) Garrett; Spring Fl. Wasatch, ed. 3: 35 (1917)
= Batrachium aquatile var. heterophyllum (Weber) Spach; Hist. Nat. Vég. 7: 200 (1838)
= Batrachium aquatile var. radicans Spach; Hist. Nat. Vég. 7: 201 (1838)
= Batrachium aquatile var. submersum (Godr.) Janch.; 196 (1958), nom. inval., et 234 (1959)
= Batrachium aquatile var. succulentum (W.D.J.Koch) Frueth & Hallier; Hallier & Wohlf., 26 (1890)
= Batrachium aquatile var. terrestre F.W.Schultz; 13 (1845)
= Batrachium aquatile var. tripartitum F.W.Schultz; 13 (1845)
= Batrachium argutum Opiz; Seznam 21 (1852)
= Batrachium caespitosum var. aquaticum (Godr.) F.W.Schultz; 14 (1845)
= Batrachium caespitosum var. terrestre (Godr.) F.W.Schultz; 14 (1845)
= Batrachium capillaceum (Thuill.) Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 722 (1821 publ. 1822)
= Batrachium carinatum Schur; Verh. Naturf. Vereins Brünn 15(2): 28 (1877)
= Batrachium circinatoides Arv.-Touv.; Bull. Soc. Dauphin. Échange Pl. 4: 105 (1877)
= Batrachium diversifolium (Gilib.) Miniaev; Konsp. Fl. Pskov. Obl., Leningrad: 78 (1970), nom. illeg.
= Batrachium diversifolium Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 15 (1878)
= Batrachium friesii Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 15 (1878)
= Batrachium gilibertii V.I.Krecz.; Kom., Fl. URSS 7: 345 (1937)
= Batrachium godronii (Gren.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 16 (1878)
= Batrachium heterophyllum (Weber) Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 721 (1821 publ. 1822)
= Batrachium heterophyllum var. peltatum Gray; 722 (1821)
= Batrachium luteolum Revelière; Cf. Bull. Soc. Bot. France 12: Bibliog. 258 (1865)
= Batrachium mongolicum var. suberadicatum Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 31: 76 (1998)
= Batrachium peltatum (Moench) Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin Aneb. Rostl. 1: Rammic. 49 (1823)
= Batrachium pantothrix A.Heller; Muhlenbergia 7: 139 (1912)
= Batrachium radians (Revelière) Dumort.; Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belg. 2: 215 (1863)
= Batrachium sajanense (Regel & Radde) V.I.Krecz.; Komarov, Fl. URSS 7: 340 (1937)
= Batrachium triphyllum (Wallr.) Dumort; Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belg. 2: 214 (1863)
= Ranunculus acutilobus Merino; Fl. Galicia 1: 38 (1905)
= Ranunculus aquaticus Neck.; Delic. Gallo-Belg. 1: 242 (1768)
= Ranunculus aquatilis f. tripartitus (Nolte) Godr.; 19 (1840)
= Ranunculus aquatilis subsp. diversifolius Ehrh.; Hannover. Mag. 18: 225 (1780)
= Ranunculus aquatilis subsp. radians (Revel) A.R.Clapham; Fl. Brit. Isles: 98 (1952)
= Ranunculus aquatilis var. arcticus Durand; Pl. Kaneanae Groenl.: 185 (1856)
= Ranunculus aquatilis var. capillaceus (Thuill.) DC.; Lam. & A. P. de Candolle, Fl. Franç., éd. 3 4: 894 (1805)
= Ranunculus aquatilis var. cornutus Merrem; 259 (1809)
= Ranunculus aquatilis var. diversifolius Ehrh.; 20 (1790), nom. inval.
= Ranunculus aquatilis var. diversifolius Schltdl.; 303 (1823)
= Ranunculus aquatilis var. fluitans Gren. & Godr.; 23 (1847), nom. illeg.
= Ranunculus aquatilis var. heterophyllus (Weber) DC.; Syst. Nat. [DC.] 1: 234 (1817)
= Ranunculus aquatilis var. heterophyllus (Weber) Godr.; 17 (1840), nom. illeg.
= Ranunculus aquatilis var. heterophyllus (Weber) Merrem; 258 (1809)
= Ranunculus aquatilis var. leiospermus Wallr.; 282 (1822)
= Ranunculus aquatilis var. natans T.Marsson; 10 (1869)
= Ranunculus aquatilis var. peltatus DC.; Syst. Nat. 1: 235 (1817)
= Ranunculus aquatilis var. radians (Revel) Fiek; 9 (1881)
= Ranunculus aquatilis var. submersus Gren. & Godr.; 23 (1847)
= Ranunculus aquatilis var. succulentus W.D.J.Koch; 11 (1836)
= Ranunculus aquatilis var. terrestris Godr.; 17 (1840)
= Ranunculus aquatilis var. terrestris T.Marsson; 10 (1869)
= Ranunculus aquatilis var. tripartitus (Nolte) W.D.J.Koch; 11 (1836)
= Ranunculus bauhini Tausch; Flora 17: 525 (1834)
= Ranunculus beckii G.Don; Gen. Hist. 1: 39 (1831)
= Ranunculus capillaceus Thuill.; Fl. Env. Paris, ed. 2: 278 (1799)
= Ranunculus capillaris Gaterau; Descr. Pl. Montauban: 102 (1789)
= Ranunculus carinatus (Schur) Freyn; A. J. R. Kerner, Sched. Fl. Exs. Austro-Hung. 1: 21 (1881)
= Ranunculus commutatus Badarò; Giorn. Fis., ser. 2, 9: 81 (1826)
= Ranunculus diversifolius (Ehrh.) Schrank; Baier. Fl. 2: 103 (1789)
= Ranunculus diversifolius Gilib.; Fl. Lit. Inch. 2: 262 (1782), opus utique oppr.
= Ranunculus elongatus F.W.Schultz; Billotia 1: 113 (1869)
= Ranunculus gmelinii Schltdl.; Animadv. Bot. Ranunc. Cand. 2: 35 (1820)
= Ranunculus godronii (Gren.) Gren.; Rev. Fl. Monts Jura: 25 (1865)
= Ranunculus grayanus Freyn; Deutsche Bot. Monatsschr. 8: 179 (1890)
= Ranunculus hederaceus var. hederifolius (Hiern) G.Lawson; Proc. & Trans. Roy. Soc. Canada 2(4): 44 (1884)
= Ranunculus heterophyllus Pers.; 105 (1806), nom. illeg.
= Ranunculus heterophyllus var. lobatus Wender.; 179 (1846), nom. illeg.
= Ranunculus heterophyllus var. tripartitus (Sturm) Wender.; 179 (1846)
= Ranunculus heterophyllus Weber; F. H. Wiggins, Prim. Fl. Holsat.: 42 (1780)
= Ranunculus hydrocharis f. hederifolius Hiern; J. Bot. 9: 67 (1871)
= Ranunculus hydrocharis Spenn.; Fl. Friburg. 3: 1007 (1829), nom. illeg.
= Ranunculus hydrocharis subsp. heterophyllus Spenn.; 1008 (1829), nom. illeg.
= Ranunculus hydrocharis var. capillaceus (Thuill.) Spenn.; Fl. Friburg. 3: 2008 (1829)
= Ranunculus hydrocharis var. tripartitus Spenn.; 1008 (1829)
= Ranunculus hydrocharis var. vulgaris Spenn.; 1008 (1829)
= Ranunculus hypotrichus Turcz.; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 27(II): 275 bis (1854 publ. 1855)
= Ranunculus pantothrix var. capillaceus (Thuill.) DC.; Syst. Nat. 1: 235 (1817)
= Ranunculus paucistamineus var. radians (Revel) Zapal.; 207 (1909)
= Ranunculus paui Sennen; Monde Pl. 29(173): 6 (1928)
= Ranunculus pectinatus Dubois; Méth. Éprouv.: 454 (1803)
= Ranunculus peltatus Moench; Methodus (Moench) 214 (1794), nom. illeg.
= Ranunculus peltatus var. heterophyllus (Coss. & Germ.) Meijden; Gorteria 11(4): 92 (1982)
= Ranunculus radians Revel; Actes Soc. Linn. Bordeaux 19: 120 (1853)
= Ranunculus submersus (Godr.) Godr.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 6: 498 (1859)
= Ranunculus tripartitus Nolte; Novit. Fl. Holsat.: 51 (1826)
= Ranunculus triphyllus Wallr.; Linnaea 14: 584 (1840)
species :
Ranunculus arachnoideus C.A.Mey.; Verz. Pfl. Caucasus 201 (1831)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Azerbaijan
33 AZE GEO NCS
species :
Ranunculus aragonensis Dunkel; Stapfia 112: 9 (2021)
Distribution: Spain (Aragon, Rioja, Alava)
12 SPA
Remarks: auricomus agg., aragonensis group
species :
Ranunculus archangelicus Fagerstr. ex Sennikov; Komarovia (2006), nom. nov.
Distribution: C-European Russia; E-European Russia; N-European Russia; NW-European Russia
14 RUS
Remarks: auricomus agg., cassubicus subagg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus cassubicus subsp. archangeliensis Fagerstr.
= Ranunculus archangelensis (Fagerstr.) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 133 (1992)
species :
Ranunculus arcogoticus Dunkel; Stapfia 111: 66 (2019)
Distribution: Slovenia
13 SLV
Remarks: auricomus agg., phragmiteti group
species :
Ranunculus arcticus Richardson; J. Franklin, Narr. Journey Polar Sea: 741 (1823)
Name: Northern buttercup
Distribution: European Russia; Siberia (Buryatia, Chita, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, W-Siberia, Yakutia); Alaska; Greenland; Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Labrador, Manitoba, Newfoundland, Northern Territories, Nunavut, Ontario, Québec, Saskatchewan, Yukon); USA (Arizona, Colorado, Minnesota, Montana, North Dakota, Nevada, Utah, Washington State, Wyoming)
14 RUS 30 SIB 70 ASK CDN GNL 71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus affinis R.Br.; Chlor. Melvill.: 7 (1823)
= Ranunculus affinis var. apetalus G.Don; Gen. Hist. 1: 35 (1831)
= Ranunculus affinis var. lasiocarpus Torr.; C. Wilkes, U. S. Expl. Exped. 17(Bot. 2): 213 (1874)
= Ranunculus affinis var. leiocarpus Trautv.; A. T. von Middendorff, Reise Sibir. 1(2
= Ranunculus affinis var. subintegrifolius G.Don; Gen. Hist. 1: 35 (1831)
= Ranunculus dahuricus Turcz. ex Ledeb.; Fl. Ross. (Ledeb.) 1(3): 732 (1843)
= Ranunculus eastwoodianus L.D.Benson; Amer. J. Bot. 27: 804 (1940)
= Ranunculus eschscholtzii A.Gray; Am. J. Sci. Ser. II. 33: 241, partim (1862)
= Ranunculus pedatifidus subsp. affinis (R.Br.) Hultén; Ark. Bot. (n. s.) 7(1): 58 (1968)
= Ranunculus pedatifidus subsp. arcticus (Richardson) Luferov; Turczaninovia 7(1): 61 (2004)
= Ranunculus pedatifidus var. affinis (R.Br.) L.D.Benson; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 52: 355 (1954)
= Ranunculus pedatifidus var. leiocarpus (Trautv.) Fernald; Rhodora 19: 138 (1917)
= Ranunculus wilanderi (Nath.) Á.Löve & D.Löve; Bot. Not. 114: 39 (1961)
species :
Ranunculus arctophilus (Markl. ex Fagerstr. & G.Kvist) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 133 (1992)
Distribution: Norway; N-European Russia
10 NOR 14 RUS
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. arctophilus Markl. ex Fagerstr. & G.Kvist; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 17(3): 303 (1980)
species :
Ranunculus arcuatus Charit.; Dopoln. Fl. i Rastitel´n. Yuga Zapadnoi Sibiri 165 (2020)
Distribution: Siberia (W-Siberia)
30 SIB
Remarks: provisionally accepted name, will highly likely turn out to be a synonym of a more widespread species
species :
Ranunculus arcuiformans (Julin) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 133 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden
10 SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. arcuiformans Julin
species :
Ranunculus argillicola A.C.Leslie; Fl. Gr. Brit. Ireland 1: 673 (2018)
Name: Boulder Clay Goldilocks Buttercup
Distribution: England (Cambridge)
10 GRB
Remarks: auricomus agg.
species :
Ranunculus argoviensis W.Koch; Ber. Schweiz. Bot. Ges. 49: 544 (1939)
Name: Aargauer Goldhahnenfuß (DE)
Distribution: Germany (Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Saarland, Sachsen); Switzerland; France (Alsace)
11 GER SWI 12 FRA
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. argoviensis (W.Koch) R.Engel; Bull. Assoc. Philom. Alsace Lorraine 13: 83 (1968)
species :
Ranunculus argyreus Boiss.; Ann. Sci. Nat. ser. 2, 16: 352 (1841), as ´argyraeus´
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: oxyspermus agg.
species :
Ranunculus ariodon (Julin) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 133 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden
10 SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. ariodon Julin; Opera Bot. 57: 21 (1980)
species :
Ranunculus arizonicus Lemmon ex A.Gray; Proc. Am. Acad. 21: 370 (1886)
Name: Arizona buttercup
Distribution: USA (Arizona, New Mexico); Mexico (Sonora, Chihuahua, Durango)
76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus arizonicus var. chihuahuanus L.D.Benson; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 40: 147 (1948)
= Ranunculus palmifolius Standl.; Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Bot. Ser. 17: 246 (1937)
species :
Ranunculus armingfordensis A.C.Leslie; Fl. Gr. Brit. Ireland 1: 673 (2018)
Name: Buff Goldilocks Buttercup
Distribution: England (Cambridgeshire)
10 GRB
Remarks: auricomus agg.
species :
Ranunculus arschantynicus Kamelin, Shmakov & S.V.Smirn.; Turczaninovia 7(3): 6 (2004)
Distribution: Mongolia
37 MON
species :
Ranunculus arvensis L.; Sp. Pl. 555 (1753)
Name: Acker-Hahnenfuß (DE), Corn buttercup (EN); Ranunculo campestre (ES)
Distribution: England; Ireland; Denmark; Norway; Sweden; Finland [I]; Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, +Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, +Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, +Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; ?Liechtenstein; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; ?Andorra; Baleares; France; Channel Isl.; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Malta; San Marino; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Estonia [I]; Belarus; Moldova; Ukraine; Crimea; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt (NW-coastal Egypt); Madeira (Madeira Isl.); Canary Isl. (Gran Canaria); Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq); Iran (N-Iran, NW-Iran, W-Iran, C-Iran, E-Iran, S-Iran); Afghanistan (Baghlan, Faryab, Ghorat, Herat, Kabul, Kandahar, Kunar / Nuristan, Wardak, Nangarhar, Paktia / Khost, Parwan, Takhar); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, Jazira, NW-Syria, Jbel Druze, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, N-Negev Desert, Judean Desert); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); China [I] (Anhui [I], Hubei [I]); Japan [I]; Pakistan (widespread); Nepal; India (Arunachal Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Punjab, Uttarakhand); Australia [I] (New South Wales [I], Tasmania [I]); New Zealand [I]; USA [I] (Alabama [I], Arkansas [I], California [I], District of Columbia [I], Georgia [I], Idaho [I], Illinois [I], Kansas [I], Louisiana [I], Maryland [I], Missouri [I], Mississippi [I], Montana [I], North Carolina [I], New Jersey [I], New York [I], Ohio [I], Oregon [I], Pennsylvania [I], South Carolina [I], Tennessee [I], Utah [I], Washington State [I], West Virginia [I]); Chile [I] (Maule [I], Ñuble [I], Biobío [I])
10 DEN fin GRB IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 BAL CIS COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MLT MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SMA SRB TUE 14 BLR est KRY MLD UKR 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 21 CNY MDR 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR 36 chi 38 jap 40 IND NEP PAK 50 aus 51 nzl 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 78 usa 85 cle
Synonyms: hidden
= Cynomorbium heterophyllum Opiz; Fl. Caslav. Cent. 3: 255, 261 (1804)
= Hegiella arvensis (L.) Börner; 306 (1912)
= Hegiella inermis (W.D.J.Koch) Börner; 306 (1912)
= Hericinia arvensis (L.) Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyun, N. S. 16: 325 (1868)
= Pachyloma arvense (L.) Spach; Hist. Veg. Phan. 7: 195 (1839)
= Pfundia arvensis (L.) Opiz; Seznam, 73 (1852), et in Lotos 4: 43 (1854)
= Ranunculus arvensis subsp. tuberculatus (DC.) Ces.; Car. Catt., 286 (1844)
= Ranunculus arvensis var. cornutus Wender.; 176 (1846)
= Ranunculus arvensis var. echinatissimus (Blatt.) Qureshi & Chaudhri; Pakistan Syst., 4(1-2): 184 (1988)
= Ranunculus arvensis var. inermis Fayaz & Dar; Pleione 11(2): 471 (2017), nom. illeg.
= Ranunculus arvensis var. inermis W.D.J.Koch; Deutschl. Fl. (Mertens & W. D. J. Koch), ed. 3. 4: 188 (1833)
= Ranunculus arvensis var. leiocarpos Rchb.; 725 (1832)
= Ranunculus arvensis var. reticulatus (J.J.Schmitz & Regel) Garcke; 10 (1854)
= Ranunculus arvensis var. segetalis (Kit.) Rchb.; 725 (1832)
= Ranunculus arvensis var. tuberculatus (DC.) W.D.J.Koch; 188 (1833)
= Ranunculus arvensis var. vulgaris F.W.Schultz; 21 (1845)
= Ranunculus curvirostratus Bertol.; Mem. Reale Accad. Sci. Ist. Bologna, ser. 2, 4: 313 (1864)
= Ranunculus echinatissimus Blatt.; Journ. Ind. Bot. Soc. 9: 200 (1930)
= Ranunculus echinatus Crantz; Stirp. Austr. ed. I. fasc. 2: 95, ed. II. 118 (1763)
= Ranunculus fernandezii Blatt.; J. Indian Bot. Soc. 9: 199 (1930)
= Ranunculus reticulatus Regel & J.J.Schmitz ex Seub.; Flora 28: 334 (1845)
= Ranunculus segetalis Kit. ex Uechtr.; Flora 4: 40 (1821)
= Ranunculus tuberculatus Kit. ex Hornem.; Hort. Bot. Hafn. 2: 528 (1815)
species :
Ranunculus arvidii (Fagerstr.) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 133 (1992)
Distribution: Finland
10 FIN
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus fallax subsp. arvidii Fagerstr.; Acta Soc. Fauna Flora Fenn. 82(1): 6 (1974)
species :
Ranunculus arwidssonii (Julin) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 133 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden
10 SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. arwidssonii Julin
species :
Ranunculus ashibetsuensis Wiegleb; Acta Phytotax. Geobot., 39(4-6): 130 (1988)
Distribution: Russian Far East (Kamchatka, Kuril Isl., Sakhalin, ?Commander Isl.); Japan (Hokkaido)
31 RFE 38 JAP
Remarks: Subgen. Batrachium
Synonyms: hidden
= Batrachium ashibetsuense (Wiegleb) A.A.Bobrov; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 99(9): 1032 (2014)
species :
Ranunculus asiaticus L.; Sp. Pl. 552 (1753)
Name: Asiatischer Hahnenfuß (DE); Asiatic Buttercup (EN)
Distribution: Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Libya; Egypt (NW-coastal Egypt); East Aegaean Isl. (Rhodos, Karpathos); Turkey (S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia, W-Iraq: Desert); Iran (S-Iran, W-Iran); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, Jazira, NW-Syria, Jbel Druze, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, N-Negev Desert, Judean Desert); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, N-Sinai); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Taiwan [I]; Bolivia [I]
13 GRC KRI 20 EGY LBY 34 CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SIN SYR TUR 38 tai 83 bol
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyprianthe anemonoides Spach; Hist. Veg. Phan. 7: 221 (1839)
= Cyprianthe asiatica (L.) Freyn; M. Willkomm & J. M. C. Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 3: 942 (1880)
= Ranunculus asiaticus subsp. latilobus Vierh.; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 84: 133 (1935)
= Ranunculus asiaticus subsp. tenuilobus (Boiss.) Vierh.; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 84: 134 (1935)
= Ranunculus asiaticus var. bereniceus Pamp.; Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 24: 136 (1917)
= Ranunculus asiaticus var. bicolor Pamp.; Boll. Soc. Bot. Ital. 1914: 14 (1914)
= Ranunculus asiaticus var. flavus Sickenb.; Mem. Inst. Egypte 4 2: 171 (1901)
= Ranunculus asiaticus var. grandiflorus Beg. & Vacc.; Ann. Bot. (Rome) 12: 105 (1913)
= Ranunculus asiaticus var. intermedius Pamp.; Archiv. Bot. 12: 28 (1936)
= Ranunculus asiaticus var. puniceus Dörfl.
= Ranunculus asiaticus var. sanguineus DC.
