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Ver. 19.2
April 1st, 2024

310.0000 Family Anacardiaceae R.Br.; J. H. Tuckey, Narr. Exped. Zaire: 431 (1818), nom. cons.
81 genera, ca. 900 spp. Phylogeny following Cole (2018) and Cole & Bachelier (2023, Anacardiaceae phylogeny poster)
Species listed in database: 938; hybrids: 5
= Blepharocaryaceae Airy Shaw; Kew Bull. 18: 254 (1965)
= Comocladiaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 144 (1820)
= Julianiaceae Hemsl.; J. Bot. 44: 379 (1906), nom. cons.
= Lentiscaceae Horan.; Tetractys: 25 (1843)
= Pistaciaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 485 (1820)
= Podoaceae Baill. ex Franch.Pl.Delav.: 145 (1889)
= Rhoaceae Spreng. ex Sadler; Fl. Comit. Pest. 2: 135 (1826)
= Schinaceae Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 3: 55 (1837)
= Spondiadaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 594 (1820)
= Vernicaceae Schultz Sch.; Nat. Syst. Pflanzenr.: 488 (1832)
310.0709 Genus Rhus L.; Sp. Pl.: 265 (1753)
Distribution: warm-temp., subtrop., and tropical regions; 1 extending to Crimea, Caucasus, and Middle Asia. All African members have been transferred into Searsia.
Species listed in database: 51; hybrids: 2
= Duckera F.A.Barkley; Amer. Midl. Nat. 28: 472 (1942), in clavi, sine descr. lat.
= Festania Raf.; Autik. Bot.: 84 (1840)
= Lobadium Raf.; Am. Monthly Mag. (1819) 357, et J. Phys. 89: 98 (1819)
= Melanococca Blume; Mus. Bot. 1: 236 (1850)
= Neostyphonia Shafer; Britton, North America. Trees, 612 (1908)
= Pocophorum Neck.; Elem. 2: 226 (1790)
= Rhoeidium Greene; Leaflets Bot. Obs. 1: 143 (1905)
= Schmaltzia Desv. ex DC.; Prodr. 2: 72 (1825)
= Spathe P.Browne; Hist. Jamaica. 187 (1756)
= Spathelia L.; Sp. Pl. ed. II. 386 (1763)
= Styphonia Nutt.; Torr. & A. Gray, Fl. N. Am. 1: 220 (1838)
= Sumacus Raf.; Autikon Bot. 83 (1840), sine descr.
= Terminthia Bernh.; Linnaea 12: 134 (1838)
= Turpinia Raf.; Med. Repos. N. York 5: 352 (1808)
species :
Rhus allophyloides Standl.; Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist. Chicago, Bot. Ser. 4: 220 (1929)
Distribution: Mexico (Sinaloa, Veracruz, Durango, Nayarit, Puebla, Nuevo Leon, etc.)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Rhus allophyloides var. mexiae F.A.Barkley & C.F.Reed; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 22: 209 (1939)
= Schmaltzia allophylloides (Standl.) F.A.Barkley; Am. Midl. Nat. 24: 656 (1940)
species :
Rhus amherstensis W.W.Sm.; Rec. Bot. Surv. India 6: 99 (1914)
Distribution: Myanmar (Chin, Kachin, Kayin, Mon)
41 MYA
species :
Rhus andrieuxii Engl.; Monogr. Phan. [DC.] 4: 389 (1883)
Distribution: Mexico (Coahuila, Hidalgo, Nuevo Leon, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Veracruz, Zacatecas)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Schmaltzia andrieuxii (Engl.) F.A.Barkley; Am. Midl. Nat. 24: 654 (1940)
= Toxicodendron andrieuxii (Engl.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 153 (1891)
species :
Rhus aromatica Aiton; Hort. Kew. ed. I. 1: 367 (1789)
Name: Fragrant sumac
Distribution: Canada (Ontario, Quebec); USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, Vermont, Wisconsin, West Virginia); Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Nuevo Leon, Oaxaca, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas); Tajikistan [I]; Uzbekistan [I]
32 tzk uzb 72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Cotinus arenarius F.A.Barkley; Lilloa 23: 253 (1950)
= Lobadium amentaceum Raf.; Am. Monthly Mag. 358 (1819)
= Lobadium aromaticum (Aiton) Sweet; Hort. Brit. 98 (1826)
= Lobadium crenatum (Mill.) F.A.Barkley; Crit. Trad. Conc. Rhus (Monogr. Biol. Soc. Iraq 3: 1962-63) 53 (1965)
= Lobadium fetidum Raf.; Autik. Bot.: 84 (1840)
= Lobadium suaveolens (Aiton) Raf.; J. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat. Arts 89: 98 (1819)
= Lobadium trifoliatum Raf.; First Cat. Gard. Transylv. Univ.: 14 (1824)
= Rhus aromatica var. glabra Engl.; DC. & A. DC., Monogr. Phan. 4: 385 (1883)
= Rhus aromatica var. illinoensis (Greene) Rehder; J. Arnold Arbor. 20: 415 (1939)
= Rhus aromatica var. suaveolens (Aiton) H.Jaeger & Beissn.; Ziergehölze Gärt. Parkanl., ed. 2: 308 (1884)
= Rhus canadensis Marshall; Arbust. Amer. 129 (1785)
= Rhus canadensis var. illinoensis (Greene) Fernald; Rhodora 10: 52 (1908)
= Rhus illinoensis (Greene) Ashe; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 55: 465 (1928)
= Rhus illinoensis var. formosa (Greene) Ashe; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 55: 465 (1928)
= Rhus suaveolens Aiton; Hortus Kew. (Aiton) 1: 368 (1789)
= Schmaltzia anomala Greene; Leafl. Bot. Observ. Crit. 1: 139 (1905)
= Schmaltzia aromatica Desv. ex Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 2: 531 (1841), nom. inval.
= Schmaltzia crataegifolia Greene; Leafl. Bot. Observ. Crit. 1: 130 (1905)
= Schmaltzia crenata (Mill.) Greene; Leaflets Bot. Obs. 1: 128 (1905)
= Schmaltzia formosa Greene; Leafl. Bot. Observ. Crit. 1: 131 (1905)
= Schmaltzia illinoensis Greene; Leafl. Bot. Observ. Crit. 1: 131 (1905)
= Schmaltzia serrata Greene; Leafl. Bot. Observ. Crit. 1: 129 (1905)
= Toxicodendron crenatum Mill.; Gard. Dict., ed. 8. n. 5 (1768)
= Toxicodendron cuneatum K.Koch; Dendrologie 1: 579 (1869)
= Turpinia aromatica Raf. ex Desv.; J. Bot. 2: 170 (1809)
= Turpinia suaveolens Raf.; Med. Repos. N. York 5: 352 (1808)
variant :
var. arenaria (Greene) Fernald; Rhodora 43: 599 (1941)
Name: Fragrant sumac
Distribution: USA (Illinois, Indiana, Ohio)
74 USA 75 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Rhus arenaria (Greene) G.N.Jones; Amer. Midl. Naturalist, Monogr. 2: 178 (1945), nom. illeg.