= Ranunculus asiaticus var. variegatus Sickenb.; Mem. Inst. Egypte 4 2: 171 (1901)
= Ranunculus flammipetalus Gand.; Fl. Cret. 6, No. 39 (1916), et in Bull. Soc. Bot. France 63: 225 (1916) (1919)
= Ranunculus garianicus Borzì & Mattei; Boll. Reale Orto Bot. Palermo 11: 239 (1912)
= Ranunculus hortensis Pers.; Syn. Pl. (Pers.) 2(1): 104 (1806)
= Ranunculus sanguineus Mill.; Gard. Dict., ed. 8. n. 10 (1768)
species :
Ranunculus asplundii (Julin) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 133 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden
10 SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. asplundii Julin; Opera Bot. 57: 22 (1980)
species :
Ranunculus asterodes (Markl. ex Fagerstr.) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 133 (1992)
Distribution: Finland
10 FIN
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. asterodes Markl. ex Fagerstr.; Acta Soc. Fauna Flora Fenn. 82(4): 9 (1976)
species :
Ranunculus asymmetrus (Julin) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 133 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden
10 SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. asymmetrus Julin
species :
Ranunculus atlanticus Ball; Fl. Algerie [Batt. & Trabut] Dicot.: 9 (1888)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Remarks: acris agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus acris var. atlanticus (Ball) Maire; Fl. Afrique N. 11: 162 (1964)
= Ranunculus acris subsp. atlanticus Ball; J. Bot. 11: 296 (1873)
species :
Ranunculus atriviolascens (Markl.) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 133 (1992)
Distribution: Finland
10 FIN
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. atriviolascens Markl.
species :
Ranunculus atrovirens (Markl. ex Fagerstr.) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 133 (1992)
Distribution: Finland
10 FIN
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. atrovirens Markl. ex Fagerstr.; Acta Soc. Fauna Flora Fenn. 82(2): 3 (1975)
species :
Ranunculus attenuans (Julin) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 133 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden
10 SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. attenuans Julin; Opera Bot. 57: 23 (1980)
species :
Ranunculus attenuilobus A.C.Leslie; Fl. Gr. Brit. Ireland 1: 676 (2018)
Name: Beautiful Goldilocks Buttercup
Distribution: England (Surrey, Kent)
10 GRB
Remarks: auricomus agg.
species :
Ranunculus attingens (Markl.) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 133 (1992)
Distribution: Finland; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; C-European Russia; N-European Russia; NW-European Russia
10 FIN 14 EST LAT LIT RUS
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus fallax subsp. attingens Markl.
species :
Ranunculus aucheri Boiss.; Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 2, 16: 351 (1841)
Distribution: Azerbaijan (Nachichevan, Talysh); Turkey (E-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Iran (EC-Iran, N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran); Pakistan (Chitral, Dras); NW-India (Jammu & Kashmir, Ladakh)
33 AZE 34 IRN IRQ TUR 40 IND PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus elbrusensis var. aucheri (Boiss.) Parsa; Fl. Iran 2: 216 (1986)
= Ranunculus eriocarpus Boiss.; Ann. Sci. Nat. ser. 2, 16: 351 (1841)
species :
Ranunculus augustanus Pignatti; Giorn. Bot. Ital. 110: 210 (1976)
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
Remarks: auricomus agg.
species :
Ranunculus aurasiacus Pomel; Nouv. Mat. Fl. Atlant.: 379 (1875)
Distribution: Morocco; Algeria
20 ALG MOR
Remarks: breyninus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus aurasiacus var. ayachicus (Emb.) Emb. & Maire; Bull. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc 17: 224 (1937)
= Ranunculus aurasiacus var. djurdjurae Chabert; (1889)
= Ranunculus aurasiacus var. pseudodemissus Chabert; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 36: 17 (1889)
= Ranunculus dyris var. ayachicus Emb.; Bull. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc 15: 198 (1936)
= Ranunculus geraniifolius subsp. aurasiacus (Pomel) Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 15: 71 (1924)
= Ranunculus geraniifolius var. ayachicus (Emb.) Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N.27: 205 (1936)
= Ranunculus geraniifolius var. mesatlanticus Maire
= Ranunculus montanus subsp. aurasiacus (Pomel) Maire; Emb. & Maire, Cat. Pl. Maroc: 993 (1941)
= Ranunculus montanus var. ayachicus (Emb.) Maire; Fl. Afrique N. 11: 149 (1964)
= Ranunculus montanus var. djurdjurae (Chabert) Maire
= Ranunculus montanus var. mesatlanticus (Maire) Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Afr. Nord 15: 3 (1927)
species :
Ranunculus aureopetalus Kom.; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Obshch. Estestvoisp., Vyp. 3, Otd. Bot. 26: 55 (1896)
Distribution: Uzbekistan; Tajikistan
32 TZK UZB
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus sciatrophus Ovcz.; Bot. Mater. Gerb. Bot. Inst. Uzbekistansk. Akad. Nauk SSSR 3: 29 (1941)
species :
Ranunculus auricomiformis Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 10: 223, in clavi, 228 (1964), et in Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 11: 398 (1965)
Distribution: Slovakia; Hungary
11 HUN SLO
Remarks: auricomus agg.
species :
Ranunculus auricomus L.; Sp. Pl. 551 (1753) s. str.
Name: Goldschopf-Hahnenfuß, Goldgelber Hahnenfuß
Distribution: Sweden
10 SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg. Typification of nominate form see Kvist 1987
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculastrum auricomum (L.) Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, N. S. 16: 324 (1868)
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. obtusulus (Markl.) Markl. ex Fagerstr.
= Ranunculus obtusulus Markl.; Memoranda Soc. Fauna Fl. Fenn. 16: 49 (1940)
= Ranunculus variifolius Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton: 373 (1796)
species :
Ranunculus aurosulus (Markl.) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 134 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden; Finland
10 FIN SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. aurosulus Markl.
species :
Ranunculus austrokarelicus (Fagerstr.) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 134 (1992)
Distribution: Finland
10 FIN
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus fallax subsp. austrokarelicus Fagerstr.
species :
Ranunculus austrooreganus L.D.Benson; Amer. Midl. Nat. 52: 341 (1954)
Name: Southern Oregon buttercup
Distribution: USA (SW-Oregon)
73 USA
Remarks: Status doubtful, possibly to R. occidentalis var. howellii
Conservation Status: Of conservation concern
species :
Ranunculus aydogdui Karaman, Teksen & H.Duman; Nordic J. Bot. 39(1)-e02980: 2 (2021)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Ranunculus badachschanicus Ovcz. & Kochk.; Fl. Tadzhikskoi SSR 4: 534 (1975)
Distribution: Tajikistan
32 TZK
species :
Ranunculus baeckii (Fagerstr. & G.Kvist) Ericsson; Svensk Bot. Tidskr., et in Ann. Bot. Fenn. 86(2): 78 (1992) 29(2): 134 (1992)
Distribution: Norway; Sweden; Finland
10 FIN NOR SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. baeckii Fagerstr. & G.Kvist; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 19(1): 53 (1982)
species :
Ranunculus baguetii (Demarsin) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 134 (1992)
Distribution: Belgium
11 BGM
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. baguetii Demarsin
species :
Ranunculus baidarae Rupr.; Fl. Cauc. 22 (1869)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan
33 ARM AZE GEO NCS
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus ginkgolobus Sommier & Levier; Bull. Soc. Bot. Ital. (1893) 524, et Ser. II. 1: 8 (1894) et in Act. Hort. Petrop. 13: 184 (1894)
= Ranunculus villarsii subsp. baidarae (Rupr.) N.Busch; Mat. Fl. Kavk. 3 3: 169 (1903)
= Ranunculus dzhavakheticus Ovcz.; Komarov, Fl. URSS 7: 438, 744 (1937)
species :
Ranunculus balangshanicus W.T.Wang; Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin 7(2): 105-107, pl. 2, f. 7-9 (1987)
Distribution: China (NW-Sichuan)
36 CHI
species :
Ranunculus balatonensis Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 11: 403 (1965)
Distribution: Hungary
11 HUN
Remarks: provisionally accepted name, auricomus agg.
species :
Ranunculus baldensis Dunkel; Webbia 65(2): 203 (2010)
Distribution: N-Italy (Mte. Baldo)
13 ITA
Remarks: auricomus agg.
species :
Ranunculus balikunensis J.G.Liu; Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin 12(3): 235-236, f. 1 (1992)
Distribution: China (E-Xinjiang)
36 CHI
species :
Ranunculus balkharicus N.Busch; Trav. Mus. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS. 19: 79 (1926)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]
33 GEO NCS
species :
Ranunculus bamianicus Podlech; Mitt. Bot. Staatssamml. München 17: 479 (1981)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Bamyan, Wardak)
34 AFG
species :
Ranunculus bangii Lourteig; Mem. Soc. Cienc. Nat. La Salle 16: (Ranunc. Südamer. Trop.) 147 (1956)
Distribution: Bolivia (La Paz)
83 BOL
species :
Ranunculus banguoensis L.Liou; Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 28: 362, t. 88, f. 9-10 (1980)
Distribution: China (SW-Qinghai); C-Tibet (Baingoin Xian)
36 CHI TIB
variant :
var. grandiflorus W.T.Wang; Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin 15(2): 177 (1995)
Distribution: SW-Tibet (Burang Xian)
36 TIB
species :
Ranunculus baranovianus Schegol. & A.V.Grebenjuk; Checkl. Vasc. Pl. Tian-Shan 115 (2021), nom. nov.
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Uzbekistan
32 KAZ UZB
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus longilobus Ovcz.; Bot. Mater. Gerb. Bot. Inst. Uzbekistansk. Fil. Akad. Nauk S. S. S. R. 3: 29 (1941), nom. illeg.
species :
Ranunculus bariscianus Dunkel; Webbia 66(2): 173 (2011)
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
Remarks: auricomus agg.
species :
Ranunculus basilobatus H.Eichler ex P.Royen; Alp. Fl. New Guinea 3: 1346 (1982)
Distribution: New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
species :
Ranunculus basiotrichus (Julin) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 134 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden
10 SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. basiotrichus Julin
species :
Ranunculus basitruncatus Borch.-Kolb; Mitt. Bot. Staatssamml. München 21(1): 141 (1985)
Name: Abgestutzter Goldhahnenfuß (DE)
Distribution: Germany (Bayern, Sachsen)
11 GER
Remarks: auricomus agg.
species :
Ranunculus bathyodon (Markl. ex Fagerstr.) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 134 (1992)
Distribution: Finland
10 FIN
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. bathyodon Markl. ex Fagerstr.; Acta Soc. Fauna Flora Fenn. 82(2): 6 (1975)
species :
Ranunculus batrachioides Pomel; Bull. Soc. Sci. Phys. Algérie 11: 249 (1874)
subspecies :
subsp. batrachioides
Distribution: Sardinia; Morocco; Algeria
12 SAR 20 ALG MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus batrachioides var. mesatlanticus Maire; Fl. Afrique N. 11: 135 (1964)
= Ranunculus batrachioides var. xantholeucos (Coss. & Durieu) Maire; Fl. Afrique N. 11: 135 (1964)
= Ranunculus xantholeucos Coss. & Durieu; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 27: 67 (1880) (nom. illeg.)
subspecies :
subsp. brachypodus G.López; Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 41(2): 470 (1984 publ. 1985)
Distribution: C-Spain
12 SPA
subspecies :
subsp. maghrebianus Dobignard; Index Syn. Fl. Afrique N. 5: 191 (2013)
Distribution: Morocco; Algeria
20 ALG MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus batrachioides var. pusillus (Pomel) Batt.; [nom. inval.]
= Ranunculus pusillus Pomel; Nouv. Mat. Fl. Atlant.: 249 (1874) non Poir. [nom. illeg.]
species :
Ranunculus baudotii Godr.; Mém. Soc. Roy. Sci. Nancy 1839: 21 (1840)
Name: Brackwasser-Wasserhahnenfuß (DE)
Distribution: England; Ireland; Denmark; Finland; Netherlands; Belgium; Germany (Bayern [I], Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Schleswig-Holstein, +Saarland, +Sachsen-Anhalt); Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; Baleares; France; Channel Isl.; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Malta; Slovenia; Albania; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Estonia; Latvia; N-European Russia; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; East Aegaean Isl.
10 DEN FIN GRB IRE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN NET POL SLO 12 BAL CIS COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB GRC ITA MLT SIC SLV 14 EST LAT RUS 20 ALG MOR TUN 34 EAI
Remarks: Subgen. Batrachium. A genetically heterogenous mix of at least 3 species (Jopek et al. 2023) which needs to be sorted out.
Synonyms: hidden
= Batrachium baudotii (Godr.) F.W.Schultz; Arch. Fl. Fr. et Allem. 1: 71 (1844)
= Batrachium baudotii subsp. marinum (Arrh. & Fr. ex Fr.) Neuman; 506 (1901)
= Batrachium baudotii subsp. marinum (Arrh. & Fr. ex Fr.) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 32: 183 (2000), isonym
= Batrachium confusum (Godr.) Garcke; Fl. N. Mitt.-Deutschland. ed. 4: 7 (1858)
= Batrachium confusum (Gren.) Le Jol.; Mém. Soc. Imp. Sci. Nat. Cherbourg 7: 257 (1860), isonym
= Batrachium marinum Arrh. & Fr. ex Fr.; Nov. Fl. Suec., Mant. 3: 51 (1842)
= Batrachium salsuginosum Dumort.; Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belgique 2: 218 (1863)
= Ranunculus aquatilis subsp. baudotii (Godr.) Ball; Fl. Tunisie [Pottier-Alapetite] 1: 155 (1979)
= Ranunculus aquatilis subsp. baudotii (Godr.) Bonnier & Layens; 7 (1894), isonym
= Ranunculus aquatilis var. baudotii (Godr.) Batt.; Fl. Algèrie [Batt. & Trabut] Dicot.: 7 (1888)
= Ranunculus aquatilis var. confusus (Gren. & Godr.) Batt.; Fl. Algèrie [Batt. & Trabut] Dicot.: 7 (1888)
= Ranunculus baudotii subsp. marinus (Arrh. & Fr. ex Fr.) Lindm.; 287 (1926)
= Ranunculus baudotii var. confusus (Godr.) Syme; 25 (1863)
= Ranunculus baudotii var. fluitans Godr.; 22 (1847)
= Ranunculus baudotii var. godronii T.Marsson; 13 (1869)
= Ranunculus baudotii var. marinus (Arrh. & Fr. ex Fr.) T.Marsson; 14 (1869)
= Ranunculus baudotii var. natans T.Marsson; 13 (1869)
= Ranunculus baudotii var. submersus Godr.; Fl. France [Grenier & Godr.] 1: 22 (1847)
= Ranunculus baudotii var. terrestris Godr.; 22 (1847)
= Ranunculus baudotii var. vulgaris Syme; 25 (1863), nom. inval.
= Ranunculus confusus Gren.; J. C. M. Grenier & G. Gordon, Fl. France Corse 1: 22 (1847)
= Ranunculus confusus var. submersus Freyn; Willk. & Lange, 910 (1880)
= Ranunculus flaccidus subsp. confusus (Godr.) Hegi; 583 (1912)
= Ranunculus gelertii E.H.L.Krause; J. Sturm, Deutschl. Fl. Abbild., ed. 2, 5: 267 (1901)
= Ranunculus heterophyllus subsp. baudotii (Godr.) Moore & More; 5 (1866)
= Ranunculus marinus (Fr.) Hartm.; Handbk. Skand. Fl. ed. 4: 179 (1843)
= Ranunculus peltatus subsp. baudotii (Godr.) Meikle ex C.D.K.Cook; Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 40: 473 (1984)
= Ranunculus petiveri var. major W.D.J.Koch; 13 (1843)
= Ranunculus trichophyllos Loscos; Ser. Inconf. Pl. Aragon. 2 (1863)
species :
Ranunculus bayerae Borch.-Kolb; Mitt. Bot. Staatssamml. München 21(1): 226 (1985)
Name: Bayer-Goldhahnenfuß (DE)
Distribution: Germany (Bayern)
11 GER
Remarks: auricomus agg.
species :
Ranunculus bekesensis Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 10: 224, in clavi, 230 (1964), et in Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 11: 401 (1965)
Distribution: Hungary
11 HUN
Remarks: auricomus agg.
species :
Ranunculus bellicrenatus (Markl.) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 134 (1992)
Distribution: Finland
10 FIN
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus fallax subsp. bellicrenatus Markl.
species :
Ranunculus belliflorus Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 134 (1992), nom. nov.
Distribution: Finland
10 FIN
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. bellus Markl. ex Fagerstr.; Acta Soc. Fauna Flora Fenn. 82(1): 14 (1974)
species :
Ranunculus bellulus (Julin) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 134 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden
10 SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. bellulus Julin; Opera Bot. 57: 24 (1980)
species :
Ranunculus bellus Merr. & L.M.Perry; J. Arnold Arbor. 24: 37 (1943)
Distribution: New Guinea (Irian Jaya)
42 NWG
species :
Ranunculus beregensis Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 10: 223, in clavi, 228 (1964), et in Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 11: 398 (1965)
Distribution: Slovakia; Hungary
11 HUN SLO
Remarks: auricomus agg.
species :
Ranunculus bergeri W.Koch ex Brodtb.; Bauhinia 11(1): 69 (1993)
Name: Berger-Goldhahnenfuß (DE)
Distribution: Switzerland
11 SWI
Remarks: auricomus agg.
species :
Ranunculus bernatskyanus Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 11: 400 (1965)
Distribution: Serbia
13 SRB
Remarks: auricomus agg.
species :
Ranunculus bertisceus Kuzmanovic, D.Lakusic, Frajman & Schönsw.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 196(3): 402 (2021)
Name: Prokletije Buttercup (EN)
Distribution: Montenegro; Albania
13 ALB MNT
Remarks: alpestris agg., crenatus subagg.
species :
Ranunculus besandinus Dunkel; Stapfia 112: 32 (2021)
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
Remarks: auricomus agg.
species :
Ranunculus biclaterae Dunkel; Kochia 6: 79 (2012)
Name: Dreifrauen-Goldhahnenfuß (DE)
Distribution: Germany (Bayern)
11 GER
Remarks: auricomus agg.
species :
Ranunculus bicolor (Julin) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 134 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden
10 SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. bicolor Julin; Opera Bot. 57: 25 (1980)
species :
Ranunculus bicolor Charit.; Florogen. Komm. Zelenoi Knige Sibiri (Vysokogor´ya, Bolota, Tundry) 98 (2010)
Distribution: Siberia (W-Siberia)
30 SIB
Remarks: provisionally accepted name, will highly likely turn out to be a synonym of a more widespread species
species :
Ranunculus bidens H.Eichler ex P.Royen; Alp. Fl. New Guinea 3: 1343 (1982)
Distribution: New Guinea (Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
species :
Ranunculus biformis W.Koch; Ber. Schweiz. Bot. Ges. 42: 745 (1933)
Name: Zweigestaltiger Goldhahnenfuß (DE)
Distribution: Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Saarland, Sachsen, Thüringen); Switzerland; France
11 BGM GER LUX SWI 12 FRA
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. biformis (W.Koch) R.Engel; Bull. Assoc. Philom. Alsace Lorraine 13: 76 (1968)
species :
Ranunculus bikramii Aswal & Mehrotra; Indian J. Forest. 7(1): 62 (1984)
Distribution: India (Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Uttarakhand)
40 IND
species :
Ranunculus bilobus Bertol.; Mém. Reale Accad. Sci. Ist. Bologna 19: 171 (1858)
Name: Zweilappiger Hahnenfuß
Distribution: N-Italy (S-Alps)
13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus alpestris subsp. bilobus (Bertol.) O.Paun; Molec. Ecol. 17: 4271 (2008)
= Ranunculus bertolonii Hausm.; Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 8: 378, in textu (1858)
= Ranunculus crenatus Bertol.; Fl. Ital. 5: 514 (1845), nom. illeg., non Waldst. & Kit.
species :
Ranunculus binatus Rchb.; Fl. Germ. Excurs.: 723 (1832)
Distribution: Slovakia; ?Romania
11 SLO
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. binatus (Kit. ex Rchb.) Jasiewicz; Fl. Polski Rosl. Naczyniowe, ed. 2, 4: 72 (1985), without basionym ref.
species :
Ranunculus bingoeldaghensis Engin; Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 41: 77, ff. 1-2 (1983)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Ranunculus bipetiolatus Charit.; Florogen. Komm. Zelenoi Knige Sibiri (Vysokogor´ya, Bolota, Tundry) 100 (2010)
Distribution: Siberia (W-Siberia)
30 SIB
Remarks: provisionally accepted name, will highly likely turn out to be a synonym of a more widespread species
species :
Ranunculus biternatus Sm.; Rees, Cyclop. 29: n. 48 (1814)
Name: Antarctic Buttercup
Distribution: Argentina (Chubut, Santa Cruz, Tierra del Fuego); Chile (Los Lagos, Aisén, Magallanes); Macquarie Isl.; Marion Isl.; Prince Edward Isl.; Ile Amsterdam; Iles Crozet; Iles Kerguélen; Falkland Isl.; South Georgia Isl.
85 ARG CLE 91 ASP CRZ FAL KEG MAQ MPE SGE
Synonyms: hidden
= Batrachium biternatum (Sm.) Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin Aneb. Rostl. 1(Ranunc.): 49 (1823)
= Casalea biternata (Sm.) A.St.-Hil.; Fl. Bras. Merid. 1: 8. t. 9 (1825)
= Ranunculus commersonii DC. ex Poir.; Encyc. Suppl. 4: 662 (1816)
= Ranunculus exiguus d´Urv.; Mem. Soc. Linn. Paris 4: 615 (1826)
= Ranunculus flaccidus Banks & Sol. ex Hook.f.; non Pers.