= Rhus trilobata var. arenaria (Greene) F.A.Barkley; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 24: 408 (1937)
= Schmaltzia arenaria Greene; Leaflets Bot. Obs. 1: 130 (1905)
= Schmaltzia trilobata var. arenaria (Greene) F.A.Barkley; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 24: 660 (1940)
variant :
var. serotina (Greene) Rehder; J. Arnold Arbor. 20: 415 (1939)
Name: Fragrant sumac
Distribution: USA (Arkansas, Iowa, Illinois, Kansas, Missouri, Nebraska, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Texas, Wisconsin)
74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Rhus aromatica subsp. serotina (Greene) R.E.Brooks; Phytologia 52(1): 8 (1982)
= Rhus canadensis var. serotina (Greene) E.J.Palmer & Steyerm.; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 22: 591 (1935)
= Rhus nortonii (Greene) Rydb.; Brittonia 1: 93 (1931)
= Rhus trilobata var. serotina (Greene) F.A.Barkley; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 24: 406 (1937)
= Schmaltzia lasiocarpa Greene; Leafl. Bot. Observ. Crit. 1: 141 (1905)
= Schmaltzia nortonii Greene; Leafl. Bot. Observ. Crit. 1: 132 (1905)
= Schmaltzia serotina Greene; Leafl. Bot. Observ. Crit. 1: 131 (1905)
= Schmaltzia trilobata var. serotina (Greene) F.A.Barkley; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 24: 661 (1940)
species :
Rhus arsenei F.A.Barkley; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 24: 346 (1937)
Distribution: Mexico (Oaxaca, Puebla)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Schmaltzia arsenei (F.A.Barkley) F.A.Barkley; Am. Midl. Nat. 24: 649 (1940)
species :
Rhus bahamensis G.Don; Gen. Hist. 2: 72 (1832)
Distribution: Bahamas
81 BAH
species :
Rhus barclayi (Hemsl.) Standl.; Contr. US. Nat. Herb. 20: 218 (1919)
Distribution: Mexico (Colima, Guerrero, Jalisco, Nayarit, Baja California Sur)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Rhus terebinthifolia var. barclayi Hemsl.; Biol. Cent.-Amer., Bot. 1: 219 (1879)
= Schmaltzia barclayi (Hemsl.) F.A.Barkley; Am. Midl. Nat. 24: 649 (1940)
species :
Rhus caudata Lauterb.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 56: 362 (1920)
Distribution: New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
species :
Rhus chinensis Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. 8, 7. (1768)
Distribution: China (Hainan, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hunan, Hubei, Jiangxi, Fujian, Zhejiang, Anhui, Jiangsu, Shandong, Hebei, Henan, Shanxi, Shaanxi, Ningxia, Gansu, Qinghai, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan); Tibet; North Korea; South Korea; Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu); Ryukyu Isl.; Taiwan; Pakistan (Swat, Hazara, Murree); Bhutan; India (Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Manipur, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Rajasthan Sikkim, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, West Bengal); Bangladesh; Myanmar (Chin, Kachin, Mandalay, Mon, Sagaing, Shan); Thailand; Laos; Cambodia; peninsular Malaysia; Borneo
36 CHI TIB 38 JAP KOR NKO NNS TAI 40 BAN BHU IND PAK 41 CBD LAO MYA THA 42 BOR MLY
Synonyms: hidden
= Rhus chinensis f. purpurea (Sprenger) Rehder; Bibliogr. Cult. Trees: 658 (1949)
= Rhus chinensis var. glabra S.B.Liang; Bull. Bot. Res. North-East. Forest. Inst. 2(4): 156 (1982)
= Rhus japonica Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don; Prodr. Fl. Nepal. 248 (1825)
= Rhus javanica f. toyohashiensis (Hayashi) Satomi; J. Phytogeogr. Taxon. 28(1): 32 (1980)
= Rhus javanica var. chinensis (Mill.) T.Yamaz.; J. Jap. Bot. 68(4): 240 (1993)
= Rhus javanica var. toyohashiensis Hayashi; Bull. Gov. Forest Exp. Sta. 57: 154 (1952)
= Rhus osbeckii DC. ex Steud.; Nomencl. Bot. (ed. 2) 2: 452 (1841)
= Rhus semialata f. exalata Franch.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 33: 466 (1886), nom. nud.
= Rhus semialata Murray; Comm. S. Sci. Goetting. 6: 27, t. 3 (1784)
= Rhus semialata var. osbeckii DC.; Prodr. 2: 67 (1825)
= Rhus semialata var. purpurea Sprenger; Mitt. Deutsch. Dendrol. Ges. 16: 67 (1907 publ. 1908)
= Rhus simonii Carrière; Rev. Hort. (Paris) 37: 339 (1866)
= Schinus indicus Burm.f.; Fl. Indica 315 (1768)
= Toxicodendron semialatum (Murray) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 154 (1891)
variant :
var. roxburghii (DC.) Rehder; J. Arnold Arbor. 20: 416 (1929)
Distribution: China (Yunnan, Sichuan, Guizhou, Guangxi, Hainan, Guangdong, Hunan, Jiangxi); Taiwan; Laos; Vietnam
36 CHI 38 TAI 41 LAO VIE
Synonyms: hidden
= Rhus amela D.Don; Prodr. Fl. Nepal.: 248 (1825)
= Rhus javanica var. roxburghii (DC.) D.Chandra; J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 76(3): 554 (1979 publ. 1980)
= Rhus javanica var. roxburghii (DC.) Rehder & E.H.Wilson; Pl. Wils. 2(1): 179 (1914)
= Rhus roxburghii Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 2: 452 (1841), nom. inval., Art.34c (ICBN 2006)
= Rhus semialata var. roxburghii DC.; Prodr. 2: 67 (1825)
species :
Rhus chondroloma Standl.; Publ Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Chicago, Bot. Ser. 11: 164 (1936)
subspecies :
subsp. chondroloma
Distribution: Mexico (Guerrero, Oaxaca, Puebla)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Schmaltzia chondroloma (Standl.) F.A.Barkley; Am. Midl. Nat. 24: 652 (1940)
subspecies :
subsp. huajuapanensis D.A.Young; Madrono 23(6): 354 (1976)
Distribution: Mexico (Oaxaca, Puebla, etc.)
79 MEX
species :
Rhus choriophylla Wooton & Standl.; Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 16: 146 (1913)
Name: Evergreen sumac
Distribution: USA (Arizona, New Mexico, Texas); Mexico (Durango, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Sonora, Nuevo Leon, etc.)