= Ranunculus montteanus Phil.; Linnaea 30: 185 (1859 publ. 1860)
= Ranunculus montteanus var. obtusilobus Reiche; Anales Univ. Chile 85: 67 (1894)
species :
Ranunculus blandus (Markl.) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 134 (1992)
Distribution: Finland
10 FIN
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus fallax subsp. blandus Markl.
species :
Ranunculus blumei Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 2: 432 (1841)
Distribution: Java; Lesser Sunda Isl. (Bali)
42 JAW LSI
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus geranioides Blume; Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind.: 2 (1825)
species :
Ranunculus boecheri (Fagerstr. & G.Kvist) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 134 (1992)
Distribution: E-Greenland
70 GNL
Remarks: auricomus agg. One of very few sexually reproducing members of auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. boecheri Fagerstr. & G.Kvist; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 20(3): 241 (1983)
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. glabratus (Lynge) Fagerstr. & G.Kvist; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 20(3): 239 (1983)
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. hartzii Fagerstr. & G.Kvist; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 20(3): 243 (1983)
= Ranunculus glabratus (Lynge) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 140 (1992)
= Ranunculus hartzii (Fagerstr. & G.Kvist) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 141 (1992)
species :
Ranunculus boldtii (Markl.) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 134 (1992)
Distribution: Finland
10 FIN
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus fallax subsp. boldtii Markl.
species :
Ranunculus bonariensis Poir.; Encyc. 6: 102 (1804)
subspecies :
subsp. bonariensis
Distribution: Peru; WC-Brazil (Brasilia Distrito Federal); SE-Brazil (Rio de Janeiro); S-Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina); Paraguay (Caaguazu, Caazapa, Cordillera, Guaira, Paraguari, Pres. Hayes, San Pedro); Uruguay (Canelones, Florida Prov., Montevideo, Paysandu, Rivera, Rocha, San Jose, Soriano); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Chaco, Corrientes, Entre Rios, Formosa, Misiones, Santa Fe, Tucuman)
83 PER 84 BRA 85 ARG PAR URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Casalea ascendens A.St.-Hil.; Fl. Bras. Merid. 1: 8. t. 11 (1825)
= Casalea ficarifolia (Poir.) A.St.-Hil.; Fl. Bras. Merid. 1: 8. t. 10 (1825)
= Casalea ficarifolia var. minor A.St.-Hil.; Fl. Bras. Merid. 1: 10 (1824)
= Ranunculus adscendens Chodat & Hassl.; non Brot.
= Ranunculus adscendens var. paraguayensis Chodat; Bull. Herb. Boissier 6: 10 (1898)
= Ranunculus bonariensis f. major Chodat & Hassl.; Bull. Herb. Boissier, sér. 2, 3: 538 (1903)
= Ranunculus cordifolius Spreng.; Syst. Veg. (ed. 16) (Spreng.) 4(2, Cur. Post.): 218 (1827)
= Ranunculus montevidensis Arechav.; Anal. Mus. Montevid. Ser. II. 2: 29 (1905)
= Ranunculus ovalifolius Arechav.; Anal. Mus. Montevid. Ser. II. 2: 31 (1905)
subspecies :
subsp. jaunarii (Urb.) Molero; Fontqueria 7: 19 (1985)
Distribution: SE-Brazil (Rio de Janeiro); S-Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina)
84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus bonariensis var. jaunarii Urb.; Linnaea 43: 256 (1880-1882)
subspecies :
subsp. phyteumifolius (A.St.-Hil.) Molero; Fontqueria 7: 19 (1985)
Distribution: S-Brazil (Paraná); Paraguay (Canindeyu, Central, Concepcion, Cordillera, Guaira, Misiones, Paraguari, Pres. Hayes, San Pedro); Uruguay (Cerro Largo); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Chaco, Corrientes, Entre Rios, Formosa, Misiones, Santa Fe, San Juan)
84 BRA 85 ARG PAR URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Casalea phyteumifolia A.St.-Hil.; Fl. Bras. Merid. 1: 9 (1824)
= Casalea phyteumifolia var. bonariensis A.St.-Hil.; Fl. Bras. Merid. 1: 10 (1824)
= Ranunculus bonariensis var. phyteumifolius (A.St.-Hil.) Hicken ex Lourteig; Darwiniana 9: 462 (1951)
= Ranunculus phyteumifolius (A.St.-Hil.) Spreng.; Syst. Veg. (ed. 16) (Spreng.) 4(2, Cur. Post.): 218 (1827)
subspecies :
subsp. trisepalus (Gillies ex Hook. & Arn.) Molero; Fontqueria 7: 19 (1985)
Name: Carter´s buttercup
Distribution: USA (California); S-Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina); Uruguay (Canelones); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Cordoba, Argentina Distrito Federal, Entre Rios, La Pampa, Misiones, Santa Fe); Chile (Coquimbo, Valparaíso, Metropolitana de Santiago, O´Higgins, Maule, Ñuble, Biobío, Araucanía, Los Rios)
76 USA 84 BRA 85 ARG CLE URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus alveolatus A.M.Carter; Am. J. Bot. 26: 555 (1939)
= Ranunculus berteronianus Steud.; Nom. ed. II. 2: 432 (1841), nom. nud.
= Ranunculus bonariensis var. trisepalus (Gillies ex Hook. & Arn.) Lourteig; Darwiniana 9: 465 (1951)
= Ranunculus humilis Collie ex Hook.; Bot. Beechey Voy. 4, t. 2 (1830) p. p.
= Ranunculus obtusatus Poepp.; Fragm. Syn. Pl. 28. (1833)
= Ranunculus trisepalus Gillies ex Hook. & Arn.; Bot. Misc. 3: 133 (1833)
species :
Ranunculus borbasianus Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 10: 223, in clavi, 229 (1964), et in Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 11: 399 (1965)
Distribution: Hungary
11 HUN
Remarks: auricomus agg.
species :
Ranunculus borchers-kolbiae Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 134 (1992), nom. nov.
Name: Gestielter Goldhahnenfuß (DE)
Distribution: Germany (Bayern, Sachsen)
11 GER
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus petiolatus Borch.-Kolb; Mitt. Bot. Staatssamml. München 21(1): 257 (1985), nom. illeg., non H. Lév. & Vaniot
species :
Ranunculus boreigenus (Markl.) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 134 (1992)
Distribution: Finland
10 FIN
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus monophyllus subsp. boreigenus Markl.
species :
Ranunculus boreoapenninus Pignatti; Giorn. Bot. Ital., 110(3): 211 (1976)
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
Remarks: auricomus agg.
species :
Ranunculus botschantzevii Ovcz.; Bot. Mater. Gerb. Bot. Inst. Uzbekistansk. Akad. Nauk SSSR 3: 28 (1941)
Distribution: Uzbekistan; Tajikistan
32 TZK UZB
species :
Ranunculus bottnicus Ericsson; Svensk Bot. Tidskr., et in Ann. Bot. Fenn. 86(2): 78 (1992) 29(2): 134 (1992), nom. nov.
Distribution: Sweden
10 SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. dactylophyllus Julin; Bot. Not. 130(3): 288 (1977)
species :
Ranunculus bovioi Dunkel; Webbia 66(2): 184 (2011)
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
Remarks: auricomus agg.
species :
Ranunculus brabantianus (Demarsin) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 134 (1992)
Distribution: Belgium
11 BGM
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. brabantianus Demarsin
species :
Ranunculus brachygonophorus (Julin) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 134 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden
10 SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. brachygonophorus Julin
species :
Ranunculus brachylobus Boiss. & Hohen.; Boiss., Diagn. ser. 1, 8: 6 (1849)
subspecies :
subsp. brachylobus
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Iran (EC-Iran, N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran)
33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN IRQ TUR
Remarks: breyninus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus brachylobus var. buschii (Ovcz.) Parsa; Fl. Iran 2: 166 (1986)
= Ranunculus buschii Ovcz.; Komarov, Fl. URSS 7: 443, 744 (1937)
= Ranunculus gymnadenus Sommier & Levier; Bull. Soc. Bot. Ital. (1893) 524, et Ser. II. 1: 10 (1894), et in Act. Hort. Petrop. 13: 18 1 (1894)
= Ranunculus suaneticus Rupr.; Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint Pétersbourg, Sér. 7, 15(2): 21 (1869)
= Ranunculus tebulossicus Prima; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 59(3): 369 (1974)
= Ranunculus villarsii subsp. brachylobus (Boiss. & Hohen.) N.Busch; Mat. Fl. Kavk. 3 3: 169 (1903)
subspecies :
subsp. incisilobatus P.H.Davis; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 23: 129 (1960)
Distribution: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey
33 ARM AZE 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus araraticus (Rupr.) Grossh. ex Kem.-Nath.
= Ranunculus acutilobus f. araraticus Rupr.
species :
Ranunculus brachyphyllarius (Markl.) Ericsson; Svensk Bot. Tidskr., et in Ann. Bot. Fenn. 86(2): 78 (1992) 29(2): 134 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden; Finland
10 FIN SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. brachyphyllarius Markl.
species :
Ranunculus brachyschides (Julin) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 134 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden
10 SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. brachyschides Julin
species :
Ranunculus brassii H.Eichler; Biblioth. Bot. 31: Heft 124, 85 (1958)
Distribution: New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
species :
Ranunculus braun-blanquetii Pignatti; Giorn. Bot. Ital. 110: 215 (1976)
Distribution: N-Italy (Trento, Belluno, Mte. Baldo); Slovenia
13 ITA SLV
Remarks: auricomus agg., cassubicus subagg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus gardenensis Pignatti; Giorn. Bot. Ital. 110: 213 (1976)
species :
Ranunculus breitfeldii Dunkel; Kochia 15: 113 (2022)
Distribution: Germany (Sachsen)
11 GER
Remarks: auricomus agg.
species :
Ranunculus brevidens (Julin) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 135 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden
10 SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. brevidens Julin
species :
Ranunculus brevifidus (Julin) Ericsson; Svensk Bot. Tidskr., et in Ann. Bot. Fenn. 86(2): 78 (1992) 29(2): 135 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden
10 SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. brevifidus Julin; Opera Bot. 57: 27 (1980)
species :
Ranunculus brevifolius Ten.; Prodr. Fl. Nap. 1: 68 (1815)
Name: Kurzblättriger Hahnenfuß
Distribution: Italy; Montenegro; Albania; Greece; Crete; Turkey (SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia)
13 ALB GRC ITA KRI MNT 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus brevifolius subsp. pindicus (Hausskn.) E.Mayer; Razpr. Slov. Akad. Znan. Umetn., Razr. Prir Med. Vede 5: 26 (1960)
= Ranunculus brachyphyllus Ten.; Fl. Napol. 4: t. 149 (1830)
= Ranunculus thora Sm.; Fl. Graec. Prod. 1: 380 (1809)
species :
Ranunculus brevis Garn.-Jones; New Zealand J. Bot. 25(1): 126 (1987), nom. nov.
Distribution: New Zealand (South Isl.)
51 NZL
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus depressus Kirk; Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 12: 393 (1880)
species :
Ranunculus breviscapus DC.; Syst. Nat. [DC.] 1: 253 (1817)
Distribution: Peru; Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz)
83 BOL PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Oxygraphis breviscapa (DC.) Prantl; Bot. Jahrb. 9: 263 (1888)
= Casalea breviscapa (DC.) A.St.-Hil.; Fl. Bras. Merid. 1: 8. t. 9 (1825)
species :
Ranunculus brevistylus (Julin) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 135 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden
10 SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. brevistylus Julin; Opera Bot. 57: 28 (1980)
species :
Ranunculus brewisiae A.C.Leslie; Fl. Gr. Brit. Ireland 1: 676 (2018)
Name: Brewis´s Goldilocks Buttercup
Distribution: England (Hampshire)
10 GRB
Remarks: auricomus agg.
species :
Ranunculus breyninus Crantz; Stirp. Austr. Fasc. 2: 91 (1763)
Name: Gebirgs-Hahnenfuß (DE)
Distribution: Germany (Baden-Württemberg, Bayern); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Austria; Poland; Slovakia; France; Corsica; Italy; San Marino; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Romania; Ukraine; Crimea; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (E-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia); Iran (Iranian Aserbaijan)
11 AUT GER LIE POL SLO SWI 12 COR FRA 13 BIH CRO ITA KOS MNT NMA ROM SLV SMA SRB 14 KRY UKR 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN TUR
Remarks: breyninus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus acutidentatus Rupr.; Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint Pétersbourg, Sér. 7, 15(2): 286 (1869)
= Ranunculus acutilobus Ledeb.; Fl. Ross. 1: 40 (1841)
= Ranunculus aureus var. breyninus (Crantz) Rchb.; 724 (1832)
= Ranunculus aureus var. hornschuchii (Hoppe) Rchb.; 724 (1832)
= Ranunculus balcanicus Kümmerle & Jáv.; Bot. Közl. 19: 20 (1921)
= Ranunculus breynii J.F.Gmel.; Syst. Nat., ed. 13(bis). 2(1): 880 (1791)
= Ranunculus hornschuchii Hoppe; Sturm, Deutschl. Fl. 9, Abth. 19 46: vol. 11 (1826)
= Ranunculus makaschwilii Kem.-Nath.; Not. Syst. Geogr. Inst. Bot. Thbiliss., Fasc. 23, 31 (1963)
= Ranunculus montanus subsp. hornschuchii (Hoppe) Hegi; 566 (1912)
= Ranunculus montanus subsp. hornschuchii (Hoppe) Vollm.; Fl. Bayern: 278 (1914)
= Ranunculus montanus var. villarsii Moritzi; 292 (1832)
= Ranunculus oreophilus f. jakupicensis Micevski; Prilozi Oddel. Biol. Med. Nauki Makedonska Akad. Nauk. Umet. 4: 134 (1983)
= Ranunculus oreophilus f. nudifolius Sigunov; Glasn. Prir. Mus. Beogradu, Ser. B, Biol. Nauke 34: 86 (1979)
= Ranunculus oreophilus M.Bieb.; Fl. Taur.-Caucas. 3: 383 (1819)
= Ranunculus oreophilus subsp. balcanicus Micevski; Maked. Akad. Nauk. Umetn., Odd. Biol. Med. Nauke, Prilozi 4(I-2): 134 (1983)
= Ranunculus oreophilus subsp. hornschuchii (Hoppe) O.Schwarz; 100 (1949)
= Ranunculus polyanthemos subsp. breyninus (Crantz) Hegi; 559 (1912)
= Ranunculus villarsii var. hornschuchii (Hoppe) Brügger; Jahresber Naturf. Ges. Graubündens [Fl. Curiensis] 17: 86 (1874)
species :
Ranunculus brotherusii Freyn; Bull. Herb. Boissier 6: 885 (1898)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; China (Gansu, SW-Nei Mongol, Qinghai, Shanxi, NW-Sichuan, NW-Yunnan, C-Xinjiang); S-Tibet; Pakistan (Nubra, Baltistan); Nepal; Bhutan; India (Arunachal Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Sikkim, Uttarakhand)
32 KAZ KGZ 36 CHI TIB 40 BHU IND NEP PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus affinis Hook.f. &.Thomson; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 18 (1872), non R. Br., 1823
= Ranunculus affinis var. dasycarpus Maxim.; Fl. Tangut. 14 (1889)
= Ranunculus brotherusii f. dasycarpus (Maxim.) L.Liou; Fl. Xizang. 2: 105 (1985)
= Ranunculus brotherusii subsp. latisectus Riedl; Kew Bull. 34(2): 362 (1979)
= Ranunculus brotherusii var. dasycarpus (Maxim.) Hand.-Mazz.; Acta Hort. Gotob. 13: 149 (1939) (non Steven)
= Ranunculus irenchabirgae Regel ex Ovcz.; Komarov, Fl. URSS 7: 392 (1937)
= Ranunculus tanguticus var. dasycarpus (Maxim.) L.Liou; Fl. Reipubl. Popul. Sin. 28: 297 (1980)
variant :
var. tanguticus (Maxim.) M.Tamura; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 23(1-2): 31-32 (1968)
Distribution: China (Gansu, SW-Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Qinghai, S-Shaanxi, Shanxi, W-Sichuan, NW-Yunnan); Tibet; Mongolia; Nepal; N-India (Sikkim)
36 CHI TIB 37 MON 40 IND NEP
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus affinis var. tanguticus Finet & Gagnep.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 51: 315 (1904)
= Ranunculus affinis var. ternatus Diels; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 7(33): 231. (1912)
= Ranunculus affinis var. ternatus Franch.; Pl. Delavay. 19 (1889)
= Ranunculus tanguticus (Finet & Gagnep.) K.S.Hao; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 68: 597 (1938)
= Ranunculus tanguticus (Maxim.) Ovcz.; Fl. URSS 7: 393 (1937)
= Ranunculus tanguticus var. xinglongshanicus Z.X.Peng & Y.J.Zhang; Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin 16(3): 289-290, f. 1 (1996)
species :
Ranunculus brunnescens (Markl.) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 135 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden; Finland; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; N-European Russia; NW-European Russia
10 FIN SWE 14 EST LAT LIT RUS
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. brunnescens Markl.
species :
Ranunculus brunnescentoides Dunkel; J. Bot. Soc. Bot. France 66: 28 (2014)
Distribution: France (NW-Alsace)
12 FRA
Remarks: auricomus agg.
species :
Ranunculus brutius Ten.; Fl. Napol. 1: Ixi. (1811-1815)
subspecies :
subsp. brutius
Distribution: Italy; Albania; European Turkey; Greece; European Russia; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia); Iran (N-Iran)
13 ALB GRC ITA TUE 14 RUS 33 GEO NCS 34 IRN TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus brutius subsp. anatolicus Freyn & Sint.; Bull. Herb. Boissier 3: 34 (1895)
subspecies :
subsp. crimaeus (Juz.) Elenevsky; Byull. Mosk. Obshch. Ispyt. Prir., Biol. 94(1): 114 (1989)
Distribution: Crimea
14 KRY
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus crimaeus Juz.; Bot. Mater. Gerb. Bot. Inst. Komarova Akad. Nauk SSSR 12: 5. (1950)
species :
Ranunculus buchananii Hook.f.; Handb. N. Zeal. Fl. 5 (1864)
Distribution: New Zealand (Lake Wakatipu to Lake Hauroko)
51 NZL
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus buchananii var. latilobus Allan; (1935)
= Ranunculus buchananii var. multifidus Allan; (1935)
species :
Ranunculus buchoniae Dunkel; Ber. Bayer. Bot. Ges. 86: 11 (2016)
Name: Buchonia-Goldhahnenfuß (DE)
Distribution: Germany (Thüringen, Hessen, Bayern)
11 GER
Remarks: auricomus agg.
species :
Ranunculus budaianus Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 10: 225, in clavi, 233 (1964), et in Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 11: 403 (1965)
Distribution: Slovakia; Hungary
11 HUN SLO
Remarks: auricomus agg.
species :
Ranunculus budensis Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 10: 224, in clavi, 231 (1964), et in Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 11: 401 (1965)
Distribution: Slovakia; European Russia
11 SLO 14 RUS
species :
Ranunculus buekkensis Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 10: 224, in clavi, 229 (1964), et in Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 11: 400 (1965)
Distribution: Hungary
11 HUN
Remarks: auricomus agg.
species :
Ranunculus buhsei Boiss.; Fl. 1: 45 (1867)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (E-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia); Iran (N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan)
33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus boissieri Simonk.; Termesz. Fuzet. 11: n. 3, 4 (1889)
= Ranunculus caucasicus Boiss. & Buhse; Nouv. Mem. Soc. Nat. Mosc. 12: 5 (1860) non M. Bieb.