76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Rhus virens var. choriophylla (Wooton & Standl.) B.L.Turner; Phytologia 80(5): 375 (1996 publ. 1997), isonym
= Rhus virens var. choriophylla (Wooton & Standl.) L.D.Benson; L. D. Benson & R. A. Darrow, Trees & Shrubs of Southwest. Deserts (ed. 3): 143 (1981)
= Schmaltzia choriophylla (Wooton & Standl.) F.A.Barkley; Am. Midl. Nat. 24: 653 (1940)
species :
Rhus ciliolata Turcz.; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 31: I. 470 (1858)
Distribution: Mexico (Oaxaca, Puebla)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Schmaltzia ciliolata (Turcz.) F.A.Barkley; Am. Midl. Nat. 24: 654 (1940)
species :
Rhus copallina L.; Sp. Pl. 266 (1753)
Name: Winged sumac
Distribution: USA (Alabama, District of Columbia, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Virginia, West Virginia); Trinidad & Tobago [I]
75 USA 78 USA 81 trt
Synonyms: hidden
= Rhus copallinum f. angustialata Engl.; DC. & A. DC., Monogr. Phan. 4: 384 (1883)
= Rhus copallinum f. crispa Farw.; Pap. Michigan Acad. Sci. 1: 95 (1923)
= Rhus copallinum f. frondosa Fernald; Rhodora 44: 425 (1942)
= Rhus copallinum f. integrifolia Engl.; DC. & A. DC., Monogr. Phan. 4: 384 (1883)
= Rhus copallinum f. latialata Engl.; DC. & A. DC., Monogr. Phan. 4: 384 (1883)
= Rhus copallinum f. serrata Engl.; DC. & A. DC., Monogr. Phan. 4: 384 (1883)
= Rhus copallinum var. angustifolia Engl.; DC. & A. DC., Monogr. Phan. 4: 384 (1883)
= Rhus copallinum var. arborescens Demcker; Mitt. Deutsch. Dendrol. Ges. 18: 325 (1909)
= Rhus copallinum var. extensa Sprenger; Mitt. Deutsch. Dendrol. Ges. 16: 67 (1907 publ. 1908)
= Rhus copallinum var. nesophila House; Bull. New York State Mus. Nat. Hist. 243-244: 55 (1923)
= Rhus copallinum var. salicifolia Demcker; Mitt. Deutsch. Dendrol. Ges. 18: 325 (1909)
= Rhus lentiscifolia Stokes; Bot. Mat. Med. ii. 164 (1812)
= Rhus pistachiifolia Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 169 (1796)
= Schmaltzia copallina (L.) Small; Fl. S. E. U. S. 728 (1903)
= Sumacus copallina (L.) Raf.; Autikon Bot. 83 (1840)
= Sumacus montana Raf.; Autik. Bot.: 83 (1840)
= Toxicodendron copallinum (L.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 153 (1891)
variant :
var. latifolia Engl.; Monogr. Phan. [A. DC. & C. DC.] 4: 384 (1883)
Distribution: Canada (Ontario); USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, Florida, Georgia, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maine, Michigan, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, Vermont, Wisconsin, West Virginia)
72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Toxicodendron copallinum var. latifolium (Engl.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 153 (1891)
variant :
var. leucantha (Jacq.) DC.; Prodr. 2: 68 (1825)
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia); Cuba
78 USA 81 CUB
Synonyms: hidden
= Rhus copallina subsp. leucantha (Jacq.) A.E.Murray; Kalmia 13: 28 (1983)
= Rhus copallinum subsp. leucantha (Jacq.) A.E.Murray; Kalmia 13: 28 (1983)
= Rhus copallinum var. obtusifolia Fernald & Griscom; Rhodora 37: 168 (1935)
= Rhus leucantha Jacq.; Pl. Rar. Hort. Schoenbr. 3: 50, pl (1798)
= Rhus obtusifolia (Small) Small; Fl. Miami [Small] 112 (1913)
= Schmaltzia leucantha (Jacq.) Small; Fl. S.E. U.S., ed. 2: 1350 (1913)
= Schmaltzia obtusifolia Small; Fl. S.E. U.S.: 729 (1903)
species :
Rhus coriaria L.; Sp. Pl.: 265 (1753)
Name: Gerber-Sumach (DE); Tanner´s Sumach (EN); Zumaquero (ES)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Portugal [I]; Spain [I]; France; Italy; Sicily; Pantelleria; Malta; Croatia; Montenegro; North Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece (widespread in mainland, Samothraki); Crete (very rare, Ida only); European Russia; Crimea; Algeria; Azores (Sao Miguel Isl., Terceira, Graciosa, Sao Jorge, Pico, Flores Isl., Corvo Isl.); Madeira [I] (Madeira Isl. [I]); Canary Isl. (Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro, La Palma Isl.); Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl. (Lesvos, Samos, Rhodos); Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq); Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, S-Iran); Afghanistan (Herat, Kabul); Cyprus (C-Mountains, N-Cyprus); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, Jbel Druze); Israel (coastal W-Israel, N-Israel); Sinai peninsula (S-Sinai); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania)
11 ger 12 FRA por spa 13 ALB BUL CRO GRC ITA KRI MLT MNT NMA PTL SIC TUE 14 KRY RUS 20 ALG 21 AZO CNY mdr 32 TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SIN SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Rhus amoena Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 169 (1796), nom. superfl.
= Rhus coriaria f. longifolia (Sennen) Sennen; Diagn. Nouv.: 13 (1936)
= Rhus coriaria var. longifolia Sennen; Exsicc. (Pl. Esp.) 1928: no. 6549 (1929)
= Rhus coriaria var. zebaria Shahbaz; Nordic J. Bot. 33: 53 (2014)
= Rhus heterophylla C.C.Gmel.; Hortus Carlsruh.: 225 (1811)
= Rhus ornifolia Pall. ex Gueldenst.; Reis. Russland 1: 282 (1787)
= Rhus sumac O.Targ.Tozz.; Giorn. Reale Ist. Incoragg. Agric. Sicilia 20: 293 (1831)
= Rhus variifolia DC.; Prodr. 2: 73 (1825)
= Toxicodendron coriaria (L.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 153 (1891)
species :
Rhus dhuna Buch.-Ham. ex Hook.f.; Fl. Brit. India 2: 11 (1876)
Distribution: Nepal; Myanmar
40 NEP 41 MYA
Synonyms: hidden
= Rhus dhuna Buch.-Ham.; Wall., Numer. List. 287, no. 8502 (1847), nom. nud.
species :
Rhus duckerae F.A.Barkley; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 24: 371 (1937), et Am. Midl. Nat. 24: 652 (1940)
Distribution: Mexico (Oaxaca)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Schmaltzia duckerae (F.A.Barkley) F.A.Barkley; Am. Midl. Nat. 24: 652 (1940)
species :
Rhus galeottii Standl.; Publ Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Chicago, Bot. Ser. 11: 163 (1936)
Distribution: Mexico (Guerrero, Oaxaca)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Schmaltzia galeottii (Standl.) F.A.Barkley; Am. Midl. Nat. 24: 649 (1940)
species :
Rhus glabra L.; Sp. Pl.: 265 (1753)
Name: Smooth sumac
Distribution: Italy [I]; Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Ontario, Quebec, Saskatchewan); USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Iowa, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, Montana, North Carolina, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, Nevada, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Vermont, Washington State, Wisconsin, West Virginia, Wyoming); Mexico (Chihuahua, Sonora, Nuevo Leon)
13 ita 71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Rhus albida Greene; Proc. Wash. Acad. Sci. 8: 194 (1906), nom. illeg.
= Rhus angustiarum Lunell; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 3: 144 (1913)
= Rhus aprica Greene; Proc. Wash. Acad. Sci. 8: 193 (1906)
= Rhus arbuscula Greene; Proc. Wash. Acad. Sci. 8: 184 (1906)
= Rhus arguta Greene; Proc. Wash. Acad. Sci. 8: 192 (1906)
= Rhus asplenifolia Greene; Proc. Wash. Acad. Sci. 8: 196 (1906)
= Rhus atrovirens Greene; Proc. Wash. Acad. Sci. 8: 182 (1906)
= Rhus auriculata Greene; Proc. Wash. Acad. Sci. 8: 178 (1906)
= Rhus borealis (Britton) Greene; Proc. Washington Acad. 8: 188 (1906)
= Rhus calophylla Greene; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Nov. Sp. 5: 45 (1908)
= Rhus carolinensis Marshall; Arbust. Amer. 129 (1785)
= Rhus caroliniana Mill.; Gard. Dict., ed. 8. Rhus no. 4 (1768)
= Rhus cismontana Greene; Proc. Wash. Acad. Sci. 8: 189 (1906)
= Rhus cismontana var. flavescens D.M.Andrews; Nursery Cat. (Rockmount Nursery) 1922: 5 (1922)
= Rhus coccinea Dippel; Handb. Laubholzk. 2: 367 (1892)
= Rhus elegans Aiton; Hortus Kew. (Aiton) 1: 366 (1789)
= Rhus elegans var. glauca Demcker; Mitt. Deutsch. Dendrol. Ges. 18: 325, 327 (1909)
= Rhus elegans var. superba Demcker; Mitt. Deutsch. Dendrol. Ges. 18: 325 (1909)
= Rhus elegantula Greene; Proc. Wash. Acad. Sci. 8: 195 (1906)
= Rhus glabra f. abludens Moldenke; Revista Sudamer. Bot. 5: 41 (1936 publ. 1937)
= Rhus glabra f. flavescens (D.M.Andrews) Rehder; J. Arnold Arbor. 21: 277 (1940)
= Rhus glabra f. laciniata (Carrière) B.L.Rob.; Rhodora 10: 35 (1908)
= Rhus glabra var. borealis Britton; Man. Fl. N. States: 601 (1901)
= Rhus glabra var. canadensis Marshall; Arbust. Amer.: 129 (1785)
= Rhus glabra var. carolinensis Marshall; Arbust. Amer.: 129 (1785)
= Rhus glabra var. cismontana (Greene) Cockerell; Daniels, Fl. Boulder Colorado [Daniels] 167 (1911)
= Rhus glabra var. coccinea Pursh; Fl. Amer. Sept. 1: 204 (1813)
= Rhus glabra var. dioica DC.; Prodr. 2: 67 (1825)
= Rhus glabra var. elegans (Aiton) Engl.; DC. & A. DC., Monogr. Phan. 4: 377 (1883)
= Rhus glabra var. hermaphrodita DC.; Prodr. 2: 67 (1825)
= Rhus glabra var. laciniata Carrière; Rev. Hort. [Paris]. 1863: 7, fig (1863)
= Rhus glabra var. occidentalis Torr.; U. S. Expl. Exped., Phan. Pacific N. Amer. 17(2): 257 (1874)
= Rhus glabra var. sandbergii Vasey; Proc. Wash. Acad. Sci. 8: 187 (1906)
= Rhus hapemanii Lunell; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 3: 147 (1913)
= Rhus ithacensis Greene; Proc. Wash. Acad. Sci. 8: 178 (1906)
= Rhus laevicaulis Torr. ex A.Gray; Mem. Amer. Acad. N. S. 4: 28 (1849)
= Rhus longula Greene; Proc. Wash. Acad. Sci. 8: 186 (1906)
= Rhus ludoviciana Greene; Proc. Wash. Acad. Sci. 8: 183 (1906)
= Rhus macrothyrsa Goodd.; Bot. Gaz. 37: 56 (1904)
= Rhus media Greene; Proc. Wash. Acad. Sci. 8: 188 (1906)
= Rhus nitens Greene; Proc. Wash. Acad. Sci. 8: 190 (1906)
= Rhus occidentalis (Torr.) Blank.; Sci. Stud. Montana Coll. Agric., Bot. 1: 86 (1905)
= Rhus oreophila Greene; Proc. Wash. Acad. Sci. 8: 177 (1906)
= Rhus petiolata Greene; Proc. Wash. Acad. Sci. 8: 185 (1906)
= Rhus pulchella Greene; Proc. Wash. Acad. Sci. 8: 182 (1906)
= Rhus pyramidata Greene; Proc. Wash. Acad. Sci. 8: 180 (1906)
= Rhus sambucina Greene; Proc. Wash. Acad. Sci. 8: 190 (1906)
= Rhus sandbergii Greene; Proc. Wash. Acad. Sci. 8: 187 (1906)
= Rhus sanguinea Dippel; Handb. Laubholzk. 2: 367 (1892)
= Rhus sorbifolia Greene; Proc. Wash. Acad. Sci. 8: 195 (1906)
= Rhus tessellata Greene; Proc. Wash. Acad. Sci. 8: 191 (1906)
= Rhus valida Greene; Proc. Wash. Acad. Sci. 8: 185 (1906)
= Schmaltzia glabra (L.) Small; Fl. S. E. U. S. 729 (1903)
= Toxicodendron glabrum (L.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 154 (1891)
= Turpinia glabra (L.) Raf.; Med. Repos. N. York 5: 352 (1808)
species :
Rhus hypoleuca Champ. ex Benth.; Hook. Kew J. 4: 43 (1852)
Distribution: China (Guangdong, S-Hunan, Fujian); Taiwan
36 CHI 38 TAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Rhus hypoleuca var. barbata Z.X.Yu & Q.G.Zhang; Bull. Bot. Res. North-East. Forest. Inst. 3(2): 156 (1983)
= Rhus microlepis Turcz.; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 31(I): 468 (1858)
= Toxicodendron hypoleucum (Champ. ex Benth.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 154 (1891)
species :
Rhus integrifolia (Nutt.) Benth. & Hook.f. ex Brewer & S.Watson; Bot. California [W. H. Brewer] 1: 110 (1876)
Name: Lemonade sumac
Distribution: USA (California); Mexico (Baja California Norte, Baja California Sur, Sonora); Isla Guadalupe
76 USA 79 GLP MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Neostyphonia integrifolia (Nutt.) Shafer; Britton & Shafer, N. Amer. Trees: 612 (1908)
= Rhus hindsiana Engl.; DC. & A. DC., Monogr. Phan. 4: 388 (1883)
= Rhus integrifolia var. serrata (Nutt.) Engl.; DC. & A. DC., Monogr. Phan. 4: 388 (1883)
= Schmaltzia integrifolia (Nutt. ex Torr. & A.Gray) F.A.Barkley; Am. Midl. Nat. 24: 650 (1940)
= Styphonia integrifolia Nutt.; Torr. & A. Gray, Fl. N. Am. 1: 220 (1838)
= Styphonia serrata Nutt.; Torr. & A. Gray, Fl. N. Am. 1: 220 (1838)
= Toxicodendron hindsianum (Engl.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 154 (1891)
= Toxicodendron integrifolium (Nutt.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 154 (1891)
variant :
var. cedrosensis F.A.Barkley; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 24: 363, tab. 20, fig. 1 (1937)
Distribution: Mexico (Cedros Isl.)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Schmaltzia integrifolia var. cedrosensis (F.A.Barkley) F.A.Barkley; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 24: 651 (1940)
species :
Rhus jaliscana Standl.; Contib. US. Nat. Herb. 20: 219 (1919)
Distribution: Mexico (Jalisco, Zacatecas)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Schmaltzia jaliscana (Standl.) F.A.Barkley; Am. Midl. Nat. 24: 649 (1940)
species :
Rhus kearneyi F.A.Barkley; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 24: 363 (1937)
subspecies :
subsp. kearneyi
Name: Kearney´s sumac
Distribution: USA (Arizona); Mexico (Baja California Norte, Baja California Sur, Sonora)
76 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Schmaltzia kearneyi (F.A.Barkley) F.A.Barkley; Am. Midl. Nat. 24: 651 (1940)
= Rhus kearneyi subsp. borjaensis Moran; Trans. San Diego Soc. Nat. Hist. 15: 273 (1969)
subspecies :
subsp. virginum Moran; Trans. San Diego Soc. Nat. Hist. 15: 274 [-275], f. 5 (1969)
Distribution: Mexico (Baja California Sur)
79 MEX
species :
Rhus lamprocarpa Merr. & L.M.Perry; J. Arnold Arbor. 29: 159 (1948)
Distribution: New Guinea (Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
species :
Rhus lanceolata (A.Gray) Britton; North America. Trees, 606 (1908)
Name: Prairie sumac
Distribution: USA (Arizona, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Texas); Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo Leon, San Luis Potosi, Tamaulipas)
74 USA 76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Rhus copallinum var. lanceolata A.Gray; Boston J. Nat. Hist. 6: 158 (1850)
= Schmaltzia lanceolata (A.Gray) Small; Fl. S. E. U. S. 728 (1903)
species :
Rhus lenticellosa Lauterb.; Lorentz, Nova Guinea 8: 297 (1910)