= Ranunculus scherosii Kem.-Nath.; Not. Syst. Geogr. Inst. Bot. Thbiliss., Fasc. 23, 32 (1963)
= Ranunculus trisectilis Ovcz.; Komarov, Fl. URSS 7: 427, 743 (1937)
= Ranunculus trisectilis var. kluchoricus Kem.-Nath.; Zametki Sist. Geogr. Rast. 23: 31 (1963)
species :
Ranunculus bujbensis Stepanov; Sist. Zametki Mater. Gerb. Krylova Tomsk. Gosud. Univ. 120: 9-11 (2020)
Distribution: Siberia (Krasnoyarsk)
30 SIB
species :
Ranunculus bulbilliferus Boiss. & Hohen.; Boiss., Diagn. ser. 1, 8: 3 (1849)
Distribution: Iraq (NE-Iraq); Iran (EC-Iran, N-Iran)
34 IRN IRQ
species :
Ranunculus bulbosus L.; Sp. Pl. 554 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. bulbosus
Name: Knolliger Hahnenfuß (DE), St. Anthony´s turnip (EN)
Distribution: England; Ireland; Denmark; Norway; Sweden; Finland; Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; Andorra; Baleares; France; Channel Isl.; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; ?Sicily; San Marino; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Romania; Bulgaria; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; C-European Russia; N-European Russia; W-European Russia; Moldova; Ukraine; Morocco; Egypt (Nile Delta); La Réunion [I]; Uzbekistan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Turkey (N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia); Iran (N-Iran); New Zealand [I]; Canada [I] (British Columbia [I], Newfoundland [I], Nova Scotia [I], Ontario [I], Québec [I]); USA [I] (Alabama [I], Arkansas [I], California [I], Connecticut [I], District of Columbia [I], Delaware [I], Georgia [I], Illinois [I], Indiana [I], Kansas [I], Kentucky [I], Louisiana [I], Massachusetts [I], Maryland [I], Maine [I], Michigan [I], Missouri [I], Mississippi [I], North Carolina [I], New Hampshire [I], New Jersey [I], New York [I], Ohio [I], Oregon [I], Pennsylvania [I], Rhode Island [I], South Carolina [I], Tennessee [I], Virginia [I], Vermont [I], Washington State [I], West Virginia [I]); Bolivia [I]
10 DEN FIN GRB IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 ADO BAL CIS COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 BIH BUL CRO ITA KOS MNT NMA ROM SLV SMA SRB 14 BLR EST LAT LIT MLD RUS UKR 20 EGY MOR 29 reu 32 TZK UZB 33 GEO NCS 34 IRN TUR 51 nzl 71 cdn 72 cdn 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 78 usa 83 bol
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculastrum albonaevum (Jord.) Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, N. S. 17: 194 (1869)
= Ranunculastrum bulbiferum (Jord.) Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, N. S. 17: 194 (1869)
= Ranunculastrum bulbosum (L.) Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, N. S. 16: 324 (1868)
= Ranunculastrum sparsipilum (Jord.) Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, N. S. 16: 324 (1868)
= Ranunculastrum valdepubens (Jord.) Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, N. S. 17: 194 (1869)
= Ranunculus albonaevus Jord.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, n. s. 7: 449 (1861)
= Ranunculus anemonerhizos Coincy; J. Bot. (Morot) 12: 1 (1898)
= Ranunculus brachiatus Schleich.; Cat. Pl. Helv., ed. 3. 24 (1815)
= Ranunculus bracteatus Schleich. ex DC.; Prodr. 1: 41 (1824)
= Ranunculus bulbifer Jord.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon sér. 2, 7: 448 (1861)
= Ranunculus bulbosus f. linearis F.Seym.; Fl. New England, ed. 2: 270 (1982)
= Ranunculus bulbosus f. macranthus (Sommier & Caruana) Lanfr.; P. J. Schembri & J. Sultana (ed.), Red Data Book Maltese Is.: 14 (1989)
= Ranunculus bulbosus subsp. bulbifer (Jord.) J.Neves; Contr. Portug. Ranunc.: 84 (1944)
= Ranunculus bulbosus subsp. bulboso-haarbachii Ces.; Car. Catt., 286 (1844)
= Ranunculus bulbosus subsp. cacuminalis (G.López) Muñoz Garm.; Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 41: 477 (1984 publ. 1985)
= Ranunculus bulbosus var. angustifolius Hallier; Hallier & Wohlf., 40 (1890)
= Ranunculus bulbosus var. cacuminalis G.López; Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 41: 474 (1984 publ. 1985)
= Ranunculus bulbosus var. campestris H.Mart.; 97 (1817)
= Ranunculus bulbosus var. decipiens Erdner; 564 (1911)
= Ranunculus bulbosus var. dissectus Barbey
= Ranunculus bulbosus var. distans Erdner; 563 (1911)
= Ranunculus bulbosus var. hirsutior Ortmann; Glückselig, 73 (1842), nom. inval.
= Ranunculus bulbosus var. hispanicus Freyn; Prodr. Fl. Hispan. [Willkomm & Lange] 3: 932 (1880)
= Ranunculus bulbosus var. intermedius (Blocki) Zapal.; 240 (1909)
= Ranunculus bulbosus var. osiae P.Monts. ex G.López; Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 41(2): 474 (1984 publ. 1985)
= Ranunculus bulbosus var. petiolulatus (Foucaud & Simon) Briq.; Prodr. Fl. Corse 1: 619 (1910)
= Ranunculus bulbosus var. pinniformis Zapal.; 240 (1909)
= Ranunculus bulbosus var. podolicus Zapal.; 241 (1909)
= Ranunculus bulbosus var. pygmaeus Hallier; Hallier & Wohlf., 39 (1890)
= Ranunculus bulbosus var. sparsipilus (Jord.) P.D.Sell; Fl. Gr. Brit. Ireland 1: 671 (2018)
= Ranunculus bulbosus var. subbiternatus Zapal.; 240 (1909)
= Ranunculus bulbosus var. valdepubens (Jord.) Briq.; Mont Vuache: 48 (1894)
= Ranunculus bulbosus var. zbrucensis Zapal.; 240 (1909)
= Ranunculus cibiniensis Schur; Enum. Pl. Transs. 22 (1866)
= Ranunculus flabellatus Biv.; Sicul. Pl. 1: 68 (1806)
= Ranunculus hornemannii Schltdl.; Animadv. Bot. Ranunc. Cand. 2: 36 (1820)
= Ranunculus laetus Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 373 (1796)
= Ranunculus petiolulatus Foucaud & Simon; Herb. Corse: 170 (1898)
= Ranunculus pseudoaleae Rouy & E.G.Camus; G. Rouy & J. Foucaud, Fl. France 6: 460 (1900)
= Ranunculus rapaceus Bubani; Fl. Pyren. (Bubani) 3: 386 (1901)
= Ranunculus sparsipilus Jord.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, n. s. 7: 448 (1861)
= Ranunculus tuberosus Hornem.; Hort. Bot. Hafn. 2: 527 (1815)
= Ranunculus valdepubens Jord.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon ser. 2, 7: 451 (1861)
= Ranunculus villifer Jord.; Diagn. Esp. Nouv.: 82 (1864)
subspecies :
subsp. castellanus (Freyn) P.W.Ball & Heywood; Feddes Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 66: 151 (1962)
Distribution: NW-Spain
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus castellanus Boiss. & Reut. ex Freyn; M. Willkomm & J. M. C. Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 3: 932 (1880)
species :
Ranunculus bullatus L.; Sp. Pl. 550 (1753)
Name: Herbst-Hahnenfuß (DE); Autumn Buttercup (EN)
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Pantelleria; Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); Malta; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (W-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, W-Cyprus, N-Cyprus)
12 BAL COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 GRC ITA KRI MLT PEL PTL SIC 20 ALG MOR TUN 34 CYP EAI TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Ionosmanthus plantagineus Jord. & Fourr.; Icon. Fl. Eur. 2: 14 (1869)
= Ionosmanthus rhombifolius (Jourd. & Fourr.) Jord. & Fourr.; Ic. Pl. Europ. 2: 14 (1870)
= Ionosmanthus semicalvus (Jourd. & Fourr.) Jord. & Fourr.; Ic. Pl. Europ. 2: 14 (1870)
= Ranunculus bullatus subsp. supranudus (Jord. & Fourr.) Vierh.; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 84: 129 (1935)
= Ranunculus bullatus var. plantagineus (Jord. & Fourr.) Maire; Cat. Pl. Maroc 4: 994 (1941)
= Ranunculus bullatus var. supranudus (Jord. & Fourr.) Maire; Cat. Pl. Maroc 4: 994 (1941)
= Ranunculus plantagineus Jord. & Fourr.; Fl. Afrique N. 11: 139 (1964) [nom. inval.]
= Ranunculus rhombifolius Jord. & Fourr.; Brev. Pl. Nov. fasc. 1: 1 (1866)
= Ranunculus semicalvus Jord. & Fourr.; Brev. Pl. Nov. 1: 2. (1866)
= Ranunculus supranudus Jord. & Fourr.; Brev. Pl. Nov. 1: 1 (1866)
species :
Ranunculus bungei Steud.; Nom. Bot. Hort. 2: 432 (1841)
Distribution: China (Beijing, Hubei, Liaoning)
36 CHI
Remarks: Subgen. Batrachium. The concept of Chinese floras for this species is erroneous and too extensive fide Wiegleb & Bobrov.
Synonyms: hidden
= Batrachium bungei (Steud.) L.Liou; Fl. Reipubl. Popul. Sin. 28: 341 (1980)
= Batrachium bungei var. micranthum W.T.Wang; Guihaia 15(2): 105 (1995)
= Batrachium pekinense L.Liou; W. T. Wang, Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 28: 363 (1980)
= Ranunculus bungei var. micranthum W.T.Wang; Guihaia 15(2): 105 (1995)
= Ranunculus hydrocharis f. bungei (Steud.) Hiern; J. Bot. 9(100): 100 (1871)
= Ranunculus hydrophilus Bunge; Enum. Pl. China Bor. 2 (1833), non Gaudich. ex Mirb. 1825
= Ranunculus pekinensis (L.Liou) G.Dahlgren; U. Jensen & Kadereit (eds.), Syst. Evol. Ranunculiflorae (Pl. Syst. Evol., Supp. 9): 306 (1995)
= Ranunculus pekinensis (L.Liou) Luferov; Byull. Glavn. Bot. Sada (Moscow), 175: 56 (1997), isonym
species :
Ranunculus bupleuroides Brot.; Fl. Lusit. 2: 365 (1804)
Distribution: N-Portugal; NW-Spain
12 POR SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus plantagineus Pers.; Syn. Pl. (Pers.) 2(1): 102 (1806)
species :
Ranunculus cacuminis A.Strid & Papan.; Ann. Mus. Goulandris 4: 221 (1978)
Distribution: ?North Macedonia; N-Greece
13 GRC
Remarks: alpestris agg.
species :
Ranunculus cadmicus Boiss.; Diagn. ser. 1, 1: 65 (1843)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains)
34 CYP TUR
Remarks: cadmicus agg.
species :
Ranunculus caespitans (Hyl. & Nannf.) Ericsson; Svensk Bot. Tidskr., et in Ann. Bot. Fenn. 86(2): 79 (1992) 29(2): 135 (1992)
Distribution: Denmark; Sweden
10 DEN SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. caespitans Hyl. & Nannf.
species :
Ranunculus caespitosulus (Julin) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 135 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden
10 SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. caespitosulus Julin; Bot. Not. 131(3): 321 (1978)
species :
Ranunculus cajanderi (Fagerstr.) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 135 (1992)
Distribution: N-European Russia; NW-European Russia
14 RUS
Remarks: auricomus agg., cassubicus subagg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus cassubicus subsp. cajanderi Fagerstr.
species :
Ranunculus calandrinioides Oliv.; Hook, Icon. pl. 19: t. 1828 (1889)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus calandrinioides var. glaberrimus Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 39: 39 (1948)
species :
Ranunculus californicus Benth.; Pl. Hartw. 295 (1849)
Name: California buttercup
Distribution: Canada (British Columbia); USA (California, Oregon, Washington State); Mexico (Baja California Norte)
71 CDN 73 USA 76 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus californicus var. austromontanus L.D.Benson; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 40: 62 (1948)
= Ranunculus californicus var. canescens Greene; Fl. Francisc.: 299 (1892)
= Ranunculus californicus var. crassifolius Greene; Erythea 1: 125 (1893)
= Ranunculus californicus var. cuneatus Greene; Fl. Francisc. 299 (1892)
= Ranunculus californicus var. gratus Jeps.; Fl. W. Calif. (Jeps.) 201 (1901)
= Ranunculus californicus var. rugulosus (Greene) L.D.Benson; Amer. J. Bot. 23: 30 (1936)
= Ranunculus canus Torr.; Pacif. Rail. Rep. 4: 62 (1857)
= Ranunculus dissectus Hook. & Arn.; Bot. Beechey Voy. 316 (1838)
= Ranunculus fascicularis S.Watson; Botany (Fortieth Parallel) 9 (1871)
= Ranunculus rugulosus Greene; Pittonia 2: 58 (1890)
species :
Ranunculus caliginosus (Markl.) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 135 (1992)
Distribution: Finland
10 FIN
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus fallax subsp. caliginosus Markl.
species :
Ranunculus callianthus Molloy & Heenan; Phytotaxa 415(1): 42 (2019)
Distribution: New Zealand
51 NZL
species :
Ranunculus callimorphoides (Markl.) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 135 (1992)
Distribution: Finland
10 FIN
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus fallax subsp. callimorphoides Markl.
species :
Ranunculus callimorphus (Markl.) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 135 (1992)
Distribution: Finland
10 FIN
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus fallax subsp. callimorphus Markl.
species :
Ranunculus calliodon (Markl.) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 135 (1992)
Distribution: Finland
10 FIN
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. calliodon Markl.
species :
Ranunculus caloschistus (Markl.) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 135 (1992)
Distribution: Finland
10 FIN
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. caloschistus Markl.
species :
Ranunculus calvescens (H.Sm. ex Fagerstr. & G.Kvist) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 135 (1992)
Distribution: Norway; Sweden; N-European Russia
10 NOR SWE 14 RUS
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. calvescens H.Sm. ex Fagerstr. & G.Kvist; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 17(3): 296 (1980)
species :
Ranunculus calvitorus A.C.Leslie; Fl. Gr. Brit. Ireland 1: 672 (2018)
Name: Wrotham Goldilocks Buttercup
Distribution: England (Kent)
10 GRB
Remarks: auricomus agg.
species :
Ranunculus camerinus Dunkel; Stapfia 112: 11 (2021)
Distribution: Spain (Castilla y Léon, La Rioja, Burgos, Soria)
12 SPA
Remarks: auricomus agg., aragonensis group
species :
Ranunculus campanulatus (Julin) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 135 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden
10 SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. campanulatus Julin
species :
Ranunculus canaster (Julin) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 135 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden
10 SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. canaster Julin; Opera Bot. 57: 29 (1980)
species :
Ranunculus canastriformis (Julin) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 135 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden
10 SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. canastriformis Julin; Opera Bot. 57: 30 (1980)
species :
Ranunculus cancrifolius (Rasch) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 135 (1992)
Distribution: Scandinavia
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. cancrifolius Rasch
species :
Ranunculus cangshanicus W.T.Wang; Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin 15(3): 321 (1995)
Distribution: China (NW-Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Ranunculus cantabricus Dunkel; Stapfia 112: 20 (2021)
Distribution: Spain (Castilla y León, Asturias, Cantabria)
12 SPA
Remarks: auricomus agg., boreoapenninus group
species :
Ranunculus cantabrigiensis A.C.Leslie; Fl. Gr. Brit. Ireland 1: 671 (2018)
Name: Backs Goldilocks Buttercup
Distribution: England (Cambridge)
10 GRB
Remarks: auricomus agg.
species :
Ranunculus cantoniensis DC.; Prodr. 1: 43 (1824)
Distribution: Siberia (Buryatia, Chita, Irkutsk, Tuva); Russian Far East (Amur, Khabarovsk, Primorye); Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; China (S- & W-Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Henan, W-Hubei, Hunan, S-Jiangsu, Jiangxi, S-Shaanxi, Sichuan, SE-Yunnan, Zhejiang); South Korea; Japan (Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu); Bonin Isl. (Chichijima, Hahajima); Taiwan; Pakistan (Lahore); Nepal; Bhutan; India (Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Manipur, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Odisha, Punjab, Sikkim, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand); N-Myanmar; Laos; Vietnam
30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KGZ TZK UZB 36 CHI 38 JAP KOR OGA TAI 40 BHU IND NEP PAK 41 LAO MYA VIE
Synonyms: hidden
= Adonis pilosa (Lour.) Raeusch.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 3: 162 (1797)
= Hecatonia pilosa Lour.; Fl. Cochinch. 1: 303 (1790) (not Ranunculus pilosus Humb. (1821))
= Ranunculus brachyrhynchus S.S.Chien; Rhodora 18: 189 (1916)
= Ranunculus diffusus Forbes & Hemsl.; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 23: 14 (1886) non DC.
= Ranunculus fibrosus Wall.; (Cat. 167, n. 4706 (1831), nom. nud.) ex Hook.f. & Thomson, Fl. Ind. 1: 37 (1855)
= Ranunculus japonicus f. hirsutus Makino; Iinuma, Somoku-Dzusetsu, ed. 2, 802 (1910)
= Ranunculus linearifolius Qureshi & Chaudhri; Pakistan Syst., 2(12): 19 (1978 publ. 1979)
= Ranunculus napaulensis DC.; Prodr. 1: 39 (1824)
= Ranunculus pensylvanicus subsp. napaulensis (DC.) Riedl; Kew Bull. 34(2): 364 (1979)
= Ranunculus polycephalus Makino; J. Jap. Bot. 7(10): 31 (1931)
= Ranunculus ternatus var. hirsutus Boiss.; Bull. Herb. Boissier 7: 594 (1899)
= Ranunculus trilobatus D.Don; Prodr. Fl. Nep. 194 (1825), nom. illeg.
= Ranunculus vernyi var. hirsutus (Boiss.) Koidz.; Fl. Symb. Orient.-Asiat. 78 (1930)
= Ranunculus vernyi var. japonicus Nakai; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 42: 20 (1928)
species :
Ranunculus canus Benth.; Pl. Hartw. 294 (1849)
Name: Sacramento Valley buttercup
Distribution: USA (California)
76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus blankinshipii (B.L.Rob.) A.Heller; Muhlenbergia 1: 40 (1904)
= Ranunculus californicus var. canus (Benth.) W.H.Brewer & S.Watson; Bot. California (W. H. Brewer) 1: 8 (1876)
= Ranunculus californicus var. laetus Greene; Fl. Francisc. 299 (1892)
= Ranunculus californicus var. latilobus A.Gray; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 21: 375 (1886)
= Ranunculus californicus var. ludovicianus (Greene) K.C.Davis; Minnesota Bot. Stud. 2: 476 (1900)
= Ranunculus canus var. blankinshipii B.L.Rob.; A. Gray, Syn. Fl. N. Amer. 1(1): 35 (1895)
= Ranunculus canus var. hesperoxys (Greene) K.C.Davis; Minnesota Bot. Stud. 2: 475 (1900)
= Ranunculus canus var. laetus (Greene) L.D.Benson; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 68: 170 (1941)
= Ranunculus canus var. ludovicianus (Greene) L.D.Benson; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 68: 171 (1941)
= Ranunculus hesperoxys Greene; Erythea 2: 189 (1894)
= Ranunculus longilobus A.Heller; Muhlenbergia 2: 36 (1905)
= Ranunculus ludovicianus Greene; Bull. Calif. Acad. 2: V. 58 (1886)
= Ranunculus occidentalis var. canus (Benth.) A.Gray; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 8: 374 (1872)
species :
Ranunculus capellaensis P.Royen; Alp. Fl. New Guinea 3: 1307 (1982)
Distribution: New Guinea (Papua New Guinea, ?Irian Jaya)
42 NWG
species :
Ranunculus capensis Thunb.; Prod. Pl. Cap. 94 (1794)
Distribution: South Africa (W-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
species :
Ranunculus cappadocicus Willd.; Sp. Pl. 2: 1326 (1799)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Turkey (N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia)
33 GEO NCS 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus ampelophyllus Sommier & Levier; Bull. Soc. Bot. Ital. (1893) 523, et Ser. II. 1: 9 (1894)
= Ranunculus ampelophyllus var. adjaricus Kem.-Nath.; Zametki Sist. Geogr. Rast. 23: 30 (1963)
= Ranunculus ledebourii Lipsky; Trudy Tiflissk. Bot. Sada 4: 207. (1899)
= Ranunculus vitifolius Boiss. & Balansa; Boiss., Fl. Orient. Suppl.: 9 (1888) (non Royle, Ill. Bot. Himal.: 53 (1834))
species :
Ranunculus caprarum Skottsb.; Nat. Hist. Juan Fernandez & Easter Island 2: 123 (1922)
Distribution: Juan Fdz. Isl.
85 JNF
species :
Ranunculus cardiophyllus Hook.; Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 14 (1829)
Name: Heartleaf buttercup
Distribution: Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Saskatchewan); USA (Arizona, Colorado, Montana, North Dakota, New Mexico, South Dakota, Utah, Washington State, Wyoming); Mexico (Sonora)
71 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus affinis var. cardiophyllus (Hook.) A.Gray; Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 1863: 56 (1863)
= Ranunculus apetalus Farr; Ottawa Naturalist 20: 110 (1906)
= Ranunculus arizonicus Greene; Pittonia 2: 60 (1890)
= Ranunculus arizonicus var. subsagittatus A.Gray; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 21: 370 (1886)
= Ranunculus cardiopetalus Greene; Ottawa Naturalist 16: 32 (1902)
= Ranunculus cardiophyllus f. apetalus (Farr) B.Boivin; Naturaliste Canad. 93: 645 (1966)
= Ranunculus cardiophyllus var. coloradensis L.D.Benson; Amer. J. Bot. 27: 804, tab. 1, fig. 7 (1940)
= Ranunculus cardiophyllus var. pinetorum Greene; Pittonia 4: 144 (1900)
= Ranunculus cardiophyllus var. subsagittatus (A.Gray) L.D.Benson; Amer. J. Bot. 27: 187 (1940)
= Ranunculus coloradensis (L.D.Benson) L.D.Benson; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 40: 150 (1948)
= Ranunculus nudatus Greene; Leafl. Bot. Observ. Crit. 1: 211 (1906)
= Ranunculus pedatifidus f. apetalus (Farr) B.Boivin; Canad. Field-Naturalist 65: 4 (1951)
= Ranunculus pedatifidus var. cardiophyllus (Hook.) Britton; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 18: 265 (1891)
= Ranunculus subsagittatus (A.Gray) Greene; Pittonia 2: 57 (1890)
species :
Ranunculus carinthiacus Hoppe; Sturm, Deutschl. Fl., Abth. 19 46: [fol. 10]. (1826)
Name: Kärntner Hahnenfuß (DE)
Distribution: Germany (Baden-Württemberg); Switzerland; Austria; Spain; Andorra; France; Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Bulgaria
11 AUT GER SWI 12 ADO FRA SPA 13 BIH BUL CRO ITA KOS MNT NMA SLV SRB
Remarks: breyninus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculastrum gracile (Schleich.) Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, N. S. 16: 324 (1868), nom. inval.