Distribution: New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
Synonyms: hidden
= Rhus lenticellosa var. monophylla Lauterb.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 56: 361 (1920)
= Rhus lenticellosa var. pentaphylla Lauterb.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 56: 361 (1920)
species :
Rhus lentii Kellogg; Proc. Calif. Acad. 2: 16 (1863)
Distribution: Mexico (Baja California Norte, Baja California Sur)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Schmaltzia lentii (Kellogg) F.A.Barkley; Am. Midl. Nat. 24: 650 (1940)
= Toxicodendron lentii (Kellogg) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 154 (1891)
species :
Rhus linguata Slis; Nova Guinea 14: 97 (1924)
Distribution: New Guinea (Irian Jaya)
42 NWG
species :
Rhus michauxii Sarg.; Gard. and For. 8: 404, fig. 55 (1895)
Name: False poison sumac
Distribution: USA (Florida, Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia)
78 USA
Conservation Status: IUCN V
Synonyms: hidden
= Rhus pumila Michx.; Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 182 (1803), nom. illeg.
= Schmaltzia michauxii (Sarg.) Small; Fl. S. E. U. S. 729 (1903)
= Toxicodendron pumilum Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 154 (1891)
species :
Rhus microphylla Engelm.; Smithsonian Contr. Knowl. 3(5): 31 (1852)
Name: Littleleaf sumac
Distribution: USA (Arizona, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Texas); Mexico (Aguascalientes, Baja California Norte, Baja California Sur, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Nuevo Leon, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Zacatecas)
74 USA 76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Rhoeidium cinereum Greene; Leafl. Bot. Observ. Crit. 1: 144 (1905)
= Rhoeidium glabellum Greene; Leafl. Bot. Observ. Crit. 1: 143 (1905)
= Rhoeidium microphyllum (Engelm.) Greene; Leaflets Bot. Obs. 1: 143 (1905)
= Rhoeidium potosinum Greene; Leafl. Bot. Observ. Crit. 1: 144 (1905)
= Rhoeidium retusum Greene; Leafl. Bot. Observ. Crit. 1: 144 (1905)
= Rhoeidium rugulosum Greene; Leafl. Bot. Observ. Crit. 1: 143 (1905)
= Rhoeidium vestitum (Engl.) Greene; Leafl. Bot. Observ. Crit. 1: 143 (1905)
= Rhus microphylla var. vestita Engl.; DC. & A. DC., Monogr. Phan. 4: 387 (1883)
= Schmaltzia microphylla (Engelm.) Small; Fl. S. E. U. S. 728 (1903)
= Toxicodendron microphyllum (Engelm.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 154 (1891)
species :
Rhus muelleri Standl. & F.A.Barkley; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 24: 359 (1937)
Distribution: Mexico (Coahuila, Nuevo Leon)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Schmaltzia muelleri (Standl. & F.A.Barkley) F.A.Barkley; Am. Midl. Nat. 24: 650 (1940)
species :
Rhus nelsonii F.A.Barkley; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 24: 375 (1937)
Distribution: Mexico (Guerrero)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Schmaltzia nelsonii (F.A.Barkley) F.A.Barkley; Am. Midl. Nat. 24: 652 (1940)
species :
Rhus oaxacana Loes.; Bull. Herb. Boissier Ser. II. 6: 834 (1906)
Distribution: Mexico (Guerrero, Oaxaca)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Rhus macropoda F.A.Barkley; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 24: 383 (1937)
= Schmaltzia macropoda (F.A.Barkley) F.A.Barkley; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 24: 654 (1940)
= Schmaltzia oaxacana (Loes.) F.A.Barkley; Am. Midl. Nat. 24: 652 (1940)
species :
Rhus ovata S.Watson; Proc. Am. Acad. 20: 358 (1885)
Name: Sugar sumac
Distribution: USA (Arizona, California); Mexico (Baja California Norte, Baja California Sur, Chihuahua, Sonora)
76 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Neostyphonia ovata (S.Watson) Abrams; Bull. New York Bot. Gard. 6: 403 (1910)
= Rhus ovata var. traskiae F.A.Barkley; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 24: 368 (1937)
= Schmaltzia ovata (S.Watson) F.A.Barkley; Am. Midl. Nat. 24: 651 (1940)
= Schmaltzia ovata var. traskiae (F.A.Barkley) F.A.Barkley; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 24: 652 (1940)
species :
Rhus pachyrrhachis Hemsl.; Biol. Centr. Am. Bot. 1: 218 (1879)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Coahuila, Colima, Durango, Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Michoacan, Nuevo Leon, Oaxaca, Queretaro, Puebla, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Zacatecas)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Rhus sempervirens var. pachyrrhachis (Hemsl.) Engl.; DC. & A. DC., Monogr. Phan. 4: 391 (1883)
= Schmaltzia pachyrrhachis (Hemsl.) F.A.Barkley; Am. Midl. Nat. 24: 652 (1940)
species :
Rhus potaninii Maxim.; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 11(1): 110-111 (1889)
Distribution: China (NW-Yunnan, Sichuan, S-Gansu, S-Shaanxi, S-Shanxi, Henan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Rhus henryi Diels; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 29(3-4): 432 (1900)
= Rhus sinica Koehne; Mitt. Deutsch. Dendrol. Ges. 191: 102, f. 5 (1910)
species :
Rhus punjabensis Stewart in Brandis; For. Fl. Brit. Ind. 120 (1874)
Distribution: China (Gansu, Guizhou, Hubei, Hunan, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan); Tibet; Pakistan (Chitral, Murree); Nepal; India (Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Uttarakhand); Myanmar (Mandalay)
36 CHI TIB 40 IND NEP PAK 41 MYA
Synonyms: hidden
= Toxicodendron punjabense (J.L.Stewart) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 154 (1891)
variant :
var. pilosa Engl.; Monogr. Phan. 4: 378 (1883)
Distribution: China (NW-Yunnan, W-Sichuan); S-Tibet; NW-India (Jammu & Kashmir)
36 CHI TIB 40 IND
variant :
var. sinica (Diels) Rehder & E.H.Wilson; Pl. Wils. 2(1): 176 (1914)
Distribution: China (N-Yunnan, Sichuan, Guizhou, W-Hunan, W-Hubei, S-Shaanxi, S-Gansu); SE-Tibet
36 CHI TIB
Synonyms: hidden
= Rhus echinocarpa H.Lév.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 10: 475 (1912)
= Rhus esquirolii H.Lév.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12(317-321): 181 (1913)
= Rhus mairei H.Lév.; Sert. Yunnan 2 (1916)
= Rhus sinica Diels; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 29(3-4): 432-433 (1900)
= Rhus sinica f. glabra Diels; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 29: 433 (1900)
species :
Rhus rubifolia Turcz.; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 31: I. 470 (1858)
Distribution: Mexico (Puebla, Oaxaca)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Rhus rubifolia var. subcordata (Turcz.) Engl.; Monogr. Phan. [A. DC. & C. DC.] 4: 393 (1883)
= Rhus subcordata Turcz.; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 31: I. 470 (1858)
= Schmaltzia rubifolia (Turcz.) F.A.Barkley; Am. Midl. Nat. 24: 649 (1940)
= Schmaltzia rubifolia var. subcordata (Turcz.) F.A.Barkley; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 23: 649 (1940)
= Toxicodendron rubifolium (Turcz.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 154 (1891)
species :
Rhus sandwicensis A.Gray; Bot. U. St. Expl. Exped. 1: 369 (1854)
Distribution: Hawaii (Kauai, Oahu, Molokai, Maui, Hawaii Isl.)