= Ranunculus carinthiacus var. austroorientalis Micevski; Prilozi Oddel. Biol. Med. Nauki Makedonska Akad. Nauk. Umet. 4: 130 (1983)
= Ranunculus gracilis Schleich.; Cat. Pl. Helv., ed. 3. 24 (1815), nom. inval.
= Ranunculus gracilis Schleich. ex Rchb.; 723 (1832), nom. illeg.
= Ranunculus lebrunii Chouard; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 100: 360 (1953)
= Ranunculus montanus f. baldovinii Pamp.; 55 (1942)
= Ranunculus montanus subsp. carinthiacus (Hoppe) Hegi; Ill. Fl. Mitt.-Eur. 3: 565 (1912)
= Ranunculus montanus var. gracilis Frueth & Hallier; Hallier & Wohlf., 37 (1890)
= Ranunculus rigoi Huter; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 53: 494 (1903)
= Ranunculus velebiticus (Degen) Trinajstic; Suppl. Fl. Anal. Jugosl. 1: 8. (1973)
species :
Ranunculus carlittensis (Sennen) Grau; Mitt. Bot. Staatssamrnl. München 20: 13 (1984)
Distribution: N-Spain; Andorra; SW-France (Pyrenees)
12 ADO FRA SPA
Remarks: auricomus agg., carlittensis group
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus var. carlittensis Sennen; Diagn. Pl. Espagne Maroc: 137 (1936)
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. carlittensis (Sennen) Molero, J.Pujadas & Romo; Homenaje Pedro Montserrat (Monogr. Inst. Pirenaico Ecol. (Jaca), 4): 274 (1988)
species :
Ranunculus carnosulus (H.Sm.) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 135 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden
10 SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. carnosulus H.Sm.
species :
Ranunculus caroli Christoph.; Acta Phytogeogr. Suec. 13: 186 (1940)
Distribution: Gough Isl.; Tristan da Cunha
91 TDC
species :
Ranunculus caroli-frederici (Fagerstr. & G.Kvist) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 135 (1992)
Distribution: Norway
10 NOR
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. caroli-frederici Fagerstr. & G.Kvist; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 19(1): 54 (1982)
species :
Ranunculus carolinianus DC.; Syst. Nat. [DC.] 1: 292 (1817)
Distribution: Canada (Manitoba, Ontario); USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, Nebraska, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, Wisconsin, West Virginia)
71 CDN 72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus carolinianus var. villicaulis Shinners; Field & Lab. 17: 84 (1950)
= Ranunculus hirtipes Greene; Ottawa Naturalist 16: 32 (1902)
= Ranunculus hispidus var. nitidus (Chapm.) T.Duncan; Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 77: 44 (1980)
= Ranunculus hispidus var. nitidus (Elliott) T.Duncan; Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 77: 44 (1980)
= Ranunculus nitidus Muhl. ex Elliott; Sketch Bot. S. Carolina 2: 60 (1821)
= Ranunculus palmatus Elliott; Sketch Bot. S. Carolina 2: 61 (1821)
= Ranunculus repens var. nitidus Chapm.; Fl. South. U. S.: 8 (1860)
= Ranunculus septentrionalis Poir.; Encycl. (Lam.) 6(1): 125 (1804)
= Ranunculus septentrionalis var. nitidus (Chapm.) Chapm.; Fl. South. U. S., ed. 2(Suppl. 2): 675 (1892)
= Ranunculus septentrionalis var. pterocarpus L.D.Benson; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 68: 486 (1941)
species :
Ranunculus carpaticus Herbich; Sel. Pl. Rar. Gallic. 15 (1836)
Distribution: Slovakia; Romania; Ukraine (E-Carpathians)
11 SLO 13 ROM 14 UKR
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus dentatus (Baumg.) Freyn; A. Kern. Sched. Fl. Austr. Hung. 5: 47 (1888)
species :
Ranunculus carpinetorum Hörandl & Gutermann; Bot. Jahrb., 121(1):104 (1999)
Distribution: Austria
11 AUT
Remarks: auricomus agg.
species :
Ranunculus carsei Petrie; Trans. & Proc. N. Z. Inst. 56: 1 I (1926)
Distribution: New Zealand (North Isl.)
51 NZL
species :
Ranunculus cassubicifolius W.Koch; Ber. Schweiz. Bot. Ges. 49: 553 (1939)
Name: Andersblättriger Kaschubischer Goldhahnenfuß (DE)
Distribution: Germany (Baden-Württemberg, Bayern); Switzerland; N-Austria; Slovakia; NE-Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; W-Ukraine
11 AUT GER SLO SWI 13 CRO ITA SLV 14 UKR
Remarks: auricomus agg., cassubicus subagg., one of very few sexually reproducing members of auricomus agg. (see Karbstein et al. 2020)
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus carpaticola Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 10: 224, in clavi, 231 (1964), et in Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 11: 402 (1965)
species :
Ranunculus cassubiciformis Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 10: 224, in clavi, 232 (1964), et in Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 11: 402 (1965)
Distribution: Slovakia
11 SLO
Remarks: auricomus agg., cassubicus subagg.
species :
Ranunculus cassubicus L.; Sp. Pl. 551 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. cassubicus
Name: Kaschubischer Goldhahnenfuß (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Serbia; Kosovo; Bulgaria; Belarus; European Russia; Moldova; Siberia (W-Siberia); Kazakhstan
11 ger 13 BIH BUL CRO ITA KOS SLV SRB 14 BLR MLD RUS 30 SIB 32 KAZ
Remarks: auricomus agg., cassubicus subagg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus alliariifolius (Rchb.) Simonk.; Enum. Fl. Transsilv.: 48 (1887)
= Ranunculus ambiguus Schur; Oesterr. Bot. Zeitschr. 10: 252 (1860)
= Ranunculus auricomus Schltdl.; Linnaea 6: 577 (1831)
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. cassubicus (L.) Ces.; Car. Catt., 286 (1844)
= Ranunculus auricomus var. cassubicus (L.) Jess.; 429 (1879)
= Ranunculus fallax Schur; Verh. Naturf. Ver. Bruenn 15: II. 37 (1877)
= Ranunculus reniformis Gilib.; Fl. Lituan. 2: 269 (1782), opus utique oppr.
= Ranunculus subflabellatus (Schur) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 10: 234 (1964)
= Ranunculus uplandicus Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 154 (1992), nom. nov.
subspecies :
subsp. antae Fagerstr.; Acta Soc. Fauna Flora Fenn. 82(1): 4 (1974)
Distribution: Finland
10 FIN
species :
Ranunculus catharinensis Lourteig; Sellowia 25: 257 (1974)
Distribution: S-Brazil (Santa Catarina)
84 BRA
species :
Ranunculus caucasicus M.Bieb.; Fl. Taur.-Caucas. 2: 27 (1808)
subspecies :
subsp. caucasicus
Distribution: Crimea; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (E-Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia); Iran (N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan)
14 KRY 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus astrantiifolius (Rupr.) Boiss. & Balansa; Boiss., Fl. Suppl. 11 (1888)
= Ranunculus astrantiifolius (Rupr.) Boiss. ex Trautv.; (1883) non Schur (1853)
= Ranunculus caucasicus var. astrantiifolius Rupr.
= Ranunculus osseticus Ovcz.; Komarov, Fl. URSS 7: 430, 743 (1937)
= Ranunculus transcaucasicus var. gigas Kem.-Nath.; Zametki Sist. Geogr. Rast. 23: 33 (1963)
= Ranunculus transcaucasicus var. parviflorus Kem.-Nath.; Fl. Gruzii, ed. 2, 3: 240 (1975)
subspecies :
subsp. pavlii Elenevsky & Derv.-Sokol.; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 23: 56 (1986)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus
33 NCS
species :
Ranunculus caulescens H.Eichler; Biblioth. Bot. 31: Heft 124, 83 (1958)
Distribution: Sulawesi
42 SUL
species :
Ranunculus caulocrassus Charit.; Dopoln. Fl. i Rastitel´n. Yuga Zapadnoi Sibiri 164 (-165, 160; f. 6. 2,3) (2020)
Distribution: Siberia (W-Siberia)
30 SIB
Remarks: provisionally accepted name, will highly likely turn out to be a synonym of a more widespread species
species :
Ranunculus cedercreutzii (Markl.) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 136 (1992)
Distribution: Finland
10 FIN
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus fallax subsp. cedercreutzii Markl.
species :
Ranunculus celebicus H.Eichler; Biblioth. Bot. 31: Heft 124, 81 (1958)
Distribution: Sulawesi; ?New Guinea (?Papua New Guinea)
42 SUL
species :
Ranunculus ceramensis H.Eichler; Biblioth. Bot. 31: Heft 124, 87 (1958)
Distribution: Moluccas (Seram)
42 MOL
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Ranunculus chalarocarpus W.Koch ex Dunkel; Forum Geobotanicum 10: 5 (2021)
Distribution: Switzerland (Aargau)
11 SWI
Remarks: auricomus agg.
species :
Ranunculus changpingensis W.T.Wang; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 32(5): 475-477, f. 4: 1-3 (1994)
Distribution: China (Beijing: Changping Xian)
36 CHI
species :
Ranunculus chasii Dunkel; Monde Pl. 105(502): 13 (2010 publ. 2011)
Distribution: France
12 FRA
Remarks: auricomus agg.
species :
Ranunculus cheesemanii Kirk; Fl. N. Zeal. 17 (1899)
Distribution: New Zealand (South Isl.)
51 NZL
species :
Ranunculus cheirophyllus Hayata; Icon. Pl. Formosan. 3: 7 (1913)
Distribution: Taiwan
38 TAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus kawakamii Hayata; J. Coll. Sci. Imp. Univ. Tokyo 30(1): 19-20. (1911) (non Makino 1904)
species :
Ranunculus cherubicus (J.A.Sánchez Rodr., M.J.Elías & M.A.Martín) Fern.Prieto, Sanna, M.Pérez & Cires; Phytotaxa 239(3): 249 (2015)
subspecies :
subsp. cherubicus
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus bupleuroides subsp. cherubicus J.A.Sánchez Rodr., M.J.Elías & M.A.Martín; Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 57(2): 402 (1999 publ. 2000)
subspecies :
subsp. girelai Fern.Prieto, Molero Mesa, Muñoz Díaz & Sanna; Phytotaxa 239(3): 249 (2015)
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
species :
Ranunculus chilensis DC.; Syst. Nat. [DC.] 1: 286 (1817)
Name: Cáustico de vega, ranunculo [Chile]
Distribution: Peru; Argentina (Rio Negro); Chile (Coquimbo, Valparaíso, Metropolitana de Santiago, O´Higgins, Maule, Ñuble, Biobío, Araucanía, Los Rios, Los Lagos, Aisén, Magallanes)
83 PER 85 ARG CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Casalea chilensis A.St.-Hil.; Fl. Bras. Merid. 1: 8 (1824)
= Ranunculus berteroanus Phil.; Linnaea 28: 661 (1858)
= Ranunculus chilensis var. gayi Phil.; Anales Univ. Chile 85: 72 (1894)
= Ranunculus chilensis var. lasius Phil.; Anales Univ. Chile 85: 72 (1894)
= Ranunculus elatus Steud.; Flora 39: 405 (1856)
= Ranunculus protractus Steud.; Flora 39: 406 (1856)
= Ranunculus pubescens Bertero ex Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 2: 435 (1841)
= Ranunculus sericans Steud.; Flora 39: 405 (1856)
= Ranunculus valdivianus Phil. ex Reiche
species :
Ranunculus chinensis Bunge; Enum. Pl. China Bor. 3 (1831)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; China (Anhui, Gansu, Guizhou, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, E-Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, W-Sichuan, Xinjiang, Yunnan, E-Zhejiang); E-Tibet; Mongolia; North Korea; South Korea (incl. Cheju Isl.); Japan (Honshu); Bhutan; NE-Thailand; Laos
32 KAZ KGZ UZB 36 CHI TIB 37 MON 38 JAP KOR NKO 40 BHU 41 LAO THA
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus pensylvanicus var. chinensis (Bunge) Maxim.; Enum. pl. Mong. 1: 23 (1889)
= Ranunculus sceleratiformis Raikova; Bot. Mater. Gerb. Glavn. Bot. Sada RSFSR 4: 171 (1923)
species :
Ranunculus chinghoensis L.Liou; Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 28: 361 (1980)
Distribution: China (N-Xinjiang)
36 CHI
species :
Ranunculus chionophilus Boiss.; Fl. 1: 38 (1867)
Distribution: Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (Jbel Druze)
34 LEB SYR
species :
Ranunculus chius DC.; Syst. Nat. [DC.] 1: 299 (1817)
Name: Chios-Hahnenfuß (DE); Chios Buttercup (EN)
Distribution: Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Malta; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Crimea; Georgia [Caucasus]; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (NW-Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, S-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq); Iran (N-Iran, S-Iran, W-Iran); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (NW-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel); Jordania (W-Jordania)
12 COR SAR 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MLT MNT NMA SIC SLV SRB TUE 14 KRY 33 AZE GEO 34 CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus incrassatus Guss.; Fl. Sic. Syn. 2: 50 (1844)
= Ranunculus parviflorus subsp. chius (DC.) Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital.: 15 (1882)
= Ranunculus schraderianus Fisch. & C.A.Mey.; Index Seminum (LE, Petropolitanus) 4: 44 (1838)
species :
Ranunculus chlorellus (Nannf.) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 136 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden
10 SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. chlorellus Nannf.
species :
Ranunculus chodzhamastonicus Ovcz. & Junussov; Dokl. Akad. Nauk Tadzh. SSR, 20(10): 52 (1977)
Distribution: Tajikistan
32 TZK
species :
Ranunculus chongzhouensis W.T.Wang; Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin 35(5): 645 (2015)
Distribution: China (Sichuan)
36 CHI
species :
Ranunculus chopericus Tzvelev; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 80(7): 78 (1995)
Distribution: C-European Russia
14 RUS
species :
Ranunculus chrysoleptos Brodtb. & Dunkel; Kochia 4: 155 (2009)
Name: Feinblättriger Goldhahnenfuß (DE)
Distribution: Germany (Baden-Württemberg, Rheinland-Pfalz); E-France (Alsace)
11 GER 12 FRA
Remarks: auricomus agg.
species :
Ranunculus chuanchingensis L.Liou; Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 28: 362, t. 91, f. 5-6 (1980)
Distribution: China (S-Qinghai, NW-Sichuan)
36 CHI
species :
Ranunculus cicutarius Schltdl.; Animadv. Ranunc. 1: 25, t. 4, f. 2 (1819)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus (Daghestan); Armenia; Azerbaijan; Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran)
33 ARM AZE NCS 34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus daucifolius Steven; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 21: II. 270 (1848)
= Ranunculus hyrcanus Grossh.; Dokl. Akad. Nauk Azerbaidzhansk. SSR. 3: 450 (1947)
species :
Ranunculus cinereoviridis (Julin) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 136 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden
10 SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. cinereoviridis Julin; Opera Bot. 57: 31 (1980)
species :
Ranunculus circinans (Julin) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 136 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden
10 SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. circinans Julin
species :
Ranunculus circinatifrons (Markl.) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 136 (1992)
Distribution: Finland; C- & NW-European Russia
10 FIN
Remarks: auricomus agg., cassubicus subagg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus cassubicus subsp. circinatifrons Markl.
species :
Ranunculus circinatus Sibth.; Fl. Oxon.: 175 (1794)
Name: Spreizender Wasserhahnenfuß (DE)
Distribution: England; Ireland; Denmark; Sweden; Finland; Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; ?Liechtenstein; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; France; Italy; ?Sicily; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; N-European Russia; W-European Russia; Moldova; Ukraine; Morocco; Algeria; Siberia (Altai); Kazakhstan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Georgia [Caucasus]; China (Gansu, Heilongjiang, Nei Mongol, N-Shanxi, N-Xinjiang, NW-Yunnan); Mongolia
10 DEN FIN GRB IRE SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 FRA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO ITA KOS MNT NMA ROM SLV SRB 14 BLR EST LAT LIT MLD RUS UKR 20 ALG MOR 30 SIB 32 KAZ KGZ TZK UZB 33 GEO 36 CHI 37 MON
Remarks: Subgen. Batrachium. All Ranunculus circinatus-like plants of North America plants belong either to R. longirostris or Ranunculus subrigidus. Also the records for eastern Asia are doubtful.
Synonyms: hidden
= Batrachium cespitosum (Thuill.) Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 722 (1821)
= Batrachium circinatum (Sibth.) Spach; Hist. Nat. Veg. 7: 201 (1838)
= Batrachium circinatum var. terrestre Lunell; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 4: 359 (1916)
= Batrachium foeniculaceum (Gilib.) V.I.Krecz.; Fl. URSS 7: 338, t. 21, f. 1 (1937), basionym oppr.
= Batrachium rigidum (Pers.) Dumort.; Fl. Belg. (Dumortier) 127 (1827)
= Batrachium trichophyllum var. paucistamineum (Tausch) Hand.-Mazz.; Acta Horti Gothob. 13(4): 168 (1939)
= Ranunculus abrotanifolius Steud.; Nomencl. Bot. 1: 676 (1821)
= Ranunculus aquatilis subsp. circinatus (Sibth.) Hook.f.; 5 (1870)
= Ranunculus aquatilis subsp. rigidus (Pers.) Schübl. & G.Martens; 364 (1834)
= Ranunculus aquatilis var. abrotanifolius Ehrh.; 20 (1790), nom. inval.
= Ranunculus aquatilis var. abrotanifolius Wallr.; 283 (1822)
= Ranunculus aquatilis var. rigidifolius Schltdl.; 303 (1823)
= Ranunculus aquatilis var. rigidus (Pers.) Wimm.; Opiz, 344 (1826)
= Ranunculus aquatilis var. stagnatilis (Wallr.) DC.; Prodr. 1: 27 (1824)
= Ranunculus capillaceus var. cespitosus (Thuill.) Pers.; 105 (1806)
= Ranunculus circinatus f. petiolatus Zapal.; 209 (1909)
= Ranunculus circinatus var. grandiflorus Zapal.; 209 (1909)
= Ranunculus circinatus var. ostroviensis Zapal.; 209 (1909)
= Ranunculus circinatus var. parviflorus Zapal.; 209 (1909)
= Ranunculus circinatus var. terrestris (Godr.) Vollm.; 273 (1914)
= Ranunculus circinnatoides Arv.-Touv.; Essai Pl. Dauphiné: 18 (1871)
= Ranunculus divaricatus f. terrestris (Godr.) E.Baumann; 324 (1911)
= Ranunculus divaricatus var. fluitans Gren. & Godr.; 25 (1847)
= Ranunculus divaricatus var. terrestris Gren. & Godr.; 25 (1847)
= Ranunculus divaricatus W.D.J.Koch; Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv. 1: 12 (1835)
= Ranunculus foeniculaceus Gilib.; Fl. Lit. Inch. 2: 261 (1782), opus utique oppr.
= Ranunculus hydrocharis var. stagnatilis (Wallr.) Spenn.; Fl. Friburg. 3: 2009 (1829)
= Ranunculus pumilus Poir.; Encyc. 6: 133 (1804)
= Ranunculus rigidus Pers.; Usteri, Ann. Bot. 14: 39 (1795), et Hoffm., 257 (1800), nom. inval.