63 HAW
Synonyms: hidden
= Rhus chinensis var. sandwicensis (A.Gray) O.Deg. & Greenw.
= Rhus semialata var. sandwicensis Engl.
species :
Rhus schiedeana Schltdl.; Linnaea 16: 480 (1842)
Distribution: Mexico (Baja California Norte, Baja California Sur, Chiapas, Coahuila, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Veracruz, Zacatecas); Guatemala; Honduras
79 MEX 80 GUA HON
Synonyms: hidden
= Rhus hartmanii F.A.Barkley; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 24: 344 (1937)
= Rhus profusa F.A.Barkley; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 24: 385 (1937)
= Schmaltzia hartmanii (F.A.Barkley) F.A.Barkley; Am. Midl. Nat. 24: 649 (1940)
= Schmaltzia profusa (F.A.Barkley) F.A.Barkley; Am. Midl. Nat. 24: 654 (1940)
= Schmaltzia schiedeana (Schltdl.) F.A.Barkley; Am. Midl. Nat. 24: 654 (1940)
= Toxicodendron schiedeanum (Schltdl.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 154 (1891)
species :
Rhus schmideloides Schltdl.; Linnaea 16: 482 (1842)
Distribution: Mexico (Sinaloa, Durango, San Luis Potosi, Guanajuato, Queretaro, Hidalgo, Nayarit, Jalisco, Colima, Michoacan, Puebla, Veracruz, Guerrero)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Rhus aromatica var. schmidelioides (Schltdl.) Engl.; DC. Monogr. Phaner. 4: 386 (1883)
= Rhus schmidelioides var. potosinensis F.A.Barkley; Ann. Mo. Bot. Gard. 24: 394 (1937)
= Schmaltzia schmidelioides (Schltdl.) F.A.Barkley; Am. Midl. Nat. 24: 656 (1940)
= Schmaltzia schmidelioides var. potosinensis (F.A.Barkley) F.A.Barkley; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 24: 656 (1940)
species :
Rhus standleyi F.A.Barkley; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 24: 358 (1937), nom. nov.
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Ciudad de Mexico, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Mexico State, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Tlaxcala, Veracruz)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Rhus mollis Kunth; Nov. Gen. et Sp. 7: 10, t. 602 (1824) non (Jacq.) 1809
= Schmaltzia mollis (Kunth) F.A.Barkley; Am. Midl. Nat. 24: 650 (1940)
= Schmaltzia standleyi (F.A.Barkley) F.A.Barkley; Tasca 1: No. 10, 118 (1946)
= Styphonia mollis Nutt.; Torr. & A. Gray, Fl. N. Am. 1: 220 (1838)
= Toxicodendron molle (Nutt.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 154 (1891)
species :
Rhus taishanensis S.B.Liang; Bull. Bot. Res. North-East. Forest. Inst. 2(4): 155 (1982)
Distribution: China (Shandong)
36 CHI
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Rhus tamaulipana B.L.Turner; Phytologia 80(5): 370 (1996 publ. 1997)
Distribution: Mexico (Tamaulipas, Nuevo Leon)
79 MEX
species :
Rhus teniana Hand.-Mazz.; Symb. Sin. 7(3): 637 (1933)
Distribution: China (N-Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Rhus tepetate Standl. & F.A.Barkley; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 24: 382 (1937)
Distribution: Mexico (Baja California Sur, Chihuahua, Sonora)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Schmaltzia tepetate (Standl. & F.A.Barkley) F.A.Barkley; Am. Midl. Nat. 24: 654 (1940)
species :
Rhus terebinthifolia Schltdl. & Cham.; Linnaea 5: 600 (1830)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Chihuahua, Colima, Durango, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Zacatecas); Guatemala; El Salvador; Honduras; Nicaragua; Costa Rica
79 MEX 80 COS ELS GUA HON NIC
Synonyms: hidden
= Rhus costaricensis L.Riley; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1922: 184 (1922)
= Rhus palmeri Rose; Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 1: 95 (1891)
= Rhus terebinthifolia var. loeseneri F.A.Barkley; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 24: 354 (1937)
= Rhus terebinthifolia var. pilosissima Loes.; Bull. Herb. Boissier, sér. 2, 6: 836 (1906)
= Schmaltzia costaricensis (L.Riley) F.A.Barkley; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 24: 649 (1940)
= Schmaltzia palmeri (Rose) F.A.Barkley; Am. Midl. Nat. 24: 649 (1940)
= Schmaltzia terebinthifolia (Schltdl. & Cham.) F.A.Barkley; Am. Midl. Nat. 24: 649 (1940)
= Schmaltzia terebinthifolia var. loeseneri F.A.Barkley; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 24: 650 (1940)
= Toxicodendron terebinthifolium (Schltdl. & Cham.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 154 (1891)
species :
Rhus trilobata Nutt.; Torr. & A. Gray, Fl. N. Am. 1: 219 (1838)
Name: Skunkbush sumac
Distribution: Canada (Alberta, Saskatchewan); USA (Arkansas, Arizona, California, Colorado, Iowa, Idaho, Kansas, Maryland, Montana, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Mexico, Nevada, Oklahoma, Oregon, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Washington State, Wyoming); Mexico (Aguascalientes, Baja California Norte, Baja California Sur, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Colima, Durango, Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Michoacan, Nayarit, Nuevo Leon, Oaxaca, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Zacatecas)
71 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Rhus aromatica subsp. flabelliformis (Shinners) R.E.Brooks; Phytologia 52(1): 8 (1982)
= Rhus aromatica subsp. trilobata (Nutt.) W.A.Weber; Phytologia 67(6): 426 (1989)
= Rhus aromatica var. flabelliformis Shinners; Field & Lab. 19: 86 (1951)
= Rhus aromatica var. trilobata (Nutt.) A.Gray; Botany [Fortieth Parallel] 53 (1871)
= Rhus canadensis var. trilobata (Nutt.) A.Gray ex J.M.Coult.; Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 2: 68 (1891)
= Rhus crenatifolia Schltdl.; Linnaea 16: 483 (1842)
= Rhus osterhoutii Rydb.; Fl. Rocky Mts.: 551 (1917)
= Rhus oxyacanthoides (Greene) Rydb.; Fl. Rocky Mts.: 551 (1917), nom. illeg.