= Ranunculus stagnatilis Wallr.; Sched. Crit. 285 (1822)
species :
Ranunculus clariflorus (Markl. ex Fagerstr.) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 136 (1992)
Distribution: Finland
10 FIN
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. clariflorus Markl. ex Fagerstr.; Acta Soc. Fauna Flora Fenn. 82(4): 11 (1976)
species :
Ranunculus claudiopolitanus Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 10: 224, in clavi, 230 (1964), et in Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 11: 401 (1965)
Distribution: Romania
13 ROM
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Ranunculus clavicornis Dunkel; Forum Geobotanicum 10: 9 (2021)
Distribution: Switzerland (Bern)
11 SWI
Remarks: auricomus agg.
species :
Ranunculus clavulifer (Julin) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 136 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden
10 SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. clavulifer Julin
species :
Ranunculus clethraphilus Litard.; Bull. Acad. Int. Geogr. Bot. 19: 94 (1909)
Distribution: Corsica
12 COR
Remarks: breyninus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus aurimontanus (Briq.) Guin. & R.Vilm.; Fl. France: 847 (1978) (comb. inval.)
species :
Ranunculus clivicola B.G.Briggs; Proc. Linn. Soc. N. S. Wales 84: 319 (1960)
Distribution: Australia (S-New South Wales: Mt Kosciuszko plateau)
50 AUS
species :
Ranunculus coacervatus Merr. & L.M.Perry; J. Arnold Arbor. 24: 39 (1943)
Distribution: New Guinea (Irian Jaya)
42 NWG
species :
Ranunculus cochlearifer Dunkel; Webbia 65(2): 198 (2010)
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
Remarks: auricomus agg.
species :
Ranunculus codyanus B.Boivin; Canad. Field-Naturalist 65: 3 (1951)
Distribution: Russian Far East (Magadan, Chukotka); Alaska; Greenland; Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Labrador, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Northern Territories, Nunavut, Ontario, Québec, Yukon); USA (Idaho, Montana, Wyoming)
31 RFE 70 ASK CDN GNL 71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA
Remarks: Subgen. Batrachium. Often treated as ´R. confervoides´
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus aquatilis var. codyanus (B.Boivin) B.Boivin; Phytologia 16: 252 (1968)
species :
Ranunculus coleophorus (Julin) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 136 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden
10 SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. coleophorus Julin
species :
Ranunculus collanderi (Markl.) Ericsson; Svensk Bot. Tidskr., et in Ann. Bot. Fenn. 86(2): 79 (1992) 29(2): 136 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden; Finland
10 FIN SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. collanderi Markl.
species :
Ranunculus collicola Menadue; Brunonia 8(2): 373 (1986)
Distribution: Australia (C-Tasmania)
50 AUS
species :
Ranunculus collinus R.Br. ex DC.; Syst. Nat. [DC.] 1: 271 (1817)
Distribution: Australia (higher altitudes in New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus inconspicuus Hook.f.; Fl. Tasman. 1: 9, t. 2B (1855)
= Ranunculus rivularis var. inconspicuus (Hook.f.) Benth.; Fl. Austral. 1: 14 (1863)
species :
Ranunculus colonorum Endl.; Enum. Pl. Hueg. 1 (1837)
Distribution: Australia (SW-Western Australia: coastal plain and Darling Range from Yanchep to the extreme SW, along the S coast to Albany and the Porongurup Range)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus discolor Steud.; Lehm., PI. Preiss. 1: 263 (1845)
= Ranunculus lappaceus var. macrocarpellus Domin; Vestn. Kral. Cesk. Spolecn. Nauk, Tr. Mat.-Prir. II: 23 (1923)
species :
Ranunculus combertonensis A.C.Leslie; Fl. Gr. Brit. Ireland 1: 675 (2018)
Name: Comberton Goldilocks Buttercup
Distribution: England (Cambridge)
10 GRB
Remarks: auricomus agg.
species :
Ranunculus commemorans (Markl. ex Fagerstr.) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 136 (1992)
Distribution: Finland
10 FIN
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. commemorans Markl. ex Fagerstr.; Acta Soc. Fauna Flora Fenn. 82(4): 13 (1976)
species :
Ranunculus compar (Markl. ex Fagerstr.) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 136 (1992)
Distribution: Finland
10 FIN
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. compar Markl. ex Fagerstr.; Acta Soc. Fauna Flora Fenn. 82(4): 16 (1976)
species :
Ranunculus completus A.C.Leslie; Fl. Gr. Brit. Ireland 1: 674 (2018)
Name: Rushden Goldilocks Buttercup
Distribution: England (Hertfordshire)
10 GRB
Remarks: auricomus agg.
species :
Ranunculus complicatus Kit.; Linnaea 32: 485 (1863)
Distribution: Hungary
11 HUN
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus latilobus Kit.; Linnaea 32: 485 (1863)
species :
Ranunculus compluridens (Julin) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 136 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden
10 SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. compluridens Julin
species :
Ranunculus concavus (Julin) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 136 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden
10 SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. concavus Julin; Opera Bot. 57: 33 (1980)
species :
Ranunculus concinnatus Schott; Oesterr. Bot. Wochenbl. 7: 182 (1857)
Distribution: Croatia; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Albania
13 ALB CRO KOS MNT SRB
Remarks: breyninus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus croaticus Schott; Oesterr. Bot. Wochenbl. 7: 182 (1857)
= Ranunculus oreophilus subsp. concinnatus (Schott) Hayek; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 30(1):338 (1924)
= Ranunculus oreophilus subsp. croaticus (Schott) Hayek; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 30(1): 338 (1924)
species :
Ranunculus concinnifolius (Julin) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 136 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden
10 SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. concinnifolius Julin; Opera Bot. 57: 33 (1980)
species :
Ranunculus concinnifrons (Julin) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 136 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden
10 SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. concinnifrons Julin
species :
Ranunculus concordans (Markl.) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 136 (1992)
Distribution: Finland
10 FIN
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. concordans Markl.
species :
Ranunculus concretus (Julin) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 136 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden
10 SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. concretus Julin; Opera Bot. 57: 34 (1980)
species :
Ranunculus confervoides (Fr.) Fr.; Summa Veg. Scand.: 139 (1845)
Name: Algenähnlicher Wasser-Hahnenfuß (DE)
Distribution: Norway; Sweden; Finland; ?Germany (?Bayern); Estonia; Latvia; N-European Russia
10 FIN NOR SWE 14 EST LAT RUS
Remarks: Subgen. Batrachium; probably only in Northern Europe. Records of this species from Asia and North America belong to small forms of the polymorphic Ranunculus trichophyllus or to R. codyanus
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus eradicatus (Laest.) F.Johansen; Canad. Field-Naturalist 48: 127 (1934)
= Ranunculus aquatilis var. confervoides (Fr.) G.Lawson; Proc. & Trans. Roy. Soc. Canada 2(4): 45 (1884)
= Batrachium confervoides Fr.; Bot. Not. 1854: 121 (1854)
= Ranunculus aquatilis var. eradicatus Laest.; Nova Acta Regiae Soc. Sci. Upsal. ser. 2, 1): 242 (1839)
= Batrachium eradicatum (Laest.) Fr.; Bot. Not. 1843: 114 (1843)
= Batrachium paucistamineum subsp. eradicatum (Laest.) Neuman & Ahlfv.; Sver. Fl.: 507 (1901)
= Batrachium paucistamineum var. eradicatum (Laest.) Gelert; Bot. Tidsskr. 19: 28 (1894)
= Batrachium trichophyllum subsp. eradicatum (Laest.) Á.Löve; Taxon 19: 300 (1970)
= Batrachium trichophyllum var. eradicatum (Laest.) Stefánsson; 109 (1924)
= Ranunculus flaccidus var. confervoides (Fr.) Hegi; Ill. Fl. Mitt.-Eur. 3: 584 (1912)
= Ranunculus hydrocharis f. confervoides (Fr.) Hiern; J. Bot. 9: 102 (1871)
= Ranunculus trichophyllus subsp. eradicatus (Laest.) C.D.K.Cook; Mitt. Bot. Staatssamml. München 6: 622 (1967)
= Ranunculus trichophyllus var. confervoides (Fr.) Schinz & Keller; Fl. Schweiz (Schinz) 193 (1900)
= Ranunculus trichophyllus var. eradicatus (Laest.) W.B.Drew; Rhodora 38: 33 (1936)
= Batrachium admixtum Nyl.; W. Nylander & A. T. Saelan, Herb. Mus. Fenn.: 35 (1859)
species :
Ranunculus confinis (Markl.) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 136 (1992)
Distribution: Finland
10 FIN
Remarks: auricomus agg., cassubicus subagg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus cassubicus subsp. confinis Markl.
species :
Ranunculus confusus Charit.; Florogen. Komm. Zelenoi Knige Sibiri (Vysokogor´ya, Bolota, Tundry) 100 (2010)
Distribution: Siberia (W-Siberia)
30 SIB
Remarks: provisionally accepted name, will highly likely turn out to be a synonym of a more widespread species
species :
Ranunculus coniformis (Julin) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 136 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden
10 SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. coniformis Julin; Opera Bot. 57: 35 (1980)
species :
Ranunculus conjugens Markl. ex Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 136 (1992), nom. nov.
Distribution: Finland
10 FIN
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. petiolatus Fagerstr.; Acta Soc. Fauna Fl. Fenn. 82(4): 18 (1976)
species :
Ranunculus connectens (Markl.) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 136 (1992)
Distribution: Finland
10 FIN
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus fallax subsp. connectens Markl.
species :
Ranunculus connivens Dunkel; Kochia 15: 130 (2022)
Distribution: Germany (Sachsen)
11 GER
Remarks: auricomus agg.
species :
Ranunculus consectus (Julin) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 136 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden
10 SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. consectus Julin
species :
Ranunculus consimilis H.Eichler; Biblioth. Bot. 31: Heft 124, 75 (1958)
Distribution: New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
species :
Ranunculus conspicuidens A.C.Leslie; Fl. Gr. Brit. Ireland 1: 676 (2018)
Name: Lawshall Goldilocks Buttercup
Distribution: England (Suffolk)
10 GRB
Remarks: auricomus agg.
species :
Ranunculus conspicuus A.L.Ebel; Sist. Zametki Mater. Gerb. Krylova Tomsk. Gosud. Univ. 105: 4 (2012)
Distribution: Siberia (W-Siberia)
30 SIB
species :
Ranunculus constans Haas; Ber. Bayer. Bot. Ges. 29: 7 (1952)
Name: Gleichmäßigblättriger Goldhahnenfuß (DE)
Distribution: +Germany (+Bayern)
11 GER
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. constans (Haas) R.Engel; Bull. Assoc. Philom. Alsace Lorraine 13: 77 (1968)
species :
Ranunculus constantinopolitanus (DC.) d´Urv.; Mém. Soc. Linn. Paris 1: 317 (1822)
Distribution: France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Albania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece; Crimea; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Georgia [Caucasus]; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Iran (EC-Iran, N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Herat); Cyprus (N-Cyprus); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon); Syria (NW-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (N-Israel)
12 COR FRA SAR 13 ALB BUL GRC ITA SIC TUE 14 KRY 33 GEO NCS 34 AFG CYP IRN IRQ ISR LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus fibrillosus var. parviflorus P.H.Davis; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 23: 116 (1960)
= Ranunculus lanuginosus Boiss. & Buhse; Nouv. Mem. Soc. Nat. Mosc. 12: 6 (1860) non L.
= Ranunculus lanuginosus var. constantinopolitanus DC.; Syst. Nat. [DC.] 1: 281 (1817)
= Ranunculus libanoticus Freyn; Mém. Herb. Boissier 13: 2. (1900)
= Ranunculus palaestinus Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. 8: 4. (1849)
= Ranunculus tauricus Freyn; Bull. Herb. Boissier, sér. 2, 1: 248 (1901) non Pall.
= Ranunculus villosus subsp. constantinopolitanus (DC.) Elenevsky; Novosti Sist. Vyss. Rast. 16: 116 (1979)
variant :
var. farsicus (Rech.f.) Mobayen & Maleki; Iranian J. Bot. 2(2): 119 (1984)
Distribution: S-Iran
34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus constantinopolitanus f. farsicus (Rech.f.) Parsa; Fl. Iran 2: 172 (1986) (with incorrect basionym ref.)
= Ranunculus farsicus Rech.f.; Anz. Oesterr. Akad. Wiss., Math.-Nat. 89: 222 (1951)
variant :
var. villosus (DC.) Mobayen & Maleki; Iranian J. Bot. 2(2): 119 (1984)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey; Iran
33 ARM AZE NCS 34 IRN TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus villosus DC.; Syst. Nat. [DC.] 1: 283 (1817)
species :
Ranunculus contegens Dunkel; J. Bot. Soc. Bot. France 66: 27 (2014)
Distribution: France (Alsace)
12 FRA
Remarks: auricomus agg.
species :
Ranunculus contiguilobus A.C.Leslie; Fl. Gr. Brit. Ireland 1: 674 (2018)
Name: Priory Goldilocks Buttercup
Distribution: England (Suffolk)
10 GRB
Remarks: auricomus agg.
species :
Ranunculus convexilobus A.C.Leslie; Fl. Gr. Brit. Ireland 1: 674 (2018)
Name: Pelham Goldilocks Buttercup
Distribution: England (Hertfordshire)
10 GRB
Remarks: auricomus agg.
species :
Ranunculus convexiusculus Kovalevsk.; Opred. Rast. Sred. Azii 3: 242 (1972)
Distribution: Kyrgyzstan
32 KGZ
species :
Ranunculus cordigerus Viv.; Fl. Cors. Prodr.: 8. (1824)
subspecies :
subsp. cordigerus
Distribution: Corsica; Sardinia; ?Italy
12 COR SAR
Remarks: sardous agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus sardous subsp. cordiger (Viv.) Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France 1: 109 (1893)
subspecies :
subsp. diffusus (Moris) Arrigoni; Boll. Soc. Sarda Sci. Nat. 22: 278 (1983)
Distribution: Corsica; Sardinia
12 COR SAR
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus philonotis var. diffusus Moris; Fl. Sardoa 1: 47 (1837)
species :
Ranunculus coriaceus W.Koch ex Dunkel; J. Bot. Soc. Bot. France 84: 18 (2018)
Distribution: France
12 FRA
Remarks: auricomus agg.
species :
Ranunculus cornutus DC.; Syst. Nat. [DC.] 1: 300 (1817)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Kazakhstan; Armenia; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl. (Rhodos); Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq); Iran (Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Farah, Helmand, Kandahar); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, C-Syrian Desert, Jazira, NW-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel); E-Saudi Arabia
11 ger 32 KAZ 33 ARM AZE 34 AFG CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR LEB SYR TUR 35 SAU
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus lomatocarpus Fisch. & C.A.Mey.; Ind. Sem. Horti Petrop. 1: 36 (1835)
= Ranunculus lomatocarpus var. psilocarpus Fisch. & C.A.Mey.; Index Seminum (KALI, Regimontanum) 1845: [5] (1845)
= Ranunculus lorentii Hochst.; Lorent, Wanderungen, 338 (1845)
= Ranunculus rhynchocarpus Boiss.; Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 2, 16: 355 (1841)
= Ranunculus tuberculatus C.A.Mey.; Verz. Pfl. Caucasus 202 (1831)
= Ranunculus cornutus var. leiocarpus (Boiss.) P.H.Davis; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 23: 156 (1959)
variant :
var. scandicinus (Boiss.) Ziffer-Berger & Leschner; Phytotaxa 151(1): 38 (2013)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, Jbel Druze, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel); Jordania (S-Jordania)
34 ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus trachycarpus var. scandicinus Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 1: 55 (1867)
= Ranunculus scandicinus (Boiss.) P.H.Davis; Ark. Bot. ser. 2, 5 1: 143 (1960)
species :
Ranunculus cortusifolius Willd.; Enum. Hort. Berol. 588 (1809)
subspecies :
subsp. cortusifolius
Name: Azores buttercup (EN); Kanaren-Hahnenfuß (DE); Morgallana (ES)
Distribution: Azores (Sao Miguel Isl., Terceira, Sao Jorge, Pico, Faial, Flores Isl., Corvo Isl.); Madeira (Madeira Isl.); Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro, La Palma Isl.); USA [I] (California [I])
21 AZO CNY MDR 76 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus cortusifolius var. minor Lowe
= Ranunculus cortusifolius var. rupestris Webb & Berthel.
= Ranunculus cortusifolius var. silvaticus Webb & Berthel.; Hist. Nat. Iles Canaries (Phytogr.) 3 2(1): 8 (1836)
= Ranunculus cortusifolius var. villosus Pit.; Iles Canaries [Pit. & Proust]: 87 ´1908´ (1909)
= Ranunculus grandifolius Lowe; Trans. Cambess. Phil. Soc. 4: 38 (1831), nomen
= Ranunculus grandifolius var. minor Lowe
= Ranunculus megaphyllus Steud.; Nom. ed. II. 2: 434 (1841), nom. nov. for R. grandifolius Lowe
= Ranunculus teneriffae Pers.; Syn. Pl. (Pers.) 2(1): 103 (1806)
subspecies :
subsp. major (Lowe) Rivas Mart., Capelo, J.C.Costa, Lousã, Fontinha, R.Jardim & M.Seq.; Itinera Geobot. 15(2): 706 (2002)
Distribution: Madeira
21 MDR
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus grandifolius var. major Lowe
species :
Ranunculus corylisinus (Julin) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 136 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden
10 SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. corylisinus Julin; Opera Bot. 57: 36 (1980)
species :
Ranunculus cosmophyllus Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 136 (1992), nom. nov.
Distribution: Finland
10 FIN
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. angustisectus Markl.
species :
Ranunculus cottanus Dunkel; Kochia 15: 63 (2022)
Distribution: Germany (Sachsen)
11 GER
Remarks: auricomus agg.
species :
Ranunculus crassicaulis (Demarsin) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 136 (1992)
Distribution: Belgium
11 BGM
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. crassicaulis Demarsin
species :
Ranunculus crassifolius (Rupr.) Grossh.; Fl. Kavkaza 2: 119 (1930)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Azerbaijan
33 AZE GEO NCS
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus oreophilus var. crassifolius Rupr.; Fl. Cauc. 286, 20 (1869)
species :
Ranunculus crassilobus A.C.Leslie; Fl. Gr. Brit. Ireland 1: 673 (2018)
Name: Carlton Goldilocks Buttercup
Distribution: England (Cambridgeshire)
10 GRB
Remarks: auricomus agg.
species :
Ranunculus crassipes Hook.f.; Fl. Antarct. 224 (1847)
Distribution: Macquarie Isl.; Heard Isl.; Macdonald Isl.; Iles Kerguélen
91 HMD KEG MAQ
Remarks: possibly to R. acaulis
species :
Ranunculus crassitruncus (Fagerstr.) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 136 (1992)
Distribution: Finland
10 FIN
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. crassitruncus Fagerstr.
species :
Ranunculus crassiusculus (Markl.) Ericsson; Svensk Bot. Tidskr., et in Ann. Bot. Fenn. 86(2): 79 (1992) 29(2): 137 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden; Finland
10 FIN SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. crassiusculus Markl.
species :
Ranunculus crassus (Julin) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 137 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden
10 SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. crassus Julin
species :
Ranunculus crateris P.H.Davis; Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 23: 131, t. 6 (1960)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: dissectus agg.
species :
Ranunculus crebridens (Markl.) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 137 (1992)
Distribution: Finland
10 FIN
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus fallax subsp. crebridens Markl.
species :
Ranunculus crenatolobus Hörandl & Gutermann; Phyton (Austria) 37(2): 280 (1998)
Distribution: Austria
11 AUT
Remarks: auricomus agg.
species :
Ranunculus crenatus Waldst. & Kit.; Descr. lcon. Pl. Hung.: 1: 9 (1799)
Name: Gekerbter Hahnenfuß
Distribution: Austria; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Romania; Bulgaria; Greece; Ukraine
11 AUT 13 BIH BUL CRO GRC KOS NMA ROM SRB 14 UKR
Remarks: alpestris agg., crenatus subagg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Hecatonia crenata (Waldst. & Kit.) Schur; Enum. Pl. Transs. 13 (1866)
= Leuconoe crenatus (Waldst. & Kit.) Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, N. S. 16: 323 (1868)
= Ranunculus kossuthii Pénzes; Borbásia 8: 4 (1948)
species :
Ranunculus crenifer (Julin) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 137 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden
10 SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. crenifer Julin; Opera Bot. 57: 37 (1980)
species :
Ranunculus crenifolius (Julin) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 137 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden
10 SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. crenifolius Julin
species :
Ranunculus crenulatus Dunkel; Forum Geobotanicum 10: 13 (2021)
Distribution: Switzerland (Genf, Solothurn)
11 SWI
Remarks: auricomus agg.
species :
Ranunculus creticus L.; Sp. Pl. 550 (1753)
Name: Kretischer Hahnenfuß (DE); Cretan Buttercup (EN)
Distribution: Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (Rhodos, Karpathos)
13 GRC KRI 34 EAI
species :
Ranunculus crithmifolius Hook.f.; Handb. N. Zeal. Fl. 6 (1864)
Distribution: New Zealand (Wairau River Gorge)
51 NZL
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus chordorhizos Hook.f.; Handb. N. Zeal. Fl. 723 (1867)
species :
Ranunculus crosbyi Cockayne; Rep. Bot. Surv. Stewart Island, 42 (1909)
Distribution: New Zealand (Stewart Isl.)
51 NZL
Remarks: status uncertain
species :
Ranunculus crucilobus H.Lév.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 11: 32 (1912)
Distribution: South Korea (Cheju Isl.)
38 KOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus crucilobus var. chrysotrichus Nakai; nom. nud.
= Ranunculus japonicus var. crucilobus (H.Lév.) M.Kim; Korean Endemic Pl. 55 (2004)
species :
Ranunculus crymophilus Boiss. & Hohen.; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Oricnt. 8: 6. (1849)
Distribution: Turkey (SE-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Iran (N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran)
34 IRN IRQ TUR
species :
Ranunculus cryptanthus Milne-Redh. & Turrill; Kew Bull. 147 (1951)
Distribution: Uganda; Kenya
25 KEN UGA
species :
Ranunculus cuneaticans (Julin) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 137 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden
10 SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. cuneaticans Julin; Opera Bot. 57: 37 (1980)
species :
Ranunculus cuneifolius Maxim.; Bull. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Petersbourg 23(2): 306-307 (1877)
Distribution: China (Heilongjiang, Liaoning, Nei Mongol)
36 CHI
variant :
var. latisectus S.H.Li & Y.H.Huang; Fl. Pl. Herb. Chin. Bor.-Orient. 3: 200, 230, f. 85, f. 3-4 (1975)
Distribution: China (SW-Liaoning)
36 CHI
species :
Ranunculus cuneilobus A.Rich.; Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 7. t. 3 (1847)
Distribution: Ethiopia; Eritrea
24 ERI ETH
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus distrias Steud. ex A.Rich.; Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 7 (1847)
= Ranunculus cuneilobus var. distrias (Steud. ex A.Rich.) Engl.
species :
Ranunculus cupreus Boiss. & Heldr.; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. 8: 3. (1849)
Distribution: Crete
13 KRI
species :
Ranunculus curvatus (Julin) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 137 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden
10 SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. curvatus Julin; Opera Bot. 57: 38 (1980)
species :
Ranunculus curvicaulis (Julin) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 137 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden
10 SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. curvicaulis Julin; Opera Bot. 57: 39 (1980)
species :
Ranunculus curvilobus A.C.Leslie; Fl. Gr. Brit. Ireland 1: 671 (2018)
Name: Kibworth Goldilocks Buttercup
Distribution: England (Leicestershire)
10 GRB
Remarks: auricomus agg.
species :
Ranunculus cyclocarpus Pamp.; Arch. Bot. (Forli) 12- 25 (1936)
Distribution: Libya (Cyrenaica)
20 LBY
species :
Ranunculus cymbalarifolius Moris; Stirp. Sard. Elench. 1: 2. (1827)
Distribution: Sardinia
12 SAR
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus balbisii Moris; Fl. Sardoa 1: 40 (1837) (nom. illeg.)
= Ranunculus breyninus subsp. sardous Ed.Schmid; Vierteljahrsschr. Naturf. Ges. Zürich 78: 246 (1933)
species :
Ranunculus cyprius (Boiss.) Vierh.; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 84: 132 (1935)
Distribution: Cyprus
34 CYP
Remarks: Status uncertain, cadmicus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus cadmicus var. cyprius Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 1: 32 (1867)
species :
Ranunculus cytheraeus (Halácsy) Baldini; Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. London, Bot. 32(1): 10 (2002)
Name: Kythera-Hahnenfuß (DE); Kythira Buttercup (EN)
Distribution: Greece; Crete; Libya; East Aegaean Isl. (Rhodos); Turkey; Cyprus
13 GRC KRI 20 LBY 34 CYP EAI TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus bullatus subsp. cyrenaicus (Pamp.) Maire; Fl. Afrique N. 11: 139 (1964)
= Ranunculus bullatus subsp. cytheraeus (Halácsy) Vierh.; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 84: 129 (1935)
= Ranunculus bullatus var. cyrenaicus Pamp.; Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 26: 212 (1919)
= Ranunculus bullatus var. cytheraeus Halácsy; Verh. K. K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 54: 483 (1904)
= Ranunculus bullatus var. prolifer Gennari; Boll. Soc. Bot. Ital. 1925: 101 (1925)
species :
Ranunculus czimganicus Ovcz.; Komarov, Fl. URSS 7: 493, 747 (1937)
Distribution: Uzbekistan; Tajikistan
32 TZK UZB
species :
Ranunculus czywczynensis Jasiewicz; Fragm. Florist. Geobot. 2(1): 100 (1956)
Distribution: S-Poland
11 POL
Remarks: auricomus agg.
species :
Ranunculus dactylophylloides (Julin) Ericsson; Svensk Bot. Tidskr., et in Ann. Bot. Fenn. 86(2): 79 (1992) 29(2): 137 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden
10 SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. dactylophylloides Julin; Opera Bot. 57: 40(1980)
species :
Ranunculus dactylophyllus Borch.-Kolb; Mitt. Bot. Staatssamml. München 21(1): 112 (1985)
Name: Gefingerter Goldhahnenfuß (DE)
Distribution: Germany (Bayern, Sachsen)
11 GER
Remarks: auricomus agg.
species :
Ranunculus daedalus (Markl.) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 137 (1992)
Distribution: Finland
10 FIN
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus fallax subsp. daedalus Markl.
species :
Ranunculus dahlgreniae Zalewska-Gal., Wiegleb & Jopek; Acta Societ. Bot. Poloniae 92: 8 (2023)
Distribution: Crete
13 KRI
Remarks: Subgen. Batrachium. Status as species confirmed by genetics; related to R. saniculifolius.
species :
Ranunculus dalehanensis Iranshahr & Rech.f.; Fl. Iranica 171: 160 (1992), nom. nov.
Distribution: Iran (SW-Iran)
34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus procumbens Boiss.; Fl. Suppl. 14 (1888) (non Ann. Sci. Nat. ser. 2, 16: 355 (1841))
species :
Ranunculus dalensis A.C.Leslie; Fl. Gr. Brit. Ireland 1: 673 (2018)
Name: Dales Goldilocks Buttercup
Distribution: England (Derbyshire)
10 GRB
Remarks: auricomus agg.
species :
Ranunculus damascenus Boiss. & Gaill.; Boiss., Diagn. ser. 2, 6: 5 (1859)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, NW-Syria, Jbel Druze, W-Syrian Mountains); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania)
34 IRQ JOR LEB SYR TUR
Remarks: oxyspermus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus oxyspermus subsp. damascenus (Boiss. & Gaill.) P.H.Davis; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 23: 143 (1960)
= Ranunculus oxyspermus subsp. phrygius (Boiss.) P.H.Davis; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 23: 143 (1960)
= Ranunculus phrygius Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 1: 29 (1867)
species :
Ranunculus danubius Borch.-Kolb; Mitt. Bot. Staatssamml. München 21(1): 91 (1985)
Name: Donau-Goldhahnenfuß (DE)
Distribution: Germany (Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Sachsen)
11 GER
Remarks: auricomus agg.
species :
Ranunculus dayiensis W.T.Wang; Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin 35(5): 641 (2015)
Distribution: China (Sichuan)
36 CHI
species :
Ranunculus decandrus W.T.Wang; Guihaia 33(5): 585 (2013)
Distribution: Tibet
36 TIB
species :
Ranunculus decorifactus (Julin) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 137 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden
10 SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. decorifactus Julin
species :
Ranunculus decorus (Markl. ex Fagerstr.) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 137 (1992)
Distribution: Finland; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; C-European Russia; N-European Russia; NW-European Russia
10 FIN 14 BLR EST LAT LIT RUS
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. decorus Markl. ex Fagerstr.; Acta Soc. Fauna Flora Fenn. 82(1): 16 (1974)
species :
Ranunculus decrescens (Julin) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 137 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden
10 SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. decrescens Julin; Opera Bot. 57: 41 (1980)
species :
Ranunculus decurvus (Hook.f.) Melville; Kew Bull. 202 (1955)
Distribution: Australia (C-Tasmania)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Rammculus scapiger var. decurvus Hook.f.; Fl. Tasman. 1: 7, t. 2A (1855)
= Ranunculus concinnus (Hook.f.) Melville; Kew Bull. 201 (1955)
= Ranunculus scapiger var. concinnus Hook.f.; Fl. Tasman. 1: 7 (1855)
species :
Ranunculus defectiflorus (Rasch) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 137 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden
10 SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. defectiflorus Rasch
species :
Ranunculus defectus (Markl.) Ericsson; Svensk Bot. Tidskr., et in Ann. Bot. Fenn. 86(2): 79 (1992) 29(2): 137 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden; Finland
10 FIN SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. defectus Markl.
species :
Ranunculus deformis (Julin) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 137 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden
10 SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. deformis Julin; Opera Bot. 57: 42 (1980)
species :
Ranunculus degenii Kümmerle & Jáv.; Bot. Közlem. 19: 19 (1921)
Distribution: S-Serbia; North Macedonia; NE-Albania
13 ALB NMA SRB
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus degenii f. glabratus Micevski; Prilozi Oddel. Biol. Med. Nauki Makedonska Akad. Nauk. Umet. 5: 9 (1984)
= Ranunculus degenii f. pilosus Micevski; Prilozi Oddel. Biol. Med. Nauki Makedonska Akad. Nauk. Umet. 5: 8 (1984)
species :
Ranunculus deleniens (Markl.) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 137 (1992)
Distribution: Finland
10 FIN
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus fallax subsp. deleniens Markl.
species :
Ranunculus delvosallei (Demarsin) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 137 (1992)
Distribution: Belgium
11 BGM
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. delvosallei Demarsin
species :
Ranunculus demarsinii Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 137 (1992), nom. nov.
Distribution: Belgium
11 BGM
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. grandiflorus Demarsin
species :
Ranunculus deminuens (Julin) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 137 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden
10 SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. deminuens Julin; Opera Bot. 57: 42 (1980)
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. dissimilis Julin; Opera Bot. 57: 44 (1980)
species :
Ranunculus demissus DC.; Syst. Nat. [DC.] 1: 275 (1817)
Distribution: Spain; Montenegro; North Macedonia; Albania; Turkey (Inner Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia); Iran (W-Iran); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon); ?Pakistan (?Kurram)
12 SPA 13 ALB MNT NMA 34 IRN LEB TUR
Remarks: breyninus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus depressus Fisch. ex Steud.; Nomencl. Bot. (Steud.) 678, nomen (1821)
= Ranunculus lapponicus Soleirol ex Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 1: 10 (1878)
= Ranunculus nivalis Lag.; Anal. Cienc. Nat. 5: 280 (1804)
= Ranunculus polyrhizus Soleirol ex Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 1: 10 (1878)
= Ranunculus pseudopsis Jord.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon sér. 2, 7: 436 (1861)
= Ranunculus demissus var. major Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 1: 42 (1867)
species :
Ranunculus densiciliatus W.T.Wang; Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin 15(3): 280-281 (1995)
Distribution: S-Tibet (Dinggyê Xian)
36 TIB
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus densiciliatus var. glabrescens W.L.Zheng; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 37(3): 304 (1999)
= Ranunculus densiciliatus var. nyingchiensis W.L.Zheng; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 37(3): 303 (1999)
species :
Ranunculus densipilus A.C.Leslie; Fl. Gr. Brit. Ireland 1: 675 (2018)
Name: Holbrook Goldilocks Buttercup
Distribution: England (Suffolk)
10 GRB
Remarks: auricomus agg.
species :
Ranunculus deripovae Tzvelev; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 80(7): 77 (1995)
Distribution: S-European Russia; Ukraine
14 RUS UKR
species :
Ranunculus dialeptus (Markl.) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 137 (1992)
Distribution: Finland
10 FIN
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. dialeptus Markl.
species :
Ranunculus dichotomus Moc. & Sessé ex DC.; Syst. Nat. [DC.] 1: 288 (1817)
Distribution: Mexico (Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Oaxaca, Puebla, Tlaxcala, Veracruz); Guatemala; Colombia (Putumayo); Ecuador; Peru
79 MEX 80 GUA 82 CLM 83 ECU PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus dichotomus var. limnobius Briq.; Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 11-12: 178 (1908)
= Ranunculus palimbifolius Wedd.; Chlor. And. 2: 303 (1861)
= Ranunculus pinnatus Sessé & Moc.; Fl. Mexic., ed. 2: 135 (1894) non Poir.
= Ranunculus sodiroi H.Lév.; Bull. Acad. Geogr. Bot. 10: 209 (1901)
species :
Ranunculus dielsianus Ulbr.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 48(5): 621-622 (1913)
Distribution: China (W-Sichuan, NE-Yunnan); S-Tibet
36 CHI TIB
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus dielsianus Ulbr., Hand.-Mazz.; Acta Hort. Gotoburg. 13: 143 (1939), descr. ampl.
variant :
var. leiogynus W.T.Wang; Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin 15(3): 291 (1995)
Distribution: China (NE-Qinghai)
36 CHI
variant :
var. longipilosus W.T.Wang; Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin 16(2): 164 (1996)
Distribution: China (NE-Yunnan)
36 CHI
variant :
var. suprasericeus Hand.-Mazz.; Acta Horti Gothob. 13(4): 144, f. 4, 18-19 (1939)
Distribution: China (SW-Sichuan, NW-Yunnan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus suprasericeus (Hand.-Mazz.) L.Liou; Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 28: 278 (1980)
species :
Ranunculus diffusus DC.; Prodr. 1: 38 (1824)
Distribution: China (W-Yunnan, N-Yunnan); S-Tibet; Pakistan (Hazara, Murree, Azad Kashmir); Nepal; Bhutan; India (Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Manipur, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Punjab, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, West Bengal); Myanmar (Chin, Sagaing); Vietnam; Java
36 CHI TIB 40 BHU IND NEP PAK 41 MYA VIE 42 JAW
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus decumbens Bertol.; Mem. Acad. Sci. Bolog. Ser. II. 5: 375 (1865)
= Ranunculus nepalensis Spreng.; Syst. Nat. 2: 655 (1821)
= Ranunculus diffusus var. incisus M.Tamura; J. Beobot. 26(3): 68 (1978)
= Ranunculus obtectus Wall.; Cat. 167, n. 4705 A (1831), nom. nud.
= Ranunculus vitifolius Royle ex D.Don; Royle, Ill. Bot. Him. 53 (1834)
variant :
var. mollis (D.Don) S.K.Srivast.; Taiwania 55(3): 279 (2010)
Distribution: India (Arunachal Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Manipur, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Sikkim, West Bengal)
40 IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus hydrocotyloides Wall.; Cat. 167, n. 4703 (1831), nom. nud.
= Ranunculus diffusus f. mollis (Wall.) Diels; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 7(33): 231, 391. (1912)
= Ranunculus mollis Wall.; (Cat. 167, n. 4704 (1831), nom. nud.) ex D. Don in Royle, Ill. Bot. Him. 53 (1834)
species :
Ranunculus digitatifolius Jasiewicz; Fragm. Florist. & Geobot., Krakow 2: 1. 78 (1956)
Distribution: Poland; Bulgaria
11 POL 13 BUL
Remarks: auricomus agg., cassubicus subagg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus cassubicus subsp. digitatifolius (Jasiewicz) Jasiewicz; Fl. Polski Rosl. Naczyniowe, ed. 2, 4: 73 (1985)
species :
Ranunculus digitatus Hook.; Hook., Lond. J. Bot. 3: 124 (1851)
Name: Utah buttercup
Distribution: USA (Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Utah, Wyoming)
73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus jovis A.Nelson; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club, 261 (1900)
species :
Ranunculus dilatatus Ovcz.; Komarov, Fl. URSS 7: 497, 747 (1937)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan
32 KAZ KGZ
species :
Ranunculus dimidiatus (Julin) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 137 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden
10 SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. dimidiatus Julin; Opera Bot. 57: 44 (1980)
species :
Ranunculus diminutus B.G.Briggs; Telopea 5(4): 583 (1994)
Distribution: Australia (SE-South Australia, New South Wales, NE- & SW-Victoria and Badger Isl., Bass Strait, Tasmania)
50 AUS
species :
Ranunculus dingjieensis L.Liou; Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 28: 362 (1980)
Distribution: S-Tibet (Dinggyê Xian)
36 TIB
species :
Ranunculus diodon Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 137 (1992), nom. nov.
Distribution: Sweden
10 SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. bidens Julin; Opera Bot. 57: 26 (1980)
species :
Ranunculus dispar (Markl.) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 137 (1992)
Distribution: Finland
10 FIN
Remarks: auricomus agg., cassubicus subagg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus cassubicus subsp. dispar Markl.
species :
Ranunculus dissectifolius F.Muell. ex Benth.; Fl. Australia 1: 11 (1863)
Distribution: Australia (S-New South Wales: Mt Kosciuszko plateau)
50 AUS
species :
Ranunculus dissectus M.Bieb.; Fl. Taur.-Caucas. 2: 25 (1808)
subspecies :
subsp. dissectus
Distribution: Crimea; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SSW-Anatolia); Iran (Iranian Aserbaijan)
14 KRY 34 IRN TUR
Remarks: dissectus agg.
subspecies :
subsp. aragazii (Grossh.) Bulany & Derv.-Sokol.; Byull. Mosk. Obshch. Ispyt. Prir., Biol. 91(6): 107 (1986)
Distribution: Armenia; Azerbaijan
33 ARM AZE
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus aragazii Grossh.; Dokl. Akad. Nauk Armenii 8(2): 83 (1948)
subspecies :
subsp. ermenekensis Kit Tan & Vural; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 42: 61 (1984)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
subspecies :
subsp. glabrescens (Boiss.) P.H.Davis; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 23: 139 (1960)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus; Turkey
33 NCS 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus huetii var. glabrescens Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 2, 5: 8 (1856)
subspecies :
subsp. huetii (Boiss.) P.H.Davis; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 23: 137 (1960)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus bourgaei Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 1: 43 (1867)
= Ranunculus huetii Boiss.; Diagn. PI. Orient. ser. 2, 5: 7 (1856)
= Ranunculus lazicus Boiss.; Fl. Or. Suppl. (1888) 1 I
subspecies :
subsp. napellifolius P.H.Davis; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 23: 137 (1960)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus; Turkey
33 NCS 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus napellifolius DC.; Syst. Nat. [DC.] 1: 282 (1817) (non Crantz, Stirp. Austr. Fasc. 2: 90 (1763))
subspecies :
subsp. rigidulus (Boiss.) P.H.Davis; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 23: 139 (1960), nom. illeg.
Distribution: NE-Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus huetii var. rigidulus Boiss.; Fl. Orient. Suppl.: 11 (1888)
= Ranunculus rigidulus Boiss.; Fl. Or. Suppl. (1888) 11, nom. illeg., non J. K. Fisch. 1861
= Ranunculus rigidulus (Boiss.) Bulany & Derv.-Sokol.; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 24: 95 (1987)
subspecies :
subsp. sibthorpii P.H.Davis; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 23: 138 (1960)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus ponticus K.Koch; Linnaea 19: 46 (1847) (syn. subst.)
= Ranunculus sibthorpii Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 2, 1: 7 (1854) (nom. illeg.)
= Ranunculus dissectus Aucher ex Tchich.; Asie Min., Bot. (P. A. Tchichatscheff) i. 378 (1860)
= Ranunculus aucheri Clemente ex Boiss.; Fl. Orient. (Boiss.) 1: 43 (1867)
= Ranunculus camossianus Clemente; Mem. Acc. Sci. Torin. Ser. II. 16: 242 (1857)
= Ranunculus montanus Sm.; Fl. Graec. Prod. 2: 359 (1809)
= Ranunculus nivalis Sm.; Fl. Graec. Prod. 1: 382 (1809)
subspecies :
subsp. szowitsianus (Boiss.) Elenevsky & Derv.-Sokol.; Byull. Mosk. Obshch. Ispyt. Prir., Biol. 91(6): 107 (1986)
Distribution: Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Iran (Iranian Aserbaijan)
33 ARM AZE GEO 34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus crymophilus var. merovensis (Grossh.) Mobayen & Maleki
= Ranunculus merovensis Grossh.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 44: II. 212 (1927)
= Ranunculus szowitsianus Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 1: 42 (1867)
species :
Ranunculus dissectus Charit.; Florogen. Komm. Zelenoi Knige Sibiri (Vysokogor´ya, Bolota, Tundry) 94 (2010)
Distribution: Siberia (W-Siberia)
30 SIB
Remarks: provisionally accepted name, will highly likely turn out to be a synonym of a more widespread species
species :
Ranunculus dissidens (Markl.) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 138 (1992)
Distribution: Finland
10 FIN
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. dissidens Markl.
species :
Ranunculus dissimilifolius (Julin) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 138 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden
10 SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. dissimilifolius Julin; Bot. Not. 131(3): 321 (1978)
species :
Ranunculus distans Wall. ex Royle; Ill. Bot. Himal. Mts. 1: 53 (1834)
Distribution: Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Afghanistan (Badakshan, Baghlan, Herat, Kabul, Kunar / Nuristan, Laghman, Wardak, Nangarhar, Paktia / Khost, Parwan, Takhar); China (NW-Yunnan); S-Tibet; Pakistan (Waziristan, Kurram, Chitral, N. W. Frontier Prov., Swat, Hazara, Murree, Gilgit, Baltistan, Azad Kashmir); Nepal; Bhutan; India (Arunachal Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Odisha)
32 KGZ TZK UZB 34 AFG 36 CHI TIB 40 BHU IND NEP PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus brevirostris Edgew.; Trans. Linn. Soc. London 20: 28 (1846)
= Ranunculus distans var. latifolius Qureshi & Chaudhri; Pakistan Syst. 3(1): 14 (1987)
= Ranunculus laetus subsp. chitralicus Qureshi & Chaudhri; Pakistan Syst. 3: 14 (1987)
= Ranunculus laetus subsp. laetiformis Ovcz.; Fl. Tadzhikskoi SSR 4: 116 (1975)(without latin descr. or type)
= Ranunculus laetus subsp. pseudolaetus (M.Tamura) Ovcz.; Fl. Tadzhikskoi SSR 4: 116 (1975)
= Ranunculus laetus var. latifolius Qureshi & Chaudhri; Pakistan Syst. 3: 14 (1987)
= Ranunculus laetus Wall.; (Cat. 167, n. 4702 (1831), nom. nud.) ex D. Don in Royle, Ill. Bot. Him. 53 (1834), non Salisb.