= Rhus trilobata var. glaberrima Engl.; DC. & A. DC., Monogr. Phan. 4: 386 (1883)
= Schmaltzia bakeri Greene; Leafl. Bot. Observ. Crit. 1: 132 (1905)
= Schmaltzia botryoides Greene; Leafl. Bot. Observ. Crit. 1: 138 (1905)
= Schmaltzia cognata Greene; Leafl. Bot. Observ. Crit. 1: 141 (1905)
= Schmaltzia elegantula Greene; Leafl. Bot. Observ. Crit. 1: 136 (1905)
= Schmaltzia glabrata Greene; Leafl. Bot. Observ. Crit. 1: 132 (1905)
= Schmaltzia glauca Greene; Leafl. Bot. Observ. Crit. 1: 138 (1905)
= Schmaltzia glomerata Greene; Leafl. Bot. Observ. Crit. 1: 140 (1905)
= Schmaltzia hirtella Greene; Leafl. Bot. Observ. Crit. 1: 137 (1905)
= Schmaltzia leiocarpa Greene; Leafl. Bot. Observ. Crit. 1: 133 (1905)
= Schmaltzia oxyacanthoides Greene; Leafl. Bot. Observ. Crit. 1: 134 (1905)
= Schmaltzia pubescens Osterh.; Muhlenbergia 7: 11 (1911)
= Schmaltzia quercifolia Greene; Leafl. Bot. Observ. Crit. 1: 141 (1905)
= Schmaltzia ribifolia Greene; Leafl. Bot. Observ. Crit. 2: 156 (1911)
= Schmaltzia sabulosa Greene; Leafl. Bot. Observ. Crit. 1: 135 (1905)
= Schmaltzia scaberula Greene; Leafl. Bot. Observ. Crit. 1: 138 (1905)
= Schmaltzia straminea Greene; Leafl. Bot. Observ. Crit. 1: 139 (1905)
= Schmaltzia subpinnata Greene; Leafl. Bot. Observ. Crit. 1: 133 (1905)
= Schmaltzia tridophylloides Greene; Leafl. Bot. Observ. Crit. 1: 141 (1905)
= Schmaltzia trilobata (Nutt.) Small; Leaflets Bot. Obs. 1: 132 (1905)
= Toxicodendron trilobatum (Nutt.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 154 (1891)
variant :
var. anisophylla (Greene) Jeps.; Man. Fl. Pl. Calif. [Jeps.] 608 (1925)
Distribution: USA (Arizona, California, New Mexico, Nevada, Oregon, Utah)
73 USA 76 USA 77 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Schmaltzia anisophylla Greene; Leaflets Bot. Obs. 1: 136 (1905)
= Schmaltzia cruciata Greene; Leafl. Bot. Observ. Crit. 1: 139 (1905)
= Schmaltzia hederacea Greene; Leafl. Bot. Observ. Crit. 1: 135 (1905)
= Schmaltzia oregana Greene; Leafl. Bot. Observ. Crit. 1: 140 (1905)
= Schmaltzia puncticulata Greene; Leafl. Bot. Observ. Crit. 1: 137 (1905)
= Schmaltzia trilobata var. anisophylla (Greene) F.A.Barkley; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 24: 660 (1940)
= Schmaltzia trinervata Greene; Leafl. Bot. Observ. Crit. 1: 137 (1905)
variant :
var. pilosissima Engl.; Monogr. Phan. [A. DC. & C. DC.] 4: 386 (1883)
Name: Pubescent skunkbush sumac
Distribution: USA (Arizona, California, Colorado, Kansas, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Texas)
73 USA 74 USA 76 USA 77 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Rhus aromatica subsp. pilosissima (Engelm.) W.A.Weber; Phytologia 41(7): 488 (1979), without basionym ref., et Brittonia 33(3): 326 (1981)
= Rhus aromatica var. mollis Ashe; Bot. Gaz. 24: 377 (1897)
= Rhus aromatica var. pilosissima (Engl.) Shinners; Field & Lab. 19: 86 (1951)
= Rhus emoryi Wooton; Leafl. Bot. Observ. Crit. 1: 134 (1905)
= Rhus trilobata var. malacophylla (Greene) Munz; Man. S. Calif. Bot. [Munz] 293 (1935)
= Schmaltzia emoryi Greene; Leafl. Bot. Observ. Crit. 1: 133 (1905)
= Schmaltzia malacophylla Greene; Leaflets Bot. Obs. 1: 138 (1905)
= Schmaltzia pulchella Greene; Leafl. Bot. Observ. Crit. 1: 134 (1905)
= Schmaltzia trilobata var. pilosissima (Engl.) F.A.Barkley; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 24: 661 (1940)
variant :
var. quinata (Greene) Jeps.; Erythea 1: 141 (1893)
Distribution: USA (Arizona, California, New Mexico, Nevada, Oregon)
73 USA 76 USA 77 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Rhus canadensis var. quinata (Jeps.) A.Gray; Syn. Fl. N. Amer. 1(1): 386 (1897)
= Schmaltzia quinata (Jeps.) Greene; Leafl. Bot. Observ. Crit. 1: 139 (1905)
= Schmaltzia trilobata var. quinata (Jeps.) F.A.Barkley; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 24: 661 (1940)
variant :
var. racemulosa (Greene) F.A.Barkley; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 24: 409 (1937)
Distribution: USA (Arizona, New Mexico)
76 USA 77 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Schmaltzia racemulosa Greene; Leaflets Bot. Obs. 1: 142 (1905)
= Schmaltzia trilobata var. racemulosa (Greene) F.A.Barkley; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 24: 661 (1940)
variant :
var. simplicifolia (Greene) F.A.Barkley; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 24: 410 (1937)
Distribution: USA (Arizona, California, Colorado, New Mexico, Nevada, Oklahoma, Oregon, Utah)
73 USA 74 USA 76 USA 77 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Rhus aromatica f. simplicifolia (Greene) W.A.Weber; Phytologia 51(6): 375 (1982)
= Rhus aromatica var. simplicifolia (Greene) Cronquist; Great Basin Naturalist 46: 254 (1986)
= Rhus canadensis var. simplicifolia Greene; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 17: 13 (1890)
= Rhus utahensis Goodd.; Bot. Gaz. 37: 57 (1904)
= Schmaltzia affinis Greene; Leafl. Bot. Observ. Crit. 1: 135 (1905)
= Schmaltzia cissodes Greene; Leafl. Bot. Observ. Crit. 1: 136 (1905)
= Schmaltzia simplicifolia (Greene) Greene; Leafl. Bot. Observ. Crit. 1: 135 (1905)
= Schmaltzia trilobata var. simplicifolia (Greene) F.A.Barkley; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 24: 662 (1940)
species :
Rhus typhina L.; Cent. Pl. 2: 14 (1756)
Name: Staghorn sumac (EN), Essigbaum (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Switzerland [I]; Liechtenstein [I]; Czech Republic [I]; Slovakia [I]; Hungary [I]; Portugal [I]; Spain [I]; France [I]; Italy [I]; Slovenia [I]; Croatia [I]; Bosnia & Hercegovina [I]; Romania [I]; Bulgaria [I]; Estonia [I]; Belarus [I]; European Russia [I]; Kazakhstan [I]; Uzbekistan [I]; Tajikistan [I]; New Zealand [I]; Canada (New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Isl., Quebec); USA (Alabama, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Georgia, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Utah, Virginia, Vermont, Wisconsin, West Virginia)
11 cze ger hun lie slo swi 12 fra por spa 13 bih bul cro ita rom slv 14 blr est rus 32 kaz tzk uzb 51 nzl 72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Datisca hirta L.; Sp. Pl. 2: 1037 (1753), nom. rej.