= Ranunculus laetus Wall. ex Royle; (1839) (non Salisb. (1796))
= Ranunculus pseudolaetus M.Tamura; Acta Phytotax. & Geobot., Kyoto 19: 109 (1963)
species :
Ranunculus distendens (Markl.) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 138 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden; Finland
10 FIN SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. distendens Markl.
species :
Ranunculus djuloeensis (Julin) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 138 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden
10 SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. djuloeensis Julin; Opera Bot. 57: 45 (1980)
species :
Ranunculus doerrii Borch.-Kolb; Mitt. Bot. Staatssamml. München 21(1): 96 (1985)
Name: Dörr-Goldhahnenfuß (DE)
Distribution: Germany (Bayern)
11 GER
Remarks: auricomus agg.
species :
Ranunculus dolichodon Dunkel; Kochia 15: 134 (2022)
Distribution: Germany (Sachsen)
11 GER
Remarks: auricomus agg.
species :
Ranunculus dolichodontus A.C.Leslie; Fl. Gr. Brit. Ireland 1: 672 (2018)
Name: Thorneycroft Goldilocks Buttercup
Distribution: England (Surrey)
10 GRB
Remarks: auricomus agg.
species :
Ranunculus dolosus Fisch. & C.A.Mey.; Hohenack., Enum. Talysch. 148 (1837)
Distribution: Iran (NW-Iran)
34 IRN
species :
Ranunculus domingensis Urb. & Ekman; Ark. Bot. 22: A. No. 8, 23 (1929)
Distribution: Dominican Republic; Haiti
81 HIS
species :
Ranunculus dongrergensis Hand.-Mazz.; Acta Horti Gothob. 13(4): 157-158, t. 1, f. 8, 9 (1939)
Distribution: China (NW-Sichuan, NW-Yunnan); S-Tibet
36 CHI TIB
variant :
var. altifidus W.T.Wang; Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin 15(3): 291 (1995)
Distribution: SE-Tibet (Mêdog Xian)
36 TIB
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus altifidus (W.T.Wang) Luferov; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 45: 147 (2014)
species :
Ranunculus donianus Pritz.; Walp. Rep. 2: 740 (1843)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Ciudad de Mexico, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Puebla, Tlaxcala, Veracruz); Guatemala
79 MEX 80 GUA
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus humilis D.Don ex G.Don; Gen. Hist. 1: 34 (1831)
species :
Ranunculus dregei J.C.Manning & Goldblatt; Bothalia 43(2): 190 (2013), nom. nov.
Distribution: Zimbabwe; Mozambique; South Africa (North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Lesotho
26 MOZ ZIM 27 LES SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus meyeri Harv.; Harv. & Sond. Fl. Cap. 1: 7 (1860)
species :
Ranunculus duciformis (Julin) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 138 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden
10 SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. duciformis Julin; Opera Bot. 57: 46 (1980)
species :
Ranunculus ducis (Julin) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 138 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden
10 SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. ducis Julin
species :
Ranunculus duoxionglashanicus W.T.Wang; Guihaia 33(5): 585 (2013)
Distribution: Tibet
36 TIB
species :
Ranunculus dyris (Maire) H.Lindb.; Acta Soc. Sci. Fenn., Ser. B, Opera Diol. l(2): 54 (1932)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Remarks: breyninus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus geraniifolius subsp. dyris Maire; Bult. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 15: 71 (1924)
= Ranunculus dyris var. pseudobulbosus Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N.24: 195 (1933)
species :
Ranunculus dysandrus (Markl.) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 138 (1992)
Distribution: Finland
10 FIN
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. dysandrus Markl.
species :
Ranunculus dysanthus (Julin) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 138 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden
10 SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. dysanthus Julin; Opera Bot. 57: 47 (1980)
species :
Ranunculus effingens (Markl.) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 138 (1992)
Distribution: Finland
10 FIN
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus fallax subsp. effingens Markl.
species :
Ranunculus egens (Markl.) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 138 (1992)
Distribution: Finland
10 FIN
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. egens Markl.
species :
Ranunculus eichleranus B.G.Briggs; Proc. Linn. Soc. N. S. Wales 84: 313 (1960)
Distribution: Australia (high altitudes in Victoria)
50 AUS
species :
Ranunculus elatior (Fr.) Ericsson; Svensk Bot. Tidskr., et in Ann. Bot. Fenn. 86(2): 79 (1992) 29(2): 138 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden; Finland
10 FIN SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg., cassubicus subagg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus cassubicus var. elatior Fr.; Nov. Fl. Suec. Alt. 38 (1839)
= Ranunculus cassubicus subsp. elatior (Fr.) Markl.; Fl. Fenn. 4: 90 (1965)
species :
Ranunculus elbursensis Boiss.; Fl. 1: 34 (1867) (elbrusensis)
Distribution: Armenia; Iran (EC-Iran, N-Iran, W-Iran)
33 ARM 34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus elbrusensis f. bungeanus (Boiss.) Parsa; Fl. Iran 2: 216 (1986)
species :
Ranunculus elegans K.Koch; Linnaea 15: 248 (1841)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan
33 ARM AZE GEO NCS
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus georgicus Kem.-Nath.; Not. Syst. Geogr. Inst. Bot. Thbiliss., Fasc. 23, 33 (1963)
= Ranunculus grandiflorus subsp. davisii Elenevsky & Derv.-Sokol.; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 16: 118 (1979)
species :
Ranunculus elegantifrons Hörandl & Gutermann; Bot. Jahrb., 121(1): 120 (1999)
Distribution: Austria
11 AUT
Remarks: auricomus agg.
species :
Ranunculus elenevskyi M.V.Sokolova; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 29: 69 (1993)
Distribution: Russian Far East (Kamchatka, Kuril Isl., Sakhalin)
31 RFE
species :
Ranunculus elephantotis Dunkel; Kochia 15: 83 (2022)
Distribution: Germany (Sachsen)
11 GER
Remarks: auricomus agg.
species :
Ranunculus elisae Gamisans; Candollea 47(2): 305 (1992)
Distribution: Corsica
12 COR
Remarks: auricomus agg.
species :
Ranunculus ellipes (Markl.) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 138 (1992)
Distribution: Finland
10 FIN
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus fallax subsp. ellipes Markl.
species :
Ranunculus elongatus Charit.; Florogen. Komm. Zelenoi Knige Sibiri (Vysokogor´ya, Bolota, Tundry) 99 (2010)
Distribution: Siberia (W-Siberia)
30 SIB
Remarks: provisionally accepted name, will highly likely turn out to be a synonym of a more widespread species
species :
Ranunculus elymaiticus Boiss. & Hausskn.; Boiss., Fl. Suppl. 6 (1888)
Distribution: Iran (SW-Iran)
34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus thala Mobayen; Mobayen & Maleki, Iranian J. Bot. 2 2: 123, f. 3 (1984)
species :
Ranunculus emarginatus Charit.; Florogen. Komm. Zelenoi Knige Sibiri (Vysokogor´ya, Bolota, Tundry) 96 (-97) (2010)
Distribution: Siberia (W-Siberia)
30 SIB
Remarks: provisionally accepted name, will highly likely turn out to be a synonym of a more widespread species
species :
Ranunculus emersus (Fagerstr.) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 138 (1992)
Distribution: Finland
10 FIN
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus fallax subsp. emersus Fagerstr.
species :
Ranunculus emmetrus (Markl.) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 138 (1992)
Distribution: Finland
10 FIN
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus fallax subsp. emmetrus Markl.
species :
Ranunculus engelianus Dunkel; J. Bot. Soc. Bot. France 66: 26 (2014)
Distribution: France (Alsace)
12 FRA
Remarks: auricomus agg.
species :
Ranunculus envalirensis Grau; Mitt. Bot. Staatssamml. München 20: 14 (1984)
Distribution: N-Spain; Andorra; SW-France (Pyrenees)
12 ADO FRA SPA
Remarks: auricomus agg., one of very few sexually reproducing members of auricomus agg. (see Karbstein et al. 2020)
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. envalirensis (Grau) Molero, J.Pujadas & Romo; Homenaje Pedro Montserrat (Monogr. Inst. Pirenaico Ecol. (Jaca), 4): 274 (1988)
= Ranunculus cebennensis Dunkel; Willdenowia 48(2): 237 (2018)
species :
Ranunculus enysii Kirk; Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 12: 394 (1880)
Distribution: New Zealand (N-Canterbury to SW-Otago)
51 NZL
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus berggrenii Petrie; Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 19: 325 (1886 publ. 1887)
= Ranunculus novae-zelandiae Petrie; Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 26: 266 (1893 publ. 1894)
= Ranunculus novae-zelandiae var. repens Simpson & Thomson; (1942)
= Ranunculus poppelwellii Petrie
= Ranunculus tenuis Buchanan; Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 20: 255 (1887 publ. 1888)
species :
Ranunculus epacrus (Markl.) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 138 (1992)
Distribution: Finland
10 FIN
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. epacrus Markl.
species :
Ranunculus erectidens (Julin) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 138 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden
10 SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. erectidens Julin; Opera Bot. 57: 48 (1980)
species :
Ranunculus erectus (Julin) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 138 (1992)
Distribution: Denmark; Norway; Sweden
10 DEN NOR SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. erectus Julin; Bot. Not. 131(3): 321 (1978)
species :
Ranunculus eriorrhizus Boiss. & Buhse; Nouv. Mém. Soc. Nat. Moscou 12: 5 (1860)
Distribution: Iran (EC-Iran, SW-Iran)
34 IRN
species :
Ranunculus erythrogonius (Markl.) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 138 (1992)
Distribution: Finland
10 FIN
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus fallax subsp. erythrogonius Markl.
species :
Ranunculus eryuanensis Erst; Sist. Zametki Mater. Gerb. Krylova Tomsk. Gosud. Univ. 112: 60 (2015), nom. nov.
Distribution: China (W-Guizhou, Yunnan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus kunmingensis var. hispidus W.T.Wang; Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin 15(3): 310 (1995)
species :
Ranunculus eschscholtzii Schltdl.; Animad. Ran. 2: 16. t. 1 (1820)
Name: Eschscholtz´s buttercup
Distribution: Russian Far East (Kamchatka, Kuril Isl., Magadan); Alaska; Aleutes; Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Northern Territories, Yukon); USA (Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, New Mexico, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, Washington State, Wyoming)
31 RFE 70 ASK CDN 71 CDN 73 USA 76 USA 77 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus eschscholtzii var. asiaticus Kom.
= Ranunculus eschscholtzii var. helleri (Rydb.) L.D.Benson; Amer. J. Bot. 23: 169 (1936)
= Ranunculus eschscholtzii var. hookeri G.Don; Gen. Hist. 1: 34 (1831)
= Ranunculus eschscholtzii var. hultenianus L.D.Benson
= Ranunculus helleri Rydb.; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 29: 158 (1902)
= Ranunculus nivalis var. eschscholtzii (Schltdl.) S.Watson; Botany [Fortieth Parallel]: 8 (1871)
= Ranunculus ocreatus Greene; Pittonia 4: 15 (1899)
= Ranunculus pauperculus Ovcz.; Komarov, Fl. URSS 7: 398. 742 (1937), cum descr. ampl.
variant :
var. oxynotus (A.Gray) Jeps.; Fl. Calif. [Jeps.] 1: 537 (1921)
Distribution: USA (California, Nevada)
76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus oxynotus A.Gray; Proc. Am. Acad. 10: 68 (1874)
variant :
var. trisectus (Eastw.) L.D.Benson; Amer. J. Bot. 23: 170 (1936)
Name: Threesection buttercup
Distribution: USA (Idaho, Oregon, Utah, Wyoming)
73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus trisectus Eastw.; Proc. Amer. Acad. 45: 394 (1910)
= Ranunculus eschscholtzii subsp. trisectus (Eastw.) F.J.F.Fisher, J.A.Rowley & C.J.Marchant; Compt. Rend. Séances Soc. Biogéogr. 50(438): 38 (1973 publ. 1974)
species :
Ranunculus euanthemus (Markl.) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 138 (1992)
Distribution: Finland
10 FIN
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus fallax subsp. euanthemus Markl.
species :
Ranunculus eugyalus (Markl.) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 138 (1992)
Distribution: Finland
10 FIN
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. eugyalus Markl.
species :
Ranunculus eumorphus (Markl.) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 138 (1992)
Distribution: Finland
10 FIN
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. eumorphus Markl.
species :
Ranunculus euprepes (Markl.) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 138 (1992)
Distribution: Finland; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; NW-European Russia
10 FIN 14 EST LAT LIT RUS
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus fallax subsp. euprepes Markl.
species :
Ranunculus euryanthes (Markl.) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 138 (1992)
Distribution: Finland; NW-European Russia
10 FIN 14 RUS
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus fallax subsp. euryanthes Markl.
species :
Ranunculus eurycaulos Lourteig; Mem. Soc. Cienc. Nat. La Salle 16: (Ranunc. Südamer. Trop.) 76 (1956)
Distribution: Bolivia (La Paz)
83 BOL
Conservation Status: known only from type
species :
Ranunculus eurycolpus (Markl.) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 138 (1992)
Distribution: Finland
10 FIN
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. eurycolpus Markl.
species :
Ranunculus euryphyllarius (Markl.) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 138 (1992)
Distribution: Finland; NW-European Russia
10 FIN 14 RUS
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. euryphyllarius Markl.
species :
Ranunculus euthygrammus (Markl.) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 138 (1992)
Distribution: Finland
10 FIN
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus fallax subsp. euthygrammus Markl.
species :
Ranunculus eversii (Julin) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 138 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden
10 SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. eversii Julin; Mem. Soc. Fauna Flora Fenn. 62(4): 120 (1986)
species :
Ranunculus evolutus (Julin) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 138 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden
10 SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. evolutus Julin; Opera Bot. 57: 49 (1980)
species :
Ranunculus excellentis (Julin) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 139 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden
10 SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. excellentis Julin; Opera Bot. 57: 49 (1980)
species :
Ranunculus excisus Dunkel; Kochia 6: 71 (2012)
Name: Ausgeschnittener Goldhahnenfuß (DE)
Distribution: Germany (Rheinland-Pfalz)
11 GER
Remarks: auricomus agg.
species :
Ranunculus exiguidens (Markl.) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 139 (1992)
Distribution: Finland
10 FIN
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. exiguidens Markl.
species :
Ranunculus exiguifrons (Cedercr.) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 139 (1992)
Distribution: Finland
10 FIN
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. exiguifrons Cedercr.
species :
Ranunculus eximius Greene; Erythea 3: 19 (1895)
Name: Tundra buttercup
Distribution: Canada (British Columbia); USA (Arizona, Idaho, Montana, Utah, Wyoming)
71 CDN 73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus eschscholtzii var. eximius (Greene) L.D.Benson; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 68: 654 (1941)
= Ranunculus saxicola Rydb.; Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 1: 164 (1900)
species :
Ranunculus expansus (Julin) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 139 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden
10 SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. expansus Julin; Bot. Not. 131(3): 325 (1978)
species :
Ranunculus fagerstroemii (Markl.) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 139 (1992)
Distribution: Finland; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; E- & NW-European Russia
10 FIN 14 EST LAT LIT
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus fallax subsp. fagerstroemii Markl.
species :
Ranunculus fallacifolius (Julin) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 139 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden
10 SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. fallacifolius Julin; Opera Bot. 57: 50 (1980)
species :
Ranunculus fallacillus (Julin) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 140 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden
10 SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. fallacillus Julin; Opera Bot. 57: 51 (1980)
species :
Ranunculus fallacior Dunkel; Kochia 15: 86 (2022)
Distribution: Germany (Sachsen)
11 GER
Remarks: auricomus agg.
species :
Ranunculus fallax (Wimm. & Grab.) Sloboda; Rostlinictvi: 679 (1852)
Distribution: Czech Republic; Slovakia; Corsica; Italy; Croatia; Bulgaria; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; European Russia; Moldova
11 CZE SLO 12 COR 13 BUL CRO ITA 14 EST LAT LIT MLD RUS
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus var. fallax Wimm. & Grab.; Fl. Siles. 2(I): 128 (1829)
= Ranunculus fallax (Wimm. & Grab.) Schur; Verh. Naturf. Vereins Brünn 15: 37 (1877), isonym
= Ranunculus hegetschweileri Ducommun; Taschenb. Schweiz. Bot.: 18 (1869)
= Ranunculus ×fallax (Wimm. & Grab.) A.Nyár.; Savul. Fl. Reipubl. Popul. Roman. 2: 586 (1953)
species :
Ranunculus farraensis Dunkel & Poldini; Webbia 71(2): 197 (2016)
Distribution: NE-Italy
13 ITA
Remarks: auricomus agg.
species :
Ranunculus fascicularis Muhl. ex Bigelow; Fl. Bost. ed. I. 137 (1814)
Name: Early buttercup
Distribution: Canada (Manitoba, Ontario); USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Colorado, Connecticut, Georgia, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, Vermont, Wisconsin, West Virginia)
71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus apricus Greene; Pittonia 4: 145 (1900)
= Ranunculus fascicularis var. apricus (Greene) Fernald; Rhodora 38: 178 (1936)
= Ranunculus fascicularis var. deforesti K.C.Davis; Minnesota Bot. Stud. 2: 470 (1900)
= Ranunculus fascicularis var. typicus L.D.Benson; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 40: 102 (1948)
= Ranunculus illinoensis Greene; Pittonia 5: 195 (1903)
= Ranunculus trifoliatus Muhl. ex Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 2: 436 (1841)
species :
Ranunculus fasciculiflorus H.Eichler; Biblioth. Bot. 31: Heft 124, 87 (1958)
Distribution: Moluccas (Seram)
42 MOL
species :
Ranunculus felixii H.Lév.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12(325-330): 281-282 (1913)
Distribution: China (SW-Sichuan, N-Yunnan); NW-India (Jammu & Kashmir, Sikkim)
36 CHI 40 IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus affinis var. flabellatus Franch.; Pl. Delavay. 19 (1890)
= Ranunculus taliensis Franch.; ex Hand.-Mazz. Symb. Sin. Pt. VII. 305 (1931)
species :
Ranunculus fenzlii Boiss.; Fl. 1: 44 (1867), nom. nov.
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus lasiostemon Fenzl; Pug. Pl. Nov. Syr.: 15 (1842)
species :
Ranunculus feripes (Rasch) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 140 (1992)
Distribution: Sweden
10 SWE
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus auricomus subsp. feripes Rasch
species :
Ranunculus ferocior Dunkel; Kochia 6: 83 (2012)
Name: Ungestümer Goldhahnenfuß (DE)
Distribution: Germany (Bayern, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern)
11 GER
Remarks: auricomus agg.
species :
Ranunculus festivus (Markl.) Ericsson; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 29(2): 140 (1992)
Distribution: Finland
10 FIN
Remarks: auricomus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus fallax subsp. festivus Markl.
species :
Ranunculus fibrillosus K.Koch; Linnaea 19: 47 (1847)
Distribution: Turkey (NW-Anatolia: Bithynia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus villosus subsp. fibrillosus (K.Koch) Elenevsky; Novosti Sist. Vyss. Rast. 16: 116 (1979)
species :
Ranunculus fibrosus Pomel; Bull. Soc. Sci. Phys. Algerie 11: 251 (1874)
Distribution: Morocco; Algeria
20 ALG MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Ranunculus chondrodes Pomel; Bull. Soc. Sci. Phys. Algerie 11: 251 (1874)
= Ranunculus flabellatus subsp. fibrosus (Pomel) Maire
= Ranunculus flabellatus var. chondrodes (Pomel) Batt.
= Ranunculus flabellatus var. fibrosus (Pomel) Batt.; Fl. Algerie [Batt. & Trabut] Dicot.: 12 (1888)
= Ranunculus flabellatus var. nidulans (Pomel) Batt.; Fl. Algerie [Batt. & Trabut] Dicot.: 12 (1888)
= Ranunculus flabellatus var. ovatus Freyn; Prodr. Fl. Hispan. [Willkomm & Lange] 3: 924 (1880)
= Ranunculus flabellatus var. reesei Sennen
= Ranunculus flabellatus var. termieri Sennen & Mauricio
= Ranunculus nidulans Pomel; Bull. Soc. Sci. Phys. Algerie 11: 252 (1874)
= Ranunculus paludosus var. chondrodes (Pomel) Maire
= Ranunculus paludosus var. fibrosus (Pomel) Emb. & Maire
= Ranunculus paludosus var. nidulans (Pomel) Maire; Fl. Afrique N. 11: 180 (1964)
= Ranunculus paludosus var. ovatus (Freyn) Emb. & Maire
species :
Ranunculus filamentosus Wedd.; Chlor. And. 2: 301 (1861)
Distribution: Peru; Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, La Paz, Tarija)
83 BOL PER
species :
Ranunculus filipedicellatus Charit.; Dopoln. Fl. i Rastitel´n. Yuga Zapadnoi Sibiri 163 (-164, 160; f. 6. 1) (2020)
Distribution: Siberia (W-Siberia)
30 SIB
Remarks: provisionally accepted name, will highly likely turn out to be a synonym of a more widespread species
species :
Ranunculus filistolonifer W.T.Wang; Guihaia 42(1): 6 (2022)
Distribution: China (Sichuan)
36 CHI
species :
Ranunculus filusanus Dunkel; Ber. Bayer. Bot. Ges. 92: 18 (1954)
Name: Vilser Goldhahnenfuß (DE)
Distribution: Germany (Bayern)
11 GER
Remarks: auricomus agg.
species :
Ranunculus finodivisus Dunkel;