= Rhus americana Dippel; Handb. Laubholzk. 2: 367 (1892)
= Rhus canadensis Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. VIII. n. 5 (1768)
= Rhus filicifolia Demcker; Mitt. Deutsch. Dendrol. Ges. 18: 325 (1909)
= Rhus frutescens G.Nicholson; Hand-List Trees Shrubs 1[Polypet.]: 103 (1894), nom. inval.
= Rhus gracilis Engl.; Monogr. Phan. [DC.] 4: 377 (1883)
= Rhus hirta (L.) Südw.; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 19: 81 (1892) non Harv.
= Rhus hirta f. dissecta (Rehder) Reveal; Taxon 40(3): 491 (1991)
= Rhus hirta f. typhina (L.) Reveal; Taxon 40(3): 491 (1991)
= Rhus hirta var. dissecta (Rehder) Nash; Addisonia 1: 73 (1916)
= Rhus hirta var. laciniata C.K.Schneid.; Ill. Handb. Laubholzk. 2: 154 (1907)
= Rhus hirta var. typhina (L.) Farw.; Rep. (Annual) Michigan Acad. Sci. 15: 180 (1913)
= Rhus hypselodendrum Moench; Methodus (Moench) 73 (1794)
= Rhus typhina f. dissecta Rehder; Rhodora 9: 115 (1907)
= Rhus typhina f. laciniata (Alph.Wood) Rehder; Rhodora 9: 115 (1907)
= Rhus typhina var. arborescens Willd.; Enum. Pl. 1: 323 (1809)
= Rhus typhina var. filicifolia Demcker; Mitt. Deutsch. Dendrol. Ges. 18: 325 (1909)
= Rhus typhina var. filicina Sprenger; Mitt. Deutsch. Dendrol. Ges. 16: 67 (1907 publ. 1908)
= Rhus typhina var. frutescens Willd.; Enum. Pl.: 323 (1809)
= Rhus typhina var. laciniata Alph.Wood; Class-book Bot., ed. 2. 203 (1847)
= Rhus typhina var. viridiflora Engl.; DC. & A. DC., Monogr. Phan. 4: 378 (1883)
= Rhus virginiana Garsault; Fig. Pl. Méd.: t. 493 (1764), opus utique rej.
= Rhus viridiflora Duhamel; Traité Arbr. Arbust. (Duhamel), nouv. éd. 2: 163 (1804)
= Rhus viridiflora var. canadensis (Mill.) Poir.; Lam., Encycl. 7: 504 (1806)
= Schmaltzia hirta (L.) Small; Fl. S.E. U.S.: 729 (1903)
= Toxicodendron typhinum (L.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 154 (1891)
species :
Rhus vestita Loes.; Bull. Herb. Boissier Ser. II. 6: 885 (1906)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas); Guatemala
79 MEX 80 GUA
Synonyms: hidden
= Rhus schiedeana f. vestita Radlk. ex Donn.Sm.; Enum. Pl. Guatem. 3: 22 (1893)
= Rhus vestita var. ghiesbreghtii F.A.Barkley; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 24: 375 (1937)
= Schmaltzia vestita (Loes.) F.A.Barkley; Am. Midl. Nat. 24: 652 (1940)
= Schmaltzia vestita var. ghiesbreghtii F.A.Barkley; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 24: 652 (1940)
species :
Rhus virens Lindh. ex A.Gray; Bost. J. Nat. Hist. 6: 159 (1850)
subspecies :
subsp. virens
Name: Evergreen sumac
Distribution: USA (New Mexico, Texas); Mexico (Baja California Norte, Baja California Sur, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Nuevo Leon, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Zacatecas)
77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Schmaltzia virens (Lindh. ex A.Gray) Small; Fl. S. E. U. S. 729 (1903)
= Rhus sempervirens Scheele; Linnaea 23: 566 (1850)
= Toxicodendron sempervirens (Scheele) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 154 (1891)
variant :
var. australis B.L.Turner; Phytologia 80(5): 375 (1996 publ. 1997)
Distribution: Mexico (Oaxaca, Puebla)
79 MEX
subspecies :
subsp. purpusii D.A.Young
Distribution: Mexico (Oaxaca, Nuevo Leon, etc.)
79 MEX
species :
Rhus wilsonii Hemsl.; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1906(5): 155-156 (1906)
Distribution: China (NE-Yunnan, SW-Sichuan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Rhus wilsonii var. glabra Y.T.Wu; Fl. Sichuanica 4: 135 (1988)
species :
Rhus ×ashei (Small) Greene; Proc. Washington Acad. 8: 179 (1906)
Name: Ashe´s sumac
Distribution: USA (North Carolina)
78 USA
Remarks: R. glabra x R. michauxii
Synonyms: hidden
= Schmaltzia ×ashei Small; Fl. S. E. U. S. 729 (1903)
species :
Rhus ×pulvinata Greene; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Nov. Sp. 5: 45 (1908)
Name: Northern smooth sumac
Distribution: Canada (Manitoba, Ontario); USA (Indiana, Massachusetts, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, North Carolina, New York, Ohio, Virginia, Wisconsin)
71 CDN 72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA 78 USA
Remarks: Rhus glabra x typhina
Synonyms: hidden
= Rhus ×gymnoclada Greene; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 5: 45 (1908)
= Rhus ×hybrida Rehder; Mitt. Deutsch. Dendrol. Ges. 22: 256 (1913 publ. 1914)
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A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 19.2 (April 1st, 2024)

Covering 354,662 accepted species,
8,644 hybrids, 47,758 accepted infraspecific taxa and 996,179 synonyms,
in total 1,407,243* names

[*about 25,000 dubious, "unplaced" names and about 4,000 invalid names (Art. 24.3) like "typicus" are deliberately omitted]


With complete, detailed distribution data (countries and regions) and literature references

Arranged in linear phylogenetic sequence reflecting true relationships

Fully searchable and continously updated

With 38,290 pictures of 15,532 species

Assembled through 40 years independently from other databases

In cooperation with Catalogue of Life